TCP/IP Protocol Family @@@ TRANSPORT +Transmission Control Protocol (TCP): connection-based services +User Datagram Protocol

(UDP): connectionless services @@@ @@@ ROUTING +Internet Protocol (IP): handles transmission of information +Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP): handles status messages for IP +Routing Information Protocol (RIP): determines routing +Open Shortest Path First (OSPF): alternate protocol for determining routing @@@ @@@ NETWORK ADDRESSES +Boot Protocol (BOOTP): starts up a network machine +File Transfer Protocol (FTP): transfers files +Telnet: allows remote logins @@@ @@@ GATEWAY PROTOCOLS +Exterior Gateway Protocol (EGP): transfers routing information for external net works +Gateway-to-Gateway Protocol (GGP): transfers routing information between gateways +Interior Gateway Protocol (IGP): transfers routing information for internal net works @@@ @@@ OTHERS +Network File System (NFS): enables directories on one machine to be mounted on another +Remote Procedure Call (RPC): enables remote applications to communicate +Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP): transfers electronic mail +Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP): sends status messages about the netw ork @@@ *Transport TCP (Transmission Control Protocol) - Connection-based services UDP (User Datagram Protocol) - Connectionless services *Routing

Starts up a network machine FTP (File Transfer Protocol) .Handles status messages for IP RIP (Routing Information Protocol) Determines routing OSPF (Open Shortest Path First) .Checks connectivity RPC (Remote Procedure Call) .Transfers files Telnet .Enables remote applications to communicate SNMP (Simple Network Management Protocol) .Synchronizes clocks PING (Packet Internet Groper) .IP (Internet Protocol) .Handles transmission of information ICMP (Internet Control Message Protocol) .Determines addresses DNS (Domain Name System) .Determines addresses from machine names RARP (Reverse Address Resolution Protocol) .Determines addresses *User Services BOOTP (Boot Protocol) .Enables directories on one machine to be mounted on another NIS (Network Information Service) .Alternate protocol for determining routing *Network Addresses ARP (Address Resolution Protocol) .Maintains user accounts across networks NTP (Network Time Protocol) .Transfers routing information between gatewa ys IGP (Interior Gateway Protocol) .Transfers routing information for internal net works *Others NFS (Network File System) .Transfers routing information for external net works GGP (Gateway-to-Gateway Protocol) .Sends status messages about the netw ork .Enables remote file transfers *Gateway Protocols EGP (Exterior Gateway Protocol) .Enables remote logins TFTP (Trivial File Transfer Protocol) .

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