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Figure 1-31

First-time entry rates into postsecondary (tertiary)


education, United States and OECD country
average, by program type: 1998 and 2001
Percent

1998 2001
Tertiary type A
United States 44 42
OECD countries 40 47
Tertiary type B
United States 14 13
OECD countries 19 15
OECD = Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

NOTES: Tertiary type A programs provide education that is largely


theoretical and is intended to provide sufficient qualifications for gaining
entry into advanced research programs and professions with high-skill
requirements. Entry into these programs normally requires successful
completion of upper secondary education (i.e., high school); admission is
competitive in most cases. Minimum cumulative theoretical duration at this
level is 3 years of full-time enrollment. Tertiary type B programs are typically
shorter than tertiary type A programs and focus on practical, technical, or
occupational skills for direct entry into labor market, although they may
cover some theoretical foundations in respective programs. They have
minimum duration of 2 years of full-time enrollment at tertiary level. OECD
calculates entry rates by dividing number of first-time entrants of specific
age in each type of tertiary program by total population in corresponding
age group and then adding results for each single year of age. Entry rates
for tertiary type A and B programs cannot be combined to obtain total
tertiary-level entry rate because entrants into both types of programs would
be counted twice.

SOURCES: OECD, Education at a Glance: OECD Indicators 2000 (2000);


and Education at a Glance: OECD Indicators 2003 (2003). See appendix
table 1-32.

Science and Engineering Indicators 2006

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