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Copyright © 2012 Epistemy Press LLC. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, scanning or otherwise, except as permitted under Sections 107 or 108 of the 1976 United States Copyright Act, without either the prior written permission of the Publisher. For reproduction or quotation permission, please send a written request to firstname.lastname@example.org. Epistemy Press LLC makes no warranties or representations with respect to the content and specifically disclaims any implied warranties or guarantees of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, or non-infringement. Epistemy Press LLC assumes no responsibility for any errors or omissions that may appear in the publication. The author and publisher gratefully acknowledge SAP’s kind permission to use its trademarks in this publication. This publication contains references to the products of SAP AG. SAP, the SAP Logo, R/3, SAP NetWeaver, SAP HANA and other SAP products and services mentioned herein are trademarks or registered trademarks of SAP AG in Germany and in several other countries all over the world. Business Objects and the Business Objects logo, BusinessObjects, Crystal Reports, Crystal Decisions, Web Intelligence, Xcelsius and other Business Objects products and services mentioned herein are trademarks or registered trademarks of Business Objects in the United States and/or other countries. All other products mentioned in this book are registered or unregistered trademarks of their respective companies. SAP AG is neither the author nor the publisher of this publication and is not responsible for its content, and SAP Group shall not be liable for errors or omissions with respect to the materials. This material outlines SAP’s general product direction and should not be relied on in making a purchase decision. This material is not subject to your license agreement or any other agreement with SAP. SAP has no obligation to pursue any course of business outlined in this material or to develop or release any functionality mentioned in this document. This material and SAP’s strategy and possible future developments are subject to change and may be changed by SAP at any time for any reason without notice. This document is provided without a warranty of any kind, either express or implied, including but not limited to, the implied warranties of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, or non-infringement. SAP assumes no responsibility for errors or omissions in this document. ISBN: 978-0-9856008-0-8
About the Cover Image
Speed Limit” you’ve driven on the this sign will a The cover image is a European “No the acceleratorsign. Ifdrive as everas you want toAutobahn in Germany,can go (whichimmediately bring In smile to your face because you can step on and fast or as fast as your car ever comes first). terms of SAP HANA, we selected this image because SAP HANA allows your company to run at top speed with no artificial limit to how fast it can go. If you ever go visit SAP headquarters in Germany, you’ll see this sign about 2 miles south of the Frankfurt airport on the A5 — and there’s no speed limit on your way to visit SAP.
Just like SAP HANA is disrupting the status quo in the database world and breaking lots of ossified rules of the game. And trust me. Basically.Note from the Author about the to business. Who says you have to wait till the whole book is written to release it? Who says you have to charge $$ for an extremely valuable book? Who says it has to be printed on paper with ink and sold in a bookstore? We’ve decided to break all those traditional publishing rules and release the first chapters now (May 2012) and then release the remaining chapters as they are completed. we’ve book in “real-time” and will be delivering it in “realSince this book isthat means shift we “real-time” around for it’s fitting thatthe SAPbeen writing this settle down and solidify before writing each chapter time”. That’s pretty easy: Follow the book on twitter @EpistemyPress and @jeff_word. that can’t wait everything in HANA world to and expect everyone to hold their breath until the entire book is finished and ready to print. it’s important that readers keep connected to learn about the release of new chapters and content updates. SAP HANA is moving extremely fast right now and you could be holding your breath for quite a while waiting for that day. we’ll be doing much the same with this book. Table of Contents 1 SAP HANA Overview 2 SAP HANA Architecture 3 SAP HANA Business Cases & ROI Model 4 SAP HANA Applications 5 SAP NetWeaver Business Warehouse on SAP 6 Data Provisioning with SAP HANA 7 Data Modeling with SAP HANA 8 Application Development with SAP HANA 9 SAP HANA Administration & Operations 10 SAP HANA Hardware 11 SAP HANA Projects & Implementation 12 SAP HANA Resources .com.com website when you register to download the ebook and keep watching experiencesaphana. with quite a few of the technical chapters coming out near the SAP TechEd 2012 events in the fall. sign up for the email updates from the saphanabook. Since this is a “digital-only” book.
Uddhav Gupta. Roland Kramer. Michael Erhardt. Michael Rey. Alvaro Tejada (SAP) SAP Partners Lane Goode (HP). Ron Silberstein. Sebastian Speck SAP Mentors Thomas Jung (SAP). many peoplemany more people willphenomenallyashelpful in the scoping. Storm Archer. Harald Reiter (Deloitte). Tammy Powlas (Fairfax Water). KaiGai Kohei (NEC). Vijay Vijayasankar (IBM).beginning of this journey. Prasad Ilapani. Ben Gruber. Gunther Liebich. Tom Kurtz. Markus Fath. Mike Eacrett. John Appleby (Bluefin). — Jeff SAP Colleagues Margaret Anderson.Acknowledgments the have already been Although we’re atbook. Thomas Zureck. Daniel Rutschman. Bill Lawler. Oliver Mainka. Lothar Henkes. Ralf Czekalla. Wolfram Kleis. Lucas Kiesow. Andrea Voigt (Fujitsu). Johannes Beigel. Vitaliy Rudnytskiy (HP). Si-Mohamed Said. Craig Cmehil (SAP). Gigi Read. Amit Sinha. Kijoon Lee. Puneet Suppal. Rick Speyer (Cisco). Wolfram Kleis. Lori Vanourek. Andrea Neff. Bhuvan Wadhwa. Nadav Helfman. Many thanks to all of you for your support and collaboration. Jason Lovinger. Balaji Krishna. Adolf Brosig. Arne Arnold. Chris March (Hitachi) Production Robert Weiss (Development Editor) Roland Schild (Libreka) Michelle DeFilippo (1106 Design) . content preparation and reviewing of this Their support has been invaluable and be involved the book progresses. Nathan Saunders (Dell). Jay Foard. David Hull. Tag Robertson (IBM). Scott Leatherman. Scott Shepard.
it is just the “tip of the iceberg”.How to use this book “May you live in interesting times” is designed to provide an introduction to SAP HANA to a wide range of readers. The content is structured so that everyone can begin with the introduction chapter and then skip to the subsequent chapters that most interest them. Please continue to visit the SAP HANA Essentials website to download updated and revised editions when they are released (typically in May and November of each year). Hopefully. We’re working on several Level 2 technical books on SAP HANA and are committed to providing as much technical and business content as possible through the Experience SAP HANA website and other channels. Business people will likely skip to the applications and business case chapters while techies will jump ahead to the application development and hardware chapters. Although a great deal of this book focuses on “living in a world without compromises” from a technology and business perspective. this would be a 10. its reads about SAP easy links to Level 2 technical content to continue learning about the various sub-topics in more detail. but in many ways. As This book content is necessarily broad and not-too-technical. . You can also follow @EpistemyPress on Twitter for updates. If we hadn’t. The knowledge you will find in this book is the first step on the journey to becoming a real-time enterprise. Given the massive strategic impact of SAP HANA on the medium and long-term IT architectures of its customers. SAP HANA is a rapidly evolving product and its level of importance to SAP customers will continue to increase exponentially over the next several years.000-page encyclopedia that only a few hundred people would ever read. SAP sponsored the writing of this book and has funded its publication as a free ebook to ensure that everyone can easily access this knowledge. it would probably be odd if anyone actually read this book from beginning to end (but go ahead if you want to). we’ve unfortunately had to make a few compromises in the scope and depth of the content in order to reach the widest possible audience. In fact. We’ve also tried to cover as many of the high-level concepts as possible and provide copious links to deeper technical resources for easy access. We’ve tried to make this book as easy to read as possible to ensure that every reader can understand the concepts and get comfortable with the big picture of SAP HANA. We will attempt to provide updated editions of this book on a semi-annual basis to ensure that you can easily access the most up-to-date knowledge on SAP HANA. from C-level entry-level coders. This book should be the first thing everyone executives down toHANA. but will provide such. Please refer to the last chapter to get a listing of additional free information sources on SAP HANA. you will enjoy reading the chapters and find it quite easy to “punch out” to additional technical information as you go regardless of your level of technical knowledge or business focus. SAP felt that every customer and ecosystem partner should have free access to the essential information they will need to understand SAP HANA and evaluate its impact on their future landscape.
The empowered store-manager can determine these at the point of sale. its sound indistinguishable from that produced by factory-built flutes of yesterday. without disruption. And in Fall 2011. a large Japanese retailer. Today’s machines can bring large amounts of main-memory. movies and books. is driven by an in-memory product called SAP HANA which. Provimi. SAP HANA provides a single in-memory database foundation for managing transactional as well as analytical data processing. phonograph records. SAP AG picked “The Protester” the year for 2011. Thomas Paine published his Common Sense manifesto on a derivation of the Gutenberg press. But social networking is not new. it reached almost a million of the 1. batch processing is converting to real time. delivering fundamental improvements in performance and simplification. cloud computing. as the transaction unfolds. this happens now in 2 seconds — a performance improvement of over 100.000 times. and our customers are starting to see its results. or intellectual renewal. SAP HANA was designed from the ground-up to leverage this. With SAP HANA. we have been engaged in such rethinking. Thus a complex question can be posed to real-time operational data. ostensibly to lower the costs of integrated systems. Some of the most visible recent examples of this dissolving of layers are the transformations we have seen in music. and uses this connectivity to bypass the intermediaries and get straight at the things it seeks. more modular vessels. 3D printing is an even more dramatic example of this transformation. are often viewed as the harbinger of social networking. SAP HANA . Ph. the calculation of incentives for loyalty customers used to take 3 days of data processing. SAP HANA brings these benefits non-disruptively. The iPhone has a high-definition camera within it. this re-bundling increases the clutter that already exists in enterprise landscapes. which better tie into our lives. without forcing a modification of existing systems. But even more important is the opportunity to rethink business processes. SAP HANA achieves this simplification by taking advantage of tremendous advances in hardware over the last two decades. along with a bunch of services for sharing. In the process. A remarkable musical flute was printed recently at MIT. especially well-designed. and our principle of delivering innovation without disruption. I see layers of inefficiency dissolving all around us. for the last several years. the Essar Group. especially the Gutenberg press. have seen performance improvements of thousands to tens of thousands times. as have physical compact discs. The incentive for a customer can be calculated on the fly. With SAP HANA. Charmer Sunbelt. purposeful ones. I believe that information technologies. The ensuing connectedness dissolves away intermediary layers of inefficiency and indirection. and consequently that of our customers. Twitter and Facebook. in more consumable ways. and lots of multi-core CPUs to bear on massively parallel processing of information very inexpensively. An empowered populace gets more connected. connecting and acting in real-time — whether it is to stage uprisings or rent apartments. During the American Revolution. the iPod liberated our music from the housings that confined it. together with mobility. as our chairman and co-founder Hasso Plattner challenged me. a complete removal of the traditional database underneath. distributing and publishing pictures. By putting 3000 songs in our pockets. In reality. A recent issue of the Economist described Martin Luther’s use of social networking. while the customer is in a store. Customers like Colgate-Palmolive. Yet there is more music than ever before. we delivered SAP Business Warehouse on SAP HANA. The capabilities and services provided by workshops and factories are now embodied within a printer that can print things like tools and accessories.5 million residents of the 13 American colonies — about two-thirds of the populace. and the business consequences are radical. The IT industry has focused on too much repackaging and reassembly of existing layers into new bundles. food and musical instruments. and business processes are being rethought. plan travel or author books. even editing them — services that used to be inside darkrooms and studios. and helped seed democracy and America’s birth. layers of inefficiency got dissolved. At SAP. At Yodobashi. more books and more movies. Their content got separated from their containers and got housed in more convenient. to start the Protestant Reformation. It is time for a rethink. Executive Board Member. individuals who spoke up around the world — from Time magazineWall Street. This renewal of SAP’s architecture. is helping to radically simplify enterprise computing and dramatically improve the performance of businesses without disruption.D. our own SAP IT and many others. Physical books and the bookstores they inhabited have been rapidly disappearing.Foreword By Vishal Sikka. edit pictures or consume apps by the millions. videotapes and the stores that housed them. Nongfu Spring. Within a single year. based on the purchases she is about to make. once a month. now approaching 800 million users (more than 10% of humanity). instead of asking pre-fabricated questions on pre-aggregated or summarized data. from India as its person ofindividuals whose recognition of amplified and aggregated by modern technologythe Arab countries to to Greece — voices were and its unprecedented power to connect and empower us. empower and renew us and serve to amplify our reach and our abilities. And yet enterprises have been far too slow to benefit from such renewal and simplification that is pervading other parts of our lives.
By my estimate. While this architecture is vastly disruptive to a traditional relational database architecture. SAP HANA also integrates text processing with managing structured data. that continually brings us all forward. and across application types. Just as the iPod put our entire music libraries in our pockets. enables us to take our entire business with us in our pocket. Empowering us to take actions in real time. can similarly be made truly dynamic. Looking ahead. . communications. and healthcare companies can analyze vast amounts of genome data in real time. in a single system. Even more exciting. One of our customers in Japan is working on using SAP HANA to analyze genome data for hundreds of patients each day. Another customer is using SAP HANA to determine optimal routes for taxicabs. instead of asking pre-fabricated questions on pre-aggregated or summarized data. I expect that we will see lots of amazing improvements similar to Yodobashi’s. To re-think our solutions to solving existing problems — and to help businesses imagine and deliver solutions for previously unsolved problems. The management and optimization of their finances. private or public clouds. oil companies can better explore energy sources. Airlines and heavy machinery makers can do predictive maintenance on their machines. Dr. Banks can manage risks in real-time. combined with mobility and cloud-based delivery. healthcare. entertainment and other activities. something that was impossible before SAP HANA. Thus various types of applications. And it scales simply with addition of more processors or more blades. mining vast amounts of data as needed. Vishal Sikka is a member of the Executive Board of SAP AG and heads the technology and innovation areas. are the unprecedented applications that are now within our reach. to our customers it brings fundamental innovation without disruption. and can be delivered as appliances. and take control of their energy management. The possibilities are endless. based on our instincts as well as our analysis. can all be run off a single. SAP HANA. a cloud of approximately 1000 servers of 80-cores and 2 terabytes of memory each. driven by purposeful technologies. can enable more than 1 billion people on the planet to interactively explore their energy consumption based on real-time information from their energy meters and appliances. And it is this empowerment and renewal. across a company’s lines of businesses. elastically-scalable hardware infrastructure: a grand dissolving of the layers of complexity in enterprise landscapes.question can be posed to real-time operational data. SAP HANA hardware is built by various leading hardware vendors from industry standard commodity components. insurance.
primarily in the distribution chain. The application would . as more users performed more activities on the system. so transmitting data from that server to all the application servers and back again created a huge performance bottleneck. but you couldn’t do both at the same time or you’d kill the system.Chapter 1 SAP HANA Overview “Significant shifts in market share and fortunes occur not because companies try to play the game better than the competition but because they change the rules of the game” — Constantinos Markides 1 industry has a certain set of “rules” that govern the way the companies in adjusted from time time as Everyindustry matures. Unfortunately. Despite these innovations. the requests from the application servers got stuck in the same input/output (IO) bottleneck trying to get data in and out of the database. Today. and reading it remained largely unchanged for several hundred years. the applications. Rendering a large image in Photoshop 10 years ago could take several hours on the most powerful PC. and that was it. Eventually. The transactional data from the application and the data used for reporting were physically stored in the same system. The book industry has operated under the same basic rules since Gutenberg mechanized the production of books in 1440. even on a low-end PC. or OLTP — from documents such as purchase orders and production orders were stored in multiple locations within the database. distribution. operating system. each additional database operation continued to slow down the entire system. SAP engineered quite a few “innovative techniques” in their applications to minimize the number of times applications needed to access the database. The problem wasn’t that the servers lacked sufficient processing power. The transactional data — known as online transaction processing. but the basic processes of writing a book. SAP HANA is disrupting the technology industry in much the same way that Amazon and Apple have disrupted the publishing industry. however. you could just add a few additional application servers to scale out application performance. SAP HANA is one of those massively disruptive innovations for the enterprise IT industry. and so on — is released. each version of Adobe Photoshop was designed to maximize the most current hardware resources available to achieve the optimal performance. printing it. In the early days of mainframe systems. Basically. That is — until Amazon and Apple came along and digitized the production. relatively cheap application servers connected to a larger central database server. To understand this point. the application could use whatever processing power was in the mainframe. we need to consider a few fundamental rules of that industry. The Database Problem: Bottlenecks When SAP R/3 came out in 1992. you had to buy a bigger mainframe. memory. the ever-increasing requests for data from so many application servers began to crush even the largest database servers. This explains the “leapfrogging” behavior of software and hardware products. To address this problem. Consequently. consider that you’re probably reading this book on an e-reader. This technology represents an overwhelming assault of disruptive innovation on a 500+ year-old industry in less than 5 years. For example. There were a few subsequent innovations within the industry. The rules might bechanges the rules ortoeven the the some massive disruption occurs that entire game. and consumption of books. which is a massively disruptive innovation for the positively ancient publishing industry. the latest version. Enterprise software has operated on a very similar model. you could either process transactions or process reports. can perform the same task in just a couple of seconds. If you wanted more power. but the general rules stay basically the same — unlessthat industry operate. all of the software — specifically. more capable generation of hardware — processors. These companies are also starting to revolutionize the writing of books by providing new authoring tools that make the entire process digital and paper-free. The IT Industry: A History of Technology Constraints Throughout the history of the IT industry. and database — was designed to maximize the hardware resources located inside the mainframe as a contained system. the capabilities of applications have always been constrained to a great degree by the capabilities of the hardware that they were designed to run on. where a more capable version of an application is released shortly after a newer. This bottleneck was even more pronounced when it came to reporting data. Before we discuss how this happens. the system still had a single database server. Rather. it was designed to take advantage of a new hardware architecture — client-server — where the application could be run on multiple. when run on current hardware. In contrast. The major advantage of this architecture was that. storage.
even though servers were getting faster and more powerful (and cheaper). SAP MaxDB (called SAP DB at the time). Unfortunately. TREX approached enterprise data in much the same way that Google approaches internet data. their bosses asked them to apply the same technique to a much more imposing problem: the data from a SAP BW cube. LiveCache keeps a persistent copy of all of the relevant application logic and master data needed in memory. the TREX team devised a strategy to eliminate the database from the equation entirely by indexing the cubes and storing the indexes in high-speed RAM. the first step in the transition to a new in-memory architecture for enterprise applications and databases. the system must read multiple tables in the database all at once and then sort the data into reports. Germany. SAP’s initial in-memory technologies were used for very specific applications that contained complex algorithms that needed a great deal of readily accessible data. it was actually getting worse. Running reports on very large cubes (>100GB) was taking several hours. generated by laws such as Sarbanes-Oxley. It was around this time that two other key factors were becoming more significant: (1) internet use and the proliferation of data from outside the enterprise. You can see how this vicious (or virtuous) cycle can spin out of control quickly. When you have to run a report across every transaction in a process for several months. however. the quantities of data that had to be pulled correspondingly increased. the user would input more data. in 2004 SAP initiated several projects to innovate the core architecture of their applications to eliminate this performance bottleneck. until the transaction was completed and the record was updated for the last time. Because the reporting system contained more. Fast forward a few years. the greater the number of users. Having become aware of this issue. and now the acquisitions of Business Objects and Sybase were generating another exponential increase in demands for data from both the transactional and analytic databases from increasing numbers of analytics users and mobile users. To resolve this problem. and logistics data to produce an optimal supply chain plan. As more processes in the company were being automated in the transactional system. a team in SAP’s headquarters in Waldorf. Of course. SAP HANA flips the old model on its head and converts the database from the “boat anchor” that slows everything down into a “jet engine” that speeds up every aspect of the company’s operations. The objective was to enable their customers to leverage the full capabilities of their investment in SAP while avoiding the data latency issues. This arrangement would free up resources for the transactional system to focus on processing transactions. When this technology became operational. Again. but had run out of options in the application layer. SAP could see this trend becoming even more widespread and the bottleneck of the database slowing things down more and more. That is. broader data about the company’s operations. the greater the number of application servers that flooded the database with requests. began to productize a specialized search engine for SAP systems called TREX (Text Retrieval and information EXtraction). TREX scans the tables in a database and then creates an index of the information contained in the table. in fact. SAP has constantly searched for ways to avoid or minimize the performance penalty that customers pay when they pull large data sets from disk. which in turn generated more requests for reports from the database under the reporting system. so did the number of requests for reports. SAP’s Early In-Memory Projects SAP has a surprisingly long history of developing in-memory technologies to accelerate its applications. it was producing more and more data. many of the larger SAP BW customers were having significant performance issues with reports that were running on large data cubes. The Solution: In-Memory Architecture This is the reality that SAP was seeing at their customers at the beginning of the 2000’s. which added extensive internet and integration capabilities to its applications. thus eliminating the need to make multiple trips back and forth to the disk. Because disk I/O has been a performance bottleneck since the beginning of three-tier architecture. This process requires the system to pull a massive amount of data from the database. SAP NetWeaver added many new users and disparate systems that talked to the applications in the SAP landscape. These algorithms — some of the most complex that SAP has ever written — needed to crunch massive amounts of product. These requirements increased the pressure on already stressed systems to analyze more data more quickly. Both the volume of data and the volume of users requesting data were now growing thousands of times faster than the improvements in database I/O. it clearly demonstrated that in-memory caching could solve a major latency issue for SAP customers. To create reports. companies began to build separate OLAP systems such as SAP NetWeaver Business Warehouse to copy the transaction data over to a separate server and offload all that reporting activity onto a dedicated “reporting” system. as the number of requests increased. the logistics planning algorithms required a significant speed boost to overcome the disk I/O bottleneck. more people wanted to use the data. in fact. LiveCache worked extremely well. The SAP BW team had done just about everything possible in the SAP BW application to increase performance. SAP had also just released SAP NetWeaver2. you start dealing with huge amounts of data that have to be pulled through a very slow “pipe” from the database to the application. Basically. to be answerable for all of their financial transactions. Similarly. At that time. and so on. The only remaining solution was to eliminate the bottleneck itself. which essentially prevents users from doing anything else in the system while it’s generating the report. and customers were generating dramatically increasing quantities of data. The Beginnings: LiveCache and SAP BWA When SAP introduced Advanced Planning Optimizer (APO) as part of its supply chain management application in the late 1990s. Each transactional record by itself doesn’t contain very much data. So. the app would read a bit more data from the database. the bottleneck associated with obtaining data from the disk wasn’t getting better. SAP R/3 had been hugely successful. Initial results for Euclid were mind-blowing: The new technology could execute query responses for the same reports on the same data thousands of . Because the index is a tiny fraction of the size of the actual data. In the best spirit of disruptive innovators. In 2003. SAP was concerned that customers who had invested massive amounts of time and money into acquiring and implementing these systems to make their businesses more productive and profitable would be unable to get maximum value from them. it processed data 600 times faster than disk-based I/O. Cubes are the basic mechanism by which SAP BW stores data in multidimensional structures. Looking forward. and built them into a memory-resident cache system called SAP LiveCache. The timing couldn’t have been better. Within its narrow focus. which would then get dumped into the reporting system. SAP solved this problem in 1999 by taking some of the capabilities of its open-source database. the TREX team came up with the idea of putting the entire index in the RAM memory of the server to speed up searches of the index.OLTP — from documents such as purchase orders and production orders were stored in multiple locations within the database. The application would read a small quantity of data when the purchasing screen was started up. Thus. Project Euclid was born. and (2) the regulatory pressures on corporations. sometimes even days. as the amount of operational data in the SAP NetWeaver Business Warehouse database increased exponentially. production. The SAP projects resulted in the delivery of SAP HANA in 2011.
the Tracker team passed its primary performance and “reality check” goal: the SAP Standard Application Benchmark for 1000 user SD two-tier benchmark with more than 6000 SAPs. SAP launched the product SAP NetWeaver Business Intelligence Accelerator. the Tracker Project was strictly “Top Secret. Intel immediately sent a team to SAP headquarters to begin the optimization work. the team discovered how to package Euclid into a stand-alone server that would sit next to the existing SAP BW system and act as a non-disruptive “turbocharger” for a customer’s slow SAP BW reports. or BWA) BWA has since evolved into one of SAP’s best-selling products. this undertaking is a lot more complicated than it sounds. an entirely new world of possibilities had opened up for SAP to fundamentally change the rules of the game for database technology. Passing the benchmark in such a short time with a small team — in total secrecy — was a truly amazing feat. the team was an all-star lineup of everyone inside and outside SAP who could contribute to this “ big hairy audacious goal” of building the first in-memory database prototype for SAP (the direct ancestor of SAP HANA).” even to SAP employees. To put that in perspective. SAP decided to build a skunkworks project to validate and test the idea. it represented another successful use of in-memory. Because the new SAP database was in an early experimental stage and the final product could seriously disrupt the market. less than four months after the start of the project. SAP began an academic research project to experiment with the inner workings of in-memory databases with faculty and students at the Hasso Plattner Institute at the University of Potsdam in Germany. Eventually. Two of the Stanford researchers went on to found companies to commercialize their research. and several database experts from outside the company. Along with LiveCache. thereby increasing performance exponentially. The Next Step: The Tracker Project Once the results for BWA and LiveCache began to attract attention. One product was a database query optimization tool known as Callixa. hired several of the most distinguished database geniuses on the planet. Even more importantly. Since that time the two companies have continuously worked together to optimize every successive generation of chips. In the mid-1990s. . As we’ll see later. In early 2006. (The company subsequently changed the name to SAP NetWeaver Business Warehouse Accelerator. the key engineers who built LiveCache. BWA solved a huge pain point for SAP customers. In late 2005. and the other was a native in-memory database called P*Time. The researchers examined the prototypes from the Tracker team — now called NewDB — and added some valuable external perspectives on how to mature the technology for enterprise applications. The team completed the porting and verification of the in-memory database on a server with 64gb of RAM. or BIA. which essentially matched the performance of the two leading certified databases at the time.Initial results for Euclid were mind-blowing: The new technology could execute query responses for the same reports on the same data thousands of times faster than the old system. a few of the key architects from the SAP MaxDB open-source database team. however. the success of BWA proved to SAP and its customers that in-memory data processing just might be an architectural solution to database bottlenecks. SAP quietly acquired Callixa and P*time (as well as a couple of other specialist database companies). several researchers at Stanford University had performed the first experiments to build an in-memory database for a project at HP Labs. but eliminating the disk completely from the architecture takes the concept to an entirely different level of complexity and introduces a great deal of unknown technical issues into the landscape. and put them to work with the Tracker team. Shortly after achieving this milestone. which was the maximum supported memory at the time. in 2005. The result was the Tracker Project. it took Microsoft several years of engineering to port Microsoft SQL to SAP and pass the benchmark the first time. At the same time. Basically. In 2005. The Tracker team was composed of the TREX/BWA engineers. Suddenly. SAP decided to take the next big step and determine whether it could run an entire database for an SAP system in memory. SAP held some senior-level meetings with Intel to formulate a joint-engineering project to optimize Intel’s new dual-core chips to natively process the SAP operations in parallel. Using memory as a cache to temporarily store data or storing indexes of data in memory were key innovations. with one of the highest customer satisfaction ratings. the SAP ERP performance optimization and benchmarking gurus. Therefore.
to engineer a new technology architecture for a company. SAP also had to be very thoughtful about how its customers would eventually adopt such a fundamentally different core technology underneath the SAP Business Suite. The old saying that “time is money” is still completely true. the new SAP database architecture was created to help users run their business processes more effectively4. disk-based database with SAP HANA. In addition. however. however. the major benefits of in-memory storage are that users no longer have to wait for the system. every business process in a company has some amount of “latency” associated with it. So. latency is a bad thing. and purchase materials economically. while its primary competitor accomplishes this task in 5 days — even though both companies are using the same SAP software to manage the process. occurs because people have to wait while their information systems process the relevant data. and they result in less effective use of all the system’s capabilities. Clearly. Unfortunately. SAP had renovated this software so that it could run natively on top of SAP HANA. SAP designed Business Warehouse 7. Not only did these revelations shock the technology world into the “new reality” of in-memory databases. passing a benchmark and running tests in the labs are far removed from the level of scalability and reliability needed for a database to become the mission-critical heart of a Fortune 50 company. it also had to reduce the complexity and costs of managing the landscape for the IT department. The team spoke. Why does it take one company twice as long as its competitor to complete the same process? What factors contribute to that additional “process latency”? The answers lie in the reality that the software is simply the enabler for the execution of the business process. When businesspeople can’t use a system to get a quick response to their questions or get their job done when they need to. Some of that waiting is due to human activities. often have to do a lot of “waiting” both during and between the various process steps. Today. Hasso Plattner. it’s worth watching. If you saw it when he delivered it. they invent workarounds to avoid the constraint. It’s Professor Plattner at his best. Much of it. The Business Impact of a New Architecture When viewed from a holistic perspective. The people who have to work together to complete the process. Making that business case involved much more than just the eye-catching “speeds and feeds” from the raw technology. They realized that even the most incredible database would be essentially useless if SAP’s customers couldn’t make the business case to adopt it because it was too disruptive to their existing systems. but they initiated a massive shift for both SAP and its partners and customers into the world of “real-time business”. It also discourages people from using the software frequently or as it was intended. This development sent shockwaves throughout the data warehousing world because almost every SAP NetWeaver Business Warehouse customer could immediately3 replace their old.However. and “latency” is just a nice way of saying “money wasted while waiting.” As we discussed earlier. At its core. In November 2011. It had to enabled them to track their inventory more accurately. announced SAP’s vision for delivering an entirely inmemory database layer for its application portfolio. with the senior IT leadership of several of SAP’s largest customers to obtain insights concerning the types of concerns they would have about such a monumental technology shift at the bottom of their “stacks. workarounds can seriously compromise data quality and integrity. and the information they need to make more intelligent decisions is instantly available at their fingertips. SAP achieved another milestone when it released SAP Business Warehouse 7. So. For example. Different Rules: SAP HANA One year later. SAP also introduced the first SAP applications that were being built natively on top of SAP HANA as an application platform. one public company might require 10 days to complete its quarterly closing process. it’s probably worth watching again. SAP’s customers would switch databases only if the new database was minimally disruptive to implement and extremely low risk to operate. under NDA. SAP embarked on a “bullet-proofing” effort to evolve the “project” into a “product”. both inside and outside the company. manufacture their products more efficiently. In addition to all the technical challenges of building a completely new enterprise-scale database from scratch on a completely new hardware architecture. SAP’s senior executives made the team’s primary objective the development of a disruptive technology innovation that could be introduced into SAP’s customers’ landscapes in a non-disruptive way. At the same time. In May 2010. sell their products more effectively. you first have to focus on WHAT the entire system has to do for the business. As we have discussed. Slow-performing systems force people to take more time to complete their jobs. having to wait several minutes or several hours or even several days to obtain an answer from your SAP system is a primary contributor to process latency. Thus. such as lunch breaks or meetings. there’s an even darker side to slow systems. SAP announced the first live customers on SAP HANA and that SAP HANA was now generally available.3. To make the transition as painless as possible for its customers. If you haven’t seen his keynote speech. What made this new architecture especially attractive was the fact that SAP customers did not have to modify their current systems to accommodate it. the entire “stack” needed to run a Fortune 50 company is maddeningly complex. In essence. Different Game. companies that employ in-memory systems are operating in “real . Innovation without Disruption Clay Christensen’s book The Innovator’s Dilemma was very popular reading among the Tracker team during the early days.3 to be a non-disruptive innovation. To accomplish this difficult balancing act. SAP’s supervisory board chairman and chief software advisor. Both of these factors introduce latency into process execution. however.” The customers provided some valuable guidelines for how SAP should engineer and introduce such a disruptive innovation into their mission-critical landscapes. for the next four years. The effort and costs spent on “inventing” workarounds to the performance limitations of the system waste a substantial amount of institutional energy and creativeness that ideally should be channeled into business innovation. SAP would have to build a hugely disruptive innovation to the database layer that could be adopted and implemented by its customers in a non-disruptive way at the business application layer.
In hindsight. By this time. making it easier to carry and store. inflexible. The key innovation was that Apple was able to fit a tiny 1. First. Over the years. however. None of the existing database vendors had any incentive to change the status quo (see The Innovator’s Dilemma for all the reasons why). hybrid row/column store. SAP released their service-oriented architecture. Cheaper. But faster. Hard drives had become so enormous that nobody had enough music to fill them. Apple had to make several architectural compromises to squeeze that hard drive into the iPod. SAP also had to innovate in a third direction: business flexibility. the storage capacity of the hard drive was no longer such a big deal. a disappointingly short battery life. and it couldn’t have been more critical to SAP’s future success. Apple could also build another model with nearly all of the same parts that could also make phone calls. SAP’s customers needed a huge amount of flexibility to modify. Take the ubiquitous iPod for example. long battery life. companies that employ in-memory systems are operating in “real time. There was a tiny monochrome display. it enabled the company to shrink the thickness and reduce the weight of the iPod. and much cheaper to acquire and operate. when you compare the cost of an in-memory database to that of a disk-based database on the appropriate metric — cost per gigabyte per second — in-memory is actually cheaper. for several reasons. The only way out of this dilemma was for SAP to innovate around the database problem entirely. and adapt their core business processes to reflect their rapidly changing business needs. 32 times more than the original 5gb model.”) I/O speed wasn’t a significant concern for playing MP3s. however. when you compare the total cost of ownership (TCO) of in-memory databases. Mobile devices. and cheaper than the generation it is replacing. In addition to the vastly expanded storage capacity. Apple could now turn the entire front of the device into a display. it created more room for a bigger motherboard and a larger display. Inserting a bigger motherboard in turn allowed Apple to insert a larger. Thus. The physics needed to spin a hard disk drained the battery very quickly. and a sufficient amount of storage.to make more intelligent decisions is instantly available at their fingertips. Cheaper There’s another fundamental law of the technology industry: Faster. even though it wasn’t the first MP3 player on the market. Going even further. Despite these limitations. It wasn’t significantly faster than its competitors. Better. better. It had an operating system. In fact. It was the shift to solid-state memory as the storage medium for iPods that really changed the game for Apple.8-inch hard drive into its small case so you could carry 5gb of music in your pocket. and expensive database. In addition. better.” Otherwise. When Apple introduced the iPod in 2001. there are some amazing possibilities. users can focus on eliminating the latency in the other areas of the process. However. more flexible.” Significantly. better. First. If you really look at what the switch from an “old” platform to a “new” platform can do for overall usability of the solutions on top of the platform. Geoffrey Moore has some great thoughts on how gamechanging technologies “cross the chasm.” He maintains. eliminating the physical hard drive more than doubled the battery life since there were no more mechanical disks to spin. SAP needed to engineer a breakthrough innovation in in-memory databases to build the foundations for a future architecture that was faster. and cheaper are fundamental characteristics that must be present for a successful product introduction. in 2001 people had been thrilled with 5gb of storage. Significantly. audio and video capabilities. The Need for Business Flexibility In addition to speeding up database I/O throughput and simplifying the enterprise system architecture. Moore’s law had been in effect for four full cycles and 16gb of memory cost about the same as a 160gb hard drive. the iPod was still so much better than anything else out there it soon took over the market. (This is a classic illustration of “changing the rules of the game. SAP had become adept at automating “standard” business processes for 24 different industries globally. each new generation of product or technology has to be faster. leaving very little room for anything else. that faster. none of that flexibility was going to benefit their customers if the applications and platform that managed those dynamic business processes were chained to a slow. new processes were springing up too fast to count. however. These innovations essentially transformed a simple music player into a miniature computer that you could carry in your pocket. and ease of operations. Removing the hard drive and its spinning disks had a huge impact on Apple’s design parameters. It’s like shining a spotlight on all the problem areas of the process now that the system latency is no longer clouding up business transparency. Better. tighter integration with the apps. more powerful processor in the device. it revolutionized the way that people listened to music. In-memory computing fits the faster. Faster. or customers won’t purchase it. however. Finally. By that measure. and big data scenarios were creating a whole new set of business possibilities for customers. In 2003. 5gb of disk for roughly the same price as 64mb of RAM was a huge difference. cheaper is even more important than just the raw technology. That is. simpler. better. once you remove all of the latency from the systems. at a time when most other MP3 players could hold only ~64mb of music in flash memory. In 2007. Comparison of Apple iPod Models . Fast-forward six years. a fairly weak processor. and. and Apple was selling millions of units of its most current version of the “classic” iPod. Despite this progress. the new model sold at the same price as the original. Apple had added a color screen and a pressure-sensitive “click wheel. because they could download their entire CD collection onto the iPod. among other things. extend. cloud applications. It was one of those impossible challenges that engineers and business people secretly love to tackle. and SAP couldn’t afford to sit by and watch these problems continue to get worse for their customers. a clunky mechanical “click wheel” user interface. most importantly. I/O is hundreds to thousands of times faster on RAM than on disks. the hard drive took up most of the case. which contained 160gb of storage. Apple could build an iPod with 16gb of solid-state RAM storage — which was only one-tenth of the capacity of the current hard drive model — for the same price as the 2001 model. the newer model was similar to the original in most ways. but it was so phenomenally better and cheaper per megabyte (even at $399) that it became a category killer. Meanwhile. they’re even more economical to operate than traditional databases due to the reduction of superfluous layers and unnecessary tasks. so the cost per megabyte per second calculation wasn’t terribly relevant. Also. In fact. cheaper model perfectly. and began to renovate the entire portfolio of SAP apps to become extremely flexible and much easier to modify. which it redesigned as a touch-screen interface (hence the name iPod Touch). In-memory databases are a better architecture due to their simplicity. There’s really no comparison in how rapidly you can get memory off a database in RAM than off a database on disk. SAP NetWeaver. Most importantly.
At that point. at the time it required a huge leap of faith to take. the iPad. Apple still makes and sells the “classic” iPod (160gb /$249). Storing data in memory isn’t a new concept. Although this might seem like an obvious choice in retrospect. eventually. and cheaper architecture. SAP is convinced that SAP HANA represents a similar architectural shift for its application platform. Most of the other pieces of technology in the architecture improved as expected over the years. In-Memory Basics Thus far. you’ll need an overwhelmingly compelling b usiness reason to forego all the goodness of the new architecture and renovated SAP apps on top of SAP HANA. But the real game changer was the switch from disk to memory. There are also some cutting-edge concepts. Before we do so. Some of these concepts might be similar to what you already know about databases and server technology. b ut they’re predicting a similar adoption trend once the SAP Business Suite is supported on SAP HANA. and. iPhone. In essence. we next “dive into the deep end” of SAP HANA. multi-core CPUs — multiple CPUs located on one chip or in . What is new is that now you can store your whole operational or analytic database entirely in RAM as the primary persistence layer5. in these systems slow disk I/O was the main bottleneck in data throughput. will encourage the development of a new breed of business applications that are built natively to exploit this new platform. getting rid of the hard drive in the iPods was the most critical technology decision Apple made to deliver the iPod Touch. here are a few basic concepts about in-memory computing that you’ll need to understand. it only made sense that developers would build new applications to exploit the capabilities of the new platform. Once a large number of people began to carry a computer around in their pocket. it was the same piece of technology that made the original iPod so successful. As we have seen. b ut do you know anyone who’s b ought a hard-drive b ased iPod in the last five years? You’d have to really need all that storage to give up all the features of the iPod touch. Ironically. Think about that for a second: Apple had to eliminate the key technology in the iPod that had made them so successful in order to move to the next level of success with the iPod Touch and the iPhone. SAP also believes that this new architecture. back to the memory-as-storage paradigm that the portable music player market had started with. b ut it is a tiny fraction of their overall iPod sales. Historically database systems were designed to perform well on computer systems with limited RAM. So. With this information as background. someb ody must b e b uying the “old” iPods and Apple must b e making some money off of them. Today. Note: as of early 2012. better. That single decision freed Apple to innovate without constraints and allowed them to change the rules of the game again. however. we’ve focused on the transition to in-memory computing and its implications for IT. Although Apple couldn’t have predicted the success of games like “Angry Birds.” they realized that innovation couldn’t be unleashed on their new platform until they removed the single biggest piece of the architecture that was imposing all the constraints. that merit discussion.Source: Apple Inc. Eliminating the disk-based database will provide future customers with a faster. SAP thinks that there will also b e a small category of its customers who will continue to want the “old” architecture — so they’ll continue to support that option. however. like the solid-state memory in the iPod.
Conversely. In fact. configuration tables). The SAP HANA database allows the application developer to specify whether a table is to be stored column-wise or row-wise. in contrast. SAP typically recommends that companies double the estimated compressed table data to determine the amount of RAM needed in order to account for real-time calculations. A row-oriented storage system stores a table as a sequence of records. you actually “lose” less data and recover much faster than in a traditional disk-based architecture. there are several levels of caching and temporary storage to keep data closer to the application and avoid excessive numbers of round-trips to the database (which slows things down). Despite these surface similarities. Pure In-Memory Database With SAP HANA. Persistence Layer The SAP HANA database persistence layer stores data in persistent disk volumes (either hard disk or solid-state drives). Parallel Processing Multiple CPUs can now process parallel requests in order to fully utilize the available computing resources. and it has to store and manage data reliably. Compression Because of the innovations in hybrid row/column storage in SAP HANA. The table has a large number of rows. Column-based tables have advantages in the following circumstances: Calculations are typically executed on a single column or a few columns only. It also enables the developer to alter an existing table from columnar to row-based and vice versa. OS and other associated programs beyond just the raw table data. Applications have to put data in and take data out of the database. The table has a large number of columns. which avoids the performance penalty of disk I/O completely. each of which contains the fields of one row. The decision to use columnar or row-based tables is typically a determined by how the data will be used and which method is the most efficient for that type of usage. conceptually SAP HANA is very similar to most databases you’re familiar with. Neither aggregations nor fast searching is required. so that columnar operations are required (aggregate. In a disk-based database architecture. The persistence layer ensures that changes are durable and that the database can be restored to the most recent committed state after a restart. which allows them to hold complete databases in RAM. What follows here is a brief summary of some of the key advantages of SAP HANA over its aging disk-based cousins. a database table is a two-dimensional data structure with cells organized in rows and columns.). g. This means that 5TB of raw data can optimally fit onto an SAP HANA server that has 1TB of RAM. Currently server processors have up to 64 cores. However. because the required backup operations to disk can take place asynchronously as a background task. two options exist: row-based storage and column storage. SAP HANA . (This applies to many selects and/or updates of single records. data sources have to interface with it. There’s a techie book6 on all those conceptual differences if you really want to get down into the details. With the increasing number of cores. but this pipe can send a flood of data to hundreds of processors at the same time so that they can crunch more data without waiting for anything. Row-based tables have advantages in the following circumstances: The application needs to only process a single record at one time. Computer memory. all relevant data are available in main memory. The columns contain primarily distinct values so that the compression rate would be low. we can focus more specifically on the SAP HANA architecture. The key difference with SAP HANA is that all of those caches and layers are eliminated because the entire physical database is literally sitting on the motherboard and is therefore in memory all the time. just like a Microsoft Excel spreadsheet. So. however. The table has a small number of rows (e. Columnar and Row-Based Data Storage Conceptually. companies can typically achieve between 5x and 10x compression ratios on the raw data. etc.one package — are standard. and 128 cores will soon be available. not only is there a bigger “pipe” between the processor and database. this arrangement shifts the performance bottleneck from disk I/O to the data transfer between CPU cache and main memory (which is already blazing fast and getting faster). High compression rates can be achieved because the majority of the columns contain only few distinct values (compared to the number of rows). If power is lost. SAP HANA uses an advanced delta-insert approach for rapid backup and logging. To store a table in linear memory. SAP HANA is a “hybrid” database that uses both methods simultaneously to provide an optimal balance between them. This doesn’t slow down performance. with fast communication between processor cores enabling parallel processing. in column storage the entries of a column are stored in contiguous memory locations. As we noted earlier. It is important to note that there are quite a few technical differences between a database that was designed to be stored on a disk versus one that was built to be entirely resident in memory. scan. however. Significantly. Either disk or solid-state drives are still required for permanent persistency in the event of a power failure or some other catastrophe. Main memory is no longer a limited resource. the data in RAM is lost. SAP HANA Architectural Overview Now that we’ve discussed the key concepts underlying in-memory storage. modern servers can have 2TB of system memory.) The application typically needs to access a complete record (or row). because the persistence layer manages restore points and backup at such high speeds (from RAM to SSD) and recovery from disk to RAM is so much faster than from regular disk. is organized as a linear structure. This arrangement dramatically simplifies the architecture.. The table is searched based on values of a few columns. swap space. CPUs are able to process increased data volumes in parallel.
We’ll spend a few moments here explaining these capabilities at a basic level. SAP HANA in-memory appliance Finally.” but it contains several modern innovations that make it much more powerful and flexible. In fact. Second. it is delivered as a pre-configured. For most SQL statements it is irrelevant whether the table is columnbased or row-based. MDX can be used . These extensions are available for creating tables as both row-based and column-based tables and for conversion between the two formats.is quite different “under the hood” than any database in the market. it offers several SQL extensions on top of this standard. The SQL implementation of the SAP HANA database is based on SQL 92 entry-level features and core features of SQL 99. We’ll discuss them in much more technical detail in the SAP HANA Architecture chapter. SQLScript The SAP HANA database has its own scripting language. without re-learning any proprietary APIs. time-based queries and column-store specific parameters — that are supported only for columnar tables. However. named SQLScript. SAP HANA comes with several ways to connect easily to nearly any source system in either real-time or near real-time. However. SAP HANA is much more than just a database. it includes all of the standard application interfaces and libraries so that developers can immediately get to work using it. SQLScript is similar conceptually to “stored procedures. that offers scripting capabilities that allow application-specific calculations to run inside the database. In what ways is SAP HANA unique? First. MDX Interface The SAP HANA database also supports MDX (MultiDimensional eXpressions). These features are designed to make SAP HANA as close to “plug-and-play” as it can be and to make it a non-disruptive addition to your existing landscape. it’s a full-featured database platform. In reality. This eliminates many of the typical activities and problems you find in regular databases. Programming Interfaces for SAP HANA SQL SQL is the main interface for client applications. there are some features — for example. pre-installed appliance on certified hardware. It includes many tools and capabilities “in the box” that make it much more valuable and versatile than a regular database. the de facto standard for multidimensional queries.
Attribute views are built on dimensions or subject areas used for business analysis. By incorporating procedural language support — C++. in addition to its being a standard SQL database. These raw data are constantly available in memory for analytical purposes. the information modeler. The following client libraries are provided for accessing the SAP HANA database via SQL or MDX: JDBC driver for Java clients ODBC driver for Windows/Unix/Linux clients. index tables. Calculation views are used to create custom data sets to address complex business requirement using database tables. and lifecycle management. Engines The core of the SAP HANA database contains several engines that are used for specific tasks. The information modeler is used for modeling data. processed. MDX can be used to connect a variety of analytics applications like SAP Business Objects products and clients such as Microsoft Excel.” SAP HANA Studio The SAP HANA Studio is the primary interface for developers. administrators. and it consists of three perspectives: the administration console. in SAP HANA. Calculation Engine What truly makes SAP HANA unique is that. especially for MS Office integration DBSL (Database Shared Library) for ABAP Business Function Library SAP has leveraged its deep application knowledge from the ABAP stack to port specific functionality as infrastructure components within SAP HANA to be consumed by any application logic extension. 2. Information models created in SAP HANA can be consumed directly by Business Objects BI clients or indirectly by using the Universe/Semantic Layer built on top of SAP HANA views. Replication-based data provisioning like Sybase Replication Server or SAP SLT (System Landscape Transformation) provide near real-time synchronization of data sets between the source system and SAP HANA. SAP SLT can also be used to “direct write” data back to the source system in scenarios where “write back” or “round trip” synchronization to the SAP source system is needed. and ABAP — directly into the database kernel through a dedicated calculation engine. Planning Engine The SAP HANA database contains a component called the planning engine that allows financial planning applications to execute basic planning operations in the database layer. DS loads snapshots of data periodically as a batch and is triggered from the target system. it can achieve exceptional performance because the data do not need to be moved out of the database. It benefits from . Libraries The technical details of communicating with the SAP HANA database are contained in a set of included client libraries for standard platforms and clients. The administration console of the studio allows system administrators to administer and monitor the database. dynamic data modeling on the lowest granular level is loaded into the system. which utilizes SQLScript and stored procedures to perform business logic on the data models. create backups. and data modelers. Data Provisioning for SAP HANA SAP HANA offers both real-time replication and near real-time/batch replication to move data from source systems to the SAP HANA database. Analytical views are multidimensional views or OLAP cubes. Python. The two primary engines are the planning engine and the calculation engine. Data Modeling in SAP HANA Business and IT users can either create on-the-fly non-materialized data views or build reusable ones on top of standard SQL tables via a very intuitive user interface. attribute views. It is based on the open-source Eclipse framework. After the initial replication of historical records. physical aggregate tables. ETL-based data provisioning is primarily accomplished with SAP BusinessObjects Data Services (DS). SAP HANA provides three types of modeling views: 1. users experience bottlenecks when changing business requirements requires modifications to the existing data model. which required users to delete and re-load data into materialized views. and they are not pre-loaded in cache. and so on. Information models in SAP HANA are a combination of attributes/dimensions and measures. it also natively supports data calculation inside the database itself. It includes database status information as well as functions to start/stop the database. The type of data provisioning tool used is primarily determined by the business needs of the use case and the characteristics of the source system. The lifecycle management perspective provides an automated SAP HANA service pack (SP) for updates using the SAP Software Update Manager for SAP HANA (SUM for SAP HANA). the changed data are pushed from the source to SAP HANA based on triggers such as table updates.The SAP HANA database also supports MDX (MultiDimensional eXpressions). and then written back in. 3. and analytical views in on-the-fly calculations. Examples of common business functions are “currency conversion” and “calendar functionality. It is based on SAP’s proven System Landscape Optimization (SLO) technology that has been used for many years for Near Zero Down Time upgrade and migration projects. TriggerBased Data Replication using SLT is based on capturing database changes at a high level of abstraction in the source SAP system. In traditional databases. perform a recovery. which enable users to analyze values from single-fact tables related to the dimensions in the attribute views. It enables users to create new data models or modify existing ones. the de facto standard for multidimensional queries. Real-Time Replication Using SLT SLT replicator provides near-real-time and scheduled data replication from SAP source systems to SAP HANA. change the configuration. or any other redundant data storage. In contrast.
It may also add specific best-practices and configuration. and User provisioning. Back-up & Recovery. using the latest Intel Xeon E7 processors. SLT can be installed on an existing SAP source system or as an additional lightweight SAP system side-by-side with the source system. The customer then establishes connectivity to the source systems and clients. Due to its hybrid table structure. a primary database for SAP NetWeaver Business Warehouse. Backup & Recovery The Administration console in the SAP HANA Studio supports the following scenarios: Recovery to the last data backup Recovery to both the last and previous data backups Recovery to last state before the crash Point-in-time recovery In the event of disaster scenarios such as fires. NEC. role-based security and analysis authorization using analytic privileges. The appliance approach for SAP HANA systems reduces the implementation and maintenance effort significantly. Solution Manager setup. As SAP HANA matures and SAP renovates its entire portfolio of solutions to take advantage of all the horsepower in SAP HANA. the SAP HANA database can be connected as a secondary database to an SAP ECC system and provide accelerated data processing for existing SAP applications. SAP is currently testing a 60 node SAP HANA instance in the labs. SAP HANA performs equally well for analytic and transactional applications. SAP uses the amount of RAM to determine the server’s t-shirt size as well as its price. Using DBSL. SAP router connectivity. SAP HANA can be used for four basic types of use case: agile data mart. where the failover is triggered automatically. file formats. but it does not eliminate it completely. the OS. the installation and configuration of SAP BusinessObjects business analytics client components. and a development platform for new applications. SAP HANA servers are sold in “t-shirt” sizes ranging from Extra-Small (128GB RAM) all the way up to Extra Large (>2TB RAM). With this point in mind. HP. and it can parallelize database changes on multiple tables or by segmenting large table changes.” so it does not impose a per-processor charge for SAP HANA. companies can deploy up to 16 Extra Large server nodes into on logical database instance. These values can be applied to a set of users by assigning them to user/role. which equates to a maximum of 32TB of RAM and 128 CPUs with 1280 total cores. Because RAM is the key technology for SAP HANA. SAP HANA Use Cases Because SAP HANA is both a database (in the traditional sense) and a database platform (in the modern sense). however. Dell. Analytics and statistics on historical monitoring data are also provided to enable efficient data center operations and for planning future resource allocations. It’s important to remember that SAP has developed SAP HANA to be a non-disruptive addition to existing landscapes.Based Data Replication using SLT is based on capturing database changes at a high level of abstraction in the source SAP system. Real-Time Replication with Direct Write/Write-back SAP HANA also supports real-time replication with direct write using database shared library (DBSL) connection. and SSL support. SAP BusinessObjects Data Services is a proven ETL tool that supports broad connectivity to databases. including deployment in the customer data center. we’ll discuss the key use cases that are most typical for SAP HANA deployments today. and we’ll consider some potential future scenarios. including the deployment of additional replication components on the source system(s) and. System Monitoring The Administration console provides tools to monitor the system’s status. Applications can use the DBSL on the application server layer to simultaneously write to traditional databases and the SAP HANA database. Administrators are notified by an alert mechanism when critical situations arise. the better. you can expect to see nearly every product that SAP . connectivity to the network. and the consumption of its resources. earthquakes or hardware failures. and the SAP software. The hardware vendor provides factory pre-installation for the hardware. SAP Business Suite accelerator. multipurpose appliance that combines SAP software components optimized on hardware provided by SAP’s leading hardware partners such as Cisco. It provides the modeling environment to model data flows from one or more source systems along with transformations and data cleansing. It benefits from being database and OS agnostic. and unstructured data. Hitachi. Extraction (ETL) / Periodic Load The ETL-based data load scenario uses SAP BusinessObjects DataServices to load the relevant business data from virtually any source system (SAP and non-SAP) to the SAP HANA database. IBM. and Fujitsu. in reality installing SAP HANA requires on-site activities and coordination on a high technical level. SAP’s underlying philosophy is “the more processors (cores). Analytical privileges provide security to the analytical objects based on a set of attribute values. it really shines in scenarios that involve both types of data. With the current certified Scale-Out options from SAP HANA hardware providers. The vendor finalizes the installation with on-site setup and configuration of the SAP HANA components. power outages. SAP HANA Hardware SAP HANA is delivered as a flexible. its services. SAP HANA Database Administration The SAP HANA Studio Administration Console provides an all-in-one environment for System Monitoring. applications. legacy. Although the term “appliance” suggests a “black box” that plugs into an outlet. SAP HANA supports Hot Standby using synchronous mirroring with the redundant data center concept — including a redundant SAP HANA system — in addition to Cold Standby using a standby system within one SAP HANA landscape. it can be used in multiple scenarios and deployed in several ways. User Provisioning SAP HANA supports user provisioning with authentication. In its current form. potentially.
SAP HANA is being set up as a stand-alone system in the landscape. Technically. 99% of the time the system took to generate that list came from simply retrieving the records off the diskbased database. Watch Hilti’s SAP HANA story here. It required no changes to the algorithm. load it into a buffer table in the SAP application server. For both transactions and reports. Again. data modeling. but the deficiencies of the “old” database world made them “unfixable. and then run the report or transaction again to reflect the changes. Once the data were conveyed to the SAP application. The key advantage of SAP HANA for the agile data mart scenarios is that these scenarios were either completely impossible to build in a traditional database architecture or they were so cost prohibitive that companies could not justify building them. the application must request the data from the database. Budgeting and planning transactions in SAP require the system to call data from many different tables in order to run its calculations and present a result.renovates its entire portfolio of solutions to take advantage of all the horsepower in SAP HANA. this process is iterative. In fact. there is very little that needs to be done to accelerate a few problematic transactions or reports in an SAP Business Suite application. the global construction tools manufacturer. because the business problem is well known and the relevant data and source systems are easily identified. Sometimes. meaning that the user must run the report or transaction. In summary.” You can access the videos listed below to listen to a few highly satisfied customers talking enthusiastically about their agile data mart scenarios with SAP HANA. These projects are also typically completed very quickly. Eliminating System Latency: The Case of Hilti To illustrate severe system latency. the algorithm only took a few fractions of a second to calculate. and then display the results. We’ll discuss this topic that in detail in the chapter on the Accelerated SAP Business Suite. Accelerated SAP ERP Transactions and Reports You can expect to see many more “problem” transactions and reports generated at previously unimaginable speeds as SAP introduces enhancement pack updates to SAP HANA. there is a quick change in the configuration screen to redirect the transaction to read from the SAP HANA database instead of the primary database — and that’s about it. They expected the process to take several hours — as always — so they got up from their desks to do something else. Other times. In addition. run the algorithm or calculation. A salesperson used to hit “Enter” and then return three hours later to obtain the results. Hilti set up an SAP HANA system next to their production SAP ERP system and then copied the relevant tables into SAP HANA. What if it took several hours or even a day or two to run that transaction or report? Clearly. The scenarios might be straightforward. and no changes to the user interface. execute the transaction or report. the development cycles for these use cases are typically very short. sometimes in just a few weeks. let’s consider the case of Hilti. which is then connected to the source systems and displayed to a small number of users in a simple Web-based or mobile user interface. fixed-scope SAP rapid deployment solutions (RDS) to assist customers in the rapid implementation of these “accelerated” transactions and reports. involving vast amounts of data contained in multiple tables. and companies get instant value because they can now do things that were impossible before they acquired SAP HANA. To their complete surprise. SAP HANA acts as the central hub to collect data from a few SAP and non-SAP source systems and then display some fairly simple and focused analytics in a single-purpose dashboard for users. This process involves zero disruption to the existing landscape. and the results come back incredibly fast. In this scenario. This major — and unnecessary — delay was the epitome of “latency. due primarily to the slow I/O of the diskbased database underneath the system and the huge requests for data generated by these transactions and reports. then. SAP Business Suite Accelerator The second major scenario where SAP HANA is being used is to accelerate transactions and reports inside the SAP Business Suite. This use case has the advantages of (1) being completely non-disruptive to the existing landscape and (2) providing an immediate. Reports are also very data-intensive. Imagine a scenario where every time the transaction or report runs. review the results. Once the relevant tables have been replicated to the SAP HANA system. because most of these scenarios use a standard SAP BusinessObjects front end with self-service analytics or Microsoft Excel. installing SAP HANA was totally nondisruptive. SAP HANA is being used to “off load” some of the transactions or reports that typically take a long time (hours or days) to run. it takes one hour to finish (from when you press “Enter” until the results are displayed on the screen). side-by-side with the database under the SAP Business Suite applications. Hilti used to generate a list of 9 million customers from 53 million database records in its SAP ERP system in about three hours. however. Significantly. We label these systems “agile data marts” because they perform a few of the same functions as a traditional data mart — ETL. you can expect to see nearly every product that SAP provides supported natively on SAP HANA as a primary database. Additionally. however. no changes to the production database. SAP HANA is set up as a stand-alone system in the landscape. SAP has also set up special fixed-price. system latency can seriously slow down the entire company. the users didn’t even realize there had been any change to the system until they ran the report for the first time. as well as many more new “native-HANA” applications. but it is not being used as the primary database under the application. We explained earlier that certain transactions or reports inside the SAP Business Suite can be very slow. the completed report appeared on their screen before they could get out of their chairs. Nongfu Spring Medtronic SAP provides a special licensing bundle to build an agile data mart use case with SAP HANA that includes the extractors and connectors needed to obtain data from source systems and the front-end tools needed to build analytical applications on top of the data. Agile Data Mart The earliest scenarios where SAP HANA has been deployed in production are as a stand-alone data mart for a specific use case. that completes the process.” To eliminate this latency problem. Users log in as they normally do. focused solution to an urgent business analytics problem. In this scenario. the user needs to make some adjustments to the results and then save the changes back to the database. Here’s a short listing of some of the SAP ERP transactions and reports that are currently available: . The results? Hilti can now run the exact same report in about three seconds. Quite often. analytic front end — but they are very fast to set up and flexible to use. make some changes. SAP has already delivered the content for most of the truly problematic transactions and reports as part of the latest service packs for the SAP Business Suite — for free.
and make smarter decisions. customers. and dimension. You can better plan and monitor outbound delivery — and assess and optimize stock levels — with accurate information at your fingertips. You can try the solution on your own with the SAP CO-PA Accelerator TestDrive and visit the website to discover how organizations are generating significant business value with the solution. based on a complete analysis of your order history. vendor. SAP BusinessObjects Planning and Consolidation 10. Shipping Reporting Rely on real-time shipping reporting for complete stock overview analysis. vendors. Improve order fulfillment rates and accelerate key sales processes at the same time. on-the-fly analysis at any level of granularity. SAP CO-PA Accelerator SAP CO-PA Accelerator dramatically improves the speed and depth of working with massive volumes of financial data in ERP for faster and more efficient profitability cycles. The power of SAP HANA combined with SAP Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) empowers financial professionals to perform faster reporting and analyses. with instant analysis of your credit memo and billing list. SAP Solutions for Accelerated Applications SAP BusinessObjects Planning and Consolidation 10. Master Data Reporting Obtain real-time reporting on your main master data — including customer. Financial Reporting Obtain immediate insights across your business — into revenue. The application is planned to be the first enterprise performance management (EPM) application to support the SAP NetWeaver Business Warehouse component. Make the right financial decisions. powered by SAP HANA announced last year. top general ledger transaction. forecasting and consolidation processes. . budgeting.0. Powered by SAP HANA. This solution can also be implemented alongside the wider SAP BusinessObjects Enterprise Performance Management solutions portfolio to help organizations create a complete picture of their cost and profit drivers. which can be implemented individually or in any combination.0 Powered by SAP HANA The power of SAP HANA dramatically enhances unified planning. self-service access to trusted profitability information.pack updates to SAP HANA. and the movement of goods — with real-time purchasing reporting. cost and material ledger data in ERP as well as easy exploration of trusted and detailed data. accounts payable and receivable. open and overdue items. accelerate period-end closing. Here’s a short listing of some of the SAP ERP transactions and reports that are currently available: Sales Reporting Quickly identify top customers and products by channel — with real-time sales reporting. armed with real-time information. Purchasing Reporting Gain timely insights into purchase orders. finance teams can run cost allocations at significantly faster processing time and be empowered with easy. SAP intends to allow customers running the application that have invested in SAP HANA to leverage the power of inmemory computing technology to boost performance by accelerating planning and consolidation processing. and days sales outstanding (DSO). version for SAP NetWeaver aims to increase agility by helping enterprises harness big data to plan better and act faster with better insight into all relevant information and rapid write-back. The solution helps finance departments to perform real-time profitability reporting on large scale data volumes and to conduct instant. SAP Finance and Controlling Accelerator SAP Finance and Controlling Accelerator supports finance departments with instant access to vast amounts of ledger. The solution offers four implementation scenarios — Financial Accounting — Controlling — Material Ledger — and Production Cost Analysis. Make better purchasing decisions. Furthermore. aggregation. and material lists — for improved productivity and accuracy.
behaviors and preferences — targeting the precise audience with the right offers across every customer segments. As a result. The power of SAP HANA combined with SAP Customer Relationship Management (CRM) empowers marketers to maximize profits with highly tailored campaigns. They can react more quickly to changing sales conditions with real-time information. dramatically reduce the cost of marketing by targeting more easily high margin customers. and react quicker to optimize campaigns and tactics. You can view a demonstration of the solution and discover how organizations like yours are generating significant business value by visiting this website.SAP Sales Pipeline Analysis With SAP Sales Pipeline Analysis powered by SAP HANA. best-run businesses can unlock hidden revenue opportunities as well as significantly increase profits and sales effectiveness. . SAP Customer Segmentation Accelerator The SAP Customer Segmentation Accelerator helps marketing departments build highly specific segmentations on high volumes of customer data and at unparalleled speed. and accelerate deals through the pipeline with powerful and user-driven analytics. Marketers can now work with large amounts of granular data to better understand customer demands. Sales managers can now leverage the power of SAP HANA combined with SAP Customer Relationship Management (CRM) for complete and instant visibility of accurate and consolidated pipeline data. sales departments can get real-time insight into massive volumes of pipeline data in CRM while performing on the fly calculations and in-depth analysis on any business dimension. tactics and channels.
You can target the precise audience with the right offers across customer segments. SAP Rapid Deployment solutions leverage an innovative delivery model to accelerate the implementation times and lower risk. accelerators developed uniquely for each offering. companies replace the entire database under their SAP BW 7. Here are a few of the SAP Rapid Deployment Solutions that are available to enable the accelerated SAP applications: SAP ERP rapid-deployment solution for accelerated finance and controlling with SAP HANA Gain access to large volumes of secure and detailed data from cost and material ledgers — quickly and easily. analyses. They simply swap out whatever disk-based database their system is currently running on with SAP HANA — in just a few weeks. You can view a demonstration of the solution here.testdrivesap. essentially making it impossible for the application to “see” anything in the database other than bare tables. these solutions provide a platform designed to evolve and extend as the customer’s business grows. We’ll go into much more detail on the applications and RDS packages in the Accelerated SAP Business Suite chapter. Most of these renovations were necessary to more closely tie the SAP BW application to the SAP HANA database. best practices. In this scenario. Rely on in-memory technology to process high volumes of data quickly. Implementation is supported by a standardized methodology. You can also try out a few of the current accelerated applications running LIVE: http://hanauseast. SAP Rapid Deployment Solutions are available through SAP as well as SAP partners by traditional licensing or subscription pricing. on-the-fly analysis — for more profitable decision making across your enterprise. SAP offers a specific licensing bundle to utilize SAP HANA for this use case that includes additional replication tools needed for the connections to the SAP source system. tactics. Our ERP profitability analysis solution with SAP HANA can help you perform real-time reporting and conduct instant.SAP HANA Rapid Deployment Solutions A great majority of these solutions powered by SAP HANA can be deployed as rapid-deployment solutions in order to ensure a quick time to value. you can improve decision making through accelerated reporting. and get ready to transform decision-making business-wide. and period-end closings.7 Recall from our earlier discussion of early SAP in-memory projects that SAP BW was the first SAP application that was renovated and updated to natively run on SAP HANA as its primary run-time database. SAP ERP rapid-deployment solution for operational reporting with SAP HANA Quickly and affordably generate insightful reports from sales to shipping — in real time — using our operational reporting solution with SAP HANA.3 system with SAP HANA. SAP rapid-deployment solution for customer segmentation with SAP HANA SAP HANA combined with SAP Customer Relationship Management (CRM) can help you analyze and segment massive amounts of customer data in real time. meeting typical business requirements to address the customer’s immediate needs. the SAP BW application .com/copa. SAP rapid-deployment solution for sales pipeline analysis with SAP HANA Gain instant insight into massive volumes of sales pipeline data while performing on-the-fly calculations and in-depth analysis on any business dimension. A good example is the SAP ERP rapid-deployment solution for operational reporting with SAP HANA that can help you quickly generate insightful reports — from sales to financials to shipping — on high volumes of ERP data. and services ensuring maximum predictability with fixed cost and scope editions. Once the abstraction layer is removed. Even as customers benefit from prebuilt functionality. and predefined best practices. A second example is SAP rapid-deployment solution for sales pipeline analysis with SAP HANA that helps you to analyze massive amounts of pipeline data in CRM. The rapid deployment solutions streamline the implementation process bringing together software. SAP NetWeaver Business Warehouse Powered by SAP HANA Possibly the “killer” use case for SAP HANA in 2012 is SAP BW 7. transparency of price and scope eliminate project risks for companies. and channels. SAP BW is separated from the database by an abstraction layer.3 on SAP HANA. In a disk-based architecture. By running SAP HANA. SAP ERP rapid-deployment solution for profitability analysis with SAP HANA Analyze massive amounts of profitability data in enterprise resource planning (ERP) (CO-PA) faster than ever before.
The performance limitations of traditional databases and processing power have often led organizations to compromise on how to deploy business processes on their enterprise platforms. It offers prebuilt data models. SAP-built Applications for SAP HANA SAP is delivering a new class of solutions on top of the SAP HANA platform that provide real-time insights on big data and state-of-the-art analysis capabilities. Have a look at the end-to-end migration guide for a great overview of the SAP BW database migration process. All of the SAP HANA-specific enhancements were bundled into the SPS05 update. Spain. without the need for any side-car accelerators or crazy multilayered third-party architectures. SAP is seeing similar results with the other customers in the ramp-up project. every activity — not just queries — is executed orders of magnitude faster. Now.3 version of SAP BW in general availability in early 2011 and then released the SAP HANA-enabled version into general availability in April 2012. With SAP HANA. users can realize an unbelievable amount of value not only by renovating existing applications (SAP and non-SAP) to run natively on SAP HANA. and even inventing new data-driven business models and processes that were simply not possible with disk-based databases. Foursquare). and the database migration can be performed without any changes to the SAP BW application. The whole effort was incredibly non-disruptive.). Red Bull was the first live customer of SAP BW on SAP HANA.cannot only “see” everything in the database. SAP has also set up a special migration fund to provide professional services credits to migrate to SAP BW on SAP HANA. building type. We’ll consider them in greater detail in the SAP HANA Applications chapter. SAP BW now generates turbo-charged query responses natively. Because the entire database under the SAP BW system physically sits in memory. Basically. If the speed and simplification that were achieved by porting SAP BW are any indication. Consult your SAP account executive for the details. All of the changes on the SAP BW side are delivered “under the hood” in the service pack. key performance indicators (KPIs). SAP released the 7. These innovative solutions can empower organizations to transform the way they run their businesses by making smarter and faster decisions. You should also read a great blog post by John Appleby. unlocking new opportunities. utility companies can: Instantly aggregate time of use blocks and total consumption profiles to analyze their customers’ energy usage by what neighborhood they are in. Below are a few examples of native-SAP HANA applications. SAP HANA as an Application Development Platform Probably the most wide-open innovation opportunity for SAP HANA is as an application platform. The speed and flexibility acquired by replacing the old database with SAP HANA reflect two fundamental benefits of keeping the entire database in memory: (1) This architecture eliminates the need to send huge amounts of data between application and DB servers. from both a user perspective and an administration perspective. running SAP BW on SAP HANA completely eliminates nearly every one of the nasty things that historically slowed down the system. interactive reports and more than 70 KPIs and inventory management to provide retailers with the ability to identify critical stock and margin issues through close inventory alignment. Custom apps built by companies for internal use. but the entire database is designed around the needs of that specific application. SAP Smart Meter Analytics SAP Smart Meter Analytics is a “native-HANA” application that was designed for utility companies facing an exponential increase in data volume driven by their deployment of smart meters. once developers considered the possibilities of combining the new capabilities of the device and writing native applications for the iPhone/iPod Touch (Angry Birds. There are three basic types of applications being built on SAP HANA today: New apps built by SAP. This new application enables utility companies to turn massive volumes of smart meter data into powerful insights and transform how they engage customers and run their businesses. role-specific dashboards and customized reports to provide retailers with a deeper understanding of all factors influencing the merchandising life cycle. inventory and promotions systems. SAP BusinessObjects Sales Analysis for Retail aims at providing the integration needed for improved scalability and performance for retailers operating in separate sales. We’ll explore all of the technical enhancements in the SAP BW on SAP HANA chapter. a consultant who performed one of the first SAP BW on SAP HANA migrations. With SAP Smart Meter Analytics. which is not possible with traditional database technology. New and renovated apps built by partners such as independent software vendors (ISVs) and systems integrators (SIs). etc. but by also building entirely new applications that are designed from scratch to maximize SAP HANA’s powerful capabilities. When Apple first released the App Store. However. SAP brands applications that leverage SAP HANA as a database as “Powered by SAP HANA. If you are already an SAP BW customer.” Partners whose applications have been certified by SAP can also add the “Powered by SAP HANA” brand to their solution name. This opens up a whole new world of possibilities for SAP customers. responding more quickly to events. most of the first apps available were “mobile-ized” versions of desktop or Web apps (email. browser. The new service provides Point-of-Sale (POS) analysis allow retailers to assess performance and generate quick responses through the use of prebuilt dashboards.3 could install the service pack and migrate to SAP HANA in a matter of days (seriously). and customers who had already upgraded to 7. and by any other dimension and at any level of granularity Segment customers with precision based on energy consumption patterns that are automatically generated by identifying customers that have similar energy usage behavior . This is where SAP sees a clear parallel to the Apple App Store evolution. SAP BusinessObjects Sales Analysis for Retail powered by SAP HANA This solution provides retailers with real-time access to critical information and allows nearly real-time interactive analysis. the size of their homes or businesses. the company offers several options for license credits based on previous SAP BW and BWA licensing. SAP offers a specific “run-time only” license option to utilize SAP HANA as the primary persistence layer for SAP BW. these organizations can choose to liberate themselves from these constraints and optimize business processes in ways that are more natural to the way their employees actually perform their work. innovation exploded. They told the world about their amazing 10-DAY project to get up and running at the Sapphire Now 2011 conference in Madrid. and (2) it allows users to execute performance-critical operations directly on the data in the database itself. All of the customer’s content and configuration are completely unchanged.
Provide energy efficiency benchmarking based on statistical analysis so that utility companies can help their customers understand where they stand compared to their peers and how they can improve their energy efficiency Empower customers with direct access to energy usage insights via web portals and mobile devices connected to SAP Smart Meter Analytics via web services These capabilities delivered by SAP Smart Meter Analytics enable utility companies to increase adoption of service options such as demand response programs. reduce supply chain costs. and develop new tariffs and more accurate load forecasts. launch targeted energy efficiency programs. and drive revenue growth. supply chain. improve fraud detection capabilities. The solution enables: Planning and real-time analysis with a unified model of demand. interactive simulation and scenario analysis. . and financial data at any level of granularity and dimension Rapid. using the full S&OP data model to support demand-supply balancing decisions Embedded. SAP Sales & Operations Planning SAP Sales & Operations Planning is a next generation planning application that is powered by SAP HANA and delivered in the cloud. context-aware social collaboration enables rapid planning and decision-making across the organization These capabilities enable companies to align demand and supply profitably.
cribs. toys. cribs. strollers and so on Track allergen related recalls Share relevant recalls with others Read and monitor recalls from all relevant US government agencies: CPSC. Recalls Plus Recalls Plus is SAP’s first consumer mobile app that enables parents to proactively monitor recalls of their kids’ strollers. Features of the app include: Search recall history by brand or category Create a personal watch list of items like car seats. powered by SAP HANA.apple. NHTSA.SAP Supplier InfoNet SAP Supplier InfoNet is a cloud-based solution.com/recallsplus . that enables companies to: Minimize supply chain disruption by proactively monitoring and predicting real-time supply risks across a multi-tier supplier network Drive stronger supplier performance by benchmarking supplier performance for your company against others in the business network and identifying significant shifts and trends in supplier performance using leading-edge machine learning and statistical analysis Manage your supply base by aggregating and transforming supplier data to deliver instant insights into the operational health of the supply base. FDA and USDA Recalls Plus is available for free and can be accessed via an iPhone app or a Facebook app: iPhone app: http://itunes.com/us/app/recalls-plus/id499200328 Facebook app: https://apps.facebook. and other items for greater safety and peace of mind.
Partner-built Applications for SAP HANA The SAP partner ecosystem provides thousands of SAP-certified software solutions that plug into SAP’s applications to provide a variety of valueadded extensions and process enhancements. From that perspective, anything that speeds up an SAP system will also have a positive impact on any partner solutions that are integrated with that system. There are also numerous SAP partner solutions that need to “turbocharge” themselves to increase their own performance — and to keep up with the turbocharged SAP systems coming on top of SAP HANA in the future. Regardless of the programming language these partner apps are written in, they all can be ported over to SAP HANA in a fairly straightforward way. However, just as SAP is renovating its existing applications, partners too can approach re-platforming as an opportunity to rethink some of the design parameters that they employed in the original solution design and to rebuild their apps to take advantage of SAP HANA’s many benefits natively. Oversight Systems is one of the first ISVs to renovate their SAP-certified solution along these lines. Oversight Systems provides solutions that continuously monitor user activities — in real-time — inside SAP systems to detect policy violations and potentially fraudulent transactions, such as travel and expenses, accounting and reporting, and HR and payroll. Their solution conducts complex, on-the-fly calculations that demand a great deal of I/O performance from databases. Therefore, the addition of SAP HANA underneath their solution makes perfect sense. Custom Applications for SAP HANA As stated earlier, SAP HANA is a full-blown, do-just-about-anything-you-want application platform. It speaks pure SQL and it includes all of the most common APIs, so you can literally write any type of application you want on top of it. There are a few rules and “guide rails” that are designed to keep things from going wrong, but the sky truly is the limit when it comes to imagining what to build with SAP HANA. Although SAP HANA is valuable for all types of activities, it “shines” particularly well in a few unique situations. For example, if you’re building an enterprise-scale application for a business scenario that (1) needs to search or aggregate huge volumes of data, (2) requires detailed/granular data analysis and/or complex algorithmic or statistical calculations, or (3) suffers from latency between transactional recording and reporting, then SAP HANA is a great choice. That’s not to say that SAP HANA can’t run your “standard” applications — it certainly can do that (really fast). Nevertheless, the most exciting use cases SAP is seeing for SAP HANA as the foundation of custom apps are situations where a company has an urgent business need that is literally impossible to automate today due to the limitations of traditional databases or the lack of a supercomputer. If you’re a business owner who has a killer idea that fits the above description, then SAP HANA could be the solution that makes the impossible, possible. This is where the “Angry Birds” analogy really starts to make sense. Once the SAP ecosystem of ISVs, SAP partners, and SAP customers starts to unleash their innovation on top of SAP HANA, there literally is no limit to the amazing and game-changing applications they can build. It is incredibly important for SAP to renovate its portfolio and build amazing new applications to exploit the vast potential of SAP HANA. It is even more important, however, for the SAP ecosystem to do this, because there are millions of unrealized business ideas in their companies that SAP HANA can bring to life.
SAP HANA Roadmap
The future roadmap for SAP HANA is actually very simple: Continue to make SAP HANA faster, better, cheaper — plus BIGGER and BROADER. Moore’s law doesn’t look as though it’s going to be slowing down anytime soon. It is likely, then, that we’re only a few years away from having more than 1000 cores and 10TB of RAM on a single “medium” SAP HANA server. With that much processing power and high-speed RAM available, there really are no limits to how fast SAP can speed up its own apps and literally any other app on the planet. SAP will continue co-innovating with Intel and other hardware partners to ensure that SAP HANA is continuously updated and optimized to take advantage of the latest and greatest technology
advances to become even faster than it is today. Although the speed boost generated by the hardware is exciting, it is only half of the equation. Renovating applications to take advantage of the ever-increasing horsepower is also critical. There’s a great deal of value that can be achieved by doing things “better” in the applications. Renovating and re-imagining how applications work and how they deal with data in the “no constraints” paradigm represents a fundamental philosophical shift for application developers. There are enormous opportunities to streamline, optimize, and simplify application architectures by adding SAP HANA as the database engine underneath them. SAP will invest an enormous amount of resources to extend SAP HANA’s capabilities as an application platform for both its own applications and non-SAP applications. This investment will result in an increasingly rich and robust set of developer tools to renovate and re-imagine any application and to build amazing new applications. This opportunity for optimization and simplification not only makes things even faster than just the hardware speed boost, it also results in significantly lower TCO for companies. SAP HANA can have a massive impact on reducing TCO and improving business value. “Cheaper” isn’t achieved only through industry-standard processors, RAM, and servers. Cheaper is a holistic mindset that starts from application design and then progresses through user efficiency all the way to administration and operations. SAP will continue to invest heavily in many areas to make SAP HANA the cheapest and most efficient database to operate in production environments. These efforts include innovating in new landscape configurations such as native cloud deployments of SAP HANA. Significantly, however, SAP isn’t satisfied to “only” be the fastest, best, and cheapest database on the planet. SAP’s goals also include enabling the BIGGEST data scenarios by offering integrated solutions with Sybase “Big Data” products and open-source projects like Hadoop. In addition, with a robust ecosystem of ISVs, system integrators, and SAP customers building their innovative applications on SAP HANA, SAP intends to become the BROADEST database platform for new applications. Just as Apple provided the platform for App Store developers, SAP will provide SAP HANA as a platform for thousands of amazing new enterprise applications for the ecosystem. SAP customers need to understand that SAP HANA not only is the engine that powers the current generation of SAP applications, but it will be the growth engine for all kinds of amazing NEW SAP apps. Over the next few years, SAP HANA will become the primary database for EVERY enterprise application in the SAP portfolio. That’s true for standard, on-premise applications like the SAP Business Suite; SME solutions like SAP Business One, SAP Business ByDesign, and SAP All-in-One; and the emerging portfolio of cloud/on-demand solutions. In poker terms, SAP is going “all in” with SAP HANA. SAP has made a passionate commitment to innovate for the future of its ecosystem, and the benefits of this shift for SAP’s customers and partners are too overwhelming for the company to do anything less. SAP HANA will be the heart and soul of SAP’s “real-time” design philosophy to renovate all existing applications and build amazing new applications. The renovation work is moving very quickly inside SAP, so much so that it has surpassed even the most optimistic timelines. The SAP BW renovation and porting to SAP HANA was the first major step towards a completely renovated SAP Business Suite. The next major step will be for SAP to complete the renovation and porting of its flagship application, SAP ERP, to run natively on SAP HANA. The remaining applications in the SAP Business Suite — SAP CRM, SAP SCM, SAP PLM, and SAP SRM — should follow shortly after that. In parallel, SAP is adding SAP HANA to all of the other applications in the portfolio, and it will release them as they come on line. Renovating these applications involves much more than simply replacing the database. Over the years, SAP has had to make many adjustments in its application layer to avoid the I/O bottleneck associated with the database. Unfortunately, these “database avoidance techniques” have resulted in extensive “plaque” buildup inside the applications, in the forms of redundant code, tedious data aggregations and transformations, replication of data, and so on. These problems were “necessary evils” to work around the constraints of the disk-based architecture. In an SAP HANA world, however, they’re completely unnecessary and therefore need to be removed from the system. Obviously, SAP’s renovation efforts will involve a great deal of streamlining and cleanup. At the same time, however, this renovation also represents a golden opportunity for SAP’s engineers to reimagine all of the things that these applications do from the perspective of living in a world with no constraints. These experts can question their original assumptions, invent better ways of doing things, remove latency from the processes, and program their applications to perform calculations more efficiently deep inside the database. All of these developments will lead to lower TCO and more flexibility for customers, which in turn will make their investment in SAP much more valuable. This exercise is also having an amazing effect on the SAP culture. Going back into the code of all of their apps with a fresh eye and ambitious dreams free from constraints has rekindled a firestorm of innovation within the SAP development group. The coffee corners in SAP labs around the world are literally buzzing with new ideas and passionate discussions. In fact, you can often see code samples from these discussions written on the windows because the participants ran out of whiteboard space (as in the movie “A Beautiful Mind”). This is the “intellectual renewal” that SAP executives have been talking about, and it is having a monumental impact on the speed and volume of innovation coming from SAP. SAP HANA has literally awakened a sleeping giant of innovation inside SAP. Moreover, this enthusiasm appears to be contagious: People are witnessing the same type of awakening throughout the SAP ecosystem.
In the long run, once the entire SAP portfolio has been “HANA-fied,”8 SAP will be able to deliver a vastly simplified landscape for its customers. By merging OLAP and OLTP into a single SAP HANA instance, SAP can provide a massive reduction in layers and TCO in the landscape while at the same time providing much more flexibility and business value through real-time access to all of the relevant data. It will take SAP several years to engineer and deliver this vision to its customers. If the past five years of in-memory (r)evolution at SAP are an indication, however, the next five years of this journey will be extraordinarily fast and exciting.
1 Markides, C. (2002). Strategic Innovation. In: E. B. Roberts (Ed.). Innovation. Driving Product, Process, and Market Change. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.
2 Woods, D. and Word, J. (2004), SAP NetWeaver for Dummies, Wiley Publishing Inc., Indianapolis, IA.
3 With the SAP HANA RDS migration package customers can migrate in ~7 weeks, if they are already on BW 7.3 SP7, with Unicode, and 7.x data flows and authorizations.
4 Magal, S. and Word, J. (2011), Integrated Business Processes with ERP Systems, John Wiley & Sons. Hoboken, NJ
5 People always ask “if all the data is in volatile storage like RAM, what happens if the power goes out?” We’ll talk about that in more detail later, but basically, SAP HANA has some very sophisticated backup tools to prevent data loss from disasters.
6 Plattner, H & Zeier, A. (2011). In-memory data management: an inflection point for enterprise applications. Springer.
7 The SAP HANA RDS for database migration takes ~7 weeks for most customers who are already running SAP BW 7.3.
8 Meaning “Powered by SAP HANA” and renovated to natively take advantage of SAP HANA.
Chapter 2 SAP HANA Architecture COMING FALL OF 2012 .
Chapter 3 SAP HANA Business Cases & ROI Model COMING FALL OF 2012 .
Chapter 4 SAP HANA Applications COMING FALL OF 2012 .
Chapter 5 SAP NetWeaver Business Warehouse on SAP COMING FALL OF 2012 .
Chapter 6 Data Provisioning with SAP HANA COMING FALL OF 2012 .
Chapter 7 Data Modeling with SAP HANA COMING FALL OF 2012 .
Chapter 8 Application Development with SAP HANA COMING FALL OF 2012 .
Chapter 9 SAP HANA Administration & Operations COMING FALL OF 2012 .
After SAP R/3 was released. In addition to selecting a single OS. SAP laid out its strategy for the shift to in-memory computing to Intel’s executives. Moreover. This made sense because many companies were employing existing landscapes from a preferred hardware vendor and had developed expertise in certain versions of operating system and database that they wanted to leverage for their SAP environment. the Product Availability Matrix (PAM) for SAP ERP exceeded 200 combinations of OS and database. etc). however. Although there were many chips on the market that could handle SAP’s traditional application-processing requirements. the UNIX platform began to splinter into multiple dialects. memory. when SAP began development on the precursors of SAP HANA. and Intel has a long history of innovating for the future needs of the enterprise. building out a robust certification laboratory in its headquarters to constantly test and validate new hardware and software combinations that were being released by its partners for customer use. By supporting only ONE combination of OS and processors. SAP implemented this new policy to still provide customers with multiple choices in hardware platforms while avoiding the TCO implications of multiple OS and processor support combinations. SAP could invest all its development and testing resources into a single platform while still allowing customers to choose which hardware vendor would deliver and support the appliance. departure from SAP’s of platform support. we need to look back historically at some of the hardware platform changes that led SAP to adopt this policy this strategy and explore why this path offers SAP customers the best balance of broad hardware partner options and focused innovation around a stable set of key components. and the two parties discussed the level of co-innovation that would be needed to jointly engineer both an in-memory database and optimized processors that could handle the unique needs of this new architecture. SAP believed that providing customers with such a broad choice would help them achieve lower TCO of their SAP solutions by reusing technology and resources that were already in place. So. When SAP shifted from mainframe to client-server architecture with SAP R/3. In order to understand why. Because Linux is so technically similar to UNIX. In addition. x86 platforms from Intel and AMD began to displace the RISC-based platforms of the early UNIX hardware vendors due to their lower costs and their support for industry standards. SAP happily obliged. SAP also felt that being hardware and OS/DB “agnostic” would be the best strategy to set itself apart from the other enterprise app vendors. two of the critical benefits were the lower costs and the more standardized options associated with the UNIX-based servers that had just become available. customers began asking SAP to certify more and more new combinations of operating system and database on various hardware platforms. The initial SAP HANA conversations that SAP’s executives held with anyone outside the company were with Intel because SAP realized that shifting to in-memory computing would require a new breed of processors that were optimized for the new architecture. At the time. RAM. because Linux was opensource and easily supported by third parties. The . Solaris. Later. system. Soon. almost any UNIX engineer could transition his or her skills easily. with each hardware vendor putting its efforts behind its preferred variant (HPUX. the company made a strategic decision to avoid all of the costs and complexity of supporting so many variations of hardware and technology platforms. Linux began to displace the original UNIX operating systems due to its lower costs and the advantages of open-source code. with a vast number of hardware platforms for those combinations. SAP had been working with Novell/SUSE for many years to support Novell SLES Linux as a certified operating system for SAP applications. At a certain point in the mid-2000s. Customers no longer benefited significantly from such a broad list of hardware and technology choices. SAP decided to bet on open-source and industry standards as the core platform for SAP HANA. there weren’t any processors that had been designed to handle inmemory processing tasks (because enterprise-scale in-memory computing didn’t exist yet). and processors. and the costs for SAP and its customers of this broad coverage were becoming unsustainable.Chapter 10 SAP HANA Hardware Overview SAP solution been built to be specifically optimized very SAP HANA is the firstand operating that has This approach represents arun as an appliance andlong historyfor abroad specific combination of processor. This “technology-neutral” strategy worked very well for SAP for more than 30 years. choice became a liability for SAP and its customers rather than the benefit that it was originally intended to be. the small number of combinations that SAP began with had exploded into a truly dizzying collection. SAP was primarily concerned with the three pieces of technology that had the greatest impact on performance and would be the largest drivers of TCO reduction: operating system (OS). SAP had to settle on a single processor family for the new solution. it was clearly the lowest TCO option for running an SAP system. AIX. At a certain point. When the mass-adoption of SAP R/3 took off.
customer solutions achieve performance. and a large proportion of new SAP implementations are now deployed on Intel® platforms. and HP all jumped on the SAP HANA bandwagon and had their flagship Intel-based servers certified and in production. and Intel has incorporated SAP’s unique in-memory processing requirements into its chip capabilities. researchers from Intel and SAP continually explore and drive the future of b usiness computing As a result of these efforts. Fujitsu. Intel engineers located on-site at SAP work with their SAP counterparts to provide tuning expertise that enab les SAP HANA and other software solutions to take advantage of the latest hardware features. Intel and SAP: A History of Co-Innovation For more than 10 years. Intel and SAP decision makers identify complementary features and capab ilities in their upcoming products. The relationship b etween Intel and SAP has b ecome even stronger over the years. This broad support from industry-leading hardware vendors provides customers with a choice of seven hardware partners to deploy their SAP HANA solution. Hitachi joined the list later that year. Cisco. and energy efficiency that translate into favorab le ROI and TCO. Intel and SAP have worked together to deliver industry-leading performance of SAP solutions on Intel ® architecture. RAM. Samsung RAM is currently the primary memory used by all of the hardware partners. SAP HANA Product Availability Matrix (PAM) The latest and most accurate PAM can always be downloaded from the SAP Service Marketplace.be needed to jointly engineer both an in-memory database and optimized processors that could handle the unique needs of this new architecture. the hardware vendors provide a great deal of additional value in the implementation. Some of the most visib le: Joint roadmap enab lement. pre-installed appliance that is delivered directly from the hardware partner. and continuous early access to next-generation technologies from all of its partners. and performance of the certified systems through a rigorous process of end-to-end quality testing. for increased b usiness value. and processors) for SAP HANA. Collab orative product optimization. and Intel E7 processors are the only supported chips. they engaged seven of their primary hardware vendors (see the next paragraph) to build certified SAP HANA appliances and create packaged services to implement SAP HANA quickly and easily at customer sites. which is delivered on the Intel® Xeon ® processor. and those insights help to direct the development cycle for maximum value. and NEC was certified in early 2012. Early in the design process. customers typically have a preferred hardware vendor for their enterprise landscapes. Here is the May 2012 SAP HANA PAM. So. each with unique service and support offerings to fit their customers’ needs. SAP realized that even though the core components of the SAP HANA servers would be nearly identical (OS. Since that time. availability. . Dell. The latest success from that tradition of co-innovation is availab le to customers of all sizes in SAP HANA. SUSE Linux SLES 11 is the only supported operating system. SAP ensures the quality. management and operations of the hardware. Plus. Having created an optimized “core” (operating system. RAM. SAP has benefitted from early access to each new generation of Xeon processor from Intel. IBM. SAP needed to reach out to the server manufacturers to package the software and hardware into industry-standard appliances in a way that would remove as much configuration and integration work from the customers as possible (again. performance testing. Comb ined research efforts. Intel sent a team of their best software and chip engineers to SAP HQ to begin the work of jointly optimizing each successive version of the industry-standard Intel Xeon chips for the needs of SAP’s evolving in-memory database.” multivendor hardware support for SAP HANA has been received extremely well by customers because it eliminates the confusing number of hardware combinations and focuses on the value-added solutions that each vendor can offer on top of the “solid core. growing to include a b road set of collab orations and initiatives. reliab ility. SAP’s strategy of “solid core. Most partner systems use on-board 15k RPM hard disks (4x ratio for main memory) for data-volume backup and Fusion I/O SSD cards (1:1 ratio for main memory) for log-volume backup. lowering TCO). Together. and processors). In early 2011. This is really where SAP felt that customer choice would have the most value. The top executives from each company agreed that the they would have to establish a new level of co-innovation partnership and starting in 2005.” General SAP HANA Hardware Specifications SAP HANA is sold as a pre-configured. scalab ility.
rather. and you immediately enjoy an exponential increase in performance. you can string together multiple physical servers into a single logical database instance and achieve linear performance results for every additional server added to the landscape. To put that in context. SAP HANA’s compression algorithms were able to achieve 20x compression on the raw data when loading into memory. running at 2. The total cost of the 16 node system was roughly USD$640K. Multi-Node and Scale-Out Options SAP HANA is a linearly scalable database. SAP HANA has certified a 16-node scale-out for production environments and is currently testing a 60 node scale-out landscape.8TB in memory. it is determined by the server vendor. Currently. the closest competitive database is roughly 1000x slower in the same benchmark and several times more expensive. in addition to the additional memory.40 GHz. The data set consisted of five years of Sales and Distribution Records (100 Billion records) and was run on a single logical server consisting of 16 nodes.Additional Infrastructure SAP recommends that customers deploy 10 gb network data connections. Each node was a certified IBM X5 machine with eight Intel E7-8870 processors with 10 cores. Refer to the SAP HANA hardware partner section of this chapter for more information on the various scale-out offerings from the individual partners. SAP has no preference on external storage/SAN. indexing or caching were needed to achieve these results. meaning. SAP recently (April 2012) completed its first internal benchmark for the 16 node scale out solution. Literally. SAP HANA was able to scan 100 Billion rows/Sec on the 100 TB dataset and was able to load 16 million records/min. . Typical query results were: BW Workload: 300ms – 500ms Ad-Hoc Analytics: 800ms – 2s No database tuning. going from 100TB on disk to 3. you just add another node/server to the landscape.
Protecting against data loss due to disk failures requires backups.High Availability SAP HANA supports cold standby hosts. The log is saved from memory to SSD after each committed database transaction. These backups are performed while the database is running. After a power failure. data are automatically saved from memory to disk at regular save-points. they do not help if the persistent storage itself is damaged. The impact of the backups on system performance is negligible. Significantly. and others as standby hosts. you can group together multiple servers to create a dedicated standby host for each group. Alternatively. Additionally. all data changes are recorded in the log. you can assign multiple standby hosts to each group. During normal database operations. meaning a standby host is kept ready in the event that a failover situation occurs during production operation. In a distributed system. All of the database processes run on the standby host. but they are idle and do not enable SQL connections. so users can continue to work normally. Disaster Recovery The SAP HANA database holds the bulk of its data in memory to ensure optimal performance. Although save-points and log writing protect your data against power failures. but it still uses persistent storage to provide a fallback in case of failure. A standby host is not used for database processing. . Backups save the contents of the data and log areas to different locations. some of the servers are designated as worker hosts. and it returns to its last consistent state by replaying the log since the last save-point. the database can be restarted in the same way as a disk-based database.
which is fully supported only on the Intel Xeon® processor E7 family.If the SAP HANA system detects a failover situation. You can also model “what if” scenarios to structure sales and promotions for optimal outcomes based on the latest sales and pipeline information. Data and logs are stored on shared storage. The failed volume and all the included tables are reassigned and loaded into memory in accordance with the failover strategy defined for the system. The relationship between Intel and SAP has become even stronger over the years. Collaborative product optimization. where every server has access to the same disks. the work of the services on the failed server is reassigned to the services running on the standby host. support. the value of which depends on the ability to distill it into actionable intelligence. The entire process of failover detection and loading may take several minutes to complete. Together. for increased business value. reliability. because all the persistency of the servers is stored on a shared disk. Some of the most visible include the following: Joint roadmap enablement. and quad-channel integrated memory controllers deliver extraordinary capabilities for businesses of all sizes that implement SAP HANA for functionality such as business intelligence and data analytics. and energy efficiency that translate into favorable ROI and TCO. the system waits for a few seconds to determine whether the service can be restarted. Before a failover is performed. This reassignment can be performed without moving any data. Features of the Intel Xeon processor E7 family such as 30MB of L3 cache. and those insights help to direct the development cycle for maximum value. the status is displayed as ”Waiting. Intel engineers located on-site at SAP work with their SAP counterparts to provide tuning expertise that enables SAP HANA and other software solutions to take advantage of the latest hardware features.” This procedure can take up to a minute. growing to include a broad set of collaborations and initiatives. customer solutions achieve performance. Scenarios such as monitoring customer and supplier activity can generate petabytes of data. We encourage you to speak directly to the hardware partners for more details about their products and services for SAP HANA. The latest success from that tradition of co-innovation is available to customers of all sizes in the SAP HANA. and operations. Intel and SAP have worked together to deliver industry-leading performance of SAP solutions on Intel architecture. Intel and SAP decision-makers identify complementary features and capabilities in their upcoming products. As a result of these efforts. During this time. SAP HANA and the Intel Xeon® processor E7 family deliver rapid data analysis that discerns patterns and trends so you can adjust your just-in-time supply chain rapidly. Combined research efforts. Operational Success and Management of Real-Time Events In-memory computing based on SAP solutions on the Intel Xeon® processor E7 family enables greater business agility and innovative usage models that let companies respond to changing conditions in real time. . and a large proportion of new SAP implementations are now deployed on Intel platforms. Links: Intel Cisco Dell Fujitsu Hitachi HP IBM NEC Intel & SAP: Co-innovation for Real-Time Computing For more than 10 years. SAP Hardware Partner Details In the remaining section of this chapter. Intel® QuickPath Interconnects. each Certified SAP HANA hardware partner was given the opportunity to briefly describe their SAP HANA offering and discuss their value-added services for SAP HANA implementation. scalability. researchers from Intel and SAP continually explore and drive the future of business computing. Early in the design process.
manage. model-based management to simplify and speed deployment of enterprise-class applications and services. which define the model. it is simple to provision servers by applying a desired configuration to physical infrastructure. Streaming SIMD Extensions. self-integrating information technology that reduces staff costs and increases uptime through automation. . high-performance. so processor headroom is available to generate excellent throughput and responsiveness. The result is flexible. and automatically. It eliminates both blade server and hypervisor-based switches by connecting fabric interconnect ports directly to individual blade servers and virtual machines. and eliminating a major source of errors that can cause downtime. availability. Those features eliminate many I/O bottlenecks. reducing capital and operating costs while increasing business agility. The model-based management applies personality and configures server. All rights reserved. and maintain by condensing three network layers into one. Hardware based on the Intel Xeon® processor E7 family enables SAP HANA to fail over from one processor socket to another in the event of a processor failure and to handle memory errors with as little impact to workloads as possible. Cisco Systems SAP HANA Solutions As part of the “Unified Appliance Environment”. for mission-critical implementations. and serviceability) features of the Intel Xeon processor E7family. the largest currently supported by SAP. Cisco has developed a full portfolio of SAP HANA appliances based on Cisco Unified Computing System™ (Cisco UCS™) spanning from the smallest T-shirt sizing. providing a more rapid return on investment. As a result of the high level of performance optimization for servers based on the Intel Xeon processor E7 family. The Cisco Fabric Extender Architecture reduces the number of system components to purchase. The excellent performance combined with the broad range of usable memory make the Cisco UCS SAP Appliances an excellent. Cisco UCS helps organizations go beyond efficiency: it helps them become more effective through technologies that breed simplicity rather than complexity. but with massive scalability. these notifications enable the system to take corrective action that allows SAP HANA to keep running where an outage would otherwise occur. All Cisco UCS SAP HANA appliances are intelligent infrastructure that can be managed through the embedded. enables the hardware platform to generate Machine Check Exceptions. staff productivity.Performance Optimizations of SAP HANA with the Intel Xeon® Processor E7 Family SAP HANA benefits dramatically from high-speed Intel® QuickPath processor-to-memory interconnects and the latest processor instructions. simplifying and speeding deployment. configure. However the Cisco technology can support up to 20 TB of usable memory. up to large scale-out solutions which can support up to 8 TB of usable memory. agile. accurately. Virtual networks are now managed exactly as physical networks are. The configuration is applied quickly. Using Cisco service profiles. This radically simplifies operations and lowers costs. SAP HANA can provide businesses of all sizes superior results for data warehousing implementations such as business intelligence and data analytics. especially error correction through Machine Check Architecture Recovery. Copyright© 2012 Intel Corporation. In many cases. a reliability. This represents a radical simplification over traditional systems. and storage connectivity resources. easy-to-manage choice for analyzing massive amounts of business data. Assured Performance with Mission-Critical Advanced Reliability of the Intel Xeon Processor E7 Family Machine Check Architecture Recovery. SAP HANA is also engineered to take particular advantage of RAS (reliability. and improving performance. and serviceability (RAS) feature built into the Intel Xeon ® processor E7 family. improving business agility. availability. Depending on the compression factors. the Cisco appliances can support databases up to 56 TB. which corresponds to uncompressed databases up to 100 TB or more. supporting as low as 64 GB memory. Cisco UCS: A Unique SAP HANA Solution Cisco UCS is a single unified system entirely programmable through unified. network. single management plane across multiple Cisco UCS rack and blade servers (Figure 1).
a large. and SAP HANA application configuration. However. and network adapters required by legacy platforms. Cisco’s SAP HANA engineers will install the appliance into the customer’s network and connect it to source system(s). The unified fabric radically reduces the number of cables. It allows customers to easily adapt to the growing demands of their individual environment by incrementally adding Cisco B440 M2 blade servers with 4 Intel® Xeon® Processors E7-4870 (2. the persistency layer is provided by an EMC VNX 5300 or a NetApp FAS 3240. data load. depending on customer preference. a Cisco UCS C200 server for SAP HANA studio. instead of days SAP HANA Installation and Support Services Cisco SAP HANA installation services includes the assembly of all necessary hardware and software required for a SAP HANA appliance. high-bandwidth 10-Gbps unified Ethernet fabric. is the core of the Cisco UCS and reduces both the number of network “hops” and network latency. worldwide manufacturer of medical devices (see customer example). and first-year maintenance for EMC or NetApp storage as required. low-latency Cisco Fabric Interconnects. The persistency layer is provided by two Fusion IO cards to avoid possible bottlenecks in duo card configurations sharing the same PCI slot.4 GHz) and up to 512 GB usable memory each. SAP HANA Support infrastructure All Cisco UCS servers are interconnected with a low-latency. and the average index read time at blade level Automating quarterly maintenance. The Cisco Fabric Interconnect. Smartnet 24x7x4 day 2 support for the Cisco hardware. high performance. including firmware updates and file system validation Ensuring configuration management assurance for all appliance components Monitoring data services availability Proactively monitoring SAP HANA subsystem components status Monitoring query execution response times using the SAP HANA index for the query execution SAP HANA Query Response Time Executing sample queries and recording total execution time and query component performance breakdown Proactively monitoring the SAP TREX services statistics based on thresholds Alerting CPU. The “basic configuration” of the Cisco scale-out offering is made up of redundant fabric interconnects with embedded infrastructure management. and one enclosure with support for up to 4 Cisco B440 blades. as needed. SAP HANA Scale-out offering The Cisco UCS solution that has been certified for large SAP HANA implementations is a uniquely scalable appliance. Cisco UCS drivers. The unified fabric supports both IP and Fibre Channel over Ethernet (FCoE) connections through redundant. and small production SAP HANA systems with uncompressed datasets up to 1. and Cisco UCS management software are all part of the appliance. with embedded management. memory. This configuration is primarily used for development. in the event of a hardware failure on a blade or rack server. inter-chassis switches. The Cisco UCS appliance incorporates a persistency layer. or throughput thresholds for SAP TREX services Automating Cisco UCS blade and rack server provisioning for use in the appliance in minutes. Implementation of solutions based on Cisco SAP HANA appliances are provided through Cisco Advanced Services and Cisco’s ecosystem of systems integrators and partners. However Cisco Intelligent Automation for SAP HANA is highly recommended. replication. Disaster recovery (DR) scenarios can be easily implemented by using service profiles to quickly provision servers at the DR site in conjunction with the “classical” replication technologies of EMC and NetApp. critical to SAP HANA performance. therefore no additional software is necessary to manage the entire system. Also included are the necessary SuSe Linux Licenses. High Availability SAP HANA Solution Cisco UCS SAP HANA appliances have redundancy designed-in providing no single point of failure. Additional software The operating system. This reduces energy consumption and operational costs resulting in much lower total cost of ownership. The Cisco Intelligent Automation software solution supports the daily operation of a SAP HANA appliance by: Monitoring the CPU and memory workload. any spare Cisco UCS server can take over the role of the failed server in minutes by simply applying the service profile to the spare server.4 GHz) and up to 256 GB of usable memory. as well as licenses. These solutions include data modeling.4 GHz) and up to 512 GB of usable memory. a Cisco 2911 for secure remote management. based on internal SSD drives that require no additional drivers tainting the Linux kernel.Cisco UCS SAP HANA Architecture SAP HANA T-Shirt Sizes Offered The Extra Small (XS) and Small (S)-size appliances are based on the Cisco C260 M2 rack mount server with 2 Intel® Xeon® Processor E7-4870 (2.75 TB. The Medium (M)-size appliance is based on the Cisco C460 M2 rack mount server with 4 Intel® Xeon® Processor E7-4870 (2. The basic configuration can easily scale by adding up to 3 extension bundles each providing an additional blade enclosure for up to 4 more Cisco B440 M2 blade servers each and the correspondent storage from EMC or NetApp. Customer Success Story ™ . test. For every four Cisco UCS blade servers. This configuration is ideal for use in mid-sized and larger production environments such as the one used by Medtronic.
end-to-end. leading-edge hardware platforms. optimized in-memory computing solution that increases availability and reduces risk. Dell EqualLogic PS storage arrays combine the industry’s highest Ethernet networking bandwidth — 10 Gigabit Ethernet (10GbE) — with increased storage capacity in less . Our newest servers provide dramatic performance and management gains for high-power computing. their ability to draw conclusions from existing data was limited. Dell’s innovative platforms dramatically increase the availability and speed of business information. consulting. BWA. and Mobility. including scalable memory and storage. Our solutions are high-performing. Large-scale enterprise consulting expertise — Dell leverages its experience delivering enterprise IT and solving “big data” issues for global companies to provide actionable and real world technology. Dell offers access to thousands of enterprise computing solutions consultants. For More Information For more information on Cisco UCS. we announced our PowerEdge 12th generation server platform and Dell EqualLogic PS storage arrays. software and services that help reduce IT costs while helping organizations transform their business.com Dell SAP HANA Solutions For more than a decade. This all-in-one solution provides for seamless and integrated implementation and management. with the SAP HANA™ platform and Cisco Unified Computing System™ (Cisco UCS™) server platform.Medtronic dramatically improved reporting performance.com/go/sap To learn more about Cisco Solutions. Enterprise customers taking advantage of Dell’s SAP HANA platform get a cost-effective. Dell offers customers a portfolio of end-to-end solutions in support of SAP HANA applications including hardware. Dell’s Unique SAP HANA Value Proposition Dell and SAP have teamed up to offer an optimally configured SAP HANA solution that includes a hardware appliance. With the fully scaled and optimized implementation now in place. the solutions help enable a business to react faster to events impacting operations today. Together.com/en/US/netsol/ns340/ns394/ns224/solutions. In preliminary testing. leading to more insightful decision-making using SAP HANA. In addition to innovative. Dell has collaborated with SAP to deliver hundreds of SAP solutions across many industries. Medtronic hopes to cut response times even further. We incorporate lessons learned and experiences into a proven enterprise solution delivery model that spans hardware. AIM integrates with SAP management consoles such as Solution Manager or Adaptive Computing Controller. Customer Benefit: BI operations at Medtronic will use the SAP HANA platform to report on structured and unstructured data. pre-loaded software and a full range of services. Comprehensive services — Dell’s portfolio of SAP full lifecycle services leverage industry best practices to deliver better business outcomes for SAP clients. database ERP and business intelligence. The added performance. hosting and application management services designed to enhance value for customer investments in SAP solutions. performance management and operations in a single system. we are continuously evolving our server.com/go/ucs For more information on Cisco UCS SAP HANA Appliances. and standards-based. BI reporting on its fast-growing data warehouse was straining the capabilities of the company’s computer infrastructure. A recipient of the distinguished SAP Pinnacle Award in the category of exceptional customer satisfaction and support. Proven methodology — Dell’s In-Memory Computing and Analytic Methodology (DIMCAM) implementation services guides customers by solving complex problems faster. strategies and solutions. such as customer feedback. In February 2012. please visit http://www. wherever it resides. Our end-to-end and all-in-one solutions give your organization full access to the power of SAP HANA. whether on SAP or nonSAP systems. an organization can quickly identify and analyze trends and patterns to improve planning. faster and more sustainable business results. The combination of Dell’s PowerEdge R910 platform and SAP HANA allows users to conduct analytics. Integrated system management — Dell’s VIS Creator and VIS Advanced Infrastructure Manager (AIM) tools simplify management of virtual and physical server. forecasting and price optimization. implementation. This solution is reliable and scalable and offered in multiple configurations to meet your specific business needs. Solution: The company deployed the SAP HANA platform on the Cisco UCS server platform based on the Intel® Xeon® processor E7 family. Dell’s end-to-end SAP HANA solution provides: Superior technology — Dell’s PowerEdge R910 is certified for SAP HANA and includes everything needed to support your SAP HANA solution. to add capacity to the SAP landscape or move applications between physical and virtual resource pools based on demand. Because employees couldn’t generate some types of reports (particularly using unstructured data). network and storage components. At Dell.cisco.cisco. World-Class Support Services — Dell’s world-class ProSupport and Mission Critical Services keep your SAP HANA solution running smoothly.html To contact Cisco for addition information on SAP on Cisco UCS please email saponcisco@cisco. application and server portfolio to meet evolving enterprise needs in the virtual era. please visit http://www. Dell can help organizations achieve better. Through this. increasing employee efficiency and enabling smarter decision making. increasing the value of its customer information. An SAP global technology partner. Dell’s Center of Excellence (CoE) is well established for SAP HANA. users of an “un-tuned” system observed query times just one-third as long as those with existing production systems. Challenge: Medtronic needed to increase its ability to analyze large amounts of data.cisco. collaboration. and flexibility of this new architecture will increase the value of company data as it continues to proliferate. scalability. please visit http://www.
. and 2 x 10Gb Optional LOM with 10 PCIe slots to consolidate inefficient workloads.space. internal dual SD modules for hypervisor redundancy. up to 1TB of DDR3 memory. Serviceability) Technology. Availability. a RAID group made up of internally held 15K RPM disks is used to maintain a copy of the data image. Dell’s SAP HANA Product The Dell PowerEdge Server R910 platform has been certified by SAP to run SAP In-Memory Appliance software (SAP HANA). including design and component quality paired with Dell Lifecycle Controller. Robust infrastructure in the form of performance resources. Processing power using the highest performing Xeon 7500 Series processors. Offering customers a powerful and flexible way to query and analyze large volumes of data with great speed. Logical component layout of the internal components aids with airflow direction. T-Shirt sizes offered Dell offers several different sizes of HANA appliances based on the Dell PowerEdge R910 platform to meet your needs. Energy-efficient system design built with Energy Smart technologies includes power management features enabling power capping. power inventory. helping to keep the server cool. and power budgeting within your specific environment. and memory scalability. making use of fast internal disks for storage and Fusion ioDrive solid state cards. four-socket server allowing large workload consolidation. While these solutions are not yet SAP HANA certified. power efficiency. I/O. Integrated diagnostics with Intel® Advanced RAS (Reliability. The SAP HANA appliance from Dell is fully contained in the PowerEdge R910 server. they show the strength of the Dell hardware portfolio and our commitment to innovation. max virtualization machine density. While Fusion ioDrive is used to maintain the system’s logs. Dell’s SAP HANA appliance provides: Performance and reliability in a scalable 4U. The Fusion ioDrive from Dell provides high IOPs and low latency performance for the in-memory SAP HANA database. Dell customers running SAP HANA on PowerEdge R910 servers can gain real-time access to information and analytics to best address rapidly evolving market environments. and scale for the SAP HANA in-memory database.
Dell has more than 1. Emergency dispatch — Onsite service technician dispatched in parallel with phone-based troubleshooting when you declare a Severity level 1 incident. Support infrastructure Dell’s SAP HANA appliance is designed to be an all-inclusive solution that comes as a pre-integrated unit with all necessary hardware. SAP HANA Executive Workshop — This workshop helps to develop the Use Case and Business justification for a SAP HANA solution and helps organizations determine whether SAP HANA is a fit for their situation. Customers are provided a responsive service and support experience with collaborative support for SAP HANA by Dell. This product provides additional system management capabilities. Additional SAP HANA services Dell offers additional SAP HANA services to assist with your implementation. Additional software needed Dell’s SAP HANA platform is an end-to-end and all-in-one solution that comes preloaded with all of the software and management tools necessary. we have over 65 instances of SAP with over 22. Additionally. Support Services Dell is an expert in SAP HANA system support. Dell offers its OpenManage Essentials software for no charge. we have over 500 SAP consultants.High Availability The Dell™ PowerEdge™ R910 is a high-performance 4-socket 4U rack server designed for reliability and scalability for mission-critical applications. memory. Lifecycle Controller and embedded diagnostics to help maximize uptime Internal Dual SD Module providing superior hypervisor redundancy Dell’s focus on reliability starts with product design and ends only when we’ve delivered a platform that meets strict testing and quality control standards. SAP. hardware and hypervisor levels Intel advanced reliability. In addition.800 ITIL-certified professionals. expert resource teams are mobilized to get you back up and running fast. and globally. SAP HANA Proof of Concept — Using Dell DIMCAM methodology and IMPROVE jump start process.000 technicians supporting more than 100 countries in 55 languages. SAP Modernization Services — Dell has developed a portfolio of Modernization Service for SAP applications that features cloud . During a CritSit incident. Customers receive 24x7x365 phone support. CritSit Procedures — Severity level 1 issues will be reviewed by Dell and may be nominated for CritSit incident coverage through Dell Global Command Centers. and networking capabilities. The result is that we have a strong systems management and support practice and an in depth understanding of SAP hardware and software solutions. and SUSE based on standard and enterprise support agreements. storage. including: A simple and effective user interface Easy installation and low touch maintenance Tools to discover. escalation management and collaborative support leveraging Dell’s global ProSupport infrastructure of more than 30. Internally. inventory and monitor Dell Servers. customers can see quickly the value that SAP HANA will bring to the decision making process. High availability features include: Built-in reliability features at the CPU. Dell’s SAP HANA appliance comes with 3 years of Dell’s award winning ProSupport Mission Critical services and a 3-year extended hardware warranty. and components in the enterprise’s network. Dell’s ProSupport Mission Critical services accelerate rapid resolution by providing quick delivery of onsite parts and or labor and providing access to Dell’s proven and reliable Critical Situation Process. Key support features: Onsite Response — 4-Hour onsite service with 6-hour hardware repair available 24x7.000 users. storage and networking switches Agent-free Management to discover and correlate IDRAC / Server and Blades / Chassis Dell offers SUSE Linux Enterprise for SAP for SAP HANA solutions. supported devices. Open Manage Essentials is a web-based hardware management application that provides a comprehensive view of Dell systems. including holidays. availability and serviceability (RAS) capabilities Redundant power supplies Remote IDRAC6 connectivity Integrated systems management.
Fujitsu is the first SAP partner worldwide to offer a certified platform for SAP Business One Analytics powered by SAP HANA. and innovative marketleading technology. They represent a TCO-optimized entry-level offering. The company’s goal is to install the Every Angle appliance and have it delivering meaningful data in under a week! Every Angle pairs the power of SAP HANA with Dell technology and with their proprietary software solution. Fujitsu. Dell Services consulting provided the expertise to accelerate Every Angle’s time to market. The Fujitsu portfolio for SAP HANA addresses the requirements of various customer segments — from specific turnkey appliances for small and midsize companies to customized solutions for large enterprises. Every Angle’s mission is to create a solution that is not only powerful and reliable bust also simple to install. has capabilities to offer managed SAP HANA to multinationals as well as local small and medium enterprises. has been recognized for its engagement and excellence in developing ingenious SAP HANA infrastructure solutions. integration and migration services as well as the services for the operation and support makes the Fujitsu offering unique. Every Angle’s current SAP performance management appliance is based on the Dell PowerEdge platform. the recipient of the 2012 SAP® Pinnacle award in the “Technology Innovator of the Year” category. which represent a unique combination of Japanesestyle innovation and German quality standards. a SAP HANA Implementation workshop can develop a deployment plan and create the Business Justification for the rest of the deployment. integrated solution including hardware. Every Angle is upgrading its offering by developing an SAP HANA-based appliance using Dell’s PowerEdge R910 platform. one benefits from favorable lifecycle costs. Contact information for inquiries Contact your Dell Sales or Services Account Executive. Every Angle has a long-standing relationship with Dell and uses Dell servers.SAP Modernization Services — Dell has developed a portfolio of Modernization Service for SAP applications that features cloud computing. The solution is currently in testing. competitive knowledge through improved analytics and secure mobile computing frameworks. In terms of TCO reduction the Fujitsu offering scores with: Quick return on investment supported by jump-start services for fast implementation and an option for rapid deployment of SAP HANA with pre-defined use cases Reduced downtime via professional solution maintenance Low operation efforts thanks to an easy administration concept for upgrade and maintenance Fujitsu SAP HANA Product Family Fujitsu SAP HANA infrastructure solutions are based on industry-standard PRIMERGY servers. solution appliance. A hosted proof of concept service for tests with original customer data is also in place. . With rock-solid reliability and independently proven leading price performance. Customer success stories Every Angle Software Solutions is an international software company that partners with Dell to deliver an add-on SAP performance and operations management appliance solution. quick to implement and easily supportable. Implementation — Once the Proof of Concept is complete. The following aspects underline the strong position of Fujitsu in combination with SAP: Mission-critical readiness is a top priority reached by the comprehensive scale-out offering and extensive high-availability features. The Fujitsu SAP HANA Global Demo Center can be used remotely by customers who wish to test and experience the business impact of SAP HANA. Fujitsu SAP HANA Solutions Fujitsu. a global player managed services. which provides ample performance and capacity without investment in an external storage system. real-time analytics and mobile applications. benchmark proven energy efficiency. The XS configuration can be upgraded seamlessly to the M size model. The Every Angle solution enables the simple. It will sell Dell’s R910 SAP HANA appliance as a Dell OEM. services and support. Analytics Factory — Dell offers global business intelligence consulting and support. Every Angle has an impressive customer list — including companies like Heineken. Every Angle can rely on award-winning support from Dell ProSupport. software. the software then enhances the data using intelligent algorithms. T-Shirt Sizes offered The Fujitsu T-shirt size options are based on PRIMERGY RX600 servers. Operational costs are reduced through server management. Philips. Further major building blocks of the Fujitsu SAP HANA infrastructure solution are NetApp FAS3200 Series storage systems (scale-out offering) and Fujitsu network infrastructure. These enabling technologies can provide the savings to invest in SAP HANA and will provide SAP customers flexible computing infrastructure. The end-toend offering including consultancy services. Bridgestone and Hunter Douglas — and their current installations span multiple industries globally. and the relationship between our companies is proven and strong. Every Angle chooses Dell because: The R910 offers a complete. storage and networking internally to run the company. flexible and fast production of valuable business content from an organization’s SAP database.
In case of a data loss in main memory.* All configurations are constantly reviewed and the latest technology is validated and made available whenever applicable. Additional software needed . Besides. The usage of NFS ensures that all data is constantly mirrored on the NetApp FAS system. certified component the Fujitsu SAP HANA infrastructure solution always includes a PRIMERGY RX 100 Infrastructure Management Server (IMS). The risk of this concept is that data stored in the main memory is volatile. tests. However. The pivotal idea of in-memory computing is to store data in the main memory of a computer to allow fast access. quality assurance. however the concept is already disposed to further growth. training and initial SAP HANA implementations with a defined scope. Once the computer is down. The second pillar of the high availability concept is the utilization of NFS (Network File System) and the shared NetApp FAS 3240 series. Customers can start small and easily add and integrate PRIMERGY servers and storage capacity as requirements grow. This mono socket rack server is used for: Efficient SAP HANA software maintenance: initial installation and upgrade Seamless integration into the customer’s systems management landscape Easy remote support access as a key part of the solution maintenance offering (SolutionContract) System administrators especially benefit from the IMS component when software updates are required in multi-node environments. development. One server can be assigned as a fail-over server and quickly take over in case a productive server breaks down. Thus high availability is already an integral part of the building block concept. as the update only needs to be started once from the IMS and is then automatically distributed within the entire server environment. Scale-out offering The Fujitsu multi-node offering for SAP HANA is based on industry-standard PRIMERGY building blocks combined with a shared NetApp storage system and high performance Brocade Ethernet Fabric switches as the standard option. data kept in the main memory is irretrievably lost. The single node configurations are ideal for proof of concept/proof of value projects. these systems can also be included as building blocks in a multi-node environment. Highest demand concerning system availability can be met by expanding the infrastructure to a two-site concept. High Availability Special attention was paid to high availability as a major component for mission-critical readiness of the overall SAP HANA solution. Support infrastructure As an additional. Today the solution is certified for massive scalability of up to 16 nodes and 8 TB of main memory. data can be copied back from the storage system. the inclusion of an external FAS storage system provides the classical back-up and restore functionalities. which means that all infrastructure components and data are reflected in a second data center. This guarantees disaster resilience with continuous operation even in case of a total data center breakdown.
SolutionContract offers several service-level options depending on individual requirements.AISConnect software (enables remote access to the SAP HANA landscape) Support Services The Fujitsu end-to-end offering comprises a complete set of services for non-disruptive implementation. software and network products from different vendors. The concept takes into account that Fujitsu solutions consist of hardware. The Fujitsu SmartStart option expands this approach. SAP HANA. The end-to-end offering also comprises the onsite implementation plus infrastructure and application integration. Note: SAP Software support is not part of this solution contract! Additional SAP HANA Services Fujitsu SmartStart — Short Time to Value Offering (Rapid Deployment) SAP Rapid Deployment Solutions support a fast implementation and utilization by providing business users with modular. Fujitsu Global SAP HANA Demo Center Fujitsu has set up the first Global SAP HANA Demo and Proof of Value Center to provide customers with a practical insight into the scope of SAP HANA capabilities and services. integration and operation of the SAP HANA solution. It represents a mix of proactive and reactive services. Fujitsu is the single point of contact for all infrastructure components of a Fujitsu solution as well as their interoperability. Services for HANA Implementation and Integration Fujitsu SAP HANA SolutionContract (Services for SAP HANA Operation) SolutionContract is the maintenance and support service for defined Fujitsu solutions. Thus SmartStart combines SAP Rapid Deployment Solutions benefits with Fujitsu expertise and services to quickly go live with SAP HANA business scenarios fully integrated with the SAP Business Suite. pre-packed and ready-touse business content. . which ensure that malfunctions are detected and corrected before they can have any impact on operations. the Rapid Deployment Solution and customer-specific settings are implemented and pre-tested on certified Fujitsu infrastructure in the Fujitsu staging center.
and each offers a scalable patch to easily increase system processing capability. The HDS SAP HANA Solution is pre-integrated in Hitachi Data Systems distribution centers and architected to meet SAP’s high standards. SAN: Fibre Channel host bus adaptors Blade Servers: Hitachi Compute Blade 2000 offers large I/O capacity and onboard memory required for effective implementation of SAP HANA. optimized. Reliable Results: Pre-validated reference architectures. including SUSE Linux 11 (for SAP) and SAP HANA. This converged platform comprises Hitachi Adaptable Modular Storage (AMS) 2000 enterprise class storage and Hitachi Compute Blade 2000 with SAP in-memory computing technology for a broad range of high-speed analytic capabilities. With the global cooperation from the team at Fujitsu. We greatly value Fujitsu’s early leadership in support of SAP HANA. HDS Converged Platform SAP HANA T-Shirt Sizes Each Hitachi Data Systems Converged Platform for SAP HANA — ‘Small’. The objectives of SAP HANA align with these needs. and we intend to continue to work with Fujitsu in this area in the future. Intelligent automation of complex tasks enables rapid provisioning of resources with the assurance that the appropriate underlying infrastructure components are in place. and ‘Large’ — is delivered as a single unit that is ready to plug into the customer network. The complementary portfolio of SAP HANA infrastructure and services. convinced the management to entrust this vital project to the two companies in combination. and targeted provisioning to help ensure consistent. Faster Time-to-Value: Quicker. and ‘Large’. *(TDS — a Fujitsu company) Mitsui “To promote the growth of Mitsui’s businesses.Customer Success Stories SAP Business Warehouse Migration to SAP HANA A leading international manufacturer of automotive components has to date used an SAP Business Warehouse (BW).com Hitachi Data Systems Converged Platform for SAP HANA Hitachi Data Systems Converged Platform for SAP HANA is an SAP-certified. intuitive access to data. — Mr. Repeatable. simpler deployment offered from a single source for ordering and for providing services for planning and implementation. ‘Small’. It contains symmetric active-active controllers that self-balance workloads. SAP experts at TDS’s IT Consulting business unit were tasked with design and implementation. To accelerate this process management opted for the innovative SAP HANA appliance software. but it took several hours to generate reports meaning that important information was often only available the next day. Customers can derive the following benefits from Hitachi Data Systems Converged Platform for SAP HANA: Predictable.fujitsu. jointly offered by Fujitsu and TDS*. and with operation and support of the production system and Fujitsu contributed the certified SAP HANA infrastructure solution based on powerful PRIMERGY RX600 rack servers. pre-packaged solutions with enterprise-class components across the entire stack. down to the dual battery backup that protects the cache during power outage. Customers benefit from flexible server management capabilities and scalable architectures. As additional applications and business units use SAP HANA or data volumes increase. ‘Medium’. offer a smooth path to easily scale system processing capability without “forklift upgrades” or complete system overhauls. Hitachi Data Systems Converged Platform for SAP HANA includes: Operating System: SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 11 SP1 for SAP Storage: AMS 2100 is designed for high availability. and converged infrastructure platform for SAP HANA which gives organizations the ability to accelerate better business decisions and provides advanced business insight based on instant. ‘Medium’. all three Hitachi Data Systems SAP HANA appliances sizes. Ltd. Exceptional Performance: High-density computing and throughput with wide-striping technology for enhanced utilization. Toru Nakajima Associate Officer and General Manager of Information Technology Promotion Division Mitsui & Co. SAP HANA: . Systems include 4-way x86 blade servers with Intel 10-core processors. it is essential to have an IT platform that flexibly adapts to change and supports rapid decision making. Contact information for inquiries Global Fujitsu SAP Competence Center expert. Pre-configuration and SAP validation of key components drastically reduces onsite deployment time.. and look forward to continuing to work with Fujitsu to achieve our mutual objectives”. we have already begun implementing this technology.sap@ts. as well as Fujitsu’s capabilities in providing global support for our IT platforms. predictable results as organizations look to manage and store massive volumes of fast-changing data.
Network: Fibre Channel host bus adaptors Compute: Hitachi Compute Blade 2000 offers the large I/O capacity and onboard memory required for effective implementation of SAP HANA . Large — meets varying performance requirements.5 +ECDA Hitachi Data Systems Converged Platform for SAP HANA — Small.0. All three options come with Hitachi Data Systems AMS 2100 storage subsystems and with SAP HANA pre-loaded. It contains symmetric active-active controllers that self-balance workloads. Medium. Client.0 terabytes of RAM. Operating System: SUSE Linux Enterprise Server 11 for SAP Storage: AMS 2100.SAP HANA Load Controller 1. Studio SAP Host Agent Sybase Replication Server 15. Hitachi supports SAP HANA from the smallest configuration with a single Compute Blade and 256GB of RAM to the largest configuration of 4 Compute Blade 2000s and 1. down to the dual battery backup that protects the cache during power outage.0 SAP IMCE Server 1. which is designed for high availability.
7 million users in over 50 countries. and offering industry-leading support services to . In fact. and high-business-value HANA initiative. HP is a global leader in SAP operations. M.com/go/sap or Hitachi Consulting: http://www. Many large global enterprises run their business on SAP and Hitachi.Hitachi Converged Platform for SAP HANA Architecture Hitachi-SAP Alliance Since 1994. Based on that experience. XL) to meet the needs of any size business. integration and implementation of SAP solutions. highly optimized environment which ensures the desired results in a lower cost. and its subsidiaries. have had a strategic relationship with SAP which includes the sale. M+. successfully implementing them on customer sites. Hitachi has won numerous SAP awards for exceptional customer satisfaction. HP has developed the core competencies to deliver successful implementations of HP AppSystems for SAP HANA. infrastructure. Hitachi’s full breadth of capabilities delivers one fully-integrated. M+.com/hana. Further information can be found at www. and comprehensive services for Converged Platforms to help customers further streamline their SAP environments. HP has implemented more than 77. S. Ltd. solve their business problems. faster. Contact Hitachi If you would like to get in touch with the SAP team at Hitachi please email sap@hds. based on industry-leading HP BladeSystem Servers. Hitachi became an SAP Global Technology Partner. L. Having one partner that provides one fully integrated solution is a tremendous value. HP and SAP have worked together to offer an innovative and comprehensive portfolio of solutions that help customers of all sizes. HANA Appliance. Integration. including Hitachi Data Systems. This strategic partnership has ultimately resulted in jointly developed solution offerings like HP AppSystems for SAP HANA. Support infrastructure Hitachi Consulting is equipped to support every aspect of a SAP HANA solution and can supply strategy. and HP infrastructure runs nearly half of all SAP installations in the world. and was the first SAP partner to design and deliver SAP NetWeaver® Business Warehouse Accelerator in 2006.000 SAP installations worldwide. in all industries. and applications have been blurred. L) based on industry-leading HP ProLiant DL580 and DL980 G7 Servers An XL scale-0out configuration. HP SAP HANA solutions Through a close. software. lower risks. M. supporting 1. collaborative partnership that spans more than 20 years. proven methodologies. software and services into predefined configurations for a powerful and comprehensive solution that’s designed to work together. and offers a portfolio of six configurations (XS. this platform helps business leaders gain near real-time insights and information to make smarter business decisions. The HANA Implementation Service ensures a smooth integration of the Hitachi Converged Platform for SAP HANA with our customers’ SAP landscapes.com. and Support Services for a HANA initiative. Hitachi. S. The portfolio includes: Multiple single node configurations (XS. and has developed a core competency for designing and building SAP appliance-based solutions.. Development. Services Hitachi Data Systems Global Solution Services (GSS) offers experienced infrastructure consultants.hds. with fully automated fail over for high availability HP’s Unique Value Proposition for SAP HANA HP has worked with SAP on in-memory technologies from the beginning. The lines between infrastructure. the highest level of partnership SAP offers. By dramatically reducing the traditional delay between operations and analytics. In 2011. HP AppSystems for SAP HANA incorporate hardware. During this time. Hitachi also ensures the necessary storage performance and high throughput to meet the stringent demands of in-memory computing.hitachiconsulting.
flexible. M. the industry-leading blade solution that is ideal for SAP HANA scale-out implementations. M+. providing a large contiguous memory footprint for faster in-memory applications. successfully implementing them on customer sites. S.and building SAP appliance-based solutions. sized for your company’s needs (XS. HP delivers a unique storage platform based on the HP X9300 Network Storage System that offers unlimited scale-out capability and disaster tolerant features. and on HP ProLiant BL680 G7 Server Blades for larger scale-out requirements. and offering industry-leading support services to ensure optimal performance throughout their lifecycle. For the SAP HANA scale-out technology. The scale-out solution in the portfolio of HP AppSystems for SAP HANA is based on HP ProLiant BL680c G7 Server Blades. XL) HP ProLiant DL580 G7 Servers or HP ProLiant DL980 G7 Servers for XS to L single-node configurations HP ProLiant BL680 G7 Server Blades for XL highly scalable configurations up to 8 TB of compressed data HP Storage for log files and data files HP X9300 Network Storage Systems for your scale-out cluster file system HP Networking with HP Virtual Connect and ProCurve HP ProLiant Service packages and HP Insight Control management software HP Fast Start Service HP Technology Support Services SAP HANA T-Shirt sizes offered . L. Designed to be extremely scalable. HP X9300 Network Storage Systems deliver excellent performance and a modular storage infrastructure to accommodate unprecedented storage growth and performance. HP AppSystems for SAP HANA Based on HP Converged Infrastructure products Multiple configuration choices. and cost-efficient. Industry Leading Technology — Optimized for SAP HANA HP designed the HP AppSystems for SAP HANA on industry leading x86 HP ProLiant DL580 and DL980 G7 Servers for single node SAP HANA implementations.
When SAP certifies a disaster tolerant solution for SAP HANA. Storage infrastructure HP PCIe IO Accelerator for HP ProLiant Servers is a direct-attach. HP networking solutions like HP Virtual Connect for simplifying and virtualizing the connectivity between the HANA blade nodes. a stand-by blade that automatically is activated upon a failure of any node in the cluster. High availability is provided through a stand-by blade with automatic failover. SYS files. config files. HP X9300 IBRIX Network Storage System features an NFS cluster file system and support for single-node high availability. mission-critical. and a future-ready solution that can grow as your needs grow. HP’s scale-out solution is based on proven. Based on Multi-Level Cell (MLC) and Single Level Cell (SLC) NAND Flash technology. these devices are ideal for accelerating IO performance and maintaining SAP HANA log file data. For mission-critical deployments and shared-storage infrastructures. As mentioned earlier. difficulty and down-time associated with future field upgrades. HP P6500 Enterprise Virtual Arrays (EVA) delivers high-throughput. regardless of the number of nodes in the cluster. traces and more. the blade solution that is ideal for SAP HANA scale-out implementations for balanced computing to handle the most demanding enterprise class applications. The HP X9300 IBRIX Network Storage System is a unique storage platform that offers unlimited scale-out capability and disaster tolerant features. so once SAP HANA software is released with disaster tolerance capability. solid-state. Only one node is needed. redundant storage for data & log files. Disaster tolerance technology is also included with HP’s scale-out solution. and the shared storage. industry-leading technology including: HP ProLiant BL680c G7 Server Blades. High Availability and Disaster Recovery With HP AppSystems for SAP HANA. Additional Software . PCIe card-based solution for application performance enhancement. HP’s scale-out appliance design is already equipped to handle this functionality. This design significantly reduces the cost. HP’s scale-out solution is already equipped to enable this functionality. It’s designed for high availability and extreme scalability while delivering excellent performance and a modular storage infrastructure to accommodate unprecedented storage growth.Scale-out offering HP offers a unique scale-out offering that provides the high availability your business demands today. disaster tolerance is designed into HP’s SAP HANA technology today. HP has delivered a fully automated failover mechanism for high availability. the network. so you can be assured it will meet your future demands.
These services were designed exclusively for SAP HANA. and support of the solution. asset recovery services. Implementation Delivery of the SAP HANA appliance is not the final step. identify data sets for use with SAP HANA. and include: The HP Business Intelligence Master Plan Service is an overarching BI strategy development service designed to assist you in the definition of a BI strategy and the design of a landscape to enable the realization of that strategy including a roadmap for implementation. database connections are made. and the replication and extract. identify any gaps in the current environment and create a solution blueprint based on the findings. Additional SAP HANA services from HP HP provides services to help you identify your strategy. financial services and migration services: On-site migration assessment workshops . The HP Implementation Service for SAP HANA is a complete end-to-end SAP HANA implementation based on a solution blueprint designed by a team of HP consultants. HP includes both proactive and reactive support to ensure the highest availability of the solution. load (ETL) of data from the source systems have been tested and confirmed as fully functional. high availability. implementation. HP delivers support from SAP HANA trained engineers in its mission-critical response center. No additional software is necessary for the HP AppSystems for SAP HANA. services and support from a single resource.Additional Software HP ensures global quality standards by pre-loading and configuring SAP HANA software at the factory before delivery. The HP Solution Assessment for SAP HANA is an engagement during which HP consultants will assess the existing information landscape in detail. HP can take first call on any SAP HANA support issue. and implementing an HP AppSystem for SAP HANA into your SAP landscape. With a connection to SAP’s support operation. regular system health checks. and use of. HP includes its core competency process for factory integration where we integrate the hardware. The HP Landscape Preparation Service for SAP HANA is designed to ensure that the surrounding solution landscape is in place and optimized in order to allow for the inclusion of the SAP HANA appliance and speed time-to-value of the SAP HANA solution. HP is able to deliver industry best support and minimize downtime for SAP in-memory solutions. services and support. transform. and apply your unique environmental settings for network and source systems. Then with every SAP HANA order. This includes the upgrade or installation of SAP and non-SAP components in the landscape. implementation. if not more. However. customized to fit your needs. For reactive support. the SAP in-memory computing studio Installation and configuration troubleshooting Support After a successful implementation. Design and Build With every SAP HANA system. SIM is also available as a component of the Insight Control suite of management software. and recommendations on the configurations to address your requirements for multiple SAP landscapes. The HP Financial Assessment for SAP HANA provides granular information to support your decision process and is formatted to be suitable for use in supporting budgeting processes. Beyond the design and build of a SAP HANA solution. So HP includes installation. and disaster tolerance. HP AppSystems for SAP HANA can be monitored by means of HP Systems Insight Manager (SIM). Support Services HP delivers a comprehensive solution that encompasses hardware. This team is one of the most experienced teams in the industry for resolving issues with SAP in-memory appliances. software. quantifying the business opportunity. which is available for purchase from HP. available as a free download from HP. HP Fast Start Service includes required services that accompany the appliance to ensure the appliance is properly installed. All solutions are built to your specifications and include all required components. This migration package includes complimentary phone assessment services. optional monitoring and backup software solutions are available from HP to further enhance your solution. HP includes the resources to assist with the sizing and configuration of an SAP HANA environment. implementation of the solution into your environment is equally. This includes the sizing of the appropriate system. Based on this well established process. HP delivers the full lifecyle of services required to get from assessment and design of a SAP HANA solution to the build. and training with every SAP HANA solution we deliver. For proactive support. computing the ROI. HP is offering a migration package for current SAP NetWeaver BW customers to assist in migrating from their existing database to an HP AppSystem for SAP HANA. load all software components. and setup of remote monitoring. support of your SAP HANA solution is turned over to HP Services’ SAP support teams. The HP Impact Analysis for SAP HANA helps you understand the technical feasibility of introducing SAP HANA to meet real-time and highvolume data analysis requirements. The basic foundational service includes the following: Incorporation of SAP HANA in the local network Connection of SAP HANA to source systems Implementation of basic security and authorizations Configuration of SAP BusinessObjects front end or Microsoft® Excel to communicate with SAP HANA Validation of the integrated environment and the end-to-end functionality of the SAP HANA system Review of the access to. And then the system completes a burn-in test before shipment to your location. and consisting of delivering updates to hardware firmware and operating system. you are assigned a local HP engineer responsible for delivering an “Account Support Plan”. and is highly recommended for each SAP HANA implementation. critical to a successful experience with getting SAP HANA up and running. HP consultants follow the HP Global Implementation Methodology for Business Intelligence for all SAP HANA implementation projects HP Migration Services — SAP HANA Appliance Software Service Pack 3 supports the deployment of an HP AppSystem for SAP HANA as the database for SAP NetWeaver Business Warehouse.
loaded software. Since 2006. IBM and SAP team for long-term business innovation With a unique combination of expertise. based on the 2-socket x3690 X5 and 4-socket x3950 X5. It is an ideal match for the smaller. trigger preemptive action. testing the reporting use case scenario within the 3-week timeline requirement. IBM and SAP have worked together for 40 years to deliver innovation to their shared customers. experience and proven methodologies — and a history of shared innovation — IBM can help strengthen and optimize your information infrastructure to support your SAP applications. With HP Fast Start Service implementation. IBM has been the market leader for implementing SAP’s original in-memory appliance. IBM eX5 enterprise servers deliver a long history of leading SAP benchmark performance. The IBM System x3950 X5 is the workload-optimized version of the 4U x3850 X5 server. the SAP NetWeaver Business Warehouse Accelerator (BWA). IBM is helping SAP realize a real-time enterprise with in-memory business applications. IBM System x servers with fifth-generation IBM eX5 technology enable SAP HANA customers to benefit from a shared vision that delivers simplicity and automation designed to help organizations accelerate business outcomes while lowering TCO. all delivered within 2 weeks. IBM Global Business Services (GBS) can help you extract the business value out of your SAP HANA implementation. and help maintain application availability. Contact information for inquiries For more information. they could process POS data in real time to evaluate what offers were successful. SAP HANA is a business-critical technology and requires a robust and reliable enterprise computing platform. the four-socket x3850 X5 can be scaled to 40 cores and 80 threads with the use of Intel HyperThreading Technology. They contacted HP and asked if we could get a HANA solution built. Sophisticated eX5 features such as Predictive Failure Alerts warn ahead of potential hardware failures. Organizations can achieve extreme scaling within each node for running demanding workloads on a compact system. IBM eX5 enterprise servers with Intel Xeon processors offer extreme memory and performance scalability. IBM and SAP offer solutions that move business forward and anticipate organizational change by strengthening your business analytics information infrastructure for greater operational efficiency and offering a way to make smarter decisions faster. and the services required to design. This machine brings the eX5 features and performance to the mid tier.com/go/sap/hana or contact your HP sales representative. high-performance technology for SAP HANA. are optimally designed and certified by SAP and can be ordered as a single appliance part number. With SAP HANA. These System x servers are equipped with processors from the Intel Xeon processor E7 family. In addition. 1 TB configuration. IBM offers installation and managed services to help you manage your SAP HANA infrastructure cost-effectively. helps transform the enterprise by addressing current needs while delivering the robust scalability and performance needed to accommodate growth. IBM Systems and Services Solutions for SAP HANA SAP HANA deployed on IBM System x Workload Optimized Solutions with the IBM General Parallel File System (GPFS) offer simple. which are based on IBM hardware and DB2 — optimized for SAP. SAP HANA running on powerful IBM eX5 enterprise servers with the Intel Xeon processor E7 family combines the speed and efficiency of in-memory processing with the ability to analyze massive amounts of business data — enabling companies to eliminate barriers between real-time events and real-time business decisions. IBM is the first to decouple memory and input/output (I/O) from the processor — moving processing power from what’s theoretically possible to what’s actually possible. 256 GB configuration and growing to a 8-processor. The x3690 X5–based configurations offer 128 to 256 GB of memory and the choice of only solid-state disk or a combination of spinning disk and solid-state disk. which combine exceptional raw compute power with increased memory bandwidth and support for significantly greater memory capacity to deliver superior performance to previous-generation processors. These . two-CPU configurations for SAP HANA. These models. The IBM System x3690 X5 is a 2U rack-optimized server. In addition. These BWA appliances have been successfully deployed in many of SAP’s largest business warehouse implementations. Standard features in the solution such as the High IOPS MLC Duo Adapter for IBM System x can also provide fast access to storage.On-site migration assessment workshops SAP NetWeaver BW upgrade service SAP NetWeaver BW 7. They are delivered preconfigured with key software components preinstalled to help speed delivery and deployment of the solution. The challenge: T-Mobile had an extremely short timeline to get their SAP HANA solution up and running. IBM eX5 Systems with GPFS Power SAP HANA SAP HANA. HP delivered. The T-Mobile requirements were captured and an SAP HANA system was sized and built in HP’s SAP HANA factory. seamless scalability for your SAP HANA environment. The T-Mobile SAP HANA project is just one example of how customers can rely on HP to provide reliable. HP then integrated the hardware. delivered on IBM eX5 enterprise servers with fifth-generation IBM® Enterprise X-Architecture® technology (eX5). With improved hardware economics and new technology offerings. Hundreds of BWA deployments have been successfully completed in multiple industries and countries. eX5 features such as eXFlash solid-state disk technology can yield significant performance improvements in storage access. installed and implemented in less than 3 weeks.3 migration to a database built on SAP HANA SAP NetWeaver BW optimization for the SAP HANA database Customer success stories T-Mobile selected SAP HANA to help them address the challenge of tracking their customer promotions and offers in a timely manner.hp. Workload Optimized Solutions IBM offers several Workload Optimized Solution models for SAP HANA. The x3950 X5–based configurations leverage the scalability of eX5 and offer the capability to pay as you grow — starting with a 2-processor. With up to ten cores in each processor. T-Mobile was loading data. customer network and host settings. and support for a successful implementation. implement. visit www. build. helping deliver an optimized system solution for SAP HANA. and even micro-segment their customers for more effective real-time promotions. the new flagship server of the IBM x86 server family.
Simple and Seamless Scalability Using the workload-optimized solution models you can combine multiple models together to create multi-node scale-out configurations. but to then take that implementation to new heights and identify transformational opportunities. For more information about the IBM Systems solution for SAP HANA and the IBM System x Workload Optimized Solutions for SAP HANA. These systems are designed for maximum utilization. can help move beyond simply adding storage to optimizing data management for SAP HANA. GBS combines its SAP implementation experience and skills with the broader IBM business intelligence competencies to create an unparalleled opportunity for our clients to not only implement SAP HANA solutions. Performance testing of SAP HANA running on IBM eX5 enterprise servers and have demonstrated the ability to handle 10. High-performance enterprise file management using GPFS gives SAP HANA applications: Performance to satisfy the most demanding SAP HANA applications Seamless capacity expansion to handle the explosive growth of data SAP HANA environments High reliability and availability to help eliminate production outages and provide disruption-free maintenance and capacity upgrades Seamless capacity and performance scaling — along with the proven reliability features and flexible architecture of GPFS — help your company foster innovation by simplifying your environment and streamlining data workflows for increased efficiency for SAP HANA applications. The GBS Consulting Practice offers a broad range of services for SAP HANA such as: Discovery and assessment services to maximize business impact Architecture assessment and benchmark services Proof of concept services Express deployment offerings. IBM also offers skills and enablement services for administration and management of IBM eX5 enterprise servers. consolidate resources and dynamically migrate functionality as business changes. This modular approach enables you to invest in a Workload-Optimized solution for SAP HANA and grow your infrastructure as your SAP HANA environment grows. and grow your environment to 16 nodes. you can realize faster performance. By implementing SAP HANA on eX5 enterprise servers with GPFS. 1 TB system. IBM Intelligent Cluster integrated packaging and assembly can help speed installation and deployment of multi-node scale-out HA configurations as well as reduce implementation risk if you require all of your HANA server nodes preassembled and packaged in a rack. IBM also offers skills enablement services to provide technical training to your teams that need to manage the HANA appliance. In addition. This is true of IBM’s DB2 database which is tightly aligned with SAP HANA for seamless replication of data when using the Sybase replication server. including industry best practices These services have been grouped into four key offerings as shown in the table below: .and large-scale SAP HANA implementations. identify areas for improvement and develop a strategy for moving forward. These workload-optimized solutions for SAP HANA can help simplify operations. The x3950 X5–based configurations integrate either the 320 GB High IOPS SD Class SSD PCIe adapter or the 640 GB High IOPS MLC Duo Adapter. If you determine that you do not want to manage the SAP HANA appliance. with its high-performance enterprise file management. The IBM General Parallel File System™ (GPFS™) software in these configurations has the unique capability to use the storage contained within each node helping to simplify the infrastructure required for SAP HANA. These multinode scale-out configurations enable you to achieve larger SAP HANA memory sizes simply by adding compute nodes. and performance for compute-intensive and memory-intensive workloads such as SAP HANA. less complexity and greater efficiency from a powerful and proven converged infrastructure environment of integrated technologies. They need a partner to help them assess their current capabilities. then IBM offers a Managed Service that can provide 24x7 monitoring and management of the SAP HANA appliance. GPFS™. In addition. Only IBM has a High-Availability concept which allows customers to seamlessly extend their installation to enable High Availability using GPFS replication and an additional stand-by node. This server is ideal for the medium. IBM and SAP have worked closely together to validate each of the workload-optimized configurations and have also collaborated on performance testing. IBM was the first vendor to have multi-node scale-out configurations and currently has 4-node x3690 X5 and x3950 X5 and 16 node x3950 X5 solutions validated. Note: An 8-socket configuration uses a scalability kit that combines the 7143-H2x* with the 7143-H3x* to create a single 8-socket.000 queries per hour against 1. A trusted service partner Many clients require more than software and hardware products.The IBM System x3950 X5 is the workload-optimized version of the 4U x3850 X5 server. Outstanding results like this are founded on years of joint product development which allows IBM and SAP offerings to be integrated for simplified implementation. These multi-node scale-out configurations do not require an external Storage Area Network (SAN) or multiple SANs. please read the IBM Redpaper: SAP In-Memory Computing on IBM eX5 Systems Services to speed deployment To help speed deployment and simplify maintenance of your x3690 X5 and x3950 X5: Workload Optimized Solution for SAP HANA. reliability. This is where IBM Global Business Services (GBS) provides immeasurable value with thousands of SAP consultants in 80 countries. while delivering the ability to quickly change the way users look at mass amounts of data without compromising data integrity or security.3 TB of data. upgrade to a 512GB node. IBM Lab Services and IBM Global Technology Services offer quick-start services to help set up and configure the appliance and health-check services to ensure it continues to run optimally. The GBS HANA team within IBM has leveraged the experiences gained to date on SAP HANA offerings and grouped efforts into two main opportunities for clients who wish to deploy SAP HANA — “Do New Things” and “Run Existing Things Faster”. You can start with one 256GB node. the new flagship server of the IBM x86 server family. returning results within seconds. you can handle unplanned outages by including an additional High-Availability (HA) node in your configuration. IBM offers Quick Start implementation services to help you install and configure your SAP HANA appliance and HealthCheck services to help you manage and maintain your SAP HANA appliance.
IBM can also offer financing options helping clients to acquire IT solutions that are tailored to their individual goals and budget. please contact your IBM .These services have been grouped into four key offerings as shown in the table below: Combining the strengths of GBS with IBM System x Workload Optimized Solutions for SAP HANA allows our customers to gain the maximum benefits of their investment in SAP HANA — and to bring those solutions to life to address immediate information needs and identify the transformational opportunities that can bring the organization to the highest levels of insight and action. For more information To learn more about the IBM Systems and Services solutions for SAP HANA and IBM eX5 Workload Optimized Systems.
and ViridentTM FlashMax device for high-workload environments. enables to monitor and control Express5800/A1080a and A1040a with remote and centralized interface regardless of the power status of servers. Why Express5800 is ideal platform for SAP HANA High-performance Express5800 Scalable Enterprise Servers. NEC offers three certified SAP HANA models (XS. It significantly increases maintainability and reduces downtime of SAP HANA. or visit: www. NEC SAP HANA Solutions NEC delivers SAP HANA as a key platform to realize a world where people can reach all the information they need or want and to discover something new and worthwhile from massive amount of data produced daily. and NEC Express5800/A1040a also has capabilities to mount up to 4CPU and 1TB RAM.1 market share in PC-servers in the Japan market for 16 years. Currently. One noteworthy hardware feature is its EXPRESSSCOPE® Engine SP2. SAP HANA T-Shirt sizes offered . The NEC High-Performance Appliance for SAP HANA incorporates the truly innovative in-memory computing technology of SAP and the truly dependable hardware platform of NEC which has kept the No. are leveraged as the platform for SAP HANA. which leverage NEC’s long heritage in the development of supercomputer and mainframe technologies to achieve highly fault tolerant and flexible system expandability. a uniquely developed device by NEC based on our experience in UNIX servers. S and L size).marketing representative or IBM Business Partner. The flagship NEC Express5800/A1080a model has capabilities to mount up to 8CPUs and 2TB RAM within a single 7U chassis.ibm-sap. fault-management functionalities through EXPRESSSCOPE ® Engine SP2. All the NEC SAP HANA appliances are constructed on the Express5800 Scalable Enterprise Server that offers upward scalability to 8 sockets and 2TB memory.com/hana. with future plan towards offering an M-size model also.
Through the long-standing partnership with SUSE. for the global market. It leverages EXPRESSSCOPE® Engine SP2 of Express5800 servers and ESMPRO/ServerAgent installed on the system. including its priority support. such as SAP HANA. FlashMAX has been designed from the ground up to fully exploit modern computer architectures. NEC was one of the first distributors of SAP BusinessObjects™ Business Intelligence (BI) solutions in Japan market. and NEC has experience supporting more than 500 installations with help of our sales.Support Infrastructure Virident FlashMax — is a Storage Class Memory (SCM) solution that offers enterprises unconditional performance combined with the industry’s highest storage capacity in the smallest footprint. please contact NEC sales representative in your region. NEC High-Performance Appliance for SAP HANA uses SUSE Linux Enterprise Server for SAP Applications. only packages that affect SAP system shall be upgraded. which is the front-end tool for visualization and analytics for SAP HANA. Additional software supported NEC ESMPRO/ServerManager — is server management software that provides administrators a centralized view to manage or monitor distributed multiple nodes. even when the device is full or nearly full. and its extended support offers additional 18 months for package maintenance. It also maximizes system uptime with highly-selected packageupdates. which enables administrators to identify issues quickly if and when something should happen. NEC provides mission-critical class support for SAP HANA. Support and Additional Services Through the longstanding partnership with SAP and SUSE. which leverage many fast CPU cores and the PCI Express interconnect bus to deliver maximum application performance. SUSE Linux Enterprise Server for SAP Applications — is a fine-tuned and supported operating system based on fully open source technology towards the nature of SAP application’s workload and its system lifecycle. . Support Service For more information. across all application workloads. NEC has established an evaluation team of SAP HANA to make the latest technology commercially available as soon as possible. to collect the run-time information of both hardware and software. In addition. The scale-up configurations of NEC High-Performance Appliance for SAP HANA leverage Virident FlashMax to implement Log volume backup which is a key component to achieving smooth collaboration with existing database tools. and has contributed various kind of open source community including Linux kernel development. NEC has a lot of experience providing mission-critical grade support on Linux systems. NEC will offer mission-critical grade support service from hardware to applications. Its priority support provides unlimited 24hx7d technical support from SUSE. support and consulting organizations. It also offers supreme performance without compromise over the entire lifetime of the device.
and how well does it align with our business requirements and expectations? What personnel do we need to ensure successful planning and delivery? Everyone Wants a Low-Cost. and managing a robust architecture complete with system landscapes and solutions. deployment. Throughout the implementation process. A recent IDC report found that four of the top six impediments to implementing in-memory technologies — lack of skills. such as SAP Rapid Deployment solutions. What about Highly Complex Projects? . and how it can serve as a basis for growth and innovation in the future. Such solutions include preconfigured software. whether internal or external (or both). The right partner should also provide you with access to experienced. At that point you can begin mapping the solution back to a technical landscape. Great! But how do you get started? SAP HANA is a new technology. as quickly as possible. and development services are available that can help ensure that you get the maximum business value from SAP HANA. a good implementation partner should help you develop a comprehensive roadmap detailing how in-memory computing can help your company run at maximum speed and solve specific business problems. with the least disruption for business users? The answer to that question will help you align desires (what you want) and needs (what you actually need). The goal: an efficient. organizational barriers. risk. certified experts in areas such as architecture. Proper risk assessment is also crucial. that partner must ask the critical questions that mean the difference between success and failure — and be able to answer these questions correctly. you’ve decided to move forward with SAP HANA. implementation. Ask yourself: How can we realize the solution in the shortest time with the least risk? Does either SAP or its implementation partners offer any predefined services or application solutions that can help? What does the high-level project plan look like. you should start by identifying the right business use case for SAP HANA in your company.” — Winston Churchill Introduction So. the more you will benefit from your SAP HANA investment. and return-on-investment concerns — highlight the need for a service provider who is highly experienced with in-memory technologies. the first question to consider is: Where can an in-memory solution create the most value for the least investment in the shortest timeframe. it’s time to identify the expertise and skill sets you need. At SAP. Thus. deploy. whatever your situation. First and foremost. For many projects. and end user enablement that together can radically accelerate time to value — delivering benefits in weeks rather than months.Chapter 11 SAP HANA Projects and Implementation “He who fails to plan is planning to fail. delivering real-time analytics and business processes. we often distinguish between business intelligence and technology intelligence. prepackaged fixed-price offerings based on globally compiled best practices. The best technology in the world will not necessarily create value if it isn’t aligned with the proper business scenario. you’ll need to think about how SAP HANA fits into your overall IT strategy now. so your organization may lack the in-house expertise to implement it on their own. and development. Fortunately. implementation services. content. expert project planning. Rapid Implementation — But How? Once you’ve documented and received signoff on the planning phase. low-cost implementation that mitigates risk to both business and IT. can accelerate deployment while limiting costs. It All Starts with Good Planning The more attention you devote to planning your implementation. To accomplish these goals. Your solution partner should be able to offer a wide range of solution scenarios including end-to-end project implementation experience coupled with a holistic delivery methodology. and use SAP HANA to create value across the organization — harnessing the power of big data. Selecting the Right SAP HANA Service Partner It’s important to choose a partner who can help you be successful with SAP HANA. Although the specific questions will vary by engagement.9 Such a partner should be able to help your company plan.
However. primarily due to the slow I/O of the underlying disk-based database and the huge data requests required by these transactions or reports. SAP HANA Use Cases We’ve reviewed many of the key factors that you need to consider when you select an SAP HANA implementation partner. In this scenario. and the required data and source systems are easily identified. To run its calculations and present a result. the application must request the data from the database. depending on the organization’s reporting requirements and formats. As with the agile data mart scenario. SAP has developed “HANAfied” versions of several existing reports. and it can be deployed in myriad ways to meet your project expectations and technical requirements. The next step is to determine how best to use SAP HANA within your current environment to deliver maximum value in your organization. SAP HANA is incredibly versatile. or build new solutions specific to your needs — you may want to consider specialized services. This arrangement has the advantage of providing a focused solution to an immediate business problem while minimizing disruption to the existing landscape. work with highly-customized systems. Service Provider Selection Checklist The right service provider for your project should be able to: ____ Ensure appropriate due diligence during planning ____ Build a bridge between business and technology ____ Contribute the necessary resources and skill sets ____ Validate the value attained from your investment ____ Ensure that your SAP HANA installation fits well into your overall IT landscape and architecture ____ Identify additional business benefits that might be gained with a SAP HANA installation ____ Execute completely on the selected strategy. run the algorithm or calculation. If you choose this option. SAP HANA is set up as a standalone system. which is then used to generate the reports and display them to users in a variety of user interfaces. The data can then be used in multiple ways. they offload the physical processing of the reports to a dedicated SAP HANA system that sits beside the live SAP ERP system. it’s especially important that you select a partner with deep knowledge and skilled resources. SAP Business Suite Accelerator SAP HANA is frequently used to accelerate transactions and reports inside the SAP Business Suite. These use cases are: Agile data marts SAP Business Suite accelerator Primary database for SAP NetWeaver Business Warehouse Custom application development Agile Data Mart One way to quickly get the most value from in-memory technology is to use SAP HANA as a standalone data mart for a specific use case. In both of these cases. These reports consist of three preconfigured reporting dashboards and 23 reports from the following business areas: Financial reporting Sales reporting Purchasing reporting Shipping reporting Master data reporting These dashboards and reports leverage existing reporting capabilities from SAP ERP. Such installations offer instant value — making previously difficult and time-consuming tasks fast and easy. Now we’ll turn our attention to how best to use this powerful new technology to generate the most business value for this investment. With that versatility in mind. As we explained previous chapters. as well as some of the potential scenarios for the future. one who understands your unique issues and has a track record for delivering custom solutions that successfully address their clients’ needs. It can add value to a wide range of business scenarios. a typical budgeting or planning transaction in SAP must collect data from many different tables in the system. on time and within budget ____ Ensure skill transfer to in-house stakeholders ____ Execute installation so as to reduce risk We’ve just discussed the importance of selecting a qualified solution implementation partner.If your business problem is really complex — for example. collecting source-system data from multiple sources via in-memory technology and then displaying focused reports and analytics via a reporting front end. however. though it is not used as the primary database under the application. extend existing solutions. side by side with the database under the SAP Business Suite applications. SAP HANA is used to “offload” some transactions or reports that typically take hours or days to run. requiring extensive data from many tables dispersed throughout the database. To overcome system latency that slows down these common reports. Such projects are usually completed quickly: The business problem is understood. load it into a buffer table in the SAP application server. and then display the results to users. we’ll review four typical use cases for SAP HANA deployments today. SAP HANA acts as a central hub. All relevant tables for each dashboard or report are physically copied from the SAP ERP system onto the SAP HANA system. Accelerated Sales & Distribution Reporting The SAP HANA business content for Sales and Distribution (SD) enables sales managers and sales representatives to check basic key figures for . In this scenario. certain transactions or reports inside the SAP Business Suite can run slowly. you need to manage large amounts of data. SAP HANA can also complement existing landscapes and replace outdated solutions. Reports can also be very data-intensive. Let’s review the key elements of each bundle.
. Whereas sales managers use sales analytics to access instant overview information regarding the various performance indicators for their sales teams. the sales representatives focus on detailed information relating to the results of their sales activities.The SAP HANA business content for Sales and Distribution (SD) enables sales managers and sales representatives to check basic key figures for sales in real time. Accelerated Financial Reporting The SAP HANA Financials content package provides the prerequisites for building reports that provide the following analysis data: Real-time analysis of the subledger for Accounts Payable (FI-AP) and Accounts Receivable (FI-AR) Flexible analysis of customer and vendor items based on the single line items from the back-end ERP system Calculation and analysis of the days sales outstanding (DSO) Note that currently only General Ledger Accounting (new) is supported.
irrespective of the business area. In addition. The master data in this package concentrate on master data objects that are available in SAP ERP. Accelerated Master Data Reporting Master data are essential for nearly all business transactions. SAP BW is powered by SAP HANA. First. As a result of system latency. keeping the entire database in memory eliminates the need to send large amounts of data between the application and DB servers. Procurement managers use spending key figures along different dimensions including Material Groups. Managers use shipping analytics to obtain instant information for planning and monitoring outbound delivery-related activities. The IT team can perform a standard DB migration over to SAP HANA and then enable specific objects to be inmemory optimized as necessary depending on the company’s requirements. In this scenario a company replaces the previously underlying database for their SAP BW system with SAP HANA. the managers can get an up-to-date overview on materials stock at any time. which in turn greatly enhances system performance while lowering IT ownership costs. Replacing an old database with SAP HANA generates speed and flexibility for two key reasons. This arrangement simplifies the data modeling and query design. With SAP HANA. SAP HANA Accelerates Reports Imagine a “long-running” ABAP report within a particular b usiness function. without the need for any sidecar accelerators or extensive modeling workarounds. and vendor. Plants. SAP BW is the first SAP application that was optimized to run with SAP HANA as its primary underlying database. . and Purchasing Organizations to gain instant insight into inefficiencies that may point to savings potentials or internal and external process improvements. making the information much more current and valuab le. SAP HANA can reduce a report’s run time from several hours to minutes or even seconds. customer. eliminating the need for in-memory aggregation. The entire database physically sits under the SAP BW system. SAP BW can leverage in-memory capabilities for improved performance. such as material. one that’s b een an ongoing prob lem for users. from both a user and an administrator perspective. running SAP BW on SAP HANA eliminates most of the problematic issues that slow down the system. Primary Database for SAP NetWeaver Business Warehouse In our third use case example.Accelerated Procurement Reporting The purchasing content package for SAP HANA enables procurement managers to analyze key procurement processes in real time. Vendors. many reports could not provide real-time data analysis — and therefore could not b e used to make proactive b usiness decisions. Accelerated Shipping Reporting The SAP HANA content for Shipping enables shipping and warehouse managers to check basic shipping and stock key figures in real time. In fact. thereby reducing latency.
it “shines” particularly well in a few unique situations. or suffer from latency between transactional recording and reporting? If you answered yes to any of these questions.Custom Applications for SAP HANA As stated earlier. for example. do-just-about-anything-you-want application platform. for each use case. data-driven business models and processes — options that would be difficult or even impossible with disk-based databases. SAP HANA is a full-blown. If. By now you should have a good understanding of how typical use cases take advantage of SAP HANA. Overall. Future Use Case Scenarios As SAP HANA matures and SAP updates its portfolio of solutions to take advantage of the extensive horsepower of SAP HANA. powered by SAP HANA SAP BusinessObjects Sales Analysis for Retail. technical content. and unlocking new opportunities. SAP Application Deployment SAP is delivering a new class of solutions on top of the SAP HANA platform — solutions that combine real-time insights into big data with state-of-theart analysis. and implementation services. If you’re building an enterprise-scale application for a business scenario that has high data volumes. These innovative real-time solutions can help organizations transform their business by making smarter and faster decisions. and they are priced and scoped for rapid implementation. and it stands to reason that there are also many different implementation scenarios. the sky truly is the limit when it comes to imagining what to build with SAP HANA. powered by SAP HANA Packaged Solutions . Custom Development Although there are standard best practices that must be considered when developing custom solutions. there isn’t a one-to-one correlation between a use case and an implementation scenario. there are also many possibilities when it comes to imagining what to build with SAP HANA. if your business issue is a more common or typical one. SAP HANA is a great choice. In contrast. requires complex algorithmic or statistical calculations. you’ll likely need a custom development project. however. The next step is to ensure that you understand the best ways to deploy this new technology in your environment to drive maximum value. so you can literally write any type of application you want on top of it. needs detailed/granular data analysis. However. For many repeatable business issues. powered by SAP HANA SAP Smart Meter Analytics. SAP has created packaged solutions such as SAP Rapid Deployment solutions or accelerators. These solutions contain preconfigured software. There are a few rules and “guide rails” that are designed to keep things from going wrong. Are you building an enterprise-scale application for a business scenario with high data volumes? Do you need detailed or granular data analysis? Do you have to query large data volumes? Do you require complex algorithmic or statistical calculations. Companies can utilize these solutions to take advantage of new. and it includes all of the most common APIs. needs to search or aggregate huge data volumes. your use case is for a specific need not addressed by an SAP application. Rather. you need to look at the business problem you are trying to solve. or suffers from latency between transactional recording and reporting. SAP HANA Implementation Scenarios As we’ve discussed. It speaks pure SQL. Although SAP HANA is valuable for a broad range of applications. which will typically dictate the most appropriate implementation scenario. then SAP may have already created a new SAP HANA application to meet your needs. SAP HANA aligns well with several specific requirements and situations. reacting more quickly to events. you can expect to see nearly every SAP product supported natively on SAP HANA as a primary database — plus many more “native SAP HANA” applications. there are many different ways to use SAP HANA. then SAP HANA is a great choice. These solutions include: SAP Sales Pipeline Analysis.
Custom development projects will include both traditional application development and modeling aspects. and business processes begin to operate in the new SAP HANA environment. Clearly priced and scoped implementation services help you speed up time to value and limit risk. content. 5. and enhanced to improve performance. the new resources will understand how to support the solution. to stay on top of its learning curve you need to work with a solution implementation partner who has a deep understanding of the technology. let’s review what a successful implementation requires. Use case identification. Both the project team and the executive sponsors must be educated so they understand what SAP HANA can do and how it works. Education is especially important for an SAP HANA project. The production system is up and running. with new use cases being created almost daily. but can be adapted to your specific needs. Modeling / Development A key task to implement your SAP HANA solution is creation of the data models and the different views to it. and where might the company make improvements? Where could the technology have the biggest impact on corporate objectives or unlock deeper insights into the reported data? Once you have defined a use case. For packaged applications this content is delivered by SAP. the solution approach will evolve into a comprehensive deliverable. Your solution partner should approach the solution with a phased.sap. Ask yourself: What are the possible scenarios for SAP HANA. The technology is new. 4. This is the final test of all front-end reporting. As new information becomes available. you must follow a structured implementation methodology. the capabilities. visit: www. These models are adapted. .Packaged Solutions Do you have to address an urgent business need? Do you prefer working with a fixed scope? SAP Rapid Deployment solutions can help you implement SAP HANA using a package of preconfigured software. data quality. and checklists. so the relevant knowledge is not yet widespread. along with end-user training and support. if not years. and end user enablement plus implementation services. Workshops can help determine where to apply the power of SAP HANA within the organization. The goals here: to streamline implementation. Customer education. and reduce the total costs of implementation. looking closely at use cases and their supporting infrastructure. and performance. The technology is also rapidly evolving. tools. questionnaires. Solution approach. To see what’s available today. QA/testing. Examples are: SAP ERP Rapid Deployment solution for accelerated finance and controlling with SAP HANA SAP ERP rapid-deployment solution for profitability analysis with SAP HANA SAP Rapid Deployment solution for customer segmentation with SAP HANA SAP is continuously adding more Rapid Deployment solutions. To successfully implement SAP HANA. The amount of emphasis you place on each step will be dictated by the type of SAP HANA project you are implementing. and best practices for implementation. The SAP HANA solution must be designed and documented so that if your personnel or solution partners change. you should perform a comprehensive requirements gathering to ensure that the end solution addresses all of your company’s needs and maps back to your original use case expectations. modified. this will be an iterative process. There are six basic steps that need to be a part of any SAP HANA implementation. Because SAP HANA is a new technology. Now that we’ve reviewed typical implementation scenarios. A robust methodology should include templates.com/solutions/rds. 3. 1. including guidebooks and accelerators to support team members and increase project predictability. Taking a Systematic Approach for Your Implementation You may be familiar with the traditional ASAP methodology used by SAP — and the fact that a complex ERP implementation can last for months. data integration. deliverable-oriented implementation plan based in project and organizational change management. minimize risk. Most likely. Quality assurance continues. (Hint: Give them a copy of this book!) 2.
The system architect also performs SAP source system configuration and replication. SAP technology consultant. and how the data are imported into a formal deliverab le for signoff. As customers learn more about the capabilities of in-memory solutions. the customer may have to consider prerequisites for delivering inmemory solutions. The data services developer is responsible primarily for design and development of jobs to extract. In addition. including database planning. and implementation tools have also been updated or developed to shorten the project timeline and reduce risk. phases. You should also perform a proper data decomposition to document how the current report is b uilt and how it is working. The following roles are specific to agile data mart use case implementations: System architect/system administrator. and load data into SAP HANA via data services or SLT. Reviewing the original form of a current report can b e very helpful b ecause you can see what the b usiness user is accustomed to seeing. Because of this factor. Accelerators. After you’ve outlined a systematic approach to implementation. If you perform a custom development. Each project is different. project organization. He or she performs maintenance and system monitoring. Go live. map the sources from which the data are drawn. Two other roles are specific to implementations of SAP BW powered by SAP HANA. Finally. and disk usage. you’ll need to identify the key skills required to ensure your implementation of SAP HANA is a success. This resource is responsible for the physical SAP HANA landscape.training and support. This expert on SAP HANA technology collaborates with the project manager to plan technical requirements for the project. Critical SAP HANA Skills Needed for Successful Projects Because SAP HANA is a new technology the success of any implementation will depend in large part on your ability to locate experts who can fill any skill gaps on your team. Often. he or she ensures that the SAP HANA database is backed up regularly. as a result of dependencies. This individual is responsible for technical planning and design of the in-memory infrastructure. transform. It is important to manage this need and to consider it during the initial requirements phase. and key activities vary based on three considerations: Current technical landscape. it is important to fully define requirements and to ask ab out any proposed report modifications. It is SAP best practice to use a standard project methodology. Depending on the current landscape. along with configuration and application of any necessary patches. Timelines and Key Activity Considerations Just as there is no one size fits all. In addition to defining an implementation methodology. including CPU. The developer also performs lifecycle management. and deliverables that are necessary for success. there is no single timeline for an SAP HANA project. SAP HANA is delivered as a production solution. He or she then implements these required technical tasks within the system. Methodology. data quality may need to be addressed. to ensure that a project addresses all of the critical activities. He or she gathers requirements for the use case(s) and creates the technical design documentation. Certified OS/DB migration consultant. best practices. Original requirements per use case(s) identified during assessment. audit. which includes steps contained in moving from development to production. then expectations must b e managed. This expert builds your applications beyond pure data modeling using the different development capabilities of SAP . a change to a field may require changing a data model. as identified in the original use case scenario. memory. As the name implies. 6. the solution architect is responsible for solution design. The right services partner can provide the needed level of due diligence in this area during planning. Critical resources for an SAP HANA project will also vary depending on how you choose to leverage the SAP HANA inmemory solution. He or she also performs SAP HANA model lifecycle management. you need to identify the key timelines and activities for your SAP HANA implementation. SAP HANA data modeler. they may want to introduce additional functionality. or which use case you select. Data services/SLT developer. The SAP HANA data modeler is responsible primarily for modeling solution design and development and unit testing of all SAP HANA models. timelines. Common Scoping Pitfalls to Avoid If changes are required for front-end reports or analytics. Finally. design. which includes the various steps contained in the process of moving from development to production. as well as how it might b e improved. and manages the SAP Landscape Transformation (SLT) replication server. each has distinctive contributing factors and characteristics. you will need additional development skills: SAP HANA developer. identify any custom code within the b usiness rules that may b e difficult to replicate inside the SAP HANA modeler. The SAP ASAP methodology has been updated to incorporate the SAP HANA activities required for a standard in-memory project. even small changes to a report can have a large impact on underlying systems. and also monitors and processes backup log files. Expectations for in-memory functionality. A key component of the successful delivery of SAP HANA is ensuring that the final solution meets the company’s requirements and expectations. and project review. or the organization may first need to upgrade some applications that work in conjunction with SAP HANA. such as the SAP ASAP implementation methodology. for instance. Solution architect. For example.
This information enables the hospital to quickly identify the best candidates for each clinical study. a financial services company used SAP HANA as a primary database for SAP Business Warehouse.). This expert builds your applications beyond pure data modeling using the different development capabilities of SAP HANA (SQLScript. SAP HANA analyzes both structured and unstructured data and greatly accelerates the identification process. SAP HANA implementation scenarios can vary depending on your business need — from custom development to SAP application development to rapid deployment solutions.000 outpatient treatments every year. the Oncolyzer will analyze up to 500. reporting. and skilled resources. Build them into the project/solution to ensure that success can be properly measured and quantified. Start with a focused use case to demonstrate business value. For example. Business Function Library. In the future. Primary Database for SAP Business Warehouse in Use at a Financial Institution A leading North American mortgage lender has successfully completed proof of concept. Bonus Advice: Encourage everyone involved with the project (Technical & Business) to download and read a copy of this book. age.). The second example involves a large university hospital that successfully implemented SAP HANA as the engine of a new custom application. 3. we’d like to leave you with a short list of six key takeaways to ensure a successful SAP HANA implementation: 1. SAP Business Suite accelerator. gender. such as tumor types. enabling it to dramatically increase the speed with which it analyzed medical records. This vastly improved performance enhances their scientists’ productivity while simultaneously driving down the costs of new product development. use case identification. Make certain that business requirements are completely understood and that the use case complements the technical requirements. implementation methodology. Implementing SAP HANA is a major step in dramatically improving your ability to obtain optimal value from your big data. We’ve also reviewed common use cases. 7. As the demand for these chemicals increased and their recipes became more complex. the customer is re-architecting its entire reporting environment to leverage the power of SAP HANA. migrating a half-terabyte of data from a competitive database to the SAP HANA database and upgrading to SAP NetWeaver Business Warehouse. the company simply became unable to scale its compliance checking. SAP Business Suite Accelerator at a Chemicals Company Our first example is a European consumer chemicals company that specializes in developing new fragrances and flavors. Custom SAP HANA Application in Use at a University Hospital With a mature analytics program in place. Based on these impressive results. In conclusion. modeling. Every one of its hundreds of new recipes — each with unique ingredients and compositions — must be checked for compliance with legal regulations. Using SAP HANA to augment support of existing processes. Prior to implementation. you may need development experts in the specific application domain and advanced technologies. 6. when DNA is added to the data set. business users. and data store object activation is 19 times faster. simple queries run up to 450 times faster. speed. key activities.000 inpatient and 600. technology intelligence doesn’t necessarily equal business intelligence! 2. BW. primary database for SAP Business Warehouse. The result has been a dramatic improvement in reporting runtimes in the data warehouse and business intelligence environments. Small clarifications on such terms as “real-time” and “self-serve” can go a long way toward preventing misunderstandings concerning both the functionality to be delivered and the value it brings. CRM. and performance of SAP HANA.” The first example is a chemicals company that was able to improve compliance reporting by accelerating its standard SAP system. subscribe to SAPServices on Twitter band review the details on the SAP HANA . solution approach. For more information about SAP HANA services offerings. Remember. developers.000 data points per patient in real time. and executive sponsors. Data query speeds have increased on average 8-12 times. Final Words of Wisdom on SAP HANA Implementation We’ve reviewed the importance of selecting the right SAP HANA services partner — one who can help you plan and implement your solution and provide the right set of skill resources to ensure your implementation delivers on the value of SAP HANA. depending on project requirements. you’ll be able to enjoy the power. use case. powered by SAP HANA.SAP HANA developer. and study results and make a positive impact on patient care and healthcare research. treatments. 4. while remaining flexible enough to leverage the latest in SAP HANA use cases. etc. 5. we have demonstrated how the new application can cut processing time from 20 minutes to less than 4 seconds. medical records. etc. Establishing a quick win helps with sponsorship and funding for additional in-memory projects. the hospital now uses SAP HANA Oncolyzer to search for and examine information involving cancer patients. It really helps get everyone “on the same page” and ensures you’re all speaking the same language. Acquiring data quickly can’t help the business if the data are not accurate. and diagnoses. etc. Finally. The hospital invested in SAP HANA to harness the big data associated with its vast inventory of patient data. Depending on the specific scope and architecture of your project. Define (or redefine) specific in-memory terminology with all users to make certain that each term is understood by — and means the same thing to — IT. Putting it All Together — Examples of Stellar Projects Now that we have discussed the SAP HANA technology and how to obtain the best business value from this technology. Next we reviewed the importance of taking a systematic approach to your implementation and the benefits of following a methodology built on education. Ensure proper collaboration across application delivery teams (EPR. with impressive results. the biggest university hospital in Europe provides 150. including the agile data mart. Let’s conclude this discussion by examining some truly stellar examples of successful SAP HANA implementations. Establish ROI metrics early in the scoping process. the company collaborated with SAP to build an application that enables it to quickly check new recipes while they are still in development to ensure that they comply with a vast array of local legal regulations. Make sure that data quality is considered as part of overall SAP HANA solution planning. With the right service provider. and custom SAP HANA applications. risk factors. such as predictive analytics. scripting languages. To resolve this problem. and then expand across other functional areas of the business. and skilled resources needed to implement SAP HANA. QA and testing. we will present some innovative ways that customers have “put it all together. and go-live best practices. The key is planning and ensuring you understand the entire scope of the implementation. you’ll also need to identify your timeline.
c. b. Plan to spend time refining the model. The following three SAP Mentors are experts in SAP HANA implementations. Make sure you understand that before investing in HW. That is the make-or-break issue for most SAP HANA projects. Pilot early a. 4. and it will probably need a few workarounds. 6. SAP or IBM can easily show you how quickly their systems can report and load data. Harald Reiter Senior Manager — SAP Deloitte Consulting Twitter: @hreiter 1. SAP HANA is fairly new. c. Do not jump into a POC (Proof-of-Concept) just to prove loading/ reporting works faster in a data mart. or negative exposure. 3. logging on from different parts of network. Eliminate the data volume and speed barriers from the equation. and make your voice heard to ensure timely delivery of new capabilities. consultants. etc. d. losses. Be realistic — don’t assume you go through fewer cycles of data analysis to find the best answer (or question). Size the hardware correctly. 7. SAP HANA security/administration is a specialized skill. Top Advice from SAP Mentors for SAP HANA Projects SAP Mentors are the most influential community participants in the SAP ecosystem. they will require some lead time to acquire. Establish priorities a. though. and don’t forget basic due diligence. then you will not see the expected results. and fix them at the source or as close to the source as possible before sending them to SAP HANA. while multiple people are working on system. Align business and IT goals. 4. these data can provide a new perspective. be simplified. Don’t get caught up in all the hype and excitement — be pragmatic. c. b. Revisit your data quality initiatives using SAP HANA to quickly identify issues that result . The majority of SAP Mentors work for customers or partners of SAP. Make sure there is a measureable ROI 5. 10. Start with the hard stuff a. Definitely consider re-engineering the design of SAP BW to take advantage of SAP HANA and avoid doing only an en-masse migration and leaving it at that. and technical wizards nominated by SAP Community Network peers and selected by SAP. An important part of this step is to accurately define success up front. Don’t underestimate the importance of data quality. All SAP Mentors are hands-on experts of an SAP product or service.” 8. Revisit analytics that previously were not possible or were too difficult to perform. achieve success. you should be aware that these boxes are not available off the shelf. Incorporating unstructured data and rapid processing enables meaningful and timely analysis to minimize risk. 2. b. Your SI and SAP will probably have seen your issues before. b. They provide their best tips and tricks for a successful SAP HANA project. 3. Spend a lot of time refining your use case offline before you start the project. Pay attention. test as you go when migrating objects to their in-memory versions so that you can spot challenges sooner.” Garbage In/Garbage Out still applies. and a good design is needed to make it work for all your use cases consistently. Rethink what is possible a. and make certain your objectives have a positive impact on your organization b. and build on that success iteratively. these guys really know their stuff! Vijay Vijayasankar Associate Partner IBM Global Business Services Twitter: @vijayasankarv 1. subscribe to SAPServices on Twitter band review the details on the SAP HANA services website. c. define what is really important. 9. Check SAP HANA performance under a variety of situations — reporting performance while heavy loads happen. and it will help the project team focus on specific targets. and focus on the real business needs.For more information about SAP HANA services offerings. Last but not least — poor data quality is even more damaging when the data come at you in “lightning speed. Focus your efforts. If you do not. Embed statistical models and predictive analysis into your daily operations to detect risk. Be proactive to influence the product development. and ask different questions to uncover anomalies in your data. 2. you will be able to do the cycles faster. Each HW vendor has some “secret sauce” on what makes them special for SAP HANA. Make it dynamic to adapt quickly to new capabilities and integration options. Profile the data. and they can advise you and help minimize time spent “reinventing the wheel. as well as true project champions. Get used to rapid development cycles and capabilities. Move from theory to reality — real-time BI delivers true value. Don’t try to throw all the data into the database just because you can. Develop a roadmap a. negative trending. Define what you really want. Processes can now actually change. and anomalies. 5. Find the best data modeler you can for your SAP HANA projects. Don’t forget to look at unstructured data in your organization. Even if you want to scale out and buy new boxes. They comprise a super-smart and engaged global cohort of nearly 110 bloggers. If you are going to migrate to SAP NetWeaver Business Warehouse on SAP HANA. This allows you to change your assumptions. Consequently. This helps reduce wasteful scoping efforts during the project. quickly run scenarios. or be minimized because you don’t need as big a staff to conduct the analysis. c. Engage closely with your SI (system integrator) and SAP while the project is going on.
Continuous monitoring of key metrics is a reality using mobility and SAP HANA 8.” Old techniques do not necessarily work well or at all with new paradigms.” so think them through. 5. but it should not be relied on. b. Reveal bad data model designs. c. Build for the long run. Identify the best tool for each job. . Size right a. If you are reading this book. Think about details. Vitaliy Rudnytskiy Lead BI Architect HP Enterprise Information Solutions Twitter: @Sygyzmundovych 1. Correlation of results without complex partitioning and staging areas can uncover skewed results. c. Understand the database operations capabilities of SAP HANA. Understand the technology a. 10. Accept nothing less than excellence from your project team and partners a. March 2012. Data composition and data source impact the compression rate and thus the sizing estimation. Help Rethinking the Art of the Possib le with SAP HANA Services. c. however. When in doubt. Resources can now be assigned real value-added tasks instead of time-consuming administrative tasks just to obtain basic information. Revisit your technology architecture a. b. Tuning and performance testing can make the fast even faster. forget about your “15 years of technical/project experience under the belt. 4. Don’t build the solutions for “Go Live” a. Your solution will live a long time after the go-live date and will need to accomodate new requirements. move up one T-shirt size. At the same time. 3. Open your mind to the “New World” a.c. Focus on changes for end users because they can be empowered to do agile reporting as well as on changes for administrative staff due to technology and implementation tools. Incorporate mobility a. Don’t forget about SLAs (service-level agreements). you are already on the right track. c. IDC. 6. Begin cultivating talent a. “The devil is in the details. 9 Gard Little and Elaina Stergiades. One size does not fit all b. and identify all areas that can benefit from technology modernization. Don’t underestimate the importance of data quality. 2. Make sure you assemble an excellent team: business. partners. 9. never lose sight of the complete picture of where all the details fit into. Don’t forget about change management. e. Examine your overall landscape. Technology makes things faster. Team composition is key for successful implementations. and cheaper. and a surrounding environment that is in constant transition. but always consider them in the context of the big picture a. d. unexpected cases. Establish metrics and plan for tuning and performance testing a. and address any shortcomings. d. Revisit your data quality initiatives using SAP HANA to quickly identify issues that result from processing massive data sets in one pass. 7. project team. b. and SAP support. better. Question your old habits. but technology itself is still just a tool. The quality of the data model impacts the available size for data versus workspace. Scale-out capability mitigates the risk of not sizing correctly. Identify your must-have requirements.
Chapter 12 SAP HANA Resources COMING FALL OF 2012 .
He SAP’s In-Memory database strategy globally. the first chapters that have been made available. he worked in the high tech industry for several hardware and software vendors throughout the Americas and Europe in a variety of leadership roles. Dr. HisIntegrated Business Process Integration ERP. Word earned his PhD in Information Systems at Manchester Business School in England. will be released in is also the co-author of the bestselling books. Follow Jeff on : @jeff_word creating leadership on next book. the SAP HANA Essentials book is being written in “real time”. Business Processes with ERP Systems (2011). Please share the website and voucher code with your colleagues so they can benefit from the information in this book as well.saphanabook. Essentials of Business Processes and Information Systems (2009). Over the last 13 years at SAP. Prior to joining SAP. His research focus was on event-driven business process design and next-generation enterprise architecture.com to be informed when new chapters are available. Business Network Transformation: Strategies to Reconfigure Your Business Relationships for Competitive Advantage (2009) a nd SAP NetWeaver for Dummies (2004). He also earned an MBA in International Management from the Thunderbird School of Global Management and a BA in European Studies/Spanish from the University of Oklahoma. he has worked on technology strategy with focus on corporate innovation initiatives and enterprise architecture design. this contains Sincebe continuously updated as new chapters are completed and contentebook versionadded.D. J effrey is responsible forwith SAPand communicating thoughtFall 2012. . About the Author Jeffrey Word. It will revisions are Make sure to register for the mailing list on www. Ph. Jeffrey has more than 18 years experience in IT strategy and business consulting working with Fortune 1000 companies.The rest of the story….
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