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------------------------------------------------------------[6/22/99 NOTE] --AS OF 4/1/99, IT IS NOW A REQUIREMENT TO SUBMIT PROPOSALS USING FASTLANE (http://www.fastlane.nsf.

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Networking Research Program Program Solicitation NSF 98-164 Directorate for Computer and Information Science and Engineering (CISE) Division of Advanced Networking Infrastructure and Research (ANIR) National Science Foundation Proposal Submission Deadlines: June 1 and December 1 Next Generation Networks Next generation networks will be more heterogeneous and versatile, and at the same time they will be readily available to a significantly wider segment of the world's population than they are today. They will support diverse end systems with differing capabilities ranging from PDAs (Personal Digital Assistants) with limited processing power to supercomputers, from simple terminals to multimedia-capable workstations. Next generation networks will also support transmission rates that are orders of magnitude higher than current rates. They will provide advanced services not currently available (e.g., different levels of security and quality of service to different applications, flexible and expandable middleware services for high performance and highly available applications). Users of next generation networks will have access to high-speed networks and advanced services anytime and anywhere. Program Objectives The objectives of the Networking Research Program are to expand the vision of next generation networks, coalesce the research community around the vision, and support science and technologies that lead to next generation networks. Research Areas Supported Projects suitable for funding in the Networking Research Program must address research issues related to next generation networks. The Networking Research Program's support extends over the entire spectrum of networking research, from network design and performance evaluation to middleware and software frameworks in support of applications running on top of networks and distributed systems. Also supported are projects addressing how networks and distributed systems interact with underlying communications and signal processing technology and other related disciplines such as operating systems, computer architecture and software technologies. Examples of research that the Networking Research Program supports include, but are not limited to, the following: Scalability: research addressing scalable solutions that facilitate the efficient, high-speed transfer of information to a large user population. Examples include research addressing such issues as scalable protocols; flexible end-system and network architectures to add resources in an easily

expandable fashion; WDM (Wavelength Division Multiplexing) and packet switched optical networks that achieve orders of magnitude higher transmission rates, and network architectures for optical-based ultra-high-speed networks; web and multicast technologies to support efficient transfer of multimedia information to a large user population. Advanced Network Services: research addressing solutions that lead to advanced network services such as different degrees of security and QoS to different applications at different costs, and flexible middleware services in support of high-performance, multimedia applications. Examples include research addressing such issues as security management, secure networked computing, system solutions to network security, security provisions for mobile code and intelligent agents; resource management and traffic control for QoS provisioning, pricing structures for QoS provisioning; flexible and expandable middleware to support multimedia applications in a networked environment, object-oriented frameworks to provide QoS guarantees at minimal overhead, and middleware to support mobile code and applications. Heterogeneity: research leading to a deeper understanding of heterogeneous networking environments and research addressing solutions to support increasing heterogeneity in next generation networks. Examples include research addressing such issues as traffic measurements of heterogeneous large-scale networks; seamless internetworking between wired and wireless networks; and middleware frameworks to conceal heterogeneity of underlying networking environments. Ubiquity and Nomadicity: research addressing solutions that provide network access anytime and anywhere. Examples include research addressing such issues as protocols and architectural designs for wireless networks for personal multimedia communications; architectural designs, QoS provisioning and secure communication in ad hoc wireless networks; efficient use of satellite networks to extend network coverage to wider geographic areas, protocols for large propagation latency environments. The Networking Research Program also supports generic networking research addressing network design, network management, performance evaluation and other key research issues. Jointly with the ANIR's Advanced Networking Infrastructure Program, the Networking Research Program may also support networking research which requires special access to or use of existing testbeds such as the NSF-supported vBNS. Special access that would interfere with the production nature of a testbed, however, may not be possible. In evaluating proposals, special consideration will be given to proposals that include innovative ideas that potentially lead to revolutionary or paradigm-shifting approaches to networking. Special Areas of Opportunity The Networking Research Program, often in collaboration with the Special Projects in Networking Program, may from time to time announce on the ANIR web site ( specific research areas targeted for consideration. The areas are expected to be identified through research community input such as workshops or panels. Inquiries Inquiries regarding the Networking Research Program may be made to the Networking Research Program Director at; fax: (703) 306-0621;

or phone: (703) 306-1950. Potential proposers may discuss their research projects with the Networking Research Program Director or with the Manager of the Special Projects in Networking Research (Dr. Darleen Fisher,, 703-306-1949) to identify an appropriate program for their proposals. The purpose of the discussion is to ensure that the proposals are submitted to the program whose scope best fits the proposal. Proposal Submission FastLane Networking Research Program proposals are strongly encouraged to be submitted electronically using the NSF FastLane system for electronic proposal submission and review, available through the World Wide Web on the FastLane Home Page ( Instructions for preparing and submitting a standard NSF proposal via FastLane are located at In order to use NSF FastLane to prepare and submit a proposal, you must have the following software: Netscape Navigator 3.0 or above, or Microsoft Internet Explorer 4.01 or above; Adobe Acrobat Reader 3.0 or above for viewing PDF files; and Adobe Acrobat 3.X or Aladdin Ghostscript 5.10 or above for converting files to PDF. To access the FastLane Proposal Preparation application, your institution needs to be a registered FastLane institution. A list of registered institutions and the FastLane registration form are located on the FastLane Home Page. To register an organization, authorized organizational representatives must complete the registration form. Once an organization is registered, PIN for individual staff is available from the organization's sponsored project office. The signed (paper) cover sheet must be mailed in time to arrive at the following address within five working days of the deadline: Program Director Networking Research Program National Science Foundation 4201 Wilson Boulevard, Room 1175 Arlington, Virginia 22230 phone) 703-306-1950 For questions or problems concerning submitting a proposal via FastLane, please send an e-mail message to or call (703) 306-1142. Mail Submissions The Networking Research Program also accepts proposals submitted through the mail. In this case, an original and nine copies of the proposal should be submitted to NSF following the submission instructions in the NSF Grant Proposal Guide (NSF 99-2). Proposers submitting a proposal to the Networking Research Program are also required to send one courtesy hard copy of each proposal to the program director at the aforementioned address in order to be received within five working days after the deadline. Program Deadlines Proposals must be received at NSF by June 1 and December 1 each year.

The Networking Research Program may announce a separate call for proposals for Special Areas of Opportunity. Deadlines for proposals for Special Areas of Opportunity will be announced on the NSF web page ( Merit Review Process In evaluating proposals, special consideration will be given to proposals that include innovative research ideas that potentially lead to revolutionary or paradigm-shifting approaches to networking. In order to encourage such proposals, a significant portion of the program funds will be reserved for truly innovative, paradigm-shifting projects. In addition, proposals that are submitted in response to this program solicitation will be subject to the NEW merit review criteria approved by the National Science Board on March 28, 1997 (NSB 97-72). The new merit review criteria are: What is the intellectual merit and quality of the proposed activity? The following are suggested questions that the reviewer will consider in assessing how well the proposal meets this criterion. Each reviewer will address only those questions which he/she considers relevant to the proposal and for which he/she is qualified to make judgments. * How important is the proposed activity to advancing knowledge and understanding within its own field and across different fields? How well qualified is the proposer (individual or team) to conduct the project? (If appropriate, the reviewer will comment on the quality of prior work.) To what extent does the proposed activity suggest and explore creative and original concepts? How well conceived and organized is the proposed activity? Is there sufficient access to resources? What are the broader impacts of the proposed activity? The following are suggested questions that the reviewer will consider in assessing how well the proposal meets this criterion. Each reviewer will address only those questions which he/she considers relevant to the proposal and for which he/she is qualified to make judgments. * How well does the activity advance discovery and understanding while promoting teaching, training, and learning? How well does the proposed activity broaden the participation of underrepresented groups (e.g., gender, ethnicity, geographic, etc.)? To what extent will it enhance the infrastructure for research and education, such as facilities, instrumentation, networks, and partnerships? Will the results be disseminated broadly to enhance scientific and technological understanding? What may be the benefits of the proposed activity to society? A summary rating and accompanying narrative will be completed and signed by each reviewer. In all cases, reviews are treated as confidential documents. Verbatim copies of reviews, excluding the names of the reviewers, are mailed to the PI/PD by the Program Director. In addition, the proposer will receive an explanation of the decision to award or decline funding. Awards

The Networking Research Program expects to recommend awards with durations of approximately three years. Budgets for awards should match the scope of the project, but are expected to typically range from $60,000 through $250,000 a year for three years, although not necessarily at uniform levels each year. Grant Administration Grants awarded as a result of this program announcement will be administered in accordance with the terms and conditions of NSF GC-1, "Grant General Conditions," or FDP-III, "Federal Demonstration Partnership General Terms and Conditions," depending on the grantee organization. Copies of these documents are available at no cost from the NSF Publications Clearinghouse, phone (301) 947-2722, or via e-mail They are also available at the NSF web site at More comprehensive information is contained in the NSF Grant Policy Manual (GPM) (NSF 95-26) effective October 1, 1995. The complete text of the GPM is now available on the NSF web ( Various Activities in the Networking Research Program and Other NSF Programs Various Activities in the Networking Research Program In addition to funding regular proposals, the Networking Research Program also supports networking research through a variety of activities listed below. Proposal submission deadlines for the following activities are same as regular proposals (i.e., June 1 and December 1) unless otherwise stated in their respective program announcements. Faculty Early Career Development (CAREER) Awards This activity supports faculty members who are at their early academic careers and dedicated to research and education of the highest quality. Please refer to the CAREER program announcement (NSF 98-103) for details. The proposal submission deadline differs from year to year. Small Grants for Exploratory Research (SGER) Initiative This activity supports small-scale, exploratory, high-risk research in networking. The project's duration is normally one year, and the award size is expected to be less than the average of regular proposals. Please refer to the NSF Grant Proposal Guide (NSF 99-2) for details. Grant Opportunities for Academia Liaison with Industry (GOALI) Initiative This activity supports university-industry partnerships in networking research by making funds available to support an eclectic mix of industry-university linkages. Please refer to the GOALI initiative announcement (NSF 98-142) for details. Research in Undergraduate Institutions (RUI) Initiative This activity supports high quality networking research by faculty with active involvement of undergraduate students, strengthens the networking research environment in academic departments that are oriented primarily toward undergraduate instructions, and promotes the integration of networking research and education at predominantly undergraduate institutions. Please refer to the RUI announcement (NSF 94-79<a/) for details. Research Opportunity Awards This activity supports a faculty member at an organization with limited research opportunities to work with a PI at another organization who holds or is applying for a NSF research grant. Please refer to the NSF Grant Proposal Guide (NSF 99-2) for details.

Research Experiences for Undergraduates (REU) Initiative This activity supports training of undergraduate students for networking research. NSF is particularly interested in increasing the participation in networking research of women, minorities and persons with disabilities. REU projects are encouraged to involve students who are members of these groups. Please refer to the REU announcement (NSF 96-102) for details. Conference/Symposia/Workshop Support This activity supports conferences, symposia and workshops to bring together researchers from academia, industry and/or government to address state-of-the art research in networking and/or to create agendas for networking research. Please see the NSF Grant Proposal Guide (NSF 99-2) for details. Conference/symposia/workshop support proposals are accepted at any time. Other NSF Programs Within the Advanced Networking Infrastructure and Research (ANIR) Division, the Special Projects in Networking Research Program and the Internet Technologies activity also support networking research. The Special Projects in Networking Research Program supports large scale networking projects, which may include interdisciplinary elements; the Internet activity of the ANIR's Advanced Networking Infrastructure Program supports projects with strong experimental focus to enhance knowledge in unresolved Internet-related areas of discovery and development. Please refer to their respective program announcements (NSF 98-120 and NSF 98-104) for details. Program announcements are also available on the NSF web page at The Communications Research Program in the Computing Communications Research (C-CR) Division supports communications research including research that addresses the interface of communication systems with networking systems. Please refer to the program announcement (under revision) for details. Other programs that may be of interest to networking researchers include the following: Professional Opportunities for Women in Research and Education, Research Infrastructure, Research Instrumentation, Experimental Software Systems, Educational Innovation, Postdoctoral Research Associateships, Experimental Systems in the Division of Experimental and Integrative Activities. Computer Systems Architecture, Software Engineering, Software Systems, Communications, Signal Processing Systems in the Division of Computer-Communications Research. Information and Data Management, Human Computer Interaction in the Division of Information and Intelligent Systems. Please refer to the NSF web page (http:\\ for more details about the above programs. General Information The National Science Foundation (NSF) funds research and education in most fields of science and engineering. Grantees are wholly responsible for conducting their project activities and preparing the results for publication. Thus, the Foundation does not assume responsibility for such findings or their interpretation.

NSF welcomes proposals from all qualified scientists, engineers and educators. The Foundation strongly encourages women, minorities, and persons with disabilities to compete fully in its programs. In accordance with federal statutes, regulations, and NSF policies, no person on grounds of race, color, age, sex, national origin, or disability shall be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any program or activity receiving financial assistance from NSF (unless otherwise specified in the eligibility requirements for a particular program). Facilitation Awards for Scientists and Engineers with Disabilities (FASED) provide funding for special assistance or equipment to enable persons with disabilities (investigators and other staff, including student research assistants) to work on NSF-supported projects. See the program announcement or contact the program coordinator at (703) 306-1636. The National Science Foundation has Telephonic Device for the Deaf (TDD) and Federal Information Relay Service (FIRS) capabilities that enable individuals with hearing impairments to communicate with the Foundation regarding NSF programs, employment, or general information. TDD may be accessed at (703) 306-0090 or through FIRS on 1-800-877-8339. PRIVACY ACT AND PUBLIC BURDEN STATEMENTS The information requested on proposal forms and project reports is solicited under the authority of the National Science Foundation Act of 1950, as amended. The information on proposal forms will be used in connection with the selection of qualified proposals; project reports submitted by awardees will be used for program evaluation and reporting within the Executive Branch and to Congress. The information requested may be disclosed to qualified reviewers and staff assistants as part of the review process; to applicant institutions/grantees to provide or obtain data regarding the proposal review process, award decisions, or the administration of awards; to government contractors, experts, volunteers and researchers and educators as necessary to complete assigned work; to other government agencies needing information as part of the review process or in order to coordinate programs; and to another Federal agency, court or party in a court or Federal administrative proceeding if the government is a party. Information about Principal Investigators may be added to the Reviewer file and used to select potential candidates to serve as peer reviewers or advisory committee members. See Systems of Records, NSF-50, "Principal Investigator/Proposal File and Associated Records," 63 Federal Register 267 (January 5, 1998), and NSF-51, "Reviewer/Proposal File and Associated Records," 63 Federal Register 268 (January 5, 1998). Submission of the information is voluntary. Failure to provide full and complete information, however, may reduce the possibility of receiving an award. Public reporting burden for this collection of information is estimated to average 120 hours per response, including the time for reviewing instructions. Send comments regarding this burden estimate and any other aspect of this collection of information, including suggestions for reducing this burden, to: Reports Clearance Officer; Information Dissemination Branch, DAS; National Science Foundation; Arlington, VA 22230. YEAR 2000 REMINDER In accordance with Important Notice No. 120 dated June 27, 1997, Subject: Year 2000 Computer Problem, NSF awardees are reminded of their responsibility to take appropriate actions to ensure that the NSF activity being supported is

not adversely affected by the Year 2000 problem. Potentially affected items include: computer systems, databases, and equipment. The National Science Foundation should be notified if an awardee concludes that the Year 2000 will have a significant impact on its ability to carry out an NSF funded activity. Information concerning Year 2000 activities can be found on the NSF web site at OMB# 3145-0058 P.T. 18, 36; and K.W. 1004000, 1004001, 0901011, 1014001,1004043, 1004052, 1004055, 1004058, 1004063, 1004109, 1004200, 1004220, 1004275, 1004655, 1004210, 1004265 NSF 98-164 (Replaces NSF 89-110)