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Physics! / Unit III / MTM

Name:

Momentum Transfer Model

– 1 –

from Modeling Workshop Project © 2006

Use this space to take data

Experiment:

in a

careful,

organized way.

Cart

Crash

Physics!

/

Unit III / MTM

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Physics! / Unit

III /

MTM

– 3 –

from

Modeling Workshop Project

2006

Activity/Notes: Collisions

and

Physics!

/

Conservation

Unit III / MTM

from Modeling Workshop Project

– 4 –

10 kg.

He throws

with a mass of

in

Action

empty oxygen tank

through the

the melon as it ﬂies

son, Throckmorton,

His

arrow passes

(no, seriously)

a speed of 2 m/s. With what velocity does he start to move off

The

kg carries an

IF Charts

1:

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from

Modeling Workshop Project

2006

whose mass is 80

tank away from himself with

of 30 m/s.

Physics! / Unit
III /
MTM
Practice
1.
An
astronaut
the
into space?
2.
A 2 kg melon
is
balanced
on your
shoots a 50 g arrow
at it with
a speed
melon and emerges
with a speed

of 18 m/s. Find the speed of

opposite ends of the raft,

Physics!
/
3. A raft
of mass
180 kg carries two swimmers with
masses 50 kg
and
80 kg.
The
raft
is
initially ﬂoating at
rest. The two
swimmers simultaneously
dive off
with a horizontal velocity
of 3 m/s.
With
what
velocity and in
what direction does the raft start
to

each

Unit III / MTM

move?

begin to

move.

In one experiment the bullet had

a mass of

50 g and the wood and

10 kg.

bullet moved

at a constant

data determine the original

speed of the bullet.

(That is, the speed

of the

from Modeling Workshop Project

– 6 –

After the

shot,

the cart, wood, and

bullet right

speed, traveling 0.80

 4. One way of measuring the muzzle velocity of a bullet is to ﬁre it horizontally into a massive block on a cart. Assuming no friction, we

m in 0.40

s.

before it hits the cart.)

then measure the velocity with which the wood containing the bullet and

cart

mass

of

From this

of wood placed

a combined

Physics! / Unit
III /
MTM
5.
A 50 kg
cart
is moving across
a very low friction ﬂoor at 2.0 m/s.
A 70
kg boy,
riding in the cart,
he hits the ﬂoor
with zero velocity. That is, his speed is
the change in
momentum of the cart?

jumps off so that

2006

0 m/s (horizontally) even before he hits the ﬂoor. What is

6.

A ball

of mass 3

kg,

moving at 2 m/s

eastward,

is

combined mass

after the collision?

– 7 –

westward. The

balls stick together

after the impact. What

the

magnitude and

ball of mass 1 kg

from

direction

of the

that is moving at

2 m/s

Modeling Workshop Project

velocity of the

Physics!
/ Unit III / MTM
7. During alpha
decay, an
atom ejects two
protons and two neutrons (an alpha particle,
which is also
a helium
nucleus). When
decays, it becomes
ejecting an alpha
particle.
! decay
occurs
!
226 Ra
22 Rn
4 He
How many times larger
will the ﬁnal
velocity of the alpha particle be
compared to
the ﬁnal velocity of
the
8. On an
icy
a 5000 kg
truck
rear-ends
a 1200 kg
car
that
slow from 14 m/s
to 12
m/s and the car to speed
up.
What
is
the
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