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JKR CBR method:

1. Initial Annual Commercial Traffic for One Lane:

Vo ADT

Pc
( DD LD ) 365
100

Vo 48500

15
(0.55 0.80) 365
100

Vo 1168365

2. Total Number of Commercial Vehicles for One Lane:


Vc

Vo [(1 r ) x 1]
r

Vc 1022319 (13 .29 )


Vc 15 .53 10 6

3. Volume of Daily Traffic after 10 Years (one direction):


Vx V1 (1 r ) x xDdxLd

Vx 48500 (1 0.065 )10 0.55 0.80

(more than 2 lane)

Vx 36416 veh/day/lane
4. Equivalent Factor

e 2 (PC% < 15%, trunk)


5. Total Equivalent Standard Axles
ESA Vc e
ESA 15 .53 x 10 6 2
ESA 31 .06 10 6

From table 3.1

6. Maximum One Way Hourly Capacity


c I RT

I 2000 (for multilane)

from Table 3.2

R 1.00 (carriageway width = 3.75 3 = 11.25m > 7.5m)


T
T

100
(100 Pc )

(assume it is flat terrain) Table 3.4

100
(100 15 )

T 0.870
c I RT

c 2000 1.00 0.870

c 1740 veh/day/lane

7. One Lane Traffic Capacity per day


C 10 x c
C 10 1740

C 17400 veh/day/lane

8. Check

Vx C

36416 17400
Hence, capacity has not yet been reached after 10 years.

9. From Figure 2: Thickness Design Monograph,


The chart shows that for an ESA of 13.7 x 106, subgrade CBR = 128 Mpa / 10 = 12.8
the required TA is 28.1 cm.

10. Design of Layer Thickness


TA a1 D1 a 2 D2 a3 D3

Layer Material

Coefficient

Minimum Thickness

a1

Asphalt Concrete

1.00

9 cm

a2

Mechanically Stabilized

0.32

10 cm

0.23

10 cm

Crushed Aggregate
a3

Sand

11. First Trial


D1 = 9.0 cm
D2 = 10.0 cm
D3 = 10.0 cm
TA = (1.00) (9) + (0.32) (10) + (0.23) (10) = 14.5 cm < 28.10 cm
Second Trial
D1 = 12 cm
D2 = 15.0 cm
D3 = 20.0 cm
TA = (1.00) (12) + (0.32) (15) + (0.23) (20) = 21.4 cm < 28.10 cm
Third Trial
D1 = 15.0 cm
D2 = 20.0 cm
D3 = 20.0 cm
TA = (1.00) (15) + (0.32) (20) + (0.23) (20) = 26.00 cm < 28.10cm
Forth Trial
D1 = 20.0 cm
D2 = 20.0 cm
D3 = 20.0 cm
TA = (1.00) (20) + (0.32) (20) + (0.23) (20) = 31.0 cm > 28.10 cm

Fifth Trial
D1 = 15.0 cm
D2 = 24.0 cm
D3 = 26.0 cm
TA = (1.00) (15) + (0.32) (24) + (0.23) (26) = 28.66 cm > 28.10 cm
The layer thicknesses are satisfactory.

Minimum thickness requirements of the pavement structure:


Standard Thickness
Wearing

course

5 cm

10 cm

Base

(bituminous) :

29 cm

Subbase

(granular)

30 cm

Binder course

Cross section:
Dwc = 5 cm
Asphalt layer

Dbc = 10 cm
Base layer

D2 = 24 cm

Subbase layer

D3 = 26 cm

D1 = 15 cm

Subgrade layer

Compare The Material Cost


Crusher run base

= RM25.00 x 2.43 = RM 60.75 per compacted m3

Sand Subbase

= RM26.00 x 2.30 = RM 59.80 per compacted m3

Stone Mastic Asphalt = RM330.00 x 2.30 = RM759 per compacted m3

For the Fifth Trial,


Material

Depth

Cost (RM per


3

Total cost (RM

(m)

compacted m

per compacted m3

Stone Mastic Asphalt

0.15

759

113.85

Crusherrun Base

0.24

60.75

14.58

Sand Sub base

0.26

59.80

15.58
144.01

The total cost for the project


Material

Calculation

Cost (RM)

Crusher-run
Base
Sand Sub Base

RM 60.75 x 15,000 m x 3.75 m x 0.24m x 4lane

3280500.00

RM59.80 x 15,000m x 3.75m x 0.26m x 4lane

3498300.00

Stone Mastic
Asphalt
The total cost
for the project

RM 759.00 x 15,000m x 3.75m x 0.15m x 4lane

25616250.00

RM3280500.00+ RM3498300.00
+ RM25616250.00

32395050.00

Total Cost = RM 32395050.00 + (RM 15.00 x 15,000 x 3.75) = RM 33238800.00