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Project:Pre-Feasibility Studies & Priority Ranking of 22 Small/Medium Dam Sites and Feasibility Study of 10 Small/Medium

Dams and Related Structures in Faryab, Jawzjan, Saripul, Balkh and Samangan Provinces

8.0
8.1

INITIAL ENVIRONMENTAL EXAMINATION (IEE)
INTRODUCTION

The Ministry of Energy and Water (MEW) of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan is intending to utilise resources available under the World Bank-funded Emergency Irrigation Rehabilitation Project (EIRP) The water resources schemes being targeted under the project are small to medium dams, supplying nearby irrigable areas and provision of other water resources infrastructure such as micro or mini-hydro facilities. The government strategies behind such activities are to develop long term strategy to manage water resources which will in turn help in increasing availability and reliability of water supplies, improving water use efficiency, eliminating unsustainable land use practices, expanding the irrigated command area and increasing sustainable agricultural production in Afghanistan. This IEE has been prepared as part of Pre-Feasibility Studies &Priority Ranking of 22 Small/Medium Dam Sites in Faryab, Jawzjan, Saripul, Balkh and Samangan Provinces. The IEE at this pre-feasibility stage addresses the subjective environmental impacts due to construction of the proposed project and also the environmental management and monitoring aspects relating to project implementation. The project proponent is Ministry of Energy and Water (MEW).

8.2

PROJECT LOCATION

The proposed project,sites are located in the northern part of the Afghanistan covering five provinces namely, Faryab, Jawzjan, Saripul, Balkh and Samangan province.. The list of the site along with other details such as province, latitude, longitude, village name and district are given in the table 8.1.. It can be seen that out of 22 project sites 10 sites lie in Samangan province, five sites in Faryab province, two in Balkh province, three in Saripul province and two in Jawzjan province. The elevation of the project sites range from less than 500 m to more than 2500 m aMSL

Chapter-8 : IEE

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WRD, WAPCOS Limited

March-2012

Project:Pre-Feasibility Studies & Priority Ranking of 22 Small/Medium Dam Sites and Feasibility Study of 10 Small/Medium Dams and Related Structures in Faryab, Jawzjan, Saripul, Balkh and Samangan Provinces

S.N. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

Name of Proposed Dam Shamar Quran dara

Province

District

Village

Latitude

Longtitude

Samangan Aybeek center Shalaktu Samangan Hazrat Sultan Sharik yar

36º 14' 5.7" 68º 13' 19" 36º 25' 21" 68º 9' 34.5"

BatoBaba(Quchan Samangan Dar-e- Yousif dara ) Chashma Dara Samangan Firoz Naghjir Shiraba Dam Masjet Sabz Gudara Dam Pascha Dam Shakrak Sar-e-Pul Sar-e-Pul Sar-e-Pul Balkh Faryab Faryab Faryab Jozjan Jozjan Center Sang charak Center Char Kant Kohistanat Qaisar Qaisar Darz Ab Fayz Abad

Mahadun Tur 36º 13' 42.8" 68º 4' 36.8" 36º 29' 39.5" 67º 40' 26" 36º 08' 33" Masjet Sabz 35º 50' 49" 66º 09' 5" 66º 19' 30"

35º 49' 43.8" 66º 22' 57.3" 36º 20' 37.9" 67º 26' 19.9" Bandar Nareen 35º 19' 38" 64º 34' 45.1" 35º 47' 23" 64º 20' 38" 38' 22") 21' 55") 35º 35' 20.5" 64º 15' 17.1" 36º 0' 13.8" 65º 21' 52.5" 36º 29' 33" Mahadun Tur 36º 0' 26" Nawaz ah wa 35º 43' 50" royai 35º 36' 53" Shadyan Pasha Dara Daraghzi Qarghana Royee 35º 53' 09" 35º 49' 34" 35º 33' 0" 35º 45' 08" 66º 20' 42" 67º 35' 7.4" 68º 2' 5.24" 67º 7' 54.6" 64º 48' 30" 64º 51' 54" 68º 0' 24" 67º 53' 0" 67º 56' 48"

10 Yati Quluq 11 Toi Mast Dam 12 Darz Aab Dam 13 Fayz Abad Dam 14 Shah Abdullah 15 Anbar 16 Jahil Kala 17 Tangi Shadyan 18 Pasha Dara 19 Dahane Dara 20 Kol e Rehmat 21 Dara e Negaar 22 Ab e Keli

Samangan Dar-e- Yousif Samangan Royia dow Aab Samangan Upper Dar-eSof Balkh Mazar Faryab Faryab Pashtoon Kot Pashtoon Kot

36º 34' 6.3" 67º 8' 31"

Samangan Royee Doad Samangan Royee Doad Samangan Khuram & Sarbagh

Cloor e Baala 35º 52' 22"

Table 81: Location Details of 22 identified dam sites for PFR and/or FR study

Chapter-8 : IEE

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WRD, WAPCOS Limited

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Project:Pre-Feasibility Studies & Priority Ranking of 22 Small/Medium Dam Sites and Feasibility Study of 10 Small/Medium Dams and Related Structures in Faryab, Jawzjan, Saripul, Balkh and Samangan Provinces

8.3 OBJECTIVES
The Phase 1 of assignment is aimed to formulate 22 water resources schemes comprising small to medium dams, diversion works based on pre-feasibility grading studies and investigations. These schemes are to be evaluated on a common basis using criteria that are to be evolved by the Consultant in consultation with water management department, Islamic Republic of Afghanistan (IRA) and with approval of the Ministry of Energy and Water (MEW), IRA. This preliminary assessment will target schemes which are superior technically and easy to implement, which give better returns and have minimal environmental and social impacts. In the second phase, at the feasibility level, Environmental and Social Assessment (ESA) will be carried out for the 10 most technically suited schemes. The brief scope of work is given below:

• • •

Review of available reports, maps and other existing literature Undertake an Initial Environmental Examination and an Initial Social Assessment to rank the 22 potential sites, at prefeasibility level Carry out the Environmental and Social Assessment, at the feasibility stage, for the 10 most technically suited sites

The main objective of the IEE is to identify the likely impacts, both positive and negative on the environment caused due to implementation of the proposed schemes. The basic objective is to minimize the negative environmental and social impacts of such development. In order to achieve this objective, all negative impacts have to be mitigated and the costs of doing so should be included in the economic analysis of the project.
Chapter-8 : IEE 8-3 WRD, WAPCOS Limited

March-2012

4 METHODOLOGY FOR IEE The IEE has been prepared following the methodology laid down in the Environmental and Social Management Framework (ESMF) prepared for the Irrigation Restoration and Development (IRD) Project of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan. The data from the following disciplines were reviewed and incorporated into this study. and discussions with the National Environmental Protection Agency (NEPA) and MEW. IRA. construction and operation phases of the project. Saripul.Geology -Seismology -Hydrology -Sociology Chapter-8 : IEE 8-4 WRD. .Climate . WB Guidelines. This report covers the description of existing environmental conditions. This IEE was prepared based on reconnaissance field visit and review of secondary data. Balkh and Samangan Provinces 8. This IEE Study is the result of an intensive inter-disciplinary effort. subjective assessment of impacts caused by the project. WAPCOS Limited March-2012 . Jawzjan.Project:Pre-Feasibility Studies & Priority Ranking of 22 Small/Medium Dam Sites and Feasibility Study of 10 Small/Medium Dams and Related Structures in Faryab. The environmental impacts were considered for activities that are expected to take place during pre-construction. recommended mitigation measures and monitoring plan for the Important Environmental Components (IECs). The experiences of other studies in preparing IEE documentation have also been reviewed. Law on the Protection of Nature of the Government of Afghanistan.

Otherwise. LEGAL AND REGULATORY FRAMEWORK The National Environmental Protection Agency (NEPA) is the prime environmental regulatory and approval authority in Afghanistan . plan. public participation in the assessment process and etc. description of the activities.with or without conditions the project. NEPA may require the proponents to submit a detailed environmental impact statement including a comprehensive mitigation plan for its review and approval. Balkh and Samangan Provinces 8. After reviewing the preliminary assessment. (ii) advise the applicant in writing to review Chapter-8 : IEE 8-5 WRD. primarily of non-irreversible nature. plan. policy or activity. Jawzjan. WAPCOS Limited March-2012 . NEPA can either authorize . policy or activity must submit to NEPA a preliminary Environmental Assessment. which comprises activities with potentially adverse..e. 8. The documents should be meeting the agency is required technical guidelines for the screening report. in order to allow NEPA to determine the associated potential adverse effects and possible impacts. with or without conditions. provided that the potential adverse effects of the proposed activities on the environment are unlikely to be significant.Project:Pre-Feasibility Studies & Priority Ranking of 22 Small/Medium Dam Sites and Feasibility Study of 10 Small/Medium Dams and Related Structures in Faryab.4. site specific impacts. The Act under which NEPA was established specifies that the proponents of any project. Once the application form and other relevant documents are submitted to NEPA according to the agency EIA regulation NEPA would: (i) issue a Certificate of Compliance. completion of Rapid Environmental Assessment (REA) to identify potential impacts and their sources and the relevant mitigation measures. i.1 The Environment Law and the EIA Regulation for IRDP project It is envisaged that all subprojects and activities of the IRD project fall under Category 2.4 POLICY. Saripul. The Afghan EIA Regulation requires for Category 2 that the project proponent and owner should submit an application form and a screening report to NEPA.It was constituted in 2005.

wetlands. 8.4.2 Environmental Policies. forests. The Project components shall be in accordance with the environmental requirements of the Government of Afghanistan & World Bank Guidelines This IEE is prepared in accordance with the guidelines laid down in the ESMF prepared for the IRD Project of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan.g.Project:Pre-Feasibility Studies & Priority Ranking of 22 Small/Medium Dam Sites and Feasibility Study of 10 Small/Medium Dams and Related Structures in Faryab. The EIA regulations are silent on NEPA rules during implementation of the activities and projects. Saripul. Jawzjan. grasslands and other natural habitats) are less adverse than those of Category 1 projects. These impacts are site specific. WAPCOS Limited March-2012 . The NEPA of Afghanistan is the responsible agency to give environmental clearance for various development projects. or unprecedented. and affects an area broader than the sites or facilities subject to physical works. Balkh and Samangan Provinces the technical reports and address the concern of NEPA. According to the EIA regulation NEPA would grant a Certificate of Compliance or would refuse to do so and provide written reasons for the refusal to the applicant. The National Environmental Impact Assessment Policy of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan and WB Guidelines. Relevant Government environmental legislative documents are as follows: -Water Law 2009 -Environmental Law 2007 -National Environmental Impact Assessment Policy 2007 -The Law on Land Expropriation 2005 Chapter-8 : IEE 8-6 WRD. Laws and Regulations: The National Environmental Impact Assessment Policy 2007 of IRA indicates that a project is classified Category 1 if it is likely to have significant adverse environmental impacts that are sensitive. and few are irreversible. diverse. A project is classified as Category 2 if its potential adverse environmental impacts on human populations or environmentally sensitive areas (e.

01 4.36 4. PROJECT BENEFITS-ENVIRONMENTAL CONSIDERATIONS The major benefit associated with the construction of The Proposed Project is the availability of a more reliable water supply for irrigation.hydropower and domestic uses in the project area.5. rules and guidelines. These projects include most of those having large population displacement impacts.4. 2004 The -Law on Pasture and Public Land 2000 The IEE have been prepared considering these policies.37 Environmental Assessment Natural Habitats Water Resources Management Forestry Dam Safety 8. Saripul. Balkh and Samangan Provinces -Law on the Preservation of Afghanistan’s Historical and Cultural Heritage. As the present study is a prefeasibility level investigation. 8.07 4.01 “Environmental Assessment” of January 1999 indicates the kind of projects which are categorized as “A” projects and for which a full environmental assessment (EA) is required.04 4. WAPCOS Limited March-2012 . an IEE is prepared.3 World Bank Guidelines The World Bank‘s OD 4. Category “B” projects do not require a full EA but do require some environmental analysis. The dam will create a reservoir which may be used for fishery and enhance the potential for increased agricultural production in the area Chapter-8 : IEE 8-7 WRD. Jawzjan.Project:Pre-Feasibility Studies & Priority Ranking of 22 Small/Medium Dam Sites and Feasibility Study of 10 Small/Medium Dams and Related Structures in Faryab. The sections most relevant to Environmental Assessment have been reviewed for the present study: OP/BP OP/BP OP OP/BP OP 4.

Climate The climate of the project area is dry and temperate.6 DESCRIPTION OF THE ENVIRONMENT 8. The deposit consists of sub-rounded to rounded cobbles. The hill slopes are stable and free of any major geological disturbances. Winter temperatures are low Chapter-8 : IEE 8-8 WRD. Saripul. northeastern and southeastern parts of the country are characterized to have a high to very high seismic risk. Soil and Geological Characteristics The river valley is covered with flood plain deposit of thickness 1 m.6. mountains. stabilize irrigation systems in these district. while the western and central parts have a low to moderate seismic risk.1 Physical Environment Topography Mountains dominate in the project area.Project:Pre-Feasibility Studies & Priority Ranking of 22 Small/Medium Dam Sites and Feasibility Study of 10 Small/Medium Dams and Related Structures in Faryab. and overall biodiversity in the project impact area. The Machalgho dam site is located in the high hazard zone to the very high hazard zone according to the seismic hazard map of the country. The Project will improve terrestrial and aquatic ecology. Seismology The northern. Balkh and Samangan Provinces downstream of the reservoir. The topography is characterized by valleys. pebbles and gravel of various igneous and sedimentary rocks in the matrix of sand and silt. Jawzjan. WAPCOS Limited March-2012 . the objectives are to improve living conditions and quality of life and to reduce poverty among people living in rural areas where water availability and access to water are matter of serious concerns. In addition.1). 8. The project will result in reduced risk of water-borne diseases with the better access to adequate potable water supply in the area. valley margins which are insignificantly vegetative with alluvial deposits draining from the river. Some boulders are deposited along the flood plain (photo 3. The Project will help the district to develop effective and sustainable management of irrigation and to ensure reliable distribution of water.

annual maximum monthly mean temperature is 10. a dam has been proposed across the Mechalghu River near Wach Sakh Kala village. The catchment area of the river at the point of diversion is about 66.8 26.1 16.2 4.2 Table 8.51 42.7 3.2: Climatic Condition of the Gardesh (Average of 2004-07) Month T max oC -0.2 1.5 57.4 -1.6 0.26 30.13 M cu m.87 62. To facilitate the augmentation of water.5 76.6 2 4.2 Rainfall mm 22.6 17.6 22.5 0.05 80.2 5.9˚ C and the minimum is -1.8 33.6 -10.5 39. The level of water in the rivers oscillates greatly.25 cumec).4 Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Mean\Total Annual rainfall of the project area is observed to be 362 mm.27 48.63 58.8 6.9 Relative Humidity % 77. Balkh and Samangan Provinces and the temperature can go below -15˚C for many weeks during winter. Chapter-8 : IEE 8-9 WRD.1 T mean oC -12.5 -9 -2.3 12.4 12.9 T min oC -24.6 11 16.4 24.65 13.7 2.53 28.2 0 10.1 7.4 Noise No noise monitoring data is available in the project area and it is expected that noise quality will conform to international noise standards with low background noise level.6 cumec) and the lowest flow is observed in January (1. In the project area. 3.1 46. Jawzjan.7 9 12.6 -2. WAPCOS Limited March-2012 .1˚C.65 16.8 52.85 km2.8 6. The highest flow is in April and May (3.1 10.8 2. Climate profile of the nearby Gardez meteorological station is given in Table 8. Three-fourth rainfall of the annual rainfall is occurred in the first half of the year (January to June) Hydrology The main source of water in the project area is Mechalghu River.4 13.64 24. The average dependable flows are 13.2 -5 -20.6 -2.4 8.37 33.3 17.4 42.9 19 14.2 362.3-5. 70% of the flow is observed in the month of March – July.3 71. Saripul.Project:Pre-Feasibility Studies & Priority Ranking of 22 Small/Medium Dam Sites and Feasibility Study of 10 Small/Medium Dams and Related Structures in Faryab.

is the main source of noise level. generators. community noise levels are often measured by the Day-Night Average Sound Level (Ldn).m. front loaders. the increase is just barely perceptible to humans. High noise levels can interfere with communication. and. Saripul. a 10 dB penalty is added to noise between 10 p.1 Construction lmpacts Dam construction would require equipment for excavation. WAPCOS Limited March-2012 . which is an average of noise in a 24-hour period. which is low in volume. loud noises between 10 p. and disrupt concentration. In general. Thus.2.2 Environmental Consequences 3. the Sound Pressure Level from an outdoor noise source radiates out from the source. In the United States. 68 dB at 200 feet.4.m. 3. a noise measured at 80 dB 50 feet away from the source will be 74 dB at 100 feet.4. Therefore. and dump trucks. and pumps.4. Due to its logarithmic scale. Noise Chapter-8 : IEE 8-10 WRD. Noise is measured logarithmically in decibels (dB). it sounds as if the noise level has doubled. Often sound is measured as "Aweighted.m. compressors. Balkh and Samangan Provinces The field visit also reveals that vehicular traffic. 3. are normally considered more annoying than loud noises during the day." this filters out low frequency sounds which humans are unable to hear and is more indicative of the noise people actually hear.Project:Pre-Feasibility Studies & Priority Ranking of 22 Small/Medium Dam Sites and Feasibility Study of 10 Small/Medium Dams and Related Structures in Faryab. materials-handling equipment. damage hearing. if a noise increases by 10 dB. decreasing 6 dB per doubling of distance. 2007 Due to the potential for sleep disruption. and 7 a.m. however. Jawzjan. and 7 a. If a noise increases by 3 dB. cause sleep deprivation. Mazar-e-Sharif Environmental Assessment March 29. such as backhoes.1 Affected Environment The area surrounding the site is rural. and 62 dB at 400 feet. bulldozers. such as cement mixers and cranes. there is a goal of 55 dB for Ldn in outdoor spaces.

ventilation. Sound attenuation baffles can be installed on the cooling air inlet and outlet. WAPCOS Limited March-2012 .2 Environmental Consequences Chapter-8 : IEE 8-11 WRD. however. intake.000 feet. Jawzjan. and the amount of increased traffic. 3.2. However.5. Noise barriers and air intake silencers can provide significant noise reduction. generator operation also may decrease. use of noise control devices. generator use and increased traffic will contribute to noise levels. which would be equivalent to 57 to 69 dBA at 1. enclosure and mounting. Saripul.1 Affected Environment Mazar-e-Sharif and Balkh Province have a long history of human occupation. operational noise from the dam is of no concern. 1994). 3. In addition. When power demands drop. number of employees. construction noise from the dam is of no concern. Construction is expected to temporarily increase noise levels in the vicinity. given the distance to the nearest homes.2 Operational lmpacts Dam construction and development would generally increase noise levels. Given the distance to the nearest homes. This increase would depend on many factors. Construction activities would also increase traffic on local roads. 1994).Project:Pre-Feasibility Studies & Priority Ranking of 22 Small/Medium Dam Sites and Feasibility Study of 10 Small/Medium Dams and Related Structures in Faryab. Mitigation Measure: Project engineers will examine several approaches to cutting generator noise. There is. no record of the site hosting cultural or historical resources. 3. Another possible approach to reducing noise is limiting the hours of operation.4. Large trucks would produce noise levels around 89 dBA at 30 feet (Cowan.5 Cultural and Historical Resources 3.5. including size of the park. types of facilities. which is equivalent to 77 dBA at 120 feet. Balkh and Samangan Provinces generated from this type of equipment would range from 87 to 99 dBA at 30 feet (Cowan. Noise also can be cut through modifications to a generator's exhaust.

so that possibility of lead pollution along the road is negligible. it can be concluded that the air quality in the project area is generally good and does not contain any materials harmful to the environment. WAPCOS Limited March-2012 . 3. As all the dams will be situated in the rural areas having no major industry and other air polluting object in the surroundings. the only reliable means to assess the air quality in the project area is the clear visibility of the surrounding area. However. As a result.6 Air Quality Afghanistan has not yet established its ambient air quality standard. Saripul. Apart from wind borne dust during dust storms. air pollution in urban areas is visible and may pose health issues. Dust from the unpaved roads is the major source of air pollution in rural areas. unleaded petrol is sold in Afghanistan. and household energy often relies on burning wood and other materials. Balkh and Samangan Provinces Cultural and historical resources should not be affected by construction of the proposed dam. The project area is not characterized by any formal or informal industrial activities to Chapter-8 : IEE 8-12 WRD. Most vehicles run on diesel fuel. air pollution does not constitute a major problem in the study area but its reliance on inexpensive energy has created some issues. In the absence of site specific air quality data. ambient air quality in the project area is likely to be good based on the following characteristics: (i) all the dam sites will be situated in the rural areas or barren lands (ii) there are no industrial activities existing in the project area. .Project:Pre-Feasibility Studies & Priority Ranking of 22 Small/Medium Dam Sites and Feasibility Study of 10 Small/Medium Dams and Related Structures in Faryab. There were no data available on ambient air quality of this area. There is hardly movement of 1 or 2 vehicle in a day on this project road because it is cart road and this is situated in rural area. The major factors affecting the air quality in the Project area are dust emissions from fuel combustion and brick kilns. Presently. Jawzjan.

Climate factors can affect air quality. D. The highest concentrations were detected in Mazar-e-Sharif. March and April are the wettest months at roughly 40 millimeters/month. the project team can use reasonable precautions to prevent fugitive dust emissions.. 3. and increased traffic during construction would cause some minor and temporary air quality issues.1 Affected Environment A 2004 article highlighted some of the growing air pollution problems affecting Afghanistan (Saba.2 Environmental Consequences Temporary and intermittent air quality impacts would be associated with site preparation and construction activities. April 2004). 3. WAPCOS Limited March-2012 . Air pollution from construction equipment. Within the project areas there are no industries. averaging 0 millimeters/month. Benzo-apyrene is one of the pollutants detected and is believed to increase risk of lung cancer. but smog and heavy concentrations of airborne particulates are common phenomenon in the project influence area due to dust.7 Water Quality Chapter-8 : IEE 8-13 WRD. Earlier.6 Nglm3. fugitive dust emissions from operation of this equipment during dry conditions. Saripul. The average monthly air temperature ranges from 39°F in January to 90°F in July. In the project area. Jawzjan.6.6. 3. where analyses show 13. The World Health Organization (WHO) average values for urban areas range from 1 to 10 Nglm3. the January 2003 UNEP PostConflict Environment Assessment Report carried out air sampling at Mazar-eSharif and other sites in Afghanistan. so air quality is considered relatively clean.Project:Pre-Feasibility Studies & Priority Ranking of 22 Small/Medium Dam Sites and Feasibility Study of 10 Small/Medium Dams and Related Structures in Faryab. results indicate high amounts of dust and concentrations of polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). Balkh and Samangan Provinces create considerable air pollution. At all sites. The month of August is the driest. However.

standards and laws. WAPCOS Limited March-2012 . internationally recognized codes. UNEP has reported that there is a considerable need to extend the city's supply network. standards.7.7. Most of the population in these districts uses water from irrigation canals as a drinking water supply.I Surface Water Mazar-e-Sharif is located in between the Rud Khana-e Shahi (Shahi River) and the Balkh River. Chimtal Shoortipa. Sholagra.1. When codes and standards are in conflict.7.7. Balkh and Samangan Provinces There is no water quality data is available in project area.1 . Daulatabad. 3. In some areas. Balkh province consists of Balkh. Nahri Shahi. Further. Extending the network will require identifying groundwater resources of proper quality and quantity. 3. Any site work on infrastructure will be consistent with applicable codes and standards. water is supplied through shallow and deep groundwater wells. Saripul. makes it independent of other water sources of the region. The Balkh river.1 Affected Environment 3. ongoing studies by several international organizations should increase the knowledge of geology and groundwater resources throughout Mazar-e-Sharif and Afghanistan.Project:Pre-Feasibility Studies & Priority Ranking of 22 Small/Medium Dam Sites and Feasibility Study of 10 Small/Medium Dams and Related Structures in Faryab. all work shall be designed and constructed to meet all Afghanistan codes. Charbulak. A World Bank project is expected to reconstruct and rehabilitate the existing network only. 3. Jawzjan. which complicates groundwater resource management.2 Groundwater There is a general lack of understanding about the underlying geologic conditions in the Mazar-e-Sharif region. with its 18 tributaries. the most stringent shall apply. In the absence of Afghanistan codes. While available information is limited.2 Environmental Consequences Air Quality Chapter-8 : IEE 8-14 WRD. Charkent and Mazar-e-Sharif districts. and laws shall be used. standards and laws.

sub alpine and alpine vegetation etc.000 m.900 and 3. forming a mixed forest of spruce (picea smithiana). formation of pistachio and almond trees (here pistacia atlanticao between ca. 1.800 meters) Aquatic Species and Fisheries Aquatic species in the river are mainly crab. water snake etc. baloot.Project:Pre-Feasibility Studies & Priority Ranking of 22 Small/Medium Dam Sites and Feasibility Study of 10 Small/Medium Dams and Related Structures in Faryab. when annual precipitations exceed 800 mm. there are nothing but conifers. The following vegetation is common in project influence area Above 1.300 m there are evergreen oaks. covering the westernmost part of the Himalayan forests. however.200 and 1. Between 2. among the driest exposures. Between 2. The project area is characterized by coniferous forest.700 m. which grows in the wettest exposures. Pincer and Lizard Amphibians: From. detail survey will be needed at feasibility level to assess the fishery resources in the river. no fish species are identified during the reconnaissance visit. semicarpifolia. In the project area. which from a height of 2. starts with pinus gerardiana. Jawzjan.400 and 2. the eastern varieties of Mediterranean forms: quercus baloot (up to 2. The level of coniferous forests. Saripul.400 m). Scorpion. quercus dilatata (ca. mixes with the Q.000-2.6. fir (abies webbiana) and pine (pinus wallichiana). Balkh and Samangan Provinces 8. Other species are Pistachio and Archa. Turtle. Wildlife Wildlife of the area identified during the reconnaissance survey may be summarized as below Reptiles: Snake. Water Snakes Chapter-8 : IEE 8-15 WRD. WAPCOS Limited March-2012 . quercus semicarpifolia (up to about 2.Paktia is one of the forest rich zones of the Afghanistan.000-2. Spider.300 m).2 Ecological Resources in Project Area Terrestrial Flora Project province .900m). frog.300 m. 2. the main trees are cedars (cedrus deodora) mixed with Q.

In the Project area there are no protected. In 1977 the Afghan Government established a Germ Plasm Unit in the Darul-Aman Research Station. Kabul. mouse. and the condition of these rare species will be assessed during feasibility stage for required mitigation measures. Wolf. the entire establishment was destroyed during the conflict era from 1992 to 1995. Historical \ Archeological Sites There is no any monument or archeological \ historical sites in the project influence area of the Mechalghu Dam Project. Saripul. Protected Areas Afghanistan’s biodiversity is similar to that of Middle East and Central Asia. Over 120 mammal species are found in Afghanistan. Wild Hen. Lark.9 Ecology 3. Jawzjan. Birds: Crow. Hawk. Swallow. Chapter-8 : IEE 8-16 WRD. sicken. Some species have been categorized as threatened by the World Conservation Union (IUCN). 3. The most seriously endangered are the goitered gazelle.9. Andalif. some rabbit species. sensitive or designated sites as such from the point of view of protected areas. Falcon. markor goat. Balkh and Samangan Provinces Mammals: Wolf. Conservation of genetic resources in the country was matter of high priority before the war. pigeon. leopard. Dear. Sicken. turtle species. if needed. foxes. Nightingale. snow leopard. However. the Asiatic black bear. and Bactrian deer. A more detailed discussion can be found in Appendix B.1 Affected Environment Afghanistan is home to a wide variety of plant and animal life. and pincer are among rare species. Foxes. Duck. Rabbit. hawk. falcon. WAPCOS Limited March-2012 . 1978) Zadaran National Reserved is one of the proposed protected areas located in the south-east part of the Paktia but it is not under the project influence zone but at a distance of around 40 km from the project dam site.Project:Pre-Feasibility Studies & Priority Ranking of 22 Small/Medium Dam Sites and Feasibility Study of 10 Small/Medium Dams and Related Structures in Faryab.

Over 450 bird species are found in Afghanistan. which formerly used wetlands in Afghanistan (and Iran) as stopover points during migration between breeding grounds in Russia and the Mazar-e-Sharif Environmental Assessment March 29.2 Environmental Consequences No known threatened or endangered plants have been observed or reported in the area of the proposed site. Balkh Province. Pallas's sea-eagle. The IUCN has categorized the Siberian crane as Critically Endangered. the key resting site is Ab-e-Estada in Gazni Province. white-headed duck. and representative of. 2007 wintering area in India. The plant communities that occur on the site are common to.500-3. Wildlife habitats that occur on the site are common throughout the region. In Afghanistan. marbled teal. No endangered or threatened species were identified on the site.000 birds. Balkh and Samangan Provinces The endangered salamander Batrachuperus mustersi does not occur near this proposed site. This amphibian is found only in streams in the Hindu Kush of Kabul Province.9. Saripul. is divided into three groups. Therefore. Jawzjan. estimated to contain 2. 3. Only a single breeding pair may remain in the central group. No aquatic species occur on the proposed industrial park site. the loss is expected to be insignificant. imperial eagle. Site Chapter-8 : IEE 8-17 WRD. sociable lapwing and the pale-backed pigeon.Project:Pre-Feasibility Studies & Priority Ranking of 22 Small/Medium Dam Sites and Feasibility Study of 10 Small/Medium Dams and Related Structures in Faryab. Species identified as globally threatened are the Siberian crane. It faces an extremely high risk of extinction in the wild. No occurrences of or suitable habitat for threatened or endangered plant species were identified during field inspections of the proposed site. Although construction of the proposed facility would affect some plants. lesser kestrel. corncrake. none of the proposed alternatives are expected to have impacts on threatened or endangered plant species or their habitats. The global population. Field surveys indicate that these vegetation communities are characterized by common and widespread species in Balkh Province that would not be adversely affected by the loss of these populations. greater spotted eagle. WAPCOS Limited March-2012 .

10. Following development. Mazar-e-Sharif Environmental Assessment March 29. many of these species would likely re-colonize in areas surrounding the proposed industrial park. Currently the village members harvest shrubs and grass in the area to use as fuel wood and fodder. The proposed development of the park will not affect any aquatic habitats. managed areas nor recreation opportunities were identified on or in the vicinity of the proposed industrial park site. Saripul. Thus. Wetlands. WAPCOS Limited March-2012 .10. 3. Balkh and Samangan Provinces development would remove some plant habitat and displace wildlife populations that favor these habitats.1 1 Biological Environment The project site is occupied by a very sparse cover of low perennial shrubs (predominantly Artemesia and Acacia species) and scattered annual forbs and grasses.2 Environmental Consequences There are no potential environmental consequences associated with prime farmlands. 2007 3. and Managed Areas and Recreation 3. Site development may result in an increase in populations of animals that favor recently modified habitats. Some might become a "nuisance" in the area. Most species would find refuge in similar habitats adjacent to the site. This practice is in Chapter-8 : IEE 8-18 WRD.Project:Pre-Feasibility Studies & Priority Ranking of 22 Small/Medium Dam Sites and Feasibility Study of 10 Small/Medium Dams and Related Structures in Faryab. wetlands. Jawzjan. 3. prime farmland. implementing BMPs will mitigate any potential concerns.1 Affected Environment Neither wetlands. Further. the proposed project is not expected to result in significant adverse impacts to terrestrial animal populations of the site. managed areas or recreation areas.10 Prime Farmland.

hawk (Baz). a significant decrease in the biodiversity of the area has been noted as a result of many factors including prolonged drought. rams. and snakes. increased population. dogs. crow. Rodents are in fact a problem for many farmers as they destroy the walls of the irrigation canals and structures. hoopoe (hototak). poor land management. crane (kolang). and has resulted in a severely denuded landscape.1 Biodiversity and Threatened or Endangered Species Biological (and “socio-biological”) modification of any environment tends to change the species composition of an ecological community. at one time.3. Wild birds such as cuckoo (fakhta). Jawzjan. there were. Saripul. leopards. Based on conversations with local villager. Afghanistan has prepared a comprehensive draft policy on conservation of species and is embodied in the Environment Act. quail (Budana). pigeon. and canary were also common. rabbit. nightingale (Bulbul).Project:Pre-Feasibility Studies & Priority Ranking of 22 Small/Medium Dam Sites and Feasibility Study of 10 Small/Medium Dams and Related Structures in Faryab. Balkh and Samangan Provinces some cases their only livelihood. WAPCOS Limited March-2012 . horses. conflict. owl. and lack of conservation mechanisms enforced by the government Wildlife and/or Rare/Endangered Species Chapter-8 : IEE 8-19 WRD. wolves. Wildlife mainly consists of smaller animals. However. nanny (wild goat). goose (Qaaz). falcon. including upland songbirds and rodents. 3. foxes. many types of wild animals and birds in the remote areas of Khulm District including deer. The Act has been submitted to the Cabinet for approval. jackasl.

WAPCOS Limited March-2012 . biological concerns can be socioeconomically important. Jawzjan. Many migratory bird species may pass through the region. Saripul. The project site does not provide a resting habitat for Siberian Cranes. the government has not established a national list of threatened and endangered species. Dasht-e Nawar and Ab-i-Estada in southern Afghanistan are among the key sites where Siberian Cranes have been reported to consistently rest during their migration. Chapter-8 : IEE 8-20 WRD.Project:Pre-Feasibility Studies & Priority Ranking of 22 Small/Medium Dam Sites and Feasibility Study of 10 Small/Medium Dams and Related Structures in Faryab. Under such circumstances. or created wetland nutrient filters). traditionally migrated 5000 km southeast from Western Siberian over Afghanistan to their wintering grounds in northeast India. creation or degradation of any habitat features (e. The project site has traditionally provided pasture land for sheep. As previously noted.g. Siberian Cranes. may impact beneficially or adversely on some bird species. Grazing commonly affects plant communities through desertification and introduction of weed species when not carefully managed. Afghanistan adopted the policies of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) in 1985. Balkh and Samangan Provinces Although Afghanistan mandates conservation of endangered species in their Environmental Law. As such. wetland features associated with Khoja Alghar Spring. No protected or endangered species listed by CITES are known to occur or have been reported in the area. The wetlands used by Siberian Cranes is vital to the survival of cranes..

A detailed analysis of the project site for wetlands has not been undertaken. Therefore it is not anticipated that the project will have direct impacts on wetland Chapter-8 : IEE 8-21 WRD. As noted.Project:Pre-Feasibility Studies & Priority Ranking of 22 Small/Medium Dam Sites and Feasibility Study of 10 Small/Medium Dams and Related Structures in Faryab. the project is not likely to adversely affect endangered species. there are no wetlands within the proposed Mazar Foods project area. it is anticipated that wetlands will not be significantly affected and will ultimately be eliminated from further detailed study. However. within. The project has a slight potential to affect the hydrology of wetlands upstream. There are wetlands associated with the Chashma-e-Hayat and Khoja Alghar Springs and riverine ecosystems upstream of the project.3. Forests/Protected Areas There are no forests or protected areas in the vicinity of the canal area. 3. and downstream (if any) of the project site. Jawzjan.2 Proximity to Protected Areas and Forest Resources or Unique or Sensitive Natural Habitat There are no protected areas or sensitive natural habitats in proximity of the project site. Saripul. WAPCOS Limited March-2012 . Based on our field visits to date and conversations with local farmers and government organizations. Balkh and Samangan Provinces Possible biological issues at the site include: • Protection of wetland resources • Changes in land use from grazing to agricultural use • Introduction of weeds and/or insect pests Draft 04Feb08 61 In general. there are wetlands associated with the Khoja Alghar and Chashma-e-Hayat springs and riverine ecosystems upstream of the project.

However. the proximity of the project warrants discussion in the event that project boundaries are modified. Khulm is commonly identified with the ancient town of Aornos on Alexander the Great’s line of march (330-329 B. e. Jawzjan. Later known as Khulm.3. Ttemporary or P-permanent and are presented in a manner that shows magnitude and duration of a particular impact. Saripul. A monitoring program should be implemented to ensure that no adverse indirect impacts occur to wetland systems in the project area. the ruins of which are to the north of present day Khulm.7 SCREENING ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS AND MITIGATION MEASURES In this section. analysis of hydrologic regimes will need to be conducted to ensure that upstream riparian areas are not affected by massive surface water usage and drainage.4 8. as related to design. potential environmental impacts have been assessed according to the magnitude on different environmental resources to project location..Project:Pre-Feasibility Studies & Priority Ranking of 22 Small/Medium Dam Sites and Feasibility Study of 10 Small/Medium Dams and Related Structures in Faryab.C.for insignificant. 3. during construction and regular operation.). WAPCOS Limited March-2012 .for moderate or S.3 Proximity to Sensitive Cultural or Archeological Sites During preliminary site visits. 3. it was destroyed in the mid-16th century.for significant and impact duration such as. Mitigation measures have also been recommended for induced impacts. I.3. M. The impacts describes as. ancient ruins was identified outside the village of Deh Hassan. I/T means the impact is insignificant and is Chapter-8 : IEE 8-22 WRD. Balkh and Samangan Provinces systems. Although this resource is well north of the current project boundary. north of the proposed project boundary.g.

cultural or aesthetic features by inundations Land acquisition Chapter-8 : IEE 0 x 0 None X 0 None X x 8-23 WRD. Environmental and Social Parameters for Tangi Shadiyan (site no. 17) IEE Matrix No Rating of Impact Negative Smal Moderate Impact l _ Actions (IECs) Environmental Recommended Affecting Impacts of or Mitigation Environmental on the Project Measures Resources and Values Major + + + + + - + A.. Saripul. Balkh and Samangan Provinces temporary in nature.3 i.Project:Pre-Feasibility Studies & Priority Ranking of 22 Small/Medium Dam Sites and Feasibility Study of 10 Small/Medium Dams and Related Structures in Faryab. The summary of findings is presented in Table 8. WAPCOS Limited March-2012 .3: Table 8. and realignment of road NIL X X X Loss of agricultural land from flooding Loss of historic. Jawzjan. Environmental Issues related to Project Location Area submerged due to creation of Dam Submergence of human settlements Submergence of roads infrastructure 0 I/P None X Nil X M/P (around 1 km) Adequate compensation to concerned Dept.

dispose wastes in a x Chapter-8 : IEE 8-24 WRD.Project:Pre-Feasibility Studies & Priority Ranking of 22 Small/Medium Dam Sites and Feasibility Study of 10 Small/Medium Dams and Related Structures in Faryab. select appropriate site for location of camps. gabions and boulder placement None X x X Risk of breakage of embankment Seismic effect 0 I/M or? (Unknown effects within Project life) The dam will be designed consistent with internationally accepted standards related to the seismic risk of the area to minimize or prevent damage to the structures during earthquakes x C. Balkh and Samangan Provinces Resettlement of households Loss of wildlife habitat 0 None X x 0 None x B. Saripul. Environmental Issues related to Project Design Bank erosion I/T Provision of toe protection. WAPCOS Limited March-2012 . Environmental Issues during Construction Air and water pollution from construction and waste disposal I/T (Temporary localized dust pollution) Construction mobilize in summer season. provide masks to workers. Jawzjan.

aquatic plants and other woody vegetation Proper maintenance of machinery and plant. Jawzjan. health and site safety) X Chapter-8 : IEE 8-25 WRD. gloves. follow construction impact monitoring and management program checklist None Follow land use regulations. WAPCOS Limited March-2012 . dress. X X X Disposal of oil and grease I/T (Machinery such as. control of land use in watershed. tractors) Fisheries resources Sedimentation of dam and loss of storage capacity I/T M/P x X Safety of workers from accidents I/T (Constructio n related hazards. and other appropriate safety devices to workers. excavators. arrange periodic medical check up of workers.Project:Pre-Feasibility Studies & Priority Ranking of 22 Small/Medium Dam Sites and Feasibility Study of 10 Small/Medium Dams and Related Structures in Faryab. bulldozers. scrapers. prevention of conversion of forest / pasture to agriculture Provide helmets. Saripul. Balkh and Samangan Provinces designated site Deterioration of water quality in dam M/T Periodic clearance of leaf.

Ensure required budget for O&M Regeneration of indigenous species that support wildlife and birds Awareness of IPM and IPNM Release of optimum water x x X x Flora and fauna I/P Soil Pollution from fertilizer and pesticide Downstream impacts I/P X I/P Chapter-8 : IEE 8-26 WRD. Balkh and Samangan Provinces provision of decent housing. Jawzjan. standard food. Saripul. WAPCOS Limited March-2012 . Environmental Issues during Operation Operation and maintenance (O&M) M/P Provision of routine maintenance. commissionin g of cyclone in crusher Provision of settling pond x x Pollution of water resources x C.Project:Pre-Feasibility Studies & Priority Ranking of 22 Small/Medium Dam Sites and Feasibility Study of 10 Small/Medium Dams and Related Structures in Faryab. odors and fumes 0 0 0 None None None x x x 0 I/T (Fugitive emissions due to crusher operation) I/T None Maintenance of equipment. drinking water and sanitation Social issues Gender issue Physical impacts on cultural heritage Noise and vibration Dust.

Jawzjan. WAPCOS Limited March-2012 . for houses and alternative sites Adequate compensation to concerned 8-27 X Submergence of roads infrastructure Chapter-8 : IEE M/P (about 200 m of road) X WRD.Project:Pre-Feasibility Studies & Priority Ranking of 22 Small/Medium Dam Sites and Feasibility Study of 10 Small/Medium Dams and Related Structures in Faryab. Saripul. 4) Environmental Impacts of or on the Project Recommended Mitigation Measures IEE Matrix No Rating of Impact Negative Smal Moderate Impact l _ Actions (IECs) Affecting Environmental Resources and Values Major + + + + + - + A. Balkh and Samangan Provinces flow for ecosystem management and downstream users Movement of wildlife Croplands 0 I/P None Monitoring of crop diversification None None x x x x Rapid melting and inflow of glaciers Gender issue 0 0 ii. Environmental Issues related to Project Location Area submerged due to creation of Dam Submergence of human settlements I/P None X M/P (around 2 houses) Adequate compensation to PAFs. Environmental and Social Parameters for Chasma Dara (Site No.

WAPCOS Limited March-2012 . cultural or aesthetic features by inundations Land acquisition Resettl ement of households M/P (around 1 ha) Adequate compensation to PAFs None X x 0 X M/P (about 1 ha) M/P (about 2 houses) Adequate compensation to PAFs Adequate compensation to PAFs and alternative houses None x X x X x Loss of wildlife habitat 0 B. Saripul. Environmental Issues related to Project Design Bank erosion Risk of breakage of embankment Seismi c effect I/T 0 Nil Nil X X x I/M or? (Unknown effects within Project life) The dam will be designed consistent with internationally accepted standards related to the seismic risk of the area to minimize or prevent x Chapter-8 : IEE 8-28 WRD.. Jawzjan. Balkh and Samangan Provinces Dept.Project:Pre-Feasibility Studies & Priority Ranking of 22 Small/Medium Dam Sites and Feasibility Study of 10 Small/Medium Dams and Related Structures in Faryab. and realignment of road Loss of agricultural land and trees from flooding Loss of historic.

aquatic plants and other woody vegetation Proper maintenance of machinery and plant. WAPCOS Limited March-2012 . dispose wastes in a designated site Periodic clearance of leaf. Saripul. Balkh and Samangan Provinces damage to the structures during earthquakes C.Project:Pre-Feasibility Studies & Priority Ranking of 22 Small/Medium Dam Sites and Feasibility Study of 10 Small/Medium Dams and Related Structures in Faryab. bulldozers. select appropriate site for location of camps. provide masks to workers. tractors) Fisheries resources during summer Sedimentation of dam and loss of storage capacity I/T x M/P Follow land use regulations. excavators. X Chapter-8 : IEE 8-29 WRD. Environmental Issues during Construction Air and water pollution from construction and waste disposal I/T (Temporary localized dust pollution) Constr uction mobilize in summer season. follow construction impact monitoring and management program checklist None X x Deterioration of water quality in dam M/T X Disposal of oil and grease I/T (Machinery such as. scrapers. Jawzjan.

odors and fumes 0 0 0 0 I/T (Fugitive emissions due to crusher operation) I/T None Maintenance of equipment. health and site safety) Provide helmets. gloves. WAPCOS Limited March-2012 . commissionin g of cyclone in crusher Provision of settling pond x x Pollution of water resources x Chapter-8 : IEE 8-30 WRD. Balkh and Samangan Provinces control of land use in watershed. arrange periodic medical check up of workers. Jawzjan.Project:Pre-Feasibility Studies & Priority Ranking of 22 Small/Medium Dam Sites and Feasibility Study of 10 Small/Medium Dams and Related Structures in Faryab. Saripul. dress. provision of decent housing. standard food. drinking water and sanitation None None None x x x X X Social issues Gender issue Physical impacts on cultural heritage Noise and vibration Dust. prevention of conversion of forest / pasture to agriculture Safety of workers from accidents I/T (Constructio n related hazards. and other appropriate safety devices to workers.

Jawzjan.Project:Pre-Feasibility Studies & Priority Ranking of 22 Small/Medium Dam Sites and Feasibility Study of 10 Small/Medium Dams and Related Structures in Faryab. Saripul. Environmental and Social Parameters for Bato Baba / Qachan Dara (Site No. Ensure required budget for O&M Regeneration of indigenous species that support wildlife and birds Awareness of IPM and IPNM Release of optimum water flow for ecosystem management and downstream users None Monitoring of crop diversification None None x x x x x x X x Flora and fauna I/P Soil Pollution from fertilizer and pesticide Downstream impacts I/P X I/P Movement of wildlife Croplands 0 I/P Rapid melting and inflow of glaciers Gender issue 0 0 iii. 3) IEE Matrix Rating of Impact Actions (IECs) Affecting Environmental Chapter-8 : IEE 8-31 WRD. Balkh and Samangan Provinces C. Environmental Issues during Operation Operation and maintenance (O&M) M/P Provision of routine maintenance. WAPCOS Limited March-2012 .

cultural or aesthetic features by inundations Land acquisition Resettlement of households Loss of wildlife habitat 0 I/P None X Nil X M/P (about 500 m) Adequate compensation to concerned Dept. WAPCOS Limited March-2012 . Saripul. Jawzjan. Balkh and Samangan Provinces Resources and Values Environmental Impacts of or on the Project Recommended Mitigation Measures No Smal Negative l Impact - Moderate + + + Major + + _ + A. Environmental Issues related to Project Design Bank erosion I/T None X x Chapter-8 : IEE 8-32 WRD. Environmental Issues related to Project Location Area submerged due to creation of Dam Submergence of human settlements Submergence of roads infrastructure Loss of agricultural land from flooding Loss of historic. Adequate compensation to PAFs None X X X M/P (about 1 ha on right bank) 0 x X M/P (About 1 ha) 0 Adequate compensation to PAPs None X x x 0 None x B.Project:Pre-Feasibility Studies & Priority Ranking of 22 Small/Medium Dam Sites and Feasibility Study of 10 Small/Medium Dams and Related Structures in Faryab.

provide masks to workers. WAPCOS Limited March-2012 . Chapter-8 : IEE 8-33 WRD. aquatic plants and other woody vegetation Proper maintenance of machinery and plant. Balkh and Samangan Provinces Risk of breakage of embankment Seismic effect 0 None X I/M or? (Unknown effects within Project life) The dam will be designed consistent with internationally accepted standards related to the seismic risk of the area to minimize or prevent damage to the structures during earthquakes x C. select appropriate site for location of camps. follow X x Deterioration of water quality in dam M/T X Disposal of oil and grease I/T (Machinery such as. dispose wastes in a designated site Periodic clearance of leaf. bulldozers.Project:Pre-Feasibility Studies & Priority Ranking of 22 Small/Medium Dam Sites and Feasibility Study of 10 Small/Medium Dams and Related Structures in Faryab. Saripul. excavators. Environmental Issues during Construction Air and water pollution from construction and waste disposal I/T (Temporary localized dust pollution) Construction mobilize in summer season. Jawzjan.

Project:Pre-Feasibility Studies & Priority Ranking of 22 Small/Medium Dam Sites and Feasibility Study of 10 Small/Medium Dams and Related Structures in Faryab. WAPCOS Limited March-2012 . arrange periodic medical check up of workers. Balkh and Samangan Provinces scrapers. gloves. dress. standard food. Saripul. provision of decent housing. control of land use in watershed. Jawzjan. prevention of conversion of forest / pasture to agriculture Provide helmets. tractors) construction impact monitoring and management program checklist None x Impact on Fisheries resources Sedimentation of dam and loss of storage capacity I/T M/P Follow land use regulations. drinking water and sanitation None None None x x x X X Safety of workers from accidents I/T (Constructio n related hazards. and other appropriate safety devices to workers. health and site safety) X Social issues Gender issue Physical impacts on cultural heritage 0 0 0 Chapter-8 : IEE 8-34 WRD.

Environmental Issues during Operation Operation and maintenance (O&M) M/P Provision of routine maintenance.Project:Pre-Feasibility Studies & Priority Ranking of 22 Small/Medium Dam Sites and Feasibility Study of 10 Small/Medium Dams and Related Structures in Faryab. commissionin g of cyclone in crusher Provision of settling pond x x Pollution of water resources x C. Jawzjan. odors and fumes 0 I/T (Fugitive emissions due to crusher operation) I/T None Maintenance of equipment. Ensure required budget for O&M Regeneration of indigenous species that support wildlife and birds Awareness of IPM and IPNM Release of optimum water flow for ecosystem management and downstream users None Monitoring of crop diversification None x x x X x X x Flora and fauna I/P Soil Pollution from fertilizer and pesticide Downstream impacts I/M X I/P Movement of wildlife Croplands 0 I/P Rapid melting and 0 Chapter-8 : IEE 8-35 WRD. Balkh and Samangan Provinces Noise and vibration Dust. WAPCOS Limited March-2012 . Saripul.

cultural or aesthetic features by inundations Land acquisition 0 I/P None X Nil X M/P (about 500 m) Adequate compensation to concerned Dept.Project:Pre-Feasibility Studies & Priority Ranking of 22 Small/Medium Dam Sites and Feasibility Study of 10 Small/Medium Dams and Related Structures in Faryab. Environmental and Social Parameters for Shamar (Site No. Adequate compensation would be provided to PAFs None X X M/P x X 0 M/P (About 1 ha) Adequate compensation would be 8-36 x Chapter-8 : IEE WRD. Saripul. Jawzjan. Environmental Issues related to Project Location Area submerged due to creation of Dam Submergence of human settlements Submergence of roads infrastructure Loss of agricultural land from flooding Loss of historic.1) Environmental Impacts of or on the Project Recommended Mitigation Measures IEE Matrix No Rating of Impact Negative Smal Moderate Impact l _ Actions (IECs) Affecting Environmental Resources and Values Major + + + + + - + A. Balkh and Samangan Provinces inflow of glaciers Gender issue 0 None x iv. WAPCOS Limited March-2012 .

select appropriate site for location of camps. Saripul. Environmental Issues during Construction Air and water pollution from construction and waste disposal I/T (Temporary localized dust pollution) Construction mobilize in summer season. dispose wastes in a designated site x Chapter-8 : IEE 8-37 WRD. Jawzjan. Environmental Issues related to Project Design Bank erosion Risk of breakage of embankment Seismic effect I/T 0 Nil Nil X X I/M or? (Unknown effects within Project life) The dam will be designed consistent with internationally accepted standards related to the seismic risk of the area to minimize or prevent damage to the structures during earthquakes x C. Balkh and Samangan Provinces provided to PAFs Resettlement of households Loss of wildlife habitat 0 None X x 0 None x B. WAPCOS Limited March-2012 .Project:Pre-Feasibility Studies & Priority Ranking of 22 Small/Medium Dam Sites and Feasibility Study of 10 Small/Medium Dams and Related Structures in Faryab. provide masks to workers.

WAPCOS Limited March-2012 . Saripul. dress. excavators. scrapers. bulldozers. and other appropriate safety devices to workers. standard food. drinking water and sanitation X X X Disposal of oil and grease I/T (Machinery such as. gloves. provision of decent housing. health and site safety) X Chapter-8 : IEE 8-38 WRD. prevention of conversion of forest / pasture to agriculture Provide helmets.Project:Pre-Feasibility Studies & Priority Ranking of 22 Small/Medium Dam Sites and Feasibility Study of 10 Small/Medium Dams and Related Structures in Faryab. aquatic plants and other woody vegetation Proper maintenance of machinery and plant. arrange periodic medical check up of workers. control of land use in watershed. tractors) Fisheries resources Sedimentation of dam and loss of storage capacity I/T M/P x X Safety of workers from accidents I/T (Constructio n related hazards. Balkh and Samangan Provinces Deterioration of water quality in dam M/T Periodic clearance of leaf. follow construction impact monitoring and management program checklist None Follow land use regulations. Jawzjan.

Project:Pre-Feasibility Studies & Priority Ranking of 22 Small/Medium Dam Sites and Feasibility Study of 10 Small/Medium Dams and Related Structures in Faryab, Jawzjan, Saripul, Balkh and Samangan Provinces Social issues Gender issue Physical impacts on cultural heritage Noise and vibration Dust, odors and fumes 0 0 0 None None None x x x

0 I/T (Fugitive emissions due to crusher operation) I/T

None Maintenance of equipment, commissioning of cyclone in crusher Provision of settling pond

x x

Pollution of water resources

x

C. Environmental Issues during Operation Operation and maintenance (O&M) M/P Provision of routine maintenance; Ensure required budget for O&M Regeneration of indigenous species that support wildlife and birds I/P Awareness of IPM and IPNM Release of optimum water flow for ecosystem management and downstream users X x X x

Flora and fauna

I/P

Soil Pollution from fertilizer and pesticide Downstream impacts

I/P

x

Chapter-8 : IEE

8-39

WRD, WAPCOS Limited

March-2012

Project:Pre-Feasibility Studies & Priority Ranking of 22 Small/Medium Dam Sites and Feasibility Study of 10 Small/Medium Dams and Related Structures in Faryab, Jawzjan, Saripul, Balkh and Samangan Provinces Movement of wildlife Croplands 0 I/P None Monitoring of crop diversification None None x x x x

Rapid melting and inflow of glaciers Gender issue

0 0

v.

Environmental and Social Parameters for Anbar / Chali Duzda (Site No. 15) Environmental Impacts of or on the Project Recommended Mitigation Measures IEE Matrix No Rating of Impact Negative Smal Moderate Impact l
_

Actions (IECs) Affecting Environmental Resources and Values

Major + + +

+ + -

+

A. Environmental Issues related to Project Location Area submerged due to creation of Dam Submergence of human settlements Submergence of roads infrastructure Loss of agricultural land from flooding Loss of historic, cultural or
Chapter-8 : IEE

I/P

None

X

0

Nil

X

0

Nil

X

X

0

Nil

X

x

0

None

X

8-40

WRD, WAPCOS Limited

March-2012

Project:Pre-Feasibility Studies & Priority Ranking of 22 Small/Medium Dam Sites and Feasibility Study of 10 Small/Medium Dams and Related Structures in Faryab, Jawzjan, Saripul, Balkh and Samangan Provinces aesthetic features by inundations Land acquisition Resettlement of households Loss of wildlife habitat 0 0 None X X x

0

None

x

B. Environmental Issues related to Project Design Bank erosion Risk of breakage of embankment Seismic effect I/T 0 None None X X x

I/M or? (Unknown effects within Project life)

The dam will be designed consistent with internationally accepted standards related to the seismic risk of the area to minimize or prevent damage to the structures during earthquakes

x

C. Environmental Issues during Construction Air and water pollution from construction and waste disposal I/T (Temporary localized dust pollution) Construction mobilize in summer season, select appropriate site for location of camps, provide masks x

Chapter-8 : IEE

8-41

WRD, WAPCOS Limited

March-2012

dispose wastes in a designated site Deterioration of water quality in dam M/T Periodic clearance of leaf.Project:Pre-Feasibility Studies & Priority Ranking of 22 Small/Medium Dam Sites and Feasibility Study of 10 Small/Medium Dams and Related Structures in Faryab. tractors) Impact on Fisheries resources Sedimentation of dam and loss of storage capacity I/T x M/P Follow land use regulations. Jawzjan. dress. Saripul. Balkh and Samangan Provinces to workers. health and site safety) X Chapter-8 : IEE 8-42 WRD. WAPCOS Limited March-2012 . X X Safety of workers from accidents I/T (Constructio n related hazards. bulldozers. scrapers. prevention of conversion of forest / pasture to agriculture Provide helmets. aquatic plants and other woody vegetation Proper maintenance of machinery and plant. control of land use in watershed. excavators. and other appropriate safety devices to workers. follow construction impact monitoring and management program checklist None X X X Disposal of oil and grease I/T (Machinery such as. gloves.

Balkh and Samangan Provinces arrange periodic medical check up of workers. standard food. Ensure required budget for O&M I/P Regeneration of indigenous species that support wildlife and birds Awareness of IPM and IPNM x X x Flora and fauna Soil Pollution from fertilizer and I/M X Chapter-8 : IEE 8-43 WRD. commissionin g of cyclone in crusher x x Pollution of water resources I/T Provision of settling pond x C. Jawzjan. provision of decent housing.Project:Pre-Feasibility Studies & Priority Ranking of 22 Small/Medium Dam Sites and Feasibility Study of 10 Small/Medium Dams and Related Structures in Faryab. WAPCOS Limited March-2012 . Saripul. Environmental Issues during Operation Operation and maintenance (O&M) M/P Provision of routine maintenance. odors and fumes 0 0 0 None None None x x x 0 I/T (Fugitive emissions due to crusher operation) None Maintenance of equipment. drinking water and sanitation Social issues Gender issue Physical impacts on cultural heritage Noise and vibration Dust.

Balkh and Samangan Provinces pesticide Downstream impacts I/P Release of optimum water flow for ecosystem management and downstream user None Monitoring of crop diversification None None x x x x x Movement of wildlife Croplands 0 I/P Rapid melting and inflow of glaciers Gender issue 0 0 vi.Project:Pre-Feasibility Studies & Priority Ranking of 22 Small/Medium Dam Sites and Feasibility Study of 10 Small/Medium Dams and Related Structures in Faryab. Jawzjan. WAPCOS Limited March-2012 . Environmental Issues related to Project Location Area submerged due to creation of Dam Submergence of human settlements 0 I/T None X Nil X Chapter-8 : IEE 8-44 WRD. 21) Environmental Impacts of or on the Project Recommended Mitigation Measures IEE Matrix No Rating of Impact Negative Smal Moderate Impact l _ Actions (IECs) Affecting Environmental Resources and Values Major + + + + + - + A. Environmental and Social Parameters for Dar e Negaar (Site No. Saripul.

Saripul.Project:Pre-Feasibility Studies & Priority Ranking of 22 Small/Medium Dam Sites and Feasibility Study of 10 Small/Medium Dams and Related Structures in Faryab. Jawzjan. Environmental Issues related to Project Design Bank erosion Risk of breakage of embankment Seismic effect I/T 0 Nil Nil X X I/M or? (Unknown effects within Project life) The dam will be designed consistent with internationally accepted standards related to the seismic risk of the area to minimize or prevent damage to the structures during x Chapter-8 : IEE 8-45 WRD. WAPCOS Limited March-2012 . Balkh and Samangan Provinces Submergence of roads and other infrastructure Loss of agricultural land from flooding Loss of historic. cultural or aesthetic features by inundations Land acquisition Resettlement of households Loss of wildlife habitat 0 Nil X I/T Nil X x 0 None X 0 0 None None X X x x 0 None x B.

control of land use in watershed.Project:Pre-Feasibility Studies & Priority Ranking of 22 Small/Medium Dam Sites and Feasibility Study of 10 Small/Medium Dams and Related Structures in Faryab. Environmental Issues during Construction Air and water pollution from construction and waste disposal I/T (Temporary localized dust pollution) Construction mobilize in summer season. WAPCOS Limited March-2012 . Jawzjan. Saripul. provide masks to workers. select appropriate site for location of camps. tractors) Fisheries resources Sedimentation of dam and loss of storage capacity I/T M/P x X Chapter-8 : IEE 8-46 WRD. follow construction impact monitoring and management program checklist None Follow land use regulations. bulldozers. prevention of conversion of X x Deterioration of water quality in dam M/T X Disposal of oil and grease I/T (Machinery such as. scrapers. aquatic plants and other woody vegetation Proper maintenance of machinery and plant. excavators. Balkh and Samangan Provinces earthquakes C. dispose wastes in a designated site Periodic clearance of leaf.

Balkh and Samangan Provinces forest/pasture to agriculture Safety of workers from accidents I/T (Constructio n related hazards. gloves. provision of decent housing. Saripul. Jawzjan. health and site safety) Provide helmets. dress. WAPCOS Limited March-2012 . standard food. commissionin g of cyclone in crusher x x Pollution of water resources I/T Provision of settling pond x C. odors and fumes 0 0 0 0 I/T (Fugitive emissions due to crusher operation) None Maintenance of equipment. Ensure required budget for X x Chapter-8 : IEE 8-47 WRD. Environmental Issues during Operation Operation and maintenance (O&M) M/P Provision of routine maintenance. drinking water and sanitation None None None x x x X X Social issues Gender issue Physical impacts on cultural heritage Noise and vibration Dust.Project:Pre-Feasibility Studies & Priority Ranking of 22 Small/Medium Dam Sites and Feasibility Study of 10 Small/Medium Dams and Related Structures in Faryab. arrange periodic medical check up of workers. and other appropriate safety devices to workers.

Balkh and Samangan Provinces O&M Flora and fauna I/P Regeneration of indigenous species that support wildlife and birds Awareness of IPM and IPNM Release of optimum water flow for ecosystem management and adequate compensation for existing minihydropower plant of PAFs None Monitoring of crop diversification None None x x x x x Soil Pollution from fertilizer and pesticide Downstream impacts I/P X I/P X Movement of wildlife Croplands 0 I/P Rapid melting and inflow of glaciers Gender issue 0 0 vii. Jawzjan. Environmental and Social Parameters for Ab e Keli (Site No. Saripul. 22) Environmental Impacts of or on the Project Recommended Mitigation Measures IEE Matrix No Rating of Impact Negative Smal Moderate Impact l Actions (IECs) Affecting Environmental Resources and Values Major Chapter-8 : IEE 8-48 WRD.Project:Pre-Feasibility Studies & Priority Ranking of 22 Small/Medium Dam Sites and Feasibility Study of 10 Small/Medium Dams and Related Structures in Faryab. WAPCOS Limited March-2012 .

Project:Pre-Feasibility Studies & Priority Ranking of 22 Small/Medium Dam Sites and Feasibility Study of 10 Small/Medium Dams and Related Structures in Faryab. Balkh and Samangan Provinces _ + + - + + - + + A. Saripul. cultural or aesthetic features by inundations Land acquisition Resettlement of households P x X 0 M/P Adequate compensation to PAPs Adequate compensation for 3 households and alternative houses for PAFs None X x x P Loss of wildlife habitat 0 x Chapter-8 : IEE 8-49 WRD. Jawzjan. WAPCOS Limited March-2012 . Environmental Issues related to Project Location Area submerged due to creation of Dam Submergence of human settlements Submergence of roads infrastructure P I/P None X 3 houses X I/P Adequate compensation for road realignment due to construction of powerhouse Adequate compensation to PAPs None X X X Loss of agricultural land and trees from flooding Loss of historic.

dispose wastes in a designated site Periodic clearance of leaf. Jawzjan. aquatic plants and other woody vegetation Proper X x Deterioration of water quality in dam M/T X Disposal of oil I/T Chapter-8 : IEE 8-50 WRD. Balkh and Samangan Provinces B. WAPCOS Limited March-2012 . Environmental Issues during Construction Air and water pollution from construction and waste disposal I/T (Temporary localized dust pollution) Construction mobilize in summer season. provide masks to workers. Environmental Issues related to Project Design Bank erosion Risk of breakage of embankment Seismic effect I/T 0 None None X X x I/M or? (Unknown effects within Project life) The dam will be designed consistent with internationally accepted standards related to the seismic risk of the area to minimize or prevent damage to the structures during earthquakes x C.Project:Pre-Feasibility Studies & Priority Ranking of 22 Small/Medium Dam Sites and Feasibility Study of 10 Small/Medium Dams and Related Structures in Faryab. Saripul. select appropriate site for location of camps.

prevention of conversion of forest / pasture to agriculture Provide helmets. bulldozers. arrange periodic medical check up of workers. tractors) maintenance of machinery and plant. WAPCOS Limited March-2012 . Balkh and Samangan Provinces and grease (Machinery such as. control of land use in watershed. health and site safety) X Social issues Gender issue 0 0 Chapter-8 : IEE 8-51 WRD. standard food. excavators. and other appropriate safety devices to workers. scrapers.Project:Pre-Feasibility Studies & Priority Ranking of 22 Small/Medium Dam Sites and Feasibility Study of 10 Small/Medium Dams and Related Structures in Faryab. drinking water and sanitation None None x x X X Safety of workers from accidents I/T (Constructio n related hazards. provision of decent housing. follow construction impact monitoring and management program checklist None x Impact on Fisheries resources Sedimentation of dam and loss of storage capacity I/T M/P Follow land use regulations. Saripul. gloves. dress. Jawzjan.

Balkh and Samangan Provinces Physical impacts on cultural heritage Noise and vibration Dust. Environmental Issues during Operation Operation and maintenance (O&M) M/P Provision of routine maintenance. odors and fumes 0 None x 0 I/T (Fugitive emissions due to crusher operation) I/T None Maintenance of equipment. WAPCOS Limited March-2012 . commissionin g of cyclone in crusher x x Pollution of water resources Provision of settling pond x C. Saripul. Ensure required budget for O&M Regeneration of indigenous species that support wildlife and birds Awareness of IPM and IPNM Release of optimum water flow for ecosystem management and for downstream users None Monitor 8-52 X x Flora and fauna I/P x Soil Pollution from fertilizer and pesticide Downstream impacts I/M X I/P x Movement of wildlife Croplands Chapter-8 : IEE 0 I/P x x WRD.Project:Pre-Feasibility Studies & Priority Ranking of 22 Small/Medium Dam Sites and Feasibility Study of 10 Small/Medium Dams and Related Structures in Faryab. Jawzjan.

Project:Pre-Feasibility Studies & Priority Ranking of 22 Small/Medium Dam Sites and Feasibility Study of 10 Small/Medium Dams and Related Structures in Faryab. cultural or aesthetic features by inundations Chapter-8 : IEE I/T None X 0 Nil X 0 Nil X 0 Nil X x 0 None X 8-53 WRD.2) Environmental Impacts of or on the Project Recommended Mitigation Measures IEE Matrix No Rating of Impact Negative Smal Moderate Impact l _ Actions (IECs) Affecting Environmental Resources and Values Major + + + + + - + A. Saripul. WAPCOS Limited March-2012 . Jawzjan. Environmental Issues related to Project Location Area submerged due to creation of Dam Submergence of human settlements Submergence of roads infrastructure Loss of agricultural land from flooding Loss of historic. Environmental and Social Parameters for Quran Dara (Site No. Balkh and Samangan Provinces ing of crop diversification Rapid melting and inflow of glaciers Gender issue 0 0 None None x x viii.

provide masks to workers. Saripul. dispose wastes in a designated x Chapter-8 : IEE 8-54 WRD. Balkh and Samangan Provinces Land acquisition Resettl ement of households Loss of wildlife habitat 0 0 None None X X x x 0 None x B. Jawzjan. select appropriate site for location of camps. Environmental Issues during Construction Air and water pollution from construction and waste disposal I/T (Temporary localized dust pollution) Construction mobilize in summer season. Environmental Issues related to Project Design Bank erosion Risk of breakage of embankment Seismic effect I/T 0 Nil Nil X X I/M or? (Unknown effects within Project life) The dam will be designed consistent with internationally accepted standards related to the seismic risk of the area to minimize or prevent damage to the structures during earthquakes x C. WAPCOS Limited March-2012 .Project:Pre-Feasibility Studies & Priority Ranking of 22 Small/Medium Dam Sites and Feasibility Study of 10 Small/Medium Dams and Related Structures in Faryab.

tractors) Fisheries resources Sedimentation of dam and loss of storage capacity I/T M/P x X Safety of workers from accidents I/T (Constructio n related hazards. prevention of conversion of forest/pasture to agriculture Provide helmets. arrange periodic medical check up of workers. dress. scrapers. health and site safety) X X Chapter-8 : IEE 8-55 WRD. aquatic plants and other woody vegetation Proper maintenance of machinery and plant. Saripul. bulldozers. excavators.Project:Pre-Feasibility Studies & Priority Ranking of 22 Small/Medium Dam Sites and Feasibility Study of 10 Small/Medium Dams and Related Structures in Faryab. Balkh and Samangan Provinces site Deterioration of water quality in dam I/T Periodic clearance of leaf. Jawzjan. and other appropriate safety devices to workers. provision of decent X X X Disposal of oil and grease I/T (Machinery such as. gloves. control of land use in watershed. WAPCOS Limited March-2012 . follow construction impact monitoring and management program checklist None Follow land use regulations.

Balkh and Samangan Provinces housing. odors and fumes 0 0 0 None None None x x x 0 I/T (Fugitive emissions due to crusher operation) I/T None Maintenance of equipment. drinking water and sanitation Social issues Gender issue Physical impacts on cultural heritage Noise and vibration Dust. Saripul. standard food. Jawzjan. Ensure required budget for O&M Regeneration of indigenous species that support wildlife and birds Awareness of IPM and IPNM Release of optimum water flow for ecosystem x x X x Flora and fauna I/P Soil Pollution from fertilizer and pesticide Downstream impacts I/P X I/P Chapter-8 : IEE 8-56 WRD. WAPCOS Limited March-2012 . commissionin g of cyclone in crusher x x Pollution of water resources Provision of settling pond x C.Project:Pre-Feasibility Studies & Priority Ranking of 22 Small/Medium Dam Sites and Feasibility Study of 10 Small/Medium Dams and Related Structures in Faryab. Environmental Issues during Operation Operation and maintenance (O&M) M/P Provision of routine maintenance.

Balkh and Samangan Provinces management and downstream users Movement of wildlife Croplands 0 I/P None Monitoring of crop diversification None None x x x x Rapid melting and inflow of glaciers Gender issue 0 0 Chapter-8 : IEE 8-57 WRD. Saripul.Project:Pre-Feasibility Studies & Priority Ranking of 22 Small/Medium Dam Sites and Feasibility Study of 10 Small/Medium Dams and Related Structures in Faryab. Jawzjan. WAPCOS Limited March-2012 .

PCU is responsible for environmental monitoring and management Plan also.1 Environmental Mitigation Institutions responsible for executing and monitoring the environmental aspects of this project are: MEW is responsible for planning. The MEW and its provincial authorities will also undertake routine and random monitoring of specific environmental plans NEPA will be consulted if complicated issues arise during construction and operation stages. The most effective form of mitigation is to have an effective project design that avoids environmental damage. or compensate for an adverse effect of this project and to promote environmental benefits. Environmental Monitoring Program (EMP) Environmental mitigation measures will be undertaken to avoid. B. operating and maintaining EIRP in Afghanistan.8. Balkh and Samangan Provinces 8. Construction phase: environmental performance of contractors with regard to control Chapter-8 : IEE 8-58 WRD. Aspects to be monitored are as follows: Pre-construction phase: updating of EMP during detailed design phase and inclusion of environmental clauses in bid and contract documents. reduce. Saripul. Jawzjan. constructing.8 INSTITUTIONAL REQUIREMENT. Implementation and monitoring of mitigation measures as per the Environmental Monitoring and Management Plan during the construction stage will be the responsibility of the contractor to be deployed. Compliance monitoring will be conducted in accordance with the EMP provided with this report (Table 1). ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT AND MONITORING PLAN 8. remedy. The PCU in MEW is in charge of project management to ensure that the contract provisions are adhered to. WAPCOS Limited March-2012 .Project:Pre-Feasibility Studies & Priority Ranking of 22 Small/Medium Dam Sites and Feasibility Study of 10 Small/Medium Dams and Related Structures in Faryab. Environmental monitoring is a very important aspect of environmental management during construction and operation stages of the project to safeguard the protection of environment.

The Project Consultant will oversee the environmental monitoring program during the construction stage and will also monitor compliance of the contractor with the implementation of required mitigation measures and contract provisions pertaining to environmental aspects.2 Environmental Monitoring Program An environmental monitoring program for the construction and operation stage of the Project will be undertaken to monitor environmental impacts of the Project. including environmental parameters to be monitored.000 per year would be allocated for each project/scheme to cover the monitoring requirements. their frequency and cost. A detailed Environmental Monitoring Plan. the MEW staff will implement the monitoring plan. traffic management. Such monitoring program will determine conditions requiring remedial measures and will assess compliance with NIPA and WB or other donors environmental safeguard policies. The following parameters will be monitored. Jawzjan. During operation. Balkh and Samangan Provinces measures pertaining to material storage. worker’s safety etc. Saripul. noise. 8. The contractor will be responsible for implementing the monitoring program and for preparation of monthly progress reports regarding implementation. To minimize the likely deterioration of the soil quality. A lump sum tentative provision of US $ 5.8. IPM and IPNM program will be suggested.Project:Pre-Feasibility Studies & Priority Ranking of 22 Small/Medium Dam Sites and Feasibility Study of 10 Small/Medium Dams and Related Structures in Faryab. location of work camp. WAPCOS Limited March-2012 . during construction and operation phases will be formulated during the feasibility stage. waste disposal. Land use pattern in the upstream/downstream Soil quality in command area SPM near construction site and labor camp Chapter-8 : IEE 8-59 WRD.

The potential negative environmental impacts associated with the construction activities are relatively minor in comparison to the significant environmental and economic benefits resulting from project implementation.000 USD Environmental Monitoring: 40. the deterioration of water quality. Saripul. IEE shows.000 USD.9 ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT AND MONITORING COST Tentative estimate of the environmental management cost and monitoring cost at this stage may be summarized as below: • • • • 8.000 USD IPM and IPNM Program: 20. The impacts could be in terms of the change in local hydrology of the river that can disturb the seasonal fluctuations.000 USD CONCLUSION Findings of the IEE reveal that temporary minor negative environmental impacts are likely to occur with the construction of the Mechalghu Dam. Jawzjan. 8. fauna and wildlife habitat in project influence area Fisheries resources in the barrage It is estimated that US$ 4. Finally.Project:Pre-Feasibility Studies & Priority Ranking of 22 Small/Medium Dam Sites and Feasibility Study of 10 Small/Medium Dams and Related Structures in Faryab. Balkh and Samangan Provinces Water quality in the barrage and downstream Sedimentation in the barrage Flora. During operation stage.000 per year will be required for the environmental monitoring. that there are no insurmountable environmental issues that should prevent the project from going ahead. For such impacts no mitigation measures are required. deterioration of soil quality in the command area is likely and mitigation measures like IPM and IPNM may minimize this impact. WAPCOS Limited March-2012 . Further environmental monitoring proposed as per donor guideline will ensure the priori knowledge of any negative impact in advance for the corrective measures. Chapter-8 : IEE 8-60 WRD. The environmental management and monitoring cost for the project is estimated to be 75. reductions in water quantities in the downstream.10 Afforestation: 15.000 USD for first 10 years Total: 75.

Balkh and Samangan Provinces Chapter-8 : IEE 8-61 WRD. Jawzjan. Saripul.Project:Pre-Feasibility Studies & Priority Ranking of 22 Small/Medium Dam Sites and Feasibility Study of 10 Small/Medium Dams and Related Structures in Faryab. WAPCOS Limited March-2012 .