AN ASTOUNDING EXPOSURE
“Remarks in Congress”
By: Louis T. McFadden
*Note: This text is from a booklet, published before zip codes, entitled "Congressman Louis T. McFadden on the Federal Reserve Corporation: Remarks in Congress, 1934." It is a merger of two different speeches; one in 1932, and another given after FDR became president. It was released by The Forum Publishing Company of Boston, Massachusetts. Facsimile or Text of the original ''1932 speech'' is taken from the original Congressional Record 1932, pages 12595 and 12596. On May 23, 1933, Congressman, Louis T. McFadden, brought formal charges against the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve Bank system, The Comptroller of the Currency, and the Secretary of United States Treasury, for numerous criminal acts, including, but not limited to, CONSPIRACY, FRAUD, UNLAWFUL CONVERSION, AND TREASON. The petition for Articles of Impeachment thereafter was referred to the Judiciary Committee, and has – YET TO BE ACTED ON !!! So, this ELECTRONIC BOOKLET should be reprinted, re-posted, set up on web pages, and circulated far and wide ! DO SOMETHING – HELP SAVE AMERICA!
Louis T. McFadden (1876-1936)
Congressman McFadden – on the Federal Reserve Corporation. Remarks in Congress, 1934 – AN ASTOUNDING EXPOSURE.
Reprinted by permission – 1978 Arizona Caucus Club.
Congressman McFadden's Speech – On the Federal Reserve: A Privately-Owned Corporation.
* * * 3.
due to his
having served as Chairman of the Banking and Currency Committee for more than 10 years. Chairman.
the Federal Reserve Banks. they carry weight that no amount of condemnation on the part of private individuals could hope to carry. we have in this Country one of the most corrupt I refer to the Federal Reserve Board and
institutions the world has ever known. Congressman McFadden. hereinafter called the Fed.'' Whereas Congressman McFadden was elected to the high office on both the Democratic and Republican tickets. The depredations and iniquities of the Page 4 of 97. there can be no accusation of partisanship lodged against him. The Federal Reserve – A Corrupt Institution: McFadden: "Mr. McFadden of Pennsylvania. Because these speeches are set out on their face as recorded in the Congressional Record. and was in a position to speak with authority on the vast ramifications of this gigantic private credit monopoly known as ''The Federal Reserve. was the best posted man on these matters in America. The Fed has cheated the Government of these United States and the people of the United States out of enough money to pay the Nation's debt.
. on or about the years 1932 and 1934.Remarks in Congress as recorded in the Congressional Record: The following are quotations from several speeches made on the Floor of the House of Representatives by the Honorable Louis T.'' which gives impetus to the ''Internal Revenue Service.
there are those who send money into states to buy votes to control our legislatures. They are private monopolies which prey upon the people of these United States for the benefit of themselves and their foreign customers. had bankrupted itself.
has done this through the defects of the law under which it operates. through the mal-administration of that law by the Fed and through the corrupt practices of the moneyed vultures who control it. "This evil institution has impoverished and ruined the people of these United States. and rich and predatory money lenders. In that dark crew of financial pirates there are those who would
cut a man's throat to get a dollar out of his pocket. "Some people think that the Federal Reserve Banks [are] United States Government institutions. and has practically bankrupted our Government. there are those who maintain International propaganda for the purpose of deceiving us into granting of new concessions which will permit them to cover up their past misdeeds and set again in motion their gigantic train of crime. "These twelve private credit monopolies were deceitfully and disloyally foisted upon this Country by the bankers who came here from Europe and repaid us our Page 5 of 97. foreign and domestic speculators and swindlers.Fed has cost enough money to pay the National debt several times over.
He was the tool. of the European bankers who for nearly twenty years had been Page 6 of 97. the National Monetary Association. They have since begun the breaking up of American homes and the dispersal of American children. made a report and presented a vicious bill called the National Reserve Association bill. Aldrich.
. and I do not speak with any. through him. if not the
accomplice. They created a reign of terror in Russia. "Mr. there should be no partisanship in matters concerning banking and currency affairs in this Country. in order to help that war along. and thus drove a wedge between the allies in World War [ I ]. "In 1912. under the chairmanship of the late Senator Nelson W. Russian homes might be thoroughly broken up and Russian children flung far and wide from their natural protectors. and placed a large fund of American dollars at Trotsky's disposal in one of their branch banks in Sweden so that. Chairman. with our money. Senator Aldrich did not write the Aldrich bill.hospitality by undermining our American institutions. They instigated the separate peace between Germany and Russia. Those bankers took money out of this Country to finance Japan in a war against Russia. They fomented and instigated the Russian Revolution. They financed Trotsky's passage from New York to Russia so that he might assist in the destruction of the Russian Empire. This bill is usually spoken of as the Aldrich bill.
President Jackson's time: "One of the greatest battles for the preservation of this Republic was fought out here in Jackson's time. Thirteen months later. that promise was broken. which is the present curse of this Country and which wrecked every country which has ever given it scope. and the Wilson administration. founded on Page 7 of 97. under the tutelage of those sinister Wall Street figures who stood behind Colonel House.scheming to set up a central bank in this Country. and from the cradle to the grave. "The Federal Reserve Bank destroyed our old and characteristic way of doing business. The men who rule the Democratic Party then promised the people that. there would be no central bank established here while they held the reigns of government. in our free Country. when the second Bank of the United States. the wormeaten monarchical institution of the "King's Bank. established here. It discriminated against our 1-name commercial paper. and who in 1912 has spent and were continuing to spend vast sums of money to accomplish their purpose. if they were returned to power." to control us from the top downward. the finest in the
. and it set up the antiquated 2-name paper. it fastened down upon the Country the very tyranny from which the framers of the Constitution sought to save us. "We were opposed to the Aldrich plan for a central bank.
you charged it to the bank. was hurled out of existence. That is what the predatory interests did when they came back in the livery of hypocrisy and under false pretenses obtained the passage of the Fed.the same false principles of those which are here exemplified in the Fed. gentlemen. and I am convinced that you have used the funds of the bank to speculate in the breadstuffs of the country. the Country was warned against the dangers that might ensue if the predatory interests. You are a den of vipers and thieves. on or about 1834: “Gentlemen.” McFadden: "The danger that the Country was warned against came upon us
and is shown in the long train of horrors attendant upon the affairs of the traitorous and dishonest Fed. you divided the profits amongst you. You tell me that if I take the deposits from the bank and annul That may be true. and through him acquire control of the Government. but
its charter. disguise and unite themselves to the Executive. after being cast out. you will ruin fifty thousand families. I will rout you out.
. and by the eternal God. should come back in. When
you won. I shall ruin ten thousand families. in 1837.'' President Andrew Jackson to the Bankers. and when you lost. Look around you when you leave this Chamber Page 8 of 97. After that. I intend to
and that would be my sin!
rout you out. I
have had men watching you for a long time. that is your sin!
Should I let you go on.
in the financing of crime. "It has been said that the draughtsman who was employed to write the text of the Fed used a text of the Aldrich bill because that had been drawn up by lawyers [retained] by acceptance bankers of European origin in New York. the Fed are fully liable. One-half million dollars was spent on the part of the
propaganda organized by these bankers for the purpose of misleading public opinion and giving Congress the impression that there was an overwhelming popular demand for it and the kind of currency that goes with it.and you will see evidences of it in all sides. This is an era of financed crime and. He appropriated the text of the
Aldrich bill. for the conditions that caused that misery. Dr. Senator Henry Cabot Lodge. This is an era of misery. It
was a copy in general. the Fed does not play the part of a disinterested spectator. Parker Willis had
been employed by Wall Street and propagandists. of Page 9 of 97. namely an asset currency based on human debts and obligations. The test of the Federal Reserve Act was tainted from the first. "A few days before the bill came to a vote. he obtained employment with Carter Glass to assist in drawing the banking bill for the Wilson administration. a translation of the statues of the Reichsbank and other European central banks. H. and when the Aldrich measure failed. and. There is no secret about it.
Against its will. stability in business. it has been made the backer of horse thieves and card sharks. 1913 "My Dear Senator Weeks: Throughout my public life. all of his predictions have come true.Massachusetts." McFadden: "In eighteen years that have passed since Senator Lodge wrote that
letter of warning. December 17. and to the general welfare of the people of the United States. Henry Cabot Lodge. the riffraff of every country is operating on the public credit of the United States Government. but I
to a vast inflation of the currency. The Government is in the banking business as never before. Through the Fed. Very Truly Yours. Weeks as follows: New York City. and swindlers in all parts of the world. I should be sorry to hold stock in a bank The bill as it stands seems to me to open the way I had hoped to support this bill. This bill puts the Government into the The powers vested in the
banking business as never before in our history. especially where there is political control of the Board. subject to such dominations. speculators.
Federal Reserve Board seem to me highly dangerous. smugglers.
cannot vote for it because it seems to me to contain features and to rest upon principles in the highest degree menacing to our prosperity. bootlegger's. wrote to Senator John W.
. I have supported all measures designed to take the Government out of the banking business. Page 10 of 97.
000 houses and farms in
Oakland County. or the minds of the people so full of despair. our Country
has been ravaged and laid waste by the evil practices of the Fed and the interests which control them. 60. At no time in our history has the general welfare of the people been at a lower level. before the Senate Banking and Currency Committee. From the Atlantic to the Pacific. The Scheme of the Fed: "In 1913. They are the victims of the Fed. "Recently in one of our States. The people who have thus been driven out are the wastage of the Fed. with its
commercial paper. instead of Page 11 of 97.The Great Depression: "Meanwhile and on account of it.
. 71. were sold and their erstwhile owners dispossessed. and to evade payment of as much tax upon circulation as possible. Mr. Michigan. cumbersome machinery. Alexander Lassen made the following statement: "The whole scheme of the Fed. is an impractical. we ourselves are in the midst of the greatest depression we have ever known. and then control the issue and maintain. is simply a cover to secure the privilege of issuing money. Their children are the new slaves of the auction blocks in the revival of the institution of human slavery.000 dwelling houses and farms were brought under the hammer (foreclosed on) in a single day.
and. on the United States Government.reducing. They should not have foisted that kind of currency. they should have stopped at that. an asset currency." A few days before the Fed passed.
It will prove to the advantage of the few and the It will mean continued shortage of actual money and
further extension of credits.
.. for when there is a shortage of money. Kuhn. and shortly afterwards.'' McFadden: "If ever a prophecy came true. Loeb and Co. on Page 12 of 97. sent one of their partners here to run it. When the proponents of the act saw that the Democratic doctrine would not permit them to let the proposed banks issue the new currency as bank notes. will have vanished. the German International bankers. people have to borrow to their cost. They should not have made the Government [liable on the private] debts of individuals and corporations. He predicted: ''Long before
we wake up from our dream of prosperity through an inflated currency. detriment of the people. our gold. namely. in the year 1913. It is the worst currency and the most
dangerous that this Country has ever known. least of all. that one did. "The Fed Note is essentially unsound. and no rate of interest will tempt it to return. The Fed became law
the day before Christmas Eve. which alone could have kept us from catastrophe. Senator Root denounced the Fed as an outrage on our liberties. interest rates.
General Public finds [how much] it costs to deliver this paper to the Fed. but in substance. interest rates Page 13 of 97.'' McFadden: "Hon. L. Mr.
. "Before the Banking and Currency Committee. and if the Government has made no provisions for redeeming them. to ward off or cause By making money artificially scarce. therefore. and truly:
"They [Fed Reserve Notes] are obligations of the Government for which the United States received nothing and for the payment of which. J.the private debts of foreigners. it assumes the responsibility: looking to the Fed to recoup itself. Crozier of Cincinnati said: ''The imperial power of elasticity of
the public currency is wielded exclusively by the central corporations owned by the banks. have some of the qualities of Government paper money. said.'' McFadden: "If this United States is to redeem the Fed Notes. in
form. at any time.
stringencies and panics. are almost a pure asset currency possessing a Government guarantee against which contingency the Government has made no provision whatever [but for governors' convention pledging the American People as collateral or 'chattel' ]. when the bill was under discussion. Hill. the first element of unsoundness is not far to seek. business. This is a life and death power over all local banks and all It can be used to create or destroy prosperity. a former member of the House. As Kemerer says:
''The Fed Notes.
Not a dollar can be put into circulation among the people by their Government. Chairman. and gave them an absolute monopoly of the currency of these United States.
. if a Scottish distiller wishes to send a cargo of Scotch whiskey Page 14 of 97. The 12
Corporations together cover [industry] and monopolize and use.throughout the Country can be arbitrarily raised and the bank tax on all business and cost of living increased for the profit of the banks owning these regional central banks. for private gain. and without the slightest benefit to the people. but mere promises to pay. without the consent of and on terms fixed by these 12 private money trusts. The Fed Act [is] providing ways and means by which the gold and general currency in the hands of the American people could be obtained by the Fed in exchange for Fed Notes. Money for the Scottish Distillers: "Mr. "Since the evil day when this was done.'' McFadden: "In defiance of this and all other warnings. the proponents of the
Fed created the 12 private credit corporations. the initial monopoly has been extended by vicious amendments to the Fed and by the unlawful and treasonable practices of the Fed. which are not money. but of all other currency. not of the Fed Notes alone. every dollar of the public currency and all public revenue of the United States.
to these United States. or if the Coast Guard seizes it and destroys it. it can draw its bill against the Japanese customers in dollars and send that bill to the nefarious open discount market in New York City. by the same process. the Scotch distiller can send that bill to the nefarious open discount market in New York City where the Fed will buy it and use it as collateral for a new issue of Fed Notes. the Fed simply write off the loss and the government never recovers the money that was paid to the Scotch distiller. the Fed are in the distillery business in Europe and paying bootlegger bills with public credit of these United States. where the Fed will buy it and use it as collateral for a new issue of Fed Page 15 of 97. Mr. Thus the Government of these United States pay the Scotch distiller for the whiskey before it is shipped.
Chairman. Why should the Fed be permitted to finance the brewing industry in Germany either in this way or as they do by compelling small and fearful United States Banks to take stock in the Isenbeck Brewery and in the German Bank for brewing industries? Mr.
. "While we are attempting to enforce prohibition here. and if it is lost on the way. if Dynamit Nobel of Germany wishes to sell dynamite in Japan to use in Manchuria or elsewhere. Chairman. he can draw his bill against the purchasing bootlegger in dollars and after the bootlegger has accepted it by writing his name across the face of it. they compel our
Government to pay the German brewer for his beer.
why should the currency of these United States be issued on the strength of German Beer? Why should it be issued on the crop of unplanted beans to be grown in Chili for Japanese consumption? Why should these United States be compelled to issue many billions of dollars every year to pay the debts of one foreigner to another foreigner? Was it for this [reason] that our National Bank depositors had their money taken out of our banks and shipped abroad? Page 16 of 97. the Fed will be helping Dynamit Nobel by stuffing its stock into the United States banking system. while at the same time.
. he can draw a bill against his prospective Japanese customer in dollars. and have it purchased by the Fed and get the money out of this Country at the expense of the American people before he has even planted the beans in the ground. "Why should we send our representatives to the disarmament conference at Geneva. Chairman. while the Fed is making our Government pay Japanese debts to German Munitions makers? "Mr. Chairman. or any Country. Mr. if a German wishes to raise a crop of beans and sell them to a Japanese customer. "Mr. or even manufactures the goods.Notes. if a German in Germany wishes to export
goods to South America. Chairman. he can draw his bill against his customers and send it to these United States and get the money out of this Country before he ships.
Chilean bean growers. As Agents of the foreign central banks. human hair merchants. the Fed try by every means in their power to reduce our favorable balance of trade. narcotic drug vendors. and to the Page 17 of 97. "What we need to do is to send the reserves of our National Banks home to the people who earned and produced them and who still own them. whiskey distillers.
. and to kill or reduce our favorable balance of trade. to finance the munition factories of Germany and Soviet Russia? The United States has been ransacked: "The United States has been ransacked and pillaged.Was it for this [reason] that they had to lose it? Why should the public credit of these United States and likewise money belonging to our National Bank depositors be used to support foreign brewers. until our markets were swamped with un-needed and un-wanted imported goods priced far above their value and made to equal the dollar volume of our honest exports. Our structures have been
gutted and only the walls are left standing. They act for their foreign principal and they accept fees from foreigners for acting against the best interests of these United States. everything the world would rake up to sell us was brought in here at our expense by the Fed. wig makers. While being perpetrated. Naturally there has been great competition among foreigners for
the favors of the Fed.
.banks which were compelled to surrender them to predatory interests. and at a sickening loss to the American people. Chairman. It is a public trough of American wealth in which the foreigners
claim rights equal to or greater than Americans.00 Fed Note in your hand. stand the drain of it as long as we did. They barter the public credit of the United States Government. They use our bank depositors' money for the benefit of their foreign principals. you are holding a piece of paper which sooner or later is going to cost the United States Government $10. rags and bones Page 18 of 97. there is nothing like the Fed pool of confiscated bank deposits in the world. wherein our national reserves are impounded for the benefit of the foreigners. bootleggers fancies. "All this is done at the expense of the United States Government. and hire it to foreigners at a profit to themselves. The Fed are the agents of the foreign central banks. Spurious Securities: "Mr. It is based on 'Limburger cheese' (purported to be Only our great wealth enabled us to
in foreign warehouses) or in cans purported to contain peas (but may contain salt water instead). Chairman. We need to save America for Americans. illicit drugs. "Mr. or horse meat.00 in gold. when you hold a $10. "We need to destroy the Fed.
Chairman. I believe that the National Bank depositors of these United Page 19 of 97. you have it in Fed Note. Are you going to Germany to inspect her warehouses to see if the specified things of value are there? did go. I do not think that you would find them there if you
. the whiskey. you will have a very hard time finding them. "If you like to have paper money. and Bombay ducks.from Soviet Russia (of which these United States imported over a million dollars worth last year). 1932. garlic on the string. the Limburger cheese. another $300. $12. the Fed outfit sent $750. whiskey. since the German marks are below parity with the dollar. A week later. About the middle of May. goat and dog fur. "On April 27. natural gas. Almost every week there is a shipment of gold to Germany. or any of the other staples.000.000 belonging to American bank depositors in gold to Germany. "Many of these worshipful commodities are in foreign Countries. which is secured by such commodities.] more.000 in gold was shipped to Germany by the Fed. the illicit drugs. If you desire to obtain the thing of value upon which this
paper currency is based. I think [not. that is. These shipments are not made for profit on the exchange. on wines. "Mr.000 in gold was shipped to Germany.
"Mr. In 1930. and that all their deposits can be paid away to foreigners without their knowledge or consent by the crooked machinery of the Fed and the questionable practices of the Fed. we had over a half billion dollars outstanding daily to finance
foreign goods. Page 20 of 97. What goods are these on which the Fed yearly pledge several billions of dollars? In its yearly total. There are millions of National Bank depositors in the Country who do not know that a percentage of every dollar they deposit in a Member Bank of the Fed goes automatically to American Agents of the foreign banks. this item amounts to several billions of
dollars of the public credit of these United States. "What goods are those which are hidden in European and Asiatic stores [and] have not been seen by any officer of our Government. Chairman. But it is none the less
.States have a right to know what the Fed are doing with their money. the American people should be told the truth by their servants in office. but which are being financed on the public credit of the United States Government? What goods are those upon which the United States Government is being obligated by the Fed to issue Fed Notes to the extent of several billions of dollars a year? The Bankers' Acceptance Racket: "The Fed have been International Banks from the beginning. with these United States as their enforced banker and supplier of currency.
who set up the Fed here and taught your own [bankers]. how to loot the people.extraordinary to see these twelve private credit monopolies buying the debts of foreigners against foreigners. it has amounted to several times that much. Coupled
to this. S. and asking the Government of these United States for new issues of Fed notes in exchange for them. Is it
. as it has been developed by the Fed.000. by and of pirates. the gambling in the United States securities. In my opinion. it is said to have amounted to $90. which takes place in the same open discount market. [encompasses] their foreign correspondents and the predatory European born bankers. in all parts of the world. a gambling on which the Fed is now spending $100. and by means of a long rawhide whip of the credit masters. Government in unlimited quantities. I say the magnitude of this racket is estimated In the
to be in the neighborhood of $9. to the extent of billions of dollars. strange that the burden of supplying these immense sums of money to the gambling fraternity has at last proved too heavy for the American people to endure? Would it not be a national calamity if the Fed should again bind down this burden on the backs of the American people. "Fed Notes are taken from the U.000 [nine-billion dollars] per year. you have. The magnitude of the acceptance racket.000.000.000.
past ten years.000 [one-hundred-million dollars] per week.000.000 [ninety-billion dollars]. compel them to enter another seventeen Page 21 of 97.
000. Our people are disgusted
with the experiences of the Fed. The Fed is not producing a loaf of bread. or a pile of cord-wood by its check-kiting operations in the money market. the member banks of the Fed
borrowed $60. and they are sending that money to the nefarious open market in a desperate gamble to re-establish their graft as a going concern.years of slavery? "They are trying to do that now. a bushel of corn.690. The actual amount of such obligations called for six Page 22 of 97. in addition to all their other seizures.000 a week. "They are putting the United States Government in debt to the extent of $100.598. I made the following statement: In the course of my remarks. Think of it. five-hundred-ninety-eight-million. a yard of cloth. on the 13th of January of this year.
. I addressed the House on the subject of the Reconstruction Finance Corporation. and with the money. They are trying to take $100. "Mr.000.000 [sixty-billion. Speaker. sixhundred-ninety-thousand dollars] from the Fed on their fifteen-day promissory notes.000 [onehundred-million dollars] of the public credit of the United States every week.
In 1928. Sixty billion dollars payable on demand in gold in the
course of one single year. they are buying our Government securities for themselves and their foreign principals.
and withdrew from the market. of about $7. twenty-two-million.782. When the swindle began to fall. the Fed advanced them $13.000 to its member banks at the expense of the wage earners and tax payers of these United States.598.000. the Fed advanced $58. seven-hundred-eighty-two-thousand dollars].000. They got out with whole skins. has at last proved unequal to the task of supplying this huge total of cash and credit for the benefit of the stock market manipulators and foreign swindlers? In 1933.000. as represented by the Fed currency. "In 1930. which ultimately pays the cost of all banking operations of this Country. "Is it any wonder that American labor. in the course of one single year. the Fed presented the staggering
amount of $60. the year of the stock
market crash. This shows that when the banks were gambling on the public credit of these United States.000 [thirteen-billion.000 [fifty-eight-billion dollars] to member banks.000 [sevenmillion dollars] to every member of the Fed. while the speculating banks were getting out of the stock market at the expense of the general public. Page 23 of 97. and left the people of these United States to pay the piper. In 1929.
. they were subsidized to any amount they required by the Fed.
represent a grant.times as much monetary gold as there is in the world. the bankers knew it in advance.022.690.
] or a parcel of Page 24 of 97. to whom the acquisition of American [Notes.000.
. has stated that he thought the Fed lent money on re-discounting. So they do. The theft of Teapot Dome was trifling compared to it. The real discounting that they do has been called a mere penny in the slot business. they lent $33.000 [sixtybillion dollar] advances.000. It is too slow for genuine high flyers. McGugin. but they lend comparatively little that
way. where they can use it to control the price of stocks and bonds on the exchanges. The John Law Swindle: "This is the John Law swindle over again. They
prefer to subsidize their favorite banks by making them $60. "For every dollar they advanced on discounts in 1928.00 to their favorite banks for whom they do a business of several billion dollars income tax on their profits to these United States."My friend from Kansas. and they prefer to acquire assistance in the notorious open discount market in New York. Mr. They discourage it. What King ever robbed his subject to such an extent as the Fed has robbed us? Is it any wonder that there have been lately ninety Is there any wonder that
cases of starvation in one of the New York hospitals? the children are being abandoned?
"The government and the people of these United States have been swindled by swindlers deluxe.
sharpers with strong banking "fence" on this side of the water. a "fence" acting as a receiver of a worthless paper coming from abroad. and in turn. transmitting the gold to its foreign confederates. That is what happens when a Country forsakes its Constitution and gives its sovereignty over the public currency to private interests. the Match King: "Such were the exploits of Ivar Krueger.Fed Notes. Give them the flag
. endorsing it. was drawn from the government and the people of the United States through the Fed. That is what the Fed has been doing for many years. exchanging that currency for gold. Hoover's friend. Mr. Every dollar of the billions Kreuger and his gang drew out of
this Country on acceptances. and they will sell it. Ivar Kreuger. by sharpers not subject to the jurisdiction of these United States. and getting the currency out of the Fed for it as quickly as possible. and his rotten Wall Street bankers. "They have been peddling the credit of this Government and the signature (liability) of this Government to the swindlers and speculators of all nations. presented no more difficulty than the drawing up of a worthless acceptance in a Country not subject to the laws of these United States. The credit of the United States Government was peddled to him by the Fed for their own private gain. Page 25 of 97.
000 [thirty-million dollars] was taken from the American taxpayers by certain bankers in New York for the ostensible purpose of permitting Krueger to make a loan to Colombia. went to Paris and committed suicide. "The nature of Krueger's swindle was known here in January when he visited his friend. Hoover.000. "A few days ago. at the White House. and to know how much of our Government currency was issued and lost in the financing of that great swindle in the years during which the Fed took care of Krueger's requirements. The bankrupt condition of Krueger's swindle was known here last summer when $30.000 [one-hundred-twenty-five-million dollars] from the operation of the Hoover Moratorium.000. I think the people of the United States are entitled to know how many billions of dollars were placed at the disposal of Krueger and his gigantic combine by the Fed. "Mr."The nature of Kreuger's organized swindle and the bankrupt condition of Kreuger's combine was known here last June when Hoover sought to exempt Krueger's loan to Germany of $125. Colombia never saw that money. Mr. the President of the United States. It was known here in March before he
. Chairman. with a white face and shaking hands. went before the Senate on behalf of the moneyed interests and asked the Senate to levy a tax on the people so that foreigners might Page 26 of 97.
C.know that these United States would pay its debt to them. It is
It is standing. cap in hand. the German International Bankers. What does these United States owe foreigners? When and by whom was the debt incurred? It was incurred by the Fed.
asking for money that was raised from the people by taxation. "Most Americans thought it was the other way around.. Thieves Go Scot Free: "Are you going to let these thieves get off scot free? Is there one law for the
looter who drives up to the door of the United States Treasury in his limousine and another for the United States Veterans who are sleeping on the floor of a dilapidated house on the outskirts of Washington? "The Baltimore and Ohio Railroad is here asking for a large loan from the people and the wage earners and the taxpayers of these United States. at the It is
door of the R. It is what the United States
Government has to pay to redeem the obligations of the Fed. Loeb and Co. where all the jackals have gathered to the feast.
Page 27 of 97.
. and wants this money of the poor for the benefit of Kuhn. F. begging for a handout from the Government. when they peddled the signature of the Government to foreigners for a Price.
along with the rest. they
have sent $1. "The Fed lately conducted an anti-hoarding campaign here. and every dollar of that gold belonged to the people of these United States. I cannot enter into a Page 28 of 97. F. "It will take twenty years to redeem our Government.000. Fiat Money: "Mr. is taking over these worthless securities from the Investment Trusts with United States Treasury money at the expense of the American taxpayer and the wage earner.300. their foreign masters. Chairman. C. three-hundred-million dollars] in gold to their foreign employers. Twenty years of penal servitude to pay off the gambling debts of the traitorous Fed and to vast flood of American wages and savings. They took that extra money which they had persuaded the American people to put into the banks. In the last several months.000 [one-billion. and was unlawfully taken from them."Is there one law for the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad and another for the hungry veterans it threw off its freight cars the other day? Is there one law for
sleek and prosperous swindlers who call themselves bankers and another law for the soldiers who defended the flag? The R. bank deposits. and the United States Government credit which the Fed exported out of this country to their foreign principals. they sent it to Europe.
. within the limits of the time allowed me.
If he had.
I have singled out the Fed currency for a
few remarks because there has lately been some talk here of "fiat money. nothing should be concealed from the people. I introduced a resolution here asking for an examination and an audit of the Fed and all related matters. This is a Government of the people. he would be no
party to the present gambling of the Fed in the nefarious open discount market of New York. Mills of the Treasury has
spoken here of his horror of the printing presses and his horror of dishonest money. "Fiat money.particularized discussion of the Fed. the people of these United States will obtain information of great value. last December. for the people. "Mr. Chairman. If the House sees
fit to make such an investigation.
. of the bankers' monopoly of all the currency of the United States Government. Consequently.
The man who deceives the people is a traitor to these United States. Mills is fighting for is the preservation. by the people." What kind of money is being pumped into the open discount market and through it into foreign channels and stock exchanges? Mr. whole and entire. He has no horror of dishonest money. indeed! "What Mr. a market in which the sellers are represented by 10 discount corporations owned and organized by the very banks which own and control the Fed. Page 29 of 97.
"Every effort has been made by the Fed to conceal its powers. the Americans will not need to stand in the bread line.
"No man and no body of men is more entrenched in power than the arrogant credit monopoly which operated the Fed.
I am told that they amount to upwards of a billion dollars. Women will be saved. but the truth is. and American children will not be dispersed and abandoned. Immense numbers of the notes are now held abroad. They constitute a claim against our Government and likewise a claim against our peoples' money to the extent of $1.300. families will be kept together. the Fed has usurped the Government.000 [one-billion. or to suffer and die of starvation in the streets. Mr. If that claim is
enforced. all of our foreign relations."The man who knows or suspects that a crime has been committed and who conceals and covers up that crime is an accessory to it.
. "Here is a Fed Note.000. three-hundred-million dollars]. which Page 30 of 97. it is
a monstrous thing for this great nation of people to have its destinies presided over by a traitorous government board acting in secret concert with international usurers. The people have a valid claim against the Fed. Speaker. What National Government has permitted the Fed to steal from the people should now be restored to the people. It controls everything here and it controls
It makes and breaks governments at will.
been shipped abroad to redeem Fed Notes and to pay other gambling debts of the traitorous Fed. The greater part of our money stock has been shipped to other lands.has. "The Fed are spending $100.000.000 a week buying government securities in the open market and are making a great bid for foreign business. produced by cheaply paid foreign labor. cheap goods. "Why should we promise to pay the debts of foreigners to foreigners? Why should the Fed be permitted to finance our competitors in all parts of the world? Do you know why the tariff was raised? It was raised to shut out the flood of
Fed Goods pouring in here from every quarter of the globe.
. They are trying to make rates so attractive that the human hair merchants and the distillers and other business entities in foreign land will come here and hire more of the public credit of the United States Government to pay the Fed outfit for getting it for them. when the Fed was passed. World Enslavement Planned: "Mr. on unlimited supplies of money and credit sent out of this Country by the dishonest and unscrupulous Fed. within the last few months. Chairman. the people of these United States did not perceive that a world system was being set up here which would make the savings of the American school teacher available to a narcotic-drug vendor in Page 31 of 97.
" A superstate controlled by international bankers. that Russia was destined to supply the man power and that this country was to supply the financial power to an "international superstate. and international industrialists acting together to enslave the world for their own pleasure. clothing and medicine. United States are concerned. They have been dispossessed from their homes. but So far as the people of the
Page 32 of 97. They have been left to suffer and die for lack of shelter. They have lost their children.
. They did not perceive that these United States was to be lowered to the position of a coolie country which has nothing but raw material and heart.Acapulco. food. "The wealth of these United States and the working capital have been taken away from them and has either been locked in the vaults of certain banks and the great corporations or exported to foreign countries for the benefit of the foreign customers of these banks and corporations. They have been driven from their employments. the cupboard is bare. "It is true that the warehouses and coal yards and grain elevators are full. They have been evicted from their rented quarters. "The people of these United States are being greatly wronged.
Austin. members of the Federal Reserve Board. Black. Edmund Platt.000.S Treasury which were not appropriated by the Congress of the United States.S. a serious situation confronts the House of Representatives today. 1930.000 [eighty-billion dollars] from the U.S. F. and branches of foreign banks doing business in the U. to the extent Page 33 of 97. Payton.
Crimes and Criminals:
"Mr. and I charge them with similar thefts committed in 1929. Hamlin. Isaac B. Roy A.S. L. Mr. Ogden L. M. J. jointly and severally. Mills.000.these are padlocked. J.W. and the great banks and corporations hold the keys. Treasury to the extent of over $80.C. .000. George De Camp. with having unlawfully created claims against the U. Eugene B. .T.
. H. W. J. Chairman. Through the Fed. Charles S.000.B.Eugene Meyer. Oscar Newton. and I charge them with having unlawfully taken over $80. Government in the year 1928. with violations of the Constitution and laws of the United States. E. George R.S. "Whereas. Stevens. Poole.000 in the year 1928. 1932 and 1933.F. Chairman. Newton. Chane.M.S. Federal Reserve Agents. Williams.L. private interests and commercial and private banks of the U. Hoxton. James. We are trustees of the people and the rights of the people are being taken away from them. common decency
requires us to examine the public accounts of the Government and see what crimes against the public welfare have been committed. C. the said unlawful taking consisting of the unlawful creation of claims against the U. Speaker. Treasury by unlawfully placing U.S. J. Their property has been taken from them without due process of law. "The sack of these United States by the Fed is the greatest crime in history. Adolph Casper Miller. Andrew W. O'Connor.L. I rise to a question of constitutional privilege. McClure. the people are losing the rights guaranteed to them by the Constitution. R. and foreign countries.. Young. I charge. and – "Whereas I charge them. 1931. amounting to billions of dollars. and in years previous to 1928. Walsh.S. Government credit in specific amounts to the credit of foreign governments and foreign central banks of issue. Mellon. Curtis. Woo W. jointly and severally.N. Wood.H. William H. "What is needed here is a return to the Constitution of these United States. "Mr. and whereas I charge them with having taken funds from the U.
and with having by the process defrauded the U.S. Government security for gold or gold values. in order that the gold value of the said currency might be given to private interests.S. and – "Whereas I charge them.S.S.S. and – "Whereas I charge them.S. Treasury. and – "Whereas I charge them. with having brought about the repudiation of the currency obligations of the Fed Banks to the people of the U.S. and I charge them of having defrauded the U. jointly and severally.S. and with having made unlawful contracts in the name of the U. which requires the Fed Board to fix an interest rate on all issues of Fed Notes supplied to Fed Banks.S. upon which the Government liability was extinguished. and with thus having obtained money under false pretenses.S.S. and with having made unlawful issues and advances of Fed currency on the security of said artificially created evidences of debt for a sinister purpose. Government securities with U. Government credit unlawfully taken. and – "Whereas I charge them.. with having unlawfully issued Fed currency on false. for the use of the Fed Notes.S.. and with having assisted in the execution of said sinister purpose.S.
. with having taken Fed Notes from the U.S.S. and with having substituted such securities for gold which was being held as collateral security for Fed Notes.000.S. [unused] Fed Notes. Government securities. with having purchased U. foreign governments.000 [one-billion dollars] artificially created at the end of February. with having unlawfully negotiated U. and – "Whereas I charge them. and I charge them with having done this for the Page 34 of 97. and with having again purchased U. and with having unlawfully permitted renewals of acceptances and renewals of other circulating evidences of debt. foreign central banks of issues. and early in March 1933. and – "Whereas I charge them. the interest resulting therefrom to be paid by the Fed Banks to the government of the U. and with having permitted acceptance bankers and discount dealer corporations and other private bankers to violate the banking laws of the U. with having unlawfully substituted Fed currency and other irredeemable paper currency for gold in the hands of the people after the decision to repudiate the Fed currency and the national currency was made known to them. Government and the U. Government and the people of the U. Government securities back to the people of the U. and with having conspired to have the debts and losses of the Fed Board and the Fed Banks unlawfully transferred to the Government and the people of the U.S. and I charge them with having defrauded the U. as collateral security for Fed Notes.S. and I charge them with the theft of all the gold and currency they obtained by this process. jointly and severally. for gold or gold values. and with having defrauded the holders of Fed currency. of billions of dollars by the commission of this crime.. and the Bank of International Settlements. by this rotary process. to be left without gold or lawful money and with no currency other that a paper currency irredeemable in gold.S. and with having again sold the said U.. and with having conspired to obtain a release for the Fed Board and the Fed Banks from their contractual liability to redeem all Fed currency in gold or lawful money at the Fed Bank. and with having put Fed Notes into circulation without obeying the mandatory provision of the Fed Act.S. Treasury. jointly and severally. jointly and severally. and with having made unlawful advances of Fed currency.S. and with having sold the said U.of billions of dollars. jointly and severally.. 1933. and – "Whereas I charge them. and with having made false entries on books of account.S. with having brought about a repudiation of the national currency of the U.000. Government credit unlawfully taken. Government securities with U. with having conspired to have evidences of debt to the extent of $1. jointly and severally. Government and the people of the U. and – "Whereas I charge them. and the people of the U. jointly and severally. Government and the people of the U. jointly and severally. worthless and fictitious acceptances and other circulating evidence of debt.S.
S. both foreign and domestic.S.S.S. foreign central banks of issue. Treasury. and with having lawfully permitted and facilitated the sale of the said foreign securities in the U. Government for the said U. foreign governments.S. with having arbitrarily and unlawfully raised and lowered the rates of money and with having arbitrarily increased and diminished the volume of currency in circulation for the benefit of private interests at the expense of the Government and the people of the U. salaries and property values. Government's own credit unlawfully taken. and – "Whereas the U. foreign central banks of issue.000 [three-billion dollars].S. accepting banks. it being obvious that the Fed do no not intend to pay anything of value to the U. and – "Whereas I charge them. and – "Whereas the unconstitutional inflation law imbedded in the so-called Farm Relief Act.000 in the U. and what amount of U. for export to the U. which was lawfully due to the U. as a result of which refusal the Congress of the U. and – "Whereas I charge them.000. Government will thus be placed in a position of conferring a gift of $3.S.S. by unlawful manipulation of money rates and the volume of U..000. by service rendered to foreign and domestic speculators and politicians. Government securities to the extent of $3.S.S. and with having unlawfully manipulated money rates.S. both real and personal. currency is now held abroad. to the lowest rate per capita in the history of the Government.. Government will thus go into debt to the extent of $3.S.S.. coins and issues of currency are at the present time. and private and commercial banks.000. by which the Fed Banks are given permission to buy U.000.000. and with having unlawfully permitted and made possible the bringing into the United States of immense quantities of foreign securities.S. jointly and severally. and discount corporations.000. money in coins and paper currency exported. and the bank of International Settlements. wages.S. foreign commercial banks. jointly and severally.000 with U. is unable to ascertain where the U. and by unlawful sale of U. with having brought about the decline in prices on the New York Stock Exchange and other exchanges in October.S. and the Bank of International Settlements.S. and – "Whereas I charge them.S. and to draw forth currency from the people's Treasury to the extent of $3. gold reserves abroad.S. with conniving with the Edge Law banks. Government securities on the Fed to enable them to pay more on their bad debts to foreign governments. and I charge them with concealment and evasion in refusing to make known the amount of U.000.S. Government securities. of their lawful medium of exchange. no provision for payment in gold or lawful money appearing in the so-called Farm Relief bill.000 and will then Page 35 of 97.S. and other Edge Law institutions.S.S. by unlawful operations in the open discount market and by resale and repurchase agreements unsanctioned by law.000. is likely to result in connivance on the part of said accused with others in the purchase by the Fed of the U. foreign central banks of issue. and I charge them with having arbitrarily and unlawfully reduced the amount of money and currency in circulation in the U. by theft of funds from the U. coins and currency for a sinister purpose. and the amount remaining in the U.S.S.000.benefit of private interests. foreign corporations. on trade balances and otherwise. private interests. 1929. jointly and severally. and foreign individuals with funds unlawfully taken from the U. instead of gold. money and currency in circulation. Treasury by gambling in acceptances and U. and the U. and with having deprived the people of the U.000. jointly and severally.000.
. with having unlawfully exported U.S.S. so that the great mass of the people have been left without a sufficient medium of exchange. and with having unlawfully permitted the said foreign securities to be imported into the U. and – "Whereas I charge them. Government securities. in the U. created in foreign countries. and I charge them with having unlawfully permitted and made possible 'new financing' for foreigners at the expense of the U. Treasury to the extent of billions of dollars. Government securities to the extent of $3.S.
jointly and severally.S. and – "Whereas I charge them.S. the Prime Minister of Great Britain.S. and – Page 36 of 97.. and that they will likewise confer benefits upon the Bank of International Settlements for which they maintain an account and perform services at the expense of the U. if known. and other foreign institutions and individuals at a profit to themselves.9 percent in 1924 to 37. with failure to protect and maintain the gold reserves and the gold stock and gold coinage of the U.S. and with having permitted them to transfer upward of $100. and I charge them with having sold gold reserves of the U.S. the U.S. foreign central banks of issue.S. jointly and severally. and – "Whereas I charge them. under false pretenses.S to foreign Governments..S.000.S. with having fictitiously paid installments on the national debt with Government credit unlawfully taken. to pay the debts of the Fed to foreigners.000 and three million in currency to be issuable thereupon for the benefit of themselves and their foreign principals. had a favorable balance of trade throughout that period. and with evasions of the Fed Law and other laws.000 in currency unlawfully created against it and whereas no private interest should be permitted to buy U. Treasury. upon the occasion of his latest visit to the U. and with having permitted them to exercise control over the gold reserves of the U. Government securities with the Government's own credit unlawfully taken and whereas currency should not be issued for the benefit of said private interest or any interests on U. and with having conspired to transfer to foreigners and international money lenders title to and control of the financial resources of the U.S. and with having permitted foreign debts of the Fed to be paid with the property. Government securities and thus the national debt of the U.000. would have caused the Fed Banks to lose their charters. and that they will convert the currency so obtained to the uses of Great Britain by secret arrangements with the Bank of England of which they are the agents.S.000. foreign commercial and private banks. and whereas I charge them with forcing the bad debts of the Fed upon the general public covertly and dishonestly and with taking the general wealth and savings of the people of the U. with violations of the Fed Act and other laws. Government funds and other deposits.S.
. so that between 1924 and 1928. Treasury. and – "Whereas I charge them.000. with the loss of the U. and – "Whereas I charge them. in the hands of foreigners and international money lenders. and with having sold the gold reserves of the U.000. the wages. and – "Whereas I charge them.S. with maladministration of the Fed Act. gained no gold on net account but suffered a decline in its percentage of central gold reserves from the 45. with having concealed the insolvency of the Fed and with having failed to report the insolvency of the Fed to the Congress and with having conspired to have the said insolvent institutions continue in operation. the savings.S. Government funds entrusted to their care. jointly and severally.000 [one-hundred-billion dollars] of their debts and losses to the general public and the Government of the U. with having conspired to concentrate U. and with having permitted the said insolvent institutions to receive U. jointly and severally. and the salaries of the people of the U.S. jointly and severally. and whereas there is grave danger that the accused will employ the provision creating U.000..S. and – "Whereas I charge them. and for which they maintain an account and perform services at the expense of the U. and with the farms and the homes of the American people. jointly and severally. Government securities to the extent of $3.S...5 percent in 1928 notwithstanding the fact that the U. and with having unlawfully failed to report violations of law on the part of the Fed Banks which. and whereas it has been publicly stated and not denied that the inflation amendment of the Farm Relief Act is the matter of benefit which was secured by Ramsey MacDonald.S.S. Treasury.have an additional claim of $3. Government securities so acquired.
and – "Whereas I charge them.S. and to cause the U. jointly and severally. to have such printing and binding done. Government.. has recessed. jointly and severally.S.S. to lose its independence. in pretending to have received payment from Great Britain of the amount due on the British war debt to the U. with the crime of having treasonable conspired and acted against the peace and security of the U. Such Committee shall report its finding to the House.S. Army and the U.S. and – "Whereas I charge them.S.. which has necessitated to a large extent the destruction of our national defense and the reduction of the U. and having furnished false and misleading reports to the congress of the U. and to make such expenditures as it deems necessary.
. from foreign nations. and – "Whereas I charge them. with having entered into secret agreements and illegal transactions with Montague Norman.S. with unlawfully allowing Great Britain to share in the profits of the Fed at the expense of the Government and the people of the U. and with having reduced the U.. the Committee is authorized to sit and act during the present Congress at such times and places in the District of Columbia or elsewhere.S. jointly and severally. jointly and severally..S. and other assistants. 1932. that the Committee on the Judiciary is authorized and directed as a whole or by subcommittee. and to the general public of the U. in the opinion of the said committee.. together with such resolution or resolutions of impeachment. "For the purpose of this resolution. from a first-class power to one that is dependent. stenographic.S Government and the people of the U.. with the failure to furnish true reports of the business operations and the true conditions of the Fed to the Congress and the people. to hold such clerical. from receiving payment of the war debts due to the U.S. Governor of the Bank of England. Treasury. jointly and severally. and with having thereby caused losses amounting to billions of dollars to the said banks. and other unlawful transactiving created a deficit in the U.S.S. with having destroyed independent banks in the U. with having published false and misleading propaganda intended to deceive the American people. and – "Whereas I charge them. and – "Whereas I charge them. jointly and severally..S. in December. and – "Whereas I charge them. jointly and severally. jointly and severally.S. jointly and severally. or has adjourned. Navy and other branches of the national defense.S. papers. from a rich and powerful nation to one that is internationally poor. or other recommendations as it deems proper. by their theft and sale of the gold reserves of the U.S. and to prevent the people of the U.S. to requnce of such witnesses and the production of such books. and – "Whereas I charge them. they have been guilty of any high crime or misdemeanor which in the contemplation of the Constitution requires the interposition of the Constitutional powers of the House.S. with having robbed the U. with swindling the U. of having reduced the U. and documents." ******************************************************* Page 37 of 97."Whereas I charge them. to investigate the official conduct of the Fed agents to determine whether. and – "Whereas I charge them. "Resolve..S. Treasury and the people of the U. whether or not the House is sitting.S. and with having treasonable conspired to destroy constitutional Government in the U. with having conspired with their foreign principals and others to defraud the U. to take such testimony. and – "Whereas I charge them. jointly and severally.
This market has already bankrupted the Nation in the 1930's. New York. The first attack came in the form of two revolver shots fired at him from ambush as he was alighting from a cab in front of one of the Capital hotels. said Congressman McFadden. it became known among his intimates that he had suffered two attacks against his life. President Jackson replied: ''The Bank is trying to kill me – but I will kill it!" – Andrew Jackson. His life was only saved from what was subsequently announced as a poisoning by the presence of a physician friend at the banquet. who at once procured a stomach pump and subjected the Congressman to emergency treatment.After some discussion and upon the motion of Mr. Byrns.
AND HAS YET TO BE ACTED ON!!! "Attacks on McFadden's Life Reported"
Commenting on Former Congressman Louis T. the bullets burying themselves in the structure of the cab. After bankruptcy comes the Receivership. 1963. Fortunately both shots missed him. the resolution and charge was referred to the Committee on the Judiciary. after a "dose" of "intestinal flue. October 14." "Pelley's Weekly" of Oct. or DICTATORSHIP! "Freedom must be won anew each generation"
Page 38 of 97. it can be revealed that not long after his public utterance against the encroaching powers of Judah." /s/ Robert Edward Edmondson (Publicist-Economist). 3. "He became violently ill after partaking of food at a political banquet at Washington.
The Federal Reserve Bank of New York reports in June.
After a failed assassination attempt. 1961. McFadden’s "heart-failure. greatly expanded trade in their "acceptance" securities market. 14 says:
Now that this sterling American patriot has made the Passing. sudden-death" on Oct. 1936.
'' . . . the inability of the colonists to get the power to issue their own money permanently out of the hands of [King] George III and the international bankers was the PRIME reason for the Revolutionary War.'' – Benjamin Franklin. "Whoever controls the volume of currency in any country is absolute master of all industry and commerce." – President James A. Garfield. ''If our nation can issue a dollar bond [debt and interest bearing], it can issue a dollar bill [debt and interest free]. makes a bill good also. The element that makes the bond good
The difference between the bond and the bill is that
the bond lets money brokers collect twice the amount of the bond and an additional 20 percent, whereas the currency pays nobody but those who contribute directly in some useful way. It is absurd to say that our country Both are
can issue $30 million in bonds and not $30 million in currency.
promises to pay, but one promise fattens the usurers [bankers] and the other helps the people.'' – Thomas Alva Edison, Inventor / Entrepreneur / Philanthropist. "It is well enough that people of the nation do not understand our banking and monetary system, for if they did, I believe there would be a revolution before tomorrow morning." – Henry Ford, Founder of Ford Motor Company. '' By a continuing process of inflation, governments can confiscate, secretly and unobserved, an important part of the wealth of their citizens. Page 39 of 97. There is no
subtler, surer means of overturning the existing basis of society than to debauch the currency. The process engages all the hidden forces of economic
laws on the side of destruction, and does it in a manner which not one in a million is able to diagnose . . .'' – John Maynard Keynes, Economist, Minister of the British Treasury; Author of the book – ''The Economic Consequences Of Peace'' (1920). JOINT RESOLUTION TO SUSPEND THE GOLD STANDARD
AND ABROGATE THE GOLD CLAUSE, JUNE 5, 1933. H. J. Res. 192, 73rd Cong., 1st Sess. – ''Joint resolution to assure uniform value to the coins and currencies of the United States. ''Whereas the holding of or dealing in gold
affect the public interest, and therefore subject to proper regulation and restriction; and Whereas the existing emergency has disclosed that provisions of obligations which purport to give the obligee a right to require payment in gold or a particular kind of coin or currency of the United States, or in an amount of money of the United States measured thereby, obstruct the power of the Congress to regulate the value of money of the United States, and are inconsistent with the declared policy of the Congress to maintain at all times the equal power of every dollar, coined or issued by the United States, in the markets and in the payment of debts. Now, therefore, be it Resolved by the
Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That (a) every provision contained in or made with respect Page 40 of 97.
to any obligation which purports to give the obligee a right to require payment in gold or a particular kind of coin or currency, or in an amount in money of the United States measured thereby, is declared to be against public policy; and no such provision shall be contained in or made with respect to any obligation hereafter incurred. Every obligation, heretofore or hereafter
incurred, whether or not any such provision is contained therein or made with respect thereto, shall be 'discharged' upon payment, dollar for dollar, in any such coin or currency which at the time of payment is legal tender for public and private debts. Any such provision contained in any law authorizing obligations to be issued by or under authority of the United States, is hereby repealed, but the repeal of any such provision shall not invalidate any other provision or authority contained in such law. (b) As used in this resolution,
the term ''obligation'' means an obligation (including every obligation of and to the United States, excepting currency) payable in money of the United States; and the term ''coin'' or ''currency" means coin or currency of the United States, including Federal Reserve notes and circulating notes of Federal Reserve banks and national banking associations.'' SEC. 2. The last sentence
of paragraph (1) of subsection (b) of section 43 of the Act entitled "An Act to relieve the existing national economic emergency...", approved May 12, 1933, is amended to read as follows: ''All coins and currencies of the United States Page 41 of 97.
" wherein – "There is a distinction between 'a debt discharged ' and 'a debt paid. debts. the Supreme Court of Minnesota clarifies the legal distinction between the terms "discharged" and "paid. both public and private.
. every. 4:30 P. The fact that it carries something which may be a
consideration for a new promise to pay. for public and private. when below the standard weight and limit of tolerance provided by law for the single piece.' When discharged. shall be legal tender only at valuation in proportion to their actual weight. and. it is clear that as result of HJR . taxes. In the precedent
set at Stanek v White. something of the original vitality of the debt continues to exist. Though divested of its
character as a legal obligation during the operation of the discharge. 390. W. so as to make an otherwise worthless promise a legal obligation. Page 42 of 97. duties. except gold coins. public charges. charges.M. all. and dues. 784 (1923). moving forward from June 5th. shall be legal tender for all debts. Note that HJR .192 does not refer to 'payment' of debt. obligations.192. but
rather clearly states that 'any. taxes. makes it the subject of transfer by assignment. duties.' – ''shall be discharged''." Approved June 5.(including Federal reserve notes and circulating notes of Federal Reserve banks and national banking associations) hereunto and hereafter coined or issued. etc.. which may be transferred even though the transferee takes it subject to its disability incident to the discharge. 172 Minn. the debt still exists." Thus. 215 N. 1933.
and is still assumed today. The abrogation of the Constitution's gold standard. comes the authority and jurisdiction via governors' convention to pledge the sovereigns' labor. The former substance of our previous monetary system. as result of its plan for re-organization / restructuring under its Page 43 of 97. while our beloved Common-Law venue seems to languish as result.1933. the temporary / indefinite suspension of the ability for one to pay his debts. and this type of debt is perpetual. is now replaced with a system of Public National Credit / Public Trust.'' which is declared by the de facto Congress pursuant to a filing for bankruptcy and subsequent financial state of insolvency and receivership suffered by the corporate de facto UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT. seems to deprive our Common Law of any real substance and leave a consequential void so far as the de jure government is concerned. no one is able to pay a debt. as protected by the Constitution. and it seems the only public judicial venue is international maritime-admiralty law. i. Since the Americans living within the several states are
indeed "sovereign. whereby debt has become money (The Federal Reserve calls it "monetized debt").e. The only option one has is tender by transfer of debt. under the Common Law. property and surety as debtors to a privately owned corporation (Federal Reserve System)? Clearly this alleged ''authority'' and
''jurisdiction'' comes by way of the so-called ''public (corporate) policy. which was assumed." from where and from whom..
by way of the Fed's predatory lending practices known as ''usery. be coined. being recognized as sovereign.
." This exception is necessarily facilitated due to the fact that foreign countries. not excluding Page 44 of 97. while in reality this type of system can only exist when the sovereign is forced to extend his credit to the Public Trust. ''interest'' on ''debt'' and ''Mort-gage.. un-apportioned taxation on the sovereigns' labor is also in derogation to the Constitution).'' (a conjunctive noun / verb. the public policy adopted by Congress is purported to be a contractually-binding commercial agreement between the sovereign American Citizens. meaning: ''Death-grip'') whereby the sovereigns' labor is pledged (*NOTE – such direct. 1934. Latin. 'cannot' be held to the internal public policy of the corporate de facto UNITED STATES. including the Bible) i. and the Federal Reserve/Department of Treasury. and no gold coin shall after January 30. acting respectively as creditor / fiduciary in this scheme. who are summarily presumed by the Article-I courts to be franchisees/trusties/sureties. provided however.Chapter-Eleven filing in or about the year 1933. that coinage may continue to be executed by the mints of the United States for foreign countries. 1934.e.'' (which constitutes ''sin'' within virtually every holy text on Earth. whereby this system of public credit is falsely presented as being extended by way of the Federal Reserve Bank. be paid out or delivered by the United States.
31 USC 315 ( b ) provides that
– "No gold shall after January 30. Contrary to
which is subsequently used as investment collateral generating enormous returns held in account of private estate which is created via a document of live birth (the sovereigns' birth record) by the Department of Treasury. not excluding any and all subsidiaries thereof.. at which point the sovereign are then duped into registering their children (as a ''product of the water'').e.g. '' THE STATE OF GEORGIA.
. creating a trust which.'' and thus ''salvaged'' (pirated) under InternationalMaritime-Admiralty-Law by the foriegn corporation known as THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. whereby sovereigns' straw-man (the all-capital-letter name on the birth record) is declared ''lost at sea. i. or legal interest / ownership in the sovereigns' property (possession is only 9/10ths of the law). Additionally. by way of ''presumption of law.'' thereby creating a decedent by which to probate the estate. under the corporate / maritime (law of the water) jurisdiction of the de facto UNITED STATES. the sovereign people's Constitutionallyprotected rights and status are further circumvented due to their unwitting assumption of this fictitious ''straw-man'' identity and ''product-of-the-water'' status which is placed upon them at '' birth. with estate assets declared ''abandoned. and thus administrated to by the acting executor (executive) of the 'e-states'. the Page 45 of 97.'' with the STATE. thereby providing the STATE title (entitlement).'' etc.. the President of the Corporation–(UNITED STATES). including any other ''estate property.'' is presumed abandoned.'' therefore..such labor as is exerted during child birth. e.
so long as the sovereign people are forced to follow such public policy by way of coercion / black-mail – the Respondent calls it '' negotiation. Common / Constitutional Law (see Articles I.sovereign people are 're-venued' from Common-Law jurisdiction into being held as liable trusties / sureties under ''public policy.
.'' or '' incarceration'' – this thug-like mentality cannot be said to have set proper legal precedence. etc. ''contrary'' to the Constitution and thereby ''notwithstanding. Thus. under rule of public / corporate policy. and / or the Page 46 of 97.'' i. procedures. as most of these socalled ''laws'' are imposed without a valid claim made by a ''flesh-and-blood'' man / woman. whereby the charge (because it's really all commercial in nature) is fraudulently filed under false pretense. being ''charged'' at maritime with more than 60-million corporate codes.'' such does not void one's right to challenge the intent / interpretation / validity / Constitutional-muster of any code(s).. nor met an accord under the guidelines of the Uniform Commercial Code. and is.'' or '' plea bargain'' – and / or duress / strong-arm – the Respondent calls this ''enforcement. statutes. IV and VI of our Constitution for these de jure united states of America).. III. regulations. However. most all
of these charges are invalid when compared to ''the supreme Law of the Land. ''corporate policy.'' In addition to a lack of full
disclosure. therefore. statute(s). rules.e.'' i.e.'' and thus suffer the equivalent of public-debt-servants who are now. even though one may have succumb to the aforesaid ''public policy.
like thereof. Constitution ( the inferior ''courts'' ) and / or any other edict which may predicate its actions upon the erroneous / false presupposition of any such codes' or statutes' Constitutionality as applies to the flesh-and-blood American Citizen. It is presumed to be incorporated for the benefit of the public. A corporation is a creature of the State. and holds them subject to the laws of the State and the limitations of its charter. those who conduct corporate business in the 50 united states of America. See: Bouvier's Law Dictionary. that the statutes are unconstitutional? Absolutely not. Whereas such codes' / statutes' sole purpose is for protecting the rights / status of sovereign men and women from the actions of corporations.e. conscience.. It
receives certain special privileges and franchises. and lacks character. p. 17 / Article IV Sec. There is a class of persons in the 50 united states of America to whom these statutes apply without reservation. A corporation is the creation of the State. Page 47 of 97. and a soul. is it the contention of this sovereign Man that because the statutes contained in the union of States' Statutes do not apply to him. S. pertaining to / purportedly conferring thereupon the "compelled benefits of privilege" presumed by Article I Sec. 8 CI. and therefore can apply only to corporate-personhood. 3 CI. 2 of the U. morals. Its ''RIGHTS'' to act as a
corporation are only preserved to it while it obeys the laws of its creation. i.
. Members of this class include
corporations. 684. Thus. It (the corporation) is a ''person'' in the Its every
eyes of the law.
and NOT for control of the free. this Affiant does Page 48 of 97. Western Turf Assn. which protects the privileges and immunities of Citizens of the United States against being abridged or impaired by the law of a state. Bouvier's Law Dictionary states in pertinent part: The liberty guaranteed is that of a natural ''person'' and not of artificial ''persons''.
definition of Due Process of Law. S. sovereign-American Citizens' RIGHTS." See also 203 U. It is for this purpose. S. and this purpose ALONE.
AFFIDAVIT OF CORPORATE DENIAL AND NON-CORPORATE STATUS: Pursuant to FRCP 52.a corporation cannot be deemed a Citizen within the meaning of the clause of the Constitution of the United States..
It is imperative that a conscienceless entity not be allowed to freely roam the streets or highways in the 50 united states of America and thus jeopardize the sovereign individual.. 359. that the
statutes of the 50 states of America were enacted. and with knowledge of the fact that ''assumption'' and ''presumption'' may prevail unless rebutted or explicitly denied. v Greenberg. Corporations are absolutely bound by these statutes.activity must therefore be directed and supervised by the State. 204 U. 243. The statutes in the union of states are designed to direct the activities of the class of ''persons'' of which a corporation is a member. where it was said – ".
breathing. or the Government of the United States. applies in Civil actions. termed. Eads v Marks. ''person'' may be construed
according to several references. Point: The Federal Rules of Civil Procedure. Regarding: The word / term of art i. shape. No civil or criminal cause of action can arise lest there be a contract. sentient. thought of. 1621 Definitions – STATUTE: For the purposes of this subchapter. the Texas Court of appeals (5th Cir) has ruled in the finding of fact by the Court.
. incorporated. See
which is the same in all states as in the Federal Rules. fictional person. Under Rule 52. (a) The term ''person'' shall include an individual.e. with express and explicit claim and affirmation that Affiant is a self-aware. means. 249 P. whose Creator is Affiant’s Heavenly Father. corporation. nor. indivisible from the divine soul inherent of the Heavenly Creator. Affiant hereby makes express and explicit claim and affirmation to the living. legal fiction. in any way. form. as a corporate person. flesh-and-blood man. 260. 2d 257. and with the knowledge that all such entities are not living.'' nor any other form of corporation.e.. sentient men and women. i. There is always a presumption that a contract exists and that the responding party is a Corporation.''the failure of an adverse party to deny under oath the allegation that he is Page 49 of 97.herewith formally and unequivocally declare that Jon Henry:
Doe is in no way
to be construed. not excluding 22 USC Sec. nor. Rule 52. nor. and is not a goverernmentally-created ''person of inherence or incidence. that -. partnership.
such fact was established.Corporation existence is presumed unless affidavit of denial is filed before trial. regarding: "The failure of an adverse party to deny under oath the allegation that he is incorporated [is construed as corporate silence and acquiescence. Point: Affiant makes it perfectly clear that Affiant is an adverse party denying under oath the allegation that Affiant is incorporated. See Van Wart v Cook. Pepper Co.2d 464.
. a presumption becomes a finding of fact by the court unless rebutted before trial.-Waco 1981. In the
Commercial Law of all States. must find the existence of the fact presumed per FRCP 52." Galleria Bank v Southwest Properties. 498 Southwest 2nd.incorporated dispenses with the necessity of proof of the fact. no Writ) ''Plaintiff plead defendant was a corporation. 557 P. v Crow. Statutory or judicial. 2d 1161. thus. Defendant did not deny by
verified pleading pursuant to [TRCP] 52 and 83… that it was not a corporation.W. by which the finding of a basic fact gives rise to the existence of presumed fact until presumption is rebutted. Arizona Revised Statutes: Title 47 Section 1201 (31) Page 50 of 97. Point: Dr. a presumption means that the trier of fact (the judge / administrator). 429 -. thus becomeing fact and part of the official record]. 465 (Tex App. Point: A presumption is a rule of Law. 621 S.'' Point: Louisiana Revised Statutes Art. unless and until the evidence is introduced which would support a finding of its non-existence.'' Thus.
Thus. ''JON HENRY DOE. 47)) Henceforth. is but a derivative of Affiant's legal name. therefore: ''A derivative of a name is not the legal name. v Becker.'' Point: When a duty or obligation is levied by a governmental agency for a fine. alleged contract. the name of which. ''re-venue'' for the collection of a ''tax'' is required to have been lodged against a Corporation. Affiant does hereby
and herewith formally affirm and depose that Affiant rebuts any and all presumption / assumption that Affiant is. Page 51 of 97. they are imposed only on Corporations. 100 (1975). any Corporation named.''…a presumption imposes on the party against whom it is directed the burden of proof [see 556 (d)] of going forward with evidence to rebut or meet the presumption. and/or ever was. See West
.e. Point: Federal Rules of Evidence. i.301 Agreement by Acquiescence Rule 301 of the Federal Rules of Evidence states -.'' (see Monroe Cattle Co. fee or tax. Thus.'' in the certified title and/or any alleged contract.. 147 U. all of which are revenue. in this case. 421 U. and any complaint. S. S. R. V Triangle. the Affidavit of Non Corporate Status is for the purpose of rebutting any presumption that Affiant is any Corporation named in the certified title.''Presumption" or "presumed" means that the trier of fact must find the existence of the fact presumed unless and until evidence is introduced which would support a finding of its nonexistence. Point: If Affiant is not a Corporation he cannot appear and plead. See Colonial Pipe Line Co.
Point: When brought into Court by its Corporate name. (see Kelly v Railroad Co. the
Supreme Court did not grant corporate-personhood to any State of the Union or Federal Government. its existence as a Corporation is admitted. Foster v White Cloud. 581. 282. Stevenson v Thorn. & W. 43 Md. 2 Colo. 20 Wall. Louis Bagging & Rope Co. C. 32. C. 1. 20 Conn. he may plead in abatement in his own name that the Corporation is extinct.. (see Mud Creek Drain Co. Hobich v Folger. v Taylor. Railroad Co.. V State. It has been held that
where the representative of a railroad corporation is served with process. Ewing v Robeson. by plea.C. Greenwood v Railroad Co.
W. 15 Ind. deny that he / she sustains any such relation to the Corporation that authorizes the service of process on him / her. 73 Ind. 581) In 1886.. 655. 141. 2 Flip C. 107) Also. 2 Flip C. 26. 8 S. 507.. 447. 157.
compare the foregoing cases to Ware v St. Etc. Point: Stating only conclusion without facts is insufficient. 54 Iowa 490. 32 Mo.. 13 Mees &
Quarrier v Peabody Co.Union Tel.E. 47 Ala. Church. 516. v Eyser. Johnson v Gibson. 43 Ind. 516. 505. 11 Ohio St. (see Santa Clara County v Southern Pacific Page 52 of 97. Evarts v Killingworth Co.. 11 Ohio St. and that this doctrine derives from a mistaken interpretation of a Supreme Court reporter’s notes. 667. (see Kelly v Railroad Co. Boyce v M. Folsom v Star Union Etc. 123 Mass. 359.
. Va. Co. Ins. 12 Mees. 149) Where the person is so served. Fright Line.
Stewart v Dunn. Co. 10 W. he may.. Callender v Plainsville Co. Callender v
[However. recorded by the court recorder.'' was not a formal ruling of the court. As railroad attorney Sanderson and his two colleagues watched. and written by J.
. held that corporations were ''persons'' instead of ''artificial persons. Chief Justice Morrison Remick Waite told Delmas and his two colleagues. We are of the opinion that it does. Volume 118 of United States Reports: Cases adjudged in the Supreme Court at October Term 1885 and October Terms 1886. that: ''The court does not wish to hear argument on the question whether the provision in the Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution.] This written statement. breathing sentient beings. which forbids a state to deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws. published in New York in 1886 by Banks & Brothers Publishers. Bancroft Davis. 118 U. state or federal. C.Railroad Company.'' with an equal footing under the Bill of Rights as ''humans. but was reportedly a simple statement by its Chief Justice. 394 (1886)) Point: No laws have been passed by Congress granting that corporations should be treated the same under the Constitution as living. Supreme Court’s Reporter. S." See Vermont Supreme Court
building. Page 53 of 97. No court decisions. applies to these corporations. that corporations were ''persons'' rather than ''artificial persons.'' The Supreme Court did not rule in Santa Clara County v Southern Pacific Railroad Company on the issue of corporate personhood. the attorneys for the opposing party.
S.'' Wilson v Omaha Tribe. and statutes employing the word are ordinarily construed to exclude it. S. 442 U. statutes employing the terms ''person'' and ''corporation'' are ordinarily construed to exclude the sovereign man or woman. S. S.'' ''Consumer. . 48 U. 653. 12 Led 581: ''…The government are but trustees acting under derived authority [of the sovereign American People of Posterity] and have no power to delegate what is not delegated to them. 330 U.'' ''Corporation.'' U. as the original fountain. S..'' Point: Affiant is not: a U. S.'' as such are ''terms of art. 600.'' nor ''citizen subject to U. ''Person.Point: Here is the often expressed understanding from the United States Supreme Court that: '' . might take away what they have delegated and in trust to whom they please. 667 (1979): ''In common usage. Point: U. Supreme Court in Luther v Borden. the term ''person'' does not include the sovereign. But the people. S. 442 U. Supreme Court in See also United States v Mine
Wilson v Omaha Indian Tribe. 312 U. 275 (1947). . 1. 653. the United States Page 54 of 97. jurisdiction. in common usage. Workers. 258.'' ''Individual. S. 604 (1941)). S. … The sovereignty in every state resides in the people of the state and they may alter and change their form of government at their own pleasure.'' nor is Affiant a corporation created under the laws of any State of the Union of States.'' ''Resident.'' nor ''citizen of the United States.
. 667 (1979) (therein quoting United States v Cooper Corp.
'' ''property of. . 17 of the Constitution. C. commonwealth.'' ''subject of. resident inhabitant or domiciled in any corporation. nor any possession of the United States. nor any foreign state or country.
. 17 and Art.'' ''ward of. Sec. Sec. IV.'' ''corporate COUNTY. an officer. Sec.'' the State of the Forum of any ''UNITED STATES. Affiant is not a subject
nor ward of the Administrative and Legislative Article-I Courts. and Affiant is not subjected to any legislation created by or under the jurisdiction of any officers. Code.'' D. CI. the District of Columbia.'' ''franchisee of. 3 CI. Point: Affiant is not: a ''resident of. Title 11 at p.'' nor. 8. corporate.'' Point: Affiant hereby and herewith revokes and cancels ab initio all of Affiant's Page 55 of 97. CI.'' ''inhabitant of.'' as ''Legislation enacted by Congress applicable to the inferior courts in the exercise of the power under Article III of the Constitution cannot be affected by legislation enacted by Congress under Art. I. franchise or fiduciary agent. enclave. Furthermore.'' ''corporate CITY. . nor any territory. I. agent. public or private. surety. 13 defines this as '' . shareholder. de facto ''UNITED STATES. agents or employees deriving their authority thereof.Government.'' nor municipal body politic created under the primary authority of Art.'' ''chattel of. 8. nor bound by precedents of such courts created by the congress of the hypothicated.'' ''corporate STATE. ''subject to the jurisdiction of. 2 of the Constitution for the United States of America.
2. and/or without Affiant's consent.
. colorable.. 2 of the Constitution for the United States. 17 and Art. Sec. that Affiant is. but not limited by. or ever has been. United States Code. any and all multi-jurisdictional. CI. instrumentality or enclave under the sovereignty or exclusive jurisdiction of the United States. Affiant also revokes. as defined in the Constitution for the United States of America in Art. e. nor a vessel numbered as provided in Chapter 123 of said Title. on the grounds of constructive fraud. non-disclosure. Sec. Point: Affiant hereby cancels any presumed election made by the United States Government or any agency or department thereof. signed by anyone other than Affiant. Sec. Sec. 8. 17 and Article IV. 3. Affiant has no record nor evidence that Affiant does not cancel any presumption and assumption that Affiant ever voluntarily elected to be treated as such a citizen. CI. quasi. resident or Page 56 of 97. IV. CI. 8 CI. municipalities or corporations.signatures on any and all forms which may be construed to give the Federal Government or any other State agency or department of the United States Government created under the authority of Article I. 3. possession. Point: Affiant is not a vessel documented under Chapter 121 of Title 46. insomuch as said power of attorney may pertain to Affiant by way of. authority or jurisdiction over Affiant. I. in presumption and otherwise. etc. rescinds and makes void ab initio all powers of attorney in fact.g. public government entities. a citizen. alien citizen or resident of any territory. equitable consideration.
'' Affiant is domiciled as a living soul. any territory. but rather to Page 57 of 97. Outlying Islands. Lawrenceville. United States Minor. commonwealth or possession of the United States.. Point: Affiant is not an enemy to any state of the Union of States. residing within the state of mind.corporate entity / fiction. nor to that of the United States. [30046-9998] Non-Domestic to U.
. Gwam. Puerto Rico. Near. Point: In addition to being Affiant's property (see attached copyright notice with affidavit of publication attached). necessary and sufficient identification evidencing Affiant’s neutral standing (15 USC 1681 (h)). Point: This Affidavit is not written for the purpose of debating the Constitutionality nor legality of the Communications Act of 1934. such as the District of Columbia. Nation Georgia-Republic. The Christian Appellation that Affiant answers to is Jon Henry: of the Doe Family. although not affiliated with the ''Corporate Body Politic'' near the same location. or any foreign country. Estate. Executor Office. (see notarized. nor to the United States Government. both public and private. e. Affiant has no ''last name. certified declaration to the Lawrenceville Postmaster). state or corporation created under the laws of the United States Government.g. Affiant's postal mailing location. Doe Province. and is determined as complete. is particularly unique to this Affiant. General Post-Office. S. Affiant's postal mailing location is known as: JON HENRY DOE. enclave. Affiant's name is unique and is not given to any other.
C. None of these facts have been
found to be ''frivolous'' by any court.'' via 28 USC 1333 or 1337. under Commercial Law. shall not prejudice the lawful validity of all other statements or claims not properly rebutted or invalidated by facts of law.'' and will be litigated as such in the foreign jurisdiction where offenders. Bills of Lading Act. and Federal Tort Claims Act. False Claims Act (see 31 U.S. will be construed as ''defamation of character. Affiant is not a pirate. Point: Any statements or claims in this Affidavit must be properly rebutted by facts of law or overriding Article-III Supreme Court rulings. terrorist nor an enemy to any public or private corporation. Any and all of the facts and laws presented herein are not contrary to the Communications Act of 1934. § 3729 (a) (7)). if so accomplished. must be rebutted with ''case law'' or acquiesced to. and. domestic or foreign. present or future reference to Affiant as such a threat. An Affidavit of Truth. and are affirmed facts that. neutral body. Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act. Any past. can only be satisfied by way of ( i ) rebuttal Page 58 of 97. oppressors and all Libellees will have no immunity ''within the Admiralty.
. under Commercial Law. The Public Vessel Act. nor court decisions applicable to Affiant.establish facts exposing the United States Government’s lack of jurisdiction over Affiant. made by any agency or its officer(s). Many
facts contained herein are based upon ruling case law and un-overruled decisions of the Supreme Court of the United States. but is a non-combatant.
the perception is that the Respondent presumes this so-called "birth" is the ''berth'' of a ''sole'' (instead of ''soul'') ''corporation'' (''corpus'' Latin. to which Affiant. abuse and perversion of words by way of transforming them into ''terms of art'' in order to change their meaning. misuse. under protection of his freedom from religious persecution. point for point.Affidavit of Truth. e. BERTH. Webster's 1828 Dictionary defines the word ''birth'' as follows: ''BIRTH.]'' The words
"birth. [See Berth. regulations and proceedures of an Article-III. page 132. also defines it as – '' berth n. common-law-bound court. . This is all clearly carried out by way of Atheistic / Luciferian doctrine. Page 59 of 97. A station in which a ship rides." When you look up the word "berth.'' ''berth'' and "born" all come from the same etymological root. office. etc.g. job. place." you find that most every definition has to do with ships. copyright 1988.. So our "berth-day" is the day we were given a
place within the maritime / admiralty jurisdiction as a so-called ''vessel'' of the State. holding the "office'' of ''person. ( ii ) payment.
..4) a position.'' whose ''job. n. Point: The following exemplifies the use. Webster's New World Dictionary of the English Language – Third College Edition.'' Therefore. emphatically does NOT subscribe nor submit. ( iv ) and / or. Meaning: ''body'' ).'' ''place'' or ''position'' it is to perform their ''duties'' and ''obligations'' as dictated by the Respondent. n. resolution by a jury under the rules. ( iii ) agreement. meaning "to bear..
So I ask. the court system. Whereas I inform the Respondent. the bureaucrat. and celebrates his day of Nativity as such. Point: For reasons explicitly defined within these Points addressing the foregoing '' terms of art. and 2 Chronicles 9:13. In both cases a man lost his head. have no birthday. the nice policeman. 1 Kings 10:14
''Now the weight of gold that came to Solomon in one
year was six hundred threescore and six talents of gold''.'' but rather.''
hereby reiterating this declaration by way of the tenet – " No man can be compelled to incriminate himself. Affiant does hereby
and herewith formally waive benefit of privilege. Affiant did have a '' Nativity '' upon the Land. Jon Henry: Doe." Therefore under protest. a Sole Corporation has a date of Birth / Berth. John the Baptist was beheaded. and all other parties that may inquire – ''I.'' Affiant heretofore denies having. and at Herod's ''birth-day party'' in the Gospels. and that the 666 talents of gold mentioned therein did not include all that was wrought by merchant means. At Pharaoh’s ''birth-day party'' in Genesis.
.There are only two (possibly three) ''birth-days'' mentioned in the Scripture. and does not grant Respondent Page 60 of 97. a ''birthday. or ever having had. Point: A Living Soul has a date of Nativity. why should a ''Christian Nation'' elect to Note that the possible third ''birth-day''
celebrate such so-called "Berth"-days?
was mentioned in the Holy Writ. the baker was hung. the ''de facto'' government.
activity' means either a regular course of commercial conduct or a particular commercial transaction or act.consent to jurisdiction. and (2) which is an organ of a foreign state or political subdivision thereof. continental or (d) A 'commercial
insular. as is clearly enunciated throughout the entire body of this Affidavit. and (3) which is neither a citizen of a State of the United States as defined in section 1332 (c) and (d) of this title. trusts. except as used in section 1608 of this title. includes a political subdivision of a foreign state or an agency or instrumentality of a foreign state as defined in subsection (b). nor to any of Respondent's contracts. nor created under the laws of any third country. (e) A 'commercial
. rather than by reference to its purpose. Page 61 of 97. (c) The 'United States' includes all territory and waters. (b) An 'agency or instrumentality of a foreign state' means any entity – (1) which is a separate legal person. subject to the jurisdiction of the United States. The Foriegn Sovereign Immunities Act of 1976 (FSIA): Title 28 Section 1603 states – ''For purposes of this chapter – (a) A 'foreign state'. corporate or otherwise. or a majority of whose shares or other ownership interest is owned by a foreign state or political subdivision thereof. practices and presumptions. The commercial character of an activity shall
be determined by reference to the nature of the course of conduct or particular transaction or act.
one must be – ''. the definition of a foreign state does not include the state itself. Section 1603 (a) says that a foreign state includes a
political subdivision.'' Now. but only a political subdivision. or an agency or instrumentality thereof. no less – lest there be constitutional confusion. Section 1603 (b) defines what constitutes a political
subdivision and an agency or instrumentality of a foreign state with relation to the FSIA. an organ of a foreign state or
political subdivision thereof. corporate or otherwise.'' with an ''organ'' being defined as: ''of or having to do with an organ. under strict construction of the statute. constitutional.. systematically arranged.'' such as that which. .activity carried on in the United States by a foreign state' means commercial activity carried on by such state and having substantial contact with the United States.'' i.
Here. . they mean exactly what they say. organized. or a majority of whose shares or other ownership interest is owned by a foreign state or political subdivision thereof. It says that ''An 'agency or instrumentality of a foreign state' means
any entity – which is a separate legal person.
. by way of Affiant's definite and numerous declarations. or an agency or instrumentality of a foreign state. clearly defines Affiant's status. inborn. as the Page 62 of 97. – no more. let's break down what a foreign state is in relation to the FSIA.e. Therefore. in law. one must understand that the statutes are subject to ''strict construction. inherent. Next. fundamental.
clearly defines Affiant's status is an ''organ'' of such.'' – since Affiant is neither a citizen of a State of the United States as defined above. by way of Affiant's definite and numerous declarations. diplomatic immunity from / to the Respondent. which became effective January 19th.organic law of the United States is the Constitution'' – such as that which.
Therefore. as defined in 1332 (c) and (d) of Title 28. – which declares: '' Subject to existing international agreements to which the United States is a party at the time of enactment of this Act. a foreign state shall be immune from the jurisdiction of the courts of the United States and of the States except as provided in sections 1605 to 1607 of this chapter. the District of Columbia and the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico. 1977 by providing a statutory remedy equal to that of an Article-III remedy. Affiant does hereby formally declare that – Page 63 of 97. Last. pursuant to Title 28 Section 1604. Subsequently. heretofore ratifys Affiant's definite and numerous declarations affirming Affiant's status is that which enjoys sovereign. The Foriegn Sovereign Immunities Act of 1976. strict construction applies.
. nor a citizen of a state formed under the laws of any third country. When we look at Section 1332. Once again. it says that you must be neither a citizen of
a State of the United States. nor created under the laws of any third country. it defines ''a State of the United States'' as the Territories.
Though not specifically alleged. 100 S. Affiant does herewith demand that he forthwith receive redress in such matters.'' (Hagans v Lavine.the Respondent's corporate-commercial acts are ultra vires and injurious by willful and gross negligence. thus incurring liability as the respondent superior upon those unlimited to any and all federal. 415 U. 445 U. *** The following case law herein cited represents affirmation for Affiant's clear declaration that unequivocal proof of Respondent's jurisdiction is required: "Jurisdiction. defendant's challenge to subject matter jurisdiction implicitly raised claim that default judgment against him was void and relief should be granted under Rule (60) (b) (4)." (Hagans v Lavine. it being readily apparent that Affiant does not grant Respondent consent to jurisdiction. 415 U." (Maine v Thiboutot.
proof of jurisdiction to appear on the record of the administrative agency and all administrative proceedings. (Honneus v Donovan.D. 250). 622). 533). S. Ct. 93 F. 533).
.'' (Owens v CITY OF INDEPENDENCE. ''The mere good-faith assertions of power
and authority [jurisdiction] have been abolished. cannot be assumed and must be decided.R. S. state and local municipalities. 436-37 Page 64 of 97. 433. once challenged. and/or corporate agencies. ''Once jurisdiction is challenged it must be "The law requires
proven by the plaintiff. Whereas. S. and/or persons thereof involved directly and/or indirectly with the Respondent via any and every nexus acting therewith.
Lambert. 102 F. "There is no discretion to ignore lack of jurisdiction. 691 F.. 2d 1026). 368 (Fla 2nd DCA 1985)). "Once jurisdiction is challenged. 150)." (Hill Top Developers v Holiday Pines Service Corp. 540 12 L. 8 HOW. Supp.." (Rosemond v Page 65 of 97. 505 F." (Stuck v Medical Examiners. "Once challenged. 37 F." (WILLIAMSON v BERRY. If they act beyond that authority. Ct. it must be proven. S. Chicago v New York. 495 F.
subject matter may be raised at any time. 2d 906. they are not voidable. "The burden shifts to the court to prove jurisdiction. the court has no authority to reach merits. 474 2D 215). jurisdiction cannot be assumed. but simply void." (Lantana v Hopper." (100 S. 94 Ca 2d 751.(1982) affd. 2d 416)
. 2d. and certainly in
contravention of it. 469 F.Ed. 945. 478 So. 1189 (1850)). it must
be proved to exist. all jurisdiction facts related to the jurisdiction asserted. 211 P2d 389). 2d 188. 1170." (Basso v Utah Power & "Defense of lack of jurisdiction over the
Light Co..2d 1 (1st Cir. 1982)). the court cannot proceed when it clearly appears that the court lacks jurisdiction. 2502 (1980)). even on appeal. "Jurisdiction can be challenged at any time. "Court must prove.
"The law provides that once State and
Federal Jurisdiction has been challenged." (Joyce v U.." (Melo v U. their judgments and orders are regarded as nullities. but rather should dismiss the action. on the record. and this even prior to reversal. "Courts are constituted by authority and they cannot go beyond that power delegated to them. S.
his claim is not precluded by any of the provisions of Rule Because his claim is not barred. and is unrefuted
by the State. 834. 1284 (Ala.2. 831 So. App.
. 581 So. 917 So. Crim. 644 (Ala. See
Bates v State. see Stancle v
State. Court must treat all unrefuted allegations as true. App. Procedure. 2d 641. App. they must be accepted as true. Ala. May 25. is sufficiently pleaded. 271 Ill. 1991). and his factual allegations [as expressed by way of Affidavit] were unrefuted by the State.6 (b). 2001) (''Once a petitioner has met his burden of pleading so as to avoid summary disposition pursuant to Rule 32. 4th DCA 2005) (''When no evidentiary hearing is Page 66 of 97. 1992) (''When the State does not respond to a petitioner's allegations. In addition.The following citations are case law which requires that an UN-rebutted Affidavit be accepted as truth: In Poole v State of Alabama. 2d 317 (1995) (unrefuted facts accepted as true for purposes of appeal). Poole's claim is sufficiently pleaded to satisfy the pleading requirements in Rule 32. We accept them as true. therefore. 32. 620 So. [Circuit Court] CR-05-1846.'') facts. 2007. See Ford v State.3 and Rule 32. App. Plaintiff refutes none of these
See Carlile v Snap-On-Tools. he is then entitled to an opportunity to present evidence in order to satisfy his burden of proof.''). Crim. Rule Crim. the unrefuted statement of facts must be taken as true.7 (d). quoting Smith v State.E. 3D
833. Crim. 746 (Ala. 2d 911 (Fla. 2d 745. Poole is entitled to an opportunity to prove his claim. 648 N. 2d 1283.
The trial court granted RMC's motion for summary judgment. leaving no issue of fact. 2d DCA 2004)..
.. shall be bound by Oath or Affirmation. 2d 116) *** Article VI of the Constitution for the United States of America says: ''This Constitution. both of the United States and of the several States. and all Treaties made. The 13th Article of Amendment to the Constitution for these United States of America declares – Page 67 of 97.. under the Authority of the United States. and the Judges in every State shall be bound thereby. 892 So. '' (See Case No. 675 F. Sixth Circuit. any Thing in the Constitution or Laws of any State to the contrary notwithstanding.. all executive and judicial Officers. the appellant has alleged a facially sufficient claim for relief which is not refuted by the record. and the Laws of the United States which shall be made in Pursuance thereof.'') See Thurman v State. 2-10-0180..held [on a motion for post-conviction relief]. Gassner v Raynor Manufacturing Company. 2d 1085 (Fla. a movant's allegations are accepted as true unless they are conclusively refuted by the record. to support this Constitution''. while Gassner did not offer any evidence to the contrary. United States Court of Appeals. or which shall be made.. the court concluded that – ''[RMC's] evidence goes unrefuted and must be accepted as true... Based
on this. The court noted that the affidavit was evidence. shall be the supreme Law of the Land.
of any officers of this government which denies. Book 1.§207. restricts. pg. and (2) which is an organ of a foreign state or a majority of whose shares or other ownership interest is owned by a foreign state or political subdivision thereof. or decision. is hereby declared inconsistent with the fundamental principles of this government.. Be it enacted by the Senate and the House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled.
§ 1. 223. and the pursuit of happiness. instruction. shall exist within the United States... indispensable to the enjoyment of the rights of life. and (3) which is neither a citizen of a State of the United States nor created under the laws of any third country. liberty. opinion. order.''Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude. That any declaration.'' (See: Chuidian v Philippine National Bank) Uniform Commercial Code. or any place subject to their jurisdiction. enacted by Congress July 27th.. (b) An 'agency or instrumentality of a foreign state' means any entity – (1) which is a separate legal person corporate or otherwise. ¶ 249. impairs.'' 15 Statutes at Large. includes a political subdivision of a foreign state or an agency or instrumentality of a foreign state as defined in. 1868 – An Act concerning the Rights of American Citizens in foreign States: ''Whereas the right of expatriation is a natural and inherent right of all people.. §308 – Performance or Acceptance Page 68 of 97.'' The Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act of 1976 provides that – ''a foreign state.. or questions the right of expatriation.
'' and the People who created these ''Free and Independent States'' would likewise. however.'' The ''Articles of Confederation." The 13 Colonies
declared themselves to be ''Free and Independent States. The following facts are void of historical revision. in order to know and understand the truth about our rights and status. have been Page 69 of 97.'' agreed to in 1777 and ratified in 1781. and all will be supported by unquestionable evidence.'' sovereign American Citizenship: The following facts are presented as historically correct proof. created the ''Union of the States. 1776. Nothing in this evaluation is intended to be
disrespectful or degrading (and certainly not racist) toward any group of people. The united states of America actually came into being on July 4th.'' and delegated a portion of their sovereignty to this new Confederacy or Union. one must first understand how we got into the position that we currently occupy. Such words as "without prejudice." or the like are sufficient.Under Reservation of Rights: (1) ''A party who with explicit reservation of rights performs or promises performance or assents to performance in a manner demanded or offered by the other party does not thereby prejudice the rights reserved. of necessity." "under protest.
. (2) Subsection (1) does not apply to an accord and satisfaction. with the signing of the ''Declaration of Independence. This confederation declared in Article I: ''The Stile of this Confederacy shall be the United States of America.
New Hampshire. Massachusetts Bay. viz. and for himself.
. Rhode Island and Providence Plantations. and territorial rights of the same and every part thereof. Maryland. that he treats with them as such. New York. In order to create a
more perfect Union.. King George III of England. South Carolina and Georgia. relinquishes all claims to the government. the people of ''the United States of America'' ordained and Page 70 of 97. and successors. Pennsylvania.free and independent themselves. The British Crown. Connecticut. propriety.'' were sovereigns of equal power with the king. which had previously claimed the right of sovereignty over the 13 Colonies and its people. otherwise they would not have had the authority to enter into such an agreement and to have created a free and independent state. Under the terms of their
government [the Articles of Confederation. wherein the following quote from that document enunciates: ''His Britannic Majesty acknowledges the said United States. that ''sovereignty'' was extended from ''the people'' of those colonies / states. recognized the independence and freedom of these states and the People thereof with the ''Treaty of Paris'' in 1783. North Carolina. and later the Constitution for the united states of America]. a/k/a ''The United States of America. that the thirteen colonies / states of the American Union. to be free sovereign and independent states. his heirs. New Jersey. Virginia. meaning ''the people'' were the sovereigns.'' This passage represents an acknowledgment from
the most powerful earthly sovereign of that time.
today. these people were rebelling
thirteen Colonies actually own everything.'' In other words. we can see how the individual state Citizens of the Remember. it signifies the state. of its form of government. a government by representatives chosen by the people. a government of the people. and in which the People own and control everything. believe that
government officials truly adhere to the meaning of ''public servant?'' Understanding the true meaning of Republic. creating a Union government and delegating additional portion of its sovereignty to this united states government. guarantees to every state in this Union a Republican form of Government. we must first understand what a Republic is. independently It further defines ''Republican government'' as.established a constitutional contract (to include the 13 states) for a united states form of government. and the government serves at the convenience and by the permission of the People that it governs. that form of government in which the administration of affairs is open to all of the citizens. Hence the term ''public servant'' is used How many people.
Page 71 of 97. To understand the true nature of the overall agreement to join the states together in a Union.'' In another sense.'' in Article IV Section 4. Black's Law Dictionary (hereinafter ''Black's'') defines ''Republic'' as:
''A commonwealth. This contract. known as ''The Constitution. when referring to the government official. a republic is a government
of which ''the people'' are the source and origin. ''A
government in the republican form.
or state in which independent and supreme authority is vested. He delegates to his colony (or hereinafter also ''state'') the jurisdiction and power to perform certain functions' all common law in nature.. Black’s
defines ''sovereign'' as. The state Citizen owns everything.from a repressive government in which the King owned everything. we can now further understand how America is formed. i.e. ''A person. real power for himself and his posterity.'' and that is exactly what they did.'' a position always held by the King. body. So.
. a chief ruler with supreme power. and those things were vested in the ''sovereignty. he creates a system whereby limited jurisdiction over him Page 72 of 97.'' It is the main intent of these first Americans to keep for themselves
and their posterity the things which had previously belonged to the King. certain laws will have to be passed and maintained for the protection of the individual rights of the free inhabitants. state Citizens. and their main intent was to become the ''sovereign. while he maintaines the bulk of the power for himself. Understanding what a Republic and a state Citizen is. very limited areas. He realizes that in order to live
in a society with other people. and where the real power is bestowed. At the same time. and he intends to keep it that way. He keeps most of the
He basically delegates to the state the
jurisdiction to administer over him in a few. he has no intention of giving up his own personal freedoms. a king or other ruler in a monarchy.
.'' Black’s defines ''jurisdiction'' as. The de jure state Citizen is the ''sovereign. control over both subject matter and the parties is necessary.'' All public property and all power and authority belongs to and are owned by him. ''A term of comprehensive import embracing every kind of judicial action… It is the power of the court to decide a matter in controversy and presupposes the existence of a duly constituted court with control over the subject matter and the parties…'' In other words. for jurisdiction to be claimed. Jurisdiction is key to understanding the sovereign
American Citizens' rights / status in contrast to the duties and obligations now placed upon them by the government or ''public trust'' now acting as the de facto government.could be attained only if he first breakes laws that are duly established under the ''Common Law. One must remember that all power in our Republic is passed from
the sovereign People to the state. So the question that needs to be answered is – ''How did the
federal and state governments get the virtually unquestioned power over all of the people who now consider themselves to be 'citizens of the United States' ?'' To fully
understand the position that most American Citizens are currently in. the power that is currently assumed by the government over almost every phase of our lives was never given to the government over the American Citizen.'' Thus. He passed on a very small portion of that power to the state so that society as a Page 73 of 97. one must also understand the meaning of ''jurisdiction.
as the original state Citizens became the original American Citizens upon the forming of the Union.
state certain limited powers and limited jurisdiction. we can easily understand how our First.
. his new employee could not carry out his mandate in the face of challenge. treaties and contracts as were necessary to the Page 74 of 97. the sovereign state Citizen must always maintain more power than anyone who acts under his authority. The state receives all of its power and authority from the sovereign state Citizen. Following the foregoing principals. Also. because in so doing you would negate any portion of that which you gave away. it must remain secondary in power to that of state Citizen. and even if the Owner gave him full authority over all operations within the company. as there would be no power left to enforce the action taken by you.
However. it is impossible to give away all of your
power. because if he could not support his hiring with power. and form the sovereign American People of Posterity as they exist today. be aware that the terms ''state Citizen'' and ''American Citizen'' are synonymous. also known as ''the sovereign American People.'' and the posterity of those Citizens make up the American Citizenry. Within those powers was the ability to make and enforce laws. the state Citizen bestowed upon the
forefathers established this government. Think of a company in which the Owner hired an assistant.whole could be protected. the Owner would still maintain more power than his new employee. therefore. Therefore.
The power and authority delegated to the U. and to provide for the common defense. a separate city-state a/k/a the ''District of Columbia. known also as the several States of the Union.welfare of the society. so they set aside 10 square miles of land. so long as the subject matter was that for which its jurisdiction was given. ''The United States Government'' had
conditions and terms defining authority and limitation delegated upon it by the independent States in 1789. and it had no sovereign authority other than that which was delegated by these independent sovereign States. the state Citizens realized. Eight years after its formation. every power given to the United States is clearly defined. However. S. through a document known as ''The Constitution for the United States of America'' (hereinafter ''Constitution''). After just having come out from under a totalitarian government. that some form of ''federal government'' would have to be established to oversee an expanded judiciary affording settlement in controversies arising between the states. and the limitations are exact. The Constitution has been held to Page 75 of 97. defined and limited by way of the aforementioned Constitution.
. Within the Articles of Confederation and the Constitution.'' to serve as ''the seat of federal government. they were all sure that they did not
want this new ''monster'' in their own state. government was clearly delineated.'' This government was delegated its authority from the sovereign independent states. as distasteful as it was to them.
and the United States government.. The wording of the Constitution leaves no room for misunderstanding. and they continually bow to the presumed authority of the UNITED STATES. For example. and that is guaranteed in the Constitution. it states. Since this new government was granted its authority from the several States.'' From this Article. ''The United States shall guarantee to every State in this Union a Republican Form of Government. or to the people. The contract is actually between the States. at Article IV.
. Supreme Court.
Section 4.. ''The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution. it is clear that each State Since the word ''Republic'' means
is a Republic even after the Union was formed.'' Remember. are reserved to the States respectively. the Constitution is in full effect today
as always since its inception. our States (STATES) clearly take their orders from the United States (UNITED STATES). S. it states. So how did this ''supremacy'' of
federal government happen? We will now look at exactly what happened in the Page 76 of 97. this United States government could not be more powerful than the several States. nor prohibited by it to the States. Yet today.be both a contract and ''the supreme Law of the Land'' by the U.
a government ''of and for the people'' in which everything is owned and controlled by the People. it becomes clear that the People are superior to that government. In Article X of the Amendments (The Bill
of Rights). and it is totally binding and all-powerful. on behalf of the state Citizens.
As you can see from this chart.
First.framing of this country's government.state Citizen. United States – Limited power delegated by States. all power flows first from the Creator and then from the sovereign state Citizen. Derives its power directly from the sovereign . Derives its power from the several States. the party with all the power (the
sovereign . sovereign . This chart can also be used to understand the rights and status protected by the Constitution.
. State – Second with limited power delegated by the Citizen. while reserving and guaranteeing massive Rights for the state Citizens.Derives his power from the Creator . Then the State passed on a portion of its power to the United States government.state Citizen) passed on a portion of his power to the state. The jurisdiction that the States and United States have over the state Citizens arises only upon the breaking of one of the Constitutionally passed Common Laws (whether state or federal) under which a state Citizen grants Page 77 of 97. Most important to remember is that only these three parties are included
in the Constitution. it would look something like this: state Citizen – First with unlimited power.source of all power. If we
made a chart showing the power structure. The Constitution is a contract which really involves three parties. and it clearly limits the power of the United States government. It is actually granted by the States with the
permission of the state Citizens.
and they had no Lincoln
In short. at the end of the Civil War. the former slave’s woes were not. S. and abuses were common. stating that you could not free another man's property. Rights. the United States government managed to pass the Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution in 1867. The slaves
actually remained slaves. The United States. The slaves actually became the property of the U. they became something called ''bounty.'' Bounty is what a conquering nation seizes from a conquered nation. At that time there was slavery in this country. This system established by the founding fathers worked very well and virtually without incident until the time of the Civil War. so slavery was forever ended in this country. in 1865.
tried to free the slaves with the Emancipation Proclamation. in fact. these people were legally nothing more than property. in fact. That’s right. allowed the slaves to start acting like free men. Unfortunately. but the supreme court ruled that effort to be unconstitutional. They had no standing in the society. So in 1868. but. they were not. the United States passed the Fourteenth
Amendment in order to afford the former slaves adequate protection and privileges. as their new owner. government as result of its victory in the Civil War. Slaves were not considered Citizens. because simply freeing them did not create any new citizens. Finally realizing the problem and
plight of the slaves. So.
. an incredible situation arose.jurisdiction in order that those laws might be enforced for the overall good of society. Page 78 of 97.
the concept of which [as denoted by use of the term ''second-class citizen'' ] is true concerning all federal citizens.
. and are fully guaranteed by other provisions. a new type of citizenship was born – that of a ''citizen of the United States. and then only to the extent that the particular crime was involved. are not under consideration in the fourteenth amendment. by their
very definition. S. with intent. a citizen of the District of Columbia. all federal citizens must be. unless they had committed a crime. The only people over whom the United States had jurisdiction were the former slaves and immigrants from other countries who sought citizenship after the Civil War. a person who is "completely subject" to the jurisdiction of the federal government [such as a citizen of the District of Columbia].'' (see U.therefore. because no state Citizenship was available to those ''persons. Elk v Wilkins is a 14th-Amendment case. Now ask yourself. Virtually any legal Page 79 of 97. v Anthony) The following case law herein cited represents affirmation of these two classes of citizenry. The Supreme Court of the United States asserts: ''The rights of Citizens of the States. Certainly not the
over whom did the United States government have jurisdiction?
state Citizens. as such. as the two are synonymous under the authority of and pursuant to the Fourteenth Amendment. In other words. under common-law jurisdiction. They stand as they did before
the adoption of the fourteenth amendment.'' or.'' The sovereign state Citizens were in no way affected by this new citizenship.
Ct. 83 U. 102 (1884). Ed.
. one of the United States and one of the state.' The evident meaning of these last words is not merely
subject in some respect or degree to the jurisdiction of the United States. 21 L." Jones v Temmer. 'All persons born
or naturalized in the United States [i. 505. 287. 112 U. "There are. 101.
two classes of citizens. 479. (16 Wall. S. 141 N. former slaves and immigrants] and subject to the jurisdiction thereof. 1073. this provision protects only those rights peculiar to being a citizen of the federal government. 496. 520 Volume 20 of Corpus Juris Secundum at 1758: "The United States Government is a foreign
corporation with respect to a state.E. 41 L. 1226 "… the first eight amendments have uniformly
been held not to be protected from state action by the privilege and immunities clause [of the 14th Amendment]. it does not protect those rights which relate to state citizenship. v re Merriam.. S.Y. 36 N. 94. Supp. under our republican form of government. then. S.'' Page 80 of 97.) 36. Case: 3-08 CR 089 N Petition and challenge to jurisdiction 3.. "The persons declared to be citizens are. Ed. "The privileges and immunities clause of the 14th Amendment protects very few rights because it neither incorporates the Bill of Rights nor protects all rights of individual citizens.Y. affirmed 16 S. [See Slaughter House cases. 394 (1873)] Instead.e." Hague v CIO. but completely subject. 307 U. 839 F." Elk v Wilkins.concept stated by the courts concerning a 14th-Amendment citizen is operative upon all federal citizens." N.
the "Saving To Suitors Clause" in his document(s). 394 (1873) "We have in our political system a government of the United States and Each one of these governments is
a government of each of the several States. which are distinct from each other and which depend upon different characteristics or circumstances in the individual.. S.. then. and a citizenship of a state. 57 N. Ed. 160 Ala.E. Ct. 41. that there is a
citizenship of the United States. (16 Wall. 48 So. S. and those belonging to the citizens of each state as such. 590 (1940) "It is quite clear. 404. SAVING TO SUITORS CLAUSE: Affiant has no record nor evidence that Affiant has not included and fortified. 56 S. S. 252 (1935) "… rights of national citizenship as distinct from the
fundamental or natural rights inherent in state citizenship. 92 U. within the Admiralty. S. 155.) 36. 788 (1909) "The governments of the United States and of each state of the several states are distinct from one another. and each has citizens of its own.Gardina v Board of Registrars of Jefferson County.'' Madden v Kentucky. ADMIT: Page 81 of 97. 83. 83 U.'' Colgate v Harvey. 542 (1875) "There is a difference between privileges and
immunities belonging to the citizens of the United States as such.'' Ruhstrat v People. The rights of a citizen under one may be quite
different from those which he has under the other. 84 L.
. 296 U.
distinct from the others. Ed. 21 L.'' Slaughter-House Cases." United States v Cruikshank. 309 U.
et cetera. September 24. and shall also have exclusive original cognizance [and culpability of the United States to protect rights and status] of all seizures on land…'' First Judiciary Act. 1789. be it known that this Affiant saving to himself all and all manner of advantage to the manifest uncertainties and insufficiencies in the Libellee(s) and Liable contained for the complaint thereto. and is an end consumer who exchanges sweat equity for goods consumed – Affiant is wrongly presumed by the Respondent to be a franchisee / trustee / surety." i. or participate as part of a "tontine scheme" of a voluntary joint mercantile. maritime. Therefore. has never intended to incur limited liability.e.. page 77. or to become a joint tort-feasor. ''… saving to suitors. – though Affiant is neutral and noncombatant. Intrastate or International Commerce for profit and trade without payment of the assessment. whose status / rights / freedom / property is now hypothecated under deception and tort as collateral for the "emergency" of the United States without Page 82 of 97. says that well and true it is. chapter 20.Libellee(s) listed within said document(s) is/are required to admit to the truth and fact that law is established granting protection and surety to Affiant of all effects and qualities of the "Saving To Suitors Clause. has never engaged in Interstate.
. in all cases the right of a common law remedy where the common law is competent to give it. insomuch thereof as is material and necessary to be answered. admiralty adventure for profit under a policy of limited liability for the payment of debts.
. The Constitution for the United States of America. et cetera. submitting. utilizing the only option available to Affiant as currency [money] in the public and private sector. within their respective districts. 1982. maritime and prize cases: The district courts shall have original jurisdiction. saving to suitors in all cases all other remedies to which they are otherwise entitled. surety." The First Judiciary Act. "… the United States. September 24. and shall also have exclusive original cognizance of all seizures on land.Affiant's consent. and that a further "taking" would be a continuance of inequitable practices. page 77. the right of a common law remedy.
TITLE 28. nor that of Affiant's ancestors.. exclusive of the courts of the States. Also... of any governmental unit. Affiant declares that he is not a franchisee. of – (1) any civil case of admiralty or maritime jurisdiction. Article III. (a) saving to suitors. Additionally. 1789. therefore not intentionally volunteering.. Chapter 20. Page 83 of 97.
. nor consenting to servitude. . employee. nor any " compelled benefits of privilege " that the Respondent may otherwise allege. Therefore. in all cases. the "Doctrine of Necessity" expressly overrides any "Doctrine of Contribution" Affiant may have ever participated in as continuity for absolute survivor-ship. Sec. 1333 – Admiralty. where the common law is competent to give it. Revised and Annotated – Analysis and Interpretation. trustee. as well as upon the high seas. agency nor trust.
etc. The States went bankrupt in 1933 by governor's convention. S.e. as well as earlier. document 99-16. the court of competent jurisdiction. leaving men and women the state. These facts of history and law move or remand Affiant out of the Article-I forum into Article-III "admiralty and maritime jurisdiction.§ 2. Government Printing Office.
. 741. suitor who Page 84 of 97. i. The older reading adheres to two valuable points – 1) This remedy is "common law" as of 1789 – no blending equity (Bennett v Butterworth. 2) Courts of competent jurisdiction – Modern usage of the [saving to suitors] clause. apply diversity of citizenship to State citizenship (a dispute between two different State Citizens) and a State or United States citizen verses a foreign citizen. U. p.. showing revenue causes under the jurisdiction of the district courts of the United States in Article-III judiciary. Congress admits it cannot change the intent of the clause. 1 Diversity of Citizenship. Bringing into light the re-phrasing of Congress in the
codification of the 'saving to suitors' clause of 1789. Cl. 52 U S 669). ''Exclusive admiralty jurisdiction of federal courts under 28 USCS § 1333 is limited to maritime causes of action begun and carried on in rem [enrichment without cause]. and. while under "saving to suitors" clause of § 1333." See Delovio v Boit and many subsequent cases Re: The Huntress.. in the amendment.
1862. Since the Enrollment
Act of March 3. This law was passed March 25..S.'' 2 Am Jur 2d ADMIRALTY § 122. 1862. Inc. 1948. S. 62 Stat. v U. Co. 625.
of North America. the United States has been overlaid on to the States and divided the United States into military districts. in state court or on "common law" side of federal court. The military was placed under admiralty jurisdiction by the law of prize and capture under "An Act to facilitate Judicial Proceedings in Adjudications upon Captured Property. (La App 1st Cir) 1990 La App LEXIS 1937). In 1938 a change was made from the English Common Law to
the Federal Common Law under the Erie v Tompkins decision. 1863. (La) 371 So 2d 807 (superseded on other grounds by statute as stated in Cramer v Association Life Ins. Lavergne v Western Co. at his election.'' This law forms the current basis of title 10. c. 440 U. which is the impetus for The Clearfield Doctrine under Clearfield Trust Co. sections 451-473. sections 7651-7681 of the Military Code of Justice. 604 and is codified to title 50. with a Provost Marshall over each district under the Department of War. 318 U. 363 (1943) and the United States v Kimbell Foods.holds in personam claim that might be enforced by suit in personam under admiralty jurisdiction of federal courts may also bring suit. where Page 85 of 97. 1861 and July 17. S.
. This Act forms the basis of our Military Selective Service Act of June 24. 715 (1999). and for the better Administration of the Law of Prize. under the Insurrection & Rebellion Acts of August 6.
S. 4.D. 890 F. [Federal Rules Decisions].R.C. Equity. Section 740. Civil and Admiralty was merged under one rule. Page 86 of 97. are indicative of the Federal Common Law of Admiralty (see INTERPOOL LTD v CHAR YIGH. 2D PG. The suits in Admiralty Act 46 U.C.S. Chapter 147 section 14706. The Admiralty Extension Act 46 U.S. This is the only side of the court that has Article-III judicial powers under the War Powers Act of Admiralty.C. The Foreign Sovereign Immunities Act title 28 sections 1602-1611.C.R. 5.C. Appendix sections 741-752.A. Rules in formulating Federal Common Law. This is the reason one cannot ordinarily find a common-law remedy in state court. This is because Maritime Commercial Transactions under the U. 2. Then in 1966.P.
. The following laws provide remedy under the common law within the admiralty: 1. this is all laid out in volume 324. This is why title 28 1333 gave the district courts of the United States original jurisdiction exclusive of the States for all cases of admiralty maritime jurisdiction under the saving to suitors clause. 325 of the F.C.C. thereby Common Law is vested in the District Courts of the United States. The Public Vessels Act 46 U. 1453) . Article III Section II gives the district courts of the United States judicial power in all cases of admiralty and maritime jurisdiction.A. under the F.C.C. Appendix sections 781-790.A. pg. 3. The Bills of Lading Act title 49 U. this means that common law is under admiralty.S. and is accessed by way of the Saving to Suitors Clause.A.they adopted the U.
military. section 3729 (a) (7). Co.
. residences in foreign States and the land appurtenant or ancillary thereto irrespective of ownership. Title 50 Appendix section 7 (c) sole relief & remedy under the trading with the enemy act & (e) No person shall be held liable in any court for or in respect to anything done or omitted in pursuance of any order. 9. 9 on page 88 states: '' saving to suitors. or regulation made by the president under the authority of this act. rule.A. The False Claims Act of title 31 U. the right of a common law remedy. The Lanham Act of title 15 section 1125 (a). The Admiralty. The Postal Accountability and Enhancement Act of title 39 sections 1-908 & 3621-3691. v North Packet Co.S. 31 Iowa 242 (1871). consular. The Federal Statutes Annotated. Title 28 USC Sec. Vol. maritime and prize cases states in part: The district courts shall have original jurisdiction. 7.6. irrespective of ownership (A). the premises of the United States diplomatic. Page 87 of 97.'' Hone Ins. 11. maritime and Prize cases title 28 section 1333 (1) (2). where the common law is competent to give it. (3) Any lands reserved or acquired for the use of the United States.C. exclusive of the courts of the states.. saving to suitors in all cases all other remedies to which they are otherwise entitled. in all cases. and land appurtenant or ancillary thereto (B). . . 8. of (1) any civil case of admiralty or maritime jurisdiction. 10. The Special maritime and territorial jurisdiction of the United States title 18 section 7 (1) – a citizen of the United States is a vessel. 1333 Admiralty.
even though the case comes under a maritime jurisdiction. the principles of law and equity. there shall be placed (1) the case number. estoppel. One need only make the
demand in his briefs to the court. patent. such as admiralty. fraud. eminent domain. shall supplement its provisions. opposite the caption of the case. A court at law requires the original contract be entered as evidence. coercion. including the law merchant and the law relative to capacity to contract. bankruptcy. If the judge takes judicial
notice of the nature of the case without communication to the parties. principal and agent. there is no case. negligence. securities. etc. misrepresentation. and (2) the nature of the action.
. how can said parties know in what terms they are to couch such case? Affiant also exercises demand that any original contract (not a copy) that is being used against him be brought forward. duress. A suitor therefore has the right to be tried at common law.e. unless displaced by particular provisions of the Uniform Commercial Code. fraud. contract. in the space to the right of the center of the first page. Under the Erie doctrine – Where there is no contract.. mistake. The jurisdiction of the case must be identified before the case can proceed. antitrust.Supplementary to general principles of law applicable. or other validating or invalidating cause.
Page 88 of 97. i.
Speaker-Rep. 48 Stat. “It is an established fact that the United States Federal Government has been dissolved by the Emergency Banking Act. Officials. S. we are here now in chapter 11. Members of Congress are official
trustees presiding over the greatest reorganization of any Bankrupt entity in world history.
. 1933. (Ohio) addressing the House: “Mr.
192. being bankrupt and insolvent. James Traficant. 1993 Vol.The Bankruptcy of The United States: United States Congressional Record. declared by President Roosevelt. the U. Speaker. We are setting forth hopefully. and Departments are now operating within a de facto status in name only under Emergency War Powers.R. “The receivers of the United States Bankruptcy are the International Bankers. 33. and Departments and is further evidence that the United States Federal Government exists today in name only. 1933 . With the Constitutional Republican form of Government now dissolved. Public Law 89-719. Officers.Joint Resolution To Suspend The Gold Standard and Abrogate The Gold Clause dissolved the Sovereign Authority of the United States and the official capacities of all United States Governmental Offices. Jr. March 17. Government. There are some who say it is a coroner’s report that will lead to our demise. the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund. 73rd Congress [in] session June 5.J. the receivers of Page 89 of 97. via the United Nations. March 9. 1. All United States Offices. page H-1303. a blueprint for our future. H.
Since gold and silver coinage were heavy
and inconvenient for a lot of transactions. that the founding fathers declared that only gold or silver coins can be “money” in America. page 8. Redeemable
Currency is not money.” The federal United States government and the U.” A Federal Reserve Note is a debt obligation of the federal United States government. R. but a money substitute. and are not “money.the Bankruptcy have adopted a new form of government for the United States.
. S. they were stored in banks and a claim check was issued as a money substitute. This act was instituted and established by transferring and / or placing the Office of the Secretary of Treasury to that of the Governor of the International Monetary Fund. Federal Reserve Notes make no such promises. S.” People traded their coupons as money. 13955 reads in part:
“The U. Congress were not and have never been authorized by the Constitution for the united states of America to issue currency of any kind. not “money. This new form of government is known as a Democracy. or “currency. Public Law 94-564. Secretary of Treasury receives no compensation for representing the United States. but only lawful money – gold and silver coin.” “Gold and silver were such a powerful money during the founding of the united states of America. being an established Socialist / Communist order under a new governor for America. Section H.
currency must promise to pay a dollar equivalent in gold or silver money. Page 90 of 97.
can only get deeper into debt. S. perhaps not in their entire life. inflation occurs. We the People no longer have any “money. To pay a debt. Treasury securities (T-Bills) – a promise to pay the debt to the Federal Reserve Bank.
. “Inflation is an invisible form of taxation that irresponsible governments inflict on their citizens.
do you understand why you are “bankrupt. Federal Reserve Notes are nothing more than promissory
notes for U. The Federal Reserve Bank who controls the supply and movement of Federal Reserve Notes has everybody fooled. barter or Page 91 of 97. silver.e. gold.“It is essential that we comprehend the distinction between real money and paper money substitute. They have access to an unlimited supply of Federal Reserve Notes. Whenever there is an increase of the supply of a money substitute in the economy without a corresponding increase in the gold and silver backing.” Most Americans have not been paid any “money” for a very long time. “There is a fundamental difference between “paying” and “discharging” a debt. you must pay with value or substance (i. Now do you comprehend why you feel broke? Now. Federal Reserve Notes are an inflatable paper system designed to create debt through inflation (devaluation of currency). One cannot get rich by accumulating money substitutes. paying only for the printing costs of what they need.” along with the rest of the country? “Federal Reserve Notes are unsigned checks written on a closed account.
Page 92 of 97. S.
. You cannot pay a debt with a debt currency system. Their lust is for power and control. the
international bankers used a “Canon Law Trust” as their model. The lender or underwriter bears the risks. although post-facto laws are strictly forbidden by the Constitution. No contract in
Common Law is valid unless it involves an exchange of “good & valuable consideration. The Federal Reserve Act was legislated post-facto (to 1870). In fact. and / or maritime insurance underwriter to the federal United States operating exclusively under Admiralty / Maritime Law. law. With Federal Reserve Notes.” The U. The Federal Reserve is a maritime lender.a commodity).” Unpayable debt transfers power and control to the sovereign
power structure that has no interest in money. “The Federal Reserve System is based on the Canon Law and the principles of sovereignty protected in the Constitution and the Bill of Rights. you can only discharge a debt. Since the
inception of central banking. equity or justice because they have so much wealth already. or premiums are the same. [1:9:3] “The Federal Reserve System is a sovereign power structure separate and distinct from the federal United States government. Congress had passed a law making it illegal for any legal “person” to duplicate a “Joint Stock Trust” in 1873. and the Maritime Law compelling specific performance in paying the interest. You cannot service a debt with a currency that has no backing in value or substance. adding stock and naming it a “Joint Stock Trust. they have controlled the fates of nations.
Like any other debtor. citizen – to the Federal Reserve System. There was no stipulation in the Federal Reserve Act for ever paying the principle. as collateral against the unpayable federal debt. and nonprofit organizations. citizens. “Prior to 1913.
the federal United States government had to assign collateral and security to their creditors as a condition of the loan. most Americans owned clear. the federal United States
hypothecated all of the present and future properties. They also pledged the unincorporated federal territories.” the U. they assigned the private property of their “economic slaves. the Federal Reserve System agreed to extend the federal United States corporation all the credit “money substitute” it needed. forests. The Federal Reserve Act stipulated that the interest on the debt was to be paid in gold. birth certificates. free and clear of any liens or mortgages until the Federal Reserve Act (1913) “Hypothecated” all property within the federal United States to the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve – in which the Trustees (stockholders) held legal title. citizen (tenant.
.“Assets of the debtor can also be hypothecated (to pledge something as a security without taking possession of it) as security by the lender or underwriter. as collateral against the federal debt. Since the federal United States didn’t have
any assets. franchisee) was registered as a “beneficiary” of the trust via his / her birth certificate. S. national parks. assets and labor of their “subjects” – the 14th-Amendment U. S. The U. “In return. Page 93 of 97. S. allodial title to property. In 1933.
“All has already been transferred as payment to the international bankers. Unwittingly, America has returned to its pre-American Revolution, feudal roots, whereby all land is held by a sovereign and the common people had no rights to hold allodial title to property. Once again, We the People are the tenants and
sharecroppers renting our own property from a Sovereign in the guise of the Federal Reserve Bank. We the People have exchanged one master for another. “This has been going on for over eighty years without the “informed knowledge” of the American People; without a voice protesting loud enough. Now it’s easy
to grasp why America is fundamentally bankrupt. Why don’t more people own their properties outright? Why are 90% of Americans mortgaged to the hilt and have little or no assets after all debts and liabilities have been paid? Why does it feel like you are working harder and harder and getting less and less? “We are reaping what has been sown, and the results of our harvest is a painful bankruptcy, and a foreclosure on American property, precious liberties, and a way of life. Few of our elected representatives in Washington, D. C. have dared to Our children will inherit
tell the truth. The federal United States is bankrupt.
this unpayable debt, and the tyranny to enforce paying it. America has become completely bankrupt in world leadership, financial credit, and its reputation for courage, vision, and human rights. This is an undeclared economic war, bankruptcy, and economic slavery of the most corrupt order! Wake up America! Take back your Country.” Page 94 of 97.
Acceptance racket costing the American people, 90 billions yearly American Government made responsible to pay debts of one foreigner to another Anti-hoarding campaign Asset currency forced on the U.S. Baltimore & Ohio R.R. asks for loan Bankers' acceptance racket Banks gambling $13 billions of the people's money & credit yearly Bankers hate pensioners Bank holiday declared by Roosevelt Bankruptcy of the U.S. Britain now financial mistress of the world British shielding the Fed British shielding robbery Children the new slaves Colonel Mandel House betrays America Company stores Concealing crimes and criminals Country ravaged and laid wasted Criminals and their crimes Criminal offense against the Government Deceivers are traitors Dynamite for Japan at America's expense Evading tax on circulation European origin of the Fed Federal Reserve corrupt not government institution twelve branches currency unsound has usurped the government conspires to take away peoples title to war debts debts transferred to the people by Roosevelt pool of American confiscated bank deposits Forcing small banks to buy stock Foreign and domestic swindlers Faithless government officials Fiat money and Mr. Mills of the Treasury Financing beans for Japan distilleries in Europe German brewers Financial pirates Financed Trotsky in promoting Russian Revolution Finding the securities put-up for Fed loans
Page 95 of 97.
Five-cent meals for the people Gambling counter have no legal standing German exports to South America paid for by U.S. before shipment Granting gift of $7 millions to every member of the Federal Reserve yearly Greatest crime in history Great depression brought on by evil practices of the Fed Great Britain, partner in blackmail Great haul for the International Bankers Gold standard abandoned by Britain Government in the banking business as never before Government liable for debts of individuals and corporations in foreign lands responsible for Federal Reserve notes issued by the Fed the backer of bootleggers, smugglers, speculators and swindlers in all parts of the world Highly dangerous powers of the Federal Reserve law Horrors of the dishonest Fed Hypocrisy of the embargo on the shipment of gold Immense gold loans to Great Britain Impractical, cumbersome machinery of the Fed International Bankers, enemies of the people they rob International propagandists Internationalists spend half million dollars to get the Federal Reserve law through Congress Ivar Krueger, match king Killing our favorable trade balance King's bank, a worm-eaten fraudulent institution Kuhn, Loeb and Co. take over the U.S. Treasury send a partner to run the Fed Money for Scotch distillers of Fed the money of slaves-not free men Nature of the Ivar Krueger Swindle Oakland County, Michigan, has bankrupt sale of 71,000 homes and farms Our gold sent to Germany Old struggle of Jackson's time One law for bankers-another for Veterans Paying bootleggers' bills Paying no income taxes Peddling our government's credit People's gold wrongfully and illegally taken People's right to know Predatory interests of the centuries President Hoover's friend (Ivar Krueger) President Jackson's battle with the bankers Promoted separate peace between Germany and Russia, World War I Public credit of the U.S. used all over the world at our risk Raising money for Kuhn, Loeb and Co. Ramsey MacDonald, labor party deserter
Page 96 of 97.
freight cars Traitorous and dishonest officials Trotsky breaks up Russian homes with American funds Twelve private money trusts Two-named paper wrecked every country where tried U.scribd.com/doc/117889062/Petition-for-Declaratory-Judgment-Template
Page 97 of 97.Redeeming bad debts of the Fed Re-discounting Repeal the Fed Resolution for audit of the Fed Return to the Constitution Roosevelt casts his lot with the usurers and money changers destroyed the value of the American dollar dictatorship prepares to destroy the Constitution reduces the pay of Federal employees released bankers from debts and charge the people instead servant of International bankers his two kinds of laws will not permit the Congress to investigate the condition of the Fed Shortage of actual money Senator Aldrich's bill used in the Federal Reserve law Carter Glass gets his name on the bill Lodge of Massachusetts opposes the bill Root denounces the Fed Spurious securities for good U. in bank holiday. March 5.com/watch?v=uNNeVu8wUak http://www. 2012.
.youtube. Wilson administration establishes the worm-eaten King's bank World enslavement planned World riff-raff operating on the public credit of the U. 1933 Wealth of U. exported to foreign countries with all profit to the Fed We need to destroy the Fed.& O.S.scribd. funds State boundaries should be respected in connection with State funds Throwing Veterans off B. being ransacked and pillaged Unlawful usurpation of power by Roosevelt.S.S.S.
Revised July 4th.