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SULIT

4531

SECTION A
1

Which of the following is not a base unit.


A

Joule

Ampere

Kilogram

Second

108 km h-1
A

20 ms-1

30 ms-1

50 ms-1

60 ms-1

The graph shows the relationship between v and t.

The relationship between v and t can be given by


A

v =t+5

v =t+1

v =-t+5

v =-t+1

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The diagram shows a micrometer screw gauge used to measure the thickness of 100
sheets of paper.

What is the thickness of 1 piece of paper in mm?


A

0.0432

0.0438

0.0482

0.0488

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The diagram below shows a track for a 200 m event. An athlete takes 25 s to finish the
race.

What is the velocity of the athlete in ms-1 ?


A
B
C
D

Which of the following ticker tapes show acceleration ?

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The diagram shows three forces P, Q and R acting on an object O. The object is in
equilibrium state.

Which vector diagram shows the correct triangle of forces ?

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The diagram below shows a graph.

Which of the following is true about the graph.

H is the manipulated variable.

K is the constant variable.

H decreases linearly with K.

H is directly proportional to K.

The relationship between the stretching force, F , and extension x, of an elastic material
is given by the equation:

where k is a constant.
What is the base unit of k ?

10

kgm2s-2

kg s-2

kg ms-2

When a car is travelling with a constant velocity, its acceleration is


A

decreasing

equal to zero

increasing

constant

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The diagram below shows a box of mass 5 kg being pulled by a force of 100 N at an
angle of 60 to the horizontal. The frictional force acting on the box is 10 N.

Calculate the acceleration of the box.

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5.0 ms-2

8.0 ms-2

10.0 ms-2

15.3 ms-2

Which of the following describes an elastic collision between two objects ?


A

Total momentum is conserved.

Total kinetic energy is conserved.

Total kinetic energy and momentum are conserved.

Total energy, momentum and kinetic energy is conserved.

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The diagram shows a trolley of mass 500 g sliding down a smooth curved ramp.

What is the speed, v of the trolley?

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4.0 ms-1

17.3 ms-1

33.5 ms-1

75.0 ms-1

Which object has the highest inertia ?

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The diagram shows a motor lifting a load of mass 8.0 kg. The motor takes 4 s to lift the
load to a height of 0.5 m.

What is the power of the motor ?

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4 W

10 W

16 W

40 W

The diagram shows a student running up a staircase at a constant speed.

Which physical quantity increases as the student runs up the stairs ?


A

Inertia of the student.

Momentum of the student.

Kinetic energy of the student.

Gravitational potential energy of the student.

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The diagram below shows a parachutist landing with his legs bent.

Why does the parachutist bend his legs ?


A

To lengthen the time of impact of his feet with the ground.

To shorten the time of impact of his legs with the ground.

To reduce the weight of the parachute on his shoulders.

To increase the weight of his body when landing.

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The diagram below shows two spheres, P and Q.

Which of the following is true when P and Q are free falling from different heights.

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The velocities of P and Q are the same.

The acceleration of P and Q are the same.

The momentum of P and Q are the same.

The gravitational forces acting on P ad Q are the same.

The diagram below shows a tug-o-war match between Team A and Team B.

What is the resultant force acting on the rope ?


A

150 N acting towards Team A.

150 N acting towards Team B.

350 N acting towards Team A.

350 N acting towards Team B.

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The diagram shows a cyclist riding along a hilly road. At which position does the
cyclist have the highest kinetic energy ?

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The diagram below shows a reading of a weighing machine when the lift is stationary.

What is the reading on the weighing scale if the lift experiences free fall.

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Which statement is correct about inertia ?


A

Inertia depends on the size of the object.

Inertia of the object on earth is greater than the inertia on the moon.

An object with less mass is easier to move.

An object that moves easily is harder to stop.

A toy car with a mass of 2 kg is moving with a velocity of 3 ms-1 . It collides with
another toy car with a mass of 3 kg that is moving with a velocity of 2 ms-1 in the same
direction. After the collision both cars move together. Determine their velocity after the
collision.
A

1.2 ms-1.

2.4 ms-1.

2.0 ms-1.

2.8 ms-1.

Which applies the principle of conservation of momentum in the case of an explosion ?


A

Launching of a rocket.

A snooker ball hitting another.

A game of bowling.

A bullet penetrating a target.

The following materials can reduce impulsive force except


A

airbag of a car.

polystyrene packing.

mattress for a high jump.

pestle and mortar.

A car with a mass of 800 kg is travelling with a velocity of 72 km h-1. What is the
kinetic energy of the car ?
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16 000 J.

57 600 J.

160 000 J.

320 000 J.

A car moving with a velocity of 30 ms-1 decelerates uniformly and stops in 5 s. What is
the deceleration of the car ?
A

3 ms-1.

6 ms-1.

9 ms-1.

12 ms-1.

An apple falls from a tree and hits the ground in 0.8 s. What is the speed of the apple
when it hits the ground ? [ Take g = 10 ms-2 ]
A

4 ms-1.

6 ms-1.

8 ms-1.

10 ms-1.

Two objects of different masses are released from the same height. Which of the
following physical quantities is the same for the two objects ?
[ Neglect air resistance ]

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Kinetic energy.

Gravitational potential energy.

Time taken to reach the floor.

Momentum.

Which of the following is not a safety feature in a vehicle ?


A

Air bag.
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Seat belt.

Air conditioning.

Crushable bonnet.

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SECTION B
1

The diagram shows an object falling through air. The object is acted on by two forces A
and B whose directions are shown by the arrows. The value of each force is shown.

(a)

Name the type of force represented by:

(b)

(i) A ..........................................................................................................
[1 mark]
(ii) B .........................................................................................................
[1 mark]
State the size and direction of the resultant of forces A and B.

(c)

Size ...........................................................................................................
[1 mark]
Direction ...................................................................................................
[1 mark]
The mass of the falling object is 6.0 kg. Calculate its acceleration.
...................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................
[2 marks]

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(a)

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A train moves with a constant velocity of 30 m/s for 10 s before decelerating
uniformly to rest in a further 15 s.
Draw a velocitytime graph on the axes below.

[2 marks]
(b)

State the property of a velocitytime graph that can be used to determine the
distance travelled by the train.
.........................................................................................................................
[1 mark ]

(c)

Calculate the distance travelled by the train.


.........................................................................................................................
.........................................................................................................................
.........................................................................................................................
[3 marks]

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The picture shows two ice skaters A and B, facing each other. They are at rest on the
ice.

(a)

What is the total momentum of the two skaters ?


.........................................................................................................................
[1 mark]

(b)

Is momentum a scalar or vector quantity?


.........................................................................................................................
[1 mark]

(c)

The two skaters push away from each other and move in opposite directions.
(i)

Skater B has a mass of 30 kg and moves to the right with a speed of


3.2 ms-1. Calculate the momentum of skater B.
.................................................................................................................
.................................................................................................................
.................................................................................................................
[3 marks]

(ii)

What is the momentum of skater A.


.................................................................................................................
[1 mark]

(iii) Skater A has a mass of 40 kg. Calculate the velocity of skater A.


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.................................................................................................................
.................................................................................................................
.................................................................................................................
[2 marks]

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The graph below shows how the velocity of the car changes over a certain period of
time.

(a)

On a velocity-time graph, the gradient of the graph represents


...............................................................................................................................
[1 mark]

(b)

Determine the acceleration of the car in section I of the graph.


...............................................................................................................................
...............................................................................................................................
[2 marks]

(c)

Determine the distance travelled by the car.


...............................................................................................................................
...............................................................................................................................
...............................................................................................................................
[2 marks]

(d)

Find the average velocity of the car.


...............................................................................................................................
...............................................................................................................................
...............................................................................................................................
[2 marks]
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4531

The picture shows a forklift truck lifting a crate.

(a)

The mass of the crate is 1200 kg and it is lifted at a steady speed of 0.20 m/s.
Calculate the kinetic energy of the crate as it is being lifted.
...............................................................................................................................
...............................................................................................................................
[2 marks]

(b)

The forklift truck lifts the crate 2.8 m vertically.


(i) Calculate the gravitational potential energy gained by the crate.
....................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................
[2 marks]
(ii)

Calculate the time taken to lift the crate 2.8 m.


....................................................................................................................
....................................................................................................................
[2 marks]

(iii)

Calculate the output power of the forklift truck.


....................................................................................................................
....................................................................................................................

[2 marks]
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SULIT

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6
4 kg

6 kg

A 4 kg trolley is connected by a rope to a load of mass 6 kg. The friction between the
table and the trolley is 15 N. The load is then released. Assuming that the pulley is
smooth and the rope is of negligible mass, find
(a)

the acceleration of the system


..............................................................................................................................
..............................................................................................................................
..............................................................................................................................
[3 marks]

(b)

the tension of the rope


............................................................................................................................
............................................................................................................................
............................................................................................................................
[2 marks]

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SECTION C
A student carried out an experiment to investigate the relationship between the period, T, and
the length of the pendulum, l, of a simple pendulum. A student varied the length of the
pendulum and the pendulum was displaced to an initial angle and released. The pendulum
swung back and forth with periodic motion and the period T, was determined using a
stopwatch.
The result of the experiment are shown in the graph of T2 against l in the figure below. The
student intended to use this experiment to determine the acceleration due to gravity, g.

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(a)

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State the relationship between T2 and l.
................................................................................................................................
[2 marks]

(b)

A simple pendulum has a period of 1.3s. Using the graph of T2 against l ,


determine the length of the pendulum. Show on the graph how you determined
the length.

Length of pendulum =...............................................................


[3 marks]
(c)

The square of the period T2, is given by the formula:


( )
If
(i)

, then

, where m is the gradient of the graph T2 against l.

Calculate the gradient, m, of the graph T2 against l. Show on the graph how
you determined m.

m = ................................................
[3 marks]
(ii)

The acceleration due to gravity, g, in ms-2, is given by the equation:

Calculate the value of the gravitational acceleration, g, of the pendulum.

[2 marks]
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SULIT

4531

Prepared by:

Checked by:

Verified by:

..........................

....................

..................

Chandini Joseph

Pn Sanizah

Senior Asst.

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