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NORSOK STANDARD

WORKING ENVIRONMENT

S-002 Rev. 3, November 1997

Please note that whilst every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of the NORSOK standards neither OLF nor TBL or any of their members will assume liability for any use thereof.

Working environment

S-002 Rev. 3, November 1997

CONTENTS
FOREWORD INTRODUCTION 1 SCOPE 2 NORMATIVE REFERENCES 3 DEFINITIONS AND ABBREVIATIONS 3.1 Definitions 3.2 Abbreviations 4 CONTROL AND VERIFICATION ACTIVITIES 4.1 General 4.2 Procedures and work instructions 4.3 Experience report 4.4 Concept working environment analysis 4.5 Organisation and manning study 4.6 Risk analysis 4.7 Psycho-social analysis 4.8 Working environment area limits 4.9 Working environment analyses 4.10 Constructability analysis 4.11 Working environment inspections 4.12 Working environment status 5 WORKING ENVIRONMENT REQUIREMENTS 5.1 Arrangements 5.2 Ergonomics 5.3 Technical appliances 5.4 Chemical substances and products 5.5 Noise and vibration 5.6 Illumination 5.7 Indoor climate 5.8 Outdoor operations 5.9 Radiation ANNEX A WORKING ENVIRONMENT AREA LIMITS (NORMATIVE) ANNEX B VERTICAL AND HORIZONTAL CLEARANCES AND DISTANCES (NORMATIVE) ANNEX C DETAILED REQUIREMENTS RELATED TO INSTALLATION AREAS (NORMATIVE) ANNEX D TYPICAL HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES (NORMATIVE) ANNEX E VIBRATION LIMIT CURVES (NORMATIVE) ANNEX F WORKING ENVIRONMENT AREA CHART (NORMATIVE) ANNEX G LIST OF APPLICABLE ACTS, REGULATIONS, STANDARDS AND GUIDELINES FOR THE NORWEGIAN CONTINENTAL SHELF (INFORMATIVE) NORSOK standard 3 3 4 4 5 5 7 7 7 8 9 9 9 10 10 10 11 13 13 13 14 14 14 16 16 17 20 20 21 21 22 24 27 28 31 33 35

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ANNEX H NOISE DATA SHEET (INFORMATIVE) ANNEX I EXAMPLES OF METHODS FOR ANALYSIS OF THE WORKING ENVIRONMENT (INFORMATIVE) ANNEX J PROCEDURE FOR NOISE CONTROL (INFORMATIVE)

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FOREWORD
NORSOK (The competitive standing of the Norwegian offshore sector) is the industry initiative to add value, reduce cost and lead-time and remove unnecessary activities in offshore field developments and operations. The NORSOK standards are developed by the Norwegian petroleum industry as a part of the NORSOK initiative and are jointly issued by OLF (The Norwegian Oil Industry Association) and TBL (Federation of Norwegian Engineering Industries). NORSOK standards are administered by NTS (Norwegian Technology Standards Institution). The purpose of this industry standard is to replace the individual oil company specifications for use in existing and future petroleum industry developments, subject to the individual company's review and application. The NORSOK standards make extensive references to international standards. Where relevant, the contents of this standard will be used to provide input to the international standardisation process. Subject to implementation into international standards, this NORSOK standard will be withdrawn. Annexes A, B, C, D, E, F are normative. Annexes G, H, I and J are informative.

INTRODUCTION
This standard applies to the design of new installations and modification or upgrading of existing installations for offshore drilling, production, utilisation and pipeline transportation of petroleum, including accommodation units for such activities. Revision 3 includes the following changes: Implementation of the parts of the guidelines to the Norwegian Regulations relating to systematic follow up of the working environment in the petroleum activities that affect design. Guidelines to the design of the living quarters and doors and stairs are found in NORSOK standards for the architectural discipline. Updating of the standard in view of new regulations and European standards. Implementation of experiences from Revision 2 in project work.

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SCOPE

This NORSOK standard addresses design principles related to the working environment. It also covers requirements to the procedures for control and verification of design in order to ensure that these principles are implemented. The purpose of this standard is to ensure that the design of the installation promotes the quality of the working environment during the operational phase.

NORMATIVE REFERENCES

The following standards include provisions that, through reference in this text, constitute provisions of this NORSOK standard. Latest issue of the references shall be used unless otherwise agreed. Other recognised standards may be used provided it can be shown that they meet or exceed the requirements of the standards referenced below. EN 292 EN 294 EN 349 EN 547 part 1 part 2 part 3 EN 563 EN 614 part 1 EN 626 prEN 1005 part 2 part 3 EN 1050 prEN 12437 part 1 part 2 part 3 part 4 DIN VDE 0848, Part 4 Safety of machinery - Basic concepts, general principles for design, Part 1 and 2. Safety of machinery - Safety distances to prevent danger zones to be reached by upper limbs. Safety of machinery - Minimum gaps to avoid crushing of parts of the human body. Safety of machinery - Human body dimensions. Principles for determining the dimensions required for openings for whole body access into machinery. Principles for determining the dimensions required for access openings. Anthropometric data. Safety of machinery - Temperature of touchable surfaces - Ergonomics data to establish temperature limit values for hot surfaces. Safety of machinery - Ergonomic design principles. Terminology and general principles. Safety of machinery - Reduction of risks to health from hazardous substances emitted by machinery. Safety of machinery - Human physical performance. Manual handling of objects associated to machinery. Recommended force limits for machinery operations. Safety of machinery - Risk assessment. Safety of machinery - Permanent means of access to machines and industrial plants Choice of a fixed means of access between two levels Working platforms and gangways Stairways, stepladders and guard trails Fixed ladders Safety at electro magnetic fields.

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ISO 717/1 ISO 5349 ISO 2631/1 NORSOK C-001 NORSOK C-002 NS 4815 NS 8172

Acoustic rating of sound insulation in buildings and of building elements. Guidelines for the measurement and the assessment of human exposure to hand-transmitted vibration. Evaluation of human exposure to whole body vibration- Part 1: General requirements. Living quarters area. Architectural components and equipment. Determination of occupational noise exposure. Measurement of noise levels from technical installations.

See Annex G for a list of acts, regulations, standards and guidelines for the Norwegian continental shelf.

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3.1 Can

DEFINITIONS AND ABBREVIATIONS


Definitions Can-requirements are conditional and indicate a possibility open to the user of the standard. Area that is fully protected against exposure to open air and ambient conditions. A source of possible injury or damage to health. Shall mean informative in the application of NORSOK standards. Three levels of manning of work areas and work places are defined: Permanently manned; Work area or work place manned at least 8 hours a day for at least 50 per cent of the installations operation time. Intermittently manned; Work area or work place where inspection, maintenance or other work is planned to last at least two hours a day for at least 50 per cent of the installations operation time. Normally not manned; Work area or work place that is not permanently or intermittently manned.

Enclosed work area

Hazard Informative references Manning

May

May indicates a course of action that is permissible within the limits of the standard (a permission). Shall mean normative in the application of NORSOK standards. Area with no substantial obstacles to the free. The area is completely exposed to ambient conditions.

Normative references Open work area

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Semi-open work area

Area that is weather protected e.g. with weather louvers, and partially exposed to the open air. Shall is an absolute requirement which shall be followed strictly in order to conform to the standard. Should is a recommendation. Alternative solutions having the same functionality and quality are acceptable. A work area is an area of the installation, where personnel stay or move in connection with work. A work place is a volume within a work area, allocated to one or more persons to complete work tasks related to production, inspection or maintenance. The totality of all physical, chemical, biological and psychological factors at work that may affect the employees health and well being through acute trauma or lasting exposure. The influences from lasting exposure may be positive and negative.

Shall

Should

Work area

Work place

Working environment

Working Environment Analysis

A systematic work process including: Definition, limitation and break down of the installation with respect to one or more parameters (e.g. area, activities during operation, type of equipment, chemical substance). Hazard identification.. Estimation of potential consequences to the employees health and, if feasible, of probability of occurrence. Evaluation of needs of remedial actions. Development of recommendations on remedial actions and/or follow-up activities. Identification of nonconformities and problems in meeting specified requirements

Working Environment Program

A document covering: Working environment objective and goals and acceptance criteria for the risk of occupational injuries and possible work-related illnesses during operation.

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References to working environment requirements. References to applicable procedures for control and verification. Responsibilities for implementation of working environment requirements in design and for control and verification activities, including means of ensuring that the employees and their elected representatives are given an opportunity of participating in matters of importance to the working environment. Plans for control and verification activities, deliverables included. Status concerning performed activities. The Working environment program may be a separate document or integrated into a Health, safety and environment program. 3.2 Abbreviations BOP CRIOP HVAC LQ TLV WCI

Blow-Out Preventer. Crisis Intervention in Offshore Production Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning. Living Quarters. Threshold Limit Value. Wind Chill Index

CONTROL AND VERIFICATION ACTIVITIES

4.1 General This standard assumes that a Working environment program is established and maintained. Table 1 lists the studies and analyses to be performed and documented for new installations in order to control and verify that the design principles in clause 5 are met. For modifications or upgrading of existing installations, new analyses shall be performed or existing analyses shall be updated for the working environment factors that are affected by the modification. Responsibility and schedule for the different control and verification activities shall be defined in the Working environment program considering needs of timely input to design and procurement and needs of documentation.

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Table 1 Overview of studies and analyses. TYPE Experience report PURPOSE To ensure experience transfer related to the working environment from installations in operation. To identify and evaluate potential problem areas as input to concept selection and verification of design. To provide input to the establishment of working environment area requirements and to working environment studies and analyses. To verify compliance with company acceptance criteria for the risk of occupational injuries and to identify the necessary assumptions for concept selection and optimisation and for detail engineering. To analyse design and planned organisation and manning in order to make an overall evaluation of the working environment and to identify potential problem areas related to the psycho-social working environment in particular. To establish and implement area limits for illumination, temperature, concentration of chemical substances in the working atmosphere, ventilation and noise To identify and evaluate potential problem areas for different working environment factors as input to concept definition and optimisation and design development. To ensure that the design promotes a satisfactory health, safety and environment standard during construction. To verify that the fabricated mechanical packages, modules and structures meet the working environment requirements. To provide an updated overview of the status on the different working environment factors. PERFORMED BY Company

Concept working environment analysis Organisation and manning study Risk analysis

To be specified in working environment program Company

To be specified in working environment Program

Psycho-social analysis

Company

Working environment area limits

To be specified in working environment program To be specified in working environment program To be specified in working environment program To be specified in working environment program To be specified in working environment program

Working environment analyses

Constructability analysis Working environment inspections Working environment status

4.2 Procedures and work instructions Procedures and work instructions for the defined studies and analyses according to clause 4.1 shall be developed and maintained. In general, they shall cover the following: Aim and scope.

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Definitions. Responsibilities for initiation, execution and follow-up of the results. Descriptions of: Types of input to the analysis. Organisation of the analysis, requirements to qualified personnel and employee participation. Types of work to be done. Scheduling in relation to the progress of the project. Methods for estimations, calculations and measurements with reference to relevant national and international standards. Priorities for selection of safety measures. EN 292-1, clause 4 is referred to. Documentation and follow up of the results. References. The procedures and work instructions shall ensure that the requirements according to clauses 4.3 to 4.12 are implemented in the execution of the analyses and final conclusions. 4.3 Experience report Sources of experience may include: earlier modifications to improve the working environment good technical solutions and solutions/equipment to be avoided statistics on occupational accidents, near accidents and possible work-related diseases results of working environment mapping and surveys

4.4 Concept working environment analysis The concept working environment analysis shall provide input to concept selection and verification of the selected concept including cost estimates. The analysis shall cover but not be limited to the following potential problem areas: Risks of severe accidents and muscle-skeletal injuries in heavy material handling. Risks of severe accidents and muscle-skeletal injuries in handling of drilling equipment (if relevant). Exposure to wind chill in naturally ventilated areas. Storage and handling of hazardous substances. Storage of bulky materials, e.g. scaffolding. Noise and vibration emitting equipment and areas with noisy activities adjacent to quite areas. Solitary work in permanently manned work areas. 4.5 Organisation and manning study The study should specify the following for the different positions in the installations organisation: tasks / responsibilities distribution of working hours by area

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4.6 Risk analysis The methods for risk analysis shall be adapted to the applicable acceptance criteria for the risk of occupational injuries, ref. Working environment program. Normally, the risk of accidents should be analysed: for all personnel on the installation, for especially exposed groups of personnel, for critical activities with risk potential of severe consequences. For requirements to specific types of risk analyses, see clause 4.9. 4.7 Psycho-social analysis The conditions for a safe, efficient and health-promoting interaction between the employee and the environment shall be determined by applying a systematic method. This should include an evaluation of job demands and provisions for social interaction and self-determination in the different positions on the installation. The analysis should also consider the provisions for coping with the work situation offered by the various leisure activities during the time off at the installation. 4.8 Working environment area limits

4.8.1 General Detailed specifications of area limits for each room/work area that is readily accessible shall be established as input to engineering. Annex A shows applicable area limits for illuminance, temperature, noise and vibration for typical areas of an installation. In addition, the uniformity of the illuminance (Emin / Emean) shall be specified. In establishing noise area limits above 85dB(A), the individual employees exposure time in noisy areas shall be considered. For concentrations of chemical substances in the working atmosphere, area limits shall be established when there is a possibility of exceeding 10% of the threshold limit value according to clause 5.4.3. For Norway, establishment of area limits for the number of air changes per hour shall be based on the recommended calculation method in Directorate of Labour Inspection, order no. 516. The area limits shall be documented on Working environment area charts as shown in Annex F. Adequate calculations shall be performed in order to ensure implementation of the area requirements in design and data sheets for vendor packages. These calculations shall be documented on the Working environment area charts where relevant. The quality of the illumination in the central control room should be evaluated in a special study. The implementation of the requirements shall be verified by appropriate measurement methods and documented in the Working environment area charts. 4.8.2 Noise and vibration control During concept definition and optimisation, it shall be ensured that: Major noise and vibration sources are localised. Possible use of low noise equipment is evaluated. NORSOK standard Page 10 of 50

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A review of the localisation of noisy equipment and areas in relation to silent areas is performed. The use of buffer zones is evaluated. During engineering, it shall be ensured that: Significant noise and vibration sources are identified and their influences evaluated. Sound absorption treatment for all enclosed areas, sound insulation and vibration isolation for equipment and machinery are specified. Maximum noise and vibration levels for significant noise and vibration sources are specified on the basis of area noise and vibration limits and the acoustic properties and the adequate sound insulation between areas. A safety margin of 3dB should be applied in the calculations. Additive effects of several sources in the same area shall be taken into account. Noise data sheets for all potential noisy equipment shall be prepared and included in the inquiries, see Annex H. Vendors shall be requested to propose noise reduction measures, if equipment does not meet the requirements. All noise data shall be guaranteed. Procedures for testing and control of the guaranteed levels shall be required in the contract. Requirements to acoustic pipe insulation are specified. Noise and vibration levels are predicted and documented for the different areas of the installation at a stage of the project where all requirements have been stated. The individual noise exposure shall be calculated for typical categories of employees working in areas with a noise level above 83dB(A). No use of ear protection shall be assumed for the calculations. In areas where whole body vibration limits may be exceeded, structural vibration analysis are performed. Noise and vibration predictions are updated, based on vendor guaranteed noise and vibration data and the detail design of the installation. During fabrication, it shall be ensured that all noisy non-standard equipment are tested according to a defined test procedure during the Fabrication acceptance test. For standard equipment, data from earlier tests may be accepted. All important tests shall be executed or witnessed by a qualified noise control engineer. It shall be ensured that, where feasible, a full noise mapping of the different areas of installation is done during commissioning. A recommended procedure for noise control is presented in Annex J. 4.9 Working environment analyses

4.9.1 General The types of analyses to be performed are presented here. It is not required to repeat earlier performed analyses or to evaluate design in cases where this represents a standard and previously accepted solution, provided that design and manning are unchanged. In these cases, earlier analyses or existing standard solutions and accompanying documentation shall be referred to. Where practicable, different analyses should be combined. Examples of methods for working environment analyses are presented in Annex I.

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4.9.2 Coarse job safety analysis This analysis shall be carried out for each work area on the installation. Operation/drilling, repair/maintenance, material handling and waste handling/house keeping activities and walking shall be covered at a coarse level. Risks of severe injury or fatality due to moving parts of machinery, trapping/entanglement, falling to a lower level, sliding/stumbling/hitting against, ejected materials, fire/explosions, hazardous substances shall be identified and evaluated. Causes and potential consequences shall be identified and decisions on follow-up actions shall be made for identified hazards. 4.9.3 Detailed job safety analysis This analysis shall be carried out for critical work places, which involve tasks with a high risk of accidents. Each task shall be broken down into steps and analysed by a method similar to that for coarse job safety analysis. Also less severe accident risks shall be covered. Criteria for the selection of work places for the analyses include: Frequently repeated manual tasks, especially in material handling. Manual tasks in the risk zone of mechanised equipment. Manual tasks involving hazards with potentially severe consequences. For safety analyses of machines, EN 1050 is referred to. 4.9.4 Ergonomic job analysis This analysis shall be performed for all workplaces, which involve tasks in operation or maintenance with a significant risk of muscle-skeletal injuries. The aim is to identify potential problem areas in design of workplaces in order to ensure that the requirements to maximum workload are possible to meet. Input concerning manning, work sequences, frequency of operation, inspection and maintenance tasks, necessary equipment for performance of the tasks, personnel selection and earlier experience in similar tasks should be ensured prior to the analyses. The analyses shall include but not be limited to evaluations of layout, clearances for performance of tasks, location of work functions (displays, control actuators, manually operated valves etc.), needs of stairs and access platforms, and lifting and transportation aids. 4.9.5 Man-machine interface analysis This analysis shall include a job/task analysis and shall be performed for control room and control cabin tasks, where human errors may cause accidents with severe consequences to personnel, environment or property. The evaluations shall cover normal operation including start-up and shutdown, emergency operations and maintenance/revision. The analyses shall cover personnel and system safety aspects, including the possibility to control process disturbances in a safe manner. The CRIOP-method, see Annex I, is referred to for complex and critical control rooms. 4.9.6 Analysis of the handling of hazardous substances/chemicals All chemical substances that are planned for use during operation and maintenance and may represent a health hazard shall be identified. Typical chemicals to be evaluated are process chemicals, drilling mud, paint, diesel, lube oil and crude oil. The activities where there is a risk of exposure to the chemicals during transportation, storage, use and disposal shall be identified and the needs of control measures to eliminate or reduce exposure shall be evaluated. Needs for safety showers or eye baths shall be evaluated. NORSOK standard Page 12 of 50

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4.9.7 Outdoor operations analysis This analysis shall be carried out for work places in open and semi-open areas, considering the duration of stay and assuming normal work clothing. The aim is to identify and remedy potential problem areas related to the wind chill and hypothermia. During engineering, it shall be ensured that: Workplaces in open and semi-open areas, where there is frequent work with a duration of 10 minutes or more are identified. Primarily, the design and localisation of equipment representing such workplaces is reviewed in order to limit exposure to wind and rainfall. Secondly, the need for shelter to protect the workers is evaluated. The Wind chill index (WCI) is calculated and documented for the identified workplaces. When calculating the WCI, verified meteorological data for the past five years or more should be used. The acceptability of the exposure to high WCIs is determined, considering the work load and duration of stay in exposed areas, and assuming normal work clothing. 4.10 Constructability analysis It shall be ensured that the design of the contract object promotes a satisfactory health, safety and environment standard during construction. The following shall be considered in particular: Accessibility (with respect to installation, lifting, cutting, welding, shot blasting and surface treatment) including selection of steel details and profiles. Selection of materials and chemicals. Relevant experience related to health, safety and environmental pollution during construction shall be collected, compiled and used. 4.11 Working environment inspections Working environment inspections shall be carried out during Construction and Mechanical Completion in order to verify that the physical installation meets the established requirements. Special checklists shall be prepared for this purpose. 4.12 Working environment status Working environment area charts according to Annex F or equivalent shall be applied in documenting the working environment status. In principle, a Working environment area chart shall be prepared for each room and area on the installation. To maintain a manageable number of Area charts, several identical areas can be covered only by one typical chart, i.e. office, cabin, toilet/WC and escape/transport route. The Working environment area charts shall be kept updated with the results of predictions, and measurements and problem areas and nonconformities identified in analyses and the status of decisions on remedial actions.

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5.1

WORKING ENVIRONMENT REQUIREMENTS


Arrangements

5.1.1 General Safe distances according to EN 349 shall apply between moving machinery parts and fixed objects. Provisions shall be made for safe and efficient transportation of materials, both horizontally and vertically. Storage areas and lay down areas belonging to them should be located in the vicinity of each other and on the same level. Offices, coffee bars and recreation rooms should preferably have access to daylight. Workplaces shall be arranged to provide for contact with others. Solitary work shall be avoided in permanently and intermittently manned areas. 5.1.2 Means of access All work areas shall have a layout that provides for safe access for operation and maintenance. Floors in work areas and walkways shall be designed in accordance with the following: Walkways for access to permanently and intermittently manned work places shall be arranged. These shall be shown on relevant drawings. Drips of oil and slippery liquid onto floor shall be avoided, e.g. by using drip trays. Protruding objects shall be avoided in walkways, access ways and transportation ways. Need for anti skid surfaces shall be evaluated in all work areas where spill of slippery liquid, dusts etc. may occur. Stairs are preferred to ladders. Ladders may replace stairs where stairs are unfeasible or where daily access is not required. Stairs, ladders and platforms shall be designed in accordance with Annex B and recognised standards listed therein. At the top of ladders, self-closing gates shall be arranged. Such gates shall not open towards the ladder. Fixed stepladders shall be provided with handrail on both sides. Access openings in vertical partitions into cofferdams, tanks etc. shall be equipped with hand grips on both sides above the opening. 5.2 Ergonomics

5.2.1 Prevention of muscle-skeletal injuries Workplaces shall be designed such that the personnel is not exposed to excessive work loads with risks of muscle-skeletal injury. For determination of maximum work load and force limits, prEN 1005, part 2 and 3 are referred to. The requirements above entail that efforts should be made to avoid:

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monotonous muscular load excessive muscular load work in fixed or static position work with joints in extreme position work requiring high precision and which at the same time requires substantial use of force work in kneeling, squatting and lying positions work of long duration and of repetitive nature with hand above shoulders or below knees continuous asymmetric load on the body

5.2.1.1 Manual handling, transportation Transportation ways where trolleys and carts are used shall not contain steps and thresholds. The need for a lift for vertical transportation shall be evaluated. There shall be enough space for the use of lifting and transportation gear where lifting or transportation of more than 25 kg is required. Trolleys, transportation tables and similar means of transportation should be easily manoeuvrable and have a low rolling resistance. Minimum two of the wheels shall be lockable. Units in everyday use shall not be stored above shoulder height (1500 mm) and should not be stored below 900 mm. 5.2.1.2 Hatches and doors Vertical inspection hatches should be side hinged. The opening force of doors in frequent use shall not exceed 65N (side hinged) and 50N (sliding door) respectively. No doors shall have an opening force in excess of 130N (side hinged) and 105N (sliding door). Mechanically assisted opening of doors shall be considered in the main walkways. Hinged doors leading to open areas shall be provided with a damping mechanism to prevent crushing injuries. 5.2.1.3 Adaption for cleaning A ring main for high-pressure wash down stations shall be considered in areas where heavy cleaning will take place. Drains shall be located so as to facilitate cleaning. Materials and surfaces of structural members, installations and equipment shall be easy to clean and maintain. Maintenance and/or cleaning equipment and ditto consumables should be stored in the vicinity of areas with frequent maintenance or cleaning. Equipment and fixtures should be mounted on plinths or fixed to walls so as to give maximum free floor space for easy cleaning. There shall be dedicated space for the necessary cleaning equipment adjacent to rooms requiring cleaning by hand such as offices, coffee bars and toilets. The space shall be equipped with cold and hot water, utility sink with grid (height 600 mm above floor) and sufficient vertical distance to the tap for filling buckets. There shall be sufficient floor space to park a cleaning trolley. For vertical and horizontal clearances, Annex B is referred to. 5.2.2 Man-machine interfaces For control rooms and cabins and control panels where human errors may cause accidents with severe consequences to personnel, the environment or property, the following shall apply: NORSOK standard Page 15 of 50

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Displays and controls shall be designed in accordance with acknowledged ergonomic principles and in order to allow the operator to carry out his tasks in a safe manner. The number of and types of displays should however be minimised. Screens, panels and lighting fixtures shall have a location, which provides satisfactory view in a normal working posture. It shall be easy to adjust the height and angle of computer screens and keyboards as well as their distance to the operator. If visual displays (VDUs) are used, information should not be presented in a way which gives the operator memory problems or adds to his load of work. Total system overviews should be available from the displays, giving the operator opportunities to watch process performance. The design shall be based on task analyses of functions, see clause 4.9. Controls and displays shall be located in a logical manner with respect to frequency of use and importance for safe operation and the movement of a control device should be consistent with the effect in direction and magnitude. They shall be clearly marked in the language of the country. In Norway, Directorate of Labour Inspection, order no. 528 is referred to. 5.3 Technical appliances

5.3.1 General Machinery shall be designed in accordance with the methods and technical principles according to EN 292-1 and EN 292-2. Relevant type B European Norms shall be identified and implemented. 5.3.2 Hot/cold surfaces It shall not be possible to reach surfaces with a temperature above +70C or below -10C from work areas, walkways, ladders, stairs or other passageways, ref. EN 563. Shields are preferred to insulation, unless insulation also is required for heat conservation or noise control. 5.4 Chemical substances and products

5.4.1 Handling and storage Manual handling of hazardous substances should be avoided. The use of automatic or remotely controlled equipment is preferred. Where this is not feasible, systems for safe manual handling shall be provided. The installation shall be designed such that all spillage is properly handled. The need for drain and their effectiveness shall be evaluated for all work areas. There shall be a dedicated storage area for each type of chemical. These areas shall not be used for other purposes. The areas shall be properly ventilated and protected against fire. Chemicals that may react with each other shall not be stored together.

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5.4.2 List of hazardous chemicals The design shall ensure that the exposure to chemical substances and products containing hazardous substances is minimised. Residual risks shall be brought up in the instructions for use. Typical examples of chemical products are process and drilling chemicals, paint, lube oil and preservation chemicals. Hazardous substances according to Annex D1 are prohibited. Substances classified as carcinogenic, allergenic, mutagenic or reproductive toxicants shall be identified and evaluated for substitution with less hazardous substances. A list of typical such chemicals is shown in Annex D.2. For classification of chemicals, the national legislation is referred to. All chemicals that follow the installation offshore or are included in instructions for operation and maintenance shall be documented on Safety data sheets. In Norway, the Safety data sheets shall be in the Norwegian language and approved through the Norwegian Oil Industry Associations quality assurance system for material safety data sheets. 5.4.3 Threshold Limit Values (TLV) Emissions of hazardous substances from machines shall be controlled, ref. EN 626. Extraction systems should efficiently pick up the pollutants near the source. Under normal operation, the concentration of hazardous substances in the working atmosphere shall be as low as reasonably possible. The installation shall be designed such that, under normal conditions, the atmospheric concentrations of hazardous substances in permanently manned work areas do not exceed 1/6 of the TLVs according to the regulatory requirements in the country. For other areas, an area limit of 1/3 of the TLV applies. For Norway, the TLVs specified in Guidelines from the Directorate of Labour Inspection (order no. 361) shall apply. 5.5 Noise and vibration

5.5.1 General Installation of low noise equipment shall be the primary noise control measure. For piping systems, selection of low noise valves and other components with low noise properties shall be given priority. Noisy equipment and equipment with high structure borne sound emission levels and areas with noisy activities (e.g. lay down areas, work shops) shall not be located in the immediate vicinity of areas with a noise level limit of 50dB(A) or below (e.g. offices, clinic, central control room, sleeping/recreation areas). No noise sources that may significantly reduce the speech intelligibility shall be installed in the immediate vicinity of lifeboat stations and muster points. This also applies to the location of safety relief valves. There shall only be needs of shorter stay for inspection purposes in unmanned machinery rooms during running of machinery. This should be accomplished through location of noisy machines in separate rooms. There shall be no regular access ways through unmanned machinery rooms to other workplaces.

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5.5.2 Area noise limits The following noise level limits reflect the requirements for conservation of hearing: The individual employees maximum exposure to noise during a 12 hours working day is 83dB(A). The maximum allowable noise level in any situation is 130dB(C) (PEAK). This limit also applies to enclosed normally unmanned areas. Annex A covers vibration limits and area noise level limits, total and for HVAC. The area noise level limits shall apply as maximum levels at any location within an area, but not closer than 1m to equipment and other noisy installations. All limits refer to broad band noise without any distinct tonal characteristics. In case of tonal characteristics, the noise level limit shall be set 5dB lower. For areas, where the area noise level limit according to Annex A is 85dB(A) or 90dB(A), the limit of 90dB(A) shall apply only where a lower limit is unfeasible. If an area limit of 90dB(A) is incompatible with the individual employees maximum noise exposure, measures in design to reduce the needs of stay in the noise zone shall be evaluated. In workshops and kitchen, the noise limits refer to background noise including ventilation system and external noise sources, but not manually controlled operations. For these operations, the maximum noise exposure for 12 hours working day applies. In control rooms, offices, computer rooms, radio rooms and laboratories the noise level limits refer to background noise including HVAC as well as noise sources in continuous use within the actual room. During design emergency conditions, e.g. near safety relief valves, fire pumps or outdoor areas during full emergency flaring, etc., only the maximum allowable noise level of 130dB(C) applies. The noise level in the muster areas shall not exceed 90dB(A) and the noise level in the radio room, the emergency management room and the central control room shall not exceed 60dB(A) during emergency flaring. Access to control rooms, offices, laboratories etc. from noisy areas should be via corridors or buffer zones in which the noise level do not exceed the quiet room noise level by more than 5dB. Access from walkways to permanently manned areas should be provided without passing a zone with noise level above 83dB(A). When selecting the design of enclosed spaces, i.e. when decisions on acoustic treatment shall be taken, the requirements to PA system and speech intelligibility shall be taken into account. Low reverberation times shall be adhered to. For work shops, laboratories, control rooms, radio room, meeting rooms, coffee bars/TV rooms, dining room and offices, the average octave band sound absorption coefficient shall not be less than 0.4 in the frequency range 250Hz to 2kHz. NORSOK standard Page 18 of 50

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The partitions between rooms shall be designed in order to achieve an adequate sound insulation. Minimum permissible air borne sound insulation indices for horizontal, vertical and diagonal sound transmission between adjacent rooms are shown in table 2. Acoustic rating of sound insulation shall be according to ISO 717/1. Table 2 Minimum permissible field measured weighted sound reduction index ( Rw ) between rooms in the living quarters. Noisy rooms 40dB1) Work rooms 40dB 40dB Silent rooms 45dB2) 40dB 40dB Corridors/staircases 35dB 35dB 40dB

Noisy rooms Work rooms Silent rooms Notes 1. Does not apply to partition between kitchen and dining room. 2. Common partition with clinic/ward shall be avoided. 3. The maximum unfavourable deviation from the reference curve should not exceed 8dB.

Examples of Noisy rooms are gymnasium, TV-rooms/cinema, kitchen, dining, and change rooms. Work rooms are offices, meeting rooms, radio room, and control rooms. Silent rooms require a high degree of privacy and include cabins, clinic/ward, and reading rooms. 5.5.3 Vibrations Annex E shows the maximum limits for continuous whole body vibration from machinery and equipment that shall apply. Vibration limits are based on boundaries given in ISO 2631/1 Evaluation of human exposure to whole body vibration- Part 1: General requirements. The limits are derived from the acceptability of the exposure of human beings to vibrations and are based on a 12-hour working day. The vibration limits are specified graphically as combined levels for vertical and horizontal movements. The limits cover the range 1-80Hz in which the major body resonance occur. They are not intended to be extrapolated beyond this range. The vibration limits are categorised as follows: Category 1 Category 2 Category 3 Category 4 Category 5 Limits for accommodation areas. Limits for control rooms, offices and laboratories. Limits for all general work areas. Limits for vibration locally to equipment. Maximum limits (normally unmanned areas).

Higher levels than those given in category 4 may be tolerated for shorter exposure than 12 hours. Category 1, 2 and 5 shall also apply for intermittent operation. Hand/arm vibrations shall meet the requirements stated in ISO 5349.

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5.6 Illumination For the general level of illuminance at 1m of elevation, the area requirements according to Annex A apply. The uniformity of the illuminance shall be equal to or better than Emin/Emean = 0.5 in process, utility and drilling areas. For lighting calculations a maintenance factor, reflecting the environment and time between maintenance intervals, shall be established and applied. Maintenance factor 0.8 is recommended. Lighting shall be specified for each work place that requires at least daily access or is critical from a safety point of view. For Norway, the guidelines in Luxtabeller from the Norwegian society for good lighting shall be applied in the specification of task lighting. To avoid shadows, illumination planning shall take the location of fixtures, racks and mechanical equipment into consideration. The difference in illuminance level between adjacent indoor areas should not exceed 5:1. In enclosed areas, the difference shall never be more than 40:1 within the total field of vision. Provision shall be made to avoid direct glare from sunshine, from artificial light sources and from reflecting surfaces. Glare in visual display units from reflecting surfaces, lamps and windows shall be avoided. In the design of the lighting, the level of illumination and location of lamps shall make it easy to see obstructions, steps in corridors, walkways etc. Different levels of illuminance require different light colours if the lighting is to be comfortable. Warm colours should be used in cabins and recreation areas where the lighting levels are below 500lux. High colour temperature, whiter light, should be used in areas with high lighting levels. 5.7 Indoor climate Permanently manned work areas shall be enclosed and meet the climate requirements for such areas. Annex A is referred to and, for Norway, Directorate of Labour Inspection, order no. 516. Air inlets shall be located in open air and in areas not contaminated by exhaust outlets. There shall be easy access for internal inspection and cleaning of ducts. Printers, copy machines etc. to be used by more than one person should not be placed in permanently manned rooms unless mounted in special cabinets. Supply air ducts in the living quarters and in permanently manned areas outside the living quarters shall after mechanical completion be cleaned to achieve a dust coverage in accordance with Table 3.

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Table 3 Cleaning classes for supply air ducts. Cleaning class A: High B: Normal Norm 3% 5% Maximum 5% 7% Applies to Cabins, clinic/ward, sensitive instrument rooms Permanently and intermittently manned areas in LQ, offices and coffee bars outside LQ, laboratories, permanently manned control rooms and control cabins Workshops

C. Low

7%

10%

Air extract ducts shall be cleaned to cleaning Class C. Materials containing synthetic mineral fibres, which are used in the living quarters or in permanently manned areas, shall be fully sealed. 5.8 Outdoor operations The percent of time that the individual employee is exposed to a WCI above 1000 W/m2 shall be reduced as far as reasonably practicable for workplaces, where there is frequent work with duration of 10 minutes or more. For evaluations of the acceptability of a WCI above 1000 W/m2, the following operational restrictions should be assumed to prevent harmful effects of wind chill on unprotected skin: WCI > 1600 W/m2: No outdoor work to be performed. 2 1600 W/m2 > WCI > 1500 W/m : The available working time per hour and person increases from 0% to 33% linearly. 2 1500 W/m2 > WCI > 1000 W/m : The available working time per hour and person increases from 33% to 100% linearly. On installations that are planned for use in areas with arctic climate, outdoor operations shall be identified and reduced to a minimum. 5.9 Radiation The location of high voltage equipment (>690V) adjacent to permanently manned work areas and accommodation areas should be avoided. Electromagnetic field shall conform to the limits stated in the DIN VDE 0848, Part 4 - Safety at electro magnetic fields. For protection against radiation from radioactive sources, the national legislation is referred to. The use of radioactive sources on an installation shall be minimised. A separate list of all radioactive sources on the installation shall be prepared. This list shall give information on location, type of equipment and radioactive source, radiation levels and required protection. The radioactive sources shall be adequately marked at the location. The design shall ensure that radioactive sources can be safely transported, handled, applied and stored. NORSOK standard Page 21 of 50

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ANNEX A WORKING ENVIRONMENT AREA LIMITS (NORMATIVE)


Table A.1 Working environment area limits
Room description Level of 1) manning Average illuminance level (lux) 100 150 Temp. Min- Max o C outdoor Vibration limit Noise total dB(A) 80 Noise HVAC dB(A)

External walkways and access ways Stairs, walkways and access ways in enclosed areas Lay down area Muster area Fire pump room General process and utility area HVAC room Switchboard and transformer room Central control room Coffee bars outside LQ Battery room Main generator room Emergency generator room Local control room Inst/El. workshop Mechanical workshop/ welding Stores - Large parts Stores - Small parts Laboratory Paint shop Sand blast room Workshop office Crane cabin Drillers cabin Unmanned machinery room Local instrument room Coffee barsin LQ, TV room etc. Dining room Laundry - machinery area - work area

U U I U I M M U U U I M M

200 200 200 200 200 200 500 Adjustable 150 200 200 200 400 500 500 200 300 500 500 300 500 400 400 Adjustable 200 400 150 300 300 300

outdoor 5-35 outdoor / 5 - 35 5-35 5-35 20-24 19-26 5-35 5-35 5-35 19-26 19-26 16-26 16-26 16-26 19-26 16-26 16-26 19-26 19-26 19-26 5-35 5-35 20-24 20-24 20-24 20-24

2 3 3 3 2 1 2 3 3 3 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 3 2 1 1 2 2

75 75 110 3) 85/90 90 85 50
6) 6)

80

70 45 50 70 70

60 85 3) 85/90 110 60 2) 6) 65 2) 6) 65 65 6) 65 60 6) 65 2) 6) 65 55 7) 65 65 110 75 45 55 75 65


6)

50 50 50 60 60 50 55 55 50 60 60 80 60 40 50 60 60

I/M I I M M M U U I M M M

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Room description

Level of 1) manning M M I M M M M I M M I I I I I I I

Kitchen Dish washing Gymnasium Cabins Clinic/ward Offices/meeting rooms Radio room Toilets/change room Drill floor Monkey board Pipe rack area Mud/well logging Shale shaker Mud room, mixing area Mud room, test station Mud lab BOP and well head areas

Average illuminance level (lux) 500 500 500 150 600 500 500 150 350 200 200 500 300 200 300 300 150

Temp. Min- Max o C 20-24 20-24 20-24 4) 20-24 20-24 20-24 20-24 20-24 outdoor outdoor outdoor 16-26 outdoor outdoor outdoor 16-26 outdoor

Vibration limit 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 5) 1/2 3 3 3 2 3 3 3 2 3

Noise total dB(A) 2) 60 70 50 6) 40 6) 40 6) 45 50 60 85 85 85 60 3) 85/90 3) 85/90 3) 85/90 60 3) 85/90

Noise HVAC dB(A) 55 55 45 35 35 40 45 50

50

55

Notes: 1. M = Permanently manned I = Intermittently manned U = Normally unmanned 2. The noise limit refers to background noise including ventilation system and external noise sources, but not manually controlled operations. For these operations, the maximum noise exposure for 12 hours working day applies. 3. 85dB(A) is preferred in order to ensure that the individual employees maximum exposure to noise during a 12 hours working day is 83dB(A). A maximum area noise level limit of 90dB(A) shall apply, where the lower limit is unfeasible. 4. The control system shall allow for free cooling in cabins to 16C. This shall not be a thermo dynamic design requirement. 5. Category 2 applies outside LQ. 6. For mobile offshore installations, the noise requirement during operations is 5dB(A) higher than the one given in table. 7. For crane cabins, the requirement refers to the equivalent sound level to which the crane driver is exposed during a time period defined by a typical crane cyclus (in Norway cf. definition given in NS 4815).

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ANNEX B VERTICAL AND HORIZONTAL CLEARANCES AND DISTANCES (NORMATIVE)


Table B.1 Vertical and horizontal clearances and distances
Topic Vertical Horizontal MINIMUM CLEARANCES IN ACCESS WAYS AND WORK AREAS Main walkways 2100 mm 1000 mm (2300 mm is recommended) 600 mm Access ways 2100 mm (2050 mm in door openings and above each step in a fixed stepladder) Hatch openings 800 x 800 mm Comments

Min. width 900 mm for access to permanently and intermittently manned workplaces Min. 600 x 600 mm applies for access to cofferdams and tanks from floor / platform

Transportation ways for trolleys / trucks

2100 mm (2300 mm is recommended) 2300 mm

Trolley width + 300 mm / Truck width + 900 mm Down to min 2100 mm acceptable in parts of work areas 700 mm

Work areas

At work position for access to fixed equipment during operation / maintenance Between pipe bottom and floor 150 mm Between external diameter of 250 mm flange and fixed obstruction

250 mm

Space between fixed cabinets min. 250 mm and floor ARRANGEMENT OF WORK AREAS Table top, seated work 680-750 mm Thickness max. 50 mm Width min. 610 mm Depth min. 500/650 mm at knee level/floor level 800-1050 mm

Does not apply to drain pipes Applies to flanges with diameter above 100 mm. Pipes, tubes and fittings shall be accessible for maintenance with necessary space for tools. Preferably fixed on floor without space Easily adjustable from work position in permanently and intermittently manned workplaces

Clearances for legs below work surface, seated work

Table top, standing work

Easily adjustable from work position in permanently and intermittently manned workplaces

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Topic The centre height of control devices above floor level (including valve handles)

Vertical max. 1800 mm

Horizontal

Visual displays above floor level, standing work

1100 - 2000 mm

Comments Does not apply to controls in infrequent use (< once pr. month) 900 - 1500 mm for controls in daily use and for controls where access in an emergency is required. For displays in daily use and for displays where reading in an emergency is required. Location of critical displays to be based on task analysis, ref. clause 4.9.5.

Electrical contacts and 900-1500 mm switches above floor Sink, heights above floor 600 mm FLOOR, DECK SURFACES, PLATFORMS Maximum unprotected openings

100 x 100 mm

Maximum opening in grating

20 mm

Maximum unsecured height drop to lower level Maximum height difference in one step between floor / deck levels in access ways GUARDRAILS Height from floor to top of railing Free space between handrail knee rail - toe plate Height toe plate

800 mm

Larger openings shall be covered or secured by guardrail or similar. Hatches with coaming height below 750 mm to be equipped with railing. Note 3. Grating shall not allow a ball with greater diameter to fall through. Applies above places with presence of persons, otherwise 35 mm. Also applies to stairs. Higher drops to be secured by guardrails, railings or bulkwalk

350 mm

min 1000 mm max 380 mm min 100 mm max 15 mm opening between toe plate and floor 25 - 50 mm

Also applies for distance between stair railing and step. Min two knee rails for guardrails above floor.

Handrail - diameter LADDERS, STEPLADDERS1) Inclinations Min. / max. width between uprights Spacing between rungs 250 - 300 mm

Note 2 400 mm / 600 mm Rungs evenly spaced and so constructed that they effectively prevent the foot from slipping sideways.

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Topic Maximum allowable height of continuous ladders Clearance between the ladder and fixed parts of the surrounding: in front of the ladder behind the front of rungs

Vertical 10000 mm

Horizontal

Comments Note 3. Rest landing minimum at each 6000 mm for ladders above 10000 mm.

Safety cage for ladders higher than Safety cages: start at a height above floor / deck terminates at a height above upper level Diameter of safety cage STAIRS

650 mm 200 mm (150 mm for discontinuous obstacles) 3000 mm Hand grips to extend min. 1100 mm above upper level.

2200 - 3000 mm min. 1100 mm

700 - 800 mm Note 2. See also NORSOK Standard C-002

Notes: 1. 2. Reference: prEN 12437-4 Inclinations Ramps: 0 - 10 Range to be avoided: 11 - 20 Stairways: 21 - 45 Recommended 30 - 38 Fixed stepladder: 46 - 75 Recommended 46 - 60; preferred to fixed ladder Fixed ladder: 76 - 90 3. For Norway, requirements in NPD Guidelines on means of access, stairs, ladders etc. are referred to when active.

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ANNEX C DETAILED REQUIREMENTS RELATED TO INSTALLATION AREAS (NORMATIVE) C.1 Living Quarters

NORSOK standard C-001 is referred to for requirements to living quarters.

C.2

Drilling Unit

There shall be anti-skid flooring in work and transportation areas. There shall be sufficient storage space near the work area for auxiliary equipment that is used temporarily. The heavy equipment storeroom shall have a location that makes transportation/lifting onto/from the drill floor easy. Arrangements shall be made to avoid unnecessary traffic on the drill floor. There shall be suitable conditions for appropriate handling of heavy logging instruments. The driller shall from a normal working position have an unrestricted view of the risk zone of the equipment that he controls. Windows towards the rotary, top drive and finger board shall have an effective cleaning system which ensures satisfactory visibility in all kinds of situations. It shall be possible to maintain the cleaning system in a simple and safe manner. The design of the derrickmans cabin shall meet the requirements to crane drivers cabin, see clause C3, points 1 to 5. The adding and mixing of powder to drilling mud shall be enclosed to reduce the danger of chemical exposure. Adding and mixing operations that involve manual lifting/carrying should be avoided. The chemical sack room and the mud mixing room should be situated on the same floor and in the immediate vicinity of each other. It shall be possible to put pallets of sacks on the lifting table near a possible sack cutting machine, using a truck or pallet lift. A separate mud laboratory with office facilities shall be provided.

C.3

Crane Drivers Cabin

The crane drivers cabin shall be designed so that the crane driver, when sitting in a normal position, has an unrestricted view of all loading positions. The crane drivers chair shall be placed on rails so as to ensure ease of movement both backward and forward. The chair shall be easily accessible for both entering and leaving. The crane drivers chair shall meet the general requirements for chairs, have good individual adjustment qualities and shall be designed to provide good resting comfort. The support provided by the armrests shall be suitably adapted to the operator and the control levers. Control levers attached to the crane drivers chair shall follow the chairs movements. Other controls shall be placed within the recommended working areas for hands and feet. Conditions shall be suitable for easy and safe cleaning of windows both externally and internally, as well as cleaning and replacement of windshield wipers. It shall be possible to use telephones and other communication equipment in a loudspeaking mode. There should be a chair or seat for the instructor for use during on the job training. The cabin shall be provided with adjustable lighting or with direct instrument lighting and a reading lamp. NORSOK standard Page 27 of 50

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ANNEX D TYPICAL HAZARDOUS SUBSTANCES (NORMATIVE) D.1 Hazardous Substances that are prohibited
Table D.1 Hazardous substances that are prohibited Compound 2-naftylamine and their salts 4-aminobiphenyl and their salts Benzidin and their salts 4-nitrodiphenyl Asbestos Cadmium compounds Carbontetrachloride CFC type chemicals Halon Mercury compounds PCB Atapulgitt Alpha-sepiolite Trichloromethane (chloroform) 1,1,2-trichloroethane 1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethane 1,1,1,2-tetrachloroethane Pentachloroethane 1,1-dichloroethylene 1,1,1-Trichloroethane Formula CAS no. 91-59-8 92-67-1 92-87-5 92-93-3 1332-21-4 CCl4 56-23-5 Reference SAM SAM SAM SAM Regulations relating to asbestos Par-com-I Montr.prot, Tx,K3 Montr.prot, SFT Montr.prot, SFT Par-com I Par-com I , SFT SAM SAM SFT SFT SFT SFT SFT SFT Montr.prot, SFT

CHCl3

67-66-3 79-00-5 79-34-5 630-20-6 76-01-7 75-35-4 71-55-6

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D.2

Hazardous Substances that shall be evaluated for substitution with less hazardous substances

Table D.2 Hazardous substances that shall be evaluated for substitution with less hazardous substances Compound Arsenic compounds Benzene Bitumene Chromates (VI) Ethyleneglycol monoethyl ether (2-Etoxyethanol) Ethyleneglycol monoethyl ether acetate (2-Etoxyethylacetate) Ethyleneglycol monomethyl ether ( 2- Metoxyethanol) Ethyleneglycol monomethylether acetate ( 2-Metoxyethylacetate) Formaldehyde n-Hexane Isocyanates Lead compounds Methanedichloride Nickel Compounds Trichloroethylene Formula C6H6 CAS no. 71-43-2 8052-42-4 110-80-5 111-15-9 109-86-4 110-49-6 HCHO C6H14 50-00-0 110-54-3 Reference Par-com - II K2 K3 K3,A,R R R R R A,K3,T R SAM, A Par-com II, SAM K3 A K3

CH2Cl2

75-09-2 79-01-6

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D.3
ParCom

References
Paris Commission, Guidelines regarding harmonisation of procedures of approval , evaluation and testing of offshore chemicals and drilling mud. Annex F part I Annex F part II Montreal Protocol on substances that deplete the Ozone layer. With amendments 1990. Regulations from Norwegian State Pollution Control Authority (SFT) Norwegian Petroleum Directorates Regulations relating to systematic follow-up of the working environment in the petroleum activities (Systematisk oppflging av arbeidsmiljet i petroleumvirksomheten) Cancerogenic (K), Allergic (A), Reproduction toxic (R), Very toxic (Tx) or Toxic (T) according to Regulations concerning labelling, sale etc. of chemical substances and products which may involve a hazard to health.

ParCom II Montr.prot

SFT SAM

K,A,R,Tx,T

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ANNEX E VIBRATION LIMIT CURVES (NORMATIVE)

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ANNEX F WORKING ENVIRONMENT AREA CHART (NORMATIVE)


WORKING ENVIRONMENT AREA CHART Installation: Room/area name: Doc.no. Rev. Date Page

Module/level:

Area no.: Manning:1)

WORKING ENVIRONMENT AREA LIMITS Factor Limit/level2) Preliminary prediction3) Predicted at issue for construction3) As built4) Status5) / Notes6)

Noise: Vibration

Total HVAC

Illumination Temperature Air changes pr. hour Types of hazardous substances7) : GENERAL Factor Document id. no.8) Description of identified hazards/nonconformities/ comments Decision Status5) / Notes6)

Arrangements Ergonomics Technical appliances Chemical substances Outdoor operations Radiation Notes6):

PREPARED BY9) :

CHECKED BY9):

APPROVED BY9):

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Notes: 1. Level of manning, see Annex A: Permanently manned (M); Intermittently manned (I); Normally unmanned (U). 2. To be established according to clause 4.8.1. 3. Preliminary prediction and prediction at issue for construction shall be made for noise, see clause 4.8.2. The needs of two separate predictions shall be evaluated for other factors. 4. Measured values during commissioning. 5. Status: OK; Action required (AR); Nonconformity, action pending (NCP); Nonconformity, approved (NCA); Not identified (NI); Not applicable (NA) 6. State references to underlying documentation, e.g. nonconformity reports 7. List all identified chemicals, that are planned for use and that may represent a health hazard, ref. clause 4.9. 8. State document identification number for performed working environment analyses and design reviews. 9. May be replaced by signatures on common front sheet.

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ANNEX G

LIST OF APPLICABLE ACTS, REGULATIONS, STANDARDS AND GUIDELINES FOR THE NORWEGIAN CONTINENTAL SHELF (INFORMATIVE)

G.1

Acts and Regulations

Acts, regulations and provisions for the petroleum activity, Vol. 1 and 2. Norwegian Petroleum Directorate, Stavanger. See especially: Act relating to worker protection and working environment. Regulations relating to systematic follow-up of the working environment in the petroleum activities (Systematisk oppflging av arbeidsmiljet i petroleumvirksomheten). Regulations relating to labelling, sale etc. of chemical substances and products that may involve a hazard to health. Regulations relating to asbestos. Safety data sheets for chemical substances and products. Directorate of Labour Inspection, Order no. 452 (EU Council Directive for Safety Data Sheets). Machines (Maskiner). Directorate of Labour Inspection, Order no. 522 (EU Council Directives for Machinery Safety). Work at visual display terminals (Arbeid ved dataskjerm). Directorate of Labour Inspection, Order no. 528 (EU Council Directive on the minimum safety and health requirements for work with display screen equipment). Heavy and repetitive work (Tungt og ensformig arbeid). Directorate of Labour Inspection, Order no. 531 (EU Council Directive on the minimum health and safety requirements for the manual handling of loads where there is a risk particularly of back injury to workers). Several other Norwegian regulations include requirements of relevance to the working environment.

G.2

Standards and Guidelines

Administrative norms for pollution in the working atmosphere (in Norwegian). Directorate of Labour Inspection, Order no. 361. Climate and air quality in the work place. Directorate of Labour Inspection, Order no. 516. Lux tables (Luxtabeller), Norwegian Society for Good Lighting.

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ANNEX H
SDS-050

NOISE DATA SHEET (INFORMATIVE)


Noise data sheet enclosed

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NOISE DATA SHEET

SDS-050 Rev. 3, Nov. 1997 Page 1 of 1 Rev.


Location/module No. req'd Inquiry No. Quote No. P.o. No. Job No. Serial No.

Package no.
Tag no. Unit Service Size & type Supplier Manufacturer Model 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46

Doc. no.

EQUIPMENT DESIGN DATA Calculated L=SWL - SPL Efficiency Driver type Driver speed Equipment speed Gear tooth contact rate Blades/vanes pass frequency Number of stator/number of rotor blade ratio Octave band centre frequency, Hz 250 500 1000 2000 dB (Note 1) % rpm rpm Hz

Equipment size (l x w x h) Power Capacity Pressure disch. Pressure suction Equipment weight COMPANY SPECIFIED DATA Noise Level Limits (Note 1)

m kW

kg

dBA

31.5

63

125

4000

8000

Special requirement:

Noise test required: SUPPLIER DATA Guaranteed Noise Levels (Note 1)

Yes O

No O

Optional O Octave band centre frequency, Hz 250 500 1000 2000

dBA

31.5

63

125

4000

8000

Narrow band component, Yes O Method for Noise Level Test:

No O

Frequency/octave band:

Hz

Description of implemented noise control measures / other information

AS BUILT NOISE DATA Measured noise levels (Note 1)

dBA

31.5

63

125

Octave band centre frequency, Hz 250 500 1000 2000

4000

8000

Special information

Note 1

SPL SWL

Sound pressure level in dB (re. 20 Pa) at 1 m distance free field conditions. Sound power level in dB (re. 1 pW).

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ANNEX I

EXAMPLES OF METHODS FOR ANALYSIS OF THE WORKING ENVIRONMENT (INFORMATIVE)

I.1
I.1.1

Working Environment Risk Analyses


Job Safety Analysis

The aim of a job safety analysis (JSA) is to identify and evaluate the hazards, to which employees are exposed when performing work activities. Coarse and detailed JSA differ in the level of detail, by which the activities are broken down. A JSA is carried out in a JSA team, consisting of project personnel and representatives of the user group. It follows a stepwise procedure: 1. Delimit the analysis to work activities within an area, in connection with a machine etc. 2. Identify the activities of the area/machine. In detailed JSA, each activity is described, step by step. 3. Identify relevant hazards for each activity / sub-activity. 4. Estimate the expected frequency and consequences of accidents due to exposure to the identified hazards. 5. Evaluate needs of remedial actions. Steps 2, 3 and 4 of the analysis are supported by checklists. The results are documented in a table, showing activity, hazards, causes, expected frequency and consequences and actions. Reference: Harms-Ringdahl, L.: Risk Analysis - Principles and Practices in Occupational Safety. Elsevier, London, 1993.

I.1.2

Chemical Handling Analysis

The Chemical handling analysis is a variation of the JSA, which focuses on risks of exposure to chemical substances. It involves the following steps: 1. Identify hazardous chemicals that are planned for use during operation (incl. drilling) and maintenance of the installation. 2. For each chemical, list all activities associated with it from when the chemical is brought to the installation and until it is disposed of. Include handling/transportation, storage and use. 3. For each activity, identify risks of employees being exposed to the chemical through inhalation, digestion or skin contact. 4. Estimate the frequency and extent of exposure and evaluate the risk of developing an occupational accident or disease considering the toxicity of the chemical. 5. Evaluate needs of remedial actions I.1.3 Comparison Risk Analysis

Comparison risk analysis results in an assessment of the expected increase/decrease in the accident frequency rate of the new installation, as compared to the historical accident frequency rate of existing reference installations. It involves the establishment of a database on accidents from the reference installations. This is manipulated in order to establish a simulated database of expected accidents on the new installation. The analysis is performed in four steps:

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1. Selection of reference platforms and establishment of reference database. 2. Analysis of the accidents in the database by activity and hazard for each area of the installations. 3. Assessments of changes in exposure to hazards and probability of accidents for the new installation in relation to the reference installations, considering design, manning and operations program of the new and the reference installations. This part of the analysis is documented in a table for each area of the platform. It shows the historical accident frequencies for the reference installations, the expected accident frequencies for the new installation, and the detailed assessments that have been made. 4. Calculation of accident frequency rates for different areas and occupations on the new installation and for the installation as a whole. Reference: Kjelln, U.: Integrating analyses of the risk of occupational accidents into the design process - Part II: Method for prediction of the LTI-rate. Safety Science, Vol. 19, p. 318, 1995.

I.2

Psycho-Social Analysis

Demand-resource analysis (DRA) is a systematic method for evaluation of the different aspects of the working environment of a position on the installation. It focuses on the interactions between the employee in this position and the environment concerning: job demands, social interaction, self determination, and provisions for coping through leisure activities.

A panel of operators and managers representing this position on an existing installation and project personnel and working environment experts perform the DRA. They scrutinise design and planned organisation and manning by examining the interactions between the employees in the position and the environment. The eight first areas cover physical factors and the last five psycho-social factors of the working environment. A profile showing the extent of positive and negative stresses for each area along with comments is compiled.

I.3
I.3.1

Ergonomic Analysis
Task Analysis

In a task analysis, units of work are identified and described in order to analyse the resources necessary for successful work performance. Both the requirements to the employees capabilities (skills, knowledge, etc.) and to the working environment (controls, displays, procedures, etc.) are considered. There are many variations of task analysis. A simple method adapted for industrial use, lists the sequence of tasks by purpose, action, needed information input, and problems related to controls, displays and working posture. Results are used in order to identify the requirements for a good design as input to the redesign of the workplace.

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Reference:

EN 614, Safety of machinery - Ergonomic design principles. Part 1: Terminology and general principles. Salvendy, G. (Ed.): Handbook of Human Factors. Whiley, 1986.

I.3.2

CRIOP

The objective of a CRIOP-analysis is to evaluate the design, manning and procedures of a control centre in relation to its expected ability to handle disturbances that, if not properly handled, may cause major accidents. A CRIOP analysis consists of two steps: 1. Review of the static characteristics of the control centre by use of a checklist. 2. Scenario analysis, including task analysis. The static review includes arrangements, man-machine interfaces, physical working environment, control- and safety systems, work organisation, procedures and training program. In the scenario analysis, STEP-diagrams of potential accident scenarios are established. A STEPdiagram shows the different actors (humans, objects) along the y-axis. Time is shown on the xaxis. Actions are displayed in the diagram by actor and point in time. In the next step, critical actions are identified, where human errors may have sever consequences. For each critical action, design, manning and procedures are evaluated by considering the operators possibilities to detect and diagnose hazards and to take proper actions. Reference: Ingstad, O. and Bostad, L.: CRIOP - A scenario-method for evaluation of the offshore control centre. SINTEF Report STF75 A89028, Trondheim, 1990.

I.3.3

Valves and Instrument Access and Operability Review

The aim of a valves and instrument access and operability review is to verify, that the operators access during their daily inspection rounds is safe and efficient. The review is carried out in a team, consisting of project personnel and representatives of the user group. It follows a stepwise procedure: 1. Identify the route through the process and utility areas that the operator takes during the daily inspection tour. 2. Identify on a P&ID the valves, instruments, etc. that are accessed during this tour. 3. Review the walkway and the access to the identified tag numbers in relation to the requirements to safe and easy access. This may be done on the basis of arrangement drawing or threedimensional CAD.

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ANNEX J J.1 Scope

PROCEDURE FOR NOISE CONTROL (INFORMATIVE)

This document describes the procedure for noise control of offshore installations and equipment. It describes the activities and studies, reports and documentation which shall be covered during design and fabrication of an installation in order to ensure that the requirements given in NORSOK S-002 are implemented in the execution of the evaluations, analyses and final design. The procedure defines the Contractors responsibility for acoustics, noise and vibration control and its documentation during the concept, engineering, fabrication, commissioning and early production phases. The same responsibilities apply to the Contractors sub-contractors.

J.2

Aim

The aim of this document is to establish a satisfactory noise control engineering working practice in order to limit the noise level and attain satisfactory sound insulation and acoustic conditions throughout all parts of the designed installation (accommodation, utility, drilling and production areas). A good acoustic environment and controlled noise levels: reduce risk of permanent hearing damage to an acceptable level and prevent accident risks and other health hazards, ensure that warning signals and emergency messages are clearly audible, allow adequate speech, telephone and radio communication and audible oral perception, make possible a reasonable level of conversational privacy, maintain working efficiency and proficiency of personnel performing designated tasks and provide an acceptable sleeping and recreational environment in accommodation area (living quarters). The work philosophy shall be to obtain a satisfactory working environment with regard to Acoustics, Noise and Vibration at the lowest possible cost - without reducing the quality and the accessibility or increase the maintenance and the production costs. This shall be attained through: Involvement of noise control engineers and co-operation with process, electrical, instrument, piping, layout and mechanical (drilling) disciplines throughout the project. Involvement of experienced personnel from existing installations. Acceptance of noise control as an integral part of the design - also on process optimisation - from the first stage of the project.

J.3

Requirements
Working Environment

NORSOK S-002,

In Norway, the following acts and regulations apply: Act relating to worker protection and working environment. Regulations relating to systematic follow-up of the working environment in the petroleum activities (Systematisk oppflging av arbeidsmiljet i petroleumvirksomheten). NORSOK standard Page 41 of 50

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Other references: CONCAWE report 87/59 procedure for plant design

The prediction of noise radiated from pipe systems - an engineering

J.4

Organisation and Responsibilities

The engineering team should be equipped with at least one experienced noise control engineer, working with noise control as their main activity. The noise control engineer is responsible for noise control activities as defined by the noise control flow chart, Figure J.1. This includes establishment of specific noise control requirements, noise evaluations and calculations and documentation of results. Table J.1 gives a summary of the different noise control related activities which the various disciplines in an engineering team are responsible for. This should be used as a check-list for ensuring that the necessary activities are included in the scope of work during the different phases of the design. Table J.1 Discipline Architectural Responsibilities and activities within an engineering project team Responsibilities Implement requirements for acoustic absorption in area design. In collaboration with Noise control specialist, identify areas with specific requirements for airborne noise insulation. Implement floating floors, visco-elastic floor systems, vibration-reducing cassettes, etc. where deemed necessary by the noise control evaluations. Ensure that requisitions for doors/windows/internal and external wall systems, etc. include necessary acoustic requirements. Ensure that requisitions for all noise emitting equipment include necessary requirements for noise and vibration control. Consider noise control aspects when designing the ventilation system, e.g. air velocity, pressure drops, location of system elements. Specify required extent of primary and secondary sound attenuators in the ventilation system and include attenuation requirements in the equipment requisition. Ensure that requisitions for all noise emitting equipment include necessary requirements for noise and vibration control Ensure that requisition for control valves includes noise limit and a requirement for calculating noise levels from the valves. Ensure that requisition for orifice plates includes a requirement for calculation of generated noise. Ensure that requisitions for all noise emitting equipment include necessary requirements for noise and vibration control. Evaluate requirements for noise control treatment. Ensure noise testing requirements are implemented in the package specification.

Electrical HVAC

Instrument

Mechanical

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Discipline Piping/Layout

Process

Safety

Structural

Tele communication

Responsibilities Ensure layout has considered location of noisy sources with relation to noisesensitive areas, both on a horizontal level and vertically. Ensure layout has considered implementation of corridors/buffer zones between noisy and noise-sensitive areas. Ensure that there is enough space for implementation of noise control measures (where required) around equipment. Ensure that noise control aspects are considered during line sizing and process design. Include requirements for acoustic insulation of piping on the P & IDs. Ensure that requisitions for any noise emitting equipment include necessary acoustic requirements. Ensure that working environment area charts include requirements to total area noise levels and HVAC noise levels Ensure that structural design of supports and deck areas under main items rotating and reciprocating equipment, takes into account required stiffness to avoid vibration problems Evaluate the conditions and intelligibility of the public address (PA) system.

J.5

Work Procedure and Instructions

This section gives a stepwise procedure for the execution, management and documentation of acoustics, noise and vibration control during the different phases of a project. Project phase designations are indicative. The steps shall not necessarily be taken in the described order. For modification projects, the procedure as given herein may be simplified dependent on the type of project. The applicable parts shall be considered. The principal activities of the procedure are also shown by the FLOW CHART presented in Figure J.1.

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Figure J.1

NOISE CONTROL FLOW CHART


Review area layout and initiate any necessary changes Define area limits Evaluate planned manning and possible personnel exposure levels Identify main sources

Specify maximum noise levels for equipment as input to package specifications Review bid info./data and participate in bid clarification meetings Calculate area noise levels
Coarse noise evaluation report

Evaluate possible control measures

Area control measures (e.g. layout, acoustic absorption, pipe insulation)

Equipment control measures (e.g. alternative equipment, enclosures, lagging etc.)

Recalculate area noise levels Consider further control measures Include modifications Follow-up of equipment and platform design Witness of supplier noise test Acceptance and installation of equipment

Noise prediction report

Identify remedial actions

Perform area noise surveys

Platform area noise survey report

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J.5.1 Step 1

Concept evaluations

During concept selection and optimisation, the following principal noise and vibration control subjects shall be evaluated; the localisation of major noise and vibration emitting equipment and areas with noise generating activities with regard to quiet areas such as living quarters, offices, laboratories and control rooms. the use of low noise equipment. acoustic modifications at source. identification of any items of equipment which should be isolated due to high noise levels and proximity to other items which will require regular maintenance. layout and arrangement changes, local or general (use of buffer zones). acoustic insulation and vibration isolation. valve and pipe noise control philosophy. Decisions taken at this stage may have a major influence on the total cost of the installation as well as acoustics, noise and vibration control measures. The acoustical evaluation shall therefore be an integral part of all relevant evaluations by all disciplines. The analyses of noise emissions and energy consumption should be co-ordinated. The main items of mechanical equipment which must be evaluated as early as possible include, as a minimum: gas compressors (motor and turbine driven) main generators (turbine driven) diesel engines (for emergency generators, firewater pumps, pedestal cranes, etc.) large pump sets (e.g. oil export, water injection, methanol injection) air compressors drilling equipment (e.g. shale shakers, mud pumps, drawworks, top drive) Engineering Evaluations

J.5.2 Step 2

Define preliminary noise level limits for each area/room on the installation, based on NORSOK S002, Appendix A. Identify noise sources and evaluate principal acoustic and noise control solutions. Ensure input from operations concerning plan for manning levels on the platform and exposure periods for different categories of personnel on the installation and the areas in which they may spend time. Based on this evaluation and using the first specification of area noise levels, derive preliminary predictions of personnel noise exposure levels and revise the area limits or relocate equipment if necessary. Noise and vibration sources that may contribute to the overall area noise level, shall be identified and their characteristics predicted. Principal acoustics, noise and vibration control solutions shall be NORSOK standard Page 45 of 50

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evaluated. Co-operation by all relevant disciplines is required, including layout, architectural, mechanical (drilling), electrical, instrument, piping, structure, HVAC, and safety.

Reports/Documentation :

Specific area noise level limits for total and HVAC noise. (May also be input to Working Environment Area Limits report).

Step 3 Calculate maximum noise level limits for equipment and machinery. Give requirements for sound absorption treatment, sound insulation solutions and vibration isolation. (Normal and extreme conditions should be evaluated where possible). Possible relocation of equipment should be evaluated if necessary. The following procedure should be adopted when specifying maximum permissible noise emission from equipment: 1. 2. 3. 4. Establish area noise level limits (see Step 2). Calculate the acoustic properties of enclosed spaces. Determine the total "permissible" sound power emission into the area (From 1. & 2.). Distribute the permissible sound power emission between the items in the area, including pipe and structure borne noise, on the basis of their size, duty, operation cycle, typical (empirical) noise emission and the available noise control hardware. 5. Make allowance for additive effects of direct sound from adjacent sources. (A noise prediction model should be established). 6. Decide on the adequate form of specification (whether limits for sound pressure level, sound power level or both shall be stated). Reports/Documentation : Step 4 All inquiries for proposals for noisy or potentially noisy equipment shall be accompanied by: a) a Special Technical Specification which covers the requirements to vendor information and tests, and b) a Noise Data Sheet on which the maximum noise level limits acceptable to the Company shall be specified (several disciplines involved). The Special Technical Specification is normally a part of a Master Package Specification whereas the Noise Data Sheet is usually included in the package specification/inquiry documentation. Due to the uncertainties present in all noise measurements and calculation procedures, it is practical to design to noise levels 3 dB below the relevant area limits. This approach will also compensate for problems with increased noise in time. Such a safety margin, however, shall always be considered with respect to cost and technical basis. The noise and vibration data and noise and vibration control measures stated in the Coarse Noise Evaluation Report, shall be the basis for decisions and for a closer investigation in areas where noise level limits may be exceeded. Coarse Noise Evaluation Report

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The requirements to sound insulation, sound absorption and vibration isolation shall be specified and implemented in the design, both for equipment and structures. Reports/Documentation : Step 5 Review bid information and noise data and ensure that the noise control engineer participates in bid clarification meetings for potentially noisy equipment. A duly completed Noise Data Sheet shall be returned from each of the prospective vendors for noise emitting equipment. Vibration data shall be asked for when adequate and required. All bids shall be duly reviewed and incomplete data sheets returned to the vendor for completion. All bids shall be reviewed with respect to: measured/estimated and guaranteed noise levels noise and vibration control design noise and vibration control cost increment If Company requirements cannot be met by vendors standard acoustic design, vendor shall present special design alternatives together with extra cost estimate. Based on vendor information, possible revised noise limits for single and package equipment shall be entered in the noise data sheet for purchase. All noise data shall be guaranteed in contract. Preferably, documentation of the feasibility of the guaranteed values shall be provided. Step 6 Further analysis and implementation of the requirements to sound insulation, sound absorption and vibration isolation to be performed. Based on experience and valve/pump/compressor noise estimations, requirements for piping acoustic insulation shall be implemented. The extent of the insulation will be revised as final Supplier data for equipment and valves becomes available and as the process design develops. A dedicated procedure for the calculation and evaluation of noise from piping systems is given below, where the steps do not need to be taken in sequential order: 1. Evaluate the process system and identify the noise sources, such as valves, pumps and compressors. 2. Collect adequate process data such as fluid type(s), pressure(s) and flow conditions. 3. Identify pump and compressor power and rotational and vane tip speed(s). 4. Using suppliers estimate of valve noise levels and pump and compressor noise levels, evaluate level both to surroundings and in pipe. 5. Estimate max. flow velocities in pipes and corresponding noise levels. Noise data sheets

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6. Contact supplier for proposals for low noise valves and flow restriction orifices where found necessary. 7. Prepare requirements to valve trim (treatment), silencers, vibration isolation and acoustic insulation of pipes and equipment and/or maximum flow velocities. 8. Prepare and discuss alternative noise control measures with relevant persons in the project process, piping and mechanical disciplines. 9. Try to "distribute" pressure drops in the system and/or avoid unnecessary pressure build up by use of variable pump and compressor speed. 10.Update estimations, as relevant when adequate noise data are available. 11.If possible, prepare a "follow up" measuring program in order to collect "feed back" on noise and vibration in piping systems. CONCAWE report 87/59 The prediction of noise radiated from pipe systems - an engineering procedure for plant design is recommended used as a basis for the estimations of pipe noise. Step 7 In specified areas where whole body vibration limits may be exceeded, a review of the structural disciplines evaluation of the structural vibration levels with respect to human exposure should be made. Step 8 In cases where the main engineering contractor has the overall responsibility for noise control design of the installation, the need for carrying out full quality audits of sub-contractors should be evaluated, e.g. contractors for living quarters, process ship hulls, other modules, etc. This may be required to verify conformity of requirements and interface items in the design. Step 9 Based on guaranteed noise and vibration data for purchased equipment, layout, acoustic absorption treatment, sound insulation and vibration isolation, the acoustic and noise control status shall be documented. A Noise Prediction Report shall be prepared. Predicted values for valve, pipe and ventilation noise shall be included. The noise levels may also be stated in the Working Environment Area Charts. Reports/Documentation : J.5.3 Step 10 All noisy equipment shall be tested during the Fabrication Acceptance Test. All test results shall be documented. The test should preferably be witnessed by the project noise control engineer or alternatively, another member of the project team who is capable of evaluating the test results and determining the need for implementation of remedial actions while at the test site (in accordance with Step 11). Fabrication Noise Prediction Report

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Step 11 Test results shall be reviewed against noise data sheet performance values. Excessive noise and vibration shall be documented and vendor shall start work on remedy to fulfil required levels. Company shall approve such remedial designs before being incorporated. Improved equipment shall be subject to a re-test. If a factory re-test cannot be arranged, provisions must be made for a test on site, preferably in connection with the commissioning testing. A re-test may be avoided if recommended remedial actions can be documented well enough so as to be able to guarantee the noise level which the equipment will emit when finally in operation on the installation. Step 12 The Contractor shall follow up delivery of materials, elements, equipment and machinery and its installation on site with particular respect to acoustics, noise and vibration control. This is a part of the Mechanical Completion on acoustics, noise and vibration. J.5.4 Step 13 Full noise level mapping of all areas shall be performed. Where feasible, this shall be made during the commissioning phase. For other areas, this shall be done after start-up when all relevant noise sources are in operation. A preliminary noise test is recommended during commissioning of equipment, which represent noise sources that may lead to excess of the area limits. The measurements shall be performed with equipment in normal operation. A measuring program shall be included in the commissioning procedure. Whole body vibration levels, sound insulation and sound absorption shall be measured as applicable. Noise from the ventilation system should be measured prior to start-up of the other major noise sources on the installation. The measurement results from all the different types of measurements shall be documented in the Platform Area Noise Survey Report. Reports/Documentation : Platform Area Noise Survey Report Commissioning

J.6

Process and System Calculations

A good and cost-effective design of an installation requires; 1. Inclusion of noise control requirements in all relevant package specifications.

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2. Review of pipe sizing specifications and process specifications for coverage of noise control (this shall already be included as part of the NORSOK line sizing requirements). Calculation of noise from pipes at different fluid velocities. 3. Evaluation of equipment or item noise reduction costs versus resultant noise levels in all areas in order to optimise the technical/economical solutions. 4. Estimation of uncertainties in calculations - both due to calculation procedures/formulae and possible off spec operating conditions. Estimation of overall or resultant uncertainty. 5. Evaluation of the relation between costs and uncertainties of specific noise control measures (high uncertainty in a high cost measure to be evaluated against low uncertainties in low cost measures etc. - recommendations to be specified). 6. Adequate specification of retrofit noise control measures - related to uncertainties and costs of inclusion of these or other measures in primary design and fabrication.

J.7

Exchange of Information

In order to obtain a satisfactory level of co-operation between the Engineering Contractor and the Company, exchange of information is of great importance. Company data that should be made available for the Engineering Contractor: Experience data from earlier projects or present installations. Preliminary manning plan for the installation. Distribution of working hours by area for the different personnel positions in the platforms organisation. Noise control requirements as given in frame agreement contracts. The information from the Engineering Contractor should cover the following documentation; All Studies and Analyses which are documented in reports. Noise Data Sheets for all types of equipment. Special noise control measures for equipment and machinery.

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