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Science 8 Test 1

Section I: What Is Science
Observations are anything that you can… 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Name: _________________________


A Hypothesis is…

7. An Experiment includes the following:

An Experimental C_____________ (the situation as you originally observed it) one or more V____________ (changes to the control)


The steps in the scientific method are: 8. State the ______________________ 9. Form the ______________________ 10. Perform the ______________________ 11. Record the _______________________ 12. A__________________________________
13. C____________________________ 14. R________________________

Section II: Classification

What is the most important first step a scientist needs to take when attempting to classify any organism?

List five Kingdoms of living organisms described in the classical system of taxonomy: 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. Rearrange this scrambled list of classification words in the correct order, starting with the largest group at the top to the smallest group at the bottom. Be Careful, SPELLING COUNTS!

Largest Class Family Genus Kingdom Order Phylum Species → ___________________________ ___________________________ ___________________________ ___________________________ ___________________________ ___________________________ ___________________________ Smallest

What 3 main characteristics would you look for to identify a living organism as an insect? 22. 23. 24. 25. What phylum in the animal kingdom contains over 900,000 species?

Section III: Ecology


28. Two different beetles that live in our school woodlot both eat the same food. What is the ecological term that describes this kind of process that occurs when different organisms need the same resource?

29. List three abiotic factors in our school woodlot:

30. List three biotic factors in our school woodlot:

31. What is the ecological term that means two organisms live together and benefit from their interaction with one another (each is helped in some way)?

32. Dragonflies eat other insects. What is the name for the type or relationship between the Dragonfly and an insect it eats?




Section IV: Interpreting Data and Making Predictions
Some young entomologiststcollected H u C lleto s S rsummer, e" then again in the fall. The N me o I s csint e4h insects over the t db " r and u b r f ne h t o r o ci n, o e y Od r numbers of insects, sorted by order, are shown below.
10 0 9 0 8 0 7 0 6 0 5 0 4 0 3 0 2 0 1 0 0



36. In the summer there the largest numbers of insects collected were Lepidoptera, and in the fall largest

numbers were Orthoptera. Use the back of this page to propose a hypothesis describing what would happen to the numbers of these organisms if we collected insects in the spring. Be sure to use the “If, Then, Because” format for your hypothesis. (3 pts.) Extra Credit: Entomologists know that there are more species of beetles than any other kind of arthropod, however the Coleoptera are not the most numerous in either of these graphs. Use the back of this page to make an argument explaining how this data supports the idea that coleoptera are the most abundant order. (3 pts)