UK Oil and Gas World Class Capabilities

Deeper | Colder | Cleaner | Safer

UK Energy


The UK oil and gas industry offers world class capabilities. It is the internationally recognised global centre of excellence for the majority of stages of the supply chain.
Over 100 years of onshore exploration and 40 years in the North Sea have given UK companies unrivalled expertise in exploration, production, transmission and distribution. UK technologies are at the forefront of utilisation, safety and the environmental sector. All of the skills, experience and expertise of the UK-based oil and gas sector and its supply chain are utilised internationally, generating $9.8 billion in export revenues.


2 4 8 14 18 22 26 30 34 36 40 42 44 45 46 Introduction Exploration Production Transmission Distribution Utilisation Processing Environment Safety Decommissioning Research and development Skills and education UK Trade & Investment UK Energy Contact addresses

downstream and supply chain challenges. . services and low carbon technologies. The UK hosts the headquarters and operational bases of many of the world’s largest energy corporations. and increasingly as operators of deep-water exploration and production offshore. UK companies are routinely the first. the UK’s oil and gas sector has long been a leader in environmental technologies such as waste management. The supply chain has a value of $29 billion – a third of which comes from exports. And the UK’s Oil Spill Prevention and Response Advisory Group (OSPRAG) is overseeing the development of a well capping device. The UK intends to develop these resources in the cleanest. processing and utilisation capabilities come together successfully in one of the most complex. the UK’s transmission. world-class capabilities in upstream and downstream oil and gas development. This huge range of upstream and downstream competencies is applied internationally. The UK has daily production of around 2. business. but still has a further 25 billion BOE of potentially recoverable resources. choice as partners for developing hydrocarbon prospects across the world. regulated and flexible markets in the world. Downstream. With 40 years of experience in recycling waste from offshore activities and life support. science and engineering. most sustainable ways possible.5 million barrels of oil equivalent (BOE). distribution. most sustainable ways possible. Nearly 7. UK oil and gas companies offer the worldwide industry all the benefits of upstream experience that have been hard-won in 40 years operating in the North Sea. the UK is well positioned to develop hydrocarbon resources domestically and abroad in the cleanest. finance and management. The potential for technology transfer of oil and gas capabilities to the renewables sector and carbon capture and storage (CCS) is huge.000 wells have been safely drilled in the UK Continental Shelf over the past 20 years without a single blow-out. Building on the UK’s globally recognised strengths of inventiveness. As the sixth largest market for environmental goods. The UK Continental Shelf has given up some 39 billion BOE over its production history. The UK’s safety regime. which will play a major role in oil spill response contingency plans. and often the only. is regarded as world class.UK Energy 2 UK Energy 3 Introduction The UK offers unrivalled. and the safety culture it promotes within the industry. which can be found operating in oil and gas provinces throughout the world. designed for deep-water wells. UK firms have created world-leading solutions to oil and gas upstream. with UK operating models and regulatory regimes widely acknowledged as the global standard and used as a worldwide benchmark.

The UK oil and gas sector’s expertise has been built and shaped by optimum performance in extreme environments. geological surveying and basin analysis depend. This exploration expertise forms part of the UK’s oil and gas supply chain. to the extremes of the deep and icy Arctic. petrology and seismology. on which modern exploration geophysics. Offshore reserves in the North Sea currently number 25 billion BOE and new discoveries west of the Shetland Isles and in the central North Sea show huge potential.UK Energy 4 UK Energy 5 Exploration UK geoscientists apply their unrivalled legacy of 200 years of leading earth science expertise to locate and appraise oil and gas reserves globally. The great British earth science pioneers developed the scientific fundamentals. It has developed leading technologies and know-how to operate and overcome any exploration challenges – from the blistering heat and deserts of the Middle East. .5 million barrels of oil equivalent (BOE) each day.8 billion each year. The UK is internationally recognised as the cradle of modern geology. such as stratigraphy. One third of these were successful. the UK produces around 2. adding up to 400 million barrels of oil and gas to UK reserves. responsible for exports of goods and services worth $9. through the harsh and destructive North Sea as well as the deep oceans off West Africa and Brazil. and offshore for the last 40 years in the UK Continental Shelf (UKCS). The UK’s commercial oil and gas exploration sector is supported by world-class academic university departments and research institutes. UK companies have been engaged in oil exploration since 1901. Through application of its exploration expertise. © Petroleum Geo-Services Targeted exploration led to over 60 exploration and appraisal wells drilled in the UK Continental Shelf during 2010. UK earth science institutes undertake ongoing pure and applied research into the science. engineering and technology that is driving the exploration geophysics and drilling techniques of the future.

before the data tapes are helicoptered off the ships and couriered for bulk processing at data centres in the UK and across the globe. thus optimising wellsite appraisal. Such high-end computing requires a huge amount of processing power that could consume a significant amount of energy and increase costs to clients. in the Arctic and in the South Atlantic have created specific expertise and know-how in deep-water surveys. in particular seismic and sonar-based approaches that mitigate the impact of acoustic surveys on macrofauna. semisubmersible rigs and jack-up rigs to play at significant depths. or post-drilling via data centres located in strategic global locations. This has significantly increased marginal return on investment. leading to the identification of high potential oil and gas plays. Its fleet of 16 seismic survey vessels trawls the world’s oceans to gather vast amounts of seismic data that is then processed and interpreted to identify hydrocarbon plays with economic potential. UK-based Petroleum Geo-Services is able to provide competitive seismic data processing services to its clients throughout the world. UK drilling contractors have global reach and can bring drilling ships. Using the exploration expertise and technology of UK companies to revisit and reappraise older fields previously considered to be beyond their economic life has resulted in extended life and re-opening of older wells. Based on hard-won experience from offshore in the North Sea and onshore fields. The firm’s UK data centre in Surrey. including gravity and seismic approaches. accurate basin analysis and reservoir appraisal. These products range from high technology engineered components – such as drill bits and couplings. UK exploration firms are at the forefront of environmental protection technologies that minimise the impact of underwater sound. uses cutting-edge computing technology and proprietary software to turn all the raw geological data into 3D images. Capabilities developed in the North Sea have resulted in leading environmentally-sensitive surveying technologies. UK-developed products provide vital support for drilling operations globally. A combination of UK designed and manufactured equipment. Reducing risk Exploration geophysics and reservoir analysis. The oil and gas services firm offers seismic and electromagnetic services. borehole and petrophysical data interpretation software to model and pinpoint optimum test-drilling locations. among them remote sensing and geophysical techniques. data acquisition and processing. They do so by applying the latest field-based surveying methods. south of London. plus reservoir analysis and interpretation to oil and gas companies worldwide. GEOphySICal SURvEy DaTa CEnTRE how energy saving can play its part in generating energy By adopting the latest-generation energy saving technology. Advances in exploration geophysics by UK firms in deep-water locations in the North Sea west of Shetland. Such speedy appraisal can either identify deposits of economic significance and accelerate likely production. advanced sonar equipment and dynamic positioning systems.and marinebased surveying expertise that can be integrated with seismic. UK exploration geophysics and survey firms reduce speculation risk though advanced. For quality control and to ensure the seismic is usable. Unique drilling and borehole sensor technology developed in the UK can reduce costs and maximise data capture through realtime measurement while drilling (MWD) and logging while drilling (LWD). Application of this technology has lowered the ratio of commercial field identification from one in ten to one in three appraisal wells. notably by enhancing safety and improving data acquisition and efficiencies through automation. basic processing takes place on board. Petroleum Geo-Services’ data centre managers have installed the latest in free-air­ cooling systems to reduce power costs and maximise up-time. including the UK. It is adept at responding swiftly when the results of exploration programmes indicate hydrocarbon presence. or close down uneconomical plays and mitigate further costs. to remain competitive by driving data processing costs down. So. The UK’s exploration services sector can offer drilling and wellsite appraisal services across the supply chain. software and systems applied by expert geoscientists and engineers can offer the latest in 3D and virtual reality dynamic reservoir analysis. thermal imaging sensors. This unrivalled expertise can be applied in other regions showing hydrocarbon potential. .UK Energy 6 UK Energy 7 Maximising return Advanced Drilling and wellsite appraisal technologies. Firms based in the UK can provide wellsite evaluation and integrated reservoir analysis either in real-time as data is streamed live during drilling. These services are regularly used to assist in the identification and development of new hydrocarbon energy sources. UK firms offer land. produced water and drill cuttings on benthic and pelagic fauna and flora. downhole technology and seismic imaging – to instrumentation.

small and medium sized enterprises and leading academic research and universities all play an active role. And UK innovations continue to lead production techniques worldwide. This has included spill incident responses that have led to the development of unique well-capping devices to minimise spills and restart production. experience and novel technologies provided by UK-based firms. pipeline and production maintenance sectors continue to be dominated by the unique skills. © BPP – Tech The UK’s subsea engineering expertise is internationally recognised as leading the world. there are expert UK companies throughout the supply chain.UK Energy 8 UK Energy 9 production Advanced UK production expertise and technology will keep fields in the UK Continental Shelf producing into the 2040s. In fact. Operating production in deep water has presented a host of fresh challenges that have been overcome by UK companies.1 billion BOE. UK companies lead the field in production technology innovation. Investment in UK Continental Shelf production capacity will bring 13 new fields on stream and redevelop four existing fields. Four decades of production experience in the harsh environment of the North Sea has resulted in the UK becoming a global centre of production excellence. with the UK having pioneered new technologies in subsea design and engineering. From project management. There are a further 67 potential new field developments with estimated reserves of 3. fabrication and manufacturing to subsea support and services. to positioning systems for remotely operated vehicles (ROVs). valves from high strength alloys.62 billion worth of services and products. Over 340. and by extending this know-how will maximise the life and return of hydrocarbon reserves globally. having revolutionised horizontal drilling technology and the 4D reservoir imaging techniques required to fully exploit it. the latter accounts for between 5% and 8% of the global market in oil and gas equipment and services. intelligent riser systems. . Multi-well production interfaces. UK production is underpinned by a vibrant research and development environment in which global energy corporations. design engineering. The latest UK engineering and technology advances range from non-intrusive pipeline pig monitoring. through the creation of deep-water The UK’s subsea capability includes over 800 companies and 40.000 are estimated to form the sector’s supply chain. ball and taper-based mooring technology and polymer mooring ropes have all been pioneered by UK businesses in the North Sea before being adopted worldwide.000 people are employed directly in the UK’s offshore oil and gas production and a further 100.000 experts who create over $9. Production operators have become expert at the development and application of environmental technologies that mitigate the impact of produced water and other discharges as a result of drilling and production. The ROV.

construction and well-drilling technology. fabrication and maintenance to supplying all the products. project management and construction sector is second to none. components and equipment a production platform requires. Real-time monitoring while drilling (MWD) has been enabled by the development of downhole logging instrumentation. and has an unrivalled track record in exporting this expertise worldwide. © Leighs Paints . UK firms have learned how to run production operations with maximum efficiency. traditional areas of UK strength are all becoming increasingly important. UK companies fill every niche at every stage of the production lifecycle.UK Energy 10 UK Energy 11 Building platforms for growth Production platform design. a huge and extended supply chain falls into place. Advanced real-time monitoring is also a key maintenance tool. the UK’s highly integrated production platform design. coupled with latestgeneration 4D reservoir visualisation techniques. Creating offshore production infrastructure for the hostile North Sea forty years ago demanded huge and rapid engineering and technological innovation from UK firms.000 wells and 10. Horizontal drilling techniques were originally pioneered by UK companies and have revolutionised oil and gas field development. servicing about 5. tethering and deep-water drilling expertise. from design.000km of pipelines. Once the decision to proceed is made. As a result of its huge endeavour in the North Sea. Since then. Hard-won expertise from the North Sea. with high operating costs. 470 offshore oil and gas installations have been built there. including floating production. providing the capabilities to scope the economic landscape and evaluate likely return on investment before any build costs are incurred. process engineering. This can provide exactly what the production project requires to meet its objective. making small plays economical and enabling older fields to return to production. With an increasing industry emphasis on deep-water exploration and production. sensors and supporting IT infrastructure that can be monitored remotely. And because the UK Continental Shelf is a mature field. monitoring component wear and corrosion. has provided UK operators with the expertise to design and implement directional well arrays that can significantly increase recovery.

43% of all UK oil and gas production has been through subsea wells. . The NSRI coordinates the research activities of four major UK universities and over twenty companies. and the Quad 204 redevelopment of the Schiehallion field in the UK. Mustang provided front-end engineering design (FEED) for a new Ekofisk 2/4Z wellhead platform that is bridge-linked to the existing Ekofisk Complex. Kinnoul/Andrew Area Development. woth an estimated $5. signalling and data logging suppliers such as Aberdeen-based Online Electronics. signalling and data logging equipment that enabled proof of launch. wave and tidal generative capacity. with a high focus on integrating the existing and new facilities. with a further 40 new offshore facilities estimated to be required in the North Sea to fully exploit reserves. Australia. cleaning. platform maintenance and operations activities. DESIGnInG ExTEnDED pRODUCTIOn lIfE InTO aGInG OIl anD GaS fIElDS Cost-effective solutions to sustain production for a further 40 years on one of the oldest norwegian-sector north Sea platforms Located almost 200 miles offshore of Norway in the southern part of the Norwegian North Sea. Online Electronics supplied pig-tracking. This is highlighted by the fact that UK companies and their representatives are leading figures in the development of international engineering and quality standards for the subsea sector. slurry handling. Looking to the future. pipelines follow. pipelines and knowledge transfer. The core UK competences of design. part of Wood Group.000m. Partnerships between UK renewable technology companies and oil and gas field service firms are facilitating technology transfer between the sectors. UK subsea sector exports comprise 56. In 2009. SIGnallInG anD DaTa lOGGInG Maintaining pipeline integrity with pre-installed remotely monitored pigs As exploration and production increasingly moves into deeper waters. The share of that market supplied by UK companies has grown consistently in recent years. plus bulk fluid transfer and storage facilities. services firms and small to medium sized enterprises that offer highly focused niche skills. BP s existing subsea and pipeline infrastructure is the largest in the UK sector. pressure relief/ depressurisation. pIG TRaCKInG. well intervention and drilling support equipment.38 billion. Andrew/Cyrus. including global energy corporations. with new developments planned in many of these areas. developed and applied in offshore oil and gas fields across the world. Multi-phase production is transported across the bridge link to tie into the Ekofisk Complex at the existing Ekofisk 2/4M platform. 5000km of pipeline and umbilicals and 170 subsea trees. In addition to the North Sea. gauging and testing operations. the Greater Ekofisk Area Development is in 70-75m (230-246ft) of water. while also complying with the necessary pressure rating. Libya. This achievement has only been possible as a direct result of the expertise developed by UK companies since the mid-1970s. the subsea facilities on these assets represent some 50 per cent of BP s global subsea wellstock. The pipeline was successfully commissioned with all pigging and tracking products delivered meeting demanding performance criteria such as the battery-life by incorporating pressure-switch activation where appropriate. when an increasing amount of North Sea production. UK production and subsea capability is also becoming highly sought after in the renewable power generation sector. Production on this platform began in 1971 and. The overall plan for the field includes both refurbishment and replacement of existing facilities. BP assets that currently utilise subsea infrastructure include the Foinaven and Schiehallion floating production storage and offloading units (FPSOs) and tiebacks on ETAP (the Eastern Trough Area Project).000m. Petrobras developed the Hybrido gas field.5% of the sector’s output. This creates fresh challenges for pigging operators and for pig tracking. proof of receipt and a means of tracking the pigs as the pipeline network was commissioned. ensure minimum offshore work. BP currently has several projects underway that plan to use the latest developments in subsea infrastructure to generate production. The platform collects and exports multiphase production from 35 wells (36 well slots) to the existing Ekofisk Complex separation trains. plus operational support are highly transferable to building offshore wind. BP also has potential subsea development opportunities in Brazil. and for the last two decades the UK has been a net exporter of subsea experts. Since 2008. and comprise 178 subsea pipelines. more than half of which will be spent on pipelines. and UK firms are leading suppliers of the dynamic riser systems developed to connect seabed wells with floating production facilities. the Caspian Sea. As production in the North Sea has moved subsea. The global subsea hardware and equipment market is expected to grow by 23% to $139 billion from 2011-2015. and pigs were pre-installed into the launchers months in advance of flooding. thanks to innovative solutions provided by Mustang. the UK also maintains a strong research base coordinated by the National Subsea Research Institute (NSRI). fabrication and installation of offshore structures. The new Ekofisk 2/4Z production facility comprises integrated topsides supported by a four-leg steel jacket with jack-up drilling support capabilities. and so quality assurance is a major capability embedded within every UK firm in the supply chain. The Ekofisk 2/4Z platform includes welltesting facilities consisting of a three-phase test separator and two multiphase meters. so UK companies have developed leading technologies to support well siting. The field development involved the installation of 141km of flexible and rigid lines in four different fields.UK Energy 12 UK Energy 13 WORlD-lEaDInG SUBSEa anD pIpElInE CapaBIlITIES how Bp’s production technology has evolved globally from its north Sea origins As the UK Continental Shelf (UKCS) exploration and production environments become more challenging. the Gulf of Mexico and Egypt. Continuing their investment into the UKCS region. the development and implementation of subsea installations is playing a bigger and more important role in BP s offshore oil and gas production. And although the platform will not be permanently manned. These projects include the Skarv development in Norway. the Devenick. over 100km from shore. And the lessons in efficiency learned by North Sea production operators are being used to drive down the costs of offshore renewable energy. Touching the surface of UK expertise Subsea capabilities. The country’s subsea contracting firms have seen their expertise continuously enhanced. capping and management. Magnus and Bruce. UK designed and manufactured remotely operated vehicles (ROVs) can be found in most of the world’s offshore fields. cable supply and laying. requiring offshore pigging providers to plan for operations at depths of 3. Together. offshore Brazil. Demand for subsea expertise remains strong. plus pipeline and cable laying and maintenance. As a global centre of excellence in subsea engineering and technology. and provide reliable and cost-effective solutions. This field involved water depths of more than 2. as well as construction of new facilities to capture added value and sustain production. technology and project management. The UK is acknowledged as the global centre of excellence in subsea engineering. There are no margins for error in extreme operating environments. Russia and China. facilities have been provided to support and accommodate personnel during well intervention. The project s objectives were to achieve design standardisation. will continue for a further 40 years. expansion and maintenance took place beneath the surface of the sea. embedding UKtrained professionals in oil and gas services firms in every hydrocarbon producing nation. BP s subsea portfolio currently includes important and valuable activity in Angola. with 50 per cent of North Sea production now being produced from subsea facilities.

laying offshore and onshore pipelines – incorporating subsea expertise and trenchless technologies.600km transmission and storage network of unprecedented sophistication and flexibility. which supplies the UK’s gasfired power station fleet and. engineers and contractors were starting with a clean sheet. securing the energy security of sovereign states across Europe. The UK’s leading transmission capabilities are exported to over 100 countries. Supplies are maintained through sophisticated control protocols and complex demand modelling that ensures a continuous supply from ‘beach to meter’.600km of high strength steel pipeline operating at 70-94bar. when the first North Sea gas was piped ashore. Africa. 365 days a year. The transmission supply chain is extensive and includes a huge number and variety of firms applying specialist technologies and expertise. construction and transmission management expertise is applied by UK companies in more than 100 countries worldwide. As LNG exports have increased. via the distribution network.UK Energy 14 UK Energy 15 Transmission UK-based firms have built a 7. Gas National Transmission System (NTS) The UK’s transmission system features 7. via new-build coastal gas terminals. That same design. are able to operate in the harshest of environments. UK-based companies have designed and built latest generation marine terminals and an impressive processing infrastructure. leading to the construction of liquefied natural gas (LNG) terminals and pipelines from Norway. There are nine gas import terminals. project managers. the Middle East. They built a technologically advanced and futureproofed transmission and storage network. . 27 compressor stations and 400 above-ground stations in the network. welding technologies and fixings. And they routinely lend their expertise to challenging international transmission projects. delivers natural gas into 21 million UK homes and businesses. Asia and the Americas. Those UK designers. Belgium and the Netherlands. They needed to replace local coal-gas municipal gasworks with a transmission and storage network that could pipe natural gas onshore from offshore North Sea gas fields. which operates 24 hours a day. In 1967. advanced valves. UK companies have unrivalled experience in constructing high capacity subsea transmission networks and. which includes re-gasification plants and storage that links seamlessly into the transmission and distribution network. with 40 years working in the North Sea. Imports account for a third of gas input into the UK’s transmission system. engineering. serving one of the most complex and demanding energy markets in the world. Controlling all of this is the Gas National Control Centre. Specialisms include: pipe fabrication technologies using the latest composite materials. UK firms were faced with a unique challenge. and the latest in low embodied energy materials to minimise carbon footprint. anti-corrosion coatings.

Application was by airless spray equipment with stationary nozzles. software and consulting to national transmission grids for international clients.3m long. For both projects. Cutting-edge UK pigging engineering. UK firms are expert at civil engineering construction of pipelines and associated structures. offshore and in deep water. leak detection and fire safety and suppression systems. The UK’s subsea pipeline transmission and marine engineering expertise is second to none. UK companies are developing low carbon technologies that use pipeline materials and infrastructure which minimise embodied energy and energy use in operation. . The company has applied its 150 years of paint and coatings expertise to develop a pipeline coating that improves the flow efficiency of the gas as it travels through the pipe. from new build construction onshore. monitoring and sensor technology. alloys. valves. the first pipeline was 78km long with variable diameters up to 700mm and made up of pipe sections 12. having been perfected over 40 years in the extreme North Sea environment. quality control and transmission management. The second pipeline was 80km long with similar specifications. In Angola. storage and demand management software and systems. Safety is embedded at every stage of the transmission lifecycle. SURF IM (subsea. project management and design expertise prepare the ground for transmission pipelines of hundreds of kilometres. a total of 50. And UK firms routinely provide leak detection sensors. fixings. this impressive UK expertise is brought to bear on pipeline construction projects worldwide. plastics and advanced composites. Not surprisingly. around which the pipes were rotated. This coatings technology is used in subsea and onshore pipelines for clients throughout the world. Transmission capabilities UK transmission and storage capabilities are in demand worldwide. all developed in the UK. The project aims to create a consistently applied best practice methodology that will satisfy subsea inspection and condition monitoring requirements through enhanced integrity management. Demand modelling software built by UK developers can map out new network transmission and storage requirements. umbilical. The internal surface of the pipes was blast cleaned before a proprietary friction-reducing coating developed by Leighs Paints was applied to a depth of 75 microns. From the wellhead to the power station and on to distribution networks leading to consumers’ homes in over 100 countries. MCS Kenny and MSi Kenny are spearheading the SLARP research project. integrity assessment. but internal pipeline coatings developed by UK companies also increase flow rates and reduce internal friction. regulators. directly benefitting the UK and global industry. Offshore construction by UK firms must adhere to tough environmental protection regulations and onshore postconstruction remediation is mandatory. Each project will last between twelve and eighteen months.UK Energy 16 UK Energy 17 SMOOTh OpERaTOR haS IT COvERED 158km of angolan pipeline are treated with high-performance coating solution UK-based Leighs Paints has successfully coated two sections of transmission pipeline in Angola. SUBSEa anD pIpElInE TEChnOlOGy RESEaRCh InITIaTIvES Deep water and long-tieback locations to benefit from UK-based research UK-based Wood Group Kenny. UK supply chain businesses have also developed new technologies in welding. is taking the lead in groundbreaking industry technology initiatives. results in world-class inspection. including sophisticated control. a global leader in subsea and pipeline engineering. Two research projects. Anti-corrosion and coating technologies not only extend the lives of pipelines. operation and maintenance of even the largest transmission networks. SURF IM is led by Wood Group Integrity Management and MCS Kenny. The firm has also developed multi-layer coatings to protect against substrate corrosion. And onshore. to end-user protection. fire suppression technologies and incident management systems. The UK has extensive capabilities to fabricate transmission pipework in a huge range of materials.000 litres of coating was applied to provide long-term protection against corrosion. riser and flowline equipment integrity management) and SLARP (slug loading and response in pipelines) have the financial and technical support of twelve international oil and gas operators. And real-time field data gathering is monitored and controlled by the world’s foremost transmission. including steel. UK-based firms can be found at every stage of the transmission and storage supply chain. both Wood Group Kenny businesses. Detailed project planning. Such vibrations can result in shutdowns or expensive intervention to repair or replace sections of the pipeline. They run from production wells offshore to onshore liquefied natural gas (LNG) facilities. as well as at post-construction land remediation. This will focus on developing design and analysis techniques to avoid pipeline vibrations caused by fluctuating internal fluids transported by the pipeline. compressor stations and all the equipment necessary to ensure the smooth creation.

7 billion by 2020 in the refurbishment and expansion of their networks. UK firms have developed unrivalled expertise in drilling. installation and repair. Supporting the installation and operation of the distribution infrastructure is the UK’s sensor technologies sector. to the latest innovations in 21st century smart metering. such advanced leak detection minimises distribution network wastage. Innovations in nanotechnology have led to outstanding advances in the sensor technology used for leak detection in homes. which brings together expertise from all other areas of the oil and gas industry with that of other sectors. With 278. the UK’s financial sector offers specialist insurance and reinsurance products for energy markets. iron and polyethylene mains pipeline. maintain and decommission. High technology meets volume distribution. plus strategic and asset management and consulting. engineering and construction expertise. And the UK’s supply chain companies have developed valves. have been applied and used internationally as a template for utility sector change. As well as providing advanced research and development services. tunnelling.UK Energy 18 UK Energy 19 Distribution The UK is the world’s leading centre of distribution excellence. compressors. together with project financing expertise and access to the world’s largest private equity and corporate finance markets.000km of steel. reliability and performance characterise the priorities and expertise of the UK’s supply chain companies. The UK’s distribution network delivers gas to over 21 million homes and businesses through 278. fittings and all the associated hardware that the physical infrastructure requires. jointing. In addition to improving safety. renew. Over 50 per cent of the world’s gas processing and distribution programmes utilise UK know-how. workplaces and throughout the network. In addition. economic and management development. as the smart meter is set to become a feature in every UK home and business. welding. allowing energy consumers to make informed choices about how they consume energy. Innovation. sealing. trenching and trenchless technologies. benefitting from more than 200 years of ongoing research. This is all backed up by the most advanced software development and demand management systems. UK companies pioneered smart metering technology and will be responsible for its roll-out to 26 million UK energy customers by 2020. The UK’s distribution services sector is the world leader. the UK distribution sector has been at the forefront of the field’s technological. considerably increasing efficiency. And the lessons learned and resulting regulatory and technical expertise developed following privatisation of the UK gas industry in the 1980s. From its early 19th century origins in gas lighting and pipe laying in London. . development and application. as well as in pipe fabrication. UK consultants offer design. UK distribution companies will invest $7.000km of low pressure gas distribution pipelines to build. safety. often in collaboration with academic research centres.

UK firms have exceptional expertise in applying materials science and the use of smart materials to component and product design and manufacture. and so firms invest heavily in workforce skills. Secondly. ranging from basic but expertly machined pipe fittings to highly calibrated sensor technology. The UK’s high technology manufacturing expertise and experience is applied to product and component production.UK Energy 20 UK Energy 21 Distribution capabilities UK firm fostering hi-tech and lean disciplines for international distribution supply chain. automation and cost efficiency to flourish. A 30­ year programme is underway to replace the entire existing iron mains piping with polyurethane and novel materials. UK distribution supply chain companies adhere to the highest international product quality standards. at the same time introducing significant cost efficiencies. together with field management techniques such as leastcost routing. Innovation and research and development specialists in the UK are able to draw on a huge base of expertise. The use of rugged. UK training firms are adept at exporting their training expertise. © Leighs Paints © Gettyimages . supply chain companies and cash resources. which mean that UK designs and products are suitable for use worldwide. This means that technology solutions to distribution challenges can be quickly and effectively created. and many small to medium sized enterprises (SMEs) in the distribution supply chain enthusiastically apply for and gain sought-after quality and environmental standards. it is recognised as a service qualifier and differentiator for UK companies seeking competitive advantage in a global market place. The sheer size of the UK distribution network provides the demand volume that enables economies of scale. And UK companies are among the world leaders in rapid prototyping and tooling technologies. The UK is home to a wide variety of laboratories and test houses that provide product and materials testing to international standards. internet-enabled ‘always-on’ laptops is commonplace and. As a result of the ongoing drive to introduce efficiencies and reduce waste and leakage in the distribution network. UK companies pioneered field force automation. This is further boosted by cost saving know-how and energy efficient technologies that are particularly strong in the UK distribution supply chain. and because over 50 per cent of distribution programmes globally use UK know-how. Training plays two major roles in the UK distribution sector. Firstly. there is a thriving training and education sector in distribution. to the extent that all major distribution network maintenance. and all without compromising safety or service levels. lean production processes. A mature quality accreditation industry exists in the UK. including composite materials originally designed in the UK for applications in sectors such as defence and aerospace. repair and emergency services providers operate field teams with the latest information and communications (ICT) technologies. has elevated response times and service standards.

UK companies provide a huge range of after-market. UK firms pioneered the product development of gas utilisation appliances for domestic markets. The UK mass market was one of the first to embrace and adopt natural gas. and UK agencies have created marketing and advertising campaigns to promote the benefits of upgrading to or acquiring the latest energy efficient devices.700 workers. manufacturing and installation. ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) sector is internationally renowned for design innovation. The UK utilisation service infrastructure is highly regulated and offers safe and expert solutions across the spectrum of domestic and industrial applications. UK firms supply precision engineered parts to many well-known global brands and the low carbon energy efficient element of many gas utilisation products are based on technologies developed by UK-based companies. Alongside their technical infrastructure and product expertise. testing. appliances and components for end-users. A gas engineer cannot operate legally in the UK without being registered with and subject to the ongoing and demanding safety and quality requirements of the Gas Safe Register (formerly CORGI). the UK building services and heating. commercial and industrial installation sectors. between them responsible for the installation and maintenance of all domestic. respected. cooking and catering appliance design. Utilisation services include the highly regulated domestic. Gas Safe is recognised worldwide as the leading safety registration and competency model. analysis and gas utility services. Marketers have designed creative and compelling marketing schemes to stimulate uptake of gas appliances. At the commercial and industrial scale. replicated and aspired to internationally. hot water. most flexible and capable supply chain in the world. The UK’s gas utilisation goods and services sector has benefited from over 200 years of development.UK Energy 22 UK Energy 23 Utilisation UK gas utilisation expertise has created a vibrant product market of energy efficient devices. The UK’s exceptional product supply chain applies its full inventiveness. The legacy of expertise resulting from converting an entire nation from coal derived ‘town gas’ to natural gas throughout the 1970s has left the UK with the strongest. leading the field in environmental performance and low carbon technologies. engineering and construction. replicated and aspired to internationally. building unrivalled competences in heating. The UK’s regulatory environment is one of the toughest in the world. The UK’s model of gas engineer regulation is respected. The UK gas utilisation industry directly employs 123. creativity and design engineering expertise to gas utilisation product components and finished products. . commercial and industrial gas appliances.

such as aerospace. The UK has a fast-evolving natural gas vehicles (NGV) and dual fuels capability. energy efficiency and innovation. components and system solutions are internationally recognised as setting benchmarks for quality. For example. they play a major role on the international skills development and accreditation stage. which allow householders to generate power that feeds back into the national power grid and enables householders to earn income from their surplus power. safety. UK designed and built appliances. Because the sector is so highly regulated. boiler components and HVAC plant are created from components designed and built by UK manufacturers. trade and craft skills required has led to a number of impressive UK professional and trade bodies. UK supply chain companies are behind the development and manufacture of many finished product components. Together. the level of professional. CHP plants have been installed in a huge range of industrial facilities. improving energy efficiency and reducing carbon emissions. so too are UK-developed code and software. The utilisation supply chain ranges from multinational corporations. The sheer size of the utilisation workforce and supply chain has led to the development of a substantial training and development expertise. There is also a burgeoning market for retrofitting personal vehicles. and UK firms are developing affordable dual and single fuel solutions to meet the sector’s growing needs. steam turbines. motorsport and defence. At an industrial scale. hot water and catering appliances. What they all share is a commitment to uncompromising safety standards. while materials and engineering often transfers into the sector from other UK specialisms. vehicle fleets are adopting automotive original equipment manufacturers’ (OEM) technologies that are part-developed by the UK supply chain. UK test facilities are used to certify utilisation products to over fifty European standards (CE marks) and routinely test imported products from around the world. And UK standards and building regulations are widely used internationally. automotive. safety and energy efficiency. through small to medium sized enterprises to sole traders and tradespeople with craft skills. UK designed and manufactured sensors and controls are found in heating. At the commercial level.UK Energy 24 UK Energy 25 Utilisation capabilities UK utilisation supply chain companies embody a culture of innovation. UK-based firms have developed innovative micro-CHP boilers for domestic use. less obviously. Gas turbines. Innovation in utilisation is demonstrated by the world-leading combined heat and power (CHP) sector. Representatives of the UK supply chain and research community can be found on all major international standards committees for domestic and commercial appliances. © Radius Systems Ltd .

engineers and other related experts. UK companies employ over 14. build and manage petrochemical and refining. UK firms also design. project managers.000 specialist designers. not including the construction and supply chain workforce responsible for creating and maintaining plants. Environmental law and risk assessment. design. UK companies also have commissioning. Working for 40 years on the margins of the North Sea has provided UK contractors with unique insights and abilities. engineers and related experts. liquefied natural gas (LNG) and liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) plants and facilities. . And the figure for that huge pool of talent does not include the construction and supply chain workforce responsible for creating and maintaining plants in the UK and overseas. project managers. on projects worth over $25 billion each year.UK Energy 26 UK Energy 27 processing The UK’s global engineering construction sector designs. Up to 70% of the value of new contracts is for projects outside the UK. enabling them to operate effectively in the most challenging and extreme environments. UK engineering construction firms have annual order books worth $25 billion and generate new projects worth $6 billion each year. heavy and fine chemical. pollution control and waste management expertise are key components of the added-value services that UK companies include with every project. There is a UK specialist at every stage of the processing plant project lifecycle. UK companies employ over 14. builds and manages petrochemical and processing plants for the downstream oil and gas sector in 100+ countries. With one of the largest concentrations of engineering construction expertise in the world. technology. end of use and recycling expertise. Environmental management is firmly embedded into the UK processing supply chain and lifecycle. That means UK firms can offer feasibility studies and project financing. The UK engineering construction sector has the capabilities to fulfil downstream oil and gas process plant requirements anywhere in the world. Safety is an intrinsic element of operating culture and is included throughout the project process.000 specialist designers. procurement and construction (EPC). as well as both basic and detailed engineering. operational management and maintenance.

commissioning and operation of downstream oil and gas process plants. the construction workforce totalled over 2. UK firms have developed innovative modular and pre-assembly construction techniques that were originally designed for the challenges presented by the North Sea. decommissioning. but are now applied internationally as best practice. © South Hook LNG Terminal Company . and fosters ground-breaking advances in process engineering and construction. joint venture and partnership arrangements that can draw in small to medium sized enterprises (SMEs) from the supply chain. They routinely prove themselves to be the partners of choice for project management. Four decades of operating in the hostile North Sea has further fostered the UK’s already strong culture of innovation. At its peak. procurement and construction (EPC) company CB&I was contracted to design and build an LNG Terminal with unloading facilities and five Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) storage tanks. Shell’s St Fergus gas plant and its Fife natural gas liquids (NGL) complex in the UK have undergone major upgrades to extend their life. The South Hook LNG Terminal project. The three-year £350m rejuvenation project. as well as process and flow modelling. This allows dedicated plant component fabrication within the controlled environment of leading manufacturing facilities. experience and capabilities can always be found. The global reach and expertise of the UK’s financial sector can provide project financing options and risk assessment. Major UK engineering infrastructure corporations are often open to alliance. which will take place whilst keeping the system fully operational. These include advanced examples of: oil and gas terminals. allowing Qatari LNG to be unloaded at the Terminal. which are now significantly contributing to the UK’s gas demand. engineering. procurement and construction (EpC) of a new plant Engineering. built and operated by the UK processing supply chain. a UK specialist with the right skills. oil storage terminals. NGLs are delivered directly to the Fife Natural Gas Liquids plant for further refining. New build lNG TermiNal Engineering. the UK processing industry can offer some of the world’s leading management consultancies and law firms with specific industry expertise. and regasified before entering the UK market.500 UK employees and sub-contractors. Most of the topside facilities were manufactured offsite as preassembled units and racks. insurance and reinsurance services that are tailored to the requirements of the specific project. with the St Fergus plant separating dry gas for sale to the UK national grid and natural gas liquids. each with a 155.000 cubic metre capacity. construction and commissioning of complex projects. from cradle to grave Construction. at Milford Haven in the UK. storage and regasification facility. This pioneering approach allows highly specialist and innovative small to medium sized enterprises (SMEs) to bring their skills. from transport to utilities. operation. design and engineering. research and development. With such a large and diversified expert workforce on hand. This sustained capacity is expected to help keep pace with UK gas demand. As many of the latest technologies for these have been developed by UK companies. build. This project was worth over $1 billion. refineries and all related infrastructure. They can conduct preliminary and feasibility studies and create contractual arrangements and deal structures that meet the plant end-users’ needs. with work having started in November 2004 and the Terminal declaring full commercial operations in April 2010. with a focus on creating solutions to engineering challenges. computer aided design (CAD).UK Energy 28 UK Energy 29 Downstream process partners Partners of choice for project management. commissioning. Modular construction disperses component production to best-of-breed suppliers throughout the UK supply chain. Alongside its technical competences. providing improved procurement and supply chain security. is a receiving. UK engineering construction companies consistently deliver outstanding results in challenging environments. processing plants. experience and creativity to major projects. adoption is a matter of course. procurement. The project is part of the Qatargas 2 Value Chain. which were then installed onto the completed substructure. upSTream meeTS dowNSTream processing plants undergo major upgrades whilst remaining fully operational. Other major renovations are planned for the site. has extended the life of the assets. Design and engineering firms automatically adopt world leading and cutting-edge project lifecycle management (PLM). using the technical expertise and project management skills of Shell and partner Esso. The plants’ throughput was recently increased thanks to a major subsea engineering triumph that linked the UK to Norway’s offshore Gjøa field via a 130 km pipeline connected to the Far North Liquid and Associated Gas System (FLAGS). The UK’s advanced processing sector can offer capabilities and product solutions to fulfil the requirements of every stage of the supply chain. The UK hosts internationally recognised inspection and quality assurance authorities and is responsible for driving many of the international technical standards in the process engineering sector. no matter how exacting and demanding the project requirements. This unyielding and relentless focus on quality and safety is brought to bear by UK companies throughout the design. that meet project cost and scheduling requirements within stringent safety parameters. The UK’s North Sea heritage has resulted in examples of virtually all categories of downstream oil and gas facility being designed. The latter itself links into the Shell Esso Gas and Associated Liquid (SEGAL) system that supplies the St Fergus and Fife plants. Upstream wet gas is piped directly into the downstream processing facility. liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) production. liquefied natural gas (LNG) storage and regasification.

000 people. organisations and governments by improving preparedness for agile and effective responses to hydrocarbon and chemical spills. between them employing almost 900. services and solutions. The UK low carbon and environmental goods and services sector is valued at over $183 billion. with the result that the UK has a well-deserved global reputation for providing world-class low carbon and environmental solutions. These typically far exceed the requirements of the most demanding environmental regulatory frameworks – those set out. UK companies are active in every area of the global environmental goods and services sector.9 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide (CO2). by the UK Government and the European Union. Carbon capture and the processes of transport and storage are being pioneered by UK firms. and forecast to rise to an estimated 1.000 low carbon and environmental goods and services companies active in the UK.2 million people by 2015. and at each stage in the supply chain. The UK’s market for low carbon and environmental goods and services is the sixth largest in the world. It was founded in the UK in 1984 and continues to serve global energy firms. The UK-based International Spill Control Organisation is the world’s largest international body for hydrocarbon and chemical spill control. developing a wide range of outstanding solutions and competencies that are delivered internationally. which have an estimated capacity of up to 9. The Carbon Trust forecasts that UK companies have the potential to generate up to $100 billion by commercialising low-carbon innovation. There are nearly 55. In addition. Examples appear at every stage of the oil and gas lifecycle: seismic surveying is conducted in such a way as to protect marine wildlife. the environmental impact of drilling muds and produced waters are mitigated. and rigorously enforced. © Nick Manners .UK Energy 30 UK Energy 31 Environment UK companies offer world-leading low carbon and environmental products. mitigation and management. The UK oil and gas sector has embraced low carbon and environmental technologies and services. Its regulatory models are globally acknowledged as being at the forefront of regulatory best practice and are replicated in many jurisdictions across the world. the UK’s decommissioning programme – projected to cost up to $49 billion between now and 2040 – has at its heart future-proofed environmental protection. and transmission networks use lightweight PVC pipes with low embodied energies. including for the depleted oil and gas fields of the UK Continental Shelf (UKCS). The UK’s environmental regulator for offshore oil and gas activity is the UK Government’s Department of Energy and Climate Change (DECC).7 billion tonnes of CO2 could be captured and stored. waste management and recycling technologies developed and implemented by UK companies. And cutting-edge geological research by UK companies into the use of saline aquifers in the UKCS has revealed that as much as 52.

UK-based oil services company Wood Group provides operational and maintenance support for the turbines. oil and gas offshore installations and onshore petrochemical plants are a potential source of airborne and soil contaminants. incident planning and management. During construction. The UK’s transmission. Onshore and air pollution prevention and management are key features of the UK oil and gas sector. and in this five-year period. Environmental solutions tailored to the onshore and offshore oil and gas industry. offshore of the North East coast of the UK. © Wood Group © Wood Group . In fact. production has averaged 69 million tonnes of oil per year. or recycle and manage life support and operation waste offshore. driving UK oil and gas field services firms to become one of the leading sources of waste management and recycling technologies globally. so onshore processing facilities are designed to mitigate air pollution and ground contamination and for the protection of the water table and water courses. A combination of environmental and ecological impact assessment. were examined. pollution control measures and monitoring protect groundwater and the natural environment from onshore pollution incidents. The two test turbines are located in the Beatrice field. Pioneering technologies for spray systems. UK marine pollution firms have created and apply environmental technologies that include prevention technologies. UK companies apply leading pollution control and clean-up technologies in spill zones around the world for a range of international oil and gas producing clients. Offshore installations in the North Sea return all life support waste for management onshore. The country’s oil and gas sector environmental services firms have decades of onshore and offshore pollution and spill prevention and mitigation experience. fit for purpose design and engineering. distribution and utilisation sectors have created a wealth of environmental competencies and technologies in the businesses that service these sectors. as well as turbine collision hazards for bird life and noise pollution during operations. dispersants. This UK environmental expertise can be applied to the petrochemical infrastructure of any oil and gas producing nation. In addition. A key component of the project was to assess the impact of installation and operation of deep-water wind turbines on the environment. and this expertise is routinely applied to oil and gas industries outside the UK. This has led to world-leading advances in the development of waste management technologies and techniques for drilling mud and produced water. Environmental studies evaluated the electromagnetic impact of power cables on fish and cetaceans. have all been developed in the UK. comprising two 5 MW wind turbines in water depths of up to 45m. and linked to the Beatrice Alpha production platform by an undersea cable. because of the spill and prevention control and prevention expertise and technology applied by UK companies in the North Sea. booms and skimmers for containment and collection. such as ‘soft-start’.UK Energy 32 UK Energy 33 pollution prevention and control an IDEal EnvIROnMEnT fOR TEChnOlOGy TRanSfER an ideal environment for technology transfer linking offshore oil and gas capabilities with renewable energy generation Talisman Energy (UK) Limited and Scottish and Southern Energy developed the Beatrice Windfarm Demonstrator Project. no annual spill total has exceeded 61 tonnes of oil in the entire UK Continental Shelf in the last five years. the impact of underwater noise from piling on marine life was assessed and mitigation technologies. as well as waste treatment systems. as can be seen in BP’s Wytch Farm onshore field.

OPITO (formerly known as the Offshore Petroleum Industry Training Organisation). from initial exploration to decommissioning. And today.000 wells have been safely drilled in the challenging conditions in the UK Continental Shelf over the past 20 years. The UK’s regulatory regime.UK Energy 34 UK Energy 35 Safety The UK’s oil and gas sector set itself the target of becoming the safest oil and gas exploration and production province in the world. plus public and private sector training providers to ensure that the safety training needs of the industry and its workers are met. Fern Communications’ portable repeaters are also being used in the UK. However the signal of the radio communications used in such manoeuvres is attenuated by the vessel’s steel structure. The devices are both portable and ruggedised. is widely regarded as world class. The UK-based company was contacted by Qatargas. UK companies also provide the full range of basic. the UK has pioneered the use of Global Positioning Systems (GPS) for offshore helicopter operations. but essential. International clients include both upstream and downstream companies. It also works with energy companies. fireproof powder coatings for structural members in onshore and offshore installations. In addition to technology based safety solutions. the Gulf of Mexico and Taiwan. There has not been a blow-out in the UK in over 20 years of offshore operations. which lies within line of sight of the bridge and the sea level FPM. the new cap will improve safety and environmental protection responses worldwide. assesses and coordinates industry safety training needs. In December 2010. Qatargas has since placed their first order and are looking for further uses for the product. and which UK companies adopt when operating internationally. the UK oil and gas sector leads the world in safety training. Although there have been no blow-outs in the UK for over 20 years. such as: photo­ luminescent safety signs. as well as in the North and South Atlantic and the Arctic. Qatargas’ natural gas condensate fixed-point mooring (FPM) outlets are located offshore. UK solutions are in active and successful use around the globe. The FRX variant of the technology conforms to European ATEX directives. services. Fern Communications visited the Qatar gas terminal of Ras Laffan and completed successful tests on board a condensate tanker. safe radio repeaters. Oil and gas sector specialists in the UK have routinely broken new ground in safety technology. systems. which means it can be safely used in environments with an explosive atmosphere. They have created innovations such as: well protection sleeves. All are designed for the arduous operating environment of the North Sea and extreme conditions found throughout the world. has led UK companies to develop world leading competencies in deep-water operations safety. the UK has developed sensor technologies that can detect combustible vapours that are linked to active fire and gas protection systems and software able to assess and react to risks. Safety technologies that encompass the entire oil and gas lifecycle have the ‘developed in the UK’ stamp on them. The cap’s design has been overseen by the Technical Review Group of UK safety organisation the Oil Spill Prevention and Response Advisory Group (OSPRAG). and the safety culture it promotes within the industry. To combat safety risks posed by hazardous substances. The harsh conditions of the North Sea have bred an outstanding safety culture that has become embedded through the UK’s oil and gas sector. and lifting hooks that have revolutionised heavy lift safety. © Fern Communications . creating a dangerous black spot. The industry owned Oil and Gas Academy. portable hyperbaric chambers for deep sea divers. The country also leads the world in radar signal processing infill solutions for overcoming the challenges of wind farm induced radar coverage black spots. Norway. Extensive deep-water drilling experience West of Shetland in the North Sea. low level escape systems. plus specialist tapes and anti-slip products. tanker captains must position the front of their vessels adjacent to the FPM. as well as supply vessels and fire brigades. making them suitable for use offshore. ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) systems developed in the UK are able to respond to chemical leaks and effectively evacuate smoke and fumes. which has led to the pioneering ‘goal setting’ approach to health and safety adopted globally. the world’s largest LNG producer. Advanced intelligent heating. A recognised centre of excellence for marine and flight safety. software and training to international oil and gas operators and supply chain businesses. SafETy RaDIO REpEaTER ElIMInaTES COMMUnICaTIOnS BlaCK SpOTS portable aTEx radio repeater permits safe communications in explosive environments Fern Communications has designed and manufactured a two-way portable radio repeater that can eliminate radio black spots and enable data and audio transmissions in confined spaces or where structures block radio signals. such as on an offshore oil and gas installation. which was experiencing radio communications issues with its natural gas condensate tanker fleet. UK firms are acknowledged leaders in supplying safety products. the supply chain. nearly 7. oil and gas safety solutions. A UK-based firm is currently manufacturing a revolutionary well capping device designed to play a major role in oil spill response contingency plans. or on board an oil tanker or bulk gas or LNG (liquefied natural gas) transporter. To load the condensate.

The UK oil and gas value chain has developed huge capability throughout the first 40 years of North Sea production. Their expertise is continually refined through the ongoing dismantling of a vast network. Much of the oil and gas infrastructure created in the North Sea is destined to be decommissioned by 2040 at a cost of $49 billion. 90% of the 470 offshore installations in the north Sea will be completely removed from their marine sites and brought to shore for re-use. as well as the heaviest steel jacket footings and piles. The process is well underway. are likely to remain in place and will need navigation aids to alert shipping. whilst ensuring marine and other environmental demands are met. which can weigh up to 600. © Proserv Offshore DECOM nORTh SEa – WORKInG TOGEThER TO MaxIMISE UK ExpERTISE Spurred by the sheer scale of the decommissioning programme required to dismantle the vast majority of the 470 North Sea installations over the next two decades. Some concrete gravity base structures. applying expertise and experience to decommissioning projects in offshore zones across the world. bringing to shore and recycling or disposing of these offshore structures. . with up to 8% of the UK Continental Shelf’s infrastructure already decommissioned or redeployed. UK decommissioning supply chain companies are already operating internationally. costing an estimated $49 billion between now and 2040. as well as for higher pressures and temperatures. recycling or other disposal. The introduction of major and complex decommissioning programmes is just the latest phase of this evolution. Most production platforms are steel structures that must be dismantled in the harsh North Sea environment and brought back to shore for recycling. safety and environmental performance. The technical challenges are considerable. returning to shore and recycling structures the size of the Eiffel Tower. UK companies are meeting decommissioning challenges that include routinely dismantling. the UK’s oil and gas industry has come together to create Decom North Sea. facilitating collaborative activities and improving efficiency. continually adapting to maximise production and improve efficiency.000 tonnes. the industry is maximising the capabilities of the UK’s decommissioning supply chain through knowledge transfer.UK Energy 36 UK Energy 37 Decommissioning UK companies have created an exceptional decommissioning supply chain. It is adept at accessing smaller and more remote reservoirs. thousands of wells and tens of thousands of kilometres of pipelines. In doing so. providing innovative designs and technologies for deeper water. UK companies are at the forefront of the complex supply chain responsible for removal. recycling up to 470 North Sea installations.

the equipment was mobilised to a heavy lift vessel (HLV) so that cutting operations could commence. Decommissioning is the latest in a long line of pioneering technologies and industry strengths. co-ordination and management to ensure that it is decommissioned and de-constructed with the utmost attention to safety. Platforms in the southern North Sea tend to be for gas. is now bringing forward new decommissioning technologies and innovative techniques to be adopted on decommissioning projects around the world. Proserv Offshore also had to create dedicated cutting tools. downhole tooling and technologies. Ongoing cooperation takes place between oil and gas operating companies. the largest offshore platform in the region.735 tonne platform. service specialists. © Proserv Offshore .UK Energy 38 UK Energy 39 DEEp-WaTER DECOMMISSIOnInG Global cutting company creates bespoke tooling to bring down deep-water platform off Japan Subsea maintenance. UK companies are renowned for their expertise in conceptual and frontend engineering design. And the client demanded exacting parameters for every element of the project. engineering. UK companies have world-leading capabilities in all these areas. marine logistics experts and onshore disposal facilities. This is reflected in the breadth and diversity of the UK companies that form the decommissioning supply chain. production and through life support. full care for the environment. production optimisation. and smaller and lighter in weight due to relatively shallow water depths. The new tooling was designed and developed within 14 weeks by the firm’s in-house engineering and manufacturing teams. equipment providers. project management. UK companies have developed project management competencies. After the successful trials. It included a bespoke saddle pipe cutter. and will undoubtedly find wide-spread applications worldwide. cost containment and with no impact to the reputation of the many parties involved. The UK’s supply chain. Part of the extensive trial process completed during testing of the cutting tools was to perform a diamond wire cut on a full-scale mock-up of the platform leg under compressive loads of 560 metric tonnes. The technical challenges were considerable. Infrastructure in the central and northern North Sea tends to be significantly larger. because the eight-legged 20. such as fly-to-place capabilities for the ROVs that were used at depth to cut the legs. heavier and more complex. contracting organisations. All oil and gas infrastructure requires careful planning. asset integrity. already highly regarded globally for its expertise with exploration. a technically advanced launch runner cutting tool and a unique diamond wire cutting tool. UK oil and gas operating companies are co-operating on an unprecedented scale to provide efficient and effective approaches to these complex projects. technology developers. professional services firms. subsea technologies. abandonment and decommissioning firm Proserv Offshore was awarded the subsea cutting contract for the decommissioning of the Iwaki platform off the north-east coast of Japan. The project covered everything from developing new tooling to supervising the entire cutting operation using remotely operated vehicles (ROVs). Offshore decommissioning projects vary in their complexity and challenges. was situated in 154m metres of water. Decommissioning capabilities The strength of the UK’s offshore decommissioning supply chain. techniques and technologies that enable them to deal effectively with all the decommissioning challenges thrown up by these variables.

pRODUCInG InnOvaTIvE OIl anD GaS SOlUTIOnS The Industry Technology facilitator (ITf) achieves ground-breaking technology solutions The Industry Technology Facilitator (ITF) is an independent. play a huge international role in promoting excellence. UK companies are pioneering new technologies throughout the supply chain and covering every stage of the oil and gas cycle. NSRI provides a focus for research and development across industry and academia. is a particular strength of UK industry research. It also acts to ensure that a mechanism is in place to sustain the UK skills base at the forefront of the delivery of technology solutions. which are ranked joint 6th in the world’s university rankings. It identifies business driven technology needs within the sector and facilitates the development and implementation of novel technology solutions. Over 40 UK universities conduct earth. Learned societies and professional bodies. engineering. development. too. coordinating research. IT and many other disciplines. the private-public partnership Energy Technologies Institute will receive research funding of $2 billion over the next ten years. training and education The National Subsea Research Institute (NSRI) is an industry academic partnership that brings together many of the UK’s leading university earth science research departments with the research arms of UK-based energy corporations and supply chain companies. together with industry body Subsea UK. SubSea reSearch aNd SkillS developmeNT linking subsea academic and industrial research. helping to direct academic research towards industry priorities. particularly in Arctic environments. Currently. not-for-profit body owned by 25 of the major UK and global energy corporations and oil and gas service companies. safety. universities and research institutes conduct pure and applied research into a diversity of areas. automated multiple pig launchers and remote pipeline inspection technologies. Petroleum Exploration Society of Great Britain and the Institution of Civil Engineers are active around the world and have significant global memberships. and these are complemented by the ongoing work in over 50 university engineering research departments. encouraging knowledge transfer and sharing expertise. Projects are fully funded by the companies behind ITF and the objective is to develop and implement technology solutions that satisfy member companies’ needs and provide new solutions to real issues faced by the global oil and gas industry. There is also a focus on environmental technologies to optimise the carbon footprint of the hydrocarbon extraction and power generation sectors. economics. These include Cambridge and Oxford Universities. building on the UK’s unrivalled track record of oil and gas sector innovation. marine and environmental sciences teaching and research activities that are directly relevant to the oil and gas sector.UK Energy 40 UK Energy 41 Research and development Underpinning the UK’s world-class oil and gas expertise is an outstanding research base made up of leading international academic and corporate research institutes. To date. management. A key feature of the institute is its long-term perspective – it aims to identify technical barriers to future developments over a 10 to 25 year time horizon. UK companies. And a great deal of inter-disciplinary research is being undertaken. research to support the oil and gas supply chain is being conducted across various areas of science.5 million. . finance. production and transmission. The UK’s Industry Technology Facilitator (ITF) has been responsible for launching 167 revolutionary oil and gas technology solutions and securing industry funding of nearly $81. The scope of the UK’s oil and gas research base encompasses every facet of the industry and its supply chain. 167 technology innovations led by the ITF have become commercial solutions put into practice in the oil and gas sector. UK-based. reservoir simulation tools. Research into subsea technologies for deep-water exploration. The Geological Society of London. and it is that breadth and depth of research that provides the UK’s oil and gas sector with its world-class capability. To fast track the development of new energy technologies. These include reservoir isolation barriers. some of which have been facilitating earth sciences and oil and gas research for over two centuries. Each year the ITF maps its members’ future technology needs and identifies the key topics that will drive its research programmes.

training and workforce development. placing training and development firmly on the UK’s academic and corporate agendas. The demand for appropriately skilled or experienced staff in the oil and gas sector continues to outstrip supply. It works closely with employers. which comprises universities and professional bodies. law and finance. Many UK universities have overseas campuses and international partnerships. OPITO. business and finance areas typically required by prospective oil and gas professionals. engineering.UK Energy 42 UK Energy 43 Skills and education The UK is internationally recognised as a global centre of skills and education excellence in the oil and gas sector. Knowledge transfer can occur both when UK company personnel work on site and when the overseas partner company’s personnel spend time in the UK. The UK’s oil and gas production sector and its supply chain employs nearly half a million workers. as well as in relevant business. the UK Oil and Gas academy. . engineering. delivers world-leading standards. Most oil and gas sector and supply chain workers are highly educated and skilled. exporting its exceptional training services globally. They are typically trained in both their area of technical competence and in crucial offshore and onshore survival and safety skills. finance and management. UK skills and expertise are transferred to client and host country workforces when UK companies are engaged in international joint ventures (JV). trade and craft councils. offering undergraduate and postgraduate courses in the scientific. skills. particularly in science. ensuring that the UK not only has the skills needed today. And the depth and diversity of UK training and education provides UK-based companies with world-leading expertise and a highly skilled and uniquely flexible workforce. but also those likely to be required in the decades to come To maintain such a huge and skilled workforce requires a substantial learning and education infrastructure. This results in up-skilled workforces benefitting from UK oil and gas expertise. universities and commercial learning and training providers to ensure the oil and gas workforce is safe. UK universities enjoy a high percentage of overseas students. And UK professional bodies require chartered members to maintain their status through rigorous continued professional development (CPD). OpITO. It has an extensive overseas arm with satellite offices in the Middle East and Asia. which is industry owned and funded. plus commercial learning and training companies. The sector even has its own Oil and Gas Academy. skilled and effective. which has led to a vibrant UK and export market in professional training. The UK learning and training sector has historically been pioneering in the use and application of distance learning and this trend has continued with the provision of high quality online learning resources at all levels of qualification in the industry. the education sector. qualifications and workforce development frameworks used by employers in 30 countries. And continuing professional development is a priority. The uk’S iNduSTry owNed oil aNd GaS academy OPITO (formerly known as the Offshore Petroleum Industry Training Organisation) is an oil and gas industry owned organisation that acts as the sector s focal point for skills.

SuSTaiNabiliTy We have a keen eye to the future and are looking for sustainable energy solutions not just for the UK but also worldwide. Today the UK energy sector has an enviable reputation around the world founded on five key principles: iNNovaTioN One of our most important abilities is to look at challenges and problems afresh and take a different perspective. We also have a reputation for working hard to deliver to specification. The eighteenth and nineteenth centuries saw the birth of the industrial revolution powered by water and coal. We are known for being pioneers. adapTabiliTy We are not rigid in our thinking and are considered flexible and open to W For more information on UK Energy visit: W www. UKTI offers expertise and contacts through a network of international specialists throughout the not short-term gain. our focus is on long-term sustainable change.ukti. and in British Embassies and other diplomatic posts around the world. solutions that are truly W www. UKTI is the Government department that helps UK-based companies succeed in the global economy and assists overseas companies to bring their high-quality investment to the UK.ukenergyexcellence. Their exceptional skills and abilities are founded on a firm foundation of first class education and training. The breadth of our energy expertise means that we are trusted worldwide. The solutions we offer are . cross Government initiative to maximise global recognition of the UK’s excellence in energy. We are seen as a safe pair of hands.UK Energy 44 UK Energy 45 UK Trade & Investment (UKTI) UK Trade & Investment (UKTI) supports UK Energy Excellence. kNowledGe Perhaps our most valuable and unique resource is our workforce which underpins our excellence in energy. In the twentieth century we developed new technologies to access the oil and gas reserves of the harsh environment of the North Why UK Energy? The UK has always been a pioneer in the energy a cross industry. QualiTy We are respected and trusted throughout the world for our quality of work and the reliability this brings. www. Whether it is the more sensible use of existing energy sources or the development of new technologies. To contact the UKTI Energy Sector Specialists: T +44 (0)20 7215 8000 W www. Solutions right across the energy The twenty first century sees the UK as a world leader in wave and tidal power systems and other low carbon technologies as well as nuclear power generation.bis.

UK Tel +44 845 6259890 Fax +44 845 625 9891 Website Tel +44 1493 446535 Fax +44 1493 446536 Website UK Spill association Head Office: Unit 1 Riverside Business Park Buxton Bakewell Derbyshire DE45 .agcc. UK Tel +44 191 3846464 Fax +44 191 3846611 Email Oil and Gas UK Head Office: 3rd Floor The Exchange 2 62 Market Street Aberdeen AB11 Energy Industries Council (The EIC) Head Office: 89 Albert Embankment London SE1 UK Email UK Tel +44 20 7628 2555 Fax +44 20 7638 4376 Email pipeline Industies Guild Head Office: F150 First Floor Cherwell Business Village Southam Road Banbury OX16 British Chemical Engineering Contractors association Head Office: 1 Regent Street London SW1Y OpITO Minerva House Bruntland Road Portlethen Aberdeen AB12 Website Website www. UK Tel +44 1224 224129 Fax +44 1224 224301 Email Decom north Sea Head Office: Riverside House Riverside Drive Aberdeen AB11 7LH Scotland.sbgi. UK Tel +44 1926 513777 Fax +44 1926 511923 Email UK Tel +44 20 7091 8600 Fax +44 20 7091 8601 Email Website Website Website Website Website www. UK Tel +44 20 7235 7938 Fax +44 20 7235 0074 Email SBGI Head Office: Camden House Warwick Road Kenilworth Warwickshire CV8 Website www. UK Tel +44 1224 577250 Email info@oilandgasuk. UK Tel 0845 505 3535 Email Industry Technology facilitator (ITf) Head Office: The Enterprise Centre Aberdeen Science & Energy Park Exploration Drive Aberdeen AB23 Website www. UK Tel +44 1224 787800 Fax +44 1224 787830 Email reception@opito. UK Tel +44 20 7839 6514 Fax +44 20 7930 3466 Email nOf Energy Head Office: First Floor Thames House Mandale Business Park Belmont Industrial Estate Durham DH1 1TH. UK Tel +44 1224 222410 Website www.UK Energy 46 UK Energy 47 Contact addresses aberdeen & Grampian Chamber of Commerce Head Office: Greenhole Place Bridge of Don Aberdeen AB23 Society of Maritime Industries Head Office: 28-29 Threadneedle Street London EC2R Website www. UK Tel +44 1224 343900 Fax +44 1224 343943 Email Website East of England Energy Group (EEEGR) Head Office: Beacon Innovation Centre Beacon Park Gorleston Great Yarmouth Norfolk NR31 Subsea UK Head Office: The Innovation Centre Exploration Drive Bridge of Don Aberdeen AB23

Delivering energy excellence .

UK Trade & Investment is the government organisation that helps UK-based companies succeed in the global economy. UK Trade & Investment offers expertise and contacts through its extensive network of specialists in the UK. and cover everything from investment and grants through to specialist advice. omissions or misleading statements. and in British embassies and other diplomatic offices around the Published June 2011 by UK Trade & Investment © Crown Copyright URN 11/866 . collaborations and partnerships.A range of UK Government support is available from a portfolio of initiatives called Solutions for Business. Innovation and Skills. and the Foreign and Commonwealth Office) accept liability for any errors. Whereas every effort has been made to ensure that the information given in this document is or telephone +44 (0)20 7215 8000. We also help overseas companies bring their high-quality investment to the UK’s dynamic economy – acknowledged as Europe’s best place from which to succeed in global business. company or other organisation mentioned. For further information please visit www. The “solutions” are available to qualifying businesses.uktradeinvest. The inks are vegetable oil based and contain resins from plants/trees. We provide companies with the tools they require to be competitive on the world stage. firm. The paper in this document is made from 50 per cent recycled fibre and is sourced from sustainable and well-managed forests. neither UK Trade & Investment nor its parent Departments (the Department for Business. and no warranty is given or responsibility accepted as to the standing of any individual.

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