You are on page 1of 65

Extraordinary

AND FAITH PEACE AND PROG


UNITY RE S S

Federal Republic of Nigeria


Official Gazette
No. 58 Lagos - 6th June, 2007 Vol. 94

Government Notice No. 37

The following is published as Supplement to this Gazette:

S.I. No. Short Title Page

28 Value Added Tax 1993 Rate of Tax Chargeable Order, 2007 … … .... .... .... .... .... .... B 217

Printed and Published by The Federal Government Printer, Lagos, Nigeria


FGP 96/62007/1,000 (OL 61)

Annual Subscription from 1st January, 2007 is Local : N 15,000.00 Overseas: N21,500.00 [Surface Mail]
N24,500.00 [Second Class Air Mail]. Present issue N350.00 per copy. Subscribers who wish to obtain Gazette after
1st January should apply to the Federal Government Printer, Lagos for amended Subscriptions.
S. I. 28 of 2007 B 217

VALUE ADDED TAX ACT 1993


RATE OF TAX CHARGEABLE ORDER
[23rd May, 2007]
In exercise of the powers conferred upon me by section 38 of the Value Added Tax
Commence-
Act 1993 and all other powers enabling me in that behalf, I, MRS NENADI E.USMAN, ment
Honourable Minister of Finance hereby make the following order:
1. The value added tax Act (herein referred as the principal Act) is hereby amended as Amendment
follows: of Value
Added Tax
Act.

(a) in section 4 of the Principal Act the figure 5 per cent is deleted and substituted with Amendment
10 percent. of section 4.
Amendment
(b) in part I of the first schedule by inserting the following words in item 6 after the of first
words “all exported” “excluding non-oil exports which enjoy zero rated status”. schedule.
(c) in part II of the first schedule by inserting in item 4 the following words “excluding non-
oil exports which enjoys zero rated status” immediately after the words “all export services”.

2. As from the commencement of this Order: Payment of


(a) all value added Tax and other Tax collecting agents shall pay remittances direct into Direct
Remittance
designated Federal Inland Revenue Service Accounts. and Tax
(b) all current existing bank account holders shall have a unique tax-payer identification Payer
Identification
number to be provided by the Federal Inland Revenue Service. No.

3. This Order may be cited as the Rate of Tax Chargeable Order 2007. Citation

MADE at Abuja this 25th day of May, 2007.

MRS NENADI E. USMAN


Honourable Minister of Finance

EXPLANATORY NOTE

This Order is aimed at increasing the Value Added Tax Act from 5 per cent to 10
percent due to:
(a) the VAT rate of 5 per cent is the lowest in Africa.
(b) Nigeria being member of ECOWAS is obliged to review its current rate in line
with the policy directives of the Commission on harmonisation of VAT and Excise
Duties within ECOWAS.
Extraordinary

AND FAITH PEACE AND PROG


UNITY RE S S

Federal Republic of Nigeria


Official Gazette
No. 61 Lagos - 12th June, 2007 Vol. 94

Government Notice No. 40

The following is published as Supplement to this Gazette:

Act No. Short Title Page

10. National Automotive Council (Amendment) Act, 2007 … ... .... .... .... .... .... .... A 139 - 142

Printed and Published by The Federal Government Printer, Lagos, Nigeria


FGP 103/72007/1,000 (OL 67)

Annual Subscription from 1st January, 2007 is Local : N 15,000.00 Overseas: N21,500.00 [Surface Mail]
N24,500.00 [Second Class Air Mail]. Present issue N350.00 per copy. Subscribers who wish to obtain Gazette after
1st January should apply to the Federal Government Printer, Lagos for amended Subscriptions.
A 139

NATIONAL AUTOMOTIVE COUNCIL (AMENDMENT) ACT, 2007

AND FAITH PEACE AND PROG


UNITY RE S S

ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS

SECTION:

1. Amendment of No 84 of 1993
2. Amendment of Section 9.
3. Citation.
A 141

NATIONAL AUTOMOTIVE COUNCIL (AMENDMENT) ACT, 2007

2007 ACT No. 10

AN ACT TO AMEND THE NATIONAL AUTOMOTIVE COUNCIL ACT No. 84


OF 1993 ; AND FOR RELATED MATTERS.

[16th Day of April, 2007] Commence


ment.

ENACTED by the National Assembly of the Federal Republic of Nigeria


1. The National Automotive Council Act (in this Act referred to. as “the Principal Amendment of
Act”) is amended as set out in this Act. No. 84 of 1993

2. Section 9 of the Principal Act is amended in subsection (1) by deleting Amendment


paragraph (a)there of and consequently renumbering the remaining Paragraphs (b) to of Section 9.
(f) as paragraphs (a) to (e) respectively.
3. This Act may be cited as the National Automotive Council (Amendment) Act; Citation.
2007

I certify, in accordance with Section 2 (1) of the Acts Authentication Act, Cap. 4,
Laws of the Federation of Nigeria 1990, that this is a true copy of the Bill passed by
both Houses of the National Assembly.

NASIRU IBRAHIM ARAB,


Clerk to the National Assembly
16th Day of April, 2007

EXPLANATORY MEMORANDUM

This Act amends the National Automotive Council Act to abolish the two per cent of the
Cost Insurance and Freight (CIF) value of all imported Fully Built Units (FBU) auto
component spare parts, Completely Knocked Down (CKD) and raw materials brought in for
the automotive sub-sector and make provisions for alternate funding of the existing National
Automotive Council
SCHEDULE TO NATIONAL AUTOMOTIVE COUNCIL (AMENDMENT) BILL, 2007.

(1) (2) (3) (4) (5)


Short Title of Long Title of the Summary of the Date passed by Date passed by
The Bill Bill Contents of the Bill the Senate The House of
Representatives
National Automotive An Act to amend the This Bill seeks to amend the National 20th February 2007 21st February 2007
Council (Amendment) National Automotive Automotive Council Act, abolish the
Bill. 2007. Council Act No. 84 of 1993; two percent of the Cost Insurance and
and for related matters. Freight (CIF) value of all imported
Fully Built Units (FBU) auto
component spare parts. Completely
Knocked Down (CKD) and raw
materials brought in for the
automotive sub-sector and make
provisions for alternate funding of the
existing National Automotive Council.

I certify that this Bill has been carefully compared by me with the decision reached by the National Assembly and found by me to be true
and correct decision of the Houses and is in accordance with the provisions of the Acts Authentication Act Cap. 4. Laws of the Federation of
Nigeria 1990.

NASIRU IBAHIM ARAB,


Clerk to the National Assembly
I ASSENT
16th Day of April, 2007

CHIEF OLUSEGUN OBASANJO, GCFR


LS President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria
16th Day of April, 2007
Extraordinary

AND FAITH PEACE AND PROG


UNITY RE S S

Federal Republic of Nigeria


Official Gazette
No. 62 Lagos - 13th June, 2007 Vol. 94

Government Notice No. 41

The following is published as Supplement to this Gazette:

Act No. Short Title Page

11 Companies Income Tax (Amendment) Act, 2007 … ... .... .... .... .... .... .... A 143 - 153

Printed and Published by The Federal Government Printer, Lagos, Nigeria


FGP 104/72007/1,000 (OL 68)

Annual Subscription from 1st January, 2007 is Local : N 15,000.00 Overseas: N21,500.00 [Surface Mail]
N24,500.00 [Second Class Air Mail]. Present issue N350.00 per copy. Subscribers who wish to obtain Gazette after
1st January should apply to the Federal Government Printer, Lagos for amended Subscriptions.
B 143

COMPANIES INCOME TAX (AMENDMENT) ACT, 2007

AND FAITH PEACE AND PROG


UNITY RE S S

ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS

SECTION:
1. Amendment of Cap. 60 LFN, 1990.
2. Repeal of Part I.
3. Amendment of section 9.
4. Amendment of section 14.
5. Amendment of section 19.
6. Amendment of section 20.
7. Insertion of section 21 A.
8. Amendment of section 27.
9. Amendment of section 28B.
10. Deletion of section 28F.
11. Amendment of section 29.
12. Deletion of section 30.
13. Substitution for section 41.
14. Deletion of section 41 A.
15. Amendment of section 41 B.
16. Amendment of section 42.
17. Substitution for sections 43 and 43A.
18. Repeal of sections 53, 54, 55, 56, 57 and part X.
19. Amendment of section 63.
20. Amendment of section 64.
21. Amendment of section 71.
22. Deletion of section 72.
23. Substitution for section 79.
24. Amendment of section 80.
25. Short Title.
A 145

COMPANIES INCOME TAX (AMENDMENT) ACT, 2007

2007 ACT No.11

AN ACT TO AMEND THE COMPANIES INCOME TAX ACT, CAP 60 LFN, 1990
AND FOR RELATED MATTERS

[16th Day of April 2007] Commence-


ment
ENACTED by the National Assembly of the Federal Republic of Nigeria

1. The Companies Income Tax Act (in this Act referred to as “the principal Act”) Amendment
is amended as set out in this Act. of Cap. 60
LFN, 1990

2.-- (I) Part 1, of tile principal Act is repealed. Repeal of


(2) The Federal Board of the land Revenue established under the Principal Act is Part 1.
dissolved.
(3) The repeal of Part I of the Principal Act specified in subsection (1) of this
section shall not affect anything done or purported to have been done under the
repealed Part.

3. Section 9 of the principal Act is amended-


(a) by deleting subsections “(1)” to “(5) and renumbering, the existing Amendment
of section 9.
subsection “(6)” to “(10)” as subsections “(1)” to “(5)”
(b) in subsection (7) by substituting for the existing paragraph (c) the following
new paragraph “(c)”-
“(c) providing working capital for any cottage industry established by the
company” ; and
(c) by inserting immediately after the existing interpretation of the words “base
lending rate” the following interpretation-

“cottage industry means an industry where the creation of products and services
is home-based, rather than' factory-based” ;

4. Section 14 of the Principal Act is amended by substituting for the following Amendment
new section “14”- of section
14
“Insurance 14.-(1) Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in this
Companies Act, insurance business shall be taxed as

(a) an insurance company, whether proprietary or mutual, other than a life


Insurance company; or
(b) a Nigerian company whose profit accrued in part outside Nigeria.

the profit .on which tax may be imposed, shall be ascertained by taking the gross
premium interest and other income receivable in Nigeria less reinsurance and deducting
from the balance so arrived at, a reserve for unexpired risks at, the percentage
consistently adopted by the company in relation to its operations as a whole for such
risks at the end of the period for which the profits are being ascertained, subject to the
limitation imposed in subsection (8) (a) of this section.
A 146 2007 No. 11 Companies Income Tax (Amendment) Act

(2) The profit on which tax may be imposed in an insurance company which is a
life insurance company, whether proprietary or mutual, other than a Nigerian company
which carries on business through a permanent establishment in Nigeria shall-

(a) be the investment income less the management expenses, including


commission, subject to the limitation imposed in subsection (8) (b) of this section; and

(b) where the profits of the company accrue in part outside Nigeria, be that
proportion of the total investment income of the company as the premium earned
whether received or receivable, less the agency expenses in Nigeria and a fair
proportion of the expenses of the head office of the company but where the insurance
company has its head office outside Nigeria the Board may substitute some basis other
than that prescribed in this paragraph for ascertaining the required proportion or the
total investment income.

(3) Any amount distributed in any form as dividend from an .actuarial revaluation
of unexpired risks or from any other revaluation shall be deemed to be part of the total
profits of the company for tax purposes.

(4) Not more than three months after an actuarial revaluation of the unexpired risks
or any other revaluation has taken place, the company shall provide the Board with full
particulars of the revaluation carried out, inc1uding a copy of the actuary's revaluation
certificate.

(5) The profits on which tax may be imposed-


(a) in a general Nigerian insurance company, shall be ascertained in accordance
with the provisions of subsection (1) of this section as though the whose premium and
investment incomes of the company were derived from Nigeria ; and

(b) in a Nigerian life insurance company shall be ascertained in accordance with


the provisions of subsections (2), (3) and (4) of this sections as through the whole
investment and other incomes were received in Nigeria and all the expenses and other
outgoings of the company were incurred in Nigeria

(6) Where an insurance company carries on a life class and a general class
insurance business the funds and books of accounts of one class shall be kept separate
from the other as though one class does not relate to the other class and the annual tax
returns of the two classes of insurance business shall be made separately.

(7) Each class of insurance shall be assessed separately as “life insurance


assessment “and” non-life (other) insurance assessment” and in respect of each class
of insurance business where there are more than one type of insurance in the same
class, they form one type of business and shall not be allowed against the income from
another type of insurance business but the loss shall be available to be carried forward
against profits from the same class of insurance business and, in all cases, the period of.
carrying forward of a loss shall be limited to four years of assessment.

(8) An insurance company other than a life insurance company shall be allowed as
deductions from its premium the following reserves for tax purposes-
Companies Income Tax (Amendment) Act 2007 No. 11 A 147

(a) for unexpired risks, 45 per cent of the total premium in case of general
insurance business other than marine insurance business and 25 per cent of the total
premium in the case of marine cargo insurance;
(b) for other reserves, claims and outgoings of the company an amount equal to 25
per cent of the total premium, so that, after allowance under thy Second Schedule to this
Act as may be restricted, has been allowed for in any year of assessment, not less than
an amount equal to 15 per cent of the total profit of the company for tax purposes.
(9) An insurance company, in respect of its life insurance business shall be allowed
the following deductions from its investment incomes and other incomes-
(a) an amount which makes a general reserve and fund equal to the net liabilities
on policies in force at the time of an actuarial valuation;
(b) an amount which is equal to I per cent of gross premium or 10 per cent of
profits (whichever is greater) to a special reserve fund and accommodation until it
becomes the amount of the statutory minimum paid-up capital;
(c) all normal allowable business outgoing, except that after allowing for all the
outgoing and allowance under the Second Schedule to this Act as may be restricted
under the provisions of this Act for any year of assessment, not less than all amount
equal to 20 per cent of the gross incomes shall be available as 'total profit' of the
company for tax purposes.
(10) A reinsurance company shall be allowed the following deductions from its
gross profit to be credited to a general reserve fund-
(a) an amount not more than 50 per cent of the gross profits of the reinsurer for
the year where the general reserve fund is less than the initial statutory minimum
authorised share capital; or
(b) an amount not more than 25per cent of the gross profit of the reinsurer for the
year, where the fund is equal to or exceeds the initial statutory minimum
authorised share capital.
(11) An insurance company that engages the services of an insurance agent, a loss
adjuster and an insurance broker shall include in its annual tax returns, a schedule
showing the name and address of that agent, loss adjuster and insurance broker, the date
their services were employed and terminated, as applicable, and payments made to
each such agent, loss adjuster and insurance broker for the period covered by the tax
returns.”
5. Section 19 of the principal Act is amended in subsection (1) by inserting Amendment
of section
immediately after the existing paragraph "(r)" the following new paragraph "(s)"-- 19.
"(s)" the profit of a company established within an export processing zone or free
trade zone:
Provided th1at 100 per cent production of such company is for export otherwise tax
shall accrue proportionately on the profits of the company",
A 148 2007 No. 11 Companies Income Tax (Amendment) Act

Amendment
of section
6. Section 20 of the principal Act is amended by,
20 (a) deleting paragraph (c) ; and
(b) in paragraph (d) substituting for the phrase “of Employment, Labour and
Productivity, and the Productivity, Prices and Income Board" the phrase, “responsible
for labour matters.”
Insertion of 7. Insert immediately after section 21 of the principal Act, the following new
selection 21 A.
section “21 A”-
“21 A-( I) Notwithstanding the provision of section 20 of this Act, for the purpose of
ascertaining the profit of loss of any company for the period from any source
chargeable with tax under this Act, there shall be deducted the amount of donation to a
university and other tertiary or research institutions for research or any developmental
purpose or as an endowment out of the profits of the period by the company.
(2) Without prejudice to section 21 (2) and (3) of this Act, any donation made by a
company pursuant to subsection 1of this section shall be allowed as deductible by the
company out of the profits of that period notwithstanding that the donation is of a
revenue or capital nature.
(3) Except as the Minister with the approval of the Federal Executive Council may,
by order in the Federal Gazette otherwise direct, any deduction to be allowed to any
company under subsection (1) of this section shall not exceed an amount which is equal
to 15 per cent of the total profits or 25 per cent of the tax payable in the year of the
donation which ever is higher
Amendment 8. Section 27 of the principal Act is amended by deleting subsection (2) (a)(iii).
of section
27

Amendment 9. Section 28B of the principal Act is amended


of section
28B (a) in subsection (1), by substituting for the words “as electricity, water, tarred road
or telephone” the words “as electricity” water or tarred road” ; and
(b) in subsection (2), by deleting paragraph (e).
Deletion of 10. Section 28F of the principal Act is deleted.
selection 28F.
Amendment 11. Section 29 of the principal Act is amended-
of section
29 (a) in subsection (4)(a) by substituting for the amount “N500” the amount
“N20,000” ;
(B) in subsection (4 ) (b), by substituting for the amount “N400” the amount
“N25,000” ; and
(c) by deleting subsection (5) and re-numbering the existing subsections “(6)”
Deletion of
“(12)” as subsections “(5)” - “(11)”.
selection 30.
12. Section 30 of the principal Act is deleted.
Companies Income Tax (Amendment) Act 2007 No. 11 A 149

13. Section 41 of the principal Act is amended by substituting for the following new Substitution
for section
section “41”- 41.

"41. (I) Every company including a company granted exemption from


incorporation shall, whether or not a company is liable to pay tax under this Act for
a year of assessment, with or without notice from the Service, file a self assessment
return with the Service in the prescribed form at least once a year and such return
shall contain-
(a) the audited accounts, tax and capital allowances computation for the year of
assessment and a true and correct statement in writing containing the amount of profit
from each and every source computed ;
(b) a duly completed self-assessment form as may be prescribed by the Service,
from time to time, attested to by a director or secretary of the company and such
attestation shall contain a declaration that it contains a true and correct statement of the
amount of its profits computed in respect of all sources in accordance with this Act and
any rule made and that the particulars given in such return are true and complete ;
and
(c) evidence of payment of the whole or part of the tax due into a bank designated
for the collection of he tax.
(2) Subject to this Actor any regulation made, the time of filing returns shall be-
(a) in the case of a company that has been in business for more than 18 months, not
more than 6 months after the end of the accounting year; and

(b) in the case of a newly incorporated company within 18 months from the date of
its incorporation or not later than 6 months after the end of its accounting period,
whichever is earlier, in addition, the form of returns shall be signed by a director who
must be the chairman or the managing director of the company and the secretary
respectively;
(3) Any company which fails to comply with the provision of subsection (2) shall
be liable to pay-as penalty for late filing
(a) N25,000 in the first month in which the failure occurs ; and
(b) N5,000 for each subsequent month in which the failure continues.
(4) Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in any law ; an income tax assessment
shall be made in the currency in which the transaction took place.
(5) Where an offence under this section by a company is proved to have been
committed with the consent or connivance of or to any neglect on the part of any
director, manager, secretary or other similar officer, servant or agent of the company (or
the person purporting to act in any such capacity) he as well as the company shall be
deemed to have committed the offence and shall on conviction be liable to a fine not
exceeding N100,000 or imprisonment for a term not exceeding 2 years or to both such
fine and imprisonment.
A 150 2007 No. 11 Companies Income Tax (Amendment) Act

(6) For the purposes of this section


(a) every company shall designate a representative who shall answer every query
relating to the tax matters of the company; and
(b) a person designated by a company pursuant to paragraph (a) of this subsection
shall be a person knowledgeable in the field of taxation as may be approved from time
to time by the Service.”

Deletion of 14. Section 41A of the principal Act is deleted.


Section 41A.

Amendment 15. Section 41B of the Principal Act is amended in subsection (I) by inserting
of section immediately after the word “exchange” the words "as a capital market operator”,
41B.

Amendment 16. Section 42 of the Principal Act is amended by substituting for the word
of section
42. “limited” the word “specified”.
Substitution 17. Substitute for sections 43 and 43A of the Principal Act the following new
for sections
43 and 43A. section “43”-

"Call for returns, 43.- (I) For the of purpose of obtaining full information in
books, documents respect of the profits within the time specified by the notice
and information:
toany person the Service shall give notice to that person
requiring him
(a) complete and deliver to the Service any return
specified in such notice ;
(b) appear personally before an officer of the Service for
examination with respect to any matter reacting to such
profits;
(c) produce or cause to be produced for examination
books, documents and any other information at the place and
time stated in the notice, which time may be from day-to-day,
for such period as the Service may deem necessary ; or
(d) give orally or in writing any other information
including a name ,and' address specified in such notice:
(2) For the purposes of paragraphs (a)-(d) ofsubsecti6n (l) of this section, the time
specified by such notice shall not be, less than 7 days from the date of service of such
notice except that an officer of the Service not below the rank of a chief inspector of
taxes or its equivalent may act in any of the cases stipulated in paragraphs, (a)-(d) of
subsection (1) of this section, without giving any of the required notices set out in this
section.
(3) A person who contravenes the provisions of this section commits an offence
and shall, in respect of each offence, be liable on conviction to a fine equivalent to the
amount of the tax liability in addition to paying the tax due:
Companies Income Tax (Amendment) Act 2007 No. 11 A 151

(4) Nothing in this section or in any other provision of this Act shall be constructed
as precluding the Service from verifying by tax audit or investigation into any matter
relating to any return or entry in any book, document, accounts, including those stored
in a computer; digital magnetic, optical or electronic media as may, from time to time,
be specified in any guideline by the Service.
(5) Any person may apply in writing to the Service for an extension of time within
which to comply with the provisions of this section and section 10 of this Act, in so far
as the person-
(a) makes the application before the expiration of the time stipulated in this section
for making the returns; and
(b) shows good cause for his inability to comply with this provision.
(6) If the Service is satisfied with the cause shown in the application under of
subsection (5)(b) of this section, it may in writing grant the extension of the time or
limit the time as it may consider appropriate”.
18. - (1) Sections 53, 54, 55, 56, 57 of Part X of the Principal Act dealing with Repeal of
sections 53,
Appeals to the Body of Appeal Commissioners are deleted. 54, 55, 56,
57 and part
(2) Appeals shall be as provided in the Federal Inland Revenue Service Act. X.

19. Section 63 of the principal Act is amended- Amendment


of section
63.
(a) in subsection (5), by deleting the words “but only to the extent that the total of
such deductions does not exceed the amount of the assessment and provided the
assessment is for the period to which such payments relate under the provisions of
section 29 of this Act” ;
(b) in subsection (7), by inserting the following new subsection “(7)”-
“(7) Any excess payment arising from compliance with sections 60, 61, 62 and 63
of this Act over the assessment under section 25 of this Act shall be refunded by the
Service within 90 days of the assessment if duly filed with the option to setoff against
future taxes" ; and
(c) by renumbering the existing subsection "(7)" as subsection "(8)".
20. Section 64 of the principal Act is amended by Amendment
of section
64.
(a) substituting for the words “thirty days” the words "twenty,-one days" ; and
(b) substituting for the words liable on conviction to a fine of 200 percent” the
words liable to a penalty of 10 per cent per annum”.
Amendment
21. Section 71 of the Principal Act is amended- of section
71.
(a) in subsection (1), by substituting for the amount-
(i) “N200” the amount "N20,000.00" ;
(ii) “N40" the amount "N20,000.00" ; and
(b) in subsection (4) (d), by deleting the word "whether" and the words "or after".
A 148 2007 No. 11 Companies Income Tax (Amendment) Act

Deletion of 22. Section 72 of the principal Act is deleted.


section 72.

Substitution 23. Section 79 of the principal Act is amended by substituting for the existing
for section section, the following new section "79"-
79

"79. The National Assembly may on the proposal by the President by a


resolution of each of the Houses of the National Assembly impose, increase,
reduce, withdraw or cancel any rate of tax, duty or fee chargeable specified in
section 29 and Second Schedule to the Act in accordance with section 59 (2) of the
Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, 1999."

Amendment
24. Section 80 of the Principal Act is amended in subsection (4) by-
for section
80 (a) substituting for the existing paragraph "(g)" the following new paragraph “(g)”

“(g)” application for trade or business licence" ; and


(b) deleting the word "buying" in paragraph (1)-

Short Title. 25. This Act may be cited as the Companies Income Tax (Amendment) Act, 2007.

I certify, in accordance with section 2 (I) of the Acts Authentication Act, Cap. 4,
Laws of the Federation of Nigeria 1990, that this is a true copy of the Bill passed by both
Houses of National Assembly.

NASIRU IBRAHIM ARAB,


Clerk to the National Assembly
16th Day April 2007.

EXPLANATORY MEMORANDUM
This Act amends the Companies Income Act, Cap: 60 LF N, 1990, and, among
other things, makes it more responsive to the tax reform policies of the Federal
Government and enhances its implementation and effectiveness.
SCHEDULE TO COMPANIES INCOME TAX (AMENDMENT) BILL, 2007.

( I) (2) (3) (4) (5)


Short Title of Long Title of the Summary of the Date passed by Date passed by
The Bill Bill Contents of the Bill the Senate The House of
Representatives

Companies Income An Act to amend the This Bill seeks to amend 20th February 2007 21st February 2007
Tax (Amendment) Companies Income Tax and Companies Income Tax Act. Cap.
Bill, 2007 For related matters. 60. LFN. 1990 and among other
thing s make it more responsive
to the tax reform policies of the
Federal Government and enhance
Its implementation and
effectiveness.

I certify that this Bill has been carefully compared by me with the decision reached by the National Assembly and found by me to be true
and correct decision of the Houses and is in accordance with the provisions of the Acts Authentication Act Cap. 4. Laws of the Federation of
Nigeria 1990.

NASIRU IBAHIM ARAB,


Clerk to the National Assembly
I ASSENT
16th Day of April, 2007

CHIEF OLUSEGUN OBASANJO, GCFR


LS President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria
16th Day of April, 2007
Extraordinary

AND FAITH PEACE AND PROG


UNITY RE S S

Federal Republic of Nigeria


Official Gazette
No. 63 Lagos - 15th June, 2007 Vol. 94

Government Notice No. 42

The following is published as Supplement to this Gazette:

Act No. Short Title Page

12 Value Added Tax (Amendment) Act, 2007 … ... .... .... .... .... .... .... A 155 - 161

Printed and Published by The Federal Government Printer, Lagos, Nigeria


FGP 105/72007/1,000 (OL 69)

Annual Subscription from 1st January, 2007 is Local : N 15,000.00 Overseas: N21,500.00 [Surface Mail]
N24,500.00 [Second Class Air Mail]. Present issue N350.00 per copy. Subscribers who wish to obtain Gazette after
1st January should apply to the Federal Government Printer, Lagos for amended Subscriptions.
A 155

COMPANIES INCOME TAX (AMENDMENT) ACT, 2007

AND FAITH PEACE AND PROG


UNITY RE S S

ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS

SECTION:
1. Amendment of Act No. 102 of 1993.
2. General amendments.
3. Amendment of section 4.
4. Amendment of section 10.
5. Amendment of section l0 A
6. Amendment of section 11A.
7. Amendment of section 12.
8. Deletion of section 13 (3).
9. Amendment of section 15.
10. Amendment of section 16.
11. Substitution for section 36.
12. Amendment of section 42.
13. Amendment of First Schedule.
14. Appeals.
15. Citation.
A 157

VALUE ADDED TA (AMENDMENT) ACT, 2007


2007 ACT No. 12

AN ACT TO AMEND THE VALUE ADDED TAX ACT No. 102, 1993;
AND FOR RELATED MATTERS

[16th Day of April, 2007 ] Commence-


ment
ENACTED by the National Assembly of the Federal Republic of Nigeria-

1. The Value Added Tax Act (in this Act referred to as “the Principal Act”) is Amendment
of act No.
amended as set out in this Act. 102 of 1993

2. Substitute for the words “VAT Office” the words “Tax Office” wherever they General
amendments.
occur in the Principal Act.

3. Substitute for section 4 of the Principal Act a new section “4”- Substitution
for section 4.

“Rate of tax 4. The tax shall be computed at the rate of 5 per cent on the value of all
goods and services as determined, under sections 5 and 6 of this Act, except that goods
and services listed under Part III of the First Schedule to this Act shall be taxed at zero
rate.”

4. Substitute for the word “him”, the words “the person” in section 10 (1) of the Amendment
of section 10.
Principal Act.
5. Section l0 A of the Principal Act is amended by- Amendment
of section
(a) inserting immediately after the existing subsection (1), the following new 10A.
subsection “(2)”-

“(2) The Service may, by notice, determine and direct the companies
operating in the oil and gas sector which shall deduct VAT at source and remit
same to the Service” ; and
(b) renumbering the existing subsection “(2)” as subsection “(3)”.
6. Insert the following new section 11A immediately after the existing section 11
of the Principal Act-
“Tax invoice 11 A (I) A taxable person who makes a taxable supply shall, in respect of
that supply, furnish the purchaser with a tax invoice containing, inter alia, the
following -

(a) tax payers identification number;


(b) name and address;
(c) VAT registration number;
(d) the date of supply;
( e) name of purchaser or client;
A 158 2007 No. 12 Value Added Tax (Amendment) Act

(f) gross amount of transaction ; and


(g) tax charged and rate applied
(2) A tax invoice shall be issued on supply whether or not payment is made at the
time of supply.”

Amendment 7. Section 12 of the Principal Act is amended


of section 12
(a) in subsection (1), by substituting for the figure and word “30th day” for the
figure and word “21st day”;
(b) by inserting immediately after subsection (2), the following new subsection
“(3)” -
“(3) In this regard, any payment made to duly authorized government agents shall
be deemed to have been made to the Federal Inland Revenue Service.”
Deletion of 8. Delete section 13 (3) of the Principal Act.
section 13
(3)

Amendment 9. Substitute for the figure “16”, the figure “15” in section 15 of the Principal
of section 15. Act.
Amendment 10. (1) Substitute for section “16 (2)” and (3) of the Principal Act, a new section
of section 16.
16 (2) and (3)

“(2) A taxable person who is aggrieved by an assessment made on the person may
file an objection to the Federal Inland Revenue Service
(3) An appeal before the Federal Inland Revenue Service shall be determined
within 30 days.”
(2) Insert new section “16 (4) “ and “(5)” immediately after the new section 16
“(2)” and “(3)”
(4) Appeal from the decisions of the Federal Inland Revenue Service shall be
made to the Tax Appeal Tribunal.
(5) An appeal from the Tax Appeal Tribunal. Shall be made to the Federal High
Court.”

Substitution 11. Substitute for section 36 of the Principal Act a new section “36” -
for section
36.
Distribution “36 Notwithstanding any formula that may be prescribed by any other law, the
of revenue.
revenue accruing by virture of the operation of this Act shall be distributed as
follows -
(a) 15% to the Federal Government
(b) 50% to the State Government and the Federal Capital Territory Abuja; and
(c) 35% to the Local Governments
Value Added Tax (Amendment) Act 2007 No. 12 A 159

Provided that the principle of derivation of not less than 20% shall be reflected in
the distribution at the allocation among States and Local Governments as specified in
sub-paragraphs (b) and (c) of this section.”
12. Insert the interpretation ofthe'f6110wing accordingly in section 42 of the Amendment
of section 42.
Principal Act-
“exported service” means service performed by a Nigerian resident or a Nigerian
company to a person outside Nigeria;
“imported service” means service rendered in Nigeria by a non-resident person to
a person inside Nigeria;
“taxable person” includes an individual or body of individuals, family
corporations sole, trustee or executor or a person who carries out in a place an
economic activity, a person exploiting tangible or intangible property for the purpose
of obtaining income there from by way of trade or business or a person or agency of
government acting in that capacity;”

13. The First Schedule to the Principal Act is amended- Amendment


of First
Schedule
(a) by substituting for paragraph 7, the following new paragraph "7”
“7. Plant, machinery and goods imported for use in the export processing zone or
free trade zone :
Provided that 100 per cent production of such company is for expert otherwise tax
shall accrue proportionately on the profits of the company” ; and
(b) inserting a new “Part III” as follows
“Part III -zero rate goods and services
1. Non-oil exports.
2. Goods and services purchased by diplomats.
3. Goods purchased for use in humanitarian donor funded projects.”

'humanitarian donor funded project' includes projects undertaken by Non-


Governmental Organizations and Religious and Social Clubs or Societies recognized
by law whose activity is not for profit and in the public interest.”

14. Appeals shall be as in the Federal Inland Revenue Service Act. Appeals.

15. This Act may be cited as the Value Added Tax (Amendment) Act, 2007. Citation.
A 160 2007 No. 12 Value Added Tax (Amendment) Act

I Certify, in accordance with Section 2 (1) of' the Acts Authentification Act, Cap. 4,
Laws of the Federation of Nigeria 1990, that this is a true copy of the Bill passed by
both House of the National Assembly.

NASIRU IBRAHIM ARAB


Clerk to the National Assembly
16th Day of April, 2007.

EXPLANATORY MEMORANDUM
This Act amends the Value Added No. 102, 1993 and, among other things, makes it
more responsive to the tax reform policies of the Federal Government and enhance its
implementation and effectiveness.
SCHEDULE TO VALUE ADDED TAX (AMENDMENT) BILL, 2007.

( I) (2) (3) (4) (5)


Short Title of Long Title of the Summary of the Date passed by Date passed by
The Bill Bill Contents of the Bill the Senate The House of
Representatives

Value Added Tax An Act to amend the This Bill seeks to amend the Value 20th February 2007 21ts February 2007
(Amendment) Bill, Value Added Tax No.102 Added Tax Act, and among other
2007. 1993; and for related things, make it more responsive to
matters. the tax reform policies of the Federal
Government and enhance its
implementation and effectiveness.

I certify that this Bill has been carefully compared by me with the decision reached by the National Assembly and found by me to be true
and correct decision of the Houses and is in accordance with the provisions of the Acts Authentication Act Cap. 4. Laws of the Federation of
Nigeria 1990.

NASIRU IBAHIM ARAB,


Clerk to the National Assembly
I ASSENT
16th Day of April, 2007

CHIEF OLUSEGUN OBASANJO, GCFR


LS President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria
16th Day of April, 2007
Extraordinary

AND FAITH PEACE AND PROG


UNITY RE S S

Federal Republic of Nigeria


Official Gazette
No. 64 Lagos - 18th June, 2007 Vol. 94

Government Notice No. 43

The following is published as Supplement to this Gazette:

Act No. Short Title Page

12 Federal Inland Revenue Service (Establishment) Act, 2007 ... .... .... .... A 163 - 203

Printed and Published by The Federal Government Printer, Lagos, Nigeria


FGP 106/72007/1,000 (OL 72)

Annual Subscription from 1st January, 2007 is Local : N15,000.00 Overseas: N21,500.00 [Surface Mail]
N24,500.00 [Second Class Air Mail]. Present issue N350.00 per copy. Subscribers who wish to obtain Gazette after
1st January should apply to the Federal Government Printer, Lagos for amended Subscriptions.
A 163

COMPANIES INCOME TAX (AMENDMENT) ACT, 2007

AND FAITH PEACE AND PROG


UNITY RE S S

ARRANGEMENT OF SECTIONS

SECTION:
PART I - ESTABLISHMENT OF THE FEDERAL INLAND REVENUE SERVICE
AND ITS MANAGEMENT BOARD, ETC.

1. Establishment of the Federal Inland Revenue Service.


2. Objects of the Service.
3. Establishment and composition of the Management Board
4. Tenure of office.
5. Cessation of membership.
6. Emoluments, etc. of members.

PART II-POWERS AND FUNCTIONS OF THE BOARD AND THE SERVICE

7. Powers of the Board.


8. Functions of the Service.
9. Establishment of Technical Committee of the Board.
10. Functions of the Technical Committee.

PART III-MANAGEMENT AND STAFF OF THE SERVICE;

11. Executive Chairman of the Service.


12. Appointment of Secretary to the Board and other staff of the Service.
13. Pensions.
14. Staff regulations.

PART IV-FINANCIAL PROVISIONS

15. Funds of the Service.


16. Expenditure of the Service.
17. Estimates.
18. Accounts and audit.
19. Annual report, etc.
20. Power to accept gifts.
21. Power to borrow.
22. Accountability.
23. Refund to tax payers.
24. Power of Accountant-General to deduct from source.

PART V-TAX ADMINISTRATION AND ENFORCEMENT

25. Administration of tax laws.


26. Call for returns, books, documents and information.
A 164 2007 No. 13 Federal Inland Revenue Service (Establishment) Act

27. Call for further returns and payment of tax due.


28. Information to be delivered by bankers.
29. Power to access lands, building, books and documents.
30. Power to remove books and documents.
31. Power of substitution.
32. Addition for non-payment of tax and enforcement of payment.
33. Power to distrain.
34. Recovery of tax.
35. Tax investigations.
36. Enforcement of powers.
37. Power to pay reward.
38. Immunity from action, etc.
39. Information and documents to be confidential.

PART VI OFFENCES AND PENALTIES

40. Failure to deduct or remit tax.


41. Obstruction, etc.
42. False declaration.
43. Counterfeiting documents, etc
44. Penalties for offences by authorized and unauthorized persons.
45. Penalty where offenders are armed.
46. Unlawful assumption of character of an authorized officer.
47. Prosecution.
48. Power to compound offences.
49. General penalty.

PART VII-GENERAL PROVISIONS

50. Official secrecy and confidentiality.


51. Board to be subject to general direction of the Minister.
52. Delegation of powers of the Board.
53. Signification.
54. Imposition of surcharge.
55. Limitation of suits against the Service, etc.
56. Service of documents.
57. Restriction on execution against property of the Service.
58. Indemnity.

PART VIII-MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS

59. Establishment of Tax Appeal Tribunal.


60. Directives by the Minister, etc.
61. Power to make regulations
62. Repeal of Part I of Cap 60 LFN, 1990.
63. Savings and transitional provisions relating to staff or employees
64. Other savings and transitional provisions.
65. Continuation of Board members.
66. Continuation and completion of disciplinary proceedings
Federal Inland Revenue Service (Establishment) Act 2007 No. 13 A 165

67. Rights and obligations transferred.


68. Relevance of other laws.
69. Interpretation.
70. Short Title.

SCHEDULES

FIRST SCHEDULE - Legislation administered by the Service.


SECOND SCHEDULE - Supplementary provisions relating to the Board.
THIRD SCHEDULE - Form of authorization to access lands, buildings, books and
documents.
FOURTH SCHEDULE - Form of Warrant of Distraint.
FIFTH SCHEDULE - Establishment, jurisdiction, authority and procedure of the Tax
Appeal Tribunal.
Federal Inland Revenue Service (Establishment) Act 2007 No. 13 A 169

6. The Chairman and members of the Board shall be paid such emoluments, Emoluments,
etc. of
allowances and benefits as may be approved by the National Wages (Incomes and members.
Salaries Commission.
7. PART II POWERS AND FUNCTIONS OF THE BOARD AND THE SERVICE Power of the
Board
(1) The Board shall
(a) provide the general policy guidelines relating to the functions of the
Service;”
(b) manage and superintend the policies of the Service on matters relating to the
administration of the revenue assessment, collection and accounting system under this
Act or any enactment or law;
(c) review and approve the strategic plans of the service;
(d) employ and determine .the terms and condition of service inc1uding
disciplinary measures of the employees of the Service ;
(e) stipulate remuneration allowances, benefits and pensions or staff and
employees in consultation with the National Salaries, Income and Wages Commission;
and
(f) do such other things which in its opinion are necessary to ensure the
efficient performance of the functions of the Service under this Act.
Functions of
the Service
8. -(1) The service shall-

(a) assess persons including companies enterprises chargeable with tax


(b) assess, collect, account and enforce payment of taxes as may be due to the
Government or any of its agencies;
(c) collect, recover and pay to the designated account any tax under any provision
of this Act or any other enactment or law;
(d) in Collaboration with the relevant ministries and agencies, review the tax
regimes and promote the application of tax revenue to stimulate economic activities
and development;
(e) in collaboration with the relevant law enforcement agencies, carry out the
examination and investigation with a view to enforcing compliance with the provisions
of this Act;
(f) make from time to-time, a determination of the extent of financial loss and such
other losses by government arising from tax fraud evasion and such other losses (or
revenue forgone) arising from tax waivers and other related matters;
(g) adopt measures to identify, trace, freeze, confiscate or seize proceeds derived
from tax fraud or evasion;
(h) adopt measures which include compliance and regulatory actions,
introduction and maintenance of investigation and control techniques on the detection
and prevention of non-compliance;
(i) collaborate and facilitate rapid exchange of information with relevant national
or international agencies or bodies on tax matters;
(j) undertake exchange of Personnel or other expert with complementary
agencies for purposes of comparative experience and capacity building;
A 170 2007 No. 13 Federal Inland Revenue Service (Establishment) Act

(k) establish and maintain a system for monitoring international dynamics of


taxation in order the identify suspicious transactions and the perpetrators and other
persons involved;
(l) provide and maintain access to upto date and adequate data and information on
all taxable persons individuals, corporate bodies or all agencies of government
involved the collection of revenue for the purpose of efficient, effective and correct tax
administration and to prevent tax evasion or fraud;
(m) maintain database, records and reports on persons, organizations, proceeds,
properties, documents or other items or assets relating to tax administration including
matters relating to waivers, fraud or evasion;
(n) undertake support research on similar measures with a view to stimulating
economic development and determine the manifestation, extent, magnitude and
effects of tax fraud evasion and other matters that affect effective tax administration
and make recommendations to the government on appropriate intervention and
preventive measures;
(o) collate and continually review all policies of the Federal Government relating
to taxation and revenue generation and undertake a systematic and progressive
implementation of such policies ;
(p) liaise with the office of the Attorney-General of the Federation, all government
security and law enforcement agencies and such other financial supervisory
institutions in the enforcement and eradication of tax related offences;
(q) issue tax payer identification number to every taxable person in Nigeria in
collaboration with States Boards of Internal Revenue and Local Government
Councils;
(r) carry out and sustain rigorous public awareness and enlightenment campaign
on the benefits of tax compliance within and outside Nigeria;
(s) carry out oversight functions over all taxes and-levies accruable to the
Government of the federation and as it may be required, query, subpoena, sanction and
reward any activities pertaining to the assessment, collection of and accounting for
revenues accruable to the Federation; and
(t) carry out such other activities as are necessary or expedient for the full
discharge of all or any of the functions under this Act.
(2) The Service may, from time to time, specify the form of returns, claims
statements and notices necessary for the due administration of the powers conferred on
it by this Act.

Establishment 9. -( 1) There shall be a Technical Committee of the Board (in this Act referred to as
of Technical “the Technical Committee”) which shall consist of -
Committee
of the Board. (a) the Executive Chairman of the Service as Chairman;
(b) all the Directors and heads of departments of the Service;
(c) the Legal Adviser of the Service; and
(d) the Secretary to the Board.
(2) The Technical Committee may co-opt from the Service such staff as it may
deem necessary the effective performance of its functions under this Act.
A 167

FEDERAL INLAND REVENUE SERVICE (ESTABLISHMENT) ACT 2007

2007 ACT No. 13

AN ACT TO PROVIDE FOR THE ESTABLISHMENT OF THE FEDERAL


INLAND REVENUE SERVICE CHARGED WITH POWERS Of. ASSESSMENT,
COLLECTION OF, AND ACCOUNTING FOR REVENUES ACCRUABLE TO THE
GOVERNMENT OF THE FEDERATION; AND FOR RELATED MATTERS

[16th Day of April, 2007]

ENACTED by the National Assembly of the Federal Republic of Nigeria -


Commence-
PART I-ESTABLISHMENT OF THE FEDERAL INLAND REVENUE SERVICE ment
AND ITS MANAGEMENT BOARD, ETC.

1.- (1) There is established a body to be known as the Federal Inland Revenue
Service (in this Act referred to as “the Service”).
(2) The Service- Establishment
of the Federal
(a) shall be a body corporate with perpetual succession and a common seal ; Inland
Revenue
(b) may sue or be sued .in its corporate name; an? Service.

(c) may acquire, hold or dispose of any property, movable or immovable, or the
purpose of carrying out any of its functions under this Act.
(3) The Service shall have such powers and duties as are conferred on it by this
Actor by any other enactment or law on such matters on which the National Assembly
has power to make law:
2. The object of the Service shall be to control and administer the different taxes
and laws specified in the First Schedule or other laws made or to be made from time to
time, by the National Assembly or other regulations made there under by the Objects of
Government of the Federation and to account for all taxes collected. the Service,
First
3.- (1) There is established for the Service a board to be known as the Federal Schedule.
Inland Revenue Service Board (in this Act referred to as “the Board”) which shall have
overall supervision of the Service as specified under this Act. Establishment
and
(2) The Board shall consist of- Composition
of the
(a) the Executive Chairman of the Service who shall be experienced in taxation as Management
Chairman of the Service to be appointed by the President and subject to the Board.
confirmation of the Senate;
(b) six members with relevant qualifications and expertise who shall be appointed
by the President to represent each of the six geo-political zones ;
(c) a representative of the Attorney -General of the Federation;
(d) the Government of the Central Bank of Nigeria or his representative
(e) a representative of the Minister of Finance not below the rank of a Director;
A 168 2007 No. 13 Federal Inland Revenue Service (Establishment) Act

(f) the Chairman of the Revenue Mobilization, Allocation and Fiscal Commission
or his representative who shall be any of the Commissioners representing the 36 States
of the Federation;
(g) the Group Managing Director of the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation
or his representative who shall not be below the rank of a Group Executive Director of
the Corporation or its equivalent;
(h) the Comptroller-General of the Nigeria Custom Service or his representative
not below the rank of Deputy Comptroller-General;
(i) the Registrar-General of the, Corporate Affairs Commission or his
representative not below the rank of a Director; and
(j) the Chief Executive Officer of the National Planning Commission or his
representative not below the rank of a Director.
(3) The members of the Board, other than the Executive Chairman, shall be part
time members.
Second (4) The supplementary provisions set out in the Second Schedule to this Act shall
Schedule.
have effect with
respect to the proceedings of the Board and other' matters mentioned therein.
Tenure of 4. The Chairman and other members of the Board, other than ex-officio members,
Office.
shall each hold office-
(a) for a term of four years renewable once only;
(b) on such terms and conditions as may specified in the letter of appointment.
Cessation of 5. Notwithstanding the provisions of section 4 of this Act, a member of the Board
Membership.
shall cease to hold office as a member of the Board if-

(a) he resign his appointment as a member of the Board by notice, under his hand,
addressed to the President;
(b) he becomes of unsound mind;
(c) he becomes bankrupt or makes a compromise with his creditors;
(d) he is convicted of a felony or of any offence involving dishonesty or
corruption;
(e) he becomes incapable of carrying on the functions of his office either arising
from an infirmity of mind or body;
(f) the President is satisfied that it is not in the interest of the Service or in the
interest of the public for the person to continue in office and the President removes him
Cap. C 15 from office;
LFN 2004.
(g)he has been found guilty of contravening the Code of Conduct Bureau and
Tribunal Act; or gross misconduct in relation to his duties;
(h) in the case of a person possessing a professional qualification, he is
disqualified by a competent authority; or
(i) in the case of a person who becomes a member by virtue of the office he
occupies, he ceases to hold such office.
Federal Inland Revenue Service (Establishment) Act 2007 No. 13 A 171

10. The Technical Committee shall Functions of


the Technical
(a) consider tax matter that require professional and technical expertise and make Committee.
recommendations to the Board ;
(b) advise the Board on any aspect of the functions and powers of the Service
under this Act; and”
(c) attend to such other matters as may from time to time be referred to it by the
Board.

PART III - MANAGEMENT AND STAFF OF THE SERVICE

11. The Executive Chairman shall- Executive


Chairman of
(a) be appointed by the President subject to the confirmation: of the senate ; the Service.
(b) be the chief executive and accounting officer of the Service ;
(c) be responsible for the execution of the policy and the; day-to-day
administration of the affairs of the Service; and
(d) have cognate experience and skills in accountancy, economics, taxation, law
and related fields.
12. - (1) There shall be a Secretary for the Board who shall Apportionment
of Secretary
(a) be appointed by the Board from within the Service; to the Board
(b) issue notices of meetings of the Board; and other
(c) keep records of the proceedings of the Board; and Staff of the
Service.
(d) carry out such duties as the Executive Chairman or the Board may, from time
to time, direct.
(2) Subject to the provisions of this section, the Board may appoint such other
persons to be employees of the Service and on such terms and conditions as may be
prescribed by the Board.
(3) If the Board thinks it expedient that any vacancy in the Service should be
filled by a person holding office in the Civil Service of the Federation or of a State it
shall notify the appropriate Civil Service to that effect and 'thereafter the Board may by
arrangement with the Civil Service Commission concerned, cause such vacancy to be
filled by way of secondment or transfer.
(4) The Service may appoint and employ such consultants, including Tax
consultants or accountants and agents to transact any business for to do any act
required to be transacted or done in the execution of its function under this Act:
Provided that such consultant shall not carry out duties of assessing and collecting tax
or routine responsibilities of tax officials.
13. Employment in the Service shall be subject to the provisions of the Pension Pensions
Cap. P4 LFN
Reform Act and officers and employees of the Service shall be entitled to pensions and 2004.
other retirement benefits as prescribed. under the Pension Reform Act.
14.- (1) Subject to the provisions of this Act, the Board may make regulations Staff
relating generally to the conditions of service of the staff and, in particular, such Regulations.
regulations may provide for-
A 172 2007 No. 13 Federal Inland Revenue Service (Establishment) Act

(a) the appointment, promotion, termination, dismissal and discipline of staff or


employees of the Service; and
(b) appeals by staff or employees against dismissal or other disciplinary
measures, and until such regulations are made, any instrument relating to conditions of
service in the public service of the Federation shall be applicable, with such
modifications as may be necessary, to the employees of the Service,

(2) The staff regulations made under subsection (1) of this section, shall be
published by the Board and issued to its staff in such manner as the Service may from
time to time determine pending the publication in the Federal Gazette.
PART IV-FINANCIAL PROVISIONS

Funds of the 15. The Service shall establish and maintain a-fund which shall consist of and to
Service. which shall be credited-
(a) a percentage as determined by the National Assembly of all non-oil and gas
revenue collected by the Service which may be appropriated by the National Assembly
for the capital and recurrent expenditures of the Service; .
(b) all sums of money accruing to the Service by way of grants-in-aid and gifts,
testamentary dispositions, endowments and contribution from any source;
(c) such monies as may from time to time be granted to the Service by the Federal,
State or Local Governments or other donor agencies provided such grants are not
intended for purposes contrary to' the objects and functions the Service; and
(d) all other monies which may, from time to time, accrue to the Service for other
services including the disposal, lease or hire of, or any other dealing with, any property
vested in or acquired by the Service;

Expenditure 16. The Service shall defray from the Fund establish pursuant to section 15 of this
of the Act all the amounts payable under or in pursuance of this Act being sums representing-
Service.
(a) emoluments and allowance payable be Executive Chairman and other
members of the Board'
(b) reimbursements to members of the Board any committee set up by the; Board
for such expenses as may be expressly authorized by the Service;
(c) remunerations and other costs of employment of the staff of the Service;
(d) amounts payable as pensions and other retirement benefits under or pursuant
to this Act or any other enactment;
(e) costs of acquisition and upkeep of premises belonging to the Service and any
other capital expenditure of the Service;
(f) investments maintenance of utilities, staff promotion, training, research and
similar activities;
(g) costs necessary for the day today operation of the Service ;
(h) all sums of money accruing to the Service by way, of grants-in-aids, gifts,
testamentary dispositions, endowments ,and contributions from any other source; and
Federal Inland Revenue Service (Establishment) Act 2007 No. 13 A 173

(i) any other payment for anything ,incidental to the foregoing provision or in
connection with or incidental to any other function of the Service under or pursuant to
this Act.
17. The service shall cause to be prepared, not later than the 30th day of Estimate
September in each year, an estimate of its income and expenditure for the succeeding
year for the purpose of appropriation by the National Assembly.

18. The Service shall keep proper accounts and records, and such account shall not Accounts and
later, than six months after the end of each year, be audited by auditors appointed by the Audit.
Board from the list and in accordance with the guidelines supplied by the, Auditor-
General for the federation.
19.-( 1) The Service shall not later than 30th September in each year, submit the Annual
Report, etc.
Minister, a report of its activities during the immediately preceding year and shall
include in such report the audited accounts of the Service.
(2) The Minister shall within 30 days of receipt, of the report-
(a) present a copy of the report to the Federal Executive Council; and
(b) present a copy of the report to the National Assembly.
(20).-(l) The Service may accept gifts of land, money or other property on such Power to
accept gifts.
terms and conditions, if any, as may be specified by the person or organization making
the gift.
(2) The Service shall not accept any gift if the conditions attached thereto are
inconsistent with any law for the time being force.
21. The Service may with the approval of the Minister, borrow by way of loan, Power to
overdraft or otherwise from any source such sums as it may require for the performance Borrow.
of its function and meeting of its obligation under this Act.
Accountability
22.-(1) The Executive Chairman of the Service shall
(a) keep proper accounting records, in a manner may be determined, from time to
time by the Board in respect of-
(i) all revenues and expenditure of the Service;
(ii) all its assets, liabilities and other financial transactions ; and
(iii) all other revenues collected by the Service, including income on
investments.
(b) prepare an annual report, including financial statements, in accordance with
generally accepted, accounting principle and practices ; and
(c) ensure that the available accounting resources of the Service are adequate and
used economically in the most effective and efficient manner, and the accounting and
other financial record are properly safeguarded.
23.-( 1) There shall be refunded to taxpayers, after proper auditing the Service; Refund to
such, over-payment of tax as is due, Tax Payers.
A 174 2007 No. 13 Federal Inland Revenue Service (Establishment) Act

(2) The Service shall decide on who is eligible for the refund mentioned in
subsection (1) of this section subject to such rules and conditions as may be approved
by the Board.
(3) Any tax refund shall be made within 90 days of the decision of the Service
made pursuant to subsection (2) of this section, with the option of setting off against
future tax by the tax payer.
(4) For the purpose of tax refund, the Accountant-General of the Federation shall
open a dedicated Accounting to which shall .be paid monies for settling such
refunds.
(5) The Service shall administer the dedicated account as created by virtue of
section 23 (4)
(6) For the purpose of the dedicated account, the Service shall prepare annual
budget for tax refund to be funded from the Federation Account as may be approved by
the National Assembly.
Power of 24. The Accountant-General of the Federation shall have power to deduct at
Accountant-
General to
source, from the budgetary allocation, un-remitted taxed due from any ministry or
deduct from government agency and shall not later than 30 days thereafter transfer such deductions
source. to the Service.

PART V-TAX ADMINISTRATION AND ENFORCEMENT

Administration 25.- (1) The Service shall have power to administer all the enactments listed in
of Tax Laws,
First
the First Schedule to this Act and any other enactment or1aw on taxation in respect of
Schedule. which the National Assembly may confer Power on the Service.
(2) The Service may, with the approval of the Minister by Instrument published
in the Federal Gazette, appoint any government agency to collect revenue pursuant to
the powers of the Service under subsection (1) of this section.
Call for 26.-(1) For the purpose of obtaining full information in respect of the profits or
returns,
books income of any person, body corporate or organization the Service may give notice to
documents that person, body corporate or organization requiring him or it within the time
and specified by the notice to-
information.
(a) complete and deliver to the Service any return specified in such notice;
(b) appear personally before an officer or the Service for examination with
respect to any matter relating to such profits or income;
(c) produce or cause to be produced examination .books, documents and any
other information at the place and time stated in the notice which, time may be from
day-to-day, for such period as the Service may deem necessary; or
(d) give orally or in writing any other information including name and address
specified in such notice.

(2) for the purpose of paragraph (a) to (d) of subsection (l) of this section, the
time specified by such notice shall not be less than 7 days from the date of service of
such notice except that an officer of the Service, not below the rank of a Chief
Inspector.
Federal Inland Revenue Service (Establishment) Act 2007 No. 13 A 175

of Taxes or its equivalent, may act in any of the cases stipulated in paragraphs (a) to
(d) of subsection (1); without giving any of the required notices set out in this section.
(3) A person who contravenes the provisions of this section is, in respect of each
offence, liable on conviction to a fine equivalent to 100per cent of the amount of
the tax liability.
(4) Nothing in the foregoing provision of this section or in any other provision of
this Act shall be construed as precluding the Service from verifying by tax audit or
investigation into any matter relating to any return or entry in any book, document,
accounts including those stored on a computer, in digital, magnetic, optical or
electronic media as may, from time to time, be specified in any guideline by the
Service.
(5) A person may apply in writing to the Board for an extension of time within
which to comply with the provisions of this section and section 27 of this Act, provided
that the person
(a) makes the application before the expiration of the time stipulated in this
section for making the returns; and
(b) shows good cause for his inability to comply with this provision.

(6) If the Board is satisfied with the cause shown in the application under
paragraph (b) of subsection (5), it may in writing grant the extension of the time or
limit the time as it may consider appropriate.
Call for
27.-(1) The Service may give notice in writing to any person it considers further
necessary requiring such person to deliver within a reasonable time specified in such returns and
notice, fuller or further returns in respect of any matter relating to the functions of the payment of
tax due.
Service under this Act.
(2) Where a tax .is not paid, when it falls due under any enactment, by any person
from whom, it is due, whether or not the payment of that tax has been secured by a
bond or otherwise, it shall be paid on demand made by the Service either on that
person personally or by delivering the demand in writing to his place of abode or
business, and if it is not paid on demand, the person in default shall, in addition to
the100 per cent of tax due and payable, also be liable to a penalty equal to the amount
of tax due and payable.
28.-(1) Without prejudice to section 26 of this Act, every bank shall prepare Information
to be
upon demand by the Service, quarterly returns specifying. delivered by
(a) in the case of an individual, all transactions involving the sum of bankers.
N5,000,000.00 and above; or
(b) in the case of a body corporate all transactions involving the sum of
N 1 0,000,000.00 and above, the names and addresses of all customers of the bank
connected with the transaction and deliver the 'returns to the Service;
(c) the names and addresses of new customers of the bank and shall not later
than the seventh day of the succeeding month deliver the returns to the Service.
(2) Subject to subsection (l) of this section, for the purpose of obtaining
information relative to taxation, the Service may give notice to any person including.
A 176 2007 No. 13 Federal Inland Revenue Service (Establishment) Act

a person engaged in banking business in Nigeria to provide within the time stipulated in
the notice, information including the name and address of any person specified in
the notice.
Provided that a person engaged in banking business in Nigeria, shall not be
required to disclose any additional information about his customer or his bank
under this section unless such additional disclosure is required by a notice signed
by the Executive Chairman of the Service on the advice of the Technical Committee
of the Board.
(3) Any bank that contravene the provisions of this section commits an offence
and shall, on conviction be liable to a fine not exceeding N500,000.00 on corporate
customers and not exceeding N50,000.00 in the case of individual customer.
Power to
access lands 29.-(1) Notwithstanding anything to the contrary .in any other enactment or law,
buildings, an authorized officer of the Service shall at all reasonable times have free access to all
boos and
documents
lands, building , places, books and documents, in the custody or under the control of a
public officer, institution or any other person, for the purpose of inspecting the books or
documents including those stored or maintained in computers or an digital, magnetic,
optical or electronic media, and any property process or matter which the officer
considers necessary or relevant for the purpose of collecting any tax under any of the
relevant enactment or law or for the purpose of carrying out any other function lawfully
conferred on the Service or considered likely to provide any informational for the
purposes of any of those enactments or any of those functions and may, without fee or
reward, make extract from, or copies of, such books or documents.
(2) Where the hard copies of the books or documents mention in subsection (1)
of this section are not immediately available because they are stored in a computer are
on digital, magnetic, optical or electronic media, the Service shall take immediate
possession of such removable media and the related removable equipment or computer
used to access the store documents on the media in order to prevent the accidental or
intentional destruction, removal or alteration of records and documents, especially
where such could be needed is potential evidence in the investigation or criminal
proceedings.
(3) Where the Service is able to obtain in place of taking physical possession of
such equipment computer °or storage media under subsection of this section, and the
Service possesses the ability equipment and computer software to make exact
duplicate copies of all information stored on the computer hard drive and preserve all
the information exactly as it is on the Original computer; the Service shall make such
copy and use it as digital evidence during the investigation or criminal proceedings.
(4) The occupier of a land, building or place that is entered or proposed to be
entered by an authorized officer, shall-
(a) provide the officer with all reasonable facilities and assistance for the
effective exercise of powers under this section ; and.
(b) answer questions relating to the effective exercise of the powers under this
section orally, or if required by the officer; in writing, or by statutory declaration.
Federal Inland Revenue Service (Establishment) Act 2007 No. 13 A 177

(5) Notwithstanding subsection (1) of this section, the authorized officer shall
not enter any private dwelling except with the consent of an occupier or pursuant to
an authorization issued under subsection (7) of this section.
(6) A judicial officer upon an application by an officer of the Service may
authorize the officer by warrant to enter into any premises.
(7) Every authorization issued under subsection (7) of this section shall
(a) be in the form prescribed in the Third Schedule this Act ;
(b) be directed to a named officer of the Service
(C) be valid for a period of e months from the date of its issue or such lesser period
as the judicial officer considers appropriate
(d) state its, period or validity, or the date on which it expires; and
(e) notwithstanding paragraphs (c) and (d) ,of this subsection, be renewable by
the judicial officer on application.
(8) An officer exercising the power of entry conferred by an authorization issued
under subsection (6) of this section shall produce the written authorization
and evidence of identity-
(a) on first entering the private dwelling; and
(b) whenever subsequently reasonably required to do so.
30.-(1) An office of the Service authorized by the Executive Chairman, may Power to
remove
remove books or documents accessed under section 29 of this Act to make copies. books and
documents
(2) Any copy of the books or documents removed shall be made and the books or
documents returned as soon as practicable
(3) A copy of a book or document or digital evidence certified by or on behalf of
the Executive Chairman is admissible in evidence in court as if it were the original.
(4) The owner of a book or document that is removed under this section is entitled
to inspect and obtain a copy of the book or document, at the owner's own expense, at the
premises to which the book or document moved to -
(a) at the time the book or document is moved to the premises; and
(b) at reasonable times subsequently.
31.-(1) The Service may by notice in writing appoint any person to be the agent Power of
substitution.
of a taxable person if the circumstance provided in sub-section (2) of this of this section
makes it expedient to do so.
(2) The agent appointed under sub-section (l) of this section may be required
to pay any tax payable by the taxable person from any money which may be held by the
agent of the taxable person:
(3) Where the, agent referred to in subsection (2) of this section defaults, the tax
shall be recoverable from him.
A 178 2007 No. 13 Federal Inland Revenue Service (Establishment) Act

(4) For the purposes of this section; the Service may require any person to give
information as to any money, fund or other assets which ma y be held by him for; or of
any money due from him to, any person.
(5) The provisions of this Act with respect to objections and appeals shall apply
to any notice given under this section as if such notice were an assessment.
Addition for
non-payment
32.-(1) Subject to subsection (3) of this section, if my tax is not paid within the
of tax and periods prescribed-
enforcement
of payment. (a) a sum equal to 10 per cent of the amount of the tax payable shall be added
thereto, and the provisions of the Act relating to the collection and recovery of tax shall
apply to the collection and recovery of such sum;
(b) in the case of Naira remittances, the tax due shall carry interest at the
prevailing minimum rediscount rate of the Central Bank of Nigeria plus spread to be
determined by the Minister from the date when the tax becomes payable until it is
paid, and the provisions of the Act relating to collection and recovery of tax shall apply
to the collection and recovery of the interest;
(c) in the case of foreign currency remittance, the tax, due shall incure interest at
the prevailing London Inter Bank Offered Rate or the prevailing minimum rediscount
rate of the Central Bank of Nigeria whichever is higher, plus spread to be determined
by the Minister from the date when the tax becomes payable until it is paid, and the
provisions of the Act relating to collection and recovery of tax shall apply to the
co1lection and recovery of the interest;
(d) the Service shall serve a demand notice, upon the company of person in
whose name a tax is chargeable find if payment is not made within one month from the
date of the service of such demand notice; the Service may proceed to enforce payment
under this Act; and
(e) an addition imposed under this subsection shall not be deemed to be part of
the tax paid for the purpose of claiming relief under any of the provisions of this Act.
(2) Any person who without lawful justification or excuse fails to pay a tax
within the period of one mouth prescribed in subsection (1) of this section, commits an
offence under this Act.
(3) The Board may, for any good cause shown, remit the whole or any part of the
addition due under subsection (1) of this section.
Power to 33.- (1) Without prejudice to any other power conferred on the Board for the
distrain enforcement of payment of tax due from a company, where an assessment
First
Schedule has become final and conclusive and a demand notice has, in accordance with the
provisions of the relevant tax laws tax in the First Schedule to this Act, been served
upon the taxable person or upon the person in whose name the taxable person is
chargeable, then, if payment of the tax is not made within the time limited by the
demand notice, the Board may in the prescribed form, for the purpose of enforcing
payment of the tax due.
Federal Inland Revenue Service (Establishment) Act 2007 No. 13 A 179

(a) distrain the taxpayer by his good or other chattels, bonds or other
securities
(b) distrain upon any land, premises, or place in respect of which the taxpayer is
the owner and, subject to the following provisions of this section, recover the amount
of tax due by sale of anything so distrained.
(2) The authority to distrain under this section shall be in the form contained in the Fourth
Fourth schedule to this Act and such authority shall be sufficient warrant and authority Schedule
to levy by distraint the amount of any due.
(3) For the purpose of levying any distraint under this section, any officer duly
authorized by the Board may execute any warrant of distraint and if necessary break
open any building or place in the day time for the purpose of levying such distraint, and
he may call to his assistance any police officer and the police officer shall, when so
required aid and assist in the execution of any warrant of distraint and in levying the
distraint.
(4) Things distrained under this section may, at the cost of the taxpayer be kept for
14 days and at the end of that time if the amount due in respect of the tax cost and
charges of any incidental to the distraint are, not paid, they may, subject to subsection
(6) of this section, be sold at any time thereafter..
(5) Out of the proceeds of such sale, there shall, in the first place, be paid the cost
or charges of any incidental to the (sale and keeping of the) distraint, and disposal
thereunder and in-the next place the amount due in respect of the tax, and the balance
(if any) shall be payable to the taxpayer upon demand being made by him or on his
behalf with in one year of the date of sale,
(6) Nothing in this section shall be construed so as to authorize the sale of any
immovable property without an order of a High Court, made on application in such
form as may be prescribed by the rules of court.
(7) In exercise of the powers of distraint conferred by this section; the person to
whom the authority is granted under subsection (3) of this section may distrain upon
all goods, chattels and effects, belonging to the debtor wherever the same, may be
found in Nigeria.
34.-(1) Without prejudice to any other provision of this Act or any other law listed Recovery of
in the First Schedule to this Act, any amount due by way of tax shall constitute a debt tax
due to the Service and may be recovered by a civil action brought by the Service.
(2) Where any tax has been under assessed or erroneously repaid, the person who
should have paid the 'mount under-assessed or to whom the repayment has
erroneously been made shall on demand by the proper officer, pay the amount under-
assessed or erroneously repaid, as the case may be, and any such amount may be
recovered as if it were tax to which a person to whom the amount was so under
assessed or erroneously repaid were liable:
A 180 2007 No. 13 Federal Inland Revenue Service (Establishment) Act

Provided that the appropriate officer shall not make any such demand after 5 years from
the date of such under-assessment or erroneous repayment unless such under-
assessment or erroneous repayment was caused by the production of a document or the
making of a statement which was untrue in any material particular.
Tax 35.-(1) The Service shall employ Special Purpose Tax Officers to assist relevant
Investigation
law enforcement agency in the investigation pf any offence, under this Act.
(2) Notwithstanding any thing to the contrary in any other enactment or law the
Service shall have the power to investigate or cause investigation to be conducted to
ascertain any violation of any tax law whether or not such violation has been reported
to the Service.
(3) In conducting any investigation under subsection (2) of this section, the
Service may cause investigation to be conducted into the properties of any taxable
person if it appears to the Service that the lifestyle of the person and extent of the
properties are not justified by his source of income.
(4) Where any investigation under this section reveals the commission of any
offence or an attempt to commit any offence the Service shall, pursuant to section 48 of
this Act, undertake the prosecution of the offences.
Enforcement 36.-(1) The Service may co-opt the assistance and co-operation of any of the law
of power enforcement agencies in the discharger of its duties under this Act.
(2) The law enforcement officers shall aid and assist an authorized officer in the
execution of any warrant of distraint and the levying of distraint.
(3) Any tax officer armed with the warrant issued by a Judicial officer and
accompanied by a number of law enforcement officers as may be, determined by the
Executive Chairman shall
(a) enter any premises covered by such warrant and search for seize and take
possession of any book, document or other article or suspected to have been used in the
commission of an offence;
(b) inspect, make copies of, or take extracts including digital copies from any
book, record, document or computer, regardless of the medium used for their storage or
maintenance;
(c) Search any person who is in or on such premises
(d) Open, examine and search any article, container or receptacle
(e) open any outer or inner door or window of any premises and enter or otherwise
forcibly enter the premises and every part thereof; or
(f) remove by reasonable force any obstruction to such entry, search, seizure or
removal as he is empowered to effect.
(4) No person shall be bodily searched under this section except by a person who
is of the same gender as the person to be bodily searched.
Federal Inland Revenue Service (Establishment) Act 2007 No. 13 A 181

37.-(1) The Service may, with the approval of the Board, pay any reward to Power to pay
reward
Any person, not being a person employed in the Service, in respect of any information
that may be of assistance to the Service in the performance duties under this Act upon
meeting such conditions as may be determined of its duties under by Act of such reward
shall also be at the discretion of the Board.
(2) The identity of the person who gave information to the Service shall be kept
confidential and any current or former member of the Service or Board that discloses
the identity of such person shall be dealt with in accordance with the provision of
section 39 of this Act with regard to confidential information.
38. An officer of the Service shall be entitled to protection under the Public Immunity
from action,
Officers Protection Act. etc.
Cap. P. 41
LFN 2004

39.-(1) Without prejudice to the provisions of any other Act concerning official Information
and
secrets, all information and documents supplied or produced in pursuance of any documents to
requirement of this Act or the laws listed in the First Schedule to this Act shall be treated be
confidential
as confidential. First
Schedule.
(2) Except as otherwise provided under this Act or as otherwise authorized
by the Minister, any member or former member of the Board or any employee or
former employee of the Service or Ministry who communicates or attempts to
communicate any confidential information or the content of any such document
to any person, commits an offence and shall be liable on conviction to a fine not
exceeding N200,000.00 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 3 years or to
both such fine and imprisonment.

PART VI-OFFENCES AND PENALTIES

40. Any person who being obliged to deduct any tax under this Act or the Failure to
deduct or
laws listed in the First Schedule to this Act, but fails to deduct, or having deducted, remit tax.
fails to pay to the Service within 30 days from the date the amount was deducted First
Schedule
or the time the duty to deduct arose, commits all offence and shall, upon conviction,
be liable to pay thy tax withheld or not remitted in addition to a penalty of 10 per
cent on the tax withheld or not remitted per annum and interest at the prevailing
Central Bank of Nigeria minimum re-discount rate and imprisonment for period of
not more than three years.
41. Any person who Obstruction
etc.
(a) obstructs, hinders, molests or assaults any person or authorized officer in
the performance of any function or the exercise of any power under this Act;
(b) does anything which impedes or is intended to impede the carrying out of
any search, seizure, removal or distraint;
(c) rescues, damages or destroys anything so liable to seizure, removal or
distress or does anything intended to prevent the procuring or giving of evidence
as to whether or not anything is liable to seizure removal or distraint;
A 182 2007 No. 13 Federal Inland Revenue Service (Establishment) Act

(d) prevents the arrest of any person by a person duly engaged or acting or rescues
any person so arrested, commits an offence and shall be liable on conviction to a fine
not exceeding N200,000.00 or imprisonment for a term not exceeding 3 years or to
both fine and imprisonment.

False 42.-(1) If any person


declaration
(a) makes or signs, or causes to be made or signed, delivers or causes to be
delivered to the Service or any officer of the Service, any declaration, notice,
certificate or other document; or
(b) makes any statement in answer to any question or enquiry put to him by an
officer which he is required to answer by or under this Act or any other enactment or
law, being a document or statement produced or made for any purpose of tax, which is
untrue in any material particular, commits a1 offence under this section.

(2) Where by reason of any such document or statement required to be produced


under subsection (1) of this section the full amount of any tax payable is not paid or any
overpayment is made in respect of any repayment of tax, the amount of tax unpaid or
the overpayment shall be recoverable as a debt due to the Service.

(3) Person who commits an offence under this section shall be liable on
conviction to a fine not exceeding N200,000.00 in addition to payment of the amount,
of tax unpaid or overpayment made in respect of and repayment, or to imprisonn1ent
for a term not exceeding 3 years or to both fine and imprisonment.

Counterfeiting 43. Any person who-


documents,
etc. (a) counterfeits or falsifies any document which is required by or for the
First transaction of any business under this Act or any law listed in the First Schedule to this
Schedule. Act;
(b) knowingly accepts, receives or uses any document so counterfeited or
falsified;
(c) alters any such document after it is officially issued;
(d) counterfeits any seal, signature, initial or other mark of, or used by, any officer
for the verification of such a purpose relating to tax; or
(e) being an employee of the Service conspires, connives or participates in the
commission of any of the offences in paragraphs (a) to (d) of this section, Commits an
offence and shall be liable on conviction to a fine not exceeding N200,000.00 or to
imprisonment for a term not exceeding 3 years or to both such fine and imprisonment.

Penalities for 44. Any person who is appointed for the due administration of this Act or
offences by
authorised employed in connection with the assessment and collection of a tax who-
and (a) demands from any company an amount in excess of the authorized assessment
unauthorized
persons of the tax;
(b) withholds for is own use or otherwise any portion of the amount of tax
collected
(c) renders false return, whether orally or in writing, of the amount of tax collected
or received by him;
Federal Inland Revenue Service (Establishment) Act 2007 No. 13 A 183

(d) defrauds any person, embezzles any money or otherwise uses his position to deal
wrongfully with the Service;
(e) steals or misuses the documents of the Service; or
(f) compromises on the assessment or collection of any tax commits an offence
and shall be liable on conviction to a fine equivalent to 200 per cent of the sum in
question or to imprisonment for a term of not exceeding 3 years or to both fine and
imprisonment.

45.- (L) Any person who, in the commission of an offence under this Act, is armed Penalty
where
with any offensive weapon commits an offence and shall be liable on, conviction to offenders are
imprisonment for a term not exceeding 5years. armed.
(2) A person who, while armed with an offensive weapon, causes injury to any
officer or authorized officer of the Service in the performance of any function or duty
under this Act, commits an offence and shall be liable on conviction to imprisonment
for a term not exceeding 10 years.

46. If: for the purpose, of obtaining admission to any building or other place or of Unlawful
doing or procuring to be done any act which he, would not be entitled to do or procure to assumption
of character
be done of his own authority, or for any other unlawful purpose, any person, not being of an
an authorized officer; assumes the name, designation or impersonates the character of authorised
an authorized officer, commits an offence and shall be liable on conviction to a fine not officer.
exceeding N200,000.00 or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding 3 years.

47. The Service shall have powers to employ its own1egal officers who shall have Prosecution.
powers to prosecute any of the offences under this Act subject to the powers of the
Attorney-General of the Federation.

48.-(1) The Service may compound any offence under this Act by accepting a sum Power to
compound
of money not exceeding the maximum fine specified for the offence. offences.
(2) The Service shall issue an official receipt for any money received un-
subsection (1) of this section.

49.-(1) Any person who contravenes any provisions of this Act for which no General
penaly.
specific penalty was provided, commits an offence and shall be liable on conviction to a
time not exceeding N50,000.00 or imprisonment for a term of imprisonment not
exceeding six months or to both fine and imprisonment.

(2)Where an offence under this Act is committed by a body corporate or firm or


other association of individuals
(a) every director, manager, secretary or other, similar officer of the body
corporate;
(b) every partner or officer of the firm;
(c) every person concerned in the management of the affairs of the association ;
or
(d) every person who was purporting to act in any capacity; commits an offence
and shall be liable to be proceeded against and punished for the offence in like manner
as the had himself committed the offence; unless he proves that the act or omission-
constituting the offence took place without his knowledge, consent or connivance.
A 184 2007 No. 13 Federal Inland Revenue Service (Establishment) Act

PART VII - GENERAL PROVISIONS

Official 50.-(1) Every person in an official duty or being employed in the administration
secretary and
confidentiality. of this Act shall regard and deal with all documents, information returns, assessment
list and copies of such list relating to the profits or items of profits of any company, as
secret and confidential.

(2) A person in possession of or control, of any document information, return of


assessment list or copy of such list relating to the income or profit or losses of any
person, who at any time communicates or attempts to communicate such information
or anything contained in such document, return, list or copy to, any person.
(a) other than a person to whom he is authorized' by the Service to communicate
it ;
(b) otherwise than for the purpose of this Act of any enactment in Nigeria
imposing tax on the income of persons, commits an offence under this Act

(3) A person appointed or employed under this Act shall not be required to
produce any return, document or assessment or to divulge or communicate any
information that comes into his possession in the performance of his duties except as
may be necessary in order to institute a prosecution, or in the course of a prosecution for
any offence committee in relation to any tax in Nigeria

(4) Where under any law in force in respect of any double taxation treaty with any
country, provision is made for the allowance of relief from income tax in respect of the
payment of income tax in Nigeria, the obligation as to secrecy imposed by this section
shall not prevent the disclosure to the authorized officers of the Government in that
country of such facts as may be necessary to enable the proper relief to be given in case
where relief is claimed from the tax in Nigeria or from income tax in that country.

(5) where any agreement or arrangement with any other country with respect to
relief for double taxation of income or profits includes provisions for the exchange of
information with that country for the purpose of implementing that relief or preventing
avoidance of tax, the obligation as to secrecy imposed by this section shall not prevent
the disclosure of such information to the authorized officers of the Government of such
country

Board to be 51.-(1) In the exercise of the powers and duties conferred upon the Board by this
subject to Act, the Board shall be subject to the general direction of the Minister and any written
general
direction of direction, order or instruction given by him after consultation with the Executive
the Minister. Chairman shall be carried out by the Board;

Provided that the Minister shall not give any directive, order or instruction in
respect of any particular person which would have the effect of requiring the Board to
increase or decrease any assessment of tax made or to be made or any relief given or to
be given or to defer the collection of any tax or judgment debt due, or which would have
the effect of initiating, forbidding the initiation of withdrawing or altering the normal
course of any proceeding whether civil or criminal, relating either to the recovery of
any tax or to any offence under any of the laws listed in the First Schedule.
Federal Inland Revenue Service (Establishment) Act 2007 No. 13 A 185

(2) In any proceeding whether civil or criminal under this Act or any of the laws First
listed in the First Schedule, any act, matter or thing done by the Service or the Board in schedule.
pursuance of the said laws shall not be subject to challenge on the ground that directive,
order or instruction given by the Minister.

52.- (1) Any power conferred and any duty imposed upon the Board may be Delegation
of power of
exercised or performed by the Board or by an officer authorized generally or the Board.
specifically in that behalf by the Board.

(2) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (1) of this section, the Board
may, at any time and at its discretion, reverse or otherwise modify any decision of any
officer, affecting any tax or taxable income, whether or not the discretion to make the First
decision was conferred on the officer by any law specified in the First Schedule or schedule.
whether or not the officer was authorized by the Service to make the decision, and the
reversal or modification of the decision by the Board shall have effect as if it were the
original decision made in respect of the matter concerned.

(3) an order, ruling or directive made or given by an approved committed of the


Board pursuant to this section shall not be treated as an order, ruling or directive of the
Board, until the order ruling or directive has been ratified by the Board pursuant to the
power vested on the Board under this Act

53. Anything done or required to be done by the Service in pursuance of any of Signification,
First
its powers or duties under this Act or the laws listed the First Schedule may be signified Schedule
under the hand of the Executive Chairman or of an officer who has been authorized by
the Board for the purpose of this section.

54.- (1) If the Service is satisfied that a person who is or was its employment- Impositition
of surcharge.
(a) is or was responsible for any improper payment of moneys from the fund of
the Service or for any payment of such money which is not duly documented;
(b) is or was responsible for any deficiency in, or for the destruction of, any
money, security, store or other property of the Service;
(c) being or having been an officer, fails or has failed to keep proper accounts or
record; or
(d) has failed to make any payment, or is responsible for any delay in the payment
of moneys for the Service to any person to whom such payment is due under any
contract, agreement or arrangement entered into between that person and the Service,
and if a satisfactory explanation is not furnished to the Service within a period specified
by the Board with regard to the failure to collect, improper payment, payment not duly
documented, deficiency or destruction, failure to keep proper accounts or records,
failure to make payment or delay in making payment, the Service may surcharge the
said person such sum as it may think fit.

(2) Any action taken under subsection (1) of this section shall be subject to the
approval of the Board and when such approval is obtained the Executive Chairman
shall notify the person surcharged under this section.
A 186 2007 No. 13 Federal Inland Revenue Service (Establishment) Act

(3) The Board may at any time withdraw any surcharge in respect of which a
satisfactory explanation has been received from the person concerned or if it otherwise
appears that no surcharge should have been made, the Board shall at once inform the
Executive Chairman of such withdrawal.

(4) The amount of any surcharge imposed under subsection (1) of this section and
not withdrawn under subsection (3) of the section shall be a debt to the Service from the
person against whom the surcharge is imposed ad may be sued for and recovered in any
court in any suit initiated by the Services for it recovery and may also be recovered by
deduction from the salary of the person surcharge of the Board so directs.

Limitation of 55.-(1) subject to the provisions of this Act, the provisions of the Public Officers
suits against
the Service, Protection Act shall apply in relation to any suit instituted against any member, officer
etc. or employee of the Service.
Cap. p. 41
LFN 2004.
(2) Notwithstanding anything contained in any other aware enactment, no suit
against the Executive Chairman, a member of the Board, or any other officer or
employee of the Service for any act done in pursuance or execution of this Act or any
other law or enactment, or of any public duty or authority or in respect of any alleged
neglect or default in the execution of this Act or any other law or enactment, duty or
authority, shall lie or be instituted in any court unless it is commenced-

(a) within three months next after the act, neglect or default complained of ; or
(b) in the case of a continuation of damage or injury, within six months next after
the ceasing thereof.

(3) No suit shall be commenced against the Executive Chairman, a member of the
Board, or any other officer or employee of the Service before the expiration of a period
of one month after written notice of the intention to commence the suit shall have been
served on the Service by the intending plaintiff or his agent.

(4) The notice referred to in subsection (3) of this section shall clearly and
explicitly state the-
(a) cause of action;
(b) particulars of claim;
(c) name and place of abode of the intending plaintiff ; and
(d) relief which he claims

Service of 56. A notice, summons or other document required or authorized to be served on


documents.
Service of document the Service under the provisions of this Act or any other law or
enactment may be served by delivering it to the Executive Chairman or by sending it by
registered post addressed to the Executive Chairman at the principal office of the
Service.

Restriction 57.-(1) In any action or suit against the Service, no execution or attachment of
on execution
against
process in the nature thereof shall be issued against the Service unless not less than
property of three months notice of the intention to execute or attach has been given to the Service.
the Service.
Federal Inland Revenue Service (Establishment) Act 2007 No. 13 A 187

(2) Any sum of money which by the judgment of any court has been awarded
against the Service shall, subject to any direction given by the court, where no notice of
appeal against the judgment has been given, be paid from the fund of the Service.

58. The Executive Chairman, a member of the Board or any officer or employee Indemnity.
of the Service shall be indemnified out of the Service against any liability incurred by
him in defending any proceeding, whether civil or criminal if the proceeding is brought
against him in his capacity as Executive Chairman, a member of the Board officer or
other employee of the Service.

59.- (1) A Tax Appeal Tribunal is established as provided for in the fifth Schedule Establishment
of a Tax
to this Act. Appeal
Tribunal.
(2) The Tribunal shall have power to settle disputes arising from the operations of Fifth
this Act and under the first Schedule. Schedule.

PART VIII MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS


60. The Minister may give to the Service or the Executive Chairman such Directive by
the Minister.
directives of a general nature or relating generally to matters of policy with regards to
the exercise of its or his functions as he may consider necessary ad the Service or the
Executive chairman shall comply with the directives or cause them to be complied
with.

61. The Board may with the approval of the Minister, make rules and regulations Power to
make
as in its opinion are necessary or expedient for giving full effect to the provisions of this regulations.
Act and for the due administration of its provisions and may in particular, make
regulations prescribing the-
(a) forms for returns and other information require under this Act or any other
enactment or law ; and
(b) procedure for obtaining any information required under this Act or any other
enactment or law.

62.- (1) Part 1 of the Companies Income Tax Act (in this Act referred to as “the Repeal of
Part 1 of
repealed enactment”) is repealed Cap. 60 LFN
1990
(2) The Federal Board of Inland Revenue established pursuant to the repealed
enactment is dissolve.
(3) The repeal of the enactment specified in subsection (9) of this section shall not
affect anything done or purported to have been done under the repealed enactment.

63.- (1) Notwithstanding anything to the contrary in this Act, a director, Savings and
Transitional
employee, staff or officer, who immediately before the commencement of this Act held provisions
office in the Federal Board of Inland Revenue (including the Federal Inland Revenue relating to
Service hereinafter referred to as “the former Board”) existing immediately before the staff to
employees.
commencement of this Act and who has been made an offer of employment by the
Service, is deemed to have been transferred to the Service established under this Act on
terms and conditions not less favourable than those obtaining immediately
A 188 2007 No. 13 Federal Inland Revenue Service (Establishment) Act

before the commencement of this Act and service or employment in the former Board is
deemed to be service or employment in the service established under this Act for
purposes of pension

(2) Every director, employee, staff or officer transferred into the service by virtue
of subsection (1) of this section shall notify the service established under this Act in
writing 60 day after the commencement of this Act or after he receives an offer of
appointment from the Board (which ever is later) of his acceptance and any director,
employee, staff or officer who fails to notify the service is deemed to have rejected the
offer.

(3) Any director, employee, staff or officer referred to in subsection (2) is deemed
to be an employee of the service established under this Act, beginning on the day that
this Act comes into force and ending on the expiry of the period of grace under
subsection (2) or on the day of his written refusal and the service established under this
Act of is deemed to be his employee for all purposes during that period.

(4) An employee who is not transferred or who refuses the transfer or a job offer
made by the Board established under this Act, as specified in subsection (1) of this
section, shall be transferred to the Head of the Civil service of the federation for
redeployment in the Civil service of the federation within the time specified in
subsection (2) of this section.

Other 64.- (1) There shall be vested in the service established under this Act and within
savings and
transitional
further assurance, al assets, funds, resources and other immovable property which
provisions. immediately before the commencement of this Act were vested in the former Board
existing immediately before the commencement of this Act.

(2) All right, interest, obligation and liabilities of the former Board existing
immediately before the commencement of this Act under any contract or instrument, or
in law or in equity apart from any contract or instrument shall by virtue of this Act be
assigned to and vested in the service established under this Act.

(3) Any contract or instrument referred to in subsection (2) of this section shall be
of the same force and effect against or in favour of the service established under this Act
and shall be enforceable as fully and effectively as if, instead of the former Board
existing immediately before the commencement of this Act the service established
under this Act had been named or had been a party.

(4) The service established under this Act shall be subject to all obligations and
liabilities to which the former Board existing immediately before the commencement
of the Act, and all other persons shall as from the commencement of this Act have the
same rights, powers and remedies against service as they had former Board existing
immediately before the commencement of this Act.

(5) Any proceeding or cause of action pending or existing immediately before the
commencement of this Act by or against the former Board existing immediately before
the commencement of this Act in respect of any right, obligation or liability of the
former Board may be continued, or as the case may require, be
Federal Inland Revenue Service (Establishment) Act 2007 No. 13 A 189

commenced and the determination of a court of law, tribunal or other authority or


person may be enforce by or against the service to the same extent that such cause of
action or determination might have been continued, or enforce by or against the former
Board as if Act had not been made.

(6) Any regulation, order, bye-law or notice made or issued or deemed to be made
or issued by, or for the purposes of, the former Board existing immediately before the
commencement of this Act shall be deemed to have been made or issued by or for the
purposes of the service and shall continue in force until revoked or as amended, subject
to such modifications as may be applicable to the service established under this Act.

65. Subject to the provisions of this Act , the Executive Chairman of the former Constitution
of Board
Board is Deemed to have been transferred to the service established under this Act in members.
the same capacity.

66.-(1) As from the commencement of this Act, any disciplinary proceeding Continuation
pending or existing against any employee of the government who has opted into the and
completion
service of the former Board, shall be continued and completed by the Board established of
under this Act. disciplinary
proceedings.
(2) An appeal or grievance already filed but which has not been finally disposed
of on the coming into force of this Act shall be dealt with and disposed of in accordance
with the public service Rules as if this Act had not come into force.

67.-(1) The administration and control of all rights obligations and liabilities that Rights and
obligations
were under the administration and control of the former Board are hereby transferred transferred.
to the service established under this Act.

(2) The administration of any real property that were immediately before the
coming into force of this section under the administration or administrative
responsibility of the former Board or its agencies or bodies for the purposes of that
former Board are transferred to the Service established under this Act.

(3) All orders, rulers, regulations, decisions, directions, licenses, authorizations,


certificates, consents, approvals, declarations, designations, permits registration, rates
or other documents that are in force before the coming into force of this Act and that are
made or issued by the Minister, Chairman of the former Board or any person under their
control shall continue in force as if they were made, or issued by the Minister, the Board
established under this Act, the Executive Chairman or an employee of the Service as
the case may, be until they expire or are repealed, replaced, rescinded or altered.

(4) Every reference to the former Board, the Minister, Chairman or any person
under their control or a document issued in the name of the former Board, Minister,
Chairman or employee of the former Board to be read, unless the context otherwise
requires, an reference to the Service, the Minister, Board, Executive Chairman, or an
employee of the Service established under this Act, as the case may be.
A 190 2007 No. 13 Federal Inland Revenue Service (Establishment) Act

(5) Every affidavit sworn or document duly certified by an officer in the Service
of the Federal Board of Inland Revenue before the coming into force of this Act has the
same probative value as if it were sworn or certified by an employee of the Service on
or after that day.

Relevance of 68.-(1) Notwithstanding the provisions of this Act, the relevant provisions of all
other laws. existing enactment including, but not limited to, the laws in the first Schedule shall be
read with such modifications a to bring them into conformity with the provisions of the
of Act.

(2) If the provisions of any other law, including the enactments in the first
First Schedule are inconsistent with the provisions of this Act, the provisions of this Act, the
Schedule.
provisions of this Act shall prevail and the provisions of that law shall to the extent of
the inconsistency be void.

Interpretation. 69. In this Act-


“authorized officer” means any person employed in the Service or, for the time
being, performing duties in relation to tax who has been specific authorized by the
Board or the Executive Chairman to perform or carry out specific functions under this
Act;
“Board” means the management Board of the Service established under section
3 91) of this Act;
“book” includes any register, document or other record of information and any
account or accounting record however complied, recorder or stored, whether in written
or printed form or micro-film, digital, magnetic or electronic form or otherwise;
“Chairman” means the Chairman of the Board appointed pursuant to section 3
(2) (a) of this Act;
“consultants” includes accountant, legal practitioners or any other recognized
professionals that have been certified by their relevant professional bodies in Nigeria;
“document” includes any record of information Supporting accounts and
accounting records, including reports or correspondences or memoranda or minutes of
meeting, however complied, recorded or stored, whether in written or printed form or
micro-film, digital, magnetic, electronic or optical form or otherwise and all types of
information stored in computer and any other similar equipment;
“Executive Chairman” means the Executive Chairman of the Service appointed
under section 11 of this Act;
“Government” means the Government of the Federation and shall include the
federal Capital Territory or, as the case may be, a Government of a State;
“Gross misconduct” referred to in section 5 (g) has the meaning ascribed to it in
the Public Service Rules:
“member” means a member of the Board appointed under section 3 of this Act
and includes the Chairman :
“Minister” means the Minister charged with responsibility for matters relating
to finance and “Ministry” shall be constructed accordingly;
“non-oil revenue collected” shall be construed to refer to all revenue collected
other than revenue derivable from petroleum profit tax;
Federal Inland Revenue Service (Establishment) Act 2007 No. 13 A 191

“officer” means any person employed in the Service;


“person” includes a company or body corporate and any unincorporated body of
persons;
“president” means the President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria ;
“private dwelling” means any building or part of a building occupied as
residential accommodation (including any garage, shed and other building used in
connection therewith);
“Service” means the Federal Inland Revenue Service established under section 1
of this Act.
“Special Purpose Tax Officer” for this purpose refers to specially designated
Tax Officers for the Purpose pf tax investigation and tax enforcement who shall be
appointed from time to time and shall have the powers of Police Officers ;
“tax” includes any duty, levy or revenue accruable to the government in full or in part
under this Act, the laws listed in the first Schedule to this act or any other enactment or
law;
“taxable person” includes an individual or body of individuals, family,
corporations sole, trustee or executor or a person who carries out an economic activity
in a place, a person exploiting tangible property for the purpose of obtaining income by
way of trade or business or person or agency of government acting in that capacity.

70. This Act may be cited as the Federal Inland Revenue Service Short Title
(Establishment) Act, 2007
A 192 2007 No. 13 Federal Inland Revenue Service (Establishment) Act

SCHEDULES
FIRST SCHEDULE Section 2, 25 and 68
LEGISLATIONS ADMINISTERED BY THE SERVICE

1. Companies Income Tax Act Cap. 60 LFN, 1990


2. Petroleum Profits Tax Act Cap. 354 LFN, 1990
3. Personal Income Tax Act No. 104, 1993
4. Capital Gains Tax Act Cap. 42 LFN, 1990
5. Value Added Tax Act 1993 No. 102, 1993
6. Stamp Duty Act Cap. 411 LFN, 1990
7. Taxes and Levies (Approved List for Collection) Act 1998 No 2, 1998.
8. All regulations, proclamation, government notices or rules issued in terms of
these legislations
9. Any other law for the assessment, collection and accounting or revenue
accruable to the Government of the Federation as may be made by the national
Assembly from time to time or regulation incidental to those laws, conferring any
power, duty and obligation on the Service.

10. Enactment or laws imposing Taxes and Levies within the Federal Capital
Territory.
11. Enactment or laws imposing collection of taxes, fees and levies collected by
other government agencies and companies including signature bonus, pipeline fees,
penalty for gas flared, depot levies and licences, fees for Oil Exploration Licence
(OEL), Oil Mining Licence (ONL), Oil Production Licence (OPL), royalties, rents
(productive and Non-productive), fees and all such fees prevalent in the oil industry but
not limited to the above listed.

SECOND SCHEDULE
SUPPLEMENTARY PROVISIONS RELATING TO THE BOARD
Proceedings of the Board
1. Subject to this Act and section 27 of the Interpretation Act, the Board shall
have power to regulate its proceedings and may make standing order with respect to the
holding of its meetings, and those of its committees, notices to be given, the keeping of
minutes of its proceedings, the custody and production for inspection of such minutes
ad such other matters as the Board may, form time to time determine.
2.-(1) There shall be at least four ordinary meetings of the Board in every
calendar year and subject thereto, the Board shall meet whenever it is convened by the
Chairman, and if the Chairman is requested to do so by notice given to him by not less
than four other members, he shall convene a meeting of the Board to be held within 14
days from the date on which the notice was given.
Federal Inland Revenue Service (Establishment) Act 2007 No. 13 A 193

(2) Every meeting of the Board shall be presided over by the Chairman and if
the Chairman is unable to attend a particular meeting, the members present at the
meeting shall elect one of them to preside at the meeting.
3. The quorum of any meeting of the Board shall consist of the Chairman (or in
an appropriate case, the person presiding at the meeting pursuant to paragraph 2 of this
Schedule) and four other member, except that any quorum must include at least two
members outside the Service.
4. The Board shall meet for the conduct of its business at such places and on such
days as the Chairman may appoint.
5. A question put before the Board at a meeting shall be decided by consensus
and where this is not possible, by a majority of the votes of the members present and
voting.
6. The Chairman shall, in the case of an equality of votes, have a casting vote in
addition to his deliberative vote.
7. Where the Board seeks the advice of any person on a particular matter, the
Board invite that person to attend for such period as it deems fit, but a person who is
invited by virtue of this paragraph shall not be entitled to vote at any meeting of the
Board and shall not count towards the quorum.

Committees
8. The Board may appoint one or more committees to carry out on behalf of the
Board such of its functions as the Board may determine and report on any matter with
which the Board is concerned.
9. A committee appointed under paragraph 8 of this Schedule shall be presided
over by a member of the Board and shall consist of such member of persons not
necessarily all members of the Board) as may be determined by the Board, and a
person other than a member of the Board shall hold office on the committee in
accordance with the terms of his appointment.
10. A decision of a committee of the Board shall be of no effect until it is
confirmed by the Board

Miscellaneous
11. The fixing of the seal of the Service shall be authenticated by the signature of
the Executive Chairman and the Secretary to the Board or the Executive Chairman and
such other person authorized by the Board to act for that purpose.
12. A contract or an instrument which, if made or executed by any person not
being a body corporate, would not be required to be under seal, may be made or
executed on behalf of the Service by the Executive Chairman or by any person
generally or specifically authorized to act for that purpose by the Board.
13. A document purporting to be a contract, an instrument or other document
signed or sealed on behalf of the Service shall be received in evidence and, unless the
contrary is proved, be presumed without further proof, to have been properly signed or
sealed.
A 194 2007 No. 13 Federal Inland Revenue Service (Establishment) Act

14. The validity of any proceeding of the Board or its committees shall not be
affected by
(a) any vacancy in the membership of the Board or its committees;
(b) reason that a person not entitled to do so took part in the proceedings; or
(c) any defect in the appointment of a member

15. Any member of the Board or committee who has a personal interest in any
contract or arrangement entered into or proposed to be considered by the Board or any
committee shall -
(a) disclose his interest to the board or committee ; and
(b) not vote on any question relating to the contract or arrangement

THIRD SCHEDULE Sections 29(7) (a)

FORM OF AUTHORISATION TO ACCESS LANDS, BUILDINGS, BOOKS AND DOCUMENTS

To……………………………………………………………………………………
The Federal Inland Revenue Service, by virtue of the powers vested in it by section 29
of the Federal Inland Revenue Service Act 2007, hereby authorizes you to enter the
premises, office, place of management or residence of any person, the principal officer,
agent factor or representative or any person who has been suspected by the Service of
fraud, evasion, willful default, etc., in connection with a tax due to government; and
whose premises, office, place of management or residence of the principal officer,
agent factor or representative is at……………………………………………………..
………………………………………………………………....……………. and for
carrying out your assignment thereof further authorize you, with the aid of any police
officer (if necessary), which assistance he is hereby required to give, search and remove
(if necessary) such records, books and documents wherever they may be found either in
possession of any person in respect of who the tax remains unpaid. And for the purpose
of this assignment you are hereby authorized, if necessary, with such assistance as
aforesaid to break open any building or place in the daytime.
SIGNED and issued under the hand of the Executive Chairman

...................................................................... at ............................................................

This ........................................... day of ..............................20 ..................

.....................................................
Executive Chairman

.....................................................
Judicial Officer
Federal Inland Revenue Service (Establishment) Act 2007 No. 13 A 195

FOURTH SCHEDULE Sections 33 (2)

FORM OD WARRANT OF DISTRAINT

To..................................................................................................................................
Name Company ............................................................................................................
Amount of tax to be levied by distress (c).......................................................................

The Federal Inland Revenue Service, in exercise of power vested in it by section 33 of


the Federal Inland Revenue Service Act, 2007, hereby authorizes you to collect and
recover the sum of .................................. being arrears of tax due for the years of
assessment hereinafter mentioned from the above named company whose place of
business is at (d) ; ............................................... and for the recovery thereof the said
Service further authorizes that you, with the aid (if necessary) of your assistants and
calling to your assistance any police officer (if necessary) which assistance he is by law
required to give, do forthwith levy by distraint, the said sum together with the costs and
charges of and incidental to the taking and keeping of such distraint, on goods, chattels,
land, premises, or other distrainable things of the said company wherever the same may
be found and on all goods which you may find in any premises or on any land in the used
of or possession of the said company or any other person on its behalf or in trust for the
company.

And for the purpose of levying such distraint you are hereby authorized, if necessary,
with such assistance as aforesaid to break open any building or place in the day time

Year of No. of Notice of Amount of Tax due


Assessment Assessment N : K

(i) .................................. .................................. ..................................


(ii) .................................. .................................. ..................................
(iii) .................................. .................................. ..................................
SIGNED and issued under the hand of the Executive Chairman of the Federal Inland
Revenue Service at .................................this...............day of....................20................

Signature (f)..................................
Executive Chairman
Federal inland Revenue Service
A 196 2007 No. 13 Federal Inland Revenue Service (Establishment) Act

SCHEDULE
FIFTH SCHEDULE Sections 59 (1)

ESTABLISHMENT, JURISDICTION, AUTHORITY AND PROCEDURE OF


THE TAX APPEAL TRIBUNAL
Establishment of Tax Appeal Tribunals
1.-(1) Pursuant to section 59 (1) of this Act, there shall be established a Tax
Appeal Tribunal (hereinafter referred to as “the Tribunal”) to exercise the jurisdiction,
powers and authority conferred on it by or under this Schedule.
(2) The Minister may by notice in the Federal Gazette specify the number of
zones, matters and places in relation to which the Tribunal may exercise jurisdiction.
Composition of the Tribunal
2.-(1) A Tribunal shall consist of five members (hereinafter referred to as “Tax
Appeal Commissioners”0 to be appointed by the Minister.

(2) A Chairman for each zone shall be a legal practitioner who has been so
qualified to practice for a period of not less than 15 years with cognate experience in tax
legislation and tax matters.
(3) A Chairman shall preside at every sitting of the Tribunal and in his absence the
members shall appoint one of them to be the Chairman.
(4) The quorum at any sitting of the Tribunal shall be three members.

Qualifications for appointment as a Tax Appeal Commissioner


(3) A person shall not be Qualified for appointment as a Tax Appeal
commissioner unless he is knowledgeable about the laws, regulations, norms, practices
and operations of taxation in Nigeria as well as persons that have shown capacity in the
Management of trade or business or a retired public servant in tax administration.
Terms of office
4. A Tax Appeal Commissioner shall hold office for a term of three years,
renewable for another term of three years only and no more, from the date on which he
assumes his office or until he attains the age of 70 years whichever is earlier.
Resignation and Removal
5. A Tax Appeal Commissioner may by notice in writing under his hand
addressed to the minister resign his office;
Provision that the Tax Appeal Commissioner shall, unless he is permitted by the
Minister to relinquish his office sooner, continue to hold office until the expiry of three
months from the date of receipt of such notice or until a person duly appointed as his
successor assumes his office or until the expiry of his term of office, whichever is
earlier.
(2) A Tax Appeal Commissioner may be removed from office by the Minister
on the grounds of gross misconduct or incapacity after due inquiry has been made
and
Federal Inland Revenue Service (Establishment) Act 2007 No. 13 A 197

the Tax Appeal commissioner concerned has been informed or the reasons for his
removal and given an opportunity of being heard in respect of the reasons.

Salary, Allowances and Conditions of Service of Tax Appeal Commissioners


6. The salary and allowances payable to and the terms and conditions of service
of the Tax appeal Commissioners shall be determined by the Revenue mobilization
allocation and Fiscal commission and shall be prescribed in their Letters of
appointment;
Provision that neither the salary and allowance nor the other terms and conditions of
service of a Tax Appeal Commissioner shall be varied to his disadvantage after
appointment.
Filling Up of Vacancies
7. If for reason other than temporary absence, any vacancy occurs in the office of
a Tax Appeal Commissioner, then the Minister shall appoint another person in
accordance with the provisions of this Act to fill the vacancy.
Order Constituting a Tribunal to be final
8. The question as to the validity of the appointment of any person as a Tax
Appeal Commissioner shall not be the cause of any litigation in any court or tribunal
and no act or proceedings before the Tribunal shall be called into question in any
manner on the ground merely of any defect in the constitution of the Tribunal.
Secretary to the Tribunal
9. (1) The Minister shall appoint for each place or zone where the Tribunal is to
exercise jurisdiction a Secretary who shall-
(a) subject to the general control of the Tax Appeal Commissioners, be
responsible for keeping records of the proceedings of the Tribunal.
(b) be the head of the secretariat and responsible for
(i) the day-to-day administration; and
(ii) the direction and control of all other employees of the Tribunal
(2) The official address of the Secretary appointed for each zone shall be
published in the Federal Gazette.

Other Staff of the Tribunal, etc.


10.-(1) The Minister shall appoint such other employees as he may deem
necessary for the efficient performance of the function of the Tribunal and the
remuneration of persons so employed shall be determined by the National Salaries and
Wages Commission.

(2) It is declared that employment in the Tribunal shall be subject to the


provisions of the Pension Reform Act and, accordingly, officers and employees of the
Service shall be entitled to pensions and other retirement benefits as are prescribed
under the Pension Reform Act.
A 198 2007 No. 13 Federal Inland Revenue Service (Establishment) Act

Jurisdiction of the Tribunal, etc


11.-(1) The Tribunal shall have power to adjudicate on disputes, and
controversies arising from the following tax laws (hereinafter referred to as ‘the tax
laws’)-
(i) Companies Income Tax Act, CAP, 60 LFN ; 1990.
(ii) Personal Income Tax Act No. 104, 1993
(iii) Petroleum Profits Tax Act CAP. 354 LFN ; 1990 ;
(iv) Value Added Tax Act No. 102 ; 19993;
(v) Capital Gains Tax Act CAP. 42 LFN ; 1990, and
(vi) any other law contained in or specified in the first Schedule to this Act or
other laws made or to be made from time to time by the national Assembly.
(2) The Tribunal shall apply such provisions of the tax laws referred to in
subparagraph (1) of this paragraph as may be applicable in the determination or
resolution of any dispute or controversy before it.
Criminal Prosecution
12. Where in the course of its adjudication, the Tribunal discovers evidence of
possible criminality, the Tribunal shall be obliged to pass such information to the
appropriate criminal prosecuting authorities, such as the office of the Attorney-General
of the Federation or the Attorney General of any state of the Federation or any relevant
law enforcement agency.
Appeals from Decisions of the Service
13.-(1) A person aggrieved by an assessment or demand notice made upon him by
the Service or aggrieved by any action or decision of the Service under the provisions of
the tax laws referred to in paragraph 11, may appeal against such decision or
assessment or demand notice within the period stipulated under this Schedule to the
Tribunal.
(2) An appeal under this schedule shall be filed within a period of 30 days from
the date on which a copy of the order or decision which is being appealed against is
made, or deemed to have bee made by the Service and it shall be in such form and be
accompanied by such fee as may be prescribed provided that the Tribunal may entertain
an appeal after the expiry of the said period of 30 days if it is satisfied that there was
sufficient cause for t e delay.
(3) Where a notice of appeal is not given by the appellant as required under
subparagraph (1) of this paragraph within the period specified, the assessment or
demand notices shall become final and conclusive and the Service may charge interest
and penalties in addition to recovering the outstanding tax liabilities which remain
unpaid from any person through proceedings at the Tribunal.

Appeals by the Service


14. Service aggrieved by the non-compliance by a person in respect of any
provision of the tax laws, it may appeal to the Tribunal where the person is resident
giving notice in writing through the Secretary to the appropriate zone of the Tribunal.
Federal Inland Revenue Service (Establishment) Act 2007 No. 13 A 199

Procedure before Tax Appeal Tribunal

15.-(1) As often as may be necessary, Tax Appeal Commissioners shall meet to


hear appeals in the jurisdiction or zone assigned to that Tribunal.

(2) Where Tax Appeal Commissioner has a direct or indirect financial interest in
any appeal pending before the Tribunal or where the taxpayer is or was a client of that
Tax Appeal Commissioner in his professional capacity, he shall declare such interest to
the other Tax Appeal Commissioners and refrain sitting in any meeting for the hearing
of that appeal.

(3) The Secretary to the Tribunal Shall give seven clear days notice to the Service and to
the appellant of the date and place fixed for the hearing of each Appeal except in respect
of any adjourned hearing for which the Tax Appeal Commissioners have fixed a date at
their previous hearing

(4) All notices documents, other than decisions Tribunal, may be signified under
the hand of the secretary.
(5) All appeals before the Tax Appeal Commissioners shall be held in public.
(6) The onus of proving that the assessment complained of is excessive shall be
on the appellant.
(7) At the hearing of any appeal if the representative of the Service proves to the
satisfaction of the Tribunal hearing the appeal in the first instance that
(a) the appellant has for the year of assessment concerned, failed to prepare and
deliver to the Service returns required to be furnished under the relevant provisions of
the tax laws mentioned in paragraph 11;
(b) the appeal is frivolous or vexatious or is an abuse of the appeal process; or
(c) it is expedient to require the appellant to pay an amount as security for
prosecuting the appeal, the Tribunal may adjourn the hearing of the appeal to any
subsequent day and order the appellant to deposit with the Service, before thee day of
the adjourned hearing, an amount, on account of the tax charged by the assessment
under appeal, equal to the tax charged upon the appellant for the preceding year of
assessment or one half of the tax charged by the assessment under appeal, which ever is
the lesser plus a sum equal to ten percent of the said deposit, and if the appellant fails to
comply with the order, the assessment against which he has appealed shall be
confirmed and the appellant shall have no further right of appeal with respect to that
assessment.
(8) The Tribunal may, after giving the parties an opportunity of being heard,
confirm, reduce, increase or annual the assessment or make any such order as it deems
fit.
(9) Every decision of the Tribunal shall be recorded in writing by the Chairman
and subject to the provisions of paragraph 16, a certified copy of such decision shall be
supplied to the appellant or the Service by the Secretary, upon a request made within
30days of such decision.
A 200 2007 No. 13 Federal Inland Revenue Service (Establishment) Act

(10) Where upon the hearing or an appeal


(a) no accounts, books or records relating to profit were produced by or on behalf
of the appellant ;
(b) such accounts, books or records were so produced but rejected by the Tribunal
on the ground that it had been shown to its satisfaction that they were incomplete or
unsatisfactory.
(c) the appellant or his representative, at the hearing of the appeal, has neglected
or refused to comply with a notice delivered or sent to him by the Secretary to the
Tribunal, without showing any reasonable cause ; or
(d) the appellant or any person employed, whether confidentially or otherwise;
by the appellant or his agent (other than his legal practitioner or accountant acting for
him in connection with his ability to tax) has refused to answer any question put to him
by the Tribunal, without showing any reasonable cause the Chairman of the Tribunal
shall record particulars of the same in his written decision.

Procedure following decision of the Tribunal


16.-(1) Notice of the amount of the tax chargeable under the assessment as
determined by the Tribunal shall be served by the Service upon taxpayer or upon the
person in whose name such taxpayer is chargeable.
(2) An award or judgment of the Tribunal shall be enforced as if it were a
judgment of the Federal high court upon registration of a copy of such award or
judgment with the chief Registrar of the Federal High Court by the party seeking to
enforce the award or judgment.
(3) Notwithstanding that an appeal is pending, tax shall be paid in accordance
with the decision of the Tribunal within one month of notification of the amount of the
tax payable in pursuance of subparagraph (1) of this paragraph.

Appeal to the Federal High Court

17.-(1) Any person dissatisfied with a decision of the Tribunal constituted under
this Schedule may appeal against such decision on a point of law to the Federal High
Court upon giving notice in writing to the Secretary to the Tribunal within 30 days after
the date on which such decision was given.
(2) A notice of appeal filed pursuant to subparagraph (1) of this paragraph shall
set out all the grounds of law on which the appellant's case is based.
(3) If the Service is dissatisfied with the decision of the Tribunal, it may appeal
against such decision to the Federal High Court on points of law by giving notice in
writing as specified in subsection (1) of this section to the Secretary within 30days after
the date on which such decision was given.
(4) Upon receipt of a notice of appeal under subparagraph (1) or (2) of this
paragraph, the Secretary to the Tribunal shall cause the notice to be given to the Chief
Registrar of the Federal High Court along with all the exhibits tendered at the hearing
before the Tribunal.
Federal Inland Revenue Service (Establishment) Act 2007 No. 13 A 201

(5) The Chief judge of the Federal High court may make rules providing for the
procedure in respect of appeals made under this Act and until such rules are made, the
Federal High Court rules relating to hearing of appeals shall apply to the hearing of an
appeal under this Act.

Right to Legal Representative

18.-(1) A complainant or appellant, as the case may be, may either appear in
person or authorize one or more legal practitioners or any of its officers to represent him
or its case before the Tribunal.
(2) Every individual or company in a case before the Tribunal shall be entitled to
be represented at the hearing of an appeal by a solicitor or chartered accountant or
adviser provided that, if the person appointed by the taxpayer to be representative in
any matter before the Tribunal is unable for good cause to attend hearing thereof, the
Tribunal may adjourn the hearing for such reasonable time as it deems fit, or admit the
appeal to be made by some other person or by way of a written address.

Application of Statute of Limitation


19. The provisions of any statute of limitation shall not apply to any appeal
brought before the Tribunal.

Powers and procedures of the Tribunal

20.-(1) The Tribunal may make rules regulating its procedures


(2) The Tribunal shall, for the purposes of discharging its functions under this
Schedule, have power to
(i) summon and enforce the attendance of any person and examine him on oath;
(ii) require the discovery and production of documents;
(iii) receive evidence on affidavits ;
(iv) call for the examination of witnesses or documents ;
(v) review its decisions
(vi) dismiss an application for default or deciding matters exparte;
(vii) set aside any order or dismissal of any application for default or any order
passed by it exparte ; and
(viii) do anything which in the opinion of the Tribunal is incidental or ancillary to
its functions under this Schedule.
(3) Any proceeding before the Tribunal shall be deemed to be a judicial
proceeding and the Tribunal shall be deemed to be a civil court for all purposes.

Minister to make Rule and Regulations


21. The Minister may make rules prescribing the procedure to be followed in the
conduct of appeals before the Tribunal.

Costs
22. Each party to an appeal shall bear its own cost .
SCHEDULE TO VALUE ADDED TAX (AMENDMENT) BILL, 2007.

( I) (2) (3) (4) (5)


Short Title of Long Title of the Summary of the Date passed by Date passed by
The Bill Bill Contents of the Bill the Senate The House of
Representatives

Federal inland An Act to provide for the This Bill provides for the 20th February 2007 21ts February 2007
Revenue Service establishment of the Federal establishment of the Federal Inland
(Establishment) Inland Revenue Service Revenue Service charged with
Bill, 2007 charged with powers of powers of assessment, collection
assessment, collection of, of, and accounting for revenues
and accounting for; accruable to the Government of the
revenues, accruable to the Federation ; and for related matters.
Government of the
Federation; and for related
matters.

I certify that this Bill has been carefully compared by me with the decision reached by the National Assembly and found by me to be true
and correct decision of the Houses and is in accordance with the provisions of the Acts Authentication Act Cap. 4, Laws of the Federation of
Nigeria 1990.

NASIRU IBAHIM ARAB,


Clerk to the National Assembly
I ASSENT
16th Day of April, 2007

CHIEF OLUSEGUN OBASANJO, GCFR


LS President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria
16th Day of April, 2007
A 202 2007 No. 13 Federal Inland Revenue Service (Establishment) Act

Further Appeals

23. An Appeal against the decision of the Federal High Court at the instance of
either party shall lie to the Court of Appeal.

I certify, in accordance with section 2 (1) of the Acts Authentication Act, Cap. 4,
Laws of the Federation of Nigeria 1990, that this is a true copy of the Bill passed by both
Houses of the National Assembly.

NASIRU IBAHIM ARAB,


Clerk to the National Assembly
16th Day of April, 2007

EXPLANATORY MEMORANDUM

This Act dissolves the Federal Board of Inland Revenue and establishes the
Federal Inland Revenue Service as an autonomous parastatal charge with the functions
of administering the various Federal Tax laws in Nigeria including all the functions that
were initially performed by the Federal Board of Inland Revenue.