South Cotabato

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South Cotabato
— Province — Lalawigan ng Timog Cotabato


Map of the Philippines with South Cotabato highlighted

Coordinates: 125°ECoordinates: Country Region Founded Capital Government • Type

6°10′N 125°00′E / 6.167°N 6°10′N 125°00′E / 6.167°N 125°E Philippines

(Region XII)

June 18, 1966 Koronadal City Province of the Philippines

• Governor • Vice Governor Area • Total Area rank Population (2010) • Total • Rank • Density • Density rank Divisions • Independent cities • Component cities • Municipalities • Barangays • Districts Time zone

Arthur Y. Pingoy Jr. (LakasKampi-CMD) Elmo Tolosa (Lakas-Kampi-CMD) 3,936.0 km2 (1,519.7 sq mi) 34th out of 80 1,365,286 31st out of 80 350/km2 (900/sq mi) 17th out of 80 1 1 10 199
including independent cities: 225

1st and 2nd districts of South Cotabato (shared with General Santos

PHT (UTC+8) 9500, 9504, 9505, 9507, 9508, ZIP Code 9509, 9510, 9511, 9512, 9513 T'boli, English, Tagalog, Spoken languages Hiligaynon, Cebuano, Website South Cotabato Official Site South Cotabato (Filipino:Timog Kotabato) is a province of the Philippines located in the SOCCSKSARGEN region in Mindanao. Its capital is Koronadal City, and it borders Sultan Kudarat to the north and west, Sarangani to the south and east, and Davao del Sur to the east. To the southeast lies Sarangani Bay. General Santos City, on the shores of Sarangani Bay, is the largest and most important city in the region, and is a major seaport. The province of Sarangani used to be part of South Cotabato until it was made an independent province in 1992.

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1 History 2 People and culture o 2.1 Language o 2.2 People

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3 Education 4 Government 5 Geography o 5.1 Location o 5.2 Boundaries o 5.3 Topography o 5.4 Climate o 5.5 Strategic location o 5.6 Land area o 5.7 Provincial capital o 5.8 Territorial composition o 5.9 Political 6 Tourism 7 Musical heritage 8 Notable South Cotabateños 9 References 10 External links

Centuries ago, the area that would be the South Cotabato was sparsely inhabited by Malay Pioneers which later evolved into various ethnic groupings that still exist in the Province today. Settlers, who would lay the foundation of what would become a progressive province, started trooping down 1914. The significant thrust occurred during the term of President Quezon in late 1930s. Gen. Paulino Santos, a man whose undaunted pioneering spirit inspired thousand, led the first of wave of settlers that time. After World War II, the final exodus of settler from Luzon and Visayas poured into the virgin land of promise. In the early 1960s as population, trade and industries grew in southern part of Cotabato, a clamor of local self-governance arose. Thus, on July 18, 1966, South Cotabato was finally formed as an independent province raring to push its own development. In 1992, South Cotabato gave birth to a new province. Seven towns in southern and coastal section of the province now form part of the Province of Sarangani . This was a new challenge. In addition, South Cotabateños, with their indomitable pioneering spirit have proven once more their ability to face and hurdle diverse challenges ably went through with the demands of time. South Cotabato sparks new interest having emerged as a favorite venue for conventions and big events of national significance like the National Secondary School Press Conference, Palarong Pambansa and 9 th Mindanao Business Conference to name few.

The new millennium ushers in a new beginning for the province with the coming in of regional offices in the area in consonance with EO 429 dated October 12, 1990 issued by President Corazon C. Aquino and EO No. 36 dated September 19, 2001 issued by President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo, provide for the reorganization of the new Administrative Region in Mindanao and having the city of Koronadal as the regional center of Region XII. In four decades since its provincehood, South Cotabato has already surpassed dozens of provinces establish half a century ahead in almost every aspect of development. In a short span, it becomes one of the leading provinces in Mindanao . What it got to show today are vivid result of human synergy and the richness of its resources.

People and culture
The people of South Cotabato are multilingual, able to communicate in Hiligaynon and/or Cebuano, as well as in both Tagalog and English. Other languages spoken are Ilocano and Maguindanao. The indigenous tribes, in addition, use their own tribal dialects. A situation wherein several people, each speaking solely in his own dialect and are still able to communicate with the others, is not unheard of.

The people of South Cotabato have diverse heritages. Ilonggos from Panay and Negros in the Visayas settled the municipalities of Norala, Banga, Surallah, Sto. Niño and the province's capital, Koronadal, The province's major communication media is Filipino, English or Hiligaynon. On the other hand, people from the Ilocano speaking regions of Luzon settled in Tampakan, Tantangan and Tupi, and the Ilocano language may still be heard spoken in these towns. The Visayan language, Cebuano is also the main ethnic ethnolinguistic group of the municipality of Polomolok and is one of the main ethnolinguistic groups of Tupi (along with Ilonggo and Tagalog, which slightly differs from Manila Tagalog). Both towns are near to Cebuano-speaking General Santos City. The Maguindanao tribe is the major Muslim Filipino tribe in the province. Although many of them still wear their traditional costumes and practice their native customs, others have come to adapt the more liberal practices of their Christian neighbors such as wearing shorts and sleeveless shirts, eschewing the use of the headscarf, and attending dances/mixed gatherings. Other indigenous Filipino tribes are the T'boli and B'laan tribes in Lake Sebu and T'boli municipalities, famous for their brassworks, beadwork and t'nalak weave. The people of these tribes wear colorful embroidered native costumes and beadwork accessories. The women of these tribes, particularly, wear heavy brass belts with brass 'tassels' ending in tiny brass bells that herald their approach even when they are a long way off. The people of South Cotabato still retain many of the practices and traditions of their particular tribal heritages, although infused with a flavor that is distinctly Mindanaoan and

the product of cultural interaction between the immigrants and the indigenous peoples of the area. One vivid example of this is the predominant use of the native 'malong', the colorful, tubelike garment used as a skirt by the indigenous tribes, in place of a blanket or sleeping bag.

South Cotabato houses 4 universities and many college institutions (Koronadal City & General Santos City)
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Notre Dame of Marbel University Notre Dame of Dadiangas University Mindanao State University - General Santos City University of Philippines (Manila) - Koronadal Campus Regency Polytechnic College - Koronadal City Green Valley College - Koronadal City Holy Trinity College of General Santos City Goldenstate College - General Santos City Goldenstate College - Koronadal City St. Alexius College - Koronadal City Notre Dame-Siena School of Marbel Notre Dame of Marbel University-Integrated Basic Education Notre Dame-Siena College of General Santos City Notre Dame-Siena College of Polomolok Notre Dame of Dadiangas University-Integrated Basic Education STI - Koronadal City STI - General Santos City ACLC - Koronadal City ACLC - General Santos City

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1st District Representative: Mr. Pedro Acharon Jr. 2nd District Representative: Mrs. Daisy Avance Fuentes Governor: Mr. Arthur Y. Pingoy, M.D. Vice Governor: Mr. Elmo B. Tolosa, M.D.

Southern part of the Island of Mindanao


Bounded by the province of Sultan Kudarat in the north and West, province of Sarangani in the east and south.

The place is generally flat dotted with some hills and mountains.

South Cotabato belongs to the fourth type of climate, that is rainfall is more or less evenly distributed throughout the year. The average number of rainy days for the year 2004 is recorded between 122 to 180 days with the months of May, June, July, August and October having the most occurrence. Air humidity generally follows closely the rainfall pattern. Humidity is highest during the period of June to October with 88% being recorded at the Tupi seed farm. The months of February and April have the lowest air humidity recorded at about 72%. Maximum daytime temperature throughout the province is in the range of 36-38 degrees Celsius, falling to 23-32 degrees Celsius during the night depending on the elevation. The hottest period is January to April while July to December being the coolest.

Strategic location
The province is a key player in the merging of South Cotabato, Sarangani and General Santos City into one of the country's fastest growing development clusters known as SOCSARGEN. SOCSARGEN serves as a gateway for the Brunei-Indonesia-MalaysiaPhilippines East ASEAN Growth Area (BIMP-EAGA). With its location, it is easily accessible from neighboring ASEAN countries via SOCSARGEN's entryway, General Santos City, with its International Standard Airport that puts key cities in Asia just three to four hours flying time away. There's a Fish Port Complex that serves the region's thriving fishing industry. The Makar Wharf is a major port-of-call in international shipping, and one of the most important ports in Mindanao . All have paved the way to make the constantly evolving SOCSARGEN the venue for a synergetic relationship. SOCSARGEN's gateway, General Santos City, is merely five minutes away from one of South Cotabato 's municipalities, Polomolok.

Land area
South Cotabato has a total Land area of 370,589 Hectares (3,706 km2).

Provincial capital
The Local Provincial Government holds its official functions in the City of Koronadal. The Provincial Capitol, Provincial Hospital, and all related offices are found in the city.

Territorial composition
2 Districts District I
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Tampakan Tupi Polomolok with General Santos City

District II
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Banga Koronadal City Lake Sebu Norala Sto.Niño Surallah T'boli Tantangan

Political Subdivisions Upon its creation as a regular province, South Cotabato consisted of 11 municipalities, namely: Banga, General Santos (now a city), Glan, Kiamba, Koronadal, Maitum, Norala, Polomolok, Surallah, Tantangan and Tupi. These municipalities were established long before the creation of the province. Other component municipalities were constituted after it fully functioned as a province. A total of 18 municipalities have contributed much to the development of South Cotabato being one of the fast growing provinces in the country. The birth of Sarangani Province, conceived from the municipalities of Malungon, Alabel, Malapatan, Glan, Maasim, Kiamba and Maitum has brought changes in the geography and political subdivisions of the province. That event left South Cotabato with 11 remaining municipalities. Further, on August 16, 2000, Republic Act No. 8803 was approved. This marks another milestone in the history of South Cotabato . This is an act that converts the municipality of Koronadal into a component city of South Cotabato . Thus, at present the province is left with ten (10) progressing municipalities and the City of Koronadal remains as its Provincial Capital. Moreover, South Cotabato has a total of 199 barangays and two (2) more are being proposed and still waiting for the approval of the Commission on Elections (COMELEC). These proposed barangays are both under the municipality of T'boli .

The table below shows the total number of barangays in the different municipalities, including their respective land area. The distance of each municipality from the provincial capital, Koronadal is likewise shown on the succeeding table as well as the date of creation of each municipalities comprising the province of South Cotabato . As the provincial capital and the center of development, Koronadal is situated at a distance of 58 kilometers from the city of General Santos . Banga poblacion which is 13 kilometers away from Koronadal City is the nearest among the 10 municipalities. The second and third nearest municipalities are Tampakan and Tantangan lying 14 and 18 kilometers away from the radius of the provincial center. The farthest municipality is Lake Sebu which is 47 kilometers away.

South Cotabato is subdivided into 10 municipalities, 1 Highly-Urbanized City and 1 Component City. Pop. No. of Populatio City/Municipalit Area density Distric Barangay n y (km²) (per t s (2010) km²) Polomolok Tupi Koronadal General Santos Banga Lake Sebu Norala Santo Niño Surallah 23 15 27 26 22 19 14 10 17 339.9 138,273 406.72 7 228.0 61,843 271.24 1st 1st 2nd 1st 2nd 2nd 2nd 2nd 2nd Class Income Classificatio n

277.0 158,273 571.38 536 240.3 5 891.3 8 194.4 0 109.4 241.0 0 538,086 76,170 68,148 44,635 39,738 76,035 1003.8 9 317.63 85.45 229.60 363.24 315.50

1st Class Municipalit Urban y st 1 Class Municipalit Sub-Urban y 1st Class Urban City 1st Class Highly City Urbanized 1st Class Municipalit Rural y nd 2 Class Municipalit Sub-Urban y 3rd Class Municipalit Rural y 3rd Class Municipalit Rural y 1st Class Sub-Urban Municipalit

T'Boli Tampakan Tantangan

25 14 13

809.0 0 242.5 0 126.0 0

79,175 36,254 40,461

97.90 149.50 321.12

2nd 1st 2nd

y 1st Class Municipalit Sub-Urban y nd 2 Class Municipalit Rural y 3rd Class Municipalit Rural y

Tourist attractions in South Cotabato include Lake Sebu, Mt. Matutum, and Koronadal Valley and the beautiful surroundings of pao-pao.

Musical heritage
Main articles: Music of the Philippines and Kulintang The native Maguindanaon of South Cotabato have a fascinating culture that revolves around kulintang music, a specific type of gong music, found among both Muslim and nonMuslim groups of the Southern Philippines.

Notable South Cotabateños

Cesar "Saro" Bañares Jr. is a Filipino folk music icon who founded the Pinoy folk rock band, Asin (band) who originally hailed from Koronadal City. His band came into prominence from the late 1970s to the 1980s. The band's songs were seen against the backdrop of martial law during the time of President Ferdinand Marcos. Some of their hits include "Masdan mo ang Kapaligiran"(1978), "Himig ng Pagibig"(1979), "Balita", "Cotabato",“Itanong Mo Sa Mga Bata” among others. Romeo Maganto - is an alumnus of General Paulino Santos Memorial Institute (GPSMI) Class of 1965, he is the first Tupinian (people from Tupi, South Cotabato) to be a general in the Philippine National Police. He was a former Chief of Manila Western Police District. He has several shows namely, "Tapondo" and "Tapondo at Tigasin" with singer Claire dela Fuente. He had a film bio entitled, "Leon ng Maynila" (2000) with the then Lt. Col. Maganto played by Ramon "Bong" Revilla, Jr.. Kenneth Duremdes - a retired Filipino professional basketball player in the Philippine Basketball Association. He was known as "Captain Marbel" and was a member of the national team a couple of times. He was born in Koronadal City, commmonly referred by locals as, "Marbel".

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JR Lopez Gonzales - is a political blogger[1] and debater from the Tupi National High School (TNHS) Class of 2009. In 2011, he appeared in the televised ABSCBN News Channel’s Square-Off: The CVC Law Debates where he represented the Mindanao State University System in Manila. Janice Tamayo - a Tupinian topnotcher who placed 1st in the Agricultural Engineering board examinations in 2004. Eduardo Buenavista - is a Filipino long-distance runner and two-time Olympian. He is from Banga, South Cotabato. Jessie Fernandez Albaracin - is the 2010 World Boxing Organization (WBO) Oriental Regional Champion in the super bantamweight division[2]. He is from Barangay Polonuling, Tupi, South Cotabato. Philip Cesar Nadela - known by his screen name, "Philip Nolasco", is a singer who joined ABS-CBN's Pinoy Dream Academy: Little Grand Star Dreamer. He is from Banga, South Cotabato. Ryan Balili - an alumnus and resident Physics professor at Mindanao State University - Iligan Institute of Technology who won the prestigious Gallieno Denardo International Award for his work on semiconductor optics (an awardgiving body based in Italy) in 2011[3]. Dr. Balili originally hails from Polomolok, South Cotabato. Jeryl Bayona - is a South Cotabateño scholar admitted to the prestigious Oxford University in 2011[4]. Bayona is a native of Banga, South Cotabato. Jason Sabio - is a Filipino international soccer player who plays for Kaya as a center back or a right back. He is part of the Philippine national football team, The Philippine Azkals. His mother is originally from Koronadal City, South Cotabato[5]. Jglia Dajay - is a YouTube singing sensation who was featured on ABS-CBN's Kris TV on its May 22, 2012 episode where she had a duet with Filipino singer, Erik Santos. Annie Albania - is a Filipina amateur boxer from Banga, South Cotabato, who bagged the silver medal in the 2010 Asian Games in Guangzhou, China. Fighting in the 51 kilogram category, Albania narrowly lost to hometown pug Ren Cancan, 57. Albania won the gold medal in the 2009 and 2007 Southeast Asian Games, as well as in the 2009 Asian Indoor Games.

1. ^ PoliTikalon: The Official Weblog of JR Lopez Gonzales, [1] 2. ^ Municipality of Tupi's Official Website, Tupinian - new WBO oriental super bantamweight champion 3. ^ - DOST scholar wins int'l physics award 4. ^ - Janitor inspires fellow Pinoy Oxford scholars 5. ^ - Philippine Azkals to visit South Cotabato

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