SAP User Exits and Enhancements.

User Exit and Enhancement explained in detail .
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User Exit Example Code MM Purchasing Exits

USEREXIT Userxits allow us to add our own functionality to SAP standard program without modifying it . These are implemented in the form of subroutines and hence are also known as FORM EXITs. The userexits are generally collected in includes and attached to the standard program by the SAP. All Userexits start with the word USEREXIT_... FORM USEREXIT_.. z.. ENDFORM. The problem lies in finding the correct userexit and how to find it if one exists for the purpose. Once the correct userexit is found the necessary customer code is inserted in the customer include starting with the z.. in the form routine. e.g. USEREXIT_SAVE_DOCUMENT_PREPARE

Certain application like SD still provide this form of enhancement using userexit but this practice is no longer being followed for newer extensions instead they are using EXITs which come bundeled in enhancement packages . Neverthiless existing USEREXITS will be supported by SAP an all the newer versions of SAP. HOW TO FIND USEREXITS Userexits can be found in number of ways: 1) To find userexits in SD module , goto object navigator(SE80) and select development class from the list and enter VMOD in it. All of the userexits in SD are contained in the development class VMOD. Press enter and you will find all the includes which contain userexits in SD for different functions like PRICING, ORDER PROCESSING etc. Select the userexit according to the requirement and read the comment inserted in it and start coding . Some examples of userexits in SD(SALES & DISTRIBUTION ) are: 1)ADDING OF NEW FIELDS IN PRICING In Pricing in SD the fields on the basis of which pricing is done are derived from the FIELD CATALOG which is a structure KOMG .This structure is used to transfer transaction data to the pricing procedure in SD and is also known as communication structure.This structure KOMG consists of two tables KOMK for Header related fields and KOMP for item related fields.

Hence SAP provides 2 userexits . i. In the case of userexit which will be called when invoicing is done .this can be found in the SAP reference IMG generally in the subfolder under SYSTEM is necessary to create a new field in either of the two tables KOMK or KOMP .these are provided in the include RY60AFZZ which is in the standard SAP program SAPMV45A. Some other examples of userexits in SD are: USEREXIT_NUMBER_RANGE This userexit is used to assign a different internal document number to the sales order(VA01) when it is created depending on some criteria like a different SALES ORGANIZAION(VKORG) .g.SAP Books For consultants Free Website Submission and ROR Sitemap generator Free Domain Search Free HoroScope The fields which are not in either of the two tables KOMK and KOMP cannot be used in pricing . Before the coding for these userexits is done .Sometimes a need arises when the pricing is to be based on some other criteria which is not present in the form of fields in either of the two tables. . This problem can be solved by using USEREXITS which are provided for pricing in SD.For this purpose includes are provided in each of them .These userexits are found in include MV45AFZZ of the standard SAP sales order creation program SAPMV45A. 3)The other method of finding userexits is to find the include in case of SD/MM applications where the userexits are located . Pricing takes place both when the SALES ORDER ( Transaction VA01) is created as well as when INVOICING ( Transaction VF01) is done. Frieght to be based upon transportation zone . The name of the userexits are same. One possible example for the need of creating new fields can be e. 2)The other method of finding userexit is to find the word USEREXIT in the associated program of the transaction for which we want to determine userexit using for sales order processing which is USEREXIT_PRICING_PREPARE_TKOMP or USEREXIT_PRICING_PREPARE_TKOMK Depending upon which table (KOMK or KOMP) the new fields were inserted we use either of the above two userexits.e USEREXIT_PRICING_PREPARE_TKOMP or USEREXIT_PRICING_PREPARE_TKOMK These userexits are used for passing the data from the communication structure to the pricing procedure. for this we have to fill the newely created field in the communication structure KOMG for this we fill the code in the above userexit using the MOVE statement after the data that has to be passed is taken from the database table by using the SELECT statement. The actual structure which is visible in these userexits and which is to be filled for that particular field is TKOMP or TKOMK.for this no field is available in field catalog and hence it can be created in KOMK and then above userexits can be used to fill the transportation data to it. To create the field in header data(KOMK) the include provided is KOMKAZ and to create the field in item data(KOMP) the include provided is KOMPAZ.

g. TYPES OF EXITS 1)MENU EXITS 2)FUNCTION EXITS 3)TABLE EXITS 4)SCREEN EXITS 5)KEYWORD EXITS 6)FIELD EXITS We use SAP transactions CMOD and SMOD to manage exits. These are different from USEREXIT in the way that they are implemented in the form of FUNCTIONs while in USEREXITS we use form routines for their implementation. V45A0002 and selecting the component (one which fulfills our need) i. These are also sometimes known as function exits .USEREXIT_SAVE_DOCUMENT_PREPARE This userexit is used to insert the ABAP code which will be called when the document (sales order VA01) is just about to be saved. The function exits are called from the standard SAP program in the form of ABAP statement CALL CUSTOMER-FUNCTION 'NNN' This is in contrast to USEREXITs where PERFORM statement is used to call the required userexit. e.g. An exit can be coded only once. EXIT_SAPMV45A_002 This exit is found in SD in enhancement V45A0002. Exits & Enhancements There are mainly six types of EXITs in sap which have been collected in the form of enhancement packages and attached to standard code in SAP.g.e the exit which will be implemented in SMOD and after coding has been done the project has to be activated. to display some information before the order will be saved or for making changes to certain fields before the sales order will be saved. Before implementing an exit . These start from the word EXIT_ followed by the program name and then followed by a three digit number. FUNCTION EXITS These are used to add functionality through ABAP code . These start from the word EXIT_programname_NNN ending in a 3 digit number. it is required to create the project by using CMOD selecting the enhancement e. To implement the FUNCTION EXITs first of all the project is created and a suitable enhancement package is selected and from its compnents the function exit to be implemented is selected and on double clicking it the exit code will appear in ABAP EDITOR(se38) where a Z include will be found and the customer code should be entered in this include. No access code is required to implement any tupe of exit including function exits. . e.This userexit is used generally for custom checks on different fields .

Activate the include and Activate the project. Now when ever the SALES ORDER will be created .In this include we can write our own code that will fill the field E_KUNNR.This function exit is located in enhancement no V45A0002 yes and the include will be created . E_KUNNR = 301.created. FIELD EXITS The field exits are managed. This include will be used to write our custom code . We can write our own code to change the output parameter depending upon our Applies to: SAP ABAP. This exit is used for our purpose. for more information.activated through program RSMODPRF. This function exit has one exporting parameters and two importing parameters. we are interested in exporting parameter which is E_KUNNR of type KNA1-KUNNR i. The format of field exit is : FIELD_EXIT_dataelement_A-Z or 0-9 If a particular screen and program name is not specified than the field exit will effect all the screens containing that data element. . Before we can choose the exit we have to create a project in CMOD after that enter V45A0002 in the enhancement field and click on the components .sap. my SAP ECC 6. sold-to-party field will come up with a predefined customer .sdn.ADDING A DEFAULT SOLD-TO-PARTY in Sales Order Creation To show a default sold-to-party in this field when the user creates a sales order (VA01) we can use a function exit . e.g.e if we move the desired customer name to this structure(E_KUNNR) it will be shown in the field as the default value when we create the sales order. In the components you will see the exit EXIT_SAPMV45A_002 . The field exit is associated with a data element existing in ABAP dictionary and hence to the screen field using that data element. Input parameter contains the data passed to the field exit when the field exit was invoked by the R/3 . The function module associated with field exit shows two parameters INPUT and OUTPUT. Double clicking on this exit will takes us to function builder (SE37) . This function also contains a customer include ZXVVA04 . Double clicking on this include and it will prompt us that this include does not exists do you want to create this object . visit the ABAP homepage. Before the field exit can have any effect the system profile parameter ABAP/FIELDEXIT in all the application servers should be set to YES ABAP/FIELDEXIT = YES Link to Content's target Space : http://wiki.

...................... 5) Function Module exits..... Types of Customer Exits...Summary The enhancement concept allows you to add your own functionality to SAP's standard business applications without having to modify the original applications.................................... User Exit with example............................................................................................................................... Table of Contents 1) 2) 3) 4) Overview of this document........... we can use enhancement framework................................................... .................. 6) Screen Exist................ To modify the standard SAP behavior as per customer requirements.... This document explains about User exits and Customer Exits........... Overview of this document The enhancement concept allows you to add your own functionality to SAP's standard business applications without having to modify the original applications............................. His expertise includes SAP ABAP.................................... 9) CMOD and SMOD transactions.... 8) Methods to find out customer Exits................ To modify the standard SAP behavior as per customer requirements.............................................................. we can use enhancement framework........ 7) Menu Exits................................................................. Author(s): Tutun Nandy Company: Infosys Technology Ltd Created on: 20 May 2010 Author(s) Bio Tutun Nandy is working with Infosys Technology Ltd since 2008............... Customer Exit.................

. TKOMK for header fields and TKOMG for item fields. Most of the time documentation is maintained for each subroutine which helps developer for better understanding of the subroutine. User-exits are empty subroutines that SAP Developers have provided for you. Billing. The user exits are generally collected in includes and attached to the standard program by the SAP. Technically this is a modification. FORM USEREXIT_XXXX.. ex: User exits. Select the subroutine according to the requirement and start coding within the subroutine. You can fill them with your own source code.. INCLUDE ZZUSEREXIT.. ENDFORM. BADI etc. You will find all the includes for user exits in SD. . Delivery. User exits are a type of system enhancement that was originally developed for the R/3 SD (Sales and distribution) module. User exits These are implemented in the form of subroutines and hence are also known as FORM EXITs. All User exits start with the word USEREXIT_.. we have subroutine USEREXIT_PRICING_PREPARE_TKOMK USEREXIT_PRICING_PREPARE_TKOMP This user exit can be used to move additional fields into the communication table which is used for pricing. customer exits. The fields which are not in either of the two tables KOMK and KOMP cannot be used in pricing.... You will get User exits for Sales order. This document explains about User exits and Customer Exits. Pricing etc...There are different ways to implement custom functionality in the SAP standard code. User exits can be found in the following ways: Go to Object Navigator (SE80).. zvendpgm (Vendor Program). kvgr5(Airport Code) fields value moving from VBAP to KOMP table. select Package and put VMOD (Application development R/3 SD customer modification) and press enter. Examples: In User exits MV45AFZZ(Sales Order Exit). zpricegrp (Price Group).

FICO etc. Types of Customer Exits 1.They do not affect standard SAP source code . The exit is implemented as a call to a function module. Technically this is an enhancement. PP. User exits generally refer to SD module while customer exits refer to all modules like MM. before a document is saved.In User exits MV50AFZ1(Delivery Exit). Advantage: . The code for the function module is written by the developer. screens. Menu exits 1. Function Module exits 2. These exits do not contain any functionality. SD. Instead. You can hang your own add-on functionality onto these hooks. you have subroutine USEREXIT_SAVE_DOCUMENT_PREPARE This user exit can be used for changes or checks.Customer exits are not available for all programs and screens found in the SAP System. You can only use customer exits if they already exist in the SAP System. You can fill them with your own source code. Function Module exits Function module exits are exits developed by SAP. Screen exits 3. and menus within standard applications. but in the include that is implemented in the function module. Customer exits are nothing but a include in customer name space will be provided in the function module which starts with CALL CUSTOMER. . - Customer exits SAP creates customer exits for specific programs. the customer exits act as hooks.They do not affect software updates Disadvantage: . You are not writing the code directly in the function module.

We are writing our code in the Include ZXF05U01. Below Function Module Exits: EXIT_SAPMF02K_001. . Only permissible country code is 'US'.Format: CALL CUSTOMER-FUNCTION '910' The naming standard of function modules for function module exits is: EXIT_<program name>_<3 digit suffix> Examples: Before User exits using: No error comes for any Country code. After User exits using: Error comes for any Country code like 'IN'.

Then system-> status . Ex: VA01. Format: CALL CUSTOMER-SUBSCREEN CUSTSCR1 3.2. Screen Exits: Allow customer to add fields to a screen via a sub screen in an SAP program. Go to Transaction. The sub screen is called within the standard screen's flow logic. Method # 1: Call customer If you are searching customer exits based on particular transaction. Menu exits: Menu exits allow you to add your own functionality to menus. The developer can add his/her own text and logic for the menu. Function codes for menu exits all start with "+". Format: +CUS (additional item in GUI status) Methods to find out customer Exits: There are numbers of way by using we can find out Customer Exits. Menu exits are implemented by SAP and are reserved menu entries in the GUI interface.

Double click on Program(screen). . Find(Cntrl+F) Then use Call customer and select in main program radio button tab and press Enter.

Then Utilities-> Find .We can find out all the possible Customer exits based on this transaction. Method # 2: SMOD Go to Transaction SMOD (SAP Enhancement).

. We can find out all the possible Enhancement (Customer exits) based on this package.Give Package name and Execute (F8). For Purchase Order package is ME.

. Select Enhancements -> Customer Exits -> Enhancements Give Package and Execute. Method # 4: SE81 Go to Transaction SE81. We can find out all the possible Enhancement (Customer exits) based on this Package.Method # 3: SE84 Go to Transaction SE84.

Click on Module name (ex: SD). Then from top menu select Edit -> Select sub tree +/-. A new Screen will appear. Then select Enhancements -> Customer Exits ->Enhancements. . it looks like SE84. Select Information System.

Then go to the transaction. . We can find out all the possible Enhancement (Customer exits) based on this Transaction . Come back to ST05.This is not good technique to find out customer exits because all the possible exits may not be find out using this technique. Deactivate Trace & display Trace. Method # 5: ST05 Go to Transaction ST05. based on which you want to see the customer exits.Double click on Enhancements and Execute. Select Table Buffer Trace & Activate Trace. We can find out all the possible Enhancement (Customer exits) based on this Module. Then go to FIND & write text EXIT_ & press ENTER.

which holds several Enhancements. It is a container which holds many related objects within it. If we identify the User Exits and write down the code only within it. Project Creation (CMOD): This Transaction is used to create a project.SAP Enhancements (SMOD): This transaction is used to see the list of objects in an enhancement. Project is also a container. That is why we require adding the enhancement into a project & making it active. you will get below screen. From the above screen shot we can say that the Function Exit is already implemented (Green light) but in Inactive stage (Red light). If you Double click on TEST button. CMOD Transaction is used to create a project. . then the functionality will not be worked.

because Enhancement V45A0002 is already exist in other project. You can add multiple Enhancements in one project. Then error message will be generated. .Select Enhancement assignments and you add your Enhancement in this project. Error message generate. But you can't add one enhancement in multiple projects.

Code Data (payment method. Sales and Distribution: Table Customers KNA1 KNB1 reconciliation acct) KNB4 KNB5 KNBK KNKA KNKK limits) KNVV KNVI Description General Data Customer Master – Co. order probability) Customer Master Tax Indicator . if we click on Components.From screen short no: 2 of CMOD description. Master Credit Control Area Data (credit Sales Area Data (terms. Both green light shows that the exit is already implemented & is Active stage. Customer Customer Customer Customer Customer Payment History Master – Dunning info Master Bank Data Master Credit Mgmt. we will get the list of Customer exits belongs to these enhancements.

Header Data Sales Document .Item Data Partners Document Flow Sales Document Schedule Line Sales Requirements: Individual Records Delivery Document item data.Business Data Item Status Sales Document . includes referencing PO Delivery Document Header data Billing Document Header Billing Document Item SD Delivery DocumeLIPS LIKP Billing Document VBRK VBRP .KNVP KNVD KNVS KLPA Sales Documents VBAKUK VBUK VBAK VBKD VBUP VBAP VBPA VBFA VBEP VBBE Partner Function key Output type Customer Master Ship Data Customer/Vendor Link VBAK + VBUK Header Status and Administrative Data Sales Document .

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