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P (A)

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{ }


A 1, 2, 3

1 A
2 A
3 A
5 A

A 1, 2, 3

B { x 3 x 9}

A 1, 2, 3
A 3
C 1, 2, 3,...
B {

D { x 3 x 9}

x 4.000001
4.000000000001
D

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1) 0

2)
1, 3, 5, 6, 3 1, 3, 5, 6
3)
R
N
I
I
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P
4)

A 1, 5, 8, 9

B 1, 9, 8, 5

A B
5)
U

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A { 1, 5, 9 } B { 1, 3, 6 }
A B { 1, ,5, 9, 1, 3, 6 }

A B { 1, ,5, 9, 3, 6 } 5 ( 6 )

A { 1, 3, 5, 9 } B { 1, 3, 6 }
A B { 1, 3 }

,
U 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 A 1, 2, 3, 4
B A 5, 6 B A
A B 1, 2 A B
U A A 5, 6, 7 A
U B B 1, 2, 7 B

B 3, 4, 5, 6

Note
( A B) A B
( A B) A B
A B A B

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A B ( A

B )
A

B 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7
A B A
A 1, 2, 3, 4

D 2, 3, 5, 8
C D C
C 2, 3, 4

Note
1)
2) A B A B B A ( A

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P( A )

A 3, 4
A
3 A
4 A
3, 4 A

A , 3 , 4 , 3, 4
P( A ) , 3 , 4 , 3, 4

P( A ) 4

P( A ) A
P( A ) 2 n( A ) n( A ) A

A 2

P( A ) 22 4

n P( A) P(B) 2n( A B )

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-
U

B
A B

A B

A U A

B A

B A

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2
U

3
U

n
n( A B ) n( A ) n( B ) n( A B )
n( A B C ) n( A ) n( B ) n(C ) n( A B ) n( A C ) n( B C ) n( A B C )