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# SOLUTIONS OF ASSIGNMENT NO.

(4)

## THE RESULTANT FORCE

OF A NON-CONCURRENT FORCE SYSTEM
Problem 4.111

Replace the force system acting on the beam by an equivalent force and
couple moment.

1.5 KN
2.5 KN
3 KN
5

2m

30
3

4m

2m

1.5 cos 30

2.5 sin

2.5 cos

3 KN
1.5 sin 30

B
(1)
FRy

FRx
A

(2)

B MB

FRx = Fx

## = 1.5 sin 30 - 2.5 cos

= 1.5 sin 30 2.5 * (4/5)
= - 1.25 KN
FRx = 1.25 KN
FRy = Fy
= - 3 1.5 cos 30 2.5 sin
= - 3 1.5 cos 30 2.5 * (3/5)
= - 5.8 KN
FRy = 5.8 KN
FR =

(1.252 + 5.82 )

FR = 5.93 KN

, tan =

5.8
1.25

= 77.8
MB = 1.5 cos 30 (2) + 2.5 *(3/5) (6)
MB = 11.6 KN. m (counterclockwise)

Problem 4.113
Replace the three forces acting on the shaft by a single resultant force. Specify
where the force acts, measured from end B.

2.5 m

1m

1.5 m

2m
B

5
500 KN

12

200 KN

13
5

260 KN

B
500 cos

260 cos
200 KN

500 sin

260 sin

(1)

FRy

y
x

FRx
y

x
A
cos = 4/5

(2)
, sin = 3/5 , cos = 5/13 , sin = 12/13

FRx = Fx| 1
= 260 cos 500 cos
= 260 * (5/13) 500 * (4/5)
= - 300 N
FRx = - 300 N

FRy = Fy| 1
= - 260 sin 200 500 sin
= -260 * (12/13) 200 500 * (3/5)
FRy = - 740 N
FRx = 300 N

FRy = 740 N
300 N

FR =

2
FRx
+

2
FRy

FR
FR = 300 2 + 74o 2

740 N

FR = 798.5 N
tan = 740 /300 =2.467
= 67.9
MB| 1 = MB| 2
260 * (12/13) * 2 + 200 * 3 + 500 * (3/5) * 4.5 = FRy (x) FRx (y)
2430 = - 740 x + 300 y (equation of the line of action of the resultant)
At y = 0
2430 = - 740 x
x =- 3.28 m
At x = 0
2460 = 300 y
y = 8.1 m

Problem 4.114
Replace the loading on the frame by a single resultant force. Specify where its line
of action intersects member AB, measured from A.

y
FRy

y
200 N

0.2 m

FRx
y

0.4 m

0.3 m

60 N.m

400 N

200 N

(1)

(2)

0.7 m

Fx| 1 = Fx| 2
FRx = Fx| 1
= - 200 N
FRx = - 200 N
Fy| 1 = Fy| 2

FRy = Fy| 1
= - 400 200 300
= - 900 N
FRy = - 900 N
200 N

FRx = 200 N

FRy = 900 N

FR
2
2
FR = FRx
+ FRy

900 N

FR = 200 2 + 900 2
FR = 922 N
tan =900/200 = 4.5
= 77.47
MA| 1 = MA| 2
60 200 * (0.3) 400 * (0.7) 200 * (0.2) = FRy (x) FRx (y)
- 320 = -900 x + 200 y (equation of the line of action of the resultant)
At y = 0 (intersection with member AB)
-320 = - 900 x
x = 0.356 m

Problem 4.115
Replace the loading acting on the beam by a single resultant force. Specify where
the force acts measured from end A.

300 N

450 N

30

60

700 N

2m

4m

300 N

450 sin 60
450 cos 60

700 cos 30

700 sin 30

2m

4m

3m

1500 N.m

3m

1500 N.m

(1)

FRy
FRx

(2)

x
y
A

Fx| 1 = Fx| 2
FRx = Fx| 1
FRx = 450 cos 60 - 700 sin 30

FRx = - 125 N
Fy| 1 = Fy| 2
FRy = Fy| 1
= - 450 sin 60 - 300 700 cos 30

125 N

FR
1296 N

FRy = - 1296 N
FRx = 125 N

FRy = 1296 N

2
2
FR = FRx
+ FRy

F R = 125 2 + 1296 2

FR = 1302 N
tan =1296/125 = 10.368
= 84.5
MA| 1 = MA| 2
- 450 sin 60 *(2) 300 *(6) 700 cos 30 *(9) 1500 = FRy (x) FRx (y)
- 9535.4 = - 1296 x + 125 y
At y = 0
- 9535.4 = -1296 x
x = 7.36 m

Problem 1.121
Replace the loading on the frame by a single resultant force. Specify where its line
of action intersects member CD measured from end C.
300 N
1m

2m

250 N
5

3m

B
4
2m

400 N.m

60
3m

500 N

y
250 cos

300 N
1m
C

2m

3m

x
250 sin
D

2m

400 N.m

500 cos 60
3m

500 sin 60
(1)

y
FRy
x

FRx
y

x
D
(2)

## sin = 4/5 , cos = 3/5

Fx| 1 = Fx| 2
FRx = Fx| 1
FRx = - 250 sin 500 cos 60
FRx = - 450 N

Fy| 1 = Fy| 2
FRy = Fy| 1
= - 300 250 cos 500 sin 60

FRy = - 883 N

FRx = 450 N

FRy = 883 N

450 N

FR =

2
FRx
+

FR

2
FRy

833 N

F R = 450 2 + 833 2

FR = 991 N
tan =833/450 = 1.962
= 63
MC| 1 = MC| 2
400 300 * (3) 250 * (3/5) * (6) 500 cos 60 * (2) 500 sin 60 * (1)
= FRy (x) FRx (y)
- 2333 = - 883 x + 450 y
At y = 0
- 2333 = - 883 x
x = 2.64 m (intersection of the line of action of the resultant with member
CD measured from end C)