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The Changing Year

1. Seasonal weather differences between hemispheres are further caused by the_______of Earth.
Earth reaches perihelion (the point in its orbit closest to the Sun) in January, and it reaches
aphelion (farthest point from the Sun) in July.
a. elliptical orbit
b. solar eclipse
c. moon eclipse
d. tides
2.The South Pole is in the middle of the continent of __________ and therefore a considerable
distance from the moderating influence of the southern oceans.
a. Antarctica
b. Artic
c. Asia
d. Europe
3. The North Pole is in the____________, and thus its temperature extremes are buffered by the
a. Arctic Ocean
b. Pacific
c. Antarctic
d. Indian
4. The periods of "midnight sun" (or _________________ for the other side of the globe) are
progressively longer.
a. "midday park"
b. "midday spark"
c. "midday dark"
d. "midnight hot"
5. How many of the imaginary lines that are circled the Earth perpendicular to its axis?
a. two
b. three
c. four
d. five
6. The World Health Organisation _______________ that depression and depression-related
illness will become the greatest source of ill-health by 2020.
a. estimates
b. estimated
c. estimate
d. estimatize
7. Yet it is known that physically active people have a lower risk of dying from _____?
a. coronary heart disease
b. type II diabetes
c. hypertension
d. all of them
8. Bill Bryson is an______________ journalist and writer.
a. American
b. Cuban
c. German
d. British
9. Agriculture recycles 100% of all animal manures that it _________.
a. produced
b. producing
c. produces
d. products
10. Drive carefully on narrow country roads, always.
a. not wide
b. wide
c. shallow
d. deep
11. Halfway between the North Pole and the South Pole is an imaginary line, the __________.
The equator goes around the middle of Earth like a belt. It divides our planet into the Northern
Hemisphere and the Southern Hemisphere.
a. latitude
b. longitude
c. meridians
d. equator
12. Another set of imaginary lines helps us measure distance east and west. These are lines of
longitude. Each line of longitude runs from the North Pole to the South Pole. These lines are also
called _____________.
a. latitude
b. longitude
c. meridians
d. equator
13. Parallels measure distance north or south of the equator. This distance is measured in ______.
a. decree
b. degrees
c. decade
d. detour
14. What do we call the study of weather?
a. biology
b. sociology
c. meteorology
d. mature
15. The many data sources used include ships, aircraft, oil rigs, buoys and balloons, as well as
manned land stations around the world. What can we find in the sea?
a. ships
b. oil rigs
c. bouys
d. All correct
16. What is weather ?
a. conditions in the atmosphere at any time or short period of time.
b. conditions in the atmosphere in a week.
c. conditions in the atmosphere in a month.
d. conditions in the atmosphere during a year.
17.What is climate ?
a. Surface and atmospheric conditions over a longer time period or over a large geographical
b. Surface and atmospheric conditions over a short time period in a day
a. Surface and atmospheric conditions over a geographical area in a week
a. Surface and atmospheric conditions over a year time period
18. The ____________ are fed into the computer and used to analyse the weather patterns at a
particular time.
a. reality
b. duration
c. observations
d. telecommunications
19. The many data _____________ used include ships, aircraft, oil rigs, buoys and balloons, as
well as manned land stations around the world.
a. sources
b. sauces
c. saucers
d. information
20. Polar-orbiting satellites pass around the earth from pole to pole at a height of about 870 km.
How long does it take for the satellite to complete its orbit, by which time the earth has
rotated by about 25 degrees.
a. It takes approximately 2 hour 42 minutes
b. It takes approximately 1 hour 42 minutes
c. It takes approximately 3 hour 49 minutes
d. It takes approximately 2 hour 22 minutes
21. What is the information, skills, and understanding that you have gained through learning or
experience ?
a. study
b. learning
c. subject
d. knowledge
22. What do we call how to make a statement saying what is likely to happen in the future, based
on the information that you have now or predict ?
a. broadcast
b. foreplay
c. forecast
d. forehead
23. An instrument that measures changes in the air pressure and the weather, or that calculates
height above sea level.
a. barometers
b. thermometers
c. gauges
d. vessels
24. In or under the sea and not far from the coast.
a. seashore
b. onshore
c. offshore
d. coastshore
25.How many seasons are there in United Kingdom?
a. one
b. two
c. three
d. four
26.What are their correct names ?
a. winter spring autumn summer
b. fall sunny rainy summer
c. autumn spring fall winter
d. summer spring fall autumn
27. In which area a three-way division into hot , rainy and cool season is used.
a. Tropical
b. Northern hemisphere
c. Southern hemisphere
d. Temperate and Polar
28. The cycle of seasons in the polar and temperate zones of one hemisphere is opposite to that in
the other so when it is summer in the Northern hemisphere, it is __________ in the
Southern hemisphere, and vice versa.
a. winter.
b. fall
c. autumn
d. spring
29. The seasons result from the Earth's axis being tilted to its orbital plane; it deviates by an angle
of approximately _______. Thus, at any given time during summer or winter, one part of the
planet is more directly exposed to the rays of the Sun .
a. 23.5 degrees
b. 33.5 degrees
c. 32.5 degrees
d. 3.5 degrees
30. He established an antilittering campaign across the country.
a. a small insect that lives in large groups
b. supporting or approving of something
c. opposed to
d. before someone or something