Comuter information 2009 Compiled by: jamal abdul nasir 092-042-03004205754 Mime stands for Multipurpose Internet

Mail Extensions which is a standard format for attaching non-text files, such as graphics and other files to a text base electronic mail message. See our MIME dictionary definition for additional information an related terms. The Intel Pentium bug/flaw was an issue with the FPU which is a section of the processor which allows the computer to perform floating-point calculations. While this issue was very small and only occurred on earlier Intel Pentium processors there was wide coverage of this issue and several thousand processors ended up being replaced. Additional Information about this issue and ways of testing your old Pentium processor can be found on our CPU page. IRQ stands for Interrupt Request. An IRQ or Interrupt request line allows a hardware device inside of the computer a direct line to the Microprocessor and tells the Microprocessor to stop what it is doing and wait until it has further instructions. Every PC computer has a maximum of 15 IRQs and are prioritized in the computer according to the importance of the device. See our understanding system resources page for additional information. A Cathode Ray Tube that is commonly referred to as a CRT is found in a Computer Monitor. The CRT is the main component and most expensive part within your computer monitor. Within the CRT are three electron guns, Red, Green and Blue. Each of these guns streams a steady flow of electrons left to right for each line of your monitor. As the electrons hit the phosphors on the CRT the phosphor will glow certain intensities. As a new line begins the guns will then begin at the left and continue right, these guns will repeat this process sometimes thousands of time until the screen has been completely drawn line by line. Once the phosphors on the CRT have been hit with an electron they will only glow for a short period of time, because of this the CRT must be refreshed which means the process will be repeated as explained above. Additional information on computer Monitors can be found on our Monitor Page. The CPU or the Central Processing Unit is the brain of the computer and the single most important chip in the computer. Modern processors contain millions of transistors which are etched onto a tiny square silicon called a die, which is about the with of a standard thumb. The CPU performs the system's calculating and processing. The majority of personal computers included the Intel processors. Intel released the first processor, the 4004 in 1971. Today the market is being shared by other companies such as the popular AMD processor manufactured by the AMD company. Additional information can be found on our CPU page.

Comuter information 2009 Compiled by: jamal abdul nasir 092-042-03004205754 Computer Viruses cannot be contracted through a computer scanner not to be confused with a Virus Scanner. While the hardware scanner may be inputting data from hard copies or other sources of data it is impossible for a virus to be transferred through a scanner as the input is being placed into an image format. Additional information on computer viruses can be found at our Virus section.

Term derived from Johann Gauss who was a mathematician who studied and worked with electro-magnetic fields. Degauss is a method of erasing magnetic media and the removal of remnants of previously recorded signals. The degauss process is achieved by passing magnetic media through a magnet field more powerful than the media itself in order to rearrange the magnetic particles. Update: Michael B., a visitor of Computer Hope, also indicated that Degaussing was first used by the British Royal Navy in the 2nd WW. An electro-magnetic cable was inserted on the inside and around each warship as a safeguard against magnetic mines. Each time a ship came into harbor it was degaussed. An electrical current was passed through this cable and the magnetic field was neutralized, hence the magnetic mine was unemployed. When degaussing a monitor the degauss demagnetizes the CRT, fixing possible color impurities. After either the Degauss button is pressed or the monitor is manually Degaussed the degaussing circuit will be activated and then deactivated after a few seconds. Older monitors may not have this ability however handheld monitor degauss can also be used to restore color impurities. Additional Information on Monitors can be found on our monitor page.

Cookie in short is a Internet File. The complete definition of acomputer Cookie is simply an HTTP headerthat consists of a text-only string that gets entered into the memoryof your browser. This string contains the domain, path, lifetime, andvalue of a variable that you set. If the lifetime of this variable islonger than the time the user spends at your site, then this string issaved to file for future reference. Many believe that computer cookies aredangerous and are a privacy concern. However cookies are stored onyour computer hard disk drive and only

Comuter information 2009 Compiled by: jamal abdul nasir 092-042-03004205754 accessible by the page it wascreated or the user of the computer. Some examples of how computercookies can help you are: 1. Store on your hard disk drive your personal information and preferences for a web site such as a Internet Store. This information can only be accessed by that store and is used to help direct you faster to places that most interest you. 2. Store information about your preferences for a start page. If you have a customized start page which contains information such as local weather and news this information is placed on the web page by looking at information from a cookie. The above are just a few good examplesof computer cookies, to help understand what exactly they are used for.

Downloading is the method of getting a file from another computer. The opposite of downloading a file is uploading a file, where a user sends a file to another computer. When on the Internet you are actually downloading each page you view to your computers hard disk drive. In addition to downloading web pages, when downloading software such as a software update or patch you are also downloading a file to the computer. When downloading a file it is important that you remember where you copied the file to on your hard disk drive. If this is not known you may have a difficult time locating the file and running it to have it do its specific task.

A standard PC floppy once formatted is capable of holding 1.44 MB. Because ofthis small capacity by today's standards a floppy diskette and drive are rarelyused. New solutions such as the LS-120 floppy diskette drive are cable ofreading the standard 1.44MB floppy diskettes however also support a new type offloppy diskette capable of holding 120MB which is equivalent to around 80 floppydiskettes. Additional information about floppy diskettes can be found on our floppydisk drive page. Additional information about LS-120 drives can be found on our LS-120page.

Comuter information 2009 Compiled by: jamal abdul nasir 092-042-03004205754 The command dir, short for "directory" will list files in MS-DOS. Not to be confused with the command ls, that is generally used to list files in Unix variants. Each of the listed file types are valid file extensions; however, the fileextension TMP is not an image file. TMP or temp files are temporary Windowsfiles used to store temporary data or be used as a backup for files that arebeing used. Additional information about PC computer file extensions an be foundon our Extensions page.

The original Intel Celeronprocessor was not as popular as expected because it lacked level 2 cache to help reduce the price of the processor. With no level 2 cache the processor was muchslower than the competitor processors. Users felt that while the processorwas cheap it was not worth the dramatic speed decrease. Additional information about CPU's can be found on our CPU page.

The system registry consists of two files named the user.dat and system.dat.These two files have the backup's named user.da0 and system.da0. Additional information about the system registry can be found on our registry page.

UNIX is not an acronym therefore does not short for anything. An early versions of UNIX was actually called UNICS and it was short for UNiplexed Information and Computing Service. Additional information about UNIX can be found on our UNIX page. UNIX history can be found on our UNIX history page. Codenamed Whistler, Microsoft Windows XP is sort for Windows eXPerienced.

Hard disk drives today generally utilize a magnetic technology to read, write and store information. Additional help and information about hard disk drives can be found on our hard disk drive page.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful