You are on page 1of 61

Spicy, Warm Herbs that Release the Exterior

Ma Huang
Ephedra Stem Ephedrae Herba

Spicy Bitter Warm

L U U B

Gui Zhi
Cinnamon Twig Cinnamon Ramulus

Spicy Sweet Warm

H T L U U B

Zi Su Ye
Purple Perilla Leaf Perillae Folium

Spicy Arom atic Warm

L U S P

Zi Su Geng
Purple Perilla Stem

Spicy Sweet Sl. warm

L U S P S T L U L V

Jing Jie
Schizonepeta Stem Or Bud Schizonepetae Herba

Spicy Sl. warm

Fang Feng
Saposhnikovia Root Saposhnikovia Radix guard against wind

Spicy Sweet Sl. warm

U B L V S P

Qiang Huo
Notopterygium Root Notopterygii Rhizoma

Spicy Bitter Arom atic Warm

U B K D

*Raises blood pressure, CNS stimulant ~ Induces sweating & releases the exterior strong diaphoretic. Patterns of WC exterior excess (Yangming cold damage) w/ chills, fever, headache, absence of sweat, tight & floating pulse. ~ Disseminates & facilitates LU qi, calms wheezing & stops cough cough & wheezing due to WC obstructing LU. Encourages LU qi to flow more freely & directs it down. ~ Promotes urination & reduces edema floating edema esp. good for edema w/ exterior condition **Best for promoting urination & reducing edema** *Contraindicated during pregnancy, monorrhagia ~ *Harmonizes & balances Ying & Wei goes to muscle level, for when cold gets stuck there ~ Warms & unblocks channels, collaterals & vessels (in extremities) wind-cold-damp Bi ~ Warms the Yang & transforms thin mucous - lack of transformation of fluids due to Yang Def. w/ edema & urinary dysfunction or dizziness & palpitations. ~ Assists the HT Yang & unblocks the Yang Qi of chest enhances HT & LU functions, tonifies HT Yang, treats deficiency palpitations **Best for: Headache, chills, slight sweats, & chest Bi syndrome** ~ Releases exterior & disperses cold wind-cold w/ fever, chills, headache, congestion, cough, stifling sensation in chest. ~ Promotes movement of Qi & expands the chest nausea, vomiting, poor appetite. Auxillary herb to invigorate the blood. ~ In Pregnancy - treats morning sickness & restless fetus ~ Resolves seafood poisoning any food poisoning stops symptoms **Zi Su Ye has all of the following functions Reduces seafood poisoning, opens the chest, calms the fetus. DOES NOT promote urination** *in Regulate Qi category, doesnt release exterior, has ordering & regulating function ~ Expands the chest & benefits diaphragm LU & ST Qi stag (chest & abdomen)w/ focal distention or stifling sensation that may lead to abdominal & hypochondriac distention & pain, regulates downward conduction & stimulates peristalsis ~ Calms fetus & stops vomiting - *stops Braxton-Hicks contractions ~ Releases exterior & dispels wind - *WH or WC, also carbuncles, boils when they first erupt, esp when w/ chills & fever ~ Vents rashes & alleviates itching initial stage of measles & pruritic skin eruptions ~ Stops bleeding hemostatic must be blackened/burned; auxiliary herb for hemorrhage, blood in stools or uterine bleeding. *Regulates or rebalances surface pores, restores balance *can open OR close pores ~ Releases exterior & expels wind - *WH or WC headache, chills, body aches due to WC ~ Expels wind dampness & alleviates pain exterior WD painful obstruction - Bi, arthritis pain ~ Expels wind & relieves spasms internal wind (LV), tetany, trembling of hands & feet. Also for Intestinal wind due to imbalance between SP & LV w/ recurrent, painful diarrhea w/ bright blood in the stool. Also migraines. **Best for cough, fever, chills, phlegm, stuffy nose, & tetanus (internal wind)** *guiding herb to shoulders, neck, occiput, head - **Occipital HA** ~ Releases exterior & disperses cold WC stiff neck, achy shldrs, upper back, occiput; chills, fever, headache, body aches & pains. Good when accompanied by dampness w/ joint pain, feeling of heaviness, sleepiness, pain in occipital region. ~ Unblocks painful obstruction (Bi) & alleviates pain WCD Bi, esp upper limbs & back, joint pain, arthritis **Guides Qi to Taiyang (SI, UB) & Du used freq for this neck, shldrs, upper back, occiput **Guides Qi to Taiyang & Du channels, & so it can be used to treat occipital HA & upper body pain**

Gao Ben
Ligusticum Root Ligustici Rhizoma

Spicy Warm

U B D U

Bai Zhi
Angelica Root Angelica dahuricae Radix

Spicy Warm

L U S T S P

Xi Xin
Thin Spicy Chinese wild ginger Asari Radix/Rhizoma **Max dose: 0.3 1.0 Qian 1 3 Grams

Spicy Warm

L U H T K D

Sheng Jiang
Fresh Ginger Zingiberis Rhizoma Recens

Spicy Sl. warm

L U S P S T

Cong Bai
Scallion (large) Alii fistulosi Bulbus

Spicy Warm

L U S T L U S T

Xiang Ru
Moslae Herba

Spicy Arom atic Sl. warm

Cang Er Zi
Xanthium Fruit

Sweet Bitter Warm

L U

*has affinity for the head reaches vertex great for headache, not used to rel. surface **Vertex HA** ~ Discharges exterior conditions & disperses cold - *esp chronic headaches & nasal congestion, also acute *Vertex/crown headache, or linked w/ teeth & jaw ~ Dispels wind, overcomes dampness, and A.P. WCD Bi, acute lower back pain from WC both ends of Du; also for dampness affecting digestive system **Good for vertex HA from wind-cold** **WC frontal headaches** ~ Expels wind, eliminates dampness, unblocks nasal passages, & A.P. WC or WH, best for sinus & nasal passages, acute or chronic, but better for chronic sinusitis. WC w/ headache. Supraorbital pain, congestion, & toothache. ~ Reduces swelling & expels pus - *very good at early stages of superficial sores & carbuncles. If not yet suppurated, it will reduce the swelling. If pus has already formed or the sore has ulcerated, it will help discharge the pus. ~ Expels dampness & alleviates discharge vaginal discharge due to colddamp in lower jiao, also from damp-heat if combines properly **Good for frontal HA from wind-cold** *very penetrating into dense stagnation like a sharpened spear **NEVER use alone*** **Shaoyin HA** *small doses for short time can kill you if used alone - *problematic unresolved joint pain, sinusitis ~ Disperses cold & releases exterior not direct diaphoretic, good assisting when very damp or cold. Headache, neck & upper back pain ~ Dispels wind, disperses cold, & relieves pain pain due to wind &/or cold anywhere, but particularly headache, Bi, abdominal pain, or toothache. ~ Warms the LU & transforms thin mucous cold invasion in LU cough & Qi surging upwards ~ *very strong for nasal & sinus congestion for cough & qi that surges up, fullness in chest w/ continuous cough. Cough w/ copious watery sputum. ~ Unblocks & facilitates the orifices various types of nasal congestion, oral pathology, some types of loss of consciousness which impair the clear orifices of the head ~ Releases the exterior & disperses cold good & fast acting diaphoretic primary WC herb ~ Warms the middle jiao & alleviates vomiting cold in ST, esp. w/ vomiting ~ Warms LU & stops cough esp tickly cough acute WC, chronic LU disorders ~ Resolves toxicity for overdose of certain herbs (Fu Zi, Ban Xia) or sea-food poisoning ** Increases peristalsis & downward movement of ST Qi **Sheng Jiang has all of the following functions EXCEPT Releases swelling & expels pus** ~ Releases the exterior & induces sweating WC, esp very early stages ~ Disperses cold & unblocks the Yang for either abdominal pain & distention or nasal congestion due to blockage of Yang Qi by cold. ~ Resolves toxicity & disperses clumps topically for sores & abscesses (as poultice) **esp appropriate during hot summer months harmonizes SP & transforms dampness ~ Induces sweating & releases the exterior WC exposure in summer, esp. when accompanied by dampness w/ chills & fever, headache, absence of sweat, body aches, abdominal pain, vomiting, & diarrhea ~ Promotes urination & reduces swelling for edema & urinary difficulty, esp. when associated w/ exterior condition **Releases the exterior, transforms dampness, promotes urination & good for treating summer heat** ~ Disperses wind & dampness & opens the nasal passages - **really good for sinusis & nasal passages shrinks & relieves puffiness, swelling & inflammation ~ Disperses wind & dispels dampness WD Bi joint pain, swelling, inflammation, itching skin

Xin Yi Hua
Magnolia Flower

Spicy Warm

L U S T

**Best for opening nasal passages. Cang Er Zi & Xin Yi Hua** ** Reduces blood pressure, antifungal very drying ~ Expels WC & unblocks the nasal passages strongly opens nasal passages & expels WC *acute sinusitis; for nasal obstruction & congestion, nasal discharge, lack of smell, sinus problems, or related headache. Primarily for WC but can be used for any nasal or sinus condition if combined properly.

Spicy, Cool Herbs that Release the Exterior


Bo He
Field Mind Menthae haplocalycis Herba

Spicy Arom atic Cool

L U L V

Niu Bang Zi
Great Burdock Fruit

Spicy Bitter Cold

L U S T

Chan Tui
Cicada Molting *Caution in Pregnancy

Sweet Salty Sl. cold

L U L V

Sang Ye
Mulberry Leaf

Sweet Bitter Cold

L U L V

Ju Hua
Chrysanthemu m

Sweet Bitter Sl. cold

L U L V

Man Jing Zi
Vitex Fruit

Bitter Spicy Cool

U B L

**contains an active compound that relaxes the esophageal sphincter ~ Disperses WH, clears & benefits the head, eyes, & throat WH w/ fever, cough, headache, red eyes, sore throat ~ Vents rashes for early stages of rashes (such as measles) ~ **Allows constrained LV Qi to flow freely - *2nd best herb for LV Qi Stag pressure in chest or flanks, emotional instability, & gynecological problems. ~ Expels turbid filth summertime exposure to unclean Qi gastric disturbance w/ abd. pain, vomiting, diarrhea, thick, greasy, yellow tongue fur. **Can treat all these: wind heat w/ fever & cough, wind heat w/ sore throat & HA, LV Qi Stag. w/ pressure in chest & flanks. CANT treat Qi Deficiency w/ sweats** ~ Disperses WH & benefits the throat - **very good for throat sore, scratchy beginning of WH; WH w/ fever, cough, sore, red, swollen throat ~ Resolves toxicity & vents rashes red swellings, carbuncles, erythemas, mumps, acute febrile maculopapular rashes, early stages measles, incomplete expression of rash. Also rashes due to WH. ~ Moistens the intestines helps to facilitate bowel movements; for WH w/ constipation. **NOT useful for wind-cold nasal congestion & sinus HA** **Clears WH & benefits the throat** **VERY good at opening the tiniest microcirculation in the capillaries in skin, eyes - *very good for eyes ~ Disperses wind & clears heat esp. good for laryngitis & loss of voice loss of voice & swollen sore throat ~ Vents rashes early stages hives, wind rash, measles ~Clears the eyes & removes superficial visual obstruction - **one of top 5 herbs for eyes WH eye problems: red, painful, & swollen eyes, blurry vision ~ Stops spasms & extinguishes wind childhood febrile diseases w/ convulsions, spasms, delirium, or night terrors - Auxiliary herb for treating tetanus **esp good for eyes best at moistening the eyes ~ Gently disperses & scatters WH WH w/ fever, headache, sore throat, coughing ~ Calms the LV & clears the eyes for eye problems from excess LV heat, WH, or Yin Def. Also vertigo due to LV Yang rising. Red, sore, dry or painful eyes, or spots in front of eyes. ~ Clears LU and moistens dryness - moistens LU & thins phlegm; for LU dryness w/ cough, dry mouth or LU heat w/ thick, yellow sputum **Best for clearing the LV & brightening the eyes: Ju Hua & Sang Ye** **powerfully lowers blood pressure!! one of top 3 herbs for hypertension *can ascend or descend, drain or tonify ~ Disperses wind & clears heat WH patterns, from common cold or warm pathogen disease w/ fever & headache. ~ Calms LV & clears the eyes red, swollen, dry &/or painful eyes from WH in LV channel or LV Yang Rising. Spots in front of eyes, blurry vision, dizziness due to LV & KD Yin Def. ~ Calms the LV & extinguishes wind dizziness, headache, deafness due to LV Yang rising **Best for clearing the LV & brightening the eyes. Ju Hua & Sang Ye** **eases pain & constraint in the face around & behind the eyes - **dont combine w/ Shi Gao ~ Disperses wind & clears heat WH esp. when major complaint is headache or eye pain

Dan Dou Chi

Fu Ping
Spirodela Duckweed

Sweet Sl. bitter Cold OR War m Spicy Cold

V S T L U S T

~ Clears & benefits the head & eyes LV channel WH manifesting as excessive tearing, red, painful, or swollen eyes, or spots in front of eyes. ~ Releases the exterior *either WH or WC. Also Yin Def. w/ superimposed exterior disorders. gentle good for weak, yin deficient patient (elderly) w/ exterior condition ~ **Eliminates irritability irritability, restlessness, stifling sensation in chest, insomnia following febrile disorder **Releases either hot or cold exterior conditions, & can alleviate irritability from exterior heat disease** **really strong diaphoretic strongest in spicy, cool category can be used alone for surface releasing ~ Induces sweating & releases the exterior exterior heat w/ head & body aches & no sweating. Strong diaphoretic sometimes used alone for this. ~ Vents rashes & stops itching - *cold equivalent to Jing Jie measles or other rashes, wind rash. ~ Promotes urination & reduces swelling - *like Ma Huang hot superficial edema in upper body w/ diff. urination ~ Disperses WH, clears the eyes, & reduces superficial visual obstruction WH affecting eyes causing redness, pain, swelling, cloudiness, blurred vision, pterygium, or excessive tearing. ~ Clears heat & stops bleeding auxiliary herb for blood in stools or hemorrhoids not a hemostatic. **nourishes fluids alleviates thirst by raising ST fluids, treats diarrhea ~ Discharges exterior conditions & releases the muscles exterior disorders lodged in muscles causing fever, headache, stiff or tight upper back & neck. ~ Relieves heat & generates fluids for irritability & thirst from ext. contracted heat or wasting & thirsting w/ internal heat. ~ Vents & discharges measles ~ Raises the Yang & stops diarrhea - ***best function diarrhea or dysentery due to heat. Also diarrhea from SP Deficiency when combined properly ~ Treats symptoms of hypertension headache, dizziness, tinnitus (only symptoms, not cause) **Best for relieving stiff or tight muscles in the upper back & neck** ****best at all its functions ~ Resolves Shaoyang disorder & reduces fever alternating chills & fever, bitter taste, flank pain, irritability, vomiting, stifling sensation in chest. ~ Spreads LV Qi & relieves constraint - ***#1 herb for spreading & smoothing LV Qi dizziness, vertigo, chest & flank pain, emotional instability, or menstrual problems. Also disharmony between LV & SP w/ epigastric & flank pain, stifling sensation in chest, abdominal bloating, nausea & indigestion ~ Raises & lifts the clear Yang of the ST & GB organ prolapse hemorrhoids, dropping/sagging, vaginal discharge, bleeding or exhaustion. **Best for alternating chills & fever w/ bitter oral taste, vomiting, chest tightness & flank pain associated w/ Shaoyang stage of externally contracted disorders** ~ Raises Yang & lifts what has sunken - *also Chai Hu SP Qi not raising properly shortness of breath, fatigue, prolapse --- ** most common use of Sheng Ma; also messenger/guides other herbs upward. ~ Clears heat & relieve toxicity fire toxins in upper or superficial aspects of body. Sore teeth, swollen or painful gums, ulcerated lips or gums, canker sores, painful & swollen throat, sores, maculae from warm-heat pathogen ~ Discharges exterior & vents rashes particularly measles **Best for raising Yang Qi when there is organ prolapse Chai Hu & Sheng Ma**

U B L U

Mu Zei
Horse Tail *Caution Pregnanc

Sweet Bitter Neutr al Spicy Sweet Cool

Ge Gen
Kudzu Root

L V L U G B S P S T

Chai Hu
Radix Bupleuri Kindling of Barbarian

Spicy Bitter Cool

L V G B P C SJ

Sheng Ma
Raising Hemp

Spicy Sweet Sl. cold

LI L U S P S T

Herbs that Clear Heat & Drain Fire


Shi Gao
Gypsum Stone Paste

Spicy Sweet Very cold

L U S T

Zhi Mu
Anemarrhena Root

Bitter Sweet Cold

L U S T K D

(Shan) Zhi Zi
Gardenia Seed

Bitter Cold

H T L U S T L

**primary herb for extreme heat/fire (& Zhi Mu) traditionally most potent for lowering fever ~ Clear heat & drains fire high fever w/o chills, irritability, intense thirst, profuse sweat, big flooding pulse, etc. Excess in Qi level of the 4 levels of disease, or the Yangming channel stage. ~ Clears excess heat from LU cough & wheezing w/ fever & thick, viscous sputum ~ Clears blazing ST fire headache, toothache, swollen, painful gums, excessive appetite ~ For eczema, burns, ulcerated sores - **most common use external application mixed w/ salve great for eczema, esp. on the palms **Which is NOT Shi Gaos major clinical indication? Afternoon fever, steaming bone fever, dry cough** ~ Clears heat & drains fire high fever, irritability, thirst, rapid, flooding pulse in patterns of heat from excess in LU & ST. Also for cough due to heat in LU w/ expectoration of thick, yellow sputum. ~ Enriches the Yin & moistens dryness Yin Def. heat exhaustion & def. of LU & KD Yin night sweats, steaming bone disorder, irritability, afternoon or low-grade fevers, heat in 5 centers, bleeding gums. Also KD heat signs such as spermatorrhea, nocturnal emission, & abnormally elevated sex drive. ~ Generates fluids & clears heat - **general function oral ulcerations & inflammation due to yin deficiency, wasting & thirsting (dry heat conditions) ~ Ameliorates the dryness of tonifying or warming substances balancing herb **Which would be best for high fever, thirst, cough w/ yellow sputum, vomiting, heat Lin syndrome? Zhi Mu** **Is bitter & cold. Clears heat & drains fire, also nourishes Yin, moistens dry conditions. Can be used to treat both excess & def. heat. Enters LU, ST, KD channels** **can take heat out of all 3 Jiaos & the Blood, great at all its functions ~ Drains heat & eliminates irritability (Dan Dou Chi & this herb are 2 best herbs for clearing constrained stifling heat in interior causing irritability); heat patterns w/ fever, irritability, restlessness, stifling sensation in the chest, insomnia, delirious speech ~ Clear heat & resolves dampness painful urinary dribbling due to dampheat in the lower jiao; damp-heat &

V SJ

Dan Zhu Ye
Bland Bamboo leaf

Sweet Bland Cold

H T SI S T G B L V

Xia Ku Cao

Spicy Bitter Cold

Lian Zi Xin
Lotus Seed Heart

V. bitter Cold Sweet Cold

H T P C L U S T L U S T

Lu Gen
Reed Rhizome

Tian Hua Fen


Heavenly Flower Powder

Bitter Sl. sweet Cold

Jue Ming Zi
Cassia Seeds

Bitter Sweet Salty Sl. cold

L V LI K D

Qing Xian Zi
Celosia Seeds

Sweet Sl. cold

L V

Mi Meng Hua
Baddleia fl. Bud

Sweet Sl. cool Sweet Neutra l

L V

constrained LV & GB w/ jaundice; damp-heat in GB & SJ channels of the face, affecting the nose & eyes, or causing sores in the mouth or facial region. (wont damage fluids or aggravate Yin Def) ~ Cools the blood & resolves toxicity heat in blood w/ nosebleed, blood in vomit, stools, urine (charred herb) ~ Reduces swelling & moves blood stasis due to trauma powdered & applied externally (egg white/ vinegar) **Name a clearing heat herb that specifically eliminates irritability, cools blood, & is used for treating epistaxis, hematuria, & hematemesis (nosebleed, blood in urine, vomiting blood) Zhi Zi** ~ Clears heat & eliminates irritability heat patterns w/ irritability & thirst. Mouth sores, swollen, painful gums from heat in HT or ST channels. ~ Promotes urination & clears DH mild diuretic. rough, scanty, painful urination. Esp. good for heat in SI w/ irritability & dark-red tip of tongue. **very good at lowering blood pressure one of top 5 herbs for strictly symptomatic issues of hbp ~ Clears LV Fire & brightens eyes red, painful, or swollen eyes, headache, dizziness. Eye pain that increases in the evening due to LV Def ~ **Clears heat & dissipates nodules really powerful any neck lump or nodule scrofula, lipoma, swollen glands, goiter due to phlegm-fire. Inguinal nodules & in other parts of body ~ Recently used for hypertension esp. w/ LV fire or ascendant Yang. **best herb for addressing HT Fire ~ Drains HT fire heat in PC w/ mental confusion or delirium. Also insomnia or irritability due to HT fire. ~ Stops bleeding & binds the Essence as powder for vomiting of blood or spermathorrhea ~ Clears heat & generates fluids high fever, irritability, thirst. Esp. good when accompanied w/ rebellious qi. ~ Clears heat & promotes urination dark, scanty urine or blood in urine, esp. good when accompanied by irritability & thirst. ~ Encourages rashes to surface not a common use **has suppressing effect on HCG - contraindicated during Pregnancy can induce abortion; **can treat Cancer ~ Drains heat & generates fluids heat injuring fluids thirst & irritability, thirst from Yin Def., wasting & thirsting Cough w/ thick sputum or blood-streaked sputum. ~ Clears & drains LU heat, transforms phlegm & moistens LU dryness phlegm-heat above diaphragm ~ Resolves toxicity & expels pus hot toxic carbuncles & sores. *Breast abscess. Internal & topically ~ Clears the LV & the eyes red, swollen, & painful eyes from heat or windheat in LV channel. Photosensitivity, night blindness, & insidious loss of vision w/o visible physical changes to the eye. ~ Calms the LV & anchors errant Yang headaches, dizziness, tinnitus, hypertension, migraines *lowers blood pressure ~ Moistens the intestines & unblocks the bowels dry, infrequent stools, chronic constipation, hard, dry stools ~ Recently used to prevent atherosclerosis lowers blood pressure & serum cholesterol **Clears LV heat, benefits eyes, & lowers hypertension** ~ Clears WH, drains LV fire, & improves vision overt eye problems caused by WH or excess LV states ~ **Recently used for hypertension associated w/ LV Yang rising mildly lowers blood pressure slower than Ju Hua and milder than Jue Ming Zi ~ Can dilate the pupils clears excess & relaxes the pupil allowing it to dilate normally ~ Clears the LV, brightens the eyes, & reduces superficial visual obstruction red, swollen, painful eyes, excessive tearing, superficial visual obstruction, sensitivity to light. Excess or Def. problems. **taken over time gives one the eyes of the dragon ~ Disperses WH, brightens the eyes, & eliminates superficial visual obstruction lightweight, gentle, easing for eyes gently disperses pressure, tightness, constraint softening, cooling affect

Gu Jing Cao
Grain Essence Grass

L V S T

**Gu Jing Cao is usually used for: Treating blurry vision & to brighten the eyes**

Herbs that Clear Heat & Cool the Blood


Shui Niu Jiao
Water Buffalo Horn

Salty Cold

H T L V S T H T L V S T H T K D L V

Xi Jiao
Rhino Horn

Bitter Salty Sl. Cold Swee t Bitter Cold

~ Clears heat, resolves fire toxicity, & cools the blood for VERY high fever affecting Ying or Blood levels. Erythema, purpura, nosebleed, vomiting blood, or convulsions & delirium ~ Clears heat & arrests tremors heat in ying or blood unremitting high fever, loss of consciousness, delirium, convulsions, or manic behavior. *Resolves toxic rashes & sores, stops bleeding due to heat in blood, same functions as Xi Jiao but requires larger dosage than Xi Jiao Same functions as above very small dosage of 1-2 grams *not used anymore, but very important traditionally **NOT one of Xi Jiaos functions Clears heat from Qi level. Does clear heat from Blood level, cools blood & relieves fire toxicity, & stops tremors** ~ Clears heat & cools blood heat in Ying level causing very high fever, thirst, & scarlet tongue. Also hemorrhage due to heat entering Blood level. *rebalances & restores glycogen levels in LV reduces enlarged LV, balances & improves LV function ~ **Nourishes the Yin & generates fluids Yin Def w/ heat (best herb for this) injury to fluids, dry mouth, continuious low-grade fever, constipation. Also throat pain associated w/ Yin Def. & wasting & thirsting. ~ **Cools HT Fire one of only 3 herbs that do this (Sheng Di Huang, Lian Zi Xin, Huang Lian) insomnia, dream dist. Sleep, irritability, restlessness, agitation due to heat & fire in HT **Main function of Shen Di Huang Moistens Yin, generates fluids, clears heat, & cools blood** **enriches Yin, moistens dryness, drains fire, resolves toxicity, softens hardness, transforms phlegm-heat ~ Clears heat & cools blood heat in Blood level causing bleeding, fever, dry mouth, & a purplish tongue. ~ **Nourishes the Yin doesnt really nourish fluids but has more of a sedating affect mildly moistening good for irritability & constipation ~ **Softens hardness & dissipates nodules neck lumps due to phlegm-fire, severe throat pain & swelling. ~ Resolves fire & toxins sores, boils, infected bites mild toxin clearing **Xuan Shen is contraindicated in SP & ST Def. Cold & Li Lu** **Cools heat from Excess or Deficiency (also Di Gu Pi) **caution or dont use in pregnancy, menorrhagia ~Clears heat & cools blood heat in Blood level. Nosebleed, blood in sputum or vomit, subcutaneous bleeding. Also for frequent & profuse menstruation due to heat in the blood. ~ Invigorates blood & dispels stasis w/o injuring Yin LV blood stasis w/ amenorrhea, abdominal masses, lumps, or bruises due to trauma. ~Clears fire/heat from deficiency Yin Def heat steaming bone disorder, particularly after a warm-heat pathogen disease. Fever at night w/ coolness in the morning. Best when there is no sweating. ~ Clears ascending LV Fire headache, eye pain, flank pain, flushing & dysmenorrhea. Mildly lower blood press. ~ Drains pus & reduces swelling topically for firm non-draining sores, or internally for Intestinal abscess. **Which is common function to both Mu Dan Pi & Chi Shao? Cools blood, invigorates blood, & dispels bl. stasis** ~ Clears heat, cools blood, & resolves fire toxicity while venting rashes encourages rashes to surface, also encourages complete expression of rash. Fire toxin w/ very dark purple rashes. Moistens Intestines & promotes urination, used when rashes are accompanied by constipation or urinary dysfunction. ~ Clears DH from the skin - **a skin herb topically for DH skin lesions or vaginal itching, also for burns.

Sheng Di Huang
Fresh Earth Yellow

Xuan Shen
Dark/black Root *CI w/ Li Lu

Sl. salty Swee t Bitter Cold

K D L U S T

Mu Dan Pi
Peony Root Bark *CI in Pregnancy

Spicy Bitter Sl. cold

H T L V K D

Zi Cao
Purple Herb

Swee t Cold

H T L V

Chi Shao
Red Peony Root

Sour Bitter Sl. cold

L V S P

Qing Hao
Chinese Wormwood

Bitter Cold

K D L V G B

Di Gu Pi
Earth Bone Skin

Swee t Bland Cold

L U L V K D

Bai Wei
Swallowwort Root

Bitter Salty Cold

L U S T K D

Yin Chai Hu
Stellaria Root

Swee t Sl. cold

L V S T

**Zi Cao is most often used for: treating measles, eczema & burns skin conditions** **caution w/ pregnancy late 30s early 40s w/ history of miscarriage ~ Invigorates blood & dispels stasis (also Mu Dan Pi) dysmenorrhea, amenorrhea, abdominal pain, & fixed abdominal masses. Also for swelling & pain associated w/ trauma & early stages of abscess & boils. **Sour nature astringes, gathers & holds, shrink swelling & inflammation ~ Clears heat & cools blood heat entering Blood level w/ fever, purple tongue, maculae, & bleeding due to chaotic movement of hot blood. Also for gynecological problems associated w/ hot blood. **high dose has slightly psychoactive affect ~ Clears summer-heat especially for summerheat w/ low fever, headache, dizziness, & stifling sensation in chest ~ Clears heat/fever from deficiency fevers from blood def. or as a result of a febrile disease. Esp. useful when steaing bone patterns are marked by no sweating. ~ Checks malarial disorder & resolves heat for alternating chills & fever of malarial disorders ~ Cools the blood & stops bleeding purpuric rashes or nosebleed dur to heat in the blood **special function night sweats, eliminates heat from both Excess & Deficiency in blood (also Mu Dan Pi) ~ Cools blood & reduces steaming specifically drains KD Fire, eliminates lurking heat, & clears heat from the bones. For night sweats, steaming bone disorder w/ sweating, chronic low-grade fever, irritability, & thirst. Also for floating fire in the KD channel marked by toothache. ~ Clears & drains LU heat LU heat w/ wheezing or cough (seldom used for this) ~ As a wash for various types of itching including genital itching **Great for all types of Yin Def. heat fevers doesnt injure fluids or blood ~ Clears heat & cools blood heat entering Ying or Blood levels, Yin Def. fever, persistent summer-time fever in children, postpartum fever, & lingering fever as result of warm-heat pathogen disease that injures blood or yin. Most commonly used for postpartum fever & during the recovery stage of a febrile disease. ~ Cools blood & promotes urination UTI hot or painful bloody urinary dribbling, esp. before or after childbirth ~ Resolves toxicity & treats sores toxic sores, swollen & painful throat, & snakebite. Internal & topical use. **Which is in the clearing Yin Def. Heat category? Bai Wei, Di Gu Pi, Xuan Shen** **for generalized Yin Deficiency heat ~ Causes heat from Deficiency to recede for fire from Yin Def. w/ steaming bone disorder, or any Yin Def. fever ~ Clears heat & reduces childhood nutritional impairment fever, thirst, & irritability associated w/ childhood nutritional impairment due to accumulation of heat.

Clear Heat & Drain Damp


Huang Qin
Scutellaria Root **Upper Jiao

Bitter Cold

L U S T G B LI

**well tolerated by SP, ST ~ Clears heat & dries dampness for DH in ST or Intestines w/ diarrhea or dysenteric disorder, damp-warmth w/ fever, stifling sensation in chest, & thirst w/ inability to drink; or for DH in lower jiao w/ painful urinary dribbling. Auxiliary herb for DH jaundice. ~ Clears heat & resolves toxicity, esp. in the upper jiao high fever, irritability, thirst, cough, & expectoration of thick, yellow sputum, or hot sores & swellings. Can be applied topically or taken internally. ~ Clears heat & stops bleeding for internal heat from Excess causing blood to move chaotically. Vomiting or coughing blood, nosebleed, blood in stool. ~ Clears heat & calms fetus pacifies the Womb when fetus is restless or kicking excessively due to heat ~ Sedates ascendant LV Yang headache, irritability, red eyes, flushed face, bitter taste in mouth **Often used to clear damp-heat from the upper Jiao, also can stabilize/ calm the fetus**

Huang Lian
Coptis Rhizome **Middle Jiao & everywhere

Bitter Cold

H T LI L V S T

Huang Bai
Phellodendron Bark **Lower Jiao

Bitter Cold

K D U B

Long Dan Cao


Gentian Root dragons GB herb

Bitter Cold

G B L V S T

Ku Shen
Sophora Root bitter root *CI w/ Li Lu

Bitter Cold

U B H T L V LI S T SI

Qin Pi
Ash Root Bark

Bitter Cold Astring ent

Hu Huang Lian
Huang Lian of the Barbarians

Bitter Cold

G B LI L V S T L V S T LI

~ Clears heat & drains dampness DH in ST or Intestines w/ diarrhea or dysenteric disorder. Also for vomiting &/or acid regurgitation from ST heat. **Primary herb for dysentery** ~ Drains fire & resolves fire toxicity high fever, irritability, disorientation, delirium, red tongue, rapid & full pulse. Also from heat from excess w/ toxicity w/ painful red eyes & sore throat, boils, carbuncles, abscesses ~ Clears heat & stops bleeding (sl. charred) nosebleed, blood in urine, stool, or vomit ~ Clears heat topically red & painful eyes & ulcerations of tongue & mouth ~ **Clears HT Fire VERY good at this, as good as Lian Zi Xin & Sheng Di Huang **Bitter & Cold property & is often used to treat dysentery due to middle Jiao damp-heat, carbuncles due to heat toxicity, irritability & delirium due to HT Fire** **primarily for reproductive system & UB lower jiao ~ Drains DH, particularly from the lower jiao thick, yellow vaginal discharge, foul-smelling diarrhea, dysenteric disorder. Hot leg qi w/ red, swollen, & painful knees, legs, feet. Also for DH jaundice. *used as a guiding herb to reproductive & urinary system ~ Drains KD Fire (also Zhi Mu) steaming bone disorder, night sweats, afternoon fevers & sweating, sometimes w/ nocturnal emission & spermatorrhea. ~ Drains fire & resolves fire toxins fire toxin-generated sores & damp lesions of the skin. **Best to treat: jaundice, eczema, dysentery, pain & swelling in the feet & knees, painful urination (heat Lin), nocturnal emission, spermatorrhea due to damp-heat in Lower Jiao** **drains fire & Excess from LV & GB, **eliminates lower burner DH, extremely bitter!! ~ Drains DH from LV & GB (channels & organs) - **primary herb for this** DH in upper part of GB channel w/ red, swollen, sore throat & eyes, swollen & painful ears, sudden deafness. Also DH in LV or GB channels (esp. lower part) w/ jaundice, pain, swelling, or dampness in genital area, foulsmelling vaginal discharge & itching. ~ Drains & pacifies excess LV Fire LV Fire blazing up w/ headache or red eyes. Also for LV wind w/ fever, spasms, convulsions, or flank pain. ***Damages the way the LV nourishes the blood if taken too long **NOT contraindicated in pregnancy (Mu Dan Pi, Xi Jiao, Tian Hua Fen are** **Best for: jaundice, itching in vaginal area, leukorrhea, convulsion & flank pain, bitter taste in mouth, red painful swollen eyes & sudden deafness** *esp good for external application. *bitterness can reverse ST Qi direction & cause vomiting or nausea ~ Clears heat & dries dampness DH in lower jiao leading to jaundice, dysenteric disorder, vaginal discharge, & sores. ~ Clears heat & promotes urination DH in SI, painful urinary dribbling, & hot edema. ~ Disperses wind, kills parasites & stops itching topically as a wash damp toxin skin lesions or infestations w/ chronic itching, seepage, & bleeding. Also for genital itching & vaginal discharge. **Ku Shen treats all EXCEPT Diarrhea due to SP & ST Def. Cold** - treats jaundice, diarrhea due to damp heat, itching sores, skin lesions due to parasites, hot edema, painful edema, urination dysfunction** **Astringent quality stops discharge & loss special function unique in category ~ Clears heat, resolves toxicity, & dries dampness diarrhea, dysenteric disorder, vaginal discharge from DH ~ Drains LV Fire & benefits the eyes LV heat affecting the eyes redness, swelling, pain, or superficial visual obstrucions. ~ Disperses wind-dampness painful obstruction primarily Hot Bi ~ Calms wheezing & stops coughs wheezing & coughs due to LU heat ~ *Clears heat from Deficiency for Yin Def. w/ heat signs ~ Clears heat & reduces childhood nutritional impairment appropriate when accompanied by abdominal distention, afternoon fevers, & dysenteric diarrhea ~ Drains DH for DH dysenteric disorder or sores **Hu Huang Lian can treat all Deficient heat, tidal fever, steaming bone fever, childhood nutritional impairment, DH in ST w/ dysentery & hemorrhoids. CANT treat Heat in LU, cough**

Clear Heat Toxin


Niu Huang
GB stone of cow *CI in Pregnancy

Bitter Cold Swee t

H T L V

Jin Yin Hua


Honeysuckle Flower

Swee t Cold

LI L U S T

Ren Dong Teng


Honeysuckle Vine

Swee t cold

LI L U S T H T L U G B H T L U S T

Lian Qiao
Forsythia Fruit

Bitter Sl. spicy Cool

Da Qing Ye
Isatis Leaf

Bitter Salty V. cold

Qing Dai
Indigo Naturalis

Salty Cold

L V L U S T

~ Clears heat & relieves toxicity delirium or coma, wind-stroke, convulsions, seizures. Skin infections, enlarged glands, mouth ulcers, tongue ulcers ~ Reduces swelling & benefits the throat red, painful, swollen throat ~ Opens the orifices & controls convulsions high fever due to heat in LV wind-stroke, seizures, coma **lowers blood pressure, helps asthma **Is bitter, sweet, & cool, enters LV & HT meridians. Its functions are to open the orifice, awaken the spirit & vaporize phlegm, also extinguish LV wind & stops tremors. Used to treat stroke, convulsions & epilepsy** ~ Clears heat & resolves toxicity hot, painful sores & swellings in various stages, esp. of the breast, throat, or eyes. Also for Intestinal abscess. ~ *Vents & disperses externally contracted WH early stages of warm-heat pathogen w/ fever, slight sensitivity to wind, sore throat, headache. Also for externally contracted summer-heat. ~ Clears DH from the lower jiao DH dysenteric disorder or painful urinary dribbling. **Jin Yin Hua & Lian Qiao are often used together, but they have different properties; which is correct? Lian Qiao clears HT heat to treat irritability & delirium, but Jin Yin Hua does not** **NOT contraindicated in Pregnancy Ma Chi Xian, She Gan, Niu Huang ARE contraindicated in pregnancy** ~ Clears heat & resolves toxicity for a variety of sores & skin eruptions ~ Dispels wind-dampness, soothes sinews, & unblocks the channels & collaterals ~ Cools the blood used as an adjunct for hot abdominal pain due to inflammation, heat in the blood leading to early periods or excessive bleeding, or for breast inflammation such as mastitis. *bitterness drains fire, coldness cools heat, lightweight moves pathogens outward & vents heat ~ Cleras heat & resolves toxicity for externally contracted WH w/ pronounced fever, slight chills, sore throat, & headache. ~ Reduces abscesses & dissipates clumps for toxic clumps such as external sores, internal abscesses, scrofula, or throat painful obstruction ~ Clears HT & alleviates irritability pacifies Shen & clears HT heat *Bensky says salty. **entire plant is powerfully anti-viral. Can use internally & externally. Can steam & breathe ~ Clears heat & resolves fire toxicity for any warm-heat pathogen or epidemic febrile outbreak. Esp. good for epidemic toxin or any severe febrile disease that affects people regardless of constitution, such as severe contagious diseases. May be used for fire toxin anywhere in body, esp in throat & LU. Mouth ulcers & throat painful obstruction. **CAN NOT treat breast abscess/mastitis** - Pu Gong Yin, Zi Hua Di Ding, Lou Lu all can treat breast abscess** **made from Da Qing Ye. ~ Clears heat, resolves toxicity, cools the blood, & reduces maculae for maculae due to heat entering the blood level or other forms of warm toxin. Can be used alone for bleeding, esp. from nose. ~ Clears heat, resolves toxicity, cools the blood, & reduces swelling blazing heat leading to a swollen & painful throat, sores in mouth, mumps. Also used externally. ~ Drains LV Fire, dispels summer-heat, & extinguishes wind to stop tremors convulsions, red eyes, sore

Ban Lan Gen


Da Qing Ye Root

Bitter Cold

Pu Gong Ying
Dandelion

Bitter Swee t Cold

H T L U S T L V S T

throat, & other manifestations of heat, esp. summer-heat, affecting the LV ~ Clears LV Fire, drains LU heat, & cools the blood cough & chest pain from LV fire accosting the LU **Nature of Qing Dai is Salty & Cold** ~ Drains heat, resolves fire toxicity, cools the blood, & benefits the throat warm-heat pathogen diseases, warm epidemic disorders, mumps, & painful, swollen throat conditions. Also for DH jaundice. **All can treat poisonous snakebite Zi Hua Di Ding, Chuan Xin Liang, Sao Xiu. CAN NOT treat snakebite Ban Lan Gen** ~ Reduces abscesses & dissipates nodules internal abscesses & external sores, particularly if firm & hard. Esp. good for breast & Intestinal abscesses. Internal & topical use. ~ Clears the LV & clears the eyes redness & swelling of eyes. Can be used alone for this. ~ Clears heat, resolves dampness, & unblocks painful urinary dribbling for DH jaundice & painful urinary dribbling. **esp good for deep-rooted sores & red swellings ~ Clears heat & resolves toxicity for reducing hot swellings, esp. for red, swollen eyes; swollen, painful throat & ears, mumps, & snakebite. ~ Clears hot sores internally & topically (usually fresh) for sores & abscesses, esp. of the head & back **Has an affinity for the skin** ~ Clears heat-toxin & reduces abscesses enlarged glands, breast abscess, insect bites, snake bites ~ Extinguishes wind & stops convulsions LV Wind internal wind seizures, convulsions **Commonly used to treat Cancer **Contraindicated in Pregnancy b/c toxic *Toxic reaction is nausea, vomiting, & severe headache ~ Clears heat, resolves toxicity, & expels pus either internal fire toxin disorders, such as Intestinal abscess, or fire toxin surface sores & swellings. Internal or topical use. ~ Dispels blood stasis & stops pain for pain & obstruction associated w/ heat-induced blood stasis, esp. in the abdomen & chest. Also for postpartum pain, & more recently for postoperative pain. ~ **If you use a large dose, the bodys white blood cells will decrease temporarily can make u dizzy & feel sick **Can promote the growth of LV cells & slows down the degeneration of the LV ~ Clears heat & toxin, reduces swellings & abscesses for LU abscess or LU heat cough w/ expectoration of thick, yellowish green sputum. Used both internally & topically for toxic sores. ~ Drains damp-heat & promotes urination for LI damp-heat diarrhea or DH in lower jiao w/ painful urinary dribbling. **A patient comes in w/ LU abscess & is coughing up pus & blood. Which is most suitable Lian Qiao, Da Qing Ye, Sao Xiu or Yu Xing Cao Yu Xing Cao** ~ Clears heat & resolves fire toxicity for a wide variety of heat disorders heat in LU, throat, & urinary tract. Fire toxin on skin such as sores & carbuncles. Applied topically for snakebite fresh form. ~ Clears heat, dries dampness, & stops diarrhea DH dysenteric disorder, hot painful urinary dribbling, & eczema (applied topically as an ointment) *traditionally for snakebite ~ Clears heat, strongly resolves fire toxicity, & reduces abscesses Intestinal abscess, toxic sores, ulcerations, & swellings. Also for snakebite & a variety of Cancers. Used internally & topically ~ Clears heat & facilitates resolution of dampness by promoting urination for hot painful urinary dribbling & DH jaundice. ~ Clears heat & resolves fire toxicity primarily for dysenteric disorders, esp. those due to DH in ST or Intestines

Zi Hua Di Ding
Violet

Spicy Bitter Cold

H T L V

Zao Xiu Chong Lou


Qi Ye Yi Zhi Hua
Scratch Rest

Bitter Sl. cold Sl. toxic Spicy Bitter Sl. cold

L V

Bai Jiang Cao


Rotten Sauce Herb Patrinia *Caution Pregnancy

LI L V S T

Yu Xing Cao
Fish Smell Herb

Spicy Cool

L U LI

Chuan Xin Lian


penetrate HT lotus

V. bitter Cold

Bai Hua She She Cao


White flower snake tongue herb *Caution Pregnancy

Bitter Swee t Cold

L U LI S T SI L V S T LI

Bai Tou Weng


white haired man

Bitter Cold

Ya Dan

Bitter Cold

L V LI S T LI L

**Highly Toxic may cause vomiting, abd. pain, diarrhea, loose stools not decocted b/c absorbed too quickly

Zi

Toxic

Ma Chi Xian
horse teeth veg. *CI in Pregnancy

Sour Cold

LI L V

Hong Teng
Red Vine *Caution Pregnancy

Bitter Neutr al

LI L V

~ Treats dysenteric disorders chronic or recurring dysenteric disorders. Important for chronic cold stagnation dysenteric disorders that wax & wane, or alternating hard & soft stools. Esp. useful for amebic dysentery. ~ Treats intermittent fever & chills malarial disordrs. ~ Used topically for warts & corns as a paste or ointment ~ Recently used for Cancers, specifically of the colon or breast **Often used externally to treat warts & corns** ~ Resolves fire toxicity & cools the blood for DH or fire toxin dysenteric disorder. Also for bloody or hot painful urinary dribbling. Primarily used for bacillary dysentery w/ incomplete bowel movements. ~ Clears DH & treats sores fire toxin carbuncles or sores, red & white vaginal discharge. Topically & internally. Often fresh variety is used. ~ Used as an antidote for pain & swelling of wasp stings & snakebite ~ Stops bleeding & unblocks painful urinary dribbling (Lin) uterine bleeding (esp. postpartum), painful bloody urinary dribbling, & hot painful urinary dribbling. **A patient comes in w/ heat dysentery & blood in stools, but the pharmacy is out of Bai Tou Weng. What would you like to use for replacing? Ma Chi Xian** ~ Clears heat, resolves toxicity, reduces abscesses, & stops pain for Intestinal abscess & skin lesions w/ heat, swelling & pain. ~ Invigorates the blood & disperses stasis for trauma, dysmenorrhea, & joint pain ~ Resolves toxicity & eliminates dampness for joint pain, turbid & painful urination, or DH jaundice ~ Clears DH from the skin recurrent ulcers or other hot skin lesions. **NOT beneficial to the throat like She Gan, Shan Dou Gen & Ma Bo** *best for throat disorders due to WH ~ Clears the LU, resolves fire toxicity, & improves the condition of the throat fire toxin affecting the throat causing pain, swelling & loss of voice. Also cough due to LU heat. ~ Stops bleeding both internally & topically to stop bleeding, most often in the mouth or on lips, also for bleeding gums associated w/ frostbite ~ Clears heat, resolves fire toxicity, & improves the condition of the throat for swollen, painful throat. Can be used alone, both internally & as a gargle. ~ Clears heat, resolves fire toxicity, & disperses swellings abscesses & other toxic sores. Also Cancers, esp. of the throat & LU **treats Cancer LU, throat, uterus *#1 herb for sore throat ~ Clears heat, resolves toxicity, & improves the condition of the throat swelling & pain of throat due to fire excess, fire toxin, or phlegm-heat obstruction. Sometimes used alone for sore throat. ~ Transforms phlegm & clears the LU cough & wheezing w/ phlegm obstruction. Strong effect on phlegm. **CAN NOT treat heat type painful urination, sometimes w/ blood (Heat Lin ; Blood syndromes / UTI)** Pu Gong Yin, Yu Xing Cao, Ma Chi Xian CAN** ~ Clears heat, resolves toxicity, & reduces sores & swellings for early stages of sores & abscesses when they are red, swollen, & painful. Esp. useful for swelling & pain in breast area ~ *Causes milk to descend to encourage lactation, esp. when there are signs of heat. Shouldnt be used for insufficient lactation due to deficiency. ~ *Recently used for LV Cancer ~ Clears summer-heat for summer-heat patterns w/ irritability & fever, esp. when thirst in great. Used as a tea in summer to prevent summer-heat. ~ Clears heat & resolves toxicity for toxic sores & swellings. ~ Antidote for poisoning due to Zhi Fu Zi or fava beans **Used as an antidote to Fu Zi & Ba Dou, & is also a good summer food** **can not treat abscess** ~ Clears summer-heat esp. summer-heat w/ low fever, headache, dizziness, & stifling sensation in chest ~ Clears fever from Deficiency fevers from either blood deficiency or as a result of febrile disease. Esp. useful when steaming bone patterns are marked by an absence of sweating.

Tu Fu Ling
earth hidden med.

Ma Bo
horse extend

Swee t Bland Neutr al Spicy Neutr al

L V S T L U

Shan Dou Gen


Mountain bean root

Bitter v. cold

LI L U

She Gan
shoot offensive *Mostly CI in Pregnancy

Bitter Cold

L U

Lou Lu
leaking reed *CI in Pregnancy

Bitter Salty Cold

LI S T

Lu Dou
Mung Bean

Swee t Cool

H T S T

Qing Hao
Sweet Wormwood

Bitter Cold

K D L V

G B

Xiong Dan
Bear GB

Bitter Cold

G B H T L V

Chang Shan
frequent mountain *CI in Pregnancy

Bitter Spicy Cold Toxic

H T L V L U

~ Cools the blood & stops bleeding rashes or nosebleed due to heat in blood ~ Checks malarial disorders & resolves heat for alternating chills & fever of malarial disorder **All of these can treat abscesses Jin Yin Hua, Hong Ten, Pu Gong Ying, Zi Hua Di Ding, Yu Xing Cao, Bai Jiang Cao. These CAN NOT treat abscesses Lu Dou, Qing Hao** **Best for clearing summer heat & Def. heat; also it can cool the blood & treat malaria** ~ Clears heat from the HT & LV & stops spasms childhood convulsions, epilepsy, eclampsia from blazing LV Fire. Also for delirium associated w/ extensive burns as well as jaundice. ~ Clears heat & resolves toxicity for hot, toxic lesions, including sores & carbuncles, burning hemorrhoids, & sore throat. Applied topically to alleviate pain. ~ Clears & drains LV heat & benefits the eyes severe cases of red, painful, & swollen eyes as well as mild visual obstruction. Topical & internal use. ~ Clears heat & eliminates childhood nutritional impairment primarily when marked by heat *Highly Toxic overdose dizziness, vomiting, palpitations, diarrhea, blood in stools, cardiac arrhythmia, etc. ~ Checks malarial disorder kills parasites which cause malaria ~ Induces vomiting to expel phlegm for phlegm collecting in the chest.

Downward Draining Purgatives


Da Huang
Big Yellow *Caution in Pregnancy

Bitte r Cold

H T LI L V S T

Mang Xiao
Mirabilite Glaubers salt (Sodium Sulfate Mineral) *CI Pregnancy

Spic y Bitte r Salt y v. cold

S T LI

~ Drains heat, purges accumulation & opens bowels for high fever, profuse sweating, thirst, constipation, abdominal distention & pain, delirium, yellow tongue fur & full pulse. Either Intestinal Heat or as Yangming organ stage disease. **(add last 5 minutes of decocting) ~ Drains Fire for fire from Excess leading to intense fever, sore throat, hot, swollen & painful eyes, or fire toxin sores due to heat excess obstructing the blood level. Particularly useful when accompanied w/ constipation. ~ Clears heat, transforms dampness, & promotes urination for damp-heat leading to edema, jaundice, painful urinary dribbling, acute hot dysenteric disorders. ~ Drains heat from the blood for blood in stool from bleeding hemorrhoids or heat accumulating in the Intestines. Also for vomiting blood or nosebleed w/ constipation. Can be powdered & used orally for bleeding from upper digestive tract. **Important b/c it can stop bleeding w/p causing blood stasis. ~ Invigorates the blood & dispels blood stasis for amenorrhea, fixed abdominal masses, fixed pain due to blood stasis. Also blood stasis from traumatic injury or Intestinal abscess. Important for both recent & long-term blood stasis b/c it can eliminate blood stasis outside the vessels via the bowels & clear heat that often develops from stasis. Used internally & externally. **lowers blood pressure, cholesterol. **used to treat Cancer **For Purgative use add to decoction last 5 minutes. Becomes blood mover if cooked normal length of time. **A female patient comes in w/ amenorrhea, high fever, thirst, sore throat, constipation, abd distention & pain, & blood in the stools. She has also been diagnosed w/ intestinal abscess. Her tongue has yellow fur & her pulse is full. ** ~ Purges accumulation & guides out stagnation often used w/ Da Huang for constipation. For heat in ST & Intestines w/ constipation. Moistens dryness & softens hardness. **Softens hardness & breaks dry stool into smaller pieces must have hard stool to use. ~ Clears heat & reduces swelling external use dissolve in water then apply topically. For red, swollen, painful eyes, painful swollen ulcerated mouth or throat, red swollen skin lesions including breast problems. Can be used alone for early stages of breast abscess before it has supporated. **Also helps promote lactation** ~ Clears heat & drains fire variety of problems associated w/ heat in LU &/or ST. Esp. useful for accumulation such as phlegm-heat obstructing the collaterals. **not decocted w/ other herbs add to decoction after done cooking dissolved into decoction **Contraindicated in Pregnancy. ** Can clear excess heat in ST & intestines, moistens dryness & softens hardness to be

Fan Xie Ye
Foreign purgative Leaf *CI Pregnancy

Swe et Bitte r Cold

LI

used to treat constipation, & this herb is usually dissolved into the decoction** ~ Drains downward & guides out stagnation internal heat constipation works slowly take before going to bed. For constipation due to heat accumulation in Intestines. Can be used for both acute & chronic problems. Often used alone. **Please name a taste that you would NOT expect to find in purging herbs Sour b/c it astringes, stops discharge & loss* *not decocted used in powder or pill form in tiny amounts 1-2 grams ~ Drains fire & opens bowels/ guides out accumulation constipation w/ heat red eyes, dizziness, headache, irritability. Constipation, dizziness, red eyes, irritability due to heat accumulation. Esp. for hot constipation w/ exuberant HT & LV fire w/ irritability, restlessness, & insomnia. Also used for chronic constipation ~ Clears heat & cools LV LV Fire bad headache, irritability, anger, convulsions. Epigastric discomfort, dizziness, headache, tinnitus, irritability, constipation, & fever due to abundant heat in LV channel. ~ Kills parasites & strengthens ST traditionally for roundworm w/ headache. Childhood nutritional impairment, esp. when due to roundworm. Also used for tinea.

Lu Hui
Aloe Vera *CI Pregnancy

Bitte r Cold

LI L V S T

Downward Draining Moist Laxatives


Huo Ma Ren
Hemp Seed

Swe et Neut ral

LI S P S T LI SI S P

Yu Li Ren
Cherry Pit *Caution Pregnancy

Spic y Bitte r Swe et Neut ral

~ Nourishes & Moistens intestines for constipation in the elderly, in the aftermath of a febrile disease, postpartum, & in cases of blood deficiency **Nourishes Yin mildly tonifies the Yin & primarily used in cases of yin def. w/ constipation ~ Clears heat & promotes healing of sores topically or orally. Sores & ulcerations. **NOT contraindicated in pregnancy** ~ Moistens intestines & unblocks bowels for constipation due to qi stagnation in Intestines. J. Su - very gentle & nourishing, good for deficiency type constipation ~ Promotes urination & reduces edema leg qi or edema w/ urinary difficulty & constipation. J. Su - urinary difficulties w/ water retention, pre-menstrual water retention **Which group of herbs has moist laxative function, & to be used to treat constipation due to Yin & Blood Def. in elderly, weak & chronic patients Huo Ma Ren, Yu Li Ren** **Can lubricate intestines & promote urination, is used to treat constipation & edema**

Downward Draining Harsh Expellants


Pregnancy & for weak patients

* all Contraindicated during

Qian Niu Zi
Morning glory seeds

Bitter Spicy Cold Sl. toxic

K D LI L U SI

~ Drains water & promotes urination for edema & ascited from stagnation of pathogenic water or dampness. Esp. suitable herb as it expels water through both urine & stool & can be used alone for this. ~ Drives out phlegm & thin mucous cough, wheezing, & a sensation of fullness in the chest & abdomen due to thin mucous obstructing the LU. ~ Unblocks the bowels & removes accumulation constipation due to accumulation of stagnation of damp-heat or food stagnation in the ST & Intestines. Dosage is less then for previous

Gan Sui

Bitter Sweet Cold Toxic

K D LI L U

Da Ji
Big Weapon

Bitter Spicy Cold Sl. Toxic Bitter Spicy Warm Toxic

K D LI S P K D LI L U S T LI L U

Yuan Hua
Flower Plant Also called Da Du = Fish Toxin

Ba Dou
a place bean

Spicy Hot Toxic

Shang Lu
on road

Bitter Cold Toxic

U B K D LI S P

function. ~ Expels intestinal parasites & reduces stagnation for roundworm or tapeworm infestations & food stagnation. ~ Drains water downward & drives out thin mucous for draining severe accumulation of fluid in the chest & abdomen. Also for generalized edema, facial edema, & abdominal distention. A violent, cathartic herb that causes water to pass anally ~ Drives out phlegm for seizures from wind-phlegm or withdrawal-mania from recalcitrant phlegm congealing & clumping. ~ Clears heat & reduces swelling topically as powder mixed w/ water. For swollen, painful, nodular skin lesions due to damp-heat. Best for early stages. *very spicy & bitter makes throat hurt as if a weapon is poking your throat ~ Drains water downward & drives out thin mucous for moderate accumulation of fluids in chest & flanks w/ labored breathing, dull pain in lateral aspect of chest, spitting thick sputum, thick & greasy tongue fur. J Su causes frequent watery stools to remove fluid a lot like Gan Sui ~ Reduces swelling & dissipates nodules topically for red, swollen, painful, toxic sores or scrofula. ~ Drains water downward & drives out thin mucous used as harsh cathartic & a diuretic for accumulation of fluids in the chest & abdomen & thin mucous in the flanks. J. Su causes watery stools for thoracic & abdominal water retention ~ Dispels phlegm & stops coughing coughing & wheezing. Chronic bronchitis w/ dampness & cold. Can be taken alone w/ sugar. ~ Kills parasites used topically to kill tinea. **whole plant very toxic reaction is abd. pain, diarrhea, **lowers blood pressure, can cause loss of consciousness ~ Warmly unblocks & vigorously purges for severe cold accumulation in the interior leading to constipation & abdominal fullness, distention, & pain. ~ Drives out water & reduces edema ascites chest & abd. water retention ~ Breaks up clogged phlegm & improves the condition of the throat for phlegm clogging the throat & causing difficult breathing, wheezing & severe fullness & distention in the chest & diaphragm. Also for phlegm veiling the sensory orifices. ~ Promotes healing of abscesses & ulcers topically for abscesses that have supporated but not yet ulcerated, to accelerate the ulcerating process. Also for severe ulcers. **oily part shouldnt be taken internally must remove oil first **Which herb is a seed w/ strong toxic? It should be used in extremely small dosage & only for an emergency situation Ba Dou** ~ Drives out water through the urethra & anus for edema associated w/ excess w/ severe constipation & urinary difficulty. ~ Reduces sores & carbuncles topically for hot-type sores. **can lower blood pressure causing loss of consciousness **Toxic reaction intense nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, headache, muscle spasms, difficult speech

Dispel Wind-Dampness
Du Huo
Pubescent Angelica Root single alive

Bitte r Spicy War m

K D U B

Qin Jiao
Large Gentian Root

Bitte r Spicy Sl. cold

G B L V S T

Wei Ling Xian


Clematis Root power magic immortal

Spicy Salty War m

U B

Hai Tong Pi
Erythrina Bark

Bitte r Spicy Neut ral

L V S P K D L V S P

Mu Gua
Quince Fruit

Sour War m

Can Sha
Silkworm Feces

Swee t Spicy War m

L V S P S

~ Dispels wind-damp & A.P. wind-cold-damp Bi, esp in low back & knees. Pain, numbness, weakness ~ Disperses wind-cold-damp & releases the exterior spicy, warm. For WC no sweating, more chills than fever. Body aches & pains. Secondary action not very strong. Exterior WC together w/ dampness. ~ Also used for Shaoyin stage headache & toothache **used for treating pain in the lower body & lower extremities due to winddampness more than Qing Huo (Jiao)** ~ Expels wind-dampness & soothes the sinews & collaterals very strong pain herb. For Wind-Damp Bi & cramping, esp. in the extremities. Can be used for acute or chronic, cold or hot disorders b/c sl. cold particularly suitable for Hot Bi. ~ Clears heat from Deficiency Yin Deficiency low-grade fever, steaming bone disorder, night sweats, red tongue w/ less or no fur. ~ Resolves jaundice & reduces dampness jaundice due to damp-heat, esp. in acute cases & in infants. ~ Moistens the intestines & unblocks the bowels for dry constipation. Commonly used to counteract drying qualities of other herbs that dispel wind-damp. **Most effective in category for relaxing sinews & clearing deficiency heat (steaming bone fever)** ~ Dispels wind-dampness, unblocks channels, & A.P. esp. good for Wind Bi, b/c it both releases the exterior & promotes movement of Qi in the channels. Can be taken alone as a powder w/ warm wine for pain in low back & legs. ~ Softens & transforms fish bones for fish bones lodged in throat salty softens hardness. Ineffective for deeply lodged or relatively large bones. ~ Used for focal distention & accumulation in the middle jiao b/c it reduces phlegm & pathogenic water **Most effective to soften & transform fish bones** ~ Dispels wind-dampness, unblocks the channels & collaterals for winddamp Bi, esp. where there is soreness & pain in the lower back & knee, or spasms of the extremities. Can be used for hot or cold b/c neutral. ~ Promotes urination & reduces edema for superficial edema due to dampness. Cold-damp or damp-heat ~ Treating itching skin lesions used topically for scabies & other skin lesions as a wash ~ Used as a gargle for toothache due to dental cavities ~ Relaxes the sinews & unblocks the channels for Damp Bi in the extremities, esp. w/ severe cramping pain, & weakness in the lower back & lower extremities. One of the better herbs for relaxing the sinews. ~ Harmonizes ST & transforms dampness abd. pain, spasms, & cramping of the calves, edema of leg due to leg qi. Esp. useful for disharmony between the LV & SP leading to leg problems. Vomiting, nausea. ~ Reduces food stagnation for indigestion. Similar to Shan Zha, but not commonly used. **Relaxes the sinews & opens channels, harmonizes the ST & transforms dampness, used to treat wind-damp Bi symptoms, abd. pain, edema, spasm & cramping pain of the calf muscles** ~ Dispels wind & eliminates dampness for wind-damp Bi esp. damp. Itchy rashes due to wind-damp. Can use externally heat it up w/ dry heat. ~ Harmonizes the ST & transforms turbid dampness internal obstruction from turbid damp w/ vomiting, diarrhea, cramps, abd. pain, borborygmus, & spasms of the calf muscles. Bad

Sang Zhi
Mulberry Twig

Bitte r Neut ral

L V

Wu Jia Pi
Eleutherococc us Root Bark

Spicy Bitte r War m

K D L V

Xi Xian Cao
Siegesbeckia pig plant herb

Bitte r Cold

K D L V

Luo Shi Teng


Star Jasmine

Hai Feng Teng


Kadsure Pepper Stem

Qian Nian Jian


Homalomena Rhizome

Bitte r Sl. cold (spic y) Spicy Bitte r sl. war Spicy Bitte r War m

L V

vomiting, bad nausea causing dehydration causing muscle cramps & spasms. Internal & external use. ~ As an external wash for itchy skin wind related itchy skin. ~ Dispels wind, unblocks channels & collaterals, & benefits the joints **upper limb warm wind-damp Bi. Very good for aches & pain related to the upper limb elbow, shoulder, arm, wrist, finger major use is heat condition. ~ Promotes urination & reduces edema dampness in joints causing aches & pain, puffy/pitting edema, heaviness ~ Dispels wind-damp & strengthens the sinews & bones tonifies LV & KD for chronic deficiency of LV & KD creating weak & soft sinews & bones. Aches & pain (wind-cold-damp Bi). Esp. useful when the smooth flow of Qi is obstructed. Really good for the elderly. Helps heal bone fractures. ~ Transforms dampness, promotes urination, & reduces edema urinary difficulty, edema, & cold-damp leg qi **A senior patient has a job that requires prolonged periods of standing. Over a period of time, she has developed lower back pain, knee pain, & difficulty urination. The diagnosis for her is edema due to wind-cold-damp & leg qi. Use Wu Jia Pi for this** contains potent adaptogens*** ~ Dispels wind-damp & unblocks channels & collaterals wind-damp Bi w/ pain in joints. Commonly used for spasms & cramps in the extremities, numbness in extremities, weak legs, including weakness as a side-effect of wind-stroke. ~ Clears heat & pacifies LV for LV Yang Rising w/ headache & dizziness, flushed face, tinnitus ~ Clears & transforms damp-heat for damp-heat sores/skin lesions, itching, wind-damp rash, or other itching. External & internal use wash, bath, soak. ~ Also used for hypertension - ***lowers blood pressure *** used in stroke treatment, hypertension **A patient has a history of hypertension for 5 yrs. Recently, he gets some Bi syndrome such as joint pain, numbness in extremities, hemiplegia & itchiness of skin due to wind-damp-heat. Xi Xian Cao is most effective** ~ Dispels wind-dampness & unblocks collaterals for wind-damp Bi & spasms of sinews. Esp. for heat related pain. ~ Cools the blood & reduces swelling for red, hot, & painful abscesses & other toxic sores. Also for plum bit qi painful obstruction of the throat. ~ Dispels wind-dampness & unblocks channels & collaterals for wind-colddamp Bi w/ stiff joints, lower back pain, sore knees, & cramping of muscles & sinews. Also for pain from trauma.

L V

K D L V

Thousand years healthy & strong ~ Dispels wind-dampness & strengthens sinews & bones wind-cold-damp Bi w/ pain, spasms, or numbness, either perceived superficially or deeply (sinews or bones). Also suitable for weakness or softness in sinews & bones b/c it strengthens sinews & bones. Widely used in the elderly, both external as a wash & internal ~ Strengthens sinews & bones LV & KD Deficiency esp. for elderly w. degeneration condition aches & pain, numbness, body pain

Hu Gu
Tiger Bone

Spicy Salty Swee t Salty War m Toxic

Bai Hua She


White pattern Snake

L V K D L V

~ Dispels wind, takes care of pain, strengthens sinews & bones winddamp Bi. Atrophied & weak lower back & legs. Often used when the pain of Bi is not fixed in one place, & there are spasms of the legs & difficulty moving the joints. ~ Powerfully unblocks channels & extinguishes wind chronic wind-damp w/ numbness & weakness of limbs & cramping of sinews. Used for stubborn cases. More advanced, chronic, painful cases. Stroke patients, Bells Palsy. ~ Dispels wind from the skin chronic itchy skin. ~ Dispels wind from the sinews & settles jitteriness & convulsions muscle spasms, seizures, tremors,

Parkinsons **Good for treating Bi symptoms, facial paralysis, limb numbness, hemiplegia (wind-stroke), rashes & tetanus. Bai Hua She & Wu Shao She**

Wu Shao She
Black striped Snake

She Tui
Snake Skin slough

Swee t Salty Neut ral Swee t Salty neutr al Bitte r War m Bitte r Spicy Cold Bitte r Swee t Neut ral

L V S P L V

~ same as Bai Hua She, but not as strong & not toxic & neutral **Good for treating Bi symptoms, facial paralysis, limb numbness, hemiplegia (wind-stroke), rashes & tetanus**

Song Jie
pine join

L V U B S P K D K D L V

**very much a wind herb used for skin issues ~ Dispels wind & stops spasms for skin lesions/itchiness due to wind, childhood convulsions, seizures. ~ Removes superficial visual obstruction as a wash and as powder taken internally *Caution or contraindicated in Pregnancy all snake products ~ Dispels wind, dries dampness, & stops pain wind-damp Bi w/ pain & soreness in the joints. Used when dampness &/or Cold predominate. Also for pain from trauma. **Han Fang Ji is better at Promoting urination & Reducing Edema **Guang Fang Ji is better at expelling wind treating aches & pain ~ Expels wind-damp & unblocks meridians aches & pains general blockage. Better in cases w/ Heat. ~ Promotes urination & reduces edema pitting edema ~ Tonifies LV & KD, strengthens sinews & bones aches & pain, degenerative conditions. Treats Excess & Def. at the same time. Insufficiency of LV & KD Yin w/ soreness & pain in the lower back & legs, joint problems, numbness, & weakness & atrophy of sinews & bones. W/ or w/o wind-dampness. ~ expels wind-damp ~ Nourishes Blood & calms the Womb for restless fetus or uterine bleeding during pregnancy. *also promotes lactation. ~ Nourishes the blood & benefits the skin & hair general health maintenance. For dry, scaly skin due to blood deficiency. Adds luster to hair, treats hair loss, pre-mature grey hair.

Fang Ji
Protects Earth

Sang Ji Sheng
Mistletoe Grows on Mulberry Tree

Drain Dampness
Fu Ling
Hidden Medicine fungus on pine tree roots (Song Jie)

Swee t Blan d Neut ral

H T S P K D L U

Zhu Ling
Fungus on Oak Tree root

Hua Shi
Talcum slippery rock *Caution Pregnanc

Swee t Blan d Sl. cool Swee t Blan d Cold Swee t Blan d Sl. cold

S P K D U B S T U B

~ Promotes urination & leaches out dampness for difficult urination, diarrhea, edema due to stagnation of fluids or dampness. Also for scanty urine due to damp-heat (UTI). Very neutral & bland dries damp but not too harsh or strong. ~ Strengthens SP & harmonizes the middle jiao for SP Def. w/ dampness, loss of appetite, diarrhea, epigastric distention. Diarrhea, leukorrhea. ~Strengthens SP & transforms phlegm SP Def. w/ thin mucus in which phlegm moves upward causing palpitations, headache, dizziness, & thick, greasy tongue fur. All kinds of phlegm related conditions. ~ Quiets the HT & calms the spirit pacifies Shen. For palpitations, insomnia, forgetfulness due to either SP or HT def. or internal obstruction of turbid phlegm. **Fu Ling quiets the HT & calms the spirit, Zhu Ling does not. **Taste & temp of Fu Ling = sweet, bland, neutral** ~ Promotes urination & leaches out dampness problems caused by stagnation of dampness edema, scanty urine, leukorrhea, turbid painful urinary dribbling, jaundice, diarrhea. Also painful urinary dribbling in pregnancy **Successful w/ Yin Def. patients w/ dampness Zhu Ling Tang** ~ Clears heat & facilitates the resolution of dampness hot painful urinary dribbling or any condition w/ dark, painful, burning & scanty urine. Also damp-heat causing diarrhea. Expels dampheat through the urine. Also treats heat in Qi level w/ dampness manifesting as unremitting fever, heaviness of body, thirst, yellow tongue fur. *Absorbs dampness topically damp skin lesions, blisters, oozing lesions. ~ Clears summer-heat & facilitates the resolution of dampness ~ Facilitates the resolution of dampness & strengthens the SP edema, diarrhea, leg qi, painful urinary dribbling, damp-warmth. Treats both the root & manifestations of these disorders. Can tonify SP poor appetite, edema, diarrhea, profuse leukorrhea. ~ Facilitates the resolution of dampness & unblocks Bi wind-damp, damp, heat Bi. Esp good for increasing joint mobility & reducing spasms in chronic cases. ~ Clears heat & expels pus for soft, postulated carbuncles, LU or Intestinal abscess pneumonia, appendicitis. **Strengthens SP & stops diarrhea, clears heat & expels pus, in addition it is also a good food** ~ Clears heat, expels phlegm, & promotes the discharge of pus heat that has collected in the LU or Intestines, LU Heat w/ thick yellow sputum. Also damp-heat w/ phlegm obstruction in the upper or lower jiao LU or Intestinal abscess pneumonia, appendicitis. ~ Clears heat & drains dampness esp useful in treating damp-heat leukorrhea. ~ Promotes urination & unblocks painful urinary dribbling for painful urinary dribbling w/ damp-heat in the UB, rough, painful urination. UTI Lin (painful urinary disorder). Edema, ascites. ~ Promotes urination & drains heat from HT via the SI clears HT Fire guides fire down & out through the urine. ~ Promotes lactation & unblocks the blood vessels for insufficient lactation from Excess blocking channels. Also sometimes for amenorrhea, pain & stiffness of the joints (unblocks Bi) heat & damp obstruction causing aches & pain. **contraindicated during pregnancy** ~ Promotes urination & clears heat for damp-heat urinary dribbling. Usually a helper. Milder than Mu Tong. *Prevents over-draining & damaging Yin dehydration can happen w/ use of Mu Tong, but not Tong Cao. ~ Promotes lactation in cases where it is insufficient or absent opens channels to allow milk to come out. Much safer than Mu Tong & almost tasteless.

Yi Yi Ren
Barley Seeds

L U S P S T K D

Dong Gui Zi
Winter Melon Seed

Swee t Cold

Mu Tong
wood open *Caution Pregnanc

Bitte r Sl. cold

L U S T LI SI U B H T SI

Tong Cao
open herb Rice paper plant pith

Swee t Blan d Sl. cold

L U S T

Deng Xin Cao


Rush Pith oil lantern HT herb

Swee t Blan d Sl. cold

H T L U SI

Qu Mai
Dianthus Street Wheat *CI Pregnancy

Bitte r Cold

U B H T SI U B K D

**Contraindicated during pregnancy, popular for women who are breastfeeding** ~ Promotes urination & unblocks painful urinary dribbling for hot painful urinary dribbling or other heat disorders w/ dark, scanty urine. Lin syndrome, UTI. Damp-heat blockage mild cases. ~ Clears HT & directs Fire downward moves HT heat down into the SI & out through the urine. For Mild HT Fire. Childhood sleep disorders accompanied by dark scanty urine, irritability, esp at night can be used alone for this. Also for adults w/ insomnia or restless sleep due to lack of communication between HT & KD (HT Fire & KD Yin def. **Best for promoting urination, leaching out dampness as well as clearing heat from HT channel; used to treat Re Lin w/ irritable, insomnia due to HT & KD disharmony** ~ Clears damp-heat, promotes urination, & unblocks painful urinary dribbling any type of painful urinary dribbling, esp painful bloody urinary dribbling. Blood in urine. ~ Breaks up blood stasis auxiliary herb for amenorrhea due to blood stasis.

Di Fu Zi
Earth Skin Seed Kochia Fruit

Swee t Bitte r Cold

Bian Xu
Knotgrass sideways accumulation

Bitte r Sl. cold

U B

Shi Wei
Pyrrosia Leaf rock animal skin

Che Qian Zi
wagon in front seed *Caution Pregnanc

Bitte r Swee t Sl. cold Swee t Cold

U B L U

U B K D L V L U

Dong Kui Zi
Winter Vegetable Seed *Caution Pregnanc

Swee t Cold

U B LI SI

Bi Xie
Tokoro Fish-poison Yam Rhizome

Bitte r Neut ral

U B L V S T

~ Clears damp-heat & promotes urination for painful urinary dribbling due to damp-heat accumulating in UB w/ dark, burning, scanty urine. Damp-Heat Lin. ~ Expels dampness & stops itching internal & external use for damp skin disorders & other dermatological problems where itching is a major symptom. Eczema, scabies. Damp-heat in external genitals. **All these herbs can clear damp heat from LV/GB to treat jaundice (Yin Chen Hao, Jin Qian Cao, Chi Xiao Dou) except Di Fu Zi. More effective for treating skin disease** ~ Clears damp-heat from UB, promotes urination, & unblocks painful urinary dribbling for damp-heat Lin. ~ Expels parasites & stops itching for damp skin lesions w/ itching, including tinea, intestinal parasites such as tapeworm, hookworm, & pinworm. Roundworm. Used as a wash for itching genital area, eczema. **Functions of Bian Xu: promotes urination, reduces swelling, kills parasites & stops itchiness** ~ Clears damp-heat & unblocks painful urinary dribbling (Lin) **for stone Lin, damp-heat Lin, bloody urine ~ Clears heat & stops bleeding for blood in urine from stones, bleeding due to chaotic movement of hot blood, esp in cases of vomiting blood, uterine bleeding, & painful bloody urinary dribbling ~ Clears LU, expels phlegm, & stops cough LU heat cough & wheezing, thick yellow sputum, bronchitis. ~ Clears heat, promotes urination & unblocks Lin for Lin, blocked UB, dampheat in UB, all types of water retention everywhere, anywhere edema, swollen joints ~ Drains dampness & solidifies stools for loose stools from dampness. Eliminates damp through urination & stools become better formed. ~ Cools LV & clears eyes excess LV painful, red, swollen eyes. LV Blood Def dry, blurred vision, sensitive to wind. Can help both Excess & Def. eye problems ~ Transforms phlegm & stops coughing cough w/ lots of sputum stops cough, dissolves phlegm **Used to treat edema. Lin syndromes & diarrhea due to damp heat, & it is good for clearing LV & benefiting eyes** ~ Clears heat, promotes urination & unblocks Lin similar to Che Qian Zi, but has more oil & is very slippery. ~ Promotes lactation opens blocked channels for stagnation related insufficient lactation ~ Moistens the Intestines & unblocks the bowels helps moisten intestines constipation due to insufficient fluids in the Intestines. **Should be used to treat difficulty of urination (dysuria), constipation w/ dry stool** **Contraindicated during pregnancy** ~ Separates pure from turbid resolves turbid dampness in lower jiao causing cloudy urine or leukorrhea. Can be used for Deficiency or damp-heat. *cloudy Lin, *Leukorrhea ~ Expels wind-dampness, relaxes sinews, & unblocks collaterals for winddamp or damp-heat Bi w/ low-back pain, numbness or stiffness of lower extremities, muscle spasms. Mild effect. ~ Clears damp-heat from the skin for damp-heat skin lesions eczema, pustular sores. **For promoting urination & draining heat from the UB in Lin Syndromes, it is the

Chi Xiao Dou


Red / Adzuki Beans

Swee t Sour Neut ral

H T SI

Ze Xie
Water Plantain Selective Drains

Swee t Blan d Cold

K D U B

Yin Chen Hao


Virgate Wormwood

Bitte r Sl. cold

Jin Qian Cao


Lysimachia Good money herb

Swee t Salty Sl. cold

L V S P G B S T U B G B K D L V

primary herb used to resolve turbid dampness in the Lower Jiao, such as Cloudy urine or leukorrhea** ~ Promotes urination & reduces edema abdominal swelling & fullness due to edema, urinary difficulty, leg qi edema. Directs Qi down & relieves edema by causing the water or dampness to be drained from the body. ~ Facilitates the resolution of dampness & heat for mild cases of jaundice due to damp-heat. Often use for children. ~ Disperses blood stasis, reduces swelling & reduces fire toxicity for sores, carbuncles, furuncles. **Is also a food to be used to treat edema & ascites due to nephritis, cirrhosis, & nutritional impairment. Also used to treat hot sores** ~ Promotes urination & leaches out dampness for stagnation associated w/ dampness w/ difficult urination, edema, painful urinary dribbling, diarrhea, dizziness. Esp good when there is damp-heat in lower jiao. ~ Settles ministerial fire in the KD by draining damp-heat from the lower jiao (Drains KD Fire) for KD Yin Def. Will not over-drain the Yin, can cool KD system & extinguish Fire. For spermatorrhea due to lower burner damp-heat disturbing the ministerial fire of the KD. **Promotes urination, leaches out Dampness & drains KD Fire, used to treat dizziness, tinnitus** ~ Clears heat, resolves dampness, & reduces jaundice *the principle herb for treating jaundice due to either damp-heat or cold-dampness. ~ Clears heat & facilitates the resolution of dampness for damp sores, wind rashes, other skin diseases, esp those affecting the lower parts of the body. Can be used along as an external wash **Best for treating Lin syndromes, esp for Re Lin & Shi Lin. Also it can treat cough & wheezing due to LU Heat.** ~ Promotes urination, unblocks painful urinary dribbling, & expels urinary tract stones - **Main herb for Stones in urinary tract KD, bladder, GB stones. Stone Lin. Can be used alone in large doses for this. ~ Clears damp-heat in LV & GB & expels gallstones for jaundice &/or red, swollen eyes due to damp-heat as well as gallstones ~ Resolves toxicity & swelling for snakebite, abscess, & traumatic injury. Fresh herb applied locally.

Aromatic Herbs that Transform Damp


Huo Xiang
Patchouli Bean Aroma

Spicy Sl. warm

L U S P S T

Pei Lan
Eupatorium

Spicy Neutr al

S P S T

Hou Po
Magnolia Bark *Caution Pregnancy

Bitter Spicy Warm

LI L U S P S T

Cang Zhu
Atractylodes Rhizome

Spicy Bitter Warm

S P S T

Cao Dou Kou


Katsumadas Galangal seeds

Spicy Warm Arom atic

S P S T

~ Aromatically transforms dampness, releases the exterior, & dispels summer-heat for dampness obstructing the middle jiao as well as summer-heat dampness & dampwarmth. Very aromatic Qi is very dynamic & moves strongly & quickly. Abdominal fullness, reduced appetite, change of BM, fatigue, heaviness. ~ Harmonizes the middle jiao & stops vomiting for nausea or vomiting due to dampness in middle jiao. Also for other types of vomiting, morning sickness when combined. Diarrhea, loose stools, nausea, vomiting, belching ~ Treats dermatosis affecting either the hands or feet ~ Aromatically transforms dampness, awakens the SP & regulates the middle for dampness obstructing the middle Jiao. Stifling sensation in chest, poor appetite, nausea, white moist tongue fur. Doesnt cause dryness b/c neutral can also be used for damp-heat in SP channel w/ sweet, sticky taste in mouth, excessive saliva,& bad breath. ~ Transforms dampness & releases summer-heat exterior summer-heat dampness w/ nausea. Similar to Huo Xiang are a pair & often used together. **Huo Xiang is very good for treating blocked nose & Pei Lan isnt, but is good at treating foul breath. Chills, fever, chest fullness, abd. fullness, no appetite, BM change, etc. **Best for Cold condition due to Summer-heat & dampness. Such symptoms as fever, aversion to cold, abd. distention, vomiting & diarrhea Huo Xiang, Pei Lan** ~ Promotes the movement of qi in the middle jiao & resolves stagnation for qi stag. affecting SP & ST, food stagnation w/ chest &/or abd. distention & fullness. Important herb for reducing & eliminating distention & fullness & can be used whenever these symptoms occur due to qi stagnation. J. Su plum pit qi, constipation. ~ Promotes the movement of qi downward, dries dampness, & transforms phlegm dampness & phlegm obstructing middle jiao. Distention, fullness, nausea, diarrhea, turbid greasy tongue fur. ~ Directs Qi downward, reduces phlegm, & calms wheezing cough, wheezing due to phlegm clogging LU **In aromatic herbs that transforms Dampness, is also used for food stagnation** ~ Strongly dries dampness & strengthens the SP dampness obstructing middle jiao, blocking transportive function of SP. reduced appetite, diarrhea, epigastric distention & pressure, fatigue, nausea, vomiting, thick greasy tongue fur. ~ Induces sweating & dispels wind-dampness for exterior conditions due to wind-cold-damp as well as wind-dampness. Chills, fever, headache, body aches, nasal congestion. ~ Clears dampness from the lower jiao leg qi, atrophy disorder, vaginal discharge, swollen, sore joints. Very effective at drying dampness. Can be used for damp-heat if combined w/ clear heat herbs. ~ Improves the vision night blindness, diminished vision w/ rough sensation in eyes. Dry eyes, poor vision. ** A patient has epigastric distention, nausea & vomiting, body soreness w/o sweating, back & knee pain due to Wind Cold. Which is most effective? Cang Zhu** ~ Dries dampness & warms the middle cold-dampness of SP & ST w/ fullness, distention, & pain in epigastrum & abdomen w/ vomiting & diarrhea. **Treats rebellious ST Qi due to cold vomiting, hiccups, nausea, pale tongue, slow pulse, watery vomit.

Cao Guo
Tsoko Fruit Medicine Fruit

Spicy Warm

S P S T

Sha Ren
Amomum Fruit Grains of paradise Fruit

Spicy Warm Arom atic

S P S T

Also heaviness, loss of appetite** ~ Strongly dries dampness & dispels cold for cold-dampness obstructing SP & ST w/ epigastric & abdominal distention, fullness, & pain w/ vomiting & diarrhea & very greasy tongue fur. Poor digestion, poor appetite, loose stools. ~ Checks malarial disorders alternating chills & fever esp when due to cold-damp or turbid dampness. Headache, body aches, fever, alternating chills & fever. ~ Dissolves stagnation & distention indigestion due to meat stagnation. Focal distention & nausea due to cold from deficiency of SP & ST. **Which herb that is spicy & warm in property, enters ST & SP is used to treat damp-cold obstruction in the middle jiao & Malaria Cao Guo** ~ Promotes the movement of qi, transforms dampness & strengthens the SP for qi stag. affecting the SP & ST or symptoms of obstruction by dampness. Distention & pain in the epigastrum & abdomen, lack of appetite, vomiting, & diarrhea. ~ Warms the middle & stops diarrhea for diarrhea from SP cold. Deficiency cold of SP or Excess cold in ST abdominal pain that likes pressure if Def, likes pressure if Excess. ~ Calms the fetus morning sickness due to restless fetus. **particularly good for restless fetus caused by Qi Stagnation b/c Sha Ren moves Qi. Very gentle & safe. **Which is used to calm the fetus Sha Ren**

Warm the Interior & Expel Cold


Fu Zi
Aconite touch child *CI Pregnancy

Spicy Hot Toxic

H T K D S P

Gan Jiang
Dried Ginger *Caution Pregnancy

Spicy Hot

H T L U S P S T

~ Revives the Yang & rescues from rebellion/collapse for devastated Yang w/ abundant Cold. Diarrhea w/ undigested food, chills, cold extremities, fain or almost imperceptible pulse. Often happens after severe vomiting, diarrhea, or sweating. Assists HT Yang & unblocks the vessels to improve circulation, & tonifies KD Yang to augment the fire & avoid loss of primal Yang. Cloudy unclear mind, loss of consciousness. ~ Warms the fire & assists the Yang for weakness or deficiency of HT, SP, or KD Yang. Interior cold & insufficient yang. Early morning diarrhea, impotence, infertility, irreg. menstruation, miscarriage, freq. urination ~ Disperses cold, warms the channels & A.P. for wind-cold-damp Bi, esp. when cold predominates. Also for cold blocking organs, channels, sinews, bones, blood vessels, or for Yin flat abscesses. **NOT function of Fu Zi clear heat, dry dampness, & regulate Qi** ~ Warms the middle & expels cold for warming SP & ST for excess due to externally-contracted cold, also for cold from Deficiency due to insufficiency of Yang qi. Also dispels wind & dampness that seep into lower jiao ~ Rescues devastated Yang & expels interior cold very weak pulse, cold limbs Yang collapse. ~ Warms LU & transforms thin mucous for LU cold w/ expectoration of thin, watery or white sputum ~ Warms channels & stops bleeding cold from Def. that might cause hemorrhage, esp. uterine bleeding. Used in treating hemorrhage only if the bleeding is chronic & pale in color, accompanied w/ cold limbs, ashen

Rou Gui
Cinnamon Bark *Caution Pregnancy

Spicy Swee t Hot

H T K D L V S P

Wu Zhu Yu
Evodia Fruit

Spicy Bitter Hot Sl. toxic

L V S P S T

Chuan (Hua) Jiao


Sichuan Pepper *Caution Pregnancy

Spicy Hot Sl. toxic

Ding Xiang
Clove

Spicy War m

Xiao Hui Xiang


Fennel

Spicy War m

Gao Liang Jiang


Galangal Rhizome Related to Ginger

Spicy Hot

K D S P S T K D S P S T L V K D S P S T S P S T S T

white face, & soggy thin pulse. **NOT Gan Jiangs functions Quells channels Heat & stops bleeding** **Contraindicated w/ Internal Heat, Yin Def. Heat** ~ Fortifies KD & SP Yang, warms the HT Yang & fortifies the Yang for insufficiency of KD Yang aversion to cold, cold limbs, weak back, impotence, urinary frequency. Insufficient SP & KD Yang abd. pain & cold, reduced appetite, diarrhea. Wheezing due to failure of KD to grasp Qi. Def. HT Yang causing chest Bi. ~ Disperses deep cold, warms the channels, unblocks the channels & vessels, & A.P deep cold causing Qi stag. or blood stasis. Amenorrhea, dysmenorrhea, cold-damp Bi, chronic sores, sores or abscesses that dont heal. Can enhance blood moving action of other herbs. ~ Leads the fire back to the source the principal herb used for treating upward floating of deficient Yang. Flushed face, wheezing, severe sweating, weak & cold lower limbs, deficient pulse. False Heat / True Cold, Heat above/cold below. Upper body hot & lower body cold ~ Encourages the generation of qi & blood chronic def. of qi & blood. Auxiliary herb used w/ qi & blood tonics **Has the function of tonifying Ming Men fire, expelling cold, warming channels, it is also good for treating chronic Yin sores & ulcers w/ clear discharge** ~ Warms the middle, disperses cold, promotes the movement of qi, & A.P. for LV & ST channel disorders due to congealing of cold or phlegm. Headache, epigastric pain w/ nausea, drooling, reduced taste, pale tongue, wiry or weak pulse. Cold bulging disorders in area traversed by LV channel, dysmenorrhea. ~ Redirects rebellious qi downward & stops vomiting acid reflux w/ vomiting. Either hot or cold. ~ Warms the SP, stops diarrhea, expels cold-dampness diarrhea due to cold from Def. of SP & KD, & cold-damp leg qi. ~ Leads fire downward sores in mouth & on tongue. Ground into powder, mixed w/ vinegar & put on the center of the soles of the feet. **For headaches, abd pain, nausea, acid regurgitation, diarrhea & hernia due to Yang Def. w/ coldness, one of the most common herbs is Wu Zhu Yu** **A patient has flank pain for 2 days w/ headache, epigastric pain w/ nausea, drooling, decreased taste, pale tongue, wiry or weak pulse, regurgitation of sour fluid, also pinworms. Wu Zhu Yu is best** ~ Warms the middle burner, disperses cold, & A.P. for SP or ST cold from Def. cold & pain in abdomen, vomiting, diarrhea ~ Kills parasites & alleviates abdominal pain abdominal pain due to roundworms **Which of the following herbs is best for warming the middle jiao, alleviating pain & killing intestinal roundworms** ~ Warms the middle jiao & directs rebellious qi downward for ST cold w/ vomiting, hiccups, abd. pain, diarrhea. For SP or ST cold from Def. w/ lack of appetite, vomiting, & diarrhea. ~ Warms the KD & aids the Yang impotence, clear vaginal discharge due to KD Yang Def. (manifestation of cold womb from deficiency & usually accompanied by weakness of legs) ~ Disperses cold, warms the LV & KD, and stops pain used to warm & encourage the LV channel or lower jiao, as in cold bulging disorders or any kind of lower abd. pain due to cold. ~ Regulates the Qi & harmonizes the ST for ST cold w/ abd. pain, indigestion, reduced appetite, vomiting. **Best for warming KD, smoothing LV Qi, used to treat abd. pain & distention, vomiting, hernia pain due to LV Qi stagnation & coldness** ~ Warms the middle & A.P. for epigastric & abd. pain, vomiting, hiccups, diarrhea due to cold in middle jiao.

Bi Ba
Long Pepper

Spicy Hot

~ Warms the middle, disperses cold from the ST & Intestines, & A.P. for cold congealing & leading to qi

Fruit

LI

Hu Jiao
Pepper *CI Pregnancy

Spicy Hot Spicy War m

Bi Cheng Qie
Cubeb Fruit

LI S T S P S T K D U B

stagnation in the epigastrum & abdomen. Nausea, vomiting, belching, acid reflux, loss of appetite, abd. pain ST cold = epigastric pain, vomiting. LI cold = abdominal pain, diarrhea ~ Applied as a powder for toothache, often w/ Hu Jiao **Bi Ba & Bi Cheng Qie are very similar in functions, but the main difference is: Bi Ba powder is topically applied for toothache, but Bi Chen Qie treats cold hernia pain & cloudy urine due to damp-cold** ~ Warms the middle & disperses cold for ST cold w/ vomiting, diarrhea, abd. pain ~ Warms the middle & stops pain for epigastric & abdominal cold & pain, vomiting, belching, hiccups ~ Dispels cold qi from the Bladder urinary dysfunction or turbid/cloudy urine due to cold from deficiency of the lower burner. **Cloudy urine

Regulate Qi
Chen Pi
Aged Tangerine Peel Old Skin

Spicy Bitter Warm Aromat ic

L U S P S T

Ju Hong
Red part of Tangerine Peel tangerine red

Spicy Bitter Warm

L U S T

Ju Luo
Tangerine Net

Bitter Neutral Sweet

Ju He
Tangerine Seeds

Bitter Neutral

L V L U S P L V K D G B L V S T

Qing Pi
Unripe Tangerine Peel green skin/peel

Bitter Spicy Warm

~ Regulates Qi, adjusts the middle, & relieves the diaphragm for SP & ST Qi stag. w/ epigastric or abd. distention, fullness, bloating, belching, nausea, vomiting. Helps promote the movement of Qi in general while specifically directing it downward. Commonly used for many types of nausea & vomiting. ~ Dries dampness & transforms phlegm phlegm-damp cough w/ stifling sensation in chest &/or diaphragm, copious, viscous sputum. Also damp turbidity obstructing middle w/ stifling sensation in chest, abd. distention, loss of appetite, fatigue, loose stools, thick greasy tongue fur. Important Qi level herb for SP & LU channels. ~ Helps prevent stagnation used w/ tonifying herbs to prevent their cloying nature from causing stagnation. ~ J. Su Strengthens SP & harmonies the center SP Def. creates a better environment for SP, moves Qi & dries dampness. *very good for Excess, also used for Def. can use alone as a tea. Overuse will move/disperse qi too much & make patient weak, careful for patients w/ very weak Qi. **NOT functions of Chen Pi Smooth LV Qi, breaks up Qi stag.** *spicier & stronger, more drying & aromatic than Chen Pi, but less effective for harmonizing the middle & regulating SP & ST. Used primarily for vomiting & belching for Excess. ~ Regulates Qi & expends the chest while drying dampness & transforming phlegm & reducing food stagnation cough w/ profuse sputum, food stag. or accumulation as long as no significant signs of heat. ~ J. Su Regulates ST Qi vomiting, nausea better at Chen Pi at regulating ST ~ Transforms phlegm, regulates Qi, unblocks meridians & collaterals best for stagnation in meridian system (is the network of the tangerine symbolic). Phlegm stag in channels, collaterals, cough w/ chest & flank pain. Really effective for distention in the vessels of the LU due to rebellion of Wei qi. J. Su nodules, cysts, breast cysts, cough, wheezing w/ lots of mucous ~ Promotes movement of Qi, dissipates clumps, & stops pain stagnation in lower body. Inguinal hernia, testicular swelling & pain, breast cysts, nodules. Internal & external for acute mastitis. *Should be crushed b4 using. *more aggressive than Chen Pi, not aromatic, used for Excess very powerful. Can weaken Qi, use caution. ~ Spreads LV Qi & breaks up stagnation for LV Qi Stag w/ distention & pain in chest, breast, hypochondrium regions, or bulging disorder pain. Also depression, serious PMS, bad hernia. ~ Dissipates clumps & reduces stagnation food stagnation w/ accumulation & pain, distention, stifling sensation in epigastrum. Severe food stagnation, masses stag. qi progresses to blood stasis.

Zhi Shi
Unripe Bitter Orange *Caution Pregnancy

Bitter Spicy Sl. cold

LI S P S T

Zhi Ke
Bitter Orange

Bitter Spicy Sl. cold Spicy Sl. bitter Sl. sweet Neutral

Xiang Fu
Cyperus smells good attached

S P S T LI L V SJ G B

**Which of the following herbs has the strongest effect for breast lump & abd. bloating due to LV Qi Stag?** *Energy of Zhi Shi goes down guides Qi down. Trad. used for uterus, ST, rectum prolapse w/ qi tonics. ~ Breaks up stagnant Qi & reduces accumulation epigastric or abd. pain & distention or indigestion w/ focal distention or gas. Works well w/ Zhi Ke. ~ Transforms phlegm & expels focal distention focal distention & fullness in chest & epigastrum due to phlegm obstruction. Unblocks Bi chest pain, mucous, cough. ~ Also used w/ qi tonifying herbs for gastriectasis, gastroptosis, rectal prolapse, uterine prolapse. ~ Raises blood pressure** **Spicy, bitter, sl. cold. Can be used to treat food stagnation, dysentery w/ tenesmus due to Qi stag. & phlegm obstruction in the focal area** ~ Promotes the flow of Qi Qi Stag. leading to problems in the flow of Qi cough, distention, constipation. *Milder than Zhi Shi b/c mature fruit. Abdominal fullness, food stagnation, poor digestion. ~ Spreads & regulates LV Qi for LV Qi Stag. w/ hypochondriac pain, epigastric distention, disharmony of LV & SP. Neutral quality makes it very useful. Also its ability to disperse & harmonize ~ Regulates menstruation & A.P. for gyno. Disorders w/ dysmenorrhea, irregular menstruation. *J. Su Moves Blood & regulates menses very important womens herb any menstrual problems. **Good for regulating LV Qi & menstruation. Very popular to be used for treating irregular menses & dysmen.** ~ Promotes movement of Qi & stops pain SP or ST Qi Stag. w/ poor appetite, feeling of food sitting in ST, epigastric or abdominal pain or distention, nausea, vomiting. Also for LV or GB Qi Stag. w/ flank pain, distention, soreness. ~ Adjusts & regulates stagnant Qi in the Intestines diarrhea, dysenteric disorder, abd. pain, tenesmus. Astringent property makes it great for tenesmus. ~ Strengthens SP & prevents stagnation used w/ tonifying herbs to ameliorate their side effects. Esp. useful when the transformative & transportive functions of SP are weak. *Used w/ tonifying herbs to keep Qi moving when treating Qi Def. **Tian Xiang, Mu Xiang, & Chen Xiang are spicy & warm; to be used to move Qi, alleviate pain. Characteristic of Tian Xiang prefers rising up for treating Qi stag. in upper Jiao; Mu Xiang prefers moving in the middle Jiao for regulating ST TRUE** ~ Promotes the movement of Qi & A.P. for stifling sensation in chest, flank pain, epigastric & abdominal pain & distention due to Cold & Qi Stag. Warms & disperses, is effecting in spreading & unblocking. *Smoothes the flow of Qi, facilitates the middle, disperses cold, & stops pain in many areas. Cold accum. & Qi Stag. manifesting in lower abdominal pain, bulging disorders, menstrual pain. ~ Warms KD for urinary frequency or incontinence due to insufficiency of KD Yang & Cold from Def. of UB. **Good for moving Qi & A.P., warming the KD & expelling Cold. Used for treating freq. urination & bedwetting** ~ Promotes the movement of Qi & A.P. distention, pain, or pressure in epigastric or abdominal region. Esp. good for problems due to Cold from Deficiency or Blood Stasis. ~ Directs rebellious Qi down & regulates the middle rebellious qi wheezing from Excess or Def., vomiting, belching, hiccups due to Cold from Def. of ST or SP. Guides ST Qi down. Often w/ Chen Pi. ~ Aids the KD in grasping Qi for asthma, wheezing due to KD Def. Shortness of breath, cant take in deep breath. **Best to treat fullness in abd., shortness of breath, cough & wheezing due to KD Yang Def. w/ Cold, & KD failure to grasp Qi. Best to treat fullness in abdomen, shortness of breath due to KD Def., cough w/ copious sputum**

Mu Xiang
Costus Root wood smells/tastes good

Spicy Bitter Warm

G B LI S P S T SJ

Wu Yao
Lindera Root dark/black medicine

Spicy Warm

U B K D L U S P

Chen Xiang
Aquilaria Wood Aloeswood smells/tastes good

Spicy Bitter Warm Aromat ic

K D S P S T

Tan Xiang
Sandalwood

Spicy Warm Aromat ic Spicy Bitter Warm

Xie Bai
Garlic Chives, Chinese Garlic

L U S P S T LI L U S T

~ Promotes movement of Qi & A.P. pain associated w/ Qi Stag. in chest & abdomen. Chest pain, LU Qi stagnation/congestion, epigastric pain. ~ Recently used in treatment of coronary artery disease

Fo Shou
Finger Citron Fruit Buddhas Hand

Spicy Bitter Warm

L V L U S T S P

Chuan Lian Zi
Toosendan Fruit Sichuan Chinaberry

Bitter Cold Sl. toxic

U B L V SI S T

Shi Di
Persimmon Calyx

Bitter Astring ent Neutral

L U S T

~ Unblocks the Yang Qi & disperses turbid phlegm cold-damp Bi of chest due to Cold, turbid phlegm stagnating in chest & preventing dissemination & flow of Yang Qi. Chest, flank, upper back pain, dyspnea, cough, wheezing, stifling sensation in the chest. ~ Directs Qi down & reduces stagnation for damp stagnation in LI assoc. w/ dysenteric disorders **Most appropriate for Chest Bi syndrome w/ Cold phlegm obstruction in chest, chest/flank pain, shortness of breath. Most appropriate for patient w/ chest/flank or upper back pain, dyspnea, blood obstructing HT channel & flow of Yang Qi** ~ Spreads & regulates LV Qi LV Qi Stag. w/ chest or hypochondriac pain or stifling sensation in chest. *Strongly promotes movement of Qi, but doesnt alleviate pain well weak function. Not as strong as Qing Pi Emotional symptoms, hypochondriac pain ~ Harmonizes the ST & strengthens SP for SP & ST Qi Stag. w/ epigastric pain, fullness, distention, lack of appetite, belching &/or vomiting. ~ Transforms phlegm & stops cough sub-acute or chronic cough w/ copious phlegm. Esp. good for stubborn cough w/ chest pain. Phlegm transforming action is rather weak, not used in treatment of early stages of externally contracted coughs. *Not as strong as Chen Pi at transforming phlegm. Qing Pi is stronger at smoothing the LV. ~ Dredges LV Qi, releases constraint, stops pain, & conducts heat out from below for a variety of LV Qi Stag. symptoms. Pain in chest & ribs, distention & pain from LV/ST disharmony, bulging disorders. Most Useful for problems involving Heat, but b/c so effective is also used for Cold. ~ Kills parasites & stops pain for roundworms & tapeworms. Not great at expelling parasites, but able to alleviate pain associated w/ accumulation of parasites. Also used topically as powder for dermatitis of scalp. **Can not only regulate Qi & stop pain, but can also kill parasites & treat skin diseases** ~ Directs Qi down & stops hiccups for belching or hiccups due to ST dysfunction. For both Hot & Cold patterns. Also vomiting, nausea.

Remove Food Stagnation


Shan Zha
Crataegus Fruit Hawthorn Fruit *Large doses CI Pregnancy

Sour Sweet Sl. warm

L V S P S T

Mai Ya
Barley Sprouts *CI during lactation

Sweet Neutr al

L V S P S T

Gu Ya
Grain Sprouts Millet

Sweet Warm

S P S T S P S T

Shen Qu
Medicated Leaven

Sweet Spicy Warm

Jie Nei Jin


Chicken Gizzard Lining

Sweet Neutr al

U B SI S P S T

~ Reduces food stagnation & transforms accumulation - *for accumulation due to meat or greasy foods w/ abdominal distention, pain, diarrhea, vomiting ~ Transforms Blood Stasis & dissipates clumps postpartum abdominal pain & clumps due to blood stasis. Also for bulging disorders. *J.Su Trad. used for womens health insufficient uterus discharge after childbirth, dysmenorrhea. *Lowers cholesterol, treats HT disease, used as weight loss product **When treating food stagnation, esp. indigestion of meat, abd. bloating, pain & diarrhea, best to use Shan Zha** **Among the herbs that help relieve food stag., Which of the following herbs is effective for invigorating the blood & moving blood stasis Shan Zha** ~ Reduces food stagnation & strengthens ST for poor digestion due to stagnation & accumulation of starchy foods, as well as poorly digested milk in infants. Also for weak digestion & loss of appetite in SP Def. Strengthening function weak. ~ Restrains lactation for women discontinuing nursing, distended & painful breasts. Large dose 60-120 gr. ~ Facilitates the smooth flow of LV Qi stifling sensation & distention in epigastrum or ribs, belching, loss of appetite. Helper for this. **Dissolves food stagnation, strengthens SP & restrains lactation. Mai Ya can not only relieve food stagnation, harmonize the middle Jiao, but can also: Inhibit lactation** ~ Reduces food stagnation & strengthens ST for poor digestion due to stagnation & accumulation of starchy foods. Also for weak digestion & loss of appetite associated w/ SP Def. ~ J. Su Nourishes ST & strengthens SP speeds up absorbing of tonifying herbs. Poor appetite, weak SP, ST ~ Reduces food stagnation & harmonizes the ST for ST Cold w/ food stagnation or accumulation, epigastric & abdominal fullness or distention, loss of appetite, borborygmus, diarrhea. ~ Also added to pills that contain minerals to aid in their digestion & absorption ~J. Su Strengthens SP & harmonizes ST can protect SP for use w/ hard to digest materials such as animal bones, minerals, shells, metals ~ Strongly reduces food stagnation & improves SPs transportive function various types of food stag. Used alone for mild cases. Usually dry fried & powdered. Childhood nutritional impairment. ~ Secures Essence & stops enuresis for bed-wetting, urinary frequency, urination at night ~ Transforms hardness & dissolves stones stones in urinary or biliary tract. GB, bladder, KD stones. Treats symptoms of stones. **Reduces food stagnation, transforms accumulation, secures the essence,

Lai Fu Zi
Radish Seed Raphanus

Spicy Sweet Neutr al

L U S P S T

transforms hardness & dissolves stones** ~ Reduces food stagnation & eliminates distention for food stag. accumulation in middle jiao w/ fullness & distention, belching w/ rotten smell, acid reflux, abd. pain w/ diarrhea ~ Causes Qi to descend & reduces phlegm for chronic productive cough or wheezing. Due to Excess. ~ Recently used for hypertension **Reduces food stagnation, transforms accumulation, descends Qi & reduces phlegm**

Expel Parasites
Shi Jun Zi
Rangood Creeper Fruit w/ seeds

Sweet Warm

S P S T

Ku Lian Gen Pi
Chinaberry Bark *CI Pregnancy

Bitter Cold Toxic

L V S P S T LI L U S T

Fei Zi
Torreya Seeds beautiful pattern seed

Sweet Neutr al

~ Kills parasites roundworms & pinworms. Can be used alone for mild cases. ~ Strengthens the SP & dissolves accumulation childhood nutritional impairment, abdominal distention, poor appetite, weak constitution. Sweetness makes it really good for children. **Which herb that kills worms is used esp. for treating roundworms & childhood nutritional impairment?** **Major side effects of using too much Shi Jun Zi: nausea, vomiting, & dizziness** ~ Kills parasites roundworms, hookworms, pinworms, also vaginal Trichomonas infection. Pretty strong & effective can be used alone. ~ Used topically to treat tinea infection either as a wash or ground into a powder & made into a thick paste w/ vinegar. **Which of the following herbs for killing parasites not only can be used for roundworms, hookworms & pinworms, but also for vaginal trichomonas infections & tinea? Ku Lian Gen Pi** ~ Kills parasites & reduces accumulation wide variety of intestinal parasites tapeworms, pinworms, hookworms, roundworms, fasciolopsis flukes. Nontoxic & doesnt harm ST Qi. Has slight laxative effect. Can be used alone. ~ Moistens the Intestines & unblocks the bowels for constipation, esp. w/ hemorrhoids. Can be taken alone, dry-fried & eaten. ~ Moistens the LU & stops cough for mild coughs due to dry LU **Which herb kills parasites, moistens LU, & stops cough? Fei Zi**

He Shi
Carpesium Fruit Crane Flea *Caution Pregnanc

Lei Wan
Omphalia fruiting Body fungus thunder storm ball

Bitter Spicy Neutr al Sl. toxic Bitter Cold Sl. toxic

S P S T LI S T

~ Kills parasites & A.P. for many disorders due to intestinal parasites, but primarily for abdominal pain caused by roundworms, pinworms, hookworms, or tapeworms. *Primarily used for pain caused by parasites

Wu Yi
Elm Cake

Bitter Spicy Warm Sweet Neutr al Spicy Sl. warm

Nan Gui Zi
Pumpkin Seeds

S P S T LI S T LI SI S P S T

~ Kills parasites primarily for tapeworms, also for hookworm & roundworm ~ Opens up areas of stagnation & reduces childhood nutritional impairment childhood nutritional impairment, esp. if accompanied w/ intestinal parasites. ~ Clears heat, resolves dampness, unblocks the Yang Organs, kills bugs for wind-rashes or urticaria when accompanied by damp-heat in Intestines & ST *J. Su has an enzyme that cuts off tapeworm ~ Kills parasites for expelling roundworms & tapeworms. Often used in childhood nutritional impairment or abdominal pain & accumulation due to parasites. ~ Also used topically for tinea infections ~ Expels parasites & A.P. for tapeworms & roundworms. Used alone for this. Also used for schistosomiasis. ~ Also used for insufficient lactation w/ swollen hands & feet imbalance of body fluid *In Regulate Qi category in Bensky ~ Drives Qi downward & eases the middle for patterns of dampness or other process obstructing the middle & leading to Qi Stag. w/ epigastric & abdominal distention, focal distention & stifling sensation, belching w/ acid regurgitation. Esp. useful when accompanied by incomplete & irregular bowel movements. ~ Promotes urination & reduces edema for abdominal distention w/ edema, esp superficial edema, or symptoms of food stagnation. Also for damp leg qi. *doesnt kill parasites but can help w/ abdominal pain & help regulate BM ~ Kills parasites best for treating tapeworms, also useful in killing a wide variety of intestinal parasites including fasciolopsis, pinworms, & roundworms, as well as blood flukes. Ability to drain downward help in expelling the bodies of parasites. ~ Promotes movement of Qi, reduces accumulation, & leads stagnation out by mildly draining downward & unblocking the bowels food accumulation & stagnant Qi w/ abdominal distention, constipation, tenesmus ~ Promotes the movement of Qi & promotes urination damp leg qi & edema due to Excess ~ Also used for malarial disorder **Which herb kills parasites, moves the Qi & promotes urination? Bing Lang**

Da Fu Pi
Areca Husk/shell big abdomen skin

Bing Lang
Araeca, betel nut The nut inside Da Fu Pi

Spicy Bitter Warm

LI S T

Stop Bleeding
Pu Huang
Cattail Pollen Pollen Yellow *Caution Pregnancy

Sweet Spicy Neutral

L V H T S P

Xian He Cao
Agrimony immortal crane herb

Bitter Astring ent Neutral

L U L V S P

San Qi
Notoginseng Root three seven *Caution Pregnancy

Sweet Sl. bitter Warm

L V S T

Bai Ji
Bletilla Rhizome white root

Bitter Sweet Cool

L U S T L V

Da Ji
Large Thistle big coil hair style

Sweet Cool

L V S P H T

Di Yu
Sanguisorba earth elm

Bitter Sour Sl. cold

L V LI S T

~ Stops bleeding external bleeding associated w/ trauma, internal bleeding such as uterine bleeding, vomiting blood, nosebleed, coughing blood, blood in urine, blood in stool, subcutaneous bleeding. Astringent nature is really good to stop bleeding. Bleeding above & below. ~ Invigorates the blood & dispels blood stasis chest pain, postpartum abdominal pain, menstrual pain due to blood stasis. Very good pain herb trauma/injury. HT attack, disease ~ Promotes urination & stops bleeding hot painful urinary dribbling **When used to invigorate the blood & stop pain, such as dysmenorrhea, amenorrhea, & postpartum abd. pain, Wu Ling Zhi is often combined w/ which herb? Pu Huang** ~ Restrains leakage of blood & stops bleeding widely used for various bleeding vomiting blood, coughing blood, nosebleed, bleeding gums, blood in urine, uterine bleeding. Bleeding above & below, bleeding due to Heat, Cold, Def., Excess depending on how its combined. ~ Alleviates diarrhea & dysenteric disorders chronic problems restraining in nature ~ Kills parasites trichomonas vaginitis, tapeworm, malaria. Topically for trichomonas vaginitis **Xan He Cao not only can restrain blood, stop bleeding, but can also: stop dysentery & kill parasites** **A female patient comes in w/ blood in urine, uterine bleeding, diarrhea & tapeworm. Which would be most suitable? Xian He Cao** ~ Stops bleeding & transforms blood stasis internal & external bleeding vomiting blood, nosebleed, blood in urine or stool. Can stop bleeding w/o causing blood stasis, so is widely used. **Tonifies when cooked, Raw is good for stopping bleeding** ~ Reduces swelling & A.P. trauma, swelling & pain due to falls, fractures, contusions, sprains. Chest & abd. pain, joint pain caused by blood stasis. Sores & abscesses. **A coronary HT disease patient has sustained a fall & gotten some sprains. Which of the following would be most suitable? San Qi** Not only can stop bleeding & transform blood stasis, but also can reduce swelling & A.P.. It is a popular herb to be used for treating traumatic injury w/ pain, swelling & blood stasis** ~ Restrains leakage of blood & stops bleeding mainly for bleeding from LU & ST. vomiting blood, coughing blood, nosebleed. Traumatic injury causing bleeding applied locally. ~ Reduces swelling & generates flesh applied topically for sores, ulcers, chapped skin. At any stage of sores. Helps accelerate healing of ulcers. Esp. useful w/ chronic, nonhealing ulcers. **Which of the following herbs not only can restrain leakage of blood & stop bleeding, but also reduces swelling & generates flesh. It is also effective for treating LU bleeding & ST bleeding** **Which of the following herbs are incompatible w/ Wu Tou? Bai Ji** ~ Cools the blood & stops bleeding nosebleed, vomiting blood, blood in urine or stool, uterine bleeding. Esp. good at alleviating vomiting or coughing of blood. ~ Reduces swelling & generates flesh at sores used topically for carbuncles, sores, & swellings. Used fresh for this. ~ Benefits GB & reduces jaundice jaundice, esp. due to damp-heat ~ Treats hypertension esp. when accompanied by signs of LV heat **Which of the following herbs not only can cool blood & stop bleeding, but also can eliminate stasis & generate flesh? Da Ji** Which of the following pairs of herbs are used to treat hypertension? Da Ji, Huai Hua Mi** ~ Cools the blood & stops bleeding esp. for bleeding in lower jiao due to damp-heat w/ blood in stools, bleeding hemorrhoids, bloody dysenteric disorders, excessive uterine bleeding. Also for vomiting blood & nosebleed. Esp good for blood in stools related to hemorrhoids. ~ Clears heat & generates flesh topically for sores, ulcers, injuries from burns. Reduces oozing by holding in fluids, promotes generation of new flesh often used for burns. **Which of the following sets of herbs can treat blood in stool & hemorrhoid bleding due to heat in lower jiao? Di Yu, Huai Hua Mi**

Huai Hua (Mi)


Huai Mi
Sophora Bud Pagoda tree bud

Bitter Cool

L V LI

Qian Cao Gen


Qian Cao Madder Root Rubia Root

Bitter Cold

H T L V

Ce Bai Ye
Arborvitae inclined/leanin g cyperus leaf

Bitter Astring ent Sl. cold

L U L V LI

Ai Ye
Mugwort Leaf Artemesia

Bitter Spicy Warm

S P L V K D

Ou Jie
Lotus Rhizome Node

Sweet Astring ent Neutral Sweet Cold

Bai Mao Gen


Imperate Rhizome Wooly Grass white spear root

L U S T L V L U S T SI U B

~ Cools the blood & stops bleeding for damp-heat of LI w/ bleeding. Bleeding hemorrhoids & bloody dysenteric disorders. Also for coughing blood, nosebleed, uterine bleeding. *Mostly for bleeding below. ~ Cools the LV red eyes, headache, dizziness due to LV Heat. Can be taken as daily beverage for this. *Treats hypertension lowers blood pressure large dose 15-30 grams **Which of the following herbs is esp. useful for bleeding hemorrhoids & bloody dysentery-like disorders?** ~ Cools the blood & stops bleeding vomiting blood, nosebleed, coughing blood, blood in stool, uterine bleeding, any bleeding due to chaotic movement of hot blood. Gynecology Herb ~ Invigorates the blood & dispels blood stasis for pain associated w/ blood stasis, esp. chest & flank pain. Also for retained lochia (after-birth), pain from trauma, joint pain, early stages carbuncles ~ Cools the blood & stops bleeding vomiting blood, bleeding gums, coughing blood, blood in stool or urine, blood dysenteric disorder, uterine bleeding. Good for heat related bleeding b/c cold.. Can also be used for Cold patterns if combined w/ warm herbs. ~ Stops cough & expels phlegm LU heat patterns w/ cough & accumulation of phlegm. Esp. in cases of viscous, difficult to expectorate sputum streaked w/ blood. ~ Promotes healing of burns used topically in powdered form for early stages of burns over small areas. *also used for hair loss ~ Warms the Womb & stops bleeding prolonged menstrual bleeding & uterine bleeding due to cold from def. Calms fetus, lower abdominal pain, vaginal bleeding as in threatened miscarriage. Also used for infertility. ~ Disperses cold & A.P. cold abdominal pain, esp. menstrual pain ~ Eliminates dampness & stops itching decocted & applied as external wash for skin problems w/ damp & itching. *J. Su Warms meridians & stops bleeding **Which of the following herbs not only can warm the womb, stop bleeding & calm the fetus, but also can disperse the cold & alleviate pain. It is also used for moxabustion** **A pregnant patient comes in w/ cold abd. pain. Which would be most suitable? - Ai Ye** ~ Stops bleeding for many types astringent & also reduces stasis. Bleeding associated w/ heat in LU or ST w/ vomiting or coughing blood. Also chronic bleeding when combined properly *Raw is more aggressive & better for moving blood. *Dry-fried or charred enhances astringent property, so better for stopping bleeding. *Honey roasted can tonify/nourish SP/ST ~ Cools the blood & stops bleeding nosebleed, vomiting blood, coughing blood, blood in urine ~ Clears heat & promotes urination hot painful urinary dribbling & other heat patterns w/ edema & urinary difficulty. Enters Qi & Blood levels to treat heat ~ J. Su Clears heat & generates fluids Qi level heat profuse sweating w/ thirst rehydrates. ~ Clears heat from ST & LU nausea & thirst due to ST heat, wheezing due to LU heat **Cools the blood & stops bleeding, clears heat & promotes urination, & clears heat from ST & LU** **Is sweet & cold, enters LU, ST, UB, SI channels for various types of bleeding due to reckless movement of hot blood, & vomiting & cough due to LU & ST heat**

Invigorate the Blood


Chuan Xiong
Szechuan Lovage Root *Caution Pregnancy

Spicy Warm

L V G B P C

~ Invigorates the blood & promotes movement of Qi for any blood stasis pattern important Gynecology herb dysmenorrhea, amenorrhea, difficult labor, retained lochia. Qi Stag & Blood stasis w/ pain & soreness in chest, flanks, & hypochondrium. ~ Expels wind & A.P. a leading herb for any externally-contracted wind disorder headache, dizziness, Bi syndrome (painful obstruction). Particularly good for headaches. Also for a variety of skin problems caused by wind. **Most effective in invigorating blood, promoting the Qi, expelling wind & stopping pain. It is good for treating menstruation pain, headaches & Bi pain, & also called the Qi herb in the Blood. Enters LV, GB, PC, invigorates the blood, promotes the circulation of Qi, expels wind & A.P, a principal herb for any externally contracted wind disorder w/ headache, dizziness or painful obstruction. Good for coronary HT disease & ischemic cerebrovascular disease, angina pectoralis**

Dan Shen
Salvia Root Red Root *CI Pregnancy

Bitter Sl. cold

H T P C L V

Ji Xue Teng
Spatholobus Root *CI w/ profuse menses

Bitter Sweet Warm

H T L V S P

Yan Hu Suo
Xuan Hu Suo Corydalis Rhizome *CI Pregnancy

Spicy Bitter Warm

Yu Jin
Curcuma Tuber depression gold *Caution Pregnancy

Spicy Bitter Cold

H T L V S T H T L U L V

~ Invigorates the blood & dispels stasis wide variety of blood stasis disorders in any part of the body. Most commonly used for problems affecting the lower abdomen, chest, or hypochondria. *Very important Gynecology herb* ~ Clears heat & soothes irritability esp. useful for restlessness, irritability, palpitations, insomnia due to heat entering nutritive (ying) level. Can also use in patterns of HT & KD Yin Def. ~ Cools the blood & reduces abscesses as a helper to treat sores or early stages breast abscess ~ Nourishes the blood & calms the spirit for palpitations & insomnia due to either heat in Ying & blood levels or insufficient HT blood. *Lowers blood pressure, treats HT disease, high cholesterol, degenerative arteries/vessels **Can invigorate blood, break up stasis, cool blood, nourish blood, & calm the spirit. Used for treating pain related w/ menstruation & injury, & w/ some heat signs, such as fever, irritability, delirium & insomnia** **Clears heat & soothes irritability & is good for insomnia** ~ Promotes the movement of & tonifies blood for Blood Def. patterns w/ dysmenorrhea, irregular menses, amenorrhea w/ abdominal pain ~ Invigorates the channels & relaxes the sinews numbness of extremities, lower back pain, knee pain, or generalized joint soreness from wind-damp Bi, w/ either blood def. or stasis. Also for weakness of extremities in the elderly or paralysis & vertigo due to blood stasis or windstroke Can increase the number of red blood cells **Activates the channels & relaxes the sinews, used for numbness of extremities, shoulder, arm, back & knee pain** ~ Invigorates the blood, promotes movement of Qi, & A.P. pain of almost any kind affecting the chest, abdomen, or limbs due to blood stasis & trauma. Esp. good for epigastric pain & dysmenorrhea. **Used as a painkiller in Chinese medicine for treating various types of pain** **Invigorates the blood, moves qi, A.P. & is good for hernia** ~ Invigorates the blood & stops pain while promoting the movement of Qi & resolving constraint topically & internally for pain due to traumatic injury, hastens healing process of chronic sores. Treats chest, abdominal, flank, or menstrual pain from constrained LV Qi esp. good when heat is involved. ~ Clears heat & cools the blood heat in blood causing chaotic movement of blood nosebleed, vomiting blood, blood in urine. Esp. good for nosebleed at the onset of menstruation or instead of menstruation (inverted menses) ~ Clears the HT & opens the orifices for hot phlegm obstructing HT orifices anxiety, agitation, seizures, mental derangement. Opening orifices action is weak. ~ Benefits GB & reduces jaundice for GB disorders & jaundice *Major menopause herb **Facilitates GB function & is good for jaundice** Can invigorate blood, dispel stasis, benefit GB & reduce jaundice**I ~ Invigorates the blood & unblocks menstruation chest or abdominal pain, amenorrhea, dysmenorrhea due to blood stasis from cold or deficiency. Also for pain & swelling due to trauma or early stages of sores & abscesses. ~ Promotes the movement of Qi & A.P. epigastric & abdominal pain ~ Expels wind & promotes movement of blood wind-damp Bi w/ blood stasis, esp in shoulders **Can invigorate blood, move Qi, expel wind & A.P., esp. shoulder & elbow pain due to wind-damp Bi** **Expels wind & moves blood, used for wind-damp painful obstruction w/ congealed blood, esp. in the shldrs** ~ Invigorates the blood & dispels stasis commonly used for Gynecological disorders such as irregular menstruation, PMS pain, heavy menstruation w/ clots, fixed abd. masses, infertility, postpartum abd. pain w/ retained lochia. Also for trauma pain.

Jiang Huang
Turmeric Rhizome yellow ginger *CI Pregnancy

Spicy Bitter Warm

S P S T L V

Yi Mu Cao
Leonurus benefit mother herb

Spicy Bitter Sl. cold

H T L V

*CI Pregnancy

U B

Ze Lan
Lycopus, Bugleweed lake very aromatic *Caution Pregnancy

Bitter Spicy Sl. warm

L V S P

~ Promotes urination & reduces swelling for acute systemic edema. Esp. w/ blood in urine ~ Clears heat & resolves toxicity for sores, abscesses, & toxic swellings. Also itchy rashes from damp heat collecting & steaming in muscles & subcutaneous tissues. Internal & topical use. *Lowers blood pressure, can cause uterine contractions **Very popular & used for treating blood stasis in ob/gyn, is also for difficulty of urination & edema. Is called benefit mother grass in Chinese** ~ Invigorates the blood & dispels stasis for pain due to blood stasis obstructing menses, postpartum abd. pain from blood stasis. Also topically or internally for pain & swelling from trauma or abscess. *Esp. good for blood stasis in lower back & knees ~ Promotes urination postpartum edema, postpartum painful urinary dribbling, systemic or facial edema. ~ Breaks up blood stasis important herb in resolving many kinds of blood stasis problems. Menstrual disorders, abd. pain, traumatic injury, flank pain, LU abscess, Intestinal abscess w/ fixed abd. mass. ~ Moistens the Intestines & unblocks the bowels constipation due to dry Intestines. **For traumatic injury, abd. pain due to blood stasis, & constipation. Best to choose Tao Ren** **Invigorates the blood. Moistens dryness & lubricates the intestines**

Tao Ren
Peach Kernel/seed *CI Pregnancy

Bitter Sweet Neutr al

H T LI L V L U

Hong Hua
Safflower, Carthamus red flower *CI Pregnancy

Spicy Warm

H T L V

E Zhu
Curcuma Rhizome *CI Pregnancy

Bitter Spicy Warm

L V S P

San Leng
Sparganium Burr Reed Rhizome three age *CI Pregnancy

Bitter Spicy Neutr al

L V S P

Ru Xiang
Frankincense milk aromatic *CI Pregnancy

Spicy Bitter Warm

H T L V S P

Mo Yao
Myrrh *CI Pregnancy

Bitter Neutr al

H T L V S P

~ Invigorates the blood, dispels stasis, & unblocks menstruation particularly good at unblocking menses Amenorrhea, abd. pain, postpartum dizziness, retained lochia, abdominal masses. Trauma, nonsuppurative Sores, carbuncles, dark purplish erythema. Also for incomplete expression of measles rash or chest Bi. *Smaller dose nourishes/tonifies Blood; larger dose moves blood & transforms stasis **Invigorates the blood. Which one is safflower, invigorates the blood & promotes menstruation, dispels congealed blood & A.P? Hong Hua** ~ Breaks up blood stasis, promotes the movement of Qi, & A.P. abdominal pain, dysmenorrhea, amenorrhea, abdominal masses, & epigastric masses due to blood stasis ~ Dissolves accumulation & A.P. pain, distention, fullness & constriction in chest & abdomen due to food stagnation. Childhood nutritional impairment **Breaks up congealed blood, moves qi & A.P., used for abd. pain, dysmenorrhea, amenorrhea, abd. masses & epigastric masses from congealed blood** ~ Forcefully breaks up blood stasis, promotes the movement of Qi, & A.P. for blood stasis patterns w/ amenorrhea, dysmenorrhea, postpartum abdominal pain, & abdominal masses ~ Dissolves accumulations for severe abdominal pain & distention due to food stagnation & stagnant Qi *Can inhibit Cancer cells ~ Invigorates the blood & promotes the movement of Qi for traumatic pain due to blood stasis, early stages of carbuncles, sores, swellings, & pain. Chest, epigastric, or abdominal pain due to bl. stasis ~ Relaxes the sinews, invigorates the channels, & A.P. wind-damp Bi, rigidity, & spasms ~ Reduces swelling & generates flesh topically as ointment or powder to reduce swelling, generate flesh, A.P., promote healing of sores, carbuncles, & traumatic injury. Also for pain, redness, & swelling of gums, mouth, & throat. **Reduces swelling & promotes healing in sores, carbuncles & traumatic injuries** ~ Invigorates the blood & dispels blood stasis, reduces swelling & A.P. pain from trauma, sores, carbuncles, swellings, fixed abdominal masses, painful obstruction, chest pain, abd. pain, amenorrhea ~ Promotes healing topically to promote healing of chronic non-healing sores

Niu Xi
Archyranthes Root Ox Knee *CI Pregnancy

Bitter Sour Neutr al

L V K D

Wang Bu Liu Xing


Vaccaria Seeds king not movement stop *CI Pregnancy

Bitter Neutr al

L V S T

Zi Ran Tong
Pyrite natural copper

Spicy Neutr al

L V

Su Mu
Sappan Wood Aroma Wood *CI Pregnancy

Sweet Salty Spicy Neutr al Bitter Sweet Warm

Wu Ling Zhi
Flying Squirrel Feces Five magic fat *CI Pregnancy

H T L V S P L V

~ Invigorates the blood & dispels blood stasis dysmenorrhea, amenorrhea, retained lochia. Post-trauma pain ~ Tonifies LV & KD, strengthens sinews & bones, benefits the joints pain & soreness affecting the lower back & knees due to deficiency. Guides other herbs to the low back & knees ~ Induces downward movement of blood & fire for chaotic movement of blood in the upper jiao or Yin Def. w/ ascending fire. Nosebleed, vomiting blood, toothaches, bleeding gums. Dizziness, headache, Blurred vision due to ascendant LV Yang. ~ Clears damp-heat in the lower jiao knee pain or lower back damp Bi. Helper herb for painful urinary dribbling or vaginal discharge. Esp. useful in painful urination w/ stones & lower back pain & blood in urine *Huai Niu Xi better at tonifying KD & LV, strengthening sinews & bones. Chuan Niu Xi better at moving blood & expelling stasis **CAN NOT treat scrofula & plum seed sensation. **Induces downward movement of blood** ~ Promotes the movement of blood & invigorates the channels promotes lactation. Unblocks menses. For insufficient lactation of amenorrhea due to blood stasis. ~ Reduces swellings for painful swellings, esp. of the breasts or testes. **Which pair of herbs can invigorate blood, reduce swelling & promote lactation? Chuan Shan Jia, Wang Bu Liu Xing** Which of the following herbs moves blood & promotes circulation through the channels & promotes lactation? Wang Bu Liu Xing** ~ Dispels blood stasis & promotes the healing of bones & sinews for swelling & pain related to stasis of qi & blood caused by external injury (trauma) esp. fractures. Also promotes healing of fractures. *must cook longer if you decoct. Mostly used in pill or powder form **Which herb dispels congealed blood & promotes the healing of bones & sinews? Zi Ran Tong** ~ Invigorates the blood, reduces swelling & A.P. postpartum abdominal pain, amenorrhea, pain & swelling from falls, fractures, contusions, or sprains ~ Stops bleeding excessive postpartum bleeding w/ dizziness, vertigo, & shortness of breath ~ Disperses blood stasis & A.P. amenorrhea, dysmenorrhea, postpartum abdominal pain, epigastric pain ~ Transforms stasis & stops bleeding uterine bleeding & retained lochia due to blood stasis ~ Also used for childhood nutritional impairment w/ focal distention **Which one is used for childhood nutritional impairment w/ focal distention? Wu Ling Zhi** **Used w/ caution during pregnancy traditionally, this herb was considered to be antagonized by Ren Shen** ~ Disperses blood stasis, unblocks menstruation, & promotes lactation amenorrhea, dysmenorrhea, & lack of or insufficient lactation due to blood stasis. ~ Reduces swelling & promotes discharge of pus toxic swellings such as abscesses & boils. Can dissolve as yet unformed pus, it is more useful in promoting the healing of supppurative lesions. Applied topically for this. ~ Expels wind-dampness from the channels pain due to painful obstruction (Bi), stiffness or spasms of the limbs, or pain that prevents bending & stretching **Which one disperses congealed blood, promotes menstruation & promotes lactation? Chuan Shan Jia** ~ Breaks up & drives out blood stasis & reduces fixed masses amenorrhea & fixed abdominal masses due to blood stasis, as well as traumatic injury

Chuan Shan Jia


Pangolin Scales Anteater Scales penetrate mountain armour *CI Pregnancy

Salty Cool

L V S T

Shui Zhi
Leech *CI Pregnancy

Tu (Di) Bie Chong


Ground Beetle dirt land soft

Salty Bitter Neutr al Sl. toxic Salty Cold Sl. toxic

L V U B L V H T

~ Breaks up & drives out blood stasis wide variety of disorders due to blood stasis. Abdominal masses & amenorrhea. Also for numb & swollen tongue due to blood stasis. ~ Knits together sinews & joins bones lacerations, contusions, & fractures. Toasted & ground into a

shell turtle *CI Pregnancy

S P

powder, it is used for acute lumbar strain. **Can break up & drive out blood stasis, renews sinews & joins bones for pain of menses & injury, esp. for lower back strain**

Transform Phlegm-Heat
Qian Hu
Peucedanum Root

Bitte r Spicy Sl. cold

L U

Chuan Bei Mu
Sichuan Fritillaria Bulb Shell mother from Sichuan province

Bitte r Swee t Sl. cold

H T L U

Zhe Bei Mu
Zhejiang Fritillaria Bulb

Bitte r Cold

H T L U

Gua Lou
Trichosanthe s Fruit melon vine

Swee t Cold

LI L U S T

Gua Lou Pi
Trichosanthe s Peel melon vine skin

Swee t Cold

L U S T LI L U S T LI

~ Directs qi downward & dispels phlegm for cough or wheezing w/ thick sputum. LU system & Interior LU phlegm. Best for heat-phlegm but used for cold also b/c so great for phlegm. ~ Disperses & scatters wind-heat for exterior wind-heat w/ headache & cough. Best for when WH constrains the LU. **Bai Qian & Qian Hu have very similar properties. However, there are some differences. What is true? Qian Hu releases exterior wind, Bai Qian does not** ~ Clears heat & transforms phlegm for many types of cough. *best for chronic cough, cough w/ signs of fire due to Yin Def, cough w/ slight sputum that is difficult to expectorate, or cough w/ blood streaked sputum. Best at treating cough accompanied by constrained qi, causing reduced appetite & stifling sensation in chest & upper abdomen. ~ Clears heat & dissipates nodules phlegm-fire collects & produces nodules, sores, swellings, scrofula, & LU or breast abscess. Enlarged glands. ~ Enters HT meridian & treats deficient HT palpitations, poor memory, insomnia, depression, chest pain **For which of the following symptoms is it better to use Chuan Bei Mu than Zhe Bei Mu? Cough due to LU Yin Def** ~ Clears & transforms phlegm-heat for acute LU heat patterns w/ productive cough. Acute Excess phlegm-heat. Good for both surface & internal organ phlegm-heat. ~ Clears heat & dissipates nodules for phlegm-fire which congeals & causes neck swellings. Enlarged thyroid goiter. Also important for LU & breast abscess & swellings. **Which group is for treatment of LU or breast abscess? Zhe Bei Mu, Jie Geng** **To dissipate nodules, one would like to use: Zhe Bei Mu** **Contraindicated for diarrhea due to deficiency & weakness of SP & ST. Shouldnt be combined w/ drugs of Aconitum complex. ~ Clears heat & transforms phlegm-heat heat induced cough w/ thick sputum that is difficult to cough up. Can be used alone, esp. in children. ~ Unbinds the chest & dissipates nodules qi accumulation in chest causing stifling or distention of the chest, constriction, pain or pressure in the diaphragm. **Which group is contraindicated in combination w/ Wu Tou? Ban Xie, Gua Lou** ~ Clears the LU & transforms phlegm for phlegm-heat in chest or dry cough w/ thick difficult to expectorate sputum & dry throat due to wind-heat. ~ Regulates Qi & expands the chest for chest Bi, clumping in the chest, & early stage of breast abscess. *HT disease chest pain & tightness, HT conditions. ~ Clears & transforms phlegm-heat for phlegm-heat cough. Cools & moistens. Esp. good for cough w/ chest pain & thick, difficult to expectorate sputum. ~ Expands the chest for accumulation of phlegm in the chest leading to stifling sensation, pain, or diaphragmatic pressure. ~ Moistens the Intestines for dry constipation, esp. when in a pattern of LU heat w/ dry mouth, thirst & irritability **Which herb is the best choice for patient w/ hot phlegm, cough due to LU heat, chest pain, LU abscess, & sometimes dry constipation? Gua Lou Ren** heaven bamboo yellow crystallized bamboo juice ~ Clears & transforms phlegm-heat for phlegm-heat in LU w/ thick difficult to expectorate sputum. **Clears phlegm-heat in HT & GB HT = mania, fever, change of Shen, loss of consciousness, delirium, rattling sound in throat, coma. LV/GB = fever, headache, tremors & spasms, thick yellow tongue fur, childhood convulsions, stroke** - not great at phlegm in LU doesnt enter LU. ~ Clears the HT & settles tremors & convulsions spasms & convulsions due to phlegm-heat, wind-stroke w/ phlegm obstruction & gurgling sound in throat, childhood convulsion. Esp. useful in

Gua Lou Ren


Seeds melon vine seeds

Swee t Cold

Tian Zhu Huang


Bamboo Sugar

Swee t Cold

G B H T L V

Zhu Li
Bamboo drop Bamboo Sap

Swee t Cold

H T L U S T L U S T G B

Zhu Ru
Bamboo Shavings bamboo soft

Swee t Sl. cold

Fu Hai Shi
Fu Shi Pumice

Salty Cold

L U

Hai Ge Ke
Ge Ke Clam Shell

Bitte r Salty Cold

L U S T

Kun Bu
Kelp green material

Salty Cold

K D L V S T K D L V L U S T LI L U

Hai Zao
Sargassum Seaweed ocean grass

Bitte r Salty Cold

treating children. **For which of the diseases is it better to use Tian Zhu Huang than Zhu Ren? Stroke & convulsions due to HT heat** **best used by pouring decocted formula over its powdered form** ~ Clears heat, transforms phlegm, & penetrates to the channels for phlegm obstructing the HT (sensory) orifices. Fainting, paralysis of hands or feet, or hemiplegia. *LU cough, chest pain, thick yellow sputum. *HT seizure, stroke, change of consciousness, mental diseases ~ Transforms phlegm-heat & stops cough small doses as a powerful adjunctive herb for phlegm-heat cough. **Zhu Lis contraindication: patients w/ cold cough or loose stools from deficient SP** **Which herb is contraindicated in case of loose stools due to SP Def? Zhu Li** ~ Clears & transforms phlegm-heat for heat in LU w/ thick sputum, stifling sensation in chest, or coughing blood. Also for GB fire harboring phlegm & phlegm-heat. *ST = vomiting, nausea, bitter taste in mouth, bad breath, Restlessness, disturbed sleep, insomnia. GB = nervous, very irritable, mucous, bitter taste in mouth, not able to make decisions, insomnia. ~ Clears heat & stops vomiting - *very good for vomiting. For vomiting or bitter or sour taste due to heat in ST, bad breath, aversion to heat, & yellow greasy tongue fur. ST heat due to Excess or Def. Morning sickness. ~ Cools the blood & stops bleeding not common use ~ Clears heat from LU & transforms heat for heat accumulation in LU w/ sputum that is thick & difficult to cough up Coughing blood. Most commonly used for chronic long-term disorders. ~ Softens hardness & dissipates phlegm nodules scrofula & similar disorders of phlegm-fire. Enlarged glands. ~ Promotes urination & unblocks the upper source of water for hot or stony painful urinary dribbling. *good for urinary tract stones w/ painful urination or urination that stops midstream. ~ Clears heat & transforms phlegm for cough & wheezing due to phlegm-heat or constrained clumping of phlegmfire, which impairs the LUs clarifying & descending functions. Thick yellow sputum that is difficult to expectorate w/ chest & rib pain. ~ Softens hardness & dissipates nodules phlegm-fire goiter & scrofula. ~ Controls acidity & stops pain used in powdered form, for epigastric pain & acid regurgitation. Currently used for pain due to excess ST acid as well as gastric & duodenal ulcers. Stops symptoms. ~ Mildly promotes urination superficial edema & urinary dysfunction **Contraindicated in those w/ LU deficiency accompanied by cold, or in those w/ insufficient Yang** **Which of the following is sl. toxic? Hai Ge Ke** ~ Reduces phlegm & softens areas of hardness for various kinds of nodules in the neck. Scrofula, goiter, or sensations of fullness & obstruction in the chest caused by phlegm. Recently used w/ substances that invigorate the blood & transform stasis for thyroid tumors, TB lymphadenitis, & cirrhosis. *only treats enlarged gland type phlegm. ~ Promotes urination & reduces swelling weak action, used as a helper for edema & leg qi. ~ Reduces phlegm & softens areas of hardness for neck nodules such as goiter & scrofula. Also for bulging disorders, esp. those involving scrotum & testicles. *paired w/ Kun Bu often used together. ~ Promotes urination & reduces edema weak function. Used as helper for edema w/ urinary difficulty. **Which of the following can promote urination & reduce edema? Hai Zao** ~ Clears & disseminates LU qi for sore throat, hoarseness, phlegm-heat cough, constrained LU qi. Used alone as a tea for hoarseness. ~ Moistens the Intestines & unblocks bowels for mild to moderate constipation due to heat in Intestines, often w/ headache, red eyes, & fever. Can be used alone for mild cases. ~ Encourages the expression of rashes as helper, as external wash, for incomplete expression of rashes. **caution in those w/ loose stools or diarrhea** **For sore throat & hoarse voice, one can take: Pang Da Hai** (HT according to J. Su and Bensky 2) ~ Dissipates nodules & reduces goiter for goiter. Can be used alone in a

Pang Da Hai
Sterculia Seed fat big ocean

Swee t Cold

Huang Yao Zi

Bitte r

L V

Dioscorea Bulbifera tuber yellow medicine

Cold (toxi c)

L U Ht

tincture. **masses, nodules, Cancer of esophagus, ST, breast, thyroid, uterus, colon is the main use as decoction or powder, can also apply topically** ~ Clears heat & resolves toxicity toxic swellings, swollen & painful throat, animal bites. Emergency phase of snakebite never as a substitute for antivenom. Many types of Cancers esp. esophagus, ST, uterus, colon. ~ Cools blood & stops bleeding vomiting blood, coughing blood, uterine bleeding ~ Stops coughs & calms wheezing for cough of both acute & chronic bronchitis, whooping cough. Can be used w/ rock candy Bing Tang. **toxic side effects = dry mouth, reduced appetite, nausea, abd pain, burning sensation in mouth, tongue & pharynx, salivation, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, contracted pupils** *can damage LV & blood if used too much, hair loss

Transform Phlegm-Cold
Ban Xia
Zhi Ban Xia Pinellia Rhizome half summer

Spicy Warm Toxic

L U S P S T

~ Dries dampness, transforms phlegm & causes rebellious qi to descend cough w/ copious sputum, coldphlegm in LU. Esp. effective in transforming phlegm due to dampness in SP. Abdominal distention, fullness, poor appetite. Also used for heat-phlegm b/c so good for phlegm often combines w/ Zhu Ru for phlegm-heat. ~ Directs rebellious qi downward & stops vomiting for nausea, vomiting due

Tian Nan Xing


Jack-in-thepulpit star heaven south *CI Pregnancy

Bitter Spicy Warm Toxic

L V L U S P

Dan Nan Xing

Bitter Cold

Bai Fu Zi
white fu zi *CI Pregnancy

Spicy Sweet Warm Toxic

L V L U S P L V S P S T

to many things cold, thin mucous, ST Def., ST heat, or pregnancy ~ Dissipates nodules & reduces clumps for nodules, pressure, distention or pain due to phlegm in chest, phlegm nodules in neck goiter, scrofula. Obstruction anywhere caused by phlegm. Focal distention in chest & epigastrum. *Warm & drying, use w/ caution in patients w/ dry cough from Yin Def., sore throat from fire excess or bleeding. **Contraindicated in combination w/ Wu Tou Ban Xia, Gua Lou. Which group is used for lingering damp-phlegm in ST that rebels upwards causing nausea & vomiting? Xuan Fu Hua, Ban Xia** **Which of the following can stop vomiting? Ban Xia** ~ Dries dampness & expels phlegm for cough & stifling, distention sensation in chest due to stubborn phlegm. *Extremely drying. Ray is very toxic ~ Disperses wind-phlegm & stops spasms for obstruction due to wind-phlegm, usually in channels, w/ dizziness, vertigo, numbness of limbs, facial paralysis, spasms of hands & feet, opisthotonos, stroke, seizures, lockjaw. ~ Reduces swelling & alleviates pain topically for deep-rooted sores, ulcers, carbuncles. Swelling due to trauma, joint pain secondary to phlegm. Used unprepared for this use. Recently used topically for cervical cancer. **Which of the following herbs are both toxic? Tian Nan Xing, Bai Fu Zi. Contraindicated during pregnancy** Contraindicated for dry cough from Yin Def or stirring of wind from either intense heat or blood def, pregnancy **For wind & phlegm obstructing the channels & causing dizziness & seizures, one can use: Tian Nan Xing** ~ Expels heat-phlegm thick yellow phlegm ~ Disperses wind-phlegm & stops spasms same as above. *very similar to Tian Nan Xing but Cold so can be used to treat phlegm-heat.

Xuan Fu Hua
Inula Flower turning come back flower

Bitter Spicy Salty Sl. warm

L V L U S T S P L U

Bai Qian
Cynanchum Root

Spicy Sweet Sl. warm Spicy Warm

Bai Jie Zi
White mustard Seed

L U

~ Dries dampness, transforms phlegm, expels wind, stops spasms for windphlegm affecting the head causing wind-stroke, facial paralysis, hemiplegia, migraines. **Bells Palsy used for over 1,000 yrs. ~ Resolves toxicity & dissipates nodules snakebite, scrofula, other nodules due to phlegm & toxicity. Generally used topically for this in fresh form. ~ Dries dampness & stops pain & itching wind-cold-damp Bi, damp skin problems eczema can be powdered & applied topically. **Contraindicated during pregnancy. Do not exceed 5 grams for internal consumption to avoid toxicity. **This herb is spicy, sweet, warm & poisonous. Enters SP & ST & some say LV. It expels wind & cold & dampness & alleviates pain, expels wind-phlegm, cleans toxins & reduces distention. Also used for snakebite** **Which of the following is used for wind-phlegm affecting the head resulting in facial paralysis? Bai Fu Zi** ~ Reduces phlegm & promotes the dissipation of pathogenic water for phlegm & fluids clogging LUs or problems due to accumulation of phlegm & thin mucous. Most appropriate for Cold, can be used for heat when combines properly. *Plum Pit Qi. ~ Redirects the qi downward & stops vomiting for vomiting, hiccups, belching rebellious ST qi. Morning sickness. **Needs to be wrapped when decocted** *Inappropriate for dry cough due to Yin Def. or for debilitated patients w/ loose stools. **Which of the following needs to be decocted in cheesecloth bag? Xuan Fu Hua** ~ Redirects the qi downward, dispels phlegm, & stops cough cough w/ copious sputum & gurgling in throat. Very important for LU qi blockage & stagnation. Wheezing. Not drying. *Only for Excess LU conditions wind-heat, wind-cold, phlegm-heat, phlegm-cold. Not for LU Qi or Yin Def. b/c spicy ~ Warms LU, regulates the qi, & expels phlegm for coughing of copious thin sputum, chest distention, pain due to accumulation of cold-phlegm, esp. in chronic disorders. **can be used to stimulate points topically** ~ Promotes movement of qi, disperses clumps, unblocks collaterals, & stops pain for phlegm-dampness obstructing channels & collaterals, yin flat abscesses & spreading sores, phlegm

Jie Geng
Platycodon Root straight hard

Bitter Spicy Neutr al

L U

Zao Jiao
soap bean Gleditisia Thorn *CI Pregnancy

Spicy Warm

L V S T L U

nodules scrofula. *Contraindicated in patients w/ chronic cough from LU deficiency or fire due to yin deficiency or blazing ST fire. Overdose causes diarrhea. **Dissipates nodules, reduces swellings & alleviates pain. Used when cold phlegm collects in channels causing symptoms of joint pain & body aches** ~ Opens up & disseminates the LU qi, dispels phlegm, & benefits the throat for cough, wheezing w/ profuse sputum, throat pain, loss of voice. Can be used for cold or heat. *can thin phlegm & make it easier to cough up. ~ Promotes discharge of pus LU abscess (pneumonia), throat abscess. LU abscess = fever, chest pain, yellow sputum w/ fishy smell, coughing up blood & pus. ~ Opens up & raises the LU qi while directing the actions of other herbs to upper region of body to reinforce actions of other herbs that clear & drain the upper jiao, also to focus actions of a formula on upper jiao. *B/c spicy, dispersing & draining, it is Contraindicated for chronic cough w/ yin def. or in patients w/ a tendency to cough up blood. **Jie Geng is bitter, spicy, & neutral. It is used for coughs. If a patient presents w/ cough, fever, & chills, no sweat, stuffy nose & tight, floating pulse, which herbs should Jie Gen be used w/? Zi Su Ye, Ma Huang** **Which of the following can direct the effect of other herbs to the upper region of the body? Jie Geng** ~ Draws out toxicity, discharges pus, invigorates the blood, & reduces swelling frequently used during early stages of swollen sores to encourage healing, or to induce those already formed to burst. External use. ~ Expels wind & kills parasites tinea, leprosy. ~ Dispels phlegm & opens orifices & revives the spirit - **phlegm misting orifices = disconnection from outside world, improper response to stimuli, coma, loss of consciousness Contraindicated in those w/ open sores & pregnancy **Which group is good for treatment of coma, stroke or seizures due to wind & cold phlegm? Zao Jiao, Tian Nan Xing**

Relieve Cough & Wheezing


Xing Ren
Apricot Seed

Bitter Sl. warm Sl. toxic

L U LI

Zi Wan
Aster Root Purple Aster purple soft

Spicy Bitter Sl. warm Spicy Warm

L U

Kuan Dong Hua


Tussilago flower Coltsfoot slow winter flower

L U

~ Stops cough & calms wheezing used broadly for many kinds of cough disorders caused by heat or cold, depending on the combinations. B/c it is moist in nature, it is esp. useful for externally contracted dry cough. ~ Moistens the Intestines & unblocks the bowels secondary use. High in oil content. **Which herb is bitter, warm, slightly poisonous? Enters the LU & LI. Functions to relieve cough & stop wheezing, moisten the intestines & moves the stools. It should be decocted later.** **Which of the following is sl. toxic? Xing Ren** ~ Relieves cough & expels phlegm important for stopping coughs of various etiologies including wind-cold, wind-heat, LU deficiency, & consumption. Mildy moistening cuz doesnt dry. **Zi Wan & Kuan Dong Hua are often used together, but they have different functions. Which of the following functions is NOT correct? Zi Wan is spicy & warm & is used for cold cough** ~ Moistens the LU, directs qi downward, stops coughs, & transforms phlegm commonly used for cough & wheezing from many different etiologies. Special flower [b/c it guides qi down

(Zi) Su Zi
Perilla Fruit

Spicy Warm

LI L U

~ Stops cough & calms wheezing, redirects qi downward, & dissolves phlegm for cough & wheezing w/ copious phlegm. Esp. useful when exhalation is more labored than inhalation & there is a stifling sensation in the chest. (+ cold induced cough) ~ Moistens the Intestines & unblocks stools for constipation due to dry Intestines

Pi Pa Ye
Loquat Leaf Eriobotrya

Bitter Neutral

L U S T

Bai Bu
Stemona Root hundred parts

Sweet Bitter Sl. warm

L U

Sang Bai Pi
Mulberry Root Bark

Sweet Cold

L U

Ting Li Zi
Tingli Seed Lepidium Seed tal standing up seed

Spicy Bitter V. cold

L U U B

~ Transforms phlegm, clears LU heat, & redirects LU qi downward for LU heat or LU dryness patterns w/ cough & wheezing. ~ Harmonizes the ST, clears ST heat, & redirects ST qi downward nausea, vomiting, hiccups, & belching due to ST heat **Which herb is special for clearing LU & ST heat & redirecting Qi of both organs downward? Pi Pa Ya** **Pi Pa Ya has actions of: Harmonizing ST (maybe Moistening LU & stopping coughing)** ~ Moistens the LU & stops cough for both acute & chronic cough. Esp. useful for cough from deficiency, including yin deficiency. ~ Expels parasites & kills lice topically as either a tincture or a decoction for head or body lice or fleas. Also used as a wash for bacterial vaginosis & as a nightly retained enema for pinworm. **Which herb is used to expel parasites, kill lice, moisten the LU & alleviate cough?** ~ Drains heat from LU, stops coughs, & calms wheezing for cough & wheezing due to LU heat ~ Promotes urination & reduces edema disorders where LU heat obstructs the downward movement of LU qi, preventing water from moving & cutting off perspiration. Manifests as floating edema, facial edema, swelling of extremities, fever & thirst, urinary difficulty, & floating pulse. ~ Also recently used for hypertension can soak feet to lower blood pressure **Which herbs are used to expel water & reduce edema? Sang Bai Pi, Ting Li Zi** **Used to alleviate cough & wheezing, quell heat in the LU, promote urination & reduce edema. It is also used in treating hypertension** ~ Drains the LU, reduces phlegm, & calms wheezing excess-type wheezing or cough w/ copious sputum & a gurgling sound in the throat due to phlegm accumulation or LU heat. ~ Moves water & reduces edema for facial edema or fluid accumulation in the chest or abdomen w/ urinary difficulty due to excess-type obstruction of the LU or UB qi. ~ Clears the LU, transforms phlegm, stops coughing, & calms wheezing for cough or wheezing due to LU heat w/ rebellious qi. ~ Clears & drains heat from excess in the LI while reducing swelling & pain for swelling & pain in & around the anus due to accumulation of heat in the LI bleeding hemorrhoids. *J. Su For Hypertension w/ lightheadedness & flushing often during menopause **A male patient has cough & wheezing due to LU heat. Sometimes there is blood in the phlegm. He has had high blood pressure & hemorrhoids for a few years. Which herb is good for him? Ma Dou Ling** **Which of the following is toxic? Ma Dou Ling** ~ Preserves the LU & arrests wheezing for wheezing w/ coughing. Esp. useful for chronic coughs or those w/ copious sputum. ~ Eliminates dampness, stops discharge, & contains the urine for vaginal discharge & turbid urine. Used both in cases of deficiency & damp-heat. Leukorrhea. *J. Su Stabilizes the Lower Jiao leakage of lower jiao KD cant store Essence frequent urination, incontinence or urine, seminal emission, premature ejaculation. Often used w/ tonifying qi herbs **Which herb is used to stop wheezing & treats leukorrhea? - Bai Guo** **Which of the following can be used for urinary frequency or incontinence? Bai Guo**

Ma Dou Ling
Birthwort Fruit Aristolochia Fruit horse bag bell

Bitter Sl. cold

L U LI

Bai Guo
Ginko Nut white nut

Sweet Bitter Astring ent

K D L U

Anchor, Settle, & Calm the Spirit


Long Gu / Chi
Dragon Bone / teeth Fossilized vertebrae of bones of extremities of mammals

Sweet Astring ent Neutral

H T L V K D

Ci Shi
Magnetite magnet

Spicy Salty Cold

K D L V

Zhu Sha
Cinnabar

Sweet Cool Toxic

H T

Hu Po
Amber

Sweet Neutral

U B H T L V

~ Settles anxiety & calms the spirit for emotional restlessness, insomnia, palpitations w/ anxiety, or even seizures or withdrawal-mania due to an agitated HT & spirit. ~ Calms the LV & anchors & preserves the floating Yang for irritability, restlessness, dizziness, vertigo, blurred vision, & bad temper due to LV Yin def. w/ deficient Yang transgressing upward. ~ Prevents leakage of fluids for loss of fluids due to deficiency including spermatorrhea, night-sweats, spontaneous sweating, nocturnal emission, vaginal discharge, & uterine bleeding *requires longer cooking time cook 30 min or so b4 adding other herbs bones, minerals, shells ~ Used topically (calcined & powdered) for chronic, non-healing sores & ulcers ~ Anchors & calms the spirit restlessness, palpitations, insomnia, or tremors. Esp. in patients w/ Yin Def. & ascendent Yang. Particularly useful when KD Def. leads to upward blazing of LV fire that deranges & disturbs the HT spirit. Also used for dizziness or vertigo in patients w/ similar patterns, or convulsions in children caused by shock. ~ Nourishes the KD, augments the LV, & improves hearing & vision impaired hearing or deafness, tinnitus, or visual disturbances due to LV & KD deficiency (Excess above & Deficiency below LV Yang Rising due to KD Def) ~ Aids the KD in grasping the qi for chronic asthma due to failure of KD to grasp the qi **Which of the following is able to help KD to grasp Qi? Ci Shi** ~ Sedates the HT & calms the spirit restlessness, palpitations w/ anxiety, insomnia, or convulsions. Can be used in treating patterns of heat from excess, phlegm, or blood def. depending on how its combined. ~ Expels phlegm & sedates jitteriness & convulsions while stopping tremors seizures, childhood convulsions, & other problems due to phlegm-heat blocking the PC & HT. Often seen in warm pathogen diseases. ~ Clears heat, resolves toxicity, & prevents putrefaction topically for carbuncles, mouth sores, sore throat, and snakebite ~ Arrests tremors & palpitations & calms the spirit palpitations w/ anxiety, excessive dreams, insomnia, forgetfulness, anxiety, & seizures due to disturbance of the spirit. Also childhood convulsions & seizures. ~ Invigorates the blood, dissipates stasis, & unblocks the menses amenorrhea or pain associated w/ palpable fixed masses due to blood stasis. Can be used alone for this. Recently used in treating coronary artery disease ~ Promotes urination & unblocks painful urinary dribbling urinary retention or painful urinary dribbling esp. w/ bloody urine ~ Reduces swelling & promotes healing topically for sores, carbuncles, ulcerations of the skin. Also for swelling & pain in the area of the scrotum or vulva. **Which herb is the best one for retention of urine, anuria? Hu Po** **Which of the following is often used in powder & pill forms? Hu Po**

Nourish HT & Calm the Spirit


Suan Zao Ren
Spiny zizyphus seeds

Sweet Sour Neutr al

G B H T

~ Nourishes the HT Yin, augments the LV blood, & quiets the spirit irritability, insomnia, & palpitations w/ anxiety due to either blood deficiency (inability to nourish the HT) or yin def. (w/ upward-flaring fire) ~ Prevents abnormal sweating for both spontaneous sweating & night-

Sour Date Seeds

Bai Zi Ren
Arborvitae Seeds Cyperus Seeds

Sweet Neutr al

L V S P H T K D LI

sweating **Which herb prevents abnormal sweating? Suan Zao Ren**

Yuan Zhi
Polygala Root extend will

Bitter Spicy Sl. warm

H T L U

He Huan Pi
Silktree Bark Albizzia tree of harmony & happiness *Caution Pregnancy

Sweet Neutr al

H T L V

~ Nourishes the HT & calms the spirit irritability, insomnia, forgetfulness, & palpitations w/ anxiety due to HT Yin Def. & insufficient blood. Also used alone in powder form for night terrors in children. ~ Moistens the Intestines & unblocks the bowels constipation in elderly, debilitated, & postpartum women due to blood or Yin Def. ~ Also used for night-sweats due to Yin Deficiency **Which herb moistens the Intestines? Bai Zi Ren** ~ Calms the spirit & quiets the HT insomnia, palpitations w/ anxiety, restlessness, & disorientation. Most effective in cases related to excessive brooding or constrained, pent-up emotions as well as those related to lack of communication between the HT & KD for disharmony between HT & KD (enhances memory J.Su) ~ Expels phlegm, clears the orifices, & stops coughs used when phlegm envelopes the orifice of the HT w/ emotional & mental disorientation, spasms, or seizures. Also for phlegm affecting the LU w/ copious sputum, esp. when it is difficult to expectorate. Recently been used for angina pectoris. ~ Reduces abscesses & dissipates swellings boils, abscesses, sores, & swollen, painful breasts. Topically in powder form for early stages of sores. **This herb has the action of expels phlegm: Yuan Zhi** ~ Calms the spirit & relieves constraint bad temper, depression, insomnia, irritability, & poor memory due to constrained emotions. (J.Su mostly used for sleep problems, also in Dermatology for itching making patient irritable & unable to sleep) ~ Harmonizes the blood, stops pain, & reconnects the sinews & bones pain & swelling, also pain associated w/ chronic, degenerative disease of the joints & muscles. ~ Dissipates swelling & reduces abscesses pain & swelling of abscesses, both external & internal **Which herb invigorates the blood & alleviates pain? He Huan Pi** **Which of the following can calm the spirit & relieve constraint? He Huan Pi**

Aromatic Herbs that Open the Orifices


She Xiang
Naval gland secretions of deer Musk *CI Pregnancy & Heat conditions

Spicy Warm Arom atic

H T S P L V

Su He Xiang
Reson of Rose Maloes Styrax smooth harmony aromatic

Sweet Spicy Warm Arom atic

H T S P

~ Vigorously opens the orifices, revives the spirit, & unblocks closed disorders - intensely aromatic & penetrating treats wide variety of problems that impair consciousness related to heat or cold. Heat penetrating the PC due to warm-heat pathogen disease (convulsions, delirium, stupor, & fainting), closed disorders, titanic collapse, phlegm collapse, & seizures. ~ Invigorates the blood, dissipates clumps, reduces swelling, & A.P. fixed, palpable masses, toxic sores, & carbuncles. Also used to clear obstructions to the channels & collaterals due to trauma or painful obstruction. Recently used in treating coronary artery disease ingested or applied topically ~ Hastens delivery & facilitates the downward passage of stillborns when dead fetus or placenta fails to descend. Can induce abortion. **Which of the following is contraindicated during pregnancy? She Xiang** ~ Opens the orifices & penetrates through turbidity to awaken the spirit closed disorders, phlegm collapse, & epidemic toxic diseases. Esp. indicated for cold disorders. (J.Su phlegm blocking orifices change of consciousness, coma) ~ Opens up areas of constraint & clears away filth stifling sensations, cold, fullness, & pain in the chest & abdomen. Recently used for coronary artery disease & biliary colic. Applied topically for chilblain.

*Caution Pregnancy

*J.Su severe chest pain blood stasis HT attack

Bing Pian
Borneol eyes small pieces *Caution Pregnancy

Spicy Bitter Mildly Cold

H T L U S P

Shi Chang Pu
Acorus rock growing by water

Spicy Bitter Warm Arom atic

H T S T

~ Opens the orifices, awakens the spirit, & unblocks closed disorders impaired consciousness, various types of fainting & convulsions ~ Clears heat, drains fire, resolves toxicity, clears the eyes, removes superficial visual obstruction, & stops pain heat leading to headache, red & swollen eyes, superficial visual obstruction, sores in the mouth ~ Clears heat, A.P., dissipates nodules, & alleviates itching topically for pain & swelling of the throat, skin diseases such as sores & scabies, eye disorders such as photophobia or excessive tearing. Commonly used in topically-applied powders to regenerate flesh. **Which herb is used for pain & swelling in the throat, scabies, photophobia, excessive tearing? Bing Pian** ~ Opens the orifices, dislodges phlegm, removes filth, & quiets the spirit phlegm-dampness veiling & blocking the sensory orifices w/ deafness, dizziness, forgetfulness, dulled sensorium, as well as seizures or stupor. ~ Transforms turbid dampness, awakens the SP, & promotes movement of qi chest & epigastric fullness & abdominal distention & pain due to dampness & turbidity obstructing the middle jiao ~ Promotes blood flow & reduces swelling both internally & topically for wind-cold-damp Bi, trauma, sores **Which herb harmonizes the middle burner & transforms turbid dampness? Shi Chang Pu**

Extinguishes Wind & Stops Tremors


Ling Yang Jiao
Salty Cold H T
~ Drains LV heat, calms the LV, extinguishes wind & controls spasms & convulsion childhood convulsions & seizure disorders as well as stubborn high fevers & internal

Antelope Horn

L V

Gou Teng
Uncaria Vine Hook Vine

Sweet Sl. cold

P C L V

Tian Ma
Gastrodia Rhizome

Sweet Neutral

L V

Bai Ji Li
Caltrop Fruit Tribulus White Weapon *Caution Pregnancy

Spicy Bitter Neutral

L V

Shi Jue Ming


Abalone Shell

Salty Cold

K D L V

Di Long
Earthworm

Salty Cold

U B L V L U S P

stirring of wind due to intense heat. Important for treating internal stirring of LV wind. Commonly used for childhood convulsions due to high fever. ~ Calms LV & anchors the Yang for ascendant LV Yang w/ dizziness, vertigo, irritability & restlessness, splitting headaches. Can be used as part of a formula for hypertension. ~ Clears the LV & improves the vision headache, red & swollen eyes, photophobia due to blazing LV fire. ~ Drains heat & resolves fire toxicity warm-heat pathogen diseases w/ high fever, delirium, manic behavior, & in extreme cases loss of consciousness. Heat in PC. ~ Clears damp-heat also used for wind-damp-heat painful obstruction **Which herb cures heat & detoxifies fire poison for warm febrile diseases? Ling Yang Jiao** **Which of the following clears heat & fire toxicity? Ling Yang Jiao** ~ Extinguishes wind & alleviates spasms patterns of LV heat w/ internal stirring of LV wind w/ tremors, seizures, & eclampsia. ~ Drains LV heat & pacifies LV Yang for LV fire & ascendant LV yang patterns w/ headache, irritability, red eyes, & dizziness. *Recently used for hypertension, esp. of this type. ~ Releases the exterior exterior WH patterns w/ fever, headache, & red eyes **When preparing a decoction, one should not cool what herb for more than 10 minutes? Gou Teng** ~ Calms the LV, extinguishes wind, & controls spasms & tremors very important herb for internal LV wind, whether caused by heat or cold. For headache, dizziness, childhood convulsions, epilepsy, tonicclonic spasms, opisthotonos, tetany, & wind-stroke. ~ Extinguishes wind & A.P. headaches, dizziness, migraine headaches that occur w/ wind-phlegm patterns. Also for wind-stroke w/ hemiplegia, dizziness, & numbness in extremities. Can be used for both Excessive & Deficient conditions. ~ Disperses painful obstruction wind-damp Bi w/ pain & numbness of the lower back & extremities. **Which herb disperses painful obstruction, used for pain & numbness in the lower back & extremities** ~ Calms the LV & anchors the Yang for headache, vertigo, dizziness from ascendant LV Yang. ~ Dredges the LV Qi to smooth its flow while dispersing constraint & clumping for pain & distention in the chest or flanks, irregular menstruation, or insufficient lactation from constrained LV Qi. ~ Dispels wind-heat & brightens the eyes for red, swollen, & painful eyes as well as increased tearing. ~ Dispels wind & stops itching for any type of skin lesion w/ significant itching, such as hives. Also used for vitiligo, sometimes used alone. ~ Drains LV fire & anchors & sedates the LV Yang for LV fire & ascendant LV Yang patterns w/ headache, dizziness, red eyes. *Commonly used for hypertension w/ ascendant LV Yang. ~ Improves the vision & causes superficial visual obstruction to recede for LV heat patterns that affect the eyes causing photophobia, pterygium or other superficial visual obstructions, red eyes, & blurred vision. ~ Recently also used for increased gastric acidity & topically for bleeding due to trauma. **When preparing a decoction, this herb often needs to be cooked first: Shi Jue Ming** **Shi Jue Ming is: Cold** ~ Drains heat, settles convulsions, extinguishes wind, & stops spasms for extremely high fever leading to changes in consciousness, incoherent speech, convulsions, & seizures. Can be used alone. *Recently also used for schizophrenia of the hot-manic type. ~ Clears heat & unblocks & promotes movement in the channels & collaterals swollen & painful joints w/ reduced range of motion. Most commonly for hot Bi, but also can be used for cold Bi if combines properly. Also used for hemiplegia due to lack of flow in the channels, such as the sequelae of wind-stroke. ~ Clears heat & calms wheezing wheezing, esp. due to LU Heat. Can take alone for this as a powder

(Bai) Jiang Can


Silkworm

Spicy Salty Neutral

L V L U

Quan Xie
Scorpion *CI Pregnancy

Salty Spicy Neutral Toxic

L V

ingested directly (or in capsules) or the fresh product can be decocted w/ added sugar to form a syrup. ~ Clears heat & promotes urination for hot painful urinary dribbling, & in severe cases, edema. Esp. useful for problems associated w/ heat clumping in the UB w/ urinary difficulty or inability to urinate (alone if you want) ~ Also used recently for hypertension associated w/ ascendant LV Yang patterns **Which herb promotes urination & stops wheezing? Di Long** ~ Extinguishes wind & stops spasms & convulsions for childhood convulsions or facial paralysis. Also for seizures from either internal stirring of LV wind or wind-phlegm-heat, esp. the latter. ~ Dispels wind, disperses wind-heat, & stops itching & pain headache, red eyes, & sore, swollen throat, as well as itching skin lesions such as heat rash, from either externally-contracted wind-heat or LV wind. Also for loss of voice. ~ Transforms phlegm, softens what is hard, & dissipates nodules phlegm-heat scrofula & other phlegm nodules. ~ Expels wind & stops itching itching skin lesions such as wind rash **Which herb clears & benefits the throat? Bia Jiang Can** **This herb can be used for skin rash & itching due to wind Bai Jiang Can** ~ Extinguishes wind & stops tremors & convulsions LV wind & phlegm patterns w/ spasms, acute or chronic childhood convulsions, tetany, opisthotomos, tics, muscular tetany, & seizures. One of the more effective wind-extinguishing substances. ~ Tracks down wind, unblocks the collaterals, & stops pain for stubborn headaches (including migraines) & painful obstruction. ~ Attacks & resolves fire toxicity & dissipates nodules used topically for toxic sores, swellings, & scrofula - in accordance w/ the maxim use toxin to attack toxin **Which herb contraindicated in deficient blood generated wind patterns & pregnancy? Quan Xie** **Which of the following is toxic? Quan Xie**

Wu Gong
Centipede *CI Pregnancy

Spicy Warm Toxic

L V

(Dai) Zhe Shi


Hematite *Caution Pregnancy

Bitter Cold

H T L V P C

Mu Li
Oyster Shell

Salty Astring ent Cool

L V K D

~ Extinguishes wind & stops spasms & convulsions for acute & chronic childhood convulsions, opisthotonos, lockjaw, & seizures. ~ Attacks toxin & dissipates nodules used topically for toxic nodules in general including sores, carbuncles, & neck lumps. Also used for poisonous snakebite. ~ Unblocks the collaterals & stops pain for stubborn headaches (including migraines) & painful obstruction. **Which herb is contraindicated during pregnancy? Wu Gong** ~ Sedates & anchors the LV Yang & clears LV Fire for ascendant LV Yang w/ dizziness, vertigo, headaches, sensation of pressure around the eyes, or tinnitus. ~ Strongly directs rebellious qi downward for belching, vomiting, hiccups, & acute wheezing. ~ Cools the Blood & stops bleeding for vomiting blood & nosebleeds. Primarily used for bleeding due to hot blood, but can also be used for bleeding due to cold from Deficiency when combined properly. Can be used alone for this. **Which herb stops bleeding & guides blood downward? Die Zhe Shi** **Which of the following is used for belching & vomiting caused by rebellious Qi? Dai Zhe Shi** ~ Heavily settles & calms the spirit for palpitations w/ anxiety, restlessness, & insomnia. ~ Benefits the Yin & anchors the floating Yang for irritability, insomnia, dizziness, headache, tinnitus, blurred vision, bad temper, or a red, flushed face due to Yin Def. w/ ascendant Yang. ~ Prevents the leakage of fluids for continuous sweating in patients w/ steaming bone disorder or in the aftermath of a warm-heat pathogen disease. Also used as an astringent for spontaneous sweating, night-sweats, nocturnal emission, spermatorrhea or vaginal discharge, &

uterine bleeding due to deficiency. ~ Softens hardness & dissipates nodules various kinds of lumps. Particularly useful for lumps in the neck such as scrofula & goiter. ~ Absorbs acidity & A.P. used in calcined form for excessive ST pain w/ sour taste in the mouth. **Which herb prevents the leakage of fluids good for leukorrhea & uterine bleeding from deficiency?**

Tonify Qi
Ren Shen
Ginseng Root

Sweet Sl. bitter Sl. warm

LU SP

~ Powerfully tonifies the primal Qi for extreme collapse of the Qi or abandoned conditions that manifest in shallow breathing, shortness of breath, cold limbs, profuse sweating, & a pulse so minute or weak that it is almost imperceptible. Can occur after loss of blood, overly profuse sweating, or other problems related to severe fluid loss; can be used alone for this. ~ Strengthens the SP & tonifies the ST for lethargy, lack of appetite, chest & abd. distention, chronic diarrhea, & prolapse of ST, uterus, or rectum. ~ Tonifies the LU & augments the Qi wheezing, shortness of breath, labored breathing on exertion due to LU Qi Def. Usually also failure of KD to grasp Qi. ~ Generates fluids & stops thirst wasting & thirsting, also cases when the Qi & fluids have been

Xi Yang Shen
American Ginseng Root

sweet sl. bitter cold

HT KD lU

Dang Shen
Codonopsis Root Poor Mans Ginseng

Sweet Neutral

LU SP

Tai Zi Shen
Pseudostollaria Root Baby Ginseng

Sweet Sl. bitter Neutral

LU SP

Huang Qi
Astragalus Root Yellow Qi

Sweet Sl. warm

LU SP

Shan Yao
Dioscorea

Sweet Neutral

KD LU

injured by high fever & profuse sweating. ~ Benefits the HT Qi & calms the spirit palpitations w/ anxiety, insomnia, forgetfulness, & restlessness due to Qi & Blood Def. ~ Miscellaneous adjunctive effect b/c it strongly tonifies the primal qi, which underlies & supports all Qi activities of the body, it is used in a wide variety of situations where the stronger primal Qi will Indirectly aid in their resolution. **Which ones function is powerfully tonifies the original Qi? Ren Shen** **The properties of Ren Shen are: sweet, sl. bitter, sl. warm** ~ Benefits the Qi, generates fluids, & nourishes the Yin for Yin Def. w/ heat signs & chronic, unabating fever. Also for the aftermath of a febrile disease w/ weakness, irritability, & thirst. ~ Nurtures the LU Yin & clears fire from the LU LU Qi & Yin Def. w/ depleted fluids & blazing fire from deficiency, which impairs the clearing & dispersing functions. Longterm wheezing & coughing up blood-streaked sputum. Also for cough, coughing blood, & loss of voice due to LU Yin Def. **The Following are Qi Tonifying Herbs. Which ones function is benefits the Qi, generates fluids, nourishes the Yin? Xi Yang Shen** ~ Tonifies the middle jiao & augments the Qi lack of appetite, fatigue, tired limbs, diarrhea, vomiting, or any chronic illness w/ SP Qi Def. Also for symptoms of prolapse of uterus, ST, or rectum due to collapse of SP Qi. ~ Tonifies the LU LU Deficiency w/ chronic cough & shortness of breath, or copious sputum due to SP Qi Deficiency. ~ Also used w/ herbs that release the exterior or drain downward when the presentation includes significant Qi Def. supports the normal while the other herbs expel the pathogenic influences. **Which ones function is general tonifies Qi? Dan Shen** ~ Strengthens the SP & augments the Qi for SP & ST Def. w/ fatigue & lack of appetite. Also for LU Qi Def. w/ spontaneous sweating. ~ Generates fluids thirst & injury to fluids after a febrile disease. Also for unrelenting fever or summer-heat in children. **Which ones function is generates fluids used for unremitting fever or for summer heat in children?** ~ Tonifies the Qi & Blood postpartum fever due to Qi & Blood deficiency. Also used in recovery stage from severe loss of blood. ~ Tonifies the SP & raises the Yang for SP Def. w/ lack of appetite, fatigue, & diarrhea. Use for a wide variety of problems related to SP Qi Def. including Qi failing to contain the blood, sinking & collapse of the middle Qi, LU & SP Qi Def., insufficiency of both Qi & Blood, & fever from Qi Def. ~ Augments the protective Qi & stabilizes the exterior for def. w/ spontaneous sweating (b/c it stabilizes the protective Qi). Tonifies the LU & used for frequent colds or shortness of breath. Can be used for excessive sweating assoc. w/ Qi, Yang, or Yin Def. depending on how its combined. Can be used to produce a therapeutic sweat when diaphoretics dont work. ~ Promotes urination & reduces edema for edema from Def. marked by superficial edema & reduced urination. Can be used alone for this. ~ Promotes the discharge of pus & generates flesh for chronic ulcerations & sores due to Def. that either have trouble forming pus or have formed pus but are not draining or healing well. ~ For wasting & thirsting disorder, numbness of limbs, paralysis, & painful obstruction **Which of the following herbs raises the yang qi of the SP & ST? Huang Qi** **For chronic sores due to deficiency that have formed pus but have not drained well, one can use** ~ Tonifies & augments the SP & ST for SP or ST Def. w/ diarrhea, fatigue, spontaneous sweating, & lack of appetite.

Rhizome Chinese Yam Mountain Medicine

SP

Bai Zhu
Atractylodes Rhizome White Tree

Bitter Sweet Warm

SP ST

Da Zao
Jujube Chinese Date Big Date

Sweet Warm

SP ST

Gan Cao
Licorice Root Sweet Medicine *CI w/: Yuan Hua Da Ji Gan Sui Hai Zao

Unprepa red: Sweet Neutral DryFried: Sweet Warm

All 12 HT LU SP ST

(Bai) Bian Dou


Lablab Hyancinth Bean White Flat Bean

Sweet Neutral

SP ST

Yi Tang
Malt Sugar, Maltose

Sweet Sl. warm

LU SP ST

~ Tonifies the LU Qi & augments the LU Yin for chronic cough or wheezing due to LU Def. ~ Tonifies the KD & stabilizes & binds b/c it moistens & is neither hot nor cold, it benefits both the Yin & Yang of LU & KD. It is therefore used in treating wasting & thirsting, sometimes in large dosage as a stand-alone herb. It also secures the Essence & treats spermatorrhea, urinary frequency, & vaginal discharge. ~ Tonifies the SP & augments the Qi for SP or ST Def. w/ diarrhea, fatigue, sallow complexion, & lack of appetite. ~ Dried dampness & promotes water metabolism for accumulation of fluids affecting digestion as well as edema & reduced urination due to SP Def. & its failure to transform & transport. Used as an auxiliary herb for damp Bi. ~ Stabilizes the exterior & stops sweating for spontaneous sweating due to Qi Def. Can be used for other types of sweating when combined properly. ~ Calms the fetus for restless fetus , esp when due to SP Def. **Which of the following herbs stops sweating & restless fetus? Bai Zhu** **Which of the following is able to calm the fetus? Bai Zhu** ~ Tonifies the SP & augments the Qi for weakness, shortness of breath, lassitude, reduced appetite, & loose stools due to SP & ST Def. Can be prepared w/ rice or milled gruel for this purpose. ~ Nourishes the Blood & calms the spirit for the wan appearance, irritability, & severe emotional lability associated w/ restless organ disorder. ~ Moderates & harmonizes the harsh properties of other herbs. ~ Tonifies the SP & augments the Qi commonly used for SP Def. w/ shortness of breath, lassitude, & loose stools. Also for Qi or Blood Def. patterns w/ irregular or intermittent pulse &/or palpitations. ~ Moistens the LU & stops coughs cough & wheezing. B/c its neutral, it can be used for either heat or cold in the LU & for either productive or nonproductive coughs. ~ Moderates spasms & A.P. for painful spasms of the abdomen or legs. Traditionally this effect is only seen when combined w/ Bai Shao. ~ Clears heat & resolves fire toxicity used unprepared for carbuncles, sores, or sore throat due to fire toxin. Can be taken internally or applied topically. ~ Used as an antidote for a variety of toxic substances, both internally & topically ~ Moderates & harmonizes the characteristics of other herbs **Which of the following herbs moderates & harmonizes the characteristics of other herbs?** ~ Strengthens the SP, nourishes the ST, transforms dampness, & harmonizes the middle for chronic diarrhea w/ loud ST growling & reduced appetite due to SP Def. Also for vaginal discharge due to SP Def. ~ Clears summer-heat accompanied by dampness for summer-heat patterns, esp. w/ pronounced diarrhea or vomiting. ~ Treats poisoning for a variety of food related poisoning, including from spoiled food. **Which of the following herbs clears summer-heat? Bian Dou** ~ Tonifies the Sp & augments the Qi for overexertion that injures the SP w/ shortness of breath & reduced appetite. ~ Tonifies the middle jiao Qi & A.P. for abdominal pain due to cold from deficiency of the middle jiao w/ excessive salivation, pale tongue w/ white coating, & a deep, slow pulse. ~ Moistens the LU & stops coughs for dry, nonproductive coughs w/ labored, slow breathing, & a weak voice due to LU deficiency.

Tonify Yang
Lu Rong
Deer Velvet Deer Small Hair

Sweet Salty Warm

K D L V

Ge Jie

Salty

~ Tonifies the KD & fortifies the Yang patterns of KD Yang Def. w/ fatigue, impotence, cold extremities, lightheadedness, tinnitus, soreness & lack of strength in the lower back & knees, & frequent, copious, clear urination ~ Warms the Yang, regulates the Penetrating & Conception Vessels, & stabilizes the Girdle Vessel for vaginal discharge or uterine bleeding due to cold from Def. Also for infertility w/ a cold Womb can be used alone for this. ~ Tonifies the Du Vessel, augments the Essence & blood, & strengthens the sinews & bones esp. for cases of def. Essence & Blood in children w/ such physical &/or mental development disorders as failure to thrive, mental retardation, Learning disabilities, insufficient growth, or skeletal deformities (including rickets). Also for non-healing fractures w/ KD Def. & exhaustion of Essence. Nonhealing ulcers. Can be used alone for these ~ Tonifies & nourishes the Qi & blood chronic ulcerations or yin-type boils (concave, ooze clear fluid, & dont heal). **Does NOT calm the fetus** **Which of the following can tonify Du meridian & treat skeletal deformities?** **Which of the following are salty? Lu Rong, Rou Cong Rong, Ge Jie** **Lu Rong enters KD & LV** ~ Tonifies the LU Qi & assists the KD Yang KD & LU Def, when KDs are unable to grasp the qi, manifesting

Gecko

Neutr al Sweet Warm

U K D L U K D

Dong Chong Xia Cao


Cordyceps Chinese catipillar Fungus winter bug summer herb

Rou Cong Rong


Cistanche flesh/meat know how to well in a relaxed way

Sweet Salty Warm

LI K D

Suo Yang
Fleshy Stem Of Cynomorium lock/secure yang

Sweet Warm

LI K D L V

as wheezing. Also for consumptive cough or cough w/ blood-streaked sputum ~ Assists the KD Yang & augments the Essence & Blood impotence, daybreak diarrhea, & urinary frequency from KD Yang Def. ~ Augments the KD & tonifies the Yang for impotence & sore & weak lower back & lower extremities associated w/ KD Yang Def. ~ Tonifies the KD Yang, augments the LU Yin, transforms phlegm, & stops bleeding chronic coughs, wheezing from def., or consumptive coughs w/ blood-streaked sputum. Tonifies both Yin & Yang & can be taken long term. **Which one nourishes the LU Yin? Dong Chong Xia Cao** **For chronic cough w/ blood-streaked sputum & wheezing from deficiency, one uses: Dong Chong Xia Cao** **Which of the folliwing has the actions of tonifying KD Yang, augmenting LU Yin, transforming phlegm, & stopping bleeding? Dong Chong Xia Cao** ~ Tonifies the KD Yang & augments the Essence & Blood KD Yang Def. w/ impotence, spermatorrhea, urinary incontinence, post-urinary dribbling, & cold pains in the lower back & knees. In women w/ cold from def. of the Womb w/ infertility, excessive uterine bleeding, or vaginal discharge ~ Moistens the Intestines & facilitates passage of stool for constipation involving dry Intestines from inadequate fluids, esp. in the elderly, but also in the debilitated or those w/ def. blood or qi. **Which one tonifies the KD, fortifies the Yang & moistens dry Intestines? Rou Cong Rong** **Which one can moisten the intestines & open the bowels? Rou Cou Rong** ~ Tonifies the KD, assists the Yang, & augments the LV Yin & Blood KD Yang Def. leading to impotence, infertility, urinary frequency, & spermatorrhea. Also for atrophy disorder from LV & KD def. ~ Moistens the Intestines, unblocks the bowels, augments the Essence & nourishes the Blood constipation from Qi or Blood Def. ~ Tonifies the KD & fortifies the Yang KD Yang Def. w/ impotence, infertility, urinary frequency, forgetfulness, withdrawal, & painful cold lower back & knees ~ Dispels wind-cold-dampness & warms & unblocks the flow of Yang Qi for wind-cold-damp Bi w/ spasms or cramps in hands & feet, joint pain, & numbness in extremities. Also for contractures, numbness, or hemiplegia following wind-stroke **shouldnt be decocted for long periods of time b/c it injure the Yin

Yin Yang Huo Xian Ling Pi


Aerial parts of Epimedium immortal magic sp excessive goat herb

Spicy Sweet Warm

K D L V

Ba Ji Tian
Morinda Root a place traditional weapon, heaven

Spicy Sweet Sl. warm

K D

Hu Lu Ba
Fenugreek Seed Trigonella

Bitter Warm

K D

~ Tonifies the KD & fortifies the Yang for KD Yang Def. w/ impotence, male or female infertility, premature ejaculation, urinary frequency, incontinence of urine, irregular menstruation, cold & painful lower abdomen, & weak & sore back. ~ Disperses wind-dampness & strengthens the sinews & bones wind-colddamp Bi w/ underlying KD def. w/ tight musculature of the lower back & legs, joint pain, & difficulty moving. ~ Warms the KD, disperses dampness & cold, & A.P. KD Yang Def. accompanied by accumulation of cold or stagnant qi. Abdominal or flank distention & pain or bulging disorders. Also cold-damp leg qi. ~ Tonifies the KD & strengthens the back & knees KD Def. w/ cold & painful back & knees & urinary frequency ~ Warms the LU & helps the KD grasp qi def. LU chronic cough & wheezing that worsens w/ any exertion due to LU & KD Def. ~ Moistens the Intestines & unblocks the bowels constipation in the elderly or that associated w/ injured fluids following a febrile disorder ~ Tonifies KD & fortifies the Yang KD Yang Def. w/ impotence, premature ejaculation, enuresis, urinary frequency, cold & painful lower back, or weakness of the lower back & extremities.

Hu Tao Rou /Ren


Walnut foreign peach meat seed

Sweet Warm

K D LI L U

Bu Gu Zhi

Spicy Bitter

K D

Psoralea Fruit tonify bone fat/oil

V. warm

S P

Yi Zhi Ren
Alpinia Fruit Black Cardamon benefit will/ wisdom seed

Spicy Warm

K D S P

Xian Mao
Curculigo immortal spear

Spicy Hot Toxic

K D

Du Zhong
Eucommia Bark

Sweet Sl. spicy Warm

K D L V

Gou Ji
Cibotium Rhizome Chain Fern dog spine

Bitter Sweet Warm

K D L V

Xu Duan
Dipsacus Japanese Teasel Root restore what is broken

Bitter Sweet Spicy Sl. warm

K D L V

Gu Sui Bu
Drynaria Rhizome

Bitter Warm

K D L V

*Helps KD grasp Qi to treat wheezing. ~ Tonifies & warms the SP Yang & stops diarrhea diarrhea due to cold from def. of SP, borborygmus, & abdominal pain. Most appropriate in those w/ both SP & KD Def. ~ Used topically as a tincture for vitiligo **Which one aids the KDs grasp the Qi, used for wheezing Bu Gu Zhi** ~ Warms KD, retains the Essence, & secures the urine frequent & copious urination, incontinence of urine, spermatorrhea, or dribbling of urine from KD Yang Def. Also for irregular uterine bleeding ~ Warms SP, stops diarrhea, & controls salivation SP or ST cold from def. w/ diarrhea, cold abdominal pain, excessive salivation, a thick unpleasant taste in the mouth. Also for abd. pain, vomiting, & diarrhea from cold entering the SP & KD **This herb is often used for such symptoms as spermatorrhea, frequent & copious urination, urinary incontinence, or dribbling of urine from deficiency of KD Yang Yi Zhi Ren** ~ Tonifies the KD & fortifies the Yang impotence, urinary incontinence, nocturnal emission, & irregular menses from KD Yang Def. For infertility from either a cold Womb (in women), or cold Essence (in men) ~ Expels cold & eliminates dampness obstinate cold-damp Bi w/ generalized pain, a sense of weakness in the bones & sinews, & lower back & knee pain. Esp. useful for cold abd. or lower back pain. **Which of the following is toxic? Xian Mao** ~ Tonifies the LV & KD, strengthens sinews & bones for LV & KD def. w/ weak, sore, or painful lower back or knees, fatigue, & urinary frequency ~ Aids in the smooth flow of Qi & Blood used to promote circulation, esp. in those w/ weakness of sinews, bones ~ Calms the fetus patterns of cold from def. of KD w/ bleeding during pregnancy. Also prevents miscarriage when the fetus is restless or agitated, & when a pregnancy woman has significant back pain or is deficient ~ Recently used for dizziness & lightheadedness (hypertension) from rising LV Yang **Which of the following is recently used for hypertension? Du Zhong** **This herb is used to prevent miscarriage when the fetus is agitated & when the pregnant woman has significant back pain Du Zhong** ~ Tonifies the LV & KD & strengthens sinews & bones LV & KD Def. w/ stiffness, soreness, or weakness in the lower back, spine, & lower extremities ~ Expels wind & dampness wind-damp Bi w/ pain, soreness, or numbness. Esp. useful in patients w/ wind-colddampness who have an underlying def. of LV & KD ~ Warms & stabilizes the KD incontinence of urine & vaginal discharge due to KD Yang Def. **Which of the following can expel wind-damp? Gou Ji** ~ Tonifies the LV & KD, strengthens sinews & bones sore & painful lower back & knees, stiffness in the joints, & weakness in the legs from LV & KD Def. Esp. useful for these b/c it tonifies w/o causing stagnation. Also used for urinary dribbling from KD def. ~ Calms the fetus & stops leakage restless fetus, bleeding during pregnancy, threatened miscarriage. Also for def. related uterine bleeding & vaginal discharge ~ Promotes the movement of blood, A.P., & reconnects sinews & bones often used for trauma & external disorders (sores), & esp. for pain & swelling in the lower back & limbs from trauma. Can be applied topically or taken internally. Also for painful obstruction. **The following herbs expel wind, dampness & tonifies KD, except: Xu Duan (Gou Ji, Yin Yang Huo, Xian Mao do) ~ Tonifies the KD & strengthens bones weak low back & knees, diarrhea, tinnitus, diminished hearing, & loose, painful teeth & bleeding gums assoc. w/ KD def. ~ Promotes mending of sinews & bones traumatic injuries sucha s falls, fractures, contusions, & sprains. Esp. useful for ligamentous injuries & simple fractures ~ Stimulates the growth of hair used topically as a tincture for alopecia **Which of the following is used for promiting mending of sinews & bones? Gu Sui Bu**

Tu Si Zi
Cascuta Chinese Dodder Seeds

Spicy Sweet Neutr al

K D L V

Sha Yuan Ji Li
Sha Yuan Zi

Sweet Warm

K D L V L V L U K D

Zi He Che
Human Placenta

Sweet Salty Warm

Jiu Cao Zi
Leek Seeds

Spicy Sweet Warm

K D L V

~ Tonifies the Yang, augmenst the Yin, & secures the Essence & the urine KD Yang Def. w/ impotence, nocturnal emissions, premature ejaculation, tinnitus, urinary frequency, sore painful back , or vaginal discharge ~ Tonifies the KD & LV & improves vision LV & KD Yin & Yang Def. w/ dizziness, tinnitus, blurred vision, or spots before the eyes. ~ Benefits the SP & KD & stops diarrhea diarrhea or loose stools w/ a lack of appetite from def. of both SP & KD ~ Calms the fetus for habitual or threatened miscarriage **Which of the following can calm the fetus? Tu Si Zi** ~ Fortifies the Yang & secures the Essence KD Yang Def. lower back pain, tinnitus, impotence, premature ejaculation, urinary frequency or incontinence, or vaginal discharge ~ Nourishes the LV & improves vision diminished visual acuity or blurred vision from LV Def. **Which one tonifies the LV & KD, & brightens the eyes? Sha Yuan Ji Li** ~ Tonifies the LV & KD & augments the Essence for infertility, impotence, spermatorrhea, decreases libido, low back pain, lightheadedness, & tinnitus from insufficiency of KD qi & debility of the Essence & Blood ~ Augments the Qi & nourishes the Blood for emaciation, pallor, &/or insufficient lactation due to exhaustion of qi & blood, esp. in the aftermath of a major illness. Also for unremitting seizure disorders ~ Tonifies the LU Qi & augments the KD Essence wheezing due to LU & KD Def. Esp. useful between acute attacks or for consumption w/ nightsweats, emaciation, & debility, as well as chronic cases of cough & wheezing **Which of the following herbs tonifies powerfully the qi, blood & yang & benefits the Essence? Zi He Che** ~ Warms the KD, fortifies the Yang, & secures the Essence impotence, spermatorrhea, urinary incontinence or frequency, vaginal discharge, & weak & sore lower back & knees

Tonify Blood
Shu Di Huang
Cooked Rehmannia Root cooked earth yellow

Sweet Sl. warm

H T K D L V

~ Tonifies the Blood for Blood Def. w/ facial pallor, dizziness, palpitations, & insomnia. Commonly used when bl. def. leads to irregular menstruation, uterine bleeding, & postpartum bleeding. Best when there is Def. but no significant stagnation. ~ Nourishes the Yin LV & KD Yin Def. w/ weak lower back & limbs, dizziness, tinnitus, tidal fevers, night-sweats, nocturnal emission ~ Strongly enriches the Yin & relieves wasting & thirsting esp. useful for lower burner wasting, can be used alone in large doses for this. ~ Nourishes the blood & tonifies the Essence for problems w/ both blood & Essence such as delayed development during childhood, blunted affect, premature aging, diminished mental acuity, graying of hair, impotence, & memory loss **The following are herbs that tonify the blood. Which is the best one to tonify the Essence to benefit the

He Shou Wu
Fleezeflower Root (Sheng He Shou Wu) mr. he head black

Bitter Sweet Astring ent Neutral

L V H T LI

marrow? Shu Di Huang** Ton Liv Kid Aug essence Stop Leakage ~ Moistens the Intestines & unblocks the bowels for constipation, esp. associated w/ blood def., as even unprepared form of this herb has a mild blood-tonifying action ~ Relieves fire toxicity for fire toxin carbuncles, sores, scrofula, goiter, & neck lumps ~ Checks malarial disorder chronic malarial disorder w/ signs of qi & blood deficiency **The following herbs tonify the blood. Which is the best one to moisten the intestines & move the stools? He Shou Wu** ~ Tonifies the blood & regulates the menses blood def., esp. when affecting the HT & LV, w/ pallid, ashen complexion, lusterless nails, tinnitus, blurred vision, & palpitations. Also for blood def. associated w/ such menstrual disorders as irregular menstruation, amenorrhea, & dysmenorrhea ~ Invigorates & harmonizes the blood & dispels cold stops pain due to blood stasis. Abdominal pain, traumatic injury, & carbuncles due to blood stasis, esp. when accompanied by cold from deficiency. Important in postpartum period, & even during pregnancy if used w/ caution. Also for blood def. w/ chronic wind-damp Bi. ~ Moistens the Intestines & unblocks the bowels dry Intestines due to blood deficiency ~ Reduces swelling, expels pus, generates flesh, & A.P. sores & abscesses b/c it both tonifies & moves the blood. Also topically for this. ~ Treats coughs weak function **The following are herbs that tonify the blood. Which is the best one to tonify & vitalize the blood?** **Which of the following can moisten the Intestines & unblock the bowels? Dang Gui** ~ Nourishes the blood & regulates the menses for blood def. w/ menstrual dysfunction, vaginal discharge, & uterine bleeding accompanied by a pale, lusterless complexion, & dull, lusterless nails. Very commonly used for womens disorders ~ Calms & curbs the LV Yang & A.P. flank, chest, or abdominal pain, from either constrained LV qi or disharmony between the LV & SP. Used to soften & comfort the LV, stop painful spasms in the abdomen, stop cramping pain or spasms in the hands & feet, & alleviate abd. pain associated w/ dysenteric disorders. Also for headache & dizziness due to ascendant LV Yang. ~ Preserves the Yin & adjusts the Ying & Wei levels for spontaneous sweating, vaginal discharge & spermatorrhea, as well as exterior wind-cold from def. patterns w/ continuous sweating that does not resolve the problem. **The following herbs tonify the blood. Which is the best one to pacify the LV & A.P.? Bai Shao** **Which of the following is a sour herb? Bai Shao** ~ Tonifies the Blood dizziness, sallow or pale complexion, palpitations due to blood def. Can be used alone or melted in warm rice or millet wine. ~ Nourishes the blood & stops bleeding any type of bleeding. Best for consumptive disorder w/ coughing of blood, blood in stools, excessive menstrual bleeding, or uterine bleeding. ~ Nourishes & moistens the Yin Yin Def. w/ irritability & insomnia in the aftermath of a febrile disease. Also for dry LU cough due to Yin Def. or consumption. **The following herbs tonify the blood. Which is the best one to nourish the Yin & moisten the LU?** **Which of the following can nourish Blood & stop bleeding? E Jiao** **In Tonify Blood Category in Bensky ~ Nourishes & tonifies the LV & KD for Yin & Blood Def. w/ sore back & legs, low-grade abdominal pain, impotence, nocturnal emission, wasting & thirsting disorder, & consumption. Neither hot or cold, so commonly used in treating LV & KD Def. ~ Benefits the Essence & brightens the eyes for LV & KD def. where

Dang Gui
Tangkuei Chinese Angelica Root should return

Sweet Spicy Warm

H T L V S P

Bai Shao
White Peony Root Forget me not

Bitter Sour Mildly cold

L V S P

E Jiao
Donkey Skin Gelatin

Sweet Neutral

K D L V L U

Gou Qi Zi
Solanaceae Goji Berry

Sweet Neutral

L V L U K D

Sang Shen
Mulberry

Sweet Cold

Long Yan Rou


Longan Fruit Flesh dragon eye

Sweet Warm

H T L V K D H T S P

Essence & Blood are unable to nourish the eyes. Dizziness, blurred vision, & diminished visual acuity. ~ Enriches the Yin & moistens LU for consumptive cough & wasting & thirsting disorder. **in Tonify Blood Category in Bensky ~ Tonifies the Blood & enriches the Yin for dizziness, tinnitus, insomnia, & premature graying of the hair. Also for wasting & thirsting disorder due to Yin Def. ~ Moistens the Intestines for constipation due to Blood Def. or insufficient fluids ~ Tonifies & augments the HT & SP, nourishes the blood, & calms the Spirit for insomnia, heart palpitations, forgetfulness, or dizziness due to HT & SP def. Commonly used for problems associated w/ excessive pensiveness or overwork. Can be taken alone as a tea. **The following herbs tonify the blood. Which one best tonifies the HT & SP, nourishes the blood & benefits the Qi? Long Yan Rou**

Tonify Yin
Sha Shen
Bei Sha Shen
Glehnia Root

Mai Men Dong Mai Dong


Ophiopogon Tuber wheat door/entrance winter

Swee t Sl. bitter Sl. cold Swee t Sl. bitter Sl. cold

L U S T

H T L U S T

Tian Men Dong Tian Dong


Asparagus Tuber heaven door/entrance winter

Swee t Bitter V. cold

K D L U

Shi Hu
Dendrobium stone cup

Swee t Sl. salty Bland

K D S T

~ Nourishes LU Yin & clears LU heat for dry, nonproductive cough from heat injuring LU Yin marked by a dry mouth & thirst. ~ Nourishes the ST Yin & generates fluids dry & parched mouth, thirst, & irritability. Esp. useful when the problem is due to pathogenic heat, such as that of a warm pathogen disease injuring ST Yin. ~ Moistens the LU & nourishes the Yin used when the LU Yin has been injured w/ either hacking, dry cough or cough w/ thick sputum that is difficult to expectorate, or coughing up blood. Most suitable when the cause is pathogenic warm-dryness or dryness that has transformed into fire, as the herb has some ability to cool the LU ~ Augments the ST Yin & generates fluids for dry tongue & mouth due to insufficient ST Yin ~ Moistens the Intestines for constipation, dry mouth, & irritability, as in the aftermath of a febrile disease or any pattern of Yin Def. ~ Clears the HT & eliminates irritability for irritability due to Yin Def. or a warm-heat pathogen disease at the Ying level w/ fever & irritability worse at night. **The following are moisten Yin herbs. Which is the best one to moisten the LU & clear heat? Mai Men Dong & Sha Shen** **The following are moisten Yin herbs. The best one to moisten the HT & clear heat is Mai Men Dong** ~ Nourishes KD Yin & clears LU heat for Yin Def. w/ heat signs in the upper jiao, typically dryness of the mouth. Also for dry LU patterns w/ dry mouth & cough that is either nonproductive or productive of scanty, viscous sputum that may be streaked w/ blood. ~ Moistens LU, nourishes KD, & generates fluids for LU & KD Yin Def., esp. wasting & thirsting & consumption, w/ low-grade afternoon fever. Can be used for upper, middle, & lower jiao types of wasting & thirsting disorders. Also for constipation due to dry Intestines. **The following are moisten Yin herbs. Which is the best one to moisten the LU & clear heat?** **The best one that nourishes the KD & stops cough is Tian Men Dong** ~ Nourishes the Yin, clears heat, & generates fluids for parched mouth, severe thirst, or intractable fever assoc. w/ Yin Def. Most commonly occurs when fluids are injured in the course of a warm pathogen disease, but other reasons as well. ~ Enriches KD Yin & reduces heat from Deficiency for heat from Yin

Sl. cold

Yu Zhu
Polygonatum jade bamboo

Swee t Sl. cold

L U S T

Bai He
Lily Bulb hundred harmony

Swee t Sl. bitter Sl. cold Swee t Sour Cool

H T L U

Han Lian Cao


Mo Han Lian
Eclipta dry lotus herb

K D L V

Nu Zhen Zi
Ligustrum, Pivet Fruit women faithful seeds

Bitter Swee t Cool

K D L V

Hei Zhi Ma
Black Sesame Seeds

Swee t Neutr al

K D L V LI

Gui Ban
Fresh-water Turtle Shell (abdominal piece) *CI during Pregnancy

Salty Swee t Cold

H T K D L V

Def. & depleted fluids w/ a recalcitrant low-grade fever, dry & painful throat, & a red tongue w/ no coating. ~ Tonifies KD, augments Essence, & brightens the vision for diminished visual acuity, dizziness, & weakness of the lower back & legs assoc. w/ KD & LV Def. **Which of the following brightens vision? Shi Hu** **Which of the following is salty? Shi Hu** **Which of the following is good at nourishing ST Yin? Shi Hu** ~ Nourishes Yin & moistens dryness for LU & ST dry-heat or Yin Def. patterns w/ cough, dry throat, irritability, & thirst. Also steaming bone disorder & wasting & thirsting w/ intense hunger & constipation. ~ Extinguishes wind & softens & moistens the sinews for wind generated by insufficient fluids leading to pain & spasms in the sinews. Also for dizziness caused by Yin Def. & internal stirring of wind. Used alone in those w/ Yin Def. constitutions in cases of externally-contracted wind-heat **The following herbs moisten the Intestines & are good for constipation except: Yu Zhu** ~ Moistens the LU, clears heat, & stops coughs for dry LU or LU-heat coughs & sore throat. Esp. useful when a chronic cough due to LU heat has injured the Yin. ~ Clears the HT & calms the Spirit for intractable low-grade fever, insomnia, restlessness, & irritability in the aftermath of a febrile disease. Also for palpitations brought on by insufficiency of Qi & Yin. **This herb is used for clearing heat & calming the spirit: Bai He** ~ Nourishes & tonifies LV & KD Yin for LV & KD Yin Def. w/ dizziness, blurred vision, vertigo, & premature gray hair. ~ Cools the blood & stops bleeding for Yin Def. w/ bleeding due to heat in the blood, w/ vomiting or coughing blood, nosebleed, blood in stools, uterine bleeding, & *esp. bloody urine **Which of the following can cool Blood & stop bleeding? Han Lian Cao** ~ Nourishes & tonifies LV & KD for Yin Def. of LV & KD w/ dizziness, spots before the eyes, soreness of the lower back, premature graying hair, & tinnitus. ~ Augments the LV & KD & clears heat from Deficiency for internallygenerated heat from Yin Def. ~ Augments the LV & KD & improves vision for diminished visual acuity in patients w/ LV & KD Def. ~ Nourishes & fortifies the LV & KD for Yin Def. of LV & KD w/ blurred vision, tinnitus, & dizziness. Also used to help patients recover from severe illnesses. Increases quantity of breast milk. ~ Nourishes the blood & extinguishes wind headaches, dizziness, & numbness due to blood or Yin Def Particularly useful for dizziness that worsens w/ activity. ~ Moistens & lubricates the Intestines for constipation due to dry Intestines or blood deficiency ~ Nourishes Yin & anchors Yang for Yin De. w/ ascendant Yang w/ such symptoms as fever, nightsweats, dizziness, tinnitus, & steaming bone disorder. Also for Yin Def. of LV & KD that generates internal wind symptoms such as facial spasms & tremors of the hands & feet. ~ Benefits the KD & strengthens the bones for KD Yin Def. w/ soreness of the lower back, weakness in the legs, retarded skeletal development in children, or failure of the fontanel to close. ~ Nourishes the blood, enriches the Yin, & stabilizes the Chong & Ren vessels for red &/or white vaginal discharge (leukorrhea) or stroke in the debilitated. ~ Cools the blood & stops uterine bleeding for excessive menstruation or uterine bleeding caused by chaotic movement of hot blood ~ Nourishes blood & tonifies HT for HT deficiency w/ anxiety, insomnia, & forgetfulness ~ Also for non-healing sores & carbuncles **Which is the best one to benefit the KD & strengthen the bones? Gui Ban** **This herb is used for excessive menstruation or uterine bleeding caused by reckless movement of hot blood Gui ban** **Which of the following needs to be cooked first? Gui Ban**

Bie Jia
Soft-shelled Turble Shell *CI during Pregnancy

Salty Sl. cold

L V S P

Huang Jing
Polygonatum Rhizome yellow essence

Swee t Neutr al

K D L U S P

~ Nourishes the Yin & anchors the Yang for Yin Def. w/ fever, steaming bone disorder, nightsweats, or consumption. Often used when there are symptoms of internal stirring of LV Wind ~ Invigorates the blood, promotes menstruation, & dissipates nodules chest & flank accumulations causing pain & amenorrhea, as well as malarial disorders w/ palpable masses. Also for excessive menstruation due to hot blood. ~ Heavily anchors & causes to descend, unblocks & facilitates the functions of the blood vessels for problems in children due to internal clumping **The following herbs nourish Blood & Yin, good for premature grayin of hair except: Bia Jia (Nu Zhen Zi, Sang Shen, He Shou Wu do** **Which of the following can dissipate nodules? Bie Jia** **In Tonify Qi Category in Bensky ~ Tonifies the SP Qi & augments the SP Yin for SP & ST Qi Def. w/ lassitude, fatigue, & loss of appetite. Also for SP & ST Yin Def. w/ dry mouth, loss of appetite, loss of taste, dry stools, & a dry, red tongue ~ Enriches the Yin & moistens the LU for dry cough w/ little sputum production due to LU Qi & Yin Def. & cough due to consumption. For any type of cough where dryness is significant. Also fro exhaustion of KD Essence w/ lower back pain, lightheadedness, & weakness of lower extremities along w/ wasting & thirsting disorder. **The following herbs nourishes the Yin & brighten the eyes except: Huang Jing** **Which is the best one to tonify the SP & moisten the LU? Huang Jing** **This herb is used for wasting & thirsting disorder Huang Jing** **For SP Qi & SP Yin Def. one can use: Huang Jing**

Astringent Herbs / Stabilize & Bind


Shan Zhu Yu Shan Yu Rou
Cornus

Sour Sl. warm

K D L V

Wu Wei Zi
Schisandra Fruit

Sour Sweet Warm

H T K D L U

~ Stabilizes the KD & secures Essence for leakage of fluids due to weak Essence w/ urinary frequency, incontinence, spermatorrhea, & excessive sweating ~ Stops excessive sweating & supports that which has collapsed for excessive sweating, esp. in cases of devasted Yang & collapsed Qi, as in shock. Also when sweating was mistakenly induced as a treatment. ~ Tonifies & augments the LV & KD for LV & KD Def. w/ lightheadedness, dizziness, soreness & weakness of the lower back & knees, or impotence. ~ Tonifies the Essence & assists the Yang ~ Stabilizes the menses & stops bleeding for Def. patterns of excessive uterine bleeding & prolonged menstruation. Weak function. **Which herb tonifies KD & benefits the LV? Shan Yu Rou** **A 66 yr old male patient had suffered from lightheadedness, dizziness, sore & weak knees, & impotence. He was diagnosed as LV & KD Def. Which of the following can help him? Shan Zhu Yu** **Since it can stabilize KD & retain the Essence, this herb is often used for excessive urination, incontinence, spermatorrhea, & excessive sweating: Shan Zhu Yu** ~ Contains the leakage of LU Qi & stops coughs for chronic cough & wheezing due to LU Def., or patterns of LU & KD deficiency. Inhibits the leakage of LU Qi above, enriches the KD Yin below, & also stops coughs. *Chronic coughs ~ Tonifies the KD, binds the Essence, & stops diarrhea for nocturnal emission, spermatorrhea, vaginal discharge, & urinary frequency due to KD def. Also for daybreak diarrhea assoc. w/ SP & KD def. ~ Inhibits sweating & generates fluids excessive sweating, esp. when accompanied by thirst or dry throat. W/ other herbs used for spontaneous sweating, night-sweats, or

Wu Mei
Mume Fruit

Sour Astring ent Warm

LI L V L U S P

He Zi
Chebule

Bitter Sour Astring ent Neutral

L U S T LI

Rou Dou Kou


Nutmeg Seeds Myristica

Spicy Warm

LI S P S T

Chi Shi Zhi


Holloysite, Kaolin *Caution Pregnancy

Sweet Sour Astring ent Warm

S P S T LI

Lian Zi
Lotus Seed

Sweet Astring ent Neutral

H T K D S P

wasting & thirsting. ~ Quiets the Spirit while calming & containing the HT Qi for irritability, palpitations, dream-disturbed sleep, & insomnia due to injury to the blood & Yin of HT & KD or lack of communication between these two organs. Commonly used for various types of insomnia. **Which herb calms the Spirit & is good for insomnia? Wu Wei Zi** **This herb is used for quieting the Spirit & clearing the HT: Wu Wei Zi** **A 55 yr old female patient had suffered from chronic cough & wheezing. She was diagnosed as LU & KD Def. Which of the following can help her? Wu Wei Zi** ~ Inhibits the leakage of LU Qi & stops coughs for chronic cough due to LU Def. ~ Generates fluids & alleviates thirst for thirst due to heat from Def., or Qi & Yin Def. Often used for wasting & thirsting disorder due to heat from Def. ~ Expels roundworms & A.P. for roundworm induced vomiting & abdominal pain. Also occasionally used for abd. pain & vomiting not associated w/ parasites. ~ Binds up the Intestines & stops diarrhea for incessant chronic diarrhea or dysenteric disorders. Also used for blood in the stool. Can be used alone for these purposes. ~ Stops bleeding for blood in stools & excessive uterine bleeding w/ blood Def. symptoms of dryness & thirst, together w/ parched mouth. Can be used alone usually in charred form & powdered, for bleeding from the vagina, anus, or urethra. ~ Used topically as a plaster to treat corns & warts **The following herbs stop excessive sweating except: Wu Mei (Wu Wei Zi, Wu Bei Zi, Fu Xiao Mai do)** **Which herb expels roundworms & A.P.? Wu Mei** ~ Binds up the Intestines & stops diarrhea for chronic diarrhea & dysenteric disorders. For both hot & cold patterns, depending on how combines. Also for Intestinal Wind w/ blood in stools. ~ Contains the leakage of LU Qi, stops coughs, & improves the condition of the throat for chronic cough, wheezing, & particularly loss of voice. Can be used for cough due to phlegm-fire obstructing LU if combined properly **The following herbs contain Blood & stop bleeding except: He Zi (Chi Shi Zhi, Wu Bei Zi, Wu Mei do)** **The following herbs stabilize the KD & contain Essence good for spermatorrhea except: He Zi (Shan Yu Rou, Jin Ying Zi, Sang Piao Xiao do)** **He Zi has the action of: Binding up the Intestines & stopping diarrhea** ~ Binds up the Intestines & stops diarrhea for chronic, intractable diarrhea or daybreak diarrhea due to cold from Def. of SP & KD ~ Warms the middle jiao, moves Qi, & A.P. for pain & distention of the epigastrum & abdomen, reduced appetite, & vomiting due to cold from Def. of SP & ST **The following herbs contain leakage of LU Qi & stops coughing except: Rou Dou Kou (Wu Wei Zi, Wu Mai, Wu Bei Zi do)** ~ Binds up the Intestines & stops diarrhea for chronic diarrhea due to cold from Def., or chronic dystnteric disorders w/ mucous & blood in stools. Usually the diarrhea is chronic & is often accompanied by undigested food in the stool. ~ Contains the blood & stops bleeding for uterine bleeding, excessive menstruation, blood in stools, & bleeding prolapsed rectum due to cold from deficiency of the lower jiao. Also topically for bleeding from trauma ~ Promotes healing of wounds used in ground form & applied topically for chronic non-healing ulcers. Also used topically for weeping damp sores & prolapsed rectum **Which herb promotes healing of wounds & is good for chronic non-healing ulcers? Chi Shi Zhi** ~ Tonifies the SP & stops diarrhea for SP Def. w/ chronic diarrhea & loss of appetite. Both augments & binds, so very useful for these. ~ Tonifies the KD & stabilizes the Essence for premature ejaculation & spermatorrhea due to unstable Def. KD. Also for excessive uterine bleeding & vaginal discharge. ~ Nourishes HT & Calms the Spirit for palpitations w/ anxiety, irritability assoc. w/ def., & insomnia. Esp.

useful for problems assoc. w/ lack of communication between the KD & HT. **A 34 year old male patient had been suffering from poor sleep & diarrhea. He was diagnosed as SP Def. & HT Def. Which of the following can help him? Lian Zi**

Qian Shi
Euryale Seeds

Sweet Astring ent Neutral

K D S P

Jin Ying Zi
Cherokee Rosehip

Sour Astring ent Neutral Sweet Astring ent Neutral

Fu Pen Zi
Chinese Rasberry Rubus

U B K D LI K D L V

~ Strengthens SP & stops diarrhea for chronic diarrhea caused by weakness in transportative function of SP (internal accumulation of dampness). Esp. useful in children. ~ Stabilizes KD & secures the Essence for KD Qi Def. w/ nocturnal emission, premature ejaculation, spermatorrhea, & urinary frequency or incontinence. ~ Expels dampness & stops discharge for vaginal discharge (leukorrhea) due to either def. or damp-heat ~ Stabilizes the KD & secures Essence for spermatorrhea, urinary incontinence, & vaginal discharge due to def. & instability of the lower jiao. ~ Binds up the Intestines & stops diarrhea for chronic diarrhea & dysenteric disorders. ~ Augments & stabilizes KD, binds Essence, & contains the urine for urinary frequency or enuresis, impotence, spermatorrhea, premature ejaculation, or wet dreams due to KD Yang Def. ~ Assists the Yang & improves vision for poor vision, soreness of lower back, & impotence due to LV & KD Def. ~ Contains the leakage of LU Qi & stops coughs for chronic cough due to LU Def. ~ Binds up the Intestines & stops diarrhea for chronic diarrhea, dysenteric disorders, chronic blood in stools, & rectal prolapse. ~ Preserves & restrains for a wide variety of leakage problems, including nocturnal emission & spermatorrhea, excessive sweating, & bleeding. ~ Absorbs moisture, reduces swellings, & resolves fire toxicity topically as a powder or wash for sores, dermatosis, toxic swellings, & damp & ulcerated skin. Also topically for scar tissue ~ Inhibits sweating for many kinds of sweating from deficiency including spontaneous sweating from qi def. & night-sweats from Yin Def. *CI when sweating is caused by a pathogen in the exterior **A patient had been suffering from night sweats due to HT Yin Def. Which of the following can be used for him? Fu Xiao Mai** ~ Stops sweating many kinds of sweating due to qi def, nightsweats due to Yin Def., & postpartum sweating *CI for exterior disorders ~ Restrains, holds in, & stops bleeding for wide variety of bleeding patterns, esp. those from deficiency. Also topically as a powder to stop bleeding from trauma. ~ Secures the Essence & stops discharge for nocturnal emission, premature ejaculation, or vaginal discharge due to KD Def. *Very effective at stopping vaginal discharge & used for this for variety of causes ~ Controls acidity & A.P. used to harmonize ST acidity w/ stomach or epigastric pain, distasteful belching & acid regurgitation. ~ Resolves dampness & promotes healing topically as power for chronic, non-healing skin ulcers or damp rashes of long duration. **The following herbs strengthen the SP & stop diarrhea except: Wu Zei Gu (Lian Zi, Qian Shi, Rou Dou Kou do)** extended use can lead to constipation **Which herb controls acidity & A.P.? Hai Piao Xiao (Wu Zei Gu)** ~ Tonifies KD, assists the Yang, secures Essence, & contains urine for KD Yang Def. w/ dribbling urine, urine frequency, & nocturnal emissions (esp. w/o dreams). Very important in treating enuresis in children. Also for impotence

Wu Bei Zi
Gallnut of Chinese Sumac

Sour Salty Cold

K D LI L U

Fu Xiao Mai
Light Wheat Grain

Sweet Sl. salty Cool

H T

Ma Huang Geng
Ephedra Root

Sweet Neutral Salty Astring ent Sl. warm

L U K D L V S T

Wu Zei Gu
Hai Piao Xiao
Cuttlefish Bone

Sang Piao Xiao


Mantis EggCase

Sweet Salty Neutral

K D L V

Miscellaneous
Li Lu
Veratrum Root or Rhizome *CI during Pregnancy

Spicy Bitter Cold Toxic

L V L U S T

She Chuang Zi
Cnidium Seed

Spicy Bitter War m Sl. toxic

K D

In Transform Phlegm & Stop Cough Category ~ Induces vomiting to treat wind-phlegm for wind-stroke, seizures, & painful obstruction of the throat due to a welling up of phlegm. Also used to induce vomiting shortly after ingesting poisons. ~ Kills parasites & stops itching used externally for scabies, tines, & lice. **CI w/ Xi Xin, Bai Shao, Chi Shao, Ren Shen, Bai Sha Shen, Sha Shen, Xuan Shen, Ku Shen** **Which of the following is toxic? Li Lu** In Substances for Topical Application ~ Dries dampness, kills parasites, & stops itching topically as a wash, powder, or ointment for any kind of weeping, itchy skin lesions, esp. in genital area. Also for scabies & tines. ~ Disperses cold, dispels wind, & dries dampness for vaginal discharge due to cold-dampness or lower back pain due to wind-cold-dampness affecting KD & Du ~ Warms KD & fortifies Yang taken internally for impotence or infertility (male or female) due to KD Def. or cold Womb. **Which of the following tonifies Yang & warms KD? She Chuan Zi** **A patient had itchy weeping skin lesions in the genital area. Which of the following can be used topically as a wash for the patient? She Chuang Zi**