Paper - I Principles of Geography Physical Geography: 1.

Geomorphology: Factors controlling landform development; endogenetic and exogenetic forces; Origin and evolution of the earth’s crust; Fundamentals of geomagnetism; Physical conditions of the earth’s interior; Geosynclines; Continental drift; Isostasy; Plate tectonics; Recent views on mountain building; Vulcanicity; Earthquakes and Tsunamis; Concepts of geomorphic cycles and Landscape development ; Denudation chronology; Channel morphology; Erosion surfaces; Slope development ; Applied Geomorphology : Geohydrology, economic geology and environment. 2. Climatology: Temperature and pressure belts of the world; Heat budget of the earth; Atmospheric circulation; atmospheric stability and instability. Planetary and local winds; Monsoons and jet streams; Air masses and fronto genesis, Temperate and tropical cyclones; Types and distribution of precipitation; Weather and Climate; Koppen’s, Thornthwaite’s and Trewartha’s classification of world climates; Hydrological cycle; Global climatic change and role and response of man in climatic changes, Applied climatology and Urban climate. 3. Oceanography: Bottom topography of the Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans; Temperature and salinity of the oceans; Heat and salt budgets, Ocean deposits; Waves, currents and tides; Marine resources: biotic, mineral and energy resources; Coral reefs, coral bleaching; sea level changes; law of the sea and marine pollution. 4. Biogeography: Genesis of soils; Classification and distribution of soils; Soil profile; Soil erosion, Degradation and conservation; Factors influencing world distribution of plants and animals; Problems of deforestation and

the limits to growth. patterns of world trade. Dichotomy and dualism. Environmentalism. effects and remedies. 5. Human development index. Perspectives in Human Geography: Areal differentiation. World resources and their distribution. behavioural. Biodiversity and sustainable development. World industries: locational patterns and problems. 3. concepts of overunder-and optimum population. Environmental Geography: Principle of ecology. Influence of man on ecology and environment. Human Geography: 1. Energy crisis. Food security. world population problems and policies. religions and secularisation. Global and regional ecological changes and imbalances.conservation measures. Environmental education and legislation. Population and Settlement Geography: Growth and distribution of world population. . Languages. Urban morphology: Concepts of primate city and rank-size rule. Environmental policy. Hierarchy of urban settlements. Economic Geography: World economic development: measurement and problems. Types and patterns of rural settlements. Population theories. regional synthesis. Population as social capital. Social well-being and quality of life. agricultural inputs and productivity. 2. human and welfare approaches. Major gene pool centres. Causes and consequences of migration. Food and nutrition problems. Wild life. demographic attributes. Ecosystem their management and conservation. radical. famine: causes. management and conservation. agro-forestry. Environmental degradation. Environmental issues in rural settlements. Social forestry. Quantitative revolution and locational analysis. Human ecological adaptations. World agriculture: typology of agricultural regions. Environmental hazards and remedial measures. Cultural regions of the world.

energy. crop combination. Energy crisis. Mechanism of Indian monsoons and rainfall patterns. Growth centres and growth poles. Regional Planning: Concept of a region. Paper – II Geography of India 1. Forest and wild life resources and their conservation. Weber’s model of industrial location. Satellite towns. minerals. seeds. Planning for sustainable development. Natural vegetation. Climatic regions. Regional imbalances.Perroux and Boudeville. Ostov’s model of stages of growth. Types of regions and methods of regionalisation. land capability. Institutional factors: land holdings. 4. environmental issues in regional planning. Physiographic regions. Theories and Laws in Human Geography: Systems analysis in Human geography. fertilizers. Agriculture: Infrastructure: irrigation. Resources: Land. surface and ground water. Physical Setting: Space relationship of India with neighboring countries. Drainage system and watersheds. Problems and remedies of urbanization. Rural . Heartland and Rimland theories. power. regional development strategies. 2. Structure and relief. Marxian and demographic transition models. Soil types and their distributions. Tropical cyclones and western disturbances. Malthusian. agricultural intensity. land tenure and land reforms. Models.Functional classification of towns. Green revolution and its socioeconomic . Floods and droughts. 3. Sustainable development of cities. biotic and marine resources. Sphere of urban influence. Cropping pattern. Von Thunen’s model of agricultural location. Laws of international boundaries and frontiers. Central Place theories of Christaller and Losch. Agro and socialforestry. 5.urban fringe. agricultural productivity.

culture. automobile. Special Economic Zones. major tribes. dependency ratio. Tourism including eco -tourism. cultural regions. apiculture and poultry. work-force. Communication and Trade: Road.regional and international) and associated problems. agro. literacy rate. airway and pipeline networks and their complementary roles in regional development. Conurbations and metropolitan regions. Growth. patterns and morphology of rural settlements. tribal areas and their problems. Morphology of Indian cities. migration (inter-regional. waterway. Industrial houses and complexes including public sector undertakings. age structure. agricultural regionalisation. textile. 5. New industrial policies. Industry: Evolution of industries. jute. 6. Developments in communication and information technology and their impacts on economy and society. Transport. fertilizer. Settlements: Types. Urban developments. 4. distribution and density of population.and ecological implications. Livestock resources and white revolution. Trade balance.ecological regions. Cultural Setting: Historical Perspective of Indian Society. Growing importance of ports on national and foreign trade. 7. urban sprawl. Health indicators. Functional classification of Indian cities. intra. religious minorities. Slums and . chemical and pharmaceutical. railway. Demographic attributes: sex-ratio. linguistic and ethnic diversities. Racial. aqua . Population problems and policies. sericulture. iron and steel. Significance of dry farming. Export processing zones. Industrial regionalisation. Trade Policy. Multinationals and liberalization. cottage and agro-based industries. Locational factors of cotton. paper. longevity. aluminium. Indian space programme. agro-climatic zones.

India’s role in world affairs. Command area development. Problems of agrarian and industrial unrest. floods and droughts. tribal area development. epidemics. international boundary of India and related issues. desertification and soil erosion. Integrated rural development programmes. Deforestation. State reorganisation. desert. multi-level planning. Linkage of rivers. Regional planning and development of island territories. 10. . Watershed management. Principles of environmental impact assessment and environmental management. Political Aspects: Geographical basis of Indian federalism. Globalisation and Indian economy. Emergence of new states. Five Year Plans. town planning. Regional consciousness and inter state issues.associated problems. NOTE: Candidates will be required to answer one compulsory map question pertinent to subjects covered by this paper. Environmental degradation. drought prone. Changes in patterns of land use. 9. Cross border terrorism. Panchayati Raj and decentralised planning. Regional Development and Planning: Experience of regional planning in India. Issues relating to environmental pollution. Tsunamis. Concept of sustainable growth and development. Problems of urbanization and remedies. Contemporary Issues: Ecological issues: Environmental hazards: landslides. Planning for backward area. Population explosion and food security. 8. earthquakes. Environmental awareness. Geopolitics of South Asia and Indian Ocean realm. hill. Regional disparities in economic development.

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