You are on page 1of 6

Terms allegory alliteration alusion anachronism analogy anecdote antagonist anthropomorphism aside blank verse character comedy diction

elegy fable farce figurative language form free verse genre hyperbole indirect dialogue irony metaphor meter monologue narrative onomatopoeia oxymoron paean parable paradox parrallelism parody pastoral pathos personification perspective plot point of view protagonist rhythm satire simile soliloquy stage directions

stanza style surrealism/theather of the absurd tense theme tone tragedy voice analogy assonance conceit elegy enjambment epic consonance free verse internal rhyme lyric poem approximate (near, off, slant) rhyme ode pastoral quatrain sonnet stanza symbol theme villanelle sestina epiphany antecedent apostrophe shift pun


a story with underlying symbols that really represent something else the use of a repeated consonant sound, usually at the beginning of a series of words a reference to something or someone, usually literary the placement of a person or object in an inappropriate historical situation a comparison of something to something else a short narrative, story, or tale the major character opposing the protagonist the assignment of human attributes, such as emotions or physical characteristics, to nonhuman things a device through which the character addresses the audience directly an unrhymed poem with a regular meter a person in a drama or novel a play that is primariy for amusement or meant to provide laughter the author's choice of words a mournful and melancholy poem or song, usually to pay tribute to a deceased person a story that has a moral, usually involving animals as the main characters a satire that's bordering on the silly or ridiculous language characterized by figures of speech, such as metaphors and similes, as well as elaborate expression through imagery the rhyme scheme of a poem a poem without regualr meter or line length a type, or category, of fiction or nonfiction a deliberate exaggeration language which communicates what was expressed in the dialogue, without using a direct quotation an expression of meaning that is the opposite of the literal meaning a comparison that does not use the words "like" or "as" the rhythm of a poem a long passage during which only one person talks a literary representation of an event or story - the text itself a word intended to simulate the actual sound of the thing or action it describes a phrase in which the words are contradictory an expression of joyful praise a story that has a moral a phrase that appears to be conmtradictory but which actually contains some basic truth that resolved the apparent contradictio the repetition of sounds, meanings, or structures to create a certain style a literary work in which the style of an author is imitated for comic effect or ridicule a work that deals with the lives of people, especially shpeheards, in teh country or in nature (as opposed to people in the city) something that evokes a feeling of pity or sympathy the assignment of human attributes to something nonhuman the place from which the narrator or character sees things the events that happen in the story the perspective from which a story is presented to a reader the main character, usually the hero the beat or meter of a poem the ridicule of a subject a comparison of two things using the words "like or "as" a speech addressed to the audience where one character expounds upon his predicament authorial instructions inserted in parentheses to tell the actor or director how to act, move, or speak

a section of lines in a poem the author's unique manner of expressino; the author's vice a style of play that doesn time perspective from which a piece is written (past, present, or future) the main idea of a piece of literature the style or manner of expression a play that is sad or addresses sorrowful or difficult themes the perspective from which a piece is written, most often first-person or third-person clarifies or explains an unfamiliar concept or object by comparing it with one that is similar repetition of vowel sounds a fanciful expression, usually in the form of an extended metaphor or surprising analogy between seemingly dissimilar objects a mournful poem, esp. one lamenting the dead the continuation of meaning, without pause or break, from one line of poetry to the next a long narrative poem telling of a hero's deeds the repetition of consonant sounds within or at the end of a word, e.g., east, west, best, test, trust, burst Poetry that does not have a regular meter or rhyme scheme a rhyme between words in the same line highly musical verse that expresses the observations and feelings of a single speaker rhymes that are close but not exact: lap/shape, glorious/nefarious. a poem usually addressed to a particular person, object or event that has stimulated deep and noble feelings in the poet a literary work idealizing the rural life (especially the life of shepherds) a stanza of four lines Fourteen-line lyric poem that is usually written in iambic pentameter and that has one of several rhyme schemes. a fixed number of lines of verse forming a unit of a poem something that stands for something else a unifying idea that is a recurrent element in a literary or artistic work highly structured poem consisting of six stanzas: five tercets (stanza of 3 lines) and a quatrain; first and third line are repeated t 6 six-line stanzas ending with tercet (stanza of 3 lines); last words of each line in 1st stanza are repeated as last words in next s a moment of sudden revelation or insight the word, phrase, or clause to which a pronoun refers. a figure of speech in which one directly addresses an absent or imaginary person, or some abstraction movement from one idea or a particular tone to another a humorous play on words, ex. "I do it for the pun of it."

pression through imagery

the apparent contradiction

ed to people in the city)

mingly dissimilar objects

eelings in the poet

d third line are repeated throughout ted as last words in next stanza