Land Transport in Singapore

George Sun LTA Academy Singapore 31st May 2010


• About LTA • Facts & Figures on Land Transport • Challenges and strategies

Land Transport Authority
Ministry of Transport Ministry of Transport (MOT) (MOT)

Land Transport Authority (LTA)

Public Public Transport Transport Council Council (PTC) (PTC)

Civil Civil Aviation Aviation Authority of Authority of Singapore Singapore (CAAS) (CAAS)

Maritime Maritime Port Port Authority Authority (MPA) (MPA)

Land Transport Authority

LTA Subsidiaries MSI Global

LTA Division

EZ-Link Pte Ltd

LTA Academy

LTA’s Functions
• Formulation of land transport policies • Integration of transport planning together with land use • Planning, design and development of Rapid Transit System (RTS) and road infrastructure & systems • Management of road traffic and maintenance of related road infrastructure & systems • Promotion of public transport • Regulation of public transport services • Regulation of private transport ownership and usage • Centralised bus network planning (from 2009)

Vision A People-Centred Land Transport System .

Mission To provide an efficient and cost effective land transport system for different needs .

Facts & Figures on Land Transport in Singapore .

km 43 km CBD High-density High-density housing housing Note: Figures accurate as at Apr 2010 .0 million Land Area : 710 sq.Land Constraint 23 km Population : 5.

000 buses Taxis : 24. 43 stations .000 Note: Figures accurate as at Apr 2010 LRT : 29 km. 4.Public Transport MRT : 130 km. 85 stations Buses: 330 routes.

Travel Statistics Daily MRT/LRT trips : 1.9 million Note: Figures accurate as at Apr 2010 .1 million Daily Taxi trips : 0.9 million Daily Bus trips : 3.

Rapid Transit Systems • MRT serves heavy transit corridors • 2 RTS Operators – SMRT and SBST • 159 km of MRT & LRT lines • Fares and service standards are regulated Note: Figures accurate as at Apr 2010 .

Buses • Provides comprehensive coverage • 2 bus operators – SMRT Buses and SBS Transit – Assigned areas of responsibility • More than 330 scheduled services • Fleet of more than 4.000 • Fares and service standards are regulated Note: Figures accurate as at Apr 2010 .

Taxis • High end personalised public transport service • Industry has been liberalised – Fares de-regulated – New entrants allowed • 7 taxi companies with some individual owners • Service standards are regulated Note: Figures accurate as at Apr 2010 .

577.161 km .3.000 .Road Transport Road Network Expressways Vehicle Population Car Population .926.356 km .000 Note: Figures accurate as at Apr 2010 .

Challenges and Strategies .

o r Day N pe 15% 12% Land Use Roads Housing Others 9.3 mil ys urne f Jo o.9 mil 73% Today 2020 Increase in travel demand must be met largely by public transport .Challenge: Increasing Travel Demand and Limited Land Space 14.

Challenge: Catering to the needs of the elderly and the less mobile .

3 Key Strategies A People-Centred Land Transport System Make Public Transport a Choice Mode Manage Road Usage Meet Diverse Needs .

Making Public Transport A Choice Mode Key initiatives • Improving integration of public transport system • More priority for buses on the roads • Expanding rail network • Greater contestability in public transport industry • Enhancing travel experience .

Centralised Bus Network Planning Enhance integration of PT system Distance based Through fares Future Clementi Hub (artist impression) Integrated transport and landuse planning Integrated PT hubs .

Distance-based Through Fare 3km 5km • – – Today.$0. 3km on the 1st bus and 5km on the 2nd bus Ez-Link fare = $1.40 transfer rebate) • – – With distance-based through fare Fare will be computed based on total distance travelled Based on today’s fare level.93 for 2nd bus trip . fare = $1.71 for 1st bus trip + $0.g. bus-only journey with one transfer E.13 for his 8km journey .24 ($0.

Integrated transport and landuse planning • Integrate transport facilities with building developments • Work closely with other agencies to integrate transport with land use planning .

Integrated PT Hubs Air-conditioned bus interchanges integrated with adjoining RTS stations and commercial developments Toa Payoh Hub Ang Mo Kio Hub Future Clementi Hub (artist impression) .

Extend bus priority Mandatory Give-Way at Bus Bays Full Day Bus lanes .

Expand Rail Network Existing North In Progress By 2020 Thomson Line North-East West Downtown Line NSL East NEL EWL Central Region Tuas Extension Circle Line Eastern Region Line North South Line Extension .

Greater Contestability • Gradually open up basic bus services for greater competition to improve efficiency of bus operations • Competition for the market. not competition in the market • Future RTS operating licences will also be awarded through tender and have shorter duration 26 9 .

Enhance Commuter Experience • Provide Travel nformation – Bus service information posters – Key Bus Services Map – Real-time bus arrival information panels .

Enhance Commuter Experience Provide Travel Information • Public Transport Journey planner • Public Transport Portal • Multi-Modal Travel Information System • Real-time bus arrival information via SMS and mobile platforms .

Enhancing Commuter Experience • Improve pedestrian facilities – Extend provision of Covered linkways and pedestrian overhead bridges .

Enhancing Commuter Experience • Inject more buzz at transport nodes .

Key Targets by 2020 •Increase AM peak modal share on public transport from 63% to 70% •85% of public transport commuters to complete their journeys within 60 minutes (door to door).5 times that by car .7 times to 1. up from 71% today – 80% by 2015 •Reduce average public transport journey time from the current 1.

Manage Road Usage • Develop road network • Leverage on technology • Demand management measures .

Expand road network North South Expressway (2020) SLE KJE BKE KP E TPE PIE Kallang-Paya Lebar Expressway (Sept 2008) PIE ECP AYE Marina Coastal Expressway (2013) .

Leveraging on Technology • Traffic & incident management systems – Green Link Determining System (GLIDE) – Expressway Monitoring & Advisory System (EMAS) – Junction Eyes (J-eyes) – Parking Guidance System (PGS) • Provide more timely traffic information .

EMAS and J-Eyes • Detect incidents & provide timely response to remove obstructions EMAS J-Eyes .

Parking Guidance System • Guide drivers to nearest parking facility with available lots – Reduce circulating traffic looking for parking lots and adding to congestion • Implemented in city areas Motorists will be better informed of availability of parking spaces .

MOTORING portal • Use of radio channel to broadcast traffic information and host public education programmes – Provide motorists with regular.Providing Timely Traffic Information • Real-time traffic information on ONE. accurate and upto-date traffic updates – New avenue for LTA to engage public proactively .

Demand Management • Combination of Ownership and Usage Measures Ownership Control Usage Restraint .

e.Demand Management • Ownership Measures: – Vehicle Quota System (i. COE) – Other Ownership Costs • Additional Registration Fee • Excise Duty • Road Tax • Usage Measures: – Electronic Road Pricing (ERP) – Petrol Duty .

5% p.Vehicle Quota System • Regulates vehicle population growth at a rate that can be sustained by road network •3% p.a. from 2009 to 2011 • A Certificate of Entitlement (COE) required to register a new vehicle .a from 1990 to 2008 •1.

Electronic Road Pricing • ERP is a congestion management tool • Flexible .Rates vary by location/time. based on local traffic conditions • Equitable – motorists pay for congestion costs imposed on others or choose to travel at different time/route or use PT .

Electronic Road Pricing • ERP rates reviewed every 3 months • To ensure optimal use of road space Expressways 45 km/h Increase rate 65 km/h Decrease rate Increase rate Decrease rate 20 km/h 30 km/h Other Roads .

Meeting Diverse Needs • Implement barrier-free accessibility – MRT stations – Lifts and tactile guidance system – Wheelchair accessible buses – Barrier-free road and roadrelated facilities .

Facilitating Cycling • Foldable bicycles allowed on buses and trains • Provide better bicycle parking facilities at public transport nodes • Implement safety signs along commonly-used cycling routes • Dedicated cycling tracks next to pedestrian footpaths .

publications. exhibitions. site visits.Community Engagement • Our people and stakeholders are crucial to developing a more people – centred land transport system Community events. road shows Site visits Meeting residents .

Engaging our People • Land Transport Gallery Opened in Jan 08 – aim to engage different stakeholders Showcase developments in Singapore’s land transport system • VR-10 e-Game. Youth Outreach Programme UITP “Youth Project Award” in 2007 Launched in 2005 – aim to educate primary school students on land transport facts Memories Challenge Theatre Land Transport Today .

Conclusion .

Conclusion Economic success Buzz of activities 24 by 7 Buzz of activities 24 by 7 .

Thank You .

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