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‫ 
א אوאא א א‬ 

67,-89:% ‫م‬/ 5‫&א‬/'‫א‬12  34(...‫"و! ق و ن‬#$‫א‬%‫*"אص ('&"و‬+,- ‫مא‬/ 
A- ;(( ( ( ‫و"نא‬AH @‫א‬$ AB‫א‬CD!?8‫وא‬E(F?‫א‬:= (3(*‫( א?عא‬l'acide acétylsalicylique);(( ( ( ‫א‬ 

:25°C?-:'
2

pKA à 25 °C

AH / A : 3,5
H2O / HO
M(AH) = 180 g.mol-1
H3O+
HO –

:= (3(*‫א?عא‬

λ (mS.m2.mol-1)

35,0

: 14
A–

19,9

3,6

:QD( S @CD!2:= !‫ل‬P! VS = 500,0 mLMNK L‫א‬AH63H‫ذא&&!
(?&!א‬J 
C S = 5,55 × 10-3 mol.L-1ِ 

pH‫( س‬/:= (3(*‫א&אلא‬$‫(د‬1
2,9 ,'-"25°C?-S‫ل‬U‫א‬pH‫( س‬ 
.SMU‫لא‬U‫[ א‬H3O+] éq‫?אאزن‬-‫د‬W

(1.1 

Y‫א‬Z!AH63H‫א‬- 4 &‫!
د‬X‫א‬

(1.2

(:4]‫& ^ولא‬2 
_‫)`*א‬- 4‫\אא‬Xf := ?‫مא‬/‫"و[א‬

(1.3 

- 48A/‫مא‬/‫دא‬W

(1.4 

. -‫؟‬:‫وس‬$Y‫אلא‬c،- 4τ:= ?‫مא‬/‫&א‬a 2‫د‬W

(1.5 

&]‫א‬Y‫( سא‬/- 4‫ & אزنא‬e9(2 
‫ل‬U‫א‬#[‫א‬Y‫א‬f 2 ‫א‬D(‫א‬g&'a Y‫لא‬U‫](&א‬h2 .σ = 44 mS.m-1,'-" 25°C?- S ‫ل‬U‫( س!](&א‬

σ = λ H O . [H3O ] + λ A . [A ] + λ
3

+

+

-

:&( ‫  
&א‬
HO −

-

. [HO ] 

:laA &/ ‫لوא 
&א‬U‫!](&א‬HO-f 2"&3c !‫ ل‬3ci*`&j‫وطא‬+

σ = λ H O . [H3O+] éq + λ A . [A-]éq
3

+

(1) 

((3.1:& [m:]‫& ^ولא‬2 
_‫)`*א‬σ&_ Y‫א‬Z!AH- 4Xf:= ?‫مא‬/‫א‬--(2.1

Xf&3(n?‫(א‬2.2 

H3O+‫ و‬A- ‫ و‬AH:‫?אאزن‬-&( ‫( =(&א‬3(*‫אعא‬2o‫?אאزن‬-&(Y‫א‬D(‫א‬g‫א‬X W‫(א‬2.3 
 3(X W‫א‬qe، Y‫א‬Z!AH- 4K‫ &אאزن‬epa 
E-‫(א‬2.4 
&]‫א‬Y‫&و( سא‬g!pH:r3 
Y‫א‬r(?/‫(د&א‬3 

2,8r#$AP‫*ن‬pH&3(‫"ن‬8".1 mS. m-1@ ( $ s(/&]‫א‬Y‫ [ ز( سא‬3?(#W‫و‬0,1@ ( $ pH &3(g!pHs(/ 
45 mS. m-1‫و‬43 mS:r#$AP‫ل‬U‫ !](&א‬3?(3,0 ‫و‬

σ&(]Y‫وא‬pH‫ل‬q(/‫א‬tuY:= ?‫مא‬/Ku!: ‫א^ولא‬:' 

xf (en mol)

pH= 2,8

pH = 3,0

σ= 43 mS. m-1

σ= 45 mS. m-1

7,9 × 10-4

5,0 × 10-4

5,6 × 10-4

5,8 × 10-4 

v ?‫ ( @א‬$_‫ @א‬W‫[א;دون‬-،&‫"د‬r'‫א‬8" 

 

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pH‫( س‬/:= (3(*‫א&אلא‬$‫(د‬I
[H3O+(aq)]éq = 10–pH

:C?!‫و‬ 

? pH = 2,9 (1.1.

[H3O+(aq)]éq = 10–2,9 = 1,26.10–3 mol.L–1
AH(aq) + H2O (l)  A– (aq) + H3O+(aq)

(1.2.

xf = [H3O+(aq)]éq.VS = 10–pH.VS
(1.3.
xf = 10–2,9×0,500 = 6,29.10–4 mol
xmax = cS.VS :n? 2C?!‫ و‬n0(AH)= CS.VS ‫ "ن‬h‫و‬- Xmax = 0: Y‫א‬Z!AH - 4 $ a-‫א‬X'xmax@ W(1.4.
xmax = 5,55.10–3 × 0,5000
xmax = 2,775.10–3 mol
τ=

(1.5.
− pH

− pH

xf
10 .VS 10
=
=
xmax
cS .VS
cS

τ=

−2,9

10
= 0,23
5, 55.10−3

τ = 23%

τ < 100 %. ::= ?‫مא‬/‫&א‬a 2‫ ن‬:pw‫ودو‬P‫وس‬$Y‫א‬:= (3(*‫אلא‬
: &]‫א‬Y‫ د( سא‬3- := (3(*‫ &אאزنא‬e9(2 
: ‫א‬:4]‫א^ولא‬Ex& [m‫ (א‬
:= (3(*‫א‬- 4‫!
د&א‬ 
‫  ا‬

AH(aq) + 

H2O (l)

(mol)‫ا م‬

A– (aq)

+

H3O+(aq)

(mol)‫آ ت ا  دة‬

&(=a‫א‬

x=0

cS.VS

#%

0

0 

- 4‫لא‬B

x

cS.VS – x

#%

x

x

&(= ?‫א‬

xf

cS.VS – xf

#%

xf

xf

λH O +.[H3O+(aq)]éq
3

(2.1
.σ=

A−

.[A−

(aq)]éq

:C?!‫ [ و‬H 3O + ( aq ) ]éq = [ A− ( aq ) ]éq :‫"ن‬n? 2n(H3O+) = n(A-) ‫' !"ن‬2‫
د&وא‬Y‫!א‬
σ = (λH O + + λA− ).[ H 3O + ( aq ) ]éq
3

σ = (λH O+ + λ A− ).
3

xf =

xf
VS

σ.VS

H 3O +

+ λ −)
A

(2.2
−3

. xf =

44 × 0,5000.10
= 5,7.10–4 mol
(35 + 3,6)
m3 : ‫ا !س  أن ن و ة ا  ب‬

xf ≤ xmax. ‫ أن‬# $
[A–(aq)]éq = [H3O+]éq : &‫
د‬Y‫ !א‬2.3
[A–(aq)]éq = [H3O+]éq =
[A–(aq)]éq = [H3O+]éq =

σ

xf
=
VS

H 3O +

+ λ −)
A

44
= 1,1 mol.m–3 = 1,1.10–3 mol.L–1
(35 + 3,6)
: [AH(aq)]éq = [AH(aq)]ini – [A–(aq)]éq:#‫ د‬Y‫א‬y 4N‫א‬z(a'
[AH(aq)]éq = cS –

xf
VS

[AH(aq)]éq = 5,55.10–3 – 1,14.10–3 = 4,4.10–3 mol.L–1
(2.4
K=

[A(−aq)]éq.[H3O+(aq)]éq
[AH (aq)]éq
K = 2,9.10–4 

&3 
Y‫א‬f (?/‫(د&א‬3 
‫د‬/pH‫ د‬3- ‫( س‬/‫ א‬3?( ∆X f = (5,8.10 −4 − 5,6.10 −4 ) = 2.10 −5 = 0,2.10 −4 :Q$z'!@ ( $‫{א‬i‫د‬/&]‫א‬Y ‫( س‬/‫א‬ 

Xf ‫ل‬p|} ~]":' 
5‫א‬:c&‫&א د‬/'‫א‬:  ‫و‬، ∆X f = (7,9.10 −4 − 5,0.10 −4 ) = 2,9.10 −4 :Q$z'!@ ( $‫{א‬i 
&g!pH!&‫א]&"د‬Y‫( سא‬/:= (3(*‫א‬$'‫א‬Za  

NO2- ::c63&/%‫א‬Y‫א‬#- /‫א‬

HNO2(aq) + H2O(l)  NO2-(aq)+ H3O+(aq)

HNO2(aq) +

:= (3(*‫א‬- 4‫!
د&א‬ 
‫  ا‬

(mol)‫ا م‬

HNO2 
→ H + + NO2 

:F2‫و‬t 
X W−"

: Y‫א‬Z!- 4‫@–!
د&א‬ 

ττ = 22% : '( (‫ج‬
H2O(l)  NO2 (aq)+ H3O+(aq)
(mol)‫آ ت ا  دة‬

&(=a‫א‬

x=0

C.V

#%

0

0 

- 4‫لא‬B

x

CV– x

#%

x

x

&(= ?‫א‬

xf

CV– xf

#%

xf

xf

τ < 100 %.  ‫ود ن‬P‫و‬:pw Y‫وא‬63H‫א‬r- 4‫ א‬
Xmax = 50.10-3.10-2 = 5.10-4 mol :C?!‫و‬CV – Xmax = 08":- 4‫א‬$ a- X €،- 4Xmax,A ‫مא‬/‫ א‬

τ=

Xf
X max

[

⇒ X f = τ . X max = 0,22.5.10 −4 = 1,1.10 −4 mol := ?‫مא‬/‫&א‬a 2!Xf:= ?‫مא‬/‫ א‬

pH = 2,66 C?!‫ و‬H 3O +

]

f

=

[

]

1,1.10 −4
= 2,2.10 −4 mol.l −1  ?H3O+D( @ W،pH = -log H 3O + 
−3
V
50.10
Xf

H 3O + f =
= NO2 f = 2,2.10 − 4 mol.l −1 :&‫
د‬Y‫!א‬:&(AH‫ א‬
V
[HNO2 ]0 = C = [HNO2 ] + NO2 −

Xf

=

[

]

[
[

]
]

[HNO2 ] = C − [NO2 − ] = 10 −2 − 2,2.10 −4 = 7,78.10 −3 mol.l −1 

:(#‫ د‬Y‫א‬y 4N‫)א‬