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Acute Angle- angle that measures between 0 and 90 degrees

Acute triangle- All angles are less than 90 degrees

Adjacent angles- Two angles that share both a side and a vertex.

Alternate interior angle- congruent angles on the interior and are on opposite sides

Altitude- line segment drawn from an angle to the opposite side, creating a right angle

Angle-The union of two rays with a common endpoint, called the vertex.

Angle addition postulate- If angle ABD and angle DBC are adjacent angles, then angle ABC= angle
ABD =+ angle DBC

Angle bisector- an angle bisector is a line that bisects an interior angle

Angle measure- number of degrees in an angle

Axiom- synonym of postulate

Base-The bottom of a plane figure or three-dimensional figure

Centroid- the point where all three medians cross

Collinear points- points that lie on the same plane

Complementary angles- two angles whose sum is 90 degrees

Conjecture- a statement that appears true but has not been proven

Congruent- equal/same

Coplanar- points that lie on the same plane

Corresponding angles-When two lines are crossed by another line (which is called the Transversal), the
angles in matching corners

Decagon- a polygon with 10 sides and 10 angles

Diagonal- line segment connecting non-consecutive vertices

Equilateral triangle- All 3 sides of the triangle are congruent

Exterior angle- the angle between any side of a shape, and a line extended from the next side

Exterior angle theorem- A measure of an exterior angle of a triangle is equal to the sum of the measures
of the two non=adjacent interior angles
Hexagon- a polygon with 6 sides and 6 angles

Hypotenuse- the longest side of a right triangle

Interior angle- an angle inside a shape

Isosceles triangle- 2 legs of the triangle are congruent

Legs of a right triangle- either of the sides in a triangle across from the hypotenuse

Line segment- given 2 points, a line can be drawn through them

Linear pair- formed when two lines intersect

Median- line segment that passes through the mid point

Midpoint- a point on the middle of a line segment

Midsegment- line segment that connects two midpoints


Nonogon- a polygon with 9 sides and 9 angles

Non-Collinear-Points that do not all lie on a single line

Non-coplanar-Points that do not all lie on a single plane

Obtuse Angle – angle that measures between 90 and 180 degrees

Obtuse Triangle-A triangle with one obtuse angle

Octagon- a polygon with 8 sides and 8 angles

Parallel- 2 or more coplanar lines

Pentagon- a polygon with 5 sides and 5 angles

Perpendicular- 2 lines that intersect to form right angles

Plane- given 3 points, a plane can be drawn through them

Point- represented by a dot

Point of Concurrency- point of intersection of 3 or more lines

Polygon- man sided figure

Postulate- a statement assumed to be true without proof

Quadrilateral- a polgon with 4 sides and 4 angles

Ray-part of a line, with one endpoint, and extending to infinity in one direction.

Regular polygon- all sides are equal or congruent

Remote interior angles-

Right angle- angle that measures 90 degrees

Right triangle- Has one right triangle, and the other two angles are complementary

Scalene triangle- A triangle that has 3 sides with all different lengths

Skew lines- lines that are not parallel but do not intersect

Straight angles-An angle that measures 180 degrees

Theorem- a statement the needs to be proved

Transversal-A line that intersects two other lines

Triangle- a polygon with 3 sides and 3 angles

Triangle inequality theorem- the sum of the lengths of any two sides of a triangle is greater than the
length of the third side

Vertex/vertices- corners of where sides meet

Vertical angles- formed by two intersecting lines, opposite each other and also congruent

Vertical angle bisector- A line that connects an angle in half