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Sanskrit Roots

Maintained by Doug Cooper (bugs to

Center for Research in Computational Linguistics, Bangkok
Whitney, William Dwight, The Roots, Verb-Forms, and Primary Derivatives of the Sanskrit
Language, 1885.
Whitney's work lists all the quotable roots of the Sanskrit language together with the tense
and conjugation-systems made from them, the noun and adjective (infinitival and participal)
formations that attach themselves most closely to the verb and with the other derivative noun
and adjective-stems usually classed as primary. on-line source
Pàõini, Dhàtupàñha, 5th Century BCE.
The Dhàtupàñha (lit. a study of roots or verb forms) divides some 2200 roots into ten
technical classes, including almost all irregular and noteworthy forms. These can be
expanded into series' of active, passive, casual desiderative and derivative groups. on-line
Below, √ items from Pàõini are indented. Whitney has been rechecked; Pàõini has not (n
variations are particularly suspect).
NOTE: links to Whitney page images (see) are not on-line.
*ùñhiv to spit, to sputter; deri. ùñyåta (i)
abhr to go, to wander about (i)
ac see a¤c, ac (bend)
ac to go; to request (i)
ac to distinguish, to particularise (x)
ac to speak indistinctly; to go; to request; to bend (i)
ac to worship; to honour or to revere (i)
àch to lengthen, to stretch, to make straight; deri. àchita (i)
ad see eat
ad to eat; deri. jagdha or annam (food), antum, jagdhvà, prajagdhya,
àdivas or jakùivas (ii)
aó to exert; to try (i)
aóó to join; to attack; to explain the sense of; to sue, to exert (i)
ag to wind, to go (i)
agh to sin (x)
ah see say
ah to pervade (v)
aj see drive
aj to go; to drive; to throw (i)
aj to make clear, to anoint, to be beautiful, to go; deri akta, ajitum or aïktum,
ajitvà or aïktvà or aktvà (vii)
aj to speak (x)
ak to move tortuously (i)
akù see mutilate
akù see attain
akù to pervade; to reach; to accumulate (i)
al to adorn; to be competent or able (i)
am see injure
am to be ill, to afflict with sickness (x)
am to go; to sound, to wait upon (i)
amb, to sound (i)
ambar to bring together (x)
aüh to shine (x)
aüh to go (i)
aüs to distribute (x)
aüs to speak (x)
aü÷ to distribute (x)
an see breathe
an to breath (iv)
an to breathe (ii)
aõ to breathe; deri. aõita (iv)
aõ to utter a voice, to sound (i)
a¤c, ac bend
andh to become blind, to shut eyes (x)
a¤g see move
aïg to go, to mark (x)
aïg to go (i)
aïgh to go; to hasten; to begin; to blame; to gamble (i)
aõh see be narrow or distressing
a¤j see anoint
aïk to mark (i)
aïk to go, to mark (x)
aï÷ see a÷1, aï÷ (attain)
ant, to bind (i)
aõñh to go (i)
aõñña to despise (x)
àndol to swing (x)
à¤ch tear
àp see obtain
àp to obtain (x)
àp to pervade, to obtain, to occupy, to reach; deri. àpta, àptum, àptvà (v)
arb to go, to injure, to kill (i)
arc, çc shine, praise
arc to worship (x)
arc to worship; to honour; to shine; to praise (Vedic) (i)
ard see çd, ard (stir, dissolve)
ard to kill, to hurt (x)
ard to go; to beg or request; deri. ardita solicited; abhyarõa near, proximate,
close, drawing near (of time) (i)
argh to be worth (x)
argh to be worth; to cost (i)
arh see deserve
arh to worship (x)
arj see çj1, ç¤j, arj (direct, stretch, attain)
arj to procure (x)
arj to procure; to earn (i)
ark to praise, to heat (x)
art see çt, art (pursue)
arth to request, to beg (x)
arv to kill (i)
àr see praise (?)
as1see be
as2see throw
a÷1, aï÷ attain
a÷2see eat
as to throw; deri. asta, asitum, asivas--àsàna (iv)
as to be (ii)
aù, as to go, to shine, to receive (i)
a÷ to pervade, to heap, to obtain, to go to; deri. aùña, a÷itum or aùñum (v)
a÷ to eat, (with pra to drin); deri. a÷ita, a÷itum, a÷itvà (ix)
às see sit
às to sit, to be; deri. àsãna, upàsya (ii)
at see wander
añ see wander
at to go constantly; to obtain (mostly Vedic) (i)
añ to wander (i)
añh to go (i)
aññ to transgress; to kill (i)
av see favour
av to protect, to move, to be lovely, to please, to satisfy, to know, to enter, to hear,
to own, to beg, to act, to desire, to shine, to obtain, to embrace, to kill, to take,
to be, to grow; deri. avita or åta (i)
or ava-dhãr to despise, to disregard (x)
ay see i1, ã, ay (go)
ay to go (i)
bad to be steady or firm (i)
badh see vadh, badh (slay)
badh to loathe; to be disgusted with, to shrink from; deriv. bãbhatsita (i)
badh, to bind, to restrain (x)
bàó to bathe; to dive (i)
bàdh oppress
bàdh to oppress, to torment (i)
bàh to endeavour (i)
bal1see whirl (?)
bal2see be strong (implied by Whitney's text p. 106)
bal to breathe (x)
bal to breath; to hoard grain (i)
balh to be pre-eminent (i)
balh to speak, to shine (x)
baüh to grow, to increase (i)
baõ to sound (i)
bandh bind
bandh to bind, to attract, to catch, to imprison, to wear, to form, to compose, to fix on,
to bear fruit; deri. baddha, banddhum, baddhvà (ix)
barh to be pre-eminent; to speak: to kill; to give (i)
barh to kill, to speak, to shine (x)
barv to go (i)
bas to stop (iv)
bast to injure, to ask, to go (x)
beh to endeavour (i)
bhà see shine
bhaj see divide, share
bhaj to worship; to honour, to divide; to be attached to, to serve; deri. bhakta,
bhàjya or bhàgya (i)
bhaj to speak, to shine (x)
bhaj to give, to cook (x)
bhaj to break, to split, to interrupt, to frustrate, to disappoint; deri. bhagna,
bhaïktum, bhaïktvà or bhaktvà (vii)
bhàj to divide, to distribute (x)
bhakù partake of, eat
bhakù to eat (i)
bhakù to eat, to devour (x)
bhal see perceive
bhal to see, to behold (x)
bhal, to speak, to kill, to give (i)
bhàm be angry
bhàm to be angry (x)
bhàm to be angry (i)
bhan speak
bhaõ speak
bhaõ to speak, to call (i)
bhand be bright
bhand to be prosperous or glad (i)
bhaõó to be fortunate, to be happy, to cheat(x)
bhaõó to speak, to jest, to chide (i)
bhaïh make firm
bha¤j break
bharts revile
bharts to menace, to reprove, to beride (x)
bharv devour
bharv to kill (i)
bhas devour
bhaù bark
bhas to censure, to blame, o shine (iii)
bhaù to bark, to revile (i)
bhàs shine
bhàù speak
bhàs to shine, to appear, to become evident (i)
bhàù to speak, to say; to call, to describe (i)
bhañ hire
bhañ to speak, to call (i)
bhañ to hire, to nourish (i)
bheù to fear, to go (i)
bhã, fear
bhã to fear, to be afraid of, to be anxious about; deri. bhãta, bhetum (iii)
bhid see split
bhid to break, to cut asunder, to transgress, to divide, to open, to cause to expand, to
change, to perplex, to distinguish, to disturb, to betray, to set at variance; deri.
bhinna or bhittam (a fragment), bhettum, bhittvà (vii)
bhikù beg
bhikù to ask; to beg for without obtaining, to be weary or distressed, to obtain (i)
bhind to split, to divide (i)
bhiùaj heal
bhãù see bhã, bhãù (fear)
bhlakù to eat (i)
bhlà÷ to shine, to glitter (i)
bhleù to shine, to glitter (i)
bhç see bear
bhç to bear, to support, to nourish, to protect, to produce, to bestow, to hire (iii)
bhç to support, to bear, to have, to fill; deri. bhçta, bhàrya, bhartum, bhçtvà
bhé to blame, to censure, to nourish, to maintain; deri. bhårõa, bhårtvà (ix)
bhràj shine
bhrakù to eat (i)
bhram wander
bhram to be unsteady, to wander, to totter(iv)
bhram to roam about; deri. bhrànta, bhràmitvà (i)
to fall, to drop down; deri. bhraùña (i)
to fall down, to decrease, to escape; deri. bhra÷yat, bhraùña,
bhraü÷ bhraü÷itvà or bhraùñvà, bhraü÷itum (iv)
bhraõ to speak (i)
bhraï÷, fall
bhra÷ see bhraï÷, bhra÷ (fall)
bhra÷ to fall, to drop down (i)
bhrasj to fry, to roast, to parch; deri. bhçùña, bhraùñum or bharùñum (vi)
bhrà÷ to shine, to glitter (i)
bhrej to shine, to glitter(i)
bhreù totter
bhreù to fear, to go (i)
bhrã see consume
bhrã to fear, to support (ix)
bhçj to parch, to fry (i)
bhçjj, roast
bhçü÷ to speak, to shine (x)
bhç÷ to fall down; deri. bhçùña, bhra÷itvà or bhçùñvà, bhar÷itum (iv)
bhruó to cover, to collect, to plunge (vi)
bhråõ to hope, to fear (x)
bhå see be
bhå to obtain, to attend; bhàvayate (x)
bhå to be; deri. bhåta, bhàvya, bhavya (i)
bhå to be purified, to consider, to mix; bhàvayati (x)
bhuj1see bend
bhuj2see enjoy
bhuj to bend, to curve, to be crooked (vi)
bhuj to protect, to govern, to rule; deri. bhukta, bhojya or bhogya, bhoktum,
bhuktvà (vii)
bhåüù to adorn (x)
bhur see quiver
bhuraj see bhçjj, bhuraj (roast)
bhåù attend upon, adorn
bhåù to adorn, to decorate (i)
bhyas fear
bhyas to fear (i)
bil to break (vi)
bil to break, to split, to divide (x)
bind to split, to cleave, to divide (i)
bis to throw, to instigate, to go, to split, to grow (iv)
biñ to swear, to curse, to shout (i)
blã see vlã, blã (crush)
bçh1see make big or strong
bçh2 see vçh, bçh2 (tear)
bçh to work, to labour; barhitasmi, baróhàsmi; deri. bçóha, barhitum or
baróhum, barhitvà or bçóhvà (vi)
bçüh to increase, to sound (i)
bçõh see vçõh, bçõh (roar)
bçnn to grow, to increase (i)
brå see say
brå to speak; to say; to tell; deri. ukta, uktvà, vaktum (ii)
brås to kill, to hurt (x)
buó to discharge, to cover (vi)
budh know, wake
budh to know; to understand; to think (i)
budh to make known; to inform; to teach (i)
budh to know, to understand, to awake, to be restored to one's senses; deri. buddha,
boddhum, buddhvà, prabudhya (iv)
bukk to bark, to speak (x)
bukk to bark; to sound; to yelp; to speak (i)
bul see submerge
bund to perceive; to apprehend; deri. budga, butvà (i)
bus to discharge, to emit (iv)
bust to respect, to disrespect (x)
byus to divide (iv)
cac to go; to shake; to leap (i)
cah to be wicked, to be proud, to cheat (x)
cah to be wicked; to be proud; to cheat (i)
cak see quake
cak to be satisfied, to repel; to resist, to shine (i)
cak to be satisfied (i)
cakàs shine
cakàs to shine, to be bright or prosperous (ii)
cakk to suffer, to give pain (x)
cakù see see
cakù to speak, to tell, to see; deri. khyàta or k÷àta (ii)
cal see stir
cal to foster, to cherish (x)
cal to play; to amuse oneself (vi)
cam see sip
cam (a Vedic root) to eat; camnoti (v)
cam to eat; to drink (i)
camb to go (i)
camp to go (i)
camp to go (x)
can see be pleased
can to believe, to kill (x)
can to kill (i)
caõ to go, to sound (i)
ca¤c see dance
cand see ÷cand, cand (shine)
cand to be glad; to shine (i)
caõó to be angry (x)
caõó to be angry (i)
caïk to reel; to roll (i)
cap to console; to sooth (i)
cap to grind (x)
car see move
car to doubt (with vi, asaü÷aye to think) (x)
car to go; to walk, to graze; to eat; deri. carya, ceràõàcàrya an instructor (i)
carb to go (i)
carc see repeat
carc to discuss, to condemn; to censure (i)
carc to peruse, to study (x)
carv see chew
carv to eat, to chew (x)
carv to chew, to eat; to browse; to chop; to bite (i)
caù to eat (i)
cat see hide
cañ see go (?)
cat, to beg, to request (i)
cañ to break, to rain, to cover (i)
cañ to kill, to injure; to break (x)
cay to go (i)
cày see note, observe
cày to worship, to discern (i)
cel to shake; to go (i)
ceùñ stir
ceùñ to act (i)
chà see cut up
chad1se cover
chad2 see chand, chad2 (seem, please)
chad to conceal, to cover (x)
chad to close, to conceal, to cover (x)
cham to eat, to consume (i)
chand, seem, please
chand to cover, to please, to persuade (x)
chand to cover (i)
chard to vomit (x)
chaù to hurt; to injure, to kill (i)
chañ to cover; to veil; to hide (i)
ched to divide, to cut (x)
chid see cut off
chid to cut, to interrupt, to destroy; deri. chinna, chettum, chittvà (vii)
chidr to perforate, to bore (x)
chãk to endure (i)
chill to become loose; to act wantonly; to sport (i)
chinh to mark (x)
cho to cut, to mow; deri. chàta or chita, chàtum, chitvà (iv)
chçd spew, eject
chçd to shine, to play; deri. chçnna, charditum, charditvà or chçttvà (vii)
chçd to kindle (x)
chçd to kindle (i)
chçp to kindle, to beg (x)
chçù to beg or request (i)
chuó see chuñ, chuó (wrench)
chuó to cover (vi)
chup to touch (vi)
chur see scatter
chur to cut; to engrave; to envelop (vi)
chuñ, wrench
chuñ to cut (vi)
ci1see gather
ci2see note, observe
ci to collect (x)
ci to collect, to cover; deri. cita, cettum, citvà (v)
cãb to take, to wear, to cover (i)
cãbh to coax, to boast (i)
cikk to give pain (x)
cãk to suffer (x)
cil to dress (vi)
cint see think
cint to remember (i)
cint to contemplate, to think, to discuss (x)
ciri, jiri (Vedic roots) to kill (v)
cit, kit perceive, know, appear
cit to perceive; to think; to recover consciousness (i)
cit to think, to perceive, to see, to regain consciousness (x)
ciñ to send out (x)
ciñ to send out (i)
citr to paint, to make variegated, to see or regard anything as wonderful (x)
cãv to speak, to shine (x)
cçp to excite, to light (x)
cçp to excite; to light (i)
cçt see bind
cçt to kill; to hurt; to connect together; deri. cçuta, cartitum, cartitvà (vi)
cucya to bathe, to churn, to press (i)
cud see impel
cud to drive, to put forward, to press, to push on (x)
cud to become small (x)
cuó to conceal (vi)
cuóó to sport, to hint one's meaning (i)
cukk to suffer pain (x)
cul to raise, to elevate (x)
cull to sport, to make amorous gestures (i)
culump suck in
to swing, to rock; to agitate (i)
cumb kiss
cumb to kiss (i)
cumb to kill (x)
cuõó to become small, to cut off (i)
cuõñ to cut off (i)
cup see stir
cup to move slowly (i)
cur see steal
cur to steal, to assume (x)
cår to burn (iv)
cårõ to pulverize, to crush, to drive, to contract (x)
cåù see draw, suck
cåù to drink (i)
cuñ to cut (vi)
cuñ, to cut (x)
cyu see move, stir
cyu to go; to drop down; to fall, to swerve (i)
cyu to endure, to laugh (x)
cyus to endure, to laugh (x)
cyut see drip
cyut to flow; to trickle (i)
dà1, dad give
dà2see divide, share
dà3, di bind
dà4see clear
dà to give (iii)
dà to cut(ii)
dà to give; deri. datta, deya, yacchat, dadivas (i)
dabh, harm
dad see dà1, dad (give)
dad to give; to offer; to present (i)
dadh see dhà1, dadh (put)
dadh to hold: to possess (i)
dagh reach to
dagh to destroy, to protect (v)
dah see burn
dah to reduce to ashed; to burn; to scorch; to torment; deri. dagdha (i)
dai to purify; to cleanse, to be purified (i)
dakù be able
dakù to increase, to do or act quickly (i)
dakù to go; to kill (i)
dal see burst
dal to break; to split; to expand, to open (i)
dal to cut, to tear (x)
dam see control
dam to be quiet, to restrain, to tame, to subdue; deri. damita, dànta, damitvà,
dàntvà, damitum, damathuh (iv)
dambh see dabh, dambh (harm)
dambh to send, to propel (x)
dambh to deceive, to injure; deri. dabdha, dambhitum, dabdhvà or
dambhitvà (v)
daüs to speak (x)
daü÷ to bite; to sting; deri. daùña (i)
daü÷ to see, to bite(x)
daü÷ to speak (x)
daü÷ to bite, to sting (x)
dan see straighten (?)
daõó to punish, to fine, to be subdued (x)
daïs see be wondrous
daï÷, bite
da÷ see
dàn to cut off, to straighten; deri. dãdàüsita (i)
to be poor; to be distressed (ii)
das, dàs waste
da÷ see daï÷, da÷ (bite)
das to see, to bite; dàsayate (x)
das to perish; deri. dasa, dasitvà, dastvà, dasitum (iv)
dàs see das, dàs (waste)
dà÷ see make offering
dàs to give (i)
dà÷ (a Vedic root) to kill (v)
dà÷ to give; to offer an oblation (i)
dàt to cut, to divide (x)
day see share
day to pity, to give; to go; to protect; to kill; to take (i)
dày to give (i)
óab to throw, to send (x)
óam see sound
óamb mock
óap to collect (x)
de to protect; deri. datta, dayamàna, dàtum, digyàna (i)
dev see dãv2 (dev) (lament)
dev to play, to sport; to lament (i)
dhà1, put
dhà2see suck
dhà to hold, to put, to maintain, to give, to grant, to bear, to assume, to have; deri.
hita, dheya, hitvà; dadhàna (iii)
dhakk to kill, to destroy (x)
dhàkh to be dry, to be able (i)
dham, blow
dhaüs to fall down; to perish; to go (i)
dhan run
dhan (a Vedic root) to bear fruit, to produce crops of grain; dadhàna,
dhanitàsmi; dhanyàsam (iii)
dhaõ, to sound (i)
dhanv run
dhanv to go (i)
dhav flow
dhàv1se run
dhàv2se rinse
dhàv to run; to flow, to cleanse, to wash; deri. dhautvà (i)
dhe to suck, to drink, to draw; deri. dhãta, dhàtum, saüdhàya (i)
dhek to see (x)
dhi, nourish
dhã, think
dhi to hold; to possess (vi)
dhã to support, to hold, to despise; deri. dhãna, dhetum, dhãtvà (iv)
dhikù to kindle, to be harassed or weary, to live (i)
dhinv see dhi, dhinv (nourish)
dhinv to please, to delight (i)
dhiù (a Vedic root) to sound; didheùa (iii)
dhmà see dham, dhmà (blow)
dhmà to blow; to breathe out, to produce sound by blowing, to blow a fire, to
manufacture by blowing; deri. àdhmàya, dhamat, dadhmivas,
dhmàsyat (i)
dhor to go quickly, to run, to trot; to be skilful (i)
dhç see hold
dhç to hold, to owe; dhàrayati (x)
dhç to hold, to support, to possess, to keep, to seize, to place (i)
dhç to be; to exist; dhriyate, dadhre, dhartàhe, dhariùyate, adhçta (vi)
dhé to grow old (ix)
dhràó to divide; to split (i)
to be able or competent (i)
dhrai to be pleased (i)
dhraj, sweep
dhraj to go (i)
dhràj see dhraj, dhràj (sweep)
to desire; to caw; to crow (i)
dhraõ to sound as a drum or other instrument (i)
dhraõj to go (i)
dhras to glean (i)
dhras to glean (x)
dhras to glean; deri. dhrasta; dhrasitvà or dhrastvà; dhrasitum (ix)
dhrek to sound; to be filled with joy (i)
dhrij to go (i)
dhçj, to go (i)
dhçù dare
dhçù to come together, to hurt or injure, to offend (i)
dhçù to offend, to overcome (x)
dhçù to be bold, confident, impudent or impatient; to challenge; deri. dharùita or
dhçùña, dharùitum-dharùitvà (v)
dhru see dhvç, dhur, dhru (injure)
dhru to be firm (i)
dhru to go; to be fixed; dhruvati (vi)
dhruv to go; to stand firm (vi)
dhu see dhå, dhu (shake)
dhå, dhu shake
dhu to shake; to tremble (v)
dhå to shake, to excite; deri. dhåta, dhotum; dhavitum; dhåtvà (v)
dhå to shake; to cause to tremble; dhuvati, dudhàva (vi)
dhå to shake; to tremble (ix)
dhå to shake, to agitate; dhånayati (x)
dhå to shake, to excite (i)
dhukù kindle
dhukù to kindle; to be harassed or weary, to live (i)
dhåp to heat, to fumigate, to perfume, to be heated (i)
dhåp to speak, to shine (x)
dhur see dhvç, dhur, dhru (injure)
dhurv to injure, hurt or kill; deri. dhårta (i)
dhår to kill, to go (iv)
dhårv injure
dhå÷, to make splendid (x)
dhvaj to go (i)
dhvaj to go (i)
to desire; to caw; to crow (i)
dhvan sound
dhvan to sound (x)
dhvan to sound (i)
dhvaõ to sound (i)
dhvaïs, scatter
dhvas see dhvaïs, dhvas (scatter)
dhvç, injure
dhru see
dhvç to bend; to kill (i)
dhyà think
dhyai to think of, to meditate, to recollect; deri. dhyàt (i)
óhauk to go, to approach; deri. upaóhaukya, óuóhaukàna (i)
óhàuk approach
dã1see fly
dã2, shine
di see dà3, di (bind)
dã to perish, to decay; deri. dãna, dàtavya; dàtum; dãtvà; pradàya,
didãyàna (iv)
didhã to shine; to appear (ii)
dãdhã see dhã, dãdhã (think)
dãdã see dã2, dãdã (shine)
dih see smear
dikù to increase; to anoint; smear; to soil; deri. digdha; dhekùyat (ii)
dãkù be consecrated
dãkù to be shaved; to perform a sacrifice, to invest with a sacred thread; to practise
self-restraint; to teach religious observances; to prepare oneself for the
performance of a sacred rite; to dedicate oneself to (i)
dinv to be glad or pleased, to gladden, to please (i)
dãp see shine
dãp to shine, to burn, to be illustrious; deri. dãpta, dãpitvà; dãpitum (iv)
di÷ see point
di÷ to give; to order; to tell; to show; to grant; deri. diùña, diùñvà, deùñum
div see dãv1, div (play)
div to play with dice or gamble, to desire; to overcome, to traffic, to shine, to
praise, to be glad, to be mad or drunk, to be sleepy, to wish for, to go; deri
dyåna or dyåta; devitum; devitvà or dyåtvà; dãvyat; deviùyat;
didivas (iv)
div to cause to lament (x)
div to lament; deri. devitvà or dyåtvà (i)
div to rub (x)
dãv1, div play
dãv2 lament
óã see fly
óã to fly; to pass through the air; deri. óayita (i)
óã to fly; deri. óãna, óãyamàna (iv)
óip to collect, to heap together (x)
óip to throw, to send (x)
óip to throw (iv)
do to cut, to mow (iv)
dç1see pierce, split
dç2see heed
dç to honour; to care for; (mostly with à); deri. àdçta, àdartum, àdçtya (vi)
dç (a Vedic root) to kill (v)
dé to tear, to split open; to fear (ix)
dé to fear; deri. darkùrõa (i)
drà1see run
drà2see sleep
drà to run, to fly, to be spoiled, to sleep; deri. dràõa, nidràya (ii)
dràó see split
dràó to cut, to split (i)
dràgh to be able; to stretch; to exert oneself; to be weary; to vex; to wander about (i)
dràh to wake (i)
drai to sleep; deri. dràõa, nidràya (i)
dràkh to become dry; to be able; to prevent; to adorn (i)
dram run
dram to go; to run (i)
dràükù to desire, to utter a discordant sound (i)
drav see door ('perhaps')
dçbh bunch
dçbh to tie; to string (i)
dçbh to fear (x)
dçbh to string, to connect (x)
dçbh to string; to connect (mostly with saü); deri. dçbdha, darbhitum,
darbhitvà (vi)
drek to sound; to show joy; to be exhilarated (i)
dçh, make firm
dçïh see
dçh, to increase; to prosper; to fasten; to be firm (i)
dçüph to give pain (vi)
dçïh see dçh, dçïh (make firm)
or drohitavya, drogdhum or droóhum or drohitum (iv)
dçp see rave
dçp to give pain (vi)
dçp to be glad; to be proud; deri. dçpta; darpitvà or dçptvà; darpitum or
darptum or draptum (iv)
dçp to light; to kindle; to inflame (i)
dçp to light, to kindle (x)
dçph to give pain (vi)
dç÷ see see
dç÷ to see; to behold; to visit; to learn; to investigate (i)
dru see run
drå see hurl (?)
dru to kill; druõàti (ix)
dru to go, to flow, to run; to retreat, to melt; to attack, to rush (i)
druh see be hostile
druh to bear hatred, to seek to hurt; deri. dugdha or dråóa, drogdhavya or (iv)
druõ to go; to kill; to make crooked (vi)
du, då burn ('another root seems inferrable')
då see du, då (burn ('another root seems inferrable'))
du to go; deri. dåna, dåtvà, dotum (i)
du to give pain, to burn, to be distressed; deri. duta, dotum, dutvà (v)
dudh stir up
duh see milk, derive
duh to injure, hurt or kill (i)
duh to milk; to extract; to yield; deri. dugdha, duhya or dohya (ii)
duhkh to give pain (x)
dul see raise
dul to shake to and fro (x)
durv to kill; deri. dårta (i)
duù see spoil
duù to be soiled, to be impure, to sin; deri. duùña; doùtum; duùñvà (iv)
dviù see hate
dviù to hate; to dislike (ii)
dvç to cover, to appropriate (i)
óval see mix
dyai to despise; to disfigure (i)
dyu see attack
dyu to assail, to advance towards; deri. dyuta, dyavya (ii)
dyut see shine
dyut to shine; to be bright (i)
edh see thrive
edh to grow: to increase, to prosper, to extend, to swell, to rise (i)
ej, ãj stir
ej to shine; deri. ejamàna (i)
ej to tremble or shake (i)
eù see ãù, eù (move)
eù to go (i)
eñ to annoy; to oppose (i)
gà1see go
gà2see sing
ga to sing, to relate; deri. gãta (i)
gà (a Vedic root) to praise, to be born; jagau, gàsyati (iii)
gà to go (i)
gach see gam, gach (go)
gad see say
gad to thunder (x)
gad to speak, to say (i)
gaó to distil (i)
gadh attach (?)
gàdh to set out for, to dive, to seek, to compile, to string together, to stay (i)
gah to be thick, to enter deeply into (x)
gàh see plunge
gàh to dive, to bathe; to penetrate, to agitate or churn, to be absorbed in; to hide
onself in; to destroy; deri. gàóha, gàhitavya (i)
gaj to sound (x)
gaj to sound or roar; to be drunk or confused (i)
gaj to sound (i)
gal see drop
gal to flow, to dissolve (x)
gal to eat; to drip (i)
galbh dare
galbh to be bold or confident (i)
galh to blame, to censure (i)
gam, go
gam to go; deri. gata, àgamya, jagmivas (i)
gaõ to count (x)
gand to affect the cheek (i)
to injure, to ask; gandhayate (x)
gaõó to affect the cheek (i)
garb to go (i)
gard see exult (?)
gard to sound (x)
gard- to play (i)
gardh to desire (x)
garh see chide
garh to blame; to censure (i)
garh to censure, to blame (x)
garj see roar
garj to roar (x)
garj, to roar; to growl; to thunder (i)
garv to be proud (i)
garv to be proud (x)
gaveù to seek, to hunt after (x)
gep to shake (i)
geù to search; to investigate (i)
gev to seve (i)
ghagh to laugh (i)
ghaõñ to speak; to shine (i)
ghaõñ to speak, to shine (x)
ghar see ghç, ghar (drip (ghç be hot 'probably identical'))
gharb to go (i)
ghas eat
ghas to eat; to devour (i)
ghañ strive
ghañ to move, to collect, to speak (x)
ghañ to act; to be intently occupied with; to happen; to be united with; to come to, to
reach (i)
ghaññ rub, etc.
ghaññ to shake (i)
ghaññ to shake, to stir (x)
ghiõõ to take (i)
ghç, drip (ghç be hot 'probably identical')
ghar see
ghç to sprinkle (i)
ghç to sprinkle, to cover (x)
ghç (a Vedic root) to sprinkle, to shine; jigharti; ghriyàsam (iii)
ghrà see smell
ghrà to smell (i)
ghçõ to shine, to burn (viii)
ghçõõ to take (i)
ghçù rub
ghçù to grind, to pound, to strike, to rub, to brush, to polish (i)
ghu to sound (i)
ghuüù to diffuse lustre (i)
ghuõ to roll (vi)
ghuõ to stagger; to reel (i)
ghuõõ to take (i)
ghur to frighten; to sound (vi)
ghår to kill, to become old (iv)
ghårõ waver
ghårõ to roll; to whirl (vi)
ghårõ to whirl; to roll; to reel (i)
ghuù sound
ghuù to proclaim, to announce (x)
ghuù to be beautiful or brilliant (i)
ghuù to sound, to proclaim (i)
ghuñ turn (?)
ghuñ, to strike against (vi)
ghuñ to return; to exchange (i)
gil see gç2, gir, gil (swallow)
gir see gç2, gir, gil (swallow)
glà see be weary
glah see gamble
glai to despond, to wane; to be fatigued (i)
glep to be poor or miserable; to shake (i)
gleù to seek (i)
glev to serve or worship (i)
gluc to go (i)
gluh to take (i)
gom to smear, to anoint (x)
goùñ to assemble; to collect; to heap together (i)
gç1see sing
gç2, gir, swallow
gil see
gç3, jàgç wake
gç to sprinkle, to wet (i)
gç to know; gàrayate (x)
gç to sound; to speak; to praise (ix)
gé to swallow; deri. gãrõa, gãrtvà, gari(rã)tum, gali(lã)tum (vi)
grabh, seize
grah see
grah see grabh, grah (seize)
grah to take; to captivate; to buy; to understand; deri. gçhãta, grahãtum,
gçhãtvà (ix)
gràm to invite, to conceal (x)
granth see grath, granth (tie)
granth to put together; to compose; to arrange, to fasten; deri. grathita,
granthitum, grathitvà or granthitvà (ix)
granth to bind, to arrange (x)
granth to be crooked or wicked, to bend (i)
granth to bind, to arrange in a regular order (i)
gras see devour
gras, to eat; to devour, to swallow; to consume; to seize; to eclipse; to destroy; deri.
glas grasta, jagrasàna (i)
gras to take, to devour (x)
grath, tie
gçdh be greedy
gçdh to covet, to long for; deri. gardhitum (iv)
gçh to take, to seize (x)
gçh to take; to seize (i)
gçj, to sound, to roar, to grumble (i)
gruc, to steal; deri. grukta (i)
gu see sound
gu to void or discharge excrement; deri. gåna (vi)
gu to speak inarticulately; deri. guta, gotum, gavamàna, juguvàna (i)
gud to play (i)
guó to protect (vi)
gudh to be angry (ix)
gudh to cover (iv)
gudh to play (i)
guh see hide
guh to cover; to hide (i)
guj to sound (vi)
guj to hum or buzz (i)
guj to hum or buzz, to sound inarticulately (i)
gulph bunch
gumph see guph, gumph (twine)
guõ to invite, to advise, to multiply (x)
gund to tell a lie (x)
guõó to envelope, to protect, to pound (i)
guõó to enclose, to protect, to pound (x)
gu¤j see hum
guõñh cover up
guõñh to enclose, to envelop (x)
guõñh to enclose; to envelope (i)
gup see protect
gup to censure; to despise, to hide (i)
gup to be confused or disturbed; deri. gupita, gupitvà or gopitvà (iv)
gup to speak, to conceal, to shine (x)
gup to protect, to conceal (i)
guph, twine
guph, to string together (vi)
gur see greet
gur to kill, to go; deri. gårõa, gåritum (iv)
gur to make an effort; deri. gårõa (vi)
gurd to dwell (x)
gurv to endeavour, to elevate (i)
går to make an effort (x)
gård see exult (?)
gård to praise (x)
gårdh exalt (?)
hà1see leave
hà2see go forth
hà to go, to attain; deri. hàna, heya, hàtum, hivà (iii)
hà to abandon, to leave, to desert, to omit, to neglect; deri. hãna, hàtum, hitvà
hà to go, to aggain; deri. hàna, heya, hàtvà (iii)
had see cacare
had to void or discharge excrement; deri. hanna, hattvà, haktum (i)
hàd to sound, to row (i)
hag to cover, to conceal (i)
hal to plough, to make furrows, to go (i)
hal, hil to express amorous inclinations (vi)
hal to shake, to go (i)
hamm, to go, to move (i)
han see smite
han to kill, to go; deri. hata, hantavya, ghàtya or vadhya, ghat,
ghnànam, haniùyat, jaghanvas (ii)
har see be gratified
hary to go, to shine (i)
has see laugh
has to sound, to become small (i)
has to laugh, to smile, to joke, to open, to resemble, to ridicule (i)
hàs see go emulously
hañ to shine (i)
hañh to leap, to be wicked, to treat with violence (i)
heó to surround, to clothe (i)
heó to disrgard (i)
hel see hãó, hel (be hostile)
heù see whinney
heù to bray; to roar, (in general) to neigh (as a horse) (i)
heñ, to be wicked, to vex (i)
heñh to be wicked, to vex, to hinder (ix)
hi see impel
hi to go; to grow (v)
hãch to be ashamed or modest, to blush (i)
hió to go, to wander, to disregard (i)
hãó, hel be hostile
hikk see sob
hikk to make any indistinct sound (i)
hikk to injure, to kill (x)
hiüs to kill (i)
hiüs to kill (vii)
hiõó see be empty
hiïs see injure
hinv to please, to satisfy (i)
hiùk, to injure, to kill (x)
hiñ to curse, to swear, to shout (i)
hiñha, to be born again, to come forth (ix)
hlàd see refresh
hlàd to sound, to be glad; deri. hlanna (i)
hlag to cover, to conceal (i)
hlas to sound (i)
hnu see hide
hnu to conceal, to take away, to deny (ii)
hoó to disregard (i)
hoó to go, to move (i)
hç1see take
hç2see be angry
hç (a Vedic root) to take forcibly (iii)
hç to carry, to bring, to take, to steal, to acquire, to captivate, to charm; deri. hçta,
hartavya, hàrya, hartum, hçtvà (i)
hràd see make a noise
hras see shorten
hreù see neigh
hreù to neigh (as a horse), to go, to creep (i)
hrã see be ashamed
hçù see be excited
hçù to tell a lie; deri. hçùña, harùitum (i)
hçù to rejoice, to exult, to stand erect as hair; deri. hçùña or hçùita, harùitum,
harùitvà (iv)
hru see hvç, hru, hur (be or make crooked)
hu see sacrifice
hå, hvà call
hu to sacrifice, to eat, to please; deri. huta, hutvà, hotum (iii)
huó to go (i)
huó to collect (vi)
håó to go (i)
hul to go (i)
huõó to collect, to select, to take away (i)
hur see hvç, hru, hur (be or make crooked)
hurch to be crooked, to deceive (i)
hårc see fall away
hvà see hå, hvà (call)
hval see go wrong
hval to move, to shake, to be confused, to be afflicted (i)
hve to vie with, to challenge, to call, to ask, to invoke; der. håta, hveya,
hvàtum, àhåya (i)
hvç, hru, be or make crooked
hur see
hvç to be crooked, to deceive (i)
i1, ã, ay go
i2, inv, in send
ã see i1, ã, ay (go)
i to go; deri. ita, etum, itvà, upetya, yat, eùyat, ãyivaas (ii)
i with adhi to think of, to remember; deri. adhãta, adhyetum (ii)
i with adhi to study (ii)
i to go; deri. ita, etum, itvà, uditya, ayat, iùyat, ãyiùas (i)
ã to go; deri. ãta, etum, ãtvà (iv)
ã to go; deri. ãta (i)
ã to go, to pervade, to conceive, to desire, to throw, to eat; deri. ãta, etum,
ayat, ayàcakçvas (ii)
ich see iù1, ich (seek, desire)
ió see (not defined)
idh, indh kindle
ãó see praise
ãó to praise (x)
ãó to praise (ii)
ig see stir
ãh see be eager
ãj see ej, ãj (stir)
ãj to go; to censure, to blame (i)
ikh to go, to move; deri. ikhita, ekhitum, ekhitvà, ãkhivas (i)
ãkh see swing
ãkh, to go (i)
ãkù see see
ãkù to see (i)
il see be quiet
il to sleep, to throw (vi)
il to send, to cast (x)
in see i2, inv, in (send)
indh see idh, indh (kindle)
indh to shine, to kindle; indhe, endham, indhàm, indhãya (vii)
iïg to go, to move (i)
iïkh to go, to move (i)
iõñ to have superhuman faculties, to be powerful (i)
inv see i2, inv, in (send)
inv to pervade; to please; to be satisfied (i)
ãn to endeavour, to obtain, to aim at, to wish (i)
ãr see set in motion
ãr to go (i)
ãr to go, to shake (ii)
ãr to throw, to pronounce (x)
ãrùy see be jealous
ãrùy, to envy (i)
iù1, ich seek, desire
iù2see send
iù to repeat (ix)
iù to go (iv)
iù to wish; deri. iùña, eùitum or eùtum, icchat, ãùivas (vi)
ãù, eù move
ã÷ see be master
ãù to escape, to kill, to see (i)
ãù to glean (i)
ã÷ to rule, to command, to possess powder (ii)
iñ see wander (?)
iñ to go (i)
jà see jan, jà (give birth, be born)
jà to know; to ascertain; to recognize; to consider; deri. jàta, jeya, jàtum,
jàtvà (ix)
jà (generally with à) to command, to direct; àjàpayati (x)
jabh see jambh, jabh (chew up, crush)
jabh to yawn, to gape; deri. jabdha, jambhitum, jajabhàna (i)
jaó to heap (i)
jagh see eat, devour
jàgç see gç3, jàgç (wake)
jàgç to be awake or watchful (ii)
jai to decay (i)
jaj to fight (i)
jaj to fight (i)
jajh see ('doubtful character and meaning')
jakù1see eat
jakù2see laugh
jakù to eat, to consume, to laugh (ii)
jal to cover (x)
jal to strike, to be rich, to hide; to encircle, to be sharp; to be cold, stiff, dull, or
dumb (i)
jalp see murmur, speak
jalp to speak, to prattle, to babble, to murmur, to chatter, to praise (i)
jam to eat; deri. jànta, jàntvà, jamitvà (i)
jambh, chew up, crush
jabh see
jambh to destroy (x)
jamm to destroy (i)
jaüs to protect, to release (i)
jaüs to protect, to release (x)
jan, jà give birth, be born
jan (a Vedic root) to be born; jajanti, jaati, janyàsam (iii)
jan to be born, to grow, to become; deri. jàta, janitum, janitvà (iv)
ja¤h see ('doubtful character and meaning')
jap see whisper
jap to know, to cause to know, to see, to please (x)
jap to mutter, to mediate (i)
jarc, to speak, to blame (i)
jarj to say; to blame; to kill; to reprove (vi)
jas see be exhausted
jas to injure, to strike (i)
jas to set free; deri. jasta, jasitvà or jastvà, jasitum (iv)
jas to hurt, to strike (x)
jaù to kill (i)
jañ to become matted (as hair) (i)
jeh see loll, pant
jeh to try, to go (i)
jeù to go (i)
jham to eat; to consume (i)
jhaõ see sound
jhar see fall
jharjh to speak; to blame; to menace (vi)
jharjh to speak; to hurt, injure or kill; to menace (i)
jhaù to hurt, injure or kill (i)
jhaù to take, to put on or wear (i)
jhañ see confuse
jhañ to become matted together (as hair), to become confused or entangled (i)
jhé to become old; to decay (ix)
jhé to grow old (iv)
ji1see conquer
ji2, jinv quicken
jã see jyà, jã (overpower, injure)
ji to conquer; to overcome; to surpass, to win, to restrain (i)
jim to eat (i)
jinv see ji2, jinv (quicken)
jinv to please; to be lively, active, busy; to excise; to animate, to promote, confer (i)
jinv to speak (x)
jiù to sprinkle (i)
jãv see live
jãv to live, to revive, to live upon (i)
j¤à see know
jç1, jur waste away
jç2see sing
jé to grow old, to decay; jàrayati (x)
jé to grow old, to waste away; to decay (ix)
jé to grow old, to waste away; to decay; deri. jãrõa, jarat (i)
jé to grow old, to decay, to perish, to be digested; deri. jãrõa, jari(rã)tavya,
jàrya, jarya, jari(rã)tum, anurjãrya, jãryat, jijãrvas (iv)
jri see go
jri to conquer; to defeat, to grow old (i)
jri to grow old, to decay; jràyayati (x)
jçmbh gape
jå see be swift
ju to go, to be quick (i)
juó to send, to direct (x)
juó, to go (vi)
jug to abandon; to exclude (i)
jumbh to gape; to yawn; to expand; to open; to spread; to increase, appear, to rise (i)
jur see jç1, jur (waste away)
jår to kill, to grow old, to be angry (iv)
jårv see consume
juù see enjoy
juù to please; to like; to take delight in; to suffer; to enter; deri. juùña, joùitum
juù to reason; to investigate; to be satisfied; to hurt (i)
juù to think, to examine, to be satisfied (x)
jut to shine (i)
jval see burn, flame
jval to blaze; to glow; to shine; deri. prajvalya (i)
jvar see be hot
jvar to be hot with fever or passion; to be ill; deri. jårõa (i)
jyà, jã overpower, injure
jyà to become old, to decay; deri. jãna, jyàtum, jãtvà (ix)
jyu to go (i)
jyut see shine
kà see kan, kà (be pleased, enjoy)
kab to colour (i)
kac to bind (i)
kac to shine; to bind (i)
kac to cry (i)
kàc to shine; to bind (i)
kad see destroy
kad to be confounded, to grieve (i)
kaó to be confused; to be proud (i)
kaóó to be harsh or rough (i)
kag to perform or do anything or act (i)
kai to sound; deri. kàta, kàyat, cakivas (i)
kak to wish; to be proud; to be unsteady; to be thirsty (i)
kakh to deride or laugh at (i)
kakh to deride(i)
kàkù see desire
kal see drive, produce, etc.
kal to sound; to count (i)
kal to go, to count, to hold, to know, to regard (x)
kal to throw (x)
kall to sound indistinctly (i)
kàl to count the time (x)
kam see love
kam to love, to long for; to have intercourse with; to value highly; deri. kànta,
kàmya (i)
kamb to go (i)
kamp tremble
kamp to shake or tremble (i)
kaüs to go, to destroy (ii)
kan, kà be pleased, enjoy
kan to shine; to love; to wish; to go; Vedic (to be contented) (i)
kaõ to go or approach (i)
kaõ to cry or bewail (i)
kaõ to wink (x)
kand to be confounded; to grieve (i)
kand to call; to shed tears (i)
kaõó to be proud; to unhusk (i)
kaõó to be proud (i)
kaõó to separate the chaff from the grain, to protect (x)
kaïk to go (i)
kaõñh to grive for, to miss (i)
kaõñh to be anxious, to remember with regret (x)
kàïkù to desire or long for (i)
karb to go or approach (i)
kard to rumble; to caw (i)
karj to pain (i)
karõ to bore (with à to hear) (x)
kart to slacken (x)
karv to be proud, to boast (i)
kas see open
kaù see scratch
kas to go (i)
kaù to kill or injure; to try on a touchstone; to rub (i)
ka÷, to go, to punish (ii)
ka÷ to sound (i)
kàs see cough
kà÷ see appear, make a show
kàs to cough (i)
kà÷ to shine (iv)
kà÷ to shine (i)
kañ to rain; to cover or to surround (i)
kañ to go or approach (i)
kañ to go (i)
kath to tell (x)
kañh to drag on the days of life, to live in distress (i)
katr to slacken (x)
katth boast
katth to praise; to boast; to flatter; deri. vikatthya, cakatthàna (i)
kav to praise; to describe, to compose a poem (i)
kel to shake; to sport (i)
kep to shake or tremble (i)
ket to make hear, to call, to advise (x)
khà see khan, khà (dig)
khab, to go (i)
khac show through
khac to be born again; to come forth (ix)
khac to fasten, to set (x)
khad be hard
khad to be firm, to kill (i)
khaóh to break in pieces (x)
khàd chew
khàd to eat; to devour (i)
khai to strike; to be firm; deri. khàta, khàyat (i)
khaj to limp (i)
khaj to churn; to agitate (i)
to laugh at (i)
khaë to gather or collect; to move or shake (i)
khall be relaxed
khan, dig
khà see
khan to dig up; deri. khàta, kheya (i)
khaõó, to break in pieces (x)
khaõó to break, to cut, to tear to pieces (i)
kha¤j limp
kharb to go (i)
khard to bite, to sting (i)
kharj creak
kharj to pain; to worship (i)
kharv to proud or haughty (i)
khaù to injure, hurt or kill (i)
khañ to desire (i)
khaññ to cover, to screen (x)
khel see stagger
khel to shake; to tremble; to play (i)
kheñ, to eat (x)
khev to serve (i)
khid see tear
khid to be distresed; deri. khinna, khettum, khittvà (iv)
khid to strike; to afflict; to be displeased; deri. khinna (vi)
khid to be displeased or distressed; khiõtte, akhindi (vii)
khil to glean (vi)
khiñ to fear, to frighten (i)
khoñ, to limp, to be lame (i)
khoñ, to throw, to eat (x)
khu to sound (i)
khud futuere
khuó to cover (vi)
khuj to rob; to steal (i)
khuõó to limp; to break into pieces (i)
khur to cut (vi)
khurd to play (i)
khyà see
khyà to relate, to tell (ii)
ki (a Vedic root) to know; ciketi (iii)
kil to become white; to sport (vi)
kil to send (x)
kãl to bind; to fit (i)
kir see kç2, kir (scatter)
kiùk to kill (x)
kit see cit, kit (perceive, know, appear)
kit to dwell (x)
kit to desire (i)
kit to live; to heal or cure; to doubt; deri. cikitsita (i)
kiñ to fear; to frighten; to go or approach (i)
kãñ to tinge, to colour (x)
klad to make defective (iv)
klam be weary
klam to be fatigued; deri. klànta, klamitum; klamitvà or klàntvà (iv)
klam to be fatigued; deri. klànta, caklanvas (i)
kland see krand, kland (cry out)
kland to call out; to cry (i)
klap to whisper (x)
klath turn (?)
klath to kill (x)
klath to hurt or kill (i)
klav see stammer
kle÷ to speak inarticulately; to impede (i)
klev to serve (i)
klãb to behave like a eunuch; to be timorous or modest or unassuming (i)
klid see be wet
klid to become wet; deri. klinna; kletavyam or kleditavya (iv)
klind to lament (i)
kli÷ see distress
kli÷ to be afflicted; to torment; deri. kli÷ita or kliùña (iv)
kli÷ to torment, to distress; deri. kli÷ita or kliùña, kle÷itum or kleùñum,
kli÷itvà or kliùñvà (ix)
këp see be adapted
klu to go (i)
klup to be fit for; to be able; deri. klupta, kalpitum (i)
kmar to be crooked (i)
knas to be crooked in mind or body, to shine; deri. knasta, knasitvà or knastvà
knath to kill (x)
knath to hurt, to injure, to kill (i)
knå see wet
knå to sound (ix)
knåy to make a creaking sound; to be wet; to sink (i)
kç1 (skç) make
kç2, kir scatter
kç3see commemorate
kç to do, to make; deri. kçta; kartum; kçtvà (viii)
kç to kill; deri. kçta, kartum, kçtvà (v)
ké to scatter; to throw (with apa to scratch the ground for food or abode); deri.
kãrõa, kari(rã)tum, kari(rã)tvà (vi)
ké to kill, to hurt; deri. kãrõa, kari(rã)tum, kãrtvà (ix)
krad to be confounded, to grieve (i)
krakù crash
kram stride
kram to walk; to step; to go, to cross; to leap; to ascend; deri. krànta, kramitum,
cakraõvas (i)
krand, cry out
krand to call out; to cry (i)
krand to lament; to grieve (i)
krand to cry out continually (generally with à) (x)
krap to pity; to go (i)
krath be jubilant
krath to injure, hurt or kill (i)
kçó to become thick (vi)
krã see buy
krã to buy; deri. krãta, kretum, krãtvà (ix)
krãó see play
krãó to amuse oneself; to play; to gamble; to make a noise or creak or break (i)
kçnt to surround; kçõatti (vii)
kçp see lament
kçp to be able(x)
kçù see drag, plough
kç÷ see be lean
kçù to draw; to plough; deri. kçùña, karùñum, àkçùya, cakçùbas (i)
kçù to draw, to plough (vi)
kç÷ to make or become emaciated; deri. kçsa, prakçsita, karitum, kar÷itvà
or kçz÷itvà (iv)
kçt1see cut
kçt2see spin
kçt to cut; deri. kçtta, kartitum, kartitvà (vi)
két to mention, to celebrate (x)
kru see be rough or raw
kruc to make crooked; to bend or curve; to lessen (i)
krudh be angry
krudh to be angry; deri. kruddha, kroddhum (iv)
kråó see thicken (?)
kru÷ cry out
kru÷ to call out; to cry (i)
kùà see burn
kùad divide
kùad to cut, to protect, to eat (i)
kùai to wane, to decline; to decay, to waste away; deri. kùàma, kùeya (i)
kùaj to live in distress (x)
kùaj to kill (i)
kùaj to go, to give (i)
kùal see wash
kùal to wash, to cleanse; deri. kùalita, kùàlayitum, kùàlayitvà, prakùàlya
kùam endure
kùam to forgive; to suffer; to allow; to put up with; to resist; to be able to do anything
kùam to endure; to forgive (iv)
kùamp to forgive or endure (i)
kùamp to endure, to forgive (x)
kùan wound
kùaõ to wound, to hurt, to kill; deri. kùaõa; kùaõivum; kùatvà (viii)
kùap be abstinent
kùap to throw, to cast (x)
kùar see flow
kùar to flow; to ooze; to wane; to become useless, to melt (i)
kùeó to eat (x)
kùev to spit out (i)
kùi1see possess
kùi2, kùã destroy
kùã see kùi2, kùã (destroy)
kùi to decay; to wane, to waste (i)
kùi (a Vedic root) to kill (v)
kùi to dwell; to go (vi)
kùã to kill; deri. kùãta, kùetum, kùãtvà (ix)
kùã to kill (iv)
kùãb to be drunk or intoxicated (i)
kùãj to speak inarticulately (i)
kùiõ to kill, to hurt; deri. kùita, kùeõitum, kùiõitvà or kùitvà (viii)
kùip see throw
kùip to throw (vi)
kùip to throw (iv)
kùiñ to make an inarticulate sound (i)
kùiv to eject from the mouth; to vomit; to spit out; deri. kùyåta, prakùãvya (i)
kùiv to spit; deri. kùyuta, kùyåtvà, kùevitvà (iv)
kùãv to be drunk or intoxicated (i)
kùãv to spit out (i)
kùmà tremble
kùmày to tremble; to shake (i)
kùmãl to wink (i)
kùõu whet
kùõu to whet (ii)
kùoñ to throw, to cast (x)
kùu see sneeze
kùu to sneeze (ii)
kùubh quake
kùubh to be agitated, to shake; deri. kùubhita or kùubdha (iv)
kùubh to tremble; to agitate (ix)
kùubh to be agitated; to disturb (i)
kùud crush
kùud to pound, to crush; deri. kùuõõa, kùoktum, kùuttvà (vii)
kùud to go (i)
kùudh be hungry
kùudh to be hungry; deri. kùudhita, kùoddhum (iv)
kùump to go (i)
kùup be startled (?)
kùup to be intoxicated (i)
kùur to scratch (vi)
kùvel play
kùvel to leap, to move; to shake (i)
kùvid hum
kùvió hum
kùvid to be wet (i)
kùvió, to melt, to discharge; deri. kùviõõa or kùvedita, kùveditum, kùviditvà
kùvid or kùveditvà (iv)
kùvió to be wet or unctuous; to discharge juice, to emit sap (i)
kå see design
ku to sound; deri. kuta, kotum, kavamàna, cukuvàna (i)
ku to moan (vi)
ku to hum (ii)
kå to sound; to groan (vi)
kå to sound; kunàti (ix)
kubh to wet (i)
kuc, shrink, curl
kuc to contract; to shrink; to be crooked (generally with saü) (vi)
kuc to make crooked; to bend, or curve; to lessen (i)
kuc to utter a shrill cry (as a bird); to contract; to bend; to be crooked; to impede; to
write or delineate (i)
kud to tell a lie (x)
kuó to act as a child; to heap (vi)
kuó to sink; to become thick; kuóhati (vi)
kudr to tell a lie (x)
kåó, kål burn
kåó to become firm; to eat (vi)
kuh to surprise, to deceive (x)
kuj to protect (x)
kuj to steal (i)
kuj to make any inarticulate sound, to hum; to coo; to warble (i)
kåj see hum
kuk to take; to accept; to seize (i)
kul to collect; to be related or to behave as a kinsman; to proceed uninterruptedly;
to reckon (i)
kål see kåó, kål (burn)
kumàr to play (x)
kumb to cover (i)
kumbh to cover (i)
kump, to cover, to dress (x)
kump to cover; to dress (i)
kuüs to speak (x)
kuüs to speak (i)
kuü÷ to shine (i)
kuü÷ to shine (x)
kuõ to sound; to support with gifts (vi)
kuõ to invite (x)
ku¤c see kuc, ku¤c (shrink, curl)
kuõó to burn (i)
kuõó to maim or mutilate (i)
ku¤j see rustle
kunth to hurt; to suffer pain (i)
kuõñ to be lame (i)
kuõñ to cover (x)
kuõñh dull
kuõñh to be mutilated or blunted; to loosen; to be dull or stupid or idle (i)
kåõ see shrink
kåõ to speak, to hold a consultation (x)
kup see be angry
kup to speak, to shine (x)
kup to be angry; deri. kupitvà, kopitvà (iv)
kur to sound (vi)
kurd to play; deri. kårdita (i)
kård see leap, exult
kuù see tear
kus to embrace, to surround; deri. kusitvà, kusitum or kositum (iv)
kuù to draw out, to extract, to tear, to expel; kçùõàti; deri. kuùita but niùkuùita
only, koùitum (niùkoùitum or niùkoùtum), kuùitvà only (ix)
kusm to smile improperly (x)
kut to cover (i)
kuñ to cut (i)
kuñ to break into pieces (iv)
kuñ to be crooked, to bend (vi)
kuñ to break to pieces (x)
kuth see stink
kuth to kill (ix)
kuth to become putrid (iv)
kuth, to cling to, to hurt (ix)
kuts to despise, to blame (x)
kuññ divide, crush
kuññ to cut, to censure (x)
kuññ to boil (x)
to support (x)
kåñ to burn, to give pain (x)
kåñ to avoid giving; to render indistinct or unintelligible (x)
kvaõ sound
kvaõ to jingle; to tinkle; to hum; to warble (i)
kvath boil
kvath to boil; to decoct; to digest (i)
là see grasp
là to take; to give; to melt; deri. làta, làsyat, lalivas (ii)
labh see take
labh to get, to obtain, to take, to have to find, to be able, to know; der. labdha,
labhya, labdhrima (produced by gain); labhà (gain) (i)
làbh to throw, to direct (x)
lacch to mark (i)
làch to mark; to distinguish (i)
laó to play (i)
laó to loll the tongue, to churn; to blame, to harass (i)
lag see attach
lag to taste, to obtain (x)
lag to adhere to, to become united, to come in contact, to happen, to approach, to
touch, to produce an effect; deri. lagna, lagita (i)
làgh to be able (i)
laiõ to go; to approach; to embrace; to send (i)
laj to injure, to be strong, to take, to dwell, to speak, to shine, to be manifest (x)
laj to fry, to roast, to blame, to traduce (i)
laj to fry, to roast (i)
laj to be ashamed; to be bashful; deri. lagna or lajjita; lajjitum; lajjitvà (vi)
lajj see be ashamed
làj, làj to blame, to fry (i)
lakh to go or move (i)
lakh to go, to move (i)
lakù see mark
lakù to see, to look at (x)
lakù to observe, to mark (x)
làkh to dry; to adorn, to suffice (i)
lal see sport
lal to desire, to seek (x)
lal to play (i)
lam see take pleasure
lamb hang down
lamb to sound, to delay, to fall, to hang down (i)
laõó to speak, to shine (x)
laõó to throw up (x)
laõó to speak, to shine (i)
laõó to throw up (i)
la¤gh leap
laïg to go, to limp (i)
laïgh to dry up, to diminish, to mount upon (i)
laïgh to go, to fast, to transgress (i)
laïgh to speak, to shine, to transgress (x)
là¤ch mark
lap see prate
lap to speak, to prate, to whisper (i)
larb to go, to move (i)
las see be lively
laù see desire
las to embrace, to play, to shine (i)
laù to wish, to long for (i)
la÷, to exercise an art, to do anything scientifically (x)
lañ to be a child, to act or talk like a child, to cry (i)
laññ to fondle, to caress (x)
lay to go, to move (i)
lep to go; to move (i)
lhap, to speak, to sound (x)
lã1see cling
lã2see be unsteady
lã to adhere to; to melt; to be absorbed in (ix)
lã to melt; deri. lãta, leya, letum, leùyat (i)
lã to melt (x)
lã to adhere to, to be absorbed, to be dissolved, to hide in, to rest on, to disappear;
deri. lãna; letum or làtum; lãtvà; vilàya or vilãya (iv)
lih see lick
lih to lick; to taste; deri. lãóha, leóhavya, lehya, leóhum, lãóhvà (ii)
likh see scratch
likh to write, to scratch, to draw, to touch, to peck; deri. likhita, likhitvà or
lekhitvà (vi)
limp see lip, limp (smear)
liïg to go; to move; (with à to embrace) (i)
liïg to paint, to variegate (x)
lip, limp smear
lip to anoint, to besmear, to cover, to spread over, to stain, to pollute; deri. lipta,
leptum; liptvà (vi)
li÷ see tear
li÷ to decrease, to become small; leùñàhe, lekùyate, alikùata (iv)
li÷ to go, to move; deri. liùña, leùñum (vi)
loc see see, consider
loc to see, to perceive (x)
loó to be mad (i)
lok see look
lok to speak, to shine (x)
lok, to see; to perceive (i)
loùñ to heap up (i)
lå see cut
lå to cut; to pluck; to divide; to destroy; deri. låna-lavya or làvya, låtvà,
lavitum (ix)
lubh see be lustful
lubh to covet, to long for, to allure; deri. lubdha,lobhitum or lobdhum;
lubdhvà or lubhitvà or lobhitvà (iv)
lubh to confound, to disturb; deri. lubhita, lobhitvà, lubdhvà (vi)
luc to remove; to pluck; deri. lucitvà or lucitvà (i)
luó see stir up
luó to churn; to stir; to disturb (i)
luj to injure; to be strong; to take; to dwell; to speak; to shine (i)
luj to injure, to be strong, to take, to dwell, to speak, to shine (x)
lul see be lively
lul to move to and fro; to stir; to make tremulous (i)
lumb to torment (i)
lumb to be invisible, to torment (x)
lu¤c see tear
luõó to steal or rob (i)
lunth to strike, to suffer pain (i)
luõñ, to rob; to plunder; to be idle; to resist; to be lame (i)
luõñh see luñh2, luõñh (rob)
luõñh to steal, to plunder (x)
lup see break
lup to cut, to break. to rob, to plunder, to seize, to suppress; deri. lupta, loptum,
luptvà (vi)
lup to be confused, to vanish (iv)
luù to injure, to hurt (x)
låù to decorate (i)
luñ, to resist; to oppose (i)
luñ to churn, to agitate, to roll, to wallow, to be connected with (iv)
luñ to speak, to shine (x)
luñ, to wallow, to roll about, to join (vi)
luñ to churn; to agitate; to be connected; to wallow; to roll (i)
luñh1see roll
luñh2, rob
luñh to strike, to knock down (i)
mà1see measure
mà2see exchange
mà3see bellow
mà to shine; to appear; to be (ii)
mà to measure (iv)
mà to measure, to weigh, to limit, to compare in size (iii)
mà to measure; to limit; deri. mita, màtavya, meya, màtum, unmàya (ii)
mabhr to go (i)
mac to cheat, to boast, to pound (i)
mac to hold, to grow high, to adore (i)
mad, be exhilarated, exhilarate
mad to bind; to kill (i)
mad to rejoice, to be poor or distressed, to be intoxicated or mad; deri. matta,
maditvà, maditum (iv)
mad to gratify, to please (x)
mah see maïh, mah (be great, be liberal, bestow)
mah to worship (x)
mah to worship; to revere (i)
màh to measure (i)
maj to sound (i)
maj to be mad, to sound (i)
majj see sink
makh to go (i)
makù to collect (i)
mal, to hold; to possess (i)
maüh to grow old (i)
maüh to speak, to shine (x)
màükù to desire; to wish (i)
man see think
maõ see sound
man to think, to suppose, to regard as, to esteem, to honour, to know; deri. mata,
mantum, matvà, mànya (iv)
man to be proud, to stop (x)
man to know, to think; deri. mata, manitum, manitvà or matvàm (viii)
maõ to sound, to murmur (i)
ma¤c purify (?)
mand see mad, mand (be exhilarated, exhilarate)
mand to praise; to be glad; to proud; to sleep; to shine; to move slowly (i)
maõó deck
maõó to divide, to clothe; to surround (i)
maõó to adorn oneself (i)
maõó to adorn (x)
maïgh to adorn, to decorate (i)
maïgh to go, to blame, to be moving, to cheat (i)
maïh, be great, be liberal, bestow
mah see
maïk to adorn, to decorate (i)
maïkh, to go (i)
manth see math, manth (shake)
manth to churn, to stir (i)
manth to kill; to injure; to be afflicted; to suffer pain (i)
manth to churn, to stir; to shake; to kill; to crush; to tear off (i)
manth to churn, to shake, to destroy, to afflict (ix)
mantr to consult, to advise, to ponder over (x)
maõt (?)
maõñh to remember with regret; to grieve for (i)
màn to worship (x)
màn to investigate; to examine; deri. mãmàüsita (i)
màn to stop, to be proud (x)
marb to go (i)
marc to sound, to take (x)
marv to fill (i)
màrg chase
màrg to seek, to strive after, to obtain (x)
màrj to sound, to cleanse, to purify (x)
mas to measure, to charge for; deri. masta, masitvà, masitum (iv)
maù to kill; to sound (i)
ma÷ to sound; to be angry (i)
masj to sink down, to be immersed in water; to be disheartened; deri. magna,
maïktum; maïktvà; majjathu (vi)
mask to go (i)
math, shake
mañh to grind, to dwell (i)
mavya to bind (i)
may to go (i)
me to return, to exchange; deri. mita, nimàya, nimitya, apamitya,
apamàya, màtum (i)
med be fat
medh to know, to kill, to meet (i)
mep to go (i)
meth to know, to understand, to kill, to hurt (i)
mev to serve, to worship (i)
mi see fix
mi see mã, mi (damage)
mã, mi damage
mi to throw, to scatter; deri. mita, mitvà, màtum, mitrima
(mayanenanivçttam) (v)
mã to kill, to destroy, to hurt, to lessen; deri. mãta, màtum, mãtvà (ix)
mã to go, to move (x)
mã to die, to perish, to kill, to hurt; deri. mãna, metum, mitvà (iv)
micch to annoy, to hurt, to obstruct (vi)
mid see med (mid) (be fat)
mid to be greasy, to be soft, to melt (iv)
mid to love, to melt; deri. minna or medita (i)
mid to understand, to kill (i)
midh to understand, to kill (i)
mih see mingere
mih to sprinkle, to make water, to wet; deri. mãóha, meóhavya (i)
mij to speak, to shine (x)
mikù, mix
mil see combine
mil to be united with, to meet, to join, to clash, to happen; deri. milita, melitum,
militvà (vi)
mãl see wink
mãl to close the eyes, to twinkle, to fade, to disappear (i)
mãm to go (i)
mind to love, to melt, to become far (x)
minv to love; to sprinkle (i)
miù see wink
mi÷ see mikù, (mi÷) (mix)
miù to make noise (i)
miù to sprinkle, to wet, to serve; deri. miùña (i)
miù to rival, to contend with, to look on or at (vi)
mi÷ to make noise; to be angry (i)
mi÷ra to mix, to add, to combine (x)
mith see alternate, altercate
mith to understand; to hurt (i)
mãv, må push
mãv to grow fat or large (i)
mlà see relax
mlai to be sad, to become weary, to fade, to be emaciated; deri. mlàna, mleya (i)
to speak indistinctly (x)
to speak indistinctly (i)
mlech speak barbarously
mleñ, to be mad (i)
mlev to serve, to worship (i)
mlit see mrit, mlit (dissolve)
mluc see mruc, mluc, mlup (set)
mluc to go, to move (i)
mlup see mruc, mluc, mlup (set)
mnà see note
mnà to study, to repeat, to remember, to think; deri. mnàta, mneya (i)
mokù see muc, mokù (release)
mç1see die
mç2, crush
mçõ see
mç to die; deri. mçta, martum (vi)
mé to kill; to injure (ix)
mrad see mçd, mrad (rub, crush)
mrad to crush, to pound (i)
mrakù to combine, to smear, to speak indistinctly (x)
mrakù to collect, to rub (i)
mçc see injure
mçch perish
mçd, rub, crush
mçó see be gracious
mçó to make happy, to rejoise (vi)
mçó to pound; to be happy; mçónàti (ix)
mçdh neglect
mçdh to moisten, to kill; deri. mçddha, mardhitvà (i)
mçóh to grind; to crush; to bruise; to squeeze; to press; to pound; to rule; to
overcome; mçdràti, amçdràt, mçdàna (ix)
mreó gratify (?)
mreñ, to be mad (i)
mçg to seek, to hunt (iv)
mçg to seek, to examine, to investigate, to beg (x)
mrit, dissolve
mlit see
mçj see wipe
mçj to wipe off, to adorn; màrjayati (x)
mçj to cleanse; to purify; to wipe off (ii)
mçj to cleanse, to wipe off, to adorn, to sharpen (i)
mçkù stroke
mçkù to collect, to rub (i)
mçõ see mç2, mçõ (crush)
mçõ to kill (vi)
mçù see not heed
mç÷ see touch, feel
mçù to forgive (x)
mçù to sprinkle, to endure (i)
mçù to bear, to endure, to suffer (iv)
mç÷ to touch, to consider, to reflect; deri. mçùña, marùñum (vi)
mruc, set
mruc, to go or move; deri. mrukta, mrocitvà (i)
mruc to go, to move; deri. mrukta, mrucitvà (i)
må see mãv, må (push)
må to bind (i)
muc, release
muc to cheat, to be wicked, to tell (i)
muc to loosen, to liberate, to rejoice (x)
muc to free, to liberate, to release, to loosen, to abandon, to grant, to except, to shed,
to discharge, to dismiss, to utter, to void; deri. mukta, moktum, muktvà
mud see be merry
mud to be glad, to rejoise (i)
mud to mix, to unite (x)
muh see be crazed
muh to loose sense, to faint, to be bewildered, to err, to be foolish; deri. mugdha
or måóha; mohitavya or mogdhavya or moóhavya; mohitum or
mogdhum or moóhum; mohitvà or mugdhvà or måóhvà (iv)
muj to sound (i)
muj to sound (i)
mål to take root, to be firm, to accumulate (i)
mål to cause to grow, to rear (x)
muõ to promise (vi)
muõó to grind, to shave, to shear (i)
muõó to be pure, to sink (i)
muõñh to protect, to run away (i)
mur to surround, to bind together (vi)
murch to faint, to increase, to grow, to become strong, to take effect on (i)
murv to bind (i)
mår see mårch, mår (thicken)
mårch, thicken
mår see
muù see steal
muù to steal, to carry off; to excel; to cover; to captivate (ix)
muù, to destroy, to break, to steal; deri. moùita (iv)
must to collect (x)
måù to steal, to rob (i)
muñ see break
muñ, to crush, to grind, to break (i)
muñ to blame, to crush, to bind (vi)
muñ to crush, to grind, to break (x)
måtr to discharge urine (x)
myakù be situated (?)
nabh burst
nabh to destroy, to perish (i)
nabh to kill (ix)
nabh to kill (iv)
nad see sound
nad, to speak, to shine (x)
nàdh see nàth, nàdh (seek aid)
nah see tie
nah to tie, to arm or to put on oneself; deri. naddha, naddhum, naddhvà (iv)
nakh to go (i)
nakk to perish (x)
nakù attain
nakù to go (i)
nal to smell; to bind (i)
nam see bend, bow
nam to salute; to sink; to bend; deri. nata, nantavya, vinamya, naüsyat (i)
naükh to go (i)
nand rejoice
nand to be glad or satisfied (i)
naõ÷ see na÷2, naõ÷ (attain)
nard see bellow
nard to sound, to roar (i)
na÷1see be lost
na÷2, attain
nas see unite
nas to be crooked (i)
na÷ to disappear, to perish, to run away, to be unsucessful; deri. naùña, naùñum
or na÷itum (iv)
nàs to sound (i)
nañ see dance, play
nañ to speak (x)
nañ to dance; to act (as a dramatic part) (i)
nañ to sound; to roar; to thunder; deri. nàdya, praõadya (i)
nàth, seek aid
nàth, to ask; to harass; to be master; to bless (i)
nay to go (i)
ned see flow
ned to censure; to be near (i)
neù to go (i)
nhã to blush, to be ashamed; deri. hãta or hãõa, hetum, hitvà (iii)
nã see lead
nã to lead; to carry; to bring; to pass, to spend; to trace; deri. nãta, netum (i)
nid see nind, nid (revile)
nid to ridicule, to reach (i)
nãó see nest
nij see wash
nij to wash (ii)
nij to wash, to purify, to nourish; deri. nikta; nijya, nektum, niktvà (iii)
nikù see pierce
nikù to kiss (i)
nil to understand with difficulty; to become thick (vi)
nãl to be of a dark colour; to dye dark (i)
niüs to kiss (ii)
nind, nid revile
nind to blame; to censure; to condemn (i)
niïs see kiss
ninv to sprinkle; to attend (i)
niù to sprinkle, to moisten (i)
ni÷ to meditate upon (i)
niùk to measure, to weigh (x)
nivàs to cover (x)
nãv to become fat (i)
nç see sport
né to lead (ix)
né to carry (i)
nçt see dance
nçt to dance, to jesticulate; deri. nçtta, nçtya or nartya, nartitum, nartitvà
nu1, nå praise
nu2see move
nå see nu1, nå (praise)
nu to praise; deri. nuta, navya or nàvya, navitum, nutvà (ii)
nå to praise; nuvati, anuvat, nåyàsam (vi)
nud see push
nud to throw (vi)
nud to throw; to push; to urge on; to drive; to remove; to direct; nutta or nunna
õu to sound (i)
okh to be dry; to be able or sufficient; to adorn; to refuse; to prevent (i)
olaj to throw up (i)
olaõó to throw up (i)
olaõó to throw (x)
oõ to remove; to drag along (i)
pà1see drink
pà2see protect
pà3see rise against
pà to drink, to feast on, to swallow up; deri. pãta, peya, nipàya, pibat (i)
pà to protect; to govern; to preserve (ii)
pac see cook
pac to spread, to make clear (x)
pac to make clear (i)
pac to cook; to bake, to burn; to digest, to ripen, to develop; deri. pakva;
paktrima (ripened, matured, cooked) (i)
pad see go
pad to go, to attain, to observe; deri. panna, pattvà, patnum, prapadya (iv)
pad to go, to move; padayate (x)
pai to dry, to wither (i)
paiõ to go, to send, to touch, to embrace (i)
paj see start (?)
pakù to seize, to accept, to take aside (x)
pakù to seize; to accept, to take aside (i)
pal to go (i)
pàl to protect, to govern (x)
pan see admire
paõ see bargain
paõ to transact business, to deal in, to barter, to bet, to stake (i)
paõ, to praise; deri. paõita (i)
paõó to go (i)
paõó to destroy, to collect (x)
pant to thunder, to go; patayati (x)
panth to go (x)
pap, to go (i)
pard see pedere
pard to break wind (i)
parõ to make green (x)
parv to fill (i)
pàr to bring to a conclusion, to accomplish (x)
pa÷1, see
pa÷2see bind
pas to destroy (x)
paù to go, to move (x)
pa÷ to bind, to fetter (x)
pat1see fly, fall
pat2see rule
pañ see tear
pat to fall, to fly, to alight, to sink, to be degraded, to attack (i)
pat to be master of, to rule, to possess, to be fit for (iv)
pañ to speak, to cover (x)
pañ to go (i)
pañ to string, to envelop, to clothe (x)
path see go (?)
path to throw (x)
pañh read
pañh to declare, to mention, to cite, to study, to read, to recite (i)
pay to go (i)
pày see cacare
pel to go (i)
pes to go (i)
peù to resolve upon, to strive diligently for (i)
pev to serve (i)
phakk swell (?)
phakk to behave ill, to go softly (i)
phal1see burst
phal2see fruit
phal to burst open, to split; deri. phulla, utphulla, saüphulla, praphulta (i)
phal to bear fruit, to result, to succeed, to be useful or fruitful (i)
phaõ spring
phaõ to go, to produce easily; deri. phaõita, phàõña (in the second sense) (i)
phar see scatter
phel to go (i)
pi, pã swell, fatten
pã see pi, pã (swell, fatten)
pi to go (vi)
pã to drink (iv)
pibd see be firm (?)
picch to split, to cut, to divide (x)
pãó see press
pãó to afflict, to harass, to annoy, to squeeze, to press, to oppose, to give pain (x)
pij to speak, to shine (x)
pij to kill, to be strong, to take, to dwell (x)
pij to tinge; to colour; to join; to divide; to speak inarticulately (ii)
pãl to check; to impede; to obstruct (i)
piüs to speak, to shine (x)
piõó to roll into a lump, to heap (x)
piõó to roll into a lump, to heap; to unite (i)
pinv see fatten
pinv to sprinkle, to serve (i)
pis see stretch
più see crush
pi÷ see adorn
pis to go (i)
pis to go (x)
più to grind, to pound, to crush; deri. piùña, peùñum, piùñvà (vii)
pi÷ to form; to be reduced to constituent part; to light; deri. pi÷ita, pe÷itum,
pi÷itvà (vi)
piñ to sound; to assemble; to heap together (i)
piñ to injure; to kill; to feel pain (i)
pãv to be fat or thick (i)
pãy see abuse
plakù to eat (i)
plã to go; plãnàti, piplàya, pletàsmi, pleùyati, aplaiùãt, plãyàsam (ix)
plih to go (i)
plu see float
plu to go, to jump, to fly, to float, to swim; deri. plavya (i)
pluù see burn
pluù to burn, to scorch; deri. ploùitvà or pluùitvà (iv)
plyål to cut, to wash in water impregnated with alkaline salt (x)
pç1, pçõ, fill
pår see
pç2see pass
pç3see be busy
pç to protect, to fill, to promote, to deliver; deri. pça, pàrya or pçtya,
partum, pçtvà (iii)
pç (always with vyà) to be busy or active; vyàpriyate, vyàpçta (vi)
pç to please; pçõoti (v)
pé to protect, to nourish, to fill, to blow, to satisfy (ix)
pé to protect, to fill; pàrayati (x)
pé to protect, to fill, to gratify (as hopes), to blow (as conch or flute); deri. pårõa,
pari(rã)tum, pårtvà, prapårya, pupårvas or papruvas (iii)
prà see fill
prà to fill (ii)
pracch to ask; to seek; to desire; to know; deri. pçùña, pçùtvà, praùñum (vi)
prach ask
pras to extend, to expand (i)
prath spread
prath to proclaim, to manifest, to increase, to throw, to publish (x)
prath to become famous, to increase, to spread abroad, to arise, to appear (i)
pçc see mix
pçc to touch, to bring into contact with, to unite, to satiate, to increase; deri. pçkta,
parcitum, parcitvà (vii)
pçc to come in contact with; to touch (ii)
pçc to hinder, to oppose, to join (x)
to swing, to shake (x)
preù to go (i)
prã see please
prã to please, to delight, to show kindness to, to love, to desire, to take delight in
prã to please, to gratify; deri. prãõita, prãõayitum, prãõayitvà (x)
prã to please, to be satisfied, to feel affection for (iv)
pçj to dye (ii)
pçõ see pç1, pçõ, pår (fill)
proth to be equal to, to be a match for, to be complete (i)
prù see pç÷, prù (('doubtful; perhaps connected to spç÷))
pç÷, prù ('doubtful; perhaps connected to spç÷)
pçù to sprinkle, to hurt, to vex (i)
pçt see fight
pçth to throw, to send, to direct (x)
pçth to go (i)
pru see flow
pru to go, to jump (i)
pruù see sprinkle
pruù, to burn, to reduce to ashes (i)
pruù to become wet, to sprinkle (ix)
pruñ to rub (i)
pruth snort
psà see devour
psà to devour; to eat (ii)
på see cleanse
på to purify; to discern; to contrive; deri. påta, påna (destroyed), pavitum,
påtvà (ix)
på to purify or clean from chaff; deri. påta or pavita, pavya or pàvya,
pavitum, pavamàna, pupuvàna (i)
puó to gladden (vi)
puó to grind (i)
puh to quit; to dismiss (vi)
påj see reverence
påj to worship, to honour (x)
pul to be great or large; to be lofty or high, to be heaped up (i)
pul to heap, to be great or large (x)
pul to be great or large (vi)
pål to collect, to gather, to heap up, to assemble (i)
puüs to increase, to crash, to pain, to punish (x)
puõ to please; to propitiate (vi)
puõ to be pure or virtuous; to do a holy work (vi)
puõ to collect (x)
puõó to grind, to pound (i)
punth to kill, to suffer pain (i)
puõñ, to speak, to shine (x)
pur to precede; to lead (vi)
purv to dwell, to invite (x)
purv to fill (i)
pår see pç1, pçõ, pår (fill)
pår to fill, to satisfy, to be full, to be satisfied; deri. pårõa or pårta (iv)
pår to kill, to cover, to intensify (x)
pårõ, to collect (x)
puù see thrive
puù to nourish, to bring up; to develop, to support, to augment; to show; to have (ix)
puù to nourish, to develop, to support; to enhance, to get (i)
puù to maintain, to promote (x)
puù to nourish, to support, to develop, to increase, to possess; deri. puùña,
poùñum, poùya (iv)
puùp to blow, to flower (iv)
pust to honour, to dishonour, to respect, to disrespect (x)
påù to nourish, to increase, to grow (i)
puñ see scale, etc.
puñ to speak, to shine (x)
puñ to embrace; to intertwine (vi)
puñ to be in contact, to bind together (x)
puth see crush
puth to kill (iv)
puññ to decrease, to diminish (x)
påy see stink
påy to split, to stink; deri. påta (i)
pyà see fill up
pyai to grow (i)
pyày to grow, to increase, to swell; deri. pãna, pyàna (i)
ç, çch go, send
ç to go; to acquire; deri. çta, artum, ariùyat, àrivas (i)
ç (a Vedic root) to kill (v)
ç to go (with saü to join) (iii)
é to go; deri. ãrõa, ari(rã)tum, ãrtvà (ix)
rà1, give
rà2see bark
rà to give; to grant (ii)
rabh, take hold
rabh to begin, to desire, to act rashly; deri. rabdha, rabhya, rabdhum,
rabdhvà, àrabhya (i)
rac see produce
rac to arrange, to compose, to effect (x)
rad see dig
rad to split, to scratch (i)
radh, be or make subject
radh to kill, to injure, to cook, to finish; deri. raddha, radhitum or raddhum;
radhitvà or raddhvà (iv)
ràdh see succeed
ràdh to grow, to be ready, to be favourable, to look to the welfare of; deri. ràddha;
ràddhum; ràddhvà (iv)
ràdh to accomplish; to kill; to propitiate; ràdhnoti (v)
rag see rock
rag to doubt (i)
ràghra to be able (i)
rah see desert
rah to abandon; ararahat (x)
rah to abandon; arahi or aràhi (x)
rah to abandon, to quit (i)
rai to sound (i)
raj2, ra¤j colour
raj to be coloured, to redden, to dye, to be attached to, to be excited, to be pleased
with; deri. rakta, raïktum, raïktvà or raktvà, uparajya (i)
raj to please; rajjati, rajyeyam (iv)
ràj see be kingly
ràj to shine, to glitter, to appear like (i)
rak, to taste, to obtain (x)
rakh to go (i)
rakù see protect
rakù to protect, to watch, to take care of (i)
ràkh to dry, to adorn, to be able (i)
ram see be or make content
ram to sport, to rest, to be pleased, to rejoice at, to have sexual intercourse with;
deri. rata, ramya, rantum, ratvà or ramitvà, viramya or viratya (i)
ramb hang down
ramb, to sound (i)
rambh see rabh, rambh (take hold)
rambh roar
raüh to speak, to shine (x)
raüh to go, to move (i)
ramph to go, to kill (i)
ran1see take pleasure
ran2see ring
raõ to go (i)
raõ to sound, to ring, to jingle (i)
ra¤ch mark
randh see radh, randh (be or make subject)
raïgh to speak, to shine (x)
raïgh to go, to hasten (i)
raïh see hasten
ra¤j see raj2, ra¤j (colour)
raïkh, to go, to move (i)
raõv see delight
raõva to go (i)
rap see chatter
rap to talk, to speak (i)
raph see miserable (?) ('perhaps seen')
raph to kill, to go (i)
rap÷ be full
ras1see roar
ras2see taste ('only a denomative of rasa')
ra÷ see ? ('inferrable')
ras to taste, to relish, to love (x)
ras to roar, to cry, to make noise, to praise (i)
ra÷ to sound (i)
ràs1see roar
ràs2 see rà1, ràs2 (give)
rà÷, to sound (i)
rañ see howl
rañ, to roar, to yell, to proclaim aloud, to shout (i)
ray to go, to move (i)
çc see arc, çc (shine, praise)
çc to praise; deri. çcita, arcitum (vi)
çch see ç, çch (go, send)
écch to go; to fail in faculties, to become hard or congeal (vi)
çd, ard stir, dissolve
çdh see thrive
çdh to increase, to prosper; deri. çddha, ardhitvà, ardhitum (iv)
édh to increase, to prosper, to please (v)
rebh to speak (i)
rec to separate, to join, to mix (x)
reó see deceive (?)
regh to utter an inarticulate sound, to neigh, to roar (i)
rej see tremble
rek to doubt (i)
rep to go, to move (i)
reñ to speak, to ask, to request (i)
rev to leap, to go, to move (i)
ri, rã see flow
rã see ri, rã (flow)
ri to go, to move (vi)
ri to kill; riõoti (v)
rã to go; to move; to howl; deri. rãõa, retum, rãtvà (ix)
rã to ooze, to flow; deri. rãõa; retum; rãtvà (iv)
ribh see sing
ric see leave
ric to purge, to empty, to evacuate; deri. rikta, rektum, riktvà (vii)
ric to separate, to divide, to join; deri. rikta, riktvà, rektum (i)
rig see rikh, rig (creep)
rih see lick
rikh see scratch
rikh, rig creep
rikh to go, to move (i)
riïkh, to go, to move (i)
riõv to go, to move (i)
rip see smear
riph see snarl
riph, to boast, to speak, to fight, to censure, to kill, to give (vi)
riù see be hurt
ri÷ see tear
riù to kill, to destroy, to injure (i)
riù to kill, to destroy (iv)
ri÷ to kill; deri. riùña, reùñum (vi)
çj1, ç¤j, direct, stretch, attain
arj see
çj2see shine
çj to fry (i)
çj to go; to stand; to gain; to acquire; to be healthy (i)
çkùi (a Vedic root) to kill (v)
çõ to go; deri. çta; arõitum; arõitvà or çtvà (viii)
ç¤j see çj1, ç¤j, arj (direct, stretch, attain)
roó to despise, to be mad (i)
çph, çmph to kill (vi)
çù see rush, push
ç÷ see (?) harm
çù to be proud (vi)
ç÷ to kill; to go (i)
çt, art pursue
çt to reproach, to pity, to go, to rival; to have power (i)
ru1see cry
ru2see break
ru to cry; to roar; to shout; to sound; deri. ruta, ravya (ii)
ru to go, to kill (i)
ruc see shine
ruc to shine, to please, to like, to appear good (i)
rud see weep
rud to shed tears; to cry; to weep; to lament (ii)
rudh1see grow
rudh2see obstruct
rudh to oppose, to obstruct, to besiege, to enclose, to obscure, to harass; deri.
ruddha, roddhum, ruddhvà (vii)
rudh to desire, to love, to comply with, to obey; deri. ruddha; roddhum (iv)
ruh see ascend
ruh to grow from seed, to become manifest, to grow, to rise, to ascend; der. råóha,
rohya, roóhum, råóhvà, àruhya (i)
ruj see break
ruj to kill (x)
ruj to break, to destroy; to bend, to pain, to injure; deri. rugõa, roktum (vi)
råkù to be harsh or rough; to make dry; pàruùye to be harsh (x)
ruü÷, to speak, to shine (x)
ruõó to steal (i)
ruõñ to steal, to rob (i)
ruõñh to steal; to be lame, to go (i)
rup see break, pain
rup to violate, to confound, to disturb; deri. rupta, rupitvà or ropitvà or
ruptvà (iv)
råp to form, to represent on the stage, to see, to consider (x)
ruù see be vexed
ruù to be angry (x)
ruù to kill (iv)
ruù to kill (i)
ru÷ to kill; deri. ruùña (vi)
råù see strew
råù to decorate, to smear, to cover (i)
ruñ to strike down, to fell (i)
ruñ to strike, to oppose (i)
ruñ to be angry (x)
ruñh see torment
ruñh to speak, to shine (x)
sà1, si bind (also note p186)
sà2 see san, sà2 (gain)
sabhàj to please, to serve, to salute, to honour (x)
sac see accompany
sac to sprinkle, to serve (i)
sad see sit
sad to go, to approach (x)
sad to divide, to break, to go, to wither, to despond, to be weary (vi)
sad to divide, to break, to go, to wither, to despond, to be weary; deri. sanna,
sàdya, saktum, saktvà, niùadya, sãdat, sediùas (i)
sadh see sàdh, sadh (succeed)
sàdh, succeed
sàdh to accomplish (v)
sag to cover (i)
sagh be equal to
sagh to kill (v)
sah see prevail
sah to forbear, to be able (x)
sah to satisfy, to be plesed; sahita, sahitum, sahitvà (iv)
sah to suffer, to forbear, to be patient, to wait, to be able to resist, to conquer, to
stop (i)
sai to waste away, to decline (i)
saj, sa¤j hang
saj to cling to, to fasten, to embrace; deri. sakta, saja, sajat, sejivas (i)
sakù see see sah
sal to go, to move (i)
sam to change form (iv)
sam to be composed (i)
samb to go, to creep (i)
samb to collect (x)
saüst (a Vedic root) to sleep (ii)
sàm to conciliate, to console (x)
sàmb to collect (x)
san, gain
san to dive (i)
san to give, to honour, to obtain, to worship; deri. sàta, sanitum, sanitvà or
sàtvà (viii)
to fight (x)
sa¤j see saj, sa¤j (hang)
saïket to invite, to counsel (x)
sàntv to appease, to console (x)
sap see serve
sap to connect (i)
sarb to go, to move (i)
sarj see creak
sarv to go, to kill (i)
sàr to be weak (x)
sas see sleep
sas (a Vedic root) to sleep (ii)
sasj to go, to become ready (i)
sañ to be a part or portion(i)
satr to extend, to spread (x)
saññ to hurt, to kill (x)
÷à, ÷i sharpen
÷abd to make manifest (when without preposition, anupasarga_t), to make any
sound, to utter (when with a preposition, upasarga_t) (x)
÷ac to speak, to say, to tell (i)
÷ad1see prevail
÷ad2see fall
÷ad to perish gradually (vi)
÷ad to perish, to fall, to wither, to decay; deri. ÷anna, ÷aktum, ÷atvà,
à÷aya, ÷ãyamàna (i)
÷aó to hurt, to cause disease, to collect (i)
÷àó to praise (i)
÷ai to cook (i)
÷ak see be able
÷ak to endure, to be able; deri. ÷akita or ÷akta, ÷akitum or ÷aktum,
÷ekivas-÷ekàna (iv)
÷ak to be able; to be powerful; to bear; deri. ÷akta, ÷aktum, ÷aktvà (v)
ֈkh to pervade (i)
÷al see leap
÷al to shake, to cover (i)
÷al to go, to move (i)
÷albh to praise, to boast (i)
ֈl to praise, to shine, to be endowed with, to tell (i)
÷am1, labour
÷im see
÷am2se be quiet
÷am3se note
÷am to be calm; deri. ÷ànta, ÷amya or ÷àmya, ÷àntvà or ÷amitvà,
÷amitum (iv)
÷am to look at, to inspect, to show (x)
÷amb to accumulate (x)
÷aüs to praise, to be in distres, to tell, to indicate (i)
÷aüs to wish, to expect, to bless (i)
÷aõ to give, to go (i)
÷aïk see doubt
÷aïk to fear, to doubt, to suspect (i)
÷aïs see praise
ֈn to whet (i)
÷ap see curse
÷ap to curse, to swear (iv)
÷ap to curse, to imprecate, to swear; deri. ÷apta, ÷apya, ÷aptum, ÷aptvà
÷arb to go, to move (i)
÷arb to kill (i)
÷as, cut
÷a÷ see leap
÷as to kill; deri. ÷asta (i)
÷aù to kill (i)
÷a÷ to jump, to dance (i)
ֈs1, order
÷às2 see ÷as, ÷às2 (cut)
÷às to teach, to inform, to rule, to command, to punish, to advise; deri. ÷iùña,
÷iùya, ÷àsitvà (ii)
ֈs to desire, to seek, to bless, to praise (ii)
÷at see cut in pieces
÷añ to be sick, to divide, to pierce, to go, to be weary (i)
÷añh to speak ill or well (x)
÷añh to leave unfinished (x)
÷añh to cheat, to defraud (i)
÷auñ to be proud (i)
÷av to go, to move (i)
÷cand, shine
÷cut drip
÷cut, to ooze, to diffuse (i)
sec to be associated with (i)
sek to go, to move (i)
sel to go, to move (i)
sev see attend upon
sev to serve, to honour, to follow, to use, to enjoy, to cultivate, to practise, to devote
oneself to, to inhabit, to frequent, to guard, to protect (i)
÷el to go, to move (i)
÷ev to worship, to serve (i)
si see sà1, si (bind (also note p186))
si to tie (v)
si to tie, to bind (ix)
sibh to kill; deri. sibdha, sibhitvà (i)
sic see pour out
sic to sprinkle, to moisten, to scatter; deri. sikta, sektum, siktvà (vi)
sidh1see repel
sidh2see succeed
sidh to ordain, to instruct, to do an auspicious act, to turn out auspiciously, to ward
off, to restrain, to interdict (i)
sidh to go (i)
sidh to be accomplished, to succeed, to be thoroughly prepared; deri. siddha,
seddhum, sidhdvà (iv)
sãk to sprinkle (i)
sil to glean (vi)
simbh to kill; deri. sibdha, simbhitvà (i)
sinv to sprinkle (i)
siñ to disregard (i)
siv to sew, to sow (as seed); deri. syåta, sevitvà or syåtvà, sevitum (iv)
sãv, syå sew
֋1see fall
֋2see lie
÷i see ÷à, ÷i (sharpen)
÷ã see ÷yà, ÷ã (coagulate)
÷i to whet; to excite (v)
÷ã to sleep, to lie down; deri. ÷ayita, ÷eya (ii)
֋bh to boast (i)
÷igh to smell (i)
÷ij to tinkle, to rattle, to whisper (ii)
÷ikh to go, to move (i)
÷ikù to learn, to practise (i)
֋k to speak, to shine, to be angry, to touch (x)
֋k to be angry, to touch (i)
÷il to glean (vi)
֋l to practise repeatedly, to exercise, to visit, to honour (x)
֋l to meditate, to intend (i)
÷im see ÷am1, ÷im (labour)
÷i¤gh snuff
÷i¤j see twang
÷ip see be smooth
÷iù1see leave
÷iù2 see ÷às1, ÷iù2 (order)
÷iù to kill, to leave as a remainder (i)
÷iù to distinguish, to leave as a remainder; deri. ÷iùña; ÷eùñum; ÷iùñvà (vii)
÷iù to leave a residue (x)
÷iñ to disregard (i)
skabh see skambh, skabh (prop)
skambh, prop
to obstruct (i)
to obstruct, to stop; deri. skabdha, skambhitvà, skabdhvà,
skambh skambhitum (ix)
skand leap
skand to go, to be dry; deri. skanna, viskanna, skaïktum, skaïktvà (i)
skhad to destroy, to cut (i)
skhal stumble
skhal to stumble, to totter, to deviate, to blunder, to err, to stammer, to drop (i)
skç see kç1 (skç) (make)
sku see tear
sku to go by leaps, to cover, to raise; deri. skuta, skotum, skutvà (ix)
to hinder, to hold; deri. skubdha, skumbhitvà or skubdhvà (ix)
skund to jump, to raise, to lift (i)
÷là see dissolve (?)
÷làgh extol
÷làgh to praise, to flatter, to boast (i)
÷làkh to pervade, to penetrate (i)
÷laïk, to go, to move (i)
÷lath see ÷rath, ÷lath (slacken)
÷lath to hurt (i)
÷liù, clasp
÷riù see
÷liù to burn (i)
÷liù to embrace, to collect (x)
÷lãù to embrace, to adhere to, to unite (iv)
÷lok to heap together, to collect, to versify (i)
÷loõ to collect (i)
smi see smile
smi to smile, to expand, to bloom (i)
smãla to wink (i)
smiñ to disrespect, to slight, to despise (x)
smç see remember
smç (a Vedic root) to remember; to recollect (v)
smç to remember, to recollect, to think upon, to recite mentally, to record in a smriti;
deri. smçta, smartum smçtvà (i)
smç to long for, to regret (i)
÷mãl to wink (i)
snà see bathe
snà to bathe; deri. snàta; niùõàta (skilled in) (ii)
snai to cover, to wrap, to adorn (i)
snas to reject, to eject; deri. snasta, snasitvà or snastvà, snasitum (iv)
snih see be sticky
snih to love, to account, to dissolve (x)
snih to feel affection for, to love, to be kind to; deri. snigdha or snãóha,
snihitvà or snehitvà or snigdhvà or snãóhvà, snehitum, sneóhum
or snegdhum (iv)
sniv to go, to dry; deri. snyåta, snevitvà or snivitvà or snyåtvà, snevitum
snu see distil
snu to ooze (ii)
snuh to vomit (iv)
snus to eat, to take, to disappear; deri. snusta, snusitvà or snustvà, snositum
÷nath pierce
so to put an end to, to kill, to finish; deri. sita, sàtum, sitvà (iv)
÷o to whet, to make thin; deri. ÷ita or ÷àta, ÷aüsita (well finished), ÷àtum,
÷àtvà or ÷itvà (iv)
÷oõ to be red, to go (i)
spand quiver
spardh to contend with, to vie with, to emulate, to challenge (i)
spa÷ see pa÷1, spa÷ (see )
spa÷ to take, to embrace (x)
spa÷ to obstruct, to touch, to perceive clearly, to undertake, to string together (i)
sphà fatten
sphal strike
sphar see sphç, sphar, sphur, sphul (jerk)
sphar to tremble, to move (vi)
sphañ split
sphày to grow fat, to increase, to expand (i)
sphiñ to feel affection for (x)
sphiññ to kill (x)
sphç, jerk
sphuó to cover (vi)
sphul see sphç, sphar, sphur, sphul (jerk)
sphul to tremble, to throb (vi)
to open, to expand (i)
to laugh at, to joke (x)
sphur see sphç, sphar, sphur, sphul (jerk)
sphur to throb, to palpitate, to become agitated, to start, to appear clearly, to flash (vi)
to spreak, to extend, to forget (i)
sphårj rumble
sphårj to thunder, to explode, to glitter, to burst; deri. sphårjita, sphårõa,
sphårjathuh (a clap of thunder) (i)
sphuñ burst
sphuñ to blow, to blossom, to break (vi)
sphuñ to burst, to break open (x)
sphuñ to burst; to blossom; to blow (i)
sphuñ to split open (i)
spç see win
spç (a Vedic root) to gratify, to defend, to shake (v)
spçdh, contend
spçh see be eager
spçh to wish, to envy (x)
spç÷ touch
spç÷ to touch, to cling to, to act upon; to affect, to accept, to reach, to wash; deri.
spçùña; spraùñum (vi)
spårdh see spçdh, spårdh (contend)
sç see flow
sç to go (iii)
sç to go, to move, to approach, to slip, to blow, to flow; deri. sçta, sartavya,
sartum, sàrya, sarat (i)
sç to run (i)
to err; to entrust (i)
sraüs to fall down, to drop, to slip off; to hang down (i)
sraïk to go, to move (i)
sraïs, fall
sras see
sras see sraïs, sras (fall)
sçbh, to kill, to slay (i)
srek to go, to move (i)
sridh blunder (?)
srãv see fail
sçj see send forth
sçj to be abandoned, to drop; deri. sçùña, sraùñum, sçùñva (iv)
sçj to leave, to create, to let loose, to let off, to throw, to produce, to put on; deri.
sçùa, sraùñum; sçùñvà (vi)
sçk see be pointed (?)
sçp see creep
sçp to go, to creep; deri. sçpta, sarpitavya or sraptavya (i)
sru see flow
sru to go, to flow (i)
÷ç see ÷rã1, ÷ç (mix)
÷é to tear asunder, to split in pieces, to hurt, to kill; ÷a÷àra (ix)
÷rà, boil
÷rà to cook, to boil; deri. ÷ràõa, ÷çta, ÷ràtum, ÷a÷rivas (ii)
÷rai to cook (i)
÷ram be weary
÷ram to perform acts of penance, to be fatigued; deri. ÷rànta, ÷ramitvà or
÷ràntvà, ÷ramitum (iv)
÷rambh trust
to be careless, to err (i)
÷ran give
÷raõ to give (i)
÷raõ (generally with vi) to give (x)
to go, to move (i)
÷ranth to loosen, to liberate, to gladden, to bind; to arrange; deri. ÷athita,
÷rathitvà or ÷ranthitvà (ix)
÷ranth to arrange (x)
÷ranth to loosen (i)
÷rath, slacken
÷rath to make effort, to set out (x)
÷rath to be weak (x)
÷rath to liberate, to kill (x)
÷rath to kill (i)
÷rã1, ÷ç mix
÷rã2 see ÷rà, ÷rã2, ÷ç2 (boil)
÷ri, resort
÷ri to serve, to depend upon (i)
÷rã to cook, to dress (ix)
÷riù see ÷liù, ÷riù (clasp)
÷ris to burn (i)
÷roõ to heap together, to collect (i)
÷ru see hear
÷ru to go, to move (i)
÷ruù hear
֍1see crush
÷ç2 see ÷rà, ÷rã2, ÷ç2 (boil)
÷ç3 see ÷ri, ÷ç3 (resort)
֍dh be defiant
֍dh to moisten, to wet, to cut off (i)
֍dh to insult, to mock at (x)
֍dh to break wind (i)
÷çù to bring forth (i)
stà see be stealthy
stabh see stambh, stabh (prop)
stabh, to stop, to support; deri. stabdha, stambhitum, stambhitvà or
stambh stabdhvà (ix)
stag o cover (i)
stai to cover, to adorn (i)
stak to resist, to repel (i)
stakù to go, to move (i)
stam to be confused, not to be confused (i)
stambh, prop
to stop, to hinder, to become stiff or naughty, to paralyze, to fix firmly (i)
stan see thunder
stan to sound, to thunder (i)
stan to thunder (x)
sten to steal (x)
step to ooze (i)
sthà see stand
sthà to stand, to stay, to be; deri. sthita-stheya, tiùñhàya (i)
sthag cover
sthag to cover, to conceal (i)
sthal to stand firm (i)
sthigh to ascend; to assail (v)
sthuó to cover, to hide (vi)
sthål to become stout, to grow fat (x)
ùñhiv o spit (iv)
ùñhãv spew
stã see styà, stã (stiffen)
stigh mount
stim, be stiff
stim, to become wet, to moist (iv)
stãm see stim, stãm (be stiff)
stip to ooze (i)
stom to praise (x)
stç see strew
sté to cover, to spread (ix)
stçh see crush
stçh to kill, to hurt, to strike; deri. stçóh; starhitum or staróhum; starhitvà
or stçóhvà (vi)
stu1see praise
stu2see drip
stu to cover (v)
stu to praise, to glorify, to worship by hymns (ii)
stubh praise
stubh to stop (i)
stuc to be pleased (i)
stukù to go, to move (i)
ståp to collect (x)
ståp to pile, to collect, to erect (iv)
styà, stã stiffen
styai to sound, to collect into a heap, to spread about, to crowd (i)
su see press out
su see så, su (generate, enliven, impel)
så, su generate, enliven, impel
su to bring forth, to possess power or supremacy, to permit; deri. såta, sutvà,
prasutya, sotum (i)
su to cause to bathe: to churn; to pour out; to bathe; to press out juice; to distil (v)
su to bring forth, to possess supremacy, to permit (ii)
så to bring forth as a child (iv)
så to impel, to drive, to discharge, to remit; deri. såta, savitum; såtvà (vi)
så to bring forth as a child; deri. såta, sotavya or savitavya, savya or
sàvya, sotum or savitum (ii)
subh, smother (?)
subh, to speak, to kill (i)
subh to speak, to kill (vi)
såc to try, to bind (x)
såc to betray, to reveal, to show, to ascertain (x)
såd see put in order
såd to distil, to strike, to hurt, to destroy, to leak, to deposit (i)
såd to strike, to wound, to distil, to deposit (x)
suh to be satisfied (iv)
sukh to make happy (x)
sumbh see subh, sumbh (smother (?))
sur to rule, to shine (vi)
sårkù heed
sårkù to respect (i)
to envy, to despise (i)
suññ to disrespect (x)
÷å, ÷và, swell
÷vi see
÷ubh, beautify
÷ubh to shine, to look beautiful (i)
÷ubh, to speak, to shine, to kill (i)
÷ubh, to shine (vi)
÷uc see gleam
÷uc to regret, to grive for, to bewail (i)
÷uc to be wet, to be clean; deri. ÷akta, ÷ucitvà or ÷ocitvà, ÷ocitum (iv)
÷ucya to perform ablution, to squeeze out juice, to distil (i)
÷udh, purify
÷udh to become pure, to be made clear; deri. ÷uddha (iv)
÷uj see swell (?)
÷ulk to leave, to forsake, to pay, to give, to give, to gain (x)
֌l to be ill, to collect (i)
÷umbh see ÷ubh, ÷umbh (beautify)
÷un to go (vi)
÷undh see ÷udh, ÷undh (purify)
÷undh to purify, to make clean (x)
÷undh to purify (i)
÷uõñh to dry, to become dry (x)
֌p to measure (x)
֌r to strike, to be firm (iv)
֌r to be powerful, to be valiant (x)
÷uù1see dry
÷uù2 see ÷vas, ÷uù2 (blow)
÷uù to become dry, to be withered; deri ÷uùka, ÷oùñum, ÷uùñvà (iv)
÷uñ, to resist, to go lame (i)
÷uñh to be lazy (x)
svad, sweeten
svàd see
svad to make sweet (x)
svad to be pleasant to the taste, to be liked, to taste, to eat, to please (i)
svàd see svad, svàd (sweeten)
svàd to taste, to be pleasing (i)
svàd to taste (x)
svaj, embrace
svaj to embrace, to clasp, to encircle; deri. svakta, svaïktum (i)
svan see sound
svan to deck, to adorn (i)
svan to sound, to sing (i)
sva¤j see svaj, sva¤j (embrace)
svap see sleep
svap to sleep, to lie down; deri. supta, suùupta, viùupta (ii)
svar see sound
svar to blame, to find fault with (x)
svard to taste, to be pleasing (i)
ùvaùk to go (i)
svid see sweat
svid to perspire; deri. svinna, svittvà, svettum (iv)
svid to be greedy, to perspire, to be disturbed, to quit; deri. svinna, svedita (i)
svç to sound, to praise, to pain; deri. svçta, svaritavya (i)
÷và see ÷å, ÷và, ÷vi (swell)
to go, to move (x)
÷val, to run (i)
÷valk to tell, to narrate (x)
÷va¤c spread
÷vaïk, to go (i)
÷vas, blow
÷vas to breath, to sigh, to hiss (ii)
to leave unfinished, to go (x)
÷vañh, ,
÷vañh to speak ill or well (x)
÷vi see ÷å, ÷và, ÷vi (swell)
÷vi to move, to increase, to grow, to swell; deri. ÷åna, ÷vaya, ucchåya (i)
÷vind to be white (i)
÷vit see be bright
÷vit to be white; deri. ÷vedita (i)
syad see syand, syad (move on)
syam to consider, to think (x)
syam to sound, to shout (i)
syand, move on
syad see
syand to ooze, to feel; deri. syanna, syanditavya, syaïktum (i)
syand to throb, to quiver (i)
syå see sãv, syå (sew)
÷yà, ÷ã coagulate
÷yai to go, to move, to wither; to dry up; deri. ÷yàna, ÷ãna or ÷ãta (cold) (i)
tà see tan1, tà (stretch)
tac see ta¤c, tac (coagulate)
tac, taj to contract, to shrink; deri. takta, tajitvà, tacitvà, taktvà, taïktvà (vii)
tac to go (i)
taó see beat
taó to strike, to beat, to play upon a musical instrument, to speak (x)
tak see rush
tak to laugh at; to bear, to fly or rush upon (i)
takù see fashion
takù to cut off; to make thin; to wound, to form; deri. taùña (i)
takù to eat; to pare, to cover (i)
tal to be full or complete, to fix, to establish (x)
tam see faint
tam to desire, to be fatigued; deri. tànta, tamitvà or tamitvà, tamitum (iv)
taüs to adorn, to deck (x)
taüs to decorate; to shake, to pour out, to request (i)
tan1, tà stretch
tan2see roar
tan to spread, to stretch, to do, to spin out (viii)
tan to confide in, to assist (x)
tan to confide in, to assist; to pain with disease, to be harmless, to sound; deri.
tata (i)
ta¤c, tac coagulate
tand see be weary
tandr to be exhausted, to be disturbed in mind (i)
taõó to strike (i)
taïg to go; to stumble; to tremble (i)
taïk to live in distress (i)
taïs, tas shake
tantr to support, to maintain, to govern (x)
tap see heat
tap to heat, to burn, to afflict (x)
tap to be powerful, to injure, to perform penance; deri. tapta, taptvà, taptum,
tepàna (iv)
tap to shine, to be hot; to make hot, to suffer pain, to injure or hurt, to undergo, to
perform penance (i)
tard to injure, to hurt or kill (i)
tarj see threaten
tarj to threaten, to terrify, to scold, to mock (i)
tarj to menace, to censure (x)
tark see think
tark to shine, to intend, to suppose, to guess, to think of (x)
tas see taïs, tas (shake)
tas to fade away, to become exhausted; deri. tasta, tasitvà or tastvà,
tasitum (iv)
tañ see clatter
tañ to be raised, to rise, to groan (i)
tàv see ('probably a false reading')
tay to go (i)
tày see stretch
tày to spread, to protect (i)
ñak see cover (?)
ñal see be confused
ñal to be confused (i)
ñaïk to bind (i)
ñaïk to build (x)
ñauk to go (i)
tej to protect (i)
tep to ooze, to shake (i)
tev to lament; to play (i)
thuóh to cover(vi)
thurv ? ('probably false')
thurv to injure, hurt or kill (i)
ti see crush ('single occurence, probably a false reading')
tigh to kill, to challenge (v)
tij see be sharp
tij to whet (i)
tij to whet, to sharpen (with ud to excite) (x)
tij to endure or bear patiently (i)
tik, tig to assail, to go, to seek, to injure or kill, to challenge (v)
tik to go or move (i)
tãk to go (i)
til to oil; to anoint (vi)
til to oil, to be greasy (x)
til to go (i)
till to go (i)
tim see be quiet
tim to be wet, to be moist; deri. timita, tmitvà or temitvà, temitum (iv)
tip to drop, to ooze; deri. tipta, tepamàna (i)
tir see tç, tir, tur (pass)
tãr to finish, to get through (x)
tãv to be strong or fat or corpulent (i)
ñik to go (i)
ñãk see trip
ñãk to go, to resort to (i)
ñip to throw, to send (x)
toó to disregard (i)
tç, tir, pass
tur see
té to swim, to cross over, to float, to surmount; to master completely, to fulfil, to
escape from; deri. tãrõa, taritavya, uttãrya (i)
trà see rescue
trai to protect; deri. tràta or tràõa, paritràya (i)
trakh to go (i)
traüs to speak (x)
traüs to speak; to shine (i)
trand to act; to try; to be busy or active (i)
traïk to go (i)
traïkh, to go (i)
trap see be abashed
trap to be ashamed or abashed; to be embarrassed (i)
tras see be terrified
tras to take, to hold, to oppose (x)
tras to fear, to tremble; deri. trasta, trasitvà, trasitum (iv)
trauk to go (i)
tçd see split, bore
tçd to kill, to disregard; deri. tçõõa, tarditum, tarditvà or tçttvà (vii)
tçh see crush
tçh, to kill; deri. tçó, tarhitvà, tçühitvà, tçóhvà, tarhitum, taróhum,
tçüh tçühitum, tçõóhum (vi)
tçh to kill; tçõoóhi (vii)
triükh to go (i)
tçkù to go (i)
tçõ to eat, to graze (viii)
tçp see be pleased
tçp to be satisfied, to light (x)
tçp to be satisfied or pleased, to please or satisfy; deri. tçpta, tarpitvà, tçptvà,
tarpitum, tarptum, trapum (iv)
tçp to please or to be pleased (v)
tçù see be thirsty
tçù to be thirsty, to wish; deri. tçùita, tarùitum, tçùitvà or tarùitvà (iv)
trup, to kill, injure or hurt (i)
truñ see come to pieces
truñ to cut; to break (vi)
truñ to cut (x)
tsar see approach stealthily
tsar to creep; to crawl; to proceed crookedly or fraudulently (i)
tu see be strong
tu to go, to grow, to kill; deri. tuta, totum (ii)
tubh to kill (iv)
tubh to injure, hurt or kill (i)
tubh to kill (ix)
tuc see impel, generate
tud see push, thrust
tud to wound; to strike; to pain; to ved; deri. tunna, tutvà, tottum (vi)
tuó to tear, to kill (vi)
tuó to split, to push, to injure, to hurt (i)
tuóó to disregard, to condemn (i)
tåó to split, to disregard (i)
tuh to hurt, to kill, to pain (i)
tuj see urge, thrust
tuj to reach, to kill, to be strong, to take, to dwell, to protect to cloth, to strike, to
push, to emit, to incite, to give (i)
tuj to hurt, injure or kill (i)
tuj, tuj to strike, to be strong, to take, to live (x)
tul see lift, weigh
tul to weigh, to measure (x)
tål to weigh, to measure (i)
tumb to be invisible, to trouble (x)
tumb to distress, to hurt (i)
tump, to injure, hurt or kill (i)
tuõ to fill up (x)
tuõ to curve (vi)
tuõó to disregard, to condemn (i)
tup to injure, hurt or kill (i)
tup- to please or to be pleased (vi)
tup- to kill (vi)
tuph to injure, hurt or kill (i)
tur see tç, tir, tur (pass)
tur (a Vedic root) to make haste (iii)
tur to be quickly, to make haste, to hurt or kill (iv)
turv, overcome
tårv see
turv to kill (i)
tårv see turv, tårv (overcome)
tuù see be content
tu÷ see drip
tus to sound (i)
tuù to be pleased or delighted; deri. tuùña, tuùñvà, parituùya, toùtum (iv)
tåù to satisfy or to be satisfied (i)
tuñ to quarrel; to cut (vi)
tutth to cover (x)
ñup see swell
tvac see cover
tvac to cover (vi)
tvac to go; deri. tyakta (i)
tvag see leap
tvakù fashion
tvakù to make thin (i)
tvaïg to go; to tremble (i)
tvar see hasten
tviù see be stirred up
tviù to shine; to glitter (i)
ñval to be confused (i)
tyaj see forsake
tyaj to abandon, to leave, to quit, to let go, to renounce, to except, to distribute, to
disregard (i)
u see proclaim
u see và2, vi, u (weave)
u to utter a voice; to sound; deri. uta, otum (i)
ubh, confine
ubh, to fill with (vi)
ubj see force
ubj to make straight (vi)
uc see be pleased
uc to be gathered together (iv)
ucch to dwell abroad; to retire (i)
uch see vas1, uù2, uch (shine)
uch to glean (vi)
uch to glean (i)
ud, und wet
udhras to glean (ix)
udhras to glean (x)
uh to hurt or kill (i)
åh1see remove
åh2see consider
åh to conjecture, to infer, to guess; to note; to expect; to reason (i)
ujh see forsake
ujjh to abandon; to leave (vi)
ukh to go (i)
ukù1see sprinkle
ukù2, grow
ukù2 see vakù, ukù2 (increase)
ukù to sprinkle; to wet (i)
ulaõó to throw up (x)
umbh see ubh, umbh (confine)
u¤ch glean
und see ud, und (wet)
und to moisten (vii)
uïkh to go (i)
ån to lessen, to deduct (x)
urd to measure, to play; to taste; to grant; to be cheerful (i)
urv to kill or hurt (i)
årj to be strong, to live (x)
årõu to cover (ii)
uù1see burn
uù2 see vas1, uù2, uch (shine)
uù to burn (i)
åù to be ill (i)
uñh to knock down (i)
åñh to knock down (i)
åy to weave; to sew (i)
và1see blow
và2, vi, u weave
và3 see van, và3 (win)
và to go; to blow; to hurt; to injure; to kill; to move (ii)
vabh to go; to move (i)
vac see speak
vac to speak, to tell, to read (x)
vac to deceive (x)
vac to speak; to read; to name; to call; to announce (ii)
vac to go (i)
vàch to desire; to wish (i)
vad see speak
vad to speak; to tell; to describe; to utter; deri. udita, vàdya; avadya
(despicable); anudya (unutterable) (i)
vad to inform, to communicate (x)
vadh, slay
vah see carry
vah to bear, to carry; to flow; to marry; to propel; deri. åóha, vàhya or vahya,
voóhum, åóhvà, prohya, vahat-màna, vakùyat-màõa, åhàna (i)
vàh see press
vàh to endeavour (i)
vai to be dry, to be languid; deri. vana, nirvàõa (i)
vaj see be strong
vaj to prepare the way, to feather an arrow (x)
vaj to go; to move (i)
vakh to go; to move (i)
vakù see ukù2, vakù (grow)
vakù, increase
vakù to be angry; to collect (i)
val see turn
val to cover; to move (i)
val to cover; to move (i)
valbh to eat; to devour (i)
valg see spring
valg to go; to move; to jump; to gallop; to be pleased (i)
valh see challenge
valh to speak, to kill or hurt; to give (i)
valk to speak (x)
vall to be covered; to go; to move (i)
vam see vomit
vam to vomit, to drop; to emit; to give out; to reject (i)
van, win
van to beg, to request, to seek; deri. vata, vanitum, vanitvà or vatvà (viii)
van to act; deri. vata, vanitvà, vatvà (i)
van to sound; to honour; to aid (i)
vaõ to sound (i)
va¤c move crookedly
vand greet
vaïgh to go; to blame (i)
vaïk to be crooked; to go (i)
vaïkh, to go; to move (i)
vaõñ divide
vaõñ, to divide (i)
vaõñ to salute respectfully; to praise (i)
vaõñ, to divide (x)
và¤ch desire
vàïkù to wish; to desire (i)
vap1see strew
vap2see shear
vap to sow; to plant; to procreate; to weave; to shave; to shear; deri. upta,
vaptavya, vàpya, vàptum, uptvà, uptrima (i)
var to wish, to obtain, to desire (x)
varc to shine (i)
vardh to cut, to fill (x)
varh to speak; to kill; to kill or hurt; to give (i)
varõ to paint, to delineate, to extend, to praise, to describe, to drive (x)
varù to melt; to love (i)
vas1, shine
uù2, uch
vas2see clothe
vas3see dwell
va÷ see be eager
vas to dwell; to live; deri. uùita, proùya, vastum (i)
vas to love, to cut, to take away (x)
vas to dwell (x)
vas to fix, to be straight; deri. vasta, vasitvà or vastvà; vasitum (iv)
vas to wear, to dress; deri. vasita (ii)
vaù to hurt; to kill; to injure (i)
va÷ to wish; to long for; deri. u÷ita (ii)
vask to go; to move (i)
vast to hurt, to torment, to go, to ask (x)
và÷ see bellow
vàs to perfume, to incense (x)
và÷ to howl, to growl, to roar (iv)
vat see apprehend
vañ to speak (i)
vañ to tie, to string, to connect, to divide (x)
vañ to cover; to surround (i)
vañh to tie (x)
vañh to become fat (i)
vañh to go alone (i)
vàt to make happy, to serve; to fan (x)
vàvçt to choose; deri. vàvçtta, vàvartitvà or vàvçttvà, vàvartitum (iv)
vay to go; to move (i)
ve to weave, to sew, to compose; deri. uta, veya, vàtavya, utvà, pravàya
veh to endeavour (i)
vel, to go, to move; to shake; to tremble (i)
vel to count the time (x)
vell see stagger
ven see long
veõ, to go, to know, to consider, to play on an instrument, to take (i)
vep see vip, vep (tremble)
vep to tremble, to shake (i)
veùñ see viùñ, veùñ (wrap)
veùñ to surround, to dress (i)
veth to beg, to ask (i)
vevã (a Vedic root) to go, to pervade, to be born, to impregnate, to desire, to throw,
to eat (ii)
vã1see enjoy
vã2 see vyà, vã2 (envelop)
vi see và2, vi, u (weave)
vã to go; to pervade; to be born; to be impregnate; to desire; to throw; to eat; to
conceive (ii)
vic1see sift
vic2 see vyac, vic2 (extend)
vic to divide, to separate, to discern, to remove from; deri. vikta, vektum,
viktvà (vii)
vicch to speak, to shine (x)
vicch to go, to move; deri. vicchita or vicchayita (vi)
vid1see know
vid2see find
vid to be, to exist; deri. vinna, vittvà, vettum (iv)
vid to know; to learn; to find out; to consider (with saü to recognize) (ii)
vid to get, to obtain, to find, to take in marriage; deri. vitta or vinna, vettum or
veditum, viditvà, vittvà or veditvà (vi)
vid to feel, to experience, to tell, to dwell (x)
vid to discuss, to reason upon, to consider, to understand (vii)
to mock, to imitate, to ridicule (x)
vidh1see worship
vidh2 see vyadh, vidh2 (pierce)
vidh to pierce (vi)
vãó see make strong
vij see tremble
vij to fear, to tremble, to be disgusted (vii)
vij to fear, to tremble (generally with ud); pp. udvigna (vi)
vij to separate, to divide, to distinguish, to discern; deri. vikta, vektum (iii)
vãj, vyaj fan
vãj to fan (x)
vil to throw, to cast (x)
vil to cover, to conceal (vi)
vindh lack
vip, vep tremble
vãr to display heroism, to be powerful (x)
viù see be active
vi÷ see enter
vis to send (iv)
viù to pervade; deri. viùña, veùñum, viùñvà (iii)
viù to separate; to disjoin (ix)
viù to sprinkle; deri. viùña, veùñum (i)
vi÷ to enter; deri. viùña, veùñum, viùñvà (vi)
viùk to see, to perceive (x)
viùñ, wrap
viñ to curse; to sound (i)
vith to beg; to ask (i)
vlag see vlag, vlag (pursue (?))
vlag, pursue (?)
vlag see
vlã, blã crush
vlã to choose, to select, to hold, to go (ix)
vç1see cover
vç2see choose
vç to cover; to conceal (i)
vç to cover, to conceal (x)
vç to choose; to solicit; to cover; to surround; to restrain; deri. vçta,
vari(rã)tum, vçtvà (v)
vç to serve; to worship (ix)
vé to choose; to select; deri. varõa, vårtvà (ix)
vrad, weaken
vràdh stir up
vraj see proceed
vraj to clear the way, to go (x)
vraj to go (i)
vran see sound (?)
vraõ to wound, to hurt (x)
vraõ to sound (i)
vrand see vrad, vrand (weaken)
vra÷c cut up
vra÷c to cut, to tear, to wound; deri. vçkõa, vra÷citum or vraùñum,
vra÷citvà (vi)
vçc to abandon, to exclude (vii)
vçdh grow
vçdh to incrase, to grow, to continue, to become joyful (i)
vçh, tear
vçh to work, to labour (vi)
vrã to choose, to select, to hold, to go; deri. vrãõa, vretum, vrãtvà (ix)
vrã to choose (iv)
vrãó see be abashed
vrãó to throw, to be ashamed (iv)
vçj see twist
vçj to avoid (vii)
vçj to avoid (i)
vçj to avoid, to abandon (ii)
vçj to avoid (x)
vçk to accept; to seize (i)
vçkù to cover (i)
vçüh to speak, to shine (x)
vçõ to please, to gratify (vi)
vçõh, roar
vçù see rain
vçù to have the power of production (x)
vçù to rain, to sprinkle, to kill, to afflict, to give pain (i)
vç÷ to choose, to like (iv)
vçt see turn
vçt to choose, to like (iv)
vçt to be; to happen; to be presen; to act; to tend to; deri. vçtta, vatiüta,
vartitvà, vçtvà (i)
vçt, to speak, to shine (x)
vruó see sink
vruó to cover, to heap (vi)
vuïg to abandon, to leave (i)
vuõñ, to kill (x)
vus to divide (iv)
vyà, envelop
vyac, extend
vyac to deceive, to defraud (vi)
vyadh, pierce
vyadh to strike, to hurt, to stab, to pierce; deri. viddha, vidhdvà (iv)
vyaj see vãj, vyaj (fan)
vyath waver
vyath to be vexed, to fear, to become dry (i)
vyay expend
vyay to expend (x)
vyay to go, to move (i)
vye to cover, to veil; deri. vàta, vyeya, vyàtum, saüvyàya, parivyàya (i)
vyuù to divide, to burn (in the last sense avyoùãt) (iv)
yà see go
yà to go; to attend to; to go or pass away; to attempt; to perceive (ii)
yabh futuere
yabh to cohabit; deri. yiyapsate, yabdha, yabdhvà, yarbdhum (i)
yach see yam, yach (reach)
yàc see ask
yàc to beg, to ask, to solicit (i)
yàd see unite (?)
yah see ('of questionable meaning')
yaj see offer
yaj to make an oblation to a deity, to associate with, to sacrifice, to worship, to
give; deri. iùña, yaùñavya, yàjya, yaùñum, samijya, iùñvà (i)
yakù press on (?)
yakù to honour (x)
yam, reach
yam to check, to stop; deri. yata, yamya, yantum, yatvà, niyamya or
niyatya, yacchatmàna, yemivas-yemàna (i)
yam to cover, to surround (x)
yantr to restrain, to bind (x)
yas, yeù be heated
yas to strive, to endeavour, to labour; deri. yasta, yasitum; yasitvà or yastvà
yas to endeavour; deri. yasta, yàsya, yasitvà (i)
yat see stretch
yat to torture, to encourage (x)
yat to strive after, to be watchful; deriv. yatta, yatitavya (i)
yauñ, to bind (i)
yeù see yas, yeù (be heated)
yeù to try, to attempt (i)
yu1see unite
yu2, separate
yu to censure, to despise (x)
yu to mix; to join; to separate; deri. yuta, yavya, yutvà, yuyuvas (ii)
yu to bind; deri. yuta, yotum, yutvà (ix)
yucch to err, to be negligent (i)
yuch see yu2, yuch (separate)
yudh fight
yudh to fight, to contend with; deri. yuddha; yoddhum; yuddhvà (iv)
yuj see join
yuj to bind, to restrain (x)
yuj to unite, to bind, to yoke; deri. yukta (i)
yuj to meditate, to curb one's mind, to concentrate the mind; deri. yukta; yogya
or yojya; yoktum; yuktvà (iv)
yuj to join, to unite, to apply, to use, to meditate, to concentrate the mind, to
prepare, to grant, to intend (vii)
yuïg to abandon, to desert (i)
yup see obstruct
yup to confuse; deri. yupta; yupitvà (iv)
yuù to injure, hurt or kill (i)
yuù to serve (x)
yut to shine (i)

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