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# Name _____________________________________

PHYSU 121: Principles of Physics I Test 1 9/26/2008
Dr. R. A. Di Dio / Chestnut Hill College

I. Kinematics Graphs
1. Sketch a velocity time-graph that shows an object...
a) Standing still
b) Moving towards the origin at constant velocity
c) Reversing direction
d) Increasing speed at a steady rate

2. A velocity vs. time graph for an object moving along the x-axis is shown in the figure below.
a) Plot a graph of the acceleration versus time.
b) Determine the average acceleration of the object in the time interval 0.0 s to 3.0 s.

15

10

5
v (m/s)

0
0 1 2 3 4
-5
t (s)
-10

-15

3. For the graph of x vs. t below,
a) Sketch the shape of the corresponding v vs. t and a vs. t graphs.
b) Describe in words how you would have to walk to create these x(t) graphs.
c) Describe the nature of the motion (rest, constant velocity or constant acceleration; moving
toward or away from the origin).
x (m)

t (s)

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III. A car is moving at 10 m/s and its acceleration is zero. where x is in meters and t in seconds t a) Determine the average velocity from t = 1 to t=2 sec b) Determine the instantaneous velocity at t =1. D) It is 4. C) Car A's speed is greater than Car B's velocity. B) Their speeds are the same. but will speed up. Problems Note: Include units for all answers and show your work for all questions.5 m. Car B travels west at 25 m/s. When a driver brings a car top a stop by braking as hard as possible. What were the magnitude and direction of the average acceleration of the boat during this time interval? 4 2. determine a) The acceleration of the car during braking b) Total Braking time Page 2 of 2 . and 12 s later its speed was 6 m/s in the opposite direction. ___ 3. ___ 4. C) It is 9. A woman is driving an auto in a straight line at constant speed. D) Car B's speed is greater than Car A's velocity.5 sec c) Determine the average acceleration from t = 1 to t=2 sec 3. How long will it take to stop? A) It will never stop. Explain your selection ___ 1. B) It will never stop. the Stopping Distance is the sum of a Reaction Distance (the distance traveled during a driver’s reaction time) and a Braking Distance. Name _____________________________________ II. E) It varies proportionally with time. 1. D) It will stop in 98 s. It will move at 10 m/s as long as its acceleration is zero C) It will stop in 10 s. a car had a speed of 20 m/s in the forward direction at a certain time.8m/s2. A particle moves in 1-D according to x(t ) = 2t − 3 . What can be said about the acceleration of the auto? A) It is zero.9 m/s2. Multiple Choice: Choose the answer that is closest to the correct answer. B) It varies with time. Car A travels south at 25 m/s.75 s and the total Stopping Distance is 67. If a car is traveling at 30 m/s and the driver’s reaction time is 0. Initially. Which of the following is not a vector? A) Displacement B) Force C) Distance D) Velocity E) Acceleration ___ 2. Which answer is correct? A) Their velocities are the same.