“Remarks in Congress”
By: Louis T. McFadden

*Note: This text is from a booklet, published before zip codes, entitled "Congressman Louis T. McFadden on the Federal Reserve Corporation: Remarks in Congress, 1934." It is a merger of two different speeches; one in 1932, and another given after FDR became president. It was released by The Forum Publishing Company of Boston, Massachusetts. Facsimile or Text of the original ''1932 speech'' is taken from the original Congressional Record 1932, pages 12595 and 12596. On May 23, 1933, Congressman, Louis T. McFadden, brought formal charges against the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve Bank system, The Comptroller of the Currency, and the Secretary of United States Treasury, for numerous criminal acts, including, but not limited to, CONSPIRACY, FRAUD, UNLAWFUL CONVERSION, AND TREASON. The petition for Articles of Impeachment thereafter was referred to the Judiciary Committee, and has – YET TO BE ACTED ON !!! So, this ELECTRONIC BOOKLET should be reprinted, re-posted, set up on web pages, and circulated far and wide ! DO SOMETHING – HELP SAVE AMERICA!

Louis T. McFadden (1876-1936)

Congressman McFadden – on the Federal Reserve Corporation. Remarks in Congress, 1934 – AN ASTOUNDING EXPOSURE.
Reprinted by permission – 1978 Arizona Caucus Club.

Congressman McFadden's Speech – On the Federal Reserve: A Privately-Owned Corporation.
* * * 3.

there can be no accusation of partisanship lodged against him.'' which gives impetus to the ''Internal Revenue Service.'' Whereas Congressman McFadden was elected to the high office on both the Democratic and Republican tickets. we have in this Country one of the most corrupt I refer to the Federal Reserve Board and institutions the world has ever known. McFadden of Pennsylvania. . Chairman. the Federal Reserve Banks. The Federal Reserve – A Corrupt Institution: McFadden: "Mr. The Fed has cheated the Government of these United States and the people of the United States out of enough money to pay the Nation's debt. on or about the years 1932 and 1934. Congressman McFadden. was the best posted man on these matters in America. and was in a position to speak with authority on the vast ramifications of this gigantic private credit monopoly known as ''The Federal Reserve. due to his having served as Chairman of the Banking and Currency Committee for more than 10 years. The depredations and iniquities of the Page 4 of 97.Remarks in Congress as recorded in the Congressional Record: The following are quotations from several speeches made on the Floor of the House of Representatives by the Honorable Louis T. hereinafter called the Fed. Because these speeches are set out on their face as recorded in the Congressional Record. they carry weight that no amount of condemnation on the part of private individuals could hope to carry.

"Some people think that the Federal Reserve Banks [are] United States Government institutions. "These twelve private credit monopolies were deceitfully and disloyally foisted upon this Country by the bankers who came here from Europe and repaid us our Page 5 of 97. there are those who maintain International propaganda for the purpose of deceiving us into granting of new concessions which will permit them to cover up their past misdeeds and set again in motion their gigantic train of crime. It has done this through the defects of the law under which it operates. there are those who send money into states to buy votes to control our legislatures. In that dark crew of financial pirates there are those who would cut a man's throat to get a dollar out of his pocket. foreign and domestic speculators and swindlers. "This evil institution has impoverished and ruined the people of these United States. had bankrupted itself.Fed has cost enough money to pay the National debt several times over. and has practically bankrupted our Government. through the mal-administration of that law by the Fed and through the corrupt practices of the moneyed vultures who control it. They are private monopolies which prey upon the people of these United States for the benefit of themselves and their foreign customers. . and rich and predatory money lenders.

They have since begun the breaking up of American homes and the dispersal of American children. He was the tool.hospitality by undermining our American institutions. and I do not speak with any. through him. Those bankers took money out of this Country to finance Japan in a war against Russia. with our money. . the National Monetary Association. "In 1912. in order to help that war along. Senator Aldrich did not write the Aldrich bill. Russian homes might be thoroughly broken up and Russian children flung far and wide from their natural protectors. They created a reign of terror in Russia. there should be no partisanship in matters concerning banking and currency affairs in this Country. made a report and presented a vicious bill called the National Reserve Association bill. under the chairmanship of the late Senator Nelson W. Aldrich. They financed Trotsky's passage from New York to Russia so that he might assist in the destruction of the Russian Empire. This bill is usually spoken of as the Aldrich bill. "Mr. Chairman. if not the accomplice. of the European bankers who for nearly twenty years had been Page 6 of 97. and thus drove a wedge between the allies in World War [ I ]. They fomented and instigated the Russian Revolution. and placed a large fund of American dollars at Trotsky's disposal in one of their branch banks in Sweden so that. They instigated the separate peace between Germany and Russia.

the wormeaten monarchical institution of the "King's Bank. which is the present curse of this Country and which wrecked every country which has ever given it scope. in our free Country. and from the cradle to the grave. and who in 1912 has spent and were continuing to spend vast sums of money to accomplish their purpose. if they were returned to power. that promise was broken. it fastened down upon the Country the very tyranny from which the framers of the Constitution sought to save us. founded on Page 7 of 97. under the tutelage of those sinister Wall Street figures who stood behind Colonel House. Thirteen months later. when the second Bank of the United States. "The Federal Reserve Bank destroyed our old and characteristic way of doing business. established here. there would be no central bank established here while they held the reigns of government. It discriminated against our 1-name commercial paper. and the Wilson administration. the finest in the world." to control us from the top downward. The men who rule the Democratic Party then promised the people that. "We were opposed to the Aldrich plan for a central bank. . President Jackson's time: "One of the greatest battles for the preservation of this Republic was fought out here in Jackson's time. and it set up the antiquated 2-name paper.scheming to set up a central bank in this Country.

You tell me that if I take the deposits from the bank and annul That may be true. I shall ruin ten thousand families. and by the eternal God. on or about 1834: “Gentlemen. gentlemen. and through him acquire control of the Government.” McFadden: "The danger that the Country was warned against came upon us and is shown in the long train of horrors attendant upon the affairs of the traitorous and dishonest Fed.'' President Andrew Jackson to the Bankers. was hurled out of existence. and I am convinced that you have used the funds of the bank to speculate in the breadstuffs of the country. should come back in. Look around you when you leave this Chamber Page 8 of 97. in 1837. disguise and unite themselves to the Executive. you charged it to the bank. After that. When you won.the same false principles of those which are here exemplified in the Fed. after being cast out. That is what the predatory interests did when they came back in the livery of hypocrisy and under false pretenses obtained the passage of the Fed. . I have had men watching you for a long time. I will rout you out. and when you lost. I intend to and that would be my sin! rout you out. the Country was warned against the dangers that might ensue if the predatory interests. you will ruin fifty thousand families. you divided the profits amongst you. You are a den of vipers and thieves. but its charter. that is your sin! Should I let you go on.

He appropriated the text of the Aldrich bill. he obtained employment with Carter Glass to assist in drawing the banking bill for the Wilson administration. This is an era of financed crime and. and. in the financing of crime. Dr. Parker Willis had been employed by Wall Street and propagandists. the Fed are fully liable. Senator Henry Cabot Lodge. and when the Aldrich measure failed. The test of the Federal Reserve Act was tainted from the first. There is no secret about it. "A few days before the bill came to a vote. namely an asset currency based on human debts and obligations. a translation of the statues of the Reichsbank and other European central banks. for the conditions that caused that misery.and you will see evidences of it in all sides. It was a copy in general. of Page 9 of 97. One-half million dollars was spent on the part of the propaganda organized by these bankers for the purpose of misleading public opinion and giving Congress the impression that there was an overwhelming popular demand for it and the kind of currency that goes with it. the Fed does not play the part of a disinterested spectator. This is an era of misery. . "It has been said that the draughtsman who was employed to write the text of the Fed used a text of the Aldrich bill because that had been drawn up by lawyers [retained] by acceptance bankers of European origin in New York. H.

I should be sorry to hold stock in a bank The bill as it stands seems to me to open the way I had hoped to support this bill. Through the Fed. Very Truly Yours. I have supported all measures designed to take the Government out of the banking business. and swindlers in all parts of the world. Federal Reserve Board seem to me highly dangerous. Henry Cabot Lodge. the riffraff of every country is operating on the public credit of the United States Government. all of his predictions have come true. bootlegger's." McFadden: "In eighteen years that have passed since Senator Lodge wrote that letter of warning.Massachusetts. but I to a vast inflation of the currency. Page 10 of 97. and to the general welfare of the people of the United States. wrote to Senator John W. speculators. The Government is in the banking business as never before. 1913 "My Dear Senator Weeks: Throughout my public life. cannot vote for it because it seems to me to contain features and to rest upon principles in the highest degree menacing to our prosperity. stability in business. Weeks as follows: New York City. smugglers. This bill puts the Government into the The powers vested in the banking business as never before in our history. December 17. . especially where there is political control of the Board. subject to such dominations. Against its will. it has been made the backer of horse thieves and card sharks.

The Scheme of the Fed: "In 1913. cumbersome machinery. and then control the issue and maintain. 60.The Great Depression: "Meanwhile and on account of it. we ourselves are in the midst of the greatest depression we have ever known. They are the victims of the Fed. At no time in our history has the general welfare of the people been at a lower level. Mr. our Country has been ravaged and laid waste by the evil practices of the Fed and the interests which control them. before the Senate Banking and Currency Committee. "Recently in one of our States. . instead of Page 11 of 97. Alexander Lassen made the following statement: "The whole scheme of the Fed.000 houses and farms in Oakland County. Michigan. The people who have thus been driven out are the wastage of the Fed. 71.000 dwelling houses and farms were brought under the hammer (foreclosed on) in a single day. From the Atlantic to the Pacific. Their children are the new slaves of the auction blocks in the revival of the institution of human slavery. were sold and their erstwhile owners dispossessed. or the minds of the people so full of despair. is an impractical. is simply a cover to secure the privilege of issuing money. with its commercial paper. and to evade payment of as much tax upon circulation as possible.

an asset currency. will have vanished. They should not have made the Government [liable on the private] debts of individuals and corporations. for when there is a shortage of money.'' McFadden: "If ever a prophecy came true. When the proponents of the act saw that the Democratic doctrine would not permit them to let the proposed banks issue the new currency as bank notes.. It is the worst currency and the most dangerous that this Country has ever known. The Fed became law the day before Christmas Eve. It will prove to the advantage of the few and the It will mean continued shortage of actual money and further extension of credits. and no rate of interest will tempt it to return. . "The Fed Note is essentially unsound. interest rates. they should have stopped at that. They should not have foisted that kind of currency. our gold. in the year 1913. on the United States Government. and shortly afterwards.reducing. Kuhn. people have to borrow to their cost. which alone could have kept us from catastrophe. detriment of the people. sent one of their partners here to run it. He predicted: ''Long before we wake up from our dream of prosperity through an inflated currency. least of all." A few days before the Fed passed. and. the German International bankers. namely. Senator Root denounced the Fed as an outrage on our liberties. Loeb and Co. that one did. on Page 12 of 97.

but in substance. Mr. L. have some of the qualities of Government paper money. stringencies and panics. As Kemerer says: ''The Fed Notes. when the bill was under discussion. it assumes the responsibility: looking to the Fed to recoup itself. when the General Public finds [how much] it costs to deliver this paper to the Fed. interest rates Page 13 of 97. the first element of unsoundness is not far to seek. said. to ward off or cause By making money artificially scarce. . therefore. Crozier of Cincinnati said: ''The imperial power of elasticity of the public currency is wielded exclusively by the central corporations owned by the banks. are almost a pure asset currency possessing a Government guarantee against which contingency the Government has made no provision whatever [but for governors' convention pledging the American People as collateral or 'chattel' ].'' McFadden: "If this United States is to redeem the Fed Notes.the private debts of foreigners. This is a life and death power over all local banks and all It can be used to create or destroy prosperity. Hill. in form. and truly: "They [Fed Reserve Notes] are obligations of the Government for which the United States received nothing and for the payment of which. business.'' McFadden: "Hon. at any time. and if the Government has made no provisions for redeeming them. "Before the Banking and Currency Committee. J. a former member of the House.

without the consent of and on terms fixed by these 12 private money trusts. if a Scottish distiller wishes to send a cargo of Scotch whiskey Page 14 of 97. but of all other currency. but mere promises to pay. Chairman. the initial monopoly has been extended by vicious amendments to the Fed and by the unlawful and treasonable practices of the Fed. Not a dollar can be put into circulation among the people by their Government. the proponents of the Fed created the 12 private credit corporations. every dollar of the public currency and all public revenue of the United States. "Since the evil day when this was done. . and gave them an absolute monopoly of the currency of these United States. Money for the Scottish Distillers: "Mr. and without the slightest benefit to the people. The 12 Corporations together cover [industry] and monopolize and use. which are not money. The Fed Act [is] providing ways and means by which the gold and general currency in the hands of the American people could be obtained by the Fed in exchange for Fed Notes. not of the Fed Notes alone.'' McFadden: "In defiance of this and all other warnings.throughout the Country can be arbitrarily raised and the bank tax on all business and cost of living increased for the profit of the banks owning these regional central banks. for private gain.

to these United States. where the Fed will buy it and use it as collateral for a new issue of Fed Page 15 of 97. Chairman. or if the Coast Guard seizes it and destroys it. the Fed are in the distillery business in Europe and paying bootlegger bills with public credit of these United States. Mr. the Fed simply write off the loss and the government never recovers the money that was paid to the Scotch distiller. the Scotch distiller can send that bill to the nefarious open discount market in New York City where the Fed will buy it and use it as collateral for a new issue of Fed Notes. Why should the Fed be permitted to finance the brewing industry in Germany either in this way or as they do by compelling small and fearful United States Banks to take stock in the Isenbeck Brewery and in the German Bank for brewing industries? Mr. "While we are attempting to enforce prohibition here. Thus the Government of these United States pay the Scotch distiller for the whiskey before it is shipped. he can draw his bill against the purchasing bootlegger in dollars and after the bootlegger has accepted it by writing his name across the face of it. by the same process. . it can draw its bill against the Japanese customers in dollars and send that bill to the nefarious open discount market in New York City. and if it is lost on the way. they compel our Government to pay the German brewer for his beer. Chairman. if Dynamit Nobel of Germany wishes to sell dynamite in Japan to use in Manchuria or elsewhere.

. Chairman. Mr. or any Country. and have it purchased by the Fed and get the money out of this Country at the expense of the American people before he has even planted the beans in the ground. Chairman. why should the currency of these United States be issued on the strength of German Beer? Why should it be issued on the crop of unplanted beans to be grown in Chili for Japanese consumption? Why should these United States be compelled to issue many billions of dollars every year to pay the debts of one foreigner to another foreigner? Was it for this [reason] that our National Bank depositors had their money taken out of our banks and shipped abroad? Page 16 of 97. "Why should we send our representatives to the disarmament conference at Geneva. or even manufactures the goods. if a German wishes to raise a crop of beans and sell them to a Japanese customer. while the Fed is making our Government pay Japanese debts to German Munitions makers? "Mr. Chairman. the Fed will be helping Dynamit Nobel by stuffing its stock into the United States banking system. if a German in Germany wishes to export goods to South America. "Mr. he can draw a bill against his prospective Japanese customer in dollars. while at the same time.Notes. he can draw his bill against his customers and send it to these United States and get the money out of this Country before he ships.

until our markets were swamped with un-needed and un-wanted imported goods priced far above their value and made to equal the dollar volume of our honest exports. "What we need to do is to send the reserves of our National Banks home to the people who earned and produced them and who still own them. Our structures have been gutted and only the walls are left standing. . Naturally there has been great competition among foreigners for the favors of the Fed. narcotic drug vendors. While being perpetrated. wig makers. They act for their foreign principal and they accept fees from foreigners for acting against the best interests of these United States. the Fed try by every means in their power to reduce our favorable balance of trade. whiskey distillers. human hair merchants. Chilean bean growers. and to the Page 17 of 97. and to kill or reduce our favorable balance of trade. to finance the munition factories of Germany and Soviet Russia? The United States has been ransacked: "The United States has been ransacked and pillaged. As Agents of the foreign central banks.Was it for this [reason] that they had to lose it? Why should the public credit of these United States and likewise money belonging to our National Bank depositors be used to support foreign brewers. everything the world would rake up to sell us was brought in here at our expense by the Fed.

you are holding a piece of paper which sooner or later is going to cost the United States Government $10. The Fed are the agents of the foreign central banks. It is based on 'Limburger cheese' (purported to be Only our great wealth enabled us to in foreign warehouses) or in cans purported to contain peas (but may contain salt water instead). stand the drain of it as long as we did. Chairman.00 in gold.00 Fed Note in your hand. wherein our national reserves are impounded for the benefit of the foreigners. illicit drugs. "We need to destroy the Fed. or horse meat. They use our bank depositors' money for the benefit of their foreign principals. bootleggers fancies.banks which were compelled to surrender them to predatory interests. there is nothing like the Fed pool of confiscated bank deposits in the world. "Mr. It is a public trough of American wealth in which the foreigners claim rights equal to or greater than Americans. rags and bones Page 18 of 97. We need to save America for Americans. . Chairman. and hire it to foreigners at a profit to themselves. and at a sickening loss to the American people. Spurious Securities: "Mr. when you hold a $10. "All this is done at the expense of the United States Government. They barter the public credit of the United States Government.

1932. whiskey.000 belonging to American bank depositors in gold to Germany. or any of the other staples. another $300. garlic on the string.000. If you desire to obtain the thing of value upon which this paper currency is based.000 in gold was shipped to Germany. goat and dog fur. "If you like to have paper money. A week later. "Many of these worshipful commodities are in foreign Countries. "On April 27. I do not think that you would find them there if you . the illicit drugs. since the German marks are below parity with the dollar. $12. natural gas. the Fed outfit sent $750. the Limburger cheese. on wines. About the middle of May. Almost every week there is a shipment of gold to Germany. which is secured by such commodities.000 in gold was shipped to Germany by the Fed. Chairman. and Bombay ducks. Are you going to Germany to inspect her warehouses to see if the specified things of value are there? did go. "Mr. the whiskey.from Soviet Russia (of which these United States imported over a million dollars worth last year). These shipments are not made for profit on the exchange.] more. you will have a very hard time finding them. I believe that the National Bank depositors of these United Page 19 of 97. that is. you have it in Fed Note. I think [not.

we had over a half billion dollars outstanding daily to finance foreign goods.States have a right to know what the Fed are doing with their money. Chairman. but which are being financed on the public credit of the United States Government? What goods are those upon which the United States Government is being obligated by the Fed to issue Fed Notes to the extent of several billions of dollars a year? The Bankers' Acceptance Racket: "The Fed have been International Banks from the beginning. Page 20 of 97. In 1930. What goods are these on which the Fed yearly pledge several billions of dollars? In its yearly total. with these United States as their enforced banker and supplier of currency. "What goods are those which are hidden in European and Asiatic stores [and] have not been seen by any officer of our Government. and that all their deposits can be paid away to foreigners without their knowledge or consent by the crooked machinery of the Fed and the questionable practices of the Fed. There are millions of National Bank depositors in the Country who do not know that a percentage of every dollar they deposit in a Member Bank of the Fed goes automatically to American Agents of the foreign banks. But it is none the less . this item amounts to several billions of dollars of the public credit of these United States. "Mr. the American people should be told the truth by their servants in office.

past ten years. in all parts of the world.000.000. who set up the Fed here and taught your own [bankers]. strange that the burden of supplying these immense sums of money to the gambling fraternity has at last proved too heavy for the American people to endure? Would it not be a national calamity if the Fed should again bind down this burden on the backs of the American people. how to loot the people.000 [ninety-billion dollars]. and asking the Government of these United States for new issues of Fed notes in exchange for them. "Fed Notes are taken from the U. the gambling in the United States securities.000. a gambling on which the Fed is now spending $100. compel them to enter another seventeen Page 21 of 97.000. Government in unlimited quantities. to the extent of billions of dollars. I say the magnitude of this racket is estimated In the to be in the neighborhood of $9. it is said to have amounted to $90. In my opinion. S. Is it . The magnitude of the acceptance racket. [encompasses] their foreign correspondents and the predatory European born bankers. as it has been developed by the Fed. it has amounted to several times that much. and by means of a long rawhide whip of the credit masters.extraordinary to see these twelve private credit monopolies buying the debts of foreigners against foreigners.000.000 [nine-billion dollars] per year.000 [one-hundred-million dollars] per week. Coupled to this. by and of pirates. which takes place in the same open discount market. you have.

690. Think of it. The actual amount of such obligations called for six Page 22 of 97. In 1928. Sixty billion dollars payable on demand in gold in the course of one single year.000.000 a week.000 [sixty-billion. The Fed is not producing a loaf of bread.000. a bushel of corn. they are buying our Government securities for themselves and their foreign principals. five-hundred-ninety-eight-million. sixhundred-ninety-thousand dollars] from the Fed on their fifteen-day promissory notes.000 [onehundred-million dollars] of the public credit of the United States every week. "They are putting the United States Government in debt to the extent of $100. I made the following statement: In the course of my remarks. a yard of cloth. and with the money. Our people are disgusted with the experiences of the Fed.years of slavery? "They are trying to do that now. I addressed the House on the subject of the Reconstruction Finance Corporation. or a pile of cord-wood by its check-kiting operations in the money market. They are trying to take $100. in addition to all their other seizures. . Speaker. "Mr. and they are sending that money to the nefarious open market in a desperate gamble to re-establish their graft as a going concern. the member banks of the Fed borrowed $60.598. on the 13th of January of this year.

of about $7. they were subsidized to any amount they required by the Fed. the year of the stock market crash.598.000 [fifty-eight-billion dollars] to member banks.690. They got out with whole skins. the bankers knew it in advance. This shows that when the banks were gambling on the public credit of these United States. the Fed advanced $58. twenty-two-million.000 to its member banks at the expense of the wage earners and tax payers of these United States. has at last proved unequal to the task of supplying this huge total of cash and credit for the benefit of the stock market manipulators and foreign swindlers? In 1933.000.000 [thirteen-billion. "In 1930.000. Page 23 of 97. .000 [sevenmillion dollars] to every member of the Fed. In 1929. When the swindle began to fall. seven-hundred-eighty-two-thousand dollars].782.000. "Is it any wonder that American labor. the Fed presented the staggering amount of $60. as represented by the Fed currency. Such transactions represent a grant.times as much monetary gold as there is in the world. in the course of one single year. which ultimately pays the cost of all banking operations of this Country. and withdrew from the market. while the speculating banks were getting out of the stock market at the expense of the general public.022. the Fed advanced them $13. and left the people of these United States to pay the piper.

] or a parcel of Page 24 of 97. but they lend comparatively little that way. to whom the acquisition of American [Notes. they lent $33. The theft of Teapot Dome was trifling compared to it. has stated that he thought the Fed lent money on re-discounting.000 [sixtybillion dollar] advances. It is too slow for genuine high flyers. Mr. So they do.000. where they can use it to control the price of stocks and bonds on the exchanges. They prefer to subsidize their favorite banks by making them $60. What King ever robbed his subject to such an extent as the Fed has robbed us? Is it any wonder that there have been lately ninety Is there any wonder that cases of starvation in one of the New York hospitals? the children are being abandoned? "The government and the people of these United States have been swindled by swindlers deluxe.000. . The real discounting that they do has been called a mere penny in the slot business."My friend from Kansas. and they prefer to acquire assistance in the notorious open discount market in New York. The John Law Swindle: "This is the John Law swindle over again. McGugin.00 to their favorite banks for whom they do a business of several billion dollars income tax on their profits to these United States. "For every dollar they advanced on discounts in 1928. They discourage it.

exchanging that currency for gold. That is what happens when a Country forsakes its Constitution and gives its sovereignty over the public currency to private interests. was drawn from the government and the people of the United States through the Fed. Ivar Kreuger. Give them the flag . and getting the currency out of the Fed for it as quickly as possible. endorsing it. Page 25 of 97. The credit of the United States Government was peddled to him by the Fed for their own private gain. and they will sell it. a "fence" acting as a receiver of a worthless paper coming from abroad. transmitting the gold to its foreign confederates. sharpers with strong banking "fence" on this side of the water. presented no more difficulty than the drawing up of a worthless acceptance in a Country not subject to the laws of these United States. Hoover's friend. the Match King: "Such were the exploits of Ivar Krueger. Every dollar of the billions Kreuger and his gang drew out of this Country on acceptances. That is what the Fed has been doing for many years. and his rotten Wall Street bankers. by sharpers not subject to the jurisdiction of these United States. "They have been peddling the credit of this Government and the signature (liability) of this Government to the swindlers and speculators of all nations. and in turn. Mr.Fed Notes.

Colombia never saw that money. The bankrupt condition of Krueger's swindle was known here last summer when $30.000.000 [thirty-million dollars] was taken from the American taxpayers by certain bankers in New York for the ostensible purpose of permitting Krueger to make a loan to Colombia. I think the people of the United States are entitled to know how many billions of dollars were placed at the disposal of Krueger and his gigantic combine by the Fed. Hoover. with a white face and shaking hands. went before the Senate on behalf of the moneyed interests and asked the Senate to levy a tax on the people so that foreigners might Page 26 of 97.000 [one-hundred-twenty-five-million dollars] from the operation of the Hoover Moratorium. the President of the United States. It was known here in March before he . Chairman.000."The nature of Kreuger's organized swindle and the bankrupt condition of Kreuger's combine was known here last June when Hoover sought to exempt Krueger's loan to Germany of $125. Mr. "Mr. and to know how much of our Government currency was issued and lost in the financing of that great swindle in the years during which the Fed took care of Krueger's requirements. "A few days ago. at the White House. went to Paris and committed suicide. "The nature of Krueger's swindle was known here in January when he visited his friend.

. begging for a handout from the Government. where all the jackals have gathered to the feast. Loeb and Co. at the It is door of the R. cap in hand. and wants this money of the poor for the benefit of Kuhn. What does these United States owe foreigners? When and by whom was the debt incurred? It was incurred by the Fed. the German International Bankers. F. C.know that these United States would pay its debt to them. "Most Americans thought it was the other way around. It is what the United States Government has to pay to redeem the obligations of the Fed. It is It is standing. asking for money that was raised from the people by taxation. . Thieves Go Scot Free: "Are you going to let these thieves get off scot free? Is there one law for the looter who drives up to the door of the United States Treasury in his limousine and another for the United States Veterans who are sleeping on the floor of a dilapidated house on the outskirts of Washington? "The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad is here asking for a large loan from the people and the wage earners and the taxpayers of these United States. Page 27 of 97. when they peddled the signature of the Government to foreigners for a Price.

F. and was unlawfully taken from them.000 [one-billion. "It will take twenty years to redeem our Government. they sent it to Europe. within the limits of the time allowed me. They took that extra money which they had persuaded the American people to put into the banks."Is there one law for the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad and another for the hungry veterans it threw off its freight cars the other day? Is there one law for sleek and prosperous swindlers who call themselves bankers and another law for the soldiers who defended the flag? The R.300. they have sent $1. In the last several months. bank deposits. "The Fed lately conducted an anti-hoarding campaign here. Chairman.000. I cannot enter into a Page 28 of 97. . Twenty years of penal servitude to pay off the gambling debts of the traitorous Fed and to vast flood of American wages and savings. Fiat Money: "Mr. is taking over these worthless securities from the Investment Trusts with United States Treasury money at the expense of the American taxpayer and the wage earner. and every dollar of that gold belonged to the people of these United States. along with the rest. three-hundred-million dollars] in gold to their foreign employers. C. their foreign masters. and the United States Government credit which the Fed exported out of this country to their foreign principals.

indeed! "What Mr. Consequently. I introduced a resolution here asking for an examination and an audit of the Fed and all related matters. for the people. If the House sees fit to make such an investigation. He has no horror of dishonest money. last December. I have singled out the Fed currency for a few remarks because there has lately been some talk here of "fiat money. The man who deceives the people is a traitor to these United States. Page 29 of 97. the people of these United States will obtain information of great value. nothing should be concealed from the people. This is a Government of the people. Mills is fighting for is the preservation. whole and entire. . If he had. Chairman. "Mr." What kind of money is being pumped into the open discount market and through it into foreign channels and stock exchanges? Mr. Mills of the Treasury has spoken here of his horror of the printing presses and his horror of dishonest money. "Fiat money. of the bankers' monopoly of all the currency of the United States Government.particularized discussion of the Fed. he would be no party to the present gambling of the Fed in the nefarious open discount market of New York. a market in which the sellers are represented by 10 discount corporations owned and organized by the very banks which own and control the Fed. by the people.

. Women will be saved. Speaker. three-hundred-million dollars]. but the truth is. Immense numbers of the notes are now held abroad. "No man and no body of men is more entrenched in power than the arrogant credit monopoly which operated the Fed. I am told that they amount to upwards of a billion dollars. It controls everything here and it controls It makes and breaks governments at will. and American children will not be dispersed and abandoned. the Fed has usurped the Government. the Americans will not need to stand in the bread line. or to suffer and die of starvation in the streets. it is a monstrous thing for this great nation of people to have its destinies presided over by a traitorous government board acting in secret concert with international usurers."The man who knows or suspects that a crime has been committed and who conceals and covers up that crime is an accessory to it. If that claim is enforced. which Page 30 of 97.000 [one-billion. Mr. "Here is a Fed Note. What National Government has permitted the Fed to steal from the people should now be restored to the people. all of our foreign relations. They constitute a claim against our Government and likewise a claim against our peoples' money to the extent of $1.300. "Every effort has been made by the Fed to conceal its powers.000. The people have a valid claim against the Fed. families will be kept together.

produced by cheaply paid foreign labor. "The Fed are spending $100. .has. World Enslavement Planned: "Mr. cheap goods. the people of these United States did not perceive that a world system was being set up here which would make the savings of the American school teacher available to a narcotic-drug vendor in Page 31 of 97. on unlimited supplies of money and credit sent out of this Country by the dishonest and unscrupulous Fed. "Why should we promise to pay the debts of foreigners to foreigners? Why should the Fed be permitted to finance our competitors in all parts of the world? Do you know why the tariff was raised? It was raised to shut out the flood of Fed Goods pouring in here from every quarter of the globe.000.000 a week buying government securities in the open market and are making a great bid for foreign business. been shipped abroad to redeem Fed Notes and to pay other gambling debts of the traitorous Fed. when the Fed was passed. They are trying to make rates so attractive that the human hair merchants and the distillers and other business entities in foreign land will come here and hire more of the public credit of the United States Government to pay the Fed outfit for getting it for them. The greater part of our money stock has been shipped to other lands. within the last few months. Chairman.

They have been driven from their employments. the cupboard is bare. They have been dispossessed from their homes. that Russia was destined to supply the man power and that this country was to supply the financial power to an "international superstate.Acapulco. but So far as the people of the Page 32 of 97. They have been evicted from their rented quarters. food. "The people of these United States are being greatly wronged. They have lost their children. They have been left to suffer and die for lack of shelter. "It is true that the warehouses and coal yards and grain elevators are full. clothing and medicine. . United States are concerned. "The wealth of these United States and the working capital have been taken away from them and has either been locked in the vaults of certain banks and the great corporations or exported to foreign countries for the benefit of the foreign customers of these banks and corporations. and international industrialists acting together to enslave the world for their own pleasure." A superstate controlled by international bankers. They did not perceive that these United States was to be lowered to the position of a coolie country which has nothing but raw material and heart.

amounting to billions of dollars.B. Young. Mills. and in years previous to 1928. Newton. Andrew W. . 1932 and 1933. Payton. Federal Reserve Agents. J. Eugene B. Curtis. Austin. Poole. M.000.F. Isaac B. Government in the year 1928.H. "Whereas.S. H. "Mr. to the extent Page 33 of 97.S.S. and foreign countries. a serious situation confronts the House of Representatives today. George R. Government credit in specific amounts to the credit of foreign governments and foreign central banks of issue. and – "Whereas I charge them. E. F.N. I rise to a question of constitutional privilege. Speaker.Eugene Meyer. "What is needed here is a return to the Constitution of these United States. private interests and commercial and private banks of the U. Charles S. Crimes and Criminals: "Mr. Oscar Newton. the people are losing the rights guaranteed to them by the Constitution. Their property has been taken from them without due process of law.L. Hamlin. Adolph Casper Miller. I charge.S. William H. McClure. common decency requires us to examine the public accounts of the Government and see what crimes against the public welfare have been committed. jointly and severally. W.000 [eighty-billion dollars] from the U.S Treasury which were not appropriated by the Congress of the United States. Through the Fed.. L. Mr. Roy A.000 in the year 1928. O'Connor. 1930. George De Camp.000.S.L. with having unlawfully created claims against the U.000. members of the Federal Reserve Board.these are padlocked. Chairman. Ogden L. R. Wood. C. and whereas I charge them with having taken funds from the U. We are trustees of the people and the rights of the people are being taken away from them. Stevens. Edmund Platt. Chane.W. Woo W. . 1931. . Mellon.000. J. Walsh. jointly and severally.T.S. J.C. and the great banks and corporations hold the keys. James.M. Treasury to the extent of over $80. Chairman. and I charge them with having unlawfully taken over $80. "The sack of these United States by the Fed is the greatest crime in history. Williams. Hoxton. Treasury by unlawfully placing U. and I charge them with similar thefts committed in 1929. J. the said unlawful taking consisting of the unlawful creation of claims against the U. Black. with violations of the Constitution and laws of the United States. and branches of foreign banks doing business in the U.S.

for gold or gold values. and – "Whereas I charge them. jointly and severally. and with having unlawfully permitted renewals of acceptances and renewals of other circulating evidences of debt. Government credit unlawfully taken. foreign governments. Government and the U. and with having again purchased U.S.S. of billions of dollars by the commission of this crime. the interest resulting therefrom to be paid by the Fed Banks to the government of the U. and – "Whereas I charge them. and with having assisted in the execution of said sinister purpose. and – "Whereas I charge them. and the Bank of International Settlements. Government securities back to the people of the U. and – "Whereas I charge them. with having unlawfully negotiated U. and – "Whereas I charge them. foreign central banks of issues. and with having substituted such securities for gold which was being held as collateral security for Fed Notes. jointly and severally. with having unlawfully issued Fed currency on false. 1933.S. and with having conspired to obtain a release for the Fed Board and the Fed Banks from their contractual liability to redeem all Fed currency in gold or lawful money at the Fed Bank. and with having again sold the said U. and I charge them of having defrauded the U.S.S.S.S. Government and the people of the U. . and – "Whereas I charge them. by this rotary process. Treasury. jointly and severally.S.. and with having made unlawful issues and advances of Fed currency on the security of said artificially created evidences of debt for a sinister purpose. upon which the Government liability was extinguished.S. and with having sold the said U.S.S. Government securities.. with having brought about the repudiation of the currency obligations of the Fed Banks to the people of the U. jointly and severally..S. and with having by the process defrauded the U. and – "Whereas I charge them. Treasury.000. jointly and severally. Government and the people of the U. Government security for gold or gold values.S. with having conspired to have evidences of debt to the extent of $1. and with having made unlawful contracts in the name of the U.S.S.S. jointly and severally. and with having permitted acceptance bankers and discount dealer corporations and other private bankers to violate the banking laws of the U. and I charge them with the theft of all the gold and currency they obtained by this process.000 [one-billion dollars] artificially created at the end of February. and with having conspired to have the debts and losses of the Fed Board and the Fed Banks unlawfully transferred to the Government and the people of the U. and with having put Fed Notes into circulation without obeying the mandatory provision of the Fed Act. in order that the gold value of the said currency might be given to private interests. for the use of the Fed Notes.S. which requires the Fed Board to fix an interest rate on all issues of Fed Notes supplied to Fed Banks.. with having brought about a repudiation of the national currency of the U. and with having defrauded the holders of Fed currency. jointly and severally. and the people of the U. and with thus having obtained money under false pretenses. worthless and fictitious acceptances and other circulating evidence of debt. and with having made unlawful advances of Fed currency. and early in March 1933. Government securities with U.S. Government and the people of the U.S.S.000. Government credit unlawfully taken. jointly and severally. to be left without gold or lawful money and with no currency other that a paper currency irredeemable in gold.S.of billions of dollars.S. with having purchased U. and I charge them with having done this for the Page 34 of 97.S. with having unlawfully substituted Fed currency and other irredeemable paper currency for gold in the hands of the people after the decision to repudiate the Fed currency and the national currency was made known to them. Government securities with U. as collateral security for Fed Notes. and I charge them with having defrauded the U. and with having made false entries on books of account.. and – "Whereas I charge them. with having taken Fed Notes from the U. [unused] Fed Notes.

money and currency in circulation.S. and I charge them with having unlawfully permitted and made possible 'new financing' for foreigners at the expense of the U.S.000. and the Bank of International Settlements. to the lowest rate per capita in the history of the Government. and with having unlawfully permitted the said foreign securities to be imported into the U. both real and personal. and private and commercial banks.S.S. and by unlawful sale of U. wages. no provision for payment in gold or lawful money appearing in the so-called Farm Relief bill. money in coins and paper currency exported.000. of their lawful medium of exchange. Government securities to the extent of $3. coins and currency for a sinister purpose.S. foreign corporations.S. and I charge them with concealment and evasion in refusing to make known the amount of U. by theft of funds from the U..000 [three-billion dollars]. and the bank of International Settlements. by unlawful manipulation of money rates and the volume of U. foreign central banks of issue. Treasury.000. and with having unlawfully permitted and made possible the bringing into the United States of immense quantities of foreign securities. foreign central banks of issue. gold reserves abroad. Government's own credit unlawfully taken. foreign commercial banks.000 and will then Page 35 of 97. as a result of which refusal the Congress of the U. with having unlawfully exported U. with having brought about the decline in prices on the New York Stock Exchange and other exchanges in October. and – "Whereas the U. and foreign individuals with funds unlawfully taken from the U.S.S.S. salaries and property values. and – "Whereas I charge them. private interests.S. Government for the said U.S.S. Government securities.. Treasury by gambling in acceptances and U. Government securities on the Fed to enable them to pay more on their bad debts to foreign governments. for export to the U. and – "Whereas the unconstitutional inflation law imbedded in the so-called Farm Relief Act.S.S.000. and with having lawfully permitted and facilitated the sale of the said foreign securities in the U.000. Government will thus go into debt to the extent of $3.benefit of private interests. 1929. with conniving with the Edge Law banks. so that the great mass of the people have been left without a sufficient medium of exchange.000 in the U. and – "Whereas I charge them. both foreign and domestic. currency is now held abroad. jointly and severally. on trade balances and otherwise. accepting banks.S. in the U. and to draw forth currency from the people's Treasury to the extent of $3.S.S.000. coins and issues of currency are at the present time. Government securities. and – "Whereas I charge them.000.000.S.S.. with having arbitrarily and unlawfully raised and lowered the rates of money and with having arbitrarily increased and diminished the volume of currency in circulation for the benefit of private interests at the expense of the Government and the people of the U.000. jointly and severally. created in foreign countries. it being obvious that the Fed do no not intend to pay anything of value to the U. and – "Whereas I charge them.S. Government will thus be placed in a position of conferring a gift of $3. and I charge them with having arbitrarily and unlawfully reduced the amount of money and currency in circulation in the U. and what amount of U. and the amount remaining in the U. by unlawful operations in the open discount market and by resale and repurchase agreements unsanctioned by law. by service rendered to foreign and domestic speculators and politicians. is unable to ascertain where the U. and with having deprived the people of the U. and other Edge Law institutions.S.000. Treasury to the extent of billions of dollars.S.S. and with having unlawfully manipulated money rates. and discount corporations.000. which was lawfully due to the U. by which the Fed Banks are given permission to buy U.S. Government securities to the extent of $3. instead of gold.S. .S.S. foreign central banks of issue. is likely to result in connivance on the part of said accused with others in the purchase by the Fed of the U. and the U. foreign governments. jointly and severally.000 with U. jointly and severally.S.

S.S. Government securities to the extent of $3.S. and – "Whereas I charge them. and the salaries of the people of the U. jointly and severally. the U. and I charge them with having sold gold reserves of the U. in the hands of foreigners and international money lenders. and with having unlawfully failed to report violations of law on the part of the Fed Banks which. and other foreign institutions and individuals at a profit to themselves. Treasury.S.000. Government funds and other deposits. and – "Whereas I charge them. to pay the debts of the Fed to foreigners.S to foreign Governments. the savings. upon the occasion of his latest visit to the U. would have caused the Fed Banks to lose their charters. and – "Whereas I charge them.000. Government securities so acquired.S.S.S. Government funds entrusted to their care. the Prime Minister of Great Britain. if known. Treasury.000 [one-hundred-billion dollars] of their debts and losses to the general public and the Government of the U. the wages.S.S.000. jointly and severally. and whereas there is grave danger that the accused will employ the provision creating U. jointly and severally. and whereas I charge them with forcing the bad debts of the Fed upon the general public covertly and dishonestly and with taking the general wealth and savings of the people of the U. and for which they maintain an account and perform services at the expense of the U. jointly and severally. and with having permitted the said insolvent institutions to receive U. jointly and severally.. and that they will convert the currency so obtained to the uses of Great Britain by secret arrangements with the Bank of England of which they are the agents. with having concealed the insolvency of the Fed and with having failed to report the insolvency of the Fed to the Congress and with having conspired to have the said insolvent institutions continue in operation.9 percent in 1924 to 37. and with having sold the gold reserves of the U.S. .000. Treasury. with having conspired to concentrate U. and with having conspired to transfer to foreigners and international money lenders title to and control of the financial resources of the U.S.000 in currency unlawfully created against it and whereas no private interest should be permitted to buy U.000... Government securities with the Government's own credit unlawfully taken and whereas currency should not be issued for the benefit of said private interest or any interests on U. and with having permitted them to transfer upward of $100.000 and three million in currency to be issuable thereupon for the benefit of themselves and their foreign principals. under false pretenses. and with the farms and the homes of the American people. gained no gold on net account but suffered a decline in its percentage of central gold reserves from the 45. and with having permitted them to exercise control over the gold reserves of the U.S. and – "Whereas I charge them. Government securities and thus the national debt of the U. and whereas it has been publicly stated and not denied that the inflation amendment of the Farm Relief Act is the matter of benefit which was secured by Ramsey MacDonald.5 percent in 1928 notwithstanding the fact that the U. and – "Whereas I charge them.S. foreign commercial and private banks.S. and with evasions of the Fed Law and other laws.000.S. with having fictitiously paid installments on the national debt with Government credit unlawfully taken.S.S. jointly and severally.. had a favorable balance of trade throughout that period. and – Page 36 of 97.have an additional claim of $3. with violations of the Fed Act and other laws. foreign central banks of issue.S. and with having permitted foreign debts of the Fed to be paid with the property. with the loss of the U.S. so that between 1924 and 1928. and – "Whereas I charge them.. and that they will likewise confer benefits upon the Bank of International Settlements for which they maintain an account and perform services at the expense of the U. with failure to protect and maintain the gold reserves and the gold stock and gold coinage of the U. with maladministration of the Fed Act.

jointly and severally. with the failure to furnish true reports of the business operations and the true conditions of the Fed to the Congress and the people.S. jointly and severally. jointly and severally. to hold such clerical. to investigate the official conduct of the Fed agents to determine whether. with unlawfully allowing Great Britain to share in the profits of the Fed at the expense of the Government and the people of the U.S. to requnce of such witnesses and the production of such books. by their theft and sale of the gold reserves of the U.S. jointly and severally. in December. and documents.S. which has necessitated to a large extent the destruction of our national defense and the reduction of the U. with swindling the U. with having destroyed independent banks in the U. jointly and severally. jointly and severally.S. and to the general public of the U.S..S. jointly and severally.S." ******************************************************* Page 37 of 97.S.S. or has adjourned. Such Committee shall report its finding to the House. and other unlawful transactiving created a deficit in the U. the Committee is authorized to sit and act during the present Congress at such times and places in the District of Columbia or elsewhere.S. and having furnished false and misleading reports to the congress of the U. with having published false and misleading propaganda intended to deceive the American people. with having robbed the U. from a first-class power to one that is dependent. and – "Whereas I charge them. from a rich and powerful nation to one that is internationally poor. Navy and other branches of the national defense.S.. to have such printing and binding done. to take such testimony. and other assistants. jointly and severally. with having conspired with their foreign principals and others to defraud the U. to lose its independence. with the crime of having treasonable conspired and acted against the peace and security of the U..S Government and the people of the U. and with having reduced the U. 1932."Whereas I charge them. they have been guilty of any high crime or misdemeanor which in the contemplation of the Constitution requires the interposition of the Constitutional powers of the House. "Resolve.. from receiving payment of the war debts due to the U. "For the purpose of this resolution. stenographic.. and – "Whereas I charge them.. Army and the U. and – "Whereas I charge them. from foreign nations. in the opinion of the said committee.S. and – "Whereas I charge them.S.S. and to prevent the people of the U. and – "Whereas I charge them. and with having treasonable conspired to destroy constitutional Government in the U.S. of having reduced the U.S. and – "Whereas I charge them.S..S. in pretending to have received payment from Great Britain of the amount due on the British war debt to the U. and – "Whereas I charge them.S. jointly and severally. whether or not the House is sitting. Treasury.. and – "Whereas I charge them. and with having thereby caused losses amounting to billions of dollars to the said banks. Government. and to make such expenditures as it deems necessary. has recessed. with having entered into secret agreements and illegal transactions with Montague Norman. together with such resolution or resolutions of impeachment. or other recommendations as it deems proper. jointly and severally. papers. and – "Whereas I charge them. and to cause the U. . that the Committee on the Judiciary is authorized and directed as a whole or by subcommittee. Governor of the Bank of England. Treasury and the people of the U.

New York. The first attack came in the form of two revolver shots fired at him from ambush as he was alighting from a cab in front of one of the Capital hotels. after a "dose" of "intestinal flue." /s/ Robert Edward Edmondson (Publicist-Economist). 1936. it can be revealed that not long after his public utterance against the encroaching powers of Judah. 1963. President Jackson replied: ''The Bank is trying to kill me – but I will kill it!" – Andrew Jackson. His life was only saved from what was subsequently announced as a poisoning by the presence of a physician friend at the banquet. the resolution and charge was referred to the Committee on the Judiciary. "He became violently ill after partaking of food at a political banquet at Washington. sudden-death" on Oct. After bankruptcy comes the Receivership. AND HAS YET TO BE ACTED ON!!! "Attacks on McFadden's Life Reported" Commenting on Former Congressman Louis T. The Federal Reserve Bank of New York reports in June. or DICTATORSHIP! "Freedom must be won anew each generation" Page 38 of 97. 1961. 14 says: Now that this sterling American patriot has made the Passing. October 14. After a failed assassination attempt. greatly expanded trade in their "acceptance" securities market." "Pelley's Weekly" of Oct.After some discussion and upon the motion of Mr. 3. This market has already bankrupted the Nation in the 1930's. the bullets burying themselves in the structure of the cab. who at once procured a stomach pump and subjected the Congressman to emergency treatment. Fortunately both shots missed him. . it became known among his intimates that he had suffered two attacks against his life. McFadden’s "heart-failure. said Congressman McFadden. Byrns.

'' . . . the inability of the colonists to get the power to issue their own money permanently out of the hands of [King] George III and the international bankers was the PRIME reason for the Revolutionary War.'' – Benjamin Franklin. "Whoever controls the volume of currency in any country is absolute master of all industry and commerce." – President James A. Garfield. ''If our nation can issue a dollar bond [debt and interest bearing], it can issue a dollar bill [debt and interest free]. makes a bill good also. The element that makes the bond good

The difference between the bond and the bill is that

the bond lets money brokers collect twice the amount of the bond and an additional 20 percent, whereas the currency pays nobody but those who contribute directly in some useful way. It is absurd to say that our country Both are

can issue $30 million in bonds and not $30 million in currency.

promises to pay, but one promise fattens the usurers [bankers] and the other helps the people.'' – Thomas Alva Edison, Inventor / Entrepreneur / Philanthropist. "It is well enough that people of the nation do not understand our banking and monetary system, for if they did, I believe there would be a revolution before tomorrow morning." – Henry Ford, Founder of Ford Motor Company. '' By a continuing process of inflation, governments can confiscate, secretly and unobserved, an important part of the wealth of their citizens. Page 39 of 97. There is no

subtler, surer means of overturning the existing basis of society than to debauch the currency. The process engages all the hidden forces of economic

laws on the side of destruction, and does it in a manner which not one in a million is able to diagnose . . .'' – John Maynard Keynes, Economist, Minister of the British Treasury; Author of the book – ''The Economic Consequences Of Peace'' (1920). JOINT RESOLUTION TO SUSPEND THE GOLD STANDARD

AND ABROGATE THE GOLD CLAUSE, JUNE 5, 1933. H. J. Res. 192, 73rd Cong., 1st Sess. – ''Joint resolution to assure uniform value to the coins and currencies of the United States. ''Whereas the holding of or dealing in gold

affect the public interest, and therefore subject to proper regulation and restriction; and Whereas the existing emergency has disclosed that provisions of obligations which purport to give the obligee a right to require payment in gold or a particular kind of coin or currency of the United States, or in an amount of money of the United States measured thereby, obstruct the power of the Congress to regulate the value of money of the United States, and are inconsistent with the declared policy of the Congress to maintain at all times the equal power of every dollar, coined or issued by the United States, in the markets and in the payment of debts. Now, therefore, be it Resolved by the

Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That (a) every provision contained in or made with respect Page 40 of 97.

to any obligation which purports to give the obligee a right to require payment in gold or a particular kind of coin or currency, or in an amount in money of the United States measured thereby, is declared to be against public policy; and no such provision shall be contained in or made with respect to any obligation hereafter incurred. Every obligation, heretofore or hereafter

incurred, whether or not any such provision is contained therein or made with respect thereto, shall be 'discharged' upon payment, dollar for dollar, in any such coin or currency which at the time of payment is legal tender for public and private debts. Any such provision contained in any law authorizing obligations to be issued by or under authority of the United States, is hereby repealed, but the repeal of any such provision shall not invalidate any other provision or authority contained in such law. (b) As used in this resolution,

the term ''obligation'' means an obligation (including every obligation of and to the United States, excepting currency) payable in money of the United States; and the term ''coin'' or ''currency" means coin or currency of the United States, including Federal Reserve notes and circulating notes of Federal Reserve banks and national banking associations.'' SEC. 2. The last sentence

of paragraph (1) of subsection (b) of section 43 of the Act entitled "An Act to relieve the existing national economic emergency...", approved May 12, 1933, is amended to read as follows: ''All coins and currencies of the United States Page 41 of 97.

duties. which may be transferred even though the transferee takes it subject to its disability incident to the discharge. moving forward from June 5th.. charges. all. something of the original vitality of the debt continues to exist. for public and private. so as to make an otherwise worthless promise a legal obligation." wherein – "There is a distinction between 'a debt discharged ' and 'a debt paid. and dues. makes it the subject of transfer by assignment. . but rather clearly states that 'any. the debt still exists. etc. it is clear that as result of HJR ." Approved June 5.(including Federal reserve notes and circulating notes of Federal Reserve banks and national banking associations) hereunto and hereafter coined or issued." Thus. shall be legal tender only at valuation in proportion to their actual weight.192. 4:30 P. In the precedent set at Stanek v White. taxes. Page 42 of 97. debts. duties. except gold coins. Note that HJR .' – ''shall be discharged''.M. both public and private. public charges. the Supreme Court of Minnesota clarifies the legal distinction between the terms "discharged" and "paid.' When discharged. obligations. 215 N.192 does not refer to 'payment' of debt. 390. W. Though divested of its character as a legal obligation during the operation of the discharge. shall be legal tender for all debts. taxes. The fact that it carries something which may be a consideration for a new promise to pay. every. 784 (1923). when below the standard weight and limit of tolerance provided by law for the single piece. 1933. and. 172 Minn.

whereby debt has become money (The Federal Reserve calls it "monetized debt"). seems to deprive our Common Law of any real substance and leave a consequential void so far as the de jure government is concerned. . no one is able to pay a debt. and is still assumed today. and this type of debt is perpetual. property and surety as debtors to a privately owned corporation (Federal Reserve System)? Clearly this alleged ''authority'' and ''jurisdiction'' comes by way of the so-called ''public (corporate) policy.. as result of its plan for re-organization / restructuring under its Page 43 of 97. The only option one has is tender by transfer of debt. and it seems the only public judicial venue is international maritime-admiralty law. The abrogation of the Constitution's gold standard. while our beloved Common-Law venue seems to languish as result. which was assumed. Since the Americans living within the several states are indeed "sovereign. comes the authority and jurisdiction via governors' convention to pledge the sovereigns' labor.1933. as protected by the Constitution." from where and from whom.'' which is declared by the de facto Congress pursuant to a filing for bankruptcy and subsequent financial state of insolvency and receivership suffered by the corporate de facto UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT. the temporary / indefinite suspension of the ability for one to pay his debts. under the Common Law. is now replaced with a system of Public National Credit / Public Trust. The former substance of our previous monetary system.e. i.

'' (a conjunctive noun / verb. un-apportioned taxation on the sovereigns' labor is also in derogation to the Constitution). including the Bible) i. and no gold coin shall after January 30. not excluding Page 44 of 97. ''interest'' on ''debt'' and ''Mort-gage. 1934. and the Federal Reserve/Department of Treasury. be coined. . Latin. who are summarily presumed by the Article-I courts to be franchisees/trusties/sureties." This exception is necessarily facilitated due to the fact that foreign countries.'' (which constitutes ''sin'' within virtually every holy text on Earth.Chapter-Eleven filing in or about the year 1933.. provided however. 31 USC 315 ( b ) provides that – "No gold shall after January 30. Contrary to Constitutional consideration. be paid out or delivered by the United States.e. meaning: ''Death-grip'') whereby the sovereigns' labor is pledged (*NOTE – such direct. whereby this system of public credit is falsely presented as being extended by way of the Federal Reserve Bank. 'cannot' be held to the internal public policy of the corporate de facto UNITED STATES. acting respectively as creditor / fiduciary in this scheme. by way of the Fed's predatory lending practices known as ''usery. that coinage may continue to be executed by the mints of the United States for foreign countries. being recognized as sovereign. while in reality this type of system can only exist when the sovereign is forced to extend his credit to the Public Trust. the public policy adopted by Congress is purported to be a contractually-binding commercial agreement between the sovereign American Citizens. 1934.

the Page 45 of 97. whereby sovereigns' straw-man (the all-capital-letter name on the birth record) is declared ''lost at sea. by way of ''presumption of law.'' is presumed abandoned. i. the sovereign people's Constitutionallyprotected rights and status are further circumvented due to their unwitting assumption of this fictitious ''straw-man'' identity and ''product-of-the-water'' status which is placed upon them at '' birth. Additionally. including any other ''estate property. not excluding any and all subsidiaries thereof. the President of the Corporation–(UNITED STATES)..such labor as is exerted during child birth.. which is subsequently used as investment collateral generating enormous returns held in account of private estate which is created via a document of live birth (the sovereigns' birth record) by the Department of Treasury.g. with estate assets declared ''abandoned. e. thereby providing the STATE title (entitlement).. at which point the sovereign are then duped into registering their children (as a ''product of the water''). .'' and thus ''salvaged'' (pirated) under InternationalMaritime-Admiralty-Law by the foriegn corporation known as THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. under the corporate / maritime (law of the water) jurisdiction of the de facto UNITED STATES.'' therefore. '' THE STATE OF GEORGIA.'' etc.e. creating a trust which. or legal interest / ownership in the sovereigns' property (possession is only 9/10ths of the law).'' thereby creating a decedent by which to probate the estate. and thus administrated to by the acting executor (executive) of the 'e-states'.'' with the STATE.

'' and thus suffer the equivalent of public-debt-servants who are now.'' or '' plea bargain'' – and / or duress / strong-arm – the Respondent calls this ''enforcement. Thus.'' or '' incarceration'' – this thug-like mentality cannot be said to have set proper legal precedence. regulations.'' In addition to a lack of full disclosure. rules. procedures. statute(s). so long as the sovereign people are forced to follow such public policy by way of coercion / black-mail – the Respondent calls it '' negotiation. and is. even though one may have succumb to the aforesaid ''public policy..e.'' i. nor met an accord under the guidelines of the Uniform Commercial Code.. whereby the charge (because it's really all commercial in nature) is fraudulently filed under false pretense.e.'' such does not void one's right to challenge the intent / interpretation / validity / Constitutional-muster of any code(s). and / or the Page 46 of 97. . Common / Constitutional Law (see Articles I. ''contrary'' to the Constitution and thereby ''notwithstanding. IV and VI of our Constitution for these de jure united states of America). being ''charged'' at maritime with more than 60-million corporate codes. However. as most of these socalled ''laws'' are imposed without a valid claim made by a ''flesh-and-blood'' man / woman. statutes. III. most all of these charges are invalid when compared to ''the supreme Law of the Land. therefore.'' i. under rule of public / corporate policy. etc.sovereign people are 're-venued' from Common-Law jurisdiction into being held as liable trusties / sureties under ''public policy. ''corporate policy.

3 CI. 17 / Article IV Sec. Members of this class include corporations.e. Page 47 of 97. See: Bouvier's Law Dictionary. those who conduct corporate business in the 50 united states of America.. A corporation is the creation of the State. morals. . pertaining to / purportedly conferring thereupon the "compelled benefits of privilege" presumed by Article I Sec. that the statutes are unconstitutional? Absolutely not. conscience. There is a class of persons in the 50 united states of America to whom these statutes apply without reservation. and lacks character. S. It is presumed to be incorporated for the benefit of the thereof. 2 of the U. and a soul. and holds them subject to the laws of the State and the limitations of its charter. 684. 8 CI. A corporation is a creature of the State. p. i. Whereas such codes' / statutes' sole purpose is for protecting the rights / status of sovereign men and women from the actions of corporations. It (the corporation) is a ''person'' in the Its every eyes of the law. Thus. Its ''RIGHTS'' to act as a corporation are only preserved to it while it obeys the laws of its creation. It receives certain special privileges and franchises. Constitution ( the inferior ''courts'' ) and / or any other edict which may predicate its actions upon the erroneous / false presupposition of any such codes' or statutes' Constitutionality as applies to the flesh-and-blood American Citizen. and therefore can apply only to corporate-personhood. is it the contention of this sovereign Man that because the statutes contained in the union of States' Statutes do not apply to him.

and with knowledge of the fact that ''assumption'' and ''presumption'' may prevail unless rebutted or explicitly denied." See also 203 U.a corporation cannot be deemed a Citizen within the meaning of the clause of the Constitution of the United States. S. . that the statutes of the 50 states of America were enacted. S. AFFIDAVIT OF CORPORATE DENIAL AND NON-CORPORATE STATUS: Pursuant to FRCP 52.. which protects the privileges and immunities of Citizens of the United States against being abridged or impaired by the law of a state. The statutes in the union of states are designed to direct the activities of the class of ''persons'' of which a corporation is a member. and this purpose ALONE. this Affiant does Page 48 of 97. 359. Corporations are absolutely bound by these statutes.activity must therefore be directed and supervised by the State. where it was said – ". Bouvier's Law Dictionary states in pertinent part: The liberty guaranteed is that of a natural ''person'' and not of artificial ''persons''. Western Turf Assn. 204 U. It is for this purpose. It is imperative that a conscienceless entity not be allowed to freely roam the streets or highways in the 50 united states of America and thus jeopardize the sovereign individual. Under the definition of Due Process of Law. v Greenberg. 243. sovereign-American Citizens' RIGHTS. and NOT for control of the free..

Point: The Federal Rules of Civil Procedure. nor. incorporated.. 249 P. that -. as a corporate person. Rule 52. corporation. in any way.'' nor any other form of corporation.e. breathing. 1621 Definitions – STATUTE: For the purposes of this subchapter. nor. (a) The term ''person'' shall include an individual. termed. thought of. ''person'' may be construed according to several references. applies in Civil actions. No civil or criminal cause of action can arise lest there be a contract. fictional person. the Texas Court of appeals (5th Cir) has ruled in the finding of fact by the Court. There is always a presumption that a contract exists and that the responding party is a Corporation. indivisible from the divine soul inherent of the Heavenly Creator. and with the knowledge that all such entities are not living. whose Creator is Affiant’s Heavenly Father. flesh-and-blood man. Eads v Marks. with express and explicit claim and affirmation that Affiant is a self-aware. sentient. means. i. Regarding: The word / term of art i. partnership. Affiant hereby makes express and explicit claim and affirmation to the living. form. not excluding 22 USC Sec.herewith formally and unequivocally declare that Jon Henry: Doe is in no way to be construed. shape. 2d 257. Under Rule 52. or the Government of the United States. . and is not a goverernmentally-created ''person of inherence or incidence. legal fiction. sentient men and women. See which is the same in all states as in the Federal Rules.e. nor. 260.''the failure of an adverse party to deny under oath the allegation that he is Page 49 of 97.

a presumption means that the trier of fact (the judge / administrator). 465 (Tex App. 498 Southwest 2nd. Point: Affiant makes it perfectly clear that Affiant is an adverse party denying under oath the allegation that Affiant is incorporated. Arizona Revised Statutes: Title 47 Section 1201 (31) Page 50 of 97.'' Thus. unless and until the evidence is introduced which would support a finding of its non-existence. Point: A presumption is a rule of Law. See Van Wart v Cook. 2d 1161. Pepper Co. thus becomeing fact and part of the official record].Corporation existence is presumed unless affidavit of denial is filed before trial.2d 464. such fact was established. 429 -. no Writ) ''Plaintiff plead defendant was a corporation. must find the existence of the fact presumed per FRCP 52. thus.W.'' Point: Louisiana Revised Statutes Art. v Crow. In the Commercial Law of all States.incorporated dispenses with the necessity of proof of the fact. 621 S. Point: Dr. 557 P.-Waco 1981. . by which the finding of a basic fact gives rise to the existence of presumed fact until presumption is rebutted. regarding: "The failure of an adverse party to deny under oath the allegation that he is incorporated [is construed as corporate silence and acquiescence. Defendant did not deny by verified pleading pursuant to [TRCP] 52 and 83… that it was not a corporation. Statutory or judicial." Galleria Bank v Southwest Properties. a presumption becomes a finding of fact by the court unless rebutted before trial.

47)) Henceforth.''Presumption" or "presumed" means that the trier of fact must find the existence of the fact presumed unless and until evidence is introduced which would support a finding of its nonexistence.''…a presumption imposes on the party against whom it is directed the burden of proof [see 556 (d)] of going forward with evidence to rebut or meet the presumption. Thus. 421 U. R.'' Point: When a duty or obligation is levied by a governmental agency for a fine. See West . they are imposed only on Corporations.301 Agreement by Acquiescence Rule 301 of the Federal Rules of Evidence states -. all of which are revenue. Thus. Point: Federal Rules of Evidence. 147 U. v Becker. Affiant does hereby and herewith formally affirm and depose that Affiant rebuts any and all presumption / assumption that Affiant is. V Triangle. any Corporation named. alleged contract. fee or tax.'' (see Monroe Cattle Co. 100 (1975). S. ''re-venue'' for the collection of a ''tax'' is required to have been lodged against a Corporation. S. See Colonial Pipe Line Co. the Affidavit of Non Corporate Status is for the purpose of rebutting any presumption that Affiant is any Corporation named in the certified title. Point: If Affiant is not a Corporation he cannot appear and plead. is but a derivative of Affiant's legal name. therefore: ''A derivative of a name is not the legal name. ''JON HENRY DOE. and/or ever was.'' in the certified title and/or any alleged contract. in this case.e. the name of which. Page 51 of 97.. and any complaint. i.

Stevenson v Thorn. & W. 516. and that this doctrine derives from a mistaken interpretation of a Supreme Court reporter’s notes. 141. Ewing v Robeson. 107) Also... Fright Line. 581) In 1886. Greenwood v Railroad Co. Callender v Plainsville Co. (see Santa Clara County v Southern Pacific Page 52 of 97.. 8 S. V State. Folsom v Star Union Etc. 11 Ohio St.. 11 Ohio St. Co. 1. Evarts v Killingworth Co. Hobich v Folger. 447.Union Tel. v Taylor. 123 Mass. 655. 2 Flip C. Va. C. (see Kelly v Railroad Co. Boyce v M. Foster v White Cloud. It has been held that where the representative of a railroad corporation is served with process. 26. 43 Md. 73 Ind. 43 Ind. 505. 12 Mees. W. by plea.C. 516. Point: Stating only conclusion without facts is insufficient. 15 Ind. 20 Conn. Co. Railroad Co. 507. 359. compare the foregoing cases to Ware v St. 581. Louis Bagging & Rope Co. 667. he may. 157. 10 W. Johnson v Gibson. Point: When brought into Court by its Corporate name. (see Kelly v Railroad Co. 149) Where the person is so served. 54 Iowa 490. v Eyser. Ins. Etc. 282.E. 47 Ala.. 2 Flip C. C. deny that he / she sustains any such relation to the Corporation that authorizes the service of process on him / her. the Supreme Court did not grant corporate-personhood to any State of the Union or Federal Government. Church. 20 Wall. (see Mud Creek Drain Co. he may plead in abatement in his own name that the Corporation is extinct.. Callender v Com.. . 13 Mees & Quarrier v Peabody Co. 32. Stewart v Dunn. its existence as a Corporation is admitted. 2 Colo. 32 Mo.

published in New York in 1886 by Banks & Brothers Publishers. As railroad attorney Sanderson and his two colleagues watched. 394 (1886)) Point: No laws have been passed by Congress granting that corporations should be treated the same under the Constitution as living. S. state or federal. ." See Vermont Supreme Court building. recorded by the court recorder. Volume 118 of United States Reports: Cases adjudged in the Supreme Court at October Term 1885 and October Terms 1886. No court decisions. Page 53 of 97.Railroad Company.'' The Supreme Court did not rule in Santa Clara County v Southern Pacific Railroad Company on the issue of corporate personhood. but was reportedly a simple statement by its Chief Justice. breathing sentient beings. which forbids a state to deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws. that corporations were ''persons'' rather than ''artificial persons.'' with an equal footing under the Bill of Rights as ''humans. C. and written by J. We are of the opinion that it does. the attorneys for the opposing party. Supreme Court’s Reporter.] This written statement. applies to these corporations. held that corporations were ''persons'' instead of ''artificial persons. 118 U. Bancroft Davis. that: ''The court does not wish to hear argument on the question whether the provision in the Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution. [However. Chief Justice Morrison Remick Waite told Delmas and his two colleagues.'' was not a formal ruling of the court.

653. 600. 667 (1979) (therein quoting United States v Cooper Corp. S. ''Person. 330 U. statutes employing the terms ''person'' and ''corporation'' are ordinarily construed to exclude the sovereign man or woman. 653.'' ''Corporation. 442 U.. 312 U. as the original fountain. 442 U.'' Wilson v Omaha Tribe.'' ''Resident. Point: U. S. in common usage. might take away what they have delegated and in trust to whom they please. 667 (1979): ''In common usage. the United States Page 54 of 97. S.'' ''Consumer. 48 U.'' Point: Affiant is not: a U. But the people. jurisdiction. S.'' nor ''citizen subject to U. 275 (1947). Supreme Court in See also United States v Mine Wilson v Omaha Indian Tribe. Supreme Court in Luther v Borden. … The sovereignty in every state resides in the people of the state and they may alter and change their form of government at their own pleasure. S. 1. S. Workers. S.'' ''Individual.'' as such are ''terms of art. . 258. S.'' nor is Affiant a corporation created under the laws of any State of the Union of States. 12 Led 581: ''…The government are but trustees acting under derived authority [of the sovereign American People of Posterity] and have no power to delegate what is not delegated to them. .Point: Here is the often expressed understanding from the United States Supreme Court that: '' . .'' U. 604 (1941)). the term ''person'' does not include the sovereign. S.'' nor ''citizen of the United States. and statutes employing the word are ordinarily construed to exclude it.

Affiant is not a subject nor ward of the Administrative and Legislative Article-I Courts. 17 and Art. IV.'' ''corporate STATE. ''subject to the jurisdiction of. Sec. nor any foreign state or country. nor any territory. public or private.'' nor municipal body politic created under the primary authority of Art. 3 CI. Title 11 at p.'' ''ward of.'' D. and Affiant is not subjected to any legislation created by or under the jurisdiction of any officers. nor any possession of the United States.'' ''franchisee of.'' Point: Affiant hereby and herewith revokes and cancels ab initio all of Affiant's Page 55 of 97.'' ''chattel of. commonwealth.'' ''inhabitant of. Furthermore. .'' the State of the Forum of any ''UNITED STATES.'' as ''Legislation enacted by Congress applicable to the inferior courts in the exercise of the power under Article III of the Constitution cannot be affected by legislation enacted by Congress under Art. resident inhabitant or domiciled in any corporation. corporate. nor bound by precedents of such courts created by the congress of the hypothicated.'' ''subject of. de facto ''UNITED STATES. surety. 13 defines this as '' . 2 of the Constitution for the United States of America. CI.'' ''corporate CITY. enclave.'' ''corporate COUNTY. 17 of the Constitution. . . I.Government. franchise or fiduciary agent. the District of Columbia. CI. I. agent. Sec. C. 8. Code. shareholder. 8.'' ''property of. Point: Affiant is not: a ''resident of. Sec. an officer. agents or employees deriving their authority thereof.'' nor.

. alien citizen or resident of any territory. but not limited by. Sec. 17 and Art. 2. 3. any and all multi-jurisdictional. 3. in presumption and otherwise. CI. non-disclosure. on the grounds of constructive fraud. quasi. rescinds and makes void ab initio all powers of attorney in fact. IV. 2 of the Constitution for the United States. that Affiant is. . Sec. Point: Affiant hereby cancels any presumed election made by the United States Government or any agency or department thereof. 8 CI. Point: Affiant is not a vessel documented under Chapter 121 of Title 46. Affiant also revokes. a citizen. CI. or ever has been. Sec. etc. insomuch as said power of attorney may pertain to Affiant by way of.g. Sec. public government entities. Affiant has no record nor evidence that Affiant does not cancel any presumption and assumption that Affiant ever voluntarily elected to be treated as such a citizen. resident or Page 56 of 97.signatures on any and all forms which may be construed to give the Federal Government or any other State agency or department of the United States Government created under the authority of Article I. and/or without Affiant's consent. CI. nor a vessel numbered as provided in Chapter 123 of said Title. 8. possession. signed by anyone other than Affiant. 17 and Article IV. e. United States Code. colorable. authority or jurisdiction over Affiant. instrumentality or enclave under the sovereignty or exclusive jurisdiction of the United States. municipalities or corporations. I. as defined in the Constitution for the United States of America in Art. equitable consideration.

enclave. Affiant's name is unique and is not given to any other. S. certified declaration to the Lawrenceville Postmaster). Puerto Rico. .. residing within the state of mind. and is determined as complete. Lawrenceville. nor to that of the United States. The Christian Appellation that Affiant answers to is Jon Henry: of the Doe Family. state or corporation created under the laws of the United States Government. Outlying Islands. Gwam. commonwealth or possession of the United States. (see notarized. Point: In addition to being Affiant's property (see attached copyright notice with affidavit of publication attached). Nation Georgia-Republic.g. Executor Office. any territory. Affiant has no ''last name. Point: This Affidavit is not written for the purpose of debating the Constitutionality nor legality of the Communications Act of 1934. Affiant's postal mailing location.'' Affiant is domiciled as a living soul. or any foreign country. e. Estate. is particularly unique to this Affiant. such as the District of Columbia. but rather to Page 57 of 97. United States Minor. nor to the United States Government. Point: Affiant is not an enemy to any state of the Union of States. [30046-9998] Non-Domestic to U. Doe Province. Affiant's postal mailing location is known as: JON HENRY DOE. General Post-Office. both public and private. Near.corporate entity / fiction. necessary and sufficient identification evidencing Affiant’s neutral standing (15 USC 1681 (h)). although not affiliated with the ''Corporate Body Politic'' near the same location.

'' via 28 USC 1333 or 1337. terrorist nor an enemy to any public or private corporation. domestic or foreign.C. Many facts contained herein are based upon ruling case law and un-overruled decisions of the Supreme Court of the United States. neutral body. False Claims Act (see 31 U. if so accomplished. and Federal Tort Claims Act. Bills of Lading Act. present or future reference to Affiant as such a threat. and. Affiant is not a pirate. under Commercial Law.S. but is a non-combatant. Any past. § 3729 (a) (7)). Point: Any statements or claims in this Affidavit must be properly rebutted by facts of law or overriding Article-III Supreme Court rulings. .establish facts exposing the United States Government’s lack of jurisdiction over Affiant. can only be satisfied by way of ( i ) rebuttal Page 58 of 97. None of these facts have been found to be ''frivolous'' by any court. Any and all of the facts and laws presented herein are not contrary to the Communications Act of 1934. nor court decisions applicable to Affiant. An Affidavit of Truth. shall not prejudice the lawful validity of all other statements or claims not properly rebutted or invalidated by facts of law.'' and will be litigated as such in the foreign jurisdiction where offenders. and are affirmed facts that. Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act. must be rebutted with ''case law'' or acquiesced to. The Public Vessel Act. made by any agency or its officer(s). oppressors and all Libellees will have no immunity ''within the Admiralty. will be construed as ''defamation of character. under Commercial Law.

Page 59 of 97. copyright 1988. also defines it as – '' berth n. common-law-bound court.. Webster's New World Dictionary of the English Language – Third College Edition. ( iii ) agreement." When you look up the word "berth.'' whose ''job. So our "berth-day" is the day we were given a place within the maritime / admiralty jurisdiction as a so-called ''vessel'' of the State. misuse. [See Berth. etc. regulations and proceedures of an Article-III. the perception is that the Respondent presumes this so-called "birth" is the ''berth'' of a ''sole'' (instead of ''soul'') ''corporation'' (''corpus'' Latin. to which Affiant. BERTH. A station in which a ship rides.]'' The words "birth. n. page 132. . place. Meaning: ''body'' ). under protection of his freedom from religious persecution. resolution by a jury under the rules. Point: The following exemplifies the use.. holding the "office'' of ''person. meaning "to bear. . ( ii ) payment.4) a position. n.'' ''berth'' and "born" all come from the same etymological root.." you find that most every definition has to do with ships. abuse and perversion of words by way of transforming them into ''terms of art'' in order to change their meaning. emphatically does NOT subscribe nor submit. job. point for point.'' ''place'' or ''position'' it is to perform their ''duties'' and ''obligations'' as dictated by the Respondent.'' Therefore. office. Webster's 1828 Dictionary defines the word ''birth'' as follows: ''BIRTH.g.Affidavit of Truth. ( iv ) and / or. This is all clearly carried out by way of Atheistic / Luciferian doctrine. e.

'' Affiant heretofore denies having. why should a ''Christian Nation'' elect to Note that the possible third ''birth-day'' celebrate such so-called "Berth"-days? was mentioned in the Holy Writ. and at Herod's ''birth-day party'' in the Gospels. Affiant did have a '' Nativity '' upon the Land. Whereas I inform the Respondent. Point: A Living Soul has a date of Nativity. the ''de facto'' government. Point: For reasons explicitly defined within these Points addressing the foregoing '' terms of art. the court system. the baker was hung. In both cases a man lost his head. and all other parties that may inquire – ''I. and that the 666 talents of gold mentioned therein did not include all that was wrought by merchant means. have no birthday.'' hereby reiterating this declaration by way of the tenet – " No man can be compelled to incriminate himself. and 2 Chronicles 9:13. a ''birthday.'' but rather. and celebrates his day of Nativity as such. the bureaucrat. or ever having had. a Sole Corporation has a date of Birth / Berth. Jon Henry: Doe." Therefore under protest. At Pharaoh’s ''birth-day party'' in Genesis. and does not grant Respondent Page 60 of 97.There are only two (possibly three) ''birth-days'' mentioned in the Scripture. So I ask. Affiant does hereby and herewith formally waive benefit of privilege. 1 Kings 10:14 ''Now the weight of gold that came to Solomon in one year was six hundred threescore and six talents of gold''. John the Baptist was beheaded. the nice policeman. .

nor to any of Respondent's contracts. corporate or otherwise. includes a political subdivision of a foreign state or an agency or instrumentality of a foreign state as defined in subsection (b). (b) An 'agency or instrumentality of a foreign state' means any entity – (1) which is a separate legal person. Page 61 of 97. and (2) which is an organ of a foreign state or political subdivision thereof. The commercial character of an activity shall be determined by reference to the nature of the course of conduct or particular transaction or act. (c) The 'United States' includes all territory and waters. rather than by reference to its purpose. (e) A 'commercial . nor created under the laws of any third country. practices and presumptions. except as used in section 1608 of this title. trusts. and (3) which is neither a citizen of a State of the United States as defined in section 1332 (c) and (d) of this title. or a majority of whose shares or other ownership interest is owned by a foreign state or political subdivision thereof. The Foriegn Sovereign Immunities Act of 1976 (FSIA): Title 28 Section 1603 states – ''For purposes of this chapter – (a) A 'foreign state'. subject to the jurisdiction of the United States. activity' means either a regular course of commercial conduct or a particular commercial transaction or act. continental or (d) A 'commercial insular.consent to jurisdiction. as is clearly enunciated throughout the entire body of this Affidavit.

constitutional. . in law. but only a political subdivision.'' Now. Section 1603 (b) defines what constitutes a political subdivision and an agency or instrumentality of a foreign state with relation to the FSIA. clearly defines Affiant's status.'' with an ''organ'' being defined as: ''of or having to do with an organ. let's break down what a foreign state is in relation to the FSIA. systematically arranged. as the Page 62 of 97. no less – lest there be constitutional confusion. or an agency or instrumentality of a foreign state. Next. or a majority of whose shares or other ownership interest is owned by a foreign state or political subdivision thereof. Here. one must understand that the statutes are subject to ''strict construction.e. the definition of a foreign state does not include the state itself. . . Therefore. inborn. Section 1603 (a) says that a foreign state includes a political subdivision. by way of Affiant's definite and numerous declarations. organized. corporate or otherwise. It says that ''An 'agency or instrumentality of a foreign state' means any entity – which is a separate legal person. under strict construction of the statute. inherent. one must be – ''. they mean exactly what they say.'' such as that which. fundamental.activity carried on in the United States by a foreign state' means commercial activity carried on by such state and having substantial contact with the United States.. – no more. or an agency or instrumentality thereof.'' i. an organ of a foreign state or political subdivision thereof.

– which declares: '' Subject to existing international agreements to which the United States is a party at the time of enactment of this Act. by way of Affiant's definite and numerous declarations. . as defined in 1332 (c) and (d) of Title 28. When we look at Section 1332. it defines ''a State of the United States'' as the Territories. Last. diplomatic immunity from / to the Respondent.'' – since Affiant is neither a citizen of a State of the United States as defined above. heretofore ratifys Affiant's definite and numerous declarations affirming Affiant's status is that which enjoys sovereign. nor a citizen of a state formed under the laws of any third country. nor created under the laws of any third country. it says that you must be neither a citizen of a State of the United States. the District of Columbia and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. clearly defines Affiant's status is an ''organ'' of such. Subsequently. pursuant to Title 28 Section 1604. Therefore. 1977 by providing a statutory remedy equal to that of an Article-III remedy. strict construction law of the United States is the Constitution'' – such as that which. Once again. which became effective January 19th. The Foriegn Sovereign Immunities Act of 1976. a foreign state shall be immune from the jurisdiction of the courts of the United States and of the States except as provided in sections 1605 to 1607 of this chapter. Affiant does hereby formally declare that – Page 63 of 97.

D. state and local municipalities. S. 622). Though not specifically alleged.R. once challenged. *** The following case law herein cited represents affirmation for Affiant's clear declaration that unequivocal proof of Respondent's jurisdiction is required: "Jurisdiction. 415 U. ''The mere good-faith assertions of power and authority [jurisdiction] have been abolished. and/or persons thereof involved directly and/or indirectly with the Respondent via any and every nexus acting therewith. proof of jurisdiction to appear on the record of the administrative agency and all administrative proceedings. Affiant does herewith demand that he forthwith receive redress in such matters. 436-37 Page 64 of 97. 445 U.'' (Hagans v Lavine. Whereas. 533).'' (Owens v CITY OF INDEPENDENCE. 93 F. . ''Once jurisdiction is challenged it must be "The law requires proven by the plaintiff." (Hagans v Lavine. S.the Respondent's corporate-commercial acts are ultra vires and injurious by willful and gross negligence. cannot be assumed and must be decided. S. defendant's challenge to subject matter jurisdiction implicitly raised claim that default judgment against him was void and relief should be granted under Rule (60) (b) (4). (Honneus v Donovan. and/or corporate agencies. it being readily apparent that Affiant does not grant Respondent consent to jurisdiction. 433. 250). 100 S. 415 U." (Maine v Thiboutot. Ct. 533). thus incurring liability as the respondent superior upon those unlimited to any and all federal.

2d 188. even on appeal." (Hill Top Developers v Holiday Pines Service Corp. 8 HOW. 478 So. 102 F. S. their judgments and orders are regarded as nullities. the court cannot proceed when it clearly appears that the court lacks jurisdiction. 2502 (1980)). it must be proved to exist. 37 F. "Court must prove. "Jurisdiction can be challenged at any time. 540 12 L. and this even prior to reversal. If they act beyond that authority. 691 F. all jurisdiction facts related to the jurisdiction asserted." (WILLIAMSON v BERRY. the court has no authority to reach merits. Chicago v New York. 2d 1026). "The burden shifts to the court to prove jurisdiction. 2d 906." (Joyce v U. Ct. Lambert. 910). but simply void. "Once challenged. 474 2D 215). "The law provides that once State and Federal Jurisdiction has been challenged. 211 P2d 389). 150). "Once jurisdiction is challenged. it must be proven. "Courts are constituted by authority and they cannot go beyond that power delegated to them. and certainly in contravention of it." (Melo v U.. 945. they are not voidable. 1982))..(1982) affd.Ed. 1170. 94 Ca 2d 751. jurisdiction cannot be assumed.. 2d. 505 F. 2d 416) ." (Rosemond v Page 65 of 97." (100 S.. 1189 (1850)). 469 F. Supp. but rather should dismiss the action. 495 F." (Stuck v Medical Examiners. S. 368 (Fla 2nd DCA 1985))." (Basso v Utah Power & "Defense of lack of jurisdiction over the Light Co. subject matter may be raised at any time. "There is no discretion to ignore lack of jurisdiction." (Lantana v Hopper. on the record.2d 1 (1st Cir.

May 25. 2d 911 (Fla. 2d 745. We accept them as true. 1991). 831 So. [Circuit Court] CR-05-1846. Crim. 4th DCA 2005) (''When no evidentiary hearing is Page 66 of 97.6 (b). Rule Crim. see Stancle v State. 644 (Ala. See Ford v State. Court must treat all unrefuted allegations as true. quoting Smith v State. Poole's claim is sufficiently pleaded to satisfy the pleading requirements in Rule 32. they must be accepted as true. 271 Ill. App. 648 N. therefore. 1284 (Ala. Plaintiff refutes none of these See Carlile v Snap-On-Tools. See Bates v State. Crim. 834. is sufficiently pleaded.The following citations are case law which requires that an UN-rebutted Affidavit be accepted as truth: In Poole v State of Alabama. he is then entitled to an opportunity to present evidence in order to satisfy his burden of proof. 2007. his claim is not precluded by any of the provisions of Rule Because his claim is not barred. Poole is entitled to an opportunity to prove his claim. 2001) (''Once a petitioner has met his burden of pleading so as to avoid summary disposition pursuant to Rule 32.'') facts. 620 So.2.3 and Rule 32. 2d 317 (1995) (unrefuted facts accepted as true for purposes of appeal). Procedure. 2d 641. App. 3D 833. 1992) (''When the State does not respond to a petitioner's allegations. and his factual allegations [as expressed by way of Affidavit] were unrefuted by the State. Crim.'').7 (d). 32. 2d 1283. . 746 (Ala. 581 So.E. App. App. 917 So. In addition. the unrefuted statement of facts must be taken as true. Ala. and is unrefuted by the State.

. 2d DCA 2004). a movant's allegations are accepted as true unless they are conclusively refuted by the record.. the court concluded that – ''[RMC's] evidence goes unrefuted and must be accepted as true. to support this Constitution''. while Gassner did not offer any evidence to the contrary. leaving no issue of fact. 2d 116) *** Article VI of the Constitution for the United States of America says: ''This Constitution. all executive and judicial Officers. The trial court granted RMC's motion for summary judgment. 675 F. or which shall be made. . 2d 1085 (Fla.held [on a motion for post-conviction relief].... any Thing in the Constitution or Laws of any State to the contrary notwithstanding. 892 So. and all Treaties made. United States Court of Appeals. and the Laws of the United States which shall be made in Pursuance thereof. shall be bound by Oath or Affirmation. both of the United States and of the several States. Sixth Circuit... The court noted that the affidavit was evidence.. 2-10-0180. Gassner v Raynor Manufacturing Company. '' (See Case No.'') See Thurman v State. and the Judges in every State shall be bound thereby. under the Authority of the United States. the appellant has alleged a facially sufficient claim for relief which is not refuted by the record. The 13th Article of Amendment to the Constitution for these United States of America declares – Page 67 of 97. shall be the supreme Law of the Land. Based on this.

opinion. includes a political subdivision of a foreign state or an agency or instrumentality of a foreign state as defined in. Be it enacted by the Senate and the House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled..'' The Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act of 1976 provides that – ''a foreign state. instruction. § 1. of any officers of this government which denies. 1868 – An Act concerning the Rights of American Citizens in foreign States: ''Whereas the right of expatriation is a natural and inherent right of all people. . indispensable to the enjoyment of the rights of life.''Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude. shall exist within the United States.'' (See: Chuidian v Philippine National Bank) Uniform Commercial Code. Book 1. That any declaration.. order. and (3) which is neither a citizen of a State of the United States nor created under the laws of any third country..§207. enacted by Congress July 27th. liberty. and (2) which is an organ of a foreign state or a majority of whose shares or other ownership interest is owned by a foreign state or political subdivision thereof.. (b) An 'agency or instrumentality of a foreign state' means any entity – (1) which is a separate legal person corporate or otherwise. is hereby declared inconsistent with the fundamental principles of this government. and the pursuit of happiness. pg. or any place subject to their jurisdiction. or questions the right of expatriation. 223.. §308 – Performance or Acceptance Page 68 of 97. restricts.. or decision. impairs. ¶ 249.'' 15 Statutes at Large.

with the signing of the ''Declaration of Independence." or the like are sufficient. The following facts are void of historical revision. in order to know and understand the truth about our rights and status. and all will be supported by unquestionable evidence." "under protest. Nothing in this evaluation is intended to be disrespectful or degrading (and certainly not racist) toward any group of people. one must first understand how we got into the position that we currently occupy. of necessity. (2) Subsection (1) does not apply to an accord and satisfaction. The united states of America actually came into being on July 4th.'' The ''Articles of Confederation. have been Page 69 of 97.'' and delegated a portion of their sovereignty to this new Confederacy or Union.'' agreed to in 1777 and ratified in 1781.'' and the People who created these ''Free and Independent States'' would likewise. .'' sovereign American Citizenship: The following facts are presented as historically correct proof. however. created the ''Union of the States." The 13 Colonies declared themselves to be ''Free and Independent States. This confederation declared in Article I: ''The Stile of this Confederacy shall be the United States of America.Under Reservation of Rights: (1) ''A party who with explicit reservation of rights performs or promises performance or assents to performance in a manner demanded or offered by the other party does not thereby prejudice the rights reserved. 1776. Such words as "without prejudice.

Maryland. Rhode Island and Providence Plantations. . relinquishes all claims to the government. the people of ''the United States of America'' ordained and Page 70 of 97. Massachusetts Bay. propriety. Connecticut.'' This passage represents an acknowledgment from the most powerful earthly sovereign of that time. recognized the independence and freedom of these states and the People thereof with the ''Treaty of Paris'' in 1783. New Hampshire. King George III of England. his heirs. that he treats with them as such. a/k/a ''The United States of America. In order to create a more perfect Union.'' were sovereigns of equal power with the king. Pennsylvania. and successors. meaning ''the people'' were the sovereigns. and later the Constitution for the united states of America]. and for himself. that the thirteen colonies / states of the American Union. New York.. New Jersey. The British Crown. Virginia. and territorial rights of the same and every part thereof. to be free sovereign and independent states. which had previously claimed the right of sovereignty over the 13 Colonies and its people. North Carolina. wherein the following quote from that document enunciates: ''His Britannic Majesty acknowledges the said United and independent themselves. South Carolina and Georgia. otherwise they would not have had the authority to enter into such an agreement and to have created a free and independent state. Under the terms of their government [the Articles of Confederation. that ''sovereignty'' was extended from ''the people'' of those colonies / states. viz.

''A government in the republican form. a government by representatives chosen by the people.established a constitutional contract (to include the 13 states) for a united states form of government. today. a government of the people.'' in Article IV Section 4. To understand the true nature of the overall agreement to join the states together in a Union. a republic is a government of which ''the people'' are the source and origin. Hence the term ''public servant'' is used How many people. guarantees to every state in this Union a Republican form of Government.'' In other words. . and in which the People own and control everything. of its form of government.'' In another sense. known as ''The Constitution. these people were rebelling thirteen Colonies actually own everything. believe that government officials truly adhere to the meaning of ''public servant?'' Understanding the true meaning of Republic. it signifies the state. creating a Union government and delegating additional portion of its sovereignty to this united states government. that form of government in which the administration of affairs is open to all of the citizens. we can see how the individual state Citizens of the Remember. Black's Law Dictionary (hereinafter ''Black's'') defines ''Republic'' as: ''A commonwealth. Page 71 of 97. when referring to the government official. we must first understand what a Republic is. This contract. independently It further defines ''Republican government'' as. and the government serves at the convenience and by the permission of the People that it governs.

he creates a system whereby limited jurisdiction over him Page 72 of 97. we can now further understand how America is formed. body. or state in which independent and supreme authority is vested. The state Citizen owns everything. ''A person. He keeps most of the He basically delegates to the state the jurisdiction to administer over him in a few..'' and that is exactly what they did.from a repressive government in which the King owned everything. real power for himself and his posterity. state Citizens. he has no intention of giving up his own personal freedoms. and their main intent was to become the ''sovereign. and he intends to keep it that way. while he maintaines the bulk of the power for himself.'' It is the main intent of these first Americans to keep for themselves and their posterity the things which had previously belonged to the King. and where the real power is bestowed.e. At the same time. a king or other ruler in a monarchy. Understanding what a Republic and a state Citizen is. So. He realizes that in order to live in a society with other people. He delegates to his colony (or hereinafter also ''state'') the jurisdiction and power to perform certain functions' all common law in nature. Black’s defines ''sovereign'' as. i. and those things were vested in the ''sovereignty. very limited areas. certain laws will have to be passed and maintained for the protection of the individual rights of the free inhabitants.'' a position always held by the King. a chief ruler with supreme power. .

Jurisdiction is key to understanding the sovereign American Citizens' rights / status in contrast to the duties and obligations now placed upon them by the government or ''public trust'' now acting as the de facto government. ''A term of comprehensive import embracing every kind of judicial action… It is the power of the court to decide a matter in controversy and presupposes the existence of a duly constituted court with control over the subject matter and the parties…'' In other words. the power that is currently assumed by the government over almost every phase of our lives was never given to the government over the American Citizen.'' Thus. So the question that needs to be answered is – ''How did the federal and state governments get the virtually unquestioned power over all of the people who now consider themselves to be 'citizens of the United States' ?'' To fully understand the position that most American Citizens are currently in.'' Black’s defines ''jurisdiction'' as. One must remember that all power in our Republic is passed from the sovereign People to the state. control over both subject matter and the parties is necessary. for jurisdiction to be claimed.'' All public property and all power and authority belongs to and are owned by him. . He passed on a very small portion of that power to the state so that society as a Page 73 of 97. one must also understand the meaning of ''jurisdiction.could be attained only if he first breakes laws that are duly established under the ''Common Law. The de jure state Citizen is the ''sovereign.

. it must remain secondary in power to that of state Citizen. Therefore. the state Citizen bestowed upon the forefathers established this government. Think of a company in which the Owner hired an assistant. However. therefore. the sovereign state Citizen must always maintain more power than anyone who acts under his authority.whole could be protected. state certain limited powers and limited jurisdiction. be aware that the terms ''state Citizen'' and ''American Citizen'' are synonymous. the Owner would still maintain more power than his new employee. treaties and contracts as were necessary to the Page 74 of 97. it is impossible to give away all of your power. Also. we can easily understand how our First. and even if the Owner gave him full authority over all operations within the company. Following the foregoing principals.'' and the posterity of those Citizens make up the American Citizenry. because if he could not support his hiring with power. his new employee could not carry out his mandate in the face of challenge. The state receives all of its power and authority from the sovereign state Citizen. as the original state Citizens became the original American Citizens upon the forming of the Union. as there would be no power left to enforce the action taken by you. because in so doing you would negate any portion of that which you gave away. also known as ''the sovereign American People. Within those powers was the ability to make and enforce laws. and form the sovereign American People of Posterity as they exist today.

Eight years after its formation. and to provide for the common defense. as distasteful as it was to them. so they set aside 10 square miles of land. and the limitations are exact. However. The Constitution has been held to Page 75 of 97. every power given to the United States is clearly defined.'' to serve as ''the seat of federal government. After just having come out from under a totalitarian government. through a document known as ''The Constitution for the United States of America'' (hereinafter ''Constitution'').'' This government was delegated its authority from the sovereign independent states. ''The United States Government'' had conditions and terms defining authority and limitation delegated upon it by the independent States in 1789. a separate city-state a/k/a the ''District of Columbia. so long as the subject matter was that for which its jurisdiction was given. defined and limited by way of the aforementioned Constitution. they were all sure that they did not want this new ''monster'' in their own state. S. . that some form of ''federal government'' would have to be established to oversee an expanded judiciary affording settlement in controversies arising between the states. known also as the several States of the Union. the state Citizens realized.welfare of the society. The power and authority delegated to the U. and it had no sovereign authority other than that which was delegated by these independent sovereign States. Within the Articles of Confederation and the Constitution. government was clearly delineated.

on behalf of the state Citizens. . The wording of the Constitution leaves no room for misunderstanding. at Article IV. it states. or to the people. Supreme Court. Section 4. ''The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution. In Article X of the Amendments (The Bill of Rights). and they continually bow to the presumed authority of the UNITED STATES. Since this new government was granted its authority from the several States. this United States government could not be more powerful than the several States. S. and the United States government.. it is clear that each State Since the word ''Republic'' means is a Republic even after the Union was formed. So how did this ''supremacy'' of federal government happen? We will now look at exactly what happened in the Page 76 of 97. our States (STATES) clearly take their orders from the United States (UNITED STATES). ''The United States shall guarantee to every State in this Union a Republican Form of Government. the Constitution is in full effect today as always since its inception. it becomes clear that the People are superior to that government.. nor prohibited by it to the States. a government ''of and for the people'' in which everything is owned and controlled by the People. it both a contract and ''the supreme Law of the Land'' by the U.'' From this Article. are reserved to the States respectively.'' Remember. and it is totally binding and all-powerful. For example. The contract is actually between the States. Yet today. and that is guaranteed in the Constitution.

the party with all the power (the sovereign . State – Second with limited power delegated by the Citizen. If we made a chart showing the power structure.Derives his power from the Creator . This chart can also be used to understand the rights and status protected by the Constitution. sovereign . Derives its power from the several States. and it clearly limits the power of the United States government. United States – Limited power delegated by States. The Constitution is a contract which really involves three parties.state Citizen) passed on a portion of his power to the state. Then the State passed on a portion of its power to the United States government.state Citizen.framing of this country's government. First. It is actually granted by the States with the permission of the state Citizens. all power flows first from the Creator and then from the sovereign state Citizen. . Derives its power directly from the sovereign . Most important to remember is that only these three parties are included in the Constitution. The jurisdiction that the States and United States have over the state Citizens arises only upon the breaking of one of the Constitutionally passed Common Laws (whether state or federal) under which a state Citizen grants Page 77 of 97. As you can see from this chart.source of all power. while reserving and guaranteeing massive Rights for the state Citizens. it would look something like this: state Citizen – First with unlimited power.

So in 1868. in 1865. The United States. They had no standing in the society. tried to free the slaves with the Emancipation Proclamation. The slaves actually became the property of the U. allowed the slaves to start acting like free men. Unfortunately. the United States passed the Fourteenth Amendment in order to afford the former slaves adequate protection and privileges. but the supreme court ruled that effort to be unconstitutional. at the end of the Civil War. At that time there was slavery in this country. So. an incredible situation arose. they were not. stating that you could not free another man's property. The slaves actually remained slaves. Finally realizing the problem and plight of the slaves. in fact. in fact. as their new owner. because simply freeing them did not create any new citizens. This system established by the founding fathers worked very well and virtually without incident until the time of the Civil War. Page 78 of 97. so slavery was forever ended in this country. the former slave’s woes were not. and abuses were common. Rights. these people were legally nothing more than property. S. and they had no Lincoln In short.jurisdiction in order that those laws might be enforced for the overall good of society. but. Slaves were not considered Citizens. they became something called ''bounty. . That’s right. government as result of its victory in the Civil War.'' Bounty is what a conquering nation seizes from a conquered nation. the United States government managed to pass the Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution in 1867.

a new type of citizenship was born – that of a ''citizen of the United States. a citizen of the District of Columbia. by their very definition. Now ask yourself. as such. They stand as they did before the adoption of the fourteenth amendment. v Anthony) The following case law herein cited represents affirmation of these two classes of citizenry. S. a person who is "completely subject" to the jurisdiction of the federal government [such as a citizen of the District of Columbia]. and then only to the extent that the particular crime was involved. In other words. the concept of which [as denoted by use of the term ''second-class citizen'' ] is true concerning all federal citizens. The only people over whom the United States had jurisdiction were the former slaves and immigrants from other countries who sought citizenship after the Civil War.'' The sovereign state Citizens were in no way affected by this new citizenship. all federal citizens must be. are not under consideration in the fourteenth amendment. and are fully guaranteed by other provisions. because no state Citizenship was available to those ''persons. Certainly not the over whom did the United States government have jurisdiction? state Citizens. unless they had committed a crime.'' (see U.'' or. Elk v Wilkins is a 14th-Amendment case. under common-law jurisdiction. Virtually any legal Page 79 of 97. as the two are synonymous under the authority of and pursuant to the Fourteenth Amendment.therefore. . The Supreme Court of the United States asserts: ''The rights of Citizens of the States. with intent.

S. . but completely subject. Case: 3-08 CR 089 N Petition and challenge to jurisdiction 3. one of the United States and one of the state." Elk v Wilkins. 394 (1873)] Instead. 307 U. 'All persons born or naturalized in the United States [i. 839 F. then.e. this provision protects only those rights peculiar to being a citizen of the federal government.. two classes of citizens. 83 U.E. "The persons declared to be citizens are." N.Y. 41 L. 36 N. (16 Wall. it does not protect those rights which relate to state citizenship. 1073. 496. 287. v re Merriam. 141 N. affirmed 16 S. Ct. 479.'' Page 80 of 97. "There are. 94. [See Slaughter House cases. 520 Volume 20 of Corpus Juris Secundum at 1758: "The United States Government is a foreign corporation with respect to a state." Hague v CIO. "The privileges and immunities clause of the 14th Amendment protects very few rights because it neither incorporates the Bill of Rights nor protects all rights of individual citizens. S. 21 L. 101.' The evident meaning of these last words is not merely subject in some respect or degree to the jurisdiction of the United States. 1226 "… the first eight amendments have uniformly been held not to be protected from state action by the privilege and immunities clause [of the 14th Amendment]. 112 U. S. 102 (1884)." Jones v Temmer.Y. Ed.. Ed. 505.concept stated by the courts concerning a 14th-Amendment citizen is operative upon all federal citizens. Supp. under our republican form of government. former slaves and immigrants] and subject to the jurisdiction thereof.) 36.

48 So. which are distinct from each other and which depend upon different characteristics or circumstances in the individual. 404. then. and a citizenship of a state. 83 U. S. 83. and each has citizens of its own. within the Admiralty. S. 542 (1875) "There is a difference between privileges and immunities belonging to the citizens of the United States as such. Ed. . 21 L. 590 (1940) "It is quite clear. and those belonging to the citizens of each state as such.) 36. SAVING TO SUITORS CLAUSE: Affiant has no record nor evidence that Affiant has not included and fortified. The rights of a citizen under one may be quite different from those which he has under the other. 41.'' Colgate v Harvey. 788 (1909) "The governments of the United States and of each state of the several states are distinct from one another.'' Ruhstrat v People. ADMIT: Page 81 of 97.Gardina v Board of Registrars of Jefferson County. 57 N. 394 (1873) "We have in our political system a government of the United States and Each one of these governments is a government of each of the several States. 296 U. the "Saving To Suitors Clause" in his document(s).. S. distinct from the others.'' Madden v Kentucky. 252 (1935) "… rights of national citizenship as distinct from the fundamental or natural rights inherent in state citizenship." United States v Cruikshank. 309 U. 84 L.. 160 Ala. S. 56 S.'' Slaughter-House Cases. 92 U. 155. Ed.E. Ct. (16 Wall. that there is a citizenship of the United States.

admiralty adventure for profit under a policy of limited liability for the payment of debts. et cetera." i.e. has never engaged in Interstate. or participate as part of a "tontine scheme" of a voluntary joint mercantile. ''… saving to suitors. in all cases the right of a common law remedy where the common law is competent to give it. and is an end consumer who exchanges sweat equity for goods consumed – Affiant is wrongly presumed by the Respondent to be a franchisee / trustee / surety. whose status / rights / freedom / property is now hypothecated under deception and tort as collateral for the "emergency" of the United States without Page 82 of 97. or to become a joint tort-feasor. be it known that this Affiant saving to himself all and all manner of advantage to the manifest uncertainties and insufficiencies in the Libellee(s) and Liable contained for the complaint thereto. Therefore. 1789. insomuch thereof as is material and necessary to be answered. and shall also have exclusive original cognizance [and culpability of the United States to protect rights and status] of all seizures on land…'' First Judiciary Act. page 77. says that well and true it is. maritime.Libellee(s) listed within said document(s) is/are required to admit to the truth and fact that law is established granting protection and surety to Affiant of all effects and qualities of the "Saving To Suitors Clause. Intrastate or International Commerce for profit and trade without payment of the assessment. September 24. chapter 20. – though Affiant is neutral and noncombatant. .. has never intended to incur limited liability.

1789. and that a further "taking" would be a continuance of inequitable practices.Affiant's consent. Chapter 20. 1982." The First Judiciary Act.. Therefore. utilizing the only option available to Affiant as currency [money] in the public and private sector. page 77. trustee. employee.. as well as upon the high seas. maritime and prize cases: The district courts shall have original jurisdiction. (a) saving to suitors. 1333 – Admiralty. and shall also have exclusive original cognizance of all seizures on land. nor any " compelled benefits of privilege " that the Respondent may otherwise allege.. . Article III. TITLE 28. Sec.. "… the United States. of any governmental unit. The Constitution for the United States of America. nor that of Affiant's ancestors. the "Doctrine of Necessity" expressly overrides any "Doctrine of Contribution" Affiant may have ever participated in as continuity for absolute survivor-ship. saving to suitors in all cases all other remedies to which they are otherwise entitled. submitting. where the common law is competent to give it.. September 24. exclusive of the courts of the States. therefore not intentionally volunteering. of – (1) any civil case of admiralty or maritime jurisdiction. et cetera. Page 83 of 97. Affiant declares that he is not a franchisee. within their respective districts. Additionally. nor consenting to servitude. in all cases. the right of a common law remedy. Revised and Annotated – Analysis and Interpretation. Also. agency nor trust. surety. .

suitor who Page 84 of 97. Bringing into light the re-phrasing of Congress in the codification of the 'saving to suitors' clause of 1789." See Delovio v Boit and many subsequent cases Re: The Huntress.. 1 Diversity of Citizenship. These facts of history and law move or remand Affiant out of the Article-I forum into Article-III "admiralty and maritime jurisdiction. 741. while under "saving to suitors" clause of § 1333. Government Printing Office. p. Cl. Congress admits it cannot change the intent of the clause.§ 2. ''Exclusive admiralty jurisdiction of federal courts under 28 USCS § 1333 is limited to maritime causes of action begun and carried on in rem [enrichment without cause]. i. S. document 99-16. leaving men and women the state. U. 2) Courts of competent jurisdiction – Modern usage of the [saving to suitors] clause. etc. as well as earlier. 52 U S 669). The States went bankrupt in 1933 by governor's convention.. . showing revenue causes under the jurisdiction of the district courts of the United States in Article-III judiciary.e. The older reading adheres to two valuable points – 1) This remedy is "common law" as of 1789 – no blending equity (Bennett v Butterworth. the court of competent jurisdiction. apply diversity of citizenship to State citizenship (a dispute between two different State Citizens) and a State or United States citizen verses a foreign citizen. in the amendment. and.

Lavergne v Western Co. 715 (1999). in state court or on "common law" side of federal court. The military was placed under admiralty jurisdiction by the law of prize and capture under "An Act to facilitate Judicial Proceedings in Adjudications upon Captured Property. 440 U. S. with a Provost Marshall over each district under the Department of War. (La) 371 So 2d 807 (superseded on other grounds by statute as stated in Cramer v Association Life Ins. 1862. under the Insurrection & Rebellion Acts of August 6. and for the better Administration of the Law of Prize. In 1938 a change was made from the English Common Law to the Federal Common Law under the Erie v Tompkins decision.holds in personam claim that might be enforced by suit in personam under admiralty jurisdiction of federal courts may also bring suit. Inc. of North America.'' 2 Am Jur 2d ADMIRALTY § 122. 1948. This Act forms the basis of our Military Selective Service Act of June 24. This law was passed March 25. 1863. c. the United States has been overlaid on to the States and divided the United States into military districts.'' This law forms the current basis of title 10. Since the Enrollment Act of March 3. sections 451-473. sections 7651-7681 of the Military Code of Justice.S. where Page 85 of 97. 1862. (La App 1st Cir) 1990 La App LEXIS 1937). which is the impetus for The Clearfield Doctrine under Clearfield Trust Co. 318 U. Co. 1861 and July 17. 625.. at his election. S. 363 (1943) and the United States v Kimbell Foods. 62 Stat. 604 and is codified to title 50. v U. .

under the F.they adopted the U.D.R.C.S.C. The suits in Admiralty Act 46 U. The following laws provide remedy under the common law within the admiralty: 1. Chapter 147 section 14706. this is all laid out in volume 324.P. 4. Civil and Admiralty was merged under one rule. and is accessed by way of the Saving to Suitors Clause.C. 5. 2D PG. 890 F. Then in 1966. Appendix sections 741-752.R.C. are indicative of the Federal Common Law of Admiralty (see INTERPOOL LTD v CHAR YIGH. This is the only side of the court that has Article-III judicial powers under the War Powers Act of Admiralty.C. The Public Vessels Act 46 U. . [Federal Rules Decisions]. This is because Maritime Commercial Transactions under the U. Article III Section II gives the district courts of the United States judicial power in all cases of admiralty and maritime jurisdiction. pg. thereby Common Law is vested in the District Courts of the United States. this means that common law is under admiralty.A.A. Section 740. This is why title 28 1333 gave the district courts of the United States original jurisdiction exclusive of the States for all cases of admiralty maritime jurisdiction under the saving to suitors clause.S. The Bills of Lading Act title 49 U.C. 3.A.C. 2.S. 325 of the F.C.A. Equity. 1453) [1989]. Rules in formulating Federal Common Law. The Admiralty Extension Act 46 U. The Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act title 28 sections 1602-1611.S. Page 86 of 97. This is the reason one cannot ordinarily find a common-law remedy in state court. Appendix sections 781-790.C.

A. (3) Any lands reserved or acquired for the use of the United States. maritime and prize cases states in part: The district courts shall have original jurisdiction. 9 on page 88 states: '' saving to suitors. section 3729 (a) (7). The Admiralty. of (1) any civil case of admiralty or maritime jurisdiction. residences in foreign States and the land appurtenant or ancillary thereto irrespective of ownership. Vol. 10. The False Claims Act of title 31 U. maritime and Prize cases title 28 section 1333 (1) (2). irrespective of ownership (A). consular. The Federal Statutes Annotated. rule. . Page 87 of 97.C. or regulation made by the president under the authority of this act. The Special maritime and territorial jurisdiction of the United States title 18 section 7 (1) – a citizen of the United States is a vessel. saving to suitors in all cases all other remedies to which they are otherwise entitled. . the premises of the United States diplomatic.'' Hone Ins. Title 50 Appendix section 7 (c) sole relief & remedy under the trading with the enemy act & (e) No person shall be held liable in any court for or in respect to anything done or omitted in pursuance of any order. .. military. The Postal Accountability and Enhancement Act of title 39 sections 1-908 & 3621-3691. The Lanham Act of title 15 section 1125 (a). 31 Iowa 242 (1871). 8. the right of a common law remedy. and land appurtenant or ancillary thereto (B). v North Packet Co.6. 9. 1333 Admiralty. in all cases. where the common law is competent to give it. Co. Title 28 USC Sec. exclusive of the courts of the states. 11. 7.S.

negligence. such as admiralty. antitrust. The jurisdiction of the case must be identified before the case can proceed.. securities. opposite the caption of the case. principal and agent. Under the Erie doctrine – Where there is no contract. including the law merchant and the law relative to capacity to contract.Supplementary to general principles of law applicable. how can said parties know in what terms they are to couch such case? Affiant also exercises demand that any original contract (not a copy) that is being used against him be brought forward. or other validating or invalidating cause. the principles of law and equity. A court at law requires the original contract be entered as evidence. bankruptcy. fraud. . mistake. i. A suitor therefore has the right to be tried at common law. etc. and (2) the nature of the action. there shall be placed (1) the case number. even though the case comes under a maritime jurisdiction. there is no case. eminent domain. One need only make the demand in his briefs to the court. If the judge takes judicial notice of the nature of the case without communication to the parties. unless displaced by particular provisions of the Uniform Commercial Code. misrepresentation. duress. coercion. fraud. in the space to the right of the center of the first page. patent. contract. estoppel.e. shall supplement its provisions. Page 88 of 97.

Officials. Officers. “The receivers of the United States Bankruptcy are the International Bankers. Government. James Traficant.J. There are some who say it is a coroner’s report that will lead to our demise. With the Constitutional Republican form of Government now dissolved. “It is an established fact that the United States Federal Government has been dissolved by the Emergency Banking Act. H. 73rd Congress [in] session June 5. page H-1303. a blueprint for our future. and Departments and is further evidence that the United States Federal Government exists today in name only.Joint Resolution To Suspend The Gold Standard and Abrogate The Gold Clause dissolved the Sovereign Authority of the United States and the official capacities of all United States Governmental Offices. via the United Nations. 192. We are setting forth hopefully.The Bankruptcy of The United States: United States Congressional Record. the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund. Speaker-Rep. 1933. Jr. we are here now in chapter 11. March 9. declared by President Roosevelt. March 17. being bankrupt and insolvent. Public Law 89-719. the receivers of Page 89 of 97. S. 1. Members of Congress are official trustees presiding over the greatest reorganization of any Bankrupt entity in world history. All United States Offices.R. 1933 . (Ohio) addressing the House: “Mr. 33. the U. 1993 Vol. 48 Stat. Speaker. and Departments are now operating within a de facto status in name only under Emergency War Powers. .

This act was instituted and established by transferring and / or placing the Office of the Secretary of Treasury to that of the Governor of the International Monetary Fund. but only lawful money – gold and silver coin. or “currency. currency must promise to pay a dollar equivalent in gold or silver money. page 8. being an established Socialist / Communist order under a new governor for America. S. 13955 reads in part: “The U. Federal Reserve Notes make no such promises. that the founding fathers declared that only gold or silver coins can be “money” in America.the Bankruptcy have adopted a new form of government for the United States. Since gold and silver coinage were heavy and inconvenient for a lot of transactions. they were stored in banks and a claim check was issued as a money substitute. Secretary of Treasury receives no compensation for representing the United States. but a money substitute. Page 90 of 97. R. and are not “money.” The federal United States government and the U. not “money.” A Federal Reserve Note is a debt obligation of the federal United States government.” “Gold and silver were such a powerful money during the founding of the united states of America. Public Law 94-564. This new form of government is known as a Democracy. .” People traded their coupons as money. Redeemable Currency is not money. Section H. Congress were not and have never been authorized by the Constitution for the united states of America to issue currency of any kind. S.

One cannot get rich by accumulating money substitutes. Federal Reserve Notes are nothing more than promissory notes for U. “There is a fundamental difference between “paying” and “discharging” a debt. inflation occurs. gold. Treasury securities (T-Bills) – a promise to pay the debt to the Federal Reserve Bank.e. To pay a debt. silver.“It is essential that we comprehend the distinction between real money and paper money substitute. “Inflation is an invisible form of taxation that irresponsible governments inflict on their citizens. S. . The Federal Reserve Bank who controls the supply and movement of Federal Reserve Notes has everybody fooled. Now do you comprehend why you feel broke? Now.” Most Americans have not been paid any “money” for a very long time. Federal Reserve Notes are an inflatable paper system designed to create debt through inflation (devaluation of currency). barter or Page 91 of 97. Whenever there is an increase of the supply of a money substitute in the economy without a corresponding increase in the gold and silver backing. They have access to an unlimited supply of Federal Reserve Notes.” along with the rest of the country? “Federal Reserve Notes are unsigned checks written on a closed account. perhaps not in their entire life. We the People no longer have any “money. you must pay with value or substance (i. paying only for the printing costs of what they need. do you understand why you are “bankrupt. one can only get deeper into debt.

law. [1:9:3] “The Federal Reserve System is a sovereign power structure separate and distinct from the federal United States government. equity or justice because they have so much wealth already.a commodity). or premiums are the same. No contract in Common Law is valid unless it involves an exchange of “good & valuable consideration. you can only discharge a debt. Since the inception of central banking. You cannot service a debt with a currency that has no backing in value or substance. the international bankers used a “Canon Law Trust” as their model.” Unpayable debt transfers power and control to the sovereign power structure that has no interest in money. Congress had passed a law making it illegal for any legal “person” to duplicate a “Joint Stock Trust” in 1873. . The Federal Reserve is a maritime lender. In fact. Their lust is for power and control.” The U. The Federal Reserve Act was legislated post-facto (to 1870). You cannot pay a debt with a debt currency system. S. The lender or underwriter bears the risks. and / or maritime insurance underwriter to the federal United States operating exclusively under Admiralty / Maritime Law. they have controlled the fates of nations. Page 92 of 97. and the Maritime Law compelling specific performance in paying the interest. With Federal Reserve Notes. although post-facto laws are strictly forbidden by the Constitution. “The Federal Reserve System is based on the Canon Law and the principles of sovereignty protected in the Constitution and the Bill of Rights. adding stock and naming it a “Joint Stock Trust.

Like any other debtor. Page 93 of 97. “In return. In 1933. Since the federal United States didn’t have any assets. The Federal Reserve Act stipulated that the interest on the debt was to be paid in gold. forests. S. the federal United States government had to assign collateral and security to their creditors as a condition of the loan. There was no stipulation in the Federal Reserve Act for ever paying the principle. free and clear of any liens or mortgages until the Federal Reserve Act (1913) “Hypothecated” all property within the federal United States to the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve – in which the Trustees (stockholders) held legal title. the federal United States hypothecated all of the present and future properties. the Federal Reserve System agreed to extend the federal United States corporation all the credit “money substitute” it needed.” the U. citizen – to the Federal Reserve System. The U. national parks. and nonprofit organizations. citizens. as collateral against the unpayable federal debt. “Prior to 1913. franchisee) was registered as a “beneficiary” of the trust via his / her birth certificate. most Americans owned clear.“Assets of the debtor can also be hypothecated (to pledge something as a security without taking possession of it) as security by the lender or underwriter. they assigned the private property of their “economic slaves. They also pledged the unincorporated federal territories. allodial title to property. . birth certificates. assets and labor of their “subjects” – the 14th-Amendment U. S. S. as collateral against the federal debt. citizen (tenant.

“All has already been transferred as payment to the international bankers. Unwittingly, America has returned to its pre-American Revolution, feudal roots, whereby all land is held by a sovereign and the common people had no rights to hold allodial title to property. Once again, We the People are the tenants and

sharecroppers renting our own property from a Sovereign in the guise of the Federal Reserve Bank. We the People have exchanged one master for another. “This has been going on for over eighty years without the “informed knowledge” of the American People; without a voice protesting loud enough. Now it’s easy

to grasp why America is fundamentally bankrupt. Why don’t more people own their properties outright? Why are 90% of Americans mortgaged to the hilt and have little or no assets after all debts and liabilities have been paid? Why does it feel like you are working harder and harder and getting less and less? “We are reaping what has been sown, and the results of our harvest is a painful bankruptcy, and a foreclosure on American property, precious liberties, and a way of life. Few of our elected representatives in Washington, D. C. have dared to Our children will inherit

tell the truth. The federal United States is bankrupt.

this unpayable debt, and the tyranny to enforce paying it. America has become completely bankrupt in world leadership, financial credit, and its reputation for courage, vision, and human rights. This is an undeclared economic war, bankruptcy, and economic slavery of the most corrupt order! Wake up America! Take back your Country.” Page 94 of 97.

Acceptance racket costing the American people, 90 billions yearly American Government made responsible to pay debts of one foreigner to another Anti-hoarding campaign Asset currency forced on the U.S. Baltimore & Ohio R.R. asks for loan Bankers' acceptance racket Banks gambling $13 billions of the people's money & credit yearly Bankers hate pensioners Bank holiday declared by Roosevelt Bankruptcy of the U.S. Britain now financial mistress of the world British shielding the Fed British shielding robbery Children the new slaves Colonel Mandel House betrays America Company stores Concealing crimes and criminals Country ravaged and laid wasted Criminals and their crimes Criminal offense against the Government Deceivers are traitors Dynamite for Japan at America's expense Evading tax on circulation European origin of the Fed Federal Reserve corrupt not government institution twelve branches currency unsound has usurped the government conspires to take away peoples title to war debts debts transferred to the people by Roosevelt pool of American confiscated bank deposits Forcing small banks to buy stock Foreign and domestic swindlers Faithless government officials Fiat money and Mr. Mills of the Treasury Financing beans for Japan distilleries in Europe German brewers Financial pirates Financed Trotsky in promoting Russian Revolution Finding the securities put-up for Fed loans

Page 95 of 97.

Five-cent meals for the people Gambling counter have no legal standing German exports to South America paid for by U.S. before shipment Granting gift of $7 millions to every member of the Federal Reserve yearly Greatest crime in history Great depression brought on by evil practices of the Fed Great Britain, partner in blackmail Great haul for the International Bankers Gold standard abandoned by Britain Government in the banking business as never before Government liable for debts of individuals and corporations in foreign lands responsible for Federal Reserve notes issued by the Fed the backer of bootleggers, smugglers, speculators and swindlers in all parts of the world Highly dangerous powers of the Federal Reserve law Horrors of the dishonest Fed Hypocrisy of the embargo on the shipment of gold Immense gold loans to Great Britain Impractical, cumbersome machinery of the Fed International Bankers, enemies of the people they rob International propagandists Internationalists spend half million dollars to get the Federal Reserve law through Congress Ivar Krueger, match king Killing our favorable trade balance King's bank, a worm-eaten fraudulent institution Kuhn, Loeb and Co. take over the U.S. Treasury send a partner to run the Fed Money for Scotch distillers of Fed the money of slaves-not free men Nature of the Ivar Krueger Swindle Oakland County, Michigan, has bankrupt sale of 71,000 homes and farms Our gold sent to Germany Old struggle of Jackson's time One law for bankers-another for Veterans Paying bootleggers' bills Paying no income taxes Peddling our government's credit People's gold wrongfully and illegally taken People's right to know Predatory interests of the centuries President Hoover's friend (Ivar Krueger) President Jackson's battle with the bankers Promoted separate peace between Germany and Russia, World War I Public credit of the U.S. used all over the world at our risk Raising money for Kuhn, Loeb and Co. Ramsey MacDonald, labor party deserter

Page 96 of 97.

Wilson administration establishes the worm-eaten King's bank World enslavement planned World riff-raff operating on the public credit of the U. 2012.Redeeming bad debts of the Fed Re-discounting Repeal the Fed Resolution for audit of the Fed Return to the Constitution Roosevelt casts his lot with the usurers and money changers destroyed the value of the American dollar dictatorship prepares to destroy the Constitution reduces the pay of Federal employees released bankers from debts and charge the people instead servant of International bankers his two kinds of laws will not permit the Congress to investigate the condition of the Fed Shortage of actual money Senator Aldrich's bill used in the Federal Reserve law Carter Glass gets his name on the bill Lodge of Massachusetts opposes the bill Root denounces the Fed Spurious securities for good http://www. exported to foreign countries with all profit to the Fed We need to destroy the Fed.S. being ransacked and pillaged Unlawful usurpation of power by Roosevelt. Revised July Page 97 of 97. .youtube.& O.S.S. in bank holiday. funds State boundaries should be respected in connection with State funds Throwing Veterans off B. March 5.scribd. freight cars Traitorous and dishonest officials Trotsky breaks up Russian homes with American funds Twelve private money trusts Two-named paper wrecked every country where tried U. Links: https://www.scribd. 1933 Wealth of http://www.

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