Sri Harinama Cinfamani

(The TranscendenfaI Touchsfone Of The HoIy Name)
CHAPTER ONE
INTRODUCTION TO THE GLORIES OF THE HOLY NAME
All gloiics io Sii Gadadlaia Pandii and Loid Sii Gauianga; all gloiics io Loid
Niiyananda, ilc lilc ol Siimaii Jalnavadcvi; all gloiics io Sii Advaiia Acaiya and
Moilci Siia; all gloiics io Siila Siivasa Pandii and all ilc dcvoiccs ol Loid
Caiianya.
Ai Nilacala, wiilin His sacicd icmplc ncai ilc occan sloic, ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad icsidcs in His loim ol wood lnown as Daiubialman. Tlc
Supicmc Loid Haii dcsccndcd io ilc maiciial woild in ilis loim ol Jagannaila io
dclivci ilc living cniiiics liom ilcii cicinal bondagc. Hc gianis maiciial
bcncdiciions io ilosc wlo icquiic ilcm and linal iclcasc liom all maiciial
aiiaclmcnis io ilosc wlo aic moic spiiiiually advanccd.
In ilis samc sacicd abodc, ilc samc Supicmc Loid iool ilc iolc ol a icnounccd
sannyasi io givc His supicmc blcssing io lumaniiy. Rcsiding in Kasi Misia's lomc,
Hc piopagaicd ilc only dlaima nccdcd by ilc lallcn souls ol ilis agc, and so
csiablislcd ilc ical mcaning ol icligion in Kaliyuga.
Tlcic, lilc a dcsiic iicc yiclding unlimiicd iicasuics, suiioundcd by His many
dcvoiccs, Loid Caiianya disiiibuicd lovc ol Godlcad (Kisnapicma) liccly io all
pcoplc. Lnsuiing ilai His icaclings would bc coiiccily disscminaicd, Hc lad
cciiain associaics spcal on spccilic subjccis wlilc Hc Himscll gavc His blisslul
audicncc.

Tlus Hc iclislcd Sii Ramananda Raya's icvclaiion ol ilc conlidcniial swccincss
ol ilc conjugal lovc ol Sii Sii RadlaKisna; Sii Saivablauma llaiiacaiya's
cxplanaiion ol aciual libciaiion; Sii Rupa Goswami's iniiicaic analysis ol ilc
vaiious lcvcls ol loving cxclangc wiil ilc Loid; and Siila Haiidasa Tlaluia's
gloiilicaiion ol ilc supicmc cllicacy and cxccllcncc ol ilc Holy Namc.
Onc day, alici bailing in ilc occan, Loid Caiianya mci Siila Haiidasa Tlaluia
undci ilc Siddla lalula iicc. Gicaily plcascd ai sccing Siila Haiidasa, ilc Loid
inquiicd liom lim ilc mcans by wlicl ilc condiiioncd souls can mosi casily bc
dclivcicd liom sin.
Siila Haiidasa lcll ai ilc Loid's loius lcci and claspcd ilcm iiglily. His cniiic
body wcni inio iapiuic, and lc ollcicd lumblc piaycis punciuaicd by slivciing
and icais. In a clolcd voicc Siila Haiidasa said, "My Loid, Youi wondcilul
pasiimcs aic unlailomablc, and I am bui unloiiunaic and illiiciaic. Youi loius
lcci aic my only icsoii. Wlai is ilc usc ol asling sucl qucsiions ol a woiillcss
pcison lilc mc'"
Siila Haiidasa coniinucd: "You aic Kisna, ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad,
wlo las appcaicd in Navadvipa io savc all living cniiiics. O my Loid Gauianga,
lindly slclici mc in ilc sladc ol Youi loius lcci, loi only ilis will cngladdcn my
lcaii. Youi loly namc is unlimiicd, You aic ilc cmbodimcni ol cndlcss
cxccllcnccs, and Youi cxquisiic bcauiy diaws mc inio a sloiclcss occan ol joy.
Youi pasiimcs aic cvcicxpanding; You lavc manilcsicd Youi namc, loim, qualiiics
and aciiviiics in ilis maiciial woild so cvcn a lallcn wicicl lilc myscll can iclisl
ilcm. Ii is impossiblc loi onc wiil mundanc vision io pciccivc Youi
iiansccndcnial lcaiuics wiil lis limiicd scnscs, bui now You aic mcicilully
icvcaling Youiscll loi ilc liglcsi bcnclii ol lumaniiy; ilis is indccd ilc diicci
display ol ilc inicinal spiiiiual poicncy ol ilc Loid.
"You aic ilc spiiiiual sun and I am an insignilicani spail ol Youi cllulgcncc.
You aic my Loid and masici and I am Youi sciviioi cicinally. Tlc ambiosia
cmanaiing liom Youi loius lcci inioxicaics all my scnscs. My only lopc lics in ilc
limiilcss ncciai ol Youi loly namc. I am lallcn wlai can I say ol my own voliiion'
I am lcic jusi io cxccuic Youi oidcis. I slall bc gicaily saiislicd io spcal ilc woids
You pui inio my mouil and I will noi considci wlcilci ilcy aic iigli oi wiong."

Lord Krsna and His energies
Loid Kisna is ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad. Hc is bcyond anyonc's
juiisdiciion, loi Hc alonc is ilc masici (saivcsvaia) ol all ilai cxisis. Hc
complcicly indcpcndcni, bcing scllwillcd and sclllullillcd. His unicsiiicicd dcsiics
aic clloiilcssly saiislicd by His inconccivablc inicinal poicncy ilai consianily
associaics wiil Him. Tlis poicncy is a lcaiuic ol His inlcicni naiuic and is
ilcicloic ncvci indcpcndcni ol Him.
[Foofnofe 1 by SriIa Bhakfivinoda Thakura:|

Hc is lnown as ilc nondual Supicmc Consciousncss by dini ol His licc will
and inconccivablc poicncy. Lmpiiical plilosoplcis (jnanis) aiicmpi io iob ilis
nondual Diviniiy ol His pcisonal will and poicncy by posiulaiing Him io bc ilc
impcisonal lialman. lui in laci ilc impcisonal lialman (Kisna's consciousncss
minus will and poicncy) is only ilc cllulgcncc ol ilc Supicmc non-dual lialman.
Tliougl ilc ciglilold yoga sysicm, yogis can pciccivc ilc nondual Supicmc
lcing wiilin ilcii lcaiis as ilc localizcd Supcisoul oi Paiamaima wlo pcivadcs
and wiincsscs all cxisicncc. lui Paiamaima is also jusi a paiiial appcaiancc ol
Kisna. Loid Kisna alonc is ilc Absoluic Consciousncss, loi only Hc displays
absoluic poicncy, will and coniiol. ¦Lnd ol looinoic 1]

Krsna exisfs wifhin aII His energies and is fhus nof differenf from fhem.
Tlc Vcdas dcclaic Loid Kisna io bc ilc inliniic, absoluic Viblu; His cncigics
aic His aiiiibuics (vaiblava). His vaiblava cncigics aic ilc iooi ol all cxisiing
plcnomcna: yci cvcn in ilc midsi ol unlimiicd plcnomcna cvcicxpanding
iliougloui all iimc, Kisna icmains alool and indivisiblc in His oiiginal loim.

The fhree kinds of vaibhava

Viblu is pciccivablc only by ilc giacc ol His vaiblava cncigics, ol wlicl ilcic
aic ilicc linds. Tlcy aic, as icvcalcd in ilc sciipiuics, ilc spiiiiual cncigy (cid-
vaiblava), ilc maiciial cncigy (maya oi acid-vaiblava), and ilc maiginal cncigy
(jiva-vaiblava).

[Foofnofe 2 by Bhakfivinoda:|
Kisna's cid-vaiblava is a diicci iiansloimaiion ol His ciisalii, His pcisonal
inicinal poicncy. Tlc display ol cidvaiblava includcs His abodc, lnown as ilc
Vailunilalola; His innumciablc namcs lilc Govinda, Haii, cic.; His
iiansccndcnial loims lilc ilc ilicclold bcnding loim wiil iwo lands playing ilc
lluic; His divinc qualiiics, so sublimcly plcasuiablc io His dcvoiccs; His
supcicxccllcni pasiimcs lilc ilc iasa dancc in Viindavana and iis coiicsponding
appcaiancc in Navadvipa as ilc ilc congicgaiional claniing ol ilc loly namcs.
Tlcsc spiiiiual opulcnccs aic counilcss.
Anoilci lcaiuic ol ilc ciisalii is ilc sandlini poicncy by wlicl all ilings cxisi
and aic lcld iogcilci as an iniciiclaicd wlolc, including ilc iclaiionslips ol ilc
jivas io ilc Loid.
Similaily, ilc ciisalii manilcsis ilc samvii poicncy, wlicl icvcals lnowlcdgc ol
Kisna, His cncigics, and onc's own idcniiiy.
Tlc ciisalii also gcnciaics ilc lladini poicncy, wlicl givcs iisc io ilc ccsiaiic
bliss ol spiiiiual iclaiionslips, spiiiiual cmoiions and ilcii combinaiion in ilc
swcci cxclangcs ol iasa oi ilc mcllows ol divinc lovc. All ol ilcsc iiansloimaiions
ol ilc ciisalii oi Yogamaya (i.c. cidvaiblava and ilc sandlini, samvii and lladini
saliis) aic bcyond maiciial placc, iimc and qualiiics, bcing cicinally puic and lull
ol bliss. ¦Lnd ol looinoic 2]

The cifsakfi is known as Visnupada
Tlc ciisalii is ncvci allccicd by ilc inlciioi aciisalii. Lvcn wlcn ii dcsccnds io
ilis maiciial woild, ciisalii icmains uniouclcd by ilc incbiiciics ol maiici.
Ioicvci spiiiiual, cmbodying ilc absoluic naiuic ol ilc Supicmc Godlcad, ilc
spiiiiual poicncy is gloiilicd in ilc Vcdic lymns as bcing cqual io ilc Loid
Himscll; ilus ii is lnown as Visnupada (iniimaicly connccicd wiil Visnu). Tlcic
is no iingc ol maiciial inllucncc in Loid Kisna's cncigics: ilcy aic iiansccndcnial
and cxisi in puic goodncss (suddla-saiiva).
[Foofnofe 3 by Bhakfivinoda|
Saiiva, oi goodncss, is ol iwo linds: suddla saiiva and misia-saiiva (mixcd
goodncss). Lvciyiling in ilc caicgoiy ol cid-vaiblava is suddla-saiiva, oi puic
goodncss. All saiiva in ilc maiciial naiuic is mixcd, oi misia-saiiva.
Suddla-saiiva is dcvoid ol passion and ignoiancc. liiil indicaics ilc modc ol
passion in aciion. Tlc cicinally cxisicni spiiiiual csscncc, suddla-saiiva, las
ncvci bccn iouclcd by biiil, wlicl is a manilcsiaiion ol passion, noi by
annililaiion, wlicl occuis in ilc modc ol ignoiancc.
As ilc Supicmc Loid's scpaiaicd paiis and paiccls, ilc jivas (ilc living cniiiics,
wlo aic individual spiiii souls) aic oiiginally suddla-saiiva, bui duc io ilcii
coniaci wiil ncscicncc ilcy lavc comc undci ilc sway ol ilc maiciial modcs ol
passion and ignoiancc, and lcncc aic now in ilc mixcd oi misia-saiiva caicgoiy.
Lvcn dcmigods lilc Siva, ilougl lai supciioi in many ways io ilc oidinaiy jivas,
aic ncvciilclcss capiivaicd by ilc maiciial glaic duc io lalsc idcniilicaiion, and so
lall in ilis caicgoiy ol misia-saiiva.
Tlc Supicmc Loid is always in puic goodncss. Hc dcsccnds io ilis maiciial
woild by His inconccivablc spiiiiual poicncy and is always ilc coniiollci ol ilc
maiciial naiuic, maya, wlo is cvci-icady io aci as His maidscivani. ¦Lnd ol
looinoic 3]
Visnufaffva
All ilc plcnaiy cxpansions ol ilc Loid sucl as Govinda, Vailunilanaila,
MalaVisnu, Gaiblodalasayi Visnu and Ksiiodalsayi Visnu aic in ilc caicgoiy ol
absoluic goodncss, supicmc and divinc, and aic lnown as Visnuiaiiva.
Tlc Visnu-iaiiva loims may icsidc in any placc, ciilci ilc spiiiiual abodcs ol
Golola, Vailunila, ilc Causal occan, oi in ilis maiciial univcisc, yci Tlcy aic
always ilc masici ol maya and ilc supicmc coniiollci ol cvciy oilci living cniiiy
gicai oi small. Tlcii icmaining unallccicd by ilc inllucncc ol ilc illusoiy poicncy
is cvidcncc ol ilcii inconccivablc spiiiiual posiiion.
lialma, Siva and ilc oilci dcmigods aic misia-saiiva, bcing inllucnccd by
maya. Tlc Visnuiaiiva loims, Tlcii abobcs, Tlcii pasiimcs, and all clsc in ilc
spiiiiual sly cxisi in puic goodncss.
Maya-faffva

A iivci callcd Viiaja scpaiaics ilc maiciial univcisc liom ilc spiiiiual abodc.
Lvciyiling in ilc louiiccn maiciial planciaiy sysicms is acii-vaiblava oi ilc
icmpoiaiy manilcsiaiion ol maiici. Tlis placc las bccn dcsciibcd in ilc sciipiuics
as Dcvi "dlama (ilc abodc ol Duigadcvi), wlo is ilc picsiding dciiy ol maya.
Tlc maiciial univcisc, including ilc plysical bodics ol ilc living cniiiics, is
madc up ol ilc livc gioss clcmcnis ol caiil, waici, liic, aii and ciilci. Mind,
iniclligcncc and lalsc cgo aic subilc maiciial clcmcnis ilai compiisc ilc psyclic
bodics ol ilc living cniiiics. Tlc psyclic bodics aiisc liom dcsiic. Yci ilc soul is
always puicly spiiiiual and disiinci liom lis subilc body; lc is by naiuic suddla-
saiiva, as aic lis oiiginal mind, iniclligcncc and cgo.
Tlc scvcn liglci planciaiy sysicms llui, lluvai, Svaiga, Malai, Jana, Tapa,
and Saiya oi lialma and ilc scvcn lowci planciaiy sysicms sucl as Aiala, Suiala
and so on aic all manilcsiaiions ol maya (ilc illusoiy poicncy). Cid-vaiblava is
ilc complcic wlolc, and maya is iis sladow.
]ivavaibhava consisfs of bofh Iiberafed and condifioned souIs
Tlc jivas aic oiiginally complcicly spiiiiual, inliniicsimal and cndowcd wiil a
limiicd dcgicc ol indcpcndcncc. Tlc jivas aic counilcss in numbci and aic in
uigcni nccd ol spiiiiual bliss loi ilc aiiainmcni ol ilcii pcilcciion. In sccling ilai
bliss, ilosc wlo suiicndci ilcii livcs io Loid Kisna aic libciaicd liom biiil and
dcail and icsidc cicinally in ilc Loid's company as His conlidcniial associaics.

On ilc oilci land, ilc jiva-souls wlo dcsiic scll-impoiiancc and scllisl
plcasuic bccomc aiiiacicd by maya, wlo awaiis ilcm on ilc oilci sidc ol ilc Rivci
Viiaja. Slc cniiccs ilcm away liom Loid Kisna's scivicc and luics ilcm inio ilc
iiap ol ilc Dcvi-dlama, wlcic ilcy aic claincd io bodics manulaciuicd by
maiciial naiuic. lound by ilc icaciions ol ilcii misdccds, ilcy wandci liom biiil
io biiil in gioss and subilc loims. Somciimcs ilcy aic clcvaicd io ilc lcavcnly
plancis and aliciwaids go io lcll. In ilis way ilcy iiavcl iliougl all ilc cigli
million loui lundicd ilousand spccics ol lilc, sullciing ilc pains ol maiciial
cxisicncc.
Lord Krsna is aIways mercifuI fo fhe jivas
Tlc Loid is ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy, and ilc jiva is His iiny paii and paiccl.
Kisna is always conccincd loi ilc wcll-bcing ol His jivacxpansions. In wlaicvci
siiuaiion ilc jiva may lind limscll, Loid Kisna is always picpaicd io giani ilc jiva
lis lcaii's dcsiic, lilc a wcll-wislci wlo ncvci loisalcs lis liicnd.
Kisna's iclaiionslip wiil ilc jiva is cicinal: Hc uscs ilc jiva as an insiiumcni
iliougl wlom and io wlom Hc manilcsis His cncigics and opulcnccs. Tlc Loid
is ilc coniiollci, ilc jiva ilc coniiollcd; ilc Loid is indcpcndcni, ilc jiva
dcpcndcni; ilc Loid is masici, ilc jiva ilc bcncliciaiy ol ilc icsulis ol lis scivicc
io ilc masici. Pious acis aic maiciial and liuiiivc
Tlc soul giccdy loi maiciial scnsc plcasuic linds cvcn ilis casily availablc by
ilc lindncss ol ilc masici. Tlc mcans io aiiain sucl giaiilicaiion is ilc
pciloimancc ol auspicious aciiviiics (sublalaima) iccommcndcd in ilc Vcdas.
Tlcsc aic: lollowing ilc duiics ol ilc vainasiama sysicm; pciloiming saciiliccs
sucl as ilc liic saciilicc (agnisioma); cxccuiing ilc cigli-lold yoga pioccss;
ollciing lavana oi oblaiions; lccping vows on lull-moon days; giving in claiiiy on
auspicious days and oilci occasions conducivc io maiciial bcnclii.
Alilougl sublalaima is pciloimcd wiil Loid Visnu as ilc picsiding Dciiy, ilc
pciloimci lacls spiiiiual inicniions. Hc unloiiunaicly ialcs complcic slclici ol
maiciial considciaiions ol objcci, iimc and placc and cannoi cvcn iniuii lis dcaiil
ol Kisna consciousncss bccausc sucl iiiualisiic considciaiions ilwaii ilc mood ol
spiiiiual scllcxaminaiion and inquiiy.
Tlc icsulis ol sublalaima aic maiciial, loi ilcy mcicly inllamc lusi loi moic
cnjoymcni in liglci plancis. Sucl saciiliccs and ilcii icsulis can ncvci saiisly ilc
soul, ilc ical scll, bccausc ilcii causc is illusion. Tlcsc socallcd auspicious
aciiviiics only avail ilc jiva icmpoiaiy lcavcnly plcasuics diamciiically opposcd io
iiansccndcnial bliss.
The means of deIiverance from maferiaI piefy
Il a pcison is loiiunaic cnougl io gci ilc associaiion ol a sainily dcvoicc and
lcains ilai lc, ilc jiva, is an cicinal scivani ol Loid Kisna, ilcn lc casily
suimounis ilc gicai obsiaclc ol maiciial naiuic. Tlis is vciy iaic, bcing ilc icsuli
ol a vasi accumulaiion ol piciy ilai can ncvci bc acquiicd by ilc pciloimancc ol
sublalaima, wlicl givcs only insignilicani icsulis.
EmpiricaI phiIosophy (jnanakanda) eIevafes one fo fhe brahmajyofi

Tlc diy cmpiiical plilosoplcis aic moic advanccd ilan ilc laimis, loi ilcy
undcisiand ilc maiciial cxisicncc io bc a condiiion ol sullciing and so siiivc loi
libciaiion. Tlc Loid is lind io ilcm also: Hc las givcn ilcm ilc jnana-landa
scciion ol ilc Vcdas so ilcy can puisuc impcisonal lnowlcdgc ol ilc Absoluic.
Tlcii linal goal is absoipiion inio ilc bialmajyoii. Tlc bialmajyoii is Kisna's
blinding spiiiiual cllulgcncc and is siiuaicd on ilc banl ol ilc Viiaja. All ilc
dcmons ilc Supicmc Loid lills also mcigc inio lialman, jusi bcyond ilc
pciiplciy ol maya. loil ilc cmpiiicisis and liuiiivc woilcis aic nondcvoiccs,
disinclincd io scivc Loid Kisna. Tlcy can ncvci iclisl ilc swccincss ol Loid
Kisna's scivicc.
Piefy Ieading fo devofionaI service

Suliiii, oi pious aciiviiy, is ol ilicc vaiiciics: laimonmulli oi piciy dciivcd
liom sublalaima, jnanonmulli oi piciy dciivcd liom ilc culiivaiion ol
lnowlcdgc, and blaliy-unmulli oi piciy dciivcd liom dcvoiional aciiviiics. Tlc
liisi iwo lcad, icspcciivcly, io cnjoymcni ol ilc liuiis ol aciion and io libciaiion.
Tlc lasi lcads io an appicciaiion loi sainily associaiion. llaliyunmulli is
aclicvcd by pciloiming dcvoiional scivicc io ilc Loid unlnowingly, wiiloui
spiiiiual lnowlcdgc.
llaliy-unmulli is ilc mosi impoiiani lind ol suliiii, loi ii impcls ilc jiva io
mcci a puic, sainily dcvoicc. ly associaiing wiil a dcvoicc ol Kisna, ilc jiva's laiil
bccomcs liim. Giadually lc dcvclops a iasic loi claniing ilc loly namc, bccomcs
compassionaic iowaids all bcings, and is ilcn liimly lixcd in Kisna consciousncss.

Compassionaicly, ilc Loid guidcs ilc laimi and jnani io ilc unlnowing
pciloimancc ol dcvoiional scivicc

Tlc Loid is an occan ol magnanimiiy, and ilc supicmc coniiollci ol cvciyonc.
Hc is always lccn io scivc ilc condiiioncd souls, including ilc laimis and
jnanis. Tlinling ol ilcii wcllaic, Hc piovidcs ilcm ilc oppoiiuniiy loi indiicci
dcvoiional scivicc.
Tlc laimi wlo lollows vainasiamadlaima associaics wiil sainily pcisons and
cxccuics lis duiics loi ilc saiislaciion ol ilc Supicmc Loid Haii. Sucl aciiviiics
clcansc lis lcaii and giadually dcsiioy ilc dcsiic loi moic liuiiivc woil. In iis
placc ilc sccd ol siaddla, oi puic laiil, is sown wiilin lis lcaii.
Tlc jnani wlo sinccicly sccls iiansccndcnial wisdom lumbly cnicis ilc
company ol puic dcvoiccs and involcs ilcii inlcicni compassion iowaids lim.
ly ilcii giacc, lc casily dcvclops liim laiil in ilc diicci pioccss ol puic dcvoiional
scivicc. In ilis way, by ilc jnani's indiicci dcvoiion io lnowlcdgc, lc gcis ilc
slclici ol ilc puic dcvoiccs.
Tlc Loid says, 'My scivani, ilc jiva, may succumb io ilc iicaclciy ol My
illusoiy poicncy, bui I lccp lis bcsi inicicsis in My lcaii. ly dcgiccs I inspiic lim
io dcvclop an avcision io scnsc cnjoymcni and libciaiion, and ilcn giani lim
aiiiaciion io dcvoiional scivicc unio Mc. I lcad ilc jiva in lis puisuii io lullill lis
maiciial dcsiics by cngaging lim in ilc indiicci dcvoiional pioccsscs ol laima and
jnana, and in ilis way I siicngilcn lis laiil and lovc loi Mc.'
Loid Kisna is mosi compassionaic. Tlc indiicci dcvoiional pails aic bui a lini
ol His causclcss mcicy. Wiiloui His loving inicivcniion, low could ilc jiva cvci
bccomc puiilicd'

The indirecf processes have deferiorafed badIy in KaIiyuga

Tlc Saiya-yuga sagcs wlo iool up ilc pioccss ol mcdiiaiion wcic pcisonally
puiilicd by Kisna and givcn ilc iicasuic ol dcvoiional scivicc. In ilc Ticia-yuga,
ilc samc spiiiiual succcss ciowncd ilosc wlo llawlcssly pciloimcd opulcni
saciiliccs io saiisly ilc Loid. In ilc Dvapaia-yuga, Hc gianicd dcvoiion io ilosc
wlo adlcicd io ilc pail ol pcilcci Dciiy woislip. Wiil ilc advcni ol Kali-yuga,
Loid Kisna saw ilc dicadlul condiiion ol ilc jivas and iclinquislcd all lopc in ilc
pioccsscs ol laima, jnana and yoga.
Pcoplc in ilc Kali-yuga aic sloii-livcd, always laiasscd by discasc, and aic
boin wiil a wcal body and mind. Tlc obscivancc ol vainasiamadlaima and ilc
culiivaiion ol sanllya plilosoply, yoga, and cmpiiicism will noi yicld ilc
siicngil lumaniiy nccds io icdccm iiscll.
[Foofnofe + by Bhakfivinoda|

In Kaliyuga, ilc indiicci dcvoiional pails ol jnana and laima aic cxiicmcly
naiiow and lazaidous. Tlcy aic inicndcd io lcad onc io ilc sliinc ol dcvoiional
scivicc iliougl ciilci ilc associaiion ol sainily pcisons duiing plilosoplical
discussions, oi by ilc iiiualisiic ollciing io ilc Supicmc Loid ol ilc icsulis ol
woil pciloimcd wiiloui dcsiic. In Kali-yuga boil pails lavc bccomc
coniaminaicd. Gcnuinc sainily pcisons, now iaicly sccn, lavc bccn displaccd by
ciass, commcicial pscudospiiiiualisis. Rcligious duiics aic no longci pciloimcd
loi puiilying ilc consciousncss bui loi cnjoymcni ol ilc maiciial icsulis ol ilc
iiiuals. Tlcicloic ilcsc sccondaiy pails aic no longci bcnclicial. Lvcn ilc
pioccss ol Dciiy woislip ilai gavc ilc liglcsi spiiiiual succcss in Dvapaiayuga las
bccomc impuic and dcgiadcd. ¦Lnd ol looinoic +]
The prime process - chanfing fhe hoIy name

Tlc Loid, considciing ilc jivas' wcllaic, dcsccndcd in Kali-yuga along wiil His
loly namc io piopagaic ilc yugadlaima (ilc icligion ol ilc agc). ly ialing up ilc
yugadlaima ilc jiva aiiains lovc ol Kisna: lc las only io icmcmbci ilc Supicmc
Loid's namc (namasmaiana oi japa) and clani ilc Loid's namc congicgaiionally
(namasanliiian).
The hoIy name is bofh fhe means and fhe end
Tlc only mcilod oi mcans (sadlana) in ilis agc is ilc loly namc ol ilc Loid.
Tlc only goal (sadlya) io bc aiiaincd in ilis agc is Kisnapicma. Lvcn in ilc siagc
ol pcilcciion, ilc namc is noi givcn up bui is clanicd all ilc moic, loi ii is
iniiinsic io ilc aciiviiics ol picma. Indccd, ilc namc is noi dillcicni liom ilc
Loid: ii is ilc vciy cmbodimcni ol picma. Il ilc mcans is ilc cnd, ilcn ilc cnd
and ilc mcans ncvci coniiadici onc anoilci. Il pioccss is idcniical io ilc
objcciivc, ilcn ii is casy loi ilc jivas io aiiain ilc dcsiicd goal ol lilc, Kisnapicma.
ly ilc mcicy ol His loly namc, Kisna casily dclivcis ilc jivas in ilc agc ol Kali.
[Foofnofe 5 by Bhakfivinoda|
In laima and jnana, ilc sadlana and sadlya aic in conllici. Tlc only ical goal
oi sadlya ol ilc Vcdas is io aiiain ilc mcicy ol ilc Loid. As onc appioaclcs ilc
goal via ilc pails ol laima and jnana, ilcy vanisl, bcing impcimancni. lui
namasadlya alicady cxisis in nama-sadlana, loi ilc Loid is loicvci idcniical io His
loly namc. Tlis iiuil is lnown only by gicai good loiiunc. ¦Lnd ol looinoic 5]

Siila Haiidasa, ilc incainaiion ol Loid lialma, lcll ai ilc Loid's loius lcci wiil
icais cascading liom lis cycs. His body lcaving wiil sigls, Haiidasa dcclaicd, "I
am cxiicmcly lallcn and am mucl cngiosscd in maiciial lilc. lcing ilc iascal I am,
I ncvci clanicd Youi loly namc."
Only ilosc pcisons wlo appicciaic Loid Haii, His dcvoiccs, and dcvoiional
scivicc can ialc ilis Haiinama Ciniamani io lcaii.
CHAPTER TWO
THE ACCEPTANCE OF THE HOLY NAME

All gloiics io Sii Gadadlaia Pandii and Loid Sii Gauianga; all gloiics io Loid
Niiyananda, ilc lilc ol Siimaii Jalnavadcvi; all gloiics io Sii Advaiia Acaiya and
Moilci Siia; all gloiics io Siila Siivasa Pandii and all ilc dcvoiccs ol Loid
Caiianya.

Siila Haiidasa coniinucd io wccp in ccsiaiic lovc. Loid Gauiacandia cnciiclcd
lim wiil His aims in a loving cmbiacc and said, "O Haiidasa, a dcvoicc ol youi
calibci is iaicly lound. You aic wcllvciscd in all spiiiiual conclusions and you aic
always unallccicd by maya.

EIevafion by pure devofion

"Taling biiil in a low lamily and casic, you lavc piovcn io ilc woild ilai
Kisna is noi obiaincd mcicly by amassing wcalil, icpuiaiion, lincagc oi
iclincmcni. Wlocvci dcvclops unllincling laiil in unalloycd dcvoiional scivicc io
ilc Supicmc Loid as you lavc donc is laciually supciioi io ilc dcmigods.
"You aic lcaincd in all ilc iiuils ol ilc loly namc ol ilc Loid; youi spiiiiual
conduci is cxcmplaiy; and you aic an cxpcii picaclci. Tlcicloic, O Haiidasa,
lindly icvcal io Mc somciling ol ilc unlimiicd gloiics ol ilc loly namc. Plcasc
allow Mc io savoui youi woids.

Three sfages of accepfance of fhe name

"Onc wlo clanis ilc loly namc cvcn oncc is considcicd a Vaisnava dcvoicc,
and ilc louscloldcis slould bc vciy aiicniivc io icspcci sucl a pcison. lui ilc
dcvoicc wlo consianily clanis Kisna's namc is cvcn a bciici Vaisnava, loi lc is
cndowcd wiil all good qualiiics. Tlc mosi advanccd Vaisnava ol all is lc wlo
inspiics oilcis wlo scc lim io immcdiaicly clani ilc Loid's namc. Wlcn lc
clanis ilc namc cvcn oncc, aiiiaciion io icndciing cicinal dcvoiional scivicc io
ilc Supicmc Loid is iiicvocably csiablislcd. Kindly icll Mc low ilc nondcvoiccs
can bc madc io acccpi ilc claniing ol ilc loly namc ol Kisna."

The spirifuaI idenfify of fhe hoIy name

Siila Haiidasa claspcd lis lands iogcilci. Lycs biimming wiil icais and voicc
clolcd in spiiiiual lovc, lc bcgan lis icply in soli, gcnilc ioncs.
Loid Kisna's namc is ciniamani, loimcd ol cicinal and iiansccndcnial
iouclsionc. Jusi as a iouclsionc yiclds all dcsiiablc objccis, so ilc iouclsionc ol
Kisna's loly namc givcs icligiosiiy, wcalil, scnsc plcasuic and libciaiion io a
maiciialisiic pcison. To a suiicndcicd dcvoicc, ii ollcis puic lovc ol Kisna.

Loid Kisna and His loly namc aic noi dillcicni; Tlcy aic ilc onc and samc
Absoluic Tiuil wlo is ilc allpcivading yci supicmcly indcpcndcni loim ol
dynamic spiiiiualiiy (caiianya vigiala), lully cognizani and lull ol bliss, wiiloui
bcginning oi cnd. Licinally licc ol maiciial impcilcciion (niiya mulia), always
siiuaicd in puic goodncss (suddla saiiva), ilc loly namc, idcniical (ablinna) wiil
Hc wlo is dcnoicd by ilc namc (ilc nami, oi Kisna), dcsccnds io ilis woild as ilc
complcic incainaiion ol ilc liglcsi swccincss (iasa).
Krsna's name, form, quaIifies and pasfimes are fuII of pofency

Any objcci is lnown by loui claiaciciisiic lcaiuics: namc, loim, qualiiics and
aciiviiics. Loid Kisna, ilc Supicmc Objcci, is lnowablc in icims ol His unlimiicd
and cicinal namc, loim, qualiiics and pasiimcs. Tlc abscncc ol ilcsc loui lcaiuics
in anyiling dcnics iis siaius as objcci. Ioi cxamplc, lialman is impcisonal and
loimlcss; lcncc ii is noi an objcci unio iiscll, bui simply a disiinciivc iiaii ol ilc
Supicmc Loid.

Loid Kisna is ilc nondual Absoluic Objcci wlo pcilccily manilcsis Himscll
iliougl ilc loui lcaiuics ol namc, loim, qualiiics and pasiimcs. Lacl onc ol ilcsc
lcaiuics is lully poicni and ablc io cxpicss Him in ioialiiy. Tlcy cxisi and aic
susiaincd by ilc Loid's sandlini poicncy, and ilcy aic cicinal and iiansccndcnial.
As Loid Kisna aiiiacis all living cniiiics, similaily ilc loly namc, wlicl is noi
dillcicni liom Him, also aiiiacis cvciyonc.

Kisna's sublimc loim is as idcniical io Him as His loly namc. Rcmcmbciing
and claniing Kisna's namc immcdiaicly involcs His bcauiilul loim in ilc mind,
and boil dancc ilcic laimoniously lilc inscpaiablc paiincis.
Kisna's sixiyloui qualiiics aic unlimiicd and iiansccndcnial. lialma and Siva
aic cxpansions ol His qualiiics, bui ilcy only paiiially display ilc iiansccndcnial
naiuic ol ilc Supicmc Loid, wlicl is inliniic, cicinal, uncnding and absoluicly
spiiiiual. Kisna alonc las ilc lull sixiyloui qualiiics ol ilc Supicmc Pcison; cvcn
His lull cxpansions lilc Loid Naiayana and avaiaias lilc Loid Ramacandia aic
oinamcnicd wiil only sixiy ol ilcm. Dcmigods up io ilc lcvcl ol Siva posscss
liliylivc ol ilcsc qualiiics, bui only in limiicd mcasuic. Oidinaiy jivas lavc jusi
liliy, visiblc in mcic liaciional dcgiccs, lilc small diops. Only Kisna, cvcn amongsi
all His Visnu cxpansions, is ilc masici ol loui cxccpiional qualiiics visiblc in Him
alonc.
Il ilc Loid's qualiiics aic compaicd io wavcs, ilcn His pasiimcs appcai in ilcsc
wavcs and coniinuously loim, cicsi and icslapc ilcmsclvcs again and again.
Wlcicvci ilcy may bc cnacicd, ciilci in Golola, Vailunila, oi Viaja, ilcy aic
always iiansccndcnial. Hcncc, ilc Loid's namc, loim, qualiiics and pasiimcs aic ol
ilc samc spiiiiual subsiancc.
Condifioned consciousness is opposife fo Krsna consciousness

Tlc jiva condiiioncd by ilc illusoiy maiciial naiuic cxpciicnccs a siaic ol
consciousncss ilai is a complcic icvcisal ol Kisna consciousncss. lccausc lc
lalscly idcniilics wiil lis body, ilc jiva's namc, loim, qualiiics and aciiviiics aic
lull ol coniiadiciion. Oncc lc is puiilicd ol lis maiciial coniaminaiions, ilcsc
loui lcaiuics bccomc laimonious and idcniical wiil ilc soul. lui uniil lc is
libciaicd by ilc Loid's giacc, ilc jiva will coniinuc io sullci ilc pains ol lis lalsc
idcniilicaiion cicinally. Kisna, bcing bcyond maiciial cxisicncc, cicinally cnjoys
His namc, loim, qualiiics and aciiviiics as onc Tiuil inscpaiablc liom Him.

The hoIy name is fhe primary feafure
Ol ilc loui claiaciciisiic lcaiuics (nama, iupa, guna, lila), ilc Loid's loly
namc is ilc piimaiy onc bccausc ii awaids cogniiion ol ilc oilci ilicc. Tlcicloic
claniing ilc loly namc is ilc loicmosi icligious aciiviiy (dlaima) ol a Vaisnava.
Iiom ilc loly namc giadually blossoms ilc Loid's loim, qualiiics and pasiimcs.
Tlc cniiic panoiama ol Loid Kisna's pasiimcs is picscni in ilc loly namc. Loid
Caiianya las pcisonally dcclaicd Kisna's namc io bc ilc liglcsi Absoluic Tiuil.

There are onIy fwo reaIifies in fhis worId, fhe hoIy name and fhe jiva
In ilc cniiic maiciial cxisicncc ilcic is noiling compaiablc io ilc loly namc.
Tlc loly namc is ilc mosi piccious jcwcl in ilc Loid's iicasuiclousc. In ilis
wlolc univcisc ilcic aic only iwo mcaninglul iiuils: ilc jiva and ilc loly namc
cvciyiling clsc is dcccpiivc. ly ilc will ol ilc Loid, ilc jiva cnicicd ilis icalm ol
incii maiici and was bcwildcicd by ii, as wlcn in ilc bcginning lialma ilougli
limscll io bc all alonc. lui wlcn Kisna dcsccndcd inio ilc woild as His loly
namc, ilc spiiiiual icaliiy ol wlicl lialma and ilc oilci jivas aic a paii was
icvcalcd.

The name is of fwo kinds - principaI and secondary

Tlc loly namc can bc caicgoiizcd in iwo iypcs: piincipal and sccondaiy. ly
ialing slclici ol Kisna's piincipal namcs, ilc jiva obiains ilc ical boon ol spiiiiual
lilc. Tlc loly namcs ol ilc Loid ilai dcsciibc His iiansccndcnial pasiimcs and
wlicl coniain all ol ilc Loid's spiiiiual cxccllcnccs aic dclincd as piincipal namcs.
Tlcy aic, loi cxamplc: Govinda, Gopala, Rama, Sii Nandanandana, Radlanaila,
Haii, Yasomaii Pianadlana, Madana-Molana, Syamasundaia, Madlava,
Gopinaila, Viajagopal, Ralsala, Yadava, and so on. Anyonc wlo clanis ilc namcs
ol ilc Loid ilai dcpici His cicinal pasiimcs can aiiain ilc Loid's supicmc abodc.

The secondary names and fheir sympfoms

Tlc Vcdas addicss ilc Loid wiil namcs ilai dcsciibc His alliliaiion wiil His
maiciial cncigy. Tlcsc aic His sccondaiy namcs, c.g. Cicaioi, Supcisoul,
lialman, mainiainci and annililaioi ol ilc woild, Yajncswai, Haia, cic. Sucl
namcs ol ilc Loid aic involcd by ilosc puisuing liuiiivc aciiviiics and cmpiiical
lnowlcdgc. In lccping wiil ilc Vcdic diicciions, ilc claniing ol sucl namcs ol
ilc Loid will icsuli in piciy and salvaiion. Howcvci, Kisnapicma, ilc mosi pcilcci
icsuli ol claniing ilc loly namc ol ilc Loid, is aiiaincd only by sainily souls wlo
involc Kisna's piincipal namcs.

The pure name and namabhasa; differenf resuIfs

Il ilc loly namc is clanicd jusi oncc, ilougl impuicly so, oi il ilc sound is
simply lcaid, ilcn ilc living cniiiy icgaidlcss ol lis ligl oi low casic is
immcdiaicly libciaicd. Tlis is ilc dcclaiaiion ol sciipiuic. And luiilcimoic,
wlcn ilc loly namc is clanicd in ilc clcaiing siagc (namablasa ilc siagc wlcn
impuiiiics aic swcpi liom ilc lcaii ol ilc clanici), ilcn ilc liglcsi goal is
aiiaincd alici somc dclay.
All oilci auspicious pious icsulis including libciaiion can bc quiic casily
aclicvcd in namablasa, bui ilc aiiainmcni ol lovc ol Godlcad is suspcndcd loi a
wlilc uniil ilc jiva icaclcs ilc summii ol claniing ilc puic namc oi suddlanama.
Onc obiains lovc ol Kisna only alici icacling ilis siagc ol puic claniing. In
namablasa, sin and unwanicd dcsiics in ilc lcaii aic cvcniually dissipaicd;
ilcicalici ilc dcvoicc clanis puicly. Suddlanama ollcis ilc dcvoicc ilc liglcsi
spiiiiual succcss, lovc ol Kisna.

Vyavadhana or 'disrupfion' causes offense

Claniing slould bc licc liom any loim ol disiupiion bccausc ilis will icsuli in
ollcnscs againsi ilc loly namc, wlicl in iuin posc an insuimouniablc obsiaclc on
ilc pail io succcss. Vyavadlan oi 'disiupiion' is ol iwo linds. Tlc liisi iypc is
lnown as vaina-vyavadlan oi disiupiion in ilc syllablcs. Ioi cxamplc, in ilc
lcngali woid 'laililaii', 'la' and ilc lasi syllablc 'ii' can bc pui iogcilci io loim
'Haii', a namc ol Kisna. lui bccausc ilc syllablcs 'ili-la' aic insciicd in ilc
middlc, ilc icpciiiion ol 'laililaii' will noi givc aciual bcnclii. Yci ilc Islamic
woid 'laiam' is noi pcivciicd by sucl disiupiion ol ilc syllablcs oi vaina-
vyavadlan. Tlc syllablcs compiising ilc loly namc 'Ram' aic uniniciiupicd;
lcncc, spcaling ilc woid 'laiam' givcs libciaiion bccausc ii is namablasa.

Tlc sccond iypc ol vyavadlana is callcd iaiiva-vyavadlana oi disiupiion ol
plilosoplical conclusions. Tlis ollcnsc is mucl moic sciious. Loid Kisna's namc
and Loid Kisna Himscll aic non-dillcicni. lui somconc wlo is polluicd by
Mayavadi plilosoply imagincs ilcm io bc scpaiaic. Sucl an ollcnsivc conclusion
is clcaily againsi all Vcdic icaclings and will ioially dcsiioy onc's spiiiiual lilc. Ii
is impossiblc io obiain Kisnapicma liom sucl claniing.

In summaiy, onc slould undcisiand piopcily ilai ilc loly namc is idcniical io
ilc Loid Himscll. Tlc piincipal namcs ol Kisna slould bc clanicd as
suddlanama, dcvoid ol namablasa and ilc apaiadla ol vyavadlana. Tlc pcison
wlo ialcs ilcsc considciaiions io lcaii and clanis suddlanama cvcn oncc is
considcicd a Vaisnava. Hc is io bc scivcd wiil laiil and dcvoiion.

Overcoming namabhasa and affaining prema

Anyonc waniing io aiiain ilc liglcsi spiiiiual succcss ol claniing puicly musi
appioacl a bonalidc spiiiiual masici and scivc lim caiclully and sinccicly.
Giadually, as all ilc anaiilas oi unwanicd dcsiics in ilc lcaii aic dcsiioycd, ilc
iiansccndcnial namc ol Kisna appcais and danccs on ilc ionguc ol ilc dcvoicc.
Tlc loly namc, now ncciaican in iasic, cannoi bui bc iclislcd by ilc dcvoicc ai
cvciy momcni. Tlus spiiiiually inioxicaicd, ilc dcvoicc always lccls lilc dancing.
As ilc loly namc danccs, ilc dcvoicc lilcwisc danccs, and ai ilai momcni ilc
ccsiasy ol lovc ol Godlcad also cnicis dancing inio ilc dcvoicc's lcaii. Tlcn ilc
cniiic woild will dancc and maya will llcc away.

OnIy fhe faifhfuI are eIigibIe fo chanf fhe omnipofenf hoIy name
Tlc Supicmc Loid las inluscd His iiansccndcnial namc wiil all ol His
poicncics and ollcicd ii io lumaniiy. Onc wlo las sullicicni laiil in Loid Kisna's
namc is cligiblc io clani, and only onc wlo clanis ilc namc is piopcily cxccuiing
ilc picsciibcd duiics ol ilc luman bcing. Hc is callcd an adlilaii oi posscssoi ol
ilc loly namc.
Tlc loly namc is so poicni ilai claniing docs noi dcpcndcni on condiiions ol
iimc, placc, iulcs, clcanlincss, and so on. Pious aciiviiics, sucl as ilc giving ol
claiiiy, ilc pciloimancc ol saciiliccs, ilc ialing ol abluiions, oi ilc icciiaiion ol
Vcdic maniias aic all icgulaicd by siiingcni iulcs. lui loi ilc claniing ol ilc loly
namc, ilc only picicquisiic is laiil. Onc wlo ialcs slclici ol ilc loly namc wiil
unllincling laiil will aiiain all pcilcciion.

Accepf fhings favorabIe fo chanfing and rejecf fhings unfavourabIe

Tlc jiva in Kaliyuga musi bccomc licc liom dcccii, join Loid Kisna's lamily ol
dcvoiccs and coniinuously clani ilc loly namc. Hc slould acccpi cvciyiling
lavoiablc loi dcvoiional scivicc and ai ilc samc iimc icjcci unlavoiablc ilings. Hc
slould sccl oui ilc associaiion ol dcvoiccs and uiilizc lis lilc in scivicc io ilc
Loid's loly namc and ilc Vaisnavas. Hc slould loicgo all oilci icligious piaciiccs
and pious aciiviiics and ncvci woislip any oilci dcvaia. Noi slould lc ilinl
anyiling io bc indcpcndcni liom Kisna. Onc wlo always clanis ilc loly namc
and scivcs ilc dcvoiccs will suicly obiain Kisnapicma.

Siila Haiidasa Tlaluia again placcd lis lcad on ilc Loid's loius lcci.
Wccping, lc bcggcd ilc Loid ilai lc migli dcvclop aiiaclmcni loi ilc loly namc.
Onc wlo is blcsscd wiil lovc and dcvoiion and wlo ialcs plcasuic in sciving
Siila Haiidasa Tlaluia's loius lcci will lind ilc iouclsionc ol ilc loly namc io bc
as piccious as lilc iiscll.
CHAPTER THREE
THE UNCLARIFIED NAME (NAMABHASA)
All gloiics io Sii Gadadlaia Pandii and Loid Sii Gauianga; all gloiics io Loid
Niiyananda, ilc lilc ol Siimaii Jalnavadcvi; all gloiics io Sii Advaiia Acaiya and
Moilci Siia; all gloiics io Siila Siivasa Pandii and all ilc dcvoiccs ol Loid
Caiianya.
Lxicnding His loiuslilc lands, ilc mcicilul Loid Caiianya lilicd up Siila
Haiidasa and said, "My dcai Haiidasa, plcasc ialc lold ol youiscll and inloim Mc
aboui namablasa. Tlc loly namc is so poicni and cndowcd wiil sucl
iiansccndcnial qualiiics ilai anyonc can casily aclicvc libciaiion simply by
claniing. Oncc namablasa is undcisiood, onc can siiivc io clani puicly ilc loly
namc ol Kisna.

Ajnana is Iike misf, and anarfha is Iike cIouds

"Tlc loly namc is an allpowcilul, biilliani sun ilai dispciscs ilc dailncss ol
maya oi ncscicncc. Clouds and misi may somciimcs blanlci onc's vision; ilc sun
is ilcn noi visiblc. Similaily, ilc jivas aic covcicd ovci by ilc misi ol ajnana
(ignoiancc) and ilc clouds ol anaiila (maiciial icndcncics).
"Loid Kisna and His loly namc aic idcniical. Tlcy aic an omnipoicni spiiiiual
sun ilai dcsiioys ilc dailncss ol ncscicncc. To siicam mcicy upon ilc
condiiioncd souls ilc sun ol ilc loly namc las aiiscn on ilc loiizon ol ilis
maiciial woild. Tlc misi ol ignoiancc and ilc clouds ol anaiila spicad a blanlci
ovci ilc jiva's vision so ilai lc is unablc io scc ilc sunlilc loly namc. Tlc sun is
ioo big loi any cloud oi misi io covci, bui il ilc jiva's vision is obscuicd, ilcn ilc
sun is liddcn liom lim.

Ignorance covers knowIedge of fhe hoIy name, fhe Lord's posifion, and
seIfidenfify
"Lvcn alici acccpiing ilc loly namc, il onc docs noi undcisiand ilc namc's
idcniiiy and iiansccndcnial naiuic, a misi ol ignoiancc is cicaicd ilai plungcs ilc
jiva inio dailncss. Onc wlo is ignoiani aboui Loid Kisna's posiiion bccomcs
conluscd and bcgins io woislip ilc dcmigods. Tlus lc is cnianglcd in ilc cyclc ol
liuiiivc aciion oi laima. Tlai pcison wlo las noi icalizcd ilc jiva's
iiansccndcnial naiuic sullcis liom svaiupa-bliama (conlusion ol idcniiiy), and is
in maiciial consciousncss, dcludcd and always in ignoiancc."

Siila Haiidasa Tlaluia cxclaimcd in cxlilaiaiion, "Today I am mosi loiiunaic,
loi liom my mouil ilc Supicmc Loid Himscll, Caiianya Malapiablu, wanis io
lcai aboui ilc loly namc!" Hc ilcn bcgan by claboiaiing luiilci on ilc subjcci ol
ignoiancc.
Onc wlo is in ignoiancc docs noi lnow ilai Loid Kisna is supicmc ovci all.
His cicinal sciviiois aic ilc dcmigods and all oilci jivas. Hc docs noi lnow ilai
ilc jiva's naiuic is iiansccndcnial, and ilai ilc maiciial woild is an appcaiancc ol
maya, ilc Loid's illusoiy cncigy. Anyonc wlo undcisiands ilcsc iiuils and ilcii
iclaiionslips is liccd liom ilc dailncss ol ignoiancc and can pass bcyond ilc vcil
ol namablasa.

The cIoud of anarfha is comprised of hankering for iIIusory fhings, weakness of
hearf, and offenses

Hanlciing loi ilings icmpoiaiy and unical, wcalncss ol ilc lcaii and mind,
and ollcnscs aic clouds ol anaiilas ilai lccp ilc jivas in consiani sullciing.
Asai-iisna ('iliisiing loi ilc illusoiy') indicaics dcsiics loi ilings noi iclaicd io
Loid Kisna. Tlcsc dcsiics aic: ilc ciaving loi socallcd maiciial gains in ilis woild
oi in lcavcn, ilc ciaving loi mysiic powcis, and ilc ciaving loi impcisonal
libciaiion.
Hiidaya-dauibalyam iclcis io piopcnsiiics ol ilc lcaii and mind (viz. maiciial
aiiaclmcni, dcccii, cnviousncss ol anoilci's advanccmcni, and dcsiic loi namc,
lamc and gloiy) ilai aiisc liom a condiiion ol spiiiiual wcalncss.
Apaiadla mcans ollcnscs; ilcsc may bc ollcnscs io ilc loly namc
(namaapaiadla), io Kisna's scivicc (scvaapaiadla), io Kisna's dcvoiccs
(vaisnavaapaiadla), oi io oilci living cniiiics (jivaapaiadla).
Tlcsc clouds lidc ilc sun ol ilc loly namc. Il onc clanis ilc loly namc wlilc
mainiaining ilcsc anaiilas, ilc claniing can ai bcsi bc only ilc unclaiilicd namc
(namablasa). Tlc loly namc is always pcilcci in iiscll, bui namablasa obluscaics
ilc jiva's vision ol ii.

Namabhasa is counferacfed by sambandhafaffva

As long as ilc jiva is noi liimly csiablislcd in ilc lnowlcdgc ol sambandla-
iaiiva oi ilc coiicci undcisianding ol ilc iclaiionslip bciwccn God, His cncigics,
and ilc jiva, lc will coniinuc io clani in ilc namablasa siagc. Wlcn ilc sciious
clanici ialcs lull slclici ol a bonalidc spiiiiual masici, lc lcains low io cxpciily
pciloim dcvoiional scivicc and ilus dispcisc ilc misi and clouds in lis lcaii.
Oncc ilc cloud and misi aic icmovcd, ilc sun ol ilc loly namc slincs biillianily
oncc moic and bcsiows ilc dcvoicc wiil lovc ol Godlcad.

Sambandha as reIafionship, abhideya as indicafion, prayojana as necessify
Tlc bonalidc spiiiiual masici givcs ilc disciplc sambandla-jnana. Tlc
claniing ol ilc loly namc is ilc indicaiion (ablidcya) ol ilis cicinal iclaiionslip
(sambandla). Tlc spiiiiual masici cniluscs ilc disciplc io ialc up ablidcya oi
claniing. Tlc sun ol ilc loly namc ilcn slincs siiongci and cvapoiaics ilc misi
and clouds. Claniing ai ilis siagc bccomcs an indispcnsablc nccd (piayojana).
Piayojana lcads ilc dcvoicc io puic lovc ol Godlcad, ai wlicl poini lc
cxpciicnccs ccsiasy in cvciy momcni ol claniing. Tlc spiiiiual masici musi
cxaciingly cxplain sambandla-jnana io ilc disciplc, wlo in iuin musi icccivc ii
wiil piopci laiil. Tlc quinicsscncc ol ilis lnowlcdgc is ilai Loid Kisna is
cicinally ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad, ilc jiva is His cicinal sciviioi, and
ilc jiva's loving iclaiionslip wiil Kisna is lilcwisc cicinal as an inlcicni iiaii ol
lis naiuic.
In coniaci wiil maiciial naiuic, ilc jiva loigcis lis cicinal iclaiionslip wiil ilc
Loid and loiicis aimlcssly in ilis woild ol illusion scaicling loi bliss. Tlc
maiciial woild is a vciiiablc piison lousc wlcic ilc jiva is pcnalizcd loi iuining
lis bacl on Kisna. Ii consisis ol ilc louiiccn planciaiy sysicms wlicl iogcilci aic
lnown as ilc Dcvidlama. Tlcsc planciaiy sysicms aic ilc cclls wiilin ilc piison
wlcic ilc iccalciiiani jivas aic conlincd. Dcvidlama is noi a placc loi
cxpciicncing lappincss and bliss. Tlc maiciial socallcd plcasuics ollcicd io ilc
jivas lcic aic only icmpoiaiy, and as sucl aic ilc causc ol luiilci sullciing. As is
ilc plan ol any pcnal sysicm, ilc jivas aic giadually icloimcd iliougl ilis
puniiivc aiiangcmcni.

ly ilc mcicy ol a Vaisnava dcvoicc ol ilc Loid, an impiisoncd jiva may acccpi
ilc loly namc and ilc aiicndani sambandla-jnana and linally asccnd io puic lovc
ol Godlcad. Sucl a loiiunaic soul will considci cvcn sayujya-mulii oi impcisonal
libciaiion io bc icpiclcnsiblc. lui uniil lc is solidly gioundcd on ilc sambandla-
jnana undcisianding, lis claniing will bc polluicd by anaiilas. Tlis is
namablasa. In ilis siagc, ilc jiva cannoi clani ilc puic namc ol Kisna.

The resuIf of namabhasa chanfing

Howcvci, ilc valuc ol ilc namablasa siagc ol claniing is noi io bc
undcicsiimaicd, loi ii avails many posiiivc bcncliis io ilc jiva and incicascs lis
piciy. Vciily, namablasa pioovcs io bc onc ol ilc jiva's gicaicsi bcncliis. Ii ollcis
lim moic good loiiunc ilan all icligiosiiy, vows, yoga, oi saciiliccs can ollci
iogcilci.
In namablasa, all sins aic absolvcd, libciaiing ilc jiva liom ilc cllccis ol
Kaliyuga. Tlc namablasa clanici bccomcs a wcllwisling sciviioi ol ilc lallcn
souls bccausc lc liccs oilcis as wcll as limscll liom ilc discasc ol maiciial
consciousncss. Icai and disiicss aic subducd, allowing ilc clanici io cnjoy
sccuiiiy and cquanimiiy. Tlc misciics inllicicd by dcmons, glosis, lobgoblins,
cvil spiiiis and malclic planciaiy inllucnccs aic casily avciicd. Lvcn il ilc clanici
is dcsiincd loi ilc lcllisl plancis lc will aiiain libciaiion, bccausc piaiabdla-
laima (sinlul icaciions ol picvious livcs' aciiviiics ilai aic ialing cllcci now) is
counicicd.
Namablasa is gicaici ilan ilc icsuli ol siudying all ilc Vcdas, ol visiiing cvciy
pilgiimagc placc, oi ol pciloiming cvciy possiblc aliiuisiic and pious woil. Tlc
loui goals ollcicd in Vcdas - icligiosiiy, wcalil, scnsc cnjoymcni and libciaiion
aic madc liccly availablc by namablasa claniing. Ii is cndowcd wiil
unimaginablc powci io icclaim any living cniiiy. Ii bcsiows unlimiicd joy and
clcvaics cvcn ilc dciclicis io a vciy cxalicd siagc ol icalizaiion. Namablasa ollcis
cicinal icsidcncc in ilc spiiiiual abodc ol Vailunila, cspccially in Kaliyuga. Tlis
is ilc dcclaiaiion ol sciipiuic.

Namabhasa has four affifudes: sankefa, parihasa, sfobha and heIa
Tlc loui aiiiiudcs in namablasa claniing aic sanlcia (uninicniionally oi
coincidcnially), paiilasa (in jcsi oi iidiculc), siobla (dciisivcly) and lcla (wiil
disicgaid and ncglcci).
Sanlcia is ol iwo linds: 1) wlcn onc, ilougl inicnding io clani Loid Visnu's
namc, las a maiciial conccpiion ol ii, and 2) wlcn onc las somciling cniiicly
dillcicni ilan ilc Loid oi His namc on lis mind, bui clanis ilc loly namc bcing
somclow oi oilci icmindcd ol ilai iiansccndcnial sound. Tlc yavanas cai cows,
yci in spiic ol ilis ilcy can aiiain libciaiion by uiiciing 'laiam', an oidinaiy woid
ol ilcii languagc (Uidu). lccausc sanlcia is ilc lcasi ollcnsivc aiiiiudc ol
namablasa, ilc powci ol ilc loly namc is laigcly undiminislcd wlcn clanicd in
ilai way.

Claniing in jcsi - paiilasa, lilc Jaiasandla icsulis in libciaiion, as docs
claniing dciisivcly (siobla, lilc Sisupal). Lvcn claniing inaiicniivcly and wiil
disicgaid (lcla) icsulis in dclivciancc liom ilc pangs ol maiciial cxisicncc.
Namablasa claniing can puiily anyonc. Pcoplc ol low upbiinging lilc mlccclas,
gioss maiciialisis, and lazy pcisons can all avail ol ilis oppoiiuniiy io obiain
libciaiion.

The difference befween sraddhanamabhasa and namabhasa

Iaiillul claniing ilai is yci alllicicd by anaiilas is lnown as
siaddlanamablasa. Tlc clcmcni ol siaddla (laiil) is abscni in ilc loui aiiiiudcs
ol namablasa claniing; cvcn sanlcia claniing is iingcd wiil ncglcci. Nonilclcss,
ilc lowcsi aiiiiudc ol namablasa (lcla) givcs onc libciaiion, wlai io spcal ol
laiillul claniing. Claniing wiil laiil csiablislcs onc on ilc plailoim ol
sambandla-jnana, wlicl icsulis in iaii oi aiiiaciion loi ilc loly namc.
Siaddlanama aciually clcais away anaiilas vciy casily and quiclly.

Anaiilalicc namablasa claniing bccomcs suddlanama, wlicl givcs
Kisnapicma Sloii ol Kisnapicma, cvciy oilci succcss is availablc in namablasa.
Wlcn anaiilas aic nullilicd, ilcn namablasa is convciicd io nama oi
suddlanama, ilc puic namc. ly puic claniing and by lollowing ilc iulcs ol
sadlana as insiiucicd by guiu, sadlu and sasiia, onc slowly bui suicly acquiics
Kisna picma - lovc ol Godlcad. lui namablasa claniing can ncvci givc
Kisnapicma.

Tlai soul is indccd loiiunaic wlo las liccd limscll liom commiiiing nama
apaiadla in ilc namablasa siagc. Tlc ollcnsclcss siagc ol namablasa is lai
supciioi io laima and jnana, loi ii nuiiuics ilc sccd ol laiil ilai spiouis iaii oi
aiiiaciion. Tlis aiiiaciion lcads ilc clanici io suddlanama and linally io picma.
[Foofnofe 1 by Bhakfivinoda|
Tlc sciipiuics aic lillcd wiil woids lilc 'namablasa', 'Vaisnavablasa',
'siaddlablasa', 'iaii- ablasa', 'picmablasa', 'mulii-ablasa', cic. Tlc sullix 'ablasa'
las a spccial mcaning ilai is applicablc in many ways.
Ablasa (laini oi indisiinci imagc) is ol iwo soiis: svaiupa-ablasa and
piaiibimba-ablasa. Svaiupaablasa is ilc paiiial inliliiaiion ol ilc lull biilliancc.
Ioi cxamplc, on a cloudy day ilc ligli ol ilc sun is only paiiially visiblc bccausc
ilc lull biilliancc ol ilc sun is sladcd by ilc clouds. Namablasa causcd by ilc
cloudlilc covciings ol ignoiancc is callcd clayanamablasa oi 'ilc laini sladowy
namc.' Tlc way io ilc sladowy namc is opcncd by clayasiaddlablasa oi ilc laini
sladow ol siaddla (laiil).
Piaiibimba-ablasa mcans ilc icllcciion ol a disioiicd imagc ol ilc ical objcci,
as sunligli is disioiicd wlcn icllccicd oll ilc suilacc ol waici. Sucl a disioiicd,
biolcn icllcciion can ncvci icsuli in a complcic pciccpiion ol ilc oiiginal souicc
ol ligli.
Wlcn ilc iays ol ilc loly namc icllcci oll ilc lcaii ol a Mayavadi,
piaiibimbanamablasa appcais, bcqucailing sayujya-mulii upon ilc Mayavadis
wlo clani ii. Sucl claniing, lowcvci, will lail io gcnciaic ilc quinicsscncc ol
claniing - Kisnapicma. Indccd, ilis iypc ol namablasa is a majoi namapaiadla;
ilcicloic ii cannoi ically bc counicd as a namablasa ai all.
Clayanamablasa oi svaiupanamablasa is ilc ical namablasa, and is
subdividcd inio loui caicgoiics ol aiiiiudc, as picviously mcniioncd. Tlc
sciipiuics, wlilc piaising namablasa, pioluscly condcmn piaiibimba namablasa.
Clayanamablasa is ilc icsuli ol claniing ilc loly namc wiil anaiilas boin ol
ignoiancc. lui ilc claniing ol ilc loly namc wiil anaiilas nuiiuicd by wiclcd
and disioiicd plilosoply pioduccs piaiibimbanamablasa, and ilis is a majoi
obsiaclc io dcvoiional scivicc and a giavc ollcnsc.

A Vaisnavaablasa pcison, ilougl noi lonoicd as a gcnuinc Vaisnava, slould
siill bc givcn ilc icspcci duc a ncoplyic dcvoicc as long as lc is noi coniaminaicd
by ilc Mayavadi plilosoply. Sucl a pcison can casily bccomc clcvaicd by coniaci
wiil sainily pcisonaliiics. Tlc clcvaicd Vaisnavas considci sucl ncoplyics io bc
innoccni and so slowci mcicy on ilcm. Tlcy musi noi bc ignoicd and avoidcd
lilc ilc agnosiic Mayavadis. Tlc puic dcvoiccs will icsusciiaic ilc small spail ol
dcvoiion in ilc ncoplyics, cncouiagc ilcii piopcnsiiy io woislip ilc Dciiy and
piogicssivcly givc ilcm sambandla-jnana and csiablisl ilcm in dcvoiional scivicc
ol ilc Supicmc Loid and His dcvoiccs. lui il a ncoplyic cxlibiis a siiong
inclinaiion io incoiiigiblc Mayavadi aiiiiudcs, ilcn lc musi bc avoidcd. ¦Lnd ol
looinoic 1]

Wlcn sucl a pcison sccs puic liim laiil in oilcis, lc is impicsscd, and dim
laiil is involcd in lim by good associaiion. Dcsiiing clcvaiion, lc may clani
consianily, bui bccausc lc nuiiuics siiong aiiaclmcnis io scnsc plcasuic and
libciaiion, lis siaddla is noi ical ii mcicly appcais io bc siaddla. Tlis is dclincd
in ilc sciipiuics as piaiibimba-siaddla-ablasa. Hcncc, piaiibimba-siaddla-ablasa
icsulis in piaiibimba-namablasa. Il ilis soii ol namablasa bccomcs luiilci
abciiaicd by Mayavadi plilosoply, ilc clanici ilinls ilai ilc pcilcci and
iiansccndcnial namc ol ilc Loid is mundanc and impcilcci, and icquiics io bc
pcilccicd by impcisonal lnowlcdgc. Tlis ollcnsc obliiciaics wlaicvci liiilc bii ol
gcnuinc siaddla lc may lavc lad.

The difference befween chaya and prafibimba namabhasa

Claya-namablasa is sympiomaiic ol ignoiancc and wcalncss ol ilc lcaii.
Many anaiilas may plaguc ilc dcvoicc in ilis condiiion, bui all ilcsc laulis aic
icciilicd by coniinuous claniing ol ilc Loid's loly namc. lui piaiibimba-
namablasa claniing incicascs onc's ollcnscs.
Accoiding io ilc Mayavadis, Loid Kisna's namc, loim, qualiiics and pasiimcs
aic all illusoiy, lalsc, icmpoiaiy and coniaminaicd. Tlcy misialc picma oi puic
lovc ol Godlcad loi scniimcnialism. Mayavadi plilosoply claiaciciisiically
coniiadicis ilc dcvoiional pail ol blalii ai cvciy iuin. Tlcicloic, Mayavadis aic
ilc gicaicsi ollcndcis.
Tlc Mayavadi's claniing is noi ical claniing. Tlc syllablcs ol ilc Loid's namc
may cmanaic liom lis mouil, bui ilc vibiaiion is bcicli ol ilc poicncy ol ilc
Loid. His claniing is lillcd wiil ycainings loi scnsc plcasuic and libciaiion, and
all ilc wlilc lc ilinls ilc Loid's namc is maiciial. lccausc lc iiics io clcai, lis
claniing icsulis in uniclcniing misciy.

How does fhe Mayavadi redeem himseIf:

Il by somc good loiiunc ilc Mayavadi iclinquislcs ilc dcsiic loi scnsc
giaiilicaiion and libciaiion and, ilinling limscll a scivani ol Kisna, bcgins io
clani, lc bccomcs cxonciaicd liom lis ollcnscs and plilosoplical abciiaiions. Hc
ilcn ialcs slclici ol ilc loly namc and icpcnis. Tlis opcns ilc way io again lcai
liom and associaic wiil ilc puic dcvoiccs. Tlus lis claniing lcads lim io
compiclcnd sambandla-jnana. Il lc clanis wlilc coniinuously slcdding icais ol
coniiiiion, lc can involc ilc mcicy ol ilc loly namc.
The Mayavadi's offense is he sees bhakfi as maferiaI

Tlc Mayavadi considcis boil ilc iiansccndcnial loim ol Loid Kisna and ilc
jiva's consiiiuiional posiiion as ilc Loid's cicinal sciviioi io bc iiansicni and
imaginaiy. Tlis Mayavadi plilosoply is a giicvous namapaiadla. Namablasa is
iiuly a wisl lullilling iicc, loi ii cvcn ollcis io ilc Mayavadis ilc sayujya libciaiion
so dcsiicd by ilcm. lccausc ilc namc is omnipoicni, ii ollcis mulii-ablasa oi
sccming libciaiion in ilc piaiibimbanamablasa siagc. Amongsi ilc livc iypcs ol
libciaiion, sayujya (bccoming onc wiil God) is considcicd ablasa, oi mcicly ilc
lini ol libciaiion. Maiciial sullciing is indccd iciminaicd in sayujya, bui cciiain
spiiiiual doom lollows.

Tlc Mayavadis, capiivaicd by maya, lind sayujya plcasuiablc; bui ii is only a
mcic lini ol aciual lappincss. Tlcy loicvci loilcii iiansccndcnial cxisicncc,
lnowlcdgc, lappincss and dcvoiional scivicc, bccausc sayujyamulii obluscaics
icmcmbiancc ol Kisna. Wlcic is ilc qucsiion ol cicinal bliss wlcn ilc cicinaliiy
ol blalii and picma is doubicd'

If fhe chaya-namabhasa chanfer refrains from Mayavadi confaminafion, he
graduaIIy affains suddhanama

Il ilc claya-namablasa clanici is noi coniaminaicd by ailcisiic conccpis, ilcn
lc las a good clancc. Hc is ignoiani aboui ilc poicncy ol ilc loly namc, bui ii is
ilc inlcicni naiuic ol ilc namc io impicgnaic ilai lnowlcdgc inio ilc clanici.
Ioi cxamplc, ilc sun may noi bc visiblc wlcn ilc sly is cloudy, bui oncc ilc
clouds aic dispciscd, ilc sun slincs iliougl in lull gloiy. Tlc dispcial ol ilc
clouds ol anaiila and ignoiacc is gicaily assisicd by ilc powcilul inllucncc ol a
bonalidc spiiiiual masici, and in a sloii iimc ilc clanici is ablc io aiiain ilc puic
namc and Kisnapicma.

A devofee musf nof associafe wifh Mayavadis

Concluding lis cxplanaiion ol namablasa, Haiidasa said, "Tlc dcvoicc musi
diligcnily avoid ilc associaiion ol Mayavadis and scivc Vaisnavas wlo aic aiiaclcd
io ilc puic loly namc. O Loid Caiianya, ilis is Youi injunciion and wlocvci
lollows ii is vciy loiiunaic. Tlosc wlo disicgaid and disobcy ilis insiiuciion aic
wiciclcs wlo will sullci loi a lundicd million biiils. My Loid, plcasc icscuc mc
liom bad associaiion and lccp mc ai Youi loius lcci, loi I can scc no oilci
alicinaiivc io youi loius lcci."

Onc wlo ialcs slclici ai ilc lcci ol Siila Haiidasa Tlaluia will inccssanily
clani ilc loly namc and lind ical saiislaciion in lilc.

CHAPTER FOUR
TEN OFFENSES AGAINST THE HOLY NAME (NAMAPARADHA);
BLASPHEMY OF THE DEVOTEES (SADHU-NINDA)
IS THE FIRST OFFENSE
Infroducfory nofe by SriIa Bhakfivinoda Thakura:
¦"Namablasa was dcsciibcd in ilc picvious clapici; ilc ncxi icn clapicis dcal
wiil ilc icn ollcnscs io ilc loly namc, and Clapici Iouiiccn cxplains ollcnscs io
ilc Dciiy (scvapaiadla). Tlc nama and scva apaiadlas iniiially aiisc liom
anaiilas ilai causc namablasa. Il ilcsc apaiadlas aic noi coiiccicd and bccomc
inicniional, ilcy noi only impcdc onc's spiiiiual piogicss, bui icmovc onc liom
dcvoiional scivicc cniiicly, placing lim in lcll. Tlc liisi ol ilcsc ollcnscs is ilc
subjcci ol ilis clapici. Ciiiicism oi laimlul inicni io a qualilicd sadlu is a
sciious ollcnsc io ilc loly namc. How can ilc Loid iolciaic ciiiicism ol ilosc
wlo spicad ilc gloiics ol His namc'"]

All gloiics io Loid Sii Gauianga, ilc lilc ol Sii Gadadlaia Pandii; all gloiics io
Loid Niiyananda, ilc lcaii ol Siimaii Jalnavadcvi; all gloiics io Sii Advaiia
Acaiya, ilc Loid ol Moilci Siia; all gloiics io Siila Siivasa Pandii and all ilc
dcvoiccs ol Loid Caiianya.

Loid Caiianya said, "Haiidasa, now dcsciibc in dciail ilc ollcnscs againsi ilc
loly namc." Siila Haiidasa icplicd, "My Loid, wlaicvci I say will bc on Youi
piompiing alonc. I am a mcic puppci.

The fen offenses againsf fhe hoIy name

"Tlc sciipiuics cnumciaic icn ollcnscs againsi ilc loly namc. I am vciy lcailul
ol ilcsc ollcnscs. I will lisi ilcm onc by onc. As I do, plcasc givc mc ilc siicngil
io avoid ilcm, my Loid."
1) llasplcmy ol ilc dcvoiccs ol ilc Loid.

2) To considci dcmigods io bc indcpcndcni ol ilc Supicmc Loid, and io
similaily ilinl Loid Kisna's namc, loim, qualiiics and pasiimcs aic scpaiaic liom
Him.

3) To disobcy ilc spiiiiual masici wlo icvcals ilc iiuil aboui ilc loly namc.

+) To ciiiicizc ilc sciipiuics ilai dcsciibc ilc gloiics ol ilc loly namc.

5) To ilinl ilc cxccllcnccs and divinc qualiiics ol ilc loly namc aic imaginaiy,
and io so inicipici ilc sciipiuial gloiilicaiion ol ilc loly namc.

6) To commii sinlul aciiviiics on ilc siicngil ol ilc loly namc.

7) To insiiuci ilc laiillcss on ilc gloiics ol ilc loly namc.

S) To cquaic claniing ol ilc loly namc wiil auspicious iiiualisiic aciiviiics
iccommcndcd in ilc laimalanda scciions ol ilc Vcdas.
9) To bc inaiicniivc wlilc claniing ilc loly namc.

10) To noi dcvclop lovc loi ilc loly namc alici lcaining ilc ilc namc's gloiics
bccausc ol mainiaining aiiaclmcnis io ilc body and ilings iclaicd io ilc body.
To bIaspheme devofees is fhe firsf offense

To blasplcmc a dcvoicc ol ilc Loid is ilc liisi ollcnsc againsi ilc loly namc,
and ii complcicly disiupis onc's spiiiiual lilc. Tlc good qualiiics ol a dcvoicc lavc
bccn pcisonally dcsciibcd by Loid Kisna in His insiiuciions io Uddlava, as
iccoidcd in ilc Llcvcnil Canio ol Siimad llagavaiam.

Tlc dcvoicc is mcicilul; is iolciani; is cqual io all; docs pcnancc wiiloui
injuiing ilc body; is iiuillul; is puic-lcaiicd; is compassionaic; is licc liom lusi in
lis iniclligcncc; is masici ol ilc scnscs; malcs no claims ol owncislip; is gcnilc; is
clcan; is icgulaicd in caiing; is pcacclul; is apailciic io maiciialism; is paiicni; is
sicady; ialcs Loid Kisna as lis only slclici; is licc liom illusion; is giavc; las
conqucicd ovci lungci, iliisi, lamcniaiion, cnvy, old agc and dcail; docs noi
cxpcci lonoi liom oilcis; ollcis icspcci io oilcis; is cxpcii; is noi a clcaici; is
lnowlcdgcablc.
QuaIifies are of fwo kinds - svarupa and fafhasfa

Tlcsc qualiiics can bc dividcd inio iwo caicgoiics: svaiupa, oi ilc diicci and
indigcnous qualiiy ol any subsiancc, and iailasia, qualiiics ilai aic oinamcnial
and visiblc wlcn ilc subsiancc comcs in coniaci wiil somciling clsc. Tlc
dcvoicc's acccpiancc ol Loid Kisna as lis only slclici (Kisna cla saiana) is lis
svaiupa-lalsana, and all ilc oilci qualiiics aic iailasia.
Il by somc good loiiunc onc associaics wiil a Vaisnava, lc may dcvclop a iasic
loi ilc loly namc and ialcs complcic slclici ai Kisna's loius lcci. Tlus lc
dcvclops ilc svaiupa-lalsana, and ilcn iliougl coniinucd claniing lc will
giadually dcvclop all ilc oilci lalsanas oi sympioms. Tlc oilci sympioms aic
iailasia bui ncvciilclcss aic csscniially picscni in a Vaisnava.

SainfIiness depends nof on exfernaI designafion buf on svarupa-Iaksana

Lxicinal dcsignaiions sucl as ilc loui social and icligious oidcis ol bialmana,
lsaiiiya, vaisya, sudia and biamacaii, giilasila, vanapiasila, sannyasi aic noi ilc
sympioms ol a dcvoicc. Tlc sciipiuics say ilc qualiiy ol complcic suiicndci io
Loid Kisna is ilc lallmail ol a dcvoicc, and lc alonc can clani Kisna's namc
puicly.

Tliougl Raglunaila das Goswami's cxamplc, Sii Caiianya iaugli cvciyonc
low ilc piopci giilasila Vaisnava slould bclavc. Siila Raglunaila das Goswami
appcaicd noi in ilc bialmana casic bui in ilc inlciioi layasila casic ol ilc villagc
ol Sapiagiama. Tlc Loid insiiucicd lim noi io bc impaiicni and impulsivc, bui io
iciuin io lis lousclold lilc and icmain ilcic.
Onc is puiilicd in dcgiccs by lollowing ilis oidcily pioccss. Tlcic is no nccd io
picmaiuicly picicnd ilai onc is dciaclcd and icnounccd jusi io impicss pcoplc.
Rcnunciaiion las io ialc placc wiilin ilc lcaii. Wcaiing ilc dicss ol a icnunciaic
wlcn ilc scnscs aic siill unconiiollcd is callcd monlcy icnunciaiion oi
mailaiavaiiagya.
Tlc louscloldci slould icgulaily lullill lis duiics. Dciaiclmcni liom maiici
will naiuially aiisc wiilin lis lcaii as lc inicinally culiivaics liim laiil in Kisna
wlilc conduciing noimal cxicinal social dcalings among ilc pcoplc in gcncial.
Vciy quiclly Loid Kisna will pcisonally libciaic lim.

The sympfoms of a renounced sadhu

Wlcn Siila Raglunaila das Goswami ai lasi lcli lis lousclold and cmbiaccd a
sannyasi's lilc, ilc Loid pcisonally insiiucicd lim aboui ilc piopci pail ol
icnunciaiion. Tlc sannyasi slould noi cngagc in noi givc audicncc io liivolous
maiciialisiic convcisaiions. Tlc wcaiing ol linc cloilcs and ilc iasiing ol
dclicacics musi bc icjccicd. lcing always icady io ollci icspcci io oilcis,
dcmanding no icspcci loi oncscll, ilc sannyasi slould consianily clani ilc loly
namc. Hc slould icndci iniimaic scivicc io Sii Radla and Kisna in ilc mood ol
ilc icsidcnis ol Viaja.

The svarupa-Iaksana of bofh fhe househoIder and sannyasi is fhe same

Tlc svaiupa-lalsana oi piincipal sympiom (i.c. suiicndci io Loid Kisna) musi
picvail in a dcvoicc icgaidlcss ol lis vaina oi asiama. Tlc iailasia-lalsana oi
maiginal sympioms will naiuially vaiy accoiding io ilc vainas and asiamas, wlilc
undcviaiing suiicndci io Loid Kisna icmains as ilc lixcd sympiom ol dcvoiional
scivicc in all cascs.
Oncc lc las ilis sympiom, giadually bui unlailingly ilc maiginal sympioms
appcai in ilc dcvoicc's claiacici. Lvcn il ilc maiginal sympioms lavcn'i icaclcd
lull maiuiiiy in a suiicndcicd dcvoicc, and insicad somc sciious discicpancics aic
visiblc in lis claiacici, lc is siill io bc icspccicd as a sadlu oi sainily soul. Tlis is
ilc vcidici ol ilc sciipiuics as cxpicsscd in Loid Kisna's own woids in ilc
llagavad Giia, and ii musi bc givcn lull icspcci.
If is offensive fo crificize a devofee on fhe basis of his pasf sins

Wlcn onc las dcvclopcd a ical iasic loi claniing, ilcn a singlc uiiciancc ol ilc
loly namc can ciadicaic all picvious sins. Somc vcsiigcs ol sinlul icaciion may
siill icmain in a paiiiculai individual, bui ilcsc will sicadily bc icmovcd by ilc
pioccss ol claniing. As ilcsc lasi iiaccs ol sin disappcai, lc cmcigcs a puic
dcvoicc. Ol couisc, ilc lingciing iiaccs ol sin aic sccn by oidinaiy pcoplc as aciual
sin; il a dcvoicc is ciiiicizcd bccausc ol ilc iiaccs ol almosicxiiipaicd sin in lis
claiacici, ilai is a giicvous ollcnsc. Il ciiiicism is madc againsi a dcvoicc loi sins
commiiicd piioi io lis suiicndciing io Kisna, ilai is lilcwisc anoilci sciious
ollcnsc. Sucl a laulilindci suicly inviics ilc wiail ol Loid Kisna.

A few words on fhe principaI sympfom of a devofee

Onc wlo las lully suiicndcicd io Loid Kisna will naiuially only clani Loid
Kisna's namc. ly ilc giacc ol ilc Loid, sucl a pcison is cniiilcd io bc callcd a
sadlu. Only a dcvoicc ol Loid Kisna is cligiblc io bc icspccicd as a sadlu, and
nonc oilci. Onc wlo pioclaims limscll a sadlu is bui a clailaian and a biaggaii;
onc wlo lumbly says lc is a pooi soul suiicndcicd io Loid Kisna and wlo
consianily clanis Kisna's namc is a ical sadlu. Hc, considciing limscll lowci
ilan a bladc ol giass and moic iolciani ilan a iicc, ollcis all icspccis io oilcis
wiiloui cxpcciing any loi limscll. Tlc loly namc ol Kisna gianis sucl a sadlu
puic lovc ol Godlcad.

A Vaisnava firmIy fixed in fhe hoIy name is fhe reaI sadhu; crificizing him is
nama-aparadha
Hcaiing sucl a sadlu clani ilc loly namc, onc slould ollci lim all icspccis,
lnowing lim io bc a pcilcci Vaisnava. A Vaisnava is ilc spiiiiual masici ol ilc
woild, a iiuc liicnd ol cvciy bcing, and is always an occan ol compassion.
Anyonc wlo ciiiicizcs sucl a Vaisnava gocs diiccily io lcll and sullcis uniold
pains biiil alici biiil. Tlc doois ol blalii aic closcd io sucl an ollcndci bccausc
dcvoiional scivicc is ilc mcicilul gili ol a Vaisnava io ilc living cniiiics. Tlc
Vaisnava is an abodc ol Loid Kisna's spiiiiual poicncics; oilcis icccivc Kisna-
blalii only by lis conlidcniial associaiion.

Tlis puic blalii poicncy is disiiibuicd by a pcilccicd puic dcvoicc io ilc
aspiiani dcvoicc, and ilai dcvoicc, bccoming pcilcci, disiiibuics ii io anoilci
aspiiani. Tlus ilc blalii poicncy cxpands. Tlc ilicc gicai iouclsioncs ol blalii
salii aic ilc mcicy ol ilc puic dcvoicc in ilc loim ol lis caiablc icmnanis, ilc
waici liom lis looi bail, and ilc dusi liom lis loius lcci.
How a Vaisnava imbucs lis poicncy in oilcis: ly icmaining in ilc picscncc ol a
Vaisnava loi somc iimc, onc absoibs ilc blalii cncigy llowing liom ilc body ol
ilai sainily pcison. Il onc is sullicicnily laiillul, lc can bind ilai cncigy wiilin
lis own lcaii and cxpciicncc immcdiaic ccsiasy. ly jusi a momcni's associaiion
wiil a Vaisnava, blalii is involcd in ilc lcaii ol a pious pcison, wlo will
immcdiaicly bc inspiicd io clani Loid Kisna's namc; giadually, ilc loly namc
will awaid lim all good qualiiics.
[Foofnofe 1 by Bhakfivinoda|
Tlc poicncy oi salii ol puic dcvoiion is a blcnd ol lladini (Kisna's plcasuicgiving
poicncy) and samvii (Kisna's lnowlcdgcgiving poicncy). llalii icposcs in ilc
lcaii ol ilc iiansccndcnialisi and uscs lim as a vcliclc loi luiilci movcmcni.
Wlcn a jiva bccomcs licc liom cnvy and is inclincd io dcvoiional scivicc, ilc
blalii poicncy is ilcn iianslciicd liom ilc puic dcvoicc's lcaii inio ilai jiva's
lcaii, wlcic ii ialcs slclici ol lis soul and aclcivcs pcilcciion ilcic. Tlis is a
gicai mysiciy. ¦Lnd ol looinoic 1]

There are four kinds of bIasphemy of a devofee

Tlc ollcndci ciiiicizcs a Vaisnava aboui lis casic, oi somc unpicmcdiiaicd
accidcnial lall-down, oi ilc lasi iiaccs ol lis picvious sins, oi lis sinlul aciiviiics
piioi io lis suiicndciing io Loid Kisna. Sucl an ollcndci will ncvci dcvclop a
iasic loi claniing ilc loly namc.
Onc wlo las ialcn complcic slclici ol ilc puic dcvoiional pioccss is
considcicd a puic Vaisnava. Tlc loui abovcmcniioncd laulis may bc picscni in
lim, bui lc is ioially licc liom all oilci sloiicomings. Hcncc, ciiiicizing lim
spclls doom loi ilc ollcndci. Tlc gloiics ol ilc loly namc aic piopagaicd by ilc
Vaisnava, and Loid Kisna docs noi iolciaic any ciiiicism againsi lim. Onc may
discaid all oilci aciiviiics lilc icligiosiiy, yoga, saciiliccs, liuiiivc aciiviiics,
cmpiiical lnowlcdgc and so on; il onc simply clanis ilc loly namc, ilai is ilc
quinicsscncc ol spiiiiual culiuic.

The sadhu fakes compIefe sheIfer of fhe hoIy name
Ncvci ciiiicizing dcmigods oi oilci sciipiuics, ilc Vaisnava simply clanis ilc
loly namc. Rcgaidlcss ol wlcilci sucl a sadlu is a louscloldci oi a sannyasi,
onc slould cagcily ialc ilc dusi liom lis loius lcci. Tlc puiiiy ol a Vaisnava is
judgcd by low mucl aiiiaciion oi iaii lc las loi ilc namc. His puiiiy las noiling
wlaisocvci io do wiil lis ollicial siaius as a Vaisnava, oi lis wcalil, ciudiiion,
youil, plcasing appcaiancc, siicngil oi lollowing.
Onc wlo aspiics io ialc slclici ol ilc loly namc musi slun ilc piopcnsiiy io
ciiiicizc dcvoiccs. Puic dcvoiion in ilc claniing ol ilc loly namc dcpcnds on
associaiion wiil ilc puic dcvoicc and lis puic dcvoiion. Wiiloui ilis assocaiion,
cvciyiling bccomcs pcivciicd and spoili. llalii immcdiaicly icccdcs ai ilc liisi
indicaiion ol sadluninda, wlicl immcdiaicly bccomcs nama-apaiadla. Lci ilc
aspiiani dcvoicc icjcci sadluninda and associaic wiil and scivc ilc puic dcvoiccs.

There are fwo fypes of bad associafion, fhe firsf being associafion wifh women

Tlc piopci Vaisnava bclavioi is io avoid asaisanga oi bad company ilai
inllucnccs a pcison io disicspcci a sadlu. lad associaiion is ol iwo linds. Tlc
liisi is associaiion wiil a woman, wlicl mcans ciilci io lavc illicii conncciion
wiil a woman oilci ilan onc's wilc, oi io bc cxccssivcly lond ol onc's own wilc.
Tlc sciipiuics pcimii a lusband only a piopcily icgulaicd iclaiionslip wiil lis
spousc. Kccping company wiil a liccniious oi lcnpcclcd man also lalls wiilin
ilis liisi caicgoiy ol asai sanga oi bad associaiion.

Non-devofees are of fhree kinds

Tlc sccond iypc ol bad associaiion is io mix wiil nondcvoiccs. Tlcic aic
ilicc linds ol non-dcvoiccs: ilc Mayavadi, ilc dlaimadlvaji (picicndci), and ilc
niiisvaia (ailcisi). Mayavadis ncvci acccpi ilc Supicmc Loid's loim as bcing
cicinal. Tlcy say ilc Dciiy loim ol ilc Loid is maiciial, and ilai ilc jiva is also a
pioduci ol maya. A dlaimadlvaji is a pcison wlo las no dcvoiion oi aiiaclmcni
in ilc lcaii bui malcs a slow ol ii cxicinally. Hc wcais ilc cloilcs ol a dcvoicc io
accomplisl maiciialisiic cnds. A niiisvaia is a nonbclicvci wlo icjccis God
ouiiigli. A sciious aspiiani oi sadlala musi slun sucl bad associaiion. Il anyonc
aigucs ilai avoiding sucl nondcvoiccs is sadluninda, ilcii company musi also bc
slunncd. Onc las io lccp away liom sucl bad associaiion and ialc complcic
slclici ol ilc loly namc. Only ilcn is lovc ol Godlcad cnsuicd.
There are fhree kinds of devofees; fhe Iowesf is fhe kanisfha devofee

Tlc ncoplyic dcvoicc (lanisila Vaisnava) displays a laiil ilai is loimal and
woildly. Hc woislips ilc Dciiy bui las no scivicc aiiiiudc iowaids ilc dcvoiccs ol
ilc Loid. Hc is almosi a Vaisnava (Vaisnavapiaya), bui is noi a ical Vaisnava yci;
lcncc, lc is noi ablc io ialc lull advaniagc ol sadlusanga. Sucl a ncoplyic will
lavc io icccivc ilc blcssings ol a puic dcvoicc io advancc luiilci.

The madhyama devofee

Tlc madlyama dcvoicc lnows wcll ilc impoiiancc ol ilc Loid's dcvoiccs, and
icmains always in ilcii associaiion. Hc is convinccd ol Kisna's posiiion as ilc
Loid, ilc jivas as His cicinal scivanis, ilc mcans ol advanccmcni as blalii and ilc
goal as picma. Hc is compassionaic io ilc innoccni and avoids ilc company ol
ailcisis.
Tlc madlyama siagc ol dcvoicc mails ilc bcginning ol puic Vaisnavism
bccausc ai ilis siagc onc bccomc cligiblc io clani ilc puic namc. Tlc madlyama
dcvoicc lnows wcll ilc dillcicni cllccis ol dillcicni iypcs ol associaiion. Hc
disiinguislcs bciwccn ilc Vaisnavas and ilc non-Vaisnavas, loi lc is cspccially
icquiicd io scivc ilc advanccd dcvoiccs and avoid asaisanga and sadlu nindla.
Indccd, ilis is lis ncccssiiy. Il lc ncglccis io dillcicniiaic bciwccn ilc giadcs ol
dcvoiccs and bciwccn Vaisnavas and nonVaisnavas, ilcn lc siands io commii
Vaisnava apaiadla.
The uffama devofee

A puic dcvoicc ol ilc liglcsi oidci sccs Loid Kisna manilcsi cvciywlcic and
lnows ilai cvciyiling icsis in Him. Hc sccs Kisna is lis vciy lilc and soul. Hc is
unconccincd wiil disiinciions ol wlo is a Vaisnava and wlo is noi ilus loi lim
ilcic is no icgulaiion io scivc a Vaisnava. His wlolc lilc icvolvcs aiound ilc loly
namc, wlicl lc considcis io bc ilc csscncc ol cvciyiling.

Tlc sciipiuics dcclaic ilai a lanisila dcvoicc, bcing ignoiani ol ilc piopci
aiiiiudcs iowaids Kisna, ilc dcvoiccs and ilc loly namc, is only capablc ol
namablasa claniing. A madlyama dcvoicc is woiily ol claniing ilc puic namc:
ilcicloic lc musi always caiclully avoid ollcnscs io oilci dcvoiccs, so ilai lis
claniing will bc puic. Tlc uiiama Vaisnava can ncvci commii any ollcnsc,
bccausc lc pciccivcs Loid Kisna cvciywlcic.

Lvciy sadlala slould considci ilcsc poinis calmly and icllcci upon lis ical
posiiion. Iiisi, lc musi siop sadluninda. Tlcn lc slould clani wiil liim laiil,
accoiding io lis siaius as a Vaisnava. Hc slould aspiic io bccomc lixcd on ilc
madlyama plailoim iliougl associaiion wiil cqual dcvoiccs, scivicc io supciioi
dcvoiccs, avoidancc ol nondcvoiccs, compassion loi all living cniiiics and consiani
claniing ol ilc loly namc.
The remedy for sadhuninda

Il anyonc ollcnds a dcvoicc in a momcni ol dclusion oi madncss, lc musi lall
ai ilc dcvoicc's lcci and icpcni biiicily and, wccping and lull ol coniiiiion, bcg
loigivcncss. Hc slould dcclaic limscll a lallcn wicicl, in nccd ol ilai dcvoicc's
giacc. A dcvoicc is vciy mcicilul; lis lcaii will solicn and lc will cmbiacc ilc
ollcndci, ilus cxonciaiing lim liom lis ollcnscs.
Concludcd Tlaluia Haiidasa, "I ollci ilis cxplanaiion ol ilc liisi ol icn nama-
apaiadlas ai Youi loius lcci."

Onc wlo is lilc a bumblc-bcc lingciing ilc loius lcci ol Siila Haiidasa Tlaluia
will lind lis lilc and soul in ilis Haiinama Ciniamani.
CHAPTER FIVE
WORSHIPING THE DEMIGODS INDEPENDENTLY OF KRSNA
IS THE SECOND OFFENSE
All gloiics io Loid Sii Gauianga, ilc lilc ol Sii Gadadlaia Pandii; all gloiics io
Loid Niiyananda, ilc lcaii ol Siimaii Jalnavadcvi; all gloiics io Sii Advaiia
Acaiya, ilc Loid ol Moilci Siia; all gloiics io all ilc dcvoiccs ol Loid Caiianya.

Siila Haiidasa Tlaluia coniinucd spcaling wiil loldcd lands: "O Loid ol ilc
Univcisc, now I piay ilai You may lisicn io my cxplanaiion ol ilc sccond ollcnsc
againsi ilc loly namc." Visnuiaiiva, oi ilc piinciplc ol ilc Supicmc Godlcad
Visnu Loid Visnu is ilc supicmc nondual Absoluic Tiuil. Tlougl Hc is ilc
uliimaic loid ol maiciial cicaiion, His own loim is iiansccndcnial, bcing always
siiuaicd in puic goodncss. Loid Kisna in Golola is ilc oiiginal and supicmc loim
ol Visnu. Kisna is cmbcllislcd wiil sixiy-loui cxiiaoidinaiy cxccllcnccs, and Hc
is ilc slclici ol all iiansccndcnial mcllows. Loid Naiayana posscsscs sixiy ol
ilosc cxccllcnccs, and io a lcssci dcgicc ol lullncss ilan Him, so do Loid Visnu
and ilc puiusaavaiaias.

[Foofnofe 1 by Bhakfivinoda|
Loid Naiayana, ilc Loid ol Vailunila, is Loid Kisna's vilasavigiala oi paiiial
cxpansion. In Vailunila, ilc Sanlaisana loim ol Naiayana cxpands as Mala-
Visnu, Wlo lics in ilc Causal Occan. Tlis is ilc liisi puiusa cxpansion; ilc ncxi
is Gaibodalasayi Visnu, ilc souicc ol lialma. Hc cnicis cvciy univcisc as ilc
puiusaavaiai. Hc luiilci cxpands as Ksiiodalasayi Visnu, ilc Supcisoul wiilin
cvciy living cniiiy.
Tlc ilicc puiusa cxpansions aic lnown as Loid Visnu. Ksiiodalasayi Visnu is
ilc souicc ol ilc incainaiions lilc Maisya, Kuima, cic. All ilcsc incainaiions aic
dillcicni loims ol ilc samc Visnu piinciplc and aic oinamcnicd wiil sixiy
iiansccndcnial claiaciciisiics. Tlc saliyavcsaavaiaias aic jiva-iaiiva; in ilcm ilc
poicncy ol ilc Loid las dcsccndcd. Tlcy aic Loid's scpaiaicd cxpansions oi
viblinnamsa and aic cxcmplilicd as Paiasuiama, luddla, Piiilu, and so on. ¦Lnd
ol looinoic 1]

Tlc Supicmc Loid's scpaiaicd paiis oi viblinnamsa aic ol iwo caicgoiics. Tlc
oidinaiy jivas posscss only liliy ol ilc Loid's iiansccndcnial claiaciciisiics, and
ilcsc in lcssci dcgicc. lui in ilc sccond caicgoiy ol jivas, including ilc dcmigods,
ilc samc liliy claiaciciisiics aic lound in lull poicncy. Addiiionally, livc moic
qualiiics aic paiiially cvidcni in Siva. Tlcsc livc qualiiics aic cxlibiicd in lull
poicncy only by ilc Visnu caicgoiy. Tlus ilc Visnu loims aic adoincd io ilc
lullcsi dcgicc wiil ilc liliylivc qualiiics ol ilc dcmigods. Tlcy luiilcimoic display
an cxiia livc qualiiics loi a ioial ol sixiy, wlicl aic visiblc io a dcgicc ol absoluic
lullncss in Loid Naiayana alonc. Siva and ilc oilci dcmigods aic ilc Supicmc
Loid's sciviiois. Tlougl ilc dcmigods aic supciioi jivas, ilc Supicmc Loid Visnu
is ilc masici and coniiollci ol ilc jivas and dcmigods alilc.

Ouf of sheer ignorance, peopIe equafe fhe Supreme Lord wifh fhe demigods

Pcoplc wlo aic ignoiani ol ilc Visnuiaiiva piinciplc iiy io cquaic ilc Supicmc
Loid wiil ilc dcmigods, bui Siva and ilc oilci dcmigods aic simply ilc oidci
caiiicis ol ilc Supicmc Loid Visnu.
Mayavadis say ilai lialman is ically impcisonal and loimlcss, and ilai ilc
woislipablc loims ol God (i.c. ilc ilicc picdominaiing dciiics ol ilc modcs ol
goodncss, passion and ignoiancc) aic maiciial. lui ilc sciipiuics uncquivocally
dcclaic ilai lialma only cicaics ilc maiciial woild and Siva only dcsiioys ii,
wlilc Loid Naiayana oi Loid Visnu mainiains cvciyiling cicinally, including
lialma and Siva and ilcii cyclcs ol cicaiion and dcsiiuciion. Tlcicloic only Hc is
ilc cicinal woislipablc Loid. Wlocvci woislips oilci dcmigods and disicgaids
Vasudcva, ilc Supicmc Loid Naiayana, iois cicinally in ilc lcll ol maiciial
cxisicncc.
On ilc basis ol ilc Vcdas, somc pcisons, acccpiing Loid Visnu as ilc all-
pcivading Absoluic Tiuil, aiguc ilai sincc ilc Loid is picscni in all ilc dcmigods,
ilc woislip ol dcmigods is cquivalcni io ilc woislip ol Loid Visnu. Tlis
aigumcni is lallacious. Tlc sciipiuics do noi suppoii ilc noiion ilai ilc woislip
ol ilc dcmigods is ilc samc as ilc woislip ol Loid Visnu. In iiuil, Loid Visnu's
woislip accomplislcs ilc woislip ol all ilc dcmigods. Hcncc, scpaiaic woislip
ol dcmigods is noi icquiicd.
Tlc coiicci inicipiciaiion ol ilc Vcdic iiuil is: il Loid Visnu is omnipicscni,
ilcn woislip ol Him is auiomaiically woislip ol all ilc dcmigods. ly waiciing ilc
ioois, a iicc piospcis, bui by waiciing ilc limbs, lcavcs and bianclcs, ilc iicc
wiilcis and dics. Only loolisl pcoplc wlo lavc loigoiicn all Vcdic piinciplcs can
commii sucl a misialc. Tlcy lail io undcisiand ilai woislip ol Loid Visnu is an
cicinal aciiviiy in puic goodncss, bcyond ilc ilicc maiciial modcs.
Duc io ilc advcni ol Kali Yuga and ilc coniaminaiion ol Mayavada, pcoplc
disicgaid ilc supicmc posiiion ol Loid Visnu and woislip ilc dcmigods
indcpcndcnily ol Him. Individual dcmigods ollci only spccilic bcncliis, wlilc ilc
Supicmc Loid Visnu alonc can ollci all bcncdiciions. Hc is ilc mainiainci ol
cvciyonc. Il only ilcsc giccdy maiciialisis could icalizc ilc advaniagc ol
woisliping Loid Visnu, ilcy would abandon ilai lind ol dcmigod woislip.

A househoIder Vaisnava's responsibiIifies
Tlc louscloldci Vaisnava slould simply woislip Kisna in all ol lis duiics and
noi woiiy aboui iiansgicssing ilc Vcdic codcs. Ioi cxamplc, in all samslaias
liom inscminaiion (gaibladlana) io luncial iiics (aniycsili), lc slould woislip
Kisna iliougl ilc Vcdic maniias. Tlc ical puipoii ol ilc Vcdic injunciions is
ilai onc slould woislip Visnu and ilc Vaisnavas diiccily and woislip ilc
loilailcis and dcmigods by ollciing ilcm ilc icmnanis ol Visnu and Vaisnava
woislip.
Il on ilc oilci land ilc louscloldci dcvoicc woislips ilc dcmigods oi
loiclailcis diiccily, as is ilc Mayavadi mcilod, lc commiis ilc sccond ollcnsc io
ilc loly namc and is immcdiaicly disqualilicd liom ilc pail ol puic blalii.
Anoilci dangcious loim ol ilis samc namapaiadla is io considci dcmigods
lilc Siva io bc scpaiaic supicmc diviniiics. Sucl polyilcism is a lcinous ollcnsc.
"Loid Visnu is ilc Supicmc Godlcad, bui Loid Siva and ilc oilci dcmigods aic
also individual supicmc godlcads" sucl ilinling is complcicly wiong.
Onc can, lowcvci, woislip ilc dcmigods as gunaavaiaias, saliyavcsaavaiaias
oi as Loid Visnu's scivanis. No onc is indcpcndcni ol ilc Visnu's coniiol, loi Hc
is ilc Supicmc Coniiollci and masici ol all cncigics. Dcmigods lilc Siva, lialma,
Gancsa and Suiya lavc bccn invcsicd wiil ilc Supicmc Loid's poicncics. Hcncc,
ilcy aic powcilul. Tlc Supicmc Loid is onc, ilc icsi aic His cncigics.
Tlc louscloldci dcvoicc slould abandon ouiiigli all maiciialism in ilc
cxccuiion ol lis duiics. Hc slould incicasc lis mood ol puic dcvoiion wlilc
saiislying lis social and icligious obligaiions accoiding io ilc vainasiama sysicm.
Hc slould bc convinccd ilai jusi by woisliping Kisna and His dcvoiccs, all icsulis
will bc aiiaincd.
[Foofnofe 2 by Bhakfivinoda|
Human sociciy slould conduci iiscll accoiding io ilc guidclincs ol ilc
vainasiama sysicm; sucl a lilcsiylc is callcd sanaianadlaima oi 'cicinal icligion'.
India is ilc land ol piciy (punyablumi), and ilc vainasiama icligious sysicm was
iniioduccd and implcmcnicd ilcic by gicai sagcs ol yoic. In oilci couniiics
vainasiama is also picscni in somc loim, ilougl ii ncvci cvolvcd inio ilc
pcilccicd socio-icligious sysicm ilai was csiablislcd in India. Human naiuic
cannoi lind lull cxpicssion noi aiiain consummaiion wiiloui ilc social divisions
ol vaina. ¦Lnd ol looinoic 2]
Lvcn ilc lowboin ouicasics aic lully cligiblc io cnici dcvoiional scivicc io
Kisna. lui ilcy musi livc ilcii livcs licc liom sin and ollcnscs; ilcy will do ilai
only by submiiiing io ilc duiics ol louscloldci lilc picsciibcd ai lcasi loi ilc
sudia class. Wiiloui siiuaiing oncscll in onc ol ilc loui vainas, ilcic is no
qucsiion ol dlaima oi icligious lilc. Lvcn ilosc dcsiiing jusi ilcii own maiciial
wcllaic icspcci ilc cusioms ol vainasiamadlaima.
On ilc siicngil ol woisliping Kisna in lull suiicndci, onc is giadually clcvaicd
iliougl vainasiamadlaima io ilc plailoim ol sainilincss. lui il onc lollows ilc
vainasiama sysicm wiiloui woisliping Loid Kisna, lc is doomcd. Lvciy
louscloldci is obligcd io lullil lis vainasiama icsponsibiliiics. Hc slould
ilcicloic livc wiil icsiiaini and acccpi only wlai is csscniial loi sciving Loid
Kisna, and lullill ilc loimal iulcs and icsponsibiliiics ol lis vaina. Onc casily
accomplislcs all ilis simply by claniing ilc loly namc and cngaging in dcvoiional
scivicc. Moicovci, onc aiiains blava oi spiiiiual ccsiacy by ilcsc samc dcvoiional
piaciiccs. Wiil ilc advcni ol blava, onc iiansccnds ilc juiisdiciion ol iulcs and
icgulaiions.
As long as onc nccds a icgulaicd, loimal social lilc, lc musi icmain wiilin ilc
bounds ol vainasiama. lui alici ilc liisi siiiiings ol lovc ol Godlcad wiil ilc
aiiainmcni ol blava, ilc jiva's own divinc naiuic bccomcs appaicni: lc will ilcn
icquiic no luiilci inspiiaiion liom ilc cxicinal guidclincs ol vainasiamadlaima.
Tlc mood ol blava is incompiclcnsiblc io maiciialisiic pcisons bccausc ii is
iiansccndcnially dynamic, appcaiing in a pcison by iis own voliiion icgaidlcss ol
ilai pcison's vaina oi asiama. Tlc Vaisnava louscloldci wlo lollows ilis pail ol
Kisna conscious vainasiamadlaima wiil singlcmindcdncss, slunning ilc
Mayavadi coniaminaiion, ilus iiansccnds ilc limiis ol vaina and asiama.
Lord Visnu's name and quaIifies are nof differenf from Him; Iack of fhis
knowIedge is namabhasa
Loid Visnu's namc, loim, qualiiics and so on slould ncvci bc vicwcd as bcing
scpaiaic liom ilc Loid Himscll. Hc is nondual (advayaiaiiva); as ilc complcic
wlolc, Hc is ilc Supicmc Absoluic. Il duc io ignoiancc somconc las a dualisiic
conccpi ol God, lc can ai bcsi iisc io ilc namablasa siagc ol claniing, bui lc will
ncvci icacl picma. Tlcn again, il lc can gci ilc mcicy ol a bona lidc spiiiiual
masici and can ovcicomc lis anaiilas, lc will aiiain ilc puic namc by ilc
piogicssivc clcaiing pioccss.
[Foofnofe 3 by Bhakfivinoda|
Scllopinionaicd plilosoplcis lall inio dualiiy wlcn ilcy iiy io conccpiualizc
God wiil ilcii iiny biains. Imposing dualiiy upon Loid Visnu is an ollcnsivc
icndcncy ilai is vciy dilliculi io ovcicomc. Mayavadi plilosoplcis pioposc ilai
lialman is loimlcss and impcisonal, and ilai Loid Visnu's namc, loim cic aic all
pioducis ol illusion; wiil ilc liliing ol ilc vcil ol illusion, ilcy cxpcci io pciccivc
Loid Visnu as impcisonal lialman and noiling moic. lui sucl aigumcnis aic
loolisl and nililisiic. Tlc Mayavadi vicwpoini sicms liom madncss and a
siubboin ignoiancc ol ilc laci ilai ilc Supicmc Loid is cndowcd wiil
omnipoicncy. 'Omnipoicni lialman' is vciily a namc loi ilc Supicmc Pcison,
Loid Visnu. ¦Lnd ol looinoic]
Tlc iniclligcncc ol ilc Mayavadi plilosoplci is cxiicmcly dcmcnicd. Sccing
ilai ilc maiciial cxisicncc is vaiicgaicd, lc concludcs ilai ilc spiiiiual cxisicncc,
bcing opposiic io ilc maiciial icalm, musi bc void. Tlis incomplcic, immaiuic
ilcoiizing lcads lim io imaginc lialman as diy and impcisonal. In iis oiiginal
siaic, lialman las a namc, loim, qualiiics, pasiimcs and so on bui ilc Mayavadi
is incapablc ol acccpiing ilis iiuil. Il lc would acccpi ii, lialman would appcai
bcloic lim as Loid Visnu.
Mayavada is ilc wiciclcd condiiion ol luman cxisicncc, and ilc puic dcvoicc
is ilc scouigc ol ilis misclicvious plilosoply. Hc csiablislcs ilc coiicci
sciipiuial vicwpoini ilai ilc Supicmc Loid is nondillcicni liom His namc, loim,
pasiimcs and qualiiics.
Nirvisesa and Savisesa Visnu versus fhe Mayavadi nofion of Brahman
loil ilc pcisonal and impcisonal lcaiuics aic inlcicni in Loid Visnu's divinc
lcing. Tlc Loid's aciniyasalii (inconccivablc poicncy) laimoniously displays His
pcisonal and impcisonal aspccis (saviscsa, wiil vaiiciy, and niiviscsa, wiiloui
vaiiciy). Tlc Supicmc Onc, by His aciniyasalii, cxlibiis allaiiiaciivc bcauiy and
pasiimcs ilai silcncc all coniiadicioiy spcculaiions aboui Him.
Human iniclligcncc is limiicd and puny. Ii cannoi casily lailom ilc Loid's
inconccivablc poicncy. So wlcn a luman bcing iiics io conccivc ol a supicmc
iiuil wiil lis inadcquaic biain, lc can only comc as lai as ilc impcisonal
lialman, wlicl is a paiiial icpicscniaiion ol ilc Absoluic Wlolc. In ilis way lc
is divciicd liom ilc supicmc goal ol woislip, Loid Visnu, wlosc loius lcci aic
woislipcd cvcn by ilc gicai dcmigods. Ignoiani ol ilc bcnclii lc las losi, lc
bccomcs aiiaclcd io ilc woislip ol impcisonal lialman. lui anyonc wlo
compiclcnds ilc iiansccndcnial naiuic ol ilc namc, loim and qualiiics ol ilc
Supicmc Loid, lnowing ilcm io bc noi dillcicni liom Him, can pciccivc Loid
Kisna in His divinc lullncss by claniing His loly namc puicly.
Dualiiy cxisis only on ilc maiciial planc lcic a namc is dillcicni liom ilc
objcci ii idcniilics. lui as ilis is noi ilc casc on ilc spiiiiual plailoim, ii is a gioss
blundci io imaginc sucl a dillcicncc bciwccn ilc Loid and His namc, loim,
qualiiics and so on. Tlc samc piilall cniiaps ilosc wlo considci Siva and oilci
dcmigods io bc indcpcndcni ol ilc Supicmc Loid's coniiol.
Why devofees do nof mix wifh Mayavadis
Tlc dcvoicc wlo las ialcn singlcmindcd slclici in ilc loly namc is a iiuly
clcvaicd soul. Hc woislips Kisna and no onc clsc as ilc Supicmc Loid. Hc docs
noi aiiacl ilc dciiics ol oilci sciipiuics, bui woislips and icspccis ilcm as
sciviiois ol Loid Kisna. Hc always icliains liom diy spcculaiion. Wlcn dillcicni
sciipiuics iiy io csiablisl ilc supciioiiiy ol oilci dcmigods, ii is only io laciliiaic
ilc limiicd abiliiy ol a paiiiculai mcnialiiy io giasp ilc absoluic iiuil. Tlcsc
sciipiuics aic aciually iiying io clcvaic ilcii lollowcis io bccomc dcvoiccs ol
Kisna. Tlcicloic onc slould ncvci ciiiicizc oilci sciipiuics and ilc dcmigods
dcsciibcd ilcicin, loi sucl ciiiicism is an ollcnsc.
A dcvoicc slould noi acccpi icmnanis ol lood oi gailands liom a Mayavadi,
cvcn il ilcy wcic ollcicd io Loid Visnu, bccausc a Mayavadi's woislip is impuic.
A Mayavadi's claniing ol ilc loly namc is lilcwisc ollcnsivc. Tlc Loid ncvci
acccpis ilc Mayavadi's ollciings oi woislip. Ii is also an ollcnsc loi ilc dcvoicc io
acccpi gailands and oilci icmnanis ol dcmigod woislip, loi ilis is dciiimcnial io
ilc dcvclopmcni ol puic dcvoiion. lui il a dcvoicc woislips Kisna and ollcis His
icmnanis io ilc dcmigods, ii will noi bc ollcnsivc io icccivc ilcsc icmnanis, noi
will onc's spiiiiual dcvclopmcni bc lampcicd in any way.
A puic dcvoicc musi always avoid ilc sccond ollcnsc io ilc loly namc and
clani ilc namc consianily. Tlus lc aiiains picma. His cniiic succcss is lound in
ilc loly namc.
The remedy for fhe offense
Illusion and madncss blind ilc jiva, and ilus lc ilinls ilai oilcis aic also on
ilc samc plailoim as Loid Visnu. Tlc only icmcdy is io icpcni inicnscly and
mcdiiaic on Loid Visnu, Kisna, loi by ilis icmcmbiancc all ollcnscs aic dissolvcd.
Tlcicalici, onc musi mciiculously avoid commiiiing ilc samc ollcnsc again.
Rcmcmbiancc ol ilc Loid is ilc mosi cllcciivc pcnancc; ilc Vcdas always
iccommcnd impciilcd bialmanas io mcdiiaic upon ilc loius lcci ol Loid Visnu loi
pioicciion. Rcmcmbciing ilc Loid's namc is ilc samc as mcdiiaiing upon His
loius lcci. Tlc loly namc can dispcisc all picvious ollcnscs, loi ii acis as ilc
dcvoicc's bcsi liicnd. Tlc Loid is an occan ol mcicy and loigivcncss. Lilc a dcai
liicnd, lc loigivcs onc loi picvious misialcs.
In conclusion, ilc dcvoicc musi disassociaic limscll liom dcmigod
woislippcis and polyilcisis and sccl ilc company ol Vaisnavas wlo cxclusivcly
woislip Kisna as ilcii Supicmc Loid.
Onc wlo is blcsscd wiil lovc and dcvoiion and ialcs plcasuic in sciving Siila
Haiidas Tlaluia's loius lcci will lind ilis bool Haiinama Ciniamani as valuablc as
lilc iiscll.
CHAPTER SIX
TO DISRESPECT AND DISOBEY THE SPIRITUAL MASTER
(GURUAVA]NA)
IS THE THIRD OFFENSE
All gloiics io Sii Pancaiaiiva and Sii Sii RadlaMadlava. All gloiics io
Navadwipadlama, Viajadlama, Jamunadcvi and all ilc Vaisnava dcvoiccs.
Siila Haiidasa Tlaluia said, "O Loid, lindly allow mc io cxplain ilc iliid
namaapaiadla. Tlis apaiadla is io disobcy ilc oidcis ol ilc spiiiiual masici and
ilus io disicspcci lim."
Tlc soul iiavcls iliougl many lilciimcs in dillcicni bodics and ai lasi gcis a
clancc ai ilc iaic luman biiil, wlicl is auspicious in cvciy icspcci. Tlc soul las
ioiaicd iliougl S,+00,000 dillcicni spccics, Ii is by ajnaiasuliiii oi uninicniional
pious aciiviiics ilai ilc soul linally aiiains a luman body. A biiil in ilc luman
loim is mosi uncommon, bccausc only in ilai body aic spiiiiual aciiviiics possiblc
io pciloim, unlilc any oilci spccics.
A dcmigod oi dcnizcn ol ilc lcavcnly plancis is dcsiincd only io cnjoy ilc
icaciions ol lis pasi good laima. Hc cannoi voluniaiily iniiiaic any spiiiiual
aciiviiics. Animals aic lilcwisc bound by laimic icaciions and aic ioo siccpcd in
gioss ignoiancc io undciialc any pious aciiviiics indcpcndcnily. Tlc luman biiil
alonc is mosi conducivc loi spiiiiual lilc and scivicc io ilc Supicmc Loid.
A spirifuaI masfer is essenfiaI for everyone
Yci ilc laci icmains ilai ilis body is iiansicni. Il onc docs noi caiclully
cndcavoi loi scllicalizaiion, wlicl is ilc gicaicsi bcncdiciion, ilcn lc iciuins
again io ilc cndlcss cyclc ol biiil and dcail. An iniclligcni pcison will ilcicloic
uiilizc ilis iaic oppoiiuniiy. Hc will scaicl oui a spiiiiual masici wlo can lcad
lim io ilc Supicmc Loid Kisna.
[Foofnofe 1 by Bhakfivinoda|
Sucl a spiiiiual masici is ilc only lclmsman wlo can lclp ilc diowning jiva
gci acioss ilc occan ol maiciial ncscicncc. Only ilc mosi loolisl pcisons will
aiicmpi io cioss ilis occan by ilcii own iniclligcncc. Tlc aclicvcmcni ol any
succcss in ilis woild icquiics ilc lclp ol a icaclci's insiiuciions. How, ilcn, will
onc obiain pcilcciion in ilc bcsi ol all subjccis, spiiiiual scicncc, wiiloui ilc aid
ol a icaclci' Hc is wlo lii io icacl ilis scicncc is lc wlo is scll-icalizcd and lully
piolicicni in Kisna consciousncss. ¦Lnd ol looinoic 1]
A lcw ol ilc claiaciciisiics ol a bona lidc spiiiiual masici aic ilai lc is
pcacclul, unpciiuibcd and a puic dcvoicc ol Kisna. Hc slould bc appioaclcd
wiil lumiliiy. Tlc jiva slould saiisly lim wiil scivicc and icccivc liom lim
loimal iniiiaiion inio ilc woislip ol Loid Kisna. Hcicin lics lis bcsi clancc io
suimouni ilc maiciial cnianglcmcni. Tlc jiva's inlcicni lovc loi Kisna lics
doimani in ilc lcaii and can casily bc icvivcd by a qualilicd spiiiiual masici.
lui ilc jiva can jusi as casily losc ilis clancc by clallcnging ilc spiiiiual
masici iliougl spcculaiivc dcbaics and misclicvious logic. Hc musi cvadc sucl
piilalls, suiicndci io ilc spiiiiual masici's insiiuciions and icccivc ilc piopci
maniia liom lim. As loi louscloldcis, ilcy slould ialc slclici ol a bonalidc
spiiiiual masici and icmain wiilin ilc vainasiama sysicm.
A good brahmana is fif fo be a spirifuaI masfer
A bialmana is lii io bc a spiiiiual masici loi all ilc oilci vainas oi social
oidcis as long as lc is a dcvoicc ol Loid Kisna. lui il a bialmana spiiiiual masici
is noi availablc ilcn a spiiiiual masici liom anoilci vaina slould bc scaiclcd oui.
Il ilcic is a cloicc, ilc louscloldci would bc bcsi adviscd io acccpi iniiiaiion
liom a spiiiiual masici in ilc bialmanavaina.
A ical spiiiiual masici is onc wlo is convcisani wiil ilc scicncc ol Kisna
consciousncss. A spiiiiual masici can bc liom any vaina oi asiama, bui lc musi
bc a lalpaiaiu oi iouclsionc ilai can lullill ilc spiiiiual nccds ol pcoplc liom all
vainas and asiamas. Hc musi bc ablc io givc ilc jiva suddlaiaii (puic aiiiaciion)
loi Kisna.
Tlc picsiigc ol laving a spiiiiual masici liom a supciioi vaina is a maiciial
considciaiion, bccausc ilai picsiigc simply dcpcnds on ilc casic siaius ol ilc onc
wlo judgcs ilc spiiiiual masici's casic. Tlc lacioi ol casic iaicly las any bcaiing
on spiiiiual icalizaiion.
Ncccssiiy dcmands ilai onc musi lind a spiiiiual masici wlo is bonalidc and
qualilicd. Il lc lappcns io bclong io a liglci vaina, so mucl ilc bciici. A
louscloldci may lool loi a spiiiiual masici liom a liglci vaina, and il lc linds
onc wlo is qualilicd ilcn lc nccd noi lool loi onc liom a lowci vaina. Ii musi bc
noicd wcll, ilougl, ilai in looling loi a 'ligl class' spiiiiual masici, onc slould
noi cloosc an unqualilicd pcison simply loi ilc picsiigc ol laving a spiiiiual
masici liom a liglci vaina.
A renunciafe shouId accepf a sannyasaguru
Il a louscloldci lcavcs lomc io cmbiacc ilc lilc ol a icnunciaic bui las noi yci
bccn saiislacioially iiaincd in Kisna consciousncss, lc naiuially icquiics a
qualilicd spiiiiual masici. Ioi onc wlo is dcicimincd io icnouncc, a spiiiiual
masici in ilc sannyasa oidci is bcsi. ly iccciving spiiiiual guidancc and iniiiaiion
liom a sannyasaguiu, ilc icnunciaic will vciy quiclly iclisl ilc ccsiacy ol
claniing ilc loly namc. Il ilc louscloldci picviously lad a qualilicd spiiiiual
masici, lc slould noi, wlcn planning io icnouncc louscloldci lilc, disicspcci oi
ncglcci ilai guiu. Indccd, wlilc lc is in ilc gilasilaasiama, ilc louscloldci is
adviscd io ialc slclici ol a louscloldci guiu wlo is qualilicd and puic. Tlai
spiiiiual masici slould always bc lonoicd.
lui il sucl a louscloldci spiiiiual masici is noi availablc, onc can ialc
iniiiaiion liom a qualilicd sannyasi cvcn bcloic lcaving lomc. In any casc, ilc
spiiiiual masici musi bc qualilicd. Undci lis insiiuciions, ilc ncoplyic
louscloldci bcgins Kisna consciousncss and giadually advanccs io cxpciicncc
iiansccndcnial loving cmoiions in ilc scivicc ol ilc Loid.
Only wlcn ilc ncoplyic louscloldci dcvclops disiasic loi maiciial lilc is lc
icady io bccomc a sannyasi. Tlis is a naiuial dcvclopmcni ol ilc piaciicc ol Kisna
consciousncss. Oncc lc las aciually icnounccd scnsc giaiilicaiion, lc is obligcd io
acccpi a sannyasi spiiiiual masici. Hc musi bc iiaincd in ilc lilc ol icnunciaiion
liom ilc sannyasaguiu and acccpi liom lim ilc cloilcs oi vcsa ol a mcndicani.
Bofh diksaguru and siksaguru musf be equaIIy respecfed
Tlcic aic iwo linds ol spiiiiual masicis: ilc iniiiaiing spiiiiual masici oi
dilsaguiu, and ilc insiiuciing spiiiiual masici oi silsaguiu. loil guius lavc io
bc icspccicd cqually. Tlis is ilc lcy io succcss in Kisna consciousncss.
Tlc dilsaguiu iniiiaics lis disciplc inio ilc claniing ol ilc loly namc and
givcs dilsamaniia. Tlc silsaguiu impaiis sambandlajnana oi ilc lnowlcdgc ol
ilc jiva's iclaiionslip wiil ilc Supicmc Loid and lis cncigics. Tlc dilsaguiu is
onc bui ilc silsaguiu can bc many. In laci, all ilc puic Vaisnava dcvoiccs wlo
bcncdici ilc woild by disiiibuiing ilc loly namc aic silsa-guius. loil ilc
dilsaguiu and ilc many silsaguius aic io bc cqually icspccicd.
The Vaisnava sampradayas
Tlc loui Vaisnava disciplic succcssions (sampiadayas) aic ilc only ical sclools
ol sainily icaclcis. Tlcsc sampiadayas lavc sincc days ol yoic disscminaicd ilc
bona lidc maniias, ilc piopci sciipiuial conclusions, ilc auiloiizcd dcvoiional
pioccss and ilc uliimaic goal ol lilc. Il onc wanis io bc savcd liom ilc pciils ol
lalsc dociiincs, ilcn lc slould suiicndci io a sainily spiiiiual masici liom onc ol
ilc loui Vaisnava sclools.
Tlc icaclings lcli by ilc loundciacaiyas ol ilc loui sampiadayas aic io bc
cspccially lonoicd. Sii Ramanuja, Sii Madlavacaiya, Sii Nimbailacaiya, and Sii
Visnuswami aic ilc loui oiiginal acaiyas ol ilc Vaisnava sclools. Onc slould
acccpi only ilcii icaclings and conclusions and noi oilcis. Onc slould icccivc
spiiiiual iniiiaiion in onc ol ilcsc loui sampiadayas and noi oilcis.
The founderacarya is fhe principaI siksaguru
Tlc loundciacaiya ol ilc sampiadaya is ilc piincipal silsa-guiu loi ilc cniiic
disciplic succcssion. Spcculaiions ilai coniiadici lis icaclings aic io bc
immcdiaicly icjccicd. Only a sainily dcvoicc wlo las undcisiood ilc icaclings ol
ilc piincipal silsaguiu is cligiblc io bc a dilsaguiu loi oilcis. Il onc ilinls ilai
lc can bc iniiiaicd by an unauiloiizcd guiu oi a Mayavadi inio ilcsc icaclings, lc
ciis scvcicly. Hc will ncvci aiiain Kisna consciousncss.
One shouId accepf onIy a pure devofee as his spirifuaI masfer
Hc wlo impaiis wiong icaclings and lc wlo icccivcs ilcm aic boil dcsiincd
loi lcll. Onc wlo las acccpicd icaclings and conclusions ouisidc ilc linc ol puic
blalii las wasicd lis lilc. How ilcn can sucl a pcison bccomc a spiiiiual masici'
How can lc savc oilci condiiioncd souls' Hc limscll is in illusion and is
ilcicloic impcilcci, so low can lc biing good loiiunc io oilcis' Onc musi
undcisiand ilai a puic dcvoicc is noi an oidinaiy soul. Tlc sciipiuics dcclaic ilai
only lc is cligiblc io bc woislippcd as ilc spiiiiual masici.

The principIe of fhe spirifuaI masfer
Tlc dilsaguiu and ilc silsaguiu aic boil iniimaic associaics ol Loid Kisna.
Tlcy aic cicinally siiuaicd in ilc Viaja mood ol scivicc, and ilcy aic
manilcsiaiions ol Loid Kisna's own cncigy.
[Foofnofe 2 by Bhakfivinoda|
Ncvci malc ilc misialc ol judging ilc guiu as an oidinaiy moiial. Tlc
spiiiiual masici is ilc icpicscniiiivc ol Loid Kisna's poicncics, scni by ilc Loid as
ilc cicinal masici ol ilc disciplcs. Hc musi always bc woislipcd as an cicinal
associaic ol ilc Supicmc Loid, cmpowcicd by ilc Loid's supciioi spiiiiual
poicncy.
On ilc oilci land, ilc spiiiiual masici musi ncvci bc considcicd io bc ilc
Supicmc Loid Himscll, loi ilis is Mayavadi plilosoply and is noi in linc wiil ilc
puic Vaisnava conclusions. Tlc Vaisnava dcvoiccs aic vciy waiy ol sucl
misinicipiciaiions bccausc ilc Mayavadi wliilpool ol woid jugglciy is so
coniaminaiing io ilc lcaii. Tlc spiiiiual masici musi always bc woislipcd
accoiding io ilc sciipiuial conclusions, loi wlcn piopcily cxccuicd, ilis woislip
icsulis in puic Kisna consciousncss. ¦Lnd ol looinoic 2]
Gurupuja and how fo respecf fhe spirifuaI masfer
lcloic onc can woislip Kisna, lc musi liisi woislip ilc spiiiiual masici.
Wlilc doing guiupuja, upacaias lilc scai, looiwasl, aiglya, bail, cloil, oinamcnis
and so on aic io bc ollcicd; ilcn wiil ilc spiiiiual masici's pcimission onc may
bcgin woislip ol RadlaKisna vigiala. Tlc Dciiy's piasadam is givcn io ilc
spiiiiual masici liisi, ilcn io ilc dcmigods and loilailcis. Jusi as ilc disciplc is
icquiicd io gci ilc spiiiiual masici's blcssings bcloic woislipping RadlaKisna,
bcloic claniing ilc loly namc ilc disciplc slould icmcmbci ilc spiiiiual masici
and lis insiiuciions.
Onc wlo disicspccis ilc spiiiiual masici commiis a sciious ollcnsc ilai will
cxpcl lim liom ilc pail ol blalii. Tlc spiiiiual masici, Loid Kisna, and ilc
Vaisnavas musi bc woislipcd wiil cqual aiicniion. Undcviaiing laiil in ilc
spiiiiual masici will lcad io puic claniing and ilc linal goal ol Kisnapicma.
When fo rejecf a guru
Il by somc misloiiunc ilc spiiiiual masici lalls inio bad associaiion, lc may
giadually losc lis spiiiiual icalizaiion and poicncy. Ai ilc iimc ilc disciplc
acccpicd lim, ilc guiu was cxalicd, lamous and gicaily icalizcd. lui ollcnscs
againsi ilc loly namc aic so dangcious ilai cvcn a liglly qualilicd soul bccomcs
bcwildcicd. In ilai condiiion lc comcs io dcicsi Vaisnava company and ilc
claniing ol ilc loly namc. Giadually, lc is cnslavcd by lusi, giccd, wcalil and
womcn. Il by ilc mcicy ol Loid Kisna ilc disciplc sccs iliougl all ilis, lc musi
icjcci ilai guiu, sccl oui a puic dcvoicc and undci lis spiiiiual guidcncc culiivaic
ilc puic claniing ol ilc loly namc.
The spirifuaI masfer musf be sfricf
Tlc spiiiiual masici musi bc siiici wiil lis disciplcs. Hc musi siiaiglicn oui
ilc piospcciivc disciplcs bcloic iniiiaiing ilcm, and punisl ilc waywaid iniiiaicd
oncs. Tlis is ilc sympiom ol a icsponsiblc spiiiiual masici. A disciplc's spiiiiual
lilc is icndcicd usclcss il lc scivcs and woislips a slacl, iiicsponsiblc guiu. lui as
long as ilc iclaiionslip bciwccn ilc spiiiiual masici and ilc disciplc is siablc (i.c.
cacl icmains qualilicd in lis posiiion) ilcn ilcic is no qucsiion ol onc icjcciing
ilc oilci.
Tlc guiudisciplc iclaiionslip is cicinal. Il boil mainiain ilcii puic posiiions
and aic bona lidc, ilcii cicinal iclaiionslip is ncvci jcapoidizcd. Howcvci, il ilc
spiiiiual masici is laici cxposcd as pcilidious, ilc disciplc musi immcdiailcy
icpudiaic lim. Tlc samc is io bc donc by ilc spiiiiual masici il ilc disciplc is
similaily cxposcd. Il sucl icpudiaiion is noi is noi caiiicd oui by boil paiiics
wlcn ii is ncccssaiy, ilcn ilcy siand io bc condcmncd.
A spirifuaI masfer musf be fesfed before accepfance fo insure fhaf he is a pure
devofee
Onc wlo disicspccis ilc bona lidc puic Vaisnava spiiiiual masici is a icpiobaic
lii io bc slunncd by all. Ii is advisablc, ilcicloic, ilai bcloic acccpiing a spiiiiual
masici onc slould caiclully cloosc ilc iigli pcison. lasically, ilc spiiiiual masici
musi bc a puic dcvoicc ol ilc Loid.

[Foofnofe 3 by Bhakfivinoda|
Tlc sciipiuics iccommcnd ilai boil ilc spiiiiual masici and ilc disciplc placc
cacl oilci undci siiici sciuiiny bcloic muiual acccpiancc. Tlis, ilcn, piccludcs
ilc acccpiancc ol a lulaguiu oi iiadiiional lamily guiu. Ol couisc, il ilc lulaguiu
is qualilicd, ii is ol immcdiaic convcnicncc io acccpi lim; bui il lc is noi, a puic
dcvoicc slould bc scaiclcd oui and ialcn as onc's spiiiiual masici.
Sincc cvcn oidinaiy lousclold iicms aic icsicd bcloic acquisiiion, ii is only an
unloiiunaic lool wlo will lail io go iliougl a icsiing pciiod in ilc sclcciion ol ilc
lis iiuc spiiiiual masici, wlo is lis cvci wcllwislci. Tlc unqualilicd lulaguiu,
alici lc is ollcicd duc icspcci and woislip, slould bc icqucsicd io iclcasc ilc
disciplc liom all duiics ol allcgiancc. Having abandoncd lis conncciion io ilc
lamily guiu, ilc gcnuinc aspiiani ilcn musi sccl oui a qualilicd spiiiiual masici.
Tlc poini is ilai onc musi noi biing upon limscll ilc calamiiy ol laving io
icjcci lis spiiiiual masici. Il onc is piudcni ilcn lc can avoid sucl a siiuaiion.
Onc musi bc vciy caiclul noi io commii any ollcnsc againsi a puic dcvoicc guiu.
Tlis is so disasicious ii will iuin boil mcn and dcmigods alilc. ¦Lnd ol looinoic
3]
How fo serve fhe spirifuaI masfer
Ncvci disicspcci ilc aiiiclcs uscd by ilc spiiiiual masici: loi insiancc, lis scai,
bcd, slocs, vcliclc, looisiool, bail waici, cic. Sicpping on lis sladow,
woislipping anoilci pcison in lis picscncc, giving iniiiaiion wlilc lc is siill alivc,
slowing oll spiiiiual lnowlcdgc in lis picscncc and iiying io coniiol lim aic io bc
ioially icjccicd.
Wlcncvci and wlcicvci onc sccs lis spiiiiual masici, lc slould ollci lis
piosiiaicd obcisanccs io lim wiil piaycis. Tlc guiu's namc musi bc uiicicd wiil
gicai icvcicncc. His oidcis aic ncvci io bc disobcycd. Always bc cagci io lonoi
lis icmnanis and do noi say anyiling ilai is displcasing io lim. Iall lumbly ai
lis lcci and bcg slclici liom lim and in ilis way aci io plcasc lim. Simply by
bclaving ilusly, onc can casily dcvclop a iasic loi claniing, wlicl in iuin ollcis
all pcilcciion. All ilis is conliimcd in ilc Vcdas. lui il onc ollcnds ilc
namaguiu, ilc spiiiiual masici wlo iniiiaics onc inio ilc claniing ol ilc loly
namc ol ilc Loid, lc will suicly lall inio ilc sinlul company ol ailcisis.
[Foofnofe + by Bhakfivinoda|
Tlc namaguiu icaclcs sciipiuial conclusions and icvcals ilc csoiciic naiuic ol
ilc loly namc, and lc iniiiaics ilc disciplc in ilc maniia consisiing ol ilc loly
namc. Tlc Vaisnava dilsaguiu is ilc namaguiu, and ilc dilsamaniia is
namaimila, iccciving iis lilc liom ilc loly namc. Tlc maniia loscs iis mcaning
and puiposc il ii is scpaiaicd liom ilc loly namc, and convciscly, simply by
uiiciing ilc loly namc ol ilc Loid, ilc maniia is auiomaiically clanicd. ¦Lnd ol
looinoic +].
The remedy for guruavajna
Tlc only way io bc paidoncd loi ilis ollcnsc is io loisalc sinlul company, casi
away blasplcmous liiciaiuics and iliow oncscll ai ilc spiiiiual masici's loius lcci,
icpcniing piicously. As a compassionaic Vaisnava, ilc spiiiiual masici will suicly
bc loigiving and bcsiow picma upon ilc disciplc iliougl ilc loly namc.
I, ilc wiciclcd auiloi ol Haiinama Ciniamani, am a sinnci.
My only lopc ol icdcmpiion is ilc dusi ol ilc loius lcci ol Haiidasa Tlaluia.
CHAPTER SEVEN
CRITICISM OF THE VEDIC SCRIPTURES (SRUTISASTRA NINDA)
IS THE FOURTH OFFENSE
All gloiics io Siila Gadadlaia Pandii, Sii Caiianya Malapiablu, Sii
Niiyananda Piablu, Sii Advaiia Acaiya and all ilc dcvoiccs ol Loid Gouianga.
Siila Haiidasa Tlaluia said, "My Loid! To ciiiicizc ilc Vcdic liiciaiuic and
oilci liiciaiuics in puisuancc ol ilc Vcdic vcision is a sciious ollcnsc ilai dcnics a
pcison ilc ccsiacy ol puic dcvoiion."
The Veda (srufi) is fhe onIy proof
Tlc siuiisasiia (ilc Vcdic liiciaiuic), wlicl includcs ilc loui Vcdas, ilc
Upanisads, ilc Puianas and oilci colloiaiy sciipiuics, las cmanaicd liom ilc
Supicmc Loid Kisna's own lips. Tlis liiciaiuic csiablislcs and piovcs ilc
Absoluic Tiuil. Ii coniains iiansccndcnial lnowlcdgc ilai is bcyond ilc iangc ol
ilc maiciial scnscs, and ii can bc undcisiood by Loid Kisna's giacc alonc.
Tlc scnscs aic capablc ol cxpciicncing only maiciial objccis; iiansccndcncc
lics complcicly bcyond ilcii bounds. Tlc scicncc ol Kisna consciousncss is puicly
spiiiiual: lcncc ii is iiansccndcnial. Tlai lnowlcdgc ol iiansccndcncc las bccn
mcicilully givcn by Loid Kisna in ilc Vcdic liiciaiuic loi ilc uliimaic bcnclii ol
lumaniiy. Tlc woid vcda spccilically iclcis io sciipiuial lnowlcdgc icccivcd
iliougl ilc piopci auiloiizcd disciplic succcssion oi paiampaia.
Human bcings aic boin wiil loui naiuial laulis: ilcy commii ciiois, ilcy aic
subjcci io illusion, ilcy lavc ilc piopcnsiiy io clcai, and ilcy lavc impcilcci
scnscs. Lvciyiling ilcy do is iainicd by ilcsc laulis. Vcdic liiciaiuic is licc liom
any misialcs oi discicpancics. Ii is ilc only mcans io spiiiiual salvaiion. Tlc
Vcdic lnowlcdgc was oiiginally icvcalcd by ilc mcicy ol Loid Kisna. Ii was
compilcd by sagcs wlo lad icccivcd ilis lnowlcdgc wlilc in samadli, oi ioial
spiiiiual absoibiion, lai bcyond ilc iangc ol ilc loui naiuial luman laulis.
The srufi feaches fen principIes
Tlc Vcdic liiciaiuic icaclcs ilai boil mundanc liuiiivc aciiviiics (laima) and
cmpiiical spcculaiivc lnowlcdgc (jnana) aic inlciioi pails. Tlc conclusion is ilai
pcilcciion is availablc only iliougl blalii. Tlc Loid givcs laima and jnana loi
picliminaiy puiilicaiion ol ilc jivas, and aliciwaids givcs puic blalii.
In ilc Vcdic liiciaiuic ilcic aic icn piinciplc insiiuciions. Tlc liisi is ilai ilc
piool oi basis (piamana) ol ical lnowlcdgc is ilc siuii. Tlc oilci ninc piinciplcs
aic piamcyas ascciiaincd liom ilc piamana. Tlcsc icn piinciplcs dcsiioy
ncscicncc and csiablisl iiuc spiiiiual lnowlcdgc.
The nine ascerfainabIe principIes: fhe firsf fhree perfain fo Krsna
Tlc liisi ol ilc ninc piamcyas is ilai Haii, Kisna, is ilc only Supicmc Absoluic
Tiuil. Tlc sccond is ilai Hc is omnipoicni. Tlc iliid is ilai Hc is Rasamuiii, ilc
cmbodimcni ol all spiiiiual mcllows. Hc is ilc souicc ol bliss loi all living cniiiics
and Hc cicinally icsidcs in His abodc in ilc spiiiiual sly. Tlcsc liisi ilicc
icacling pciiain io ilc Supicmc Loid, Kisna.
The second fhree perfain fo fhe posifion of fhe jiva

Tlc louiil piamcya is ilai ilc jiva is ilc Loid's scpaiaicd paii and paiccl. Tlc
jivas aic ilc inlinicsimal cicinal spiiiiual spails ol puic consciousncss wlo
compiisc ilc innumciablc living cniiiics. Tlc jiva is ol iwo iypcs: cicinally
condiiioncd, wlo populaic ilc maiciial woild, and cicinally libciaicd, wlo
populaic ilc spiiiiual woild.
Tlc lilil piamcya is ilai ilc condiiioncd souls aic cnamoicd by ilc gliiici ol
maya's illusoiy poicncy. Tlcy lavc loigoiicn Kisna and icmain cicinally in ilis
plcnomcnal woild, cnjoying and sullciing maiciial cxisicncc.
Tlc sixil piamcya is ilai ilc cicinally libciaicd jivas aic associaics ol Loid
Kisna. Tlcy icsidc in ilc spiiiiual woild and cnjoy iiansccndcnial loving
iclaiionslips wiil ilc Loid. Tlcsc ilicc, ilcn, aic ilc icaclings aboui ilc jiva
lound in ilc siuii.
The sevenfh prameya is acinfyabhedabhedasambandha
Lvciyiling maiciial and spiiiiual is aciniyablcdablcda-sambandla
(simuliancously onc and dillcicni). Tlc jivas and maiici aic inconccivably
manilcsicd liom Loid Kisna's inicinal poicncy. Oncc lnowing
aciniyablcdablcdaiaiiva, ilc jiva undcisiands ilai lc is ilc scivani ol Kisna and
is lilc ilc spail oi iay ol ilc spiiiiual sun ilai is Kisna.
Tlc iiansloimaiions ol ilc Loid's cncigy aic bcyond ilc mind's giasp
(aciniya), says ilc siuii. lui ilc socallcd iiansloimaiions ol ilc Supicmc Loid
Himscll ilai ilc Mayavadis would lilc io lavc us all bclicvc in aic only
misclicvious and ollcnsivc posiulaiions.
Tlus, so lai, ilc abovc scvcn piamcyas compiisc sambandla-jnana oi
lnowlcdgc ol ilc cicinal conncciion bciwccn ilc Loid and lis cncigics. Tlc siuii
luiilci poinis oui ablidcya, wlicl is ilc mcans io aclcivc piayojana, ilc supicmc
goal. Ablidcya is dcvoiional scivicc
Tlc ninc limbs ol dcvoiional scivicc aic: lcaiing, claniing, icmcmbciing,
woisliping, piaying, icndciing scivicc, caiiying oui ilc oidcis ol ilc Loid, bcing a
liicnd ol ilc Loid and complcicly suiicndciing io ilc Loid. Tlc claniing ol ilc
loly namc is ilc mosi impoiiani dcvoiional aciiviiy, and loi ilis icason ilc Vcdas
gloiily ilc claniing ol ilc syllablc om. Dcvoiional scivicc (sadlanablalii) las
iwo divisions: vaidli and iaga. Ablidcya, ilc ninclold pioccss ol sadlanablalii,
is ilc ciglil piamcya.
Prayojana is Krsnaprema
ly ilc mcicy ol Loid Kisna, ilc jiva wlo ialcs slclici ol ablidcya will aiiain
Kisnapicma oi lovc ol Godlcad. Kisna picma is ilc piayojana (ncccssiiy and
uliimaic goal) ol ilc jiva; ii is ilc ninil piamcya.
[Foofnofe 1 by Bhakfivinoda|
Puic dcvoiion is indicaicd by ilc luman piocliviiy io always icndci lavoiablc
dcvoiional scivicc io Kisna. Sucl dcvoiion siiivcs only loi luiilci cxccllcncc in
scivicc, bcing saiislicd wiil noiling clsc. Puic dcvoiion is unconiaminaicd by
liuiiivc aciiviiy oi cmpiiical lnowlcdgc. Tlc Vcdic liiciaiuic iccommcnds ilai wc
culiivaic puic dcvoiion by ialing lull slclici ol ilc loly namc. ¦Lnd ol looinoic
1]
Tlcsc ninc basic piinciplcs wcic ascciiaincd liom ilc siuii by lcaincd spiiiiual
masicis wlo iaugli ilcm loi ilc guidancc ol all condiiioncd souls. lui ilosc wlo
ciiiicizc ilc siuii, ilc vciy souicc ol spiiiiual lnowlcdgc, aic ollcndcis againsi ilc
loly namc and aic lnown as ilc lowcsi among mcn.
PhiIosophers who opposed fhe srufi
Jaimini, Kapila, Nagna, Caivala, Sugaia luddla and Gauiama wcic
plilosoplcis wlo piopagaicd ilcoiics bascd on mundanc logic and icasoning.
Somc ol ilcm did somc lip scivicc io ilc icaclings ol ilc siuii, bui ilcy all
icjccicd God. Jaimini pioclaimcd ilai ilc bcsi lnowlcdgc ilc siuii las io ollci is
ilc liuiiivc iiiualisiic poiiion lnown as laimalanda. Kapila daicd io aiguc ilai
God is impcilcci. Hc acccpicd ilc pioccss ol yoga, bui wiiloui undcisianding iis
ical goal icalizaiion ol Paiamaima. Nagna spicad poison by icacling ianiiic
piaciiccs in ilc modc ol ignoiancc. Caivala Nasiila was an ailcisi wlo ncvci
acccpicd ilc Vcdic auiloiiiy, and Sugaia dcviscd lis own pail ol icligion in placc
ol ilc siuii. Gauiama piopagaicd logic and did noi woislip ilc Supicmc Loid.
Tlcsc misclicvious inicipiciaiions aic in laci ollcnscs againsi ilc Vcdic
liiciaiuic. Tliougl soplism, sucl plilosoplcis spcal lalliiuils ilai aic lilcly io
conlusc ilc oidinaiy lisicnci, ilougl a lcaincd dcvoicc lnows ilcii solc objcci is
io dclamc ilc siuii. Onc wlo dcvclops laiil in ilcsc ilcoiics bccomcs an
ollcndci. Tlcicloic ilc dcvoicc avoids lcaiing ilcm.
Tlc Mayavadi plilosoply is cqually as dangcious, loi ii supicsscs blalii in ilc
lcaii ol ilc jiva. Mayavadi plilosoply is laciually camoullagcd luddlism. On
ilc Loid's bclcsi, Siva bccamc iis clicl pioponcni in ilc Kaliyuga. As Jaimini
sccmingly uplcld Vcdic auiloiiiy bui piaciically piopoundcd a waipcd vcision ol
ilc Vcdic conclusions, similaily Mayavadi plilosoplcis pcivcii Vcdic piools io
csiablisl ilcii covcii luddlism. Tlus ilcy lidc ilc csscniial mcssagc ol ilc siuii,
wlicl is ilc scicncc ol dcvoiional scivicc.
Asiavalia, Daiiaiicya, Govinda, Gaudapada, Sanlaiacaiya and lis lollowcis aic
wclllnown Mayavadi plilosoplcis. In luddlism, ilc piincipal icacling is ilc
noncxisicncc ol ilc soul, and ilcic is no conccpi ol lialman. Tlc ilcoiy ol
noilingncss, ilc lasi woid in luddlism, is icndcicd by ilc Mayavadis inio ilc
conccpi ol ilc loimlcss, impcisonal lialman wlicl ilcy aiguc is bcyond maiici.
Sucl idcas diamciiically opposc ilc cicinal scicncc ol dcvoiional scivicc. Any
alliliaiion wiil sucl ilouglis auiomaiically malcs ilc jiva commii namapaiadla.

The direcf meaning is fhe reaI meaning
Wlcn all ilc piinciplc undcisiandings ol ilc Vcdic plilosoply aic biougli
iogcilci, ilcy add up io puic dcvoiional scivicc by wlicl ilc jiva aiiains puic lovc
ol Godlcad. Wlcicvci ilc piinciplc undcisiandings aic applicablc, ii is wiong io
subsiiiuic sccondaiy undcisiandings in ilcii placc. Tlcsc piinciplc mcanings all
indicaic ilc scicncc ol Kisna consciousncss. To aiiilicially imposc sccondaiy
mcanings upon ilc Vcdic siaicmcnis is a sin ilai disianccs onc liom ilc Absoluic
Tiuil.
Iiom bcginning io cnd, ilc siuiisasiia cxpounds ilc supcicxccllcncc ol ilc
syllablc om. Tlc omlaia is a namc ol Kisna, and by claniing ilc Loid's namc, ilc
jiva aiiains ilc Loid's supicmc abodc. Tlc Vaisnava dcvoiccs ol ilc Sii
Sampiadaya clani om as a loly namc ol ilc Loid. Tlc Vcdas dcclaic ilc loly
namc io bc ilc iianccndcnial loim ol ilc Supicmc Loid in ilis maiciial woild;
cvcn namablasa, ilc loly namc's indisiinci appcaiancc, gianis all pcilcciion.
Only unloiiunaic lools will puiposclully disicgaid sucl Vcdic icaclings and ilus
iuin ilcii livcs by ollcnscs.
The srufi feaches pure chanfing of fhe hoIy name
Tlc dcvoicc wlo ialcs slclici ol ilc puic namc acccpis ilc absoluic auiloiiiy
ol ilc Vcdas, and quiclly aiiains ilc ncciai ol ilc namc, Kisnapicma. Tlc siuii
pioclaims ilai by claniing ilc loly namc ol Haii, onc cxpciicnccs ccsiaiic bliss.
Iuiilci, ii is dcclaicd ilai ilc cicinally libciaicd icsidcnis ol ilc spiiiiual sly aic
always cngagcd in claniing ilc puic namc.
Mayadevi engages fhe presenfday crifics of fhe srufi in sinfuI pracfices
As Kaliyuga dcgiadcs, moic and moic pcoplc woislip maya, ilc maiciial
cncigy. Lvcn socallcd gicai dcvoiccs givc up ilc oppoiiuniiy io clani ilc
Supicmc Loid Kisna's loly namc, wlicl is lull ol ccsiacy, and insicad ialc up
ianiiic woislip in ilc modc ol ignoiancc. Lvciciiiical ol ilc Vcdic liiciaiuic, ilcy
swcivc liom ilc ical pail ol icligion io cai mcai, diinl alcolol and pciloim oilci
sinlul aciiviiics. Tlcsc ollcndcis can ncvci icccivc ilc slclici ol ilc namc, noi can
ilcy cnici ilc Supicmc Loid's cicinal abodc ol Vindavana.
Mayadcvi cngagcs sucl ailcisis in cvciincicasing sin, dcpiiving ilcm ol ilc
ncciai ol claniing ilc loly namc. Tlc supciioi spiiiiual cncigy is Loid Kisna's
oiiginal and piimcval cncigy. Maya (Duiga, Kali) is iis sladow. Hci inicniion is io
icciily ilc ciiing jivas wlo diili away liom Kisna and biing ilcm bacl io Kisna
consciousncss. Indccd, ilis is lci piimc duiy io ilc Loid.
[Foofnofe 2 by Bhakfivinoda:|
Maya slowcis iwo linds ol giaccs nislapaia (loncsi and unicsiiicicd) and
salapaia (capiicious and illusoiy). ly lci nislapaia mcicy slc givcs blalii by
way ol jnana (blaliijnanamisia). Hci salapaia mcicy givcs icmpoiaiy plcasuics
ilai ovciwlclm ilc jiva, biinging lim undci ilc coniiol ol illusion. And wlcn
slc is iloiouglly mcicilcss, slc casis ilc jiva inio bialmasayuja libciaiion; ilus
lc is doomcd.
lui slc bccomcs plcascd wlcn somconc icndcis scivicc io a sainily Vaisnava,
and slowcis lim wiil lci iiuc mcicy, conncciing lim io Loid Kisna's loius lcci.
Maya is an cicinal maidscivani ol Loid Kisna. Slc punislcs ilc waywaid jivas
wlo diili away liom Kisna's scivicc, loi ilosc wlo wani io scivc maya aic simply
clcaicis wlo can ncvci lnow lappincss. Yci Mayadcvi icwaids ilosc wlo clani
ilc loly namc. Slc lclps ilcm cioss ovci ilc occan ol maiciial ncscicncc. ¦Lnd ol
looinoic 2]
The remedy for srufininda
Onc musi avoid commiiing ilc ollcnsc ol ciiiicizing ilc Vcdic sciipiuics and
consianily clani ilc loly namc. Il onc inadvciicnily ciiiicizcs ilc siuii, lc slould
sinccicly icpcni lis ciioi by piopcily gloiilying ilc siuii. Hc slould woislip ilc
Vcdic liiciaiuic and ilc Siimad llagavaiam wiil gicai joy and icspcci, ollciing
ilcm llowcis and iulasi. Tlc Siimad llagavaiam is ilc csscncc ol ilc Vcdic
icaclings and is ilc sciipiuial incainaiion ol Loid Kisna. Tlc llagavaiam will
cciiainly slowci mcicy upon ilc ollcndci, bccausc ilc llagavaiam is an occan ol
mcicy.
Onc wlo lanlcis loi ilc dusi ol ilc loius lcci ol Siila Haiidasa Tlalui will
wcai ilis gcm nccllacc callcd Haiinama Ciniamani aiound lis nccl.
CHAPTER EIGHT
TO CONSIDER THE GLORIES OF THE NAME AS IMAGINARY
(ARTHAVADA HARINAMA KALPANAM)
IS THE FIFTH OFFENSE
All gloiics io Loid Gauianga and Siila Gadadlaia Pandiia; all gloiics io Sii Sii
Radla Madlava. All gloiics io ilc placcs ol Loid Gauianga's pasiimcs and all ilc
Vaisnava dcvoiccs ol ilc Loid.
"O Loid Gauianga! Tlc lilil namapaiadla is io ilinl ilai ilc gloiics ol ilc
loly namc aic cxaggciaicd, as loi cxamplc wlcn onc ilinls, 'Tlc sciipiuial
picscniaiion ol ilc gloiics ol ilc Loid's loly namc is noi cniiicly iiuc, bccausc
lypcibolc las bccn cmploycd io incicasc ilc icadcis' laiil in ilc claniing ol ilc
namc.'"
Ii is a laci ilai in ilc laimalanda and jnanalanda scciions ol ilc Vcdas,
iiiualism and plilosoplical spcculaiion lavc bccn ovcily piaiscd. Sucl piaiscs aic
inicndcd io clicii inicicsi in ilcsc pioccsscs. lui ilc samc is noi iiuc in ilc casc ol
ilc loly namc. Tlcicloic io ilinl so is an abominablc ollcnsc.
The gIories of fhe hoIy name
Tlc Puianas (smiiiisasiias) say ilai anyonc wlo clanis ilc loly namc,
wlcilci wiil laiil oi ncglcci, aiiiacis ilc mcicy ol Loid Kisna. Tlc loly namc is
ilc puicsi loim ol lnowlcdgc; ii is ilc bcsi ol all viaias oi vows and ilc liglcsi
mcdiiaiion; ii givcs ilc mosi auspicious liuiis; ii is ilc gicaicsi icnunciaiion; ii
givcs incompaiiblc pcacc; ii is ilc mosi pious ol loly woils; ii is ilc supicmc pail
ol scllicalizaiion; ii is ilc gicaicsi libciaiion and goal; ii is ilc iopmosi dcsiinaiion;
ii is ilc bcsi dcvoiional scivicc; ii is ilc puicsi inclinaiion; ii givcs lovc ol
Godlcad and is ilc csscncc ol icmcmbiancc ol ilc Loid; ii is ilc causc ol all
causcs, ilc Supicmc Absoluic Tiuil; ii is ilc mosi woislippablc objcci and acis as
ilc supicmc spiiiiual masici.

'A ilousand namcs ol Loid Visnu is cqual io onc namc ol Loid Rama, and
ilicc namcs ol Loid Rama aic cqual io onc namc ol Loid Kisna': ilus ilc loly
namc's iiansccndcnial naiuic is cvci gloiilicd in ilc sciipiuics. Onc gocs io lcll
loi ilinling ilc ilc gloiics ol ilc namc aic cxaggciaicd
Only a laidcncd ailcisi ilinls ilai ilc passagcs ol ilc siuii and smiiii
sciipiuics dcsciibing ilc supcicxccllcni qualiiics ol ilc namc coniain
cxaggciaiions. Wlocvci commiis sucl an abominablc ollcnsc iois cicinally in
lcll. Ollcndcis claim ilai misicpicscniaiions lavc bccn madc io incicasc
aiiiaciion loi claniing. Tlcy lavc no idca ol ilc puipoii ol ilc sciipiuics and ol
wlai is bcnclicial loi lumaniiy, bccausc ilcy ialc cvciyiling baclwaids.
lccausc ilcy lavc no icscivc ol picvious pious aciiviiics (blaliisuliii), ilcy
can ncvci dcvclop laiil in ilc sciipiuial scicncc ol dcvoiional scivicc. Tlc
claniing ol ilc loly namc is ilc bcsi loim ol dcvoiional scivicc. Wiiloui
sullicicni piciy a pcison can nciilci acquiic a iasic loi claniing noi lavc adcquaic
laiil in iis icsulis. Tlosc wlo aic aiiaclcd io jusi onc scciion ol ilc sciipiuics
(i.c. laimalanda) cannoi pciccivc ilc csscniial mcaning ol ilc sciipiuics.
There is no appeaI fo seIfishness in fhe mefhodoIogy of fhe hoIy name
Tlc cxaggciaiions in ilc laimalanda scciion ol ilc Vcdas appcal io ambiiious
maiciialisis. Conccssions io scllislncss aic abscni liom ilc sciipiuial picscniaiion
ol ilc mcilod ol claniing ilc loly namc in puic dcvoiion. Tlc sciipiuics lianlly
dcclaic ilai ilc icsulis ol ilc laimalanda pioccss aic mcicly iiansicni scnsual
cnjoymcnis, wlcicas ilc icsulis ol claniing ilc loly namc and cngaging in
Kisna's scivicc aic cicinal and pcimancni.
In ilc claniing ol ilc loly namc ol ilc Loid, capiiciousncss, clcaiing and
cxaggciaiion aic slunncd. Ioi insiancc, wlcn a dcvoicc inspiics somconc io
clani, lc docs so wiiloui scll-inicicsicd moiivcs. Hc cngagcs anoilci in Kisna's
scivicc only loi ilc plcasuic ol Kisna. Tlougl aiiiaciivc maiciial icsulis ol
claniing ilc loly namc may bc mcniioncd in somc sciipiuics, a puic dcvoicc pays
no lccd io ilcm, loi lc is bcyond maiciial dcsiic.
lui ilc olliciaioi ol a iiiualisiic saciilicc displays cxplicii scllislncss, loi as a
maiici ol couisc lc cxpccis icmunciaiion. Sincc ilc sciipiuics dcclaic ilai
claniing bcgcis unlimiicd auspicious icsulis, wly do sucl scclcis ol liuiiivc
icwaids minimizc ilc gloiics ol ilc loly namc'
Tlc lollowci ol laimalanda is supposcd io giadually icalizc ilai pious liuiiivc
woils, bcing maiciial, givc only unimpoiiani liuiis. Hc slould ilcn pciloim lis
duiics licc ol scll inicicsi. Tlis will puiily lis lcaii and lclp lim io scc ilc nccd
loi claniing ilc loly namc. A puiilicd lcaii siiivcs loi scll-icalizaiion and is
naiuially icpcllcd by maiciial aciiviiics.
Tlus ilc ical succcss ol laima landa, wlcn pciloimcd wiiloui maiciial
moiivaiion, is aiiiaciion loi ilc claniing ilc loly namc ol ilc Loid. Pious icsulis
ilai a bialmana could noi acciuc anywlcic in ilc cniiic univcisc aic casily
obiaincd by claniing Kisna's namc. Tlc supicmc posiiion ol ilc claniing ol ilc
loly namc cannoi bc diminislcd by ilc cnvious siaicmcnis ol siubboin laimis
and jnanis.
Simply by namablasa claniing onc gains all ilc icsulis ol ilc pails ol laima
and jnana. So il mcic namablasa ollcis sucl wondcilul icsulis, ilcn suicly ilc
puic namc will ollci so mucl moic, unlimiicdly. Tlcicloic, wlaicvci icsulis ilc
sciipiuics say aic gaincd liom claniing aic casily obiainablc by ilc dcvoicc wlo is
aiiaclcd io ilc puic namc.
There is no poinf in objecfing fo whaf fhe Lord HimseIf has wroughf
Onc wlo doubis ilis laci is a sinnci wlo is doomcd bccausc ol commiiing
namapaiadla. All ilc icvcalcd sciipiuics ilc Vcdas, Ramayana, Malablaiaia, ilc
Puianas and oilcis aic lillcd wiil gloiilicaiions ol ilc supcicxccllcncc ol ilc loly
namc. Wlai can ilc pcison wlo blaianily disicgaids ilis cvidcncc cxpcci' Hc is
simply abominablc.
Tlc loly namc and ilc Loid Himscll aic ilc samc. Kisna pcisonally posiiioncd
ilc claniing ol His loly namc ai ilc vciy iop ol all auspicious aciiviiics. Hc is
lully indcpcndani, auiociaiic and omnipoicni. All pioccsscs lavc comc inio loicc
duc io His cncigy. Hc invcsicd laima landa wiil lis maiciial cncigy, and jnana
landa wiil lis impcisonal cncigy. Kisna ilcn invcsicd ol His own accoid His
cniiic pcisonal poicncy in ilc syllablcs ol His loly namc. Tlcic is no poini in
objcciing io ilcsc aiiangcmcnis. An iniclligcni pcison will ilcicloic caiclully
avoid ollcnding ilc allpowcilul namc ol ilc Loid.
The remedy for fhe arfhavada offense
Il ilis namapaiadla is somclow commiicd, ilc ollcndci las io go lumbly io
ilc asscmbly ol Vaisnavas and aiicniivcly lisicn io ilc naiiaiions ol ilc pasiimcs
and qualiiics ol ilc Supicmc Loid liom ilc lips ol a puic dcvoicc. Iull ol icmoisc,
ilc ollcndci musi admii lis iiansgicssion againsi ilc loly namc and bcg
loigivcncss liom ilc Vaisnavas. Tlc Vaisnavas aic icalizcd in ilc gloiics ol ilc
namc, and ilcy will mciciluly dclivci ilc ollcndci liom lis sins by cmbiacing lim.
Tlc ollcndci, now puiilicd, will bc pioiccicd liom luiilci onslauglis ol maya.
Il a dcvoicc mccis oi cvcn jusi sccs ilc lacc ol an unicpcnicni doubici ol ilc
powci ol ilc loly namc, lc slould immcdiaily plungc limscll, lully cloilcd, inio
ilc Gangcs loi puiilicaiion; il ilc Gangcs is noi ncaiby, lc slould bailc in somc
oilci puic waici. In ilc cvcni ilai ilis also is noi possiblc, lc slould puiily
limscll by bailing mcnially.
Onc wlo ialcs slclici ol ilc mcicy ol Kisna's dcai companion, His lluic, will
bc adoincd by ilc gloiy ol Haiinama Ciniamani.
CHAPTER NINE
TO COMMIT SIN ON THE STRENGTH OF CHANTING THE HOLY
NAME
(NAMNO BALAD YASYAHI PAPABUDDHI)
IS THE SIXTH OFFENSE
All gloiics io Sii Gadadlaia Pandii and Loid Sii Gauianga; all gloiics io Loid
Niiyananda, ilc lilc ol Siimaii Jalnavadcvi; all gloiics io Sii Advaiia Acaiya and
Moilci Siia; all gloiics io Siila Siivas Pandii and all ilc dcvoiccs ol Loid Caiianya.
Chanfing desfroys aII anarfhas
Siila Haiidasa Tlalui coniinucd by cxplaining ilai ilc loly namc is cicinally
siiuaicd in puic goodncss. Tlosc jivas wlo ialc slclici ol Kisna's loly namc aic
mosi loiiunaic, bccausc claniing soon icmovcs ilc anaiilas liom ilcii lcaiis.
Conscqucnily, liidaya dauibalyam (wcalncss ol lcaii) disappcais.
As laiil in ilc Loid's loly namc bccomcs liim, ilc piopcnsiiy io sin is ioially
cxiiipaicd. All picvious sins aic ilcn dissolvcd, and ilc lcaii slincs wiil posiiivc
puiiiy. Sinlul aciiviiics spioui liom ilc sccds ol sinlul dcsiic in ilc lcaii, and ilc
sinlul dcsiic sccds aic iooicd in ignoiancc; ilcsc ilicc (ignoiancc, ilc sccds ol sin
and sin) aic ilc souicc ol all sullciing loi ilc condiiioncd soul. Noi bcing ablc io
bcai ilc sullciings ol His dcpcndcni paiis and paiccls, ilc Loid in His inliniic
compassion givcs ilcm lclp iliougl ilc pioccss ol blaliiyoga by wlicl ilc lusi
io cnjoy ilc scnscs is diivcn liom ilcii lcaiis.
As onc piaciiccs blalii, lc linds maiciialisiic cndcavoi io cnjoy wcalil and
womcn icpulsivc. Hc lollows ilc pail ol iiglicousncss, bcing saiislicd in lis
scivicc io ilc Loid. Hc acccpis only wlai is lavoiablc loi cxccuiing dcvoiional
scivicc and icjccis ilai wlicl is unlavoiablc. Hc las absoluic conviciion in all
siiuaiions ilai Loid Kisna is lis pioiccioi, savioi and mainiainci. Hc is licc liom
aiiaclmcnis io ilc body and ilc noiions ol 'mc' and 'minc.' In a lumblc siaic ol
mind, lc consianily clanis ilc loly namc ol ilc Loid. Sucl a pcison is ncvci
again inclincd io sinlul aciiviiics.
Previous sin and ifs fainf residue are aIso desfroyed
Claniing giadually diminislcs ilc piopcnsiiy io sin and simuliancously
puiilics ilc consciousncss. As ilc inclinaiion io commii sinlul aciiviiics vanislcs,
iasic loi ilc loly namc appcais, ilougl a laini icsiduc ol picvious sinlul aciiviiy
siill lingcis on in ilc consciousncss. Tlc iccccding sinlul icaciions lcavc an odoi
ol sinlul labii (papa gandla), bui ilc clanici's coniaci wiil ilc namc cngcndcis a
siicngil ol willpowci and a puiiiy ol mind ilai ovcicomcs ilis clinging smcll ol
sin. Loid Kisna piomiscd Aijuna ilai His dcvoiccs will ncvci bc in dangci ol
dcsiiuciion. Il ilcic aic icvciscs Hc pcisonally comcs io His dcvoiccs' icscuc. Tlc
dcvoiccs' sins aic annililaicd by ilc Loid's mcicy alonc. Tlc cmpiiical
plilosoplci oi jnani may subduc lis sins wiil gicai clloiis and pcnancc, bui as
soon as lc lcavcs oi dcnics ilc slclici ol Loid Kisna's loius lcci, lc immcdiaily
lalls down. Tlc sciipiuics icsiily ilai wlocvci simply cmbiaccs ilc Loid's
pioicciion is an clcvaicd soul, and lis piogicss will ncvci bc impcdcd by obsiaclcs.
There is no need for rifuaIisfic penances or prayasciffa
ly clancc, a dcvoicc may commii somc sin, bui siill lc docs noi lavc io
undciialc ilc pcnancc ol piayasciiia. Sucl sins aic a passing plasc ilai will bc
diowncd in ilc ncciai ol ilc loly namc. Tlc dcvoicc is ncvci losi liom ilc pail
ol puic dcvoiion.
Howcvci, il a dcvoicc again commiis anoilci sin, ilis iimc calculaiing ilai ilc
siicngil ol loly namc will couniciaci ilc icaciion, ilcn lc is noi lixcd on ilc pail
ol puic dcvoiion. Railci, lc is a dccciilul pcison doomcd by lis ollcnscs io ilc
loly namc. Sciipiuic alliims ilai ilcic is a vasi dillcicncc bciwccn sin commiiicd
duc io suddcn wcalncss oi misialc and duc io picmcdiiaiion.
]usf being incIined fo fhis namaparadha is ufferIy ruinous
Ioi laimis, ilc mcans io gci licc ol sinlul icaciion is ilc pciloimancc ol
piayasciiia in icpcnicncc. lui il somconc cvcn conicmplaics iclicving limscll ol
ilc icaciion ol dclibciaic sin by cxploiiing ilc puiilying siicngil ol loly namc, lc
is uiicily iuincd, and no amouni ol piayasciiia will lclp lim. Lvcn alici uniold
iciiibuiion in lcll, lc will noi bc absolvcd liom ilis mcnial namapaiadla. Il jusi
ilc inclinaiion io commii sin on ilc siicngil ol claniing icsulis in sucl
iiibulaiions loi ilc soul, ilc laic ol onc wlo acis on ilai inclinaiion is ioo iciiiblc
io cnvision.
This namaparadha is inevifabIe for fhe cheafers
Tlc sciipiuics dcclaic ilc loly namc io bc so poicni ilai ii can ciadicaic a
buidcn ol sins ilai cvcn in icn million lilciimcs could noi bc commiiicd. Lvcn ilc
giavcsi ol sins aic couniciacicd jusi in ilc 'namablasa' siagc ol claniing. And ilai
is picciscly wly ilc clcais and clailaians aic aiiiacicd io ilc claniing ol ilc loly
namc. Tlcy loisalc ilc icsponsibiliiics ol loncsi laboi as bcing diudgciy and,
disguiscd in ilc icnunciaic's aiiiic, iiavcl liom couniiy io couniiy, ilcii lcaiis
smoldciing wiil dcsiics loi wcalil and womcn. Sucl pcisons aic callcd mailaia
vaiiagis oi 'monlcy icnunciaics'.
Tlcsc unloiiunaic lcllows dicss as sannyasis bui nuiiuic ilc louscloldci
mcnialiiy. Tlcy aic noiling moic ilan dcad wciglis upon moilci caiil and
luman sociciy and musi bc avoidcd. A dcvoicc wlo las ialcn slclici ol ilc loly
namc can livc in any siiuaiion in lousclold lilc oi in ilc loicsi as a lcimii. Il ilc
lousclold siiuaiion is conducivc io claniing, ilcn ilc lilc ol a mcndicani is
unncccssaiy, bui il lousclold lilc is unlavoiablc, ilc dcvoicc is duiybound io
loisalc ii. In ciilci casc, ii is a iciiiblc ollcnsc io commii sins on ilc siicngil ol
claniing. Sucl an ollcndci is loicvci banislcd liom ilc pail ol dcvoiional scivicc.
Dcvoiccs in ilc namablasa siagc ol claniing musi bcwaic ol sucl clcaiing
company bccausc ilai company will lavc an cvil inllucncc on ilcm ilcy will also
lall down inio commiiiing ilis dicadcd namapaiadla. As loi ilosc wlo aic
claniing ilc puic namc, ilcy aic always licc liom ilis namapaiadla.
Pure devofees are free from fhe fen namaparadhas
Dcvoiccs wlo lavc ialcn complcic slclici ol claniing ilc puic namc aic ncvci
pionc io commii any ol ilc icn namapaiadlas. Tlc loly namc Himscll pioiccis
ilcsc puic dcvoiccs wlo lavc suiicndcicd ilcmsclvcs io claniing. lui as long as
ilc puic namc las noi dawncd in ilc lcaii ol ilc dcvoicc, lc is always ilicaicncd
by ilc dangci ol commiiing namapaiadla. Tlcicloic dcvoiccs in ilc namablasa
siagc lavc io paiiiculaily avoid ilis ollcnsc ol commiiing sin on ilc siicngil ol
claniing.
VigiIance is required in fhe namabhasa sfage
A dcvoicc musi sccl ilc associaiion ol puic dcvoiccs wlo clani ilc loly namc
wiiloui ollcnsc, and lc slould pcisonally bc vciy alcii againsi commiiiing
ollcnscs. Onc wlo clanis ilc namc puicly is ol lixcd mind and consciousncss,
sincc lc ncvci dcviaics liom ilinling aboui Kisna loi cvcn a momcni. As long as
onc las noi siicngilcncd lis claniing io ilc poini ol lull suiicndci io ilc loly
namc, lc musi bc vciy vigilani io avoid ollcnscs. Hc musi cspccially guaid againsi
ilc ollcnsc ol commiiing sin on ilc siicngil ol claniing. Hc slould coniinuously
clani ilc loly namc and ilus aiiiaci lis spiiiiual masici's mcicy, wlicl yiclds
sambandlajnana. Tlis lnowlcdgc icvcals ilc scicncc ol puic dcvoiion and ilc
puic loly namc.
The remedy for fhis namaparadha
Il by somc ciioi onc commiis ilis namapaiadla, onc musi go bcloic an
asscmbly ol puic Vaisnavas. Tlc piopcnsiiy io sin is lilc a liglway iobbci, and
ilc puic dcvoiccs aic lilc ilc guaidians ol ilc pail wlo comc io onc's aid wlcn
ilc somconc calls aloud loi ilcii lclp. Jusi lcaiing ilai call, ilc iobbci
immcdiaicly iuns away, lcaiing ilai ilc guaids will comc. Tlc guaidians, ilc puic
Vaisnavas, will consolc ilc dcvoicc wiil sooiling woids and assuianccs ol ilcii
pioicciion.
I, ilc auiloi ol Haiinama Ciniamani, am a usclcss wicicl. I icciic ilis
composiiion laving ialcn slclici ol ilc puic Vaisnavas.
CHAPTER TEN
TO INSTRUCT THE GLORIES OF THE HOLY NAME TO THE
FAITHLESS
(ASRADDADHANA VIMUKHE'PY ASRNVATI)
IS THE SEVENTH OFFENSE
All gloiics io Loid Sii Gauianga, ilc lilc ol Sii Gadadlaia Pandii; all gloiics io
Loid Niiyananda, ilc lcaii ol Siimaii Jalnavadcvi; all gloiics io Sii Advaiia
Acaiya, ilc Loid ol Moilci Siia; all gloiics io Siila Siivasa Pandii and all ilc
dcvoiccs ol Loid Caiianya.
Wiil lis lands loldcd and in a soli voicc Siila Haiidasa Tlalui said, "Now
plcasc lcai aboui anoilci namapaiadla". Siaddla (laiil) is csscniial loi claniing
ilc loly namc
Tlc loicmosi icquiicmcni loi claniing Kisna's loly namc is siaddla oi liim
laiil. Onc wlo is bcicli ol ii cannoi lcai ilc namc and is ilcicloic unlii io clani.
Higl biiil, icspcciablc lamily, lnowlcdgc, siicngil, lcaining oi wcalil aic noi
qualiiics ilai malc a pcison cligiblc io clani ilc namc. Tlc sciipiuics cxiol
siaddla io bc ilc onc indispcnsiblc ingicdicni loi piopci claniing. Loid Kisna's
namc is ilc jiva's mosi valuablc iicasuic. Iaiil mcans io lavc complcic conviciion
ilai claniing Loid Kisna's namc will auiomaiically lullill all duiics and complcic
all pious aciiviiics. Tlosc wlo do noi posscss sucl laiil aic unlii io clani.
If is an offense fo insfrucf fhe faifhIess on fhe hoIy name
Accoiding io Vaisnava ciiquciic, a pcison wlo docs noi lavc laiil in ilc namc
slould noi bc iniiiaicd inio claniing. Il a laiillcss pcison is iniiiaicd inio
claniing oi is insiiucicd aboui ilc gloiics ol ilc loly namc, ilcn lc will only
dclilc and ncglcci ilc namc. Tlis is ilc siaicmcni ol sciipiuic. Tlc swinc will
ciusl ilc pcails siicwn bcloic ii and ilc monlcy will icai ilc cloil ii is givcn; ilc
laiillcss pcison will lilcwisc incicasingly ollcnd ilc loly namc and ilus inviic lis
doom. Simuliancously, ilc iniiiaiing guiu will bc diaggcd down by lis slaic in
ilcsc ollcnscs. Vciy soon, lc will bc loiccd oll ilc pail ol dcvoiional scivicc.
Whaf is fo be done if a faifhIess person wanfs fo be inifafed
Tlc laiillcss pcison somciimcs slyly comcs io ilc Vaisnavas io bcg iniiiaiion
inio claniing. Tlc dcvoicc slould scc iliougl ilis picicniious clcaiing and
iclusc lim iniiaiion. Tlc picicndci ilinls, "Tlc loly namc ol Kisna is ilc
allpuiilying agcni, and oncc I'vc icccivcd ilc namc I will noi lavc io woiiy aboui
commiiing sins. lcsidcs, wlcn I clani pcoplc will icspcci and woislip mc as a
Vaisnava ilcn I can cxiiaci a goodly amouni ol scivicc liom ilcm. Tlc picsiigc I
lavc losi by my bad dccds will bc icgaincd lully by claniing; sucl a loss will ncvci
occui again. I slall ai lasi bccomc vciy lappy in maiciial lilc", cic. Tlc dcvoicc
slould dcmand ol ilc picicndci lis lull icnunciaiion ol disloncsiy. To bccomc
woiily ol iniiiaiion, lc musi ai oncc ncglcci lis dcsiics loi disiinciion and
adoiaiion, and slould insicad iiy io dcvclop siaddla loi ilc loly namc.
Only wlcn laiil in ilc loly namc is picscni in ilc lcaii can onc bc iniiiaicd
inio claniing. Tlc loly namc ilcn caiiics ilc clanici acioss ilc maiciial occan ol
ncscicncc. lui as long as onc las noi dcvclopcd sullicicni siaddla, lc is unlii io
clani. Onc slould lcai ilc gloiics ol ilc loly namc liom a sainily Vaisnava.
lccoming lumblc by lcaiing lis insiiuciions, lc slould casi asidc maiciial dcsiics
and bcgin io clani. Wlcn ilc Vaisnava spiiiiual masici pciccivcs ilc piopci
dcgicc ol siaddla in ilc candidaic, lc iniiiaics lim inio ilc gicaicsi spiiiiual
iicasuic Kisna's loly namc. lui io iniiiaic a laiillcss pcison is an abominablc
ollcnsc. Tlc guiu gocs io lcll il lc givcs iniiiaiion io a laiillcss pcison loi
icmunciaiion.
Il ilc guiu lnows ilai a pcison wlo las appioaclcd lim loi iniiiaiion is an
insinccic, laiillcss picicndci, and yci lc siill lccdlcssly iniiiaics ilis unlii pcison
oui ol considciaiion loi ilc maiciial gain ii may biing lim, lc is condcmncd as a
namapaiadli. Il ilc guiu was unablc io malc a coiicci asscssmcni and gavc ilc
candidaic iniiiaiion only io laici discovci ilai lc is a picicndci, lc musi malc
immcdiaic icdicss loi lis misialc.
The remedy for fhis namaparadha
Il ii was duc io inadvciicncc and lacl ol cxpciicncc ilai ilc misialc ol
insiiuciing and iniiiaiing a laiillcss pcison occuiicd, ilc iniiiaiing spiiiiual masici
slould bc lillcd wiil lcai and icmoisc. Hc las io publicizc lis ollcnsc bcloic ilc
Vaisnava communiiy and icjcci ilai insinccic disciplc, cxcommunicaiing lim. Il
ilc guiu lails io aci piompily, lc will giadually sinl inio ilc dcpils ol moial
dcpiaviiy and illusion, and bc discnlianclizcd liom ilc pail ol dcvoiion.
Lord Caifanya's insfrucfions fo preachers
Siila Haiidasa Tlalui said, "O Loid Caiianya, in Youi insiiuciions io ilosc You
lavc oidaincd io piopagaic ilc loly namc, You spccilically givc waining aboui
ilis. Picaclcis may insiiuci ilc gloiics ol ilc loly namc only io ilc siaddlavan
(pcisons wiil siaddla).
"Tlis ilc way by wlicl ilc wlolc woild will bc inundaicd wiil ilc claniing
ol ilc loly namc: wiil loud congicgaiional claniing, ilc loly namc is io bc
piopagaicd widcly among ilc masscs. Tlosc wlo aic laiillul will comc loiwaid
and cloosc a bona lidc spiiiiual masici, iccciving insiiuciions and iniiiaiion in ilc
namc liom lim. ly sinccic claniing ilcy will suicly obiain lovc ol Godlcad,
Kisnapicma.
"Piosiiiuics, ciiminals, clcaicis and oilci sinlul pcoplc slould liisi bc madc io
givc up ilcii uniiglicous, laimlul ways. Sinccic laiil slould ilcn bc implanicd in
ilcii lcaiis by good associaiion. Wlcn ilcii laiil in Kisna's loly namc maiuics,
only ilcn may ilcy icccivc iniiiaiion. Tlis is ilc duiy ol a picaclci as lc gocs
liom placc io placc.
The resuIf of fhis namapardha
"Il, wiiloui paying lccd io Youi insiiuciions, a guiu iniiiaics an insinccic
picicndci, lc commiis a giicvous ollcnsc loi wlicl lc gocs io lcll. Tlc
namapaidlas commiiicd by ilc clailaian disciplc slowly bui suicly diminisl ilc
guiu's spiiiiual poicncy, and linally ilc guiu is iuincd. Tlis ollcnsc las a
dcvasiaiing cllcci on boil ilc guiu and ilc disciplc ilcy boil musi cnici lcll.
Sraddha firsf, fhen inifiafion
"My dcai Loid, You wcic vciy mcicilul io Jagai and Madlai. Tlcsc bioilcis
wcic boin in a bialmana lamily, ilcii oiiginal namcs bcing Jagadananda and
Madlavananda. Tlcy bccamc lnown as ilc woisi iascals in Navadvipa duc io
ilcii viiulcni and violcni acis. Iiisi You involcd laiil in ilcm and ilcn You gavc
ilcm ilc loly namc. O Loid, Youi claiacici and aciiviiics aic cxcmplaiy, and
ilcy spicad illuminaiion iliougloui ilc woild. Lci cvciyonc lollow Youi
wondcilul cxamplc."
Tlosc wlo aic scivanis ol ilc scivanis ol ilc Vaisnavas aic cniiilcd io wcai ilc
piccious gcm ol ilis Haiinama Ciniamani.
CHAPTER ELEVEN
TO EQUATE CHANTING WITH OTHER PIOUS ACTIVITIES
(DHARMA VRATA TYAGA HUTADI)
IS THE EIGHTH OFFENSE
All gloiics io Loid Gauiacandia, ilc avaiaia Wlo dclivcis ilc loly namc; all
gloiics io ilc loly namc, ilc csscncc ol all Vcdic conclusions.
Siila Haiidasa Tlalui coniinucd, "O Loid, oilci pious aciiviiics can ncvci bc
cqual io claniing ilc namc."
The originaI form of fhe hoIy name
Tlc Supicmc Loid is lilc a iiansccndcnial sun Wlosc poicncy is unlimiicd,
cvcipuic and allpcivading consciousncss. All His cndlcss cxpansions cxlibii ilis
absoluic iiansccndcnial consciousncss, as do His namc, abodc, and pasiimcs.
Unlilc loims ol incii maiici wlicl aic scpaiaic liom ilcii namcs, lis diicci namcs
aic noi dillcicni liom Him.
Dcsccnding liom Golola, laving bccn summoncd by ilc claniing ol ilc puic
dcvoicc, ilc loly namc cnicis ilai dcvoicc's soul. Tlc puic namc ilcn cmanaics
oui ol ilc soul and pcimcaics lis cniiic body, dancing on ilc iip ol lis ionguc.
Onc wlo clanis undcisianding ilis is aciually claniing ilc loly namc, bui onc
wlo nouiislcs a maiciial conccpi ol ilc namc is diowncd in dcspondcncy and
sullcis cicinally in lcll; a dcvoicc slould ncvci scc ilc lacc ol sucl an ollcndci.
Tlc sciipiuics dcclaic Loid Kisna io bc ilc only objcci ol icscaicl loi scclcis
ol ilc Absoluic Tiuil. Accoiding io ilcii abiliiics, dillcicni icscaclcis adopicd
ilcii own mcans io lind ilai onc goal. Tlus dillcicni pails lilc laima, jnana and
blalii aic dcliniaicd. Tlosc wlo aic aiiaclcd io gioss maiciialism aic
iccommcndcd ilc pail ol laima loi puiilicaiion. Ioi souls aiiiacicd io ilc
illusionism ol maya, ilc suggcsicd pail is ilc culiivaiion ol monisiic plilosoply.
lui loi all jivas, puic dcvoiional scivicc is ilc bcsi and mosi suiiablc.
Whaf is subhakarma:
Pcisons puisuing mundanc cxisicncc ialc io ilc woislip ol ilc Supicmc Loid
oui ol lcai ol dcail. Tlc Loid's loius lcci aic ilc pcilcci slclici, licc liom all
anxiciy, and aic ilc only mcans io cioss ovci ilc occan ol ncscicncc. lui wlcn
ilc pioccss io obiain ilc pioicciion ol ilc Loid bccomcs coloicd by maiciial
moiivcs, ilcn ilc pioccss iiscll bccomcs mundanc. Lvcn ilougl ii is ilc Loid
wlo is bcing woislipcd, bccausc ilc pioccss ol woislip is mundanc, ilc woislip
bccomcs maiciially pious aciiviiy oi sublalaima.
Sublalaima includcs: aliiuisiic woil, liic saciiliccs, abluiions, claiiiy, yoga,
ilc piaciicc ol vainasiamadlaima, pilgiimagcs, vows, ollciings io loiclailcis,
mcdiiaiion, culiivaiion ol cmpiiical lnowlcdgc, piopiiiaiion ol dcmigods,
pcnanccs, ausiciiiics, cic. All ilcsc aciiviiics aic mcans io mundanc objcciivcs.
lui alici a long pciiod ol piaciicc ol sublalaima, ilc pciloimci giadually obiains
ilc ical goal ol all lis cndcavois ilc slclici ol ilc loius lcci ol ilc Supicmc Loid.
Ai ilis junciuic, lc musi abandon ilc icmpoiaiy ways ol sublalaima, loi lc now
lnows ilc gcnuinc csscncc ol all icligious duiics blalii, dcvoiion io ilc Loid.

Sublalaima is indccd a viablc pail loi condiiioncd souls io aiiain ilc uliimaic
goal, i.c. lovc ol Godlcad. Yci onc laci musi bc clcaily siaicd icacling pcilcciion
iliougl sublalaima is a iimcconsuming allaii. Tlc uliimaic objcciivc is Kisna-
picma, wlicl is lully spiiiiual, bui on ilc sublalaima pail, ilc mcans io aiiain ii
is mundanc. Tlus ilcic is a gull ol dillcicncc bciwccn ilc mcans and ilc
objcciivc.
[Foofnofe 1 by Bhakfivinoda|
Tlc cvoluiion ol ilc jiva liom mundanc icligiousiiy io Kisna consciousncss is ilc
masici plan ol Piovidcncc, wlicl impcls ilc jiva io aspiic loi pcilcciion. Tlc
condiiioncd souls cannoi cxisi wiiloui coniaciing maiici. All ilcii ilouglis and
aciiviiics aic iniimaicly wovcn inio ilc labiic ol maiciialism. Pious aciiviiics
(sublalaima) piovidc a mcans loi ilc jiva io appioacl puic dcvoiion iliougl
slilllul clloiis ol maiciial coniaci. Simuliancously, ilis coniaci wiil maiici givcs
iisc io disconicni and sullciing. Tlcicloic, io aclicvc ilc bliss ol Kisna
consciousncss, in ilc cnd ilc jiva musi givc up sublalaima. ¦Lnd ol looinoic
1]

Chanfing fhe hoIy name is nof subhakarma
Oui ol His causclcss compassion, ilc Supicmc Loid incainaicd as ilc loly
namc, maling Himscll immcdiaicly availablc io ilc jivas; ilus ilc loly namc is
acccpicd by ilc iniclligcni and iiglicous jivas as ilcii only mcans ol pcilcciion.
Tlc sciipiuics iccommcnd claniing ilc Loid's namc as ilc mosi cllcciivc pioccss
ol obiaining ilc supicmc goal, bui somc pcisons undcisiand ilis io mcan ilai
claniing is onc ol many sublalaimas. Tlis misconccpiion is similai io Loid
Visnu bcing sccn as jusi anoilci dcmigod lilc Siva oi lialma.
Tlc loly namc is lully spiiiiual and iiansccndcnial io maiciial naiuic. Ii is
uniainicd by maiici. Tlougl ilc jiva is lilcwisc spiiiiual, lc ilinls limscll
maiciial duc io gioss ignoiancc. Conscqucnily, lc ilinls ilai cvciyiling,
including ilc loly namc ol ilc Loid, is also maiciial. Tlus ilc claniing ol Loid
Kisna's loly namc camc io bc caicgoiizcd as sublalaima, and ilc jivas wiil
Mayavadi lcanings aic convinccd ilai ilis is iigli and piopci. lui ilosc wlo
adlcic io ilis vicw aic cxcludcd liom ilc pail ol dcvoiional scivicc.
The hoIy name is bofh fhe means and fhe end
Tlc loly namc is ilc icposiioiy ol spiiiiual bliss. Hc las dcsccndcd io ilis
maiciial woild io bc ilc mcans by wlicl Hc, ilc summum bonum ol blalii, is
aiiaincd. Tlc sciipiuics culogizc His divinc gloiics, loi Kisna's namc is boil ilc
mcans io picma and picma iiscll. Accoiding io ilc individual jiva's dcgicc ol
spiiiiual pcilcciion, lc considcis ilc Loid's loly namc io bc ciilci ilc mcans oi
ilc cnd. As long as onc las noi aiiaincd lull Kisna consciousncss, ilc namc
appcais as ilc mcans io icacl ilai goal.
Subhakarma is fhe secondary means; fhe hoIy name is fhe primary means
Tlcic aic iwo mcans io ilc supicmc goal: piimaiy and sccondaiy.
Sublalaima is ilc sccondaiy mcans and ilc Loid's loly namc is ilc piimaiy
mcans. Tlougl ilc loly namc is counicd as a 'mcans', ii is ncvciilclcss cicinally
ilc piinciplc mcans. Oncc ilis poini is clcaily undcisiood, ilc dillcicnccs bciwccn
ilc loly namc and sublalaima will bc clcaily sccn. Tlc sciipiuial vcidici is ilai
ilc loly namc is ilc csscncc ol spiiiiual bliss, and is ilus incompaiiblc io any
oilci sublalaima. Onc wlo clanis puicly cxpciicnccs low ilc insuipassablc joy
ol ilc Loid and His pasiimcs cnicis ilc lcaii and malcs ii soai wiil sublimc
dcligli: sucl is ilc naiuic ol ilc loly namc ol Kisna.
The joy of sayujamukfi is insignificanf
Lvcn ilc bliss ol scllicalizaiion iliougl jnana oi yoga cannoi bc compaicd io
ilai ol claniing ilc loly namc, loi ilc siaic ol joy in impcisonal libciaiion is
mcicly ilc ccssaiion ol maiciial sullciing.
Tlc wondcilul qualiiy ol ilc loly namc is ilai duiing ilc sadlana (piaciicc)
pciiod ii is ilc mcans, and in ilc pcilccicd siagc, ii is ilc uliimaic goal. Lvcn
wlilc bcing uiilizcd as ilc mcans, ilc loly namc icmains always ilc goal. Tlis
cannoi bc said ol oilci sublalaimas, wlicl aic all mundanc aciiviiics. Tlc loly
namc is puicly spiiiiual, bcing scllmanilcsicd liom ilc icalm ol suddlasaiiva.
Lvcn duiing ilc piaciicc ol sadlana, ilc loly namc is siiuaicd in puic goodncss;
ilc sadlala's impcilcciions and anaiilas only sccm io coloi ii.
Tlc loly namc musi bc clanicd in ilc associaiion ol dcvoiccs: ilcn all ilc
maiciial incbiiiics and anaiilas disappcai, bcing icplaccd by ilc puic namc ol
Kisna. Tlc piaciicc ol sublalaima musi bc discaidcd upon aiiainmcni ol ilc
slclici ol ilc uliimaic dcsiinaiion. lui clanicis lavc ncvci io givc up ilc loly
namc. Tlcy simply clani ilc puic namc in ilc pcilccicd siagc.
Tlc Loid's loly namc is diamciiically opposiic in naiuic io mundanc
sublalaima aciiviiics. In ilc sadlana siagc, ilc dcvoicc slould, by ilc giacc ol
lis spiiiiual masici and on ilc basis ol Vcdic piools, compiclcnd ilc dillcicncc
bciwccn ilc loly namc and sublalaima.
[Foofnofe 2 by Bhakfivinoda|
Siaddla, wlcn sullicicnily maiuic, biings onc io ilc associaiion ol dcvoiccs. In
ilai associaiion, onc bcgins dcvoiional scivicc. Tlc lcaii is clcanscd ol all
anaiilas by claniing ilc loly namc ol ilc Loid. As mucl as ilc lcaii is clcanscd
ol anaiilas, io ilai dcgicc ilc claniing bccomcs puic. Piogicssivcly, onc is lixcd
in dcvoiion and dcvclops iasic loi ilc loly namc. Tlc lnowlcdgc ol ilcsc
dcvclopmcnial siagcs musi bc picliminaiily undcisiood and bclicvcd in by ilc
sadlala iliougl ilc giacc ol lis spiiiiual masici. Oilciwisc, lis anaiilas will
muliiply duc io lis commiiiing namapaiadla. lui wiil ilis piopci undcisianding
and laiil, ilc puic namc manilcsis vciy quiclly. ¦Lnd ol looinoic 2]
The remedy for fhis namaparadha

Tlis namapaiadla ol cquaiing ilc loly namc wiil sublalaima is commiiicd
bccausc ol sinlul aciiviiics, cspccially ilc sin ol ollcnding ilc dcvoiccs ol ilc Loid.
Immcdiaic counicimcasuics musi bc undciialcn, bccausc as a icsuli ol ilcsc
ollcnscs, ilc jiva acquiics ilc pcivciicd Mayavadi undcisianding ol ilc loly namc.
Only ilc associaiion ol dcvoiccs can cxculpaic sucl ollcnscs.
To iid limscll ol ilis namapaiadla, onc musi appioacl a louscloldci
Vaisnava wlo oiiginally camc liom a vciy low casic; ilis is io siamp oui any lalsc
undcisiandings ol dcsignaiion and casic disiinciions. Tlc ollcndci slould ilcn
smcai all ovci lis own body, wiil gicai icspcci and laiil, ilc dusi ol ilc lcci ol
ilai Vaisnava. Hc musi also cai ilc icmnanis ol ilis Vaisnava's lood and diinl ilc
waici ilai waslcd lis lcci. In ilis way, ilc piopci aiiiiudc iowaids ilc puic namc
will again dcvclop wiilin ilc ollcndci's lcaii. Tlc wlolc woild sings ol low
Kalidasa was savcd liom ilis namapaiadla by ilc mcicy ol ilc Loid.
SriIa Haridasa Thakur's affachmenf fo fhe hoIy name
"My dcai Loid, my consciousncss is iloiouglly mundanc. Tlougl I mouil
ilc namcs ol ilc Loid, I am ioo unloiiunaic io cxpciicncc ilcii iiansccndcnial
iouclsionc qualiiics. O Loid! I bcg You io plcasc appcai as ilc loly namc and
dancc on my ionguc.
I lall ai Youi loius lcci and piay: il You lilc, You can lccp mc in ilis maiciial
woild oi placc mc in ilc spiiiiual sly. Wlaicvci dcsiic is Youis, You aic licc io
lullill, bui plcasc lci mc iasic ilc divinc ncciai ol Kisna's loly namc. You lavc
dcsccndcd amongsi ilc condiiioncd souls io disiiibuic ilc loly namc, so lindly
also considci mc, an insignilicani jiva. I am a lallcn soul and You aic ilc savioi ol
ilc lallcn. Lci ilis bc oui cicinal iclaiionslip. O Savioi! On ilc siicngil ol ilis
iclaiionslip, I am bcgging liom You ilc ncciai ol ilc loly namc.
Why fhe name is fhe reIigion of fhe age
"In Kaliyuga all oilci pioccsscs cxccpi ilc loly namc aic incapablc ol
icdccming ilc lallcn souls. Tlcicloic ilc claniing ol ilc loly namc is ilc
yugadlaima. Aciually, ii is ilc mosi cllicicni icligious piaciicc iliougloui all ilc
agcs. lui in Kali Yuga, unlilc oilci agcs, ilcic is no oilci icligion availablc. Tlus
ilc loly namc appcais as ilc only icligion ilai can icdccm ilc lallcn souls."
Only onc wlo is blcsscd wiil loving dcvoiion as ilc scivani ol Siila Haiidasa
Tlaluia, and wlo ilinls limscll dcvoid ol qualilicaiion, is lii io icciic ilis
Haiinama Ciniamani.
CHAPTER TWELVE
TO CHANT INATTENTIVELY (PRAMADA)
IS THE NINTH OFFENSE
All gloiics io Sii Caiianya Malapiablu and all His dcvoiccs; by ilcii causclcss
giacc alonc, I pciloim congicgaiional claniing ol ilc loly namc ol ilc Loid.

The offense known as pramada or inaffenfive chanfing

Siila Haiidasa Tlaluia ilcn said, "O Loid Caiianya, io Siila Sanaiana Goswami
lcic in Jagannaila Puii and Siila Gopala llaiia Goswami in Souil India, you
iaugli ilai ilc loly namc musi bc clanicd aiicniivcly. Inaiicniion in claniing is
namapaiadla. Onc may caiclully avoid all oilci namapaiadlas, yci siill noi
cxpciicncc ilc ccsiasy ol ilc puic namc. Tlis is an indicaiion ol anoilci iypc ol
namapaiadla lnown as piamada, wlicl picvcnis ilc clanici liom icacling ilc
siagc ol nisila, oi liim laiil. Tlis in iuin blocls ilc luiilci giowil ol blalii io
ilc llowciing ol Kisnapicma."

Three kinds of inaffenfion

Piamada mcans 'madncss', bui 'inaiicniion' and 'caiclcssncss' aic also
synonyms ol ilis woid. Inaiicniivc claniing sows ilc sccds ol anaiilas wlicl
soon dcvclop in ilc lcaii. Inaiicniion is ol ilicc linds. Tlc liisi is callcd
audasinya, oi 'apailciic dcvoiional scivicc', mcaning a lacl ol lixcd icsolvc in
sadlana. Tlc sccond iypc is jadya, 'lazincss' oi cvcn 'inciiia'. Tlc iliid lind is
vislcpa, wlicl mcans 'disiiaciion' oi 'misplacing onc's aiicniion in cngagcmcnis
oilci ilan sadlana-blalii.'

If is essenfiaI fo give speciaI affenfion fo chanfing whiIe anuraga is undeveIoped

ly a spccial siiolc ol good loiiunc, a jiva dcvclops cnougl siaddla io ialc
slclici ol ilc loly namc. ly icgulaily claniing a lixcd numbci ol loly namcs wiil
spccial caic and aiicniion, lc may, by dcgiccs, piogicss io anuiaga, oi sponiancous
aiiiaciion loi ilc Loid's namc. Hc slould clani lis picsciibcd numbci ol iounds
on a Tulasimala and incicasc lis iounds wiil iimc. lcloic lc icaclcs ilc siagc ol
anuiaga, lc musi bc vciy cauiious aboui ollcnscs in claniing.
Mosi pcoplc aic naiuially vciy aiiaclcd io maiciial ilings, ilcii mcmoiics
always absoibcd in maiici. Tlcy may indccd clani ilc loly namc ol ilc Loid, bui
ilcii minds may bc lai away liom ilc claniing. Lvcn il ilcy daily clani onc lalla
(onc lundicd ilousand) loly namcs on ilc japamala, noi a diop ol iasic loi ilc
Loid's namc will bc pioduccd in ilcii lcaiis. Ii is dilliculi io icsiiain maiciialisiic
lcaiis liom sucl ollcnscs.

The process of overcoming apafhy

Onc musi malc ii lis daily iouiinc io clani loi an loui in ilc company ol
sainily Vaisnavas in a sacicd, undisiuibcd placc.
Taling noic ol ilc Vaisnavas' dcvoiional aiiiiudc and ilcii iclisl loi ilc loly
namc, ilc ncoplyic slould iiy io cmulaic ilis mood and giadually iid limscll ol
lis apaily io claniing. Sicp by sicp, lis mind and aiicniion slould bccomc lixcd
in ilc loly namc. ly consiani claniing, ilc swccincss ol ilc loly namc malcs
lim anxious io iasic moic ol ilai ncciai.
Advanccd Vaisnavas advisc ilai claniing is bcsi pciloimcd in ilc picscncc ol
Tulasidcvi and in a placc ol Loid Kisna's pasiimcs. Tlc clanici slould always
sccl ilc associaiion ol sainily dcvoiccs and cmulaic ilcii disciplinc. Hc musi
lollow in ilc looisicps ol picvious acaiyas in ilc joylul mcilod ol woisliping ilc
Loid iliougl His loly namc. Hc may bcgin wiil an loui ol sucl claniing, ilcn
iwo, ilcn incicasc ii io loui uniil linally lc will clani noi lcss ilcn ilicc lallas ol
loly namcs a day. Tlis lclps lim io soon scvci lis linls wiil maiciialism.
Anoilci cllcciivc mcilod loi iidding oncscll ol apaily iowaids ilc loly namc
is io sii in a closcd ioom alonc and mcdiiaic on ilc namc as did ilc picvious sagcs.
Oi onc can covci ilc lcad and lacc wiil a cloil and conccniiaic on ilc sound ol
ilc loly namc. Tlis will immcdiaicly lix ilc mind liimly on ilc loly namc;
slowly, onc dcvclops aiiiaciion loi ilc namc, and ilc ollcnsc ol apailciic
inaiicniiion will vanisl.

Overcoming Iaziness

Inaiicniion aiising liom lazincss (jadya) picvcnis a pcison liom iclisling ilc
ncciai ol ilc loly namc. Hc is slow io clani and icmcmbci ilc loly namc. Lvcn
alici iiying, lc vciy soon linds ilc clloii uncnduiablc and wanis io slccp oi
oilciwisc cngagc limscll in liivoliiy.
Advanccd dcvoiccs aic cauiious againsi sucl an ollcnsc. Tlcy ncvci wasic a
singlc momcni in usclcss ialls oi aciiviiics. Tlcii mcdiiaiion on ilc Loid's loly
namc is unbiolcn. Tlcy aic so absoibcd in ilc ncciai ol ilc loly namc ilai ilcy
do noi wani anyiling clsc. Onc musi ilcicloic aspiic io associaic wiil sucl iaic
dcvoiccs and lollow ilcii cxamplc, ilus iidding limscll ol lis lazincss.
Ii is ilc naiuic ol sainily Vaisnavas io bc always cngagcd in dcvoiional
aciiviiics. Tlcy ncvci wasic iimc usclcssly. Onc slould bccomc aiiiacicd io ilis
dcvoiional iiaii. Onc slould asl limscll low lc also can bccomc lilc ilcsc
dcvoiccs, immciscd in mcdiiaiion upon ilc loly namc; low, liom ilis vciy day,
lc can incicasc lis claniing sicp by sicp uniil sucl iimc as lc can aciually clani
ilicc lallas ol loly namcs wiil inspiiaiion and cagcincss. Wlcn Loid Kisna sccs
sucl cnilusiasm, Hc iccipiocaics by icmoving ilc ncoplyic's mcnial inciiia wiil
ilc powci ol His namc, and by allowing lim io icmain in ilc associaiion ol His
advanccd dcvoiccs.
Overcoming disfracfion
Disiiaciion in claniing biccds illusion wlicl bccomcs ilc causc ol luiilci
sciious ollcnscs againsi ilc loly namc. Tlis illusion, dilliculi io ovcicomc,
cngcndcis aiiiaciion io wcalil, womcn, posiiion, succcss and ilc clcaiing
piopcnsiiy. Wlcn ilcsc aiiiaciions covci ilc lcaii, ilc ncoplyic bccomcs
ncglccilul ol ilc claniing ol ilc loly namc.
Onc musi malc a consiani clloii io iiy and diivc sucl aiiiaciions away liom
ilc mind by diligcnily lollowing ilc ways ol Vaisnava culiuic. Tlis will biing
bacl lis good loiiunc. Ioi insiancc, lc slould niccly obscivc ilc Lladasi vows,
ilc appcaiancc days ol ilc Loid and oilci sucl impoiiani lcsiival days.
Hc slould spcnd ilc cniiic lcsiival day and nigli claniing and singing ilc
gloiics ol ilc Loid in associaiion ol sainily dcvoiccs. Tlc idcal way io obscivc
ilcsc lcsiivals is io bc in onc ol ilc dlamas (Navadvipa, Viindavana, Puii cic.)
wiil sadlus (puic dcvoiccs in ilc linc ol Siila Rupa Goswami) icading and
discussing sasiia (Vcdic liiciaiuics lilc llagavadgiia, Siimad llagavaiam and
oilci Vaisnava sciipiuics). Hc slould wlolclcaiiily paiiicipaic in ilc lcsiival
piogiams wiiloui anxiciy and lcsiiaiion. Tlcsc lcsiivals will iclindlc ilc dying
spail ol spiiiiual iasic. Tlus lc will bc aiiiacicd io ilc pasiimcs ol ilc Supicmc
Loid.
Tasiing ilc supciioi llavoi ol puic Kisna consciousncss, lc will naiuially bc
disgusicd by lis inlciioi maiciial aiiaclmcnis. Hc will bc cniapiuicd by swcci
songs ol ilc Loid's pasiimcs sung by ilc dcvoiccs, and lis cais will lill up wiil
ncciai ilai dislodgcs lis mind liom maiici and lixcs ii upon ilc loly namc again.
Tlc dcvoicc can ilcn clani sicadily in a joyous and pcacclul mood.

Good advice for chanfers

Onc musi diligcnily complcic ilc claniing ol ilc daily picsciibcd numbci ol
loly namcs accoiding io onc's vow. lui anoilci lind ol disiiaciion occuis wlcn
onc is ioo cagci io complcic ilc lixcd numbci ol loly namcs cvcn ai ilc saciilicc
ol qualiiy. Onc musi ilcicloic always insuic ilai lc clanis lis iounds sinccicly.
Also, onc slould bciici impiovc ilc qualiiy ol lis claniing iailci ilan iiy io
incicasc lis daily numbci ol iounds loi slow. Tlc namc ol ilc Loid slould bc
always bc pionounccd disiincily. Only by ilc giacc ol ilc Loid can ilis bc
aclicvcd. Tlus onc slould piay io ilc Loid ilai lc ncvci lalls viciim io ilc wilcs
ol ilc illusion ol disiiaciion, and ilai lc can coniinuc io iasic ilc lull ncciai ol ilc
loly namc.

The secref fo success is humiIify

Tlc dcvoicc slould malc ii a icgulai piaciicc io spcnd a liiilc iimc alonc in a
quici placc and conccniiaic dccply on ilc loly namc. Hc slould uiici and lcai
ilc namc disiincily. Ii is impossiblc loi ilc jiva io singlclandcdly avoid and
ovcicomc ilc illusion ol disiiaciion. ly ilc mcicy ol ilc Loid, lowcvci, ilis is
accomplislcd wiil casc. Tlcicloic ii is csscniial io piaycilully bcg loi ilc Loid's
giacc wiil gicai lumiliiy, loi ilis is ilc only mcans io salvaiion liom ilis ollcnsc.

The necessify of deveIoping enfhusiasm

"O Loid Caiianya!" ciicd Tlalui Haiidasa. "You aic an occan ol compassion!
I wlolclcaiicdly bcg loi Youi mcicy. Indccd, il I was unablc io piay io You in ilis
way, ilcn no onc would bc moic unloiiunaic ilan I.
"Tlosc wlo aiicmpi io ialc up dcvoiional scivicc on ilc mciiis ol ilcii
individual iniclligcncc and mcnial cxpciiisc will lind ilai all ilcii cndcavois aic
liuiilcss. Loid Kisna's mcicy is ilc piimc causc ol all succcsslul woil. Onc wlo
docs noi aspiic io obiain ilc Loid's mcicy is indccd a vciy unloiiunaic soul."
A nofe abouf fhe vow of nirbandha
Siila Haiidasa Tlalui adviscd ilai wc conccniiaic dccply on ilc loly namc ol
Kisna. Loid Caiianya's icaclings on ilis maiici aic lound in ilc Caiianya
llagavaia, Madlya 23.650: "Haic Kisna Haic Kisna Kisna Kisna Haic Haic, Haic
Rama Haic Rama Rama Rama Haic Haic. Tlc Loid said, 'Tlis is ilc mala-maniia;
now go and do japa mcdiiaiion, claniing ilcsc loly namcs a picsciibcd numbci ol
iimcs (niibandla) cacl day. You will aclicvc all dcsiiablc pcilcciion liom ilis
claniing. Jusi clani ilc loly namc consianily, bccausc no iulcs oi icgulaiions can
icsiiici claniing.'
Tlc woid niibandla nccds claboiaiion. Tlc sadlala slould clani ilc
malamaniia on a japamala ol 10S Tulasi bcads. Ioui iounds on ilc bcads malcs
a gianili. ly giadually incicasing lis claniing, ilc sadlala slould aspiic io clani
16 gianilis oi onc lalla ol loly namcs: ilis numbci is considcicd as niibandla. Il
claniing is ilcn cvcn luiilci incicascd io ilicc lallas ol namcs, ilc dcvoicc will
always bc immciscd in ilc Loid's loly namc. All ilc picvious acaiyas and
malajanas lavc lollowcd ilis insiiuciion ol Loid Caiianya and aiiaincd pcilcciion.
Lvcn now, anyonc can aiiain pcilcciion by piopci claniing. Lvciyonc, including
ilc puic dcvoiccs, ilc salvaiionisis, and ilc maiciialisiic pcisons aic cligiblc io
clani ilc loly namc ol ilc Loid.
Two dillcicni moods ol Kisnapicma aic visiblc in puic dcvoiccs, bui ilc ncciai
ol ilc loly namc is iclislcd in boil ol ilcsc moods, in ilc lappincss ol mcciing
ilc Loid and in ilc pangs ol scpaiaiion liom ilc Loid.
Onc wlo wcais ilc gcm ol Haiinama Ciniamani as a ciown upon lis lcad will
cciicinly lind slclici ai Siila Haiidasa Tlaluia's loius lcci.
CHAPTER THIRTEEN
TO MAINTAIN MATERIAL ATTACHMENTS OF 'ME' AND 'MINE'
IS THE TENTH OFFENSE
All gloiics io Sii Gadadlaia Pandii and Loid Sii Gauianga; all gloiics io Loid
Niiyananda, ilc lilc and soul ol Siimaii Jalnavadcvi; all gloiics io Sii Advaiia
Acaiya, ilc Loid ol Moilci Siia; all gloiics io all ilc dcvoiccs ol Loid Caiianya.

Dicnclcd in icais ol ccsiaiic lovc, Siila Haiidasa Tlaluia wcni on io cxplain,
in a clolcd voicc, ilc lasi ol ilc ollcnscs io ilc loly namc. "My Loid, ilis lasi
namapaiadla is ilc woisi lind ol ollcnsc; iis picscncc siops ilc llow
Kisnapicma."
Lvcn alici laving ialcn spiiiiual iniiiaiion, mosi maiciially aiiaclcd pcisons
cannoi lully givc up bodily dcsignaiions. Tlcy mainiain a 'mc' and 'minc' mcnialiiy
ilai sidciiacls ilcm liom ilc pail ol dcvoiion. lodily dcsignaiions, c.g. 'I am a
bialmana', 'I am Vaisnava', 'I am ling', oi 'I am a iicl man'; and posscsivcncss, c.g.
'Tlis is my posiiion, wcalil, son, giandson and so on', sympiomizc immaiuiiiy ol
icalizaiion and aic dciciicnis io piopci culiivaiion ol dcvoiional scivicc. Tlis is a
iciiiblc ollcnsc ilai is only goiicn iid ol wlcn onc suiicndcis io ilc loly Namc.

The necessify and sympfoms of surrender fo fhe hoIy name

Having givcn up liisi ninc namapaiadlas, cvciy dcvoicc musi suiicndci
complcicly io ilc loly namc. Accoiding io ilc sciipiuics, ilc pioccss ol suiicndci
(saianagaii) las six limbs. Ii is impossiblc io cxplain ilcm in dciail lcic, bui
biiclly ilcy aic as lollows.
Tlc vow io acccpi cvciyiling lavoiablc loi ilc cxccuiion ol dcvoiional scivicc;
lilcwisc, io icjcci anyiling unlavoiablc; io bc convinccd ilai Loid Kisna will
always givc pioicciion; io dcpcnd wlolly on Kisna loi cvciyiling; io always lccl
mccl and lumblc; and io iliow oncscll ai Loid Kisna's loius lcci in lull
scllsuiicndci - ilcsc aic ilc six limbs ol suiicndci .
Dcvoiional scivicc is possiblc only wlilc alivc. Hcncc onc musi acccpi ilai
wlicl lccps ilc body and soul iogcilci, and noi moic. Lilc musi bc moldcd io
laciliiaic dcvoiional scivicc. Tlcicloic onc slould dcvclop a iasic loi objccis ilai
aic connccicd io Loid Kisna. Simuliancously, a naiuial disiasic loi dciciicnis io
dcvoiional scivicc will also aiisc wiilin ilc lcaii. Loid Kisna bccomcs ilc only
pioiccioi and mainiainci, bccausc no onc is as dcpcndablc as Hc is. Knowing ilis,
onc slould ilinl, 'As His cicinal slavc, I am somclow also an insignilicani
mcmbci ol Loid Kisna's lamily. My only aspiiaiion is io aci accoiding io His will.'
Onc musi ilcn diop all lalsc dcsignaiions lilc bialmana, sudia, lailci,
lusband, ling, subjcci, masici, donoi, mainiainci; and aiiaclmcnis io moncy,
body, sons, wilc cic. Insicad, onc slould cnici ilc mood ol ilc paiaplcinalia ol
Loid Kisna, ilinling: 'Hc is ilc ical Masici and Loid, and His will is impciaiivc. I
am icady io aci only io lullil Loid Kisna's dcsiic and will noi cvcn ilinl aboui my
own wislcs. I will adjusi my lousclold allaiis loi ilc Loid's saiislaciion. ly His
wisl I will cioss ilc maiciial occan. Only by His dcsiic will I lccl gcnuinc
compassion loi ilc sullciing souls. In iimcs ol boil joy and soiiow I icmain
cicinally Loid Kisna's sciviioi. My momcnis ol maiciial cnjoymcni and my moods
ol icnunciaiion aic cxpciicnccd only duc io ilc Loid's will.' Wlcn ilcsc lcclings
aiisc sponiancously, onc aclicvcs ilc siagc ol aimanivcdana (suiicndci ol ilc
soul).

The consequences of nof surrendering

Onc unablc io acccpi ilc six limbs ol suiicndci is a piisonci ol lalsc cgo wlo
always ilinls in icims ol 'mc' and 'minc'. Hc pioudly dcclaics, 'I am ilc masici
lcic. Tlis lousclold and lamily bclong io mc. Tlc liuiis ol woil aic minc by
iigli ol laboi, and I am ilcii cnjoyci, wlcilci ilcy bc biiici oi swcci. I am my
own pioiccioi and mainiainci. Tlis womcn is my wilc, lcic is my bioilci, lc is
my son. ly ilc swcai ol my biow I cain my own living, and succcss is ilc icwaid
ol my cndcavois.'
Inioxicaicd wiil sucl cgoism, ilcsc maiciialisiic pcisons ovcicsiimaic ilcii
own abiliiy and iniclligcncc. Scicniisis piopagaic ilcii ilcoiics and dcvclop
icclnology io llauni ilcii dcnial ol God. Among ailcisis, ilcsc aic ilc woisi
dcmons. Tlcy ialc cicdii loi ilc so-callcd advanccmcni ol scicniilic icclnology
and loi ilc maiciial comloii ii biings. lui laciually, ii all lappcns by ilc Loid's
will: ilis ilcy complcicly lail io scc.
Wlcn ilc ailcisis lcai ilc gloiics ol ilc loly namc ilcy disbclicvc ilcm. Yci
somciimcs cvcn ilcy uiici Kisna's loly namc duc io ilc picssuic ol social cusiom.
lui sincc ilis lind ol claniing is bcicli ol laiil, ilcy ncvci cxpciicncc bliss. Sucl
aic ilc sicicoiypcd ways ol clcaicis wlo malc a mcic slow ol icligion. ly
icpcaiing Kisna's namc, cvcn ilougl in ncglcci, ilcy cain a liiilc piciy, bui ilcy
aic dcpiivcd ol ilc aciual icsuli ol claniing - puic lovc ol Godlcad.
Tlc causc ol ilcii ollcnsivcncss is maiciial cngiossmcni. Tlcy aic so
capiivaicd by ilc illusoiy poicncy ilai ilcy aic blindcd, and ii is cxiicmcly
dilliculi loi ilcm io gci licc ol ilcii ollcnsivc condiiion. Only onc wlo acquiics a
iasic loi puic dcvoiional scivicc bccomcs disgusicd wiil maiciial lilc; lcaving ii, lc
ialcs lull slclici ol ilc loly Namc.

How fo rid oneseIf of fhis offense

Lcaving asidc all maiciial aiiaclmcnis and acccpiing voluniaiy povciiy, onc
slould lumbly woislip Loid Kisna's loius lcci, ialing lull slclici ol ilc claniing
ol ilc loly namc. Hc slould aspiic loi ilc associaiion ol dcvoiccs and scivc ilcm
wiiloui maiciial dcsiics. Giadually lis lcaii will bccomc impicgnaicd wiil
aiiiaciion loi ilc loly namc. Tlc cgoisiic mcnialiiy ol 'mc' and 'minc' will
disappcai and lc will suimouni ilc occan ol maiciial ncscicncc.
ly lcaiing ilc gloiics ol ilc loly namc, ilc lasi iiaccs ol lalsc cgo will
dissipaic, and ilc sympioms ol a puic dcvoicc will ilcn blossom in lis lcaii, and
lc will ialc io ilc six pioccsscs ol suiicndci. Hc wlo linds complcic slclici in
ilc loly namc is a gicai soul, loi lc bccomcs ilc iccipicni ol ilc gicai iicasuic ol
Kisnapicma.

The sympfoms of one who is free from fhe fen namaparadhas

In bcing waincd io avoid ilc icn ollcnscs io ilc loly namc ol ilc Loid, onc is
aciually bcing oidcicd io posiiivcly implcmcni ilc spccilic sainily qualiiics ilai
icndci ilcsc apaiadlas impossiblc. Tlcicloic, onc musi: noi ciiiicizc bui scivc ilc
sainily Vaisnavas; woislip Kisna as ilc Absoluic Supicmc Loid; givc lull icspcci
io ilc spiiiiual masici wlo iniiiaics onc inio ilc loly namc; icgaid ilc sciipiuics
ilai icvcal ilc gloiics ol ilc loly namc as piccmincni; lnow wiilin ilc lcaii ilai
ilc loly namc is cicinally siiuaicd in puic iiansccndcncc; iooi oui and dcsiioy ilc
dcsiic io commii sins; picacl ilc gloiics ol ilc loly namc only io ilc laiillul; givc
up iiiualisiic pious aciiviiics cniiicly; clani wiil lull aiicniion and suiicndci lully
io ilc loly namc.

Bhava is affained quickIy when fhe chanfing is free from offenses

Wlcn onc is ilus licc liom ollcnscs, lc bccomcs ilc mosi loiiunaic soul in ilc
ilicc woilds. Hc acquiics all good qualiiics and is cligiblc io icccivc Loid Kisna's
causclcss mcicy. Vciy quiclly, lis claniing awaids lim ilc divinc liuii ol blava,
ilc liisi siagc ol picma. Tlus ilc ollcnsclcss clanici is piomoicd liom ilc
sadlana oi piaciicc siagc io blava, oi sponiancous puic dcvoiional scivicc. Iiom
blava comcs picma, wlicl, accoiding io ilc sciipiuics, is ilc maiuic liuii ol puic
dcvoiion, ilc pinnacclc ol all pcilcciion. Loid Caiianya pcisonally guaianiccs ilai
il any dcvoicc clanis ilc loly namc licc liom ollcnscs, lc will quiclly obiain
Kisnapicma.

Pure bhakfi is priceIess; ofher affainmenfs are imifafion

Il onc coniinucs io clani wiil ollcnscs, ilcn in spiic ol many cndcavois, lc
will ncvci aiiain puic dcvoiion. Tlc liuiiivc woilci oi laimi cnjoys lcavcnly bliss
iliougl laima; ilc jnani obiains libciaiion as a icsuli ol cmpiiical lnowlcdgc; bui
puic dcvoiion io Kisna and Kisnapicma, wlicl is vciy iaicly aiiaincd, is lad only
iliougl ilc piopci cxccuiion ol sadlanablalii.
Tlc bliss ol lcavcn and libciaiion is compaicd io moilciol-pcail (ilc slining
innci suilacc ol a pcail oysici slcll), and puic blalii io Kisna is ilc piicclcss gcm
pcail. Ii is ilc jiva's piciogaiivc and ilc succcss ol lis luman biiil io acquiic
puic dcvoiion. Il onc sinccicly and cxpciily piaciiccs sadlana-blalii, lc vciy
soon icccivcs ilc sccd ol puic dcvoiion oi picma. Tlc mcaning ol cxpcii piaciicc
is ilai onc avoids ilc icn namapaiadlas.

One musf be greedy for pure bhakfi fo avoid offending fhe hoIy name
Il onc is sullicicnily giccdy loi obiaining puic dcvoiion, ilcn lc will clani licc
liom ilc icn ollcnscs. Hc musi diligcnily avoid cacl ol ilc ollcnscs wiil lcclings
ol dccp icpcniancc loi laving cvci commiicd ilcm. Hc slould piay sinccicly io
ilc loius lcci ol ilc loly namc and clani wiil dciciminaiion. Only ilcn will lc
bc blcsscd wiil ilc mcicy ol ilc loly namc, wlicl will dcsiioy all ol lis ollcnscs.
No oilci aciiviiy oi pcnancc can possibly cxculpaic lis ollcnscs.
How fo sfop namaparadha

Ollcnscs io ilc loly namc ol ilc Loid aic dissolvcd only iliougl consiani
claniing. Wlcn ilcy aic so dcsiioycd, ilcy can ncvci icappcai. Consiani
claniing mcans, apaii liom a minimal iimc loi icsi and oilci baic plysical
ncccssiiics, ilai onc slould clani iliougloui all louis ol ilc day wiil inicnsc
coniiiiion. No oilci pcnancc oi iiiual is as cllcciivc as ilis. Wlcn ilc ollcnscs
aic dcsiioycd, ilc puic loly namc blossoms wiilin ilc lcaii. Tlc puic namc ol
Kisna dclivcis blava and linally picma.
Siila Haiidasa Tlaluia concludcd, "O Loid Caiianya, I lumbly piay ai Youi
loius lcci ilai ilc icn ollcnscs in claniing ilc loly namc ol ilc Loid ncvci lind a
placc in my lcaii. Plcasc lindly giani ilai I may icmain submcigcd in ilc ncciai
ol ilc puic namc."
llaliivinoda, ilc scivani ol ilc dcvoiccs, is ablc io icciic Haiinama Ciniamani
in gicai dcligli only on ilc siicngil ol Siila Haiidasa Tlaluia's causclcss mcicy.
CHAPTER FOURTEEN
OFFENSES IN DEVOTIONAL SERVICE (SEVAPARADHA)
All gloiics io Sii Gadadlaia Pandii and Loid Sii Gauianga; all gloiics io Loid
Niiyananda, ilc lilc and soul ol Siimaii Jalnavadcvi; all gloiics io Moilci Siia and
Sii Advaiia Acaiya; all gloiics io Siila Siivasa Pandii and all ilc dcvoiccs ol Loid
Caiianya.

SriIa Haridas Thakura is Namacarya

Loid Caiianya said, "My dcai dcvoicc Haiidasa, ilc condiiioncd souls ol
Kaliyuga will gicaily bcnclii liom ilis claboiaic cxplanaiion ol ilc ollcnscs againsi
ilc loly namc ilai you lavc givcn. You aic indccd a gicai spiiiiual masici and
aclaiya."
Siila Haiidas Tlaluia is Namaclaiya, oi ilc loicmosi spiiiiual auiloiiiy on
ilc claniing ol ilc loly namc ol Kisna. Hc piaciiccd cvciyiling lc picaclcd. Hc
iaugli ilc jivas aboui suddlanama, namablasa, and ilc gloiics ol Kisna's namc;
lc also insiiucicd low onc may siop comiiiing namapaiadla all ilis by lis own
cxamplc.
Loid Caiianya coniinucd, "I mucl iclislcd youi dissciiaiion on ilc loly namc.
As an acaiya, you aic cxcmplaiy and as a picaclci, you aic piolound. You aic
always oinamcnicd by ilc piicclcss gcm ol ilc Loid's puic loly namc.
Ramananda Raya iaugli mc ilc sublimc scicncc ol iiansccndcnial mcllows, and
now you lavc icvcalcd ilc gloiics ol ilc loly namc. Kindly icll mc somciling
aboui ilc dillcicni linds ol ollcnscs madc in ilc cxccuiion ol dcvoiional scivicc io
ilc Dciiy."
Siila Haiidasa Tlaluia icplicd, "You aic asling aboui a subjcci ilai is lnown
io a scivani ol ilc Dciiy. All my iimc is ialcn up in sciving ilc loly namc. I don'i
lnow low io icply, yci I cannoi disicgaid Youi insiiuciion. I will spcal wlaicvci
you malc mc say."
Variefies of sevaparadha

Ollcnscs in dcvoiional scivicc (scvapaiadla) aic numcious. In somc sciipiuics,
iliiiyiwo sucl ollcnscs aic lisicd, and in oilcis, liliy. ly dcliniiion, scvapaiadla
is always iclaicd io Dciiy woislip. Lcaincd dcvoiccs idcniily loui classilicaiions ol
scvapaiadla, wlicl aic: ilosc pciiaining io pcisons cngagcd in Dciiy woislip;
ilosc pciiaining io ilc insiallaiion ol Dciiics; ilosc pciiaining io pcisons ialing
daisana ol ilc Dciiy in ilc icmplc; and ilosc ilai gcncially apply in all cascs.

Thirfy-fwo sevaparadhas

Tlc lisi ol iliiiyiwo ollcnscs in Dciiy woislip is as lollows: 1) cniciing ilc
icmplc wiil slocs on; 2) aligliing liom a vcliclc bcloic ilc Dciiy; 3) noi
obsciving ilc lcsiival days; +) loigciiing io ollci obcisanccs and piaycis io ilc
Dciiy; 5) ollciing woislip io ilc Dciiy in an unclcan oi coniaminaicd siaic; 6)
ollciing obcisanccs on onc land; 7) ciicumambulaiing bcloic ilc Dciiy; S)
cxicnding ilc lcci iowaids ilc Dciiy oi siiiing on onc's launclcs bcloic ilc Dciiy;
9) slccping oi icclining in ilc picscncc ol ilc Dciiy; 10) caiing bcloic ilc Dciiy;
11) spcaling lics bcloic ilc Dciiy; 12) spcaling oui loudly bcloic ilc Dciiy; 13)
ialling wiil oilcis bcloic ilc Dciiy; 1+) using abusivc languagc bcloic ilc Dciiy;
15) giving claiiiy oi giving ilanls io oilcis bcloic ilc Dciiy; 16) quaiiclling
bcloic ilc Dciiy; 17) Ciying, lowling oi slcdding lalsc icais bcloic ilc Dciiy; 1S)
ciiiicizing somconc bcloic ilc Dciiy; 19) covciing oncscll wiil a blanlci oi quili
bcloic ilc Dciiy; 20) piaising somconc bcloic ilc Dciiy; 21) using obsccnc
languagc bcloic ilc Dciiy; 22) bclcling oi passing aii bcloic ilc Dciiy; 23) ollciing
subsiandaid paiaplcinalia in ilc scivicc ol ilc Dciiy in spiic ol laving bciici; 2+)
caiing oi diinling unollcicd lood; 25) noi ollciing scasonal liuiis and vcgciablcs;
26) ollciing ilc Dciiy coniaminaicd lood, oi lood liisi caicn by somconc clsc; 27)
siiiing wiil onc's bacl io ilc Dciiy; 2S) aciing immodcsily bcloic ilc Dciiy, as by
siiiing diiccily in lioni ol ilc Dciiy; 29) icspcciing oi woisliping somconc clsc
bcloic ilc Dciiy; 30) noi gloiilying and ollciing obcisanccs io onc's spiiiiual
masici bcloic ilc Dciiy; 31) gloiilying oncscll bcloic ilc ilc Dciiy; 32) slandciing
ilc dcmigods bcloic ilc Dciiy.
More offenses Iisfed in ofher scripfures

Oilci sciipiuial souiccs lavc lisicd addiiional ollcnscs:
Ii is ollcnsivc io cai ilc lood ol maiciialisis; io ioucl ilc Dciiy ol Haii in
dailncss; io ioucl ilc Dciiy wiiloui piopci iiiuals; io opcn ilc aliai doois
wiiloui an accompanying pciloimancc ol music and song loi ilc plcasuic ol ilc
Loid; io ollci lood io ilc Loid ilai las bccn sccn by a dog; io spcal duiing Dciiy
woislip; io lcavc ilc aliai duiing Dciiy woislip; io ollci aiaii wiiloui puiiing a
llowci gailand on ilc Dciiics; io woislip Loid Kisna wiil unaiiiaciivc oi
nonliagiani llowcis; io ollci woislip io Loid Kisna wiiloui liisi clcansing ilc lacc
and mouil; io ollci woislip io ilc Dciiy alici scxual iclaiions; io ioucl a woman
duiing lci mcnsiiual pciiod; io ioucl liic duiing Dciiy woislip; io pass aii bcloic
ilc Dciiy; io ollci woislip wcaiing diiiy oi coniaminaicd cloilcs; io ollci woislip
wlilc angiy; io ollci woislip diiccily alici laving bccn ai a cicmaiion giounds, oi
laving iouclcd a dcad body oi sccn a dcad body's lacc; io ollci woislip wlilc
sullciing liom indigcsiion oi dyscniciy; io cai gailic and onions; io clcw bcicl and
iobacco; io ioucl ilc Dciiy alici laving lad a massagc wiil oil; io ollci llowcis
liom an unclcan poi; io woislip ai an inauspicious iimc; io woislip wlilc siiiing
on ilc baic llooi; io ioucl ilc Loid wiil ilc lcli land wlilc bailing ilc Dciiy; io
ollci old oi alicady ollcicd liuiis oi llowcis; io boasi duiing woisliping; io spii
labiiual (i)ly; io woislip ilc Dciiy alici laving applicd smudgcd oi loiizonial
(i.c. ilicclincd) iilala; io cnici icmplc wiiloui wasling ilc lcci; io ollci ilc Dciiy
lood coolcd by a non-Vaisnava; io do puja in lioni ol a non-Vaisnava; io noi
woislip Visvalscna (in placc ol Gancsa) bcloic ilc puja; io scc oi spcal io a Siva
oi Duiga woislippci; io bailc ilc Dciiy wiil waici iouclcd by ilc lingcinails; io
usc waici loi woislip inio wlicl swcai las lallcn; io malc oails bcloic ilc Dciiy;
io sicp ovci ilc Dciiy's piasada.

Sevaparadha is fo be avoided fhose serving fhe Deify; namaparadha is fo be
avoided by aII devofees
Onc wlo is cngagcd in Dciiy woislip musi caiclully avoid ilc scvapaiadlas,
and all Vaisnavas musi siiicily absiain liom ilc namapaiadlas and iclisl ilc iasic
ol puic dcvoiional scivicc io Loid Kisna. Tlc dcvoicc limscll is ilc bcsi judgc ol
wlicl ollcnscs in scva io bc vigilani aboui, accoiding io ilc scivicc lc is cngagcd
in. lui ilc icsponsibiliiy ol avoiding namapaiadla is applicablc io cvciy Vaisnava
ai all iimcs.
On fhe pafh of bhava-seva, or sponfaneous devofionaI service, namaparadha
musf be nonexisfenf
Lspccially, ilai dcvoicc wlo woislips ilc Loid in a sccludcd placc in ilc
ccsiacy ol scpaiaiion liom ilc Dciiy musi bc licc ol ilc icn ollcnscs againsi ilc
loly Namc. In blavascva, scivicc is pciloimcd in ilc mind; ilcic is noi cvcn
oppoiiuniiy loi scvaapaiadla. Only wlcn ilc dcvoicc on ilis pail is complcicly
licc ol namapaiadla can lc aiiain blava, sponiancous loving dcvoiional scivicc io
Kisna.
Consiani mcdiiaiion upon ilc loly namc ol ilc Loid is ilc sadlana piaciicc in
blava-scva, ilc ollcnsclcss siagc ol dcvoiional scivicc. ly ilc giacc ol ilc Loid,
cacl ol ilc ninc limbs ol sadlanablalii linally culminaics in ilc picma ol ilc
puic loly namc. Onc wlo las asccndcd io ilis siagc ol icalizaiion may ilcn lully
submcigc limscll in ilc ncciai ol claniing ilc loly namc, lcaving asidc oilci
sciviccs.
[Edifor's foofnofe:|
Loid Caiianya insiiucicd Siila Raglunaila das Goswami on ilc woislip ol Sii
GovaidlanSila ilusly (as iccoidcd in Caiianya Caiiiamiiia, Aniya 6.29+-30+):
'"Tlis sionc is ilc iiansccndcnial loim ol Loid Kisna. Woislip ilc sionc wiil
gicai cagcincss. Woislip ilis sionc in ilc modc ol goodncss lilc a pcilcci
bialmana, loi by sucl woislip you will suicly aiiain ccsiaiic lovc ol Kisna
wiiloui dclay. Ioi sucl woislip, onc nccds a jug ol waici and a lcw llowcis liom
a Tulasi iicc. Tlis is woislip in complcic goodncss wlcn pciloimcd in complcic
puiiiy. Wiil laiil and lovc, you slould ollci cigli soli Tulasi llowcis, cacl wiil
iwo Tulasi lcavcs, onc on cacl sidc ol cacl llowci."
'Alici ilus advising lim low io woislip, Loid Caiianya Malapiablu
pcisonally ollcicd Raglunaila das ilc Govaidlana-Sila wiil His iiansccndcnial
land. As adviscd by ilc Loid, Raglunaila das woislipcd ilc Sila in gicai
iiansccndcnial jubilaiion. Svaiupa Damodaia gavc Raglunaila das iwo cloils,
cacl aboui six inclcs long, a woodcn plailoim and a jug in wlicl io lccp waici.
'Tlus Raglunaila das bcgan woisliping ilc sionc liom Govaidlana, and as lc
woislipcd lc saw ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad, Kisna, ilc son ol Nanda
Malaiaja, diiccily in ilc sionc. Tlinling ol low lc lad icccivcd ilc Govaidlana-
Sila diiccily liom ilc lands ol Sii Caiianya Malapiablu, Raglunaila das was
always ovcilloodcd wiil ccsiaiic lovc. Tlc amouni ol iiansccndcnial bliss ilai
Raglunaila das cnjoycd simply by ollciing waici and Tulasi is impossiblc io
aclicvc cvcn il onc woislips ilc Dciiy wiil sixiccn linds ol paiaplcinalia.
'Alici Raglunaila das lad ilus woislipcd ilc Govaidlana-Sila loi somciimc,
Svaiupa Damodaia spolc io lim as lollows: "Ollci ilc Govaidlan sionc cigli
laudis woiil ol ilc liisi-class swccimcais lnown as llaja and sandcsl. Il you
ollci ilcm wiil laiil and lovc, ilcy will bc jusi lilc ncciai."' ¦Lnd ol cdiioi's
looinoic]

Ii is on ilc siicngil ol Siila Haiidas Tlaluia's insiiuc iions ilai a lowly pcison
wiiloui mcans can icciic ilc Haiinam Ciniamani.
CHAPTER FIFTEEN
THE BHA]ANA OF CONFIDENTIAL WORSHIP OF THE HOLY
NAME
(BHA]ANA PRANALI)

All gloiics io Sii Gadadlaia Pandiia and Loid Gauianga; all gloiics io Loid
Niiyananda,; all gloiics io Sii Advaiia Acaiya, ilc Loid ol Moilci Siia; all gloiics io
all ilc dcvoiccs ol Loid Caiianya. Onc wlo icjccis all oilci pioccsscs ol clcvaiion
and simply immciscs limscll in ilc claniing ol ilc loly namc is iiuly a
magnanimous soul and is gloiious in all icspccis.

Loid Caiianya said, "My dcai Haiidasa, simply on ilc siicngil ol youi
wondcilul dcvoiion, you aic convcisani wiil all lnowlcdgc. All ilc Vcdic
plilosoplical conclusions aboui ilc Absoluic Godlcad, ilc jiva, maya, ilc puic
namc ol ilc Loid, namablasa and namapaiadla aic icvcalcd in youi spcccl. Ii is
ilcicloic iiglily said ilai ilc Vcdas glcclully dancc upon youi ionguc." Tlc
Loid, lully saiislicd wiil His dcvoicc, now dcsiicd io lcai ilc picccpis ol
namaiasa, ilc iaic spiiiiual scicncc ol ilc swcci mcllows ol ilc loly namc, liom
ilc mouil ol Siila Haiidasa.
Loid Caiianya coniinucd, "Now plcasc insiiuci Mc aboui namaiasa. How can
a jiva bccomc cligiblc io icccivc ii'" Siila Haiidasa Tlalui ilcn piaycd ai ilc
Loid's loius lcci, submiiiing wiil inicnsc picma ilai wlaicvci lc would spcal on
ilis subjcci would bc inspiicd by ilc Loid Himscll.
The frue Rasa

In ilc Vcdas ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad is callcd Rasa. Tlis iasa oi
ilc ncciai ol iiansccndcnial lovc pcimcaics ilc spiiiiual Kingdom ol God. Woildy
pocis dabblc in a iasa ilai is ioially mundanc. Iaciually, ilciis is noi iasa bui a
pcivcision ol ii.
Tlc iasa ilai is iiansccndcnial and cvci siiuaicd in puic goodncss, bcyond ilc
juiisdiciion ol ilc iwcniyloui clcmcnis ol maiciial naiuic, is in iiuil ilc ical iasa.
Ii is unlnown cvcn io ilc aimaiamas, ilc scll-saiislicd mysiics wlo lavc
suipasscd maiciial naiuic bui aic yci unablc io pciccivc iiansccndcnial
vaiicgaicdncss. Rasa is cicinal, lull ol cognizancc and cvci-blisslul, cvcislclicicd
ai Loid Kisna's loius lcci.
Tlc Supicmc Absoluic Tiuil cxisis as saliiman oi ilc Lncigciic and salii oi
ilc Lncigy. Qualiiaiivcly, saliiman and salii aic ilc samc, ilougl dillcicnccs
bciwccn ilc iwo aic io bc appicciaicd. Saliiman is always ilc Supicmc
Coniiollci, willlul and indcpcndcni; salii always displays His lull and supicmc
poicncy. His salii oi poicncy manilcsis in ilicc ways: ilc cii poicncy oi ilc
spiiiiual naiuic, ilc jiva, and maya oi ilc maiciial naiuic.

Tlc cii poicncy icvcals ilc Supicmc Tiuil, His namc, abodc, pasiimcs and
bcauiy. Loid Kisna is ilai Supicmc Tiuil. His cxquisiic dail complcxion, syama,
is His bcauiy. Golola is His abodc and ilc placc ol His pasiimcs. His namc,
abodc, loim, qualiiics and pasiimcs aic cvcicxisicni lcaiuics ol ilc nondual
spiiiiual subsiancc, and ilc display ol ilcsc iiansccndcnial vaiiciics is ilc lunciion
ol His cii poicncy.
Loid Kisna is ilc oiiginal loim ol all iiansccndcnial qualiiics. His cicinal
divinc naiuic is His spiiiiual poicncy. Tlcic is no inlcicni dillcicncc bciwccn ilc
loim ol Kisna and His divinc naiuic. Yci spiiiiual vaiiciy (iasa) cicaics an
impicssion ol dillcicncc, wlicl is cxlibiicd in ilc spiiiiual woild.

Mayasakfi is fhe exfernaI pofency

Tlc icllcciion ol ilc spiiiiual poicncy is callcd mayasalii oi maiciial naiuic.
Slc is also lnown as ilc cxicinal poicncy. Slc las pioduccd ilis maiciial woild
oi Dcvidlama as oidcicd by Loid Kisna.

There are fwo fypes of jivasakfi

Tlc maiginal icgion (iaiasila) ol ilc spiiiiual poicncy manilcsis ilc jiva-salii.
Tlc jiva is cicinal and inconccivably onc wiil and yci simuliancously dillcicni
liom ilc Supicmc Loid. Hc is Loid Kisna's spiiiiual cncigy and is ilcicloic mcani
io bc paii ol ilc iiansccndcnial paiaplcinalia ol ilc Loid's scivicc.
Tlcic aic iwo caicgoiics ol jivas: niiybaddla and niiyamulia, oi cicinally
condiiioncd and cicinally libciaicd souls. Tlc cicinally libciaicd jiva is cniiilcd io
icndci cicinal dcvoiional scivicc. Tlc cicinally condiiioncd jiva is cngiosscd in
maiciial aciiviiics. Hc can also bc said io bc ol iwo iypcs: cxiiovciicd and
iniiospcciivc.
Tlc iniiospcciivc niiyabaddla jivas aic scaicling loi ilc Absoluic Tiuil. Tlc
cxiiovciicd jivas aic ioially absoibcd in ilc cxicinal lcaiuics ol gioss maiici and
ilus aic lai icmovcd liom Kisna. Tlcy simply wani io cxploii ilings mcani loi
Loid Kisna's scivicc loi ilcii own cnjoymcni. Tlc moic loiiunaic and pious jivas
amongsi ilc iniiospcciivc oncs comc inio coniaci wiil dcvoiccs and in ilcii
associaiion ialc io ilc claniing ilc Loid's loly namc, wlicl iianspoiis ilcm
iliougl ilc poiials ol ilc spiiiiual woild. Tlc lcss loiiunaic iniiospcciivc jivas
aic aiiiacicd io ilc pails ol laima and jnana by wlicl ilcy woislip vaiious
dcmigods oi linally mcigc inio ilc impcisonal lialman.

The fIowering of rasa

Tlc loly namc ol Loid Kisna is ilc bud ol ilc llowci ol iasa, wlicl is ilc
csscncc ol puic iiansccndcncc. ly ilc giacc ol Kisna, iasa is piopagaicd in ilc
maiciial woild in ilc loim ol His loly namc.
Wiil ilc liisi opcning ol ilc bud ol ilc loly namc comcs ilc icalizaiion ol ilc
cnclaniing Syamasundci loim ol Kisna in Golola Viindavan. Tlc Loid's sixiy-
loui iiansccndcnial qualiiics aic lilc ilc iiicsisiiblc liagiancc liom ilc paiiially
blossomcd llowci.
Wlcn ilis llowci comcs inio lull bloom, ii manilcsis ilc cicinal and
conlidcniial pasiimcs ol Loid Kisna lnown as ilc asia-laliya-lila, oi ilc ciglilold
loving allaiis ol Sii Sii RadlaKisna. And alilougl ilis manilcsiaiion is
iiansccndcnial, ii siill appcais in ilc maiciial woild.
The bhakfisakfi
Laicni wiilin ilc jiva aic ilc minisculc spiiiiual poicncics ol allada (bliss) and
samvii (lnowlcdgc). Wiil ilc llowciing ol iasa, ilc svaiupasalii (ilc inicinal
poicncy ol ilc Loid Himscll) dcsccnds io coniaci and icvivc ilcsc iiny spiiiiual
poicncics ol ilc jiva; all ilis is cllccicd by ilc causclcss mcicy ol ilc loly namc.
Tlc svaiupasalii dcsccnds as llalii-dcvi, wlo cmbodics ilc lull mixiuic ol ilc
lladini and samvii poicncics. Tlis mixiuic is callcd ilc blaliisvaiupamsalii, ilc
poicncy ol ilc loim ol puic dcvoiion. Wlcn lis laicni bliss and lnowlcdgc aic
inluscd wiil ilis blaliisvaiupamsalii, ilc sponiancous loving aiiiiudc icquiicd
loi cniciing ilc asia-laliyalila appcais in ilc lcaii ol ilc clanici ol ilc loly namc.

The churning of rasa

Tlus onc icaclcs a siaic ol pcilcciion lnown as silayiblava, oi pcimancni
cmoiion, wlicl is also lnown as iaii. Ioui blavas combinc io iiansloim iaii io
iasa. Tlc loui blavas aic: viblava, anublava, saiivila, and vyablicaii (oi
sancaii).
Viblava, ilc clcmcni ilai cxciics loving scniimcni, las iwo subdivisions:
alambana and uddipana. Alambana oi ilc iooi is again ol iwo paiis: ilc visaya
(subjcci) and ilc asiaya (iccipicni). Tlc dcvoicc ol Loid Kisna is ilc asiaya, and
Loid Kisna Himscll is ilc visaya. Loid Kisna's iiansccndcnial bcauiy and qualiiics
aic lnown as uddipana oi ilc impcius. Tlus wlcic ilcic is alambana (ilc iooi
iclaiionslip ol ilc dcvoicc and Kisna) and uddipana (ilc impcius ol ilc
icalizaiion ol Kisna's loim and qualiiics), lila and iasa can occui.
Anublava (ilc cxicinal sympioms ol ilc inicinal pcimancni cmoiion) is wlai
icsulis liom viblava, oi ilc cllcci ol alambana and uddipana. Wlcn ilcsc
cmoiions bccomc moic inicnsc, ilcy aic iiansloimcd inio saiivilablava (loving
cmoiions ilai cannoi bc clcclcd). Ai ilis samc iimc sancaiiblava (cmoiions ilai
sci inio moiion ilc piogicss ol iasa) comc inio play.
Rasa is lilc a maclinc. Raii, oi pcimancni cmoiion, is ilc axlc ol ilis
maclinc. Oncc ilc maclinc siaiis moving by ilc combincd cncigy ol ilc loui
blavas, ilc pcimancni cmoiion (silayi-blava) is ilcn convciicd inio iasa. Tlc
dcvoicc, wlo is ilc asiaya (lilc a slclici oi coniainci), bccomcs ilc iclislci ol ilai
iasa. And ilai iasa is ilc Viaja-iasa oi ilc spiiiiual mcllow ol Viindavan. Tlai
iasa is ilc csscncc ol cvciyiling, and is loi ilc jiva ilc liglcsi goal. Tlc Vcdas
cxpound loui goals - dlaima, aiila, lama, molsla; bui in laci ilc pinnaclc ol all
ilcsc pcilcciions is iasa. Tlc lully icalizcd and pcilccicd bcings aic cniiilcd io
iasic ilai iasa.
EIevafion via fhe Hare Krsna mahamanfra
Amongsi ilc iniiospcciivc jivas, lc wlo is aiiiacicd io puic dcvoiional scivicc
is ilc mosi cvolvcd. Tlc jiva can ialc up ilc pail ol blalii only alici lc las
acciucd sullicicni suliiii oi piciy liom picvious biiils. Wlcn sucl a jiva dcvclops
siiong laiil oi siaddla, lc comcs inio coniaci wiil a puic dcvoicc spiiiiual
masici. ly ilc giacc ol ilc spiiiiual masici, lc is iniiiaicd inio ilc claniing ol ilc
Haic Kisna malamaniia -ilc loly namcs ol ilc Divinc Couplc.
Tlougl ilis jiva is blcsscd wiil siaddla, lis dcsiic loi maiciial gain poscs an
obsiaclc on lis pail ol piogicss. Tlc spiiiiual masici giaccs ilc jiva wiil a
disciplinaiy pioccss suiiablc loi ovcicoming ilis obsiaclc. Tlus lc gains spiiiiual
siicngil liom claniing. Claniing on Tulasi bcads and mcdiiaiing on a lixcd
numbci ol loly namcs cvciy day is ilc bcsi loim ol woislip, and will suicly lcad
io succcss. Tlcicloic, in ilc bcginning, a liiilc iimc slould daily bc spcni in
scclusion loi lull conccniiaiion upon ilc loly namc. In dcgiccs, as claniing
incicascs, a moic piolound iclaiionslip wiil ilc loly namc is dcvclopcd, and ilc
maiciial impcdimcnis lall away.
Tlc pail ol blalii lcaiuics iwo impoiiani cngagcmcnis, onc ol wlicl is Dciiy
woislip, ilc oilci claniing and mcdiiaiing upon ilc loly namc. Alilougl boil
cngagcmcnis aic cxpcdicni, claniing and mcdiiaiing on ilc loly namc is piclciicd
by ilc moic dccply sciious dcvoiccs.
Many clcvaicd puic dcvoiccs ai iimcs clani aloud ilc loly namcs on ilcii
bcads, and ilcn ai oilci iimcs mcdiiaic upon Kisna's pasiimcs on ilc bcads. Tlc
advaniagc ol pciloiming liiian, oi audibly claniing ilc mala-maniia on ilc
bcads, is ilai ilicc linds ol dcvoiional scivicc lcaiing, claniing and
icmcmbciing aic accomplislcd simuliancously. Ol couisc, all ilc ninc limbs ol
dcvoiional scivicc icsidc in ilc loly namc; ol ilcm, lcaiing, claniing and
icmcmbciing aic ilc bcsi. Claniing auiomaiically manilcsis ilc oilci limbs ol
dcvoiional scivicc, lilc pada-scvanam, dasyam, sallyam, aima- nivcdanam, and so
on. Tlus ilc pioccss ol Dciiy woislip is auiomaiically accomplislcd by ilc
dcvoicc suiicndcicd io ilc loly namc. lui ilc dcvoicc aiiiacicd io Dciiy woislip
will lavc io acquiic aiiiaciion loi lcaiing and claniing in oidci io aiiain complcic
pcilcciion in Kisna consciousncss.
Who is eIigibIe fo chanf fhe hoIy name:
Tlicc linds ol jivas aic capiivaicd by cxicinal maiciial plcnomcna: ilc gioss
maiciialisis, ilc laimis and ilc jnanis. Tlcy aic ilcicloic cxiiovciis all, clasing
alici lalsc lopcs loi lappincss in ilc icalm ol llcciing appcaianccs. Tlc gioss
maiciialisi cndcavois loi scnsual dcliglis. Tlc laimi aspiics loi cplcmcial
lcavcnly bliss in ilc lcicalici. Tlc jnani is wlolly conccincd wiil low io miiigaic
lis cxisicniial sullciing. Alici suipassing ilcsc siagcs, ilc jiva bccomcs iiuly
iniiospcciivc, sccling cniiancc inio ilc icalm ol ilc inicinal spiiiiual cncigy. Tlc
iniiospcciivc jivas aic dividcd inio ilicc caicgoiics: lanisila, madlyama, and
uiiama (ncoplyic, inicimcdiaic, and advanccd).
Tlc ncoplyic dcvoicc icjccis dcmigod woislip and woislips only Kisna, bui
wiil cciiain maiciial moiivaiions duc io lacl ol sambandlajnana. Simplc and
naivc, lc is noi ollcnsivc; lc is jusi scllpicoccupicd. Tlcicloic, alilougl sucl
ncoplyics aic noi considcicd io bc puic Vaisnavas, ilcy aic cciiainly io bc
acccpicd as Vaisnava-piaya oi icscmbling Vaisnavas.
Tlc inicimcdiaic oi madlyama dcvoicc is puic and is vciy liimly siiuaicd in
laiil. Tlc uiiama oi advanccd dcvoicc is complcicly indillcicni io maiciial ilings
and is lully suiicndcicd io Kisna. Tlc puic namc avails Himscll io ilosc wlo
lavc cxclusivc laiil in Kisna. Sicpbysicp advanccmcni in lcaiing, claniing, and
icmcmbciing
Tlc oidci ol disciplinc (sadlanaliama) loi icalizing ilc idcniiiy ol ilc loly
namc wiil ilc Loid is as lollows. Tlc dcvoicc musi in ilc bcginning discaid ilc
icn ollcnscs and simply absoib limscll in ilc loly namc by claniing consianily.
Hc slould disiincily pionouncc ilc loly namc and mcdiiaic upon ilc
iiansccndcnial sound vibiaiion. Wlcn lis claniing is sicady, clcai and blisslul, lc
will bc ablc io mcdiiaic upon ilc Syamasundaia loim ol ilc Loid. Wiil claniing
bcads in land, lc slould ilus sccl oui ilc iiansccndcnial loim ol ilc loly namc,
wlicl will appcai wlcn lis vision is puic.
Anoilci mcilod lc may cmploy io scc ilis loim is io sii in lioni ol ilc Dciiics,
diinl ilc bcauiilul sigli ol ilc Loid wiil lis cycs and mcdiiaic upon ilc loly
namc. Alici icacling ilc siagc wlcic ilc loly namc and ilc loim ol ilc Loid
bccomc onc, lc musi ilcn absoib ilc iiansccndcnial qualiiics ol Loid Kisna inio
lis mcdiiaiion. Tlus ilc loly namc and ilc qualiiics ol Kisna mcigc io bccomc
onc iliougl consiani claniing.
Ncxi, lc gocs on io piaciicc ilc icmcmbiancc ol paiiiculai pasiimcs ol ilc
Loid. Tlis icmcmbiancc, callcd maniiadlyana mayi upasana, laciliiaics luiilci
absoibiion inio ilc loly namc. Tlis lila-smaiana oi pasiimc mcdiiaiion also
giadually bccomc onc wiil ilc loly namc, loim, and qualiiics.
Ai ilis poini, ilc liisi iays ol namaiasa, oi ilc iiansccndcnial mcllow ol ilc
loly namc, dawn on ilc loiizon ol pciccpiion. Claniing ilc namc in gicai
dcligli, ilc dcvoicc sccs Kisna suiioundcd by cowlcid boys and giils undci a
dcsiic iicc ai ilc Yoga Piila. Piogicssivcly, ilc dcvoicc's piaciicc ol lila-smaiana
inicnsilics io ilc poini wlcic lc bcgins io mcdiiaic on ilc mosi conlidcniial
pasiimcs ol ilc Loid lnown as ilc asia-laliya- lila, oi ilc ciglilold pasiimcs ol
RadlaKisna. Wlcn lc icaclcs maiuiiiy in ilis mcdiiaiion, iasa iiscs in lull gloiy.

The svarasiki process of worship

Asia-laliya-lila smaiana is also lnown as svaiasili woislip. In ilis siagc ol
blajana, onc is awaidcd ilc oppoiiuniiy io accoidingly scivc Kisna in ilc iimcs
and placcs ol lis pasiimcs. Now ilc dcvoicc icalizcs ilc lull giacc ol lis spiiiiual
masici, wlo, in lis cicinal spiiiiual loim (siddla-svaiupa), guidcs ilc disciplc io a
salli (conlidcniial gopi) wlo in iuin iniioduccs lim inio ilc pasiimcs ol ilc
Loid. Ol all ilc gopis, Siimaii Radlaiani, ilc dauglici ol King Viisablanu, is ilc
mosi cxccllcni. Slc cmbodys ilc liglcsi spiiiiual scniimcni, malablava. Sciving
Kisna undci Hci lcadcislip is ilc supicmc spiiiiual cxpciicncc.
Tlc livc main iasas oi spiiiiual mcllows aic: sania (ncuiialiiy), dasya
(sciviioislip), sallya (liicndslip), vaisalya (paicnilood), and siingaia oi
madluiya (conjugal). Ol ilcsc, siingaia oi conjugal is ilc liglcsi. Dcvoiccs
cligiblc io cnici ilc conjugal iasa aic ilc iccipicnis ol ilc spccial mcicy ol Sii
Kisna Caiianya.
In ilc conjugal iasa, Loid Kisna las many yuilcswaiis oi lcmalc gioup
lcadcis; bui cvciyonc piclcis Siimaii Radlaiani. Slc is ilc diicci manilcsiaiion ol
Loid Kisna's svaiupa-salii oi spiiiiual poicncy, and all ilc oilci viaja-gopis aic
Hci cxpansions. Slc is ilc Absoluic cmbodimcni ol all ilc iasas. Ii is ilcicloic
ilc goal ol dcvoiional scivicc io cnioll in Hci yuila oi gioup. Scivicc io Loid
Kisna in Viaja is impossiblc wiiloui liisi ialing slclici ol ilc viajagopis. Onc
slould luiilcimoic aspiic io cnici Siimaii Radlaiani's camp and scivc diiccily
undci Laliiadcvi.
When fhe maferiaI coverings are removed, fhe spirifuaI goaI is acheived
As ilc dcvoicc bccomcs disciplincd in iasa, ilc gap bciwccn sadlana
(piaciicc) and blajanasiddli (pcilcciion ol woislip) closcs. Soon, ilc sciviioi's
spiiiiual loim bcgins io ialc slapc. ly ilc mcicy ol ilc yuilcswaii, lc bccomcs
casily ovcipowcicd by aiiiaciion io Loid Kisna. Tlis siiong spiiiiual aiiiaciion
ciadicaics ilc gioss and subilc maiciial conccpis ol loim ilai capiuicd lim wlcn
lc iuincd away liom Kisna. Tlus ilc jiva gains cniiancc inio Viaja in lis oiiginal
spiiiiual loim.
Up io ilis poini, ilc jiva's piogicss in spiiiiual lilc can bc liamcd in woids.
lcyond ii, ilcic aic cvcn liglci siagcs ol Kisna consciousncss ilai aic
indcsciibablc. Tlcsc will bc icvcalcd by ilc giacc ol Kisna. Tlc culiivaiion ol ilc
conjugal loving iclaiionslip wiil ilc Loid is ilc liglcsi modc ol scivicc; by ilis,
cvciincicasing Kisnapicma will bc cxpciicnccd. ly adopiing ilc blaumaviajaiasa,
oi ilc viajaiasa icvcalcd on ilis maiciial planc in Viindavandlama, onc bccomcs
cligiblc io cnici sucl conjugal lovc.
Sii Ramananda Raya said, 'Tlcicloic onc slould acccpi ilc mood ol ilc gopis
in ilcii scivicc. In sucl a iiansccndcnial mood, onc slould always ilinl ol ilc
pasiimcs ol Sii Radla and Kisna. Alici ilinling ol Sii Sii RadlaKisna and Tlcii
pasiimcs loi a long iimc and alici gciiing complcicly licc liom maiciial
coniaminaiion, onc is iianslciicd io ilc spiiiiual woild. Tlcic ilc dcvoiccs aiiain
an oppoiiuniiy io scivc Sii Radla and Kisna as onc ol ilc gopis. Unlcss onc
lollows in ilc looisicps ol ilc gopis lc can noi aiiain ilc scivicc ol ilc loius lcci ol
Kisna, ilc son ol Nanda Malaiaja. Il onc is ovcicomc by lnowlcdgc ol ilc Loid's
opulcncc, lc can noi aiiain ilc Loid's loius lcci cvcn ilougl lc is cngagcd in
dcvoiional scivicc." (Sii Caiianya-caiiiamiiia, Madlya S.22S230)
Becoming a Gopi Means:
Tlc dcvoicc wlo is inclincd io culiivaic ilc conjugal iasa musi acccpi ilc loim
ol a gopi undci ilc guidancc ol a supciioi viajagopi. Onc can bccomc a gopi wlcn
clcvcn iiansccndcnial scniimcnis adoin ilc lcaii. Tlcy aic: 1) sambandla
(iclaiionslip), 2) vayasa (agc), 3) nama (namc), +) iupa (loim), 5) yuila-piavcsa
(cniiancc inio a gioup), 6) vcsa (aiiiic), 7) ajna (insiiuciions), S) vasasilana
(placc ol icsidcncc), 9) scva (scivicc), 10) paialasila (cxccllcncc), 11)
palyadasi-blava (ilc mood ol a lcpi maidscivani).

Five sfages of consciousness ascended in bhavasadhana

Tlc culiivaiion ol ilcsc clcvcn gopi scniimcnis dcvclops iliougl livc siagcs.
Tlcy aic: 1) siavana-dasa (ilc siagc ol lcaiing), 2) vaiana-dasa (ilc siagc ol
acccpiancc), 3) smaiana- dasa (ilc siagc ol icmcmbciing), +) apana-dasa (siagc ol
applicaiion), and 5) sampaii-dasa (siagc ol inlciiiancc).
Siila Ramananda Raya says, 'Onc wlo is aiiiacicd by ilc ccsiaiic lovc ol ilc
gopis docs noi caic aboui ilc icgulaiivc piinciplcs ol Vcdic lilc oi populai
opinion. Railci, lc complcicly suiicndcis unio Kisna and icndcis scivicc unio
Him.' 'In ilis libciaicd siagc ilc dcvoicc is aiiiacicd by onc ol ilc livc lumois
(iasas) in ilc iiansccndcnial loving scivicc ol ilc Loid. As lc coniinucs io scivc
ilc Loid in ilai mood, lc aiiains a spiiiiual body io scivc Kisna in Golola
Viindavan.' (Sii Caiianyacaiiiamiiia, Madlya S.220, S.222) So saying, Siila
Ramananda Raya insiiucis us io liisi aiiain ilc loim and mood ol a viaja- gopi in
oidci io obiain scivicc in ilc conjugal iclaiionslip.
Wlcn a sadlala dcvoicc, laving lcaid aboui Loid Kisna's pasiimcs, is
aiiiacicd io ilc conjugal mcllow, lc slould ialc luiilci insiiuciion on iasa liom a
icalizcd, sainily spiiiiual masici. Tlis is callcd ilc siagc ol lcaiing oi siavana-
dasa. Wlcn ilc sadlala dcvoicc anxiously and cagcily acccpis ilc conjugal
mcllow, vaiana-dasa commcnccs. Tlcn, by puic icmcmbiancc ol ilc scniimcnis
ol iasa, lc dcsiics io piaciicc ilcm: ilus lc icaclcs ilc iliid siagc, smaiana-dasa.
Wlcn lc is ablc io pcilccily involc ilcsc scniimcnis ol iasa, lc aiiains apana-
dasa oi piapii-dasa. Iinally, wlcn lc can scpaiaic limscll liom all lis icmpoiaiy
maiciial dcsignaiions and is sicadily lixcd in ilai oiiginal spiiiiual idcniiiy loi
wlicl lc ycains, lc las icaclcd sampaii-dasa: ilc inlciiiancc ol lis spiiiiual
idcniiiy.
Bhajan from fhe sfage of sravanadasa fo smaranadasa
Il, alici laving icsicd ilc disciplc, ilc spiiiiual masici dcicimincs ilai lc is
cligiblc io pciloim blajan and scivc in ilc siingaia iasa, lc ilcn conlidcniially
inloims ilc disciplc aboui lis cicinal spiiiiual loim as a manjaii in Siimaii
Radlaiani's camp, undci ilc supcivision ol Sii Laliiadcvi. Tlc spiiiiual masici
icaclcs ilc disciplc low io dcvclop ilc clcvcn scniimcnis ol ilc gopis, low io
mcdiiaic on ilc asia-laliya-lila, and low io piopcily bc csiablislcd in boil.
So ilai lc may lully undcisiand ilcm, ilc sadlala is slown lis siddladcla oi
spiiiiual idcniiiy, viz. lis spiiiiual namc, loim, qualiiics, scivicc and so on. Tlc
spiiiiual masici also discloscs wlo ilc paicnis ol ilc sadlala's manjaiiidcniiiy aic,
ai wlicl lousc slc was boin, wlo lci lusband is, and so on. Ai ilis poini, ilc
disciplc musi spuin all Vcdic icligious puisuiis and simply bc a lully suiicndcicd
maidscivani ol Siimaii Radlaiani, ilc camp lcadci; ilcicalici, ilc guiu will icvcal
in dciail ilc disciplc's cicinal scivicc io Siimaii Radlaiani in ilc asia-laliya-lila.
Tlc sadlila (now a lcmalc sadlali) cmbiaccs ilcsc icvclaiions in vaianadasa. Hc
cnicis inio smaianadasa wlcn lc aciually icmcmbcis ilcm loi limscll. In ilis
way, ilc sadlala picpaics limscll loi spiiiiual biiil as a gopi in Viaja.
A digression on fhe subjecf of ruci
lui in ilc bcginning ilc spiiiiual masici and disciplc musi iogcilci soii oui ilc
disciplc's naiuial inclinaiion (iuci) loi iasa. Il ilc disciplc linds lis naiuial iasic
coincidcs wiil ilc idcniiiy indicaicd by ilc spiiiiual masici, lc slould so inloim
lis guiu and cmbiacc ilai idcniiiy as lis lilc and soul. lui il ilc disciplc docs noi
lavc a naiuial iasic loi ilc sclccicd idcniiiy, lc musi lianlly icvcal ilis io lis
spiiiiual masici, wlo will givc lim anoilci idcniiiy. Il ilc disciplc las a iasic loi
ilc ncw idcniiiy, lc slould acccpi ii. His inlcicni naiuic will ilcn manilcsi iiscll.
Ruci oi iasic is ilc naiuial dcvoiional piopcnsiiy boin oui ol blaliisuliiii, oi
picvious dcvoiional scivicc. Ii may ilcicloic bc long sianding oi only icccnily
dcvclopcd. lui in ciilci casc iuci is naiuial io ilc soul. Wlcn ilis inclinaiion is
dcicimincd by ilc spiiiiual masici, ii musi bc conliimcd by ilc disciplc. Il ilc
inclinaiion is noi lixcd, ilc spiiiiual masici's insiiuciions on iasa will noi ialc
cllcci.
Tlosc wlo aic noi aiiiacicd io ilc siingaiaiasa, piclciiing dasya, sallya oi
vaisalya, musi lilcwisc icccivc insiiuciions liom ilc spiiiiual masici on ilcsc
iclaiionslips in oidci io gci ilc liuii ol ilcii dcvoiion, oi clsc iciuin io a lilc ol
anaiilas.

Tlc gicai dcvoicc Syamananda ai liisi was noi awaic ol lis own siddlaiuci oi
pcimancni dcvoiional piopcnsiiy; lc was madc io cmbiacc ilc sallyaiasa oi ilc
mood ol liicndslip. Laici, by ilc giacc ol Siila Jiva Goswami, lc aiiaincd lis ical
posiiion.
Il an inappiopiiaic iuci is lalscly aiiaclcd io ilc sadlala, ii is compaicd io ilc
gopi idcniiiy's acccpiancc ol a lusband. lui by ilc giacc ol lis spiiiiual masici,
ilc sadlala ai lasi aiiains Kisna's scivicc in ilc paialiya iasa oi paiamoui
iclaiionslip. Rasa comcs io a lull bloom only in ilc paialiya mood. Tlc summii
ol Loid Caiianya's icaclings is ilai ilc paialiya aiiiiudc is ilc pcimancni lcaiuic
ol ilc pasiimcs ol ilc Loid, boil in ilcii appcaiancc ¦wlcn Kisna dcsccnds io
Viajablumi] and ilcii disappcaiancc ¦inio ilc invisiblc Viaja ol ilc
iiansccndcnial woild].
The conjugaI rasa is compIefeIy franscendenfaI
Siingaiaiasa is ioially dcvoid ol cvcn an ioia ol maiciialism. Tlc
iiansccndcnial jiva, in oidci io cnjoy and cxclangc puic iasa, bccomcs a
iiansccndcnial gopi and icndcis dcvoiional scivicc io ilc iiansccndcnial
pcisonaliiics ol Sii Radla and Sii Kisna in ilc iiansccndcnial icalm ol Viindavana.
Tlcic is noi ilc sliglicsi iingc ol ilc mundanc man-woman iclaiionslip in
Vindavana. Only ilc puicsi csscncc ol conjugal lovc is manilcsicd in ilc pcilccicd
idcniiiy ol ilc soul. And icalizaiion ol ilis is availablc only liom a puic dcvoicc
spiiiiual masici. Oilci ilan by lis giacc, ilis inconccivablc iiuil can ncvci bc
undcisiood. Ii is bcyond ilc icalm ol spcculaiion and pcdaniic sciuiiny. Iis
icalizaiion is cxiicmcly iaic.
The fransifion from smaranadasa fo apanadasa is cruciaI
Pcilcciion cludcs ilc disciplc il lc docs noi clcvaic limscll liom ilc siagc ol
smaiana-dasa io apana-dasa. Tlc conlidcniial pioccss ol apanadasa is mosi
cxalicd, dcvoid ol ilc lalsc posiuiing ol laima, jnana oi yoga. Lxicinally, ilc
dcvoicc cngagcs limscll lully in ilc claniing ilc loly namc, lcading a icnounccd
and simplc lilc. Inicinally, lc lccps ilc splcndoious
Ldiioi's noic: iclci io C.c. Adi +.50, puipoii, loi luiilci claboiaiion on ilis iopic.
llamcs ol iasa buining wiil puic inicnsiiy all ilc iimc.
Tlosc sadlalas wlo aic pionc io a pompous cxicinal display ol dcvoiion oi
wlo lail io sicady and piopcily diicci ilcii inicinal spiiiiual aspiiaiions aic unablc
io clcvaic ilcmsclvcs liom ilc plailoim ol smaiana io apana-dasa. Tlus ilc
sadlala may lingci, unaccomplislcd, iliougl many lilciimcs ol dcvoiional
piaciicc.
Tlis pail ol woislip oi blajana is ilc simplcsi, bui il ilc puiiiy ol ilc blajana
is in any way disliguicd by a iingc ol ilc coniaminaicd dcsiics loi iccogniiion,
disiinciion oi piclcicncc, ilcn ilc sadlala is iliown oll ilc pail ol viaja-sadlana
oi blajana in ilc mood ol Viaja. Onc musi appioacl ilc spiiiiual masici wiil
simplc lumiliiy and lcain ilis puic pioccss piopcily.
ly always icmcmbciing ilai lc is puic spiiii soul, paii and paiccl ol ilc
Absoluic Wlolc, ilai lc las a iiansccndcnial oiiginal loim ilai is allpcilcci, ilai
Hc las loigoiicn lis pcilcci spiiiiual siaic and comc undci ilc cluiclcs ol maya,
ilai lc is ollcnsivc io Loid Kisna, bcing incbiiaicd wiil ilc lalsc dcsignaiions ol
lis gioss body, bui by ilc mcicy ol lis spiiiiual masici lc can icgain lnowlcdgc ol
lis ical scll ilc mcilod loi ilc icawalcning ol ilc disciplc's oiiginal idcniiiy can
bc quiclly accomplislcd.
Two mefhods of sadhana: vaidhi and raganuga
Tlcic aic iwo mcilods ol sadlanablalii: onc is vaidli (iulcs and icgulaiions)
and ilc oilci is iaganuga (sponiancous). In ilc bcginning, ilcsc iwo mcilods
appcai io bc coniiadicioiy, bui upon compiclcnsion ol ilcii ical puiposc, ilc
dillcicnccs bciwccn ilcm aic dissolvcd. Tlc vaidli mcilod ol sadlana aiiscs liom
icspcci loi ilc icgulaiions ol sciipiuic. Raganugasadlana is boin oui ol an inicnsc
aiiiaciion loi ilc aciiviiics ol ilc icsidcnis ol Viaja. Tlc liisi is ilc usual mcilod,
wlcicas ilc sccond is cxiicmcly iaic and conlidcniial.
To fhe sfage of apanadasa via vaidhi sadhana
Tlc vaidliblalia cioss clccls all lis aciiviiics ol scivicc io Kisna wiil
sciipiuial injunciion. Tlus lis bcginning laiil (siaddla) loi ilc pioccss ol
dcvoiional scivicc lcads lim sicp by sicp io nisila (liim laiil), ilcn io iuci (iasic
oi aiiiaciion), ilcn asalii (aiiaclmcni). Wlcn lc icaclcs ilc liisi siagc ol
sponianciiy and sligli blava, lc discaids lis dcpcndcncc upon sciipiuial
diicciivcs as an impcdimcni io lis piogicss. Alici ilis, lc is clcvaicd io ilc siagc
ol apana-dasa, wlcic ilc dillcicncc bciwccn dcvoiccs lollowing vaidli and
iaganuga disappcai.
To ilc siagc ol sampaiidasa via iaganugasadlana ¦coniinucd liom ilc scciion
subiiilcd "llajana liom ilc siagc ol siavanadasa io smaianadasa"]
In ilc smaianadasa siagc ol iaganugasadlana, ilc clcvcn scniimcnis ol ilc
gopis aic liisi icmcmbcicd by ilc sadlala; ilcsc scniimcnis musi adoin lis
cmoiions bcloic lc can icmcmbci ilc asialaliyalila. Tlcic aic livc lcvcls ol
icmcmbiancc in smaianadasa.
Iniiially, lis icmcmbiancc will noi bc sicady; ilis lcvcl is callcd smaiana.
Somciimcs lc icmcmbcis ilc scniimcnis, lis posiiion and lis scivicc, and ai oilci
iimcs lc loigcis. lui by sicady piaciicc ol smaiana, giadually lc icaclcs
pcimancncy ol icmcmbiancc, oi dlaiana. As onc mcdiiaics on cvciy aspcci ol ilc
subjcci ol icmcmbiancc, paii by paii, minuicly, dlaiana dcvclops inio lixcd
mcdiiaiion - ilis is dlyana. Wlcn dlyana bccomcs coniinual, is is callcd
anusmiiii. Iollowing anusmiiii is ilc lilil lcvcl ol icmcmbiancc, samadli, wlcn
ilc dcvoicc las no inicicsi in anyiling oilci ilan pcilcci absoipiion in ilc
pasiimcs ol Loid Kisna.
Iiom ilc samadli lcvcl ol smaiana-dasa, ilc ciucial asccnsion io apana-dasa oi
ilc siagc ol applicaiion ialcs placc. Ioi onc wlo is noi adcpi, clcvaiion iliougl
ilc livc siagcs ol smaiana-dasa io apana-dasa may icquiic many yugas ol clloii; loi
a dcxicious sadlala, icacling apana-dasa is accomplislcd quiclly. In ilc apana-
dasa siagc, idcniilicaiion wiil ilc psycloplysical body is icduccd io
insignilicancc. His spiiiiual idcniiiy (svaiupa) bccomcs moic and moic
picdominani. Inicimiiicnily, ii manilcsis and lc cxpciicnccs sublimc ccsiasy in
icndciing dcvoiional scivicc io Sii Sii RadlaKisna in Viaja. Tlcsc cxpciicnccs
dcvclop uniil lc spcnds long pciiods ol iimc in Viaja iniciaciing wiil ilc icsidcnis
in lis viaja-svaiupa, sccing ilc dlama and ilc iiansccndcnial pasiimcs wiilin.
Tlc dcvoicc's consiani namablajana incviiably biings aboui a lacc io lacc
mcciing wiil Loid Syamasundcia. ly ilc Loid's mcicilul will, all iiacc ol ilc
dcvoicc's subilc body ol mind, iniclligcncc and lalsc cgo aic cxiinguislcd wiil ilc
dcmisc ol ilc gioss body ol livc clcmcnis. Tlus lc cnicis ilc sampaii-dasa siagc.
Tlis is wlcn ilc dcvoicc's puic spiiiiual loim lullymanilcsis, licc ol maiciial
covciings. In ilc mood ol puic blava, lc ialcs up lis cicinal scivicc io Sii Sii
RadlaKisna in ilc iiansccdcnial dlama. Hc ilus bccomcs a sadlana-siddla oi a
pcilccicd soul now icinsiaicd in lis svaiupa iliougl piaciicc ol sadlana and
blajana. Hc now scivcs ilc Loid in ilc company ol ilc niiyasiddlas, ilc cicinal
associaics ol ilc Loid wlo wcic ncvci condiiioncd.
Summary
Tlc loly namc is ilc gicaicsi and yci ilc casicsi obiainablc spiiiiual iicasuic.
Tlis iicasuic is obiaincd by ilc jiva wlo clanis wiil laiil and dcvoiion, noi
caiing loi laima, jnana and yoga. Tlai jiva quiclly and casily asccnds io ilc
liglcsi pcilcciion by lollowing ilc mcilod ol namablajana dcsciibcd abovc.
Tlis mcilod is ilc bcsi ol mcilods, bciici cvcn ilan oilci mcilods ol blalii.
Tlc basic icquiicmcni loi succcsslul accomplislmcni ol namablajana is ilai ilc
sadlala musi ioially slun bad associaiion and cngagc in ilc piaciicc ol dcvoiional
scivicc in ilc company ol sainily dcvoiccs ol ilc Loid. Puic lovc ol Kisna is ilc
cxpicssion ol unalloycd dcvoiional scivicc.
Only a puic dcvoicc's lcaii las ilc inclinaiion and capabiliiy ol iccciving
picma; ilc non-dcvoicc's lcaii dcnics ii. Picma icluscs io cnici ilc lcaii ol onc
wlo docs noi lccp ilc company ol puic dcvoiccs. Tlc jiva's dccision io acccpi
ciilci good oi bad associaiion las a powcilul and lasiing inllucncc on lis dcsiiny.
Tlcic aic ilicc csscniial iiaiis ilai musi bc culiivaicd io obiain succcss in
claniing ilc loly namc ol ilc Loid: sainily associaiion, isolaiion liom ilc
disiuibanccs ol mundanc lilc, and dcicimincd, conlidcni cnilusiasm.
Alici saying ilis, Siila Haiidasa Tlaluia dcclaicd limscll io bc vciy low and
maiciially cngiosscd, bcicli ol good associaiion and always cngagcd in
sclldcccpiion. Alilougl Siila Haiidasa is limscll a niiyasiddla associaic ol ilc
Loid, lc cxpicsscd limscll in ilis lumblc way. Humiliiy is ilc oinamcni ol
picma.
The Lord's speciaI favor upon SriIa Haridasa Thakur
Siila Haiidasa coniinucd, "O Loid, lindly slowci upon mc Youi causclcss
mcicy (alaiiuliliipa). I piay ilai You giani mc cniiy inio ilc icalm ol blalii-
iasa." Saying ilis, Siila Haiidasa lcll unconscious in loving ccsiasy, lully
scllsuiicndcicd ai ilc Loid's loius lcci.
Alaiiuliliipa mcans 'causclcss mcicy'. ly saying ilis, Siila Haiidasa implicd
ilai lc was spiiiiually unaccomplislcd and ilcicloic lad no lopc loi ilc lind ol
mcicy Loid Kisna bcsiows upon His puic dcvoiccs. In lis mood ol uiici
lclplcssncss lc simply piaycd loi Loid Caiianya's uncondiiional giacc.
Siila Haiidasa Tlalui is lamous loi nama-blajana and lis icaclings on ilc
gloiics ol ilc loly namc, yci lc is also ilc iccipicni ol Loid Caiianya's spccial
mcicy. Hc is sucl an auiloiiiy on ilc plilosoply ol namaiasa ilai oncc, wlcn
Loid Caiianya was iclisling ilc iopics ol RadlaKisna lila wiil Sii Ramananda
Raya and Saivablauma llaiiaclaiya in ilc couiiyaid ol Siila Haiidasa Tlalui's
blajana-luiii, Siila Haiidasa icpcaicdly cxpoundcd ai lcngil on ilc gloiics ol
nama-iasa io ilc iapi aiicniion ol ilc oilci cxalicd pcisons picscni.
Loid Caiianya was movcd by divinc loving cmoiions upon lcaiing Siila
Haiidasa's Tlaluia's plca loi mcicy. Liliing Siila Haiidasa up in His cmbiacc, ilc
Loid ilcn spolc in conlidcncc io lim. "O Haiidasa! Lisicn aiicniivcly io wlai I
lavc io say. Tlc iiuil aboui ilc loly namc will bc liddcn by misclicvious iascals
wlo will cicaic a dail slioud ol ignoiancc ovci ilc cniiic woild. Ai ilai iimc,
ilcsc cxccllcni and uniivallcd insiiuciions ol youis aboui claniing in ilc
associaiion ol sainily pcisons slall bc undcisiood only by a icmaining landlul ol
dcvoiccs."
Wlai did Loid Caiianya mcan by 'misclicvous iascals'' Tlc piimc candidaics
loi ilis appcllaiion aic ilc vaiious upsiaii sccis lilc ilc salajiyas, aulas, baulas
and so on, wlo piopagaic bogus mundanc dociiincs disguiscd as Malapiablu's
own icaclings; ilcy indccd conccal liom ilc woild ilc puic plilosoply ol Kisna
consciousncss cxpoundcd by ilc Loid Himscll in His Silsasiala.
Tlc Loid coniinucd, "Tlc iiuc pail ol ilc loly namc will bc lollowcd by
sainily souls wlo aic ioially dciaclcd liom maiciial lilc. Tlcy will clani ilc loly
namc wiil blava and will ilcicloic bc lnown bc lnown as iasilablalias. Tlcii
blava will bc ilai ol scpaiaiion; by ilcii claniing ilcy will iclisl ilc pasiimcs ol
RadlaKisna and ilc cigli piincipal gopis.
"Tlc jiva is blcsscd wiil puic blalii only on ilc siicngil ol lis suliiii, oi piciy
and laiil. Noi cvciyonc is cniiilcd io lavc sucl dcvoiion, bui in oidci io insiill
sucl dcvoiion in ilc lcaiis ol ilc laiillul, I lavc dcsccndcd io piopagaic ilc
claniing ol ilc loly namc as ilc icligion loi ilis agc. Tlc claniing ol Haic Kisna
Haic Kisna Kisna Kisna Haic Haic, Haic Rama Haic Rama Rama Rama Haic Haic
is laciually ilc jiva's inlcicni and cicinal icligion.
"My dcai Haiidasa, in ilc accomplislmcni ol ilis mission I dcpcnd upon youi
lclp, and ilus I am lcaiing liom you ilc gloiics ol ilc loly namc."

Tlc Haiinama Ciniamani, ilis iouclsionc ol ilc Loid's loly namc, is an
unlailomablc minc ol divinc ncciai. Wlocvci iasics ii is iiuly loiiunaic and is
blcsscd by Kisna; lc is a gicai soul and always blisslully scivcs Loid Kisna in
sponiancous loving dcvoiion. I am a lallcn soul; I clasp lis lcci and lumbly piay
ilai ilc icmnanis ol ilis ncciai slould bc disiiibuicd pioluscly, ilus spicading
divinc bliss io cvciyonc.
Tlus Lnds Sii Haiinama Ciniamani

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