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Content Based Chemical Engineering

VDI Vent - HELP!

PRESSURE VENTING OF DUST EXPLOSIONS


VDI-RICHTLINIEN - VDI 3673, Part 1 NOTE:
Always begin a new case by retrieving the original file. Direct entry of data in cells that originally contain table lookups could cause functions to be lost, or incorrect calculations. I format cells requiring entry as RED; calculated values are black. - - Explanatory and Warning notes are provided via Excel Comment Boxes and Data Validation (utilizing the MS Office Assistant"). A copy of the VDI Code should be obtained and used in conjunction with this spreadsheet. I ha attempted to capture all calculation methodology and incorporate within this program. VDI 3673, Part 1, November 2002 is the basis for this calculation methodology. The equations for EQUIPMENT are valid for: vessel volume 0.1-m 10,000m
3 3

static activation overpressure of pressure venting device 0.1-bar Pstat 1-bar maximum reduced explosion overpressure 0.1-bar < Pred 2-bar Pred,max > Pstat
-1

---- Pstat shall be the upper tolerance value of the pressure venting device.
-1

maximum explosion overpressure 5-bar Pmax 10-bar for a dust specidfic characteristic of 10-barms Kst 300-barms 300-barms
-1

maximum explosion overpressure 5-bar Pmax 12-bar for a dust specidfic characteristic of < Kst 800-barms
-1

L/De 20 --- L/De is limited in the way that the maximum vent area shall not be greater than the cross-sectio area of the vessel or silo. venting efficiency Ef = 1

The equations for BUILDING ENCLOSURES are valid for: maximum reduced explosion overpressure 0.02-bar < Pred,max 0.1-bar --- (this generally corresponds to the design of low-strength building enclosures) Pstat 0.5 Pred,max maximum reduced explosion overpressure 0.1-bar < Pred 2-bar low mass pressure venting device (specific mass below 0.5 kg m ) maximum explosion overpressure 5-bar Pmax 10-bar for a dust specidfic characteristic of 10-barms Kst 300-barms venting efficiency Ef = 1
-1 -1 -2

Print out using direct Excel commands. This application is provided by Chemical Engineers Resource Website, visit @ cheresources.com for additional selections.

<<<<<<<< Psafety January 2001, by Don Coffman >>>>>>>>


The originator of these spreadsheet(s) specifically excludes all warranties, expressed or implied, as to the accuracy of the data and other information set forth and assumes NO liability for any losses or damage resulting from the use of the materials or application of the data. Consistent with GOOD ENGINEERING PRACTICE, the burden rests with the USER of these spreadsheets to review ALL calculations, and assumptions. The USER IS FULLY RESPONSIBLE for the results or decisions based on calculations. This Spreadsheet Requires MACROS to be ENABLED to ASSURE proper operation. See the Workbook Help Sheet for Additional Instructions on Use. dmcoffman@aol.com

Page 1

01/08/06

PRESSURE VENTING OF DUST EXPLOSIONS


For Vessels, Silos, and other Equipment VDI-RICHTLINIEN - VDI 3673, Part 1 SERVICE: fd Dust: PAPER DUST Pred,max: Pstat: Pmax: Av = B = 2.000 0.100 8 -bar, or 29.00-psi -bar, or 1.45-psi bar, or 116-psi Vessel Volume: Vessel L/De Ratio: Kst: 60.00 2.70 200 cu meter, or 2,119 cu ft height/diameter bar-m/sec

B [ 1+C log ( L / De )] [3.26410 PmaxKst(Pred,max)


-5 -0.569

+ 0.27(Pstat - 0.1) Pred,max

-0.5

]V

0.753

0.768

(-4.305 log Pred, max + 0.758) = Av = 0.768 meter or


2

8.27

ft

Effects of Vent Ducting :

1 < L/De Ratio > 6

Duct Length, l :

8 3.53

meter meter

ls
P red, max = 0.2 ( C1 - C2 ) ( 1 - L/De ) + C1 C1 = Pred, max [ 1 + 17.3 (A V C2 = (0.0586 l +1.023 ) Pred,max P red, max =
' '

-0.37 = 4.564Pred,max =

-0.753 1.6

l ] = =

2.578 2.317

0.981-0.01907l

2.489

-barg or .. 36.090 -psig

Flame & Pressure Propagation resulting from deflagration equals : Flame length, Lf = 31.32 -meter for vertical pressure venting or 39.15 -meter for horizontal pressure venting . Pmax,a = 0.2 Pred,max A
0.1

0.18

0.814 -bar. for a distance of 9.79 meter ..

Reaction/Recoil Force resulting from deflagration equals : FR,max = Av Pred,max FR,max = 182.86 kN or .. 41,107.64 -lbf

explosion dusts - VDI

Psafety January 2001

01/08/06

PRESSURE VENTING OF DUST EXPLOSIONS


For Low Strength Building Enclosures VDI-RICHTLINIEN - VDI 3673, Part 1 SERVICE: Making Mezzanine Dust: PAPER DUST L1 : Pred,max: Pstat: Pmax: Kst: 0.100 0.045 8 200 -bar, or 1.45-ps -bar, or 0.65-ps bar, or 116-psi bar-m/sec L2 : L3 : Volume: De : 3.05 18.29 36.58 2038.03 8.42 meter, or 10.00-ft meter, or 60.00-ft meter, or 120.00-ft cu meter, or 71,964-cu ft equiv diameter

A =

[ 3.26410 Pmax Kst Pred,max

-5

-0.569

0.753

[ 1 + C log( L3 / De ) ] 5.063

C = ( -4.305 log Pred, max + 0.758 ) = A = 254.055 meter or


2

2734.65

ft

explosion dusts - VDI

Psafety January 2001