Chapter 18

The Fall of Babylon
Revelation 18:1-24 describes the fall of the antichrist’s economic power base. The economic collapses in 1929 and 2009 are the only events in recent memory that might be compared to this, but there will be no recovery from the collapse described here. God’s judgment on spiritual Babylon includes much more than just the crash of markets of trade. “And after these things I saw another angel come down from heaven, having great power; and the earth was lightened with his glory. And he cried mightily with a strong voice, saying, Babylon the great is fallen, is fallen, and has become the habitation of devils, and the hold of every foul spirit, and a cage of every unclean and hateful bird. For all nations have drunk of the wine of the wrath of her fornication, and the kings of the earth have committed fornication with her, and the merchants of the earth are waxed rich through the abundance of her delicacies. And I heard another voice from heaven, saying, Come out of her, my people, that ye not be partakers of her sins, and that ye not receive her plagues. For her sins have reached unto heaven, and God hath remembered her iniquities. Reward her as even she rewarded you, and double unto her double according to her works: in the cup that she hath filled fill to her 160

double. How much she hath glorified herself, and lived deliciously, so much torment and sorrow give her: for she saith in her heart, I sit as a queen, and am no widow, and shall see no sorrow. Therefore, shall her plagues come in one day, death, and mourning, and famine; and she shall be utterly burned with fire: for strong is the Lord God who judgeth her. And the kings of the earth, who have committed fornication and lived deliciously with her, shall bewail her, and lament for her, when they shall see the smoke of her burning. Standing afar off for fear of her torment, saying, Alas, alas that great city Babylon, that mighty city! For in one hour is thy judgment come. And the merchants of the world shall weep and mourn over her; for no man buyeth their merchandise any more: The merchandise of gold, and silver, and precious stones, and of pearls, and fine linen, and purple, and silk, and scarlet, and all thyine wood, and all manner vessels of ivory, and all manner vessels of most precious wood, and of brass, and iron, and marble, And cinnamon, and odours, and ointments, and frankincense, and wine, and oil, and fine flour, and wheat, and beasts, and sheep, and horses, and chariots, and slaves, and souls of men. And the fruits that thy soul lusted after are departed from thee, and all things which were dainty and goodly are departed from thee, and thou shalt find them no more at all. The merchants of these things, which were made rich by her, shall stand afar off for the fear of her torment, weeping and wailing, And saying, Alas, alas that great city, that was clothed in fine linen, and purple, and scarlet, 161

and decked with gold, and precious stones, and pearls! For in one hour so great riches is come to nought. And every shipmaster, and all the company in shops, and sailors, and as many as trade by sea, stood afar off, And cried when they saw the smoke of her burning, saying, What city is like this great city! And they cast dust on their heads, and cried, weeping and wailing, saying, Alas, alas that great city, wherein were made rich all that had ships in the sea by reason of her costliness! For in one hour is she made desolate. Rejoice over her, thou heaven, and ye holy apostles, and prophets; for God hath avenged you on her. And a mighty angel took a stone like a great millstone, and cast it into the sea, saying, Thus with violence shall that great city Babylon be thrown down, and shall be found no more at all. And the voice of the harpers, and musicians, and of pipers, and trumpeters, shall be heard no more at all in thee; and no craftsman, of whatsoever craft he be, shall be found any more in thee; and the sound of a millstone shall be heard no more at all in thee; And the light of a candle shall shine no more at all in thee; and the voice of the bridegroom and the bride shall be heard no more at all in thee: for thy merchants were the great men of the earth; for by thy sorceries were all nations deceived. And in her was found the blood of prophets, and saints, and of all that were slain upon the earth.” In this chapter John sees a very powerful angel come down from heaven with glory that shines over much of the earth. It is tempting to interpret this as referring to Christ, but there is not enough information given about this angel to 162

assume that he is other than one of Christ’s greatest and most powerful angels, who is given the honor of announcing the fall of the antichrist’s commercial empire. The angel cries with a mighty voice that Babylon is fallen, is fallen. Although this is a quote from Isaiah 21:9, the repetition is interesting. The Interlinear Hebrew-English OT renders this, “she fell, she fell”, and the context implies that the repetition is due to the excitement of the message bearer. It seems clear from this scripture that merchants and tradesmen from across the world establish lucrative business relationships (committed fornication) with this great commercial center and its destruction generates much distress. These merchants trade fine merchandise of gold and silver, precious stones, silk, linen, and thyine wood, used for incense and inlaying, to their contacts within the city. In Revelation 18:4 we see a warning from heaven asking God’s people to come out of the city before its destruction so that they will not be partakers of her sins and plagues. It seems unlikely that believers would be in this city at this time when God’s wrath is being poured out. This verse could be interpreted as pertaining to a period of time leading up to the city’s destruction since it refers to partaking of sins, a phrase that may imply acts occurring over a considerable period of time. The most likely interpretation is that it is a call to Jewish people living in this city. Jeremiah 51:6, 45, records a plea for Israelites to flee Babylon during the time of the Lord’s vengeance, which is understood to refer to the end-times, thus reinforcing this interpretation. People come to God under the most trying situations, and even though the pervasiveness of 163

the Holy Spirit is diminished after the rapture of the church, this scripture could possibly pertain to end-time Gentile converts, as well. The judgment of this great commercial center is going to be devastating, for she is to receive double what she has given, and her plagues of death, mourning, famine, and fire will come in one day. The kings of the earth, and the merchants, tradesmen, and shipmasters that were made wealthy through trade with the great city will stand afar off and cry, and cast dust on their heads. However, the saints, prophets, and apostles in heaven will rejoice, for God will have avenged them. A mighty angel casts a great millstone into the sea in Revelation 18:21 saying, thus, with violence shall the great city be thrown down. It may be that the destruction of the city is, in part, caused by the tidal wave created by the millstone. The voice of harpers, musicians, pipers, and trumpeters will not be heard any more, nor will there be any craftsmen or merchants in this city ever again. This city was apparently the engine that drove the antichrist’s worldwide economy. Thus, it figured strongly in the death of prophets and saints all over the world, and their blood cried out for revenge. To return to our discussion of exactly which city is referred to here, I believe we need to start with what most expositors have concluded about the focus of Chapter 17, and Chapter 18. There is considerable agreement that Chapter 17 refers to the whore’s headquarters, the city from which the false prophet administers the antichrist’s religious base; whereas Chapter 18 refers to his economic power base, which obviously has entanglements throughout the end164

times world. I personally believe a case can be made for these two chapters to be referring to the same city. Note that Chapter 18 seemingly continues to describe the destruction of spiritual Babylon, which we identified as the golden cup in the whore’s hand. Further, Revelation 18:3 refers to God’s anger at the fornication precipitated by the whore, as well as many references to “her”, which we also assume refers to the whore. The question that remains is, Which city is it that is referred to here? To suggest any answer to this we must fall back on our own human intuition, which is always suspect. I offer the following: 1. I would tend to eliminate Babylon simply because it does not exist at this point in time, and I do not see any activity on the horizon to indicate that it is likely to be re-built and become the center of religion and commerce in the time we seem to have left until the “beginning of sorrows”. 2. I would also question that it could be referring to Jerusalem due to the other seemingly unrelated events that occur in Israel during the last seven years. Also, Jerusalem is historically the home of the Jews, God’s chosen nation and not a likely location for a competing religious system. 3. This leaves us with Rome that has several features that would argue in its favor. It is located on seven hills, it has a history of being the religious center for much of the Christian world since the time of Constantine, and the antichrist comes to power through the evolved Roman kingdom. Everything considered Rome seems to be the likely location of the antichrist’s religious and power base described in Revelation 17-18. 165

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