Figure 7-16 Attitudes toward biotechnology in United States and Europe: 1999/2000 and 2005

Percent Optimism in United States Optimism in Europe Pessimism in United States Pessimism in Europe 1999/2000 51 38 29 31 2005 72 65 13 19

NOTES: Responses to: Science and technology change the way we live. I am going to read out a list of areas in which new technologies are currently developing. For each of these areas, do you think it will improve our way of life in the next 20 years, will have no effect, or will make things worse? (In 2005, the question in Europe was worded: For each of these, do you think it will have a positive, a negative or no effect on our way of life in the next 20 years?) Percentages are for respondents who said that biotechnology will improve our way of life in the next 20 years (optimism) and for those who said that biotechnology will make things worse (pessimism). European surveys conducted in 1999 (EU-15) and 2005 (EU-25); U.S. surveys conducted in 2000 and 2005. SOURCES: T.A. Ten Eyck, G. Gaskell, and J. Jackson, Seeds, food and trade wars: Public opinion and policy responses in the US and Europe, Journal of Commercial Biotechnology 10:258–67 (2004), Canadian Biotechnology Secretariat, Canada-U.S. Survey on Biotechnology (2005); and European Commission, Research Directorate-General, Eurobarometer 224/Wave 63.1: Social Values, Science and Technology (2005). Science and Engineering Indicators 2006

p = i n c r e a s e ; • = n o c h a n g e ; q = d e c

n o c h a n g e ; q = d e c r e a s e N A = n o t a v a i l a b l e
a

N a t i o n a l C e n t e r f o r E d u c a t i o n S t a t i s t i c s ( N C E S ) d i d n o t p u

( N C E S ) d i d n o t p u b l i s h 2 0 0 0 s c i e n c e s c o r e s f o r f o u r t h g r a d e A s i a n / P a c i f i c I s l a n d e r s t u d e n t s b e c a u

d e r s t u d e n t s b e c a u s e o f a c c u r a c y a n d p r e c i s i o n c o n c e r n s .
b

I n s u f f i c i e n t s a m p l e s s i z e s i n e a r l i e r y e a

z e s i n e a r l i e r y e a r s o f N a t i o n a l A s s e s s m e n t o f E d u c a t i o n a l P r o g r e s s ( N A E P ) i n m a t h e m a t i c s a n d s c i e n c e

t i c s a n d s c i e n c e p r e c l u d e d c a l c u l a t i o n o f r e l i a b l e e s t i m a t e s f o r A m e r i c a n I n d i a n s / A l a s k a N a t i v e s

s / A l a s k a N a t i v e s . M a t h e m a t i c s c o m p a r i s o n s s h o w n h e r e f o r t h i s g r o u p a r e b e t w e e n 1 9 9 6 a n d 2 0 0 3 f o

1 9 9 6 a n d 2 0 0 3 f o r g r a d e 4 , 2 0 0 0 a n d 2 0 0 3 f o r g r a d e 8 , a n d 1 9 9 6 a n d 2 0 0 0 f o r g r a d e 1 2 . S c i e n c e c o m p a r

1 2 . S c i e n c e c o m p a r i s o n f o r A m e r i c a n I n d i a n / A l a s k a N a t i v e s a r e f r o m 1 9 9 6 t o 2 0 0 0 .
c

I n f o r m a t i o n o n

c

I n f o r m a t i o n o n s t u d e n t e l i g i b i l i t y f o r f r e e / r e d u c e d p r i c e l u n c h f i r s t c o l l e c t e d i n 1 9 9 6 . T h u s , c o m

i n 1 9 9 6 . T h u s , c o m p a r i s o n s s h o w n f o r m a t h e m a t i c s a r e f r o m 1 9 9 6 t o 2 0 0 3 a n d f o r s c i e n c e a r e f r o m 1 9

i e n c e a r e f r o m 1 9 9 6 t o 2 0 0 0 . N O T E : I n c l u d e s s t u d e n t s i n b o t h p u b l i c a n d p r i v a t e s c h o o l s . S O U R C E

s c h o o l s . S O U R C E S : U . S . D e p a r t m e n t o f E d u c a t i o n , N C E S , T h e N a t i o n ’ s R e p o r t C a r d : M a t h e m a t i c s H i g h l i g h t

e m a t i c s H i g h l i g h t s 2 0 0 3 , N C E S 2 0 0 4 4 5 1 ( 2 0 0 3 ) ; T h e N a t i o n ’ s R e p o r t C a r d : M a t h e m a t i c s 2 0 0 0 , N C E S 2 0 0 1

c s 2 0 0 0 , N C E S 2 0 0 1 5 1 7 ( 2 0 0 1 ) ; T h e N a t i o n ’ s R e p o r t C a r d : S c i e n c e H i g h l i g h t s 2 0 0 0 , N C E S 2 0 0 2 4 5 2 ( 2 0 0

C E S 2 0 0 2 4 5 2 ( 2 0 0 1 ) ; a n d d a t a f r o m N A E P , 1 9 9 0 , 2 0 0 0 , a n d 2 0 0 3 m a t h e m a t i c s a s s e s s m e n t s a n d 1 9 9 6 a n d

n t s a n d 1 9 9 6 a n d 2 0 0 0 s c i e n c e a s s e s s m e n t s . S e e a p p e n d i x t a b l e s 1 5 , 1 6 , 1 7 , a n d 1 8 . S c i e n c e a n d

1 8 . S c i e n c e a n d E n g i n e e r i n g I n d i c a t o r s 2 0 0 6

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