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Subject Title:

FINITE ELEMENTS ANALYSIS

Time : 3 hours

Answer ALL questions (5 x 12 = 60 Marks)


1. Compulsory: a. b. 2. Describe the general steps involved in the analysis through Finite Element method. List the advantages, disadvantages and the applications of FEM. (6) (6)

A beam AB of span simply supported at ends and carrying a concentrated load W at the centre C as shown below. W A C B

3.

Determine the deflection at the Midspan by using Rayleigh Ritz method and compare with the exact solution. (OR) The following differential equation is available for a physical phenomenon: d2y 0 x 1 10 x 2 = 5 ; dx 2 The boundary conditions are : y (0) = 0 and y(1) = 0. By using Galerkins method of weighted Residuals to find an approximate solution of the above differential equation and also compare with exact solution. A thin steel plate of uniform thickness 25mm is subjected to a point load of 420N at mid depth is as shown in figure. 100mm

4.

200 mm

420 N

200 mm

80mm

[P.T.O]

5.

The plate is also subjected to self-weight. If youngs modulus E = 2 x 105 N/mm2 and unit weight density, =0.8x10-4 N/mm3, calculate the following a. Displacement at each nodel point. B. Stresses in each element (OR) For the Two bar Truss shown in the figure below, determine the displacements of node 1 and the stress in element 1 3. 12 kN

500mm 1 2 300 mm

Take, E = 70 GPa A = 200 mm2

3 400 mm 6. Calculate the stiffness matrix for the elements as shown below: y 3 (15, 10) 1 (10, 7.5) 2 (15,5 ) X The co-ordinates are given in units of Millimeters. Assume Plane stress conditions. Take, E = 2.1 x 105 N/mm2 Poissons ratio = = 0.25 Thickness = t = 10 mm (OR) For the plan strain element as shown in the figure below, the nodal displacements are, u1 = 0.005 mm v1 = 0.002 mm u2 = 0.0 mm v2 = 0.0 mm u3 = 0.005 mm v3 = 0.0 mm y 1 (5, 15) 2 (25, 15)

7.

3 (15, 5) X Determine the element stresses x , y, xy, and 1, 2. Also find the principal angle p. Take, E = 70 GPa and = 0.3 and use unit thickness for plane strain. All co-ordinates are in millimeter.

8.

An axial load of 4 x 105 N is applied at 30C to the rod as shown in figure below. Aluminium

Steel P= 4 x 105N 1
1

2 200 mm 300mm

9.

The temperature is then raised to 60 C. Calculate, a. The K and F matrices. b. Nodal displacements c. Stresses in each material (OR) Enumerate the advantages and disadvantages of the Boundary Element Method (BEM) relative to Finite Element Method (FEM)