Hilton Trinidad and Conference Centre 10th March 2010

Hilton Hotel, Port of Spain, 10th March 2010
Introduction ........................................................................................................................................... 3 Meeting Objectives ................................................................................................................................ 3 Summary of Key Points and Recommendations ................................................................................... 3 Background............................................................................................................................................ 4 The Energy and Climate Partnership of the Americas (ECPA) ............................................................................. 4 The Caribbean Renewable Energy Centre (CREC) ................................................................................................. 5 Meeting Overview .................................................................................................................................. 5 Welcome remarks .......................................................................................................................................................... 5
Senator the Honourable Minister of Energy and Energy Industries Trinidad & Tobago, Conrad Enill ............................................ 5

Opening remarks............................................................................................................................................................ 6
David Small, Director, Policy & Performance, Trinidad & Tobago MEEI .................................................................................... 6

Introductory remarks .................................................................................................................................................... 6
Samuel Browne, Office of American Affairs/Office of Policy and International Affairs - USDOE ................................................. 6 Joseph Williams, Energy Programme Manager, CARICOM Secretariat .......................................................................................... 7

Ongoing Regional Initiatives........................................................................................................................................ 7
Joseph Williams, Energy Programme Manager, CARICOM Secretariat .......................................................................................... 7 Mauricio Solano, Energy Specialist, Energy and Climate Change Mitigation Section, Department of Sustainable Development, Organization of American States (OAS) .......................................................................................................................................... 8 Leandro Alves, Head of the Energy Division Infrastructure and the Environment Department, Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) ................................................................................................................................................................................................ 9

Trinidad and Tobago Initiative: Caribbean Renewable Energy Centre ................................................................................. 11
David Small, Director, Policy & Performance, Trinidad & Tobago MEEI .................................................................................. 11

Morning Round Table Discussion ............................................................................................................................ 11
Moderated by Samuel Browne, Office of American Affairs/Office of Policy and International Affairs - USDOE .......................... 11

Afternoon Round Table Discussion ......................................................................................................................... 12
Moderated by David Small, Director, Policy & Performance, Trinidad & Tobago MEEI ............................................................ 12

Next Steps .............................................................................................................................................14 Appendix A: List of Meeting Attendees & Contact Information Appendix B: Meeting Agenda Appendix C: Copies of Presentations Delivered at the Meeting

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The Ministry of Energy and Energy Industries (MEEI) hosted a Caribbean Preparatory Meeting at the Hilton Hotel, Port of Spain on March 10, 2010, to share Trinidad and Tobago’s concept for the proposed Caribbean Renewable Energy Centre (CREC) and to invite input from regional representatives regarding the role and function of the Centre. Meeting attendees included representatives of various CARICOM member states, United States Department of Energy (USDOE), and other key renewable energy stakeholders in the region, including the CARICOM Energy Programme. Trinidad & Tobago is developing this Centre with CARICOM as part of its mandate from CARICOM to take the lead in regional energy based initiatives and to assist its regional counterparts in moving towards a more sustainable energy future, for the benefit of all CARICOM member states. The CREC plans to complement and build on other similar initiatives underway in the Caribbean, including the Caribbean Renewable Energy Development Programme (CREDP), the Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre (5C’s), and others.

The primary objective of the Meeting was to invite input regarding the best role, function, and mission of the CREC in the context of regional renewable energy and energy efficiency development. The meeting was designed to serve as Trinidad & Tobago’s first step in its aggressive schedule to launch the CREC in early 2011. The other objective of the meeting was to facilitate an information exchange among CARICOM member states and other regional energy stakeholders regarding ongoing renewable energy initiatives and associated development gaps to inform the USDOE and MEEI of regional priorities in advance of the April 2010 Climate Ministerial that will take place in Washington DC.

The following is a summary of the key points coming out of the meeting:  The development of the CREC is timely and has great potential for success and to provide significant benefits to CARICOM members in terms of future sustainable energy development As part of its CARICOM mandate to take the lead on energy issues, the Government of Trinidad and Tobago is fully committed to developing and implementing the CREC for the benefit of the region The USDOE is also fully committed to the success of this effort, and the Organisation of American States (OAS), Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) are very interested in lending support as needed Moving forward, care should be taken to proceed collaboratively in order to address the unique energy needs of the individual member states, especially those that exist in the smaller member states that have limited human and financial resources Initial scope should be focused and manageable and expanded over time Page | 3

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The absence of an energy policy in several member states and the lack of proper legislation with regulatory oversight are major gaps that need to be addressed Prior to developing the scope of the Centre, MEEI should assess current on-going initiatives (such as the 5C’s), continue to gather input from regional stakeholders, develop a plan that minimises duplication of efforts, and determine a strategy that will integrate with on-going successful regional initiatives.

The CREC is under development by the MEEI in partnership with the USDOE as part of a broader initiative to create a framework agreement between Trinidad and Tobago and the United States that is designed to take advantage of the Energy and Climate Partnership of the Americas (ECPA) that was originally announced by President Obama at the Fifth Summit of the Americas in April of 2009.

The ECPA represents one of the recent steps that the United States, Latin America and the Caribbean have taken to reduce their consumption of fossil fuels, curb greenhouse gas emissions, and seek a more sustainable energy future. The concept of the ECPA is to serve as a mechanism for countries in the Western Hemisphere to share best practices and learn from their partners on issues concerning energy efficiency, renewable energy, cleaner fossil fuels, infrastructure and integration, and alleviating energy poverty. To facilitate technology cooperation, encourage investment, and develop public policies, the United States will involve national laboratories, research centres, universities, and its government agencies in collaboration with its hemispheric partners, primarily to create a network of renewable energy centres across the western hemisphere. The following regional energy centres are currently under development:  Chile Renewable Energy Centre: The Chilean Centre is serving as a clearinghouse of information and analytic tools and a leading source of expertise on renewable energy technologies and policies for Chile and, for the region. Peru Energy Efficiency Centre: The proposal focuses on the drafting and implementation of national energy efficiency plans and regulations, development of regional and international cooperation, and best practices in the areas of incentives, norms, standards, and other areas. Costa Rica Energy Efficiency Training Centre: The primary focus of the Costa Rican Energy Efficiency Train and certify professionals in energy efficient technology and auditing procedures, and also help expand the technical knowledge and capabilities of the Central American region on efficiency services and programmes. Mexico: The Wind Centre will examine developing, and identifying strategic issues, provide resource assessment, and mapping and assessment, and technical assistance for their manufacturing industry to more renewable energy sources.

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The goal of ECPA is to foster partnerships across the Americas among government, industry, and civil society to achieve low carbon economic growth and development. ECPA is a flexible mechanism through which all governments in the Western Hemisphere, on a voluntary basis, may lead multi-country initiatives to promote clean energy, advance energy security, fight energy poverty, and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. ECPA initiatives can include expertise from the private sector, civil society and academia, as well as the Inter-American institutions such as the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB), Organisation of the American States (OAS), and others including the Latin American Energy Organisation (OLADE) and the World Bank.

The concept of the CREC was formulated during a meeting between Minister of Energy and Energy Industries Trinidad and Tobago, Mr. Conrad Enill and the United States Secretary of Energy, Mr. Steven Chu that took place during the Summit of Americas in April of 2009. During that meeting Minister Enill underscored the importance of renewable energy to Trinidad and Tobago’s future and discussed efforts to create a policy framework and strategy to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions. Further, Minister Enill spoke of Trinidad and Tobago’s goal to develop a clean energy economy with spill over effects throughout the Caribbean region. In response, Secretary Chu indicated that the USDOE was actively seeking a location in the Caribbean to host a Regional Energy Centre that would go a long way towards meeting Trinidad & Tobago’s energy development objectives. Further, the parties also agreed that Trinidad and Tobago would serve as an ideal location for such a centre due to the country’s significant energy experience and relationships with many of the major energy producing and consuming countries in the world. In addition, a key contributor to the decision was the fact that Trinidad and Tobago has responsibility for all matters relating to energy in the CARICOM quasi-Cabinet. Following the Summit of the America’s, Trinidad and Tobago took various actions to establish a foundation for growth in the renewable energy and energy efficiency sector. In the MEEI, Minister Enill established a renewable energy policy formulation committee. In addition Trinidad and Tobago and the United States are actively pursuing a framework agreement to facilitate renewable energy development throughout the region through the provision of financial and technical support.

Minister Enill delivered welcoming remarks where he underscored the importance to move from talk to action. He also addressed the need for the new Caribbean Renewable Energy Centre in supporting the development of alternative sources of energy and mitigating the adverse effects of Page | 5

climate change facing the region. In his address, the Honourable Minister noted that “Today marks a significant initiative by Trinidad and Tobago as we embrace the reality that renewable energy will play an enhanced role in our thrust towards sustainable development.” Minister Enill further indicated that “With the recent momentum towards addressing climate change issues and the urgency of the issue on which the fate of the region rests; Trinidad and Tobago has taken up the mantle to move to the forefront of renewable energy initiatives in the region.” The Minister also clearly articulated the Government of Trinidad and Tobago’s view of the necessity for the application of the requisite resources to meaningfully expand the contribution of renewable energy to the energy mix.

Mr. Small opened the meeting by welcoming all participants to Trinidad and Tobago to discuss the pressing sustainable energy issues facing the region.

Mr. Browne delivered a comprehensive overview concerning latest activity on the ECPA, the status of the operations of the other regional energy centres in Central and South America, and an overview of the upcoming Climate Ministerial scheduled to take place from April 15-16 in Washington DC. Mr. Browne emphasised that the ECPA partnership will harness existing cooperation and new activities to a hemispheric vision that will reflect each participant’s unique contributions, capabilities, and interests. By working together to advance clean energy economic growth, Mr. Browne suggested that the western hemisphere can achieve low-carbon pathways, create the jobs of the future, spur innovation, lower greenhouse gas emissions and make this hemisphere a model for cooperation. Further, he indicated that energy and climate change are fundamental to the Western Hemisphere’s sustainable development and the prosperity of our citizens. Mr. Browne set forth the five pillars on which the ECPA rests as follows: renewable energy, energy efficiency, energy poverty, infrastructure, and cleaner fossil fuels. The meeting was informed that the DOE is providing technical assistance in the creation and development of Regional Clean Energy Centres with facilities throughout the hemisphere by gathering and transmitting data and best practices, offering technical assistance, and contributing to clean energy technologies research and development. All of these Centres seek to promote regional awareness, provide technical assistance to others, and share information with interested parties in the region. It is envisioned that all of the Centres would eventually be linked. Mr. Browne also outlined the objectives of an upcoming Climate Change Ministerial that is scheduled to take place in Washington D.C. from April 15-16 of this year and described what role Page | 6

CARICOM member states and regional actors might play. Also, Mr. Browne voiced the USDOE’s commitment to providing technical assistance in the areas of renewable energy and energy efficiency to the region through the CREC and assisting the CREC to network with other regional Centres currently under development in Peru and Chile.

Mr. Williams extended greetings on behalf of the Secretary General and Assistant Secretary General with responsibility for Energy and commended the Government of Trinidad and Tobago for the timely initiative to develop a regional renewable energy centre. Mr. Williams also expressed the view that the Meeting is a good follow–up to the establishment of the Trinidad and Tobago National Renewable Energy (RE) Committee in 2009. It was noted that this Meeting could go a long way in removing perceptions that Trinidad and Tobago has no interest in developing renewable, and in fact, one of Trinidad & Tobago’s main industries – Liquid Natural Gas – is actually considered to be a clean source of energy. Mr. Williams provided an overview of the CARICOM Secretariat’s Energy Programme, which provides support for members in several areas and focuses on the Energy Sector as a whole. The view was shared that some member states have somewhat more urgent needs in terms of impact and energy crisis and therefore there was a need for conversion of the objectives of the Caribbean Renewable Energy Centre to mesh with the intentions of the many initiatives already underway. Mr. Williams noted that many CARICOM member states have renewable energy as their sole indigenous source of energy. Mr. Williams also indicated that there were many ongoing initiatives with respect to sustainable energy development in the region. It was pointed out that several of these initiatives did not meet their target outcomes because of several reasons including lack of resources and, more critically, because a sustainable implementing mechanism was not in place. In addition, Mr. Williams emphasised that this Centre was not the only one proposed within the region. Within the past year the CARICOM Secretariat was made aware of at least five proposals for renewable energy centres. Mr. Williams advised Trinidad and Tobago that while designing the concept of the Centre to consider the initiatives already underway and to understand the implications of building a truly regional centre versus building a national renewable energy centre with regional reach. Mention was also made of the situation in Haiti and the need of the country for assistance in the reconstruction of the infrastructure.

Expanding upon his earlier presentation, Mr. Williams gave an in depth view of regional renewable energy initiatives, priorities, and impediments to growth in the renewable energy sector. Page | 7

Mr. Williams spoke of the importance of renewable energy to the region and emphasised the ability to use the energy sector as a driver for economic development. He then touched on impediments to advancing increased use of renewable energy in the energy sector, including lack of capacity, financing capacity, information & awareness, and baseline data – with lack of a cohesive policy being the most critical barrier in his view. In particular, he highlighted the need for CARICOM member states to get away from a single energy generator and allow multiple providers to input energy into the transmission system. He also highlighted inadequate financing as a serious barrier to renewable energy growth. Mr. Williams provided an in-depth overview of current renewable energy initiatives underway in the Caribbean and presented a brief history of energy initiatives in the Caribbean. Currently, the major regional based energy initiative underway is the Caribbean Renewable Energy Development Programme (CREDP) According to Mr. Williams, CREDP is a successful regional initiative funded in part by the UNDP and GTZ that was developed and implemented to overcome barriers to renewable energy development in the areas of policy, finance, awareness, and capacity. CREDP wanted to take a more long-term look at energy development, encourage participation of regional development, and to coordinate among the many (~16-17) regional energy initiatives currently underway. Part of the CREDP programme included developing repository for information and the Caribbean Sustainable Energy Roadmap and Strategy (C-SERMS). CREDP is scheduled to come to a close in 2012. Finally, Mr. Williams summarised some current energy projects and initiatives in CARICOM. During his presentation, highlighted the following areas as critical to the success of future regional initiatives:     Capacity Building & Technology Transfer Project implementation Avoiding duplication of efforts Considering both RE and EE (which are complementary)

Mr. Solano addressed the background of the OAS, origins of the ECPA, OAS’s role in the ECPA, the upcoming Energy Ministerial, and current activities underway in the Caribbean. The meeting learned that the OAS Department of Sustainable Development supports member states in the design and implementation of policies, programmes and projects oriented to integrate environmental priorities with poverty alleviation, and socio-economic developmental goals. It was mentioned that the OAS became a part of the ECPA when the United States made the declaration at the Fifth Summit of the Americas. A follow-up of this initiative was done at the Lima Energy and Climate Symposium in June 2009, where cooperation areas were discussed. Under the Page | 8

framework of the ECPA, the OAS will operate as a clearing house with core activities such as implementation of communication tools, networking with energy specialists in the region, hosting meetings, and identification of other activities within the ECPA. Mr. Solano mentioned its plans to host a Caribbean Preparatory meeting on April 14th in Washington DC where he was hopeful there would be more dialogue on the CREC. Mention was made of past initiatives done by the OAS to support cooperation in the region, namely the Global Sustainable Energy Islands Initiative (GSEII) and Geocaribes. Ongoing initiatives include the Caribbean Sustainable Energy Programme (CSEP) and US-Brazil biofuels in St Kitts/Nevis, Dominican Republic, Jamaica and Haiti. Under the CSEP support is given to energy projects and technical assistance and capacity building is offered. Future projects that OAS intends to undertake include the Low Carbon Communities Challenge (LCCC) and the Envoys programme which supports longstanding efforts with sustainable energy.

Mr. Alves assessed current and future energy development in the region from a financial perspective and offered solutions that revolved principally around efficiency across the entire energy value chain. Throughout his presentation, he highlighted areas of sustainable energy development where the IDB could provide assistance. Financing, he emphasised, is currently the bottleneck in regards to sustainable energy development in the region. Further, it was discussed that the energy sector has serious impacts on fiscal stability, especially in the Caribbean, where energy prices in some countries are among the highest in the western hemisphere. He characterised the current investment needs as follows: according to ECLAC, between 2007 and 2030 LAC will require an investment of US$1.27 trillion or US$55 billion per year for the energy sector, with the highest investment percentage in the electricity sector. He offered short-term and medium term sustainable energy development strategies from the IDB’s perspective. Short-term. Mr. Alves highlighted IDB’s short term vision of supporting sustainable development of the energy sector focusing on more effective investments and policies. Activities to achieve this objective include:       Promoting “sustainable energy” which encompasses RE, EE energy conservation, bioenergy, and sustainable biofuels Rehabilitation of existing renewable hydroelectric plants Energy efficiency in the electricity and oil and gas sectors (Mr. Alves suggested that up to 10% of LAC’s consumption in 2018 could be displaced by EE techniques) Mainstream climate change mitigation (mainly through RE and EE) Work with governments to make regulations that promote SE Expanding knowledge Page | 9

Medium-term. In the medium term, the IDB’s priorities for the Caribbean and LAC are to implement projects that diversify the current energy mix away from an overreliance on fossil fuels, promoting efficiency in fossil fuel-based energy generation, and moving towards an increasingly sustainable energy matrix. Mr. Alves stressed that countries in the Caribbean, particularly in Trinidad and Tobago, should take a more active leadership role in the green energy sector. Activities that Mr. Alves suggested that the IDB could provide support for are as follows:  Promoting national policy shift and implementation of large scale sustainable energy and energy efficiency projects (he noted that Caribbean countries experience 30% losses from power generation to electricity distribution). Investing in data centres. Strengthening public/private relationships in the energy sector to mitigate risk, particularly in times of high prices.

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Also, although some countries such as Iceland have successfully transferred to a completely renewable energy base, Mr. Alves suggested that until there are technological improvements in energy storage it is currently not feasible to completely move away from fossil fuels to supply baseline energy needs in the Caribbean. He also made the point that countries with fossil fuel based resources, such as Trinidad, should continue to develop these resources to meet these baseline energy needs. However, steps should be made to improve efficiency. Specific activities that Mr. Alves suggested for the evolution of the energy industry towards a more sustainable future by establishing a more efficient energy sector are as follows:    Utilising indigenous energy sources, or a combination of efficient fossil fuels/large hydro generation and Smart Grids Decentralising generation and net metering Using power meters, energy efficient appliances, energy in building codes, and passive cooling

Mr. Alves summarised that in order to promote RE development, the IDB is expanding access to finance for RE projects, promoting structured finance within the sector on a number of initiatives, such as public assets which will serve as guarantees for future expansion projects, and facilitating temporary and revolving sovereign guarantees. The IDB mentioned the need to support the development the downstream sector as well, in order to maximise the value of native industries reference was made of Bolivia requesting IDB come on board in the development of Lithium in order to create a full value chain within the Country. He also mentioned the IDB’s work to promote efficiency gains in the oil and gas sector and stressed the importance of perception. As one example, he mentioned that tourism flourishes on green islands, and so care should be taken to communicate any improvements in EE and RE. The meeting was also updated as to recent case studies done on the Sustainable Energy Framework for Barbados, Bahamas, and other initiatives in the Caribbean used to deal with RE. Page | 10

Mr. Small reiterated the objective for the meeting: receiving input from CARICOM representatives concerning the proposed overview of the function and role of CREC. Emphasising the need for a region wide approach to address various climate change initiatives, Mr. Small offered the CREC as a solution that will spur growth in the renewable energy sector throughout CARICOM by actively diversifying the region’s energy mix. It was pointed out that the primary functions of the Centre are to exchange information regarding the latest developments in renewable energy and energy efficiency (RE and EE) technology, to enhance the credibility of regional efforts, to facilitate implementation of new, region-appropriate RE/EE technologies, and to assist CARICOM members to access the various pools of funding for RE/EE technology available throughout the world.

In the morning roundtable discussion the meeting participants commended the presenters and congratulated Trinidad and Tobago for taking steps to develop the CREC. There was a strong consensus that the development of a regional centre was timely and that Trinidad and Tobago was well poised to take the lead on sustainable energy development in the region due to its special resources, with significant benefits for CARICOM member states. Comments were also shared that while renewable energy development is an appropriate objective for the CREC, it might be more appropriate to focus on the broader field of Sustainable Energy that encapsulates the following objectives: Energy Preservation, Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy, and Energy Security. There was much discussion surrounding the importance of establishing a robust mechanism for true collaboration and the tendency for the needs of smaller regions to get subsumed in initiatives that are regional in scope. The meeting agreed that on-going communication is the key to success and that care should be taken to ensure that the voices of smaller member states are not only heard, but addressed. Meeting attendees also discussed key roles that the Centre might play, as well as current gaps that could be addressed by the Centre. The following are some points that were raised:   Research and Development – especially “tropicalising” RE technologies – is an area of great importance and could be incorporated into the CREC’s mandate There are currently numerous on-going initiatives in the Caribbean, although some of the results are not as visible or have been extended to the special circumstances of individual island’s characteristics Page | 11

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There is a need for a better method of evaluating various regional initiatives to better understand and gauge successes and failures Initiatives in the region tend to favour the better prepared, so smaller countries that do not have a comprehensive plan are forced into initiatives that are not well-tailored to meet their needs. Currently, there are tremendous challenges in data availability

In closing the morning session the need was restated for regional input in order to optimise benefits to the region and that the most important objective of the Centre is to facilitate implementation or RE/EE technologies and assisting CARICOM to procure financing.

In the afternoon roundtable session, there were lively and broad discussions among the attendees about not only the new energy Centre, but also the pressing renewable energy issues facing the region and the ongoing renewable energy initiatives currently underway throughout the Caribbean. The consensus was that the Centre could perform an important role in addressing the current energy needs of many of CARICOM’s member states, and moving towards a more sustainable future. The afternoon session began with a survey of the representatives from CARICOM member to determine how a regional centre might meet their specific energy development needs. The dialogue centred on specific issues of:       Capacity Building Creating synergies in the region Creating an inventory of resources Increasing Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Initiatives Availability of natural gas Increased private sector involvement

It was identified that regional participation and co-operation would be necessary to ensure the success in the establishment of the Centre. The CARICOM Representative stated that their role in this process was that of an advisor on energy matters and to develop regional energy policy. Additionally it was discussed that there should be increased focus in the co-ordination of efforts, facilitating dialogue and supporting policy development. The issue of funding was raised, however, it was agreed that at this stage funding is not an immediate concern; rather the purpose of this Meeting is to receive input on developing the scope and mission of the CREC. The meeting agreed that a framework should be established in terms of moving forward and as such meeting attendees offered the following concerns and suggestions:

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Regional Approach. The structure should have a regional approach while providing a mechanism to effectively gather input and address the needs of smaller member states, in order to account for the diverse sustainable energy needs across the region and the sizable physical distance among CARICOM member states. Emphasis on action. Comments circulated advising the Government of Trinidad and Tobago to focus on action and implementation. In particular, while networking type meetings are helpful for gathering information they should be designed to provide a significant credible outcome. Avoiding duplication and Integration with current initiatives (esp. CREDP). One of the most frequently raised points in the Meeting was the need to avoid duplication of efforts and for this Centre to function symbiotically with on-going regional initiatives, especially considering that there are similar initiatives currently being pursued. It was also noted, however, that due to the size and complexity of the region’s energy needs, some duplicative efforts might have some positive ramifications, especially in terms of resources reaching smaller states. According to Meeting attendees, CREDP is slated to come to a close in 2012. There was some discussion suggesting that this Centre has the potential to carry the reigns onward for CREDP by taking over certain activities and performing follow up so that successes achieved by CREDP can be promulgated well into the future. Baseline assessment of initiatives and key regional energy actors. A key part of the development of CREC should be an assessment of baseline data, which would include seeking input on unique energy needs of the CARICOM member states, identification of current key regional actors, and collecting information as to current initiatives underway. Starting small. Meeting attendees reached consensus that the scope of the CREC should initially focus on specific target areas and then broaden as it gains momentum and support. Overarching considerations. In developing the Centre, it was suggested that the Government of Trinidad and Tobago might in order to make the energy balance “greener” efforts should be placed on reducing consumption and increasing renewable generation. Additionally it was noted that because the Caribbean region has poor economies of scale, participation in carbon credit projects might present some challenges. Sustainable energy focus. As stated previously, there were recommendations that due to Trinidad and Tobago’s extensive experience in the Energy sector, the CREC could also address a broader range of energy issues than just renewable energy. Sustainable energy would expand the focus to include energy efficiency, energy security, etc.

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Mr. Williams of CARICOM presented the following proposed areas of focused for the CREC, which were broadly discussed and received support from many meeting attendees.     Research, Innovation Capacity Building Financing and Business Development Project Development and Implementation Page | 13

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Advisory and Technical support for policy development Awareness building Technology demonstration Resource Mobilisation

   MEEI will develop a Meeting report and circulate through CARICOM secretariat to meeting participants and other CARICOM representatives that were unable to attend. Both meeting attendees and CARICOM representatives who were unable to attend are encouraged to send any additional comments to MEEI or the CARICOM secretariat. Effort would be made to arrange a CARICOM caucus prior to the April Climate Ministerial in Washington DC - Other opportunities to meet to further discuss the Centre include the June 2010 Sustainable Energy Forum in Jamaica and a regional meeting in October of 2010. An intensive baseline assessment of current on-going sustainable energy initiatives, key regional actors, and CARICOM member states’ energy development priorities will be conducted in order to minimise duplication of efforts within the region and to optimise opportunity for meaningful input from CARICOM member states will be conducted. With input from CARICOM member states, Trinidad and Tobago will work to develop the scope of the Centre develop a full scale work plan to meet the schedule presented at the Meeting (launch by early 2011)

In conclusion, the Ministry of Energy and Energy Industries thanks all participants for attending the meeting and for the support for the CREC and the insightful and robust discussions surrounding the development of the CREC. Further, the MEEI recognises that the input of CARICOM representatives is critical to the development of a successful regional Centre, and is committed to continuing to seek input from representatives of CARICOM and key regional energy actors throughout the CREC development process.

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Ministry of Energy & Energy Industries/US Doe Meeting - Attendance Listing Framework re Regional Renewable Energy Research Centre in T & T



Email address

Mr. Edward Bayne Dr. Paul Flowers Mr. Joseph Williams Mr. Mahender Sharma

Chairman of the National Energy Task Force Policy Coordination & Planning unit - Ministry of Natural Resources & the Environment Programme Manager, Energy Chief Executive Officer - Guyana Energy Agency

Antigua & Barbuda Belize Caribbean Community Secretariat Guyana St. Kitts & Nevis St. Vincent & Grenadines

Mr. Paul Kelly / Lloyd - may use either Ministry of Housing, Energy, Public Works & Utilities last name Kelly or Lloyd Mr. Leonard Deane Dr. Christoph Menke Director of Energy Unit, Prime Minister's Office. CREDP and OECS Energy Unit OECS - Org of Eastern Caribbean States Sec.


Mr. James Husbands Mr. Leandro Alves Ing. Mauricio Solano-Peralta Dr. Devon Gardner Dr Charmaine Gomes Michelle Gyles McDonnough Mr. Sam Browne Professor Leo Moseley Mr. Karl Bennett Ms. Emily Wisnosky Mr. William Walker Mr. Ainsley Gill Mr. Jesus Tgada

Solar Dynamics Head of the Energy Division - Infrastructure & Environment Dep't.

Barbados Inter-American Development Bank

Energy Specialist - Energy & Climate Change mitigation Organization of American States Section - DSD - SEDI Associate Professor of Chemistry, College of Bahamas Sustainable Development Officer UNDP Resident Representative/UN Resident Coordinator - Barbados and OECS Office of American affairs/ Office of Policy & International Affairs The Caribbean Community Climate Change Centre United Nations/ECLAC Subregional H/Qtrs in caribbean UNDP - Barbados US/DOE UWI - Cave Hill Campus, Barbados AGA AGA

AGA AGA Infrastructure & Environment Department


Mr. Conrad Enill Mr. David Small Mr. Vernon De Silva Mr. Randy Maurice Ms. Christine Espinosa Ms. Lisa-Ann Fraser Ms. Andra Francis Mr. Hannibal Anyika Ms. Lonella Lovell Ms. Annette Fitzpatrick Ms. Shauna Annisette Mr. Garvin Pettier Mr. Brian de Fereire Ms. Kaanita Shah Ms. Keisha Rochford -Hawkins Ms. Rueanna Haynes Ms. Kimberly Hewitt Ms. Denise Hakim Mr. Nemchand Ramdial Mr. Gregory Jones Mr. Wayne Punnett

Senator the Honourable Minister of Energy and Energy Ministry of Energy & Energy Industries Industries Director MEEI/Policy and Performace Director MEEI/Chairman Renewable Committee Senior Planning Officer Planning Officer I Energy Associate Professional Ministry of Energy & Energy Industries Ministry of Energy & Energy Industries Ministry of Energy & Energy Industries Ministry of Energy & Energy Industries Ministry of Energy & Energy Industries Ministry of Energy & Energy Industries Energy Associate Professional Contract Management Senior Planning Officer Research Officer Deputy Director of Caricom Affairs Senior International Relations Specialist - Energy Officer International Relations Officer, Americas Bilateral Division International Relations Officer, Caricom Affairs International Relations Officer, Multi-lateral Division, Climate Change International Relations Officer, Multi-lateral Division, Sustainable Development Research Analyst Economic Policy Analyst Senior Economist Ministry of Energy & Energy Industries Ministry of Energy & Energy Industries Ministry of Energy & Energy Industries Ministry of Energy & Energy Industries Ministry of Foreign Affairs Ministry of Foreign Affairs Ministry of Foreign Affairs Ministry of Foreign Affairs Ministry of Foreign Affairs Ministry of Foreign Affairs Ministry of Planning, Housing & Environment Ministry of Public Utilities Ministry of Science & Tecnology & tertiary Education Ministry of Trade & Industry




Email address

Mr. Videsh Maharaj Ms. Marcia Maynard Mr. Allen Clarke Mr. Eric Johnson Professor El Sayed Dr. Ejae John Mr. A.M. Shara Dr. Indra Haraksingh

Economist I

Ministry of Trade & Industry National Energy Corporation

Senior Engineer, Economic Commercial Officer Programme Professor, Utilities Engineering Programme Professor

Trinidad and Tobago Electricity Commission US Embassy - POS UTT UTT UTT

Dept of Physics - UWI/ Mem. Renewable Committee

U.W.I. - St. Augustine


Caribbean Preparatory Meeting - Energy & Climate Partnership of the Americas (ECPA) Establishing a Caribbean Renewable Energy Centre
Date: Venue: Wednesday 10th March 2010 Hilton Trinidad & Conference Centre, Lady Young Road Port-of-Spain

7:00 - 8:25 8:30 – 8:35 BREAKFAST Savannah Terrace Restaurant OPENING REMARKS David Small Director, Policy and Performance – Ministry of Energy and Energy Industries INTRODUCTORY REMARKS Samuel Browne Office of American Affairs/Office of Policy and International Affairs-United States Department of Energy (USDOE) Joseph Williams Director of Energy - CARICOM Secretariat 8:45 – 9:00 WELCOME REMARKS Senator the Honourable Conrad Enill Minister of Energy and Energy Industries of The Republic of Trinidad and Tobago COFFEE BREAK

8:35 - 8:45

9:00 – 9:15

9:15 – 9:45

ENERGY AND CLIMATE PARTNERSHIP OF THE AMERICAS OVERVIEW (USDOE) • How the Partnership seeks to expand cooperation on the region’s clean energy goal? • What are the tenets of the Partnership and how does it work? • What are the USG current efforts?
Samuel Browne, US DOE

9:45 – 10:30

ONGOING REGIONAL INITIAIVES What has been done regarding Renewable Energy in the Caribbean?, What are the immediate needs in the field of Renewable Energy that need to be addressed in the Caribbean? (Joseph Williams, Director of Energy - CARICOM Secretariat) What are the goals for the region? (Low Carbon Communities of the Americas (LCCA) Initiative, Caribbean Sustainable Energy Programme (CSEP), proposed Envoys Program) (Mauricio Solano, Energy Specialist, Energy and Climate Change Mitigation Section, Department of Sustainable Development - Organisation of American States) On-Going Renewable Energy Initiatives in the Caribbean (Leandro Alves, Head of the Energy Division Infrastructure And Environment Department - Inter-American Development Bank)

10:30 - 11:00

ROUNDTABLE DISCUSSION/Q&A ON ECPA AND REGIONAL INITIATIVES Moderator: Samuel Browne TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO INITIATIVE: RENEWABLE ENERGY CENTRE FOR THE CARIBBEAN • What is envisioned? • What synergies can be created? • What should be the main focus of the CREC? (R&D, Capacity Building)
David Small, MEEI

11:00 – 12:00

12:00 – 12:30

CARICOM • How will regional countries and beyond benefit? • How does this initiative tie into CARICOM and regional efforts to encourage sustainable clean energy trade? Joseph Williams, CARICOM LUNCH

12:30 – 2:00


2:00 – 3:00

ROUNDTABLE DISCUSSION (COOPERATIVE ENGAGEMENT) • What are the responses from potential regional participants/partners? • How to ensure regional cooperation/participation? • What are the next steps for this initiative and how do we build momentum for it towards the April 2010 Energy and Climate Ministerial? Moderator: Joseph Williams ROUNDTABLE DISCUSSION ON OTHER POTENTIAL INITIATIVES • What regional initiatives are envisioned? (brainstorm) • What kind of support is necessary/expected from other countries? • What are other commitments that governments/private sector/civil society can make? • What are the technology and policy priorities, impediments/constraints? Moderator: Karl Bennett NEXT STEPS AND CLOSING REMARKS

3:00 – 4:00

4:00 – 4:30


 Welcoming Remarks - Delivered by Senator the Honourable Minister of Energy and Energy Industries Trinidad &

Tobago, Conrad Enill
 Caribbean Preparatory Meeting- Energy & Climate Partnership of the Americas (ECPA) Establishing a Caribbean Renewable Energy Centre

- Delivered by Joseph Williams, Energy Programme Manager, CARICOM Secretariat
 Energy and Climate Partnership for the Americas, Caribbean Regional Preparatory Meeting to Energy Ministerial, A Renewable Energy Centre for the Caribbean - Delivered by Mauricio Solano, Energy Specialist, Energy and Climate Change Mitigation

Section, Department of Sustainable Development, Organisation of American States (OAS)
 IDB: Energy Vision

- Delivered By Leandro Alves, Head of the Energy Division Infrastructure and the Environment Department, Inter-American Development Bank (IDB)
 Meeting on Establishment of a Framework for Regional Renewable Research Centre - Delivered By David Small, Director, Policy and Performance, Trinidad & Tobago Ministry of Energy and Energy Industries

Welcoming Remarks - Delivered by Senator the Honourable Minister of Energy and Energy Industries Trinidad & Tobago, Conrad Enill

Caribbean Renewable Energy Centre Preparatory Meeting March 10, 2010 Senator the Honourable Minister of Energy and Energy Industries, Trinidad and Tobago Mr. Conrad Enill Representatives of the US Department of Energy Representatives of CARICOM Representatives of Regional and International Organisations Honourable delegates of Caribbean countries Government Officials Ladies and Gentlemen Good morning

It is an honour and privilege for me on behalf of the Government of Trinidad and Tobago; to welcome you to this important regional meeting to outline a proposed framework for the establishment of a Regional Renewable Energy Research Centre in Trinidad and Tobago. Today marks a significant initiative by Trinidad and Tobago as we embrace the reality that renewable energy will play an enhanced role in our thrust towards sustainable development. As you may be aware, Trinidad and Tobago has a longstanding energy relationship with the United States. In this instance, the US DOE and its counterpart agency, the Ministry of Energy and Energy Industries, have been in discussion to develop a pathway for cooperation on renewable energy matters. The essence of the approach will likely see the consummation of a partnership between Trinidad and Tobago and the United States to establish the region’s first Regional Renewable Energy Research Centre that would conduct varied work in this field to benefit countries of the region. Climate change has been an ongoing focal point of discussion since last April during the Fifth Summit of the Americas, when President Obama and leaders across the Western Hemisphere launched the 1   

Energy and Climate Partnership of the Americas. Talks on climate change continued at the Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting (CHOGM) and at the Copenhagen Climate Change Summit. As many of you would be well aware, countries in our part of the world are particularly vulnerable to the negative outcomes of continued uncontrolled emission of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere. Issues such as sea level rise, increase in frequency and destructiveness of hurricanes and marine life reduction can and will cause massive problems for our developing economies. While there is currently a debate, that’s what I will choose to call it, about the source of the data and the correctness of the information upon which much of the climate change premise is based, our view, as a Government is that we must be proactive. Statistically Trinidad and Tobago, and in fact, the entire Caribbean basin, are negligible contributors to global carbon emissions. This is a fact – I have seen the raw numbers. Whilst the world continues to use per capita comparisons for many economic reasons, for which I have no problem, for this matter of climate change, such comparison, in my respectful view, is flawed. This is simply because, the problem we are facing is caused by an agglomeration of emissions in the atmosphere and the amount emitted by a single person in a particular country is not as important or relevant as the total sum. The usefulness, for example, of saying a country is the number 1 per capita emitter in a situation where that country’s emissions represent a statistically insignificant portion of the world total, is lost on me. It does not mean that such countries should abdicate their portion of collective responsibility, but rather that we try to understand that this is a global issue and a concerted community effort is required to address it. With the recent momentum towards addressing climate change issues and the urgency of the issue on which the fate of the region rests; Trinidad and Tobago has taken up the mantle to move to the forefront of renewable energy initiatives in the region.


The US DOE has been working with us to provide technical and strategic support on this renewable energy initiative and establish a regional renewable energy centre within. In this way, we are being proactive asTrinidad and Tobago reinforces its stance to take action to combat the harmful effects of climate change. As we are gathered here today to discuss the establishment of the RRERC in Trinidad and Tobago, the world is faced with global climatic uncertainty. Globally, nations are faced with rising sea levels and untimely weather patterns. In the Caribbean today, renewable energy is at the forefront and assuming a much more important role. Geothermal, solar, wind and biomass technologies are now being commercially used. This partnership allows for greater cooperation in the region which can in turn develop into a strengthening block where environmental conditions are concerned. Developments in renewable energy have created significant potential for energy development within the region. As we continue to strive towards keeping our region and our world habitable environmental programmes have ceased to be an option but a necessity. My regional partners, a commitment is needed. Substantive actions need to be taken in areas relating to clean energy and climate change. We need to collaborate and move forward in order to move clean energy initiatives at the forefront of the region. Coming out of this meeting we hope that some of the issues facing the region in the renewable energy sector can be assessed as well as identify the actions that need to be taken to address climate change. This will allows us to identify some of the key functions of the proposed Regional Renewable Energy Research Centre in Trinidad and Tobago. Discussions from this gathering will also be used as an input into the upcoming Western Hemisphere Energy Ministerial in April 2010. The Government’s mandate as set out in its Vision 2020 plan identifies the need for diversifying the economy away from the dependence of oil which in turn will promote sustainable economic development. The establishment of the Centre will allow for building of much need capacity in renewable energy in Trinidad and Tobago and the region.


I am certain that our discussions today will help refine and finalise a plan that will be of tremendous benefit to the region. Our commitment is sure and these steps today will bear fruit in the years to come and ensuring that we have a climate conscious region. Ladies and Gentlemen, I thank you.


Caribbean Preparatory Meeting- Energy & Climate Partnership of the Americas (ECPA) Establishing a Caribbean Renewable Energy Centre - Delivered by Joseph Williams, Energy Programme Manager, CARICOM Secretariat


Caribbean Preparatory Meeting ‐ Energy & Climate Partnership of the  Americas (ECPA)      Establishing a Caribbean Renewable  gy Energy Centre
March 10 2010 Hilton Hotel Port of Spain

Joseph Williams Manager, Energy Programme March 10, 2010

• What are the immediate needs in the field of  Renewable Energy that need to be addressed  in the CARICOM in the CARICOM • What has been done regarding Renewable  Energy in the Caribbean?

RE is Important to the Region!
• Long Term Energy Security – RE is only Indigenous  Supply Option for many Countries • Hedge Against High Oil Price Volatility – This is more  important that Climate Change for most countries gy / g g g/ • Clean Energy Source /Climate Change Mitigating/  Means of Lowering Carbon Footprint of Region • Potential for increasing employment – manufacturing, servicing • Energy Access Solution & Poverty Reduction (Haiti,  Guyana, Belize, Suriname)



Barriers to Advancing Increased Use of  RE in the Regional Energy Sector
Some barriers which have been well identified and documented
– Inadequate Policy & Regulatory Framework (for levelling playing field; )
• • • Integrated monopoly electric utilities Lack of Incentives Commitment on part of Govt ‐ Stable predictable framework

Barriers to Advancing Increased Use of  RE in the Regional Energy Sector
• The lack of Appropriate & encouraging Policy  Framework and attendant inadequate  Regulatory and Legistative Framework  ‐ could  be viewed as the single most important  be viewed as the single most important barrier since it impacts the other barriers • This is not to under estimate the other  barriers which are critically important

– Lack of Financing  (Needed: Early Stage Proj Dev Fin; Low cost financing; 

Risk  perceptions, need for innovative financing:  Solns range from  RE Fund to Joint Venturing) Risk perceptions need for innovative financing: Solns range from RE Fund to Joint Venturing)

– Lack of Capacity ‐Institutional & Human/Individual Levels (RE skills for Project analysis and 
development, RET design , O&M, Business);  Eg Geothermal Project

– Limited Information & Awareness (scope & limitation of RE) – Lack of Baseline Data on Resource Potential (Based on Assessment and specific;  
Govt need to have this info )

All barriers are present in Caribbean;  This is compounded by unique challenges of  small island developing states (SIDS)

Electricity System 1 2 3





There is Need for Expanding of financing options
Distribution  System Transmission  System Distribution  System Transmission  System Distribution  System Transmission  System

• •

To overcome high 1st cost & transaction costs g Include Innovative financing
• • • • Require Public – Private Sector Partnership Utilize FDI  eg GEF funds for incremental cost Flexible mechanism; Carbon Finance (Pooling &  Bundling) Dedicated fund; Micro credit schemes

Generation  System Vertically Integrated  Utility

Gen 1

Gen 2

Gen N

IPP -1



Partial Unbundling - gen

Partial Unbundling with  Single Buyer model



Caribbean Renewable Energy Development Programme (CREDP) Project
• CREDP – Two components UNDP & GTZ
– – UNDP Component – 2004‐2009 (Executed by CCS ‐ Guyana) GTZ Component – Ph I: 2004‐08;  Ph II 2008‐2012 (St Lucia)

GOAL To promote energy security through  diversification of energy sources, and to  transition the Region towards a more  transition the Region towards a more sustainable energy path

Developed and Implemented to overcome barriers 
– – Areas Targeted:    Policy, Finance, Awareness, Capacity    Outputs:
• • • • • Baseline study, National Policy Support;  B li d N i l P li S CRETAF:  10 Projects in 7 Countries;  Approx US$1.5M Grants CREF – Was not implemented CIPORE – up and running Training across region ‐ successful

• • •

Many Challenges were experienced with Project Evaluation of UNDP’s Component in progress and Lessons Learned Session schedule for T&T in  March or April 2010 CREDP/GTZ – Component continues – Policy Development Support;  Capacity Building; Resource  Assessment



BACKGROUND Brief History ‐ Energy Initiatives
• • • • • • • • 1973‐79:  Trinidad and Tobago Oil Plan for CARICOM 1982 – Regional Energy Action Plan  (USAID Project) 2002 – OAS – GSEII 2003 – Regional Task Force on Energy:  Produced Draft Regional Energy  Policy in 2007 Regional Energy Policy in 2007 2004 – Projects: Caribbean Renewable Energy Development  Programme (CREDP): ‐ GEF/UNDP  & GTZ 2005 – PetroCaribe: Series of Bi‐laterals;  Budgetary Support (Has  component for RE projects and support) 2005/6 –Trinidad & Tobago Energy Plan for CARICOM 2008 – CARICOM Energy Programme – to implement a Programmatic  Approach to Energy Development in Region

• Most of Responses to Energy at Regional Level  especially for RE were Project Based • Programatic Approach is now implemented Programatic Approach is now implemented 
(to provide greater sustainability and longer term focus) – Based on Mandate of Members States through the heads of Government – Two year Work Programme & Budget and Long Term Work Programme are  developed 

Areas of Focus
• Finalization of Regional Energy Policy & Implement  (2010) • Support  National Energy Policy Development  • Developing and Implementing a Regional Sustainable Energy  Roadmap (As mandate by Heads of Govt ‐ M h 2009) Roadmap (A d t b H d f G t March 2009)
– Roadmap with Appropriate Strategies – Platform for engagement of all stakeholders and as basis for implementation
– – – –

Areas of Focus
• Mobilization of Resources to support Sustainable Energy  Development
Mechanism for financing RE  Public‐Private Partnership Capacity Strengthening at National Level Support for CIPORE and Energy Information Network going forward

• Capacity Building & Technology Transfer Capacity Building  & Technology Transfer
– Tertiary Educational Institutions (UWI RE Group formed) – Geothermal Development

• Implement Projects:  

• Facilitation of coordination among the many Energy  initiatives Regionally

– Completion CREDP/UNDP/GEF Project: Focused on Barrier Removal
• Policy; Finance; Information; Capacity  ‐ Ended 2009

– Implementing CREDP/GTZ Project (Which in Phase II has become now  CREDP)  (2008‐2012) – Implementing CARICOM/EU Capacity Support Project    (2010‐2011)



Areas of Focus
• Build on Foundation of CREDP;  Lessons Learned from CREDP/UNDP   (2010) • Encourage/Implementing Legislative and Regulatory Reform of  Electric Sector 
– Model Legislation – Regulatory Reform

Areas of Focus
• Implementing a Mechanism for Implementing SE and  “Leapfrogging”  investment [RENEWABLE ENERGY CENTRE]
– – – – Research  Project Development Resource Assessment Public Private Partnerships to facilitate investments in RE

• Support developments in the Petroleum and Natural Gas  sectors
– Exploration being done – Guyana, Suriname, Belize (oil), Jamaica – Development in downstream gas industry T&T – Opportunities for rest of Caribbean from developments in downstream Gas  Industry in T&T

• Energy Information – Strengthening and Expanding  Infrastructure and capacity • Establishing a Regional Energy Planning Framework (Adopt 
OLADE Planning Model Framework for Region) • Sustainable Energy Development is a major focus, given that this is the  indigenous resource of most of the Caribbean and the obvious linkage with  Climate Change as a key Mitigating Strategy

• Development of Energy Services Sector;  SME’s

Some Current Energy Projects & Initiatives in CARICOM 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. CREDP/UNDP &  CREDP/GTZ Phase II includes EE CARICOM/EU Capacity Support C‐SEP for OECS & Bahamas – led by OAS CHENAT – Tourism Sector IDB –
1. 2. 3. Water Sector EE Project SEF Barbados and Bahamas C‐SERMS – CARICOM Secretariat

Some Current Energy Projects & Initiatives in CARICOM
9. 10. 11. 12. 13. • 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. EU – Interreg III feasibility of Geothermal power production in Dominica and electricity  export to French Territories ACP‐EC Energy Facility Geothermal Energy Dominica Special Facility for Assistance (SFA)/EDF Energy Related support in SLU, SVG? World Bank/OECS – ECERA IDB: Barbados – Preparation of Sustainable Framework PV Programme,  CFL,  Bio fuels IDB: Bahamas Sustainable Energy Framework IDB: CREBAP  Renewable Energy & Energy Efficiency Strategy of PetroCaribe (even though, bi‐lateral  arrangements) PALCEE by OLADE in Jamaica, Barbados and Grenada UNDP/Barbados – OECS Proposal for EE National Programmes – Biofuels, EE,  Low Carbon communities of The Americas

7. 8.

Electricity Supply Option for Region – World Bank ACP‐EC Energy facility: Geothermal Energy Dominica



Some Current Energy Projects & Initiatives in CARICOM

18. Draft Regional Energy Policy (in view of National Policies)
– – – – – – – – – Barbados – National Energy Policy draft 2006 Jamaica – national Energy Policy 2006‐2020 (green paper) & EE  Policy (2008) OECS – Renewable Energy policy St Lucia National Energy Policy Dominica – Draft St Vincent & Grenadines – Parliament Accepted Trinidad & Tobago – Renewable Energy Policy (being developed) Guyana & Suriname – looking at energy policy development Antigua and Barbuda – Establish Task Force on Energy – will be  elaborating National Energy Policy

Development of A Regional Sustainable Energy Roadmap and  Strategy
CONCEPTUAL  FRAMEWORK  For Development of  Caribbean Sustainable Energy Roadmap & Strategy  (C-SERMS)

A 10 ‐15 year Overarching Action Plan for RE & EE   development in CARICOM, & will have:
– Set out Targets & Strategies – Form the Basis for Commitments by CARICOM Conference  of Heads of Govts of Heads of Govts – Delineate roles for major players; Opportunities for PPP – Provides basis for Inter‐linkages with Sustainable  Development, Climate Change and Agricultural Strategies

Sustainable Energy Platform

Existing Resource Assessments


Regional  Energy  Policy Regional  Climate  Change  Strategy Sect oral  Strategies:  Industrial;  Agriculture,  etc

Additional New Assessments of Resources & Energy Sector Assessments to Identify Gaps

Existing  Initiatives  &  Projects

New  Initiatives   & Projects;   Financing  Mechanisms Incentives; Policy  Actions
Regional Mechanism to Facilitate Projects  Implementation



• • Implication of C‐SERMS – Targets: Example: 10% by 2015  &  20% by 2020 etc • Assessments – Energy EE, RE potential,  Build on earlier work ‐ CREDP • 1000 PV Homes; 1000 SWH, Green Caribbean;  Bdos SWH all • Regional Centre of Excellence for RE Framework for Development & Participation  – Clear Picture for all, Action & Commitment for Regional Govt – Industries  can be developed; Resources Mobilized; Gaps identified – Policy, Finance,  Capacity, Information – Provide for Coordination ‐ All Partners Talking with each other – Framework for Monitoring & Tracking Progress /Modification of approach Where are we & Where do we go from Here – TOR Developed;   Financing being sought CDB,  IDB; GTZ,  – Present Strategy to CARICOM CoHoGs by early 2010

Energy Efficiency
• Viewed as a “low hanging fruit” • Much Opportunities Exist
– Especially in public sector – System losses in utillities are high 30‐40%

• May be viewed as complementary to any  Regional RE Strategy

EE Effort Complements RE Development

Presentation  Joseph Williams




How Will Regional Countries And  Beyond Benefit?
• Any Regional RE Energy Centre will benefit the  Community! And assist in advancement of the  deployment of Renewable Energy  Technologies • Level of Benefits will depend a lot on the focus  and specific objectives of the Centre and the  extent to which it addresses the priority needs

How Fit with CARICOM & Regional Efforts To  Encourage Sustainable Clean Energy Trade?
• In general, RE Centre Initiative makes a snug fit from the  perspective of Goals and Objectives of CARICOM Energy  Programme • However, Establishing a Regional Institution or Agency in the  Context of the Community requires Inter‐governmental  Agreement ;  Procedures  • Consideration should be given for National Centre with  Regional Reach which could be later established as full  Regional Centre

• If Regional Energy Centre /Agency were to be  developed to address the implementation  needs (NB It may not be feasible for any one Centre/Agency can fulfill 
all role initially): – (Research, Capacity Building, Financing and Business Development,  Project Development, Advisory & Technical support for Policy  development, Awareness Building, Demonstration) 

• The Role of the CARICOM Energy Programme  would focus on 
– Policy  and Strategy;  Facilitating coordination;  Resource mobilization; Monitoring 




Research, Innovation – Resource Assessment – Technology Transfer RET, Clean Technologies – Testing technologies/ Best practices Capacity Building, – Individual/Skills – Institutional  – Support SME’s

• • • • • • •

Research, Innovation   Capacity Building,  Financing and Business Development,  Project Development and Implementation  Advisory & Technical support for Policy  development,  Awareness Building,  Technology Demonstration Resource Mobilization

Financing and Business Development,  • Small Project Developers • Joint Venturing – Inter State Projects • Development financing vs Commercial Project Development and Implementation  • On behalf of Governments • Based on request • Private/public

Advisory & Technical support for Policy  development,  • Govts and Utilities receive proposals routinely • L k Lack capacity to analyse, evaluate: represent  i l l missed opportunities or High Risks • Some RET are new and expertise not widely  available • Technical Assistance for Policy Formulation &  Legislation Drafting



Awareness Building
• • • •
• • • • •

Technology Demonstration – RE & EE  • Appropriate Technology • Testing • Linked to Regional R&D Linked to Regional R&D Resource Mobilization – Accessing significant  development funding for RE Mitigation based  on Global Commitments on Climate Change

Scope & Limitation of RE  Appropriate RET, EET Opportunities and Challenges Education – institution; Public
Information Clearinghouse Planning Information Investment level information Monitoring of performance of sector CEIS/CIPORE meet some need but there are gaps


• Agent, Brokerage and Consultancy Services: Provision of  information support to private and/or public venture  energy initiatives by assisting government and the private  sector with identifying possible sources of financing and  markets for environmental products and services  • Resource Mobilization: Mobilization of resources to assist  the regional transition to Sustainable Energy
– Development of Projects and Proposals for tapping into funding  available at the global level to support Mitigation – Funds are expected to increase with global commitments for CC 

Options and Models of
• Development Focus; Research Emphasis
– Research and Information; Resource Assessment and  Feasibility Studies; Clearinghouse services; Advisory;   Capacity Building and Training; Advisory Policy  Development support to governments; RET  Demonstration D t ti

• Commercial Focus
– Project Development and Financing and Project  Management; Advisory to Private and Public Service;   Capacity Building; Marketing; Capacity to establish  Partnerships; Some RET Demonstration



Other Challenges
• • • • Objectives, Emphasis, Scope Governance Funding How to make it Regional
– National with regional reach – Regional based in T&T

• Overcome negative percentions


Energy and Climate Partnership for the Americas, Caribbean Regional Preparatory Meeting to Energy Ministerial, A Renewable Energy Centre for the Caribbean - Delivered by Mauricio Solano, Energy Specialist, Energy and Climate Change Mitigation Section, Department of Sustainable Development, Organisation of American States (OAS)



Energy and Climate Partnership  for the Americas
Caribbean Regional Preparatory Meeting to Energy Ministerial  A Renewable Energy Centre for the Caribbean

• OAS background • Origins of ECPA • OAS’s role in the ECPA • Energy Ministerial • Activities in the Caribbean

Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago, March 10th, 2010

OAS background info
• The General Secretariat of the Organization of  American States (GS/OAS) is the premier  forum for multilateral dialogue and concerted  g action in Latin America and the Caribbean. • The GS/OAS serves 34 member states (MS) of  the hemisphere • Has Representative Offices in most of its  member states

OAS/DSD Background
• OAS/DSD supports MS in the design and  implementation of policies, programs and  projects oriented to integrate environmental  priorities with poverty alleviation, and socio‐ i ii ih ll i i d i economic development goals. 



How did we get here?
• Fifth Summit of the Americas
– Countries confirmed the  Declaration of Port of Spain  paving the road to the coming  energy ministerial:
56.“…to this end, we will convene a meeting as a first step toward the development of  an implementation plan for this initiative, as well as other energy action items  arising from this Declaration, for the consideration and approval of Ministers or  pertinent national authorities...”

Catalyzed effects
• Creation of the ECPA • ECPA operational framework
– OAS will function as a Clearing House with the  following core activities:
• • • • Implementation of communication tools (website) Network Meetings Identification of other ECPA activities

– President Obama announced the creation of the ECPA

• Lima Energy and Climate Symposium (June 2009) 

Energy Ministerial
• Energy and Climate Ministerial (Washington  DC, April 15‐16, 2010)
– OAS convened a Caribbean Preparatory meeting  p y g for the 14th of April (all are cordially invited)

Sustainable Energy Portfolio in the  Caribbean
• Cooperation in the region
– Core initiatives by CARICOM/GTZ  CREDP – EU/Canada/US Et al (active donors) – OAS Past On‐going
GSEII US‐Brazil  biofuels (SKN,  DR, JAM) CSEP



Envoys programme



DSD Energy Team
Mark Lambrides Francisco Burgos Ruben Contreras Kevin de Cuba Juan Cruz Monticelli Carolina Pena Mauricio Solano Charlene Solozano


Cooperation outlooks for RECC – suggestions:
• Cooperative efforts between countries • Back‐stop technical support to resources assessments and  projects evaluation • Capacity building to key energy stakeholders in the region Capacity building to key energy stakeholders in the region • R&D focused (?) • OAS through FEMCIDI is financing an Alternative Energy  Education Dissemination program led by the UWI (3 years)  create synergies • Tropicalise RET (e.g. hurricane resistant wind turbines, …) •


IDB: Energy Vision - Delivered By Leandro Alves, Head of the Energy Division Infrastructure and the Environment Department, Inter-American Development Bank (IDB)

Current Situation
According to ECLAC* between 2007 and 2030 LAC will require an investment of US$1.27 trillion or US$55 billion per year for the energy sector. Projected investments through 2030 •Electricity Sector: – generation US$324 billion, – transmission US$124 billion, – distribution US$271 billion. •Oil Sector: – upstream investments US$270 billion, – refining US$42 billion, – processing heavy crude US$66 billion. •Natural gas: – exploration and production US$148 billion, – transport US$54 billion, – liquefied natural gas US$22 billion.
*Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean 2

Energy Vision
March 10, 2010

Sustainable Energy For All

Primary Energy Demand by Fuel

IDB’s Vision
• New Energy Leapfrog Traditional Energy – 1980s Telecom 2010 Energy

Current Energy Sector
– – – Large Power Plants Transmission Designed per Power Plant Fossil Fuel Pass-through Provisions in PPA Indigenous Energy Sources Reducing Fossil Fuel Pass-through Provisions Decentralized Generation – Distributed Generation and Net Metering Mitigating Natural Risk (wind, sun, water) with combination of efficient fossil fuel (or large hydro) generation and Smart Grids Energy efficiency – power meters, EE appliances, EE in building codes, passive cooling, etc

New Energy Sector
– – –


– –



IDB Short-term (2010-2011)
Support the sustainable development of the energy sector, focusing of the most effective investments and policies to close the gap between demand and supply. Activities – Promote Sustainable Energy (SE), including RE, EE, Energy RE EE conservation, Bioenergy, sustainable biofuels – Rehabilitation of existing renewable hydroelectric plants. – Energy Efficiency in the electricity and oil and gas sectors – Mainstream Climate Change Mitigation – mainly thru RE and EE – Work with governments to have regulations to promote SE – Leadership in Energy Sector Knowledge

Short-term (2010-2011)
Capital Cost of New Electricity Generating Technologies
Source Diesel* Gas (CCGT)* Wind Coal* Hydro Nuclear Solar PV** US$/kW* 400 717 1,434 1,534 1,551 2,475 3,954 Source US$/kWe 200-250 600-700

vs. vs

Energy Efficiency Hydro rehabilitation
IDB calculations

Source: Energy information Administration, 2007. *Overnight Cost: capital cost only as if the project was completed overnight and without interest. ** IDB calculations. Fuel costs are not in calculation. ** 30% reduction in Capital Costs in the last 12 months. 6

Short-term (2010-2011)
Country (MW) Brazil Argentina Colombia México Chile Perú Costa Rica Guatemala Honduras Panamá 41,392 11,271 6,848 5,053 3,332 2,390 2 390 735 439 432 360 (MW) 16,557 4,508 2,739 2,021 1,333 956 294 176 173 144 Nominal Power Potential of Rehabilitation

Rehabilitation of Existing Renewable Hydroelectric Plants
Potential of Rehabilitation [MW]
18000 16000 14000 12000 10000 8000 6000 4000 2000 0

LAC Lags Behind In Energy Efficiency

• The LAC electric sector requires investments of at least US$53 billion by 2018 • 10% of LAC energy consumption in 2018 could be displaced by Energy Efficiency measures with investments of US$17 billion, (US$36 billion in power expansion investment could be avoided - equivalent to 1/3 of planned expansion required).









Republica Dominicana


Rep. Dominican
Paraguay Ecuador Nicaragua

200 194 100

80 78 40

Haiti Belize

54 25

22 10

Costa Rica








Efficiency in the Oil and Gas Sector
Petroecuador Petro-Peru Eco-Petrol Petrobras

Medium-term (2012-2016)
Implement projects and programs consistent with sustainable energy matrix that includes energy policy reformulation and increasing percentage of renewable energy in the matrix.

IDB’s Involvement:

Change Image of Petroleum Companies; Support Efficiency in Processing; and Support Environmental Initiatives.

Medium-term (2012-2016)
Facilitate the Transition to Increasingly Sustainable Energy Matrices Modalities of support: – Project that promote national policy shift and implementation of large scale sustainable energy and energy efficiency projects. g gy gy yp j – Support technical assistance programs on sustainable energy and energy efficiency, which may eventually lead to concrete projects. – Provide knowledge transfer by sector notes and in house analysis to assess the energy resource.

IDB’s Actions
• Expanding access to finance for renewable energy projects Promote structured finance within the sector through:
– Public assets serving as guarantees for future expansion projects. g g p p j
– PPPs without public capital injections. – Temporary and Revolving Sovereign Guarantees. Cost Structure of Tariffs for Renewable Energy Capital Cost + O&M Cost + Debt + ROE = PPA = Tariff NSG = = 6-8% 20% = higher PPA SG = = 2% 0% = lower PPA


Background: in the Caribbean (except for T&T)
• High volatility in oil prices, economic burden for the region • Energy security risks: imported oil • Lack of regulation and policies to promote Sustainable Energy (SE), i l di R (SE) including Renewable Energies (RE) and Energy bl E i dE Efficiency (EE) • Lack of Independent Power Producers (IPPs) and Small Power Producers (SPPs) generating with RE • Lack of Financial Instruments to promote SE

Background: what is new today

Case Study: Barbados
1. Sustainable Energy Framework for Barbados (SEFB) (US$ 1 M)

Barbados Case Study: The SEFB in numbers
• Expected Results
– – – – – – 3500 power meters installed 15,000 CFLs installed (2,033 MWh/year saved) 50 PVs (247 MWh/year saved) 3 Mini Wind RE and EE regulation Tariffs & terms to promote SE

2. SEFB Pilot Program GEF funded (US$ 1 M) Implementation of RE (PV and Mini Wind) Implementation of EE (CFLs, Power Meters)

3. Sustainable Energy Investment Loan (SMART Fund) (US$ 10 M) Objective: Replicate SEF Pilot program and CHENACT

4. Caribbean Hotel Energy Efficiency Action Program (CHENACT) (US$ 1 M) CTO, CAST, CHTA, and GoB GTZ and UNEP

• Replication effect (of the pilot project)
– 4.5 M t CO2e reduced in 20 years – US$ 10 M/year Energy savings in EE and RE combined – At least US$ 2.5 in energy savings per dollar invested

5. Energy Policy-Based Loan (PBL) (US$ 50 M) Achieve Policy and regulation to promote RE and EE


Case Study: The Bahamas Case Study: The Bahamas (Cont.)
1. Strengthening energy sector (US$ 0.7 M) Assist BEC in achieving financial and operational sustainability 2. Promote Sustainable Energy (US$ 0.75 M) Assess RE and EE potential Recommend policy and regulation 3. Implementation of Sustainable Energy projects (US$ 1 M) GEF Implementation of RE: PV Implementation of EE: CFLs, Solar water heaters (SWH)

• Expected Results
– – – – – 150,000 CFLs installed (11,333 MWh/year saved) 435 m2 of SWH installed (295.5 MWh/year saved) 65 KWp installed PVs (113 MWh/year saved) RE and EE regulation Tariffs t T iff & terms to promote SE t t

• Replication effect (of pilot project)
4. Investment Loan to strengthen energy sector and promote sustainable energy including RE and EE projects

– US$ 5 M Energy savings (ref. price US$65/bbl) – At least US$ 1.5 – 2 in energy savings per dollar invested – 1.04 M t CO2e reduced

Other Initiatives in the Caribbean
• With CARICOM (US$ 0.5 Million) – Fossil fuel Pricing Study – Caribbean Sustainable Energy Road Map (C-SERM) – Sustainable Energy Platform – Capacity building for R&D and Science and Technology related to sustainable energy • With Caribbean Tourism Organization and Caribbean Hotel and Tourism Association – Caribbean Hotel Energy Efficiency Action Program – CHENACT Project (US$ 1 Million) • With CARILEC • With Caribbean Community Center for Climate Change (5C)

Other Initiatives in the Caribbean (Cont.)
• In Jamaica
– Technical Assistance to Wigton Wind Farm – EE programs with Ministry of Energy and Development Bank of Jamaica

• In Haiti
– Disaster relief projects (solar generation) for refugee camps, medical centers, public buildings (US$ 2.5 M) – Peligre Dam Rehabilitation – Reconstruction Projects in Energy Sector

• In Guyana
– Promotion of Bioenergy and sustainable biofuels (US$ 0.9 M) – Reduction of losses program

• In Suriname
– RE and Biofuel potential study


The Future for the Caribbean in the energy sector
• RE and EE are no longer a long term initiatives, instead they are a reality • Replication effect not only in Barbados and the Bahamas, but also through the region, in Jamaica, Haiti, Belize, Suriname, Guyana, OECS, among others. • This approach will facilitate the introduction of SE as part of the Ca bbea Caribbean Energy Policy e gy o cy • Creation of new businesses (e.g. Solar Water Heater manufactures (case of Barbados), installers, electricians) • Research, Development and Innovation for universities and research centers will need to form new technicians and professionals • And of course…. Public Education and Public Awareness
Sustainable Energy For All


Meeting on Establishment of a Framework for Regional Renewable Research Centre - Delivered By David Small, Director, Policy and Performance, Trinidad & Tobago Ministry of Energy and Energy Industries


Meeting Objectives/ Background  Ministry of Energy and Energy Industries The Republic of Trinidad and Tobago
• Increasing regional energy import costs • Reduction in traditional sources of regional income • Adverse social, economic, and environmental effects from climate change • Trinidad’s economy is inextricably linked to the welfare of CARICOM Trinidad s economy is inextricably linked to the welfare of CARICOM  member states

Meeting on Establishment of a Framework for Regional Renewable Energy Research Centre Trinidad Hilton Port-ofPort-of-Spain March 10, 2010

• Regional abundance of renewable energy sources • Ongoing multiple renewable energy initiatives in the region • Therefore, region needs effective strategy to mitigate climate change  impacts

Trinidad and Tobago Context
• Net Exporter of Oil and Gas  • Oil and Gas Downstream industries dominate GDP • Country total CO2 emissions very small on a global basis • Recognition of the fact that Climate Change can have  disastrous impacts • VSoA / CHOGM commitments • Strong voice at Copenhagen

Trinidad and Tobago RE/EE Initiatives
Renewable Energy Committee formed by GoRTT Draft National RE Policy Drafted ‐ Currently being reviewed All power generation to be by Combined Cycle by 2016 Expansion in Programme of Compressed Natural Gas for  Vehicles Location for Regional Center



Purpose of the Centre
Information exchange Repository of regional project information and  climate change and related data  Keep stakeholders abreast of new technology,  Keep stakeholders abreast of new technology research, and regional activities Serve as an information clearing house on RE/EE  technologies Network with other regional renewable centres

Purpose of the Centre 

Promote climate change mitigation and adaptation Promote the use of renewable energy sources to  diversify the region’s energy mix towards a more  sustainable future Assist in reducing regional vulnerability to negative  impacts of climate change Promote actions that reduce greenhouse gas emissions Promote appropriate use of RE/EE technologies  throughout the region

Purpose of the Centre (cont’d)
Strengthening Regional Efforts
Serve as the single point of contact for renewable  energy in the region Leverage T&T’s existing relationships and experiences to  benefit the renewable energy efforts in the region Enhance regional institutional capabilities to respond to  negative effects of climate change

Purpose of the Centre (cont’d)
Implementing Strategies
Support the development of renewable energy  policies in member states Execute/implement RE/EE projects Provision of technical advice



Purpose of the Centre


Structure of the Centre
Responsible Agency:  Ministry of Energy and Energy Industries, T&T Regional Advisory Board: Secretariat ‐ Ministry of Energy and Energy     Industries, T&T Industries T&T Staff: – Executive Director – Technical Energy Directors (three) – Research Analysts – Administrative support

Assistance with Financing 
Assistance to CARICOM members with respect to applications/  requests for financial benefits from climate change adaptation  funds (EU fund etc) Assist in the deployment of financial mechanisms for  implementing RE /EE Facilitate carbon commerce opportunities Identify/Catalog projects that are eligible for carbon credits

Centre Financing
Start‐up funding

• March 2010 • April 2010 • August 2010 • Early 2011
Regional Input Launch at Ministerial Development of  Strategic  Plan  Operational

Other agencies (IDB, OAS, etc.)

Operational funding
GoRTT Project specific fees Other agencies (IDB, OAS, etc.)



Thank You


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