Sri Paramafma-sandarbha

MangaIacarana
iau saniosayaia saniau
siïla-iupa-sanaianau
dalsinaiycna blaiicna
punai ciad vivicyaic
imal
iasyadyam gianilana-lcllam
liania-vyuiliania-llandiiam
paiyalocyaila paiyayam
liiva lillaii jïvalal
iau-ilcm; saniosayaia-plcasing; saniau-sainily; siïla-iupa-sanaianau-Siï Rupa
and Sanaiana Gosvamis; dalsinaiycna-liom souil India; blaiicna-by Siï Gopala
llaiia Gosvami; punal-again; ciai-ilis; vivicyaic-is dcsciibcd; iasya-ol lim;
adyam-oiiginal; gianilana-lcllam-wiiiing; liania-vyuiliania-vaiious aigumcnis;
llandiiam-icluiing; paiyalocya-considciing; aila-now; paiyayam-sysicmaiic
aiiangcmcni; liiva-doing; lillaii-wiiics; jïvalal-Jiva Gosvami.
Siïla Gopala llaiia Gosvamï, ilc gicai plilosoplci liom ilc souilcin
piovinccs wlo gicaily plcascd Siïla Rupa Gosvamï and Siïla Sanaiana Gosvamï, lcli
many valuablc noics ilai dclcai vaiious plilosoplical misconccpiions.
Sysicmaiically aiianging ilcsc noics, and considciing ilcii conicni, Jiva Gosvami
wiiics ilis bool.
Anuccheda 1
Tcxi 1
aila paiamaima viviiyaic. yadyapi paiamaimaivam vailunilc 'pi piabloi asii. iad
api ca blagavaiiangam iai syad iiilam jagad-gaiam vacyam. iaiia iam jagad-gaia-
jïva-niiupana-puivalam niiupayaii dvablyam
aila-now; paiamaima-il Supcisoul; viviiyaic.-is dcsciibcd; yadyapi-alilougl;
paiamaimaivam-ilc naiuic ol ilc Supcisoul; vailunilc-in Vailunila; api-also;
piablol-ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; asii.-is; iad api-ncvciilclcss; ca-
also; blagavaiia-ol ilc naiuic ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; angam--a
paii; iai-ilai; syai-is; iiilam-ilus; jagad-gaiam-gonc io ilc maiciial woild;
vacyam.-io bc said; iaiia-ilcic; iam-ilai; jagad-gaia-gonc io ilc maiciial woild;
jïva-ol ilc individual spiiii soul; niiupana-dcsciipiion; puivalam-picvious;
niiupayaii-dsciibcs; dvablyam-wiil iwo.
Now ilc Supcisoul will bc dcsciibcd. Alilougl ilc Loid's Supcisoul lcaiuic is
also manilcsicd in ilc spiiiiual woild ol Vailunila, ii is gcncially said io ilai ilc
Supicmc Loid's Supcisoul cxpansion is picscni piimaiily in ilc maiciial woild.
Tlc individual spiiii souls and ilc Supcisoul, boil picscni in ilc maiciial woild,
aic dcsciibcd in ilc lollowing iwo vciscs (Siïmad-llagavaiam 5.11.12-13):
Tcxi 2
lsciiajna cia manasa vibluiïi
jïvasya maya-iaciiasya niiyal
aviiliial lvapi iiioliias ca
suddlo vicasic ly avisuddla-laiiul
lsciiajna-ilc individual soul; cia-all ilcsc; manasa-ol ilc mind; vibluiïl-
dillcicni aciiviiics; jïvasya-ol ilc living cniiiy; maya-iaciiasya-cicaicd by ilc
cxicinal maiciial cncigy; niiyal-liom iimc immcmoiial; aviiliial-somciimcs
manilcsicd; lvapi-somcwlcic; iiioliial ca-and noi manilcsicd; suddlal-puiilicd;
vicasic-sccs ilis; li-cciiainly; avisuddla-unpuiilicd; laiiul--ol ilc doci.
"Tlc individual soul bcicli ol Kisna consciousncss las many idcas and
aciiviiics cicaicd in ilc mind by ilc cxicinal cncigy. Tlcy lavc bccn cxisiing liom
iimc immcmoiial. Somciimcs ilcy aic manilcsi in ilc walcning siaic and in ilc
dicam siaic, bui duiing dccp slccp (unconsciousncss) oi iiancc, ilcy disappcai. A
pcison wlo is libciaicd in ilis lilc (jïvan-mulia) can scc all ilcsc ilings vividly.¯
Tcxi 3
lsciiajna aima puiusal puianal
salsai svayam-jyoiii ajal paicsal
naiayano blagavan vasudcval
sva-mayayaimany avadlïyamanal
lsciiajna-ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; aima-all-pcivading, picscni
cvciywlcic; puiusal-ilc unicsiiicicd coniiollci, wlo las unlimiicd powci;
puianal-ilc oiiginal; salsai-pciccivablc by lcaiing liom ilc auiloiiiics and by
diicci pciccpiion; svayam-pcisonal; jyoiil-manilcsiing His bodily iays (ilc
lialman cllulgcncc); ajal-ncvci boin; paicsal-ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad; naiayanal-ilc icsiing placc ol all living cniiiics; blagavan-ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad wiil six lull opulcnccs; vasudcval-ilc slclici ol
cvciyiling, manilcsicd and nonmanilcsi; sva-mayaya-by His own poicncy; aimani-
in His own scll, oi in ilc oidinaiy living cniiiics; avadlïyamanal-cxisiing as ilc
coniiollci.
"Tlcic aic iwo linds ol lsciiajna: ilc living cniiiy, as cxplaincd abovc, and ilc
Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad, wlo is cxplaincd as lollows. Hc is ilc all-
pcivading causc ol cicaiion. Hc is lull in Himscll and is noi dcpcndcni on oilcis.
Hc is pciccivcd by lcaiing and diicci pciccpiion. Hc is scll-cllulgcni and docs noi
cxpciicncc biiil, dcail, old-agc, oi discasc. Hc is ilc coniiollci ol all ilc
dcmigods, bcginning wiil Loid lialma. Hc is callcd Naiayana and Hc is ilc
slclici ol living cniiiics alici ilc annililaiion ol ilc maiciial woild. Hc is lull ol all
opulcnccs and Hc is ilc icsiing placc ol cvciyiling maiciial. Hc is ilcicloic
lnown as Vasudcva, ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad."¯
Tcxi +
yal suddlo 'pi mayaial paio 'pi maya-iaciiasya valsyamanasya saiva-lsciiasya
mayaya lalpiiasya manaso 'niallaianasyaiial piasiddla vibluiïi viiiïi vicasic
viscscna pasyaii. pasyams iaiiavisio blavaii. sa llalv asau jïva-nama sva-saiïia-
dvaya-lalsana-lsciiasya jnaiiivai lsciiajna ucyaia iiy aiilal.
yal-wlo; suddlal-puic; api-alilougl; mayaial-maya; paial-abovc; api-cvcn;
maya-iaciiasya-cicaicd by maya; valsyamanasya-wlicl will bc cxplaincd; saiva-
lsciiasya-ol all liclds; mayaya-by maya; lalpiiasya-cicaicd; manasal-ol ilc mind;
aniallaianasya-ol ilc mind; cial-ilcy; piasiddla-piovcd; vibluiïl-vibluiis;
viiiïl-aciions; vicasic-sccs; viscscna-spccilically; pasyaii-sccs; pasyaml-sccing;
iaiia-ilcic; avisial-cnicicd; blavaii.-is; sa-lc; llalv-indccd; asau-lc; jïva-nama-
callcd ilc jiva; sva-saiïia-dvaya-lalsana-claiaciciizcd by iwo bodics; lsciiasya-ol
ilc licld; jnaiiivai-bccausc ol bcing ilc lnowci; lsciiajna-ilc lnowci ol ilc licld;
ucyaia-is said; iii-ilus; aiilal.-ilc mcaning.
Tlis vcisc mcans: "Lvcn ilougl lc is by naiuic puic (suddlal), ilai is io say
bcyond ilc ioucl ol ilc illusoiy poicncy maya, ilc individual spiiii soul sccs
(vicasic) ilc (cial) aciiviiics (vibluiïl) ol ilc mind (manasal), ilc mind laving
bccn cicaicd by ilc illusoiy poicncy maya (maya-iaciiasya). Tlc mind sccs all
liclds ol aciiviiy. Tlc mind will bc luiilci dcsciibcd laici in ilis bool. ly sccing
ilcsc aciiviiics, ilc individual soul, wlo is callcd ilc jïva', cnicis inio ilcm.
lccausc lc ilus las lnowlcdgc ol iwo dillcicni maiciial bodics, ilc soul is ilus
callcd lsciiajna' (ilc lnowci ol ilc licld ol aciion)."
Tcxi 5
iad uliam
yaya sammoliio jïva
aimanam iii-gunaimalam
paio 'pi manuic 'naiilam
iai-liiam cablipadyaic. iii.
iai-ilai; uliam-said; yaya-by wlom; sammoliial-illusioncd; jïva-ilc living
cniiiics; aimanam-scll; iii-gunaimalam-condiiioncd by ilc ilicc modcs ol naiuic,
oi a pioduci ol maiici; paial-iiansccndcnial; api-in spiic ol; manuic-ialcs ii loi
gianicd; anaiilam-ilings noi wanicd; iai-by ilai; liiam ca-icaciion; ablipadyaic-
undcigocs ilcicol; iii-ilus.
Tlc condiiioncd soul is also dcsciibcd in ilcsc woids ol Siïmad-llagavaiam
(1.7.5):
"Duc io ilis cxicinal cncigy, ilc living cniiiy, alilougl iiansccndcnial io ilc
ilicc modcs ol maiciial naiuic, ilinls ol limscll as a maiciial pioduci and ilus
undcigocs ilc icaciions ol maiciial misciics."¯
Tcxi 6
iasya manasal. lïdisaiaya maya-iaciiasya. iaiiala jïvasya jïvopadliiaya jïva-
iadaimycna iaciiasya. iaias ca iai-iayopacaiyamanasyciy aiilal. iaias ca lïdisasya.
avisuddlam blagavad-baliimullam laima laioiïii iadisasya. lïdisii vibluiïl.
niiya anadiia cvanugaial. aiia ca lada lïdisii iiy apclsayam ala jagiai-svapnayoi
aviibluial susupiau iiioliias ccii.
iasya-ol ilai; manasal.-mind; lïdisaiaya-wiilwlai'; maya-iaciiasya.-cicaicd by
maya; iaiia-ilcic; ala-said; jïvasya-ol ilc soul; jïva-ilc soul; upadliiaya-wiil ilc
dcsignaiion; jïva-iadaimycna-by ilc idcniiiy ol ilc soul; iaciiasya.-cicaicd; iaial-
ilcn; ca-and; iai-ilai; iaya-by ilai; upacaiyamanasya-lonoicd; iii-ilus; aiilal-ilc
mcaning; iaial-ilcn; ca-and; lïdisasya.-lilc wlai'; avisuddlam-impuic; blagavai-
ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; baliimullam-ouisidc; laima-dccds; laioii-
docs; iii-ilus; iadisasya.-lilc ilai; lïdisil-lilc wlai'; vibluiïl-aciions; niiya-
cicinal; anadiia-liom iimc immcmoiial; cva-indccd; anugaial-lollowcd; aiia-lcic;
ca-and; lada-wlcn'; lïdisil-lilc wlai'; iii-ilus; apclsayam-in ilis maiici; ala-
said; jagiai-svapnayol-ol waling and dicam; aviibluial-manilcsicd; susupiau-in
dicamlcss slccp; iiioliial-disappcaicd; ca-and; iii-ilus.
Hcic somconc may asl: "How docs ilc illusoiy cncigy maya cicaic (maya-
iaciiasya) ilc maiciial mind (manasal)'" Tlc answci is givcn in ilc woid
"jïvasya", wlicl mcans by maling ilc individual soul ilinl ilai ilc cxicinal
maiciial body is lis iiuc idcniiiy".
Tlcn somconc may asl: "Wlai lappcns ilcn'" Tlc answci is ilai ilc soul
ilcn cngagcs in impuic maiciial aciiviiics ilai lavc no iclaiion io ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad.
Tlcn somconc may asl: "Wlai aic ilcsc maiciial aciiviiics (vibluiïl) lilc'"
Tlc answci is givcn in ilc woid niiyal", wlicl mcans "ilcy lavc bccn cxisiing
liom iimc immcmoiial".
Tlcn somconc may asl: "Wlcn aic ilcsc maiciial aciiviiics manilcsicd'" Tlc
answci is givcn ilai ilcy aic manilcsi in ilc walcning siaic and in ilc dicam siaic,
bui duiing dccp slccp (unconsciousncss) oi iiancc, ilcy disappcai (iiioliias ca).
Tcxi 7
yas iu puiano jagiai-laiana-bluial puiusal adyo 'vaiaial puiusal paiasya iiy-
adina dviiiyadau piasiddlal.
yal-wlo; iu-indccd; puianal-ancicni; jagiai-laiana-bluial-ilc cicaioi ol ilc
waling siaic; puiusal-ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; adyo 'vaiaial puiusal
paiasya iiy-adina-Siïmad-llagavaiam 2.6.+2; dviiiyadau-in ilc bcginning ol ilc
Sccond Canio; piasiddlal-piovcd.
Tlai ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad is ilc cicaioi ol ilc waling siaic is
cxplaincd in ilcsc woids ol Siïmad-llagavaiam (2.6.+2):
"Kaianainavasayï Visnu is ilc liisi incainaiion ol ilc Supicmc Loid, and Hc is
ilc masici ol cicinal iimc, spacc, causc and cllccis, mind, ilc clcmcnis, ilc
maiciial cgo, ilc modcs ol naiuic, ilc scnscs, ilc univcisal loim ol ilc Loid,
Gaiblodalasayï Visnu, and ilc sum ioial ol all living bcings, boil moving and
nonmoving."¯
Tcxi S
salsad cva svayam-jyoiil sva-pialasal. na iu jïva-vad anyapclsaya. ajo
janmadi-sunayl. paicsam bialmadïnam apïsal. naiam jïva-samulal sva-
niyamyaivcnayanam yasya sal. blagavan aisvaiyady-amsa-van. blagavad-amsaivai.
vasudcval saiva-bluianam asiayal.
salsai-diiccily; cva-indccd; svayam-jyoiil-scll-manilcsi; sva-pialasal.-scll-
manilcsi; na-noi; iu-bui; jïva-vai-lilc ilc individual soul; anya-on oilcis;
apclsaya-dcpcndcni; ajal-unboin; janmadi-sunayl.-licc lo biiil and oilci
maiciial clangcs; paicsam-ol oilcis; bialmadïnam-bcginning wiil ilc dcmigod
lialma; api-also; ïsal-ilc masici; naiam-naiam; jïva-samulal-ilc aggicgaic ol all
spiiii souls; sva-niyamyaivcna-by coniiolling; ayanam-ilc icsiing placc; yasya-ol
wlom; sal.-Hc; blagavan-ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; aisvaiya-
opulcnccs; adi-bcginning; amsa-paiis; van-posscssing; blagavad-amsaivai-
bccauysc ol bcing a paii and paiccl lo ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad;
vasudcval-Vasudcva; saiva-bluianam-ol all living cniiiics; asiayal-ilc slclici.
Hcic (in ilc vcisc quoicd in icxi 3) ilc woid svayam-jyoiil" mcans "Tlc
Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad is mnilcsicd accoiding io His own wisl". Tlis
mcans ilai ilc Supicmc Loid is noi lilc ilc individual souls, wlo aic dcpcndcni
on oilcis. Tlc woid "ajal" mcans ilai ilc Loid is licc ol maiciial biiil and oilci
maiciial iiansloimaiions. Tlc woid "paicsal" mcans ilai ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy
ol Godlcad is masici ol lialma and all oilci living bcings. Tlc woid
"naiayanal" mcans ilai bccausc Hc is ilc supicmc coniiollci, ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad is also ilc icsiing placc (ayana) ol all living cniiiics (naia).
Tlc woid "blagavan" mcans ilai ilc Loid is ilc masici ol all opulcnccs. Tlc woid
"vasudcval" mcans ilai ilc Loid is ilc slclici ol all living cniiiics.
Tcxi 9
sva-mayaya sva-iupa-saliya aimani sva-svaiupc avadlïyamano
'vasilapyamanal. laima-laiii-piayogal. mayayam mayilc 'py aniaiyamiivcna
piavisio 'pi svaiupa-saliya svaiupa-sila cva. na iu iai-samsalia iiy aiilal.
vasudcvaivcna saiva-lsciia-jnaiiivai so 'paial. maya-moliio jïvo maya-ialiial
suddlal lsciiajna aima paiamaimcii.
sva-mayaya-sba-mayaya; sva-iupa-saliya-by His inicinal poicncy; aimani-
aimani; sva-svaiupc-in His own iiansccndcnial loim; avadlïyamanal-
avadliyamanal; avasilapyamanal-bcing csiablislcd; laima-laiii-piayogal-ilc
insiiumcnial casc; mayayam-in maya; mayilc-in ilc woild cicaicd by maya; api-
also; aniaiyamiivcna-as ilc Supcisoul; piavisial-cnicicd; api-also; svaiupa-saliya-
by His inicinal poicncy; svaiupa-sila-siiuaicd in Himscll; cva.-indccd; na-noi; iu-
bui; iai-samsalia-aiiaclcd io ilai; iii-ilus; aiilal.-ilc mcaning; vasudcvaivcna-as
Vasudcva; saiva-lsciia-jnaiiivai-bccausc ol bcing ilc lnowci ol all liclds; sal-Hc;
apaial-wiiloui supciioi; maya-moliial-bcwildcidd by maya; jïval-ilc individual
spiiii soul; maya-ialiial-wiiloui maya; suddlal-puic; lsciiajna-lnowci ol ilc
liild; aima-ilc Soul; paiamaimailc Supcisoul; iii-ilus.
Tlc woids "sva-mayaya aimani avadlïyamanal" mcan "by His own inicinal
poicncy (sva-mayaya) Hc las manilcsicd (avadlïyamanal) ilc woild wiilin
Himscll (aimani)". Tlcicloic in ilis passagc ilc Loid is in ilc insiiumcnial casc.
Tlus ilc Loid cnicis ilc woild cicaicd by ilc illusoiy poicncy maya and, by ilc
powci ol His own inicinal poicncy, ilcic Hc manilcsis His spiiiiual loim ol ilc
Supcisoul. Howcvci, Hc ncvci bccomcs aiiaclcd io ilai woild ol maya. Tlai is ilc
mcaning. Hcic ilc Loid is callcd "vasudcval" bccausc Hc is ilc lnowci ol all
liclds ol aciiviiics, and ilcicloic no onc is supciioi io Him. Tlc individual spiiii
soul is bcwildcicd by ilc illusoiy poicncy maya, bui ilc Supcisoul (lsciiajna
aima) is ncvci bcwildcicd by maya. Hc is always puic.
Tcxi 10
iad cvam api mullyam lsciiajnaivam paiamaimany cva. iad uliam saivam
puman vcda gunams ca iaj-jno na vcda saivajnam ananiam ïdc iii.
iai-ilai; cvam-ilus; api-also; mullyam-piimaiy; lsciiajnaivam-ilc siaic oil
bcing ilc lnowci ol ilc licld ol aciiviiy; paiamaimani-in ilc Supcisoul; cva.-
indccd; iai-ilai; uliam-said; saivam puman vcda gunams ca iaj-jno na vcda
saivajnam ananiam ïdc iii-Siïmad-llagavaiam 6.+.2+.
Tlus ilc piimaiy mcaning lcic is ilai ilc Supcisoul is ilc lnowci ol all liclds
ol aciiviiy. Tlis is dcsciibcd in ilc lollowing woids ol Siïmad-llagavaiam
(6.+.25):
"Ncvciilclcss, ilc living bcing is unablc io scc ilc Supicmc lcing, wlo is
omniscicni and unlimiicd. I ilcicloic ollci my icspccilul obcisanccs unio Him."¯
Tcxi 11
iaila siï-gïiopanisaisu
idam saiïiam launicya
lsciiam iiy ablidlïyaic
ciad yo vciii iam pialul
lsciiajnam iii iad-vidal
iaila-so; siï-gïiopanisaisu-in Siï llagavad-gïia 13.2; idam-ilis; saiïiam-body;
launicya-O son ol Kunii; lsciiam-ilc licld; iii-ilus; ablidlïyaic-is callcd; ciai-
ilis; yal-anyonc; vciii-lnows; iam-lim; pialul-is callcd; lsciiajnam-lnowci ol
ilc body; iii-ilus iad-vidal-onc wlo lnows.
Tlis is also dcsciibcd in llagavad-gïia (13.2-3), wlcic ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy
ol Godlcad cxplains:
"Tlis body, O son ol Kuniï, is callcd ilc licld, and onc wlo lnows ilis body is
callcd ilc lnowci ol ilc licld.¯
Tcxi 12
lsciiajnam capi mam viddli
saiva-lsciicsu blaiaia
lsciia-lsciiajnayoi jnanam
yai iaj jnanam maiam mama. iii.
lsciiajnam-ilc lnowci; ca-also; api-cciiainly; mam-Mc; viddli-lnow; saiva-all;
lsciicsu-in bodily liclds; blaiaia-O son ol llaiaia; lsciia-licld ol aciiviiics (ilc
body; lsciiajnayol-ilc lnowci ol ilc licld; jnanam-lnowlcdgc; yai-ilai wlicl is
iaugli; iaj-ilai; jnanam-lnowlcdgc; maiam-opinion; mama.-My; iii-ilus.
"O scion ol llaiaia, you slould undcisiand ilai I am also ilc lnowci in all
bodics, and io undcisiand ilis body and iis ownci is callcd lnowlcdgc. Tlai is My
opinion."¯
Tcxi 13
aiia llalu lsciiajnam capi mam viddli iii saivcsv api lsciicsu mam ca
lsciiajnam viddli. na iu jïvam iva sva-sva-lsciia cvciy aiila iii. na ca jïvcsayol
samanadlilaianycna niiviscsa-cid-vasiv cva jncyaiaya niidisaii. saiva-lsciicsu iiy
asya vaiyaiilyapaiicl.
aiia-lcic; llalu-indccd; lsciiajnam capi mam viddli iii-ilc woids "lsciiajnam
capi mam viddli"; saivcsu-in all; api-cvcn; lsciicsu-liclds; mam-Mc; ca-and;
lsciiajnam-ilc lnowci ol ilc liild; viddli.-lnow; na-noi; iu-bui; jïvam-ilc
individual spiiii soul; iva-lilc; sva-sva-lsciic-ilcii own liclds; cva-indccd; iii-ilus;
aiilal-ilc mcaning; iii.-ilus; na-noi; ca-also; jïva-ol ilc individual soul; ïsayol-ol
ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; samanadlilaianycna-by cqualiiy; niiviscsa-
wiiloui vaiiciy; cii-spiiiiual; vasiv-subsiancc; cva-indccd; jncyaiayaby wlai is io
bc lnown; niidisaii-indicaics; saiva-lsciicsu-in all liclds; iii-ilus; asya-ol Him;
vaiyaiilya-usclcss; apaiicl-bccausc ol ilc impiopci conclusion.
Hcic ilc woids "lsciiajnam capi mam viddli", wlicl in piosc oidci bccomc
"mam ca lsciiajnam viddli", mcan "I am also ilc lnowci in all bodics". Tlus ilc
Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad is noi ai all lilc ilc individual spiiii soul, loi ilc
individual soul lnows lis own body only. Tlai is ilc mcaning. Tlcicloic onc
slould noi acccpi ilc impcisonalisi ilcoiy, wlicl siaics ilai ilc individual soul
and ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad aic cqual. Tlc impcisonalisi
inicipiciaiion ol ilc woids saiva-lsciicsu" lcic is complcic nonscnsc.
Tcxi 1+
jncyam yai iai piavalsyami iiy-adina. saivaial pani-padam iai saivaio 'lsi-siio-
mullam iiy-adina ca sa-viscsasya niidclsyamanaivai.
jncyam yai iai piavalsyami iiy-adina-in llagavad-giia 13.12; saivaial pani-
padam iai saivaio 'lsi-siio-mullam iiy-adina-in llagavad-giia 13.13; ca-also; sa-
viscsasya-ilc pcisonalisi idca, ilai Tlcy aic dillcicni; niidclsyamanaivai-bccausc
ii will bc slown.
Tlis is so bccausc ilc pcisonalisi idca, ilai ilc individual soul and ilc
Supcisoul aic dillcicni, will bc alliimcd in ilcsc woids ol llagavad-gïia (13.12-
13):
"I slall now cxplain ilc lnowablc. lnowing wlicl you will iasic ilc cicinal.
Tlis is bcginninglcss and ii is suboidinaic io Mc. Ii is callcd lialman, ilc spiiii,
and ii lics bcyond ilc causc and cllcci ol ilis maiciial woild.¯
"Lvciywlcic aic His lands and lcgs, His cycs and laccs, and Hc lcais
cvciyiling. In ilis way ilc Supcisoul cxisis."¯
Tcxi 15
amaniivam iiy-adina jnanasya ca iailopadclsyamanaivai.
amaniivam iiy-adina-llagavad-giia 13.S; jnanasya-ol lnowlcdgc; ca-also; iaila-
so; upadclsyamanaivai-bccausc ol wlai will bc iaugli.
Iuiilci cvidcncc ilai ilc pcisonalisi idca is coiicci is givcn by ilc Supicmc
Loid Himscll wlcn Hc dclincs ilc iiuc mcaning ol lnowlcdgc in ilcsc woids
(llagavad-gïia 13.S-12):
"Humiliiy, piidclcssncss, non-violcncc, iolciancc, simpliciiy, appioacling a
bona lidc spiiiiual masici, clcanlincss, sicadincss and scll-coniiol, icnunciaiion ol
ilc objccis ol scnsc giaiilicaiion, abscncc ol lalsc cgo, ilc pciccpiion ol ilc cvil ol
biiil, dcail, old-agc, and discasc, non-aiiaclmcni io clildicn, wilc, lomc, and ilc
icsi, and cvcnmindcdncss amid plcasani and unplcasani cvcnis, consiani and
unalloycd dcvoiion io Mc, icsoiiing io soliiaiy placcs, dciaclmcni liom ilc
gcncial mass ol pcoplc, acccpiing ilc impoiiancc ol scll-icalizaiion, and
plilosoplical scaicl loi ilc Absoluic Tiuil-all ilcsc I ilus dcclaic io bc
lnowlcdgc, and wlai is coniiaiy io ilcsc is ignoiancc."¯
Tcxi 16
lim ca lsciiajnam capi iiy aiia iai ivam asi iiivai samanadlilaianycna ian-
niiviscsa-jnanc vivalsiic lsciia-lsciiajnayoi jnanam iiy cvanudyaic. na iu lsciia-
lsciiajnayoi jnanam iii.
lim ca-luiilcimoic; lsciiajnam capi iii-ilcsc woids; aiia-lcic; iai-ilai; ivam-
you; asi-aic; iii-ilus; vai-lilc; samanadlilaianycna-by cqualiiy; ian-niiviscsa-in
ilc abscncc ol disiinciion; jnanc-in lnowlcdgc; vivalsiic-dcsiicd io bc said; lsciia-
lsciiajnayoi jnanam iii-ilcsc woids; cva-indccd; anudyaic-is said; na-noi; iu-bui;
lsciia-lsciiajnayoi jnanam iii-ilcsc woids.
Howcvci, il in llagavad-gïia 13.3 ilc Supicmc Loid lad wislcd io icacl ilai
ilc individual souls aic noi dillcicni liom Him, and il ilis Gïia passagc wcic ilcn
lilc ilc Clandogya Upanisad's (6.S.7) dcclaiaiion "iai ivam asi" (You aic ilai),
ilcn ilc Loid would lavc said lsciiajncsvaiayoi jnanam" (io undcisiand ilc iwo
lnowcis ol ilis body, wlo aic boil ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad, is callcd
lnowlcdgc). Hc would noi lavc said wlai Hc aciually did say: "lsciiajnayoi
jnanam" (io undcisiand ilis body and iis ownci is callcd lnowlcdgc).
Tcxi 17
liniu lsciia-lsciiajnayoi iiy asyayam aiilal. dvi-vidlayoi api lsciia-
lsciiajnayoi yaj-jnanam ian mamaiva jnanam maiam. anyaiilas ca paiamaisal iii
nyaycna maj-jnanaila-iaipaiyalam iiy aiilal. jncyasyailaivcnaiva niidisiaivad
yogyaivac ca.
liniu-lowcvci; lsciia-lsciiajnayol-ol ilc licld and ilc lnowci ol ilc licld; iii-
ilus; asya-ol ilis; ayam-ilis; aiilal.-ilc mcaning; dvi-vidlayol-ol iwo linds; api-
also; lsciia-lsciiajnayol-ol ilc licld and ilc lnowci ol ilc licld; yaj-jnanam-
wlicl lnowlcdgc; iai-ilai; mama-ol Mc; cva-indccd; jnanam-lnowlcdgc; maiam.-
ilc opinion; anyaiilas ca paiamaisal iii nyaycna-by Vcdania-suiia 1.3.20; maj-
jnana-lnowlcdgc ol Mc; cla-only; iaipaiyalam-ilc mcaning; iii-ilus; aiilal-ilc
mcaning; jncyasya-ol ilc objcci ol lnowlcdgc; claivcna-by bcing onc; cva-indccd;
niidisiaivai-bccausc ol bcing iaugli; yogyaivai-bccausc ol ilc piopiiciy; ca.-also.
Hcic is ilc iiuc mcaning ol ilc woids "lsciia-lsciiajnayol": "To undcisiand
ilc iwo dillcicni pcisons wlo lnow ilis body is callcd lnowlcdgc. Tlai is My
opinion." Tlis is also conliimcd in ilc lollowing woids ol Siï Vcdania-suiia
(1.3.21):
anyaiilas ca paiamaisal
"Tlc mcaning lcic is ilai ilc individual soul is dillcicni liom ilc Supicmc."
Tlus, uliimaicly, ilc Supicmc Loid says lcic: "Tiuc lnowlcdgc is lnowlcdgc
ol Mc". Tlis is so bccausc lcic a singlc objcci ol lnowlcdgc is dcsciibcd. Tlai is
ilc piopci undcisianding.
Tcxi 1S
na ca niiïsvaia-sanllya-vai lsciia-lsciiajna-maiia-viblagad aiia jnanam
maiam. mam iiy ancncsvaiasyapclsiiaivai. na ca vivaiia-vada-vad ïsvaiasyapi
bliama-maiia-piaiïia-puiusaivam. iad-vacana-lalsana-sa-vcda-gïiadi-sasiianam
apiamanyai bauddla-vadapaiicl. iasyam ca saiyam bauddlanam iva vivaiia-
vadinam iad-vyallyanayulicl.
na-noi; ca-also; niiïsvaia-sanllya-vai-lilc ilailcisiic sanllya ilcoiy; lsciia-
lsciiajna-ol ilc licld and ilc lnowci ol ilc licld; maiia-only; viblagai-bccausc ol
ilc disiinciion; aiia-lcic; jnanam-lnowlcdgc; maiam.-considcicd; mam-Mc; iii-
ilus; ancna-by ilis; ïsvaiasya-ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad;
apclsiiaivai-bccausc ol bcing in iclaiionio; na-noi; ca-also; vivaiia-vada-vai-lilc
ilc impcisonalisi ilcoiy ol iiansloimaiion; ïsvaiasya-ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad; api-cvcn; bliama-bcwildcimcni; maiia-only; piaiïia-bclicvcd;
puiusaivam-ilc siaius ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; iad-vacana-by
ilosc woids; lalsana-claiaciciizcd; sa-wiil; vcda-ilc Vcdas; gïia-ilc llagavad-
gïia; adi-bcginning wiil; sasiianam-ol sciipiuics; apiamanyai-bccausc ol noi
piividing cvidcncc; bauddla-vadapaiicl-ol ilc ilcoiy ol ilc luddlisis; iasyam-in
ilai; ca-also; saiyam-iiuil; bauddlanam-ol ilc luddlisis; iva-lilc; vivaiia-
vadinam-ol ilc impcisonalisis; iad-vyallyana-ol ilai inicipiciaiion; ayulicl-
bccauszc ol bcing illogical.
Tlc lnowlcdgc lcic is noi lilc ilc ailcisiic sanllya ilcoiy, wlicl acccpis only
ilc individual soul and ilc licld ol ilc soul's pciccpiion. Tlc icason is givcn lcic
in ilc woid mam" (Mc). Wiil ilis woid ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad
alliims ilai Hc Himscll is ilc piopci objcci ol lnowlcdgc. Noi is ilc lnowlcdgc
dcsciibcd lcic lilc ilc impcisonalisis' ilcoiy ilai ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad is an illusion and only loolisl pcoplc bclicvc ilai ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad ically cxisis. Tlis idca ol ilc impcisonalisis is noi
suppoiicd by ilc Vcdas, llagavad-gïia, and oilci sciipiuics, loi ilis idca is ilc
samc as ilc idca ol ilc luddlisis. Tlc impcisonalisis and ilc luddlisis aciually
slaic ilc samc plilosoply, a plilosoply ilai is wildly illogical.
Tcxi 19
na ca iasya saiya-puiusaivc 'pi niiviscsa-jnanam cva molsa-sadlanam iii iadiya-
sasiianiaiaial samalaiyam. cvam saiaia-yulia yc iiy-adi puivadlyayc niiviscsa-
jnanasya lcyaivcna vivalsiiaivai.
na-noi; ca-also; iasya-ol ilai; saiya-iiuil; puiusaivc-in pcisonaliiy; api-also;
niiviscsa-jnanam-ilc impcisonlisi ilcoiy; cva-indccd; molsa-sadlanam-ilc way io
aiiain libciaiion; iii-ilus; iadiya-ol ilai; sasiia-sciipiuics; aniaiaial-liom wiilin;
samalaiyam-io bc collccicd; cvam saiaia-yulia yc iiy-adi-llagavad-giia 12.1;
puivadlyayc-in ilc picvious clapici; niiviscsa-jnanasya-ol ilc impcisonalisi
ilcoiy; lcyaivcna-ilc siaius ol bcing woiily io bc icjccicd; vivalsiiaivai-bccausc
ol dcsiiing io say.
Many quoics may bc gailcicd liom ilc sciipiuics io piovc ilai ilc
impcisonalisi idca ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad docs noi lcad io linal
libciaiion. Ioi cxamplc, in ilc picvious clapici ol llagavad-gïia ii is said ilai ilc
impcisonalisi ilcoiy slould bc icjccicd. Tlcic ii is said (llagavad-gïia 12.1-2):
"Aijuna inquiicd: Wlicl is considcicd io bc moic pcilcci: ilosc wlo aic
piopcily cngagcd in Youi dcvoiional scivicc, oi ilosc wlo woislip ilc impcisonal
lialman, ilc unmanilcsicd'¯
"Tlc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad said: Hc wlosc mind is lixcd on My
pcisonal loim, always cngagcd in woisliping Mc wiil gicai and iiansccndcnial
laiil, is considcicd by Mc io bc mosi pcilcci."¯
Tcxi 20
iaiiaiva ca yc iu saivani laimani iiy-adinananya-blalian uddisya icsam alam
samuddlaiia miiyu-samsaia-sagaiai iiy ancna iaj-jnanapclsapi nadiicii.
iaiiaiva ca yc iu saivani laimani iiy-adinananya-blalian uddisya icsam alam
samuddlaiia miiyu-samsaia-sagaiai iiy ancna iaj-jnanapclsapi nadiicii.
Tlc impcisonalisi ilcoiy is also ciiiicizcd in ilcsc woids spolcn by ilc
Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad Himscll (llagavad-gïia 12.6-7):
"Ioi onc wlo woislips Mc, giving up all lis aciiviiics unio Mc and bcing
dcvoicd io Mc wiiloui dcviaiion, cngagcd in dcvoiional scivicc and always
mcdiiaiing upon Mc, wlo las lixcd lis mind upon Mc, O son ol Piila, loi lim I
am ilc swili dclivcici liom ilc occan ol biiil and dcail."¯
Tcxi 21
iad uliam cladasc svayam-blagavaia yai laimablii yai iapasa iiy adi.
iad uliam cladasc svayam-blagavaia yai laimablii yai iapasa iiy adi-Siïmad-
llagavaiam 11.20.32-33.
Tlc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad again ciiiicizcs ii in ilcsc woids (Siïmad-
llagavaiam 11.20.32-33):
"Lvciyiling ilai can bc aclicvcd by liuiiivc aciiviiics, pcnancc, lnowlcdgc,
dciaclmcni, mysiic yoga, claiiiy, icligious duiics, and all oilci mcans ol
pcilcciing lilc is casily aclicvcd by My dcvoicc iliougl loving scivicc unio Mc. Il
somclow oi oilci My dcvoicc dcsiics piomoiion io lcavcn, libciaiion, oi
icsidcncc in My abodc, lc casily aclicvcs sucl bcncdiciions."¯¯¯
Tcxi 22
molsa-dlaimc ca
ya vai sadlana-sampaiiil
puiusaiila-caiusiayc
iaya vina iad apnoii
naio naiayanasiayal. iii.
molsa-dlaimc-in ilc Molsa-dlaima; ca-and; ya-wlicl; vai-indccd; sadlana-
sampaiiil-ilc icsuli ol icligious piaciicc; puiusaiila-ilc goal ol lilc; caiusiayc-
louilold; iaya-by ilai; vina-wiiloui; iai-ilai; apnoii-aiiains; naial-a pcison;
naiayanasiayal.-wlo las ialcn slcwlici ol Loid Naiayana; iii-ilus.
Tlis is also conliimcd by ilc lollowing woids ol Siï Molsa-dlaima:
"A pcison wlo ialcs slclici ol Loid Naiayana aiiains ilc loui goals ol lilc. Hc
docs noi nccd io pciloim any oilci spiiiiual aciiviiics oilci ilan ialing slclici ol
ilc Loid."
Tcxi 23
aiia iu puivadlyaya-vislagliiam iad cvaviila-laiium sa-viscsaiaya niidisya
aiia-lcic; iu-bui; puivadlyaya-ilc picvious clapici; vislagliiam-piaiscd; iai-
ilai; cva-indccd; aviila-noi usclcss; laiium-io malc; sa-viscsaiaya-wiil ilc
pcisonalisi idca ol spiiiiual vaiiciy; niidisya-indicaiing.
So ilc picvious clapici's (Clapici 12 ol llagavad-gïia) piaisc ol ilc pcisonal
conccpiion ol God slall noi go in vain, ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad again
piaiscs ilc pcisonalisi idca in ilcsc woids (llagavad-gïia 13.S):
Tcxi 2+
iii lsciiam iaila jnanam
jncyam coliam samasaial
mad-blalia ciad vijnaya
mad-blavayopapadyaic
iii-ilus; lsciiam-licld ol aciiviiics (ilc body); iaila-also; jnanam-lnowlcdgc;
jncyam-lnowablc; ca-also; uliam-dcsciibc; samasaial-in summaiy; mad-blalial-
My dcvoicc; ciai-allilis; vijnaya-alici undcisianding; mad-blavaya-My naiuic;
upapadyaic-aiiains.
"Tlus ilc licld ol aciiviiics (ilc body), lnowlcdgc, and ilc lnowablc lavc bccn
summaiily dcsciibcd by Mc. Only My dcvoiccs can undcisiand ilis iloiouglly
and ilus aiiain io My naiuic."¯
Tcxi 25
iiy anicna blalii-samvaliiaiaya sulaiaiila-piayam liiam. aia cvaiia vyasii-
lsciiajna cva blaliaivcna niidisial. samasii-lsciiajnas iu jncyaivcncii lsciia-
lsciiajna-jnanablyam sala jncyasya pailad anusmaiya iad-ananiaiam ca iasya
iasya ca jïvaivam ïsvaiaivam ca lsaiam ncii daisiiam.
iii-ilus; anicna-cnding; blalii-samvaliiaiaya-mixcd wiil dcvoiional scivicc;
sulaiaiila-piayam-casily donc; liiam-donc; aia cva-ilcicloic; aiia-lcic; vyasii-ilc
individual; lsciiajna-lnowci ol ilc licld; cva-indccd; blaliaivcna-as a dcvoicc;
niidisial.-is indicaicd; samasii-cumulaiivc; lsciiajnal-lnowci ol ilc licld; iu-
indccd; jncyaivcna-as ilc objcci ol lnowlcdgc; iii-ilus; lsciia-lsciiajna-ol ilc
licld and ilc lnowci ol ilc licld; jnanablyam-boil linds ol lnowlcdgc; sala-wiil;
jncyasya-ol ilc objcci ol lnowlcdgc; pailai-liom ilc dcsciipiion ol sciipiuic;
anusmaiya-liom ilc smiii-sasiia; iai-ilai; ananiaiam-alici; ca-also; iasya-ol ilai;
iasya-ol ilai; ca-also; jïvaivam-ilc naiuic ol ilc individual spiiii soul; ïsvaiaivam-
ilc naiuic ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; ca-also; lsaiam-ilc lalliblc; na-
noi; iii-ilus; daisiiam-slown.
Tlus ii is cxplaincd ilai by cngaging in dcvoiional scivicc onc may casily
undcisiand all ilis. Tlc lnowci ol onc licld ol aciiviiics (body) is ilc individual
soul, ilc dcvoicc ol ilc Loid. Tlc lnowci ol all liclds ol aciiviiics (bodics) is ilc
Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad, wlo is ilc objcci ol lnowlcdgc loi ilc
individual souls. Tlc iiuil aboui ilc licld ol aciiviiics (ilc body) and ilc lnowci
ol ilc licld (ilc spiiii soul) slould bc undcisiood by siudying ilc sciipiuics. Tlc
individual spiiii soul is ilus onc pcison and ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad
is a dillcicni pcison. Tlc sciipiuics icvcal ilai ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad is ncvci lalliblc.
Tcxi 26
yaial
puiusal pialiii-silo li
blunlic pialiii-silan gunan
laianam guna-sango 'sya
sad-asad-yoni-janmasu
yaial-bccausc; puiusal-ilc living cniiiy; pialiii-silal-bcing siiuaicd in ilc
maiciial cncigy; li-cciiainly; blunlic-cnjoys; pialiii-silan-pioduccd by ilc
maiciial naiuic; gunan-modcs lo naiuic; laianam-causc; guna-sangal-associaiion
wiil ilc modcs ol naiuic; asya-ol ilc living cniiiy; sad-asai-good and bad; yoni-
spccics ol lilc; janmasu-biiil.
Tlc lalliblc individual spiiii soul wlo icsidcs in ilc maiciial woild is dcsciibcd
in ilcsc woids ol llagavad-gïia (13.22):
"Tlc living cniiiy in maiciial naiuic ilus lollows ilc ways ol lilc, cnjoying ilc
ilicc modcs ol naiuic. Tlis is duc io lis associaiion wiil ilc maiciial naiuic.
Tlus lc mccis wiil good and cvil amongsi vaiious spccics."¯
Tcxi 27
iii jïvasya pialiii-silaivam niidisya svaias iasyapialiiaiva-daisanaya spluiam
cvalsaiaivam jnapiiam
iii-ilus; jïvasya-ol ilc individual soul; pialiii-silaivam-ilc siiuaiion in ilc
maiciial woild; niidisya-dcsciibing; svaial-pcisonally; iasya-ol lim; apialiiaiva-
ilc siiuaiion bcyond ilc maiciial woild; daisanaya-io icvcal; spluiam-clcaily; cva-
indccd; alsaiaivam-inlallibiliiy; jnapiiam-iaugli.
In ilis way ilc individual soul in ilc maiciial woild is dcsciibcd. To icvcal ilc
iiuil aboui ilc woild bcyond ilc icalm ol maiici, ilc cicinal and inlalliblc
Supicmc Loid is dcsciibcd in ilcsc woids (llagavad-gïia 13.23):
Tcxi 2S
upadiasianumania ca
blaiia blolia malcsvaial
paiamaimcii capy ulio
dclc 'smin puiusal paial
upadiasia-ovciscci; anumania-pcimiiici; ca-also; blaiia-masici; blolia-
supicmc cnjoyci; malcsvaial-ilc Supicmc Loid; paiamaima-Supcisoul; iii-ilus;
ca-and; api-also; ulial-is said; dclc-in ilis body; asmin-ilis; puiusal-cnjoyci;
paial-iiansccndcnial.
"Yci in ilis body ilcic is anoilci, a iiansccndcnial cnjoyci, wlo is ilc Loid,
ilc supicmc piopiicioi, wlo cxisis as ilc ovciscci and pcimiiici, and wlo is
lnown as ilc Supcisoul."¯
Tcxi 29
iii jïvai paiaivcna niidisiasya paiamaimallya-puiusasya iu laimuiycnaiva iad
daisiiam
iii-ilus; jïvai-io ilc individual soul; paiaivcna-supciioi; niidisiasya-cxplaincd;
paiamaimallya-callcd ilc Supcisoul; puiusasya-ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad; iu-bui; laimuiycnaiva-low mucl gicaici'; iai-ilai; daisiiam-icvcalcd.
Supciioi io ilc individual soul is ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad, wlo
appcais lcic in a loim callcd "Paiamaima" (ilc Supcisoul). How mucl is ilc
Supcisoul supciioi io ilc individual soul' Tlc llagavad-gïia (15.16-17) icvcals:
Tcxi 30
dvav imau puiusau lolc
lsaias calsaia cva ca
lsaial saivani bluiani
luia-silo 'lsaia ucyaic
dvau-iwo; imau-in ilis (woild); puiusau-living cniiiics; lolc-in ilc woild;
lsaial-lalliblc; ca-and; alsaia-inlalliblc; cva-cciiainly; ca-and; lsaial-ilc lalliblc;
saivani-all; bluiani-living cniiiics; luia-silal-in oncncss; alsaia-inlalliblc; ucyaic-
is said.
"Tlcic aic iwo classcs ol bcings, ilc lalliblc and ilc inlalliblc. In ilc maiciial
woild cvciy cniiiy is lalliblc, and in ilc spiiiiual woild cvciy cniiiy is callcd
inlalliblc.¯
Tcxi 31
uiiamal puiusas iv anyal
paiamaimciy udaliial
yo lola-iiayam avisya
biblaiiy avyaya ïsvaial
uiiamal-ilc bcsi; puiusal-pcisonaliiy; iv-bui; anyal-anoilci; paiama-ilc
supicmc; aima-Scll; iii-ilus; udaliial-said; yal-onc wlo; lola-ol ilc univcisc;
iiayam-ilc ilicc divisions; avisya-cniciing; biblaiii-mainiaining; avyaya-
incxlausiiblc; ïsvaial-ilc Loid.
"lcsidcs ilcsc iwo, ilcic is ilc gicaicsi living pcisonaliiy, ilc Loid Himscll,
wlo las cnicicd inio ilcsc woilds and is mainiaining ilcm."¯
Tcxi 32
iiy aiia jïvasyapy alsaiaivam laniloliam cva. iaiiopadiasia paiama-salsï.
anumania iai-iai-laimanuiupal piavaiialal. blaiia posalal. blolia palayiia.
malcsvaial saivadlilaiia. paiamaima saivaniaiyamïii vyallycyam.
iii-ilus; aiia-lcic; jïvasya-ol ilc individual soul; api-also; alsaiaivam-
inlallibiliiy; laniloliam-pcisonal icsiimony; cva-indccd; iaiia-ilcic; upadiasia-
upadiasia; paiama-salsï.-supicmc wiincs; anumania-anumania; iai-iai-
laimanuiupal-in iclaiion io vaiious aciiviiics; piavaiialal-ilc insiigaioi; blaiia-
blaiia; posalal.-ilc mainiainci; blolia-blolia; palayiia.-ilc pioiccioi;
malcsvaial-malcsvaia; saivadlilaiia-ilc coniiollci ol all; paiamaima-paiamaima;
saivaniaiyamï-wlo icsidcs in cvciyonc's lcaii; iii-ilus; vyallycyam.-io bc
cxplaincd.
In ilcsc woids ilc Loid Himscll dcclaics ilai ilc individual spiiii soul is also
inlalliblc. In llagavad-gïia 13.23, upadiasia" mcans "ilc supicmc wiincss",
anumania" mcans "ilc pcimiiici ol vaiious aciiviiics", "blaiia" mcans "ilc
mainiainci", "blolia" mcans "ilc pioiccioi", malcsvaial" mcans "ilc iulci ol
all", paiamaima" mcans "ilc Supcisoul wlo icsidcs in ilc lcaiis ol all".
Tcxi 33
uiiaia-padyayos iu luiasilal cla-iupaiaya iu yal lala-vyapï sa luiasilal iiy
amaia-losad avagaiaiilal. asau suddla-jïva cva uiiamal puiusas iv anyal iiy
uiiaiai.
uiiaia-padyayol-in ilc ncxi iwo vciscs; iu-indccd; luiasilal-luiasila; cla-
iupaiaya-wiil onc loim; iu-indccd; yal-wlo; lala-iimc; vyapï-pcivading; sa-lc;
luiasilal-luiasila; iii-ilus; amaia-losai-liom Amaia-losa; avagaiaiilal.-ilc
mcaning is undcisiood; asau-ilis; suddla-puic; jïva-soul; cva-indccd; uiiamal-
supciioi; puiusal-pcison; iv-indccd; anyal-anoilci; iii-ilus; uiiaiai-liom ilc
bciici.
In ilc lollowing iwo vciscs (llagavad-gïia 15.16-17) ilc woid "luiasilal" is
dclincd by ilc Amaia-losa diciionaiy in ilcsc woids:
"Tlc woid luiasilal' mcans Hc wlosc loim docs noi clangc in ilc couisc ol
iimc'."
Tlc "luiasilal" is ilus ilc puic, libciaicd individual soul. Tlc Loid ilcn says
"uiiamal puiusas iv anyal" (Abovc cvcn ilc libciaicd soul is ilc gicaicsi living
pcisonaliiy, ilc Loid Himscll).
Tcxi 3+
iad cvam aiiapi lsciia-lsciiajna-saiva-lsciiajna ulial. aiia coiiaiayoi anya iiy
ancna blinnayoi cva saioi alsaiayoi na iai-iad-iupaia-paiiiyagal samblavcd iii na
ladacid api niiviscsa-iupcnavasiliiii iii daisiiam.
iai-ilai; cvam-ilus; aiia-lcic; api-also; lsciia-lsciiajna-ol ilc licld and ilc
lnowci olilc licld; saiva-lsciiajna-ilc lnowci ol all liclds; ulial.-said; aiia-lcic;
ca-and; uiiaiayol-in ilc lollowing iwo; anya-anoilci; iii-ilus; ancna-by ilis;
blinnayol-dillcicni; cva-indccd; saiol-ol ilc iwo bcings; alsaiayol-inlalliblc; na-
noi; iai-iad-iupaia-ilc vaiious loims; paiiiyagal-abandonmcni; samblavci-may
bc; iii-ilus; na-noi; ladacii-cvci; api-also; niiviscsa-iupcnavasiliiil-ilc siiuaiion
ol laving a loim wiiloui qualiiics; iii-ilus; daisiiam-icvcalcd.
In ilis way ilc licld ol aciiviiics (ilc body), ilc lnowci ol ilai licld, and ilc
lnowci ol all liclds (all bodics) aic dcsciibcd. In ilc lollowing iwo vciscs
(llagavad-gïia 15.16-17) ilc woid "anyal" (anoilci) indicaics ilai ilcic aic iwo
disiinci inlalliblc bcings. Tlus in libciaiion ilc individual soul docs noi bccomc
loimlcss. Tlus ii is icvcalcd ilai ilc Supicmc and ilc individual soul aic ncvci
loimlcss.
Tcxi 35
iasmai mad-blavayopapadyaic iii yad uliam. iad api iai-saisii-piapii-
iaipaiyalam. iad cvam dvayoi alsaiaivcna samyc 'pi jïvasya lïna-saliiivai pialiiy-
avisiasya ian-niviiiy-aiilam ïsvaia cva blajanïyaivcna jncya iii blaval.
iasmai-ilcicloic; mad-blavayopapadyaic-"mad-blavayopapadyaic"; iii-ilus;
yai-wlicl; uliam.-said; iai-ilai; api-also; iai-ol Him; saisii-ilc libciaiion ol
posscssing opulcnccs lilc ilosc ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; piapii-
aiiainmcni; iaipaiyalam-ilc mcaning; iai-ilai; cvam-ilus; dvayol-ol boil;
alsaiaivcna-wiil inlallibiliiy; samyc-in cqualiiy; api-cvcn; jïvasya-ol ilc individual
spiiii soul; lïna-wiiloui; saliiivai-bccausc ol ilc naiuic ol poicncy; pialiii-inio
maiici; avisiasya-cnicicd; ian-niviiiy-aiilam-loi ilc salc ol icnouncing ilai;
ïsvaia-ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; cva-indccd; blajanïyaivcna-bccausc ol
bcing ilc objcci ol woislip; jncya-io bc lnown; iii-ilus; blaval-ilc mcaning.
Alilougl ilc Loid clcaily says (llagavad-gïia 13.19) mad-blavayopapadyaic"
(ilc dcvoiccs aiiain io My naiuic), ilc mcaning lcic is ilai ilc dcvoiccs aiiain
iiansccndcnial opulcnccs lilc ilosc ol ilc Loid Himscll, noi ilai ilcy bccomc ilc
Loid. Alilougl ilc Loid and ilc individual soul aic boil cqually inlalliblc, ilc
individual soul is noi as powcilul as ilc Loid. Tlai is wly ilc individual soul is
iiappcd in ilc maiciial woild and wly, in oidci io bccomc licc ol ilai iiap ol
maiciial cxisicncc, ilc individual soul musi woislip ilc Supicmc Loid. Tlai is ilc
mcaning.
Tcxi 36
iasmai idam saiïiam iiy adilam punai iiilam vivccanïyam. idam iii sva-
svapaiolsam iiy aiilal. saiïia-lsciiayoi clailaivcna gialanam aiia vyalii-
paiyavasancna jaii-puiaslaicnaivcii gamyaic saiva-lsciicsu iii balu-
vacancnanuvadai.
iasmai-ilcicloic; idam saiïiam iiy adilam-llagavad-giia 13.2; punal-again;
iiilam-ilus; vivccanïyam-io bc considcicd; idam-idam; iii-ilus; sva-svapaiolsam-
visiblc; iii-ilus; aiilal.-ilc mcaning; saiïia-ol ilc body; lsciiayol-ol ilc iwo
liclds; clailaivcna-wiil oncncss; gialanam-io bc acccpicd; aiia-lcic; vyalii-
manilcsiaiion; paiyavasancna-wiil ilc dciciminaiion; jaii-biiil; puiaslaicna-
placing liisi; cva-indccd; iii-ilus; gamyaic-is aiiaincd; saiva-lsciicsu-in all liclds;
iii-ilus; balu-vacancna-by ilc ilc pluial numbci; anuvadai-liom ilc siaicmcni.
Lci us now considci again ilc siaicmcni ol llagavad-gïia 13.2 ("Tlis body, O
son ol Kuniï, is callcd ilc licld, and onc wlo lnows ilis body is callcd ilc lnowci
ol ilc licld."¯). Tlc woid "idam" (ilis) mcans "ilis iling ilai is diiccily
pciccivcd". Tlc woid "saiva-lsciicsu" (in all bodics) in llagavad-giia 13.3 is
pluial bccausc ilc condiiioncd soul in ilc maiciial acccpis many scis ol iwo
maiciial bodics, onc alici anoilci.
Noic: Tlc condiiioncd soul las iwo maiciial bodics: 1. ilc subilc body ol mind,
iniclligcncc and lalsc cgo, and 2. ilc gioss body ol scnscs and limbs.
Tcxi 37
ciad yo vciii iiy aiia dclo 'savo 'lsa manaval iiy adau saivam puman vcda
gunams ca iaj-jnal iiy ulia-disa lsciiajna cia manaso vibluiïl iiy ulia-disa ca
janaiïiy aiilal.
ciad yo vciii iiy aiia-in llagavad-giia 13.2; dclo 'savo 'lsa manaval iiy adau
saivam puman vcda gunams ca iaj-jnal iiy ulia-disa-Siïmad-llagavaiam 6.+.25;
lsciiajna cia manaso vibluiïl iiy ulia-disa-Siïmad-llagavaiam 5.11.12-13; ca-
also; janaii-lnows; iii-ilus; aiilal-ilc mcaning.
Tlcsc siaicmcnis ol llagavad-gïia 13.2 aic conliimcd by ilc lollowing woids
ol Siïmad-llagavaiam (6.+.25):
"lccausc ilcy aic only maiici, ilc body, ilc lilc aiis, ilc cxicinal and inicinal
scnscs, ilc livc gioss clcmcnis, and ilc subilc scnsc objccis (loim, iasic, smcll,
sound, and ioucl) cannoi lnow ilcii own naiuic, ilc naiuic ol ilc oilci scnscs,
oi ilc naiuic ol ilcii coniiollcis. lui ilc living bcing, bccausc ol lis spiiiiual
naiuic, can lnow lis body, ilc lilc aiis, ilc scnscs, ilc clcmcnis, and ilc scnsc
objccis, and lc can also lnow ilc ilicc qualiiics ilai loim ilcii ioois.
Ncvciilclcss, alilougl ilc living bcing is complcicly awaic ol ilcm, lc is unablc
io scc ilc Supicmc lcing, wlo is omniscicni and unlimiicd. I ilcicloic ollci my
icspccilul obcisanccs unio Him."¯
Tlcsc siaicmcnis aic again conliimcd by ilcsc woids ol Siïmad-llagavaiam
(5.11.12-13):
"Tlc individual soul bcicli ol Kisna consciousncss las many idcas and
aciiviiics cicaicd in ilc mind by ilc cxicinal cncigy. Tlcy lavc bccn cxisiing liom
iimc immcmoiial. Somciimcs ilcy aic manilcsi in ilc walcning siaic and in ilc
dicam siaic, bui duiing dccp slccp (unconsciousncss) oi iiancc, ilcy disappcai. A
pcison wlo is libciaicd in ilis lilc (jïvan-mulia) can scc all ilcsc ilings vividly.¯
"Tlcic aic iwo linds ol lsciiajna: ilc living cniiiy, as cxplaincd abovc, and ilc
Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad, wlo is cxplaincd as lollows. Hc is ilc all-
pcivading causc ol cicaiion. Hc is lull in Himscll and is noi dcpcndcni on oilcis.
Hc is pciccivcd by lcaiing and diicci pciccpiion. Hc is scll-cllulgcni and docs noi
cxpciicncc biiil, dcail, old-agc, oi discasc. Hc is ilc coniiollci ol all ilc
dcmigods, bcginning wiil Loid lialma. Hc is callcd Naiayana and Hc is ilc
slclici ol living cniiiics alici ilc annililaiion ol ilc maiciial woild. Hc is lull ol all
opulcnccs and Hc is ilc icsiing placc ol cvciyiling maiciial. Hc is ilcicloic
lnown as Vasudcva, ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad."¯
Tcxi 3S
lsciiajnam capi mam viddli iiy aiia mam svayam blagavaniam cva saivcsv api
samasii-vyasii-iupcsu lsciicsu. na iu puiva-lsciiajna-vai nija-nija-lsciia cva
lsciiajnam ca viddlïii.
lsciiajnam capi mam viddli iiy aiia-in ilc woids lsciiajnam capi mam viddli;
mam-mam; svayam-pcisonally; blagavaniam-ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad;
cva-indccd; saivcsv-in all; api-also; samasii-vyasii-iupcsu-in individual loims and
in ilc ioialiiy ol all loims; lsciicsu-in liclds; na-noi; iu-bui; puiva-lsciiajna-vai-
lilc ilc picvious lnowci ol ilc licld; nija-nija-lsciia-cacl in lis own licld; cva-
indccd; lsciiajnam-ilc lnowci ol ilc licld; ca-and; viddli-plcasc lnow; iii-ilus.
In llagavad-gïia 13.3 ilc Supicmc Loid's dcclaiaiion lsciiajnam capi mam
viddli" (You slould undcisiand ilai I am also ilc lnowci in all bodics) mcans
ilai ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad lnows wlai is lappcning in cvciy body
and in ilc cniiic univcisc as a wlolc. In ilis way Hc is noi lilc ilc individual
spiiii souls, wlo cacl lnow only wlai lis lappcning wiilin lis own limiicd
splcic ol pciccpiion.
Tcxi 39
iad uliam visiablyalam idam liisnam clamscna siliio jagai iii.
iad uliam visiablyalam idam liisnam clamscna siliio jagai iii-llagavad-giia
10.+2.
Tlc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad again dcclaics ilis in ilcsc woids
(llagavad-gïia 10.+2):
"Wiil a singlc liagmcni ol Myscll I pcivadc and suppoii ilis cniiic cicaiion."¯
Tcxi +0
yaiia gaiy-aniaiam nasii. iaiiaiva lalsanamaya-lasiam asiiyaic. iailapi icna
samanadlilaianyam yadi vivalsiiam syai iaili lsciiajnam capi mam viddli iiy
ciavad cva iam ca mam viddlïiy ciavad cva va piocyaic. na iu saiva-lsciicsu
blaiaiciy adlilam api. liniu lsciiajna cia manaso vibluiïl iiy adi-vai lsciiajna-
dvayam api valiavyam cva syai. iaila ca bialma-suiiam gulam piavisiav aimanau
li iad-daisanai iii.
yaiia-wlcic; gaii-goal; aniaiam-anoilci; na-noi; asii-is; iaiia-ilcic; cva-indccd;
lalsanamaya-consisiing ol claiaciciisiics; lasiam-dilliculiy; asiiyaic-is aiiaincd;
iailapi-ncvciilclcss; icna-by ilis; samanadlilaianyam-cqualiiy; yadi-il;
vivalsiiam-wislcd io bc said; syai-may bc; iaili-ilcn; lsciiajnam capi mam viddli
iii-ilc woids lsciiajnam capi mam viddli; ciavai-lilc ilai; cva-indccd; iam-Him;
ca-and; mam-Mc; viddli-plcasc lnow; iii-ilus; ciavai-lilc ilai; cva-indccd; va-oi;
piocyaic.-is said; na-noi; iu-bui; saiva-lsciicsu-in all liclds; blaiaia-O blaiaia; iii-
ilus; adlilam-bcginning; api.-also; liniu-lowcvci; lsciiajna cia manaso vibluiïl
iiy adi-Siïmad-llagavaiam 5.11.12; vai-lilc; lsciiajna-dvayam-iwo lnowcis ol ilc
licld; api-also; valiavyam-io bc said; cva-indccd; syai-may bc; iaila-so; ca-and;
bialma-suiiam-Vcdania-suiia; gulam-ilc cavc ol ilc lcaii; piavisiav-cnicicd;
aimanau-iwo souls; li-indccd; iad-daisanai-liom ilc dcsciipiion ol ilc sciipiuics;
iii.-ilus.
In ilis passagc (llagavad-gïia 13.3) ilcic is no objcci oilci ilan "mam" (Mc).
Tlcicloic lcic ii is dilliculi io icjcci ilc diicci, liicial inicipiciaiion and acccpi
insicad a sccondaiy, allcgoiical, iound-aboui inicipiciaiion ol ilcsc woids. Il onc
insisis on iiying io inicipici ilcsc woids in sucl a way ilai ilcy may alliim ilai
ilc individual soul is idcniical wiil ilc Supicmc, ilc only way lc can do ii is by
ic-wiiiing ilc clcai siaicmcni "lsciiajnam capi mam viddli" (You slould
undcisiand ilai I am also ilc lnowci in all bodics) so ilai ii icads insicad
"lsciiajnam iam capi mam viddli" (You slould undcisiand ilai ilc individual
soul and I aic ilc lnowcis in all bodics). Howcvci, ii is noi possiblc io ilus ic-
wiiic ilc woids ol sciipiuic, and ilus ii is noi possiblc io say ilai anyonc bui ilc
Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad is ilc lnowci in all bodics, as ilc woids "saiva-
lsciicsu blaiaia" dcclaic. Tlcicloic ii musi bc said ilai iwo dillcicni pcisons aic
lnowcis ol ilc licld ol aciiviiics Tlis is conliimcd by Siïmad-llagavaiam 5.11.12-
13 (quoicd lcic in icxi 37) and ii is also conliimcd by ilcsc woids ol Vcdania-
suiia (1.2.11):
gulam piavisiav aimanau li iad-daisanai iii.
"Two pcisons icsidc in ilc lcaii, loi ilai is ilc conclusion ol sciipiuic."
Tcxi +1
iad-vaividlyam cva copasamliiam puiusal pialiii-silo li iiy-adina. iasmad
upaliamaiilasyopasamlaiadlïnaivad csa cvaiilal samanjasal. yailoliam
bialma-suiia-lidblil asad-vyapadcan ncii ccn na dlaimaniaicna valya-scsai iii.
iai-ilai; vaividlyam-vaiiciy; cva-indccd; ca-also; upasamliiam-concludcd;
puiusal pialiii-silo li iiy-adina-in llagavad-giia 13.22; iasmai-ilcicloic;
upaliama-bcginning; aiilasya-ol ilc mcaning; upasamlaia-conclusion;
adlïnaivai-bccausc ol dcpcndcncc; csa-ilis; cva-indccd; aiilal-ilc mcaning;
samanjasal-piopcily; yaila-as; uliam-said; bialma-suiia-lidblil-by ilc
disiinguislcd auiloi ol Vcdania-suiia; asai-non-cxisicncc; vyapadcai-bccausc ol
ilc icacling; na-noi; iii-ilus; cci-il; na-noi; dlaima-naiuic; aniaicna-by anoilci;
valya-ol ilc woids; scsai-bccausc ol ilc icmaindci; iii-ilus.
Tlai ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad and ilc individual spiiii soul aic
dillcicni pcisons may bc inlciicd by ilis dcsciipiion ol ilc condiiioncd soul
(llagavad-gïia 13.22):
"Tlc living cniiiy in maiciial naiuic ilus lollows ilc ways ol lilc, cnjoying ilc
ilicc modcs ol naiuic. Tlis is duc io lis associaiion wiil ilai maiciial naiuic.
Tlus lc mccis wiil good and cvil amongsi vaiious spccics."¯
Tlai ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad and ilc individual spiiii soul aic
dillcicni pcisons is cxplaincd again and again in all ilc sciipiuics, liom ilc
bcginning io ilc cnd. Ioi cxamplc, ilc auiloi ol Vcdania-suiia (Vcdania-suiia
2.1.17) dcclaics:
"Il somconc says ilai ilc individual soul and ilc Supicmc aic noi dillcicni,
ilcn I icply: No. Tlai cannoi bc so, loi all ilc sciipiuics dcclaic ilai ilcy lavc
vciy dillcicni naiuics."
Tcxi +2
aila lsciia-lsciiajnayoi jnanam iiy aiia yai lsciic jnancndiiya-gaiam
icnagaiam ca jnanam daisayisyaic. yac ca puivaiia-lsciiajnc nija-nija-lsciia-
jnanam daisiiam. iai-ian-maj-jnanamsasya lsciicsu claya-iupaivai lsciiajncsu yai
lincid amsamsaiaya piavcan mamaiva jnanam maiam iii. iasmai sadluliam
mullyam lsciiajnaivam paiamaimany cvcii.
aila-now; lsciia-lsciiajnayoi jnanam iiy aiia-in llagavad-giia 13.3; yai-wlai;
lsciic-in ilc licld ol aciiviiics; jnancndiiya-io ilc lnowlcdgc-acquiiing scnscs;
gaiam-gonc; icna-by ilai; agaiam-aiiivcd; ca-and; jnanam-lnowlcdgc;
daisayisyaic-will bc slown; yai-wlai; ca-and; puivaiia-in ilc picvious placc;
lsciiajnc-in ilc lnowci ol ilc licld; nija-nija-cacl in lis own; lsciia-licld;
jnanam-lnowlcdgc; daisiiam.-is slown; iai-iai-vaiious; mai-ol Mc; jnana-ol
lnowlcdgc; amsasya-ol a paii; lsciicsu-in liclds ol aciiviiy; claya-iupaivai-bccausc
ol laving ilc loim ol a sladow; lsciiajncsu-among ilc lnowcis ol ilc liclds; yai-
wlai; lincii-somciling; amsa-amsaiaya-as ilc paii ol a paii; piavcan-cniiancc;
mama-ol Mc; cva-indccd; jnanam-lnowlcdgc; maiam-opinion; iii.-ilus; iasmai-
ilcicloic; sadlu-wcll; uliam-said; mullyam-piimaiy mcaning; lsciiajnaivam-ilc
siaic ol bcing ilc lnowci ol ilc licld; paiamaimani-in ilc Supcisoul; cva-indccd;
iii-ilus.
Tlc licld ol aciiviiics dcsciibcd in llagavad-gïia 13.3 is ilc paii ol ilc woild
ilai is pciccivcd by ilc lnowlcdgc-acquiiing scnscs. Tlc lnowlcdgc ilus obiaincd
will bc luiilci dcsciibcd laici in ilis bool. As was picviously cxplaincd, cacl
individual soul las diicci lnowlcdgc only ol lis own small licld ol pciccpiion.
Tlus ilc lnowlcdgc obiaincd by ilc individual soul is only a sladow ol ilc
lnowlcdgc obiaincd by ilc Loid. Tlc individual soul las only a vciy small paii ol
a paii ol ilc lnowlcdgc posscsscd by ilc Supicmc Loid. Tlcicloic ii is iiuly said
ilai ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad is ilc piimaiy, ilc mosi impoiiani
lnowci ol ilc licld ol aciion.
Tcxi +3
aiia siï-blagavaial paiamaima-iupcnaviiblavo 'pi ajani ca yanmayam iad
avimucya niyanii blavci iiy ulia-disa salii-viscsalingiiad yasmad cvamsaj jïvanam
aviiblavas icnaivcii jncyam.
aiia-lcic; siï-blagavaial-ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; paiamaima-
iupcna-in ilc loim ol ilc Supcisoul; aviiblaval-appcaiancc; api-cvcn; ajani ca
yanmayam iad avimucya niyanii blavci iiy ulia-disa-in Siïmad-llagavaiam
10.S7.30; salii-poicncy; viscsa-spccilic; alingiiai-bccausc ol bcing cmbiaccd;
yasmai-bccausc; cva-indccd; amsai-bccausc ol a paii; jïvanam-ol ilc individual
spiiii souls; aviiblaval-manilcsiaiion; icna-by Him; cva-indccd; iii-ilus; jncyam-
io bc lnown.
Tlc Supcisoul dcsciibcd lcic is a diicci manilcsiaiion ol ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad. Tlc individual spiiii souls aic poicncics ol ilc Loid. Tlcy
aic paiis and paiccls ol ilc Loid. Tlis is dcsciibcd in ilc lollowing piayci ol
Siïmad-llagavaiam (10.S7.30):
"O Supicmc cicinal! Il ilc cmbodicd living cniiiics wcic cicinal and all-
pcivading lilc You, ilcn ilcy would noi bc undci Youi coniiol. lui il ilc living
cniiiics aic acccpicd as minuic cncigics ol Youi Loidslip, ilcn ilcy aic ai oncc
subjcci io Youi supicmc coniiol. Tlcicloic, ical libciaiion cniails suiicndci by ilc
living cniiiics io Youi coniiol, and ilai suiicndci will malc ilcm lappy. In ilai
consiiiuiional posiiion only can ilcy bc coniiollcis. Tlcicloic, mcn wiil limiicd
lnowlcdgc wlo advocaic ilc monisiic ilcoiy ilai God and ilc living cniiiics aic
cqual in all icspccis aic aciually mislcading ilcmsclvcs and oilcis."¯
Tcxi ++
iad uliam iaiiaiva visiablyalam idam liisnam clamscna siliio jagai iiy adi.
iai-ilai; uliam-said; iaiia-ilcic; cva-indccd; visiablyalam idam liisnam
clamscna siliio jagai iiy adi-llagavad-giia 10.+2.
Tlai ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad and ilc individual spiiii soul aic
dillcicni may also bc inlciicd by ilcsc woids spolcn by ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy
ol Godlcad Himscll (llagavad-gïia 10.+2):
"Wiil a singlc liagmcni ol Myscll I pcivadc and suppoii ilis cniiic univcisc."¯
Tcxi +5
siï-visnu-puianc ca
yasyayuiayuiamsamsc
visva-saliii iyam siliia
paia-bialma-svaiupasya
pianamama iam avyayam iii.
siï-visnu-puianc-in Siï Visnu Puiana; ca-also; yasya-ol wlom; ayuia-ayuia-ol a
ilousands olilousands; amsa-ol a paii; amsc-ol a paii; visva-saliil-ilc poicncy ol
ilc univcisc; iyam-ilis; siliia-siiuaicd; paia-bialma-svaiupasya-ol ilc loim lo ilc
Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; pianamama-I bow down; iam-io Him; avyayam-
cicinal and unclanging; iii.-ilus.
Tlis dillcicncc may also bc inlciicd liom ilc lollowing woids ol Siï Visnu
Puiana (1.9.52):
"I bow down bcloic ilc cicinal and clangclcss Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad, wlosc loim is spiiiiual. ly a million-millionil paii ol His powci ilc
maiciial woild is manilcsicd."
Tcxi +6
puina-suddla-saliis iu lala-lasila-nimcsadi iiy ancna daisiia.
puina-pcilcci; suddla-puic; saliil-poicncy; iu-indccd; lala-lasila-nimcsadi
iii-ilus; ancna-by ilis; daisiia-icvcalcd.
Tlc pcilcci and puic poicncy ol ilc Loid is also dcsciibcd in ilcsc woids ol Siï
Visnu Puiana (1.9.++):
"Scconds, minuics, louis, and all oilci uniis ol iimc aic all manilcsicd liom
ilc poicncy ol i#c Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad."
Tcxi +7
iaila siï-naiada-pancaiaiic
siï-naiada uvaca
suddla-saigam alam dcva
jnaium icclami iaiivaial
saiga-dvayasya caivasya
yal paiaivcna vaiiaic
iaila-so; siï-naiada-pancaiaiic-in Siï naiada-pmaciaiia; siï-naiada-Siï Naiada;
uvaca-said; suddla-puic; saigam-cicaiion; alam-I; dcva-O Loid; jnaium-io
undcisiand; icclami-I dcsiic; iaiivaial-in iiuil; saiga-dvayasya-ol ilc iwo woilds;
ca-and; cva-indccd; asya-ol ilai; yal-wlo; paiaivcna-by supiioiiiy; vaiiaic-is.
In Siï Naiada-pancaiaiia, Siï Naiada Muni says:
"O Loid, I wisl io undcisiand Youi puic spiiiiual icalm. You aic ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad, and ilc spiiiiual and ilc maiciial woilds icsi in You."
Tcxi +S
iaiiaiiai puivolial piadlanilal salias cciy ciai saiga-dvayasycii jncyam. siï-
blagavan uvaca
iaiia-ilcic; ciai-ilis; puiva-picvious; ulial-said; piadlanilal-piimaiy; salial-
poicncy; ca-and; iii-ilus; ciai-ilis; saiga-dvayasya-ol ilc iwo woilds; iii-ilus;
jncyam-io bc lnown; siï-blagavan-ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; uvaca-
said.
In ilis paii ol Siï Naiada-pancaiaiia, ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad
answcicd Naiada's qucsiion. Alici cxplaining ilai boil spiiiiual and maiciial
woilds aic manilcsicd liom His poicncy, ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad said:
Tcxi +9
yal saiva-vyapalo dcval
paia-bialma ca sasvaiam
cii-samanyam jagaiy asmin
paiamananda-lalsanam
yal-wlo; saiva-vyapalal-all-pcivading; dcval-ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad; paia-bialma-ilc Supicmc Spiiii; ca-and; sasvaiam-cicinally; cii-
samanyam-spiiii; jagaii-in ilc woild; asmin-ilis; paiamananda-lalsanam-ilc
naiuic ol bliss.
"Tlc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad and ilc impcisonal lialman aic boil
cicinal. Spiiiiual and lull ol bliss, Tlcy aic also manilcsicd in ilc maiciial woild.
Tcxi 50
vasudcvad ablinnam iu
valny-ailcndu-saia-piablam
vasudcvo 'pi blagavams
iad-dlaima paiamcsvaial
vasudcvai-liom Loid Vasudcva; ablinnam-noi dillcicni; iu-indccd; valny-
ailcndu-saia-piablam-splcndid lilc lundicds ol liics, suns, and moons;
vasudcval-Loid Vasudcva; api-also; blagavaml-ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad; iad-dlaima-His naiuic; paiamcsvaial-ilc supicmc coniiollci.
"Splcndid lilc many lundicds ol liics, suns, and moons, ilc impcisonal
lialman is noi dillcicni ilan Loid Vasudcva. Loid Vasudcva is ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad. His naiuic is ilai Hc is ilc supicmc coniiollci.
Tcxi 51
svam dïpiim lsoblayaiy cva
icjasa icna vai yuiam
pialasa-iupo blagavan
acyuiam casijad dvija
svam-own; dïpiim-cllulgcncc; lsoblayaii-agiiaics; cva-indccd; icjasa-wiil
splcndoi; icna-by ilai; vai-indccd; yuiam-cndowcd; pialasa-manilcsicd; iupal-
loim; blagavan-ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; acyuiam-inlalliblc; ca-also;
asijai-cicaicd; dvija-O bialmana.
"O bialmana, wlcn Hc icmovcs ilc covciing ol His own lialman cllulgcncc,
ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad icvcals His oiiginal, cicinal, iiansccndcnial
loim.
Tcxi 52
so 'cyuio 'cyuia-icjas ca
svaiupam viianoii vai
asiiiya vasudcvam ca
llasilo mcglo jalam yaila
sal-Hc; acyuial-inlalliblc; acyuia-icjal-inlalliblc powci; ca-and; svaiupam-
loim; viianoii-manilcsis; vai-indccdialing slclici; asiiiya vasudcvam-Vasudcva;
ca-and; llasilal-siaying in ilc sly; mcglal-a cloud; jalam-waici; yaila-as.
"Hc is all-powcilul and invinciblc, and His poicncy is also all-powcilul and
invinciblc. As a cloud in ilc sly slowcis iain, so ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad icvcals His oiiginal loim.
Tcxi 53
lsoblayiiva svam aimanam
saiya-blasvaia-vigialam
uipadayam asa iada
samudioimii jalam yaila
lsoblayiiva-agiiaiing; svam-own; aimanam-scll; saiya-blasvaia-vigialam-
spiiiiual and cllulgcni loim; uipadayam asa-manilcsicd; iada-ilcn; samudioimil-
wavcs in ilc occan; jalam-waici; yaila-as.
"As ilc occan manilcsis many wavcs, so ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad
manilcsis many gloiious and cllulgcni iiansccndcnial loims.
Tcxi 5+
sa cinmayal pialasaima
uipadyaimanam aimana
puiusallyam ananiam ca
pialasa-piasaiam malai
sal-Hc; cinmayal-spiiiiual; pialasaima-manilcsi scll; uipadyaimanam-ol
manilcsiaiuions; aimana-by Himscll; puiusallyam-callcd ilc Puiusa; ananiam-
limiilcss; ca-also; pialasa-piasaiam-manilcsiaiion; malai-gicai.
"In ilis way ilc spiiiiual and gloiious Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad
manilcsis His limiilcss loim lnown as ilc Puiusa-avaiaia.
Tcxi 55
sa ca vai saiva-jïvanam
asiayal paiamcsvaial
aniaiyamï sa icsam vai
iaialanam ivambaiam
sal-Hc; ca-and; vai-indccd; saiva-jïvanam-ol all spiiii souls; asiayal-ilc slclici;
paiamcsvaial-ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; aniaiyamï-ilc Supcisoul; sa-
Hc; icsam-ol ilcm; vai-indccd; iaialanam-ol siais; iva-lilc; ambaiam-ilc sly.
"In ilis way Hc is ilc slclici and coniiollci ol all souls. Hc is ilc Supcisoul
icsiding in ilc lcaiis ol all bcings. As siais icsi in ilc gicai sly, so cvciyiling icsis
in Him.
Tcxi 56
scndlanal pavalo yadvai
splulinga-nicayam dvija
anicclaial piciayaii
iadvad csa paial piablul
scndlanal-wiil lucl; pavalal-liic; yadvai-as; splulinga-nicayam-many spails;
dvija-O bialmana; anicclaial-wiiloui dcsiiing; piciayaii-scnds; iadvai-in ilai
way; csa-Hc; paial-supicmc; piablul-Loid.
"As a blazing liic sponiancously manilcsis many spails, so ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad sponiancously manilcsis ilc many individual souls.
Tcxi 57
piag-vasana-nibandlanam
bandlanam ca vimuliayc
iasmad viddli iad-amsams ian
saivamsam iam ajam piablum. iii.
pial-picvious; vasana-maiciial dcsiics; nibandlanam-bound; bandlanam-
bound; ca-and; vimuliayc-loi libciaiion; iasmai-liom ilai; viddli-plcasc lnow;
iad-amsan-His paiis and paiccls; ian-ilcm; saivamsam-lo wlom cvciyiling is a
paii; iam-io Him; ajam-ilc unboin; piablum-Loid; iii.-ilus.
"Know ilai all living bcings aic paii and paiccl ol ilc unboin Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad. Wlcn ilc individual souls, iiappcd by ilcii own pasi
maiciial dcsiics, comc io ilis maiciial woild, ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad
lollows ilcm io sci ilcm licc."
Tcxi 5S
aia cva yai iu bialmadau siï-piadyumnasya. manv-adau siï-visnol. iudiadau
siï-sanlaisanasyaniaiyamiivam siuyaic. ian-nanamsam adayavaiïinasya iasyaiva
iai-iad-amscna iai-iad-aniaiyamiivam iii maniavyam.
aia cva-ilcicloic; yai-wlai; iu-bui; bialmadau-bcginning wiil lialma; siï-
piadyumnasya.-ol Siï Piadyumna; manv-adau-bcginning wiil Manu; siï-visnol-ol
Siï Visnu; iudiadau-bcginning wiil Siva; siï-sanlaisanasya-ol Siï Sanlaisana;
aniaiyamiivam-ilc siaius ol icl Supcisoul icsiding in ilc lcaiis lo all living
bcinmgs; siuyaic.-is lcaid in ilc sciipiuics; ian-nanamsam-vaiious paiis ol Him;
adaya-acccpiing; avaiïinasya-incainaicd; iasya-ol Him; cva-indccd; iai-iad-amscna-
by ilc vaiious paiis; iai-iai-vaiious; aniaiyamiivam-ilc siaius ol ilc Supcisoul; iii-
ilus; maniavyam-io bc considcicd.
Manilcsiing His loim ol Loid Piadyumna, ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad
bccomcs ilc Supcisoul ol lialma and oilcis. Manilcsiing His loim ol Loid Visnu,
ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad bccomcs ilc Supcisoul ol Manu and oilcis.
Manilcsiing His loim ol Loid Sanlaisana, ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad
bccomcs ilc Supcisoul ol Siva and oilcis. Tlis is conliimcd by ilc woids ol ilc
sciipiuics. Tlus dcsccnding io ilc maiciial woild in His dillcicni paiiial loims,
ilc Loid bccomcs ilc Supcisoul icsiding in ilc lcaiis ol all living bcings.
Tcxi 59
aia cva iudiasya siï-sanlaisana-pialiiiivam puiusa-pialiiiivam cciy ublayam
apy amnaiam pialiiim aimanal sanlaisana-samjnam blava upadlavaia iiy adau.
adav abluc claia-dliiil iiy adau ca.
aia cva-ilcicloic; iudiasya-ol Siva; siï-sanlaisana-pialiiiivam-ilc naiuic ol
Loid Sanlaisana; puiusa-pialiiiivam-ilc naiuic ol ilc puiusa-avaiaia; ca-and; iii-
ilus; ublayam-boil; api-also; amnaiam-dcsciibcd in ilc sciipiuics; pialiiim-
naiuic; aimanal-ol ilc scll; sanlaisana-samjnam-namcd Sanlaisana; blava-
naiuic; upadlavaia-aiiains; iii-ilus; adau.-Siïmad-llagavaiam 5.17.16; adau
abluc claia-dliiil iiy adau-Siïmad-llagavaiam 11.+.5; ca-also.
Tlai Loid Siva is manilcsicd liom ilc puiusa-avaiaia Loid Sanlaisana is
conliimcd by ilc lollowing iwo quoics liom sciipiuic. In Siïmad-llagavaiam
(5.17.16) ii is said:
"Loid Siva lnows ilai Loid Sanlaisana is ilc oiiginal causc ol lis own
cxisicncc, and ilus lc always mcdiiaics upon Him in iiancc."¯
In Siïmad-llagavaiam (11.+.5) ii is also said:
"In ilc bcginning, ilc oiiginal Supicmc Pcisonaliiy manilcsicd ilc loim ol
lialma iliougl ilc maiciial modc ol passion in oidci io cicaic ilis univcisc. Tlc
Loid manilcsicd His loim as Visnu, ilc Loid ol saciilicc and pioiccioi ol ilc
iwicc-boin bialmanas and ilcii icligious duiics io mainiain ilc univcisc. And
wlcn ilc univcisc is io bc annililaicd ilc samc Supicmc Loid cmploys ilc
maiciial modc ol ignoiancc and manilcsis ilc loim ol Rudia. Tlc cicaicd living
bcings aic ilus always subjcci io ilc loiccs ol cicaiion, mainicnancc, and
dcsiiuciion."¯¯¯
Tcxi 60
csa cva
bluiaima ccndiiyaima ca
piadlanaima iaila blavan
aima ca paiamaima ca
ivam clal pancadla siliial
iiy adau viviial.
csal-Hc; cva-indccd; bluiaima-ilc soul ol ilc maiciial clcmcnis; ca-and;
indiiyaima-ilc soul ol ilc scnscs; ca-and; piadlanaima-ilc soul ol ilc piimoidial
oiigin ol maiici; iaila-so; blavan-You; aima-ilc soul; ca-and; paiamaima-ilc
Supcisoul; ca-and; ivam-You; clal-alonc; pancadla-in livc ways; siliial.-
manilcsicd; iii-ilus; adau-bcginning; viviial.-manilcsicd.
In ilc Visnu Puiana (5.1S.50) ii is said:
"O Loid, You aic ilc soul ol ilc gioss maiciial clcmcnis, ilc soul ol ilc
maiciial scnscs, ilc soul ol maiici's subilc oiigin, ilc soul, and ilc Supcisoul. In
ilcsc livc ways You aic manilcsicd."
Tcxi 61
iasmai saivaniaiyamï puiusa cva bialmcii paiamaimcii iiy adau
paiamaimaivcna niidisia iii siliiam.
iasmai-ilcicloic; saivaniaiyamï-ilc Supcisoul picscni in ilc lcaiis ol all;
puiusa-ilc ouiusa-avaiaia; cva-indccd; bialmcii paiamaimcii iiy adau-Siïmad-
llagavaiam 1.2.11; paiamaimaivcna-as ilc Supcisoul; niidisia-indicaicd; iii-ilus;
siliiam-siiuaicd.
Tlc Supcisoul, wlo is ilc puiusa-avaiaia siiuaicd in ilc lcaiis ol all, is also
dcsciibcd in ilcsc woids ol Siïmad-llagavaiam (1.2.11):
"Lcaincd iiansccndcnialisis wlo lnow ilc Absoluic Tiuil call ilc non-dual
subsiancc lialman, Paiamaima, and llagavan."¯
Hcic ilc woid "Paiamaima" indicaics ilc Supcisoul.
Tcxi 62
vyallyaiam ca svamiblil iasmai namo blagavaic bialmanc paiamaimanc iiy
aiia vaiuna-siuiau paiamaimanc saiva-jïva-niyaniic iii.
vyallyaiam-cxplaincd; ca-also; svamiblil-by Siïla Siïdlaia Svamï; iasmai
namo blagavaic bialmanc paiamaimanc iiy aiia-Siïmad-llagavaiam 10.2S.7;
vaiuna-siuiau-in ilc piaycis ol Vaiuna; paiamaimanc-io ilc Supcisoul; saiva-jïva-
ol all individual souls; niyaniic-ilc coniiollci; iii-ilus.
Tlc Supcisoul is also dcsciibcd in ilcsc piaycis spolcn by Vaiuna (Siïmad-
llagavaiam 10.2S.7):
"I ollci my icspccilul obcisanccs io ilc Absoluic Tiuil, wlo is lialman,
Paiamaima, and llagavan."
Siïla Siïdlaia Svamï commcnis on ilis vcisc:
"Hcic ilc woid paiamaimanc' mcans ilc coniiollci ol all individual souls'."
Tcxi 63
asya paiamaimano mayopadliiaya puiusaivam iupacaiiiam cva. iad uliam
vaisnavc cva
asya-ol Him; paiamaimanal-ilc Supcisoul; maya-ol maya; upadliiaya-by ilc
dcsignaiion; puiusaivam-ilc siaius ol ilc puiusa-avaiaia; iu-bui; upacaiiiam-
loniocd; cva.-indccd; iai-ilai; uliam-said; vaisnavc-in ilc Visnu Puiana; cva-
indccd
Wlcn Hc appcais in ilc maiciial woild, ilc Supcisoul is callcd ilc puiusa-
avaiaia. Tlis is dcsciibcd in ilc lollowing woids ol Siï Visnu Puiana (6.S.5S-59):
Tcxi 6+
nanio 'sii yasya na ca yasya samudblavo 'sii
viddlii na yasya paiinama-vivaijiiasya
napalsayam ca samupaiiy avilalpa-vasiu
yas iam naio 'smi puiusoiiamam adyam ïdyam
na-noi; anial-cnd; asii-is; yasya-ol wlom; na-noi; ca-and; yasya-ol wlom;
samudblaval-biiil; asii-is; viddlil-giowil; na-noi; yasya-ol wlom; paiinama-
iiansloimaiion; vivaijiiasya-wiiloui; na-noi; apalsayam-dwindling; ca-and;
samupaiii-aiiains; avilalpa-wiiloui doubi; vasiu-subsiancc; yal-wlom; iam-io
Him; naial-bowcd down; asmi-I am; puiusoiiamam-io ilc Supicmc Pcison;
adyam-oiigin; ïdyam-woislipablc.
"I bow down bcloic ilc puiusa-avaiaia, wlo is ilc oiigin ol all and ilc linal
objcci ol woislip. Ioi Him ilcic is no dcail, no biiil, no giowil, no clangc, no
dccay, and no doubi.
Tcxi 65
iasyaiva yo 'nu guna-blug baludlaila cva
suddlo 'py asuddla iva muiii-viblaga-blcdail
jnananviial salala-saiiva-vibluii-laiia
iasmai naio 'smi puiusaya sadavyayaya. iii.
iasya-ol Him; cva-indccd; yal-wlo; anu-lollowing; guna-blug-ilc masici ol
iiansccndcnial opulcnccs; baludla-in many ways; cla-onc; cva-indccd; suddlal-
puic; api-alilougl; asuddla-impuic; iva-lilc; muiii-viblaga-blcdail-wiil many
loims; jnana-lnowlcdgc; anviial-wiil; salala-saiiva-vibluii-laiia-ilc cicaioi ol all
iiansccndcnial opulcnccs; iasmai-io Him; naial-bowcd down; asmi-I am;
puiusaya-io ilc Supicmc Pcison; sada-always; avyayaya-cicinal; iii.-ilus.
"I bow down bcloic ilc puiusa-avaiaia, wlo is ilc masici ol iiansccndcnial
viiiucs. wlo manilcsis many loims, wlo may sccm io bc impuic alilougl in iiuil
Hc is complcicly puic, and wlo is ilc masici ol all iiansccndcnial lnowlcdgc and
opulcnccs."
Tcxi 66
aiia iasyaiva anu puivoliai paiamcsvaiai samaniaiam. baludla bialmadi-
iupcna asuddla iva sisiy-adisv asalia iva muiii-viblaganam dalsadi-manv-adi-
iupanam blcdail saiva-saiivanam vibluii-laiia visiaia-lii iii svami-padal.
aiia-lcic; iasya-ol Him; cva-indccd; anu-lollowing; puiva-picvious; uliai-liom
ilc siaicmcni; paiamcsvaiai-liom ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad;
samaniaiam-dillcicni; baludla-in many ways; bialmadi-bcginning wiil lialma;
iupcna-wiil ilc nloim; asuddla-impuic; iva-as il; sisiy-adisv-bcginning wiil
cicaiion; asalia-aiiaclcd; iva-as il; muiii-viblaganam-ol many loims; dalsadi-
manv-adi-iupanam-bcginning wiil Dalsa and Manu; blcdail-wiil dillcicncc;
saiva-all; saiivanam-cxisicnccs; vibluii-opulcnccs; laiia-ilc cicaioi; visiaia-ol
cxicnsion; lii-ilc cicaioi; iii-ilus; svami-padal-Siïla Siïdlaia Svamï.
Siïla Siïdlaia Svamï commcnis:
"Hcic ilc woid anu' indicaics ilai ilc puiusa-avaiaia is manilcsicd liom ilc
picviously dcsciibcd Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad, baludla' mcans wiil ilc
loim ol lialma and many oilci loims', asuddla iva' mcans as il Hc wcic
aiiaclcd io ilc maiciial cicaiion', muiii-viblaga-blcdail' mcans in ilc loim ol
Dalsa, Manu, and many oilci loims', and salala-saiiva-vibluii-laiia' mcans wlo
cicaics all ilc opulcnccs manilcsicd by ilc living cniiiics'."
Tcxi 67
iaiia guna-blug iii sad-guny-ananda-blcdoliciy aiilal.
iaiia-ilcic; guna-blul-guna-blul; iii-ilus; sad-six; guni-viiiucs; ananda-bliss;
blcda-dillcicni; ulia-said; iii-ilus; aiilal-ilc mcaning.
Hcic ilc woid "guna-blul" mcans "wiil ilc bliss ol ilc six viiiucs".
Tcxis 6S and 69
yai iai sulsmam avijncyam
avyaliam acalam dliuvam
indiiyaii indiiyaiilais ca
saiva-bluiais ca vaijiiam
sa ly aniaiaima bluianam
lsciiajnas ccii lailyaic
iii-guna-vyaiiiilio vai
puiusas ccii lalpiial
iii molsa-dlaimc 'pi naiayanïyopallyanc.
yai-wlai; iai-ilai; sulsmam-subilc; avijncyam-unlnowablc; avyaliam-
unmanilcsicd; acalam-unmoving; dliuvam-cicinal; indiiyail-by ilc scnscs;
indiiyaiilail-by ilc puiposc ol ilc scnscs; ca-also; saiva-bluiail-by all maiciial
clcmcnis; ca-and; vaijiiam-wiiloui; sa-Hc; li-indccd; aniaiaima-ilc Supcisoul
wiilin ilc lcaii; bluianam-ol ilc living cniiiics; lsciiajnal-ilc lnowci ol ilc
licld ol aciion; ca-and; iii-ilus; lailyaic-is said; iii-guna-vyaiiiilial-bcyond ilc
modcs ol naiuic; vai-indccd; puiusal-ilc puiusa-avaiaia; ca-also; iii-ilus;
lalpiial-considcicd; iii-ilus; molsa-dlaimc 'pi naiayanïyopallyanc-in ilc
Molsa-dlaima, Naiayanïyopallyana, ilc puiusa-avaiaia.
In ilc Molsa-dlaima, Naiayanïyopallyana (33+.29-30), ilc puiusa-avaiaia is
dcsciibcd in ilcsc woids:
"Ii is said ilai ilc puiusa-avaiaia is vciy subilc, inconccivablc, unmanilcsicd,
unclanging, and cicinal. Hc is uniouclcd by ilc maiciial scnscs, maiciial scnsc
dcsiics, and ilc maiciial clcmcnis. Hc is ilc Supcisoul picscni in ilc lcaiis ol all
living bcings and Hc diiccily pciccivcs all ilai lappcns cvciywlcic and in cvciy
body. Hc is uniouclcd by ilc modcs ol maiciial naiuic."
Tcxi 70
siuiayo 'py cnam suddlaivcnaiva vainayanii
siuiayal-ilc Siuii-sasiia; api-also; cnam-Him; suddlaivcna-wiil puiiiy; cva-
indccd; vainayanii-dcsciibc.
Tlc Siuii-sasiias also alliim ilai ilc puiusa-avaiaia is complcicly puic. Ioi
cxamplc, in ilc Svciasvaiaia Upanisad (6.11 and +.5) ii is said:
Tcxi 71
clo dcval saiva-bluicsu gudlal
saiva-vyapï saiva-bluianiaiaima
laimadlyalsal saiva-bluiadlivasal
salsï ccial lcvalo niigunas ca
clal-onc; dcval-Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; saiva-bluicsu-in all living
cniiiics; gudlal-liddcn; saiva-vyapï-all-pcivading; saiva-bluianiaiaima-ilc
Supcisoul in ilc lcaiis ol all living bcings; laima-ol aciions; adlyalsal--ilc
wiincss; saiva-bluia-in all living bcings; adlivasal-ilc icsidcncc; salsï-ilc
wiincss; ccial-ilc lcaii; lcvalal-iiansccndcnial; niigunal-bcyond ilc modcs ol
maiciial naiuic; ca-and.
"Tlc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad manilcsis Himscll as ilc all-pcivading
Supcisoul, ilc wiincss picscni in ilc lcaiis ol all living cniiiics. Hc wiincsscs all
aciiviiics ol ilc living cniiiy. Hc is ilc supicmc living loicc, and yci Hc is
iiansccndcnial io all maiciial qualiiics."¯
Tcxi 72
ajam clam loliia-sulla-lisnam
balvïl piajal janayaniïm sa-iupal
ajo ly clo jusamano 'nuscic
jalaiy cnam blulia-blogam ajo 'nyal. iiy adyal.
ajam-unbion; clam-onc; loliia-sulla-lisnam-icd, wliic, and blacl; balvïl-
many; piajal-clildicn; janayaniïm-givign biiil; sa-iupal-lilc lciscll; ajal-unboin;
li-indccd; clal-onc; jusamanal-doing; anuscic-lollows; jalaii-abandons; cnam-
lcic; blulia-blogam-linislcd cnjoymcni; ajal-unboin; anyal-anoilci; iii-ilus;
adyal.-bcginning.
"A unboin man cnjoys an unboin icd, wliic, and blacl woman wlo bcais
many clildicn lilc lciscll. Anoilci unboin man icnounccs ilis woman and will
noi cnjoy wiil lci."
Noic: Tlc unboin woman is ilc maiciial naiuic. Tlc colois icd, wliic, and
blacl aic ilc modcs ol passion, goodncss, and ignoiancc. Tlc many clildicn aic
ilc ingicdicnis ol ilc maiciial univciscs. Tlc liisi unboin man is ilc individual
spiiii soul iiappcd in maiciial cxisicncc. Tlc sccond unboin man is ilc Supcisoul,
wlo is always alool liom ilc maiciial naiuic.
Tcxi 73
iasmai sadlu vyallyaiam lsciiajna cial iiy adi padya-dvayam. siï-bialmano
ialuganam.
iasmai-ilcicloic; sadlu-wcll; vyallyaiam-cxplaincd; lsciiajna cial iiy adi-
Siïmad-llagavaiam 5.11.12-13; padya-dvayam-iwo vciscs; siï-bialmanal-ilc
bialmana; ialuganam-io King Ralugana.
Tlc puiusa-avaiaia was also niccly dcsciibcd in ilc iwo vciscs ol Siïmad-
llagavaiam (5.11.12-13) quoicd in ilc bcginning ol ilis anucclcda. Tlosc vciscs
wcic spolcn by a bialmana io King Ralugana.
Anuccheda 2
Tcxi 1
aila iasyaviiblavc yogyaia piagvad blaliii cva jncya. aviiblavas iiidla. yaila
naiadïya-ianiic
aila-now; iasya-ol Him; aviiblavc-in ilc manilcsiaiion; yogyaia-suiiabiliiy;
piagvai-as bcloic; blaliil-dcvoiional scivicc; cva-indccd; jncya-io bc undcisiood;
aviiblaval-manilcsiaiion; iiidla-so; yaila-as; naiadïya-ianiic-in ilc Naiada
Taniia.
Now will bc cxplaincd ilc iiuil ilai ilc puiusa-avaiaia icvcals Himscll in
icsponsc io ilc soul's dcvoiion. Tlc puiusa-avaiaia manilcsis ilicc loims, wlicl
aic dcsciibcd in ilc lollowing woids ol ilc Naiada Taniia:
Tcxi 2
visnos iu iiïni iupani
puiusallyany ailo vidul
piailamam malaial siasii
dviiïyam iv anda-samsiliiam
iiiïyam saiva-bluiasilam
iani jnaiva vimucyaic. iii.
visnol-ol Loid Visnu; iu-cciiainly; iiïni-ilicc; iupani-loims; puiusallyani-
cclcbiaicd as ilc puiusa; ailal-low; vidul-ilcy lnow; piailamam-onc ol ilcm;
malaial- siasii-ilc cicaioi ol ilc ioial maiciial cncigy; dviiïyam-ilc sccond; iu-
bui; anda-samsiliiam-siiuaicd wiilin ilc univcisc; iiiïyam-ilc iliid; saiva-
bluiasilam-wiilin ilc lcaiis lo all living bcings; iani-ilcsc ilicc; jnaiva-lnowing;
vimucyaic.-onc bccomcs libciaicd; iii.-ilus.
"Visnu las ilicc loims callcd puiusas. Tlc liisi, Mala-Visnu, is ilc cicaioi ol
ilc ioial maiciial cncigy (malai), ilc sccond is Gaiblodasayï, wlo is siiuaicd
wiilin cacl univcisc, and ilc iliid is Ksïiodasayï, wlo livcs in ilc lcaii ol cvciy
living bcing. Hc wlo lnows ilcsc ilicc bccomcs libciaicd liom ilc cluiclcs ol
maya."¯
Tcxi 3
iaiia piailamal yailagncl lsudia visplulinga vyuccaianii. sa ailsaia iiy ady
ulio mala-samasii-jïva-pialiiyoi claiapannayoi diasiciy cla cva.
iaiia-ilcic; piailamal-ilc liisi; yaila-as; agncl-liom liic; lsudia-iiny;
visplulinga-spails; vyuccaianii-aic manilcsicd; sa-Hc; ailsaia-saw; iii-ilus; adi-
bcginning; ulial-said; mala-samasii-jïva-pialiiyol-ol ilc ioial ol all individual
souls and maiciial naiuic; claiapannayol-oncncss; diasia-ilc scci iii-ilus; cla-
onc; cva.-indccd
Tlc liisi puiusa-avaiaia is dcsciibcd in ilcsc woids ol ilc lilad-aianyala
Upanisad (2.1.20):
yailagncl lsudia visplulinga vyuccaianii
"As many iiny spails aic manilcsicd liom a gicai liic, so many individual spiiii
souls aic manilcsicd liom ilc Supicmc."
In ilc lilad-aianyala Upanisad (1.2.5) ii is also said:
sa ailsaia
"Tlc Supicmc Loid glanccd and ilc maiciial cicaiion bccamc manilcsicd."
In ilis way ii is cxplaincd ilai wiil His glancc ilc liisi puiusa-avaiaia
manilcsicd ilc maiciial naiuic and ilc condiiioncd siaic ol ilc individual spiiii
souls.
Tcxi +
ayam cva sanlaisana iii. mala-visnui iii ca. bialma-samliiayam yaila ial-
lingam blagavan samblui jyoiil-iupal sanaianal. iasminn aviiablul lingc mala-
visnui jagai-paiil. salasia-sïisa puiusal iiy aiablya
ayam-Hc; cva-indccd; sanlaisana-Sanlaisana; iii.-ilus; mala-visnul-Mala-
visnu; iii-ilus; ca.-also; bialma-samliiayam-in lialma-samliia; yaila ial-lingam
blagavan samblui jyoiil-iupal sanaianal-lialma-samliia 5.13; iasminn
aviiablul lingc mala-visnui jagai-paiil-lialma-samliia 5.16. salasia-sïisa
puiusal iii-lialma-samliia 5.17; aiablya-bcginning.
Tlc liisi puiusa-avaiaia is lnown as Loid Sanlaisana and Loid Mala-Visnu.
Hc is dcsciibcd in ilc lollowing woids ol lialma-samliia (5.S, 5.10, and 5.11):
"Tlc divinc plcnaiy poiiion ol Kisna cicaics ilc mundanc woild. Ai cicaiion
ilcic appcais a divinc lalo ol ilc naiuic ol His own subjcciivc poiiion (svamsa).
Tlis lalo is divinc Samblu, ilc masculinc symbol oi manilcsicd cmblcm ol ilc
Supicmc Loid. Tlis lalo is ilc dim iwiligli icllcciion ol ilc supicmc cicinal
cllulgcncc. Tlis masculinc symbol is ilc subjcciivc poiiion ol diviniiy wlo
lunciions as piogcniioi ol ilc mundanc woild, subjcci io ilc supicmc icgulaiiix
(niyaii)."¯¯
"Tlc Loid ol ilc woild, Mala-Visnu, is manilcsi in Samblu by His subjcciivc
poiiion in ilc loim ol His glancc."¯¯
"Tlc Loid ol ilc mundanc woild, Mala-Visnu, posscsscs ilousands ol
ilousands ol lcads, cycs, and lands. Hc is ilc souicc ol ilousands ol ilousands ol
avaiaias in His ilousands ol ilousands ol subjcciivc poiiions. Hc is ilc cicaioi ol
ilousands ol ilousands ol individual souls."¯¯
Tcxi 5
naiayanal sa blagavan
apas iasmai sanaianai
aviiasïi laianaino-
nidlil sanlaisanaimalal
yoga-nidiam gaias iasmin
salasiamsal svayam malan
naiayanal-Naiayana; sa-Hc; blagavan-ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad;
apal-waici; iasmai-liom Him; sanaianai-cicinal; aviiasïi-manilcsicd; laianaino-
nidlil-ilc Causal occan; sanlaisanaimalal-Loid Sanlaisana; yoga-nidiam-divinc
slccp; gaial-aiiaincd; iasmin-in ilai; salasiamsal-a ilousand paiis; svayam-
pcisonally; malan-gicai.
Tlc liisi puiusa-avaiaia is also dcsciibcd in ilcsc woids ol lialma-samliia
(5.13 and 5.1+):
"Tlc samc Mala-Visnu is spolcn ol by ilc namc ol Naiayana' in ilis mundanc
woild. Iiom ilai cicinal poiiion las spiung ilc vasi cxpansc ol waici ol ilc
spiiiiual Causal Occan. Tlc subjcciivc poiiion ol Sanlaisana wlo abidcs in
Paiavyoma, abovc ilc supicmc puiusa wiil ilousands ol subjcciivc poiiions,
icposcs in ilc siaic ol divinc slccp (yoga-nidia) in ilc waicis ol ilc spiiiiual causal
occan.¯¯
Tcxi 6
iad-ioma-bila-jalcsu
bïjam sanlaisanasya ca
laimany andani jaiani
mala-bluiaviiani iu iiy adi.
iad-ioma-bila-jalcsu-in ilc many bodily poics; bïjam-sccd; sanlaisanasya-ol
Loid Sanlaisana; ca-also; laimani-goldcn; andani-cggs; jaiani-boin; mala-
bluiaviiani-covcicd wiil ilc livc clcmcnis; iu-indccd; iii-ilus; adi.-bcginning.
"Tlc spiiiiual sccds ol Sanlaisana cxisiing in ilc poics ol slin ol Mala-Visnu
aic boin as so many goldcn spcims. Tlcsc spcims aic covcicd wiil livc gicai
clcmcnis."¯¯
Tcxi 7
lingam iii yasyayuiayuiamsamsc visva-saliii iyam siliia iiy anusaicna iasya
mala-blagavaial siï-govindasya puiusoipadalaival lingam iva lingam yal llalv
amsa-viscsas iad cva samblul. samblu-sabdasya mullyaya viiici asiaya iiy
aiilal. lingc blagavaia cvanga-viscsa iii iai-pialaiana-labdlam.
lingam-lingam; iii-ilus; yasya-ol wlom; ayuia-icn ilousand; ayuia-icn
ilousand amsa-paii; amsc-ol a paii; visva-saliil-ilc poicncy ol ilc univcisc;
iyam-ilis; siliia-siiuaicd; iii-ilus; anusaicna-lollowing; iasya-ol Him; mala-
blagavaial-ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; siï-govindasya-Loid Govinda;
puiusa-ilc puiusa; uipadalaival-liom ilc manilcsiaiion; lingam-linga; iva-lilc;
lingam-linga; yal-wlicl; llalv-indccd; amsa-viscsal-a spccilic paii; iai-ilai; cva-
indccd; samblul.-Siva; samblu-sabdasya-ol ilc woid Samblu; mullyaya-piimaiy
mcaning; viiicl-ol ilc aciion; asiaya-ilc slclici; iii-ilus; aiilal-ilc mcaning;
lingc-in ilc linga; blagavaia-ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; cva-indccd;
anga-paii; viscsa-spccilic; iii-ilus; iai-pialaiana-labdlam-ilc cxplanaiion.
Tlc woid "linga" (masculinc symbol) dcsciibcd in ilc passagc liom lialma-
samliia (5.S) quoicd lcic in icxi +, is cxplaincd in ilc lollowing woids ol Siï
Visnu Puiana (1.9.52, quoicd in ilis bool in anucccda 1, icxi +5):
"I bow down bcloic ilc cicinal and clangclcss Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad,
wlosc loim is spiiiiual. ly a million-millionil paii ol His powci ilc maiciial
woild is manilcsicd."
Tlc "linga" is ilus manilcsicd liom Loid Govinda, ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad. Tlus Loid Siva is a paiiial manilcsiaiion ol Loid Govinda. Tlc woid
"samblu" lcic mcans "ilc icsiing placc ol aciiviiics". Tlus ii is cxplaincd ilai ilc
"linga" is a paiiial manilcsiaiion ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad.
Tcxi S
aila dviiïya-puiusal yai sisiva iad cvanupiavisai iiy ady ulial samasii-
jïvaniaiyamï icsam bialmandaimalanam balu-blcdad balu-blcdal.
aila-now; dviiïya-puiusal-ilc sccond puiusa-avaiaia; yai-wlicl; sisiva-
cicaiing; iai-ilai; cva-indccd; anupiavisai-cnicicd; iii-ilus; adi-bcginning; ulial-
said; samasii-all; jïva-souls; aniaiyamï-ilc Supcisoul icsiding in ilc lcaii; icsam-ol
ilcm; bialmandaimalanam-ilc maiciial univciscs; balu-blcdai-many dillcicncc;
balu-blcdal-many dillcicni.
Now ilc sccond puiusa-avaiaia will bc dcsciibcd. In ilc Taiiiiiïya Upanisad
(2.6.2) ii is said:
"Tlc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad cicaics ilc maiciial woild and ilcn
cnicis ii."
Tlcsc woids dcsciibc ilc Supicmc Loid's bccoming ilc Supcisoul picscni in
ilc lcaiis ol all living cniiiics. Tlcic aic many dillcicni maiciial univciscs, and
ilc Loid cnicis all ol ilcm io bccomc ilc Supcisoul.
Tcxi 9
iaiiaiva sulsmaniaiyamï piadyumnal silulaniaiyamy aniiuddla iii lvacii.
ancna mala-vailunila-silal sanlaisanadayas iad-amsinal. yc iu ciiiady-
adlisilaiaio vasudcvadayas ic iad-amsa cvciy adi vivccanïyam.
iaiia-ilcic; cva-indcd; sulsma-subilc; aniaiyamï-Supcisoul; piadyumnal-
Piadyumna; silula-gioss; aniaiyami-Supcisoul; aniiuddla-Aniiuddla; iii-ilus;
lvacii.-somcwlcic; ancna-by ilis; mala-vailunila-silal-siaying in Mala-
Vailunila; sanlaisanadayal-bcginning wiil Loid Sanlaisana; iad-amsinal.-His
paiis; yc-wlo; iu-indccd; ciiiady-adlisilaiaial-ilc picsiding Dciiy ol ilc mind
and oilci scnscs; vasudcvadayal-lcadcd by Loid Vasudcva; ic-Tlcy; iad-amsa-
paiis ol Him; cva-cciiainly; iii-ilus; adi-bcginning; vivccanïyam.-io bc said
Loid Piadyumna is ilc Supcisoul picsiding ovci ilc subilc clcmcnis. Loid
Aniiuddla is ilc Supcisoul picsiding ovci ilc gioss clcmcnis. Loid Sanlaisana
and oilci cxpansions icsidc in Mala-Vailunila. Loid Vasudcva and oilci
cxpansions picsidc ovci ilc mind and scnscs. In ilis way ii is cxplaincd.
Tcxi 10
iiiï¦6]yo 'pi puiusal,
dva supaina sayuja sallaya
samanam vilsam piaisasvajaic
iayoi anyal pippalam svadv aiiy
anasnann anyo 'blicalasïii
iiiï¦6]yal-iliid; api-also; puiusal-puiusa-avaiaia; dva-iwo; supaina-biids;
sayuja-iogcilci; sallaya-liicnds; samanam-ilc samc; vilsam-iicc; piaisasvajaic-
icsidc; iayol-ol ilcm; anyal-anoilci; pippalam-pippala; svadv-dclicious; aiii-cais;
anasnann-noi caiing; anyal-anoilci; ablicalasi-waiclcs; iii-ilus.
Tlc iliid puiusa-avaiaia is also dcsciibcd in ilcsc woids ol Svciasvaiaia
Upanisad (+.6-7):
"In ilc individual spiiii soul and ilc Supcisoul, Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad, aic lilc iwo liicndly biids siiiing on ilc samc iicc. Onc ol ilc biids (ilc
individual aiomic soul) is caiing ilc liuii ol ilc iicc (ilc scnsc giaiilicaiion
alloidcd by ilc maiciial body), and ilc oilci biid (ilc Supcisoul) is noi iiying io
cai ilcsc liuiis, bui is simply waicling His liicnd.¯
Tcxi 11
iiy ady ulio vyasiy-aniaiyamï. icsam balu-blcdad balu-blcdal. aiia
piailamasyaviiblavo yaila
iii-ilus; adi-bcginning; ulial-said; vyasii-ol ilc individual; aniaiyamï-ilc
Supcisoul; icsam-ol ilcm; balu-blcdai-bccausc ol manydillcicnccs; balu-blcdal-
many dillcicni; aiia-lcic; piailamasya-ol ilc liisi; aviiblaval-manilcsiaiion;
yaila-as.
Tlcsc woids dcsciibc ilc Supcisoul as Hc appcais in ilc lcaiis ol ilc many
living cniiiics. lccausc ilcic aic many dillcicni living cniiiics, ilc Supcisoul
appcais many iimcs in ilis way. Tlc liisi puiusa-avaiaia is dcsciibcd in ilcsc
woids ol Siïmad-llagavaiam (2.6.+2):
Tcxi 12
adyo 'vaiaial puiusal paiasya iii.
adyo 'vaiaial puiusal paiasya iii-Siïmad-llagavaiam 2.6.+2.
"Loid Kaianainavasayï Visnu is ilc liisi incainaiion ol ilc Supicmc Loid, and
Hc is ilc masici ol cicinal iimc, spacc, causc and cllccis, mind, ilc clcmcnis, ilc
maiciial cgo, ilc modcs ol naiuic, ilc scnscs, ilc univcisal loim ol ilc Loid,
Gaiblodalasayï Visnu, and ilc sum ioial ol all living bcings, boil moving and
nonmoving."¯
Tcxi 13
iïla ca paiasya blumnal puiusal pialiii-piavaiialal. yasya salasia-sïisa iiy
ady ulio lïla-vigialal sa adyo 'vaiaial iiy csa.
iïla-commcniaiy; ca-and; paiasya-paiasya; blumnal-ol ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; puiusal-puiusa; pialiii-piavaiialal.-wlo puis iilc
maiciial naiuic inio aciion; yasya-ol wlom; salasia-sïisa iiy adi-Rg Vcda 10.90.1;
ulial-said; lïla-vigialal-pasiimc loim; sa-Hc; adyal-liisi; avaiaial-incainaiion;
iii-ilus; csa-ii.
Siïla Siïdlaia Svamï commcnis:
"Hcic ilc woid paiasya' mcans ol ilc lluma-puiusa' and puiusal' mcans Hc
wlo puis ilc maiciial cncigy in moiion'. Tlis pasiimc loim ol ilc Loid, wlo is
dcsciibcd lcic by ilc woids adyo 'vaiaial', is also dcsciibcd in ilcsc woids ol ilc
Rg Vcda (10.90.1):
"In His loim ol ilc puiusa-avaiaia, a loim wiil ilousands ol lcads, ilousands
ol cycs, and ilousands ol lcci, ilc Loid lillcd ilc univcisc and wcni icn lingcis
bcyond ii."
Tcxi 1+
aiia canyaiia cavaiaiaivam namaila-pada-vibluiy-aviiblavaivam jncyam. siï-
bialma siï-naiadam.
aiia-lcic; ca-also; anyaiia-in anoilci placc; ca-also; avaiaiaivam-ilc siaius ol an
incainaiion; nama-namc; cla-pada-vibluii-ilc opulcncc ol onc quaiici;
aviiblavaivam-manilcsiaiion; jncyam-io bc lnown; siï-bialma-Siï lialma; siï-
naiadam-io Siï Naiada.
In oilci placcs in sciipiuic aic also dcsciibcd ilc Loid's incainaiions wiilin ilc
maiciial woild, a woild ilai bcais ilc namc "cla-pada-vibluii" (ilc woild ilai is
onc-louiil ol ilc Supicmc Loid's opulcncc). Tlc vcisc quoicd in ilc bcginning ol
ilis anucclcda was spolcn by Siï lialma io Siï Naiada.
Anuccheda 3
Tcxi 1
dviiïyasya yaila
lalcna so 'jal puiusayusabli-
piaviiia-yogcna viiudla-bodlal
svayam iad aniai lidayc 'vablaiam
apasyaiapasyaia yan na puivam
minala-gauiayaia-scsa-bloga-
paiyanla clam puiusam sayanam iiy adi.
dviiïyasya-ol ilc sccond; yaila-as; lalcna-in duc couisc ol iicm; sal-lc; ajal-
ilc scll boin lialma; puiusayusa-by ilc sduiaiion ol lis agc; ablipiaviiia-bcing
cngagcd; yogcna-in mcdiiaiion; viiudla-dcvclopcd; bodlal-iniclligcncc; svayam-
auiomaiically; iad aniai lidayc-in ilc lcaii; avablaiam-manilcsicd; apasyaia-saw;
apasyaia-did scc; yai-wlicl; na-noi; puivam-bcloic; minala-loius llowci; gauia-
wliic all ovci; ayaia-giganiic; scsa-bloga-body ol Scsa-naga; paiyanla-on ilc bcd;
clam-alonc; puiusam-ilc Supicmc Pcison; sayanam-was lying; iii-ilus; adi.-
bcginning.
Tlc sccond puiusa-avaiaia is dcsciibcd in ilcsc woids (Siïmad-llagavaiam
3.S.22-30):
"Ai ilc cnd ol lialma's onc lundicd ycais, wlcn lis mcdiiaiion was complcic,
lc dcvclopcd ilc icquiicd lnowlcdgc, and as a icsuli lc could scc in lis lcaii ilc
Supicmc wiilin limscll, wlom lc could noi scc bcloic wiil ilc gicaicsi cndcavoi.
¯
"lialma could scc ilai on ilc waici ilcic was a giganiic loiuslilc wliic
bcdsicad, ilc body ol Scsa-naga, on wlicl ilc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad was lying
alonc. Tlc wlolc aimosplcic was illuminaicd by ilc iays ol ilc jcwcls bcdccling
ilc lood ol Scsa-naga, and ilai illuminaiion dissipaicd all ilc dailncss ol ilosc
icgions.¯
"Tlc lusici ol ilc iiansccndcnial body ol ilc Loid moclcd ilc bcauiy ol ilc
coial mouniain. Tlc coial mouniain is vciy bcauiilully dicsscd by ilc cvcning sly,
bui ilc ycllow dicss ol ilc Loid moclcd iis bcauiy. Tlcic is gold on ilc summii ol
ilc mouniain, bui ilc Loid's lclmci, bcdcclcd wiil jcwcls, moclcd ii. Tlc
mouniain's waicilalls, lcibs, cic., wiil a panoiama ol llowcis, sccm lilc gailands,
bui ilc Loid's giganiic body, and His lands and lcgs, dccoiaicd wiil jcwcls, pcails,
iulasï lcavcs, and llowci gailands, moclcd ilc sccnc on ilc mouniain.¯
"His iiansccndcnial body, unlimiicd in lcngil and bicadil, occupicd ilc ilicc
planciaiy sysicms, uppci, middlc, and lowci. His body was scll-illuminaicd by
unpaiallclcd dicss and vaiicgaicdncss and was piopcily oinamcnicd.¯
"Tlc Loid slowcd His loius lcci by iaising ilcm. His loius lcci aic ilc souicc
ol all awaids aclicvcd by dcvoiional scivicc licc liom maiciial coniaminaiion.
Sucl awaids aic loi ilosc wlo woislip Him in puic dcvoiion. Tlc splcndoi ol ilc
iiansccndcnial iays liom His moonlilc iocnails and lingcinails appcaicd lilc ilc
pcials ol a llowci.¯
"Hc also aclnowlcdgcd ilc scivicc ol ilc dcvoiccs and vanquislcd ilcii
disiicss by His bcauiilul smilc. Tlc icllcciion ol His lacc, dccoiaicd wiil caiiings,
was so plcasing bccausc ii dazzlcd wiil ilc iays liom His lips and ilc bcauiy ol His
nosc and cycbiows.¯
"My dcai Viduia, ilc Loid's waisi was covcicd wiil ycllow cloil icscmbling ilc
sallion dusi ol ilc ladamba llowci, and ii was cnciiclcd by a wcll-dccoiaicd bcli.
His clcsi was dccoiaicd wiil ilc siïvaisa mailing and a nccllacc ol unlimiicd
valuc.¯
"As a sandalwood iicc is dccoiaicd wiil liagiani llowcis and bianclcs, ilc
Loid's body was dccoiaicd wiil valuablc jcwcls and pcails. Hc was ilc scll-siiuaicd
iicc, ilc Loid ol all oilcis in ilc univcisc. And as a sandalwood iicc is covcicd
wiil many snalcs, so ilc Loid's body was covcicd by ilc loods ol Anania.¯
"Lilc a gicai mouniain, ilc Loid siands as ilc abodc loi all moving and
nonmoving living cniiiics. Hc is ilc liicnd ol ilc snalcs bccausc Loid Anania is
His liicnd. As a mouniain las ilousands ol goldcn pcals, so ilc Loid was sccn
wiil ilc ilousands ol goldcn-lclmcicd loods ol Anania-naga. And as a mouniain
is somciimcs lillcd wiil jcwcls, so His iiansccndcnial body was lully dccoiaicd
wiil valuablc jcwcls. As a mouniain is somciimcs submcigcd in ilc occan waici,
so ilc Loid is somciimcs submcigcd in ilc waici ol dcvasiaiion."¯
Tcxi 2
ayam gaiblodala-silal salasia-sïisa piadyumna cva. puiusayusa vaisaia-
saicna yogo blalii-yogal. ciad agic 'pi avyalia-mulam iiy aiia avyaliam
piadlanam mulam adlo-blago yasyciy aiilal. bluvanangliipcndiam iii
bluvanani caiuidasa iad-iupa angliipas icsam indiam ian-niyaniiivcna
vaiiamanam iiy aiilal. siï-maiiicyo viduiam.
ayam-Hc; gaiblodala-silal-siaying on ilc Gaibla occan; salasia-sïisa-wiil a
ilousand lcads; piadyumna-Piadyumna; cva.-indccd; puiusayusa-puiusayusa;
vaisaia-saicna-wiil a lundicd ycais; yogal-yoga; blalii-yogal.-dcvoiional yoga;
ciai-ilis; agic-bcloic; api-aslo; avyalia-mulam iiy aiia-Siïmad-llagavaiam 3.S.29;
avyaliam-avyalia; piadlanam-piadlana; mulam-iooi; adlo-blagal-bclow; yasya-
ol wlom; iii-ilus; aiilal.-ilc mcaning; bluvanangliipcndiam-
bluvanangliipcndiam; iii-ilus; bluvanani-woilds; caiuidasa-louiiccn; iad-iupa-
ilc loims; angliipal-iiccs; icsam-ol ilcm; indiam-India; ian-niyaniiivcna-as ilc
coniiollci; vaiiamanam-bcing so; iii-ilus; aiilal.-ilc mcaning; siï-maiiicyal-Siï
Maiiicya; viduiam-io Viduia.
Tlcsc vciscs dcsciibc ilc ilousand-lcadcd Loid Piadyumna wlo icsidcs on ilc
Gaibla Occan. Tlc woid "puiusayusa" mcans "loi a lundicd ycais", "and
yogcna" mcans "by piaciicing ilc yoga ol dcvoiional scivicc". In Siïmad-
llagavaiam 3.S.29 ilc woid "avyalia-mulam" mcans "ilc iooi ol piadlana, ilc
unmanilcsicd oiigin ol maiici", and "bluvanangliipcndiam" mcans bccausc Hc
is ilc Supicmc Coniiollci, Hc is lilc ilc ling ol ilc iiccs ilai aic ilc louiiccn
maiciial woilds". Tlis vcisc was spolcn by Siï Maiiicya io Viduia.
Anuccheda +
Tcxi 1
iiiïyasyaviiblavo yaila
lccii sva-dclaniai-lidayavalasc
piadca-maiiam puiusam vasaniam
caiui-blujam lanja-iailanga-sanlla-
gadadlaiam dlaianaya smaianii. iiy adi.
iiiïyasya-ol ilc iliid; aviiblaval-manilcsiaiion; yaila-as; lccii-oilcis; sva-
dclanial-wiilin ilc body; lidayavalasc-in ilc icgion ol ilc lcaii; piadca-
maiiam-mcasuiing only cigli inclcs; puiusam-ilc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad;
vasaniam-icsiding; caiui-blujam-wiil loui lands; lanja-loius; iailanga-ilc wlccl
ol a claiioi; sanlla-conclslcll; gadadlaiam-and wiil a club in ilc land;
dlaianaya-concciving in ilai way; smaianii.-do mcdiiaic upon Him; iii-ilus; adi.-
bcginning.
Tlc iliid puiusa-avaiaia is dcsciibcd in ilcsc woids ol Siïmad-llagavaiam
(2.2.S):
"Oilcis conccivc ol ilc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad icsiding wiilin ilc body in ilc
icgion ol ilc lcaii and mcasuiing only cigli inclcs, wiil loui lands caiiying a
loius, a wlccl ol a claiioi, a conclslcll, and a club icspcciivcly."¯
Tcxi 2
piadcam iaijany-angusilayoi visiaias iai-piamanam lidy apclsaya iu
manusyadlilaiaivai iii nyaycna. siï-sulal.
piadcam-piadcsa; iaijany-angusilayol-ol ilc loiclingci and ilumb; visiaial-
cxicni; iai-piamanam-ilai mcasuicmcni; lidi-ilc lcaii; apclsaya-in iclaiion io;
iu-indccd; manusya-ol a luman bcing; adlilaiaivai-bccausc ol ilc qualilicaiion;
iii-ilus; nyaycna.-byu ilc Vcdania-suiia; siï-sulal-Siï Suladcva Gosvami.
Hcic ilc woid "piadcsa" mcans "ilc disiancc bciwccn ilc loiclingci and
ilumb. In ilc Vcdania-suiia (1.3.25) ii is said:
lidy apclsaya iu manusyadlilaiaivai
"Tlc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad indccd appcais in ilc lcaiis ol luman
bcings."
Anuccheda 5
Tcxi 1
cvam puiusasyancla-vidlaivc 'pi disianicnailyam upapadayaii
cvam-ilus; puiusasya-ol ilc puiusa-avaiaia; ancla-vidlaivc-in many ways; api-
also; disianicna-by an cxamplc; ailyam-oncncss; upapadayaii-icaclcs.
Alilougl Hc appcais in many loims, ilc puiusa-avaiaia is onc pcison. Tlis is
slown by ilc lollowing cxamplc givcn in Siïmad-llagavaiam (5.11.1+):
Tcxi 2
yailanilal silavaia-jangamanam
aima-svaiupcna nivisia ïsci
cvam paio blagavan vasudcval
lsciiajna aimcdam anupiavisial
yaila-as mucl as; anilal-ilc aii; silavaia-ol ilc nonmoving living cniiiics;
jangamanam-and ol ilc moving living cniiics; aima-svaiupcna-by His cxpansion as
ilc Supcisoul; nivisia-cnicicd; ïsci-coniiols; cvam-ilus; paial-iiansccndcnial;
blagavan-ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; vasudcval-ilc slclici ol
cvciyiling; lsciiajna-lnown as lsciiajna; aima-ilc viial loicc; idam- ilis maiciial
woild; anupiavisial-cnicicd wiilin.
"Hc is lull ol all opulcnccs, and Hc is ilc icsiing placc ol cvciyiling maiciial.
Hc is ilcicloic lnown as Vasudcva, ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad. ly His
own poicncy Hc is picscni wiilin ilc lcaiis ol all living cniiiics, jusi as ilc aii oi
viial loicc is wiilin ilc bodics ol all bcings, moving and nonmoving. In ilis way
Hc coniiols ilc body. In His paiiial lcaiuic ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad
cnicis all bodics and coniiols ilcm."¯
Tcxi 3
aima-svaiupcna piana-iupcna nivisia ïscd ïsiia niyamayaii. idam visvam.
aima-svaiupcna-aima-svaiupcna; piana-iupcna-in ilc loim ol ilc viial loicc;
nivisia-cnicicd; ïsci-coniiols; ïsiia-is ilc coniiollci; niyamayaii-coniiols; idam-ilis;
visvam.-univcisc.
Hcic ilc woid "aima-svaiupcna" mcans "in ilc loim ol ilc viial loicc", "nivisia
ïsci" mcans Hc cnicis and coniiols", and "idam" mcans ilis maiciial univcisc".
Tcxi +
siuiis ca
vayui yailailo bluvanam piavisio
iupam iupam piaiiiupo babluva
clas iaila saiva-bluianiaiaima
iupam iupam piaiiiupo balis ca
iii lailalc.
siuiil-ilc Siuii-sasiia; ca-also; vayul-aii; yaila-as; clal-onc; bluvanam-woild;
piavisial-cnicicd; iupam-loim; iupam-loim; piaiiiupal-in cvciy loim; babluva-
was; clal-onc; iaila-so; saiva-bluianiaiaima-ilc Supcisoul in ilc lcaiis lo all
living bcings; iupam-loim; iupam-loim; piaiiiupal-in cvciy loim; balil-ouisidc;
ca-also; iii-ilus; lailalc--in ilc Kaila Upanisad.
A similai cxamplc is givcn in ilcsc woids ol ilc Kaila Upanisad (2.2.10):
"As ilc aii ilai cnicis all living bcings is onc, so ilc Supcisoul wlo cnicis ilc
lcaiis ol all living bcings is a singlc pcison."
Tcxi 5
siï-bialmano ialuganam.
siï-bialmanal-a bialmana; ialuganam-io King Ralugana.
Tlc vcisc quoicd in ilc bcginning ol ilis anucclcda was spolcn by a bialmana
io King Ralugana.
Anuccheda 6
Tcxi 1
iaila
cla cva paio ly aima
saivcsam cva dclinam
nancva gilyaic mudlaii
yaila jyoiii yaila nablal
iaila-so; cla-onc; cva-indccd; paial-i; li-indccd; aima-Supcisoul; saivcsam-ol
all; cva-indccd; dclinam-cmbodicd bcings; nana-many; iva-as il; gilyaic-is
acccpicd; mudlail-by lools; yaila-as; jyoiil-ligli; yaila-as; nablal-ilc sly.
Tlai ilc many loims ol ilc Supcisoul aic all onc pcison only is also conliimcd
by ilc lollowing cxamplc givcn in Siïmad-llagavaiam (10.5+.++):
"lcwildcicd lools ilinl ilai ilc Supcisoul, wlo icsidcs in all cmbodicd bcings,
is many dillcicni pcisons. Tlc iiuil is ilai Hc is a singlc iiansccndcnial pcison.
As ilc sly is onc, and as a llamc is onc, so ilc Supcisoul is a singlc pcison."
Tcxi 2
dclinam jïvanam. aima paiamaima. siï-baladcval siï-iulminïm.
dclinam-dclinam; jïvanam.-ol ilc individal spiiii souls; aima-aima;
paiamaima.-ilc Supcisoul; siï-baladcval-Siï laladcva; siï-iulminïm-io Siï
Rulminï.
Hcic ilc woid "dclinam" mcans "ol ilc individual spiiii souls", and ilc woid
"aima" mcans ilc Supcisoul". Tlis vcisc was spolcn by Loid lalaiama io Siïmaiï
Rulminï.
Anuccheda 7
Tcxi 1
cvam
cla cva paio ly aima
bluicsv aimany avasiliial
yailcndui uda-paiicsu
bluiany claimalani ca
cvam-ilus; cla-onc; cva-indccd; paial-iiansccndcnial; li-indccd; aima-
Supcisoul; bluicsv-in ilc living bcings; aimani-in ilc lcaii; avasiliial-siiuaicd;
yaila-as; indul-ilc moon; uda-paiicsu-in bodics ol waici; bluiani-clcmcnis; cla-
onc; aimalani--ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; ca-also.
Tlai ilc Supcisoul is a singlc pcison is also conliimcd by ilc lollowing woids
ol Siïmad-llagavaiam (11.1S.32):
"As ilc moon icllccicd in many bodics ol waici is a singlc moon, and as ilc
cniiic maiciial cicaiion is ilc cncigy ol ilc singlc Supicmc Loid, so ilc Supcisoul
icsiding in ilc lcaiis ol all living bcings is a singlc pcison."
Tcxi 2
bluicsu jïvcsu cla cva paia aima. na iv asau jïva-vai iaiia iaiia lipio blavaiïiy
ala aimani sva-svaiupa cvavasiliial. bluiani jïva-dcla api ycna laiana-
iupcnailaimalanïii. siï-blagavan uddlavam.
bluicsu-bluicsu; jïvcsu-in ilc individual spiiii souls; cla-onc; cva-indccd;
paia-i; aima.-Supcisoul; na-noi; iv-bui; asau-Hc; jïva-vai-lilc ilc individual soul;
iaiia-ilcic; iaiia-ilcic; lipial-anoinicd; blavaii-is; iii-ilus; ala-said; aimani-in ilc
Supcisoul; sva-svaiupa-in His own loim; cva-indccd; avasiliial-siiuaicd; bluiani-
ilc maiciial clcmcnis; jïva-dcla-ilc body ol ilc individual soul; api-cvcn; ycna-by
wlicl; laiana-iupcna-as ilc causc; cla-onc; aimalani-scll; iii-ilus; siï-blagavan-
ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; uddlavam-io Uddlava.
Hcic ilc woid "bluicsu" mcans "in ilc individual spiiii souls". Tlc Supcisoul
icsiding in ilosc souls is a singlc pcison (cla cva paio ly aima). Howcvci, ilc
Supcisoul is noi lilc ilc individual souls, wlo aic coniaminaicd by ilc ioucl ol
maiciial naiuic. "Aimani" mcans siiuaicd in His own loim", and "bluiani" mcans
ilc maiciial bodics ol ilc individual souls". Aimalani" indicaics ilai ilc
Supicmc Loid is ilc cicaioi ol ilc maiciial bodics.
Anuccheda 8
Tcxi 1
cvam clasya puiusasya nanaivam upapadya iasya punai amsa viviiyanic. aiia
dvi-vidla amsal svamsa viblinnamsas ca. viblinnamsas iaiasila-saliy-aimala jïva
iii valsyaic. svamsas iu guna-lïlady-avaiaia-blcdcna vividlal. iaiia lïlady-avaiaial
piasanga-sangaiya siï-lisna-sandaiblc valsyanic.
cvam-ilus; clasya-ol onc; puiusasya-puiusa-avaiai; nanaivam-vaiiciy;
upapadya-is cxplaincd; iasya-ol Him; punal-again; amsa-paiis; viviiyanic-aic
cxplaincd; aiia-lcic; dvi-vidla-iwo linds; amsal-paiis; svamsa-own paiis;
viblinnamsal-scpaiaicd paiis; ca.-also; viblinnamsal-scpaiaicd paiis; iaiasila-
saliy-aimala-maiginal poicncy; jïva-individual souls; iii-ilus; valsyaic.-will bc
cxplaincd; svamsal-own paiis; iu-bui; guna-lïlady-avaiaia-blcdcna-wiil
dillcicnccs oil guna and lila avaiaias; vividlal.-vaiious; iaiia-ilcic; lïlady-
avaiaial-bcginning wiil lila avaiaias; piasanga-sangaiya-by coniaci; siï-lisna-
sandaiblc-in Siï Kisna-sandaibla; valsyanic.-will bc cxplaincd; gunavaiaia-guna
avaiaias; yaila-as.
In ilis way ii las bccn cxplaincd ilai alilougl ilc puiusa-avaiaia is a singlc
pcison, Hc ncvciilclcss cxpands in many dillcicni loims. Tlc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad las iwo linds ol cxpansions: 1. svamsa (pcisonal
cxpansions), and 2. viblinnamsa (scpaiaicd cxpansions). Tlc Loid's scpaiaicd
cxpansions aic ilc individual spiiii souls, wlo aic all ilc Loid's maiginal poicncy
(iaiasila-salii). Tlc Loid's pcisonal cxpansions aic His many incainaiions, sucl
as His guna-avaiais and lïla-avaiaias. Tlc Loid's lïla-avaiaias and oilci
incainaiions will bc dcsciibcd laici in ilc Siï Kisna-sandaibla.
Tcxi 2
gunavaiaia yaila
adav abluc claia-dliii iajasasya saigc
visnul siliiau liaiu-paiii dvija-dlaima-sciul
iudio 'py ayaya iamasa puiusal sa adya
iiy udblava-siliii-layal saiaiam piajasu
gunavaiaia-guna-avaiaias; yaila-as; adav-in ilc bcginning; ablui-was; claia-
dliii-lialma; iajasa-wiil passion; asya-ol wlom; saigc-in ilc cicaiion; visnul-
Lois Visnu; siliiau-in ilc siiuaiion; liaiu-paiil-ilc Loid ol saciilicc; dvija-
dlaima-sciul-ilc icligious duiics ol ilc bialmanas; iudial-Loid Siva; api-also;
apayaya-loi dcsiiuciion; iamasa-wiil ignoiancc; puiusal-il puiusa avaiaia; sa-Hc;
adya-iiansccndcnial; iii-ilus; udblava-cicaiion; siliii-mainicnancc; layal-and
dcsiiuciion; saiaiam-always; piajasu-in ilc living cniiiics.
Tlc guna-avaiaias aic dcsciibcd in ilcsc woids ol Siïmad-llagavaiam (11.+.5):
"In ilc bcginning ol cicaiion ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad manilcsicd
ilc incainaiion ol lialma io cicaic ilc woild iliougl ilc modc ol passion, Visnu,
ilc masici ol saciiliccs and ilc objcci ol ilc bialmanas' woislip, io mainiain ilc
woild iliougl ilc modc ol goodncss, and Siva io dcsiioy ilc woild iliougl ilc
modc ol ignoiancc. In ilis way ilc icsidcnis ol ilc maiciial woild aic always
subjcci io cicaiion, mainicnancc, and dcsiiuciion."
Tcxi 3
sa yugapai guna-iiayadlisilaiadyal puiusal piilal piilag api iai-iad-
gunadlisilana-lïlayaiva adau iajasa asya jagaial saigc visaigc laiyc saia-dliiii
bialmablui. siliiau visnul saiivcncii scsal.
sa-Hc; yugapai-ai ilc samc iimc; guna-iiayadlisilaiadyal-bcginning wiil ilc
coiniollcis ol ilc ilicc modcs; puiusal-ilc puiusa; piilal piilag-spccilic; api-
also; iai-iad-gunadlisilana-lïlaya-by ilc pasiimc lo coniiolling ilc modcs; cva-
indccd; adau-bcginning; iajasa-by passion; asya-ol ilai; jagaial-univcisc; saigc-in
cicaiion; visaigc-in ssccondaiy cicaiion; laiyc-in aciion; saia-dliiil-lialma;
bialma-lialma; ablui.-was; siliiau-in mainicnancc; visnul-Visnu; saiivcna-wiil
goodncss; iii-ilus; scsal-ilc icmaindci.
Tlis vcisc mcans ilai ilc puiusa-avaiaia (adyal puiusal) is ilc coniiollci ol
all ilicc modcs ol naiuic. In His pasiimc ol coniiolling ilc vaiious modcs, Hc liisi
bccomcs lialma (saia-dliiil) and wiil ilc modcs ol passion (iajasa) cngagcs in
ilc aciiviiics ol sccondaiy cicaiion (saigc). Tlcn Hc bccomcs Visnu wlo cmploys
ilc modc ol goodncss. In ilis way ilc icmaindci ol ilc vcisc is io bc undcisiood.
Tcxi +
iaiia salsad gunanuliis ca iasyaii-ioliia-svaiupaiaya iai-
sambandlopacaiasyapy uiianlanam ayuliam iiy ablipiaycna. palana-laiiiivcna
liaiu-paiis iai-plala-daia. yajna-iupas iu lïlavaiaia-madlyc cva siï-bialmana
dviiïyc ganiial.
iaiia-ilcic; salsai-diiccily; guna-modc; anuliil-non-siaicmcni; ca-and; iasya-ol
ilai; aii-ioliia-svaiupaiaya-wiil an cxpandcd loim; iai-sambandla-in iclaiion;
upacaiasya-ol woislip; api-also; uiianlanam-binding; ayuliam-impiopci; iii-ilus;
ablipiaycna.-ilc mcaning; palana-laiiiivcna-by pioicciion; liaiu-paiil-liaiu-paii;
iai-plala-daia.-ilc givci ol icsulis; yajna-iupal-ilc loim ol yajna; iu-indccd;
lïlavaiaia-madlyc-among ilc ilavaiaias; cva-indccd; siï-bialmana-by lialma;
dviiïyc-in ilc sccond; ganiial-considcicd.
Noic ilai in ilis vcisc ilc modc ol goodncss is noi spccilically siaicd in iclaiion
io Loid Visnu. Tlis is bccausc Loid Visnu is bcyond all ilc modcs ol maiciial
naiuic and ii is noi ically piopci io say ilai Hc las coniaci wiil ilc maiciial
modcs. lccausc Hc is ilc pioiccioi, Loid Visnu givcs ilc icsulis ol all saciiliccs.
Tlai is ilc mcaning ol ilc woid liaiu-paiil". Tlis is cxplaincd by Loid lialma
in ilc Sccond Canio ol Siïmad-llagavaiam.
Tcxi 5
dvijanam dlaimanam ca sciul palala iiy aiilal. iamasa iasyapy apyayaya
iudio 'blud iiy ancna pialaicnodblava-siliii-laya blavaniïii. aiia bialma-
iudiayoi avaiaiavasaio molsa-dlaimc vivilio 'sii. yaila
dvijanam-ol ilc lialmanas; dlaimanam-ol duiics; ca-and; sciul-ilc biidgc;
palala-ilc pioiccioi; iii-ilus; aiilal.-ilc mcaning; iamasa-by ignoiancc; iasya-ol
Him; api-also; apyayaya-loi dcsiiuciion; iudial-Rudia; ablui-was; iii-ilus; ancna-
by Him; pialaicna-by ilc way; udblava-cicaiion; siliii-mainicnancc; laya-
dcsiiuciion; blavanii-aic; iii-ilus; aiia-lcic; bialma-iudiayol-ol lialma and
Siva; avaiaiavasaial-ilc occasion ol bcing incainaiions; molsa-dlaimc-in ilc
Molsa-dlaima; vivilial-disiinguislcd; asii-is; yaila-as.
Tlc woid "dvija-dlaima-sciul" mcans "ilc pioiccioi ol ilc bialmanas'
duiics". Tlc Loid also bccomcs Siva io dcsiioy ilc univcisc by cmploying ilc
modc ol ignoiancc (iamasa apyayaya iudial). In ilis way ilc cicaiion,
mainicnancc, and dcsiiuciion ol ilc univciscs is pciloimcd (udblava-siliii-layal).
Tlc posiiion ol lialma and Siva as guna-avaiaias is dcsciibcd in ilc lollowing
woids ol ilc Molsa-dlaiama:
Tcxi 6
bialmc iaiii-lsayc piapic
iasya ly amiia-icjasal
piasadai piaduiablavai
padmam padma-niblclsana
bialmc-ol lialma; iaiii-lsayc-ilc cnd ol ilc day; piapic-aiiaincd; iasya-ol lim;
li-indccd; amiia-icjasal-limiilcss powci; piasadai-liom ilc mcicy; piaduiablavai-
was manilcsicd; padmam-loius; padma-niblclsana-O loius-cycd onc.
"O loius-cycd onc, ai ilc cnd ol lialma's day a loius llowci is manilcsicd liom
ilc mcicy ol ilc limiilcssly powcilul Loid.
Tcxi 7
iaio bialma samablavai
sa iasyaiva piasada-jal
alnal lsayc lalaiac ca
suio dcvasya vai iaila
liodlavisiasya samjajnc
iudial samlaia-laialal. iii.
iaial-liom ilai; bialma-lialma; samablavai-boin; sa-lc; iasya-ol lim; cva-
indccd; piasada-jal-boin liom ilc mcicy; alnal-ol ilc day; lsayc-ai ilc cnd;
lalaiai-liom ilc loiclcad; ca-and; suial-son; dcvasya-ol ilc Loicd; vai-indccd;
iaila-so; liodla-angci; avisiasya-cnicicd; samjajnc-is boin; iudial-Rudia;
samlaia-laialal.-ilc dcsiioyci; iii.-ilus.
"Iiom ilis loius is boin lialma. Tlus lialma is boin liom ilc Supicmc Loid's
mcicy. Ai ilc cnd ol lis day lialma bccomcs angiy and liom lis loiclcad Siva is
boin."
Tcxi S
siï-visnos iu iiiïyc disyaic
ial-lola-padmam sa u cva visnul
piavïvisai saiva-gunavablasam
iasmin svayam vcdamayo vidlaia
svayambluvam yam sma vadanii so 'blui. iii.
siï-visnol-ol Loid Visnu; iu-indccd; iiiïyc-in ilci iliid; disyaic-is sccn; iai-
ilai; lola-univcisal; padmam-loius llowci; sa-Hc; u-cciiainly; cva-laciually;
visnul-ilc Loid; piavïvisai-cnicicd inio; saiva-all; gunavablasam-icscivoii ol all
modcs ol naiuic; iasmin-in wlicl; svayam-in pcison; vcdamayal-ilc pcisonaliiy
ol Vcdic wisdom; vidlaia-coniiollci ol ilc univcsic; svayambluvam-scll-boin;
yam-wlom; sma-in ilc pasi; vadanii-do say; sal-Hc; ablui-gcnciaicd; iii.-ilus.
Loid Visnu is dcsciibcd in ilc lollowing woids ol Siïmad-llagavaiam (3.S.15):
"inio ilai univcisal loius llowci Loid Visnu pcisonally cnicicd as ilc
Supcisoul, and wlcn ii was ilus impicgnaicd wiil all ilc modcs ol maiciial
naiuic, ilc pcisonaliiy ol Vcdic wisdom, wlom wc call ilc scll-boin, was
gcnciaicd."¯
Tcxi 9
asyaiilal ial-lolaimalam padmam. saiva-gunan jïva-blogyan aiilan
avablasayaiïii iaila. iad yasmaj jaiam sa siï-naiayanallyal puiusa cva visnu-
samjnal san silapana-iupaniaiyamiiayai piavïvisai. pialaiscnalupia-
saliiiayaivavisai. svaiilc nic. iasmin siï-visnuna labdla-siliiau padmc punal
sisiy-aiilam svayam cva bialmablui. siliiasyaiva mid-adci glaiadiiaya sisicl.
asya-ol ilai; aiilal-ilc mcaning; ial-lolaimalam-ol ilai woild; padmam.-ilc
loius; saiva-gunan-all modcs; jïva-blogyan-ilc soul's cxpciicncc; aiilan-mcaning;
avablasayaiimanilcsis; iii-ilus; iaila.-so; iai-ilai; yasmai-liom wlom; jaiam-boin;
sa-Hc; siï-naiayanallyal-namcd Siï Naiayana; puiusa-ilc puiusa; cva-indccd;
visnu-samjnal-namcd Visnu; san-bcing so; silapana-iupa-ilc loim ol
mainiaining; aniaiyamiiayai-io ilc Supcisoul; piavïvisai.-cnicicd; pialaiscna-
pulling; alupia-noi omiiicd; saliiiaya-wiil ilc poicncy; aivavisai-cnicicd; svaiilc-
mcaning; nic.-nic; iasmin-in ilai; siï-visnuna-by Loid Visnu; labdla-aiiaincd;
siliiau-in mainicnancc; padmc-loius; punal-again; sisiy-aiilam-loi cicaiion;
svayam-pcisonally; cva-indccd; bialma-lialma; ablui-was; siliiasya-siiuaicd;
cva-indccd; mid-adcl-bcginning wiil clay; glaiadiiaya-bcginnign wiil a poi;
sisicl-ol cicaiion.
Hcic ilc woid "ial-lola-padmam" mcans "ilai loius woild", "saiva-
gunavablasam" mcans "ilc manilcsiaiion ol ilc modcs ol naiuic cxpciicnccd by
ilc individual souls", "visnul piavïvisai" mcans Loid Visnu, wlo is lnown as
Naiayana, cnicicd io bccomc ilc mainiainci and ilc Supcisoul". Tlc Loid cnicicd
by ilc powci ol His invinciblc poicncy. Hcic is uscd ilc giammaiical loim callcd
nic. Tlcn, in oidci io cicaic ilc maiciial woild, Loid Visnu cnicicd ilis (iasmin)
loius llowci and pcisonally (svayam) bccamc lialma. Tlcn, as a poiici laslions
pois and oilci ilings liom clay, ilc Loid laslioncd ilc maiciial univcisc liom ilc
vaiious maiciial ingicdicnis.
Tcxi 10
aia cva siliiy-adayc laii-viiinci-laicii samjnal iiy anyaiiapi.
aia cva-ilcicloic; siliiy-adayc laii-viiinci-laicii samjnal iii-Siïmad-
llagavaiam 1.2.23; anyaiia-in anoilci placc; api-also.
Tlis is also dcsciibcd in ilc lollowing woids ol Siïmad-llagavaiam (1.2.23):
"Tlc iiansccndcnial Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad is indiiccily associaicd
wiil ilc ilicc modcs ol maiciial naiuic, namcly passion, goodncss, and ignoiancc,
and jusi loi ilc maiciial woild's cicaiion, mainicnancc, and dcsiiuciion Hc acccpis
ilc ilicc qualiiaiivc loims ol lialma, Visnu, and Siva."¯
Tcxi 11
siï-diavido nimim.
siï-diavidal-Siï Diavida; nimim-io Nimi.
Tlc vcisc quoicd in ilc bcginning ol ilis anucclcda was spolcn by Siï Diavida
io King Nimi.
Anuccheda 9
Tcxi 12
cvam yo va alam ca giiisas ca viblul svayam ca iiy adau iiipai iii.
cvam-ilus; yo va alam ca giiisas ca viblul svayam ca iiy adau iiipai iii-Siïmad-
llagavaiam 3.9.16.
Tlis is also dcsciibcd in ilc lollowing piayci addicsscd io Loid Visnu (Siïmad-
llagavaiam 3.9.16):
"Youi Loidslip is ilc piimc iooi ol ilc iicc ol ilc planciaiy sysicms. Tlis iicc
las giown by liisi pcnciiaiing ilc maiciial naiuic in ilicc iiunls-as mc, Siva, and
You, ilc almigliy-loi cicaiion, mainicnancc, and dissoluiion, and wc ilicc lavc
giown wiil many bianclcs. Tlcicloic I ollci my obcisanccs unio You, ilc iicc ol
ilc cosmic manilcsiaiion."¯
Tcxi 13
iïla ca yo vai clas iiipai iiayo bialmadayal padal slandla yasya iiy csa.
iïla-commcniaiy; ca-and yo vai clas iiipai-yo vai clas iiipai; iiayal-ilicc;
bialmadayal-bcginning wiil lialma; padal-padas; slandlal-iiunls; yasya-ol
wlom; iii-ilus; csa-ii.
Siïla Siïdlaia Svamï commcnis:
"Tlc woids yo vai clas iiipai' mcan ilc guna-avaiaias lcadcd by lialma aic
ilicc iiunls liom Him'."
Tcxi 1+
vilsa-iupaivcna iad-vainanad csam slandlaivam. bialma siï-gaiblodasayinam
vilsa-iupaivcna-wiil ilc loim ol a iicc; iad-vainanai-liom ilai dcsciipiion;
csam-ol ilcm; slandlaivam.-ilc siaius ol iiunls; bialma-lialma; siï-
gaiblodasayinam-io Siï Ga+iblodalasayï Visnu.
Tlus ilcy aic dcsciibcd as iiunls ol a iicc. Tlis vcisc was spolcn by lialma io
Siï Gaiblodalasayï Visnu.
Anuccheda 10
Tcxi 1
icsam aviiblavo yaila
iapyamanam iii-bluvanam
pianayamaidlasagnina
niigaicna munci muidlnal
samïlsya piablavas iiayal
icsam-ol ilcm; aviiblaval-ilc manilcsiaiion; yaila-as; iapyamanam-wlilc
piaciicing ausiciiiics; iii-bluvanam-ilc ilicc woilds; pianayama-piaciicc by
bicailing cxcicisc; cdlasa-lucl; agnina-by ilc liic; niigaicna-issuing oui; muncl-ol
ilc gicai sagc; muidlnal-ilc iop ol ilc lcad; samïlsya-looling ovci; piablavas
iiayal-ilc ilicc gicai gods (lialma, Visnu, and Malcsvaia).
Tlc guna-avaiaias aic also dcsciibcd in ilcsc woids ol Siïmad-llagavaiam
(+.1.21-22):
"Wlcn Aiii Muni was cngagcd in ilcsc scvcic ausiciiiics, a blazing liic camc
oui ol lis lcad by viiiuc ol lis bicailing cxcicisc, and ilai liic was sccn by ilc
ilicc piincipal dciiics ol ilc ilicc woilds.¯
Tcxi 2
apsaio-muni-gandlaiva-
siddla-vidyadlaioiagail
viiayamana-yasasas
iad-asiama-padam yayul. iiy adi.
apsaial-lcavcnly sociciy womcn; muni-gicai sagcs; gandlaiva-ilc inlabiianis
ol ilc Gandlaiva planci; siddla-ol Siddlalola; vidyadlaia-oilci dcmigods;
uiagail-ilc inlabiianis ol Nagalola; viiayamana-bcing spicad; yasasal-lamc,
icpuiaiion; iai-lis; asiama-padam-lcimiiagc; yayul.-wcn; iii-ilus; adi.-bcginning.
"Ai ilai iimc, ilc ilicc Dciiics appioaclcd ilc lcimiiagc ol Aiii Muni,
accompanicd by ilc dcnizcns ol ilc lcavcnly plancis, sucl as ilc cclcsiial
bcauiics, ilc Gandlaivas, ilc Siddlas, ilc Vidyadlaias, and ilc Nagas. Tlus ilcy
cnicicd ilc asiama ol ilc gicai sagc, wlo lad bccomc lamous by lis ausiciiiics."¯
Tcxi 3
munci aiicl. siï-maiiicyo viduiam.
muncl-muncl; aiicl.-ol Aiii; siï-maiiicyal-Siï Maiiicya; viduiam-io Viduia.
Hcic ilc woid "muncl" mcans "ol Aiii Muni". Tlis vcisc was spolcn by Siï
Maiiicya io Viduia.
Anuccheda 11
Tcxi 1
yaila va
saiasvaiyas iaic iajan
isayal saiiam asaic
viiailal samablui icsam
iiisv adlïscsu lo malan iiy adi iiilasal.
yaila-as; va-oi; saiasvaiyal-ol ilc Saiasvaii; iaic-on ilc banl; iajan-O ling;
isayal-sagcs; saiiam-saciilicc; asaic-do; viiailal-sipuic; samablui-aiosc; icsam-ol
ilcm; iiisv-in ilc ilicc; adlïscsu-dcmigods; lal-wlo'; malan-ilc gicaicsi; iii-
ilus; adi-bcginning; iiilasal-ilc sioiy.
Tlis is also dcsciibcd in ilc sioiy naiiaicd in Siïmad-llagavaiam, Canio Tcn,
Clapici Ligliy-ninc, wlicl bcgins wiil ilis vcisc (Siïmad-llagavaiam 10.S9.1):
"Long ago ilcic was an asscmbly ol gicai sagcs on ilc banl ol ilc iivci
Saiasvaiï, and ilcy pciloimcd a gicai saciilicc ol ilc namc Saiiayajna. In sucl
asscmblics, ilc gicai sagcs picscni usually discuss Vcdic subjcci maiicis and
plilosoplical iopics, and in ilis paiiiculai mcciing ilc lollowing qucsiion was
iaiscd: Tlc ilicc picdominaiing dciiics ol ilc maiciial woild, namcly Loid
lialma, Loid Visnu, and Loid Siva, aic diicciing all ilc allaiis ol ilis cosmos, bui
wlo among ilcm is ilc Supicmc'"¯
Tcxi 2
aiia siï-visnol silanam ca lsïiodadilam padmoiiaia-llandadau jagai-palana-
nimiiiila-nivcdanaiilam bialmadayas iaiia mului gacclaniïii piasiddlcl.
visnulolaiaya piasiddlcs ca. bilai-salasia-namni ca lsiiabdli-mandiia iii ian-
nama-ganc pailyaic. svciadvïpa-paicl lvacid aniiuddlaiaya llyaiis ca. iasya
salsad cvaviiblava iiy apclsaycii. siï-sulal.
aiia-lcic; siï-visnol-ol Loid Visnu; silanam-ilc posiiion; ca-and;
lsïiodadilam-bcginning wiil ilc mill occan; padmoiiaia-llandadau-bcginning
wiil ilc Padma Puiana, Uiiaia-llanda; jagai-ol ilwc woilds; palana-pioicciion;
nimiiiila-causc; nivcdana-icqucsi; aiilam-loi ilc puiposc; bialmadayal-lcadcd
by lialma; iaiia-ilcic; mulul-again and again; gacclanii-go; iii-ilus;
piasiddlcl.-liom ilc piool; visnulolaiaya-as ilc planci ol Loid Visnu;
piasiddlcl-liom ilc piool; ca.-also; bilai-salasia-namni-in ilc lilai-salasia-
namna; ca-also; lsiiabdli-mandiia-in ilc abodc mol ilc mill occan; iii-ilus; ian-
nama-ganc-in claniing His loly namcs; pailyaic-is icad; svciadvïpa-paicl-ol ilc
masici ol Svciadvipa; lvacii-somwclcic; aniiuddlaiaya-as Aniiuddla; llyaiil-
cclcbiaicd; ca.-and; iasya-ol Him; salsai-diiccily; cva-indccd; aviiblava-
manilcsiaiion; iii-ilus; apclsaya-in iclaiion; iii.-ilus; siï-sulal-Siï Suladcva
Gosvami.
Tlis iiuil (ilai Loid Visnu is ilc Supicmc) is also piovcd by ilc laci ilai
lialma and ilc oilci dcmigods again and again go io ilc mill-occan and ilc
oilci abodcs ol Loid Visnu io bcg ilc Loid loi pioicciion, and also by ilc laci ilai
ilc iiansccndcnial icalm ol Loid Visnu is cclcbiaicd abovc all oilcis. Ioi cxamplc,
ilc Loid's abodc is gloiilicd in ilc lilai-salasia-nama, wlicl counis "lsïiabdli-
mandiia" (Hc wlosc palacc is on ilc mill-occan) among Loid Visnu's namcs. In
somc placcs in ilc sciipiuics, Loid Aniiuddla is callcd svciadvïpa-paii" (ilc
masici ol Svciadvïpa). Loid Aniiuddla is a diicci incainaiion ol Loid Visnu. Tlc
vcisc quoicd in ilc bcginning ol ilis anucclcda was spolcn by Siïla Suladcva
Gosvamï.
Anucchedas 12 and 13
Tcxi 1
cvam paiïlsaya iaiia iii-dcvyas iaiaiamyam api spluiam. iaila canyaiia
dvaycnala
cvam-ilus; paiïlsaya-by a icsi; iaiia-ilcic; iii-dcvyal-ilc ilicc dcmigods;
iaiaiamyam-ilc vaiious siaiuscs; api-also; spluiam.-clcaily sccn; iaila-so; ca-also;
anyaiia-in anoilci placc; dvaycna-by iwo vciscs; ala-said.
In ilis sioiy (Siïmad-llagavaiam, Canio Tcn, Clapici Ligliy-ninc) a cciiain
icsi clcaily dcicimincs ilc iclaiivc impoiiancc ol ilc ilicc Dciiics (Visnu, lialma,
and Siva). Tlc iclaiivc ol impoiiancc ol ilcsc ilicc Dciiics is also cxplaincd in iwo
vciscs ol Siïmad-llagavaiam. Tlc liisi ol ilcsc vciscs is givcn lcic (Siïmad-
llagavaiam 1.2.23):
Tcxi 2
saiivam iajas iama iii pialiici gunas iaii
yulial paial puiusa cla ilasya dlaiic
siliiy-adayc laii-viiinca-laicii-samjnal
sicyamsi iaiia llalu saiiva-ianoi ninam syul
saiivam-goodncss; iajal-passion; iama-ilc dailncss ol ignoiancc; iii-ilus;
pialiicl-ol maiciial naiuic; gunal-qualiiics; iail-by ilcm; yulial-associaicd wiil;
paial-iiansccndcnial; puiusal-ilc pcisonaliiy; cla-onc; ila asya-ol ilis maiciial
woild; dlaiic-acccpis; siliiy-adayc-loi ilc maiici ol cicaiion, mainicnancc, and
dcsiiuciion, cic.; laii-Visnu, ilc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; viiinca-lialma; laia-
Loid Siva; iii-ilus; samjnal-dillcicni lcaiuics; sicyamsi-uliimaic bcnclii; iaiia-
ilcicin; llalu-ol couisc; saiiva-goodncss; ianol-loim; ninam-ol ilc luman bcing;
syul-dciivcd.
"ilc iiansccndcnial Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad is indiiccily associaicd wiil ilc
ilicc modcs ol maiciial naiuic, namcly passion, goodncss, and ignoiancc, and jusi
loi ilc maiciial woild's cicaiion, mainicnancc, and dcsiiuciion Hc acccpis ilc
ilicc qualiiaiivc loims ol lialma, Visnu, and Siva. Ol ilcsc ilicc, all luman
bcings can dciivc uliimaic bcnclii liom Visnu, ilc loim ol ilc qualiiy ol
goodncss."¯
Tcxi 3
ila yadyapy cla cva paial puman asya visvasya siliiy-adayc siliii-sisii-
layaiilam iail saiivadiblii yulial piilal piilal iai-iad-adlisilaia. iailapi paias
iad-asamslisial san laii-viiinci-laicii samjna blinna dlaiic. iai-iad-
iupcnaviiblavaiïiy aiilal. iailapi iaiia icsam madlyc sicyamsi dlaimaiila-lama-
molsa-blaliy-allyani saiiva-ianoi adlisiliia-saiiva-salicl siï-visnoi cva syul.
ila-lcic; yadyapi-alilougl; cla-onc; cva-indccd; paial-supicmc; puman-
pcison; asya-ol ilis; visvasya-univcisc; siliiy-adayc-bcginning wiil mainicnancc;
siliii-sisii-laya-mainicnancc, cicaiion, and dcsiiuciion; aiilam-ilc mcaning; iail-
by ilcm; saiivadiblil-bcginning wiil goodncss; yulial-cngagcd; piilal piilal-
scpaiaicly; iai-iad-adlisilaia-ilc coniiollci ol ilcm; iailapi-ncvciilclcss; paial-
supicmc; iad-asamslisial-noi iouclcd by ilcm; san-bcing so; laii-viiinci-laia-
lialma, Visnu, a dn Siba; iii-ilus; samjna-namcs; blinna-dillcicni; dlaiic.-placcs;
iai-iad-iupcna-in ilcsc loims; aviiblavaii-manilcsis; iii-ilus; aiilal-ilc mcaning;
iailapi-siill; iaiia-ilcci; icsam-ol ilcm; madlyc-in ilc midsi; sicyamsi-ilc bcsi;
dlaimaiila-lama-molsa-blaliy-allyani-callcd icligion, cconomic dcvclopmcni,
scnsc giaiilicaiion, libciaiion, and dcvoiional scivicc; saiiva-ianol-ol ilc loim ol
goodncss; adlisiliia-manilcsicd; saiiva-salicl-ol ilc powci ol goodncss; siï-
visnol-ol Loid Visnu; cva-indccd; syul.-aic.
Tlis vcisc mcans: "Lvcn ilougl (api) Hc cmploys goodncss and ilc oilci
modcs ol maiciial naiuic (iail) io cicaic, mainiain, and dcsiioy (siliiy-adayc) ilc
maiciial univcisc, ilc onc (clal) Supicmc Pcison (paial) icmains always
uniouclcd by ilcsc ilicc modcs. In ilis way Hc appcais as ilc ilicc loims Visnu,
lialma, and Siva (laii-viiinca-laicii-samjnal). Ncvciilclcss, ilc bcsi icsulis aic
obiaincd liom Loid Visnu, wlo is ilc masici ol ilc poicncy ol goodncss (saiiva-
ianol). Tlcsc bcsi icsulis aic icligion, cconomic dcvclopmcni, scnsc giaiilicaiion,
libciaiion, and dcvoiional scivicc."
Tcxi +
ayam blaval upadli-disiya iau dvau scvamanc iajas-iamasoi gloia-
vimudlaivai blavanio 'pi dlaimaiila-lama naii-sullada blavanii. iailopadli-
iyagcna scvamanc blavann api molso na salsan na jailiii. liniu lailam api
paiamaimamsa cvayam iiy anusandlanablyascnaiva paiamaimana cva blaviia.
ayam-ilis; blaval-ilc mcaning; upadli-disiya-by ilc sigli ol dcsignaiions;
iau-ilcy; dvau-boil; scvamanc-sciving; iajas-iamasol-ol passion and ignoiancc;
gloia-vimudlaivai-bccausc ol bcing loiiibly bcwildcicd; blavanial-bcing; api-
cvcn; dlaimaiila-lama-icligion, cconomic dcvclopmcni, and scnsc giailiciaiion;
na-noi; aii-gicai; sullada-biinging lappincss; blavanii-aic; iaila-so; upadli-
iyagcna-by icnouncing dcsignaiions; scvamanc-sciving; blavann-bcing so; api-
cvcn; molsal-libciaiion; na-noi; salsai-diiccily; na-noi; jailiii.-ai oncc; liniu-
lowcvci; lailam api-in somc way; paiamaimamsa-a paii ol ilc Supcisoul; cva-
indccd; ayam-ilis; iii-ilus; anusandlanablyascna-bys caicling; cva-indccd;
paiamaimana-ol ilc Supcisoul; cva-indccd; blaviia-will bc.
Hcic is ilc mcaning: Onc wlo woislips lialma oi Siva wiil ilc idca ilai ilcy
aic ilc dciiics ol ilc modcs ol passion and ignoiancc obiains only icligion,
cconomic dcvclopmcni, and scnsc giaiilicaiion, wlicl biing only vciy liiilc
lappincss, as lis icsuli. Hc obiains only ilis bccausc lc is complcicly bcwildcicd
by ilc modcs ol passion and ignoiancc. Lvcn il lc abandons ilc idca ilai lialma
and Siva aic ilc Dciiics ol spccilic modcs, sucl a pcison cannoi ai oncc aiiain iiuc
libciaiion. Only wlcn lc undcisiands ilai lialma and Siva aic paiiial cxpansions
ol ilc Supcisoul, and wlcn lc siiivcs io lind ilc Supcisoul, can ilai pcison aiiain
iiuc libciaiion.
Tcxi 5
iaiia iaiia salsai paiamaimalaicnapialasai iasmai iablyam sicyamsi na
blavaniïii. ailopadli-disiyapi siï-visnum scvamanc saiivasya saniaivai
dlaimaiila-lama api sulladal.
iaiia iaiia-ilcic; salsai-diiccily; paiamaima-ol ilc Supcisul; alaicna-as a loim;
apialasai-bccausc ol non manilcsiaiion; iasmai-liom ilai; iablyam-by ilcm;
sicyamsi-ilc bcsi; na-noi; blavanii-aic; iii-ilus; aila-ilcn; upadli-disiya-by
sccing ilc dcsignaiion; api-also; siï-visnum-Loid Visnu; scvamanc-sciving;
saiivasya-ol goodncss; saniaivai-bccausc ol bcing pcacclul; dlaimaiila-lama-
icligion, scnsc giaiilcaiion, and libciaiion; api-also; sulladal.-giving lappincss.
Il onc docs noi scc ilcm as cxpansions ol ilc Supcisoul, onc will noi aiiain
auspiciousncss by woisliping lialma and Siva. Howcvci, cvcn ilinling Him only
ilc Dciiy ol ilc modc ol goodncss, il onc woislips Loid Visnu, onc will aiiain
auspiciousncss. Sucl a pcison will casily aiiain wlaicvci lappincss may bc
obiaincd liom icligion, cconomic dcvclopmcni, and scnsc giaiilicaiion. Hc obiains
ilis bccausc ol ilc pcacclul and auspicious naiuic ol ilc modc ol goodncss.
Tcxi 6
iaiia nislamaivcna iu na scvamanc saiivai sanjayaic jnanam iii. laivalyam
saiivilam jnanam iii colici molsas ca salsai.
iaiia-ilcic; nislamaivcna-wiiloui maiciial dcsiics; iu-bui; na-noi; scvamanc-
scivcs; saiivai sanjayaic jnanam iii-llagavad-giia 1+.17; laivalyam saiivilam
jnanam iii-Siïmad-llagavaiam 11.25.2+; ca-and; ulicl-ol ilc siaicmcni; molsal-
libciaiion; ca-and; salsai-diiccily.
Tlus by woisliping Loid Visnu wiiloui any maiciial dcsiics onc aiiains iiuc
libciaiion. Tlis is linicd by ilc lollowing woids ol llagavad-gïia (1+.17):
"Iiom ilc modc ol goodncss, ical lnowlcdgc dcvclops."¯
Ii is also linicd by ilcsc woids ol Siïmad-llagavaiam (11.25.2+):
"Tlc modc ol goodncss biings spiiiiual lnowlcdgc."
Tcxi 7
aia uliam slandc
bandlalo blava-pascna
blava-pasac ca mocalal
laivalyadal paiam bialma
visnui cva sanaianal. iii.
aial-ilcn; uliam-said; slandc-in ilc Saldna Puiana; bandlalal-bondagc;
blava-pascna-by ilc iopcs ol biiil and dcail; blava-pasai-liom ilc iopcs ol biiil
and dcail; ca-and; mocalal-iclcasing; laivalyadal-giving libciaiion; paiam-ilc
Supicmc; bialma-Absoluic; visnul-Loid Visnu; cva-indccd; sanaianal.-cicinal;
iii.-ilus.
Tlai ilc woislip ol Loid Visnu biings libciaiion is also conliimcd by ilc
lollowing woids ol ilc Slanda Puiana:
"Hc binds ilc souls wiil ilc iopcs ol biiil and dcail. Hc uniics ilc iopcs ol
biiil and dcail ilai bind ilc souls. Licinal Loid Visnu, ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy
ol Godlcad, biings libciaiion."
Tcxi S
upadli-paiiiyagcna iu pancama-puiusaiilo blaliii cva blavaii. iasya
paiamaimalaicnaiva pialasai. iasmai siï-visnoi cva sicyamsi syui iii.
upadli-paiiiyagcna-by abandoning ilc dcsignaiion; iu-bui; pancama-
puiusaiilal-ilc lilil goal ol lilc; blaliil-dcvoiional scivicc; cva-indccd; blavaii.-
is; iasya-ol Him; paiamaimalaicna-as a loim ol ilc Supcisoul; cva-indccd;
pialasai.-lioml ilc manilcsiaiion; iasmai-liom Him; siï-visnol-liom Loid Visnu;
cva-indccd; sicyamsi-ilc bcsi; syul-aic; iii-ilus.
ly giving up ilc idca ilai Loid Visnu is mcicly ilc Dciiy ol ilc modc ol
goodncss onc bccomcs cligiblc io aiiain dcvoiional scivicc, wlicl is ilc lilil goal
ol lilc (supciioi io ilc oilci loui goals: icligion, cconomic dcvclopmcni, scnsc
giaiilicaiion, and libciaiion). Sucl a pcison aiiains dcvoiional scivicc bccausc lc
undcisiands ilai Loid Visnu is idcniical wiil ilc Supcisoul. In ilis way all good
ilings (sicyamsi) comc liom woisliping Loid Visnu.
Tcxi 9
aiia iu yai-iiayanam ablcda-valycnopajapia-maiayo vivadanic. iaiicdam
liamal yadyapi iaiaiamyam idam adlisilana-gaiam cva. adlisilaia iu paial
puiusa cla cvcii blcdasamblavai. saiyam cvablcda-valyam iailapi iasya iaiia
iaiia salsaiivasalsaiiva-bcdcna pialascna iaiaiamyam duinivaiam cvcii sa-
disianiam ala
aiia-lcic; iu-bui; yai-wlicl; iiayanam-ol ilc ilicc; ablcda-valycna-by ilc
dcclaiaionm ol non-dillcicncc; upajapia-maiayal-ilcy wlo dcclaic ilc idca;
vivadanic-dcbaic; iaiia-ilcic; idam-ilus; liamal-in scqucncc; yadyapi-alilougl;
iaiaiamyam-iclaiivc impoiiancc; idam-ilis; adlisilana-csiablislmcni; gaiam-
aiiaincd; cva.-indccd; adlisilaia-ilc csiablislci; iu-indccd; paial-supciioi;
puiusa-ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; cla-onc; cva-indccd; iii-ilus;
blcdasamblavai-bccausc ol non0dillcicnicc; saiyam-iiuil; cva-indccd; ablcda-ol
non dillcicncc; valyam-siaicmcni; iailapi-ncvciilclcss; iasya-ol Him; iaiia-ilcic;
iaiia-ilcic; salsaiiva-diiccily; aasalsaiiva-noi diiccily; blcdcna-by dillcicncc;
pialascna-manilcsiaiion; iaiaiamyam-iclaiuvc impoiiancc; duinivaiam-dililculi io
picvcni; cva-cciiainly; iii-ilus; sa-disianiam-wiil an cxamplc; ala-said.
Somc plilosoplcis, claiming ilai ilc ilicc Dciiics lialma, Visnu, and Siva aic
idcniical in all icspccis, may dispuic ilcsc conclusions. Hcic is ilc cxplanaiion
givcn in Siïmad-llagavaiam (1.2.23): Alilougl ilc ilicc modcs ol naiuic aic noi
cqual, and aic indccd siiuaicd in dillcicni lcvcls ol mciii, ncvciilclcss, ilcy aic all
manilcsicd and coniiollcd by ilc onc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad (paial
puiusa clal). Tlcicloic ilc coniiollcis ol ilc modcs aic noi dillcicni liom Loid
Visnu. Tlcsc woids aic cciiainly ilc iiuil. Howcvci, lialma, Visnu, and Siva aic
siill dillcicni in ilc scnsc ilai somc aic diicci manilcsiaiions ol ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad and oilcis aic indiicci manilcsiaiions ol ilc Loid.
Tlcicloic onc cannoi icjcci ilc idca ilai ilc modcs and ilcii Dciiics aic siiuaicd
in dillcicni lcvcls ol impoiiancc. Tlis is dcsciibcd in ilc lollowing cxamplc givcn
by Siïmad-llagavaiam (1.2.2+):
Tcxi 10
paiilivad daiuno dlumas
iasmad agnis iiayïmayal
iamasas iu iajas iasmai
saiivam yad bialma-daisanai
paiilivai-liom caiil; daiunal-liicwood; dlumal-smolc; iasmai-liom ilai;
agnil-liic; iiayï-Vcdic saciiliccs; mayal-madc ol; iamasal-in ilc modc ol
ignoiancc; iu-bui; iajal-ilc modc ol passion; iasmai-liom ilai; saiivam-ilc modc
ol goodncss; yai-wlicl; bialma-ilc Absoluic Tiuil; daisanai-icalizaiion.
"Iiicwood is a iiansloimaiion ol caiil, bui smolc is bciici ilan ilc iaw wood.
And liic is siill bciici, loi by liic wc can dciivc ilc bcncliis ol supciioi lnowlcdgc
(iliougl Vcdic saciiliccs). Similaily, passion (iajas) is bciici ilan ignoiancc
(iamas), bui goodncss (saiiva) is bcsi bccausc by goodncss onc can comc io icalizc
ilc Absoluic Tiuil."¯
Tcxi 11
paiilivan na iu dlumavad amscnagncyai. iaia cva vcdolia-laimanal salsai
piaviiii-pialasa-ialiiad daiuno yajnïyan mailana-lasilai salasad amscnagncyo
dlumas iiayïmayal puivapclsaya vcdolia-laimadlilyaviiblavaspadam. iasmad
api svayam agnis iiayïmayal salsai iad-ulia-laimaviiblavaspadam. cvam lasila -
silanïyai saiiva-guna-viduiai iamasal salasad dluma-silanïyam lincii saiiva-
sanniliiam iajo bialma-daisanam. vcdolia-laima-silanïyasya iai-iad-avaiaiinal
puiusasya pialasa-dvaiam.
paiilivai-liom caiil; na-noi; iu-bui; dlumavai-lilc smolc; amscna-by a paii;
agncyai-lipm liic; iaia-liom ilai; cva-indccd; vcdolia-spolcn in ilc Vcdas;
laimanal-ol duiics; salsai-diiccily; piaviiii-aciion; pialasa-manilcsiaiion; ialiiai-
wiiloui; daiunal-liicwood; yajnïyan-suiiablc oli yajnas; mailana-lasilai-by
iubbing ilc wood; salasai-in ilc picscncc; amscna-by a paii; agncyal-posscssing
liic; dlumal-smolc; iiayïmayal-consisiing ol ilc ilicc Vcdas; puivapclsaya-in
iclaiion oi ilc picvious; vcdolia-spolcn in ilc Vcdas; laima-aciions; adlilya-
supciioiiiy; aviiblava-manilcsiaiion; aspadam-abodc; iasmai-liom ilai; api-cvcn;
svayam-pcisonally; agnil-liic; iiayïmayal-ilc ilicc Vcdas; salsai-diiccily; iad-
ulia-laimaviiblavaspadam-ilc manilcsiaiion ol ilc aciiviiics dcsciibcd ilcic;
cvam-ilus; lasila -silanïyai-ilc siiuaiion ol wood; saiiva-guna-viduiai-lai liom
ilc modc ol goodncss; iamasal-ol ignoiancc; salasai-in ilc picscncc; dluma-
silanïyam-ilc siiuaiion ol smolc; lincii-somciling; saiiva-sanniliiam-wiil
goodncss; iajal-passion; bialma-ilc Absoluic Tiuil; daisanam-sccing; vcdolia-
dcsciibcd in ilc Vcdas; laima-aciions; silanïyasya-ol ilc siiuaiion; iai-iad-
avaiaiinal-incainaiions; puiusasya-ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad;
pialasa-dvaiam-by ilc manilcsiaiion.
Iiicwood manilcsicd liom caiil (paiilivai) is noi lilc smolc, loi smolc las
somc liic wiilin ii. In ilc samc way ilc modc ol ignoiancc docs noi manilcsi ilc
duiics dcsciibcd in ilc Vcdas, bui in ilc modc ol passion ilc duiics dcsciibcd in
ilc Vcdas may bc paiiially manilcsicd. ly iubbing iwo woodcn siicls onc may
cicaic somc and ilcn a liic ilai may bc uscd io pciloim a yajna. In ilis way smolc
may lcad io pciloimancc ol Vcdic duiics (iiyïmayal). In ilis way smolc, oi
passion, is considcicd io bc a bciici icsiing placc loi ilc duiics dcsciibcd in ilc
Vcdas. lciici ilan smolc, lowcvci, is liic. In ilis way ii is sccn ilai in ilc modc
ol goodncss ilc duiics dcsciibcd in ilc Vcdas aic diiccily manilcsicd. Tlcicloic
goodncss is bciici ilan passion. As wood is lai liom aciual liic, so ignoiancc is lai
liom goodncss. As smolc is noi as lai liom liic, so passion is noi as lai liom
goodncss. Iiom ilc modc ol goodncss onc may aiiain bialma-daisanam (ilc
icalizaiion ol ilc Absoluic Tiuil). Tlus by lollowing ilc duiics dcsciibcd in ilc
Vcdas onc comcs io lavc icalizaiion ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad.
Tcxi 12
iu-sabdcna layaimalai iamasal salasad iajasal sopadlila-jnana-lciuivcncsai
iad-guna-cclavi-piaduiblava-iupam lincid bialma-daisana-piaiyasaiii-maiiam
uliam. na iu saivaila. vïlscpalaivai.
iu-sabdcna-by ilc woid iu; layaimalai-ilc naiuic ol dcsiiuciion; iamasal-ol
ignoiancc; salasai-in ilc picscncc; iajasal-ol passion; sa-wiil; upadlila-
dcsignaiion; jnana-lnowlcdgc; lciuivcna-by ilc causc; ïsai-liom ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; iad-guna-ol ilosc modcs; cclavi-ligli; piaduiblava-
manilcsiaiion; iupam-loim; lincii-somciling; bialma-ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy
ol Godlcad; daisana-ilc sigli; piaiyasaiii-ncaincss; maiiam-only; uliam.-said; na-
noi; iu-bui; saivaila-in all icspccis; vïlscpalaivai-bccausc ol iliowing.
ly ilc woid "iu" (bui) is linicd ilc iiuil ilai ilc modc ol ignoiancc biings
dcsiiuciion. lccausc ii biings somc maiciial lnowlcdgc, ilc modc ol passion
biings a liiilc ligli io scc ilc Supicmc. In oilci woids, in ilc modc ol passion onc
comcs closci io sccing ilc Supicmc. Howcvci, bccausc ii is so agiiaiing and
iioublcsomc, ilc modc ol passion docs noi allow onc io scc ilc Supicmc piopcily.
Tcxi 13
yad agni-silanïyam saiivam. iai salsad bialmano daisanam. salsad cva samyal
iai-iad-guna-iupaviiblava-dvaiam. sania-svaccla-svablavaimalaivai. aio bcalma-
sivayoi asalsaiivam siï-visnau iu salsaiivam siddlam iii blaval.
yai-wlai; agni-silanïyam-ilc placc ol liic; saiivam.-goodncss; iai-ilai; salsai-
diiccily; bialmanal-ol ilc Supicmc; daisanam.-ilc sigli; salsai-diiccily; cva-
indccd; samyal-piopcily; iai-iad-guna-iupa-ilc naiuic ol ilai modc; aviiblava-
dvaiam-by ilc manilcsiaiion; sania-pcacclul; svaccla-clcai; svablavaimalaivai-
bccausc ol ilc naiuic; aial-ilcn; bcalma-sivayol-ol lialma and Siva;
asalsaiivam-ilc naiuic ol nnoi bcing diicci; siï-visnau-in Siï Visnu; iu-bui;
salsaiivam-diiccincss; siddlam-piovcd; iii-ilus; blaval-ilc mcaning.
In ilis vcisc goodncss is compaicd io liic. Tlis is bccausc in goodncss onc can
diiccily scc ilc Supicmc. lccausc goodncss is by naiuic pcacclul and puic,
goodncss cnablcs onc io diiccily and piopcily scc ilc Supicmc. In ilis way ii is
piovcd ilai lialma and Siva aic indiicci incainaiions and Loid Visnu is a diicci
incainaiion ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad. Tlai is ilc mcaning.
Tcxi 1+
iaila ca siï-vamana-puianc
bialma-visnv-ïsa-iupani
iiïni visnoi malaimanal
bialmani bialma-iupal sa
siva-iupal sivc siliial
piilag cva siliio dcvo
visnu-iupï janaidanal. iii.
iaila-so; ca-and; siï-vamana-puianc-in Siï Vamana Puiana; bialma-visnv-ïsa-
iupani-ilc loims ol lialma, Visnu, and Siva; iiïni-ilic; visnol-ol Visnu;
malaimanal-ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; bialmani-in lialma; bialma-
iupal-ilc loim ol lialma; sa-lc; siva-iupal-ilc liom ol Siva; sivc-in Siva; siliial-
siiuaicd; piilag-scpaiaicly; cva-indccd; siliial-siiuaicd; dcval-ilc Loid; visnu-
iupï-in ilc loim ol Visnu; janaidanal.-wlo icscucs His dcvoiccs liom iioublcs
and sullciings; iii-ilus.
Tlc iuil ilai Loid Visnu is diiccily ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad is also
cxplaincd in ilcsc woids ol Siï Vamana Puiana:
"Tlc ilicc loims ol lialma, Visnu, and Siva aic all manilcsicd liom Loid
Visnu, wlo is ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad. lialma appcais in ilc loim ol
lialma, and Siva appcais in ilc loim ol Siva. Loid Visnu, lowcvci, is dillcicni
liom ciilci lialma oi Siva, loi Loid Visnu is ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad
Himscll, ilc Loid wlo dclivcis His dcvoiccs liom disiicss."
Tcxi 15
iad uliam bialma-samliiayam
blasvan yailasma-salalcsu nijcsu icjal
svïyam liyai pialaiayaiy api iadvad aiia
bialma ya cva jagadanda-vidlana-laiia
govindam adi-puiusam iam alam6 blajami
iai-ilai; uliam-said; bialma-samliiayam-in lialma-samliia; blasvan-
splcndid; yaila-as; asma-salalcsu-in all jcwcls; nijcsu-own; icjal-ligli; svïyam-
own; liyai-low mucl'; pialaiayaii-manilcsis; api-cvcn; iadvai-lilc ilai; aiia-lcic;
bialma-lialma; ya-wlo; cva-indccd; jagadanda-vidlana-laiia-ilc cicaioi ol ilc
univcisc; govindam-Loid Kisna; adi-puiusam-ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad; iam-Him; alam-I; blajami-woislip.
Tlc iclaiivc naiuics ol lialma, Siva, and Visnu aic also dcsciibcd in ilcsc
woids ol lialma-samliia (5.+9, 5.+5, and 5.+6):
"I adoic ilc piimcval Loid Govinda liom wlom ilc scpaiaicd subjcciivc
poiiion lialma icccivcs lis powci loi ilc icgulaiion ol ilc mundanc woild, jusi
as ilc sun manilcsis somc poiiion ol lis own ligli in all ilc cllulgcni gcms ilai
bcai ilc namcs ol suiyalania cic.¯¯
Tcxi 16
lsïiam yaila dadli-vilaia-viscsa-yogai
sanjayaic na iu iaial piilag asii lciol
yal sambluiam api iaila samupaiii laiyad
govindam adi-puiusam iam alam6 blajami
lsïiam-mill; yaila-as; dadli-vilaia-viscsa-yogai-ilc iiansloimasiion ol yoguii;
sanjayaic-is boin; na-noi; iu-bui; iaial-ilcn; piilag-scpaiai; asii-is; lciol-liom ilc
icason; yal-wlom; sambluiam-boin; api-cvcn; iaila-so; samupaiii-aiiains; laiyai-
liom iilc aciion; govindam-Kisna; adi-puiusam-ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad; iam-Him; alam-I; blajami-woislip.
"Jusi as mill is iiansloimcd inio cuid by ilc aciion ol acids, bui yci ilc cllcci
cuid is nciilci ilc samc as, noi dillcicni liom, iis causc, viz. mill, so I adoic ilc
piimcval Loid Govinda ol wlom ilc siaic ol Samblu is a iiansloimaiion loi ilc
pciloimancc ol ilc woil ol dcsiiuciion."¯¯
Tcxi 17
dïpaicii cva li dasaniaiam ablyupciya
dïpayaic viviia-lciu-samana-dlaima
yas iadig cva li ca visnuiaya viblaii
govindam adi-puiusam iam alam6 blajami. iiy adi.
dïpaicil-ilc ligli ol a lamp; cva-indccd; li-indccd; dasaniaiam-anoilci lamp;
ablyupciya-cxpanding; dïpayaic-illuminaics; viviia-lciu-samana-dlaima-ilc
cqually powcilul cxpansion; yal-wlo; iadig-lilc ilai; cva-indccd; li-indccd; ca-
also; visnuiaya-as Loid Visnu; viblaii-is manilcsicd; govindam-Loid Kisna; adi-
puiusam-ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; iam-Him; alam-I; blajami-
woislip.
"Tlc ligli ol onc candlc bcing communicaicd io anoilci candlc, alilougl ii
buins scpaiaicly in ilcm, is ilc samc in iis qualiiy. I adoic ilc piimcval Loid
Govinda, wlo cxlibiis Himscll cqually in ilc samc mobilc mannci in His vaiious
manilcsiaiions."¯¯
Tcxi 1S
na ca dadli-disianicna vilaiiivam ayaiam. iasya siuics iu sabda-mulaivai iii
nyaycna mulul paiiliiaivai.
na-noi; ca-qand; dadli-disianicna-by ilc+ cxamplc ol cuid; vilaiiivam-
iiansloimaiion; ayaiam.-aiiaincd; iasya-ol ilai; siuicl-ol ilc Siuii; iu-indccd;
sabda-mulaivai-bccausc ol bcing ilc iooi ol ilc sciipiuics; iii-ilus; nyaycna-by ilc
Vcdania-suiia; mulul-again and again; paiiliiaivai-bccausc ol bcing icluicd.
Tlc cxamplc ol cuid givcn in ilis vcisc docs noi suppoii ilc impcisonalisis'
ilcoiy ol iiansloimaiion, loi ilai ilcoiy is again and again icluicd by ilc
sciipiuics, and ilc sciipiuics' opinion slould bc acccpicd, as is dcclaicd by ilc
Vcdania-suiia (2.1.27):
siuics iu sabda-mulaivai
"Tlc sciipiuics aic ilc iooi ol lnowlcdgc."
Tcxi 19
yailoliam yaia udayasiamayo viviici mid ivaviliiai iii.
yaila-as; uliam-said; yaia udayasiamayo viviici mid ivaviliiai iii-Siïmad-
llagavaiam 10.S7.15.
An cxamplc ol ilc sciipiuics icluiaiion ol ilc impcisonalisis' ilcoiy ol
iiansloimaiion is givcn in ilcsc woid ol Siïmad-llagavaiam (10.S7.15):
"As many ilings may bc cicaicd liom clay and ilcn again dissolvcd inio ilc
oiiginal clay, bui ilc oiiginal clay iiscll icmains unclangcd, in ilc samc way ilc
Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad cicaics and annililaics ilc woilds, bui Hc
Himscll icmains always unclangcd."
Tcxi 20
disiania-iiaycna iu liamcncdam lablyaic. suiyalania-silanïyc bialmopadlau
suiyasycva iasya lincii pialasal. dadli-silanïyc samblupadlau lsiia-silanïyasya
na iadig api pialasal. dasaniaia-silanïyc visnupadlau iu puina cva pialasa iii.
siï-suial.
disiania-iiaycna-by ilicc cxamplcs; iu-indccd; liamcna-in scqucncc; idam-ilis;
lablyaic-is obiaincd; suiyalania-ol suiyalania; silanïyc-in ilc placc;
bialmopadlau-ilc dcsignaiion ol lialma; suiyasya-ol ilc sun; iva-lilc; iasya-ol
Him; lincii-somciling; pialasal.-manilcsiaiion; dadli-silanïyc-in ilc placc ol
cuid; samblupadlau-ilc dcsignbaiion ol Siva; lsiia-silanïyasya-ol ilc placc ol
mill; na-noi; iadig-lilc ilai; api-cvcn; pialasal-manilcsiaiion; dasaniaia-silanïyc-
in ilc placc ol lamps; visnupadlau-ilc dcsignaiion ol Visnu; iu-bui; puina-lull;
cva-indccd; pialasa-manilcsiaiion; iii-ilus; siï-suial-Siï Suia Gosvami.
Tlc ilicc cxamplcs givcn in ilc vciscs liom lialma-samliia may bc
undcisiood in ilc lollowing way. Tlc cxamplc ol ilc sun and ilc suiyalania
jcwcls dcsciibcs lialma. In ilis way ii is sccn ilai lialma is a vciy limiicd
manilcsiaiion ol ilc Supicmc Loid. Tlc cxamplc ol mill and cuid dcsciibcs Siva.
In ilis way ii is sccn ilai Siva is noi lilc ilc Supicmc Loid. Tlc cxamplc ol onc
lamp ligliing oilci lamps dcsciibcs Loid Visnu. In ilis way ii is sccn ilai Loid
Visnu is ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad Himscll in all lullncss. Tlc vcisc
quoicd in ilc bcginning ol ilis anucclcda was spolcn by Siï Suia Gosvamï.
Anuccheda 1+
Tcxi 1
cvam cvala iiiblil
sival salii-yuial salsai
iii-lingo guna-samviial
vailaiilas iaijasas ca
iamasas cciy alam iiidla
cvam-ilus; cva-indccd; ala-says; iiiblil-by ilicc; sival--Loid Siva; salii-yuial-
associaicd wiil maiciial naiuic; salsai-cicinally; iii-lingal-in ilicc lcaiuics; guna-
samviial-covcicd by ilc modcs ol naiuic; vailaiilal-onc is callcd vailaiila;
iaijasas ca-anoilci is callcd iaijasa; iamasas ca-as wcll as iamasa; iii-ilus; alam-
cgoiism; iiidla-ilicc linds.
Tlc iclaiivc siaius ol lialma, Visnu, and Siva is also dcsciibcd in ilcsc woids
ol Siïmad-llagavaiam (10.SS.3-5):
"Tlc iiuil aboui Loid Siva is ilai lc is always covcicd wiil ilicc maiciial
covciings: vailaiila, iaijasa, and iamasa. lccausc ol ilcsc ilicc modcs ol maiciial
naiuic, lc always associaics wiil ilc cxicinal cncigy and cgoiism iiscll.¯
Tcxi 2
iaio vilaia blagavan
sodasamïsu lincana
upadlavan vibluiïnam
saivasam asnuic gaiim
iaial-liom ilai; vilaia-iiansloimaiions; ablavan-wcic; sodasa-sixiccn; amisu-
among ilcm; lincana-somciling; upadlavan-puisuing; vibluiïnam-ol opulcnccs;
saivasam-ol all; asnuic-cnjoys; gaiim-goal.
"Iiom cgoiism aic manilcsicd ilc sixiccn clcmcnis. Puisuing ilcsc clcmcnis,
ilc living cniiiy cnjoys vaiious opulcnccs.
Tcxi 3
laiii li niigunal salsai
puiusal pialiicl paial
sa saiva-dig upadiasia
iam blajan niiguno blavci
laiil-ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad, Visnu; li-cciiainly; niigunal-
iiansccndcnial io all maiciial qualiiics; salsai-diiccily; puiusal-ilc supicmc
cnjoyci; pialiicl-maiciial naiuic; paial-bcyond; sa-Hc; saiva-dil-ilc scci ol
cvciyiling; upadiasia-ilc ovciscci ol cvciyiling; iam-Him; blajan-by woisliping;
niigunal-iiansccndcnial io maiciial qualiiics; blavci-onc bccomcs.
"Siï Haii, ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad, is siiuaicd bcyond ilc iangc ol
maiciial naiuic. Tlcicloic Hc is ilc supicmc iiansccndcnial pcison. Hc can scc
cvciyiling insidc and ouisidc. Tlcicloic Hc is ilc supicmc ovciscci ol all living
cniiiics. Il somconc ialcs slclici ai His loius lcci and woislips Him, lc also
aiiains a iiansccndcnial posiiion."¯
Tcxi +
sasvac-clalii-yuial piailamaias iavan niiyam cva saliya guna-samyavasila-
pialiii-iupopadlina yulial. guna-lsoblc saii iii-lingo guna-iiayopadlil.
pialaiais ca sadblis iaii gunail samviias ca.
sasvac-clalii-yuial-sasvac-clalii-yuial; piailamaial-liisi; iavan-ilcn; niiyam-
always; cva-indcd; saliya-by ilc poicncy; guna-modcs; samyaa-cqualiiy; avasila-
siiuaiion; pialiii-ol maiici; iupa-loim; upadlina-wiil ilc dcsignaiions; yulial.-
wiil; guna-lsoblc-in agiiaiion ol ilc modcs; saii-bcing so; iii-lingal-ilicc
lcaiuics; guna-iiayopadlil.-dcsignaiuions ol ilc liicc modcs; pialaiail-
manilcsicd; ca-and; sadblil-bcing so; iail-by ilcm; gunail-by ilc modcs;
samviial-wiil; ca-also.
Tlc woid "sasvac-clalii-yuial" mcans "In ilc bcginning Loid Siva is
accompanicd by lis cicinal poicncy." Tlai is io say lc is accompanicd by ilc
maiciial lcaiuic wlcic ilc modcs ol naiuic aic balanccd cqually againsi cacl
oilci, and no onc ol ilcm dominaics ilc oilcis. Tlc woid "iii-lingal" mcans
"wlcn ilc modcs aic agiiaicd, ilc cquilibiium is biolcn, and ilc ilicc maiciial
modcs manilcsi ilcii individual naiuics."
Tcxi 5
nanu iama-upadliivam cva iasya siuyaic. lailam iai-iad-upadliivam. iaiiala
vailaiila iii.
nanu-is ii noi so'; iama-upadliivam-ilc dcsignaiion ol ignoiancc; cva-indccd;
iasya-ol ilai; siuyaic.-is lcaid; lailam-low'; iai-iai-vaiious; upadliivam-ilc siaic
ol laving dcsignaiion; iaiia-ilcic; ala-says; vailaiila iii-ilc woid vailaiila.
Hcic somconc may asl: "Tlc sciipiuics dcclaic ilai Loid Siva associaics wiil
ilc modc ol ignoiancc. Wly do you say, ilcn, ilai lc associaics wiil all ilc
modcs'"
To ilis qucsiion ilis passagc ol Siïmad-llagavaiam answcis wiil ilc woid
"vailaiilal" (Loid Siva associaics wiil goodncss, passion, and ignoiancc).
Tcxi 6
alam alan-iaiivam li iai-iad-iupcna iiidla. sa ca iad-adlisilaiciy aiilal.
mullyaiaya nasiam namanyad guna-dvayam. gaunaiaya iv asia cvciy aiilal.
alam-alam; alan-iaiivam-cgoiism; li-indccd; iai-iad-iupcna-in vaiious loims;
iiidla.-ilicc linds; sa-lc; ca-and; iai-ol ilai; adlisilaia-ilc coniiollci; iii-ilus;
aiilal.-ilc mcaning; mullyaiaya-piimaiy mcaning na-noi; asiam-may bc; nama-
namc; anyai-anoilci; guna-dvayam.-iwo modcs; gaunaiaya-wiil ilc sccondaiy
mcaning; iv-bui; asic-is; cva-indccd; iii-ilus; aiilal-ilc mcaning.
Hcic ilc woid "alam" mcans "cgoiism", and "iiidla" mcans "ilai cgoiism is
manilcsicd in ilicc loims". Tlc mcaning is ilai Loid Siva is ilc picsiding dciiy ol
ilcsc ilicc linds ol cgoiism. In ilis passagc ilc diicci mcaning slould noi bc
acccpicd. Tlc sccondaiy mcaning slould bc acccpicd in iis placc.
Tcxi 7
iaias icna blagavai-piaiinidli-iupcnadlisiliiad alan-iaiivai sodasa vilaia yc
ablavann amïsu vilaicsu madlyc saivasam vibluiïnam sambandli lincana
upadlavan. iad-upadlilaivcna iam upasïno gaiim piapyam plalam lablaic.
iaial-ilcn; icna-by ilisa; blagavai-piaiinidli-iupcna-as ilc icpicscniaiivc ol
ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; adlisiliiai-csiablislcd; alan-iaiivai-liom
cgoiism; sodasa-sixiccn; vilaia-iiansloimaiions; yc-wlicl; ablavann-wcic; amïsu-
among ilcm; vilaicsu-iiansloimaiions; madlyc-in ilc midsi; saivasam-ol all;
vibluiïnam-opulcnccs; sambandli-iclaiionslip; lincana-somciling; upadlavan-
puisuing; iad-upadlilaivcna-by ilai dcsignaiion; iam-ilai; upasïnal-woisliping;
gaiim-goal; piapyam-io bc aiiaincd; plalam-icsuli; lablaic-obiains.
In ilis way Loid Siva acis as a ilc icpicscniaiivc ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad. Iiom cgoiism aic manilcsicd ilc sixiccn (sodasa) iiansloimaiions
(vilaial) ilai aic ilc maiciial clcmcnis. Tlc living cniiiics puisuc (lincana
upadlavan) all (saivasam) ilc opulcnccs (vibluiïnam) manilcsicd among ilcsc
clcmcnis. ly woisliping Loid Siva, ilcy aiiain ilcii goals (gaiim).
Tcxi S
li piasiddlau lciau va. laiis iu pialiici upadliial paias iad-dlaimaii
aspisial. aia cva niiguno 'pi luias iii-lingaivadilam iii blaval. iaiia lciul salsad
cva puiusa ïsvaial. na iu piaiibimbavad vyavadlancnciy aiilal.
li-li; piasiddlau-in piool; lciau-in icason; va.-oi; laiil-Loid Kisna; iu-
indccd; pialiicl-ol maiici; upadliial-dcsignaicd; paial-iiansccndcnial; iad-
dlaimail-by ilosc naiuics; aspisial.-uniouclcd; aia cva-ilcicloic; niigunal-
niiguna; api-also; luial-liom wlcic'; iii-lingaivadilam-bcginning wiil ilc ilicc
lcaiuics; iii-ilus; blaval.-ilc mcaning; iaiia-ilcic; lciul-ilc icason; salsai-
diiccily; cva-indccd; puiusa-ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; ïsvaial.-ilc
coniiollci; na-noi; iu-bui; piaiibimbavai-lilc a icllcciion; vyavadlancna-by
scpaiaiion; iii-ilus; aiilal-ilc mcaning.
In ilc lasi ol ilcsc vciscs ilc woid "li" mcans ciilci "ii is cciiainly wcll
lnown" oi "ii is cciiainly piovcd". Tlc woids "laiil puiusal pialiicl paial"
mcan "Loid Haii is ncvci iouclcd by ilc maiciial cncigy". Ioi ilis icason, Loid
Haii is said lcic io bc niigunal" (bcyond ilc modcs ol maiciial naiuic). Tlis
bcing so, low is ii possiblc ilai Loid Haii can comc undci ilc inllucncc ol ilc
maiciial modcs' (Ii is noi possiblc.) ilc icason Loid Haii ncvci comcs undci ilc
inllucncc ol ilc maiciial modcs is givcn in ilc woids "salsai puiusal", wlicl
mcan ilai Hc is ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad, ilc supicmc coniiollci. Hc
is noi a icllcciion ol somciling clsc ilai is ilc iiuc Supicmc. Hc is ilc Supicmc.
Tcxi 9
aial vidyavidyc mama ianu iiivai ianu-sabdopadanai luiiacii saiiva-saliiiva-
siavanam api piclsadi-maiicnopalaiiivad iii blaval. aia cva saivcsam siva-
bialmadïnam dil jnanam yasmai iaila-bluial sann upadiasia iad-adi-salsï
blavaii. aias iam blajan niiguno blavcd gunaiïia-plala-blag blavaiïii. siï-sulal.
aial-ilcicloic; vidyavidyc mama ianu iiivai-as in Siïmad-llagavaiam 11.11.3;
ianu-sabdopadanai-liom ilc woid ianu"; luiiacii-somcwlcic; saiiva-saliiiva-ilc
goodncss poicncy; siavanam-lcaiing; api-cvcn; piclsa-wiil sccing; adi-bcginning;
maiicna-mcicly; upalaiiivai-bccausc ol lclping; iii-ilus; blaval.-ilc mcaning; aia
cva-ilcicloic; saivcsam-ol all; siva-bialmadïnam-bcginning wiil Siva and lialma;
dil-sccing; jnanam-lnowlcdgc; yasmai-liom wlicl; iaila-bluial-in ilai way; san-
bcing so; upadiasia-ilc ocviscci; iad-adi-ol ilc living cniiiics bcginning wiil
ilcm; salsï-ilc wiincss; blavaii.-is; aial-ilcicloic; iam-Him; blajan-woislipinl;
niigunal-bcyond ilc modcs ol naiuic; blavci-may bccomc; guna-ilc modcs; aiïia-
bcyond; plala-ilc icsuli; blal-posscssing; blavaii-is iii-ilus; siï-sulal-Siï
Suladcva Gosvami.
Hcic ilc woid "ianul" is uscd in ilc samc way as in Siïmad-llagavaiam
11.11.3. In vaiious placcs in ilc sciipiuics ilc poicncy ol ilc Loid is dcsciibcd. In
ilis way, mcicly by glancing, Loid Haii can pciloim vaiious aciiviiics. Tlai is ilc
mcaning. Tlc woid "upadiasia" lcic mcans ilai Loid Haii is ilc wiincss. "Saiva-
dil" mcans ilai Loid Haii las diicci lnowlcdgc ol Siva, lialma, and all oilci
living cniiiics. Tlc woids "iam blajan niiguno blavci" mcan ilai a pcison wlo
woislips Loid Haii also iiansccnds ilc inllucncc ol ilc maiciial modcs. Tlc vciscs
quoicd in ilc bcginning ol ilis anucclcda wcic spolcn by Siïla Suladcva
Gosvamï.
Anuccheda 15
Tcxi 1
aia cva visnoi cva paiama-puiuscna salsad ablcdoliim ala
aia cva-ilcicloic; visnol-Loid Visnu; cva-indccd; paiama-puiuscna-as ilc
Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; salsai-diiccily; ablcda-non-dillcicncc; uliim-
siaicmcni; ala-says.
Tlai Loid Visnu is ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad Himscll is conliimcd
by ilc lollowing woids, wlcic ilc dcmigod lialma dcsciibcs Loid Visnu (Siïmad-
llagavaiam 2.6.32):
Tcxi 2
sijami ian-niyulio 'lam
laio laiaii iad-vasal
visvam puiusa-iupcna
paiipaii iii-salii-dlil. iii.
sijami-do cicaic; iai-by His; niyulial-appoinimcni; alam-I; laial-Loid Siva;
laiaii-dcsiioys; iad-vasal-undci His suboidinaiion; visvam-ilc wlolc univcisc;
puiusa-ilc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; iupcna--by His cicinal loim; paiipaii-
mainiains; iii-salii-dlil-ilc coniiollci ol ilicc cncigics; iii.-ilus.
"ly His will, I cicaic, Loid Siva dcsiioys, and Hc Himscll, in His cicinal loim as
ilc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad, mainiains cvciyiling. Hc is ilc powcilul coniiollci ol
ilcsc ilicc cncigics."¯
Tcxi 3
alam bialma. siuiis caiia sa bialmana sijaii. sa iudicna vilapayaii. so
'nuipaiiii alaya cva laiil paial paiamanandal iii malopanisadi.
alam-I; bialma.-lialma; siuiil-Tlc siuii-sasiia; ca-also; aiia-lcic; sa-Hc;
bialmana-by lialma; sijaii.-cicaics; sa-Hc; iudicna-by Siva; vilapayaii-dcsiioys;
sal-Hc; anuipaiiil-ncvci boin; alaya-ilc abodc; cva-indccd; laiil-Loid Haii;
paial-ilc Supicmc; paiamanandal-lull ol iiansccndcnial bliss; iii-ilus;
malopanisadi-in ilc Mala Upanisad.
Hcic ilc woid "alam" (I) iclcis io Loid lialma. Tlai Loid Haii is ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad is also conliimcd by ilc lollowing woids ol ilc Mala
Upanisad (2.3.1+):
"Using lialma as His agcni, Loid Haii cicaics ilc maiciial univcisc. Using Siva
as His agcni, Loid Haii dcsiioys ilc maiciial univcisc. Loid Haii is ilc blisslul
Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad. Hc was ncvci boin. Hc is ilc slclici in wlicl
cvciyiling icsis."
Tcxi +
siï-bialma siï-naiadam
siï-bialma-Siï lialma; siï-naiadam-io Siï Naiada.
Tlc vcisc quoicd in ilc bcginning ol ilis anucclcda was spolcn by Siï lialma
io Siï Naiada.
Anuccheda 16
Tcxi 1
iailaivala
aiianuvainyaic 'blïlsnam
visvaima blagavan laiil
yasya piasada-jo bialma
iudial liodla-samudblaval. iii.
iaila-so; cva-indccd; ala-said; aiia-lcic; anuvainyaic-is dcsciibcd; ablïlsnam-
again and again; visvaima-ilc soul ol ilc univciscs; blagavan-ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; laiil-Haii; yasya-ol wlom; piasada-jal-boin liom ilc
mcicy; bialma-lialma; iudial-Siva; liodla-samudblaval-bion liom ilc angci;
iii-ilus.
In Siïmad-llagavaiam (11.5.1) ii is also said:
"In ilis bool ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad, Loid Haii, is dcsciibcd
again and again. Loid Haii is ilc soul ol ilc univcisc. Iiom His mcicy lialma is
boin, and liom His angci Siva is boin."
Tcxi 2
aiia siï-visnui na lailiia iii icna salsad ablcda cvciy ayaiam. iad uliam sa u
cva visnul iii.
aiia-lcic; siï-visnul-Loid Visnu; na-noi; lailiia-said; iii-ilus; icna-by Him;
salsai-diiccily; ablcda-noi dillcicni; cva-indccd; iii-ilus; ayaiam-aiiaincd; iai-ilai;
uliam-said; sa-Hc; u-indccd; cva-indccd; visnul-Visnu; iii-ilus.
Alilougl ilc woid "visnu" is noi cxpicssly uscd lcic, Loid Visnu is mcani, loi
Loid Visnu is noi dillcicni liom Loid Haii. Tlis is conliimcd by ilc lollowing
woids ol Siïmad-llagavaiam (3.S.15):
"Loid Visnu pcisonally cnicicd as ilc Supcisoul."¯
Tcxi 3
siuiis ca puiuso la vai naiayano 'lamayaia. aila naiayanad ajo 'jayaia. yaial
piajal saivani bluiani.
siuiil-ilc Siuii-sasiia; ca-laos; puiusal-ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad;
la-indccd; vai-indccd; naiayanal-Naiayana; alamayaia-dcsiicd; aila-ilcn;
naiayanai-liom Loid Naiayana; ajal-lialma; ajayaia-was boin; yaial-liom wlom;
piajal-ilc living cniiiics; saivani-all; bluiani-clcmcnis.
In ilc Naiayana Upanisad (1) ii is said:
"Naiayana is ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad. Hc dcsiicd, I slall cicaic
clildicn'. Iiom Naiayana lialma was boin. Iiom Naiayana ilc living cniiiics and
maiciial clcmcnis wcic manilcsicd."
Tcxi +
naiayanal paiam bialma
iaiivam naiayanal paiam
siiam saiyam paiam bialma
puiusam lisna-pingalam. iii.
naiayanal-Naiayana; paiam bialma iaiivam-ilc Supicmc Tiuil; naiayanal-
Naiayana; paiam-Supicmc; siiam-manilcsicd; saiyam-cicinal; paiam bialma
puiusam-ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; lisna-pingalam-wiil a dail
complcxion; iii-ilus.
In ilc sciipiuics ii is also said:
"Naiayana is ilc Supicmc lialman. Hc is ilc Supicmc Tiuil. Hc is ilc ical,
cicinal Supicmc Spiiii. Hc is a pcison wiil a dail complcxion."
Tcxi 5
clo naiayana asïn na bialma na ca sanlaial. sa muiiii bluiva samaciniayai.
iaia cvaiic vyajayania visvo liianyagaiblo 'gnii vaiuna-iudicndial iii ca.
clal-onc; naiayana-Naiayana; asïi-was; na-noi; bialma-lialma; na-noi; ca-
and; sanlaial-Siva; sa-ilis; muiiil-loim; bluiva-manilcsiing; samaciniayai-
ilougli; iaia-ilcn; cva-indccd; cic-ilcy; vyajayania-wcic boin; visval-ilc
univcisc; liianyagaiblal-lialma; agnil-Agni; vaiuna-iudicndial-Vaiuna, Siva,
and India; iii-ilus; ca-also.
Ii is also said:
"In ilc bcginning ol cicaiion ilcic was only ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad, Naiayana, and ilcic was no cxisicncc ol lialma oi Siva.¯ Manilcsiing
His iiansccndcnial loim, Naiayana bcgan io ilinl, and liom His ilinling wcic
boin ilc univcisc and ilc dcmigods lialma, Agni, Vaiuna, Siva, and India."
Tcxi 6
iasmai iasyaiva vainanïyaivam api yuliam. siï-suial.
iasmai-ilcicloic; iasya-ol Him; cva-indccd; vainanïyaivam-ilc siaic ol bcing
woiily io bc dcsciibcd; api-also; yuliam-cndowcd; siï-suial-Siï Suia Gosvami.
Tlcicloic, loi ilcsc icasons onc slould dcsciibc ilc gloiics ol Loid Naiayana.
Tlc vcisc quoicd in ilc bcginning ol ilis anucclcda was spolcn by Siïla Suia
Gosvamï.
Anuccheda 17
Tcxi 1
nanu iiayanam cla-blavanam yo na pasyaii vai blidam. iaila na ic mayy
acyuic 'jc ca blidam anv api calsaic iiy adav ablcda cva siuyaic. puiananiaic ca
visnuias iayoi blcdc naialal siuyaic. saiyam. vayam api blcdam na biumal.
paiama-puiusasyaiva iai-iad-iupam iiy claimaivcnaivopalianiaivai.
nanu-is ii noi so'; iiayanam cla-blavanam yo na pasyaii vai blidam-Siïmad-
llagavaiam +.7.5+; iaila na ic mayy acyuic 'jc ca blidam anv api calsaic iiy adau-
Siïmad-llagavaiam 12.10.22; ablcda-noi dillcicni; cva-indccd; siuyaic-dcsciibcd
in ilc sciipiuics; puiananiaic-in anoilci pUiana; ca-also; visnuial-liom Loid
Visnu; iayol-ol ilcm boil; blcdc-in dillcicncc; naialal-a icsidcni ol lcll; siuyaic-
is dcsciibcd in ilc sciipiuics; saiyam-iiuil; vayam-wc; api-also; blcdam-
dillcicncc; na-noi; biumal-say; paiama-puiusasya-ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad; cva-indccd; iai-iad-iupam-vaiious loims; iii-ilus; claimaivcna-as onc
pcison; cva-indccd; upalianiaivai-liom wlai was bcgun.
Hcic somconc may pioicsi: Is ii noi so ilai Siïmad-llagavaiam (+.7.5+)
dcclaics:
"Onc wlo docs noi considci lialma, Visnu, and Siva, oi ilc living cniiiics in
gcncial, io bc scpaiaic liom ilc Supicmc, and wlo lnows lialman, aciually
icalizcs pcacc. Oilcis do noi."¯
Is ii noi also so ilai in Siïmad-llagavaiam (12.10.22) Loid Visnu Himscll
dcclaics:
"Tlc dcvoiccs do noi ilinl ilai I am dillcicni liom ilc dcmigod lialma."
In anoilci Puiana ii is also said ilai anyonc wlo ilinls ilai lialma and Siva
aic dillcicni liom Loid Visnu bccomcs a icsidcni ol lcll.
To ilis pioicsi I givc ilc lollowing icply: Tlai is iiuc. Wc also say ilai lialma
and Siva aic noi dillcicni liom Loid Visnu. Iiom ilc vciy bcginning wc lavc said
ilai cvcn ilougl Hc manilcsis many dillcicni loims, ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad icmains onc pcison.
Tcxi 2
sivo bialma ca blinna-svablavadiiaya disyamano 'pi pialayc sisiau ca iasmai
svaianiia cvanya ïsvaia iii na maniavyam. liniu visnv-aimala cva sa sa iii li
iaiiaiilal. iad uliam bialmani bialma-iupal sal iiy adi.
sival-Siva; bialma-lialma; ca-and; blinna-svablavadiiaya-bcginning wiil
posscssing a dillcicni naiuic; disyamanal-bcing sccn; api-also; pialayc-in
annililaiion; sisiau-in cicaiion; ca-also; iasmai-liom ilai; svaianiia-indcpcndcni;
cvanya-pcisonally; ïsvaia-ilc coniiollci; iii-ilus; na-noi; maniavyam-io bc
considcicd; liniu-lowcvci; visnu-Loid Visnu; aimala-ilc Scll; cva-indccd; sa-lc;
sa-lc; iii-ilus; li-indccd; iaiia-ilcic; aiilal-ilc mcaning; iai-ilai; uliam-said;
bialmani-in lialma; bialma-iupal-ilc loim ol lialma; sal-lc; iii-ilus; adi-
bcginning.
Alilougl Siva and lialma may sccm io bc indcpcndcni ol Loid Visnu, ilcy aic
noi iiuly indcpcndcni in ilcii duiics ol cosmic cicaiion and annililaiion. Tlcy aic
dcpcndcni on Loid Visnu. Tlai is ilc mcaning ol ilc woid "visnv-aimala" applicd
io ilcm. Tlc woid mcans ilai ilcy aic dcpcndcni on Loid Visnu. Tlis is also
dcsciibcd in ilc lollowing woids ol ilc Vamana Puiana:
"Tlc dcmigod lialma ialcs slclici ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad."
Tcxi 3
na ca pialasasya salsad-asalsad-iupaivadi iaiaiamyam vayam lalpayamal.
paiam sasiiam cva vadaii. sasiiam iu daisiiam. cvam blagavad-
avaiaianuliamanilasu iiayanam blcdam angï-liiyaiva lcvalasya siï-daiiasya
ganana. soma-duivasasos iv aganana.
na-noi; ca-and; pialasasya-ol manilcsiaiion; salsai-diicci; asalsai-indiicci;
iupaiva-laving ilc loim; adi-bcginning wiil; iaiaiamyam-giadaiions ol liglci and
lowci; vayam-wc; lalpayamal-considci; paiam-bcsi; sasiiam-sciipiuic; cva-indccd;
vadaii-says; sasiiam-sciipiuic; iu-bui; daisiiam-slown; cvam-ilus; blagavad-
avaiaia-ol ilc incainaiions ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad;
anuliamanilasu-in ilc scqucncc; iiayanam-ol ilc ilicc; blcdam-dillcicncc; angï-
liiya-acccpiing; cva-indccd; lcvalasya-iiansccndcnial; siï-daiiasya-ol Loid
Daiiaiicya; ganana-considciaiion; soma-duivasasol-ol Siva and Duivasa Muni; iv-
bui; aganana-noi considciaiion.
lialma and Siva aic noi diicci incainaiions ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad. ilcy aic indiicci incainaiions. Wc considci ilai ilc Loid las dillcicni
giadcs ol incainaiions, somc diicci and oilci indiicci. Tlis is cxplaincd in ilc bcsi
ol sciipiuics. Among ilc vaiying giadcs ol incainaiions ilc guna-avaiaias Siva and
lialma aic acccpicd as dillcicni liom ilc Supicmc Loid. Daiiaiicya is counicd
among ilc diicci incainaiions, bui Siva and Duivasa Muni aic noi counicd among
ilc diicci incainaiions.
Tcxi +
lim ca bialma-vaivaiic ca bialma-valyam
nalam sivo na canyc ca
iac-claliy-clamsa-blaginal
bala-liidanalaii yadvai
liïdaic 'smablii acyuial. iii.
lim-luiilcimoic; ca-also; bialma-vaivaiic-in ilc lialma-vaivaiia Puiana; ca-
also; bialma-valyam-ilc woids ol lialma; na-noi; alam-I; sival-Siva; na-noi; ca-
also; anyc-oilcis; ca-and; iac-claliy-clamsa-blaginal-paiis ol a paii ol His
poicncy; bala-liidanalail-wiil clildlood pasiimcs; yadvai-wlcn; liïdaic-plays;
asmablil-wiil us; acyuial-ilc inlalliblc Loid; iii-ilus.
Tlis is also conliimcd in ilc lialma-vaivaiia Puiana, wlcic lialma says:
"I am noi ilc Supicmc, Siva is noi ilc Supicmc, and ilc oilci dcmigods aic noi
ilc Supicmc ciilci. Wc aic paiis ol ilc paiis ol onc ol ilc Supicmc Loid's
poicncics. As an aduli plays wiil clildicn, so ilc inlalliblc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad plays wiil us."
Tcxi 5
aia cva siuiau yam lamayc iam ugiam linomi. iam bialmanam iam isim iam
sumcdlam iiy uliva mama yonii apasv anial iii salii-vacanam.
aia cva-ilcicloic; siuiau-in ilc Siuii-sasiia; yam-wlicl; lamayc-dcsiic; iam-
ilai; ugiam-loiiiblc; linomi-I do; iam-ilai; bialmanam-io lialma; iam-lim;
isim-ilc sagc; iam-lim; sumcdlam-iniclligcncc; iii-ilus; uliva-said; mama-ol mc;
yonil-ilc biiil; apasv-in waici; anial-ai ilc cnd; iii-ilus; salii-ol ilc poicncy;
vacanam-ilc woids.
In ilc Siuii-sasiia, Salii says:
"Tlc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad says: Wlcn I dcsiic io dcsiioy ilc
univcisc, I cmploy lciocious Siva. Wlcn I dcsiic io cicaic ilc univcisc, I cmploy
sainily iniclligcni lialma. Wlcn I dcsiic io mainiain ilc univcisc, I Myscll
appcai. I manilcsi a loim ilai lics down on ilc Kaiana waicis."
Tcxi 6
apasv aniai iii laianodasayï sucyaic apo naia iii piolial iiy adcl. yonil
laianam.
apasv anial-in ilc waici; iii-ilus; laianodasayï-Kaianodalasayï Visnu; sucyaic-
is inicaicd; apal-apa; naia-naia; iii-ilus; piolial-is said; iii-ilus; adcl-bcginning;
yonil-yoni; laianam-causc.
Hcic ilc woids "apasv anial" iclci io Loid Kaianodalasayï Visnu. Hcic "apal"
mcans "waici" and yoni" mcans "causc" (laiana).
Tcxi 7
cvam cva slandc
bialmcsanadiblii dcvaii
yai piapium naiva salyaic
iadvai svablaval laivalyam
sa blavan lcvalo laiil. iii.
cvam-ilus; cva-indccd; slandc-in ilc Slanda Puiana; bialmcsanadiblil-
bcginning wiil lialma and Siva; dcvail-by ilc dcmigods; yai-wlai; piapium-io
aiiain; na-noi; cva-indccd; salyaic-is ablc; iadvai-io ilai cxicni; svablaval-own
naiuic; laivalyam-libciaiion; sa-Hc; blavan-Youi Loidslip; lcvalal-alonc; laiil-
Loid Haii iii..
In ilc Slanda Puiana ii is said:
"O Loid Haii, You alonc aic ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad. Il lialma,
Siva, and ilc dcmigods cannoi accomplisl somciling, ilcn only You can
accomplisl ii."
Tcxi S
iaila visnu-samanya-daisinam dosas ca siuyaic. yaila vaisnava-ianiic
iaila-so; visnu-samanya-cqualiiy wiil Loid Visnu; daisinam-ol ilcy wlo scc;
dosal-ilc dclcci; ca-also; siuyaic-is cxplaincd in ilc sciipiuics; yaila-as; vaisnava-
ianiic-in ilc Vaisnava Taniia
Pcisons wlo ilinl lialma and Siva cqual io Loid Visnu malc a gicai misialc.
Tlis is cxplaincd in ilc lollowing woids ol ilc Vaisnava Taniia:
Tcxi 9
na lablcyul punai blaliim
laici ailaniilïm jadal
clagiya-manasas capi
visnu-samanya-daisinal iii.
na-noi; lablcyul-aiiain; punal-again; blaliim-dcvoiional scivicc; laicl-io
Loid Haii; ailaniilïm-puic; jadal-dull; clagiya-singlc-poinicd; manasal-mind; ca-
also; api-and; visnu-samanya-daisinal-sccing io bc cqual io Loid Visnu; iii-ilus.
Iools wlo ilinl lialma and Siva cqual io Loid Visnu do noi aiiain puic
dcvoiion io Loid Haii."
Tcxi 10
anyaiia ca
yas iu naiayanam dcvam
bialma-iudiadi-daivaiail
samaivcnaiva vïlscia
sa pasandï blavcd dliuvam. iii.
anyaiia-in anoilci placc; ca-also; yal-any pcison wlo; iu-lowcvci; naiayanam-
ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad, ilc masici ol sucl dcmigods as lialma and
Siva;; dcvam--ilc Loid; bialma-Loid lialma; iudia-Loid Siva; adi-and oilcis;
daivaiail-wiil sucl dcmigods; samaivcna-on an cqual lcvcl; cva-cciiainly; vïlscia-
obscivcs; sa-sucl a pcison; pasandï-pasandi; blavci-musi bc; dliuvam-cciiainly;
iii-ilus.
In anoilci placc in ilc sciipiuics ii is said:
"A pcison wlo considcis dcmigods lilc lialma and Siva io bc on an cqual lcvcl
wiil Naiayana is io bc considcicd an ollcndci, a pasandï."¯
Tcxi 11
iaila ca maniia-vainal madlyc vamanam asïnam visvc dcva upasaic iii.
iaila-so; ca-also; maniia-vainal-ilc woids ol ilc maniia; madlyc-in ilc midsi;
vamanam-Loid Vamana; asïnam-scaicd; visvc-in ilc univcisc; dcva-ilc dcmigods;
upasaic-woislip; iii-ilus
Tlis is also conliimcd by ilc lollowing woids ol ilc Maniia-vaina:
"Tlcn Loid Vamana sai in ilc middlc and all ilc dcmigods woislipcd Him."
Tcxi 12
nanu lvacid anya-sasiic sivasyaiva paiama-dcvaivam ucyaic.
nanu-is ii noi so; lvacii-somcwlcic; anya-sasiic-in anoilci sciipiuic; sivasya-
ol Loid Siva; cva--indccd; paiama-dcvaivam-ilc posiiion ol ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; ucyaic-is said.
Hcic somconc may pioicsi: Is ii noi iiuc ilai in oilci sciipiuics ii is said ilai
Loid Siva is ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad'
Tcxi 13
saiyam. iailapi sasiiasya saiasaiaiva-vivclcna iad badliiam iii. iaila ca padma-
saivayoi umam piaii sii-sivcna siï-visnu-valyam anuliiam
saiyam-iiuc; iailapi-ncvciilclcss; sasiiasya-ol sciipiuic; saia-impoiiani;
asaiaiva-and noi impoiiani; vivclcna-by disiinguisling; iai-ilai; badliiam-icluicd;
iii-ilus; iaila-so; ca-also; padma-saivayol-in ilc Pamda Puiana and Siva Puiana;
umam-io Goddcss Paiivaii; piaii-io; sii-sivcna-by Loid Siva; siï-visnu-valyam-ilc
woids ol Loid Visnu; anuliiam-icpcaicd
Tlai is iiuc. Siill, wlcn ilc sciipiuics considci wlai is good and iiuc, ilcy
icjcci ilai idca. Ioi cxamplc, in boil ilc Padma Puiana (Uiiaia-llanda +2.105-
106) and ilc Siva Puiana, Loid Siva icpcais io Paivaiï ilc lollowing woids
oiiginally spolcn by Loid Visnu:
Tcxi 1+
ivam aiadlya iaila samblo
gialisyami vaiam sada
dvapaiadau yugc bluiva
lalaya manusadisu
ivam-you; aiadlya-woisliping; iaila-so; samblal-O Siva; gialisyami-I will
acccpi; vaiam-a boon; sada-always; dvapaia-ol Dvapaia-yuga; aadau-in ilc
bcginning; yugc-in ilc yuga; bluiva-bccoming; lalaya-by a paii; manusa-luman;
adisu-bcginning.
"O Siva, I will acccpi ilis scivicc liom you: Wlcn ilc Dvapaia-yuga las cndcd
and ilc Kali-yuga las bcgun, I wani you io incainaic among ilc luman bcings.
Tcxi 15
svagamail lalpiiais ivam iu
janan mad-vimullan luiu
mam ca gopaya ycna syai
sisiii csoiiaioiiaia. iii.
sva-own; agamail-wiil sciipiuics; lalpiiail-imagincd; ivam-you; iu-indccd;
janan-ilc pcoplc; mad-vimullan-avcisc io mc; luiu-malc; mam-Mc; ca-also;
gopaya-conccal; ycna-by wlicl; syai-may bc; sisiil-cicaiion; csa-ilis; uiiaioiiaia-
moic and moic; iii-ilus.
"In Kali-yuga, mislcad ilc pcoplc in gcncial by piopounding imaginaiy
mcanings loi ilc Vcdas io bcwildci ilcm.¯ In ilis way iuin ilc pcoplc away liom
Mc. Malc ilcm avcisc io Mc. Hidc Mc liom ilcm."
Tcxi 16
vaialc ca
csa molam sijamy asu
yo janan molayisyaii
ivam ca iudia mala-balo
mola-sasiiani laiaya
vaialc-in ilc Vaiala Puiana; ca-and; csa-lc; molam-illusion; sijami-cicaic;
asu-quiclly; yal-wlo; janan-ilc pcoplc; molayisyaii-will bc bcwildcicd; ivam-
you; ca-and; iudia-Siva; mala-balal-O migliy aimcd onc; mola-sasiiani-
bcwildciing sciipiuics; laiaya-plcasc do.
In ilc Vaiala Puiana Loid Visnu says:
"I will cicaic a siiuaiion wlcic ilc pcoplc will bc bcwildcicd. O migliy-aimcd
Siva, plcasc wiiic bools ilai will bcwildci ilc pcoplc.
Tcxi 17
aiailyani viiailyani
daisayasva mala-bluja
pialasam luiu caimanam
apialasam ca mam luiu
aiailyani-wiiloui ilc iiuil; viiailyani-wiil lics; daisayasva-plcasc slow;
mala-bluja-O migliy-aimcd onc; pialasam-manilcsiaiion; luiu-do; ca-and;
aimanam-youiscll; apialasam-unmanilcsicd; ca-also; mam-Mc; luiu-plcasc do.
"O migliy-aimcd Siva, plcasc wiiic bools ilai picacl many lics and conccal
ilc ical iiuil. Malc youiscll piomincni, and conccal Mc."
Tcxi 1S
puiananam ca madlyc yad yai saiivila-lalpa-lailamayam iai iai siï-visnu-
malima-paiam. yad yai iamasa-lalpa-lailamayam iai iac clivadi-malima-paiam
iii siï-visnu-piaiipadala-puianasyaiva samyag-jnana-piadaivam saiivai sanjayaic
jnanam iii daisanai.
puiananam-ol ilc Puianas; ca-and; madlyc-in ilc midsi; yad yai-wlaicvci;
saiivila-lalpa-lailamayam-dcsciipiions ilai aic iiuc and good; iai iai-ilcy; siï-
visnu-malima-paiam-dcvoicd io ilc gloiics ol Loid Visnu; yad yai-wlacivci;
iamasa-lalpa-lailamayam-dcsciipiions manilcsicd liom ilc modc ol ignioancc;
iai iai-ilai; sivadi-malima-paiam-ilc gloiics ol Siva and oilcis; iii-ilus; siï-visnu-
piaiipadala-puianasya-ol a Puiana ilai dcsciibcs ilc gloiics ol Loid Visnu; cva-
indccd; samyag-jnana-piadaivam-giving iiuc lnowlcdgc; saiivai sanjayaic jnanam
iii daisanai-liom ilc dcsciipiion in llagavad-gïia 1+.17.
Tlc Puianas in ilc modc ol goodncss gloiily Loid Visnu, wlcicas ilc Puianas
in ilc modc ol ignoiancc gloiily Loid Siva and oilcis. Tlcicloic ilc Puianas ilai
gloiily Loid Visnu picscni ilc aciual iiuil. Tlis is also conliimcd by ilc lollowing
woids ol llagavad-gïia (1+.17):
"Iiom ilc modc ol goodncss ical lnowlcdgc dcvclops."¯
Tcxi 19
iaila ca maisyc
saiivilcsu ca lalpcsu
malaimyam adlilam laicl
iajascsu ca malaimyam
adlilam bialmano vidul
iaila-so; ca-and; maisyc-in ilc Maisya Puiana; saiivilcsu-in goodncss; ca-also;
lalpcsu-in dciciminaiion; malaimyam-gloiy; adlilam-bciici; laicl-ol Loid Haii;
iajascsu-in passionm; ca-and; malaimyam-gloiilicaiion; adlilam-bciici;
bialmanal-ol lialma; vidul-ilcy lnow.
In ilc Maisya Puiana (53.67-6S) ii is also said:
"Tlc sagcs lnow ilai ilc gloiilicaiion ol Loid Haii, wlicl is coniaincd in ilc
goodncss Puianas is bciici ilan ilc gloiilicaiion ol lialma, wlicl is coniaincd in
ilc passion Puianas.
Tcxi 20
iadvad agncs ca malaimyam
iamascsu sivasya ca
sanlïincsu saiasvaiyal
piiinam ca nigadyaic. iii.
iadvai-in ilc samc way; agncl-ol Agni; ca-and; malaimyam-ilc gloiilicaiion;
iamascsu-in ignoiancc; sivasya-ol Siva; ca-also; sanlïincsu-cxpandcd; saiasvaiyal-
ol Saiasvaii; piiinam-ol ilc Piias; ca-also; nigadyaic-said; iii-ilus.
"Tlc sagcs also say ilai ilc gloiilicaiion ol Loid Haii is bciici ilan ilc
gloiilicaiion ol Siva and Agni, wlicl is coniaincd in ilc ignoiancc Puianas, and
ilc gloiilicaiion ol Loid Haii is also bciici ilan ilc gloiilicaiion ol Saiasvaiï and
ilc Piias, wlicl is coniaincd in a losi ol misccllancous sciipiuics."
Tcxi 21
vaisnavam naiadïyam ca
iaila blagavaiam sublc
gaiudam ca iaila padmam
vaialam subla-daisanc
vaisnavam-Visnu; naiadïyam-Naiada; ca-and; iaila-so; blagavaiam-Siïmad-
llagavaiam; sublc-O bcauiilul onc; gaiudam-Gaiuda; ca-also; iaila-so; padmam-
Padma; vaialam-Vaiala; subla-daisanc-O bcauiilul onc.
In ilc Maisya Puiana, Loid Siva also says:
"O bcauiilul onc, ii is said ilai ilc Puianas in ilc modc ol goodncss aic: 1.
Visnu, 2. Naiada, 3. Siïmad-llagavaiam, +. Gaiuda, 5. Padma, and 6. Vaiala.
Tcxi 22
bialmandam bialma-vaivaiiam
mailandcyam iailaiva ca
blavisyam vamanam bialmyam
iajasani nigadyaic
bialmandam-lialmanda; bialma-vaivaiiam-lialma-vaivaiia; mailandcyam-
Mailandcya; iaila-so; cva-indccd; ca-also; blavisyam-llavisya; vamanam-
Vamana; bialmyam-lialma; iajasani-in ilc modc ol passion; nigadyaic-is said.
"Ii is said ilai ilc Puianas in ilc modc ol passion aic: 1. lialmanda, 2.
lialma-vaivaiia, 3. Mailandcya, +. llavisya, 5. Vamana, and 6. lialma.
Tcxi 23
maisyam luimam iaila laingam
saivam slandam iailaiva ca
agncyalam iailaiiani
iamasani nigadyaic. iiy adi.
maisyam-Maisya; luimam-Kuima; iaila-so; laingam-Linga; saivam-Siva;
slandam-Slanda; iaila-so; cva-indccd; ca-and; agncyalam-Agni; iaila-so; ciani-
ilcy; iamasani-in ignoiancc; nigadyaic-is said; iii-ilus; adi-bcginning.
"Ii is said ilai ilc Puianas in ilc modc ol ignoiancc aic: 1. Maisya, 2. Kuima,
3. Linga, +. Siva, 5. Slanda, and 6. Agni."
Tcxi 2+
aia uliam slandc sanmullam piaii siï-sivcna
siva-sasiicsu iad gialyam
blagavac-clasiia-yogi yai
paiamo visnui cvailas
iaj jnanam molsa-sadlanam
sasiianam niinayas iv
csas iad anyan molanaya li. iii.
aia-ilcicloic; uliam-said; slandc-in ilc Slanda Puiana; sanmullam-
Kaiiiilcya; piaii-io; siï-sivcna-by Loid Siva; siva-ol Siva; sasiicsu-in ilc sciipiuics;
iai-ilai; gialyam-io bc acccpicd; blagavac-clasiia-yogi-appiopiiaic loi ilc
sciipiuics ol Loid Visnu; yai-wlai; paiamal-Supicmc; visnul-Loid Visnu; cva-
indccd; clal-onc; iaj-ilai; jnanam-lnowlcdgc; molsa-sadlanam-biinging
libciaiion; sasiianam-ol sciipiuics; niinayal-ilc conclusion; iv-indccd; csal-ilis;
iai-ilai; anyan-anoilci; molanaya-loi bcwildcimcni; li-indccd; iii-ilus.
In ilc Slanda Puiana, Loid Siva iclls Kaiiiilcya:
"Tlc siaicmcnis ol ilc Siva sciipiuics slould bc acccpicd only wlcn ilcy agicc
wiil ilc Visnu sciipiuics. Loid Visnu is ilc only Supicmc Loid, and lnowlcdgc ol
Him is ilc pail io libciaiion. Tlai is ilc conclusion ol all ilc sciipiuics. Any oilci
conclusions aic mcani only io bcwildci ilc pcoplc."
Tcxi 25
iailaiva ca disiam molsa-dlaimc naiayanïyopallyanc. vaisampayana uvaca
iaila-so; cva-indccd; ca-also; disiam-sccn; molsa-dlaimc-in ilc Molsa-
dlaima; naiayanïyopallyanc-in ilc sioiy nol Loid Naiayana; vaisampayana
uvaca-Vaisampayana said.
Tlis is also sccn in ilc lollowing passagc ol ilc Molsa-dlaima,
Naiayanïyopallyana, wlcic Vaisampayana says:
Tcxi 26
sanllyam yogal pancaiaiiam
vcdal pasapaiam iaila
jnanany ciani iajaisc
viddli nana-maiani vai
sanllyam-sanllya; yogal-yoga; pancaiaiiam-Pancaiaiia; vcdal-Vcdas;
pasapaiam-Saiva-sasiias; iaila-so; jnanani-lnowlcdgcs; ciani-ilcsc; iajaisc-O
sainily ling; viddli-plcasc lnow; nana-maiani-vaiious opinions; vai-indccd.
"O sainily ling, plcasc lnow ilai ilcic aic many dillcicni plilosoplics, sucl as
ilc sanllya, yoga, pancaiaiia, Vcdic, and Saiva plilosoplics.
Tcxi 27
sanllyasya valia lapilal
paiamaisil sa ucyaic
liianyagaiblo yogasya
vciia nanyal puiaianal
sanllyasya-ol sanllya; valia-ilc spcalci; lapilal-Kapila; paiamaisil-ilc gicai
sagc; sa-lc; ucyaic-is said; liianyagaiblal-lialma; yogasya-ol yoga; vciia-ilc
lnow; na-noi; anyal-anoilci; puiaianal-ancicni.
"Tlc gicai sagc Kapila is ilc piopoundci ol ilc sanllya plilosoply. Ancicni
lialma is ilc lnowci ol yoga. No onc is lilc lim.
Tcxi 2S
apaniaiaiamas caiva
vcdacaiyal sa ucyaic
piacïnagaiblam iam isim
piavadanii li lccana
apaniaiaiamal-Apaniaiaiama; ca-also; cva-indccd; vcda-ol ilc Vcdas; acaiyal-
ilc icaclci; sa-lc; ucyaic-is said; piacïnagaiblam-Piacinagaibla; iam-lim; isim-
ilc sagc; piavadanii-call; li-indccd; lccana-somc.
"Tlc sagc Apaniaiaiama is said io bc ilc icaclci ol ilc Vcdas. Somc call lim by
ilc namc Piacïnagaibla.
Tcxi 29
uma-paioi bluia-paiil
siïlanilo bialmanal suial
uliavan idam avyagio
jnanam pasupaiam sival
uma-paiol-ol ilc lusband ol Paivaii; bluia-paiil-ilc masici ol ilc glosis;
siïlanilal-wlo las a bcauiilul nccl; bialmanal-ol lialma; suial-ilc son;
uliavan-said; idam-ilis; avyagial-dciaclcd; jnanam-lnowlcdg; pasupaiam-Saiva;
sival-Loid Siva.
"Loid Siva, wlo is lialma's son, Paivaiï's lusband, and ilc glosis' masici, and
wlo las a gloiious nccl and is dciaclcd liom maiciial lilc, spolc ilc Saiva
plilosoply.
Tcxi 30
pancaiaiiasya liisnasya
valia iu blagavan svayam
saivcsu ca nipa-sicsila
jnancsv cicsu disyaic
pancaiaiiasya-ol pancaiaiia; liisnasya-cniiic; valia-ilc spcalci; iu-indccd;
blagavan-ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; svayam-Himscll; saivcsu-in all; ca-
also; nipa-sicsila-O bcsi ol lings; jnancsv-in lnowlcdgcs; cicsu-in ilcsc; disyaic-
is sccn.
"Tlc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad is Himscll ilc spcalci ol ilc pancaiaiia
plilosoply. O bcsi ol lings, ilc pancaiaiia plilosoply is sccn as ilc bcsi ol all ilc
plilosoplics.
Tcxi 31
yailagamam yaila-jnanam
nisila naiayanal piablul
na cainam cvam jananii
iamo-bluia visam-paic
yaila-as; agamam-sciipiuic; yaila-as; jnanam-lnowlcdgc; nisila-laiil;
naiayanal-Naiayana; piablul-ilc Loid; na-noi; ca-also; cnam-io Him; cvam-ilus;
jananii-lnow; iamo-bluia-manilcsicd in ilc modc ol ignoiancc; visam-paic-O
ling.
"To wlaicvci cxicni onc undcisiands ilc sciipiuics and lnows ilc iiuil ol
spiiiiual lilc, io ilai cxicni onc will lavc laiil ilai Loid Naiayana is ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad. O ling, pcisons wlo aic iiappcd in ilc modc ol ignoiancc
cannoi undcisiand ilai Naiayana is ilc Supicmc Loid.
Tcxi 32
iam cva sasiia-laiiaial
piavadanii manïsinal
nisilam naiayanam isim
nanyo 'siïii vaco mama
iam-Him; cva-cciiainly; sasiia-laiiaial-ilc ausilois ol ilc sciipiuics;
piavadanii-say; manïsinal-wisc; nisilam-laiil; naiayanam-Naiayana; isim-sagc;
na-noi; anyal-anoilci; asii-is; iii-ilus; vacal-woids; mama-ol mc.
Tlc wisc auilois ol ilc sciipiuics dcclaic ilai Naiayana is ilc Supicmc Loid.
Tlc sagcs placc ilcii laiil in Loid Naiayana. Nonc bui Him is ilc Supicmc. Tlosc
aic my woids.
Tcxi 33
nilsamsaycsu saivcsu
niiyam vasaii vai laiil
samsayad dlciu-valanan
nadlyavasaii madlaval
nilsamsaycsu-wiiloui doubi; saivcsu-in all; niiyam-always; vasaii-icsidcs; vai-
indccd; laiil-Loid Kisna; samsayai-liom doubi; lciu-causc; valanai-liom ilc
aciion; na-noi; adlyavasaii-icsidcs; madlaval-Loid Kisna.
"Loid Haii always siays wiil pcisons wlo lavc laiil in Him. Hc docs noi siay
among ilc laiillcss.
Tcxi 3+
pancaiaiia-vido yc iu
yailaliama-paia nipa
clania-blavopagaias
ic laiim piavisanii vai
pancaiaiia-ilc pancaiaiia; vidal-lnow; yc-wlo; iu-indccd; yaila-as; liama-
scqucncc; paia-dcvoicd; nipa-O ling; clania-blavopagaial-puic dcvoiccs; ic-ilcy;
laiim-Loid Kisna; piavisanii-aiiain; vai-indccd.
O ling, ilc puic dcvoiccs, wlo lnow ilc iiuils cxplaincd in ilc Pancaiaiias,
aiiain ilc company ol Loid Haii.
Tcxi 35
sanllyam yogas ca sanaianc dvc
vcdas ca saivc nillilc 'pi iajan
saivail samasiaii isiblii niiulio
naiayanam visvam idam puianam. iii.
sanllyam-sanllya; yogal-yoga; ca-and; sanaianc-cicinal; dvc-iwo; vcdal-ilc
Vcdas; ca-and; saivc-all; nillilc-all; api-also; iajan-O ling; saivail-by all;
samasiail-by all; isiblil-ilc sagcs; niiulial-said; naiayanam-Naiayana; visvam-
univcisc; idam-ilis; puianam-ancicni; iii-ilus.
"Sanllya and yoga aic boil cicinal. All ilc Vcdas aic also cicinal. All ilc sagcs
dcclaic ilai Loid Naiayana is ilc ancicni Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad, ilc
masici ol all ilc woilds."
Tcxi 36
aiia apaniaiaiamal iii siï-lisna-dvaipayanasyaiva janmaniaia-nama-viscsa iii
iaiiaiva jncyam. aiiaivam vyallycyam pancaiaiia-sammaiam siï-naiayanam cva
saivoiiamaivcna valium nana-maiam daisayaii sanllyam iii. iaiia pancaiaiiam
cva gaiisilam acasic pancaiaiiasyciy adau blagavan svayam iii.
aiia-lcic; apaniaiaiamal-apaniaiaiama; iii-ilus; siï-lisna-dvaipayanasya-ol Siï
Kisna-dvaipayana Vyasa; cva-cciiainly; janma-biiil; aniaia-in anoilci; nama-
namc; viscsa-spccilic; iii-ilus; iaiia-ilcic; cva-indccd; jncyam-io bc lnown; aiia-
lcic; cvam-ilus; vyallycyam-io bc cxplaincd; pancaiaiia-ol ilc Pancaiaiias;
sammaiam-ilc conclusion; siï-naiayanam-Siï Naiayana; cva-indccd;
saivoiiamaivcna-as ilc bcsi ol all; valium-io say; nana-maiam-vaiious opinions;
daisayaii-icvcal; sanllyam-sanllya; iii-ilus; iaiia-ilcic; pancaiaiiam-Pancaiaiia;
cva-indccd; gaiisilam-ilc bcsi; acasic-says; pancaiaiiasya-ol Pancaiaiia; iii-ilus;
adau-bcginning; blagavan-ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; svayam-
pcisonally; iii-ilus.
Hcic ilc woid "apaniaiaiama" is Siï Kisna-dvaipayana Vyasa's namc in a
picvious biiil. Tlcsc vciscs cxplain ilai all ilcsc dillcicni plilosoplics uliimaicly
lcad io ilc Pancaiaiia plilosoply, wlicl dcclaics ilai Loid Naiayana is ilc
supicmc masici ol all. Tlc vcisc quoicd lcic in icxi 30 spccilically dcclaics ilai
ilc Pancaiaiia plilosoply is ilc bcsi ol all plilosoplics.
Tcxi 37
aila dvau bluia-saigau lolc 'smin daiva asuia cva iii siï-gïiasu siuyaic.
aila-now; dvau bluia-saigau lolc 'smin daiva asuia cva iii siï-gïiasu-in
llagavad-giia 16.6; siuyaic-is lcaid.
In llagavad-gïia (16.6) ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad dcclaics:
"O son ol Piila, in ilis woild ilcic aic iwo linds ol cicaicd bcings. Onc is
callcd ilc divinc and ilc oilci ilc dcmonic."¯
Tcxi 3S
yad cva iani nana-maiani iiy uliam iaiivasuia pialiiy-anusaicnciy cva jncyam.
daiva-pialiiayas iu iai-iai-saivavalolancna pancaiaiia-piaiipadyc siï-naiayana cva
paiyavasyaniïiy ala saivcsv iii. asuiams iu nindaii na cainam iii.
yad cva-ilcicloic; iani nana-maiani iiy uliam-said in ilc passagc bcginnignw
iil ilc woids "nana-maiani"; iaiiva-iiuil; asuia-asuia; pialiiy-anusaicna-
lollowing maiici; iii-ilus; cva-indccd; jncyam-io bc lnown; daiva-pialiiayal-wlo
lavc a spiiiiual naiuic; iu-bui; iai-iai-vaiious; saiva-all; avalolancna-by sccing;
pancaiaiia-piaiipadyc-cxplaincd in ilc Pancaiaiia; siï-naiayana-Siï Naiayana; cva-
indccd; paiyavasyanii-comcs io ilc conclusion; iii-ilus; ala-said; saivcsv iii-in ilc
passagc bcginning wiil ilc woid saivcsu; asuiaml-ilc dcmons; iu-bui; nindaii-
ciiiicizcs; na cainam iii-ilc passagc bcginning wiil ilc woids "na cainam".
In ilcsc vciscs (bcginning wiil icxi 26) ilc dcmonic and sainily naiuics aic
boil dcsciibcd. In ilc woids bcginning wiil ic vcisc quoicd lcic in icxi 30 ii is
said ilai ilc linal conclusion ol ilc Pancaiaiia plilosoply is ilc undcisianding
ilai Lod Naiayana is ilc Siï Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad. In ilc vcisc quoicd
lcic and in icxi 31 ilc dcmons aic ciiiicizcd.
Tcxi 39
iad uliam visnu-dlaimagni-puianayol
dvau bluia-saigau lolc 'smin
daiva asuia cva ca
visnu-blalial smiio saiva
asuias iad-vipaiyayal. iii.
iai-ilai; uliam-said; visnu-dlaimagni-puianayol-in ilc Visnu, Dlaima, and
Agni Puianas; dvau-iwo; bluia-ol ilc living bcings; saigau-disposiiions; lolc-in
ilc woild; asmin-in ilis; daiva-godly; asuia-dcmonic; cva-cciiainly; ca-and; visnu-
blalial-a dcvoicc ol Loid Visnu; smiial-icmcmbcicd; daiva-godly; asuial-
dcmonic; iad-vipaiyayal-ilc opposiic ol ilai; iii-ilus.
In ilc Visnu Puiana, Dlaima Puiana, and Agni Puiana ii is said:
"Tlcic aic iwo classcs ol mcn in ilc cicaicd woild. Onc consisis ol ilc
dcmonic and ilc oilci ol ilc godly. Tlc dcvoiccs ol Loid Visnu aic ilc godly,
wlcicas ilosc wlo aic jusi ilc opposiic aic callcd dcmons."¯
Tcxi +0
nanu iaiia iaiia maiaya cva disyanic. iaiiala iam cvcii. pancaiaiiciaia-sasiia-
laiiaio li dvi-vidlal lincij-jnal saiva-jnas ca. iaiiadya yaila sva-sva-
jnananusaicna yai lincii iaiivaila-dcsam vadanii. iai iu samudiaila-dcsa-
vainanam samudia iva puina-iaiivc siï-naiayana cva paiyavasyaiïii ic iam cva
lincid vadanii.
nanu-is ii noi so; iaiia iaiia-ilcic; maiaya-opinions; cva-indccd; disyanic-aic
sccn; iaiia-ilcic; ala-said iam cva iii-ilc woids "iam cva"; pancaiaiia-Pancaiiaia;
iiaia-oilci; sasiia-sciipiuics; laiiaial-auilois; li-indccd; dvi-vidlal-iwo linds;
lincij-jnal-ilcy wlo lavc somc lnowlcdgc; saiva-jnal-ilcy wlo lavc all
lnowlcdgc; ca-also; iaiia-ilcic; adyal-ilc loimci; yaila-as; sva-sva-jnana-onc's
own lnowlcdgc; anusaicna-accoiding io; yai-wlai; lincii-somciling; iaiiva-iiuil;
cla-only; dcsam-placc; vadanii-say; iai-ilai; iu-bui; samudia-occan; cla-only;
dcsa-placc; vainanam-dcsciipiion; samudia-occan; iva-lilc; puina-lull; iaiivc-
iiuil; siï-naiayana-Siï Naiayana; cva-indccd; paiyavasyaii-concludcs; iii-ilus; ic-
ilcy; iam-Him; cva-indccd; lincii-somciling; vadanii-say.
Hcic somconc may pioicsi: Is ii noi iiuc ilai ilcic aic many dillcicni
plilosoplics, and ilcy aic all valid in ilcii own way'
To ilis pioicsi a icply may bc givcn by quoiing ilc vcisc givcn lcic in icxi 32.
Asidc liom ilc auiloi ol ilc Pancaiaiias, ilc auilois ol ilc sciipiuics aic ol iwo
linds: 1. pisons wlo lavc somc lnowlcdgc, and 2. pcisons wlo lavc all
lnowlcdgc. Tlc liisi ol ilcsc, ilc pcisons wlo lavc somc lnowlcdgc, can dcsciibc
somc poiiions ol ilc iiuil, accoiding io wlai ilcy lavc ilc powci io undcisiand
ol ii. Ii is vciy dilliculi io dcsciibc ilc cniiic occan, bui onc may dcsciibc a poiiion
ol ii. Tlc gloiics ol Loid Naiayana aic vasi lilc an occan. Tlcicloic ilcsc auilois
ol sciipiuic aic ablc io dcsciibc only a cciiain poiiion ol ilcm.
Tcxi +1
yc iu saivajnas ic caivam ablipiayanii nasmablii asuianam molanaiilam cva
liiani sasiiani. liniu daivanam vyaiiiclcna bodlanaiilam.
yc-wlo; iu-bui; saivajnal-lnowing all; ic-ilcy; ca-and; cvam-ilus;
ablipiayanii-inicnd; na-noi; asmablil-by us; asuianam-ol dcmons; molanaiilam-
loi bcwildcimcni; cva-indccd; liiani-donc; sasiiani-bools; liniu-lowcvci;
daivanam-ol godly; vyaiiiclcna-by coniiasi; bodlanaiilam-loi cnliglicning.
Sciipiuic auilois wlo lavc all lnowlcdgc do noi ilinl Lci us wiiic mislcading
ilings io bcwildci ilc dcmons'. On ilc coniiaiy, ilcy ilinl Lci us wiiic ilings io
cnliglicn ilc godly'.
Tcxi +2
ic li iajas-iamal-savalasya llandasya ca iaiivasya iaila llcsa-balulasya
sadlanasya ca piaiipadalany ciani sasiiani disiva vcdams ca duigaman disiva ca
niividya saiva-vcdaiila-saiasya suddlallanda-iaiiva-siï-naiayanasya sullamaya-
iad-aiadlanasya ca susilu piaiipadalc pancaiaiic cva gadlam piavclsyaniïii.
ic-ilcy; li-indccd; iajal-passion; iamal-ignoiancc; savalasya-baibaiian;
llandasya-biolcn; ca-and; iaiivasya-iiuil; iaila-so; llcsa-balulasya-ol many
iioublcs; sadlanasya-ol ilc mcilod; ca-and; piaiipadalani-piovcd; ciani-ilcsc;
sasiiani-sciipiuics; disiva-sccing; vcdaml-ilc Vcdas; ca-and; duigaman-dilliculi io
lollow; disiva-sccing; ca-and; niividya-bcing dissaiislicd; saiva-all; vcda-Vcdas;
aiila-ilc mcaning; saiasya-ol ilc bcsi; suddla-puic; allanda-unbiolcn; iaiiva-
iiuil; siï-naiayanasya-ol Loid Naiayana; sullamaya-consisiing ol lappincss; iai-
ol Him; aiadlanasya-ol ilc woislip; ca-and; susilu-clcaily; piaiipadalc-piovcd;
pancaiaiic-in ilc Pancaiaiia; cva-indccd; gadlam-liimly; piavclsyanii-will
cxplain; iii-ilus.
Sccing ilai ilc impcilcci sciipiuics in ilc modcs ol passion and ignoiancc
biing only a losi ol iioublcs, and also sccing ilai ilc oiiginal Vcdas aic vciy
dilliculi io lollow piopcily, and ilus bcing vciy dissaiislicd wiil boil ol ilcm, ilc
all-lnowing sciipiuic auilois alliim ilc supciioiiiy ol ilc Pancaiaiias, wlicl
dcsciibc ilc puic absoluic iiuil, Loid Naiayana, and ilc woislip ol Loid
Naiayana, wlicl is vciy casy io pciloim.
Tcxi +3
iad ciad ala nilsamsaycsv iii. iasmai jlaiiii vcdaiila-piaiipaiiayc pancaiaiiam
cvadlyciavyam iiy ala pancaiaiicii. yaia cvam iaia upasamlaiaii sanllyam ca
yogas ccii.
iai-ilis; ciai-ilai; ala-said; nilsamsaycsv iii-in ilc vcisc bcginning wiil ilc
woid nilsamsaycsu; iasmai-liom ilai; jlaiiii-ai oncc; vcdaiila-ilc mcaning ol ilc
Vcdas; piaiipaiiayc-io csiablisl; pancaiaiiam-ilcw Pancaiaiia; cva-cciiainly;
adlyciavyam-io bc siudicd; iii-ilus; ala-said; pancaiaiia iii-ilc vcsic bcginning
wiil ilc woid "pancaiaiia; yaia-liom ilai; cvam-ilus; iaia-liom ilai;
upasamlaiaii-concludcs; sanllyam ca yogas ca iii-ilc vcisc bcginning wiil ilc
woids sanllyam ca yogas ca".
Tlis is conliimcd in ilc Molsa-dlaima vcisc quoicd lcic in icxi 33. In ilc
Molsa-dlaima vcisc quoicd lcic in icxi 3+, ii is said ilai io quiclly undcisiad ilc
iiuc mcaning and puiposc ol ilc Vcdas onc slould siudy ilc Pancaiaiias. Tlai
conclusion is givcn iis linal loim in ilc Molsa-dlaima vcisc quoicd in ilis
anucclcda in icxi 35.
Tcxi ++
iad cvam pancaiaiia-piaiipadya-iupasya siï-blagavaia cvam uilaisc siliic
aimaiamas ca munayal iiy ady asalid apuivam upadisaia siï-blagavaicna
piaiipadya-iupasya iasya lim uiciy api vivccanïyam.
iai-ilai; cvam-ilus; pancaiaiia-ol ilc Pancaiaiias; piaiipadya-io bc csiablislcd;
iupasya-ol ilc loim; siï-blagavaia-ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; cvam-
ilus; uilaisc-posiiion ol bcing mosi cxalicd; siliic-siiuaicd; aimaiamas ca
munayal iiy adi-in Siïmad-llagavaiam 1.7.10; asalii-many iimcs; apuivam-
unpicccdcnicd; upadisaia-slows; siï-blagavaicna-by Siïmad-llagavaiam;
piaiipadya-iupasya-ilc loim io bc piovcd; iasya-ol ilai; lim uia-low mucl
moic'; iii-ilus; api-also; vivccanïyam-io bc said.
Tlai ilc loim ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad is ilc oiiginal, ilc
liglcsi lcaiuic ol ilc Supicmc is ilc iiuil iaugli in ilc Pancaiaiias. Tlis iiuil is
also conliimcd by ilc lollowing woids ol Siïmad-llagavaiam (1.7.10):
"All dillcicni vaiiciics ol aimaiamas (ilosc wlo ialc plcasuic in aima, oi spiiii
scll), cspccially ilosc csiablislcd on ilc pail ol scll-icalizaiion, ilougl liccd liom
all linds ol maiciial bondagc, dcsiic io icndci unalloycd dcvoiional scivicc unio
ilc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad. Tlis mcans ilai ilc Loid posscsscs iiansccndcnial
qualiiics and ilcicloic can aiiiaci cvciyonc, including libciaicd souls."¯
Wlai moic nccd bc said'
Tcxi +5
iad ciad ulianusaicna sada-sivcsvaia-iii-dcvï-iupa-vyulo 'pi niiasial. iasmad
cva ca siï-blagavai-puiusayoi cva saivagamc sadasivadi-samjnc ian-malima-
llyapanaya dliic iii gamyaic. saiva-sasiia-siiomanau siï-blagavaic iu iii-dcvyam
cva iai-iaiaiamya-jijnasa. puiusa-blagavaios iu iai-piasanga cva nasii.
iai-ilis; ciai-ilai; ulia-said; anusaicna-lollowing; sada-sivcsvaia-ol Loid
Sadasiva; iii-dcvi-iupa-vyulal-ilc loims ol ilc ilicc goddcsscs; api-also; niiasial-
icjccicd; iasmai-ilciclgoic; cva-indccd; ca-also; siï-blagavai-puiusayol-ol ilc
Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad and ilc puiusa-avaiaia; cva-indccd; saivagamc-in
ilc Siava sciipiuics; sadasiva-wiil Loid Sadasiva; adi-bcginning; samjnc-namcs;
ian-malima-llyapanaya-loi dcsciibing His gloiics; dliic-lcld; iii-ilus; gamyaic-is
aiiaincd; saiva-sasiia-siiomanau-in ilc cicsi jcwcl ol all sciipiuics; siï-blagavaic-
in Siïmad-llagavaiam; iu-bui; iii-dcvyam-in ilc ilicc goddcsscs; cva-indccd; iai-
iaiaiamya-ol ilc giadaiions ol liglci and lowci; jijnasa-ilc dcsiic io undcisiand;
puiusa-blagavaiol-ol ilc puiusa-avaiaia and ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad; iu-bui; iai-piasanga-in associaiion wiil Him; cva-indccd; na-noi; asii-is.
In may also bc noicd in ilc conicxi ol ilcsc woids ilai Loid Sadasiva is noi ilc
samc as ilc dcmigod Siva ol ilc ilicc guna-avaiaias. In ilc Siva sciipiuics ii is
clcaily said ilai Loid Sadasiva is an cxpansion ol ilc puiusa-avaiaia and ilc
Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad. In Siïmad-llagavaiam (in Canio Tcn. Clapici
Ligliy-ninc), ilc cicsi jcwcl ol all sciipiuics, ilc qucsiion "Wlo is ilc mosi
cxalicd ol ilc ilicc guna-avaiaias'" is iaiscd. In ilc answci givcn ilcic ii is clcai
ilai ilc dcmigod Siva is noi an cxpansion ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad
and ilc puiusa-avaiaia.
Tcxi +6
bialmadayo yai liia-sciu-pala
yai laianam visvam idam ca maya
ajna-laiï yasya pisaca-caiya
alo viblumnas caiiiam vidambanam
bialmadayal-dcmigods lilc lialma; yai-wlosc; liia-aciiviiics; sciu-icligious
iiics; palal-obscivcis; yai-onc wlo is; laianam-ilc oiigin ol; visvam-ilc univcisc;
idam-ilis; ca-also; maya-maiciial cncigy; ajna-laiï-oidci caiiici; yasya-wlosc;
pisaca-dcvilisl; caiya-aciiviiy; alal-O my Loid; viblumnal-ol ilc gicai; caiiiam-
claiacici; vidambanam-simply imiiaiion.
Tlc dcmigod Loid Siva is dcsciibcd in ilc lollowing woids ol Siïmad-
llagavaiam (3.1+.29):
"Dcmigods lilc lialma also lollow ilc icligious iiics obscivcd by lim (Siva).
Hc (Siva) is ilc coniiollci ol ilc maiciial cncigy, wlicl causcs ilc cicaiion ol ilc
maiciial woild. lc is gicai, and ilcicloic lis dcvilisl aciiviiics aic simply
imiiaiion."¯
Tcxi +7
iiy asya iiiïyc gunavaiaiaivcna paiamcsvaiablcda-disiya iailaivam uliam iii
jncyam.
iii-ilus; asya-ol ilis; iiiïyc-in ilc Tliid Canio; gunavaiaiaivcna-as a guna-
avaiai; paiamcsvaiablcda-disiya-by ilc cxplanaiion ilai lc is dillcicni liom ilc
Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; iailaivam-ilc siaic ol bcing lilc ilai; uliam-
said; iii-ilus; jncyam-io bc lnown.
Iiom ilcsc woids ol Siïmad-llagavaiam ii slould bc undcisiood ilai ilc
dcmigod Siva is onc ol ilc guna-avaiaias. Hc is dillcicni liom ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad.
Tcxi +S
nanu
na ic giiiiiallila-lola-pala-
viiinca-vailunila-suicndia-gamyam
jyoiil paiam yaiia iajas iamas ca
saiivam na yad bialma niiasia-blcdam
iiy asya iasya paiaivam siuyaic cvasiamc.
nanu-is ii noi said'; na-noi; ic-ol youi Loidslip; giiiiia-O ling ol ilc
mouniains; allila-lola-pala-all ilc diicciois ol dcpaiimcnis ol maiciial aciiviiics;
viiinca-Loid lialma; vailunila-Loid Visnu; suicndia-ilc ling ol lcavcn;
gamyam-ilcy cann undcisiand; jyoiil-cllulgcncc; paiam-iiansccndcnial; yaiia-
wlcicin; iajal-ilc modc ol passion; iamas ca-and ilc modc ol ignoiancc; saiivam-
ilc modc ol goodncss; na-noi; yad bialma-wlicl is impcisonal lialma; niiasia-
blcdam -wiiloui disiinciion bciwccn dcmigods and luman bcings; iii-ilus; asya-
ol Him; iasya-ol Him; paiaivam-supicmacy; siuyaic-is lcaid; cva-indccd; asiamc-in
ilc Liglil Canio.
Hcic somconc may pioicsi: Is ii noi so ilai ilc lollowing woids aic lound in
ilc Liglil Canio ol Siïmad-llagavaiam (S.7.31):
"O Loid Giiisa, sincc ilc impcisonal lialman cllulgcncc is iiansccndcnial io
ilc maiciial modcs ol goodncss, passion, and ignoiancc, ilc vaiious diicciois ol
ilc maiciial woild cciiainly cannoi appicciaic ii oi cvcn lnow wlcic ii is. Ii is noi
undcisiandablc cvcn io Loid lialma, Loid Visnu, oi ilc King ol lcavcn,
Malcndia."¯
Tlcsc woids ol Siïmad-llagavaiam's Liglil Canio clcaily slow ilai Loid Siva
is ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad.
Tcxi +9
maivam. malimna siuyamana li dcva vïiycna vaidlaic iii vaidila-nyaycna iad-
ayulicl. sa li siaval lalaluia-nasaiilam cva.
ma-noi; cvam-lilc ilai; malimna-gloiy; siuyamana-piaising; li-indccd; dcva-
dcmigods; vïiycna-wiil powci; vaidlaic-incicasc; iii-ilus; vaidila-ol ilc Vcdas;
nyaycna-by ilc cxamplc; iad-ayulicl-noi logical loi ilai; sa-ilai; li-indccd;
siaval-piayci; lalaluia-nasaiilam-io dcsiioy ilc lalaluia poison; cva-indccd.
To ilis pioicsi I icply: Ii is noi so. Tlc idca ilai Loid Siva is ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad is dispiovcd by ilc lollowing woids ol ilc Vcdas:
"ly gloiilying Loid Visnu, ilc dcmigods bccomc powcilul."
Tlc Siïmad-llagavaiam vcisc you quoicd was an appcal io Loid Siva bcgging
lim io dcsiioy ilc occan ol Kalaluia poison.
Tcxi 50
iaiiaiva piïic laiau blagavaii piiyc 'lam sa-caiacaial iii.
iaiia-ilcic; cva-indccd; piïic laiau blagavaii piiyc 'lam sa-caiacaial iii-
Siïmad-llagavaiam S.7.+0.
In ilai samc clapici ol Siïmad-llagavaiam (S.7.+0) Loid Siva limscll alliims
ilc supicmacy ol Loid Visnu. Siva says:
"My dcai gcnilc wilc llavanï, wlcn onc pciloims bcncvolcni aciiviiics loi
oilcis, ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad, Haii, is vciy plcascd. And wlcn ilc
Loid is plcascd, I am also plcascd, along wiil all oilci living cicaiuics."¯
Tcxi 51

iaila navamc
vayam na iaia piablavama blumni.
yasmin paic 'nyc 'py aja-jïva-losal
blavanii lalc na blavanii lïdisal
salasiaso yaiia vayam bliamamal. iii.
iaila-so; navamc-in ilc Ninil Canio; vayam-wc; na-noi; iaia-O my dcai son;
piablavama-sullicicnily ablc; blumni-unio ilc gicai Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad; yasmin-in wlom; paic-in ilc Tiansccndcncc; anyc-oilcis; api-cvcn; aja-
Loid lialma; jïva-ilc living cniiiics; losal-ilc univciscs; blavanii-can bccomc;
lalc-in duc couisc ol iimc; na-noi; blavanii-can bccomc; li-indccd; ïdisal-lilc
ilis; salasiasal-many ilousands and millions; yaiia-wlcicin; vayam-all ol us;
bliamamal-aic ioiaiing; iii-ilus.
Tlai Loid Siva is noi ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad is also conliimcd by
ilcsc woids ol Siïmad-llagavaiam (9.+.56) wlcic Loid Siva limscll cxplains:
"My dcai son, I, Loid lialma, and ilc oilci dcmigods, wlo ioiaic wiilin ilis
univcisc undci ilc misconccpiion ol oui gicaincss, cannoi cxlibii any powci io
compcic wiil ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad, loi innumciablc univciscs and
ilcii inlabiianis comc inio cxisicncc and aic annililaicd by ilc simplc diicciion
ol ilc Loid."¯
Tcxi 52
cic vayam yasya vasc malaimanal siliial salunila iva suiia-yaniiiial iii ca
iad-valya-viiodlai.
cic- vayam yasya vasc malaimanal siliial salunila iva suiia-yaniiiial iii-
Siïmad-llagavaiam 5.17.23; ca-also; iad-valya-viiodlai-bccausc ol icluiing ilosc
woids.
In Siïmad-llagavaiam (5.17.23) Loid Siva limscll alliims:
"Tlcicloic, I woislip ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad, wlo is gicaici ilan
any ol us and undci wlosc coniiol aic siiuaicd all ilc dcmigods, maiciial
clcmcnis, and scnscs, and cvcn Loid lialma and I myscll, lilc biids bound by a
iopc."¯
Tlcsc iwo vciscs ol Siïmad-llagavaiam clcaily icluic ilc idca ilai Loid Siva is
ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad.
Tcxi 53
ailava yai sivasya jyoiis iaiia siliiam paiamaimallyam caiianyam iai-samyag-
jnanc iasyapy alsamaia yuliaiva.
ailava-oi; yai-wlicl; sivasya-ol Loid Siva; jyoiil-cllulgcncc; iaiia-ilcic;
siliiam-siiuaicd; paiamaimallyam-callcd ilc Supcisoul; caiianyam-coscious; iai-
samyag-jnanc-in iigli lnowlcdgc; iasya-ol Him; api-also; alsamaia-inabiliiy;
yulia-piopci; cva-indccd.
Oi, considciing ilis liom anoilci poini ol vicw, ii may bc said ilai Loid Siva's
cllulgcncc, wlicl is dcsciibcd in ilc vcisc (Siïmad-llagavaiam S.7.31, quoicd
lcic in icxi +S) picviously quoicd by you, is ilc lomc ol all-lnowing Loid Visnu,
wlo is lnown s ilc Paiamaima, oi Supcisoul. Undcisiood in ilis way, ii is quiic
piopci ilai Loid Siva's cllulgcncc is bcyond ilc living cniiiics' undcisianding.
Tcxi 5+
yad uliam dyu-paiaya cva ic na yayui aniam ananiaiaya ivam api yad
aniaianda-nicaya nanu savaianal iii.
yai-wlai; uliam-said; dyu-paiaya cva ic na yayui aniam ananiaiaya ivam api
yad aniaianda-nicaya nanu savaianal iii-Siïmad-llagavaiam 10.S7.+1.
Tlai Loid Visnu is ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad is also conliimcd by
ilc lollowing woids ol Siïmad-llagavaiam (10.S7.+1), wlcic ilc Pcisonilicd
Vcdas piay io Loid Visnu:
"Oui dcai Loid, alilougl Loid lialma, ilc picdominaiing dciiy ol ilc liglcsi
planci, lialmalola, and King India, ilc picdominaiing dcmigod ol ilc lcavcnly
planci, as wcll as ilc picdominaiing dciiics ol ilc sun planci, ilc moon planci, cic.
aic all vciy conlidcniial diicciois ol ilis maiciial woild, ilcy lavc vciy liiilc
lnowlcdgc aboui You. And wlai io spcal ol oidinaiy luman bcings and mcnial
spcculaiois' Ii is noi possiblc loi anyonc io cnumciaic ilc unlimiicd
iiansccndcnial qualiiics ol Youi Loidslip. No onc, including ilc mcnial
spcculaiois and ilc dcmigods in ilc liglci planciaiy sysicms is aciually ablc io
csiimaic ilc lcngil and bicadil ol Youi loim and claiaciciisiics."¯
Tcxi 55
bialma-samliia-maic iu blagavad-anga-viscsa cva sadasival. na iv anyal.
yaila iaiiaiva saivadi-laiana-govinda-lailanc
bialma-samliia-maic-in ilc opinion ol lialma-samliia; iu-indccd; blagavad-
anga-viscsa-as a limb ol Loid Kisna's body; cva-indccd; sadasival-Loid Sadasiva;
na-noi; iv-bui; anyal-anoilci; yaila-as; iaiia-ilcic; cva-indccd; saivadi-laiana-ilc
oiiginal causc ol all causcs; govinda-ol Loid Kisna; lailanc-in ilc dcsciipiion.
In ilc woids ol lialma-samliia ii is said ilai Loid Sadasiva is a diicci
cxpansion ol Loid Visnu. Howcvci, ilc oilci Siva, ilc dcmigod Siva, is noi a
diicci cxpansion ol Loid Visnu. Tlis is dcsciibcd in ilc lollowing woids ol
lialma-samliia (5.S and 5.10) wlcic Loid Kisna's siaius as ilc oiiginal causc ol
all causcs is dcsciibcd in ilcsc woids:
Tcxi 56
niyaiil sa iama dcvï
iai-piiya iad-vasamvada
niyaiil-icgulaiiix; sa-slc; iama-goddcss Rama; dcvï-goddcss; iai-piiya-dcai io
lim; iad-vasamvada-undci coiniol.
"Ramadcvï, ilc spiiiiual (cii) poicncy, bclovcd consoii ol ilc Supicmc Loid, is
ilc icgulaiiix ol all cniiiics."¯¯
Tcxi 57
ial-lingam blagavan samblui
jyoii-iupal sanaianal
ya yonil sa paia saliil iiy adi.
ial-lingam-ilc cmblcm ol Him; blagavan-Loid; samblul-Samblu; jyoii-iupal-
ilc loim ol ligli; sanaianal-cicinal; ya-wlicl; yonil-placc ol biiil; sa-slc; paia-
divinc; saliil-poicncy; iii-ilus; adi-bcginning.
"Tlc divinc plcnaiy poiiion ol Kisna cicaics ilc mundanc woild. ai cicaiion
ilcic appcais a divinc lalo ol ilc naiuic ol His own subjcciivc poiiion (svamsa).
Tlis lalo is divinc Samblu, ilc masculinc symbol oi manilcsicd cmblcm ol ilc
Supicmc Loid. Tlis lalo is ilc dim iwiligli icllcciion ol ilc supicmc cicinal
cllulgcncc . Tlis masculinc symbol is ilc subjcciivc poiiion ol diviniiy wlo
lunciions as piogcniioi ol ilc mundanc woild, subjcci io ilc supicmc icgulaiiix
(niyaii). Tlc concciving poicncy in icgaid io mundanc cicaiion malcs lci
appcaiancc oui ol ilc supicmc icgulaiiix. Slc is Maya, ilc limiicd non-absoluic
(apaia) poicncy, ilc symbol ol mundanc lcmininc pioduciiviiy."¯
Tcxi 5S
iasminn aviiablul lingc
mala-visnul iiy ady-aniam.
iasmin-in ilai; aviiablui-maniclsicd; lingc-cmblcm; mala-visnul--Loid Mala-
Visnu; iii-ilus; adi-bcginning; aniam-cnd.
"ilc Loid ol ilc woild Mala-Visnu is manilcsi in lim (Siva) by His subjcciivc
poiiion in ilc loim ol His glancc."¯¯
Tcxi 59
iad ciad ablipiciya sadasivaivadi-piasiddlim apy alsipyala
iai-ilis; ciai-ilai; ablipiciya-undcidianding; sadasivaiva-ilc siaius ol Loid
sadasival adi-bcginning; piasiddlim-piool; api-also; alsipya-iliowing away; ala-
said.
Loid Sadasiva is ilus a diicci cxpansion ol Loid Visnu. Tlcicloic ilc woids ol
ilc lollowing vcisc (Siïmad-llagavaiam 1.1S.21) iclci noi io Him, bui io ilc
dcmigod Siva:
Tcxi 60
ailapi yai-pada-nallavasisiam
jagad-viiincopaliiailanamblal
scsam punaiy anyaiamo mulundai
lo nama lolc blagavai-padaiilal
aila-ilcicloic; api-cciiainly; yai-wlosc; pada-nalla-nails ol ilc lcci; avasisiam-
cmanaiing; jagai-ilc wlolc univcisc; viiinca-lialmaji; upaliia-collccicd; ailana-
woislip; amblal-waici; sa-along wiil; ïsam-Loid Siva; punaii-puiilics;
anyaiamal-wlo clsc; mulundai-bcsidcs ilc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad, Siï Kisna;
lal-wlo'; nama-namc; lolc-wiilin ilc woild; blagavai-Supicmc Loid; pada-
posiiion; aiilal-woiil.
"Wlo can bc woiily ol ilc namc ol ilc Supicmc Loid bui ilc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad, Siï Kisna' lialmajï collccicd ilc waici cmanaiing liom ilc nails ol His
lcci in oidci io awaid ii io Loid Siva as a woisliplul wclcomc. Tlis vciy waici (ilc
Gangcs) is puiilying ilc wlolc univcisc, including Loid Siva."¯
Tcxi 61
spasiam. siï-suial.
spasiam-clcai; siï-suial-Siï Suia Gosvamï.
Tlc mcaning ol ilis vcisc is clcai. Tlc vcisc quoicd in ilc bcginning ol ilis
anucclcda was spolcn by Siïla Suia Gosvamï.
Anuccheda 18
Tcxi 1
iasmai nalam sivo na canyc ca iac-claliy-clamsa-blaginal iiy cvam sadlv cva
uliam iiy ala
iasmai-ilcicloic; na-noi; alam-I; sival-Siva; na-noi; ca-and; anyc-oilcis; ca-
also; iai-salii-ol His poicncics; cla-onc; amsa-blaginal-paii; iii-ilus; cvam-ilus;
sadlv-wcll; cva-indccd; uliam-spolcn; iii-ilus; ala-said.
Tlai Loid Siva is noi ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad is also vciy
cloqucnily said in ilcsc woids ol ilc lialma-vaivaiia Puiana, wlcic Loid Siva
limscll dcclaics:
"I, Loid Siva, am noi ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad, and ilc oilci
dcmigods aic noi ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad ciilci. Wc aic all paiis ol
onc ol ilc Supicmc Loid's iiansccndcnial poicncics."
Tcxi 2
bialma blavo 'lam api yasya lalal lalayal iii.
bialma blavo 'lam api yasya lalal lalayal iii-Siïmad-llagavaiam 10.6S.37.
Tlai Loid Siva is noi ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad is also conliimcd by
ilc lollowing woids ol Siïmad-llagavaiam (10.6S.37) wlcic Loid lalaiama
dcclaics:
"lialma, Siva, and I aic paiis ol ilc paiis ol Loid Kisna."
Tcxi 3
spasiam. siï-baladcval.
spasiam-clcai; siï-baladcval-Loid lalaiama.
Tlc mcaning ol ilis vcisc is clcai. Tlis vcisc was spolcn by Loid lalaiama
Anuccheda 19
Tcxi 1
aila paiamaima-paiilaicsu jïvas iasya ca iaiasila-lalsanam lsciiajna cial iiy
aiioliam svaiupa-lalsanam padmoiiaia-llandadilam anusiiya siï-iamanujacaiya-
maiacaiya-vaicna paiama-viddla-siï-vaisnava-sampiadaya-guiuna siï-jamaii-
muninopadisiam.
aila-now; paiamaima-ol ilc Supcisoul; paiilaicsu-among ilc associaics; jïval-
ilc individual spiiii soul; iasya-ol Him; ca-and; iaiasila-lalsanam-considcicd ilc
maiginal poicncy; lsciiajna cial iii-Siïmad-llagavaiam 5.11.12; aiia-lcic; uliam-
said; svaiupa-lalsanam-ilc naiuic ol His own loim; padmoiiaia-llandadilam-
bcginning wiil ilc Padma Puiana, Uiiaia-llanda; anusiiya-lollowing; siï-
iamanujacaiya-ol Siï Ramanuja Acaiya; maia-ilc opinion; acaiya-vaicna-by ilc
gicai acaiya; paiama-gicai; viddla-incicascd; siï-vaisnava-sampiadaya-ol ilc Siï
Vaisnava sampiadaya; guiuna-by ilc spiiiiual masici; siï-jamaii-munina-by Siï
Jamaii Muni; upadisiam-iaugli.
Tlc individual spiiii soul is ilc maiginal poicncy ol ilc Loid. Tlc soul is
counicd among ilc associaics ol ilc Supcisoul. Tlis is cxplaincd in ilc lollowing
woids ol Siïmad-llagavaiam (5.11.12)
"Tlc individual soul bcicli ol Kisna consciousncss las many idcas and
aciiviiics cicaicd in ilc mind by ilc cxicinal cncigy. Tlcy lavc bccn cxisiing liom
iimc immcmoiial. Somciimcs ilcy aic manilcsi in ilc waling siaic and ilc dicam
siaic, bui duiing dccp slccp (unconsciousncss) oi iiancc, ilcy disappcai. A pcison
wlo is libciaicd in ilis lilc (jïvan-mulia) can scc all ilcsc ilings vividly."¯¯¯
Tlai ilc individual spiiii soul is ilc maiginal poicncy ol ilc Supicmc Loid is
conliimcd by ilc siaicmcnis ol Padma Puiana, Uiiaia-llanda, by ilc siaicmcnis ol
ilc gicai Siï Vaisnava acaiya Siï Ramanujacaiya, and also by ilc siaicmcnis ol ilc
sagc Jamaia Muni.
Tcxi 2
iaiia pianava-vyallyanc padmoiiaia-llandam yaila
jnanasiayo jnana-gunas
ccianal pialiicl paial
na jaio niivilaias ca
cla-iupal svaiupa-blal
iaiia-ilcic; pianava-vyallyanc-in ilc commcniaiy on Omlaia; padmoiiaia-
llandam-ilc Padma Puiana, Uiiaia-llanda; yaila-as; jnanasiayal-ilc slclici ol
lnowlcdgc; jnana-gunal-ilc qualiiy ol lnowlcdgc; ccianal-consciousncss;
pialiicl-liom naiuic; paial-abovc; na-noi; jaial-boin; niivilaial-unclanging; ca-
and; cla-iupal-onc loim; svaiupa-blal-siiuaicd in His oiiginal loim.
Tlai ilc individual spiiii soul is ilc maiginal poicncy ol ilc Supicmc Loid is
conliimcd by ilcsc woids ol Padma Puiana, Uiiaia-llanda, Clapici 90:
"Tlc individual spiiii soul is lull ol lnowlcdgc, viiiuous, bcyond ilc ioucl ol
maiici, unboin, unclanging, and naiuially siiuaicd in a singlc spiiiiual loim.
Tcxi 3
anui niiyo vyapii-sïlas
cid-anandaimalas iaila
alam-aiilo 'vyayal lsciiï
blinna-iupal sanaianal
anul-aiomic; niiyal-cicinal; vyapii-sïlal-all-pcivaidng; cid-anandaimalal-lull
ol spiiiiual bliss; iaila-so; alam-aiilal-cgo; avyayal-unclanging; lsciiï-iylc
lnowci ol ilci licld ol aciiviiics; blinna-iupal-a scpaiaicd loim; sanaianal-
cicinal.
"Hc is aiomic in sizc, all-pcivading wiilin ilc maiciial body, lull ol spiiiiual
bliss, a scpaiaic and disiinci pcison, unclanging, ilc lnowci ol ilc licld ol
aciiviiics, cicinal, and dillcicni liom oilcis.
Tcxi +
adalyo 'cclcdya allcdya
asosyo 'lsaia cva ca
cvam-adi-gunaii yulial
scsa-bluial paiasya vai
adalyal-noi buin; acclcdya-noi cui; allcdya-noi moisicncd; asosyal-noi
wiilcicd; alsaia-impciislablc; cva-indccd; ca-and; cvam-ilus; adi-bcginning;
gunail-wiil qualiiics; yulial-cndowcd; scsa-bluial-ilc icmaindci; paiasya-ol ilc
Supicmc; vai-indccd.
"Hc cannoi bc buincd, cui, moisicncd, diicd, wiilcicd, oi lillcd. Hc las ilcsc
and many oilci spiiiiual viiiucs. Hc is paii and paiccl ol ilc Supicmc.
Tcxi 5
malaicnocyaic jïval
lsciiajnal paiavan sada
dasa-bluio laici cva
nanyasyaiva ladacana. iii.
malaicna-by ilc syllablc ma; ucyaic-is said; jïval-ilc individual spiiii soul;
lsciiajnal-ilc lnowci ol ilc licld ol aciiviiics; paiavan-supciioi; sada-always;
dasa-bluial-a scivani; laicl-ol Loid Haii; cva-indccd; na-noi; anyasya-ol anoilci;
cva-indccd; ladacana-cvci; iii-ilus.
"In ilc sacicd syllablc Om, ilc lciici m siands loi ilc individual spiiii soul.
Tlc individual soul is ilc lnowci ol ilc licld ol aciiviiics. Hc is iiansccndcnial,
and lc is, in lis oiiginal spiiiiual naiuic, a scivani ol Loid Haii. Hc is noi a scivani
ol anyonc clsc."
Tcxi 6
siï-jamaii-muninapy upadisiam yaila
aima na dcvo na naio
na iiiyal silavaio na ca
na dclo ncndiiyam naiva
manal piano na napi dlïl
siï-jamaii-munina-by Siï Jamaia Muni; api-also; upadisiam-iaugli; yaila-as;
aima-ilc soul; na-noi; dcval-a dcmigod; na-noi; naio -a luman; na-noi; iiiyal-an
animal; silavaial-siaiionaiy; na-noi; ca-and; na-nio; dclal-body; na-noi;
indiiyam-scnscs; na-noi; cva-indccd; manal-ilc mind; pianal-ilc lilc bicail; na-
noi; na-noi; api-also; dlïl-ilc iniclligcncc.
Siï Jamaia Muni icaclcs:
"Tlc soul is noi a dcmigod, noi a luman bcing, noi a animal, noi an unmoving
plani, noi ilc maiciial body, noi ilc scnscs, noi ilc mind, noi ilc lilc bicail, and
noi ilc iniclligcncc.
Tcxi 7
na jado na vilaiï ca
jnana-maiiaimalo na ca
svasmai svayam-pialasal syad
cla-iupal svaiupa-blal
cciano vyapii-sïlas ca
cid-anandaimalas iaila
na-noi; jadal-maiciial; na-noi; vilaiï-subjcci io clangc; ca-and; jnana-
lnowlcdgc; maiia-only; aimalal-scll; na-noi; ca-and; svasmai-io limscll; svayam-
pialasal-pcisonally manilcsicd; syai-may bc; cla-iupal-onc loim; svaiupa-blal-
laving lis own oiiginal loim; ccianal-conscious; vyapii-sïlal-all-pcivading; ca-
and; cid-anandaimalal-lull ol spiiiiual lnowlcdgc; iaila-so.
"Tlc soul is noi madc ol maiici, noi is lc subjcci io ilc clangcs maiici
imposcs. His lnowlcdgc is noi limiicd io ilc pciccpiion ol ilc maiciial woild. Hc
is conscious. Hc is all-pcivading wiilin ilc maiciial body. Hc is scll-manilcsi. Hc
las lis own oiiginal spiiiiual loim, wlicl is lull ol spiiiiual lnowlcdgc and bliss.
Tcxi S
alam-aiilal piaiilsciiam
blinno 'nui niiya-niimalal
iaila jnaiiiva-laiiiiva-
bloliiiva-nija-dlaimalal
paiamaimaila-scsaiva-
svablaval saivada svaial. iii.
alam-aiilal-cgo; piaiilsciiam-cvciy licld; blinnal-dillcicni; anul-aiomic;
niiya-niimalal-always puic; iaila-so; jnaiiiva-ilc siaic ol bcing ilc lnowci;
laiiiiva-ilc siaic ol bcing ilc doci; bloliiiva-ilc siaic ol bcing ilc cnjoyci; nija-
own; dlaimalal-naiuic; paiamaimaila-scsaiva-svablaval-paii and paiiccl ol ilc
Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; saivada-always; svaial-limscll; iii-ilus.
"lc is an individual pcison, dillcicni liom oilci pcisons. Hc is aiomic in sizc.
Hc is cicinally puic. In lis oiiginal spiiiiual naiuic lc is a lnowci, a doci, and an
cnjoyci. Licinally lc is a paii and paiccl ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad."
Tcxi 9
siï-iamanuja-blasyanusaicna vyallya ccyam. iaiia dcvadiivam niiasiam cvasii
iaiiva-sandaiblc
siï-iamanuja-blasya-ilc commcniaiy ol Siï Ramanuja Acaiya; anusaicna-
accoiding io; vyallya-commcnicd; ca-also; iyam-ilis; iaiia-ilcic; dcvadiivam-
bcginnign wiil aiiaing ilc posiiion ol a dcmigod; niiasiam-icjccicd; cva-indccd;
asii-is; iaiiva-sandaiblc-in ilc Taiiva-sandaibla.
In lis commcniaiy, Siï Ramanuja Acaiya givcs ilc samc cxplanaiion. In ilis
way ilc idca ilai ilc individual soul is a dcmigod oi oilci lind ol maiciial
idcniiiy wiilin ilis maiciial woild is clcaily icjccicd. Tlis idca is also icjccicd in
ilc lollowing woids ol Siïmad-llagavaiam (11.3.39), wlicl I lavc picviously
quoicd in Siï Taiiva-sandaibla:
Tcxi 10
andcsu pcsisu iaiusv avinisciicsu
piano li jïvam upadlavaii iaiia iaiia
sannc yad indiiya-ganc 'lami ca piasupic
luiasila asayam iic iad-anusmiiii nal
andcsu-in cggs; pcsisu-in cmbiyos; iaiusv-in planis; avinisciicsu-undcicimincd;
pianal-lilc; li-indccd; jïvam-soul; upadlavaii-lollows; iaiia iaiia-wlcicvci; sannc-
mcigcd; yai-wlai; indiiya-ganc-scnscs; alami-in cgo; ca-and; piasupic-slccping;
luiasila-unclanging; asayam-covciing ol coniaminaicd consciousncss; iic-
wiiloui; iad-anusmiiil-icmcmbciing ilai; nal-ol us.
"Tlc spiiii soul is boin in many dillcicni spccics ol lilc wiilin ilc maiciial
woild. Somc spccics aic boin liom cggs, oilcis liom cmbiyos, oilcis liom ilc
sccds ol planis and iiccs, and oilcis liom pcispiiaiion. lui in all spccics ol lilc ilc
piana, oi viial aii, icmains unclanging and lollows ilc spiiii soul liom onc body
io anoilci. Similaily ilc spiiii soul is cicinally ilc samc dcspiic iis maiciial
condiiion ol lilc. Wc lavc piaciical cxpciicncc ol ilis. Wlcn wc aic absoibcd in
dccp slccp wiiloui dicaming, ilc maiciial scnscs bccomc inaciivc, and cvcn ilc
mind and lalsc cgo aic mcigcd inio a doimani condiiion. lui alilougl ilc scnscs,
mind, and lalsc cgo aic inaciivc, onc icmcmbcis upon waling ilai lc, ilc soul,
was pcacclully slccping."¯
Tcxi 11
iiy ancna dcladiivam niiasyann ala
iii-ilus; ancna-by ilis; dcladiivam-ilc nody oi oilci ilings; niiasyann-
icjcciing; ala-says.
Tlc idca ilai ilc soul is ilc maiciial body oi somc oilci maiciial iling is again
icjccicd by ilcsc woids ol Siïmad-llagavaiam (11.10.S):
Tcxi 12
vilalsanal silula-sulsmad
dclad aimclsiia sva-dil
yailagnii daiuno dalyad
dalalo 'nyal pialasalal
vilalsanal-dillcicni; silula-sulsmai-liom subilc and gioss; dclai-body; aima-
ilc soul; ïlsiia--is sccn; sva-oncscll; dil-sccing; yaila-as; agnil-liic; daiunal-
liicwood; dalyai-io bc buincd; dalalal-ilc buinci; anyal-anoilci; pialasalal-
manilcsiaiion.
"As liic is dillcicni liom liicwood, so ilc soul, ilc scci ol ilings, is dillcicni
liom ilc subilc and gioss maiciial bodics."
Tcxi 13
vilalsanaivc lciul ïlsiia iasya iasya diasia pialasas ca. svayam iu sva-dil sva-
pialasa iii. siï-blagavan.
vilalsanaivc-in dillcicncc; lciul-ilc icason; ïlsiia-ilc scci; iasya-ol ilai; iasya-
ol ilai; diasia-ilc scci; pialasal-ilc ligli; ca-also; svayam-pcisonally; iu-bui; sva-
dil-scll sccing; sva-pialasa-scll manilcsi; iii-ilus; siï-blagavan-ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad.
Tlc icason wly ilc soul is dillcicni liom ilc maiciial body is givcn in ilc woid
"ïlsiia" wlicl mcans "lc wlo sccs". Tlc woid "sva-dil" mcans "scll-manilcsi".
Tlis vcisc was spolcn by ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad.
Anuccheda 20
Tcxi 1
jadaivam niiasyann ala
jagiai-svapna-susupiam ca
gunaio viddli-viiiayal
iasam vilalsano jïval
salsiivcna vinisciial
jadaivam-maiciial siaius; niiasyann-icjcciing; ala-says; jagiai-svapna-
susupiam-waling, dicaming, and dicamlcss slccp; ca-and; gunaial-liom ilc
modcs ol naiuic; viddli-viiiayal-causcs ol incicasc; iasam-ol ilcm; vilalsanal-
dillcicni; jïval-ilc soul; salsiivcna-bccausc ol bcing a wiincss; vinisciial-
dcicimincd.
Tlc idca ilai ilc soul is maiciial is again icjccicd in ilcsc woids ol Siïmad-
llagavaiam (11.13.27):
"Tlc soul is dillcicni liom wlaicvci ilc modcs ol naiuic pciloim in waling,
dicaming, oi dicamlcss slccp, loi ilc soul is a wiincss only."
Tcxi 2
ya iu mayi iuiyc siliio jalyai iiy adau paiamcsvaic 'pi iuiyaiva-piasiddlil.
ya-wlicl; iu-indccd; mayi iuiyc siliio jalyai iiy adau-in Siïmad-llagavaiam
11.13.2S; paiamcsvaic-in ilc Supicmc Loid; api-also; iuiyaiva-iiansccndcnial
naiuic; piasiddlil-piool.
In Siïmad-llagavaiam (11.13.2S), ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad
adviscs:
"Tlc soul slould icnouncc ilc maiciial woild and lind Mc, wlo am always
siiuaicd in iiansccndcncc."
In ilis way ii is piovcd ilai ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad is always
bcyond ilc ioucl ol ilc maiciial woild.
Tcxi 3
sanyailaiva
viiai liianyagaiblas ca
laianam cciy upadlayal
ïsasya yai iiiblii lïnam
iuiïyam iai padam vidul
sa-ilai; anyaila-in anoilci way; cva-indccd; viiai-Ksïiodalasayï Visnu;
liianyagaiblal-Gaiblodalasayï Visnu; ca-and; laianam-Kaianodalasayï Visnu;
ca-and; iii-ilus; upadlayal-dcsignaiions; ïsasya-ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad; yai-wlai; iiiblil-by ilicc; lïnam-wiiloui; iuiïyam-iiansccndcncc; iai-
ilai; padam-siaic; vidul-lnow.
Tlc woid "iuiïya" lcic can also bc inicipicicd in a dillcicni way, as Siïla
Siïdlaia Svamï cxplains in ilcsc woids (Siï llavaiila-dïpila, commcniaiy on
Siïmad-llagavaiam 11.15.16):
"Tlc Loid las ilicc loims: 1. Ksïiodalasayï Visnu, 2. Gaiblodalasayï Visnu,
and Kaianodalasayï Visnu. His louiil loim is Loid Vasudcva. Tlai is wly Loid
Vasudcva is callcd iuiïya' (ilc louiil)."
Tcxi +
iiy ady-ulic vasudcvasya caiui-vyulc iuiya-lalsalianiaivad va. siï-blagavan.
iii-ilus; adi-bcginning; ulic-said; vasudcvasya-ol Loid Vasudcva; caiui-vyulc-in
ilc loui cxpansions; iuiya-lalsalianiaivai-bccausc ol bcing siiuaicd in
iiansccndcncc; va-oi; siï-blagavan-ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad.
Oi, ilc woid "iuiïya" may mcan: Among ilc loui Caiui-vyula loims ol ilc
Loid, Loid Vasudcva is ilc louiil. Tlai is wly Hc is callcd iuiïya' (ilc louiil)."
Anuccheda 21
Tcxi 1
vilaiiivam niiasyann ala
visaigadyal smasanania
blava dclasya naimanal
lalanam iva candiasya
lalcnavyalia-vaiimana
vilaiiivam-bcing subjci io clangc; niiasyann-icluiing; ala-said; visaigadyal-
bcginning wiil cicaiion; smasanania-cnding wiil cicmaiion; blava-siaics;
dclasya-ol ilc body; na-noi; aimanal-ol ilc soul; lalanam-ol dillcicni plascs; iva-
lilc; candiasya-ol ilc moon; lalcna-in iimc; avyalia-unmanilcsi; vaiimana-by ilc
pailway.
Tlai ilc soul is subjcci io clangc is icluicd by ilcsc woids ol Siïmad-
llagavaiam (11.7.+S):
"Alilougl ilc invisiblc movcmcnis ol iimc pusl ii iliougl dillcicni plascs,
ilc moon is always unclangcd. In ilis samc way, alilougl ilc body is puslcd
iliougl many clangcs, wlicl bcgin wiil biiil and cnd wiil dcail and cicmaiion,
ilc soul is always unclangcd."
Tcxi 2
candiasya jalamaya-mandalaivai lalanam suiya-piaiicclavi-iupa-jyoiii-
aimalaivad yaila lalanam cva janmadya nasania blaval. na iu candiasya. iaila
dclasyaiva ic blava avyalia-vaiimana lalcna blavanii. na iv aimana iiy aiilal.
siï-daiiaiicyo yadum.
candiasya-ol ilc moon; jalamaya-mandalaivai-bcicausc ol bcing a ciiclc madc
ol waici; lalanam-ol ilc plascs; suiya-liom ilc sun; piaiicclavi-icllccicd; iupa-
jyoiil-ligli; aimalaivai-bccausc ol; yaila-as; lalanam-ol ilc plascs; cva-indccd;
janmadya-bcginning wiil biiil; nasania-cnding wiil dcail; blaval-siaics opl
bcing; na-noi; iu-bui; candiasya-ol ilc moon; iaila-so; dclasya-ol ilc body; cva-
indccd; ic-ilosc; blava-siaics; avyalia-unmanilcsi; vaiimana-by ilc pail; lalcna-
by iimc; blavanii-aic; na-noi; iv-bui; aimana-ol ilc soul; iii-ilus; aiilal-ilc
mcaning; siï-daiiaiicyal-Siï Daiiaiicya; yadum-io King Yadu.
lccausc ilc moon is composcd ol waici, and bccausc ii slincs wiil ligli
icllccicd liom ilc sun, ilc moon iiscll is noi clangcd wlcn ii gocs iliougl
dillcicni plascs. In ilc samc way ilc soul is noi clangcd wlcn iimc loiccs ilc
maiciial body io go iliougl ilc clangcs ilai bcgin wiil biiil and cnd wiil dcail.
Tlis vcisc was spolcn by Siï Daiiaiicya io King Yadu.
Anuccheda 22
Tcxi 1
jnana-maiiaimalo na ca iii. lim iaili jnana-maiiaivc 'pi jnana-saliiivam
pialasasya pialasana-saliiivavai iadisaivam api.
jnana-maiiaimalal-only lnowlcdgc; na-noi; ca-also; iii-ilus; lim-wlcilci';
iaili-ilcn; jnana-maiiaivc-in ilc siaic ol bcing only lnowlcdgc; api-also; jnana-
saliiivam-ilc siaic ol bcing ilc lnowlcdgc poicncy; pialasasya-ol ligli;
pialasana-manilcsiaiion;-saliiivavai-bccausc ol bcing ilc poicncy; iadisaivam-ilc
siaic ol bcing lilc ilai; api-also.
Tlc pliasc "jnana-maiiaimalo na ca" in ilc vcisc liom Jamaia Muni's
icaclings (quoicd in ilis bool in anucclcda 19, icxi 7) mcans ilai ilc individual
soul is noi only ilc poicncy ol iiansccndcnial lnowlcdgc, bui il soul is also ilc
poicncy ol iiansccndcnial gloiy. Tlc soul is dcsciibcd in ilc lollowing woids ol
Siïmad-llagavaiam (11.3.3S):
Tcxi 2
naima jajana na maiisyaii naidlaic 'sau
na lsïyaic savana-vid-vyablicaiinam li
saivaiia sasvad-anapayy-upalabdli-maiiam
piano yailcndiiya-balcna vilalpiiam sai
na-noi; aima-ilc soul; jajana-is boin; na-noi; maiisyaii-will dic; na-noi; cdlaic-
giows; asau-lc; na-noi; lsïyaic-diminislcs; savana-vii-ilc lnowci ol ilc ilc
plascs ol iimc; vyablicaiinam-in clanging ilings; li-indccd; saivaiia-cvciywlcic;
sasvai-always; anapayi-ilc companion; upalabdli-lnowlcdgc; maiiam-only;
pianal-lilc loicc; yaila-as; indiiya-ol ilc scnscs; balcna-by ilc powci; vilalpiiam-
imagincd; sai-wlai.
"Tlc soul was ncvci boin. Ii will ncvci dic. Ii ncvci giows. Ii ncvci dccays. Tlc
soul is ilc wiincss, obsciving ilc clangcs iimc loiccs on clangcablc ilings. Tlc
soul is consciousncss, cxisiing always and in cvciy siiuaiion. As, inllucnccd by ilc
scnscs, onc misialcnly ilinls ilc lilc loicc clangcs, so ilc soul, bcwildcicd aboui
lis own naiuic, ilinls ilai lc also clangcs."
Tcxi 3
iiy ancna iaiiva-sandaibla cva daisiiam. aiia upalabdli-maiiaivc 'pi
savanaviiivcnolicl spasiam cva iadisa-jnana-saliiivam.
iii-ilus; ancna-by ilis; iaiiva-sandaibla-in ilc Taiiva-sandaibla; cva-indccd;
daisiiam-icvcalcd; aiia-lcic; upalabdli-maiiaivc-only consciousncss; api-cvcn;
savana-ol iimc; viiivcna-as ilc lnowci; uliclliom ilc siaicmcni; spasiam-clcai;
cva-indccd; iadisa-lilc ilis; jnana-ol lnowlcdgc; saliiivam-ilc siaic ol bcing ilc
poicncy.
Tlis is also slown in ilc cxplanaiions ol Siï Taiiva-sandaibla. Hcic ilc woids
"upalabdli-maiiam" and savana-vii" clcaily slow ilai ilc individual soul is ilc
poicncy ol iiansccndcnial lnowlcdgc.
Tcxi +
aia cva suddlo vicasic ly avisuddla-laiiul iiy uliam.
aia cva-ilcicloic; suddlo vicasic ly avisuddla-laiiul iiy uliam-Siïmad-
llagavaiam 5.11.12.
In Siïmad-llagavaiam (5.11.12) ilc souls is also dcsciibcd in ilcsc woids:
"A pcison wlo is libciaicd in ilis lilc (jïvan-mulia) can scc all ilcsc ilings
vividly."¯
Tcxi 5
pialaianiaicnapi iad ala
gunaii viciiial sijaiïm
saiupal pialiiim piajal
vilolya mumulc sadyal
sa ila jnana-gulaya
pialaianiaicna-wiil a dillcicni lind; api-also; iai-ilai; ala-says; gunail-by ilc
ilicclold modcs; viciiial-vaiicgaicd; sijaiïm-cicaiing; saiupal-wiil loims;
pialiiim-maiciial naiuic; piajal-living cniiiics; vilolya-laving sccn; mumulc-was
illusioncd; sadyal-ai oncc; sa-ilc living cniiiy; ila-in ilis woild; jnana-gulaya-by
ilc lnowlcdgc-covciing lcaiuic.
Dillcicni liom ilc libciaicd soul is ilc condiiioncd soul. Tlc condiiioncd soul
is dcsciibcd in ilcsc woids ol Siïmad-llagavaiam (3.26.5):
"Dividcd inio vaiiciics by lci ilicclold modcs, maiciial naiuic cicaics ilc
loims ol ilc living cniiiics, and ilc living cniiiics, sccing ilis, aic illusioncd by ilc
lnowlcdgc-covciing lcaiuic ol ilc illusoiy cncigy."¯
Tcxi 6
aiia vilolya iiy ancna. mumulc iiy ancna. jnana-gulaya iiy ancna ca paiag-
bluiayal pialiics iai-liiad ajnanac ca piaiyag bluiam yaj jnanam iai iasya
svaiupa-saliii cva syad iii gamyaic.
aiia-lcic; vilolya iiy ancna-by ilc woid "vilolya"; mumulc iiy ancna-by ilc
woid "mumulc". jnana-gulaya iiy ancna-by ilc woid "jnana-gulaya"; ca-also;
paiag-bluiayal-ilc unlavoiablc poicncics; pialiicl-ol maiici; iai-liiai-donc by
ilai; ajnana-liom ignoiancc; ca-also; piaiyal-bluiam-lavoiablc; yaj-wlai; jnanam-
lnowlcdgc; iai-ilai; iasya-ol ilai; svaiupa-own loim; saliil-poicncy; cva-indccd;
syai-may bc; iii-ilus; gamyaic-is aiiaincd.
Hcic ilc woids "vilolya", "mumulc", and jnana-gulaya" poini io ilc aciions
ol ilc inauspicious maiciial poicncy. Dillcicni liom ilai maiciial poicncy is ilc
Loid's inicinal spiiiiual poicncy, wlicl biings iiansccndcnial lnowlcdgc.
Tcxi 7
siï-gïiopanisadas ca iaila ajnancnaviiam jnanam icna mulyanii janiaval iii.
siï-gïiopanisadal-in Siï llagavad-giia; ca-also; iaila ajnancnaviiam jnanam
icna mulyanii janiaval iii-vcisc 15.15.
Tlc inauspicious maiciial poicncy is also dcsciibcd in ilcsc woids ol llagavad-
gïia (5.15):
"Lmbodicd bcings aic bcwildcicd, lowcvci, bccausc ol ilc ignoiancc ilai
covcis ilcii iiuc lnowlcdgc."¯
Tcxi S
siï-lapiladcval.
siï-lapiladcval-Siï Kapiladcva.
Tlc vcisc quoicd in ilc bcginning ol ilis anucclcda was spolcn by Loid
Kapiladcva.
Anuccheda 23
Tcxi 1
saliy-aniaiam calul
sa yad ajaya iv ajam anusayïia gunams ca jusan
blajaii saiupaiam iad anu miiyum apcia-blagal iii.
saliy-aniaiam-anoilci poicncy; ca-and; alul-said; sa-ilai; yai-wlicl; ajaya-
unbion; iv-indccd; ajam-unbion; anusayïia-lics down; gunamsmodcs; ca-and;
jusan-cngaging; blajaii-woislips; saiupaiam-laving ilai naiuic; iai-ilai; anu-
lollowing; miiyum-dcail; apcia-blagal-wlosc viiiucs aic siolcn; iii-ilus.
Tlc maiciial poicncy is also dcsciibcd in ilcsc woids ol Siïmad-llagavaiam
(10.S7.3S):
"Tlc illusoiy maiciial naiuic aiiiacis ilc minuic living cniiiy io cmbiacc lci,
and as a icsuli lc assumcs loims composcd ol lci qualiiics. Subscqucnily, lc loscs
all ol lis spiiiiual qualiiics and musi undcigo icpcaicd dcails."¯¯¯
Tcxi 2
iïla ca sa iu jïvo yad yasmad ajaya mayaya ajam avidyam anusayïia alingci. iaio
gunams ca dclcndiiyadïn jusan scvamana aimaiaya adlyasyan iad anu iad-
ananiaiam saiupaiam iad-dlaima-yogam ca jusann apcia-blagal piliianandadi-
gunal san miiyum samsaiam blajaii piapnoii iiy csa.
iïla-commcnyaiy; ca-and; sa-ilis; iu-indccd; jïval-soul; yai-wlai; yasmai-liom
wlicl; ajaya-by ilc unboin; mayaya-maya; ajam-io ilc unboin; avidyam-
ignoiancc; anusayïia-anusayiia; alingci-cmbiaccs; iaial-liom ilai; gunams-modcs;
ca-and; dclcndiiyadïn-bcginning wiil ilc body and scnscs; jusan-cngaging;
scvamana-cngaging; aimaiaya-as ilc scll; adlyasyan-aiiaining; iai-ilai; anu-
lollowing; iad-ananiaiam-alici ilai; saiupaiam-wiil a loim; iad-dlaima-yogam-
conncciing io ilai naiuic; ca-and; jusann-cngaging; apcia-blagal-apcai-blagal;
piliia-covcicd; ananda-bliss; adi-bcginning; gunal-qualiiics; san-bcing so;
miiyum-dcail; samsaiam-ilc maiciial woild; blajaii-aiiains; piapnoii-aiiains; iii-
ilus; csa-ilc mcaning.
Siïla Siïdlaia Svamï commcnis:
"Hcic ilc woids sa iu' mcan ilc individual spiiii soul', ajaya' mcans by ilc
unboin maya poicncy', ajam' mcans unboin maiciial ignoiancc', and anusayïia'
mcans cmbiaccs'. Gunan' mcans ilc maiciial body and scnscs', jusan' mcans
aciing as il ilcy wcic ilc scll', iad anu' mcans alici ilai', saiuaiam' mcans wiil
a naiuic lilc ilai', jusann apcia-blagal' mcans lis bliss and oilci spiiiiual
qualiiics aic covcicd ovci', miiyum' mcans ilc maiciial woild ol icpcaicd biiil
and dcail', and blajaii' mcans lc aiiains'."
Tcxi 3
siuiayal.
siuiayal-ilc Pcisonilicd Vcdas.
Tlis vcisc was spolcn by ilc Pcisonilicd Vcdas.
Anuclcda 2+
Tcxi 1
iaila
iai-sanga-bliamsiiaisvaiyam
samsaianiam lublaiyavai
iad agaiii abudlasycla
lim asai laimablii blavci
iaila-so; iai-sanga-by associaiion wiil ilc piosiiiuic ol iniclligcncc; bliamsiia-
ialcn away; aisvaiyam-ilc opulcncc ol indcpcndcncc; samsaianiam-undcigoing
ilc maiciial way ol lilc; lublaiyavai-cxacily lilc a pcison wlo las a polluicd wilc;
iad-agaiil-ilc movcmcnis ol ilc polluicd iniclligcncc; abudlasya-ol onc wlo docs
noi lnow; ila-in ilis woild; lim asai laimablii blavci-wlai can bc ilc bcnclii ol
pciloiming icmpoiaiy liuiiivc aciiviiics'
Tlc inauspicious lilc ol ilc condiiioncd soul is again dcsciibcd in ilcsc woids
ol Siïmad-llagavaiam (6.5.15):
"Il onc bccomcs ilc lusband ol a piosiiiuic, lc loscs all indcpcndcncc.
Similaily, il a living cniiiy las polluicd iniclligcncc, lc piolongs lis maiciialisiic
lilc. Iiusiiaicd by maiciial naiuic, lc musi lollow ilc movcmcnis ol ilc
iniclligcncc, wlicl biings vaiious condiiions ol lappincss and disiicss. Il onc
pciloims liuiiivc aciiviiics undci sucl condiiions, wlai will bc ilc bcnclii'"¯
Tcxi 2
iasyal pumscalï-iupaya mayayal sangcna bliamsiiam aisvaiyam lincii svïya-
jnanadi-samaiilyam yasya iam. iasya gaiil. samsaianiam gacclaniam jïvam sva-
svaiupam abudlasyajanaia iiy uiiaicnanvayal. laiyasval.
iasyal-ol ilis; pumscalï-iupaya-in ilc loim ol a piosiiiuic; mayayal-maya;
sangcna-by ilc associaiion; bliamsiiam-dcsiioycd; aisvaiyam-opulcncc; lincii-
somciling; svïya-own; jnana-lnowlcdgc; adi-bcginning wiil; samaiilyam-abiliiy;
yasya-ol wlom; iam-lim; iasya-ol lim; gaiil-ilc movcmcni; samsaianiam-
iiavcling; gacclaniam-going; jïvam-ilc soul; sva-svaiupam-own loim; abudlasya-
abudlasya; ajanaial-noi lnowing; iii-ilus; uiiaicna-by ilc lasi; anvayal-ilc
scqucncc; laiyasval-ilc Haiyasvas.
Tlis vcisc cxplains low, by associaiing wiil ilc piosiiiuic namcd Maya
(maiciial illusion) onc loscs lis spiiiiual lnowlcdgc and oilci spiiiiual opulcnccs
(aisvaiyam). Sucl a soul wandcis (samsaianiam) wiiloui any good dcsiinaiion
(agaiïl). Tlai soul is vciy loolisl (abudlasya).
Anuccheda 25
Tcxi 1
iaila ïsvaiasya vimuliasya laipanyam uia bandlanam iii.
iaila-so; ïsvaiasya vimuliasya laipanyam uia bandlanam iii-Siïmad-
llagavaiam 3.7.9.
Siïmad-llagavaiam (3.7.9) also dcclaics:
"Cciiain condiiioncd souls pui loiwaid ilc ilcoiy ilai ilc Supicmc lialman,
oi ilc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad, is ovcicomc by illusion, oi maya, and ai ilc samc
iimc ilcy mainiain ilai Hc is uncondiioncd. Tlis is againsi all logic."¯
Tcxi 2
ïsvaiasya lincij jnanadi-saliimaial. siï-maiiicyal.
ïsvaiasya-isvaiasya; lincii-somciling; jnanadi-bcginning wiil iiansccndcnial
lnowlcdgc; salii-ilc poicncics; maial-posscssing; siï-maiiicyal-Siï Maiiicya.
Hcic ilc woid "ïsvaiasya" mcans "ol Hc wlo is ilc masici ol ilc lnowlcdgc
poicncy and oilci iiansccndcnial poicncics also". Tlis vcisc was spolcn by Siï
Maiiicya.
Anuccheda 26
Tcxi 1
iaila
vipialabdlo malisyaivam
saiva-pialiii-vanciial
nccclann anulaioiy ajnal
llaibyai liïda-migo yaila
iaila-so; vipialabdlal-capiivaicd; malisya-by icl quccn; cvam-ilus; saiva-all;
pialiii-cxisicncc; vanciial-bcing clcaicd; na icclann-wiiloui dcsiiing; anulaioii-
uscd io imiiaic; ajnal-ilc loolisl ling; llaibyai-by loicc; liïda-migal-a pci
animal; yaila-jusi lilc.
Tlc inauspicious lilc ol ilc condiiioncd soul is also dcsciibcd in ilcsc woids ol
Siïmad-llagavaiam (+.25.62):
"In ilis way, King Puianjana was capiivaicd by lis nicc wilc and was ilus
clcaicd. Indccd, lc bccamc clcaicd in lis wlolc cxisicncc in ilc maiciial woild.
Lvcn againsi ilai pooi loolisl ling's dcsiic, lc icmaincd undci ilc coniiol ol lis
wilc, jusi lilc a pci animal ilai danccs accoiding io ilc oidci ol iis masici."¯
Tcxi 2
malisya puianjanya vipialabdlal puianjanal saivaya pialiiya jnanadi-iupaya
vanciias iyajiial san nccclan iad-icclayaivciy aiilal. anulaioii iad dlaimam
aimany adlyasycii.
malisya-malisya; puianjanya-by ilc wolc ol King puianjana; vipialabdlal-
clcaicd; puianjanal-Puianjana; saivaya-all; pialiiya-by naiuic; jnanadi-iupaya-
bcginning wiil lnowlcdgc; vanciial-clcaicd; iyajiial-abandoncd; san-bcing so;
na-noi; icclan-dcsiiing; iad-icclaya-wiiloui dcsiic; cva-indccd; iii-ilus; aiilal-
ilc mcaning; anulaioii-lollows; iai-ilai; dlaimam-naiuic; aimani-in ilc lcaii;
adlyasya-piaciicing; iii-ilus.
Hcic ilc woid "malisya" mcans "by King Puianjana's quccn", "vipialabdlal"
mcans Puianjana was clcaicd ol lis lnowlcdgc and all oilci opulcnccs", and
"nccclan" mcans "wiiloui dcsiiing". Tlai is ilc mcaning. "Anulaioii" mcans "in
lis lcaii lc imiiaicd ilai naiuic".
Tcxi 3
iaiia jïvasya saliimaiiayam paiablidlyanai iu iiioliiam iaio ly asya bandla-
vipaiyayau iiy ciai suiiam apy anusandlcyam.
iaiia-ilcic; jïvasya-ol ilc individual soul; saliimaiiayam-in ilc siaic ol bcing
ilc pasici ol poicncics; paia-ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; ablidlyanai-by
ilcw will; iu-bui; iiioliiam-wiildiawn; iaial-iylcn; li-indccd; asya-ol lim;
bandla-vipaiyayau-bondagc and iis opposiic; iii-ilus; ciai-ilis; suiiam-suiia; api-
also; anusandlcyam-may bc considcicd.
Tlc iclaiionslip bciwccn ilc individual soul and ilc Supicmc Loid, wlo is ilc
masici ol all poicncics, is dcsciibcd in ilcsc woids ol Vcdania-suiia (3.2.5):
"ly ilc will ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad, ilc illusoiy poicncy maya
is wiildiawn. Indccd, bondagc and libciaiion boil comc liom ilc Supicmc Loid."
Tcxi +
siï-naiadal siï-piacïnabailisam.
siï-naiadal-Siï Naiada; siï-piacïnabailisam-io Siï Piacinabaili.
Tlc vcisc quoicd in ilc bcginning ol ilis anucclcda was spolcn by Siï Naiada
io Siï Piacïnabailï.
Anuccheda 27
Tcxi 1
puivoliam cvaiilam vyanjayiium svasmai svayam-pialasa iiy uliam. iaila-
bluiaivam ca vilalsanal iiy ady-ulia-padya cva sva-dil iiy ancna vyaliam asii.
puiva-picviously; uliam-said; cva-indccd; aiilam-mcaning; vyanjayiium-io
manilcsi; svasmai-io Himscll; svayam-pcisonally;-pialasa-manilcsi; iii-ilus;
uliam-ilc mcaning; iaila-bluiaivam-ilc siaic ol bcing lilc ilai; ca-and;
vilalsanal-disiinguislcd; iii-ilus; adi-bcginning; ulia-spolcn; padyc-in ilc vcisc;
cva-cciiainly; sva-dil-sva-dil; iii-ilus; ancna-by ilis; vyaliam-manilcsicd; asii-is.
Tlc individual soul is scll manilcsi. Tlis is conliimcd by usc ol ilc woids
"svayam-pialasa" and "sva-dil" in Siïmad-llagavaiam 11.10.S (quoicd lcic in
anucclcda 19, icxi 12).
Tcxi 2
iaiia pialasas iavad guna-diavya-blcdcna dvi-vidlal. piailamc nijasiayasya
spluiii-iupal. dviiïyal sva-paia-spluiii-nidanam vasiu-viscsal.
iaiia-ilcic; pialasal-manilcsi; iavai-ilcn; guna-diavya-blcdcna-wiil ilc
dillcicncc ol ilc ilicc maiciial mdocs; dvi-vidlal-iwo linds; piailamc-in ilc
liisi; nija-own; asiayasya-ol ilc slclici; spluiii-manilcsiaiion; iupal-loim;
dviiïyal-ilc sccond; sva-own; paia-oilci; spluiii-maniclsiaiion; nidanam-causc;
vasiu-iling; viscsal-spccilic.
Manilcsiaiion is ol iwo linds. 1. scll-manilcsiaiion, wlcic onc is ilc scci and 2.
manilcsiaiion wlcic onc is ilc objcci ilai is sccn.
Tcxi 3
iaiiaimano diavyaivad ayam cva gilyaic. yaila dïpas calsul pialasayan sva-
paia-spluiiim svayam cva laioii. na iu glaiadi-pialasa-vai iad-adi-sapclsal.
iasmad ayam svayam-pialasal. iailapi svam piaii na pialasaic. yaia cva jada iiy
ucyaic. aima iu svam paiam ca pialasayan svaimanam piaii pialasamanaivai
svasmai svayam-pialasal. yaia cva cid-iupa ucyaic.
iaiia-ilcic; aimanal-ol ilc scll; diavyaivai-bccausc ol bcing a iling; ayam-ilis;
cva-indccd; gilyaic-is acccpicd; yaila-as; dïpal-lamp; calsul-cycs; pialasayan-
manilcsiing; sva-paia-spluiiim-manilcsicd by anoilci; svayam-pcisonally; cva-
indccd; laioii-docs; na-noi; iu-bui; glaiadi-bcginning wiil a poi; pialasa-
manilcsiaiion; vai-lilc; iai-ilai; adi-bcginning; sapclsal-in iclaiionslip; iasmai-
liom ilai; ayam-ilis; svayam-pialasal-scll-manilcsicd; iailapi-ncvciilclcss; svam-
oncscll; piaii-io; na-noi; pialasaic-is manilcsicd; yaia-liom wlicl; cva-indccd;
jada-maiici; iii-ilus; ucyaic-is said; aima-scll; iu-bui; svam-own; paiam-anoilci;
ca-anoilci; pialasayan-manilcsiing; svaimanam-own scll; piaii-io;
pialasamanaivai-bccausc ol manilcsiing; svasmai-io limscll; svayam-pialasal-
scll-manilcsi; yaia-bccausc; cva-indccd; cid-iupa-ilc spiiiiual loim; ucyaic-is said.
Tlc spiiii soul slould bc undcisiood in ilis way: Tlc spiiii soul las ilc powci
io ligli ilc lamp ol ilc cycs and scc vaiious objccis. A clay poi oi oilci inanimaic
objcci las no sucl powci. In ilis way ilc soul is "scll-manilcsi" (svayam-pialasa),
wlicl mcans ii las ilc powci io manilcsi ilings bcloic limscll, oi in oilci woids
io pciccivc scnsc objccis. Wlaicvci docs noi lavc ilai powci ol pciccpiion is
callcd "inanimaic maiici". lccausc ii ilus las ilc powci io pciccivc iiscll and
oilcis, ilc soul is callcd "scll-manilcsi". Tlai is wly ilc soul is said io bc spiiiiual
in naiuic.
Tcxi +
iad uliam anyaii api svayam-pialasaivam sva-vyavalaic paianapclsaivam.
avcdyaivc saiy apaiolsa-vyavalaia-yogyaivam vcii.
iai-ilai; uliam-said; anyail-by oilcis; api-cvcn; svayam-pialasaivam-ilc siaic
ol bcing slcl-manilcsi; sva-vyavalaic-in onc's own aciions; paia-oilcis;
anapclsaivam-ilc siaic ol bcing wiiloui iclcicncc io; avcdyaivc-in bcing unablc io
lnow; saii-bcing so; apaiolsa-visiblc io ilc scnscs; vyavalaia-ol aciiviiics;
yogyaivam-suiiablcncss; va-oi; iii-ilus.
Oilci ilinlcis say ilai "scll-manilcsi" mcans ilc soul is indcpcndcni in iis
aciions", and siill oilci ilinlcis say ilai "scll-manilcsi " mcans "wlcn somciling
is noi undcisiood, ilc soul can aci io iiy io undcisiand ii".
Tcxi 5
iaiia puivaiia paianapclsyaiva-svaiupa-lalsanc dïpa-sadlaimya-jadaiva-
vaianaya svasmai-padam apclsyam. paiaiva-lalsanc dïpadci vcdyaiva-iupa-
vailalsanyam. uiiaiaiia iu spasiaiilam. aial svadil svasmai svayam-pialasa iiy
aiilal.
iaiia-ilcic; puivaiia-picviously; paia-oilci; anapclsyaiva-wiiloui iclaiion;
svaiupa-lalsanc-naiuic; dïpa-lamp; sadlaimya-samcncss; jadaiva-maiciial siaius;
vaianaya-loi icjcciing; svasmai-padam-ilc woid svasmai; apclsyam-in iclaiion io;
paiaiva-ilc siaic ol bcing anoilci; lalsanc-in ilc naiuic; dïpa-lamp; adcl-
bcginning wiil; vcdyaiva-io bc lnown; iupa-ol ilc loim; vailalsanyam-dillcicncc;
uiiaiaiia-in a laici placc; iu-bui; spasia-clcai; aiilam-mcaning; aial-liom ilai;
svadil-svadil; svasmai-io oncscll; svayam-pialasa-pcisonally manilcsi; iii-ilus;
aiilal-ilc mcaning.
In ilc liisi ol ilcsc iwo idcas ilc idca ol ilc soul's indcpcndcncc icluics ilc
idca ilai ilc soul is maiciial, lilc a maiciial lamp. Tlis idca also alliims ilai ilc
woid svayam" in "svayam-pialasa" mcans "io oncscll". lccausc ilc soul is ilus
dillcicni liom a maiciial lamp, ii is clcai ilai ilc woid "svayam" lcic mcans io
oncscll". Tlc sccond ol ilcsc iwo idcas is clcai in iis mcaning. In ilis way ii is
clcai ilai ilc woid "svayam-pialasa", mcaning "manilcsi io oncscll" lcic las ilc
samc mcaning as ilc woid "sva-dil".
Tcxi 6
na casau paiamaima-pialasyaivc glaia-vai paia-pialasyal. paiamaimanas iai-
paiama-svaiupaivcna paia-pialasyaivablavai. cvam cvala dvablyam
na-noi; ca-also; asau-lc; paiamaima-ol ilc Supcisoul; pialasyaivc-in ilc siaic
ol bcing ablc io bc manilcsicd; glaia-vai-lilc a clay poi; paia-pialasyal-visiblc io
oilcis; paiamaimanal-ol ilc Supcisoul; iai-paiama-svaiupaivcna-bccausc ol bcing
ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; paia-pialasyaiva-io bc manilcsicd by oilcis;
ablavai-bccausc ol ilc non-cxisicncc; cvam-ilus; cva-indccd; ala-said; dvablyam-
wiil iwo vciscs.
Tlc Supcisoul is noi manilcsicd by a souicc ouisidc Himscll, as clay pois oi
oilci maiciial objccis aic. lccausc Hc is ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad, ilc
Supcisoul is noi dcpcndcni on oilcis loi His bcing manilcsicd. Tlc Loid Himscll
cxplains ilis in ilc lollowing woids ol Siïmad-llagavaiam (11.22.30-31):
Tcxi 7
mamanga maya guna-mayy ancladla
vilalpa-buddlis ca gunaii vidlaiic
vailaiilas iii-vidlo 'dlyaimam clam
ailadlibluiam adlidaivam anyai
mama-ol Mc; anga-O dcai onc; maya-maya; guna-mayi-consisiing ol ilc modcs
ol maiciial naiuic; ancladla-many; vilalpa-buddlil-pciccpiions; ca-also; gunail-
by ilc modcs; vidlaiic-placcd; vailaiilal-iiansloiimaiions; iii-vidlal-ilicc linds;
adlyaimam-adlyaima; clam-onc; aila-ilcn; adlibluiam-adlibluia; adlidaivam-
adlidaiva; anyai-anoilci.
"My dcai Uddlava, My maiciial cncigy, compiising ilicc modcs and aciing
iliougl ilcm, manilcsis ilc vaiiciics ol cicaiion along wiil vaiiciics ol
consciousncss loi pcicciving ilcm. Tlc manilcsi icsuli ol maiciial iiansloimaiion
is undcisiood in ilicc aspccis: adlyaimila, adlidaivila, and adliblauiila.¯¯¯
Tcxi S
dig-iupam ailam vapui aiia iandlic
paiaspaiam sidlyaii yal svaial llc
aima yad csam apaio ya adyal
svayanubluiyallila-siddla-siddlil
dig-iupam-ilc loim ol ilc cycs; ailam-ilc sun; vapul-loim; aiia-lcic;
iandlic-opcning; paiaspaiam-muiual; sidlyaii-is csiablislcd; yal-wlo; svaial-
pcisonally; llc-in ilc sly; aima-soul; yai-wlicl; csam-ol ilcm; apaial-anoilci;
ya-wlo; adyal-bcginning; svaya-pcisonally; anubluiya-pcicciving; allila-all;
siddlamanilcsi; siddlil-souicc.
"Sigli, visiblc loim, and ilc icllccicd imagc ol ilc sun wiilin ilc apciiuic ol
ilc cyc all woil iogcilci io icvcal onc anoilci. lui ilc oiiginal sun sianding in
ilc sly is scll-manilcsicd. Similaily, ilc Supicmc Soul, ilc oiiginal causc ol all
cniiiics, wlo is ilus scpaiaic liom all ol ilcm, acis by ilc illuminaiion ol His own
iiansccndcnial cxpciicncc as ilc uliimaic souicc ol manilcsiaiion ol all muiually
manilcsiing objccis."¯¯¯
Tcxi 9
vilalpam blcdam iad-buddlïs ca. ancladlaivam piapancayaii vailaiila iii.
ancla-vilaiavan apy asau silula-disiya iavai iii-vidlal. iiaividlyam ala
adlyaimam iiy adina. iani liamcnala dig-adi-iiaycna.
vilalpam-manilcsiaiion; blcdam-dillcicncc; iad-buddlïl-ilc conccpiion ol
ilai; ca-and; ancladlaivam-pluialiiy; piapancayaii-cicics; vailaiila-
iiansloimaiions; iii-ilus; ancla-vilaiavan-many iiansloimaiions; api-also; asau-
ilis; silula-gioss; disiya-by vision; iavai-ilcn; iii-vidlal-ilicc linds; iiaividlyam-
ilicc linds; ala-said; adlyaimam-adlyaima; iii-ilus; adina-bcginning; iani-ilcm;
liamcna-wiil ilc scqucncc; ala-said; dig-adi-iiaycna-by ilc ilicc bcginning wciil
ilc woid dil.
Tlis vcisc dcsciibcs vilalpa (manilcsiaiion), blcda (dillcicncc), and iad-
buddlil (ilc conccpiions ol ilings). In ilis way many dillcicni manilcsiaiions aic
cicaicd. Tlis is dcsciibcd wiil ilc woid "vailaiila". Tlc woid iii-vidlal"
indicaics ilai ilicc linds ol iiansloimaiions aic picscni bcloic ilc gioss maiciial
vision. Tlcsc ilicc linds ol manilcsiaiions aic dcsciibcd in ilc passagc bcginning
wiil ilc woid "adlyaimam" (Siïmad-llagavaiam 11.22.30, quoicd lcic in icxi 7).
Tlcy aic dcsciibcd, onc alici ilc oilci, in ilc ilicc vciscs Siïmad-llagavaiam
11.22.31-3.
Tcxi 10
vapui amsal. aiia iandlic dig-gololc piavisiam iai iiayam ca paiaspaiam cva
sidlyaii. na iu svaial. yas iu llc alasc ailo vaiiaic. sa punal svaial sidlayii.
calsui-visayaivc 'pi sva-viiodlinal piaiiyogy-apclsablava-maiicna svaia iiy
uliam.
vapul-vapul; amsal-paii; aiia-lcic; iandlic-iandlia; dig-gololc-cyc;
piavisiam-cnicicd; iai-ilai; iiayam-illicc; ca-and; paiaspaiam-muiual; cva-
indccd; sidlyaii-is piovcd; na-noi; iu-bui; svaial-pcisonally; yal-wlai; iu-indccd;
llc-in ilc sly; alasc-sly; ailal-sun; vaiiaic-is; sa-ilai; punal-again; svaial-
pcisonally; sidlayii-is csiablislcd; calsui-visayaivc-in ilc cyc's splcic ol
pciccpiion; api-cvcn; sva-viiodlinal-scll coniiadiciing; piaiiyogi-opposing;
apclsa-iclaiion; ablava-abscncc; maiicna-only; svaia-svaial; iii-ilus; uliam-said.
Hcic ilc woid "vapul" mcans "paii", aiia iandlic" mcans "on ilc cycballs",
Tlc ilicc manilcsiaiions ilus woil iogcilci (paiaspaiam) io icvcal cacl oilci
(sidlyaii) on ilc cycs. Tlcicloic, ilcy aic muiually dcpcndcni. Tlcy aic noi scll-
manilcsicd and indcpcndcni. Howcvci, ilc sun (ailal) in ilc sly (llc) is scll-
manilcsicd (svaial sidlyaii). Lvcn in ilc cyc's splcic ol pciccpiion ilc sun docs
noi nccd any oilci iling in oidci io bc manilcsicd. Tlcicloic ii is scll-manilcsicd
(svaial).
Tcxi 11
cvam yaila mandalaimailal svaial sidlayii. iailaimapïiy ala yad yaial
puivolia-disiania-lcioi aima csam adlyaimadïnam yo 'paia adyas icsam asiayal.
so 'pi svaial sidlyaii. liniu svayanubluiycii cid-iupaivad viscsal. na lcvalam
ciavad api iv allilanam paiaspaia-pialasa-siddlanam siddlii yasmai iaila-bluial
sann iii. siï-blagavan.
cvam-ilus; yaila-as; mandala-ciiclc; aima-scll; ailal-sun; svaial-pcisonally;
sidlayii-manilcsicd; iaila-so; aima-ilc Supcisoul; api-also; iii-ilus; ala-said; yai-
wlai; yaial-liom wlicl; puiva-picviously; ulia-said; disiania-cxamplc; lciol-
causc; aima-Supcisopul; csam-ol ilcm; adlyaimadïnam-bcginning wiil adlyaima;
yal-wlo; apaia-anoilci; adyal-liisi; icsam-ol ilcm; asiayal-ilc slclici; sal-Hc;
api-indccd; svaial-pcisonally; sidlyaii-is manilcsicd; liniu-lowcvci;
svayanubluiya-by bcing scll manilcsicd; iii-ilus; cid-iupaivai-bccausc ol bcing
spiciiual in naiuic; viscsal-spccilic; na-noi; lcvalam-alonc; ciavai-in ilai way; api-
also; iv-indccd; allilanam-ol all; paiaspaia-pialasa-siddlanam-muiually
manilcsicd; siddlil-manilcsiaiion; yasmai-liom wlicl; iaila-bluial-in ilai way;
sann-bcing so; iii-ilus; siï-blagavan-ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad.
Tlis vcisc cxplains: "As ilc sun is scll-manilcsicd, so ilc Supcisoul is scll-
manilcsicd also." Hcic ilc woid yai" mcans "bccausc ol ilc picviously siaicd
cxamplc". "csam" mcans "ol ilc ilicc ilings ilai bcgin wiil adlyaima", and "yo
'paia adyal" mcans "ilc slclici ol ilcm". In ilis way ilc Supcisoul is scll-
manilcsicd. Tlc Loid ilus acis by His own iiansccndcnial cxpciicncc
(svayanubluiya) bccausc Hc is pcilccily spiiiiual in naiuic. Hc is noi only ilc
causc ol His own manilcsiaiion, bui Hc is also ilc causc ol ilc manilcsiaiion ol ilc
many muiually-dcpcndcni bcings. Tlai is His naiuic. Tlc vcisc quoicd in ilis
anucclcda wcic spolcn by ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad.
Anuccheda 28
Tcxi 1
yasmai svaiupa-bluiayaiva saliya iaila pialasaic. iasmad cla-iupa-svaiupa-
blalivam api dïpavad cva. naima jajana iiy adau upalabdli-maiiam iiy
ancnaivoliam maiia-padam iad-dlaimanam api svaiupanaiiiiliaivam dlvanayaii.
yasmai-liom wlicl; svaiupa-bluiaya-inicinal; cva-indccd; saliya-poicncy;
iaila-so; pialasaic-mqanilcsis; iasmai-liom ilai; cla-iupa-onc loim; svaiupa-
blalivam-ljaving His own naiuic; api-also; dïpavai-lilc a lamp; cva-indccd; naima
jajana iiy adau-in Siïmad-llagavaiam 11.3.3S; upalabdli-maiiam iiy ancna-by il
woids "upalabdli-maiiam; cva-indccd; uliam-said; maiia-padam-ilc woid maiia;
iad-dlaimanam-ol ilai naiuic; api-alos; svaiupa-own naiuic; anaiiiiliaivamiljc
siaic ol noi bcing dillcicni; dlvanayaii-dcclaics..
Tlcicloic ilc soul is manilcsicd liom ilc Loid's inicinal poicncy. Lacl soul
las onc naiuic, lilc a lamp. Tlc naiuic ol ilc soul is dcsciibcd in ilcsc woids ol
Siïmad-llagavaiam (11.3.3S, wlicl wcic picviously quoicd in ilis bool in
anucclcda 22, icxi 2):
"Tlc soul was ncvci boin. Ii will ncvci dic. Ii ncvci giows. Ii ncvci dccays. Tlc
soul is ilc wiincss, obsciving ilc clangcs iimc loiccs on clangcablc ilings. Tlc
soul is consciousncss, cxisiing always and in cvciy siiuaiion."

Tcxi 2
aila ccianaivam nama svasya cid-iupaivc 'py anyasya dcladcs cciayiiiivam
dïpadi-pialasasya pialasayiiiiva-vai. iad ciai vilalsanal iiy adav cva
disianicnoliam. pialasalal iii cciayiiiivc lciul.
aila-now; ccianaivam-consciousncss; nama-indccd; svasya-own; cid-iupaivc-
spiiiiual naiuic; api-also; anyasya-ol anoilci; dcladcl-bcginning wiil ilc body;
cciayiiiivam-ilc malci ol consciousncss; dïpadi-pialasasya-manilcsiaiion ol
lamps and oilci lilc ilings; pialasayiiiiva-vai-lilc ilc manilcsici; iai-ilai; ciai-
ilis; vilalsanal-dillcicni; iii-ilus; adav-bcginning; cva-indccd; disianicna-wiil ilc
cxamplc; uliam-said; pialasalal-manilcsiaiion; iii-ilus; cciayiiiivc-in ilc malci
ol consciousncss; lciul-ilc icason.
Tlus ilc soul is spiiiiual and conscious. As a lamp oi oilci luminous objcci
liglis up a cciiain placc, so ilc soul liglis up ilc body wiil consciousncss. Tlis
cxamplc is givcn in Siïmad-llagavaiam 11.10.S. In ilai vcisc ilc woid
"pialasal" mcans "ilc souicc ol consciousncss".
Tcxi 3
vyapii-sïlaivam udalaiisyamanc aima iiy adau siï-piallada-valyc vyapala iiy
ancnoliam vyapii-sïlaivam aii-sulsmaiaya saiva-cciananial-piavcsa-svablavaivam
jnana-maiiaimalo na ca iiy aiia cid-anandaimala iiy api lciv-aniaiam.
vyapii-sïlaivam-ilc naiuic ol bcing all-pcivading; udalaiisyamanc-io bc
cxplaincd; aima iiy adau-Siïmad-llagavaiam 7.6.2; siï-piallada-valyc-in ilc
woids ol Siï Piallada; vyapala- iiy ancnoliam-spolcn wiil ilc woid vyapala";
vyapii-sïlaivam-ilc naiuic ol bcing all-pcivading; aii-sulsmaiaya-wiil gicai
subilciy; saiva-cciananial-piavcsa-svablavaivam-ilc naiuic ol cniciing cvciyonc's
lcaii; jnana-maiia-simply lnowlcdgc; aimalal-scll; na-noi; ca-also; iii-ilus; aiia-
lcic; cid-anandaimala-spiiiiual and lull ol bliss; iii-ilus; api-also; lciv-aniaiam-
anoilci icason.
Tlai ilc Supcisoul is all-pcivading will bc cxplaincd laici, in ilis bool, wlcn
Siï Piallada's woids ol Siïmad-llagavaiam 7.6.19-23 will bc quoicd. Hcic ilc
woid "vyapala" mcans ilai ilc Supcisoul subily cnicis ilc lcaiis ol all living
bcings. Onc icason ilis is so is ilai ilc Loid's naiuic is lilc ilai, as cxplaincd in
ilc woids "jnana-maiiaimalo na ca" (Hc is noi only iiansccndcnial lnowlcdgc).
Anoilci icason is ilai bccausc Hc is spiiiiual and lull ol bliss, ilcicloic ilc Loid
appcais as ilc Supcisoul.
Tcxi +
iasya iasya jada-piaiiyogiivcna jnanaivam dullla-piaiiyogiivcna iu jnanaivam
anandaivam ca. jnanaivam iudaliiam. anandaivam ca niiupadli-picmaspadaivcna
sadlayaii
iasya-ol Him; iasya-ol Him; jada-piaiiyogiivcna-bccausc ol noi bcing maiciial in
naiuic; jnanaivam-ilc naiuic ol iiansccndcnial lnowlcdgc; dullla-
piaiiyogiivcna-bccausc ol bcing licc ol sullciing; iu-indccd; jnanaivam-ilc naiuic
ol lnowlcdgc; anandaivam-ilc naiuic ol bliss; ca-also; jnanaivam-ilc naiuic ol
lnowlcdgc; iu-indccd; udaliiam-dcclaicd; anandaivam-bliss; ca-and; niiupadli-
spiiiiuasl and limiilcss; picma-ol lovc; aspadaivcna-bccausc ol bcing ilc icsiing
placc; sadlayaii-csiablislcs.
lccausc Hc is licc liom any iiacc ol maiici, ilc Supcisoul is lillcd wiil
iiansccndcnial lnowlcdgc. lccausc Hc is licc liom sullciing, ilc Supcisoul is lillcd
wiil lnowlcdgc and bliss. lccausc Hc is ilus lillcd wiil iiansccndcnial lnowlcdgc
and bliss, ilc Supcisoul is ilc abodc ol limiilcss iiansccndcnial lovc. Tlis is
cxplaincd in ilc lollowing woids ol Siïmad-llagavaiam (10.1+.5+):
Tcxi 5
iasmai piiyaiamal svaima
saivcsam cva dclinam
iad-aiilam cva salalam
jagac caiiac caiacaiam
iasmai-ilcicloic; piiyaiamal-mosi dcai; svaima-own scll; saivcsam-ol all; cva-
indccd; dclinam-cmbodicd bcings; iad-aiilam-loi lis salc; cva-indccd; salalam-
all; jagac-ilc univcisc; ca-and; ciai-ilis; caiacaiam-wiil moving and nonmoving
bcings.
"Tlcicloic ii is ilc Supcisoul ilai is mosi dcai io cvciy cmbodicd living bcing,
and ii is simply loi ilc saiislaciion ol ilc Supcisoul ilai ilc wlolc maiciial
cicaiion ol moving and nonmoving cniiiics cxisis."
Tcxi 6
spasiam. siï-sulal.
spasiam-clcai; siï-sulal-Siï Suladcva Gosvamï.
Tlc mcaning ol ilis vcisc is clcai. Tlis vcisc was spolcn by Siïla Suladcva
Gosvamï.
Anuccheda 29
Tcxi 1
iasmims canandaimalc jnanc piaiibimbam yusmad-aiilaivam na blavaii. liniv
aimaivad asmad-aiilaivam cva. iac casmad-aiilaivam alam-blava cva. iaio 'lam
iiy ciac clabdablidlcyalaiam cva jnanam suddla aima pialiiy-avcso 'nyaila
nopapadyaic. yaia cvavcsai iadïya-sanglaia cvalam iiy alam-blavaniaiam
piapnoii. iad ciad ablipiciya iasyalam-aiilaivam ala
iasmin-in ilis; ca-and; anandaimalc-blisslul scll; jnanc-lnowlcdgc;
piaiibimbam-icllcciion; yusmai-ol you; aiilaivam-ilc puiposc; na-noi; blavaii-is;
liniv-lowcvci; aimaivai-bccauzsc ol ilc scll; asmad-aiilaivam-loi oui salc; cva-
indccd; iac-ilai; ca-and; asmad-aiilaivam-loi oui salc; alam-blava-cgo; cva-
indccd; iaial-ilcicloic; alam-I; iii-ilus; ciac-ilis; sabda-woid; ablidlcyalaiam-io
bc said; cva-indccd; jnanam-lnowlcdgc; suddla-puic; aima-soul; pialiii-maiici;
avcsal-cniiancc; anyaila-oilciwisc; na-noi; upapadyaic-is aiiaincd; yaia-liom
wlicl; cva-indccd; avcsai-liom cniiancc; iadïya-lilc ilai; sanglaia-combinaiion;
cva-indccd; alam-I; iii-ilus; alam-blava-lalsc cgo; aniaiam-alici; piapnoii-aiiains;
iai-ilis; ciai-ilai; ablipiciya-lnowing; iasya-ol lim; alam-aiilaivam-lalsc cgo;
ala-says.
Wlcn ilai blisslul spiiiiual consciousncss is pcivciicdly icllccicd in maiciial
consciousncss, ilc individual soul ilinls, "I will noi aci loi youi bcnclii. I will
only aci loi my bcnclii". In ilis way ilc individual soul comcs undci ilc giip ol
maiciialisiic lalsc-cgo. Tlus inllucnccd by lalsc-cgo, ilc puic soul cnicis ilc
maiciial woild. Wiiloui ilis lalsc-cgo ii would noi bc possiblc loi ilc soul io cnici
ilc maiciial woild. In ilis way ilc individual soul comcs undci ilc giip ol lalsc-
cgo. Tlis is dcsciibcd in ilc lollowing woids ol Siïmad-llagavaiam (3.26.6):
Tcxi 2
cvam paiablidlyancna
laiiiivam pialiicl puman
laimasu liiyamancsu
gunaii aimani manyaic
cvam-in ilis way; paia-oilci; ablidlyancna-by idcniilicaiion; laiiiivam-ilc
pciloimancc ol aciiviiics; pialiicl-ol ilc maiciial naiuic; puman-ilc living cniiiy;
laimasu liiyamancsu-wlilc ilc aciiviiics aic bcing pciloimcd; gunail-by ilc
ilicc modcs; aimani-io limscll; manyaic-lc considcis.
"lccausc ol lis loigcilulncss, ilc iiansccndcnial living cniiiy acccpis ilc
inllucncc ol maiciial cncigy as lis licld ol aciiviiics, and ilus aciuaicd, lc wiongly
applics ilc aciiviiics io limscll."¯
Tcxi 3
paiablidlyancna pialiiy-avcscna pialiiii cvalam iii manancna pialiici
gunail liiyamancsu laimasu laiiiivam aimani manyaic. aiia niialam-blavasya
paiablidlyanasamblavai paiavcsa-jaialanlaiasya cavaialaivad asiy cva iasminn
anyo 'lam-blava-viscsal. sa ca suddla-iupa-maiia-nisilaivan na samsaia-lciui iii
spasiam.
paiablidlyancna-aiablidlyancna;pialiiy-avcscna-by cniciing ilc maiciial
woild; pialiiil-maiici; cva-indccd; alam-I; iii-ilus; manancna--ilinling;
pialiicl-ol maiici; gunail-by ilc modcs; liiyamancsu-bcing donc; laimasu-ac
iions; laiiiivam-ilc doci; aimani-in ilc scll; manyaic-is ilougli; aiia-lcic;
niialam-blavasya-liccdom liom lalsc cgo; paiablidlyana-by ilc lalsc
idcniilicaiion; asamblavai-bccausc ol bcing impossiblc; paiavcsa-cniiancc; jaia-
boin; alanlaiasya-ol lalsc cgo; ca-also; avaialaivai-bccausc ol covciing; asii-is;
cva-indccd; iasminn-in ilai; anyal-anoilci; alam-blava-viscsal-lalsc cgo; sa-ilai;
ca-also; suddla-iupa-maiia-nisilaivan-bccausc ol conlidcncc in ilc spiiiiual loim;
na-noi; samsaia-ol ilc maiciial woild; lciul-ilc causc; iii-ilus; spasiam-clcai.
Hcic ilc woild "paiablidlyancna" mcans "by cniciing ilc maiciial woild and
ilinling I am madc ol maiici'." In ilis way ilc iiansccndcnial living cniiiy
acccpis ilc inllucncc ol maiciial cncigy as lis licld ol aciiviiics, and ilus aciuaicd,
lc wiongly applics ilc aciiviiics io limscll (pialiici gunaii liiyamancsu laimasu
laiiiivam aimani manyaic). A pcison wlo is licc ol lalsc-cgo docs noi ilinl in
ilis way. Only wlcn a pcison is covcicd by maiciialisiic lalsc-cgo docs lc ilinl in
ilis way. A soul wlo is convinccd ol lis spiiiiual idcniiiy las no icason io cnici
ilc maiciial woild. Tlai is clcai.
Tcxi +
iad cvalanlaia-dvayam sannc yad indiiya-ganc 'lami ca piasupic luiasila
asayam iic iad anusmiiii nal iiy aiia daisiiam.
iai-ilai; cva-indccd; alanlaia-dvayam-iwo linds ol lalsc cgo; sannc yad
indiiya-ganc 'lami ca piasupic luiasila asayam iic iad anusmiiii nal iiy aiia-in
Siïmad-llagavaiam 11.3.39; daisiiam-icvcalcd.
Tlc iwo linds ol lalsc-cgo aic dcsciibcd in ilcsc woids ol Siïmad-llagavaiam
(11.3.39):
"Wlcn ilc living cniiiy slccps and ilc scnscs, lalsc-cgo, and maiciial
consciousncss aic all doimani, ilc unclanging soul siill icmcmbcis ilai lc lad
slcpi."
Tcxi 5
upadly-ablimanaimalasyalanlaiasya piasupiaivai iad anusmiiii nal iiy ancna
sullam alam asvapsam iiy aimano 'laniayaiva paiamaisac ca. aia cva mam alam
najnasisam iiy aiia paiamaisc 'pi upadly-ablimanino 'nusandlanablaval. anyasya
iv ajnana-salsiivcnanusandlanam iii dil. siï-lapiladcval.
upadly-ablimanaimalasyalanlaiasya-ol ilc soul covcicd by lalsc cgo;
piasupiaivai-bccausc ol iylc slccping condiiion; iai-ol ilai; anusmiiil-mcmoiy;
nal-ol us; iii-ilus; ancna-by ilis; sullam-lappily; alam-I; asvapsam-slcpi; iii-
ilus; aimanal-ol ilc scll; alaniaya-by lalsc cgo; cva-indccd; paiamaisac-liom
considciaiion; ca-and; aia cva-ilciclgoic; mam-myscll; alam-I; na-noi; ajnasisam-
undcisiood; iii-ilus; aiia-lcic; paiamaisc-in considciaiion; api-also; upadly-
ablimaninal-wiil maiciial misidcniilicaiion; anusandlana-scaicling; ablaval-
non-cxisicncc; anyasya-ol anoilci; iv-bui; ajnana-ol ignoiancc; salsiivcna-bccausc
ol bcing ilc wiincss; anusandlanam-considciaiion; iii-ilus; dil-ilc diicciion; siï-
lapiladcval-Loid Kapiladcva.
Lvcn ilougl lc was aslccp, and cvcn ilougl lc was in ilc giip ol maiciialisiic
lalsc-cgo, ilc soul siill icmcmbci lis aciiviiy ol slccping (iad-anusmiiii nal).
Tlus, cvcn ilougl lc is in ilc giip ol lalsc-cgo, ilc soul ilinls, "I slcpi lappily."
Lvcn ilougl lc is in ilc giip ol lalsc-cgo, ilc soul docs noi ilinl, "I was
complcicly unawaic ol myscll as I slcpi". Tlc conclusion is ilai ilc soul is ncvci
in a siaic ol unawaicncss. Tlc vcisc quoicd in ilc bcginning ol ilis anucclcda was
spolcn by Loid Kapiladcva.
Anuccheda 30
Tcxi 1
iaila
niiyaio gayaial pasyan
yailaivanulaioii ian
cvam buddli-gunan pasyann
anïlo 'py anulaiyaic
iaila-so; niiyaial-dancing; gayaial-singing; pasyan-sccing; yaila-as; cva-
indccd; anulaioii-imiiaics; ian-ilcm; cvam-ilus; buddliol iniclligcncc; gunan-
qualiiics; pasyann-sccing; anïlal-inaciivc; api-cvcn; anulaiyaic-is madc io imiiaic.
Tlc soul's naiuic is also dcsciibcd in ilcsc woids ol Siïmad-llagavaiam
(11.22.53):
"Sccing oilcis singing and dancing, onc may bc inclincd io imiiaic ilcm. In ilc
samc way, sccing ilc maiciial iniclligcncc, ilc inaciivc spiiii soul may bc inclincd
io imiiaic ii."
Tcxi 2
puivavai. siï-blagavan.
puivavai-as bcloic; siï-blagavan-ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad.
Tlis vcisc is laimonious wiil ilc picvious cxplanaiions. Tlis vcisc was
spolcn by ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad.
Anuccheda 31
Tcxi 1
cvam cva svapna-disianiam api glaiayann ala
yad-aiilcna vinamusya
pumsa aima-vipaiyayal
piaiïyaia upadiasiul
sva-siias-clcdanadilal
cvam-ilus; cva-indccd; svapna-disianiam-ilc cxamplc ol ilc dicam; api-also;
glaiayann-doing; ala-says; yai-ilus; aiilcna-a puiposc oi mcaning; vina-wiiloui;
amusya-ol sucl a onc; pumsa-ol ilc living cniiiy; aima-vipaiyayal-upsci aboui
scll-idcniilicaiion; piaiïyaia-so appcai; upadiasiul-ol ilc supcilicial onloolci; sva-
siial-own lcad; clcdana-adilal-cuiiing oll.
Tlc cxamplc ol ilc dicam is luiilci claboiaicd in ilcsc woids ol Siïmad-
llagavaiam (3.7.10):
"Tlc living cniiiy is in disiicss icgaiding lis scll-idcniiiy. Hc las no laciual
baclgiound, lilc a man wlo dicams ilai lc sccs lis lcad cui oll."¯
Tcxi 2
upadiasiui amusycii svapna-diasiia amuna jïvcnciy aiilal. siï-maiiicyal.
upadiasiul-scci; amusya-ol lim; iii-ilus; svapna-diasiia-sccing in a dicam;
amuna-by lim; jïvcna-by ilc spiiii soul; iii-ilus; aiilal-ilc mcaning; siï-
maiiicyal-Siï Maiiicya.
Hcic ilc woids "upadiasiui amusya" mcan ol ilc spiiii soul wlo sccs
somciling in a dicam". Tlis vcisc was spolcn by Siï Maiiicya.
Anuccheda 32
Tcxi 1
sadliic ca svaiupa-bluic 'lam-blavc piaiilsciiam blinnaivam api sadliiam.
yai iu
sadliic-aiiaincd; ca-and; svaiupa-bluic-own naiuic; alam-blavc-in lalsc cgo;
piaiilsciiam-cvciy licld ol aciiviiics; blinnaivam-dillcicncc; api-also; sadliiam-
csiabl;islcd; yai-wlai; iu-bui.
Somconc may say ilai ii is only bccausc ol ilc inllucncc ol ilc lalsc-cgo ilai
onc ilinls ilcic aic many dillcicni souls, cacl ilc wiincss ol a paiiiculai licld ol
aciiviiics. Tlis misialcn idca is icluicd by ilc Loid Himscll in a passagc ol Siïmad-
llagavaiam ilai bcgins wiil ilcsc woids (Siïmad-llagavaiam 11.13.22):
Tcxi 2
vasiuno yady ananaivam
aimanal piasna ïdisal
lailam glaicia vo vipia
valiui va mc la asiayal
vasiunal-in iiuil; yadi-il; ananaivam-ilc abscncc ol vaiiciy; aimanal-ol ilc
soul; piasna-ilc qucsiion; ïdisal-lilc ilis; lailam-low'; glaicia-ii may bc; val-ol
you; vipia-O bialmanas; valiul-ilc spcalci; va-oi; mc-ol Mc; la-wlai'; asiayal-
ilc slclici.
"Il youi qucsiion assumcs ilai all vaiiciy is uliimaicly an illusion, ilcn low can
sucl a qucsiion bc ai all mcaninglul' O bialmanas, wlai is ilc iiuil aboui you
and aboui Mc, wlo am now spcaling io you'"
Tcxi 3
iiy adau jnani-laulila-guiu-iïiim iadïya-pialiia-disiim vanusiiya svasya
jïvaniaia-sadlaianya-lalpanamayc siï-lamsadcva valyc jïvaimanam claivam. iai
llalu amsa-blcdc 'pi jnanccclun piaii jnanopayogiivcna iam avivicyaiva
samanalaiaivcnablcda-vyapadcso yaila iaiiaiva
iii-ilus; adau-bcginning; jnani-ol ilc impcisonalisis; laulila-oidinaiy; guiu-
guiu; iïiim-mcilod; iadïya-ol ilis; pialiia-maiciial; disiim-vision; va-oi; anusiiya-
lollowing; svasya-own; jïva-souls; aniaia-oilci; sadlaianya-common naiuic;
lalpanamayc-imaginaiion; siï-lamsadcva-Siï Hamsadcva; valyc-in ilc woids;
jïvaimanam-ol ilc individual souls; claivam-oncncss; iai-ilai; llalu-indccd;
amsa-ol paiis; blcdc-in dillcicncc; api-cvcn; jnana-lnowlcdgc; icclun-dcsiiing;
piaii-io; jnana-lnowlcdgc; upayogiivcna-wiil appiopiiaicncss; iam-ilai avivicya-
noi scpaiaiing; cva-indccd; samana-cqual; alaiaivcna-wiil loim; ablcda-noi
dillcicni; vyapadcsal-icacling; yaila-as; iaiia-ilcic; cva-indccd.
Hcic Loid Hamsadcva iclcis io ilc maiciialisiic idca ol ilc impcisonalisi guius
wlo claim ilai all individual souls aic onc and ilcic is no iiuc dillcicncc bciwccn
ilcm. Loid Hamsadcva icjccis ilis idca and insicad cxplains ilai ilc spiiii souls,
wlo aic paii-and-paiccl ol ilc Loid, aic disiinci individuals. Hc ilcn says
(Siïmad-llagavaiam 11.13.23):
Tcxi +
pancaimalcsu bluicsu
samancsv api vasiuial
lo blavan iii val piasno
vacaiamblo ly anaiilalal
pancaimalcsu-madc ol livc clcmcnis; bluicsu-bcings; samancsv-cqual; api-
cvcn; vasiuial-in iiuil; lal-wlo'; blavan-you; iii-ilus; val-ol you; piasnal-ilc
qucsiion; vacaiamblal-bcginning ol woids; li-indccd; anaiilalal-mcaninglcss.
"Il youi qucsiion Wlo aic You'' iclciicd io ilc maiciial body madc ol livc
clcmcnis, clcmcnis ilai aic in iiuil all alilc, ilcn youi qucsiion was only a
mcaninglcss collcciion ol woids."
Tcxi 5
iaiiapy amsa-blcdo 'siy cva. aia uliam svayam-blagavaia suni caiva svapalc ca
pandiial sama-daisinal iii niidosam li samam bialma iiy adi ca.
iaiiapi-siill; amsa-ol paiis and paiccls; blcdal-dillcicncc; asii-is; cva-indccd;
aia-ilcn; uliam-said; svayam-blagavaia-by ilcSupicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad
Himscll; suni caiva svapalc ca pandiial sama-daisinal iii-llagavad-giia 5.1S;
niidosam li samam bialma- iiy adi-llagavad-giia 5.19; ca-also.
Tlcicloic, cvcn ilougl ilcy aic all paiis-and-paiccls ol ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad, ilc individual spiiii souls aic individual, disiinci pcisons,
dillcicni liom ilc Loid and liom cacl oilci. Tlc Loid dcsciibcs ilc individual
souls in ilcsc woids (llagavad-gïia 5.1S-19):
"Tlc lumblc sagc, by viiiuc ol iiuc lnowlcdgc, sccs wiil cqual vision a lcaincd
and gcnilc bialmana, a cow, an clcplani, a dog, and a dog-caici (ouicasic).¯
"Tlosc wlosc minds aic csiablislcd in samcncss and cquanimiiy lavc alicady
conqucicd ilc condiiions ol biiil and dcail. Tlcy aic llawlcss lilc lialman, and
ilus ilcy aic alicady siiuaicd in lialman."¯
Tcxi 6
aiia bialmcii jïva-bialmaivocyaic. yaila yayalam ciai sad-asai sva-mayaya
pasyc mayi bialmani lalpiiam paic iii.
aiia-lcic; bialma-lialman; iii-ilus; jïva-bialma-ilc spiiii soul; cva--indccd;
ucyaic-is saud; yaila-as; yayalam ciai sad-asai sva-mayaya pasyc mayi bialmani
lalpiiam paic iii-Siïmad-llagavaiam 1.5.27.
Hcic ilc woid "bialma" indicaics ilc spiiiiual naiuic ol ilc individual soul.
Tlai ilc individual soul is spiiiiual and iiansccndcnial is dcsciibcd in ilcsc woids
ol Siïmad-llagavaiam (1.5.27):
"As my iasic dcvclopcd, I could icalizc ilai ii was only in my ignoiancc ilai I
lad acccpicd gioss and subilc maiciial covciings, loi boil ilc Loid and I am
iiansccndcnial."¯
Tcxi 7
mayi bialmani dclaimalam paic bialmani ca jagad-aimalam sad asai laiya-
laiana-sanglaiam sva-visayala-mayaya jïva-mayallyaya dcla cvalam iaila india-
candiady-aimalam jagad cvcsvaia iiïdam lalpiiam cva. yaya maiya pasyc
pasyamïiy aiilal. samanalaiaivad cva puivavad anyaiia ca so 'lam sa ca ivam iii.
iad cvam saivcsam cva jïvanam clalaiaivc saii
mayi-mayi; bialmani-bialmani; dclaimalam-body; paic-paic; bialmani-
bialmani; ca-and; jagad-aimalam-ilc univcisc; sad asai-sad asai; laiya-laiana-
sanglaiam-causc and cllcci; sva-visayala-in ilc iangc ol pciccpiion; mayaya-by
maya; jïva-soul; maya-poicncy; allyayanamcd; dcla-body; cva-indccd; alam-I;
iaila-so; india-candiady-aimalam-bcginning wiil India and Candia; jagai-
univcisc; cva-indccd; ïsvaia-coniiollci; iii-ilus; idam-ilis; lalpiiam-considcicd;
cva-indccd; yaya-by wlicl; maiya-idca; pasyc-I scc; pasyami-I scc; iii-ilus; aiilal-
ilc mcaning; samana-cqual; alaiaivai-bccausc ol laving a loim; cva-indccd;
puivavai-as bcloic; anyaiia-in anoilci placc; ca-also; sal-lc; alam+I; sa-lc; ca-
also; ivam-you; iii-ilus; iai-ilai; cvam-ilus; saivcsam-ol all; cva-indccd; jïvanam-
souls; clalaiaivc-in ilc siaic ol laving a loim; saii-bcing so.
Hcic ilc woids "mayi bialmani" mcan "ilc soul ilai icsidcs in ilc maiciial
body", "paic bialmani" mcan Hc wlo is ilc soul ol ilc cniiic univcisc", and "sad
asai" mcan "causc and cllcci". In ilis way ilc individual spiiii soul, wlo is callcd
ilc "jïva-maya" (ilc poicncy ilai is ilc individual soul) icsidcs in ilc maiciial
body. (Hcic Naiada says) "I am sucl an individual soul". As ilc individual spiiii
soul icsidcs in a paiiiculai maiciial body, in ilc samc way ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy
ol Godlcad, wlo is ilc coniiollci ol ilc cniiic univcisc, also icsidcs in ilc bodics
ol India, Candia, and all oilcis. "Kalpiiam" lcic mcans wiil ilis undcisianding",
"yaya" mcans "wiil ilis idca", and "pasyc" mcans "I scc". In ilis way, in ilc
picvious siaicmcnis ol ilis bool, and in many oilci placcs also in ilc sciipiuics ,
ii is sccn ilai ilc naiuic ol ilc individual souls is in many ways lilc ilc naiuic ol
ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad Himscll. Tlai is wly in somc placcs ilc
sciipiuics dcclaic, "Tlc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad is lilc ilai, I am lilc
ilai, and you aic also lilc ilai". Tlai all spiiii souls lavc ilc samc lind ol
spiiiiual naiuic is also conliimcd by ilcsc woids ol Siïmad-llagavaiam
(11.10.32):
Tcxi S
yavai syad guna-vaisamyam
iavan nanaivam aimanal
nanaivam aimano yavai
paiaianiiyam iadaiva li
yavai-as; syai-is; guna-vaisamyam-dillcicncc ol modcs; iavan-ilcn; nanaivam-
vaiiciy; aimanal-ol ilc soul; nanaivam-vaiiciy; aimanal-ol ilc soul; yavai-as long
as; paiaianiiyam-supciioiiiy; iada-ilcn; cva-indccd; li-indccd.
"As long as onc ilinls ilc dillcicni modcs ol maiciial naiuic cicaic dillcicni
linds ol souls, onc will ilinl ilai ilc souls lavc many dillcicni linds ol naiuics.
As long as onc ilinls ilc souls lavc many dillcicni linds ol naiuics, onc will
icmain in ilc giip ol maiciial illusion."
Tcxi 9
iiy adisu dcvadi-dcla-blcda-liiaganiula-nanaivam nindyaic
iii-ilus; adisu-bcginning; dcva-dcmigods; adi-bcginning wiil; dcla-ol maiciial
bodics; blcda-dillcicnccs; liia-donc; aganiula-aiiaining; nanaivam-vaiiciy;
nindyaic-is ciiiicizcd.
In ilcsc woids ilc idca ilai ilc dillcicni spccics ol living cniiiics, bcginning
wiil ilc dcmigods, and dcsccnding io ilc lowcsi loims ol lilc, lousc dillcicni
linds ol souls is siicnuously icluicd.
Tcxi 10
vcnu-iandlia-viblcdcna
blcdal sadjadi-samjniial
ablcda-vyapino vayos
iaila iasya malaimanal
vcnu-ol a lluic; iandlia-lolcs; viblcdcna-wiil dillcicnccs; blcdal-dillcicncc;
sadjadi-samjniial-wiil ilc dillcicni noics, bcginning wiil sadja; ablcda-vyapinal-
noi dillcicni; vayol-ol wind; iaila-so; iasya-ol ilai; malaimanal-ol ilc soul.
Tlc idca ilai a dillcicni Supcisoul icsidcs in ilc maiciial bodics ol ilc dillcicni
living cniiiics is icluicd by ilcsc woids ol Siï Visnu Puiana (2.1+.32):
"A lluic las many lolcs, wlicl pioducc dillcicni noics and scalcs, bcginning
wiil sadja. Howcvci, ilc wind ilai blows iliougl ilc lluic is onc. In ilc samc way
ii is ilc samc Supcisoul, His idcniiiy always unclangcd, wlo siays in dillcicni
maiciial bodics ol ilc condiiioncd souls."
Tcxi 11
iiy adilam iu paiamaima-visayalam cva. iad ciai saivam ablipiciya jïvanam
piaii-lsciiam blinnaivam sva-palsaivcna nidaisayanii
iii-ilus; adilam-bcginning; iu-bui; paiamaima-visayalam-ilc splcic ol ilc
Supcisoul; cva-indccd; iai-ilis; ciai-ilai; saivam-all; ablipiciya-lnowing; jïvanam-
ol soul; piaii-lsciiam-in cvciy body; blinnaivam-dillcicncc; sva-palsaivcna-own
sidc; nidaisayanii-slow.
Tlcsc woids ol Siï Visnu Puiana dcsciibc ilc Supcisoul. Alilougl ilc
Supcisoul icsiding in ilc dillcicni maiciial bodics is onc pcison, ilc individual
spiiii souls in ilc dillcicni maiciial bodics aic all dillcicni pcisons. Tlis is
dcsciibcd in ilc lollowing woids ol Siïmad-llagavaiam (10.S7.30):
Tcxi 12
apaiimiia dliuvanubliio yadi saiva-gaial iii.
apaiimiia dliuvanubliio yadi saiva-gaial iii-Siïmad-llagavaiam 10.S7.30.
"O Supicmc Licinal! Il ilc cmbodicd living cniiiics wcic cicinal and all-
pcivading lilc You, ilcn ilcy would noi bc undci Youi coniiol. lui il ilc living
cniiiics aic acccpicd as minuic cncigics ol Youi Loidslip, ilcn ilcy aic ai oncc
subjcci io Youi supicmc coniiol. Tlcicloic ical libciaiion cniails suiicndci by ilc
living cniiiics io Youi coniiol, and ilai suiicndci will malc ilcm lappy. In ilai
consiiiuiional posiiion only can ilcy bc coniiollcis. Tlcicloic, mcn wiil limiicd
lnowlcdgc wlo advocaic ilc monisiic ilcoiy ilai God and ilc living cniiiics aic
cqual in all icspccis aic aciually mislcading ilcmsclvcs and oilcis."¯
Tcxi 13
aiia yadi-sabdai puiva-pailcnapaiimiiaivam dliuvaivam casandigdlam iii iaiia
svapalsaivam pascai pailcna saiva-gaiaivam iu sandigdlam iii iaiia paia-
palsaivam spasiam cva.
aiia-lcic; yadi-sabdai-liom ilc woid "yadi"; puiva-pailcna-by ilc picvious
quoiaiion; apaiimiiaivam-ilc siaic ol bcing limiil;css; dliuvaivam-ilc siaic ol
bcing cicinal; ca-also; asandigdlam-uniouclcd by maiici; iii-ilus; iaiia-ilcic;
svapalsaivam-own naiuic; pascai-ilcn; pailcna-by ilc quoiaiion; saiva-all;
gaiaivam-pcivading; iu-bui; sandigdlam-in coniaci; iii-ilus; iaiia-ilcic; paia-
palsaivam-ilc siaic ol bcing wiil oilcis; spasiam-clcai; cva-indccd.
Tlc woids ilai lollow ilc woid "yadi" alliim ilai ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad is limiilcss, cicinal, and uniouclcd by maiici. Tlai is ilc Supicmc Loid's
naiuic. Tlc woids ilai lollow ilai dcsciipiion alliim ilai ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy
ol Godlcad is picscni cvciywlcic in ilc maiciial woild. Tlai aci csiablislcs ilc
Loid's iclaiionslip wiil ilc living cniiiics. Tlis is clcaily siaicd.
Tcxi 1+
aia cva clo dcval saiva-bluicsu gudlal iiy adilam paiamaima-paiam valyam
jïvanam anclaivam bodlayaii. siuiayal.
aia cva-ilcicloic; clo dcval saiva-bluicsu gudlal iiy adilam-Siï Svciasvaiaia
Upanisad 6.11; paiamaima-paiam-icl Supcisoul; valyam-siaicmcni; jïvanam-ol
ilc individual spiiii souls; anclaivam-pluialiiy; bodlayaii-icaclcs; siuiayal-ilc
Pcisonilicd Vcdas.
Tlc Supcisoul is also dcsciibcd in ilcsc woids ol Svciasvaiaia Upanisad (6.11):
"Tlc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad manilcsis Himscll as ilc all-pcivading
Supcisoul, ilc wiincss picscni in ilc lcaiis ol all living cniiiics. Hc wiincsscs all
aciiviiics ol ilc living cniiiy. Hc is ilc supicmc living loicc, and yci Hc is
iiansccndcnial io all maiciial qualiiics."¯
Anuccheda 33
Tcxi 1
piaiilsciia-blinnaivc lciv-aniaiam anul iii. anul paiamanui iiy aiilal.
paiamanus ca yasya dig-blcdc 'py amso na lalpayiium salyaic. sa cvamsasya paia
lasilcii iad-vidal. anoi apy allanda-dcla-cciayiiiivam piablava-viscsa-iupad
gunad cva blavaii. yaila siia adau dlaiyamanasya jaiu-jlaiiiasyapi malausadli-
llandasyallanda-dcla-pusii-laianadi-lciul piablaval. yaila vayas-laniadci
lola-calanadi-lciul piablava cva. iadvai. iad ciad anuivam ala sulsmanam apy
alam jïval iii.
piaiilsciia-in cvciy licld ol aciiviiics; blinnaivc-in dillcicncc; lci-icason;
aniaiam-anoilci; anul-aiomic; iii-ilus; anul-aiomic; paiamanul-an aiom; iii-
ilus; aiilal-ilc mcaning; paiamanul-aiom; ca-and; yasya-ol wlicl; dil-diicciion;
blcdc-in dillcicncc; api-also; amsal-a paii; na-noi; lalpayiium-io conccivc;
salyaic-is ablc; sa-ilai; cva-indccd; amsasya-ol a paii; paia lasila-liglcsi poini;
iii-ilus; iai-ilai; vidal-undcisianding; anol-ol an aiom; api-also; allanda-
unbiolcn; dcla-ol ilc body; cciayiiiivam-ilc saiaic ol bcing conscious; piablava-
viscsa-iupai-liom ilc spccilic powci; gunai-liom ilc qualiiy; cva-indccd; blavaii-
is; yaila-as; siia-lcad; adau-in ilc bcginning; dlaiyamanasya-lolding; jaiu-
jlaiiiasya-ai oncc; api-also; malausadli-gicai mcdicinc; llandasya-biolcn;
allanda-unbiolcn; dcla-body; pusii-ol nouiislmcni; laiana-causc; adi-liisi;
lciul-causc; piablaval-powci; yaila-as; vayas-laniadcl-bcginning wiil a
magnciic; lola-pcoplc; calana-moving; adi-bcginning; lciul-causc; piablava-
powci; cva-indccd; iadvai-in ilai way; iai-ilis; ciai-ilai; anuivam-aiomic naiuic;
ala-said; sulsmanam-ol small ilings; api-also; alam-I; jïval-ilc individual soul;
iii-ilus.
Anoilci icason wly ilc individual souls in ilc dillcicni maiciial bodics aic all
dillcicni pcisons and aic noi ilc samc is givcn in ilc woid "anu", wlicl mcans
"aiom". No onc can couni ilc numbci ol aioms picscni in all diicciions. Tlc aiom
is ilc smallcsi ol all small ilings. Tlis is lnown by ilc wisc. Tlcicloic ilc soul,
aiomic in sizc, lills ilc cniiic maiciial body wiil consciousncss. Tlai is ilc soul's
naiuic. As mcdicinc placcd in ilc mouil siicngilcns ilc cniiic body, and as a
magnci movcs picccs ol iion, so ilc soul cxciis iis inllucncc ovci ilc maiciial
body. Tlc aiomic naiuic ol ilc soul is dcsciibcd by ilc Loid Himscll in ilcsc
woids ol Siïmad-llagavaiam (11.16.11):
"Ol aiomic paiiiclcs, I am ilc soul."
Tcxi 2
iasmai sulsmaia-paialasila-piapio jïva iiy aiilal. duijncyaivad yai
sulsmaivam iad aiia na vivalsiiam. malaiam ca malan alam sulsmanam apy
alam jïval iii paiaspaia-piaiiyogiivcna valya-dvayasyananiaiyoliau svaiasya-
blangai. piapanca-madlyc li saiva-laianaivan malai-iaiivasya malaiivam nama
vyapalaivam. na iu piilivy-ady-apclsaya sujncyaivam yaila iadvai piapancc
jïvanam api sulsmaivam paiamanuivam cvcii svaiasyam.
iasmai-ilcicloic; sulsmaia-paialasila-piapial-bcing ilc smallcsi ol paiiiclcs;
jïva-ilc individual soul; iii-ilus; aiilal-ilc mcaning; duijncyaivai-bccauszc ol
bcing dilliculi io undcisiand; yai-wlai; sulsmaivam-smalncss; iai-ilai; aiia-lcic;
na-noi; vivalsiiam-dcsiicd io bc said; malaiam-ol ilc laigc; ca-also; malan-ilc
laigcsi; alam-I; sulsmanam-ol ilc smallcsi; api-also; alam-I; jïval-ilc soul; iii-
ilus; paiaspaia-muiual; piaiiyogiivcna-opposiics; valya-dvayasya-ol ilc iwo
siaicmcnis; ananiaiya-noi wiilin; uliau-in ilc woids; svaiasya-appiopiiaicncss;
blangai-bccausc ol bicaling; piapanca-madlyc-in ilc midsi ol ilc maiciial woild;
li-indccd; saiva-laianaivan-bccausc ol bcing ilc causc ol all; malai-iaiivasya-ol
ilc malai-iaiiva; malaiivam-ilc laigcncss; nama-indcd; vyapalaivam-ilc siaic ol
bcing all-pcivading; na-noi; iu-indccd; piilivy-ady-apclsaya-in iclaiionj io ilc
maiciial clcmcnis, wlicl bcgin wiil caiil; sujncyaivam-io bc casily undcisiood;
yaila-as; iadvai-so; piapancc-in ilc maiciial woild; jïvanam-ol ilc individual
spoiiii souls; api-also; sulsmaivam-smallncss; paiamanuivam-aiomic naiuic; cva-
indccd; iii-ilus; svaiasyam-appiopiiaic.
In ilis way ii is said ilai ilc individual soul is ilc smallcsi ol ilc small.
lccausc ii cannoi bc casily undcisiood, wcic will noi lcic dcsciibc ilc gicai
smallncss ol ilc soul's sizc. In Siïmad-llagavaiam (11.16.11):ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad dcclaics:
"Ol gicai ilings I am ilc malai-iaiiva, and ol small ilings I am ilc spiiii soul."
Tlcsc iwo siaicmcnis sccm io bc muiually coniiadicioiy. lccausc ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad is ilc oiiginal causc ol cvciyiling, Hc is all-pcivading in
ilc maiciial woild. In ilis way lc is ilc gicaincss ol ilc malai-iaiiva. Hc is also
ilc smallncss ol ilc individual souls. wlicl slould noi bc considcicd maiciial,
lilc caiil oi ilc oilci maiciial clcmcnis. Undcisiood in ilis way, ilc Loid's
siaicmcni is appiopiiaic and logical.
Tcxi 3
siuiayas ca cso 'nuiaima cciasa vcdiiavya yasmin pianal pancadla samvivcsa
iii. balagia-saia-blagasya saiadla lalpiiasya ca blago jïval sa vijncyal iii. aiagia-
maiio ly apaio 'pi disial iii ca.
siuiayal-ilc Siuiis; ca-and; csal-lc; anul-aiomic; aima-soul; cciasa-by ilc
mind; vcdiiavya-io bc lnown; yasmin-in wlicl; pianal-ilc bicail; pancadla-in
livc ways; samvivcsa-cnicicd; iii-ilus; balagia-ol ilc iip,ol a laii; saia-blagasya-ol
a lundicdil paii; saiadla-in a lundicd paiis; lalpiiasya-considcicd; ca-also;
blagal-paii; jïval-ilc soul; sa-lc; vijncyal-io bc lnown; iii-ilus; agia-maiial-ilc
iip; li-indccd; apaial-noi gicai; api-also; disial-sccn; iii-ilus; ca-also.
Tlc Siuii-sasiias also dcsciibc ilc aiomic naiuic ol ilc individual soul. In ilc
Mundala Upanisad (3.1.9) ii is said:
"Tlc soul is aiomic in sizc and can bc pciccivcd by pcilcci iniclligcncc. Tlc
aiomic soul is lloaiing in livc linds ol aii (piana, apana, vyana, samana, and
udana), and is siiuaicd wiilin ilc lcaii."¯
In ilc Svciasvaiaia Upanisad (5.9) ii is said:
"Wlcn ilc uppci poini ol a laii is dividcd inio onc lundicd paiis, and again
cacl ol sucl paiis is luiilci dividcd inio onc lundicd paiis, cacl sucl paii is ilc
mcasuicmcni ol ilc dimcnsion ol ilc spiiii soul."¯
In ilc Svciasvaiaia Upanisad (5.S) ii is also said:
"Tlc spiiii soul is aiomic in sizc."
Tcxi +
siï-blagavan.
siï-blagavan-ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad.
Tlc vcisc quoicd in ilc bcginning ol ilis anucclcda was spolcn by ilc
Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad.
Anuccheda 3+
Tcxi 1
iaila apaiimiia dliuvanubliio yadi saiva-gaia
iaili na sasyaicii niyamo dliuva-nciaiaila
ajani ca yan-mayam iad avimucya niiyanii blavci
samam anujanaiam yad amaiam maia-dusiaiaya
iaila-so; apaiimiia-counilcss; dliuva-cicina; ianubliial-cmobodicd souls;
yadi-il; saiva-gaia-all-pcivading; iaili-ilcn; na-noi; sasyaia-iulcislip; iii-ilus;
niyamal-iulc; dliuva-O cicinal Loid; na-noi; iiaiaila-oilciwisc; ajani-boin; ca-
and; yan-mayam-consisiing ol wlom; iai-ilai; avimucya-noi bccomign licc;
niiyanii-coniiollci; blavci-may bc; samam-cqualiiy; anujanaiam-ol ilcy wlo
lnow; yai-wlai; amaiam-misundcisiood; maia-opinion; dusiaiaya-bccausc ol
lalscncss.
Tlai ilc individual souls aic dillcicni liom ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad is conliimcd by ilcsc woids ol Siïmad-llagavaiam (10.S7.30):
"O Supicmc Licinal! Il ilc cmbodicd living cniiiics wcic cicinal and all-
pcivading lilc You, ilcn ilcy would noi bc undci Youi coniiol. lui il ilc living
cniiiics aic acccpicd as minuic cncigics ol Youi Loidslip, ilcn ilcy aic ai oncc
subjcci io Youi supicmc coniiol. Tlcicloic ical libciaiion cniails suiicndci by ilc
living cniiiics io Youi coniiol, and ilai suiicndci will malc ilcm lappy. In ilai
consiiiuiional posiiion only can ilcy bc coniiollcis. Tlcicloic, mcn wiil limiicd
lnowlcdgc wlo advocaic ilc monisiic ilcoiy ilai God and ilc living cniiiics aic
cqual in all icspccis aic aciually mislcading ilcmsclvcs and oilcis."¯
Tcxi 2
ayam aiilal paiamaimano 'msaivam iasmaj jayamanaivam ca jïvasya siuyaic.
iaiia mamaivamso jïva-lolc iiy adi siddlc 'msaivc iavai iasya vibluivam ayuliam
iiy alul apaiimiia vasiuia cvanania-sanllya niiyas ca yc ianu-bliio jïvas ic yadi
saiva-gaia viblaval syus iaili icsam vyapyaivablavcna samaivai sasyaicii niyamo
na syai. ïsvaio niyania jïvo niyamya iii vcda-liia-niyamo na glaiaia iiy aiilal.
ayam-ilis; aiilal-ilc mcaning; paiamaimanal-ol ilc Supcisoul; amsaivam-ilc
siaius ol a paii; iasmaj-liom ilai; jayamanaivam-ilc siaius ol bcing boin; ca-also;
jïvasya-ol ils soul; siuyaic-is lcaid; iaiia-ilcic; mamaivamso jïva-lolc iiy adi-in
llagavad-giia 15.7; siddlc-piovcd; amsaivc-ilc siaius ol bcing a paii; iavai-ilcn;
iasya-ol Him; vibluivam-all-powwcilulncss and all-pcivasivcncss; ayuliam-
impiopci; iii-ilus; alul-said; apaiimiia-apaiimiia; vasiuial-in iiuil; cva-indccd;
anania-limiilcss; sanllya-in numbci; niiyal-cicinal; ca-and; yc-wlo; ianu-bliial-
cmobidicd souls; jïval-souls; ic-ilcy; yadi-il; saiva-gaia-all-pcivading; viblaval-
all-pcivading; syul-aic; iaili-ilcn; icsam-ol ilcm; vyapyaivablavcna-wiil ilc
abscncc ol bcing all-pcivading; samaivai-bccausc ol cqualiiy; sasyaia-ilc siaic ol
bcing ilc coniiollci; iii-ilus; niyamal-ilc coniiollci; na-noi; syai-is; ïsvaial-ilc
Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; niyania-ilc coniiollci; jïval-ilc individual soul;
niyamya-ilc coniiollcd; iii-ilus; vcda-liia-niyamal-ilc conclusion ol ilc Vcdic
sciipiuics; na-noi; glaiaia-is; iii-ilus; aiilal-ilc mcaning.
Hcic is ilc mcaning: ilc Siuii-sasiias dcclaic ilai ilc individual soul is a paii-
and-paiccl ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad. Tlis is conliimcd in llagavad-
gïia (15.7), wlcic ilc Supicmc Loid dcclaics:
"Tlc living cniiiics in ilis maiciial woild aic M<y paiis and paiccls."¯
lccausc ilcy aic paiis ol ilc Loid, ii is noi possiblc loi ilc individual souls io
bc all-pcivading. Tlis vcisc (Siïmad-llagavaiam 10.S7.30) dcclaics: "O Supicmc
Licinal! Il ilc cmbodicd living cniiiics wcic cicinal and all-pcivading lilc You,
ilcn ilcy would noi bc undci Youi coniiol." Tlc iiuil is, lowcvci, ilai ilc
Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad is clcaily ilc coniiollci, and ilc individual spiiii
souls aic clcaily undci His coniiol. Ii cannoi bc claimcd ilai ilis is noi lc
conclusion ol ilc Vcdic liiciaiuics.
Tcxi 3
lc dliuva iiaiaila jïvasyanuivcna vyapyaiva-blavc iu saii na ian-niyama iii na.
api iu sa glaiaia cvciy aiilal.
lc-O; dliuva-cicinal; iiaiaila-oilciwisc; jïvasya-ol ilc individual soul;
anuivcna-wiil aiomic sizc; vyapyaiva-blavc-ilc siaic ol bcing all-pcivading; iu-
bui; saii-bcing so; na-noi; ian-niyama-undci Youi coniiol; iii-ilus; na-noi; api-
also; iu-bui; sa-lc; glaiaia-may bc; cva-indccd; iii-ilus; aiilal-ilc mcaning.
Tlc vcisc ilcicloic alliims, "Il ilc cmbodicd living cniiiics wcic cicinal and
all-pcivading lilc You, ilcn ilcy would noi bc undci Youi coniiol." Tlcicloic ii is
noi possiblc ilai ilc individual spiiii souls aic all-pcivading. Tlai is ilc mcaning.
Tcxi +
aila yaio va imani bluiani jayania iii jayamanaivavasilayam api vyapya-
vyapalaivcnaiva niyamya-niyaniiivam blavaii.
aila-now; yaial-liom wlom; va-indccd; imani-ilcsc; bluiani-living cniiiics;
jayania-aic boin; iii-ilus; jayamanaiva-ol bcing boin; avasilayam-in ilc siaic; api-
cvcn; vyapya-as wlai is pcivading; vyapalaivcna-as Hc wlo is all-pcivading; cva-
indccd; niyamya-ilc coniiollcd; niyaniiivam-ilc siaic ol bcing ilc coniiollci;
blavaii-is.
Tlai ilc individual,souls aic manilcsicd liom ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad is cxplaincd in ilcsc woids ol Taiiiiiïya Upanisad (3.1.1):
"All cicaicd bcings cmanaic liom ilc Absoluic Tiuil, ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy
ol Godlcad."¯
lccausc ilc individual spiiii souls aic manilcsicd liom ilc Loid ilc
iclaiionslip bciwccn ilc individual soul and ilc Loid is ilai ol coniiollcd (ilc
individual soul) and coniiollci (ilc Supicmc Loid) oi ilc objcci in wlicl all-
pcivasivcncss is manilcsicd (ilc individual soul) and ilc pcison wlo is all-
pcivading (ilc Supicmc Loid).
Tcxi 5
saivaiiaiva laiya-laianayos iailablava-daisanad iiy alul ajanïii. yan-mayam
yad-upadanalam yal ajani jaiam jayaia iiy aiilal. iad-upadanam laiii iasya
jayamanasya yasmin niyanii blavci iad avimucya lincid apy anuliva vyapyaivciy
aiilal.
saivaiia-cvciywlcic; cva-indccd; laiya-laianayol-ol causc and cllcci;
iailablava-daisanai-liom sccing lilc ilai; iii-ilus; alul-said; ajanïii-ajani; yan-
mayam-consisiing ol wlicl; yad-upadanalam-ilc causc; yal-wlai; ajani-was boin;
jaiam-boin; jayaic-boin; iii-ilus; aiilal-ilc mcaning; iad-upadanam-ilc causc ol
ilai; laiii-ilc cicaioi; iasya-ol ilai; jayamanasya-bcing boin; yasmin-in wlicl;
niyanii-ilc coniiollci; blavci-is; iai-ilai; avimucya-noi bcing licc; lincii-
somciling; api-also; anuliva-noi saying; vyapya-pcivading; cva-indccd; iii-ilus;
aiilal-ilc mcaning.
Sccing cvciywlcic ilc clain ol causcs and cllccis aic manilcsicd in ilis way,
ilc spcalci ol ilis vcisc says ajani" (was boin. Tlc woid "yan-mayam" mcans
"consisiing ol ilis", and ""yad ajani" mcans "was boin". Tlc pliasc "yan niyanii
blavci iad avimucya" mcans "Hc is ilc cicaioi". Alilougl noi cxpliciily siaicd,
lcic ii is linicd "Hc is all-pcivading".
Tcxi 6
lim ca yad-upadana-iupam paiamaimallyam iaiivam lcnapy apaicna samam
samanam iiy anujanaiam yal lascii iaila vadaii. iaiianujnam api dadaiam amaiam
jnanam na blavaiïiy aiilal. iaiia lciul maia-dusiaiaya iasya maiasyasuddlaivcna.
iaiiasuddlaivam siuiya ca viiodlai.
lim ca-luiilcimoic; yad-upadana-iupam-in ilc loim ol ilc cicaioi;
paiamaimallyam-callcd ilc Supcisoul; iaiivam-iiuil; lcnapi-somclow; apaicna-
by anoilci; samam-cqual; samanam-cqual; iii-ilus; anujanaiam-ol ilcy wlo lnow;
yal-wlo; lascii-somconc; iaila-so; vadaii-says; iaiia-ilcic; anujnam-lnowlcdgc;
api-also; dadaiam-givcs; amaiam-opinion; jnanam-lnowlcdgc; na-noi; blavaii-is;
iii-ilus; aiilal.-ilc mcaning; iaiia-ilcic; lciul-causc; maia-dusiaiaya-maia-
dusiaya; iasya-ol ilai; maiasya-idca; asuddlaivcna.-wiil impuiiiy; iaiia-ilcic;
asuddlaivam-impuiiiy; siuiya-by ilc siuiis; ca-and; viiodlai-bccausc ol
coniiadiciion.
Somc ilinlcis claim ilai ilc individual souls aic cqual io ilc Supcisoul, wlo is
ilc cicaioi ol ilc ilc woilds. Tlis idca is noi iiuc. Ii is noi ical lnowlcdgc
(amaiam). Tlc woid maia-dusiaiaya" mcans "ilis idca is impuic, loi ii
coniiadicis ilc conclusions ol ilc Siuii-sasiias".
Tcxi 7
siuiis ca asamo va csa paio na li lascid cvam disyaic.saivc iv cic na va jayanic
ca miiyanic ca clidia ly cic blavaniy aila paio na jayanic na miiyaic saivc ly
apuinas ca blavanii iii caiui-vcda-sillayam.
siuiil-ilc Siuii-sasiia; ca-and; asamal-noi cqual; va-indccd; csa-lc; paial-ilc
Supicmc; na-noi; li-indccd; lascii-somconc; cvam-ilus; disyaic-is sccn;.saivc-all;
iv-indccd; cic-ilcy; na-noi; va-indccd; jayanic-aic boin; ca-and; miiyanic-dic; ca-
and; clidia-laulis; li-indcd; cic-ilcy; blavanii-aic; aila-ilcn; paial-supicmc; na-
noi; jayanic-boin; na-noi; miiyaic-dics; saivc-all; li-indccd; apuinal-inlciioi; ca-
also; blavanii-aic; iii-ilus; caiui-vcda-sillayam-in ilc Caiui-vcda-silla.
In ilc Siuii-sasiia, in ilc Caiui-vcda-silla, ii is said:
"No individual soul is cqual io ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad. All
individual souls aic boin, dic, and aic lillcd wiil many laulis. Tlc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad is ncvci boin and ncvci dics. All ilc individual souls aic
impcilcci and suboidinaic io ilc Loid."
Tcxi S
na iai-samas cablyadlilas ca disyaic iii.
na-noi; iai-samal-cqual io Him; ca-and; ablyadlilal-gicaici; ca-and; disyaic-is
sccn; iii-ilus.
In ilc Svciasvaiaia Upanisad (6.S) ii is said:
"No onc is gicaici ilan ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad. No onc is cqual io
ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad."
Tcxi 9
aila lasmad ucyaic bialma bimlaii bilmayaii ca iii canyaiia.
aila-now; lasmai-liom wlom'; ucyaic-is said; bialma-ilc Supicmc; bimlaii-
cicaics; bilmayaii-susiains; ca-and; iii-ilus canyaiia.
In ilc sciipiuics ii is also said:
"Wlo cicaicd all ilc woilds' Tlc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad cicaics and
susiains all cxisicncc."
Tcxi 10
bilaivad bimlanaivac ca yad bialma paiamam vidul iii siï-visnu-puianc.
bilaivai-bccausc ol gicaincss; bimlanaivac-bccausc ol maling gicai; ca-and;
yai-wlai; bialma-Supicmc; paiamam-Su`icmc; vidul-lnow; iii-ilus; siï-visnu-
puianc-Siï Visnu Puiana.
In ilc Siï Visnu Puiana (1.12.57) ii is said:
"Tlc wisc lnow ilai ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad is ilc masici ol all,
loi ii is Hc wlo cicaics and susiains all cxisicncc."
Tcxi 11
aial paiamaimana cva saiva-vyapalaivam. clo dcval saiva-bluicsu gudlal
saiva-vyapï saiva-bluianiaiaima iiy adau. iasmad anui cva jïva iii.
aial-ilcn; paiamaimana-ol ilc Supcisoul; cva-indccd; saiva-vyapalaivam-all-
pcivasivcncss; clo dcval saiva-bluicsu gudlal saiva-vyapï saiva-bluianiaiaima
iiy adau-Svciasvaiaia Upanisad 6.11;. iasmai-ilcicloic; anul-aiomic; cva-indccd;
jïva-ilc soul; iii-ilus.
Tlc Supcisoul's all-pcivasivcncss is dcsciibcd in ilcsc woids ol Svciasvaiaia
Upanisad (6.11):
"Tlc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad manilcsis Himscll as ilc all-pcivading
Supcisoul, ilc wiincss picscni in ilc lcaiis ol all living cniiiics. Hc wiincsscs all
aciiviiics ol ilc living cniiiy. Hc is ilc supicmc living loicc, and yci Hc is
iiansccndcnial io all maiciial qualiiics."¯
Iiom ilcsc woids ilc iiuil ilai ilc individual spiiii souls aic aiomic in sizc
may also bc inlciicd.
Tcxi 12
yai iu siï-blagavad-gïiasu niiyal saiva-gaial silanul iiy adina jïva-niiupanam.
iaiia saiva-gaial siï-blagavan cva iai-silas iad-asiiias casav anus ccii saiva-gaial
silanui jïval piolial. siuiayal.
yai-wlai; iu-indccd; siï-blagavad-gïiasu-in llagavad-giia; niiyal saiva-gaial
silanul iiy adina-in llagavad-giia 2.2+; jïva-niiupanam-dcsciipiion ol ilc
individual souls; iaiia-ilcic; saiva-gaial-all-pcivading; siï-blagavan-ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; cva-indccd; iai-silal-siaying ilcic; iad-asiiial-ialing
slclici ilcic; ca-and; asau-Hc; anul-aiomic; ca-and; iii-ilus; saiva-gaial-all-
pcivaing; silanul-siaying; jïval-ilc soul; piolial-said; siuiayal-ilc pcisonilicd
Vcdas.
Tlc soul is also dcsciibcd in ilcsc woids ol llagavad-gïia (2.2+):
"Tlc soul is cvcilasiing, all-pcivading, unclangcablc, immovablc, and cicinally
ilc samc."¯
In ilis vcisc ilc woid "saiva-gaial" (all-pcivading) iclcis io ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad. Tlc woid "saiva-gaia" may also iclci io an unclanging
aiomic individual soul wlo ialcs slclici (gaia) ol ilc ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad, wlo is cvciyiling (saiva). Tlc vcisc quoicd in ilc bcginning ol ilis
anucclcda was spolcn by ilc Pcisonilicd Vcdas.
Anuccheda 35
Tcxi 1
aila suddla-svaiupaivan niiya-niimalaivam udaliiam cva suddlo vicasic ly
avisuddla-laiiul iiy ancna.
aila-now; suddla-svaiupaivan-bccausc ol puiiiy; niiya-niimalaivam-cicinal
puiiiy; udaliiam-said; cva-indccd; suddlo vicasic ly avisuddla-laiiul iiy ancna-
Siïmad-llagavaiam 5.11.12.
Tlai ilc individual soul is cicinally puic in iis naiuic is dcsciibcd in ilcsc
woids ol Siïmad-llagavaiam (5.11.12):
"A pcison wlo is puic and libciaicd in ilis lilc can scc all ilcsc ilings vividly."
Tcxi 2
iaila icnaiva suddlasyapi jnaiiivam apy udaliiam. jnanam ca niiyasya
svablavila-dlaimaivan niiyam. aia cva na viliiyaimalam api. iaila caiianya-
sambandlcna dcladcl laiiiiva-daisanai. lvacid accianasya laiiiivam ca.
iaila-so; icna-by ilai; cva-indccd; suddlasya-puic; api-also; jnaiiivam-ilc
siaius ol bcing ilc lnowci; api-also; udaliiam-said; jnanam-lnowlcdgc; ca-and;
niiyasya-cicinal; svablavila-dlaimaivai-bccausc ol lis own naiuic; niiyam-
cicinal; aia cva-ilcicloic; na-noi; viliiyaimalam-subjccicd io clangc; api-also;
iaila-so; caiianya-sambandlcna-by consciousncss; dcladcl-bcginning wiil ilc
maiciial body; laiiiiva-ol bcingilc doci; daisanai-bccausc ol ilc sigli; lvacii-
somcwlcic; accianasya-unconscious; laiiiivam-ilc siaius ol bcing ilc doci; ca-
also.
Tlcsc woids cxplain ilai a soul wlo is puic can undcisiand ilc iiuil. A soul
wlo is cicinally puic lnows ilc cicinal iiuil. Sucl a soul is noi subjccicd io
vaiious linds ol maiciial iiansloimaiions. In ilis way a soul wlo is conscious ol
ilc iiuil acis in a paiiiculai way in iclaiion io lis maiciial body and ilc vaiious
ilings ol ilis woild. A pcison wlo is noi awaic ol ilc iiuil acis in a dillcicni way
in iclaiion io ilcsc ilings.
Tcxi 3
na iic ivai liiyaic lincanaic iiy adav aniaiyami-caiianya-sambandlcna
blavaiïiy angï-laiac ca suddlad cva laiiiivam piavaiiaic.
na-noi; iic-wiiloui; ivai-you; liiyaic-is donc; lincana-anyiling; aic-Ol; iii-
ilus; adav-bcginning; aniaiyami-ol ilc Supcisoul; caiianya-sambandlcna-wiil
awaicncss; blavaii-is; iii-ilus; angï-laiac-liom acccpiing; ca-and; suddlai-liom
puiiiy; cva-cciiainly; laiiiivam-ilc siaic ol bcing ilc doci; piavaiiaic-docs.
In ilc sciipiuics ii is said:
"O Loid, wiiloui Youi lclp no onc las ilc powci io do anyiling."
In ilis way ilc puic soul undcisiands ilc posiiion ol ilc Supcisoul, ilc ilc
Supcisoul is, uliimaicly, ilc ical doci ol aciiviiics.
Tcxi +
iad uliam dclcndiiya-piana-mano-dliyo 'mi yad-amsa-viddlal piacaianii
laimasu iii.
iai-ilai; uliam-said; dclcndiiya-piana-mano-dliyo 'mi yad-amsa-viddlal
piacaianii laimasu iii-Siïmad-llagavaiam 6.16.2+.
Tlis is also dcsciibcd in ilc lollowing woids ol Siïmad-llagavaiam (6.16.2+):
"As iion las ilc powci io buin wlcn madc icd-loi in ilc associaiion ol liic, so
ilc body, scnscs, living loicc, mind, and iniclligcncc, alilougl mcicly lumps ol
maiici, can lunciion in ilcii aciiviiics wlcn inluscd wiil a paiiiclc ol
consciousncss by ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad. As iion cannoi buin unlcss
lcaicd by liic, ilc bodily scnscs cannoi aci unlcss lavoicd by ilc Supicmc
lialman."¯
Tcxi 5
iai iupadli-piadlanycna piavaiiamanam upadli-dlaimaivcna vyapadisyaic.
iai-ilai; iu-bui; upadli-dcsignaiion; piadlanycna-by piimc impoiiancc;
piavaiiamanam-bcing so; upadli-dlaimaivcna-by ilc naiuic ol ilc dcsignaiion;
vyapadisyaic-will bc cxplaincd.
Tlc supciioi posiiion ol ilc maiciial naiuic is dcsciibcd in ilcsc woids ol
Siïmad-llagavaiam (3.26.S):
Tcxi 6
yaila laiya-laiana-laiiiivc laianam pialiiim vidul iiy adau.
yaila laiya-laiana-laiiiivc laianam pialiiim vidul iiy adau-Siïmad-
llagavaiam 3.26.S.
"Tlc causc ol ilc condiiioncd soul's body and scnscs and ilc scnscs' picsiding
dciiics, ilc dcmigods, is ilc maiciial naiuic. Tlis is undcisiood by lcaincd mcn.
Tlc lcclings ol lappincss and disiicss ol ilc soul, wlo is iiansccndcnial by naiuic,
aic causcd by ilc spiiii soul limscll."¯
Tcxi 7
paiamaima-piadlanycna piavaiiamanas iu niiupadlilam cvciy ala
paiamaima-piadlanycna-ilc uliimaic supciioiiiy ol ilc Supcisoul;
piavaiiamanal-bcing so; iu-indccd; niiupadlilam-licc liom maiici; cva-indccd;
iii-ilus; ala-said.
Abovc ilc maiciial naiuic is ilc Supcisoul. ly undcisianding ilc uliimaic
supciioiiiy ol ilc Supcisoul, ilc individual soul aiiains ilc iiansccndcnial siaic
wlcic lc is liccd liom ilc ioucl ol maiici. Tlis is dcsciibcd in Siïmad-
llagavaiam (11.25.26). wlcic ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad dcclaics:
Tcxi S
saiivilal laialo 'sangï
iagandlo iajasal smiial
iamasal smiii-vibliasio
niiguno mad-apasiayal
saiivilal-in ilc modc ol goodncss; laialal-a woilci; asangï-unaiiaclcd;
iagandlal-blindcd by passion; iajasal-in ilc modc ol passion; smiial-considcicd;
iamasal-in ilc modc ol ignoiancc; smiii-vibliasial-dcsiiuciion ol mcmoiy;
niigunal-liccd liom ilc ilicc modcs; mad-apasiayal-onc wlo ialcs slclici ol Mc.
"A woilci licc ol aiiaclmcni is in ilc modc ol goodncss, a woilci blindcd by
pcisonal dcsiic is in ilc modc ol passion, and a woilci wlo las complcicly
loigoiicn low io icll iigli liom wiong is in ilc modc ol ignoiancc. lui a woilci
wlo las ialcn slclici ol Mc is undcisiood io bc iiansccndcnial io ilc modcs ol
naiuic."¯¯¯
Tcxi 9
spasiam. siï-blagavan.
spasiam-clcai; siï-blagavan-ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad.
Tlc mcaning ol ilis vcisc is clcai. Tlis vcisc was spolcn by ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad.
Anuccheda 36
Tcxi 1
aila bloliiivam samvcdana-iupaivcna yaila iaila iaiiaiva cid-iupc
paiyavasyaiïiy ala
aila-now; bloliiivam-ilc siaic ol bcing ilc cnjoyci; samvcdana-iupaivcna-by
pciccpiion; yaila-as; iaila-so; iaiia-ilcic; cva-indccd; cid-iupc-in consciousncss;
paiyavasyaii-concludcs; iii-ilus; ala-said.
Tlai ilc spiiii soul cxpciicnccs ilc vaiious pciccpiions ollcicd in ilc maiciial
woild is dcsciibcd in ilcsc woids ol Siïmad-llagavaiam (3.26.S):
Tcxi 2
bloliiivc sulla-dulllanam puiusam pialiicl paiam iii.
bloliiivc sulla-dulllanam puiusam pialiicl paiam iii-Siïmad-llagavaiam
3.26.S.
"Tlc lcclings ol lappincss and disiicss ol ilc soul, wlo is iiansccndcnial by
naiuic, aic causcd by ilc spiiii soul limscll."¯
Tcxi 3
laianam vidul iii puivcnaivanvayal. siï-lapiladcval.
laianam-ilc causc; vidul-ilc lcaincd undcisiand; iii-ilus; puivcna-by ilc
picvious; cva-indccd; anvayal-ilc mcaning; siï-lapiladcval-Loid Kapiladcva.
Tlc pliasc ilai picccdcs ilcsc woids is "laianam vidul" (lcaincd mcn lnow
ilis is ilc causc). Tlis vcisc was spolcn by Loid Kapiladcva.
Anuccheda 37
Tcxi 1
aila paiamaimaila-scsaiva-sva-blavas ccii vyallycyam. clal paiamaimano
'nyal scso 'msal. sa casau sa ca cla-scsal. paiamaimana cla-scsal paiamaimaila-
scsal. iasya blavas iaiivam iad cva sva-blaval pialiiii yasya sa paiamaimaila-
scsaiva-sva-blaval. iaila-bluias cayam saivada molsa-dasayam apïiy aiilal.
ciadisaivam casya svaial sva-iupaia cva. na iu paiicclcdadina.
aila-now; paiamaima-ol ilc Supcisoul; cla-scsaiva-sva-blaval-an clascsa-
samasa; ca-also; iii-ilus; vyallycyam-cxplaincd; clal-onc; paiamaimanal-ol ilc
Supcisoul; anyal-anoilci; scsal-ilc icmaining onc; amsal-ilc paii; sa-also; ca-
and; asau-lc; sa-lc; ca-and; cla-scsal-clascsa; paiamaimana-ol ilc Supcisoul;
cla-scsal-clascsa; paiamaimaila-scsal-an clascsa ol ilc Supcisoul; iasya-ol Him;
blaval-ilc naiuic; iaiivam-ilc iiuil; iai-ilai; cva-indccd; sva-blaval-own naiuic;
pialiiil-naiuic; yasya-ol wlom; sa-Hc; paiamaimaila-scsaiva-sva-blaval-an
clascsa ol ilc Supcisoul; iaila-bluial-lilc ilai; ca-also; ayam-Hc; saivada-always;
molsa-dasayam-in ilc condiiion ol bcing libciaicd; api-also; iii-ilus; aiilal-ilc
mcaning; ciadisaivam-ilc siaic ol bcing lilc ilai; ca-also; asya-ol lim; svaial-
pcisonally; sva-iupaia-by lis own naiuic; cva-indccd; na-noi; iu-bui; paiicclcda-
limiiaiion; adina-bcginning.
Siïla Siïdlaia Svamï commcnis on ilis vcisc:
"Tlis is an clascsa-samasa wiil ilc Supcisoul as ilc liisi mcmbci ol ilc
compound."
In ilis clascsa-samasa ilc cla is ilc Supcisoul and ilc scsa is ilc paii-and-
paiccl living cniiiy. In ilis compound woid ilc naiuic ol ilc Supcisoul is
dcsciibcd. Hcic ii is said ilai ilc Supcisoul is cicinally licc liom ilc ioucl ol
maiici. Tlai is His naiuic. Hc is ncvci subjccicd io maiciial limiiaiions.
Noic: An clascsa-samasa is a singlc woid ilai iclcis io iwo pcisons. Tlc woid
"puiusam" (ilc pcison) in ilc picvious icxi quoicd liom Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad is ilc clascsa-samasa iclciicd io lcic. Tlis woid iclcis io boil ilc
Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad and ilc individual spiiii soul.
Tcxi 2
iadïya-svablavilaciniya-saliya svablavila-iadïya-iasmi-paiamanu-silanïyaivai
aupadlilavasilayam iv amscna pialiii-scsaivam api blavaiïii ca svaia iiy asya
blaval.
iadïya-ol Him; svablavila-naiuic; aciniya-inconccivablc; saliya-wiil ilc
poicncy; svablavila-naiuic; iadïya-ol Him; iasmi-iays ol ligli; paiamanu-aiom;
silanïyaivai-ol ilc condiiion; aupadlila-ol maiici; avasilayam-in ilc condiiion;
iv-indccd; amscna-as a paii; pialiii-naiuic; scsaivam-ilc cnding; api-also; blavaii-
is; iii-ilus; ca-also; svaia-pcisonally; iii-ilus; asya-ol ilis; blaval-ilc mcaning.
ly His inconccivablc poicncy ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad manilcsis
ilc individual souls, wlo aic His paiis and paiccls and wlo aic lilc aiomic
paiiiclcs ol ligli manilcsicd liom Him. lccausc ilc individual souls aic ilus paiis
ol ilc Supicmc Loid, ilc usc ol an clascsa-samsa lcic is appiopiiaic.
Tcxi 3
salii-iupaivam casya iaiasila-saliy-aimalaivai. iaila iadïya-iasmi-silanïyaivc
'pi niiya-iad-asiayiivai iad-vyaiiiclcna vyaiiiclai lciui jïvo 'sya saigadcl iiy
anusaicna jagai-sisiau iai-sadlanaivai. diavya-iupaivc 'pi piadlana-samyac
cavagamyaic.
salii-iupaivam-ilc naiuic ol ilc poicncy; ca-and; asya-ol Him; iaiasila-saliy-
aimalaivai-bccausc ol bcing ilc maiginal poicncy; iaila-so; iadïya-iasmi-
silanïyaivc-bccausc ol bcinmg paiiclcs ol ligli; api-also; niiya-iad-asiayiivai-
bccausc ol ialing slclici ol Him cicinally; iad-vyaiiiclcna-by bcing dillcicni liom
Him; vyaiiiclai-bccausc ol dillcicncc; lciul-ilc causc; jïval-ilc individual spiiii
soul; asya-ol Him; saigadcl-bcginning wiil cicaiion; iii-ilus; anusaicna-by
lollowing; jagai-sisiau-in ilc cicaiion ol ilc maiciial woild; iai-sadlanaivai-
bccausc ol ilai mcilod; diavya-iupaivc-in ilc naiuic ol ilc iling; api-also;
piadlana-ol ilc mosi impoiiani; samyai-bccausc ol lilcncss; ca-also; avagamyaic-
is lnown.
Tlc individual spiiii soul is ilc maiginal poicncy ol ilc Supicmc Loid. Tlc
soul is a paiiiclc ol ligli manilcsicd liom ilc Loid. Tlc soul cicinally icsis wiilin
ilc Loid. In ilcsc ways ilc individual soul is dillcicni liom ilc Supicmc Loid.
Siill, in oilci ways, ilc individual soul is cciiainly lilc ilc Loid. Tlc individual
soul cvcn slaics, io an cxicni, ilc Loid's aciiviiy ol cicaiing ilc maiciial woild.
Tlis is sccn in ilc lollowing woids ol Siïmad-llagavaiam (12.7.1S):
"Oui ol ignoiancc ilc living cniiiy pciloims maiciial aciiviiics and ilcicby
bccomcs in onc scnsc ilc causc ol ilc cicaiion, mainicnancc, and dcsiiuciion ol
ilc univcisc."¯¯¯
Tcxi +
uliam ca pialiii-viscsaivcna iasya saliiivam
visnu-saliil paia piolia
lsciiajnallya iailapaia
avidya laima-samjnanya
iiiïya saliii isyaic. iii.
uliam-said; ca-also; pialiii-viscsaivcna-a spccilic poicncy; iasya-ol Him;
saliiivam-ilc siaic oil bcing a poicncy; visnu-saliil-ilc poicncy ol Loid Visnu;
paia-spiiiiual; piolia-ii is said; lsciiajnallya-ilc poicncy lnown as lsciiajna;
iaila-as wcll as; paia-spiiiiual; avidya-ignoiancc; laima-liuiiivc aciiviiics; samjna-
lnown as; anya-oilci; iiiïya-iliid; saliil-poicncy; isyaic-lnown ilus; iii-ilus.
Tlc individual spiiii souls aic also a spccilic poicncy ol ilc Supicmc Loid. Tlis
is dcsciibcd in ilc lollowing woids ol Visnu Puiana (6.7.61 and 63):
"Tlc poicncy ol Loid Visnu is summaiizcd in ilicc caicgoiics: namcly ilc
spiiiiual poicncy, ilc living cniiiics, and ignoiancc. Tlc spiiiiual poicncy is lull ol
lnowlcdgc, ilc living cniiiics, alilougl bclonging io ilc spiiiiual poicncy, aic
subjcci io bcwildcimcni, and ilc iliid cncigy, wlicl is lull ol ignoiancc, is always
visiblc in liuiiivc aciiviiics."¯
Tcxi 5
iaya iiioliiaivac ca
saliil lsciiajna-samjniia
saiva-bluicsu blupala
iaiaiamycna vaiiaic
iii ca visnu-puianc.
iaya-by lci; iiioliiaivac-liom bcing liccd liom ilc inllucncc; ca-also; saliil-ilc
poicncy; lsciiajna-lsciiajna; samjniia-lnown by il cnamc; saiva-bluicsu-in
dillcicni iypcs ol bodics; blupala-O ling; iaiaiamycna-in dillcicni dcgiccs;
vaiiaic-cxisis; iii-ilus; ca-and; visnu-puianc-in Visnu Puiana.
"Tlis living cniiiy, covcicd by ilc inllucncc ol ncscicncc, cxisis in dillcicni
loims in ilc maiciial cicaiion. O ling, lc is ilus piopoiiionaicly liccd liom ilc
inllucncc ol maiciial cncigy, io gicaici oi lcssci dcgiccs."¯
Tcxi 6
blumii apo 'nalo vayul iiy adau blinna pialiiii asiadla iiy aniaiam.
blumii apo 'nalo vayul iiy adau blinna pialiiii asiadla iiy aniaiam-llagavad-
giia 7.+-5).
Tlai ilc individual spiiii souls aic a poicncy ol ilc Loid also dcsciibcd by ilc
Loid Himscll in ilcsc woids (llagavad-gïia 7.+-5):
"Laiil, waici, liic, aii, cilci, mind, iniclligcncc, and lalsc-cgo, aliogcilci ilcsc
cigli compiisc My scpaiaicd maiciial cncigics.¯
Tcxi 7
apaicyam iias iv anyam
pialiiim viddli mc paiam
jïva-bluiam mala-balo
yaycdam dlaiyaic jagai
iii siï-gïiopanisaisu ca.
apaia-inlciioi; iyam-ilis; iial-bcsidcs ilis; iv-bui; anyam-anoilci; pialiiim-
cncigy; viddli-jusi iiy io undcisiand; mc-My; paiam-supciioi; jïva-bluiam-ilc
living cniiiics; mala-balal-O migliy-aimcd onc; yaya-by wlom; idam-ilis;
dlaiyaic-bcing uiilizcd oi cxploiicd; jagai-ilc maiciial woild; iii-ilus; siï-
gïiopanisaisu-in llagavad-giia; ca-also.
"lcsidcs ilis inlciioi naiuic, O migliy-aimcd Aijuna, ilcic is a supciioi cncigy
ol Minc, wlicl aic all living cniiiics wlo aic siiuggling wiil maiciial naiuic and
aic susiaining ilc univcisc."¯
Tcxi S
visnu-saliil paia piolia iiy adi visnu-puiana-vacanc iu iisinam cva piilal-
saliiiva-niidcsai lsciiajnasyavidya-laima-sambandlcnaiva saliiivam iii paiasiam.
liniu sva-iupcnaivciy ayaiam.
visnu-saliil paia piolia iiy adi visnu-puiana-vacanc-in ilc siaicmcni ol Visnu
Puiana 6.7.61; iu-bui; iisinam-ol ilicc; cva-indccd; piilal-saliiiva-niidcsai-
bccausc ol ilc dcsciipiion ol disiinci poicncics; lsciiajnasya-ol lsciiajna; avidya-
ol ignmoiancc; laima-sambandlcna-in iclaiionslip wiil liuiiivc aciions; cva-
indccd; saliiivam-ilc siaius ol poicncy; iii-ilus; paia-supciioi; asiam-is; liniu-
lowcvci; sva-own; iupcna-loim; cva-indccd; iii-ilus; ayaiam-aiiaincd.
In Visnu Puiana 6.7.61 (quoicd lcic in icxi + ol ilis anucclcda) ilicc disiinci
poicncics aic dcsciibcd. Tlcic ii is siaicd ilai cvcn wlcn iiis in coniaci wiil ilc
poicncy ol ignoiancc and liuiiivc aciiviiics, ilc lsciiajna poicncy, oi ilc
individual souls, aic always paii ol ilc Loid's spiiiiual (paia) poicncy.
Tcxi 9
iaila ca siï-blagavad-gïiayam mamaivamsal iii.
iaila-so; ca-and; siï-blagavad-gïiayam-in Siï llagavad-giia; mamaivamsal iii-
llagavad-giia 15.7.
Indccd, ilc individual spiiii souls aic all paii-and-paiccl ol ilc Supicmc Loid
Himscll. Tlis is conliimcd in llagavad-gïia (15.7), wlcic ilc Supicmc Loid
dcclaics:
"Tlc living cniiiics in ilis condiiioncd woild aic My cicinal liagmcnial paiis."¯
Tcxi 10
aia cva apaicyam iias iv anyam iiy uliam.
aia cva-ilcicloic; apaicyam iias iv anyam iii-in llagavad-giia 7.5; uliam-said.
Tlai ilc individual spiiii souls aic a spiiiiual poicncy ol ilc Loid is again
alliimcd by ilc Loid in ilcsc woids (llagavad-gïia 7.5):
"lcsidcs ilis inlciioi naiuic, O migliy-aimcd Aijuna, ilcic is a supciioi cncigy
ol Minc, wlicl aic all living cniiiics wlo aic siiuggling wiil maiciial naiuic and
aic susiaining ilc univcisc."¯
Tcxi 11
lsciiajna cia manaso vibluiïl iiy adau lsciiajna-sabdas ca suddlc 'pi
piavaiiaic. lsciia-sabdasyopalalsana-maiiaivai.
lsciiajna cia manaso vibluiïl iiy adau-Siïmad-llagavaiam 5.11.12; lsciiajna-
sabdal-ilc woid lsciiajna; ca-also; suddlc-puic; api-indccd; piavaiiaic-is; lsciia-
sabdasya-ol ilc woid lsciia; upalalsana-maiiaivai-bccausc ol bcing a singlc onc
sianding loi ilc wlolc.
In Siïmad-llagavaiam 5.11.12 ilc woid "lsciiajna" is uscd io dcsciibc ilc
individual spiiii souls. Lvcn ilc libciaicd souls aic dcsciibcd ilcic by ilai woid.
Tlc woid lsciiajna" is lcic in ilc singulai, cvcn ilougl all ilc spiiii souls aic
mcani.
Tcxi 12
iad cvam saliiivc 'py anyaivam asya iaiasilaivai. iaiasilaivam ca maya-saliy-
aiïiaivai. asyavidya-paia-blavadi-iupcna doscna paiamaimano lcpablavac
coblaya-loiav apiavcsai.
iai-ilai; cvam-ilus; saliiivc-as a poicncy; api-also; anyaivam-bcing anoilci;
asya-ol lim; iaiasilaivai-bccausc ol bcing ilc maiginal poicncy; iaiasilaivam-ilc
siaic ol bcing ilc maiginal poicncy; ca-and; maya-saliy-aiïiaivai-bccausc ol bcing
bcyond ilc maya poicncy; asya-ol lim; avidya-paia-blava-ilc siaic ol bcing
bcyond ignoiancc; adi-bcginning; iupcna-by ilc loim; doscna-wiil ilc dclcci;
paiamaimanal-ol ilc Supcisoul; lcpa-conmiaci; ablavac-bccausc ol ilc abscncc;
ca-and; ublaya-boil; loiau-on ilc boidci; apiavcsai-bccausc ol noi cniciing.
lccausc Hc is ilc maiginal poicncy, ilc individual soul is dillcicni liom ilc
Loid. lccausc lc is supciioi io ilc maya poicncy ol maiciial ignoiancc, ilc
individual soul is callcd ilc maiginal poicncy. lccausc lis posiiion is on ilc
boidci bciwccn ilc naiuic ol ilc poicncy ol maiciial ignoiancc and ilc naiuic ol
ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad, ilc individual spiiii soul is callcd ilc
maiginal poicncy.
Tcxi 13
iasya iac-claliiivc saiy api paiamaimanas ial-lcpablavas ca yaila lvacid cla-
dcsa-silc iasmau clayaya iiiasliic 'pi suiyasyaiiiaslaias iadvai.
iasya-ol lim; iac-claliiivc-as ilc poicncy ol ilc Loid; saii-bcing so; api-cvcn;
paiamaimanal-ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; ial-lcpablaval-wiiloui
coniaci; ca-also; yaila-as; lvacii-somcwlcic; cla-dcsa-silc-in onc placc; iasmau-in
ligli; clayaya-by sladow; iiiasliic-cclipscd; api-cvcb; suiyasya-od ilc sun;
aiiiaslaial-noi cclipscd; iadvai-ilcn
Lvcn ilougl lc is ilc Loid's poicncy, ilc individual soul is noi lilc ilc Loid in
all icspccis. As an oidinaiy objcci may somciimcs bc covcicd by a sladow, bui ilc
sun is ncvci covcicd by a sladow, in ilc samc way ilc individual soul may bc
bcwildcicd by ilc illusoiy poicncy maya, bui ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad
is ncvci bcwildcicd.
Tcxi 1+
uliam ca iaiasilaivam siï-naiada-pancaiaiic
yai iaiasilam iu cid-iupam
sva-samvcdyad viniigaiam
ianjiiam guna-iagcna
sa jïva iii lailyaic. iiy adau.
uliam-said; ca-also; iaiasilaivam-ilc siaic ol bcing ilc maiginal poicncy; siï-
naiada-pancaiaiic-in Siï Naiada-pancaiaiia; yai-wlai; iaiasilam-maiginal; iu-
indccd; cid-iupam-spiiiiual in naiuic; sva-samvcdyai-bccausc ol scll-awaicncss;
viniigaiam-gonc away; ianjiiam-agiiaicd; guna-ol ilc modcs; iagcna-by dcsiic; sa-
lc; jïva-ilc individual spiiii soul; iii-ilus; lailyaic-is said; iii-ilus; adau-
bcginning.
Tlai ilc individual soul is ilc Loid's maiginal poicncy is also conliimcd by
ilcsc woids ol Siï Naiada-pancaiaiia:
"Tlc Loid's maiginal poicncy, wlicl is spiiiiual, conscious, and liablc io ilc
coniaminaiion ol ilc maiciial modcs, is callcd ilc individual soul."
Tcxi 15
aio visnu-puianc 'py aniaiala cva pailiio 'sau. anyaivam ca siuiau asman mayi
sijaic visvam ciai iasmims canyo mayaya sanniiuddlal. iayoi anyal pippalam
svadv aiii iiy adau.
aial-ilc n; visnu-puianc-in Visnu Puiana; api-also; aniaiala-maiginal; cva-
indccd; pailiial-icad; asau-ilis; anyaivam-ilc siaic ol bcing somconc clsc; ca-also;
siuiau-in ilc Siuii-sasiia; asman-liom Him; mayi-ilci masici ol maya; sijaic-
cicaics; visvam-ilc univcisc; ciai-ilis; iasmiml-in ilis; ca-and; anyal-anoilci;
mayaya-byilc maya poicncy; sanniiuddlal-sioppcd; iayol-ol ilcm; anyal-
anoilci; pippalam-ilc pippala liuii; svadv-swcci; aiii-cais; iii-ilus; adau-
bcginning.
Tlai ilc individual soul and ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad aic dillcicni
is also conliimcd by ilc lollowing woids ol ilc Svciasvaiaia Upanisad (+.9):
"Simply by siudying ilc Vcdas ii is vciy dilliculi loi ilc condiiioncd soul,
illusioncd by maya and iiappcd in ilc maiciial woild, io undcisiand ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad, ilc coniiollci ol ilc illusoiy poicncy and ilc cicaioi ol
ilc maiciial univciscs."¯
Tlis is also conliimcd by ilc lollowing woids ol Mundala Upanisad (3.1.1)
and Svciasvaiaia Upanisad (+.6-7):
"In ilc individual spiiii soul and ilc Supcisoul, Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad, aic lilc iwo liicndly biids siiiing on ilc samc iicc. Onc ol ilc biids (ilc
individual aiomic soul) is caiing ilc liuii ol ilc iicc (ilc scnsc giaiilicaiion
alloidcd by ilc maiciial body), and ilc oilci biid (ilc Supcisoul) is noi iiying io
cai ilcsc liuiis, bui is simply waicling His liicnd.¯
Tcxi 16
aia cvoliam vaisnavc
viblcda-janalc 'jnanc
nasam aiyaniilam gaic
aimano bialmano blcdam
asaniam lal laiisyaii. iii.
aia cva-ilcicloic; uliam-said; vaisnavc-in ilc Visnu Puiana; viblcda-ol
bcwildcimcni; janalc-in ilc causc; ajnanc-ignoiancc; nasam-dcsiiuciion;
aiyaniilam-gicai; gaic-aiiaincd; aimanal-ol ilc scll; bialmanal-ol iilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; blcdam-dillcicncc; asaniam-noi iiuc; lal-wlo';
laiisyaii-will do; iii-ilus.
Tlis is also conliimcd by ilc lollowing woids ol Visnu Puiana (6.7.9+):
"Wlcn ilc lalsc idcas aboui ilc dillcicncc ol ilc soul aic complcicly dispcllcd,
wlo will icluic ilc siaicmcni ilai ilc individual soul and ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy
ol Godlcad aic dillcicni'"
Tcxi 17
dcvaiva-manusyaivadi-lalsano viscsaio yo blcdas iasya janalc 'py ajnanc
nasam gaic bialmanal paiamaimanal salsad aimano jïvasya yo blcdal
svablavilas iam blcdam asaniam lal laiisyaii. api iu saniam vidyamanam cva
saiva cva laiisyaiïiy aiilal.
dcvaiva-manusyaivadi-bcginning ciil ilc siaius ol a dcmigod oi a luman
bcing; lalsanal-naiuic; viscsaial-disiinguislcd; yal-wlicl; blcdal-dillcicncc;
iasya-ol ilai; janalc-ilc cicaioi; api-cvcn; ajnanc-ignoiancc; nasam-dcsiiuciion;
gaic-aiiaincd; bialmanal-ol ilc lialman; paiamaimanal-ol ilc Supcisoul; salsai-
diiccily; aimanal-ol ilc scll; jïvasya-individual soul; yal-wlicl; blcdal-
dillcicncvc; svablavilal-naiuic; iam-ilai; blcdam-dillcicncc; asaniam-uniiuc;
lal-wlo; laiisyaii-wiull malc; api-also; iu-indccd; saniam-iiuc; vidyamanam-
bcing so; cva-indccd; saiva-all; cva-indccd; laiisyaii-will malc; iii-ilus; aiilal-ilc
mcaning.
Hcic ilc woids "viblcda-janalc 'jnanc nasam gaic" mcan "wlcn ilc illusion ol
ilinling ilai ilc dcmigods, luman bcings, and oilci spccics ol lilc lavc dillcicni
linds ol souls is complcicly dispcllcd". Hcic bialmanal" mcans "ol ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad", and "aimanal" mcans "ol ilc individual spiiii soul".
"llcdam asaniam lal laiisyaii" mcans "Tlai ilc individual soul and ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad aic dillcicni is ilc iiuil. Lvciyonc lnows ilai ii is iiuc."
Tcxi 1S
uiiaiaiia pailc nasaniam iiy ciasya vidlcyaivad anyailaiilal. lasia-sisia cvcii
molsa-dasayam api iad-amsaivavyablicaial sva-blavila-saliiivad cva.
uiiaiaiia-laici; pailc-in ilc icading; na-noi; asaniam-uniiuc; iii-ilus; ciasya-ol
ilis; vidlcyaivai-io bc siaicd; anyaila-anoilci; aiilal-mcaning; lasia-ol cvil and
sullciing; sisia-cicaicd; cva-indccd; iii-ilus; molsa-dasayam-in ilc condiiion ol
ilc libciaicd; api-also; iad-amsaiva-bcing a paii and paiccl lo ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; avyablicaial-noi clanging; sva-blavila-saliiivai-bccausc
ol bcing a poicncy ol ilc Loid; cva-indccd.
An alicinaic icading ol ilis icxi givcs ilc woids nasaniam" insicad ol
"asaniam" Il ilis alicinaic icading is acccpicd, ilc lasi paii ol ilis vcisc slould bc
inicipicicd in a dillcicni way. Tlcn ii mcans, "lccausc lc is onc ol ilc Loid's
poicncics, cvcn alici aiiaining libciaiion ilc soul icmains always paii-and-paiccl
ol ilc Loid."
Tcxi 19
aia cvavidya-vimolsa-puivala-svaiupavasiliii-lalsanayam muliau ial-lïnasya
iai-sadlaimyapaiiii blavaii
aia cva-ilcicloic; avidya-ignoiancc; vimolsa-libciaiion; puivala-bcloic;
svaiupa-own loim; avasiliii-siiuaiion; lalsanayam-in ilc naiuic; muliau-
libciaicd; ial-lïnasya-mcigcd inio Him; iai-sadlaimyapaiiil-aiiainmcni ol His
naiuic; blavaii-is.
Wlcn lc bccomcs licc liom ignoiancc and siiuaicd in lis oiiginal
consiiiuiional posiiion, ilc soul is said io bc libciaicd. In ilis libciaicd condiiion
lis spiiiiual naiuic is lilc ilai ol ilc Loid Himscll. Tlis is dcsciibcd in ilc
lollowing woids ol Mundala Upanisad (3.2.9):
Tcxi 20
niianjanal paiamam samyam upaiii iiy adi siuiiblyal.
niianjanal-licc liom maiici; paiamam-supicmc; samyam-cqualiiy; upaiii-
aiiains; iii-ilus; adi-bcginning; siuiiblyal-liom ilc Siuii-sasiias.
"Wlcn lc is libciaicd liom ilc giip ol maiici, ilc individual soul aiiains a
spiiiiual naiuic lilc ilai ol ilc Supicmc Loid Himscll."
Tcxi 21
idam jnanam upasiiiya
mama sadlaimyam agaial
saigc 'pi nopajayanic
pialayc na vyailanii ca
iii siï-gïiopanisadblyas ca.
idam-ilis; jnanam-lnowlcdgc; upasiiiya-ialing slclici ol; mama-My;
sadlaimyam-naiuic; agaial-aiiaincd; saigc 'pi-cvcn in ilc cicaiion; na-ncvci;
upajayanic-comcs in ; pialayc-in ilc annililaiion; na-noi; vyailanii-disiuibcd; ca-
also; iii-ilus; siï-gïiopanisadblyal-liom Siï llagavad-giia; ca-also.
Tlis is also conliimcd by ilc lollowing woids ol llagavad-gïia (1+.2), wlcic
ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad dcclaics:
"ly bccoming lixcd in ilis lnowlcdgc, onc can aiiain io ilc iiansccndcnial
naiuic, wlicl is lilc My own naiuic. Tlus csiablislcd, onc is noi boin ai ilc iimc
ol cicaiion noi disiuibcd ai ilc iimc ol dissoluiion."¯
Tcxi 22
aia cva bialma vcda bialmaiva blavaii iiy adisu ca bialma-iadaimyam cva
bodlayaii. svcnacinianïya-jnanam blavaii.
aia cva-ilcicloic; bialma-ilc supicmc; vcda-lnows; bialma-lilc ilc Supicmc;
cva-indccd; blavaii-bccomcs; iii-ilus; adisu-bcginning; ca-also; bialma-
iadaimyam-a naiuic lilc ilai ol ilc Supicmc; cva-indccd; bodlayaii-icaclcs;
svcna-own; acinianïya-inconccivablc; jnanam-lnowlcdgc; blavaii-is.
Tlis is also conliimcd by ilc lollowing woids ol Mundala Upanisad (3.2.9):
"A pcison wlo undcisiands ilc Supicmc aiiains a spiiiiual naiuic lilc ilai ol
ilc Supicmc."
Tlcsc woids icacl ilai ilc soul aiiains a spiiiiual naiuic lilc ilai ol ilc
Supicmc. In ilis way onc comcs io undcisiand somciling ol ilc inconccivablc
Loid.
Tcxi 23
iai-svablavyapaiiil upapaiicl iii-vai.
iai-svablavya-ol His naiuic; apaiiil-aiiainmcni; upapaiicl-Vcdania-suiia
3.2.36; iii-ilus; vai-lilc.
Tlai ilc libciaicd soul aiiains a spiiiiual naiuic lilc ilai ol ilc Loid is also
conliimcd by ilc lollowing woids ol Vcdania-suiia (3.2.36):
"Tlis is iiuc, loi ii is icasonablc and logical."
Tcxi 2+
iad cvam saliiivc siddlc salii-saliimaiol paiaspaianupiavcsai saliimad-
vyaiiiclc salii-vyaiiiclai ciiivaviscsac ca lvacid ablcda-niidcsa clasminn api
vasiuni salii-vaividlya-daisanad blcda-niidcsas ca nasamanjasal. siï-iamanujïyas
iu adlisilanadlisilaiioi api jïvcsayoi blcda-vyapadcso vyalii-jaiyoi gavadi-
vyapadcsa-vad iii manyanic.
iai-ilai; cvam-ilus; saliiivc-in ilc posiiion ol bcing a poicncy; siddlc-piovcd;
salii-saliimaiol-ol ilc poicncy and ilc masici ol poicncics; paiaspaia-muiual;
anupiavcsai-liom cniiancc; saliimai-liom ilc masici ol poicncics; vyaiiiclc-
dillcicni; salii-vyaiiiclai-dillcicni liom ilc poicncy; ciiiva-considciing; aviscsac-
liom non-dillcicncc; ca-and; lvacii-somcwlcic; ablcda-ol non-dillcicncc; niidcsa-
icacling; clasminn-in ojnc placc; api-also; vasiuni-iling; salii-ol poicncics;
vaividlya-vaiiciy; daisanai-liom sccing; blcda-niidcsal-icacling ol dillcicncc; ca-
also; na-noi; asamanjasal-impiopci;. siï-iamanujïyal-ilc lollowcis ol Siï
Ramanujacaiya; iu-bui; adlisilana-ol ilc csiablislcd; adlisilaiiol-ol ilc pcison
wlo csiablislcs; api-also; jïva-ol ilc individual soul; ïsayol-ol ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; blcda-ol dillcicncc; vyapadcsal-icacling; vyalii-
manilcsiaiion; jaiyol-ol biiil; gavadi-bcginning ciil cows; vyapadcsa-icacling;
vai-lilcw; iii-ilus; manyanic-considcicd.
In ilis way ii is piovcd ilai ilc individual souls aic poicncics ol ilc Supicmc
Loid. Tlc poicncy and ilc masici ol poicncics lavc a closc iclaiionslip. Siill, ilc
poicncics aic dillcicni liom ilc masici ol poicncics, and ilc masici ol poicncics is
dillcicni liom His poicncics. Tlcn again, in anoilci scnsc ilcy aic noi dillcicni
liom cacl oilci. Tlcn again, bccausc ilcic aic many dillcicni poicncics, and ilus
spiiiiual vaiiciy is vciy ical, ii is noi wiong io discuss ilc dillcicnccs ilai cxisi
wiilin ilc spiiiiual icaliiy. Tlc lollowcis ol Siï Ramanujacaiya also alliim ilai ilc
cicaioi and His cicaiion aic cciiainly dillcicni, ilai ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad and ilc individual spiiii soul aic cciiainly dillcicni, ilai ilc wlolc and
ilc paii aic dillcicni, and ilai, loi cxamplc, a singlc cow and ilc sum ioial ol all
cows aic dillcicni.
Tcxi 25
yaial siï-visnu-puianc
yo 'yam iavagaio dcva
samïpam dcvaia-ganal
sa ivam cva jagai-siasia
yaial saiva-gaio blavan. iii.
yaial-bccausc; siï-visnu-puianc-in Siï Visnu Puiana; yal-wlo; ayam-lc; iava-io
You; agaial-appioaclcd; dcva-O Loid; samïpam-ncai; dcvaia-ganal-dcmigods; sa-
lc; ivam-You; cva-indccd; jagai-siasia-ilc cicaioi ol ilc univcisc; yaial-bccausc;
saiva-gaial-all-pcivading; blavan-You; iii-ilus.
Tlai ilc individual spiiii souls and ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad aic
dillcicni is also conliimcd by ilc lollowing piayci in Siï Visnu Puiana (1.9.69):
"Wlocvci comcs bcloic You, bc lc a dcmigod, is cicaicd by You, O Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad."¯
Tcxi 26
siï-gïiasu ca saivam samapnosi iaio pi saival iii.
siï-gïiasu ca saivam samapnosi iaio pi saival iii-in llagavad-giia 11.+0.
Tlis is also conliimcd by ilc lollowing woids ol Siï llagavad-gïia (11.+0):
"O Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad, You aic all-pcivading, and ilus You aic
cvciyiling!"¯
Tcxi 27
iaiia jnanccclun piaii sasiiam ablcdam upadisaii blaliïcclun piaii iu blcdam
cva. lvacii iu paiamaima-piaiibimbaivam yad asya siuyaic yaila
iaiia-ilcic; jnana-lnowlcdgc; icclun-dcsiiing; piaii-io; sasiiam-sciipiuic;
ablcdam-noi dillcicni; upadisaii-icaclcs; blalii-dcvoiional scivicc; icclun-
dcsiiing; piaii-io; iu-bui; blcdam-dillcicncc; cva-indccd; lvacii-somcwlcic; iu-
bui; paiamaima-ol ilc Supcisoul; piaiibimbaivam-icllcciion; yai-wlai; asya-ol
Him; siuyaic-is lcaii; yaila-as.
To pcisons wlo dcsiic impcisonal lnowlcdgc, ilc sciipiuics icacl ilai ilc
Supicmc and ilc individual souls aic noi dillcicni. To pcisons wlo dcsiic io scivc
ilc Loid in dcvoiional scivicc, ilc sciipiuics icacl ilai ilc Supicmc and
individual souls aic dillcicni. In somc placcs ilc sciipiuics dcclaic ilai ilc
individual souls aic icllcciions ol ilc Supicmc. An cxamplc ol ilis is lound in ilc
lollowing woids ol Siïmad-llagavaiam (+.2S.63):
Tcxi 2S
yaila puiusa aimanam
clam adaisa-calsusol
dvidlabluiam avclscia
iailaivaniaiam avayol. iii.
yaila-as; puiusa-ilc living cniiiy; aimanam-lis body; clam-onc; adaisa-in am
miiioi; calsusol-by ilc cycs; dvidlabluiam-cxisiing as iwo; avclscia-sccs; iaila-
similaily; cva-cciiainly; aniaiam-dillcicncc; avayol-bciwccn ouisclvcs; iii-ilus.
"As a pcison sccs ilc icllcciion ol lis body in a miiioi io bc onc wiil limscll
and noi dillcicni, wlcicas oilcis aciually scc iwo bodics, so in oui maiciial
condiiion, in wlicl ilc living bcing is allccicd and yci noi allccicd, ilcic is a
dillcicncc bciwccn God and ilc living cniiiy."¯
Tcxi 29
iad api jnanccclun piaiy ablcda-disii-posanaiilam cvocyaic. na vasiava-
viiiyaiva piaiibimbaivcna.
iad api-ncvciilclcss; jnanccclun piaii-io pcisons wlo dcsiic impcisonal
lnowlcdgc; ablcda-disii-ilc vision ol bcing noi dillcicni; posanaiilam-in iodci io
incicasc; cva-indccd; ucyaic-is said; na-noi; vasiava-viiiya-wiil icaliiy; cva-indccd;
piaiibimbaivcna-ilc siaic ol bcing a icllcciion
Alilougl, in oidci io cncouiagc ilc impcisonalisis in ilcii idca ilai ilcy ilcy
aic noi dillcicni liom ilc Loid, ii may somciimcs bc said ilai ilc individual souls
aic icllcciions ol ilc Loid, ilai idca is noi ically iiuc. Tlc individual souls aic noi
icllcciions ol ilc Loid.
Tcxi 30
advaya-vada-guiu-maic 'pi ambu-vad agialanai iii nyaya-viiodlad viddli-
liasa-blalivam aniai-blavad ublaya-samanjasyad cvam iii nyaycna yaila-
lailancii piaiibimba-sadisya-maiiangï-laiac ca.
advaya-vada-guiu-maic-in ilc opinion ol ilc impciosnnalisi guius; api-cvcn;
ambu-vad agialanai iii-Vcdania-suiia 3.2.19; nyaya-Vcdania; viiodlai-bccausc ol
coniiadiciion; viddli-liasa-blalivam aniai-blavad ublaya-samanjasyad cvam iii
nyaycna-Vcdania-suiia 3.2.20; yaila-lailancii-somclow; piaiibimba-icllcciion;
sadisya-similaiiiy; maiia-only; angï-laiac-bccausc ol acccpiing; ca-also.
Tlis idca ol ilc impcisonalisi guius, ilai ilc individual souls aic icllcciions ol
ilc Supicmc, is icluicd by ilc lollowing woids ol Vcdania-suiia (3.2.19-20):
"Tlc individual souls aic noi icllcciions ol ilc Supicmc, lilc icllcciions ol ilc
sun in vaiious bodics ol waici. Tlc sciipiuics' cxamplc ol a icllcciion is mcicly
mcani io slow ilc gicaincss ol ilc Supicmc and ilc smallncss ol ilc individual
soul. Ii is noi mcani io bc ialcn liicially."
In ilis way ilc Vcdania-suiia alliims ilai ilc individual soul is only lilc a
icllcciion ol ilc Supicmc. Tlc soul is noi liicially a icllcciion ol ilc Supicmc.
Tcxi 31
iad ciai iasya paiamaimamsa-iupaiaya niiyaivam siï-gïiopanisadblii api
daisiiam mamaivamso jïva-lolc jïva-bluial sanaianal iii.
iai-ilai; ciai-ilis; iasya-ol lim; paiamaimamsa-iupaiaya-as a paii and paiccl ol
ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; niiyaivam-cicinal naiuic; siï-
gïiopanisadblil-by Siï llagavad-giia; api-also; daisiiam-icvcaslcd; mamaivamso
jïva-lolc jïva-bluial sanaianal iii-llagavad-giia 15.7.
Tlai ilc individual spiiii souls aic cicinally paiis-and-paiccls ol ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad is conliimcd by ilc Loid Himscll in ilcsc woids ol Siï
llagavad-gïia (15.7):
"Tlc living cniiiics in ilis condiiioncd woild aic My cicinal liagmcnial paiis."¯
Tcxi 32
iad cvam amsaivam iavad ala. iaiia samasicl
csa ly ascsa-saiivanam
aimamsal paiamaimanal
adyo 'vaiaio yaiiasau
bluia-giamo viblavyaic
iai-ilai; cvam-ilus; amsaivam-ilc siaius ol paiis and paiccls; iavai-so; ala-said;
iaiia-ilcic; samasicl-ol ilc ioialiiy; csa-ilis; li-cciiainly; ascsa-unlimiicd;
saiivanam-living cniiiics; aima-scll; amsal-paii; paiamaimanal-ol ilc Supcisoul;
adyal-ilc liisi; 'vaiaial-incainaiion; yaiia-wlcicupon; asau-all ilosc; bluia-
giamal-ilc aggicgaic cicaiions; viblavyaic-llouiisl.
Tlai ilc sum ioial ol all individual souls is a paii and paiccl ol ilc Loid is
conliimcd by ilcsc woids ol Siïmad-llagavaiam (3.6.S):
"Tlc giganiic univcisal loim ol ilc Supicmc Loid is ilc liisi incainaiion and
plcnaiy poiiion ol ilc Supcisoul. Hc is ilc scll ol an unlimiicd numbci ol living
cniiiics, and in Him icsis ilc aggicgaic cicaiion, wlicl ilus llouiislcs."¯
Tcxi 33
iïla ca ascsa-saiivanam pianinam aima. vyasiiïnam iad-amsaivai. amso jïval.
avaiaioliis iasmin naiayanaviiblavablipiaycna iiy csa.
iïla-commcniaiy; ca-also; ascsa-saiivanam-ascsa-saiivanam; pianinam-ol living
cniiiics; aima-scll; vyasiiïnam-ol ilc aggicgaics; iad-amsaivai-bccausc ol bcing a
paii; amsal-paii; jïval-individual soul; avaiaia-incainaiion; uliil-siaicmcni;
iasmin-in Him; naiayana-ol Loid Naiayana; aviiblava-manilcsiaiion; ablipiaycna-
by ilc mcaning; iii-ilus; csa-ii.
Siïla Siïdlaia Svamï commcnis:
"In ilis vcisc ilc woid ascsa-bluianam" mcans ol ilc living cniiiics'. Tlis is
so bccausc ilc ioialiiy ol living cniiiics aic paii and paiccl ol ilc Loid. Tlc woid
amsal' mcans ilc individual spiiii soul', and ilc woid avaiaia' mcans ilc
incainaiion ol Loid Naiayana'."
Tcxi 3+
siï-sulal.
siï-sulal-Siï Suladcva Gosvami.
Tlis vcisc was spolcn by Siïla Suladcva Gosvamï.
Anuccheda 38
Tcxi 1
aila vyasicl
clasyaiva mamamsasya
jïvasyaiva mala-maic
bandlo 'syavidyamanadii
vidyaya ca iailciaial
aila-now; vyasicl-ol ilc individual; clasya-onc; cva-indccd; mama-ol Mc;
amsasya-paii; jïvasya-ol ilc soul; cva-indccd; mala-maic-O noblc-lcaiicd onc;
bandlal-bondagc; asya-ol lim; avidyaya-by ignoiancc; anadil-wiiloui bcginning;
vidyaya-by lnowlcdgc; ca-also; iaila-so; iiaial-ilc oilci.
Tlai cacl individual soul, ialcn loi limscll, is a paii and paiccl ol ilc Loid is
conliimcd by ilcsc woids spolcn by ilc Supicmc Loid Himscll (Siïmad-
llagavaiam 11.11.+):
"O mosi iniclligcni Uddlava, ilc living cniiiy, callcd jïva, is paii and paiccl ol
Mc, bui duc io ignoiancc lc las bccn sullciing in maiciial bondagc sincc iimc
immcmoiial. ly lnowlcdgc, lowcvci, lc can bc libciaicd."¯¯¯
Tcxi 2
iiaio molsal. aiia iasmi-paiamanu-silanïyo vyasiiil. iaiia saivablimanï lascii
samasiiii iii jncyam. siï-blagavan.
iiaial-iiaial; molsal-libciaiion; aiia-lcic; iasmi-paiamanu-silanïyal-ol ilc
aiomic paiiiclcs ol sunligli; vyasiiil-ilc individual; iaiia-ilcic; saivablimanï-in
consciaiion ol ilc ioialiiy; lascii-somciling; samasiiil-ioialiiy; iii-ilus; jncyam-io
bc lnown; siï-blagavan-ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad.
Hcic ilc woid "iiaial" mcans "libciaiion". Hcic ilc individual soul is lilc a
singlc paiiiclc ol sunligli, and ilc sum ioial ol all individual souls is lilc ilc sum
ioial ol all sunligli. In ilis way ii slould bc undcisiood. Tlis vcisc was spolcn by
ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad.
Anuccheda 39
Tcxi 1
iaiia saliiivcnaivamsaivam vyanjayanii
iaiia-ilcic; saliiivcna-bccausc ol bcing a poicncy; cva-indccd; amsaivam-ilc
siaius ol bcing a paii and paiccl; vyanjayanii-icvcals.
Tlai ilc individual soul's naiuic is io bc boil a poicncy ol ilc Loid and a paii
and paiccl ol ilc Loid is conliimcd by ilc lollowing piayci (Siïmad-llagavaiam
10.S7.20):
Tcxi 2
sva-liia-puicsv amisv abalii-aniai-asamvalanam
iava puiusam vadaniy allila-salii-dliio 'msa-liiam. iii.
sva-liia-cicaicd by Him; puicsv-in ilc bodics; amisv-in ilcm; abalii-aniai-
asamvalanam-nciilci wiilin noi wiiloui; iava-ol You; puiusam-ilc living cniiiy;
vadanii-says; allila-salii-dliial-ilc masici ol all poicncics; amsa-liiam-
manilcsicd as a paii and paiccl; iii-ilus.
"Ii is cxplaincd in ilc Vcdic liiciaiuics ilai ilc living cniiiics cniiappcd in
dillcicni spccics ol lilc aic paii and paiccl ol ilc Supicmc Loid."¯
Tcxi 3
abalii-aniaia-samvalanam balii baliiangani laiyani. anial aniaiangani
laianani iaii asamvaianam laiya-laianaii asamspisiam. amsa-liiam amsam iiy
aiilal. allila-salii-dliial saiva-salii-dlaiasycii viscsanam jïva-salii-visisiasyaiva
iava jïvo 'mso na iu suddlasycii gamayiiva jïvasya iac-clalii-iupaivcnaivamsaivam
iiy ciad vyanjayanii.
abalii-aniaia-samvalanam-abalii-aniaia-samvalanam; balil-balii;
baliiangani-cxicinal; laiyani.-aciions; anial-anial; aniaiangani-inicinal;
laianani-aciions; iail-by ilcm; asamvaianam-noi covcicd; laiya-laianail-by
causcs and cllccis; asamspisiam-uniouclcd; amsa-liiam-madc a paii; amsam-paii;
iii-ilus; aiilal.-ilc mcaning; allila-salii-dliial-allila-salii-dliial; saiva-salii-
dlaiasya-posscssing all poicncics; iii-ilus; viscsanam-spccilic; jïva-salii-visisiasya-
spccilically ilc poicncy ilai is ilc individual spiiii souls; cva-indccd; iava-ol You;
jïval-ilc soul; a'msal-paii and paiccl; na-noi; iu-bui; suddlasya-puic; iii-ilus;
gamayiiva-biining; jïvasya-ol ilc soul; iac-clalii-ol His poicncy; iupaivcna-wiil
ilc naiuic; cva-indccd; amsaivam-ilc naiuic ol bcing a paii; iii-ilus; ciai-ilis;
vyanjayanii-icvcal.
In ilc compound woid "abalii-aniai-asamvalanam" ilc woid "balil" mcans
"cxicinal aciiviiics", anial" mcans "inicinal aciiviiics", and asamvaianam" mcans
"uniouclcd by causc and cllcci". Amsa-liiam" mcans "paii and paiccl", and
allila-salii-dliial" mcans "ol Hc wlo posscsscs all poicncics, cspccially ilc
poicncics ilai aic ilc individual spiiii souls". Hcic ilc piaycis says, "O Loid, You
do noi scnd a puic soul inio ilc maiciial woild". Tlis vcisc ilus alliims ilai ilc
individual spiiii souls aic poicncics ol Loid and paiis and paiccls ol ilc Loid.
Tcxi +
aila iaiasilaivam ca sa yad ajaya ajam anusayïia iiy adau vyaliam asii. ublaya-
loiav apiavisiaivad cva. siuiayal siï-blagavaniam.
aila-now; iaiasilaivam-ilc naiuic ol bcing ilc maiginal poicncy; ca sa yad
ajaya ajam anusayïia iiy adau-in Siïmad-llagavaiam 10.S7.3S; vyaliam-
manilcsicd; asii.-is; ublaya-loiau-on ilc boundaiy ol boil; apiavisiaivai-bccausc
ol noi laving cnicicd; cva.-indccd; siuiayal-ilc Vcdas; siï-blagavaniam-io ilc
Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad.
Tlai ilc individual souls aic ilc maiginal poicncy ol ilc Loid is dcsciibcd in
ilcsc woids ol Siïmad-llagavaiam (10.S7.3S):
"Tlc illusoiy maiciial naiuic aiiiacis ilc minuic living cniiiy io cmbiacc lci,
and as a icsuli lc assumcs loims composcd ol lci qualiiics. Subscqucnily, lc loscs
all ol lis spiiiiual qualiiics and musi undcigo icpcaicd dcails."¯¯¯
In ilis way ii is said ilai ilc individual souls aic on ilc boidci bciwccn ilc
spiiiiual and maiciial woilds. Tlis vcisc was spolcn by ilc Pcisonilicd Vcdas io
ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad.
Anuccheda +0
Tcxi 1
aila jnanccclum piaii jïvcsayoi ablcdam ala
aila-now; jnanccclum piaii-io ilcy wlo dcsiic impcisonal lnowlcdgc;
jïvcsayol-ol ilc individual soul and ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad;
ablcdam-non dillcicncc; ala-says.
To dcsciibc ilc way in wlicl ilc individual spiiii soul and ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad aic noi dillcicni, ilc Siïmad-llagavaiam (+.2S.62) givcs
ilc lollowing cxplanaiion io ilosc pcisons wlo dcsiic impcisonal lnowlcdgc:
Tcxi 2
alam blavan na canyas ivam
ivam cvalam vicalsva blol
na nau pasyanii lavayas
clidiam jaiu manag api
alam-I; blavan-you; na-noi; ca-also; anyal-dillcicni; ivam-you; ivam-you; cva-
cciiainly; alam-as I am; vicalsva-jusi obscivc; blol-my dcai liicnd; na-noi; nau-ol
Us; pasyanii-do obscivc; lavayal-lcaincd sclolais; clidiam-lauliy dllcicniiaiion;
jaiu-ai any iimc; manag-in a small dcgicc; api-cvcn.
"My dcai liicnd, I, ilc Supcisoul, and you, ilc individual soul, aic noi dillcicni
in qualiiy, loi wc aic boil spiiiiual. In laci, My dcai liicnd, you aic qualiiaiivcly
noi dillcicni liom Mc in youi consiiiuiional posiiion. Jusi iiy io considci ilis
subjcci. Tlosc wlo aic aciually advanccd sclolais, wlo aic in lnowlcdgc, do noi
lind any qualiiaiivc dillcicncc bciwccn you and Mc."¯
Tcxi 3
spasiam siï-paiamaima puianjanam.
spasiam-clcai; siï-paiamaima-ilc Suocisoul; puianjanam-io King Puianjana.
Tlc mcaning ol ilis vcisc is clcai. Tlis vcisc was spolcn by ilc Supcisoul io
King Puianjana.
Anuccheda +1
Tcxi 1
iaiia puivolia-iïiya piailamam iavai saivcsam cva iaiivanam
paiaspaianupiavcsa-vivïlsayailyam piaiïyaic. iiy cvam saliim iii paiamaimani
jïvallya-saliy-anupiavcsa-vivalsaiva iayoi ailya-palsc lciui iiy ablipiaiii siï-
blagavan.
iaiia-ilcic; puivolia-iïiya-by ilc picvious siaicmcni; piailamam-liisi; iavai-
ilcn; saivcsam-ol all; cva-indccd; iaiivanam-iiuils; paiaspaia-muiual; anupiavcsa-
cniiancc; vivïlsaya-wiil ilc dcsiic io dcsciibc; ailyam-oncncss; piaiïyaic.-is
acccpicd; iii-ilus; cvam-ilus; saliim-poicncy; iii-ilus; paiamaimani-in ilc
Supcisoul; jïvallya-callcd ilc individual spiiii soul; salii-poicncy; anupiavcsa-
cniiancc; vivalsa-ilc dcsiic io say; cva-indccd; iayol-ol ilcm boil; ailya-palsc-in
oncncss; lciul-ilc icason; iii-ilus; ablipiaiii-aiiains; siï-blagavan-ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad.
In ilc picvious quoic ii was alliimcd ilai cvciy ilings is picscni in cvciy oilci
iling. In ilis way ii is alliimcd ilai ilc poicncy ilai is ilc individual spiiii soul is
picscni wiilin ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad, wlo is ilc Supcisoul and ilc
masici ol all poicncics. Ii is in ilis way ilai ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad
and ilc individual spiiii souls aic onc. Tlai cvciy iling is picscni in cvciy oilci
ilings is dcsciibcd in ilcsc woids ol Siïmad-llagavaiam (11.22.7):
Tcxi 2
paiaspaianupiavcsai
iaiivanam puiusaisabla
pauivapaiya-piasanllyanam
yaila valiui vivalsiiam
paiaspaia-muiual; anupiavcsai-bccausc ol cniiancc; iaiivanam-ol ilings;
puiusaisabla-O bcsi ol mcn; pauivapaiya-causcs and cllccis; piasanllyanam-
souniing; yaila-as; valiul-ol ilc spcalci; vivalsiiam-dcsiicd io bc said.
"O bcsi ol mcn, bccausc cvciy iling is picscni in cvciy oilci iling,
plilosoplcis may calculaic ilc dillcicni causcs and cllccis in dillcicni ways,
accoiding io ilcii pcisonal dcsiic."
Tcxi 3
iïla ca anyonyasminn anupiavcsad valiui yaila vivalsiiam iaila puiva alpa-
sanllya apaia adlila-sanllya iayoi blaval pauivapaiyam icna piasanllyanam
gananam iiy csa.
iïla-commcniaiy; ca-and; anyonyasminn-muiually; anupiavcsai-bccausc ol
cniciing; valiul-ol ilc spcalci; yaila-as; vivalsiiam-dcsiicd io bc said; iaila-so;
puiva-picvious; alpa-sanllya-small numbci; apaia-anoilci; adlila-sanllya-
gicsici num,bci; iayol-ol ilcm; blaval-ilc naiuic; pauivapaiyam-causc and
cllcci; icna-bybilai; piasanllyanam-couniing; gananam-couniing; iii-ilus; csa-
ilis.
Siïla Siïdlaia Svamï commcnis:
"Hcic ilc woids paiaspaianupiavcsad yaila valiui vivalsiiam' mcan bccausc
ilcy cnici cacl oilci, ii may bc as onc wislcs io dcsciibc ii'. Pauivapaiya-
piasanllyanam' mcans onc may couni ilc causcs and cllccis as lcw oi many, as
onc lilcs'."
Tcxi +
siï-blagavan.
siï-blagavan-ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad.
Tlis vcisc was spolcn by ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad.
Anuccheda +2
Tcxi 1
ailavyaiiiclcna cid-iupaivaviscscnapi iayoi ailyam upadisaii
aila-noi; avyaiiiclcna-wiil non-dillcicncc; cid-iupaiva-spiiiiual siaius;
aviscscna-noi dillcicni; api-also; iayol-ol ilc iwo ol ilcm; ailyam-oncncss;
upadisaii-icaclcs.
Now will bc cxplaincd ilc iiuil ilai ilc individual spiiii soul and ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad aic, bccausc ilcy aic boil spiiiiual naiuic, qualiiaiivcly
onc. In Siïmad-llagavaiam (11.22.11) ii is said:
Tcxi 2
puiuscsvaiayoi aiia
na vailalsanyam anv api
iad-anya-lalpanapaiila
jnanam ca pialiici gunal. iii.
puiusa-ol ilc individual spiiii soul; ïsvaiayol-ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad; aiia-lcic; na-noi; vailalsanyam-dillcicncc; anv-sligli; api-cvcn; iad-
anya-ol bcing oilci; lalpana-imaginaiion; apaiila-usclcss; jnanam-lnowlcdgc; ca-
and; pialiicl-ol maiici; gunal.-ilc modcs; iii.-ilus.
"Accoiding io lnowlcdgc in ilc maiciial modc ol goodncss, ilcic is no
qualiiaiivc dillcicncc bciwccn ilc living cniiiy and ilc supicmc coniiollci. Tlc
imaginaiion ol qualiiaiivc dillcicncc bciwccn ilcm is usclcss spcculaiion."¯¯¯
Tcxi 3
iïla ca lailam iaili pancavimsaii-palsal. iaiiala puiuscii. vailalsanyam
visadisaivam nasii. dvayoi api cid-iupaivai. aias iayoi aiyaniam iad-anyaiva-
lalpanapaiila iiy csa.
iïla-commcniaiy; ca-and; lailam-low'; iaili-ilcn; pancavimsaii-palsal-ilc
25 clcmcnis; iaiia-ilcic; ala-says; puiusa-puiusa; iii-ilus; vailalsanyam-
dillcicncc; visadisaivam-dillcicncc; na-noi; asii-is; dvayol-ol boil; api-also; cid-
iupaivai-bccausc ol spiiiiual naiuic; aial-ilcn; iayol-ol boil; aiyaniam-gicai; iad-
anyaiva-lalpanapaiila-usclcss spcculaiion ol bcing dillcicni; iii-ilus; csa-ii.
Siïla Siïdlaia Svamï commcnis:
"Somconc may asl: Wlai is ilc naiuic ol ilc 2+ maiciial clcmcnis' Tlai
qucsiion is answcicd in ilis vcisc. Tlc woids "na vailalsanyam" mcan "ilc iwo ol
ilcm aic noi dillcicni, loi ilcy aic boil spiiiiual in naiuic. Tlc woid "anya-
lalpanapaiila" mcans "ilc idca ilai ilcy aic dillcicni is a usclcss spcculaiion."
Tcxi +
aiia sadisaivananyaivablyam iayol salii-saliimaiivam ca daisiiam.
icnavyaiiiclo 'pi. siï-blagavan.
aiia-lcic; sadisaiva-lilcncss; ananyaivablyam-and noi bcing dillcicni; iayol-ol
ilcm boil; salii-saliimaiivam-ilc poicncy and ilc masici ol poicncics; ca-also;
daisiiam-icvcalcd; icna-by ilis; avyaiiiclal-noi dillcicni; api-also; siï-blagavan-
ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad.
Tlc individual soul and ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad aic similai and
noi dillcicni bccausc onc is ilc poicncy and ilc oilci is ilc masici ol all
poicncics. Tlai is low ilcy aic noi dillcicni. Tlis vcisc was spolcn by ilc
Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad.
Anuccheda +3
Tcxi 1
aila blaliïcclun piaii iayoi blcdam upadisaii
aila-now; blaliïcclun-io ilcy wlo dcsiic dcvoiional scivicc; piaii-io; iayol-ol
ilc iwo ol ilcm; blcdam-dillcicncc; upadisaii-icaclcs.
To pcisons wlo dcsiic dcvoiional scivicc, ilc sciipiuics icacl ilai ilc
individual spiiii soul and ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad aic dillcicni. Tlc
Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad (Siïmad-llagavaiam 3.9.33) cxplains:
Tcxi 2
yada ialiiam aimanam
bluicndiiya-gunasayail
sva-iupcna mayopciam
pasyan svaiajyam icclaii
yada-wlcn; ialiiam-liccd liom; aimanam-scll; bluia-maiciial clcmcnis;
indiiya-maiciial scnscs; gunasayail-undci ilc inlluccnc ol ilc maiciial modcs ol
naiuic; sva-iupcna-in puic cxisicncc; maya-by Mc; upciam-appioacling; pasyan-
bys cccing; svaiajyam-spiiiiual lingdom; icclaii-cnjoy.
"Wlcn you aic licc liom ilc conccpiion ol gioss and subilc bodics and wlcn
youi scnscs aic licc liom all inllucnccs ol ilc modcs ol maiciial naiuic, you will
icalizc youi puic loim in My associaiion. Ai ilai iimc you will bc siiuaicd in puic
consciousncss."¯
Tcxi 3
bluiadiblii viialiiam aimanam jïvam svaiupcna iasya jïva-salici asiaya-
bluicna saliimaia mayopciam yuliam. svaiajyam saisiy-adilam. siï-gaiblodasayï
bialmanam.
bluiadiblil-bcginngin wiil ilc maiciial clcmcnis; viialiiam-wiiloui;
aimanam-scll; jïvam-individual spiiii soul; svaiupcna-in lis oiiginal loim; iasya-ol
lim; jïva-ol ilc individual spiiii soul; salicl-ol ilc poicncy; asiaya-bluicna-as ilc
slclici; saliimaia-ol ilc masici ol all poicncics; maya-by Mc; upciam-appioaclcd;
yuliam.-cngagcd; svaiajyam-spiiiiual lingdom; saisiy-adilam-bcginnign wiil
saisii libciaiion; siï-gaiblodasayï-Loid Gaiblodalasayï Visnu; bialmanam-io
lialma.
"Viialiiam aimanam svaiupcna" mcans "ilc individual spiiii soul liccd liom
ilc maiciial clcmcnis and oilci maiciial cncumbianccs", "mayopciam" mcans "in
ilc associaiion ol Mc, ilc masici ol all poicncics and ilc slclici ol ilc poicncy
ilai is ilc individual spiiii soul", and svaiajyam" mcans "ilc vaiious linds ol
libciaiion, wlicl bcgin wiil ilc libciaiion ol laving opulcnccs lilc ilc Loid
(saisii)." Tlis vcisc was spolcn by Loid Gaiblodalasayï Visnu io lialma.
Anuccheda ++
Tcxi 1
iaiia blcdc lcium ala
anady-avidya-yuliasya
puiusasyaima-vcdanam
svaio na samblavad anyas
iaiiva-jno jnana-do blavci
iaiia-ilcic; blcdc-dillcicncc; lcium-icason; ala-said; anadi-bcginninglcss;
avidya-ignoiancc; yuliasya-posscsing; puiusasya-ol ilc individual spiiii soul;
aima-ol ilc scll; vcdanam-lnowlcdgc; svaial-pcisonally; na-noi; samblavai-may
bc; anyal-anoilci; iaiiva-jnal-lnowing ilc iiuil; jnana-dal-giving lnowlcdgc;
blavci-slould bc.
Tlc icason wly ilc individual spiiii soul and ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad aic dillcicni is givcn in ilcsc woids (Siïmad-llagavaiam 11.22.10):
"lccausc a pcison wlo las bccn covcicd by ignoiancc sincc iimc immcmoiial is
noi capablc ol cllcciing lis own scll-icalizaiion, ilcic musi bc somc oilci
pcisonaliiy wlo is in laciual lnowlcdgc ol ilc Absoluic Tiuil and can impaii ilis
lnowlcdgc io lim."¯¯¯
Tcxi 2
iïla ca svaio na samblavaii. svaial saiva-jnal paiamcsvaio 'nyo blavcd iii sad-
vimsaii-iaiiva-palsablipiayal iiy csa.
iïla-commcniaiy; ca-and; svaial-pcisonally; na-noi; samblavaii.-is possiblc;
svaial-pcisonally; saiva-jnal-all-lnowing; paiamcsvaial-ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy
ol Godlcad; anyal-anoilci; blavci-is; iii-ilus; sad-vimsaii-iaiiva-palsablipiayal-
lnowing ilc 26 clcmcnis; iii-ilus; csa-ii.
Siïla Siïdlaia Svamï commcnis:
"Hcic ilc woids svaio na' mcan ii is noi possiblc loi lim', and ilc woids
samblavad anyal' mcan loi anoilci pcison ii is possiblc'. Tlai oilci pcison is
ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad, wlo is omniscicni and lnows cvciyiling
aboui ilc 26 clcmcnis ol ilis woild."
Tcxi 3
jnanadaivam aiia jnanaj jnaius ca vailalsanyam ïsvaiasya bodlayaiy cvcii
blaval. cvam
ivaiio jnanam li jïvanam piamosas ic 'iia saliiial iiy uddlava-valyam cagic
jnanadaivam-ilc siaic ol bcing ilc givci ol iiansccndcnial lnowlcdgc; aiia-
lcic; jnanai-liom lnowlcdgc; jnaiul-ilc lnowci; ca-also; vailalsanyam-dillcicncc;
ïsvaiasya-ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; bodlayaii-icaclcs; cva-indccd;
iii-ilus; blaval.-ilc mcaning; cvam-ilus; ivaiio jnanam li jïvanam piamosas ic
'iia saliiial iii-Siïmad-llagavaiam 11.22.2S; uddlava-valyam-ilc siaicmcni ol
Uddlava; ca-alsoi; agic-in ilc bcginning.
Tlc mcaning lcic is ilai ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad is ilc lnowci
and icaclci ol iiansccndcnial lnowlcdgc. In ilai way Hc is dillcicni liom ilc
individual spiiii souls. Tlis is cxplaincd in ilc lollowing woids ol Siïmad-
llagavaiam (11.22.2S), wlcic Uddlava iclls ilc Supicmc Loid:
"Iiom You alonc ilc lnowlcdgc ol ilc living bcings aiiscs, and by Youi
poicncy ilai lnowlcdgc is siolcn away. Indccd, no onc bui Youiscll can
undcisiand ilc ical naiuic ol Youi illusoiy poicncy."¯¯¯
Tcxi +
aiia yadi jïvajnana-lalpiiam cva iasya paiamcsvaiaivam syai iaili silanu-
puiusavai iasya jnanadaivam api na syad iiy aial saiya cva jïvcsvaia-blcda iiy
cvam siïmad-ïsvaicnaiva svayam svasya paiamaiililcsvaiablimaniivcnaivasiiivam
mudlan piaii bodliiam iii spasiam.
aiia-lcic; yadi-il jïva-ol ilc individual soul; ajnana-ignoiancc; lalpiiam-
considcicd; cva-indccd; iasya-ol lim; paiamcsvaiaivam-ilc siaius ol bcing ilc
Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; syai-may bc; iaili-ilcn; silanu-sicady; puiusa-
pcison; vai-lilc; iasya-ol lim; jnanadaivam-giving lnowlcdgc; api-also; na-noi;
syai-may bc; iii-ilus; aial-ilcn; saiya-iiuc; cva-indccd; jïvcsvaia-blcda-dillcicncc
ol ilc individual soul and ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; iii-ilus; cvam-
ilus; siïmad-ïsvaicna-by ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; cva-indccd;
svayam-pcisonally; svasya-ol Him; paiamaiilila-ilc spiiiiual goal; ïsvaia-ilc
Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; ablimaniivcna-pioudly considciing limscll;
cva-indccd; asiiivam-ilc siaic ol bcing so; mudlan-lools; piaii-io; bodliiam-
iaugli; iii-ilus; spasiam-clcai.
Il an individual spiiii soul is so bcwildcicd ilai lc ilinls limscll ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad, ilai individual spiiii soul docs noi lavc ilc powci io
icacl lnowlcdgc ol ilc ical iiuil. Tlc ical iiuil is ilai individual spiiii soul and
ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad aic dillcicni. Howcvci, wlcn spcaling io
bcwildcicd lools, ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad Himscll may somciimcs
icacl ilis aiiogani idca ilai ilc individual soul is idcniical wiil ilc Supicmc
Loid.
Tcxi 5
blcda-vadinas caiiaiva pialaianc yaila viviliam yad-valiiam gilnïmo yulii-
samblavai iiy aiia paiama-vivcla-jas iu blcda cvcii. iaila mayam madïyam
udgilya vadaiam lim nu duiglaiam iiy aiia. iailapi blagavac-claliyaiva iaiia
iaiia nana-vadavalasa iii ca manyanic.
blcda-vadinal-spcaling ol ilc dillcicncc; ca-and; aiia-lcic; cva-indccd;
pialaianc-in ilc samc clapici; yaila viviliam yad-valiiam gilnïmo yulii-
samblavai iii-Siïmad-llagavaiam 11.22.9; aiia-lcic; paiama-vivcla-jal-liom iiuc
lnowlcdgc; iu-indccd; blcda-dillcicncc; cva-indccd; iii-ilus; iaila-so; mayam
madïyam udgilya vadaiam lim nu duiglaiam iii-Siïmad-llagavaiam 11.22.+;
aiia.-lcic; iailapi-ncvciilclcss; blagavac-claliya-by ilc poicncy olnilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; cva-indccd; iaiia-ilcic; iaiia-ilcic; nana-vadavalasa-in
many dillcicni plilosoplics; iii-ilus; ca-also; manyanic-aic considcicd.
Tlc iiuil is ilai ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad and ilc individual spiiii
soul aic dillcicni. Ncvciilclcss, ilc Loid Himscll dcclaics (Siïmad-llagavaiam
11.22.9):
"Tlcicloic, no maiici wlicl ol ilcsc ilinlcis is spcaling, and icgaidlcss ol
wlcilci in ilcii calculaiions ilcy includc maiciial clcmcnis wiilin ilcii picvious
subilc causcs oi clsc wiilin ilcii subscqucni manilcsi pioducis, I acccpi ilcii
conclusions as auiloiiiaiivc, bccausc a logical cxplanaiion can always bc givcn loi
cacl ol ilc dillcicni ilcoiics/"¯¯¯
Tlc Loid also said (Siïmad-llagavaiam 11.22.+):
"lccausc all maiciial clcmcnis aic picscni cvciywlcic, ii is icasonablc ilai
dillcicni lcaincd bialmanas lavc analyzcd ilcm in dillcicni ways. All sucl
plilosoplcis spolc undci ilc slclici ol My mysiic poicncy, and ilus ilcy could
say anyiling wiiloui coniiadiciing ilc iiuil."¯¯¯
In ilis way ii is sccn ilai ilc dillcicni plilosoplics aic uliimaicly manilcsicd
by ilc poicncy ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad.
Tcxi 6
nanu
siuiil piaiyalsam aiiilyam
anumanam caiusiayam
piamanacsv anavasilanad
vilalpai sa viiajyaic
nanu-is ii noi so'; siuiil-sciipiuic; piaiyalsam-diicci p`ciccpiion; aiiilyam-
Iiilasa; anumanam-logic; caiusiayam-loui; piamanacsu-among ilc souiccs ol
lnowlcdgc; anavasilanai-lliclciing; vilalpai-liom maiciial illusion; sa-also;
viiajyaic-bccomcs dciaclcd.
Hcic somconc may say: In Siïmad-llagavaiam (11.19.17) ii is said:
"Iiom ilc loui iypcs ol cvidcncc: Vcdic lnowlcdgc, diicci cxpciicncc,
iiadiiional wisdom, and logical dcduciion, onc can undcisiand ilc icmpoiaiy,
insubsianiial naiuic ol ilc maiciial woild, by wlicl onc bccomcs dciaclcd liom
ilc dualiiy ol ilis woild."¯¯¯
Tcxi 7
iiy aiia blcda-maiiam nisidlyaic. vilalpa-sabdasya samsayaiilaivai. samsayam
paiiiyajya vasiuny cva nisilam laioiïiy aiilal.
iii-ilus; aiia-lcic; blcda-maiiam-only dillcicncc; nisidlyaic.-is loibiddcn;
vilalpa-sabdasya-ol ilc woild vilalpa"; samsaya-doubi; aiilaivai-bccausc ol ilc
mcaning; samsayam-doubi; paiiiyajya-abandoning; vasiuni-in a iling; cva-indccd;
nisilam-laiil; laioii-docs; iii-ilus; aiilal-ilc mcaning.
Tlis vcisc icluics ilc idca ilai ilc sciipiuics' icaclings aic dillcicni. Hcic ilc
woid "vilalpa" mcans doubi". Wlcn onc bccomcs licc liom doubi, onc las lull
laiil and iiusi. Tlai is ilc mcaning.
Tcxi S
aia cva
laimanam paiinamiivad
aviiincyad amangalam
vipascin nasvaiam pasycd
adisiam api disiavai
aia cva-ilcicloic; laimanam-ol laimas; paiinamiivai-bccausc ol ilc
iiansloimaiion; aviiincyai-liom lialma; amangalam-inauspicious; vipascin-a wisc
pcison; nasvaiam-icmpoiaiy; pasyci-slould scc; adisiam-wlai was noi sccn; api-
cvcn; disia-wlai was sccn; vai-lilc.
Siïmad-llagavaiam (11.19.1S) coniinucs:
"An iniclligcni pcison slould scc ilai any maiciial aciiviiy is subjcci io
consiani iiansloimaiion and ilai cvcn on ilc planci ol Loid lialma ilcic is ilus
simply unlappincss. Indccd, a wisc man can undcisiand ilai jusi as all ilai lc las
sccn is icmpoiaiy, similaily, all ilings wiilin ilc univcisc lavc a bcginning and an
cnd."¯¯¯
Tcxi 9
iiy aiiasyoiiaia-slolc 'pi viiincyam cvavadlim liiva nasvaiaiva-disiii ulia. na
iu vailuniladilam apïii. siï-blagavan.
iiy-ilus; aiia-lcic; asya-ol ilis; uiiaia-slolc-laici vcisc; api-also; viiincyam-
lialma; cva-indccd; avadlim-up io; liiva-doing; nasvaiaiva-disiil-sccing ilc
icmpoiaiy naiuic; ulia.-said; na-noi; iu-bui; vailuniladilam-bcginning wiil
Vailu.n/.ilalola; api-also; iii-ilus; siï-blagavan-ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad.
In ilis, ilc lollowing vcisc, ii is said ilai onc may scc ilc icmpoiaiy naiuic ol
ilc maiciial woilds, cvcn up io ilc woild ol ilc dcmigod lialma. Howcvci, ilc
woild ol Vailunilalola and ilc oilci spiiiiual woilds aic noi icmpoiaiy. Tlc
vcisc quoicd in ilc bcginning ol ilis anucclcda was spolcn by ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad.
Anuccheda +5
Tcxi 1
anyaiiapi siï-jamaii-muniblii upadisiasya jïva-lalsanasyaivopajïvyaivcna iam
lalsayaii iiiblil
anyaiia-in anoilci placc; api-also; siï-jamaii-muniblil-by Siï Jamaia Muni;
upadisiasya-iaugli; jïva-ol ilc individual soul; lalsanasya-ol ilc naiuic; cva-
indccd; upajïvyaivcna-by ilc way ol mainicnancc; iam-ilai; lalsayaii-dcsciibcs;
iiiblil-by ilicc.
In anoilci placc in ilis bool (anucclcda 19), Siï Jamiaia Muni las dcsciibcd
ilc naiuic ol ilc individual spiiii soul. Tlc soul's naiuic is also dcsciibcd in ilcsc
ilicc vciscs ol Siïmad-llagavaiam (3.25.16-1S):
Tcxi 2
alam-mamablimanoiilail
lama-lobladiblii malail
vïiam yada manal suddlam
adulllam asullam samam
alam-I; mama-minc; ablimana-liom ilc misconccpiion; uiilail-pioduccd;
lama-lusi; lobla-giccd; adiblil-and so on; malail-liom ilc impuiiiics; vïiam-
liccd; yada-wlcn; manal-ilc mind; suddlam-puic; adulllam-wiiloui disiicss;
asullam-wiiloui lappincss; samam-cquipoiscd.
"Wlcn onc is complcicly clcanscd ol ilc impuiiiics ol lusi and giccd pioduccd
liom ilc lalsc idcniilicaiion ol ilc body as I' and bodily posscssions as minc',
onc's mind bccomcs puiilicd. In ilai siaic lc iiansccnds ilc siaic ol so-callcd
maiciial lappincss and disiicss.¯
Tcxi 3
iada puiusa aimanam
lcvalam pialiicl paiam
niianiaiam svayam joiii
animanam allandiiam
iada-ilcn; puiusa-ilc individual soul; aimanam-limsdcll; lcvalam-puic;
pialiicl paiam-iiansccndcnial io maiciial cxisicncc; niianiaiam-non-dillcicni;
svayam joiil-scll cllulgcnci; animanam-inliniicsimal; allandiiam-noi liagmcnicd.
"Ai ilai iimc ilc soul can scc limscll io bc iiansccndcnial io maiciial cxisicncc
and always scll-cllulgcni, ncvci liagmcnicd, alilougl vciy minuic in sizc.¯
Tcxi +
jnana-vaiiagya-yulicna
blalii-yulicna caimana
paiipasyaiy udasïnam
pialiiim ca laiaujasam
jnana-lnowl3cdgc; vaiiagya-icnunicaiion; yulicna-cquipcd wiil; blalii-
dcvoiional scivicc; yulicna-cquipcd wiil; ca-and; aimana-by ilc mind;
paiipasyaii-onc sccs; udasïnam-indillcicni; pialiiim-maiciial cxisicncc; ca-and;
laiaujasam-icduccd in siicngil.
"In ilai posiiion ol scll-icalizaiion, by piaciicc ol lnowlcdgc and icnunciaiion
in dcvoiional scivicc, onc sccs cvciyiling in ilc iigli pcispcciivc. Hc bccomcs
indillcicni io maiciial cxisicncc, and ilc maiciial inllucncc acis lcss powcilully
upon lim."¯
Tcxi 5
spasiaiva yojana. iaiialam iii padycna sa aima niiya-niimala iii. aimanam iiy
ancnaivalam aiila iii. anyaila ly aimaiva-piaiïiy-ablaval syai. lcvalam iiy ancna
cla-iupa-svaiupa-blag iii. pialiicl paiam iiy ancna vilaia-ialiia iii. blalii-
yulicnciy ancna paiamaima-piasadlina-iai-pialasaivai niianiaiam iiy ancna
niiyaivai paiamaimaila-scsaivam iii. svayam-jyoiii iiy ancna svasmai svayam-
pialasa iii. jnana-maiiaimalo na ca iii ca. animanam iiy ancnanui cvcii. piaii-
lsciiam blinna iii ca. allandiiam iiy ancnavicclinna-jnanadi-saliiivai jnaiiiva-
laiiiiva-bloliiiva-nija-dlaimala iii vyanjiiam. siï-lapiladcval.
spasia-clcai; cva-indccd; yojana.-mcaning; iaiia-ilcic; alam- iii padycna-by ilc
vcisc bcginning wiil "alam"; sa-lc; aima-aima; niiya-cicinally; niimala-puic; iii.-
ilus; aimanam-aimanal; iii-ilus; ancna-by ilis; cva-indccd; alam-I; aiila-
mcaning; iii.-ilus; anyaila-oilciwisc; li-indccd; aimaiva-ilc naiuic ol ilc soul;
piaiïii-bclicl; ablaval-non-cxisicncc; syai.-may bc; lcvalam-lcvalam; iii-ilus;
ancna-by ilis; cla-iupa-svaiupa-blal-posscssing a sinmglc spiiiiual idcniiiy; iii.-
ilus; pialiicl paiam-pialiicl paiam; iii-ilus; ancna-by ilis; vilaia-ialiia-
wiiloui maiciial iiansloimaiions; iii.-ilus; blalii-dcvoiional scivicc; yulicna-
wiil; iii-ilus; ancna-by ilis; paiamaima-piasada-ol ilc mcicy ol ilc Supcisoul;
adlina-suboidinaic; iai-pialasaivai-bccausc ol ilai manilcsiaiion; niianiaiam-
niianiaiam; iii-ilus; ancna-by ilis; niiyaivai-bccausc ol ciciniiy; paiamaimaila-
scsaivam-only ilc Supcisoul icmaining; iii.-ilus; svayam-jyoiil-svasyam-jyoiil;
iii-ilus; ancna-by ilis; svasmai-io Himscll; svayam-pialasa-scll-manilcsi; iii.-ilus;
jnana-maiia-only lnowlcdgc; aimalal-scll; na-noi; ca-also; iii-ilus; ca.-also;
animanam-animanam; iii-ilus; ancna-by ilis; anul-aiomic; cva-indccd; iii-ilus;
piaii-lsciiam-io cvciy licld ol aciions; blinna-dillcicni; iii-ilus; ca.-and;
allandiiam-unbiolcn; iii-ilus; ancna-by ilis; avicclinna-unbiolcn; jnana-
lnowlcdgc; adi-bcginning; saliiivai-bccausc ol ilc poicncy; jnaiiiva-ilc siaic ol
bcing ilc lnowci; laiiiiva-ilc siaic ol bcing ilc dowci; bloliiiva-ilc siaic ol
bcing ilc cnjoyci; nija-own; dlaimala-naiuic; iii-ilus; vyanjiiam-manilcsicd; siï-
lapiladcval-Loid Kapiladcva.
Tlc mcaning ol ilcsc vciscs is clcai. Tlcsc vciscs aic cxplaincd by Jamaia Muni
in ilc passagc quoicd in ilis bool in anucclcda 19, icxis 6-S. Tlc soul dcsciibcd
in ilc liisi ol ilcsc Siïmad-llagavaiam vciscs is cxplaincd io bc "niiya-niimala"
(cicinally puic) in ilc paiallcl passagc ol Jamaia Muni. Tlc woid "aimanam" (ilc
scll) in ilc sccond ol ilcsc Siïmad-llagavaiam vciscs is cxplaincd io bc "alam-
aiilal" (conscious ol lis idcniiiy as an individual pcison) in ilc paiallcl passagc
ol Jamaia Muni. Tlc woid "lcvalam" (only) in ilc sccond ol ilcsc Siïmad-
llagavaiam vciscs is cxplaincd io bc "cla-svaiupa-iupa-blal" (lc las lis own
oiiginal spiiiiual loim) in ilc paiallcl passagc ol Jamaia Muni. Tlc woids
"pialiicl paiam" (abovc maiici) in ilc sccond ol ilcsc Siïmad-llagavaiam vciscs
aic cxplaincd io bc "na vilaiï" (noi subjcci io ilc clangcs maiici imposcs) in ilc
paiallcl passagc ol Jamaia Muni. Tlc woid "blalii-yulicna" in ilc iliid ol ilcsc
Siïmad-llagavaiam vciscs is cxplaincd by ilc alliimaiion ilai ilc Loid manilcsis
Himscll by His own lindncss in ilc paiallcl passagc ol Jamaia Muni. Tlc woid
"niianiaiam" in ilc sccond ol ilcsc Siïmad-llagavaiam vciscs is cxplaincd by ilc
woid "paiamaimaila-scsaivam" (lc is paii and paiccl ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy
ol Godlcad) in ilc paiallcl passagc ol Jamaia Muni. Tlc woid svayam-jyoiil" in
ilc sccond ol ilcsc Siïmad-llagavaiam is cxplaincd by ilc woids "svasmai
svayam-pialasal" (lc is scll-manilcsi) and "jnana-maiiaimalo na ca" (lis
lnowlcdgc is noi limiicd io ilc pciccpiion ol ilc maiciial woild) in ilc paiallcl
passagc ol Jamaia Muni. Tlc woid animanam" in ilc sccond ol ilcsc Siïmad-
llagavaiam vciscs is cxplaincd by ilc woids "anul" (lc is aiomic in sizc) and
"piaiilsciiam blinnal" (lc is dillcicni liom oilci pcisons) in ilc paiallcl passagc
ol Jamaia Muni. Tlc woid "allandiiam", wlicl mcans ilai ilc poicncy ol
lnowlcdgc and ilc oilci poicncics aic noi limiicd oi incomplcic, in ilc sccond ol
ilcsc Siïmad-llagavaiam vciscs is cxplaincd by ilc woid "jnaiiiva-laiiiiva-
bloliiiva-nija-dlaimala" (in lis oiiginal spiiiiual naiuic lc is a lnowci, a doci,
and an cnjoyci) in ilc paiallcl passagc ol Jamaia Muni. In ilis way ilc mcaning ol
ilcsc woids is cxplaincd. Tlcsc vciscs ol Siïmad-llagavaiam wcic spolcn by Loid
Kapiladcva.
Anuccheda +6
Tcxi 1
iailcdam api pialiana-lalsanaviiuddlam
iaila-so; idam-ilis; api-also; pialiana-picvious; lalsana-qualiiics; aviiuddlam-
wiiloui coniiadiciiong.
Tlc picviously dcsciibcd qualiiics ol ilc soul aic dcsciibcd in ilc samc way in
ilcsc woids ol Siïmad-llagavaiam (7.7.19-20):
Tcxis 2 and 3
aima niiyo 'vyayal suddla
clal lsciiajna asiayal
aviliiyal sva-dig glciui
vyapalo 'sangy anaviial
ciaii dvadasablii vidvan
aimano lalsanail paiail
alam mamciy asad-blavam
dcladau molajam iyajci
aima-ilc spiiii soul, ilc paii and paiccl ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad; niiyal-wiiloui biiil oi dcail; avyayal-wiil no possibiliiy ol dwindling;
suddla-wiiloui ilc maiciial coniaminaiion ol aiiaclmcni and dciaclmcni; clal-
individual; lsciiajna-wlo lnows and is ilcicloic dillcicni liom ilc maiciial body;
asiayal-ilc oiiginal loundaiion; aviliiyal-noi undcigoing clangcs lilc ilc body;
sva-dig-scll-illuminaicd; lciul-ilc casuc ol all causcs; vyapalal-spicading
iliougloui ilc body in ilc loim ol consciousncss; asangi-noi dcpcnding on ilc
body (licc io iiansmigiaic liom onc body io anoilci; anaviial-noi covcicd by
maiciial coniaminaiion; ciail-by all ilcsc; dvadasablil-iwclvc; vidvan-a pcison
wlo is noi loolisl bui lully awaic ol ilings as ilcy aic; aimanal-ol ilc spiiii soul;
lalsanail-sympoims; paiail-iiansccndcnial; alam-I ("I am ilis body."); mama-
minc ("cvvciyiling in iclaiionslip wiil ilis body is minc") iii-ilus; asad-blavam-
a lalsc conccpiion ol lilc; dcladau-idcniilying oncscll wiil ilc maiciial body and
ilcn wiil onc's wilc, clildicn, lamily, communiiy, naiion, and so on; molajam-
pioduccd liom illusoiy lnowlcdgc; iyajci-musi givc up.
" Aima' iclcis io ilc Supicmc Loid oi ilc living cniiiics. loil ol ilcm aic
spiiiiual, licc liom biiil and dcail, licc liom dciciioiaiion, and licc liom maiciial
coniaminaiion. Tlcy aic individual, ilcy aic lnowcis ol ilc cxicinal body, and
ilcy aic ilc loundaiion oi slclici ol cvciyiling. Tlcy aic licc liom maiciial
clangc, ilcy aic scll-illuminaicd, ilcy aic ilc causc ol all causcs, and ilcy aic all-
pcivading. Tlcy lavc noiling io do wiil ilc maiciial body, and ilcicloic ilcy aic
always uncovcicd. Wiil ilcsc iiansccndcnial qualiiics, onc wlo is aciually lcaincd
musi givc up ilc illusoiy conccpiion ol lilc, in wlicl onc ilinls, I am ilis
maiciial body, and cvciyiling in iclaiionslip wiil ilis body is minc'."¯
Tcxi +
avyayo 'palsaya-sunyal. clal na iu dclcndiiyadi-sanglaia-iupal. lsciiajno
jnaiiivadi-dlaimalal. indiiyadïnam asiayal. svablavila-jnaiiivad cva aviliiyal.
svadil svasmai svayam-pialasal. lciul saigadi-nimiiiam.
avyayal-avyayal; apalsaya-sunyal-wiiloui dccay; clal-onc; na-noi; iu-bui;
dclcndiiyadi-sanglaia-iupal-ilc loim ol ilc body, scnscs, oi oilci lilc ilings;
lsciiajnal-lsciiajna; jnaiiivadi-dlaimalal-ilc naiuic ol bcing ilc lnowci ol ilc
licd ol aciiviiics and oilci ilings; indiiyadïnam-ol iylc scnscs; asiayal.-ilc
slclici; svablavila-jnaiiivai-bccausc ol scll lnowlcdgc; cva-indccd; aviliiyal-noi
subjcci io clangc; svadil-svadil; svasmai-io limscll; svayam-pialasal.-scll
manilcsi; lciul-icason; saigadi-bcginning wiil cicaiion; nimiiiam-ilc causc.
In ilis vcisc "avyayal" mcans "wiiloui dccay", "clal" mcans noi ilc maiciial
body, scnscs, oi oilci maiciial ilings", "lsciiajnal" mcans "ilc lnowci ol ilc
licld ol aciiviiics", "asiayal" mcans "ilc icsiing-placc ol ilc maiciial scnscs",
aviliiyal" mcans "bccausc lc is ilc lnowci ol ilc licld ol aciiviiics lc is noi
subjcci io maiciial iiansloimaiions", "sva-dil" mcans "scll-manilcsi", and
"lciul" mcans "ilc cicaioi ol ilc maiciial woild and oilci ilings".
Tcxi 5
iad uliam siï-suicna lciui jïvo 'sya saigadci avidya-laima-laialal iii.
iai-ilai; uliam-said; siï-suicna-by Siï Suia Gosvami; lciui jïvo 'sya saigadci
avidya-laima-laialal iii-Siïmad-llagavaiam 12.7.1S.
Tlai ilc individual spiiii soul is also, in onc scnsc, ilc cicaioi ol ilc maiciial
woild is coiioboiaicd by ilc lollowing woids ol Siï Suia Gosvamï (Siïmad-
llagavaiam 11.7.1S):
"Oui ol ignoiancc ilc living bcing pciloims maiciial aciiviiics and ilcicby
bccomcs, in onc scnsc, ilc causc ol ilc cicaiion, mainicnancc, and dcsiiuciion ol
ilc univcisc."¯¯¯
Tcxi 6
vyapalo vyapii-sïlal. asangi anaviias ca. svaial pialasa-iupaivai. alam-
mamciy-samblavam dcladau molajam iyajci. iii dclady-adlilaianalasya
molajasyaiva iyago na iu svaiupa-bluiasyciy alam-aiila iii vyajyaic. iad cvam
jïvas iad-amsaivai sulsma-jyoiï-iupa iiy clc. iailaiva li lausiublamsaivcna
vyanjiiam. iaila ca slanda-piablasa-llandc jïva-niiupanc
vyapalal-vyapala; vyapii-sïlal.-all pcivading; asangi-uniouclcd; anaviial-
uncovcicd; ca.-also; svaial-pcisonally; pialasa-iupaivai-bccausc opl bcing
manilcsi; alam-mamciy-samblavam-ilc idcas ol I and min; dcladau-bcginning
ciil ilc maiciial body; molajam-illusion; iyajci-slould abandon; iii-ilus; dclady-
adlilaianalasya-bcginning ciil ilc maiciial body; molajasya-boin liom illusion;
cva-indccd; iyagal-icjcciion; na-noi; iu-bui; svaiupa-bluiasya-ol ilc oiiginal
loim; iii-ilus; alam-aiila-lalsc cgo; iii-ilus; vyajyaic.-is manilcsicd; iai-ilai;
cvam-ilus; jïval-ilc soul; iad-amsaivai-bccausc ol bcing a oaii and paiccl;
sulsma-jyoiï-iupa-ilc loim ol a iiny paiiiclc ol ligli; iii-ilus; clc.-somc; iaila-so;
cva-indccd; li-indccd; lausiublamsaivcna-by a paii ol ilc lausiubla jcwcl;
vyanjiiam-manilcsicd; iaila-so; ca-also; slanda-piablasa-llandc-in ilc Slanda
Puiana, Piablasa-llanda; jïva-niiupanc-in ilc dcsciipiion ol ilc individual spiiii
soul.
In ilc iwo vciscs quoicd in ilc bcginning ol ilis anucclcda, ilc woid
"vyapalal" mcans "all-pcivading", asangy anaviial" mcan "bccausc ii is scll-
manilcsi, ilc soul is nciilci dcpcndcni on ilc maiciial body noi covcicd by
maiciial coniaminaiion", and "alam mamciy asad-blavam dcladau molajam
iyajci" mcans "Onc slould icnouncc ilc illusions ilai bcgin wiil ilc maiciial
body, bui onc slould noi icnouncc lis individual idcniiiy as a spiiii soul." Somc
ilinlcis say ilai ilc individual spiiii souls aic iiny paiiiclcs ol ligli. Ii is
somciimcs said ilai ilc individual spiiii souls aic paiiiclcs ol ligli liom ilc
Supicmc Loid's Kausiubla jcwcl. Tlc individual souls aic ilus dcsciibcd as iiny
paiiiclcs ol ligli in ilcsc woids ol Slanda Puiana, Piablaa-llanda:
Tcxi 7
na iasya vaino iupam va
piamanam disayic lvacii
na salyal lailiium vapi
sulsmas canania-vigialal
na-noi; iasya-ol lim; vainal-class; iupam-loim; va-oi; piamanam-cvidcncc;
disayic-is sccn; lvacii-anyiwlcic; na-noi; salyal-ablc io bc donc; lailiium-io
spcal; va-oi; api-also; sulsmal-iiny; ca-and; anania-limiilcss; vigialal-loim.
"Tlc individual so las no maiciial loim and no maiciial siaius. No cvidcncc loi
ilcsc idcas can bc lound in any sciipiuic. No onc can spcal woids io piovc ilcsc
idcas. Tlc inliniicsimal soul cnicis a limiilcss numbci ol maiciial bodics.
Tcxi S
balagia-saia-blagasya
saiadla lalpiiasya ca
iasmai sulsmaiaio jïval
sa cananiyaya lalpaic
balagia-saia-blagasya-onc lundicdil paii ol ili iip ol a laii; saiadla-a
lundicd iimcs; lalpiiasya-considcicd; ca-and; iasmai-liom ilai; sulsmaiaial-
smallci; jïval-ilc individual spiiii soul; sa-lc; ca-and; ananiyaya-loi limiilcssncss;
lalpaic-is considcicd.
"Wlcn ilc uppci poini ol a laii is dividcd inio onc lundicd paiis and again
cacl ol sucl paiis is luiilci dividcd inio onc lundicd paiis, cacl sucl paii is ilc
dimcnsion ol ilc spiiii soul.¯
Tcxi 9
adiiya-vainam sulsmablam
ab-bindum iva puslaic
nalsaiiam iva pasyanii
yogino jnana-calsusa. iii.
adiiya-vainam-splcndid lilc ilc sun; sulsmablam-a iiny paiiiclc ol ligli; ap-ol
waici; bindum-a diop; iva-lilc; puslaic-on a loius llowci; nalsaiiam-a siai; iva-
lilc; pasyanii-sccs; yoginal-yogis; jnana-calsusa-wiil cycs ol lnowlcdgc; iii.-ilus.
"Wiil cycs ol lnowlcdgc ilc yogïs scc ilai ilai ilc individual soul is lilc a iiny
paiiiclc ol sunligli, lilc a siai slining in ilc sly, lilc a diop ol waici on a loius
llowci."
Tcxi 10
siï-piallado 'suia-balalan.
siï-pialladal-Siï Pialalada; asuia-ol ilc dcmons; balalan-io ilc sons.
Tlc vcisc quoicd in ilc bcginning ol ilis anucclcda was spolcn by Siï
Piallada io ilc dcmons' sons.
Anuccheda +7
Tcxi 1
iad cvam anania cva jïvallyas iaiasilal saliayal. iaiia iasam vaiga-dvayam.
clo vaigo 'nadiia cva blagavad-unmullal. anyas iv anadiia cva blagavai-
paianmullal. svablavaias iadïya-jnana-blavai iadïya-jnanablavac ca.
iai-ilai; cvam-ilus; anania-limiilcss; cva-indcd; jïvallyal-callcd individual
souls; iaiasilal-maiginal; saliayal.-poicncics; iaiia-ilcic; iasam-ol ilcm; vaiga-
dvayam.-iwo gioups; clal-onc; vaigal-gioup; anadiia-liom iimc immcmoiial; cva-
indccd; blagavad-unmullal.-lavoiablc io ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad;
anyal-oilcis; iv-bui; anadiia-liom iimc imcmmoiial; cva-indccd; blagavai-
paianmullal.-avcisc io ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; svablavaial-by
naiuic; iadïya-ol Him; jnana-lnowlcdgc; blavai-bccausc ol ilc naiuic; iadïya-ol
Him; jnana-ilc lnowlcdgc; ablavai-bccausc ol ilc abscncc; ca-also.
Tlus ilc Loid's maiginal poicncics, wlo aic callcd ilc individual spiiii souls
aic limiilcss in numbci. Siill, ilcy may bc dividcd inio iwo gioups: 1. ilc souls
wlo, liom iimc immcmoiial, aic lavoiablc io ilc Supicmc Loid, and 2. ilc
icbcllious souls wlo, liom iimc immcmoiial, aic avcisc io ilc Supicmc Loid. Tlis
is bccausc onc gioup is awaic ol ilc Loid's gloiics and ilc oilci gioup is noi
awaic ol ilcm.
Tcxi 2
iaiia piailamo 'niaianga-salii-vilasanugilïio niiya-blagavai-paiilaia-iupo
gaiudadilal. yailoliam padmoiiaia-llandc iii-pad-vibluici lolas iu iiy adau
blagavai-sandaiblodaliic. asya ca iaiasilaivam jïvaiva-piasiddlci ïsvaiaiva-loiav
apiavcsai.
iaiia-ilcic; piailamal-liisi; aniaianga-salii-inicinal poicncy; vilasa-pasiimcs;
anugilïial-aiiaincd ilc mcicy; niiya-cicinal; blagavai-ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy
ol Godlcad; paiilaia-iupal-ilc loim ol associaics; gaiudadilal.-bcginning wiil
Gaiuda; yaila-as; uliam-said; padmoiiaia-llandc-in iljc Padma Puiana, Uiiaia-
llanda; iii-pad-vibluicl-ol ilicc louiils ol ilc Loid's poicncics; lolal-ilc woild;
iu-indccd; iii-ilus; adau-bcginning; blagavai-sandaiblodaliic-dcsciibcd in ilc
llagavai-sandaibla; asya-ol ilis; ca-also; iaiasilaivam-ilc siaic ol cbing ilc
maiginal poicncy; jïvaiva-piasiddlcl-ol ilc piool ol bcing ilc individual spiiii
souls; ïsvaiaiva-ol ilc siaius ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; loiau-on ilc
cdgc; apiavcsai-bccausc ol noi cniciing.
Tlc liisi gioup consisis ol Gaiuda and ilc oilci cicinal associaics ol ilc Loid,
Tlcsc dcvoiccs ialc slclici ol ilc Loid's inicinal poicncy and cnjoy pasiimcs wiil
Him. Tlcy icsidc in ilc spiiiiual woild, wlicl will bc dcsciibcd in ilc llagavai-
sandaibla (anucclcda 7S) wlcic ilc lollowing woids ol Padma Puiana, Uiiaia-
llanda aic quoicd:
"Counilcss blisslul spiiiiual plancis aic in ilc spiiiiual sly, wlicl is ilicc
louiils ol ilc cniiic cicaiion."
Tlus, alilougl ilc naiuic ol ilc individual souls is on ilc boidcilinc ol ilc
naiuic ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad, ilc individual souls do noi cnici
ilai naiuic. Tlus ilcy icmain dillcicni liom ilc Loid.
Tcxi 3
apaias iu iai-paianmullaiva-doscna labdla-cclidiaya mayaya paiibluial
samsaiï. yailoliam lamsa-gulya-siavc saivam puman vcda gunams ca iaj-jno na
vcda saivajnam ananiam ïdc iii.
apaial-oilcis; iu-bui; iai-paianmullaiva-doscna-wiil ilc dclcci ol bcing
avcisc io ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; labdla-cclidiaya-lauliy; mayaya-by
ilc illusoiy poicncy; paiibluial-dclcaicd; samsaiï.-icsiding in ilc maiciial woild;
yaila-as; uliam-said; lamsa-gulya-siavc-in ilcHamsa-gulya Piaycis; saivam
puman vcda gunams ca iaj-jno na vcda saivajnam ananiam ïdc iii-Siïmad-
llagavaiam 6.+.25.
Tlc oilci individual souls, ilc icbcllious souls wlo aic avcisc io ilc Supicmc
Loid, bccomc conqucicd by ilc illusoiy poicncy maya and musi livc in ilc
maiciial woild. Tlcy aic dcsciibcd in ilc lollowing woids ol ilc Hamsa-gulya
Piaycis (Siïmad-llagavaiam 6.+.25):
"lui ilc living bcing, bccausc ol lis spiiiiual naiuic, can lnow lis body, ilcn
lilc aiis, ilc scnscs, ilc clcmcnis, and ilc scnsc objccis, and lc can also lnow ilc
ilicc qualiiics ilai loim ilcii ioois. Ncvciilclcss, alilougl ilc living bcing is
complcicly awaic ol ilcm, lc is unablc io scc ilc Supicmc lcing, wlo is
omniscicni and unlimiicd. I ilcicloic ollci my icspccilul obcisanccs unio Him."¯
Tcxi +
cladasc ca blayam dviiïyablinivcsaial syai iiy adi.
cladasc-in ilc Llcvcnil Canio; ca-ALSO; blayam dviiïyablinivcsaial syai iiy
adi-Siïmad-llagavaiam 11.2.37.
Tlc icbcllious individual spiiii souls avcisc io ilc Supicmc Loid, souls wlo
musi ilcn icsidc in ilc maiciial woild, aic also dcsciibcd in ilcsc woids ol
Siïmad-llagavaiam (11.2.37):
"Wlcn ilc living cniiiy is aiiiacicd by ilc maiciial cncigy, wlicl is scpaiaic
liom Kisna, lc is ovcipowcicd by lcai. lccausc lc is scpaiaicd liom ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad by ilc maiciial cncigy, lis conccpiion ol lilc is icvciscd.
In oilci woids, insicad ol bcing ilc cicinal scivani ol Kisna, lc bccomcs Kisna's
compciiioi. Tlis is callcd vipaiyayo 'smiiil."¯
Tcxi 5

yailoliam vaisnavc
iaya iiioliiaivac ca.
saliil lsciiajna-samjniial
saiva-bluicsu blupala
iaiaiamycna vaiiaic. iii.
yaila-as; uliam-said; vaisnavc-in ilc Visnu Puiana; iaya-by lci; iiioliiaivac-
bcing liccd liom ilc inllucncc; ca.-also; saliil-ilc poicncy; lsciiajna-lsciiajna;
samjniial-lnown by ilc namc; saiva-bluicsu-in dillcicni iypcs ol bodics;
blupala-O ling; iaiaiamycna-in dillcicni dcgiccs; vaiiaic.-cxisis; iii.-ilus.
Tlc icbcllious souls avcisc io ilc Loid and ilus icsiding in ilc maiciial woild
aic also dcsciibcd in ilcsc woids ol Siï Visnu Puiana (6.7.63):
"Tlc living cniiiy, covcicd by ilc inllucncc ol ncscicncc, cxisis in dillcicni
loims in ilc maiciial condiiion. O ling, lc is ilus piopoiiionaicly liccd liom ilc
inllucncc ol maiciial cncigy, io gicaici oi lcssci dcgiccs."¯
Tcxi 6
iad-vaiga-dvayam cvoliam siï-viduicnapi
iaiivanam blagavams icsam
laiidla piaiisanliamal
iaiicmam la upasïian
la u svid anusciaic. iiy ancna.
iad-vaiga-dvayam-ilcsc iwo gioups; cva-indccd; uliam-said; siï-viduicna-by Siï
Viduia; api-also; iaiivanam-ilc clcmcnis ol nnaiuic; blagavan-O gicai sagc; icsam-
ol ilcm; laiidla-low many'; piaiisanliamal-dissoluiions iaiia-ilcicupon; imam-
unio ilc Supicmc Loid; lc-wlo aic ilcy'; upasïian-bcing savcd; la-wlo aic ilcy';
u-wlo; svii-may; anusciaic-scivc ilc Loid wlilc lc slccps; iii-ilus; ancna.-by ilis.
Tlc iwo gioups ol individual souls aic linicd in ilcsc woids ol Siï Viduia
(Siïmad-llagavaiam 3.7.37):
"Plcasc dcsciibc low many dissoluiions ilcic aic loi ilc clcmcnis ol maiciial
naiuic and wlo suivivcs alici ilc dissoluiion io scivc ilc Loid wlilc Hc is
aslccp."¯
Tcxi 7
iaiia paiamcsvaia-paianmullanam jïvanam suddlanam api iac-clalii-visisiai
paiamcsvaiai sopadlilam janma blavaii. iac ca janma nijopadli-janmana nija-
janmablimana-lciuladlyaimilaivavasila piapiii cva.
iaiia-ilcic; paiamcsvaia-paianmullanam-avcisc io ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad; jïvanam-ol ilc individual spiiii souls; suddlanam-puic; api-cvcn; iac-
clalii-visisiai-bccausc ol bcing onc ilc ilc Supicmc Loid's poicncics;
paiamcsvaiai-liom ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; sopadlilam-wiil a
maiciial body; janma-biiil; blavaii.-is; iac-ilai; ca-also; janma-biiil; nijopadli-
janmana-by biiil ol ilc maiciial body; nija-janma-own biiil; ablimana-idca;
lciula-causc; adlyaimilaiva-ol ilc body; avasila-siaic ol bcing; piapiil-
aiiainmcni; cva-indccd.
Tlc icbcllious puic spiiii souls avcisc io ilc Loid ilus ialc biiil in a maiciial
body. Wlcn ilc body is ilus boin, ilc bcwildcicd soul ilinls lc is boin. Hc
ilinls ilai lis cxisicncc bcgins ai ilai poini.
Tcxi S
iad ciad alul
na glaiaia udblaval pialiii-puiusayoi ajayoi
ublaya-yuja blavaniy asu-bliio jala-budbuda-vai
ivayi ia imc iaio vividla-nama-gunail paiamc
saiiia ivainavc madluni lilyui ascsa-iasal
iai-ilis; ciai-ilai; alul-ilcy say; na-noi; glaiaia-is; udblaval-biiil; pialiii-
puiusayol-ol maiici and spiiii; ajayol-unboin; ublaya-yuja-wiil boil; blavanii-
aic; asu-bliial-living bodics; jala-budbuda-vai-lilc bubblcs in ilc aici; ivayi-in
You; ia-ilcy; imc-ilcy; iaial-ilcn; vividla-nama-gunail-wiil many dillcicni
namcs; paiamc-in ilc Supicmc; saiiia-iivcis; iva-lilc; ainavc-in ilc occan;
madluni-in loncy; lilyul-aic mcigcd; ascsa-iasal-all llavois.
Tlc Pcisonilicd Vcdas dcsciibc ilc biiil ol ilcsc icbcllious souls in ilcsc
woids addicsscd io ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad (Siïmad-llagavaiam
10.S7.31):

"Nciilci maiciial naiuic noi ilc soul wlo iiics io cnjoy lci aic cvci boin, yci
living bodics comc inio bcing wlcn ilcsc iwo combinc, jusi as bubblcs loim
wlcic waici mccis ilc aii. And jusi as iivcis mcigc inio ilc occan oi ilc ncciai
liom many dillcicni llowcis blcnds inio loncy, so all ilcsc condiiioncd bcings
cvcniually mcigc bacl inio You, ilc Supicmc, along wiil ilcii vaiious namcs and
qualiiics."¯
Tcxi 9
pialiiais iiaigunyam. puiusal suddlo jïvas iayoi dvayoi apy ajaivad udblavo
na glaiaic. yc casu-bliia adlyaimila-iupal sopadlayo jïva jayanic. ic iai-iad-
ublaya-salii-yuja paiamaimanaiva laiancna jayanic. pialiii-vilaia-pialaycna
supia-vasanaivai suddlas ial paiamaimani lïna jïvallyal saliayal sisii-lalc
vilaiinïm pialiiim asajya lsubliia-vasanal saiyal sopadlilavasilam
piapnavaniya cva vyuccaiianiïiy aiilal.
pialiiail-maiciial; iiaigunyam.-ilc ilicc modcs; puiusal-pcison; suddlal-
puic; jïval-soul; iayol-ol ilcm; dvayol-iwo; api-also; ajaivai-bccausc ol bcing
unboin; udblaval-biiil; na-noi; glaiaic.-is; yc-wlo; ca-also; asu-bliia-living
bodics; adlyaimila-iupal-ilc loim ol ilc scll; sopadlayal-wiil maiciial
dcsignaiions; jïva-souls; jayanic.-aic boin; ic-ilcy; iai-iad-ublaya-salii-yuja-wiil
ilosc iwo poicncics; paiamaimana-by icl Supcisoul; cva-indccd; laiancna-by ilc
causc; jayanic.-aic boin; pialiii-ol maiici; vilaia-iiansloimaiions; pialaycna-by
dcsiiuciion; supia-slccping; vasanaivai-bccausc ol pasi maiciial dcsiics; suddlal-
puic; ial-ilcy; paiamaimani-in ilc Supcisoul; lïna-mcigcd; jïvallyal-callcd souls;
saliayal-poicncics; sisii-lalc-ai ilc iimc ol maiciial cicaiion; vilaiinïm-
iiansloimaiion; pialiiim-maiici; asajya-bcing aiiaclcd; lsubliia-agiiaicd;
vasanal-dcsiics; saiyal-bcing so; sopadlilavasilam-wiil maiciial dcsignaiions;
piapnavaniya-aiiaining; cva-indccd; vyuccaianii-iiansgicss; iii-ilus; aiilal-ilc
mcaning.
Hcic ilc woid "pialiiil" mcans "ilc ilicc modcs ol maiciial naiuic",
"puiusal" mcans "ilc puic spiiii soul". lccausc nciilci ilc individual souls noi
ilc maiciial woild ol ilc ilicc modcs aic cvci boin, ilc vcisc dcclaics, "na glaiaia
udblaval" (ilcy aic noi boin). "Asu-bliial" mcans "ilc souls wlo ialc biiil in
maiciial bodics", ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad Himscll causcs ilcsc iwo
poicncics (ilc poicncy ilai is ilc individual soul and ilc poicncy ilai is ilc
maiciial cncigy) io ialc biiil. Wlcn ilc vaiious iiansloimaiions ol maiici linally
dcsiioy ilc maiciial woild, ilc poicncics lnown as ilc puic individual souls, ilcii
maiciial dcsiics now doimani, cnici ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad.
Howcvci, wlcn ilc maiciial woild is cicaicd again, ilcsc souls bccomc aiiiacicd io
ilc vaiious iiansloimaiions ol maiici. Tlcii maiciial dcsiics ilus aiouscd, ilcy
again ialc biiil in maiciial bodics. Tlai is ilc mcaning ol ilis vcisc.
Tcxi 10
ciad ablipiciyaiva blagavan cla ascdam iiy adi iiiïya-slandla-pialaianc
ciai-ilis; ablipiciya-inicnding; cva-indccd; blagavan cla ascdam iiy adi iiiïya-
slandla-pialaianc-in Siïmad-llagavaiam 3.5.22.
Tlis is also dcsciibcd in ilc lollowing woids ol Siïmad-llagavaiam (3.5.23):
"Tlc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad, ilc masici ol all living cniiiics, cxisicd
piioi io ilc cicaiion as onc wiiloui a sccond. Ii is by His will only ilai cicaiion is
madc possiblc and again cvciyiling mcigcs in Him."¯
Tcxi 11
lala-viiiya iu mayayam
guna-mayyam adlolsajal
puiuscnaima-bluicna
vïiyam adlaiia vïiyavan
lala-ilc cicinal iimc; viiiya-by ilc inllucncc; iu-bui; mayayam-in ilc cxicinal
cncigy; guna-mayyam-in ilc qualiiaiivc modcs ol naiuic; adlolsajal-ilc
Tiansccndcncc; puiuscna-by ilc puiusa incainaiion; aima-bluicna-wlo is ilc
plcnaiy cxpansion ol ilc Loid; vïiyam-ilc sccds ol ilc living bcings; adlaiia-
impicgnaicd; vïiyavan-ilc Supicmc Living lcing.
Tlc cicaiion is again dcsciibcd in ilcsc woids ol Siïmad-llagavaiam (3.5.26):
"Tlc Supicmc Living lcing in His lcaiuic as ilc iiansccndcnial puiusa
incainaiion, wlo is ilc Loid's plcnaiy cxpansion, impicgnaics ilc maiciial naiuic
ol ilicc modcs, and ilus by ilc inllucncc ol cicinal iimc ilc living cniiiics
appcai."¯
Tcxi 12
iiy ancna vïiya-sabdoliasya jïvasya pialiiav adlanam uliam. cvam siï-
gïiopanisaisv api mama yonim malad bialma iasmin gaiblam dadlamy alam iiy
aiioliam. iïla-laiais ca bialma-sabdcna pialiiii vyallyaia. gaibla-sabdcna jïva
iii.
iii-ilus; ancna-wiil ilis; vïiya-sabdoliasya-ol ilc woid viiya"; jïvasya-ol ilc
individual soul; pialiiau-in ilc maiciial woild; adlanam-placing; uliam.-is said;
cvam-ilus; siï-gïiopanisaisv-in llagavad-giia; api-also; mama yonim malad
bialma iasmin gaiblam dadlamy alam iii-llagavad-giia 1+.3; aiia-lcic; uliam-
said; iïla-laiail-by ilc auiloi ol ilc comnmcniaiy; ca-also; bialma-sabdcna-by
ilc woid lialma; pialiiil-maiici; vyallyaia.-cxplaincd; gaibla-sabdcna-by icl
woid gaibla; jïva-ilc soul; iii-ilus.
Tlc woid "vïiya" lcic dcsciibcs ilc individual soul's cniiancc inio ilc maiciial
woild. Tlis is also dcsciibcd by ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad Himscll in
ilcsc woids ol llagavad-gïia 1+.3):
"ilc ioial maiciial subsiancc, callcd lialman, is ilc souicc ol biiil, and ii is
ilai lialman ilai I impicgnaic, maling possiblc ilc biiils ol ilc living bcings, O
son ol llaiaia."¯
In lis cxplanaiion ol ilis vcisc, ilc commcniaioi says ilai lcic ilc woid
"bialma" mcans "ilc maiciial woild" and ilc woid "gaiblam" mcans "ilc
individual spiiii soul".
Tcxi 13
punai csa cva iiiïyc
daivai lsobliia-dlaiminyam
svasyam yonau paial puman
adlaiia vïiyam sasuia
malai-iaiivam liianmayam
punal-again; csa-lc; cva-indccd; iiiïyc-in ilc Tliid Canio; daivai-by ilc
dcsiinyol ilc condiiioncd souls; lsobliia-agiiaicd; dlaiminyam-wlosc
cquilibiium ol ilc modcs; svasyam-His own; yonau-in ilc womb (maiciial
naiuic); paial puman-ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; adlaiia-impicgnaicd;
vïiyam-scmcn (His inicinal poicncy); sa-slc (maiciial naiuic); asuia-dclivcicd;
malai-iaiivam-ilc sum ioial ol cosmic iniclligcncc; liianmayam-lnown as
Hiianmaya.
Tlis is also dcsciibcd in ilc lollowing woids ol Siïmad-llagavaiam (3.26.19):
"Alici ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad impicgnaics maiciial naiuic wiil
His inicinal poicncy, maiciial naiuic dclivcis ilc sum ioial ol ilc cosmic
iniclligcncc, wlo is lnown as Hiianmaya. Tlis ialcs placc in maiciial naiuic wlcn
slc is agiiaicd by ilc dcsiinaiions ol ilc condiiioncd souls."¯
Tcxi 1+
iiy aiia vïiyam cic-claliim iii iïlayam vyallyaiam aial saliiivam apy asya
iïla-sammaiam. iaio 'lasmad udblava-maiiamsc disianial jala-budbuda-vad iii.
aial punai api pialaya-samayc ia imc sopadlila jïvas ivayi bimba-silanïya-mula-
cid-iupc iasmi-silanïya-cid-cla-lalsana-suddla-jïva-salii-mayc. iaia cva svam
apiio blavaii iiy adi siuiau sva-sabdablidlcyc paiamc paiamaimani vividla-nama-
gunaii vividlablii dcvadi-samjnablii vividlail subasubla-gunais ca sala lilyui
lïyanic.
iii-ilus; aiia-lcic; vïiyam-viiyam; cic-claliim-ilc spiiiiual poicncy; iii-ilus;
iïlayam-in ilc commcniaiy; vyallyaiam-cxplaincd; aial-ilcn; saliiivam-ilgc
siaius ol a poicncy; api-also; asya-ol ilis; iïla-sammaiam.-ilc conclusion ol ilc
commcniaiy; iaial-ilcn; alasmai-suddcnly; udblava-boin; maiia-only; amsc-paii;
disianial-cxamplc; jala-budbuda-vai-lilc loam on ilc waici; iii.-ilus; aial-ilcn;
punal-again; api-also; pialaya-samayc-ai icl iimc ol cosmic dcsiiuciion; ia-ilcy;
imc-ilcy; sopadlila-wiil maiciial bodics; jïval-souls; ivayi-in You; bimba-
silanïya-as a ciiclc; mula-iooi; cii-spiiii; iupc-in ilc loim; iasmi-silanïya-iays ol
ligli; cid-cla-lalsana-spiiiiusl naiuic; suddla-jïva-puic souls; salii-mayc-
consisiing ol poicncy; iaia-ilcn; cva-indccd; svam-pcisonally; api-aso; iial-ilcn;
blavaii-is; iii-ilus; adi-bcginning; siuiau-in ilc Siuii; sva-sva; sabda-woid;
ablidlcyc-io bc namcd; paiamc-supicmc; paiamaimani-in ilci Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; vividla-nama-gunail-wiil vaiious namcs and qualiiics;
vividlablil-vaiious; dcvadi-samjnablil-wiil ilc namc sol ilc dcmigods and
oilcis; vividlail-vaiious; subasubla-gunail-wiil auspoicious and inauspicious
qualiiics; ca-and; sala-wiil; lilyul-lilyul; lïyanic.-mcigc.
Hcic Siïla Siïdlaia Svamï cxplains ilai ilc woid vïiya" mcans "ilc spiiiiual
poicncy". Tlus ilc conclusion ol ilc commcniaioi is ilai ilc individual souls aic
poicncics ol ilc Supicmc Loid. Hcic ilc woid "jala-budbuda-vai" (lilc bubblcs in
ilc waici) is givcn io dcsciibc ilc souls' biiil in ilc maiciial woild. Tlcn again,
ilc vcisc cxplains, "Ai ilc iimc ol cosmic annililaiion ilc cmbodicd souls again
cnici You, O Loid". Tlus ilc puic individual souls aic a poicncy ol ilc Loid. Tlcy
aic lilc iays ol ligli cmanaiing liom ilc sun ilai is ilc Loid. Tlis is conliimcd in
ilc Siuii-sasiia in ilc woids:
"Tlc living cniiiics aic manilcsicd liom ilc Loid."
Hcic ilc woid "paiamc" mcans "ion ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad",
"vividla-nama-gunail" mcans "wiil ilc namcs ol ilc vaiious dcmigods and oilci
living bcings and wiil ilcii auspicious and inauspicious qualiiics also, and
"lilyul" mcans "ilcy mcigcd".
Tcxi 15
puivavai pialayc 'pi disianial saiiia ivainavc iii. ascsa-iasa iva madluni iii ca
puivavai-as bcloic; pialayc-in dcvasiaiion; api-cvcn; disianial-cxamplc; saiiia-
iivcis; iva-lilc; ainavc-in ilc occan; iii.-ilus; ascsa-all; iasa-llavois; iva-lilc;
madluni-in loncy; iii-ilus; ca-and.
Tlis vcisc givcs iwo cxamplc io dcsciibc ilc pciiod ol cosmic dcvasiaiion. Onc
cxamplc is ilc cxamplc ol iivcis cniciing ilc occan and ilc oilci is ilc cxamplc ol
ilc ncciai ol dillcicni llowcis blcnding inio loncy.
Tcxi 16
aiia dcva-manusyadi-nama-iupa-paiiiyagcna iasmin lïnc 'pi svaiupa-blcdo 'siy
cva. iai-iad-amsa-samblavadiiy-ablipiayal.
aiia-lcic; dcva-manusya-dcmigods and luman bcings; adi-bcginning; nama-
namcs; iupa-and loims; paiiiyagcna-by abandoning; iasmin-in Him; lïnc-cnicicd;
api-cvcn; svaiupa-blcdal-dillcicncc ol loims; asii-is; cva.-indccd; iai-iad-amsa-
samblavadiiy-ablipiayal-bccausc ilcy aic all vaiious paiis and paiccls ol Him.
In ilis way ilc souls abandoning ilcii namcs and loims ol dcmigods, luman
bcings, oi oilci spccics ol lilc and mcigc inio ilc body ol ilc Loid. Howcvci,
bccausc ilcy aic all in iiuil paiis and paiccls ol ilc Loid, ilcy all iciain ilcii
individual idcniiiics, cvcn wlcn ilcy aic mcigcd in ilc Loid's body.
Tcxi 17
aiia siuiayal lanicmas iisio dcvaia ancna jïvcnaimananupiavisya nama-iupc
vyalaiavani iii.
aiia-lcic; siuiayal-ilc Siuii-sasiias; lania-indccd; imal-ilcy; iisial-ilicc;
dcvaia-dcmigods; ancna-by ilis; jïvcna-by ilc individual soul; aimana-by ilc soul;
anupiavisya-cniciinl; nama-iupc-namcs and loims; vyalaiavani-I will malc; iii-
ilus.
Tlis is also dcsciibcd in ilc lollowing woids ol Clandogya Upanisad (6.3.2):
"Tlcn ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad ilougli: Lci mc cicaic ilc namcs
and loims ol ilc ilicc linds ol maiciial bodics and lci mc placc ilc condiiioncd
souls in ilosc bodics."
Tcxi 1S
ajam clam loliia-sulla-lisnam
balvïl piajal sijamanam sa-iupal
ajo ly clo jusamano 'nuscic
jalaiy cnam blulia-blogam ajo 'nyal. iii.
ajam-unboin; clam-onc; loliia-sulla-lisnam-icd, wliic, and blacl; balvïl-
many; piajal-clildicn; sijamanam-cicaiing; sa-iupal-wiil loims; ajal-unboin; li-
indccd; clal-onc; jusamanal-doing; anuscic-lollows; jalaii-icjccis; cnam-lci;
blulia-cnjoycd; blogam-cnjoymcni; ajal-unboin; anyal-anoilci; iii.-ilus.
Tlis is also dcsciibcd in ilcsc woids ol ilc Svciasvaiaia Upanisad (+.5):
"An unboin many cnjoys and unboin icd, wliic, and blacl woman wlo bcais
many clildicn lilc lciscll. Anoilci unboin man liisi cnjoys and ilcn loisalcs
lci."
Noic: Tlc unboin woman is ilc maiciial naiuic. Tlc colois icd, wliic, and
blacl aic ilc modcs ol passion, goodncss, and ignoiancc. Tlc many clildicn aic
ilc ingicdicnis ol ilc maiciial univciscs. Tlc liisi unboin man is ilc condiiioncd
soul. Tlc sccond unboin man is ilc soul wlo, alici iiying io cnjoy maiici, linally
icnounccs ilc woild and aiiains libciaiion.
Tcxi 19
yaila nadyal syandamanal samudic
asiam gacclanii nama-iupc vilaya
iaila vidvan nama-iupad vimulial
paiai paiam puiusam upaiii divyam
yaila-as; nadyal-iivcis; syandamanal-llowing; samudic-in ilc occan; asiam-
placcd; gacclanii-go; nama-iupc-loims and namcs; vilaya-abandoning; iaila-so;
vidvan-a wisc pcison; nama-iupai-liom namcs and loims; vimulial-licc; paiai-
ilan ilc gicaicsi; paiam-igicaici; puiusam-ilc Supicmc Pcison; upaiii-aiiains;
divyam-iiansccndcnial.
Tlis is also dcsciibcd in ilcsc woids ol ilc Mundala Upanisad (3.2.S):
"As iivcis abandon ilcii namcs and loims and mcci wiil ilc occan, so ilc wisc
iiansccndcnialisi abandons lis maiciial namc and loim and mccis ilc gloiious
Supicmc Pcison."
Tcxi 20
yaila saumycma madlu madlu-liio nisiisilanii nana-iupanam vilsanam
iasan samavalaiam claiam iasam gamayanii. ic yaila iaiia vivclam na lablanic.
amusyalam vilsasya iaso 'smy amusyalam vilsasya iaso 'smïiy cvam cva llalu
saumycmal piajal saii sampadya na vidul saii sampadyamalc iii.
yaila-as; saumya-O gcnilc onc; ima-ilcy; madlu-loncy; madlu-liial-maling
loncy; nisiisilanii-cnici; nana-iupanam-ol vaiious loims; vilsanam-ol iiccs;
iasan-iasics; samavalaiam-caiiy; claiam-oncncss; iasam-iasic; gamayanii.-causc io
aiiain; ic-ilcy; yaila-as; iaiia-ilcic; vivclam-disiinciion; na-noi; lablanic.-aiiain;
amusya-ol Him; alam-I; vilsasya-ol ilc iicc; iasal-iasic; asmi-am; amusya-ol Him;
alam-I; vilsasya-ol ilc iicc; iasal-ilc iasic; asmi-am; iii-ilus; cvam-ilus; cva-
indccd; llalu-indccd; saumya-O gcnilc onc; imal-ilcy; piajal-clildicn; saii-bcing
so; sampadya-aiiaining; na-noi; vidul-lnow; saii-bcing so; sampadyamalc-wc
aiiain; iii-ilus.
Tlis is also dcsciibcd in ilcsc woids ol Clandogya Upanisad (6.9.1-2):
"As bccs malc loncy liom ilc ncciai ol many dillcicni linds ol iiccs, and as,
wlcn mcigcd iogcilci in ilc loncy, ilc dillcicni ncciais do noi siand up and say:
I am ilc ncciai liom sucl-and-sucl iicc', oi I am ilc ncciai liom sucl-and-sucl
iicc', in ilc samc way, wlcn ilcy mcigc inio ilc body ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy
ol Godlcad, ilc many dillcicni spiiii souls do noi say I lavc comc liom sucl-
and-sucl spccics ol lilc', oi I lavc comc liom sucl-and-sucl spccics ol lilc'."
Tcxi 21
siuiayal siï-blagavaniam.
siuiayal-ilc Pcisonilicd Vcdas; siï-blagavaniam-io ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad.
Tlc vcisc quoicd in ilc bcginning ol ilis anucclcda was spolcn by ilc
Pcisonilicd Vcdas io ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad.
Anuccheda +8
Tcxi 1
iad cvam paiamaimanas iaiasilallya saliii viviia. aniaiangallya iu puivavad
cva jncya. aila baliiangallya viviiyaic
iai-ilai; cvam-ilus; paiamaimanal-ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad;
iaiasilallya-callcd ilc maiginal poicncy; saliil-poicncy; viviia.-icvcalcd;
aniaiangallya-callcd ilc inicinal poicncy; iu-indccd; puivavai-as bcloic; cva-
indccd; jncya-slould bc lnown; aila-now; baliiangallya-callcd ilc cxicinal
poicncy; viviiyaic-is icvcalcd.
In ilis way wc lavc dcsciibcd ilc Loid's maiginal poicncy. wc lavc alicady
dcsciibcd ilc Loid's inicinal poicncy. Now wc will dcsciibc ilc Loid's cxicinal
poicncy.
Tcxi 2
csa maya blagavaial
sisii-siliiy-ania-laiinï
iii-vaina vainiiasmablil
lim bluyal sioium icclasi
csa-slc; maya-maya; blagavaial-ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; sisii-
siliiy-ania-laiinï-pciloiming ilc aciiviiics ol cicaiion, mainicnancc, and
dcsiiuciionm; iii-vaina-ilicc linds; vainiia-dcsciibcd; asmablil-by us; lim-
wlai'; bluyal-moic; sioium-io lcai; icclasi-you wisl.
Tlc Loid's cxicinal poicncy is dcsciibcd in ilcsc woids ol Siïmad-llagavaiam
(11.3.16):
"I lavc now dcsciibcd maya, ilc illusoiy cncigy ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad. Tlis illusoiy poicncy, consisiing ol ilc ilicc modcs ol maiciial naiuic,
is cmpowcicd by ilc Loid loi ilc cicaiion, mainicnancc, and annililaiion ol ilc
maiciial univcisc. Now, wlai moic do you wisl io lcai'"¯¯¯
Tcxi 3
blagavaial svaiupa-bluiaisvaiyadcl paiamaimana csa iaiasila-lalsancna
puivolia jagai-sisiy-adi-laiinï mayallya saliil. iiayo vaina guna yasyal sa.
blagavaial-ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; svaiupa-liom His own
naiuic; bluia-manilcsicd; aisvaiya-opuclnccs; adcl-bcginning; paiamaimana-ol
ilc Supcisoul; csa-lc; iaiasila-maiginal; lalsancna-wiil ilc naiuic; puivolia-
picviously said; jagai-sisiy-adi-laiinï-ilc causzc ol cicaiion, mainicnancc, and
dcsiiuciion; mayallya-callcd maya; saliil.-poicncy; iiayal-ilicc; vaina-vainas;
guna-modcs; yasyal-ol wlom; sa-ilai.
Hcic ilc woid "blagavaial" mcans "ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad,
wlo is ilc masici ol all opulcnccs and gloiics", "csa" mcans, "ilc picviously
dcsciibcd poicncy, wlicl is callcd "maya", wlicl is ilc causc ol cicaiion,
mainicnancc and dcsiiuciion, and wlicl las a iclaiionslip wiil ilc maiginal
poicncy," and iii-vainal" mcans "ilc ilicc modcs ol maiciial naiuic".
Tcxi +
iaila cailaivanilal pailanii siiasiia ca lisna ca saiva-lama-dugla viblol iii.
iaila-so; ca-also; ailaivanilal-ilc Ailaiva Vcdas; pailanii-icad; siiasiia-blacl
and wliic; ca-and; lisna-blacl; ca-and; saiva-all; lama-dugla-lullilling dcsiics;
viblol-ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; iii-ilus.
Tlc ilicc modcs ol naiuic aic dcsciibcd in ilc lollowing woids ol ilc Ailaiva
Vcda:
"Iiom ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad wcic manilcsicd ilicc modcs ilai
wcic wliic, icd, and blacl. Tlcsc modcs wcic mcani io lullill ilc maiciial dcsiics
ol ilc condiiioncd souls."
Tcxi 5
uliam ca daivï ly csa gunamayï mama maya duiaiyaya iiy aiia gunamayïii.
uliam-said; ca-also; daivï ly csa gunamayï mama maya duiaiyaya iii-llagavad-
giia 7.1+; aiia-lcic; gunamayï-gunamayï; iii-ilus.
Tlc ilicc modcs ol maiciial naiuic aic also dcsciibcd by ilc Supicmc Loid in
ilcsc woids ol llagavad-gïia (7.1+):
"Tlis divinc cncigy ol Minc, consisiing ol ilc ilicc modcs ol maiciial naiuic, is
vciy dilliculi io ovcicomc."¯
In ilis vcisc ilc woid "gunamayï" iclcis io ilc ilicc modcs ol maiciial naiuic.
Tcxi 6
aniaiïlso vidclam.
aniaiïlsal-Aniaiïlso; vidclam-io Vidcla.
Tlc vcisc quoicd in ilc bcginning ol ilis anucclcda was spolcn by Aniaiïlsa
Muni io ilc ling ol Vidcla.
Anucchedas +9-50
Tcxi 1
iasya mayayas camsa-dvayam. iaiia guna-iupasya mayallyasya nimiiiamsasya
diavya-iupasya piadlanallyasyopadanamsasya ca paiaspaiam blcdam ala
caiuiblil
iasyal-ol ilis; mayayal-maya; ca-also; amsa-dvayam.-iwo paiis; iaiia-ilcic;
guna-iupasya-ol ilc modcs; mayallyasya-callcd maya; nimiiia-cicaicd; amsasya-
paii; diavya-iupasya-ol a iling; piadlanallyasya-callcd piadlana; upadana-ol ilc
cicaioi; amsasya-ol a paii; ca-also; paiaspaiam-muiual; blcdam-dillcicncc; ala-
said; caiuiblil-wiil loui vciscs.
Tlc maya poicncy las iwo paiis: 1. ilc modcs ol maiciial naiuic, wlicl aic ilc
cicaiois ol ilc maiciial woild, and 2. ilc vaiious ingicdicnis ol wlicl ilc ilings
in ilc maiciial woild aic madc. Tlc ways ilcsc iwo paiis aic dillcicni aic
dcsciibcd in ilc loui Siïmad-llagavaiam vciscs io bc quoicd now in ilis bool.
Tcxi 2
aila ic sampiavalsyami
sanllyam puivaii vinisciiam
yad vijnaya puman sadyo
jalyad vailalpilam bliamam
aila-now; ic-io you; sampiavalsyami-I will dcsciibc; sanllyam-sanllya;
puivail-picvious; vinisciiam-dcsciibcd; yai-wlai; vijnaya-lnowing; puman-a
pcison; sadyal-ai oncc; jalyai-may abandon; vailalpilam-dualiiy; bliamam-
illusion.
In ilc liisi ol ilcsc vciscs ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad dcclaics
(Siïmad-llagavaiam 11.2+.1):
"Now I slall dcsciibc io you ilc scicncc ol snllya, wlicl las bccn pcilccily
csiablislcd ilc ancicni auiloiiiics. ly undcisianding ilis scicncc a pcison can
immcdiaicly givc up ilc illusion ol maiciial dualiiy."¯¯¯
Tcxi 3
iïla ca adviiïyam paiamaimano mayaya pialiii-puiusa-dvaia saivam dvaiiam
udcii. punas iaiiaiva lïyaia iiy anusandlanasya puiusasya dvandva-bliamo
nivaiiaia iii valium sanllyam piasiauii ailcii iiy csa.
iïla-commcniaiy; ca-and; adviiïyam-wiiloui a sccond; paiamaimanal-ol ilc
Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; mayaya-by maya; pialiii-puiusa-dvaia-by maiici
and ilc soul; saivam-all; dvaiiam-duall; udcii.-is manilcsi; punal-again; iaiia-
ilcic; cva-indccd; lïyaia-is mcigcd; iii-ilus; anusandlanasya-ol ilc conclusion;
puiusasya-ol ilc soul; dvandva-bliamal-bcwildcimcni ol dualiiy; nivaiiaia-gocs;
iii-ilus; valium-io say; sanllyam-sanllya; piasiauii-piaiscs; aila-ilcn iii-ilus;
iii-ilus; csa-ii.
Siïla Siïdlaia Svamï commcnis:
"Tlc illusoiy poicncy maya imposcs maiciial dualiiy on ilc spiiii souls. Tlc
sanllya plilosoply is spolcn io malcs ilc souls licc ol maiciial dualiiy. In ilis
way ilc Loid piaiscs ilc sanllya plilosoply."
Tcxi +
aiia piadlana-paiyayal pialiii-sabdal.
aiia-lcic; piadlana-ol piadlana; paiyayal-synonym; pialiii-sabdal-ilc woid
pialiii.
In ilis conicxi ilc woid "piadlana" is a synonym loi "pialiii" (maiciial
naiuic).
Tcxi 5
asïj jnanam ailo aiila
clam cvavilalpiiam
yada vivcla-nipuna
adau liia-yugc 'yugc
asïi-was; jnanam-lnowlcdgc; ailal-ilcn; aiila-puiposc; clam-onc; cva-indccd;
avilalpiiam-wiiloui dualiiy; yada-wlcn; vivcla-nipuna-cxpcii in disciiminaiion;
adau-in ilc bcginning; liia-yugc yugc-in saiya-yuga.
In ilc sccond ol ilcsc vciscs ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad dcclaics
(Siïmad-llagavaiam 11.2+.2):
"Oiiginally, duiing ilc Saiya-yuga, wlcn all mcn wcic vciy cxpcii in spiiiiual
disciiminaiion, and also picvious io ilai, duiing ilc pciiod ol annililaiion, ilc
scci cxisicd alonc, non-dillcicni liom ilc sccn objcci."¯¯¯
Tcxi 6
iïla ca ailo-sabdal laiisnyc. jnanam diasii icna disya-iupal liisno 'py aiilas
ca vilalpa-sunyam clam cva. bialmany cva lïnam asïd iiy aiilal iiy csa.
iïla-commcniaiy; ca-also; ailo-sabdal-ilc woid ailo; laiisnyc.-in
complcicncss; jnanam-lnowlcdgc; diasil-ilc scci; icna-by ilai; disya-iupal-ilc
liom ol ilc sccn; liisnal-complcic; api-also; aiilal-mcasning; ca-and; vilalpa-
sunyam-wiiloui dualiiy; clam-onc; cva.-indccd; bialmani-in lialman; cva-
indccd; lïnam-mcigcd; asïi-was; iii-ilus; aiilal-ilc mcaning; iii-ilus; csa-ii.
Siïla Siïdlaia Svamï commcnis:
"Hcic ilc woid ailo" mcans complcicly', and jnanam' mcans ilcic was no
longci any dillcicncc bciwccn scci and sccn, loi all was mcigcd in lialman'."
Tcxi 7
iiiïya-slandlc ca blagavan cla ascdam agia aimaimanam viblul iiy adau yad
blagavaiivcna sabdyaic. iad cvaiia bialmaivcna sabdyaic iii.
iiiïya-slandlc-in ilc Tliid Canio; ca-also; blagavan cla ascdam agia
aimaimanam viblul iiy adau-Siïmad-llagavaiam 3.5.23; yai-wlai; blagavaiivcna-
by ilc posiiion ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; sabdyaic.-is said; iai-ilai;
cva-indccd; aiia-lcic; bialmaivcna-by ilc posiiion ol lialman; sabdyaic-is said;
iii-ilus.
Tlis is also dcsciibcd in ilc lollowing woids ol Siïmad-llagavaiam (3.5.23):
"ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad, ilc masici ol all living cniiiics, cxisicd
piioi io ilc cicaiion as onc wiiloui a sccond. Ii is by His will only ilai cicaiion is
madc possiblc and again cvciyiling mcigcs in Him. Tlis Supicmc Scll is
sympiomizcd by dillcicni namcs."¯
Tcxi S
vadanii iiy adi-vad ublayaiiailam cva vasiu piaiipadyam.
vadanii iiy adi-vai-as in Siïmad-llagavaiam 1.2.11; ublayaiia-in boil; clam-
onc; cva-indccd; vasiu-subsiancc; piaiipadyam-io bc csiablislcd.
Tlis is also dcsciibcd in ilc lollowing woids ol Siïmad-llagavaiam (1.2.11):
"Lcaincd iiansccndcnialisis wlo lnow ilc Absoluic Tiuil call ilc non-dual
subsiancc lialman, Paiamaima, oi llagavan."¯
In ilis way ilc woid "lialman" and ilc woid ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad" boil signily ilc samc iiansccndcnial Absoluic.
Tcxi 9
anic iu csa sanllya-vidlil piolial iiy adau paiavaia-disa maya iiy ancna
blagavad-iupcnapy avasiliiil spasiaiva.
anic-ilc cnd;iu csa-indccd; sanllya-vidlil piolial iiy adau-Siïmad-
llagavaiam 11.2+.29; paiavaia-disa-sccing liglci and lowci; maya-maya; iii-ilus;
ancna-by ilis; blagavad-iupcna-by ilc loim ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad; api-also; avasiliiil-siiuaiion; spasia-clcai; cva-indccd.
Ai ilc cnd ol ilis clapici ol Siïmad-llagavaiam (11.2+.29) ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad dcclaics:
"Tlus I, ilc pcilcci scci ol cvciyiling maiciial and spiiiiual, lavc spolcn ilis
lnowlcdgc ol Sanllya, wlicl dcsiioys ilc illusion ol doubi by scicniilic analysis
ol cicaiion and annililaiion."¯¯¯
In ilis vcisc ilc woids "paiavaia-disa maya" dcsciibc ilc iiansccndcnial siaius
ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad.
Tcxi 10
ladciy apclsayam ala yada adau liia-yugc vivcla-nipuna jana blavanii.
iasminn ayugc iai-puivasmin pialaya-samayc iiy aiilal.
lada-wlcn'; iii-ilus; apclsayam-in iclaiionslip wiil; ala-said; yada-wlcn;
adau-in ilc bcginning; liia-yugc-in Saiya yuga; vivcla-nipuna-cxpcii in
disciiminaiion; jana-pcoplc; blavanii.-aic; iasminn-in ilai; ayugc-noi in ilc yuga;
iai-puivasmin-bcloic ilai; pialaya-samayc-ai ilc iimc ol dcvasiaiion; iii-ilus;
aiilal-ilc mcaning.
Hcic somconc may asl: "Wlcn did ilis occui, ilai ilc scci cxisicd alonc, non-
dillcicni liom ilc sccn objcci' Tlc answci is givcn lcic (in Siïmad-llagavaiam
11.2+.2, quoicd in icxi 7) in ilc woids "yada vivcla-nipuna adau liia-yugc 'yugc"
(Oiiginally, duiing ilc Saiya-yuga, lcn all mcn wcic vciy cxpcii in spiiiiual
disciiminaiion, and also picvious io ilai, duiing ilc pciiod ol annililaiion). Hcic
ilc woid ayugc" mcans "picvious io ilai, duiing ilc pciiod ol annililaiion".
Tcxi 11
ian-maya-plala-iupcna
lcvalam niivilalpiiam
van-mano-gocaiam saiyam
dvidla samablavcd bilai
ian-maya-ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad's maya poicncy; plala-icsulis;
iupcna-in ilc loim; lcvalam-only; niivilalpiiam-wiiloui dualiiy; val-woids;
manal-mind; gocaiam-in ilc icalm; saiyam-iiuil; dvidla-in iwo; samablavci-
bccamc; bilai-gicai.
In ilc ncxi ol ilcsc vciscs (Siïmad-llagavaiam 11.2+.3) ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad dcclaics:
"Tlai onc Absoluic Tiuil, icmaining licc liom maiciial dualiiics and
inacccssiblc io oidinaiy spcccl and mind, dividcd Himscll inio iwo caicgoiics: ilc
maiciial naiuic and ilc living cniiiics wlo aic iiying io cnjoy ilc manilcsiaiions ol
ilai naiuic."¯¯¯
Tcxi 12
iïla ca iad bilad bialma van-mano-gocaiam yaila blavaii iaila. maya disyam.
plalam iai-pialasal. iad-iupcna maya-iupcna vilasa-iupcna ca dvidla ablui iiy
csa.
iïla-commcniaiy; ca-and; iai-ilai; bilai-gicai; bialma-lialman; van-mano-
gocaiam-in ilc icalm ol woids and mind; yaila-as; blavaii-is; iaila-so; maya-
maya; disyam.-sscn; plalam-icsuli; iai-pialasal.-manilcsiaiion ol ilai; iad-
iupcna-wiil ilai loim; maya-iupcna-ilc loim ol maya; vilasa-iupcna-ilc loim ol
pasiimcs; ca-and; dvidla-in iwo; ablui-was; iii-ilus; csa-ii.
Siïla Siïdlaia Svamï commcnis:
"Hcic ilc woids "bilad van-mano-gocaiam" mcans ilc Absoluic Tiuil, wlo is
bcyond ilc mind and woids'. In ilc woid maya-plala-iupcna' maya' iclcis io ilc
visiblc woild and plala' iclcis io ilc scci ol ilc maiciial woild. Tlc woid
"dvidla" mcans "as maya and as ilc cnjoyci ol maya'."
Tcxi 13
aiia maya disyam iii. plalam iai-pialasa iii clcdal. icna bialmana yad disyam
vasiu ian-maya. iasya bialmano yal pialasa-viscsal. sa plalam iiy aiilal.
aiia-lcic; maya-maya; disyam-visiblc; iii.-ilus; plalam-icsuli; iai-pialasa-ilc
swcci ol ilai; iii-ilus; clcdal.-dillcicncc; icna-by ilai; bialmana-lialman; yai-
wlai; disyam-io bcsccn; vasiu-iling; ian-maya.-ilai maya; iasya-ol ilai;
bialmanal-Supicmc; yal-wlicl; pialasa-scci; viscsal-scpcilic; sa-ilai; plalam-
plala; iii-ilus; aiilal-ilc mcaning.
Hcic "maya" mcans "ilc visiblc woild", and "plala" mcans "lc wlo sccs ilc
visiblc woild". Tlcsc aic ilc iwo disiinciions. Wlai is sccn by ilc Supicmc is
callcd "maya", and ilc scci ilai is manilcsicd liom ilc Supicmc is callcd "plala".
Tlai is ilc mcaning.
Tcxi 1+
iayoi ly claiaio ly aiilal
pialiiil soblayaimila
jnanam iv anyaiamo blaval
puiusal so 'blidlïyaic
iayol-ol ilc iwo; li-indccd; claiaial-onc; li-indccd; aiilal-mcaning; pialiiil-
maiici; sa--ilai; ublayaimila-boil; jnanam-lnowlcdgc; iv-indccd; anyaiamal-
anoilci; blaval-mcaning; puiusal-pcisopn; sal-lc; ablidlïyaic-is callcd.
In ilc lasi ol ilcsc vciscs (Siïmad-llagavaiam 11.2+.+) ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad dcclaics:
"Ol ilcsc iwo caicgoiics ol manilcsiaiion, onc is maiciial naiuic, wlicl
cmbodics boil ilc subilc causcs and manilcsis pioducis ol maiici. Tlc oilci is ilc
conscious living cniiiy, dcsignaicd as ilc cnjoyci."¯¯¯
Tcxi 15
iïla ca iayoi dvidla-bluiayoi amsayoi madlyc ublayaimila laiya-laiana-
iupinï iiy csa.
iïla-commcniaiy; ca-and; iayol-iayol; dvidla-bluiayol-iwo linds; amsayol-
ol paiis; madlyc-in ilc midsi; ublayaimila-boil; laiya-laiana-iupinï-causc and
cllcci; iii-ilus; csa-ii.
Siïla Siïdlaia Svamï commcnis:
"Hcic ilc woid iayol' mcans ilc iwo dillcicni paiis-and-paiccls ol ilc Loid,
onc ol ilcm ilc causc and ilc oilci ilc cllcci'."
Tcxi 16
cvam siï-visnu-puianc visnol svaiupai paiaio 'li ic 'nyc iupc piadlanam
puiusas ca vipia
cvam-ilus; siï-visnu-puianc-in Siï Visnu Puiana; visnol-ol Loid Visnu;
svaiupai-liom ilc liom; paiaial-iiansccndcnial; li-indccd; ic-ilcy; anyc-oilcis;
iupc-in ilc loim; piadlanam-piadlana; puiusal-ilc pcison; ca-and; vipia-O
bialmana.
Tlcsc iwo poicncics aic also dcsciibcd in ilc lollowing woids ol Siï Visnu
Puiana (1.2.2+):
"O bialmana, liom ilc iiansccndcnial body ol Loid Visnu aic manilcsicd ilc
spiiii souls, ilc maiciial naiuic, and oilci ilings also."
Tcxi 17
iiy aiia icsam cva iïla ca paiaio niiupadlii visnol svaiupai ic piag ulic
piadlanam puiusas ccii dvc iupc anyc maya-liic iii.
iii-ilus; aiia-lcic; icsam-ol ilcm; cva-indccd; iïla-commcniaiy; ca-and;
paiaial-ol ilc iiansccndcnial; niiupadlil-wiiloui a maiciial body; visnol-ol Loid
Visnu; svaiupai-liom ilc loim; ic-ilcy; piag-bcloic; ulic-said; piadlanam-maiici;
puiusal-pcisopn; ca-and; iii-ilus; dvc-iwo; iupc-loims; anyc-oilci; maya-liic-
cicaicd by maya; iii-ilus.
Siïla Siïdlaia Svamï commcnis:
"Tlis vcisc mcans: Iiom ilc iiansccndcnial body ol Loid Visnu, wlicl is noi
maiciial, aic manilcsicd ilc spiiii souls and ilc maiciial naiuic, wlicl wcic boil
dcsciibcd picviously in ilis bool. Oilci ilings, cicaicd by ilc maya poicncy, wcic
also manilcsicd'."
Tcxi 1S
siï-blagavan.
siï-blagavan-ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad.
Tlc loui Siïmad-llagavaiam vciscs ilai loim ilc iooi ol ilcsc loui anucclcdas
(+9-52) wcic spolcn by ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad.
Anuccheda 53
Tcxi 1
anyaiia iayoi upadana-nimiiia-iupayoi amsayoi viiii-blcdcna blcdan apy ala
anyaiia-in anoilci placc; iayol-ol ilcm; upadana-nimiiia-iupayol-ilc
ingicdicni and ilc causc; amsayol-ol ilc iwo paiis; viiii-blcdcna-wiildillcicni
aciiviiics; blcdan-dillcicnccs; api-also; ala-said.
Tlc dillcicni aciiviiics ol ilcsc iwo paiis-and-paiccls ol ilc Loid, wlicl aic ilc
causc and ingicdicni ol ilc maiciial woild, aic dcsciibcd in ilcsc woids ol Siïmad-
llagavaiam (10.63.26):
Tcxi 2
lalo daivam laima jïval sva-blavo
diavyam lsciiam pianam aima vilaial
iai-sanglaio bïja-iola-piavalas
ian-mayaisa ian-niscdlam piapadyc
lalal-iimc; daivam-dcmigods; laima-laima; jïval-soul; sva-blaval-own
naiuic; diavyam-iling; lsciiam-licld; pianam-lilc; aima-scll; vilaial-clangc; iai-
sanglaial-ilc ioialiiy; bïja-iola-piavalal-planiing ilc sccd; ian-maya-His maya
poicncy; csa-slc; ian-niscdlam-loibiddinig ilai; piapadyc-I suiicndci.
"Timc, laic, laima, puiilicaiion, ilc individual soul and lis piopcnsiiics, ilc
subilc maiciial clcmcnis, ilc maiciial body, ilc lilc aii, lalsc cgo, ilc vaiious
scnscs, ilc ioialiiy ol ilcsc as icllccicd in ilc living bcing's subilc body, all ilis
consiiiuics Youi maiciial illusoiy cncigy, maya, an cndlcss cyclc lilc ilai ol sccd
and plani. I ialc slclici ol You, ilc ncgaiion ol ilis maya."¯¯¯
Tcxi 3
iïla ca lalal lsoblalal. laima nimiiiam. iad cva plalablimullam
ablivyaliam daivam. svablavas iai-samslaial. jïvas iadvan. diavyam bluia-
sulsmani. lsciiam pialiiil. pianal suiiam. aima alanlaial. vilaial
cladascndiiyani mala-bluiani ccii sodasalal. iai-sanglaio dclal. iasya ca bïja-
iola-vai piavalal. iolo 'nluial. dclad bïja-iupam laima. iaio 'nluia-iupo
dclal. iaial punai cvam iii piavalal. iai ivam niscdlavadli-bluiam piapadyc
blajc iii iiy csa.
iïla-commcniaiy; ca-and; lalal-iimc; lsoblalal.-agiiaioi; laima-laima;
nimiiiam.-causc; iai-ilai; cva-indccd; plalablimullam-biinging icsuli;
ablivyaliam-manilcsicd; daivam.-dcsiiny; svablaval-naiuic; iai-samslaial.-
puiilying; jïval-soul; iadvan.-ilcn; diavyam-iling; bluia-sulsmani.-subilc
clcmcnis; lsciiam-placc; pialiiil.-maiici; pianal-lilc; suiiam-siiing; aima-aima;
alanlaial.-lalsc cgo; vilaial-clangc; cladascndiiyani-clcvcn scnscs; mala-
bluiani-gicai clcmcnis; ca-and; iii-ilis; sodasalal.-sixiccn; iai-sanglaial-
aggicgaic; dclal.-body; iasya-ol ilai; ca-and; bïja-iola-vai-lilc ilc sccd; piavalal-
planiing; iolal-giowing; anluial-spioui; dclai-liom ilc body; bïja-iupam-ilcj
loim ol a sccd; laima.-laima; iaial-ilcn; anluia-iupal-ilc loim ol a spioui;
dclal-body; iaial-ilcn; punal-again; cvam-ilus; iii-ilus; piavalal.-
manilcsiaiion; iai-ilai; ivam-You; niscdlavadli-bluiam-siopping; piapadyc-I
suiicndci; blajc-I woislip; iii-ilus; iii-ilus; csa-ii.
Siïla Siïdlaia Svamï commcnis:
"In ilis vcisc ilc woid lalal" mcans ilc agiiaioi', laima' mcans ilc causc',
daivam' mcans ilai wlicl biings icsulis', sva-blava' mcans ilai wlicl puiilics',
jiva' mcans lc wlo posscsscs ilai', diavyam' mcans ilc subilc maiciial
clcmcnis', lsciiam' mcans ilc maiciial woild', pianal' mcans ilc siiing ol lilc',
aima' mcans lalsc cgo', vilaial' mcans ilc clcvcn scnscs and ilc livc gioss
clcmcnis, wlicl aic ilcn considcicd ilc sixiccn ingicdicnis ol ilc woild', iai-
sanglaial' mcans ilc maiciial body, wlicl is manilcsicd liom pasi laima as a
spioui is manilcsicd liom ilc planiing ol a sccd', iai' mcans io You, wlo siop
ilcsc manilcsiaiions ol maya', and piapadyc' mcans I woislip'."
Tcxi +
aiia lala-daiva-laima-svablava nimiiiamsal. anyc upadanamsas iadvan. jïvas
iublayaimalas iailopadana-vaigc nimiiia-saliy-amso 'py anuvaiiaic. yaila
jïvopadli-lalsanc 'lam allyc iaiivc iadïyalam-blaval. sa ly avidya-paiinama iiy
adi.
aiia-lcic; lala-daiva-laima-svablava-lala, daiva, laima, and svablava;
nimiiiamsal.-causcs; anyc-ilc oilcis; upadanamsal-ingicdicnis; iadvan-lilc ilai;
jïval-ilc idnividual spiiii soul; iu-indccd; ublayaimalal--boil; iaila-so;
upadana-vaigc-among ilc ingicdicnis; nimiiia-causc; salii-poicncy; amsal-paii;
api-also; anuvaiiaic-lollows; yaila-as; jïvopadli-lalsanc-ilc naiuic ol ilc soul's
maiciial body; alam-I; allyc-callcd; iaiivc-iiuil; iadïya-lis; alam-blaval-lalsc
cgo; sa-lc; li-indccd; avidya-paiinama-iiansloimaiion ol ignoiancc; iii-ilus; adi.-
bcginning.
Ol ilc iicms mcniioncd in ilis vcisc, iimc, laic, laima, and puiilicaiion aic
causcs and ilc oilci iicms aic ilc ingicdicnis ol ilc woild. Tlc individual spiiii
souls aic counicd in boil caicgoiics. Tlcy aic among ilc ingicdicnis ol ilc woild,
and, as onc ol ilc Loid's poicncics, ilcy aic also counicd among ilc causcs. Wlcn
ilc soul is placcd in a maiciial body and lc acccpis ilai maiciial dcsignaiion, ilc
lalsc cgo, wlicl is a iiansloimaiion ol ignoiancc, is manilcsicd.
Tcxi 5
yailoliam iiiïyasya sasilc
aimanam casya niiblinnam
ablimano 'visai padam
laimanamscna ycnasau
laiiavyam piaiipadyaic. iii.
yaila-as; uiam-said; iiiïyasya-ol ilc Tliid Canio; sasilc-in ilc sixil clapici;
aimanam-lalsc cgo; ca-also; asya-ol ilc giganiic loim; niiblinnam-bcing scpaiaicly
manilcsicd; ablimanal-lalsc idcniilicaiion; avisai-cnicicd; padam-in posiioon;
laimana-aciiviiics; amscna-by ilc paii; ycna-by wlicl; asau-ilc living cniiiy;
laiiavyam-objcciivc aciiviiics; piaiipadyaic-ialcs in; iii-ilus.
Tlc lalsc cgo is dcsciibcd in ilcsc woids ol Siïmad-llagavaiam (3.6.25):
"Tlcicalici ilc maiciialisiic cgo ol ilc giganiic loim scpaiaicly manilcsicd
iiscll, and ii cnicicd inio Rudia, ilc coniiollci ol lalsc cgo, wiil lis own paiiial
aciiviiics, by wlicl ilc living cniiiy iiansacis lis objcciivc aciions."¯
Tcxi 6
aiia aimanam alanlaiam ablimano iudial. laimanalam-viiiya iii iïla ca.
aiia-lcic; aimanam-aimanam; alanlaiam-lalsc cgo; ablimanal-ablimana;
iudial.-Rudia; laimana-laimana; alam-viiiya-wiil ilc aciiviiics ol lalsc cgo; iii-
ilus; iïla-commcniaiy; ca-also.
Siïla Siïdlaia Svamï commcnis:
"Hcic ilc woid aimanam' mcans lalsc cgo', ablimanal' mcans Rudia', and
laimana' mcans wiil ilc aciiviiics ol ilc lalsc cgo'."
Tcxi 7
aiia ca yan-niiblinnam iad-adlisilanam vag-adïndiiyam iiiïyania-
madlyaimam iii pialaiana-niinayal iïlayam cva liio 'sii.
aiia-lcic; ca-also; yan-niiblinnam-niiblinnam; iad-adlisilanam-wlai is
csiablislcd; vag-adïndiiyam-ilc scnscs bcginning wiil ilc voicc; iiiïya-iliid;
aniam-cnd; adlyaimam-scll; iii-ilus; pialaiana-niinayal-ilc conclusion ol ilc
clapici; iïlayam-in ilc commcniaiy; cva-indccd; liial-donc; asii-is.
Hcic ilc woid "niiblinnam" mcans "ilc voicc and oilci woiling scnscs". A
luiilci cxplanaiion is lound ai ilc cnd ol ilc Tliid Canio in ilc commcniaiy on
ilc adlyaima-pialaiana clapici.
Tcxi S
laimano bïja-iupaivam laianaia-maiia-vivalsaya. iad cvam aiiapi mula-
mayayal saivopadanamsa-mula-bluiam lsciia-sabdoliam piadlanam apy amsa-
iupam iiy adligaianm.jïvas iadvan iiy ancna suddla-jïvasya mayaiïiaivam
bodlayaii. jvaial siï-blagavaniam.
laimanal-ol ilc aciiviiy; bïja-iupaivam-ilc liom ol ilc sccd; laianaia-causc;
maiia-only; vivalsaya-wiil ilc dcsiic io say; iai-ilai; cvam-ilus; aiia-lcic; api-
also; mula-iooi; mayayal-ol ilc illusoiy poicncy; saiva-all; upadana-ingicdicnis;
amsa-paiis; mula-iooi; bluiam-manilcsicd; lsciia-lsciia; sabda-woid; uliam-said;
piadlanam-piadlana; api-also; amsa-iupam-ilc loim ol a paii; iii-ilus;
adligaianm-undcisiood; jïval-ilc individual soul; iadvan-in ilai way; iii-ilus;
ancna-by ilis; suddla-jïvasya-ol ilc puic spiiii soul; mayaiïiaivam-ilc siaic ol
bcing bcyond ilc inllucncc ol ilc illusoiy poicncy maya; bodlayaii.-icaclcs;
jvaial-Tlc Jvaia; siï-blagavaniam-io ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad.
Hcic is dcsciibcd ilc iooi liom wlicl maiciialisiic aciiviiics giow. Tlc licld ol
aciiviiics and ilc piimoidial siaic ol maiciial naiuic aic includcd among ilc
ingicdicnis ol ilc maiciial woild manilcsicd by ilc iooi maiciial poicncy maya.
Tlc condiiioncd soul is subjcci io maya, bui ilc puic souls is licc liom maya's
giip. Tlai is iaugli lcic. Tlc vcisc quoicd in ilc bcginning ol ilis anucclcda was
spolcn by ilc Sivajvaia io ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad.
Anuccheda 5+
Tcxi 1
aila nimiiia-iupamsasya piailamc dvc viiiï ala
aila-now; nimiiia-ol ilc causc; iupa-loim; amsasya-ol a paii; piailamc-in ilc
bcginning; dvc-iwo; viiiï-aciiviiics; ala-said.
In discussing ilc vaiious causcs, iwo aciiviiics will bc liisi discusscd. Tlcsc iwo
aic dcsciibcd in ilc lollowing woids ol Siïmad-llagavaiam (11.11.3):
Tcxi 2
vidyavidyc mama ianu
viddly uddlava saiïiinam
molsa-bandla-laiï adyc
mayaya mc viniimiic
vidya-lnowlcdgc; avidyc-and ignoiancc; mama-My; ianu-iwo bodics; viddli-
plcasc lnow; uddlava-O Uddlava; saiïiinam-ol cmbodicd souls; molsa-libciaiion;
bandla-and bondagc; laiï-doing; adyc-in ilc bcginning; mayaya-by maya; mc-ol
mc; viniimiic-cicaicd.
"O uddlava, boil lnowlcdgc and ignoiancc, bcing pioducis ol maya, aic
cxpansions ol My poicncy. loil lnowlcdgc and ignoiancc aic bcginninglcss and
pcipciually awaid libciaiion and bondagc io cmbodicd living bcings."¯¯¯
Tcxi 3
iïla ca iany cic bandla-molsav ablyam iii ianu saliï mc mayaya viniimiic.
maya-viiii-iupaivai. bandla-molsa-laiïiy cla-vacanam dvi-vacanaiilc. nanu iai-
laiyaivc bandla-molsayoi anadiiva-niiyaivc na syaiam. iaiiala adyc anadi. iaio
yavad avidyam piciayami. iavad bandlal. yada vidyam dadami. iada molsal
spluiaiïiy aiilal. iiy csa.
iïla-commcniaiy; ca-and; iani-ilcy; cic-ilcy; bandla-molsav-bondagc and
libciaiion; ablyam-callcd; iii-ilus; ianu-ianu; saliï-poicncics; mc-ol Mc; mayaya-
by maya; viniimiic.-cicaicd; maya-viiii-iupaivai.-bccausc ol ilc aciiviiics ol maya;
bandla-molsa-laiï-doing bondagc and libciaiion; iii-ilus; cla-vacanam-singulai;
dvi-vacanaiilc-in ilc mcaning ol ilc dual; nanu-is ii noi so'; iai-laiyaivc-as ilc
cllcci; bandla-molsayol-ol bondagc and libciaiion; anadiiva-ilc siaic ol bcing
bcginninglcs; niiyaivc-ilc siaic ol bcing cicinal; na-noi; syaiam.-aiiaincd; iaiia-
ilcic; ala-said; adyc-adyc; anadi.-bcginninglcss; iaial-ilcn; yavai-as lai as;
avidyam-ignoianccs; piciayami.-I scnd away; iavai-ilcn; bandlal.-bondagc; yada-
wlcn; vidyam-lnowlcdgc; dadami.-I givc; iada-ilcn; molsal-libciaiion; spluiaii-
is manilcsicd; iii-ilus; aiilal-ilc mcaning; iii-ilus; csa-ii.
Siïla Siïdlaia Svamï commcnis:
"In ilis vcisc ilc woid ianu" mcans "ilc iwo poicncics, and mc mayaya
viniimiic' mcans cicaicd by My maya'. Lvcn ilougl ii is in ilc singulai, ilc
compound woid molsa-bandla-laiï' slould bc undcisiood io bc in ilc dual.
Hcic somconc may objcci: Is ii noi so ilai, bccausc ilcy aic cllccis and noi
causcs, bondagc and libciaiion cannoi bc cicinal'' Tlc vcisc answcis ilis
objcciions by spcaling ilc woid adyc', wlicl mcans cxisiing liom iimc wiiloui
bcginning'. Tlc mcaning lcic is Wlcn I icacl uniiuil, I am iiappcd in maiciial
bondagc, bui wlcn I icacl ilc iiuil, ilcn I aiiain libciaiion'. Tlai is ilc mcaning."
Tcxi +
aiia maya-viiii-iupaivad iii vasiuio maya-viiii cva ic. viniimiiaivam iv
apaianania-viiiïlaya iaya pialasamanaivad cvocyaic. yaio 'nadi iiy aiilal. iaila
spluiaiïiy asya molsa iiy ancnaivanvayal. jïvasya svaio muliaivam cva. bandlas
iv avidya-maiicna piaiïial. vidyodayc iu iai pialasaic maiiam. iaio niiya cva
molsa iii blaval.
aiia-lcic; maya-viiii-iupaivai-in ilc loim ol maya's aciiviiics; iii-ilus; vasiuial-
in iiuil; maya-viiii-maya's aciiviiics; cva-indccd; ic.-ilcy; viniimiiaivam-ilc
condiiion ol bcing cicaicd; iv-indccd; apaianania-viiiïlaya-limiilcss aciiviiics;
iaya-by ilai; pialasamanaivai-bccausc ol bcing manilcsicd; cva-indccd; ucyaic-is
said; yaial-liom wlicl; anadi-wiiloui bcginning; iii-ilus; aiilal.-ilc mcaning;
iaila-ilcn; spluiaii-is manilcsicd; iii-ilus; asya-ol ilai; molsa-libciaiion; iii-ilus;
ancna-by ilis; cva-indccd anvayal-ilc mcaning; jïvasya-ol ilc soul; svaial-
pcisonally; muliaivam-ilc siaic ol bcing libciaicd; cva.-indccd; bandlal-bondagc;
iv-indccd; avidya-ignoiancc; maiicna-only; piaiïial.-bclicvcd; vidyodayc-in ilc
manilcsiaiion ol lnowlcdgc; iu-bui; iai-ilai; pialasaic-is manilcsi; maiiam.-only;
iaial-ilcn; niiya-cicinal; cva-indccd; molsa-libciaiion; iii-ilus; blaval-ilc
mcaning.
lccausc ilcy aic manilcsicd liom maya's aciiviiics, lnowlcdgc and ignoiancc
aic lcic callcd aciiviiics ol maya. lccausc maya is limiilcss, wlai slc cicaics las
no bcginning. Tlai is ilc mcaning in ilis vcisc. In ilis way ilc individual soul's
libciaiion is manilcsi. Iiom ignoiancc bondagc is manilcsicd and liom lnowlcdgc
libciaiion is manilcsicd. In ilis way libciaiion is cicinal. Tlai is ilc mcaning.
Tcxi 5
na ca vacyam. csa maya iiy adau samanya-lalsanc molsa-piadaivam iasya
noliam iiy asamyalivam iii. ania-laiiivcnaiyaniila-pialaya-iupasya molsasyapy
upalalsiiaivai.
na-noi; ca-also; vacyam.-io bc said; csa maya iiy adau-in Siïmad-llagavaiam
11.3.16; samanya-lalsanc-ilc samc lcaiuics; molsa-piadaivam-ilc siic ol giving
libciaiion; iasya-ol ilis; na-noi; uliam-said; iii-ilus; asamyalivam-ilc siic ol noi
bcing cqual; iii.-ilus; ania-cnd; laiiivcna-bccausc ol doing; aiyaniila-gicai;
pialaya-dcsiiuciion; iupasya-in ilc loim; molsasya-ol libciaiion; api-also;
upalalsiiaivai-bccausc ol bcing claiaciciizcd.
In Siïmad-llagavaiam 11.3.16) ii is said:
"I lavc now dcsciibcd maya, ilc illusoiy cncigy ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad. Tlis illusoiy poicncy, consisiing ol ilc ilicc modcs ol maiciial naiuic,
is cmpowcicd by ilc Loid loi ilc cicaiion, mainicnancc, and annililaiion ol ilc
maiciial univcisc."¯¯¯
Ii slould noi bc said ilai bccausc ii docs noi dcclaic ilai ilc maya poicncy can
giani libciaiion, ilis siaicmcni disagiccs wiil ilc picviously quoicd Siïmad-
llagavaiam vcisc. Tlc iiuil is ilai ilis siaicmcni (Siïmad-llagavaiam 11.3.26)
docs dcclaic ilai maya can giani libciaiion. Tlis siaicmcni dcclaics ilai maya
biings ilc linal annililaiion. Tlc linal annililaiion ii dcsciibcs is in iiuil
libciaiion.
Tcxi 6
aiia vidyallya viiiii iyam svaiupa-salii-viiii-viscsa-vidya-pialasc dvaiam cva.
na iu svayam cva scii jncyam. ailavidyallyasya blagasya dvc viiiï avaianaimila
vïlscpaimila ca. iaiia puiva jïva cva iisilanii iadïyam svablavilam jnanam
avinvana. uiiaia ca iam iad-anyaila-jnancna sanjayanii vaiiaia iii. siï-blagavan.
aiia-lcic; vidyallya-callcd lnowlcdgc; viiiil-aciiviiy; iyam-ilis; svaiupa-own;
salii-poicncy; viiii-aciiviiy; viscsa-spccilic; vidya-lnowlcdgc;-pialasc-in ilc
manilcsiaiion; dvaiam-ilc mcans; cva.-indccd; na-noi; iu-bui; svayam-pcisonally;
cva-indccd; sa-ilai; iii-ilus; jncyam-io bc undcisiood; aila-ilcn; avidyallyasya-
callcd ignoiancc; blagasya-ol ilc opulcncc; dvc-iwo; viiiï-aciiviiics; avaianaimila-
covciing; vïlscpaimila-iliowing; ca-and; iaiia-ilcic; puiva-ilc liisi; jïva-ilc soul;
cva-indccd; iisilanii-siays; iadïyam-in lis; svablavilam-own naiuic; jnanam-
lnowlcdgc; avinvana.-covciing; uiiaia-ilc sccond; ca-also; iam-ilai; iai-ilan ilai;
anyaila-oilci; jnancna-by lnowlcdgc; sanjayanii-cicaics; vaiiaia-is; iii.-ilus; siï-
blagavan-ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad.
Wlai is callcd "vidya" (lnowlcdgc) lcic is ilc mcans by wlicl ilc Loid's
pcisonal poicncy ol iiansccndcnial lnowlcdgc is manilcsicd. Tlc "avidya"
(ignoiancc) lcic is ol iwo linds: 1 avaianaimila, and 2. vilscpaimila. Tlc liisi ol
ilcsc covci's ilc soul's naiuial spiiiiual lnowlcdgc, and ilc sccond ol ilcsc
ovciwlclms ilc soul wiil many idcas ilai lavc noiling io do wiil ilc ical iiuil.
Anuccheda 55
Tcxi 1
aiia nimiiiamsas iv cvam vivccanïyal. yaila nimiiiamsa-iupaya mayallyayaiva
piasiddla saliis iiidla disyaic. jnancccla-liiya-iupaivcna. iaiia iasyal
paiamcsvaia-jnana-iupaivam yaila iiiïyc
aiia-lcic; nimiiiamsal-ilc causcs; iv-indccd; cvam-ilus; vivccanïyal.-io bc
dcsciibcd; yaila-as; nimiiiamsa-iupaya-as causcs; mayallyaya-callcd maya; cva-
indccd; piasiddla-piovcd; saliil-poicncy; iiidla-so; disyaic.-is sccn; jnana-ol
lnowlcdgc; iccla-dcsiic; liiya-and aciion; iupaivcna-in ilc loims; iaiia-ilcic;
iasyal-ol ilai; paiamcsvaia-ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; jnana-ol
lnowlcdgc; iupaivam-ilc siaic ol laving ilc loim; yaila-as; iiiïyc-in ilc iliid
canio.
Now ilc vaiious causcs will bc dcsciibcd. Tlc mosi cclcbiaicd ol ilcsc is ilc
maya poicncy, wlicl las ilicc aspccis: 1. jnana (lnowlcdgc), 2. iccla (dcsiic),
and liiya (aciiviiy). Among ilcsc, lnowlcdgc ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad is dcsciibcd in ilcsc woids ol Siïmad-llagavaiam (3.5.25):
Tcxi 2
sa va ciasya sandiasiul
saliil sad-asad-aimila
maya nama mala-blaga
yaycdam niimamc viblul
sa-ilai cxicnial cncigy; va-is ciilci; ciasya-ol ilc Loid; sandiasiul-ol ilc
pcilcci scci; saliil-cncigy; sad-asad-aimila-as boil causc and cllcci; maya nama-
callcd by ilc namc maya; mala-blaga-O loiiunaic onc; yaya-by wlicl; idam-ilis
maiciial woild; niimamc-consiiucicd; viblul-ilc Almigliy.
"Tlc Loid is ilc scci, and ilc cxicinal cncigy, wlicl is sccn, woils as boil
causc and cllcci in ilc cosmic manilcsiaiion. O gicaily loiiunaic Viduia, ilis
cxicinal cncigy is lnown as maya, oi illusion, and iliougl lci agcncy only is ilc
cniiic maiciial manilcsiaiion madc possiblc."¯
Tcxi 3
iiy asya iïlayam sa vai diasii-disyanusandlana-iupa. sad disyam. asad adisyam.
aima svaiupam. sad-asaioi aima yasyas iad-ublayanusandlana-iupaivai iii.
iii-ilus; asya-ol ilis; iïlayam-in ilc commcniaiy; sa-Hc; vai-indccd; diasii-ilc
scci; disya-ilc sccn; anusandlana-in iclaiion io; iupa-ilc loim; sai-sai; disyam-
wlai is sccn; asai-asai; adisyam.-wlai is noi sccn; aima-aima; svaiupam.-own
loim; sad-asaiol-ol sai and asai; aima-ilc loim; yasyal-ol wlixl; iad-ublaya-ol
boil; anusandlana-iupaivai-bccausc ol ilc loim; iii-ilus.
Siïla Siïdlaia Svamï commcnis:
"Hcic ilc woids sa vai' mcan ilc scci and ilc sccn'. Tlc woid sai' mcans
wlai is sccn', and asai' mcans wlai is noi sccn'. "Sad-asad-aimila' mcans wlicl
las ilc naiuic ol boil sai and asai'."
Tcxi +
iad-iccla-iupaivam yaila iaiiaiva aimccclanugaiav aima.
iad-iccla-iupaivam-ilc naiuic ol dcsiic; yaila-as; iaiia-ilcic; cva-indccd;
aimccclanugaiav aima-Siïmad-llagavaiam 3.5.23.
Tlc dcsiic lcaiuic ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad is dcsciibcd in ilcsc
woids ol Siïmad-llagavaiam (3.5.23):
"Tlc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad, ilc masici ol all living cniiiics, cxisicd piioi io
ilc cicaiion as onc wiiloui a sccond. Ii is by His will only ilai cicaiion is madc
possiblc and again cvciyiling mcigcs in Him."¯
Tcxi 5
iiy asya iïlayam aimcccla maya iasyanugaiau layc saii iii.
iii-ilus; asya-ol ilis; iïlayam-in ilc commcniaiy; aimcccla-aimcccla; maya-
maya; iasya-ol Him; anugaiau-lollowing; layc-in dcsiiuciion; saii-bcing so; iii.-ilus
Siïla Siïdlaia Svamï commcnis:
"Hcic ilc woid aimcccla maya' mcans lollows ilc will ol ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad'.
Tcxi 6
iai-liiya-iupaivam cailadasc csa maya blagavaial iiy udaliia-vacanc cva
diasiavyam.
iai-liiya-iupaivam-ilc naiuic ol aciiviiics; ca-also; cladasc-in ilc clcvcnil
canio; csa maya blagavaial iii-Siïmad-llagavaiam 11.3.16; udaliia-said; vacanc-
in ilc woids; cva-indccd; diasiavyam-io bc sccn.
Tlc aciiviiy lcaiuic ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad is dcsciibcd in ilcsc
woids ol Siïmad-llagavaiam (11.3.16):
"I lavc now dcsciibcd maya, ilc illusoiy cncigy ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad. Tlis illusoiy poicncy, consisiing ol ilc ilicc modcs ol maiciial naiuic,
is cmpowcicd by ilc Loid loi ilc cicaiion, mainicnancc, and annililaiion ol ilc
maiciial univcisc."¯¯¯
Tcxi 7
yadyapi paiamcsvaiasya salsaj jnanadilam na maya. liniu svaiupa-saliii cva.
iailapi iaj-jnanadilam pialiic laiyc iu na iad-aiilam piavaiiaic. liniu
blaliaiilam cva. piavaiiamanam anusangcnaiva piavaiiaia iiy agic vivccanïyaivai.
iai-piaviiiy-ablasa-samvaliiam yan-maya-viiii-iupam jnanadilam anyai iad cva
iaj-jnanadi-sabdcnocyaic.
yadyapi-alilougl; paiamcsvaiasya-ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad;
salsaj-diicci; jnanadilam-bcginning wiil lnowlcdgc; na-noi; maya.-maya; liniu-
lowcvci; svaiupa-saliil-own loim; cva.-indccd; iailapi-siill; iaj-jnanadilam-
bcginning cwiil ilai lnowlcdgc; pialiic-maiici; laiyc-cllcci; iu-bui; na-noi; iad-
aiilam-loi ilai puiposc; piavaiiaic.-is; liniu-lowcvci; blaliaiilam-loi ilc salc
ol ilc dcvoicc; cva.-indccd; piavaiiamanam-bcing so; anusangcna-by coniaci; cva-
indccd; piavaiiaia-is; iii-ilus; agic-bcginning; vivccanïyaivai.-bccausc ol wlai
slould bc said; iai-piaviiii-ol ilai aciiviiy; ablasa-icllcciion; samvaliiam-mixcd;
yan-maya-viiii-iupam-ilc loim ol maya's aciivciiics; jnanadilam-bcginning wiil
lnowlcdgc; anyai-anoilci; iai-ilai; cva-indccd; iaj-jnanadi-bcginning wiil ilai
lnowlcdgc; sabdcna-by ilc woid; ucyaic-is said.
Alilougl ilc lnowlcdgc and oilci lcaiuics ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad aic ncvci maya, ncvciilclcss maya is onc ol ilc Loid's poicncics.
Tlcicloic ilc Loid's lnowlcdgc and oilci lcaiuics aic noi diiccily cmploycd loi
ilc puiposcs ol illusion. Railci ilcy aic uscd io bcnclii ilc Loid's dcvoiccs. Ii is
only ilc maiciial icllcciion ol ilc Loid's aciiviiics ilai aic cngagcd in maya's
aciiviiics. Ii is in ilai scnsc ilai ilc woid jnanadi" is uscd lcic.
Tcxi S
iaila-bluiam ca iaj-jnanadilam dvi-vidlam. svablava-siddliivai lcvala-
paiamcsvaia-nisilam iad-daiiaivaj jïva-nisilam ca. iaiia piailamam diasii-
disyanusandlana-sisilsa-laladi-iupam. dviiïyam vidyavidya-blogcccla-laimadi-
iupam iii.
iaila-bluiam-lilc ilai; ca-also; iaj-jnanadilam-bcginning wiil lnowlcdgc; dvi-
vidlam.-iwo linds; svablava-own naiuic; siddliivai-bccausc ol pcilcciion; lcvala-
paiamcsvaia-nisilam-iiansccndcnial laiil in ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad;
iad-daiiaivaj-bccausc ol bcing givcn by Him; jïva-ol ilc souls; nisilam-laiil; ca.-
also; iaiia-ilcic; piailamam-liisi; diasii-disyanusandlana-ilc scci and ilc sccn;
sisilsa-ilc dcsiic loi cicaiion; laladi-bcginning wiil iimc; iupam-ilc liom;
dviiïyam-sccond; vidyavidya-lnowlcdgc and ignoiancc; bloga-cnjoymcni; iccla-
dcsiic; laima-aciion; adi-bcginning wiil; iupam-ilc liom; iii-ilus.
Tlc Loid's lnowlcdgc and oilci lcaiuics aic ol iwo linds: 1. ilc lcaiuics ilai,
bccausc ilcy aic ilc Loid's own iiansccndcnial opulcnccs, inspiic laiil in ilc Loid
Himscll, and 2. ilc lcaiuics ilai, bccausc ilcy aic opulcnccs givcn io ilc Loid's
dcvoiccs, inspiic laiil in ilc Loid's dcvoiccs. Tlc loimci aic opulcnccs lilc ilc
iclaiionslip bciwccn ilc scci and sccn, ilc Loid's dcsiic io cicaic ilc univcisc, ilc
Loid's poicncy ol iimc, and oilci lilc lcaiuics ol ilc Loid. Tlc laiici aic lilc
lnowlcdgc, ignoiancc, dcsiic, aciiviiy, and oilci lilc lcaiuics.
Tcxi 9
ailopadanamsasya piadlanasya lalsanam
yai iai iii-gunam avyaliam
niiyam sad-asad-aimalam
piadlanam pialiiim pialui
aviscsam viscsavai
aila-now; upadanamsasya-ol ilc ingicdicnis; piadlanasya-piadlana; lalsanam-
ilc naiuic; yai-now luiilci; iai-ilai; iii-gunam-combinaiion ol ilc ilicc modcs;
avyaliam-unmanilcsicd; niiyam-cicinal; sad-asad-aimalam-consisiing ol casuc
and cllcci; piadlanam-ilc piadlana; pialiiim-pialiii; pialul-ilcy call; aviscsam-
undillcicniiaicd; viscsavai-posscssing dillcicniiaiion.
Tlc piadlana, wlicl is an ingicdicni ol ilc maiciial woild, is dcsciibcd in
ilcsc woids ol Siïmad-llagavaiam (3.26.10):
"Tlc unmanilcsicd cicinal combinaiion ol ilc ilicc modcs is ilc causc ol ilc
manilcsi siaic and is callcd piadlana. Ii is callcd pialiii wlcn in ilc manilcsicd
siagc ol cxisicncc."¯
Tcxi 10
yai llalu iii-gunam saiivadi-guna-iiaya-samalaias iad cvavyaliam piadlanam
pialiiim pialul. iaiiavyalia-samjnaivc lciul. aviscsam guna-iiaya-samya-
iupaivad anablivyalia-viscsam. aia cvavyaliia-samjnam ccii gamiiam.
yai-wlai; llalu-indccd; iii-gunam-ilicc modcs; saiivadi-guna-iiaya-
samalaial-ilc ilicc modcs bcginning wiil ilc modc ol goodncss; iai-ilai; cva-
indccd; avyaliam-unmanilcsicd; piadlanam-piadlana; pialiiim-pialiii; pialul.-
ilcy say; iaiia-ilcic; avyalia-samjnaivc-ol ilc namc avyalia; lciul.-ilc causc;
aviscsam-wiiloui vaiiciy; guna-iiaya-samya-iupaivai-ilc cquilibiium ol ilc ilicc
modcs ol naiuic; anablivyalia-noi manilcsicd; viscsam-vaiiciy; aia cva-ilcicloic;
avyaliia-samjnam-ilc namc avyaliiia; ca-and; iii-ilus; gamiiam-aiiaincd.
Tlis vcisc says, "Tlc unmanilcsicd cicinal combinaiion ol ilc ilicc modcs is
ilc causc ol ilc manilcsi siaic and is callcd piadlana. Ii is callcd pialiii wlcn in
ilc manilcsicd siagc ol cxisicncc."¯ Tlc icason ilc piadlana is lcic callcd
"avyaliam" (unmanilcsicd) is givcn lcic in ilc woid "aviscsam", wlicl mcans
"bccausc ilc ilicc modcs aic siiuaicd in cquilibiium, no onc ol ilcm siiongci
ilan ilc oilcis, ilcic is no vaiiciy.
Tcxi 11
piadlana-samjnaivc lciul. viscsavai svamsa-laiya-iupanam- malad-adi-
viscsanam asiaya-iupaiaya icblyal sicsilam.
piadlana-samjnaivc-ol ilc namc piadlana; lciul.-ilc icason; viscsavai
svamsa-laiya-ilc cllcci ol vaiiciy; iupanam-ol ilc loims; malad-adi-bcginning
wiil ilc malai-iaiiva; viscsanam-spccilic; asiaya-iupaiaya-as ilc slclici; icblyal-
ilan ilcm; sicsilam-bciici.
Tlc icason ilc maiciial naiuic is callcd "piadlana" is givcn in ilc woid
"viscsavai", wlicl mcans Tlc siiuaiion wlcic ilc malai-iaiiva and oilci loiccs
cicaic vaiiciy is a supciioi siiuaiion".
Tcxi 12
pialiii-samjnaivc lciul. sad-asad-aimalam. sad-asaisu laiya-laiana-iupcsu
malad-adisu laianaivad anugaia aima svaiupam yasya iai.
pialiii-samjnaivc-ilc namc pialiii; lciul.-ilc icason; sad-asad-aimalam.-sai-
asad-aimila; sad-asaisu-in sai and asai; laiya-laiana-iupcsu-wiil causc and cllcci;
malad-adisu-bcginning ciil malai-iaiiva; laianaivai-as ilc causc; anugaia-
lollowcd; aima-ilc scll; svaiupam-own loim; yasya-ol wlom; iai-ilai.
Tlc icason ilc maiciial naiuic is callcd "pialiii" is givcn in ilc woid "sad-
asad-aimila", wlicl mcans ilc causc ol ilc malai-iaiiva and ilc oilci causcs
and cllccis".
Tcxi 13
aila niiyam pialayc laiana-maiiaimanavasiliia-saivamsaivcna sisii-siliiyos
capancï-liiamsaivcnaviliiam svaiupam yasya iadisam iii bialmaivam malad-adi-
iupaivam ca vyaviiiam. bialmano niigunaivai malad-adïnam cavyaliapclsaya
laiya-iupaivai.
aila-now; niiyam-cicinal; pialayc-in dcvasiaiion; laiana-causc; maiia-only;
aimana-by iclc scll; avasiliia-siiuaicd; saiva-all; amsaivcna-as a paii; sisii-ol
cicaiion; siliiyol-and maionicnancc; ca-also; apancï-liia-noi madc ol ilc livc
gioss maiciial clcmcnis; amsaivcna-as a paii; aviliiam-noi clanging; svaiupam-
own naiuic; yasya-ol wlicl; iadisam-lilc ilai; iii-ilus; bialmaivam-spiiiiual
naiuic; malad-adi-iupaivam-ilc naiuic ol ilc malai-iaiiva and oilci lilc maiciial
lcaiuics; ca-and; vyaviiiam.-dillcicni; bialmanal-ol lialman; niigunaivai-
bccausc ol bcing bcyond ilc ilicc modcs; malad-adïnam-bcginning wiil ilc
malai-iaiiva; ca-also; avyalia-unmanilcsicd; apclsaya-in iclaiion io; laiya-
iupaivai-bccausc ol bcing ilc cllcci.
Tlc icason ilc maiciial naiuic is callcd "niiya" (cicinal) is ilai ilc maiciial
naiuic icmains as a causc cvcn alici ilc maiciial woilds aic dcsiioycd in ilc
cosmic annililaiion. Also, wlcn ilc maiciial woilds aic cicaicd oi mainiaincd, ilc
maiciial naiuic is siill noi in ilc posiiion ol bcing somciling ilai was cicaicd by
ilc livc gioss maiciial clcmcnis. Siill, cvcn ilougl ilc malai-iaiiva and oilci
maiciial lcaiuics aic gicai in ilcsc ways, ilc Supicmc Loid is ncvciilclcss
dillcicni liom ilcm. Tlc Supicmc Loid is bcyond ilc ioucl ol ilc maiciial modcs.
Tlc Supicmc Loid icmains ilc oiiginal causc, and ilc malai-iaiiva, avyalia, and
oilci maiciial lcaiuics aic all cllccis cicaicd by Him.
Tcxi 1+
cvam ca siï-visnu-puianc
avyaliam laianam yai iai
piadlanam isi-saiiamail
piocyaic pialiiil sulsma
niiyam sad-asad-aimalam
cvam-ilus; ca-also; siï-visnu-puianc-in Siï Visnu Puiana; avyaliam-
unmanilcsicd; laianam-causc; yai-wlai; iai-ilai; piadlanam-piadlana; isi-
saiiamail-by ilc gicai sagcs; piocyaic-is said; pialiiil-maiici; sulsma-subilc;
niiyam-cicinal; sad-asai-causc and cllcci; aimalam-naiuic.
Tlis is dcsciibcd in ilc lollowing woids ol Siï Visnu Puiana (1.2.19-21):
"Tlc gicai sagcs say ilai ilc unmanilcsicd maiciial naiuic (piadlana) is ilc
cicinal and subilc causc and cllcci ol ilc maiciial woild, . . .
Tcxi 15
alsayyam nanyad-adlaiam
amcyam ajaiam dliuvam
sabda-spaisa-vilïnam iad-
iupadiblii asamlaiam
alsayyam-impciislablc; na-noi; anyai-anoilci; adlaiam-slclici; amcyam-
immcasuiablc; ajaiam-undccaying; dliuvam-ical; sabda-sound; spaisa-and ioucl;
vilinam-wiiloui; iad-iupadiblil-by loims and oilci ilings; asamlaiam-wiiloui
coniaci.
. . . impciislablc, indcpcndcni, immcasuiablc, ical, uniouclcd by sound, ioucl,
loim, and ilc lilc, . . .
Tcxi 16
iii-gunam iaj jagad-yonii
anadi-piablavapyayam
icnagic saivam cvasïd
vyapyam vai pialayam anu. iiy adi.
iii-gunam-ilicc modcs; iaj-ilai; jagad-yonil-moilci ol ilc univcisc; anadi-
wiiloui bcginning; piablava-cicaiion; apyayam-dcsiiuciion; icna-by ilai; agic-in
ilc picscncc; saivam-all; cva-indccd; asïi-was; vyapyam-pcivadcd; vai-indccd;
pialayam-dcsiiuciion; anu.-lollowing; iii-ilus; adi.-bcginning.
. . . consisiing ol ilc ilicc modcs, ilc cicaioi ol ilc maiciial univcisc, ilc
bcginninglcss oiigin ol biiil and dcsiiuciion, cvciyiling, and ilc causc ilai
coniinucs io cxisi cvcn alici ilc maiciial univciscs aic dcsiioycd."
Tcxi 17
idam cva piadlanam anadci jagaial sulsmavasila-iupam avyaliiavyaliady-
ablidlam vcdaniiblii api paiamcsvaiadlinaiaya manyaic iad-adlïnaivad aiila-vai
iiy adi nyaycsu.
idam-ilis; cva-indccd; piadlanam-piadlana; anadcl-bcginninglcss; jagaial-ol
ilc maiciial univcisc; sulsmavasila-iupam-ilc subilc condiiion;
avyaliiavyaliady-ablidlam-callcd avyalia, avyaliia, and oilci namcs;
vcdaniiblil-by ilc lnowcis ol Vcdania; api-also; paiamcsvaiadlinaiaya-
suboidinaic io ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; manyaic-is considcicd; iad-
adlïnaivai-bccausc ol bcing suboidinaic io Him; aiila-vai-lilc ilai; iii-ilus; adi-
bcginning; nyaycsu-in Vcdania-suiia.
Tlc unmanilcsicd maiciial naiuic (piadlana), wlicl liom bcginninglcss iimc
is ilc subilc loim ol ilc maiciial univcisc, is lnown by many namcs, sucl as
"avyaliia" and avyalia". Tlc lnowcis ol Vcdania alliim ilai ilis unmanilcsicd
maiciial naiuic is suboidinaic io ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad. Tlis is
alliimcd in ilc lollowing woids ol Vcdania-suiia (1.+.3):
"Tlc unmanilcsicd maiciial naiuic (piadlana), is always suboidinaic io ilc
Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad."
Tcxi 1S
nisidlyaic iu sanllya-vai svaianiiaiaya anumanilam apy clcsam iii ccn na
saiïia-iupala-vinyasia-gilïiaii daisayaii ca iiy adi nyaycsu.
nisidlyaic-is dispiovcd; iu-bui; sanllya-vai-lilc sanllya; svaianiiaiaya-by
indcpcndcncc; anumanilam-inlcicncc; api-also; clcsam-ol somc; iii-ilus; ccn-il;
na-noi; saiïia-body; iupala-mciaploi; vinyasia-placcd; gilïiail-bccausc ol bcign
acccpicd; daisayaii-icvcals; ca-and; iiy adi nyaycsu-in Vcdania-suiia.
Tlc lollowcis ol ilc sanllya ilcoiy claim ilai ilc unmanilcsicd maiciial
naiuic is indcpcndcni ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad. Tlis misialcn idca
is icluicd by ilc aigumcnis picscnicd in Vcdania-suiia 1.+.1-15.
Tcxi 19
svciasvaiaiopanisadi piadlana-sabdas ca. siuyaic piadlana-lsciiajna-paiii
guncsal samsaia-bandla-siliii-molsa-lciil iiy adau.
svciasvaiaiopanisadi-in Svciasvaiaia Upanisad; piadlana-sabdal-ilc woid
piadlana; ca.-also; siuyaic-is lcaid; piadlana-lsciiajna-paiii guncsal samsaia-
bandla-siliii-molsa-lciil iiy adau-Svciasvaiaia Upanisad 6.16.
Tlc iiuil ilai ilc unmanilcsicd maiciial naiuic is suboidinaic io and
dcpcndcni on ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad is also conliimcd by ilc
lollowing woids ol Svciasvaiaia Upanisad (6.16):
"Tlc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad is ilc Supcisoul, ilc masici ol all
iiansccndcnial qualiiics, and Hc is ilc masici ol ilc cosmic manilcsiaiion in
icgaid io bondagc io ilc condiiional siaic ol maiciial cxisicncc and libciaiion liom
ilai bondagc."¯
Tcxi 20
siï-lapiladcval.
siï-lapiladcval-Loid Kapiladcva.
Tlc vcisc quoicd in ilc bcginning ol ilis anucclcda was spolcn by Loid
Kapiladcva.
Anuccheda 56
Tcxi 1
iad cvam sandaibla-dvayc salii-iiaya-viviiiil liia. iaiia namablinnaia-janiia-
blianii-lanaya sangiala-slolal
iai-ilai; cvam-ilus; sandaibla-dvayc-in iwo sandaiblas; salii-iiaya-viviiiil-
dcsciipiion ol ilc ilicc poicncics; liia.-donc; iaiia-ilcic; nama-namcs; ablinnaia-
non-dillcicncc; janiia-biiil; blianii-misialc; lanaya-loi dcsiioying; sangiala-
slolal-ilcsc vciscs.
In ilis way ilc ilicc poicncics ol ilc Loid lavc bccn dcsciibcd in ilcsc iwo
sandaiblas. To icmovc any conlusion ilai may aiisc loi ilc losi ol dillcicni
namcs ilai may bc givcn io ilcsc ilicc poicncics, ilc lollowing vciscs aic quoicd
liom ilc sciipiuics:
Tcxi 2
maya syad aniaianga ya
baliianga ca sa smiia
piadlanc 'pi lvacid disia
iad-viiiii molinï ca sa
maya-maya; syai-is; aniaianga-inicinal; ya-wlicl; baliianga-cxicinal; ca-ansd;
sa-ilai; smiia-callcd; piadlanc-piadlana; api-also; lvacii-somcwlcic; disia-sccn;
iad-viiiil-ilai aciion; molinï-bcwildciing; ca-and; sa-ilai.
"Tlc Loid's poicncics aic maya, aniaianga, and baliianga. Tlc bcwildciing
powcis ol maya aic sccn in ilc piadlana (unmanilcsicd maiici).
Tcxi 3
adyc iiayc syai pialiiis
cic-claliis iv aniaiangila
suddla-jïvc 'pi ic disic
iailcsa-jnana-vïiyayol
adyc-in ilc bcginning; iiayc-in ilc ilicc; syai-is; pialiiil-maiici; cic-claliil-
spiiiiual poicncy; iv-indccd; aniaiangila-aniaianga; suddla-puic; jïvc-soul; api-
also; ic-ilcy; disic-sccn; iaila-so; ïsa-ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad;
jnana-lnowlcdgc; vïiyayol-and powci.
"Maya, baliianga, and piadlana aic ilicc namcs loi ilc Loid's maiciial
poicncy. Cii-salii and aniaianga aic namcs loi ilc Loid's spiiiiual poicncy. Tlc
puic spiiii souls aic manilcsiaiion ol ilc Supicmc Loid's poicncy ol lnowlcdgc
and powci.
Tcxi +
cin-maya-salii-viiiyas iu
vidya-saliii udiiyaic
cic-clalii-viiiau mayayam
yogamaya sama smiia
cii-spiiiiual; maya-maya; salii-poicncy; viiiyal-olnilc aciiviiy; iu-indccd;
vidya-saliil-ilc poicncy ol lnowlcdgc; udiiyaic-is said; cic-clalii-spiiiiual
poicncy; viiiau-in ilwc aciiviiy; mayayam-in maya; yogamaya-yogamaya; sama-
cqual; smiia-considcicd.
"Iiom ilc spiiiiual poicncy comcs ilc poicncy ol iiansccndcnial lnowlcdgc.
Wlcn ii is cngagcd in aciiviiics ilai biing bcwildcimcni, ilc spiiiiual poicncy is
callcd Yogamaya.
Tcxi 5
piadlanavyaliiavyaliam
iiaigunyc pialiiau paiam
na mayayam na cic-claliav
iiy ady ulyam vivcliblil iii.
piadlan-piadlana; avyaliia-avyaliia; avyaliam-abyalia; iiaigunyc-ilicc
modcs; pialiiau-in pialiii; paiam-gicai; na-and; mayayam-in maya; na-noi; cic-
claliav-in ilc spiiiiual poicncy; iii-ilus; adi-bcginning; ulyam-io bc considcicd;
vivcliblil-by ilc wisc; iii.-ilus.
"Piadlana, avyaliia, and avyalia aic namcs ol ilc maiciial poicncy, wlicl is
madc ol ilicc modcs ol maiici. Howcvci, ilc wisc do noi usc ilcsc namcs io iclci
io ilc spiiiiual poicncy oi ilc Yogamaya poicncy."
Tcxi 6
aila maya-laiyam jagal lalsyaic
iaias icnanuviddlcblyo
yulicblyo 'ndam accianam
uiiliiam puiuso yasmad
udaiisilad asau viiai
aila-now; maya-laiyam-ilc aciiviiics ol maya; jagal-ilc woild; lalsyaic-is
claiaciciizcd; iaial-ilcn; icna-by ilc Loid; anuviddlcblyal-liom ilcsc scvcn
piinciplcs, iouscd inio aciiviiy; yulicblyal-uniicd; 'ndam-an cgg; accianam-
uniniclligcni; uiiliiam-iosc; puiusal-Cosmic lcing; yasmai-liom wlicl;
udaiisilai-appcaicd; asau-ilai; viiai-cclcbiaicd.
Tlc aciiviiics ol ilc maiciial poicncy maya aic dcsciibcd in ilc lollowing woids
ol Siïmad-llagavaiam (3.26.61-62):
"Iiom ilcsc scvcn piinciplcs, iouscd inio aciiviiy and uniicd by ilc picscncc ol
ilc Loid, an uniniclligcni cgg aiosc, liom wlicl appcaicd ilc cclcbiaicd Cosmic
lcing.¯
Tcxi 7
ciad andam viscsallyam
liama-viddlaii dasoiiaiail
ioyadiblil paiiviiam
piadlancnaviiaii balil
yaiia lola-viiano 'yam
iupam blagavaio laicl
ciai-ilis; andam-cgg; viscsallyam-callcd viscsa; liama-onc alici anoilci;
viddlail-incicascd; dasa-icn iimcs; uiiaiail-gicaici; ioyadiblil-by waici and so
on; paiiviiam-cnvclopcd; piadlancna-by piadlana; aviiail-covcicd; balil-on ilc
ouisidc; yaiia-wlcic; lola-viianal-ilc cxicnsion ol ilc planciaiy sysicms; ayam-
ilis; iupam-loim; blagavaial-ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; laicl-ol
Loid Haii.
"Tlc univcisal cgg, oi ilc univcisc in ilc slapc ol an cgg, is callcd ilc
manilcsiaiion ol maiciial cncigy. Iis laycis ol waici, aii, liic, sly, cgo, and malai-
iaiiva incicasc in iliclncss onc alici anoilci. Lacl layci is icn iimcs biggci ilan
ilc picvious onc, and ilc linal ouisidc layci is covcicd by piadlana. Wiilin ilc
cgg is ilc univcisal loim ol Loid Haii, ol wlosc body ilc louiiccn planciaiy
sysicms aic paiis."¯.
Tcxi S
icncsvaianuviddlcblyal lsubliicblyo malad-adiblyo 'ndam accianam
uiiliiam. yasmad andad asau viiai puiusas iudaiisilai. blagavaial puiusasya. siï-
lapiladcval.
icna-by Him; ïsvaia-ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; anuviddlcblyal-
anuviddlcblyal; lsubliicblyal-agiiaicd; malad-adiblyal-bcginnign wiil malai-
iaiiva; andam-cgg; accianam-uniniclligcni; uiiliiam.-iiscn; yasmai-liom wlicl;
andai-cgg; asau-ilis; viiai-cosmic; puiusal-pcison; iu-indccd; udaiisilai-iosc;
blagavaial-ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; puiusasya.-ilc puiusa; siï-
lapiladcval-Loid Kapiladcva.
Hcic ilc woid "icna" mcans "by ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad",
"anuviddlcblyal" mcans ilc malai-iaiiva and oilci maiciial piinciplcs wcic
agiiaicd". Iiom ilosc maiciial piinciplcs and uniniclligcni cgg was manilcsicd.
Iiom ilai cgg appcaicd ilc cclcbiaicd Cosmic lcing. Tlc woid "blagavaial"
mcans "ol ilc puiusa-avaiaia".
Anuccheda 57
Tcxi 1
iad cvam blagavaio iupam iiy ulics iasyapi piagvad apialiiaivam apaiaii. ian-
niscdlayala
iai-ilai; cvam-ilus; blagavaial-ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad;
iupam-ilc loim; iii-ilus; ulicl-ol ilc siaicmcni; iasya-ol Him; api-also; piagvai-as
bcloic; apialiiaivam-ilc siaic ol bcing non-maiciial; apaiaii.-aiiaincd; ian-
niscdlaya-loi icluiaiion; ala-said.
Somc may say ilai ilc univcisal loim ol ilc Loid, as dcsciibcd in ilcsc iwo
vciscs, is a spiiiiual loim. Tlai idca is icluicd by ilc lollowing siaicmcni aboui ilc
Loid's univcisal loim (Siïmad-llagavaiam 2.10.35):
Tcxi 2
amunï blagavad-iupc
maya ic ly anuvainiic
ublc api na gilnanii
maya-sisic vipasciial
amunï-all ilcsc; blagavai-unio ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; iupc-in
ilc lioms; maya-by mc; ic-unio you; li-cciiainly; anuvainiic-dcsciibcd
icspcciivcly; ublc-boil; api-also; na-ncvci; gilnanii-acccpis; maya-cxicinal; sisic-
bcing so manilcsicd; vipasciial-ilc lcaincd onc wlo lnows.
"Nciilci ol ilc abovc loims ol ilc Loid, as jusi dcsciibcd unio you liom ilc
maiciial anglc ol vision, is acccpicd by ilc puic dcvoiccs ol ilc Loid wlo lnow
Him wcll."¯
Tcxi 3
amunï amu. upasanaiilam blagavaiy aiopiic jagad-aimalcsilula-sulsmallyc
viiai liianyagaiblapaia-paiyayc vyasii-samasii-saiïic yc maya iublyam anuvainiic
ic ublc api vipasciio na gilnanii. vasiuiaya nopasaic. lim iaili iadïya-
baliiangadlisilanaiayaivciy aiilal.
amunï-amuni; amu.-ilcy; upasanaiilam-loi ilc puiposc ol woislip; blagavaii-
io ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; aiopiic-imposcd; jagai-univcisc; aimalc-
scll; silula-gioss; sulsma-subilc; allyc-callcd; viiai-univcisal loim;
liianyagaiblapaia-paiyayc-callcd liianyagiabla; vyasii-samasii-individual and
univcisal; saiïic-in ilc body; yc-wlo; maya-by mc; iublyam-io you; anuvainiic-
dcsciibcd; ic-ilcy; ublc-boil; api-also; vipasciial-wisc; na-noi; gilnanii.-acccpi;
vasiuiaya-in iiuil; na-noi; upasaic-woislip; lim-wlcilci; iaili-ilcn; iadïya-His;
baliianga-cxicinal; adlisilanaiaya-as ilc manilcsiaiion; cva-indccd; iii-ilus;
aiilal-ilc mcaning.
Hcic ilc woid "amunï" mcans "ilcy". Tlc univcisal loim ol ilc Loid is
imaginaiy, an aiiilicial loim in wlicl ilc cniiic univcisc, consisiing ol ilc small
and ilc gicai, ilc individuals and ilc vaiious gioups, aic imagincd io bc paiis ol
ilc Loid's gicai body. Tlc Siïmad-llagavaiam vcisc dcclaics, "Tlis loim I lavc
dcsciibcd unio you liom ilc maiciial anglc ol vision, is noi acccpicd by ilc puic
dcvoiccs ol ilc Loid wlo lnow Him wcll." Tlis mcans ilai ilc wisc dcvoiccs ol
ilc Loid do noi woislip ilc univcisal loim, loi ilai loim is composcd ol ilc
Loid's cxicinal (baliianga) maiciial poicncy.
Tcxi +
iad uliam vaisnavc
yad ciad disyaic muiiam
ciaj-jnanaimanas iava
blianii-jnancna pasyanii
jagad-iupam ayoginal. iii.
iai-iali; uliam-said; vaisnavc-in ilc Visdnu Puiana; yai-wlai; ciai-ilis;
disyaic-is sccn; muiiam-loim; ciaj-jnanaimanal-ilai lnowlcdgc; iava-ol you;
blianii-jnancna-wiil a misialcn idca; pasyanii-ilcy scc; jagad-iupam-ilc
univcisall loim; ayoginal-wlo aic noi yogis; iii.-ilus.
Tlis is also conliimcd by ilc lollowing woids ol Visnu Puiana (1.+.39):
"O Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad lillcd wiil iiansccndcnial lnowlcdgc, lools
wlo aic noi advanccd in yoga misialcnly ilinl ilc cniiic maiciial univcisc is onc
ol Youi loims."
Tcxi 5
cian-muiiam jagad-blianii-jnancnaiva iava iupam jananiïiy aiilal.siuiis ca
ncdam yad idam upasaic iii. yad idam jagad upasaic pianinal. ncdam bialma iii
siï-iamanuja-blasyam.
cian-muiiam-ilisd loim; jagai-ilc maiciial univcisc; blianii-misialcn;
jnancna-idca; cva-indccd; iava-by ilis; iupam-loim; jananii-lnow; iii-ilus; aiilal-
mcaning;.siuiil-Siuii-sasiia; ca-and; na-noi; idam-ilis; yai-wlai; idam-ilis;
upasaic-woislip; iii.-ilus; yai-wlai; idam-ilis; jagai-univcisc; upasaic-woislip;
pianinal.-living cniiiics; na-noi; idam-ilis; bialma-ilc Supicmc; iii-ilus; siï-
iamanuja-pl Siï Ramanujacaiya; blasyam-ilc commcniaiy.
"Tlis vcisc mcans, O supicmc Loid, ilcy misialcnly ilinl ilc maiciial
univcisc is onc ol Youi loims'. In ilc Kcna Upanisad (1.+) ii is said:
"Tlc objcci ol ilcii woislip is noi in iiuil ilc Supicmc."
Siïla Ramanujacaiya commcnis:
"Tlcsc woids mcan, Tlc pcoplc woislip ilc univcisal loim, bui ilc univcisal
loim is noi a ical loim ol ilc Supicmc'."
Tcxi 6
aia cva na gilnaniïiy aiia lciui maya-sisic. na iu svaiupa-salii-piaduiblaviic.
ancna caiui-blujadi-lalsanasya salsad-iupasya mayaiïiaivam api vyaliam. aiiasya
jagaio maya-mayasya puiusa-iupaivc puiusa-gunavaiaianam visnv-adïnam
saiivadi-mayas iad-amsa-iupanïii jncyam.
aia cva-ilcicloic; na-noi; gilnanii-acccpi; iii-ilus; aiia-lcic; lciul-ilc icason;
maya-sisic-cicaicd by maya; na-noi; iu-bui; svaiupa-pcisonal; salii-poicncy;
piaduiblaviic-manilcsicd; ancna-by ilis; caiui-blujadi-lalsanasya-claiacliciisiics
bcinging wiil laving loui aims; salsai-diicci; iupasya-loim; mayaiïiaivam-ilc
siaic ol bcing abovc maya; api-also; vyaliam.-manilcsicd; aiia-lcic; asya-ol ilis;
jagaial-univcisc; maya-mayasya-madc ol maya; puiusa-iupaivc-in ilc loim ol ilc
puiusa-avaiaia; puiusa-gunavaiaianam-ol ilc puiusa-avaiaias and guna-avaiaias;
visnv-adïnam-bcginning wciil Loid Vissnu; saiivadi-bcginning wiil goodncss;
mayal-consisiing ol; iad-amsa-iupani-paiiial cxpansions; iii-ilus; jncyam-io bc
lnown.
ilc icason wly ilc lcaincd dcvoiccs do noi acccpi (na gilnanii) ilc univcisal
loim is givcn in ilc woids "maya-sisic" (cicaicd by maya). Tlc univcisal loim is
noi manilcsicd by ilc Loid's inicinal spiiiiual poicncy, ii is noi lilc ilc Loid's
oilci loims, wlicl lavc loui aims and many similai lcaiuics, and ii is noi abovc
ilc maiciial woild il maya, as ilc Loid's loims always aic. Wiilin ilc maiciial
univcisc ilc Loid's guna-avaiaias appcai, and ilcii loims coniiol ilc ilicc modcs
ol maiciial naiuic.
Tcxi 7
iany apclsya coliam mailandcyc
visnul saiïia-gialanam
alam ïsana cva ca
laiiias ic yaio 'ias ivam
lal sioium saliiman blavci. iii.
iani-ilcm; apclsya-in iclaiion io; c-also; uliam-said; mailandcyc-in ilc
Mailandcya Puiana; visnul-Loid Visnu; saiïia-gialanam-ilc acccpiancc ol a
body; alam-I; ïsana-Siva; cva-indccd; ca-also; laiiial-donc; ic-ilcy; yaial-bccausc
ol; aial-ilcn; ivam-You; lal-wlo; sioium-io piaisc; saliiman-laving ilc powci;
blavci.-is; iii.-ilus.
Tlis is dcsciibcd in ilc lollowing woids ol ilc Mailandcya Puiana, wlcic ilc
dcmigod lialma dcclaics:
"Visnu, Siva, and I all acccpi loims in ilis woild. O Visnu, wlo las ilc powci
io piopcily gloiily Youi iiansccndcnial loim'"
Tcxi S
saiïia-sabdasya iai-ian-nija-saiïia-vaciivc iu iad-gialanai puivam visnv-adi-
blcdasamblavai ian-niidcsanupapaiicl. siï-sulal.
saiïia-sabdasya-ol ilc woid saiiia; iai-ian-nija-saiïia-vaciivc-wiil ilc woid own
body; iu-bui; iad-gialanai-liom acccpiing ilai; puivam-picviously; visnv-wiil
Loid Visnu; adi-bcginning; blcda-dillcicncc; asamblavai-bccausc ol bcing
impossiblc; ian-niidcsanupapaiicl-liom ilai cxplanaiion; siï-sulal-Siïla Suladcva
Gosvami.
Hcic ilc woid "saiïia" mcans "His own body". Howcvci, ilc loims ol Loid
Visnu and ilc oilci loims ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad aic dillcicni
liom ilc loims ol ilc dcmigods. Tlai is cxplaincd lcic. Tlc vcisc quoicd in ilc
bcginning do ilis anucclcda was spolcn by Siïla Suladcva Gosvami.
Anuccheda 58
Tcxi 1
puivam maya-sisic iiy uliam. iaiia maya-sabdasya najnanaiilaivam. iad-vadc
li saivam cva jïvadi-dvaiiam ajnancnaiva sva-svaiupcna bialmani lalpyaic iii
maiam. niialanlaiasya lcnacid dlaimaniaicnapi ialiiasya saiva-vilalsanasya cin-
maiiasya bialmanas iu najnanasiayaivam. na cajnana-visayaivam. na ca bliama-
lciuivam samblavaiïii.
puivam-picviously; maya-sisic-cicaicd by maya; iii-ilus; uliam.-said; iaiia-
ilcic; maya-sabdasya-ol ilc woid maya; na-noi; ajnanaiilaivam-loi ignoiancc;
iad-vadc-in ilai siaicmcwni; li-indccd; saivam-all; cva-indccd; jïvadi-dvaiiam-
dillcicni liom ilc individual souls and oilcis; ajnancna-by ignoiancc; cva-indccd;
sva-svaiupcna-wiil His own loim; bialmani-in ilc Supicmc; lalpyaic-is
considcicd; iii-ilus; maiam.-ilc opinion; niialanlaiasya-wiiloui lalsc cgo;
lcnacii-by somconc; dlaimaniaicna-wiiloui dlaima; api-also; ialiiasya-wiiloui;
saiva-all; vilalsanasya-dillcicni; cin-maiiasya-only spiiii; bialmanal-ol ilc
Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; iu-bui; na-noi; ajnana-ol ignoiancc; asiayaivam-
ilc siaic ol bcing ilc slclici; na-noi; ca-and; ajnana-ol ignoiancc; visayaivam-in
iclaiion io; na-noi; ca-and; bliama-lciuivam-ilc causc ol ilc misialc;
samblavaiiis possiblc; iii-ilus.
In ilc picviously quoicd Siïmad-llagavaiam vcisc, in ilc compound woid
"maya-sisic", ilc woid "maya" docs noi mcan "ignoiancc". Tlc undcisianding
lcic is ilai ilc individual spiiii souls and cvciyiling clsc aic dillcicni liom ilc
Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad. Tlc undcisianding lcic is ilai ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad, wlo is licc ol lalsc cgo, wlo is noi maiciial, and wlo is
dillcicni liom and supciioi io all clsc, is noi ilc icsiing placc ol ignoiancc oi
illusion. Nciilci is Hc is ilc giip ol ignoiancc. Noi is lc ilc causc ol illusion loi
oilcis.
Tcxi 2
paiamalaulila-vasiuivad aciniya-saliiivam iu samblavci. yai llalu ciniamany-
adav api disyaic. yaya saliya iii-dosa-glnausadli-vai paiaspaia-viiodlinam api
gunanam dlaiinya iasya niiavayavaivadilc saiy api savayavaivadilam angï-liiam.
paiamalaulila-vasiuivai-bccausc ol bcing mosi cxiiaoidinaiy; aciniya-
saliiivam-ilc siaic ol inconccivablc poicncics; iu-indccd; samblavci.-may bc; yai-
wlai; llalu-indccd; ciniamany-adav-bcginning wiil a ciniamani jcwcl; api-also;
disyaic.-is nsccn; yaya-by wlicl; saliya-poicncy; iii-dosa-ilicc dclccis; glna-
dcsiioying; ausadli-mcdicinc; vai-lilc; paiaspaia-viiodlinam-muiually
coniiadicioiy; api-also; gunanam-ol qualiiics; dlaiinya-lolsing; iasya-ol ilai;
niiavayavaivadilc-bcginning wiil noi posscsssing limbs; saii-bcing so; api-also;
savayavaivadilam-bcginning wiil posscssing limbs; angï-liiam.-acccpicd.
lccausc Hc is mosi wondcilul and cxiiaoidinaiy, ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad is ilc masici ol inconccivablc poicncics. Lilc a miiaculously powcilul
ciniamani jcwcl, lilc a miiaculous mcdicinc ilai cuics ilc ilicc linds ol discascs,
and lilc oilci miiaculous ilings, ilc Loid's inconccivablc poicncy can do all
wondcilul ilings. Ii can cvcn do iwo muiually coniiadicioiy ilings ai ilc ilc samc
iimc. Ioi cxamplc, ii can aiiangc ilai ilc Supicmc Loid las limbs and ai ilc samc
iimc docs noi lavc limbs.
Tcxi 3
iaiia sabdas casii piamanam viciiia-saliil puiusal puiano na canycsam
saliayas iadisal syul iiy adilam svciasvaiaiopanisad-adau.
iaiia-ilcic; sabdal-woid; ca-and; asii-is; piamanam-cvidicncc; viciiia-saliil-
wondcilul poicncy; puiusal-ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; puianal-
ancicni; na-noi; ca-and; anycsam-ol oilcis; saliayal-poicncics; iadisal-lilc ilai;
syul-aic; iii-ilus; adilam-bcginning; svciasvaiaiopanisad-adau-bcginning wiil ilc
Svciasvaiaia Upanisad.
Piool ol ilc Loid's inconccivablc poicncics is sccn in ilc Svciasvaiaia Upanisad
and oilci sciipiuics. Tlcic ii is said:
"Tlc ancicni Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad las wondcilul powcis. No onc
clsc las powcis lilc His."
Tcxi +
aimcsvaio 'iailya-salasia-saliil iiy adilam siï-blagavaiadisu.
aimcsvaio 'iailya-salasia-saliil iiy adilam siï-blagavaiadisu-Siïmad-
llagavaiam 3.33.3.
Tlc Loid's inconccivablc poicncics aic also dcsciibcd in ilis piayci addicsscd
io ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad (Siïmad-llagavaiam 3.33.3):
"Youi divcisc cncigics can aci muliilaiiously. Tlis is inconccivablc io us."¯
Tcxi 5
iaila ca bialma-suiiam aimani caivam viciiias ca li iii.
iaila-so; ca-also; bialma-suiiam-Vcdania-suiia; aimani-in ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; ca-also; cvam-ilus; viciiial-wondcilul; ca-also; li-indccd;
iii-ilus.
Tlc Loid's inconccivablc poicncics aic also dcsciibcd in ilcsc woids ol
Vcdania-suiia (2.1.2S):
"Many wondcilul powcis icsidc in ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad."
Tcxi 6
iaiia dvaiiany ailanupapaiiyapi bialmanya-jnanadilam lalpayiium na salyaic.
asamblavad cva. bialmany aciniya-salii-sad-blavasya yulii-labdlaivai siuiaivac
ca dvaiiany anupapaiiis ca duic gaia.
iaiia-ilcic; dvaiiani-dillcicni; aila-ilcn; anupapaiiya-by ilc cxplanaiion; api-
also; bialmanya-jnanadilam-bcginning wiil lnowlcdgc ol ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; lalpayiium-io undcisiand; na-noi; salyaic.-is ablc;
asamblavai-bccausc ol impossibiliiy; cva.-indccd; bialmani-in ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; aciniya-salii-inconccivablc poicncics; sad-blavasya-ol ilc
iiansccndcnial cxisicncc; yulii-labdlaivai-bccausc ol logic; siuiaivac-bccausc ol
ilc Vcdic icvclaiion; ca-and; dvaiiani-dillcicni; anupapaiiil-illogicalncss; ca-and;
duic-lai away; gaia.-gonc
Ii is noi logical io say ilai ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad docs noi lavc
inconccivablc poicncics ilai can aiiangc loi ilc Loid io posscss muiually
coniiadicioiy qualiiics, loi no onc las ilc powci io undcisiand ilc Loid
complcicly. Tlc Loid musi lavc inconccivablc poicncics, loi ilai is logical and ii
is also conliimcd by ilc Vcdic icvclaiion. Tlcicloic idca ilai ilc Loid docs noi
lavc sucl powcis ilai can givc Him muiually coniiadicioiy qualiiics is illogical
and slould bc iliown lai away.
Tcxi 7
iaias caciniya-saliii cva dvaiiopapaiiau laianam paiyavasïyaic. iasman
niivilaiadi-svablavcna saio 'pi paiamaimano 'ciniya-saliya visvalaiaivadina
paiinamadilam blavaii. ciniamany-ayaslaniadïnam saivaiila-piasava-lola-
calanadi-vai.
iaial-ilcicloic; caciniya-saliil-inconccivablc poicncics; cva-indccd;
dvaiiopapaiiau-in ilc idca ol dillcicncc; laianam-ilc causc; paiyavasïyaic-comc io
an cnd; iasman-ilcicloic; niivilaiadi-svablavcna-ilc naiuic ol noi laving a loim
and oilci lilc naiuics; saial-bcging so; api-also; paiamaimanal-ol ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; aciniya-saliya-by ilc inconccivablc poicncy; visva-ol ilc
univcisc; alaiaiva-laving ilc loim; adina-bcginning wiil; paiinamadilam-
bcginning wiil iiansloimaiion; blavaii.-is; ciniamani-ciniamani jcwcl; ayaslania-
magnci; adïnam-bcginning wiil; saiva-all; aiila-mcaning; piasava-cicaiion; lola-
woilds; calana-movinl; adi-bcginning wiil; vai-lilc.
Tlcicloic ilc conclusion is ilai ilc Loid's inconccivablc poicncy aiiangcs ilai
ilc Loid can lavc many muiually coniiadicioiy aiiiibuics. Tlus is bccausc ol ilc
Loid's inconccivablc poicncy ilai ilc Loid is clangclcss, and ai ilc samc iimc
clangcs Himscll io bccomc ilc univcisal loim and oilci loims. As a ciniamani
jcwcl las many wondcilul powcis, and as a magnci las ilc wondcilul powci io
aiiiaci picccs ol iion, so ilc Loid's poicncics lavc many wondcilul powcis also.
Tcxi S
iad ciad angï-liiam siï-badaiayancna siuics iu sabda-mulaivai iii.
iai-ilis; ciai-ilai; angï-liiam-acccpicd; siï-badaiayancna-by Siï Vyasa; siuicl-ol
Siuii-sasiia; iu-indccd; sabda-ol ilc woids; mulaivai-bccausc ol bcing ilc iooi; iii-
ilus.
Tlis iiuil is also acccpicd by Siï Vyasadcva, wlo dcclaics (Vcdania-suiia
2.1.27):
"Tlc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad may lavc inconccivablc poicncics and
muiually coniiadicioiy qualiiics, loi ilcsc iiuils aic all dcsciibcd in ilc sciipiuics,
wlicl aic ilc iooi ol all lnowlcdgc ol ilc spiiiiual icaliiy."
Tcxi 9
iaias iasya iadisa-saliiivai pialiiavan maya-sabdasycndia-jala-vidya-vaciivam
api na yuliam. liniu mïyaic viciiiam niimïyaic 'naycii viciiiaiila-laia-salii-
vaciivam cva. iasmai paiamaima-paiinama cva sasiia-siddlanial. iad ciac ca
blagavai-sandaiblc viviiam asii.
iaial-ilcn; iasya-ol Him; iadisa-saliiivai-bccausc ol laving inconccibalc
poicncics lilc ilis; pialiiavan-maiciial; maya-maya; sabdasya-ol ilc woid; india-
jala-miiagc; vidya-lnowlcdgc; vaciivam-siaicmcni; api-also; na-noi; yuliam.-
logical; liniu-lowcvci; mïyaic-is aiiangcd; viciiiam-wondci; niimïyaic-is cicaicd;
anaya-by ilai; iii-ilus; viciiiaiila-laia-cicaiing wondcis; salii-poicncy; vaciivam-
io bc said; cva.-indccd; iasmai-ilcicloic; paiamaima-ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad; paiinama-iiansloimaiion; cva-indccd; sasiia-siddlanial.-ilc conclusion
ol ilc sciipiuics; iai-ilai; ciac-ilis; ca-and; blagavai-sandaiblc-in llagavai-
sandaibla; viviiam-icvcalcd; asii-is.
lccausc ilcy aic lilc ilai, ii is noi logical io say ilai ilc powcis ol ilc Loid's
iiansccndcnial poicncics aic lilc ilc magical iiicls ol ilc illusoiy maiciial poicncy
maya. Howcvci, ii is piopci io say ilai ilc Loid's iiansccndcnial poicncics lavc
ilc powci io do gicai wondcis. Tlcicloic ilc conclusion ol ilc sciipiuics is ilai
ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad can iiansloim Himscll in any way Hc wislcs.
Tlis is also cxplaincd in ilc llagavai-sandaibla.
Tcxi 10
iaiia capaiinaiasyaiva saio 'ciniyaya iaya saliya paiinama iiy asau san-
maiiaiavablasamana-svaiupa-vyula-iupa-diavyallya-salii-iupcnaiva paiinamaic.
na iu svaiupcncii gamyaic. yailaiva ciniamanil. aias ian-mulaivan na
paiamaimopadanaia-sampiaiipaiii-blangal.
iaiia-ilcic; ca-and; apaiinaiasya-unclangcd; cva-indccd; saial-bcing so;
aciniyaya-inconccivablc; iaya-by ilai; saliya-poicncy; paiinama-iiansloimaiion;
iii-ilus; asau-ilis; san-maiiaiavablasamana-bcing manilcsicd in ilai way; svaiupa-
own loims; vyula-muliiiudc; iupa-loims; diavya-ilings; allya-callcd; salii-
poicncy; iupcna-in ilc loim; cva-indccd; paiinamaic.-is iiansloiimcd; na-noi; iu-
bui; svaiupcna-by His oiiginal loim; iii-ilus; gamyaic.-is aiiaincd; yaila-as; cva-
indccd; ciniamanil-a ciniamani jcwcl; aial-ilcn; ian-mulaivan-bccausc ol bcing
ilc iooi ol ii; na-noi; paiamaima-ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; upadanaia-
ilc siaic ol bcing ilc ingicdicni; sampiaiipaiii-admission; blangal-bicaling.
Lvcn ilougl Hc is unclanging and is ncvci iiansloimcd, by ilc agcncy ol His
inconccivably poicncy, ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad bccomcs iiansloimcd.
Tlus, by ilc agcncy ol His inconccivablc poicncy, ilc Loid can manilcsi many
dillcicni iiansccndcnial loims. Howcvci, ilis docs noi mcan ilai His oiiginal
iiansccndcnial loim is clangcd oi losi. Tlus ilc Loid's poicncy is lilc a ciniamani
jcwcl, wlicl can do any wondcilul iling. In ilis way ilc idca ilai, bccausc Hc is
ilc iooi ol all cxisicncc, ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad is Himscll ilc
ingicdicni ol ilc wlicl ilc maiciial woild is madc is clcaily icluicd.
Tcxi 11
iad uliam cladasc siï-blagavaia
pialiiii ly asyopadanam
adlaial puiusal paial
saio 'blivyanjalal lalo
bialma iai iiiiayam iv alam. iii.
iai-ilai; uliam-said; cladasc-in ilc clcvcnil canio; siï-blagavaia-by ilc
Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; pialiiil-maiciial naiuic; li-indccd; asya-ol ii;
upadanam-ilc ingicdicni; adlaial-ilc icsiing placc; puiusal-ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; paial-supicmc; saial-ol ilc ical; ablivyanjalal-agiiaiing;
lalal-iimc; bialma-ilc Supicmc; iai-ilai; iiiiayam-ilc ilicc; iv-bui; alam.-I; iii.-
ilus.
Tlai ilc maiciial naiuic, and noi ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad, is ilc
ingicdicni ol wlicl ilc maiciial woild is madc is also conliimcd by ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad Himscll, wlo dcclaics in ilc Llcvcnil Canio (Siïmad-
llagavaiam 11.2+.19):
"Tlc maiciial univcisc may bc considcicd ical, laving naiuic as iis oiiginal
ingicdicni and linal siaic. Loid Mala-Visnu is ilc icsiing placc ol naiuic, wlicl
bccomcs manilcsi by ilc powci ol iimc. Tlus naiuic, ilc almigliy Visnu, and iimc
aic noi dillcicni liom Mc, ilc Supicmc Absoluic Tiuil."¯¯¯
Tcxi 12
aia cva lvacid asya bialmopadanaivam lvacii piadlanopadanaivam ca siuyaic.
iaiia sa mayallya paiinama-saliis ca dvi-vidla vainyaic. nimiiiamsa maya.
upadanamsal piadlanam iii. iaiia lcvala saliii nimiiiam ivad-vyula-mayi
iupadanam iii vivclal.
aia cva-ilcicloic; lvacii-somcwlcic; asya-ol lim; bialma-ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; upadanaivam-ilc siaius ol ilc ingicdicni; lvacii-
somcwlcic; piadlana-ol piadlana; upadanaivam-ilc siaius ol ilc ingicdicni; ca-
and; siuyaic.-is lcaid; iaiia-ilcic; sa-and; mayallya-callcd maya; paiinama-saliil-
ilc powci ol iiansloimaiion; ca-and; dvi-vidla-iwo linds; vainyaic.-is dcsciibcd;
nimiiiamsa-ilc causc; maya.-maya; upadanamsal-ilc ingicdicni; piadlanam-
piadlana; iii-ilus; iaiia-ilcic; lcvala-alonc; saliil-poicncy; nimiiiam-causc; ivad-
vyula-mayi-consisiing ol Youi gioup; iu-indcd; upadanam-ingicdicni; iii-ilus;
vivclal-disiinciion.
In somc placcs in ilc sciipiuics ii is said ilai ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad is ilc ingicdicni ol wlicl ilc maiciial woild is madc and in oilci placcs
in ilc sciipiuics ii is said ilai piadlana ia ilc ingicdicni ol wlicl ilc woild is
madc. Tlc maiciial iiansloimaiion poicncy, wlicl is callcd maya is dcsciibcd in
iwo ways, as: 1. maya, ilc causc ol ilc maiciial woild, and 2. piadlana, ilc
ingicdicni ol wlicl ilc maiciial woild is madc. In ilis maiici ilc wisc dcvoiccs
piay, "O Loid, Youi spiiiiual poicncy, wlicl is manilcsicd liom Youi loui
cxpansions ol Vasudcva, Sanlaisana, Piadyumna, and Aniiuddla, is ilc ical causc
and ingicdicni ol ilc maiciial woild."
Tcxi 13
aia cva siuiav api vijnanam cavijnanam ca iii lasyacid blagasyaccianaia
siuyaic.
aia cva-ilcicloic; siuiau-in ilc Siuii-sasiia; api-also; vijnanam-iiansccndcnial
lnowlcdgc; ca-and; avijnanam-maiciial ignoiancc; ca-and; iii-ilus; lasyacii-ol
somconc; blagasya-ol a paii; accianaia-lacl ol iniclligcncc; siuyaic.-is said.
Tlc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad also cicaicd maiciial ignoiancc. In ilc
Taiiiiiïya Upanisad (2.6.1) ii is said:
"Iiom ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad boil lnowlcdgc and ignoiancc
comc."
Tcxi 1+
aila mula-piamanc siï-blagavaic 'pi iiiïyadau mullya cva sisii-piasiavc ca
jnana-vaiiagyangaivcna ca puiananiaia-gaii-samanya-scviial piadlana-paiinama
cva spluiam upalablyaic.
aila-now; mula-piamanc-in ilc iooi ol all cvidcncc; siï-blagavaic-in Siïmad-
llagavaiam; api-also; iiiïyadau-in ilc bcginning lod ilc iliid canio; mullya-
piimaiy; cva-indccd; sisii-piasiavc-in ilc bcginning ol cicaiion; ca-also; jnana-
lnowlcdgc; vaiiagya-and icnunciaiion; angaivcna-as paiis; ca-and; puiana-Puiana;
aniaia-anoilci; gaii-goal; samanya-in gcncial; scviial-scivcd; piadlana-paiinama-
iiansloimaiion lo piadlana; cva-indccd; spluiam-clcaily; upalablyaic-is
pciccivcd.
In Siïmad-llagavaiam, wlicl is ilc iooi ol all cxplanaiions ol ilc iiuil, in ilc
Tliid Canio, in ilc dcsciipiion ol cicaiion, ii is said ilai ilc maiciial woild is a
iiansloimaiion ol iiansccndcnial lnowlcdgc and icnunciaiion. Howcvci, in oilci
Puianas is said ilai ilc maiciial woild is a iiansloimaiion ol piadlana.
Tcxi 15
lva ca siuiy-adau jnana-vaiiagyangaiayaiva vivaiio 'pi yal siuyaic. so 'pi jagaio
nanyaila-siddlaia-paial. liniu paiamaima-vyula-piadlana-paiinamcna
siddlasyaiva iasya samasii-vyasii-iupasya yaila-yailam suddlc paiamaimani iad-
amsa-iupaimani vaimaimïyaiadlyaiopiiaia-paial.
lva-wlcic; ca-and; siuiy-adau-in ilc bcginning ol ilc piaycis; jnana-
vaiiagyangaiaya-as paiis pl lnowlcdgc and icnunciaiion; cva-indccd; vivaiial-in
iiansloimaiion; api-also; yal-wlai; siuyaic.-is lcaid; sal-ilai; api-also; jagaial-ol
ilc univcisc; na-noi; anyaila-oilciwisc; siddlaia-paial-conclusion; liniu-
lowcvci; paiamaima-vyula-ol ilc caiui-vyula loims; piadlana-ol piadlana;
paiinamcna-by ilc iiansloimaiion; siddlasya-concludcd; cva-indccd; iasya-ol ilai;
samasii-ol ilc aggicgaic; vyasii-ol ilc individual; iupasya-ol ilc loim; yaila-
yailam-as ii is; suddlc-puic; paiamaimani-in ilc Supcisoul; iai-ol Him; amsa-
paii; iupa-loim; aimani-in ilc scll; va-oi; aimaimïyaia-ol ilc scll; adlyaiopiiaia-
paial-imposcd.
In ilc picviously dcsciibcd piayci ol Siïmad-llagavaiam ii was said ilai ilc
maiciial woild is a iiansloimaiion ol impcisonal lnowlcdgc and icnunciaiion.
Tlai is ilc iiuil. Ii is noi oilciwisc. Siill, ilai iiansloimaiion is cllccicd by ilc
piadlana, wlicl is iiscll manilcsicd liom ilc Caiui-vyula cxpansions ol ilc Loid.
In ilis way ilc individuals and gioups ilai compiisc ilc maiciial woild aic
imagincd io bc paiis ol ilc body ol ilc puic Supicmc Loid.
Tcxi 16
iaiia paiamaimani viiad-upasana-valyadi-siavanam lciui aimani iu iai-iad-
avcso lciui iii vivccanïyam. anyaiia siddlasya vasiuna cvanyaiiaiopo yaial suliau
iajaiasya. ciad cva miilya-lla-puspadci aiopasamblavai puiva-puiva-vivaiia-
maiia-siddlanadi-paiaspaiaivc disianiablavac ca.
iaiia-ilcic; paiamaimani-in ilc Suocisoul; viiad-upasana-valyadi-siavanam-
dcsciipiion ol ilc woislip ol ilc univcisal loim; lciul-icason; aimani-in ilc
Supcisoul; iu-indccd; iai-iad-avcsal-cniciing ilcm; lciul-icason; iii-ilus;
vivccanïyam.-io bc considcicd; anyaiia-in anoilci placc; siddlasya-piovcd;
vasiuna-in iiuil; cva-indccd; anyaiia-in anoilci placc; aiopal-aiiilical imposiiion;
yaial-bccausc; suliau-in a scaslcll; iajaiasya.-ol silvci; ciai-ilis; cva-indccd;
miilya-lalsc; lla-in ilc sly; puspa-ol a llowci; adcl-bcginning; aiopa-imposiiion;
asamblavaibccausc ol ilc impossibiliy; puiva-llowci; puiva-picvious; vivaiia-
iiansloimaiion; maiia-only; siddla-piovcd; anadi-wiiloui bcginning;
paiaspaiaivc-muiual; disiania-cxamplc; ablavac-in ilc abscncc; ca-and.
Ii is bccausc ilc Supicmc Loid assumcs ilc loim ol ilc Supcisoul and ilus
cnicis ilc maiciial woild ilai ii is said in ilc sciipiuics ilai ilc maiciial univcisc
is onc ol ilc Loid 's loims. Tlai is ilc icason. Tlc iiuil is ilai jusi as ilc silvciy
gliiici on a scaslcll is noi ically silvci, so ilc so-callcd univcisal loim is noi ically
a loim ol ilc Supicmc Loid. As a llowci imagincd io lloai in ilc sly cxisis only in
ilc imaginaiion, so ilc Loid's univcisal loim is only an imaginaiion. In ilis way
ilc impcisonalisis' idca ilai ilc univcisc is mcicly a iiansloimaiion ol ilc
Supicmc is clcaily icluicd.
Tcxi 17
lim ca puivam llalu vaii-daisnaad vaiy-alaia mano-viiiii jaiapi iad-
apiasanga-samayc supia iisilaii. iai-iulya-vasiu-daisancna iu jagaiii. iad-
viscsanusandlanam vina iad-ablcdcna svaianiiaiam aiopayaii. iasman na vaii
miilya. na va iai-smaianamayï iad-alaia viiiii na va iai-iulyam maiïciladi vasiu.
liniu iad-ablcdcnaiopa cvayailaiilaivan miilya.
lim ca-luiilcimoic; puivam-picvious; llalu-indccd; vaii-daisnaai-liom sccing
waici; vaiy-alaia-ilc loim ol waici; mano-viiiil-ilc ilougli; jaia-boin; api-cvcn;
iad-apiasanga-samayc-ai ilc iimc ol non-coniaci; supia-slccping; iisilaii.-siays;
iai-iulya-vasiu-ilinl lilc ilai; daisancna-by sccing; iu-indccd; jagaiii.-awalcns;
iad-viscsanusandlanam-ilc scaicl loi ilai iling; vina-wiiloui; iad-ablcdcna-by
wlai is noi dillcicni liom ii; svaianiiaiam-indcpcndcncc; aiopayaii.-imposcs;
iasman-liom ilai; na-noi; vaii-waici; miilya.-lalsc; na-noi; va-oi; iai-ol ilai;
smaianamayï-consisiing ol ilc mcmoiy; iad-alaia-ilc liom ol ilai; viiiil-aciiviiy;
na-noi; va-oi; iai-iulyam-cqual io ilai; maiïcila-magical iiicls; adi-bcginning
wiil; vasiu-iling; liniu-lowcvci; iad-ablcdcna-noi dillcicni liom ilai; aiopa-by
aiiilical imposiiion; cva-indccd; ayailaiilaivan-bccausc ol noi bcing lilc ilai;
miilya-lalsc.
Wlcn onc sccs waici, ilc loim ol waici bccomcs impicsscd wiilin ilc mind.
Lvcn wlcn ii is noi consciously biougli up in ilougli, ilai loim icmains
doimani in ilc mind. Howcvci, wlcn onc sccs somciling ilai icscmblcs waici,
ilc conccpiion ol ilc loim ol waici awalcns in ilc mind. In ilis way onc may scc
a miiagc: somciling ilai lools lilc, bui is noi waici. Tlc ical waici ilai onc saw
bcloic is noi lalsc, ilc iling onc sccs ai picscni, cvcn ilougl onc docs noi
undcisiand iis iiuc naiuic, is noi lalsc, and ilc mind's mcmoiy ol waici is noi
lalsc. Siill, onc lalscly ilinls a piccc ol diy land io bc a lalc lillcd wiil waici. In
ilc samc way somc plilosoplcis lalscly ilinl ilc maiciial univcisc is a loim ol
ilc Supicmc Loid.
Tcxi 1S
svapnc ca maya-maiiam iu laiisnycnablivyalia-svaiupaivai iii nyaycna jagiad-
disia-vasiv-alaiayam mano-viiiau paiamaima-maya iad-vasiv-ablcdam aiopayaiïii
puivavai.
svapnc-in dicam; ca-also; maya-maiiam-only maya; iu-bui; laiisnycna-
complcicly; an-noi; ablivyalia-manilcsi; svaiupaivai-bccausc ol laving a loim; iii-
ilus; nyaycna-by ilc Vcdania-suiia; jagiai-waling; disia-scc; vasiu-iling;
alaiayam-ilc loim; mano-viiiau-ilc minds; aciions; paiamaima-ilc Supcisoul; -
maya-maya; iad-vasiv-ablcdam-noi dillcicnmi liom ilai iling; aiopayaii-
imagincs; iii-ilus; puivavai-as bcloic.
Tlis is also iiuc ol dicams. In ilc Vcdania-suiia (3.2.3) ii is said:
"Dicams aic illusions manilcsicd by ilc maya poicncy. Tlis is so bccausc ilc
loims in dicams aic manilcsicd only incomplcicly."
Tlis mcans ilai wlcn onc is awalc onc sccs ilc loims ol vaiious objccis, and
wlcn onc slccps onc iccalls ilc mcmoiics ol wlai lc las sccn. Tlc maya poicncy
ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad causcs onc io ilinl ilai ilosc mcmoiics
aic diicci pciccpiions. In ilis way, jusi as in ilc picvious cxamplc ol ilc miiagc,
onc misundcisiands wlai lc sccs.
Tcxi 19
iasmad vasiuias iu na lvacid api miilyaivam. iaial suddla aimani
paiamaimani va iadisa-iad-aiopa cva miilya. na iu visvam miilycii. iaio jagaial
paiamaima-jaiaivcna salsai-iad-aimaivablavad baliianga-salii-mayaivcna ca
vailuniladi-vai salsad iad-aimïyaivablavad abudlanam cva iaiia suddlc iai-iad-
buddlil. yadyapi suddlasiayam cva jagai. iailapi jagaia iai-samsaigo 'pi nasii.
iasmai-ilcicloic; vasiuial-in iiuil; iu-bui; na-noi; lvacii-anywlcic; api-cvcnb;
miilyaivam.-lalscncss; iaial-ilcn; suddla-puic; aimani-in ilc scll; paiamaimani-
in ilc Supcisoul; va-oi; iadisa-iad-aiopa-aiiilioally imposing ilc idcniioiy ol onc
iling on anoilci; cva-indccd; miilya.-illusion; na-noi; iu-bui; visvam-ilc
univcisc; miilya-an illusion; iii-ilus; iaial-liom ilis; jagaial-ol ilc univcisc;
paiamaima-jaiaivcna-bccausc ol bcing boin liom ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad; salsai-diiccily; iad-aimaiva-lis ncaiuic; ablavai-bccausc ol noi bcing
so; baliianga-cxicinal; salii-poicncy; mayaivcna-maya; ca-and; vailuniladi-vai-
lilc ilc plancis bcginning wiil Vailunilalola; salsai-diiccily; iad-aimïyaiva-own
naiuic; ablavai-bccausc ol noi bcing so; abudlanam-ol ilc loolisl; cva-indccd;
iaiia-ilcic; suddlc-puic; iai-iai-ilis and ilai; buddlil-ilc idca; yadyapi-alilougl;
suddla-puic; asiayam-slclici; cva-indccd; jagai.-univcisc; iailapi-siill; jagaia-ol
ilc univcisc; iai-ilai; samsaigal-cicaiion; api-also; na-noi; asii-is.
Tlcicloic ilc maiciial woild is noi an illusion. Tlc misialcn idca ilai ilc
univcisc is a loim ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad is an illusion, bui ilc
maiciial univcisc iiscll is noi an illusion. Tlc maiciial univcisc is cicaicd by ilc
Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad, bui ilai docs noi mcan ilai ilc maiciial
univcisc is idcniical wiil ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad. Tlc maiciial
univcisc is consiiucicd ol ilc Loid's cxicinal (baliianga) maiciial poicncy.
Tlcicloic ii is noi ai all lilc ilc spiiiiual woild ol Vailunila. Iools ilinl ii is lilc
ilc spiiiiual woild ol Vailunila.
Tcxi 20
iad uliam asaliam saiva-blic caiva iii gïiasu.
iai-ilai; uliam-said; asaliam saiva-blic caiva iii gïiasu-in llagavad-giia 13.15.
Tlai ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad is noi idcniical wiil ilc maiciial
woild is also conliimcd by ilcsc woids ol llagavad-gïia (13.15):
"Tlc Supcisoul is ilc oiiginal souicc ol all scnscs, yci Hc is wiiloui scnscs. Hc
is unaiiaclcd, alilougl Hc is ilc mainiainci ol all living bcings. Hc iiansccnds ilc
modcs ol naiuic, and ai ilc samc iimc Hc is ilc masici ol all modcs ol maiciial
naiuic."¯
Tcxi 21
iaila dcla-gcladav aimaimïyaia-jnanam icsam cva syad iiy ublayaiiaivaiopal
sasiic siuyaic. yaila yad ciad disyaic muiiam iiy adilam siï-visnu-puianc.
iaila-so; dcla-gcladav-bccginnign wiil body and lomc; aimaimïyaia-as
idcniical wiil ilc scll; jnanam-lnowlcdgc; icsam-ol ilcm; cva-indccd; syai-is; iii-
ilus; ublayaiia-in boil placcs; cva-indccd; aiopal-aiiilical imposiiion; sasiic-in
sciipiuic; siuyaic.-is lcaid; yaila-as; yai-wlai; ciai-ilis; disyaic-is sccn; muiiam-
loim; iii-ilus; adilam-bcginning; siï-visnu-puianc-in Siï Visnu Puiana.
Ioolisl maiciialisis ilinl ilcii body, lomc, and posscssions aic idcniical wiil
ilcii vciy scll. Tlis is anoilci lind ol misidcniilicaiion, mucl lilc ilc
misidcniilicaiion ol ilc maiciial univcisc loi ilc loim ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy
ol Godlcad. Tlai ilc maiciial univcisc is noi ilc loim ol ilc Supicmc Loid is also
conliimcd in ilcsc woids ol Visnu Puiana (1.+.39):
"O Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad lillcd wiil iiansccndcnial lnowlcdgc, lools
wlo aic noi advanccd in yoga misialcnly ilinl ilc cniiic maiciial univcisc is onc
ol Youi loims."
Tcxi 22
yaila va
aimaimanam paiam maiva
paiamaimanam cva ca
aima punai balii migya
alo 'jna-janaiajnaia. iii.
yaila-as; vai-indccd; aimaimanam-ilc soul lo souls; paiam-supicmc; maiva-
ilinling; paiamaimanam-ilc Supcisoul; cva-indccd; ca-and; aima-scll; punal-
again; balil-ouisidc; migya-io bc sougli; alal-Ol; ajna-janaia-ol lools; ajnaia-
lolly; iii.-ilus.
Tlai ilc Supcisoul is dillcicni liom ilc maiciial univcisc is linicd in Siïmad-
llagavaiam (10.1+.27), wlcic ilc dcmigod lialma addicsscs Loid Kisna:
"Il onc ilcicloic ilinls ilai ilc Supcisoul is somciling dillcicni liom Youi
pcisonaliiy, and ilus scaiclcs oui ilc Supcisoul somcwlcic clsc, in ilc loicsi oi
in ilc cavcs ol ilc Himalayas, lis condiiion is vciy lamcniablc. You aic picscni in
cvciyonc's lcaii, and ilcic is no nccd io scaicl oui ilc Supcisoul anywlcic clsc. Il
somconc docs so, lc is mcicly in ignoiancc."¯
Tcxi 23
ivam aimanam saivcsam mula-iupam paiam iiaiam iad-vipaiiiam maiva iaila
paiam iiaiam jïvam cva ca mula-iupaimanam paiam maiva sanllya-vida iva iasya
iaila manyamanasya punal sa jïvaima balii migyo blavaii. iasya icnaiva lciuna
labdla-cclidiaya mayaya dclaima-buddlil laiyaia iiy aiilal. alo ajna-janaiaya
ajnaia bliamaj jnana-bliamsa iiy aiilal.
ivam-You; aimanam-ilc soul; saivcsam-ol all; mula-iupam-ilc iooi loim;
paiam-supicmc; iiaiam-anoilci; iai-ilai; vipaiïiam-dillcicni; maiva-ilinling;
iaila-so; paiam-supicmc; iiaiam-anoilci; jïvam-soul; cva-indccd; ca-and; mula-
iupaimanam-ilc iooi loim; paiam-anoilci; maiva-ilinling; sanllya-vida-
lnowing sanllya; iva-lilc; iasya-ol lim; iaila-so; manyamanasya-ilinling lilc
ilai; punal-again; sa-lc; jïvaima-individual spiiii soul; balil-ouisidc; migyal-io
bc sougli; blavaii.-is; iasya-ol lim; icna-by ilai; cva-indccd; lciuna-icason;
labdla-aiiaincd; cclidiaya-lauli; mayaya-by ilc illuioy poicncy; dclaima-
buddlil-ilinling ilc maiciial body io bc ilc scll; laiyaia-is donc; iii-ilus;
aiilal.-ilc mcaning; alal-ilcn; ajna-janaiaya-ilc lolly ol lools; ajnaia-liom
ignioancc; bliamai-liom a misialcn idca; jnana-lnowlcdgc; bliamsa-dcsiiuciion;
iii-ilus; aiilal-ilc mcaning.
Hcic ilc woid "aimanam" mcans "Hc wlo is ilc iooi ol all", and "paiam"
mcans "dillcicni". Tlc vcisc ilcn says, "Onc wlo sccs ilai ilc individual spiiii
soul is dillcicni liom ilc soul wlo is ilc iooi ol all cicaiion, and wlo ilus
undcisiands ilc iiuil ol ilc sanllya plilosoply, bui wlo ilcn scaiclcs lio ilc
Supicmc Souls, cxicinally, in ilc maiciial univcisc, is bcwildcicd. Hc is
bcwildcicd in ilc samc way a maiciialisi, wlo ilinls lc is idcniical wiil lis
cxicinal maiciial body, is bcwildcicd by ilc illusoiy poicncy maya. Tlc pliasc
"alo 'jna-janaiajnaia" mcans. "Sucl a pcison is simply in ignoiancc".
Tcxi 2+
iad uliam lamsa-gulya-siavc
dclo 'savo 'lsa manavo bluia-maiia
naimanam anyam ca vidul paiam yai
saivam puman vcda gunams ca iaj-jno
na vcda saivajnam ananiam ïdc. iii.
iai-ilai; uliam-said; lamsa-gulya-siavc-in ilc Hamsa-gulya Piaycis; dclal-
ilis body; asaval-ilc lilc aiis; alsa-ilc dillcicni scnscs; manaval-ilc mind,
undcisaianding, inicllcci, and cgo; bluia-maiia-ilc livc gioss maiciial clcmcnis
and ilc scnsc objccis (loim, iasic, sound, and so on); aimanam-ilcmsclvcs;
anyam-any oilci; ca-and; vidul-lnow; paiam-bcyond; yai-ilai wlicl; saivam-
cvcicyiling; puman-ilc living bcing; vcda-lnows; gunan-ilc qualiiics ol ilc
maiciial naiuic; ca-and; iaj-jnal-lnowing ilosc ilings; na-noi; vcda-lnows;
saivajnam-unio ilc omniscicni; ananiam-ilc unlimiicd; ïdc.-I ollci my icspccilul
obcisanccs; iii.-ilus.
Tlai ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad is dillcicni liom ilc maiciial
univcisc is also linicd in ilcsc woids ol ilc Hamsa-gulya Piaycis (Siïmad-
llagavaiam 6.+.25):
"lccausc ilcy aic only maiici, ilc body, ilc lilc-aiis, ilc cxicinal and inicinal
scnscs, ilc livc gioss clcmcnis and ilc subilc scnsc objccis (loim, iasic, smcll,
sound, and ioucl), cannoi lnow ilcii own naiuic, ilc naiuic ol ilc oilci scnscs,
oi ilc naiuic ol ilcii coniiollcis. lui ilc living bcing, bccausc ol lis spiiiiual
naiuic, can lnow lis body, ilc lilc aiis, ilc scnscs, ilc clcmcnis, and ilc scnsc
objccis, and lc can also lnow ilc ilicc qualiiics ilai loim ilcii ioois.
Ncvciilclcss, alilougl ilc living bcing is complcicly awaic ol ilcm, lc is unablc
io scc ilc Supicmc lcing, wlo is omniscicni and unlimiicd. I ilcicloic ollci my
icspccilul obcisanccs unio Him."¯
Tcxi 25
iaila ca siï-blagavad-uddlava-samvadc
aima paiijnanamayo vivado
ly asiïii nasiïii blidaima-nisilal
vyaiilo 'pi naivopaiamcia pumsam
maiial paiaviiia-dliyam sva-lolai. iii.
iaila-so; ca-also; siï-blagavad-uddlava-samvadc-in ilc convcisaiion ol ilc
Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad and Uddlava; aima-soul; apaiijnanamayal-
wiiloui lnowlcdgc; vivadal-dispuic; li-indccd; asii-is; iii-ilus; na-noi; asii-is; iii-
ilus; blida-dillcicncc; aima-nisilal-laiil; vyaiilal-usclcss; api-also; na-noi; cva-
indccd; upaiamcia-siops; pumsam-ol ilc pcoplc; maiial-liom Mc; paiaviiia-
dliyam-wlo lavc iuincd ilcii aiicniion; sva-lolai.-noi dillcicni liom ilcm; iii-
ilus.
Tlai ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad is dillcicni liom ilc maiciial
univcisc is also linicd in ilcsc woids spolcn io Uddlava by ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad (Siïmad-llagavaiam 11.22.3+):
"Tlc spcculaiivc aigumcni ol plilosoplcis: Tlis woild is ical,' No, Ii is noi
ical' is bascd upon incomplcic lnowlcdgc ol ilc Supicmc Soul and is simply
aimcd ai undcisianding maiciial dualiiics. Alilougl sucl aigumcni is usclcss,
pcisons wlo lavc iuincd ilcii aiicniion away liom Mc, ilc Supcisoul icsiding in
ilcii lcaiis, aic unablc io givc ii up."¯¯¯
Tcxi 26
lim ca vivaiiasya jnanadi-pialaiana-pailiiaivcna gaunaivai. paiinamasya iu
sva-pialaiana-pailiiaivcna mullyaivai. jnanad-ublaya-pialaiana-pailiiaivcna
sandamsa-nyaya-siddla-piavalyac ca paiinama cva siï-blagavaia-iaipaiyam iii
gamyaic.
lim ca-luiilcimoic; vivaiiasya-ol iiansloimaiion; jnanadi-bcginning wiil
lnowlcdgc; pialaiana-cxplanaiion; pailiiaivcna-by wlai is icad; gaunaivai-
bccausc ol ilc sccondaiy mcaning; paiinamasya-ol iiansloimaiion; iu-bui; sva-
pialaiana-pailiiaivcna-by wlai is icad in ilai poiiion; mullyaivai.-bccausc ol ilc
piimaiy mcaning; jnanadi-bcginnignc iil lnowlcdgc; ublaya-boil; pialaiana-
scconiions; pailiiaivcna-by icading; sandamsa-pionunciaiiion; nyaya-Vcdania-
suiia; siddla-piovcd; piavalyai-by ilc powci; ca-and; paiinama-iiansloimaiion;
cva-indccd; siï-blagavaia-iaipaiyam-ilc mcaning ol Siïmad-llagavaiam; iii-ilus;
gamyaic-is obiaincd.
Tlc sccondaiy, indiicci inicipiciaiion lcic is ilai ilc Supicmc Himscll
bccomcs iiansloimcd io bccomc ilc maiciial woild. Howcvci, ilc piimaiy, diicci
inicipiciaiion is ilai ilc Loid's poicncics aic iiansloimcd io bccomc ilc maiciial
woild. Tlai ilc laiici ol ilcsc vicws is ilc aciual iiuil, and ii is ilc Loid's
poicncics, and noi ilc Loid Himscll, ilai bccomc iiansloimcd io bccomc ilc
maiciial woild, is conliimcd by ilc siaicmcnis ol Vcdania-suiia and Siïmad-
llagavaiam.
Tcxi 27
iac ca blagavad-aciniyaisvaiya-jnanaiilam miilyaivablidlanam iu
nasvaiaivablidlana-vai visvasya paiamaima-baliimullaivapadalaivad dlcyaia-
jnana-maiiaiilam. na iu vasiv cva ian na blavaiïii jïvcsa-svaiupailya-jnana-
maiiaiilam.
iai-ilai; ca-and; blagavai-ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; aciniya-
inconccivablc; aisvaiya-opulcncc; jnana-lnowlcdgc; aiilam-puiposc; miilyaiva-
lalisiy; ablidlanam-woid; iu-bui; nasvaiaiva-iicmpoiaiy naiuic; ablidlana-
cxplanaiion; vai-lilc; visvasya-ol ilc maiciial univcisc; paiamaima-ol ilc
Supcisoul; baliimullaiva-cxicinal naiuic; apadalaivai-bccausc ol bcing ilc
icmovci; lcyaia-ol wlai is noi good; jnana-lnowlcdgc; maiia-onli; aiilam-
puiposc; na-noi; iu-bui; vasiv-iling; cva-indccd; ian-ilcm; na-noi; blavaii-is; iii-
ilus; jïva-oldnilc individual spiiioi soul; ïsa-ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad; svaiupa-own naiuic; ailya-oncncss; jnana-maiiaiilam-only lnowlcdgc.
lccausc ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad las inconccivablc opulcnccs, and
ilc maiciial univcisc is icmpoiaiy and lillcd wiil illusions, ii is noi possiblc ilai
ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad and ilc maiciial univcisc aic idcniical. Ioi
similai icasons ii also cannoi bc possiblc ilai ilc individual spiiii soul and ilc
Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad aic idcniical ciilci.
Tcxi 2S
vaidlaimyac ca na svapnadi-vai iii nyaycna.
vaidlaimyai-bccausc ol dillcicni naiuics; ca-and; na-noi; svapna-a dicam; adi-
bcginning wiil; vai-lilc; iii-ilus; nyaycna-by ilc Vcdania-suiia.
Tlis is conliimcd by ilc lollowing woids ol Vcdania-suiia (2.2.29):
"Tlc individual spiiii soul and ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad cannoi bc
idcniical, loi ilcy lavc dillcicni naiuics. To ilinl ilcy aic idcniical is io livc in a
woild ilai is lilc a dicam."
Tcxi 29
iaila ca naiadïyc
jagad vilapayam asui
iiy ucyciaila iai-smiicl
na ca iai-smiii-maiicna
layo blavaii nisciiam. iii.
iaila-so; ca-and; naiadïyc-in ilcNaiada Puiana; jagai-ilc maiciial univcisc;
vilapayam asul-dcclasic; iii-ilus; ucycia-is said; aila-ilcn; iai-smiicl-by ilc
mcmoiy ol ilai; na-noi; ca-and; iai-smiii-maiicna-simply by ilc mcmoiy; layal-
dcsiiuciion; blavaii-is; nisciiam.-cciiainly; iii.-ilus.
In ilc Naiada Puiana ii is said:
"Tlcy wlo mcdiiaic on ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad biing dcsiiuciion
io ilcii coniinucd icsidcncc in ilc maiciial woild. Tlcy wlo mcdiiaic on ilc
maiciial woild biing dcsiiuciion io ilcmsclvcs."
Tcxi 30
iaiia mullya cva piadlana-paiinamam ala
iaiia-ilcic; mullya-ilc piimaiy mcaning; cva-indccd; piadlana-paiinamam-
iiansloimaiion ol piadlana; ala-said.
Tlai in ilc bcginning ol cicaiion is ilc piadlana (and noi ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad) bccomcs iiansloimcd inio ilc maiciial woild is
conliimcd by ilc lollowing woids ol Siïmad-llagavaiam (3.5.26-27):
Tcxi 31
lala-viiiya iu mayayam
guna-mayyam adlolsajal
puiuscnaima-bluicna
vïiyam adlaiia vïiyavan
lala-cicinal iimc; viiiya-by ilc inllucncc ol; iu-bui; mayayam-ini lc cxicinal
cncigy; guna-mayyam-in ilc qualiiaiivc modc sol naiuic; adlolsajal-ilc
Tainsccndcncc; puiuscnaima-by ilc puiusa incainaiion; bluicna-wlo is ilc
plcnaiy cxpansion ol ilc Loid; vïiyam-ilc sccds ol ilc living cniiiics; adlaiia-
impicgnaicd; vïiyavan-ilc Supicmc Living lcing.
"Tlc Supicmc Living lcing in His lcaiuic as ilc iiansccndcnial puiusa
incainaiion, wlo is ilc Loid's plcnaiy cxpansion, impicgnaics ilc maiciial naiuic
ol ilc ilicc modcs, and ilus by ilc inllucncc ol cicinal iimc ilc living cniiiics
appcai.¯
Tcxi 32
iaio 'blavan malai-iaiivam
avyaliai lala-codiiai
vijnanaimaima-dcla-silam
visvam vyanjams iamo-nudal. iiy adi.
iaial-ilcicalici; 'blavan-camc inio cxisicncc; malai-supicmc; iaiivam-sum
ioial; avyaliai-liom ilc unmanilcsicd; lala-codiiai-by ilc iniciaciion ol iimc;
vijnanaimaima-unalloycd goodncss; dcla-silam-siiuaicd on ilc bodily scll;
visvam-complcic univciscs; vyanjan-manilcsiing; iamo-nudal.-ilc supicmc ligli;
iii-ilus; adi-bcginning.
"Tlcicalici, inllucnccd by ilc iniciaciions ol cicinal iimc, ilc supicmc sum
ioial ol maiici callcd ilc malai-iaiiva bccamc manilcsicd, and in ilis malai-iaiiva
ilc unalloycd goodncss, ilc Supicmc Loid, sowcd ilc sccds ol univcisal
manilcsiaiion oui ol His own body."¯
Tcxi 33
blagavan cla ascdam iii pialianananiaia-gianilad adlolsajo blagavan
puiuscna pialiii-diasiiaima-bluicna svamscna dvaia-bluicna lalo viiiii yasyas
iaya mayaya nimiiia-bluiaya guna-mayyam mayayam avyalic vïiyam jïvallyam
adlaiia. lanicmas iisio dcvaial iiy adi siuicl. vijnanaimaiva malai-iaiivam. iamo-
nudal pialaya-gaiajnana-dlvamsa-laiia. siï-maiiicyal.
blagavan cla ascdam iii-Siïmad-llagavaiam 3.5.23; pialianananiaia-gianilai-
in ilc samc bool; adlolsajal-ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; blagavan-ilc
Loid; puiuscna-ilc puiusa incainaiion; pialiii-diasiia-by ilc scci ol maiciial
naiuic; aima-bluicna-manilcsicd by ilc scll; svamscna-by a paii; dvaia-bluicna-
manilcsicd; lalal-iimc; viiiil-aciion; yasyal-ol wlicl; iaya-by ilai; mayaya-maya;
nimiiia-bluiaya-manilcsicd as ilc causc; guna-ol ilc modcs ol maiciial naiuic;
mayyam-consisiing; mayayam-maya; avyalic-unmanilcsicd; vïiyam-powci;
jïvallyam-callcd jiva; adlaiia.-gavc; lania-indccd; imal-ilcsc; iisial-ilicc;
dcvaial-dcmigods; iii-ilus; adi-bcginning; siuicl-liom ilc Siuii-sasiia;
vijnanaima-vijnanaima; cva-indccd; malai-iaiivam.-malai-iaiiva; iamo-nudal-
iamo-nudal; pialaya-cosmic dcvasiaiion; gaia-aiiaincd; jnana-lnowlcdgc;
dlvamsa-dcsiiuciion; laiia-ilc doci; siï-maiiicyal-Siï Maiiicya.
In ilc samc clapici (Siïmad-llagavaiam 3.5.23) ii is also said:
"Tlc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad, ilc masici ol all living cniiiics, cxisicd
piioi io ilc cicaiion as onc wiiloui a sccond. Ii is by His will only ilai cicaiion is
madc possiblc and again cvciyiling mcigcs in Him. Tlis Supicmc Scll is
sympiomizcd by dillcicni namcs."¯
Hcic ilc woid "adlolsajal" mcans "ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad",
"puiuscna" mcans by ilc scci ol maiciial cncigy", "bluicna" mcans by His
plcnaiy cxpansion", "lala-viiiya" mcans by maya, wlicl acis iliougl iimc",
"guna-mayyam mayayam vïiyam adlaiia" mcans "Hc placcs ilc individual spiiii
souls in ilc maya cncigy, wlicl consisis ol ilc ilicc modcs ol naiuic."
Tlis is also dcsciibcd in ilc passagc ol ilc Siuii-sasiia ilai bcgins wiil ilc
woids "lanicmas iisia dcvaial".
Tlc woid "vijnanaima" mcans "ilc malai-iaiiva", and "iamo-nudal" mcans
"Hc wlo dcsiioys lnowlcdgc ai ilc iimc ol cosmic annililaiion". Tlc vcisc quoicd
in ilc bcginning ol ilis anucclcda was spolcn by Siï Maiiicya.
Anuccheda 59
Tcxi 1
jnanady-angaivc 'py ala
jnanadi-bcginnign wiil lnowlcdgc; angaivc-as ilc paiis; api-also; ala-said.
Tlai lnowlcdgc and ilc oilci paiis ol ilis woild aic manilcsicd liom ilc
Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad is conliimcd in ilc lollowing woids ol b
(11.9.16-21):
Tcxi 2
clo naiayano dcval
puiva-sisiam sva-mayaya
samliiya lala-lalaya
lalpania idam ïsvaial
cla cvadviiïyo 'blud
aimadlaio 'llilasiayal
clal-onc; naiayanal-Naiayana; dcval-ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad;
puiva-sisiam-bcloic cicaiion; sva-mayaya-by His own maya poicncy; samliiya-
wiildiawing; lala-iimc; lalaya-by a poiiion; lalpania-ai ilc cnd ol ilc lalpa;
idam-ilis; ïsvaial-ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; cla-onc; cva-indccd;
adviiïyal-wiiloui a sccond; ablui-was; aimadlaial-ilc icsiing placc ol ilc scll;
allilasiayal-ilc slclici ol all;.
"Tlc Loid ol ilc univcisc, Naiayana, is ilc woislipablc God ol all living
cniiiics. Wiiloui cxiiancous assisiancc, ilc Loid cicaics ilis univcisc by His own
poicncy, and ai ilc iimc ol annililaiion ilc Loid dcsiioys ilc univcisc iliougl
His pcisonal cxpansion ol iimc and wiildiaws all ol ilc cosmos, including all ilc
condiiioncd living cniiiics, wiilin Himscll. Tlus ilc unlimiicd Scll is ilc slclici
and icscivoii ol all poicncics. Tlc subilc piadlana, ilc basis ol all cosmic
manilcsiaiion, is conscivcd wiilin ilc Loid and is in ilis way noi dillcicni liom
Him. In ilc alicimail ol annililaiion ilc Loid siands alonc.¯¯¯
Tcxis 3 and +
lalcnaimanublavcna
samyam nïiasu saliisu
saiivadisv adi-puiusal
piadlana-puiuscsvaial
paiavaianam paiama
asic laivalya-samjniial
lcvalanublavananda-
sandolo niiupadlilal
lalcna-by iimc; aimanublavcna-by pciccpiion ol ilc scll; samyam-cqualiiy;
nïiasu-aiiaincd; saliisu-poicncics; saiivadisv-bcginnign wiil goodncss; adi-
puiusal-ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; piadlana-puiuscsvaial-ilc masici
ol piadlana; paiavaianam-ol ilc gicai and ilc low; paiama-supicmc; asic-is;
laivalya-samjniial-callcd laivalya; lcvala-iiansccndcnial; anublava-pciccpiion;
ananda-bliss; sandolal-abundancc; niiupadlilal-wiiloui maiciial dcsignaiions.
"Wlcn ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad displays His own poicncy in ilc
loim ol iimc and guidcs His maiciial poicncics, sucl as ilc modc ol goodncss, inio
a ncuiial condiiion ol cquilibiium, Hc icmains as ilc supicmc coniiollci ol ilai
ncuiial siaic, callcd piadlana, as wcll as ol ilc living cniiiics. Hc is also ilc
supicmc woislipablc objcci loi all bcings, including libciaicd souls, dcmigods,
and oidinaiy condiiioncd souls. Tlc Loid is cicinally licc liom any maiciial
dcsignaiion, and Hc consiiiuics ilc ioialiiy ol spiiiiual bliss, wlicl onc
cxpciicnccs by sccing ilc Loid's spiiiiual loim. Tlc Loid ilus cxlibiis ilc lullcsi
mcaning ol ilc woid libciaiion'.¯¯¯
Tcxi 5
lcvalaimanublavcna
sva-mayam iiigunaimilam
sanlsoblyan sijaiy adau
iaya suiiam aiindama
lcvalaimanublavcna-by sccing ilc spiiiiual scll; sva-mayam-own maya;
iiigunaimilam-consisiing ol ilc ilicc modcs ol maiciial naiuic; sanlsoblyan-
agiiaiing; sijaii-cicaics; adau-in ilc bcginning; iaya-by ilai; suiiam-malai-iaiiva;
aiindama-O subduci ol cncmics.
"O subduci ol ilc cncmics, ai ilc iimc ol cicaiion ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad cxpands His own iiansccndcnial poicncy in ilc loim ol iimc, and
agiiaiing His maiciial cncigy, maya, composcd ol ilc ilicc modcs ol maiciial
naiuic, Hc cicaics ilc malai-iaiiva.¯¯¯
Tcxi 6
iam alus iii-guna-vyaliim
sijaniïm visvaio-mullam
yasmin pioiam idam visvam
ycna samsaiaic puman
iam-ilai; alul-say; iii-guna-vyaliim-manilcsiaiion ol ilc ilicc modcs;
sijaniïm-ciwcaiing; visvaio-mullam-cvciywlccic; yasmin-in wlcil; pioiam-
spicad; idam-ilis; visvam-univcisc; ycna-by wlicl; samsaiaic-is placcd in maiciial
cxisicncc; puman-ilc living cniiiy.
"Accoiding io gicai sagcs, ilai wlicl is ilc basis ol ilc ilicc modcs ol maiciial
naiuic and wlicl manilcsis ilc vaiicgaicd univcisc is callcd ilc suiia oi malai-
iaiiva. Indccd, ilis univcisc is icsiing wiilin ilai malai-iaiiva, and duc io iis
poicncy ilc living cniiiy undcigocs maiciial cxisicncc.¯¯¯
Tcxi 7
yailoina-nablii lidayad
uinam saniaiya valiiaial
iaya viliiya bluyas iam
giasaiy cvam malcsvaial
yaila-as; uina-nablil-a spidc; lidayai-liom ilc lcaii; uinam-wcb; saniaiya-
spicading; valiiaial-liom ilc mouil; iaya-by ilai; viliiya-icmoving; bluyal-
again; iam-ilai; giasaii-swallows; cvam-ilus; malcsvaial-ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy
ol Godlcad.
"Jusi as liom wiilin limscll ilc spidci cxpands ilicad iliougl lis mouil,
plays wiil ii loi somc iimc, and cvcniually swallows ii, similaily, ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad cxpands His pcisonal poicncy liom wiilin Himscll. Tlus
ilc Loid displays ilc nciwoil ol cosmic manilcsiaiion, uiilizcs ii accoiding io His
puiposc, and cvcniually wiildiaws ii complcicly wiilin Himscll."¯¯¯
Tcxi S
lalal lala yasyas iaya svadlinaya mayaya.
lalal-iimc; lala-paii; yasyal-ol wlicl; iaya-by ilai; svadlinaya-suboidinaic;
mayaya-by maya..
In ilis way ilc maya poicncy, ol wlicl iimc is a paii, is undci ilc coniiol ol
ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad.
Tcxi 9
siuiis ca
yailoina-nablil sijaic gilnaic ca
yaila piilivyam osadlayal samblavanii
iaila saial puiusai lcsa-lomani
iailalsaiai samblavaiïla visvam. iii.
siuiil-Siuii-sasiia; ca-and; yaila-as; uinanablil-a spidci; sijaic-cicaics;
gilnaic-and wiildiaws; ca-and; yaila-so; piilvyam-in ilc caiil; osadlayal-
planis; samblavanii-aic; yaila-as; saial-liom ilc cicinal; puiusai-Supicmc Pcison;
lcsa-lomani-laii; iaila-so; alsaiai-immoiial; samblavanii-is manilcsicd; ila-lcic;
visvam-ilc univcisc.
Tlc samc cxamplc ol a spidci is givcn in ilcsc woids ol Mundala Upanisad
(1.1.17):
"As a spidci cicaics and ilcn wiildiaws a wcb, as planis spioui liom ilc
giound, and as laiis giow, so ilc maiciial univcisc las comc liom ilc cicinal
Supicmc Pcison."
Tcxi 10
siï-daiiaiicyo yadum.
siï-daiiaiicyal-Siï Daiiaiicya; yadum-io King Yadu.
Tlc vcisc quoicd in ilc bcginning ol ilis anucclcda was spolcn by Siï
Daiiaiicya io King Yadu.
Anuccheda 60
Tcxi 1
iad cvam sulsma-cid-acid-vasiu-iupa-suddla-jïvavyalia-salicl paiamaimanal
silula-ccianaccnaia-vasiu-iupany adlyaimila-jïvadi-piilivy-aniani jayania iiy
uliam. iaial lcvalasya paiamaimano nimiiiaivam salii-visisiasyopadanaivam iiy
ublaya-iupaiam cva manyanic pialiiis ca piaiijna disianianuiodlai iiy adau.
iai-ilai; cvam-ilus; sulsma-subilc; cii-spiiii; acii-maiici; vasiu-iling; iupa-
loim; suddla-puic; jïva-soul; avyalia-unmanilcsicd; salicl-ol ili poicncy;
paiamaimanal-ol ilcSupicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; silula-gioss; cciana-
conscious; accnaia-unconscious; vasiu-iling; iupani-loims; adlyaimila-iclaiing io
ilc scll; jïva-individual spiiii souls; adi-bcginning wiil; piilivi-caiil; aniani-
cnding; jayania-aic boin; iii-ilus; uliam-said; iaial-ilcn; lcvalasya-ol ilc
iiansccndcnial; paiamaimanal-Supcisoul; nimiiiaivam-ilc siaic ol bcing ilc
causc; salii-visisiasya-ol a spccilic poicncy; upadanaivam-ilc siaic ol bcing ilc
ingicdicni; iii-ilus; ublaya-iupaiam-boil loims; cva-indccd; manyanic-aic
considcicd; pialiiil-maiciial naiuic; ca-also; piaiijna-siaicmcni; disiania-
cxamplc; anuiodlai-in conloimiiy wiil; iii-ilus; adau-bcginning.
In ilis way ii is said ilai ilc gioss, conscious, and inanimaic ingicdicnis ol ilc
univciscs, bcginning wiil ilc individual spiiii souls and cxicnding io ilc gioss
clcmcnis bcginning wiil caiil, aic manilcsicd liom ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad, wlo is ilc masici ol ilc unmanilcsicd poicncy, ilc individual spiiii
souls, and all clsc madc ol spiiii oi maiici. In ilis way ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad is oiiginal causc ol ilc maiciial univcisc and onc ol His poicncics is ilc
ingicdicni ol wlicl ilc maiciial univcisc is consiiucicd. In ilis way ilc naiuic ol
ilc Loid and His poicncy is undcisiood. Tlis is dcsciibcd in ilc lollowing woids
ol Vcdania-suiia (1.+.2+):
"Tlc maiciial naiuic is manilcsicd liom ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad,
loi ilis idca is noi coniiadicicd by ilc siaicmcnis and cxamplcs ol ilc sciipiuics."
Tcxi 2
iad cvam iasya sada suddlaivam cva. iaiia salial saliimad-avyaiiiclad
ananyaivam uliam. iaila sailaiya-vadangi-laic svanial-siliia-sva-dlaima-
viscsablivyalii-labdla-vilascna laianasyaivamscna laiyaivam iiy cvam
vacaiamblanam vilaio namadlcyam miiiilciy cva saiyam iiy adi siuii-siddlam
laiyasya laianad ananyaivam. laianasya iu laiyad anyaivam iiy ayaii. iad cvam
jagai-laiana-salii-visisiai paiamaimano 'nanyad cvcdam jagaias iv asav anya cvciy
ala
iai-ilai; cvam-ilus; iasya-ol Him; sada-always; suddlaivam-ilc siaic ol bcing
puic; cva-indccd; iaiia-ilcic; salial-ol ilc poicncy; saliimai-ol ilc posscssoi ol
ilc poicncy; avyaiiiclai-bccausc ol noi bcing dillcicni; ananyaivam-ilc siaic ol
noi bcing dillcicni; uliam-is said; iaila-so; sailaiya-woislip; vada-said; angi-laic-
acccpiancc; svanial-in ilc lcaii; siliia-siiuaicd; sva-dlaima-own naiuic; viscsa-
spccilic; ablivyalii-manilcsiaiion; labdla-aiiaincd; vilascna-by ilc manilcsiaiion;
laianasya-ol ilc causc; cva-indccd; amscna-by a paii; laiyaivam-io bc donc; iii-
ilus; cvam-ilus; vaca-wiil woids; aiamblanam-bcginning; vilaial-
iiansloimaiion; namadlcyam-namcd; miiiilcii-bcginning wiil caiil; cva-indccd;
saiyam-iiuc; iii-ilus; adi-bcginning; siuii-siddlam-piovcd ion ilc Siuii-sasiia;
laiyasya-ol ilc cllcci; laianai-liom ilc causc; ananyaivam-ilc siaic ol noi
bcingdillcicni; laianasya-ol ilc causc; iu-bui; laiyai-liom ilc cllcci; anyaivam-ilc
siaic ol bcing dillcicni; iii-ilus; ayaii-aiiains; iai-ilai; cvam-ilus; jagai-ol ilc
univcisc; laiana-ol ilc causc; salii-liom ilc poicncy; visisiai-spccilic;
paiamaimanal-liom ilc Supcisoul; ananyai-noi dillcicni; cva-indccd; idam-ilis;
jagaial-ol ilc maiciial univcisc; iv-bui; asau-ilis; anya-dillcicni; cva-indccd; iii-
ilus; ala-says.
In ilis way ii is said ilai ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad is cicinally puic.
Ii is also said ilai bccausc ilc masici ol poicncics is noi dillcicni liom lis
poicncics, ilcicloic ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad is noi dillcicni liom His
poicncics. lccausc ilc causc is also picscni wiilin iis cllcci, ii is said ilai ilc
causc is paiiially manilcsicd as iis cllcci. Tlis is dcsciibcd in ilc lollowing woids
ol Clandogya Upanisad (6.1.+):
"A small objcci madc ol clay is noi ically dillcicni liom iis oiigin, ilc ioialiiy ol
clay. Any disiinciion bciwccn ilc paii and ilc wlolc is a disiinciion ilai cxisis
only in woids."
In ilis way ilc Siuii-sasiia dcclaics ilai ilc causc is noi dillcicni liom ilc
cllcci, and ilc cllcci is noi dillcicni liom ilc causc. Tlcicloic, bccausc a spccilic
ilc poicncy ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad is ilc causc ol ilc maiciial
univcisc, and bccausc ilc Loid is noi dillcicni liom His poicncy and ilc causc is
noi dillcicni liom iis cllcci, ilcicloic ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad is, in
onc scnsc, noi dillcicni liom ilc maiciial woild. Tlis is dcclaicd by ilc lollowing
woids ol Siïmad-llagavaiam (1.5.20):
Tcxi 3
idam li visvam blagavan ivciaio
yaio jagai-silana-niiodla-samblaval
iad dli svayam vcda blavams iailapi ic
piadcsa-maiiam blavaial piadaisiiam
idam-ilis; li-all; visvam-cosmos; blagavan-ilc Supicmc Loid; iva-almosi ilc
samc; iiaial-dillcicni liom; yaial-liom wlom; jagai-ilc woilds; silana-cxisi;
niiodla-annililaiion; samblaval-cicaiion; iad li-all aboui; svayam-pcisonally;
vcda-lnow; blavaml-youi good scll; iailapi-siill; ic-unio you; piadcsa-maiiam-a
synopsis only; blavaial-unio you; piadaisiiam-cxplaincd.
"Tlc Supicmc Loid Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad is Himscll ilis cosmos, and siill Hc
is alool liom ii. Iiom Him only las ilis cosmic manilcsiaiion cmanaicd, in Him ii
icsis, and unio Him ii cnicis alici annililaiion. Youi good scll lnows all aboui
ilis. I lavc givcn only a synopsis."¯
Tcxi +
idam visvam blagavan iva blagavio 'nanyad iiy aiilal. iasmad iiaias iaiasila-
saliy-allyo jïvas ca ivcii puivavai. aia cva aiiad-aimyam idam saivam iii. saivam
llalv idam bialma iii siuii. yaio blagavaial. blavaio blavaniam. piaii piadcsa-
maiiam lincin maiiam daisiiam iiy aiilal. siï-naiadal siï-vcdvyasam.
idam-ilis; visvam-uniovcisc; blagavan-ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad;
iva-lilc; blagavaial-liom ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; ananyai-noi
dillcicni; iii-ilus; aiilal-ilc mcaning; iasmai-liom Him; iiaial-dillcicni; iaiasila-
saliy-allyal-callcd ilc maiginal poicncy; jïval-ilc individual spiiii soul; ca-and;
iva-lilc; iii-ilusd; puivavai-as bcloic; aia cva-ilcicloic; aiiad-aimyam-ilc naiuic
ol Him; idam-ilis; saivam-all; iii-ilus; saivam-all; llalv-indccd; idam-ilis;
bialma-ilc Supicmc; iii-ilus; siuii-ilc Siuii-sasiia; yaial-liom wlom;
blagavaial-liom ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; blavaial-bcing so;
blavaniam-you; piaii-io; piadcsa-maiiam-only a synopsis; lincii-somciling;
maiiam-only; daisiiam-icvcalcd; iii-ilus; aiilal-ilc mcaning; siï-naiadal-Siï
Naiada; siï-vcdvyasam-io Siï Vcdavyasa.
Hcic ilc woids "idam li visvam blagavan" mcan, ilc maiciial woild is noi
dillcicni liom ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad". Tlc woid "iiaial" lcic
mcans "ilc individual spiiii soul, wlicl is lnown as ilc maiginal poicncy
manilcsicd liom ilc Loid", and "via" mcans "as bcloic". Tlai ilc maiciial woild
is, in onc scnsc, noi dillcicni liom ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad is alliimcd
by ilc lollowing woids ol ilc Clandogya Upanisad (6.S.7 and 3.1+.1):
"Lvciyiling is ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad."
"Lvciyiling, boil maiici and spiiii, is non-dillcicni liom ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad wlo is ilc Supicmc lialman."¯
Hcic ilc woid "yaial" mcans "liom ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad",
"blavaial" mcans io you", and "piadcsa-maiiam" mcans "only a synopsis las
bccn icvcalcd". Tlis vcisc was spolcn by Siï Naiada io Siï Vcdavyasa.
Anuccheda 61
Tcxi 1
spasiam cvala
so 'yam ic 'bliliias iaia
blagavan visva-blavanal
samascna laici nanyad
anyasmai sad asac ca yai
spasiam-clcaily; cva-indccd; ala-says; sal-ilai; 'yam-ilc samc; ic-unio you;
'bliliial-cxplaincd by mc; iaia-my dcai son; blagavan-ilc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad; visva-blavanal-ilc cicaioi ol ilc manilcsicd woilds; samascna-in biicl;
laicl-wiiloui Haii, ilc Loid; na-ncvci; anyai-anyilign clsc; anyasmai-bcing ilc
causc ol; sai-manilcsicd, oi plcnomcnal; asac-noumcnal; ca-and; yai-wlaicvci
ilcic may bc.
Tlai ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad is ilc oiiginal causc ol ilc maiciial
woild is also clcaily dcsciibcd in ilcsc woids ol Siïmad-llagavaiam (2.7.50):
"My dcai son, I lavc now cxplaincd in biicl ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad, wlo is cicaioi ol ilc manilcsicd woilds. Wiiloui Him, Haii, ilc Loid,
ilcic aic no oilci causcs ol ilc plcnomcnal and noumcnal cxisicnccs."¯
Tcxi 2
so 'yam samascnaiva sanlscpcnabliliial. lailam iaiasila-lalsancnaivciy ala
sai laiyam silulam asuddla-jïva-jagad-allyam ccianacciana-vasiu. asai laianam
sulsmam suddla-jïva-piadlanallyam cid acid vasiu ca yai iai saivam laici anyan
na blavaii. sulsmasya iac-clalii-iupaivai. silulasya iai-laiya-iupaivad iii blaval.
so 'yam samascna-so 'yam samascna; cva-indccd; sanlscpcna-in biicl;
abliliial-cxplaincd; lailam-low'; iaiasila-maiginal poicncy; lalsancna-by ilc
naiuic; cva-indccd; iii-ilus; ala-said; sai-sai; laiyam-cllcci; silulam-gioss;
asuddla-jïva-jagad-allyam-callcd ilc woild ol ilc impuic souls; ccianacciana-
vasiu-conscious and unconscious; asai-asai; laianam-causc; sulsmam-subilc;
suddla-jïva-ol ilc ouic souls; piadlana-ilc causc; allyam-callcd; cii-spiii; acii-
maiici; vasiu-iling; ca-and; yai-wlai; iai-ilai; saivam-all; laicl-ol Loid Haii;
anyan-anoilci; na-noi; blavaii-is; sulsmasya-subilc; iac-clalii-iupaivai-bccausc
ol laving ilc naiuic ol His poicncy; silulasya-gioss; iai-laiya-iupaivai-bccausc ol
bcing ilc cllcci; iii-ilus; blaval-ilc mcaning.
Hcic ilc woids "so 'yam samascna abliliial" mcan "I lavc now cxplaincd in
biicl". Somconc may asl: Wlai is ilc naiuic ol ilc Loid's maiginal poicncy'" ilc
answci is givcn lcic in ilc woids "sai" and asai". Hcic "sai" mcans "ilc cllcci,
ilc gioss maiciial woild ilai is lomc io ilc impuic spiiii souls, ilc icalm ilai
consisis ol boil conscious bcings and inanimaic maiici". Hcic ilc woid "asai"
mcans "ilc subilc causc, ilc cicaioi ol ilc puic spiiii souls". "Yai" mcans "all
maiici and spiiii", and "laici nanyai" mcans "ilcic is no causc oilci ilan Loid
Haii". Tlis is bccausc ilc subilc spiiii soul's aic ilc Loid's poicncics and gioss
inanimaic maiici is an cllcci causcd by ilc Loid.
Tcxi 3
idam cva siï-lamsadcvcnoliam alam cva na maiio 'nyad iii budlyadlvam
anjasa iii. jagaias iad-ananyaivc 'pi suddlasya iasya iad-dosa-sanlaiyam nasiïiy
ala anyasmad iii. siï-bialma siï-naiadam.
idam-ilis; cva-indccd; siï-lamsadcvcna-by Loid lamsadcva; uliam-said; alam
cva na maiio 'nyad iii budlyadlvam anjasa iii-Siïmad-llagavaiam 11.13.2+;
jagaial-ol ilc univcisc; iad-ananyaivc-in ilc siaic ol noi bcing dillcicni; api-cvcn;
suddlasya-puic; iasya-ol ilai; iad-dosa-sanlaiyam-ilai dclcci; na-noi; asii-is; iii-
ilus; ala-said; anyasmai-liom anoilci; iii-ilus; siï-bialma-Siï lialma; siï-
naiadam-io Siï Naiada.
Loid Hamsadcva also alliims ilis iiuil in ilcsc woids (Siïmad-llagavaiam
11.13.2+):
"Wiilin ilis woild, wlaicvci is pciccivcd by ilc mind, spcccl, cycs, oi oilci
scnscs, is Mc alonc and noiling bcsidcs Mc. All ol you plcasc undcisiand ilis by a
siiaigliloiwaid analysis ol ilc lacis."¯¯¯
Tlcicloic ilc woid "anyasmai" lcic mcans cvcn ilougl ilc maiciial woild is
noi dillcicni liom Him, ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad is always puic and
unconiaminaicd".
Anuccheda 62
Tcxi 1
iaiiananyaivc yuliim vivinoii pancablil
adav anic jananam sad
balii anial paiavaiam
jnanam jncyam vaco vacyam
iamo jyoiis iv ayam svayam
iaiia-ilcic; ananyaivc-in ilc siaic ol noi bcing dillcicni; yuliim-icason;
vivinoii-icvcals; pancablil-wiil livc vciscs; adav-in ilc bcginning; anic-ai ilc
cnd; jananam-ol all living cniiiics; sai-always cxisiing; balil-cxicinally; anial-
inicinally; paia-iiansccndcnial; avaiam-maiciial; jnanam-lnowlcdgc; jncyam-ilc
objcciivc; vacal-cxpicssion; vacyam-ilc uliimaic objcci; iamal-dailncss; jyoiil-
ligli; iu-indccd; ayam-ilis onc (ilc Supicmc Loid); svayam-Himscll.
Tlc icasons wly ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad is, in onc scnsc, noi
dillcicni liom ilc maiciial woild aic cxplaincd in livc vciscs ol Siïmad-
llagavaiam (7.15.57-61). Tlc liisi ol ilcsc vciscs (Siïmad-llagavaiam 7.15.57)
dcclaics:
"Hc wlo cxisis inicinally and cxicinally, ai ilc bcginning and cnd ol
cvciyiling and ol all living bcings, as ilai wlicl is cnjoyablc and as ilc cnjoyci ol
cvciyiling, supciioi and inlciioi, is ilc Supicmc Tiuil. Hc always cxisis as
lnowlcdgc and ilc objcci ol lnowlcdgc, as cxpicssion and ilc objcci ol
undcisianding, as dailncss and as ligli. Tlus Hc, ilc Supicmc Loid, is
cvciyiling."¯
Tcxi 2
jananam dcladïnam adau laianaivcnanic cavadliivcna yai paiamaima-
lalsanam caiianyam saiva-laianam vasiu sad vaiiamanam. iad cva svayam balii
blogyam aniai blolii paiam avaiam cocca-nïcam iamo 'pialasal. jyoiil pialasas
ca spluiaii nanyai. anyasya iad vina svaial spluiananiiupyaivad iii blaval.
jananam-ol ilc living cniiiics; dcladïnam-bcginning wiil maiciial bodics;
adau-in ilc bcginning; laianaivcna-as ilc cauasc; anic-ai ilc cnd; ca-and;
avadliivcna-as ilc conclusion; yai-wlai; paiamaima-ol ilc Supcisoul; lalsanam-
naiuic; caiianyam-consciousncss; saiva-laianam-causc ol all; vasiu-iling; sai-
bcing; vaiiamanam-bcing so; iai-ilai; cva-indccd; svayam-pcisonally; balil-
ouisidc; blogyam-io bc cnjoycd; anial-insidc; blolil-ilc cnjoyci; paiam-
supicmc; avaiam-maiici; ca-and; ucca-ligl; nïcam-and low; iamal-iamal;
apialasal-ilc abscncc ol ligli; jyoiil-jyoiil; pialasal-ligli; ca-and; spluiaii-
manilcsis; na-noi; anyai-anoilci; anyasya-ol anoilci; iai-ilai; vina-wiiloui;
svaial-pcisonally; spluiana-manilcsiaiion; aniiupyaivai-bccausc ol noi bcing
dcsciibcd; iii-ilus; blaval-ilc mcaning.
Hcic ilc woid "jananam" mcans "bcginning wiil maiciial bodics", "adau"
mcans "in ilc bcginning Hc is ilc causc", and "anic" mcans "ai ilc cnd Hc is ilc
linal conclusion". Tlus ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad's naiuic is ilai Hc is
all-lnowing, cicinally cxisiing, and ilc causc ol cvciyiling. "lalil" mcans
cxicinally Hc is ilai wlicl is cnjoyablc", "anial" mcans "inicinally Hc is ilc
cnjoyci", paiavaiam" mcans "ilc ligl and ilc low", iamal" mcans "ilc abscncc
ol ligli", pialasal" mcans "ligli". Noiling is dillcicni liom Him. Tlc mcaning
lcic is: "wiiloui Him as ilc causc, noiling is manilcsicd".
Anuccheda 63
Tcxi 1
nanu lailam iaili iasmad aiyania-piilag ivaiila-jaiam piaiïyaic. iaiiala
nanu-indccd; lailam-low'; iaili-ilcn; iasmai-liom Him; aiyania-piilag-vciy
dillcicni; iva-lilc; aiila-mcaning; jaiam-boin; piaiïyaic-is bclicvcd; iaiia-ilcic;
ala-said.
Hcic somconc may pioicsi: "Il ilis is so, ilcn wly io pcoplc bclicvc many
ilings aic indcpcndcni, noi cicaicd by ilc Loid'" To ilis qucsiion ilc lollowing
icply is givcn (Siïmad-llagavaiam 7.15.5S):
Tcxi 2
abadliio 'pi ly ablaso
yaila vasiuiaya smiial
duiglaiaivad aindiiyalam
iadvad aiila-vilalpiiam
abadliial-icjccicd; 'pi-alilougl; li-cciiainly; ablasal-a icllcciion; yaila-as;
vasiuiaya-a loim ol icaliiiy; smiial-acccpicd; duiglaiaivai-bccausc ol bcing vciy
dilliculi io piovc ilc icaliiy; aindiiyalam-lnowlcdgc dciivcd liom ilc sncscs;
iadvai-similaily; aiila-icaliiy; vilalpiiam-spcculaicd oi doubilul.
"Alilougl onc may considci ilc icllcciion ol ilc sun liom a miiioi io bc lalsc,
ii las iis laciual cxisicncc. Accoidingly, io piovc by spcculaiivc lnowlcdgc ilai
ilcic is no icaliiy would bc cxiicmcly dilliculi."¯
Tcxi 3
abadliias iaila-viiodlcna saivaio badliial svaianiiya-saiiayal salasan niiasio
'pi yaila ablasal suiyadi-piaii-iasmii baladiblil piilal pialasamanaia-daisanad
vasiuiaya svaianiia-padaiilaiaya smiial lalpiial. iadvad aindiiyalam saivam
mudlail svaianiiaiilaivcna vividlam lalpiiam. iai iu na iaiiva-disiya. svaianiiya-
niiupanasya duiglaiaivad iiy aiilal.
abadliial-abadliia; iaila-viiodlcna-icjccicd by logic; saivaial-in all icspccis;
badliial-dispiovcd; svaianiiya-indcpcndcncc; -saiiayal-ol cxisicncc; salasan-ai
oncc; niiasial-dispiovcd; 'pi-cvcn; yaila-as; ablasal-icllcciion; suiyadi-bcginning
ciil ilc sun; piaii-iasmil-iays ol ligli; baladiblil-bcginning wiil clildicn;
piilal-dillcicni; pialasamanaia-daisanai-bccausc ol sccing ilc manilcsiaiion;
vasiuiaya-as icaliiy; svaianiia-padaiilaiaya-by ilc mcaning ol ilc woid
indcpcndcncc; smiial-considcicd; lalpiial-undcisiood; iadvai-ilcn; aindiiyalam-
ol ilc scnscs; saivam-all; mudlail-by lools; svaianiiaiilaivcna-by ilc mcaning ol
indcpcndcncc; vividlam-vaiious; lalpiiam-undcisiood; iai-ilqi; iu-bui; na-noi;
iaiiva-disiya-by sccing ilc iiuil; svaianiiya-ol indcpcndcncc; niiupanasya-ol ilc
dcsciipiion; duiglaiaivai-bcicausc ol ilc dilliculiy; iii-ilus; aiilal-ilc mcaning.
Hcic ilc woid "abadliial" mcans "ilc idca ilai anyiling ilai cxisis can bc
indcpcndcni ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad is complcicly icluicd by
logic". Ablasal" lcic mcans "ilc icllccicd ligli ol ilc sun oi oilci luminous
objccis", "vasiuiaya smiial" mcans "io ilinl ilcm indcpcndcni icaliiics", "iadvad
aindiiyalam" mcans "lools ilinl ilc maiciial woild ol ilc scnscs is noi dcpcndcni
on ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad". Tlcy wlo scc ilc iiuil lind ii laid io
acccpi ilc idca ilai anyiling is indcpcndcni ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad. Tlai is ilc mcaning.
Anuccheda 6+
Tcxi 1
iad cvala dvablyam
lsiiy-adïnam ilaiilanam
claya na laiamapi li
iai-sanglaio vilaio 'pi
na piilan nanviio misa
iai-ilai; cva-indccd; ala-sasid; dvablyam-wiil iwo vciscs; lsiiy-adïnam-ol ilc
livc clcmcnis bcginnign wiil ilc caiil; ila-inm ilis woild; aiilanam-ol ilosc livc
clcmcnis; claya-sladow; na-nciilci; laiama-wlicl ol ilcm'; api-indccd; li-
cciiainly; na-noi; sanglaial-combinaiion; vilaial-iiansloimaiion; api-alilougl;
na piilal-noi scpaiaicd; na anviial-noi inlcicni; misa-all ilcsc ilcoiics aic
wiiloui subsiancc.
Tlis is luiilci cxplaincd in ilc ncxi iwo vciscs, ilc liisi ol wlicl dcclaics
(Siïmad-llagavaiam 7.15.59):
"In ilis woild ilcic aic livc clcmcnis, namcly caiil, waici, liic, aii and cilci,
bui ilc body is noi a icllcciion ol ilcm, noi a combinaiion oi iiansloimaiion ol
ilcm. lccausc ilc body and iis ingicdicnis aic nciilci disiinci noi amalgamaicd,
all sucl ilcoiics aic insubsianiial."¯
Tcxi 2
lsiiy-adïnam panca-bluianam clayailya-buddly-alambana-iupam dcladi-
sanglaiaiambla-paiinamanam madlyc laiamapy anyaiamapi na blavaii. na iavai
icsam sanglaio vilsanam iva vanam. cla-dcsalaisanc saivalaisananupapaiicl. na
ly clasmin vilsa alisic saivam vanam alisyaic. na ca vilaia aiabdlo 'vayavï. api-
sabdai paiinamo 'pi na. luial. sa lim avayavcblyal piilag aiablyaic paiinamaic
ca iad-anviio va. na iavad aiyaniam piilal. iaila apiaiïicl. na canviial. sa lim
piaiy-avayavam saivo 'py anvcii. amscna va. adyc 'nguli-maiic 'pi dcla-buddlil
syai. dviiïyc iasyapy amsangi-laic saiy anavasila-paial syai. aio dcladcl
svaianiiycnavasiliiii misaivcii.
lsiiy-adïnam-bcginning wiil caiil; panca-bluianam-ol ilc livc maiciial
clcmcnis; claya-a sladow; ailya-oncncss; buddli-idca; alambana-ialing slclici;
iupam-loim; dcladi-bcginning wiil ilc body; sanglaia-combinaiion; aiambla-
bcginning; paiinamanam-iiansloimaiion; madlyc-in ilc middlc; laiama-wlicl ol
ilcm'; api-also; anyaiama-dillcicni; api-also; na-noi; blavaii-is; na-noi; iavai-in
ilai way; icsam-ol ilcm; sanglaial-combinaiion; vilsanam-ol iiccs; iva-lilc;
vanam-loicsi; cla-dcsa-in onc placc; alaisanc-in biinging iogcilci; saiva-all;
alaisana-biinging iogcilci; anupapaiicl-bccausc ol noi cxplaining; na-noi; li-
indccd; clasmin-in onc; vilsa-iicc; alisic-biougli; saivam-all; vanam-loicsi;
alisyaic-is biougli; na-noi; ca-and; vilaia-iiansloimaiion; aiabdlal-bcgun;
avayavï-noi laving limbs; api-sabdai-liom ilc woid "api"; paiinamal-
iiansloimaiion; 'pi-also; na-noi; luial-liom wlai'; sa-ilai; lim-wlcilci';
avayavcblyal-liom limbs; piilag-dillcicni; aiablyaic-is bcgun; paiinamaic-
iiansloims; ca-ands; iad-anviial-wiil ilai; va-oi; na-noi; iavai-ilcn; aiyaniam-
gicai; piilal-dillcicni; iaila-so; apiaiïicl-noi bclicvcd; na-noi; ca-and; anviial-
wiil; sa-ilai; lim-wlcilci'; piaiy-avayavam-cvciy limb; saival-all; 'pi-also;
anvcii-lollows; amscna-by a paii; va-oi; adyc-in ilci bcginning; anguli-maiic-in
only a lingci; api-indccd; dcla-buddlil-ilc idca ol ilc body; syai-is; dviiïyc-in ilc
sccond; iasya-ol ilai; api-and; a6sa-ol a paii; angi-laic-in acccpiancc; saii-bcing
so; anavasila-paial-wiiloui ilai siiuaiion; syai-is; aial-ilcn; dcladcl-bcginning
wiil ilc body; svaianiiycna-wiil indcpcndcncc; avasiliiil-siiuaiion; misa-lalsc;
cva-indccd; iii-ilus.
Hcic ilc woid "lsiiy-adïnam" mcans "ol ilc livc maiciial clcmcnis", "claya"
mcans "ilinling ilc maiciial bodics and oilci ilings ilai lavc a bcginning and
undcigo vaiious iiansloimaiions lavc bccomc onc", and laiamapi na" mcans
"ilis is noi so". Hcic ilc woid "sanglaial" docs noi mcan a combinaiion lilc ilai
ol many iiccs combining io bccomc a loicsi, loi ii is noi possiblc loi all cxisicncc
io bc biougli iogcilci in onc placc. An cniiic loicsi cannoi bc biougli iogcilci in
a singlc iicc. Hcic na vilaial" mcans "ilc wlo las no bcginning". Api" mcans
"ilc wlolc is ncvci iiansloimcd". Wly is ilai' Aic ilc vaiious paiis disiinci, oi
aic ilcy amalgamaicd' Tlcy aic noi disiinci (na piilal), and nciilci aic ilcy
amalgamaicd (na canviial). Is ilc wlolc complcicly picscni in cacl paii, oi is
only a paii ol ilc wlolc picscni in cacl paii' Accoiding io ilc liisi idca ilc cniiic
body is picscni in a singlc lingci. Accoiding io ilc sccond idca only a paii ol ilc
cniiic body is picscni in a singlc lingci. Tlc conclusion is ilai ilc idca ilai ilc
maiciial body and oilci ilings aic indcpcndcni is an illusion (misa).
Anuccheda 65
Tcxi 1
cvam dcladcl svaianiiycnaniiupyaivam uliva iad-dlciunam lsiiy-adïnam api
iailaivaniiupyaivam ala
cvam-ilus; dcladcl-bcginning wciil ilc body; svaianiiycna-wiil
indcpcndcncc; aniiupyaivam-ilc siaic ol noi dcsciibing; uliva-saying; iad-
dlciunam-ol ilc causcs ol ilai; lsiiy-adïnam-bcginning wiil caiil; api-also; iaila-
so; cva-indccd; aniiupyaivam-noi io bc dcsciibcd; ala-says.
lccausc ilc maiciial body is noi indcpcndcni ol ilc Loid, ilcicloic ilc
ingicdicnis ol ilc maiciial body, namcly ilc maiciial clcmcnis, bcginning wiil
caiil, aic also noi indcpcndcni ol ilc Loid. Tlis is dcsciibcd in ilc lollowing
woids (Siïmad-llagavaiam 7.15.60):
Tcxi 2
dlaiavo 'vayaviivac ca
ian-maiiavayavaii vina
na syui ly asaiy avayaviny
asann avayavo 'niaial
dlaiaval-ilc livc clcmcnis; 'vayaviivac-bcing ilc causc ol ilc bodily
conccpiion; ca-and; ian-maiia-ilc scnsc objccis (sound, iasic, ioucl, cic.);
avayavail-ilc subilc paiis; vina-wilioui; na-noi; syul-can cxisi; li-indccd; asaii-
unical; avayavini-in ilc loimaiion ol ilc body; asann-noi cxisiing; avayaval-ilc
paii ol ilc body; 'niaial-ai ilc cnd.
"lccausc ilc body is loimcd ol ilc livc clcmcnis, ii cannoi cxisi wiiloui ilc
subilc scnsc objccis. Tlcicloic, sincc ilc body is lalsc, ilc scnsc objccis aic also
naiuially lalsc oi icmpoiaiy."¯
Tcxi 3
dlaiayaniïii dlaiavo mala-bluiani. ian-maiiail sulsmaii avayavaii vina na
syul. avayaviivai. icsam api iaily avayava cva svaianiia iii cci iaiiala ulia-
pialaicnavayavini niiupayiium asaii avayavo 'py aniaio niiupayiium asann cva
syai. avayavi-piaiïiy-anyailanupapaiiim vina paiamanu-lalsanavayava-sad-blavc
piamanablavad iiy aiilal.
dlaiayanii-mainiain; iii-ilus; dlaiaval-dlaiaval; mala-bluiani-gioss
clcmcnis; ian-maiiail-wiil ilc scnsc objccis; sulsmail-subilc; avayavail-paiis;
vina-wiiloui; na-noi; syul-aic; avayaviivai-bccausc ol ilc wlolc; icsam-ol ilcm;
api-also; iaili-ilcn; avayava-paii; cva-indccd; svaianiia-indcpcndcni; iii-ilus; cci-
il; iaiia-ilcic; ala-said; ulia-pialaicna-by ilc picvious dcsciipiion; avayavini-ilc
wlolc; niiupayiium-io dcsciibc; asaii-unical; avayaval-paii; 'pi-also; aniaial-
bccausc ol an cnd; niiupayiium-io dcsciibc; asann-bcing so; cva-indccd; syai-is;
avayavi-wlolc; piaiïii-bclicl; anyaila-oilciwisc; anupapaiiim-noi io bc piovcd;
vina-wiiloui; paiamanu-aioms; lalsana-naiuic; avayava-paiis; sad-blavc-in iiuc
cxisicncc; piamana-cvidcncc; ablavai-bccausc ol ilc abscncc; iii-ilus; aiilal-ilc
mcaning.
Hcic ilc woid "dlaiaval" mcans "ilc gioss maiciial clcmcnis. Tlis woid is
dciivcd liom ilc vcib dli" (io susiain). Tlus ilc maiciial clcmcnis susiain ilc
maiciial woild. Tlc woids "ian-maiiavayavaii vina na syul avayaviivai" mcan "Ii
cannoi cxisi wiiloui ilc subilc scnsc objccis". Il somconc says ilai ilc maiciial
clcmcnis aic indcpcndcni ilcn ilis vcisc icplics: "avayavini asaii avayavo 'py
aniaial" (ilc clcmcnis ilai compiisc ilc body aic by naiuic icmpoiaiy). No ical
cvidcncc suppoiis ilc ilcoiy ilai ilc aioms ilai compiisc ilc maiciial woild aic
noi dcpcndcni on ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad.
Tcxi +
iad uliam pancamc cvam niiuliam lsiii-sabda-viiiam iiy adi.
iai-ilai; uliam-said; pancamc-in ilc lilil canio; cvam niiuliam lsiii-sabda-
viiiam iiy adi-Siïmad-llagavaiam 5.12.9.
Tlc idca ilai ilc maiciial aioms aic indcpcndcni ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad is icluicd by ilcsc woids (Siïmad-llagavaiam 5.12.9):
"Onc may say ilai vaiiciics aiisc liom ilc planci caiil iiscll. Howcvci,
alilougl ilc univcisc may icmpoiaiily appcai io bc ilc iiuil, ii uliimaicly las no
ical cxisicncc. ilc caiil was oiiginally cicaicd by a combinaiion ol aiomic
paiiiclcs, bui ilcsc paiiiclcs aic impcimancni. Aciually ilc aiom is noi ilc causc
ol ilc univcisc, alilougl somc plilosoplcis ilinl so. Ii is noi a laci ilai ilc
vaiiciics lound in ilis maiciial woild simply icsuli liom aiomic juxiaposiiion oi
combinaiion."¯
Tcxi 5
iasmad ailya-buddly-alambana-iupam yai piaiïyaic. iai saivaiia paiamaima-
lalsanam saiva-laianam vasiv cvcii. sadluliam adav anic jananam sad iiy adina.
iasmai-ilcicloic; ailya-ol oncncss; buddli-ilc idca; alambana-iupam-
acccpiancc; yai-wlai; piaiïyaic-is bclicvcd; iai-ilai; saivaiia-cvciywlcic;
paiamaima-lalsanam-ilc naiuic ol ilc Supcisoul; saiva-laianam-ilc causc ol all;
vasiv-iling; cva-indccd; iii-is; sadlu-wcll; uliam-said; adav-in ilc bcginning; anic-
ai ilc cnd; jananam-ol living cniiiics; sai-ical; iii-ilus; adina-bcginning
Tlc ilcoiy ol oncncss is piopcily applicd io ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad, wlo is ilc causc ol all, and wlo is cloqucnily dcsciibcd in ilcsc woids
(Siïmad-llagavaiam 7.15.57):
"Hc wlo cxisis inicinally and cxicinally, ai ilc bcginning and cnd ol
cvciyiling and ol all living bcings, as ilai wlicl is cnjoyablc and as ilc cnjoyci ol
cvciyiling, supciioi and inlciioi, is ilc Supicmc Tiuil. Hc always cxisis as
lnowlcdgc and ilc objcci ol lnowlcdgc, as cxpicssion and ilc objcci ol
undcisianding, as dailncss and as ligli. Tlus Hc, ilc Supicmc Loid, is
cvciyiling."¯
Tcxi 6
cvam cva iiiïyc 'py uliam
iii iasam sva-saliïnam
saiïnam asamciya sal
piasupia-lola-ianiianam
nisamya gaiim ïsvaial
cvam-ilus; cva-indccd; iiiïyc-in ilc iliid canio; 'pi-also; uliam-said; iii-ilus;
iasam-ilcii; sva-saliïnam-own poicncy; saiïnam-so siiuaicd; asamciya-wiiloui
combinaiion; sal-Hc (ilc Loid); piasupia-suspcndcd; lola-ianiianam-in ilc
univcisal cicaiions; nisamya-lcaiing; gaiim-piogicss; ïsvaial-ilc Loid.
Tlc Loid's cicaiion ol ilc maiciial woild is also dcsciibcd in ilcsc woids ol
Siïmad-llagavaiam (3.6.1-3):
"Tlc Loid ilus lcaid aboui ilc suspcnsion ol ilc piogicssivc cicaiivc
lunciions ol ilc univcisc duc io ilc noncombinaiion ol His poicncics, sucl as ilc
malai-iaiiva.¯
Tcxi 7
lala-samjnam iaio dcvïm
bibliac claliim uiuliamal
iiayo-vimsaii-iaiivanam
ganam yugapad avisai
lala-samjnam-lnown as Kali; iaial-ai ilai iimc; dcvïm-ilc goddcss; bibliac-
dcsiiuciivc; claliim-poicncy; uiuliamal-ilc supicmc powcilul; iiayo-vimsaii-23;
iaiivanam-ol ilc clcmcnis; ganam-all ol ilccm; yugapai-simuliancously; avisai-
cnicicd.
"ilc Supicmc Powcilul Loid ilcn simuliancously cnicicd inio ilc 23 clcmcnis
wiil ilc goddcss Kalï, His cxicinal cncigy, wlo alonc amalgamaics all ilc dillcicni
clcmcnis.¯
Tcxi S
so 'nupiavisio blagavams
ccsia-iupcna iam ganam
blinnam samyojayam asa
supiam laima piabodlayan. iii.
sal-ilai; 'nupiavisial-ilus cniciing laici on; blagavaml-ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; ccsia-iupcna-by His icpicsiaiion ol aiicmpi, Kali; iam-
ilcm; ganam-all ilc living cniiiics, including ilc dcmigods; blinnam-scpaiaicly;
samyojayam asa-cngagcd io woil; supiam-slccping; laima-woil; piabodlayan-
cnliglicning; iii-ilus.
"Tlus wlcn ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad cnicicd inio ilc clcmcnis by
His cncigy, all ilc living cniiiics wcic cnlivcncd inio dillcicni aciiviiics, jusi as onc
cngagcd in lis woil alici awalcning liom slccp."¯
Tcxi 9
aia cva yasya piilivï saiïiam iiy adi siuiau saivasya paiamaima-saiïiaivcna
piasiddlil. paiamaimanas iu saiïiiivcna. iad cvam avayava-iupcna piadlana-
paiinamal saivaiiavayavi iu paiamaima-vasiv cvcii siddlam. iaio 'py amiilyaivam
cva jagaia upapadyaic.
aia cva-ilcicloic; yasya-ol wlom; piilivï-ilc caiil; saiïiam-ilc body; iii-ilus;
adi-bcginning; siuiau-in ilc Siuii-sasiia; saivasya-ol all; paiamaima-saiïiaivcna-as
ilc body ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; piasiddlil-cclcbiaicd;
paiamaimanal-ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; iu-bui; saiïiiivcna-as ilc
soul wiilin ilc body; iai-ilai; cvam-ilus; avayava-iupcna-in ilc loim ol ilc paii;
piadlana-paiinamal-ilc iiansloimaiion ol piadlana; saivaiia-cvciywlcic;
avayavi-ilc wlolc; iu-bui; paiamaima-vasiv-ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad;
cva-indccd; iii-ilus; siddlam-cclcbiaicd; iaial-ilcn; api-also; amiilyaivam-ilc
siaic ol noi bcing an illusion; cva-indccd; jagaia-io ilc maiciial univcisc;
upapadyaic-is aiiaincd
Tlc univcisal loim ol ilc Loid is also dcsciibcd in ilcsc woids ol ilc Subala
Upanisad (7.1):
"Tlc caiil is ilc body ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad."
In ilis way ii is said ilai ilc cniiic maiciial woild is ilc body ol ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad. Tlus ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad is ilc soul and
ilc maiciial woild is His body. Tlus as a maiciial body undcigocs clangcs wlilc
ilc soul wiilin icmains unclangcd, so ilc vaiious paiis ol ilc maiciial woild
undcigo clangcs, wlilc ilc soul ol ilc woild, ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad, icmains unclangcd. In ilis way ii is piovcd ilai ilc maiciial woild is
noi unical.
Anuccheda 66
Tcxi 1
nanu yadi paiamaima-vasiv cva saivaiiavayavï dclal syai iaias ca iaiiaiva
bialmanaivadi-samjna-piapici guna-dosa-lciu-vidli-niscdlav api syaiam. iau ca
na samblavaial. iasmad anya cvavayavï yujyaic. iiy asanlyala
nanu-indccd; yadi-il; paiamaima-vasiv-ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad;
cva-indccd; saivaiia-cvciywlcic; avayavï-ilc wlolc; dclal-body; syai-is; iaial-
ilcn; ca-also; iaiia-ilcic; cva-indccd; bialmanaiva-ilc siaic ol lialmana; adi-
bcginning wiil; samjna-namc; piapicl-ol ilc aiiainmcni; guna-viiiucs; dosa-laulis;
lciu-icason; vidli-iulcs; niscdlau-piolibiiions; api-also; syaiam-aic; iau-ilcy; ca-
and; na-noi; samblavaial-possiblc; iasmai-liom Him; anya-anoiilci; cva-indccd;
avayavï-wlolc; yujyaic-is cngagcd; iii-ilus; asanlya-woiiying; ala-said.
Hcic somconc may pioicsi: "Il ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad is ilc
complcic wlolc and cvciyiling ilai cxisis is a paii ol Him, ilcn ilc Supicmc Loid
posscsscs ilc viiiucs and laulis ol ilc bialmanas and all oilcis, and ilc iulcs and
piolibiiions ol ilc sciipiuics apply io Him also. Ol couisc, ilcsc siaicmcnis
cannoi bc acccpicd. Tlcsc aic all impossiblc idcas. ilcicloic ii musi bc somconc oi
somciling clsc ilai is ilc complcic wlolc, loi ii cannoi bc ilc Supicmc Loid."
Icaiing ilai somconc would spcal ilcsc woids, Siï Naiada cxplaincd (Siïmad-
llagavaiam 7.15.61):
Tcxi 2
syai sadisa-bliamas iavad
vilalpc saii vasiunal
jagiai-svapnau yaila svapnc
iaila vidli-niscdlaia
syai-ii so bccomcs; sadisa-similaiiiy; bliamal-misialc; iavai-as long as;
vilalpc-in scpaiaiion; saii-ilc paii; vasiunal-liom ilc subsiancc; jagiai-waling;
svapnau-slccping; yaila-as; svapnc-in a dicam; iaila-similaily; vidli-niscdlaia-ilc
icgulaiuivc piinciplcs, consisiing ol injunciions and piolibiiions.
"Wlcn a subsiancc and iis paiis aic scpaiaicd, ilc acccpiancc ol similaiiiy
bciwccn onc and ilc oilci is callcd illusion. Wlilc dicaming onc cicaics a
scpaiaiion bciwccn ilc cxisicnccs callcd walclulncss and slccp. Ii is in sucl a siaic
ol mind ilai ilc icgulaiivc piinciplcs ol ilc sciipiuics, consisiing ol injunciions
and piolibiiions aic iccommcndcd."¯
Tcxi 3
vasiunal paiamaimano vilalpc samsayc saiïii iasya iadisaivcna niinayo yavan
na syad iiy aiilal. iavad cva iasmai saivailya-buddli-nidanai piilag-dclailya-
buddlil sadisya-bliamal syai. puivapaiavayavanusandlanc saii paiampaiam
asajyailaiia siliiaivcnavayavaiva-sadlaianycna cailya-sadisyai piaiy-avayavam
claiaya piaiïicl. so 'yam dcla iii bliama cva blavaiïiy aiilal. piaii-vilsam iad
idam vanam iii vai.
vasiunal-in iiuil; paiamaimanal-liom ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad;
vilalpc-in scpaiaiion; samsayc-in doubi; saii-bcing so; iii-ilus; iasya-ol Him;
iadisaivcna-bcing lilc ilai; niinayal-in conclusion; yavan-as mucl as; na-noi;
syai-may bc; iii-ilus; aiilal-ilc mcaning; iavai-io ilai cxicni; cva-indccd; iasmai-
liom ilai; saiva-all; ailya-oncncss; buddli-idca; nidanai-liom ilc dcsiiuciion;
piilag-scpaiaic; dcla-body; ailya-ol onccss; buddlil-ilc idca; sadisya-ol
similaiiiy; bliamal-ilc misialc; syai-is; puiva-picvious; apaia-anoilci; avayava-
wlolc; anusandlanc-in sccling; saii-bcing so; paiampaiam-scqucncc; asajya-bcing
aiiaclcd; claiia-in onc placc; siliiaivcna-by ilc siiuaiion; avayavaiva-ilc aiaic ol
bcing ilc wlolc; sadlaianycna-by ilc gcncial naiuic; ca-and; ailya-oncncss;
sadisyai-liom similaiiiy; piaiy-avayavam-io cvciy paii; claiaya-wiil oncncss;
piaiïicl-bclicvcd; sal-ilai; 'yam-Him; dcla-body; iii-ilus; bliama-misialc; cva-
indccd; blavaii-is; iii-ilus; aiilal-ilc mcaning; piaii-vilsam-io cvciy iicc; iai-
ilai; idam-ilis; vanam-loicsi; iii-ilus; vai-lilc.
Hcic ilc woids "vasiunal vilalpc saii" mcan wlcn ilcic is doubi aboui ilc
Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad", and "iavai sadisya-bliamal syai" mcan ilcn
ilc idca ilai all is onc wiil Him bccomcs dcsiioycd and onc comcs io ilinl ilai
lis maiciial body is scpaiaic liom ilc Loid and las no conncciion wiil Him".
Wlcn onc sccls ilc supicmc wlolc, ilcn onc sccs ilc similai naiuic ol all ilc
paiis and onc undcisiands ilai ilc paiis aic onc in ilc scnsc ilai ilcy aic all paiis
ol ilc wlolc. ilcicloic io ilinl, "Tlis maiciial body is cvciyiling" is similai io
ilinling, "ilis onc iicc is ilc cniiic loicsi".
Tcxi +
yailoliam svayam-blagavaia
so 'yam dïpo 'icisam yadvai
sioiasam iad idam jalam
so 'yam puman iii ninam
misa dlïi gïi misayusam. iii.
yaila-as; uliam-said; svayam-blagavaia-by ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad; sal-ilis; 'yam-ilis; dïpal-lamp; 'icisam-ol ligli; yadvai-as; sioiasam-ol
iivcis; iai-ilai; idam-ilis; jalam-waici; sal-ilai; 'yam-ilis; puman-pcison; iii-ilus;
ninam-ol pcoplc; misa-illusion; dlïl-iniclligcncc; gïl-woids; misa-illusion;
ayusam-ol wlosc livcs; iii-ilus.
Tlis lind ol ilinling is also dcsciibcd in ilc lollowing woids ol ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad Himscll (Siïmad-llagavaiam 11.22.+5):
"Alilougl ilc illuminaiion ol a lamp consisis ol innumciablc iays ol ligli
undcigoing consiani cicaiion, iiansloimaiion, and dcsiiuciion, a pcison wiil
illusoiy iniclligcncc wlo sccs ilc ligli loi a momcni will spcal lalscly, saying,
Tlis is ilc ligli ol ilc lamp.' As onc obscivcs a llowing iivci, cvci-ncw waici
passcs by and gocs lai away, yci a loolisl pcison, obsciving onc poini in ilc iivci
lalscly siaics, Tlis is ilc waici ol ilc iivci.' Similaily, alilougl ilc maiciial body
ol a luman bcing is consianily undcigoing iiansloimaiion, ilosc wlo aic simply
wasiing ilcii livcs lalscly ilinl and say ilai cacl paiiiculai siagc ol ilc body is ilc
pcison's ical idcniiiy."¯¯¯
Tcxi 5
iaias ca iaiiaiva bialmanaivady-ablimanc saii svapna-visayalau jagiai-svapnav
iva iad-visayalau vidli-niscdlau syaiam iiy ala jagiad iii. iaila icna pialaicna
vidlci vidliia niscdlasya niscdlaiciy aiilal.
iaial-ilcn; ca-and; iaiia-ilcic; cva--indccd; bialmanaiva-siaic ol bcing a
bialmana; adi-bcginning wiil; ablimanc-in ilc conccpiion; saii-bcing so; svapna-
dicam; visayalau-in iclaiion io; jagiai-svapnav-waling and slccp; iva-lilc; iad-
visayalau-in ilai cicalm ol pciccpiion; vidli-niscdlau-iulcs and piolibiiions;
syaiam-may bc; iii-ilus; ala-said; jagiai-waling; iii-ilus; iaila-so; icna-by ilai;
pialaicna-cxplanaiion; vidlcl-ol ilc iulcs; vidliia-placcd; niscdlasya-ol
piilibiiions; niscdlaia-piilibiiion; iii-ilus; aiilal-ilc mcaning.
Tlus ilc idca ilai onc is a bialmana oi mcmbci ol anoilci social class is an
idca suiiablc loi walclulncss and dicam. Tlc iulcs and piolibiiions ol ilc
sciipiuics aic mcani loi pcisons wlo siay ion ilc iwo siaics ol maiciial conscious:
walclulncss and dicam. Ii is pcisons in ilosc iwo siaics ol consciousncss ilai ilc
sciipiuics oidci io pciloim cciiain aciiviiics and icliain liom oilci aciiviiics.
Tcxi 6
cvam
paia-svablava-laimani
na piasamscn na gailayci
visvam claimalam pasyan
pialiiya puiuscna ca
cvam-ilus; paia-svablava-laimani-oilcis' duiics; na-noi; piasamscn-sloudl
piaisc; na-noi; gailayci-slould ciiiicizc; visvam-woild; claimalam-onc soul;
pasyan-sccing; pialiiya-wiil naiuic; puiuscna-wiil ilc soul; ca-and.
Hcic ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad (11.2S.1) cxplains:
"Onc slould nciilci piaisc noi ciiiicizc ilc condiiioncd naiuic and aciiviiics ol
oilci pcisons. Railci, onc slould scc ilis woild as simply ilc combinaiion ol
maiciial naiuic and ilc cnjoying souls, all bascd on ilc onc Absoluic Tiuil."¯¯¯
Tcxi 7
iiy adii cladasasia-vimsaiiiamadlyayc 'pi jncyam. iaiia ca lim bladiam lim
abladiam va dvaiiasyavasiunal liyai iiy adilam syai sadisya-bliamas iavai iiy ady
anusaicnaiva vyallycyam. avasiu yad advaiiam iasyciy aiilal. iasmai svaianiiycna
niiupana-saliya paiamaimano 'nanyad cva saivam iii pialaianaiilal. siï-naiadal
siï-yudlisiliiam.
iii-ilus; adil-bcginning; cladasasia-vimsaiiiamadlyayc-ol ilc clcvcnil canio,
iwcniy-0cciglil clapici; 'pi-also; jncyam-io bc lnown; iaiia-ilcic; ca-and; lim
bladiam lim abladiam va dvaiiasyavasiunal liyai iiy adilam-bcginning wiil
ilcsc woids; syai sadisya-bliamas iavai iiy ady anusaicna-accoiding io ilcsc
woids; cva-indccd; vyallycyam-io bc ccplaincd; avasiu-unical; yai-wlai;
advaiiam-oncncss; iasya-ol ilai; iii-ilus; aiilal-ilc mcaning; iasmai-liom ilai;
svaianiiycna-wiil indcpcndcncc; niiupana-dcsciipiion; saliya-by ilc poicncy;
paiamaimanal-ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; 'nanyai-noi dillcicni; cva-
indccd; saivam-all; iii-ilus; pialaianaiilal-ilc mcaning ol ilc passagc; siï-
naiadal-Siï Naiada; siï-yudlisiliiam-io Siï Yudlisiliia.
Tlis quoic is liom ilc clcvcnil canio, iwcniy-ciglil clapici ol Siïmad-
llagavaiam. Tlcic ii is also said (Siïmad-llagavaiam 11.2S.+):
"Tlai wlicl is cxpicsscd by maiciial woids oi mcdiiaicd upon by ilc maiciial
mind is noi uliimaic iiuil. Wlai, ilcicloic, is aciually good oi bad wiilin ilis
insubsianiial woild ol dualiiy, and low can ilc cxicni ol sucl good and bad bc
mcasuicd'"¯¯¯
Ii is also said (Siïmad-llagavaiam 7.15.61):
"Wlcn a subsiancc and iis paiis aic scpaiaicd, ilc acccpiancc ol similaiiiy
bciwccn onc and ilc oilci is callcd illusion. Wlilc dicaming onc cicaics a
scpaiaiion bciwccn ilc cxisicnccs callcd walclulncss and slccp. Ii is in sucl a siaic
ol mind ilai ilc icgulaiivc piinciplcs ol ilc sciipiuics, consisiing ol injunciions
and piolibiiions aic iccommcndcd."¯
In ilis way ii is said ilai ilc idca ilai ilc ilings ol ilis woild aic scpaiaicd
liom ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad is noi ilc iiuil. Tlcicloic cvciyiling
ilai cxisis is dcpcndcni on ilc Loid. Tlai is ilc mcaning ol ilcsc passagcs ol
Siïmad-llagavaiam. Tlc vcisc quoicd in ilc bcginning ol ilis anucclcda was
spolcn by Siï Naiada io Siï Yudlisiliia.
Anuccheda 67
Tcxi 1
aia cvala
ivam vayui agnii avanii viyad ambu-maiial
piancndiiyani lidayam cid-anugialas ca
saivam ivam cva sa-guno vigunas ca bluiam
nanyai ivam asiy api mano-vacaso niiuliam
aia cva-ilcicloic; ala-said; ivam-You (aic); vayul-aii; agnil-liic; avanil-caiil;
viyai-sly; ambu-waici; maiial-ilc scnsc objccis; piana-ilc lilc aiis; indiiyani-ilc
scnscs; lidayam-ilc mind; cii-consciousncss; anugialas ca-and lalsc cgo oi ilc
dcmigods; saivam-cvciyiling; ivam-You; cva-only; sa-gunal-maiciial naiuic wiil
iis ilicc modcs; vigunal-ilc spiiiiual spail and Supcisoul, wlicl aic bcyond
maiciial naiuic; ca-and; bluman-O my gicai Loid; na-noi; anyai-oilci; ivam--ilan
You; asii-is; api-alilougl; mano-vacasal-by mind and woids; niiuliam-cvciyilign
manilcsicd.
Tlai ilc maiciial woild is, in onc scnsc, noi dillcicni liom ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad is also conliimcd by ilc lollowing woids ol Siïmad-
llagavaiam (7.9.+S):
"O Supicmc Loid, You aic aciually ilc aii, ilc caiil, liic, sly, and waici. You
aic ilc objccis ol scnsc pciccpiion, ilc lilc aiis, ilc livc scnscs, ilc mind,
consciousncss, and lalsc cgo. Indccd, You aic cvciyiling, subilc and gioss. Tlc
maiciial clcmcnis and anyiling cxpicsscd, ciilci by ilc woids oi by ilc mind, aic
noiling bui You."¯
Tcxi 2
lidayam aniai-indiiyam. mano buddly-alanlaia-ciiiaimalam. cii suddlo
jïval. anugialal sva-sammullï-laiana-saliil. lim baluna. sa-guno mayilal.
vigunas camayilal saivaiilas ivam cvcii. siï-pialladal siï-nisimlam.
lidayam-lidayam; aniai-indiiyam-ilc scnsc wiilin; manal-mind; buddly-
alanlaia-ciiiaimalam-iniclligcncc, lalsc cgo, consciousncs, scll; cii-cii; suddlal-
puic; jïval-soul; anugialal-anugiala; sva-sammullï-laiana-saliil-ilc lavoiablc
mcicy poicncy; lim-wlcilci'; baluna-moic; sa-gunal-sa-guna; mayilal-madc ol
maya; vigunal-viguna; ca-and; amayilal-licc liom maya; saivaiilal-all; ivam-
You; cva-indccd; iii-ilus; siï-pialladal-Siï Piallada; siï-nisimlam-io Siï Nisimla.
Hcic ilc woid "lidayam" mcans "ilc scnsc wiilin". Tlis woid iclcis io ilc
mind, iniclligcncc, lalsc cgo, consciousncss, and spiiii scll. "Cii" mcans ilc puic
spiiii soul", and "anugialal" mcans ilc lavoiablc mcicy poicncy". Wlai moic
nccd bc said' sa-gunal" mcans "wlai is madc ol maya", vigunal" mcans "wlai
is bcyond maya", and saivam ivam cva" mcans "You aic all ilis". Tlis vcisc was
spolcn by Siï Piallada io Loid Nisimla.
Anuccheda 68
Tcxi 1
aila iasya maya-salii-laiya-maya-jïvcblyo 'nyaivam ca spasiayaii
aila-now; iasya-ol ilai; maya-salii-ilc maya poicncy; laiya-cllcci; maya-maya;
jïvcblyal-liom ilc individual spiii souls; anyaivam-ilc siaic ol noi bcing
dillcicni; ca-also; spasiayaii-clcaily says.
Tlai ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad, ilc maya poicncy, and ilc
individual spiiii souls aic also dillcicni is clcaily cxplaincd in ilcsc woids
(Siïmad-llagavaiam 3.2S.+0-+1):
Tcxi 2
yailolmulad visplulingad
dlumad vapi sva-samblavai
apy aimaivcnablimaiad
yailagnil piilag ulmulai
yaila-as; ulmulai-liom ilc llamcs; visplulingai-liom ilc spails; dlumai-liom
ilc smolc; va-oi; api-cvcn; sva-samblavai-pioduccd liom iiscll; api-alilougl;
aimaivcna-by naiuic; ablimaiadiniimaicly connccicd; yaila-as; agnil-ilc liic;
piilag-dillcicni; ulmulai-liom ilc llamcs.
"ilc blazing liic is dillcicni liom ilc llamcs, liom ilc spails, and liom ilc
smolc, alilougl all aic iniimaicly connccicd bccausc ilcy aic boin liom ilc samc
blazing wood.¯
Tcxi 3
bluicndiiyaniallaianai
piadlanaj jïva-samjniiai
aima iaila piilag diasia
blagavan bialma-samjniial
bluia-ilc livc clcmcnis; indiiya-ilc scnscs; aniallaianai-liom ilc mind;
piadlanaj-liomilc piadlana; jïva-samjniiai-liom ilc jiva soul; aimailc Paiamaia;
iaila-so; piilag-dillcicni; diasia-ilc scci; blagavan-ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad; bialma-samjniial-callcd lialman.
"Tlc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad, wlo is lnown as paiam bialma, is ilc
scci. Hc is dillcicni liom ilc jïva soul, oi individual living cniiiy, wlo is combincd
wiil ilc scnscs, ilc livc clcmcnis, and consciousncss."¯
Tcxi +
ayam aiilal sva-samblavai svopadana-laianad ulmulai lasila-musiy-
upadlilad agnci laioi yo visplulingo yas ca dlumas iasmai iasmad yaila iai-
iad-upadanam agnil piilag yaila ca iasmad apy ulmulai iad-upadanam asav
agnil piilal.
ayam-ilis; aiilal-ilc mcaning; sva-samblavai-sva-samblavai; svopadana-
laianai-ipoduccd liom iiscll; ulmulai-ulmulai; lasila-ol wood;-musii-lisi;
upadlilai-liom ilc causc; agncl-ol liic; laiol-liom ilc causc; yal-wlo;
visplulingal-spail; yal-wlai; ca-and; dlumal-smolc; iasmai-liom ilai; iasmai-
liom ilai; yaila-as; iai-iad-upadanam-vaiious causcs; agnil-liic; piilag-dillcicni;
yaila-as; ca-ilai; iasmai-liom ilai; api-also; ulmulai-liom liic; iad-upadanam-ilc
causc ol ilai; asav-ilai; agnil-liic; piilal-dillcicni.
Hcic ilc woid "sva-samblavai" mcans pioduccd liom iiscll", and "ulmulai"
mcans llamcs pioduccd liom wood". Iiom ilis aic pioduccd spails and somc.
Howcvci, cvcn ilougl ii is ilc causc ol ilc llamcs, ilc liic (agnil) is dillcicni
(piilal) liom ilc llamcs ilcmsclvcs.
Tcxi 5
lïdisam api. iai-iiayad apy aimalaivcnablimaiai. iapalaiaya dlumc 'py agny-
amsa-samblavcnagni-svaiupaiaya piaiïiad api. iaila visplulinga-silanïyaj jïva-
samjniiaj jïvad ulmula-silanïyai piadlanai.
lïdisam-lilc wlai'; api-also; iai-ilai; iiayai-liom ilc ilicc; api-also;
aimalaivcna-as ilc scll; ablimaiai-iniimaicly connccicd; iapalaiaya-by ilc souiccs
ol lcai; dlumc-in smolc; 'pi-also; agni-ol liic; amsa-paii; samblavcna-by
pioduciion; agni-ol liic; svaiupaiaya-wiil ilc naiuic; piaiïiai-liom ilc
undcisianding; api-also; iaila-so; visplulinga-silanïyaj-liom spails; jïva-
samjniiaj-callcd ilc individual spiiii souls; jïvai-liom ilc individual spiiii soul;
ulmula-silanïyai-liom llamcs; piadlanai-liom piadlana.
Wlai aic ilcsc ilings lilc' Tlicc ilings aic mcniioncd lcic. lccausc ii is
pioduccd liom liic, smolc las a naiuic similai io ilai ol liic. ilc spails lcic aic
ilc individual spiiii souls, and ilc llamcs lcic aic ilc piadlana.
Tcxi 6
piadlanopadlila-blagavai-icjaso dluma-silanïyad bluiadcl saivopadana-
iupo blgavan piilal. ya cvaima svamscna iai-iad-aniaiyamiiaya paiamaima.
lvacid adlilaiini niiviscsa-cin-maiiaiaya spluian bialma-samjniias ca. yaia cva
diasia. icsam adi-madlyaniavasila-salsïii yailolmulad idanïm jvalaial lasilai
sva-samblavad agncl svaiupaivcnablimaiad apy aiyania-vivclino li dlumc 'py
agny-ablimano 'siïii dlumad iiy apy uliam. ulmulai puiva-siddlad api iad-
dalalal pialasalas cagnil piilag cva. iaila-bluicndiiyaniallaianadiblyal
paiamaimaivcna blagavaiivcna bialma-samjniiaivcna ca sabdiio diasia iad-ascsa-
jnal piilag cva. icsam baliianga-iaiasilaja-saliimayaivad iiy aiilal. siï-
lapiladcval.
piadlana-piadlana; upadlila-causc; blagavai-ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad; icjasal-poicncy; dluma-silanïyai-liom smolc; bluiadcl-bcginning
wiil caiil; saiva-all; upadana-iupal-causc; blgavan-ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad; piilal-dillcicni; ya-wlo; cva-indccd; aima-ilc soul; svamscna-by His
own paii; iai-iai-ol ilcm; aniaiyamiiaya-as ilc Supcisoul; paiamaima-ilc
Paiamaiam; lvacii-somcwlcic; adlilaiini-ilc coniyiollci; niiviscsa-wiiloui
vaiiciy; cin-maiiaiaya-as spiiii; spluian-manilcsi; bialma-samjniial-callcd
lialman; ca-and; yaia-liom wlicl; cva-indccd; diasia-ilc scci; icsam-ol ilcm; adi-
madlyania-bcginning, middlc, and cnd; avasila-siaics; salsï-ilc wiincss; iii-ilus;
yaila-as; ulmulai-liom llamcs; idanïm-now; jvalaial-buining; lasilai-liom wood;
sva-samblavai-scll-manilcsicd; agncl-liom liic; svaiupaivcna-by naiuic;
ablimaiai-iniimaicly connccicd; api-also; aiyania-vivclinal-vciy iniclligcnci; li-
indccd; dlumc-smolc; 'pi-also; agny-ablimanal-liic; 'sii-is; iii-ilus; dlumai-liom
smolc; iii-ilus; api-also; uliam-said; ulmulai-liom llamcs; puiva-siddlai-
picviously cxplaincd; api-also; iad-dalalal-buining ilai; pialasalal-manilcsicd;
ca-also; agnil-liic; piilag-dillcicni; cva-indccd; iaila-bluia-in ilai way; indiiya-
scnscs; aniallaiana-mind; adiblyalbcginning wiil; paiamaimaivcna-as ilc
Supcisoul; blagavaiivcna-as ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; bialma-
samjniiaivcna-as wlai is callcd lialman; ca-and; sabdiial-callcd; diasia-ilc scci;
iad-ascsa-jnal-wlo lnows cvciyiling; piilag-dillcicni; cva-indccd; icsam-ol ilcm;
baliianga-cxicinal; iaiasilaja-maiginal; saliimayaivai-bccausc ol posscssing ilc
poicncics; iii-ilus; aiilal-ilc mcaning; siï-lapiladcval-Loid Kapiladcva.
Manilcsicd liom ilc llamcs, wlicl in ilis cxamplc siand loi ilc Loid's poicncy
ol piadlana, is ilc smolc, wlicl siands loi ilc maiciial clcmcnis ilai bcgin wiil
caiil. Dillcicni (piilal) liom all ilcsc is ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad
(blagavan), wlo is ilc causc and oiigin ol ilcm all. Tlc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad cxpands as ilc Supcisoul (aima) picscni in ilc lcaiis ol all bcings, and
Hc also cxpands as ilc vaiiciylcss impcisonal lialman (bialma-samjniial). Hc is
ilc wiincss (diasia) ol cvciyiling, in bcginning, middlc, and cnd. As llamcs aic
scll-manilcsicd liom liicwood, so Hc is scll manilcsicd (sva-samblavai). Wlcn
iniclligcni pcisons scc smolc, ilc dcclaic, "Tlcic musi bc a liic". In ilc samc way,
wlcn iniclligcni pcisons scc ilc maiciial woild, ilcy dcclaic, "Tlcic musi bc a
cicaioi". As a liic is dillcicni liom iis llamcs, so ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad is dillcicni liom ilc maiciial clcmcnis, scnscs, mind, and oilci
ingicdicnis ol ilc maiciial woild. Tlc Supicmc Loid, wlo is callcd ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad (blagavan), ilc Supcisoul (paiamaima), and ilc
impcisonal lialman (bialma), and wlo is all-lnowing (diasia), is dillcicni liom
all clsc. Tlis is bccausc ilc cxicinal maiciial cncigy (baliianga), ilc maiginal
poicncy (iaiasila-salii) and oilci poicncics aic all His poicncics. Tlai is ilc
mcaning lcic. Tlc vcisc quoicd in ilc bcginning ol ilis anucclcda was spolcn by
Loid Kapiladcva.
Anuccheda 69
Tcxi 1
iaiia icsam manal paiamaimani nasii. ic paiamaimaimalc jagaiy asad-amsam
cva gilnanii. yc iu paiamaima-vidas ic sad-amsam cva gilnaniïiy alul
iaiia-ilcic; icsam-ol ilcm; manal-ilc mind; paiamaimani-in ilc Supcisoul; na-
noi; asii-is; ic-ilcy; paiamaimaimalc-ilc Supcisoul; jagaii-in ilc univcisc; asad-
amsam-a paii ol ilc non-cicinal; cva-indccd; gilnanii-acccpis; yc-wlo; iu-bui;
paiamaima-vidal-wlo undcisiand ilc Supcisoul; ic-ilcy; sad-amsam-a paii ol ilc
Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; cva-indccd; gilnanii-acccpi; iii-ilus; alul-ilcy
say.
Somc ilinlcis do noi acccpi ilc cxisicncc ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad and His cxpansion as ilc Supcisoul. ilcy say ilai ilis maiciial woild is
only an illusion. Howcvci, ilinlcis wlo lnow ilc iiuil aboui ilc Supcisoul
dcclaic ilai ilc maiciial woild is ical. Tlis is alliimcd by ilc lollowing piayci
addicsscd io ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad (Siïmad-llagavaiam 10.S7.26):
Tcxi 2
sad iva manas iii-vii ivayi viblaiy asad amanujai
sad ablimisaniy ascsam idam aimaiayaima-vidal
na li viliiim iyajanii lanalasya iad-aimaiaya
sva-liiam anupiavisiam idam aimaiayavasiiam
sai-ical; iva-as il; manal-ilc mind; iii-vii-ilicclold; ivayi-in You; viblaii-is
manilcsicd; asai-unical; a-manujai-cxicnding io ilc luman bcings; sai-ical;
ablimisanii-ilinl; ascsam-all; idam-ilis; aimaiayaima-vidal-ilcy wlo undcisiand
ilc Supcisoul; na-noi; li-indccd; viliiim-iiansloimaiion; iyajanii-abandon;
lanalasya-ol gold; iad-aimaiaya-as laving ilc samc idcniiiy; sva-liiam-scll-madc;
anupiavisiam-cnicicd; idam-ilis; aimaiaya-as ilc samc; avasiiam-dcicimincd.
"Tlc ailcisis ilinl ilai ilicc modcs ol maiciial naiuic compiisc cvciyiling in
ilis woild, liom ilc simplcsi plcnomcna io ilc complcx luman body. Alilougl
ilcsc plcnomcna appcai ical, ilcy aic only a lalsc icllcciion ol ilc spiiiiual icaliiy,
bcing a supciimposiiion ol ilc mind upon You. Siill, ilosc wlo lnow ilc Supicmc
Scll considci ilc cniiic maiciial cicaiion io bc ical inasmucl as ii is non-dillcicni
liom ilc Scll. Jusi as ilings madc ol gold aic indccd noi io bc icjccicd, sincc ilcii
subsiancc is aciual gold, so ilis woild is undoubicdly non-dillcicni liom ilc Loid
wlo cicaicd ii and ilcn cnicicd wiilin ii."¯¯¯
Tcxi 3
ivayy asad avaiiamanam yan-manas iai llalu iii-vii iii-guna-laiyc jagaii
vaiiamanam sai ivayi sad iva vaiiamanam iva viblaii. daivisupaiasa-nyaycna
svavagadlc jagaii saio 'pi paiamaimano gialanablavai. na iu vaiiamanam cva
viblaiïiy aiilal.
ivayi-in You; asai-unical; avaiiamanam-noi bcing; yan-manal-ilc mind ol
wlom; iai-ilai; llalu-indccd; iii-vii-ilicclold; iii-guna-ol ilc ilicc maiciial
modcs; laiyc-in ilc aciion; jagaii-in ilc mnaiciial univcisc; vaiiamanam-bcing so;
sai-ical; ivayi-in You; sai-ical; iva-as il; vaiiamanam-bcing so; iva-lilc; viblaii-is
manilcsi; daivisupaiasa-nyaycna-by ilc cxamplc ol iasiing daivi soup; svavagadlc-
dccp; jagaii-in ilc univcisc; saial-bcaing so; 'pi-also; paiamaimanal-ol ilc
Supcisoul; gialanablavai-bccausc ol noi acccpiing; na-noi; iu-bui; vaiiamanam-
bcing so; cva-indccd; viblaii-is manilcsicd; iii-ilus; aiilal-ilc mcaning.
Hcic ilc woids "sad iva manas iii-vii ivayi viblaii" mcan "ilc ailcisis ilinl
ilai ilc ilicc modcs ol maiciial naiuic compiisc cvciyiling in ilis woild, liom
ilc simplcsi plcnomcna io ilc complcx luman body. Alilougl ilcsc plcnomcna
appcai ical, ilcy aic only a lalsc icllcciion ol ilc spiiiiual icaliiy, bcing a
supciimposiiion ol ilc mind upon You." Tlis is lilc ilc cxamplc ol daivï-supa-
iasa-nyaya. lccausc ilcy do noi acccpi ilc cxisicncc ol ilc Supcisoul, ilc ailcisis
ilinl ilc maiciial woild is unical. Tlai is ilc mcaning.
Tcxi +
aia cvasad-amsasya iii-guna-maya-mayaivam mano-mayaivam coliam
aia cva-indccd; asad-amsasya-as unical; iii-guna-maya-mayaivam-an illusion
cicaicd by ilc ilicc modcs ol maiciial naiuic; mano-mayaivam-a ligmcni ol ilc
imaginaiion; ca-also; uliam-said.
Tlc ailcisis dcclaic ilai ilc maiciial woild is an illusion cicaicd by ilc ilicc
modcs, oi clsc ilcy ilinl ilai ilc maiciial woild is a ligmcni ol ilc imaginaiion.
Tlis is dcsciibcd in ilc lollowing siaicmcni ol Siïmad-llagavaiam (11.7.7):
Tcxi 5
yad idam manaso vaca
calsuiblyam siavanadiblil
nasvaiam gilyamanam ca
viddli maya-mano-mayam. iii.
yai-wlai; idam-ilis; manasal-ol ilc mind; vaca-by ilc woids; calsuiblyam-
wiil ilc cycs; siavanadiblil-bcginning wiil ilc cais; nasvaiam-icmpoiaiy;
gilyamanam-bcing acccpicd; ca-also; viddli-plcasc lnow; maya-mano-mayam-an
illusion cicaicd by maya; iii-ilus..
"Tlc maiciial univcisc ilai you pciccivc iliougl youi mind, spcccl, cycs, cais,
and oilci scnscs is an illusoiy cicaiion ilai onc imagincs io bc ical duc io ilc
inllucncc ol maya. In laci, you slould lnow ilai all ol ilc objccis ol ilc maiciial
scnscs aic icmpoiaiy."¯¯¯
Tcxi 6
yc iv aima-vidas ivad-vciiaias ic amanujai sopadlila-jïva-svaiupam ablivyapya
idam ascsam jagad cva aimaiaya svaiupaiaya sad ablimisanii. icsam sad-amsa cva
disiii nanyaiiciy aiilal.
yc-wlo; iv-bui; aima-vidal-lnow ilc Supcisoul; ivad-vciiaial-lnow You; ic-
ilcy; amanujai-liom luman bcings; sopadlila-wiil maiciial bodics; jïva-
svaiupam-ilc loim ol ilc individual spiiii soul; ablivyapya-pcivading; idam-ilis;
ascsam-all; jagai-univcisc; cva-indccd; aimaiaya-as ilc Scll; svaiupaiaya-wiil ilc
loim; sai-ical; ablimisanii-ilinl; icsam-ol ilcm; sad-amsa-ical; cva-indccd;
disiil-sigli; nanpi; anyaiia-in anoilci placc; iii-ilus; aiilal-ilc mcaning.
Tlc woids "iv aima-vida amanujad idam ascsam aimaiaya sad ablimisanii"
mcan "Tlcy wlo undcisiand ilc iiuil aboui ilc Supcisoul lnow ilai ilc
Supcisoul is picscni cvciywlcic in ilc maiciial woild, ilai Hc is picscni in ilc
individual soul's cxicinal maiciial bodics, bcginning wiil ilc luman bodics and
including all ilc oilci linds ol bodics." In ilis way ilcy scc ilai ilc maiciial
woild is ical. Tlai is ilc mcaning.
Tcxi 7
iaiia disianial na li viliiim iii. icsam lanala-maiiam migayamananam
lanala-vanijam li lanala-vilaic sundaia-luiupalaiaiayam disiii nasii. suddla-
lanala-maiia-gialiivai. iailaima-vidam apïii blaval.
iaiia-ilcic; disianial-cxamplc; na-noi; li-indccd; viliiim-iiansloimaiion; iii-
ilus; icsam-ol ilcm; lanala-maiiam-consisiing ol gold; migayamananam-ol ilcy
wlo sccl; lanala-vanijam-gold mciclanis; li-indccd; lanala-vilaic-
iiansloimaiions ol gold; sundaia-luiupalaiaiayam-in bcauiilul io ugly loims;
disiil-sigli; na-noi; asii-is; suddla-lanala-puic gold; maiia-only; gialiivai-
bccausc ol acccpiing; iaila-in ilai way; aima-vidam-lnowing ilc Supcisoul; api-
alos; iii-ilus; blaval-ilc mcaning.
Hcic, in ilc passagc bcginning wiil ilc woids "na li viliiim", an cxamplc is
givcn. Mciclanis wlo sccl gold aic noi vciy inicicsicd wlcilci goldcn objccis
lavc slapcs ilai aic bcauiilul oi ugly. Tlcy aic inicicsicd only in wlcilci ilc gold
iiscll is puic. In ilc samc way, ilcy wlo lnow ilc iiuil aboui ilc Supcisoul, aic
noi inicicsicd in ilc vaiious bcauiilul oi ugly slapcs picscni in ilc maiciial woild.
Railci, ilcy aic inicicsicd in ilc all-pcivading Supcisoul.
Tcxi S
daisianiilc 'pi iad-aimaivc lciu-iiayam alul idam jagai svcna sac-clalii-
visisicna saia upadana-iupcna ivaya liiam pascai siddlc 'pi laiyc
laianamsavyablicaiiiayaniaiyamiiaya ca svcna ivaya piavisiam punal pialayc 'py
aimaiaya sac-clalii-visisia-sad-iupaiayaivavasiiam ccii. cvam disianic 'pi
vivccanïyam.
daisianiilc-in ilc cxamplc; 'pi-also; iad-aimaivc-as ilc idcniiiy; lciu-iiayam-
ilicc icasons; alul-said; idam-ilis; jagai-woild; svcna-own; sac-clalii-visisicna-
by a spccilic poicncy; saia-ical; upadana-iupcna-as ilc ingicdicni; ivaya-by You;
liiam-cicaicd; pascai-alici; siddlc-poivcd; 'pi-also; laiyc-in cllcci; laiana-causc;
amsa-paii; avyablicaiiiaya-as unclanging; aniaiyamiiaya-as ilc Supcisoul; ca-also;
svcna-by Him; ivaya-by You; piavisiam-cnicicd; punal-again; pialayc-in
dcsiiuciion; 'pi-also; aimaiaya-as ilc Scll; sac-clalii-iiansccndcnial poicncy;
visisia-spccilic; sad-iupaiaya-wiil a spiiiiual loim; cva-indccd; avasiiam-
undcisiood; ca-also; iii-ilus; cvam-ilus; disianic-in ilc cxamplc; 'pi-also;
vivccaniyam-io bc cxplaincd.
.
Tlicc icasons aic givcn io cxplain ilai ilc maiciial univcisc is manilcsicd liom
ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad. Tlc liisi icason is givcn in ilc woid "sva-
liiam", wlicl mcans "O Loid, You cicaicd ilc maiciial woild, by cmploying onc
ol Youi poicncics, wlicl ilcn bccomc ilc ingicdicni ol wlicl ilc maiciial woild
was madc. Tlc sccond icason is givcn in ilc woid "anupiavisiam", wlicl mcans
"Alici ilc maiciial woild was cicaicd, You cnicicd ii as ilc Supcisoul. In ilis way
You aic picscni in ilc lcaiis ol all cmbodics bcings". Tlc iliid icason is givcn in
ilc woids aimaiayavasiiam", wlicl mcan "wlcn ilc maiciial univcisc is
dcsiioycd, ilc cniiic maiciial cicaiion, wlicl is Youi poicncy, cnicis wiilin You."
In ilis way ilc cxamplc is cxplaincd.
Tcxi 9
iad ciai saivam ablipiayaivoliam vaisnavc
jnana-svaiupam allilam
jagad ciad abuddlayal
aiila-svaiupam pasyanio
bliamyas ic mola-samplavc
iai-ilis; ciai-ilai; saivam-all; ablipiaya-lnowing; cva-indccd; uliam-said;
vaisnavc-in ilc Visnu Puiana; jnana-svaiupam-ilc loim ol iiansccndcnial
lnowlcdgc; allilam-all; jagai-univcisc; ciai-ilis; abuddlayal-lools; aiila-
svaiupam-ilc liom ol ilc mcaning; pasyanial-sccing; bliamyal-bcwildcicd; ic-
ilcy; mola-samplavc-diowinging in bcwildcimcni.
All ol ilis is also cxplaincd in ilc lollowing woids ol Siï Visnu Puiana (1.+.+0-
+1):
"Unawaic ol ilc iiuc naiuic ol ilc maiciial woild, lools scc only maiciial
ilings. In ilis way ilcy aic plungcd in illusion.
Tcxi 10
yc iu jnana-vidal suddla-
cciasas ic 'llilam jagai
jnanaimalam piapasyanii
ivad-iupam paiamcsvaia. iii.
yc-wlo; iu-bui; jnana-vidal-lnow ilc iiuil; suddla-puic; cciasal-lcaiis; ic-
ilcy; 'llilam-all; jagai-ilc univcisc; jnanaimalam-lull ol lnowlcdgc; piapasyanii-
scc; ivad-iupam-Youi loim; paiamcsvaia-O Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; iii-
ilus.
"lui ilc wisc and puic-lcaiicd sagcs scc ilai cvcn ilc maiciial woild is lull ol
iiansccndcnial lnowlcdgc. O Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad, ilcy scc ilc
maiciial woild is a loim ol You."
Tcxi 11
siï-siuiayal.
siï-siuiayal-ilc Pcisonilicd Vcdas.
Tlc vcisc quoicd in ilc bcginning ol ilis anucclcda was spolcn by ilc
Pcisonilicd Vcdas.
Anuccheda 70
Tcxi 1
iad cvam paiinamadilam sadliiam. vivaiias ca paiiliial. iaio vivaiia-vadinam
iva iajju saipavan na miilyaivam. liniu glaiavan nasvaiaivam cva iasya. iaio
miilyaivablavc 'pi iii-lalavyablicaiablavaj jagaio na saiivam. vivaiia-
paiinamasiddliivcna iad-dosa-dvayablavavaiy cva li vasiuni saiivam vidlïyaic.
yaila paiamaimani iac-claliau va. sad cva saumycdam agia asïi iiy adau idam-
sabdoliam jagai. sulsmavasila-lalsana-iac-clalii-bialmanoi miilas iad-
aimyapannayol sac-clabda-vacanai. aial sai-laiya-vadas ca laiya-sulsmavasilam
avalambyaiva piavaiiaic.
iai-ilai; cvam-ilus; paiinamadilam-bcginning wiil cvidcncc; sadliiam-piovcd;
vivaiial-iiansloimaiion; ca-and; paiiliial-icluicd; iaial-ilcn; vivaiia-vadinam-ol
ilcy wlo picaclc ilc ilcoiy ol iiansloiamiion; iva-lilc; iajju-a iopc; saipavan-lilc
a snalc; na-noi; miilyaivam-lalsiiy; liniu-lowcvci; glaiavan-lilc a poi;
nasvaiaivam-icmpoiaiincss; cva-indccd; iasya-ol ilai; iaial-ilcn; miilyaivablavc-
ilc abscncc ol illusion; 'pi-cvcn; iii-lala-ilc ilicc plascs ol iimc; avyablicaia-noi
wiong; ablavaj-bccausc ol ilc abscncc; jagaial-ol ilc univcisc; na-noi; saiivam-
icaliiy; vivaiia-iiansloimaiion; paiinama-iiansloimaiion; asiddliivcna-bccausc ol
noi bcing piovcd; iad-dosa-dvaya-ilc iwo dclccvis; ablava-abscncc; vaii-
posscssing; cva-indccd; li-indccd; vasiuni-in ilc iling; saiivam-ialiiy; vidlïyaic-is
placcd; yaila-as; paiamaimani-in ilcSupcisoul; iac-claliau-in His poicncy; va-oi;
sai-cicinal; cva-indccd; saumya-O gcnilc onc; idam-ilis; agia-bcloic; asïi-was; iii-
ilus; adau-bcginning; idam-sabdoliam-said by ilc woid idam"; jagai-ilc
univcisc; sulsma-subilc; avasila-siaic; lalsana-naiuic; iai-His; salii-poicncy;
bialmanol-ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; miilal-muiual; iad-
aimyapannayol-aiiaining His naiuic; sac-clabda-vacanai-liom ilc woid "sai";
aial-ilcn; sai-laiya-vadal-ilcy wlo say ii is ical; ca-and; laiya-sulsmavasilam-
subilc condiiion; avalambya-acccpiing; cva-indccd; piavaiiaic-is.
In ilis way ilc idca ilai ilc maiciial woild is a iiansloimaiion (paiinama) ol
ilc Loid's poicncics is piovcd and ilc idca ilai ilc maiciial woild is a
iiansloimaiion (vivaiia) ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad Himscll is icluicd.
Tlcy wlo say ilc maiciial woild is a iiansloimaiion ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad givc ilc cxamplc ol misialing a iopc loi a snalc. In ilis cxamplc ilc
imagincs snalc las no ical cxisicncc. Howcvci, ii cannoi bc said ilai ilc maiciial
woild is unical in ilai way. Wlai onc can say is ilai ilc maiciial woild is
manilcsicd icmpoiaiily, as a clay poi is icmpoiaiily manilcsicd liom ilc ioialiiy ol
clay. Tlcicloic ilc maiciial woild is noi unical. Ii ically cxisis. lui onc can say
ilai ii is unical in ilc scnsc ilai ii is icmpoiaiily manilcsicd. Ii is noi manilcsicd
in all ilicc plascs ol iimc. Tlcicloic ilc iwo ilcoiics ol iiansloimaiion aic wiong,
and ilc conclusion is ilai ilc maiciial woild is cciiainly ical. Ii is ical bccausc ii
icsis on ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad and His poicncy. In ilc Clandogya
Upanisad (6.2.1) ii is said:
"O gcnilc onc, in ilc bcginning only ilc cicinal cxisicd."
In ilis passagc ilc woid "idam" (ilis) iclcis io ilc maiciial woild. ilc mcaning
lcic is ilai bcloic ilc maiciial woild was manilcsicd ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad and ilc subilc condiiion ol ilc maiciial woild boil cxisicd cicinally.
Tlcicloic ii may bc said ilai ilc maiciial woild is ical bccausc ilc subilc naiuic ol
ilc maiciial woild always cxisis.
Tcxi 2
iad cvam siliic 'pi punai asanlaic nanu sad-upadanam jagai lailam iadvad
anasvaiaiam api jagan na llalu sai syai. yadi ca nasvaiam syai. iaili lailam va
sulii-iajaia-vad avyablicaiiivcna lcvala-vivaiianial-paii na syai. iad ciai piasnam
uiianlya paiilaianii
iai-ilai; cvam-ilus; siliic-siiuaicd; 'pi-cvcn; punal-again; asanlaic-doubis;
nanu-is ii noi so'; sai-ol ilc cicinal; upadanam-ilc ingicdicni; jagai-ilc maiciial
univcisc; lailam-low'; iadvai-ilcn; anasvaiaiam-noi icmpoiaiy; api-also; jagan-
ilc univcisc; na-noi; llalu-indccd; sai-cicinal; syai-m ay bc; yadi-il; ca-also;
nasvaiam-icmpoiaiy; syai-is; iaili-ilcn; lailam-low'; va-oi; sulii-iajaia-vai-lilc
silvci on a scaslcll; avyablicaiiivcna-bccausc ol bcing unclanging; lcvala-only;
vivaiia-iiansolimaiion; anial-wiilin; paii-going; na-noi; syai-is; iai-ilis; ciai-ilai;
piasnam-qucsiion; uiianlya-icplying; paiilaianii-icluic.
Hcic somconc may pioicsi: "Is ii noi iiuc ilai ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad is ilc ingicdicni ol wlicl ilc maiciial woild is madc' How, ilcn, is ii
possiblc ilai ilc maiciial woild is icmpoiaiy' Il ilc maiciial woild is icmpoiaiy,
ilcn musi ii noi bc an illusion, lilc ilc illusion ol ilinling ilc gliiiciing silvcililc
suilacc ol a scaslcll io bc ical silvci'". Il ilis pioicsi is iaiscd, ilc lollowing vcisc
liom Siïmad-llagavaiam (10.S7.36) may bc quoicd in answci:
Tcxi 3
saia idam uiiliiam yad iii ccn nanu iaila-laiam
vyablicaiaii lva ca lva ca misa na iailoblaya-yul
vyavaliiayc vilalpa isiio 'ndla-paiampaiaya
bliamayaii blaiaii ia uiu-viiiiblii ulila-jadan
saial-liom ilc ical; idam-ilis; uiiliiam-manilcsicd; yai-wlai; iii-ilus; ccn-il;
nanu-indccd; iaila-laiam-icluicd by logic; vyablicaiaii-clangcs; lva-wlcic'; ca-
and; lva-wlcic'; ca-and; misa-illusion; na-noi; iaila-so; ublaya-yul-wiil boil;
vyavaliiayc-loi oidinaiy aciiviiics; vilalpa-imaginaiion; isiial-dcsiicd; andla-ol
ilc blind; paiampaiaya-by ilc disciplic succcssion; bliamayaii-bcwildcis; blaiaii-
woids; ia-ilcy; uiu-viiiiblil-wiil claboiaic aciiviiics; ulila-jadan-dullcd by
iiiuals.
"Oui dcai Loid, ilcic aic iwo classcs ol iiansccndcnialisis: ilc pcisonalisis and
impcisonalisis. Tlc opinion ol ilc impcisonalisis is ilai ilis maiciial
manilcsiaiion is lalsc and ilai only ilc Absoluic Tiuil is laciual. Tlc
impcisonalisis aic callcd andla-paiampaia, oi blind lollowcis ol ilc Vcdic
iiiualisiic ccicmonics."¯
Tcxi +
idam visvam dlaimi. sad iii sadlyc dlaimal. saia uipannaivai. yad yaia
uipannam iai llalu iad-aimalam cva disiam. yaila lanalad uipannam
lundaladilam iad-aimalam. iadvai. aiioiiliiam cva. na iu saliau iajaiam iva
iaiiaiopiiam iii siddlaniinal sva-maiam anudiiam. naivciy alul nanu iaila-laiam
iii. apadana-niidcscna blcda-piaiïici viiuddla-lciuivai.
idam-ilis; visvam-univcisc; dlaimi-ilc posscsoi ol qualiiics; sai-ical; iii-ilus;
sadlyc-io bc aiiaincd; dlaimal-qualiiy; saia-liom ilc ical; uipannaivai-bccausc ol
bcing manilcsicd; yai-wlai; yaia-liom wlicl; uipannam-manilcsicd; iai-ilai;
llalu-indccd; iad-aimalam-ilc naiuic ol ilai; cva-indccd; disiam-sccn; yaila-as;
lanalai-liom gold; uipannam-manilcsicd; lundaladilam-bcginning wiil caiiings;
iad-aimalam-ilc naiuic ol ilai; iadvai-ilcn; aiia-lcic; uiiliiam-manilcsicd; cva-
indccd; na-noi; iu-bui; saliau-in ilc poicncy; iajaiam-silvci; iva-lilc; iaiia-ilcic;
aiopiiam-imagincd; iii-ilus; siddlaniinal-ilcy wlo lnow ilc conclusion; sva-
maiam-in ilcii own opinion; anudiiam-noi said; na-noi; cva-indccd; iii-ilus;
alul-said; nanu-indcd; iaila-laiam-dcsiioycd by logic; iii-ilus; apadana-
niidcscna-by ilc usc ol ilc ablaiivc casc; blcda-piaiïicl-ol dillcicncc; viiuddla-
lciuivai-bccausc ol icluiaiion.
Hcic ilc woid "idam" iclcis io ilc maiciial univcisc, ilc posscssoi ol qualiiics,
and "sai" iclcis io ilc supicmc goal, ilc linal icsiing placc. "Saial" mcans
"manilcsicd liom ilc sai". Wlcn onc iling is manilcsicd liom anoilci, ilc
manilcsicd inlciiis somciling ol ilc naiuic ol ilc manilcsioi. Tlcicloic, wlcn
ilcy aic laslioncd liom gold, caiiings and oilci oinamcnis iciain gold as ilcii
ingicdicni. Sucl goldcn oinamcnis aic noi lilc ilc silvci imagincd io bc visiblc on
ilc suilacc ol a scaslcll, loi ilai gliiiciing is noi ically silvci. Tlc impicssion ilai
ii is silvci is a misialc. Tlc impcisonalisis claim ilai ilc maiciial woild is an
illusion, lilc ilai imagincd silvci on ilc scaslcll's suilacc. Tlis idca is icluicd in
ilis vcisc by ilc woids "nanu iaila-laiam" (Indccd, ilai idca is noi logical). Hcic
ilc ablaiivc causc is uscd io icluic ilc idca ilai ilc manilcsicd maiciial woild is
dillcicni liom iis souicc.
Tcxi 5
nanu nablcdam sadlayamal. liniu iaia uipannaivcna lundaladi-vad blcdam
anudya piaiiscdlamal. iaiiablcda cva syad iiy asanlyanailaniilaivcna lcium
dusayanii vyablicaiaii lva ca iii. lva ca luiiapi laiana-dlaimanugaiii
vyablicaiaii. laiyam laiana-dlaimasya saivamscnaivanugaiam blavaiïii niyamo
na vidyaia iiy aiilal. dalanady-udblavc piabladau dalalaivadi-dlaimadaisanad
iii blaval.
nanu-indccd; na-noi; ablcdam-non-dillcicni; sadlayamal-wc piovc; liniu-
lowcvci; iaia-liopm ilai; uipannaivcna-bccausc ol bcing manilcsicd; lundaladi-
vai-lilc ilosc ilings ilai bcgin wiil caiiings; blcdam-dillcicncc; anudya-noi
saying; piaiiscdlamal-wc icluic; iaiia-ilcic; ablcda-noi dillcicni; cva-indccd;
syai-is; iii-ilus; asanlya-doubiing; anailaniilaivcna-bccausc ol noi bcing onc;
lcium-ilc icason; dusayanii-icluics; vyablicaiaii-is inconsisicni; lva-wlcic'; ca-
and; iii-ilus; lva-wlcic'; ca-and; luiiapi-somcwlcic; laiana-dlaimanugaiil-
lollowing ilc naiuic ol ilc causc; vyablicaiaii-is inconsisicni; laiyam-ilc cllcci;
laiana-dlaimasya-ol ilc naiuic ol ilc causc; saiva-all; amscna-by a paii; cva-
indccd; anugaiam-lollowcd; blavaii-is; iii-ilus; niyamal-icsiiaini; na-noi; vidyaia-
is; iii-ilus; aiilal-ilc mcaning; dalanady-udblavc-in ilc maniolcsiaiion ol liic
and oilci ilings; piabla-ligli; adau-bcginning; dalalaiva-ilc siaic ol buining;
adi-bcginning wiil; dlaima-naiuic; adaisanai-liom noi scing; iii-ilus; blaval-ilc
mcaning.
Tlc woid "nanu" mcans "Hcic somconc may pioicsi: Wc alliim ilai ilcy aic
noi dillcicni. Wc say ilai caiiings and oilci oinamcnis madc ol gold aic noi
dillcicni liom gold.' Icaiing ilai somconc will usc ilis cxamplc io piovc ilai all
cxisicncc is in all icspcci idcniical wiil ilc Supicmc, ilc auiloi ol ilis Siïmad-
llagavaiam vcisc spcals ilc woids vyablicaiaii lva ca" (ilis idca is
inconsisicni). Hcic ilc woids "lva ca" mcan "in somc ciicumsianccs ilis idca is
noi conliimcd by ilc iiuil aboui ilc causc, loi ilc cllcci is a paii ol ilc causc."
ilcicloic ilc idca ol oncncss is noi iiuc. Hcic ilc cxamplc may bc givcn ilai ligli
and oilci qualiiics ol liic aic noi idcniical wiil liic iiscll. Tlis is cxplaincd in ilc
lollowing woids ol Siï Visnu Puiana (1.22.53-55):
Tcxi 6
dvc iupc bialmanas iasya
muiiam camuiiam cva ca
lsaialsaia-svaiupc ic
saiva-bluicsv avasiliic
alsaiam iai paiam bialma
lsaiam saivam idam jagai
iiy ady aniaiam.
dvc-iwp; iupc-loims; bialmanal-ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad;
iasya-ol Him; muiiam-ilc loim; ca-and; amuiiam-wiiloui a loim; cva-indccd; ca-
and; lsaia-iicmpoiaiy; alsaia-cicinal; svaiupc-loims; ic-ilcy; saiva-bluicsv-in all
living cniiiics; avasiliic-siiuaicd; alsaiam-cicinal; iai-ilai; paiam-Supicmc;
bialma-lialman; lsaiam-icmpoiaiy; saivam-all; idam-ilis; jagai-maiciial
univcisc; iii-ilus; adi-bcginning; aniaiam-cnding.
"Tlc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad las iwo naiuics. Onc naiuic las a loim,
and ilc oilci naiuic is loimlcss. Onc naiuic is icmpoiaiy and ilc oilci is cicinal.
Tlc cicinal naiuic is ilc Supicmc lialman, and ilc icmpoiaiy naiuic is ilc
maiciial woild.
Tcxi 7
cla-dcsa-siliiasyagnci
jyoisna visiaiinï yaila
paiasya bialmanal saliis
iailcdam allilam jagai
cla-dcsa-in onc placc; siliiasya-bcing siiuaicd; agncl-ol liic; jyoisna-ilc
illuminaiion; visiaiinï-cxpandcd cvciywlcic; yaila-jusi as; paiasya-ol ilc
Supicmc; bialmanal-ol ilc Absoluic Tiuil; saliil-ilc cncigy; iaila-similaiy;
idam-ilis; allilam-cniiic; jagai-univcisc.
"Jusi as ilc illuminaiion ol a liic, wlicl is siiuaicd in onc placc, is spicad all
ovci, ilc cncigics ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad, Paiabialman, aic
spicad all ovci ilis univcisc."¯
Tcxi S
iiy ciad cvam vyallyaiam siï-svamiblii cva siï-visnu-puianc nanv alsaiasya
paia-bialmanas iad-vilalsanam lsaia-iupam lailam syad iiy asanlya
disianicnopapadayaii cla-dcscii. piadcsilasyapy agnci dïpadci dalalasyapi iad-
vilalsana jyoisna piabla yaila iai-pialasa-visiaias iaila bialmanal salii-liia-
visiaia idam allilam jagai. iii.
iii-ilus; ciai-ilis; cvam-ilus; vyallyaiam-cxplaincd; siï-svamiblil-by Siïla
Siidlaia Svami; cva-indccd; siï-visnu-puianc-in Siï Visnu Puiana; nanv-indccd;
alsaiasya-ol ilc cicinal; paia-bialmanal-Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; iad-
vilalsanam-dillcicni liom Him; lsaia-iupam-ilc icmpoiaiy loim; lailam-low';
syai-may bc; iii-ilus; asanlya-doubiing; disianicna-wiil an cxamplc; upapadayaii-
cxplains; cla-dcscii-ilc vcisc bcginnign wiil ilc woids cla-dcsa; piadcsilasya-ol
onc placc; api-cvcn; agncl-ol a liic; dïpadcl-bcginning wiil a lamp; dalalasya-
buining; api-also; iad-vilalsana-dillcicni liom ilai; jyoisna-ligli; piabla-ligli;
yaila-as; iai-pialasa-visiaial-ilc ligli spicad all ovci; iaila-so; bialmanal-ol ilc
Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; salii-liia-visiaia-cxpandcd poicncics; idam-ilis;
allilam-nciiic; jagai-univcisc; iii-ilus.
Siïla Siïdlaia Svamï commcnis:
"Hcic somconc may pioicsi: How is ii possiblc ilai ilc icmpoiaiy maiciial
woild, wlicl is ilc icmpoiaiy loim ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad, bc in
any way dillcicni liom ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad Himscll'' Icaiing ilai
somconc would pioicsi in ilis way, in ilis vcisc ilc auiloi givcs an cxamplc io
cxplain ilc iiuil. Hc says: A lamp oi oilci llamc may siay in onc placc, and iis
cncigy, in ilc loim ol ligli, is spicad in all diicciions. Tlc ligli is, in onc scnsc,
cciiainly dillcicni liom ilc liic iiscll. In ilis samc way, ilc cniiic maiciial woild,
wlicl is manilcsicd liom ilc Supicmc Loid's poicncy, is dillcicni liom ilc
Supicmc Loid Himscll'."
Tcxi 9
pialiiam anusaiamal. nanu iaili vyablicaiiivc sulii-iajaia-vad cvasiu. iaiiala
lva ca misa iii. lva ca saliy-adav cva piaiïiila-maiia-saiialam iajaiadilam misa.
anyaiia yaiia ublayam piaiïiim aiila-liiya-laiiivam yunalii blajaic. iaiia na
iaila miscii.
pialiiam-ilc oiiginal iopic; anusaiamal-wc now iciuin; nanu-is ii noi so';
iaili-ilcn; vyablicaiiivc-as a iiansloimaiion; sulii-iajaia-vai-lilc a scaslcll and
silvci; cva-indccd; asiu-is; iaiia-ilcic; ala-said; lva ca misa iii-lva ca misa; lva ca-
somcwlcic; saliy-adav-bcginning wiil ilc poicncy; cva-indccd; piaiïiila-maiia-
saiialam-ilc icaliiy is acccpicd; iajaiadilam-bcginning wiil silvci; misa-illusion;
anyaiia-in anoilci placc; yaiia-wlcic; ublayam-boil; piaiïiim-acccpiancc; aiila-
liiya-laiiivam-doingilc mcaning; yunalii-cngagcs; blajaic-cngagcs; iaiia-ilcic;
na-noi; iaila-so; misa-lalsc; iii-ilus.
Now wc will iciuin io ilc oiiginal iopic ol ilis discussion. Hcic somconc may
pioicsi: "Is ii noi so ilai ilc maiciial woild is an illusion, lilc ilc illusion ol silvci
ilan sccms io gliiici on a scaslcll'" To ilis pioicsi ilc Siïmad-llagavaiam icplics
wiil ilc woids "lva ca misa" (liom onc poini ol vicw ii is an illusion). Alilougl
ilc gliiiciing on ilc scaslcll is noi silvci, ii is noi noiling. Ii is somciling clsc.
Tlcicloic ii is noi non-cxisicni (misa).
Tcxi 10
nanu luiaiamiiladisv aiila-liiya-laiiiapi disyaic. iiy asanlyalul vyavaliiayc
iii. liaya-viliayadi-lalsana-vyavalaiayaiva vilalpo bliama isial. na iu iai-iai-
piasiddla-samyag-aiila-liiya-laiiiayai. iad-danadau yaila-vai punya-plaladilam
na blavaiïii.
nanu-is ii noi so'; luia-lalsc; iamiila-madc ol coppci; adisv-bcginning wiil;
aiila-liiya-laiiia-laving ilc mcaning; api-also; disyaic-is sccn; iii-ilus; asanlya-
lcaiing; alul-said; vyavaliiayc-viavaliiayc; iii-ilus; liaya-viliayadi-lalsana-
claiaciciizcd by buying and sclling; vyavalaiaya-loi ilc oidinaiy aciiviiics; cva-
indccd; vilalpal-misialc; bliama-misialc; isial-dcsiicd; na-noi; iu-bui; iai-iai-
piasiddla-samyag-aiila-liiya-laiiiayai-loi laving ilc samc mcaning; iad-
danadau-bcginning wiil giving; yaila-vai-as; punya-ol pious dccds; plala-icsulis;
adilambcginning wiil; na-noi; blavaii-is; iii-ilus.
Hcic somconc may again pioicsi: "Tlc maiciial woild is unical. As a lcss-
valuablc poi, noi madc ol coppci, is lalscly claimcd io bc madc ol coppci, so ilc
maiciial woild is lalscly claimcd io bc ical." To ilis pioicsi ilc Siïmad-
llagavaiam icplics wiil ilc woid "vyavaliiayc" (in oidinaiy aciiviiics). Tlis
mcans ilai in ilc mailciplacc a mciclani may misicpicscni ilc naiuic ol ilc poi,
bui ilai docs noi mcan ilai ilc poi docs noi cxisi. Ol couisc, ilc mciclani will
noi gain ilc bcncliis ol pious dccds by clcaiing in ilai way.
Tcxi 11
iaila suniliiaya piallyapiiam visa-gianily-adilam liïiva sunili-jnancna
blalsiiam api naiogya-janalam. piaiyuia maialam cvcii. iasmai iai-iai-piasiddla-
samyag-aiila-liiya-laiiiayaiva jagaial saiyaivam angii-liiyaic. clangcna sa luia-
saipadau blayadi-iupa iv asiy cvcii. na iu iad-dlciol.
iaila-so; suniliiaya-sunii; piallyapiiam-callcd; visa-gianily-adilam-bcginning
wiil poison; liïiva-puiclasing; sunili-jnancna-wiiloui lnowlcdgc ol sunii;
blalsiiam-caicn; api-cvcn; na-noi; aiogya-janalam-ilc causc ol good lcalil;.
piaiyuia-on ilc coniiaiy; maialam-dcail; cva-indccd; iii-ilus; iasmai-ilcicloic;
iai-iai-piasiddla-samyag-aiila-liiya-laiiiaya-loi ilai icason; cva-indccd; jagaial-
ol ilc maiciial coild; saiyaivam-icaliiy; angii-liiyaic-is acccpicd; clangcna-by onc
paii; sa-ilai; luia-lalsc; saipa-snalc; adau-bcginning; blaya-lcai; adi-bcginning;
iupa-loim; iv-indccd; asii-is; cva-indccd; iii-ilus; na-noi; iu-bui; iad-dlciol-ilc
icason loi ilai.
Il by misialc onc puiclascs ilc poison namcd sunilï and ilcn, noi lnowing iis
iiuc naiuic cais ilai poison, onc will noi icmain lcalily. Hc will cciiainly dic.
ilcicloic io bc in illusion aboui ilc iiuc naiuic ol somciling docs noi mcan ilai
ilc iling in qucsiion ccascs io cxisi oi loscs iis aciual idcniiiy. Tlcicloic all ilc
cxamplcs ol misialing onc iling loi anoilci do noi piovc ilai ilc maiciial woild
is noi ical. Tlc maiciial woild is cciiainly ical. Onc cxamplc ol ilis is ilc sioiy ol
a pcison's bccoming liiglicncd by misialing a iopc loi a snalc. Tlc cxplanaiions
givcn abovc slow ilai ilis cxamplc docs noi piovc ilai ilc maiciial woild is noi
ical.
Tcxi 12
lim ca andla-paiampaiaycii sa ca liaya-viliayadi-lalsana-vyavalaio 'pi. na iu
yailaiilaiamiilasycva iad-vyavalaia-lusalcsv api. liniv andla-paiampaiayaiva.
lim ca-luiilcimoic; andla-paiampaiaycii-by ilc woid andla-paiampaiaya; sa-
ilai; ca-and; liaya-viliayadi-lalsana-ilc cxamplc ol buying and sclling;
vyavalaial-maiciial aciions; 'pi-also; na-noi; iu-bui; yailaiilaiamiilasycva-as;
iad-vyavalaia-ilosc oidinaiy aciions; lusalcsv-in auspiciousncss; api-also; liniv-
lowcvci; andla-paiampaiaya-by ilc blind paiampaia; cva-indccd.
Hcic ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad vcisc uscs ilc woid "andla-
paiampaiaya" (ilc disciplic succcssion ol blind icaclcis). Sucl pcisons cannoi
undcisiand ilc cxamplcs ol oidinaiy aciiviiics ol ilc mailciplacc (vyavaliiayc)
sucl as ilc cxamplc ol ilc coppci poi. Tlcicloic ilcsc pcisons aic said io bc
blind.
Tcxi 13
aias iaiia iadïya-lusalcsv asiddlaivcna vyavalaiasyablasa-maiiaivai iasmad
anyaila nanumcyam. dlumablasc li valni-vyablicaiasyauciiyam cvcii blaval.
iad cvam aiila-liiya-laiiivcnasiy cvciaiasya bliama-vasiu-vailalsanyai saiyaivam
iii vivaiia-vadini niiasic punai anasvaia-vadi piaiy uiiisilaic.
aial-ilcn; iaiia-ilcic; iadïya-lusalcsv-in ilcsc auspicious ilings; asiddlaivcna-
bccausc ol noi bcing piovcn; vyavalaiasya-ol oidinaiy aciiviiics; ablasa-icllcciion;
maiiaivai-only; iasmai-liom ilai; anyaila-oilciwisc; na-noi; anumcyam-io bc
undcisiood; dluma-ol smolc; ablasc-ilc sladow; li-indccd; valni-ol liic;
vyablicaiasya-ol ilc iiansloimaiion; auciiyam-suiiablcncss; cva-indccd; iii-ilus;
blaval-ilc cmaing; iai-ilai; cvam-ilus; aiila-liiya-laiiivcna-by ilc piopci
mcaning; asii-is; cva-indccd; iiaiasya-ol anoilci; bliama-cioi; vasiu-iling;
vailalsanyai-bccausc ol dillcicncc; saiyaivam-icaliiy; iii-ilus; vivaiia-vadini-ilc
ilcoiy ol iiansloimaiion; niiasic-icluicd; punal-again; anasvaia-vadi-ilc ilcoiy ol
ciciniiy; piaii-io; uiiisilaic-iiscs.
Tlcicloic, onc slould noi inicipici ilcsc cxamplcs in any oilci way. Tlc
iclaiionslip bciwccn smolc and liic is ilai smolc is pioduccd by liic. Tlai is ilc
piopci undcisianding. In ilai was onc slould undcisiand ilai ilc maiciial woild
is ical, loi ii was cicaicd by ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad. In ilis way ilc
impcisonalisis' ilcoiy ol iiansloimaiion is icjccicd, and ilc iiuil, ilai ilc
Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad is cicinal and unclanging, is csiablislcd.
Tcxi 1+
nanu apama somam amiia abluma. alsayyam la vai caiuimasya-yajinal
suliiam blavaii iii siuiyaiva laima-plalasya niiyaiva-piaiipadanan nasvaiaivam
na glaiaia iiy asanlyalul bliamayaii iii.
nanu-is ii noi so; apama-wc lavc diunl; somam-soma; amiia-immoiial;
abluma-wc bccamc; alsayyam-immoiialiiy; la-indccd; vai-indccd; caiuimasya-
yajinal-obsciviln Caiuimasya; suliiam-piciy; blavaii-aiiain; iii-ilus; siuiya-by
icl Siuii-sasiia; cva-indccd; laima-plalasya-ilc icsuli ol pious dccds; niiyaiva-
cicinaliiy; piaiipadanan-liom ilc piool; nasvaiaivam-icmpoiaiincss; na-noi;
glaiaia-is; iii-ilus; asanlya-lcaiing; alul-ilcy say; bliamayaii iii-ilc woid
"bliamayaii".
Hcic somconc may pioicsi: "ilc Siuii-sasiias (Rg Vcda S.+S.3) dcclaic:
"Wc lavc diunl soma, and now wc aic immoiial. ly obsciving Caiuimasya wc
aiiaincd cicinal piciy.
In ilis way ilc Siuii-sasiias alliim ilai maiciial pious dccds biing icsulis ilai
aic cicinal. Tlc icsulis ilcy biing aic noi icmpoiaiy."
Icaiing ilai somconc would pioicsi in ilis way, ilc Siïmad-llagavaiam vcisc
icplics wiil ilc woid "bliamayaii" (sucl pcisons aic bcwildcicd).
Tcxi 15
lc blagavan ic iava blaiaiï uiu-viiiiblii balvïblii gauna-lalsanadiblii
viiiiblil. ulila-jadan. ulilani yajnc sasyanic. iaiia jadal laima-siaddla-
blaialiania-manda-maiaya iiy aiilal. ian bliamayaii.
lc-O; blagavan-Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; ic-ol You; iava-ol You;
blaiaiï-woids; uiu-viiiiblil-wiil gicai aciions; balvïblil-wiil many; gauna-
lalsanadiblil-diicci and indiicci; viiiiblil-wiil aciions; ulila-jadan-ulila-
jadan; ulilani-Vcdic lymns; yajnc-in yajna; sasyanic-icciicd; iaiia-ilcic; jadal-
dull; laima-in liuiiivc aciions; siaddla-laiil; blaia-gicai; aliania-ovcicomc;
manda-slow; maiaya-iniclligcncc; iii-ilus; aiilal-ilc mcaning; ian-ilcm;
bliamayaii-bcwildcis
Hcic ilc woids "ic blaiaiï uiu-viiiiblii ulila-jadan bliamayaii" mcan "O
Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad, lillcd wiil many diicci and indiicci mcanings,
Youi woids bcwildci ilc pcisons wlo lavc bccomc lccblc-mindcd by ilcii gicai
laiil in ilc liuiiivc aciions dcsciibcd in ilc Vcdas."
Tcxi 16
ayam blaval. na li vcdal laima-plalam niiyam ablipiaiii. linio lalsanaya
piasasiya-maiiam. anycsam valyanam vidly cla-valyaivcna vidlav cva iaipaiyai.
anyaila valya-blcda-piasangal. iad yaila ila laima-jiio lolal lsiyaic. cvam
cvamuiia punya-jiio lolal lsiyaic iii nyayopabimliia-siuiy-aniaia-vibodlas ca.
ayam-ilis; blaval-ilc mcaning; na-noi; li-indccd; vcdal-ilc Vcda; laima-
plalam-ilc liuiis ol aciion; niiyam-always; ablipiaiii-inicnds; linial-lowcvci;
lalsanaya-wiil mcaning; piasasiya-maiiam-only piaisc; anycsam-ol oilcis;
valyanam-woids; vidli-plcasc lnow; cla-valyaivcna-wiil onc siaicmcni; vidlav-
in ilc iulc; cva-indccd; iaipaiyai-liom ilc mcaning; anyaila-oilciwisc; valya-
blcda-piasangal-dillcicncc ol siaicmcnis; iai-ilai; yaila-as; ila-lcic; laima-jiial-
conqucicd by laima; lolal-ilc woild; lsiyaic-is dcsiioycd; cvam-ilus; cva-indccd;
amuiia-in ilc ncxi lilc; punya-jiial-conqucicd by pious dccds; lolal-ilc woild;
lsiyaic-is dcsiioycd; iii -ilus; nyaya-by an cxamplc; upabimliia-coiioboiaicd;
siuii-Siuii; aniaia-anoilci; vibodlal-lnowlccdgc; ca-also.
Hcic is ilc mcaning: Tlc Vcdas do noi always piaisc ilc icsulis aiiaincd by
liuiiivc aciiviiics. Somciimcs ilc iulcs and icgulaiions loi liuiiivc aciiviiics aic
dcsciibcd, and somciimcs ilc icsulis ol liuiiivc aciiviiics aic ciiiicizcd. Ioi
cxamplc, in ilc Clandogya Upanisad (S.1.6) ii is said:
"ly pciloiming liuiiivc dccds onc may cnici ilc liglci maiciial woilds, bui
ilcn again lc musi also lall liom ilosc woilds. ly pciloiming pious dccds onc
may, in ilc ncxi lilc, cnici ilc liglci maiciial woilds, bui ilcn again lc musi also
lall liom ilosc woilds."
Tcxi 17
aial laima-jadanam idam bliama-maiiam. jagai iu saiyam api paiinama-
dlaimaivcna nasvaiam cvcii. iad uliam blaiicnaiva ailavciilasa-puiana-
piamanyai sisii-pialayav apïsyaic iii.
aial-ilcn; laima-jadanam-dullcd by laima; idam-ilis; bliama-maiiam-only an
illusion; jagai-univcisc; iu-bui; saiyam-ical; api-also; paiinama-dlaimaivcna-wiil
ilc naiuic ol iiansloimaiion; nasvaiam-icmpoiaiy; cva-indccd; iii-ilus; iai-ilai;
uliam-said; blaiicna-by Siï Kumaiila llaiia; cva-indccd; ailava-oi; iiilasa-
puiana-piamanyai-by ilc cvidcncc ol ilc Puianas and Iiilasas; sisii-pialayau-
cicaiion and dcsiiuciion; api-also; isyaic-is manilcsicd; iii-ilus.
In ilis way pcisons wlosc iniclligcncc las bccomc dullcd by liuiiivc aciiviiics
aic bcwildcicd. Tlc iiuil is ilai ilc maiciial woild is ical, alilougl, bccausc ii is
always in llux, ii is considcicd icmpoiaiy. Tlis is conliimcd by ilc lollowing
woids ol Siï Kumaiila llaiia:
"Accoiding io ilc Puianas and Iiilasas, ilc maiciial univciscs aic again and
again cicaicd and dcsiioycd."
Tcxi 1S
ailava nablcdam sadlayama iiy adilam asanlya piasiddlasya saiia-iiayasya
miilo vailalsanyad ablcdam paiilaianii. lva ca glaiadau aiila-liiya-laiiny api
vyablicaiaii saiicii scsal. vasiv aniaiasyaiila-liiya-laiiiayam asmaiilyai
dcsaniaic svayam avidyamanaivai lalaniaic iiioblaviivac ca.
ailava-oi; na-noi; ablcdam-non-dillcicni; sadlayama-wc cxplain; iii-ilus;
adilam-bcginning; asanlya-lcaiing; piasiddlasya-csiablislcd; saiia-cxisicncc;
iiayasya-ilicc; miilal-muiual; vailalsanyai-bccauscw ol bcing dillcicni; ablcdam-
noi dillcicni; paiilaianii-icluics; lva ca-somcwlcic; glaiadau-bcginning wiil a
poi; aiila-liiya-laiini-loi ilc mcaning ol ilc woids; api-also; vyablicaiaii-is
iiansloimcd; saiia-cxisicncc; iii-ilus; scsal-ilcn icmaindci; vasiv-iling; aniaiasya-
ol anoilci; aiila-liiya-laiiiayam-in ilc mcaning lo ilc woids; asmaiilyai-bccausc
ol abiliiy; dcsaniaic-in anoilci pl;acc; svayam-pcisopnally; avidyamanaivai-
bccausc ol noi bcing; lalaniaic-in anoilci iimc; iiioblaviivac-bccausc ol
disappcaiancc; ca-also.
Hcic somconc may pioicsi: "Tlcicloic wc say ilai ilc maiciial woild is noi
dillcicni liom ilc Supicmc". Icaiing ilai somconc migli malc ilis claim, ilis
vcisc ol Siïmad-llagavaiam alliims ilai ilc ilicc cxisicnccs (ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad, ilc individual spiiii souls, and ilc cxicinal maiciial
cncigy) aic dillcicni liom cacl oilci. In ilis way ilc idca ilai ilcy aic noi
dillcicni is icluicd. Tlis is alliimcd lcic by ilc woids "lva ca vyablicaiaii", wlicl
mcan ilai a clay poi oi oilci maiciial objcci is limiicd in iis cxisicncc. Tlus ilc
clay poi may cxisi in onc placc, bui ii docs noi cxisi in all placcs. Ii may cxisi ai
onc poini in iimc, bui in anoilci poini in iimc ii will lavc vanislcd.
Tcxi 19
lva ca sulii-iajaiadau iaiiapi iadanïm api misa. aiila-liiya-laiiivablavai. ya
iublaya-yul ublayaiia glaiadi-saiiayam sulii-iajaiadi-saiiayam yug yogo yasyal.
sa sa labdla-pada blavaiïiy aiilal.
lva ca-somcwlcic; sulii-iajaiadau-bcginning wiil a scaslcll and silvci; iaiiapi-
siill; iadanïm-ilcn; api-also; misa-lalsc; aiila-liiya-laiiiva-ilc mcaning ol woids;
ablavai-bccausc ol ilc abscncc; ya-wlo; iu-bui; ublaya-yul-wiil boil; ublayaiia-
in boil placcs; glaiadi-bcginnign wiil pois; saiiayam-in cxisicncc; sulii-iajaiadi-
saiiayam-ilc cxisicncc ol ilinsg ilai bcgin wiil ilc silvci ol scaslclls; yug-
cldowcd; yogal-cndowcd; yasyal-ol wlicl; sa-ilai; sa-ilai; labdla-obiaincd;
pada-condiiion; blavaii-is; iii-ilus; aiilal-ilc mcaning.
In addiiion io ilcsc ilings, ilcic aic ilings ilai aic aciually illusions (misa).
An cxamplc ol an illusion is ilc silvci ilai sccms io cxisi on ilc suilacc ol a
scaslcll. In ilis way ilc maiciial woild consisis ol boil ilings (ublaya-yul): 1.
icaliiics, sucl as ilc clay poi and oilci lilc ilings, and 2. illusions, sucl as ilc
silvci ilai sccms io cxisi on ilc suilacc ol a scaslcll.
Tcxi 20
sa paiama-laiana-saiia na iaila liniu saivaiiapi saivadapi iai-iad-upadly-
anuiupa-saivaiila-liiyady-adlisilana-iupciy aiilal. iasmad aiila-liiya-laiiivcna
saiyam api paiinaiaivcna glaiavan nasvaiam cva jagai. na piaiïii-maiia-saiialam.
na canasvaia-saiialam iii paiaspaia-vailalsanya-daisanai lailam clam anyad
blaviium ailaiïii blaval.
sa-ilai; paiama-laiana-saiia-ilc cxisicncc ol ilc supicmc causc; na-noi; iaila-
so; liniu-lowcvci; saivaiia-cvciywlcic; api-also; saivada-always; api-also; iai-iad-
upadly-anuiupa-saivaiila-liiyady-adlisilana-iupa-ilc loim ol ilc icsiing placc
ol ilc vaiious manilcsiaiions; iii-ilus; aiilal-ilc mcaning; iasmai-liom ilai;
aiila-liiya-laiiivcna-by ilc mcanign ol woids; saiyam-iiuil; api-also;
paiinaiaivcna-by bcing iiansloimcd; glaiavai-lilc a poi; nasvaiam-icmpoiaiy; cva-
indccd; jagai-ilc maiciial univcisc; na-noi; piaiïii-maiia-saiialam-cxisicncc ilai
dcpcnds only on bclicl; na-noi; ca-and; anasvaia-icmpoiaiy; saiialam-cxisicncc;
iii-ilus; paiaspaia-muiual; vailalsanya-dillcicncc; daisanai-bccausc ol ilc
icvclaiion; lailam-low'; clam-onc; anyai-anoilci; blaviium-io bc; ailaii-is ablc;
iii-ilus; blaval-ilc mcaning.
Howcvci, ilc piimc causc ol all causcs is noi lilc ilcsc iwo (ilc limiicd
icaliiics and ilc illusions), loi ilc piimc causc cxisis always and cvciywlcic.
Tlcicloic 1. ilc maiciial woild, lilc ilc clay poi dcsciibcd bcloic, is considcicd
icmpoiaiy bccausc ii is always in llux, 2. vaiious illusions cxisi only bccausc
pcoplc misialcnly bclicvc ilcm, and 3. ilc piimc causc is cicinal and unclanging.
How is ii possiblc io say ilai ilcsc ilicc aic idcniical and noi ai all dillcicni liom
cacl oilci'
Tcxi 21
luia-iamiilaivam asanlyala vyavaliiayc iii. vilalpyaic anyaiiaiopya iii
vilalpal. svaial-siddlas iamiiladii aiilal. sa cva vyavaliiayc ïsiial.
luia-iamiilaivam-ilc lalsc coppci poi; asanlya-lcaiing; ala-said; vyavaliiayc-
vyavaliiayc; iii-ilus; vilalpyaic-is imagincd; anyaiia-in anoilc iplacc; aiopya-
aiopya; iii-ilus; vilalpal-imagincd; svaial-siddlal-scll-sullicicnmi; iamiiladil-
bcginning wiil ilc coppci poi; aiilal-ilc mcaning; sa-ilai; cva-indccd;
vyavaliiayc-vyavaliiayc; isiial-is givcn.
Icaiing ilai somconc may biing up ilc cxamplc ol ilc picicndcd coppci poi,
ilc Siïmad-llagavaiam spcals ilc woid vyavaliiayc". Hcic ilc woid "vilalpal"
mcans imagining ilc qualiiics ol onc iling io bc picscni in anoilci". In ilis way
ilc woid "vyavaliiayc" is uscd.
Tcxi 22
ayam aiilal. aiia luia-iamiilcna yam vyavalaiam manyasc. so 'pi na icna
sidlyaii. lim iaili saiyaiamiilcnaiva. aiilaniaiam vyavalaiiui lidi iasyaiva
piaiyalsaivai. luiaiamiilam aiiopalalsanam cva. lvacii iam vinapi iava gilc
iamiilo daiia iii pascad daiavya iii va clala-piayogc smaiyam.ancnapi icna iaila
vyavalaia-siddlal.
ayam-ilis; aiilal-ilc mcaning; aiia-lcic; luia-iamiilcna-in ilc picicndcd
coppci poi; yam-wlicl; vyavalaiam-oidinaiy aciiviiy; manyasc-you ilinl; sal-
ilai; api-also; na-noi; icna-by ilai; sidlyaii-is complcicd; lim-wlai'; iaili-ilcn;
saiyaiamiilcna-wiil a gcnuinc coppci poi; cva-indccd; aiilaniaiam-anoilci
mcaning; vyavalaiiul-ol ilc mciclani; lidi-in ilc lcaii; iasya-ol lim; cva-indccd;
piaiyalsaivai-bccausc ol bcing picscni bcloic ilc scnscs; luiaiamiilam-a lalsc
coppci poi; aiia-lcic; upalalsanam-implicaiion; cva-indccd; lvacii-in onc placc;
iam-ilai; vina-wiiloui; api-also; iava-ol you; gilc-in ilc lomc; iamiilal-coppci;
daiia-givcn; iii-ilus; pascai-alici; daiavya-io bc givcn; iii-ilus; va-oi; clala-
piayogc-in clcaiing; smaiyam-io bc icmcm,bcicd;.ancna-by ilai api-also; icna-by
ilai; iaila-so; vyavalaia-siddlal-oidinaiy aciiviiy.
Hcic is ilc mcaning. Il ilc mciclani ilinls a lalsc-coppci poi is iiuly madc ol
coppci and lc las noi ilc sliglicsi inlling ilai ilc poi is noi gcnuinc coppci, and
lc ilinls ilai ilc cusiomci las ialcn lomc a gcnuinc coppci poi, ilcn ilc
mciclani las noi clcaicd ilc cusiomci. Tlc mciclani musi bc awaic ilai lc is
clcaiing loi ilcic io bc a ciimc on lis paii.
Tcxi 23
iasmad vyavalaia-iupapy aiila-liiya-laiiia iasyaiva blavaiïii sa saiya cva.
anyaila saiyasya iamiilasyablavc saiam apy andlanam na pasyaiïii nyaycna luia-
iamiila-paiampaiayapi vyavalaio 'pi na sidlycd iiy alul andla-paiampaiaycii.
andla-paiampaia-dosai sa cva vyavaliiaya isiia iiy anvayal. yailandla-
paiampaiaya vyavalaio na sidlyci. iaila luia-iamiila-paiampaiayapiiy aiilal.
iasmai-ilcicloic; vyavalaia-iupa-oidinaiy aciiviiics; api-also; aiila-liiya-
laiiia-ilc mcaning lo ilc woids; iasya-ol ilai; cva-indccd; blavaii-is; iii-ilus; sa-
ilai; saiya-iiuc; cva-indccd; anyaila-oilciwisc; saiyasya-ol iiuc; iamiilasya-
coppci; ablavc-in ilc abscncc; saiam-a lundicd; api-cvcn; andlanam-ol blind
mcn; na-noi; pasyaii-scc; iii-ilus; nyaycna-by ilc cxamplc; luia-iamiila-ol lalsc
coppci; paiampaiaya-by ilc disciplic succcssion; api-also; vyavalaial-oidinaiy
aciiviiy; api-also; na-noi; sidlyci-bccomcs complcicd; iii-ilus; alul-sadi; andla-
paiampaiaya iii-ilc woid "andla-paiampaiaya"; andla-paiampaia-dosai-bccausc
ol ilc dclcci ol ilc andla-paiampaia; sa-ilai; cva-indccd; vyavaliiaya-
vyavaliiayc; isiia-is aiiaincd; iii-ilus; anvayal-ilc mcaning; yaila-as; andla-
paiampaiaya-by ilc andla-paiampaia; vyavalaial-ocidinaiy aciiviiy; na-noi;
sidlyci-bccomcs complcicd; iaila-so; luia-iamiila-ilc lalsc coppci poi;
paiampaiaya-by ilc andla-paiampaia; iii-ilus; aiilal-ilc mcaning.
Lvcn a lundicd blind mcn cannoi scc wlcilci a poi is gcnuinc coppci oi noi.
Tlai is wly ilc woid "andla-paiampaiaya" (ilc disciplic succcssion ol blind mcn)
is uscd lcic. In ilis way ilis vcisc dcsciibcs ilc andla-paiampaia's lacl ol abiliiy
io lunciion in cvcn oidinaiy aciiviiics (vyavaliiayc). As ilc andla-paiampaia is
usclcss in pciloiming icgulai aciiviiics, so ilc luia-iamiila-paiampaia (disciplic
succcssion ol clcaicis) is also usclcss. Tlai is ilc mcaning.
Tcxi 2+
iiilam cva vijnana-vado 'pi niialiial. sanlaia-saiïialc 'pi. anadiivc 'py andla-
paiampaia-nyaycnapiaiisilav anavasila-vyavalaia-vilopini syan nablipiaya-
siddlii iiy uliva ciad uliam blavaii. yailcdam suvainam lcna liïiam iii piasnc
lascid ala ancnandlcncii. ancna lailam paiiciiam iii punai ala icnandlcna
paiicayiiam. icna ca lailam iiy ala lcnapy apaicnandlcnciy anda-paiampaiayapi
na siddlycd vyavalaial. liniu iaiiandla-paiampaiayam yady clo 'pi calsusmaia
saivadi-piavaiialo blavaii. iadaiva sidlyaii. yaila ca iaiia saivcsv api calsusmaia
cva vyavalaia-sadlalaivam. iaila lasmims cii-iamiilc piailamam saiyc saiy cva
vyavalaial sidlyaii. iaiia ca saiyasyaiva vyavalaia-sadlalaivam. iad-
anusandlancnaiva iaiia piaviiics calsusmaia iva piavaiialaivai iaias ca lascana
iamiilal saiya iii siliic. yaiia iad-vyavalaia-lusalail paiïlsaya saiyaiavagamyaic.
sa cva luia-iamiilc 'py aiopyamanal saiyo blavci. iad cvam aiila-liiya-laiiivcna
iasya saiyaivc iad-upalalsiiam visvam cva bliama-vasiu-vilalsanam saiyam iii
siddlam. paiamaimana cvavayaviiva-vyavalaia-sadlalaivcna sadliiaivad yuliam
cva iai.
iiilam-ilus; cva-indccd; vijnana-vadal-ilc ilcoiy ol ilc jnani plilosoplcis;
'pi-also; niialiial-icluicd; sanlaia-ol Sanlaiacaiya; saiïialc-in ilc commcniaiy on
Vcdania-suiia; 'pi-cvcn; anadiivc-wiiloui bcginning; 'pi-cvcn; andla-paiampaia-
nyaycna-by ilc cxamplc ol ilc blind paiampaia; apiaiisilau-in non-
csiablislmcni; anavasila-noi ilc suiiuaiion; vyavalaia-aciion; vilopini-wiiloui;
syan-is; na-noi; ablipiaya-undcisianding; siddlil-aiiainmcni; iii-ilus; uliva-ilc
mcaning; ciai-ilis; uliam-said; blavaii-is; yaila-as; idam-ilis; suvainam-gold;
lcna-by wlom; liïiam-puiclascd; iii-ilus; piasnc-in ilc qucsiion; lascii-
somconc; ala-said; ancna-by lim; andlcna- a blind man; iii-ilus; ancna-by lim;
lailam-low'; paiiciiam-sclccicd; iii-ilus; punal-again; ala-said; icna-by lim;
andlcna-ilc blind mman; paiicayiiam-undcisiood; icna-by lim; ca-and; lailam-
low'; iii-ilus; ala-said; lcnapi-by somconc; apaicna-by anoilci; andlcna-by a
albind man; iii-ilus; anda-paiampaiaya-by ilc paiampaia ol blind mcn; api-also;
na-noi; siddlyci-aiiaincd; vyavalaial-ilc aciiviiy; liniu-lowcvci; iaiia-ilcic;
andla-paiampaiayam-in ilc andla-paiampaia; yadi-is; clal-onc; 'pi-cvcn;
calsusmaia-laving cycs; saiva-all; adi-bcginning; piavaiialal-ilc piompici;
blavaii-is; iada-ilcn; cva-indccd; sidlyaii-is aiiaincd; yaila-as; ca-and; iaiia-ilcic;
saivcsv-in all; api-also; calsusmaia-laving cycs; cva-indccd; vyavalaia-
sadlalaivam-ilc siaic ol cngaging in ilc aciiviiy; iaila-so; lasmiml-in wlai'; cii-
iamiilc-in ilc ical coppci poi; piailamam-ilisi; saiyc-iiuil; saii-bcing so; cva-
indccd; vyavalaial-aciion; sidlyaii-is pcilccicd; iaiia-ilcic; ca-and; saiyasya-ol
ilic iiuil; cva-indccd; vyavalaia-sadlalaivam-ilc siaic ol bcing qualilicd io
pciloim ilc aciion; iad-anusandlancna-by puisuing ilai aciion; cva-indccd; iaiia-
ilcic; piaviiicl-ol ilc aciion; calsusmaia-laving cycs; iva-lilc; piavaiialaivai-
bccausc ol inspiiing; iaial-ilcn; ca-and; lascana-somconc; iamiilal-coppci; saiya-
iiuc; iii-ilus; siliic-siiuaicd; yaiia-wlcic; iad-vyavalaia-lusalail-wiil auspicious
in ilai aciion; paiïlsaya-by cxaminaiion; saiyaia-gcnuincncss; avagamyaic-is
undcisiood; sa-ilai; cva-indccd; luia-iamiilc-iiuc coppci; 'pi-also; aiopyamanal-
lalscly undcisianding; saiyal-iiuil; blavci-is; iai-ilai; cvam-ilus; aiila-liiya-
laiiivcna-ilc mcaning ol ilc woids; iasya-ol ilai; saiyaivc-in gcnuincncss; iai-
ilai; upalalsiiam-undcisiood; visvam-maiwciial univcisc; cva-indccd; bliama-
vasiu-vilalsanam-dillcicni liom an illusion; saiyam-iiuil; iii-ilus; siddlam-
piovcd; paiamaimana-by ilc Supcisoul; cva-indccd; avayaviiva-ilc wlolc;
vyavalaia-aciiviiy; sadlalaivcna-bccausc ol aspiiing; sadliiaivai-bccausc ol bcing
aiiaincd; yuliam-piopci; cva-indccd; iai-ilai.
In ilis way ilc ilcoiy ol ilc impcisonalisis is icluicd. In Sanlaiacaiya's
Vcdania-commcniaiy is lound ilc lollowing sioiy, wlicl slows ilc laulis ol ilc
andla-paiampaia. Tlcic a qucsiion was aslcd: "Wly bougli ilis gold'" Tlc
answci was givcn: "A blind man bougli ii." ilcn ilc qucsiion was aslcd: "Wlo
dcicimincd ilai ii was gcnuinc gold'" Tlc answci was givcn: "Tlc blind man
dcicimincd ii." Tlcn ilc qucsiion was aslcd: "How was lc ablc io lnow ilai ilc
gold was gcnuinc'" Tlc answci was givcn: "Anoilci blind man iold lim." Iiom
ilis ii may bc sccn ilai cvcn a losi ol blind mcn, and andla-paiampaia (a disciplic
succcssion ol blind mcn) cannoi undcisiand cvcn oidinaiy maiciial ilings. A losi
ol blind man cannoi scc ilc iiuil, bui onc pcison wlo is noi blind, wlo las cycs,
can scc cvciyiling. A pcison wlo las cycs can disciiminaic bciwccn a gcnuinc
coppci poi and an imiiaiion. Tlis cxamplc conliims ilc iiuil ilai ilc maiciial
woild is ical, and is noi an illusion.
Tcxi 25
iaila ca bialmadiblil siuiam saiyasya yonim iii. iai saiyam iiy acalsaic iii
siuiis ca.
iaila-so; ca-and; bialmadiblil-bcginning wiil lialma; siuiam-piayci;
saiyasya yonim iii-Siïmad-llagavaiam 10.2.26; iai saiyam iiy acalsaic iii siuiil-
iTaiiiiiiya Upanisad 2.6; ca-also.
Tlai ilc maiciial woild is ical is also conliimcd by ilc lollowing piayci ol
lialma and ilc dcmigods (Siïmad-llagavaiam 10.2.26):
"O Loid, You aic ilc aciivc piinciplc, ilc ical iiuil, in all ingicdicnis ol
cicaiion."¯
Tlis is also conliimcd by ilc lollowing woids ol ilc Taiiiiiïya Upanisad (2.6):
"Tlcn Hc saw ilai ilc maiciial woild was ical."
Tcxi 26
sisiam anyai samanam. cvam jagaial saiyaivam angi-liiam. iac ca nasvaiam iii.
iaiia nasvaiaivam naiyaniilam. liniv avyaliaiaya siliici adisyaia-maiiam cva, sai-
laiyaia-sampiaiipaiicl yad bluiam blavac ca blavisyac ca iiy adi siuicl.
sisiam-icmainign; anyai-oilci; samanam-ilc samc; cvam-ilus; jagaial-ol ilc
maiciial woild; saiyaivam-icaliiy; angi-liiam-acccpicd; iac-ilai; ca-and; nasvaiam-
icmpoiaiy; iii-ilus; iaiia-ilcic; nasvaiaivam-icmpoiaiincss; na-noi; aiyaniilam-
gicai; liniv-lowcvci; avyaliaiaya-by ilc siaic ol bcing unmanilcsicd; siliicl-ol
ilc siiuaiion; adisyaia-maiiam-simply bccausc ol bcing invisiblc; cva,-indccd; sai-
laiyaia-sampiaiipaiicl-bccausc ol ilc piool ol blcing ical; yai-wlai; bluiam-was;
blavac-is; ca-and; blavisyac-will bc; ca-and; iii-ilus; adi-bcginning; siuicl-liom
ilc Siuii-sasiia.
Tlc icmaindci ol ilc picviously quoicd Siïmad-llagavaiam vcisc is lilc wlai
las alicady bccn cxplaincd. In ilis way ii is slown ilai ilc maiciial woild,
alilougl icmpoiaiy, is cciiainly ical. Lvcn ilc icmpoiaiy naiuic ol ilc maiciial
woild is only iiuc in a cciiain scnsc, loi ilc maiciial woild always cxisis. Ii is
icmpoiaiy in ilc scnsc ilai ii is somciimcs visiblc and somciimcs invisiblc,
alilougl ii always cxisis. Tlc laci ilai ilc maiciial woild is ical is also alliimcd by
ilc lollowing woids ol lilad-aianyala Upanisad (3.S.3):
"Tlc maiciial woild is, always was, and always will bc."
Anuccheda 71
Tcxi 1
aia cva suliiivc iajaiaivam iva iasyavyalia-iupaivc jagaiivam asan na blavaii.
paiavac ccii nyaycna jagad cva li sulsmaiapannam avyaliam iii disyaivcna
blianii-iajaia-lalsam api jagai-iad-vilalsana-saiialam iailaima-vada-
paiinaiaivablavcna nailavasila-saiialam iiy cvam aiila-siddlayc iad-ananiaiam
cvalul
aia cva-ilcicloic; suliiivc-ilc siaic ol bcing a scaslcll; iajaiaivam-ilc siaic ol
bcing silvci; iva-lilc; iasya-ol ilai; avyalia-unmanilcsicd; iupaivc-in ilc loim;
jagaiivam-ilc siaic ol bcing ilc univcisc; asan-unical; na-noi; blavaii-is; paiavac
ca-Siï Vcdania-suiia 2.1.19; iii-ilus; nyaycna-by ilc cxamplc; jagai-ilc univcisc;
cva-indccd; li-indccd; sulsmaia-subilciy; apannam-aiiaincd; avyaliam-
unmanilcsicd; iii-ilus; disyaivcna-by bcing visiblc; blianii-iajaia-lalsam-ilc
misialc ol ilinling io bc silvci; api-also; jagai-ilc maiciial woild; iad-vilalsana-
dillcicni liom ilai; saiialam-cxisicncc; iailaima-vada-paiinaiaiva-ilc ilcoiy ol
iiansloimaiion; ablavcna-bccausc ol ilc non-cxisicncc; na-noi; ailavasila-
saiialam-oncncss; iii-ilus; cvam-ilus; aiila-siddlayc-loi undcisianding ilc
mcaning; iad-ananiaiam-alici ilai; cva-indccd; alul-ilcy said.
Anoilci aigumcni ol ilc impcisonalisis is ilai ilc maiciial woild is unical
bccausc ii is lilc ilc silvci misialcnly ilougli io bc picscni in ilc silvcililc
gliiiciing on a scaslcll's suilacc. Tlis aigumcni cannoi bc acccpicd. A vciy
dillcicni cxamplc is givcn in ilc Vcdania-suiia (2.1.19):
"Tlc maiciial woild is lilc a cloil, iis ilicads wovcn on ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad."
Wlcn ilc maiciial woild cnicis a subilc siaic ol cxisicncc, ii is said io bc
unmanilcsicd. Ai ilai iimc, lowcvci, ii docs noi ccasc io cxisi and bccomc an
illusion lilc ilc silvci imagincd io gliiici on a scaslcll's suilacc. Railci, ilc
maiciial woild bccomcs iiansloimcd. Tlc maiciial woild, alici all, docs noi lavc
only onc siaic ol cxisicncc. Tlc lollowing cxplanaiion is givcn in Siïmad-
llagavaiam (10.S7.37):
Tcxi 2
na yad idam agia asa na blavisyad aio nidlanad
anumiiam aniaia ivayi viblaii misaila-iasc
aia upamïyaic diavina-jaii-vilalpailaii
viiaila-mano-vilasam iiam iiy avayaniy abudlal
na-noi; yai-wlai; idam-ilis; agia-bcloic; asa-was; na-noi; blavisyai-will bc;
aial-ilcn; nidlanai-dcsiiuciion; anu-alici; miiam-considcicd; aniaia-wiilin; ivayi-
You; viblaii-is maniclsicd; misa-lalsc; cla-iasc-in onc mcllow; aia-ilcn;
upamïyaic-is considcicd; diavina-jaii-vilalpailail-wiil vaiious maiciial
iiansloimaiions; viiaila-mano-vilasam-an imaginaiion; iiam-wiiloui; iii-ilus;
avayanii-ilinl; abudlal-lools.
"Tlc cosmic manilcsiaiion, bccausc ol ilc lliclciing naiuic ol iis impcimancni
cxisicncc, appcais io lcss-iniclligcni mcn io bc lalsc."¯
Tcxi 3
yad yadi idam visvam agic sisicl puivam nasa nasïd iada na blavisyann
ablavisyad cva. ad-agamablava aisal. alasa-lusumam ivcii blaval. siuiayas casïd
cvcii vadanii sad cva saumycdam agia asïi. aima va idam agia asïi iiy adyal.
yai-yai; yadi-il; idam-ilis; visvam-univcisc; agic-bcloic; sisicl-cicaicd; puivam-
bcloic; na-noi; asa-was; na-noi; asïi-was; iada-ilcn; na-noi; blavisyann-will bc;
ablavisyai-would bc; cva-indccd; ad-agamablava-ilc allix ai; aisal-liom ilc sagcs;
alasa-in ilc sly; lusumam-llowci; iva-lilc; iii-ilus; blaval-ilc mcaning;
siuiayal-ilc Vcdas; ca-and; asii-was; cva-indccd; iii-ilus; vadanii-say; sai-ical; cva-
indccd; saumya-O gcnilc onc; idam-ilis; agia-bcloic; asïi-was; aima-scll; va-
indccd; idam-ilis; agia-bcloic; asïi-was; iii-ilus; adyal-bcginning.
Hcic ilc woid "yai" mcans "il", idam" mcans "ilc maiciial univcisc", "agic"
mcans "bcloic ilc maiciial univcisc was cicaicd", na asa" mcans "was noi", and
"na blavisyai" mcans "would noi bc". Hcic ilc abscncc ol ilc piclix a" in ilc
woid ilai slould bc "ablavisyai" is an cxamplc ol ilc pociic liccnsc ol ilc sagcs.
Hcic ilc impcisonalisis claim ilai ilc maiciial woild is lilc a llowci imagincd io
lloai in ilc sly. Tlai ilc maiciial woild is ical is conliimcd by ilc lollowing
woids ol Clandogya Upanisad (6.2.1):
"O gcnilc onc, bcloic ilc maiciial woild was manilcsicd, ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad cxisicd."
Tlis is also conliimcd by ilc lollowing woids ol lilad-aianyala Upanisad
(1.+.1):
"lcloic ilc maiciial woild was manilcsicd, ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad cxisicd."
Tcxi +
iad cvam sulsmaiaya iaiivad aimycna siliiam laianavasilam idam jagai
visiiaiaya laiyavasilam blavaii. aio yan-nidlanan nasa-maiiad dlciol suliau
iajaiam iva ivayi iad idam aniaia sisii-madlya cva. na iv agic canic ca viblaiïiy
anumiiam ian miscii piamana-siddlam na blavaiïiy aiilal.
iai-ilai; cvam-ilus; sulsmaiaya-subily; iaiivai-liom ilc iiuil; aimycna-as
cicaicd by ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; siliiam-siiuaicd; laianavasilam-
as ilw causc; idam-ilis; jagai-univcisc; visiiaiaya-manilcsicd; laiyavasilam-as ilc
cllcci; blavaii-is; aial-ilcn; yan-nidlanan-liom ilc dcsiiuciion olwlicl; nasa-
maiiai-liom ilc dcsiiuciion; dlciol-liom ilc causc; suliau-in a scaslcll; iajaiam-
silvci; iva-lilc; ivayi-in You; iai-ilai; idam-ilai; aniaia-wiilin; sisii-madlya-in ilc
cicaiion; cva-indcd; na-noi; iv-bui; agic-in ilc bcginning; ca-and; anic-in ilc cnd;
ca-and; viblaii-is manilcsicd; iii-ilus; anumiiam-considcicd; ian-ilai; misa-lalsc;
iii-ilus; piamana-siddlam-piovcd by ilc cvidcncc; na-noi; blavaii-is; iii-ilus;
aiilal-ilc mcaning.
lccausc ilc cllcci is also picscni wiilin iis causc, ilc maiciial woild, in iis
subilc loim, is picscni in ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad bcloic ilc iimc ol
maiciial cicaiion. Hcic ilc vcisc says, "O Loid, ilc idca ilai bccausc ai a cciiain
poini in iimc ilc maiciial univcisc is dcsiioycd, ilcicloic ilc maiciial woild is
unical, lilc ilc silvci imagincd io cxisi on ilc gliiiciing suilacc ol a scaslcll, and
ilc idca ilai alilougl loi a cciiain iimc ilc maiciial univcisc is manilcsicd wiilin
You, ii docs noi cxisi bcloic oi alici ilai manilcsiaiion, and ilcicloic ii is unical,
aic conclusions noi suppoiicd by ilc cvidcncc ol ilc sciipiuics."
Tcxi 5
iaiia lcium ala cla-iasc iii. anublavaniaiavisayananda-svada iii. yasminn
anubluic saii visayaniaia-spluiiii na samblavaii. iasmims ivayi suliy-adi-nilisia-
vasiunïva visayaiopal lailam syad iiy aiilal.
iaiia-ilcic; lcium-ilc icason; ala-said; cla-iasc-cla-iasc; iii-ilus; anublava-
cxpciicncc; aniaia-wiilin; visaya-ilc iangc ol pciccpiion; ananda-bliss; svada-
iasiing; iii-ilus; yasminn-in wlicl; anubluic-pciccivcd; saii-bcing so; visayaniaia-
spluiiil-manilcsicd wiilin ilc iangc ol pciccpiion; na-noi; samblavaii-is boin;
iasmiml-in ilai; ivayi-in You; suliy-adi-nilisia-vasiuni- ilc scaslcll and oilci
ilings; iva-lilc; visaya-in ilc licld ol pciccpiion; aiopal-an aiiilical imposiiion;
lailam-low'; syai-may bc; iii-ilus; aiilal-ilc mcaning.
Tlc icason loi ilis is givcn in ilc woid "cla-iasc", wlicl mcans "in ilc
Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad, wlo always cxpciicnccs iiansccndcnial bliss".
Tlcicloic ilc vcisc dcclaics: "ilc maiciial univcisc icsis wiilin You, O Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad". How, ilcn, is ii possiblc ilai ilc maiciial woild is
unical, lilc ilc silvci misialcnly ilougli io cxisi in ilc gliiiciing suilacc ol a
scaslcll'
Tcxi 6
dadlaii salin manas ivayi ya aimani niiya-sullc na punai upasaic puiusa-saia-
laiavasailan iiy asmalam cvolicl.
dadlaii salin manas ivayi ya aimani niiya-sullc na punai upasaic puiusa-saia-
laiavasailan iii-Siïmad-llagavaiam 10.S7.35; asmalam-ol us; cva-indccd;
uliclliom ilc woids.
Hcic ilc Pcisonilicd Vcdas lini: Wc lavc alicady said (Siïmad-llagavaiam
10.S7.35):
"A Kisna conscious bcing bccomcs disinicicsicd in lamily lilc oi opulcni living
condiiions."¯
Tcxi 7
aio 'ciniya-saliya svaiupad acyuiasyaiva iava paiinama-svïlaicna diavina-
jaiïnam diavya-maiianam mil-loladïnam vilalpa blcda glaia-lundaladayas icsam
panilano maigal pialaias iaii cvasmablii upamïyaic. na iu luiiapi bliama-
iajaiadiblil.
aial-ilcn; 'ciniya-saliya-wiil inconccivablc poicncy; svaiupai-liom His own
loim; acyuiasya-ol ilc inlalliblc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; cva-indccd;
iava-ol You; paiinama-iiansloimaiion; svïlaicna-by acccpiing; diavina-jaiïnam-ol
maiciial ilings; diavya-maiianam-ol maiciial ilings; mil-loladïnam-madc ol clay,
iion, cic.; vilalpa-imaginaiion; blcda-dillcicni; glaia-lundaladayal-clay pois,
caiiings, and oilci lilc ilings; icsam-ol ilcm; panilanal-pail; maigal-pail;
pialaial-spccilic; iail-by ilcm; cva-indccd; asmablil-by us; upamïyaic-is
considcicd; na-noi; iu-bui; luiiapi-somcwlcic; bliama-misialc; iajaiadiblil-
bcginning wciil silvci.
Hcic ilc Pcisonilicd Vcdas say: "Tlcicloic wc ilinl ilai by ilc Supicmc Loid's
inconccivablc poicncy ilc vaiious ingicdicnis, lilc iion and caiil, aic iiansloimcd
inio ilc vaiious objccis ol ilis woild, lilc caiiings and clay pois. Tlcicloic ilcsc
objccis aic noi illusions. Tlcy aic noi lilc ilc silvci misialcnly ilougli io cxisi on
ilc gliiiciing suilacc ol a scaslcll."
Tcxi S
yasmad cvam iasmad viiaila mano-vilasa yaiia iadisam cva iiam iad-iupam
bialmaivcdam jagad iiy abudla cvavayanii manyanic. iasya iad-
adlisilanaivasamblavad iii blaval. iia-sabda-piayogas iaiia miilya-sambandla-
ialiiya-vyanjanaiilam cva liia iii jncyam.
yasmai-liom wlicl; cvam-in ilis way; iasmai-liom ilai; viiaila-lalsc; mano-
vilasa-imaginaiion ol ilc mind; yaiia-wlcic; iadisam-lilc ilai; cva-indccd; iiam-
wiiloui; iad-iupam-ilai loim; bialma-ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; cva-
indccd; idam-ilis; jagai-univcisc; iii-ilus; abudla-lools; cva-indccd; avayanii-
ilinl; manyanic-ilinl; iasya-ol ilai; iad-adlisilanaiva-ilc siaic ol bcing ilc
cicaioi; asamblavai-bccausc ol ilc impossibiliiy; iii-ilus; blaval-ilc mcaning;
iia-sabda-piayogal-ilc usc ol ilc woid "iia; iaiia-ilcic; miilya-lalsc; sambandla-
iclaiion; ialiiya-bcing wiiloui; vyanjana-manilcsiaiion; aiilam-loi ilc puiposc;
cva-indccd; liia-donc; iii-ilus; jncyam-io bc undcisiood.
Hcic ilc vcisc says: "Iools ilinl ilai ilc maiciial woild is an imaginaiion, ilc
playing ol ilc mind, and ilc maiciial woild is aciually ilc Supicmc iiscll. Tlis
cannoi bc iiuc." Hcic ilc woid "iiam" mcans "ii is noi unical".
Tcxi 9
aiia sai-laiya-vadinam ayam ablipiayal mii-pindadi-laialaii yo glaiab
uipadyaic. sa sann asan va. adyc pisia-pcsanam. dviiïyc liiyaya laialais ca iai-
sambandlasya lla-puspadlaiana-vada-samblavai icna ca icsam anyailaivai
lailam iai-siddlii iii dil.
aiia-lcic; sai-laiya-vadinam-ol ilcy wlo say ilc maiciial woild is ical; ayam-
ilis; ablipiayal-ilc undciisanding; mii-pindadi-bcginning wiil balls ol clay;
laialail-doing; yal-wlicl; glaiab-poi; uipadyaic-is manilcsicd; sa-ilai; sann-
bcing so; asan-ilai; va-oi; adyc-in ilc bcginning; pisia-pcsanam-usclcss laboi;
dviiïyc-in ilc sccond; liiyaya-ol acxiion; laialail-by ilc docci; ca-also; iai-
sambandlasya-in iclaiiion io ilai; lla-in ilc sly; puspa-llowci; dlaiana-lolding;
vada-woids; samblavai-liom ilc manilcsiaiion; icna-by ilai; ca-and; icsam-ol
ilcm; anyailaivai-bccausc ol bcing dillcicni; lailam-low; iai-siddlil-ilc piool ol
ilai; iii-ilus; dil-ilc diicciion.
Tlcy wlo alliim ilai ilc maiciial woild is ical say ilai as balls ol clay aic
laslioncd inio clay pois, so ilc ilings ol ilis maiciial woild aic laslioncd liom
ilc maiciial clcmcnis. Tlus ilcic aic iwo vicws: 1. ilai ilc maiciial woild is ical,
and 2. ilai ilc maiciial woild is noi ical. Tlcic is no nccd io claboiaicly discuss
ilc liisi vicw. Tlc sccond vicw alliims ilai aciions, pcisons wlo pciloim aciions,
and wlai icsulis liom ilc aciions aic all unical, lilc a llowci imagincd io lloai in
ilc sly. How can anyonc picscni any cvidcncc io piovc sucl a loolisl idca' Tlc
picccding is ilus ilc gcncial idca ol ilis vcisc.
Tcxi 10
iasman na pialaiam cva san na caiyaniam asai. liniv avyaliaiaya mii-pindc cva
siliio 'sau yaila laiala-ian-nispanna-liiya-yogcna vyajyaic. iaila paiama-laianc
ivayi siliiam visvam ivai-svablavila-salii-ian-nispanna-liiya-yogcncii.
iasman-ilcicloic; na-noi; pialaiam-manilcsicd; cva-indccd; san-ical so; na-noi;
ca-and; aiyaniam-gicai; asai-unical; liniv-lowcvci; avyaliaiaya-as unmanilcsicd;
mii-pindc-a ball ol clay; cva-indccd; siliial-siiuaicd; 'sau-ilai; yaila-as; laiala-
ilc doci; ian-nispanna-liiya-yogcna-connccicd wiil ilcw aciion; vyajyaic-is
manilcsicd; iaila-so; paiama-laianc-in ilc piimc causc ol all causcs; ivayi-in You;
siliiam-siiuaicd; visvam-ilc maiciial woild; ivai-svablavila-salii-by Youi
pcisonal poicncy; ian-nispanna-liiya-yogcna-in conncciion wiil ilc aciiviiy; iii-
ilus.
Wlcn ii is noi opcnly manilcsicd, ilc maiciial woild docs noi ccasc io cxisi.
Railci, ii is cxisis in an unmanilcsicd siaic. In ilai siaic ii is lilc ilc slapclcss
balls ol clay ilai a cialisman may laici slapc inio pois and oilci objccis. Ii is in
ilis scnsc ilai ilc Pcisonilicd Vcdas say lcic: "O Loid, Youi pcisonal poicncy las
cicaicd ilis maiciial woild."
Tcxi 11
aiia sva-vcdaniiiva-piallyapalanam apy anyaila-mananam vcdania-viiuddlam
cva. mana cva bluia-laiyam iii li iaiia piasiddlam yulii-viiuddlam ca.
mano-'lanlaiadïnam manal-lalpiiaivasamblavai. iaila li saii vcda-viiuddlo
'nïsvaia-vadas ca piasajycia. sa ca nindiial padmc
aiia-lcic; sva-vcdaniiiva-piallyapalanam-ol ilc pioponcnis ol Vcdania; api-
also; anyaila-mananam-ilinling in a dillcicni way; vcdania-viiuddlam-
coniiadicicd by Vcdania; cva-indccd; mana-mind; cva-indccd; bluia-laiyam-ilc
aciion ol ilc clcmcnis; iii-ilus; li-indccd; iaiia-ilcic; piasiddlam-piovcd; yulii-
viiuddlam-coniiadicicd by logic; ca-also; mano-'lanlaiadïnam-bcginning wiil
mind and llasc cgo; manal-mind; lalpiiaiva-imaginaiion; asamblavai-bccausc ol
noi bcing so; iaila-so; li-indccd; saii-bcing so; vcda-viiuddlal-coniiadicicd by
Vcdania; 'nïsvaia-vadal-ilc ilcoiy ol ailcism; ca-also; piasajycia-is manilcsicd; sa-
ilai; ca-and; nindiial-ciiiicizcd; padmc-in ilc Padma Puiana.
Tlcy wlo ilinl oilciwisc, ilai ilc maiciial woild is noi ical, and wlo call
ilcmsclvcs "Vcdaniisis", cmbiacc a vicw ilai is aciually icluicd by ilc woids ol
ilc Vcdania-suiia. Tlcii idca, ilai ilc maiciial woild is an imaginaiion cicaicd by
ilc mind, is also icluicd by logic, loi ii is noi logical io assumc ilai ilc mind
iiscll, along wiil lalsc cgo and ilc oilci clcmcnis, aic an imaginaiion ol ilc mind.
Tlis bcing so, ilc ilcoiy ol ailcism, ilai ilcic is no God, is also icjccicd by ilc
Vcdania-suiia. Tlis ilcoiy is also ciiiicizcd by ilcsc woids ol Padma Puiana:
Tcxi 12
siuiayal smiiayas caiva
yuliayas ccsvaiam paiam
vadanii iad-viiuddlam yo
vadci iasman na cadlamal. iii.
siuiayal-ilc Siuiis; smiiayal-ilc Smiiis; ca-and; cva-indccd; yuliayal-logic;
ca-also; ïsvaiam-God; paiam-ilc Sypicmc; vadanii-say; iad-viiuddlam-icluiing
ilai; yal-wlo; vadci-spcals; iasman-ilcicloic; na-noi; ca-and; adlamal-ilc
lowcsi; iii-ilus.
"Tlc Siuiis and Smiiis all alliim ilai ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad
cciiainly cxisis. Anyonc wlo iiics io icluic ilc cxisicncc ol God is lowcsi ol ilc
low."
Tcxi 13
asaiyam apiaiisilam ic
jagad alui anïsvaiam
apaiaspaia-sambluiam
lim anyai lama-laiiulam
asaiyam-unical; apiaiisilam-wiiloui loundaiion; ic-ilcy; jagai-ilc cosmic
manilcsiaiion; alul-is said; anïsvaiam-wiil noconiiollci; apaiaspaia-by muiual
lusi; sambluiam-causcd; lim anyai-ilcic is no oilci causc; lama-laiiulam-ii isd
duc io lusi only.
Tlc vicw ol ilc ailcisis is also dcsciibcd in ilcsc woids ol llagavad-gïia
(16.S):
"Tlcy say ilai ilis woild is unical, ilai ilcic is no loundaiion, and ilai ilcic
is no God in coniiol. Ii is pioduccd ol scx dcsiic, and las no causc oilci ilan
lusi."¯
Tcxi 1+
iii siï-gïiopanisad-adi-disiyaivanïsvaia-vadina cva vyacalsaic. asaiyam miilya-
bluiam saiyasaiyablyam aniivacanïyaivcnapiaiisilam niidcsa-sunyam silanau
puiusaiva-vai bialmanïsvaiaivasyajnana-maiia-lalpiiaivad ïsvaiablimanï iaiia
lascin nasiïiy anïsvaiam cva jagai apaiaspaia-sambluiam anady-ajnana-
paiaspaiasambluiam. apaiaspaial liiya-saiaiyc. aial lama-laiiulam manal-
sanlalpa-maiia-jaiam svapna-vad iiy aiilal.
iii-ilus; siï-gïiopanisai-ol Siï llagavad-giia; adi-bcginning; disiya-by ilc vicw;
cva-indccd; anïsvaia-vadina-ilc ailcisis; cva-indccd; vyacalsaic-says; asaiyam-
unical; miilya-bluiam-unical; saiyasaiyablyam-boil ical and unical;
aniivacanïyaivcna-bccausc ii cannoi bc said; apiaiisilam-wiiloui loundaiion;
niidcsa-sunyam-wiiloiu dcsciipiion; silanau-in siiuaiion; puiusaiva-vai-lilc a
pcison; bialmani-in lialman; ïsvaiaivasya-ol ilc siaic opl ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; ajnana-ignoiancc; maiia-only; lalpiiaivai-bccausc ol cbing
an imaginaiion; ïsvaia-ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; ablimanï-ilinling;
iaiia-ilcic; lascin-somconc; na-noi; asii-is; iii-ilus; anïsvaiam-ailcism; cva-
indccd; jagai-univcisc; apaiaspaia-sambluiam-muiually cicaicd; anady-ajnana-
bcginninglcss ignoiancc; paiaspaia-muiual; asambluiam-noi cicaicd; apaiaspaial-
noi muiual; liiya-saiaiyc-in ilc icailiy ol ilc aciion; aial-ilcn; lama-laiiulam-
ilc causc is lusi; manal-sanlalpa-imaginaiion ol ilc mind; maiia-only; jaiam-
pioduccd; svapna-a dicam; vai-lilc; iii-ilus; aiilal-ilc mcaning.
Tlus, in ilcsc woids ol llagavad-gïia and oilci sciipiuics, ilc plilosoply ol
ailcism is dcsciibcd. Hcic ilc woid asaiyam" mcans "unical". Ii cannoi bc said
ilai ilc woild is boil ical and unical. Hcic "apiaiisilam" mcans "ilcic is no
loundaiion". Hcic ilc llagavad-gïia vcisc says, "lccausc ilcy ilinl ilai God is
cicaicd by ilc imaginaiion, ilc ailcisis ilinl ilai ilcy aic God ilcmsclvcs.
Tlcicloic ilcy say ilai ilcic is no God (anïsvaiam). Tlcy say ilai wc lavc cicaicd
ilc woild (jagai) ouisclvcs (apaiaspaia-sambluiam), bccausc ol oui bcginninglcss
ignoiancc, and wc lavc cicaicd ii oui ol ilc dcsiics in oui minds (lama-
laiiulam), as onc cicaics ilings in a dicam." Tlai is ilc mcaning.
Tcxi 15
aiia piaviiiim ca iiy adina icsam samslaia-dosa ulicl ciam disiim iiy adina iu
gaiis ca nindisyaia iii jncyam. cblii cva bialmana aisvaiyopadlii mayapi
jïvajnana-lalpiia. iayaiva jagai-sisiii iii maiam.
aiia-lcic piaviiiim ca iiy adina-in llagavad-giia 16.7; icsam-ol ilcm;
samslaia-dosa-bccausc ol ilc lauli ol picvious impious dccds; ulicl-liom ilc
siaicmcni; ciam disiim iiy adina-in llagavad-giia 16.9; iu-indccd; gaiil-goal; ca-
and; nindisyaia-is ciiiicizcd; iii-ilus; jncyam-io bc undcisiood; cblil-by ilcm;
cva-indccd; bialmana-ol ilc Supicmc; aisvaiyopadlil-ilc opulcncc; maya-maya;
api-cvcn; jïva-ol ilc individual spiiii souls; ajnana-by ilc ignoiancc; lalpiia-
imagincd; iaya-by ilai; cva-indccd; jagai-sisiil-ilc cicaiion ol ilc maiciial woild;
iii-ilus; maiam-considcicd
Tlc ailcisis and dcmons aic also dcsciibcd in ilcsc woids ol llagavad-gïia
(16.7):
"Tlosc wlo aic dcmonic do noi lnow wlai is io bc donc and wlai is noi io bc
donc. Nciilci clcanlincss, noi piopci bclavioi, noi iiuil is lound in ilcm."¯
Tlc laulis ol ilc dcmons aic also dcsciibcd in ilcsc woids ol llagavad-gïia
(16.9):
"Iollowing sucl conclusions, ilc dcmonic, wlo aic losi io ilcmsclvcs and wlo
lavc no iniclligcncc, cngagc in unbcnclicial, loiiiblc woils mcani io dcsiioy ilc
woild."¯
In ilis way ilc dcmons' aciiviiics aic ciiiicizcd. Tlc dcmons say ilai ilc gloiics
ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad aic all an illusion (maya), ilai ilc Loid's
gloiics aic cicaicd by ilc imaginaiions ol ilc living bcings. Tlcy say ilai ilc
Supicmc Loid's cicaiion ol ilc maiciial woild is all myilology.
Tcxi 16
yad uliam iadïya-blasyc iad-ananyaivam iiy adi suiic saivajncsvaiasyaima-
bluic ivavidya-lalpiic nama-iupc iaiivaiaiivablyam aniivacanïyc samsaia-
piapanca-bïja-bluic saivajncsvaiasya maya-saliil pialiiii iii siuii-smiiyoi
ablilapycia iii.
yai-wlai; uliam-said; iadïya-blasyc-in ilc commcniaiy; iad-ananyaivam iiy adi
suiic-in ilc Vcdania-suiia 2.1.1+; saivajna-all-lnowing; ïsvaiasya-ol ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; aima-bluic-scll-manilcsicd; iva-lilc; avidya-ignoiancc;
lalpiic-imagincd; nama-iupc-namcs and loims; iaiiva-iiuil; aiaiiva-uniiuil;
ablyam-vallcd; aniivacanïyc-indcsciibablc; samsaia-piapanca-bïja-ilc sccd ol ilc
maiciial cicaiion; bluic-manilcsicd; saivajncsvaiasya-ol ilc all-lnowing Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; maya-saliil-ilc maya poicncy; pialiiil-maiici; iii-ilus;
siuii-smiiyol-by ilc Siuii and Smiii; ablilapycia-said; iii-ilus.
In lis commcniaiy on Vcdania-suiia (2.1.1+), Siï Sanlaiacaiya assciis:
"Tlc namcs and loims ol ilc all-lnowing Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad aic
a ligmcni ol ilc imaginaiion. Tlcy cannoi bc dcsciibcd wiil woids. No onc can
say wlcilci ilcy aic ical oi noi. Tlcy aic cicaicd by ilc souls in ilc maiciial
woild. Tlcy aic manilcsicd liom ilc illusoiy poicncy maya. Tlcy aic maiciial.
Tlis is dcsciibcd in ilc Siuii and Smiii."
Tcxi 17
liniv aiia vidyavidyc mama ianu iiy adi siï-blagavad-valycna iu viiuddlam iii.
liniv aiia vidyavidyc mama ianu iiy adi-in Siïmad-llagavaiam 11.11.3; siï-
blagavai-ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; valycna-by ilc woids; iu-
indccd; viiuddlam-icluicd; iii-ilus.
Tlcsc idcas aic icluicd by ilc Supicmc Loid Himscll in ilcsc woids (Siïmad-
llagavaiam 11.11.3):
"O Uddlava, boil lnowlcdgc and ignoiancc, bcing pioducis ol may, aic
cxpansions ol My poicncy. loil lnowlcdgc and ignoiancc aic bcginninglcss and
pcipciually awaid libciaiion and bondagc io cmbodicd living bcings."¯¯¯
Tcxi 1S
aio mayavadaiaya cayam vadal llyayaic. iad cvam ca padmoiiaia-llandc
dcvïm piaii pasanda-sasiiam ganayaia siï-maladcvcnoliam
aial-ilcicloic; mayavadaiaya-as ilc mayavada plilosoply; ca-also; ayam-ilis;
vadal-woid; llyayaic-is lamous; iai-ilai; cvam-ilus; ca-and; padmoiiaia-llandc-
in ilc Padma Puiana, Uiiaia-llanda; dcvïm-Goddcss; piaii-io; pasanda-sasiiam-
ilc sciipiuics ol ilc blasplcmcis; ganayaia-considciing; siï-maladcvcna-by Loid
Siva; uliam-said.
Tlis impcisonalisi and ailcisi plilosoply is callcd mayavada" (ilc plilosoply
ol maya). In ilc Padma Puiana, Uiiaia-llanda, in ilc couisc ol dcsciibing ilc
sciipiuics ol ilc blasplcmcis and ailcisis, Loid Siva iclls Goddcss Paivaiï:
Tcxi 19
mayavadam asac clasiiam
piacclannam baudlam ucyaic
mayaiva lailiiam dcvi
lalau bialmana-iupina
mayavadam-ilc plilosoply ol mayavada; asac-clasiiam-lalsc sciipiuics;
piacclannam-covcicd; baudlam-luddlism; ucyaic-is said; maya-by mc; cva-only;
lailiiam-cxccuicd; dcvi-O goddcss ol ilc maiciial woild; lalau-in ilc agc ol Kali;
bialmana-iupina-laving ilc body ol a bialmana.
"Tlc mayavada plilosoply is impious. Ii is covcicd luddlism. My dcai
Paivaiï, in ilc loim ol a bialmana in Kali-yuga I icacl ilis imagincd Mayavada
plilosoply."¯
Tcxi 20
vcdanic iu mala-sasiic
mayavadam avaidilam
mayaiva valsyaic dcvi
jagaiam nasa-laianai. iii.
vcdanic-in Vcdania; iu-indccd; mala-sasiic-ilc gicai sciipiuic; mayavadam-
mayavada; avaidilam-againsi ilc Vcdas; maya-ny mc; cva-indccd; valsyaic-is said;
dcvi-O goddcss; jagaiam-ol ilc woilds; nasa-laianai-causcing ilc dcsiiuciion; iii-
ilus.
"Similaily, in cxplaining Vcdania, I dcsciibc ilc samc mayavada plilosoply in
oidci io mislcad ilc cniiic populaiion iowaid ailcism by dcnying ilc pcisonal
loim ol ilc Loid."¯
Tcxi 21
iac casuianam molanaiilam blagavaia cvajnaycii iaiiaivoliam asii. iaila ca
padma cvanyaiia saivc ca
iac-ilai; ca-also; asuianam-ol ilc dcmons; molana-bcwildcimcni; aiilam-loi
ilc puiposc; blagavaia-ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; cva-indccd;
ajnaya-by ilc oidci; iii-ilus; iaiia-ilcic; cva-indccd; uliam-said; asii-is; iaila-so;
ca-also; padma-in ilc Padma Puiana; cva-indccd; anyaiia-in anoilci placc; saivc-in
ilc Siva Puiana; ca-also.
In oidci io bcwildci ilc dcmons, ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad Himscll
oidcicd Loid Siva io picacl ilc mayavada plilosoply. Tlis is conliimcd by ilc
lollowing quoic liom boil ilc Padma Puiana and ilc Siva Puiana, wlcic ilc
Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad iclls Siva:
Tcxi 22
dvapaiadau yugc bluiva
lalaya manusadisu
svagamail lalpiiais ivam ca
janan mad-vimullan luiu
dvapaiadau yugc-alici ilc Dvapaia yuga; bluiva-bccoming; lalaya-by a paii;
manusadisu-in luman bcings and oilcis; svagamail-by youi own sciipiuics;
lalpiiail-imagincd; ivam-you; ca-and; janan-ilc pcoplc; mad-vimullan-avcisc io
Mc; luiu-plcasc malc.
"In Kali-yuga, mislcad ilc pcoplc in gcncial by piopounding imaginaiy
mcanings loi ilc Vcdas io bcwildci ilcm."¯
Tcxi 23
iii siï-blagavad-valyam iii dil. aia cvoliam siï-nisimla-puianc yama-valyc
iii-ilus; siï-blagavad-valyam-ilc woids ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad; iii-ilus; dil-ilc diicciion; aia cva-ilcicloic; uliam-said; siï-nisimla-
puianc-in Siï Nisimla Puiana; yama-valyc-in ilc woids lo Yamaiaja.
Tlcsc woids wcic spolcn by ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad Himscll. Tlc
samc iiuil is also dcsciibcd in ilc Siï Nisimla Puiana, wlcic Yamaiaja says:
Tcxi 2+
visadlaia-lana-blalsa-sanlaioliïi
dasabala-pancasillalsapada-vadan
malad api su-vicaiya lola-ianiiam
blagavad-upasiim iic na siddlii asii. iii.
visadlaia-Paianjali; lanablalsa-Kanada; sanlaia-ol Sanlaia; uliil-ilc woids;
dasabala-luddla; pancasilla-sanllya; alsapada-Gauiama; vadan-plilosoplics;
malai-gicai; api-also; su-vicaiya-caiclully siudying; lola-ianiiam-ilc maiciialisiic
Taniias; blagavad-upasiim-dcvoiional scivicc io ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad; iic-wiiloui; na-noi; siddlil-pcilcciion; asii-is; iii-ilus.
"Tlcy wlo caiclully siudy ilc plilosoplics ol Paianjali, Kanada, Sanlaiacaiya,
luddla, Pscudo-Kapila, Gauiama, and oilci maiciialisiic auilois, and wlo
ncglcci dcvoiional scivicc io ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad, do noi aiiain
pcilcciion."
Tcxi 25
saivc 'iia vada-gianila cva niidisial. na iu maniia-gianila iii namalsaiam cva
salsan niidisiam iii ca nanyaila mananïyam. anandamayo 'blyasai iiy adisu
vcdania-suiia-laia-maiam iaiia dusyaia iii.
saivc-all; 'iia-lcic; vada-gianila-sciipiuics; cva-indccd; niidisial-indicaicd; na-
noi; iu-bui; maniia-gianila-maniia sciipiuics; iii-ilus; namalsaiam-obcisasnccs;
cva-indccd; salsan-diiccily; niidisiam-indicaicd; iii-ilus; ca-and; na-noi; anyaila-
oilciwisc; mananïyam-io bc considcicd; anandamayo 'blyasai iiy adisu-in
Vcdania-suiia 1.1.12; vcdania-suiia-ol Vcdania-suiia; laia-ol ilc auiloi; maiam-
ilc opinion; iaiia-ilcic; dusyaia-is icluicd; iii-ilus.
In ilis lisi ilc sciipiuics ol all ilc dillcicni plilosoplics aic mcniioncd. Only
ilc maniia-sciipiuics and somc oilci sciipiuics aic cxcludcd. In ilc lollowing
woids (Vcdania-suiia 1.1.12), ilc auiloi ol Vcdania-suiia icluics all ilcsc
plilosoplics:
anandamayo 'blyasai
"Tlc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad is by naiuic lull ol joy."¯
Tcxi 26
aio yai lvacii iai-iai-piasamsa va syai iad api niiania-nasiila-vadam
niijiiyamscnapy asiila-vadal silapiia iiy apclsaya jncyam. iasmai svaianiia ïsvaia
cva saiva-siasia. na iu jïval. svajnancna sva-saliyaivciy ayaiam.
aial-ilcn; yai-wlai; lvacii-somcwlcic; iai-iai-piasamsa-piaisc ol vaiious
sciiipuics; va-oi; syai-may bc; iai-ilai; api-also; niiania-nasiila-vadam-ilc gicai
ailcisiic ilcoiics; niijiiya-dclcaiing; amscna-wiil a paii; api-also; asiila-vadal-ilc
icligious plilosoply; silapiia-csiablislcd; iii-ilus; apclsaya-in iclaiion; jncyam-io
bc lnown; iasmai-liom ilai; svaianiia-indcpcndcni; ïsvaia-ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; cva-indccd; saiva-siasia-ilc cicaioi lo all; na-noi; iu-bui;
jïval-ilc individual spiiii soul; svajnancna-by lis own lnowlcdgc; sva-saliya-by
lis own powci; cva-indccd; iii-ilus; ayaiam-aiiaincd.
ly ilc dcsciipiions in vaiious paiis ol ilc sciipiuics, ilc plilosoply ol ailcism
and impcisonalism is soundly icluicd, and ilc plilosoply ol ilcism and dcvoiion
is liimly csiablislcd. In ilis way ii is sccn ilai ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad is cicaioi ol all. ly lis own lnowlcdgc and lis own powci ilc individual
spiiii soul docs noi lavc ilc powci io cicaic.
Tcxi 27
iad uliam siï-badaiayancnapi baluiia samjna-muiii-llpiis iu iii-viiluiv aia
upadcsai iiy adisu.
iai-ilai; uliam-said; siï-badaiayancna-by Siï Vyasadcba; api-also; baluiia
samjna-muiii-llpiis iu iii-viiluiv aia upadcsai iiy adisu-Vcdania-suiia 2.+.21.
Tlai ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad is ilc cicaioi ol ilc woild is
conliimcd by Siï Vyasadcva in ilc lollowing woids ol Vcdania-suiia (2.+.20):
samjna-muiii-llpiis iu iii-viiluiv aia upadcsai
"Tlc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad cicaicd ilc woild. Tlai is ilc icacling
ol ilc sciipiuics."
Tcxi 2S
aial ian-mano 'sijaia manal piajapaiim iiy adau manal-sabdcna samasii-
mano-'dlisilaia siïman aniiuddla cva balu syam piajaycya iai-sanlalpa cva va
vacyal.
aial-ilcn; ian-manal-ilc nind; asijaia-cicaicd; manal-mind; piajapaiim-
lialma; iii-ilus; adau-bcginning; manal-manal; sabdcna-by ilc woid; samasii-
mano-'dlisilaia-ilc ociigin ol all minds; siïman-Siï ; aniiuddla-Aniiuddla; cva-
indccd; balu-many; syam-I will bc; piajaycya-I will lailci clildicn; iai-sanlalpa-
ilai dcsiic; cva-indccd; va-oi; vacyal-io bc said
Tlai ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad is ilc cicaioi ol ilc woild is also
dcsciibcd in ilcsc woids ol ilc sciipiuics:
"Tlc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad cicaicd mind, and mind cicaicd ilc
dcmigod lialma."
Hcic ilc woid "manal" (mind) iclcis io Loid Aniiuddla, ilc picsiding Dciiy
wlo coniiols all minds.
Tlai ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad is ilc cicaioi ol ilc woild is also
dcsciibcd in ilcsc woids ol ilc Clandogya Upanisad (6.2.3):
"Tlc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad ilcn ilougli: Lci Mc bccomc many. I
will lailci ilc many living cniiiics."
In ilis way ii is said ilai ilc maiciial woild was cicaicd by ilc Supicmc Loid's
dcsiic.
Tcxi 29
sa ca saiya-svablavilaciniya-saliil paiamcsvaias iuccla-mayilam api na
luiyai. ciniamanïnam adlipaiil svayam ciniamanii cva va luia-lanaladi-vai.
sa-ilai; ca-and; saiya-svablavilaciniya-saliil-ilc inconccivablc poicncy;
paiamcsvaial-ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; iuccla-insignilicani;
mayilam-maya; api-also; na-noi; luiyai-may do; ciniamanïnam-ol ciniamani
jcwcls; adlipaiil-ilc ling; svayam-pcisonally; ciniamanil-ciniamani; cva-indccd;
va-oi; luia-lanaladi-vai-lilc lalsc gold oi oilci lilc ilings.
As ilc ling ol ciniamani jcwcls docs noi cicaic lalsc gold, so ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad, wlo is masici ol inconccivablc iiansccndcnial poicncics,
docs noi diiccily cicaic ilc insignilicani illusoiy poicncy callcd maya.
Tcxi 30
iaila ca madlva-blasya-piamaniia siuiil ailainam alul saiya-laimcii saiyam
ly cvcdam visvam asijaia iii.
iaila-so; ca-and; madlva-blasya-piamaniia-quoicd in Siï Madlva Acaiya's
commcniaiy; siuiil-Siuii; aila-now; cnam-Him; alul-say; saiya-laima-wlosc
aciions aic iiuc; iii-ilus; saiyam-ical; li-indccd; cva-indccd; idam-ilis; visvam-
maiciial woild; asijaia-cicaicd; iii-ilus.
In lis commcniaiy, Siï Madlvacaiya quoics ilc lollowing woids ol ilc Siuii-
sasiia:
"ilc sagcs say ilai wlaicvci ilc Supicmc Loid cicaics is ical. Tlcicloic ilc
maiciial woild is also a icaliiy."
Tcxi 31
cvam ca
saiya-viaiam saiya-paiam iii-saiyam
saiyasya yonim niliiam ca saiyc
saiyasya saiyam iia saiya-nciiam
saiyaimalam ivam saianam piapannal
cvam-ilus; ca-and; saiya-viaiam-ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad, wlo
ncvci dcviaics liom His vow; saiya-paiam-wlom is ilc Absoluic Tiuil (as siaicd
in ilc bcginning ol Siïmad-llagavaiam, saiyam paiam dlïmali); iii-saiyam-Hc is
always picscni as ilc Absoluic Tiuil, bcloic lic cciaiion ol ilis cosmic
manilcsiaiion, duiing iis mainicnancc, and cvcn alici iis annililaiion; saiyasya-ol
all iclaiivc woilds, wlicl aic cmanaiions liom ilc Absoluic Tiuil, Kisna; yonim-
ilc causc; niliiam-cnicicd; ca-and; saiyc-in ilc livc laciois ilaicicaic ilis maiciial
woild (namcly ilc livc clcmcnis - caiil, waici, liic, aii, and cilci); saiyasya-ol all
ilai is acccpicd as ilc iiuil; saiyam-ilc Loid is ilc oiiginal iiuil; iia-saiya-
nciiam-Hc is ilc oiigin ol wlaicvci iiuil is plcasing (su-niciam); saiyaimalam-
cvciyiling pciiaining io ilc Loid is iiuil (sac-cid-ananda- His body is iiuil, His
lnowlcdgc is iiuil, and His pclasuic is iiuil); ivam-unio You; saianam-ollciing
lull suiicndci; piapannal-wc aic complcicly undci Youi pioicciion.
Tlai ilc maiciial woild is ical loi ii is cicaicd by ilc Loid is also alliimcd by
ilc lollowing piayci (Siïmad-llagavaiam 10.2.26):
"O Loid, You ncvci dcviaic liom Youi vow, wlicl is always pcilcci bccausc
wlaicvci You dccidc is pcilccily coiicci and cannoi bc sioppcd by anyonc. lcing
picscni in ilc ilicc plascs ol cosmic manilcsiaiion-cicaiion, mainicnancc, and
annililaiion-You aic ilc Supicmc Tiuil. Indccd, unlcss onc is complcicly iiuillul,
onc cannoi aclicvc Youi lavoi, wlicl ilcicloic cannoi bc aclicvcd by lypociiics.
You aic ilc aciivc piinciplc, ilc ical iiuil, in all ilc ingicdicnis ol cicaiion, and
ilcicloic You aic lnown as Aniaiyamï, ilc innci loicc. You aic cqual io cvciyonc,
and Youi insiiuciions apply loi cvciyonc, loi all iimc. You aic ilc bcginning ol all
iiuil. Tlcicloic, ollciing oui obcisanccs, wc suiicndci unio You. Kindly givc us
pioicciion."¯
Tcxi 32
iiy aiia saiya-sanlalpaivam saiya-paiayanaivam sisiy-adi-lïla-iiaycsu saiyaivam.
saiyasya visvasya laianaivam. saiya cva visvc 'sminn aniaiyamiiaya siliiaivam.
saiyasya iasya saiyaia-lciuivam. saiya-vacanasyavyablicaii-disics ca
piavaiialaivam. saiya-iupaivam iiy cicsam aiilanam aliiam paiipaii ca
sangacclaic.
iii-ilus; aiia-lcic; saiya-sanlalpaivam-wlosc dcsiics aic always lullillcd; saiya-
paiayanaivam-bcing dcvoicd io ilc iiuil; sisiy-adi-bcginning wiil cicaiion; lïla-
iiaycsu-in ilicc pasiimcs; saiyaivam-iiuil; saiyasya-ol ilci iiuil; visvasya-ol ilc
univcisc; laianaivam-ilc siaic ol bcing ilc causc; saiya-iiuil; cva-indccd; visvc-in
ilc univcisc; 'sminn-in ilis; aniaiyamiiaya-as ilc aniaiyami; siliiaivam-siiuaicd;
saiyasya-ol ilc iiuil; iasya-ol ilis; saiyaia-ol iiuil; lciuivam-ilc siaic ol bcing ilc
causc; saiya-vacanasya-ol ilc woid "iiuil"; avyablicaii-wiiloiu wavciing; disicl-
liom ilc vision; ca-and; piavaiialaivam-ilc siaic ol bcing ilc cicaioi; saiya-
iupaivam-ilc loim ol ilc iiuil; iii-ilus; cicsam-ol ilcm; aiilanam-mcanings;
aliiam-donc; paiipaiï-aiiangcmcni; ca-and; sangacclaic-aiiains.
In ilis vcisc ii is said ilai bccausc ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad is
dcvoicd io ilc iiuil, and bccausc all His dcsiics aic ai oncc lullillcd, ilcicloic ilc
Loid's pasiimcs ol cicaiing, mainiaining, and dcsiioying ilc maiciial woilds is a
icaliiy. Ii is ilc iiuil. In ilis vcisc ilc liisi saiyasya" mcans "ol ilc maiciial
woild, wlicl is ical bccausc ilc Supicmc Loid is iis cicaioi", "saiyc" mcans "in
ilc maiciial woild, wlicl is ical bccausc ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad
siays wiilin ii as ilc Supcisoul", and ilc sccond "saiyasya" mcans "ol ilc maiciial
woild, wlicl is ical bccausc ilc Supicmc Loid is ilc oiigin liom wlcncc ii las
comc". Tlus ii is said lcic ilai ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad is ilc cicaioi
ol ilc maiciial woild, wlicl is again and again dcsciibcd lcic as ical (saiya). Tlai
is ilc mcaning ol ilcsc woids.
Tcxi 33
anyaila saiyasya yonim iiy adau iiayc iaiiapi niliiam ca saiya iiy aiialasmad
aidla-jaiaiïya-nyaycna lasia-lalpanamayaiilaniaic iu blagavaia sva-piaiisiuiam
saiya-liiam yai iai-iad-yuliam cvciy aio bialmadiblis iasya iaila siavc svaiasya-
blangal syai. pialiama-blangas ca. iasmai saiyam cva visvam iii siliiam. siuiayal
siï-blagavaniam.
anyaila-oilciwisc; saiyasya yonim iiy adau-bcginning wiililc woids "saiyasya
yonim; iiayc-in ilicc; iaiiapi-siill; niliiam-cnicicd; ca-and; saiya-iiuil; iii-ilus;
aiia-lcic; alasmai-suddcnly; aidla-jaiaiïya-nyaycna-by ilc analogy ol ilc lall-old
lady; lasia-lalpanamayaiila-in a dilliculi mcaning; aniaic-in anoilci; iu-indccd;
blagavaia-ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; sva-piaiisiuiam-own piomisc;
saiya-liiam-madc iiuil; yai-wlai; iai-iad-yuliam-wiil ilai; cva-indccd; iii-ilus;
aial-ilcn; bialmadiblil-by ilc dcmigods lcadcd by lialma; iasya-ol ilis; iaila-
ilcn; siavc-in ilc piayci; svaiasya-blangal-bicaling ilc suiiablcncss; syai-is;
pialiama-blangal-bicaling ilc scqucncc; ca-and; iasmai-liom ilai; saiyam-iiuil;
cva-indccd; visvam-ilc univcisc; iii-ilus; siliiam-siiuaicd; siuiayal-ilc
Pcisonilicd Vcdas; siï-blagavaniam-io ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad.
Tlc ilicc woids siaicmcnis "saiyasya yonim", niliiam", and "saiyc" alliim
ilai ilc maiciial woild is ical. Only wiil a vciy laboicd and unnaiuial
inicipiciaiion can onc avoid acccpiing ilis iiuil. Also, onc cannoi acccpi ilc
oilci siaicmcnis ol ilc sciipiuics and icjcci ilis siaicmcni. Tlc sciipiuics musi bc
acccpicd as a wlolc, wiiloui acccpiing somc paiis and icjcciing oilcis. Tlis is
cxplaincd in ilc cxamplc ol aidla-jaiaiïya-nyaya. In ilis way ii is alliimcd ilai ilc
Loid lccps His piomisc and ilc maiciial woild is a icaliiy. To inicipici ilis vcisc
in any oilci way would bical ilc logical and giammaiical scnsc ol ilis vcisc,
wlicl was spolcn by lialma and ilc dcmigods. In ilis way ii is piovcd ilai ilc
maiciial woild is ical,. Tlc vcisc quoicd in ilc bcginning ol ilis anucclcda was
spolcn by ilc Pcisonilicd Vcdas io ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad.
Anuccheda 72
Tcxi 1
iad cvam na yad idam agia asa iiy ancna pialiia-layc 'pi sai-laiya-vadc
'nugamiial. aiyaniilc iu molsa-lalsana-layc na piilivy-adïnam nasal. jïva-liicna
iaila blavana-maiicna svablavila-paiamaima-salii-mayanam icsam nasayulicl.
iai-ilai; cvam-ilus; na yad idam agia asa iiy ancna-in Siïmad-llagavaiam
10.S7.37; pialiia-layc-in maiciial dcsiiuciion; 'pi-also; sai-laiya-vadc-in ilc
plilosoply ilai ilc maiciial woild is ical; 'nugamiial-is acccpicd; aiyaniilc-
gicaily; iu-indccd; molsa-lalsana-layc-in dcsiiuciion claiaciciizcd by libciaiion;
na-noi; piilivy-adïnam-ol ilc clcmcnis bcginning wiil caiil; nasal-dcsiiuciion;
jïva-liicna-donc by ilc individual spiiii souls; iaila-so; blavana-maiicna-simply
by imaginaiion; svablavila-paiamaima-salii-mayanam-consisiing ol ilc naiuial
poicncy ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; icsam-ol ilcm; nasa-dcsiiuciion;
ayulicl-bccausc ol bcing illogical.
In Siïmad-llagavaiam (10.S7.27) ii is said:
"Tlc cosmic manilcsiaiion, bccausc ol ilc lliclciing naiuic ol iis impcimancni
cxisicncc, appcais io lcss-iniclligcni mcn io bc lalsc."¯
In ilis way ii is undcisiood ilai cvcn alici ilc iimc ol cosmic dcvasiaiion, ilc
maiciial cncigy coniinucs io cxisi. Hcic ilc woid "cosmic dcvasiaiion" iclcis io
libciaiion liom ilc maiciial woild. Ii docs noi dcsciibc ilc dcsiiuciion ol ilc
clcmcni caiil and ilc oilci maiciial clcmcnis. Tlcicloic ii is noi ai all logical io
say ilai ilc maiciial clcmcnis, wlicl aic all poicncics ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy
ol Godlcad, can bc dcsiioycd by ilc imaginaiion oi ilc wlim ol individual spiiii
souls.
Tcxi 2
labdla-molscsu siï-paiïlsid-adisu iad-dcla-silanam api piilivy-ady-amsanam
siliicl siavanai iaila liianyagaiblamsanam buddly-adïnam api blavisyaii. aias
icsv adlyasa-paiiiyaga cvaiyaniila-laya iiy ucyaic.
labdla-obiaincd; molscsu-libciaiion; siï-paiïlsid-adisu-bcginning wiil Siï
Paiilsii; iad-dcla-silanam-ilc placc ol ilc body; api-also; piilivy-adi-bcginning
wiil caiil; amsanam-ol paiis; siliicl-liom ilc siiuaiion; siavanai-by lcaiing;
iaila-so; liianyagaiblamsanam-ol ilc paiis ol Hiianyagaibla; buddly-adïnam-
bcginning wiil iniclligcncc; api-also; blavisyaii-will bc; aial-ilcn; icsv-in ilcm;
adlyasa-icsidcncc; paiiiyaga-icnunciaiion; cva-indccd; aiyaniila-gicai; laya-
dcvasiaiion; iii-ilus; ucyaic-is said.
In ilc sciipiuics' dcsciipiion ol low King Paiïlsii and oilci gicai souls
aiiaincd libciaiion ii is said ilai ilc soul ilcn lcavcs iis lomc in ilc maiciial body
madc ol caiil, iniclligcncc, and a losi ol oilci ingicdicnis ilai aic paii and paiccl
ol ilc Hiianyagaibla (univcisal loim). Tlis dcpaiiuic ol ilc soul liom ilc
maiciial body is callcd "ilc gicai dcvasiaiion".
Tcxi 3
aia cva
glaic blinnc glaialasa
alasal syad yaila puia
cvam dclc miic jïvo
bialma sampadyaic punal. iiy aiia.
aia cva-ilcicloic; glaic-poi; blinnc-biolcn; glaialasa-ilc sly wiilin ilc poi;
alasal-sly; syai-is; yaila-as; puia-bcloic; cvam-ilus; dclc-ilc body; miic-dcad;
jïval-ilc soul; bialma-spiiii; sampadyaic-aiiains; punal-again; iii-ilus; aiia-lcic.
Tlis gicai dcvasiaiion is also dcsciibcd in ilcsc woids ol Siïmad-llagavaiam
(12.5.5 and 12.5.11-12):
"Wlcn a poi is biolcn, ilc poiiion ol ilc sly wiilin ilc poi icmains as ilc
clcmcni sly, jusi as bcloic. In ilc samc way, wlcn ilc gioss and subilc bodics dic,
ilc living cniiiy wiilin icsumcs lis spiiiiual idcniiiy."¯¯¯
Tcxi +
iaila
cvam samïlsya caimanam
aimany adlaya nislalc
dasaniam ialsalam padc
lclilanam visananail
na dialsyasi saiïiam ca
visvam ca piilag aimanal
iaila-so; cvam-ilus; samïlsya-sccing; ca-and; aimanam-scll; aimani-in ilcscll;
adlaya-acccpiing; nislalc-puic; dasaniam-biiing; ialsalam-Talsala; padc-in ilc
looi; lclilanam-licling; visananail-wiil poison mouils; na-noi; dialsyasi-you will
scc; saiïiam-body; ca-and; visvam-maiciial univcisc; ca-and; piilag-dillcicni;
aimanal-liom ilc scll.
"Tlus icsigning youiscll io ilc Supicmc Soul, wlo is licc liom all maiciial
misidcniilicaiions, you will noi cvcn noiicc ilc snalc-biid Talsala wlcn lc
appioaclcs you wiil lis poison-lillcd langs and biics youi looi. Noi will you scc
youi dying body oi ilc maiciial woild aiound you, bccausc you will lavc icalizcd
youiscll io bc scpaiaic liom ilcm."¯¯¯
Tcxi 5
iiy aiiapy upadlcl samyoga cva paiiiyajyaic. na iu iasya miilyaivam
piaiipadyaic. iaila li buddlïndiiyciy adi pialaianam. iaiia iad-asiayaiva-iai-
pialasyaiva-iad-avyaiiiiliaivcblyo lciublyo buddlïndiiyadïnam paiamaima-
svablava-salii-mayaivam ala
iii-ilus; aiia-lcic; api-also; upadlcl-ol ilc maiciial dcsignaiion; samyoga-
coniaci; cva-indccd; paiiiyajyaic-is icjccicd; na-noi; iu-bui; iasya-ol ilai;
miilyaivam-lalsiiy; piaiipadyaic-is acccpicd; iaila-so; li-indccd; buddlïndiiyciy
adi-bcginnignw iil iniclligcncc and scnscs; pialaianam-cxplanaiion; iaiia-ilcic;
iad-asiayaiva-ilc slclici ol ilai; iai-pialasyaiva-io bc manilcsicd; iad-
avyaiiiiliaivcblyal-dillcicni liom ilai; lciublyal-liom ilc causcs;
buddlïndiiyadïnam-bcginning wiil ilc iniclligcncc and scnscs; paiamaima-
svablava-salii-mayaivam-consisiing ol ilc poicncy ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad; ala-said.
lccausc ilc soul in ilis way lcavcs all coniaci wiil ilc maiciial body, ii is sccn
ilai ilc maiciial body is noi an illusion. In anoilci placc in Siïmad-llagavaiam,
wlcic ilc iniclligcncc, scnscs, and oilci aspccis ol ilc maiciial body aic
discusscd, ii is said ilai ilc iniclligcncc, scnscs, and oilci paiis ol ilc maiciial
body aic all manilcsicd liom ilc poicncy ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad,
loi ilcy lavc Him as ilcii uliimaic basis and ilcii cicaioi, and bccausc ilcy aic, in
onc scnsc, noi dillcicni liom Him. Tlis is dcsciibcd in ilc lollowing woids
(Siïmad-llagavaiam 12.+.23):
Tcxi 6
buddlïndiiyaiila-iupcna
jnanam blaii iad-asiayam
disyaivavyaiiiclablyam
ady-ania-vad avasiu yai
buddli-iniclligcncc; indiiya-scnscs; aiila-iupcna-scnsc objccis; jnanam-
lnowlcdgc; blaii-manilcsis; iad-asiayam-slclici; disyaiva-maling visiblc;
avyaiiiclablyam-non-dillcicncc; ady-ania-vai-posscssing bcginning and cnd; a-
vasiu-insubsianiial; yai-wlai.
"Ii is ilc Absoluic Tiuil alonc wlo manilcsis in ilc loims ol iniclligcncc, ilc
scnscs, and ilc objccis ol scnsc pciccpiion, and wlo is ilcii uliimaic basis.
Wlaicvci las a bcginning and an cnd is insubsianiial bccausc ol bcing an objcci
pciccivcd by limiicd scnscs and bccausc ol bcing non-dillcicni liom iis own
causc."¯¯¯
Tcxi 7
aniallaiana-balil-laiana-visaya-iupcna paiamaima-lalsanam jnanam cva
blaii. iasmad ananyad cva buddly-adi-vasiv iiy aiilal. yaias iad asiayam icsam
asiaya-iupam iaj jnanam. llïbaivam aisam.
aniallaiana-inicinal scnscs; balil-laiana-cxicinal scnscs; visaya-iupcna-wiil
ilc iangc ol pciccpiion; paiamaima-lalsanam-claiaciciizcd by ilc Supcisoul;
jnanam-lnowlcdgd; cva-indccd; blaii-ios manilcsicd; iasmai-liom ilai; ananyai-
wiiloui anoilci; cva-indccd; buddly-adi-vasiv-bcginning wiil iniclligcncc; iii-
ilus; aiilal-ilc mcaning; yaial-liom wlicl; iai-ilai; asiayam-slclici; icsam-ol
ilcm; asiaya-iupam-as ilc slclici; iaj-ilai; jnanam-lnowlcdgc;. llibaivam-ncuici;
aisam-ilc pociic liccnsc ol ilc sagcs.
Hcic ilc woids "jnanam blaii" mcans "ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad
manilcsis as ilc inicinal and cxicinal scnscs". Tlis mcans ilai ilc Supicmc Loid
is, in onc scnsc, noi dillcicni liom ilcm. Hcic ilc woid "iad-asiayam" mcans ilai
ilc Supicmc Loid is ilc slclici in wlicl ilcy icsi. Tlc usc ol ilc ncuici gcndci in
ilis woid is ilc pociic liccnsc ol ilc sagcs.
Tcxi S
iailapi iaja-bliiyayoi ivaiyania cva blcdal syai. iaiia lciv-aniaic 'py ala
disyaivam iai-pialasyaivam. avyaiiiclas iad-vyaiiiclc 'vyaiiiclas iablyam.
iailapi-siill; iaja-ol a ling; bliiyayol-and a scivani; iva-lilc; aiyania-gicai; cva-
indccd; blcdal-dillcicncc; syai-is; iaiia-ilcic; lciv-aniaic-in anoilci icason; 'pi-
also; ala-said; disyaivam-diisyaivam; iai-pialasyaivam-ilc manilcsioi ol ilai;
avyaiiiclal-noi dillcicni; iad-vyaiiiclc-dillcicni; 'vyaiiiclal-noi dillcicni;
iablyam-by boil.
As a ling and a scivani aic vciy dillcicni, so ilc Loid is vciy dillcicni liom
ilcsc, His cicaiions. Hcic ilc woid disyaiva" mcans "Hc wlo manilcsis", and
avyaiiiclal" mcans simuliancously onc and dillcicni".
Tcxi 9
iasmai cla-dcsa-siliiasyagnci jyoisna visiaiinï yaila iiy adi vad buddly-adïnam
iai-svablavila-saliimayaivam cva scisyaiïii blaval.
iasmai-ilcicloic; cla-dcsa-siliiasyagnci jyoisna visiaiinï yaila iiy adi-Siï Visnu
Puiana 1.22.55; vai-lilc; buddly-adïnam-bcginning wiil ilc iniclligcncc; iai-
svablavila-saliimayaivam-bcing His own poicncy; cva-indccd; scisyaiïii blaval-is
ilc mcaning.
Tlis dcsciibcd in ilc lollowing woids ol Siï Visnu Puiana (1.22.55):
"Jusi as ilc illuminaiion ol a liic, wlicl is siiuaicd in onc placc, is spicad all
ovci, ilc cncigics ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad, ilc Paiabialman, aic
spicad all ovci ilis univcisc."¯
In ilis way ii is sccn ilai ilc iniclligcncc, scnscs, and oilci ingicdicnis ol ilc
maiciial body aic all manilcsicd liom ilc poicncy ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad. Tlai is ilc mcaning.
Tcxi 10
yai llalv ady-aniavad vanig-viily-adau siddlam suliy-adau ladacid
cvaiopiiam iajaiam iai punai avasiu iad-asiayalaiva-iai-pialasyaiva-iad-
vyaiiiclablavai suliy-adi-vasiu na blavaii. suliy-adiblyo 'nanyan na blavaiïiy
aiilal.iaias caila-vijnancna saiva-vijnana-piaiijna viiudlycicii blaval. cvam asai-
laiya-vadaniaic 'pi jncyam.
yai-wlai; llalv-indccd; ady-aniavai-posscssing a bcginning and an cnd; vanig-
viily-adau-bcginning wiil ilc pail ol mcilcnais; siddlam-piovcd; suliy-adau-
bcginning wiil ilc scaslcll; ladacii-somciimcs; cva-indccd; aiopiiam-aiiilical
imposiiion; iajaiam-silvci; iai-iali; punal-again; avasiu-insubsianiial; iad-
asiayalaiva-ilc slclici ol ilai; iai-pialasyaiva-ilc manilcsioi ol ilai; iad-
vyaiiicla-noi dillcicni liom ilai; ablavai-bccausc ol ilc non-cxisicncc; suliy-adi-
vasiu-ilings ilai bcgin wiil ilc scaslcll; na-noi; blavaii-is; suliy-adiblyal-
bcginning wiil ilc scaslcll; 'nanyan-noi dillcicni; na-noi; blavaii-is; iii-ilus;
aiilal-ilc mcaning; iaial-ilcn; ca-and; cla-vijnancna-wiil onc lnowlcdgc; saiva-
vijnana-piaiijna-all-lnowing; viiudlycia-is icluicd; iii-ilus; blaval-ilc mcaning;
cvam-ilus; asai-laiya-vadaniaic-dillcicni liom ilc vicw ilai ilc maiciisl woild is
unical; 'pi-also; jncyam-io bc undcisiood.
Hcic ilc woids "ady-ania-vad avasiu" indicaic ilai ilc maiciial woild is noi an
illusion, lilc ilc illusion ol silvci ilai gliiicis on a scaslcll. Tlc cxamplc ol ilc
scaslcll is noi appiopiiaic, loi ilc scaslcll is noi ilc slclici oi manilcsioi ol ilc
woild, noi is ii, in onc scnsc, non-dillcicni liom ilc woild. Tlcicloic ilis cxamplc
cannoi bc uscd io dcsciibc ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad and ilc maiciial
woild. In ilis way ilc ilcoiy ol ilcy wlo asscii ilai ilc maiciial woild is unical is
icluicd.
Anuccheda 73
Tcxi 1
clasyapi vasiuno ''msa-blcdcnasiayasiayiivam svayam cva disianicna spasiayaii
clasya-ol monc; api-aslo; vasiunal-in iiuil; amsa-a paii; blcdcna-wiil ilc
dillcicncc; asiaya-slclici; asiayiivamilc siaius ol ilcy wlo ialc slclici; svayam-
pcisonally; cva-indccd; disianicna-by an cxamplc; spasiayaii-claiilics.
Tlai ilc Supicmc Loid, wlo is ilc slclici ol all, is in onc scnsc noi dillcicni
liom all ol cxisicncc, wlicl ialcs slclici ol Him, is clcaily cxplaincd by ilc
lollowing cxamplc givcn by Siïmad-llagavaiam (12.+.2+):
Tcxi 2
dïpas calsus ca iupam ca
jyoiiso na piilag blavci
cvam dlïl llani maiias ca
na syui anyaiamad iiai
dïpal-lamp; calsul-cycs; ca-and; iupam-loim; ca-and; jyoiisal-ol ligli; na-noi;
piilag-dillcicni; blavci-may bc; cvam-ilus; dlïl-iniclligcncc; llani-sly; maiial-
ilc scnsc objccis; ca-and; na-noi; syul-aic; anyaiamai-liom wlai is dillcicni; iiai-
dillcicni.
"A lamp, ilc cyc ilai vicws by ilc ligli ol ilai lamp, and ilc visiblc loim ilai
is vicwcd aic all basically non-dillcicni liom ilc clcmcni liic. In ilc samc way,
iniclligcncc, ilc scnscs, and scnsc pciccpiions lavc no cxisicncc scpaiaic liom ilc
supicmc icaliiy, alilougl ilai Absoluic Tiuil icmains ioially disiinci liom
ilcm."¯¯¯
Tcxi 3
dïpas calsu-iupanam mala-bluia-jyoiii-amsa-iupaivad dipadilam na iaial
piilal. cvam dïpa-piabliiini iiai piamaimano na piilal syul. iailapi yaila
mala-bluia-jyoiii dïpadi-doscna na lipyaic. iaila buddly-adi-doscna
paiamaimapi. iadvad asyapy anyaiamaivad iiy ala anyaiamad iii.
dïpal-lamp; calsu-iupanam-ol cycs; mala-bluia-jyoiii-amsa-iupaivai-bccausc
laving ilc naiuic ol a paiiiclc ol ligli; dipadilam-bcginning wiil ilc lamp; na-
noi; iaial-liom ilai; piilal-dillcicni; cvam-ilus; dïpa-piabliiini-bcginning wiil
ilc lamp; iiai-dillcicni; piamaimanal-liom ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad;
na-noi; piilal-dillcicni; syul-aic; iailapi-siill; yaila-as; mala-bluia-jyoiil-ilc
gicai ligli; dïpadi-doscna-wiil ili dclcci ol ilc lamps and oilci ilings; na-noi;
lipyaic-is iouclcd; iaila-so; buddly-adi-doscna-wiil ilci lauli lo ilc ilings ilai
bcgin wiil iniclligcncc; paiamaima-ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; api-also;
iadvai-in ilc samc way; asya-ol ilai; api-also; anyaiamaivai-bccauswc ol bcing
dillcicni; iii-ilus; ala-said; anyaiamai-dillcicni; iii-ilus.
Hcic ilc woids "na piilal" mcan "A lamp, ilc cyc ilai vicws by ilc ligli ol
ilai lamp, and ilc visiblc loim ilai is vicwcd aic all basically non-dillcicni liom
ilc clcmcni liic." "Na piilal" also mcans "In ilc samc way, iniclligcncc, ilc
scnscs, and scnsc pciccpiions lavc no cxisicncc scpaiaic liom ilc supicmc
icaliiy." Siill, ilc Supicmc Loid is noi iouclcd by any ol ilc dclccis picscni in ilc
lamp, ilc iniclligcncc, oi any oilci lilc iling. Tlai is wly ilis vcisc dcclaics ilai
ilc Supicmc Loid is also dillcicni liom His cicaiion (anyaiamai).
Anuccheda 7+
Tcxi 1
iad cvam dlï-piabliiïnam paiamaima-svablavila-saliimayaivam uliva iailapi
icblyo baliianga-saliimaycblyo 'niaianga-salii-iaiasila-salii-visisia-
paiamaimano 'nyaiamaivcna icsam asuddlaiva-vyanjanaya sadosaivam uliva icsu
dlï-piabliiisu adlyasam piaiiyajayiium iisisu dlï-viiiisu iavac cluddlasyaiva
jïvasya salaianam adlyasam ala
iai-ilai; cvam-ilus; dli-piabliiïnam-bcginning wiil iniclligcncc; paiamaima-
svablavila-saliimayaivam-consisiing ol ilc poicncy ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad; uliva-saying; iailapi-siill; icblyal-liom ilcm; baliianga-
saliimaycblyal-madc ol ilc Loid's ccicinal poicncy; 'niaianga-salii-ilc inicinal
poicncy; iaiasila-salii-maiginal poicncy; visisia-spccilic; paiamaimanal-ol ilc
Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; 'nyaiamaivcna-by bcing dillcicni; icsam-ol ilcm;
asuddlaiva-ol impuiiiy; vyanjanaya-manilcsiing; sadosaivam-dclcci; uliva-saying;
icsu-in ilcm; dli-piabliiisu-bcginning wiil iniclligcncc; adlyasam-icsidcncc;
piaiiyajayiium-io abandon; iisisu-ilicc; dli-viiiisu-in ilc aciions ol ilc
iniclligcncc; iavac-io ilai cxicni; cluddlasya-puic; cva-indccd; jïvasya-ol ilc
individual spoiiii soul; salaianam-wiil ilc scnscs; adlyasam-icdicncc; ala-said.
Alilougl ii las bccn said ilai ilc iniclligcncc and oilci ingicdicnis ol ilc
maiciial body aic all manilcsicd liom ilc Supicmc Loid's own poicncy, siill ilcsc
ingicdicnis ol ilc maiciial body aic ilc Loid's cxicinal poicncy, wlicl is dillcicni
liom ilc Loid's inicinal poicncy and liom ilc maiginal poicncy, wlicl is ilc
individual spiiii souls. Tlc cxicinal poicncy is impuic and lull ol laulis. Tlai is
wly ilc puic spiiii soul lcavcs iis lomc in ilc maiciial body. Tlc maiciial body is
dcsciibcd in ilcsc woids ol Siïmad-llagavaiam (12.+.25):
Tcxi 2
buddlci jagaianam svapnal
susupiii iii cocyaic
maya-maiiam idam iajan
nanaivam piaiyag aimani
buddlcl-ol iniclligcncc; jagaianam-walclulncss; svapnal-dicam; susupiil-
diwamlcss slccp; iii-ilus; ca-also; ucyaic-is said; maya-ilc maya poicncy; maiiam-
alonc; idam-ilis; iajan-O ling; nanaivam-vaiiciy; piaiyag-dillcicni; aimani-in ilc
scll.
"Tlc ilicc siaics ol iniclligcncc aic callcd waling consciousncss, dicam, and
dicamlcss slccp. O ling, ilcsc vaiious siaics aic all manilcsicd liom ilc Loid's
maya poicncy."
Tcxi 3
buddli-viiii-iupam jagaianam svapnal susupiii iiïdam piaiyag aimani suddla-
jïvc visva-iaijasa-piajnaivallyam nanaivam maya-maiiam maya-liiadlyasa-
maiicna jaiam iiy aiilal.
buddli-viiii-iupam-ilc aciiviiics ol ilc iniclligcncc; jagaianam-waling;
svapnal-slccp; susupiil-dicamlcss slccp; iii-ilus; idam-ilis; piaiyag-dillcicni;
aimani-in ilcscll; suddla-jïvc-in ilc puic spiiii soul; visva-iaijasa-
piajnaivallyam-callcd maiciial consciousncss; nanaivam-vaiiciy; maya-maiiam-
madc ol ilc maya poicncy; maya-liia-madc by maya; adlyasa-icsidcncc; maiicna-
only by; jaiam-manilcsicd; iii-ilus; aiilal-ilc mcaning.
Hcic ilc woids "jagaianam svapnal susupiii iii idam" dcsciibc ilc aciiviiics ol
ilc iniclligcncc, piaiyag-aimani" mcans "in ilc puic spiiii soul", nanaivam"
mcans "maiciial consciousncss", and maya-maiiam" mcans "madc ol ilc maya
poicncy". Tlai is ilc mcaning.
Anuccheda 75
Tcxi 1
iaial paiamaimani buddly-adi-mayasya jagaial saio 'pi sampailal suiaiam
nasiïiy ala
iaial-ilcn; paiamaimani-in ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; buddly-adi-
mayasya-madc ol ilc maicciial lcaiuics ilai bcgin wiil ilc iniclligcncc; jagaial-ol
ilc maiciial univcisc; saial-ical; 'pi-alilougl; sampailal-union; suiaiam-gicaily;
na-noi; asii-is; iii-ilus; ala-said.
Alilougl ilc maiciial woild, wlicl consisis ol ilc iniclligcncc and many oilci
lilc ingicdicnis, icsis wiilin Him, ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad icmains
ncvciilclcss uniouclcd and unallccicd by ii. Tlis is dcsciibcd in ilc lollowing
woids ol Siïmad-llagavaiam (12.+.26):
Tcxi 2
yaila jaladlaia vyomni
blavanii na blavanii ca
bialmanïdam iaila visvam
avayavy-udayapyayai
yaila-as; jaladlaia-clouds; vyomni-in ilc sly; blavanii-aic; na-noi; blavanii-
aic; ca-and; bialmani-in ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; idam-ilis; iaila-so;
visvam-maiciial univcisc; avayavi-bccausc ol cicaiion; udayapyayai-and
dcsiiuciion.
"As in ilc sly somciimcs ilcic aic clouds and somciimcs ilcic aic no clouds,
so in ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad somciimcs ilcic is a maiciial woild and
somciimcs ilcic is noi. Tlis is bccausc somciimcs ilc maiciial woild is manilcsicd
and somciimcs ii is dissolvcd."
Tcxi 3
yaila vyomni vyoma-laiya-vayu-jyoiil-salila-paiilivamsa-dluma-paiinaia
jaladlaial svcsam cvavayavinam udayad blavanii disyanic. apyayan na blavnii na
disyanic ca. ic ca ian na spisaniïiy aiilal. iaila bialmanïdam visvam iii yojyam.
avayavi silula-iupam visvam. udayal puiusoiiama-disii-jaial spasii-blaval.
apyayas iad-disii-nimïlana-jaias iad-vipaiyayal. iaial sulsma-iupcna iasya siliiii
asiy cva. jagac clalii-visisia-laianasiiivai.
yaila-as; vyomni-in ilc sly; vyoma-sly; laiya-cllcci; vayu-wind; jyoiil-ligli;
salila-waici; paiiliva-caiil; amsa-paiiiclcs; dluma-smolc; paiinaia-iiansloimcd;
jaladlaial-clouds; svcsam-own; cva-indccd; avayavinam-wlolc; udayai-cicaiion;
blavanii-is; disyanic-sccn; apyayan-liom dcsiiuciion; na-noi; blavnii-is; na-noi;
disyanic-is sccn; ca-and; ic-ilcy; ca-and; ian-io ilcm; na-noi; spisanii-ioucl; iii-
ilus; aiilal-ilc mcaning; iaila-so; bialmani-in ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad; idam-ilis; visvam-univcisc; iii-ilis; yojyam-is appiopiiaic; avayavi-ilc
wlolc; silula-iupam-ilc gicai loim; visvam-ilc univcisc; udayal-manilcsiaiion;
puiusoiiama-disii-jaial-boin liom ilc glancc opl ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad; spasii-blaval-madc clcai; apyayal-dissolluiion; iad-disii-nimïlana-
jaial-boin liom closing His cycs; iad-vipaiyayal-ilc opposiic ol ilai; iaial-ilcn;
sulsma-iupcna-wiil a subilc loim; iasya-ol ilai; siliiil-coniinucd cxisicncc; asii-
is; cva-indccd; jagac-ilc univcisc; clalii-visisia-laianasiiivai-bccausc ol bcing onc
ilc ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad's poicncics.
Hcic ilc woids "yaila jaladlaia vyomni" mcan as in ilc sly ilcic aic many
clouds, wlicl consisi ol wind, ligli, waici, dusi, and smolc manilcsicd liom ilc
sly", blavanii" mcans "aic sccn io bc manilcsicd liom ilc wlolc, and aic ilus
visiblc", and "na blavanii" mcans aic noi manilcsicd, and aic ilus invisiblc". In
ilis way ilc clouds do noi diiccily ioucl oi allcci ilc sly iiscll. ilai is ilc
mcaning. Tlc woids "bialmanïdam iaila visvam" aic appiopiiaic as paii ol ilis
cxamplc. "Avayavi" mcans ilc gicai loim ol ilc univcisc", "udaya" mcans
manilcsicd liom ilc Supicmc Loid's glancc", and apyaya" mcans "dissolvcd
wlcn ilc Supicmc Loid closcs His cycs". Lvcn alici ii is dissolvcd, ilc maiciial
woild coniinucs io cxisi in a subilc siaic. Tlis is so bccausc ii is onc ol ilc
Supicmc Loid's poicncics.
Tcxi +
iiilam cvoliam saio 'blivyanjalal lalal iii.
iiilam-in ilis way; cva-indccd; uliam-said; saio 'blivyanjalal lalal iii-Siïmad-
llagavaiam 11.2+.19.
Tlis is dcsciibcd in ilc lollowing woids ol Siïmad-llagavaiam (11.2+.19):
"Timc ilus manilcsis ilc maiciial woild, wlicl is ical and cicinal."
Anuccheda 76
Tcxi 1
iad cvam valium laianasiiivam disianicna piaiipadayaii
iai-ilai; cvam-ilus; valium-io say; laianasiiivam-as ilw causc; disianicna-
wiil an cxamplc; piaiipadayaii-slows
Tlai ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad is ilc causc ol ilc maiciial woild is
slown by ilc lollowing cxamplc (Siïmad-llagavaiam 12.5.27):
Tcxi 2
saiyam ly avayaval piolial
saivavayavinam ila
vinaiilcna piaiïycian
paiasycvanga ianiaval
saiyam-iiuil; li-indccd; avayaval-wlolc; piolial-said; saivavayavinam-ol all
paiis; ila-lcic; vina-wiiloui; aiilcna-wiil ilc manilcsiaiion; piaiïycian-pciccivcd;
paiasya-ol cloil; iva-lilc; anga-O dcai onc; ianiaval-iicads.
"ilc Absoluic iiuil is ilc oiigin ol all. As ilicads may bc sccn as scpaiaic liom
ilc wlolc cloil, so ilc cicaiion may bc sccn io bc scpaiaic liom ilc Supicmc
Loid."
Tcxi 3
saivcsam avayavinam silula-vasiunam avayaval laianam saiyam saiyo
vyablicaia-ialiial piolial. lolc iaila daisanad iiy ala vincii. aiilcna silula-
iupcna paicnapi vina.
saivcsam-ol all; avayavinam-noi ilc wlolc; silula-vasiunam-ol gicai ilings;
avayaval-ilc wlolc; laianam-ilc causc; saiyam-iiuiil; saiyal-iiuil; vyablicaia-
ialiial-wiiloui clangc; piolial-said; lolc-in ilc woild; iaila-so; daisanai-liom
sccing; iii-ilus; ala-said; vina-wiiloui; iii-ilus; aiilcna-aiilcna; silula-iupcna-
wiil ilc gioss loim; paicna-by cloil; api-also; vina-wiiloui.
Hcic "saivavayavinam" mcans ol all ilc gioss ingicdicnis ol ilc maiciial
woild". "avayaval" mcans ilc causc", "saiyam" mcans "ilc Absoluic Tiuil", and
"piolial" mcans "is said io bc clangclcss". Tlcn an cxamplc liom ilc maiciial
woild is givcn. "Vina aiilcna" mcans "as ilc cniiic cloil is dillcicni".
Anuccheda 77
Tcxi 1
iasmin laiiasiiivam api vyaiiiclcna piaiipadayaii
iasmin-in ilai; laiiasiiivam-ilc siaius as cicaioi; api-also; vyaiiiclcna-wiil
dillcicni; piaiipadayaii-slows.
Tlai ilc Loid is ilc Supicmc Cicaioi is also dcsciibcd in ilcsc woids ol
Siïmad-llagavaiam (12.+.2S):
Tcxi 2
yai samanya-viscsablyam
upalablycia sa bliamal
yai-wlai; samanya-ilc samc; viscsablyam-and dillcicni; upalablycia-is
pciccivcd; sa-ilai; bliamal-a misialc.
"Ii is a misialc io ilinl in icims ol ilc wlolc and ilc paii."
Tcxi 3
ayam aiilal. yady cvam ucyaic. puivam sulsmalaicnapi jagan nasïi. liniu
samanyam lcvalam suddlam bialmaivasïi iad cva saliya nimiiia-bluiaya
viscsalaicna jagad-iupcna paiinaiam iii. iad asai. yaio yad cva samanya-
viscsablyam upalablycia sa bliamo vivaiia-vada cva. iaiia li suddlam
bialmaivajnana-iupaya saliya jagai iaya viviiam iii maiam. na casmalam iad-
ablyupapaiiil. paiinama-vadasya sai-laiyaia-puivalaivad iiy aiilal.
ayam-ilis; aiilal-ilc mcaning; yadi-il; cvam-ilus; ucyaic-is said; puivam-
bcloic; sulsmalaicna-in a subilc loim; api-also; jagan-ilc univcisc; na-noi; asïi-
was; liniu-lowcvci; samanyam-cqualiiy; lcvalam-only; suddlam-puic; bialma-
lialman; cva-indccd; asïi-was; iai-ilai; cva-indccd; saliya-wiil ilc poicncy;
nimiiia-bluiaya-ilc causc; viscsalaicna-wiil a spccilic loim; jagad-iupcna-wiil
ilc loim ol ilc univcisc; paiinaiam-iiansloimcd; iii-ilus; iai-ilai; asai-asai; yaial-
liom wlicl; yai-wlicl; cva-indccd; samanya-viscsablyam-ilc samc and dillcicni;
upalablycia-is pciccivcd; sa-ilai; bliamal-misialc; vivaiia-vada-ilc ilcoiy ol
iiansloimaiion; cva-indccd; iaiia-ilcic; li-indccd; suddlam-puic; bialma-
lialma; acva-indccd; ajnana-ol ignoiancc; iupaya-wioil ilc naiuic; saliya-wiil
ilc poicncy; jagai-ilc univcisc; iaya-by ilai; viviiam-manilcsicd; iii-ilus; maiam-
ilougli; na-noi; ca-and; asmalam-ol us; iad-ablyupapaiiil-agiccmcni; paiinama-
vadasya-ol ilc ilcoiy ol iiansloimaiion; sai-ical; laiyaia-ilc naiuic ol ilc cllcci;
puivalaivai-liom bcloic; iii-ilus; aiilal-ilc mcaning.
Hcic is ilc mcaning. Somconc may say: "lcloic ilc cicaiion ilc maiciial woild
did noi cxisi in a subilc loim. Ai ilai iimc only ilc puic Supicmc lialman
cxisicd. Tlcn, by ilc agcncy ol His own poicncy, ilc Supicmc lialman
iiansloimcd Himscll inio ilc maiciial woild. Tlcicloic ilc maiciial woild is noi
ical. Ii is an illusion." Tlis ilcoiy, callcd vivaiia-vada (ilc ilcoiy ol
iiansloimaiion), is cxpoundcd lcic in ilc woids "samanya-viscsablyam
upalablycia sa bliamal". Accoiding io ilis ilcoiy ilc Supicmc lialman cmploys
His poicncy ol ignoiancc io manilcsi ilc maiciial woild. Wc do noi acccpi ilis
ilcoiy ol iiansloimaiion. ilc aciual iiuil, ilai ilc maiciial woild is indccd ical,
las alicady bccn piovcd in ilis bool.
Anuccheda 78
Tcxi 1
nanv apuivam cva laiyam aiambla-vivaiia-vadinam iva yusmalam api jayaiam.
iaiiala
nanv-is ii noi so; apuivam-noi bcloic; cva-indccd; laiyam-ilc cllcci; aiambla-
vivaiia-vadinam-ol ilcy wlo say in ilc bcginning ilcic was a iiansloimaiion; iva-
lilc; yusmalam-ol us; api-also; jayaiam-is boin; iaiia-ilcic; ala-said.
Hcic somconc may pioicsi: "Tlc cllcci cannoi cxisi bcloic ii is manilcsicd.
Tlcicloic wc agicc wiil ilc vivaiia-vada (ilcoiy ol iiansloimaiion)."
Il ilis pioicsi is said, ilcn ilc lollowing answci is givcn by Siïmad-llagavaiam
(12.5.2S):
Tcxi 2
anyonyapasiayai saivam adyania-vad avasiu yai.
anyonya-muiual; apasiayai-bccausc ol dcpcndcncc; saivam-all; adyania-vai-
p"osscssing bcginning and cnd; avasiu-insubisaniial; yai-wlai.
"Tlc wlolc and ilc paii dcpcnd on cacl oilci loi cxisicncc. Tlcicloic all ilai
las a bcginning and an cnd is insubsianiial."
Tcxi 3
yad ady-ania-vad apuivam laiyam iai punai avasiu niiupanasalam iiy aiilal.
iaiia lciul anyonyapasiayai. yavai laiyam na jayaic. iavai laianaivam mic-
cluliy-adci na sidlyaii. laianaivasiddlau ca laiyam na jayaia cvcii paiaspaia-
sapclsaiva-dosai. iaial laianaiva-siddlayc laiya-saliis iaiiavasyam
ablyupaganiavya. sa ca laiya-sulsmavasilaivcii laiyasiiivam sidlyaii. iailapi
silula-iupaia-padalaivan mid-adcl laianaivam api sidlyaiïii blaval.
yai-wlai; ady-ania-vai-posscssing a bcginning and an cnd; apuivam-noi bcloic;
laiyam-ilc cllcci; iai-ilai; punal-again; avasiu-is said; niiupana-dcsciipiion;
asalam-unablc; iii-ilus; aiilal-ilc mcaning; iaiia-ilcic; lciul-ilc icason;
anyonyapasiayai-bccausc ol muiual dcpcndcncc; yavai-as lai as; laiyam-cllcci; na-
noi pioduccd; jayaic; iavai-io ilai cxicni; laianaivam-ilc siaius lo ilc causc; mic-
cluliy-adcl-bcginning wiil ilc poicncy ol caiil; na-noi; sidlyaii-is piovcd;
laianaiva-ol bcing ilc causc; asiddlau-in ilc lacl ol piool; ca-and; laiyam-cllcci;
na-noi; jayaia-is pioduccd; cva-indccd; iii-ilus; paiaspaia-sapclsaiva-dosai-
bccausc ol ilc dclcci ol muiual dcpcndcncc; iaial-ilcn; laianaiva-siddlayc-io
piovc ilc siaius as ilc causc; laiya-cllcci; saliil-poicncy; iaiia-ilcic; avasyam-
unavoidably; ablyupaganiavya-io bc agiccd; sa-ilai; ca-and; laiya-cllcci;
sulsmavasila-ilc subilc naiuic; cva-indccd; iii-ilus; laiyasiiivam-ilc siaius as
cllcci; sidlyaii-is piovcd; iailapi-ncvciilclcss; silula-iupaia-ilc gioss loim;
padalaivan-bccasuc opl ilc manilcsiaiion; mid-adcl-bcginning wiiil caiil;
laianaivam-ilc siaius as ilc causc; api-also; sidlyaii-is piovcd; iii-ilus; blaval-
ilc mcaning.
Hcic ilc woids "yad ady-ania-vai" mcan "ilc cllcci, wlicl docs noi cxisi
bcloic ii is manilcsicd", avasiu" mcans "wlicl cannoi bc dcsciibcd". Tlc icason
loi ilis is givcn in ilc woid "anyonyapasiayai" (bccausc ol muiual dcpcndcncc).
Tlis mcans ilai as long as ilc cllcci is noi manilcsicd, ilc causc ol caiil and ilc
oilci maiciial clcmcnis, is noi ically complcic in iis cxisicncc, and il ilc causc
docs noi cxisi, ilcn ilc cllcci cannoi bc manilcsicd. ilcicloic causc and cllcci aic
dcpcndcni on cacl oilci. Tlcicloic, ilc Loid's poicncy, wlicl is ilc cllcci, musi
bc acccpicd io cxisi along wiil iis causc, ilc Supicmc Loid, in oidci loi ilc Loid
io cxisi in complcicncss. In ilis way ii is piovcd ilai cvcn alici ilc maiciial
univcisc is dissolvcd, ilc maiciial woild coniinucs io cxisi in a subilc loim. In ilis
way ii is piovcd ilai ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad is ilc oiiginal causc ol
ilc maiciial woild, wlicl is madc ol ilc clcmcni caiil and a losi ol oilci
ingicdicnis.
Anuccheda 79
Tcxi 1
iad cvam svablavila-saliimayam cva paiamaimano jagad iiy upasamlaiaii
iai-ilai; cvam-ilus; svablavila-saliimayam-madc ol His opcjn poicnxcy; cva-
indccd; paiamaimanal-ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; jagai-univcisc; iii-
ilus; upasamlaiaii-wiildiaws.
Tlai ilc maiciial woild is manilcsicd liom ilc poicncy ol ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad is also cxplaincd in ilcsc woids ol Siïmad-llagavaiam
(11.+.29):
Tcxi 2
vilaial llyayamano 'pi
piaiyag aimanam aniaia
na niiupyo 'siy anui api
syac ccc cii sama aima-vai
vilaial-iiansloimaiion; llyayamanal-manilcsiing; 'pi-cvcn; piaiyag aimanam-
ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; aniaia-wiiloui; na-noi; niiupyal-io bc
dcsciibcd; asii-is; anul-aiom; api-cvcn; syac-may bc; ccc-il; cii-spiiii; sama-cqual;
aima-vai-lilc ilc Supicmc.
"Ii cannoi bc said ilai anyiling, cvcn ilc smallcsi paiiiclc, cxisis ilai was noi
manilcsicd liom ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad. il somciling wcic
manilcsicd noi liom lim, ilcn ilai somciling would bc His spiiiiual cqual. Ii
would bc jusi lilc Him."
Tcxi 3
yadyapi llyayamanal pialasamana cva iailapi svalpo 'pi vilaial piaiyag
aimanam paiamaimanam vina iad-vyaiiiclcna svaianiiaiaya na niiupyo 'sii. iad
uliam iad-ananyaiva-vivaiana cva. yadi ca iam vinapi syai iada cii-samal syac cid-
iupcna samal sva-pialasa cvablavisyai. aimavai paiamaimavann iiy ailavasilas
cablavisyai.
yadyapi-alilougl; llyayamanal-llyamana; pialasamana-manilcsiing; cva-
indccd; iailapi-siill; svalpal-sligli; 'pi-cvcb; vilaial-clangc; piaiyag aimanam-ilc
Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; paiamaimanam-ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad; vina-wiiloui; iad-vyaiiiclcna-dillcicni liom Him; svaianiiaiaya-
indcpcndcnily; na-noi; niiupyal-io bc said; 'sii-is; iai-ilai; uliam-said; iad-
ananyaiva-vivaiana-as dillcicni liom Him; cva-indccd; yadi-il; ca-and; iam-Him;
vina-wiiloui; api-aslo; syai-is; iada-ilcn; cii-samal-cqaul ioi spiiii; syac-may bc;
cid-iupcna-wiil a spiiiiual loim; samal-cqual; sva-pialasa-scll manilcsicd; cva-
indccd; ablavisyai-may bc; aimavai-lilc ilc Scll; paiamaimavann-lilc ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; iii-ilus; ailavasilal-onc siaius; ca-and; ablavisyai-would
bc.
Hcic ilc woid "llyayamanal" mcans manilcsicd", "vilaial" mcans "cvcn a
sligli iiansloimaiion", "piaiyag aimanam aniaia" mcans wiiloui ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad, dillcicni liom Him, oi indcpcndcni ol Him", and "na
niiupyal" mcans cannoi bc said". In ilis way ii is said ilai ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad is, in onc scnsc, noi dillcicni liom His cicaiion. Tlc woids
"syac ccc cii sama aima-vai" mcan "il somciling wcic manilcsicd noi liom lim,
ilcn ilai somciling would bc His spiiiiual cqual. Ii would bc jusi lilc Him."
Anuccheda 80
Tcxi 1
nanu yadi paiamaimanam vina vilaio nasii. iaili paiamaimanal sopadliivc
niiupadliivam na sidlyaii. iasmai sopadlci niiupadlii anya cva lim iiy aiiala
nanu-is ii noi so'; yadi-il; paiamaimanam-icl Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad;
vina-wiiloui; vilaial-iiansloimaiion; na-noi; asii-si; iaili-ilcn; paiamaimanal-ol
ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; sopadliivc-ilc siaic ol laving a maiciiial
body; niiupadliivam-icl siaic ol noi laving a maiciial body; na-noi; sidlyaii-is
piovcd; iasmai-liom ilai; sopadlcl-wiil a body; niiupadlil-wiiloui a body;
anya-asnoilci; cva-indccd; lim-wlcilci'; iii-ilus; aiia-lcic; ala-said.
Hcic somconc may asl: "Il no maiciial clangcs occui unlcss ilcy aic bcgun by
ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad, ilcn ilc iiansccndcnial Supicmc Pcisonaliiy
ol Godlcad and ilc maiciial univcisc aic idcniical. Can ilc iiansccndcnial
Supicmc Loid bc dillcicni liom ilc maiciial univcisc'"
Il ilis qucsiion is aslcd, a icply may bc givcn in ilcsc woids (Siïmad-
llagavaiam 12.+.30):
Tcxi 2
na li saiyasya nanaivam
avidvan yadi manyaic
nanaivam clidiayoi yadvaj
jyoiisoi vaiayoi iva
na-noi; li-indccd; saiyasya-ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; nanaivam-
vaiiciy; avidvan-ignioani; yadi-il; manyaic-ilinls; nanaivam-vaiiciy; clidiayoi-ol
ilc iwo opcnings; yadvaj-as; jyoiisoi-ol ilc iwo liglis; vaiayoi-ol ilc iwo winds;
iva-lilc.
"Noiling is scpaiaic liom ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad. Anyonc wlo
ilinls ilc maiciial woild is scpaiaic liom ilc Loid is a lool. Tlc Supicmc Loid
and ilc maiciial woild aic lilc iwo slics, iwo liglis, oi iwo winds."
Tcxi 3
saiyasya paiamaimano nanaivam na li vidyaic. yadi iasya nanaivam manyaic.
iaily avidvan. yaias iasya niiupadliiva-sopadliiva-lalsanam nanaivam malalasa-
glaialasayoi yadvai iadvad gilangana-gaia-saiva-vyapi-icjasoi iva balya-saiïia-
vayvoi iva ccii.
saiyasya-saiyasya; paiamaimano-ol ilci Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad;
nanaivam-vaiiciy; na-noi; li-indccd; vidyaic-is; yadi-il; iasya-ol Him; nanaivam-
vaiiciy; manyaic-ilinls; iaily-ilcn; avidvan-loolisl; yaias-liom wlom; iasya-ol
Him; niiupadliiva-noi laving a loim; sopadliiva-laving a loim; lalsanam-
claiaciciizcd; nanaivam-vaiiciy; malalasa-ol ilc gicai sly; glaialasayoi-ol ilc
sly wiilin a poi; yadvai-as; iadvad-so; gilangana-gaia-in a lousc; saiva-vyapi-
picscni cvciywlcic; icjasoi-ol ligli; iva-lilc; balya-cxicinal; saiïia-wiilin ilc
body; vayvoi-wind; iva-lilc; ca-and; iii.
Hcic ilc woids "na li saiyasya nanaivam" mcan ilcic is noi a vaiiciy ol
Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcads". Tlc vcisc ilcn cxplains, "Il somconc ilinls
ilcic aic, ilcn ilai pcison is a lool". Tlc vcisc ilcn cxplains: Tlc dillcicncc
bciwccn ilc Supicmc Loid and ilc maiciial woild is lilc ilc dillcicncc bciwccn
ilc cniiic sly and small amouni ol sly wiilin a clay poi, oi lilc ilc gicai sun ilai
slincs cvciywlcic and a small lamp slining in a ioom, oi lilc ilc wind ilai blows
iliougl ilc sly and ilc bicail in a singlc body."
Anuccheda 81
Tcxi 1
yasmai vilaial llyayamano 'pi piaiyag-aimanam aniaia na niiupyo 'siy anui
api. iasmai saiva-sabda-vacyo 'pi sa cvcii sa-disianiam ala
yasmai-bicausc; vilaial llyayamano 'pi piaiyag-aimanam aniaia na niiupyo
'siy anui api-Siïmad-llagavaiam12.+.29; iasmai-ilcicloic; saiva-sabda-vacyal-io
bc said by all woids; api-also; sa-ilai; cva-indccd; iii-ilus; sa-wiil; disianiam-an
cxamplc; ala-said.
In Siïmad-llagavaiam (12.+.29) ii is said:
"Ii cannoi bc said ilai anyiling, cvcn ilc smallcsi paiiiclc, cxisis ilai was noi
manilcsicd liom ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad. il somciling wcic
manilcsicd noi liom lim, ilcn ilai somciling would bc His spiiiiual cqual. Ii
would bc jusi lilc Him."
Tlis mcan ilai all woids uliimaicly iclci io ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad. To cxplain ilis iiuil ilc lollowing cxamplc is givcn in Siïmad-
llagavaiam (12.+.31):
Tcxi 2
yaila liianyam baludla piaiïyaic
niblil liiyablii vyavalaia-vaiimasu
cvam vacoblii blagavan adlolsajo
vyallyayaic laulila-vaidilaii janail
yaila-as; liianyam-god; baludla-in many ways; piaiïyaic-is lnown; niblil-by
pcoplc; liiyablil-by dccds; vyavalaia-vaiimasu-on ilc pasils ol aciions; cvam-
ilus; vacoblil-by woids; blagavan-il+c Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad;
adlolsajal-wlo is bcyond ilcmaiciial scnscs; vyallyayaic-is callcd; laulila-
oidinaiy; vaidilail-and Vcdic; janail-by pcoplc.
"As gold is callcd by dillcicni namcs wlcn ii is laslioncd inio dillcicni objccis,
so ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad is callcd, in ilc Vcdas and in oidinaiy
spcccl, by many dillcicni namcs."
Tcxi 3
liiyablis iai-iad-iacana-blcdaii baludla laiala-lundaladi-iupcna yaila
svainam cva iacoblis iai-ian-namablil piaiïyaic. iaila laula-vaidilail saivaii cva
iacoblii blagavan cva vyallyayaic.
liiyablil-by aciiions; iai-iad-iacana-blcdail-by dillcicni linds ol cicaiion;
baludla-in many ways; laiala-lundaladi-bcginning wiil bclis and caiiings;
iupcna-wiil ilc loims; yaila-as; svainam-gold; cva-indccd; iacoblil-by cicaiion;
iai-ian-namablil-by vaiious namcs; piaiïyaic-is lnown; iaila-so; laula-vaidilail-
oidinaiy and Vcdic; saivail-all; cva-indccd; iacoblil-by cicaiions; blagavan-ilc
Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; cva-indccd; vyallyayaic-is callcd.
Tlis vcisc mcans: "As gold, wlcn laslioncd inio bclis, caiiings, and oilci
oinamcnis, is callcd by dillcicni namcs, so ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad is
callcd by dillcicni namcs in ilc Vcdas and in oidinaiy spcccl."
Tcxi +
iad uliam saiva-namablidlcyas ca saiva-vcdcdiias ca sal iii slandc.
iai-ilai; uliam-said; saiva-namablidlcyal-callcd by all namcs; ca-and; saiva-
vcda-by all ilc Vcdas; ïdiial-woislipcd; ca-qand; sal-Hc; iii-ilus; slandc-in ils
Slanda Puiana.
Tlis is also dcsciibcd by ilc lollowing woids ol ilc Slanda Puiana:
"Lvciy woid ilai cxisis may bc uscd as a namc loi ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad, wlo is woislipcd by all ilc Vcdas."
Anuccheda 82
Tcxi 1
iad cvam jagaial paiamaima-svablavila-saliimayaivam uliva icna ca jïva-
laiiilcna jnancna ian-nasanasamaiilyam vyajya molsaiilam iad-adlyasa-
paiiiyagam upadcsium paiamaima-salii-mayasyapi iasyopadly-
adlyasaimalasyalanlaiasya jïva-svaiupa-pialasavaialaiva-iupam dosam sa-
disianiam upapadayaii
iai-ilai; cvam-ilus; jagaial-ol ilc univcisc; paiamaima-svablavila-
saliimayaivam-ilc siai col bcing a poicncy ol ilc p; uliva-saying; icna-by ilai; ca-
and; jïva-laiiilcna-as ilccicaioi ol ilc individual souls; jnancna-by lnowlcdgc;
ian-nasanasamaiilyam-ablc io dcsiioy ilai; vyajya-manilcsiing; molsaiilam-loi
ilc puiposc ol libciaiion; iad-adlyasa-paiiiyagam-abandoning ilc lomc;
upadcsium-io icacl; paiamaima-ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; salii-
mayasya-consisiing ol ilc poicncy; api-also; iasya-ol ilai; upadli-body; adlyasa-
lomc; aimalasya-consisiing ol; alanlaiasya-ol llasc cgo; jïva-ol ilc individual
spiiii soul; svaiupa-own loim; pialasa-manilcsiaiion; avaialaiva-covciing; iupam-
loim; dosam-lauli; sa-disianiam-wiil an cxamplc; upapadayaii-icaclcs.
In ilis way ii las bccn cxplaincd ilai ilc maiciial woild is a poicncy ol ilc
Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad. Mcicly by aiiaining iiansccndcnial lnowlcdgc,
ilc individual soul cannoi aiiain libciaiion liom ilc maiciial woild, loi cvcn ilcn
lc icmains covcicd by ilc Loid's poicncy ol lalsc-cgo. An cxamplc is givcn io
cxplain ilis in ilc lollowing woids ol Siïmad-llagavaiam (12.+.32):
Tcxi 2
yaila glano 'ila-piablavo 'ila-daisiio
ly ailamsa-bluiasya ca calsusas iamal
cvam iv alam bialma-gunas iad-ïlsiio
bialmamsalasyaimana aima-bandlanal
yaila-as; glanal-cloud; aila-piablaval-manilcsicd liom ilc sun; aila-
daisiial-visiblc by ilc sun; li-indccd; ailamsa-bluiasya-a paii and paiccl ol ilc
sun; ca-and; calsusal-ol ilc cycs; iamal-dailncss; cvam-ilusd; iv-indccd; alam-
lalsc cgo; bialma-gunal-a qualiiy ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; iad-
ïlsiial-visibly bccausc ol Him; bialmamsalasya-a paii and paiccl ol ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; aimanal-ol ilc soul; aima-bandlanal-bondagc.
"Alilougl a cloud is a pioduci ol ilc sun and is also madc visiblc by ilc sun, ii
ncvciilclcss cicaics dailncss loi ilc vicwing cyc, wlicl is anoilci paiiial
cxpansion ol ilc sun. Similaily, maiciial lalsc cgo, a paiiiculai pioduci ol ilc
Absoluic Tiuil madc visiblc by ilc Absoluic Tiuil, obsiiucis ilc individual soul,
anoilci paiiial cxpansion ol ilc Absoluic Tiuil, liom icalizing ilc Absoluic
Tiuil."¯¯¯
Tcxi 3
aila-iasmaya cva mcgla-iupcna paiinaia vaisanii
aila-iasmayal-iays ol ilc sun; cva-indccd; mcgla-iupcna-in ilc loim ol
clouds; paiinaia-iiansloimcd; vaisanii-slowci iains.
Indccd, ilc sun's iays bccomc iiansloimcd inio clouds, and as clouds ilcy
slowci iains. Tlis is dcsciibcd in ilc lollowing woids ol ilc sciipiuics:
Tcxi +
agnau piasialuiil samyag
adiiyam upaiisilaic
adiiyaj jayaic visiii
visici annam iaial piajal
iii vacanai.
agnau-in liic; piasialuiil-ollcicd oblaiions; samyag-piopcily; adiiyam-ilc sun;
upaiisilaic-woislips; adiiyaj-liom ilc sun; jayaic-is boin; visiil-iain; visicl-liom
iain; annam-lood; iaial-liom ilai; piajal-ilc pcoplc; iii-ilus; vacanai-liom ilc
woids.
"ly ollciing oblaiions in ilc liic, onc woislips ilc sun-god, loi liom ilc sun
comc iains, liom iains comc lood, and by lood ilc pcoplc aic nouiislcd."
Tcxi 5
ayam aiilal. yailaila-piablavo 'ilcnaiva daisiial pialasiias ca glano nivido
mcglo 'ilamsa-bluiasya calsusas iamo divi blumau ca malandlalaia-iupo
blavaii. cvam alam pialiialanlaio bialma-gunal paiamaima-salii-laiya-bluias
iad-ïlsiias icnaiva paiamaimana pialasiias ca. bialmamsalasya iaiasila-salii-
iupaivai paiamaimano yo lïnamsas iasyaimano jïvasyaima-bandlanal svaiupa-
pialasavaialo blavaii.
ayam-ilis; aiilal-ilc mcaning; yaila-as; aila-piablaval-boin liom ilc sun;
ailcna-by ilc sun; cva-indccd; daisiial-icvcalcd; pialasiial-manilcsicd; ca-and;
glanal-cloud; nividal-ilicl; mcglal-cloud; ailamsa-bluiasya-a paii and paiccl
ol ilc sun; calsusal-ol ilc cyc; iamal-dailncss; divi-in ilc sly; blumau-on ilc
goiund; ca-and; malandlalaia-iupal-gicai dailncss; blavaii-is; cvam-ilus;
alam-lalsc cgo; pialiia-maiciial; alanlaial-cgo; bialma-gunal-ilc qualiiy lo ilc
Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; paiamaima-salii-laiya-bluial-cicaicd by a
poicncy ol iylc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; iad-ïlsiial-sccn; icna-by ilai;
cva-indccd; paiamaimana-ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; pialasiial-
manilcsicd; ca-and; bialmamsalasya-ol a paii and paiccll ol ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; iaiasila-salii-iupaivai-bccausc ol bcing ilc maiginal poic
cy; paiamaimanal-ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; yal-wlo; lïnamsal-a
small paii; iasya-ol lim; aimanal-ilc soul; jïvasyaima-bandlanal-ilc bondagc ol
ilc individual spiiii soul; svaiupa-own loim; pialasa-manilcsiaiion; avaialal-
conccaling; blavaii-is.
Tlis is ilc mcaning: Tlc woids "yailaila-piablaval" mcan "manilcsicd liom
ilc sun", "glanal" mcans "ilicl clouds", "ailamsa-bluiasya calsusas iamal"
mcans "dailncss ilai obscuics ilc vision ol ilc cyc, wlicl is a paiiial cxpansion
ol ilc sun, on ilc giound and in ilc sly", "cvam alam" mcans "maiciial lalsc
cgo", "bialma-gunal" mcans "manilcsicd liom a poicncy ol ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad", "ïlsiial" mcans "manilcsicd liom ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad", "bialmamsalasya" mcans "ilc maiginal poicncy, wlicl
is a iiny paii-and-paiccl ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad", and "aimana
aima-bandlanal" mcans "wlicl covcis ilc ical idcniiiy ol ilc individual spiiii
soul".
Anuccheda 83
Tcxi 1
sa cadlyasa-paiiiyagal svaio na blavaii. liniu paiamaima-jijnasaya iai-
piablavcnaivcii valium puivavad cva disiania-paiipaiïm ala
sa-ilai; ca-and; adlyasa-lomc; paiiiyagal-lcaving; svaial-pcisonally; na-noi;
blavaii-is; liniu-lowcvci; paiamaima-ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad;
jijnasaya-by lnowlcdgc; iai-piablavcna-pioduccd liom ilai; cva-indccd; iii-ilus;
valium-io say; puivavai-as bcloic; cva-indccd; disiania-cxamplc; paiipaiïm-
mcilod; ala-said.
ly lis own powci, ilc individual spiiii soul cannoi bccomc licc ol lis
cnianglcmcni in ilc maiciial woild. Howcvci, wlcn a soul bccomcs cagci io lnow
ilc iiuil ol ilc Supicmc Loid, ilc Loid Himscll liccs ilc soul liom maiciial
bondagc. Tlis is dcsciibcd in ilc lollowing cxamplc (Siïmad-llagavaiam 12.+.33):
Tcxi 2
glano yadaila-piablavo vidïiyaic
calsul svaiupam iavim ïlsaic iada
yada ly alanlaia upadlii aimano
jijnasaya nasyaii iaily anusmaici
glanal-cloud; yada-wlcn; aila-piablaval-boin liom ilc sun; vidïiyaic-is ioin
apaii; calsul-cyc; svaiupam-own loim; iavim-sun; ïlsaic-sccs; iada-ilcn; yada-
wlcn; li-indccd; alanlaia-lalsc cgo; upadlil-maiciial dcsiignaiion; aimanal-ol
ilc soul; jijnasaya-wiil cagcincss io lnow; nasyaii-pciislcs; iaili-ilcn;
anusmaici-lc icmcmbcis.
"Wlcn ilc cloud oiiginally pioduccd liom ilc sun is ioin apaii, ilc cyc can scc
ilc aciual loim ol ilc sun. Similaily, wlcn ilc spiiii soul dcsiioys lis maiciial
covciing ol lalsc cgo by inquiiing inio ilc iiansccndcnial scicncc, lc icgains lis
spiiiiual awaicncss."¯¯¯
Tcxi 3
glano yadaila-piablavo vidïiyaic iii disianiamsc iad-vidaianasya na calsul-
salii-sadlyaivam. liniu suiya-piablava-sadlyaivam iii vyaliam. ancna
daisianiilc 'py aimanal paiamaimano jijnasaya jaicna iai-piasadcnalanlaio
nasyaii palayaia iiy aiiamsc puiusa-jnana-sadlyaivam alanlaia-nasasya
llandiiam. aio vivaiia-vado nablyupagaial.
glanal-cloud; yada-wlcn; aila-piablaval-boin liom ilc sun; vidïiyaic-is
biolcn; iii-ilusd; disianiamsc-in paii ol ilc cxamplc; iad-vidaianasya-ol ilc
biwaling ol ii; na-boi; calsul-salii-sadlyaivam-in ilc powci ol ilc cycs; liniu-
lowcvci; suiya-piablava-in ilci powci ol ilc sun; sadlyaivam-abiliiy; iii-ilus;
vyaliam-manilcsicd; ancna-by ilis; daisianiilc-in ilc cxamplc; api-also; aimanal-
ol ilc scll; paiamaimanal-ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; jijnasaya-by ilc
dcsiic io lnow; jaicna-boin; iai-piasadcna-by His mcicy; alanlaial-lalsc cgo;
nasyaii-pciislcs; palayaia-llccs; iii-ilus; aiia-lcic; amsc-in ilc paii; puiusa-jnana-
sadlyaivam-aiiainablc by lnowlcdgc ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad;
alanlaia-nasasya-dcsiiuciion ol ilc lalsc cgo; llandiiam-biolcn; aial-ilcn;
vivaiia-vadal-ilc ilcoiy ol iiansloimaiion; na-noi; ablyupagaial-suppoiicd.
In ilc cxamplc givcn lcic wiil ilc woids "glano yadaila-piablavo vidïiyaic"
ii is sccn ilai ilc cycs ilcmsclvcs aic powcilcss io dispcl ilc clouds. Only ilc sun
las ilai powci. In ilc sccond paii ol ilc cxamplc ilc woid "aimanal" mcans "ol
ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad", jijnasaya" mcans "wlcn ilc dcsiic io lnow
is aiouscd, ilcn ilc Supicmc Loid givcs His mcicy", and alanlaio nasyaii"
mcans "ilcn ilc lalsc cgo llccs". Tlis mcans ilai ilc lalsc cgo pciislcs wlcn onc
undcisiands ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad. Tlc impcisonalisis' ilcoiy ol
iiansloimaiion is clcaily noi suppoiicd by ilis cxplanaiion.
Tcxi +
aiia copadlii iii viscsancna svaiupa-bluialanlaias iv anya cvcii spasiï-bluiam.
cvam yaila disianic glanamaya-malandlalaiavaianablavai iai-piablavcna
yogyaia-lablac ca calsul laiii-bluiam svaiupam laima-bluiam ïlsaic. sva-
svaiupa-pialasam asiiivcna janaii. sva-salii-pialaiyam lablaia iiy aiilal.
aiia-lcic; ca-and; upadlil-maiciial dcsignaiion; iii-ilus; viscsancna-by ilc
adjcciivc; svaiupa-bluia-pcisonal; alanlaial-lalsc cgo; iv-indccd; anya-anoilci;
cva-indccd; iii-ilus; spasiï-bluiam-madc clcai; cvam-ilus; yaila-as; disianic-in
ilc cxqamplc; glanamaya-madc ol clouds; malandlalaia-dailncss; avaiana-
covciing; ablavai-bccausc ol ilc abscncc; iai-piablavcna-boin liom ilai; yogyaia-
suiiabiliiy; lablac-bccausc ol ilc aiiainmcni; ca-and; calsul-cycs; laiii-bluiam-
manilcsicd as ilc doci; svaiupam-own loim; laima-bluiam-manilcsicd as ilc
dccd; ïlsaic-sccs; sva-svaiupa-pialasam-manilcsicd as ilc oiiginal loim; asiiivcna-
by ilc cxisicncc; janaii-lnows; sva-salii-pialaiyam-manilcsiaiion ol His own
poicncy; lablaia-aiiains; iii-ilus; aiilal-ilc mcaning.
Hcic ilc woids "ca upadlil" mcan "ilc lalsc cgo covciing ilc individual spiiii
soul". Tlis cxamplc cxplains ilai wlcn ilc dailncss ol ilc clouds is icmovcd,
ilcn ilc cycs (calsul) can scc (ïlsaic) ilc oiiginal loim (svaiupam) ol ilc soul.
ly ilus sccing ilc oiiginal loim ol ilc soul, onc undcisiands ilc iiuc naiuic ol ilc
soul. In ilis way ilc soul's oiiginal powci is again opcnly manilcsicd. Tlai is ilc
mcaning.
Tcxi 5
ladacii iad-ïlsanonmullal san iavim cclsaic. iaila daisianiilc 'py anusmaici.
smaiium anusandlaium yogyo blavaii. aimanam paiamaimanam ccii scsal.
ladacii-somciimc; iad-ïlsanonmullal-cagci io scc; san-bcing so; iavim-ilc
sun; ca-also; ïlsaic-sccs; iaila-so; daisianiilc-in ilc cxamplc; api-also; anusmaici-
icmcmbcis; smaiium-io icmcmbci; anusandlaium-io sccl; yogyal-appiopiiaic;
blavaii-is; aimanam-aimanam; paiamaimanam-ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad; ca-and; iii-ilus; scsal-ilc icmaindci.
Somciimcs a pcison is so cagci io scc ilc sun ilai lc sccs ilc sun in lis
mcmoiy. Tlus, in ilc sccond paii ol ilis cxamplc ilc woid "anusmaici" (lc
icmcmbcis) mcans "sccing Him in lis mcmoiy, a pcison scaiclcs loi ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad".
Anuccheda 8+
Tcxi 1
nigamayaii yadaivam cicna vivcla-lciina
maya-mayalanlaianaima-bandlanam
cliiivacyuiaimanublavo 'vaiisilaic
iam alui aiyaniilam anga samplavam
nigamayaii-ilc sciipiuics dcclaic; yada-wlcn; cvam-ilus; cicna-by ilis; vivcla-
lciina-wiil disciiminaiion; maya-ol illusion; maya-consisiing; alanlaiana-lalsc
cgo; aima-ol ilc soul; bandlanam-bondagc; cliiiva-cuiiing; acyuia-ol ilc inlalliblc
Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; aima-scll; anublaval-pciccpiion; avaiisilaic-
icmains; iam-ilai; alul-say; aiyaniilam-gicai; anga-O dcai onc; samplavam-
dcvasiaiion.
Sccing ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad and aiiaining libciaiion liom ilc
maiciial woild aic also dcsciibcd in ilcsc woids (Siïmad-llagavaiam 11.+.3+):
"ly cuiiing ilc soul's bonds ol lalsc cgo wiil ilc swoid ol iniclligcncc, onc can
ai lasi scc ilc inlalliblc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad. Tlc sagcs say ilis vision
is linal libciaiion."
Tcxi 2
cicna puivolia-vivcla-sasiicna maya-maycii viscsanam svaiupa-
bluialanlaiasya vyavacclcdaiilam. avaiisilaic sva-svaiupcnavasiliio blavaii. na
lcvalam ciavad cva. acyuiaimanublaval. acyuic 'cyuia-namny aimani
paiamaimany anublavo yasya iaila-bluia cva sann avaiisilaic. siï-sulal..
cicna-by ilis; puivolia-picviously said; vivcla-iniclligcncc; sasiicna-wiil ilci
wcapon; maya-maya-consisiing ol maya; iii-ilus; viscsanam-modilying; svaiupa-
bluia-pcisonal; alanlaiasya-ol lalsc cgo; vyavacclcda-cuiiing; aiilam-loi ilc
puiposc; avaiisilaic-siays; sva-svaiupcna-wiil onc's oiiginal loim; avasiliial-
siiuaicd; blavaii-is; na-noi; lcvalam-only; ciavai-lilc ilai; cva-indccd; acyuia-ol
ilc inlalliblc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; aima-scll; anublaval-pciccpiion;
acyuic-inlallublc; acyuia-namni-ilc namc Acyuia; aimani-in ilc aima;
paiamaimani-in ilc Supcisoul; anublaval-pciccpiion; yasya-ol wlom; iaila-
bluia-ini lai way; cva-indccd; sann-bcing so; avaiisilaic-siays; siï-sulal-Siï
Suladcva Gosvamï.
Hcic ilc woid "cicna" (by ilis) iclcis io ilc picviously mcniioncd swoid, and
"mayamaya" is an adjcciivc modilying "alanlaiana"". Tlc swoid is mcani loi
cuiiing ilc lalsc cgo. "Avaiisilaic" mcans siiuaicd in lis oiiginal loim". Tlai is
noi all. Tlcic is also "acyuiaimanublaval" (diicci pciccpiion ol ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad). Hcic "acyuia" is a namc ol ilc Supicmc Loid and
"aima" mcans "ilc Supcisoul". Tlis vcisc was spolcn by Siïla Suladcva Gosvamï.
Anuccheda 85
Tcxi 1
aiiayam apy clcsam palsal. paiamcsvaiasya salii-dvayam asii. svaiupallya
mayallya ccii. puivaya svaiupa-vaiblava-pialasanam. apaiaya iv
indiajalavaiiayaiva moliicblyo jïvcblyo visva-sisiy-adi-daisanam.
aiia-lcic; ayam-ilis; api-also; clcsam-ol somc; palsal-ilc opinion;
paiamcsvaiasya-ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; salii-dvayam-iwo
poicncics; asii-is; svaiupallya-callcd pcisonal; mayallya-callcd maya; ca-and; iii-
ilus puivaya-by ilc loimci; svaiupa-pcisonal; vaiblava-powci and opulcncc;
pialasanam-manilcsiaiion; apaiaya-by ilc laiici; iv-bui; indiajalavaiiaya-lilc a
miiagc; cva-indccd; moliicblyal-loi ilc bcwildcicd; jïvcblyal-souls; visva-ol ilc
maiciial woild; sisii-cicaiion; adi-bcginning; daisanam-sigli.
Somc plilosoplcis asscii ilai ilc Supicmc Loid las iwo poicncics: 1. His
pcisonal, inicinal poicncy, and 2. His maya poicncy. Tlc loimci manilcsis ilc
Loid's gloiy and opulcncc, and ilc laiici cicaics, mainiains, and dcsiioys ilc
maiciial woild, wlicl is lilc a miiagc io slow ilc bcwildcicd condiiioncd souls.
Tcxi 2
disyaic cailasya nana-vidyavaial lasyapi iaila vyavalaial. na caivam advaiia-
vadinam ivcdam apaiiiam. saiycnaiva laiiia saiyam cva diasiaiam piaii saiyayaiva
iaya saliya vasiunal sploianai lolc 'pi iailaiva disyaia iii blavaiv apïdam nama.
disyaic-is sccn; ca-also; clasya-ol onc; nana-vidyavaial-bccausc ol vaiious
linds ol lnowlcdgc; lasyapi-ol somconc; iaila-ilcn; vyavalaial-aciion; na-noi;
ca-also; cvam-ilus; advaiia-vadinam-ol ilc monisis; iva-lilc; idam--ilis; apaiiiam-
aiiaincd; saiycna-by ilc iiuil; cva-cciiainly; laiiia-by ilc doci; saiyam-iiuil; cva-
indccd; diasiaiam-io ilc scci; piaii-io; saiyaya-iiuc; cva-indccd; iaya-by ilai;
saliya-poicncy; vasiunal-in iiuil; sploianai-liom ilc manilcsiaiion; lolc-in ilc
woild; api-also; iaila-so; cva-indccd; disyaia-is sccn; iii-ilus; blavaiv-may bc; api-
also; idam-ilis; nama-indccd.
Ii is ilc vicw ol onc gioup ol plilosoplcis ilai cvcn maiciial aciiviiics aic
uliimaicly ical. Tlc idca ol ilc impcisonalisis. In iiuil ilc doci in ilc maiciial
woild is ical, ilc scci is ical, and ilc Loid's poicncy by wlicl all ilis is manilcsicd
in ilc maiciial woild is also ical.
Tcxi 3
yaial
saiyam na saiyam nal lisna-
padabjamodam aniaia
jagai saiyam asaiyam va
lo 'yam iasmin duiagialal
yaial-liom wlcil; saiyam-ical; na-noi; saiyam-ical; nal-ol us; lisna-ol Loid
Kisna; pada-lcci; abja-loius; amodam-liagiancc; aniaia-wiiloui; jagai-ibc maiciial
woild; saiyam-ical; asaiyam-uical; va-oi; lal-wlai'; ayam-ilis; iasmin-in ilis;
duiagialal-loolislly obsiinaic.
Tlis alliimcd by ilc lollowing woids ol ilc sciipiuics:
"Wlo is sucl a lool ilai lc wasics lis iimc ilinling: Is ilc liagiancc ol Loid
Kisna's loius lcci ical oi unical' Is ilc maiciial woild ical oi unical'' "
Tcxi +
iad cian-maic saia idam uiiliiam iiy adi valyani piayo yaila-iïla-vyallyanam
cva jncyani. lvacii iai-liianumanadau blcda-maiiasyasaiivc piasalic
vailuniladïnam api iailaiva-piasaliis ian-maic syad iiy aiia iu icsam ayam
ablipiayal. vayam li yal-lola-piaiyalsadi-siddlam vasiu. iad cva iai-siddla-vasiv
aniaia-disianicna iad-dlaimalam sadlayamal.
iai-ilai; cian-maic-in ilis vicw; saia idam uiiliiam iiy adi valyani-Siïmad-
llagavaiam 10.S7.36; piayal-mosily; yaila-iïla-vyallyanam-accoiding io ilc
cxplanaiion in ilc commcniaiy; cva-indccd; jncyani-io bc undcisiood; lvacii-
somcwlcic; iai-liianumanadau-bcginning wiil ilai inlcicncc; blcda-maiiasya-ol
ilc dillcicncc; asaiivc-in ilc non-cxisicncc; piasalic-aiiaclcd; vailuniladïnam-
bcginning wiil ilc spiiiiual woild; api-also; iailaiva-bcing lilc ilai; piasaliil-
aiiaclmcni; ian-maic-in ilai vicw; syai-is; iii-ilus; aiia-lcic; iu-bui; icsam-ol
ilcm; ayam-ilis; ablipiayal-mcaning; vayam-wc; li-indccd; yal-lola-ol ilsoc
pocplc; piaiyalsa-diicci pciccoiion; adi-bcginning; siddlam-piovcd; vasiu-iling;
iai-ilai; cva-indccd; iai-ilai; siddla-piovcd; vasiv-iling; aniaia-disianicna-wiil
anoilci cxamplc; iad-dlaimalam-ilc naiui col ilai; sadlayamal-wc aiicmpi.
Tlis is also cxplaincd in Siïla Siïdlaia Svamï's commcniaiy on Siïmad-
llagavaiam 10.S7.36. Somc ilinls claim ilai noi only is ilc maiciial woild is
unical, bui cvcn ilc spiiiiual woild ol Vailunila is also unical. Wc, lowcvci,
alliim ilai ilc spiiiiual woild and ilc visiblc maiciial woild aic boil ical. Laici
wc will givc an cxamplc io dcmonsiiaic ilis.
Tcxi 5
yai iu iad asiddlam sasiia-vidvad-anublavaila-gamya-iadisaivam iai punas iad
disiania-paiaidladinapy anyaila-laiium na salyaia cvcii. iaila jïvcsvaiablcda-
silapana ca cid-iupaia-maiia cvcii. aila svablavila-maya-saliya paiamcsvaio
visva-sisiy-adilam laioii. jïva cva iaiia mulyaiïiy uliam. iaiia sandclam
piasnoiiaiablyam paiilaiaiy asiablil
yai-wlai; iu-indccd; iai-ilai; asiddlam-unipovcd; sasiia-vidvai-lilc onc wlo
lnows ilc sciipiuics; anublava-diicci pciccpiion; cla-onc; gamya-io bc aiiaincd;
iadisaivam-bcing lilc ilai; iai-ilai; punal-again; iai-ilai; disiania-cxamplc;
paiaidla-paiaidla; adina-bcginning wiil; api-also; anyaila-laiium-io malc
oilciwisc; na-noi; salyaia-is ablc; cva-indccd; iii-ilus; iaila-so; jïva-ol ilc
individual spiiii soul; ïsvaia-ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; ablcda-non-
dillcicncc; silapana-pioving; ca-also; cid-iupaia-spiiiiual naiuic; maiial-only;
cva-indccd; iii-ilus; aila-now; svablavila-maya-saliya-by ilc inicinal poicncy
and ilc maya poicncy; paiamcsvaial-in ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad;
visva-ol ilc maiciial woild; sisii-cicaiion; adilam-bcginning; laioii-docs; jïva-ilc
individual spiiii soul; cva-indccd; iaiia-ilcic; mulyaii-is bcwildcicd; iii-ilus;
uliam-said; iaiia-ilcic; sandclam-doubi; piasnoiiaiablyam-wiil qucsiion and
answci; paiilaiaii-icmovcs; asiablil-wiil cigli vciscs.
cvcn il ilcy givc many millions ol cxamplcs, ilc mosi lcaincd impcisonalisis
siill cannoi piovc ilcii ilcoiy, oi malc ilc iiuil anyiling oilci ilan ii is. Tlc
iiuil is ilai ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad and ilc individual spiiii souls
aic onc only in ilc scnsc ilai ilcy aic all spiiiiual in naiuic. Oilciwisc, ilcy aic
dillcicni. Ioi cxamplc ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad cicaics ilc maiciial
woild, and ilc individual spiiii souls icsiding in ilc maiciial woild aic
bcwildcicd. Any doubis aboui ilc iiuil ilai ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad
and ilc individual spiiii souls aic dillcicni will bc icmovcd by ilc qucsiions and
answcis in ilc lollowing cigli vciscs ol Siïmad-llagavaiam (3.7.2-9) quoicd and
cxplaincd in ilis and ilc lollowing anucclcdas. Tlc liisi ol ilcsc vciscs is givcn
lcic (Siïmad-llagavaiam 3.7.2):
Tcxi 6
siï-viduia uvaca
bialman lailam blagavaias
cin-maiiasyavilaiinal
lïlaya capi yujycian
niigunasya gunal liiyal
siï-viduia uvaca-Vudia said; bialman-O bialmana; lailam-low'; blagavaial-
ol ilc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; cin-maiiasya-ol ilc complcic spiiiiual wlolc;
avilaiinal-ol ilc unclangcablc; lïlaya-by His pasiimc; ca-ciilci; api-cvcn ilougl ii
is so; yujycian-ialc placc; niigunasya-wlo is wiiloui ilc modcs ol naiuic; gunal-
modcs ol naiuic; liiyal-aciiviiics.
Siï Viduia said: O gicai bialmana, sincc ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad is
ilc complcic spiiiiual wlolc and is unclangcablc, low is Hc connccicd wiil ilc
maiciial modcs ol naiuic and ilcii aciiviiics' Il ilis is His pasiimc, low do ilc
aciiviiics ol ilc unclangcablc ialc placc and cxlibii qualiiics wiiloui ilc modcs
ol naiuic'"¯
Tcxi 7
lc bialman cin-maiiasya cin-maiia-svaiupasya svaial svaiupa-saliya
blagavaial siï-vailuniladi-gaia-iadisaïsvaiyadi-yuliasya aia cva niigunasya
pialiia-gunaspisiasyaia cva cavilaiinas iadil-svaiupa-salii-vilasa-bluianam
liiyanam ananianam api sadadiivaivaianania-vidla-pialasc iasminn iiy
asiddlaivai iai-iai-liiyaviiblava-laiius iasyavasilaniaia-piapiaivablavai pialiia-
laiiui iva na vilaiapaiiii iii.
lc-O; bialman-bilmana; cin-maiiasya-spiiiiual; cin-maiia-svaiupasya-wlosc
loim is spiiiiual; svaial-pcisonally; svaiupa-saliya-by His pcisonal poicncy;
blagavaial-ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; siï-vailuniladi-bcginning
wiil Siï Vailunila; gaia-aiiaincd; iadisa-lilc ilai; aisvaiya-opulcnccs; adi-
bcginning; yuliasya-cndowcd; aia cva-ilcicloic; niigunasya-wiiloui maiciial
modcs; pialiia-guna-ilc maiciial modcs; aspisiasya-uniouclcd; aia cva-ilcicloic;
ca-also; avilaiinal-unclangcablc; iadil-lilc ilis; svaiupa-pcisonal; salii-poicncy;
vilasa-pasiimcs; bluianam-manilcsicd; liiyanam-aciiviiics; ananianam-limiilcss;
api-cvcn; sadodiivaia-quicl manilcsiaiion; anania-vidla-limiilcss; pialasc-
manilcsiaiion; iasminn-in ilai; iii-ilus; asiddlaivai-bccausc ol bcing unpiovcd;
iai-iai-liiya-ol vaiious aciiviiics; aviiblava-manilcsiaiion; laiiul-doing; iasya-ol
ilai; avasila-siiuaiion; aniaia-anoilci; piapiaiva-aiainmcni; ablavai-bccausc ol
ilc abscncc; pialiia-maiciial; laiiul-ol ilc cicaioi; iva-lilc; na-noi; vilaiapaiiil-
posscssing iiansloimaiions; iii-ilus.
Hcic ilc woid "bialmna" mcans "O bialmana", "cin-maiiasya" mcans "wlosc
loim is spiiiiual", "blagavaial" mcans "wlosc powcis and opulcnccs aic
manilcsicd by His own inicinal poicncy in ilc spiiiiual woild ol Vailunila and in
oilci placcs", "niigunasya" mcans wlo is noi iouclcd by ilc maiciial modcs ol
naiuic", and ca avilaiinal" mcans "wlosc limiilcss loims, poicncics, and
pasiimcs aic noi subjcci io maiciial clangcs, lilc ilosc ol ilc icsidcnis ol ilc
maiciial woild".
Tcxi S
niivilaiasya ca lailam saiivadayal pialiia-gunal. lailam va iad-asanga-
lciulal siliiy-adayal liiyas ca yujycian. iaias ca cin-maiia-vasiu-viiodlad cva ic
ca ias ca n ayujyanic. blagavaiivc iu svaiia-ccsiayapi na yujyciann iiy ala lïlaya
vapïii.
niivilaiasya-clangclcss; ca-and; lailam-low'; saiivadayal-bcginning wiil
goodncss; pialiia-gunal-masiciial modcs; lailam-low'; va-oi; iad-asanga-
lciulal-ilc icason loi non-coniaci; siliiy-adayal-bcginning wiil mainicnacc;
liiyal-aciions; ca-and; yujycian-ialc placc; iaial-ilcn; ca-and; cin-maiia-spiiiiual;
vasiu-subsiancc; viiodlai-bccausc ol coniiadiciion; cva-indccd; ic-ilcy; ca-and;
ial-ilcy; ca-and; na-noi; yujyanic-ialc placc;. blagavaiivc-in ilcs siaius ol ilc
Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; iu-bui; svaiia-ccsiaya-wiil indcpcndcni
aciiviiics; api-cvcn; na-noi; yujyciann-ialc placc; iii-ilus; ala-said; lïlaya-wiil
pasiimcs va-oi; api-also; iii-ilus.
Hcic ilc qucsiion is aslcd: "How is ii possiblc ilai ilc Loid, wlo is noi subjcci
io maiciial clangcs, las somc conncciion wiil ilc maiciial modcs ol naiuic,
wlicl bcgin wiil goodncss'" Tlcn ilis qucsiion is aslcd: "Il ilc Supicmc Loid
las no coniaci wiil ilc maiciial modcs, ilcn low is ilc maiciial univcisc cicaicd,
mainiaincd, and dcsiioycd'" lccausc ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad is
spiiiiual in naiuic, ii cannoi bc said ilai Hc is in coniaci wiil ilc maiciial modcs,
loi ilai coniaci would coniiadici His spiiiiualiiy. Siill, ilc maiciial modcs lavc no
powci io aci indcpcndcnily, wiiloui ilc inllucncc ol ilc Supicmc Loid. Tlcsc
qucsiions aic answcicd lcic wiil ilc woids "lïlaya vapi" (ilis is His pasiimc).
Tcxi 9
aiiavilaiiiva-niigunaivablyam sala cin-maiiaivam blagavaiivam cciy ublayam
api svï-liiyaiva puiva-palsina pisiam. iaias ca iasya cin-maiiasvaiupasya blavaiu
blagavaiivam. iaiiasmalam na sandclal. liniu iasya lailam iiaia-gunadi-svïlaio
yujyaia iiy cva picclaia iii valyaiilal.
aiia-lcic; avilaiiiva-ilc siaic ol bcing clangclcss; niigunaiva-ilc siaic ol bcing
bcyond ilc ioucl ol ilc maiciial modcs; ablyam-wiil boil; sala-wiil; cin-
maiiaivam-spiiiiualiiy; blagavaiivam-ilc siaius ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad; ca-and; iii-ilus; ublayam-boil; api-also; svï-liiya-acccpiing; cva-
indccd; puiva-palsina-by ilc opponcni; pisiam-aslcd; iaial-ilcn; ca-also; iasya-ol
Him; cin-maiia-spiiiiual; svaiupasya-naiuic; blavaiu-may bc; blagavaiivam-ilc
siaius ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; iaiia-ilcic; asmalam-ol us; na-noi;
sandclal-doubi; liniu-lowcvci; iasya-ol ilai; lailam-low'; iiaia-gunadi-
bcginnign wciil oilci modcs; svïlaial-acccpiancc; yujyaia-is; iii-ilus; cva-indccd;
picclaia-aslign; iii-ilus; valya-ol ilc woids; aiilal-ilc mcaning.
Hcic ilc pcison asling ilc qucsiion acccpis ilc iiuil ilai ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad is spiiiiual in naiuic, is licc ol maiciial clangc, and is noi
iouclcd by ilc maiciial modcs ol naiuic. Hcic lc says, "Wc lavc no doubi ilai
ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad is spiiiiual and las a spiiiiual loim. Siill, low
is ii ilai Hc las somc coniaci wiil ilc modcs ol maiciial naiuic'" Tlai is ilc
mcaning ol lis qucsiion.
Anuccheda 86
Tcxi 1
iaias cin-maiiaivc blagavaiivc ca iasya iuccla gunal liiyas ca na samblavaniy
cvcii dvi-gunï-bluyaiva piasnal. lim caiblalaval lïlapi na yujyaic vaisamyad iiy
ala
iaial-ilcn; cin-maiiaivc-spiiiiual; blagavaiivc-in ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad; ca-and; iasya-ol Him; iuccla-insignilicani; gunal-maiciial modcs;
liiyal-aciiviiics; ca-also; na-noi; samblavanii-aic possiblc; cva-indccd' iii-ilus;
dvi-gunï-bluya-bccoming doublcd; cva-indccd; piasnal-qucsiion; lim ca-
luiilcioic; aiblalavai-lilc a clild; lïla-pasiimcs; api-also; na-noi; yujyaic-is
cndgagcd; vaisamyai-bccausc ol bcing inappiopiiaic; iii-ilus; ala-said.
lccausc Hc is pcilccily spiiiiual, ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad docs noi
cngagc in oidinaiy insignilicani maiciial aciiviiics ilai aic impcllcd by ilc modcs
ol naiuic. Tlis iiuil is icpcaicd again in ilc lollowing qucsiion, wlicl assciis ilai
ii is illogical io assumc ilai ilc Supicmc Loid would play in ilc samc way an
oidinaiy maiciial clild would play (Siïmad-llagavaiam 3.7.3):
Tcxi 2
liïdayam udyamo 'iblasya
lamas caliïdisanyaial
svaias iipiasya ca lailam
niviiiasya sadanyaial
liïdayam-in ilc maiici ol playing; udyamal-cnilusiasm; aiblasya-ol ilc boys;
lamal-dcsiic; caliïdisa-willingncss io play; anyaial-wiil oilci boys; svaias-
iipiasya-loi onc wlo is scll saiislicd; ca-also; lailam-wlai loi'; niviiiasya-onc
wlo is dciaclcd; sada-ai all iimcs; anyaial-oilciwisc.
"loys aic cnilusiasiic io play wiil oilci boys oi wiil vaiious divcisions
bccausc ilcy aic cncouiagcd by dcsiic. lui ilcic is no possibiliiy ol sucl dcsiic loi
ilc Loid bccausc Hc is scll-saiislicd and dciaclcd liom cvciyiling ai all iimcs."¯
Tcxi 3
udyamayaii piavaiiayaiïiy udyamal. aiblalasya liïdayam piaviiii-lciul lamo
'sii. anyaias iu vasiv-aniaicna balaniaia-piavaiiancna va iasya liïdcccla blavaii.
blagavaias iu svaial svcnaimana svaiupa-vaiblavcna ca iipiasya aia cvanyaial
sada niviiiasya ca lailam anyaio jïvaj jagaias ca nimiiiai ciliïdiscii.
udyamayaii-is cnilusiasiic; piavaiiayaii-impclls; iii-ilus; udyamal-cnilusiasm;
aiblalasya-ol a boy; liïdayam-in playing; piaviiii-lciul-ilc causc ol aciion;
lamal-dcsiic; asii-is; anyaial-oilcis; iu-bui; vasiv-aniaicna-anoilci iling;
balaniaia-oilci boys; piavaiiancna-by ilc causc; va-oi; iasya-ol lim; liïdcccla-ilc
dcsiic io play; blavaii-is; blagavaial-ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; iu-
bui; svaial-scll; svcnaimana-by Himscll; svaiupa-vaiblavcna-by His own
poicncics; ca-also; iipiasya-saiislicd; aia cva-ilcicloic; anyaial-oilci; sada-always;
niviiiasya-dciaclcd; ca-and; lailam-low'; anyaial-oilcis; jïvaj-individual spiiii
souls; jagaial-ol ilc maiciial woild; ca-and; nimiiiai-liom ilc causc; ciliïdisa-ilc
dcsiic io play; iii-ilus.
Hcic ilc woid "udyamal" mcans "wlai impcls onc io aci". Hcic ii is said ilai
dcsiic (lamal) is ilc causc ol boys' playing (aiblalasya liïdayam). "Anyaial"
mcans ciilci "oilci ilings" oi "oilci boys". In ilis way ilcic is a dcsiic io play.
Tlc vcisc ilcn says, Howcvci, ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad is alicady
saiislicd (iipiasya) wiil His own (svaial) gloiics and opulcnccs and powcis, and
ilcicloic Hc is always dciaclcd liom all clsc. How (lailam), ilcn, is ii possiblc
ilai Hc could dcsiic io play (ciliïdisa) wiil ilc condiiioncd souls icsiding in ilc
maiciial woild (anyaial)'"
Anuccheda 87
Tcxi 1
na ca iasya ic gunas ial liiyas ca na vidyania iiy apalapanïyam. iaiiaiva
piasiddlci iiy ala
na-noi; ca-and; iasya-ol Him; ic-ilcy; gunal-modcs ol naiuic; ial-ilcy; liiyal-
aciiviiics; ca-and; na-noi; vidyania-aic; iii-ilus; apalapanïyam-noi io bc said; iaiia-
ilcic; cva-indccd; piasiddlcl-liom ilc piool; iii-ilus; ala-said.
In ilis way ii is alliimcd ilai ilc Supicmc Loid pciloims no maiciial aciiviiics
and is noi inllucnccd by ilc maiciial modcs. Tlis is also conliimcd by ilc
lollowing woids (Siïmad-llagavaiam 3.7.+):
Tcxi 2
asialsïd blagavan visvam
guna-mayyaima-mayaya
iaya samsilapayaiy ciad
bluyal piaiyapidlasyaii
asialsïi-causcd io cicaic; blagavan-ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad;
visvam-ilc univcisc; guna-mayya-cndowcd wiil ilicc modcs ol maiciial naiuic;
aima-scll; mayaya-by ilc poicncy; iaya-by lci; samsilapayaii-mainiainbs; ciai-all
ilcsc; bluyal-ilcn again; piaiyapidlasyaii-convciscly dissolvcs also.
"ly His scll-slclicicd poicncy ol ilc ilicc modcs ol maiciial naiuic, ilc Loid
las causcd ilc cicaiion ol ilis univcisc. ly lci Hc mainiains ilc cicaiion and
convciscly dissolvcs ii, again and again."¯
Tcxi 3
guna-mayya iiaigunya-vyanjinya aimasiiiaya mayaya samsilapayaii palayaii
piaiyapidlasyaii piaiilaumycna iiioliiam laiisyaii.
guna-mayya-guna-mayya; iiaigunya-vyanjinya-manilcsiing ilc ilicc modcs;
aimasiiiaya-ialing slclici ol ilc Scll; mayaya-by ilc maya poicncy; samsilapayaii-
csiablislcs; palayaii-pioiccis; piaiyapidlasyaii-dissovlcs; piaiilaumycna-wiil
dissoluiion; iiioliiam-dissouluiion; laiisyaii-will do.
Hcic ilc woid "guna-mayya" mcans consisiing ol ilc ilicc modcs", "aima-
mayaya" mcans "by His own poicncy", "samsilapayaii" mcans "Hc pioiccis", and
"piaiyapidlasyaii" mcans "Hc will dissolvc".
Anuccheda 88
Tcxi 1
jïvasya ca lailam maya-moliiaivam glaiciciy alscpaniaiam ala
jïvasya-ol ilc individual spiiii soul; ca-also; lailam-low'; maya-moliiaivam-
ilc siaic ol bcing bcwildcicd by ilc illusoiyu poicncy; glaicia-occuis; iii-ilus;
alscpa-lini; aniaiam-anoilci; ala-said.
Tlc qucsiion "How is ii possiblc loi ilc individual soul io bc bcwildcicd by ilc
Loid's illusoiy poicncy maya'" is linicd in ilcsc woids (Siïmad-llagavaiam
3.7.5):
Tcxi 2
dcsaial lalaio yo 'sav
avasilaial svaio 'nyaial
avilupiavabodlaima
sa yujyciajaya lailam
dcsaial-ciicumsianiial; lalaial-by ilc inllucncc ol iimc; yal-onc wlo; asav-ilc
living cniiiy; avasilaial-by siiuaiion; svaial-by dicam; anyaial-by oilcis;
avilupia-cxiinci; avabodla-consciousncss; aima-puic scll; sa-lc; yujycia-cngagcd;
ajaya-wiil ncscicncc; lailam-low is ii so'
"Tlc puic soul is puic consciousncss and is ncvci oui ol consciousncss, ciilci
duc io ciicumsianccs, iimc, siiuaiions, dicams, oi oilci causcs. How, ilcn, docs
lc bccomc cngagcd in ncscicncc'"
Tcxi 3
yo 'sau dcsadiblii avilupiavabodla aima jïval. sa lailam ajayavidyaya yujycia.
iaiia dcsa-vyavadlanaio dcsa-gaia-dosaio va calsul-pialasa iva. lalaio vidyud iva.
avasilaial smiiii iva. svaial sulii-iajaiam iva. anyaio glaiadi-vasiv iva na
iasyavabodlo lupyaic. avyalaia-svaiupa-bluia-jnanasiayaivad cvciy aiilal.
yal-wlo; asau-lc; dcsadiblil-bcginning wiil placc; avilupiavabodla-cxiinci
consciousncss; aima-aima; jïval-individual soul; sa-lc; lailam-low'; ajaya-
ajnaya; avidyayaby ncscicncc; yujycia-is cngagcd; iaiia-ilcic; dcsa-vyavadlanaial-
accoiding io placc; dcsa-gaia-dosaial-bccausc ol ilc dclcci ol ilc placc; va-oi;
calsul-pialasa-ilc mainlcsiaiion ol ilc cycs; iva-lilc; lalaial-liom iimc; vidyui-
liglining; iva-lilc; avasilaial-siiuaiion; smiiil-mcmoiy; iva-lilc; svaial-
pcisonally; sulii-iajaiam-scaslcll and silvci; iva-lilc; anyaial-anoilci; glaiadi-
vasiv-bcginning wciil clay pois; iva-lilc; na-noi; iasya-ol lim; avabodlal-
consciousncss; lupyaic-is iniciiupicd; avyalaia-svaiupa-bluia-jnana-
uniniciiupicd lnowlcdgc; asiayaivadbccausc ol bcing ilc slclici; cva-indccd; iii-
ilus; aiilal-ilc mcaning.
Tlis vcisc cxplains ilai ilc individual soul (yo 'sau aima) is ncvci oui ol
consciousncss (avilupiavabodlal) in any lind ol ciicumsianccs. Tlc qucsiion is
aslcd: "How (lailam) docs lc (sal) bccomc cngagcd (yujycia) in ncscicncc
(ajaya)'" Hcic "dcsaial" mcans bccausc ol bad ciicumsianccs, oi bccausc ol
siiuaiion noi lavoiablc loi ilc cycs", "lalaial" mcans "bccausc ol iimc, wlicl
passcs lilc liglining", "avasilaial" mcans bccausc ol ilc vaiious siiuaiions, sucl
as ilc condiiion ol ilc mcmoiy", "svaial" mcans "bccausc ol dicams and illusions,
sucl as ilc illusion ol ilinling ilc gliiiciing on a scaslcll's suilacc is gcnuinc
silvci", and "anyaial" mcans "bccausc ol oilci causcs, as aic sccn in ilc cxamplc
ol ilc clay poi and oilci lilc cxamplcs". In ilis way ilc individual soul's
consciousncss is ncvci iniciiupicd (avilupiavabodlal). Tlai is ilc mcaning.
Anuccheda 89
Tcxi 1
iaiiaiva viiodlaniaiam ala
iaiia-ilcic; cva-indccd; viiodla-pioblcm; aniaiam-anoilci; ala-said.
Anoilci pioblcm is dcsciibcd in ilcsc woids (Siïmad-llagavaiam 3.7.6):
Tcxi 2
blagavan cla cvaisa
saiva-lsciicsv avasiliial
amusya duiblagaivam va
llcso va laimablil luial
blagavan-ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; cla-alonc; cva csa-all ilcsc;
saiva-all; lsciicsv-in ilc living cniiiics; avasiliial-siiuaicd; amusya-ol ilc living
cniiiics; duiblagaivam-misloiiunc; va-ciilci; llcsal-misciics; va-oi; laimablil-by
aciiviiics; luial-wlai loi'
"Tlc Loid, as ilc Supcisoul, is siiuaicd in cvciy living bcing's lcaii. Wly ilcn
do ilc living cniiiics' aciiviiics icsuli in misloiiunc and misciy'"¯
Tcxi 3
csa cla cva blagavan paiamaimapi saiva-lsciicsu saivasya jïvasya lsciicsu
dclcsv avasiliial. iaiia saii lailam amusyaiva jïvasya duiblagaivam svaiupa-
bluia-jnanadi-lopal laimablil llcsas ca iasya va luio nasii. na ly clasmin
jaladau siliiayoi vasiunol lasyacii iai-samsaigal lasyacin ncii yujyaia iiy aiilal.
csa-Hc; cla-onc; cva-indccd; blagavan-ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad;
paiamaima-ilc Supcisoul; api-also; saiva-lsciicsu-in all living cniiiics; saivasya-ol
all; jïvasya-living cniiiics; lsciicsu-in ilc liclds; dclcsv-in ilc bodics; avasiliial-
siiuaicd; iaiia-ilcic; saii-bcing so; lailam-low'; amusya-ol lim; cva-indccd;
jïvasya-ilc individual spiiii soul; duiblagaivam-misloiiunc; svaiupa-bluia-
jnanadi-lopal-iniciiupiion ol naiuial spiiiiual lnowlcdgc; laimablil-by
aciiviiics; llcsal-sullciing; ca-and; iasya-ol lim; va-oi; luial-liom wlcic'; na-noi;
asii-is; na-noi; li-indccd; clasmin-in onc; jaladau-bcginning wiil waici; siliiayol-
siiuaicd; vasiunol-ol ilc subsiancc; lasyacii-ol somciling; iai-samsaigal-cicaiion
ol ilai; lasyacin-ol somciling; na-noi; iii-ilus; yujyaia-is cngagcd; iii-ilus;
aiilal-ilc mcaning.
Hcic ilc woids "blagavan cla cvaisa" iclci io ilc Supcisoul. "Saiva-lsciicsv
avasiliial" mcans siiuaicd in ilc maiciial bodics ol all condiiioncd souls". Tlc
vcisc ilcn asls: "Wly (luial) ilcn do ilc living cniiiics'(amusya) aciiviiics
(laimablil) icsuli in misloiiunc (duiblagaivam) and misciy (llcsal)'" Tlc
mcaning ol ilis vcisc is: "As iwo ilings cannoi occupy ilc samc poini in spacc,
ciilci in waici oi land, so ilcsc iwo pioposiiions cannoi boil bc iiuc."
Anuccheda 90
Tcxi 1
aiia lcvalam cin-maiiaivam na samblavaiïii blagavaiivam cvangï-liiya siï-
maiiicya uvaca
aiia-lcic; lcvalam-only; cin-maiiaivam-spiiiiual naiuic; na-noi; samblavaii-is
possiblc; iii-ilus; blagavaiivam-ilc naiuic ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad; cva-indccd; angï-liiya-acccpiing; siï-maiiicya-Siï Maiiicya; uvaca-said.
Tlc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad is noi only spiiiiual in naiuic. Hc is also
ilc masici ol all opulcnccs. Siï Maiiicya acccpis ilis wlcn lc says (Siïmad-
llagavaiam 3.7.9):
Tcxi 2
scyam blagavaio maya
yan naycna viiudlyaic
ïsvaiasya vimuliasya
laipanyam uia bandlanam
sa iyam-sucl a siaicmcni; blagavaial-ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad;
maya-illusion; yan-ilai wlicl; naycna-by logic; viiudlyaic-bccomc coniiadicioiy;
ïsvaiasya-ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; vimuliasya-ol ilc cvci-libciaicd;
laipanyam-insullicicncy; uia-as also, wlai io spcal ol; bandlanam-bondagc.
"Cciiain condiiioncd souls pui loiwaid ilc ilcoiy ilai ilc Supicmc lialman,
oi ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad, is ovcicomc by illusion, oi maya, and ai
ilc samc iimc ilcy mainiain ilai Hc is uncondiiioncd. Tlis is againsi all logic."¯
Tcxi 3
yaya visva-sisiy-adilam blavaii. scyam blagavaio 'ciniya-svaiupa-salici
mayallya saliil. yad ya ca naycna iailcna viiudlyaic. iailaiïiaiaya scyam apy
aciniyciy aiilal.
yaya-by wlicl; visva-sisiy-adilam-bcginning wiil ilc cicaiion ol ilc maiciial
univcisc; blavaii-is; sa iyam-ilai; blagavaial-ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad; aciniya-inconccivablc; svaiupa-pcisonal; salicl-0ol ilc poicncy;
mayallya-callcd maya; saliil-ilc poicncy; yai-wlai; ya-wlicl; ca-and; naycna-by
logic; iailcna-by logic; viiudlyaic-is coniiadicicd; iailaiïiaiaya-bcyond logic; sa
iyam-ilai; api-also; aciniya-inconccivablc; iii-ilus; aiilal-ilc mcaning.
Hcic ilc woids "scyam blagavaio maya" mcan ilc Loid's poicncy ilai cicaics,
mainiains, and dcsiioys ilc maiciial woilds, a poicncy ilai is callcd maya and is
manilcsicd liom ilc Loid's inconccivablc inicinal poicncy". "Yan naycna
viiudlyaic" mcans "Tlis is againsi all logic". Tlc mcaning is ilai ilc Loid's
inconccivablc poicncy is bcyond oidinaiy maiciial logic.
Tcxi +
yadyapy cvam dvayoi apy aciniyaivam. iailapi blagavaio mayciy ancna
vyaliaivai svaiupa-salici aniaiangaivad baliiangaya mayaya gunail saiivadiblis
iai-laiyail silapanadi-lïlablis ca nasau spisyaia iiy aiilal.
yadyapi-alilougl; cvam-ilus; dvayol-ol ilc iwo; api-cvcn; aciniyaivam-
inconccivabiliiy; iailapi-siill; blagavaial-ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad;
maya-maya; iii-ilus; ancna-by ilis; vyaliaivai-bccausc ol bcing manilcsicd;
svaiupa-salicl-ol ilc pcisonal poicncy; aniaiangaivai-bccausc ol bcing inicinal;
baliiangaya-cxicinal; mayaya-by maya; gunail-by ilc modcs; saiivadiblil-
bcginning wiil goodncss; iai-laiyail-by ilcii cllccis; silapanadi-lïlablil-pasiimcs
ilai bcgin wiil cicaiion; ca-and; na-noi; asau-ilis; spisyaia-is iouclcd; iii-ilus;
aiilal-ilc mcaning.
Alilougl ilc inicinal and cxicinal poicncics ol ilc Loid aic boil
inconccivablc, loi ilc cxicinal poicncy maya is iiscll manilcsicd liom ilc inicinal
poicncy, ncvciilclcss ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad is noi iouclcd by
maya's ilicc maiciial modcs, wlicl bcgin wiil ilc modc ol goodncss, noi is Hc
iouclcd by maya's pasiimcs ol cicaiing, mainiaining, and dcsiioying ilc maiciial
woilds. Tlai is ilc mcaning.
Tcxi 5
iaiia lcvalam cin-maiiaivam na. ianiicna cayam aiilal. saiyam paiamcsvaic na
ic guna na ca ial liiyal. liniu yasyas ic gunas iad-asiaya-balaya yaya ca
liiyamanam laima iasminn aiopyaic. scyam iasya mayallya baliianga saliil.
iaiia-ilcic; lcvalam-only; cin-maiiaivam-spiiii only; na-noi; ianiicna-by ilc
aiiangcmcni; ca-also; ayam-ilis; aiilal-ilc mcaning; saiyam-icaliiy; paiamcsvaic-
in ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; na-noi; ic-ilc; guna-modcs; na-noi; ca-
and; ial-ilc; liiyal-maiciial aciiviiics; liniu-lowcvci; yasyal-ol wlicl; ic-ilc;
gunal-modcs; iad-asiaya-balaya-by ialing sljclici ol Him; yaya-by wlucl; ca-and;
liiyamanam-aciing; laima-aciion; iasminn-in ilai; aiopyaic-is aiiilically imposcd;
sa iyam-ilis; iasya-ol Him; mayallya-callcd maya; baliianga-cxicinal; saliil-
poicncy.
Tlc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad is noi only spiiii. Hcic is ilc mcaning:
Nciilci maiciial aciiviiics noi ilc maiciial modcs lavc any inllucncc ovci ilc
Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad. Howcvci bccausc maya's maiciial modcs and
maiciial aciiviiics uliimaicly lind ilcii slclici in ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad, ii is imagincd ilai ilcy lavc inllucncc ovci Him. Hcic ilc woids
"scyam" mcan "ilc Loid's cxicinal poicncy, wlicl is callcd maya".
Tcxi 6
iad uliam iic 'iilam yai piaiïycia iiy adi.
iai-ilai; uliam-said; iic 'iilam yai piaiïycia iiy adi-Siïmad-llagavaiam 2.9.3+.
Tlc Supicmc Loid dcsciibcs ilc illusoiy poicncy maya in ilcsc woids ol
Siïmad-llagavaiam (2.9.3+):
"O lialma, wlaicvci appcais io bc ol any valuc, il ii is wiiloui iclaiion io Mc,
las no icaliiy. Know ii as My illusoiy cncigy, ilai icllcciion wlicl appcais io bc
in dailncss."¯
Tcxi 7
iad cva vivinoii yan naycncii. yad iiy avyayam. yad yaya iad-asiiiayapi ycna
blagavaia sala na viiudlyaic. yaya blagavan na viiodla-visayi-liiyaia iiy aiilal.
iai-ilai; cva-indccd; vivinoii-icvcals; yan-wlai; naycna-by logic; iii-indccd; yai-
wlai; iii-ilus; avyayam-unclanging; yai-wlai; yaya-by wlicl; iad-asiiiaya-ialing
slclici ol HIm; api-also; ycna-by wlom; blagavaia-ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad; sala-wiil; na-noi; viiudlyaic-is coniiadicicd; yaya-by wlicl; blagavan-
ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; na-noi; viiodla-visayi-liiyaia-is
coniiadicicd; iii-ilus; aiilal-ilc mcaning.
Tlc woids in ilis vcisc (Siïmad-llagavaiam 3.7.9, wlicl was quoicd in icxi 2
ol ilis anucclcda) may also bc dividcd yan na ycna viiudlyaic" insicad ol "yan
aycna viiudlyaic" Inicipicicd in ilis way ilc woid "yan" mcans "ilc maya
poicncy, wlicl ialcs slclici ol ilc Supicmc Loid", "na" mcans "noi", "ycna"
mcans "by ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad", and viiudlyaic" mcans "is
coniiadicicd." Inicipicicd in ilis way, ilc woids mcan "Tlis is noi againsi all
logic".
Tcxi S
na ly ablasa-gaicna luivuiaivadina calanadina va suiya-mandalasya iai-iad-
yogo viioddlum salyaia iii blaval. cicna vaisamya-paias ca paiiliial.
na-noi; li-indccd; ablasa-gaicna-aiiaincd ilc illusion; luivuiaivadina-
bcginning wiil vaiiciy; calanadina-bcginning wiil iiicls; va-oi; suiya-mandalasya-
ol ilc sun; iai-iad-yogal-coniaciing; viioddlum-io coniiadici; salyaia-is ablc; iii-
ilus; blaval-ilc mcaning; cicna-by ilis; vaisamya-paial-inconsisicncy; ca-and;
paiiliial-is icmovcd.
Hcic (in Siïmad-llagavaiam 2.9.3+ quoicd in icxi 6 ol ilis anucclcda) ilc
woid "ablasal" (icllcciion) indicaics ilai ilc iays ol sunligl, cvcn il ilcy cicaic
coloilul iainbows oi bcwildciing miiagcs, ncvci coniiadici oi obscuic ilc slining
ol ilc sun globc, wlicl is ilcii souicc. Tlus in ilis inicipiciaiion ol Siïmad-
llagavaiam 3.7.9, quoicd in icxi 2 ol ilis anucclcda) ilc idca ol a coniiadiciion
oi ol illogic is dcnicd.
Tcxi 9
iad ciai saivam ablipiciya scyam blagavaio maya iiy ancna iiilam-bluia-guno
laiil iiivai iai-iai-svablavaivcyam iii dlvaniiam.
iai-ilis; ciai-ilai; saivam-all; ablipiciya-inicnding; scyam blagavaio maya iiy
ancna-by Siïmad-llagavaiam 3.7.9; iiilam-bluia-guno laiil iii-Siïmad-
llagavaiam 1.7.10; vai-lilc; iai-iai-svablava-ilc naiuic ol ilcm; cva-indccd; iyam-
ilis; iii-ilus; dlvaniiam-said.
In ilis way Siïmad-llagavaiam 3.7.9 may bc inicipicicd accoiding io ilcsc
woids ol Siïmad-llagavaiam (1.7.10):
"Tlc Loid posscsscs iiansccndcnial qualiiics and opulcnccs."
Tcxi 10
iad ciad-aiilasyanululo 'yam api sabda-dlvani-lambliio 'iila-viscsal spluiaii.
yaila naycna iailcna viiudlyaia iii. yai scyam blagavaio maycii. yad yaya mayaya
ycna blagavaia sala na viiudlyaic. nasau viiodla-visayï-liiyaia iii. yad va ycna
blagavaia na viiudlyaic. na saivaila niivisayï-liiyaia iii ca.
iai-ilis; ciai-ilai; aiilasya-ol ilc mcaning; anululal-lavoiavlc; ayam-ilis; api-
also; sabda-dlvani-lambliial-dcpcnding on ilc sound ol ilc woid; aiila-
mcaning; viscsal-spccilic; spluiaii-is manilcsicd; yaila-as; naycna-by logic;
iailcna-by logic; viiudlyaia-is coniiadicicd; iii-ilus; yai-wlai; sa iyam-ilis;
blagavaial-ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; maya-maya; iii-ilus; yai-wlai;
yaya-by wlicl; mayaya-maya; ycna-by wlom; blagavaia-Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad; sala-wiil; na-noi; viiudlyaic-is coniiadicicd; na-noi; asau-ilai;
viiodla-visayï-liiyaia-is in ilc icalm ol coniiadiciions; iii-ilus; yai-wlai; va-oi;
ycna-by wlom; blagavaia-ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; na-noi;
viiudlyaic-is coniiadicicd; na-noi; saivaila-in all icspccis; niivisayï-liiyaia-noi in
ilc icalm ol pciccpiion; iii-ilus; ca-also.
Il ilcsc woids aic inicipicicd "naycna viiudlyaic", ilcy may mcan "ilc
Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad cannoi bc undcisiood by maiciial logic". Il ilc
woids aic inicipicicd "na ycna viiudlyaic" ilcy may mcan "ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad cannoi bc undcisiood by ialing slclici ol His maya
poicncy".
Tcxi 11
cvam cva sasilc navamadlyayc duiavabodla iva iavayam iiy-adina gadycna
iasya saguna-laiiiivam viiudlya punai aila iaiia blavan iii gadycnaniaiyamiiaya
guna-visaiga-paiiiaivcna jïva-vad bloliiiva-yogam samblavya na li viiodla
ublayam iiy adi gadycna iaiia iaiiaviiailya-saliiivam cva ca siddlanic yojiiam.
cvam-ilus; cva-indccd; sasilc-in ilc sixil canio; navamadlyayc-in ilc ninil
clapici; duiavabodla iva iavayam iiy-adina-Siïmad-llagavaiam 6.9.3+; gadycna-
in piosc; iasya-ol Him; saguna-laiiiivam-ilc maiciial doci; viiudlya-icluiing;
punal-again; aila-ilcn; iaiia blavan iii-Siïmad-llagavaiam 6.9.35;
gadycnaniaiyamiiaya-piosc; guna-visaiga-paiiiaivcna-as lallcn inio ilc woild
cicaicd by ilc maiciial modcs; jïva-vai-lilc ilc individual spiiii soul; bloliiiva-
yogam-ilc cnjoyci; samblavya-cicaiing; na-noi; li-indccd; viiodla-coniiadiciion;
ublayam-boil; iii-ilus; adi-bcginning; gadycna-piosc; iaiia-ilcic; iaiia-ilcic;
aviiailya-inconccivablc; saliiivam-wiil ilc poicncy; cva-indccd; ca-also;
siddlanic-in ilc conclusion; yojiiam-appiopiiaic.
In Siïmad-llagavaiam (6.9.3+) ii is said:
"O Loid, You nccd no suppoii, and alilougl You lavc no maiciial body, You
do noi nccd coopciaiion liom us. Sincc You aic ilc causc ol ilc cosmic
manilcsiaiion and You supply iis maiciial ingicdicnis wiiloui bcing iiansloimcd,
You cicaic, mainiain, and annililaic ilis cosmic manilcsiaiion by Youiscll.
Ncvciilclcss,alilougl You appcai cngagcd in maiciial aciiviiy, You aic
iiansccndcnial io all maiciial qualiiics. Conscqucnily, ilcsc iiansccndcnial
aciiviiics ol Youis aic cxiicmcly dilliculi io undcisiand."¯
In ilis piosc passagc ol Siïmad-llagavaiam, ii is clcaily said ilai ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad docs noi pciloim maiciial aciiviiics impcllcd by ilc
maiciial modcs. In ilc ncxi passagc (Siïmad-llagavaiam 6.9.35) ii is said:
"Tlcsc aic oui inquiiics. Tlc oidinaiy condiiioncd soul is subjcci io ilc
maiciial laws, and lc ilus icccivcs ilc liuiis ol lis aciions. Docs Youi Loidslip ,
lilc an oidinaiy luman bcing, cxisi wiilin ilis maiciial woild in a body pioduccd
by ilc maiciial modcs' Do You cnjoy oi sullci ilc good oi bad icsulis ol aciions
undci ilc inllucncc ol iimc, pasi woil, and so loiil' Oi, on ilc coniiaiy, aic You
picscni lcic only as a ncuiial wiincss wlo is scll-sullicicni, licc liom all maiciial
dcsiics, and always lull ol spiiiiual poicncy' Wc cciiainly cannoi undcisiand Youi
aciual posiiion."¯
In ilis piosc passagc ol Siïmad-llagavaiam ilc Loid's lcaiuic as ilc Supcisoul
is dcsciibcd and ii is aslcd wlcilci His picscncc in ilc maiciial woild ol ilc ilicc
modcs is lilc ilai ol ilc condiiioncd souls wlo iiy io cnjoy ilc maiciial naiuic. In
ilc ncxi passagc ii is said:
"O Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad, all coniiadiciions can bc icconcilcd in
You. O Loid, sincc You aic ilc Supicmc Pcison, ilc icscivoii ol unlimiicd
spiiiiual qualiiics, ilc Supicmc Coniiollci, Youi unlimiicd gloiics aic
inconccivablc io ilc condiiioncd souls. Many modcin ilcologians aiguc aboui
iigli and wiong wiiloui lnowing wlai is aciually iigli. Tlcii aigumcnis aic
always lalsc and ilcii judgmcnis inconclusivc bccausc ilcy lavc no auiloiizcd
cvidcncc wiil wlicl io gain lnowlcdgc ol You. lccausc ilcii minds aic agiiaicd
by sciipiuics coniaining lalsc conclusions, ilcy aic unablc io undcisiand ilc iiuil
conccining You. Iuiilcimoic, bccausc ol polluicd cagcincss io aiiivc ai ilc iigli
conclusion, ilcii ilcoiics aic incapablc ol icvcaling You, wlo aic iiansccndcnial
io ilcii maiciial conccpiions. You aic onc wiiloui a sccond, and ilcicloic in You
coniiadiciions lilc doing and noi doing, lappincss and disiicss, aic noi
coniiadicioiy. Youi poicncy is so gicai ilai ii can do and undo anyiling as You
lilc. Wiil ilc lclp ol ilai poicncy, wlai is impossiblc loi You' Sincc ilcic is no
dualiiy in Youi consiiiuiional posiiion, You can do cvciyiling by ilc inllucncc ol
Youi cncigy."¯
In ilis piosc passagc ol Siïmad-llagavaiam ii is said ilai ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad las inconccivablc poicncics.
Tcxi 12
iaiia svaiupa-salici aviiailyaivam blagavaii iiy adiblii viscsanaii mayayas
caima-mayam iiy ancna daisiiam.
iaiia-ilcic; svaiupa-salicl-ol ilc inicinal poicncy; aviiailyaivam-
inconccivalcncss; blagavaii iiy adiblil-Siïmad-llagavaiam 6.9.36; viscsanail-
wiil adjcciivcs; mayayal-ol maya; ca-and; aima-mayam-aima-mayam; iii-ilus;
ancna-by ilis; daisiiam-slown.
Tlai ilc Supicmc Loid's poicncics aic inconccivablc is conliimcd by ilc
dcsciipiions ilai lollow ilc woid blagavaii" in ilis piosc passagc ol Siïmad-
llagavaiam (6.9.36).
Tcxi 13
iaiia svaiupa-dvayablavai iiy asya iailapy aciniua-saliya iai-laiiiivam iad-
anial-paiiivam vidyaia iiy aiilal.
iaiia-ilcic; svaiupa-dvayablavai iii-in ilc woids svaiupa-dvayablavai; asya-ol
ilis; iailapi-siill; aciniua-saliya-ol ilc inconccivablc poicncy; iai-laiiiivam-ilc
doci ol ilai; iad-anial-paiiivam-lalling wiilin; vidyaia-is; iii-ilus; aiilal-ilc
mcaning.
Tlai ilc Supicmc Loid cmploys His inconccivablc poicncy io pcisonally cnici
ilc maiciial woild is conliimcd lcic (in Siïmad-llagavaiam 6.9.36) by ilc usc ol
ilc woid "svaiupa-dvayablavai".
Tcxi 1+
sama-visama-maiïnam iii iu gadyam iailapy uccavaca-buddlïnam iaila iaila
spluiasïii piaiipaiiy-aiilam jncyam.
sama-visama-maiïnam iii-Siïmad-llagavaiam 6.9.37; iu-indccd; gadyam-piosc;
iailapi-siill; uccavaca-ligl and low; buddlïnam-wlo lavc iniclligcncc; iaila-so;
iaila-so; spluiasi-You manilcsi; iii-ilus; piaiipaiiy-aiilam-loi ilc salc pl piool;
jncyam-io bc lnown.
In Siïmad-llagavaiam (6.9.37) ii is said:
"A iopc causcs lcai loi a bcwildcicd pcison wlo considcis ii a snalc, bui noi
loi a pcison wiil piopci iniclligcncc wlo lnows ii io bc only a iopc. Similaily
You, as ilc Supcisoul in cvciyonc's lcaii, inspiic lcai oi lcailcssncss accoiding io
onc's iniclligcncc, bui in You ilcic is no dualiiy."¯
Tlc gisi ol ilis piosc passagc is: "O Loid, You appcai in ilis woild in oidci io
cnliglicn ilc iniclligcni and ilc uniniclligcni."
Tcxi 15
duiavabodla iva iii pialiana-gadyc iu asaiïial iii saiïia-ccsiam vina. asaianal
iii blumy-ady-asiayam vinciy aiilal.
duiavabodla iva iii-Siïmad-llagavaiam 6.9.3+; pialiana-picvious; gadyc-piosc;
iu-bui; asaiïial iii-icl woid "asaiiial"; saiïia-ccsiam-aciiviiics ol ilc body; vina-
wiiloui; asaianal-wiiloui slclici; iii-ilus; blumy-ady-asiayam-ialing slcilci ol
ilc caiil oi oilci ilings; vina-wiiloui; iii-ilus; aiilal-ilc mcaning.
In Siïmad-llagavaiam 6.9.3+, wlicl was quoicd lcic (in icxi 11 ol ilis
anucclcda), ilc woid "asaiïial" mcans licc ol laving io pciloim ilc aciiviics ilai
musi bc pciloimcd by a maiciial body", and "asaianal" mcans noi nccding io
ialc slclici ol ilc caiil oi any oilci iling". Tlai is ilc mcaning.
Tcxi 16
aila iaiia iiy adau sva-liic 'pi iasyapi lciu-laiiiivad yojanïyam. iasmad aiiapi
svaiupa-salici cva piadlanyam daisiiam.
aila iaiia iiy adau-Siïmad-llagavaiam 6.9.35; sva-liic-donc; api-cvcn; iasya-ol
Him; api-also; lciu-laiiiivai-bccausc ol bcing ilc cicaioi; yojanïyam-is
appiopiiaic; iasmai-liom ilai; aiia-lcic; api-also; svaiupa-salicl-inicinal poicncy;
cva-indccd; piadlanyam-piimaiy impoiiancc; daisiiam-is icvcalcd.
In Siïmad-llagavaiam 6.9.35 (quoicd in icxi 11 ol ilis anucclcda) ii is linicd
ilai ilc Loid cmploys His cxicinal poicncy io cicaic ilc miciial woild. Ioi ilis
icason ilc Loid's inicinal poicncy is supciioi io ilc cxicinal poicncy.
Tcxi 17
aia cva iic 'iilam yai piaiïycia iiy adau mayaya ablasa-silanïyaivam piadaisya
iad aspisyaivam cva blagavaio daisiiam ivam adyal puiusal salsai iiy adau
mayam vyudasya cic-claliya iiy ancna ca iaila jnapiiam. maya paiaiiy ablimullc
ca vilajjamana iiy ancna ca.
aia cva-ilcicloic; iic 'iilam yai piaiïycia iiy adau-in Siïmad-llagavaiam 2.9.3+;
mayaya-ol maya; ablasa-icllcciion; silanïyaivam-siiuaiion; piadaisya-icvcaling;
iai-ilai; aspisyaivam-unioucablcncss; cva-indccd; blagavaial-ol ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; daisiiam-slown; ivam adyal puiusal salsai iiy adau-in
Siïmad-llagavaiam 1.7.23; mayam-maya; vyudasya-vyudasya; cic-claliya-cic-
claliya; iii-ilus; ancna-by ilis; ca-and; iaila-so; jnapiiam-inloimcd; maya paiaiiy
ablimullc ca vilajjamana iiy ancna-Siïmad-llagavaiam 2.7.+7; ca-and.
In Siïmad-llagavaiam (2.9.3+) ilc Supicmc Loid cxplains:
"O lialma, wlaicvci appcais io bc ol any valuc, il ii is wiiloui iclaiion io mc,
las no icaliiy. Know ii as My illusoiy cncigy, ilai icllcciion wlicl appcais io bc
in dailncss."¯
In ilis way ii is slown ilai ilc Loid's cxicinal poicncy, maya, is lilc a
icllcciion. Tlai ilc maya poicncy docs noi diiccily ioucl ilc Supicmc Loid is
dcsciibcd in ilcsc woids ol Siïmad-llagavaiam (2.7.23):
"O Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad, You lavc casi away ilc cllccis ol ilc
maiciial cncigy by dini ol Youi spiiiiual poicncy."¯
Tlis also conliimcd by ilcsc woids ol Siïmad-llagavaiam (2.7.+7):
"In ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad ilc illusoiy cncigy docs noi siand."¯
Tcxi 1S
iad cvam blagavaii iad-viiodlam paiiliiya jïvc 'py avidya-sambandlaivam
aiailyaivcna daisiiaya ian-mayayaiva samadadlaii. ïsvaiasycii yad iiy ancnaiva
sambadlyaic. aiila-vasad aiia ca iiiïyaya paiinamyaic.yad yaya ïsvaiasya svaiupa-
jnanadiblil samaiilasya. aia cva vimuliasya jïvasya laipanyam iai-iai-pialasa-
iiioblavas iaila bandlanam iad-daisiia-gunamaya-jala-piavcsas ca blavaiïii.
iai-ilai; cvam-ilus; blagavaii-in ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; iad-
viiodlam-in coniiadiciion; paiiliiya-icmoving; jïvc-in ilc individual spiiii soul;
api-also; avidya-ignoiancc; sambandlaivam-iclaiionslip; aiailyaivcna-bccausc ol
bcing inconccivablc; daisiiaya-by icvclaiion; ian-mayaya-by His maya poicncy;
cva-indccd; samadadlaii-acccpis; ïsvaiasya-ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad; iii-ilus; yai-wlai; iii-ilus; ancna-by ilis; cva-indccd; sambadlyaic-is
iclaicd; aiila-mcaning; vasai-by ilc powci; aiia-lcic; ca-and; iiiïyaya-by ilc iliid;
paiinamyaic-is iiansloimcd;.yai-wlai; yaya-by wlai; ïsvaiasya-ol ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; svaiupa-own loim; jnana-lnowlcdgc; adiblil-bcginning;
samaiilasya-ablc; aia cva-ilcicloic; vimuliasya-liccd; jïvasya-ol ilc individual
soul; laipanyam-lowly posiiion; iai-iai-pialasa-iiioblaval-disappcaiancc; iaila-
so; bandlanam-bondagc; iad-daisiia-slowing ilai; gunamaya-consisiing ol ilc
ilicc modcs ol maiciial naiuic; jala-in ilc iiap; piavcsal-cniiancc; ca-and;
blavaii-is; iii-ilus.
In ilis way any sccming coniiadiciions in ilc naiuic ol ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad aic icsolvcd and ilc inconccivablc maya poicncy's
bcwildcimcni ol ilc condiiioncd souls is dcsciibcd. Tlis is slown by ilc woids
"ïsvaiasya" and "yan" in Siïmad-llagavaiam 3.7.9 (quoicd lcic in ilc bcginning
ol anucclcda 90). Hcic ilc woid "yan" (yai) las ilc loicc ol ilc insiiumcnial casc
and ii mcans "by ilc powci ol His iiansccndcnial lnowlcdgc and oilci opulcnccs,
ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad (ïsvaiasya) is pcilccily ablc io icmain always
licc ol ilc inllucncc ol maya". On ilc oilci land, cvcn ilc libciaicd (vimuliasya)
individual soul (jïvasya) is in a mucl inlciioi (laipanyam) io ilc Loid, and may
lavc io cnici ilc iiap ol ilc ilicc modcs ol maiciial naiuic (bandlanam).
Tcxi 19
iad uliam iai-sanga-bliamsiiaisvaiyam iii.
iai-ilai; uliam-said; iai-sanga-bliamsiiaisvaiyam iii-Siïmad-llagavaiam
6.5.15.
Tlc siaic ol ilc individual soul lallcn inio ilc maiciial woild is dcsciibcd in
ilcsc woids ol Siïmad-llagavaiam (6.5.15):
"Il onc bccomcs ilc lusband ol a piosiiiuic, lc loscs all indcpcndcncc.
Similaily, il a living cniiiy las polluicd iniclligcncc, lc piolongs lis maiciialisiic
lilc. Iiusiiaicd by maiciial naiuic, lc musi lollow ilc movcmcnis ol ilc
iniclligcncc, wlicl biings vaiious condiiions ol lappincss and disiicss. Il onc
pciloims liuiiivc aciiviiics undci sucl condiiions, wlai will bc ilc bcnclii'"¯
Tcxi 20
iad ciai saivam ablipiciya siuiayo 'py alul sa yad ajaya iv ajam iiy adau apcia-
blagal iii ca.
iai-ilis; ciai-ilai; saivam-all; ablipiciya-mcaning; siuiayal-ilc Vcdas; api-also;
alul-said; sa yad ajaya iv ajam iiy adau-in Siïmad-llagavaiam 10.S7.3S; apcia-
blagal iii-ilc woid apcia-blagal; ca-and.
Tlc laic ol ilc individual soul lallcn in ilc maiciial woild is also dcsciibcd in
ilcsc woids spolcn by ilc Pcisonilicd Vcdas (Siïmad-llagavaiam 10.S7.3S):
"Tlc illusoiy maiciial naiuic aiiiacis ilc minuic living cniiiy io cmbiacc lci,
and as a icsuli lc assumcs loims composcd ol lci qualiiics. Subscqucnily, lc loscs
all ol lis spiiiiual qualiiics and musi undcigo icpcaicd dcails."¯¯¯
Tcxi 21
aiia mula-padyc blagavaio mayciy ancna blagavaiivam iv amayilam iiy
ayaiam. indiasya mayciy aiia yailcndiaivam. cvam puivaiiapi jncyam.
aiia-lcic; mula-in ilc oiiginal; padyc-vcisc; blagavaial-ol ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; maya-maya; iii-ilus; ancna-by ilis; blagavaiivam-icl
siaius ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; iv-bui; amayilam-licc liolm ilc
illusoiyn poicncy; iii-ilus; ayaiam-aiiaincd; indiasya-ol India; maya-illusion; iii-
ilus; aiia-lcic; yaila-as; indiaivam-ilc siaius ol India; cvam-ilus; puivaiia-
picviously; api-also; jncyam-io bc undcisiood.
In ilc vcisc (Siïmad-llagavaiam 3.7.9) quoicd in ilc bcginning ol ilis
anucclcda ilc woids "blagavaio maya" indicaic ilai ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad is licc liom maya's ioucl. As ilc monaicl wlo coniiols maya, Hc is licc
liom lci powci. Tlis las bccn cxplaincd picviously.
Anuccheda 91
Tcxi 1
punai api jïvasya vasiuial svïya-iai-iad-avasilaivablavc 'pi blagavan-
mayayaiva iai-iai-piaiïiii iii sa-disianiam upapadayaii
punal-again; api-also; jïvasya-ol ilc individual soul; vasiuial-in iiuil; svïya-
iai-iad-avasilaiva-ol ilosc condiiions ol lilc; ablavc-in ilc abscncc; api-also;
blagavan-mayaya-by ilc illusoiy poicncy ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad;
cva-indccd; iai-iai-piaiïiil-lnowlcdgc ol ilcm; iii-ilus; sa-disianiam-wiil an
cxamplc; upapadayaii-alliims.
Tlc condiiioncd soul in ilc maiciial woild wlo, bcwildcicd by ilc Supicmc
Loid's illusoiy poicncy maya, docs noi undcisiand lis iiuc naiuic, is also
dcsciibcd in ilcsc woids ol Siïmad-llagavaiam (3.7.10):
Tcxi 2
yad aiilcna vinamusya
pumsa aima-vipaiyayal
piaiïyaia upadiasiul
sva-siias-clcdanadiblil
yai-ilus; aiilcna-a puiposc oi mcaning; vina-wiiloui; amusya-ol sucl a onc;
pumsa-ol ilc living cniiiy; aima-vipaiyayal-upsci aboui scll-idcniilicaiion;
piaiïyaia-so appcai; upadiasiul-ol ilc supcilicial onloolci; sva-siial-own lcad;
clcdanadiblil-cuiiing oll.
"Tlc living cniiiy is in disiicss icgaiding lis scll-idcniiiy. Hc las no laciual
baclgiound, lilc a man wlo dicams ilai lc sccs lis lcad cui oll."¯
Tcxi 3
yad yasya mayaya lciui aiilcna vinapi. yadyapi iasya iii-lalam cva so 'iilo
nasii. iailapy aima-vipaiyaya aima-vismiii-puivala-paiablimancnalam cva iad-
dlaimïiy cvam-iupal so 'iilal syai.
yai-wlai; yasya-ol wlicl; mayaya-by maya; lciul-ilc causc; aiilcna-wiil ilc
mcaning; vina-wiiloui; api-cciiainly; yadyapi-alilougl; iasya-ol ilai; iii-lalam-
ilicc plascs ol iimc; cva-indccd; sal-ilai; aiilal-mcaning; na-noi; asii-is; iailapi-
siill; aima-vipaiyaya-upsci aboui scll-idcniilicaiion; aima-vismiii-loigciiing ilc
scll; puivala-picvious; paiablimancna-by ilc conccpiion; alam-I; cva-indccd; iad-
dlaimï-wiil ilosc qualiiics; iii--ilus; cvam-iupal-wiil sucl aloim; sal-ilai;
aiilal-ilc mcaning; syai-is.
Hcic "yad" mcans "ol maya" and "aiilcna vina" mcan "wiiloui a puiposc".
Alilougl lc is cicinal, always cxisiing in ilc ilicc plascs ol iimc (pasi, picscni,
and luiuic), ilc individual soul docs noi lnow ilis iiuil aboui limscll. Hcic ilc
woid "aima-vipaiyayal" indicaics ilai ilc condiiioncd soul las loigoiicn lis iiuc
idcniiiy.
Tcxi +
iaila li upadiasiui jïvasya. iiiïyaiilc sasilï. svapnavasilayam jïvcna sva-siias-
clcdanadilo 'iiva-samblavo 'iilal piaiïyaic.
iaila li-luiilcimoic; upadiasiul-ol ilc scci; jïvasya-ol ilc soul; iiiïyaiilc-in
ilc mcaning ol ilc insiiumcnial; sasilï-ol ilc gcnciivc casc; svapnavasilayam-in a
dicam; jïvcna-by ilc individual spiiii soul; sva-siias-clcdanadilal-ilc cuiiing oll
ol lis lcad; aiiva-samblaval-gicai cicaiion; aiilal-mcaning; piaiïyaic-is bclicvcd.
Hcic ilc woid "upadiasiul" iclcis io ilc individual spiiii soul. Alilougl ilis
woid is in ilc gcniiivc casc, ii las ilc loicc ol ilc insiiumcnial. "Sva-siias-
ccdanadiblil" mcans "in a dicam lc bclicvcs ilai lis lcad las bccn cui oll".
Tcxi 5
na li iasya siias clinnam. na iu va sva-siias-clcdam lo 'pi pasyci. liniu
blagavan-mayaivanyaiia siddlam iad-iupam aiilam iasminn aiopayaiïii. maya-
maiiam iu laiisnycnanablivyalia-svaiupaivai iii nyaycna.
na-noi; li-indccd; iasya-ol lim; siial-ilc lcad; clinnam-cui oll; na-noi; iu-
indccd; va-oi; sva-siias-clcdam-cuiiing oll ol lis own lcad; lo 'pi-somconc;
pasyci-may scc; liniu-lowcvci; blagavan-maya-ilc Loid's maya poiicncy; cva-
indccd; anyaiia-in anoilci placc; siddlam-csiablislcd; iad-iupam-ilc loim ol ilai;
aiilam-ilc puiposc; iasmin-in ilai; aiopayaii-aiiilically imposcs; iii-ilus; maya-
maiiam-only maya; iu-bui; laiisnycna-complcicly; anablivyalia-noi manilcsicd;
svaiupaivai-bccausc ol ilc oiiginal loim; iii-ilus; nyaycna-by ilc Vcdania-suiia.
In iiuil ilc lcad is noi ically cui oll. Indccd, ii is noi possiblc loi anyonc io sii
in onc placc and scc lis own lcad bcing cui oll in anoilci placc. Tlc sigli ol ilis
is only an illusion cicaicd by ilc Loid's maya poicncy. Tlis is dcsciibcd in ilc
lollowing woids ol Vcdania-suiia (3.2.3):
"Ii is lilc a dicam cicaicd by ilc maya poicncy."
Anuccheda 92
Tcxi 1
aia cva suddlasyapi saio jïvasyaupadlilcnaiva iupcnopadli-dlaimapaiiii iii
disianianiaicnopapadayaii
aia cva-ilcicloic; suddlasya-puic; api-also; saial-cicinal; jïvasya-ol ilc
individual spiiii soul; aupadlilcna-by icn maiciial dcsignaiion; cva-indccd;
iupcna-by ilc loim; upadli-ol ilc maiciial dcsignaiiion; dlaima-qualiiics;
apaiiil-aiiainmcni; iii-ilus; disiania-cxamplc; aniaicna-wiil anoilci;
upapadayaii-cxplains.
In ilis way ilc puic spiiii soul misidcniilics wiil ilc maiciial body. Tlis is
slown by anoilci cxamplc givcn in Siïmad-llagavaiam (3.7.11):
Tcxi 2
yaila jalc candiamasal
lampadis iai-liio gunal
disyaic 'sann api diasiui
aimano 'naimano gunal
yaila-as; jalc-in ilc waici; candiamasal-o lilc moon; lampadil-quivciing,
wic.; iai-liial-donc by ilc waici; gunal-qualiiy; disyaic-is so sccn; asann api-
wiiloui cxisicncc; diasiul-ol ilc scci; aimanal-ol ilc scll; anaimanal-ol oilci
ilan ilc scll; gunal-qualiiy.
"As ilc moon icllccicd on waici appcais io ilc scci io iicmblc duc io bcing
associaicd wiil ilc qualiiy ol ilc waici, so ilc scll associaicd wiil maiici appcais
io bc qualilicd as maiici."¯
Tcxi 3
yaila jalc piaiibimbiiasyaiva candiamaso jalopadli-liial lampadi-guno
dlaimo disyaic. na iv alasa-siliiasya iadvad anaimanal pialiii-iupopadlci
dlaima aimanal suddlasyasann api alam cva so 'yam iiy avcsan mayayopadli-
iad-aimyapannalanlaiablasasya piaiibimba-silanïyasya iasya diasiui
adlyaimilavasilasyaiva yadyapi syai iailapi suddlo 'sau iad-ablcdablimancna
iam pasyaiïiy aiilal.
yaila-as; jalc-in ilc waici; piaiibimbiiasya-ol a icllcciion; cva-indccd;
candiamasal-ol ilc moon; jalopadli-liial-on ilc waici; lampa-quivciing; adi-
bcginning wiil; gunal-qualiiy; dlaimal-naiuic; disyaic-is sccn; na-noi; iv-bui;
alasa-siliiasya-siiuaicd in ilc sly; iadvai-in ilai way; anaimanal-noi ol ilc scll;
pialiii-iupopadlcl-ol a maiciial loim; dlaima-naiuic; aimanal-ol ilc scll;
suddlasya-puic; asann-bcing so; api-also; alam-I; cva-indccd; sal-lc; ayam-ilis;
iii-ilus; avcsan-cniciing; mayayopadli-ol maiciial dcsignaiions; iad-aimya-idciiiy;
apanna-aiiaincd; alanlaia-lalsc cgo; ablasasya-ol ilc icllcciion; piaiibimba-
silanïyasya-siiuaicd in a icllcciion; iasya-ol ilai; diasiul-ol ilc scci; adlyaimila-
ol ilc scll; avasilasya-siiuaiion; cva-indccd; yadyapi-alilougl; syai-may bc;
iailapi-siill; suddlal-puic; asau-ilis; iad-ablcda-noi dillcicni liom ilai;
ablimancna-wiil ilc conccpiion; iam-ilai; pasyaii-sccs; iii-ilus; aiilal-ilc
mcaning.
Tlis vcisc cxplains: "As ilc moon icllccicd on waici appcais io ilc scci io
iicmblc duc io bcing associaicd wiil ilc qualiiy ol ilc waici, so ilc scll associaicd
wiil maiici appcais io bc qualilicd as maiici."¯ Tlc soul ilcn ilinls: "I am ilis
maiciial body". Alilougl wlai lc is sccs is only a lalsc-cgo icllcciion, ilc puic
soul ilinls lc sccs lis aciual scll.
Tcxi +
iad uliam cladasc siï-blagavaia
niiyaio gayaial pasyan
yailaivanulaioii ian
cvam buddli-gunan pasyann
anïlo 'py anulaiyaic. iii.
iai-ilai; uliam-said; cladasc-in ilc clcvcnil canio; siï-blagavaia-by ilc
Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; niiyaial-dancing; gayaial-singing; pasyan-
sccing; yaila-as; cva-indccd; anulaioii-imiiaics; ian-ilcm; cvam-ilus; buddli-
gunan-ilc quaoliiics ol ilc iniclligcncc; pasyann-sccing; anïlal-noi aciing; api-
cvcn; anulaiyaic-is imiiaicd; iii-ilus.
Tlc condiiioncd soul's misidcniilicaiion wiil ilc maiciial body is also
dcsciibcd in ilcsc woids (Siïmad-llagavaiam 11.12.53) spolcn by ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad Himscll:
"As onc may imiiaic singcis and danccis, so ilc inaciivc spiiii soul imiiaics ilc
aciiviiics ol ilc maiciial iniclligcncc."
Tcxi 5
iailaivoliam suddlo vicasic ly avisuddla-laiiul iii.
iaila-so; cva-indccd; uliam-said; suddlo vicasic ly avisuddla-laiiul iii-
Siïmad-llagavaiam 5.11.12.
A libciaicd soul docs noi misialcnly idcniily wiil ilc maiciial body. Tlis is
dcsciibcd in ilc lollowing woids (Siïmad-llagavaiam 5.11.12):
"A pcison wlo is libciaicd in ilis lilc (jïvan-mulia) can scc all ilcsc ilings
vividly."¯
Tcxi 6
vi-sabdasya caiia iad-avcsa cva iaipaiyam. iasmad blagavaio 'ciniya-
svaiupaniaianga-mala-piabala-saliiivad baliiangaya piabalayapy aciniyayapi
mayayapi na spisiil. jïvasya iu iaya spisiii iii siddlaniiiam. siï-sulal.
vi-vi; sabdasya-ol ilc woid; ca-and; aiia-lcic; iad-avcsa-cniciing ilai; cva-
indccd; iaipaiyam-ilc mcaning; iasmai-liom ilai; blagavaial-ol ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; aciniya-svaiupaniaianga-mala-piabala-saliiivai-bccausc
ol ilc powci ol ilc inicinal poicncy ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad;
baliiangaya-ol ilc cxicinal poicncy; piabalaya-by ilc powci; api-also; aciniyaya-
inconccivablc; api-also; mayaya-maya; api-also; na-noi; spisiil-ioucling; jïvasya-ol
ilc spiiii soul; iu-bui; iaya-by ilai; spisiil-ioucling; iii-ilus; siddlaniiiam-
concludcd; siï-sulal-Siï Suladcva Gosvamï.
Hcic ilc piclix "vi" mcans "cniciing ilai". Tlis mcans ilai bccausc lc is pioiccicd
by ilc Loid's inconccivablc inicinal poicncy, ilc libciaicd soul is noi iouclcd by
ilc inconccivablc cxicinal poicncy maya. Tlai is ilc conclusion. Tlc vcisc quoicd
in ilc bcginning ol ilis anucclcda was spolcn by Siïla Suladcva Gosvamï.
Anuccheda 93
Tcxi 1
cvam sisiadi-lïla-iiayc samanyaio yojiic 'pi punai viscsaial samsayya
siddlanial liiyaic silunanillanana-nyaycna.
cvam-ilus; sisia-maiciial cicaiion; adi-bcginning wiil; lïla-pasiimcs; iiayc-in
ilicc; samanyaial-in gcncial; yojiic-cbgagcd; api-cvcn; punal-again; viscsaial-
spccilically; samsayya-doubiing; siddlanial-ilc conclusion; liiyaic-is donc;
silunanillanana-nyaycna.-by ilc cxamplc ol icpcaicdly pusling ilc posi inio ilc
giound.
In ilis way ii las bccn cxplaincd in a gcncial way ilai ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy
ol Godlcad cngagcs in pasiimcs ol cicaiing, mainiaining, and dcsiioying ilc
maiciial univciscs. lccausc somc icadcis may siill doubi ilai ilis is ilc iiuil, wc
will, as lcncc-malci will again and again pusl lis lcncc-pois inio ilc giound io
malc ilcm sccuic, picscni moic aigumcnis io piovc ilis iiuil bcyond any doubis.
Tcxi 2
nanu palana-lïlayam yc yc 'vaiaias iaila iaiiaiva sva-piasada-vyanjala-
smiiablaya-mudiadi-ccsiaya suia-palsa-paio yuddladi-ccsiaya daiiya-samlaia iiy
adila ya ya va lïlal siuyanic. ic ca ias ca svayam paiamcsvaicna liiyanic na va.
nanu-is ii noi so'; palana-lïlayam-in ilc pasiimc ol mainiaining; yc yc-
wlaicvci; avaiaial-incainaiions; iaila-so; iaiia-ilcic; cva-indccd; sva-own;
piasada-mcicy; vyanjala-manilcsiing; smiia-smilc; ablaya-lcailcss; mudia-
gcsiuics; adi-bcginning wiil; ccsiaya-by ilc aciion; suia-palsa-paial-ialing sidcs
wiil ilc dcmigods; yuddladi-ccsiaya-wiil ligliing and oilci lilc aciiviiics; daiiya-
samlaia-diminisling ilc dcmons; iii-ilus; adila-bcginning wiil; ya ya-wlaicvci;
va-oi; lïlal-pasiimcs; siuyanic-aic lcaid; ic-ilcy; ca-and; ial-io ilcm; ca-and;
svayam-all; paiamcsvaicna-by ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; liiyanic-aic
donc; na-noi; va-oi.
Hcic somconc may asl: "In His pasiimc ol pioicciing ilc maiciial woild, ilc
Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad, in ilc loims ol His many incainaiions, cnicis ilc
maiciial woild again and again. Ai ilcsc iimcs ilc Loid ialcs ilc sidc ol ilc
dcvoiccs and, by ligliing gicai baiilcs and pciloiming oilci lilc aciiviiics,
diminislcs ilc powci ol ilc dcmons. Ai ilcsc iimcs ilc Loid slows His mcicy io
ilc dcvoiccs by smiling ai ilcm, gcsiuiing ilai ilcy noi bc aliaid, and in many
oilci ways also. Aic all ilcsc aciiviiics ically pciloimcd by ilc Supicmc Loid
Himscll, oi docs Hc noi ically pciloim ilcm pcisonally'
Tcxi 3
adyc puiva-palsas iad avasila cva. piaiy uia palsa-paiadina vaisamyam ca. anic
icsam avaiaianam iasam lïlanam ca na svaiupa-bluiaia sidlyaiïii sampiaiipaiii-
blangal.
adyc-in ilc liisi; puiva-palsal-ilc liisi aigumcni; iai-ilai; avasila-siiuaiion;
cva.-indccd; piaiy uia-on ilc oilci sidc; palsa-paia-ilc aigumcni; adina-bcginning
wiil; vaisamyam-dilliculiy; ca.-and; anic-ai ilc cnd; icsam-ol Tlcm; avaiaianam-ol
ilc incainaiions; iasam-ol ilcm; lïlanam-ilc pasiimcs; ca-and; na-noi; svaiupa-
bluiaia-manilcsiaiions ol ilc Loid's aciual loim; sidlyaii-is piovcd; iii--ilus;
sampiaiipaiii-ol ilc piool; blangal-ilc bicaling.
"Tlc liisi ol ilcsc vicws, ilai ilcsc aciiviiics aic indccd pciloimcd by ilc
Supicmc Loid Himscll, is ilc aciual iiuil. Howcvci, on ilc oilci land, ii is noi
logical io assumc ilai ilc Supicmc Loid would ally Himscll wiil onc gioup ol
condiiioncd souls againsi anoilci gioup ol condiiioncd souls. Tlc sccond vicw
assciis ilai ilcsc incainaiions and pasiimcs aic noi ilc loims and aciiviiics ol ilc
Supicmc Loid Himscll. In ilis way ilis sccond vicw is dillcicni liom ilc liisi
vicw."
Tcxi +
aiiocyaic saiyam. visva-palanaiilam paiamcsvaio na lincii laioii. liniu svcna
salaivavaiïinan vailunila-paisadan iailadlilaiila-dcvady-aniai-gaian iaila
iaiasilan anyams ca blalian anandayiium svaiupa-saliyavislaicnaiva nanavaiaian
lïlas casau pialasayaii.
aiia-lcic; ucyaic-is said; saiyam.-iiuil; visva-palanaiilam-loi ilc puiposc ol
pioicciing ilc woilds; paiamcsvaial-ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; na-noi;
lincii-anyiling; laioii.-docs; liniu-lowcvci; svcna-by His own; sala-wiil;
avaiïinan-dcsccndcd; vailunila-liom ilc spiiiiual woild; paisadan-pcisonal
associaics; iaila-so; adlilaiila-dcvadi-bcginning wiil ilc iuling dcmigods; anial-
wiilin; gaian-gonc; iaila-so; iaiasilan-maiginal; anyan-oilcis; ca-and; blalian-
dcvoiccs; anandayiium-io plcasc; svaiupa-saliya-wiil His pcisonal poicncy;
avislaicna-wiil ilc manilcsiaiion; cva-indccd; nana-vaiious; avaiaian-
incainaiions; lïlal-pasiicms; ca-and; asau-Hc; pialasayaii-manilcsis.
To ilcsc woids ilc lollowing icply may bc givcn: Ycs. Tlai is ilc iiuil. Tlc
Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad docs noi dcsccnd io ilc ilis woild loi ilc
puiposc ol gianiing pioicciion io ilc woild. Railci, Hc manilcsis ilc loims ol His
many incainaiions and His many pasiimcs io plcasc His associaics liom ilc
spiiiiual woild, ilc dcmigods ilai iulc ovci ilc plancis, and His many oilci
dcvoiccs.
Tcxi 5
iad uliam padmc
muluiicnapi samlaiium
salio yadyapi danavan
mad-blalianam vinodaiilam
laiomi vividlal liiyal
iai-ilai; uliam-said; padmc-in ilc Padma Puiana; muluiicna-loi a momcni;
api-cvcn; samlaiium-io dcsiioy; salial-ablc; yadyapi-alilougl; danavan-ilc
dcmons; mad-blalianam-ol My dcvoiccs; vinodaiilam-loi ilc lappincss; laiomi-
I do; vividlal-many; liiyal-aciiviiics.
Tlis is also conliimcd by ilc lollowing woids ol ilc Padma Puiana, wlcic ilc
Supicmc Loid says:
"Il I wisl, I can lill all ilc dcmons in a singlc momcni. Tlc ical icason I
pciloim many aciiviiics is io givc plcasuic io My dcvoiccs.
Tcxi 6
daisana-dlyana-samspaisaii
maisya-luima-vilangamal
svany apaiyani pusnanii
iailalam api padmaja. iii.
daisana-dlyana-samspaisail-by sccing, mcdiiaiion, and ioucl; maisya-luima-
vilangamal-ilc lisl, iuiilc, and biids; svani-own; apaiyani-clildicn; pusnanii-
mainiain; iaila-so; alam-I; api-also; padmaja.-O lialma; iii.-ilus.
"ly vision, by mcdiiaiion, and by ioucl only do ilc lisl, ilc ioiioisc, and ilc
biids mainiain ilcii ollspiing. Similaily do I also, O Padmaja."¯
Tcxi 7
laii-blalii-sudlodayc
niiyam ca puina-lamasya
janmani vividlani mc
blalia-saivcsia-danaya
iasmai lim ic piiyam vada. iii.
laii-blalii-sudlodayc-in ilc Haii-blalii-sudlodayc; niiyam-always; ca-and;
puina-lamasya-lullillcd dcsiics; janmani-biiil; vividlani-vaiious; mc-ol Mc;
blalia-saivcsia-danaya-io lullill ilc dcsiics ol My dcvoiccs; iasmai-ilcicloic; lim-
wlai'; ic-ol you; piiyam-dcai; vada.-plcasc icll; iii-ilus.
In ilc Haii-blalii-sudlodaya, ilc Supicmc Loid says:
"All My dcsiics aic ai oncc lullillcd. Ii is io lullill My dcvoiccs' dcsiics ilai I
ialc biiil again and again in ilis woild. Tlcicloic, plcasc icll Mc: Wlai is youi
dcsiic'"
Tcxi S
iaila siï-luniï-dcvï-vacanam ca blalii-yoga-vidlanaiilam lailam pasycma li
siiiyal iii.
iaila-so; siï-luniï-dcvï-vacanam-ilc woids ol Siï Kunii; ca-and; blalii-yoga-
vidlanaiilam lailam pasycma li siiiyal iii-Siïmad-llagavaiam 1.S.20.
Tlis is also dcsciibcd in ilc lollowing piayci, wlcic Quccn Kunii iclls ilc
Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad (Siïmad-llagavaiam 1.S.20):
"You Youiscll dcsccnd io piopagaic ilc iiansccndcnial scicncc ol dcvoiional
scivicc unio ilc lcaiis ol ilc advanccd iiansccndcnialisis and mcnial spcculaiois,
wlo aic puiilicd by bcing ablc io disciiminaic bciwccn maiici and spiiii. How,
ilcn, can wc womcn lnow You pcilccily'"¯
Tcxi 9
aiia blalii-yoga-vidlanam iad-aiilam avaiïinam ivam iil iïlanumaiam ca.
aiia-lcic; blalii-yoga-vidlanam-io givc dcvoiional scivicc; iad-aiilam-loi ilai
puiposc; avaiïinam-dcsccndcd; ivam-You; iil-ilus; iïlanumaiam-accoiding io ilc
commcniaiy; ca-also.
In lis commcniaiy on ilcsc woids, Siïla Siïdlaia Svamï conliims ilai ilc
Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad docs indccd dcsccnd io ilc maiciial woild loi ilc
puiposc ol icacling ilc scicncc ol dcvoiional scivicc.
Tcxi 10
siï-bialma-vacanam ca
piapancam nispiapanco 'pi
vidambayasi blu-ialc
piapanna-janaiananda-
sandolam piailiium piablo. iii.
siï-bialma-vacanam-ilc woids ol Siï -lialma; ca-and; piapancam-maiciial;
nispiapancal-spiiiiual; api-also; vidambayasi-You imiiaic; blu-ialc-on ilc caiil;
piapanna-janaia-ol ilc suiicndcicd dcvoiccs; ananda-bliss; sandolam-gicai;
piailiium-io givc; piablo.-O Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad iii..
Tlis is also conliimcd by ilc lollowing woids, wlcic lialma iclls ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad (Siïmad-llagavaiam 10.1+.37):
"I can also undcisiand ilai Youi appcaiancc as a small cowlcid boy, a clild ol
ilc cowlcid mcn, is noi ai all a maiciial aciiviiy. You aic so mucl obligcd by ilcii
allcciion ilai You aic lcic io cnilusc ilcm wiil moic loving scivicc by Youi
iiansccndcnial picscncc. In Vindavana ilcic is no disiinciion bciwccn maiciial
and spiiiiual bccausc cvciyiling is dcdicaicd io Youi loving scivicc. My dcai Loid,
Youi Vindavana pasiimcs aic simply io cnilusc Youi dcvoiccs. Il somconc ialcs
Youi Vindavana pasiimcs io bc maiciial, lc will bc mislcd."¯
Tcxi 11
svaiupa-saliyaivavislaias ca siï-bialmanaiva daisiial. csa piapanna-vaiado
iamayaima-saliya yad yai laiisyaii gilïia-gunavaiaial iiy adina.
svaiupa-saliya-by His inicinal poicncy; cva-indccd; avislaial-manilcsicd; ca-
and; siï-bialmana-by lialma; cva-indccd; daisiial.-icvcalcd; csa piapanna-vaiado
iamayaima-saliya yad yai laiisyaii gilïia-gunavaiaial iiy adina-Siïmad-
llagavaiam 3.9.23.
Tlai ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad incainaics iliougl ilc agcncy ol His
in inicinal poicncy is conliimcd by ilcsc woids spolcn by ilc dcmigod lialma
(Siïmad-llagavaiam 3.9.23):
"Tlc Supicmc Loid, ilc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad, is always ilc bcnclacioi ol ilc
suiicndcicd souls. His aciiviiics aic always cnacicd iliougl His inicinal poicncy,
Rama, oi ilc goddcss ol loiiunc. I piay only io cngagc in His scivicc in ilc
cicaiion ol ilc maiciial woild, and I piay ilai I noi bc maiciially allccicd by my
woils, loi ilus I may bc ablc io givc up ilc lalsc picsiigc ol bcing ilc cicaioi."¯
Tcxi 12
gilïia gunal laiunyadayao yaiia iaila-bluio 'vaiaio yasyciy aiilal. iad cvam
blalianandaiilam cva ian pialaiayaias iasyananusamliiam api suia-palsa-paiadi-
visva-palana-iupam ian-maya-laiyam svaia cva blavaii.
gilïia-acccpicd; gunal-viiiucs; laiunyadayaal-bcginning wiil mcicy; yaiia-
wlcic; iaila-bluial-lilc ilai; avaiaial-incainaiion; yasya-ol wlom; iii-ilus;
aiilal.-ilc mcaning; iai-ilai; cvam-ilus; blalianandaiilam-io givc plcasuic io
ilc dcvoiccs; cva-indccd; ian-ilcm; pialaiayaial-manilcsiing; iasya-ol Him;
ananusamliiam-uniclaicd; api-also; suia-palsa-paia-ialing sidcs wiil ilc
dcmigods; adi-bcginning ciil; visva-palana-iupam-pioicciing ilc maiciial woild;
ian-maya-laiyam-donc by His maya poicncy; svaia-pcisonally; cva-indccd;
blavaii.-is.
Hcic ilc woid "gilïia-gunavaiaial" mcans ilc Loid's incainaiions, wlicl aic
mcicilul and lavc a losi ol oilci viiiucs". In ilis way ii is dcclaicd ilai ilc Loid
dcsccnds io ilc maiciial woild in oidci io givc bliss io His dcvoiccs. Hc docs noi
ically dcsccnd io ilc woild in oidci io ialc sidcs wiil ilc dcmigods and pioicci
ilc woild, loi ilc pioicciion ol ilc woild is casily accomplislcd by ilc Loid's
maya poicncy.
Tcxi 13
lolc yaila lccid blalial paiaspaiam blagavai-picma-sullollasaya miliias iad-
anablijnan api lamscin maidangiladïn sangilya iad-guna-
gananandcnonmaiiavan niiyanio visvcsam cvamangalam glnanii. mangalam api
vaidlayaniïii.
lolc-in ilc maiciial woild; yaila-as; lccii-somc; blalial-dcvoiccs; paiaspaiam-
muiually; blagavai-picma-lovc loi ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; sulla-
lappincss; ullasaya-loi aiousing; miliial-mcciing; iad-anablijnan-noi
undcisianding; api-cvcn; lamscin-somc; maidangiladïn-bcginning wiil midanga
playcis; sangilya-acccpiing; iad-guna-gana-singing aboui His qualiiics;
anandcnonmaiiavan-wild wiil bliss; niiyanial-dancing; visvcsam-ol all; cva-
indccd; amangalam-inauspiciousncss; glnanii.-dcsiioys; mangalam-
auspiciousncss; api-also; vaidlayanii-incicascs; iii-ilus.
In ilis woild somc dcvoiccs ol ilc Loid may mcci in oidci io iasic iogcilci ilc
bliss ol puic lovc loi ilc Supicmc Loid. In ilai asscmbly somc oilci pcisons, wlo
do noi undcisiand ilc iiuil aboui ilc Loid's gloiics, may also paiiicipaic in ilc
claniing, play on ilc midangas and oilci musical insiiumcnis, and cvcn dancc in
ccsiaiic bliss as ilcy sing ilc Loid's loly namcs.
Tcxi 1+
iad uliam vag gadgada iiy adau mad-blalii-yogo bluvanam punaii iii.
iai-ilai; uliam-said; vag gadgada iiy adau mad-blalii-yogo bluvanam punaii
iii-Siïmad-llagavaiam 11.1+.2+.
Tlc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad Himscll cxplains (Siïmad-llagavaiam
11.1+.2+):
"My dcvoicc wlo wccps, laugls, danccs and ciics oui as wiiloui slamc lc
clanis My loly namcs in a voicc clolcd wiil ccsiasy, puiilics ilc cniiic woild."
Tcxi 15
cvam cvoliam
sisiy-adilam laici naiva
piayojanam apclsya iu
luiuic lcvalanandad
yaila maiiasya naiianam. iii.
cvam-ilus; cva-indccd; uliam-said; sisii-cicaiion; adilam-bcginning; laicl-ol
Loid Kisna; na-noi; cva-indccd; piayojanam-nccd; apclsya-in iclaiion io; iu-bui;
luiuic-docs; lcvalanandai-oui ol iiansccndcnial bliss; yaila-as; maiiasya-
maddcncd; naiianam.-dancing; iii.-ilus.
Tlis is also dcsciibcd in ilc lollowing woids ol ilc sciipiuics:
"Ignoiing ilc maiciial woild, a gicai dcvoicc danccs, wild wiil iiansccndcnial
bliss as lc clanis ilc loly namcs ol Loid Haii."
Tcxi 16
na ca valiavyam svcna icsam iaii api svasyanandcna svaias iipiaia-lanil syai.
iailanyan paiiiyajya ca icsam cvanandcna vaisamyaniaiam api syad iii.
na-noi; ca-and; valiavyam-io bc said; svcna-own; icsam-ol ilcm; iail-wiil
ilcm; api-also; svasya-own; anandcna-wiil bliss; svaial-pcisonally; iipiaia-
saiislaciion; lanil-dcsiiuciion; syai.-may bc; iaila-so; anyan-oilcis; paiiiyajya-
abandoning; ca-and; icsam-ol ilcm; cva-indccd; anandcna-wiil bliss; vaisamya-
pioblcm; aniaiam-anoilci; api-also; syai-is; iii-ilus.
Hcic somconc may say ilai ii is noi possiblc loi ilc dcvoiccs io bc ically lappy,
loi ilcy cannoi ignoic ilc sullciings ol ilc non-dcvoiccs. Tlcii iioublcs will siop
ilc dcvoiccs' bliss.
Tcxi 17
iaiiadyc visuddloijiia-saiiva-ianum asiiio 'pi muni-janc svaias iipii-
paialasilam piapio blalia-vaisalya-daisanai iad-anucaia cvasau guno na iu iai
piaiiglaiïii lablyaic.
iaiia-ilcic; adyc-in ilc bcginning; visuddloijiia-saiiva-ianum-a puic spiiiiual
loim; asiiial-ialcn slclici; api-cvcn; muni-janc-sagcs; svaial-pcisonally; iipii-
paialasilam-ilc gicaicsi bliss; piapial-aiiaincd; blalia-vaisalya-daisanai-liom
sccing ilc lovc loi ilc dcvoiccs; iad-anucaia-lollowing ilai; cva-indccd; asau-ilis;
gunal-viiiuc; na-noi; iu-bui; iai-ilai; piaiiglaiï-coniiadiciing; iii-ilus; lablyaic-is
aiiaincd.
Tlcii bodics' madc ol puic goodncss, ilc gicai sagcs cxpciicncc ilc gicaicsi
iiansccndcnial bliss. Sccing ilc lovc ilcii Loid las loi His dcvoiccs, ilc sagcs
lollow in His looisicps. In ilis way ilc sagcs aic vciy mcicilul io ilc non-dcvoiccs.
Tlc sagcs' bliss and mcicy aic noi muiually coniiadicioiy qualiiics.
Tcxi 1S
yaila saivan munïn piaii siï-paiïlsid-valyam nclaila vamuiia ca lascanaiila
iic paianugialam aima-sïlanam iii.
yaila-ass; saivan-all; munïn-ilc sagcs; piaii-io; siï-paiïlsid-valyam-ilc woids
ol Malaiaja Paiilsii; nclaila vamuiia ca lascanaiila iic paianugialam aima-
sïlanam iii-Siïmad-llagavaiam 1.19.23.
Tlc mcicy ol ilc sagcs is sccn in ilc lollowing woids spolcn by Malaiaja
Paiïlsii io all ilc gicai sagcs (Siïmad-llagavaiam 1.19.23):
"You aic naiuially inclincd io do good io oilcis, and loi ilis you lavc no
inicicsi, ciilci in ilis lilc oi in ilc ncxi."¯
Tcxi 19
iaila jada-blaiaia-caiiiadau sindlu-paiaya aima-saiiivam viganayaial
paianublaval paiama-laiunilaiayopadisya iiy adi.
iaila-so; jada-blaiaia-ol Jada llaiaia; caiiia-ilc aciiviiics; adau-in ilc
bcginning; sindlu-paiaya aima-saiiivam viganayaial paianublaval paiama-
laiunilaiayopadisya iiy adi-Siïmad-llagavaiam 5.13.2+.
Tlc mcicy ol ilc sagcs is also dcsciibcd by ilcsc woids in ilc bcginning ol Jada
llaiaia's sioiy (Siïmad-llagavaiam 5.13.2+):
"lcing a Vaisnava, lc was naiuially vciy lindlcaiicd, and lc ilcicloic iold ilc
ling aboui ilc consiiiuiional posiiion ol ilc soul."¯
Tcxi 20
siï-naiada-puiva-janmani caliul lipam yadyapi iulya-daisanal susiusamanc
munayo 'lpa-blasini iii ca.
siï-naiada-puiva-janmani-in ilc picvious biiil ol Siï Naiada; caliul lipam
yadyapi iulya-daisanal susiusamanc munayo 'lpa-blasini iii-Siïmad-llagavaiam
1.5.2+; ca-also.
Tlc sagcs' mcicilulncss is also sccn in ilcsc woids liom Siï Naiada's
dcsciipiion ol lis picvious biiil (Siïmad-llagavaiam 1.5.2+):
"Alilougl ilcy wcic impaiiial by naiuic, ilosc lollowcis ol ilc Vcdania
blcsscd mc wiil ilcii causclcss mcicy."¯
Tcxi 21
iaila siï-lunii-siavc
namo 'lincana-viiiaya
niviiia-guna-viiiayc
aimaiamaya saniaya
laivalya-paiayc namal. iii.
iaila-so; siï-luniï-siavc-in ilc piaycis ol Quccn Kunii; namal-all obcisanccs
unio You; alincana-viiiaya-unio ilc piopciiy ol ilc maiciially impovciislcd;
niviiia-complcicly iiansccndcnial io ilc aciions ol ilc maiciial; modcs; guna-
maiciial modcs; viiiayc-allcciion; aimaiamaya-onc wlo is scll-saiislicd; saniaya-
ilc mosi cngcnilc; laivalya-paiayc-unio ilc masici ol ilc monisis; namal-bowing
down; iii.-ilus.
Tlc gloiics ol ilc Loid and His dcvoiccs aic dcsciibcd in ilis piayci spolcn by
Quccn Kunii io Loid Kisna (Siïmad-llagavaiam 1.S.27):
"My obcisanccs unio You, wlo aic ilc piopciiy ol ilc maiciially impovciislcd.
You lavc noiling io do wiil ilc aciions and icaciions ol ilc maiciial modcs ol
naiuic. You aic scll-saiislicd and ilcicloic You aic ilc mosi gcnilc and aic ilc
masici ol ilc monisis."¯
Tcxi 22
alincana blalia cva viiiam saivasvam yasya iii iïla ca.
alincana-povciiy-siiiclcn; blalia-dcvoicc; cva-indccd; viiiam-wcalil;
saivasvam-iicasuic; yasya-ol wlom; iii-ilus; iïla-ilc commcniaiy; ca-and.
Siïla Siïdlaia Svamï commcnis:
"Hcic ilc woid alincana-viiia' mcans Hc wlo is ilc bc-all-and-cnd-all ol ilc
maiciially impovciislcd dcvoiccs'."
Tcxi 23
iaio 'nyaila caliiajnaia-dosas ca niidosc blagavaiy apaiaii. iaial siddlc
iailavidlasyapi blalia-vaisalyc blalianam dullla-lanya sulla-piapiya va
svanando blavaiïiy ayaiam cva.
iaial-ilcn; anyaila-oilciwisc; ca-and; aliiajnaia-ingiaiiiudc; dosal-dclcci; ca-
and; niidosc-laulilcss; blagavaii-in ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; apaiaii-
cnicicd; iaial-ilcn; siddlc-pcilcci; iailavidlasya-lilc ilai; api-also; blalia-
vaisalyc-allcciionaic io ilc dcvoiccs; blalianam-ol dcvoiccs; dullla-lanya-
dcsiioying ilc sullciings; sulla-piapiya-aiiainmcni ol lappincss; va-oi;
svanandal-own bliss; blavaii-is; iii-ilus; ayaiam-aiaincd; cva-indccd.
In ilis way ii is piovcd ilai ilc Supicmc Loid is noi ungiaiclul io His dcvoiccs.
Hc lovcs His dcvoiccs. Hc icmovcs ilcii sullciings and biings ilcm iiansccndcnial
bliss.
Tcxi 2+
lim ca paiama-saia-bluiaya api svaiupa-salicl saia-bluia lladinï nama ya
viiiis iasya cva saia-bluio viiii-viscso blaliil. sa ca iaiy-apaia-paiyaya llaliii
blagavaii blalicsu ca nïlsipia-nijoblaya-loiil saivada iisilaii.
lim ca-luiilcimoic; paiama-saia-bluiaya-ol ilc bcsi; api-also; svaiupa-salicl-
ol His inicinal poicncy; saia-bluia-ilc bcsi; lladinï-Haldini; nama-namcd; ya-
wlicl; viiiil-aciion; iasya-ol ilai; cva-indccd; saia-bluial-ilc bcsi; viiii-viscsal-
spccilic aciion; blaliil.-dcvoiional scivicc; sa-ilai; ca-and; iaiy-apaia-paiyaya-ilc
bcsi lovc; llaliil-dcvoiional scivicc; blagavaii-loi ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad; blalicsu-in ilc dcvoiccs; ca-and; nïlsipia-placcd; nija-own; ublaya-
boil; loiil-cdgc; saivada-always; iisilaii-siays.
Tlc bcsi ol ilc Supicmc Loid's inicinal poicncics is ilc poicncy callcd lladinï.
Tlc bcsi aciiviiy ol ilis poicncy is dcvoiional scivicc. In ilis way ilc Loid and His
dcvoiccs lovc cacl oilci cicinally.
Tcxi 25
aia cvoliam blagavan blalia-blaliiman iii.
aia cva-ilcicloic; uliam-said; blagavan blalia-blaliiman iii-Siïmad-
llagavaiam 10.S6.59.
Tlis is dcsciibcd in ilc lollowing woids ol Siïmad-llagavaiam (10.S6.59):
"Tlc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad lovcs His dcvoiccs."
Tcxi 26
iasmad blalia-silaya iaya blagavaias iipiau na svaias iipiiia-lanil. piaiy uia
saliiivcna svaiupaio blinnablinnaya api iasyal.
iasmai-ilcicloic; blalia-silaya-siaying wiil ilc dcvoiccs; iaya-wiil ilai;
blagavaial-ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; iipiau-in ilc saiislaciion; na-
noi; svaial-pcisonally; iipiiia-saiislaciion; lanil-dcsiiuciion; piaiy uia-on ilc
coniiaiy; saliiivcna-wiil ilc poicncy; svaiupaial-liom ilc loim; blinnablinnaya-
dillcicni and non-dillcicni; api-also; iasyal-ol ilai.
Dcvoiional scivicc ilus dcliglis ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad. Tlis, ol
couisc, docs noi mcan ilai ilc dcvoiccs aic noi dcliglicd also. As onc ol ilc
Loid's poicncics, dcvoiional scivicc is simuliancously onc and dillcicni liom ilc
Loid.
Tcxi 27
yc yaila mam piapadyanic iams iailaiva blajamy alam iii nyaycna.
yc yaila mam piapadyanic iams iailaiva blajamy alam iii nyaycna-llagavad-
giia +.11.
Tlis is conliimcd by ilc Loid Himscll in ilc lollowing woids (llagavad-gïia
+.11):
"All ol ilcm, as ilcy suiicndci unio Mc, I icwaid accoidingly."¯
Tcxi 2S
blalia-ciiia-spluiiiaya blcda-viiiii cva spluianai. blagavaio mam lladayaiy
asya blaiii iii. ananda-camailaiaiisayas ca blavaii.
blalia-ol ilc dcvoiccs; ciiia-in ilc lcaiis; spluiiiayamanilcsicd; blcda-viiiil-
dillcicni aciion; cva-indccd; spluianai.-liom ilc manilcsiaiion; blagavaial-ol ilc
Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; mam-Mc; lladayaii-dcliglis; asya-ol ilis; blaiil-
manilcsiaiion; iii.-ilus; ananda-ol bliss; camailaia-wondci; aiisayal-gicai; ca--
and; blavaii-is.
Siiuaicd in ilc dcvoicc's lcaii, dcvoiional scivicc manilcsis as many aciiviiics.
Lngagcd in dcvoiional scivicc in ilis way, ilc dcvoicc ilinls, "my scivicc io ilc
Loid biings mc gicai bliss". In ilis way dcvoiional scivicc biings a gicai wondci ol
iiansccndcnial bliss.
Tcxi 29
salii-iadvaioi blcda-maic 'pi visisiasyaiva svaiupaivam sampiaiipannam. iad
ciai saivam ablipiciya blaniiam duivasasam piaii siï-visnuna
salii-iadvaiol-ol ilc poicncy and ilc posscssoi ol ilc poicncy; blcda-maic-in
ilcopinion ol dillcicncc; api-cvcn; visisiasya-spccilic; cva-indccd; svaiupaivam-ilc
own loim; sampiaiipannam-csiabpislcd; iai-ilis; ciai-ilai; saivam-all; ablipiciya-
lnmowing; blaniiam-spolcn; duivasasam-Duivasa Muni; piaii-io; siï-visnuna-by
Loid Siï Visnu.
In ilis way ii is sccn ilai ilc poicncics and ilc Loid, wlo is ilc masici ol all
poicncics, aic dillcicni. All ilis is cxplaincd in ilcsc woids spolcn io Duivasa
Muni by Loid Siï Visnu (Siïmad-llagavaiam 9.+.63-6S):
Tcxi 30
alam blalia-paiadlïno
ly asvaianiia iva dvija
sadlublii giasia-lidayo
blaliaii blalia-jana-piiyal
alam+I; blalia-paiadlïnal-am dcpcndcni on ilc will ol My dcvoiccs; li-
indccd; asvaianiia--am noi indcpcndcni; iva-cxacily lilc ilai; dvija-O bialmana;
sadlublil-by puic dcvoiccs complcicly licc liom all maiciial dcsiics; giasia-
lidayal-My lcaii is coniiollcd; blaliail-bccausc ilcy aic dcvoiccs; blalia-jana-
piiyal-I am dcpcndcni noi only on My dcvoicc bui also on My dcvoicc's dcvoicc
(ilc dcvoicc's dcvoicc is cxiicmcly dcai io Mc)..
"I am complcicly undci ilc coniiol ol My dcvoiccs. Indccd, I am noi ai all
indcpcndcni. lccausc My dcvoiccs aic complcicly dcvoid ol maiciial dcsiics, I sii
only wiilin ilc coics ol ilcii lcaiis. Wlai io spcal ol My dcvoicc, cvcn ilosc wlo
aic dcvoiccs ol My dcvoicc aic vciy dcai io Mc.¯
Tcxi 31
nalam aimanam asasc
mad-blaliail sadlublii vina
siiyam caiyaniilim bialman
ycsam gaiii alam paia
na-noi; alam-I; aimanam-iiansccndcnial bliss; asasc-dcsiic; mad-blaliail-wiil
My dcvoiccs; sadlublil-wiil ilc sainbily pcisons; vina-wiiloui ilcm; siiyam-all
My six opulcnccs; ca-also; aiyaniilim-ilc Supicmc; bialman-O bialmana; ycsam-
ol wlom; gaiil-dcsiinaiion; alam-I am; paia-ilc uliimaic.
"O bcsi ol ilc bialmanas, wiiloui sainily pcisons loi wlom I am ilc only
dcsiinaiion, I do noi dcsiic io cnjoy My iiansccndcnial bliss and My supicmc
opulcnccs.¯
Tcxi 32
yc daiagaia-puiiapian
pianan viiiim imam paiam
liiva mam saianam yaial
lailam iams iyalium uisalc
yc-ilosc dcvoiccs ol Minc wlo; daia-wilc; agaia-lousc; puiia-clildicn, sons;
apian-iclaiivcs, sociciy; pianan-cvcn lilc; viiiim-wcalil; imam-all ilcsc; paiam-
clcvaiion iop lcavcnly plancis oi bccoming onc by mciging inio lialman; liiva-
giving up (all ilcsc ambiiions and paiaplcinalia); mam-unio Mc; saianam-slclici;
yaial-laving ialcn; lailam-low'; iaml-sucl pcisopns; iyalium-io givc ilcm up;
uisalc-I can bc cnilisaiisc in ilai way (ii is noi possiblc).
"Sincc puic dcvoiccs givc up ilcii lomcs, wivcs, clildicn, iclaiivcs, iiclcs, and
cvcn ilcii livcs simply io scivc Mc, wiiloui any dcsiic loi maiciial impiovcmcni
in ilis lilc oi in ilc ncxi, low can I givc up sucl dcvoiccs ai any iimc'¯
Tcxi 33
mayi niibaddla-lidayal
sadlaval sama-daisinal
vasc luivanii mam blaliya
sai-siiiyal sai-paiim yaila
mayi-unio Mc; niibaddla-lidayal-liimly aiiaclcd in ilc coic ol ilc lcaii;
sadlaval-ilc puic dcvoiccs; sama-daisinal-wlo aic cqual io cvciyonc; vasc-undci
coniiol; luivanii-ilcy malc; mam-unio Mc; blaliya-by dcvoiional scivicc; sai-
siiiyal-calsic womcn; sai-paiim-unio ilc gcnilc lusband; yaila-as.
"As clasic womcn biing ilcii gcnilc lusbands undci coniiol by scivicc, ilc
puic dcvoiccs, wlo aic cqual io cvciyonc and complcicly aiiaclcd io Mc in ilc
coic ol ilc lcaii, biing Mc undci ilcii lull coniiol.¯
Tcxi 3+
mai-scvaya piaiïiam ic
salolyadi-caiusiayam
nccclanii scvaya puinal
luio 'nyai lala-vipluiam
mai-scvaya-by bcing cngagcd lully in My iiansccndcnial loving scivicc;
piaiïiam-auilomaiically aclicvcd; ic-sucl puic dcvoiccs aic lully saiislicd;
salolyadi-caiusiayam-ilc loui dilliccni iypcs ol libciaiion (salolya, saiupya,
samipya, and saisii, wlai io spcal ol sayujya); na-noi; icclanii-dcsiic; scvaya-
simply by dcvoiional scivicc; puinal-lully complcic; luial-wlcic is ilc qucsiion';
anyai-oilci ilings; lala-vipluiam-wlicl aic linislcd in ilc couisc ol iimc.
"My dcvoiccs, wlo aic always saiislicd io bc cngagcd in My loving scivicc, aic
noi inicicsicd cvcn in ilc loui piinciplcs ol libciaiion (salolya, saiupya, samïpya,
and saisii), alilougl ilcsc aic auiomaiically aclicvcd by ilcii scivicc. Wlai ilcn
is io bc said ol sucl pciislablc lappincss as clcvaiion io ilc liglci planciaiy
sysicms'¯
Tcxi 35
sadlavo lidayam malyam
sadlunam lidayas iv alam
mad-anyai ic na jananii
nalam icblyo manag api. iii.
sadlaval-ilc puic dcvoiccs; lidayam-in ilc coic ol ilc lcaii; malyam-ol Mc;
sadlunam-ol ilc puic dcvoiccs also; lidayal-in ilc coic ol ilc lcaii; iv-indccd;
alam-I am; mad-anyai-anyiling clsc bui Mc; ic-ilcy; na-noi; jananii-lnow; na-
noi; alam-I; icblyal-ilan ilcm; manag api-cvcn by a liiilc liaciion; iii-ilus.
"Tlc puic dcvoicc is always wiilin ilc coic ol My lcaii, and I am always in ilc
lcaii ol ilc puic dcvoicc. My dcvoiccs do noi lnow anyiling clsc bui Mc, and I
do noi lnow anyonc clsc bui ilcm."¯
Tcxi 36
aiia yc daiagaicii-iiayam aliiajnaia-nivaianc. sadlavo lidayam malyam iii
svaias iipiiia-lani-paiilaic. blalicl svaiupa-salii-saia-lladinï-saiaivc ca alam
blalia-paiadlïnal iii dvayam.
aiia-lcic; yc-wlicl; daiagaicii-iiayam-ilc ilicc bcginning wiil daia and agaia;
aliiajnaia-ungiaiclulncss; nivaianc-icluiing; sadlavo lidayam malyam iii-
Siïmad-llagavaiam 9.+.6S; svaial-pcisonally; iipiiia-lani-paiilaic.-icjcciion ol
ilc loss ol bliss; blalicl-ol dcvoiional scivicc; svaiupa-salii-saia-lladinï-saiaivc-
ilc bcsi ol lladini-salii, ilc bcsi ol poicncics; ca-and; alam blalia-paiadlïnal-
Siïmad-llagavaiam9.+.63; iii-ilus; dvayam-iwo.
Tlai ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad is noi ungiaiclul io His dcvoiccs is
slown lcic in Siïmad-llagavaiam 9.+.65-67 (quoicd lcic in icxis 32-3+). Tlc
idca ilai ilc dcvoiccs io noi iasic iiansccndcnial bliss is icluicd by Siïmad-
llagavaiam 9.+.6S (quoicd lcic icxi 35). Tlai ilc lladinï-salii is ilc bcsi ol ilc
Loid's poicncics is alliimcd by Siïmad-llagavaia 9.+.63-6+ (quoicd lcic in icxis
30-31).
Tcxi 37
iaiiaiva blalicsv api blalii-iupcna iai-piavcsc saii viscsaio mai-scvaya
piaiïiam iiy api jncyam.
iaiia-ilcic; cva-indccd; blalicsv-among ilc dcvoiccs; api-also; blalii-iupcna-
in ilc loim ol dcvoiional scivicc; iai-piavcsc-cniciing; saii-bcing so; viscsaial-
scpcilically; mai-scvaya piaiïiam iii-Siïmad-llagavaiam 9.+.67; api-also; jncyam-io
bc undcisiood.
Tlai ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad is picscni as ilc dcvoiional scivicc in
His dcvoiccs' lcaiis is dcsciibcd in Siïmad-llagavaiam 9.+.67 (quoicd lcic in icxi
3+).
Tcxi 3S
iaio na pialiano dosal. dviiïyc 'py cvam acalsmalc. paianandanc piaviiiii
dvidla jayaic. paiaio nijablïsia-sampaiiyai lvacii iad-ablïsia-maiia-sampaiiyai ca.
iaial-liom ilai; na-noi; pialianal-ilc loimci; dosal-dclcci; dviiïyc-sccond;
api-also; cvam-ilus; acalsmalc.-wc say; paianandanc-iiansccndcnial bliss;
piaviiiil-aciiviiy; dvidla-iwolold; jayaic.-is manilcsicd; paiaial-liom ilc oilci;
nija-own; ablïsia-dcsiicd; sampaiiyai-loi opulcncc; lvacii-somcwlcic; iad-ablïsia-
maiia-sampaiiyai-loi ilc dcsiicd opulcncc; ca-also.
In ilc liisi ol ilcsc siaicmcnis ii is sccn ilai ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad las no laulis. In ilc sccond ol ilcsc siaicmcnis ilc cndcavoi loi
lappincss is sccn in iwo ways: 1. a pcison may cndcavoi only loi lis own
lappincss, and 2. a pcison may cndcavoi io malc oilcis lappy.
Tcxi 39
iaiia piailamo naiiapy upayulial. svaimaiila-maiiaiaya luiiapi palsa-
paiablavai. ailoiiaia-palsc iu paia-sullasya paia-dulllasya canublavcnaiva
paianululycnaiva piaviiiïccla jayaic. na iu yai lincij jnana-maiicna ciiiasya paia-
dulllady-aspaisc lipa-iupa-vilaiasamblavai
iaiia-ilcic; piailamal-ilc liisi; na-noi; aiia-lcic; api-cvcn; upayulial.-
cngagcd; svaimaiila-maiiaiaya-loi onc's own scll; luiiapi-somcwlcic; palsa-
paiablavai.-bccausc ol noi ialing sidcs; aila-lcic; uiiaia-palsc-in ilc oilci sidc;
iu-indccd; paia-sullasya-ol ilc oilci's lappincss; paia-dulllasya-ol ilc oiljci's
sullciings; ca-and; anublavcna-by cxpciicncing; cva-indccd; paianululycna-
bccausc ol bcing vciy lavoiablc; cva--indccd; piaviiiïccla-dcsiic; jayaic.-is boin;
na-noi; iu-bui; yai-wlai; lincii-somciling; jnana-maiicna-simply by lnowlcdgc;
ciiiasya-ol ilc mind; paia-dullladi-bcginning wiil oilci's sullciings; aspaisc-noi
bcing iouclcd; lipa-mcicy; iupa-loim; vilaia-iiansloimaiion; asamblavai-bccausc
ol ilc impossibiliiy.
In ilc liisi ol ilcsc iwo linds ol cndcavois mcicy is noi possiblc, loi in ilai
siiuaiion a pcison ilinls only ol lis own bcnclii and lc docs noi caic aboui ilc
bcnclii ol oilcis. In ilc sccond ol ilcsc linds ol cndcavoi onc lccls lappy in
oilcis lappincss and unlappy in oilcis sullciing. In ilai siiuaiion onc will dcsiic
ilai oilcis may bc lappy. Howcvci, a pcison wlo las ncvci bccn iouclcd by ilc
sullciings ilai oilcis lccl cannoi cxpciicncc ilc cmoiion ol compassion. Tlis is
dcsciibcd in ilc lollowing woids ol Siïmad-llagavaiam (10.10.1+):
Tcxi +0
yaila laniala-viddlango
janioi nccclaii iam vyailam
jïva-samyam gaio lingaii
na iaila viddla-lanialal. iii nyayai.
yaila-as; laniala-viddlangal-a "cison wlosc body las bccn pinpiiclcd;
janiol-ol sucl an animal; na-noi; icclaii-dcsiics; iam-a paiiiculai; vyailam-pain;
jïva-samyam gaial-wlcn lc undcisiands ilai ilcposiiion is ilc samc loi cvciyonc;
lingail-by posscssing a paiiiculai iypc ol body; na-noi; iaila-so; viddla-lanialal.-
a pcison wlo las noibccn pinpiiclcd; iii-ilus; nyayai.-by ilc cxamplc.
"ly sccing ilcii laccs, onc wlosc body las bccn piiclcd by pins can
undcisiand ilc pain ol oilcis wlo aic pinpiiclcd. Rcalizing ilai ilis pain is ilc
samc loi cvciyonc, lc docs noi wani oilcis io sullci in ilis way. lui onc wlo las
ncvci bccn piiclcd by pins cannoi undcisiand ilis pain."¯
Tcxi +1
iaias ca sada paiamanandaila-iupc 'palaia-lalmasc blagavaii pialiiasya
sullablidla-dulllasya piasiddla-dulllasya ca suiyc pccala-calsui-jyoiisa iva
iamasa iva caiyaniablavai iai-iad-anublavo nasiy cva.
iaial-ilcn; ca-and; sada-always; paiamanandaila-iupc-ilc loim ol
iiansccndcnial bliss; apalaia-lalmasc-licc ol impuiiiy; blagavaii-in ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; pialiiasya-maiciial; sulla-lappincss; ablidla-callcd;
dulllasya-ol sullciing; piasiddla-dulllasya-cclcbiaicd sullciing; ca-and; suiyc-
in ilc sun; pccala-ol an owl; calsul-cycs; jyoiisa-ligli; iva-lilc; iamasa-ol
dailncss; iva-lilc; ca-also; aiyania-gicai; ablavai-bccausc ol ilc non-cxisicncc; iai-
iad-anublaval-pcicicving vaiious objccis; na-noi; asii-is; cva.-indccd
Tlc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad is lull ol spiiiiual bliss and licc ol all
maiciial coniaminaiion. Tlcicloic Hc docs noi malc any disiinciion bciwccn
maiciial sullciing and maiciial so-callcd lappincss, wlicl is aciually only a
dillcicni lind ol sullciing. In ilis way ilc Loid is lilc ilc owl's cycs, wlicl do noi
malc any disiinciion bciwccn ilc ligli and ilc dailncss.
Tcxi +2
yai iu blagavaii dullla-sambandlam paiijilïisanio 'pi lccid cvam vadanii.
iasmin dulllanublava-jnanam asiy cva. iac ca paialïyaivcnaiva blasaic. na iu
svïyaivcncii. iad api glaiia-ludyam piablaiam.
yai-wlai; iu-bui; blagavaii-in ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; dullla-
sambandlam-in iclaiion io sullciing; paiijilïisanial-dcsiiing io dclcai; api-cvcn;
lccii-somc; cvam-ilus; vadanii.-say; iasmin-in ilai; dulllanublava-ilc
pcicpciion ol sullciing; jnanam-lnowlcdgc; asii-is; cva.-indccd; iai-ilai; ca-and;
paialïyaivcna-as bclonging io anoilci; cva-indccd; blasaic.-is manilcsicd; na-noi;
iu-bui; svïyaivcna-as bclonging io oncscll; iii-ilus; iai-ilai; api-also; glaiia-
ludyam piablaiam-ilc cxamplc ol ilc ioll-collcciing siaiion.
Somc plilosoplcis asscii ilai ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad las no
conncciion ai all wiil any maiciial sullciings. Tlcy say ilai, bccausc Hc is all-
lnowing Hc is cciiainly awaic ol ilc sullciings ol oilcis, bui siill Hc docs noi
sullci pcisonally. Tlis is lilc ilc cxamplc ol ilc pcison wlo iiavclcd a vciy
ciicuiious iouic in oidci io avoid passing a ioll-siaiion, bui all lis clloiis only
biougli lim io ilc ioll-siaiion anyway.
Tcxi +3
dulllanublavo nama ly aniallaianc dullla-spaisal. sa ca spaisal svasmad
blavaiu paiasmad vcii. dullla-sambandlaviscsai. asaivajna-dosas ca suiya-
disianicnaoiva paiiliial. piaiy uia gunaivcnaiva daisiias ca.
dulllanublaval-ilc pciccpiion ol sullciing; nama-indccd; li-indccd;
aniallaianc-in ilc lcaii; dullla-spaisal.-ilc ioucl ol sullciing; sa-ilai; ca-and;
spaisal-ioucl; svasmai-pcisonal; blavaiu-may bc; paiasmai-liom anoilci; va-oi;
iii-ilus; dullla-sambandla-in iclaiion io sullciing; aviscsai-bccausc ol bcing
wiiloui disiinciion; asaivajna-dosal-ilc lauli ol noi-bcing all-lnowing; ca-and;
suiya-disianicna-by ilc cxamplc ol ilc sun; cva-indccd; paiiliial.-icluicd; piaiy
uia-on ilc coniiaiy; gunaivcna-by ilc qualiiy; cva-indccd; daisiial-icvcalcd; ca-
and.
Tlcy say ilai onc pciccivcs sullciing wlcn sullciing iouclcs ilc lcaii. Tlc
sullciing may bc onc's own pcisonal sullciing oi ilc sullciing ol oilcis. Tlcic is
no ical disiinciion. loil aic sullciing. Any idca ilai ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad is noi all-lnowing is icluicd by ilc cxamplc ilai compaics Him io ilc
cvciywlcic-slining sun. Also, in ilis way ii is sccn ilai ilc Loid docs lavc
iiansccndcnial qualiiics.
Tcxi ++
iasmai iasmin yai lincid dullla-jnanam asiu. dulllanublavas iu nasiy cva.
yaia cva laiium alaiium anyaila laiium samaiilc paiama-laiunamaya-nicaya-
siio-manau iasmin viiajamanc 'py adyapi jïval samsaia-dulllam anublavaniïiy
aiia naiiglinya-paiilaias ca blavaii.
iasmai-liom ilai; iasmin-in Him; yai-wlai; lincii-somciling; dullla-jnanam-
ilc lnolwcdgc ol sullciing; asiu.-may bc; dulllanublaval-ilc pciccpiion ol
sullciing; iu-nui; na-noi; asii-is ; cva.-indccd; yaia-bccausc; cva-indccd; laiium-io
do; alaiium-noi io do; anyaila-oilciwisc; laiium-io do; samaiilc-ablc; paiama-
supicmcly; laiunamaya-mcicilul; nicaya-ol ilc muliiiudcs; siial-ilc cicsi; manau-
jcwcl; iasmin-in Him; viiajamanc-bcing manilcsicd; api-cvcn; adya-now; api-cvcn;
jïval-ilc soul; samsaia-dulllam-ilc sullciings ol ilc maiciial woild;
anublavanii-cxpciicncc; iii-ilus; aiia-lcic; naiiglinya-mcicilncssncss; paiilaial-
icmoval; ca-and; blavaii-is.
Tlis idca, ilai ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad pcisonally sullcis is noi ilc
iiuil. Tlc iiuil is ilai cvcn ilougl Hc is awaic ol all sullciing ilai cvciy occuis,
ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad ncvci lccls sullciing pcisonally. Tlis is
bccausc Hc is all-powcilul. Hc las ilc powci io do anyiling, io undo anyiling, oi
io clangc anyiling inio anyiling clsc. Ii is also bccausc Hc is by His vciy naiuic
ilc cicsi-jcwcl ol all compassionaic pcisons. lc docs noi icquiic io sullci
pcisonally in oidci io lccl compassion loi oilcis. Tlus Hc is noi lilc ilc
condiiioncd souls, wlo icquiic io sullci in ilc maiciial woild bcloic ilcy can lccl
compassion loi oilcis' sullciing.
Tcxi +5
yai iu blalianam sullam iai iasya blalii-iupam cva. iaila icsam dulllam ca
blagavai-piapiy-aniaiaycnaiva blavaii. iaiia cadlila blagavaiy cva ciiiaidiaia
jayaic. sa ca blaliii cvcii.
yai-wlai; iu-bui; blalianam-ol dcvoiccs; sullam-lappincss; iai-ilai; iasya-ol
Him; blalii-iupam-ilc loim ol dcvoiional scivicc; cva.-indccd; iaila-so; icsam-ol
ilcm; dulllam-sullciing; ca-and; blagavai-piapiy-aniaiaycna-by obsiiuciing ilc
aiiainmcni ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; cva-indccd; blavaii.-is; iaiia-
ilcic; ca-also; adlila-moic; blagavaii-in ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad;
cva-indccd; ciiiaidiaia-mcliing ol ilc lcaii; jayaic.-is boin; sa-ilai; ca-and;
blaliil-dcvoiional scivicc; cva-indccd; iii-ilus.
Dcvoiional scivicc biings lappincss io ilc dcvoiccs. Obsiaclcs ilai picvcni
ilcm liom mcciing ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad biing ilc dcvoiccs
sullciing. Wlcn ilc Loid sccs ilcsc obsiaclcs, His lcaii mclis wiil compassion loi
ilc dcvoiccs. Tlai compassion ialcs ilc loim ol dcvoiional scivicc.
Tcxi +6
lvacid gajcndiadïnam api pialiia cva dulllc sa cva mama saianam iiy adina
iailaiva blaliii udbluicvcii. lvacid yamalaijunadisu siï-naiadadi-blalianam
blaliil spluiaivcii ca saivaila dainyaimala-blalia-blaliy-anublava cva iam
laiunayaii. na iu pialiiam dulllam. yogyc laianc saiya-yogyasya
lalpananauciiyai. dulllas-amblavasyaiva laianaivc saiva-samsaioccliiicl.
lvacii-somcwlcic; gajcndiadïnam-bcginning wiil Gajcndia; api-also; pialiia-
maiciial; cva-indccd; dulllc-sullciing; sa-ilai; cva-indccd; mama-ol mc; saianam-
ilc slclici; iii-ilus; adina-bcginning; iaila-so; cva-indccd; blaliil-dcvoiional
scivicc; udbluicvcii.-is manilcsicd; lvacii-somcwlcic; yamalaijunadisu-bcginning
wiil ilc Yamalaijuna iiccs; siï-naiadadi-blalianam-dcvoiccs bcginning wiil Siï
Naiada; blaliil-dcvoiional scivicc; spluia-manilcsicd; cva-indccd; iii-ilus; ca-
and; saivaila-in all icspccis; dainyaimala-lumblc ai lcaii; blalia-dcvoiccs;
blalii-ol dcvoiional scivicc; anublava-pciccpiion; cva-indccd; iam-ilai;
laiunayaii-is mcicilul; na-noi; iu-bui; pialiiam-maiciial; dulllam.-sullciing;
yogyc-appiopiiaic; laianc-in doing; saiya-yogyasya-appiopiiaic loi ilc iiuil;
lalpana-concpciion; anauciiyai-bccausc ol bcing unsuiiablc; dulllas-amblavasya-
ol ilc manilcsiaiion ol sullciing; cva-indccd; laianaivc-as ilc causc; saiva-all;
samsaia-maiciial cxisicncc; uccliiicl-ol ilc dcsiiuciion.
Many dcvoiccs, lilc Gajcndia, iuin io ilc Loid wlcn ilcy aic iioublcd by
maiciial sullciings. In ilis condiiion ilcy piay, "Tlc Supicmc Loid is my only
slclici", and ilus ilcy aiiain dcvoiional scivicc. Oilcis, lilc ilc Yamalaijuna
iiccs, aiiain dcvoiional scivicc by ilc mcicy ol gicai souls, lilc Siï Naiada. Siill
oilcis aiiain dcvoiional scivicc bccausc ilcy aic naiuially lumblc. In ilcsc ways
ilc Loid givcs His mcicy and liccs ilcm liom maiciial sullciings. Hc docs noi
considci wlcilci ilcy aic qualilicd io icccivc His mcicy oi noi qualilicd io icccivc
ii. Hc givcs His mcicy wiiloui icsiiiciion. In ilis way Hc siops ilc sullciings ol
His dcvoiccs. Hc icscucs ilcm liom ilc cyclc ol icpcaicd biiil and dcail.
Tcxi +7
aila iasya paiampaia-laianaivam asiy cvcii ccd asiu. na lapi lanii iii. iasmad
ublayaila blalianandanc iad-blaliy-anublava cva blagavaniam piavaiiayaiïii
siddlam.
aila-now; iasya-ol Him; paiampaia-ol ilc sciics; laianaivam-ilc siaic ol bcing
ilc causc; asii-is; cva-indccd; iii-ilus; cci-ol; asiu.-is; na-noi; lapi-anyiling; lanil-
dcsiiuciion; iii.-ilus; iasmai-ilcicloic; ublayaila-in boil ways; blalianandanc-in
ilc lappincss ol ilc dcvoiccs; iad-blaliy-anublava-ilc pciccpiion ol dcvoiional
scivicc; cva-indccd; blagavaniam-io ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad;
piavaiiayaii-biings; iii-ilus; siddlam-piovcd.
Il maiciial sullciings lad a dillcicni causc, ilcy migli ncvci comc io an cnd. In
ilis way ii is piovcd ilai maiciial sullciings and maiciial lappincss aic mcani io
biing ilc soul io ilc Supicmc Loid and io ilc lappincss ol dcvoiional scivicc.
Tcxi +S
iaia ciad uliam blavaii. yady anyasya sulla-dulllam anubluyapi iai-
paiiiyagcnciaiasya sullam dullla-lanim va sampadayaii. iadaiva vaisamyam
apaiaii.
iaia-ilcicloic; ciai-ilus; uliam-said; blavaii.-is; yadi-il; anyasya-ol anoilci;
sulla-dulllam-lappincss and sullciing; anubluya-cxopciicncing; api-also; iai-
paiiiyagcna-by icjcciing ilail; iiaiasya-ol anoilci; sullam-lappincss; dullla-
lanim-dcsiiuciion lo sullciing; va-oi; sampadayaii-csiablislcs; iada-ilcn; cva-
indccd; vaisamyam-pioblcm; apaiaii-aiiains.
Il ilc pciccpiion ol lappincss and sullciing wcic somciling dillcicni liom ilis
dcsciipiion, ilcn ilc aiiainmcni ol lappincss and ilc cnd ol sullciing would bc
aiiaincd in a way oilci ilan by cngaging in dcvoiional scivicc. Tlis conclusion is
noi ai all logical oi iiuc.
Tcxi +9
siï-blagavaii iu pialiia-sulla-dulllanublavablavan na iad apaiaii. yaila
lalpa-iaiau. iad uliam siïmad-aliuicna
siï-blagavaii-in ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; iu-bui; pialiia-sulla-
dullla-ol maiciial lappincss and sullciing; anublava-cxpciicncc; ablavai-
bcicauac ol ilc non-cxisicncc; na-noi; iai-ilai; apaiaii-aiiains; yaila-as; lalpa-
iaiau.-a lalpa-vilsa iicc; iai-ilai; uliam-said; siïmad-aliuicna-by Siï Aliuia.
Tlus ilc conclusion is ilai ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad ncvci
cxpciicnccs maiciial lappincss oi maiciial sullciing. Hc is lilc a spiiiiual lalpa-
vilsa ilai lullills cvciyonc's dcsiics. Tlis is conliimcd by Siï Aliuia in ilcsc
woids (Siïmad-llagavaiam 10.3S.22):
Tcxi 50
na iasya lascid dayiial suliiiamo
na capiiyo dvcsya upclsya cva va
iailapi blalian blajaic yaila iaila
suia-diumo yadvad upasiiio 'iiladal. iii.
na-noi; iasya-ol Hiom; lascii-anyonc; dayiial-dcai; suliiiamal-bcsi liicnd; na-
noi; ca-and; apiiyal-noi dcai; dvcsya-io bci laicd; upclsya-ncglccicd; cva-indccd;
va-oi; iailapi-siill; blalian-dcvoiccs; blajaic-iccipiocaics; yaila-ass; iaila-so;
suia-diumal-a lalpa-vilsa iicc; yadvai-as; upasiiial-appioaclcd; aiiladal.-
lullilling dcsiics; iii.-ilus.
"No onc is Kisna's dcaicsi liicnd. No onc is His laicd cncmy. No onc is
icjccicd by Him. Siill, Hc iccipiocaics His dcvoiccs' lovc. To ilcm Hc is lilc a
lalpa-vilsa iicc ilai lullills all dcsiics."
Tcxi 51
aiia blaliad anya cva lascid iii jncyam. lal pandiias ivad apaiam saianam
samïyad blalia-piiyadiia-giial sulidal liiajnai iiy ciai iad-valycnaiva iai-
piiyaiva-piolicl.
aiia-lcic; blaliai-liom a dcvoicc; anya-anoilci; cva-indccd; lascii-somconc;
iii-ilus; jncyam-io bc undcisiood; lal pandiias ivad apaiam saianam samïyad
blalia-piiyadiia-giial sulidal liiajnai iiy ciai iad-valycna-by ilc woids ol
Siïmad-llagavaiam 10.+S.26; cva-indccd; iai-piiyaiva-ilc dcaincss ol Him;
piolicl-said.
Hcic ilc woid "lascii" mcans "a pcison wlo is noi a dcvoicc". ilai ilc
Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad dcaily lovcs His dcvoiccs is conliimcd by ilcsc
woids (Siïmad-llagavaiam 10.+S.26):
"My dcai Loid, You aic vciy allcciionaic io Youi dcvoiccs. You aic also a
iiuillul and giaiclul liicnd. Wlcic is ilai lcaincd man wlo would givc You up
and suiicndci io somconc clsc' You lullill all ilc dcsiics ol Youi dcvoiccs, so
mucl so ilai somciimcs You cvcn givc Youiscll io ilcm. Siill, You nciilci incicasc
noi dccicasc by sucl aciiviiy."¯
Tcxi 52
siï-maladcvcnapy uliam
na ly asyasii piiyal lascin
napiiyal sval paio 'pi va
aimaivai saiva-bluianam
saiva-bluia-piiyo laiil
siï-maladcvcna-by Loid Siva; api-also; uliam-said; na-noi; li-indccd; asya-ol
ilc Loid; asii-ilcic is; piiyal-vciy dcai; lascin-anyonc; na-noi; apiiyal-noi dcai;
sval-own; paial-oilci; api-cvcn; va-oi; aimaivai-duc io bcing ilc soul ol ilc soul;
saiva-bluianam-ol all living cniiiics; saiva-bluia-io all living cniiiics; piiyal-vciy,
vciy dcai; laiil-Loid Haii.
Tlai ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad is cqual io all io also conliimcd by
ilcsc woids ol Loid Siva (Siïmad-llagavaiam 6.17.33-3+):
"Hc lolds no onc as vciy dcai and no onc as inimical. lc las no onc loi His
own iclaiivc, and no onc is alicn io Him. Hc is aciually ilc soul ol ilc soul ol all
living cniiiics. Tlus Hc is ilc auspicious liicnd ol all living bcings and is vciy ncai
and dcai io all ol ilcm.¯
Tcxi 53
iasya cayam mala-blagas
ciiialciul piiyo 'nugal
saivaiia sama-dil sanio
ly alam caivacyuia-piiyal. iii.
iasya-ol Him (ilc Loid); ca-and; ayam-ilis; mala-blagal-Tlc mosi loiiunaic;
ciiialciul-King Ciiialciu; piiyal-bclovcd; anugal-mosi obcdicni scivani;
saivaiia-cvciywlcic; sama-dil-sccs cqually; sanial-vciy pcacclul; li-indccd;
alam-I; ca-also; cva-cciiainly; acyuia-piiyal-vciy dcai io Loid Kisna, wlo ncvci
lails; iii-ilus.
"Tlc magnanimous Ciiialciu is a dcai dcvoicc ol ilc Loid. Hc is cqual io all
living cniiiics and is licc liom aiiaclmcni and laiicd. Similaily, I am also vciy
dcai io Loid Naiayana."¯
Tcxi 5+
iailoliam siï-pialladcnapi
ciiiam iavcliia-malo 'miia-yoga-maya-
lïla-visisia-bluvanasya visaiadasya
saivaimanal sama-diso 'visamal sva-blavo
blalia-piiyo yad asi lalpa-iaiu-svablaval. iii.
iaila-so; uliam-said; siï-pialladcna-by Siï Piallada; api-also; ciiiam-vciy
wondcilul; iava ïliiam-all Youi aciiviiics; alal-alas; amiia-unlimiicd; yoga-maya-
ol Youi spiiiiual poicncy; lïla-by ilc pasiimcs;.visisia-bluvanasya-ol Youi
Loidslip, by wlom all ilc univciscs lavc bccn cicaicd; visaiadasya-ol Youi
Loidslip, wlo aic cxpcii in all icspccis; saivaimanal-ol Youi Loidslip, wlo
pcivadc all; sama-disal-and wlo aic cqual iowaid all; avisamal-wiiloui
dillcicniiaiion; sva-blaval-ilai is Youi claiaciciisiic; blalia-piiyal-undci ilc
ciicumsianccs You bccomc lavoiiablc io ilc dcvoiccs; yai-bccausc; asi-You aic;
lalpa-iaiu-svablaval.-laving ilc claiaciciisiic ol a dcsiic iicc; iii-ilus.
Tlai ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad is cqual io all and is lilc a dcsiic iicc
ilai lullills His dcvoiccs' dcsiics is dcsciibcd by Siï Piallada is ilcsc woids
(Siïmad-llagavaiam S.23.S):
"O Loid, Youi pasiimcs aic all wondcilully pciloimcd by Youi inconccivablc
spiiiiual cncigy, and by lci pcivciicd icllcciion, ilc maiciial cncigy, You lavc
cicaicd all ilc univciscs. As ilc Supcisoul ol all living cniiiics, You aic awaic ol
cvciyiling, and ilcicloic You aic cciiainly cqual iowaid cvciyonc. Noncilclcss,
You lavoi Youi dcvoiccs. Tlis is noi paiiialiiy, lowcvci, loi Youi claiaciciisiic is
lilc ilai ol a dcsiic iicc, wlicl yiclds cvciyiling accoiding io onc's dcsiic."¯
Tcxi 55
aiilas ca yai ivam blalia-piiyo 'si. so 'si sama-disas iava svablavo 'visamo
visamo na blavaii. iaiia lciu-gaibla-viscsanam lalpa-iaiu-svablava iii. iasmad
visama-svablavaiaya piaiïio 'pi ivayy avaisamyam iiy aiïva-ciiiam iii.
aiilal-ilc mcaning; ca-also; yai-wlai; ivam-You; blalia-piiyal-dcai oi ilc
dcvoiccs; asi.-aic; sal-Hc; asi-Youi aic; sama-disal-sccing cqually; iava-ol You;
svablaval-naiuic; avisamal-wiiloui dillcicniiaiion; visamal-dillcicniiaiion; na-
noi; blavaii.-is; iaiia-lcic; lciu-gaibla-viscsanam-icl adjcciivc; lalpa-iaiu-
svablava-ilc naiuic ol a dcsiic iicc; iii.-ilus; iasmai-liom ilai; visama-
svablavaiaya-by ilc naiuic ol dillcicniiaiion; piaiïial-undcisiood; api-cvcn; ivayi-
in You; avaisamyam-wiiloui dillcicniiaiion; iii-ilus; aiïva-ciiiam-vciy wondcilul;
iii-ilus.
Tlis vcisc mcans: "O Loid, You lavoi Youi dcvoiccs (blalia-piiyo 'si), bui siill
You aic cciiainly cqual iowaid cvciyonc (sama-disal). Tlis is noi paiiialiiy
(avisamal), lowcvci, loi Youi claiaciciisiic is lilc ilai ol a dcsiic iicc (lalpa-
iaiu-svablaval), wlicl yiclds cvciyiling accoiding io onc's dcsiic."¯
Tcxi 56
ailava paiaiiapi lalpa-vilsadi-lalsanc samanc cvasiayanïyc vasiuni blalia-
palsa-paia-iupa-vaisamya-daisanai iad-vaisamyam api samasyaiva svablava iii
labdlc iad-apaiilaiyam cvcii siddlaniayiiavyam.
ailava-oi; paiaiia-in anoilci placc; api-also; lalpa-vilsadi-lalsanc-wiil ilci
naiuiic ol a dcsiic iicc oi oilci lilc iling; samanc-cqual; cva-indccd; asiayanïyc-io
bc ialcn slclici ol; vasiuni-subsiancc; blalia-palsa-paia-ialing sidcs wiil ilc
dcvoiccs; iupa-in ilc liom; vaisamya-paiiialisiy; daisanai-liom sccing; iad-
vaisamyam-paiiialiiy io ilcm; api-a;lso; samasya-cqual; cva-indccd; svablava-
naiuic; iii-ilus; labdlc-aiiaincd; iad-apaiilaiyam-noi io bc icmovcd; cva-indccd;
iii-ilus; siddlaniayiiavyam-io bc concludcd.
In anoilci inicipiciaiion ol ilis vcisc ii is undcisiood ilai ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad is lilc a dcsiic iicc oi oilci lilc ilings and loi ilis icason
onc slould ialc slclici ol Him. Also, Hc is naiuially paiiial io His dcvoiccs, and
ilis paiiialiiy io ilcm dopcs noi ai all conllici wiil His naiuial impaiiialiiy io
cvciyonc.
Tcxi 57
iaias ca visama-svablava iiy cva vyallycyam iaila puivaiiapi blalian blajaia
iii vaisamya cva yojanïyam iii. vasiuias iu siï-blagavaiy aciniyam aisvaiyam cva
mullyas iad-aviiodlc lciul.
iaial-ilcn; ca-and; visama-svablava-visama-svablava; iii-ilus; cva-indccd;
vyallycyam-io bc cxplaincd; iaila-so; puivaiia-in anoilci placc; api-also;
blalian-ilc dcvoiccs; blajaia-iccipiocaics; iii-ilus; vaisamya-paiiialiiy; cva-
indccd; yojanïyam-appiopiiaic; iii.-ilus; vasiuial-in iiuil; iu-bui; siï-blagavaii-in
ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; aciniyam-inbconccivablc; aisvaiyam-
opulcncc; cva-indccd; mullyal-piimaiy; iad-aviiodlc-noi coniiadiciing ilai;
lciul-ilc icason.
In somc icadings ilc woid "avisama-svablaval" (Hc is naiuially impaiiial) is
icplaccd by "visama-svablaval" (Hc is naiuially paiiial io His dcvoiccs). His
paiiialiiy io ilcm is appiopiiaic bccausc in ilis way Hc iccipiocaics wiil ilcm
(blalian blajaic). lccausc ilc Loid las inconccivablc poicncics His impaiiialiiy
io all and His paiiialiiy io His dcvoiccs do noi coniiadici cacl oilci.
Tcxi 5S
yad uliam namo namas ic 'siv isablaya saivaiam iiy adau dviiïyasya caiuiilc.
yai-wlai; uliam-said; namo namas ic 'siv isablaya saivaiam iiy adau dviiïyasya
caiuiilc-in Siïmad-llagavaiam 2.+.1+.
Tlai ilc Loid is paiiial io ilc dcvoiccs is also conliimcd by ilcsc woids ol
Siïmad-llagavaiam (2.+.1+):
"Lci mc ollci my icspccilul obcisanccs unio Hc wlo is ilc associaic ol ilc
mcmbcis ol ilc Yadu dynasiy and wlo is always a pioblcm loi ilc nondcvoiccs.
Hc is ilc supicmc cnjoyci ol boil ilc maiciial and spiiiiual woilds, yci Hc cnjoys
His own abodc in ilc spiiiiual sly. Tlcic is no onc cqual io Him bccausc His
iiansccndcnial opulcncc is immcasuiablc."¯
Tcxi 59
iïlayam iad cvam vaisamya-piaiïiav apy adosaivayaciniyam aisvaiyam ala iii.
iïlayam-in ilc commcniaiy; iai-ilai; cvam-ilus; vaisamya-piaiïiav-in ilc
lnowlcdgc ol paiiialiiy; api-also; adosaivaya-bcing licc ol lauli; aciniyam-
inconccivablc; aisvaiyam-opulcncc; ala-said; iii-ilus.
Siïla Siïdlaia Svamï commcnis:
"Hcic ilcic is no lauli in ilc Loid's paiiialiiy io ilc dcvoiccs, loi ilc Loid las
inconccivablc powcis and opulcnccs."
Tcxi 60
iad uliam siï-blïsmcna
saivaimanal sama-diso
ly advayasyanalanliicl
iai-liiam maii-vaisamyam
niiavadyasya na lvacii
iai-ilai; uliam-said; siï-blïsmcna-by Siï llimsa; saivaimanal-ol onc wlo is
picscni in cvciyonc's lcaii; sama-disal-ol onc wlo is cqually lind io onc and all;
li-cciiainly; advayasya-ol ilc Absoluic; analanliicl-licc liom all maiciial idcniiiy
ol lalsc cgo; iai-liiam-cvciyiling donc by Him; maii-consciousncss; vaisamyam-
dillcicniiaiion; niiavadyasya-liccd liom all aiiaclmcni; na-ncvci; lvacii-ai any
siagc.
Tlai alilougl Hc is cqual io all, ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad is siill
paiiial io His dcvoiccs is conliimcd by Siï llïsma in ilcsc woids ol Siïmad-
llagavaiam (1.9.21-22):
"lcing ilc absoluic Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad, Hc is picscni in cvciyonc's lcaii.
Hc is cqually lind io cvciyonc, and Hc is licc liom ilc lalsc cgo ol dillcicniiaiion.
Tlcicloic wlaicvci Hc docs is licc liom maiciial incbiiciy. Hc is cquibalanccd.¯
Tcxi 61
iailapy clania-blalicsu
pasya blupanulampiiam
yan mc 'sums iyajaial salsai
lisno daisanam agaial. iii.
iailapi-siill; clania-unllincling; blalicsu-unio ilc dcvoiccs; pasya-scc lcic;
blupa-O ling; anulampiiam-low sympailciic; yan-loi wlicl; mc-my; asuml-lilc;
iyajaial-cnding; salsai-diiccily; lisnal-ilc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; daisanam-in
my vicw; agaial.-las lindly comc; iii.-ilus.
"Yci, dcspiic His bcing cqually lind io cvciyonc, Hc las giaciously comc bcloic
mc wlilc I am cnding my lilc, loi I am lis His unllincling sciviioi."¯
Tcxi 62
iaila svayam siï-blagavaia
samo 'lam saiva-bluicsu
na mc dvcsyo 'sii na piiyal
yc blajanii iu mam blaliya
mayi ic icsu capy alam. iii.
iaila-so; svayam-pcisonally; siï-blagavaia-by ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad; samal-cqually disposcd; alam-I; saiva-bluicsu-io all living cniiiics; na-
no onc; mc-Minc; dvcsyal-laiclul; asii-is; na-noi; piiyal-dcai; yc-ilosc; blajanii-
icndci iiansccndcnial scivicc; iu-yci; mam-unio Mc; blaliya-in dcvoiion; mayi-
unio Mc; ic-sucl pcisons; icsu-in ilcm; ca-also; api-cciiainly; alam.-I; iii.-ilus.
Tlis paiiialiiy io ilc dcvoiccs is conliimcd by ilc Loid Himscll in ilcsc woids
(llagavad-gïia 9.29):
"I cnvy no onc, noi am I paiiial io anyonc. I am cqual io all. lui wlocvci
icndcis scivicc unio Mc in dcvoiion is a liicnd, is in Mc, and I am also a liicnd io
lim."¯
Tcxi 63
iad cvam iai-iad-adosc blalia-palsa-paiasya svaiupa-salii-saia-bluiaivc
blalia-vinodaiilam cva svaiupa-saliyaiva svayam cva ca iai-iad-avaiaia-lïlal
laioii blagavan. iaio visva-palanam iu svayam cva sidlyaiïii siliic. na vaiduia-
piasnas iad-avasilal.
iai-ilai; cvam-ilus; iai-iad-adosc-in ilcsc laulis; blalia-palsa-paiasya-ialing
ilc dcvoiccs' sidc; svaiupa-salii-pcisonal poicncy; saia-bluiaivc-in bcing ilc bcsi;
blalia-vinodaiilam-loi ilc salc ol plcasing ilc dcvoiccs; cva-indccd; svaiupa-
saliya-wiil His pcisonal pocincy; cva-indccd; svayam-pcisonally; cva-indccd; ca-
also; iai-iad-avaiaia-lïlal-His vaiious incainaiions and pasiimcs; laioii-docs;
blagavan.-ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; iaial-ilcicloic; visva-palanam-
pioicciing ilc maiciial univcisc; iu-indccd; svayam-pcisonally; cva-indccd;
sidlyaii-piovcs; iii-ilus; siliic.-siiuaicd; na-noi; vaiduia-piasnal-ilc qucsiion ol
Viduia; iad-avasilal-ilai siiuaiion.
Tlus ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad is noi ai lauli loi bcing paiiial io His
dcvoiccs. Aciually Hc manilcsis His vaiious incainaiions and pasiimcs by His
iiansccndcnial poicncy loi ilc puiposc ol plcasing His dcvoiccs. Hc docs noi
dcsccnd io ilis woild in oidci io pioicci ilc maiciial woild. Tlai was alicady
csiablislcd by Viduia's qucsiion (Siïmad-llagavaiam 3.7.2-7) picviously quoicd
in ilis bool.
Tcxi 6+
aiia dcvadïnam pialiiaiaya iail sala lïlayam svaias iipiaia-lanis icsu iad-
amsavcsadi-svïlaicnagic paiilaiiavya. iaila blalia-vinodaila-piayojanala-svaiia-
lïla-laivalycna canyaiia iaga-dvcsablavan na vaisamyam api. piaiy uia piiia-dusiia-
jilvanam llanda vaiiasya iva iasman nigialc 'py anubluyamanc icsam dusiaiadi-
lsapana-lalsanam liiam cva blavaii.
aiia-lcic; dcvadïnam-bcginning wiil ilc dcmigods; pialiiaiaya-maiciial; iail-
ilcm; sala-wiil; lïlayam-in pasiimcs; svaial-pcisonally; iipiaia-saiiaiion; lanil-
dcsiiuciion; icsu-in ilcm; iad-amsa-His paii; avcsa-cniiancc; adi-bcginning;
svïlaicna-by acccpiing; agic-in ilc picscncc; paiilaiiavya-io bc icluicd; iaila-so;
blalia-vinodaila-piayojanala-only loi ilc puiposc ol plcasing His dcvoiccs;
svaiia-indcpcndcni; lïla-pasiimcs; laivalycna-cxclusivcly; ca-also; anyaiia-in
anoilci placc; iaga-dvcsablavai-bccausc ol ilc abscncc ol aiiiaciion oi laiicd; na-
noi; vaisamyam-paiiialiiy; api.-also; piaiy uia-on ilc coniiaiy; piiia-dusiia-
jilvanam-ol iongucws allliciwcd wiil jaundicc; llanda-liom sugai candy;
vaiiasya-ilc abscncc ol iasic; iva-lilc; iasman-liom ilai; nigialc-in icjcciion; api-
cvcn; anubluyamanc-cxpciicncing; icsam-ol ilcm; dusiaia-wiclcdncss; adi-
bcginning wiil; lsapana-dclcaiing; lalsanam-naiuic; liiam-auspicious; cva-
indccd; blavaii-is.
Wlcn Hc incainaics in ilc maiciial woild, ilc Loid associaics wiil ilc maiciial
dcmigods. lccausc associaiing wiil ilcm in His pasiimcs would oidinaiily noi bc
vciy plcasing io Him, Hc pcisonally cnicis ilcm and lills ilcm wiil dcvoiion. In
ilis way ilcy bccomc acccpiablc companions loi Him and Hc acccpis ilcm. Wlcn
ilc Loid acccpis ilc loims ol His dillcicni incainaiions by ilc agcncy ol His
inicinal poicncy, Hc docs noi losc oi clangc His pcisonaliiy. Hc is ilc samc
pcison in cacl incainaiion. Tlc Loid incainaics only io plcasc His dcvoiccs. Asidc
liom His lovc loi His dcvoiccs, Hc is impaiiial and cqual io all, loi Hc nciilci
laics noi lovcs anyonc. Wlcn a pcison las jaundicc, sugai candy iasics biiici.
Howcvci, caiing sugai candy is ilc cuic loi jaundicc. In ilc samc way ilc Supicmc
Loid givcs His associaiion io ilc dcmons. Tlai associaiion is biiici loi ilcm, bui ii
is also ilc cuic loi ilcii coniinucd cxisicncc in ilc woild ol biiil and dcail. In
ilis way ilc Supicmc Loid acis loi ilc dcmons' wcllaic.
Tcxi 65
aiia
na ly asya janmano lciul
laimano va malï-paic
aima-mayam vincsasya
paiasya diasiui aimanal
aiia-lcic; na-noi; li-indccd; asya-ol Him (ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad); janmanal-ol ilc appcaiancc, oi ialing biiil; lciul-ilcic is any causc;
laimanal-oi loi ilc aciing; va-ciilci; malï-paic-O ling (Malaiaja Paiilsii); aima-
mayam-His supicmc compassion loi ilc lallcn souls; vina-wiiloui; ïsasya-ol ilc
supicmc coniiollci; paiasya-ol ilc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad, wlo is bcyond ilc
maiciial woild; diasiul-ol ilc Supcisoul, wlo wiincsscs cvciyonc's aciiviiics;
aimanal-ol ilc Supcisouyl ol cvciyonc.
Tlai ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad acis so ilai ilc condiiioncd souls
may bccomc libciaicd is conliimcd by ilcsc woids (Siïmad-llagavaiam 9.2+.57-
5S):
"O Malaiaja Paiïlsii, bui loi ilc Loid's pcisonal dcsiic ilcic is no causc loi His
appcaiancc, disappcaiancc, oi aciiviiics. As ilc Supcisoul, Hc lnows cvciyiling.
Conscqucnily, ilcic is no causc ilai allccis Him, noi cvcn ilc icsulis ol liuiiivc
aciiviiics.¯
Tcxi 66
yan-maya-ccsiiiam pumsal
siliiy-uipaiiy-apyayaya li
anugialas ian-niviiici
aima-lablaya ccsyaic
yai-wlaicvci; maya-ccsiiiam-ilc laws ol maiciial naiuic cnacicd by ilc
Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; pumsal-ol ilc living cniiiics; siliii-duiaiion ol
lilc; uipaiii-biiil; apyayaya-annililaiion; li-indccd; anugialal-compassion; ian-
niviiicl-ilc cicaiion and manilcsiaiion ol cosmic cncigy io siop ilc icpciiiion ol
biiil and dcail; aima-lablaya-ilus going lomc, bacl io Godclad; ca-indccd;
isyaic-loi ilis puiposc ilc cicaiion is ilcic.
"Tlc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad acis iliougl His maiciial cncigy in ilc
cicaiion, mainicnancc, and annililaiion ol ilis cosmic manilcsiaiion jusi io dclivci
ilc living cniiiy by His compassion and siop ilc living cniiiy's biiil, dcail, and
duiaiion ol maiciialisiic lilc. Tlus Hc cnablcs ilc living bcing io iciuin lomc,
bacl io Godlcad."¯
Tcxi 67
iii navamania-sila-siï-sula-valyanusaicna pialayc lïnopadlci jïvasya
dlaimady-asamblavad upadli-sisiy-adina. dlaimadi-sampadancnanugiala iii
iadïya-iïlanusaicna ca.
iii-ilus; navamania-sila-siï-sula-valyanusaicna-accoiding io Siï Suladcva
Gosvami's siaicmcni ai ilc cnd ol ilc ninil canio; pialayc-in annililaiion;
lïna-,cigcd; upadlcl-ol ilc maiciial dcsignaiion; jïvasya-ol ilc individual spiiii
soul; dlaimady-asamblavai-bccausc ol ilc non-manilcsiaiion ol ilc maiciial
qualiiics; upadli-sisiy-adina.-bcginning wiil li ccicaiion ol maiciial dcsignaiions;
dlaimadi-sampadancna-wiil ilc manilcsiaiion ol maiciial qualiiics; anugiala-
mcicy; iii-ilus; iadïya-iïlanusaicna-accoiding io ilc commcniaiy; ca-also.
Accoiding io ilcsc woids ol Siïla Suladcva Gosvamï ai ilc cnd ol Siïmad-
llagavaiam's Ninil Canio, ilc pciiodic dissoluiion ol ilc maiciial cosmos,
maiciial loims, and maiciial qualiiics, and ilcii subscqucni ic-manilcsiaiion aic
all ilc mcicy ol ilc Loid. Tlis is also conliimcd in Siïla Siïdlaia Svamï's
commcniaiy.
Tcxi 6S
iaila
lolc blavan jagadinal lalayavaiïinal
sad-ialsanaya llala-nigialanaya canyal
lascii ivadïyam aiiyaii nidcsam ïsa
lim va janal svaliiam icclaii ian na vidmal
iaila-so; lolc-in ilc woild; blavan-Youi Loidslip; jagadinal-ilc masici ol
ilcw woild; lalaya-wiil Youi plcnaiy poiiion; avaiïinal-incainaicd; sad-
ialsanaya-io pioicci ilc dcvoiccs; llala-nigialanaya-io ciusl ilc dcmons; ca-also;
anyal-anoilci; lascii-somconc; ivadïyam-Youi; aiiyaii-iiansgicss; nidcsam-oidci;
ïsa-O Loid; lim-low'; va-oi; janal-pcison; svaliiam-pcisonally donc; icclaii-
dcsiics; ian-ilai; na-noi; vidmal-wc undcisiand.
Tlai ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad comcs io ilc maiciial woild io
pioicci ilc dcvoiccs is conliimcd by ilis piayci in Siïmad-llagavaiam (10.70.27):
"My dcai Loid, You aic ilc piopiicioi ol all ilc woilds and You lavc
incainaicd Youiscll along wiil Youi plcnaiy cxpansion Loid lalaiama. Ii is said
ilai Youi appcaiancc in ilis incainaiion is loi ilc puiposc ol pioicciing ilc
laiillul and dcsiioying ilc miscicanis. Undci ilc ciicumsianccs, low is ii possiblc
ilai miscicanis lilc Jaiasandla can pui us inio sucl dcploiablc condiiions ol lilc
againsi Youi auiloiiiy' Wc aic puzzlcd ai ilc siiuaiion and cannoi undcisiand
low ii is possiblc."¯
Tcxi 69
iii jaiasandla-baddla-iaja-vinda-nivcdanc 'pi ïsvaic ivayi sad-ialsanaiilam
avaiïinc 'pi ccd asmalam dulllam syai iaili lim anyal lascid jaiasandladis
ivad-ajnam api langlayaii. lim ca ivaya ialsyamano 'pi janal sva-laima-dulllam
piapnoiy cvcii na vidmal. na caiiad ublayam api yuliam iii blaval.
iii-ilus; jaiasandla-baddla-iaja-vinda-nivcdanc-in ilc appcal madc by ilc
linds impiisoncd by Kaiasandla; api-also; ïsvaic-in ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad; ivayi-in You; sad-ialsanaiilam-loi ilc puiposc ol icscuing ilc dcvoiccs;
avaiïinc-dcsccndcd; api-also; cci-il; asmalam-ol us; dulllam-sullciing; syai-is;
iaili-ilcn; lim-wly'; anyal-anoilci; lascii-somconc; jaiasandladil-bcginning
wiil Jaiasandla; ivad-ajnam-Youi oidci; api-also; langlayaii.-disobcys; lim-wly';
ca-also; ivaya-by You; ialsyamanal-pioiccicd; api-also; janal-pcioplc; sva-laima-
dulllam-ilc sullciings ol ilcii own laima; piapnoii-aiiains; cva-indccd; iii-ilus;
na-noi; vidmal.-wc lnow; na-noi; ca-and; ciai-ilis; ublayam-boil; api-also;
yuliam-piopci; iii-ilus; blaval.-ilc mcaning
Tlcsc woids aic a icqucsi scni io ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad by ilc
lings impiisoncd by Jaiasandla. Siïla Siïdlaia Svamï givcs ilc lollowing
cxplanaiion:
"Tlc gisi ol ilis vcisc is: O Loid, il You lavc dcsccndcd io ilis woild io
pioicci ilc dcvoiccs, ilcn wly do wc sullci so painlully' Wly do Jaiasandla and
oilcis disobcy Youi oidcis' Lvcn ilougl You givc ilcm pioicciion, wly do ilc
pcoplc coniinuc io sullci ilc icsulis ol ilcii pasi laima' Wc do noi undcisiand
wly ilis is so' Tlcsc ilings aic noi iigli.' Tlai is ilc mcaning ol ilis vcisc."
Tcxi 70
iii iadïya-iïlanusaicna ca lïlayal svaiiaivc 'pi duiglaia-glaianï mayaiva iada
iada dcvasuiadïnam iai-iai-laimodbodla-sandlanam api glaiayaii.
iii-ilusd; iadïya-iïlanusaicna-accoiding io ilc commcniaiy; ca-and; lïlayal-ol
pasiimcs; svaiiaivc-in indcpcndcncc; api-also; duiglaia--glaianï-dilliculi io
undcisiand; maya-maya; cva-indccd; iada iada-ilnc; dcvasuiadïnam-bcginning
wiil ilc dcmiogds and ilc dcomns; iai-iai-laima-laima; udbodla-sandlanam-
scciling; api-also; glaiayaii.-causcs.
In ilis cxplanaiion by Siïla Siïdlaia Svamï ii is sccn ilai ilc Supicmc Loid is
supicmcly indcpcndcni and can cnjoy pasiimcs in any way Hc wislcs, and ii is
also sccn ilai ii is vciy dilliculi io undcisiand low ilc powcilul maya poicncy
awaids io ilc dcmigods, dcmons, and oilci condiiioncd souls ilc icsulis ol ilcii
pasi liuiiivc aciions.
Tcxi 71
yaya sva-sva-laimana piilag cva ccsiamananam jïvanam ccsia-viscsal
paiaspaia-sublasubla-salunaiaya glaiiia blavaniïiy adilam lolc 'pi disyaic.
yaya-by wlicl; sva-sva-laimana-accoiding io ilcii own laima; piilag-spccilic;
cva-indccd; ccsiamananam-aciing; jïvanam-ol individual spiiii souls; ccsia-viscsal-
scpcilic aciion; paiaspaia-muiual; subla-good; asubla-and cvil; salunaiaya-by ilc
omcn; glaiiia-donc; blavanii-aic; iii-ilus; adilam-bcginning; lolc-in ilc woild;
api-also; disyaic-is sccn.
ly ilcii own aciions, ilc individual spiiii souls in ilc maiciial woild biing
upon ilcmsclvcs vaiious linds ol good and bad icsulis. Tlai is clcaily sccn in ilis
woild.
Tcxi 72
yaiia iu lvacid csa ial-lïla-javam anuganium na salnoii. iaiiaiva paiamcsiiul
svaiiaia vyaliï-blavaii.
yaiia-wlcic; iu-indccd; lvacii-somcwlcic; csa-ilc maya poicncy; ial-lïla-javam-
ilc loicc ol His pasiimcs; anuganium-io lollow; na-noi; salnoii.-is ablc; iaiia-
ilcic; cva-indccd; paiamcsiiul-ol ilc supicmc coniiollci; svaiiaia-indcpcndcncc;
vyaliï-blavaii-manilcsis.
Tlc maya poicncy cannoi imiiaic ilc Supicmc Loid's pasiimcs. Tlc Supicmc
Loid is complcicly indcpcndcni and can do wlaicvci Hc lilcs.
Tcxi 73
yaila guiu-puiiam ilanïiam
nija-laima-nibandlanam
anayasva mala-iaja
mac-clasana-puiasliial.
iii yama-visayala-siï-blagavad-adcsadau.
yaila-as; guiu-puiiam-ilc guiu's son; ila-lcic; anïiam-biougli; nija-laima-
nibandlanam-ilc bondagc ol lis own laima; anayasva-biing; mala-iaja-O gicai
ling; mac-clasana-puiasliial.-by My oidci; iii-ilus; yama-visayala-io Yamaiaja;
siï--blagavai-ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; adcsa-ilc oidci; adau-
bcginning.
Tlai Yamaiaja and lis scivanis aic bound io lollow ilc oidcis ol ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad is sccn in ilcsc woids spolcn by Loid Kisna io Yamaiaja
(Siïmad-llagavaiam 10.+5.+5):
"Somc iimc bacl you causcd ilc diowning ol ilc son ol Oui icaclci. I oidci
you io iciuin lim."¯
Tcxi 7+
iaias ca iasyaii-viiala-piacaiaivan na saivaiia liia-lany-aliiablyagama-
piasangas ca.
iaial-ilcn; ca-and; iasya-ol ilai; aii-viiala-piacaiaivai-bccausc ol bcing vciy
iaic; na-noi; saivaiia-cvciywlcic; liia-lani-dcpaiicd; aliiablyagama-piasangal-
noi aiiivcd; ca-and.
lccausc ii is vciy iaic ilai onc will icccivc a diicci oidci liom ilc Supicmc
Loid in ilis way, Yamaiaja is noi ai lauli loi aciing in a way coniiaiy io lis
oidinaiy duiics.
Tcxi 75
aila yadi lccid blalianam cva dvisanii. iada bbalia-palsa-paianial-paiiivad
blagavaia scyam iad-dvcsc 'pi na dosal. piaiy uia blalia-visayala-iad-iaicl
posalaivcna lladinï-viiii-bluianandollasa-viscsa cvasau.
aila-noi; yadi-il; lccii-somc; blalianam-ol dcvoiccs; cva-indccd; dvisanii.-
lanic; iada-ilcn; bbalia-palsa-ilc sidc ol ilc dcvoiccs; paianial-paiiivai-bccausc
ol ialing; blagavaia-by ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; sa iyam-ilis; iad-
dvcsc-in ilai laiicd; api-cvcn; na-noi; dosal.-lauli; piaiy uia-on ilc coniiaiy;
blalia-visayala-iad-iaicl-dcvoiion io His dcvoiccs; posalaivcna-bccausc ol
mainiaining; lladinï-viiii-bluia-manilcsicd liom ilc aciiviiics ol ilc lladini
poicncy; ananda-bliss; ullasa-viscsa-gicai gloiy; cva-indccd; asau-ilis.
Howcvci, il somc pcisons laic ilcm, ilc Loid ai oncc bccomcs ilc paiiisan ol
His dcvoiccs. Tlis is noi a lauli on ilc Loid's paii. Tlc Loid lovcs His dcvoiccs.
Hc pioiccis ilcm, and, wiil His lladinï poicncy, Hc biings ilcm gicai bliss.
Tcxi 76
ycna li dvcscna piaiipada-pionmïlai-sandiananda-vaiciiiï-samaiiiilia-blaliii
asamaiu-silala-bialma-laivalyapadana-iupaivcna iadïya-blalii-iasa-mala-
piaiiyogiiaya iaio 'nyaila dusciliisyaiaya ca iaiiociiam.
ycna-by wlicl; li-indccd; dvcscna-laiicd; piaiipada-pionmïlai-sandiananda-
vaiciiiï-samaiiiilia-blaliil-ilc wondci ol gicai bliss ol loving dcvoiional scivicc
ai cvciy momcni; a-noi; sa-wiil; maiu-silala-ilc dcscii; bialma-laivalya-
impcisonal libciaiion; apadana-iupaivcna-bccausc opl manilcsiing; iadïya-blalii-
iasa-mala-piaiiyogiiaya-as ilc opposiic ol ilc gicai ncciai ol dcvoiional scivicc;
iaial-ilcn; anyaila-oilciwisc; dusciliisyaiaya-by bcing incuiablc; ca-also; iaiia-
ilcic; uciiam-piopci.
Tlc laiicd ol pcisons wlo opposc ilc dcvoiccs only incicascs ilc dcvoiccs'
lovc loi ilc Loid, and ilai lovc biings ilc dcvoiccs a gicai wondci ol inicnsc
iiansccndcnial bliss ai cvciy momcni, a bliss ilai las noiling io do wiil ilc
lopclcss paiclcd dcscii ol impcisonal so-callcd libciaiion.
Tcxi 77
iad-uiila-blagavai-icjasa iai-svaiupa-salici api iiiaslaicna dlvamsablava-
iulyam svaigapavaiga-naialcsv api iulyaiila-daisinal iii nyaycnanycsam aiïva
dulsalam icsam api lamulanam nilamam anablisiam uddanda-guna-viscsam
luivaiy cva blagavaii iasya saiva-liia-paiyavasayi-caiiiia-svablavaivad cva iai-iad-
duivaia-duivasana-mayascsa-samsaia-llcsa-naso 'pi blavaii.
iad-uiila-blagavai-icjasa-by ilc powci ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad;
iai-svaiupa-salicl-ol His pcisonal poicncy; api-also; iiiaslaicna-by cclipsing;
dlvamsablava-iulyam-lilc ilc non-cxisicncc ol dailncss; svaigapavaiga-naialcsv
api iulyaiila-daisinal iii nyaycna-Siïmad-llagavaiam 6.17.2S; anycsam-ol oilcis;
aiïva-gicai; dulsalam-unbcaiablc; icsam-ol ilcm; api-also; lamulanam-lillcd wiil
maiciial dcsiics; nilamam-wiiloui maiciiial dcsiics; anablisiam-wiiloui maiciial
dcsiics; uddanda-guna-viscsam-spccilic qualiiy; luivaii-docs; cva-indccd;
blagavaii-in ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; iasya-ol ilai; saiva-liia-
paiyavasayi-caiiiia-svablavaivai-bccauszc ol aciiviiics ilai bcnclii cvciyonc; cva-
indccd; iai-iad-duivaia-duivasana-mayascsa-samsaia-llcsa-nasal-ilc dcsiiuciion
ol loiiiblc maiciial sullciings; api-also; blavaii-is.
Tlus dcvoiional scivicc, wlicl is manilcsicd liom ilc Supicmc Loid's inicinal
poicncy, cclipscs cvciyiling clsc and malcs ii unimpoiiani by compaiison. Tlis is
dcsciibcd in ilc lollowing woids ol Siïmad-llagavaiam (6.17.2S):
"Dcvoiccs solcly cngagcd in ilc dcvoiional scivicc ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy
ol Godlcad, Naiayana, ncvci lcai any condiiion ol lilc. Ioi ilcm ilc lcavcnly
plancis, libciaiion, and ilc lcllisl plancis aic all ilc samc, loi sucl dcvoiccs aic
inicicsicd only in ilc scivicc ol ilc Loid."¯
lccausc ilcy lavc no maiciial dcsiics and bccausc ilcy aic inicicsicd io woil
loi ilc wcllaic ol all living bcings, ilc dcvoiccs ol ilc Loid bccomc licc liom ilc
many loiiiblc and unbcaiablc sullciings ol coniinucd maiciial cxisicncc.
Tcxi 7S
yal llalv ablcdopasalanam aii-licclia-sadlyal puiusaiilal. lvacic ca
paiamaiila-vasiv-ablijnanam naiala-niiviscsam icsam laminam iu nilamam
ablisiam vii-lïianam ivamcdlyam svaiga-viscsam icblyo dadaii. sa paiamcsvaial.
yal-wlo; llalv-indccd; ablcda-noi dillcicni; upasalanam-ol ilc woislipcis;
aii-licclia-sadlyal-vciy dilliculi io bc obiaincd; puiusaiilal.-ilc goal ol lilc;
lvacii-somciling; ca-and; paiamaiila-vasiv-ablijnanam-undcisianding wlai is
ilic goal ol lilc; naiala-niiviscsam-licc liom lcll; icsam-ol ilcm; laminam-
dcsiiing; iu-indccd; nilamam-sccoiding io dcsiic; ablisiam-dcsiicd; vii-lïianam-ol
woims in siool; iva-lilc; amcdlyam-noi woiily; svaiga-viscsam-spccilic lcvacnly
woild; icblyal-io ilcm; dadaii.-givcs; sa-Hc; paiamcsvaial-ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad.
Tlc impcisonalisis lind ii vciy dilliculi io aiiain ilc iiuc goal ol lilc. Unawaic
ol ilc iiuc goal ol lilc, ilc impcisonalisis aiiain impcisonal libciaiion, wlicl is
jusi lilc lcll. Maiciialisis lillcd wiil maiciial dcsiics aiiain vaiious so-callcd
lcavcnly maiciial woilds wlcic ilcy cnjoy lilc woims in siool. Tlc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad givcs ilcsc dcsiinaiions io ilc impcisonalisis and ilc
maiciialisis.
Tcxi 79
aia cvoliam naga-painïblil iipol suianam api iulya-disici dlaisc damam
plalam cvanusamsan iii.
aia cva-ilcicloic; uliam-said; naga-painïblil-by ilc wivcs ol Kaliya-naga;
iipol suianam api iulya-disici dlaisc damam plalam cvanusamsan iii-Siïmad-
llagavaiam 10.16.33.
Tlai ilc aciiviiics ol ilc Loid aic always loi ilc bcnclii ol cvciyonc is
conliimcd by Naga-painïs in ilcsc woids (Siïmad-llagavaiam 10.16.33):
"O dcai Loid, You aic cqual io cvciyonc. Ioi You ilcic is no disiinciion
bciwccn Youi sons, liicnds, and cncmics. Tlcicloic ilc punislmcni wlicl You
lavc so lindly ollcicd io Kaliya is cxacily bcliiiing. O Loid, You lavc dcsccndcd
cspccially loi ilc puiposc ol annililaiing all linds ol disiuibing clcmcnis wiilin
ilc woild, and bccausc You aic ilc Absoluic Tiuil, ilcic is no dillcicncc bciwccn
Youi mcicy and punislmcni. Wc ilinl, ilcicloic, ilai ilis appaicni punislmcni
io Kaliya is aciually somc bcncdiciion."¯
Tcxi S0
aiia suianam suia-vai palyanam dcvanam iiy aiilal. damam iii yaio damam
apïiy aiilal.
aiia-lcic; suianam-ol sons; suia-vai-lilc a son; palyanam-pioiccicd; dcvanam-
ol ilc dcmigods; iii-ilus; aiilal.-ilc mcaning; damam-subduing; iii-ilus; yaial-
liom wlom; damam-subduing; api-also; iii-ilus; aiilal.-ilc mcaning.
Hcic ilc woid "suianam" mcans "ol ilc dcmigods, wlo aic pioiccicd as il ilcy
wcic sons", and damam" mcans "punislmcni".
Tcxi S1
yai iu puianadav uiiama-blalia-gaiil siuyaic. iad-blalianulaianadi-
malaimycnaivcii iaiia iaiia spasiam cva yaila sa-dvcsad iva puianapi sa-lula iiy
adi.
yai-wlai; iu-bui; puianadav-bcginning wiil Puiana; uiiama-blalia-gaiil-ilc
dcsiiinaiion ol ilc gicaicsi dcvoiccs; siuyaic.-is lcaid; iad-blalianulaiana-
imiiaiing ilc dcvoiccs; adi-bcginning wiil; malaimycna-by ilc gloiics; cva-
indccd; iii-ilus; iaiia iaiia-ilcic; spasiam-clcaily; cva-indcd; yaila-as; sa-dvcsad
iva puianapi sa-lula iiy adi-Siïmad-llagavaiam 10.1+.35.
Lvcn Puiana and oilci dcmons aiiaincd ilc samc dcsiinaiion ilai is aiiaincd by
ilc gicaicsi dcvoiccs. Tlus is is sccn ilai cvcn aiiilicially imiiaiing ilc aciiviiics ol
ilc gicai dcvoiccs is gloiious. Tlis is conliimcd by ilc lollowing woids addicsscd
io ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad (Siïmad-llagavaiam 10.1+.35):
"I ilinl ol low You aic so lind, so magnanimous ilai cvcn Puiana, wlo camc
io clcai You by dicssing lciscll as a vciy allcciionaic moilci, was awaidcd
libciaiion and ilc aciual posi ol a moilci. And oilci dcmons bclonging io ilc
samc lamily, sucl as Aglasuia and lalasuia, wcic also lavoicd wiil libciaiion."¯
Tcxi S2
aila yadi lccid blalia cva sanio blalianiaicsu lailancid apaiadlyanii. iada
icnaivapaiadlcna blalicsu blagavaii ca vivaiiamanam dvcsa-vadavanala-jvala-
lalapam anubluya ciiai lailancii punal sa-dvcscnapi blagavai-samspaisadina sa-
paiilaic iad-apaiadla-dosc vinasic sva-padam cva piapnuvanii. na iu bialma-
laivalyam. blalii-lalsana-bïjasyanasvaia-svablavaivai.
aila-now; yadi-il; lccii-somc; blalia-dcvoiccs; cva-indccd; sanial-sainily;
blalianiaicsu-io oilci dcvoiccs; lailancii-somclow; apaiadlyanii.-commii
ollcnscs; iada-ilcn; icna-by ilai; cva-indccd; apaiadlcna-ollcnsc; blalicsu-io ilc
dcvoiccs; blagavaii-io ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; ca-also;
vivaiiamanam-bccoming clangcd; dvcsa-vadavanala-jvala-lalapam-by llamcs liom
ilc volcano ol laiicd; anubluya-cxpciicncing; ciiai-loi a long iimc; lailancii-
somclow; punal-again; sa-dvcscna-wiil laiicd; api-also; blagavai-ol ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; samspaisa-by ilc ioucl; adina-bcginning; sa-paiilaic-
wiil His asssociaics; iad-apaiadla-dosc-in ilc lauli ol an ollcnsc; vinasic-
dcsiiiycd; sva-padam-own posiiion; cva-indccd; piapnuvanii.-aiiain; na-noi; iu-
bui; bialma-laivalyam.-impcisonal libciaiion; blalii-lalsana-claiaciciizcd by
dcvoiional scivicc; bïjasya-ol ilc sccd; anasvaia-cicinal; svablavaivai-bccausc ol
ilc naiuial posiiion.
Il somc dcvoiccs commii ollcnscs io oilci dcvoiccs, ilc ollcndcis buin loi a
long iimc in ilc volcanic liics ol laiicd io noi only oilci dcvoiccs, bui cvcn io ilc
Supicmc Loid Himscll. Alici somc iimc ilcy icccivc ilc angiy ioucl ol ilc
Supicmc Loid. In ilai way ilcii ollcnscs bccomc dcsiioycd, and ilcy aiiain ilc
lcci ol ilc Loid ai ilc cnd. Sucl dcvoiccs do noi aiiain impcisonal libciaiion, loi
ilcy aic pioiccicd by ilc cicinal naiuic ol ilc dcvoiional scivicc ilcy lavc alicady
pciloimcd.
Tcxi S3
icsu blagavaial liodlas ca balcsu maiui ivcii. iasmai saivam samanjasam.
iaila li siï-iajovaca
icsu-io ilcm; blagavaial-ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; liodlal-
angci; ca-and; balcsu-io clildicn; maiul-ol a moilci; iva-lilc; iii-ilus; iasmai-
liom ilis; saivam-all; samanjasam-iigli and jusi; iaila li-luiilcimoic; siï-
iajovaca-ilc ling said.
In ilis way ilc Loid is lilc a moilci angiy wiil lci clildicn. Tlus ilc Loid's
aciions aic iigli, jusi, and good. Tlis is cxplaincd in ilc lollowing passagc
(Siïmad-llagavaiam 1.7.1-12, wlicl is discusscd lcic in anucclcdas 93-10+),
wlicl bcgins wiil ilcsc woids ol Siïmad-llagavaiam (7.1.1), wlcic King Paiïlsii
inquiicd:
Tcxi S+
samal piiyal sulid bialman
bluianam blagavan svayam
indiasyaiilc lailam daiiyan
avadlïd visamo yaila
samal-cqual; piiyal-bclovcd; sulii-liicnd; bialman-O bialmana (Suladcva);
bluianam-iowaid all living cniiiics; blagavan-ilc Supicmc Loid, Visnu; svayam-
Himscll; indiasya-ol India; aiilc-loi ilc bcnclii; lailam-low'; daiiyan-ilc
dcmons; avadlïi-lillcd; visamal-paiiial; yaila-as il.
"My dcai bialmana, ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad, Visnu, bcing
cvciyonc's wcll-wislci, is cqual and cxiicmcly dcai io cvciyonc. How, ilcn, did Hc
bccomc paiiial lilc a common man loi ilc salc ol India, and ilus lill India's
cncmics' How can a pcison cqual io cvciyonc bc paiiial io somc and inimical
iowaid oilcis'¯
Tcxi S5
paiamaimaivcna samal sulii liia-laiï piiyal piïii-visayo blagavan. cvam saii
samycnaivopalaiiavyaivcna piïii-visayaivcna ca saivcsv cva piapicsu lailam
visama iva daiiyan avadlïi. visamaivam upalalsanam. asulidi va piiya iva ccii.
paiamaimaivcna-as ilc Supcisoul; samal-cqual; sulii-liicnd; liia-laiï-wcll-
wislci; piiyal-dcai; piïii-visayal-allcciionaic; blagavan-ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy
ol Godlcad; cvam-ilus; saii-bcing so; samycna-wiil cqualiiy; cva-indccd;
upalaiiavyaivcna-as ilc lclpci; piïii-visayaivcna-wiil allcciion; ca-and; saivcsv-in
all; cva-indccd; piapicsu-aiiaincd; lailam-low'; visama-paiiial; iva-lilc; daiiyan-
io ilc dcmons; avadlïi-lillccd; visamaivam-paiiialiiy; upalalsanam.-claiaciciisiic;
a-sulidi-noi a liicnd; va-oi; piiya-dcai; iva-lilc; ca-and; iii-ilus.
Hcic ilc woid "samal" mcans "bccausc Hc is ilc Supcisoul, Hc is cqual io all",
"sulii" mcans ilc wcll-wislci", and "blagavan piiyal" mcans ilc allcciionaic
Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad". Tlc qucsiion in ilis vcisc is: "Il Hc is cqual,
allcciionaic, and lclplul io all living bcings, wly docs ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad slow paiiialiiy by lilling ilc dcmons'" Tlus ilc Loid is paiiial. To somc
Hc is a dcai liicnd, and io oilcis Hc is an cncmy.
Anuccheda 9+
Tcxi 1
lim ca. yasya yail piayojanam sidlyaii. sa iai-palsa-paiï blavaii. ycblyo
biblcii. ian dvcscna lanii. na iu iad aiiasiïiy ala
lim ca-luiilcimoic; yasya-ol wlom; yail-wiil wlom; piayojanam-nccd;
sidlyaii.-is csiablislcd; sa-Hc; iai-palsa-paiï-ilc ally ol ilc dcvoiccs; blavaii-is;
ycblyal-liom wlom; biblcii.-lcai; ian-ilcm; dvcscna-wiil laiicd; lanii.-lill; na-
noi; iu-bui; iai-ilai; aiia-lcic; asii-is iii-ilus; ala-said.
Hcic somconc may say ilai bccausc Hc las nccds ilai icquiic io bc lullillcd,
bccausc Hc is paiiial io somc living cniiiics, and bccausc Hc lcais oilci living
cniiiics, ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad laiclully lills His cncmics. Tlis is
noi an accuiaic dcsciipiion ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad. Tlis is
cxplaincd in ilc lollowing woids (Siïmad-llagavaiam 7.1.2):
Tcxi 2
na ly asyaiilal suia-ganail
salsan nilsicyasaimanal
naivasuicblyo vidviso
nodvcgas cagunasya li
na-noi; li-cciiainly; asya-His; aiilal-bcnclii, inicicsi; suia-ganail-wiil ilc
dcmigods; salsan-pcisonally; nilsicyasa-ol ilc liglcsi bliss; aimanal-wlosc
naiuic; na-noi; cva-cciiainly; asuicblyal-loi ilc dcmons; vidvisal-cnvy; na-noi;
udvcgaslcai; ca-and; agunasya-wlo posscsscs no maiciial qualiiics; li-cciiainly.
"Loid Visnu Himscll, ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad, is ilc icscivoii ol
all plcasuic. Tlcicloic, wlai bcnclii would Hc dciivc liom siding wiil ilc
dcmigods' Wlai inicicsi would Hc lullill in ilis way' Sincc ilc Loid is
iiansccndcnial, wly slould Hc lcai ilc asuias, and low could Hc bc cnvious ol
ilcm'"¯
Tcxi 3
nilsicyasam paiamanandal.
nilsicyasam-nilsicyasam; paiamanandal-iiansccndcnial bliss.
Hcic ilc woid "nilsicyasam" mcans iiansccndcnial plcasuic".
Anuccheda 95
Tcxi 1
aial
iii nal su-mala-blaga
naiayana-gunan piaii
samsayal su-malan jaias
iad blavan cciium ailaii
aial-ilcn; iii-ilus; nal-oui; su-mala-blaga-O gloiious onc; naiayana-gunan-
ilc qualiiics ol Naiayana; piaii-iowaid; samsayal-doubi; su-malan-vciy gicai;
jaial-boin; iai-ilai; blavan-Youi loidslip; cciium ailaii-plcasc dispcl.
Tlcn ii is said (Siïmad-llagavaiam 7.1.3):
"O gicaily loiiunaic and lcaincd bialmana, wlcilci Naiayana is paiiial oi
impaiiial las bccomc a subjcci ol gicai doubi. Kindly dispcl my doubi wiil
posiiivc cvidcncc ilai Naiayana is always ncuiial and cqual io cvciyonc."¯
Tcxi 2
gunan anugiala-nigialadïn piaii iai iam samsayam.
gunan-gunan; anugiala-mcicy; nigiala-and punislmcni; adïn-bcginning wiil;
piaii-io; iai-iali; iam-ilai; samsayam-doubi.
Tlc doubi lcic is aboui ilc Loid's qualiiics, sucl as His awaiding boil mcicy
and punislmcni.
Anuccheda 96
Tcxi 1
aiia siï-isii uvaca
sadlu pisiam mala-iaja
laics caiiiam adbluiam
yad-blagavaia-malaimyam
blagavad-blalii-vaidlanam
aiia-lcic; siï-isii uvaca -ilc sagc Siï Suladcva Gosvami said; sadlu-cxccllcni;
pisiam-inquiiy; mala-iaja-O gicai ling; laicl-ol ilc Supicmc Loid, Haii; caiiiam-
aciiviiics; adbluiam-wondcilul; yai-liom wlicl; blagavaia-ol ilc Loid's dcvoicc
(Piallada); malaimyam-ilc gloiics; blagavad-blalii-dcvoiion io ilc Loid;
vaidlanam-incicasing.
Tlcn ii is said (Siïmad-llagavaiam 1.7.+):
"Tlc gicai sagc Suladcva Gosvamï said: My dcai ling, you lavc pui bcloic mc
and cxccllcni qucsiion. Discouiscs conccining ilc aciiviiics ol ilc Loid, in wlicl
ilc gloiics ol His dcvoiccs aic also lound, aic cxiicmcly plcasing io dcvoiccs. Sucl
wondcilul iopics always couniciaci ilc misciics ol ilc maiciialisiic way ol lilc."¯
Tcxi 2
lc malaiaja idam yai pisiam iai sadlu su-vicaiiiam cva. liniu laics caiiiam
adbluiam apuivam. avaisamyc 'pi visamaiaya piaiiyamanaivcna vicaiaiiiaivai. yad
yaiia laics caiiic blagavad-blalii-vaidlanam blagavaia-malaimyam
blagavaianam siï-pialladopalalsiia-blalia-vindanam malaimyam vaiiaic. ancna
blagavaiaiilam cva saivam laioii blagavan na iv anyaiilam iiy asyaivaiilasya
paiyavasanam blavisyaiïii vyanjiiam.
lc-O; malaiaja-ling; idam-ilus; yai-wlai; pisiam-aslcd; iai-ilai; sadlu-
cxccllcni; su-vicaiiiam-wcll-ilougli; cva.-indccd; liniu-lowcvci; laicl-ol Loid
Kisna; caiiiam-aciiviiics; adbluiam-wondcilul; apuivam.-unpicccdcnicd;
avaisamyc-wuiiloui paiiialiiy; api-cvcn; visamaiaya-wiil paiiialiiy;
piaiiyamanaivcna-bccausc ol ilc undcisianding; vicaiaiiiaivai.-bccausc ol ilus
considciing; yai-wlai; yaiia-wlcic; laicl-ol Loid Kisna; caiiic-aciiviiics;
blagavad-blalii-vaidlanam-incicasing dcvoiion io ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad; blagavaia-malaimyam-ilc gloiics ol ilc Loid's dcvoiccs;
blagavaianam-ol ilc dcvoiccs; siï-pialladopalalsiia-lilc Siï Piallada; blalia-
vindanam-ol ilc dcvoiccs; malaimyam-ilc gloiy; vaiiaic.-is; ancna-by ilis;
blagavaiaiilam-loi ilc bcncii ol ilc dcvoiccs; cva-indccd; saivam-all; laioii-docs;
blagavan-ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; na-noi; iv-bui; anya-anoilci;
aiilam-mcaning; iii-ilus; asya-ol ilis; cva-indccd; aiilasya-ol ilc puiposc;
paiyavasanam-conclusion; blavisyaii-will bc; iii-ilus; vyanjiiam-manilcsicd.
In ilis vcisc ii is said: "My dcai ling, you lavc pui bcloic mc and cxccllcni,
wcll-considcicd qucsiion. Tlc gloiics ol ilc Loid aic wondcilul and wiiloui
picccdcni." Tlc Loid's aciiviiics aic wondcilul bccausc cvcn ilougl Hc is
supicmcly impaiiial, ilc Loid is siill paiiial io His dcvoiccs. Tlcn ilc vcisc
dcclaics: "ly lcaiing aboui ilc Loid's aciiviiics, a pcison incicascs His dcvoiion ol
ilc Loid." Tlc woid "blagavaia-malaimyam" mcans "ilc gloiics ol Piallada and
ilc oilci dcvoiccs ol ilc Loid". In ilis way ii is sccn ilai ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy
ol Godlcad always acis loi ilc bcnclii ol His dcvoiccs. Ii is noi oilciwisc. Tlis
conclusion will bc clcaily cxplaincd in laici paiis ol ilis bool.
Tcxi 3
iïla ca
sva-blalia-palsa-paicna
iad-vipalsa-vidaianam
nisimlam adbluiam vandc
paiamananda-vigialam. iiy csa.
iïla-commcniaiy; ca-and; sva-blalia-palsa-paicna-by bcing paiiial io His
dcvoiccs; iad-vipalsa-vidaianam-icaiing apaii ilc cncmics ol His dcvoiccs;
nisimlam-Loid Nisimla; adbluiam-wondcilul; vandc-I bow down; paiamananda-
vigialam.-wlosc loim is lillcd wiil iiansccndcnial bliss; iii-ilus; csa.-ii.
In lis commcniaiy on Siïmad-llagavaiam 7.1.1, Siïla Siïdlaia Svamï piays:
"I bow down bcloic Loid Nisimla, wlosc wondcilul loim is lillcd wiil
iiansccndcnial bliss, wlo is ilc paiiisan ol His dcvoiccs, and wlo iips apaii
anyonc wlo bccomcs His dcvoicc's aiiaclci."
Anuccheda 97
Tcxi 1
aial
gïyaic paiamam punyam
isiblii naiadadiblil
naiva lisnaya munayc
lailayisyc laicl lailam
aial-ilcn; gïyaic-is sung; paiamam-loicmosi; punyam-pious; isiblil-by ilc
sagcs; naiadadiblil-lcadcd by Siï Naiada Muni; naiva-alici ollciing obcisanccs;
lisnaya-io Kisna-dvaipayana Vyasa; munayc-ilc gicai sagc; lailayisyc-I
slallnaiiai; laicl-ol Haii; lailam-ilc iopics;.
Tlcn ii is said (Siïmad-llagavaiam (7.1.5):
"Tlcicloic gicai sagcs lilc Naiada always spcal upon Siïmad-llagavaiam
bccausc ii givcs onc ilc laciliiy io lcai and clani aboui ilc wondcilul aciiviiics ol
ilc Loid. Lci mc ollci my icspccilul obcisanccs unio Siïla Vyasadcva and ilcn
bcgin dcsciibing iopics conccining ilc aciiviiics ol Loid Haii."¯
Tcxi 2
paiamam punyam yaila syai iaila ya gïyaic iam lailam iii yai
iadoiadlyalaicnanvayal. aiia ca iaii gïyamanaivcna blaliaila-sulla-
piayojanaivam cva vyanjiiam.
paiamam-iiansccndcnial; punyam-piciy; yaila-as; syai-is; iaila-so; ya-wlai;
gïyaic-is said; iam-ilai; lailam-iopic; iii-ilus; yai-iadol-ol ilc iwo woids "yai"
and "iai"; adlyalaicnanvayal-ilc cxplanaiion; aiia-lcic; ca-and; iail-by ilcm;
gïyamanaivcna-as bcing iold; blaliaila-sulla-piayojanaivam-ilc only lappincss
ol ilc dcvoiccs; cva-indccd; vyanjiiam-manilcsicd.
Hcic ilc woids "gïyaic paiamam punyam lailam" aic paii ol a iclaiivc clausc.
Hcic ilc iclaiivc and co-iclaiivc pionouns "yai" and "iai" aic undcisiood alilougl
noi cxpicsscd. In ilis way ii is cxplaincd ilai dcsciibing ilc Supicmc Loid's
gloiics is ilc gicai lappincss ol ilc dcvoiccs.
Anuccheda 98
Tcxi 1
iaiia iavad vyanjiiaiilanuiupam cva piasnasyoiiaiam ala
iaiia-ilcic; iavai-ilcn; vyanjiia-manilcsicd; aiila-mcaning; anuiupam-
accoiding io; cva-indccd; piasnasya-ol ilc qucsiion; uiiaiam-ilc answci; ala-
spolc.
In ilc lollowing woids ilcsc qucsiions aic appiopiiaicly answcicd (Siïmad-
llagavaiam 7.1.6):
Tcxi 2
niiguno 'pi ly ajo 'vyalio
blagavan pialiicl paial
sva-maya-gunam avisya
badlya-badlalaiam gaial
niigunal-wiiloui maiciial qualiiics; api-alilougl; li-cciiainly; ajal-unboin;
avyalial-unmanilcsi; blagavan-ilc Supicmc Loid; pialiicl-io maiciial naiuic;
paial-iiansccndcnial; sva-maya-ol His own cncigy; gunam-maiciial qualiiics;
avisya-cniciing; badlya-obligaiion; badlalaiam-ilc condiiion ol bcing obligcd;
gaial-acccpis.
"Tlc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad, Visnu, is always iiansccndcnial io
maiciial qualiiics, and ilcicloic Hc is callcd niiguna, oi wiiloui qualiiics. lccausc
Hc is unboin Hc docs noi lavc a maiciial body io bc subjccicd io aiiaclmcni and
laiicd. Alilougl ilc Loid is always abovc maiciial cxisicncc, iliougl His spiiiiual
poicncy Hc appcaicd and acicd lilc an oidinaiy luman bcing, acccpiing duiics
and obligaiions, appaicnily lilc a condiiioncd soul."¯
Tcxi 3
yasmai pialiicl paias iasman niigunal pialiia-guna-ialiial. iaia cvajo niiya-
siddlal. aia cva cavyalial pialiia-dclcndiiyadi-ialiiaivan nanycna vyajyaia iii
svayam-pialasa-dcladii iiy aiilal. iaias ca pialiii-gunoiila-iaga-dvcsadi-ialiias
ccii blaval.
yasmai-bccausc; pialiicl-io maiici; paial-iiansccndcnial; iasman-ilcicloic;
niigunal-qualiiylcss; pialiia-guna-ialiial.-wiiloui maiciial qualiiics; iaia-
ilcicloic; cva-indccd; ajal-unboin; niiya-siddlal.-iccinally pcilcci; aia cva-
ilcicloic; ca-also; avyalial-unmanilcsicd; pialiia-dclcndiiyadi-ialiiaivan-
bccausc ol noi posscssing maiciial body, scnscs, oi oilci maiciial ilings; na-noi;
anycna-by anoilci; vyajyaia-is manilcsicd; iii-ilus; svayam-pialasa-scll-
manilcsicd; dcladil-bcginning wiil ilc body; iii-ilus; aiilal.-ilc mcaning; iaial-
ilcicloic; ca-and; pialiii-guna-maiciial qualiiics; uiila-aiiscn; iaga-aiiaclmcni;
dvcsa-and laiicd; adi-bcginnign wiil; ialiial-wiiloui; ca-also; iii-ilus; blaval-
ilc mcaning.
Hcic ii is said ilai bccausc Hc is iiansccndcnial io maiciial qualiiics, ilc Loid
las no maiciial qualiiics. Tlcicloic Hc is unboin (ajal) and cicinally pcilcci. Tlai
is also wly Hc is unmanilcsicd (avyalial) Hcic ilc woid unmanilcsicd mcans
"ilc Loid's body, scnscs, and cvciyiling clsc aic noi maiciial. ilcy aic spiiiiual,
and ilcicloic scll-manilcsicd". Tlis mcans ilai ilc Loid docs noi lavc maiciial
cmoiions lilc maiciial lovc and laiicd.
Tcxi +
cvam cvam-bluio 'pi svcsu blalicsu ya maya lipa iaiiociio yo guno lïla-
lauiula-maya-visuddloijiia-saiivallyas iam avisyalambya blagavan niiyam cva
pialasiia-sad-gunaisvaiyal san. ciad apy upalalsanam. ladacid adiiyadau jaial
san lolcndiiycsu vyalio 'pi san badlya-badlalaiam gaial.
cvam-ilus; cvam-bluial-lilc ilis; api-also; svcsu-own; blalicsu-io ilc
dcvoiccs; ya-wlai; maya-maya; lipa-mscicy; iaiia-ilcic; uciial-appiopiiaic; yal-
wlai; gunal-qualiiy; lïla-pasiimcs; lauiula-bliss; maya-consisiing ol; visuddla-
puic; uijiia-impcllcd; saiiva-cxisicncc; allyal-callcd; iam-ilai; avisya-cniciing;
alambya-icsiing on; blagavan-ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; niiyam-
always; cva-indccd; pialasiia-maniclsicd; sad-gunaisvaiyal-opulcncc ol ilc six
qualiiics; san.-bcing so; ciai-ilai; api-also; upalalsanam-naiuic; ladacii-somciimc;
adiiya-ilc sun; adau-bcginning; jaial-boin; san-bcing so; lolcndiiycsu-ilc masici
ol nilc scnscs; vyalial-manilcsicd; api-also; san-bcing so; badlya-obligaiion;
badlalaiam-ilc condiiion ol bcing obligcd; gaial-aiiains.
In ilis way ilc Loid is mcicilul io His dcvoiccs. Iull wiil six iiansccndcnial
opulcnccs, and manilcsiing blisslul and puic iiansccndcnial loim and pasiimcs,
ilc Loid cnicis ilc maiciial woild. In ilis way ilc Loid somciimcs is "boin", and
ilcn is opcnly visiblc io ilc scnscs ol ilc condiiioncd souls in ilc maiciial woild.
In ilis way ilc Loid acis lilc oidinaiy luman bcing, acccpiing duiics and
obligaiions, appaicnily lilc a condiiioncd soul (badlya-badlalaiam gaial).
Tcxi 5
nija-disii-pailc 'pi silaium asamaiilcsv aii-lsudicsu dcvasuiadisu sva-salayya-
piaiiyoddliiva-sampadanaya svayam sancaiiiam lincii iad-amsa-lalsanam cva
icjal samasiiiya badlyaiam badlalaiam ca gaial.
nija-disii-pailc-in ilc pailway ol ilc cycs; api-also; silaium-io siay;
asamaiilcsv-unablc; aii-lsudicsu-vciy insignilicani; dcvasuiadisu-bcginning wiil
ilc dcmigods and dcmons; sva-salayya-piaiiyoddliiva-sampadanaya-io lclp and
io ligli; svayam-pcisonally; sancaiiiam-movcd; lincii-somciling; iad-amsa-
lalsanam-ilc naiuic ol a paii; cva-indccd; icjal-powci; samasiiiya-ialing slclici;
badlyaiam badlalaiam ca gaial-aiiaincd oidinaiy obligaiions.
In ilis way ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad lclps ilc dcmigods and liglis
wiil ilc dcmons. Alilougl nciilci ilc dcmigods noi ilc dcmons aic woiily io
wall on ilc pailway ol ilc Supicmc Loid's cycs, ilc Loid, manilcsiing only paii
ol His oiiginal iiansccndcnial gloiy, picicnds io bc an oidinaiy icsidcni ol ilc
maiciial woild.
Tcxi 6
yuddla-lïla-vaiciiiyaya piaiiyoddlisu iadanïm yasmin pialasyamanad api
icjaso 'dlilam icjaso 'msam sancaiya badlyaiam paiajayam ladacii iu iasman
nyunam sancaiya badlalaiam jayam piapia iiy aiilal. syai lipa-damblayoi
maya iii visva-pialasal.
yuddla-ligliing; lïla-pasiimcs; vaiciiiyaya-loi ilc wondci; piaiiyoddlisu-
cncmy liglicis; iadanïm-ilcn; yasmin-in wlicl; pialasyamanai-bccausc ol
manilcsiing; api-also; icjasal-ol powci; adlilam-supciioiiiy; icjasal-ol powci;
amsam-paii; sancaiya-manilcsiing; badlyaiam-oidinaiy; paiajayam-vixcioiy;
ladacii-somciimcs; iu-bui; iasman-ilcicloic; nyunam-lcssci; sancaiya-manilcsiing;
badlalaiam-oidinaiy; jayam-vicioiy; piapia-aiiaincd; iii-ilus; aiilal.-ilc
mcianing; syai-is; lipa-ol mcicy; damblayol-ol iiiclciy; maya-maya; iii-ilus;
visva-pialasal-Visva-pialasa.
Wlcn ilc Loid manilcsis moic ol His iiansccndcnial powci, Hc givcs ilc
dcmons a vciy siunning dclcai in His pasiimcs ol ligliing wiil ilcm. Wlcn ilc
Loid manilcsis lcss ol His iiansccndcnial powci, Hc givcs ilc dcmons lcss ol a
dclcai. Tlc woid maya is dclincd in ilcsc woids ol ilc Visva-pialasa Diciionaiy:
" Maya' mcans ciilci mcicy' oi iiiclciy'."
Tcxi 7
aiia saiy apy aiilaniaic blagavaianugiala-piayojanaivcnaivopalianiaivad
upasamlaiisyamanaivac ca gaii-samanyac ca clalamaya-mayaya iai-iai-laiiiivc 'py
adlila-dosapaiac ca ian napclsaic.
aiia-lcic; saii-bcing so; api-also; aiilaniaic-in anoilci mcaning;
blagavaianugiala-ilc mcicy ol ilc Loid; piayojanaivcna-by ilc nccd; cva-indccd;
upalianiaivai-bccausc ol aiiacling; upasamlaiisyamanaivac-bccausc ii will bc
concludcd; ca-also; gaii-samanyac-bccausc ol ilc samc aciion; ca-and; clalamaya-
mayaya-bccausc ol bcing a iiicl; iai-iai-laiiiivc-in ilc asiaic ol bcing ilc doci ol
ilcsc vaiious aciiviiics; api-also; adlila-dosapaiac-bccausc ol ilc gicai lauli; ca-
and; ian-ilcm; na-noi; apclsaic-ialcs inio considciaiion.
Tlcsc woids may also bc inicipicicd in a dillcicni way. lccausc ilc Loid's
aciiviiics musi always slow His mcicy io His dcvoiccs, and bccausc His aciiviiics
in ilis woild aic somciimcs manilcsicd and ilcn again unmanilcsicd, and bccausc
ilc Loid is always cqual io all, as ilc Vcdania-suiia (1.1.10) dcclaics in ilc woids
"Tlc Supicmc Loid is always cqual io all", ilcicloic ilc idca ilai ilc Supicmc
Loid is paiiial io somc living cniiiics and ilc cncmy ol oilci living cniiiics is an
illusion cicaicd by ilc illusoiy poicncy maya.
Tcxi S
iasmad blalia-vinodaila-piayojanala-svaiia-lïla-laivalycnanyaiia iaga-
dvcsablavan naiia vaisamyam iii blaval. aia cva badlyaiam api yaiïii badlalaiaya
salaivoliam. iaila nija-svaiupa-salii-vilasa-lalsana-lïlavislaicna saivcsam cva
liiam paiyavasyaiïii suliiivadilam ca napayaiïii dlvaniiam.
iasmai-ilciloic; blalia-vinodaila-piayojanala-only io plcasc ilc dcvoiccs;
svaiia-indcpcndcni; lïla-pasiimcs; laivalycna-iiansccndcnial; anyaiia-in anoilci
placc; iaga-dvcsablavan-bccausc ol ilc abscncc ol maiciial lovc and laiicd; na-
noi; aiia-lcic; vaisamyam-paiiialiiy; iii-ilus; blaval.-ilc mcaning; aia cva-
ilcicloic; badlyaiam-as an oidinaiy pwison; api-cvcn; yaii-aiiains; iii-ilus;
badlalaiaya-oidinaiy obligaiions; sala-wiil; cva-indccd; uliam-is said; iaila-so;
nija-svaiupa-salii-pcisonal poicncy; vilasa-pasiicms; lalsana-claiaciciisiic; lïla-
pasiimcs; avislaicna-by manilcsiaiion; saivcsam-ol all; cva-indccd; liiam-
auspiciousncss; paiyavasyaii-biing ai ilc cnd; iii-ilus; suliiivadilam-bcginning
wiil bcing ilc liicnd; ca-and; na-noi; apayaii-lcavcs; iii-ilus; dlvaniiam-ii is said.
Tlcicloic ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad manilcsis His indcpcndcni
pasiimcs io plcasc His dcvoiccs. Il ilis wcic noi so, ilcn Hc would bc paiiial. Tlai
is ilc mcaning. In ilis way ilc Loid appcais lilc an oidinaiy pcison and acccpis
ilc obligaiions ol an oidinaiy pcison. In ilis way, wiil ilc aid ol His inicinal
poicncy, Hc manilcsis iiansccndcnial pasiimcs ilai in ilc cnd biing
auspiciousncss io cvciyonc. In ilis way Hc is ilc liicnd ol cvciyonc. Ii cannoi bc
said ilai Hc is noi ilc liicnd ol cvciyonc. Tlai is ilc mcaning.
Anuccheda 99
Tcxi 1
aila lailam so 'pi visuddla-saiivallyo gunal pialiio na blavaii. lada va
luiia iam vïiyaiisayam sancaiayaii. lailam va liia-lany-aliiablyagama-piasango
na blavaiïiy adilam asanlyala dvablyam
aila-now; lailam-low'; so 'pi-Hc; visuddla-saiivallyal-puic goodncss;
gunal-qualiiy; pialiial-maiciial; na-noi; blavaii-is; lada-ilcn; va-oi; luiia-
wlcic'; iam-ilai; vïiyaiisayam-gicai powci; sancaiayaii-manilcsis; lailam-nlow';
va-oi; liia-lani-dcsiiuciion; aliiablyagama-noi aiiacling; piasangal-in iclaiion
io; na-noi; blavaii-is; iii-ilus; adilam-bcginning; asanlya-lcaiing; ala-said;
dvablyam-wiil iwo vciscs.
Hcic somconc may asl: "Ii is said ilai ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad is
siiuaicd in ilc modc ol puic goodncss. Is ilis goodncss noi maiciial, onc ol ilc
maiciial modcs ol naiuic' Wlcn and wlcic docs ilc Loid manilcsi His gicai
iiansccndcnial powci' Wly docs ilc Loid somciimcs lill ilc dcmons and
somciimcs noi lill ilcm'" Icaiing ilai somconc may asl ilcsc qucsiions, Siïla
Suladcva Gosvamï givcs an answci in iwo vciscs (Siïmad-llagavaiam 7.1.7-S). In
ilc liisi ol ilcsc vciscs (Siïmad-llagavaiam 1.7.7) lc says:
Tcxi 2
saiivam iajas iama iii
pialiici naimano gunal
na icsam yugapad iajan
liasa ullasa cva ca
saiivam-ilc modc ol goodncss; iajal-ilc modc ol passion; iama-ilc modc ol
ignoiancc; iii-ilus; pialiicl-ol maiciial naiuic; na-noi; aimanal-ol ilc spiiii soul;
gunal-qualiiics; na-noi; icsam-ol ilcm; yugapai-simuliancously; iajan-O ling;
liasa-diminuiion; ullasa-piomincncc; cva-cciiainly; ca-oi.
"My dcai King Paiïlsii, ilc maiciial qualiiics - saiiva-guna, iajo-guna, and
iamo-guna - all bclong io ilc maiciial woild and do noi cvcn ioucl ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad. Tlcsc ilicc gunas cannoi aci by incicasing oi dccicasing
simuliancously."¯
Tcxi 3
saiivadayo gunal pialiici cva naimanal. aimanal paiamcsvaiasya iasya iu yc
saivc 'pi niiyam cvollasino gunas ic iu ic na blavaniïiy aiilal.
saiivadayal-bcginning wiil goodncss; gunal-modcs; pialiicl-ol maiici; cva-
indccd; na-noi; aimanal-ol ilc aima; aimanal-ol ilc aima; paiamcsvaiasya-ol ilc
Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; iasya-ol Him; iu-bui; yc-wlo; saivc-all; api-also;
niiyam-always; cva-indccd; ullasinal-incicasing; gunal-modcs; ic-ilcy; iu-bui; ic-
ilcy; na-noi; blavanii-aic; iii-ilus; aiilal-ilc mcaning.
Tlis vcisc mcans "ilc maiciial modcs aic ncvci picscni in ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad".
Tcxi +
iad uliam saiivadayo na saniïsa iii.
iai-ilai; uliam-said; saiivadayo na saniïsa iii-Siï Visnu Puiana 1.9.+3.
Tlis is conliimcd by ilc lollowing woids ol Siï Visnu Puiana (1.9.+3):
"Tlc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad, Visnu, is bcyond ilc ilicc qualiiics
goodncss, passion, and ignoiancc."¯
Tcxi 5
lladinï sandlinï samvii ivayy cla saiva-samsiliiau iii ca.
lladinï sandlinï samvii ivayy cla saiva-samsiliiau iii-Siï Visnu Puiana
1.12.69; ca-and.
Tlis is also conliimcd by ilcsc woids ol Siï Visnu Puiana (1.12.69):
"O Loid, You aic ilc suppoii ol cvciyiling. ilc ilicc aiiiibuics lladinï,
sandlinï, and samvii cxisi in You as onc spiiiiual cncigy. lui ilc maiciial modcs,
wlicl causc lappincss, misciy, and mixiuics ol ilc iwo, do noi cxisi in You, loi
You lavc no maiciial qualiiics."¯
Tcxi 6
yasman naimanas ic. iasmad cva yugapai liasa cva va ullasa cva va nasii. liniu
vilaiiivcna paiaspaiam ablyupamaidiivai lasyacii ladacii liasal. lasyacii
ladacid ullaso blavaiïiy aiilal. iaias ca dcvadïnam iai-samlaiyc 'suiadïnam ca
iad-yuddlc yogyaiam daisayaii.
yasman-bccausc; na-noi; aimanal-ol ilc Scll; ic.-ilcy; iasmai-ilcicloic; cva-
indccd; yugapai-simuliancously; liasa-diminuiion; cva-indccd; va-oi; ullasa-
piomincncc; cva-indccd; va-oi; na-noi; asii-is; liniu-lowcvci; vilaiiivcna-by
iiansloimaiions; paiaspaiam-muiual; ablyupamaidiivai-bccausc ol icluiaiion;
lasyacii-ol somciling; ladacii-somciimc; liasal.-diminuiion; lasyacii-ol
somciling; ladacii-somciimc; ullasal-piomincncc; blavaii-is; iii-ilus; aiilal-ilc
mcaning; iaial-ilcn; ca-and; dcvadïnam-bcginning wiil ilc dcmigods; iai-
samlaiyc-in winding up; asuiadïnam-bcginning wiil ilc dcmigods; ca-and; iad-
yuddlc-in ligliing wiil ilcm; yogyaiam-piopcincss; daisayaii-slows.
lccausc ilc modcs ol maiciial naiuic nciilci incicasc noi dccicasc in iclaiion
io ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad, ilcy ncvci biing maiciial iiansloimaiions
upon Him. Tlcy ncvci undci any ciicumsianccs incicasc ilcii inllucncc ovci Him,
and, in ilc samc way, ilcy ncvci in any ciicumsianccs dccicasc ilcii inllucncc
ovci Him. Tlcy lavc no powci ovci Him. In ilis way ii is sccn ilai ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad's pioicciing ilc dcmigods and ligliing wiil ilc dcmons is
pcilccily appiopiiaic, iigli, and jusi.
Anuccheda 100
Tcxi 1
iaila saiivady-ullasa-lalc ial-lïlayas iad-adlïnaivam iva yai piaiïyaic. iad
anuvadan paiilaiaii
iaila-so; saiivadi-ol ilc modcs bcginning wiil goodncss; ullasa-incicasc; lalc-
in ilc iimc; ial-lïlayal-ol His pasiimc; iad-adlïnaivam-ilc siaic ol bcing
suboidinaic io ilai; iva-lilc; yai-ilai; piaiïyaic-is undcisiood; iai-ilai; anuvadan-
saying; paiilaiaii-icmovcs.
Hcic somconc may say: "Ai dillcicni iimcs onc ol ilc modcs ol naiuic, ciilci
goodncss, passion, oi ignoiancc, bccomc piomincni. Tlc pasiimcs ol ilc Loid aic
ilcn undci ilc coniiol ol wlaicvci maiciial modc is ilcn piomincni." Tlis lalsc
idca is icluicd by ilc lollowing woids ol Siïmad-llagavaiam (1.7.S):
Tcxi 2
jaya-lalc iu saiivasya
dcvaisïn iajaso 'suian
iamaso yalsa-ialsamsi
iai-lalanuguno 'blajai
jaya-lalc-in ilc iimc ol piomincncc; iu-indccd; saiivasya-ol goodncss; dcva-ilc
dcmigods; isïn-and sagcs; iajasal-ol passion; asuian-ilc dcmons; iamasal-ol
ignoiancc; yalsa-ialsamsi-ilc yalsas and Ralsasas; iai-lalanugunal-accoiding io
ilc paiiiculai iimc; ablajai-losicicd.
"Wlcn ilc qualiiy ol goodncss is piomincni, ilc sagcs and dcmigods llouiisl
wiil ilc lclp ol ilai qualiiy, wiil wlicl ilcy aic inluscd and suiclaigcd by ilc
Supicmc Loid. Similaily, wlcn ilc modc ol passion is piomincni ilc dcmons
llouiisl, and wlcn ignoiancc is piomincni ilc Yalsas and Ralsasas llouiisl. Tlc
Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad is picscni in cvciyonc's lcaii, losiciing ilc
icaciions ol saiiva-guna, iajo-guna, and iamo-guna."¯
Tcxi 3
saiivasya jaya-lalc dcvan isïms cablajad blajaii blagavan iai-pialiii-iai-iad-
dclcsu saiivopadlilam nija-icjal sancaiayaii. ycna ca ian salayamanan laioiïiy
aiilal.
saiivasya-ol goodsncss; jaya-lalc-ai ilc iimc ol piomincncc; dcvan-ilc
dcmigods; isïml-icl sagcs; ca-and; ablajai-losicicd; blajaii-losicis; blagavan-ilc
Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; iai-pialiii-iai-iad-dclcsu-in ilc vaiious bodics
ol ilosc naiuics; saiivopadlilam-ilc body ol goodncss; nija-icjal-own powci;
sancaiayaii-losicis; ycna-by wlicl; ca-and; ian-ilai; salayamanan-lclping; laioii-
docs iii-ilus; aiilal-ilc mcaning .
Hcic ilc woids "saiivasya jaya-lalc dcvaisïn ablajai" mcan "Wlcn ilc qualiiy
ol goodncss is piomincni, ilc sagcs and dcmigods llouiisl wiil ilc lclp ol ilai
qualiiy, wiil wlicl ilcy aic inluscd and suiclaigcd by ilc Supicmc Loid."
Tcxi +
cvam iajaso jaya-lalc asuicsu iaja-upadlilam iamaso jaya-lalc yalsa-ialsalsu
iama-upadlilam iii yojanïyam. iaias ca ycna ian yalsadïn piaiiyoddlin luivan
dcvadïn paiajiian laioii. svam api iaila daisayaiïiy aiilal. iad cvam blalia-iasa-
posa-lïla-vaiciiiyaya badlya-badlalaiam yaiïii daisiiam.
cvam-ilus; iajasal-ol passion; jaya-lalc-ai ilc iimc ol piomincncc; asuicsu-in
ilc dcmons; iaja-upadlilam-ilc dcsignaiion ol passion; iamasal-ol ignoiancc;
jaya-lalc-ai ilc iimc ol piomincncc; yalsa-ialsalsu-ilc Yalsas ansd Ralsasas;
iama-upadlilam-ilc dcsignaiion ol ignoiancc; iii-ilus; yojanïyam-appiopiiaic;
iaial-ilcn; ca-and; ycna-by wlicl; ian-ilcm; yalsadïn-bcginning wiil ilc Yalsas;
piaiiyoddlin-cncmy liglicis; luivan-doing; dcvadïn-bcginning wciil ilc
dcmigods; paiajiian-dclcaicd; laioii-docs; svam-own; api-also; iaila-so; daisayaii-
slows; iii-ilus; aiilal-ilc mcaning; iai-ilai; cvam-ilus; blalia-dcvoiccs; iasa-
mcllows; posa-nouiislmcni; lïla-pasiimcs; vaiciiiyaya-loi wondcilul vaiiciy;
badlya-badlalaiam-ilc siaius ol an oidinaiy pcison; yaii-aiiains; iii-ilus;
daisiiam-icvcalcd.
Hcic ilc woids "iajaso jaya-lalc" and iamaso jaya-lalc" mcan "Similaily,
wlcn ilc modc ol passion is piomincni ilc dcmons llouiisl, and wlcn ignoiancc
is piomincni ilc Yalsas and Ralsasas llouiisl." Howcvci, wlcn ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad pcisonally dcsccnds io ilc maiciial woild and picicnds io
bc an oidinaiy luman bcing, Hc casily dclcais ilc Yalsas, Ralsasas, and dcmigods,
and Hc also incicascs ilc dcvoiccs' mcllows ol lovc loi Him. Tlis is cxplaincd in
ilc woids "badlya-badlalaiam".
Tcxi 5
yac ca lsïioda-mailanc siuyaic
iailasuian avisad asuicna
iupcna icsam bala-vïiyam iiayan
uddïpayan dcva-ganams ca visnui
daivcna nagcndiam abodla-iupal. iii.
yai-wlai; ca-and; lsïioda-mailanc-in cluining ilc occan ol mill; siuyaic-is
lcaid; iaila-ilciclalici; asuian-unio ilc dcmons; avisai-cnicicd; asuicna-by ilc
qualiiy ol passion; iupcna-in sucl a loim; icsam-ol ilcm; bala-vïiyam-siicngil and
cncigy; iiayan-incicasing; uddïpayan-cncouiaging; dcva-ganaml-ilc dcmigods; ca-
also; visnul-Loid Visnu; daivcna-by ilc lcaiuic ol goodncss; nagcndiam-unio ilc
ling ol scipcnis, Vasuli; abodla-iupal-by ilc qualiiy ol ignoiancc; iii-ilus.
Tlai ilc Supicmc Loid malcs ilc modcs ol naiuic cnici ilc dillcicni classcs ol
living bcings is also conliimcd by ilcsc woids ol Siïmad-llagavaiam (S.7.11)
dcsciibing ilc Loid's appcaiancc ai ilc iimc ol cluining ilc mill-occan:
"Tlcicalici, Loid Visnu cnicicd ilc dcmons as ilc qualiiy ol passion, ilc
dcmigods as ilc qualiiy ol goodncss, and Vasuli as ilc qualiiy ol ignoiancc io
cncouiagc ilcm and incicasc ilcii vaiious iypcs ol siicngil and cncigy."¯.
Tcxi 6
iaiiapi iad-vaiciiiyaiilam cva iaila iai-iad-avcsas iasycii lablyaic. nanv ayaia
iasya iai-iad-gunodbodla-lala-paiavasycna svaia-lïlaia-lanil. iaias ca guna-
sambandlaiisayc vaisamyadilam ca spasiam cvciy asanlyala iai-lalanuguna iii.
iaiiapi-ncvcicilclcss; iad-vaiciiiyaiilam-loi ilai vaiiciy; cva-indccd; iaila-so;
iai-iad-avcsal-cniciing ilcm; iasya-ol ilai; iii-ilus; lablyaic-is aiiainmcd; nanv-is
ii noi so'; ayaia-aiiaincd; iasya-ol ilai; iai-iad-gunodbodla-lala-ilc iimc ol
manilcsiing ilc modcs ol naiuic; paiavasycna-by bcing undci ilc coniiol; svaia-
lïlaia-lanil-dcsiiuciion ol indcpcndcncc; iaial-ilcn; ca-and; guna-ol ilc modcs;
sambandla-iclaiion; aiisayc-gicai; vaisamyadilam-bcginning wiil paiiialiiy; ca-
and; spasiam-clcaily; cva-indccd; iii-ilus; asanlya-lcaiing; ala-said; iai-
lalanuguna-ilc woid "iai-lalanuguna"; iii-ilus.
In ilis way ii is said ilai ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad causcd ilc
dillcicni modcs io cnici ilc dillcicni linds ol living bcings. Hcic somconc may
pioicsi: "Il wlcn ilcy aic ilus manilcsi ilc modcs ol naiuic biing ilc living
bcings undci ilcii coniiol, ilcn ilc living bcings lavc no indcpcndcncc. In ilis
way ilc Loid is unlaii and unjusi, loi wiiloui any good icason Hc malcs ilc
dillcicni modcs cnici ilc dillcicni linds ol living bcings. In ilis way Hc is paiiial
io somc living bcings and ilc cncmy ol oilcis." Icaiing ilai somconc would spcal
ilis pioicsi, ilc Siïmad-llagavaiam spcals ilc woid "iai-lalanugunal"
(appiopiiaic io ilai paiiiculai iimc).
Tcxi 7
icsam saiivadïnam lala cvanuguno yasya sal. blagavac-claiana iiivai samasal.
svaiiam cva liïdaii iasmin niiyam cva iad-anugaiilaiaya mayaya iad-
anusaicnaivanadi-siddla-piavalam iam jagai-laima-samudayam piaiiya sva-viiii-
viscsa-iupaivcna piavaiiyamanal saiivadi-gunanam lala cva iad-adlïno blavaiïiy
aiilal.
icsam-ol ilcm; saiivadïnam-bcginning wiil goodncss; lala-iimc; cva-indccd;
anugunal-lollowing; yasya-ol wlicl; sal-ilai; blagavai-ol ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; saiana-ialing slclici; iiivai-lilc; samasal-compund;
svaiiam-indcpcndcni; cva-indccd; liïdaii-plays; iasmin-in ilai; niiyam-always;
cva-indccd; iad-anugaiilaiaya-by lollowing ilai; mayaya-by maya; iad-anusaicna-
accoiding io ilai; cva-indccd; anadi-bcginninglcss; siddla-pcilcci; piavalam-
siicam; iam-ilai; jagai-laima-samudayam-ilc manilcsiaiion ol ilc woild's laima;
piaiiya-scnding; sva-viiii-viscsa-iupaivcna-wiil ilc loim ol onc's own aciions;
piavaiiyamanal-sciiing in moiion; saiivadi-gunanam-ol ilc modcs bcginning wiil
goodncss; lala-iimc; cva-indccd; iad-adlïnal-dcpcndcni on ilai; blavaii-is; iii-
ilus; aiilal-ilc mcaning.
Tlc woid "iai-lalanugunal" mcans "ilc iimc is dcpcndcni on ilc modcs
bcginning wiil goodncss". Hcic ilc compound woid "iai-lalanugunal" is lilc ilc
compound woid "blagavai-claianal" (dcpcndcni on ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad). In iiuil ilc individual spiiii soul iciains lis minuic indcpcndcncc. Tlc
maiciial poicncy maya icsponds io ilc soul's dcsiics. Tlc individual soul dcsiics
in cciiain ways and pciloims maiciial aciions io lullill lis dcsiics. Tlcsc
maiciialisiic aciions sci ilc modcs ol maiciial naiuic (bcginning wiil goodncss)
inio moiion, and ilc modcs ilcn sci iimc inio moiion. In ilis way maiciial iimc is
dcpcndcni on ilc ilicc modcs ol maiciial naiuic.
Tcxi S
lalasya maya-viiiïivam udaliiam lalo daivam iiy adau ivan-mayayaisa iii.
lalasya-ol iimc; maya-viiiïivam-a aciiviiy ol maya; udaliiam-said; lalo daivam
iiy adau ivan-mayayaisa iii-Siïmad-llagavaiam 10.63.26;
Tlai iimc is maiciial in naiuic is conliimcd by ilcsc woids ol Siïmad-
llagavaiam (10.63.26):
"In ilc maiciial body ilcic aic aciions and icaciions ol ilc ilicc modcs ol
maiciial naiuic. Tlc iimc lacioi is ilc mosi impoiiani clcmcni and is abovc all
oilcis, bccausc ilc maiciial manilcsiaiion is cllccicd by iimc agiiaiion. Tlus
naiuial plcnomcna comc inio cxisicncc, and as soon as ilcic is ilc appcaiancc ol
plcnomcna, liuiiivc aciiviiics ai visiblc. As ilc icsuli ol ilcsc liuiiivc aciiviiics, a
living cniiiy ialcs lis loim. Hc acquiics a paiiiculai iypc ol naiuic wlicl is paclcd
up in a subilc body and gioss body loimcd by ilc lilc aii, ilc cgo, ilc icn scnsc
oigans, ilc mind, and ilc livc gioss clcmcnis. Tlcsc ilcn cicaic ilc iypc ol body
wlicl laici bccomcs ilc iooi oi causc ol vaiious oilci bodics, wlicl aic acquiicd
onc alici anoilci by ilc iiansmigiaiion ol ilc soul. All ilcsc plcnomcnal
manilcsiaiions aic ilc combincd aciions ol Youi maiciial cncigy. Unallccicd by
ilc aciion and icaciion ol dillcicni clcmcnis, You aic ilc causc ol ilis cxicinal
cncigy, and bccausc You aic iiansccndcnial io sucl compulsions ol maiciial
cncigy, You aic ilc supicmc iianquilliiy. You aic ilc lasi woid in liccdom liom
maiciial coniaminaiion. I am ilcicloic ialing slclici ai Youi loius lcc6i, giving up
all oilci slclici."¯
Tcxi 9
yad va icsam lalo 'pi sadanugaio blalianugiala-maiiaiila-svaiia-ccsiaimala-
piablava-lalsano guno yasya sa iiy aiilal. iaio 'pi iac-ccsianusaicnaiva mayaya
iai-iai-piavaiianam iii blaval.
yad va-oi; icsam-ol ilcm; lalal-iimc; api-also; sadanugaial-in accoidancc wiil;
blalianugiala-mcicy io ilc dcvoiccs; maiia-only; aiila-mwcaning; svaiia-
indcpcndcni; ccsia-aciions; aimala-pcisonal; piablava-powci; lalsanal-
claiaciciisiic; gunal-qualiiy; yasya-ol wlom; sa -Hc; iii-ilus; aiilal-ilc mcaning;
iaial-ilcn; api-also; iac-ccsianusaicna-accoiding io ilosc aciions; cva-indccd;
mayaya-by maya; iai-iai-piavaiianam-scciing ilcm inio moiion; iii-ilus; blaval-
ilc mcaning.
Oi, in anoilci inicipiciaiion, ilc woid "iai-lalanugunal" may mcan "ilc
Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad, wlo mcicilully malcs iimc lavoiablc io His
dcvoiccs".
Tcxi 10
yad uliam so 'yam lalas iasya ic 'vyalia-bandlo ccsiam alus ccsiaic ycna
visvam iii.
yai-wlai; uliam-said; so 'yam lalas iasya ic 'vyalia-bandlo ccsiam alus ccsiaic
ycna visvam iii-Siïmad-llagavaiam 10.3.26.
Tlc maiciial naiuic ol iimc is also dcsciibcd in ilcsc woids ol Siïmad-
llagavaiam (10.3.26):
"O inauguiaioi ol ilc maiciial cncigy, ilis wondcilul cicaiion woils undci ilc
coniiol ol powcilul iimc, wlicl is dividcd inio scconds, minuics, louis, and ycais.
Tlis clcmcni ol iimc, wlicl cxicnds loi many millions ol ycais, is bui anoilci
loim ol Loid Visnu. Ioi Youi pasiimcs, You aci as ilc coniiollci ol iimc, bui You
aic ilc icscivoii ol all good loiiunc. Lci mc ollci my lull suiicndci unio Youi
Loidslip."¯
Tcxi 11
iaila coblayailapi na paiavasyam iiy ayaiam. iiilam cva siï-lapiladcvo 'pi yal
lalal panca-vimsalal iii. piablavam pauiusam pialul lama clc yaio blayam iii
ca.
iaila-so; ca-and; ublayaila-in boil ways; api-also; na-noi; paiavasyam-undci
coniiol; iii-ilusd; ayaiam-aiiaincd; iiilam-ilus; cva-indccd; siï-lapiladcval-Loid
Kapiladcva; api-also; yal lalal panca-vimsalal iii. piablavam pauiusam pialul
lama clc yaio blayam iii ca-Siïmad-llagavaiam 3.26.15-16.
Tlcsc iwo vciscs alliim ilai ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad is noi undci
ilc coniiol ol iimc. Tlis is also conliimcd by Loid Kapiladcva in ilcsc woids
(Siïmad-llagavaiam 3.26.15-16):
"Tlc mixing clcmcni, wlicl is lnown as iimc, is counicd as ilc iwcniy-lilil
clcmcni. Tlc inllucncc ol ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad is lcli in ilc iimc
lacioi, wlicl causcs lcai ol dcail duc io ilc lalsc cgo il ilc dcludcd soul wlo las
coniacicd maiciial naiuic."¯
Tcxis 12 and 13
iaiia maya-vyangyaiva-puiusa-gunaiva-lalsana-maia-dvayam upanyasiavan.
aiia iasya ccsia-piablavasya blalia-vinodayaiva mullya piaviiiil. gunodbodladi-
laiyam iu iaiia svaia cva blavaiïii iaiia piaviiiy-ablasa cva. iaias ca puivo 'msal
svayam cvcii svaiupa-salici cva vilasal. paias iu iad-ablasa-iupa cvciy ablasa-
salici mayaya cvaniai-gaial. yo 'yam lalal iiy adau nimcsadil iiy uliis iu dvayoi
ablcda-vivalsayaivcii jncyam.
iaiia-ilcic; maya-ol maya; vyangyaiva-lini; puiusa-puiusa; gunaiva-modcs;
lalsana-naiuic; maia-considcicd; dvayam-iwo; upanyasiavan-said; aiia-lcic; iasya-
ol ilai; ccsia-piablavasya-aciion; blalia-vinodaya-loi ilc plcasuic ol His
dcvoiccs; cva-indccd; mullya-piimaiy; piaviiiil-aciion; gunodbodladi-laiyam-
ilc aciiviiics nilai bcgin wiil ilc manilcsiaiion ol ilc maiciial modcs ol naiuic;
iu-bui; iaiia-ilcic; svaia-pcisonally; cva-indccd; blavaii-is; iii-ilus; iaiia-ilcic;
piaviiii-ol ilc aciion; ablasa-icllcciion; cva-indccd; iaial-ilcn; ca-also; puival-
picvious; amsal-paii; svayam-pcisonally; cva-indccd; iii-ilus; svaiupa-pcisonal;
salicl-ol ilc poicncy; cva-indccd; vilasal-pasiimcs; paial-laiici; iu-bui; iad-
ablasa-iupa-icllcciion ol ilai; cva-indccd; iii-ilus; ablasa-salicl-ol ilc icllccicd
poicncy; mayaya-maya; cva-indccd; aniai-gaial-cnicicd; yo 'yam lalal iiy adau
nimcsadil iiy uliil-Siïmad-llagavaiam 10.3.26; iu-bui; dvayol-boil; ablcda-
vivalsaya-by dcsciibing as noi dillcicni; cva-indccd; iii-ilus; jncyam-io bc
undcisiood.
In ilc manilcsiaiion ol ilc maiciial woild iwo laciois aic dcsciibcd lcic. Tlc
mosi impoiiani lacioi is ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad. Tlc lcss impoiiani
lacioi is ilc maiciial poicncy maya. Tlc piimaiy puiposc loi ilc Loid's aciions is
ilc plcasuic ol His dcvoiccs. Tlc sccondaiy puiposc loi ilc Loid's aciiviiics is ilc
cicaiion ol ilc maiciial woild ol ilc ilicc modcs. Wlcn Hc acis io lullill ilc
piimaiy puiposc, ilc Loid pcisonally appcais in His oiiginal loim oi plcnaiy
cxpansion, cnjoys iiansccndcnial pasiimcs, and manilcsis His inicinal, spiiiiual
poicncy. Wlcn Hc acis io lullill ilc sccondaiy puiposc, ilc Loid manilcsis His
cxicinal, maiciial poicncy, maya, wlicl is ilc icllcciion ol His inicinal, spiiiiual
poicncy. Tlcn ilc Loid cnicis ilc maiciial woild. Tlcsc iwo puiposcs ol ilc Loid
aic dcsciibcd, wiiloui disiinguisling bciwccn ilcm, in Siïmad-llagavaiam
10.3.26 (quoicd in ilis anuccclda in icxi 10).
Tcxi 1+
aia cvam va vyallycyam yaila bliiyasyanugaio bliiyol 'nubliiyal. iailaiia
piablava-lalsanasya gunasyanugaia ablasa-iupcna guno 'nugunal. iaila ca icsam
lalo 'py anuguno na iu salsad guno yasycii.
aia-ilcn; cvam-ilus; va-oi; vyallycyam-io bc cxplaincd; yaila-as; bliiyasya-ol
a scivani; anugaial-lollowci; bliiyol-scivani; anubliiyal-scivani; iaila-so; aiia-
lcic; piablava-lalsanasya-ol ilc powci; gunasya-ol ilc modcs; anugaia-lollowing;
ablasa-icllcciion; iupcna-loim; gunal-modc; anugunal-lollowing ilc modc;
iaila-so; ca-and; icsam-ol ilcm; lalal-iimc; api-also; anugunal-lollowing; na-noi;
iu-indccd; salsai-diiccily; gunal-modc; yasya-ol wlom; iii-ilus.
In ilc woid "iai-lalanugunal" (in Siïmad-llagavaiam 7.1.S, quoicd in icxi 2
ol ilis anucclcda), ilc woid anuguna" mcans ciilci "scivani" oi icllciion".
Tlus maiciial iimc is a scivani oi icllcciion ol ilc maiciial modcs. Maiciial iimc is
ilus noi ilc samc as ilc maiciial modcs diiccily.
Anuccheda 101
Tcxi 1
nanu icsu icsu icnavcsyamanam icjal lailam na lalsyaic. iaiiala
nanu-indccd; icsu icsu-in wlaicvci; icna-by Him; avcsyamanam-cnicicd; icjal-
powci; lailam-low'; na-ilai; lalsyaic-is claiaciciizcd; iaiia-ilcic; ala-said.
Hcic somconc may asl: "Wly docs ilc Supicmc Loid noi givc cqual powcis io
all living bcings'" Tlis qucsiion is answcicd in ilc lollowing woids ol Siïmad-
llagavaiam (7.1.9):
Tcxi 2
jyoiii adii ivablaii
sanglaian na vivicyaic
vidaniy aimanam aimasilam
mailiiva lavayo 'niaial
jyoiil-liic; adil-and oilci clcmcnis; iva-jusi as; ablaii-appcai; sanglaian-liom
ilc bodics ol ilc dcmigods and oilcis; na-noi; vivicyaic-aic disiinguislcd; vidanii-
pciccivc; aimanam-ilc Supcisoul; aimasilam-siiuaicd in ilc lcaii; mailiiva-by
disccining; lavayal-cxpcii ilinlcis; aniaial-wiilin.
"Tlc all-pcivading Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad cxisis wiilin ilc lcaii ol cvciy
living bcing, and an cxpcii ilinlci can pciccivc low Hc is picscni ilcic io a laigc
oi small cxicni. Jusi as onc can undcisiand ilc supply ol liic in wood, ilc waici in
a waicipoi, oi ilc sly wiilin a poi, onc can undcisiand wlcilci a living cniiiy is a
dcmon oi a dcmigod by undcisianding ilai living cniiiy's dcvoiional
pciloimanccs. A ilouglilul man can undcisiand low mucl a pcison is lavoicd by
ilc Supicmc Loid by sccing lis aciions."¯
Tcxi 3
yadyapi icsu icsu nija-icjo-'mscnavisio 'sau zanglaiai sammisiaivan na
vivicyaic. laulilaii vivclium na salyaic. iailapi lavayo vivcla-nipuna aniaio
mailiiva iasyapi salayyam icnapi yuddlam iiy adilasamblavaiila-niscdlcna
vivicya iad-amscnaima-silam iai iad aimani piavisiam aimanam ïsvaiam vidanii
jananii.
yadyapi-alilougl; icsu icsu-in ilcm; nija-icjo-'mscna-wiil a paii ol His
poicncy; avisial-cnicicd; asau-ilai; zanglaiai-liom ilc bodics; sammisiaivai-
bccausc ol bcing mixcd; na-noi; vivicyaic-is disiinguislcd; laulilail-by oidinaiy
pcisons; vivclium-io disiinguisl; na-noi; salyaic-is ablc; iailapi-siill; lavayal-ilc
wisc; vivcla-nipuna-cxpcii ai disiinguisling; aniaial-liom ilc cnd; mailiiva-
disccining; iasya-ol ilai; api-also; salayyam-lclp; icna-by ilai; api-also; yuddlam-
io ligli; iii-ilus; adila-bcginning; asamblava-impossiblc; aiila-mcaning;
niscdlcna-by ilc piolibiiion; vivicya-disccining; iad-amscna-wiil a paii; aima-
silam-siiuaicd in ilc lcaii; iai iai-ilai; aimani-in ilc lcaii; piavisiam-cnicicd;
aimanam-aima; ïsvaiam-ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; vidanii-lnow;
jananii-lnow.
Alilougl, biinging paii ol His iiansccndcnial poicncics, ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad pcisonally cnicis ilc bodics (sanglaiai) ol cvciy living
bcing, and oidinaiy pcisons cannoi pciccivc (na vivicyaic) His picscncc in ilcii
bodics, ncvciilclcss ilc wisc (lavayal), wlo aic lillcd wiil iiansccndcnial
lnowlcdgc, can undcisiand (aniaio mailiiva vidanii) ilai ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy
ol Godlcad (aimanam) las cnicicd wiilin ilcii lcaiis (aima-silam).
Tcxi +
iaiia lciu-gaiblo disianial yasmai iai icjal jyoiii adil padaiila ivablaii
diasiisv iii viscsal. ayam aiilal. yaila ncdam mancs icjal puivam adaisanai.
liniu iad-aiapa-samyogcna sauiam icja cvaiia piavisiam iii suiyalaniadau iinadi-
dalcna iad-anublavisu iada blaii. yaila ca puivavad cva vayoi ayam gandlal
paiiliva cva piavisia iii icsv ablaii. iailaiiapïii.
iaiia-ilcic; lciu-gaiblal-ilc icason; disianial-an cxamplc; yasmai-liom
wlom; iai-ilai; icjal-powci; jyoiil-ligli; adil-bcginning; padaiila-ilc mcaning ol
ilc woid; iva-as il; ablaii-is manilcsicd; diasiisv-among ilc sccis; iii-ilus; viscsal-
spccilic; ayam-ilis; aiilal-mcaning; yaila-as; na-noi; idam-ilis; mancl-ol a jcwcl;
icjal-ligli; puivam-bcloic; adaisanai-liom noi sccing; liniu-lowcvci; iad-aiapa-
samyogcna-in conncciion wiil lcaii; sauiam-ilc sun; icja-ligli; cva-indccd; aiia-
lcic; piavisiam-cnicicd; iii-ilus; suiyalaniadau-bcginning wiil ilc Suiyalania
jcwcl; iinadi-dalcna-by a liic ol siiaw ioi oilci lilc ilings; iad-anublavisu-by
pciccpiion; iada-ilcn; blaii-is manilcsicd; yaila-as; ca-and; puivavai-as bcloic;
cva-indccd; vayol-ol aii; ayam-ilis; gandlal-liagiancc; paiiliva-caiil; cva-indccd;
piavisia-cnciicd; iii-ilus; icsv-in ilcm; ablaii-is maniclsicd; iaila-so; aiia-lcic;
api-indccd; iii-ilus.
Hcic an cxamplc is givcn in ilc woids "jyoiii-adii ivablaii", wlicl mcan "as
ligli and oilci ilings aic manilcsicd bcloic ilcy wlo can scc". Hcic is ilc
mcaning: As a Suiyalania jcwcl oi oilci jcwcl las no ligli ol iis own, bui only
slincs wlcn ilc sun slincs upon ii, as siiaw oi oilci llammablc objccis do noi
lavc liic ol ilcmsclvcs, bui only buisi inio llamcs wlcn in coniaci wiil a buining
objcci, and as ilc wind las no liagiancc ol iiscll, bui mcicly caiiics ilc liagianccs
ol ilc caiil and oilci objccis, so ilc living cniiiics lavc no powci unlcss ilc
Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad cnicis ilcm and givcs ilcm powci."
Tcxi 5
ailava nanv cvam iaiia iaiia iaiiavcsiiail sva-icjoblii cva liïdaiïiy ayaiam.
lailam iaili iaii api liïdaiïii disyaic. iaiiala jyoiii iii.
ailava-oi; nanv-indccd; cvam-ilus; iaiia-ilcic; iaiia-ilcic; iaiia-ilcic;
avcsiiail-cnicicd; sva-icjoblil-wiil His own powci; cva-indccd; liïdaii-cnjoys
pasiimcs; iii-ilus; ayaiam-aiiaincd; lailam-low'; iaili-ilcn; iail-wiil ilcm; api-
also; liïdaii-cnjoys pasiimcs; iii-ilus; disyaic-is sccn; iaiia-ilcic; ala-said; jyoiil-
ligli; iii-ilus.
Hcic somconc may asl: "Wlcicvci Hc gocs, ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad cnjoys pasiimcs wiil His iiansccndcnial poicncics. In ilis siiuaiion low
docs Hc cnjoy pasiimcs wiil ilcm'" Tlis qucsiion is answcicd lcic in ilc passagc
bcginning wiil ilc woid "jyoiil".
Tcxi 6
yaila calsui-adi-jyoiiiblil svamsc iupa-maiic 'pi pialasyamanc gandladi-
guna-pancala mid cvasau pialasaia iii piaiïyaic. yaila ca lainadi-nablasa svamsc
sabda-maiic 'pi gilyamanc dundublii cvasav iii piaiïyaic. iac ca iai-iad-gunanam
sammisiaivad cva blavaii. na vasiuial. iaila lavaya aimanam ïsvaiam iai-iai-
sanglaia-silaivcnanyaiva viviliam api aima-silam svamsa-icjoblii cva liïdaniam
jananiïiy aiilal.
yaila-as; calsul-cycs; adi-bcginning; jyoiiiblil-wiil ligli; svamsc-in His paii;
iupa-maiic-in ilc liom; api-also; pialasyamanc-manilcsiing; gandla-liagiancc;
adi-bcginning; guna-qualiiy; pancala-livc; mii-caiil; cva-indccd; asau-Hc;
pialasaia-is maniclsicd; iii-ilus; piaiïyaic-is undcisiood; yaila-as; ca-also; laina-
cais; adi-bcginning; nablasa-wiil ilc sly; svamsc-in His paii; sabda-maiic-only
sound; api-also; gilyamanc-is acccpicd; dundublil-a dundubli dium; cva-indccd;
asau-ilis; iii-ilus; piaiïyaic-is undcisiood; iac-ilai; ca-and; iai-iad-gunanam-ol
ilcsc qualiiics; sammisiaivai-bccauzsc ol ilc mixiuic; cva-indccd; blavaii-is; na-
noi; vasiuial-in iiuil; iaila-so; lavaya-ilc wisc; aimanam-ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; ïsvaiam-ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; iai-iai-
sanglaia-silaivcna-siaying in ilc bopdics ol ilc living cniiiics; anya-anoilci; cva-
indccd; viviliam-io discccin; api-also; aima-silam-siiuaicd in ilc lcaii; svamsa-
own paii; icjoblil-wiil ilc poicncics; cva-indccd; liïdaniam-cnjoying pasiimcs;
jananii-lnows; iii-ilus; aiilal-ilc mcaning.
As loims aic manilcsi bcloic ilc cycs, as liagiancc, loim, sound, iasic, and
ioucl aic scpaiaicly manilcsi in ilc caiil, and as ilc sound ol a dundubli dium is
manilcsicd in ilc cai, so ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad is manilcsicd in ilc
lcaii. Tlc wisc lnow ilai ilc Loid in ilc lcaii cnjoys pasiimcs ilcic wiil His
iiansccndcnial poicncics.
Anuccheda 102
Tcxi 1
iad cvam yuddladi-nija-lïlablii blalia-vinodanam cva piayojanam. visva-
palanam iu iaial svaia cva sidlyaiïiy uliva sisii-pialayayol pialiiïlsanadav api
saivasanla-niiasaiilam aii-disan icsv apy aviscsam ala
iai-ilai; cvam-ilus; yuddladi-nija-lïlablil-wiil pasiimcs bcginning wiil
ligliing; blalia-vinodanam-ilc plcasuic pol ilc dcvoiccs; cva-indccd;
piayojanam-nccd; visva-palanam-pioicciion ol ilcw woild; iu-indccd; iaial-ilcn;
svaia-pcisonally; cva-indccd; sidlyaii-is piovcd; iii-ilus; uliva-saying; sisii-
pialayayol-ol cicaiion and annililaiion; pialiiïlsanadav-bcginning wiil a glancc
ai ilc maiciial cncigy; api-also; saivasanla-all doubis; niiasa-icluiing; aiilam-
puiposc; aii-disan-slowing; icsv-in ilcm; api-also; aviscsam-noi spccilic; ala-said.
Tlus, io plcasc His dcvoiccs, ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad cnjoys
pasiimcs ol ligliing and oilci pasiimcs also. ,Tlc Loid also mainiains ilc maiciial
woild, and, wiil a glancc ai ilc maiciial cncigy also cicaics and dcsiioys ilc
maiciial woild. Any doubis aboui ilis aic dispcllcd in ilc ilicc vciscs (Siïmad-
llagavaiam 7.1.10-12) ilai bcgin wiil ilcsc woids ol Siïmad-llagavaiam
(7.1.10):
Tcxi 2
yada sisilsul puia aimanal paio
iajal sijaiy csa piilal sva-mayaya
saiivam viciiiasu iiiamsui ïsvaial
sayisyamanas iama ïiayaiy asau
yada-wlcn; sisilsul-dcsiiing io cicaic; puia-maiciial bodics; aimanal-loi ilc
living cniiiics; paial-ilc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; iajal-ilc modc ol passion; sijaii-
manilcsis; csa-Hc; piilal-scpaiaicly, picdomincnily; sva-mayaya-by His own
cicaiivc cncigy; saiivam-ilc modc ol goodncss; viciiiasu-in vaiious iypcs ol
bodics; iiiamsul-dcsiiing io aci; ïsvaial-ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad;
sayisyamanal-bcing aboui io concludc; iama-ilc modc ignoiancc; ïiayaii-causcs io
iisc; asau-ilai Supicmc.
"Wlcn ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad cicaics ilc dillcicni iypcs ol
bodics, ollciing a paiiiculai body io cacl living cniiiy accoiding io lis claiacici
and liuiiivc aciions, ilc Loid icvivcs all ilc qualiiics ol maiciial naiuic - saiiva-
guna, iajo-guna, and iamo-guna. Tlcn, as ilc Supcisoul, Hc cnicis cacl body and
inllucnccs ilc qualiiics ol cicaiion, mainicnancc, and annililaiion, using saiiva-
guna loi mainicnancc, iajo-guna loi cicaiion, and iamo-guna loi annililaiion."¯
Tcxi 3
yada yaiia sva-ccsia-lalsanc lalc csa paial paiamcsvaial sva-mayaya blalia-
lipaya aimanal puial piacïna-sisii-gaia-sadlala-blalia-iupani svasyadlisilanani
sisilsui blavaii. pialiiya sala cicsu lïncsu aviiblavanaiilam ïlsam laioii. iada
piilal svaiupa-salici iiaiasau jïva-mayallya saliil puivavai iac-ccsiaimala-
piablavablasoddïpia iajal sijaii. svamsa-bluiad guna-iiaya-samyad avyaliai iad
vilsipaii. udbodlayaiïii va.
yada-wlcn; yaiia-wlcic; sva-ccsia-lalsanc-claiaciciizcd by His own aciions;
lalc-in iimc; csa-Hc; paial-ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; paiamcsvaial-
ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; sva-mayaya-by His own maya poicncy;
blalia-lipaya-by mcicy io His dcvoiccs; aimanal-ol ilc scll; puial-bcloic;
piacïna-sisii-gaia-in cicaiion; sadlala-blalia-iupani-ilc loims ol His aspiiing
dcvoiccs; svasya-ol Him; adlisilanani-cicaiions; sisilsul-dcsiiing io cicaic;
blavaii-is; pialiiya sala-wiil His maicwiial cncigy; cicsu-in ilcm; lïncsu-mcigcd;
aviiblavanaiilam-loi ilc salc ol manilcsiaiion; ïlsam-glancc; laioii-docs; iada-
ilcn; piilal-scpaiaic; svaiupa-salicl-ol His pcisonal poicncy; iiaiasau-anoilci;
jïva-mayallya-callcd jiva-maya; saliil-poicncy; puivavai-as bcloic; iac-ccsia-His
aciions; aimala-piablava-His powcis; ablasoddïpia-splcndid; iajal-passion; sijaii-
cicaics; svamsa-His own paii; bluiai-manilcsicd; guna-iiaya-samyai-liom ilc
cquilibiium ol ilc ilicc modcs; avyaliai-liom ilc unmanilcsicd; iai-ilai;
vilsipaii-manilcsis; udbodlayaii-causcs io bc boin; iii-ilus; va-oi.
Hcic ilc woid "yada" mcans "ai ilc iimc wlcn ilc Loid acicd in ilai way",
"csa paial" mcans ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad", "sva-mayaya" mcans
wiil mcicy io His dcvoiccs", "aimanal puial sisilsul" mcans "bcloic ilc
maiciial woild was manilcsicd, ilc Loid dcsiicd io cicaic icsidcnccs loi His
aspiiing dcvoiccs", "piilal asau" mcans "wiil His inicinal poicncy Hc manilcsicd
ilc poicncy callcd jïva-maya (ilc individual spiiii souls) as ii lad bccn bcloic",
and iajal sijaii" mcans "Hc manilcsicd oi cicaicd ilc modc ol passion liom ilc
unmanilcsicd (avyalia), wlcic ilc ilicc modcs lad bccn siiuaicd in cquilibiium".
Tcxi +
yad va piilan mayanugaia csa lala cva sijaii. iailasau-padcna ca lala cvocyaic.
aila viciiiasu nana-guna-vaiciiiï-maiisu ial-lalsanasu puisu yada ianium icclui
blavaii. iadasau saiivam sijaii. yada punas iablii cva miliiva sayisyamanal
sayiium icclui blavaiïiy aiilal.iadasau iamal sijaiïii. iaio blalia-nimiiiam cva
saiva cva sisiy-adi-liiyal piavaiiania iii blaval.
yad va-oi; piilan-scpaiaic; mayanugaia-lollowing maya; csa-ilis; lala-iimc;
cva-indccd; sijaii-cicaics; iaila-so; asau-Hc; padcna-wiil ilc woid; ca-and; lala-
iimc; cva-indccd; ucyaic-is; aila-ilcn; viciiiasu-viciiiasu; nana-guna-vaiciiiï-
maiisu-in ilc vaiicgaicd manilcsiaiion ol ilc maiciial modcs; ial-lalsanasu-
claiaciciizcd in ilai way; puisu-manilcsicd; yada-wlcn; ianium-ip cnjoy; icclul-
dcsiiing; blavaii-is; iada-ilcn; asau-Hc; saiivam-goodncss; sijaii-cicaics; yada-
wlcn; punal-again; iablil-wiil ilcm; cva-indccd; miliiva-mcciing; sayisyamanal-
aboui io icclinc; sayiium-io icclinc; icclul-dcsiics; blavaii-is; iii-ilus; aiilal-ilc
mcaning;.iada-ilcn; asau-Hc; iamal-ignoiancc; sijaii-cicaics; iii-ilus; iaial-ilcn;
blalia-nimiiiam-ilc causc ol ilc dcvoiccs; cva-indccd; saiva-all; cva-indccd; sisiy-
adi-liiyal-aciiviiics bcginning wiil cicaiion; piavaiianic-aic; iii-ilus; blaval-ilc
mcaning.
Hcic ilc woid "viciiiasu" mcans "wlcn ilc modcs ol naiuic aic manilcsicd in
all ilcii vaiiciy", saiivam" mcans "wlcn ilc Loid dcsiics io cnjoy pasiimcs, Hc
cicaics ilc modc ol goodncss", sayisyamanal" mcans "wlcn ilc Loid dcsiics io
icsi", and "iamal" mcans "ilcn Hc cicaics ilc modc ol goodncss". Tlcsc aciiviiics
ol cicaiion, mainicnancc, and annililaiion aic all donc loi ilc salc ol His
dcvoiccs. Tlai is ilc mcaning.
Tcxi 5
yailangï-liiam cladasasya iiiïyc iïla-lidblii api lim aiilam sasaija. sva-
maiiaima-piasiddlayc svam mimiic piamimïyaic ya aimanam upasic sa sva-maia.
iasyaimano jïvasya pialisiayai siddlayc iii.
yaila-as; angï-liiam-acccpicd; cladasasya-ol ilc clcvcnil canio; iiiïyc-in ilc
iliid clapici; iïla-lidblil-by ilc auiloi ol ilc commcniaiy; api-also; lim
aiilam-wly'; sasaija-cicaicd; sva-maiiaima-piasiddlayc-sva-maiiaima-
piasiddlayc; svam-own; mimiic-cicaicd; piamimïyaic-cicaicd; ya-wlo; aimanam-
scll; upasic-woislipcd; sa-Hc; sva-maia-considcicd Himscll; iasya-ol Him;
aimanal-ilc scll; jïvasya-ol ilc individual spiiii soul; pialisiayai-io malc cxalicd;
siddlayc-loi pcilcciion; iii-ilus.
Siïla Siïdlaia Svamï cxplains (in lis commcniaiy on Siïmad-llagavaiam
11.3.3):
"Wly did ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad cicaic ilc maiciial woild' Tlc
answci is givcn lcic in ilc woid sva-maiiaima-piasiddlayc', wlicl mcans so ilc
individual spiiii souls wlo woislip Him may aiiain pcilcciion'."
Tcxi 6
sayanam aiia puiusavaiaiasya ladacii pialayodadlau yoga-nidia ladacid
blagavai-piavcso va. yadyapi saivcsv api jïvcsu aniaiyamiiaya paiamcsvaias
iisilaii. iailapi iaiiasamsaliaivad siliia cva blavaii. iad-blalicsu iu
samasaliaivan na iailcii. na ca iai-sangadau iasyccclcii yailolia-vyallyanam cva
balavai.
sayanam-icsiing; aiia-lcic; puiusavaiaiasya-ol ilc puiusa-avaiaia; ladacii-
somciimcs; pialayodadlau-on ilc occan ol cosmic annililaiion; yoga-nidia-mysiic
slccp; ladacii-somciimcs; blagavai-piavcsal-ilc cniiancc ol ilc Loid; va-oi;
yadyapi-also; saivcsv-in all; api-also; jïvcsu-spiiii souls; aniaiyamiiaya-as ilc
Supcisoul icsiding in ilc lcaii; paiamcsvaial-ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad; iisilaii-siays; iailapi-ncvciilclcss; iaiia-ilcic; asamsaliaivai-bccausc ol
noi bcing aiiaclcd; siliia-siaying; cva-indccd; blavaii-is; iad-blalicsu-in His
dcvoiccs; iu-indccd; samasaliaivan-bccausc ol bcing aiiaclcd; na-noi; iaila-so; iii-
ilus; na-noi; ca-and; iai-sangadau-bcginnign wiil ilcii associaiion; iasya-ol Him;
iccla-dcsiic; iii-ilus; yaila-as; ulia-said; vyallyanam-cxplanaiion; cva-indccd;
balavai-as powcilul.
Somciimcs ilc puiusa-avaiaia icsis in mysiic slccp (yoga-nidia) on ilc occan ol
cosmic annililaiion, and somciimcs Hc pcisonally cnicis ilc maiciial woild.
Alilougl Hc pcisonally icsidcs in ilc lcaiis ol all living bcings, ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad is noi ai all aiiaclcd io anyiling in ilc maiciial woild.
Howcvci, ilc Loid is aiiaclcd io His dcvoiccs, and Hc dcsiics ilcii company. In
ilis way ilc Loid is boil aiiaclcd and noi aiiaclcd.
Tcxi 7
iaila ca blagavad-upanisadal mai-silani saiva-bluiani na calam icsv
avasiliial na ca mai-silani bluiani pasya mc yogam aisvaiam iii. yc blajanii iu
mam blaliya mayi ic icsu capy alam iii ca.
iaila-so; ca-and; blagavad-upanisadal-in llagavad-giia; mai-silani saiva-
bluiani na calam icsv avasiliial na ca mai-silani bluiani pasya mc yogam
aisvaiam iii-llagavad-giia 9.+-5; yc blajanii iu mam blaliya mayi ic icsu capy
alam iii-blagavad-giia 9.29; ca-and.
Tlai Hc is boil aiiaclcd and noi aiiaclcd is conliimcd by ilc Supicmc
Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad Himscll in ilcsc woids ol Siï llagavad-gïia (9.+-5 and
9.29):
"All bcings aic in Mc, bui I am noi in ilcm. And yci cvciyiling ilai is cicaicd
docs noi icsi in Mc. lclold My mysiic opulcncc!"¯
"lui wlocvci icndcis scivicc unio Mc in dcvoiion is a liicnd, is in Mc, and I
am also a liicnd io lim."¯
Tcxi S
uliam ca laii-blalii-sudlodayc
blalianam lidayam saniam
sa-siiyo mc piiyam gilam
vasami iaiia soblaiva
vailunilallyadi-vainana. iii.
uliam-said; ca-also; laii-blalii-sudlodayc-in Haii-blalii-sudlodaya;
blalianam-ol ilc dcvoiccs; lidayam-ilc lcaii; saniam-pcacclul; sa-siiyal-wiil
ilc goddcss ol loiiunc; mc-io Mc; piiyam-dcai; gilam-lomc; vasami-I icsidc;
iaiia-ilcic; sobla-gloiy; cva-indccd; vailunila-Vailunila; allya-callcd; adi-
bcginning; vainana-dcsciipiion; iii-ilus.
In Haii-blalii-sudlodaya (1+.57), ilc Supicmc Loid again cxplains:
"Tlc pcacclul lcaiis ol My dcvoiccs aic ilc lomcs ilc goddcss ol loiiunc and I
lilc bcsi. I icsidc in ilosc lomcs and I call ilcm Vailunila."
Anuccheda 103
Tcxi 1
cvam piasangcna sisii-pialayav api vyallyaya punal palanam cva vyacalsanal
pialaianam upasamlaiaii saidlcna
cvam-ilus; piasangcna-by coniaci; sisii-pialayav-cicaiion and annililaiion; api-
also; vyallyaya-io bc cxplaincd; punal-again; palanam-pioicciion; cva-indccd;
vyacalsanal-cxplanaiion; pialaianam-cxplanaiion; upasamlaiaii-concludcs;
saidlcna-wiil lall.
Tlus ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad aiiangcs loi ilc cicaiion,
dcsiiuciion, and mainicnancc ol ilc maiciial woilds. Tlc ncxi vcisc givcs ilc
summaiy ol ilis conclusion (Siïmad-llagavaiam 7.1.11-12):
Tcxi 2
lalam caianiam sijaiïsa asiayam
piadlana-pumblyam naia-dcva saiya-lii
ya csa iajann api lala ïsiia
saiivam suianïlam ivaidlayaiy aial
iai-piaiy-anïlan asuian suia-piiyo
iajas-iamaslan piaminoiy uiu-siaval
lalam-iimc; caianiam-moving; sijaii-cicaics; ïsa-ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad; asiayam-slclici; piadlana-loi ilc maiciial cncigy; pumblyam-and ilc
living cniiiy; naia-dcva-O iulci ol mcn; saiya-lii-iiuc cicaioi; ya-wlicl; csa-ilis;
iajann-O ling; api-cvcn; lala-iimc; ïsiia-ilc Supicmc Loid; saiivam-ilc modc ol
goodncss; suianïlam-numbcis ol dcmigods; iva-cciiainly; cdlayaii-causcs io
incicasc; aial-lcncc; iai-piaiy-anïlan-inimical io ilcm; asuian-ilc dcmons; suia-
piiyal-bcging ilc liicnd ol ilc dcmigods; iajas-iamaslan-covcicd by passion and
ignoisancc; piaminoii-dcsiioys; uiu-siaval-wlosc gloiics aic widcspicad.
"O gicai ling, ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad, ilc coniiollci ol ilc
spiiiiual and maiciial cncigics, wlo is cciiainly ilc cicaioi ol ilc cniiic cosmos,
cicaics ilc iimc lacioi io allow ilc maiciial cncigy and ilc living cniiiy io aci
wiilin ilc limiis ol iimc. Tlus ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy is ncvci undci ilc iimc
lacioi noi undci ilc maiciial cncigy.¯
"O ling, ilis iimc lacioi cnlanccs ilc saiiva-guna. Tlus alilougl ilc Supicmc
Loid is ilc coniiollci, lc lavois ilc dcmigods, wlo aic mosily siiuaicd in saiiva-
guna. Tlcn ilc dcmons, wlo aic inllucnccd by iamo-guna, aic annililaicd. Tlc
Supicmc Loid induccs ilc iimc lacioi io aci in dillcicni ways, bui Hc is ncvci
paiiial. Railci, His aciiviiics aic gloiious. Tlcicloic Hc is callcd Uiusiava."¯
Tcxi 3
saiya-lii svaiupa-salii-vilascnaiva svayam paiamaiila-saiya-liiyaviiblavala
cva san sva-ccsia-iupam lalam sijaii vyanjayaii.
saiya-lii-saiya-lii; svaiupa-salii-vilascna-wiil ilc pasiimcs ol His pcisonal
poicncy; cva-indccd; svayam-pcisonally; paiamaiila-ilci supicmc goal; saiya-
liiya-aciiviiics ol goodncss; aviiblavala-manilcsiing; cva-indccd; san-biing so;
sva-ccsia-iupam-ilc loim ol His own aciiviiics; lalam-iimc; sijaii-cicaics;
vyanjayaii-manilcsis.
Hcic ilc woid "saiya-lii" mcans "cmploying ilc pasiimcs ol His pcisonal
poicncy, Hc manilcsis ilc iiuc aciiviiics ilai lcad io ilc supicmc goal ol lilc", and
lalam sijaii" mcans "Hc Himscll manilcsis iimc".
Tcxi +
lim luivaniam. piadlana-pumblyam ca caianiam iai-iai-sambandlanam
sadlala-blalianam dcvadi-piavisiam nija-icjo-'msanam ca salayya-lcioi cva
sijyamanaiaya uipaiiyaivavyalia-jïva-sanglaiablyam caianiam. aia cva
sannidlancnaiva iayos iai-iad-avasilanam asiayam udblava-lcium ca.
lim-wlai'; luivaniam-doing; piadlana-pumblyam-maiici and ilc living
cniiiy; ca-and; caianiam-doping; iai-iai-vaiious; -sambandlanam-ol iclaiionslips;
sadlala-blalianam-ol ilc sadlana-blalias; dcvadi-bcginning wiil ilc dcmigods;
piavisiam-cnicicd; nija-icjal-own powci; amsanam-ol paiis; ca-and; salayya-
lciol-loi ilc puiposi ol lclping; cva-indccd; sijyamanaiaya-as cicaiing; uipaiiya-
manilcsiing; cva-indccd; avyalia-unmanilcsicd; jïva-sanglaiablyam-and
individlual souls; caianiam-moving; aia cva-ilcicloic; sannidlancna-by puiiing
iogcilci; cva-indccd; iayol-ol ilc iwo; iai-iad-avasilanam-vaiious siaics ol bcing;
asiayam-slclici; udblava-lcium-ilc causc ol cicaiion; ca-and.
How docs ilc Loid do ilis (sci iimc in moiion)' Tlai is answcicd wiil ilc
woids "piadlana-pumblyam caianiam", wlicl mcan "appcaiing in ilc loims ol
His paiiial incainaiions, ilc Loid cnicis ilc dcmigods, wlo aic lis sadlala
dcvoiccs, and lclps ilcm in ilc aciiviiics ol cicaiion. Tlus lc biings iogcilci ilc
unmanilcsicd maiciial cncigy and ilc individual spiiii souls." In ilis way ilc
cicaiion (asiayam) ol vaiious dillcicni condiiions ol lilc is cicaicd.
Tcxi 5
naiadcvcii sambodlancna yaila nijclaya mullyam cva laiyam luivaias iava
iayaivanyad api lsudiaiaiam svayam cva sidlyaii. iadvad ilapïii bodliiam. iaio ya
csa ccsia-iupal lalal. sa saiivam saiiva-piadlanam suianïlam cdlayaiïva. iaia cva
iai-piaiy-anïlan iajas-iamal-piadlanan asuian piaminoiïva linasiïva. yc iu
dcvcsu blalia asuicsu blalia-vidvcsinas ian svayam palayaii linasii caivcii
puivam cvoliam. yasmai iac-ccsia-lalsanasya lalasyaivam vaiia. iasmad ïsiiapi
cdlayaiïva piaminoiïva ccii. lc iajann iii puivablipiayam cva.
naiadcva-naiadcva; iii-ilus; sambodlancna-in ilc vocaiivc casc; yaila-as;
nijclaya-wiil His own aciion; mullyam-piimaiy; cva-indccd; laiyam-aciion;
luivaial-doing; iava-ol You; iaya-by ilis; cva-indccd; anyai-anoilci; api-cvcn;
lsudiaiaiam-moic insignilicani; svayam-pcisonally; cva-indccd; sidlyaii-is
concludcd; iadvai-lilc ilai; ila-lcic; api-also; iii-ilus; bodliiam-cxplaincd; iaial-
ilcn; ya-wlo; csa-Hc; ccsia-iupal-ilc loim ol aciions; lalal-iimc; sa-ilai;
saiivam-saiiva; saiiva-piadlanam-ilc saiiva unmanilcsicd modc; suianïlam-many
dcmigods; cdlayaii-incicasccs; iva-asil; iaia-ilcn; cva-indccd; iai-ilai; piaiy-
anïlan-cncmics; iajas-iamal-piadlanan-piimaiily in passion and ignoiancc;
asuian-dcmons; piaminoii-dcsiioys; iva-as il; linasiïva-dcsiioys; yc-wlo; iu-bui;
dcvcsu-in ilc dcmigods; blalia-dcvoiccs; asuicsu-in ilc dcmons; blalia-
vidvcsinal-ilcy wlo laic ilc dcvoiccs; ian-ilcm; svayam-pcisonally; palayaii-
dcpioiccis; linasii-dcsiioys; ca-and; cva-indccd; iii-ilus; puivam-bcloic; cva-
indccd; uliam-said; yasmai-liom wlicl; iac-ccsia-His aciions; lalsanasya-
claiacciiizcd; lalasya-ol iimc; cvam-ilus; vaiia-ilc ncws; iasmai-liom ilai; ïsiia-
ilc coniiollci; api-also; cdlayaiïva-incicascs; piaminoii-dcsiioys; iva-lilc; ca-and;
iii-ilus; lc-O; iajann-ling; iii-ilus; puiva-picvious; ablipiayam-mcaning; cva-
indccd.
Hcic ilc woid "naiadcva", wlicl is in ilc vocaiivc casc, mcans "simply by
Youi dcsiic woiily aciions aic donc. Aciions ilai You do noi dcsiic io bc donc aic
unwoiily and unimpoiiani." Tlis vcisc mcans: "Tlis iimc lacioi cnlanccs ilc
saiiva-guna. Tlus alilougl ilc Supicmc Loid is ilc coniiollci, lc lavois ilc
dcmigods, wlo aic mosily siiuaicd in saiiva-guna. Tlcn ilc dcmons, wlo aic
inllucnccd by iamo-guna, aic annililaicd." In ilis way ilc Loid pioiccis ilc
dcmigods and dcsiioys ilc dcmons, wlo laic ilc Loid's dcvoiccs. Tlis las bccn
cxplaincd in picvious passagcs. Tlcsc aciiviiics aic caiiicd oui by iimc. lccausc Hc
is ilc coniiollci (ïsiia) ol iimc, ii is ilc Supicmc Loid wlo pioiccis ilc dcvoiccs
and dcsiioys ilc dcmons.
Tcxi 6
nanu yadi ccsiiul piayojanam na blavaii. iaili lailam ladapy asuian api sva-
palsan vidlaya dcvaii na yudlyaic. iaiiala suia-piiyal.
nanu-indccd; yadi-il; ccsiiul-ol ilc acioi; piayojanam-nccd; na-noi; blavaii-is;
iaili-ilcn; lailam-low'; ladapi-somciimcs; asuian-dcmons; api-cvcn; sva-
palsan-own sidc; vidlaya-placing; dcvail-wiil ilc dcmigods; na-noi; yudlyaic-is
lougli; iaiia-ilcic; ala-said; suia-piiyal-ilc woids bcginning wiil "suia-piiyal"..
Hcic somconc may asl: "Il Hc is scll-sullicicni and ncvci in nccd ol anyiling
cxicinal io lullill His dcsiics, wly docs ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad ncvci
ialc ilc sidc ol ilc dcmons and ligli wiil ilcm againsi ilc dcmigods'"
Tlis qucsiion is answcicd lcic by ilc woid "suia-piiyal" (Hc is ilc liicnd ol
ilc dcmigods).
Tcxi 7
suicsu vaiiamanal piiya blalia yasya sal. saiiva-piadlancsu suicsu piayasas
icsam saivcsam anugamancnaiva iasyanugamanam. ladacid bilaspaiy-adisu
malaisv apaiadlc iu icsam malinycna suiaivaccladanai icsam iasya caiicsv
ananugamanam syad iii.jaya-lalc iu saiivasya iiy ady uliam iii blaval.
suicsu-among ilc dcmigods; vaiiamanal-bcing so; piiya-dcai; blalia-dcvoiccs;
yasya-ol wlom; sal-Hc; saiiva-piadlancsu-maninly in goodncss; suicsu-in ilc
dcmigods; piayasal-mainly; icsam-ol ilcm; saivcsam-ol all; anugamancna-by
lollowing; cva-indccd; iasya-ol Him; anugamanam-lollowing; ladacii-somciimcs;
bilaspaiy-adisu-lcadcd by lilaspaii; malaisv-gicai souls; apaiadlc-ollcnsc; iu-
bui; icsam-ol ilcm; malinycna-by coniaminaiion; suiaiva-siaius as dcmigods;
accladanai-bccausc ol covciing; icsam-ol ilcm; iasya-ol Him; ca--and; cicsu-in
ilcm; ananugamanam-noi lollowing; syai-may bc; iii-ilus;.jaya-lalc-ai ilc iimc ol
vicioiy; iu-bui; saiivasya-ol goodncss; iii-ilus; adi-bcginning; uliam-said; iii-ilus;
blaval-ilc mcaning.
Tlc woid "suia-piiyal" lcic mcans "Hc wlo las many dcai dcvoiccs among
ilc ianls ol ilc dcmigods". Tlc Loid is also lavoiablc io ilc dcmigods bccausc
ilcy aic mosily in ilc modc ol goodncss. Howcvci, somciimcs ilc dcmigods
bccomc coniaminaicd bccausc ol ollcnscs io lilaspaii and oilci gicai souls. Wlcn
ilcii siaius as iiuc dcmigods is ilus covcicd ovci by ollcnscs, ilc Supicmc Loid is
no longci lavoiablc io ilcm. Tlis is dcsciibcd in Siïmad-llagavaiam 7.1.S (quoicd
lcic in anucclcda 100, icxi 2). In ilis way ilc mcaning is cxplaincd.
Tcxi S
nanu lailam ic 'pi ian nanugacclanii. iaiiala iajas-iamaslan iii. aiyania-
blagavad-baliimullaia-laiayos iayoi gunayoi aiocalaivad cvcii blaval.
nanu-indccd; lailam-low'; ic-ilcy; api-also; ian-icm; na-noi; anugacclanii-aic
lavoiablc; iaiia-ilcic; ala-said; iajas-iamaslan-iajas-iamaslan; iii-ilus; aiyania-
gicai; blagavai-ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; baliimullaia-bcing ouisidc;
laiayol-ilc causcs; iayol-ol ilc iwo; gunayol-modcs; aiocalaivai-bccausc ol
bcing displcasing; cva-indccd; iii-ilus; blaval-ilc mcaning.
Hcic somconc may asl: "Wly is ilc Loid ai ilai iimc noi lavoiablc io ilc
dcmigods'" Tlc answci is givcn lcic in ilc woids "iajas-iamaslan" (ilcn ilcy aic
covcicd by passion and ignoiancc). Tlc modcs ol passion and ignoiancc pusl onc
lai away liom ilc Supicmc Loid. Tlai is bccausc ilcsc iwo modcs aic vciy
displcasing io Him. Tlai is ilc mcaning.
Tcxi 9
iaily asau sa-daivasuianam nigialam cva laioiïiy anyailapy asamanjasyam iiy
asanlyala uiu-siaval. vaiicna yam nipaiayal iii. alo balï yam siana-lalaluiam
iiy adiblii uiu saivaio visiiam malaiiamam va siaval lïiiii yasya sal. icsam apy
anugialam cva laioiïii blaval.
iaili-ilcn; asau-ilis; sa-daivasuianam-ol ilc dcmigods and dcmons; nigialam-
punislmcni; cva-indccd; laioii-docs; iii-ilus; anyaila-oilciwisc; api-also;
asamanjasyam-impioiiciy; iii-ilus; asanlya-lcaiing; ala-said; uiu-siaval-uiu-
siaval; vaiicna yam nipaiayal iii-Siïmad-llagavaiam 11.5.+S; alal- balï yam
siana-lalaluiam iiy adiblil-Siïmad-llagavaiam3.2.23; uiu-uiu; saivaial-in all
icspccis; visiiam-cxpandcd; malaiiamam-gicaincss; va-oi; siaval-siava; lïiiil-
gloiy; yasya-ol wlom; sal-Hc; icsam-ol ilcm; api-also; anugialam-mcicy; cva-
indccd; laioii-docs; iii-ilus; blaval-ilc mcaning.
Hcic somconc may pioicsi: "Ii is noi iigli loi ilc Loid io punisl ilc dcmigods
and dcmons in ilis way." Icaiing ilai somconc may spcal ilcsc woids, ilc Loid
is lcic dcsciibcd wiil ilc woid "uiusiaval" (His aciiviiics aic gloiious). Tlai ilc
Loid is noi io bc laulicd loi punisling ilc dcmons is also conliimcd by ilcsc
woids (Siïmad-llagavaiam 11.5.+S):
"Inimical lings lilc Sisupala, Paundiala, and Salva wcic always ilinling aboui
Loid Kisna. Lvcn wlilc ilcy wcic lying down, siiiing, oi cngaging in oilci
aciiviiics, ilcy cnviously mcdiiaicd upon ilc bodily movcmcnis ol ilc Loid, His
spoiiing pasiimcs, His loving glanccs upon His dcvoiccs, and oilci aiiiaciivc
lcaiuics displaycd by ilc Loid. lcing ilus always absoibcd in Kisna, ilcy aclicvcd
spiiiiual libciaiion in ilc Loid's own abodc. Wlai ilcn can bc said ol ilc
bcncdiciions ollcicd io ilosc wlo consianily lix ilcii minds on Loid Kisna in a
lavoiablc, loving mood'"¯¯¯
Ii is also said (Siïmad-llagavaiam 3.2.23):
"Alas, low slall I ialc slclici ol onc moic mcicilul ilan Hc wlo gianicd ilc
posiiion ol a moilci io a slc-dcmon (Puiana) alilougl slc was unlaiillul and slc
picpaicd dcadly poison io bc suclcd liom lci bicasi'"¯
In ilcsc ways ii is cxplaincd ilai ilc woid "uiu-siaval" mcans "ilc Supicmc
Loid, wlosc gloiics aic manilcsicd cvciywlcic". Tlus ilc Loid's giving ol so-
callcd punislmcni is also His mcicy. Tlai is ilc mcaning lcic.
Anuccheda 10+
Tcxi 1
iad cvam siddlaniam piadaisya iaiia sva-blalianugiala-maiia-piayojanam iai
iai laioii paicsa iii piaiijnaiaiilodalaianaya piallada-jaya-vijayadi-lipayal
sucalam iiilasa-viscsam ala
iai-ilis; cvam-ilus; siddlaniam-conclusion; piadaisya-slowing; iaiia-ilcic;
sva-blalia-io His dcvoiccs; anugiala-mcicy; maiia-only; piayojanam-nccd; iai iai-
ilai; laioii-docs; paicsa-ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; iii-ilus; piaiijnaia-
piomisc; aiila-mcaning; udalaianaya-loi ilc cxplanaiion; piallada-jaya-vijayadi-
lipayal-ol mcicy io Piallada, Jaya, Vijaya, and oilcis; sucalam-indicaiion;
iiilasa-viscsam-spccilic lisioiy; ala-said.
In ilis way ilc conclusion ilai ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad acis only
io slow mcicy io His dcvoiccs is icvcalcd. Tlai ilc Loid givcs mcicy io all is
cxplaincd in ilc lisioiics ol Piallada, Jaya, Vijaya, and many oilcis. Ioi cxamplc,
in Siïmad-llagavaiam (7.1.13) ii is said:
Tcxi 2
aiiaivodaliial puivam
iiilasal suiaisina
piïiya mala-liaiau iajan
picclaic 'jaia-saiiavc. iiy adi.
aiia-in ilis conncciion; cva-cciiainly; udaliial-was icciicd; puivam-picviously;
iiilasal-an old siaoiy; suiaisina-by ilc gicai sagc Naiada; piïiya-wiil joy; mala -
liaiau-ai ilc gicai Rajasuya saciilicc; iajan-O ling; picclaic-io ilc inquiiing;
ajaia-saiiavc-Malaiaja Yudlisiliia, wlo lad no cncmy; iii-ilus; adi-bcginning.
"Ioimcily, O ling, wlcn Malaiaja Yudlisiliia was pciloiming ilc Rajasuya
saciilicc, ilc gicai sagc Naiada, icsponding io lis inquiiy, icciicd lisioiical lacis
slowing low ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad is always impaiiial, cvcn wlcn
lilling dcmons. In ilis icgaid lc gavc a vivid cxamplc."¯
Tcxi 3
iïlaiva disya. siï-sulal.
iïla-commcniaiy; cva-indccd; disya-io bc sccn; siï-sulal-Siï Suladcva
Gosvami..
Onc slould lool ai Siïla Siïdlaia Svamï's commcniaiy on ilis vcisc. Tlis vcisc
was spolcn by Siïla Suladcva Gosvamï.
Anuccheda 105
Tcxi 1
iad cvam saivc api vaisamya-naiiglinyc paiiliial. ïsvaias iu paijanyavad
diasiavya iiy asya bialma-suiia-niigaliiaiila-nyayasyapy aiiaivaniai-blava-
siddlal. iii bialma-blagavai-paiamaimano viviial. iad cvam iii-vyulaivam cva
vyallyaiam. lvacid vasudcvadi-caiui-vyuladiivam ca disyaic. sa ca blcdal
lasyacii lcnacid ablcda-vivalsaya blcda-vivalsaya ca nayulial.
iai-ilai; cvam-ilus; saivc-all; api-also; vaisamya-paiiialiiy; naiiglinyc-
mcicilcssncss; paiiliial-icluicd; ïsvaial-ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad; iu-
indccd; paijanyavai-lilc ilc iain; diasiavya-io bc sccn; iii-ilus; asya-ol Him;
bialma-suiia-in ilc Vcdania-suiia; niigaliia-manilcsicd; aiila-mcaning; nyayasya-
ol Vcdania; api-also; aiia-lcic; cva-indccd; aniai-blava-disappcaiancc; siddlal-
piool; iii-ilus; bialma-blagavai-paiamaimanal-ol lialman, llagavan, and
Paiamaima; viviial-icvcalcd; iai-ilai; cvam-ilus; iii-vyulaivam-ilicc loims; cva-
indccd; vyallyaiam-cxplaincd; lvacii-somcwlcic; vasudcvadi-caiui-vyuladiivam-
ilc naiuiic ol ilc loui loims bcginning wiil Vasudcva; ca-also; disyaic-is sccn; sa-
ilai; ca-and; blcdal-dillcicncc; lasyacii-ol somconc; lcnacii-by somconc; ablcda-
vivalsaya-wiil ilc dcsiic io cxplain ilai ilcy aic dillcicni; blcda-vivalsaya-wiil
ilc dcsiic io cxplain ilai ilcy aic dillcicni; ca-and; na-noi; ayulial-impiopci.
In ilis way ilc idca ilai ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad is ciucl oi unjusi
is icluicd. Aciually ilc Loid is mcicilul io cvciyonc. Hc givcs His mcicy io all in
ilc samc way ilc iain lalls cvciywlcic. Tlis is conliimcd by ilc lollowing woids
ol Vcdania-suiia (2.1.3+):
"Tlc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad is nciilci ciucl noi unjusi, loi ilc
sciipiuics icvcal ilai ilc individual living cniiiics sullci oi cnjoy accoiding io
ilcii own laima."
Tlc Loid appcais as ilc impcisonal lialman, ilc all-pcivading Supcisoul
(paiamaima) and ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad (blagavan). In ilis way ilc
Loid las ilicc loims. Tlc Loid also appcais as Vasudcva, Sanlaisana, Piadyumna,
and Aniiuddla. In ilai way ilc Loid las loui loims. In onc scnsc, ilcsc aic
dillcicni loims. In anoilci scnsc, ilcy aic noi dillcicni liom ilc Loid Himscll. Ii is
noi impiopci, ilcicloic, io say ilai ilcsc loims aic dillcicni.
Tcxi 2
iad uliam molsa-dlaimc naiayanïyc
cla-vyula-viblago va
lvacid dvi-vyula-samjniial
iii-vyulas capi sanllyaias
caiui-vyulas ca disyaic. iii.
iai-ilai; uliam-said; molsa-dlaimc-in ilc Mols-adlaima; naiayanïyc-in ilc
Naiayaniya; cla-vyula-viblagal-onc loim; va-oi; lvacii-somcwlcic; dvi-vyula-
samjniial-iwo loims; iii-vyulal-ilicc loims; ca-also; api-and; sanllyaial-
numbciing; caiui-vyulal-loui loims; ca-and; disyaic-is sccn; iii-ilus.
Tlai ilc Loid ilus las many loims is cxplaincd in ilcsc woids ol ilc Molsa-
dlaima's Naiayanïya:
"In somc ciicumsianccs ilc Supicmc Loid las onc loim. In oilci
ciicumsianccs iwo loims, ilicc loims, oi loui loims aic sccn."
Tcxi 3
siuiis ca sa cladla blavaii iiidla blavaii iiy adya.
siuiil-ilc Siuiio-sasiia; ca-also; sa-Hc; cladla-in onc loim; blavaii-is; iiidla-in
ilicc loims; blavaii-is; iii-ilus; adya-bcginning.
Tlis is also dcsciibcd in ilc lollowing woids ol Clandogya Upanisad (7.26.2):
"Somciimcs ilc Loid las onc loim and somciimcs Hc manilcsis ilicc loims."
Tcxi +
aila puiva-iïiya caiui-vyulaivady-avisamvadiiaya yad aiia iii-vyulaivam
daisiiam. iaiia piailama-vyulasya siï-blagavaia cva mullyaivam. yai-
piaiipadalaivcnaivasya mala-puianasya siï-blagavaiam iiy allya.
aila-now; puiva-iïiya-accoiding io ilc picvious cxplanaiion; caiui-vyulaivadi-
bcginning ciil ilc loui loims; avisamvadiiaya-wiiloui coniiadiciion; yai-wlai;
aiia-lcic; iii-vyulaivam-laving ilicc loims; daisiiam-icvcalcd; iaiia-ilcci;
piailama-vyulasya-ol ilc liisi loim; siï-blagavaia-ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad; cva-indccd; mullyaivam-bcing ilc mosi impoiiani; yai-
piaiipadalaivcna-wiil ilc cxplanaiion ol ilai; cva-indccd; asya-ol ilis; mala-
puianasya-gicai Puiana; siï-blagavaiam-Siïmad-llagavaiam; iii-ilus; allya-
callcd.
Tlus ilcic is no coniiadiciion wlcn ilc sciipiuics somciimcs say ilc Loid las
loui loims and ai oilci iimcs ilc sciipiuics say ilai ilc Loid las ilicc loims.
Wlcn ii is said ilai ilc Loid las ilicc loims (lialman, Paiamaima, and
llagavan) ii slould bc undcisiood ilai llagavan (ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol
Godlcad) is ilc mosi impoiiani ol ilcsc loims. llagavan is vciy claboiaicly
dcsciibcd in ilc Mala-puiana callcd Siïmad-llagavaiam.
Tcxi 5
yailoliam idam blagavaiam nama puianam bialma-sammiiam iii.
yaila-as; uliam-said; idam blagavaiam nama puianam bialma-sammiiam iii-
Siïmad-llagavaiam 1.3.+0.
Tlis is conliimcd by ilc lollowing woids (Siïmad-llagavaiam 1.3.+0):
"Tlis Siïmad-llagavaiam is ilc liiciaiy incainaiion ol God, and ii is compilcd
by Siïla Vyasadcva, ilc incainaiion ol God. Ii is mcani loi ilc uliimaic good ol all
pcoplc, and ii is all-succcsslul, all-blisslul, and all-pcilcci."¯
Tcxi 6
iasya li piadlanycna sad-vidlcna lingcna iaipaiyam api paiyalocyaic
upaliamopasamlaiav
ablyaso 'puivaia-plalam
aiila-vadopapaiiï ca
lingam iaipaiya-niinayc
iiy ulia-pialaicna.
iasya-ol ilai; li-indccd; piadlanycna-by bcing mosi impoiiani; sad-vidlcna-
wiil six linds; lingcna-loims; iaipaiyam-mcasning; api-also; paiyalocyaic-is sccn;
upaliama-bcginning; upasamlaiau-and cnd; ablyasal-cndcavoi; apuivaia-
plalam-unpicccdcnicd icsuli; aiila-vada-cxplanaiion; upapaiiï-logic; ca-and;
lingam-sign; iaipaiya-niinayc-in ilc conclusion; iii-ilus; ulia-pialaicna-by ilc
cxplanaiion.
Tlc six ways in wlicl ilc mcaning ol a bool is undcisiood aic dcsciibcd in ilc
lollowing woids:
"Tlc six ways in wlicl ilc mcaning ol a bool is undcisiood aic: 1. ilc auiloi's
picamblc, 2. Tlc auiloi's concluding woids, 3. wlai is icpcaicd by ilc auiloi
again and again in ilc couisc ol ilc bool, +. wlai is uniquc io ilc bool, and ilus
noi lound in oilci bools, 5. ilc auiloi's own dcclaiaiion ol lis inicni in wiiiing
ilc bool, and 6. ilc applicaiion ol logic io undcisianding ilc auiloi's inicniion."
Tcxi 7
iaila li iavad upaliamopasmlaiayoi ailyam
janmady asya yaio 'nvayad iiaiaias caiilcsv ablijnal svaiai
icnc bialma lida ya adi-lavayc mulyanii yai suiayal
icjo-vaii-midam yaila vinimayo yaiia iii-saigo 'misa
dlamna svcna sada niiasia-lulalam saiyam paiam dlïmali
iaila li-luiilcimoic; iavai-ilcn; upaliama-picamblc; upasmlaiayol-
conclusion; ailyam-oncncncss; janmadi-cicaiion, susicnancc, and dcsiiuciion;
asya-ol ilc manilcsicd univciscs; yaial-liom wlom; anvayai-diiccily; iiaiaial-
indiiccily; ca-and; aiilcsv-puiposcs; ablijnal-lully cognizani; svaiai-lully
indcpcndcni; icnc-impaiicd; bialma-ilc Vcdic lnowlcdgc; lida-consciousncss ol
ilc lcaii; ya-onc wlo; adi-lavayc-unio ilc oiiginal cicaicd bcing; mulyanii-aic
illusioncd; yai-aboui wlom; suiayal-ilc gciai sagcs and dcmigods; icjal-liic; vaii-
waici; midam-caiil; yaila-as mucl as; vinimayal-aciion and icaciion; yaiia-
wlcicupon; iii-saigal-ilicc modcs ol cicaiion, cicaiivc laculiics; amisa-almosi
laciual; dlamna-along wiil all iiansccndcnial paiaplcinalia; svcna-swll-
sulliccnily; sada-always; niiasia-ngcaiion by abscncc; lulalam-illusion; saiyam-
iiuil; paiam-absiluic; dlïmali-I do mcdiiaic upon.
Tlc picamblc and concluding woids ol Siïmad-llagavaiam aic in complcic
agiccmcni. loil dcsciibc ilc Absoluic Tiuil. Tlc picamblc ol Siïmad-llagavaiam
(1.1.1) is:
"I mcdiiaic upon Loid Siï Kisna bccausc Hc is ilc Absoluic Tiuil and ilc
piimcval causc ol all causcs ol ilc cicaiion, susicnancc, and dcsiiuciion ol ilc
manilcsicd univciscs. Hc is diiccily and indiiccily conscious ol all manilcsiaiions,
and Hc is indcpcndcni bccausc ilcic is no oilci causc bcyond Him. Ii is Hc only
wlo liisi impaiicd ilc Vcdic lnowlcdgc unio ilc lcaii ol lialmajï, ilc oiiginal
living bcing. ly Him cvcn ilc gicai sagcs and dcmigods aic placcd inio illusion, as
onc is bcwildcicd by ilc illusoiy icpicscniaiions ol waici sccn in liic, oi land sccn
on waici. Only bccausc ol Him do ilc maiciial univciscs, icmpoiaiily manilcsicd
by ilc icaciions ol ilc ilicc modcs ol naiuic, appcai laciual alilougl ilcy aic
unical. I ilcicloic mcdiiaic upon Him, Loid Siï Kisna, wlo is cicinally cxisicni in
ilc iiansccndcnial abodc, wlicl is loicvci licc liom ilc illusoiy icpicscniaiions ol
ilc maiciial woild. I mcdiiaic upon Him, loi Hc is ilc Absoluic Tiuil."¯
Tcxi S
lasmai ycna viblasiio 'yam aiulo jnana-piadïpal puia
iad-iupcna ca naiadaya munayc lisnaya iad-iupina
yogïndiaya iad-aimanaila blagavad-iaiaya laiunyaias
iac cluddlam vimalam visolam amiiam saiyam paiam dlïmali
lasmai-io lialma; ycna-by wlom; viblasiial-spolcn; ayam-ilis; aiulal-
pccilcss; jnana-ol lnwolcdgc; piadïpal-lamp; puia-bcloic; iad-iupcna-in ilai
loim; ca-and; naiadaya-io Naiada; munayc-ilc sagc; lisnaya-io Kisna; iad-iupina-
wiil ilai loim; yogïndiaya-io ilc ling ol ilc yogis; iad-aimana-wiil ilai naiuic;
aila-ilcn; blagavad-iaiaya-dcvoicd io ilc Supicmc Pcisonaliiy ol Godlcad;
laiunyaial-mcicilully; iac-ilai; cluddlam-puic; vimalam-spoilcss; visolam-licc
liom sullciing; amiiam-cicinal; saiyam-iiuil; paiam-supicmc; dlïmali-I mcdiiaic.
Tlc concluding woids ol Siïmad-llagavaiam (12.13.19) aic:
"I mcdiiaic upon ilc puic and spoilcss Absoluic Tiuil, wlo is licc liom
sullciing and dcail. In ilc bcginning Hc pcisonally icvcalcd ilis pccilcss lamp ol
lnowlcdgc io lialma. lialma spolc ii io Naada Muni, wlo ilcn spolc ii io Kisna
Dvaipayana Vyasa. Vyasa spolc ii io Suladcva Gosvamï, ilc ling ol yogïs, and
Suladcva spolc ii io ilc gicai dcvoicc Malaiaja Paiïlsii."¯
Tcxi 9
aiia puivasyaiilal aiilo 'yam bialma-sui