Inmarsat Background Information On Inmarsat Facilitating Services to Iranain owned vessels:  Inmarsat is unlawfully providing satellite services to oil

tankers and other vessels that are owned by, controlled by, or dedicated to the aid of the Islamic Republic of Iran. The United States Treasury has designated and blocked numerous sea vessels it has identified as belonging to the proscribed Islamic Republic of Iran Shipping Lines (IRISL). On July 12, 2012 the Treasury updated its list of ships once again as many of the Iranian owned vessels have changed their names and been re-flagged to avoid detection. Since the provision of services to proscribed Iranian owned sea vessels is illegal, Inmarsat's continued servicing of these Iranian vessels thwarts the internationally mandated economic sanctions levied against Tehran and the U.S. Treasury's regulations prohibiting servicing these vessels.  By providing crucial satellite services and materially supporting Iran’s oil industry, Inmarsat facilitates Tehran's abilities to advance its illegal nuclear weapons program and escalate its sponsorship of Islamic terrorism. According to the United States Supreme Court, the provision of communications services constitutes the provision of “material support or resources” pursuant to 18 U.S.C. § 2339A. Such provision therefore subjects Inmarsat to criminal liability pursuant to 18 U.S.C. §§ 2339A, 2339B, 2339C and to civil liability pursuant to 18 U.S.C. § 2333 (see Boim v. Holy Land Foundation, 549 F.3d 685, 690-91 (7th Cir. 2008) (en banc)). While Inmarsat might not operate the vessels that carry Iranian property, Inmarsat’s crucial satellite services enable those vessels to operate and in turn aid and abet Iran's illegal efforts to evade the imposed economic sanctions and fund its nuclear and terrorism programs. Last summer, Shurat HaDin – Israel Law Center brought suit against Inmarsat in Miami to terminate its provision of satellite services to boats being illegally utilized for the Gaza Flotilla including the infamous Mavi Marmara.

History of Company:     Founded in 1979 by the International Maritime Organization to enable communication among ships and for assistance in emergencies. Launched the world's first global mobile satellite communications system in 1982. In 1999, transitioned from intergovernmental organization into a privately held company. Through the acquisition of Stratos Global and Segovia, a provider of secure IP-based managed solutions to the US Government, and leading VSAT provider Ship Equip. Inmarsat currently has offices in more than 40 locations across every continent including Miami, Florida and Washington, DC.

About Inmarsat:  Inmarsat has been at the forefront of mobile satellite services for more than 32 years and is a leading provider of global voice, data and IP communications solutions. Inmarsat owns and operates a fleet of 11 satellites providing mobile voice and data communications around the world, enabling users to make phone calls or connect to the internet on land, at sea or in the air. Inmarsat sells services and solutions directly, or through their worldwide network of independent distribution partners and service providers. Inmarsat offers a wide portfolio of global communications solutions and value-added services available on the market; providing voice and highspeed data services to almost anywhere on the planet - on land, at sea and in the air. Enable people and organizations to make calls or connect to the internet whenever and wherever they need – using handheld satellite phones or small notebook-size broadband devices. Offer a range of communication and safety services, including voice and broadband IP data for vessel operations, crew and passenger connectivity, and access to the Global Maritime Distress and Safety System (GMDSS).

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Provides use of satellite operation in the aviation sector, enabling a diverse range of applications for the cockpit and cabin, from safety communications, weather and flight updates to email, internet and phone services.