IS 73: 2006

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1ndian Standard



( Third Revision)

res 93.080.20

<0 BIS 2006




Price Group Z


NEW DELHI 110002 July 2006

In the first revision.Bitumen. Tar and Their Products Sectional Committee. Faridabad. 217 : 1988 454: 1994 702 : 1988 ntle Specification for cutback bitumen (second revision) Cutback bitumen from waxy crude Specification (second revision) Specification for industrial bitumen (second revision) For the purpose of deciding whether a particular requirement of this standard is complied with. after the draft finalized by the Bitumen. and the additional data that had become available. Besides. separate tables of requirements of paving grade bitumen derived from waxy crude and non-waxy crude have been prepared. six grades of bitumen derived from waxy crude have been unified into four grades and in the case of bitumen from non-waxy crude. second revision was prepared in 1992. The variability in performance at high temperatures can be addressed by adopting a viscosity-graded bitumen specification (based on viscosity at 60°C) in lieu ofthe current penetration-graded specification (based on penetration at 25°C). paraffin wax content. an additional grade of 50/60 penetration has been introduced on the basis of the data made available from a study carried out jointly by the Central Road Research Institute and the Indian Oil Corporation (R & D) Centre. Also. requirement for a minimum penetration value is adequate and has been retained in the viscosity-graded specification. Based on the revised methods of test in IS 1201 to IS 1220: 1978 'Methods for testing tar and bituminous materials (first revision). This will result from eliminating empirical tests/parameters such as penetration ratio. shall be rounded off in accordance with IS 2 : 19~0 •Rules for rounding off numerical values (revised)'. which will reduce the cost of testing bitumen. Since high penetration values are desirable for pavement durability. paraffin wax content. . observed or calculated. Specifying a maximum value for penetration is undesirable and will reject some good quality bitumens unreasonably. Other specifications so far published in this series are: IS No. Coal and Related Products Division Council. Tender asphalt mixtures. Since the viscosity-graded bitumen specification has a requirement of minimum viscosity at 135°C. Requirements of performance tests like penetration ratio. This standard is one of the series of standards on bitumen. no new tests need to be introduced in implementing this specification. PCD 6 FOREWORD This Indian Standard (Third Revision) was adopted by the Bureau of Indian Standards. the grades of fluxed native asphalt were deleted and essentially the paving grades were included. In the second revision. Tar and Their Products Sectional Committee had been approved by the Petroleum. This standard was first published in 1950 as 'Specification for asphaltic bitumen and 'fluxed native asphalt for road making purpose' which was revised in 1961 to change the grades of material andincorporate the methods oftest as per IS 1201 to IS 1220 :1958 'Methods for testing tar and bitumen'. the final value. and viscosity at 60°C and 135°C and retained 'penetration after thin film oven test have been incorporated. and Fraass breaking point without compromising the quality of bitumen. which push and shove under the roller wheels presenting problems during compaction. expressing the result of a test or analysis. Bituminous mixes prepared with binders having high wax content have tendencies to become brittle in cold weather and to bleed in hot weather. Adoption of viscosity-graded paving bitumen specification will also reduce the number of total tests to 7. have also been encountered in the recent past. it will also be helpful in minimizing the tender mix problems in the field. The number of significant places retained in the rounded off value should be the same as that of the specified-value in this standard. In this third revision grading of bitumens is changed from penetration grade to viscosity grade.

1 an average sample representative of the material In the container shall be drawn in accordance with the methods prescribed in IS 1201.2 The various grades of bitumen 'shall conform to the requirements prescribed in Table 1. constitute provisions of this standard. 12()9: 1918 1216: 1978 . the definitions given in IS 334 shalt apply. based on viscosity. rural roads and other allied construction and maintenance works. 6.1 Lot FOR CONFORMITY The 1205: 1978 1206 (Part 2) : 1978 Absolute viscosity (Part 3) : 1978 Kinematic viscosity 1208 : 1978 Methods for testing tar and bituminous materials: Determination of ductility (first rev-Ision) Methods for testing. as given below: a) VG·to b)VG-20 c) VG·30 Title Glossary of terms relating to bitumen and tar (third revision) Methods for testing tar and bituminous materials: Sampling (first revision) Methods of testing tar and 'bituminous materials: Determination of penetration (flrst revision) Methods for testing tar and bituminous materials: Determination of softening point (firstrev. 17SOC.tar endbitemmous materials: Determination of flash point and tire point (first revision) Methods for testing tar and bituminous materials: Determination of solubility in carbon disulphide or trichloroethylene (first revision) In any consignment. 7 SAMPLING AND CRITERIA 7. air fields.3 From each of the containers selected as in 7. all the containers of paving grade bitumen binders of same category and grade from the same batch of manufacture shall be grouped to constitute a lot. expressways. 5 GRADES Bitumens shall be classified into four types. 7. 334: 2002 1201 : 1978 1203: 1978 Bitumens shall be prepared by the refining of crude petroleum by suitable methods using appropriate crude or by blending different crudes or different short residue to achieve desired properties of paving grade bitumen conforming to specifications.IS 73·: 1006 Indian Standard PAVING BITUMEN SPECIFICATION ( Third Revision) 1 SCOPE 3 TERMINOLOGY For the purpose of this standard. which through reference in this text. At the time ofpliblication the editions indicated were valid All standards are subject to revision and parties to agreements based on this standard are encouraged to investigate the possibility of applying the most recent editions of the standards indicated below: IS No.2 The number of containers to be selected at random from-the lot shalt depend upon the size of the lot given in Table 2 . 4 DESCRIPTION This standard covers the requirement for physico-chemical properties of various grades of pavin_g grade bitumen for use as binders in the construction of pavements related to highways. 2 REFERENCES The following standards contain provisions.7.1 paving bitumen binder shall be homogeneous and shalt not foam when heated to. taking all the precautions mentioned therein. Alt these samples from individual containers shalt be stored separately.sion) Methods of testing tar and bituminous materials: Determination of viscosity: d)VG-40 6 REQUIREMENTS 6.

0 50 4. "C. Mi" Flash point. a composite sample prepared by mixing together equal quantities of paving grade bitumen.4. Mi" Tests on residue from thinfilm oven ·testsIRTFOT 1) 2) VGIO (3) 800 250 220 99. percent. (I) i) ii) iii) iv) LotSiu (2) Up to 50 5-150 151-500 501 and above No. penetration and softening point.5. 7. (Cleveland open cup). "C. from all individual samples taken from each sample container. - 7. cSt.1 All the individual samples-shall be tested for absolute viscosity at 60°C.0 10-100 40 ra"lng VG20 (4) 1-600 300 220 99. The following conditions shall be satisfied: a) [X . Mi" Kinematic viscosity at I35"C.0 40-60 50 (7) IS 1206 (Part 2) IS 1206 (part 3) IS 1209 IS 1216 IS 1203 IS 1205 2400 350 ii) iii) 220 99.2) SIND.1 Packing Penetration grade bitumen of all types shall be suitably packed in a container as agreed to between the purchaser and the supplier. Min. shall be tested. 100 g.2) SI No. Max Viscosity ratio at 4. Refto IS No.0 75 4.O.1 The lot shall be considered as conforming to the requirements of this standard. and b) [X + -0.S Criteria for Conformity 8 -PACKING AND MARKING 8. VG40 (6) 3200 400 220 99.1 shall satisfy the corresponding requirements of the characteristics given in Table J. 5 s.5.4.5. 7.and the range (R) shall be calculated.0 50-70 47 iv) v) vi) - vii) 6O"C. Poises. penetration and softening point tests.0 40 4. 7. of Containen to be Selected (3) 3 5 7 10 7.1 mm Softening point (R&B).4 Number of Tests 7.1 From the test results of absolute viscosity at 60OC.S. Mi" Solubility in trichloroethylene.0 60-10 45 Grades VG30 (5) Methods ofTcst.3 are satisfied.IS 73: 2006 Table 1 Requirements for Paving Bitumen (Clause 6.2 For the remaining characteristics.4.6 R] shall be tess than or equal to the maximum specification limit-specified in Table I.0 25 IS 1206 (Part 2) IS 1208 Ductility at 25"C. 2 . cm. if the conditions mentioned under 7. 0. Min Penetration at 2S"C. the mean (X) . after thin-film oven test Table 2 Scale of Sampling (Clause 7. -as the case may be.3 The composite sample when tested for the characteristics mentioned in 7.1 and 7. 7. sampled.5. (I) i) Characteristics (2) Absolute viscosity at 60"C.6R] shall be greater than or equal to the minimum specification limit specified in Table I.

J 986 and the Rules and Regulations made thereunder. 8.3. b) Month and year of manufacture. 8. The details of conditions under which the licence -for the use of the Standard Mark may be granted to manufactures or producers may be obtained from the Bureau of Indian Standards. ifany. c) d) Type of the material and Grade. 3 .2 Marking Each container of penetration grade bitumen shall be legibly and indelibly marked with the following: a) Manufacturer's name or trade-mark.3 BIS Certification Markine The container may also be marked with the Standard Mark.1 The use of Standard Mark is governed by the provisions of the Bureau of Indian Standards Act.IS 73: 2006 8. and Batch number.

Users of Indian Standards should ascertain that they are in possession of the latest amendments or edition by referring to the latest issue of 'BIS Catalogue' and 'Standards: Monthly Additions'.LT. II .BIS. KANPUR. Road. Marol. E9 MIDC. CHENNAI 600113 : Manakalaya. BANGALORE. P. BHOPAL.8 of BIS. LUCKNOW. 'if the review indicates that changes are needed. This does not preclude the free use.' PCD 6 (2335). This Indian Standard has been developed from Doc: No. a standard along with amendments is reaffirmed when such review indicates that no changes are needed. FARIDABAD. type or grade designations. THIRUVANANTHAPURAM.: 1/14 C..23239402 Regional Offices : Central Eastern Northern Southern Western Branches: : Manak Bhavan. Sector 34-A.. 9 Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg. NAGPUR. 2832 78 92 • .233791 20 260 38 43 { 2609285 2254 12 16. No part of these publications may be reproduced in any form without the prior permission in writin.23378561 { 23378626. VISAKHAPATNAM. in the course of implementing the 1standard. 1986 to promote harmonious development of the activities of standardization. Campus. GHAZIABAD.Bureau of Indian Standards BIS isa statutory institution established under the Bureau of Indian Standards Act. Enquiries relating to copyright be addressed to the Director (Publications). COIMBATORE. it is taken up for revision. marking and quality certification of goods and attending toconnected matters in the country. such as symbols and sizes. 28327858 { 2832 78 91. Date of Issue Text Affected - . Amendments Issued Since Publication Amend No. V. 9 Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg NEW DELHI 110 002 . BUREAU OF INDIAN STANDARDS Headquarters : Manak Bhavan. GUWAHATI. NALAGARH. HYDERABAD... PATNA. CHANDIGARH 160022 : C.{' .I AHMEDABAD.. JAIPUR.2323 33 75.LT.. Andheri (East) MUMBAI 400 093 Telegrams: Manaksanstha (Common to all offices) Telephone 2323 7617 { 23233841 2337 8499. Kankurgachi KOLKATA 700 054 : SCO 335-336. BHUBANESHWAR. New Delhi 110002 Telephones: 2323 01 31. of necessary details. IV Cross Road. Pnnted at Prabhat Offset Press. PUNE. Scheme VII M.. 1. New Dclhi-2 . Review of Indian Standards Amendments are issued to standards as the need arises on the basis of comments.225423 15 2832 92 95. Copyright BIS has the copyright of all its publications. Standards are also reviewed periodically. RAJKOT.22541442 { 225425 19.

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