This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
COMMUNICATIONS G VIDE
16 January New Hampshire
16 January New Hampshire
PURPOSE OF GUIDE
It is essential that good operating techniques be used by CAP radio station operators to insure the maximum beneficial use of the fe vv frequencies assigned to CAP stations. It resolves itself into essentially a one-party line where procedure is necessary if any use is to be derived therefrom. The following is a guide for all New Hampshire Wing Stations to insure the best use of its radio facilities.
ESSENTIALS OF A STATION
The FCC requires that each station be properly licensed; operated by a properly licensed operator who must be a Civil Air Patrol member; and maintain a proper log. To insure efficient operation, each station should have a copy of this GUIDE; a list of New Hampshire Wing Station Calls; paper and pencil to copy and handle messages. Following is a brief digest of some of the most essential provisions of treaty, law, ana regulations which pertain to the operation of CAP radio stations. STATION
A radio station, other than one owned and operated by the Government, shall not be operated unless it is properly licensed by the Federal Communications Commission and the station license is posted or kept available as specified by the rules governing the particular service and/or class of station. CAP station licenses and CAP owned equipment shall be relinquished upon expiration of enlistment.
Except as may be provided otherwise by special order of the Commission or by the rules governing a particular service, and/or class of station, a radio station required to be licensed by the Commission shall be operated only by a properly licensed radio operator who has his license or verification card or his permit in his possession or posted in accordance with the Commission's rules governing the particular service in which he is employed. If the license or permit has been sen~ in to the Commission for renewal, duplicate, etc., a copy of the application for such renewal, duplicate, etc., shall be exhibited in lieu of the license. Adjustments to the transmitter which may cause off-frequency operation or any other unauthorized emission shall be made only by or in the presence of a person holding a first-or second-s-class operator license, either radio-telephone or radio-telegraph.
Inasmuch as most radio transmission are conducted on radio channels which are shared among many stations, as on a "party line," it is necessary that precautions be observed to avoid congestion and interference. In order to avoid interference with communications in progress, an operator shall listen on the frequencies on which he intends to receive and transmit for a sufficient period to ascertain that he will be able to hear the station he is calling and that his transmission will not cause harmful interference. He shall not attempt to call if interference is likely. Attempts to establish communication beyond the normal range of the equipment installed usually results in unnecessary occupation of the calling frequency. Except in emergencies, such calling should be avoided. In order to eliminate the need for undue repetition of communications, voice transmission should be made with maximum articulation. It is welJ to remember that speech is generally rendered almost unintelligible by speaking too close to the microphone and is often lost in extraneous noise when the microphone is held at too great a distance. All Civil Air Patrol radio operators are again reminded of Federal Communications rules and regulations and Civil Air Patrol directives which specifically prohibit hamming and/or other unauthorized types of radio traffic on Civil Air Patrol frequency. It is essential that policing azainst this practice originate from within our own organization as well as the monitoring of the Federal Communications Commission. Wing Commanders are enjoined to suspend from operation those stations in their wings which are guilty of unauthorized operation. There are monitors in constant surveillance reporting violations direct to National Headquarters. These monitors are authorized to report any and all violations which includes signals from neighboring states. In addition, all stations are encouraged to report to Headquarters all cases of such violations encountered. The following information must be submitted: A. Call signs of violating stations. B. Time and Date of violations. C. Nature of violation.
Radio logs are required. to be kept in certain radio services. These logs must be kept by a person having actual knowledge of the facts to be entered, and who shall sign the log when starting duty and again when going off duty. Logs shall be available upon request by authorized Commission representatives. No log or portion thereof shall be erased obliterated, or wilfully destroyed within the period of retention required by the Rules and Regulations. Any necessary correction may be made only by the person originating the entry who shall strike out the erroneous portion, initial the correction made, and indicate the date of correction. All Jogs will contain the fol1owing information: a. Hours of operation.
b. c. d. e. f. Attached
Frequencies used. Stations contacted. Operators initials. Date and time of periodic frequency checks. Number or date time group of messages handled. to this manual is a sample log sheet.
The general penalty for violation of the Communications Act consists of a fine of not more than $10 000.00 or imprisonment for a term of not more than two (2) years, or both.
Before putting the station into operation, the operator should first listen on his frequency for a period of five (5) minutes to be sure the frequency is not being used by others. The transmitter should be checked before making any calls and if found necessary to make adjustments, a dummy antenna should be used while making these adjustments in order not to radiate an interfering signal. AU too often we hear signals on the air usi.ng the frequency for long periods of time while the operator is unconsciously testing without monitoring his own frequency. These checks and testings can be done with a dummy load without emitting the carrier on the air to cause interference. Again you are reminded of FCC regulation that prohibit testing transmitter unless operator has first or second class commercial license. When calling a station, the call should be kept short using complete call signs. Short transmissions with listening period in between are most effective in making contact. Limit transmissions to a maximum of two (2) minutes, and listen between transmissions for five to ten seconds for any emergency or priority calls. Emergency calls will more than likely originate from low powered stations, and will not be heard unless given a clear channel for a few seconds or so. Transmissions should be brief, giving just the information necessary with clarity. When necessary, use phonetics to spell out important or critical words. Whenever possible, use message form so that an accurate copy of the message sent will be on hand to refer to, should the message have to be repeated.
Each transmission should begin and end with the call assigned to the station. The complete call, including base station call, can be used; however, FCC only requires the tactical call and number be used. BE SURE TO USE
THE TACTICAL CALL AND NUMBER, EACH TRANSMISSrON.
The practice of having a 5-second delay between transmi sions has proven to be valuable. The purpose of the delay is to allow break-in operation in the event a station wishes to contact another station already in communication. The 5-second delay need not be in force during the period that the net is controlled. CONTROLLED NET
During controlled net operation, the N.C.S. will stand by periodically for stations who wish to break in with traffic or possibly a station checking in late, etc. A station that has reported in the net must stand by until properly relieved-that is, requesting permission from the N.C.S. to secure station. Reporting in the net means that a station is standing by to receive, transmit, relay, or possibly operate as alternate N.C.S. Therefore, it is important that the control station operator be notified when a station leaves the net. It is important also that all stations in the Vv'ing maintain SILENCE during the net's operation, regardless of location or unless called upon by the N.C.S. or by a designated relay station.
Whenever practicable, messages should be used to relay information between tations. Messages are like letters, and results in a copy at both ends of a circuit which can be referred to at a later date. The message form has six basic parts as follow : 1. The number is used to designate the order in which messages are sent from the originating station. Numbers may start with #1 at the beginning of the year and continue throughout the year; or may start from other smaller periods of time. A list should be kept by each station noting the number of each message sent along, with the station the message was sent to. 2. Date Time Group is a sequence of numbers denoting the day and hour the message was originated. As for example, 121730 would mean the message originated the 12 day of the current month at 1730 hours local time. Local time should be used on all wing messages. 3. Origin is the station or address where the message originated. 4. Action is the station or address to which the message is to be sent. The origin and action should in all possible cases contain only the station cal] assigned to the addressee or originator. For example, a message to the Wing Commander would have for action "Profile 1" and not the Wmg Commander's name or a station who might relay. 'Profile 1" means the Wing Commander. 5
5. Text is the part of the message containing the information the originator desires to pass on to the addressee. In sending a message, the text is preceeded by the word BREAK and ended with BREAK. The text does not contain address, signature or reference numbers. Punctuation marks are sent as "period", "comma' , etc. and not initial xray or stop. 6. Signature is person or station or headquarters sending the message. Signature is never sent with the message. It is for the originating station's records to denote authority as to who initiated the message. If YOIl will note, added to the message form are two lines whereby notation can be made of the time message has been received, and a line for noting when message has been sent for record by the radio operator. NO ACTION DATE TIM.:E GROUP ORIGIN .. .
Rec'd From Sent To
SIGNATURE Date Time Grp Date Time Grp EMERGENCY AND PRIORITY
. Oper Oper PROCEDURES .. ..
There are two (2) CAP sayings used on the radio frequencies to denote priority. SAR-CAP is used when traffic pertains to a search and rescue operation. RED-CAP is used when the traffic pertains to a real emergency which exists. USE OF WORD REDCAP Definition "REDCAP' is a code word chosen to indicate actual emergency conditions of such a serious nature that free and undisputed priority for the use of certain CAP frequency or frequencies is justified. Declaration of "REDCAP '-any person operating a CAP radio station who has traffic to be transmitted which pertains to the protection of life or property may declare that "REDCAP" conditions exist. Action by other Stations. Upon learning of the existence of "REDCAP" conditions, other CAP radio stations will silence their transmitters for the duration of the "REDCAP" traffic. These stations should monitor the Irequency during a "REDCAP" in order to be available for relay or other assistance, should the need arise. 6
OPERA.TING AIDS PHONETIC ALPHABET ALFA BRAVO COCO DELTA ECHO FOXTROT GOLF H HOTEL I INDIA A :B C D E F G
1 ONE 2 TWO 3 THREE 4 FOUR 5 FIVE K
JULIET KILO LIMA METRO NECTAR OSCAR PAPA QUEBEC ROMEO
S SIERRA T TAi~GO U UNION V VICTOR W WHISKEY X EXTRA y YANKEE Z ZULU 6 SIX 7 SEVEN 8 EIGHT 9 NINE 0 ZERO
KCC 593 Base call sign for N. H. Wing C..<.\.P. Tactical call signs are listed below with the tactical call signs of the other wings comprising Region 1. Fixed New Hampshire Maine Vermont Massachusetts Connecticut Rhode Island New York Pennsylvania New Jersey PROFILE PlNETREE PICO FREEDOM NUTMEG RHODY EMPIRE KEYSTONE ZIGZAG Mobile BO:BCAT PINEKARR MAR:BLE PILGRIM RAMBLER UTILE RHODY TOMCAT ROLLING STONE DOMINO Airborne SAUCER PINEAYR MANSFIELD CLIPPER ROCKET AIRllilODY WILDCAT FLIGHTSTONE AIRCAP
WING DRILL NETS All stations in operating
weekly remain gardless himself condition are requested to participate in the wing net. It is also important that all New Hampshire wing stations silent during the Maine, Vermont and Massachusetts wing nets reof location. It is the responsibility of each operator to familiarize with these schedule net hours through his control station.
DAILY TRAFFIC PERIODS
The efficiency of a Wing Radio Network depends on the ability to handle traffic any time any where within the Wing. 1000/0 efficiency cannot be achieved as CAP members can only devote a portion of their time. All those who can should monitor all day long. We can approach good efficiency if we are able to pass traffic daily, provided all stations monitor their frequency at the same time each day. It is therefore requested those stations that can monitor daily, monitor during the hours of 18:00 to 18:30. Additional daily monitoring periods would be beneficial especially during an alert or actual mission being covered by anyone squadron. For example; a squadron having been called on a mission, should notify all other squadrons of the mission during the daily monitoring period as indicated above, preferably on the 2374 KC frequency. All other squadrons upon receiving this notice should monitor daily during the additional hours of 07:30 - 08:00; 12:30 - 13:00. Especially the squadron control stations. This practice would allow at least three opportunities throughout the day when a mission commander could radio for assistance hom other squadrons.
A CAP Radio Station is an installation with all th nece sary communications equipment for two-way communications. Communications are carried out in channels assigned to CAP and in accordance with regulations set forth by National Headquarters, and policie of the wing organization. The sole justification for such station is that it will supply the Wing Commander with such communications necessary to carry out the mission of CAP at each level. A CAP radio station is not the private station of any member of any unit. It is leased to the Wing Commander and is under his direct control.
in this service. He has trained in the use of the equipment, and FCC Rules
and Regulations, Wing policies, good operating practices and procedures. His primary function is to transmit and receive traffic. He does not originate messages, answer questions, dictate policy, add to or change message in any way.
The radio operator is a CAP member licensed by the FCC to operate
SAMPLE LOG SHEET LOG OF CAP. STATION KCC 593 Date Time On
FREQ Time off
SAMPLE LOG SHEET LOG OF C.A.P. STATION KCC 593 Date Time On Station
FREQ Time off
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue reading from where you left off, or restart the preview.