Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 - 2012

INTRODUCTION

Copyright © Pinsent Masons LLP 2011 Published by Pinsent Masons LLP Pinsent Masons LLP 30 Crown Place London EC2A 4ES Telephone: 02074187000 Facisimile: 02074187050 Email: enquiries@pinsentmasons.com Website: www.pinsentmasons.com ISBN 978-0-9551747-7-3 Previous editions: Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2010 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2009 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2008 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2007 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2006 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2005 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2004 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2003 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2002 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2001 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2000 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 1999 – 2011 ISBN 978-0-9551747-6-6 – 2010 ISBN 978-0-9551747-5-9 – 2009 ISBN 0-9551747-4-0 – 2008 ISBN 0-9551747-3-2 – 2007 ISBN 0-9551747-1-6 – 2006 ISBN 0-9537076-9-5 – 2005 ISBN 0-9537076-7-9 – 2004 ISBN 0 9537076-5-2 – 2003 ISBN 0 9537076 4 4 – 2002 ISBN 0 9537076 2 8 – 2001 ISBN 0 9537076 1 X – 2000 ISBN 0 9537076 0 1

All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise, without the prior permission of the copyright owner. Whilst every effort has been made to check the accuracy of the information given in this book, readers should always make their own checks. Neither the author nor the publisher accepts any responsibility for misstatements made in it or for misunderstandings arising from it. The main text of this work reflects the information obtained by the author as at October 2011.

Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 - 2012

PINSENT MASONS WATER YEARBOOK 2011-12 PREFACE It is all but impossible in today‘s global economic gloom to distil the real shared essence of economics and politics in their impact on the market. The collapse of Lehmann Brothers in 2008 continues to cast its long shadow across all industrial sectors, the banking crisis it triggered having morphed into a sovereign debt crisis, which is itself edging the world towards yet another banking crisis. The long-speculated double-dip recession – or worse! – seems to be knocking at the door! The traditional engines of economic growth, as represented by the G7 countries, have proved effete at stimulating growth, preferring to skulk in the engine sheds. Despite all its blather, no meaningful policy actions have emerged from the EU which, refusing to abandon its single currency, remains obdurate in declining to take the necessary action to save it! Germany baulks at its role of paymaster to spendthrift upstarts and Greece lurches towards bankruptcy and default, with others in similar straits not far behind – and the US economy stubbornly refuses to grow. Here in the UK, the outlook is hardly any rosier, with the IMF downgrading our growth prospects for the third time in only twelve months. At the same time, governments and bureaucrats everywhere seem bent on hobbling business with ever more onerous and distracting red tape. Against this background - notwithstanding the chronic need for it - ―investment‖ seems like a dirty word and whereas the mills grind exceeding slow in the candyfloss world of politics, the financial markets react by the minute – or refuse to do as the bureaucrats might wish, as the case may be! In the meantime, of course, the global water industry grapples with unprecedented challenges that call for a combination of innovation, operational flexibility – and investment. The overriding challenge, however, is to meet burgeoning demand (caused by rapid urbanisation in the developing world and overall population growth) out of existing resources that are themselves threatened with the effects of climate change. In the European context, that means shifting rainfall patterns, with drier summers, wetter winters and increased risk of flooding, as well as legal obstacles in the shape of carbon emission targets and other constraints. Aquatic eco-systems and water resources are therefore under serious threats that will test the resilience of existing water infrastructure to the limit and, at times, beyond. The impact of all this pressure on public and private investment capacity will cause many countries to modify or postpone, or even abandon altogether, scheduled major infrastructure improvements, as well as force a re-scheduling of the Millennium Development Goals yet again. Enormous faith is being reposed in the potential of science and commercial ingenuity to translate into practical technical and economic innovation as a saviour. This in an industry that, in many parts of the developed world, is notoriously unadventurous and distrusting of novelty (often for sound regulatory reasons), with a touching faith in the abiding value of the ―tried and tested‖! Corporate bureaucracies, however, tend to be by nature pessimistic because difficulty lurks in every opportunity, compromising rates of return and undermining the share price, thus pushing up the cost of capital. Climate change Much useful policy work is being, and has been, done in the UK at the levels of industry and government, which has universal application and is ahead of thinking in many other parts of the world. The UK government has identified five policy priorities that also accord with the needs of most other countries of the developed world and, where practicable, the developing world – strategic land-use planning to minimise flood risk; more effective integration of national infrastructure to ensure compatibility with currently predicted climate trends and their impact on water and energy consumption; designing and renovating the built environment to cope with exceptional weather events, while minimising water use; the sustainable management of natural resources, and more effective emergency planning based on probabilistic weather forecasting.

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INTRODUCTION

Adaptation and mitigation in relation to climate change, however, are complementary, not alternatives, calling for global solutions to water resource planning which reconcile the conflicting trends of rising demand for water and finite water resources. Innovation The area of technological innovation is beyond the scope of a foreword like this, other than to acknowledge in passing its central importance to an industry facing challenges like those alluded to above. It offers the kind of step-change in operating and economic efficiency which industry planners, and accountants, dream of. Remarkable technological strides are already being made which will increasingly come on stream in the coming decades in response to the pressures of climatic, economic and social change, enabling many countries in the developing world, incidentally, to leapfrog much of the piecemeal progress that has shaped the industry and society since the Industrial Revolution. Innovation, however, operates at other levels, most notably how we do things in the industry and the way society regulates them, and here it‘s often achievable at modest or manageable investment outlays. As a society, we need a fresh approach to the management of our water resources and to address the sustainability paradigm will require a more integrated approach to the entire water cycle, including the use and treatment of raw and used water. The conflicting pressures on the resource element, both in the UK and worldwide, call for radical resource planning that is sustainable in economic, political and environmental terms, while exploiting the energy and waste potential of the industry and adapting to multiple water sources – municipal supply, greywater re-use and rainwater harvesting – for domestic, industrial and agricultural users. Planners and policymakers the world over are preoccupied by these issues, which will compound in the future as the impact of the insidious effects of change come to bear more acutely on social, economic and political life. In many countries, however, beset with economic upheaval, they will remain intractable well into the future. Their impact on the developed world, moreover, with its intensely urbanised regions, is likely to be even more acute, with the scale of investment they command, the physical disruption they entail and the havoc wrought by the increasingly complex planning regulation that‘s a consequence of growing environmental sensitivity! The scope for rosy optimism is scant, but for the water industry the opportunities are abundant. This, in part, is the message contained in the following pages of Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook, now in its thirteenth edition. It is yet again the outcome of the successful collaboration between Pinsent Masons, the London-based international law firm specialising in infrastructure projects and the global water industry, and Dr David Lloyd Owen of Envisager, the specialist consultancy in environmental services for the water, wastewater and renewable energy sectors, and continues to be the principal market reference work on the state of the global market, country by country, presented in searching detail. Pinsent Masons and Dr Lloyd Owen are to be congratulated for its unparalleled scope.

David Neil-Gallacher Chief Executive British Water

ii Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 - 2012

DAVID LLOYD OWEN BIOGRAPHY

DR DAVID LLOYD OWEN Managing Director, Envisager, Head of Global Research & Senior Advisor Bluewater Bio David has followed the technology sector for 25 years and the water and waste management sectors since 1989. He was an equity analyst at Savory Milln / Swiss Bank Corporation and Banque Paribas and was a founding director of Ecofin Limited and Head of Research at Delphi International. In 2003, he set up Envisager, a company that advises financiers, companies and governments on the water & wastewater market, policy, environmental and management issues. He is a member of the Advisory Board for the Pictet Funds Water Fund, an advisor to XPV Capital Corporation (a Toronto-based water VC fund) and a member of the Investment Advisory Committee of WHEB Asset Management. He was a Member of Glas Cymru Cyf from 2001-11 and a non-executive director of EnviroGene Limited from 2006-09. An ecologist with a BSc in Environmental Biology from Liverpool University and a DPhil in Applied Ecology from Jesus College, Oxford University, he is a Chartered Environmentalist (CEnv, Soc Env, MIEEM) and Chartered Geographer (CGeog, FRGS), a Registered Representative of the FSA and a Member of the Securities Institute (MSI). He has written a number of peer reviewed papers on water management along with a broad range of articles, commentaries and presentations at conferences and seminars. He is currently writing a general-interest book on water and wastewater management, to be published by Parthian Books in 2012. Books on the water sector published include: ‗Tapping Liquidity: Financing water & wastewater 2010-29‘ (Thomson Reuters, 2009) ‗Financing water and wastewater to 2025: From necessity to sustainability‘ (Thomson Financial, 2006) ‗European Water: Market drivers and responses‘ (CWC, 2002) ‗European Water Company Profiles‘ (FT Energy, 1998) ‗The European Water Industry: A country-by-country analysis‘ (FT Energy, 1998) He also writes a monthly column for Global Water Intelligence.

iii Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 - 2012

PINSENT MASONS WATER SECTOR GROUP

PINSENT MASONS WATER SECTOR GROUP Pinsent Masons LLP is a full service law firm with around 280 partners, a total legal team of around 1,100 and more than 1,800 staff in the UK and internationally. It is one of the leading specialist water law firms. We are unique amongst law firms in having had for the past 14 years an industry facing Water Group. The firm‘s Water Group has extensive experience on a world-wide basis of water, wastewater, desalination, and industrial water reuse projects, many of them procured on a BOT basis or on a Public/Private Partnership basis, as well as of water resource management, environmental, and corporate issues encountered by water utilities and other entities involved in the water industry. Pinsent Masons Water Group also has significant experience in the field of regulatory law issues relating to water. The Water Group was recently awarded a Distinction by Global Water Intelligence in the Global Water Law Firm of the Year Category at the Global Water Awards in April 2008. The Water Sector Group regularly holds Wet Network events to promote the introduction of new technologies into the global water sector. Over five years more than 70 companies have presented at our Wet Network events. Examples of recent projects include the following: advising the EPC water contractor on the USD3.5billion Ras Laffan C desalination project in Qatar; advising two of the largest UK water utilities on their framework arrangements and associated contracts for their capital works programmes for AMP5 with a combined estimated value in excess of GBP4billion; advising United Utilities on a contract for the design, build and optimisation of Shell Green Sludge processing, dewatering and incineration facility. When complete, this will be the largest such facility in Europe; advising one of the largest water treatment companies in the world and a blue-chip conglomerate in Hong Kong in respect of a foreign direct investment in a water treatment plant in Chongqing, People's Republic of China advising a consortium on its bid for the New Cairo Wastewater Treatment Plant PPP; advising a consortium on its bid for the Muharraq wastewater concession project in Bahrain; advising a bidder on its bid for the Riyadh Water Privatisation; advising a bidder in connection with the Jeddah Water Privatisation; acting for the concessionaire on its negotiations with the Government of Pakistan for a desalination concession project to be located in Karachi; advising a major Singapore based contractor on risk allocation and contractual arrangements for various water process unit projects in Dubai, including Palm Jumeirah; advising the Degremont/Besix joint venture in connection with the Jumeirah Golf Estates wastewater treatment plant concession; advising United Utilities on procurement of an extension to their Mersey Valley site process treatment plant and de-watering facilities, including the addition of a new incinerator; advising a member of the EPC construction consortium on its successful bid for the USD3.5billion Marafiq desalination project at Jubail, Saudi Arabia; advising an international operator in its bid for a water and electricity distribution operations and maintenance contract in Abu Dhabi;

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PINSENT MASONS WATER SECTOR GROUP

advising in connection with the restructuring and refinancing of the Ajman wastewater concession project; advising a bidder in connection with the USD200million Taweelah desalination project in Abu Dhabi; advising United Utilities on their AX4 programme under which they are procuring all capital works for their water and electricity businesses from 2005 to 2010. This is one of the largest procurement programmes in the utilities industry: value GBP4billion; advising a bidder on its bid for Project Aquatrine, the UK Ministry of Defence project to outsource its water and wastewater functions under the Private Finance Initiative; advising on a major industrial water outsourcing project in the UK; advising a UK Utility Group, part of the preferred bidder consortium, on the Engineering Procurement Construction contract issues (Package 1), in connection with the design, build and operation of a water treatment plant in Beijing. Beijing No. 10 is the fourth formal BOT project in China; advising a member of a bidding consortium in connection with the Disi-Amman water conveyor BOT project in Jordan; advising part of a consortium bidding for the Dublin Bay Ringsend Treatment Works wastewater project in Dublin; acting for the Government of Sri Lanka on the Greater Negombo Water PSP project; advising the South African Department of Water Affairs and Forestry on the form of model contracts to regulate water services for the benefit of South African municipalities; acting for the preferred bidder in connection with the Levenmouth Wastewater Treatment project in Scotland. This is a bond financed project procured under the UK Government‘s Private Finance Initiative; advising administrators to a mineral water company on the transfer of abstraction licenses; advising OFWAT on an appeal to the Competition Appeal Tribunal by Aqua Resources Limited; advising the National Offender Management Service on a claim by water undertaker for its costs for constructing a pumping station and rising main and gravity sewer at HMP Gartree; advising PAI Partners on the UK aspects of their EUR1.7billion disposal of water company SAUR to a consortium led by Caisse des Depots; advising Black & Veatch on its acquisition of the water business of M J Gleeson Group Plc. For further details of Pinsent Masons‘ capabilities and experience in the water, wastewater, desalination and industrial water re-use sectors, and of the firm's capabilities and experience in the regulatory field, contact Mark Lane, Head of the Water Group, at:
Pinsent Masons 30 Crown Place London EC2A 4ES Tel: +44 (0)20 7490 4000 DDI: +44 (0)20 7490 6214 Mobile: +44 (0)7860 872533 Fax: +44 (0)20 7490 2545 Email: mark.lane@pinsentmasons.com Web: www.pinsentmasons.com

v Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 - 2012

CONTENTS

CONTENTS PREFACE DR DAVID LLOYD OWEN PINSENT MASONS WATER SECTOR GROUP INTRODUCTION HOW TO USE THIS BOOK PART 1: THE WORLD OF WATER 2011-12 PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS ALBANIA ALGERIA ARMENIA AUSTRIA AZERBAIJAN BAHRAIN BELGIUM BULGARIA BURKINA FASO CAMEROON CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC CHAD REPUBLIC OF CONGO CÔTE D‘IVOIRE CROATIA CZECH REPUBLIC DENMARK EGYPT ESTONIA ETHIOPIA FINLAND FRANCE
vi Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 - 2012

i iii iv xi xiv 1 50 51 54 56 58 61 63 64 67 70 71 72 73 75 76 78 80 84 85 88 90 92 94

CONTENTS

GABON GERMANY GHANA GREECE GUINEA GUINEA-BISSAU HUNGARY IRAN IRAQ IRELAND ISRAEL - PALESTINE ITALY JORDAN KENYA KUWAIT LATVIA THE LEBANON LESOTHO LITHUANIA MALAWI MALI MOROCCO MOZAMBIQUE NAMIBIA THE NETHERLANDS NIGER NIGERIA NORWAY OMAN POLAND

100 102 107 109 111 113 114 117 119 121 124 128 136 138 141 143 144 146 148 150 151 153 156 159 161 163 165 168 170 172

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Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 - 2012

CONTENTS PORTUGAL QATAR ROMANIA THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION SAUDI ARABIA SENEGAL SLOVAK REPUBLIC REPUBLIC OF SLOVENIA SOUTH AFRICA SPAIN SWEDEN SWITZERLAND TANZANIA TUNISIA TURKEY UGANDA UKRAINE UNITED ARAB EMIRATES UNITED KINGDOM YEMEN ZAMBIA PART 3(i): COMPANY ANALYSIS: MAJOR PLAYERS SAUR SUEZ ENVIRONNEMENT SA AGUAS DE BARCELONA SA VEOLIA ENVIRONNEMENT SA RWE AG ACEA (AZIENDA COMNUALE ENERGIA e AMBIENTE SPA) FCC (FOMENTO DE CONSTRUCCIONES Y CONTRATAS SA) CASCAL NV 176 179 181 184 188 191 193 195 197 201 204 206 207 209 211 214 218 220 222 230 231 232 233 236 257 265 295 300 305 312 viii Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 .2012 .

2012 . SAUDI ARABIA: SAUDI ARABIAN AMIANTIT COMPANY SPAIN: ACCIONA SPAIN: AGUAS DE VALENCIA SA SPAIN: GRUPO ACS.ON GERMANY: GELSENWASSER AG GERMANY: MVV AG GERMANY: REMONDIS GREECE: ATHENS WATER SUPPLY AND SEWERAGE COMPANY SA GREECE: THESSALONIKI WATER & SEWERAGE ITALY: A2A SPA ITALY: ACEGAS-APS ITALY: ACQUE POTABILI SPA ITALY: ACSM-AGAM ITALY: GRUPPO IREN ITALY: HERA SPA KUWAIT: UTILITIES DEVELOPMENT COMPANY HOLDINGS MOROCCO: LYDEC PORTUGAL: MOTA-ENGIL SPA QATAR: QATAR ELECTRICITY & WATER CO.CONTENTS UNITED UTILITIES PLC PART 3(ii): COMPANY ANALYSIS: LOCAL/REGIONAL PLAYERS AUSTRIA: AQUAPLUS AUSTRIA: ENERGIE AG AUSTRIA: EVN AG ESTONIA: TALLINNA VESI AS FRANCE: BOUYGUES SA GERMANY: E. ACTIVIDADES DE CONSTRUCCION Y SERVICOS SA SPAIN: OHL SA SPAIN: SACYR VALLEHERMOSO SPAIN: TECNICAS VALENCIANAS DEL AGUA 318 320 321 322 324 328 329 330 332 337 338 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 349 351 352 353 355 356 359 361 362 364 366 369 ix Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 .

CONTENTS SWEDEN: LÄCKEBY WATER GROUP UNITED KINGDOM: AWG PLC UNITED KINGDOM: BIWATER HOLDINGS LIMITED UNITED KINGDOM: CAMBRIDGE WATER PLC UNITED KINGDOM: COSTAIN GROUP PLC UNITED KINGDOM: DEE VALLEY GROUP PLC UNITED KINGDOM: GLAS CYMRU (DWR CYMRU WELSH WATER) UNITED KINGDOM: KELDA GROUP PLC (YORKSHIRE WATER PLC) UNITED KINGDOM: NATURE GROUP UNITED KINGDOM: NORTHUMBRIAN WATER PLC UNITED KINGDOM: PENNON GROUP PLC (SOUTH WEST WATER PLC) UNITED KINGDOM: PORTSMOUTH WATER (SOUTH DOWNS LTD) UNITED KINGDOM: SEVERN TRENT PLC UNITED KINGDOM: SOUTH EAST WATER UNITED KINGDOM: SOUTH STAFFORDSHIRE PLC UNITED KINGDOM: SOUTHERN WATER PLC (FIRST AQUA) UNITED KINGDOM: SUTTON & EAST SURREY WATER PLC UNITED KINGDOM: THAMES WATER PART 3(iii): COMPANY ANALYSIS: NEW ENTRIES SPAIN: ABENGOA RUSSIAN FEDERATION: ROSVODOKANAL THE NETHERLANDS: KARDAN NV BRAZIL: SOLVI APPENDIX 1: THE WATER CYCLE AND WATER SERVICES APPENDIX 2: PRIVATE SECTOR PARTICIPATION APPENDIX 3: THE PRIVATE DEVELOPMENT GOALS SECTOR AND THE MILLENNIUM 371 372 374 375 376 377 378 380 382 383 385 386 387 390 392 393 394 395 397 398 400 401 403 404 411 426 APPENDIX 4: GLOSSARY OF WATER AND FINANCE TERMS AND ABBREVIATIONS APPENDIX 5: REFERENCES AND FURTHER READING 441 452 x Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 .2012 .

Developing The numbers have been rebased to reflect Chile‘s membership of the OECD. including three of the ten water & sewerage companies. especially via its annual conference. The size of the sector continues to grow In 1999. The increase reflects continued activity in China and new information becoming available about contracts held and how they have developed. which throws more light on the emergence of local players. In 1999. Four new company entries have been made in this edition. reflecting slower activity in Sub-Saharan Africa and a further upgrade for China. Asia Water Technologies of Singapore was acquired by Shanghai Industrial Holdings. as are the triennial World Water Forums. Two of the three departed companies come from developed countries. Agbar has been bought out by Suez Environnement and Mediterranean delle Acque by IREN. two in the USA (with Carlyle set to acquire Park Water). This edition marks the beginning of the fourth cycle of the ‗new series‘ covering Europe. in both cases as part of a long term process. even after being split into its current bi-annual reporting cycle.Advanced developing . The Stockholm and Singapore water weeks are another valuable source of information. The trend away from OECD countries continues. two in France. growing to 12% in 2009 and is estimated at 13% in 2011. Company changes 21 companies are held by what are essentially financial investors. With at least 909million people served this is an increase of 47million from the previous edition. 86% of companies covered were based in the OECD compared with 49% in 2011. a downward adjustment of 10million on the forecast made in 2009. By 2006. stability is the key. Africa and the Middle East and continues to benefit from new information sources. Our revised forecast for the extent of PSP in 2015 is 1. Companies covered 1999 13 73 63 5 5 2001 16 87 73 11 3 2003 18 103 75 14 14 2005 28 128 81 28 19 2007 27 146 81 45 20 2008 28 151 85 45 21 2009 29 159 85 52 22 2010 30 166 83 55 24 2011 31 167 83 60 24 th Number of countries Number of companies . Some companies have changed hands between private equity investors while for others.192million. with at least eight new entries for 2012 already in the pipeline.OECD countries . 5% of the world‘s population was served to some extent by the private sector. especially for smaller companies. two from Europe and two from the BRICs. Global Water Intelligence continues to evolve as a source of information. The overall forecast is maintained at of 16% the population by 2015 and it has been maintained at 21% for 2025. xi Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 . Looking at these deals. This counts as a trend. Canadian companies have bought stakes in two English water only companies and three US regulated water utilities on top of the four Chilean companies already held.INTRODUCTION INTRODUCTION This is the 13 edition of the Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook and thanks to the onward march of new companies across the world the tome continues to grow in substance.2012 . this had increased to 10% of the world‘s population. as Macquarie has pointed out. World Bank data has been especially useful in identifying companies that are usually out of the public eye. one in Russia and ten in the UK (with Cambridge Water and Bristol Water going to Canadian and American investors respectively. it currently intends to hold onto Thames water ‗for decades‘. five in Chile.

BRICs and mortar The rise of the Chinese market has been noted for some years. which reflects the mood of uncertainty in all markets. the more comparators the better. the ‗Big Five‘ are no more. Beijing Capital and Beijing Enterprises Water account for 59million and Chongqing Water Group is set to account for at least a further 30million.INTRODUCTION The recession is making an impact. As with populations and shareholdings.6 58.1 27.6 398. Their influence is important locally.4 35. with 89million accounted for in Brazil. so to speak.2012 . With Agbar absorbed into Suez and SAUR and RWE continuing as shadows of their former global aspirations. Each year.000 people per contract.0 68.9 Both 0. with an average of 309. their market share in population terms has fallen from a peak of 73% in 2001 to 31% by the end of 2011.0 0. with 250million people served between them.0 95. some 27% of the global market.9 257.025 contracts covered in the Envisager database that relate to companies with full entries in the Yearbook cover 730million people with an average of 712. 2011 looks like being a lot quieter. Indeed.9 172. accounted for 28% of the market in 2003.3 195.0 And the ‘Big Five’ take their bow The entire nature of the market has changed over the past half decade. while Shanghai Industrial.2 WW 0. It is interesting to see that people covered by new PSP contracts per annum fell from their 2003-08 range of 46-70million to 30million in 2009 and revived to 51million in 2010. we have identified a further 121 companies active in the sector against 97 in 2009.000 people per contract. Contract awards . Meanwhile FCC‘s Aqualia serves 28million people worldwide and SABESP 26million and rising. but the data for the top 18 is improving and as any regulator will assure you. strict comparisons are difficult. This is compared with 59million people covered by the 191 contracts held by the secondary companies. the gap in average contract size has narrowed.% of population served for water and / or sewerage 1985-89 17% 38% 46% 1990-94 38% 0% 61% 1995-99 37% 13% 50% 2000-04 45% 12% 43% 2005-09 49% 15% 36% 2010-11 52% 7% 42% Total 43% 14% 44% National – Total Regional – Total International – Total Along with identifying many new players (especially using World Bank data and comparing it with our existing databases) some studies by the World Bank have highlighted both the xii Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 .4 67.7 96.1 15.0 116. but more marginal on a global scale. It is now timely to consider the BRICs as these four countries account for 44% of the global market in population terms. against 3% in 2011.0 4. the other three. A new measure has been adopted to look at leading water companies – the volume of water and wastewater treated or distributed.2 20.0 4. People served in the BRIC countries by contract award year (million) BRICs 1985-89 1990-94 1995-99 2000-04 2005-09 2010-11 Total Contracts 0 8 49 167 345 66 630 Water 0. The 1.1 69. India and Russia. The ‗big two‘ have consolidated their position remain the clear market leaders. Along with more companies meriting an entry.

The great challenge is to integrate them within the formal services to boost the level of people with adequate water and sanitation services at affordable prices. It is to be hoped that a new pragmatism will emerge over the next four years. 2008 and 2010). save water to cut heating bills (heating water often accounts for 50% of household electricity) is a rather telling way of encouraging demand management. which both will be launched in March 2012. to replace the well-intentioned ‗targetism‘ of the water and sanitation Millennium Development Goals. Africa and the Middle East in 2005. compared with 3-8% for telecoms. 2007 and 2009 and Asia and the Americas in 2006. were either cancelled or in distress in 2010. Dr David Lloyd Owen October 2011 th th xiii Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 . and has been in the 29-37% range since 2005. the definition of a slum often involves lack of access to water and / or sanitation. Taking the Yearbook forward The task of assembling each edition of this Yearbook provides a mass of new insights into the market and its modus operandi. Currently. especially the belated realisation that while water bills may be low. The author is responsible for any errors and omissions that may occur in this Yearbook. Interesting themes have gained prominence this year. So. or 33% of contracts (in terms of total investment). with a cool and hard desire for universal access at a given date. contracts involving 73million people have ended. The ‗water is free – anti PSP‘ lobby continues to plough its own peculiar furrow but its message is becoming more strident and less coherent. According to the World Bank 63 out of 731 contracts identified. This is in danger of being self-perpetuating. Still a contentious sector to operate in Since 1997. He is thus grateful for any feedback and suggestions so that future editions can rectify them and more closely reflect the needs of its readers. Each edition gets closer to its goal of providing a true and fair view about the markets and companies that serve them and this year has been particularly productive in gaining an insight into lesser known players in Asia and Latin America.2012 . electricity bills are pretty high. such as water vendors. electricity and transport in 2010. the fourth cycle of which continues this year. This feedback lay behind the splitting of the Yearbook into its current format in 2005 (Europe. Even taking into account the 8million where the contracts expired at the end of their allotted span. albeit better than the 9% level in 2006. this is 8% of all identified contracts and represents a high attrition rate. No real themes are emerging in the run up to the 6 World Water Forum in Marseille and 4 World Water Assessment.INTRODUCTION emergence and the extent of formal small players (those providing new investment and services) and informal operators. The latter exist because there is nothing being provided by the incumbent utilities. and the link needs to be broken along with the realisation that no urban dweller ought to be beyond household access to piped water and a fully functioning sanitation system.

Company entries The company entries provide a description of how each company became involved in the sector and its overall strategies. while a figure in excess of 40% points to genuine scarcity. entering rivers. this refers to water that is in an abstractable form. when known. has only been used in the USA. Country entries Population and economic data is given in order to provide an indication of demographic trends and the current state of economic development. Company A has three contracts: the first (City X) is for 1million people and is for water only. international contracts are tabulated to show [1] year of contract award. Where reference is made to specific data.2012 . For surface water. streams and lakes whether through rainfall or rivers in neighbouring countries. 2million for sewerage and 3million for all services. The two tables containing information about companies and contracts in each country aim to provide access to company entries. For example. it is mentioned in the country entry. The surface water and groundwater data boxes outline how much water is available in each country on an annual basis. For groundwater. "Part 3: Company Analysis" covers companies providing these services that are wholly or partly in the private sector. with some exceptions in China. the sum of the water and sewerage numbers are not always the same as the total served figure given. [2] city/region. While the company contact details are as up-to-date as possible. and senior management) and details about water and wastewater services in their home and international markets. England & Wales and Chile. "Part 1: The World of Water" takes a look at trends noted in water and wastewater services worldwide over the past 12 months and considers how these are set to evolve. the second (City Y) is for 1million and is for sewerage only and the third (City Z) is for water and sewerage. along with how much is currently being taken out. Wherever possible. The Appendices make up the final part and provide background data about the sector. Definitions – privatisation and the private sector Privatisation is used to mean an asset sale (or developing the assets from scratch) which. water availability relates to the annual natural recharge of water into waterbearing rocks. the TLAs (triple letter acronyms) PSP (private sector participation) or PPP xiv Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 . This is because the number of people served in different contracts may be for different services. the turnover in senior management seen in the sector means that sometimes names change between documents such as Annual Reports being published. a range of global and regional overviews have been used for compiling the common data entries. [3] contract type and duration and [4] population served and service provided. along newly identified companies in Asia and the Americas. firstly the major international players and then companies based in Europe and the EMNA region. any country that takes more than 25% of these renewable resources is likely to be facing at least regional water shortages. In addition. The former outlines the size of the potential market. a profit & loss account is provided along with contact data (company address. Generally. Details can be found in the References section in the Appendices. Otherwise. main switchboard. Otherwise. Therefore the combined number of people served is 2million for water.HOW TO USE THIS BOOK HOW TO USE THIS BOOK The Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook is divided into four parts. "Part 2: Country Analysis" covers countries of interest in Asia and the Americas to those involved in providing water and wastewater services. while the latter highlights affordability issues and spending priorities. wherever possible. Making sense of the numbers It will be seen that for both company and country entries. website. a glossary of terms and abbreviations used in the Yearbook and a listing of the main references used.

xv Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 . definitions of certain terms can vary. Why numbers change from year to year Estimating numbers served is an inexact art at the best of times. the references are divided into thematic sections to provide a selection of the more pertinent publications about water and wastewater services and their political. In this book. lease (affermarge) or a concession (BOT. The expansion of the sector has hardly lessened this challenge in recent years. environmental. Wherever possible new data is used to track contracts and ensure the information is accurate. To count as the latter. but this will be reviewed in future editions. The Glossary (Appendix 4) at the back of the Yearbook provides an explanation of those examples that are to be found in this book. assisting in meeting the Millennium Development Goals and joint initiatives. Glossary The water and wastewater sectors are not immune to jargon and acronyms. Web sites are not included in this section due to their transient nature. especially the TLA. etc). Appendices Three appendices provide an overview of the drivers affecting the water and wastewater service sectors. economic and regulatory contexts. Sometimes companies vary the stated numbers served and do not explain why.200 contracts now in the Pinsent Masons Water Year Book/Envisager database. especially when it comes to accessing pages within a particular site. this gives plenty of scope for changes each year. social. As with definitions of contract types.2012 .HOW TO USE THIS BOOK (private-public partnership) are used. For example there has been a fall in the number served in France by both Veolia Environnement (Générale des Eaux) and Suez Environnement (Lyonnaise des Eaux) due to the ending of various cross holdings while the changes in Paris have yet to be translated into numbers. References As well as outlining the major studies that have provided the basis for the country data entries. the operating contract had to be of at least four years in duration and to involve either operations and management (O&M). With 1. where the private sector fits in (or does not) and pertinent issues affecting the role and responsibilities of private sector players including risk management. we have kept with the most commonly accepted definitions and those that are most likely to be of relevance to potential readers.

PART 1: THE WORLD OF WATER 2011-12 PART 1: THE WORLD OF WATER 2011-12 1 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 .2012 .

these are typically classified under the operating company‘s name and country. Looking at these companies. HSBC is acting as custodian owner of Cambridge Water. This year. CDC & AXA (France) Emerging Capital Partners (USA) JP Morgan (USA) Ontario Teachers‘ Pension Plan (Canada) Ontario Teachers‘ Pension Plan (Canada) Ontario Teachers‘ Pension Plan (Canada) South Downs (UK) Westpac (Australia) CDP Quebec (Canada)/Westpac (Australia) Saltaire Water (UK) Capstone (Canada) Alinda Infrastructure Fund (USA) Alpha (Russia) [1] Companies held by private equity houses and banks: As these are financial rather than operating holdings. following its divestment by CKI prior to being sold to a third party. with one company (SmVaK of the Czech Republic) being sold by its private investor to a listed company (FCC of Spain). HSBC in turn sold Cambridge Water to South Staffordshire Water which is held by the Alinda Infrastructure Fund of the USA. while Asia Water Technologies has been bought by Shanghai Water Industries and Mediterranean delle Acque (Italy) has been absorbed into IREN. In addition. In addition. three due to new information being available. Of the 21 companies held by finance houses. one each in Spain the Netherlands. 2009-2011 There are four new company entries in this edition. two are in France. eight or nine new entries are already anticipated for next Year‘s edition. five in Chile and nine in the UK (with two more set to join them). They are all joining our coverage as a result of improved information about their activities. Three companies have left. the first such exit noted to date. two due to their moving into the sector and two which are being spun off by their parent companies. including four of the ten water & sewerage companies. 18 are either asset owning or quasi-asset owning (some of the Chilean companies). Agbar has been absorbed by Suez Environnement top the extent that it no longer merits a separate entry.PART 1: THE WORLD OF WATER 2011-12 THE WORLD OF WATER 2011-12 CORPORATE CHANGES. Water operating subsidiaries Operating Company Aqualia (Spain) Bristol Water (UK) Parent Company(s) FCC (Spain) Agbar (Spain)/Suez Environnement (France) 2 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . A number of new minor players have also been noted. Financial sector parent companies [1] Operating Company Utilities Inc (USA) Park Water (USA) South Staffs Water (UK) ESSCO (Chile) ESVAL (Chile) East Surrey Water (UK) Aquarion (USA) Thames Water (UK) AWG (UK) SAUR (France) Fingestion (France) Southern Water (UK) ESSEL (Chile) ESSBIO (Chile) ANSM (Chile) Portsmouth Water (UK) Mid Kent Water (UK) South East Water (UK) Kelda Group (UK) Bristol Water (UK) Cambridge Water (UK) Rosvodokanal (Russia) Private Equity / Bank AIG (USA) Carlyle Group (USA) Alinda Infrastructure Fund (USA) Aguas Neuvas (Chile) Ontario Teachers‘ Pension Plan (Canada) Deutsche Bank (Germany) Macquarie (Australia) Macquarie (Australia) Osprey Acquisitions (Canada) Séché Environnement. Russia and Brazil. SAUR may follow in the medium term. No companies have left this year. as Séché Environnement (a French waste management company) has the option to buy out its private equity partners at an appropriate date. This is a net increase of eight since 2006. one in Russia. Bouygues‘ African activities (Fingestion) were acquired by a specialist infrastructure fund and HSBC took over Cambridge Water from Hong Kong‘s CKI to allow the latter to acquire Northumbrian Water. two in the USA. where information and/or the contracts involved are too small to merit a formal company entry.

the wholesale cost of electricity rose by 9. debates about water metering can miss the point when people are not overly worried about their bills. average domestic electricity bills rising by between 38. In contrast. There is an irony here. even more so when water is seen as a natural monopoly and the electricity market as fully liberalised.PART 1: THE WORLD OF WATER 2011-12 Operating Company Agbar (Spain) Northumbrian Water (UK) Aguas Andinas (Chile) Cascal (UK) AECOM Water (USA) EMC (USA) Ondeo / Lyonnaise des Eaux SmVaK (Czech Republic) Veolia Water / Générale des Eaux Wessex Water (UK) Major corporate changes since 2010 New Entries Abengoa (Spain) Kardan NV (Netherlands) Rosvodokanal (Russia) Solvi (Brazil) Companies Removed Agbar (Spain) Asia Water Technologies (Singapore) Mediterranean delle Acque (Italy) Name Changes Bouygues (France) Biwater Plc (UK) Asia Environment (Singapore) Bio-Treat (Singapore) Forthcoming Entries SMN Power (Oman) Corix (Canada) Algonquin Power (Canada) Epcor (Canada) Moya Asia (Singapore) Bristol Water (UK) Cambridge Water (UK) Park Water (USA) Calapan Waterworks (Philippines) LEARNING FROM OTHER UTILITIES Parent Company(s) Suez Environnement (France) Cheung Kong Holdings (China) Suez Environnement (France) SembCorp (Singapore) AECOM (USA) American Water Works (USA) Suez Environnement (France) FCC (Spain) Veolia Environnement (France) YTL Holdings (Malaysia) Contracts identified Contracts identified Improved corporate information Aguas do Amazonas concession Absorbed into Suez Environnement (France) Acquired by Shanghai Industrial (China) Absorbed into IREN (Italy) Fingestion (France/USA) Biwater Holdings Ltd (UK) Ciena Enterprises (Singapore) HanKore (Singapore) IPO underway Move into USA regulated operations Move into USA regulated operations Move into USA regulated operations Indonesian BOT Sale by Agbar to Capstone Sale by CKI to South Staffordshire Acquisition by the Carlyle Group Calapan Ventures IPO The era of the multi utility is by and large over.4% since the start of 2008. Perhaps this is a useful time to learn from other utilities. In the UK. given the politicians and activists who believe that water ought to be free while there is no debate about electricity being a gift from God. average water and sewerage customer bills in England and Wales fell by 0. Energy and mobile telecoms have a lot to teach us in both day to day management and the grander imperatives of policy setting. Ofgem estimates that June 2007 and June 2011. The water-energy nexus [1]: Ignorance is domestic bliss? Since water bills are so small compared to other utility services.1% and 49. People do have a habit of scrutinising their gas and electricity bills and smart metering is rapidly catching on.6% in real terms between April 2008 and April 2011 and rose by 8. 3 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . In England and Wales.9% when inflation is factored in.8%.

As sludge contains recoverable energy equivalent to 130% of the energy needed to treat and dispose of it (and this may be an underestimate). A number of utilities such as Thames Water. By 2000 there were 2. By 2008. What has changed? Perhaps it is a fall in costs and a rise in opportunities. the proportion of operating costs taken up by power in fact fell from 10% to 6%. 82% of the fixed line market was shared by the two state held carriers.3 per minute in 1999 to INR1. while the shift towards urbanisation meant the proportion served in urban areas fell from 50% to 48% for water while nudging ahead from 52% to 54% for sanitation. The water-energy nexus [2]: Power costs and operating costs Rising power bills and energy demand along with more water and sewage to handle and sewage treatment standards rise is becoming a major for water and wastewater utilities. power costs accounted for 8% of the water and wastewater sector‘s operating costs in England and Wales. Competition benefited with the third and fourth network licences being awarded in 2003 and licensing systems and roaming charges liberalised from 2005. Smart metering for hot water use is at the trial stage right now and could become quite significant as time goes by. the opposite has happened for mobile communications. Population growth restricted the rise in percentage terms to 20% to 22% for water and 25% to 31% for sanitation. but by 2009-10 this had risen to 13%. for sewage treatment. USD34. By the end of 2010. The next challenge will be to extent these savings across the networks. compared with their 22% share of mobile telecom subscribers. Mobile tariffs fell from INR15. Severn Trent and Glas Cymru have gone some way towards sludge-to-energy works. this has the potential to join smart metering for hot water as an idea which has found its time.0 by 2006.0million mobile subscribers and 26. The development of mobile communications shows that stasis need not be the norm. While fixed wire remains mainly under public control. In March 2006.6billion was spent on telecommunications projects in India by the private sector between 2004 and 2008. they rose from 27% to 38% and from sewerage they rose from 14% to 24%.5million.9billion was invested as network capacity was cranked up and the average subscriber base was 302. clothes and dishes. In 2003-04. According to the World Bank. This works out at USD110 for each subscriber gained during those years or USD33 for each subscriber served during 2008 when USD9. when it came to sludge treatment and disposal. In many cases. Mobile communications [1] Lessons from India In 2000 208million people in India had water piped to their homes and 261million had improved sanitation. Looking at sewerage and sewage treatment.5million fixed wire subscribers. 4 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . along with boiling water for beverages and cooking can account for more than half of a domestic electricity bill. Interestingly. heating water for washing people. the state held carriers accounted for 83% of the fixed wire subscribers. but just 12% of the mobile subscribers. and the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India has overseen the liberalisation of India‘s telecoms.PART 1: THE WORLD OF WATER 2011-12 The water—energy nexus kicks in when people realise how much domestic energy is consumed by heating water. the fixed line service had eased back to 36million by the end of 2010 while there are 63 mobile phones per 100 people. having peaked at 42million lines in 2004. Since 1997. Currently. The fall for sludge disposal reflects the start of a push into sludge to energy. 260million people had piped water and 366million improved sanitation. the proportion of direct costs accounted for by power rose from 19% to 25% during this period. Northumbrian Water.

data is for March) Global Water Intelligence estimates that spending on India‘s municipal water services was USD1.14). When the World Bank carried out a survey in Kenya‘s three largest cities in 2000. they found that 56% of respondents put water as their chief development priority against 11% for electricity and 9% for sanitation and sewerage. a privately operated water 5 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . In cities surveyed by the ADB in 2007. transport their crops and ensure they have accurate information about commodity prices.57 even before a call was made.200 (USD350) in 2004 to KES999 (USD12) in 2010. but excessive tariff rises are quickly seen as unfair. Kenya spent an average of USD735million pa on private sector telecoms projects in 2004-08. there were 16.46billion on wastewater and USD0. or USD3.3million subscribers. sanitation and telecoms in India 2000-10 (million connected. hardly surprising when it cost USD149 to connect to the service and a monthly subscription of USD16. The good news may be that commentators believe that mobile communications will bring improved water and sewerage services in their wake as people newly armed with access to information and the means of communicating it are challenging government officials about their inaction. people will pay a fair price for their water if they are given a chance. with up to 10% of samples failing water quality tests in 2008-09. People hold their water services in low regard. A team of Oxford-based researchers led by Tim Foster looked at the operator M-PESA‘s performance when this service was offered by the Kiamumbi Water Trust. meetings with their clients.46million to 16.7% of their monthly individual income and 52. arrange cash transfers.3million.85 on water and USD0.the cheapest mobile phones fell from KES28. and access to household piped water rising from 18% to 19%. At the start of 1999 Kenya had 5.65billion on industrial water.5% of their monthly disposable income on mobile services. Farmers use mobile phones to get access to micro-insurance. Transparency International found that in 2009 70% of households with piped water and 76% with nonhousehold water treated it by boiling and disinfecting before using it. The fair value of water is recognised irrespective of circumstances. By 2008. As with paying for mobile telecoms. or USD377 being spent per new subscriber.PART 1: THE WORLD OF WATER 2011-12 Water. This is a discretionary market. Mobile communications [2]: Returns in Kenya outweigh their costs A similar story has emerged in Kenya. the INR182 was spent each year on water and sanitation per person between 2002 and 2006 (USD4. as handset costs fell . Meanwhile access to urban safe sanitation rose from 26% to 27% between 2000 and 2008. with a further USD0. They do not see mobile phones as a luxury. Services converge. but its attraction was highlighted when ICT Africa carried out a survey of mobile telecom use in 2007-08. with three mobile operators providing water bill payment services in Kenya since 2010. when the number of subscribers rose from 2.80 on sanitation for each urban dweller. Mobile internet services have moved data transmission from text messages to detailed reports.32billion in 2008.300 mobile telecom subscribers. They found that subscribers were spending 16.

0 38.6 23. with the four noted in 2008-09 having with one exception been at (or indeed beyond) their intended expiry date.7 52.6 46.9 70.1 49.3 2.8 41. it lowers bill handling costs and gets payments in on time while all business is good business for a mobile operator.PART 1: THE WORLD OF WATER 2011-12 town serving 620 households in a small Kenyan town.2 31.6 41.0 52.4 22. 2005 saw an upsurge in business in Europe and Asia. with contracts being handed back and a cooler corporate attitude towards seeking contracts in developing economies. Such is the degree of activity noted in China. along with major contracts in for example India.5 0.7 791.2 27. 2009 shows a dip probably relating to the 2007-08 financial crisis.5 569.0 4.4 26.4 14. 93% of people living in Nairobi‘s Mashimoni slum depend on water kiosks. PSP contracts awarded by year (million people served) No 2 1 13 0 5 7 14 27 25 32 41 32 74 72 60 47 84 117 101 80 97 120 80 78 8 1217 Water 9.5 0.5 51.0 4. the cost of paying via M-PESA is half of a trip to the bank.3 422.8 2. For the utility.7 50.7 21.2 22.0 0.0 0.0 0. Contract closures have eased in recent years.7 54.9 37. which was reversed as business optimism recovered in 2010.5 33. and between its introduction in December 2010 and July 2011.5 5.5 40.6 24.3 25. All those profiting from the status quo would have opted for no change. a high rate of PSP awards in population terms has been maintained.1 50.1 43.4 23.9 15.6 35.3 16. When asked about what they would like and would pay for. 74% of customers opted to pay their bills through M-PESA. What it does not serve is those with mobiles who depend on a water kiosk.5 20. Brazil and Egypt that between 2006 and 2008.3 29. with 6% having shared connections and just 1% enjoying household access.9 26.2 22.0 0.3 0.7 Both 9. For the customer.4 1987 1988 1989 [1] 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 [2] Total [1] Sewerage privatisations in England & Wales not added to the overall year total as these areas had been served for water by the Statutory Water Companies 6 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .5 39.1 5.1 8.1 21.2 16. along with a more difficult operating climate in much of Latin America and Sub-Saharan Africa.1 29.5 2.7 42.6 42.0 44. Here 99% of subscribers already had a mobile phone.5 40. suggesting that a mighty majority are both willing and able to pay for a decent service.2 Sewage 3.6 7.6 3.0 4.6 10.5 15.4 4.5 32. Could this become another driver towards universal access? People to want access to proper water services. while 41% preferred improved yard facilities and 30% household connections.7 42.5 11.7 38.9 14.1 22. Algeria. 2011 is almost certain to reflect the currently fraught mood about finance and markets in general. NUMBER OF PEOPLE SERVED BY COUNTRY AND COMPANY Developments during 2009-11 After the dramatic setbacks noted in 2002 to 2004.5 22. while saving an average of 94 minutes in travel and queuing.7 10.4 24. 7% opted for no change and 21% wanted improved kiosks.

1 370.1 154. Cumulative total of contract awards.2 219.3 380.0 50.9 339.7 255.7 70.4 436.3 312.3 290.5 323.0 50.0 9. 1987-2010 As the above graph shows.7 316.7 604.2 81.7 207.2 361.0 55.3 169.0 3.0 50.2 75.6 307.3 231.4 244.1 734.3 59.3 55.0 430.7 791.4 98.PART 1: THE WORLD OF WATER 2011-12 [2] To the end of August 2011 Graph: PSP awards – million people per year.2 542.2 Sewerage 3.0 705.5 50.0 120.6 58. 1987-11 (million people) Water 9.6 179.4 659.8 53.2 195.4 509.0 54.6 553.6 390.3 113.6 61.8 197.4 422.5 50.7 569.4 Contracts 2 3 16 16 21 28 42 69 94 126 167 199 273 345 405 452 536 653 754 834 931 1051 1131 1209 1217 1987 1988 1989 [1] 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 [2] [1] Sewerage privatisations in England & Wales not added to the overall year total as these areas had been served for water by the Statutory Water Companies [2] To the end of August 2011 7 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .3 200.7 102.6 85.3 564.6 140.3 281.9 355.9 470.9 420. when taking into account the one to two year lead effect of contracts filtering through.0 99.7 394. overall activity in terms of the number of PSP awards and the number of people being connected to new projects is continuing to advance at a steady rate.7 483.6 532.6 785.3 268.2 147.2 79.7 Overall 9.3 110.0 9.1 69.

Water 1 1 3 0 2 3 8 13 12 12 21 10 23 23 18 13 33 46 41 27 41 35 21 18 3 428 Sewage 0 0 0 0 3 4 4 5 2 6 5 6 10 13 11 14 26 48 41 41 45 69 52 52 4 461 Both 1 1 10 0 0 0 2 9 11 14 15 16 41 36 31 20 25 23 19 12 11 16 6 8 1 328 Total 2 1 13 0 5 7 14 27 25 32 41 32 74 72 60 47 84 117 101 80 97 120 80 78 8 1217 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Total 8 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . 818 in 2007 and just 548 contracts which were identified for the 2006 edition. by year The increasing frequency of sewerage and sewage treatment contract awards since 1999 has been maintained. 1. which until 1995 were regarded as being almost exclusively the domain of companies operating in or from OECD economies. It is increasingly evident that contracts in certain countries (especially in China) are not being identified for some time after their initial award.120 in the 2010 edition. 935 in 2008. which compared with 1. Singapore. along with new data sources becoming available. 1. either from new contract awards or contracts which had not previously been identified. Shanghai and Shenzhen listed companies posting full annual reports and regulatory updates continue to make a material impression here. 87 new contract entries were made. This has also been reflected by an increasing tendency for local companies to gain these contracts.PART 1: THE WORLD OF WATER 2011-12 At the time of writing.217 contracts had been identified. Frequency of contract awards.056 in the 2009 edition. The number of Hong Kong.

62 1.38 1.11 1.50 13.42 1.40 0.35 2.37 9 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 .00 0.60 1.05 0.00 1.50 0.25 3.06 1.13 1.00 0.00 0.77 2.53 2.50 4.00 0.54 1.44 Sewage 0.18 1.71 1.43 0.70 2.68 2.98 2.83 1.77 1.00 2.88 1.00 0.91 1.20 1.84 2.22 3.24 1.00 0.00 0.PART 1: THE WORLD OF WATER 2011-12 Graph: Contract awards by type (% of total) by year – 1987-2010 Graph: Contract award by type (awards per year .00 11.1987-10) Average size of contract awards (millions of people) Water 9.00 0.41 Both 9.

83 0.48 1. the gap has eased since 1998.69 4. World Bank data .92 6. The average contract size has diminished since the 1990s. underlining the development of local.worldbank. which with the exception of Manila Water.03 2. have had their share of eventful moments.65 0.64 0. Wastewater contracts tend to be smaller.92 Both 1.21 1.46 0. Overview of World Bank water & sewerage PSP lending.30 3.aspx?sectorID=4. with the move away from mega-contracts to more local and possibly less contentious contracts. Even so.23 4.41 Graph: Average size of contract awards (millions of people) The volume of contracts remains high.24 2.86 0. 1993. small scale contract awards.96 0.70 2. reflecting their perceived lower priority. serving at least 10million people and a partial year of data.17 0.24 1.39 0.PART 1: THE WORLD OF WATER 2011-12 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Total Water 1. Wastewater only contracts continue to be scarcer. due to a number of major bulk water contracts as well as sewerage services being less extensive than water provision services at the start of a typical privatisation.96 2. 1996 and 1997 for example are now remembered for Buenos Aires.57 0.71 1.50 1. 1990 to 2010 Number of countries with private participation Projects reaching financial closure Region with largest investment share Type of PPI with largest share in investment Type of PPI with largest share in projects 62 731 East Asia & Pacific (47%) Concessions (62%) Greenfield projects (42%) 10 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .94 0. especially for water. Data in this section is adapted from this report which is available on: http://ppi.49 0.org/explore/ppi_exploreSector.Where the money goes in the developing world The World Bank‘s PPIAF 2011 water & sanitation sector review covers loans for contracts in developing economies between 1990 and 2010.58 0.24 0.49 0.88 4. Manila and Jakarta respectively.04 1. The jump in 2010 reflects the impact of the IPO of China‘s Chongqing Water Group (15million people currently served) and the Mexico City wastewater treatment concession.39 5.33 Sewage 0.

Cancelled or under distress projects and investment by region (USDmillion) Region East Asia and Pacific Europe and Central Asia Latin America & Caribbean Middle East and North Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Total Projects 29 2 28 1 3 63 Total Investment 11. Investment in projects by region and year of investment (USDmillion) Year of Investment 1991 1992 East Asia & Pacific 0 284 Europe & Cent Asia 0 0 Latin America 75 0 11 MENA South Asia 0 0 0 0 SubSaharan Africa 0 0 Total 75 284 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .849 The distress count has risen in Latin America with 29 projects against 25 in the previous year‘s survey. below the 34% level in 2009.600 8 9. however. Projects classified as being closed in Europe and Central Asia fell from 61 to 44 between the 2008 and 2010 surveys. Telecoms (3%) and Transport (8%). While the quality of the World Bank‘s overall water and sewerage lending portfolio has improved in recent years (see the Appendices). with a recent shift away from Latin America to East Asia and a constant level of activity for Eastern Europe and Central Asia.016 0 9 20.PART 1: THE WORLD OF WATER 2011-12 Projects cancelled or under distress 63 representing 33% of total investment The distress level of 33% (29% in the 2008 survey) compares poorly with Electricity (8%). It is. Two projects were cancelled in Argentina and three in Ecuador were classified as in distress. problems in South East Asia and Latin America are reflected in the very high rate of funding covered by projects either cancelled or under distress. Number of projects by region and year of financial closure Financial closure 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Total East Asia & Pacific 0 1 3 4 4 5 14 13 7 13 13 20 26 31 46 45 62 47 32 15 402 Europe & Cent Asia 0 0 1 0 1 3 0 1 1 6 3 2 9 4 6 5 2 1 0 0 44 Latin America 1 3 6 10 10 15 22 16 21 20 17 20 8 21 6 3 7 8 3 7 224 MENA South Asia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 5 2 1 1 13 SubSaharan Africa 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 5 1 4 2 1 0 1 2 2 2 0 0 26 Total 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 2 0 0 1 1 0 4 0 3 5 2 2 22 2 6 11 14 16 25 36 31 36 41 38 45 45 57 64 55 81 65 38 25 731 The number of projects invested in year by year has eased upwards.

333 62. but does in financial terms below.543 In contrast to the number of projects.646 2.481 2.304 9. actual funding mobilised through these projects has not recovered to the levels disbursed between 1993 and 2000.772 SubSaharan Africa 0 0 0 20 0 0 82 31 3 0 9 0 0 0 121 0 0 0 266 Total 6.143 1.162 190 713 422 834 16 1.494 4. having been pretty steady since 1996.293 192 1.845 1.066 673 934 697 3.071 525 1.229 2.426 2.341 1. In terms of contracts awarded each year.902 974 539 635 28.132 1.346 1.033 943 273 4. although above the 2001-02 low.933 1.128 24.860 1.327 6.276 6. Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 12 .966 2.558 821 520 149 8.147 1.982 2.011 2.372 7.629 1.968 Europe & Cent Asia 0 0 0 942 0 108 6 268 0 8 324 241 440 740 609 102 0 0 3. There has been an evident shift away from divestitures since the move in Chile away from outright privatisations to concessions from 2000.600 3. numbers have recently declined. Number of projects by type of private participation Financial closure year 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Total Concession 1 2 6 8 9 7 15 18 12 31 13 26 13 31 18 16 26 17 8 8 285 Divestiture 0 0 1 0 2 1 2 1 7 1 1 2 1 0 0 2 5 2 1 0 28 Greenfield Project 0 2 3 5 3 10 9 10 8 4 12 8 21 22 35 30 43 42 26 16 309 Management & Lease Contract 1 2 1 1 2 7 10 2 9 5 12 9 10 4 11 8 7 4 3 1 109 Total 2 6 11 14 16 25 36 31 36 41 38 45 45 57 64 55 81 65 35 25 731 The revised figures indicate that 13 new concessions awarded between 1991 and 2008 have been identified and added as well as three divestitures. The Chongqing Water Group stake sale does not feature in the official table for numbers. but they have not gone away as seen by the renewed activity in 2006-09.589 1.PART 1: THE WORLD OF WATER 2011-12 Year of Investment 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Total East Asia & Pacific 2.751 MENA South Asia 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 111 0 0 142 76 24 0 355 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 169 0 510 0 230 874 1.165 604 296 1.419 570 3.823 1.781 Latin America 4.

364 7. with funding flows stemming from contracts awarded by 2000.046 1. and has had a peripheral impact in recent years.125 333 385 347 617 638 232 554 1.629 1.843 1.546 1.334 Management & Lease Contract 0 0 0 0 3 20 0 0 27 7 17 1 92 20 460 572 176 0 1 0 1. Number of projects by region and type Region East Asia and Pacific Europe and Central Asia Latin America M East & North Africa South Asia Sub-Saharan Africa Grand Total Concession 134 9 130 0 3 2 278 Divestiture 12 8 12 0 0 0 32 Greenfield Project 224 7 44 11 4 2 292 Management & Lease Contract 14 30 31 9 5 22 111 Total 384 54 217 20 12 26 713 Management type contracts have been most popular in Sub-Saharan Africa.426 2. typically directed towards rehabilitating infrastructure.370 697 1.744 1.333 62.396 Total 75 284 6.813 1. In relative terms.222 1. Likewise.494 4. They are designed to serve companies seeking to operate in a newly designated zone and provide housing for staff attracted to these companies.646 2.136 1.346 1.392 1.345 825 152 255 38.134 1.324 423 1. chiefly because of the difficulties in attracting full project funding there. but from a low base and as peripheral sources of funding.PART 1: THE WORLD OF WATER 2011-12 Investment in projects by type of private participation (USDmillion) Year of Investment 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Total Concession 75 284 6.563 122 9. it is the Greenfield and management & lease contracts that have made the most progress in recent years.966 2. The divestiture segment has been dominated by Chile.138 989 804 3. management and lease contracts are chiefly concerned with mobilising capabilities rather than funding.543 Greenfield projects are less contentious than many as they do not directly affect people living there at the time. 13 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .563 14.410 Greenfield Project 0 0 164 380 228 1.304 9.481 2.860 1.211 1.997 2. This is particularly the case in China for Greenfield projects.307 451 50 323 43 210 0 383 514 290 6 516 7.327 6. the management and lease contract is operated separately from funding. strongly concurring with the author‘s observations.900 Divestiture 0 0 0 0 20 36 499 266 4.676 1. especially the major cities.838 1. In Europe and Central Asia.465 966 1. Concession and Greenfield contracts have been focussed on East Asia and Latin America.682 6.599 3.

543 The amount committed to Greenfield projects in the MENA region has nearly doubled. Europe has been marked by a big fall in concessions but a rise in management and lease contracts.334 Management & lease contract 126 1. The shift (so to speak) towards sewerage is most pronounced in the treatment plant sector.205 4 0 2 57 1.381 0 0 0 7.319 10.784 631 15. partly due to the problems of gaining public support for projects where the benefits for extra costs cannot be directly discerned as with water provision projects.097 435 6. the more politically contentious a project tends to be.914 29.900 1. at least in part reflecting the latter‘s better risk profile. 2009-11 (million people served) The table below summarises all contract awards identified by the author which have been awarded between the start of 2009 and September 2011.130 174 2. Growth in concessions is appreciably slower than for treatment plants.772 355 266 62. At the same time.PART 1: THE WORLD OF WATER 2011-12 Investment in projects by region and type (USDmillion) Region Concession Divestiture Greenfield project 5. indicating the impact of recent projects areas such as in Egypt and Algeria. Contract awards.543 Total Treatment plant Utility Total Utility Water Transfer System Grand Total Water and sewerage projects dominate in terms of funding mobilised because of a series of major projects in Asia and Latin America such as Santiago and Manila which were intended to cover the comprehensive rehabilitation and extension of a major city‘s water and sewerage services.617 3. These are the two regions which are currently set to fail to reach the Millennium Development Goals. 14 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .926 31.781 24. Funding by sectoral activity Subsector Treatment plant Segment Potable water & sewerage treatment plant Potable water treatment plant Sewerage treatment plant Sewerage collection Sewerage collection and treatment Water utility with sewerage Water utility without sewerage Project Count 12 136 267 398 2 11 231 70 314 3 731 Total Investment 292 8.981 45.400 2. even where these contracts (especially in China) may serve domestic clients at a later date. Sewerage and sewage treatment projects remain the least popular.772 245 133 14.013 62.396 Total East Asia and Pacific Europe and Central Asia Latin America M East & North Africa South Asia Sub-Saharan Africa Total 22.751 3.584 6.510 3.255 15. The lack of funding for projects in Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia is telling.510 1. a near halving in the overall funds associated with management and lease contracts highlights how these have been decoupled from project funding.300 0 108 76 38. The list excludes contract awards that serve industrial clients alone.065 3. whereby the more contact with the customer.

500 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .000 0.200 0.150 0.400 0.150 0. Hunan Mianyang. Jiangxi Yanshan.000 WW 0.000 0.000 0.000 0. Hunan Chengdu.500 0.000 0.000 0.340 0.000 0.150 0.000 0.500 0.120 0.000 0. Shandong Long County Fenyi.210 0.050 0.500 0.000 0.050 0.125 0.000 0.000 0.150 0. Sichuan Qingbaijiang. Sichuan Nansha. Hunan Shangli.000 0.600 0.500 0.000 0.250 0.002 0.200 0.200 0.040 0.022 0.083 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.250 0. Sichuan Foshan.000 0.040 0.750 0. Yunan Guizhou.PART 1: THE WORLD OF WATER 2011-12 Year 2009 2009 2009 2009 2009 2009 2009 2009 2009 2009 2009 2009 2009 2009 2009 2009 2009 2009 2009 2009 2009 2009 2009 2009 2009 2009 2009 2009 2009 2009 2009 2009 2009 2009 2009 2009 2009 2009 2009 2009 2009 2009 2009 2009 2009 2009 2009 2009 2009 2009 2009 2009 2009 2009 Country Algeria Antigua Australia Australia Australia Australia Brazil Brazil Brazil Brazil China China China China China China China China China China China China China China China China China China China China China China China China China China China China China China China China China China China China China China China China China China China China Location Magtaa Antigua Berri Barmera Waikerie Melbourne Adelaide Alta Floresta Colider Pontes de Lacerda Aracoiaba Yueyang. Guangxi Huangyan.000 0.000 0.004 0.000 1.150 0.000 0.050 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.050 0. Hunan Zhongye Jinan 4.075 0.000 0.000 0. Yunan Hezhou.125 0.100 0.000 0.000 0.500 0.000 0.000 0. Guangdong Guangzhou Guizhou.400 0.120 0.022 0.250 0.250 0.000 0.150 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.075 0.250 0. Jiangxi Wannian.250 0.000 0.100 0.120 0. Sichuan Yongzhou.475 0.000 0.000 0.150 0. Hunan Yongzhou.000 0. Guiyang Qiqihar Shuangliu.000 0.055 0.030 0.030 0. Shaanxi Contract Company Hyflux Sembcorp (Cascal) Mitsubishi Mitsubishi Suez Environnement Acciona Agua Cab Ambiental Cab Ambiental Cab Ambiental Grupo Aguas do Brasil Asia Environment Holdings Beijing Enterprises Water Group Ltd Beijing Enterprises Water Group Ltd Beijing Enterprises Water Group Ltd Beijing Enterprises Water Group Ltd Beijing Enterprises Water Group Ltd Beijing Enterprises Water Group Ltd Beijing Enterprises Water Group Ltd Beijing Enterprises Water Group Ltd Beijing Enterprises Water Group Ltd Beijing Enterprises Water Group Ltd Beijing Enterprises Water Group Ltd Beijing Enterprises Water Group Ltd Beijing Enterprises Water Group Ltd Beijing Enterprises Water Group Ltd Beijing Enterprises Water Group Ltd Beijing Enterprises Water Group Ltd Beijing Enterprises Water Group Ltd Beijing Enterprises Water Group Ltd Beijing Enterprises Water Group Ltd Beijing Enterprises Water Group Ltd China Everbright International China Everbright International China Water Affairs China Water Affairs China Water Affairs China Water Affairs China Water Affairs Han's Technologies Kardan Water International Group Kardan Water International Group Kardan Water International Group Kardan Water International Group Kardan Water International Group Kardan Water International Group Puncak Niaga Sound Global Sound Global Sound Global Sound Global Sound Global Sound Global Sound Global Sound Global 15 Water 1.100 0.000 0. Chengdu Qingzhen. Yunnan Shandong Huantai Shandong Soshan Tianjin Baodai Tianjin Dagang Tianjin Jinnan Tianjin Tanggu Luancheng Anyang Fushun Guangxi Hancheng Jianguyan Shangluo Xian.000 0.650 0.050 0. Shaanxi Xian.350 0.100 0.000 0. Zhejiang Jinzhou.020 0. Jiangxi Zanyi. Hunan Yongzhou. Guangzhou Pengzhou.040 0. Jiangxi Ningxiang.150 0.000 0. Liaoning Leiyang.000 0.

018 0. Liaoning Kunming.200 0.000 0.000 0.250 0.055 0.200 0.200 0.100 1.850 0. Jiangsu Guigang.250 0.000 0.075 0.000 0.080 0.000 0.000 3. Chongqing Limassol New Cairo Bhavnagar Naya Aspem (Varese) Tyr Sour El Realito Ciudad Juárez Guadalajara Budva Taboada Borracay Laguna Doha South Varinger Taoyuan Andradina Castihlo Piquete Blumenau Sao Paulo Tortola Taizhou.000 0.018 0.000 0.440 0.000 0.610 0.300 0. Jiangsu Yueli.000 0.000 0.000 0.080 3.024 0.000 1.055 0.000 0.250 0.050 0.050 0.050 0.000 0.000 1.000 0.075 0.060 0.000 0.000 0.150 0.000 0.610 0.500 0.000 0.000 0.000 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .000 0. Shandong Jinan.000 0.000 0.000 0.014 0.000 0. Hubei Wuhan.100 0.200 0. Liaoning Jinzhou. Jiangxi Contract Company Sound Global Suez Environnement Zhongshan Public Utilities Asia Environment Holdings Beijing BCEG Beijing Enterprises Water Group Ltd Han's Technologies Metronic Suez Environnement Suez Environnement EVN Aqualia Jindal Aquasource Jindal Aquasource A2A Veolia Environnement Aqualia/ICA Degrémont /Sumitomo Mitsui EVN ACS Cobra-Tedagua Manila Water Manila Water Veolia Water Energie Darco Cab Ambiental Cab Ambiental Cab Ambiental Obrecht Engenharia Ambiental OHL Biwater Asia Water Technology Asia Water Technology Asia Water Technology Asia Water Technology Asia Water Technology Beijing Enterprises Water Group Ltd Beijing Enterprises Water Group Ltd Beijing Enterprises Water Group Ltd Beijing Enterprises Water Group Ltd Beijing Enterprises Water Group Ltd Beijing Enterprises Water Group Ltd Beijing Enterprises Water Group Ltd Beijing Enterprises Water Group Ltd Beijing Enterprises Water Group Ltd Beijing Enterprises Water Group Ltd Beijing Enterprises Water Group Ltd Beijing Enterprises Water Group Ltd Beijing Enterprises Water Group Ltd Beijing Enterprises Water Group Ltd Berlinwasser International Changye Group China Water Affairs 16 Water 0.060 0.500 2.000 0.350 0. Fujian Jiaozhou.000 0.500 0. Shandong Jinzhou.500 0.000 0.051 0.000 0.400 WW 0. Heilongliang Shenzhen.000 0. Yunan Linxian.200 0. Hunan Mianyang.000 0.014 0.PART 1: THE WORLD OF WATER 2011-12 Year 2009 2009 2009 2009 2009 2009 2009 2009 2009 2009 2009 2009 2009 2009 2009 2009 2009 2009 2009 2009 2009 2009 2009 2009 2009 2009 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 Country China China China China China China China China China China Cyprus Egypt India India Italy Lebanon Mexico Mexico Mexico Montenegro Peru Philippines Philippines Qatar Slovenia Taiwan Brazil Brazil Brazil Brazil Brazil Br Virgin Is China China China China China China China China China China China China China China China China China China China China China China Location Yulin Suzhou Jiling. Hubei Changping.000 0.400 0.000 0. Guangdong Fuzhou. Shandong Huangshan.000 0.000 0.000 0. Guangdong Yuxi.040 0.000 0. Yunnan Pianjin Shenze Gaoan.000 0. Hubei Wuhan.000 0.100 0.000 0.250 0. Hunan Linxian.000 0.000 0. Guangxi Lufeng.000 0.000 0.500 0. Yunnan Lai An. Zhejiang Wuhan. Beijing Foshan.190 0.060 0.000 0.000 0.250 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.300 0. Anhui Kunshan.440 0. Hubei Wuhan.500 0. Anhui Suzhou.200 0. Sichuan Qi Qi Har.000 0.000 2.000 0.150 0.

Shandong Contract Company China Water Affairs China Water Affairs China Water Affairs Chongqing Water Group Chongqiqng Taixing Env Protn Hubai Keliang Bio Tech Hunan Capital Kaidan Water Affairs Kaiyuan Environmental Protection Kardan Water International Group Lianheruitong Water Shenzhen Zhujiang EP Sichuan Huajian Sound Global Sound Global Sound Global Suez Environnement Suzhou Zhongsheng Suzhou Zhongsheng United Envirotech United Runtong (Shanghai Industrial) United Runtong (Shanghai Industrial) United Runtong (Shanghai Industrial) United Runtong (Shanghai Industrial) United Runtong (Shanghai Industrial) United Runtong (Shanghai Industrial) United Runtong (Shanghai Industrial) United Runtong (Shanghai Industrial) United Runtong (Shanghai Industrial) United Runtong (Shanghai Industrial) United Runtong (Shanghai Industrial) United Runtong (Shanghai Industrial) Zhejiang Shangda EVN Energie Suez Environnement Veolia Environnement Jindal Aquasource Suez Environnement Severn Trent Response IDE Technologies Biwater Hitachi IDEAL/ICA/Atlatec/Acciona Agua Berlinwasser International Aqualia (FCC) Aqualia (FCC) Veolia Water Remondis Aqua Abengoa Suez Environnement Beijing Capital Hyflux Kardan Water International Group 17 Water 1.120 0.200 0.500 0.025 0. Shandong Donguan.000 0.250 0.200 0.025 0.125 0.000 0.120 0.200 1. Shandong Weifang.000 0.050 0.050 0. Shandong Yiyang.200 0.000 4.000 0.000 0. Guangxi Yongchuan. Hunan Zaozhuang.100 0.053 0.100 0.500 0.000 0.500 0.270 0.000 0.400 0.025 0.PART 1: THE WORLD OF WATER 2011-12 Year 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 2011 2011 2011 2011 Country China China China China China China China China China China China China China China China China China China China China China China China China China China China China China China China China China Cyprus Czech Rep.000 0.070 0.000 0.500 0. Liaoning Nantong Pingchao Nantong Shigang Liaoyang.000 WW 0.000 0.026 0.000 0.200 0.050 0.000 0.000 0.200 0.031 0.025 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.100 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.053 0.000 0.031 0.600 0.500 0.500 0.000 0. Guangdong Luohe.000 3.100 0. Guangxi Dezhou. Liaoning Beiliu.200 0.000 0.000 1. Hunan Weifang.050 0. Henan Taojiang County.580 0.000 0. Shandong Weifang.000 0.000 0.160 0.000 0.000 0. Chongqing Zhengcheng Chongqing Tongliang Zhuozhou Songlindian Shaoyang Zhangjiakou Xuanhua Hunan Yongshun Zhanjiakou Zaozhuang.000 0.000 0. Shandong Weifang.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0. Hunan Yiyang.050 10.250 0.000 0.000 0.650 0.000 0.000 0.100 0.250 1.750 0.200 0.000 0.000 0. Shandong Nngguo Gankouzhen Nicosia Rychov Bad Breisig Hong Kong Rajkot Bangalore Limerick Soreq Southern Utilities Male Atotonilco Kathmandu Cartaxo Fundao Reunion North Aezamas Djerba South Australia Pianjin Zunyi Zibo.750 12.150 0.000 0. Germany Hong Kong India India Ireland Israel Maldives Maldives Mexico Nepal Portugal Portugal Reunion Russia Tunisia Australia China China China Location Wuzhou.000 0.000 0.200 0.013 0.275 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .090 0.000 0.000 0.650 0.500 0.100 0.000 0.500 0. Shandong Zhencheng Xintang Yibin City Yangwan Fushun Luohe Yantai Dalian.000 0.000 0.

whereby a municipality is allowed to buy a private sector utility irrespective of its performance.000 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.950 0.075 0.782 In the cases of Tanzania and Bolivia.500 1.050 0. Sao Paulo Shanghai Xian Yueyang.000 6. There is some uncertainty about the exact status of the Mendoza and Aguas de Salta concessions.200 0. the contracts ended due to political pressures.500 0. In the case of Halifax.030 0.000 0.010 0. In the US. Liaoning National .110 0.400 1.000 Contract losses This is an attempt to outline all PSP awards that have been rescinded for whatever reason in recent years.000 0.558 0.400 0.178 3.500 0.000 WW 0.550 0.975 WW 0.128 0.178 13. the Allete-held utility was acquired by the municipality under ‗eminent domain‘.000 0.100 0.000 1.100 1. Suez handed back the Puerto Rico contract (which has previously been handed back by VE) after being unable to renegotiate its terms and the Bogotá wastewater treatment works contract was pulled in circumstances that still remain unclear.122 0.552 2.000 0.Pro Activa Enron Agval Suez Environnement Suez Environnement Acuasasa Tecvasa Biwater Iberdrola SAUR Bderlinwasser Latin Aguas Suez Environnement Water 1.000 1.150 0. Despite the excitable rhetoric of the anti-private sector lobbies.000 WW 0.Sewerage Bangui Nkokobe Aguas de La Rioja Binzhou.201 0.000 2. Shandong Jinan.000 0.PART 1: THE WORLD OF WATER 2011-12 Year 2011 2011 2011 2011 Country Ireland Oman Qatar Singapore Location Letterkenny PAEW Doha Singapore Contract Company Severn Trent Response Veolia Environnement Suez /Marubeni Hyflux Water 0. Hunan Nanchang.200 0.800 1.000 0.260 0.000 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . Shandong Magdalena Laguna Itu.025 0.300 3.000 0.000 0.000 0.250 2.100 0. Jiangxi 18 Company Severn Trent Suez Environnement Indah SAUR Suez Environnement Latin Aguas Cathay International Cathay International Benpres Carmargo Correa BWI (RWE/VE) Berlinwasser International Cheung Kong Infra Berlinwasser International Water 0.000 0.027 3.000 0. these contracts may end for quite prosaic reasons.000 0.000 0.750 0.000 1.100 1. Contracts ended by negotiation Start 1996 1994 1993 1991 1995 1999 1997 1997 1999 1996 1995 1997 1998 2003 End 1999 2000 2000 2001 2001 2002 2002 2002 2002 2003 2003 2003 2003 2003 Country T & Tobago China Malaysia CAR South Africa Argentina China China Philippines Brazil China China China China Contract Trinidad & Tobago Shenyang. a new contract was subsequently awarded to Suez.260 1.000 0.000 0.769 0.300 0. Contracts ended unilaterally Start 1995 1999 1997 1999 1999 2001 1997 2002 2001 2003 2000 1998 2002 1998 1995 Total End 1997 2000 2001 2002 2002 2003 2004 2004 2004 2005 2005 2009 2007 2009 2009 Country Argentina Bolivia Venezuela Argentina Venezuela Vietnam Colombia Colombia Venezuela Tanzania Uruguay Argentina Albania Argentina Hungary Contract Tucuman Cochabamba Monogas Buenos Aires Lara Ho Chi Minh Bogotá Sabanagrande Zulia Dar es Salaam Maldonado Mendoza Elbasan Aguas de Salta Pecs Company Veolia Environnement Bechtel VE/FCC .000 0.000 0. The Atlanta and Halifax contracts in the US and Canada were cancelled primarily due to political change and disputes about performance delivery.

000 3.500 0.300 0.000 0.700 0.800 0.000 0.000 0.075 0.750 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . Lezhe Kavaja Puerto Vallarta Urban Kaposvar Hermosillo 19 Company Empresa Servicios Ocana Empresa Servicios Ocana Suez Environnement Suez Environnement G Mexico de Desarrollo ACEA Gauff Ingenieure Bouygues Berlinwasser International Paz Gestao Ambiental Suez Environnement Syzranvodokanal Suez Environnement Gelsenwasser USF/Siemens Berlinwasser/Amiantit Amiantit Cascal Aguas de Portugal/Mazi Suez Environnement Grupo Protexa Water 0.025 0.000 1.200 0.070 0.000 0.300 0.Pro Activa China Water Co China Water Co Cascal SAUR Interchina Holdings Interchina Holdings Mitsui Suez Environnement - Water 0. Hebei Xalapa La Paz & El Alto - Company Hidrogesp Amiantit Macquarie Aquafin Biwater Atlatec Tribasa Suez Environnement Suez Environnement Suez Environnement Suez Environnement Grupo ACS VE/FCC .700 0.700 0.070 0.200 0.075 0.450 0.PART 1: THE WORLD OF WATER 2011-12 Start 1994 2002 1999 1991 2001 1992 1996 1999 1997 1993 1995 2000 2000 1996 1998 2000 2001 2004 2005 2004 1997 Total End 2004 2004 2004 2005 2005 2005 2005 2005 2005 2006 2006 2006 2006 2006 2006 2006 2006 2006 2006 2006 2007 - Country Brazil China Thailand Belgium Belize Mexico Mexico Mexico Philippines Argentina Argentina Argentina Argentina China China China China China China Mexico Bolivia - Contract Sao Carlos Foshan.000 0.000 2.000 0.400 32.186 0.400 1.048 2.800 0.079 0. Zhejiang Changchun.429 WW 0.740 0.000 0.000 0. Shaanxi Zhuozhou.000 0. Other concessions may be developed by the state in the medium term.500 0.079 0.000 0.000 0.500 0.500 0.200 0.450 0.100 0.000 0.000 0. Selangor is seeking to acquire various concessions back from private operators.000 0.800 1. It is understood that both Chinese contracts were exited for a profit and this was certainly the case when Severn Trent concluded fifteen years of involvement with Belgium‘s Aquafin. Sao Paulo Greater Amman Syzran Johannesburg Three Towns Cuernavaca Durrez.500 7.048 2.010 0.800 0.000 WW 0.400 0.535 0.080 0.000 0.077 0.050 0.000 0. Liaoning Shaoxing.000 0.329 Negotiations can range from the despairing (Prime Utilities) to the constructive.100 0.000 0.000 0.000 4. Guangdong Pathum Thani Flanders Belize Chihuahua Navojoa Peubla Maynilad Water Buenos Aires Santa Fe A de G Buenos Aires Catamarca Shenyang.700 1.025 0. Fier. Jilin Shanghai Xianyang.080 0.900 0.750 0.200 0.000 0.000 0.750 0.750 0.000 16.535 0.000 0. Contracts ended at their expiry Start 1994 1999 1993 1999 1992 2000 1999 2000 2002 2001 2000 2001 2001 2002 1993 2003 2004 1994 1999 1995 1994 End 1999 2001 2003 2004 2004 2005 2005 2005 2006 2006 2006 2006 2006 2007 2007 2008 2008 2008 2008 2009 2009 Country Colombia Colombia South Africa Turkey Mexico Armenia Kenya Zambia Albania Brazil Jordan Russia South Africa Kosovo Mexico Albania Albania Mexico Mozambique Hungary Mexico Contract Ocana Ocana Stutterheim ANTSU Toluca Yerevan Malindi Copper belt Elbasan Mirassol.900 0.000 0. This process had not been concluded at the time of writing.500 0.247 0.000 0.250 0.

100 7.1 55.9 23.9 7.1 0.5 50.7 23.2 1.1 72.9 5.8 7. Indeed. the contract has to have its evident charms for both parties.2 0.PART 1: THE WORLD OF WATER 2011-12 Start 1995 Total End 2011 Country Australia Contract South Australia Company Veolia Environnement Water 1.0 0.0 0.8 24. it is in effect a slice of time and for a further slice to be gained.7 0.7 1.7 20. The Yerevan and Tirana contracts have been in turn replaced by successor contracts.7 years.5 8.8 7.0 0.5 54.1 0. While contracts ending unilaterally have an average duration of 5.5 0. when it was given a three year extension to 2007 and a further one year extension after that.1 28.0 Sewerage 0.5 11. VE did tender for the new South Australia contract in 2011. The latter is affected by the number of short to medium term management contracts included.3 4. the secondary cities project for Mozambique was meant to expire in 2004.1 Sewerage 0.1 6.2 0. January 1997 to September 2011 (million people) [1] Yearly totals (million people) Year 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Total Water 1.8 1.6 17. the more contracts will reach their expiry date.7 0.2 1.1 6.0 1.3 11.7 1.2 6. Major PSP contract losses.0 6.6 [2] Cumulative total (million people) Year 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Water 1.2 Overall 1.0 0. those ending by negotiation last on average 6.6 4.109 WW 1.4 years and those at their expiry date 7.8 30.2 6.2 7.2 7.7 3.0 years.100 8.7 10.7 9.2 71.0 0.0 1.663 Remarkably.7 25.0 16.9 7.5 3.3 Overall 1.0 10. but it was gained by Suez Environnement. some contracts expire when their allotted time span has run its course.3 2. given the media coverage.0 1.9 1.2 51.1 0.5 71.9 22. This will become a more regular feature in future years as the more contracts there are.0 54.2 27.5 2.0 0.1 65.7 2.7 68.0 0.4 44.0 17.5 20 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . the more contracts will in time end and the longer PSP is in operation.1 32.1 3.5 27.6 18.2 1. Such events are a healthy reminder that a concession is not forever.3 0.2 1.1 0.8 48.0 66.4 7.7 1.

taken private Bought (twice) Taken private Bought back Taken private. 1989–2011 Company Anglian Water Dwr Cymru Welsh Water Northumbrian Water North West Water Severn Trent Water Southern Water South West Water Thames Water Wessex Water Yorkshire Water Aquafin SmVaK SABESP Prime Utilities AMGA Shanghai Industrial Suzhou New District East Water ACEA ASCM Como EYDAP Nanhai Development Beijing Capital Country UK UK UK UK UK UK UK UK UK UK Belgium Czech Rep Brazil Malaysia Italy China China Thailand Italy Italy Greece China China IPO date 1989 1989 1989 1989 1989 1989 1989 1989 1989 1989 1991 1993 1994 1994 1996 1996 1996 1997 1999 2000 2000 2000 2000 21 Current status Taken private Not for profit (Glas Cymru Cyf) Acquired.9% 4.8% 1. but it does serve as a reminder of the nature of this market. re-listed.8% 2.5% 8.8% 1.6% Overall.6% 4. taken private and again Listed (Pennon) Bought.4% 0.PART 1: THE WORLD OF WATER 2011-12 Year 2011 Water 55.3% 0.4% 0. by country.6 [3] As a percentage of the population served by contracts identified at the time Year 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Water 0.5% 7. 8% of contracts have expired in terms of populations served.7% 7. bought Listed Re-nationalised Bought by Iride (now IREN) Listed Listed Listed Listed Listed.7% 4.9% 1.4% 3.1% 2.0% 2.9% 8.2% 8.8% 4.3% 0.1 Sewerage 28.9% 1. acquired Listed (UU) Listed Bought.5% Sewerage 0. It is nothing to celebrate. merged with AGAM Listed (Athens Water) Listed Listed Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .7% 7. Water utility privatisations.3% 5.5% 7.0% 0.3% 4.0% 0.1% 3.4% 7.8% 4.3% 0.3% 5.8% Overall 0. Listed market entries since 1989 The two tables below outline those companies whose shares have been either listed following their sale by municipal (or state) holders or were previously held by private companies.6% 4.4% 3.0% 6.0% 1.0% 7.2% 7.1% 7.3 Overall 72.4% 2.4% 7. Water is and sadly will remain an inherently more attritional and irrational subject than other utilities and so the easing contract ending rate since 2006 offers some encouragement.8% 4.

LEADING COMPANIES – BY SIZE Bye-bye big three (or five) hello big two In 2002 the author declared that the acquisition of market share by the leading five companies was a ‗remorseless‘ process.3 125. 22 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . as was Veolia Environnement from Vivendi earlier in the decade.2 104.3 272.5 312.2 23.7 305. so Suez Environnement does not include Agbar except in 2011. taken private.3 29.4 12.3 280. merged with APS Listed (Thessaloniki Water) Listed Merged with AEM Listed Listed Listed Bought by Hera Listed Listed Listed Listed Listed Market listings of private water utility companies. American Water Works was spun off from RWE and Suez Environnement from GDF Suez.1 348.3 56.7 95. by country.5 117.0 490 71% 2005 104. this year will be their last in terms of a ‗top five‘. 1991–2011 Company South Staffordshire Puncak Niaga Intan Utilities Darco Water Tech Goldis Eco Water Salcon Asia Env Holdings Bio Treat Technologies Pure Cycle Cascal Thai Tap American Water Works VA Tech Wabag Country UK Malaysia Malaysia Singapore Malaysia Singapore Singapore Singapore Hong Kong USA UK Thailand USA India IPO date 1991 1997 1997 2002 2002 2003 2003 2004 2004 2004 2008 2008 2009 2010 Current status Demerged.8 565 60% 2007 100.9 13.5 13.9 67.5 34.4 909 31% Suez Veolia SAUR Agbar RWE Total Global % by above These are net of cross-holdings.9 124.2 337. sold on Listed Listed Listed Listed Listed Listed Listed.0 35.PART 1: THE WORLD OF WATER 2011-12 Company Qianjiang Water Resources Acegas EYATH Aguas Andinas ASM Brescia PBA Holdings KPS Hera Meta Modena Tallinna Vesi Manila Water Jiangxi Hongcheng COPASA Chongqing Water Group Country China Italy Greece Chile Italy Malaysia Malaysia Italy Italy Estonia Philippines China Brazil China IPO date 2000 2001 2001 2002 2002 2002 2003 2003 2003 2005 2005 2004 2006 2010 Current status Listed Listed.0 122.7 239.7 802 34% 2010 87.6 31.1 430 73% 2003 104.4 861 32% 2011 124.7 74.5 18.7 34.3 272.8 27. It is evident that when events turn against them. Cascal partly spun off from Biwater (and bought). Thai Tap was partly spun off from CK Carnchang.2 70.3 29.4 35.4 0. renamed Listed Listed Acquired by SembCorp in 2010 Listed Listed Listed During the past three years.7 681 45% 2009 90.4 12.0 350 68% 2001 94. the retreat has been equally remorseless. Indeed.2 30.6 22.4 133.1 35.4 12. People served by company (million) 1999 81.7 18.0 18.

LEADING COMPANIES – BY VOLUME While population served is the most appropriate yardstick for municipal contracts.PART 1: THE WORLD OF WATER 2011-12 While a retreat from the peak of 2002 has been an ongoing process.963 1. The high position enjoyed by American Waterworks for a company with a relatively low number people served is a reflection upon the high average water usage in the USA. Clearly it depends on data available and is therefore something of a work in progress. with full deconsolidation taking place in 2009. the splitting up of SAUR and Bouygues and the divestment of AWW. Thames Water and Thames Water International from RWE has ramped up these changes. For Shanghai.240 2. Company Veolia Environnement Suez Environnement SABESP Aguas de Barcelona American Water Works SembCorp Thames Water Guangdong Investment Shanghai Industrial FCC ACEA Severn Trent Tianjin Capital EP United Utilities Country France France Brazil Spain USA Singapore UK China China Spain Italy UK China UK Year 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010 2010-11 2010 2010 2010 2009/10 2010-11 2009 2010-11 23 th th 3 Water 9. 21. although it is evident that the comparability of data appears to be improving.800 3. especially as it will mirror new factors such as changes in industrial demand and the ability of companies to extract more value from less water. it does leave out industrial contracts and serving business parks and the such-like.519 2. Indeed. Operating data is currently unavailable for Beijing Capital Co. Beijing Enterprises Water. while increased connections and billing at SABESP saw the company swap third place with Agbar. 5 8 2 1 7 4 6 9 7 4 4 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .300 2. No new information was available from Tianjin Capital EP.434 1. 19. Water distributed and wastewater treated (million m per annum) Better data from AWW (especially on the wastewater side) saw it move from 10 to 5 .199 1.524 2. while truly major Chinese companies are emerging (Shanghai Industrial Holdings. 17. as shown by the volume gap between Suez Environnement and Veolia Environnement (and between that of Suez and Agbar) closing.992 1. And all hail the new broom Putting these into context.148 1. single country entities such as Brazil‘s SABESP (26. SembCorp‘s water and wastewater use comes primarily from its industrial customer base.100 6.814 3.816 1.867 1.6million and.122 945 1.2million people. Beijing Capital.998 1.132 224 118 1.606 1.427 2. AWG (Anglian Water) and Kelda (Yorkshire Water) have also been added.087 Notes 3.330 2.963 1. It will be intriguing to see how this table evolves.057 1.2million) are growing on many fronts. One way to circumvent this is to consider how much water is provided and how much wastewater is treated.002 1.477 1.057 0 812 522 587 526 764 438 Combined 17. The English and Welsh companies feature strongly due to their handling both wastewater and potable water and because of the high quality of data made available via the ‗June Return‘ process. The table below was developed by the author (with thanks to Ian Elkins at Global Water Intelligence for the idea and some supporting data) as a first stab at ranking the leading companies in volumetric terms. Likewise. FCC‘s continued expansion means it currently serves 28. AWW‘s sell off has been a gradual one.651 2.084 870 676 384 649 WW 7. making it larger than RWE and SAUR. It is not known if Agbar will continue to report separately in the future. the data is harder than in 2009 while sales decreased for GDI.8million) while Chongqing Water Group‘s potential customer base is already in excess of 30million.8million.

[2] contract awards within the OECD‘s 30 member states and outside the OECD.011 809 790 777 611 Notes 4 4 - 1 – Wastewater is for Spain and Chile only 2 – Net of wholesale water to other providers 3 – Wastewater collected 4 – England & Wales regulated activities 5 – Includes Proactiva 6 – Excludes projects in development 7 – Water for 2009/wastewater for 2010 8 – Includes Agbar 9 – Includes Proactiva for water. For example. 24 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . China and selected markets Withdrawal from all markets except Germany and Central Europe Concentrate on Europe Retain Latin American activities.9billion m pa. Likewise. and [3] comparing contract awards between those awarded to companies in their home country and to those based in other countries. regional (contract awards within a single geographical region) and global (contract awards in at least two regions).PART 1: THE WORLD OF WATER 2011-12 Company COPASA Yorkshire Water SAUR Anglian Water Beijing Enterprises WG Notes: Country Brazil UK France UK China Year 2010 2010-11 2010 2010-11 2010 Water 629 479 598 431 48 WW 382 330 192 346 564 Combined 1. invest in Europe. Beijing Enterprises has a contract order pipeline bringing its potential capacity to some 3 5. The latter is of interest given the low proportion of contract awards noted in OECD countries in recent years. except for a general interest in the Chinese market and developed country markets. International investment strategies of leading water companies The caution of recent years has been maintained. Likewise the picture is being changed by the rapid development of new capacity. Company Suez Veolia RWE SAUR FCC ACEA AWG Severn Trent UU Bouygues Sembcorp Strategy Withdrawal from most developing economies save MENA and China Concentrating on Europe.3billion m per annum. via its various minority stakes and the Hyflux Water Trust JV has a potential capacity 3 of 2. Spain Portugal & Czech Republic for wastewater There is a material difference between the volumes actually treated or distributed and each company‘s capacity. Mitsui. while China Water Industry‘s aim is to have a combined water and wastewater 3 capacity of 4. Hyflux itself is currently operating or developing concessions with an annual water 3 and wastewater treatment capacity of 718million m per annum and with the potential of further expansion. MENA and China Maintain international activities but no new projects All international activities (except Ireland) have been sold Maintain asset operation strategy (no capital expenditure) Activities outside Eastern Europe & MENA sold in 2010 Maintain activities in former French Africa Continue to seek suitable contracts globally THREE PERSPECTIVES ON CONTRACT AWARDS The Envisager contract award database has been used to provide three perspectives on the patterns of contract awards: [1] by competing contract awards to local (one country only).9billion m pa.

5 63.5 76.4 WW 23.9 0.2 21.4 1985-89 1990-94 1995-99 2000-04 2005-09 2010-11 Total Contracts awarded to companies active in a region Contracts 6 4 31 61 123 13 238 Water 18.3 250.1 48.3 0.5 34.3 31.1 148 26.9 569.4 Both 18.3 277.9 29.8 71.7 72.5 17.3 18.3 170.4 150.2 1.% of population served for water 1985-89 17% 38% 46% 1990-94 17% 0% 83% 1995-99 39% 13% 48% 2000-04 41% 8% 51% 2005-09 48% 8% 44% 2010-11 67% 6% 27% Total 40% 11% 49% National – Water Regional – Water International – Water Contract awards .1 7.0 13.7 107.7 2.5 65.2 20 72 108 135 31.% of population served for sewerage 1985-89 20% 37% 48% 1990-94 67% 1% 33% 1995-99 43% 8% 48% 2000-04 51% 15% 35% 2005-09 52% 21% 28% 2010-11 36% 8% 56% Total 45% 17% 37% National – WW Regional – WW International – WW 25 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .9 0.3 337.7 69.1 Both 22.PART 1: THE WORLD OF WATER 2011-12 Contract awarded to companies operating in their home country Contracts 5 18 67 183 244 51 568 Water 8.5 WW 55.5 Both 8.7 37.3 54.2 96.9 37.8 791 1985-89 1990-94 1995-99 2000-04 2005-09 2010-11 Total Contract awards .1 20.8 29.5 3.9 29.1 11.1 35 159.1 23.7 27.3 5.8 61.6 1985-89 1990-94 1995-99 2000-04 2005-09 2010-11 Total Contracts awarded to companies active globally Contracts 6 31 106 136 110 22 411 Water 22.4 WW 11.6 85.9 6.7 158.3 93.8 15.8 422 Both 50.8 346 1985-89 1990-94 1995-99 2000-04 2005-09 2010-11 Total Summary of contract awards Contracts 17 53 204 380 477 86 1217 Water 50.7 18.1 76.8 11.4 56.3 91.1 215.2 5.0 228.3 121.4 191.8 11.6 63.6 37.8 62.7 WW 20.6 25.

8 159.5 179.3 WW 55. although less so for sewerage than for water.8 789. Their market share in terms of where contract awards are being made has been somewhat peripheral in recent years.8 24. Argentina.9 332 129.7 78.1 56.5 39.7 16.6 105.6 40.5 Both 48. Chile joined the OECD in 2010. sewerage for 1990-94 was affected by the ill-fated Malaysian national sewerage PSP.9 72 108 134.0 228.1 Total No Water 16 50.8 117 128.3 263.7 127 31.3 19.9 86 26.3 34.1 44. irrespective of their subsequent international ambitions.3 389. With the exception of international awards for water services during the 1990s (driven by Chile.3 411 137.3 401.4 119. there appears to be a gradual shift from the international to the local company award.0 215.6 173.2 67 10. they are classified as such. These excepted.1 109.3 12.6 31.1 478 147.0 53 35.6 125.8 8.9 31. regional or international companies and those awarded to countries operating outside their country of domicile.9 73.8 No 16 53 204 380 477 86 1216 Water 50.3 80.4 77 25.8 421.7 65.6 WW 55.4 287.8 130.1 18.7 32.5 9 1.8 18.PART 1: THE WORLD OF WATER 2011-12 Contract awards .2 25.0 135.9 72.2 23.9 26 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .8 790.1 31.8 Both 8.3 13.3 170.8 26.0 48. a WaSC in England & Wales gaining a sewage contract in Scotland.4 Total Both 50.5 280.7 422.9 71.2 WW 52.0 159. Again. The OECD and the rest of the world The 30 OECD member countries dominated the global market in the decade from 1985-94.% of population served for both 1985-89 17% 38% 46% 1990-94 38% 0% 61% 1995-99 37% 13% 50% 2000-04 45% 12% 43% 2005-09 49% 15% 36% 2010-11 52% 7% 42% Total 43% 14% 44% National – Total Regional – Total International – Total The 1985-89 figures were inevitably distorted by the England and Wales WaSC privatisation.2 10.4 89.9 885 439.4 87 30.3 380 150.3 170.9 Not Member No Water WW 6 10.6 80.0 204 159.9 568.5 International WW Both 3.0 12.2 32 16.2 251.9 No 4 31 127 179 217 32 590 Water 8.6 83.9 26.4 42.5 124. all being within the UK) whether local.8 63. As the English & Welsh WaSCs were all local companies at the time of their classification.0 19. OECD and Rest of the World contract awards OECD 1985-89 1990-94 1995-99 2000-04 2005-09 2010-11 Total Member No Water 10 39.0 244.4 56.2 11.g. Regional players have remained somewhat peripheral.6 59.5 48. Contracts awarded in a company’s home country or internationally Award 1985-89 1990-94 1995-99 2000-04 2005-09 2010-11 Total No 12 22 77 201 260 54 626 Water 41.5 WW 52.0 48.5 39. the Philippines and Indonesia) the majority of contract awards in population terms have been to home companies.2 147.8 3.3 9.5 177.3 250.7 253 118.7 19.6 Home Both 41.3 609.8 9.7 30.0 21 18.0 108.6 6.3 19.9 1217 569.1 215.4 Home and abroad – domestic and international contract awards This table compares the numbers of people served by new contracts by companies in their country of origin (e.0 8.4 29.4 74.2 23.3 149.8 73.4 Both 39.0 35.

1 56.5 151.1 17.9 WW 0.5 59.8 14.6 1.8 Water 0.0 9.6 3.4 WW 0.5 37.4 Both 0.1 39.3 1.0 0.0 0. Russia.6 0.PART 1: THE WORLD OF WATER 2011-12 Graph: Home contracts as a % of all contracts awarded (million people) The BRICs build their presence In previous editions.0 Water 0. Contract awards (millions of people served) Brazil 1985-89 1990-94 1995-99 2000-04 2005-09 2010-11 Total China 1985-89 1990-94 1995-99 2000-04 2005-09 2010-11 Total India 1985-89 1990-94 1995-99 2000-04 2005-09 2010-11 Total No 0 4 24 23 16 5 68 No 0 4 24 128 305 58 519 No 0 0 0 5 14 2 21 Water 0.0 0.7 174. the rise of China has been noted.4 104.0 3.1 26.9 29.0 13.7 82.7 67.2 39.0 140.7 54.0 0. India and Russia are now developing at a rate which may not have been foreseen a few years ago.8 309.3 0.9 29.8 7. It is evident that the BRIC (Brazil.0 0.0 2.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 1.4 56.0 0.0 0.2 15.2 WW 0.9 Both 0.0 3.0 2.3 31.0 3.1 15.3 4.4 0.7 Both 0.0 3.9 8.0 0. In particular.0 0.0 0. India and China) acronym has an increasing global resonance as well.0 14.2 27 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .

0 68.4 35.0 4. 28 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .4 0.0 0.8 7.9 257.1 4.4 67. India is one of the most international of markets.1 13.1 3. Even so.6 58.0 0.9 Both 0.3 1.0 Water 0.0 95.4 7. the Brazilian market has been a local one.9 172.2 20.5 0.0 0.1 27. China remains a key target market for international companies. Manila Water has entered the market and Suez and VE have widened their activities through a range of pilot water management projects.0 Percentage of global contracts in population terms awarded in BRIC countries Outside the late 1990s.3 5.5 0. AWG and Earth Tech) over the past decade. the scale of activity by local companies has overshadowed such activities since 2005. with a wide variety of companies having been seen looking to gain contracts there.9 WW 0.7 Both 0.2 WW 0.1 69. highlighted by the transfer of activities back from international players (e.0 0.0 5.1 15.0 0.7 96.3 195.0 0. Veolia.1 13.6 398.0 0. While United Utilities has sold off its activities.0 116.g.0 4.PART 1: THE WORLD OF WATER 2011-12 Russia 1985-89 1990-94 1995-99 2000-04 2005-09 2010-11 Total BRICs 1985-89 1990-94 1995-99 2000-04 2005-09 2010 Total No 0 0 1 11 10 1 22 No 0 8 49 167 345 66 630 Water 0.

In 2007. even the acquisition of Northumbrian Water by Hong Kong‘s CKI is motivated by quite separate imperatives. United Utilities has wrapped up the winding down of its non-core activities in 2010 with the sale of almost all of its international water operations net of Tallinna Vesi. While Cambridge Water and Bristol Water do look like being taken private. which were reflected in the 2010-11 results. taken private (Osprey) Went private (Glas Cymru) 29 2011-15 changes Private – medium term Private – long term Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . a prediction which was as accurate as some of his colleagues‘ pronouncements about their understanding of risk management issues in the banking sector. Thames Water. Pennon is a singular exception. This reflects the influence of lower coupon debt and refinancing in relation to non core activities. Southern Water and Kelda in 2006-08 represented a dramatic continuation of a process that had been building momentum since 2000. AWG has focussed its non core activities and Thames has divested its non core activities now that they have been taken private. one broker had predicted there will be no listed companies by the end of 2008.PART 1: THE WORLD OF WATER 2011-12 Percentage of contract awards in BRIC companies going to national players THE ENGLISH & WELSH COMPANIES RETURN TO THEIR ROOTS There has been an increasing focus on the regulated activities at the expense of the last eighteen years of diversification strategies. Changes in the sector 2000-11 and possible changes to 2015 Company AWG Dwr Cymru 2000-11 status Listed. Company FY 31/03 AWG First Aqua Glas Cymru Kelda [1] Northumbrian [2] Pennon Severn Trent Thames UU Wessex Non-core revenues 2000 2005 16% 47% 0% 0% 63% 0% 13% 16% 14% 12% 40% 46% 37% 51% 19% 55% 60% 52% 0% 0% Current activities 2011 23% 0% 0% 12% 7% 61% 18% 0% 2% 0% Infrastructure services Regulated activities only Regulated activities only Infrastructure services Peripheral non regulated Waste management Water & laboratory services Regulated activities only Peripheral non regulated water activities Regulated activities only Notes: [1] Kelda‘s 2011 figures are for 2010 [2] Northumbrian‘s 2000 figures are for the year ending 22 December 1988 Private equity versus listed equity The bids for AWG. as its eighteen year expansion into waste management bears fruit.

HOW MANY PEOPLE ARE SERVED BY THE PRIVATE SECTOR? To gain a reasonable picture of the status of private sector participation in water and wastewater services requires a suitable set of operational assumptions that are robust enough to deal with the vagaries of the data that is currently available. populations grow within contract areas as a result of urban migration and indigenous population growth. bringing them to the public‘s attention. In addition. then private (RBS & JP Morgan) Acquired (RWE then taken private) Listed Re-acquired (Azurix to YTL) 2011-15 changes Private – medium term Remain with CKI Probably remain listed Remain listed Private – medium term Private – long term Remain listed Remain with YTL While Ofwat maintains it is keen to have as many companies retaining a market listing. How (and why) numbers served change Positive drivers: Privatisations and IPOs: Contract awards (Tianjin Capital‘s contract gains in China since 2005). as a consequence of various externalities have been excluded from the ongoing picture. as these have become a material factor over the past five years. One of the key questions over the next few years will be how to encourage companies to return to the listed equity model. although the momentum behind these proposals does appear to have eased during 2010.000 people and having a very low profile. perhaps when the Private Equity players are seeking exits in a few years time. taking up 5. 30 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . This can be regarded as a contract‘s organic growth.5. The major contract exits identified have been included in a separate table. This is particularly notable in the USA. New developments within a concession area are connected to the networks. These figures are extremely difficult to quantify where urbanisation involves people moving into informal settlements as the likelihood of any connection to a formal water service (let alone sanitation) is minimal unless a specific initiative (such as at La Paz in Bolivia by Suez) has been developed by a concession holder.PART 1: THE WORLD OF WATER 2011-12 Company Kelda Northumbrian Pennon Severn Trent Southern Thames UU Wessex 2000-11 status Listed. This has been redoubled by Ofwat‘s proposals to introduce ‗vertical competition‘ into the sector. There are three quantifiable sets of data available: [1] Contract information at the time of the award [2] Published data on service extension and demand growth [3] Data about the current status of markets with a long-established private sector presence In addition. For the sake of simplicity. all contracts that have subsequently been ended whether at the end of the contract life or prematurely. where there are many privately held companies serving 150 . It is also seen in Italy and Greece. Aqua America and AWW both pursue an aggressive tuck-in acquisition strategy. this carries little weight when the equity model can be materially less efficient than the debt one under the current regulatory settlement. Service extension and population growth: Water and sewerage services are extended to people who have previously relied on water vending or informal water supplies.000-15. As a result.000 new customers each year this way. Acquisitions: The acquisition of small privately held companies by larger entities. Manila Water is an example of both. the acquisition of municipal service companies by private companies (ESSAR by Chile‘s Aguas Neuvas) or stock market flotations (COPASA‘s IPO in 2006). This is also a major driver in China as seen with Shanghai Industrial Holdings acquiring United Runtong in 2010. population growth figures have been kept to a minimum. with ACEA actively seeking to take in the small municipalities in the Rome region. privately held companies (Asia Environmental Holdings in Singapore in 2004) can be floated. taken private (Saltire) Re-listed (ex Suez) then acquired Listed Listed Taken over.

000 people. In order to distinguish between such contracts and formal or quasi legal contracts drawn up with small local entities.9 6. Country England & Wales USA USA Germany Italy Spain France Total Comments SWCs in operation in 1987 Non-regulated activities Regulated activities PSP since 1887 Mainly pre ATO contracts PSP since 1867 PSP since 1853 Million people 13. that can be the essence of a BOT contract.PART 1: THE WORLD OF WATER 2011-12 Negative drivers: Condemnations and re-nationalisations: The USA can be a surprisingly hostile place for the private sector. In this context. Spain (the private sector share has advanced from 35% in 1987 to 46% by 2005). However.5 23. Indeed. Divestment: Concessions being handed back as a company changes strategy (Suez in Puerto Rico). Time: Contracts do not last forever and there is no obligation to renew them at their expiry. a concessional contract or an outright asset privatisation. a case that is already generating useful attorney fees. Population decrease: This will affect a number of concessions and companies in Europe in the longer term. Companies can also be sold to municipalities when a parent company changes direction as seen with Allete‘s Florida water activities. rather than the non-regulated O&M outsourcing contracts that have become a feature of the past decade). People served by contract awards. market listings to date have come about through government or municipal privatisations. Municipalities can ‗condemn‘ a regulated operator under ‗Eminent Domain‘ law and seek to buy its assets from the owner as recently seen at Pennichuck. Not all water privatisations are fated to be subsumed within other companies. Paris is also in some form of public control but the status of this change is unclear as Veolia and Suez continue to manage many aspects of these services. or judges that a contract has become inoperable (International Water in Bolivia). In many cases the service extension seen to date is a partial picture. Contracts for industrial water services or for developing industrial zones are excluded. France (the private sector share has advanced from 72% in 1987 to 79% by 2005). Germany (Gelsenwasser and some local companies holding approximately 8% of the market through long term contracts) and England & Wales (there were 29 Statutory Water Companies serving 13. In France concessions were nationalised as the political climate changed between 1918 and 1939 and Suez has lost two significant contracts since 2001.000 people.5 155. Published data on service extension subsequent to the contract award Examples of service extension identified include Metro Manila (water service extension by both concessions).0 45. assets do not last forever and the need to upgrade. these contracts also cover at least 10.8 36. Malaysia and in Shanghai. In general. Italy (11% of the market served by the private sector and semi-private companies in 1987). Spain (with two exceptions) and the USA due to the contract award details in these countries not being typically available and individually of a small and non-specific nature.0 24.4 6. even though this sometimes appears to be the fate of the British water sector. The long established markets There were six markets with an extensive private sector presence in the start of 1987: the USA (mainly regulated activities. and various contracts in Brazil. contracts have to be of at least five years in duration and either a formally established O&M contract. 31 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . 1987-2011 These databases exclude France. rehabilitate and extend assets points towards new contracts being awarded. national private water service companies are defined as legal entities that have signed a formal contract with the relevant municipal or state authorities for the provision of water or wastewater services.1 To count as private sector participation. The average contract award in France for example covers 2.8million people in 1989).

000 32 International 0 260. ‗international‘ contracts (here defined as being outside the country of the company‘s registration) may well involve relatively small stakes. These also exclude companies which only serve industrial water customers or where no reliable customer data is available. Size.0 The contract service extension figure reflects the 2009 study by the World Bank which highlighted service gains for 24million people in 36 contracts. Population growth and urbanisation data is very hard to qualify.840.4 -72. these have been ignored.000 10.0 5. When looking at the company entries and contract awards to date. The rise both reflects improved data as well as contract awards in recent years.500 % Home 100% 4% 16% 12% Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .0 10.000 1. While numbers served in ‗home‘ contracts typically refer to contracts where the company has a majority holding of a concession. service extension has already been factored in the data used and this is taken into account. nor is all service extension work.PART 1: THE WORLD OF WATER 2011-12 A global figure The uncorrected total feeds directly from the Envisager databases.000 880. It does not take into account all population growth within contract areas since the contract award date. These entries highlight the notable development of activities in the sector by companies based in China. Wherever possible. while rising rapidly in many developing economies) and this may still be an understatement by 10-15million.744. the shift away from the global market leaders to more diverse and local management and financing solutions continues.0 The final figure compares with. Contract type Global total – uncorrected Small formal PSP Contract service extension Population growth & urbanisation Global total – corrected Million people 884.000 4. it refers to actual companies rather than private equity holders.000 3. Malaysia and Singapore.247.050. Other players are emerging across Latin America and in the Philippines and more recently India.5 155.1 884. for example 563million people as being identified as served by the private sector 2005.000 502.0 10. Company Argentina Latin Aguas Australia United Group Austria Aquaplus Energie EVN Home 1.840. formal PSP projects such as those highlighted by the 2006 World Bank study (Triche et al. Contract type Contract awards Contract endings Incumbent markets Global total Million people 791. home and abroad The table below needs to be approached with some circumspection. 2006).500 Total 1. COMPANIES AND THEIR COVERAGE This table outlines the number of people served by each country in their home and international markets. Where companies have minority shareholdings in contracts managed by other water companies.000 170. Wherever possible. thus compounding a trend away from European and Western company experience and finance operating globally towards more local applications. but updated wherever possible (it is steady or even falling in parts of Europe.000 270.0 909. Neither does it include small.

000 55.000 6.000 21.000 1.000 1.000 3.200.780.000 1.100.000 200.000 1.000 6.000 500.000 2.000 2.000 33 International 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 280.000 16.000 1.000 350.000 600.000 1.000 1.730.000 620.000 280.000 5.000 12.000 1.000 650.490.000 6.000 6.542.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 1.000 150.000.000 485.000.315.000 2.790.333.902.000 1.591.000 1.000 80.000 6.000 19.000 0 3.100.750.000 16.000 5.000 3.000 4.000.300.000 23.000 1.018.000 3.000 6.000 1.000 350.000 2.000 485.400.000 6.000 12.600.910.000 600.800.500.PART 1: THE WORLD OF WATER 2011-12 Company Brazil Andrae Gutierrez CAB Ambiental COPASA Gruppo Aguas do Brasil Gruppo Equipav Riovivo SABESP Solvi Canada Alonquin Power Aquatech Corix EPCOR North American Envirotech Chile Aguas Andinas [1] Aguas Neuvas Antofagasta ESSBIO ESVAL Nuevosur China Anhui Water Resources Development Beijing Capital Beijing Enterprises Water Group Beijing Herocan Han Kane Cathay International Water China Everbright China Water Affairs China Water Industry Cheung Kong Infrastructure Chongqing Kanda Env Chongqing Water Group Citic Pacific Easen International Global Green Tech Group Golden State Environment Guangdong Golden Dragon Guangdong Investment Guozhen Environmental Protection Heilongjiang Interchina Water Treatment Interchina Holdings Jiangxi Hongcheng Waterworks KWIG (Kardan NV) Ming Hing Waterworks Nanhai Development Ltd NWS Holdings Ningbo Fuda Company Galaxy Water Qianjiang Water Resources Shanghai Industrial Holdings Home 9.000 500.000 % Home 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 0% 100% 0% 0% 0% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 0% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .000 1.610.000 0 0 0 6.000 620.000 0 55.000 17.800.000 1.902.000.000 15.600.000 800.730.000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Total 9.000 19.120.120.585.503.200.000 21.800.500.585.000 3.300.000 6.000 1.000 3.350.000 1.200.100.000 0 856.000 605.018.000 4.258.315.000 650.910.000 1.200.800.100.000 856.200.000 15.000 15.000 200.000 800.000 5.780.000 605.750.000 17.200.000 80.000 1.000 5.400.610.000 26.000 26.490.000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 6.790.550.350.333.850.258.000 23.542.550.000 15.591.503.000 150.850.

090.000 430.500.000 900.000 523.000 850.000 1.000 100.000 0 0 0 0 0 Total 3.000 12.800.000 1.265.000 2.000 1.000 125.000 4.000 1.923.987.000.000 11.000 780.000 2.000 780.000 700.000 0 5.000 1.300.000.000 % Home 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 0% 41% 100% 100% 10% 100% 19% 76% 100% 19% 72% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 54% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 0 0 34 1.226.000 350.ON Gelsenwasser MVV Remondis RWE Greece Athens Water Thessaloniki Water India BHEL IVRCL Jindal Aquasource JUSCO Larsen & Toubro VA Tech Wabag Indonesia Acuatico Italy A2A ACEA Acegas-APS Acque Potabili ASCM-AGAM IREN Hera Japan Marubeni Mitsubishi Mitsui Home 3.100.000 500.100.100.000 900.000 6.000 100.000 1.000 100.350.800.000 7.PART 1: THE WORLD OF WATER 2011-12 Company Shanghai Chengtou Shanghai Urban Construction Group Shanghai Young Sun Shenzhen Kondarl Sichuan Guangan AAA Public Sound Global Suzhou New District Tianjin Capital Environmental Protection Towngas (HK & China Gas & Light) Wuhan Sanzheng Industry Holdings Xin Jiang Hui Tong Zhongshan Public Utilities Estonia Tallinna Vesi France Alteau Fingestion SAUR Sogedo STGS Suez Environnement Ternois Epuration VE Germany E.600.350.500 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 8.000 250.000 100.000 100.287.985.000 850.490.000 250.000 5.000 5.000 500.065.000 9.000 0 1.000 2.600.000 12.000 17.000 523.000 International 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 10.000 2.800 0 4.000 18.000 1.000 600.500 4.000 1.750.300.850.000 700.000 100.700.800.985.000 400.000 990.000 500.000 12.000 2.000 124.976.000 10.000 24.000 400.000 1.000 100.000 2.000.800 990.423.000 700.816.000.000 500.490.000 2.240.416.000 250.300.000 2.090.830.830.000.000 430.000 11.000 2.000 5.000 250.870.880.880.000 600.000 0 0 111.850.00 0 100.830.000 2.000 12.000 5.000 5.800.000 350.000.200.000 0% 0% Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .070.267.000 700.000 950.267.000 13.000 100.

000 6.100.000 0 7.000 5.397.000 186.000 0 3.000 2.000 700.000 5.000 100.397.000 100.000 250.000 780.000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1.000 186.640.000 2.000 40.000 2.000 5.000 550.600.745.000 560.450.800.000 500.000 4.045.820.000 500.000 0 600.820.000 2.000 Total 1.000 2.000 0 458.000 2.000 250.295.000 2.260.PART 1: THE WORLD OF WATER 2011-12 Company Kuwait Utilities Development Company Malaysia Synergy Heights Goldis Intan Utilities K P Selangor PBA Holdings PPB Puncak Niaga Ranhill Utilities Salcon Taliworks YTL Holdings Mexico Aquasol Morelia Morocco LYDEC The Netherlands Kardan Oman SNM Power Philippines Benguet Manila Water Metro Pacific Poland Aquarius Portugal Mota-Engil Russian Federation Rosvodokanal RKS Syzran Vodokanal Qatar QEWC Saudi Arabia Amiantit Singapore Ciena Enterprises Boustead Darco Dayen Hyflux Keppel Maya Asia Salcon SembCorp Sinomem Sound Global Spain Acciona Abengoa Agval [2] Home 1.000 35 International 0 0 500.000 250.100.900.600.000 52.900.000 0 3.100.000 0 0 0 125.000 % Home 100% 0% 100% 100% 85% 0% 100% 87% 0% 91% 0% 100% 100% 0% 100% 100% 69% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 4% 0% 0% 0% 100% 17% 100% 0% 4% 0% 0% 64% 21% 93% Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .000 4.000 5.260.250.000 2.000 3.000 0 500.000 500.000 1.700.000 125.397.000 200.000 0 2.000 250.000 1.000 1.000 500.040.000 500.000 1.000 6.745.700.000 4.000 150.000 3.000.000 4.000 0 0 4.397.350.000 0 350.900.000 3.900.800.408.000 5.000 8.000 529.950.000 2.000 7.000 52.025.000 11.000 0 400.500.000 0 0 3.100.010.600.640.350.245.000 500.000 3.000 3.695.000 2.000 2.040.050.000 2.000 350.900.000 600.000 1.400.000 0 0 2.000 0 0 250.200.500.000 6.000 11.025.000 1.000 1.000 550.190.

220.250.000 1.000 300.420.000 140.000 280.000 3.043.250.000.700.100.000 920.250 0 0 1.800.617.000 8.000 1.000 1.800.000 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 642.180.000.050.100.617.516.000 5.200.000 16.000 250.100.000 1.000 1.000 0 450.000 1.000 13.000 2.600.250.000 1.000 0 2.000 140.050.000 1.000 3.000 300.130.000 4.500.000 560.000 650.290.000 7.000 340.000 280.000 2.000 2.516.050.000 1.000 5.000 0 0 0 400.000 1.000 3.000 57.000 525.PART 1: THE WORLD OF WATER 2011-12 Company FCC [3] Ferrovial Gruppo ACS OHL Sacyr Vallehermoso Tecasva Sweden Lackeby Water Group Thailand Thai Tap East Water UK AWG Biwater Holdings Bristol Water (owner TBC) Cambridge Water (owner TBC) Costain Portsmouth Water (South Downs) Dee Valley Glas Cymru East Surrey Kelda Group Nature Technology Solutions Pennon Group Southern Water (First Aqua) Severn Trent South East Water South Staffordshire Thames Water (Macquarrie) United Utilities USA AECOM Alliance Water Resources American States Aqua America American Water Works Artesian Cadiz California WS CH2M Hill Connecticut Consolidated Water Global Water Resources Han's Technologies Middlesex Pennichuck Pico Holdings Pure Cycle SJW Southwest Utilities Inc Western Water York Home 12.250.120.060.749.000 0 0 0 0 0 47.180.000 0 110.250 3.000 258.000.500.060.800.000 2.000 560.050.792.000 3.000 % Home 46% 100% 76% 25% 33% 0% 0% 100% 100% 82% 0% 642.000 1.993.000 2.000 525.000 180.000 36 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4.829.130.000.000 13.000 650.930.000 4.000 Total 28.000 13.120.000 450.000 2.000 258.970.750.000 0 0 0 0 766.000 1.280.000 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 62% 100% 100% 100% 100% 0% 100% 100% 100% 98% 100% 100% 100% 100% 0% 100% 0% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .000 250.000 1.000 0 0 1.250.000 1.000 0 340.000 16.000 7.000 1.043.250.000 7.000 3.000 180.993.000 0 International 15.420.000 5.000.400.000 5.000 8.000 766.000 6.000 0 1.000 2.042.200.000 4.000 1.250.000 4.000 110.000 3.

1999 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 4 1 0 3 5 0 1 0 0 5 0 0 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 6 0 2 18 20 2001 0 1 0 1 1 0 1 7 1 0 3 5 2 1 0 0 8 0 0 2 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 8 0 1 15 25 2003 0 1 0 1 1 0 1 9 0 0 3 4 2 0 1 0 12 0 0 10 0 0 1 2 0 0 0 4 8 0 1 18 23 2005 1 3 1 1 1 1 4 19 1 1 4 4 2 0 3 0 7 0 0 11 1 1 1 3 1 0 1 6 8 1 1 19 21 2007 1 3 3 0 4 1 5 31 0 1 4 5 2 0 3 0 9 0 1 11 1 1 0 3 1 1 1 6 8 1 2 15 21 2008 1 3 3 0 4 1 6 31 0 1 4 5 2 0 4 0 9 1 1 11 1 1 0 3 1 1 1 6 7 1 2 15 24 2009 1 3 1 0 6 1 6 36 0 1 4 5 2 0 4 1 8 1 1 11 1 1 0 3 1 1 1 6 7 1 2 18 24 2010 1 3 1 0 7 1 6 41 0 1 4 4 2 0 6 1 8 2 1 11 1 1 1 3 1 1 1 7 7 1 2 17 22 2011 1 3 1 0 8 1 6 41 0 1 4 4 2 1 6 1 7 2 1 11 1 1 1 3 1 1 1 7 7 1 2 17 22 Argentina Austria Australia Belgium Brazil Canada Chile China Czech Republic Estonia France Germany Greece Netherlands India Indonesia Italy Japan Kuwait Malaysia Mexico Morocco Netherlands Philippines Portugal Qatar Saudi Arabia Singapore Spain Sweden Thailand United Kingdom USA The table below summarises these results in terms of the number of companies identified.OECD countries . along with which countries they are based in.Developing In 2010 Chile became a member of the OECD and is retrospectively included in the above tables.PART 1: THE WORLD OF WATER 2011-12 [1] Also included in Suez Lyonnaise [2] Now separate from SAUR [3] VE and FCC share the Pro-Activa activities Companies covered by country This excludes entries for companies only included in the country entries. 37 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . 1999 13 73 63 5 5 2001 16 87 73 11 3 2003 18 103 75 14 14 2005 28 128 81 28 19 2007 27 146 81 45 20 2008 28 151 85 45 21 2009 29 159 85 52 22 2010 30 166 83 59 24 2011 31 167 83 60 24 Number of countries Number of companies .Advanced developing . China has been reclassified as ‗advanced developing‘ instead of ‗developing‘.

meaning that by 2025. Looking closer at the numbers. 38 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . 5% of the world‘s population was served to some extent by the private sector.192million. 45-55% of the urban market is potentially suitably placed for PSP. What has been consistently evident over the past years is that nothing can be taken for granted when it comes to assessing market developments and prospects. this had increased to 10% of the world‘s population. but it is not as distant as it may have seemed to have been in 1999 and it does allow for current political. What is notable is the gap between the estimation of the addressable populations in the Americas and the extent of privatisation to date.202 1. now it is the single most important global driver. an upwards adjustment of 44million on for example the forecast made in 2007. while allowing for years of contract award and implementation slippage for political and economic changes. characterised by blocked initiatives and mothballed plans.163 1.145 1. Now a market is emerging. These tables are not targets and it must be emphasised that they consider areas where PSP has the potential to offer better services in an affordable manner.085 1. In 1999. Our revised forecast for the extent of PSP in 2015 is 1. Almost all of this market is the urban market. Current and forecast extent of private sector participation It has been fascinating to observe the steady development of numbers served and a series of forecasts for PSP coverage between 1999 and 2010 that have remained in a 15-17% range. China was seen as something of interest in 1999.148 1. The forecasts for most other regions with the exception of the Americas are on the cautious side for the time being.161 1. PROSPECTS AND PROGNOSIS A new set of forecasts The addressable population is the percentage of the population (2011 estimates) that the author believes have a better than even chance of being served with PSP water and/or sewerage provision by 2015. even on a 25 or a 50 year view. especially in Moscow and St. Yet the only predictable element in the above statement is its inherent unpredictability. private sector service provision is already becoming commonplace. along with forecasts for the potential extent of private sector penetration by 2015 and 2025. 2015 forecasts (million people) Year 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Number 1. rather than PSP for its own sake. but also the new Congress Government has made it clear that PSP is to be highlighted as a method for mobilising new resources. regulatory and market trends to be translated into realistic market developments. to 11% between 2007 and 2009 and 12% in 2010 and 13% in 2011.PART 1: THE WORLD OF WATER 2011-12 COUNTRY MARKET DEVELOPMENT. which can be related to the global domination of international markets by a number of companies from this region. it is evident that China is providing a significant proportion of the future growth while for example some African countries and the USA currently offer growth prospects somewhat below what had previously been forecast. Petersburg. The Russian Federation was seen as ‗unsuitable before perhaps 2050‘ as recently as five years ago. The potential for private sector participation Not all markets are suitable for privatisation. In Western Europe.192 % of global population 15% 15% 16% 16% 16% 16% 16% 16% The figures for privatisation to date demonstrate the variable progress that the private sector has made. Since 2006. That may once have appeared a long way off. Now not only have a number of contracts been awarded since 2002. They consist of a set of estimates for the current extent of private sector participation in water and sewerage services for the main markets. Perhaps 25-30% of the market is ‗suitable‘ for PSP in that PSP can offer genuine benefits to people under current conditions and those foreseeable in 2025. India was beyond most boundaries.125 1.

PART 1: THE WORLD OF WATER 2011-12 Western Europe PSP in 2011 Sewerage 0% 10% 0% 1% 47% 20% 38% 36% 33% 10% 5% 24% 51% 1% 0% 90% PSP by 2015 Water Sewerage 9% 9% 3% 11% 2% 2% 0% 2% 74% 63% 24% 27% 47% 46% 17% 44% 53% 49% 0% 11% 5% 10% 56% 51% 63% 57% 5% 5% 0% 0% 94% 96% PSP by 2025 Water Sewerage 12% 17% 3% 12% 2% 2% 2% 2% 76% 76% 27% 31% 49% 49% 25% 47% 60% 57% 0% 11% 8% 12% 61% 56% 69% 64% 5% 5% 0% 0% 94% 97% Austria Belgium Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Ireland Italy Netherlands Norway Portugal Spain Sweden Switzerland United Kingdom Water 8% 3% 1% 0% 67% 21% 35% 1% 43% 0% 6% 25% 49% 1% 0% 87% Central and Eastern Europe PSP in 2011 Water Sewerage 0% 5% 23% 0% 1% 0% 20% 20% 0% 18% 13% 19% 71% 69% 33% 33% 24% 0% 29% 26% 11% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 18% 0% 25% 25% 3% 3% 11% 0% 10% 5% 20% 20% 0% 10% 0% 0% PSP by 2015 Water Sewerage 15% 15% 73% 67% 6% 6% 28% 28% 11% 27% 19% 25% 84% 79% 38% 38% 29% 12% 36% 36% 13% 0% 23% 23% 15% 0% 19% 7% 25% 25% 8% 11% 19% 5% 20% 16% 37% 37% 25% 25% 9% 9% PSP by 2025 Water Sewerage 29% 31% 76% 69% 11% 16% 53% 53% 27% 34% 38% 38% 89% 87% 42% 42% 46% 38% 37% 37% 16% 11% 24% 24% 19% 19% 29% 14% 33% 33% 16% 22% 26% 21% 27% 23% 38% 38% 26% 26% 13% 13% Albania Armenia Azerbaijan Bulgaria Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Estonia Georgia Hungary Kosovo Latvia Lithuania Moldova Montenegro Poland Romania Russian Federation Slovakia Slovenia Ukraine Middle East and North Africa PSP in 2011 Water Sewerage 34% 13% 38% 50% 0% 7% 0% 0% 39 Algeria Bahrain Egypt Iraq PSP by 2015 Water Sewerage 39% 16% 100% 100% 6% 17% 0% 0% PSP by 2025 Water Sewerage 47% 28% 100% 100% 10% 25% 0% 0% Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .

PART 1: THE WORLD OF WATER 2011-12 Israel & Palestine Jordan Kuwait Lebanon Morocco Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia Tunisia Turkey UAE Yemen AR Sub-Saharan Africa PSP in 2011 Water Sewerage 17% 0% 31% 0% 0% 61% 1% 0% 21% 15% 79% 24% 100% 64% 46% 29% 2% 0% 2% 8% 3% 31% 0% 0% PSP by 2015 Water Sewerage 21% 8% 43% 36% 100% 100% 6% 6% 29% 23% 81% 65% 100% 63% 51% 41% 27% 9% 9% 12% 38% 47% 0% 0% PSP by 2025 Water Sewerage 21% 28% 50% 63% 100% 100% 10% 10% 37% 32% 83% 69% 100% 100% 57% 52% 41% 25% 11% 17% 63% 79% 0% 0% Burkina Faso Cameroon Central African Rep Chad DR Congo Côte d‘Ivoire Ethiopia Gabon Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Kenya Lesotho Mali Mauritius Mozambique Namibia Niger Nigeria Senegal South Africa Sudan Tanzania Uganda Zambia PSP in 2011 Water Sewerage 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 32% 14% 0% 0% 80% 0% 25% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 1% 0% 0% 15% 3% 0% 0% 4% 4% 0% 0% 0% 29% 0% 1% 1% 6% 0% 0% 0% 2% 0% 0% 0% PSP by 2015 Water Sewerage 5% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 40% 13% 0% 0% 87% 0% 26% 0% 9% 0% 0% 0% 2% 0% 0% 0% 1% 0% 0% 15% 12% 0% 0% 7% 5% 0% 0% 0% 34% 0% 2% 2% 8% 0% 0% 0% 5% 3% 4% 0% PSP by 2025 Water Sewerage 13% 0% 30% 8% 17% 0% 9% 0% 0% 0% 46% 19% 0% 0% 100% 0% 28% 6% 14% 0% 17% 0% 14% 2% 0% 0% 2% 0% 16% 16% 21% 0% 0% 10% 8% 0% 5% 1% 39% 6% 10% 6% 8% 0% 0% 0% 15% 6% 5% 0% South East and East Asia and Oceania PSP in 2010 Sewerage 12% 0% 14% 0% 0% 0% 0% 40 Australia Cambodia China Hong Kong Indonesia Japan Macao Water 37% 1% 13% 67% 5% 0% 100% PSP by 2015 Water Sewerage 45% 28% 1% 1% 15% 15% 91% 26% 8% 1% 5% 13% 100% 0% PSP by 2025 Water Sewerage 50% 36% 5% 3% 22% 25% 90% 30% 13% 1% 8% 16% 100% 100% Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .

PART 1: THE WORLD OF WATER 2011-12 Malaysia New Zealand Philippines Singapore South Korea Taiwan Thailand Vanuatu Vietnam South and Central Asia Water 57% 2% 13% 28% 0% 13% 3% 15% 2% PSP in 2010 Sewerage 0% 9% 2% 0% 3% 1% 0% 0% 0% PSP by 2015 Water Sewerage 80% 33% 4% 11% 20% 7% 31% 8% 0% 16% 30% 22% 64% 22% 20% 0% 8% 0% PSP by 2025 Water Sewerage 80% 44% 4% 13% 30% 13% 33% 10% 10% 24% 35% 32% 65% 36% 33% 0% 12% 5% Bangladesh India Iran Kazakhstan Maldives Mongolia Nepal Pakistan Sri Lanka Uzbekistan The Americas Water 0% 1% 0% 2% 32% 0% 2% 0% 0% 2% PSP in 2011 Sewerage 0% 1% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% PSP by 2015 Water Sewerage 0% 0% 2% 1% 0% 0% 6% 0% 50% 0% 0% 0% 3% 0% 0% 0% 1% 0% 3% 0% PSP by 2025 Water Sewerage 5% 0% 5% 2% 0% 0% 12% 3% 50% 0% 0% 0% 8% 0% 0% 2% 5% 0% 6% 3% Argentina Belize Bolivia Brazil Canada Chile Colombia Cuba Dominican Republic Ecuador Honduras Mexico Panama Paraguay Peru Trinidad & Tobago Uruguay USA Venezuela PSP in 2011 Water Sewerage 10% 5% 33% 33% 0% 0% 30% 21% 3% 6% 96% 94% 24% 11% 13% 0% 15% 0% 18% 15% 7% 7% 13% 22% 11% 0% 0% 0% 3% 10% 0% 0% 3% 3% 15% 7% 7% 0% PSP by 2015 Water Sewerage 19% 16% 33% 33% 0% 0% 33% 24% 7% 9% 98% 98% 31% 16% 13% 0% 16% 0% 27% 21% 8% 8% 19% 26% 26% 26% 4% 0% 16% 13% 0% 0% 9% 6% 17% 9% 13% 6% PSP by 2025 Water Sewerage 26% 22% 50% 50% 0% 0% 52% 46% 13% 13% 98% 98% 34% 20% 15% 4% 16% 8% 43% 40% 10% 10% 24% 32% 56% 56% 6% 3% 29% 35% 79% 79% 14% 14% 20% 11% 14% 11% People served by private water or sewerage services in 2011 and forecast for service in 2015 and 2025 Million people Western Europe 2011 47% 41 189.1 215.3 2015 53% 232 2025 56% Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .

4% 100.8 209.0% 85.0m Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .0m GBP426.3 77.7 132.0% 100.000.0m EUR1.0% 100.0m GBP1.0m GBP1. 3. Company West LB Glas Cymru South Downs RBS Macquarie Consorcio Financiero Penta Finance Penta Finance Arcapita Bank PAI Hastings AIG Terra Firma (UK) Deutsche Bank Macquarie Aqualia Westpac Osprey Macquarie CIF / JP Morgan [4] Alinda IF [5] Holding Mid Kent Dwr Cymru Portsmouth Southern Water South East ESVAL [1] SmVaK (AWG) SmVaK (Ondeo) South Staffs SAUR Swan Group Utilities Inc East Surrey East Surrey [2] Aquarion SmVak South East AWG Thames Water Southern Water South Staffs Date 03/2001 05/2001 10/2001 04/2002 09/2003 10/2003 11/2003 04/2004 11/2004 02/2005 02/2005 05/2005 10/2005 12/2005 02/2006 04/2006 01/2006 10/2006 10/2006 10/2007 10/2007 42 Stake 100. especially in Chile. These major transactions can be divided into four areas: 1. especially in the US.0m [3] USD92.5 106.PART 1: THE WORLD OF WATER 2011-12 Million people C&E Europe ME & Africa South & Central Asia South East Asia Oceania North America Latin America World total 35.0 223.5m GBP143.0m GBP400.0% 100. 4.0% 100.0% 100. where regulated utilities ‗tuck in‘ privately-owned small water systems near to their own systems.0m AUD210.4 11.0 m GBP435.6 479. 2. 110 corporate transactions have been listed here. which have taken place since 1997.7 108.1 908.0% 100.7 125.3 2025 30% 13% 5% 28% 45% 41% 29% 21% MERGERS AND ACQUISITIONS Mergers and acquisition activity in the sector has been remarkably intense over the past decade. Disclosure of earnings and asset earnings is somewhat inconsistent and incomplete. so two measures have been used here: the price paid per person (implied value divided by the number of people served either by water or sewerage services).195.6 367.0m [3] GBP71.9 158.5 1191.0% 100.9 2015 21% 9% 2% 22% 42% 28% 23% 16% 89.8% 54.0m [3] GBP4.3 100. Private equity deals. 2001–10 This list covers all 22 major deals where a company has either been acquired by a private equity house or sold from one such institution to another.7 21.0m [3] GBP2.050. more bids are in the offing.200m GBP8.0% 49.3 m EUR54.5m EUR46.4 643. the Philippines and perhaps in the UK.0 1683.0 m USD860.0% 100.0m GBP665.0% Price GBP106.0m GBP189. reflecting how ownership changes as strategies and perspectives change.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0 38. In addition.0% 100. and price/turnover (implied value divided by revenues) to outline the varying valuations for these assets and activities.5 18.6 15.6 119.1% 100.0m [3] EUR167.0% 100. in order to expand their customer base and benefit from economies of scale.850. A considerable number of smaller transactions (typically 20-40 per annum) have also been recorded. an implied value has been derived for the company by dividing the actual price paid by the size of the share stake acquired.9 2011 11% 6% 1% 17% 33% 23% 21% 13% 65.037. These transactions are primarily in the water sector and involved at least USD10million being paid for their stakes.3% 44.0% 98. Acquisitions of listed companies Acquisitions of municipal stakes Acquisitions of private companies and divisions Acquisitions of strategic stakes Where appropriate.

GIC Infra Holdings 33% & Infracapital 20% Bids for listed companies The highest prices paid are for asset-owning companies in the US and the UK.420 888 398 412 37 553 356 775 445 835 1.275million.522 571 Price/turnover 5.7 1.2 1. with a significant proportion of the regulated customer base having seen its owners change hands twice during this period. the level of activity has been intense. (USDmillion) Year 1998 1998 1998 1999 1999 1999 1999 1999 1999 1999 1999 1999 1999 2000 2000 2000 2000 2001 2001 2002 2004 2006 2006 2007 2007 2007 2009 2008 2010 2010 2011 2011 Bidder Azurix Aqua America California WS AWG Union Fenosa Anglian Kelda Thames Kelda American WW American WW Veolia Suez RWE Am States American WW American WW TMWA RWE BOC Arcapita Agbar Linde OTPP OTPP Veolia AWW Aguas Andinas Suez Env SembCorp Epcor CKI Target Wessex Water Consumers Dominguez SmVaK Cambridge Hartlepool York Waterworks E'Town Aquarion SJW Corp NEI ScVK United Water Thames CCWC Citizens Utilities UWR Sierra Pacific American WW EMC South Staffs Bristol Water EMC ESVAL ESSBIO RUAS EMC ESSAL Agbar Cascal Chaparral City Northumbrian Bid price (USDmillion) 2.8 2.0billion bid in 2006 includes Macquarie paying GBP250million for 11% of Thames‘ equity. The EUR11.0% by the Moneda Chile Fund [2] The original acquisition of East Surrey Holdings plc included the assets of Phoenix Gas. UBS 18% [5] An unconfirmed figure quoted in the financial press [6] CII 47%.3 4. which have been retained by Terra Firma [3] Cash and assumed debt [4] JP Morgan Asset Management Infrastructure 32%.0 3.500 463 64 48 87 30 45 923 444 390 700 27 927 6.9 3. Acquisitions. 1998–2011.5 3.8% acquired by Consorcio Financiero and 5.600 50 245 281 20 365 340 42 18 269 4. valuing Thames‘ equity at GBP2.2 2.9 4.4 2.0m Notes: [1] 44. CIF 27%.3billion bid in 2000 included GBP4.0% Price GBP3.1 0.500 206 35 3.6 1.9 1. The lower prices for SmVaK and ScVK reflect their being non-asset owning companies in the Czech Republic. 43 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .7 3.400 341 199 264 746 669 323 384 102 44 1.2 0. by bidding and target company.9 4.036. with the rest being accounted for by debt.9 3.1 0.727 Stake bought 100% 100% 100% 53% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 38% 67% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 49% 51% 100% 100% 54% 100% 100% 100% 100% USD per person 702 691 427 60 300 333 265 1.3billion bid for the company‘s listed shares. In the former.7 2.PART 1: THE WORLD OF WATER 2011-12 Company Saltaire Water [6] Holding Kelda Date 02/2008 Stake 100.8 3.750 31 49 835 350 4.3 4.2 6.2 1.3 The two bids for Thames are for somewhat different entities.1 3. RWE believes that it has made a EUR500million profit in this sale.3 3. while the GBP8.6 2.

8 13.2 3. reflect the potential for revenue growth through extending water and sewerage services and. GH Holdings and Citizens Utilities) and non-core divisions from other water companies (Crea and Berlinwasser International). along with buying out minority partners (SAUR). 44 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .4 2.4 10. Wessex.1 2.6 3. American WW and AquaSource). The high price/turnover ratios seen.8 6.5 2.8 5. 1997–2010 (USDmillion) Bid price (USDmillion) Year 1997 1997 1998 1999 1999 1999 1999 1999 1999 1999 1999 1999 1999 1999 1999 1999 1999 2000 2000 2001 2001 2001 2001 2004 2004 2004 2004 2006 2007 2008 2008 Bidder Veolia Suez Veolia Bouygues/Azurix Azurix Dragados EMOS Suez Suez Iberdrola Thames & EDP Suez AWG/Enersis Gelsenwasser Vivendi/RWE Azurix Thames Suez Thames EVN Thames AWG/VE IW/UU Falabella Falabella Falabella Veolia DM Consunji Acegas Cascal Cascal Target Budapest Sewerage Budapest Water Sanepar OSM BA Province A del Grande B A Aguas Cordeillara EMOS EMOS ESSAL ESSEL EMOS ESVAL Hanse Wasser BWB G M de Desarrollo Izmit Su As Manuas Saneamento ESSEL Nosiwag ESSBIO PVK Tallinna Vesi ESSAT ESSAR ESMAG BVAG Maynilad Water APGA Zhumadian Water Co Yancheng Water Co 79 82 217 133 439 44 193 957 178 94 113 957 138 355 1.0 3.2 1.2 14.0 12.4 2.749 39 21 111 73 83 336 160 78 74 61 35 450 503 18 29 Stake bought 25% 25% 30% 80% 90% 31% 100% 42% 9% 51% 45% 42% 40% 75% 50% 80% 12% 90% 26% 100% 51% 66% 50% 100% 100% 100% 75% 84% 100% 51% 49% USD per person 158 164 100 88 244 39 345 226 196 312 251 230 136 676 448 64 146 51 281 184 220 101 186 90 55 117 1. International Water. the outright acquisition of water assets held by a third party (Cambridge.0 6. the acquisition of privately-owned companies (Utilities Inc.1 14. especially in Chile.2 14.2 12.1 Source: Envisager M&A Database Acquisitions of stakes in subsidiaries of listed companies and unlisted companies Examples here include the buying out of joint venture stakes (AAET.1 2. Cascal and China Water). the real figure is likely to be in the range of USD9. sewage treatment.200 100 Price/tur nover 5. but instead either the equity of an operating company to manage the underlying assets or a minority stake in the asset owning company is being bought.PART 1: THE WORLD OF WATER 2011-12 Equity stakes in municipal/state entities acquired by listed companies This list is by no means comprehensive. Assets are not actually being bought in these cases. but it highlights that USD7. even more dramatically.4 5.0–10. Including other transactions where data was inadequate for inclusion. Completed acquisitions of stakes in municipal/state entities.3 5.5billion.1 3. by bidding company and target.4billion has been spent by the private sector in acquiring equity stakes from governments and municipalities in the past nine years.5 14.

(USDmillion) Year Bidder Target Bid price (USD million) 32 40 60 130 70 131 508 158 405 181 231 160 2. by bidding and target company.330 51 7 760 73 Stake bought 50% 50% 71% 50% 49% 29% 81% 13% 100% 14% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 46% 100% 100% 100% 100% 63% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 12% USD/person Price/ revenues 1.9 3.0 16.7 1. Examples of strategic stake acquisitions in listed companies Information on these activities is particularly poor. by bidding and target company.4 5. These exceptions give an indication of the scope of activities that take place.7 6.150 120 859 70 87 48 191 480 68 350 1. Water Crea Biwater Capital China Water Co Aguas Puerto GH Holdings SAUR Utilities Inc.2 4.3 0.PART 1: THE WORLD OF WATER 2011-12 Completed acquisitions of stakes in subsidiaries.4 5.3 3.8 - 45 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . a strategic relationship (Intan Utilities).5 3.9 0. SAUR Citizens Utilities [1] Azurix NA Wessex Water AWW New Eng Citizens Utilities [1] China Water Co Cambridge Heater Utilities AquaSource Mid Kent Water Aqua Italia SmVaK South East Water Utilities & Industries Aquarion NY Aquarion ASNSM Manila Water 67 70 30 64 40 179 123 101 476 108 330 80 581 678 781 43 301 320 382 820 348 315 885 378 652 1.7 3. (USDmillion) Year 1999 1998 2002 2004 2005 2006 Bidder ACEA Veolia Agbar Agbar Ontario TPP RBS Target Acque Potabili Intan Utilities Aguas Andinas Aguas Andinas Northumbrian Southern Water Bid price (USDmillion) 10 12 210 167 460 Stake bought 11% 18% 9% 15% 25% 25% USD per person 123 111 229 109 236 Price/turnover 2.7 - 1999 1999 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2000 2001 2001 2001 2001 2002 2002 2002 2003 2004 2004 2004 2005 2005 2006 2006 2007 2007 2007 2007 2009 American WW Edison Bouygues Nuon RWE AWG Guangdong Inv Bouygues Nuon Bouygues American WW American WW YTL Kelda RWE Sime Darby CKI Aqua America Aqua America Westpac Amga FCC Westpac Aqua America Aqua America Macquarie OTPP Ayala AAET Intl. as companies are not always inclined to publicise such deals.7 1. usually referring to building up stakes in a company which has been already invested in (Aguas Andinas).7 6.2 2.150 105 Note: [1] Separate parts of the same company Source: Envisager M&A Database The sale by United Utilities of its UK non-regulated and Australian activities in 2010 is not included because of the differences between various stakes in subsidiaries making a realistic understanding of the overall holdings unfeasible.6 2. Completed acquisitions of strategic stakeholdings. a prelude to a bid (Acque Potabili) or a stake divestment by a previous owner to a third party (Northumbrian).

with an average of 307. In previous editions. which is a Veolia joint venture).7 28.0 31.7 531.3 8.5 24.0 0.4 Secondary List Water WW Both 0.6 17. Further details about companies (population served and so on) will be included in the country entries.0 53. Vitens (the Netherlands) in Ghana.0million in 2008).8 792.5 56.0 0.025 contracts covered in the Envisager database that relate to companies with full entries in the Yearbook cover 730. This is an attempt to list local companies which have gained formal PPP contracts.7 WW 53. companies need to have gained at least one water or sewerage contract since 1987 which is still active and serves at least 10. to Cambridge and Mid Kent at the other.0 34. we have noted some smaller.5 225.9 730.7 429. but these activities were gained as PPP projects on competitive tenders.000 people.2 66.9 72.1 9. usually privately held and locally based) means that information about them can be patchy and at times inconsistent. 121 companies in 22 countries have been identified (some of those initially identified have been taken over or have left the sector).2 2. The initial survey identified 97 companies in 17 countries.7million people covered by the 191 contracts held by these companies (it was 32.2 2.8 52.0 147.9 4.0 0.5 134. The last few years have been marked by the increase in the quality of local companies as well as their quantity.7 Both Both 48. This includes the recent sale of Northumbrian water.8 13. 157million of these people are served by companies with a company entry and the other 2million are included in the list below. The 1. In this edition. those already offering private sector provision prior to 1987.9 150.8 12. ranging from Thames Water and American Water Works at one extreme.8 19.1 122. This reflects a shift away from opportunists (water vendors who provide a debatable quality of service based on exploiting deficiencies in the utility‘s service) to enablers.4 217.2 197. These numbers are somewhat distorted.4 2.g.4million people with an average of 712.0 135. companies often working with the utilities to expand and improve services both in currently served areas and where no formal service previously existed.5 58.8 1. One was identified operating in China (North American Envirotech).0 5.4 N 0 12 39 71 53 16 191 N 16 53 204 380 477 86 1216 Water 48.3 250. This excludes companies with joint ventures with the major international companies (e. These remain interesting times.3 388.7 45.6 138. but not Cambridge Water and Bristol Water.5 11. the Eurasian Water Partnership in the Russian Federation.7 99. as these remain in play.9 160. Aguas de Portugal (Portugal) in Brazil and Mozambique and NTR (Denmark) in the Maldives.8 17.1 35.6 568.2 150. compared with 58. To merit inclusion in the following list. 46 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .0 35. LOCAL COMPANIES – LOCAL PSP FOR LOCAL PEOPLE Information continues to emerge about smaller and lower profile companies which continue to merit keeping at least a watching brief on them.7 31.PART 1: THE WORLD OF WATER 2011-12 Source: Envisager M&A Database Looking back.4 171.8 48.0 117.9 28.7 25.000 people per contract.4 The number of companies here operating internationally is relatively small. since they do not include the 159million people served by incumbent companies. Their very nature (unlisted. Vitens and Aguas de Portugal are public companies. The impact of these companies ought to be put into their global context. PMWYB 1985-89 1990-94 1995-99 2000-04 2005-09 2010-11 Total N 16 41 165 309 424 70 1025 Company Entry Water WW Both 48.0 159. 92% of people served by PSP contract awards identified here have been by the 167 companies with entries in the Yearbook. with 8% served by the other 121 companies listed below.000 people per contract. seven companies have changed hands twice during this period and four have been bought and sold three times. local players.5 9.0 48. This is highlighted by the somewhat volatile nature of some companies reported as active in the Russian Federation.

PART 1: THE WORLD OF WATER 2011-12 Smaller company list Project Country Argentina Argentina Argentina Argentina Argentina Brazil Brazil Brazil Brazil Brazil Brazil Brazil Brazil Brazil Brazil Brazil Brazil Brazil Brazil Brazil Brazil Brazil Brazil Brazil Brazil Brazil Chile Chile Chile China China China China China China China China China China China China China China China China China China China China China China China Company Benito Roggio e Hijos Conteras Hermanos/Esuco Phoenix/Sagua Intl/Simali Sagua International Sudamerica de Aguas Aguas de Portugal Aguas de Santo Antonio Aguas de Tucurui Aguia Branca Carioca Christiani-Nielsen Construtora Gautama Construtora Nascimento Emissao Engenharia Emp Sul-Americana de Montagem Empresa de Saneamento de Nobres Global Enghenharia Globalbank Consulting Hidrogesp Materia Perfuracao de Pocos Matonense de Saneamento Novacon Obrecht Engenharia Ambiental Perenge Engenharia Primavera do Leste Telar Villa Nova Engenharia Grupo Hurtado Hidroscan Vicuna Beijing BCEG Changye Group Chongqing Kanda Env Chongqing Taixing EP CNA Group Dalian Dongda Env Eng DKLS Industries Bhd Guangxi Huahong Water Affairs Harbin Wanxinglong Co Hainan Runda Huaqi Hong Yuan Ju Hubai Keliang Bio Tech Hunan Capital Jiangsu Taizhou Water Jinan Shifangyuantong Jiangxi Hongcheng Kaidan Water Affairs Lianheruitong Water Long Quan Group Metronic Ming Hing Water North American Envirotech 47 Parent Country Argentina Argentina Argentina Argentina Argentina Portugal Brazil Brazil Brazil Brazil Brazil Brazil Brazil Brazil Brazil Brazil Brazil Brazil Brazil Brazil Brazil Brazil Brazil Brazil Brazil Brazil Chile Chile Chile China China China China China China China China China China China China China China China China China China China China China China Canada Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .

PART 1: THE WORLD OF WATER 2011-12 Project Country China China China China China China China China China China China China China China China China China China Colombia Colombia Colombia Colombia Colombia Colombia Colombia Colombia Colombia Colombia Colombia Colombia Colombia Colombia Colombia Colombia Colombia Colombia Colombia Colombia Colombia Colombia Colombia Colombia Colombia Ecuador France France France France France France Georgia Ghana Indonesia Kenya Company Qingdao Huaou R&F Properties Group Rong Group Shanghai Fudalefumen Shanghai Qingyue Inv Shenyang Zhenxing Sichuan Huajian Sino-Dutch Water Investment Co Suizhou City Water Supply Suzhou Zhongsheng United Envirotech Wai Kee Holdings Weihai Dean Water Eng Xucheng Industrial Dev Yiqi Group Zhejiang Shangda Zhongchuang Water Zhongxing Telecom Acuasasa Acueductos y Alcantarillados Sostensibles Aguas de la Costa Aguas de la Guajira Aguas de la Mojana Aguas de la Ribera Aguas del Llano Aguas Kpital Aguascol Conhydra Consorcio Almafama Construcciones Insaca Consultores de Desarrollo/Hidrotec Emas/Ingenieria Sala Empresa de Aguas de Giradot Francisco Velasquez Inginieria Grupo Colombo-Cubano Grupo Empresarial Energic Grupo Hydros Ingenieria Sala Ingenieria Total Operadores de Servicos Presea SIE de Colombia Unisaguas Leonardo Armijos Luna Alteau SAEDE SERO Sogedo STURNO Ternois Epuration Multiplex Solutions Vitens PT Buana & PT Dewata Arta Kharsima Gauff Ingenieure 48 Parent Country China China China China China China China China China China China China China China China China China China Colombia Colombia Colombia Colombia Colombia Colombia Colombia Colombia Colombia Colombia Colombia Colombia Colombia Colombia Colombia Colombia Colombia Colombia Colombia Colombia Colombia Colombia Colombia Colombia Colombia Ecuador France France France France France France Switzerland Netherlands Indonesia Germany Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .

PART 1: THE WORLD OF WATER 2011-12 Project Country Maldives Malaysia Mexico Mexico Mexico Mexico Mexico Mexico Mozambique Philippines Philippines Poland Russia Russia Russia South Africa Thailand Uruguay Venezuela Company NTR/HOH George Kent Holdings Atlatec Bufete Coplata Grupo Protexa Solaqua/TCS Enterprises Wheelabrator/Coplata Aguas de Portugal/Mazi Mozambique Calapan Pamatong Aquarius Eurasian Water Partnership Russian Utility Systems Syzranvodokanal Amanz' aBantu Services/Uzinzo EGCO STA/Benencio SNC Lavalin Parent Country Denmark China Mexico Mexico Mexico Mexico Mexico USA Portugal Philippines Philippines Poland Russia Russia Russia South Africa Thailand Uruguay Canada 49 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .

PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS 50 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .

204 1.7 M EUR5.0 M N/A EUR10. without a commensurate development in its infrastructure – the city receives drinking water for 4-6 hours per day and has a single wastewater treatment work built in 1962 with a design capacity of 200.000 to one million).000 75.950 USD8.8 M EUR2.000 85.000 90. and leading to health problems. 77% in urban areas but 1% in rural areas.000 12. Project Kavajë I Kavajë 2 Durrës Lezh-Shëngjin Sarandë Vlorë Pogradec Korçë Tiranë Velipojë Orikum Shirok-Zogaj Ksamil Shkoder Sponsor KfW IPA BB/LUX/EIB(IPA) BB/LUX/EIB(IPA) BB/LUX/EIB(IPA) CARDS KfW EIB/KfW JBIC IPA (2007) Islamic Bank KfW. Territory Adjustment and Tourism and the Committee of Environmental Protection and the National Water Committee. Water quality related epidemics such as cholera and poliomyelitis have occurred in recent years. sewage treatment remains the exception (the first post Cold War WWTW. Untreated effluents are also used for irrigation. Water and sanitation coverage and targets Water – urban Water – rural Sewerage – urban Sewerage – rural 2010 88% 56% 50% 2% 2015 95% 75% 80% 50% USD3.000 Stage In operation Final Design Construction Construction Construction Completed In operation Construction Final Design Design Design Design Design Design Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .000.1 M EUR4.000 12.ALBANIA PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS ALBANIA Economics (2009) GNI per capita GNI per capita (PPP) GDP in Agriculture GDP in Industry GDP in Services Water and sewerage infrastructure Water and sewerage services are managed by the Ministry of Public Works.0 M EUR11.4million and at an estimated cost of EUR120million.000 1. Distribution losses are in the region of 4360% with only 26% of water put into urban networks being billed for in 2006.000 100.0 M EUR10.0 M N/A N/A EUR1. At present. 44% of the population had sewerage services.000.000 56.9 M EUR3. SECO. affecting the soil quality.000 150. serving 125. the first national survey of water utilities found that 76% of the urban population and 60% of the rural population had access to water supply services.000 60. In 2006. serving a potential PE of 2.645 52% 64% 78% In 2011. 14 sewage treatment projects were under development. Population Total 2010 (million) Urban 2010 (million) Urbanisation in 2010 Urbanisation by 2025 Urbanisation by 2050 3.000 50.000 in 1991 to an official figure of 586. SECO Cost EUR5. Albania‘s second city (160. ADA IPA KfW.000 in 2005 (unofficial estimates range from 700.000 250.0 M EUR6.7 M EUR67. Durres.170 21% 20% 59% Tirana‘s population rose from 150.000 people having opened in Kavaja in 2005) and leakage from sewerage systems is known to be affecting drinking water supplies.0 M 51 Population 25.000 60.000) had no wastewater treatment facilities in 2001.

Lezhe and Saranda. Albania aims to eliminate water subsidies from 2012.0 20. 40 of the entities have been corporatised.5% 91% 77% 10% Supply per 24 hours 2. with the remaining entities classified as state enterprises managed by the Ministry of Territorial Adjustment and Tourism.2 17. staffing and cost-recovery. and to improve sewerage systems throughout the country. It is designed to encourage the use of concession contracts for mobilising project finance with contracts of up to 30 years and ten year extensions to be implemented.1 2.5% 55.0 20. as well as wastewater treatment plants and drinking water supply for Saranda.8 1.000 people.000) Sarande (34. In 1999. of which 8 were understood to be covering their costs in 2003. with none of the companies achieving break even (a working ratio of less than 1.5 1.5% 98. Areas of concern were the lack of progress in non-revenue water.0).0% 99. Aquamundo also operates the drinking water and wastewater disposal services in the town of Kavaja. the World Bank approved a USD15million Municipal Water and Wastewater Project to support the Government's efforts to implement institutional and financial reforms in the water supply and sanitation sector.3 12.000 inhabitants. In 2003.9 1. with 77.1 6. In addition. The corporatised entities are regulated by the Water Supply and Sanitation Regulatory Commission.000) Fier (120.0% 100. Since 2000.1 4.000) Start Year 5 Target Start Year 5 Target Start Year 5 Target Start Year 5 Target Area with 2 hours of supply 38% 100% 76% 88% 100% 98% 95% 92% 99% 46% 100% 93% Water quality compliance 96. Urban Data Served by piped water Access to sewerage With sewage treatment Management contracts In 2003.3 6. Additional resources will be required to rehabilitate water supply systems in areas other than Tirana and Durres. VE and RWE) and Aquamundo (40%.6 1.9% 98.5% 88. a basic service is in effect universally available and of compliance quality. serving 450. Berlinwasser had a 30 year water and wastewater concession for the town of Elbasan which was suspended by mutual agreement after five years in 2007 due to difficulties in tariff and taxation mechanisms.7% 98.ALBANIA PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS PSP plans and practicalities There are 54 water supply enterprises.7 1.9 13.8 6. The EU‘s PHARE programme has concentrated on sanitation rehabilitation. but management remained with the municipalities. Amiantit of Saudi Arabia) gained a five year EUR4million contract to take over management of water supply and wastewater disposal in Durres.1 Collected revenues rose by between 79% and 340% with metering rising from 0% in three cities to 2045%. the EU‘s PHARE programme supported the design and construction of a wastewater treatment plant for the cities of Vlora and Pogradec. Legislation transferring responsibility for water supplies to communes and municipalities and allowing PSP was enacted in July 2000.000) Lezhe (24.0 6. Berlinwasser International (60%. Fier.6 1.0 Collection rate 39% 56% 79% 33% 81% 79% 33% 64% 79% 33% 73% 79% Working ratio 4.0% 99. Between 1999 and 2001 EUR205million was invested in projects by the international community.9% 98. Town (population) Durres (270.0% 98.8 1.0% 98.7 1. 52 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .5 23.1 6.1 3. An update on the 1996 Water Law was unveiled in draft form (the Water Management Law) in 2010. The World Bank noted that performance progress was materially better than when in two previous projects funds were provided. with investment more biased towards water provision and treatment from country donors.

7km 3 546m 6. In 2001. Their long-term aim was to be involved in the PSP of the Greater Tirana Water Supply and Sewerage Enterprise. Geneva. Presentation to th Horizon 2020. Istanbul.000 people. Switzerland World Bank (2004) Albania: Urban and Rural Water and Sanitation Reforms.4% 27% 11% 62% Amga and ACEA both hold 32% of Tirana Acque. Shanghai. The Berlinwasser/Aquamundo (Amiantit) five year O&M contract for four towns (100.248m 3 0.5million four year management contract for the city. United Nations Economic Commission for Europe. Newsletter of the Water Supply and Sewerage Association of Albania.ALBANIA PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS Source: Webster M (2009) The Albania 4-Cities Management Contract: Did it work? Presentation to th the 5 World Water Forum. 6-3 (December 2005) Gjinali E (2011) Current situation of the wastewater treatment plants in Albania.2k 3 2. which was completed in 2005. 7-2 (October 2006).000 people) and the Aquamundo four year O&M contract for Kavaia have both been completed. Turkey Fresh water Annual availability (2000) Freshwater withdrawals (2000) Per capita Percentage withdrawal (2000) Domestic (2000) Industrial (2000) Agriculture (2000) 3 41.7km 3 1.6km 43% 37% 21% Private sector contracts awarded (Please see the relevant company entry for details) Location Contract Company Private sector company operations (Please see the relevant company entry for details) Population served Company Parent company (country) Water Sewerage Total Sources: UNECE (2002) Environmental Performance Review of Albania. 73 (December 2006). China 25-27 May 2005 BURIMI. Hotel Tirana. 11 April 2011 53 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . serving 650. an Italian consortium formed to take advantage of bilateral agreements between Italy and Albania. Paper at the Scaling Up th Poverty Reduction conference. but this has not seen much development in recent years. Groundwater Annual availability (2002) Per capita Annual withdrawal (1989) Domestic (1998) Industrial (1998) Agriculture (1998) 3 6. they gained a EUR10.

Agence Nationale de Realisation et de Gestian des Infrastructures Hydrauliques pour l‘Irrigation et le Drainage (drainage) and Office National d‘Assainissement (wastewater treatment) have been combined under a single agency. but many of these are understood to be out of service. The National Sanitation Office in 2005 observed that current tariffs only cover 10% of operating costs and in consequence.7km 3 185m 54% 22% 13% 65% 80% 95% 30% 54 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .1million people living in the 75 secondary towns and cities by 2025 will cost a further USD2billion for water and USD4billion for sewerage and sewage treatment. the National People‘s Assembly (APN).555 66. Algerienne des Eaux (water provision). It specifies penalties for breaking environmental regulations and creates "water police" to enforce them. partly due to the poor condition of the networks.5% 74% 3 14. There are 54 wastewater treatment works. where provided on an organised basis. Population Total 2010 (million) Urban 2010 (million) Urbanisation in 2010 Urbanisation by 2025 Fresh water Freshwater total Freshwater withdrawals(2000) Per capita Percentage withdrawal (2000) Domestic (2000) Industrial (2000) Agriculture (2000) PSP The Algerian Government‘s Agence Nationale de l‘Eau Potable et Industrielle et de l‘Assainissement has opened the sector to private sector finance and management. all water and sewerage services. Finance is currently provided by the state. Algeria's parliament. and irrigation infrastructure and allowing public water and sewer services to take on private partners. Algerienne des Eaux (ADE) was owed DZD25billion (EUR293million) in 2003 because of irregular payments by customers and illegal connections. with a total PE of 3. from management contracts towards full concessions. 92% of the urban population receives piped water but supply is intermittent. brought in the law 05-12 in August 2005 updating water management legislation including a new tariff system to cover the actual costs of renovating and expanding potable water. starting with Suez‘s 5+5 year management contract for water and wastewater services for Algiers. with distribution losses estimated at 40% in 2003. for now concentrating on large plant BOT projects.424 USD8. Agence National des Barrages (dams).7million.130 12% 55% 34% 35. a PSP plan has been put into action. along with World Bank. sewer. worth USD5-6million pa. and give the Government more power to regulate water quality and protect areas with vulnerable ecosystems. were provided by the state. PSP will be introduced in stages.468 23.ALGERIA PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS ALGERIA Economics (2009) GNI per capita GNI per capita (PPP) GDP in Agriculture GDP in Industry GDP in Services Service expansion plans Until recently. From 2006. African Development Bank and the EIB providing project funding.3km 3 6. Urban Data Served by piped water Access to sewerage With sewage treatment USD4. Extending sewage treatment to the rest of the population living in the 13 major cities will cost an estimated USD450million by 2020 and extending water and sewerage services to the 1. encourage water-saving irrigation methods.

000 1.630. A similar pattern is expected for forthcoming awards.300.000 in 2000 and 41.000 Water and WW outsourced 970.000 Geida Befesa (Spain) 2.000 - Desalination projects and prospects Facility Hamma Cap Dijnet El Tarf Mostagenem Jijel Capacity 3 (m /day) 200.200million m .000 Gelsenwasser Gelsenwasser (Germany) 1. May 2005 (6/5) & July 2005 (6/7) Water Market Middle East (2005) Global Water Intelligence.000km by 2016. 56 of which were sewage treatment plants 3 and 67 were lagoons. against an estimated 3 sewage effluent generation of 1. City El djazair Algiers Wahran Oran 2000 2.000 1.000 0 Sources: Global Water Intelligence.000 Cost (USD) 250million 100-140million 55-60million 100-140million 55-60million Comments 25 year BOO awarded to GE (USA) & AEC (Algeria) DFBO under consideration DFBO under consideration DFBO under consideration DFBO under consideration GE Infrastructure Water & Process Technologies holds 70% of the operating company for the Hamma contract.000km by 2010.000 0 1. Private sector contracts awarded (Please see the relevant company entry for details) Location Contract Company Hamma Desalination BOO GE (USA) Taksebt Water treatment Suez Athmania Water treatment Suez Algiers Water & wastewater Suez Annaba Water & wastewater O&M Gelsenwasser Skikda Desalination BOT Geida Tenes Desalination BOT Geida Honaine Desalination BOT Geida Oran Water supply concession SDE Oran Private sector company operations (Please see the relevant company entry for details) Population served Company Parent company (country) Water Sewerage Total 6.000 0 2. 22-24 May 2011 55 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . The total treatment capacity was 700million m pa. Oxford.500.000km in 1995 to 24.300. against 123 in 2011.800. Dubai. with the Government‘s AEC holding the remaining 30%.ALGERIA PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS The sewerage network has been expanded from 21.000 Hamma WD GE (USA) & AEC (Algeria) 1.630.000.000 50.000 SDE Oran Agbar (Spain) 1.000 770.500.000 3.000. There were 6 sewage treatment facilities in 1990.000. connecting 86% of the population. UK Hammouche H (2011) Algeria report country.595. Presentation to the Arab Water Council.000.000 Suez Suez (France) 6.000 1.000 50. 40 new sewage treatment plants are planned from 2010-14 with the aim of comprehensive sewage treatment by 2020. It is planned to rise to 47.500.000 100.000.000 100.000 2015 Comments 3.

all built before 1990 at a time when they did not need to pay for energy.5million of the EUR21.7million people (60% of the 2002 population) live in 19 towns and cities.1million in Yerevan.4% in 1990 to 11. In 2000 ACEA (Italy) and Lotti and Associati e WRc (Italy/UK) started an operations and management contract for Yerevan.000 of these being metered and 28. with 245. PSP There have been three outsourcing contracts awarded to date. Water supply systems are operated mainly by pumps. In 2000. Lori & NA 2005 2009 4 10-22 12-57% 50-93% 47-58% 78-97% The Yerevan management contract The World Bank has made two loans worth USD80million to Yerevan for improving water and sewerage services. despite a 50% overall tariff increase in April 2004.500 in 2002 to 311. Instead of charging domestic customers for a nominal per capita consumption of 250L/day. Service indicators Water provision (hours/day) Metering Revenue collection Armenia W&S 2004 2009 4-6 13 40% 72% 48% 84% Shirak. but 52% of the 15 smaller towns. Sewerage services cover 88% of the population in the four cities with more than 50. This fell to 5. utilities sold just 177million m of the 540million m of water they abstracted. There are 20 wastewater treatment works. By 2002. The Armenia Water & Sewerage Company serves 619. the contract expired and a 10 year management contract was awarded to SAUR in 2006 with EUR160million of EBRD support. In 2005. covering 375. including capital costs. five WWTWs were still in operation.000 people. concentrating on reducing distribution losses and expanding service provision. covered by the users in compliance with the 1997 Water Code. 1. The municipal wastewater and water supply investment costs are financed mainly by municipalities themselves.ARMENIA PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS ARMENIA Municipalities are responsible for the water supply and wastewater treatment of communities. just 21% of billed accounts were paid. This project is being supported by the EBRD.2million funding requirement.000 people in five towns and 61 villages.0% in 2003 and to about 4% in 2005. The percentage of tap water samples with bacterial contamination rose from 9.6% in 2000. etc). Public waterworks served 98% of the urban population in 2002. which is providing EUR6.000 people in 37 towns and 280 villages in the Yerevan region.056 by April 2004. In 2002. Yerevan service indicators Water provision (hours/day) Metering Revenue collection 1999 4-6 1% 21% 2003 13 87% 2005 18 87% 86% 2009 20 96% 96% 30% of Yerevan‘s population lives below the poverty line. This has fallen to 0-8% by 2009.000 are non-active accounts (empty apartments. and operation and maintenance costs. Billing collection was revived through the introduction of metering from 2002. With a 66% unaccounted for water 3 3 rate in that year. working out at 100-120L per capita per day. including 1. all at the primary level only. Lori Water Sewerage CJSC and Nor Akunq CJSC have a three year management contract led by MVV (Germany). customers are now being billed for actual usage. The company had a five year (three year with a two year extension) management contract with SAUR between 2005 and 2010. Due to the current energy crisis the operation of pumps is essentially inadequate and water supply is often restricted to 2-4 hours in the mornings and evenings. especially in poorer areas.1% of their income on water services. the bottom quintile spent 8. The introduction of metering has improved service affordability for these people. Private sector contracts awarded (Please see the relevant company entry for details) Location Contract Company Yerevan 6+ year management SAUR 56 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . with an increase in the number of registered customers from 275. The Shirak Water Sewerage CJSC.

2-3 July 2003.000 0 Sources: OECD (2004) Financing Strategy for Urban Wastewater Collection and Treatment Infrastructure in Armenia. Austria World Bank (2005) Project appraisal document 30251.000 SAUR SAUR (France) 750. Yerevan water and wastewater project. Vienna. Paris. France ACEA (2003) Facing a crisis of confidence in PSP in the water sector: The Yerevan experience. OECD EAP.ARMENIA PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS Private sector company operations (Please see the relevant company entry for details) Population served Company Parent company (country) Water Sewerage Total 750. Armenia 57 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . Europe & Central Asia Region th Khachatryan G (2010) Assessment of the Public Private Partnership in the Water Infrastructure of Armenia against the OECD Checklist for Public Action. presentation to the World Bank conference. 25 January 2005. Presentation to the State Committee of Water System.

More than 85% of effluent in terms of its chemical oxygen demand is subject to sewage treatment.0% 2006 83.AUSTRIA PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS AUSTRIA Economics (2009) GDP per capita GDP per capita (PPP) GDP in Agriculture GDP in Industry GDP in Services Water and sewerage services Officially. is expected to be EUR10billion between 2001 and 2012.0% 11.0% 25.0% 28.0% 0. Urban Population 2010 (million) 2025 (million) Urbanisation in 2010 Urbanisation by 2025 Inland water quality Class 1 1-2 2 2-3 3 3-4 4+ USD46. The cost for the maintenance.0% 27.0% 35. Wastewater capital spending is forecast to ease between 2010 and 2015. which has been transformed in recent years as shown below. but has been let down in the past by the lack of effective implementation.0% 2001 81.0% 14. 28% of the population had no sewage treatment.5% 1.0% 5. Most industrial plant has secondary treatment for effluents.850 USD38. The Austrian Waters Act of 1959 is regarded as a sound piece of law.0% 0. while rising for water projects.188 66% 74% 1988 9% 18% 39% 21% 10% 2% 1% 2001 6% 28% 53% 12% 1% 0% 0% 2005 4% 35% 49% 11% 1% 0% 0% Urban Data Services 2008 Served by piped water Access to sewerage With sewage treatment Development of sewage treatment Sewerage and sewage treatment Tertiary Secondary Primary Sewerage only Not connected 100% 95% 100% 1980 3.0% 5.0% 1990 7. all urban and rural households have access to safe water provision and sewerage services. while 7% had tertiary treatment.0% 60. 60% secondary treatment and 5% primary treatment. with full coverage.0% Compliance work and longer term plans The Austrian Government has been using EU legislation since the early 1990s and spending on sewerage and wastewater treatment infrastructure between 1998 and 2003 was at an average of USD655million per annum.0% 10. The National Environmental Plan (NUP) was launched in 1997. Austria met its 2010 sewerage objectives in 2001 along with effective compliance with the EU UWWTD in 2002. In 1990. which results in a 95% reduction of loads from these sources. The proportion of the population connected to sewerage services increased from 38% in 1980 to 72% in 1990 and 89% by 2006.666 6. modernisation and expansion of existing sewage collection and treatment systems. with a 20-25 year period for implementation.550 2% 31% 67% 5.4% 5.5% 0.0% 0. The NUP is currently undergoing 58 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .

000 460.6km 52% 43% 5% 2025 1.AUSTRIA PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS a revision and assessment programme prior to its formal implementation. acquiring some of AWG stakes there. design and construction of water and wastewater treatment plants in Germany and Central and Eastern Europe.801. WTE specialises in services for the planning. and water is seen as being cheap when compared to German water.000 49. is working with Suez on projects and was part of the Maribor consortium in Slovenia. analysts‘ presentation 2001.000 91. EVN is seeking to develop WTE into a water and wastewater service provision entity. and there are reasonable expectations of private-public partnerships evolving. while Energie AG has made investments in the Czech Republic.000 Comments Corporatisation of Vienna Water In 2003.706.6km 3 448m 3 3. rather than outright PSP in the medium term. Private sector contracts awarded (Please see the relevant company entry for details) Location Contract Company Lower Austria Operation of water services Nösiwag Waidhofen WWTW BOT Ariwa LWU Operation of water services LWU 59 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . A degree of agglomeration is taking place.000 230. the Styrian electricity utility.000 143. and Stewag. EVN acquired WTE from Berlinwasser (see RWE company entry). Vienna Wasser set up the Aquaplus private sector joint venture for contracts in Austria and Eastern Europe. Fresh water Total Annual availability (1999) Per capita Annual withdrawal (2000) Domestic (2000) Industrial (2000) Agriculture (2000) Municipal entity Wasserwerke Wein Nösiwag Stadtbetriebe Linz Grazer Stadtwerke Salzberger Stadtwerke Innsbrucker Kommunalbetriebe Wasserwerke Eisenstadt Stadtwerke Klagenfurt Wasserwerke St Pölten Wasserwerke Bregenz 3 84.000 125.000 119.8km 35% 64% 1% People served 1. In 2003. Wasserwerke Wien has been seen bidding for water and sewerage concessions in central and Eastern Europe.000 33. Groundwater Annual availability (2000) Per capita Annual withdrawal (1989) Domestic (1987) Industrial (1987) Agriculture (1987) PSP gently emerges 90% of water is directly provided from municipal utilities. MAJOR CITIES City 2010 Vienna 1.3km 3 2.000 3 22. The Government‘s Water Management Fund is used for the financing of water and sewerage infrastructure.000 285.716m 3 0. along with a comprehensive water resources management plan.540.000 Source: EVN.0km 3 3.

000 170.500 Nösiwag EVN (Austria) 481. 2003 Ministry of the Environment.000 10.000 LWU Energie (Austria) 170. Private sector company operations (Please see the relevant company entry for details) Population served Company Parent company (country) Water Sewerage Total 491. 07-07-2010 60 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . OECD.500 9.000 0 Sources: OECD Environmental Performance Review: Austria. Paris. EVN‘s activities were extended to cover the direct supply of water services to customers and the management of wastewater services. Biologische Gewassergute.000 Ariwa Aquaplus (Austria) 0 10.AUSTRIA PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS During 2005.

Urban Data 2008 Served by piped water Access to sewerage With sewage treatment 78% 92% 20% 61 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .684 52% 56% Azerbaijan Access to improved drinking water and sanitation (urban) Drinking water Household connections Sewerage 1990 82% 66% 1995 85% 68% 73% 2000 92% 74% 73% 2004 95% 76% 73% 2008 88% 78% 51% Source: UNDP WSSINFO.051m 3 212.030 8% 60% 32% 4. This will involve the Corporatisation of the entities and is part of a general drive towards cost recovery for water services. Unaccounted for water accounts for at least 50% of urban supplies. Secondary cities and towns With water treatment works With sewerage network With wastewater treatment works Fresh water renewable resources Total Annual withdrawals (2000) Per capita Annual withdrawal (2000) Domestic (2000) Industrial (2000) Agriculture (2000) 62 15 29 19 3 30. Goychay.639 5. Economics (2009) GDP per capita GDP per capita (PPP) GDP in Agriculture GDP in Industry GDP in Services Urban Population 2010 (million) total 2025 (million) urban Urbanisation in 2010 Urbanisation by 2025 USD4. June 2006. Sewerage services cover 78% of the Greater Baku area and 32% of other urban areas. corporatised entities. with water typically available for four hours a day in Baku and considerable indirect evidence of contaminated water supplies.AZERBAIJAN PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS AZERBAIJAN In Baku and the major cities. UN JMP. This is due to investment in infrastructure effectively ending in the late 1980s.6km 5% 28% 68% In June 2003. Some 50% of Baku‘s sewage effluents are treated.9million in government financing to construct and rehabilitate the water supply and sanitation infrastructure in the towns Agdash. the Asian Development Bank approved a USD30million loan. which will be combined with USD9. In December 2004. with 30% of samples failing bacteriological standards in 1996. and Nakhichivan. the Apsheron Regional Water Company for water and the Baku Wastewater Department.25km 3 2. 95% of the population is connected to water supplies. A further 1. the World Bank‘s Public-Private Infrastructure Advisory Facility started consultations over possible private sector provision of water and wastewater services in the Greater Baku metropolitan area. Service delivery is a severe problem.7million people are served by 59 Vodokanals (public water utilities). 2010 Baku‘s water and wastewater services are operated by two independent. compared with 83% in other urban areas and 11% for rural areas.840 USD9.3km 3 17. and the Govsani WWTW was upgraded in 2005 for EUR35million. These are still ongoing. which has been adopted by the central government in 2005.

000 2025 2. World Bank 62 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .000 BWI RWE Germany / VE (France) 50.000 0 Source: World Bank (2000) Azerbaijan Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Review and Strategy.AZERBAIJAN PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS City Baku 2010 1.000 Comments Private Sector contracts awarded (Please see the relevant company entry for details) Location Contract Company Imishli 10 year water O&M BWI Private sector company operations (Please see the relevant company entry for details) Company Parent company (country) Population served Water Sewerage Total 50.972.291.

70 66. Currently. The leading cities are Manama (140.00 106.0million gallons 25. The 218.62 26.70 61. The Tubli facility is currently being expanded under a USD20million contract with Bluewater Bio of the UK and will raise the facility‘s capacity from 3 3 200.0million gallons 15. GDF Suez gained the 20 year Al Dur IPWP 3 (water and energy) project.000 560. 63 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .0million gallons 7. This includes an 18% loss through poorly fitted domestic systems.000m per day by 2013 with a PE of 800. The BOT contract was awarded to Samsung (45%). 30% of these to tertiary standard.000. construction is set to start for a USD250million 160. Abu Dhabi) and United Utilities (UK.000 340. In 2000. Recycling of other used water resources has been developed. with the recovered water contributing to 4% of water needs. peak desalination production for domestic water was 144million gallons per day through seven plants: Al Hidd 1 Al Hidd 2 Sitra Ras Abu Jarjur / Al Dor Alba Durrat Al Bahrain 30.000). Desalination realities In 2010.000 customer accounts in 2004. there were 148.000 [1] Consumption data for 2007 Bahrain has reduced its levels of unaccounted-for-water (UFW) from 35% in 1993 to 25% by 2005.11million m of water per day.00 Population 220.000 in 2009. 20%).5million gallons 7. treated effluents from the Tubli wastewater treatment facility are being utilised for agricultural and landscape irrigation and replacing groundwater extraction.000 733. Invest AD Fund (35%.000 people) and Muharraq (74.000 650.000 m per day).000 770. Note: The author is employed as an Advisor to the Board at Bluewater Bio Ltd. The entire Al Hidd water and power facility is now managed by GDF Suez and Suez Environnement 3 (current capacity 136. 81% of the population has been connected to the sewerage network. In 2010. In August 2008. PSP plans In 2011.000m per day wastewater treatment plant in Muharraq. which will enter service in 2013 and be operated as a PPP for 27 years from then. Indigenous water sources (all 3 using artesian aquifers) generate 0. According to the Ministry of Electricity and Water.000 490.00 113. with 60% of these waters going to agriculture.BAHRAIN PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS BAHRAIN Desalination takes over from groundwater The Gulf state of Bahrain had a population of 791. Year 1970 1980 1990 1994 1998 2004 2007 [1] Demand (mg/d) 12. Until the Hidd desalination plant was built. 40% of municipal and industrial effluents were treated.000m per day to 300. 80% of water came from desalination (total production capacity is 143million gallons per day) and 15% from groundwater.75 101. 90% of whom are in urban areas. with the aim of 95% coverage by 2020. 82% of water was taken from groundwater sources. Since 2005.0million gallons 60.000m per day facility is the first RO plant in Bahrain.0million gallons 3 The Durrat facility is the first reverse osmosis plant in the country. with Suez Environnement responsible for the water purification and production. The facility will enter service in 2011 and is 50% held by GDF Suez and 50% by the Gulf Investment Corporation.

In Flanders water and sewage is integrated into a series of Five Year Environment Policy Plans (MINA).7 10. fluorides and phosphates. the water table has fallen by up to 100 metres because of the over-abstraction of water resources. Every two years. Drinking water is generally considered to be of good quality. cost recovery for sewerage is about 70%. Additional legislation concerning integrated permits for the release of wastewater and the taxation of wastewater were passed in 1992 and 1996 respectively. Belgium had the world‘s worst water. An Environment Programme is issued each year. a recovery had been noted. Nationally. as various wastewater treatment plant and sewerage construction programmes started to make an impact. the 1985 decree for the protection of surface water (modified by the decrees of 1993 and 1996). industrial and agricultural users.BELGIUM PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS BELGIUM Economics (2009) GNI per capita GNI per capita (PPP) Agriculture Industry Services Regulation and legislation Water policy in Walloon is based on the 1967 law on non-navigable water resources. with a partial recovery seen by 2003. Even so. The survey examined river water quality as well as drinking water. By 2003. million) In urban areas (2001) In urban areas (2025) In urban agglomerations (2000) Water quality – EU policy and realities According to a UNESCO survey published in March 2003.620 1% 23% 76% 10. just 2% of all surface waters met the 24 basic water quality parameters that year. The most important aquifers used for drinking water production are to be found in Walloon. although it is an important source for drinking water abstraction. million) Urban (2010.310 USD36. Urban Services (2008) % Piped water % Household sewerage % Sewage treated 100% 71% 55% 64 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . In East Flanders. The river Meuse is polluted by industrial effluents including chlorides. the 1983 law concerning water quality objectives and the 1993 regional prescription on environmental permits. Inland water quality I-Good II-Fair III-Poor IV-Bad 1980 56% 17% 16% 11% 1990 17% 31% 15% 37% 1997 17% N/A N/A 45% 2003 29% N/A N/A 27% USD45. and the 1990 decree for the protection and use of groundwater and drinking water. General Water Treatment Programmes (AWP) are being designed especially for surface water. a series of levies have been developed for domestic. a State of the Environment Report (MIRA) is produced. The Brussels region is covered by the 1971 law for the protection of groundwater against pollution. Improvements to the sewage network nd meant that Belgium lay 122 out of 180 in the 2008 Environmental Performance Index. although it is only 30% in Brussels. Population Total (2010. Since 1996. Both ground and surface waters are polluted by nitrates.4 97% 98% 11% The quality of Belgium‘s rivers appears to have deteriorated notably between 1980 and 1990 and between 1990 and 1997. This reflected the cumulative legacy of the country‘s outdated sewage treatment system and a belated acknowledgement as to the challenges the country has to face so as to comply with the UWWTD.

In the Walloon Region. Sewerage is run by Aquafin. 16 private concessionaires (Régies) and 110 municipal organisations. water is operated through Compagnie Intercommunale Bruxelloise des Eaux (CIBE).000 will have to provide tertiary treatment. the stormwater and domestic sewerage systems need to be separated. Some 4% of the population of Belgium had their sewage treated in 1970. 22 intermunicipal consortiums. meaning that all wastewater treatment works with a PE of above 10. It is evident that the country is set to fail to meet the EU UWWTD‘s 2005 target by at least a decade. The limited extent of the sewerage network remains a constraint on the effectiveness of the sewage treatment infrastructure. By 2003. The costs of compliance Regional water budgets 2000 (EURmillion) Region Area Period Brussels Water opex & capex 10 years Flanders Drinking water Annual Flanders Sewerage Annual Walloon Wastewater 2000-04 Renewable water resources 3 Total (2005. m ) Percentage withdrawn (2000) For domestic use (1998) For industry (1998) For agriculture (1998) Private sector participation With the exception of Brussels North and some local water provision contracts. water management is organised through the SWDE. the private sector operation of new sewage treatment works is currently being developed by corporatising each new facility before putting the operation out to tender. 49% of Aquafin‘s equity was held by the private sector (Severn Trent was the major player with a 20% stake) from its foundation in 1991 to these shares being bought back in 2006. The cost implications are driving the need for private sector involvement for the city‘s third sewage treatment plant.44 714 75% 13% 85% 1% . Water distribution and sewerage are organised in regional groupings. km ) 3 Per capita (1998. the region had 127 wastewater treatment plants in operation. Sewerage and sewage treatment Tertiary Secondary Primary Sewerage only Not connected 1980 0% 23% 0% 0% 77% 2000 36% 6% 0% 37% 21% 2006 49% 8% 0% 27% 16% 2008 63% 8% 0% 17% 12% Since 2001. The O&M contract for the 65 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 Cost 618 620 248 790 20.8 7. of which 13 served cities with a population in excess of 100. 8 intermunicipal consortiums and 22 municipal or urban organisations. the main challenge faced by the Flanders Region is maintaining its investment plans in the face of planning delays. 80% wastewater treatment is expected to be reached by 2007.BELGIUM PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS Developing the sewerage network There were 292 sewage treatment works in 1988. According to the Government. water is operated through the VMW. The distributors are usually responsible for the production of the water. This rose to 23% by 1980. In the Brussels region.000. the entire Walloon region has been classified as a sensitive area under the EU‘s UWWTD. In the Brussels Region. although they sometimes also produce for other regions or buy the water from regional producers. In Flanders. PSP for sewage treatment in Brussels In Brussels. This means that the region is unlikely to achieve universal sewerage coverage by 2015 at the earliest. the sector remains in public hands. km ) 3 Freshwater withdrawals (1998.

000 Aquinter Tractabel (Suez.000 985.000 Aquiris VE (France) 0 1.BELGIUM PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS first facility in Brussels was in fact won by the municipal water company and thus remains in the public sector. The BOT for the Brussels North sewage treatment works was bid for by VE. The facility will cost EUR290million and construction started in 2002 and was completed in 2006.135.000 Status Brussels North WWTW PSP - Private Sector contracts awarded (Please see the relevant company entry for details) Location Contract Company Brussels North Sewage treatment BOT Aquiris West Flanders Water management for IWOV Aquinter Flemish Brabant Water management for IWVB Aquinter Private sector company operations (Please see the relevant company entry for details) Company Parent company (country) Population served Water Sewerage Total 300. Besix.000 and costing GBP125million.000 2025 1. serving a PE of 360.948.6million pa will be generated over the BOT‘s 20 year life. Bouygues and BSUB (Seeghers.135.000 66 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . Suez.000 Antwerp 965. Planning and construction of the Brussels South sewage treatment works started in 1992 and entered service in 2000. It is to be operated by Brussels‘ CIBE.000 0 1. MAJOR CITIES Population 2000 Brussels 1. Revenues of EUR49.904. UU and Bechtel) and was awarded to VE. France) 300.

Urban Population Total (2010. the cost recovery of services is to be improved through focusing on water metering and collection practices. Urban services Water piped Sewerage Sewage treated Infrastructure development 98% of the population (in 238 towns and 4. The funding of the completion of unfinished sewage treatment plants is being given priority in areas where maximum benefits will occur. while no tertiary treatment facilities are currently in operation. 95% of drinking water supplied comes from localised sources serving one hundred to several thousand consumers. Approximately 55% of the population in these regions (482. The Government believes that 100% of the country‘s groundwater is contaminated with nitrates and in the most intensive farming areas the level exceeds by at least a factor of two the limit of 50mg/l. exceeding EU and WHO standards in 5% of all samples. This improvement is probably due more to the restrictions imposed on industrial effluent discharges and the closing down of certain industrial enterprises. resulting in an improvement in their quality. In regions with mining and heavy engineering industries. Bacterial contamination has increased in recent years. million) Total (2010.4% drink water with high iron. while 0. especially in tourist areas.123 50% 57% 1993 35% 65% The period after 1989 has seen a significant reduction of discharges into surface water and ground water bodies. the drinking water also contains metals and arsenic.278 villages) are covered by the mains water supply. than due to industrial water treatment projects. million) In urban areas (2010) In urban areas (2025) Inland water quality I-II Very Good/Fair III-IV Poor/Bad USD5. The OECD has also noted a gradual improvement in river water quality between 1990 and 1994. along with the implementation of a water effluent charge. Under these plans. manganese and zinc levels.290 6% 30% 64% 5. Many of the new municipal wastewater treatment plants are currently incomplete because of the problems in obtaining suitable funding. The Government believes that it will take some decades to address the country‘s water infrastructure 67 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 96% 91% 40% . Co-ordinating bodies are being developed at the river basin level.6% drinks water with excessively high lead and arsenic levels.983 people). Integrated water resource management is currently being developed through the strategy for unified management of waters and the strategy for development of the use of water resources and water preservation. Of these people. 99. It is understood that most of the sewage treatment capacity is to the primary standard. The Law on Waters was passed in 1998.357 5. In addition.BULGARIA PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS BULGARIA Economics (2009) GDP per capita GDP per capita (PPP) Agriculture Industry Services Legislation and management The Ministry of Environment and Waters is responsible for co-ordinating water resource management and development. the Government is to develop and implement a permit system for effluent discharges using a phased approach with interim limits and enforceable compliance schedules. periodically receive sub-standard water.770 USD12.

0% 33. According to the Government.92 895 50 1% 78% 19% The EBRD is carrying out a number of projects concerned with its Danube River Basin plan (DDEMPDanube Delta Environmental Management Programme) for the Sofia Municipality and a number of other towns for developing initiatives for the financing of non-sovereign projects for water provision and effluent treatment. in villages this percent is 0. State of sewerage and sewage treatment development. Sewers are of a mixed type.3% 2003 1% 37% 2% 28% 32% 2005 1% 37% 3% 28% 31% 2009 1% 42% 3% 25% 30% Bulgaria joined the EU in 2007.0% 0. The EU‘s ISPA has provided grants worth EUR238million for 16 projects with a total 68 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . km ) Fresh water withdrawals 3 Per capita (2000.37billion (EUR1.6%.000 people and to build wastewater treatment plants for BGN3. The Government hopes to raise at least 40% of the required funds through private investment in the form of concessions.000 2. Bulgaria‘s ―National Programme for Priority Construction of Urban Wastewater Treatment Plants‖ for settlements of over 10.0% 34.9% 30.000 population equivalent (1999-2014). 2008 PE of settlement Less than 2.BULGARIA PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS shortfalls. m ) Percentage Withdrawals (2000) For domestic use (2000) For industry (2000) For agriculture (2000) PSP and investment 19. The length of the urban sewerage network in 2001 was 7.77billion) is needed for the rehabilitation of the water supply network and reduction of water losses.8billion). Currently the main objective is to develop methods of financing investment into infrastructure.4% 0. Up to now 62 urban wastewater treatment plants (WWTP) have been constructed. According to the Implementation Programme until 2014. BGN3. The number of settlements connected to a sewerage system that year was 272: 167 cities and 105 villages.4billion (EUR1. There were 14 primary and 56 secondary and tertiary plants in operation by 2010. it needs BGN6.000 Number 393 411 124 Treatment 9 22 55 Full sewerage 0 15 14 Freshwater 3 Total (1998.000-10. Implementation of the improvements will be the task of an executive agency for water supply and sewerage to be established by the Ministry for Regional Development and Public Works. Over 20% of sewers need to be replaced. Development of sewage treatment Sewerage and sewage treatment Tertiary Secondary Primary Sewerage only Not connected 1993 0. The Ministry plans to construct sewerage systems in cities of more than 30.000.000 and 10. This Programme is currently being updated to include settlements with population equivalent between 2.8% 35. and JVs.8billion (EUR3. from which 11 have only mechanical treatment of the water and 51 have also biological treatment.5% 1998 0.6billion) to modernise its water supply and sewerage systems to comply with European Union standards. EUR2. operation and management contracts.5% of the total length of cities‘ streets.4% 33.7% 31.718km against 400km in villages.218million is needed for building the sewerage systems and wastewater treatment plants for all 430 agglomerations that are within the scope of the Urban Wastewater Treatment Directive. They service over 53 populated areas and 40% of the population of the country. The Government has identified the construction of a series of tertiary treatment facilities as one of its main current priorities. The sewerage system covers 48.000 More than 10. The remainder would come from grants and loans from the EU ISPA programme and the European Investment Bank (EIB). adopted in 1999 by the Council of Ministers entails the construction of 81 new wastewater treatment plants and the rehabilitation and upgrading of 23 operating plants.4 6. mainly with concrete and steel-concrete pipes.

after a PSP programme was developed with the EBRD in 1996.000 Status Water & sewerage services PSP PSP for Sofia’s water services ViK (Vodosnabdjavane I Kalanizatsia) was founded in 1884 and is responsible for Sofia‘s water and sewerage services.000 2025 1. state controlled water companies have been restructured into corporatised entities with 49% of their equity transferred from the state to the municipalities.500. Five companies have pre-qualified: Suez. Groundwater 3 Total recharge (1998.500. By 2015. The proportion of bills collected has increased from 75% to 90%. m ) 3 Withdrawals (1988. including 1.196.500. km ) 13.215. VE and Thames). having originally been set to be privatised in 2002. polling found broad support for shutting supplies to non paying customers. who owe BGN34million to the utility. with 30% losses by 2004. IW‘s shares were acquired by UU and the EBRD in December 2003.598 5.000 ViK Veolia Environnement (France) 1. Private sector contracts awarded (Please see the relevant company entry for details) Location Contract Company Sofia 25 year water and sewerage concession ViK Private sector company operations (Please see the relevant company entry for details) Company Parent company (country) Population served Water Sewerage Total 1. Since 1998.000 1.000 people) and Shumen (200. MAJOR CITIES Population Sofia 2010 1. 1.0 Two 25 year concessions covering 0. Distribution losses in Sofia fell from 64% in 1996 to 52% in 1997.5million people served by the utility.2million in the city.000 individual metered accounts.000 people) concessions involve capex of USD74million and USD51million respectively.67million people in northern Bulgaria are still under consideration.700km sewerage system has been extended to 2. The city‘s 1. UU. In March 2005. The Varna (470. Cascal (now Sembcorp).BULGARIA PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS value of EUR330million. km ) 3 Per capita (1998. VE.000 69 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . BGN300million will have been invested in the service. Structural funding worth EUR935million for water and wastewater projects is being made available between 2007 and 2013 as part of the EU Accession process. 51% of ViK‘s equity was sold to International Water and United Utilities in 2000.086km. BGN130million was invested between 2000 and 2004 against a planned investment of BGN125million.4 1. 80% being domestic and 20% being commercial and municipal clients. with 800.

ONEA has the reputation of being one of the best performing companies in Western Africa. July 2004 International Secretariat for Water (2005) Blue Book. A commission of NGOs.Access to improved drinking sources Urban . In 2002. which will provide a daily water output of 60.000 who currently receive piped water in Ouagadougou. The actual connection rate in Ouagadougou is approximately one household connection per 36 people. The Government of Burkina Faso decided in April 2005 to allow private investors to re-enter the water and sewerage sectors on a limited basis.500-2. Sources: WHO / UNICEF Joint Monitoring Plan: Coverage Estimates. Burkina Faso. Water coverage in Burkina Faso WHO / UNICEF estimates Urban . the National Office for Water and Sanitation (Office National de l'Eau et de l'Assainissement) is responsible for water and sanitation in the 36 urban areas. 3 equivalent to USD17. and research groups has stated that the major challenge lies in the adaptation to the conditions and procedures of free trade. 15km from Ouagadougou. During a water shortage in 2003. currently estimated at 80.000. The four dams serving Ouagadougou supply about 70% 3 of the city's demand. 40km north of the city will allow 50. the price of water purchased from private tankers rose from XOF200 per 200L to XOF1.09million in 2010) was growing at 4% pa.Household connections Rural .Household connections 1900 71% 24% 39% 0% 1995 74% 24% 40% 0% 2000 77% 23% 42% 0% 2008 74% 21% 72% 0% In June 2001. much of this on the Ziga dam project. The USD250million dam at Ziga. While the supply of water to Ouagadougou is currently growing by 3% pa. ONEA has been spending USD30million pa on water projects and services in recent years. ISW. Burkina Faso. This programme aims to improve the quality of the private water and sanitation operators. the city's population (1. Montréal.000m per day.Access to improved drinking sources Rural . Veolia and Mazars et Guerard started a five year service contract with ONEA designed to improve the authority‘s management systems in anticipation of the Ziga dam‘s opening in 2006. DKK10. Improved Drinking Water.3million has been contributed by Danida in 2005 for capacity building and related work in this area.000m . Canada 70 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . businesses.000 new customers to be added to the 40.BURKINA FASO PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS BURKINA FASO ONEA. Ondeo Degrémont was contracted to construct a EUR19million water treatment plant on the 3 Ziga pipeline. The Ziga dam will also facilitate 400 more public fountains to the 600 currently in use.50 per m . An agreement was signed with Denmark to start a pilot development program (PADSEA).

As a result. Implementing PSP has been slow.801. Urban data Served by piped water 2008 Access to sewerage Sewerage treated 2006 Freshwater Annual availability (2000) Per capita Annual withdrawal (2000) Domestic Industrial Agriculture SNEC’s PSP … for a while Suez was awarded the 20 year water supply concession for Société National des Eaux de Cameroon (SNEC) in May 2000.4km 18% 8% 74% 2010 2.655 18.000 Comments SNEC PSP.0million people and needs XAF11billion in new capital. Currently. serving 4.000 2.000 1. In 2004. A similar level of service is found in Douala. Water deliveries for domestic usage 3 3 are running at 200million m per annum. In 2008.000 subscribers.170 USD2.99km 3 61m 3 0.664.125. the Government is planning to decentralise the daily management of water from SNEC to local governments. 2000-04 SNEC PSP.607. This involves EUR300million capex on network rehabilitation and extension and the fitting of water meters.112 58% 68% 25% 2% 0 3 0. 70% of the population of Yaoundé had access to potable water. along with 11% having sewerage. along with seeking to recover XAF8billion owed by the state. The government subsequently announced that it was seeking a new contract for managing SNEC. the second city.000 2025 2. Urban Population 2010 (million) 2025 (million) Urbanisation in 2010 Urbanisation by 2025 Services in Yaoundé Yaounde‘s SNEC has had trouble breaking even on a 2002-03 turnover of XAF20billion (USD40million). It is 94% owned by the state. with 17% having household piped water in the poorer districts. there were 500 cases of cholera and 13 fatalities in Douala due to people drinking from unprotected wells. Suez announced that this concession was being revoked. with 6% held by private investors. but this has not been implemented. There is no functional sewerage system. 75% of the rural population and 30% of the urban population still lack potable water. SNEC supplies water to over 103 towns and cities including Douala & Yaoundé. down from XAF23billion in 2001-02. 44% of the total population was served with piped water.200 19% 31% 50% 11. MAJOR CITIES City Douala Yaoundé USD1.CAMEROON PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS CAMEROON Economics (2009) GDP per capita GDP per capita (PPP) GDP in Agriculture GDP in Industry GDP in Services Water provision In 2003. SNEC has 194. In September 2004. with the aim of increasing this to 300million m per annum by 3 2010 and 400million m per annum by 2020. 2000-04 71 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .

The priority has been to reduce leakage by repairing or replacing pipes and valves – 50% of Bangui‘s water supply was being lost through leakage – and to extend the distribution network into poorer neighbourhoods.815 households in 1994-95 found that 96% did not have running water and 98% lacked internal lavatories. affecting 9% of the CAR‘s population. in 2004. SAUR ended its involvement with SODECA at this time and the system has experienced increasing problems since 2003. 6% of urban households have piped water and 1% have household sewerage.5billion in 1992. Overall.CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS CENTRAL AFRICAN REPUBLIC The Central African Republic (CAR) had a population of 4. Bouar. 32% had access to safe drinking water and 10% to improved sanitation.. with a negative equity equivalent to 50% of sales. Under the authority of the ministry responsible for water. 72 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . and for large consumers there was a rise of 65%. The African Development Bank is currently supporting a project to improve these services in Bouar. This rise was due both to the 1992 tariff increase and to sub-contracted engineering work on behalf of the asset-owning company. 86% of people living in urban areas are regarded as having reasonable access to safe drinking water and 43% for sewerage. the ICRC helped SODECA make emergency repairs to water systems serving some one million people in Bangui and seven towns (Bambari. SODECA was capitalised in December 1991 as a limited liability company in which the State holds a 25% minority stake. The capital Bangui had a 13% water connection rate and a 1% sewerage rate in 1993 with no sewage treatment facilities.4million in 2008. but staff numbers have subsequently stabilised. SODECA was allowed to increase the water rates for the first time since 1984. Carnot and Ndele). The next phase is bringing services from the street level to the household. Bozoum. in 1992. Bouygues‘ SAUR-Afrique was invited to develop a management plan and a related performance contract. At the beginning of 1989. water services continued to be prone to multi week breakdowns. The rate for the first segment of consumption was doubled. The new private operating company was given two objectives: to cut water rates and to restore the sector's financial balance securely. Bossangoa. …when there is peace The 2002-03 rebellion in the north of the country severely affected drinking water supplies. the CAR‘s Société Nationale des Eaux de Centrafrique (SNE) was virtually bankrupt. 21% of staff left in the first year due to voluntary redundancies and natural wastage. A survey of 5.5billion in 1995. As a result. the company had moved from near-bankruptcy in 1988 into a viable entity that was providing funds to the Central Government. Figures have varied appreciably in both directions in the past two decades. with the creation of Société de Distribution d'Eau de Centrafrique (SODECA) as an operating company and Société Nationale des Eaux de Centrafrique as an asset-owning company. In 1991. In 1988. while for hydrants it was increased by 16%. SAUR-Afrique was granted a 15 year concession to operate SNE‘s assets. In fact. In the Central African Republic. with no access to safe drinking water for the region. In 2011. At the same time. network expansion and upgrading has taken place along agreed lines. Following the overthrow of the Government in the CAR in March 2003. Making water provision viable. Bouar lost all water services in December 2003 and by 2009. 39% living in urban areas. SNE and SODECA fix tariffs and modify them according to an agreed formula. SNE continues to exist as an asset-holding company. Berberati. PSP for water was developed in 1991.. turnover from water sales increased from XAF1. By 1996. to XAF2.

The price of the first. it was estimated that the water supply rate for the entire population of Chad in towns of more than 2. it is possible to walk across the lake.230 24% 36% 40% 3. Lake Chad has dwindled from 350. the lake is rapidly disappearing because of irrigation and heavy usage. In addition to existing in the 11 urban concessionary centres operated by STEE.000km² between 6000 and several hundred years ago (having nearly disappeared during four dry periods between 8500 and 100 BC). Urban data Served by piped water Access to sewerage Sewerage treated USD610 USD1.500km². However. it is XAF230 per m /month for towns covered by the STEE and may reach as much as 3 3 XAF490 per m /month (at Pala). The field enquiries also showed that no more than 40% of the population in each urban area use or have access to water distributed via these systems.000 people had access to an embryonic network in the nonconcessionary area. In 2001. less than 10% of the urban population is supplied via a household connection.500 per m .CHAD PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS CHAD Economics (2009) GDP per capita GDP per capita (PPP) GDP in Agriculture GDP in Industry GDP in Services Lake Chad Lake Chad is the only permanent fresh water source in Chad. On this basis.000 inhabitants. Urban Population 2010 (million) 2025 (million) Urbanisation in 2010 Urbanisation by 2015 STEE STEE is responsible for water and electricity supplies. facilities are spread over 85 of the 175 urban areas of over 2. In a severe drought.2%) and the French Development Agency (AFD.5% 17% 3% 0% The basic prices of water and connections differ from one system to another.000km² in the 1960s. while 204.179 6. In 2001. to about 26. such as in 1984.000 people was nearly 35%. This was mainly due to profitability problems.8%). There is no sewage treatment and stormwater systems are effectively non-existent. it was only about 1. It is the only lake in the Sahel Region. By 2001. Surrounded by a large wetland.0% 37. The cost of water 3 provision to STEE is in the region of XAF360 per m .000 people were supplied in 2000 by a water system in the concessionary area. about 417. STEE was renationalised after Veolia pulled out in August 2004 after four months of the second phase of the contract. so-called ―social‖ level (15m /month) is 3 3 fixed at XAF105. The price at the stand-pipe is about XAF300 per m and from water3 carriers XAF4. None of the towns has a functioning wastewater disposal system and fewer than 2% of the urban population have sanitary installations with running water.342 28. What remains of the lake is now threatened by proposed mining and drilling in the area although there was evidence of a partial improvement in 2007. being a freshwater body of water with no outlet to the sea. STEE is currently owned by the Government (81. STEE‘s prices have remained unchanged since 1984. the price of 3 water is broken down into three levels. 18. Generally. 73 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . Veolia started a two year management contract involving XAF20million investment including XAF10million of share capital in a venture with a turnover by the end of the period of XAF180million. The price of the second level (15m /month to 100m /month) varies from one town to 3 another.

In addition to EUR10million financing from the World Bank. which included the Government‘s take-over of the long-term debts and the transfer to a separate debtrecovery structure of STEE‘s short-term domestic liabilities. PSP and STEE A concession agreement for the private management of STEE was signed on January 28 2001. The plan was not subsequently implemented. XAF340billion for sanitation and XAF160billion for sewerage.000 Status STEE PSP mooted 3 11. The Agence Française de Developpement (AFD) funded a EUR8.5km 3 1.23km 3 24m 3 1.669m 3 0.CHAD PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS Renewable water resources Annual availability (1998) Per capita Annual withdrawal (2000) Domestic Industrial Agriculture 0. a seven year plan for action was unveiled at a total cost of XAF500billion (USD500million). paid by international donors. United Nations. High Level rd Meeting.1million for the STEE PSP. USA Republic of Chad (2010) Chad Statement. In 2010. with 11% using unimproved facilities and 88% undertaking open defecation.1km 30% 0% 70% 74 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . by 2010 access to improved drinking water was at 46%. Sanitation and Water for all – GF4A Initiative. New York.000 2025 1.445. The Government plans that 10% will be funded by the state and 90% from donors. Groundwater Annual availability (1998) Per capita Annual withdrawal (1990) Domestic Industrial Agriculture MAJOR CITIES City Ndjamena Sources: UN DESA (2003) Integrated plan for Chad‘s water development and management. the AFD also provided EUR5.3million stormwater drainage project in the eastern districts of the town of N'djamena.5km 17% 0% 83% 3 Seven years after the adoption of Chad‘s Integrated Plan. Access to improved sanitation was 1%. 23 April 2010 2010 829. Washington.

but there is no sewerage network or sewage treatment for the city. while at least 30% were using septic systems.REPUBLIC OF CONGO PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS REPUBLIC OF CONGO Financial problems curtail service provision The Société Nationale des Eaux (SNDE). It is regulated by the Ministry of Energy and Water. a management contract to operate SNDE was awarded to Cascal in November 2002. 73% of the urban population had access to safe drinking water against 67% in 2000 and 72% in 1993. 75 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . Gamboma and the nine main departmental towns.749 commercial. principally Brazzaville. which spans some 100. the supply network.523 individual customers. SNDE PSP postponed Despite active interest from the three French water companies at the time (VE. In 2009.995km or 70% of the Brazzaville area. 63% of the population of Brazzaville has piped drinking water. Cascal subsequently declined to enter into the contract and the process has remained on ice. The Government has for some time been seeking to find a suitable way of developing PSP for SNDE. SNDE has not been able to extend its services beyond Brazzaville. The water provided by SNDE is widely regarded as being unfit to drink. 50% of the urban population had direct access to safe drinking water in 1990. while the percentage had declined in rural areas from 24% to 11%. At least 50% of urban households are still using pit latrines. government and industrial customers and 58. and SAUR/Bouygues). Suez. 15-20% of urban dwellers have no access to proper infrastructure. the Congo‘s water management company was set up in 1967 up for the provision of services for urban areas. the capital. Originally set up in the 1950s. The 60. This reflects the impact of population growth even at a time when the networks were being expanded. 1. Pointe Noire. while some 70% of people living in rural areas have no sanitation whatsoever. is now obsolete and can only serve popular districts of the Congolese capital. Mossendjo.279 subscribers in Brazzaville are classified in two groups. Dolisie. which was set up in 1984 to co-ordinate water provision policy. Nkayi.

000 customers. km ) 3 Per capita (2000. Shares in the company have been traded on the Bourse Regionale des Valuers Mobilieres (BRVM) in Abidjan since 1978. with a total of 4. the World Bank supported the refinancing of SODECI on the basis that the lease contract was upgraded into a full concession so as to optimise SAUR‘s management control.000 connections.7km in 1987 to 1. progress has been constrained by civil unrest and UFW has risen from 14-18% to 23%. SAUR holds 47% of the company‘s equity. and 45% being held by private investors. Throughout the life of the lease and concession contracts.000. Overall water usage rose from 0. A 16 year sewerage and wastewater treatment affermarge contract for Abidjan was signed in 1999. SODECI had 500. This has expanded to 345. The lease contract evolved to cover sewerage services. the lease contract was converted into a full concession with an operating life of 20 years.060 USD1. SODECI served 40. m ) 3 3 10.640 25% 25% 50% Côte d'Ivoire is regarded as offering the best water and sanitation services for urban areas in SubSaharan Africa. By 2001. growing to 554. In 1998.000 by 2006. the Government estimated that it will cost XOF266billion to provide universal water and sewerage services for all people living in settlements of more than 3.26km in 1994. 63% of the urban population received piped water in 2006 against 39% in 1988. Overall. Freshwater resources Total water 2001 3 Total (2000. SODECI‘s scope and customer base has continued to expand.COTE D'IVOIRE CÔTE D’IVOIRE Economics (2009) GDP per capita GDP per capita (PPP) Agriculture Industry Services Service provision PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS USD1. Thus the first three decades of SODECI‘s life were marked by the need for government subsidies. the contract was extended to five other municipalities.071 customers in 38 population centres. with 90% of households having access to safe water against 65% in 1988. In consequence.93 51 76 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . Since 2002.000 customers in 409 centres by 1997. By 1973. This was carried out as an additional part of the World Bank‘s structural adjustment programme for the country. but has performed poorly in that it did not give SAUR sufficient leverage to manage the company on commercial lines. the lease was handed over to Société de Distribution d'Eau de la Côte d'Ivoire (SODECI).161 50% 61% 67% 12% 5% 81 0. million) In urban areas (2010) In urban areas (2025) SODECI Bouygues‘ SAUR was awarded a lease contract to manage water provision services in Abidjan in 1959. which was renegotiated in 2007. with 8% being held by the Government and staff.906 18. In 1987. In 1961. SAUR in turn became SODECI‘s major shareholder as it is today. Urban Services Piped water House hold sewerage % Sewage treated From lease to concession The lease contract appears to have ensured a basic level of service. million) Total (2010. Between 1996 and 1998. Urban Population Total (2010. After independence in 1960. XOF21billion was spent on such projects.

In 1993. with SODECI being responsible for the management of these assets.000. The company served 70% of the nation's 7million urban residents including 2million in Abidjan. where rates rarely cover costs and service lags far behind. Groundwater 3 Total recharge (1998. Ivorian shareholders 33. SODECI Personnel 6. USA 77 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . While the concession was granted in 1987. SODECI foregoes direct hookup charges on three out of four of its domestic connections. The cost of SODECI water to consumers is no higher than in neighbouring countries with similar economic conditions. as it has a 98% percent or better collection rate from its private customers.46%.000 2025 6. the managerial changes 3 needed did not take place until 1990-91.28million in 2003. World Bank.25%.Lessons from 50 years of successful private operation. a government-held entity.98%.000 to 400. Ivorian State 3. Gridlines.000. and the rest in settlements ranging from 5. However. m ) MAJOR CITIES Population Abidjan 37.000 SODECI Bouygues 7. SODECI receives no operating subsidies from the state and self-finances all agreed capital expenditure. Since 1980.COTE D'IVOIRE PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS Freshwater resources 3 Withdrawals (2000. with the number of individual connections increasing by 5 to 6% a year. In order to provide services for poor people.000 people.588 2010 4.25% and others 10.000. SODECI managed more than 300 piped water supply systems across the country. km ) 3 Per capita (1998. Washington DC.2 24% 12% 65% The assets are held by EECI. August 2009. SODECI distributed 103million m of water and 3 billed clients for 89million m .000 3. unaccounted for water has been kept below 15-17% and payment of bills has exceeded 97% for private customers.125. km ) For domestic use (2000) For industry (2000) For agriculture (2000) A profitable concession 1. collecting money from government departments remains problematic. SODECI serves approximately 70% of the country‘s urban population and the number of connections grew by 5-6% pa during the 1990s. SODECI had revenues of EUR74. While the company‘s equity remains fairly tightly held. the company‘s bonds are some of the most heavily traded instruments on the Bourse.000 Source: Marin P (2009) Partnering for water in Côte d‘Ivoire . Bouygues holds 46.7 2. 50.06% of SODECI.000 Status PSP By 2000. SODECI was retained by Bouygues when Bouygues sold SAUR to PAI in 2004.321. Private sector contracts awarded (Please see the relevant company entry for details) Location Contract Company Abidjan SODECI concession SAUR Afrique (Bouygues) Private sector company operations (Please see the relevant company entry for details) Company Parent company Population served (country) Water Sewerage Total 7. a policy that pays the company direct benefits.

During the 1991-92 war. Distribution losses were 46% in 1998 and 43% in 1999 and rose to 46% in 2003.89 per m .62 per m in 2005 to 11. the price should be about HRK12. for example the Split Water and Sewerage Company (SWSC). The Government seeks to raise the public water supply connection rate from 62% in 1991 and 73% by 2000 to 90% by 2005. Urban Population 2010 (million) 2025 (million) Urbanisation (2010) Urbanisation (2025) Implementation From 1995. or EUR1. 2. The Law on Waters and the Law on Water Management Financing were passed in 1995.000 Total None 85 0 0 85 Partial 63 4 0 67 Extensive 41 27 7 75 3 The average water price in Croatia in 2008 was HRK8. Industrial water 3 tariffs in 2008 were HRK12.000 10.22 per m in 2008. Development of sewage treatment Sewerage and sewage treatment Tertiary Secondary Primary Sewerage only Not connected 2000 0% 2% 7% 2005 0% 9% 19% 2006 0% 9% 20% 2007 0% 22% 7% - USD8. 3 3 In Zagreb. where they remained in 2008. Croatia aims to bring its environmental standards into line with EU standards with the long term aim of meeting EU accession requirements. This includes VAT and all contributions to Croatian Water. For full cost recovery. in collaboration with local enterprises in various catchment areas. in 2005 75% of people had piped water. water bills rose from HRK6. 40% sewerage and 12% sewage treatment.5. Croatian Waters also coordinate and finance realisation of the surface water quality monitoring programme which is carried out by the authorised laboratories.000 > 50.CROATIA PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS CROATIA Economics (2009) GNI per capita GNI per capita (PPP) Agriculture Industry Services Management Hrvatske Vode (Croatian Waters) is the principal central government agency in charge of water resource management.722 58% 64% 78 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .546 2. Overall. At the same time.750 8% 28% 64% The development of the sewerage networks is directly related to the size of urban settlements: Population 2. The Croatian Waters company is responsible for carrying out water management activities as defined by the Water Act. 15-20% of the water system was destroyed. Under the legislative framework.000 – 50. the complete regulation of water resources and water management in Croatia is based on the Water Act.44 per m . Municipal entities operate on a city level. administration and inspection is carried out by the State Water Directorate.000 – 10. effluent discharges to bathing waters are being treated as part of reviving the Dalmatian Coast‘s tourist industry.060 USD12. which includes a number of sub legal acts envisaged by the Act.

The coast has 150. is to support a project with Aquamundo for upgrading wastewater discharges into the Adriatic Sea.5million PE capacity.000 Sources: MZOPU (2003) State of the Environment Report – Republic of Croatia. depending on their utilisation and quality. MZOPU. 79 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . Private sector contracts awarded (Please see the relevant company entry for details) Location Contract Company Vodice 23 year wastewater DFBOT WTE Zagreb BOT sewage treatment ZOV Private sector company operations (Please see the relevant company entry for details) Company Parent company (country) Population served Water Sewerage Total 10. Zagreb.7km 3 23. Institut ZA Javne Financije.000 WTE EVN (Austria) 0 10. Croatia. Freshwater Annual availability (2000) Per capita Annual withdrawal (2000) Domestic (1987) Industrial (1987) 3 37.CROATIA PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS Urban Data Served by piped water Access to sewerage Wastewater treated 96% 79% 40% Water quality and environmental spending Surface waters (rivers.000 summer visitors. Newsletter 37.459m 2000 1. groundwaters and coastal sea areas are classified into four classes. KfW made a grant of EUR37. on behalf of the German Government. The Directorate for Environment estimated that USD152million was spent on environmental protection in 1995.067. Groundwater Annual availability (1998) Per capita MAJOR CITIES City Zagreb 3 11km 3 2.5million for this project in 2003. The financing of this work has involved mobilising DEM150million of project finance and DEM250million from multilateral loans and sponsor finance and the facility entered service in 2002. 50% coming from the EBRD. lakes and artificial lakes). July 2008.000 ZOV RWE (Germany)/EVN (Austria) 0 750. Corresponding new environmental quality standards (of maximum allowable concentrations) are now under preparation. Zagreb Bajo A & Filipović B (2008) The Efficiency of the Water Supply in Croatia.000 people.000 2015 1.000 750.000 Comments Sewage treatment facility concession KfW.8km 50% 50% A sewage treatment works for Rijeka (260.183. This is designed to help restore tourism. It can also be assumed that nonenvironmental expenditures are included in this figure.890m 3 0. including eight adjacent municipalities) was built in 1999 for EUR13million.000 permanent inhabitants and some 250. BWI is involved in the DEM400million Zagreb sewage treatment project with a 1. There are no emission standards or guidelines at the national level.

3%. 9. Total Population Total (2010. million) In urban areas (2010) In urban areas (2025) Water quality In 1991-92. million) Total (2010. Here.8% of distributed water in 2002. and with the sale of Prague Water in 2001.75billion sewage treatment works was completed. Before 1990. rising to 81% by 2008. the effluent discharges were found to be cleaner than the river water.1% in 2001. Water lost through leakage accounted for 23. 80 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . 75% of the population was connected to the sewerage network in 2000. Water consumption fell from 410L per capita per day to 188 during this period with water losses falling from 90L per capita per day to 37L per capita per day. compared to 25.5% to 95.8% for COD. The Prague water and sewage company cut leakage rates from 44% of distributed water in 1989 to 30% in 2003 and seeks to cut leakage to 19% by the year 2013. sewerage technology in the then Czechoslovakia was well regarded. when given the money to operate to its intended standards. one of Europe's largest at the time. the initial PSP of water and sewerage services is complete.4% in 1989.1% with the percentage of wastewater being treated rising from 71. with more than 50% being in a 'bad' or 'very bad' condition.CZECH REPUBLIC PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS CZECH REPUBLIC Economics (2009) GDP per capita GDP per capita (PPP) Agriculture Industry Services Sewerage development Connection to the sewage network has increased from 38% to 48% between 1980 and 1992.656 8. Urban Services Safe drinking water Access to sewerage 2003 % Sewage treated 7. In 1990 a CZK3.7%) against 82. In 2008. 15-20% of rivers were classified as ‗bad‘ or very bad‘ with a similar proportion being of ‗good‘ and 'very good‘ quality.310 USD23. By 2007-08.082 73% 76% 97% 97% 73% The economics of water and sewerage The Czech Government has been strongly in favour of PSP since 1993. with a further fall from 2003 as new wastewater treatment plants came on line.4% to 81. almost all rivers were understood to be of III/V class. Sewerage and treatment Tertiary treatment Secondary treatment Primary treatment Sewerage only Not connected 1980 0% 21% 34% 1991 0% 46% 2% 24% 28% 1999 65% 10% 25% 2005 56% 17% 0% 6% 21% 2008 56% 20% 0% 5% 19% USD17.610 2% 37% 60% Effluent discharges into the river networks are seen as having fallen by 94. The main fall took place between 1990 and 1998 with the imposition of various effluent charges.8% in BOD terms between 1990 and 2008 and buy 88. Sewerage connection rates improved from 72.66million people were supplied with drinking water from the public water mains (92. The number of operational wastewater treatment plants rose from 620 in 1989 to 960 by 1999.

declining to 163L in 2002. there was still some work to do here. With the exception of the latter.000 inhabitants by 2010. In 1989. MAJOR CITIES Population Prague Prague Water’s PSP The concession for Prague's water supply companies (Prazske Vodarny) and sewerage service companies (Prazsje Kanalizace a Vodni Toky) was awarded to AWG and VE in early 2001 after the two companies joined forces (a 66% share sale for CZK6. average consumption was 300L per person per day. The agriculture ministry is seeking to advise municipalities on utility sales. so as to provide EU compliant sewage treatment for all cities and towns with more than 2. water consumption has been cut by nearly half.JVS Pibram Water & sewerage concession 1.000 people are equipped with a wastewater treatment plant. Stary & Stod Water & sewerage concession 1.000 2025 1. As of 2008.6 41% 57% 2% PSP and water and sewerage services Since 1993.9.9 187 19. Fresh water 3 Total (2002.85million people have been fully outsourced.000 Status Prague Water privatised . It also intends to use its so-called golden shares in the water utilities yet to be privatised in order to block what it sees as unsuitable sales. km ) 3 Per capita (2000.091.CZECH REPUBLIC PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS Since the end of communism in 1989. which rents the infrastructure and approves water charges to the privatised operating company via a contract.47billion in 2004. All cities and municipalities with over 10. with a 15 year operating contract.ScV 81 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 2010 1. By 2008.) The contract supplies 1.2million in central and eastern Bohemia via the sale of bulk water supplies. The ministry has already used its golden shares to so far block the sale of Vodovody and Kanalizace Zlin in south Moravia to foreign investors.21million people in Prague and a further 0. Nine of these companies.5 (EUR0. with 600 WWTWs needing to be built or upgraded. km ) For domestic use (2000) For industry (2000) For agriculture (2000) 1.62) in 2002. 57 water and sewerage companies have been set up. which includes the agreed price formula. primarily as a result of a 40-fold price rise. with foreign investors involved. shares were offered for alI of these entities.173. subdivided from the original eight regional entities and Prague Water. serving more than 3. while the collection of a cubic metre of sewage cost CZK15. 100% of the population were connected to piped water services and 99% to sewerage. the highest in the country.1billion (USD163million). Private sector contracts awarded (Please see the relevant company entry for details) Location Contract Company Prague Water & sewerage concession PVK South Bohemia Water & sewerage BOT VAK Jizny Cechy Kolln Water & sewerage concession VODOS Kolln Chrudim Water & sewerage concession VS Chrudim North Moravia Water & sewerage concession Severomoravske VAK (SMVAK) Kladno-Melnik Water & sewerage concession Stredoceské Vodárny Susice. effective control of the operating companies has remained in municipal hands through the acquisition of shareholdings. the asset owning company is held by the relevant municipalities and the Government. although in a number of cases. amid concerns that water and sewage works could be sold too cheaply or too quickly. Consumption is also down because of the decline of the country‘s heavy industry.162. The cost of a cubic metre of drinking water was CZK19. With the exception of North Moravia‘s SMVAK. Around 40 concerns remaining in local authority hands. while a similar scenario is set to follow for Vodarny Kladno-Melnik in central Bohemia. but progress was being maintained with the total number of WWTWs in operation rising during the year by 87 to 2. with the balance of the shares being held by the city. m ) 3 Withdrawals (2000. EU compliance related work on the sewerage network and industrial effluent treatment was estimated at EUR2.

000 80.000 331.000 1.000 21. France) 130.238.000 276.000 350.000 Klatovy VE (France) 50.000 PVK VE (France) 1.000 S Berounske Vodovy Energie (Austria) 80.000 Brenske VAK Suez (France) 420.000 VAK Pilsen CTSE (VE.070.000 70.000 VAK Sokolov CTSE (VE.238.000 149.000 VODOS Kolln Energie (Austria) 51.000 51.000 50.000 1.000 1.000 80.000 870.000 350.000 130.000 330.238.000 230.000 80.000 306.000 VAK Prostejov VE (France) 70.JVS Energie (Austria) 276.000 VAK Slany VE (France) 21.000 420.000 Horny Slovak Suez (France) 9.000 Provozni 331.000 130. Private sector company operations (Please see the relevant company entry for details) Company Parent company Population served (country) Water Sewerage Total 1.000 SMVAK FCC (Spain) 1. France) 230.000 VS Chrudim Energie (Austria) 80.000 VAK Jizni Cechy Energie (Austria) 306.000 VAK Zlin VE (France) 157.000 SMV VE (France) 140.465.JVS Beroun Water & sewerage concession S Berounske Vodovy Olomouc Water services SMV Brno Water & sewerage concession Brnenske VAK Ostrava Water & sewerage concession Ostravske VAK Karlovy Vary Water & sewerage concession VAK Karlovy Vary Sokolov Water & sewerage concession VAK Sokolov (CTSE) Northern Bohemia Water & sewerage concession Severomoravske VAK Ostrava Nymburk Water & sewerage concession VAK Nymburk Prerov Water & sewerage concession VAK Prerov Vsetin Water & sewerage concession VAK Vsetin Chrudim Water & sewerage concession VAK Chrudim Cheb Water & sewerage concession Chevak Cheb Hradec Kralove Water & sewerage concession Kralovehradecka Provozni Havlickuv Brod Water & sewerage concession VAK Havlickuv Brod Chocen Water & sewerage concession VAK Jablonne and Orlici Breclav Water & sewerage concession VAK Breclav Kromeriz Water & sewerage concession VAK Kromeriz Uherske Hradiste Water & sewerage concession Slovacke VAK Hodonin Water & sewerage concession VAK Hodonin Zlin Water & sewerage concession VAK Zlin Vyskov Water & sewerage concession VAK Vyskov Sumperk Water & sewerage concession SPVS 27 corporate entities have been identified.000 9.000 306.000 157.000 276.000 21.000 1.JVS Pilsen Water & sewerage concession VAK Pilzen South Moravia Water & sewerage concession Suez Ceske Water & sewerage concession 1.000 140.000 157.000 Kralovehradecka VE (France) 149.000 VAK Karlovy Vary Suez (France) 181.CZECH REPUBLIC PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS Private sector contracts awarded (Please see the relevant company entry for details) Location Contract Company Slany Water & sewerage concession VAK Slany Prstejov Water & sewerage concession VAK Prostejov Klatovy Water & sewerage concession 1.000 181.070.000 180. with the national PSP fund also being a major investor.000 1.000 51.465.000 420.000 Ostravske VAK Suez (France) 330.000 9.000 Stredoceské Vodárny VE (France) 331. the municipalities have retained at least a strategic stake in the operating companies.000 82 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .000 70.000 South Moravia Suez (France) 350.000 ScVK Ostrava VE (France) 1.000 181.000 330.465. Suez and VE as outlined below operate 20 of these companies.000 80.000 0 50.000 149. It is understood that in most of the other cases.

ScV VE (France) 80.800 Source: Pokorný D.000 38.000 Benesov Suez (France) 38.000 SVPS Suez (France) 120. Rolečková E & Němcová J (2009) Report on Water Management in the Czech Republic in 2008.600 120. Czech Republic 83 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .800 96.000 Dalve Suez (France) 37.000 37.000 96.000 38.800 Chevak Cheb Gelsenwasser (Germany) 96.CZECH REPUBLIC PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS Private sector company operations (Please see the relevant company entry for details) Company Parent company Population served (country) Water Sewerage Total 80.600 1.600 80. Water Protection Department Ministry of the Environment of the Czech Republic. Prague.000 37.000 120.

Domestic water prices have increased from DKK13/m in 1993 to DKK52.0% 12.DENMARK PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS DENMARK Water policy and provision Water policy is framed by the Water Supply Act of 1978 (amended 1997) and the Environmental Protection Act (amended 1997).6% 0.5% 0. served by 120 water provision entities. 90% of water works are run privately.000 Krüger / Veolia Vand VE (France) 0 23. There are 540 municipalities.6% 2000 3% 15% 43% 26% 13% 2000 82.000 Krüger / Veolia Vand VE (France) 0 60.1% 42.1% 14. DANVA. with 90% of the population connected to piped water services.6billion) on water provision and sewerage compliance work for 1995-2020. The public water works supply two-thirds of the population. along with DKK4. Denmark 84 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .000 Source: DANVA (2010) Water in figures.4% 0. Water pricing policy is designed to ensure that the total revenue from water charges does not exceed total costs.2% 2001 3% 13% 42% 27% 15% 2004 83. with water consumption falling from 155L per capita/day to 114L per capita per day during the same period.8% 17. although they are usually connected to the municipal sewerage network. In 1994. 99% of the Danish drinking water is extracted from underground supplies. Copenhagen.0% 20. All urban and rural households have access to safe water provision and sewerage services.0% 12. 2003.3/m in 2010. 22% of the tariff goes on water supply. Water is obtained via 30 year water extraction permits. The local private water provision service companies cover 25% of the population. Almost all costs are recovered through water charges. Sewerage and sewage treatment A survey in 1995 identified a spending need of DKK100billion (GBP11.0% 14. Copenhagen.1% 2002 3% 12% 40% 30% 15% 3 3 Private sector company operations (Please see the relevant company entry for details) Company Parent company Population served (country) Water Sewerage Total 60. Many of the targets implied by the survey would appear to seek to use EU criteria as bare minima. Denmark Miljøministerriet (2004) Water in Denmark. phosphorous and organic substances entered into force in 1997.2% 59. while the remainder are run by the municipalities.7% 4. Domestic sewage treatment Sewerage and sewage treatment Tertiary Secondary Primary Sewerage only Not connected Inland water quality 1&2 – Bad 3 – Fair 4 – Good 5 – Very Good 6&7 – Excellent 1980 2. A tax on wastewater for discharges of nitrogen.2% 0.000 23.4% 1999 4% 14% 46% 24% 12% 1990 29.7% 0.9% 3. including appropriation for future investments.84billion in 2009.5% 0.7billion for sewerage and sewage treatment. National policy emphasises the maintenance of the quality of water resources rather than post priori water treatment. an environment tax on drinking water for household use was introduced in order to encourage conservation. 48% on wastewater and 30% on taxes. with a further 10% of the population being effectively self served. Water supplies cost DKK1.

It is believed the real figure is in the region of 50%. 440million m after primary treatment and 260million m after 3 secondary treatment. 210L for urban areas and 490L in Cairo and 475L in Alexandria. LE/m Water Sewerage Total Total Population 2010 (million) 2025 (million) Urbanisation in 2010 Urbanisation by 2025 Infrastructure development costs Since 1983. Water quality problems are mainly salinisation and water logging as a result of the over-exploitation of the Nile. Potable water reached 90% of 3 the population in 2002. sewage treatment capacity has increased by a factor of ten since 2000. Unaccounted for water losses are estimated at 34%. WHO statistics point to about 90. 1900 water treatment works were built.0 21. 88% of municipal and 70% of industrial operating costs for water provision is met by government subsidies.0 9.0 20.506 43% 48% . mainly for agricultural and human use. with 2. Water rates have been frozen since 1992.20 0.20 Cost recovery 0.0 Planned production is based on 140L per capita per day for rural areas.0 11. 5.0 Wastewater Treatment 8. although the lack of metering means that these figures are estimates.690 11% 35% 53% Water Provision 16. Less than 3% of its area is cultivated because of water shortage. During this time.0 12.60 1.50 0. handling 18million m 3 3 per day and wastewater treatment capacity was expanded from 1million m per day to 8.96billion m being treated 3 3 3 and 700million m of this being reused.070 USD5. EGP30billion has been invested in service improvement.9million m per day of treated wastewater is used for irrigation at 63 forests.00 0. These problems affect the productivity of cultivated land.0 33.0 25. Water coverage in 217 urban areas has increased from 97% in 2004 to 100% by 2008. Coverage in 4617 villages was 4% in 2004.2million m 85 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 3 Current 0. ranging from 15-65% by region. rising to 11% in 2008 (including work in progress) with the aim of 40% by 2012 and 100% by 2022 via a LE20billion national plan.4 18. 1. The Nile is already fully utilised. Million m per day 1997 2002 2007 2008 2012 3 3 3 USD2. All villages have had full water coverage since 2008.664 50. although a cost recovery operation has recently been allowed.5billion m per annum of wastewater is currently generated. while aquifers have rising salt levels and pollution ingress.EGYPT PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS EGYPT Economics (2009) GDP per capita GDP per capita (PPP) Agriculture Industry Services Water scarcity is endemic Egypt is characterised by limited land and water resources.000 annual recorded deaths linked to waterborne diseases. With 323 WWTWs in operation in 2008. Urban sanitation coverage rose from 45% in 1993 to 56% in 2004 with the aim of comprehensive coverage by 2012. Reducing leakage to 25% is seen as feasible.5-6.10 36.

5% 44 3 99% 74% 70% 68. More than USD900million of this money has been focussed on sewerage and sewage treatment in Cairo.69 0.7% 145 Recurrent costs 20.75 5.89 4. 86 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .5% 66.21 Total 28. LEbillion 2003 Capital projects Drinking water treatment Wastewater treatment Operating spending Drinking water treatment Wastewater treatment 2.13 6. and non-paying state customers. Since 1975. In Cairo.49 0.EGYPT PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS per day through the construction of 220 WWTWs. This allows for the granting of concessions for up to 99 years to private sector companies.80 0.50 12-17 7. USAID has invested over USD2billion in urban water and wastewater infrastructure serving about 22million people.65 6. Urban Data Served by piped water Access to sewerage 2008 With sewage treatment Aid related funding has been the norm USAID has been the largest single donor in Egypt for urban water pollution treatment equipment projects in Cairo.25 65.96 07-12 7.99 5. Alexandria and other medium-sized cities.74 0.96 2005 2.50 22.09 Private sector participation encouraged In 2000.0% 13. cost recovery and private sector participation.75 5. a law on the ‗grant of concessions for establishment. management and utilisation of water/wastewater utilities‘ was passed. These concentrate on improving the efficiency of the irrigation systems and increasing the amount of treated wastewater used for irrigation. high levels of leakage.2% 4. The Ministry of Public Works and the Ministry of Housing and Public Utilities have allocated EGP3. Recent projects have included connecting 700.96 2007 2. 2003-17 LEbillion Ministries Municipalities Private sector Total Planned spending.96 2006 2. Freshwater Annual availability (1998) Per capita Annual withdrawal (2000) Domestic (2000) Industrial (2000) Agriculture (2000) Environmental legislation A National Water Policy has set out targets for 2017. inefficiency. An intermunicipal policy co-ordinating committee was established to act as a regulator for the water and wastewater sector.94km 8% 6% 86% 0.75 5. along with more than 500.79 0.63 15.30km 3 923m 3 37.59 0.75 5.96 2004 2. Projects seek to treat raw sewage and improve water and wastewater systems of several cities.5billion (along with an EUR90million loan from the EIB) for the Greater Cairo Wastewater programme.85 0. Plan costs.75 5. 20 new water and wastewater treatment works and remedial work to alleviate water source pollution.49 Investment 95.91 0. three potable water reservoirs serving the city at Darassa entered service providing water to 3million people.50 15.000 residents in poor Cairo and Embaba to the sewerage network.1% 0. with the specific aim of encouraging management efficiency.69 0.50 13. This involves an extension of the sewerage network.000 residents in Suez. Revenues only cover 40% of costs because of subsidies.

0km 3 The first major private sector operated facility was to be for developing industrial water provision in the Suez Special Economic Zone (SEZ).000 FCC FCC (Spain) 0 1. A private sector managed system supplies water to most of the hotels in the city's Naama Bay area. along with the tourist resorts.531.000.EGYPT PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS Groundwater Annual availability (1998) Per capita Annual withdrawal (1985) PSP prospects 1.648. In 2001. p5. 3/9.000 Degremont Suez (France) 0 1. pressures for new investment through PPP are likely to return.000. 22-24 May 2011 87 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . MAJOR CITIES City Alexandria Cairo 2010 4.000 Status N/A Wastewater treatment PSP Private sector company operations (Please see the relevant company entry for details) Company Parent company Population served (country) Water Sewerage Total 1. In 2002. Presentation to the Arab Water Council. a USD180million 33 year water treatment BOT contract was awarded to Canada‘s SNC Lavalin.800. In the longer term. Egypt Wahaab R A & Omar E-D (2011) Wastewater Reuse in Egypt: Opportunities and Challenges. and a private wastewater treatment facility is being built that will also supply treated water for reuse. In Nuweiba. Dubai.800.000 2025 5. the Port Said industrial zone is the most likely candidate for a BOT. Global Water Intelligence.000 13.000 1. The BOT plans for water provision for the resort city of Sharm El Sheikh have also been postponed.000 11. Ministry of Water Resources and Irrigation (2005) Water for the Future: National Water Resources Plan 2017.001.000 Sources: GWI (2002). Cairo. Along with Suez. the contract was suspended.387. private companies maintain the city's water and wastewater system. Egypt gripped by wave of pessimism.3km 3 20m 3 3.

2% of drinking water samples failed on chemical criteria and 7.949 69% 72% 97% 93% 80% 1. 60% of the leading 49 WWTWs met EU standards and 89% of people in areas with a PE of more than 2. and 72% being good and 2% being very good. The Tallinn and Kuressaare water treatment works have been reconstructed since 1991 and are regarded as performing satisfactorily. 20. 88 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .060m 3 1. rising to up to 60% in Northeast Estonia.680 4% 28% 67% 0. with nitrogen and phosphorus levels falling by 60% and 75% respectively. Upgrading costs were estimated at EUR512million for facilities with at least a 2.380 USD12. 22% being moderate. including six with a PE of over 100.931 0.000 PE and EUR225million for smaller facilities.4% on bacterial levels in 2000. BOD7 loadings have decreased by 90% by 2008.000 PE and 31 with a 2. most of which are regarded as outdated and are being upgraded.ESTONIA PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS ESTONIA Economics (2003) GDP per capita GDP per capita (PPP) GDP in Agriculture GDP in Industry GDP in Services Drinking water Distribution losses are mainly in the region of 30-35%. primarily due to water tariffs rising 25 times during this period. Urban Population 2010 (million) 2025 (million) Urbanisation (2010) Urbanisation (2025) Urban Data Served by piped water Access to sewerage With sewage treatment Sewerage services There were 730 wastewater treatment plants in Estonia in 2010. The larger ones are seen as being in good condition.000 PE. Overall river quality in 2004-08 was 4% being poor.2km 56% 39% 5% Since gaining independence in 1991. There are 23 water treatment plants in Estonia.4km 3 1. In 2006. while upgrades are needed for sludge treatment and wastewater collection for smaller facilities. Freshwater Annual availability (2002) Per capita Annual withdrawal (2000) Domestic (2000) Industrial (2000) Agriculture (2000) 3 USD5.000. Daily water consumption has decreased from 188L in 1992 to 96L by 2008.000 were connected to sewerage systems.000-10.72% of household income in 2007. with monthly expenditure on water and wastewater services accounting for 1. there has been a marked improvement in inland water quality. 12 with a PE of over 10.

4% holding in Tallinna Vesi (Tallinn Water) via 28million shares currently held and 30million new shares (for a minimum) to UU and Bechtel in October 2000.000 Sources: EEA (2010) Freshwater (Estonia) The state and impacts.22million). Private sector contracts awarded (Please see the relevant company entry for details) Location Contract Company Tallinn 30 year water & wastewater concession AS Tallinna Vesi A local issue – Tallinna Vesi In June 2005. the EBRD provided EUR23million out of a EUR48million loan package for the construction of a sewage treatment works in Tallinn. SOER 2010. 34.000 430.000 89 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . nd 22 January 2010 Total 430. 30% of AS Tallinna Vesi was floated on the Tallinn Stock Exchange. which was constructed by Degrémont (Suez). Copenhagen.3billion (USD78.865m The municipality of Tallinn sold a 50.7%. European Environment Agency. In 1994. Private sector company operations (Please see the relevant company entry for details) Company Parent company (country) Population served Water Sewerage AS Tallinna Vesi Tallinna Vesi (Estonia) 430. See the company entry for more details. UU Tallinn continues to hold 35. Tallinn. The EBRD and DEPFA Investment Bank Ltd syndicated an EUR80million loan to Tallinna Vesi to a group of western European banks in March 2003.ESTONIA PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS Municipal wastewater Connected to sewerage No treatment Primary Secondary Tertiary Groundwater Annual availability (2000) Per capita PSP – Tallinna Vesi 1999 70% 1% 1% 28% 40% 3 2004 73% 1% 1% 25% 46% 2009 81% 0% 1% 19% 61% 4.0km 3 2. International Water and United Utilities bought the stake in Tallinna Vesi for EEK1.3% and the City of Tallinn. UU bought out Bechtel‘s stake. Denmark Tenno T (2010) Small WWTPs in Estonia: Technologies and availability. In 2003. Valonia Seminar.

ETHIOPIA PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS ETHIOPIA A comprehensive National Water Resources Management Policy was established in 1998 and this evolved into the 2002 National Water Sector Development Programme with a Universal Access Plan (UAP) in its Second Plan of Action for Sustainable Development to End Poverty (PASDEP). To rationalise billing. Funding is to be secured from the Government and donor organisations and the programme will focus on hydropower generation. By 2002. 82% of the population were living within 1km of an improved water source.158 25. which was superseded by the Growth and Transformation Plan in 2010.487 17% 21% Sources of safe drinking water in 2000 were: protected wells. advocacy.45billion (USD1. appropriate technology and reliance on local producers. The existing tariffs and collection rates were too low to finance operations.9million people pa.6billion was launched in 2002. irrigation schemes construction and capacity building. 3%. Current estimates point to ETB10. The changes in access to water and sanitation between 2000 and 2008 suggest the data might not be strictly comparable. the Addis Ababa Water and Sewerage Authority (AAWSA) came into operation.6billion). This would be adequate to extend basic services for 1. The national sanitation strategy outlines the need for participatory learning. Total funding for water and sanitation in 2003 was USD65million pa. Access to services Water – urban Water – rural Sanitation – urban Sanitation – rural improved 1990 79% 16% 59% 4% 2000 79% 16% 60% 4% 2008 98% 26% 29% 8% Putting urban water resources in context. 11% and piped networks with private taps. Mains sewerage coverage was estimated at 1% of urban households in 2008. the bi-monthly billing cycle was replaced by a monthly system. Economics (2009) GDP per capita GDP per capita (PPP) GDP in Agriculture GDP in Industry GDP in Services USD330 USD930 47% 14% 39% The Ethiopian Water Resources Ministry 15-year water sector development programme with a total investment of some USD8. Urban Data Served by piped water 2005 Access to sewerage With sewage treatment Cost recovery in Addis Ababa In 2001. 40% of urban households had a household tap against 0% for rural areas. the contract had paid for itself. safe drinking water provisions. 10%. Full cost recovery was meant to be introduced for water and sewerage services from 2006 but there is limited evidence that this has in 90 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 40% 1% 0% . in 2006.206million) being needed to reach the water MDGs alone. In 2008. but the population is in fact rising by 2million people pa. For national water and sanitation targets to be met would cost an estimated ETB16. A contract to modernise revenue collection and computerise billing became operational in 2001. piped networks with standpipes & public taps. Urban Population 2010 (million) 2025 (million) Urbanisation in 2010 Urbanisation by 2025 14.3billion (USD1. The authority‘s initial aim was to develop a billing system based upon cost recovery and affordability. while a new tariff structure is being phased in over a five-year period.

A further USD100million in loans and grants was disbursed by the World Bank in 2008.ETHIOPIA PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS fact been the case.000 before. London. sanitation and hygiene in Ethiopia.5 65.5km) 2009-10 68. the World Bank approved a USD100million loan to encourage the reform and extension of urban and rural water supply projects.5 91.5 100 98 The plan emphasises urban cost recovery. A Growth and Transformation Plan for 2014-15 was unveiled in September 2010. PASDEP aimed to increase water coverage (now defined as 0. with hand-dug wells costing ETB15. The educational programme. Addis Ababa. Financing water.000 Status NA 91 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . It was the first time that the authority had attempted any form of PR. but does not appear to mention sanitation. 2009 2010 2. Freshwater Annual availability (2002) Per capita Annual withdrawal (2000) Domestic (2000) Industrial (2000) Agriculture (2000) 3 5. UK. Water targets Potable water coverage (%) Urban potable water coverage (within 0. MAJOR CITIES City Addis Ababa Sources: Foxwood. Paper delivered at the 34th WEDC International Conference. Investments in water and sanitation under the PASDEP are estimated at ETB15. linking the water conservation and the importance of paying bills has assisted this process.000 people living in urban areas and 1.6billion.930.4million people living in rural areas.5km from an improved water source) from 80% to 92% in urban areas from 2005/6 to 2009/10. African Development Bank / OECD (2007) African Economic Outlook MoFED (2010) Growth and Transformation Plan (GTP) 2010/11-2014/15: Ministry of Finance and Economic Development (MoFED). Tearfund. Addis Ababa. Ethiopia.56km 3 72m 3 4. Ethiopia. The previous programme for the elimination of poverty. Costs have been reduced by using the local private sector rather than the public sector for the construction of wells.6km 6% 0% 94% In 2004. By 2010. including new targets for water.8 2014-15 98.757. sewerage or sewage treatment.5km) Rural potable water coverage (within 1.000 instead of ETB50. N (2005) Making every drop count.000 2025 4. This will mobilise 5. these projects had improved water access to 143. September 2010 Haile G & Davies W (2009) Sustainable financing for the water and sanitation sector in Ethiopia.500 local projects designed to bring potable water supplies to 3million people. 77% of this sum was provided by the Government with the other 23% shared amongst the private sector and NGOs.

This rose to 90% by 1980. and the Act on Public Water and Sewage Plants (1977.0% 4.0% 2006 81.0% 0. revised 1994).0% 0. there is still need to improve biological and chemical treatment 3 with regards to phosphorus removal from effluents. The quality of Finnish wastewater treatment is regarded as being good. with the state providing 4% of investment funding 92 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . 25% of households had a piped water connection.1% 0. with an annual operating cost of EUR200million.33km 3 444m 3 2. In 1983. the Act on Environmental Administration (1995). Effluent treatment coverage was 93% in 1995. and operation and maintenance costs including capital costs are mainly covered by the users in compliance with the polluter pays principle.0% 0. Economics (2009) GDP per capita GDP per capita (PPP) GDP in Agriculture GDP in Industry GDP in Services USD45. Urban Population 2010 (million) 2025 (million) Urbanisation in 2010 Urbanisation by 2025 Water supplies Domestic sewage treatment Tertiary treatment Secondary treatment Primary treatment None 1990 76.0% 0. These will be based on the Water Act (1961.3km 14% 84% 3% The municipal wastewater and water supply investment costs are financed mainly by municipalities themselves.0% 19. Industry generated 900million m of wastewater.FINLAND PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS FINLAND Management of water resources In 1950.0% 23.0% 20. 3 of which 700million m were generated in the pulp and paper industry in 1994.79million people. with 11% receiving tertiary treatment and the remaining 10% being treated at primary level.549 4. Most industrial plants are served by their own water supplies. Domestic consumption of water was 257L per capita per day in 1995. Annual withdrawals of ground and surface waters as a percentage of available water were 2.0% 2002 81. with 600 municipal and 150 industrial wastewater treatment plants in 2002. However.891 85% 88% Officially.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.3% in 1994. Urban Data Served by piped water 2005 Access to sewerage 2002 With sewage treatment Financing water and sewerage services Fresh water resources Annual availability (1999) Per capita Annual withdrawal (2000) Domestic (2000) Industrial (2000) Agriculture (2000) 3 100% 95% 88% 2.430 3% 33% 64% The Finnish Ministry of the Environment is currently preparing long-term goals for the protection of Finnish waters for the year 2005. there were 794 public water supply plants serving 3.0% 19.680 USD34. revised in 1996). 79% of the wastewater of pulp and paper industries is subject to secondary treatment.9% 1999 80. 99% of urban and 90% of rural households have access to safe water provision and all households have safe sewerage services.

Private sector company operations (Please see the relevant company entry for details) Company Kemwater Parent company (country) Kemira (Finland) Water 0 Population served Sewerage Total 60. but not as an end in itself.FINLAND PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS in 2004.117. Oxford University. Kemwater Services (51% Kemira OY and 49% YIT Environmental Services.000 60. This made little progress. O T (2004) PRINWASS Strategic Country Report: Finland D26. Further PSP in Finland is seen as a possibility over the next two decades. MAJOR CITIES City Helsinki 2010 1. principally as it was an exercise in financial engineering.174. Prinwass.000 2025 1.000 Status NA Private sector contracts awarded (Please see the relevant company entry for details) Location Haapavesi Contract Wastewater treatment concession Company Kemwater In 2002. owned by the Helsinki municipality) gained a 12 year concession to operate the second largest wastewater treatment plant in northern Finland. UK Pietila P E. EUR2million will be spent in upgrading the facility. 2007 93 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . Katko T S & Hukka J J (2007) Public-Private Partnership in Finnish Water Services. Sources: Seppälä. The investment costs of public water and sanitation services were about EUR240million pa in the early 2000s. CESino DICE Report 2.000 Lathi City considered a cross-border asset leasing arrangement with the USA for its water and power utilities in order to exploit tax advantages in 2004.

852 85% 91% Lead pipes were still being installed in Paris as late as 1992. Since 1994. In 2007 and 2008. In 2008. and had stabilised by 1990.000 Primary/none 12% 5% Secondary 85% 88% 94 Tertiary 3% 7% Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . A survey carried out in 1999 found that in France. In consequence. while metering has been compulsory since the 1930s.7% for physic-chemical quality. Urban services % Water % Sewerage (1990) % Sewage treated Sewerage and sewage treatment Year Tertiary Secondary Primary Sewerage only Not connected 1993-1995 5% 44% 5% 14% 32% 2001 27% 51% 2% 2% 18% 2004 42% 37% 1% 2% 18% 100% 93% 88% The connection rate for sewerage services has increased from 55% in 1970 to 61% in 1980 and 88% by 2004. mainly in Côte d‘Azur and the Ile de France.36million in total) passed the bacteriological criteria against 98. Lead piping was banned in 1995 and lead solder in 1996.6% of water samples (4.980 2% 20% 78% 53. water bills are calculated according to the volume of water used.56million to 1. Since 1991. the number of households connected to lead pipes fell from 1. replacement of up to 70% of piping in some areas will cost a total of EUR14billion.200-5.25million. compliance with the proposed Drinking Water Directive will cost France EUR1214billion by the 2013 compliance date. million Total 2010. million Urban areas (2010) Urban areas (2025) USD42. 10% of water samples were over the current lead standard. let alone the standard proposed by the WHO and the EU. Urban Population Total 2010. Compliance costs According to Suez. The company stopped using lead piping for connecting households with the mains in 1981 and even then. The percentage of the population having their sewage effluents treated has increased from 19% in 1970 to 41% in 1980 and 89% by 2004. domestic water consumption has been decreasing by 1% per annum. 14. it was the exception.FRANCE PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS FRANCE Economics (2009) GDP per capita GDP per capita (PPP) Agriculture Industry Services Water usage and availability Demand for water has risen by 4-5% pa since 1950.398 59. The shift towards demand-led pricing has been a key factor in constraining domestic water use. The Paris region plans spending USD6-7billion on wastewater treatment from 1997 to 2015.42million people live in areas with a water shortfall. with affected households paying EUR1. Wastewater treatment plants – by capacity Capacity (PE) <500 501 – 1. 99.680 USD33.500 to replace their lead piping.

of which 4. Management of wastewater treatment plants – by capacity Capacity (PE) <2. PSP has generally expanded by 1% per annum.001 – 2. five significant private sector entities remained.000 >50. including the great majority of the urban population with an average population served of 3.000 10. With the acquisition of SDEI by Suez in 1991 and CISE by Bouygues (SAUR‘s then parent company) in 1997. along with a number of smaller regional concerns serving 17% of the population. with an average population served of 565 people per contract.001 – 50.302 wastewater treatment plants.001 – 5.3billion: Local authority collection Private sector collection Water agencies & Government Market structure Companies have a portfolio of local contracts.603 984 289 PSP.4km 16% 74% 10% 95 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .000 5.000 2.00 – 50. followed by Eaux de Banlieue in 1867 and Lyonnaise des Eaux (Suez) in 1880. 2008 2. Freshwater Annual availability (2000) Per capita Annual withdrawal (2000) Domestic (2000) Industrial (2000) Agriculture (2000) PSP Private sector involvement started in 1853 with the founding of Cie.001 – 10. By 1990. The private sector accounts for 78% of the population. PSP rose to 31% in 1954.812 1. Generale des Eaux (VE).000 sewerage contracts. which addresses some 23.446 556 180 PSP. there were eight major private sector players in France. but this remains a local company. serving some 78% of the population.000 Primary/none 2% 2% 1% 0% 1% Secondary 83% 68% 61% 47% 41% Tertiary 15% 30% 38% 53% 58% There are 15.000 >50. there were only three major private sector players left. One new competitor (Ruas) has recently emerged. By 1933. In 2008 there were 4.000 – 10.847 1. and the public sector.16km 3 548m 3 22. traditionally managed on a regional basis. many of them under the wings of VE and Suez.000 Source: BIPE (2008) Water billings in 2008 were EUR12.363 606 201 Water 34% 57% 8% Wastewater 23% 47% 30% Total 40% 41% 19% 33. In 1980. Since the late 1930s.000 2. There are three leading private sector companies with 13. PSP has been taking place alongside the evolution and expansion of water and wastewater services. 2006 2.600 people per contract.FRANCE PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS Capacity (PE) 1. The public sector serves the remaining 22% of the population.500 delegated water contracts and 4.426 2.994 (or 45% by capacity) are managed by private operators. mainly in rural areas.247 water treatment plants in France (2004) of which approximately 6. 3 Total 13.000 municipal contracts. there were 50 private sector companies.100 are managed by the private sector and 17.000 10. 44% in 1968 and 69% by 1986.000 contracts.

107.9 23.5 25. in collaboration with the statisticians of the Service Centrale des Enquetes et Etudes Statistiques.000 838.0 60.000 977. while SAUR has 6.083 people.0 18.485. with an average population served of 11.577.000 1. which is best demonstrated by the fact that until the Nantes sewerage concession award to VE in 1997. For example.6 11.8 18. The piecemeal nature of contracts in France has constrained the scope for economies of scale.8million people for water and 6.3 14.000 1.0 17.1 42. m ) 3 Withdrawals (1990.0 7.5 11. VE has 2.6 10. Groundwater 3 Total recharge (1998.0 1. 2004.2 53% 30% 17% 2010 10.003.000 2025 10.8 16. 96 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . each serving on average 1.4 27.000 contracts.000 (average 4.000 1.059.000 912. Suez has 3.3 0.300 contracts in France.4 63.9 55.4 19.0 41.000 1.9 % 39% 19% 11% 3% 29% 100% Wastewater Veolia Water Lyonnaise des Eaux SAUR Other private Public Total Number (m) 14.6 12.5 10.8 51.6 % 28% 18% 9% 2% 44% 100% Since 1990.0 20.3 26.703 6.6 10. Private sector market share is being gained more rapidly for sewerage contracts than for water.1 56.468.4 Source: Institut Française de l’Environnement.9 30.000 1. VE and Suez have never gained a contract from each other.000 1.667).9 18. Market structure in 2008 Water Veolia Water Lyonnaise des Eaux SAUR Other private Public Total Number (m) 24. while Suez provided water for 14million and sewerage services for 6million in 1994.033.3 30.304.000 Status Private sector Private sector Private sector Private sector Private sector Private sector Private sector Regulatory study: Reforming France’s water services The chief domestic challenge facing both VE and Suez is the perceived lack of a competitive market.2 4.000 1.3 Overall 1998 2001 25.2 36.0 1.0 35.9million for sewerage in 1980. km ) 3 Per capita (1998.FRANCE PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS Population served by management regime Million Drinking water supply Single municipality Group of municipalities Overall Wastewater treatment Single municipality Group of municipalities Overall Municipally run 1998 2001 8.469.0 23. VE served 19.0 37.000 913.6 9.000 1.1 15.575.1 Delegated 1998 2001 16.884.6 25. km ) For domestic use (<1990) For industry (<1990) For agriculture (<1990) MAJOR CITIES Population Paris Lyon Marseilles Nice-Cannes Lille Toulouse Bordeaux 100.1 60.4 9.1 32.8 7. PSP of sewerage services has grown appreciably faster than for water since new sewerage schemes are usually only initiated when the contract is given to the private sector.9 22.

VE and Suez regard the French market as being the most competitive in Europe despite controlling 85% of the private sector between them.000 people).0) 1994 100.FRANCE PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS Average water prices in France (1994 = 100. Jean de Gard (VE) Herault South France 850 communes SOGEDO Nantes 238 contracts Nantaise des Eaux South France 88 communes Alteau N W France 305 communes STGS South France Wastewater in 10 municipalities Ternois Pamiers One water & wastewater contract SAEDE Ile de France 6 water & 1 wastewater contracts SEFO Competition remains at an early stage Since competition effectively started in 1995-96. There has also been concern about the effect of a number of corruption scandals over contract awards.8 141. Revenues were EUR10.6 2005 132. As well as the major players and Gelsenwasser‘s Nantaise des Eaux (360.2 125. 80% of contract reviews resulted in upward price revisions. In a typical year. In 2002 Nice negotiated a 15% cut in bills with Veolia. In 2004.327 3.0 100. Locality (region) Achers (Ille de France) Achers (Ille de France) Andresy (Ile de France) Chanteloup-Les-Vignes (France) Conflans-Sainte-Honorine (Ile de France) Maurecourt (Ile de France) Neuville-Sur-Oise (Ile de France) Award 1934 (water) 1989 (wastewater) 1894 1934 1895 1899 1936 People served 18.942 18. The 1995 Loi Barnier also obliges local water authorities and municipalities to publish an annual report on water prices and quality. 2% of the market has been gained by perhaps 15 independent companies. the traditional reason for such revisions has been to facilitate price rises. 97 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .3million in 2009. until 1997.5 157. 12-15% of contracts in France are renewed.493 1. while jointly operating some of the largest contracts. Suez had a contract retention rate of 84% in 2001 and VE retained 80% in 2003. The city of Avignon negotiated a similar reduction earlier in the year. six smaller companies have been identified: La Société des Eaux de Fin d‘Oise (SEFO) is privately held company bought out from the Mallet Group in 1960.6 Private sector All While revising prices during the life of a contract remains common practice.544 33. Indeed.300 water and sewerage contracts Générale des Eaux National 3. who had serviced the town since 1864.000 water and sewerage contracts SAUR Gard & 3 water contracts Ruas de St.000 people) since 1928.845 9.0 2000 122.000 water and sewerage contracts Lyonnaise des Eaux National 6. Water prices now need to be renegotiated every five years as opposed to the previous limit of once every 15 years. Private sector contracts awarded (Please see the relevant company entry for details) Location Contract Company National 2. which will create an unprecedented degree of transparency in the market. which have taken place in recent years. Castres cancelled its contract with Suez after a dispute about proposed spending and price rises.942 12.433 SAEDE has provided water and wastewater services to the municipality of Pamiers (16. the private sector has been providing the local authorities and national and regional audit offices with externally audited annual reports and results statements.3 2009 150. There has been a significant move towards a centralised and activist regulatory regime as pioneered by Ofwat in England and Wales. The Government has threatened to take-over water contracts or their awarding process so as to penalise these companies. while Dijon gained a 10% cut from Suez. This may result in genuine competition for water and sewerage contracts. Since 1997. There has been a subsequent shift from increases to cost cutting exercises.

000 Générale des Eaux VE (France) 24.500.000 250.2million in 2003 and EUR11. waste management and water equipment and services based in Avranches in North West France.000 12. Revenues for 2010 were EUR20million against EUR18.000 8.7million in 2008. Tarn and Var regions. Alteau is 51% held by CDC and 49% by private investors.000 people.000 Lyonnaise des Eaux Suez (France) 12. Nantes.000 11. It was acquired by Veolia Environnement in 2008.500 Ternois Epuration was founded by Ternois Developpement France‘s fourth largest manufacturer of wastewater treatment works founded in 1970.000 Alteau Alteau 250. STGS had revenues of EUR5.000 people being served.000 for water and 210.100. serving 400.9% going to another private company. rising to EUR75million in 2008 via 112 contracts.000 0 98 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .500 10.000 people and wastewater services for 120. The company was founded in 1991 and is part of STURNO. serving 314.000 4. a French company involved in telephone. The Sapin Act. with a total of 250. RUAS (SA Michel Ruas) provides water to 130.000 in the Rhone-Alpes region.000 people in ten municipalities in the Eure. Private sector company operations (Please see the relevant company entry for details) Company Parent company (country) Population served Water Sewerage Total 24.000 people and sewerage and sewage treatment for 34.000 16. The company has 95.300.000PE.9million in 2002-03 with group revenues of EUR44million in 2007 against EUR18million in 2004.500.3% going back to the municipality 2.000 people in 100 communes in the South of France.300.100. Loire.000 served in the Auvergne and 35. 61% of contracts were subject to tender.000 5. Revenues were EUR8.000 SAUR CDC/AXA/Seche 5.500. Ternois provides wastewater treatment for 237.457 communes in 17 departments in the Rhone/Mediterranean/Corsica region.000 30.000 for sewerage.000 9. 1.250 25. Alteau was founded in 1992.FRANCE PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS SOGEDO (Société de Gérance de Distribution d‘Eau) is based in Bordeaux and serves 850 of the 1. including water services for 245 communes. La Société de Travaux Gestion et Services (STGS) provides water and wastewater services to 305 communes in eight departments in north West France.7million in 2008. The first noted contract gain was in 1996. including 60. Locality (region) Basse-Limagne (Puy-de-Dôme) Plaine de Riom (Puy-de-Dôme) Ville de Belley (Ain) Velye-Reyssouze-Vieux Jonc (Ain) Saint-Just Saint-Rambert (Loire) Savigneux (Loire) Contract Concession Concession Affermage Affermage Affermage Affermage People served 78.000.200.000 domestic customers (all for water provision). or approximately 100. which enforces competitive invitations to tender contracts at their expiry started to make its impact felt in 2007 as shown by the table below: Invitations to competitive tender 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Year 582 684 509 477 573 544 693 573 621 883 611 989 In 1998-2006. Revenues in 2002 were EUR7million.

4 France 99 th rd 2008 revenues EUR312.5million EUR42.5million. Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . Marseille.000 34.1million Revenues EUR179.000 120. August 2009 BIPE (2010) Les services publics d‘eau et d‘assainissement en France. July 2008 GWI (2009) End of the ‗entente cordiale‘. These arrangements are increasingly seen as being anti-competitive and by 2003.8million EUR56.000 A number of contracts are held jointly (e.000 350. Marseille. approximately 10% of the private sector share was accounted for by joint ventures.0million to 12. In 2000. 12 between VE and Suez and 2 between Suez and SAUR.FRANCE PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS Private sector company operations (Please see the relevant company entry for details) Company Parent company (country) Population served Water Sewerage Total 130. GWI. Reallocation of joint holdings between VE and SE: To Veolia Eau (Veolia Environnement) Company City Soc des Eaux de Marseille Marseille Soc Stephanoise des Eaux Saint-Etienne Soc des Eaux d‘Arles Arles To Lyonnaise des Eaux (Suez Environnement) Company City Soc des Eaux de du Nord Lille SEVESC Versailles & Saint-Cloud SERAM [1] Marseille Soc Provencale des Eaux [1] Provence Soc Martiniquaise des Eaux Martinique Soc Guyanaise des Eaux French Guyana [1] Currently subsidiaries of Société des Eaux de Marseille Sources: BIPE (2008) Water and wastewater services in France.000 210. Lille & Versailles) so the country numbers used to include a significant element of double counting. The actual implications are unclear as further involvement with the private sector from 2010 has not been ruled out. 4million people) was renegotiated in 2011 on distinctly less favourable terms. approximately 10% of the private sector share was accounted for by joint ventures.000 16.000 460.000 SAEDE SAEDE 16.000 Ternois Epuration Ternois Developpement 0 100.000 16. VE‘s Ille-de-France contract serving Greater Paris (SEDIF. BIPE. France GWI (2008) When Paris sneezes.000 Ruas VE (France) 130.000 Nantaise des Eaux Gelsenwasser (Germany) 460.000 SEFO SEFO 89. private water catches a cold.2million EUR21. Paris. 5 of the VE/Suez joint ventures had been broken up. These arrangements were seen as being anti-competitive and are being broken up. Paris sprung In 2008 it was announced that Eaux de Paris would not be renewing its water distribution contracts with VE and SE from the end of 2009. GWI.3million and by VE from 27million to 24. Lille & Versailles) so the country numbers include a significant element of double counting.000 Sogedo Sogedo 400.000 89. 3 Edition.g. Paris.6million - Edition.000 460.g. the numbers served by LDE have been revised by the companies from 17.000 STGS STURNO 314. Likewise. BIPE.9million EUR130.000 400. Contract uncoupling A number of contracts are held jointly (e.000 19.000 100.2million EUR11. As a result. 12 between VE and Suez and 2 between Suez and SAUR. In 2000. Paris.

Nationally. Connections to piped water in Libreville have increased from 49% to 62% after the PSP of SEEG. 49% of which was in turn sold in a public tender 100 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 3 49% 6% 0% 0. million In urban areas 2010 In urban areas 2025 1. SOCAGI was virtually bankrupt in 1994. The 2005 national poverty survey (Enquête Gabonaise pour l‘évaluation et le suivi de la pauvreté – EGEP) showed that although access to drinking water had significantly improved since 2000. The houses that sell on the water are usually better off and therefore are doubly benefiting from a subsidised official supply. reluctant to proceed. but at least 25% of the 46% of directly-connected households get their water from a connected neighbour. Oil and Water Resources and the Gabonese energy and water company (Veolia‘s SEEG). In March 1997. 90% of the urban population is regarded as having access to safe water.581 8% 62% 30% The country‘s water resources are managed and developed by the Ministry of Mines. The Government was.12km 3 87m 3 0. who re-sells it to them at a profit. Urban Population Total 2010. SEEG generated revenues of XAF500million from its electricity services and XAF200million from water provision in 1996.GABON PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS GABON Economics (2009) GDP per capita GDP per capita (PPP) Agriculture Industry Services USD11. with just 40% of the population having had access to improved sanitation. although the scope for cost-cutting is difficult. however. the country had far to go as regards sanitation. Freshwater Annual availability (2000) Per capita Annual withdrawal (2000) Domestic (2000) Industrial (2000) Agriculture (2000) PSP and SEEG The Société des Eaux et de l'Electricité du Gabon (SEEG) has been earmarked for PSP since 1993. due to some hostility towards further PSP by the workforce. Water is sold at the same price wherever the customer lives. The company is understood to be at least breaking even. VE gained a 20 year concession to operate SEEG‘s services. Hydro Quebec (34%) and EDF (23%). million Total 2010.046 USD15. Urban Services Safe drinking water Sewerage % Sewage treated Sewerage services Sewerage services are being developed under a delegated management contract with SOCAGI. even though it has recognised that the private operator would contribute a significant amount of capital to the company. Water provision 40% of the population of Libreville has access to piped water but there are no sewerage or sewage treatment facilities serving the city.292 1.719 86% 89% Gabon is one of the 10 best-endowed countries in the world as far as water resources are concerned.1km 50% 8% 42% . having made a loss of XAF14billion in that year. VE initially acquired 100% of SEEG‘s equity. in return for a concession. Energy. a group comprising Suez (43%).

000 in Libreville. Agence de Régulation de l‘Eau Potable et de l‘Energie has been appointed.2million people in Gabon. which will be responsible for tariff setting.1million m of water provided in 2007.089 in 2006 to 113.GABON PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS with the equity being listed on the Libreville stock exchange. VE serves 1.200. Currently. km ) 3 Per capita (1998. Private sector contracts awarded (Please see the relevant company entry for details) Main urban areas 20 year water provision concession SEEG Urban areas Lease contract. In 2011 the Government asked SEEG to produce a comprehensive five year investment plan after concerns about rising demand. including 526.000 people in recent years.2billion has been budgeted from 2009 for further water and power network expansion projects across the country.000 SEEG VE (France) 1. Port-Gentil and Franceville. with subscribers 3 rising from 107.991 0. Groundwater 3 Total recharge (1998.932 in 2007.200. with 74. m ) 3 Withdrawals (1989. sewerage development SOCAGI Private sector company operations (Please see the relevant company entry for details) Company Parent company Population served (country) Water Sewerage Total 1.0 100% SEEG‘s main challenge has been dealing with the expansion of Libreville to 800. SEEG spent USD24million in expanding water services in the city. km ) For domestic use (1989) 62. A further USD1.0 52. Meanwhile. To date. In 2007.000 N/A N/A SOCAGI Suez (France) 0 N/A Source: African Development Bank / OECD (2007) African Economic Outlook 101 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . total investment under the contract has been XAF300billion (USD624million) out of the XAF450billion (USD936million) contracted. The concession serves Gabon‘s three principal cities: Libreville. an independent water and electricity regulator.

1% 1985 6. The Federal Ministry of Food.4% 1995 71.8% 0. Nature Protection and Nuclear Safety is responsible for the enaction of the Federal Water Act. the Washing and Cleansing Agents Act and the Federal Nature Conservation Act. One SE unit is the equivalent discharge of a human per year.8% 31.7% 3.5% 7.960 1% 30% 69% Regulations and charging mechanisms Between 1990 and 2010. The focal point of this investment will be in rural areas and in upgrading wastewater treatment plants and sewage systems in the new federal states.0% 64.3% 1. Effluents are charged for under the Wastewater Charges Act of 1976 (amended 1990). Despite the high connection percentage. The charges started at DEM12 per SE in 1981 and were last revised at DEM70 per SE in 1994.560 USD36. by payments to farmers for changing land use patterns. These charges are based on Schadeinheit (SE).4% 102 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . In addition.0% 2.5% 15.5% 2007 93.2% 20.939 60.8% 2000 83.3% 0.7% 43. or unit harm.6 per m . Agriculture and Forestry deal with water resources management projects in the rural economy.5% 57.4% 1.1% 0.7% 2000 0.0% 0. The Federal Ministry of Health is responsible for drinking water supply and quality. million) Total (2010. most of the Länder have regulations on the payment of a water abstraction 3 charge of up to DEM0. million) Urban areas (2010) Urban areas (2025) 60.1% 6.0% 5.3% 1990 47.5% 14.g. with 62.GERMANY PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS GERMANY Economics (2009) GDP per capita GDP per capita (PPP) Agriculture Industry Services USD42.2% 4.6% 31. the Wastewater Charges Act.1% 11. e.64 to 7. Western Länder only % Water 100% % Sewerage 100% % Sewage treated 100% Inland water quality I .8% 42. to subsidise innovative techniques or to protect catchment areas. an average annual investment of EUR6.9% 12. Urban Population Total (2010. The revenue is used to support special environmental measures like the economical use of water.6% 7.unpolluted I-II – slightly polluted II – moderately polluted II-III – critically polluted III – heavily polluted III-IV – very heavily polluted IV – excessively polluted 1995 0.1% 9.8% 6.4% 2. The Federal Ministry for the Environment.7% 70. The municipalities also have to pay this tax.3% in Western Germany and a 1991 connection rate to the sewerage system of 75% against 94%.66billion will be needed in future. EUR110billion was spent in Germany on water and wastewater.7% 10.939 74% 76% Development of sewerage infrastructure 1980 5.4% of the population receiving treatment compared with 91.0% Tertiary Secondary Primary Unconnected The sewerage network was basic in the former GDR. Urban Services.5% 6.

5 6. The water in the former GDR is of a poor quality as only 20% of surface water can be used for drinking water abstraction within reasonable efforts of purification.5 2010 2.1 4.8 2006 2.1 4. Investment in infrastructure EURbillion Water Wastewater Total 2000 2. The VpA (Verband Privater Abwasserentsorger) was established in 1992 as an association of private sewerage operating companies.7 2007 2.6 6. poor or unclear. 32% moderate and the rest. This perhaps reflects the work carried out to date as well as the savings that can be made when examining costs more closely.7 555 103 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . Groundwater 3 Total recharge (1998.36 6. in Brandenburg. Bavaria and Baden-Wurttenburg.2 6.0 4. 129 in 2000 and 122L per capita per day in 2007.5 3 38.3 2008 2.3 5.5 6. The systematic examination of groundwater quality started in 1984.20 2003 2. the State of Hess lowered water fees charged by Sudheissische Gas und Water AG.56 6. the DStGB.28 per m against 2.84 9. 34% of rivers have water quality of I-II. wastewater charges were EUR2. Systematic data on the eastern Länder is currently being collected. initial assessments for the Water Framework Directive found 8% of rivers to be good to very good on ecological criteria. There is considerable resistance to further EU laws. 45% of II/III and 18% of III/IV. Water utilisation was 147L per capita per day in 1990.01km 3 460m 3 44km 12% 68% 20% Source: GWI (2009) Germans refuse to rock the boat. In addition.41 per m . It has been found that private sector operators can significantly undercut assumed costs. In 2010. The average 3 3 wastewater fee in 2009 was EUR2.29 per m and a precipitation (rainwater) fee of EUR0. m ) 3 45. there have been legal moves to force water charges down in North RhineWestphalia.55 per m . In Western Germany. km ) 3 Per capita (1998. Freshwater Freshwater withdrawals (2001) Per capita Percentage withdrawn(2000) Domestic (2000) Industrial (2000) Agriculture (2000) Compliance and upgrading forecasts In 2003.GERMANY PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS The rivers Ruhr and Rhine are considered problem areas.77 per m . the municipally held water provider. For example. Wesser and Main are Class III/IV in their lower reaches. some DEM90 less than in 1998.18 per m in 2000. The Rhine Action Plan (1987) sought to improve the Rhine to Class I or II quality by 2000. In 3 3 2003.56 2005 2. This is in contrast to figures of EUR150-300billion for sewerage and wastewater alone that have been the accepted norm since the 1990s. the German association of towns and parishes. GWI January 2009 The cost for the customer Water production has fallen by 28% 1990-2002. They have studied 200 projects across Germany and concluded that costs for developing facilities could fall by 15-40% when submitted to private tender.5 6. The average household will pay DEM745 as a result.6 2009 2.00 8. stated that it believed the upgrading of Germany‘s water and wastewater system will require investment of about EUR75billion over the next 10 years.1 4. with an average water fee of EUR1. 3 The average water fee in 2007 was EUR1. while a number of sources have been closed as a result of excess PAH concentrations. the Elbe.0 4. unsatisfactory. VpA found that conversion work for extant facilities can be carried out for DEM250 per capita against previous assumptions of DEM450-600 per capita. There are rising nitrate and phosphate levels. This compared with 85% assessed as good when using chemical criteria. It is fair to say that water quality and infrastructure are appreciably below those in the Western Länder.5 7. because of the current high cost of water provision and sewerage services. In 1999.

with usage in eastern Germany falling by 50%.000 3.291.786.000 Saarland 891.554.681.000 Hamburg 1.000 Hannover 1.000 6.0 49% 48% 44% Since unification in 1990.000 Rhein-Rhur North 6.189.000 1.000 1.000 Munich 1.000 892.673.531.450. for example. conserving water brings its own costs. Water consumption in the former Eastern German town has fallen by 50% to 80L per capita per day since reunification. MAJOR URBAN AGGLOMERATIONS Population 2000 Aachen 1.000 Rhein-Rhur South 3. This paradox has arisen because the water distribution system is designed to operate by providing 220L per capita per day thereby getting water through its pipes in an optimal time.GERMANY PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS Groundwater 3 Withdrawals (1990.335.000 1.001.310. As seen in Nordhauser.000 1.000 1.825.070.000 3.000 Bremen 880.000 Stuttgart 2.204. km ) For domestic use (1975) For industry (1975) For agriculture (1975) 8.605. household water consumption in western Germany has fallen by 20%.000 886.499.349 Nuremberg 1. In Berlin.000 988.000 1.000 Bielefeld 1.283.233.000 Rhein-Main 3. The excess remaining in the system means that extra spending is needed in order to keep bacterial levels down.018.000 Rhein-Neckar 1.703.413.294.000 2. per capita usage has dropped another 10L to just 117L per day. As a result.621.718.089.000 Koln 1. their bills are rising.000 1.054.000 Berlin 3.060.000 Rhein-Rhur Middle 3.000 3.000 Status N/A BWB PSP in 1999 N/A Sewerage PSP N/A N/A N/A PSP under consideration HWW corporatised N/A N/A MVV PSP in 1998 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A Principal cities in the five regional agglomerations: Rhein-Main Rhein-Neckar Rhein-Rhur Middle Rhein-Rhur North Rhein-Rhur South Darmstadt and Frankfurt am Main Mannheim Düsseldorf and Mönchengladbach Duisburg and Essen Bonn and Cologne The municipalities and the private sector Water provision in 2002 Entity Gelsenwasser-Group Berlinwasser Gelsenwasser-AG Lake Constance Water Hamburg Water Westphalian Water Munich Water Stuttgart Water Hildersheim Water Eastern Harz Water Rhenish-Westphalian Water Essen Water Status Private Private Private Municipal Municipal (considering PPP) PPP Municipal Municipal Municipal Municipal Municipal Public-Private Million m pa 364 217 140 133 128 117 116 89 80 76 70 70 3 104 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .000 Karlsruhe 977.000 3.000 2015 1.

000 RWE Aqua RWE (Germany) 2. The state of Saxony Anhalt is seeking to sell its water supply company Fernwasser SachsenAnhalt (FSA).000 water and sewerage entities in total. Avacon will also take over commercial operations and billing.100.000 950.ON has consolidated its northern German operations. Gelsenwasser is also taking over Emmerich in North Rhine Westfalia‘s Abwasser Emmerich.000 Oewa VE (France) / VKR (Germany) 620.090.000 545. The city of Dresden in Saxony has sold a 49% stake in Dresdner Stadtentwässerung to Gelsenwasser in 2004.000 6.GERMANY PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS The market remains broadly in the hands of municipalities and by quasi-private companies directly owned and controlled by municipalities. Likewise. The commune of Schwerin has become the first commune in MecklenburgVorpommern to enter into a wastewater PPP. there has been an increase in the pace and scope of PSP proposals.000 80. The Abwasserzweckverband Wipper-Ohne and Wasserzweckverband Eichsfelder Kessel are setting up the jointly-owned Wasser-und Abwasserzweckverband Eichsfelder Kessel. the town of Fränkisch-Crumbach is considering PSP.000 250.000 105 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .245.000 Berlin Wasser VE/RWE (France/Germany) 3. with the Rostock contract having been held back for two years because of these.000 950. Legal complications remain a problem.000 Energie Energie (Austria) 15. Since 2002. From 2003. Energieversorgung Offenbach (EVO) has a 25-year cooperation contract to operate water and wastewater operations for the parish of Mainhausen. with formal structures put into place by the PSP agency to encourage the setting up of JVs and the award of concessions.000 15.000 0 Göttingen 45.000 Eurawasser Suez (France) 272.000 400.000 105. The Western Länder has 1.300.000 642.100 industrial customers.000 990.000 Severn Trent Severn Trent (UK) 0 45. owned 51% by the municipal utility Stadtwerke Schwerin and 49% by Eurawasser. water and sewerage are integrated at the municipal level. Hamburg is also considering a partial PSP of Hamburger Wasserwerke (HWW).52million m³.000 AWS Gelsenwasser (Germany) 20.000 4.000 55.000 Stadtwerke VE (France) 80. The best opportunities for private sector investment continue to be seen in the eastern Länder. which supply 22. HGW (Schwerin).000 customers with water. Hein Gas (Hamburg) and the Hein Gas‘ eastern German subsidiary.000 inhabitants. to start operations at the beginning of January 2004 and in Hesse.580.000 50.000 5. DS treats 130.400. Gelsenwasser and EAM-Wasserversorgung (E. BadenWürttemberg‘s Emmingen-Liptingen will set up a new water supply company from its public works water department.000 Gelsenwasser Gelsenwasser (Germany) 4.000 165.000 420.000m³ of waste and surface water daily for 475. the state of Thüringia is encouraging water associations to merge.ON) have signed a 25 year contract with Bad Karlshafen to take over operational management of the town‘s water and wastewater activities. a water and wastewater company named WAGV Wasser-und Abwassergesellschaft Vienenburg. E. Private sector company operations (Please see the relevant company entry for details) Company Parent company (country) Population served Water Sewerage Total 55.590. Annual water sales in Vienenburg are about 0.000 Braunschweig VE (France) 250. Consolidation in the public and private sectors continues.000 Görlitz 165.429 water supply companies and some 6.000 620. These are Schleswag (Rendsburg).000 105.000 0 642. In the east.000 MVV Mannheim Municipality 990.000 WTE EVN (Austria) 21.000 Remondis Aqua Remondis (Germany) 350. EVO traditionally supplies the towns of Offenbach and Dietzenbach with drinking water and operates their wastewater services. E.000 households and 1.ON‘s Avacon (49%) and Vienenburg (51%) have formed a JV. Operational management has been taken over by Wasser-Abwasser-Gesellschaft Schwerin.000 4.000 Hansewasser Gelsenwasser (Germany) 0 550.000 250.000.000 4.000 550.000 Stadtwerke Gera VE (France) 165.000 S‘werke Gelsenwasser (Germany) 50. They are separate in the west.000 80. The desire to privatise sewerage in the Eastern Länder is stronger. Abwasser Emmerich provides wastewater disposal services for the town's 30.

Part 1: Fundamentals and Part 2: Water quality. sewage treatment Remondis Aqua Görlitz Municipal services Stadwerke Görlitz Goslar 25 year sewerage concession Eurawasser Gotha Water and sewerage operations PPP Remondis Aqua Göttingen Municipal services Stadwerke Göttingen Hecklingen 30 year sewage treatment BOOT WTE Kiel Water and sewerage concession MVV Leipzig 25 year water and sewerage concession Oewa M-Pomerania Two 25 year concessions Eurawasser Nohra 10 year sewage treatment management Severn Trent Rostock 25 year sewerage concession Eurawasser Saxony Two 25 year water concessions Eurawasser Saxony Anhalt Water and sewerage contracts Owea Wessendorf Sewage treatment PPP Remondis Aqua Windeck 25 year water and sewerage BOOT WTE SOURCE: BMU / UBA (2010) Water Resource Management in Germany.14 1999-02 6. EURmillion Investment Profits 3 Price per m 1996-98 2.0. Dessau-Roßlau.62 5. after becoming coalition partners in the local government.73 4.20 0. This is despite Süwag‘s good record in the four years since it took over these services in 1999. water provision Stadwerke Gera Genthin PPP.GERMANY PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS Politics and the private sector Bad Schwalbach in Hesse has let its contract with Süwag Wasser (RWE) expire at the end of 2002. Germany 106 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . UBA.93 Private sector contracts awarded (Please see the relevant company entry for details) Location Contract Company Altenburg 20 year sewerage BOOT WTE Bremerhaven Sewage treatment and sewerage PPP Remondis Aqua Burghausen Water provision Energie Berlin 30 year water and sewerage concession VE / RWE Bremen Sewerage and sewage treatment Hansewasser Döbeln/Oschatz 4 year water and sewerage management Oewa Gelsenkirschen 30 year water concession Gelsenwasser Gera O&M.20 .

480 33% 25% 42% In 2006 Ghana agreed a five year lease contract for the Ghana Water Company Limited (GWCL). (regulates tariffs and water supply operational performance). % Water % Sewerage 2008 % Sewage treated 30% 4% 0% Aqua Vitens Rand Water Ltd contract has been designed so that the international operators cease to have a management role after five years.000 2025 3. with Vitens (Netherlands) and Rand Water (South Africa) supported by a USD103million grant from the World Bank. Currently. the Environmental Protection Agency (environmental regulation of water supply operations) and the Community Water and Sanitation Agency (community water and sanitation services through District Assemblies). mainly in the business district. The total project cost is USD120million. it became evident that a management contract of no more than five years duration was the most appropriate way forward. The Nordic Development Fund will provide USD5million and the Government of Ghana is providing the remaining USD12million. the Ghana Standard Board (development of drinking water standards). the 350.000 customer connections in 2003 and 350. The Urban Water Supply Project aims to provide a more reliable water supply for seven million people in Ghana's main towns.861 51. people in urban areas without water connections pay ten times the GWCL rate for their water. By 2000-01. million Total 2010.497. Ghana established a multi utility regulator in 1997 as part of its overall utility reform package. Some 15% of Accra is covered by the sewerage network.000 1. million Urban areas (2010) Urban areas (2025) 12. 107 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . (responsible for the regulation and management of water resources). The original plans drawn up by the World Bank in 1995-96 anticipated a concessional contract for GWCL. While 20 satellite systems have been developed in Accra.000 Status N/A N/A Ghana Water Company Limited (GWCL) has been able to invest some USD1.62% GWCL had 320. Typically. the Water Resource Commission (WRC).000 connections supply seven million people. In 2003-04.342. these were for a lease.834. typically with standpipes or tankers. along with non revenue water of at least 50%.2km 24% 10% 66% 2010 2.524 19. This strategy has developed through a series of consultations held since 1996.000 in 2006.000 2. by when the local management will be able to take over all aspects of the company‘s operations.757. Urban Services.98km 3 44m 3 3. most of these have broken down. Further regulatory bodies have since been put into place: the Public Utility Regulatory Commission (PURC). 40% of the urban population have access to adequate drinking water within a reasonable distance of their homes.50 per capita per year since the mid 1990s. Freshwater Freshwater withdrawals (2000) Per capita Percentage withdrawn(2000) Domestic (2000) Industrial (2000) Agriculture (2000) MAJOR CITIES Population Accra Kumasi 3 0. Urban Population Total 2010.74% 61.GHANA PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS GHANA Economics (2009) GDP per capita GDP per capita (PPP) Agriculture Industry Services USD700 USD1.

7% 21.4 11.7 m GHC 256. Istanbul.2 10.0% Contract 1 year. 2007-08 5 years.2 m GHC 247.8 20. 2003-07 Revenues GHC 72. Turkey 108 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .7% in 2008 to 63.9% in 2011 with the aim of 89% coverage by 2015.9 m Spending GHC 53. including USD200million for water and sanitation services and USD150million into preventing waste discharge into rivers.400 398. with one third of water systems in the country currently classified as non-functioning. Washington DC. 2003-07 5 years.2 Improved Water 5. USD1. World Bank. Report Number 28557-GH.8 m GHC 412. presentation to the th 5 World Water Forum.0% 23.1 5. it was announced that the contracts were not going to be renewed. Access to water nationally rose from 58.3 Percentage Served 61% 44% 51% Nationally.200 775. Overall performance indicators 2005 54 76% 2006 56 95% 100 2007 69 89% 104 2008 101 93% 107 Water revenues (GHcmillion) Collection ratio 3 Water billed (million m ) The performance of some of the O&M contracts was reviewed in 2008-09. The only difficulty here is that the contracts appear to be continuing in reality.GHANA PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS Water in 2003 Urban areas Rural areas Total Total Population 8. the Government earmarked USD350million for investment in the sector from 2011 to 2015.3billion is needed for an adequate water and sewerage system.2 m GHC 390. Generally. In rural areas this will be supported by a USD250million scheme to develop 20.000 new boreholes. these are at an early stage of development and implementation. In 2010. Sources: World bank (2004) Project appraisal document on a proposed credit to the Republic of Ghana.8 m In June 2011.470 UFW 7. Town Yenji Atebubu Bekwai Population 68. USA African Development Bank / OECD (2007) African Economic Outlook Van-Ess R K D (2009) Ghana – Role of private operator in small torn water supply.

Freshwater Freshwater withdrawals (1997) Per capita Percentage withdrawn (2000) Domestic (2000) Industrial (2000) Agriculture (2000) Water issues Groundwater depletion and salination is widespread.5million inhabitants).2% 31. Iraklia. Urban data Served by piped water Access to sewerage With sewage treatment Development of sewage treatment 1993 3.6% 32.41% 67% 100% 90% 80% Tertiary Secondary Primary Sewerage only Not connected Wastewater management has been transformed since the 1990s.6% 14. Urban Population 2010 (million) 2025 (million) Urbanisation. >15. For settlements with p.2% 32. the percentage of urban settlements served by sewerage systems was 32%.70km 3 782m 3 13.630 USD28.2% 2009 80% 8% 0% 0% 13% 6. especially at Patras. 109 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 3 8.GREECE PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS GREECE Economics (2009) GDP per capita GDP per capita (PPP) GDP in Agriculture GDP in Industry GDP in Services USD28. Other municipalities carry out chlorination only. Water consumption varies from 150L/day in small cities to 250-350L/day in larger cities.141million people in central Greece face regular water shortages.8% 18. (2025) Water services The only water treatment takes place in Athens. A slight decrease in consumption since 1992 has not been enough to alleviate the continual water shortages being encountered. Alexanpolis and Preveza. the percentage has increased from 27% to 43% in 2000. (2010) Urbanisation.4km 16% 3% 81% . 4. There was EU funding (70%) and government funding (30%) of EUR3. Athens is fed by canals and tunnels from a network of rivers and dams (3. Groundwater depletion is also taking place in Thessaloniki (1million inhabitants).e.5% 1994 0% 9% 1% 48% 42% 1997 9. and in 2000 increased to 64%.552 61.868 7.7% 32.5% in 1980 to 10% in 1990 and to 58% by 1994. The proportion of the population connected to sewerage services increased from 0. In 1992.75billion of water and sewerage upgrading work between 1994 and 1999.4% 11.440 3% 20% 77% Water resources and management There has been a substantial increase in water usage since the 1970s.8% 12.000 that discharge into normal areas. with EU funding allowing the development of a general sewerage and sewage treatment service in the past decade.

The Government will retain control of its water production facilities in the medium term and will be responsible for its investment programme until 2008. Any water used above 400m pa per household is charged at 20 times that rate. This was followed in 2001 by the flotation of a similar stake in Thessaloniki‘s EYATH. It is likely that private partners will be encouraged to enter the sector in the short to medium term.000 EYATH Thessaloniki Municipality 850. As part of the current austerity measures.000 850.257.000.346. The issue raised EUR233million for the company and allowed its activities to be run on a commercial basis. These corporations are now being grouped. estimate) I-Very Good II-Good III-Fair IV-Poor V-Bad 20% 40% 20% 15% 5% 3 In 1993.5km 3 237m 3 1. Groundwater Annual availability (1998) Per capita Annual withdrawal (1980) Domestic Industrial Agriculture MAJOR CITIES City Athens Thessaloniki 3 2. Private sector company operations (Please see the relevant company entry for details) Company Parent company (country) Population served Water Sewerage Total 4.000 850.000 EYDAP Athens Municipality 4.000 3.300.000. The first 60m pa per household is 3 charged at a basic rate.000 837.000 2025 3.000 110 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . the Government started moves to restrict water usage. 28% of EYDAP was listed on the Athens Stock Exchange in a nine times oversubscribed issue. further stake sales in both companies are planned. These are either self standing entities for large cities or municipally run entities. so as to encourage EU and private sector funding.9km 13% 3% 85% 2010 3.000 Comments EYDAP partially floated in 2000 EYATH partially floated in 2001 Private sector contracts awarded (Please see the relevant company entry for details) Location Contract Company Athens 20 year water and sewerage concession EYDAP Thessaloniki 25 year water and sewerage concession EYATH Flotation of EYDAP and EYATH In April 2000. The law No 1665/80 of 1980 established state funded water and sewerage corporations.GREECE PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS Inland water quality (1986.000 886.

The World Bank paid a subsidy for the six years (having required the introduction of a realistic price) which gradually decreased after the first four years. and 16 other towns. One. by 1985. the World Bank recommended that radical institutional reform be carried out. SONEG was responsible for implementing and managing water supply. At the outset. the capital. tariff reforms would have created problems because water had never been regarded as an economic good. for its part. Urban Data Served by piped water Access to sewerage 2005 With sewage treatment Accountability and affordability All of SEEG‘s activities are defined in its terms and conditions and in a three-year performance contract. but also for servicing the debt by levying a fee on the managing entity. with the Government maintaining a 49% stake in the entity. It also carries out maintenance of the facilities and replaces smaller items of equipment. The latter. it takes care of all aspects of consumer relations. thanks to subsidies from the state and from external sources. the results of which were extremely disappointing in spite of extensive technical assistance from abroad. was to be responsible for conserving and enhancing the public assets. with financial support from the IDA. the urban water supply system in Guinea was one of the least developed in West Africa.823 35% 45% 26% 0% 0% 111 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . This was to ensure that the sudden increase in price did not appear to be excessive for the users. transferring management and risk to the private sector.GUINEA PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS GUINEA Economics (2009) GDP per capita GDP per capita (PPP) GDP in Agriculture GDP in Industry GDP in Services From DEG to SONEG The Enterprise Nationale de Distribution des Eaux de Guinee (DEG) was responsible for all technical and commercial operations up to the end of the 1980s. In 1986 the Guinean authorities decided to liberalise the water management regime and in 1987 established Société d‘Exploitation des Eaux de Guinee (SONEG) as an independent water services provision company wholly owned by the state. the World Bank provided a restructuring loan.651 6. acting as owner of the facilities to serve Conakry. USD370 USD940 11% 33% 57% 3. SONEG in turn awarded a ten year leasing contract for operations to SEEG. SONEG derives its income from a fee paid by SEEG. From 1976 to 1985. The Minister of Natural Resources and Energy remains responsible for approving and monitoring any capital investment. The legal separation between asset-management activities (SONEG) and operating activities (Société d'Exploitation des Eaux de Guinée (SEEG)) took place in 1989 with the two companies formally established. Indeed. which has the task of supplying water in Conakry and a number of smaller cities for a period of 10 years. The contract was designed to be renewed at the end of this period. operates the water supply facilities. The utility had no management autonomy from the ministry and was not able to finance maintenance work. The Guinean authorities therefore decided upon a six-year transition period during which the rate actually paid by the consumer would be lower than the full rate. Urban Population 2010(million) 2025 (million) Urbanisation in 2010 Urbanisation by 2025 Commercialising water provision In 1987. Lastly. SEEG was then put into a PSP. the newly created SONEG.

SEEG began operations against a backdrop of severe water shortage and a network in a poor state of repair.5km 3 161m 3 0.906 Status Former PSP (SEEG) 112 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . Meanwhile. The bill collection ratio improved from below 50% in the years 1986-88 to 75% in 1995. Between 1989 and 1995. the 3 3 cost of water rose first from USD0. before falling back to 60%. This created major tensions between SONEG and SEEG with regard to the operational interpretation of the contract. while SEEG sought to have a greater degree of operational freedom. Groundwater Annual availability (1998) Per capita Conflict and contract expiry In 2001. MAJOR CITIES City Conakry 3 38. In 1989.90/m then falling back to USD0. For example. with no independent regulator.7km 8% 2% 90% 3 Fees collected by SEEG go towards paying service providers. how to avoid wasting water and why water had to be paid for. This perceived need for further operational flexibility was a major element of the contract renewal negotiations. The Guinean Government‘s 49% per cent share gave it some control over management decisions and the right to approve all changes of a legal nature.653 2025 2. water connections increased from 8.500 in 1975 to 12. along with some cultural difficulties.66 per m by 2000. a profit-oriented company needed to be developed.500 by 1995. One of the greatest problems faced by the contract was the customers‘ willingness and their capacity to pay in a period of economic difficulties when subsidies were to be ended.12/m to USD0. Metering also increased from about 5% to 98% of all connections by 2000.000 in 1989 and to 30.0km 3 4. covering distribution costs and for operations and investments carried out on behalf of the facilities owner (SONEG). which while still being sought appears to be some way from re-emerging after a decade‘s hiatus. 15% of urban dwellers had access to piped water. SONEG stuck to the contract rigidly. the lease contract between SEEG and SAUR and Veolia ended.GUINEA PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS Freshwater Freshwater withdrawals (2000) Per capita Percentage withdrawn(2000) Domestic (2000) Industrial (2000) Agriculture (2000) Operations and actualities 1. The performance of the contract between 1989 and 2001 was mixed.952m 2010 1. This had increased to 52% by 1996. and customers had to be educated about the qualities of drinking water.25/m at the start of the contract and progressively 3 3 to USD0. having formally expired in 1999 and no replacement contract being implemented.

Access to improved services Urban water Rural water Urban sanitation Rural sanitation 1980 18% 8% 21% 13% 2000 29% 55% 88% 34% 2008 82% 51% 49% 9% Household access to piped water was 27% for urban areas in 2008 and 1% for rural areas. the public water and electricity utility. countries such as Guinea-Bissau are likely to demonstrate the limits of private sector involvement. Guinea-Bissau suffers from poor water availability and catchment degradation where water sources occur. The state has continued to fail to make its payments to Suez on time. A PPP law was enacted in 2009 to allow for private sector infrastructure projects. At the same time. In a contract of this size. 113 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . 32% of the urban population had access to potable water in 1996. This contract is based on Suez receiving 75% of its income on a fixed fee basis. with the remaining 25% being performance-linked.GUINEA-BISSAU PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS GUINEA-BISSAU In Guinea-Bissau. in some cases with arrears extending to more than one year. concentrating on the Quinara and Tombali regions. One of the problems evident in a contract such as the one with Suez is the size of the market in relation to the costs required to fully reform the cost recovery process. it may well be cheaper for a company such as Suez to let matters rest rather than to address any underlying problems. EAGB‘s staff went on strike over unpaid wages. 24% of the urban population had access to adequate sanitation in 1996. The lack of a clear management role and the inability to take action over identifiable areas of under-performance has meant that this has been a difficult compromise for both the state and the private sector. while funds earmarked for investments in the network‘s infrastructure have not emerged. In the longer term. Suez has provided management support for water services since 1991 in order to improve the technical and financial performance of EAGB. EUR200million of UNICEF and EU funding to improve water services was unveiled in 2011. compared with 19% in 1991. In 2003. Nationally. tariffs have not been revised so as to allow billings to meet operating costs. 13% of households in urban areas had household sewerage in that year.

75billion was spent on sewerage work between 1990 and 1995. Some USD0. In total. Waters from the Danube are regarded as an unreliable source to depend upon.105 68% 74% 19% The proportion of population with sewerage services increased from 19% in 1980 to 49% in 2000. there are extensive seasonal water shortages. 35% of groundwater resources are regarded as failing acceptable standards.980 USD18. Urban Population Total (2010. because of the pollution load. million) Urban areas (2010) Urban areas (2025) In urban agglomerations (2015) Development of sewerage infrastructure Population served Tertiary Secondary Primary Sewerage None 1970 0% 4% 2% 13% 81% 1980 0% 12% 7% 0% 81% 1990 1% 14% 6% 10% 59% 1996 1% 17% 3% 0% 79% 2000 6% 24% 15% 1% 54% 2006 25% 35% 2% 3% 35% USD12. The country plans to spend USD4. 96% of the population was connected to mains water supplies. 60% of groundwater needs treatment prior to use. million) Total (2025. Groundwater quality is decreasing.000million EUR3.570 4% 29% 66% 6. Programmes Nitrate pollution Polluted area remediation Sewerage & wastewater – urban Sewerage and wastewater – rural Drinking water Vulnerable water sources 2001-15 2001-40 2001-15 2001-15+ 2001-15+ 1997-15+ EUR250million EUR4.5billion is to be spent on water provision during this period. with nitrate levels being a particular problem.HUNGARY PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS HUNGARY Economics (2009) GDP per capita GDP per capita (PPP) Agriculture Industry Services Water pollution concerns Industrial pollution of surface and groundwater is a major problem.500million EUR500million Uncertain EUR110million Connection to mains water and sewerage % Water 75% 92% 94% 95% 96% 96% 98% 99% 99% % Sewerage 40% 52% 54% 55% 56% 58% 58% 62% 65% 1980 1990 1992 1993 1994 1995 2002 2005 2006 114 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . A further USD1. In 1995. In the south and central areas.791 7.8billion on sewerage service extension work between 1996 and 2010.

51% of sewage collected is treated to tertiary standard 3 at two WWTWs as of 2008.7%.222m per 115 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 3 3 .300km. although 80% of the market is accounted for by the 25 largest firms. In 2010 the sewerage fee was HUF272. Water provision for the city was 285million m³ (drinking) in 1996.500km to 22.000m per day (average 2010 load of 142.000 3 95% 70% 70% 21.2 per m³ in 1990 and HUF45 per m³ in 1996. Groundwater 3 Total recharge (1998. utility fees rose by HUF230 for the average 3 household. Prices have to be confirmed with the municipality concerned before the concession is formally granted.03km 3 2. which rose to 93% by 2008 with the aim of 98% connection.706.HUNGARY PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS The quality of more than 42% of the drinking water supplies in 2002 did not fully meet EU and Hungarian standards.7million people.632m per day) 3 3 and the South Pest Plant has a capacity of 80. water fees rose by 13% and sewerage charges by 16.8 685 1.000m³ per day. In January 1999.711. along with 8million m³ for industry.000m per day (average 2010 load of 64.000 Status Water and sewerage PSPs City study: Upgrading Budapest’s sewage treatment In 1997. Urban Services % Water % Sewerage % Sewage treated PSP There are now more than 400 different water or wastewater service providers in Hungary. PSP has taken place where it has made sense to all parties on a case by case basis. was awarded to Eurawasser AG.2 per m including a water recharge component of 3 HUF23.3km 9% 59% 32% 6. In total. 98% of the city is connected to mains water. Budapest‘s sewerage services company was outsourced under a concession contract in 1997. even to non payers. The North Pest plant has a capacity of 200. A 25% stake was sold to a joint bid by Berliner Wasser-Betriebe and Veolia. km ) 3 Per capita (1998.000m per day of sewage effluent and rainwater collected each day from 1.082m 3 127. m ) 3 Withdrawals (1990.73 per m . with 500-600.0 35% 48% 18% 2025 1. km ) For domestic use (1990) For industry (1990) For agriculture (1990) MAJOR CITIES Population 2010 Budapest 1. Outside Budapest. Water fees were HUF1. Freshwater Freshwater withdrawals (2001) Per capita Percentage withdrawn(2000) Domestic (2000) Industrial (2000) Agriculture (2000) Budapest’s PSP Fovarosi Csatonazasi.. Financing of the project is via 25% equity and 75% debt. 53% of the population of Budapest was connected to the sewerage network. The operational contract for Favorsi Vizmurek Rt. with water supply obligatory. The concession involves the construction of 150km of sewerage piping and expanding the South Pest WWTW by 40. Between 1994 and 2000. Budapest‘s water provision utility. Municipalities regard water provision and sewerage as being a non-profit activity. rather than through a general programme. The concession award was delayed when the municipality blocked proposals to raise water fees. the length of the sewerage network increased by 7.

The South Pest plant was upgraded to full nutrient removal in 2005 and the North Pest plant followed in 2010.000 Pesci Vizmu Suez (France) 198.605km to 3.000 116 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .000 BWI VE (Germany) / RWE (Germany) 0 1.5 year water and sewerage concession Suez Pecs 25 + 5 year water and sewerage concession Suez Borsodviz 20 year water and sewerage concession Borsodviz Rt.000 190.470km to 1.000 190.000 1.000.000 198. The Cespel plant was built in 2009 and completed its operating trials in July 2010.000 392. Erd 25 year water & sewerage concession Veolia Hodmézövásarhely 25 year sewerage concession BWI Private sector company operations (Please see the relevant company entry for details) Company Parent company (country) Population served Water Sewerage Total 2.000m design capacity. It is a tertiary 3 treatment facility with a 300. Approximately 60% of the network is a combined rainwater/foul water system.814km with connecting sewers rising from 1.HUNGARY PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS day). Private sector contracts awarded (Please see the relevant company entry for details) Location Contract Company Budapest 25 year sewerage concession BWI Budapest 25 year water provision concession Eurawasser Debreen 20 year water and sewerage concession Eurawasser Kapsovar 15 + 7.000 0 198.000 282. Between 2004 and 2010. all of Budapest‘s sewage is now treated to tertiary standard.900.000. Gelsenwasser (Germany) 190.596km. As a result.000 Eurawasser Suez (France) / RWE (Germany) 2.000 Borsodviz Rt.000 Veolia VE (France) 348.900. the mains sewer network increased from 3.

88km 3 1. one-third of the world average. The DE also sets acceptable limits for all hazardous effluents discharged from sources. 13 times the rate of precipitation. Major water and sewerage infrastructure projects have made relatively little headway since the 1979 Revolution.7m 7% 2% 91% Domestic consumption of water in large cities is approximately 200 litres per capita per day. agriculture depended on the qanat system. there has been a long term programme of dam building and well construction. as the tenth point of the Revolution. Since the 1960s. The former Shah of Iran nationalised water resources in 1967. the quantity is one hundred and eighty litres. The average rainfall in 96% of Iran's land area does not exceed 20cm pa. This is an underground channel that conveys water from a highland aquifer to the surface at lower levels by gravity. Urban Population Total 2010. There are fifteen sewage treatment plants 117 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . some USD200million of World Bank loans for sewerage and healthcare projects were postponed in June 1999 after a crackdown on Jewish Iranians. million Urban areas (2010) Urban areas (2025) 53. The rate of evaporation is correspondingly high. Two National Plans running from 1969 to 1978 emphasised the importance of reservoir construction. For example.530 USD11.490 10% 44% 45% Most of Iran is arid or semi-arid. In Tehran. Political sensitivities have played a major role in this. in small cities. where the mean annual precipitation is 22cm.983 70. Freshwater Freshwater withdrawals Per capita Percentage withdrawn (2000) Domestic (2000) Industrial (2000) Agriculture (2000) 3 72.000 qanats in use. with a total output roughly equal to that of the Euphrates River. the Environmental Protection and Enhancement Act (1974) and the Prevention of Water Pollution Regulation (1994). Drinking water quality standards are set by the Department of the Environment (DE). Desalination was increased from 3million 3 3 m pa to 23million m pa between 1974 and 1978. % Water % Sewerage 2008 % Sewage treated 96% 30% 10% The Ministry of Energy of the Islamic Republic of Iran co-ordinates the country‘s water policies.IRAN PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS IRAN Economics (2009) GDP per capita GDP per capita (PPP) Agriculture Industry Services USD4. the Act of the Establishment of Water and Wastewater Companies (1984). The main items of legislation include the Fair Water Distribution Act (1983).048m 3 56. with annual rainfall averaging about 24cm. The Regional Water and Wastewater Company carries out regional management. 3 with 27billion m of water held by dams by the end of 1978.120 67.02% Until recently. the potential evaporation is about 300cm. million Total 2025.75% 78. This process effectively ended with the election of Mahmoud Ahmadinejad in 2005. Currently there are some 50. These loans were originally drawn up in 1993 and were only reactivated in 2002. Iran was then seeking to normalise its relations with most Western economies and water and wastewater infrastructure projects are of a non-contentious nature with regard to the mobilisation of international investment and management. Urban Services.

742.000 2. In total.000 2025 1.652.299.000 1.060.317. along with about thirty units for recycling wastewater.000 8. MAJOR CITIES Population Ahvaz Karaj Kermanshah Mashhad Qom Shiraz Tabriz Tehran Esfahan 2010 1.584.000 1.814.5million by 2029.042.277.590.000 1.000 2. The Tehran Sewerage Company (TSC) is developing a larger scheme to install a comprehensive sewerage network in Tehran with the aim of developing at least two WWTWs to serve a population of 10.038.000 1.483.000 837.161.000 3.299.000 Status N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 118 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .000 1.000 1. some 10% of urban sewerage is treated and 30% of urban households are connected to a sewerage system.387.000 1.029.000 7.000 2.IRAN PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS operating in the country.241.000 1.000 1.

WHO. no new water projects were started in 2005 and the programme has effectively been frozen since. Secondary contracts worth up to a further USD400million were also signed. In consequence.4%) of the funds allocated to works in the sector were subsequently withdrawn. it emerged that all but USD1.5million people in Iraq in 2002. Urban Services. the Water Resources Minister stated that he believed that Iraq needs up to USD15billion to repair its water and wastewater systems. the special inspector general for Iraq reconstruction reported that 60% of planned water and sanitation projects had not been carried out and that 49 of 136 planned water and sanitation projects will in fact be completed. by April 2005. Access to potable piped water decreased between surveys carried out in 1996 and 2003 and 2004. Latif Rashid.07billion of the USD3. financed by the USD18.3m 3% 5% 92% … as services and infrastructure suffer as a result 77% of Iraqis lived in urban areas in 2000 and the latest data points to 22. 500. In June 2005.8million people had been accessed by USD600million in investments in water and sanitation projects through the Iraq Infrastructure Reconstruction Program. for those living in urban areas) access to potable water and sewerage. WWTW data is for 2003 119 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . Freshwater Freshwater withdrawals (2000) Per capita Percentage withdrawn (2000) Domestic (2000) Industrial (2000) Agriculture (2000) 3 42.482m 3 121. along with a wastewater treatment plant in Baghdad resumed operations in June 2004 having been out of service since 1992. An official assessment of the water and sewerage infrastructure was carried out by the Ministry of Housing and Development Co-Operation in 2004: Water and wastewater services in Iraq: Piped Water services 88% 43% Safe Water Systems 60% 33% Improved Sanitation 66% 56% Connected to Sewerage 47% 3% WWTW 27% NA Urban Rural Sources: MHDC. which when complete will recover 250million gallons of drinking water per day.70km 3 1. In January 2006. 11. This includes the expansion of Baghdad‘s main water treatment plant. including providing ‗universal‘ (in other words.185billion (50.1million people).8billion were announced in 2003-04.IRAQ PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS IRAQ Water and sanitation projects have been shelved… Iraq‘s water and sewerage infrastructure has been one of the principal casualties of the Iraq war and continues to suffer from the resultant social and political fall-out. water and sewerage systems repair and enhancement costs will be USD7billion. According to USAID. % Water % Sewerage 2007 % Sewage treated 90% 37% 27% A series of water and wastewater contracts worth USD4. The report noted that ‗administrative expenses‘ meant that USD2. has been diverted to security.6billion appropriated by Congress to rebuild Iraq's infrastructure. However. by February 2005. USAID currently states that ten sewage treatment plants had been refurbished (serving 5.000 people in villages have had water supplies provided by a further 70 projects. USAID.1million people) along with 19 water treatment plants (serving 3.65billion pledged by the United States toward new water infrastructure. According to the United Nations in 2004.

IRAQ PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS Overall. There are 13 major sewage treatment works in Iraq. 40% or urban households examined had sewage present in nearby streets.891.000 1. with those who are supplied suffering from intermittent service provision. Baghdad. In practice. a shortage of parts.447. a decline from 93% access to improved sanitation to 66% was recorded.447.000 1. Source: Iraq living conditions survey 2004.8million people in Baghdad.000 1.000 836. Privatising some of Iraq‘s water services within a year was considered by the authorities in 2003.000 2. capable in theory of serving 5million people including three facilities that serve 3. 54% of households have access to safe and stable drinking water supplies. 38% of urban households regarded their water supplies as being too expensive. with 54% reporting problems in obtaining an adequate supply. but this was subsequently abandoned due to the deteriorating political and economic conditions.043.000 5. According to the UNDP‘s 2003 assessment (primarily based on 1996 data). chemicals and power means they are operating well at below capacity.000 1. 2005 120 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .009. Ministry of Housing and Development Co-Operation / UNEP.000 Status N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A When surveyed about their water services by the Ministry.000 8. Volume II: Analytical Report.000 2025 1. The International Committee of the Red Cross believes that 40% of Iraqis did not have access to safe drinking water in 2008 and 25% in 2010. It is estimated that wastewater treatment is failing to occur for 80% of the collected wastewater due to the inability of plants to be operated under erratic power and materials supplies. although caution is needed when comparing such surveys. so there has been a significant deterioration in water services. Iraq. 29% have safe drinking water with an erratic supply and 17% have poor supplies of unsafe water. MAJOR CITIES Population Al Basrah ( Basra) Al Mawsil (Mosul) Baghdad Irbil (Erbil) Sulaimaniya 2010 923. 90% of households used to have access to safe drinking water.267.092.249. Likewise.

compared with 77 in 2006. Nitrate levels for surface waters and aquifers are within EU standards.0% poor and 2.6% in 1987-90 to 16.8% 17.9% 12. Irish surface waters contain a relative low level of nitrate. The water supply pipe network and reservoir system are owned. 27.628 62% 67% In terms of ecological status. This.4% 0. The number of group schemes with intermittent bacterial contamination fell from 246 to 184 during this period.1%.8% in 2006-08 and overall high status from 29. water supply systems are public utilities.4% of water bodies had a high biological status. which are in private ownership.6% 2. developed. the proportion of river sites with high-reference status fell from 12.8% by 2006-08. While groundwater resources are generally unpolluted.5% in 1987-90 to 1. but still represented 31% of supplies. operated and maintained by City and Town councils (78% of the population).0% 12.8% 2001-03 69.9% good.842 3. In 1989.3% 0. Overall compliance was at 99. There are also very many individual supplies (10% of the population) to single dwellings and industrial enterprises in rural areas.2% bad. owned. it was found that 20% of noted water pollution incidents resulted from agriculture.9% 1998-00 69. combined with the shallowness could cause problems in the future. Urban Services % Water % Sewerage % Sewage treated 100% 97% 40% 121 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . Rural water supplies are also organised into Group Schemes (12% of the population). 21.IRELAND PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS IRELAND Economics (2009) GDP per capita GDP per capita (PPP) Agriculture Industry Services USD44.2% 17. there is also little contamination with metals and pesticides. operated and maintained by the local authorities. Urban Population Total 2010 (million) Total 2025 (million) In urban areas 2010 In urban areas 2025 Water quality Inland water quality Class A – Unpolluted B – Slight pollution C – Moderate pollution D – Serious pollution 1995-97 66.2% 14. which are relatively small-scale co-operative water systems. In terms of ecological status. Drinking water compliance Public water schemes Group water schemes Overall 2001 97% 89% 95% 2002 97% 91% 96% 2003 98% 92% 96% In 2007.9% 18. operated and maintained by user groups. except for the small-scale group schemes.0% 0. The relatively low level of industrialisation means that the influence of intensive agriculture is higher than usual. after research to identify the impact of agriculture on water quality. the EPA in 2008 found that 9. 5% of public water supplies (52 out of 952) had intermittent bacterial contamination.280 2% 34% 64% Service provision and management In urban areas. the fissured nature of the limestone aquifers means that pollutants can move through them relatively rapidly.310 USD33. 75% of public water supply stems from surface water.5% moderate. 39.

which accounts for most of the population.2 35% 37% 29% 122 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . This has meant that poorer (usually rural) municipalities imposed charges. km ) For domestic use (1980) For industry (1980) For agriculture (1980) …because of a little local difficulty Despite the anti-cost recovery rhetoric. For smaller facilities.3m 23% 77% 0% 3.5 971 0. only 22-29% of plants met their consents in 2002-03. water and sewerage charges are now under active consideration. This has traditionally been left to the discretion of local authorities. Population served Tertiary Secondary Primary Sewerage None 1980 0% 11% 1990 0% 21% 23% 22% 34% 2005 12% 70% 2% 11% 5% 2008 92% 1% 1% 5% Compliance with discharge consents remains a significant problem. Spending needs During 2005-09. against 52-57% for larger and more advanced facilities. with a total of EUR4. As of 2010. with EUR600-800million pa being spent on capital works. Ireland was 92% compliant with the EU Urban Wastewater Treatment Directive‘s 2005 targets against 25% in 2000. Groundwater 3 Total recharge (1998. while cities such as Dublin and Limerick did not. In September 2007.18km 3 284m 3 2. This is a EUR4. In the mid 1990s. operating expenditure averaged EUR400million pa.7billion increase on the levels set out in the National Development Plan. the Irish Government unveiled a EUR5. the Local Government Act of 1997 abolished domestic water charges. The spending has been linked to a more stringent enforcement of water resource protection. Freshwater Freshwater withdrawals (1994) Per capita Percentage withdrawn(2000) Domestic (2000) Industrial (2000) Agriculture (2000) Paying for water services… Ireland is the only country in the EU that does not charge for domestic water on a universal basis.IRELAND PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS Development of sewerage infrastructure The effect of EU cohesion funding on Ireland‘s sewage treatment facilities can be seen from the development of broadly based secondary/tertiary treatment by 2002-03. The data in the table below is for people living in groups of at least 500. an attempt to impose uniform charges backfired and as a result. m ) 3 Withdrawals (1980.6billion being invested in Ireland‘s water and wastewater infrastructure between 2000 and 2010. despite displeasure over grants. the EU granted Ireland an exemption under the Water Framework Directive‘s aim of water utilities seeking full cost recovery from 2010. Subsequently. which will establish licences for large wastewater treatment plants. km ) 3 Per capita (1998. a blueprint for the country's growth from 2007-2013.8billion package of 950 individual water and sewerage infrastructure schemes. As part of the general austerity measures being taken to address the banking and property collapse. 3 1. local realities have since changed matters.

Wexford. Private sector contracts awarded (Please see the relevant company entry for details) Location Contract Company Cork 22 year sewage treatment BOT Northumbrian Dublin 20 year sewage treatment BOT AWI consortium Sligo 10 year water O&M AWI consortium Fringal County 20 year sewage treatment BOT Aecom Castlebar 22 year sewage treatment BOT VE Mullingar 22 year sewage treatment BOT VE Limerick 20 year sewage treatment BOT VE Private sector company operations (Please see the relevant company entry for details) Company Parent company (country) Population served Water Sewerage Total 220.000 AWI AWG (UK) 50. A central unit is being created in Ireland's department of finance to launch a number of pilot projects for roads and other schemes.2003. MAJOR CITIES Population 2010 Dublin 1. SOER 2010. Paris. Wexford.000 1. OECD. and may bring in private money. EPA Office of Environmental Enforcement (2004) The Quality of Drinking Water in Ireland: A Report for the Year 2003.000 Northumbrian NWG (UK) 0 220.IRELAND PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS Board na Mona is to take over aspects of Ireland‘s water supply including a proposed EUR540million scheme to provide water to Dublin by taking water from the Shannon and building a 700 acre reservoir in Co Offaly.337.000 138.000 Aecom Aecom (USA) 0 30. EPA. Ireland.000 VE VE (France) 0 138. France 123 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . EPA.000 1. Denmark OECD (2010) OECD Environmental Performance Review: Ireland. European Environment Agency. Ireland.000 2025 1.250. Wexford. It will involve private-sector expertise in design and operation. EEA (2010) Freshwater (Ireland) The state and impacts.000 30. EPA. Ireland. EPA Office of Environmental Enforcement (2004) Water Quality in Ireland 2001 .000 Sources: EPA Office of Environmental Enforcement (2004) Urban Waste Water Discharges in Ireland: A Report for the Years 2002 and 2003. Copenhagen.200.000 Status Sewage treatment privatised in 2000 The UK Government's Treasury Taskforce for PFI is being used as a model by the Government of the Republic of Ireland to develop public private partnerships for major infrastructure projects. the first such project in the Republic of Ireland for some 60 years.099.

It is estimated that by 2020 effluent use will constitute 50%.PALESTINE Economics (2009) GDP per capita GDP per capita (PPP) Urban Population Total 2010.71% 30% of effluents were treated to tertiary standard in 2008. National policy calls for the gradual replacement of freshwater allocations to agriculture by reclaimed effluents. Palestine: Population 2010 (million) 2025 (million) 100% 80% 60% 3. As 450million m3 pa of wastewater is currently produced. USAID work has been frozen due to the intensification of the conflict.ISRAEL . This is creating considerable potential for mutual aid between the two states with Palestine taking over the commodity side of food production and Israel concentrating on higher value activities such as seeds and support services. Water provision and use in Israel (1992-93) Domestic use (L/day) Agriculture Industry Domestic 3 Total (million m ) 275 63% 6% 31% 1. At the beginning of the 1990s. % Water % Sewerage 2007 % Sewage treated The West Bank and the Gaza Strip Water development and management projects in the West Bank and the Gaza strip to date have been related to aid spending or World Bank supported schemes. Presently reclaimed municipal wastewater accounts for 30% of the total water supplied to agriculture. 90% of domestic and industrial users were connected to the sewerage network and 70% of the water collected was 3 reused. million Total 2025. million Urban areas (2010) Urban areas (2025) Water in Israel Israel is one of the leaders in recycling wastewater.3 124 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .740 USD27.4 5. treatment will be extended for all of these effluents.PALESTINE PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS ISRAEL . From 1992 to 2003. or about 10% of total supply. Urban Services. 3 the quantity of treated wastewater grew from 126million to 332million m per year. the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) and the French Development Agency (AFD). Million m3 per annum Wastewater discharged Secondary / Tertiary treatment Primary treatment Untreated Effluent for irrigation 1998 398 223 131 44 271 2008 488 416 55 17 400 USD25.040 6.85% 92.754 Fresh water in all areas of Israel will be restricted to domestic use by 2014.692 8. USD75million in aid was granted in 2003 to alleviate water supply shortages the Southern West Bank. via the World Bank. The increased cost of land and labour is driving the profitability of irrigation agriculture down.131 91. accounting for 195million m pa of water. The 82% use of treated effluents for irrigation that year was the world‘s highest.

Israel in turn pumps some 70million m pa 3 from the Yarmouk while Syria takes between 200-250million m pa from this river.300km and is some 230km long. along with direct water extractions in the Upper Jordan Valley and on the shores of Lake Tiberias accounts for effectively the whole discharge of the river in its northern section. Gaza I.5billion in the West Bank over the next 20 years. The Lower Jordan forms the border between Jordan and Israel and then between Jordan and the West Bank. which. immigration. permanently settled areas in the world.400million m pa. Israel‘s National Water Carrier 3 was conveying 420-450million m pa in the 1980s. the Hasbani rises in Southern Lebanon. Water usage in the two main rivers (1990s. Some 3 400-500million m pa is discharged into the river through a number of smaller tributaries in Jordan. the Dan (250million m pa). and the Banias rises on the Golan Heights. They are unique in that their relatively poor groundwater resources and petrochemical deposits mean that surface water resources have to form the backbone of the water supply. 125 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .S. their use and abuse The Jordan River basin drains an area of 18. Financial and political pressures have restricted Jordan‘s 3 3 exploitation to 120-130million m pa from the Yarmouk. Suez‘s management replaced 8. and into Israel before converging into the Jordan River.05km 3 305m 3 273. Hasbani (125million 3 3 m pa).500million m pa. The 3 estimated total renewable water supply for the region is approximately 2. The Yarmouk (400-550million m pa) rises in Syria. The total natural 3 discharge of the basin averages around 1. but has enough rainfall to be self sufficient in water resources. 2015 71% 76% 0% In 1999. The Upper Jordan.3m 31% 7% 62% Water resources. without recharge. The Lebanon is also a party to these regional concerns. The resulting deficit is met by extracting water. the USD28million. Freshwater Freshwater withdrawals (2000) Per capita Percentage withdrawn(2000) Domestic (2000) Industrial (2000) Agriculture (2000) 3 2.000m. then the river flows along the Syrian-Jordanian border. has three sources. from groundwater sources and underground aquifers. the European Investment Bank loaned EUR30million in a EUR65million package for developing water resources for the cities of Hebron and Bethlehem in the West Bank. The increase in water demands placed on these resources have been exacerbated by population growth. Conflict study: Israel.000m and repaired a further 7. Geological Survey. The Dan is within Israel.000million m pa. according to a 1998 study compiled by the U. and Banias (125million m pa).5billion in the Gaza strip and USD3.PALESTINE PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS Palestine: Population Urbanisation in 2010 Urbanisation by 2025 In urban agglomerations.ISRAEL . which belonged to Syria until 1967 and are now 3 under Israeli control. four-year water and wastewater management contract won in July 1996 by Suez saw revenue collection double and leakage fall from 50% to 31%. The Palestinian Water Authority‘s National Water Plan highlights investment needs of USD1. Jordan and Syria occupy one of the three most arid. while water 3 use averages 3. Gaza II was abandoned due to deteriorating political conditions since 2001. which forms the axis 3 of the northern part of the system. million m pa) Upper Jordan 550 0 0 0 0 Yarmouk River 70-100 120-130 150-240 N/A 0 3 2 Israel Jordan Syria Lebanon West Bank Israel and Syria have extensively exploited these rivers in recent years. Jordan and Syria Israel. refugee flows and the insistence by various parties on using irrigated agriculture.

Water usage in the West Bank (million m pa) Israel Settlers Palestinians Unallocated Politics and practicalities All water disputes in the region revolve round perceptions of water and power.000 Status N/A N/A N/A Licenses for setting up independent water and sewage companies were first awarded in 2003. Haifa. the first two being to Rishon Le Zion and Metullah. 3 The West Bank aquifer (also called the Mountain Aquifer) delivers 600-900million m pa of water with 3 a safe yield of 632million m pa. 3 The potential for brackish water development is estimated at 180million m pa.000 3.ISRAEL .036. Ashdod and Petah Tikva are also setting up municipal water and sewage companies. reflecting the lower cost of desalinating brackish water. Historically.000 126 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . military raids were carried out on dams. use of the western aquifer by the local Palestinian 3 population was limited to part of the flow of springs as well as some 20million m from traditional dug wells in the coastal area. but it does not recognise the realities after the 1967 war. Any projects that are seen as possibly strengthening one side have traditionally been opposed by the other.10km 3 187m 3 1. The Water Commission issued regulations that require the state-owned Mekorot Water Company to purchase brackish water desalinated by private 3 producers. and winter runoff.PALESTINE 3 PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS The natural discharge of the river was 1.195. water desalination BOT VE Private sector company operations (Please see the relevant company entry for details) Company Parent company (country) Population served Water Sewerage Total VE VE (France) 700.35 per m . This water is unsuitable for irrigation because of its high salinity and other pollution. MAJOR CITIES Population Hefa (Haifa) Jerusalem Tel Aviv Yafa (Tel Aviv – Jaffa) 3 3 413 110 50 58 1.300million m pa. Jerusalem.000 2025 1. Water allocation was one of the core areas for debate during the last peace process.000 3.000 944.000 782. Most of the aquifers and the rain recharge arise in the West Bank and are transboundary in nature. 30% below the cost of water from Veolia‘s Ashkelon plant. Private sector contracts awarded (Please see the relevant company entry for details) Location Contract Company Ashkelon 25 year. while in the 1960s and 1970s.823. Mekorot has agreed to purchase 8.20km 2010 1.5million m of water annually from a JV between 3 kibbutz Maagan Michael on the Mediterranean coast and Ionics at USD0. and some irrigation return flows.000 0 700. The intention is to allow these entities to be privatised at a later date.272. Groundwater Annual availability (1998) Per capita Annual withdrawal (1986) Private sector developments Israel‘s water industry was liberalised in 2003. along with the remaining Yarmouk waters. a total of 2003 300million m pa. The 1955 Johnson Plan for water allocation is often invoked by Jordan and Syria. Israel allows a flow downstream from Lake 3 Tiberias of 60million m pa (about 10% of the natural discharge in this section). United Nations vetoes have been used to block World Bank funding for water provision schemes in Jordan.

Promote Prosperity and help Bring Peace to the Lower Jordan River Valley.PALESTINE PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS Source: Friends of the Earth Middle East (2005) Crossing the Jordan: Concept Document to Rehabilitate. 127 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . Aman.ISRAEL . Israel. Jordan & Bethleham & Tel Aviv.

Milan. The population equivalent generated by residents. where 51% of the waters are considered to be suffering from some degree of eutrophication. million) Total (2025. Padua and La Specia. Problems remain in different areas of the country with regards to the presence of nitrates in drinking water.330 2% 27% 71% This is for 2007. Adige and Arno account for 40% of Italy‘s fresh water resources. 310L per day. Tiber. commercial and industrial users and tourists is of 99million people. and Sicily. The water quality in natural and man-made lakes is generally poor. with their basins covering 35% of the surface area and 45% of the population.8 10. 243L per day.67million people. where there was a shift in Class II waters from 38% and small falls in Classes III to V.8 6. Urban Population Total (2010. Excess levels of nitrates in drinking water are a particular problem in Tuscany. saline intrusions into underground coastal aquifers and the problem of the presence of organic synthetic compounds such as organic chlorinates. Access to sewerage rose from 30% in 1980 to 62% in 1987 128 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . the Marches and Campania. Saline intrusion into coastal aquifers in Romagna.083 43. 70% of the overall pollution load is subject to treatment. Puglia and Sicily is also of concern.ITALY PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS ITALY Economics (2009) GDP per capita GDP per capita (PPP) Agriculture (2005) Industry (2005) Services (2005) Water quality River waters are monitored with compliance with the Water Framework Directive in mind: I: High II: Good III: Moderate IV: Poor V: Bad 5% 43% 32% 15% 5% USD35. million) In urban areas (2010) In urban areas (2025) In urban agglomerations (2015) Infrastructure and service provision National gross water supply Billion m³ 5. These four rivers are all of poor or bad quality. 80% of the industrial effluent generation is concentrated in the Paduan basin. According to official returns. Organic compounds are at a high level in the Po Valley. The Rivers Po. with an average water supply of 174L per day to domestic users. Urban areas have a higher than average usage: Rome. Vicenza. Groundwater problems are mainly caused by the intensive use of herbicides and fertilisers.080 USD31. Brescia.6 Per capita 297 L/day 324 L/day 352 L/day 548 L/day 41. most of the beaches meet guideline as well as mandatory standards. where 40% of the capacity is subject to frequent algal blooms. Algal blooms continue to be a problem in the Upper Adriatic Sea due to the discharge of untreated effluents mainly into the river Po.615 68% 72% 21% 1961 1975 1998 2015 There was an average abstraction of 324L per day in 1975. 300L per day and Turin. This phenomenon is particularly evident in Sardinia. significantly affecting water supplies for 0.2 5.

with 112 of these lacking a sewerage system.161million people are in areas of regular water stress.690 1.000 have inadequate sewage treatment or sewerage.360 334 2.988 Comuni still have no sewage treatment works. 8. and 78% in the south. In total.120 3.ITALY PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS and 80% by 1995.280 11.165 of Italy‘s 7.5million has an effective sewage treatment while nearly half of Comuni with a population of 1080.3m 18% 37% 45% 129 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . 9. in ‗Italy‘s wastewater nightmare‘.270 307 827 219 26 1. In 1995. July 2009 Regional water scarcity Urban Services. Therefore. 55% of people in Sardinia faced occasional water shortages. GWI. These areas are considered to be under the threat of supply disruptions in drought years. While in the north of Italy. 45% in 1987 and 62% by 1995. this rises to 18% in central Italy. Freshwater Freshwater withdrawals (2008) Per capita Percentage withdrawn (2000) Domestic (2000) Industrial (2000) Agriculture (2000) 3 41. Only one of the six cities with a population over 0. 55% on the islands.020 New build 55% 38% 46% 56% 90% 44% 52% 74% 51% 46% 26% 40% 37% Upgrading 45% 62% 54% 44% 10% 56% 48% 26% 49% 54% 74% 60% 63% Source: Utilitatis. According to Veolia Environnement (VE) in 1995.98km 3 723m 3 24. The proportion of domestic sewage subject to treatment was 14% in 1971. % Water % Sewerage 2007 % Sewage treated 100% 90% 85% 25% of the overall population has inadequate water resources. Planned investment in wastewater treatment (EUR million) Region Piemonte Lombardia Liguria Veneto Emilia Romagna Toscana Umbria Marche Lazio Abruzzo Molise Campania Puglia Basilicata Calabria Sicilia Total 1.5% of the population does not have sufficient amounts of water. the Italian Parliament is currently examining a law proposing the reorganisation of the National Water Network with special emphasis on supplying the southern parts of Italy.620 10 1. the connection rate rose from 14% in 1970 to 30% in 1980 and 61% in 1990.850 20 18 1. Sewage treatment development Year Tertiary Secondary Primary 1970 0% 6% 8% 1995 5% 34% 17% 1999 24% 36% 3% 2005 84% 10% 0% According to Eurostat. A survey by Itstat in 2004 found that 1. rising to 30% in 1980. some 35% of sewage treatment works were working below par or were in fact not in operation.

with the aim of these then combining water provision and sewerage. Italian Research Centre for European Studies.Sele Lombardia Milano (Provincia) Lombardia Bergamo Marche 3 . Public share 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% (Amga)* 100% 100% Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 Cicli Integrati Impianti Primari Valle Umbra Servizi 130 .M. Florence.Peligno Alto Sangro Abruzzo 6 . …and Italy’s 2011 Dario Fo moment In May 2011.I. let alone provided for. when the first direct concession award (Arezzo by Suez and Amga) took place. a referendum was held concerning plans to expand PSP in the water sector. Brianzacqua. C.Cosenza Campania S .A. The Galli Law started to make an impact in 1999. Italy. Working Paper 1. Inevitably.. 2005-06 ATO not established ATO procedure not decided Procedure decided ATOs 4 30 13 33 11 57 91 Concession started 0 0 12 25 1 38 38 % started 92% 76% 9% 67% 42% Public PPP Private Total Grand Total Source: Giulio Citroni (2007) Public-private partnerships in the Italian reform of water supply and sanitation services. eliminating the scope for cross-subsidies between these activities and water and sewerage services. A secondary driver has been the opening up of gas and electricity markets to competition. Miacqua AKUA Unidra.Marche Sud . Progress in the development and establishment of ATOs. The table below provides a snapshot of ATO development in 2005-07 ATC Abruzzo 1 .Chietino Basilicata UNICO Calabria 1 . 95% voted against full cost recovery.Marche. Astea S. it focussed on full cost recovery and water being a God-given right.Ascoli Piceno Umbria Company Gran Sasso Acqua Saca Spa SASI Spa Acquedotto Lucano Cosenza Acque SIIS scarl AEMME. One of the central elements for attaining this is to allow the former municipal water utilities to expand their services into other regions of Italy.ITALY PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS The 1994 Galli Law The Galli Law is designed to address the inadequacies of the current operational structure in Italy when faced with a EUR25billion ten year bill for basic EU compliance work. The Law seeks to rationalise various water entities into 91 more manageable entities. CIRES.Marche Centro-Macerata Marche 5 . won‘t pay‘ has a limited resonance and fails to address matters such as how services are to be paid for.Aquilano Abruzzo 3 . but Fo‘s ‗can‘t pay.

R. Romagna 9 . S. Italian Research Centre for European Studies.Perugia Toscana 3 .Toscana Costa Toscana 6 . 64 remained within public entities and six were classified as ‗other‘. 5 Frosinone Source: Giulio Citroni (2007) Public-private partnerships in the Italian reform of water supply and sanitation services. km ) For Domestic use (1985) For Industry (1985) For Agriculture (1985) 30.Basso Valdarno Toscana 4 .Genova Lazio 5 .Latina Liguria GE .0 524 12.A.I.Foligno Veneto VC .Ombrone Em. 106 awards had been noted (source: CORVBI in GWI (2008) Italy‘s water future in the balance. Italy.Lazio Meridionale . the Galli Law has clearly assisted the development of private sector participation on a broader basis. Working Paper 1.p.Roma Lazio 4 . Groundwater 3 Total recharge (1998.Lazio Meridionale .Astigiano. Florence. the municipal share of the market was more than 87%.O. CIRES.Frosinone Company Public share Acque del Chiampo SII S.Terni Campania SV . Umbra acque Publiacqua Spa ASA Acquedotto del Fiora HERA ASP SpA Acque Spa Nuove Acque Acea Ato 2 Acqualatina AMGA 100% 75% 73% Acea 72% 60% Acea 60% Amga 60% Acea 56% 55% Amga 55% Acea 54% Amga 51% 51% 51% Comune di Roma 0% Acea A.T. Given that in 1995.O.Rimini Piemonte 5 .Sarnese vesuviano Umbria 1 . GWI April 2008) of which five went directly to private sector entities.A. with 131 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . Monferrato Toscana 2 . km ) 3 Per capita (1998. GWI.Medio Valdarno Toscana 5 . 31 used PPPs. Market size and development The ‗Blue Book‘ (GWI (2008) ―Blue Book‖ predicts EUR67billion of investment. G. m ) 3 Withdrawals (1985.Valle del Chiampo Umbria 2 .p. August 2008) anticipated EUR67billion of investment in water and wastewater between 2009 and 2038.ITALY PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS ATC 3 .0 53% 13% 34% By 2008.Lazio Centrale .Alto Valdarno Lazio 2 .

198.000 53.067 444.5% 7. Casal.7% 32.824 317.54 per m by 2020.6% 19.465 161.603 1.070 325.675 252. Turin Astigiano Alessandrino Valle del Chiampo Alto VenetoBelluno North Tuscany Basso Valdarno-Pisa Medio ValdarnoFlorence Alto ValdarnoArezzo Tuscany coast-Livorno Ombrone Perugia Terni Foligno Central LazioRome South LazioLatina South LazioFrosinone Peligno Alto Sangro Pescara Teramano Chieti Calore Irpino Sarnese Vesuviano Sele Basilicata Cosenza Catanzaro Crotone Vibo Valentia Reggio Calabria Palermo Capex (EUR 000) 343. Capex here refers to all water related projects.4% 43.92billion for sewerage and EUR3.414 687.0% 54.9% 13. which break down as EUR9.23 3 3 per m in 2008 to EUR1.668 2.348 3.073 662.538 355.0% 30.806 0.817 340.834 262.696.691 352.000 Water Delivery 19.4% 10.065 1.267 378. Vercel c.3% 8.212.895.477 Piedmont Piedmont Piedmont Veneto Veneto Tuscany Tuscany Tuscany ATO 3 ATO 5 ATO 6 ATO ATO ATO 1 ATO 2 ATO 3 1.226 371.359 Tuscany Tuscany Tuscany Umbria Umbria Umbria Lazio Lazio Lazio Abruzzo Abruzzo Abruzzo Abruzzo Campania Campania Campania Basilicata Calabria Calabria Calabria Calabria Calabria Sicily ATO 4 ATO 5 ATO 6 ATO 1 ATO 2 ATO 3 ATO 2 ATO 4 ATO 5 ATO 3 ATO 4 ATO 5 ATO 6 ATO 1 ATO 3 ATO 4 ATO 1 ATO 2 ATO 3 ATO 4 ATO 5 ATO 1 216.701 1.0% 8.065 853.8% Number of Communes 185 People Served 446.826 1.207.097 563.289 132 20.345 79.0% 20.9% 26.408 76. These figures are not exhaustive.234 484.1% 44.423 221.840 333.261.4% 56.682 426.780 163.3% 33.0% 20.536 522.1% 69.ITALY PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS perhaps 85% coming from the private sector and funded through average tariffs rising from EUR1.1% 0.462.739 477.0% 13. covering 42% of Italy‘s population give an idea of various regional trends and capital spending commitments.0% 8.065.698 1.831 791.741 55.853 727.043 146.613 777.8% 8.2% 10.900 53.084 256.2% 30.664 272.859 392.8% 32.026 182.9% 306 154 147 10 66 51 62 50 2. Water delivery refers to the anticipated increase in the volume of water sold over a 20 year period.9% 21.0% 31.98billion for sewage treatment projects.7% 6. Region Piedmont ATO ATO 2 Name Biellese.500 266.120 173.644 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .676 765.051 937.058 175.393 172.1% 37 34 56 38 32 22 111 38 86 37 64 40 92 195 76 144 131 155 80 27 50 97 82 296.64billion for water projects and a further EUR6.772 281. Spending plans amongst some ATOs Plans for 41 of the ATOs submitted by 2004.3% 30.553 247.350 305.967 771.865 607.5% 0.823 321.700 456.226.154 246.487 570.836 710.

276.000 1. ACEA and Hera.499 177.537 502.381 1.665.429 25.543 292.5% 22.ITALY PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS Region Sicily Sicily Sicily Sicily Sicily Sicily Sicily Sicily Sardinia Total ATO ATO 2 ATO 3 ATO 4 ATO 5 ATO 6 ATO 7 ATO 8 ATO 9 - Name Catania Messina Ragusa Siracusa Enna Agrigento Caltanissetta Trapani Sardinia Capex (EUR 000) 1.000 2025 2.8% 31.196 378.893 Water Delivery 3.362.9% 9.402 410.620.153 484.551 Source: Banca Intesta.581 814.0% 65.863 290. It is of interest to note the central role being played by Iride (via Amga).700 22.988.000 375.440 People Served 1.680.8% Number of Communes 58 108 12 21 20 43 22 24 377 3.669 272. MAJOR CITIES Population Milan Naples Rome Palermo Turin 2010 2. Local Public Services Monitor.2% 17.291 441.967.293. 2001 Acquisition of Atena ATO Company Suez / Amga Amga Hera ASM Brescia So Ri Cal FCC ASCM Como ACEA/Suez Acea Amga VE Camuzzi Meta Modena Italgas SAUR ACEA/Suez Acegas ACEA Spa ACEA/Suez Severn Trent Acegas Amga Mergers and acquisitions amongst the ATOs This is a list of M&A within the ATOs themselves that has been noted by the author. June 2004.000 896.000 875. Based on the 2004 Supervisory Committee on Water Resources report.000 3.805. preparing for a partial float Private sector contracts awarded (Please see the relevant company entry for details) Location Arezzo Asti Bologna Brescia Calabria Caltanissetta Como Florence Frosinone Genoa Latina Massa Modena Naples Perugia Pisa Pavoda & Vicenza Rome Siena/Grosetto Terni Trieste Vercelli Contract 25 year concession award 30 year water and wastewater concession 44% sale of Hera Spa in 2003 25% stake sale of ASM Brescia in 2002 30 year water and sewerage concession 30 year water and sewerage concession 49% stake sale of ASCM in 2000 35 year concession award 30 year water and wastewater concession 49% stake sale of Amga in 1996 30 year water and wastewater concession Water and sewerage concession 22% sale of Meta Modena Spa in 2003 JV for water services 30 year concession award 30 year concession award ATO merger 49% stake sale of ACEA in 1999 25 year concession award 30 year water and wastewater concession 49% stake sale of Acegas.8% 82.000 1.000 3.309 318. It does not include traditional (pre Galli Law) water companies and concessions.893 512.192.040. preparing for a partial float Stake in Arin SpA sold to Italgas in 2000 49% of ACEA floated N/A Corporatised.643 1.547 643.376. Date 2003 2003 2002 Target ATO Frostinone A de Fiora Acque Bidder ACEA ACEA ACEA Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 Frostinone Siena-Grosetto Pisa 133 .000 2.0% 71.000 2.000 Status Corporatised.1% 31.661.981.0% 66.

000 800.044.000 2.000 Latina VE (France) 600.000 122.300.000 A2A A2A (Italy) 900.000 372.000 450.000 0 2.000 0 1.000 134 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .000 Mediterranea delle Gruppo Iride (Italy) 880.000 Sigesa ACEA (Italy) 1.000 ASCM-AGAM Como & Monza (Italy) 372.150.100.000 350.000 ACEA Rome Municipality (Italy) 6. while progress is slowly being made in Catania and Catanzaro.000 752.000 Acque Potabili Gruppo Iride (Italy) 1.000 275.000 Acque Toscane Suez (France) 50.150.700.000 Camuzzi VE (France) 44.000 470.450.000 Iride Acqua Gruppo Iride (Italy) 2.000 2.200.000 CGA VE (France) 345. Projects in Agrigento and Messina have been delayed by legal issues.000 Siemec VE (France) 0 700.169.700.044.000 6.000 600.000 Meta Modena municipality (Italy) 315.000 105. but was awarded to Aque Potabili in 2007.000 people) is being developed and Siracusa was awarded to Iride in 2006.000 878.000 327.044.170.000 2. Private sector company operations (Please see the relevant company entry for details) Company Parent company (country) Population served Water Sewerage Total 6. The Palermo ATO process (320.000 Hera Bologna (Italy) 2.000 296.800.000 50.770.770. Naples (ATO 2 Napoli-Volturno.000 0 600.000 FCC FCC (Spain) 275.000 Acquedotto Nicolay Amga / Iride (Italy) 330.000 6.000 2.000 345.000 0 Acque 1.000 700.000 600.000 275.000 SAP VE (France) 50.000 50.000 Acquedotto Ferrari Gruppo Iride (Italy) 350.000 600.000 people) was suspended in April 2005.000 2.ITALY PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS Date 2003 2005 2003 2007 2003 2003 2003 2003 2003 2004 2004 2004 2003 2006 2004 2007 2004 2006 2006 2006 2008 2008 Target Publiacqua Campania-Gori APS APGA Atena AMAG Asp ATENA Mondaccque Acqu di Savona AMAT Nuove Acque ASA Amga BAS ASM Agea Aspes Multiservizi SAT Meta ASM AGAM Firenze Sarnese Vesuviano Bacchiglione Bacchiglione Vercellese Alessandrino Astigiano Vercellese Cuneese Savonese Imperiese Alto Valdarmo Toscana Costa Genova Bergamo Brescia Ferrera Pesaro Sassuolo Modena Brescia Monza Bidder ACEA ACEA Acegas Acegas Iride (AMGA) Iride (AMGA) Iride (AMGA) Iride (AMGA) Iride (AMGA) Iride (AMGA) Iride (AMGA) Iride (AMGA) Iride (AMGA) Iride ASM Brescia AEM Hera Hera Hera Hera A2A ASCM Source: Envisager Four proposed new ATO concessions were noted during 2005.000 Acegas-APS Trieste Municipality (Italy) 470.000 396.000 Pridesa Acciona (Spain) 1.000 880.000 30.000 0 330.000 Enel Hydro-So Ri Cal VE (France) 6.000 900.169.000 Severn Trent Severn Trent (UK) 600.000 0 50.852.000 Nuove Aqua Suez (France)/Amga (Italy) 296.000 Acque Genova Amga / Iride (Italy) 0 878. There has been a lack of interest in the Trapani (Trapani ATO 7) project but the process was revived in 2006-07.000 44.000 327. 250.

Italy. OECD. France ISPRA (2009) Italian Environmental Data Yearbook. Italy 135 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .ITALY PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS Sources: Giulio Citroni (2007) Public-private partnerships in the Italian reform of water supply and sanitation services. Working Paper 1. Paris. Roma. Florence. Italian Research Centre for European Studies. ISPRA. CIRES. OECD (2002) Environmental Performance Reviews: Italy.

In September 2002 a USD800million plan for piping water to the Dead Sea was unveiled. the actual daily delivery of water is 85L a day. The original 1997-2011 plan was to cover 61 facilities at a total cost of USD5billion. with 36% consuming 54% of the water and accounting for 51% of revenues. In 2008.740 USD5. This figure does not take into account distribution losses and other municipal uses. 1998. WAJ (national) recovered 120% of O&M costs (60% of total costs) and Amman Water recovered 130% of O&M costs (75% of all costs). In 2010. There are 14 activated sludge (secondary) treatment plants in operation. 19% of Jordan‘s water came from non-reusable groundwater yields.77% In 2010. million Urban areas (2010) Urban areas (2025) USD3. The World Bank is assisting Jordan with a plan that aims to pump 2billion 3 m of water per annum from the Red Sea to raise the level of the Dead Sea back to its historic levels of about 395 meters below sea level as opposed to its present level of 410meters. which has caused problems for both Jordan and Israel.4million m of treated effluent was used for irrigation in 2010. while the top 4% of users use 13% of the water and account for 26% of revenues. while there is a wastewater tax equivalent to 3% of each property‘s rental value. Without this. 65% of people were served by the sewerage system.533 78.3m 21% 4% 75% 136 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . with a 2012 3 3 target of 70%.JORDAN PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS JORDAN Economics (2009) GDP per capita GDP per capita (PPP) Agriculture Industry Services Water Resources In the Amman-Zarqa area where some 60% of Jordan‘s population live. Water tariffs were increased by 5% in 1997. In consequence. water supplied for domestic usage is about 115L a day. up from 63% in 2009. million Total 2025.53% 80. The 186 mile pipeline is designed to prevent the continuing shrinkage of the sea. along with four biological filtration plants and seven stabilisation ponds.083 6. Distribution losses were 40% in 2010 Population Total 2010. accounting for 33% of water usage and 23% of revenues. the availability of drinking water is the lowest for an urbanised area in the world. 2002 and 2006. Urban Services % Water % Sewerage % Sewage treated Water Management Jordan‘s revised EUR2.29billion 2002-2011 water sector policy plan‘s 53 projects includes 10 projects worth EUR998million earmarked for PPP. with a 2012 target of 120million m . 116million m of wastewater was treated in 2010. In Jordan. the Dead Sea is expected to dry up by 2050 Freshwater Freshwater withdrawals (2000) Per capita Percentage withdrawn(2000) Domestic (2000) Industrial (2000) Agriculture (2000) 3 94% 67% 30% 177km 3 148m 3 273.840 3% 34% 63% 5. 3 8. Municipal water demand has surpassed the available supply since the mid-1980s and summer rationing was introduced systematically in most provinces since 1988. 60% of customers are low income and low use customers.

March 2009 Al-Momani S S (2011) The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan . Ondeo and Morganti of the USA have been awarded a 25 year BOT for a 3 530. the European Investment Bank USD44million.000. network rehabilitation. The Greater Amman water management project was awarded to Suez in 1999 (Ondeo 75% and Montgomery WatsonArabtech Jardaneh. and a program of meter repair and replacement. Ajloun and Mafraq) has been at the development / bidding stage for some years. with the rest coming from local sources. and delivery of water and wastewater services for the Amman Service Area.000 2025 1. A five plus five year management contract for water services in the Northern Governates (Irbid. Istanbul. Expert Consultation UAE-Dubai 22-24 May 2011 th 137 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . operation.000 Status PSP Private sector contracts awarded (Please see the relevant company entry for details) Location Contract Company Northern Jordan 25 year water treatment BOT Ondeo A water treatment BOT for Northern Jordan Suez‘s Ondeo Degrémont. the Government of Jordan contributing USD17million.000 Ondeo Suez (France) 2. The As-Samra facility will replace an existing waste stabilisation pond treatment system and will provide drinking water to about 2million residents in the Jordanian capital Amman and surrounding towns.000. covering about 1. and Italy USD20million. 25%) and has been supported by a USD55million World Bank loan in March 1999. with the consortium running the plant from 2006-28. reducing unaccounted-for water by at least 25% as well as increasing sales revenues. management.JORDAN PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS PSP of Amman’s water and sewerage management Jordan has adopted a draft law on PSP that came into effect at the end of 1999. Jerash. Private sector company operations (Please see the relevant company entry for details) Company Parent company Population served (country) Water Sewerage Total 2. MAJOR CITIES Population Amman 2010 1. The contract has enjoyed limited success. presentation to the 5 World Water Forum. Water and sewerage facilities are to be upgraded and the sewerage network extended.000m per day water treatment plant in northern Jordan.150.364. The Greater Amman area accounts for 45% of the country's total drinking water consumption. USAID.000 0 Sources: Zoubi K (2009) Cost Recovery in Jordan.State of the Wastewater Management in the Arab Countries Country Report Presented for Arab Water Council (AWC).6million people. The overall project cost is USD136million. Turkey. The project seeks to improve the efficiency of the water distribution system through leakage management. due to institutional conservatism. the US Agency for International Development is providing 60% of the project's USD169million cost. The 51 month contract aims to improve the efficiency.

tariffs had been unchanged for a decade to 2009 and are now slowly being revised. Water and sewerage services ―Impact: A performance report on Kenya‘s water services subsector‖ by the Water Services Regulatory Board in 2010 found that while Nairobi Water estimated that 2.2 out of 3.064 17. The Water Act of 2002 has made a platform for reforming the sector.31) per m from the Kisumu Water and Sewerage Company (Kiwasco). 2015 9.18% 29.1million were directly covered and 0. Under a scheme developed in 2005. while 37% of connections are classified as ‗dormant‘.070 22. they are collaborating with official agencies in Kibera (Nairobi) and Kisumu to improve water supply service for underserved consumers. Revenues in 2008-09 covered 98% of operating costs. 2003 44% 34% 10% 138 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . In Kisumu 200 of the total 1000 small-scale private water providers receive bulk water at concessional rates of USD 0. The Kenya Alliance of Resident Associations in 2007 found that while Nairobi as a whole had 74% access to mains water.40 3 (EUR0.570 28% 20% 52% The Water Act of 2002 created the Ministry of Water and Irrigation (MWI) in 2002 to protect. an association of 500 small-scale water vendors serving approximately 500.2million were served in 2008-09. 1. serving poor settlements. 1% of households have direct water access and 44% of households shared taps. In the informal settlements. harness and develop the country‘s water resources. 18% of the poor enjoyed household access against 86% of the non-poor. In Kisumu the total population now unserved is 200. Maji Bora Kibera. A National Water Resources Management Strategy (NWRMS) was adopted in 2003. have a partnership with the Nairobi Water and Sewerage Company. In 2006-07. Between 40-60% of the population of Nairobi‘s informal settlements lack access to safe drinking water and pay almost 20 times more than well-to-do city residents.000.000 Kibera inhabitants. with unaccounted for water at an average of 49%. which was reorganised into seven regional water boards in 2005 along with a Water Services Regulatory Board which oversees tariffs and reporting. % Water % Sewerage 2008 % Sewage treated Water is a wealth issue Access to safe water supplies by household income. Urban Population 2010 (million) 2025 (million) Urbanisation in 2010 Urbanisation by 2025 In urban agglomerations. Nationally. The vendors will also manage secondary water distribution branches installed by Kiwasco.65% 10% Vendors being brought into the mainstream Water vending is widespread in larger cities.KENYA PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS KENYA Economics (2009) GDP per capita GDP per capita (PPP) GDP in Agriculture GDP in Industry GDP in Services USD770 USD1. The other 56% spent 90-120minutes a day obtaining their water. Matters may start to improve as the Water Services Regulatory Board has been producing annual assessments of the sector since 2008.6million via water kiosks and communal water taps. Urban Services.

16. allows for concession contracts to be awarded. Access to piped water in the region is 29%. it was estimated that 53.000 1.003. However.8% 93.6m 30% 6% 64% The National Water Conservation and Pipelines Company (NWCPC) were set up in 1988 to operate systems that could be run on a cost recovery basis. W.000 3. the NWCPC has since accumulated debts of KSH1billion and is unable to service its interest charges. political opposition to the presence of foreign companies has even resulted in aid funding being withdrawn.795. Society for International Development.KENYA PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS Poorest 20% Second 20% Middle 20% Fourth 20% Richest 20% And a waste of time 28. The World Bank‘s Public-Private Infrastructure Advisory Facility carried out a series of studies and seminars between 2000 and 2003 for preparing for PSP for water and sanitation in Nairobi. At the local level.1km 3 35m 3 0. It never fully entered into service.2% per cent of households in Kenya walk for less than 15 minutes each day to fetch water. Even in urban areas. Pulling apart: facts and figures on inequality in Kenya. Eastern Africa PriceWaterhouseCoopers (2003): Building Kenya Together.1million people living in Mombasa would include the whole of Mombasa and the coastal region. Operator Ministry of Water NWCPC Nine municipalities Nairobi municipality A partial PSP VE and its local partner Saureca Space gained a management contract in 1999 for water services in Nairobi.0% 37. The 2002 Water Act.246. 15 May 2003 139 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 3 Systems 630 40 N/A N/A Connections 280. It also authorises the setting up of a national regulator and appeals systems.18m 2010 1. which has a number of separate urban areas.000 6.2% of the population have to spend more than this time carrying water.000 Status - .523. along with 10% for sewerage. A PSP contract for the 2. Conference on Private Sector th Participation in Kenya‘s Infrastructure. Kisumu and Mombasa and for training the Water Services Regulatory Board. Nairobi. involving improving basic services and reducing distribution losses.000 230. Freshwater Freshwater withdrawals (2000) Per capita Percentage withdrawn (2000) Domestic (2000) Industrial (2000) Agriculture (2000) 3 1.58km 3 46m 3 7.000 2025 1.6% 63.000 160. Groundwater Annual availability (1998) Per capita Annual withdrawal (1992) MAJOR CITIES Population Mombasa Nairobi Sources: Odhiambo.7% In 2004. (2004).000 70. Kenya.7% 50.

1 of 1. USA. Water Services Regulatory Board WSRB (2009) Impact: A performance report on Kenya‘s water services subsector. Water Services Regulatory Board 140 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .KENYA PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS World Bank (2004).. World Bank African Development Bank / OECD (2007) African Economic Outlook WSRB (2008) Impact: A performance report on Kenya‘s water services subsector. Washington D. Water Services Regulatory Board WSRB (2010) Impact: A performance report on Kenya‘s water services subsector. Vol. Kenya: towards a water-secure Kenya: water resources sector memorandum.C.

entering service in 2007.010 3. the Government had sold shares in 25 local companies worth about USD3 billion. By 1998.000 US gallons to residents.000 2025 Comments 2.64% 0.44km 3 164m 45% 2% 52% 126. The original Az-Zour facility (80million m per annum) was 3 extended to provide a further 50million m per annum in 2002 at a cost of $250million.80 per 1.000 US gallons to industry.692m per day facility is to be built 3 at Az-Zour North for completion in 2013. The original plant was built in the 1980s for $230million.956. supplying 83million m per annum of water to the industrial area and existing water distribution complexes. Further needs for 3 increases in capacity have been identified for 2012-13 and a 463. With a tariff of 3 USD0.30 per 1. with projected revenues of USD2billion over the contract‘s life.001 3.933 98. it is anticipated that the facility will save the country USD3billion during the life of the 141 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .47 per m .40 per 1. In 1999.00 per 1. Water is sold at USD2. following delays over assessing the three shortlisted bids.305. When built it was the world‘s largest membrane-based water reclamation facility.000 gallons) and USD0. Groundwater Annual withdrawal (1994) Domestic (1987) Industrial (1987) Agriculture (1987) MAJOR CITIES City Kuwait City 3 USD24. with the sale of shares to be handled by the Kuwait Investment Authority.KUWAIT PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS KUWAIT Economics (2005) GDP per capita GDP per capita (PPP) Population and water All Kuwaitis in effect live in five urban areas. Freshwater Freshwater withdrawals (2000) Per capita Domestic (2000) Industrial (2000) Agriculture (2000) PSP The Employment Law for the PSP of various non-oil state enterprises and utilities was enacted in 1994. Virtually all of Kuwait's water comes from government constructed seawater desalination plants. Urban Population 2010 (million) 2025 (million) Urbanisation in 2010 Urbanisation by 2025 Drinking water The Government is upgrading and expanding its desalination facilities.5 0% 0% 100% 2010 2.000 Wastewater PSP Private sector participation A USD390million BOT wastewater treatment plant contract at Sulaibaya was awarded to the UU and Bechtel led consortium in 2001.000 US gallons to tanker companies who sell it on at USD3. (or USD1.34% 98. which in 2010 produced 3 1. Kuwait's Ministry of Electricity and Water awarded the construction contract for a USD500million desalination plant for the Sabiya New City 3 development.51million m of water a day which is hoped to increase by a further 10% in 2011.000m of wastewater per day.040 USD24. The facility 3 treats 375. Kuwait has adopted the World Bank‘s proposals for privatising the Ministry of Electricity and Water. Water services are currently earmarked for PSP in the medium term.

900. Co Al-Kahari (Kuwait) 0 1. Global Water Intelligence (2002). 3/8 p9.000 Utilities D.000m of wastewater per day in the future if needed.000 Source: Sulaibaya achieves financial close. Private sector contracts awarded (Please see the relevant company entry for details) Location Contract Company Sulaibaya 30 year sewage treatment BOT Utilities Development Co Private sector company operations (Please see the relevant company entry for details) Company Parent company (country) Population served Water Sewerage Total 1.900. 142 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .KUWAIT PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS 3 concession. There is an option to extend the facility to handle 600.

60% of losses are in Riga. The proportion of wastewater that is treated to EU compliant standards has increased from 4446% in 1991 & 1992. National policy objectives % of population with compliant water % of population with compliant wastewater 3 Water consumption per capita (m pa) 3 Surface water abstraction (million m pa) 3 Ground water abstraction (million m pa) % of water bodies . PSP prospects In 1996. 54% in Liepaja and more than 80% in other cities and towns are served by mains water. sewerage and wastewater projects between 1995 and 2008. Latvia Ministry of Environment (2009) Environmental Policy Strategy 2009-2015.000 Status - 143 .good or high quality Sewerage and sewage treatment The ‗800+‘ programme began in Latvia in 1995. and 139L in Liepaja. 70% of urban wastewater was treated: 33% to tertiary. While there continue to be problems with drinking water quality in smaller towns. and rich flora and fauna.000 2015 761. As with Estonia and Lithuania. In smaller towns. to 81% by 2000. 26% to secondary and 2% to primary. Water quality is considered to be quite good in 80% of Latvian rivers. there has been a significant improvement in Riga. LVL386million was invested in water. with a significant improvement noted since 1998. Total losses in water supply systems were estimated at 12% of water abstraction in 2000.LATVIA PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS LATVIA Water resources and distribution More than 90% of the population in Riga. Latvia Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 2000 761. In 1995. 2002-07 2002 53% 2% 27% 18% 2007 29% 6% 2% 25% 38% 2008 actual 11% 46% 85 104 108 38% 2015 target 66% 62% 80 99 103 88% Unconnected Untreated Primary Secondary Tertiary Inland water quality Latvian rivers have moderate levels of organic pollution and nutrients. through the refurbishment and construction of 800 sewage treatment works by 2010. some 66% in total. 38% of urban wastewater was treated to tertiary standard. In 2005. the EBRD provided EUR18million out of a EUR97million loan package for the upgrading and expansion of water and sewage treatment works serving Riga. 35% to secondary and 2% to primary standard. the EBRD‘s financing was arranged as a USD90million loan portfolio for supporting projects to be carried out by Suez‘s Degrémont. aiming to improve water supply and wastewater treatment in small towns and rural areas. By 2003. quite high concentrations of oxygen. 223L in Daugavpils. Riga. the daily water supply per capita in the cities of Latvia was as follows: 339L in Riga. 331L in Ventspils. Riga. MAJOR CITIES Population Riga Sources: Latvian Environment Agency (2002) Environmental Indicators in Latvia 2002. half of the level seen in the mid 1990s. the figure is typically 50%. Urban sewerage and wastewater treatment.

231 87. Overall. although internal resources are only 2.38km 3 385m 3 28. By 1996. but in 1998. A further USD1. it was estimated that 60-70% of the country‘s water distribution capacity needed to be rehabilitated. while in 2001. USD1. 70% of Lebanon's fresh water sources were found to be subject to bacteriological pollution. pricing policy is to reflect investment costs.0billion on inland facilities and USD1.48billion m in 1998 and is forecast to rise to 2. million Total 2025. Prior to the civil war. The Lebanon has received USD 600million in donor funding for rehabilitating water services.THE LEBANON PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS THE LEBANON Economics (2009) GDP per capita GDP per capita (PPP) Agriculture Industry Services The civil war’s legacy lingers on The civil war effectively obliterated the Lebanon‘s water and sewerage treatment facilities. The Government's proposed 3 financing of the construction of a USD200-220million 260.000m per day. 144 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 3 1.4billion m pa along with 200million m pa of ground water. The World Bank has supported this project and seven consortia had pre-qualified at the time of the postponement in 2002.24% 89. USD750million needs to be spent on coastal sewage treatment plants. Domestic consumption of water in the country as a whole was 60L per capita per day in 1997. Secondary treatment plants are planned for inland areas where the effluent from these plants will be used for specific agricultural uses. The Lebanon has a nominal water treatment capacity of 3 385. 80% of drinking water was not subject to treatment. The regional authorities are to install water meters to house connections and to develop pricing policies that reflect individual household usage rather than fixed per day water supply.712 4. compared with 150L per capita per day in Beirut. all sewage effluents were discharged untreated.230 5% 18% 78% 3. Longer term. Much of the water supply is only chlorinated or not treated at all where it is withdrawn from ground water.6 hours per day in the summer and 13 hours per day during the rest of the year. Distribution losses are in the region of 50%.84billion m in 2015 3 3 3 and 4billion m by 2025. million Urban areas (2010) Urban areas (2025) USD7. 95% of the country was covered by basic water services. In addition. Water demand was 1.000million for water treatment and distribution has been identified. Urban Population Total 2010. equivalent to 70% of the minimum daily requirement. For household use.000m per day water treatment plant and pipeline for Beirut through a 28 year concession have been delayed due to political concerns.8m 33% 1% 67% . In 1998. water provision is for 3 hours a day during the summer and 13 hours per day during the rest of the year. Freshwater Freshwater withdrawals (2000) Per capita Percentage withdrawn (2000) Domestic (2000) Industrial (2000) Agriculture (2000) Capital spending plans Since 1996.35% In Beirut.152billion on sewerage networks. water provision is for 7.970 USD13. Some industrial facilities (and hospitals) have water meters installed. A number of primary treatment facilities with sea outfalls are being developed for the coastal zone with the short term aim of all wastewater to be subject to primary treatment. the current pricing policies have one unified price per cubic metre per day for all household connections within a given water authority's jurisdiction. mainly due to household effluents and industrial 3 3 pollution.

937.000 2025 2. The contract was financed by a USD21million soft loan from France‘s Agence Française de Développement. provided for Ondeo to repair and expand WWTPs and water supply networks. In 2004. Suez Ondeo was appointed to manage water and wastewater systems in the city of Tripoli for four years from 2003. USAID aims to encourage private sector investment in its programme. MAJOR CITIES Population Bayrut (Beirut) 2010 1.000 Status N/A 145 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . the Government announced plans to "transfer the full cost of providing water supply and sewage disposal services from the state to consumers through an equitable tariff and collection system" but only Sidon Water Authority has domestic water meters that charge on a volumetric basis.THE LEBANON PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS A reformed water management system The 22 water authorities have been rationalised into four and they are in turn expected to develop regional integrated land and water management.135.

9 Total Water supply 18.7 29. Urban Services. along with hydropower generation to enable Lesotho to replace electricity imports with locally produced energy. the World Bank (USD69million). However.24% 89. water exports from the project have become Lesotho‘s largest export earner. 1986. While there is no water service element per se.LESOTHO PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS LESOTHO The Lesotho Highland Water Project Lesotho is a small country of some 2million people.5 1. million Total 2025. The cost of phase 1A amounted to EUR1. storing the water and redirecting it northwards to the Vaal River. The project therefore merits attention because it demonstrates the economic power of water. Both failed because agreement could not be reached between the two Governments on payment for water exports. 56% of the cost savings will go to Lesotho in terms of a royalty payable for the sale of water to South Africa. which in 3 1979 and 1983 recommended a 70m per second water transfer scheme.2 9. In 2002. The LHWP exploits this by arresting the southern flow.5billion and attracted external funding from European export credit agencies (USD380million). and turns it north towards Johannesburg and Gauteng Province. Economics (2009) GDP per capita GDP per capita (PPP) Agriculture Industry Services Water rich and water poor Water is arguably the only abundant natural resource in Lesotho. there is a levy paid by water customers in Gauteng to 3 finance the project. the EU Commission (EUR50million) and the European Investment Bank (EUR23.887 87. The Highland Water Project described below is the world‘s largest water catchment and transportation infrastructure project to date.1billion and has a similar funding pattern with EUR99million being made available by the European Investment Bank. which has a population of more than 10million. On 1 October 1990. the levy was set at seven cents per m of water and was 146 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .230 5% 18% 78% 0. a new feasibility study was launched in the 1970s.970 USD13. The dams trap water that normally runs into Lesotho‘s Orange River which is discharged into the Atlantic Ocean.6 Phase 1A and 1B of the LHWP has resulted in savings to South African water users estimated at USD30million per year. The aggregate benefits (savings) to both South Africa and Lesotho amassed from the LHWP have a net value of about USD1billion for Phases 1A and 1B. In addition to the royalty payable to Lesotho. an agreement was signed between Lesotho and South Africa to proceed with 3 the Lesotho Highlands Water Project (‗LHWP‘) for the transfer of water from Lesotho. surrounded by the Republic of South Africa. % Water % Sewerage 2004 % Sewage treated LHWP – Phases 1A and 1B m /second Year Commissioned Katse 1998 Mohale 2003 Matsoku 2003 3 59% 6% 5% Phase 1A 1B 1B Supply Type Dam & tunnels Dam & tunnels Weir & runnels Incremental Water supply 18. About 115m per second of water flows out of Lesotho via the Sengu River.35% On October 24. South Africa‘s need for reliable long term water supplies resulted in two water export feasibility studies in Lesotho's Highlands in the 1950s and 60s. Urban Population Total 2010. the cost of Phase 1B was estimated at EUR1. to supply the state of Gauteng.5million). Of this sum.560 0. million Urban areas (2010) Urban areas (2025) USD7.2 27.

In September 2002. Freshwater Freshwater withdrawals (2000) Per capita Percentage withdrawn (2000) Domestic (2000) Industrial (2000) Agriculture (2000) The fluid politics of water Times and politics change. delivering a total of 82m per second. By the end of 3 2002.1million m in the year to 31 March 2001 to 593. This in turn will exacerbate the country‘s dependence on food imports. The company had paid USD278. Sources external to the project have pointed out that the project involves the loss of 11. affecting 20. From 1 October 1996. An internal investigation by the World Bank in 2003 found that there was insufficient evidence to punish Acres.278million m . the levy was ZAR0.4% of the Government of Lesotho‘s budget.000 hectares of grazing or arable land. 3 3 0. 18m per second of water was being delivered to South Africa from the Katse Dam. Water transferred 3 3 increased from 574. In 1998.3808 3 per m . transfer tunnels. compared with a yield of 574million m per annum at the end of phase 1A. the Lesotho High Court found Canadian engineering firm Acres International (Acres) guilty of paying bribes for contracts on the project. through its local agent. generating royalties of ZAR863million. Acres maintain that it was unaware that some of its money that was being used on the project was being secretly paid in to Sole's Swiss bank accounts. four further dams will be linked to 3 the scheme. the total volume of water delivered was 2.5million m per 3 annum.LESOTHO 3 PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS increased to ten cents per m from 1 October 1991. Masupha Sole. At the project‘s inception.000 to Masupha Sole. The levy is to remain at this level for fifteen years. projections by Rand Water indicate that the second phase (the Mohale Dam) could be delayed by some years with a 10% decrease in water consumption. In May 2002. The water royalty in 2002-03 contributed 6. who are mostly subsistence farmers. He had been convicted on 13 counts of bribery and fraud for taking bribes of about USD2million over a period of nine years from international consultants and contractors. For example. By 2020. it was regarded as a mechanism for ensuring resource stability in the region. compensation and rural development costs were estimated in 1989 by the authorities linked with the project at USD39million. or up to 17 years with a 40% decrease in water consumption. The project period runs from 1990 to 2017.2million m in 2002. After the democratic transition in 1994. This area accounts for more than 40% of South Africa's urban population by the year 2000 and over half of its industry. delivery tunnels and pumping stations.000 Basotho people. the project was seen as a means of getting water to the arid townships of the region. the former chief executive of the Lesotho Highlands Development Authority was sentenced to a total of 18 years in prison. the full yield of the system was 933. The water transfer project is based upon a series of 3 reservoirs. Longer term considerations Some authorities on water conservation now believe that South Africa ought to concentrate on conservation as a means of postponing the further development of the project. Some problems There are a number of costs associated with the project.05km 3 28m 3 1m 40% 40% 20% 147 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . It is unclear if the aspirations of people living in these townships have been fully factored in for those assumptions. or 4% of the total project‘s cost. When Phase 1B was completed in March 2004. Total environmental.

000 3 3 USD11. providing water to 78% of the population and sewerage to 71% (due to weak coverage in rural areas).418 2000 485 435 1. equivalent to 1. although it is understood that disbursement has been running behind schedule due to slow project 3 implementation.00% The 60 municipalities operate 73 water and waste management entities.480 2003 714 550 2.2million 3 3 m per day.410 USD16. economic restructuring. 90% being for rural areas. 2015 Water pollution taxes LTL per tonne BOD Nitrogen (N) Phosphorus (P) 1997 417 417 1. with an average capacity of about 100m per day. Lithuania aims to have 95% water and sewerage coverage by 2015. water distribution losses are being 3 targeted. against 340million m in 1991.20) per m in 2009.053million m compared with 4. The recycling of wastewater has only been used in the town of Akmene. In addition.LITHUANIA PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS LITHUANIA Economics (2009) GDP per capita GDP per capita (PPP) GDP in Agriculture GDP in Industry GDP in Services Water usage In 2001. as they accounted for 23% of groundwater abstractions in 2001. and the introduction of taxes for water and effluent discharges. Urban Data Served by piped water Access to sewerage With sewage treatment Sewerage and river water quality There are more than 700 sewage treatment works in Lithuania with a total capacity of about 1.98% 69. In 3 3 2001.0085 66. Wastewater discharge has fallen from 252million m in 1997 to 168million 3 m by 2002. 60. surface water extraction was 4.181 2.000m per day) is utilised in the cement factory.740 4% 31% 64% 2.510million m in 1991. Urban Population 2010 (million) 2025 (million) Urbanisation in 2010 Urbanisation by 2025 In urban agglomerations. where all the treated wastewater 3 (10. 6million m pa of distribution losses were eliminated between 1999 and 2001. 157million m came from groundwater resources.4% of the population was connected to the 3 sewerage system in 2002.6% of household income. EUR543million in EU funding has been allocated for water and wastewater projects in 2007-13. Sewage treatment Unconnected Untreated Primary Secondary Tertiary 2002 29% 11% 33% 6% 18% 2005 30% 1% 11% 22% 36% 2009 28% 0% 4% 14% 53% 100% 91% 58% 148 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .14 (EUR1. The average water tariff was LTL4.87% 0. The decline in consumption during recent years is related to the decline of industry.

and the Pagiriai water fields. After being considered in 2004. The water provision services for Vilnius are under consideration for developing a concession contract. Tertiary wastewater treatment plants will be built in forty-seven Lithuanian cities and towns. MoE.000 people and was constructed by Degrémont (Suez). Freshwater Freshwater withdrawals (2003) Per capita Percentage withdrawn (2000) Domestic (2000) Industrial (2000) Agriculture (2000) Water resources 87% of Lithuania's water resources have levels of iron and manganese that exceed permissible rates. Lithuania believes that it has complied with the applicable EU water related directives as part of its accession programme.7m 78% 15% 7% 1. the EBRD provided EUR11million out of a loan package of EUR67million for the construction of a water treatment plant at Kaunas. Kedainiai. Lithuania KVK (2010) Watersector Lithuania: Background Note. Amsterdam. on top of the tertiary treatment plants already serving eighteen cities and towns. 209million m pa. serving Vilnius. Sources: Ministry of Environment (2002) State of Environment 2001. it is understood that PSP is back on the table. or about 83% of wastewater generated will be treated to secondary or tertiary standard. especially for the post 2013 period. the Netherlands 3 3 3. water quality in rivers and lakes has somewhat improved. KVK. as appropriate. but the percentage is expected to increase with the building of new purification stations in Vilnius.33km 3 971m 3 1. or 53% of effluent generation. Vilnius. The plant provides water for 700.LITHUANIA PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS With the reduction of pollution loads as a consequence of the taxation regime and upgrades to some sewage treatment facilities. On 3 completion. River water quality (1995) % Good Fair-Poor Bad 43% 48% 9% With the exception of the Urban Wastewater Treatment directive (to be met by 2010). Some LTL315million (USD80million) is needed for the construction of water purification facilities in Lithuania.20km 332m 149 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . Groundwater Annual availability (1998) Per capita PSP prospects In 1995. Tertiary treatment is being used in current construction and upgrading projects with a total capacity of 3 about 110million m per year. This iron is purified from 28% of the supplied water. Anyksciai.

MALAWI PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS MALAWI Economics (2009) GDP per capita GDP per capita (PPP) Agriculture Industry Services USD280 USD760 36% 21% 44% Access to clean water improved from 48% in 1994 to 56% in 1999.784. access to improved water was 95% in urban areas.102 6. Freshwater Freshwater withdrawals (2000) Per capita Percentage withdrawn (2000) Domestic (2000) Industrial (2000) Agriculture (2000) 3 1. and 66% in 2005. Lilongwe and the Northern.000 1. million Total 2025. it was announced that Malawi would be allocated USD336. Caribbean and Pacific countries-European Union (ACP-EU) Water Facility. million Urban areas (2010) Urban areas (2025) 3.2million to finance water projects under the African.766.000 865. although WaterAid believes that improved water services only reach 43% of the population. Urban Population Total 2010.Limbe Lilongwe Source: African Development Bank / OECD (2007) African Economic Outlook 2010 856. The Water Supply Authority is one of the 100 state enterprises that Malawi has identified for PSP. parastatal water boards for Blantyre. 1% of urban households had mains sewerage.000 2025 1. Central and Southern regions. Malawi's four-year old PSP programme is being carried out under the terms of the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF). The Government aims for all households to be within 500metres of an improved water supply by 2011.77% 28. In 2008.01km 3 78m 3 6. along with outstanding client accounts and weak debt collection systems. Urban Services % Water % Sewerage % Sewage treated 26% 1% 0% The World Bank‘s Public-Private Infrastructure Advisory Facility funded a study on options for private involvement in the water sector in 2000 and recommended that lease contracts should be considered. Water and sewerage services are provided by five government-owned. MAJOR CITIES Population Blantyre .000 Status N/A N/A 150 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . against 95% for urban and 75% of rural dwellers in 2008. including 26% with piped water. An official admitted that there was some resistance to the PSP of the water utility because of fears of price rises and job losses.689 19.84% Attempts to commercialise its water utility have been hampered by the debt burden the company carries. the Government has set up "training projects for retrenched workers".3m 15% 5% 80% In December 2004. All five water boards are loss making and have been generally characterised by weak governance and political interference. To compensate for the latter.

By 2000. while 2% had direct access to sewerage.1 8.4 62% 95% 70% 30% 80% 40% In 2005.190 37% 24% 39% The water code adopted in 2002 sets out the procedures for managing and protecting resources by defining the rights and obligations of the state. 17% with water piped to the inside of the unit and 8% with water available outside. is shared amongst the DNH. or a 30% coverage in urban areas and a 2% coverage in rural areas.4% in 2001 to 8. the Ministry of the Environment and the Ministry of Health.3% of all households were connected to flush lavatories.000 people had formal water systems.4 6. access to household connections increased from 6.777 8. Nationally.000 urban housing units had direct access to piped water.9 5. million Total 2025.4 4. covering 52% of the population.9m 9% 1% 90% 151 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . Energy and Water (MMEE).8 4. Freshwater Freshwater withdrawals (2000) Per capita Percentage withdrawn (2000) Domestic (2000) Industrial (2000) Agriculture (2000) 3 6.53% In 1987.2 2.55km 3 484m 3 10. It recommends the establishment of public water-service development funds and sets up a national council. 46% of the urban population was considered as having suitable access to potable water in 1996 (against 41% in 1991) and 58% as having access to adequate sanitation.0 6.3 1. In the capital Bamako. 26% of households were connected to piped water in 1993. 1. and water-basin councils.6 1.6% in 2005. The city had no sewage treatment. Urban Population Total 2010. Overall.7 2. In 1987.86% 47. Urban Services % Water % Sewerage % Sewage treated 26% 8% 0% An assessment drawn up in 2004 paints a more pessimistic picture: Water and sanitation coverage (million people) Population 1990 Rural Urban Total 2004 Rural Urban Total 6.5 1.0 Water Coverage % covered 3.8 8.842 35.8 2. and the EDS III survey in 2001 identified just 10% of households as having improved sanitation facilities.2 2. The water sector is placed under the responsibility of the Ministry of Mines. million Urban areas (2010) Urban areas (2025) 4. 25% of Mali‘s 283.7 52% 65% 55% 60% 65% 61% Sanitation Coverage % covered 4. Data for sanitation is meagre. 27 of the 34 towns with more than 10. regional and local councils. local authorities and users.2 11.MALI PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS MALI Economics (2009) GDP per capita GDP per capita (PPP) Agriculture Industry Services USD680 USD1. urban coverage was estimated to be 70%. while responsibility for sanitation.

However. The Government is currently developing a water and sewerage project management agency.971. USD180million is needed for water supplies and USD70million for sanitation services for Mali to meet the urban Millennium Development Goals.000 2025 2.000 Status N/A Traditionally. Montréal. cost recovery remains a problem. the Plan National d'Accès à l'Eau (PNAE. as sanitation is informal. A further USD260million will be needed for rural water and sanitation services. it is family funded. The water activities of EDM were awarded to SAUR under a 20 year concession contract in 2000.Mali Agency for Water Supply and Sanitation) for overseeing local and municipal projects. Other projects include mini-sewerage systems in Djenné and Timbuktu.000 people 20L per day 2. the Agence Malienne pour l'Eau Potable et l'Assainissement (AMEPA . Canada African Development Bank / OECD (2007) African Economic Outlook 152 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .000 – 10. The contract was ended in 2005. Government funds for mini-sewerage systems through the Office Malien de l‘Habitat have provided CFA 139million for mini-sewerage systems serving Bankoni and Baco Djicoroni.000 people 31L per day 5.000 – 5. with the support of the African Development Bank. Although the original concession projected a period of price stability. According to France‘s Hydroconseil. which stands at just 20%. ISW.699.000 people 31L per day 10.000 + people 45L per day In the 16 certain largest towns water is provided by Energie du Mali (EDM).MALI PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS MAJOR CITIES Population Bamako 2010 1. Mali. the Government has unilaterally passed two price cuts during the concession period. along with a Water access initiative. Sources: International Secretariat for Water (2005) Blue Book. Average water consumption in 2000 Less than 2. In 2003. National Plan for Access to Water) was launched.

200 small villages and 1.0 500 – 600 Secondary 4.9billion m pa by 2020.450 20% 27% 53% 18.000 water pumps and developing 1.200 There were 62 wastewater treatment works in operation in 2010. Urban sewage treatment in 2010 Not connected Untreated Primary 20% 55% 5% 153 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .000 localities through the rehabilitation of 30. 63% of urban households had piped water. In 2005 it was decided to aim for 80% sewerage coverage in urban areas by 2020.24% 66. Urban Data (2010) Served by piped water Access to sewerage With sewage treatment USD2. and 43% as good. 40 secondary and 16 tertiary WWTWs. along with treating at least 60% of wastewater. Urban Population 2010 (million) 2025 (million) Urbanisation in 2010 Urbanisation by 2025 Service coverage In 1985. compared with 2% of rural households. Wastewater capital and operating spending assumptions Opex (DH/m3) Capex (DH/Capita) Primary (lagoons) 1. The Moroccan Government 3 is seeking to mobilise an additional 6. This has been augmented with regional and city based plans for the larger urban areas.859 25.000 water storage units.520 larger villages.65% 88% 80% 25% River water quality is seen as problematic due to the high degree of untreated wastewater.MOROCCO PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS MOROCCO Economics (2009) GDP per capita GDP per capita (PPP) GDP in Agriculture GDP in Industry GDP in Services Management A national plan for water and water resource management was adopted in 1995. 91% of these people had access to safe water in 2010. while 18% are acceptable. The aim is to have 135 in operation by 2015. with an emphasis on developing lagoon facilities. installing or renovating 20. all treated to secondary or tertiary standard. At the same time. PAGER. 3% of inland waterways are classified as excellent (2010).2billion m of water pa on top of the current withdrawal of 3 13.7billion m pa in 2010 to a forecast 16. including 6 primary.0 800 Tertiary 5. 40% had access to safe sanitation with 3% having household sewerage. Connection to piped water in urban areas was planned to rise to 90% in 2000 and to 98% by 2020. a rural water provision programme. 18% poor and 23% bad.2billion m in 2030 against potential surface water 3 3 resources of 18billion m pa and groundwater of 4billion m pa. including 40% with household connections. Rural water coverage increased to 14% by 1994 and 55% in 2003.790 USD4. In 1997.5 – 2. with the Souss water table seen as falling by 24 metres between 1967 and 2006 and the Saiss water table falling by 64 metres during the same time.235 58.0 1. water resources are under pressure with demand rising 3 3 from 13. There are 13million people living in 3. was launched in 31. 45% of all treated wastewater is used in irrigation projects.300 local water sources. Investments for sewerage and wastewater treatment 2000-15 will be approximately DH15billion.

MOROCCO

PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS

Urban sewage treatment in 2010 Secondary Tertiary Pricing policies

12% 8%

Tariffs are set to rise from an average of DH 2.0 per m in 2005 to DH3.5 per m by 2020. Freshwater Freshwater withdrawals (2000) Per capita Percentage withdrawn(2000) Domestic (2000) Industrial (2000) Agriculture (2000) PSP proposals and progress Since the enactment of the 1995 National Water Plan, Morocco has sought to outsource most of its major urban utility services and has been notably keen to attract international management and finance. To date, 38% of the urban water and sewerage sector has been outsourced. Groundwater Annual availability (1998) Per capita Annual withdrawal (1985) Casablanca and Rabat In 1997, Lyonnaise des Eaux de Casablanca (Lydec) was awarded the 30 year Urban Community of Casablanca (UCC) concession contract. This was part of the overall PSP of Casablanca‘s urban services, which is described in the Lydec entry. The water contract is worth MAD5billion (USD517million), for the expansion and upgrading of water distribution and treatment. The wastewater contract is worth MAD16billion (USD1.6billion). It involves the construction of three WWTWs, including recovery systems and the creation and extension of the sewerage network in development zones of western Casablanca. By the end of 2010, investments of MAD3,446million had been made on wastewater and sewerage and MAD2,344million on water services. By 2004, 25million 3 m pa of water losses had been addressed, equivalent to 800,000 people‘s need. Service development Water connections Unaccounted for water Application of cross subsidies Block tariffs, 2005 st 1 section nd 2 section rd 3 section th 4 section
3 3

3

3

12.60km 3 400m 3 43.4m 10% 3% 87%

7.5km³ 3 268m 3.0km³

1997 440,000 38.9%

2002 590,000 27.7%

2009 970,000 3

Consumption Per month 3 0 – 8m 3 9 – 20m 3 21 – 40m 3 > 40m
3

Tariff Mdh/m

2.92 9.69 13.20 13.25

Most of the water (649million m out of 814million m in 1999) is bought from ONEP, the National 3 Drinking Water Administration, for 3.95Mdh/m meaning that water for essential use is directly subsidised by LYDEC. In 2009, 58% of clients paid a maximum of MAD43 per month. LYDEC is obliged to make 45,000 low income connections every five years and connected 35,000 in 2006-10 as part of a plan to connect 85,000 by 2015. 14% of LYDEC‘s equity was sold on the Casablanca Bourse on 18 July 2005, 80% of the shares being bought by local investors. Suez continues to hold 51% of LYDEC, with the remaining 35% being held by Moroccan institutions. The PSP of Rabat utility services was awarded to Electricidade de Portugal and Pleiade (Portugal), Alborada (Morocco) and Urbaser (Dragados), with a 30 year concession. Rabat‘s utilities serve 1.7million people, with a EUR138million (USD130million) turnover for water, sewerage and electricity services in 1998. In 2002, Dragados sold its stake to Veolia Environnement.
154 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012

MOROCCO

PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS

MAJOR CITIES City Casablanca dar-el-beida Agadir Tangier Rabat Fes Marrakech

2000 3,284,000 783,000 788,000 1,802,000 1,065,000 928,000

2015 4,065,000 1,020,000 1,030,000 2,288,000 1,371,000 1,198,000

Status Water and sewerage services PSP Water and sewerage services PSP Water and sewerage services PSP PSP plans postponed No plans announced

Private sector contracts awarded (Please see the relevant company entry for details) Location Contract Company Casablanca Water and sewerage services Lydec Casablanca Bulk water provision concession Lydec Rabat Water and sewerage services VE Tetouan & Tangier 25 year water and sewerage concession VE Private sector company operations (Please see the relevant company entry for details) Company Parent company (country) Population served Water Sewerage Total Lydec Suez (France) 3,800,000 1,300,000 3,800,000 VE VE (France) 2,900,000 2,200,000 2,900,000 Sources: Djerrari, F (2003) Best practice in urban water resource management: Contribution of LYDEC in th Casablanca, World Bank Water Week, Washington DC, USA, 4-6 March 2003 De Cazalet, B (2004) The role of Private Sector Participation in developing the water sector in the Mediterranean Region: The example of Casablanca, FEMIP Expert Committee, Amsterdam 25-26 October 2004 Bourziza Ms & Makhokh M (2011) Country report for the Expert Consultation on Wastewater Management – Morocco. Country Report Presented for Arab Water Council (AWC), Expert Consultation UAE-Dubai 22-24 May 2011

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MOZAMBIQUE

PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS

MOZAMBIQUE Economics (2009) GDP per capita GDP per capita (PPP) GDP in Agriculture GDP in Industry GDP in Services The National Water Plan Mozambique unveiled a National Water Development Plan in 1995. The Plan is based on reviving Mozambique‘s water provision infrastructure in the wake of the country‘s civil war – access to improved water supplies having decreased from 48% in 1980 to 35% by 1995. The Plan states: to permit services to be financially viable, the price of water has to reflect its economic value, eventually covering the cost of supply; water resources management will be decentralised to autonomous catchment authorities and water supply and sanitation services are to be decentralised to autonomous and financially self-sufficient local agencies. By 2008, urban areas had 77% access to improved water, including 20% with household connections, against 29% in rural areas (1% with household connections), with 5% of urban households being connected to the sewerage network. Urban Population 2010 (million) 2025 (million) Urbanisation in 2010 Urbanisation by 2025 The role of the state The Water Law of 1991 defines the institutional and legal framework for licensing and allocation of water concessions. Under this law, the National Water Council (CAN) provides inter-sector coordination and strategic decision making. Infrastructure development for the extension of coverage service and the corresponding investments will remain the responsibility of the state for the foreseeable future. On the other hand, management or operation of the water supply systems will, in principle, be carried out in a financially viable way and will be independent of the civil service. Urban Data Served by piped water Access to sewerage With sewage treatment Urban water and sanitation According to the Public Works and Housing Ministry in 2003, Mozambique needs more than USD1billion to meet the millennium target of reducing by half the people deprived of clean drinking water and basic sanitation by 2015. In 2006, the World Bank‘s WSP estimated that USD90million pa was needed for water and USD20million pa for sanitation between 2006 and 2015 to meet the MDG targets. Other studies noted by the World Bank point to USD3.9-5.0billion being needed by 2020 in order to reduce the country‘s vulnerability to drought and flooding. The National Statistics Institute found in 2001 that 37% of the population has access to piped water or a protected well and 50% had access to basic sanitation facilities. Of the total urban population, 35% have access to safe water supplies. In 1980 the coverage was estimated to be about 48%. Freshwater Freshwater withdrawals (2000) Per capita Percentage withdrawn (2000) Domestic (2000) Industrial (2000) Agriculture (2000)
3

USD440 USD880 29% 24% 47%

8.996 15.612 38.43% 50.06%

20% 5% 0%

0.63km 3 32m 3 0.6m 11% 2% 87%
156 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012

MOZAMBIQUE

PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS

Rural water provision Sufficient water sources were constructed to increase the coverage of supply to the rural population from 6% in 1980 to 30% by 1993, 27% by 2005 and 29% in 2008, against a 2015 Millennium Development Goals target of 70%. Rural access to improved sanitation was 33% in 2005 and just 5% in 2008 according to the UN JMP. Groundwater Annual availability (1998) Per capita PSP and players In 1998, the Government announced that water provision services for Maputo, Beira, Quelimane, Nampula and Pemba would be outsourced on a lease basis for Maputo along with management contracts for the other four cities. The contract also involves the commercialisation of water services for Maputo's neighbouring industrial city of Matola and Beira's neighbouring city of Dondo. USD120million is to be invested over the first five years of the contract on upgrading facilities. The contract is linked to USD117million in donor funding, USD92million of the initial donor grant is for the service expansion programme, with the remaining USD25million for operating the services. The World Bank, African Development Bank, Dutch Government and the European Union funded the grant. The contract was awarded in September 1999 to Aguas de Mocambique (ADM), a consortium consisting of SAUR (38.5%), IPE-Aguas de Portugal (31.5%) and the Mazi-Mozambique consortium (30%). Mazi-Mozambique is led by the Mozambique Community Development Foundation, an NGO and includes local private companies Norte Investimentos, FLOTUR and MG-Mozambique Gestores. The contract grants ADM a full commercial concession in Maputo and Matola for 15 years and similar concessions in the other five cities for five years. AdeP acquired SAUR‘s stake in 2002. In 2004, as a result of the improvements in water management brought about by ADM the Government decided to expand the delegated management framework to southern cities. The watersupply systems of Inhambane, Maxixe, XaiXai, and Chokwe were integrated and delegated to Vitens. In 2006, a further expansion of delegated management contracts took place in the central region. Increased investment has led to a significant improvement in the coverage, reliability of supply, and water quality in the five cities monitored. Daily water availability has risen from about 10 hours in 2000 to 16.5 hours in 2006. Despite improvements, water losses remain a major problem, and are rising, with 50% losses in the five cities. In 2007, the OECD concluded that overall, ADM operates reasonably well and will have to concentrate efforts to reduce non-revenue water and improve customer services. Having been extended by three years in 2004, the four city contract was extended a further year before being concluded in 2008. In 2011, the Government‘s Water Supply and Investments Fund acquired AdeP‘s 73% stake in AdeM for EUR6million, including assuming EUR2.45million in debts. In 2010, AdeM made a profit of MZN33million (USD1.06million) having previously been loss making. MAJOR CITIES City Maputo Matola International finance The first World Bank water project to take place in Mozambique was given the go-ahead in February 1998. This involved a USD36million credit to assist the Government to improve water supply and sanitation in rural and urban areas. This project will lay the groundwork for an increase in the quality, coverage, and sustainability of water supply and sanitation services through new systems and encouraging PSP policies. The Mozambique National Water Development Project‘s total cost of USD56.9million will be financed by a USD36.0million IDA credit and co-financed by the Government of Mozambique and various bilateral institutions.

17.0km³ 3 910m

2000 1,655,000 793,000

2015 2,722,000 1,326,000

Status BOT lease contract for water provision BOT lease contract for water provision

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Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012

MOZAMBIQUE

PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS

In June 1999, the African Development Fund (ADF) loaned USD26.44million for a water supply rehabilitation project in Maputo. This project is concentrating on water supply and sanitation systems to bring these to the unserved areas of the Hulene/Laulane/Mahotas suburbs of Maputo. The project concentrates on rehabilitation and extension works to the existing water supply system to increase the filter capacity at the water treatment, distribution and upgrading works as well as the installation of an additional water storage facility. The total cost of the project is estimated at USD31.9million. The World Bank‘s Second National Water Development Project began in 2005, having been approved in 1999. It focuses investment in the of Maputo, Beira, Quelimane, Nampula, and Pemba and seeks to promote greater private sector participation in providing. The project is backed by a USD115million grant from the International Development Association of the World Bank. Private sector contracts awarded (Please see the relevant company entry for details) Location Contract Company Maputo/Matola 15 year water provision BOT Aguas de Mocambique Beira/Dondo 5 year water provision BOT Aguas de Mocambique (ended) Quelimane 5 year water provision BOT Aguas de Mocambique (ended) Nampula 5 year water provision BOT Aguas de Mocambique (ended) Pemba 5 year water provision BOT Aguas de Mocambique (ended) Small scale independent providers In addition, there are 427 informal small scale providers which operate outside areas served by AdeM in Maputo, managing 300 standpipes and serving 380,000 people. These are regulated by the municipalities and ways are being sought to see how they can be better integrated into overall service extension. Private sector company operations (Please see the relevant company entry for details) Company Parent company Population served (country) Water Sewerage Total Aguas de Mocambique Local Investors / WSIF 2,5000,000 0 2,500,000 Sources: African Development Bank / OECD (2007) African Economic Outlook World Bank (2007) Mozambique Country Water Resources Assistance Strategy: Making Water Work for Sustainable Growth and Poverty Reduction. AFTWR, Africa Region, The World Bank FIPAG (2009) Small scale independent providers, presentation to the 5 Istanbul, Turkey, March 2009
th

World Water Forum,

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Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012

NAMIBIA

PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS

NAMIBIA The Water Resources Management Bill was introduced in 2004, placing an obligation on the Ministry of Agriculture, Water and Rural Development to ensure that safe water is available for basic human needs. With the exception of abstracting water for domestic use, the new law will introduce a comprehensive licensing system for the extraction and use of water, as well as the discharge of wastewater. A Water Regulatory Board will control water abstraction and effluent discharge pricing. Water and wastewater assets and services are relatively advanced due to the German colonial legacy and the need for active water management in an extremely arid country. Of the 533,000 people living in urban areas, 341,000 have household water connections and 75,000 are served via standpumps. 96% of the urban population has some form of sanitation, with 349,000 having access to the sewerage network. Namibia aims to have 97% urban sewerage coverage by 2010 against 60% in the 2008 UN JMP survey. Groundwater accounts for 73% of water resources. Only 3% of the country‘s rainfall is used, due to the high rate of evapotranspiration. Urban Data Served by piped water Access to sewerage With sewage treatment

72% 73% 25%

While Nam Water has been commercialised, PSP has been restricted to new facilities and service extension. Nam Water has a turnover of NAD250million and an asset base of NAD1,400million, with an annual capital spending of NAD150-200million. An AA credit rating allied with cost recovery means that the entity is able to fund its current activities. The commercialisation of water supply in Namibia‘s Windhoek Municipality has been based on cost recovery for those who can and developing a system of cross subsidies for the poor via a rising block tariff system. Nam Water has adopted South Africa‘s free minimum water policy, which by 2007 had resulted in serious funding problems for 240 of the country‘s 273 municipalities. Freshwater Fresh water withdrawls (2000) Per capita Percentage withdrawn (2000) Domestic (2000) Industrial (2000) Agriculture (2000)
3

0.3km 3 148m 3 4.9m 24% 5% 71%

The capital Windhoek is having its main drinking water treatment facility built and operated by Berlin Wasser International and Vivendi Environnement (now VE). The consortium will operate the water reclamation plant for 20 years. This facility is being financed by Germany‘s KfW (construction) together with the European Investment Bank (EIB). The contract generates a turnover of EUR2million pa. The 3 capacity of the plant will be 21,000m per day. This is nearly 50% of the city's total water consumption. The water supplies from the current central Namibian reservoir system and from wells have run too low. The city's long experience in the reprocessing of wastewater into industrial and drinking water could not be of any further help. 226,000 out of the city‘s 271,000 people are served by household water and sewerage. All of Windhoek‘s wastewater that is collected by the sewerage system is treated. Unaccounted for water in 2006 was 10.3%, a notably good figure. In December 2002, the NAD100million (EUR11.4million) water reclamation plant for Windhoek entered service. This is the first multiple-barrier facility in which domestic sewerage is treated to produce potable water. Raw sewerage is initially pumped into the Gammams Plant before the semi-purified water is piped to the new plant for further treatment and chlorination. Private sector contracts awarded (Please see the relevant company entry for details) Location Contract Company Windhoek Wastewater treatment BW/VE Private sector company operations (Please see the relevant company entry for details) Company Parent company Population served (country) Water Sewerage Total BW/VE Veolia (France)/RWE 0 135,000 135,000
159 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012

NAMIBIA

PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS

Aqua Utilities, a local water company Aqua Utilities was established in Namibia in 2001 to pursue opportunities for water and wastewater treatment and recovery services in Namibia and southern Africa. Its first project was for providing treated seawater for Deep Ocean Processors in Walvis Bay; a NAD3million treatment plant for cleaning the fish processing unit entered service in 2005 (supported by the Development Bank of Namibia) and the NAD2.7million loan was repaid in 2009. Source: African Development Bank / OECD (2007) African Economic Outlook

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THE NETHERLANDS

PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS

THE NETHERLANDS Economics (2009) GDP per capita GDP per capita (PPP) GDP in Agriculture GDP in Industry GDP in Services Water management The Dutch have been developing integrated water management systems since 1798, when the Directorate-General for Public Works and Water Management (Rijkswaterstaat) was founded. Two thirds of the country is truly man made and lies within two metres of the mean sea level. As their saying goes, ‗God created the world, but the Dutch created the Netherlands‘. Almost all industrial wastewater is subject to secondary or tertiary treatment. Urban Population 2010 (million) 2025 (million) Urbanisation in 2005 Urbanisation by 2015 In urban agglomerations, 2015 Water infrastructure and usage Between 1975 and 1990, a national network of sewage treatment works was constructed, along with the connection of 97% of the population to the sewerage system by 1994. The proportion of the population connected to sewerage services increased from 73% in 1980 to 93% in 1990. There were 485 sewage treatment works in 1988, of which 64 serve cities with a population in excess of 100,000. Sewage treatment Tertiary Secondary Primary Sewerage only Not connected Urban data Served by piped water Access to sewerage With sewage treatment 1980 3% 62% 8% 15% 14% 1990 4% 74% 8% 7% 7% 1995 8% 84% 1% 2% 5% 2000 79% 19% 0% 0% 2% 2003 85% 14% 0% 0% 1% 2008 96% 4% 0% 0% 1%

USD49,350 USD40,510 2% 25% 73%

13.799 15.201 80% 91% 14%

100% 99% 99%

With 98% of BOD removal by 2000 (against 92% in 1990), the Netherlands has already exceeded the requirements of the Urban Wastewater Treatment directive. The country had a treatment capacity of 26million PE by 2003, but was actually using 16-17million PE at the time due to lower inputs from industry. 93% of industrial wastewater was treated in 2007. Just 2% of rivers and surface water in the Netherlands is classified as natural under the Water Framework Directive criteria, 56% being seen as artificial and 42% as heavily modified. 5% of surface waters were seen as being of good ecological quality in 2008, but the country aims to comply with the Directive and attain 100% good ecological quality by 2027. The Netherlands continues to face pollution problems in the coastal areas due to the high effluent concentrations in the rivers Rhine, Meuse and Scheldt from Belgium and Germany. For example, the river Meuse is highly polluted and is a major source of nutrient pollution. The river Scheldt is the most polluted river flowing into the North Sea.

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THE NETHERLANDS

PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS

Freshwater Freshwater withdrawals (2001) Per capita Percentage withdrawn (2000) Domestic (2000) Industrial (2000) Agriculture (2000) Costs and financing

8.86m 3 544m 3 72.2m 18% 37% 45%

3

Since 1995 there has been a ground water tax of EUR0.168 and a domestic usage tax of EUR0.136 per m³. A water supply tax of EUR0.29 per m³ is also levied on water companies, who can pass it on to customers. In addition, there are discharge related taxes. In all, these taxes raise some EUR320million pa for water projects. Total annual spending on water and wastewater in 2001 was EUR5.4billion, including EUR1billion pa by the central government for flood protection, EUR1.6billion by water boards on water and wastewater treatment (70%), water distribution (25%) and flood control (5%), and EUR0.7billion by municipalities on storm water and wastewater management. Approximately 90% of costs are met through direct charging. Groundwater Annual availability (1998) Per capita Annual withdrawal (1985) Domestic Industrial Agriculture PSP is political The 80 public water have recently been rationalised into 12 larger entities. In 1945, there were 208 companies, so this is part of an ongoing programme. The public sector is responsible for at least 95% of all water provision, with all private permits being on a localised basis. In 2004 a Bill was passed prohibiting public water companies in the Netherlands from handing over shares or control to nonpublic bodies. Public water companies will retain exclusive rights to the production and distribution of drinking water in their distribution area. In October 2002, the EUR1.5billion Delftland wastewater treatment concession for the Hague was awarded to the Delfluent Consortium, led by Veolia Environnement (VE) (40%); two Dutch publicly owned water distribution companies, Delta Water (20%) and Waterbedrijf Europoort (20%); Rabobank (10%), Heijmans Betonen Waterbouw (5%) and Strukton (5%). The contract started in 2003 and involves operating the existing plant at Houtrust and developing the new EUR258million plant at Harnaschpolder. VE (50%) will lead a JV, along with Delta Water (25%) and Waterbedrijf Europoort (25%) for operating the facilities and 90km of sewerage network. Delftland serves The Hague and surrounding areas. This will treat sewerage for 1.7million people. The 30 year contract involves EUR600million of capital spending in total. MAJOR CITIES Population Amsterdam Rotterdam

4.5km³ 3 286m 1.1km³ 32% 45% 23%

2010 1,049 1,010

2025 1,110 1,057

Status PSP for water services illegal PSP for water services illegal

Private sector company operations (Please see the relevant company entry for details) Company Parent company Population served (country) Water Sewerage Total Delfluent VE (France) 0 1,700,000 1,700,000 Source: OECD Environmental Performance Review: The Netherlands. OECD, Paris, 2003

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000 Status Partnership programme Private sector contracts awarded (Please see the relevant company entry for details) Location Contract Company Major Cities 10 year renewable lease VE 163 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . 28.000 being served via septic tanks and 482. There are approximately 60. While the contract currently serves 2. % Water % Sewerage 2006 % Sewage treated 37% 4% 0% In January 2001 Veolia Environnement was awarded a 10 year renewable lease contract for water services to Niger‘s Société d'Exploitation des Eaux du Niger. Urban Services.1million in 52 urban centres.048. the Société Nationale des Eaux (SNE) and to enable new investments.11% 21.06% From 2004.4 per month. along with VE providing management assistance and developing 200 borehole schemes in the country at the time and the active provision of grants through the Veolia Foundation. MAJOR CITIES Population Niamey 2010 1.000 via latrines.3m 4% 0% 95% In Niamey.000 household connections in urban areas. The average charge for household water connections is USD1. SEEN covers 50 towns and Niamey. According to WSP there were 850 small private water schemes in operation in Niger by 2010 and 298 actual PSP water schemes in operation in 2009.105.000 2025 2.6million as part of its Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF) to commercialise various utility activities.719 5. the World Bank lent Niger USD18. making the country a pioneer of small scale PSP in Africa. There is no piped sewerage. with a 10% increase in standpipe rates to XOF127. million Total 2025. with VE advising GWI in 2005 that it ‗was not an investor‘ in Niger.18km 3 156m 3 62. Urban Population Total 2010. This includes the PSP of the national water company. Freshwater Freshwater withdrawals (2000) Per capita Percentage withdrawn (2000) Domestic (2000) Industrial (2000) Agriculture (2000) 3 2. 189. Water rates have risen since 1999 from CFA 196 per m to XOF244 in 2005. 3 the capital. million Urban areas (2010) Urban areas (2025) 2.000 via water vendors. 162. SNE into SPEN a state held asset owning company and SEEN. These price increases aim to reduce the XOF5billion financial deficit of the national water enterprise. It is more of a partnership project in reality. the leasing company.000 people are served through household water connections. 50 small town water supply schemes are to be rehabilitated and local private operators will take over their maintenance.767 17.NIGER PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS NIGER Economics (2009) GDP per capita GDP per capita (PPP) US340 USD660 In 2001. it does not appear that the scheme was put fully into practice in terms of finance. Water vending and sanitation are carried out on an informal basis. The first such scheme was launched in 1990.000 through public standpipes and 202.

Canada GWI (2005) Taking on the Millennium Development Goals. Montréal. USA 164 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . WSP Field Note. October 2010.. Niger.000 0 600. GWI 6 (5).NIGER PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS Private sector company operations (Please see the relevant company entry for details) Company Parent company Population served (country) Water Sewerage Total VE VE (France) 600. ISW. World Bank. UK African Development Bank / OECD (2007) African Economic Outlook Niger Ministry of Hydraulics/ FDA (2009) Etat des lieux pour l‘élaboration du guide des services d‘AEP dans le domaine de l‘hydraulique rurale WSP (2010) A review of progress in seven African countries – Public-Private Partnerships For Small Piped Water Schemes. Washington DC.000 Sources: International Secretariat for Water (2005) Blue Book. Oxford. Media Analytics Ltd.

the Government has been unable to allocate funds in this area. 11% of urban households had access to piped water and sanitation. Akwa Ibom Corporation (Akwa Ibom state) has been turned into a limited liability company as part of a USD73million loan from the African Development Bank designed to encourage the commercialisation and reform of utility services in Nigeria. close to the Sahara.01km 3 61m 3 3. Since the mid 1990s there has been a gradual move towards partial commercialisation. The country‘s problem areas are in the north.6m 21% 10% 69% 165 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . by 2008. with direct finance from the Government.NIGERIA PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS NIGERIA Economics (2009) GDP per capita GDP per capita (PPP) GDP in Agriculture GDP in Industry GDP in Services USD1. The Akwa Ibom Corporation‘s remit is limited to supplying water to urban areas with a population in excess of 5. along with constructing the dams Owiwi Dam. water was provided free of charge. Kashimbila Dam Project. with 2% of urban sewage being treated.980 33% 41% 27% Public spending on water supply increased from NGN7. 30% is connected to mains water. Service coverage and delivery According to the UN JMP and allied surveys.818 126. Of that state's population.27% Water provision is being commercialised Until recently. Most industries thus discharge untreated effluent into adjacent water courses either directly or through sewers. 30. Freshwater Freshwater withdrawals (2000) Per capita Percentage withdrawn (2000) Domestic (2000) Industrial (2000) Agriculture (2000) 3 8.80% 60.000. Despite the fact that water sanitation is a high priority for health and quality reasons. the capacities are usually inadequate or the plants have broken down due to poor maintenance or lack of spare parts. Sanitation systems for Nigerian cities are inadequate. a Roadmap for Nigeria‘s Water Sector was launched. seeking 75% access to safe water by 2015 and 90% access by 2020. Urban access to improved water and sanitation were 65% and 36% respectively.000 out of 50. Jada Multipurpose Dam. while in the state capital. sewerage problems 85% of Nigeria is regarded as having good water resources and storage capacity because of the six month rainy season. with marginal rates for water in order to allow the corporations to break even. Urban Population 2010 (million) 2025 (million) Urbanisation in 2010 Urbanisation by 2025 78. with a focus on the completion of the Gurara Water Project for Abuja.3billion in 1999 to NGN80billion in 2006. Shagari Dam.000 customers are connected. although until recently profits were not allowed. and the Galma Multipurpose Dam. Urban Data Served by piped water Access to sewerage With sewage treatment 11% 11% 2% Good water resources. Ile-Ife Dam. In 2011.591 49. Where waste treatment plants exist. Some 90% of industry in Nigeria does not have pollution control equipment of any sort.140 USD1.

000 802. Currently. It is looking at a 3 three phase DFBO contract providing total water resources of 955. According to the World Bank. followed by USD30million in infrastructure development funding linked to a formal PSP process. declining financial resources are making this less feasible. Lagos Water Corporation (LWC) is seeking a PSP project from 2011. In each case. which was subsequently legalised nationally.561. According to GWI. Kano and Kaduna. The aim was to attract investment of up to USD1.217. this will consist of USD5million in emergency funding.279. LWC serves 18million people. seven states are currently suitable for PSP: Ogun.000 1.837.000m per day between 2013 and 2019.5billion over 25 years. In October 2005.000 785. the IFC examined PSP options for the Lagos state government. Gombe.5billion for the state‘s water systems through PSP with Lagos and the Nigerian Environmental Protection Agency (NEPA) and then the six state water boards. Enugu.992. Established since the early 1970s. Plateau. The only PPP to date has been for expanding water distribution within the city of Calabar in Cross River State supported by USD70million of funding from the World Bank which is expected to be formalised in 2011-12. the only sewerage system is in the new Federal capital Abuja. The company also faces 40% distribution and unaccounted for water losses.2billion being needed during the first 15 years of a contract and USD2.000 1.000 1.000 1.0km³ 714m Status PSP under consideration PSP under consideration PSP under consideration PSP under consideration Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .000 1. primarily in Lagos and anticipates this rising to 29million by 2020.000 1.361.000 3.060.578.000 2. During 1999-2000.229. will be one of nine State Owned Enterprises to be fully commercialised with the aim of introducing private sector operators in the medium term.000 2.995.000 2025 15. LWC is looking to develop a 20-25 year contract. In the past.203. it has been the standard in Nigeria to wait for a capital infusion through foreign aid or a Federal Government to rehabilitate or replace water and sewerage systems instead of maintaining the infrastructure. sewerage and sewage treatment was not a part of the water corporations‘ remit.395.000 166 87. in reality these facilities do not exist.000 3.480. Although the guidelines and standards for industrial pollution control specify the establishment of central waste treatment facilities.NIGERIA PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS Industrial effluent problems A central WWTP for industrial effluent exists in the oldest industrial estate in the country at Ikeja in Lagos.810.000 950.000 5.000 835. this plant has been inoperative since the mid 1980s. However. Capital spending requirements point to USD1. The World Bank has allocated USD245million in funding for capacity building in these states. A bill passed in December 2004 created the legal framework for water PSP sector in Lagos. Lack of financial resources has stalled the rehabilitation and expansion of the plant.362.000 4.302. Groundwater Annual availability (1998) Per capita PSP remains a prospect Until recently. MAJOR CITIES City Lagos Aba Abuja Benin City Ibadan Llorin Jos Kaduna Kano Maiduguri 2010 10. Delta State announced that the Delta State Urban Water Board.000 1. and the rate and extent of deterioration is accelerating.000 1. The main area of concern being how sewerage services can be commercialised. Industrial effluents pass through the facility untreated and discharge into the surface water. Other cities such as Lagos use latrines and cesspits. Rivers.

7million with cities of Kaduna (1. with a system coverage of 46% and unaccounted water at 38%.000 963.000 2025 1. and has a target for 100% service coverage by 2025.USD38million for rehabilitation. resistance to PSP is expected due to the threat of tariff increases and lay offs. Sources: Adelegan O. In 2002.A. Wedc. the rest for expansion.J. GWI (2010) Nigerian water sector embraces PSP. UK.6 per month for households and 50% of bills are collected. Capital expenditure of USD257million is needed . PSP was planned for 2002-03. Loughborough. Media Analytics Ltd.000 Status PSP under consideration - Case study: Kaduna State Water Board The state of Kaduna has a population of 2. under the State Ministry of Water Resources. Currently the Kaduna State Water Board (KSWB) is a parastatal. UK 167 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . In the regional context. There are many challenges: low income levels.5million) and Zaria (800. Oxford. the first for a state water board but little progress has been made.000 1.000). 27 Wedc Conference. As a result.. GWI 11 (6).000 1. Assets have been vested in KSWB but the Ministry of Water Resources acts as a custodian to these. Investment appraisal of the privatisation of water supply in th Nigeria.032. (2001). with many below the poverty line (USD1 per day). households accounted for 76% of consumption and 21% of revenues. African Development Bank / OECD (2007) African Economic Outlook. KSWB charges USD4.104. In addition. The state is experiencing 3% pa population growth. but there remains much room for progress.471. while service levels are bad and thus the willingness to pay is low.NIGERIA PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS City Ogbomosho Port Harcourt Zaria 2010 1. The Government aims to use a lease contract as a stepping stone towards concessions in the longer term. & Adelegan J.000 1.576. the KSWB has a good record. responsible for urban water supply.681.

In 1997. In 1994.98% 0% 100% 80% 74% Tertiary treatment Secondary treatment Primary treatment Sewerage only Not connected Norway has 2. some 64% of the estimated total intake at municipal sewage treatment plants and separate treatment facilities in sparsely populated areas. withdrawals of ground and surface waters were 0. Around 80% of the population of Norway lives in areas with municipal 168 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . The average household paid USD200 pa for water and USD300 pa for sewerage services in 2002. with 17% of wastewater being treated in local. Norway‘s sewage treatment facilities removed 1. some 85% of the population. the cost recovery ratio was below 83%.440 USD56. 87% of supplies are drawn from surface water.058 water treatment works serving 83% of the population. Distribution losses accounted for 30% of water production in 2009. Sewerage and sewage treatment 1980 26% 1% 7% 46% 20% 1990 43% 1% 13% 20% 23% 1995 51% 1% 15% 13% 20% 1999 51% 1% 21% 7% 20% 2002 54% 2% 18% 6% 20% 2009 57% 2% 24% 0% 17% USD86. Urban data Served by piped water Access to sewerage With sewage treatment Sewerage and sewage treatment Long term spending plans for upgrading Norway‘s sewerage network are as follows: NOK10billion for sewerage.050 1% 46% 53% 3. The target is to increase this percentage to 100%. agricultural and industrial uses. Domestic consumption was 212L per capita per day in 2010. In 2009. usually in relation to the construction of a new facility. The capacity for wastewater treatment is about 5.41% 83. In 9% of the population. Currently. half of Norway‘s water distribution network was extended or replaced. 2015 Water provision A national programme for improving water supply was launched in 1995 with the goal of securing satisfactory and safe water from all waterworks supplying more than 100 people. PSP opportunities appear on a one-off basis.576 tonnes of phosphorus.3% of available water. The country has 1. 67% of urban sewerage is treated.4million PE.505 79. 75% of the population lived in municipalities where full cost recovery for wastewater activities was normal. NOK5billion for sludge handling and NOK2billion for treating industrial discharges. Urban Population 2010 (million) 2025 (million) Urbanisation in 2010 Urbanisation by 2025 In urban agglomerations.856 4. Norway has built a number of sewage treatment plants with secondary treatment in recent years. and secondary treatment is planned for all plants serving more than 2000 people.755 municipal wastewater treatment plants for all towns and villages. Between 1971 and 2000.NORWAY PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS NORWAY Economics (2009) GDP per capita GDP per capita (PPP) GDP in Agriculture GDP in Industry GDP in Services Water and sewerage services Norway has an abundance of water and supply is adequate for domestic. rural plants.

The municipality is seeking to abolish metering and bring in fixed charges. Freshwater Freshwater withdrawals (1996) Per capita Percentage withdrawn (2000) Domestic (2000) Industrial (2000) Agriculture (2000) Groundwater Annual availability (1998) Per capita Annual withdrawal (1985) Domestic Industrial Agriculture Private sector players In 1995.0km³ 3 21.NORWAY PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS sewage systems. Anglian Water International (AWI) was granted an option for an operations concession for a sewage treatment works serving 250. The concession was sold to Läckerby Water Group (Sweden) in 2005.000 MAJOR CITIES Population Oslo 3 2. The facility entered service in September 2000.000 people in Oslo in 1999. a concession was awarded to a consortium headed by Northumbrian Lyonnaise International as a JV with the municipality.000 Baerum Vann Suez (France) 50.1km³ 27% 73% 0% 2010 888 2025 1. along with selling a 49% stake to an outside investor.000.019 Status Sewage treatment concession 169 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . A GBP40million construction contract has been followed by a GBP40million 13 year operations contract. The original plan. with a PE of 350. municipal sewage treatment plants released an estimated total of 563 tonnes of phosphorus. the municipality of Bærum (located to the west of Oslo) turned its water and sewerage company into a limited company.923m 0. In 1999. The average purification efficiency of municipal treatment plants was 72% and the rate for the entire country has been around 70-72% since the 1990s.000 0 50.000 250.6m 23% 67% 10% 96.40km 3 519m 3 0. In 1996. to sell this stake to a JV between Suez and Kværner (Norway) fell through due to political resistance to the JV. Private sector contracts awarded (Please see the relevant company entry for details) Location Contract Company Baerum JV water provision contract Baerum Vann Oslo Sewage treatment concession Bekkelaget Private sector company operations (Please see the relevant company entry for details) Company Parent company (country) Population served Water Sewerage Total Bekkelaget Läckerby Water Group (Sweden) 0 250.

980m per day.000 people.0km³ 3 376m 0.917 73.070 USD14. Groundwater Annual availability (2000) Per capita Annual withdrawal (1990) 1. The Government has ruled that BOOT contracts will operate via a locally based joint stock company. The Government of Oman is funding the USD4.122 2. [4] Muscat WWTW BOOT and [5] Barqa power and desalination BOOT. Urban Population 2010 (million) 2025 (million) Urbanisation in 2010 Urbanisation by 2025 2.14% 24% of properties in Muscat were connected to the sewerage network in 2010. To date.500m per day. Five projects were outlined by the Ministry of Development in 1994. Freshwater Freshwater withdrawals (1996) Per capita Percentage withdrawn (2000) Domestic (2000) Industrial (2000) Agriculture (2000) 3 1. It is proposed that 40% of each BOOT‘s equity is to be floated on the Oman Stock Exchange in Muscat: [1] Salalah WWTW BOOT [2] Al Massarat groundwater distribution BOOT. As of 2011. along with the sewerage networks. The Government is also currently seeking to award a two year O&M contract for the Salalah wastewater treatment facility. with its preferred level of subsidies. [3] Al Ashkara desalination BOOT.OMAN PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS OMAN Economics (2007) GDP per capita GDP per capita (PPP) GDP in Agriculture (2005) GDP in Industry (2005) GDP in Services (2005) USD9. which will be replaced by five facilities capable of treating 3 240. The company aims to expand the connection rate from 20% in 2010 to 80% by 2018. Phase 1) is in development. which will in turn sell this water on to customers.06million population in 2035 via five WWTWs plus 23 local WWTWs for surrounding villages.680 2% 46% 42% Haya Water is responsible for Muscat‘s wastewater services. with the other facilities being at the planning stage. leading to a 20 year operations contract. Currently there are 12 urban WWTWs with an 3 operating capacity of 49. a eight year operations and maintenance contract for the Oman Wastewater Services Company (Haya Water). which have started to emerge as fully fledged BOOT concepts. covering 630. one new facility (Al Ansab. It is currently undergoing an expansion plan designed to meet the needs of a 1.4km³ 170 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .04% 77. Urban Data Served by piped water Access to sewerage With sewage treatment 68% 90% 25% Water BOOT projects are intended to sell water to the Government. the implementation of these plans has not been a smooth one.1m 7% 2% 90% In 2005.000 people was awarded to Veolia. with a further USD634million for the wastewater treatment works construction.36km 3 529m 3 138. The plant will serve 134.3 billion Muscat wastewater scheme. Haya Water plans to increase this to 71% in 2013 and then to 92% in 2019.

000 0 500. Muscat.000 1.000 700. Oman 171 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . Haya Water.000 VE VE (France) 350.OMAN PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS Private sector contracts awarded (Please see the relevant company entry for details) Location Contract Company Barka Water & power IWPP Suez Muscat 5 + 3 year wastewater management VE Sur 22 year water DBO VE Private sector company operations (Please see the relevant company entry for details) Company Parent company (country) Population served Water Sewerage Total Suez Suez (France) 500.050.000 Source: Al Wahaibi O (2011) Wastewater Services in Sultanate of Oman.

River water quality (biochemical criteria) Class 1 2 3 4 1985 4. financial incentives for the private sector and protection of consumer interests.8% 30. but Class 1&2 rivers still only accounted for 3% of the total.1billion. million) Total (2025.3% 35. In 2000.6% of GNP).8% 43. Surveys using biological criteria point to up to 88% of rivers being of class 4 quality in 1990 and 96% in 1995. drew up longer term targets.8% 37. For example. Some 5% of this is currently coming from foreign investment. annual spending on the water network is in excess of EUR1billion per annum. estimates by the Government point to USD700million pa being spent on water related work in Poland.96% 63. The EU has allocated EUR6billion in funding for 2007-13 to support Poland‘s EUR12billion investment plan for water and wastewater. Class 4 rivers are those which are biologically dead and whose water cannot be used for agriculture or industry.1% 1990 6.00% In terms of the Water Framework Directive.6billion required for sewage treatment works and USD4billion for sewerage. with USD2.0% 2000 5% 35% 40% 20% 2003 5% 47% 36% 13% USD12. Urban Data Served by piped water Access to sewerage With sewage treatment 99% 84% 79% 172 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .187 23. This includes 30. this had fallen to 61% of rivers. The compliance costs for water and wastewater upgrading and extending for EU accession has been variously estimated at between EUR18billion and EUR40billion in 1998.84 per m .260 USD18.8billion in 1990. In 2000. million) In urban areas (2010) In urban areas (2025) Pollution and problems Polish data is on the harsh side because the worst performing parameters are used as definitive. In addition.3% 33. 13% of rivers were classified as good or very good (I & II) in 2008. up from USD0. 11% of the rural population was served by wastewater treatment plants. launched in 2000. in 2000.POLAND PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS POLAND Economics (2009) GDP per capita GDP per capita (PPP) Agriculture Industry Services Laws and spending A second National Environment Plan.9% 20. 300 of which serve urban areas.0% 27.287 60.000 of sewerage systems at EUR5billion. There are 700 water utilities. In 2000. Poland was granted derogation until 2015 for complying with the UWWTD because of the estimated cost of compliance. upgrading 569 WWTWs and building 180 new WWTWs for EUR3. provision of increasing treatment standards with time. Tariffs are to be established by water companies and approved by the local community with yearly revisions and the prospect of differential charging.1billion in 1998. These call for suitable levels of service.440 5% 31% 64% 23.8% 1995 2. with 40% of this going to water (equivalent to 0.9% 30.3% 27. Environmental spending was USD2. Urban Population Total (2010. the average water price was 3 USD0. along with 58% being medium quality (III) and 19% being poor or bad (IV & V).

An urban/rural divide 2004 household connections Overall – Water connections Overall – Sewerage connections Urban – Water connections Urban – Sewerage connections Rural – Water connections Rural – Sewerage connections ‘000 32.484 2. 17% of all industrial discharges were untreated. 48% of the largest industrial sites had no effluent treatment facilities. SAUR‘s experience in Gdansk may alleviate this. Effectively all aspects of the operation of water and sewerage services are in the hands of the local authorities.714 10. Freshwater Freshwater withdrawals (2002) Per capita Percentage withdrawn (2000) Domestic (2000) Industrial (2000) Agriculture (2000) PSP prospects The pace of PSP remains a leisurely one. 26% of the rural population has its sewage treated. The major French water companies have been helping to frame the PSP process.000 rural households were connected to water supply systems and sewerage coverage grew from 5% in 1995 to 12% by 2000. 5% of factories had plants with an inadequate treatment capacity. over 900. m ) Withdrawals (1990.2m 13% 79% 8% 36. km³) 3 Per capita (1998. 300 new wastewater treatment works were built each year. By 2008.13km 3 304m 3 30. Groundwater resources Total recharge (1998. In November 1999 SAUR gained a EUR40million 25 year water and wastewater management and renewal contract for Ruda Slaska. 25% of effluent generation is from rural areas and its lack of treatment means that it has a disproportionate impact.157 19.4% 58.253 22.0 931 2. It is up to each authority to decide if PSP will take place. km³) For domestic use (1990) For industry (1990) For agriculture (1990) 3 11.3% 94. and 17% to secondary treatment. SAUR Neptun Gdansk has increased the proportion of water that meets the Government‘s water quality criteria from 8% in 1992 to 25% in 1997. with 66% of industrial effluents subject to primary treatment only. there is some reluctance at municipal level.4% 84. but remain directly under the control of the municipalities and the Government‘s Environmental Council. the main change having taken place between 2000 and 2002.538 % 85.3% 17. one third being secondary or tertiary treatment works.0% 71. Indeed.3% Between 1990 and 1996. during 1992-2000. which has a population of 170.000. In 2009. with a similar improvement in the proportion connected to wastewater treatment plants. While the Government remains committed to privatising water and sewerage services. Water companies noted SAUR is involved in the management of Gdansk‘s water and sewerage facilities.POLAND PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS Development of urban water and sewerage infrastructure Treatment level Tertiary Secondary Primary None 1995 4% 30% 8% 58% 1998 13% 30% 6% 51% 2000 20% 30% 3% 47% 2002 27% 27% 3% 43% 2003 31% 25% 3% 41% 2005 37% 21% 2% 40% 2009 49% 16% 0% 35% In 1992. 95% of industrial wastes were subject to some form of treatment. In Warsaw urban water and sewerage services such as the second Warsaw STW have been reconstructed as limited companies.0 70% 30% 0% 173 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .640 22.

712. The granting of the lease contract reflects on the company‘s performance over its first ten years: Billings and billing collection increased by 400% Water tariffs increased by 200% Wastewater tariffs increased by 300% Population served rose by 25% The relationship between the company and the municipality has evolved from a very simple contract in 1993.000 people.000 756. serving 52.000 1. This project is at the study phase. Degrémont was involved in the design and construction of the second Warsaw STW and the upgrading of the original STW in a project which is being partially funded by the EBRD.POLAND PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS City Study: Warsaw Central Warsaw has 1.000 2015 3.000m per day. and more direct methods of private sector finance and involvement are under consideration.000 people. this was upgraded to a ten year lease contract.000 135. for treating 3 a population equivalent to 850.000 300.000-600. The city‘s first STW has a treatment capacity of 3 240. at a time when consumption rose by 39%. 98% receiving potable water and 95% connected to the sewerage network. The EBRD is encouraging Warsaw to float Miejskie Przedsiebiorstwo Wodociagow I Kananlizacji (MPWiK) in the shorter term.000 135.494.000 70. partly due to a 113% increase in distribution losses between 1975 and 1991. The rest of the effluent is directly discharged into the Vistula River.000 UUI Veolia Environnement (France) 300.000 Krakow 756. Private sector contracts awarded (Please see the relevant company entry for details) Location Contract Company Silesia (two towns) 25 year water and sewerage BOT VE Wozniky 10 year water management VE Dabrowa 25 year water and sewerage BOT RWE Bielsko Biala Strategic partnership with municipality UUI Gdansk Joint venture SNG Miskloc 20 year water and sewerage concession Pwik w Glogowie Piaseczno 10 year water & wastewater lease Aquarius Drobin Water management PPP Remondis Aqua Toszek Water management PPP Remondis Aqua Private sector company operations (Please see the relevant company entry for details) Company Parent company (country) Population served Water Sewerage Total RWE RWE (Germany) 135. One sewage treatment work treats the effluents of 500.000 Lodz 1. Wastewater treatment capacity has been doubled and 96% of the people in rural areas served now have access to piped water.000 Status PSP plans Management contract since 1995 BOT plans under consideration A local private sector contract – Aquarius & Co Aquarius & Co.000 people at a cost of USD128.000 80. 3 The second STW has a capacity of 112.000m per day.000 with a treatment capacity of 260. Approximately 25% of the population is subject to water shortages.061.000 300.64million inhabitants.547.000 1.053.000 913. into one with increasing responsibility transferred to Aquarius as the company was able to demonstrate its capabilities and the municipality was able to identify areas where Aquarius was best positioned to assist in its operations.000 174 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .000 Warsaw 1.000 Gdansk 893.722. ideally through an IPO.5million. a Warsaw based company was granted a service contract for Piaseczno. MAJOR CITIES Population 2000 Katowice 3. In 2003.000m per day. VE's OTV is involved in the design of a third STW for northern Warsaw.000 VE Veolia Environnement (France) 80. serving 300. a suburb of Warsaw in 1993.

OECD.000 SNG SAUR (France) 502.000 550.POLAND PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS Private sector company operations (Please see the relevant company entry for details) Company Parent company (country) Population served Water Sewerage Total Glogowie Gelsenwasser (Germany) 75. London. Paris.000 20.000 75. Denmark 175 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . Copenhagen. Poland: The Environment in Transition.000 Aquarius Aquarius 52.000 52. European Environment Agency. UK EEA (2010) Freshwater (Poland) The state and impacts. 2003 UKTI (2010) Opportunities in Poland – Environmental Sector. UK Trade & Investment. 165. SOER 2010.000 75.000 Sources: Warner. (1999).000 20. J.000 Remondis Aqua Remondis (Germany) 20.000 52.000 550. The Geographical Journal. OECD Environmental Performance Review: Poland. 209-221.

2000-06 and the National Strategic Plan for Water Supply and Wastewater Collection and Treatment (PEAASAR II) for 2007-2013. with EUR3.6billion for upgrading existing assets and EUR2.515 7. and Madeira.7million 0. North of Lisbon (agricultural run-offs) and Algarve (salt water intrusion). Urban Population Total (2010. million) Total (2025. 176 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .8billion. Revenues for the water utilities and municipalities were EUR800million in 2008.8million people live in areas with water shortfalls.5million 2.5million 1. 3.2billion for new assets.98million in 2006) and 7.940 USD22.28million for wastewater (6.3billion. They have gone some way towards meeting national targets: 1993-94 82% 50% 61% 31% 2008-09 94% 98% 80% 71% 3 USD20.70% 68.22million for water in 2008 (4. providing 317million m of water and 3 collecting 357million m of wastewater.385 60. mainly in the Algarve. including EUR1. Three national strategies have been rolled out to date: 1993-99. Lisbon.4billion going on water treatment and bulk transfer. They served 5.45billion in Cohesion funding for environmental projects between 1993 and 2002. Compliance work from 2000 to 2006 cost EUR4.97million in 2006). There are groundwater problems in the Ave Basin and Aveiro/Estarreja (industrial wastes).PORTUGAL PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS PORTUGAL Economics (2009) GDP per capita GDP per capita (PPP) Agriculture Industry Services Water Services Municipalities Municipal companies Aguas de Portugal Private municipal companies Bulk Water Services Aguas de Portugal Private municipal companies Sewerage and sewage treatment Tertiary Secondary Primary Sewerage only Not connected Water quality and requirements Portugal remains an essentially rural economy and this is reflected by the country‘s water and sewerage infrastructure.9million 53% 27% 1980 0% 2% 0% 33% 65% 1990 0% 11% 9% 34% 46% 1998 2% 26% 14% 23% 35% 2004 7% 25% 12% 30% 26% 2008 14% 38% 9% 15% 22% 6.870 2% 24% 74% 3. Funding needs for 2007-13 have been estimated at EUR3.98% Water – Access to household tap Water – Drinking water quality Wastewater – Household sewerage Wastewater – Treatment Target 95% 99% 90% 90% Multi-municipal systems served 180 municipalities in 2006. million) In urban areas (2010) In urban areas (2025) Spending needs Portugal enjoyed EUR1.

06million people through six contracts: four for direct service and two for bulk water provision. km³) For domestic use (1987) For industry (1987) For agriculture (1987) Companies noted Agbar‘s Lusagua JV was the dominant private player company in Portugal. Until 1998. PSP has been erratic to date because of the public and political expectations of lower prices. Lusagua was sold to Aguas de Portugal for EUR23. public control of water operations was retained via a 49% private sector holding cap.473 Status Piecemeal privatisation underway N/A Private sector contracts awarded (Please see the relevant company entry for details) Location Contract Company Fafe 25 year water provision concession IIG de Aguas Frielas 25 year water and sewerage concession Aqualias Leziria del Tajo 40 year water and sewerage concession FCC Mafra 25 year sewerage concession Aqualias Matosinhos 25 year water concession FCC Ourem 25 year sewerage concession Aqualias Paredes 35 year sewerage concession Aqualias 177 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .000 in Lisbon. FCC and VE have gained a number of contracts. Groundwater Total recharge (1998. 13 for water and wastewater.6m 10% 12% 78% 5. EPAL (bulk water) serves 33 municipalities. Lusagua had a 2000 turnover of EUR10million. the second player is also a local company.PORTUGAL PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS Urban services % Water % Sewerage 2001 % Sewage treated 99% 95% 85% Private sector participation legalised Private sector involvement was specifically outlawed in 1977. EPAL and AdP The Government has invited foreign companies to consider taking a stake in EPAL and IPE Aguas de Portugal to finance part of its compliance programme.8million people. to make it the leading private sector player in Portugal.355 2025 3. 2 for water and 5 for wastewater.m ) Withdrawals (1990.1 521 3. AdP has been valued at EUR2-3billion and had 20 local subsidiaries in 2009. MAJOR CITIES Population Lisbon Porto 3 11.09km 3 1056m 3 29.0 39% 23% 39% 2010 2.842 1. serving 1. Freshwater Freshwater withdrawals (2002) Per capita Percentage withdrawn (2000) Domestic (2000) Industrial (2000) Agriculture (2000) PSP. or 2. Motal-Engil. Sacyr Vallehermoso‘s Somague – AGS has bought major stakes in these contracts and a number of other contracts. Municipalities are allowed to privatise their services at their own pace. km³) 3 Per capita (1998. including 348. having bought out Severn Trent‘s interests and gained further concessions.009 1. while retaining ownership of the assets. The 1993 water policy reforms created conditions for the quasi-PSP of the water market.5million in 2001. Political pressure for some effective form of PSP will be maintained because of Portugal‘s relative dependence on EU funding for water and sewerage compliance work.

UK ERSAR (2011) The reorganization of the water sector in Portugal: a global and integrated approach. Portugal Serra P C (2011) Regulatory Models for Public Water Utilities The Portuguese Experience Regulatory Experience. OECD.000 Aqualias VE (France) 185.397.000 1.000 IIG de Aguas Mota-Engil (Portugal) 568.PORTUGAL PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS Private sector contracts awarded (Please see the relevant company entry for details) Location Contract Company Santo Tirso 25 year water provision concession IIG de Aguas Santo Maria de Feira 35 year water provision concession IIG de Aguas Valongo 30 year sewerage concession Aqualias Vila de Conde 40 year water and sewerage concession IIG de Aguas Matosinhos 25 year water and sewerage concession IIG de Aguas Setubal 25 year water and sewerage concession AGS Vale do Ave 25 year water and sewerage concession AGS Figueira da Foz 25 year water and sewerage concession AGS Cascais 25 year water and sewerage concession AGS Carrazeda de Ansiaes 25 year water and sewerage concession AGS Gondomar 30 year water and sewerage concession AGS Alenquer 30 year water and sewerage concession AGS Pacos de Ferreira 35 year water and sewerage concession AGS Barcelos 25 year water and sewerage concession AGS Marco de Canaveses Water & sewerage concession AGS Taviraverde Water & sewerage concession AGS Covilha Water & sewerage concession AGS Faro 35 year water and sewerage concession AGS Campo Major 30 year water & WW concession FCC Elvas 30 year water & WW concession FCC Private sector company operations (Please see the relevant company entry for details) Company Parent company Population served (country) Water Sewerage Total 275. 2001 UKTI (2010) Sector Report – Environment and Water Portugal.000 AGS Sacyr (Spain) 1. 9-11 May 2011 178 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .000 FCC FCC (Spain) 294.000 294. London.397.000 264. Workshop on Water Pricing and Roles of Public and Private Sectors in Efficient Urban Water Management. Paris.000 Sources OECD Environmental Performance Review: Portugal. Granada. UK Trade & Investment.000 1.397. Lisbon. WEX 2011.000 294.000 568.000 275. Spain.

The estimated safe yield of the aquifer.256Ha in 1980 to 8. Shares in QEWC were sold via an IPO on the Doha Securities Market in 1993. QEWC was granted the power to charge for services and to operate on a commercial basis. Groundwater and water imports In order for the Government to maintain irrigated agriculture.29km 3 358m 3 568. This would be used to increase the remaining groundwater reserves through artificial recharge to combat and minimise the environmental impact on the deteriorating water quality caused by salt water intrusion and soil degradation.445 1. Urban Services. Agriculture (which grew from a cultivated area of 2. Imported water from Iran is being negotiated and the Government has commissioned a study to test the feasibility of 3 3 using this water for direct irrigation purposes. ground tanks. The accumulated groundwater deficit 3 during the period 1972-1995 was 994million m . 16.71% All supplies from groundwater or desalination With 75mm of rainfall per annum.1million m .83% 96. in buffer reservoirs. % Water % Sewerage 2006 % Sewage treated 37% 4% 0% Desalination plants account for 96% of municipal potable water production. based on the 3 calculated average natural recharge over the last 20 years is some 35million m pa. Generation and desalination were put under the Qatar Electricity and Water Company (QEWC). Qatar has no surface water resources. 3 totals approximately 1.1m per year and the quality of water is being compromised by sea water ingress and the intrusion of saline water from deeper aquifers. groundwater levels are falling by 0.6m 24% 3% 72% .4% was sold to major companies. which hold around 10% each. With a groundwater withdrawal rate of 188million m pa in 1994 3 against an annual recharge of 50million m pa. and water towers.QATAR PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS QATAR Urban Population Total 2010.86% was taken by private investors and 40. Freshwater Freshwater withdrawals (2000) Per capita Percentage withdrawn (2000) Domestic (2000) Industrial (2000) Agriculture (2000) PSP is steadily evolving The sector was restructured to allow private sector involvement in the 1990s.312 Ha in 1994) is therefore almost entirely dependent on 3 irrigation from pumped groundwater. it is estimated that Qatar aquifers will be depleted in 20 years. While the Government retained 42.5-1.500million m . The Government‘s current pricing policy of supplying potable water free of charge to the prime residence of all Qatari nationals may need to be reconsidered depending on the nature of private sector involvement required.787 95. more than one third of the 1977 estimate of total 3 groundwater reserves in the country of 2. As a result. In 2000. Renewable water resources are now totally depleted. million Total 2025. This represents approximately three days' supply based on an average national consumption rate. and in the absence of any other source of water supply. elevated tanks. It is expected that 5m per second (160million m pa) of water would be delivered from Iran‘s Karun River. million Urban areas (2010) Urban areas (2025) 1. 179 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 3 0. Distribution and transmission were taken over by a new public sector body.74% of the company. Qatar is looking to import water from Iran. the Qatar General Electricity and Water Corporation (QGEWC. now called Kahramaa). including Qatar Petroleum and the Qatar National Bank. The total available potable water storage in the country.

000 m3 per day RO facility at the Ras Laffan site. Looking ahead. 40%). being sold to Kahramaa under a 25 year purchase agreement.000 Degremont Suez (France) 0 700. Qatar Petroleum (10%). QEWC (Qatar Electricity and Water Company. Ras Laffan B is delivering a further 150million m pa of water.400. 55%). 5%).400.000 0 180 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . meeting short-term water needs. the State is seeking a further 400. the Ras Laffan Power Company was formed as a joint venture between AES Corporation (USA.000 QEWC QEWC (Qatar) 1. 10%).QATAR PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS Following a decree in 2001. 25%). desalination BOT QEWC Private sector company operations (Please see the relevant company entry for details) Company Parent company (country) Population served Water Sewerage Total 700.000 1. Ras Laffan B was built by Q-Power (QEWC. 55%). Private sector contracts awarded (Please see the relevant company entry for details) Location Contract Company Lusail 10 year DBO Degremont Various 12-25 year.000 m3 per day of water as part of an IWPP. Ras Laffan C is currently under development and will deliver 286. and the Gulf Investment Corporation (Kuwait.000 m3 per day of water by 2016 and is considering proposals for a 409.000 m3 per day MSF facility at the Ras Abu Fontas B2 site and a 227. and 3 Chubu Electric Power (Japan. International Power (UK. Construction of the Ras Laffan B Power and Water Plant started at Ras Laffan in June 2005 and it entered service in 2008.

In 2000. before expanding to 400 by 1990. Some 50% of industrial discharges are untreated.177 13. By 1995.460 7% 26% 67% 12. This includes EUR14. 50% of urban sewerage was treated.000 connections to 15. 55% of the population has household piped water and 44% sewerage by 2010.20 to 1. EUR521.47% 65. it was estimated that EUR18billion will be needed for municipal water. Lower industrial wastewater discharges and the impact of more municipal wastewater treatment have been seen in the improvement of inland waters: River water quality Good Fair / Poor Bad 1994 54% 34% 12% 2002 66% 27% 7% 2005 52% 42% 6% 2008 72% 25% 3% 1992 0% 29% 8% 63% 2005 0% 17% 27% 56% 2009 0% 21% 8% 14% 3 USD8. Craiova. Braila. the Jiu Valley.220million a year.ROMANIA PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS ROMANIA Economics (2009) GDP per capita GDP per capita (PPP) Agriculture Industry Services Water pricing and plans Between 2000 and 2010. 181 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .13 to 0. There is an irony here. Iasi. In 2006. to perhaps 10 by 2020. million) Total (2025. Focsani. average water tariff revenues rose from USD0.100million a year which would need to be made up by the private sector. an average of EUR1. Cluj Napoca.106 57.64billion needs to be invested by 2023 to upgrade Romania‘s water and wastewater infrastructure to meet EU requirements. million) In urban areas (2010) In urban areas (2025) Structural and operational reform Under the EU supported Financial and Operational Improvement Projects water operators have been rationalised from over 250 to 40. Water and sewerage tariffs rose from USD0.62 per m with tariff rises allied with the introduction of metering bringing average domestic consumption down from 225 3 l/c/day to 100 l/c/day. Recycling of wastewater is undertaken in only a few local industrial installations. staff numbers fell from 40 per 1. as under the Ceausescu regime water operators were rationalised to 42 in 1975. Oradea. The EU‘s IPSA supported the development of wastewater treatment facilities through a series of grants running to 2007. Arad.10 per m during this period. Urban Population Total (2010. sewerage and sewage treatment by 2018. After taking into account possible EU grants and government financing. water distribution losses exceeded 50% with tariffs not accounting for operating costs. It is anticipated that the number of operators will be further reduced as they rationalise along river basin lines. Timisoara and Targu Mures.4billion for urban areas. Sewage treatment Tertiary treatment Secondary treatment Primary treatment None / Not connected Sewerage and sewage treatment By 1997. Nationally.330 USD14.9million was provided to. At the same time. 83% of urban and 11% of rural households were connected to a sewerage system.66% The Romanian Water Association (ARA) stated in 2003 that it believes that EUR18. Constanta. there will still be a shortfall of around EUR1.

with the WB. 1995-2000). In 2001.474 649.000 people in Cluj Napoca in Cluj County. 14.000 402. In 2000-05.300 23. There is no metering for domestic customers and overall.894 42. km³) For domestic use (1975) For industry (1975) For agriculture (1975) 3 6. 78% of the County‘s population had piped water and 53% sewerage. for a poor rural area (Salaj County. including 11. with 3-5% of samples failing on chemical levels.3 368 1. Distribution losses are currently in the region of 35% and there are plans to reduce this to 15% by 2020.8m 9% 34% 57% 8.587 27. cities with a population range of 164. one of the 11 river basins in Romania.0 61% 38% 1% 182 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .000.ROMANIA PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS Water provision In 2000. Groundwater Resources Total recharge (1998.430 Water connections 15.4million in rural areas (33% coverage).761 Metering (%) 50 96 98 NRW (%) 60 45 37 Number WTW 2 2 11 Number WWTW 1 1 13 By 2008.50km 3 299m 3 54. Prior to MUDP. Timisoara‘s Aquatim funded EUR438million in wastewater upgrades. Year 1991 2001 2010 Population supplied 345. Iasi. with EBRD support. Freshwater Freshwater withdrawals (2003) Per capita Percentage withdrawn (2000) Domestic (2000) Industrial (2000) Agriculture (2000) PSP and the EBRD The EBRD has developed a Municipal Utilities Development Programme (MUDP). Craiova. 200308). RAJAC Cluj took over 25 rural localities in the county with 57.000-360. 50% of supplies are metered. The region received support from the EBRD. metering and NRW along with compliance in monitored water quality. World Bank and EIB and three programmes were implemented: Cluj (MUDP.000 people and a second expansion in the County was made in 2006.172 Sewerage connections 14. covering water and effluent treatment in Brasov. with O&M costs 35% lower and improved billing. Tests on public water supplies in 2000 found that faecal biological parameters (total coliforms and faecal coliforms) exceeded the limits for 3% and 1% of samples respectively. 2000-07) and for seven small and medium towns (SAMTID. Timisoara and Tirgu Mures. The MUDP is designed to encourage private sector involvement in the water companies in these cities. Urban Services Water Sewerage Sewage treated 68% 52% 29% Water services reform: Cluj Water Company In 1990 RAJAC Cluj was formed (now called the Somes Water Company). through a EUR34million ISPA loan allied with local loans.14million by 2020 through expanding its coverage to the river basin level. km³) 3 Per capita (1998. The company aims to become responsible for the Somes-Tisa river basin.7million people (65% of the total population) were connected to a public water supply.986 16. all finance has been through Central Government grant transfers. Somes Water Company aims to raise coverage to 2. serving 345. m ) Withdrawals (1975.3million in urban areas (90% coverage) and 3. 10 covering another 7 cities and 32 rural locations. starting with a USD28million loan in December 1994.

VE‘s Apa Nova 3 Bucaresti SA won with a tariff of USD0. March 2009 th World Water Sannen A (2011) Water sector reform and water utility performance improvement . Six international companies have prequalified for the bid. but little progress has been identified during 2004-05.000 VE VE (France) 2.000 2015 1.000 tourists) is seeking to award a 20 year concession. Water supply for the city is through taps (92%) and standpipes (8%). Talk presented at the Singapore International Water Week. which serves the county of Constanta (600. Singapore. Private sector company operations (Please see the relevant company entry for details) Company Parent company (country) Population served Water Sewerage Total Apa Nova SRL VE (France) 250. with a strict set of performance criteria and future tariff increase limits and acquired 70% of RGAB‘s equity for EUR35million in 2001. averaging 800L 3 per capita per day at USD0. Singapore.000. Private sector contracts awarded (Please see the relevant company entry for details) Location Contract Company Bucharest 25 year water concession Veolia Ploiesti 15 year water concession Apa Nova SRL Zetea Water DBOT Amiantit Constanta Regia Automoma Judeteana De Apa Constanta (RAJAC). Turkey.11 per m . RAJAC has a turnover of EUR23million and this project is linked to EBRD aid.000. Experiences with a Performance driven Approach for Institutional and Organizational Change. the Regia Générale de Apa Bucuresti (RGAB) was privatised under the IFC's auspices. presentation to the 5 Forum.ROMANIA PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS MAJOR CITIES Population Bucharest 2000 1.000 0 200.963.000 0 250.000 Status PSP PSP for Bucharest’s services Bucharest‘s water company. plus up to 400.17 per m .The case of Romania. Capital spending of USD1.000 0 2. Istanbul.000 Amiantit Amiantit (Saudi Arabia) 200. RGAB supplies sewerage for 85% of the city. Paper presented for the Singapore International Water Week.000million is needed for water and sewerage over the life of the concession. July 2011 183 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .000 Source: Ciomos V (2009) The water utilities in Romania 1989-2009.000 people.934. July 2011 Sannen A & Ciomo V (2011) Water Sector Reform in Romania.

Urban Data Served by piped water Access to sewerage With sewage treatment Sewerage and sewage treatment In 2002. About 10% of groundwater intakes have reported exhaustion of water supplies. The complexity of the system of environmental responsibilities of the various state agencies is a further problem.17% 75.68km 3 535m 3 1. the country's existing system of drinking water supply is in a critical situation. Owing to the poor quality of water from these sources (and a number of other reasons).041 1. 40% of drinking water was of potable quality and 30% of domestic effluents were treated.727 Sewerage 1.390 5% 37% 58% 102.058 73. More than 30% of piped water from surface sources is not treated.THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION Economics (2009) GDP per capita GDP per capita (PPP) GDP in Agriculture GDP in Industry GDP in Services Legislation and its enforcement The fundamental law on the Protection of the Natural Environment was enacted in 1991. 25% of water withdrawal facilities are not surrounded by protection zones.085 1. despite significant resource contamination. That year. 60% of wastewater treatment works were operating above capacity and 38% need rehabilitation. Urban Population 2010 (million) 2025 (million) Urbanisation in 2010 Urbanisation by 2025 Water usage Towns and villages with some form of water or sewerage system. The law was intended as setting a foundation for more specialised environmental acts. Of this. 2002 Water network 1.1million m per day. which is 3% 3 above the 1995 level. Preparation of the Law on the Protection of the Environment in the Russian Federation is currently being considered. while the other facilities are typically non-compliant.8m 19% 63% 18% 184 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . 28% was treated. The average water supply for drinking water and domestic needs was 248litres per inhabitant per day.4% of the total. 14. but the post 1993 constitution has limited its worth. 86. affecting 68% of urban and 10% of rural consumers. Freshwater Freshwater withdrawals (2000) Per capita Percentage withdrawn (2000) Domestic (2000) Industrial (2000) Agriculture (2000) 3 3 92% 86% 25% 76.60% Towns Villages 99% 92% 96% 73% The total water intake from renewable water resources throughout the Russian Federation was 90km³ in 2002 as compared to 96km³ in 1995. along with the concept of the transition of Russia to the model of sustainable development.000million m of municipal wastewater was collected by the urban sewerage system in 2002. the capacity of the wastewater treatment plants was 56.290 USD9.702 100.370 USD18. In 2001.

serving 8. March 2007 2007E 2.7 4. In the spring of 2004.9 Number of contracts 3 11 15 20 22 Total served 0.5million per km³. gas and electricity supply.8 788.0 0. 780. Tambov. environmental funds and other sources (5%).7 3. RKS has 52 short-term lease type contracts in 16 regions for water. and points to total spending of USD1. Veolia has set up a joint venture with a management group from RKI. Vladivostok & Volgograd).88billion in 1995. IES and Gazprom in 2003. Tambov (Tambov Utility Systems.1 0. along with two long-term leases (Kirov and Tambov) have been gained. Russia) acquired 75% of RKS. In addition. 15 year lease.000 people). Tomsk (Tomsk Utility Systems. Tomsk. Berezniki Eight cities Syzran Municipality and Syzran district Russian Communal Systems (RKS) was set up by RAO. At least 15 contracts for the delegated management of major WSS assets have already been concluded.0km³ 5. part of Austria‘s EVN. the budgets of member states of the Federation (16%). IES acquired the remaining 25% for R3.1billion (USD131million) in 2008. Volgograd & Petrozavodsk). To date RKS has gained eight short-term leases (Blagoveshensk.8million per km³ of freshwater collected. A new private sector emerges Million people >2003 2003 2004 2005 2006 New contracts 0.6% of the urban population. communal heating.4 9. Orel. the Eurasian Water Partnership. resources of enterprises (53%).320m³ A survey carried in June 2004 by the OECD found that private water supply and sanitation enterprises were operating in 38 municipalities in Russia. serving 4. compared with expenditure on the maintenance. meaning that they potentially address 17.5 3. IES is primarily interested in power generation and energy services and has no other water interests. one involving Suez.00 people) and.000 people). with four of the short-term leases having not been renewed (Orel. Financing of measures concerning the use and protection of fresh water sources is provided by: the federal budget (18%). 185 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . 214. and Syktyvkar (Komi) Perm. Gazprom sold its shares to an undisclosed buyer and in June 2005. Revenues for the year ending 31 June 2004 were R14billion (USD480million). or 8. VE is involved in the construction of a sludge treatment plant for St Petersburg worth EUR70million. repair and use of networks of USD19. The main water contracts to date have been: Blagoveshchensk (Amur Utility Systems.000 people).5 11.000 people). local budgets (18%). This is equivalent to a cost recovery of 40%. Company RKS RKI CES-Multyenergetika Novogor-Prikamye (RKS) Rosvodokanal Syzranvodokanal Water & sewerage activities 52 contracts in 16 regions 10 municipalities in Krasnodarskij Krai (region) 45 municipalities in Perm and Sverdlovsk.0 0.5 8.7million people or 16. revenues received from the abstraction of water were USD7.0 3. USD20million capex. 294.5million people. Kirov (Kirov Utility Systems.5 Sources: Presentation by Eurasian Water Partnership to the World Bank.THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS Financing In 1995. Volgograd (Volgograd Utility Systems.7million people. 488. Groundwater Annual availability (1998) Per capita PSP prospects Three contracts have been awarded to WTE.2 6. CJSC Integrated Energy Systems (IES. three contracts were acquired with Novogor-Prikamye in 2006.0 2. Other information (save for a report in Global Water Intelligence in 2004 and entries recorded by the World Bank) on these activities is somewhat incomplete at present.2% of the urban population. 475.0 Contracts lost 0. Kirov.7 1. Vladivostok. Kachkanar (Sverdlovsk Utility Systems). Tomsk.8 0.

668 people for water and 120. NovogorPrikamye gained a 30 year contract for wastewater systems engineering in Berezniki (population 201.000 797. which covers 95% of the city. Orenburg.112. Since 2003.000 999.000 964.000 1. In 2010.046. Tchaikovsky.000 1. Kaluga and Kaluga Region. 1.000 842.253. Gornozavodsk.000 1. Gremiachinsk.119.800) in 2004. Perm Region: Solikamsk.000 1.000 1.557.000 771.000 1.124. Komi Republic: Syktyvkar and. revenues have increased by 16% with the collection rate increasing from 85% to 97%.016. the company ran 7 utilities and 8 cities (Barnaul. and Tyumen.100 people) and now implements the programme that was originally developed for an EBRD project in the city.000 1.000 2025 10. bill collection has increased from 80% to 93% while 24 hour water availability has become the norm. This is the first time in Russia that the entire sewerage system of a big municipal unit will be leased to a private company.397. Kaluga region.162.000 1.000 1. Berezniki.000 1. linked with R750million to be invested in refurbishing the channel and the city‘s water and sewerage infrastructure by 2010.THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS Novogor-Prikamye (New Urban Infrastructure of Prikamye) was set up by Interros in December 2003. it appears that the municipal utility has been privatised on its own. Alfa Eco‘s Rosvodokanal is a subsidiary of Alpha. Krasnodar.000 1. a Russian manufacturing conglomerate. 556 with residential co-ops.000 people in Orenburg for water and sewerage.000 1. NP took over Perm‘s wastewater treatment works (secondary standard). Tver and Tyumen) and a total of 6. Kungur. 153 with state-owned federal enterprises and organisations.094 with commercial companies and 37 with other types of consumers.000 1. In 2005. Krasnoyarsk Krai and Buriatia. Since 2001. Kaluga region.000 1. Novogor-Prikamye was sold to IES Holding for USD58million in 2006.000 864.313.164. Krasnokamsk.398. Suksun. while water losses distribution fell from 27% to 21%.094.000 4. and gained a 49 year lease for operating Perm‘s water channel.000 838.000 961.1million people. Omsk. Rosvodokanal seeks to operate in cities where Alpha has industrial activities (oil and metal).144.038. RKI operates in Nizhnii Novgorod Oblast and some cities of Irkutsk Oblast. Ocher. Kizel.218. including: Kachkanar. Barnaul.550.420 separate water supply and drainage agreements: 9 with communal services of the City of Perm. It took over the water utility of Perm (1. Verkhnij Tagil and Nizhnij Tagil.096.986 for sewerage.000 822. a private equity company – please see company entry for further details.000 1. while Tver was not renewed.000 982.000 4. JSC Russian Communal Investments (RKI) is a subsidiary of Bazovyi Element. Tver and Tyumen and in the cases of Orenbourg. with private houses owners. CES – MULTYENERGETIKA has 45 contracts: Sverdlovsk Region: 27 municipal districts.575. MAJOR CITIES City Moscow Nizhniy Novgorod St Petersburg Omsk Novosibirsk Ekaterinburg Samara Perm Chelyabinsk Ufa Kazan Rostov-On-Don Volgograd Krasnoyarsk Saratov Tolyatti Ulyanovsk Voronezh 2010 10. plus 22 cities and towns. Chusovoi.000 1. Krasnodar.095.000 972.000 1.000 977. Orenburg Vodokanal Ltd has a lease serving 487. In this case.267.000 1.663.000 899. Syzran Vodokanal gained a five year management contract in 2001 for the Syzran Municipality and Syzran district. Short-term lease contracts were gained for Orenbourg. Krasnodar. Kamens-Uralskij and Pervouralsk. these have been renewed as long-term lease contracts. Vereshchagino.023. The lease runs to 2020 and contains 2. 564 with state-owned municipal enterprises and organisations. serving 162.000 1.140.000 186 Status Three wastewater contracts Various PSP contracts Contracts under consideration N/A Rosvodocanal N/A N/A Novogor-Prikamye N/A N/A N/A N/A RKS RKI N/A N/A N/A Rosvodocanal Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .

25million) to energy supplier Mosenergo. 222-231.000 6.000 0 250.Emerging private water company of Russia. O&M WTE Moscow 12.745. The failure rate on chemical criteria for recreational water bodies rose from 48% in 1991 to 72% in 1995 and from 53% to 65% for bacterial contamination over the same period. while usage by industry fell from 3 3 1.8). Presentation to the World Bank Water Week Washington.000. Media Analytics. while falling from 0.5 year.THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS MAJOR CITIES City Yekaterinburg City Study: Moscow 2010 1. Meanwhile.000 Syzran Vodocanal Syzran Vodocanal (Russia) 186. March 2007 187 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .000 121. GWI (2004) A new Russian Revolution.000) in unpaid bills by regional administrations and municipal institutions. Private sector contracts awarded (Please see the relevant company entry for details) Location Contract Company Moscow 11 year.000 RKS IES (Russia) 3. In the meantime Mosvodokanal has filed a counterclaim against Mosenergo for RUB16.000 1.000 Amiantit Amiantit (Saudi) 250. UK OECD (2004) Overview of Domestic and International Private Companies Operating in the Utilities Sector in Russian Federation. The quality of drinking water has been affected by drives to develop land surrounding water abstraction areas to the point where these sources are being materially contaminated.100. In consequence.000 EWP Veolia (France) 1. Mosvodokanal claimed that it was owed RUB30million (EUR965. Oxford.70million m 3 pa to 0. this rose to 3. OECD.000 Sources: Oldfield.234. Mosvodokanal in turn owes RUB70million (EUR2.234. J (1999).000 3.05million m pa to 0. In 2002.9million (EUR540. water BOOT Suez / WTE Private sector company operations (Please see the relevant company entry for details) Company Parent company (country) Population served Water Sewerage Total WTE EVN (Austria) 1.000.000 Suez Suez (France) 1.000). Global Water Intelligence (5.61million m pa over the same period of time.38million m pa.745.000 Status N/A Water and sewerage services are provided by Mosvodokanal.000 0 1..000 1.29million m pa to 2.000 650.68million m pa in 1992 to 3. It appears likely that the monitoring of the discharge of industrial effluents has eased during this period.000. Likewise.344.000 6.2% of drinking water samples failed bacterial contamination tests in 1991. Water usage by domestic customers 3 3 rose from 3.000 2025 1.100.000 186. water discharge by 3 3 3 domestic customers rose from 2. while 1.C.4% by 1995. a collapse in living standards for the majority of the population has taken place to the point where environmental concerns are overshadowed by apparently more immediate concerns.88million m in 1995.650.100. 165. Geographical Journal.43million m pa for industrial and power customers.377. Paris EWP (2007) EWP . O&M WTE Moscow 13 year. At the beginning of 2002 Mosvodokanal cut the supply of drinking water to several towns in the Moscow region. D. wastewater build.000 Rosvodokanal Alpha (Russia) 6. wastewater build. The Environmental Impact of Transition – a case study of Moscow city.

03 per 3 3 m for domestic customers and USD1.34million m per day of this being reused. million) Total (2025.07% 85.72) per m³. The country is seeking to reduce over-abstraction through a 3 3 reduction in water from 16. of which 1. In consequence. with 85-90% of water currently used for agriculture. This plant has a capacity of 50million gallons per day. This covers the construction of a water treatment works in Shoiba and one in 3 northern Jeddah (250.60million m pa.000m per day capacity) and sewerage networks in northern and southern Jeddah. It deals with private sector participation and foreign investments in water. In 2006. 3 3 21.67 (USD1.5billion (USD3billion) a year on water supply and sanitation projects from 2003 to 2022. In 2003 the National Commercial Bank noted that the SWCC projects a 20 year investment requirement of SAR11.60 per m for large industrial customers.24% 97% 43% 25% 188 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .700 USD24.541 29. Even so. Saudi Arabia has 24 desalination plants in operation with a 600million 3 gallon per day capacity.5million m pa to 12. In 2005. this compares with a total surface water availability 3 and annual groundwater recharge of 4. and buildings in the area have not been designed to cope with this.84million m was 3 collected and treated as wastewater with 0. Currently. SAR15billion (USD3.75billion) was allocated to address water shortage and sewage problems in Jeddah until 2010. desalination and wastewater reuse projects. Current production costs for desalinated water in Saudi Arabia are estimated at SAR2.9million m pa.41million pa against 3 an operating cost of USD90million pa (USD1.6million m pa. which serves the Holy City of al Makkah (Mecca).000m per day.000 2% 69% 28% Water resources and applications The Ministry of Water Affairs was formed in 2003. Due to a number of delays and continuing problems with extant plant.33) per m³. with a full cost of water and wastewater services of some SAR4. or 700. This in turn has been causing water table problems. the Jeddah 1-4 desalination plants are meant to generate 95million gallons per day. groundwater supplies have a 15-20 year life. For example.1 per m ). Saudi Arabia supplied 5.3million m ) so as to provide a total capacity of 3. Saudi Arabia currently utilises 185million m³ per year of treated wastewater effluent. Currently water costs USD0.131 82. but had been allocated a maintenance budget of USD0.72million m of potable water per day. but operational problems means the real figure is some 65-70million gallons per day.2million m pa to 14. mainly via a fall in agricultural use from 3 3 14. million) In urban areas (2010) In urban areas (2025) Desalination extension plans The sixth Plan (1995-99) sought to have all drinking water obtained via desalination plants. In addition. SWCC now plans to construct 17 desalination plants 3 3 (with a total capacity of 2. Another example is the Shuaiba facility.0million m per day.7 (USD0.SAUDI ARABIA PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS SAUDI ARABIA Economics (2009) GDP per capita GDP per capita (PPP) Agriculture Industry Services USD17. Urban Services Safe drinking water 2008 Access to sewerage Sewage treated Maintaining extant assets Lack of maintenance has held back the operation of these facilities and their use. Urban Population Total (2010. the SWCC was given a revised set of targets in 1999. The new ministry will also be involved in setting new water tariffs. the water network suffers from distribution losses in the region of 40%.

20 109 7. along with USD81billion which is needed by 2022 to increase desalination capacity by 6% pa and water treatment by 11% along with developing a suitable wastewater management infrastructure. Veolia gained a five year water and wastewater O&M contract for the city.000 Desalination (m /day) 1996 2003 433 700 193 353 3 3 17. Suez and Saudi Arabia‘s AWCA Power gained the Jeddah O&M contract in 2008.000 Reclaimed (m /day) 1996 2003 33 66 15 25 3 MAJOR CITIES Population Jeddah Mekkah / Mecca Medinah Riyadh Ad-Dammam 2010 3.SAUDI ARABIA PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS Sewerage coverage is less than 60% and the population is growing by 3% per annum. The Agriculture and Water Ministry and regional seven water boards are being rationalised into a new Water Ministry to centralise the management of resources and manage the PSP process.179.400.196.7m 10% 1% 89% 2. Similar works are also planned for other Saudi cities.9billion for sewerage and sewerage treatment. Groundwater resources Total recharge (1998. km³) 3 Per capita (1998. metering and collection in the capital. Veolia had a USD5million contract to audit water distribution. two contracts were agreed which are intended to lay the foundations for PSP in Riyadh.000 1.924.484.000 1.000 6.000 4.000 2025 4. In 2008. PSPs are to be carried out under the auspices of the National Water Company.000 1. Freshwater Freshwater withdrawals (2000) Per capita Percentage withdrawn (2000) Domestic (2000) Industrial (2000) Agriculture (2000) Involving the private sector Short-term investment needs of USD17billion have been identified by the Government. In May 2005. Pilot PSP at Jubail and Yanbu The first development was a JV between the Royal Commission for Jubail and Yanbu (RCJ and Y) and Bechtel and Parsons Corporation (both of the USA).000 57. This includes USD9billion in water treatment and distribution and USD4. Macca / Taif (1. The private sector is needed to finance this and to bring the eventual cost down. m ) Withdrawals (1985. This involves charging for services on a cost recovery basis before PSP advances beyond the O&M stage.34 5% 8% 87% Jubail Yanbu 1996 107. 2011).104. PSPs are to be carried out under the auspices of the National Water Company. for a USD1.000 1.324.000 87.456. USD14billion is needed for basic services over the next 20 years in Riyadh.000million general upgrade of the water and wastewater facilities which began 1997.600-2. while SAUR has gained two O&M contracts in joint ventures with local partners.32km 3 705m 3 721.000 Status O&M (Suez Environnement) O&M (SAUR) O&M outsourcing under development O&M (Veolia Environnement) N/A 189 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .848.000 902.138.000 people.000 people. Since then. Some 8% of wastewater is fully treated. 2010) and Jubail (250. km³) For domestic use (1985) For industry (1985) For agriculture (1985) Water Management in Jubail and Yanbu Population 2003 127. The intention is for the contract to evolve into a more formal private-public partnership.000 1.

500.000 6.000 4.6million inhabitants. Private sector contracts awarded (Please see the relevant company entry for details) Location Contract Company Jeddah 7 year O&M Suez Jubail 8 year W & WW O&M Marafiq / SAUR Jubail 23 year BOOT Suez Mecca / Taif 5 year water O&M Zomco / SAUR Riyadh 6 year O&M Veolia Environnement Yanbu Water DBOD AmiWater Private sector company operations (Please see the relevant company entry for details) Company Parent company (country) Population served Water Sewerage Total Suez Suez (France) 6.000 Source: Urban Water Sector Restructuring in Saudi Arabia.000. along with a separate set of eight contracts for wastewater treatment plants serving Riyadh and a further eight contracts for Jeddah.500. a National Water Company. especially leakage. the second largest city in the country with 2. It is assumed that USD0.000 1. Riyadh – current and planned performance 2006 Water supply 7 hours a day UFW (%) 31% 2007-11 40% to get 24 hour 15% 2012-26 100% to get 24 hour 5% The Riyadh plans involve a 6-7 year management contract which will be superseded by a lease or concession contract. A revitalised PPP process In 2006.500. 3 which currently accounts for some 1. It is now seeking to become a corporate entity providing services as a joint venture partner in its own right both in Saudi Arabia and in the region by 2020.8 1.000 250. the following spending is anticipated in the four cities: USD billion Water distribution Sewerage Sewage treatment Capex 14. Damman / Khobar and Madinah. The province has 7.SAUDI ARABIA PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS Proposals for Jeddah and al Mekkah In 2002.9 Opex 6.0 20.000 0 40.1billion by 2026 in avoiding extra desalination capacity. equivalent to the production of nine of Saudi Arabia‘s leading desalination facilities.000 3.500. April 2007 190 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . Jeddah. This involves separate PPP awards for Riyadh. Various areas have been highlighted for these contracts.000 VE Veolia Environnement (France) 4. Barcelona. Presentation by Loay Bin Ahmed Al-Musallam (MOWE). Less than 20% of the city is equipped with a sewer system.650.000 4. at the GWI Conference.500. The water situation is especially critical in Jeddah. a new PPP plan was unveiled.1million m of water per day.6 The NWC is involved in all PPP / PSP contracts as a client. Jeddah and Taif.8 5.4billion on network repairs in Riyadh will generate savings of USD2.9 4.5million inhabitants and three major urban areas: the Holy City. During the 2007-2026 period.000 SAUR SAUR (France) 1. based on setting up NWC.550.000 AmiWater Saudi Arabian Amiantit (SA) 40. Suez was awarded a contract to oversee an investment programme for al Makkah of more than EUR10billion over the next 10 years. The water management PPPs will be based on management contracts lasting up to six years which in turn will evolve into lease or concession contracts.

Nationally. and a private operating company.30% 74% 10% 5% 2. Freshwater Freshwater withdrawals (2002) Per capita Percentage withdrawn(2000) Domestic (2000) Industrial (2000) Agriculture (2000) 3 5. with 85% having access to water by 1996. particularly those of local authorities. Urban Data Served by piped water Access to sewerage With sewage treatment SONES and Sénégalaise des Eaux SONES was broken up into an asset-owning company. Since the contract started. 85% of these new connections being installed for free. The contract was renewed for a further five years in 2007.6m 4% 3% 93% SDE is bound to the State Government of Senegal through a performance contract that sets targets for improvement of the service. the Office national de l‘Assainissement du Sénégal (Onas). Senegal is currently seeking to install a sewerage and stormwater drainage system in every secondary city through Société Nationale d‘Exploitation des Eaux du Sénégal (Sones). 33% of the population are seen as not having adequate water availability.22km 3 190m 3 8.000 individual connections have been set up in the peri-urban zones.450 8. the state 5% and the employees hold the remaining 9%. These criteria relate to facility maintenance. which is now managed by a public independent body. timing. These problems were to blame for the financial problems faced by the country‘s Regie Autonome de Distribution (RAD). These have provided water services to 1.790 16% 21% 63% Urban water and sewerage services Between 1996 and 2000. 150. Sénégalaise des Eaux (SDE). which retained the former utility's name (SONES) and which owns the water assets. water quality and commercial management. 191 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . The contract also specifies quality. and supply and payment arrangements. Overall.806 42. water provision was 28L per person per day in 2000. a group of local civil engineering firms hold 51% of SDE‘s share capital. the Government of Senegal decided to divest its water and electricity services in 1995.SENEGAL PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS SENEGAL Economics (2009) GDP per capita GDP per capita (PPP) GDP in agriculture GDP in Industry GDP in Services USD1. Urban Population 2010 (million) 2025 (million) Urbanisation in 2010 Urbanisation by 2025 PSP proposed Water and electricity services in Senegal have suffered through the inability of the utilities to deal with unauthorised connections and unpaid bills. with Senegalese investors holding 35%. Senegal‘s Law on public service management of drinking water and collective sanitation (LPSEPA) was passed in 2008. which are monitored by SONES and the Office National de l'Eau Potable (ONEP). access to potable water increased from 67% to 72%.640.83% 49.000 people. The Government awarded a ten year lease for operating Senegal‘s water services in 1996 to a SAUR led consortium. SAUR International and GTHE. 51% of the urban population received potable water supplies in 1992. 20% of water provided to the urban population received treatment in 1992.303 USD1. In order to ease the burden of enforcing payments.

World Bank.414 in 1995 to 216. Washington DC.000 in 2003. Sound Relationships: Urban Water Sector Reform in Senegal. meaning that the contract has been profitable since 2003. 9 June 2011 192 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . Pambazuka News.338.SENEGAL PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS Groundwater Annual availability (1998) Per capita Annual withdrawal (1985) Domestic (1987) Industrial (1987) Agriculture (1987) The contract in reality 7.800.6million m in 2002.671 in 1996 to 408.3million m in 1997 to 3 114.63million) in 1995 to 89. 1.60km³ 3 844m 0km³ 25.0% Since 1999. Tariff rises were originally kept at below 3% pa 3 with a low tariff for the first 20m per month used. MAJOR CITIES City Dakar 2010 2. In the Dakar region (75% of the total service area). 63% through individual connections and 22% via standpipes. Average water usage in Dakar is 69L per capita per day. Coverage figures for the Dakar region show that the proportion of the population served increased from 80.0% 75. the number of private water connections increased from 135. African Development Bank / OECD (2007) African Economic Outlook Petitjean O & E Diouf (2011) Water Privatisation .000 2025 4. The next step In 2011.25million people) to 90% in 2010.5% in 2007 and 98% of invoices were paid. 79% in Dakar have individual connections and 11% are served by standpipes. 85% are connected to water services. a cross subsidy system is in operation. USA. Water delivery has increased from 96.800. There has been an increase in the number of clients from 241.000 0 3. it was announced that the original contract would not be renewed. it has become evident that the contract has been providing material benefits. C.5% as of the end of 2002 (2.Senegal At the Crossroads. & Janssens. J. In the other areas served.000 Sources: Brocklehurst.000 Status Water services leased to SDE Private sector contracts awarded (Please see the relevant company entry for details) Location Contract Company Dakar/urban 10+5 year lease contract SDE Private sector company operations (Please see the relevant company entry for details) Company Parent company (country) Population served Water Sewerage Total SDE SAUR/Bouygues (France) 3. Non-revenue water was 19.000 in 2005. (2004) Innovative Contracts. Low income households also receive free connections and this meant that 85% of new connections in 2003 were to low income households. while revenues rose by 47% between 1996 and 2001 at a time when tariffs rose by 20%.0% 0. even within 3 its financial and operational constraints.863. Tariffs were frozen in 2003 and will be reviewed in 2008.3% (1. WSSSB Discussion Paper Series. and that the Government was seeking to award a 20-25 year concession contract in 2012-13.

238 49.921 1997 47.110 28.611 1995 48. Coverage in Bratislava was 94% in 1997. 4.3% 50.8% 1995 79.217. This is both to generate funds for bringing the water and sewerage infrastructure in line with the EU accession process and to use pricing as an economic instrument to discourage excessive water consumption and the discharge of effluents.858 Water and wastewater plans In 1995.075.015 107 6.388.816 79.32% on chemical criteria. one of the better figures from central and Eastern Europe.6% Water Sewerage The sewerage connection for 2010 is estimated at 66.SLOVAK REPUBLIC PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS SLOVAK REPUBLIC Water and wastewater management In 2001.251 25.5% for water connection.6 279.027 5 643 36.4% 56.847 801 1. the Government set a series of mid to long-term objectives for bringing water management into line with EU norms as well as taking sustainability into account when planning. three of the latter (Trencin district.5 532.3 737.6% of the population was supplied with water from public piping. average water and sewerage charges have been increased to fully cover the costs of services provided.0% and 93.000m pa) Mechanical (primary) Chemical (secondary) Biological (secondary) Combined (tertiary) Total 3 1990 18.9 Water abstraction.535 37.3% 52. introducing metering and the imposition of appropriate charges.618 2000 53. The former is illustrated by changes in abstraction patterns: Water abstraction -1 Ground water (L / s ) 3 Surface water (million m ) 1990 23.183 89. Making water and sewerage pay Since 1998.738 87.3% 59. Komarno district and Hlohovec city) had their shares transferred to local authorities. by application 1990 30% 13% 57% 1999 39% 2% 59% 2009 18% 4% 77% Municipal use Agriculture Industry Private sector contracts awarded (Please see the relevant company entry for details) Location Contract Company Banska Bystrica 30 year concession StVS Poprad 30 year concession PVS Trencin 20 year water & sewerage concession TVS Slovakia has six regional water organisations and 47 local water supply establishments.296.9% 54.6 1. Water and sewerage development 1990 75. Distribution losses in 1996 were approximately 22%. 193 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .312 24 2.553 801 1.721 88.7% 2005 85.75% of drinking water samples failed on bacterial standards. These objectives concentrated on reducing pollution loadings and reducing water usage.867.543 38. compared with 75.5% 2000 82.7 1995 18.044. Wastewater treatment (1.4 808.8 2009 11.0 2005 11. through developing water and wastewater management systems. By 2002. only Trencin has to date decided to sell shares to the private sector.2% in 1990. against 1. 83.2 2000 14. Of these three.262 1996 47.7% 2009 86.

which serves Bratislava is 59% held by the city council.000 290.000 660.000 660. Paris 194 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . OECD.000 TVS Suez (France) 150.000 StVS Veolia Environnement (France) 660.SLOVAK REPUBLIC PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS Bratislavskej vodarenskej spolocnosti (BVS).000 290.000 Source: OECD (2002) Environmental Performance Review: Slovak Republic. Private sector company operations (Please see the relevant company entry for details) Company Parent company (country) Population served Water Sewerage Total PVS Veolia Environnement (France) 290.000 150. the city does not anticipate developments in the near term. While PSP for BVS has not been ruled out.000 150.

along with ordinances on the water quality standards of surface fresh water and groundwater. while 8% are supplied to livestock farms. Urban wastewater treatment 1998 42% 22% 11% 6% 3% 2000 53% 29% 10% 6% 8% 2005 63% 26% 6% 18% 13% 2009 63% 11% 0% 28% 24% Sewerage Untreated Primary Secondary Tertiary 195 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . Water provision Drinking water supply for 77% of the population is organised through public networks (treated). The quality of groundwater has been declining recently. 5% to the tourist industry and 1% to all other purposes. Environmental spending and sources of finance Budgeted spending on water and wastewater was USD391. The most polluted groundwater with nitrates is found in the areas with intensive agricultural use. In 2000 almost 155. However. 14% from private wells. 5% from rainwater reservoirs and 4% from other sources. along with the municipal wastewater treatment investment coming into effect.8%) people had no drinking water from the public water supply. 39% by industry and the manufacturing sector. Domestic and commercial water users are taxed in proportion to the pollution load of the wastewater discharged. Sewerage and sewage treatment 63% of the population lives in areas covered by the sewage system with 62% of the population connected to the sewage system and sewerage treatment. Slovenia aims to have 75% of people connected to the public system and their wastewater treated by 2017. improperly maintained sewerage systems and thin cover layers. Class 1 1-2 2 2-3 3 3-4 4 1992 0% 3% 32% 30% 23% 4% 9% 1995 2% 4% 41% 24% 21% 4% 5% 2000 1% 1% 54% 14% 23% 1% 6% 2002 3% 6% 45% 19% 20% 2% 5% Pollution of the majority of surface waters exceeds the allowed limit (3rd and 4th grades.1million for 2001-03 and USD519. Inland water quality The quality of watercourses has improved gradually since 1989 due to a decrease in industrial sewage.REPUBLIC OF SLOVENIA PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS REPUBLIC OF SLOVENIA Management and financial strategy A new Water Act was adopted in 1998.4million for 2004-2006. Approximately 47% of the total amount of piped drinking water is used by households. the monitoring requirements concerning the quality of surface water and the ecological quality standards of water.000 (7. Approximately 30% of water costs were recovered through pricing in 2000 and the country is as of 2010 seeking to develop and implement cost recovery pricing. Water losses were 26% in 2010 and USD450million has been budgeted to address this. equivalent to poor and bad) and has been spreading towards river headwaters. Exemptions from the tax can be granted if the revenues are used to fund projects aimed at reducing water pollution. point sources of pollution of water have been improved.

This was the first BOT wastewater treatment contract to be awarded in central or Eastern Europe.99 15.13 31.35 8.63 84.14 76.28 32.39 54.total Waste water from households Untreated Waste water treatment .60 18.64 70.02 77. Private sector contracts awarded (Please see the relevant company entry for details) Location Contract Company Kranjska Gora 15 year wastewater concession WTE Bled 25 year BOT WTE Laško 25 year BOT WTE Maribor 25 year wastewater concession Aquasystems Private sector company operations (Please see the relevant company entry for details) Company Parent company (country) Population served Water Sewerage Total Aquasystems Suez (France)/Aquaplus (Austria) 0 190.48 40.42 77.33 24. tertiary) Ilirska Bistrica (9.000 190.000 people).63 27.REPUBLIC OF SLOVENIA 3 PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS Wastewater treatment and discharge (million m ) 2003 125.83 58.500 196 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .95 74.82 104.98 18.16 2004 128.31 94.51 0. secondary).99 2006 148.35 33.000PE.56 41.77 66.78 68.98 38. Sežana (6. Slovenia‘s second largest city.250PE.02 70.19 2008 156.15 2007 153. Izola (30.total Primary treatment Secondary treatment Tertiary treatment Source: Statistical office of the Republic of Slovenia Wastewater treatment plans in the Adriatic Sea basin are concentrating on six plants and their sewerage systems: Koper (50.000 WTE EVN (Austria) 0 24. secondary) and Pivka (3.15 26.22 Waste water . PSP progress A 25 year concession contract was awarded to Suez and Aquaplus for a sewage treatment works serving the city of Maribor (190. tertiary) and Piran (30.500 24.500PE. secondary).81 114.000PE.000PE.54 8.12 23.30 72.80 61.30 28.66 2005 143. tertiary).80 81.66 114.000PE.57 44.

Basic water services are defined as 25L potable water within 200m on a sustainable basis. Urban Population 2010 (million) 2025 (million) Urbanisation in 2010 Urbanisation by 2025 Water as white gold? The 1956 Water Act is regarded as having applied the rules of the well-watered countries of Europe to the arid and variable climate of South Africa.155 37. The Water Affairs and Forestry Department's water services budget will fall to ZAR400million in 2007/8 from ZAR2. As a consequence. The ongoing programme has completely changed the water supply and sanitation profile of the South African population. Investment by the Government was related entirely to political patronage.084 61. some of the largest interbasin transfer schemes in the world have been developed. An estimated ZAR20billion of water resource infrastructure has been built by the Government. This involves local governments taking over operating and capital costs when the schemes still operated by the department are transferred to municipalities by the end of 2006. According to the UN‘s JMP.63billion) National Water Resource Strategy was adopted in 2004. Water resources and distribution South Africa is a semi-arid country with unevenly distributed rainfall (43% of the rains fall on 13% of the land) and with high annual variability and unpredictability. management or capital costs. By contrast sanitation was 47% in 1994 and in 2003 it was 61%.97% 89% 78% 10% 197 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . Targets for universal coverage slip away South Africa has set the target of ensuring access by everybody to water services by 2008. See the country entry for Lesotho for the Highlands Water Project.770 USD10.060 3% 31% 66% Devolution of power and funding seen The Government aims to transfer its water supply and sanitation activities to municipalities by 2006. the largest example of this kind. The Department did not regard itself as responsible for ensuring that citizens had a water supply and indeed had no political mandate for such responsibility.70% 68.3billion in 2003/4. with 78% of urban dwellers being connected to the sewerage network. to allow for a more efficient management of the country's water resources. with 89% of urban and 32% of rural properties having piped water. surrounding Johannesburg.SOUTH AFRICA PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS SOUTH AFRICA Economics (2009) GDP per capita GDP per capita (PPP) GDP in Agriculture GDP in Industry GDP in Services USD5. and address water shortages. Urban Data Served by piped water Access to sewerage With sewage treatment 31. Official data indicates much progress has been made. 84% of urban dwellers were seen as having access to improved sanitation. along with 65% of rural dwellers. The industrial heartland of the country. A ZAR21billion (EUR2. and sanitation services by 2010. The previous regime was characterised by a marked reluctance to ascribe a value to water resources. namely in 1994 access to basic water supply was 59% and in 2003 it is now 76%. Sanitation services are defined as being safe and hygienic. is situated in an arid zone. in 2008 99% of urban dwellers and 78% of rural dwellers had access to safe drinking water. The policy and functions of the Department of Water Affairs and Forestry prior to the 1994 elections were constrained exclusively to water resource management. for users who do not pay for their operational.

5billion (EUR471million) in cutting the number of people without access to safe water supplies from 14million to 7million. Where local government fails to perform its function. To date. The role of PSP has been left to state governments: it remains too politically contentious to be dealt with. The Department of Water Affairs and Forestry (DWAF) manages water resources and seeks to ensure that all people have an adequate water supply and sanitation service. 3 The 2001 Free Water Policy. thus one well-constructed Ventilated Improved Pit (VIP) per household is the minimum requirement. Larger water users are now being managed on an economic basis. Between 1994-2001. The free basic water policy currently extends to 26million people (66% of those served) and is being expanded to 29million (77%) in the medium term. in terms of the norms and standards described in the Government's policy. four relatively small and local PSP projects have been advanced. capital spending is needed to reduce wastage and to deliver a perceived improvement in water quality and service. Groundwater Annual availability (1998) Per capita Annual withdrawal (1980) Domestic Industrial Agriculture 4. While water rights remain in Central Government hands. but it is preventing rural investment since cost recovery is unfeasible. guaranteeing 6m of free water per person per month may be populist. One has been for a tourist area (SAUR and Dolphin Coast).SOUTH AFRICA PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS Reforming water provision The Water Services Act (1997) and National Waters Act (1998) have been designed to provide for the equitable distribution of water resources upon the principles of sustainability and economic prudence. Household connections will not be considered as part of the basic infrastructure because conventional sewerage is not regarded a viable.6% 5.8% The economics of equitable provision and PSP The South African Municipal Workers' Union (SAMWU) and the Communist Party.80km³ 3 108m 2km³ 10. part of the ANC–led Government are ideologically opposed to PSP per se.6% 83. This envisages resource reviews every five years and catchment management.9m 31% 6% 63% Tariffs need to remain affordable and at the same time. The National Water Resources Strategy (NWRS) was published in 2002. they are now to be ascribed with an economic worth and can be operated by the private sector.5km 3 264m 3 27. the DWAF is empowered to take direct action to strengthen local government and temporarily perform the functions of local government. Responsibility for water supply lies with local governments. one for a municipality (Biwater and Nelspruit) and two are for 198 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . the post Apartheid government spent ZAR4. reflecting a gradualist stance by various parties. Freshwater Freshwater withdrawal (2000) Per capita Percentage withdrawn (2000) Domestic (2000) Industrial (2000) Agriculture (2000) Water and sewerage services (2000) Inadequate sanitation No potable water Inside lavatories Outside lavatories Pit latrines Bucket system Informal 51% 29-34% 48% 17% 28% 4% 1% 3 12. The Government‘s aim to provide universal services are on the basis of 25L of safe treated water per person per day at a maximum distance of 200m from the dwelling.

The consortium will invest ZAR150million in the next five years to improve water and sanitation in the town. uses 3% of salary bill for staff training and has encouraged staff share ownership.000 Company 199 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .000 54. billing arrears of more than ZAR20million needs to be dealt with.554. The consortium pays the council ZAR1.000 1. train and transfer) for rural areas (WSSA in the Eastern Cape and Northern Province).000 3.127. Since the concession award.000 335. In addition.000 1. The JV is run by Biwater (40%) and Sivukile Investments (60%).000 2. but has subsequently seen demand rise by just 5% in 2002.000 1.068.637.000 Status Some O&M outsourcing Private sector involvement under consideration N/A N/A Corporatisation of water provision in progress N/A N/A N/A A full concession .000 1. The overriding concern for the city is to provide basic water services to the 92. The concession is worth ZAR350million for the running of the council‘s water and sanitation services. Plans for a concession for Cape Town have been postponed.000 1.313.25million a year for monitoring the process. with an increase in tariff collection from 75% to 97%.670.000 3.241. This is the first municipal deal for privatised water and sanitation in South Africa.Nelspruit The concession for Nelspruit water services was agreed in early 1999 after 28 months of negotiations. Distribution losses have fallen from 30% to 16%. (2) standpipe with VIP.000 3.000 Siza Water Sembcorp (Singapore) 54.222.219.202. per household.000 4. operate. the borough of Dolphin Coast (56.879.SOUTH AFRICA PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS BOTTs (build. USD172million of investments are to be made during the life of the concession. WSSA (Suez) served a total of 2. Future challenges include further enlargement of the municipal area and a pricing policy. per household and (4) full water connection and flush toilet. Two former townships and six peripheral urban areas have been incorporated into Greater Nelspruit. Customers choose from four levels of service: (1) Community has own service (no service from Siza Water).000 1.000 people) awarded a 30 year concession to SAUR‘s Siza Water. MAJOR CITIES City Cape Town Johannesburg East Rand Pretoria Durban Satolburg Port Elizabeth Vereeniging 2010 3.000 residents. Nelspruit 30 year water and sewerage concession Metsi a Sechaba Queenstown 10 year BOTT concession – ended WSSA Fort Beaufort 10 year BOTT concession – ended WSSA Siza Water: A tourist resort concession In 1999.405.824.000 informal households that are currently without such services.000 3.000 2025 3.429. it has increased the number of employees.000 1. Private sector company operations (Please see the relevant company entry for details) Company Parent company Population served (country) Water Sewerage Total Metsi a Sechaba Sembcorp (Singapore) 335.143. Siza Water forecast a 40-50% increase in service demand after the contract award. This concession is seen as a battleground by the anti PSP lobby and thus it remains contentious irrespective of its actual performance. which is based on cost reduction and cost recovery rather than a pro-poor policy.000 54.614.000 1. Residents may start at level 2 and upgrade to 3 or 4 as affordability levels improve. Most of the people have not yet enjoyed regular running water. (3) 200L water tank and septic tank. A five year Johannesburg Greater Metropolitan Council management contract was awarded to Suez. or acceptable sanitation services. operation and maintenance targets are on track.5million people through a variety of management and technical assistance contracts. Private sector contracts awarded (Please see the relevant company entry for details) Location Contract Company Dolphin Coast 30 year water and sewerage concession Siza Water Co. Progress on the deal will be reviewed by the council in five years. covering all of Greater Nelspruit's 260.000 335.

Bridging the gap: greater understanding between public and private sectors will extract the best from both – what could this mean for Africa‘s water sector? Water 21. London. Africa Energy Forum. 200 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .SOUTH AFRICA PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS Source: M Pillay & G Moloi (2002). July 2002.

Management and politics The main problem for those seeking to modernise the management of Spain's water resources is that the great disparities in water availability and need means that regional interests will continue to block plans to integrate its water management.61% Development of sewerage infrastructure In comparison to most of the major western economies. The table below highlights that. Segura. Eastern Pyrenees. Spain‘s sewerage and sewage treatment infrastructure remains at an undeveloped stage.2billion m³ pa (16%) would come via groundwater. Segura and Jucar. Distribution losses have exacerbated these regional problems.0billion m³ pa by 2010.714 77. Overall. given the undeveloped state of the system prior to the end of the Franco regime in 1976. But the long-term problem areas. The first national survey was carried out in 1990 and was based on informal data. Urban sewage treatment Population served Tertiary treatment Secondary treatment Primary treatment None 1975 0% 7% 7% 86% 1980 0% 16% 13% 71% 201 1990 4% 38% 11% 47% 2000 15% 65% 8% 12% 2005 27% 65% 1% 7% 2008 51% 37% 4% 8% Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .870 USD31. Water is both unevenly distributed and rainfall is markedly seasonal. A 1999 survey of rivers. 78% were good to excellent quality. using 489 data points found 45% to be of good to excellent quality.40% 80. Plans for 17 desalination plants at a cost of EUR3.SPAIN PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS SPAIN Economics (2009) GDP per capita GDP per capita (PPP) Agriculture Industry Services Water quality and resources Survey information is relatively poor at present. or 850L/day per capita. Guadalquivir. with a projected deficit of 6. In Andalusia and Extremadura there are regular supply limitations during the summer. Supply efficiency for irrigation projects is in the region of 40%. especially when it comes to monitoring water quality.8billion as an alternative water source for the southern areas of Spain are under consideration. What are known as the nine hydrographic confederations (river basin agencies) are seen as impotent. 21% fair to poor quality and 1% bad quality. million) In urban areas (2010) In urban areas (2025) USD31. especially along the Mediterranean coast. Andalusia. There have been plans for an overall increase in water availability of 20. Urban Population Total (2010. In 2009. These occur in the eastern Pyrenees. 18.630 3% 29% 68% 35. million) Total (2025. The shortfall for the Balearic and Canary Islands is to be tackled via new desalination plants. the Balearic and Canary Islands. while the urban water network has distribution losses of 25% in 2000.5million people live in areas of water stress. 42% of fair to poor quality and 13% to be of bad quality.7billion m³ pa will remain. It found 40% of rivers to be of Class I – II/III (good to fair) and 60% to be of Class III – IV (fair to bad) quality. southern Spain. Demand for urban and industrial water by 2010 is expected to be 15billion m³ pa. against losses of 32% in 1990.073 39. Water shortages are a widespread concern. of which 3. the country has in fact made appreciable strides towards modernisation. Guadalquivir. The National Hydrological Plan proposed in 2000 was abandoned following the Socialist Party winning the 2004 elections.

Aguas de Valencia (33% held by Suez) has been gaining a number of small contracts in recent years. A further drought in 1999 has concentrated minds again. Private sector progress was limited during the Franco era. 1995-05 budgeted EUR11. with tariffs covering 40% of operating costs. Spain considered developing a water market to encourage external investment and open the market up for more PSP while restricting the role of the state. Groundwater Total recharge (1998. there is an inverse relationship between water scarcity and price. In September 1999.0 22% 78% 202 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .510 288 59 Public 5. At the time. the implementation of a national hydrological plan to provide a long-term solution to the problem of Spain's scarce and unequally-distributed water remains as contentious as at any point over the past decade. The law will also make obligatory the metering of water used for irrigation and creates a regulatory framework for new waterconservation schemes such as desalination and the use of grey water on parks and golf courses. the legislation allows for the establishment of water banks. 25% coming from EU grants.000 50. Generally speaking.4billion in spending. At the same time. Spain's parliamentary environment committee used fast-track procedures to approve new legislation designed to improve water conservation. Many municipally held entities in the water short regions of southern Spain continue to provide water at a loss.224 208 56 3 99% 98% 94% 37. Dragados entered the water and sewerage market in 1991. Effective competition has only emerged since 1991. it has made steady inroads. which will allow the Spanish Government to redirect water resources to priority sectors of need. Ferrovial. The effect of this work can be seen in the improvement of inland waters (physico-chemical quality): Urban Data Served by piped water Access to sewerage With sewage treatment Making a market for water In 1997. m ) Withdrawals (1990km³) For domestic/industry (<1990) For agriculture (<1990) 20. In addition. but since 1976. FCC and Aguas de Barcelona (now Suez Environnement) were the only private sector players until 1985. Acciona and Gruppo ACS are also building up portfolios of contracts. The reform creates a market in water with the aim of rationalising the use of resources by allowing water rights to be bought and sold. Freshwater Freshwater withdrawal (2002) Per capita Percentage withdrawn (2000) Domestic (2000) Industrial (2000) Agriculture (2000) Structure of market – contracts in 2000 Population Up to 10.SPAIN PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS The proportion of Spain‘s population connected to sewerage services increased from 18% in 1980 to 86% in 2000.7 521 6. this was in response to the drought of 1995 and 1996. after which Aguas de Barcelona has gained some 50% of all contracts.000-50.000 10. thus the temporary respite offered in 1997 and 1998 eased political pressure for reform.000+ Private 2.22km 3 846m 3 32m 13% 19% 68% Private sector involvement dates back to Aguas de Barcelona‘s original water provision contract in 1911. as seen in California. The National Sewerage and Wastewater Plan. having been responsible for approximately 30% of Spain‘s water and sewerage construction work since 1951. km³) 3 Per capita (1998.

000.000 2.6000.000 350. It has consistently been under the direct ownership of the municipality and operates as a corporatised entity.5million for 1999.000 Valencia 814.851.000 560.000 6. which are distinct from their municipalities.000.000 Pridesa .000 Status Aguas de Barcelona Corporatised.862.000 2025 5.000 Urbaser Grupo ACS (Spain) 3.000 270.010.000 100.000 270.600.Ondagua Acciona (Spain) 677. Madrid‘s Canal Isabella II‘s sewerage services have for some time been considered for a PPP.000 6.000 220.500. Paris.000 Ferroser Ferrovial (Spain) 350.000 837. CI II serves 4.000 650.000 Source: OECD Environmental Performance Review: Spain. even if held by them. MAJOR CITIES Population 2010 Barcelona 5.000 Madrid 5.000 6.000 700.000 FCC FCC (Spain) 7. Aguas de Sabadell is a semi private company formed for water provision services to the municipality of Sabadell.000 Aguas de Barcelona Suez (France) 12.000 13.000 Aguas de Valencia AgVal / Suez (France) 2. Currently.000 6.000 6.380. Many water and sewerage services are currently being run at a loss by municipalities.000 Sacyr Sacyr (Spain) 834. Pamplona and Santander have formed their water provision and sewerage companies into separate entities. The company gained the final Province of Buenos Aires regional concessions in Argentina in 1999. Agbar believes that it has 55% of the private sector.000 Iberner Acciona (Spain) 270.6million people for water and 3.1 people for sewerage and is financed through internal cash generation and syndicated loans for longer term capital spending work.083.000 350.500. The municipalities of Bilbao.000 EMALSA / Gestagua SAUR (France) 1. Tarragona.040. PSP for sewerage planned Aguas de Valencia Private sector contracts awarded (Please see the relevant company entry for details) Location Contract Company Albacte Water and sewerage concession Aguas de Barcelona Cadiz Water treatment Canal de Isabell II L‘Ampolla Water and sewerage concession Aguas de Valencia Masalfassar Water and sewerage concession Aguas de Valencia Oviedo Water and sewerage concession FCC Sabadell 50 year water provision concession Aguas de Sabadell Salamanca Water and sewerage concession FCC Valladiod Water and sewerage concession Aguas de Barcelona Only selected recent contract gains above are included.412. some sewerage O&M work is carried out by 11 private companies through a series of 4 year contracts.040.862. Comphana de Aguas de Grande Bilbao is a consortium of 48 Basque town councils.000 1.000 9.172.000 15.200. OECD. Private sector company operations (Please see the relevant company entry for details Company Parent company Population served (country) Water Sewerage Total 9.000 873. The consortium is looking at contracts in Uruguay.SPAIN PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS Corporatised entities Canal de Isabel II (CI II) was founded in 1851 to provide Madrid with water.000 OHL OHL (Spain) 300. Argentina and Morocco and had a budget of EUR104.010.477. 2004 203 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .

In contrast. Sweden has some 800. cleaning and car washing. Where the water is delivered by the municipality the households pay for distribution and treatment of water and wastewater at cost. with entities such as Stockholm Water being forbidden from seeking international PSP contracts despite their service delivery record at home and the high regard in which their consulting work abroad is held. In the case where the water is delivered by the municipality.3billion m pa.SWEDEN PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS SWEDEN Economics (2009) GDP per capita GDP per capita (PPP) GDP in Agriculture GDP in Industry GDP in Services A purist approach Given that the water flowing from Stockholm into the sea is regarded as fit to drink. it is evident that environmental compliance in Sweden follows the country‘s singularly purist agenda rather than allowing itself to be held back by the ambitions of other nations. The total volume of fresh water used is 3. The country remains understandably content to plough its own furrow and is set to remain committed to municipal water ownership and management for the short-term.560 2% 27% 71% 7. Overall. 15% and dishwashing 20%. but larger ones are in the public domain. sanitation.930 USD38. the delivery and the treating of wastewater at cost price.7m 37% 54% 9% 3 . 2002 Water provision There is no shortage of fresh water in Sweden. The use of fresh water in households in 1994 was as follows: personal hygiene. 20%.52% 0% 100% 100% 100% 2. This approach has been a twin edged sword commercially. Nearly 100% of the drinking water from the urban municipality water plants is more or less treated. Freshwater Freshwater withdrawal (2002) Per capita Percentage withdrawn(2000) Domestic (2000) Industrial (2000) Agriculture (2000) Financing services Every landowner has the right to groundwater resources below his property and small lakes are likewise private. Urban Data Served by piped water Access to sewerage With sewage treatment Structure of ownership The 300 water suppliers in Sweden are either municipalities or municipally owned and have a monopoly in their respective areas. cooking. 5%. in Sweden official water distribution losses are seen as being in the region of 20-22%.578 84. laundry.000 private wells. the industry will pay for the production of water. The water and sewerage sectors are seen as parts of the municipalities.68% 86.68km 296m 3 1. almost all cost for water production. In addition. delivery and wastewater treatment are currently 204 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 3 3 USD48. For agricultural use there is no pricing policy.870 8. Urban Population 2010 (million) 2025 (million) Urbanisation in 2010 Urbanisation by 2025 In urban agglomerations. 10%. 30%.

0km³ 3 2. although there is no plan for the recycling of wastewater.245m 0.6km³ 92% 8% 0% Tertiary Secondary Primary Sewerage only Not connected 100% of urban sewage is treated. removing 95% of the phosphorous and 36% of the nitrogen loading respectively. The target is for 100% coverage in the medium term. 33% of urban wastewater was untreated and 34% received primary treatment. The proportion of the population connected to sewerage services increased from 82% in 1980 to 93% in 1995.000 1. water and wastewater VE A number of local O&M contracts were undertaken with local companies on a trial basis in the late 1980s and early 1990s.000 808. The objective is to reach full cost recovery and for municipal services.000 PSP currently ruled out 778. An area of concern is the extent of combined foul and storm water sewerage. accounting for 25% of the sewerage network in some areas.15 10.SWEDEN PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS recovered through pricing policies already in force. Sweden had already more than satisfied the UWWTD with 95% of the population served by tertiary sewage treatment works. The general consensus is that there will not be a great change in the medium term. Private sector company operations (Please see the relevant company entry for details) Company Parent company (country) Population served Water Sewerage Total 50.29 20.000 Source: OECD Environmental Performance Review: Sweden.345. 1980 61% 20% 1% 0% 18% 1990 85% 9% 0% 1% 5% 1995 87% 6% 0% 0% 7% 2000 80% 5% 0% 0% 14% 2006 81% 5% 0% 0% 14% 2003 25. MAJOR CITIES City Stockholm Gutenberg 2010 2025 Comments 1.000 PSP currently ruled out Private sector contracts awarded (Please see the relevant company entry for details) Location Contract Company Nortel 10 year contract. Average household charges. 54% of all sewage undergoes advanced treatment. with 33% receiving secondary treatment. All of these are with Swedish companies such as Rang-Sells.86 14. In 2003. By 2000. OECD. six municipalities out of 289 had outsourced their water activities through management contracts.285. which awarded a contract to VE in 2002. 2000-2003 3 SEK / m 2000 Water & sewerage charge 21.17 Fixed charge Variable charge Groundwater Annual availability (2000) Per capita Annual withdrawal (1995) Domestic (1987) Industrial (1987) Agriculture (1987) Sewerage and sewage treatment In 1965. Slaska and NCC with the exception of Nortel.000 VE VE (France) 50.000 50. There are some 2. 2004 205 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . 99% cost recovery has been experienced since 2000.000 municipal sewage treatment works. In addition. The transformation in Sweden‘s sewage treatment services has been a dramatic one. Paris.

Since 2000. 55% of these effluents were recovered for agricultural use in 1994. most sewage treatment works were seen as being UWWTD compliant.5 and 1. There are some corporatised water services. By 1995.8billion pa range.SWITZERLAND PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS SWITZERLAND Sewerage runs like clockwork The proportion of the population connected to sewerage services increased from 70% in 1980 to 90% in 1990. Sewerage and sewage treatment 1980 41% 32% 0% N/A N/A 1990 62% 28% 0% 1% 9% 1995 71% 23% 0% 0% 6% 2000 74% 22% 0% 1% 3% 2005 77% 20% 0% 0% 3% Tertiary Secondary Primary Sewerage only Not connected Water services remain a public sector concern The municipalities own all sewerage services. and 97% of this is to at least secondary standard. 180 out of the 900 municipal sewage treatment works are regarded as being in need of upgrading or replacement.9billion. in that they were formed prior to 1950 and can have some private capital. Indeed.7 – 1. public spending on wastewater management has varied between CHF1. existing shares of water concerns in private hands continue to be purchased by the municipalities. while sewerage service charges seek to cover at least 90% of costs so as to encourage preventative measures. Water tariffs are intended to recover 60-80% of costs. 97-98% of urban domestic sewerage is treated. the water and sewerage sectors are seen as parts of the municipalities and in 1996. even though many lakes will fall into the sensitive waters category. Switzerland seeks to have 100% of urban effluents treated in the medium term. 206 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . it has been in the CHF1. From 1990 to 2002. which were typically formed between 1950 and 1970. However. Switzerland reaffirmed that PSP is not to be considered in the foreseeable future.

27% of the population who live in high density urban sectors use pit latrines which are in typically in a poor state of repair. The city has 35-40% distribution losses and provides 272. The majority of the waste collected in the sewage system is channelled to an ocean outfall without treatment. 207 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . Urban Data Served by piped water Access to sewerage With sewage treatment 11. but are considered better than no treatment. flawed outcomes The 20 year plan established in 1971 to bring universal access (within 400meters) to water has not been a success. 23% of urban households have piped water and 6% have sewerage.350 45% 17% 37% Good intentions. based upon universal water and sanitation access by 2025. In 1999. currently 14million. In 2005. while the middle classes use tankered water.2million litres per day in 2003.06% 32% 6% 8% Dar es Salaam has the oldest sewage system in the country. The ponds are capable of removing up to 70% of the BOD.000 connections. Iringa and Mbeya. The Government has attempted to treat part of the waste through waste stabilisation ponds.0 per m . leaving the water with a reasonable dissolved oxygen level. the Government launched a 10 year water plan to halve the number of people who do not have access to improved water supplies. Urban Population 2010 (million) 2025 (million) Urbanisation in 2010 Urbanisation by 2025 Services in Dar es Salaam In 1993. paying USD60 3 per 10m tanker load.38% 35.883 23. some 39% of the population. Access to water services Urban access Rural access 1986 65% 42% 2000 68% 49% 2003 73% 53% 2006 74% 54% 2008 80% 45% Access to sewerage in urban areas increased from 10% in 2000 to 17% in 2003 and it remained at 17% in 2006 rising to 32% for 2008. against a demand for 409. In July 2002. According to WaterAid. Approximately 35% of the city‘s sewage was treated and with 98.000 water meters as a first phase towards a water demand management and distribution loss identification strategy. the Cabinet approved a revised National Water Policy (NAWAPO). households in towns and cities are spending more time fetching water than they did in the mid 1990s. only 20% of Dar es Salaam's three million inhabitants have a sewerage connection. These are at best an interim measure.TANZANIA PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS TANZANIA Economics (2009) GDP per capita GDP per capita (PPP) GDP in Agriculture GDP in Industry GDP in Services USD500 USD1. Germany and the European Union are currently providing USD51million to provide safe drinking water to one million water users in Mwanza. This will cost USD1billion for capital spending.8million litres of water per day. Nine of these ponds have been set up in Dar es Salaam and several others in small municipalities. Vended 3 water costs TZS12/L or USD12.625 26. only 22% of households in Dar es Salaam were connected to piped water and 6% had sewerage services. indicating that population growth and urbanisation is almost outstripping infrastructure development. including a project to draw water from Lake Victoria at a cost of USD178million to supply the regions of Mwanza and Shinyanga. Dar es Salaam got a USD117million loan from the World Bank for the installation of 100.

Source: African Development Bank / OECD (2007) African Economic Outlook 208 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . WaterAid has found that villagers were willing to exchange 10-15% of their household cash income for water from these projects. WaterAid. Freshwater Freshwater withdrawal (2000) Per capita Percentage withdrawn (2000) Domestic (2000) Industrial (2000) Agriculture (2000) New approaches to rural needs In 1999 it was announced that after a series of field trials. the contract was cancelled by the Government. For example. In spite of the setback with City Water.0km 3 932m 2015 4. the UK water and sanitation charity provided potable water supply infrastructure to approximately 630.000 people.18km 3 135m 3 6. between 1983 and 1994. These pumps have a capacity of 5-2. The country has been largely dependent on international finance and aid agencies.TANZANIA PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS Rural scarcity remains the norm Much of Tanzania is characterised by extreme aridity and the need for water for basic agricultural development. On 13 May 2005.000 new customers had been gained in the previous two months. was enacted in 2003 as part of the Government's economic liberalisation programme to enable PSP.2m 10% 0% 89% 30. Groundwater Annual availability (1998) Per capita MAJOR CITIES City 2000 Dar es Salaam 2. of the USA was to provide up to USD30million of solar water pumps to the Tanzanian Ministry of Water and the Drilling and Dam Construction Agency. policies affecting the National Urban Water Authority (NUWA) / Dar es Salaam Water and Sewerage Authority (DAWASA) were changed to allow encourage cost recovery and the Dar es Salaam Water and Sewerage Authority (Dawasa) Act. They believe that water quality and quantity had improved and that 10. Although City Water admits works were behind schedule. Gauff Ingenieure (Germany) and Superdoll Trailer Manufacturers Ltd. began operations on 1 August 2003. (Tanzania). a joint venture of Biwater International (UK). In consequence.080.000 3 3 5. WorldWater Corp. Tanzania has made a series of allegations against City Water. which in turn believes it has a case against the Tanzanian Government for alleged breach of contract. …for a while City Water. the majority of which were planned for completion during the first five year period. the Government will continue to look to the private sector.115. In June 1996. it said it had offered to invest a further USD5million in 2006.000 gallons per minute and can be used for potable water and irrigation in rural areas.000 Status City Water contract terminated Urban services were outsourced… The Government‘s divestiture programme in 1993 concentrated on the PSP of commercial enterprises. the Parastatal Sector Reform Commission (PSRC) awarded a 10 year O&M contract for the water and sewerage services in Dar es Salaam to the Cascal led City Water.

64km 3 261m 3 62. For ONAS TND585million was budgeted for 2002-06. Sewerage costs are covered by a state subsidy. this contribution represented TND56million.82% 73.9m 14% 4% 82% Water is provided by the Société Nationale de Distribution des Eaux (Sonede). Urban Population Total 2010. The water and sanitation charges are split into a fixed part and a part which varies according to the volume of water consumed. Distribution losses in 1993 were 34% which fell to 18% in 2004. The fixed part is supposed to cover the cost of maintaining the network.720 USD7. some 65% of user charges. sanitation by the Office National de l‘Assainissement (ONAS) and the Government collects the taxes. 209 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .21% 2002 94% 77% 83% 35% 2006 100% 99% 92% 53% 2008 99% 94% 84% 39% 85% 70% 61% 25% The 11 Plan (2007-11) includes TND2888million to be spent on water and wastewater compared th with TND1975million for the 2002-06 10 Plan. The main challenge for Tunisia is the growing demand for irrigation water. million Total 2025. % Water % Sewerage 2006 % Sewage treated Freshwater Freshwater withdrawal (2000) Per capita Percentage withdrawn (2000) Domestic (2000) Industrial (2000) Agriculture (2000) 98% 81% 80% 3 2. Cost recovery for operating expenses is the norm and tariffs also cover some capital work. In 2004.636 67.TUNISIA PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS TUNISIA Economics (2009) GDP per capita GDP per capita (PPP) Agriculture Industry Services Water provision Effectively all households in urban areas are connected to the mains for potable water. compared with TND392million for 1997-01 and TND234million for 1992-96. The average household usage is 87L per day. In 2000. water and sewerage tariffs accounted for 0. This is being met in part by increasing irrigation fees by 400% between 1991 and 2003 and the rehabilitation and modernisation of the country‘s irrigation systems to incorporate water efficient techniques.93% of household spending.820 8% 30% 62% 6. million Urban areas (2010) Urban areas (2025) Access to improved water services 1994 Overall Access to water Household access Rural Access to water Household access th USD3. Deep boreholes account for 45% of drinking water.980 8. Urban Services. which currently is the same as renewable and available surface and groundwater resources.

208million m of waste water was collected.TUNISIA PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS Sewerage and sewage treatment In 2004.25million in 2005. representing 5. In urban areas.24 persons per household. MAJOR CITIES City 2010 Tunis 767.67million in 1994 to 1. The level of connection of households to the network rose from 60% in 1994 to 81% in 2006.000 Sources: Sihem Jebardi. A 25 year BOT concession remains under consideration.000 Status PSP mooted 210 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . of which 193million m was treated at 71 sewage treatment works. The European Investment Bank lent Tunisia EUR50million for encouraging the PSP of businesses and utilities in December 1998. ‗Water and Soil Management in Tunisia‘ presentation. the number of households connected to the ONAS network rose from 0. Sewage treatment development Million m pa 1995 1996 2001 2006 3 3 3 Plants 48 50 66 83 Capacity 135 140 175 185 Treated 111 120 155 165 PSP projects and prospects The Tunis West Water Treatment Project was designed to promote the participation of the private sector in the management and financing of the country‘s infrastructure.3million people on the basis of 4. Lund. 3 May 2005 African Development Bank / OECD (2007) African Economic Outlook rd 2025 911.

5m 15% 11% 74% Izmit had a troubled start because of the Turkish BOT award system delaying the start of the contract implementation process for nearly two years. Urban Population Total (2010. There is a high level of public support for privatisation.TURKEY PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS TURKEY Economics (2009) GDP per capita GDP per capita (PPP) Agriculture Industry Services USD8.78km 3 544m 3 16. the contract entered its 15 year operational phase. Since then. A reservoir supplies water to Izmit. The water treatment works is 5km downstream from the reservoir.730 9% 28% 63% Water shortages in recent years have become a widespread problem that has been exacerbated by rapid urbanisation. Urban services Safe drinking water Access to sewerage Sewage treated Sewerage and sewage treatment 1985 0% 0% 0% N/A N/A 1990 0% 1% 7% N/A N/A 3 52. million) In urban areas (2010) In urban areas (2025) PSP Turkey was one of the pioneers in the use of BOT contracts in the developing economies during the early 1980s. the three year construction phase has been completed and in 1999. but political opposition and legal problems remain. Izmit (bulk water provision) and Antalya (O&M. In this sense. It is widely expected that water privatisations will take place in the medium term. National plans are to decrease irrigation‘s proportion of water abstracted from 74% in 2008 to 64% by 2030 to accommodate a rise in industrial use. million) Total (2025. and has a capacity of 480million litres per day.728 66.316 69. connecting the reservoir to the city of Izmit. Turkish courts are responsible for the operation of BOT concessions whereby the courts have to clear each project and all objections to them. water and sewerage) are groundbreaking contracts. 41% of exploitable water resources are currently being used and Turkey plans to mobilise all potential resources by 2023. This makes life difficult for international finance.730 USD13. 211 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . whereby some form of independent international arbitration would be more attractive.91% 98% 95% 40% Tertiary Secondary Primary Sewerage only Not connected 1995 0% 4% 9% 50% 38% 2000 3% 14% 9% 36% 38% 2005 3% 21% 12% 32% 32% 2008 12% 19% 15% 27% 27% Freshwater Freshwater withdrawal (2001) Per capita Percentage withdrawn(2000) Domestic (2000) Industrial (2000) Agriculture (2000) Izmit 39. The reservoir has a capacity of 60billion litres with an annual yield of 142billion litres.65% 75. the surrounding towns and villages and to Istanbul. The treatment facilities cost USD100million to build. The project involved 100km of pipeline being built.

000 Izmit Su As RWE (Germany) 1. Bursa. In 2001. MAJOR CITIES Population Istanbul Ankara Izmir Bursa Adana Gaziantep Antalya Konya 2010 10. Fethiye. 35%). a capacity which 3 3 will be increased to 0.906. km ) 3 Per capita (2000.000 1.000 1. The two treatment plants entered service in 2004 and will be 3 operated by VA Tech until 2007. These investments are reflected in their respective holdings in Izmit Su As. Mitsui (Japan.361. 23%).000 1.591.224.906.5%). 7.0 3.000 1.000 Remondis S-Y Remondis (Germany) 0 4. USD803million of debt finance was arranged. 12%) and the remaining 15% by the Izmit municipality.000 2.52million m of wastewater per day by 2025.TURKEY PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS The project was 85% debt and 15% equity financed. Wastewater treatment operation Remondis-Sistem Izmir. serving up to 2. Balikesir & Malatya Yapi Private sector company operations (Please see the relevant company entry for details) Company Parent company (country) Population served Water Sewerage Total 535. km ) For domestic use (2000) For industry (2000) For agriculture (2000) Groundwater 3 Total recharge (1998.000 3. the city awarded MVV (Germany) a 2 year water leakage management contract.000 Status Bulk water and wastewater PPP N/A PSP under consideration PSP under consideration Short-term WWTW BOT N/A PSP with Suez N/A Private sector contracts awarded (Please see the relevant company entry for details) Location Contract Company Antalya 10 year O&M for water and sewerage ANTSU Istanbul 9 year wastewater DBO WTE Izmit 15 year concession.000 4.000 838. Gama (Turkey.000. the operating company.00 314 6.000 1.723. m ) 3 Withdrawals (1990.000. bulk water Izmit Su SA Antalya. The city had no wastewater treatment facilities until a BOT contract was signed in 2001 with a consortium headed by VA Tech Wabag (Austria) funded through a EUR45million EIB loan.000 212 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .000 0 4.000 2. km ) 3 Per capita (1998.5%). m ) 3 Withdrawals (2000.000 2025 12.3 43% 0% 57% Adana – a short-term wastewater treatment BOT Adana had a population of 1.4million m of wastewater per day by 2015 and 0.6million people.341.000 1. km ) For domestic use (1990) For industry (1990) For agriculture (1990) 196.109.525.000 3.171 37.000 ANTSU Suez (France) 535. Guris (Turkey.000 1.22million in 2003.186.000 WTE Energie (Austria) 0 2.588. USD140million of equity finance was provided by Thames Water (UK.000 1.5 15% 11% 74% 20.000.000. Freshwater 3 Total (1998.200.200.000 1. They can treat 0.000 978.022.635. Sumitomo (Japan.2million m of wastewater per day.000 535.108. 7.

Denmark 213 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .TURKEY PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS Source: EEA (2010) Freshwater (Poland) The state and impacts. European Environment Agency. SOER 2010. Copenhagen.

5billion.5billion in 1992 to UGX21. arrears have built up by an average of some UGX5billion pa. Jinja and Entebbe. an attempt had been made to improve revenue collection by privatising that department in late 1997. Gulu. Mbarara. was contracted to manage the Kampala Revenue Improvement Project (KRIP). Having started off in Kampala.200million. NWSC has extended its services to cover Masaka. Urban Population 2010 (million) 2025 (million) Urbanisation in 2010 Urbanisation by 2025 Commercialising the NWSC In 1987. With international credit guaranteed by the Government (but lent to NWSC at commercial interest rates). by 1985. which also oversees the overall management of Uganda‘s water resources.5billion in 1996 and operational expenditure rose from UGX5. which. NWSC therefore relied on government subsidies. Lira. due to the cost of servicing its accumulated debt. since 1993. which in most cases have been inadequate. The NWSC was expected to strengthen measures for cost recovery. Reform programme 214 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 USD460 USD1.604 13. Water and sanitation service provision in rural areas and smaller urban centres is run by the Government‘s Directorate of Water Development. Kampala had its water treatment works capacity expanded to meet the demand up to 1998. The NWSC has seen seven phased performance enhancement programmes since William Muhairwe took over as Managing Director in November 1998. The collection of bills ranged between 60% and 100%. In consequence. with NWSC attaining an operating profit in three of those five years. Kasese. since they did not take into account the NWSC‘s debt.190 38% 30% 32% 4. is charged at the full rate of interest. Fort Portal. Revenues increased from UGX5. the Ugandan Government liberalised the economy. It was formed in 1972. By 1997. NWSC rehabilitated water and sewerage systems in nine major towns.UGANDA PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS UGANDA Economics (2009) GDP per capita GDP per capita (PPP) GDP in Agriculture GDP in Industry GDP in Services The NWSC The National Water and Sewerage Corporation (NWSC) are responsible for water provision to Uganda‘s main urban areas. a German firm. The water supply systems in the urban centres operated at less than 10% of capacity. NWSC lost UGX4.P Gauff. service coverage in the area served by NWSC had improved to about 50%. Urban data Served by piped water Access to sewerage With sewage treatment Reforming the NWSC In 1998. H. providing services for about two hours a day. Until 1987 there were no formal measures to recover water fees.89% 19% 10% 17% .493 9.0billion to UGX19. In Kampala. Subscribers thus had to purchase untreated water from vendors. and become fully self-financing in its operations. operation and maintenance work and capital spending have been minimal except where directly supported by donor agencies. In consequence. Tororo and Mbale. but KRIP has been hampered by lack of administrative support. for the provision of urban water and sewerage services. nor an effective charging system. These were interim measures.30% 17. Paid for water increased from 3-5% in the mid-eighties to 30% in 1993 and levelled off at 40% for the next three years.

8% in 2005 to 29.8m 43% 17% 40% In 2005/06 six water systems were completed.6billion in 2004. The second Government of Uganda contract (GoU) has emphasised the internal delegation of management responsibilities.UGANDA PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS Programme 100 Days SEREP I SEREP II GoU Contract I GoU Contract II Duration Feb 1999 – May 1999 Aug 1999 – Jan 2000 Mar 2000 – Aug 2000 Sep 2000 – Nov 2003 Dec 2003 – Ndombolo ya Solo.3% by 2006.90) is payable by customers living further from the pipe. there were 112.30km 3 10m 3 0. Tariffs were not increased between 1994 and 2004. In 2006.000 in 2005/06. The total investment requirements for achieving the Water Supply and Sanitation (WSS) MDGs range from USD1. with an average of 2.5million) in 2001 to UGX12.475 12/12 Customers living within 50metres from the NWSC main water pipe are to be connected free of charge.40 per m . equivalent to EUR0. This is part of a programme to replace water vending with direct access to standpipes. on the basis of increased water demand and network efficiency work. Service coverage in the NWSC towns improved from 67% in June 2005 to 70% in June 2006.000 (EUR23.412 3/12 1999 53% 37% 80% 5. Funding comes from both the Government of Uganda and donors. Revenues increased from UGX21billion in 1998 to UGX42. as vendors 3 have been selling water on to people at EUR2. along with paying their monthly water bills directly to the corporation.000 new water connections in 2004/05 and 28. 17 out of 53 small towns were able to cover their operation and routine maintenance costs. Programme implementation UFW* – Kampala UFW* – others Meter coverage Connections pa Debt age (days) Staff/1000 connections Water connections Break even rate * . Litres / capita / day Production capacity Actual production Domestic sales 1998 197 123 60 2004 219 152 110 1997 60% 44% 70% 4.3billion (USD8million) in 2004.052 451 22 53.560 414 40 47.021 10/12 2004 38% 21% 93% 14. along with the construction of water systems a further 13 towns starting.873 accounts.000 new connections per month. the initial improvement programme addresses five areas: Bulk water and sewerage services.824 5/12 2001 39% 28% 89% 6.Unaccounted for water NWSC profits rose by 60%.27 per 3 m . the total spending on water and sanitation sector was UGX103billion.0048) to UGX11 (EUR0. 61% of 215 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .85billion.000 278 10 100. By the end of March 2005. A connection fee of UGX50. In 2005/06. The NWSC increased water tariffs by 10%. Freshwater Freshwater withdrawal (2002) Per capita Percentage withdrawn (2000) Domestic (2000) Industrial (2000) Agriculture (2000) 3 0.618 metered accounts and a total of 115.5billion to USD1. partly due to a simplified customer connection procedure.0053) per jerry can (20L) in August 2004. from UGX4. Subsequent programmes have addressed management efficiency and operational delivery.3billion (USD2.840 278 13 65. revenues. water distribution. with UFW falling from 33. with rewards for performance against service targets for each of NSWC‘s cities. cost reduction and customer care. from UGX10 (EUR0. along with and 22. including 32% for small towns and 16% for large towns.

317 37. 63% of the urban (NWSC) population has access to water services and 8% is connected to sewerage networks.839 7 92% 34% 100% 84 3. Lands and Environment stated in August 2000 that the Government plans to provide safe water and sanitation facilities to all Ugandans by 2015.3million people. the World Bank loaned Uganda USD48.000 2025 3. Suez carried out a two year management contract with NWSC between 2002 and 2004. NWSC performance profile Performance indicator Service coverage Total connections New connections per year Metered connections Staff per 1.5million for the Privatisation and Utility Sector Reform Project.559 25. while encouraging the PSP of them where appropriate.0 2008 72% 202. NWSC has 202.826 3.189.000 customers (rising by 25. 72% of the population of those towns were covered. MAJOR CITIES City 2010 Kampala 1. There have been some pilot projects using the private sector for community management in Jinja and Njeru and private sector involvement in arrears collection. Long-term plans The Minister for Water. with commercial customers paying a small premium. To date.4 Sewerage is now being developed.000 245. In January 2002.000 connections Collection efficiency NRW Metered accounts Annual revenues (UGX billion) Operating profit (UGX billion) 1998 48% 50. The Public Enterprises Reform and Divestiture (PERD) Statute No. 40% of the population had access to safe water and 30% had access to adequate sanitation. billing system and operate the water supply and sewerage systems in Kampala on an efficient and cost effective basis. Ondeo was awarded an O&M contract for various O&M services in Kampala. A suitable funding mechanism is currently being sought. By 2008.217 36 60% 60% 65% 21 -2.9 of 1993 seeks to reform and divest public enterprises.750 per m while it was UGX1. A sewerage development object has been drawn up by the NWSC in 2005. Total subscribers stood at 15. The NWSC and politicians support some degree of PSP and the current state of legislation is regarded as being adequate to take this forward. The water tariff is weighted towards affordability.561 in 2010 or 6. the NWSC has yet to be formally included in the asset sale process. extend water metering. Management is now focussing on small scale contracts and contract performance. This contract was viewed as a trial for greater PSP.598. There were 26 water treatment plants and 22 wastewater treatment plants in operation in 2010. In 2002.UGANDA PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS which was financed by donors. In 2000. with the network being doubled in 2009-10. serving 23 towns with a total population of 4.000 per annum).8 2010 74% 246. The contract seeks to reduce losses and waste from the water distribution system.519 for domestic customers and UGX982 for public standpipes. improve the customer data base. which will cost EUR190million.259 23. PSP prospects Private sector involvement is in line with the NWSC statute.000 201. This project is designed to improve the efficiency of utility operations. with individual bonus and penalty systems for managers. generating revenues of UGX84billion. with asset sales typically linked to a market listing.5% of the population. but decided not to seek to renew it when it expired in February 2004. 47% of the Medium Term Expenditure Framework (MTEF) allocation for water and sanitation was spent on urban water supply and sanitation. No 7 of 1995.000 Status N/A 216 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .103 6 100% 33% 100% 113 9. The World Bank and the ODA have been involved with the NWSC in the development of proposals for the contracting out of water and sanitation services. 3 The average 2010 tariff was UGX1.

Uganda 3 29.UGANDA PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS Local companies Private-sector firms operate under contract to local and central governments for O&M services to water users in small towns that have piped water. By 2010. Strategies and challenges of improving water and sanitation service delivery – a case of National Water and Sewerage Corporation. Istanbul. Performance Improvement Programmes. th presentation to the 5 World Water Forum. Uganda African Development Bank / OECD (2007) African Economic Outlook Muhairwe W T (2009) Fostering Improved Performance through Internal Contractualisation. Africa Energy Forum. WSS Services Groundwater Annual availability (1998) Per capita Sources: W T Muhairwe (2002). serving 600. 23-24 February 2005. NWSC. In 2006.360m 217 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . Irumu and Associates Jowa Engineering Services Kalebu Ltd. Karachi. Six private water operators responsible for water supply in 34 towns in Uganda formed the Association of Private Water Operators in Uganda (APWOUganda) in 2003. Since 1994. Annual report 2009-2010. Managing Water Supply and Sanitation in Large Cities and Urban Areas WSP Workshop. Bright Technical Services George and Company Ltd. NSWC. London. Water 21. these operators have connected 191.000.000 and 15. the case of NWSC – Uganda. Uganda. W T Muhairwe (2005). Turkey.0km 3 1. March 2009 NSWC (2010) National Water and Sewerage Corporation. July 2002. Kampala. Pakistan NWSC (2005) Review of Performance for the Period July 2004 – March 2005.000 people in 50 towns. Kikaaya Investments Trandint Ltd.000 people to water services. household connection rates in small towns are 35% where operated by the state and 65% when operated by the private sector. These urban centres are small towns with populations between 5. there were 11 member companies. Kampala. Able Holdings Bika Limited Bisons Ltd.

0 and 16. this remains some way away.000 100.46million times against 89.000 – 300. The biggest fall has been in industrial usage. with an average age of about 25 years. million Total 2025. Although cost recovery has been an official aim since 1998.000 50.000 – 100. about 80% of wastewater treated is subject to secondary treatment. with 94% of drinking water samples meeting health standards. with a fall from 47% in 1997 to 44% by 2001.000 10.27 per person. with industry accounting for 49% of use in 2008 against 26% for agriculture and 23% for domestic water supply. while in smaller towns.000 people. Urban Population Total 2010. Odesvodokanal is a case in point about the economics of non-cost recovery.158 per m .9 months between 1997 and 2001. The Odessa utility‘s 3 960. Total water usage in 2008 was 15billion m compared with 38billion m in 1990. % Water % Sewerage 2006 % Sewage treated 3 3 31. the average is at about 45%. with the average duration for collecting bills varying between 11. Many of these plants only operate to primary treatment standard due to lack of maintenance and the need for chemicals and power. In 2001.UKRAINE PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS UKRAINE Economics (2009) GDP per capita GDP per capita (PPP) Agriculture Industry Services USD2. Some improvement in unaccounted water levels has been noted. followed by agriculture.252 30.79% 73. In cities with a population above 100. Due to a lack of revenues (low charges and low bill collection rates) the Odesvodokanal utility was put into liquidation in 2006. 2008 Water . million Urban areas (2010) Urban areas (2025) Cost recovery and realities Billed revenues for Ukraine from centralised water and wastewater services accounted for EUR507million in 2001. the average water delivery is for 17 hours per day.000 – 50. implying an average monthly spending of USD1. with water fees rising 16 times more than other consumer goods and services (1.000m per day water treatment works were rehabilitated between 1997 and 2001. Tariffs in 2001 for water and wastewater were the 3 equivalent of USD0.598 68. Water usage has stabilised since 2004.household connection Sewerage connection Urban 87% 97% Rural 25% 10% Most wastewater treatment plants were built between 1960 and 1980. Service connections.000 Water 88% 92% 75% 74% Sewerage 81% 85% 48% 45% Distribution loss 27% 32% 34% 23% In urban areas. billings received met 77% of operating costs for water and wastewater services. Urban Services.52% 87% 70% 20% 218 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .190 10% 52% 38% Water and sewerage connections in urban areas Size of urban area >300.000 times) between 1992 and 2001.800 USD6.

453. Caucasus and Central Asia. Social Protection.000 people.000 2025 967.UKRAINE PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS Freshwater Freshwater withdrawal (2000) Per capita Percentage withdrawn (2000) Domestic (2000) Industrial (2000) Agriculture (2000) Private sector responses 37. The city was selected because it charges for its services on a cost recovery basis and is financially self-sufficient. OECD.000 1.444. and Public Participation in Urban Water Sector Reform in Eastern Europe.000 2.7m 12% 35% 52% 3 The first international loan for a water or wastewater project did not take place until May 1999.000 1. France OECD (2004) Affordability.000 775. the water and sewerage entity serving the city of Zaporizhzhia‘s 500. The EBRD has lent EUR26.000 966.000 Status N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 219 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . Paris.004.011.009.915.000 1.000 2.000 758.53km 3 807m 3 70. DEPA / DANCEE.805.000 1. Denmark OECD (2004) Urban Water Reform in Eastern Europe. OECD.000 941. The loan is being used to upgrade the city‘s water and sewage treatment works to improve the quality of the city‘s drinking water and to ease discharges into the Dnieper basin. France 2010 1. Copenhagen. Caucasus and Central Asia: Progress Since the Almaty Ministerial Conference. Paris.5million to Zaporizhzhia Vodokanal. MAJOR CITIES City Dnipropetrovsk Donetsk Kharkiv Kyiv (Kiev) Odesa Zaporizhzhya Sources: DEPA (2003) Environmental Financing Strategy for the Municipal Water and Wastewater Sectors in the Ukraine.

The emphasis has been shifting towards the private sector management of water and sewerage services.000m per day by 2020.000 electricity customers Freshwater Freshwater withdrawal (2000) Per capita Percentage withdrawn (2000) Domestic (2000) Industrial (2000) Agriculture (2000) Ajman is the pioneering Emirate The Emirate of Ajman has been one of the PSP pace setters in the Gulf. KEOIC (Kuwait) and Black & Veatch (USA) were originally awarded a concession for all sewerage services and tertiary wastewater treatment in the Emirate of Ajman in 1996. The Abu Dhabi Water & Electricity Authority will also sell 40% in the two companies. While the annual recharge for groundwater in 3 3 the UAE is 20million m . 20% tranches will be sold to local institutional investors and a further 20% will then be offered through an initial public offering. Urban Services.12million 3 3 m per day by 2015.5 year operation and maintenance contract. The UAE continues to seek ways of making PSP play a positive role. Urban Population Total (2005. million) In urban areas (2005) In urban areas (2015) PSP in various forms is taking place All the major combined power and desalination projects currently under development have a significant degree of private sector involvement. In 2009. the Abu Dhabi Distribution Company (ADDC) sought proposals for an eight year O&M contract for water and electricity services. Operations started in 2003. million) Total (2015. A similar contract will be sought for the Al-Ain Distribution Company (AADC).90% 80% 93% 55% In September 2005.05% 87.370 84. 3 Water demand for Abu Dhabi was 1. Bidders will need to emphasise technology transfer and training. At the same time. 3 3 water supply is currently 210. total desalination capacity was 8.000 water and 90. % Water % Sewerage 2003 % Sewage treated 3. with Thames Water and Sharjah‘s Metito (Overseas) being awarded a 27. ADDC has 170. The concession was delayed for five years before construction started in 2001 by United Utilities and was completed in 2003. which was subsequently taken over by Veolia. Abu Dhabi‘s other water and power utility. the rate of groundwater extraction has been around 880million m a year. groundwater levels are falling by one metre every year for the past 30 years.UNITED ARAB EMIRATES PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS UNITED ARAB EMIRATES Economics (2009) Agriculture Industry Services Agriculture Industry Services The individual Emirates have experienced an increase in water demand of 10 to 40 times since 1970. by attracting international investors and reducing its budget burden.956 5. domestic water was 550litres per capita per day and groundwater over-abstraction was forecast to account for all groundwater resources by 2060. cuts in subsidies and ending subsidies for expatriates.3m 23% 9% 68% . 13% of global capacity. Water is currently sold at 25% below its cost price.4million m per day in the UAE.30km 3 511m 3 1533. The UAE envisages the positive use of water meters.000m per day and is projected to rise to 660. In Dubai.87million m per day in 2003 and is forecast to rise to 3.000 electricity customers while AADC has 50. Part of the water shortfall for agriculture and municipal gardens is to be met through a comprehensive programme of sewage treatment and effluent recovery. Capital spending of 220 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 3 2. In consequence.000 water and 200.

Sewage treatment works projects All of the Emirates are considering the installation of comprehensive sewerage networks and sewage treatment works so as to optimise the retention of effluents.000m per day by the end of 3 1999 and 260. The system is designed to have a PE of 350. treatment plants. The Abu Dhabi Company for Sewage Services was formed in June 2005 as a public shareholding company with its shares held by Abu Dhabi Water and Electricity Authority (Adwea). WWTW BOT VW Private sector company operations (Please see the relevant company entry for details) Company Parent company (country) Population served Water Sewerage Total Moalajah VE (France) 0 235.320. In Abu Dhabi. The company will own all drainage facilities — including pipe network. Sharajah‘s Al-Awir sewage treatment works underwent an expansion 3 from 260 to 520m per day at a cost of USD54million in 1997. Costs are to be recouped via the charging of households and the resale of recovered water.000 221 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .000 1. pumping stations. It was upgraded to handle 210.000 properties. with revenues expected to be USD450million over the BOT‘s life. Adwea may sell or cede all or some of its shares in the company through a public or private offer or auction.UNITED ARAB EMIRATES PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS USD140million was needed for the first phase. or 150.000 235. the 1982 Mafraq sewage 3 treatment works served 330.000 1.200.000.000 people connecting 45. maintenance and development of the sewage system in Abu Dhabi. Private sector contracts awarded (Please see the relevant company entry for details) Location Contract Company Ajman 27 year wastewater concession Moalajah Fujairah 12 year.000 people.000m by 2001.000 VW VE (France) 120. desalination OM VW Abu Dhabi 27 years.

Since 1990. and that it complies with Government. EU and World Health Organisation (WHO) standards.360 1% 24% 76% 2. million) In urban areas (2010) In urban areas (2025) Sewage treatment development Sewage treatment England & Wales Tertiary Secondary Primary Connected Scotland Tertiary Secondary Primary Connected Northern Ireland Tertiary Secondary Primary Connected 49. Since 2003. Scotland and Northern Ireland) were established in 1995 to take over monitoring the quality. Food and Rural Affairs (Defra) is considering Ofwat‘s fitness for purpose and if and how it needs to evolve. regularly taking transgressors. Wales. 99. Set up in 1989. to court. The Drinking Water Inspectorate (DWI) was established in 1990 by the Government to monitor the quality of water after it had been treated and at various stages of its distribution process. The Environment Agencies (England.UNITED KINGDOM PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS UNITED KINGDOM Economics (2009) GDP per capita GDP per capita (PPP) Agriculture Industry Services Regulatory environment Water and sewerage in England and Wales is governed by the need to comply with UK national and EU environmental law and international conventions. Companies are subject to regulation from three principal bodies: 1. million) Total (2025. In 1992. along with designated bathing areas. Currently the Government‘s Department for Environment. Urban Population Total (2010. Its role is to ensure that potable drinking water is provided by the water service companies. USD41. including the water companies. the EA became increasingly concerned about overabstraction of water from rivers and groundwater.993 79.520 USD37.9% of the 2. along with providing the highest standard of customer service and value and by the principle that utilities should not exploit their monopoly position. its role is to ensure that all the private sector water companies provide good value for money in terms of services provided along with meeting specified water quality and certain environmental compliance targets. the EA has been markedly more aggressive towards polluters. availability and use of all non-tidal waters in England and Wales.57% 1990 13% 62% 8% 96% 1990 2% 41% 23% 94% 2000 27% 64% 4% 97% 2001 16% 54% 10% 96% 2000 25% 15% 10% 80% 222 2005 42% 56% 0% 98% 2005 45% 44% 2% 92% 2009 47% 52% 1% 98% 2009 32% 63% 4% 95% 2009 28% 56% 3% 76% Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .65% 82.8million samples taken annually by the DWI complied with these standards. and is advocating stricter water conservation strategies. 3. The EAs also report to Defra. The Office of Water Services (Ofwat) is the Government appointed regulator for the privatised water utilities in England and Wales.295 54.

4 2000 94. The improvement in quality chiefly stems from setting mandatory targets for sewage treatment works performance. Water Sewerage Sewage treated 100% 99% 97% Northern Ireland and Scotland have revised their monitoring schemes since 1990 (Northern Ireland doubling the river length monitored and Scotland halving theirs) and so cannot be used for meaningful comparisons. as spending has increased on sewage treatment since the sector was privatised in 1989.4% 66.3 94.4% 72.5 97.7 2006 99.51 1.1 95.0% Inland waters in the UK are regarded as Europe's cleanest when excluding smaller countries with a low population density such as Sweden. rather than the expansion of the sewage treatment infrastructure itself.11 0.8 2010 97. This reflects the favourable geomorphology whereby short. 53.3 97.1 2002 98. In terms of the EU Water Framework Directive. Urban Services.3 91.8 2004 98.22 0.36 0.8% of Northern Ireland‘s river length was ‗Good‘ along with 87.09 0.0% Wales 78. waters seen as being of 'Good' ecological quality in 2008 and their potential by 2015 are as follows: Country Year Rivers Lakes Estuaries Coasts All surface waters Groundwater All waters England 2015 29% 36% 8% 36% 30% 39% 30% Wales 2015 39% 39% 29% 67% 39% 69% 40% Scotland 2015 63% 71% 85% 97% 69% 85% 71% N.0% 78.5 2008 96. 223 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .3% 80.0% 71.08 Total England and Wales Total Scotland Total Northern Ireland Total United Kingdom Northern Ireland and Scotland figures are for 2009.25 0.UNITED KINGDOM PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS Inland water quality The quality of inland waters has improved since 1990. fast flowing rivers discharge into the sea without the potential for pollution build-ups seen in longer rivers such as in Germany or France. measured by invertebrate populations.04 0.5 99. The latter has made itself felt from 2000.69 1. In 2006. The following table is for ‗Good‘ biological quality.69 2000 0.10 2010 0.6% in Scotland.05 0.6 % of drinking water tests failing overall water quality criteria 1995 0.5% 87.26 0.0% 88.17 0. % of river length of Good biological quality 1990 1995 2000 2005 2008 England 55.55 1.5 97. Ireland 2008 2015 20% 56% 27% 32% 0% 29% 40% 65% 21% 55% 97% 97% 28% 59% 2008 25% 35% 9% 35% 26% 38% 26% 2008 29% 39% 29% 67% 31% 69% 32% 2008 56% 66% 85% 94% 64% 85% 71% Bathing waters meeting the EU mandatory standards (%) Year England UK 1999 90.2% 69.26 2005 0.

1billion. 75% being service personnel and their dependants. GBP1. In 1998.6m 22% 75% 3% . It serves 720. agricultural.26billion is accessible to competition under current conditions via inset appointments and common carriage agreements.000 people. commercial and business customers (1. The onsite treatment of dilute industrial wastes is also open to competition. there have been three announcements by the Government and Ofwat allowing greater degrees of direct competition for the provision of water and sewerage services to industrial users. the Government decided that Water Services Northern Ireland will become a Government Owned Company from April 1 2006. This is in place of Northumbrian Water. but this is a separate market with its own specialist players. worth GBP1billion in revenues. Northern Ireland. Northern Ireland‘s water and sewerage services. The England and Wales major user market by client size Market segment 50-99 Ml pa 100-250 Ml pa <250 Ml pa Total Customers 1. AWG's Hartlepool Water is to supply water to a new industrial complex at Wynyard Park in Teesside. The Ministry of Defence‘s Project Aquatrine is also using the PFI scheme for three 25 year regional water and sewerage contracts serving 3. with the exception of Albion Water‘s (Enviro-Logic) Shotton Paper contract. The garrison serves water and sewerage to 11. 2000/Author To date nine awards have been made. WS was created as an agency of the former Department of the Environment for Northern Ireland in 1996. 2002/Author Author/Author DETR. In 2000 this was extended to users of 100-249Ml pa and in 2002 to all users of more than 50Ml pa. The first award (A) was in June 2003 to Brey Utilities (Earth Tech & Kelda). In November 2004.UNITED KINGDOM PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS Competition Since 1998. Thames will spend GBP3million in upgrading the current system and will be paid GBP640. Nevis Water (RWE Thames Water) gained the contract for the operations in Scotland (B. of which. Freshwater Freshwater withdrawal (2002) Per capita Percentage withdrawn (2000) Domestic (2000) Industrial (2000) Agriculture (2000) Northern Ireland’s Water Service In 2003. Hartlepool was acquired by AWG in order to boost AWG‘s presence in the region. The industrial and commercial water market in England and Wales is worth GBP1.000 pa for 20 years (GBP12. along with the Irish Republic does not directly charge for its domestic water and sewerage services.500 500 3.900 1. the Government started considering the reform of Water Service (WS).0billion. all of which were based upon licence variations. revenues GBP0. This is within the service areas of Yorkshire Water (Kelda Group Plc). The implementation of household bills was devolved to Stormont in 2008.7million people) across Northern Ireland against a backdrop of historic under investment and ageing water and sewerage infrastructure.000 domestic. C2C (Severn Trent & Costain) gained package B.65billion. In August 2004. to mobilise a new source of water for the facility.8million in total). where a new licence was granted.900 Water GBP200 million GBP300 million GBP100 million GBP600 million Sewerage GBP220 million GBP330 million GBP110 million GBP760 million Sources Ofwat. with customers being charged the same tariff as Hartlepool Water's existing customers. AWG has also gained a service contract for RAF Finningley near Doncaster. Thames Water gained the PFI contract for water supply and sewerage upgrade for Tidworth Garrison against Southern and Wessex. users of more than 250Ml pa were opened to competition. where it has been ignored with some vigour. Regulation and management of Water Service Northern 224 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 3 11.000 bases with a total capex of GBP1. The inset appointment is for a minimum period of 20 years.9billion) and in January 2005. which is lower than Northumbrian Water's. which was previously served by the Ministry of Defence. with total revenues of GBP1. AWG has also gained the water provision contract from Essex and Suffolk Water Plc (Northumbrian) to Buxted Chickens.5km 3 197m 3 6.

there have been significant delays in the awarding process. Wherever possible.000 2.000 2.000 Status Thames Water Severn Trent United Utilities Northumbrian Water United Utilities Scottish Water corporatized Kelda Group West Yorkshire figures incorporates Leeds and Sheffield.245. construction work was due to commence in 1998 with a completion date of 2000.000 819. While water and sewerage in Scotland and Northern Ireland remain public.816. and Water Service has to service 59. The Water Industry Commissioner (Scotland‘s equivalent of Ofwat) authorised GBP1.8 168 3.364.000 private septic tanks. The EU‘s UWWTD and its 2000 and 2005 compliance deadlines have driven the PFI in Scotland.637. with completion of the main project in 2001 and for a further facility in 2005. There are a total of 23 PFI sewerage schemes in Scotland.UNITED KINGDOM PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS Ireland remains a political process.000 2. These in turn arose from the merger of 11 municipal entities in 1996. Aberdeen and Peterhead was only awarded to Kelda‘s consortium in August 1999. there are the 9 sewage treatment schemes operated under the Private Finance Initiative (PFI).000 878. For example. m ) 3 Withdrawals (1990. Demand is forecast to grow by 150 Ml per day by 2030. km ) For domestic use (<1990) For industry (<1990) For agriculture (<1990) Scottish Water Scottish Water was formed from the merger of North of Scotland Water. A number of the original schemes have been grouped together in order to achieve economies of scale. they will be subject to constraints on spending and have limits on borrowings.302.42billion in capital spending between 2010 and 2014 and GBP1. East of Scotland Water and West of Scotland Water in 2002. GBP3billion of capital spending is anticipated between 2005 and 2025. the Government estimated that the cost of EU environmental compliance for these activities would be GBP5billion by 2005-10. WS has missed the EU‘s 2005 wastewater treatment targets by at least 20%. with an original value of GBP587million. MAJOR CITIES Population London Birmingham Manchester Newcastle upon Tyne Liverpool Glasgow West Yorkshire 9.000 2. Average leakage levels in Northern Ireland are 37% of treated water supplies. 99% of households are connected to the water network. which supplies 710Ml per day. km ) 3 Per capita (1998. Groundwater 3 Total recharge (1998. which has been highlighted by various enquiries into its governance and procurement policies since 2010 as well as its inability to respond to the 2011 freezethaw in a manner that would be expected in England and Wales.631. In 1993. In reality.000 1. a subsidiary of Scottish Water is responsible for overseeing GBP2billion of projects in partnership with 17 companies from 2010-14. The main schemes to date are as follows (GBPmillion): 225 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . only 83% of households are connected to the sewerage network.000 1. In contrast.170.253. PFI in Scotland and Northern Ireland The PFI is being used to help fund Scotland‘s sewage treatment compliance programme after it became evident that political and public opposition to privatising Scotland‘s water and sewerage assets and operations would be insurmountable.547.000 1.000 891.415.12billion in capital maintenance.0 51% 47% 3% 2010 8. Scottish Water Solutions 2.000 2025 8.000 1. In addition.000 954.

There is a number of specialist non-sewerage service companies involved in various PFI consortia. two major PFIs were awarded in 2005 for Project Alpha (GBP174million on water treatment works. Three new (or indeed secondary) markets have emerged over the past five years as set out below. 226 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . Package A Kelda / Earth Tech England Inset appointment for RAF Tidworth Veolia Water England Inset appointment for RAF Finningley Anglian Water England Inset appointment for Wynward Park Anglian Water England Inset appointment for Buxted chickens Anglian Water England Inset appt for brewery sewerage Albion Water Wales Inset appointment for Shotton Paper Albion Water West Scotland Daldowie sewage treatment PFI Caledonian (ScottishPower) West Scotland Dalmuir sewage treatment PFI SAUR West Scotland Inverclyde sewage treatment PFI Northumbrian Water Group North Scotland Inverness sewage treatment PFI United Utilities North Scotland Moray Coast sewage treatment PFI United Utilities North Scotland Tay sewage treatment PFI United Utilities North Scotland Aberdeen sewage treatment PFI Kelda East Scotland Esk Valley sewage treatment PFI Veolia Water East Scotland Almond Valley sewage treatment PFI Veolia Water East Scotland Ayr sewage treatment PFI Northumbrian Water East Scotland Levenmouth sewage treatment PFI Northumbrian Water Northern Ireland Kinnegar sewage treatment PFI Hyder Infrastructure Northern Ireland Newry sewage treatment PFI Earth Tech Northern Ireland Project Alpha (water treatment) Kelda / Earth Tech Northern Ireland Project Alpha (wastewater treatment) Veolia United Kingdom Project Aquatrine. Scotland and Northern Ireland means that the UK is something of a testing bed for the private sector globally. SAUR. BICC & Earth Tech Caledonian Taylor Woodrow. Package A Kelda / Earth Tech United Kingdom Project Aquatrine. only contract awards made since 1989 have been included in the above table. MJ Gleeson & Montgomery Watson Thames Water. MJ Gleeson & Montgomery Watson Northumbrian and Degrémont Northumbrian. Barr & Halcrow Northumbrian & Degrémont (Suez) & AMEC UU & Lagan Holdings Earth Tech In Northern Ireland.UNITED KINGDOM PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS Scheme Almond Valley & Seafield Esk Valley Levenmouth Ayrshire Inverness & Fort William Tay Moray Coast Aberdeen & Peterhead Daldowie & Shieldhall Dalmuir Inverclyde Kinnegar Newry Area East East East East North North North North West West West NI NI Value (GBPm) 100 20 50 50 45 84 60 80 57 50 50 10 N/A Consortium Thames Water. Package C Severn Trent / Costain The UK remains a pointer for the sector’s future development The complex nature of the relationship between the private sector and the various water entities in England & Wales. Package B Veolia United Kingdom Project Aquatrine. Veolia and Laing O‘Rourke). For the sake of brevity. the Northumbrian Water Group entry represents two former SWCs. Private sector contracts awarded (Please see the relevant company entry for details) Location Contract Company England & Wales Project Aquatrine. Degrémont and AMEC United Utilities United Utilities United Utilities Yorkshire Water. while the table below consolidates all of each company‘s contracts. For example. Stereau. Earth Tech / Kelda / Farrans) and in 2006 for Project Omega (GBP130million on wastewater treatment works. three PFI contracts and Northumbrian Water. Only companies referred to in this book are mentioned in the following table.

UNITED KINGDOM PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS New markets In the run up to the 1999 Periodic Review. either as a company outsourcing its services to others or having its services outsourced. NYSE Listed) Aguas de Barcelona (Spain) CKI (China) Cholderton Water Ltd (UK. privately held) LSE Listed Northumbrian Water (UK) Now Veolia Water Southeast. Thames. the idea of a Water Plc outsourcing its core activities was not a pressing issue. with one (NWG) having been re-floated. this market accounted for the majority of its revenues. given that the 1999 Periodic Review encouraged companies such as Thames to seek external suitors. Seven of the WaSCs have been acquired during this time. while its cost of capital assumptions strongly favoured private equity in the 2005-08 period. 1996 / Re-Listed. while all ten WaSCs remained. 2008 In 1989 there were 29 SWCs and the ten WaSCs. By 2007. 2001 Bought by Enron. To date.100 million GBP1. More dramatically. While much of the running has been taken up by companies such as Costain and Halcrow. France) South Downs (UK. United Utilities will be involved in managing water provision across Wales and sewage treatment in north Wales. In 2010 United Utilities was involved in managing contracts covering 35% of the UK water sector‘s asset base or 60% of the 9% of the utilities market in the UK that had been outsourced to date. Wessex and Severn Trent amongst others.3billion in utility related contracts across the UK during 2004-05 and revenues of at least GBP650million pa in the medium term. While Ofwat has expressed some regret about the loss of market listed companies. South West Water and York Water continue to exist. one remains today. United Utilities. The Southern Water contract is worth GBP300million to United Utilities and covers 250 water and wastewater projects. while there were eight market listed Statutory Water Companies in 2003. private equity) 227 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . 2006 Bought by WPD. 2000 / Private equity. This strategy is now changing in the light of Glas Cymru terminating its outsourcing contract. Ofwat‘s regrets are somewhat ironic. one investment bank anticipated all the WaSCs being taken private by 2009. but only in the parallel universe of listed companies in the USA. 2003 Listed Bought by RWE. United Utilities has made the most progress. 2002 Saltaire (private equity). The remaining SWCs Bournemouth & W Hants Bristol Water Cambridge Water Cholderton Water Dee Valley Essex and Suffolk Folkestone & Dover Portsmouth Water Cascal (UK. Subsequent events overtook this prediction. In 2007.500 million GBP750 million Duration 4 years 5 years 15 years* 5 years *Glas Cymru Cyf ended this contract in 2010. United Utilities water outsourcing contracts Year 2001 2003 2004 2005 Client Welsh Water Scottish Water Welsh Water Southern Water Contract Operations Capex management (JV) Operations Capex management (JV) Total value GBP450 million GBP1. Anglian Water North West Water Northumbrian Water Severn Trent Water Southern Water South West Water Thames Water Welsh Water Wessex Water Yorkshire Water AWG United Utilities NWG Severn Trent Southern Water Pennon Group Thames Water Glas Cymru Wessex Water Kelda Group Osprey (private equity). it was a fact of life in the sector. In the case of Costain between 2005 and 2009. securing GBP3. 2000 / Not for profit company. 2006 Listed Bought by Suez. (Veolia. As far as names go. By the time the 2004 Periodic review had been completed. it is a sale from one private equity fund to another. in the case of Mid Kent. have all sought to enter this market. 1998 / Sold to YTL. there were 12 SWCs. 2003 / CKI 2011-12 Listed Bought by ScottishPower 1996 / Private equity.

852. 2001 Merged with Coln Valley.000 5. 1990 Merged with Sutton & District as Sutton & East Surrey.000 0 3. 1989 Merged with Three Valleys (Veolia).000 Yorkshire Water Kelda / Saltaire (USA / UK / Sing) 4.000 Dŵr Cymru Glas Cymru (UK) 2.000 4.497.700. 1993 Merged with Mid-Sussex & West Kent as South East Water.258. 2000 Merged with South East.230.560.000 1.815. France). 2007 Merged with South East as South East Water. private equity) Terra Firma (UK.000 1. 2000 In 1996 North East was absorbed into Northumbrian Water.UNITED KINGDOM PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS South East Water South Staffordshire Sutton & East Surrey Tendring Hundred Three Valleys Westpac (Australia.000 7.895.000 5. 1994 Merged with Suffolk as Essex & Suffolk.406. 1994 Merged with Sunderland & South Shields. Bournemouth & District Bristol Water Cambridge Water Chester Cholderton Water Coln Valley East Surrey East Worcester Eastbourne Essex Folkestone & Dover Lee Valley Hartlepool Mid Kent Mid Southern Mid-Sussex Newcastle & Gateshead North Surrey Portsmouth Water Rickmansworth South Staffordshire Suffolk Sunderland & S Shields Sutton & District Tendring Hundred West Hampshire West Kent Wrexham & E Denbigh York Waterworks Merged with West Hampshire (Bournemouth & West Hants). 1990 Merged with Three Valleys (Veolia).792. France) This points to an emphasis on secondary markets in these companies. 2000 Management buyout as South Downs (private equity).261.000 12.500 0 1. as Three Valleys (Veolia).230.000 2.136.600 Cholderton Water Cholderton Water (UK) 3.000 8.093.170. 1994 Acquired by Aguas de Barcelona (Spain). then Alinda in 2009 Merged with Essex as Essex & Suffolk.394.397.000 Severn Trent Water Severn Trent (UK) 7.000 3. 1998 Acquired and absorbed by Kelda. as the private equity funds seek to sell holdings on either to realise gains or cut their losses as the case may be. 1994 Acquired and absorbed by AWG.900 5.000 Southern Water First Aqua (Aus / USA / UK) 2.516.275. 1996 Acquired by Veolia Water Services (Veolia.397. France). France) Veolia Water Central (Veolia.280. 1994 Acquired by Veolia Water Services (Veolia. private equity) Veolia Water East (Veolia.000 Bournemouth Sembcorp (Singapore) 423.600 0 306.547. 1994 Merged with Eastbourne & Mid-Sussex as South East Water. 1999 Merged with Eastbourne & West Kent as South East Water.136. 1996 Acquired and absorbed by Severn Trent.516.000 South West Water Pennon Group (UK) 1. 1994 Merged with Chester as Dee Valley.000 Thames Water Macquarie (Australia) 8.000 228 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .256. as Three Valleys (Veolia).000 5. 1998 Independent.400.000 3.500 Cambridge Water To be divested by CKI (HK) 306. 1990 Acquired by First Islamic Bank (Bahrain).000 Northumbrian Agreed bid by CKI (HK) 4. 1994 Merged with Newcastle & Gateshead as North East Water.200 2.100 7. 2004.300 Bristol Water Aguas de Barcelona (Spain) 1.043.000 Water United Utilities United Utilities (UK) 6.600 5.622. followed by Essex & Suffolk in 2000.000 12.800 8. 2006 Acquired by Union Fenosa in 1999 and by CKI in 2004 Merged with Wrexham & East Denbighshire as Dee Valley.170.043. as North East Water. 1989 Merged with Bournemouth & District (Bournemouth & West Hants). 1990 Merged with East Surrey as Sutton & East Surrey.400. private equity) Alinda (USA & Europe.300 0 423.500 2. as Cholderton Water Ltd (privately held) Merged with Rickmansworth.280.000 Wessex Water YTL Holdings (Malaysia) 1. Private sector company operations (Please see the relevant company entry for details) Company Parent company (country) Population served Water Sewerage Total Anglian Water AWG / Osprey (Canada / Aus / UK) 4.500 4.

800 585.266.800 Earth Tech AECOM (USA) 700.000 63.UNITED KINGDOM PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS Private sector company operations (Please see the relevant company entry for details) Company Parent company (country) Population served Water Sewerage Total Dee Valley Dee Valley Group (UK) 258.016.200 0 2.001.500 0 258.800 0 1.200 South Staffordshire Alinda (USA) 1.431.000 4.300 South East Water Westpac (Australia) 2.800 East Surrey Kellen / Terra Firma (UK) 645.266.000 763.300 0 657.000 Portsmouth Water South Downs (UK) 657.001.500 Veolia Water UK VE (France) 3.000 0 645.000 229 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 .

250. action plan and investment program. a shortfall of 90million m pa. According to the UNDP and other donors. In the Sana‘a basin.803 79. Sana‘a. Through improved operation and reduction of water losses. the project will increase water supplies and provide affordable sewerage facilities. In Amran water levels have dropped 60meters during the last twenty years and by 30metres between 1995 and 2000. compared with the Middle East and North Africa average of 1. There are currently 20 WWTPs in Yemen. since wells in Sana‘a. it was estimated in the mid 1990s that water extraction 3 (224million m ) exceeded the level of recharge (42million m³) by over 400%. equivalent to 125m per person pa. Source: Ebaid R & Hall J (2005) Effluent and Sludge Management in Yemen. representatives of key donors active in the water sector in Yemen signed a Declaration of Support for the NWSSIP.4billion m pa. and provide institutional arrangements that allow for measuring progress towards program goals. Up to 60% of water consumed in Yemen is used for irrigating qat. 3 with a total treatment capacity that will reach about 200. meaning that total water availability in the Lusaka Basin would be 3 then limited essentially to the estimated annual natural recharge of 30-50million m which is equivalent to the present level of domestic and industrial water use. a good headline with a drop of truth in it. some 10% below the worldwide norm. million) In urban areas (2010) In urban areas (2025) 7. Yemen 230 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . In October 2009. the exhaustion of the usable non-renewable groundwater stock (estimated at about 3 3billion m ) will occur by 2010-2020. The 3 uneven nature of water resources means that 90% of the population has less than 90m annually for domestic use. the capital can be 800-1. people depend on water pumping and water vendors. Water Sewerage 2003 Sewage treated 3 3 100% 99% 97% Yemen depends almost entirely on some 60. supported by WSP-Africa and other partner organizations. In January 2005. In 2002. integrated water and environmental sector strategy. Yemen‘s Water and Sanitation Corporation has invited contractors to pre3 qualify for a contract to design and build a 10. Including irrigation. who cost some YER2. million) Total (2025.65% 82. In 2010. The work will be financed by Germany‘s KfW and the Government. Yemen completed the preparation of a ten year.000m per day extension to the existing Ibb sewage treatment plant. under construction or at the design stage. is the first sectoral strategy in Yemen to clearly define targets and achievement indicators for each sub-sector.800 (USD15) a month. The National Water Sector Strategic Investment Plan (NWSSIP). either operating. As gaps between water actually being delivered have extended in one case to 42 days. Urban Services. where 10% of the population live.714 14. 54% of the urban population had access to mains water supply in 2008 and 42% to mains sanitation. the Times speculated that Yemen could become the first nation to ‗run out of water‘.54billion in investment. which is expected to become fully operational by the end of the year.5billion m pa.YEMEN PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS YEMEN Urban Population Total (2010. In 2003.000 wells that are being rapidly depleted by poor management and wasteful irrigation methods. MWH Arabtech Jardaneh. which will enable wastewater to be reused for agriculture.000m per day. consumer demand in the country was 3. which can effectively be combined with irrigation agriculture for effluent recovery and reuse. which has been cited as an impediment to economic development. a mild narcotic plant popular in Yemen and the Horn of Africa. Cost recovery mechanisms will be introduced. In 2004. the World Bank approved EUR134million (USD130million) loan to upgrade water supply and sanitation services in urban communities. These are mainly waste stabilisation pond systems.57% 3 3 Annual renewable water resources are estimated at 2.100meters deep. the NWSSIP calls for USD1.

the reality is a lot worse. a PSP workshop was held by the World Bank to consider options for the LWSC (Lusaka Water and Sewerage Authority). Nana Water and Sewerage Company became first company to issue a municipal bond on the Lusaka Stock Exchange (LSE). aims to develop a new institutional and legal framework to manage the water resources of the country. which has a 100% metering rate. access to water supply in 2008 was 87% for urban and 45% for rural populations while access to sanitation is 59% and 57% for urban and rural areas respectively. The CUs have extended water supply coverage (from 58% in 2004/05 to 73% in 2005/06). In 2003. According to the 2010 National Water Policy. CUs are responsible for service provision to 86% of the urban population. 50 out of 72 local authorities have established nine commercial water utilities (CUs) in urban areas. The 19 kiosks will include a tap connected to the municipality's water pipeline. Officially. In 2010 a Water Resources Management Bill was presented.ZAMBIA PART 2: COUNTRY ANALYSIS ZAMBIA During 2002. Lease and concession models were considered to be the most appropriate for the city. Chapatti Water Supply Company. has by some way the lowest UFW levels at 25%. In 2002.000 people in Kalikow community. 37% of urban households had tap water and 28% household sewerage in 2008. Unaccounted for losses in urban areas are at 51%. Source: African Development Bank / OECD (2007) African Economic Outlook 231 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011 – 2012 . The process will encourage the engagement of policymakers and public-private sector discussions. and are manned by a member of the community who fills the residents‘ containers with water. the remaining areas are serviced either by 22 local authorities (13%) or private providers (1%). where residents can buy water at a nominal fee of ZMK2 (EUR0. which are expected in the long-term to be commercially viable. The program. The Government aims to increase urban water supply and sanitation coverage to 100% by 2015. promoting poverty alleviation and sustainable development. Commercialisation has been crucial to sustaining improvement in service delivery. with only 21% of accounts being metered. This was based on a National Water Policy which was launched in 2010 along with the Government‘s aim of Zambia becoming a medium income country by 2030. The peri-urban population with access to improved water supply was 44% and 10% for sanitation in 2010. The Aruba municipality‘s Water and Sewerage Company (KWSC) has instigated water kiosks for the 13. supported by the Water and Sanitation Program's (WSP) Zambian office. Six out of nine commercial utilities had reached operational cost coverage by the end of 2006. in order to update legislation based between 1948 and 2002. and for rural water supply to 75% by 2015. The bond is intended for a water provision project in which the company would be building a pipeline from Kitwe to Kalulushi.01). Zambia embarked on water resources reform through the Water Resources Action Program (WRAP) under the Ministry of Energy and Water Development (MEWD).

PART 3(i): COMPANY ANALYSIS PART 3(i): COMPANY ANALYSIS: MAJOR PLAYERS 232 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 .

2009 & 2010 Y/E is to 31/12 [3] Revenues for SAUR France and International The new entity.0 111.3 57.5 2011 1.472.6 2009 1.000 0 1.000 2.000 550.000 359. Bouygues (see separate entry) acquired SAUR in 1984.000 600. CDC granted Séché an 18% option in Hime that if exercised will raise Séché's stake to 51% and may in time pave the way for Séché to take complete ownership of Hime.000 950.4 178.2 167.436.674. Post the divestment of the Italian and African activities.100 .000 1.000 750.800.000 600.FRANCE PART 3(i): COMPANY ANALYSIS: MAJOR PLAYERS .000 750.8 91.6 N/A N/A 2007 [1] 935.000 6.577.6 144.000 502.2 Including long term technical assistance projects (mainly in Saudi Arabia) SAUR serves 12million 3 people internationally with 653million m per annum of water being provided.010.0 N/A 2007 1.7 126.3 N/A 2008 1.000 9. the French private equity house in January 2005. SAUR.0 103.3 2009 [2] 1. SAUR/Novasaur/Hime Y/E 31/12 (EURmillion) Net sales EBITDA Operating income Net income 2006 1.500.[3] 113 1.8 64.000 Total 5.227.200.1 85.231. AXA Private Equity (17%) and Cube Infrastructure Fund (12%) for EUR1. Séché Environnement (33%). In March 2007.000 250.47billion.3 2010 [2] N/A N/A N/A 1.3 79. with 78% of the groups revenues being from water.000 3.1 161. SAUR has been associated more with small towns and rural municipalities than either Suez or Veolia Environment (VE).000 1.SAUR SAUR (France)/Séché.000 560.517.0 95. making it the last of the major French water companies.1 94.000 0 750.0 152. 93% of SAUR‘s 2008 revenues came from France (65% SAUR.500. SAUR water services revenues SAUR (EURmillion) SAUR France SAUR International Stereau Total EBITDA Operating income 2006 [1] 896. Bouygues sold SAUR (net of its Italian and African activities) to PAI Partners.371.8 47.1 2008 [2] 995.000 12.5 N/A 990.000 359.3billion in 2004.000 550.0 188. PAI sold SAUR to Hime.423.2 87.000 250.7 149.0 1. In May 2008.871.0 76. Séché has a market listing in France and this would in turn allow the company to have a full market presence again.000 233 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 .6 75. and AXA (France) Société d‘Aménagement Urbain et Rural (SAUR) was founded in 1933. CDC.800.923.6 [1] 2006 & 2007 Y/E is to 31/03 [2] 2008.000 6.0 1.174.000 2.539.000 1. including Stereau (water engineering in France and internationally) and Coved (waste management services in France) had a consolidated turnover of EUR1.000 Sewerage 5.0 114.500.210. 21% Coved & 7% Stereau).0 63.000 12.8 70.0 135.010. a consortium comprising of Caisse des Dépôts et Consignations (38%).0 80. population served Country France Argentina China Armenia French Overseas Territories Saudi Arabia Poland Scotland Spain Total – Outside France Global total Water 5.200.000 250.162.000 14.

000 people overall.000 people rising to a seasonal peak of 120.45/m³ (USD0. A 25 year contract serving 12. Taylor Woodrow.000 people.6million respectively. The venture is charging PLN3. More than 90% of contracts up for award during 2006 and 2007 were retained. Barr & Halcrow) constructed the replacement of Glasgow West‘s sewage treatment works which were built in 1904. the Fuengirola concession was extended for a further ten years.000 people in 70 municipalities.000 people and sewerage to 560.500 wastewater treatment works.000 sewage treatment Scotia Water (SAUR UK/Stereau (SAUR). SNG gained ISO 9001. Septic tank maintenance is provided to some 1million people in 2.000 people. In September 2000.000 people worth EUR8. Endesa of Spain and the Las Palmas municipality. The increase in fees has been 36% below the rate of inflation. The contract generated sales of PLN166million in 2008 and PLN140million in 2006. mainly for water alone and contributed FRF3. STWs now operate at secondary level and are to be upgraded to tertiary level standard in line with the UWWTD by 2010.25million per annum in Toledo was gained in 2009.000 communities. SAUR's EMALSA and Gestagua provide water services to 1. via 32. Water quality has moved from 8% EU compliant in 1992 to 87% by 2000 and 100% compliance for delivered water by 2007. serving 6.000 people and sewerage and sewage treatment for 300.5million in upgrading work was carried out in 2009-10. Glasgow 25 year PFI BOT 600.162) for sewerage services to 470.700 water and sewage treatment contracts via 1.9million after a 0. Cise was acquired in 1997 and served approximately 3. Customer numbers rose by 1.5million pa for the operational life of the contract. SAUR provides water and sewerage services to 5.2% in 2006 to EUR514.SAUR France In France. a water and sewerage management JV with the municipality of Gdansk and Sopot. In 2004 SAUR Sevan Services was awarded a four year management contract.000 water & sewerage Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 .010. Innisfree. Gdansk. Between 1999 and 2004. supported by a World Bank loan. serving 50.5% in 2000. the management contract model is now being implemented. started in late 1992 and in its current form was renewed in 2010. UK – Scotia Water 1999 Dalmuir. while distribution losses have fallen from approximately 25% in 1992 to 12% in 2007. Spain In October 2007. A further GBP2.3million and PLN4. Poland SAUR Neptune Gdansk (SNG). In 2007. SAUR sold its 33% stake in Aguas de Valencia (AgVal) to Suez Environment for EUR135million. The new Dalmuir facility offers increased effluent handling capacity and secondary treatment since 2003.000 water & sewerage This contract for the Armenian Water and Sewerage Company was developed on the lines of the original Yerevan Water contract (see ACEA company entry). 18001 and 14001 certification.5% and prices by 1. Gestagua provides water and wastewater services to 560.FRANCE PART 3(i): COMPANY ANALYSIS: MAJOR PLAYERS .2billion in 1996.0million people. Cise was renamed SAUR France. service compliance rising from 8% in 1992 to 86% in 2002-07. SAUR holds 50.6% reduction in metered consumption.000 people in the city and 505.047 in Sopot. In 2008 a two year extension was granted and it is understood that the contract has been extended again. SAUR France was renamed Water Services in France in October 2006. Armenia 2004 National 4+2 year O&M 750.184) for drinking water and PLN3. Stereau was paid EUR21million for hardware and SAUR receives EUR2.000 people.99% of the company.95/m³ (USD0. along with overall quality and service certification in 2006.391 water meters in Gdansk and 4. which provides water via three desalination plants to a total of 450.700 communities with water supply and sewerage services through 5. with a post tax profit of PLN6. Net water distribution and sanitation sales rose by 4. Saudi Arabia 2011 Jubail 8 year O&M 234 250.5million people.800 water treatment works and 1. EMALSA is a JV run between SAUR.

com. Contact Details Name: SAUR Address: Atlantis. marafiq of Saudi Arabia 51%) serving the new town both for domestic and industrial services.gestagua. 2001) China SAUR‘s holding in Shanghai Fengxian was sold to Shanghai Chengtou in 2005.osm.618 8. which is being operated jointly with the Harbin Water Company.9 Total 119.000 by 2003.5 Guadeloupe 10.100 2.000 water connections serving 1.043 42.575 31.100 2.400m /day respectively.ar www.sng. In 1999.0 28 year BOT and O&M 2. Enron (32%) and Italgas (4.com.800. Harbin SAUR Water was the first company in the Chinese water sector to be awarded ISO 9000 certification by an international organisation.com www.000 13.SAUR A contract (SAUR 49%. the billing collection rate improved from 80% to 90% as the consortium introduced more professional operations management procedures.6million inhabitants with 340.2million people.7million.385 359. wastewater and seawater cooling of industrial installations. Harbin has a total population of 2.200 14.000 in 2001 to 950. Enron sold its stake to South Water SA of Argentina in 2004.8million.6million in 2004.3million in 2003 and EUR16. 78064 St-Quentin-en-Yvelines Cedex.pl Joel Séché (Chairman of Hime. 1996 Harbin 3 Martinique 22.225million m /day water treatment plant construction plus management project.es www. France Tel: +33 1 30 60 22 60 Web: www.084 68. La Réunion Water provision Connections People served Sewage treatment People served Turnover (EURmillion.425 6. with a capacity of 3 3 518. 1 av Eugene Freyssinet.FRANCE PART 3(i): COMPANY ANALYSIS: MAJOR PLAYERS . The population served by sewerage and sewage treatment has increased from 880. The province has 1. including potable water and desalination. The contract was renegotiated in 2006 and its status has been unclear since 2009. SAUR-Zamil was awarded a five year water contract by the National Water Company in 2010 for Mecca and Taif.200.000 water & sewerage SAUR (32%). Argentina 1998 Mendoza 95 year BOT 1.saur. President of SAUR) Oliver Brousse (Managing Director. During 1998.000 water provision This is a 0.050m /day and 302. Revenues will be approximately USD60million pa. Because of the Peso crisis revenues fell from EUR20million in 2002 to EUR18. West Indies and Reunion Island Three contracts for the various French Overseas Territories.500 27. In 2006.726 260.5%) acquired Obras Sanitarias de Mendoza (OSM) from Mendoza municipality for USD132.4 86. the company had 10 water and 10 wastewater treatment works. Hime & SAUR) Caroline Catoire (Finance Director) 235 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 .

024. Lyonnaise des Eaux (1993-97.82 0. buy back of Browning Ferris‘s stake in SITA Lyonnaise des Eaux organised into three divisions S-LDE renamed Suez. Some contracts have been sold and other handed back.1 2.onwards). especially in developing economies. Major contract gains at the outset included Cannes (1880). After the merger of Suez and Gas de France (GDF Suez) Suez sold 65% of its water and waste management activities in July 2008. Brazilian activities sold AISA contract ends in Bolivia.034. making it the third oldest private sector water company in France. The Dumez (France. then a merger with Dumez).65 Société Lyonnaise des Eaux et de l‘Eclairage was founded in 1880.4 2. Suez Environnement. Suez-Highlights 1880: 1914-46: 1939: 1947: 1958: 1972: 1980-90: 1990: 1991: 1996: 1996: 1997: 1997: 1998: 1999: 2000: 2001: 2002: 2003: 2004: 2005: 2006: 2007: 2008: 2009: 2010: Société Lyonnaise des Eaux et de l‘Eclairage founded Activities in Morocco.4 1. acquires Agbar & AgVal stake Chongqing water partnership Unwinding of Suez-Veolia joint contracts in France.FRANCE PART 3(i): COMPANY ANALYSIS: MAJOR PLAYERS .6 1.061. Suez is continuing to expand in Europe.059. but remains the world‘s leading international player in terms of the number of people served through its water and wastewater operations.7 2. India and China.3 2.061.09 0.8 564.869.059. LDE renamed Ondeo Creation of Environmental Division (Ondeo and SITA) Partial divestment of Northumbrian.4 1.65 2010 13.4 573.4 491.7 1. Nalco sold Rest of Northumbrian sold Contracts closed in Argentina. expansion in USA. Tunisia.4 1. Suez has eased its expansion strategy. MENA.0 403. Suez believes that 1billion people receive drinking water from its treatment plants. construction) merger was to ensure that La Lyonnaise was too large for Bouygues to bid for and the merger with Compagnie Financiere Suez SA (Belgium. North America.1 533. then a merger with Suez) and Suez Environnement (2008 .9 926.339.65 2009 12.4billion Buys out Eau et Force SA Merger with Compagnie Suez Buys out Degrémont SA Acquisition of Browning Ferris International Acquisition of Nalco and Calgon.446. The company has gained many of its contracts via contacts made through the water and sewerage engineering design and build projects carried out by its Degrémont subsidiary.101.0 0. full consolidation of Agbar 236 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 .060.15 0. including 20% of China‘s urban population.SUEZ SUEZ ENVIRONNEMENT SA Suez Environnement SA is the second largest water and wastewater company in France.985. other contracts handed back. Puerto Rico contract handed back. Barcelona (1881).9 1. Dunkirk (1902) and Casablanca (1914). UK & USA for water provision Merger with Dumez SA Acquisition of SDI Acquisition of Northumbrian Water Plc for F7. 12% to a group of long term holders and 53% to private and institutional investors. India & China Suez Environnement spun off from Suez. profit and loss account Y/E 31/12 (EURmillion) Turnover EBITDA Operating income Net income Earnings/share (EUR) Dividends/share (EUR) 2006 11.8 1.296.363.00 N/A 2008 12. its traditional rival. Calgon sold Partial divestment of EMOS.17 N/A 2007 12. This is the third time that the company has in essence been a water and waste management entity – Lyonnaise des Eaux (to 1990. Togo.7 1. Congo & New Caledonia Degrémont founded Electricity activities in France nationalised 300.000 subscribers in France Acquisition of Degrémont Enters Spain. Since 2003. La Lyonnaise was traditionally one of the smaller French multi-utility service and construction companies.2 1. power and waste management) was to create a multi-utility at least equal to VE. Degrémont is currently operating in 40 countries and has worked in 70 countries over the past 30 years.

the UK and USA between 1980 and 1990. (Malaysia) There were no contract gains this year Fiestole (Italy). Mexico. In 2009. Colombia. In 1972 the company sought to re-enter the international market through the acquisition of Degrémont. In 2008. Hungary. Norway. Italy. Uruguay. rising to 65% by 2001. Argentina. Lyonnaise des Eaux had some 860 subsidiaries. The 2005-12 development plan calls for ‗highly selective‘ expansion outside its core markets. Société Lyonnaise des Eaux provided water services in Morocco. Puerto Rico. Hungary. Suez started a bidding process for complete control of Agbar. Mexico & Hungary Czech Republic. 237 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 . USA. Russia. Spain & USA China. Germany & Malaysia USA. By June 2010. Some small contracts. Colombia. Algeria Saudi Arabia. By 1993. China. supplying water to 300. Adelaide (Australia) International water and wastewater services accounted for 30% of consolidated water services turnover in 1994 and 1995. the acquisition of Aquas Andinas in Chile and acquisitions in the USA. Brazil.000 people have been integrated into Suez‘s portfolio of international contracts. Mexico. China. Chile. the company served 40million people (25.SUEZ 2011: Adelaide contract win From 1914 to 1946. Aguas de Barcelona (Spain). Earth Tech (USA) Melbourne (Australia) Aguas de Barcelona (Spain). Prior to the merger with Suez. China. Germany & Korea Korea. Indonesia & Philippines USA. This has been enhanced by SE acquiring SAUR‘s 33% holding in Aguas de Valencia. Egypt. Togo. Germany. These were nationalised in 1946. India & USA Aguas de Valencia (Spain). Morocco. Brazil & Colombia USA. Argentina. Germany. reflecting the complexity of operating a utility via a large number of local contracts built up through contract awards and acquisitions. Chile. China Australia. Canada. Indonesia & Australia USA. Compagnie Financiere Suez SA has been of more strategic importance with regard to power (Tractabel & Electrabel) and waste management (Watco) than the water markets.FRANCE PART 3(i): COMPANY ANALYSIS: MAJOR PLAYERS . Chile.5million outside France). international activities accounted for 26% of water revenues in 2004. Oman. Contracts and acquisitions were gained in Spain. through major contract gains. China. Australia USA. Jordan. Morocco. USA Italy Mexico. Ireland Taiwan. Bolivia. Suez Environnement (SE) also attained overall ownership of Agbar (see company entry) jointly with Caxia Holding of Spain. Germany. In consequence. the 1996 acquisition of Northumbrian Water Plc. China & Malaysia South Africa (O&M). Earth Tech (China). Turkey. Czech Republic. Since then. Slovakia & Italy United Water (USA). China. USA. Northumbrian Water Plc (UK). China. Year 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Million 33 34 34 34 36 36 36 36 37 47 53 55 57 82 89 100 108 110 131 121 117 115 110 112 117 117 122 123 No 0 1 1 2 1 2 0 4 11 10 11 9 16 17 16 16 10+ 5+ 25+ 3+ 5+ 5+ 4+ 7+ 4+ 5+ 5+ 2+ Contract gains and acquisitions France & Spain only Macao Natal (South Africa. the USA and China. The table below outlines Suez‘s breakdown of the global population served and its main contract gains since 1984. SE held 75% of Agbar‘s equity and the market delisting and share buyout programme was underway. Cameroon. which are identified as Europe. Gibraltar & Edmonton (Canada) South Africa (O&M). but have fallen back since 2001 due to the Peso crisis and the divestment of various activities. Suez has increased its international activities fourfold. Congo and New Caledonia. China. along with the acquisition of SDI in France in 1991. Colombia. Mexico. O&M) Warsaw (USA) Essex & Suffolk Water Plc (UK) Montecatini Terme (Italy) & Taiping. Tunisia. This cements a relationship that started in 1991. International activities contributed at least 75% of the water services‘ net earnings in recent years.

1billion net debt and sold its activities in Brazil to a local investor. while in Puerto Rico and Atlanta the contract was terminated by mutual consent.P.603 146.400.525 9. Suez sold its holding in Northumbrian Water (NWL) (Ondeo Services UK) in two stages in order to deconsolidate NWL‘s EUR3. where EU subsidies can be mobilised.000 10.830.270.000.296.902 147. with the Buenos Aries and the Aguas de Santa Fe concessions being handed back while the Córdoba concession was sold to a local investor.000 Population served 1.900.458 65. the Jakarta contract continues to be operated by Suez.000 Location Bogota Puerto Rico Contract Wastewater BOT Water & wastewater O&M Location Santa Fe Contract Water & wastewater BOT Location Córdoba Buenos Aries Limeira Manaus Antayla Contract Water & wastewater BOT Water & wastewater BOT Water & wastewater concession Water & wastewater concession Water O&M Location La Paz / El Alto Manila Contract Water & wastewater BOT Water & wastewater BOT Overall.000 Population served 1.581 1.000 Population served 1.000 3.746 1.400.196 1. In Europe. Bogota unilaterally ended the Saltire contract. Suez ended the La Paz/El Alto contract due to local political pressure. the emphasis is currently on organic growth and gaining contracts in Central and Eastern Europe.000 3.621 1. In 2009. Nalco and Calgon were acquired for USD4. water and sewage services Service Water supplied Wastewater treatment Water coverage Sewerage coverage Water facilities [1] Wastewater facilities Unaccounted for water Wastewater treatment Water reuse Measure 3 Million m pa 3 o o Million m pa (2 /3 ) Network Length (km) Network Length (km) Number of treatment works Number of treatment works 3 M /km/day BOD removal Post treatment water 2007 1.000 535.000 2.403 94.676. Suez.000 6.000 1.554 10.000. Suez Ondeo sold Ondeo Nalco to a US based consortium of the Blackstone Group.000 people in Pécs and Kapsovar in Hungary ended.157million and USD406million respectively in 1999.000 7.FRANCE PART 3(i): COMPANY ANALYSIS: MAJOR PLAYERS .000 9.614 1.830.027 1.7 87% 5% 2010 2.000 1.200.900.500. The Halifax contract was handed back to the municipality and subsequently re-emerged in a different form. exit strategies have differed.726.888 1. The former expired and the latter has been suspended.000 5.656.659 2.274 1.193 1.000 1.643 9.5 90% 6% 2009 1.060 1.978 147.000 Population served 1. Hungary and Slovakia.582 2. Apollo Management L.626 61.892 67. contracts serving 273.1 88% 2% 2008 1.SUEZ 2003 to 2007’s years of consolidation: activities ceased 2003 Canada UK USA Vietnam Total 2004 Colombia Puerto Rico Total 2005 Argentina Total 2006 Argentina Argentina Brazil Brazil Turkey Total 2007 Bolivia Philippines Total Location Halifax England Atlanta Thu Duc Contract Wastewater O&M Northumbrian Water Plc Water O&M Bulk water BOT Population served 380.800. the Czech Republic. and Goldman Sachs Capital Partners for USD4.5 92% 22% 238 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 . In September 2003.773 9.656.998 187.35billion. Despite various problems. The Vietnam contract ended after a perceived change in strategy by the Government.000 5.000 1.

825 48% 26% 14% 12% 1. Mediterranean & Middle East [1] North America [2] Asia-Pacific [1] Australia [2] Rest of the World [2] Ondeo Industrial Services Safege [1] Revenue for water and waste management [2] Revenue by geography (includes Degremont) 2007 954 63% 15% 22% 1.155 2007 3.931 1. EBITDA and operating income Y/E 31/12 (EURmillion) Revenues European Water Services European Waste Services International Other Intercompany Total EBITDA European Water Services European Waste Services International Other Total Operating income European Water Services European Waste Services International Other Total 2006 3.339 485 349 327 -136 1.Rest of the world Germany Central & Eastern Europe USA .798 50 -120 12.697 1.Design & Build .BOT contracts France .992 58 -119 12.Wastewater Central Europe.Equipment .770 2.558 2.061 413 459 270 -81 1.060 433 314 309 -130 926 2010 4.828 4.447 784 844 402 -45 1.061 2008 3.014 62% 16% 22% 2.869 1.945 2.Other services .035 839 558 -93 2.150 145 72 142 73 239 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 . segmental revenues.628 137 80 2010 1.537 160 62 52 561 53% 47% 187 73 482 19% 6% 759 751 595 355 1.900 49% 24% 15% 12% 757 62% 38% 49 41 422 62% 38% 154 72 461 19% 5% 2008 1.059 2009 3.865 5.993 5.917 5.296 866 798 468 -72 2.FRANCE PART 3(i): COMPANY ANALYSIS: MAJOR PLAYERS .SUEZ [1] Redefined as full treatment facilities from 2010 Suez Environnement.Water .053 60% 18% 22% 2.000 50% 24% 14% 12% 915 69% 31% 59 53 443 59% 41% 163 75 459 19% 5% 2009 1.034 810 903 392 -43 2.985 473 399 298 -14 1.592 339 620 59% 41% 515 18% 5% 823 829 781 786 2.744 15 -152 13.645 36 -122 12.025 Suez Environnement.Drinking water production .Unregulated China Indonesia Morocco .248 5.750 37 -113 11.520 72% 12% 16% 1.102 415 469 282 -108 1.863 3.Spain .Regulated . water activity contributions to group turnover Y/E 31/12 (EURmillion) Degrémont .Distribution plant & networks Agbar .364 812 924 419 53 2.086 51% 24% 14% 11% 1.Wastewater collection & treatment .359 2.

000.000 160.000 2. Bal-Ondeo: Suez operates in Mexico through Bal-Ondeo.200.500.000 0 3.000 190.300.600.400.000 749.000 0 3. a 50/50 JV with Peñoles (BAL Group).000 4.000 900.445 2. populations served by country Country France Belgium Great Britain Czech Republic Germany Hungary Ireland Italy Russian Federation Slovakia Slovenia Spain Chile Colombia Cuba Mexico United States Australia New Zealand China & Macao India Indonesia Malaysia South Korea Taiwan Jordan Morocco Algeria Qatar Oman Saudi Arabia Egypt Turkey Total outside France Global total Alliances and JVs Ondeo-Lend-Lease Pty: Australian JV (with an unnamed third partner) formed in 1991.000 160.044 124.000 1.272.000 220.000.000 200.000 6.000 762.000 500.000 662.500.000 0 50.000 800.025.272.000 15.000 3.136.000 2.704 7.300.000 1.380.413.000 3.165.798.000 2.000 6.200.000 1.000 6.000 1.000 190.855 3.000.000 535.503 789.120.000 1.300.414 7. Suez.900.287.000 0 500.565.FRANCE PART 3(i): COMPANY ANALYSIS: MAJOR PLAYERS .000 20.926 61. Total revenues for Asia were approximately EUR550million.000 600.926 Total 12.000 111.000 2.000 6.000 1.000 50.165.000 1.475.000 52.165.000 0 0 900.548. EUR970million for Africa and the Middle East (EUR450million net of Morocco) and EUR550million for South America.000 0 2.175.881 917.000.300.000 96.000 13.640.136.800.300.116. The JV has been extended into South East Asia. It is a marketing vehicle for gaining the bulk water supply contract for Greater Sydney in 1993.SUEZ Of the activities outside Europe.000.000 7.400.000 6.881 917.000 4. SFH is used for all of Suez‘s contracts in China and Macao.000 150.000 3.798.800. 22% of group revenues (EUR3.000 300.000 6. Water 12.000 50.000 0 0 2.500.130.248.400.000 220.000 1.000 6.000 0 535.000 3. a company that is also actively involved in waste management projects in Hong Kong.000 7.568 1. 80% of Degrémont‘s revenues were outside France.565.715.050million) were in the water sector in 2010.000 0 3.800.738 108.350.000.294 1.000 800.000.800. Sino French Holdings: A 50/50 JV with Hong Kong‘s New World Development Corporation.987.000 6.455 2.000 300.000 0 150.000 4.000.600.500.900.000 0 17.044 240 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 .000 1.000 535.414 5.000 1.500.000 0 13.000 150.000. Al Qudra Suez Services: A JV between the Al Qudra Group of the UAE and Suez signed in 2008.294 1.239.000 2.313.738 Sewerage 9.

LDE took full control of Assainissement de Marseille. Eaux du Nord. 7million people have been connected to piped water supplies through service extensions by Suez. Suez has not made appreciable progress in gaining new contracts in France. where it has since remained.600 contracts with an average life of 8 years. At the same time. Suez provided 17million people with water (including some 3million in joint contracts with VE) and 9million with sewerage services. By 2001. The 1972 acquisition of Degrémont SA saw the company move from straightforward service provision to a more broadly based design. the two Paris water service leases will be terminated.000 subscribers in France. New contracts and contract renewals. in December 2009.5 12 8 15 12 18 6 10 9 15 SE believes that it currently serves 12. Suez acquired all the outstanding shares in Degrémont SA. In 1997. Bronzo.SUEZ Ondeo and poverty reduction In 2003 Ondeo provided water to 46. The company manages a total of 2. build.5million people in developing economies. gaining 3% of the French water market or some 1.0million people in France (19% of the French population) and provides sewerage and wastewater treatment for 9million people (17% of the connected population). Suez had 300. Eaux d‘Arles & Société Varoise. with two exceptions.5million people.5million in South Africa. operate and transfer contract approach. Silim. By 1958. Suez acquired SDI in 1991. As part of the 2008 restructuring of contracts between Suez Environnement and Veolia Environnement. where they are within 200metres of a standpipe. including 8. Of the eleven joint contracts with Veolia (Générale des Eaux). Between 2002 and 241 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 . This includes 2. The sewerage market is growing at an appreciably faster rate than the water market. Eaux de Versailles & St-Cloud.FRANCE PART 3(i): COMPANY ANALYSIS: MAJOR PLAYERS . France SE‘s Lyonnaise des Eaux France (LDEF) has been Veolia Environnement‘s (VE) chief competitor in France (and globally) more or less since 1880. Since the ending of Droit d‘entrée in 1995. January 2010 to June 2011 New Contracts Rouen (CREA) Strasbourg Sartrouville aquatic centre Nimes Ouest St Dizier Syndicat mixte du Dijonnais Satrod SIAAP services Hyères Cuers Rambouillet Sainte Menehould Renewals Epinay Longjumeau CA Porte de l‘Isère Cholet Gif-sur-Yvette Blaye Val de Gray Fouesnant Agde Orléans La Vaunage Rouen/CREA Périgueux Nimes Métropole SICTEU EURmillion 23 98 25 17 16 14 14 10 54 12 10 10 EURmillion 29 28 27 21 18 14 11 166 106 28 23 17 16 15 Years 6 8 20 9 12 11 10 12 10 10 15 Years 16 8 10 14 17. eight are now held solely by Suez and three by Veolia. no contracts of material significance have been lost.7million people below the poverty line worldwide. However. Martiniquaise des Eaux. Guyannaise des Eaux & Stéphanoise des Eaux at the start of 2010 while Generale des Eaux took full control of Eaux de Marseille.

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2007, LDEF retained 82% in terms of contracts and 89% in terms of revenues, which eased to 81% and 87% respectively for 2003-08, with 131 out of 164 contracts due for renewal retained in 2008, along with 30 new contracts. LEDF renewed 81% of contracts by number and 88% by revenues for 2004-09, or 163 out of 210 contracts along with gaining 50 new contracts. Spain Suez‘s main involvement in Spain is through Agbar, which is included at the end of this entry. In addition, Degrémont is active in developing desalination contracts in Spain and has built or gained orders for 34 plants to date. 2006 2007 Barcelona Muxtamel 30 year concession 5 year DBO 1,300,000 desalination 200,000 desalination
3

The former is a EUR159million contract which will provide 200,000m of water/day at a cost of EUR159million, entering service in 2009 and the latter is a EUR55million contract for two towns in 3 3 Alicante, with an average production of 50,000m /day, rising to 80,000m /day in the tourist season. 3 Degrémont anticipated operating plants desalinating at least 2million m /day of water worldwide by 2009. In addition, SE acquired a 33% interest in Aguas de Valencia (AgVal) in October 2007. AgVal provides water management for 3million people of the Valencia region. SE purchased this minority interest from SAUR for EUR135million. The majority shareholder of AVSA remains Inversiones Financieras AgVal, a Spanish consortium formed by local shareholders, who hold the other 67% of the company. AgVal serves 1million people in Valencia (a 50 year contract renewed in 2001) and has a further 174 water and sewerage contracts in Spain. Belgium Suez‘s Watco provides water to some 300,000 people in Belgium. Turnover rose from EUR29.6million in 1998 to EUR47.7million in 2000 before falling back to EUR40.5million in 2001. Italy Suez increased its stake in ACEA to 8.6% in October 2005. As of December 2010, this was 6.52%. The Aqua Toscane and Arezzo contracts are held by Suez and the others outlined here by ACEA (see separate entry). 1998 Aqua Toscane 30 year concession 50,000 water & sewerage

Suez holds 100% of Aqua Toscane, which concentrates on water provision for Fiestole (contract started in 1991), Montecatini Terme (1989) and Ponte Buggianes (1992), Florence in Tuscany. 1999 Arezzo 25 year concession 350,000 water & sewerage

In January 1999, a Suez-led consortium gained the first international tender award for a water and sewerage concession following the belated liberalisation of the market in the wake of the 1994 Galli law. Suez‘s consortium holds 46% of Nuove Acque, with 54% being held by public entities. The contract was formally signed in June 1999. The concession has a JV with the 37 communes involved. 2003 Pisa ATO privatisation 800,000 water & wastewater

A 45% stake in Acque SpA was acquired by the ACEA led consortium for EUR19.2million. Acque is Tuscany‘s ATO-2, serving 57 communes. The concession will generate EUR1.2billion in revenues. 2003 Siena/Grosetto ATO privatisation 350,000 water & wastewater

A 40% equity stake in the Acquedotto de Fiora was acquired by the ACEA led consortium for EUR19.3million, with a concession life of 25 years. The ATO-6 covers 56 communes and required some EUR433million in capital spending. 2003 Florence ATO privatisation 1,200,000 water & wastewater

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The ACEA led consortium has acquired 40% of Publiacqua SpA, the holder of the 20 year concession to operate water and wastewater services for 50 communes in Tuscany‘s ATO-3. Publiacqua had a turnover of EUR104million in 2002 and net profits of EUR8million. The consortium is contributing EUR60million towards the EUR150million capital increase, with the municipalities paying the remaining EUR90million. In conjunction with the privatisation, EUR300million of Publiacqua‘s revenues were securitised in order to pay for the capital increase and retire mature debt. With ACEA and Ondeo controlling services for 2.7million out of the 3.5million people living in Tuscany, a rationalisation of these concessions is planned. Slovakia 1999 Trencin 20 year lease 150,000 water & wastewater

Suez‘s TVS was awarded the concession for 50 local authorities in October 1999. The contract requires EUR40million in Capex, including construction of a new sewage treatment works, with EUR5million pa in turnover at the outset. This is the first water services privatisation in the country. Slovenia 1997 Maribor 25 year concession 190,000 wastewater treatment

In February 1997 Suez became the preferred bidder for the Maribor concession. EUR30million investment is needed and the concession project will generate a turnover of EUR8million. There is an EBRD loan attached to the project. The population equivalent for the plant is 200,000 (equivalent to EUR29/capita pa). Maribor is Slovenia‘s second largest city. Suez is the largest shareholder in the consortium (40% stake, including Degrémont as the constructor). Suez built a water treatment plant in Kopper in 1995. This was the first BOT wastewater treatment contract to be awarded in Central and Eastern Europe. Hungary With the gaining of the Budapest water provision contract, Suez‘s total water services turnover in Hungary is now in excess of EUR85million pa. The contracts serving Pécs and Káposvár had a total turnover of EUR18million pa. Suez has set up a holding company for all its Hungarian water activities. The Eleseban contract ended in 2009. 1997 Budapest 25 year water distribution 2,200,000 water

Suez and RWE Aqua control all the shares of the management company and 25% of the equity of the asset management company. The management company formed by Suez (51%) and RWE Aqua (49%) has a 25% stake in Fövarosi Vizmuvek (FV) for USD82million. Suez thus holds 13% of the asset company. FV has a USD65million turnover and employs 2,200 staff. The population currently served is 2.0million. 2006 Budapest 4 years, DBO 1,500,000 wastewater

In 2006 Degrémont and Veolia, along with Hídépíto and Alterra, two local civil works companies, gained a EUR290million contract to build (EUR249million) and operate for four years (EUR40million) a 3 3 350,000m /day wastewater treatment works (wet weather capacity 900,000m ) at Csepel to serve 1.5million people in the Budapest area. The facility will enter service in 2010 and will be operated by them until 2014. 1995 Pécs 25 year lease 198,000 water & sewerage

Suez holds 48% of Pecsi Vizmu, the operating company, with the municipality holding the remaining 52%. Since 1995, the number of people served has increased from 180,900 to 198,000. Distribution losses have decreased from 35% to 21%. This contract was suspended in 2009 and ended in 2010, which Suez is currently contesting.

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Czech Republic 1993 1994 1996 Brno (BVK) Ostrava South Moravia 25 year concession 30 year concession 25 year concession 420,000 water & sewerage 330,000 water & sewerage 350,000 water & sewerage

Suez holds 46% of BVK, the operating company in Brno. The concession was extended for a 25 year period in October 1999 (starting from 2000). The new concession involves upgrading the wastewater treatment plant to meet the EU‘s UWWTD criteria. 1994 Karlovy Vary 25 year concession 180,925 water & sewerage

Karlovy Vary is based in North Moravia. Suez holds 49.8% of VAK, the operating company‘s equity. 3 Net profits increased from CZK26million in 2005 to CZK28million in 2006, with 15.205million m of water provided in 2006, although water consumption fell from 101.7 to 99.6L/capita/day between 2005 and 2006. 1999 Ostrava area 15 year concession 750,000 water & sewerage

AWG and Suez acquired approximately 76% of the equity of Severomoravske Vodovody a Kanalizace AS (SmVaK) from the municipalities and small shareholders in the region during 1999. Suez currently holds 50.07% of SmVaK. Revenues rose 3.8% to CZK828million in 2006, with a 2% increase in pretax profits to CZK62.5million. 2000 2000 2001 Benesov Davle Sumperk N/A N/A Concession 38,000 water & sewerage 37,000 water & sewerage 120,000 water & wastewater

82% of Sumperska Provozni Vodohospoda Ska Spole Nost (SPVS) has been acquired by Ondeo Services. SPVS serves 40 towns and districts in the North East with a total turnover of EUR6million pa. Ondeo serves 2.3million people in the Czech Republic and had a 2000 turnover of EUR138million. Russian Federation 2004 Moscow 13 year BOOT 1,000,000 water treatment
3

EVN‘s WTE awarded the BOOT contract to Degrémont in June 2004. The 275,000m /day plant will provide potable water to South West Moscow from 2007 and is being operated by Degrémont and WTE until 2017. Germany In Germany, Suez operates via Eurawasser. In 2002, Suez bought out Thyssen AG‘s 51% stake in the JV. Eurawasser had a turnover of EUR75million in 2001 and serves 600,000 people. Revenues in 2009 were EUR62million. 2010 2009 Bad Breisig Rheingau Partnership 5&3 year partnership 13,000 water 79,000 water & sewerage

Eurawasser has taken over the operations of Rheingauwasser GmbH (44,000 people) and Abwasserverband Oberer Rheingau (35,000 people). 2004 Cottbus 25 year partnership 147,000 water & sewerage

Eurawasser acquired 28.9% of Lausitzer Wasser in February 2004. The town of Cottbus retains 50.1% of the company with the balance being held by local municipalities. Water will be supplied to 102,000 people in Cottbus and 45,000 in surrounding areas, along with sewerage services for 117,000 people. Water revenues are EUR12million for water supply and EUR16million for wastewater pa. 1993 2000 Rostock Mecklenburg 25 year concession 25 year concession 250,000 water & sewerage 61,000 water & wastewater

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Rostock was the first major concession awarded to a private sector consortium in Germany. It forms part of the 1991 Baltic Action Plan for reducing effluent discharges into the Baltic Sea. Eurawasser‘s work on the first phase of the Rostock wastewater treatment facility was completed for EUR85million in 1996 and its treatment capacity increased from 320,000 PE to 400,000 PE in 2002. Total capital spending over the life of the contract will be approximately EUR450million, with EUR300million spent by 2008. 311,000 are served for sewerage and 262,000 for water. The Mecklenburg concession was merged with Rostock in 2003. Wastewater connections for peripheral communities have increased from 28% in 1993 to 86% by 2007 for EUR142million. 2000 Gustrow 25 year BOT 35,000 wastewater

The two contracts (Mecklenburg and Gustrow) signed in April 2000 serve a total of 105,000 people in the Mecklenburg-Pomerania region of North East Germany. The Gustrow contract, signed in April 3 2000, is for the design, construction and management of a wastewater plant to treat 2.4million m pa. 1994 Goslar 25 year concession 55,000 sewerage

Eurawasser has gained a 25 year sewerage contract for Goslar (Lower Saxony) from April 1996. Eurawasser controls a holding of 100% of the management and 49% of assets in terms of equity stakes. The facility will treat 98,000 people equivalents: 55,000 people, 43,000 for industry. 2000 Kriensen 25 year concession 12,000 water & sewerage

In February 2000, a concession was signed for services to the city of Kriensen. 2001 Schwerin Participation 100,000 water & sewerage

Suez will participate in up to 49% of the water company following a two year transition period (called a ‗silent participation‘) in the city‘s multi-utility. Great Britain Suez sold 72.5% of its 100% stake in Ondeo Services UK in May 2002 (see separate entry for Northumbrian Water). The remaining stake was sold to the Ontario Teacher‘s Pension Plan for EUR377million in April 2005 for a capital gain of EUR260million. Bristol Water is owned via Agbar. Greece Suez holds 5.46% of Thessalonica‘s Eyath (see company entry). Morocco 1997 Casablanca 30 year management 3.8million water & sewerage

Lyonnaise des Eaux de Casablanca (LYDEC) manages the Urban Community of Casablanca 2 contract, covering 4.0million people. This represents 25% of the Moroccan market, with a 1,000km area and 23 urban communities covered. Ondeo Services will be responsible for water and sewerage and Elyo for electricity. 14% of LYDEC‘s equity was sold on the Casablanca Bourse on 18 July 2005, 80% of the shares being bought by local investors. Suez Environnement continues to hold 51% of LYDEC with Elyo‘s 20.75% stake being transferred to SE in 2007 and the remaining 35% being held by Moroccan institutions (see company entry). The water contract is worth MAD5billion (USD517million) for the expansion and upgrading of water distribution and treatment. Between 1997 and 2007, the number of households connected to the water network rose from 440,000 to 700,000. The wastewater contract is worth MAD16billion (USD1.6billion). By the end of 2006, EUR560million had been invested in the various services. It involves the construction of three WWTWs, including recovery systems and the creation and extension of the sewerage network in development zones of western Casablanca. Currently, 5% of the 3 population is connected to the sewerage network. Leakages of 25million m pa have been dealt with since 1997, equivalent to 5% of water delivered. 2000 Oum Er Rbia 30 year concession Bulk water provision

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The bulk water supply concession for one third of Casablanca was awarded to Elyo and Ondeo Services. EUR30.5million will be spent on the rehabilitation and upgrading of bulk water supplies 3 delivering 55million m of water to the city, generating EUR305million over the concession‘s life. 2005 Marrakech 5 year DBO 1,000,000 wastewater treatment

The DBO calls for a wastewater treatment facility to enter service by the end of 2006. The facility is being funded by an EIB loan and Degrémont will receive EUR9million for its role. Algeria 2005 Taksebt
3

5 year DBO

2,000,000 water treatment

This is a 610,000m /day water treatment facility, operated on behalf of SNC Lavalin. Construction of the facility started in May 2006 and opened in 2009. Degrémont will gain EUR38million from the contract. 2005 Athmania
3

5 year DBO

1,000,000 water treatment

This is a 262,500m /day water treatment facility, operated on behalf of Algérienne des Eaux. The facility entered service in 2007 and Degrémont will gain EUR24million from the contract. 2005 Algiers 5+5 year O&M 3,500,000 water & wastewater

The initial contract formally started in April 2006 and was worth EUR120million. This was extended for a further 5 years in 2011 with the second contract being worth EUR107 million. The Algerian authorities are responsible for EUR200million pa in investment alongside the project for upgrading and extending the services of Société des Eaux et d'Assainissement d'Algers, with 24hrs per day service rising from 16% in 2006 to 71% in 2008. Oman 2006 Oman Water & power IWPP 500,000 water desalination
3

Barka 2 is the first private sector water and power facility in Oman. The 120,000m per day facility contract was gained with Oman‘s National Trading Company and Mubadala. Saudi Arabia In June 2002, Suez signed a contract with the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia to oversee a EUR10billion 10 year investment programme for the development of water and wastewater in Mecca Province. Mecca Province has 7.5million inhabitants and three major urban areas: the Holy City, Jeddah and Taif. In Jeddah, the second largest city in the country (2.6million people) there is a chronic shortage of water resources and less than 20% of the city is equipped with a sewer system. 2008 Jeddah 7 year O&M 3,000,000 water & wastewater

The 7 year USD61million contract started in September 2008, with the aim of bringing 24 hour water delivery, leakage reduction and to reduce sewage network overflows. The contract covers 5,300km of water distribution mains and 1,000km of sewerage networks. 2007 Jubail 23 year BOOT 3,500,000 water desalination

In June 2007, financing was completed for the USD3.44billion required by the independent power and 3 water project. 800,000m /day of water will be desalinated. The Suez led consortium (Suez, GE and Hyundai Heavy Industries) holds 60% of the project equity, with 40% being held by Saudi Government institutions. Jordan 2002 Northern Jordan 25 year BOT 2,200,000 wastewater

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The contract, announced in July 2002, is designed to bring new water resources into the north of the country. 60% of the USD154million capital spending will come from USAID as a grant. The Khirbet asSamra treatment facility will replace an existing waste stabilisation pond treatment system, serving about 2.2million residents in Amman and surrounding towns. Construction started in December 2003 with the consortium operating the plant for 22 years after it went into service in August 2008. The 3 facility will handle an average of 267,000m /day of wastewater and the contract will generate revenues 3 of USD15million pa. Up to 100million m pa of treated effluent will be made available for agricultural irrigation. Previously, there has been a management contract for water resources serving 2.5million people in the Greater Amman area which started in 2000 and was handed back to the Government on its completion in December 2006. Egypt 2007 Cairo DBO
3

1,800,000 wastewater

Degrémont has worked with the 1.5million m per day Gabal El Asfar wastewater treatment plant serving 9million people in Cairo since 2002. In 2007, it was awarded a EUR34million DBO contract to 3 extend the plant by 300,000m per day to serve a further 1.8million people. Degrémont has been active in Egypt since 1948 and its water treatment works serve 70% of Cairo‘s 18million residents. Qatar 2006 Lusail 10 year DBO 250,000 wastewater

Degrémont, along with Marubeni Corporation (Japan, pumping stations and conveyor/SCT) and 3 Mushrif Trading and Construction Company (Qatar, civil engineering) will build a 60,000m /day WWTW serving 200,000 people in the city of Lusail under a EUR143million contract. It includes 10km of sewage transfer systems and will cost USD123million to construct and generate USD65million in management fees. The contract was awarded in April 2006 and the facility entered service in 2007. 2005/11 Doha 10 year DBO 650,000 wastewater

A joint venture between Degrémont and Marubeni was awarded a USD180million construction (50/50) 3 and USD80million operation (70/30) contract for the 135,000m /day facility in December 2005 which entered service in 2010. A EUR65million expansion project was gained in 2011 raising the treatment 3 capacity to 175,000m /day, serving an additional 150,000 people. UAE In March 2007, Suez signed a strategic partnership with Abu Dhabi‘s Al Qudra Holdings for bidding for water and waste management projects in the region. 2007 Dubai 10 year DBO 900,000 wastewater re-use

A USD800million DBO contract with Palm Utilities to design, build and operate a sewerage system 3 and 220,000m per day wastewater treatment and reuse facility serving the Jumeriah Golf Estates development in Dubai. This city is currently under development and has a planned population of 900,000. Palm Utilities holds a 30 year water services concession for the city from its developer. Degrémont will hold 54% of the project. Cameroon 2000 SNEC 20 year concession 5,300,000 water provision

A 51% stake in SNEC (Société National d'Eau du Cameroon) was acquired in May 2000 as part of a concession award. The contract includes the upgrading and rehabilitation of water distribution systems in a number of towns and cities, including Douala and Yaounde, which account for 43% of Cameroon‘s population. Turnover is EUR24million pa, with total investments of EUR300million.

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North America United Water Resources (UWR) was founded in 1869 and was floated in 1986. In 1994 UWR merged with Suez‘s General Waterworks Company, giving Suez a 30% holding in UWR. Until it was acquired by Suez, it was the second largest listed water services company in the USA. Suez‘s USA arm, Lyonnaise American Holdings acquired the remaining 67% of UWR‘s equity that it did not hold in 2000 and its 50% holding in United Water Services (UWS) for EUR1,108million. After the Earth Tech acquisition in 2008, the company currently serves 7.3million people, 5.1million through its outsourcing activities with 184 contracts in 26 states and 2.2million via 20 regulated utilities in 8 states in the USA. In addition, Utility Service Group was acquired in 2008, which manages and maintains 4,000 water tanks for 2,000 municipalities in 4,000 states. Acquisition of Earth Tech’s US O&M activities As part of the divestiture of Earth Tech‘s water operations by AECOM, SE acquired 130 O&M contracts generating revenues of USD40million pa in the North East and Mid West regions of the USA. These contracts cover an estimated 1.0million people. 1997 Franklin 20 year DBFO 33,000 water

A 5million gallon per day water treatment plant was constructed by Earth Tech in 1997 at a cost of USD15million. The facility supplies water to the entire city. 2001 Newport 20 year DBO 26,000 wastewater

The contract involves constructing a 10.7million gallon per day wastewater facility for Rhode Island City and will generate USD68.9million in revenues. It is anticipated that the DBO will undercut original cost projections by 25% over its life. 2003 New London 5&5 year O&M 45,000 water & wastewater

The five year O&M contract for the city of New London, CT is worth USD4.4million and carries a five year renewal option. It covers the city‘s water system (14,000 customers) and wastewater systems (6,000 customers). UWR, revenues and assets, 2005-09 USDmillion Regulated revenues Non-regulated revenues Total revenues Regulated Asset Base 2005 313 186 400 1,200 2006 327 189 516 1,300 2007 360 218 578 1,400 2008 385 267 652 1,600 2009 403 359 763 1,700

UWR, regional breakdown of people served by regulated activities in 2010-11 Arkansas Connecticut Delaware Delaware – Bethel Idaho New Jersey – Bergen, Hudson & Sussex New Jersey – Hunterton New Jersey – Sussex, Morris and Passaic New Jersey – Toms River New York – West Nyack New York – Owego-Nichols New York – New Rochelle Pennsylvania Rhode Island Total utility operations 53,000 17,500 109,000 5,800 250,000 800,000 4,000 8,000 125,000 270,000 4,500 150,000 165,000 19,500 1,981,000

In February 2007, United Water acquired the Aquarion Water Company of New York for USD28million, serving some 7,500 people with water services and 20,000 with wastewater treatment in three towns
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in the State of New York. This is now called United Water Westchester. In addition, approximately 200,000 people are served by smaller owned activities in eight other states. New York South County, a regulated water supply company was acquired for USD3million in May 2004. Rate rises for regulated activities granted in 2010-11: State / Location Connecticut Delaware Arkansas New Rochelle New York New Jersey Toms River Pennsylvania Idaho Date April 2011 February 2011 November 2010 November 2010 August 2010 August 2010 June 2010 March 2010 March 2010 Rate rise 21% 7% 7% 34% 33% 8% 19% 9% 10%

UWS, non-regulated activities UWS was formed in 1997 through the merger of LDE/UWR and JMM-OSI. UWS has 240 contracts in 26 states and currently serves some 5.1million people via a series of O&M contracts. 2001 turnover was USD174.8million. The Bechtel/United Utilities O&M outsourcing company US Water was acquired for USD40million in 2002. US Water gained its first water and wastewater operating contract in 1982 with the New Jersey Highway Authority. These activities are concentrated in Illinois, North Carolina, Rhode Island and New Jersey. The 1994 wastewater treatment contract with Indianapolis serving 800,000 people was renewed in 2007 with the new contract running from 2008. In June 2007, UW acquired Aquarion Services (AOS), part of Kelda Group‘s Aquarion. AOS managed Aquarion‘s water outsourcing activities, covering 650,000 inhabitants in six States (Connecticut, Rhode Island, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, New York and California) through 82 subsidiaries and generating revenues of EUR24million in 2006 compared with USD19million in 2002. AOS‘s largest contract, a 10 year, USD110million contract to operate the wastewater treatment plant for the Water Pollution Control Authority in Bridgeport, Connecticut was gained in April 2003. The 1994 Indianapolis contract was renewed for 9 years from 2008 with an option for a further 11 years. The new contract will be worth USD178million. The Jersey City contract was renewed for a 3 further 10 years in 2008 in a contract worth EUR90million. The 227,000m per day Gary sewerage and sewage treatment contract was extended for 5 years in June 2008, generating total revenues of USD54million. In 2009 UWS gained a five year O&M contract for water reuse for commercial, agricultural and industrial applications in West Basin, California. The USD270million project is the largest water recovery scheme in Southern California. UWS, Main Contracts (net of AOS and Earth Tech) Location (state) Allamuchy (NJ) Atlanta (GA) Avalon (CA) Banning (CA) Bedminster (NJ) Big Canoe (GA) Boone County (IA) Burbank (CA) Camden (NJ) Claremont (NH) Cumberland (IA) DeSoto (MI) E Providence (RI) El Segundo (CA) Freeport (IL) Gardner (MA) Gary (IA) Contract O&M, WTW & WWTW 20 Year O&M, WTW 5 Year O&M, WWTW 5 Year O&M, WWTW 5 Year O&M, WW 5 Year O&M, WTW & WWTW 5 Year O&M, WW collection 5+5 Year O&M, WWTW 20 Year O&M, WTW & WWTW W&WW O&M 5 Year O&M, WWTW 5 Year O&M, WWTW 10 year O&M, WWTW 5 Year O&M, WWTW 5 Year O&M, WTW & WWTW 20 Year PPP, WTW 10 + 5 Year O&M, WWTW
249

Water 3,900 1,500,000 0 0 0 6,500 0 0 87,500 25,000 0 0 0 0 28,000 20,000 0

Sewerage 3,900 0 4,000 27,000 7,100 372 4,500 100,000 87,500 22,000 6,000 156,000 130,000 150 28,000 0 180,000

Combined 3,900 1,500,000 4,000 27,000 7,100 4,500 4,500 100,000 87,500 25,000 6,000 156,000 130,000 150 28,000 20,000 180,000

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Location (state) Glyn County (GA) Hoboken (NJ) Holyoak (MA) Huber Heights (OH) Indianapolis (IA) Jaffrey (NH) Jersey City (NJ) Killingly (CT) Laredo (TX) Laurel (MI) Manalapan (NJ) Manchester (NJ) Mayodan (NC) Milwaukee (WI) Mount Kisco (NY) New Castle (NY) North Adams (MA) Pekin (IL) Phillipsburg (NJ) Pittsburgh (PA) Plainfield (IA) Portage (MI) Rahway (NJ) Reidsville (NC) San Antonio (TX) South Huron (MI) Springfield (MA) Stonington (CT) Total Canada 1998

Contract 5 Year O&M, WTW 20 Year O&M, WTW 20 Year DBO, storm sewerage 15+ Years, O&M, Water 13 + 9 Year O&M, WWTW WWTW concession 8 Year O&M, WTW 5 Year O&M, WWTW 5 Year O&M, WTW & WWTW 5 Year W&WW O&M 20 Year O&M, WTW O&M, WTW 27+ Years, WWTW 10 Year O&M, WWTW 8+ Years, Water O&M 10+ Years, WTW O&M 10 Year O&M, WTW 20 Year O&M, WWTW O&M, WWTW O&M, W & WW 20 Year O&M, WTW 5+5 Year O&M, WTW 20 Year O&M WTW O&M, WTW 10 Year O&M, WTW O&M, WWTW 20 Year O&M, WWTW 5 Year O&M, WTW

Water 35,000 35,000 0 40,000 0 0 239,000 0 700,000 18,400 1,000 19,100 0 0 10,000 16,800 15,500 0 0 350,400 25,000 47,000 26,500 14,300 250,000 0 0 16,000 3,529,900

Sewerage 0 0 55,000 0 800,000 5,400 0 2,600 700,000 18,400 0 0 2,500 1,200,000 0 0 0 34,600 31,450 350,400 0 0 26,500 0 0 90,000 275,000 0 4,348,372

Combined 35,000 35,000 55,000 40,000 800,000 5,400 239,000 2,600 700,000 18,400 1,000 19,100 2,500 1,200,000 10,000 16,800 15,500 34,600 31,450 350,400 25,000 47,000 26,500 14,300 250,000 90,000 275,000 16,000 6,639,200

Banff, Alberta

5 year O&M

7,600 sewage treatment

One O&M contract, operated by UWS. The Halifax contract, gained in 2002 was rescinded in 2003. In June 2004, a EUR80million construction contract for Halifax was signed, with the municipality 3 operating three wastewater treatment plants with a total capacity of 640,000m per day which will enter service between 2006 and 2008. Degrémont has been active in Canada since 1960 and has developed more than 500 water facilities there. Mexico Suez operates in Mexico through Bal-Ondeo, a 50/50 JV with Peñoles (BAL Group). In July 2002, Ondeo acquired Azurix‘s Mexican operations through the JV for USD93million. The five contracts acquired bring Suez‘s population served in Mexico to 7.3million along with USD70million pa in revenues. 2004 San Luis Potosi 18 year BOT 400,000 sewage treatment

This contract has a total value of EUR263million, with a two year construction and 18 year operational 3 phases. 57% of the 80,000m /day of wastewater is to have primary treatment and used as agricultural water, with the other 43% being subjected to tertiary treatment and used for cooling a power station. The contract was awarded to Degrémont, Sumitomo (Japan) and Prodin (Mexico) in June 2004. 1994 1999 Mexico City Mexico City 10&5 year O&M 5&5 year O&M 2.600,000 water systems 2,000,000 water systems

In 1994, IACMEX was awarded a 10 year O&M contract for water metering, billing and collections and water mains maintenance for the central federal district of Mexico City. Azurix acquired a 49% holding in Industrias del Agua de la Cuidad de Mexico (IACMEX) from Severn Trent in 1999. In October 2004, these contracts were extended for a further five years, and generated EUR80million in revenues over

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A further renewal was granted in 2009. with 63.000 by 2009 and is forecast to grow at 3% pa to 2015. including the above contracts. with an increase in sewerage from 30% to 90% and all wastewater treated during this time. 2000 NE Santiago Aguas Cordillera 315. The Culiacan facility is situated in Sinaloa state and has a capacity 3 of 150. Aguas Cordillera serves 88. Suez completed its exit from water and waste management contracts in South America during 2004-07. OIS and Degrémont continue to be active in these markets.5 year BOT BOT 1.000 water & sewerage Suez and Agbar acquired 51% of Empressa Metropolitana de Obras Sanitarias (EMOS.4% of IAM shares on the Santiago Stock Exchange in November 2005 and now holds 14. Azurix acquired its stake in the in Desarollos Hidraulicos de Cancun (DHC-Aguakan) concession in 1999.000m /day. Agbar bought 30. and two industrial BOTs based in Santa Cruz and Altamira.000m of effluents each day.100. Coverage for water has increased from 61% in 1994 to 100% by 2009.000 sewage handling Industrial sewage treatment South America With the exception of its investments in Chile.000. along with the long-term development of its wastewater services. but in May 2005. Aguas Andinas generated EUR215million in consolidated revenues for 2003. 100% of the population is served with piped water and 97% by mains sewerage. There are also 3 BOT contracts previously operated by Azurix: 1999 1999 1999 León Torreón Matamoros BOT 18.1% of Suez‘s holding in Inversiones Aguas Metropolitanas Limitada (IAM) for EUR139. Currently. In June 2010.000 leaks being repaired between 1997 and 2004.4million. while 75% of sewage effluents are treated.000 customers in the Vitacura. Las Condes and Lo Barnechea districts of Santiago.000 water & sewerage Enersis sold Aguas Cordillera to EMOS for USD193million in June 2000.3% of the company.000. Argentina Aguas de Santa Fe was meant to be sold to Fides Group and Grupo Energia BV in 2005. Santiago‘s water supply company for a total of USD1. which had grown to 757.4% directly by Suez. 7.SUEZ this period.000 sewage treatment 1.000 water & sewerage The Cancun resort area has a population of 430. Revenues are expected to double in the next ten years because of wastewater expansion. The Puebla concession announced in October 1999 is for a sewage treatment works capable of handling 3 360.409 in 1994 to 1. now called Aguas Andinas). There are currently 200.000 by 2009. Suez and Agbar sold 43. the World Bank‘s ICSID found against Argentina regarding Santa Fe and Buenos Aires. Aguas de Barcelona. There are two other municipal BOTs serving Juarez and Torreon. All 44 districts of the city are to be covered. The second highest bidder was Biwater at USD179million.100. 1993 Cancun 30 year concession 757. 251 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 .FRANCE PART 3(i): COMPANY ANALYSIS: MAJOR PLAYERS . In July 2004. The Aguas Argentinas concession serving Buenos Aires was ended in March 2006. The Aguas Cordobesa concession (Ondeo Services (39%). 3million tourists visit the resort each year. Suez and Agbar decided to terminate the concession.000 connections.135million in 1999 and 2001. Agbar (17%) and five Argentinean companies) was sold to its local partners in December 2006.018. The number of connections for both projects rose from 629. Chile 1999 Santiago Privatisation of EMOS 5. 1999 2000 Puebla Culiacan 20 year concession 20 year concession Sewage treatment Sewage treatment Ondeo Degrémont operates six sewage BOTs in Mexico.

S-FH 600. 2006 Changshu 30 year concession. China Suez has a total of 16 major contracts for rehabilitating and expanding current water treatment works. serving La Paz & El Alto was handed to the Bolivian Government in January 2007.000 people at the outset in an area where the population is forecast to rise to 1. Suez now serves approximately 14.240. through the acquisition of a 15% interest in Chongqing Water Group for EUR140million.000m /day from 2010. This is the first contract to derive from the April 2004 Chongqing Waster Group agreement and extends the company‘s coverage into the Yuelai district. At the same time.4million residents. 2006 Chongqing 25 year concession. which it operates jointly with New World Development Co. building on Suez‘s water treatment contract signed in 2002 and the agreement drawn up in November 2005 whereby S-FH is investing EUR60million into a joint venture company for the city. with SE‘s share EUR750million covering 420. This covers the treatment and 3 distribution of drinking water through three treatment plants with a total capacity of 675. developing and operating a 300. raising the capacity of the facility to 400. SE is already active in the city. S-FH 1.000m /day. S-FH 1. Degrémont has completed 132 water and sewage treatment construction contracts in China. In 2007 a further contract was signed. Ondeo and SITA manage EUR866million pa of operations in China in 2009. up from EUR300million in 2000. which has a population of 32million. having been operating in China since 1975. a concession contract was signed with CWG for water and wastewater services to the city‘s Changshou Chemical Industry Park. to supply drinking water and treat wastewater in the province of Jiangsu. the city of Bogota unilaterally ended the 1997 Saltire WWTW contract.800.000m per day project started in 2009 and will be completed in 2011.000m per day EUR42million first phase of the CNY1. The contract will generate revenues of approximately EUR35million pa through its operational life.SUEZ Bolivia Aguas de Illimani. SE and New World acquired Earth Tech‘s Chinese contracts in 2009 for EUR12million. 2009 Chongqing 3 40 year concession.000 water SFH will hold 49% of the equity of Changshu Water Supply Co. The entire contract will be worth EUR3billion. CWG operates 32 water treatment plants and 35 wastewater treatment plants in Chongqing by the end of 2007. Colombia In January 2004. of Hong Kong.500.000 people. which had served 1. serving approximately 8. The contract was signed in September 2008.4million people in China via Sino-French Holdings (S-FH).000m /day wastewater treatment works serving the Jiang Bei and Yubei sectors of the city in Tangijatuo. and 2.5billion 600.000 water 3 Construction of the 200. Ltd. EUR60million will be spent on constructing the 3 facility. SE and New World announced they were contemplating strengthening their relations with their local partner in Chongqing.24million by 2020. In addition. CWG aims to provide quality services to the entire Chongqing as well as to expand to surrounding provinces in Western China.500km of piping networks. S-FH 1.000 water 252 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 . Agbar also has activities in China which has established in November 2007 a JV with the Chinese company Golden State Water. 2005 Tianjin 35 year O&M. and is responsible for 20% of China‘s water and wastewater treatment facilities. Brazil Suez‘s interests in Brazil were transferred in 2006.FRANCE PART 3(i): COMPANY ANALYSIS: MAJOR PLAYERS .000 wastewater treatment A 50/50 joint venture contract between S-FH and the Water Company of Chongqing was signed in 3 September 2006 for funding.000. In April 2008.

Revenues are in the region of EUR15million pa. The Sanya contract started in 2004. with the remainder in municipal hands.000 bulk water 290. S-FH 300. The Sanya system in Hainan is 50% held by S-FH and 50% by the municipality‘s Hainan Tianya Water Industry Holding Co. The Tianjin Tanggu Sino-French Water Supply (S-FH) is a 50/50 joint venture between the city and S-FH.000 water 610. 2002 2002 Chongqing Qingdao 50 year concession 25 year BOT 1.000 water The Xinchang treatment works were expanded in 2004. two WTWs in Qingdao are to be 3 refurbished and expanded for a total cost of EUR430million. S-FH 300.500.000 bulk water 146. The project involves USD15million in Capex for the upgraded potable water treatment plant. and involve a total of USD35million in capital spending. S-FH 30 year BMO. Degrémont carried out the engineering work and the extended facility entered service in 2006. S-FH 1. 2010 2002 2009 Dalian Shanghai Suzhou O&M 30 year concession 30 year concession 70.000 bulk water supply 1. The contract has seen the expansion the current 3 3 capacity of the two extant plants from 0.FRANCE PART 3(i): COMPANY ANALYSIS: MAJOR PLAYERS . 1994 Guangzhou 30 year BMO. S-FH 400.3million inhabitants.000m /day of water.000 bulk water supply A USD25million build and manage contract in Sichuan province.000 wastewater These contracts are primarily concerned with industrial services (see separate entry) but serve people living in the area.200. They originally served a total of 1.400. S-FH 22 year BMO. S-FH 20 year BMO. based upon enlarging a water treatment facility that now supplies 20% of the city‘s 2million population. The two plants treat 726.000 bulk water supply 500. S-FH 900. 70% of whom are currently served with potable water. 66% of the Zongshan contract is held by Sino-French Holdings. 1999 1999 1998 Changtu Wanzhou Zongshan 30 year BMO.000m /day respectively of water and generating a turnover of USD500million over the contracts‘ life. Likewise.7million people. The Dalian Changxing Island Harbour Industrial Zone contract is 95% held by S-FH and 5% by Itochu.700. 1997 Lianjiang 30 year O&M. 1995 Chongqing 30 year BMO. with USD62million being spent on capital works for 3 3 facilities delivering 400.0million m /day.5million people. These contracts will generate USD400million in turnover during their lives.000m /day.SUEZ The CNY470million (EUR57million) water treatment plant is to serve part of the city of Tianjin.000 wastewater 20. with 1.000 bulk water supply Lianjiang is in Guangdong Province.000 bulk water supply The contracts for Zhengzhou (Henan) and Baoding (Hebei) were announced in March 2000. 2002 2001 2004 Panjin Xinchang Sanya 30 year BOT 30 year BOT 30 year O&M 350. 3 The facility has a treatment capacity of 320. 2000 2000 Zhengzhou Baoding 30 year BMO. which is being built by Degrémont.000 bulk water supply 900.000m /day and 200.7million m /day to 1. The town and surrounding areas has 1.000m /day of water following expansion work in 2009.000 bulk water supply 253 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 .000 bulk water supply The contracts for the provinces of Changtu (Chongqing) and Wanzhou (Liaoning) were formally awarded in April 2000.000 water Two WTWs in Chongqing have been refurbished and expanded for a total cost of EUR150million and 3 the two plants can handle 250.000 water 2. Zongshan is in Guangdong province.

000 water treatment These contracts were previously operated by Earth Tech and acquired by Suez in 2009. The contract was renewed for a further 20 years in 2009.000m /day of water is provided. build and manage three sewage plants for a total daily volume of 75.000 sewage treatment 254 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 . Turnover will be of EUR185million over the duration of the contract.3million m per day of wastewater. in the province of Kyonggi.000 people. 40%) became the preferred bidder for a contract to design.000 bulk water supply 170. S-FH 30 year BOT.000 bulk water supply The Tanzhou WTW has a current capacity of 150. The 2 phase project will treat 0.000 during peak periods at a cost of USD10million. Taiwan 2002 Kaohsiung 17 year BOT 3.000 bulk water supply 160.26million m of effluent 3 per day. including 140. a subsidiary of China Steel. The new facility will produce 450.SUEZ The Guangzhou contract will account for 25% of the city‘s current needs.000.000m per day of water to serve a projected population of 150.000m³ and an 85km collecting network in the county of Yangju. of which Ondeo Degrémont‘s share is EUR90million 3 or EUR6million pa over the 15 year O&M stage. Korea 2000 Yangju 24 year BOT 100. with SFH holding 52% of the project company‘s equity.13million m of wastewater per day for 400. with a EUR1billion total contract value. construction. Jiangxi 35 year BOT. Non-revenue water in Tanzhou has fallen from 40% in 1992 to 6% in 2009.000 inhabitants in 2016 due to urban development. S-FH 3 200. is responsible for billing customers in Changli. It entered service in 2003 and Earth Tech will manage and operate the system for 18 years. 3 330.500. Suez/New World Holdings (NWH) holds 85% of the concession. work started on the Xi Lang wastewater treatment plant in Guangzhou. Qing Huang Dao Pacific Water Company. 1999 2001 2003 Changli Guangzhou Tianjin 30 year ‗concession‘ 20 year DBFO 20 year DBFO 60. The contract is worth EUR200million. The first phase will treat 0. The 3 USD120million 20 year DBFO contract is a JV. for the overhaul and operation of a drinking water plant in Kaohsiung.000m /day of drinking water by March 2004. The population currently stands at 100. treatment. 2001 Pusan 18 year BOT 800. The plant is capable of treating more than 500.000m /day. The Nanchang treatment facility was expanded in 2008.000 sewage treatment 1. S-FH 28 year BOT. 20 year DBFO project for the Jie Yuan Water Treatment Plant in Tianjin was awarded by the Tianjin Water Works Group Co to Earth Tech Jieuan Water Co Ltd in May 2002. The JV Company.000 water supply This is a renewal of the SAAM contract awarded in 1988 for water provision to 540. The second phase 3 treats an additional 0. The remaining 14 years of the contract will generate revenues of EUR77million. The Changli contract involves developing a water supply. plus a tourist population of 75.000 people and serve most of the city's Fang Cun District. the largest and fastest-growing district in Guangzhou.000 customers.000 habitants but is predicted to reach 400.000 water & sewerage 400.000 sewage treatment Suez and Ondeo Degrémont (60%) and Hanwha (Korea.000 water treatment Taiwan Water Supply Corporation awarded a reconstruction and O&M contract to Ondeo Degrémont and Ecotek. and O&M of the county's water supply system. The Changli concession covers engineering.000m³ of water per day and will be comprehensively renovated and upgraded. In December 2001. project management.000.FRANCE PART 3(i): COMPANY ANALYSIS: MAJOR PLAYERS . and 3 distribution system that will produce up to 60. A USD400million. 1992 1994 1996 Tanzhou Gaozhou Nanchang. 1985 Macao 25+20 year concession 540.

Inc.000gal/day facility and 24km of collecting sewerage pipes will cost USD160million to build. built and operated 130 drinking water and wastewater treatment plants including water works in Mumbai (11million people). The initial investment period was extended from 5 to 10 years in 2000 so as to prevent price rises after a 24% tariff rise in 1999. Philippines Maynilad Water Services (MWSI) Maynilad Water Services. PT PAM Lyonnaise Jaya was therefore able to obtain an 8.5million people). along with the MWSS executed a Debt Capital and Restructuring Agreement. 2004. 2010 Bangalore 3 2+7 year DBO 3. along with a IDR 455 billion (USD50million) loan arranged with the ADB in 2008.97% of the shares of MWSI. 2007 Chennai 3 7 year O&M 4.FRANCE PART 3(i): COMPANY ANALYSIS: MAJOR PLAYERS . In addition. 2005. PT PAM Lyonnaise Jaya‘s USD denominated debt was refinanced in July 2005 through an INR650billion bond issue of approximately USD67million.7million from the Tamil Nadu Urban Finance and Infrastructure Development Corporation. the creditors released it from loan obligations worth a total of USD220million. On April 29. Bangalore (1. As part of this.000 water The number living in West Jakarta increased from 3. 3 with the West Zone population rising to 6. providing for an automatic half-yearly rate revision.000m per day EUR59million facility serving 4million people to be built under a 4 year DBO contract signed in January 2008. with Ondeo holding the remaining shares. The operating contract runs from 2007-14. 255 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 . financed with EUR6.2million.900.000 water 3 A 600. This is India‘s largest water treatment works and the first to be fully operated by Suez.6million from a French State protocol and EUR18. MWSS acquired 83.SUEZ The 135. India Degrémont has been present in India since 1954 and has designed.500m per day plant will be built in a 30 month period and operated for 10 years by Degrémont in a EUR27million contract. The concession currently treats 615.5million by 2010.000m per day facility.5million by 2020.000m /day of drinking water treatment plant for the Chennai Metro Water Supply and Sewerage Board started in July 2005 a total cost of EUR25.5million to 12. In 2007.5million people) and Delhi (3. The treated effluent will be used for agricultural irrigation. The 1. MWSS took over the operations of MWSI in January and sold this to a consortium led by Metro Pacific Investments (see company entry) in 2007. MWSI and its bank creditors. Rate adjustment negotiations resulted in an addendum to the concession agreement on December 24.000m per day plant will be will be built to augment the city‘s 400.000 wastewater treatment A 136. with the contract generating USD490million over its lifetime. Jakarta‘s population is expected to rise from 9. Ondeo holds 65% of the consortium. 2008 Delhi 3 10 year DBO 600. (MWSI) was awarded the western half of the Metro Manila (MWSS) water distribution concession in August 1997.5% revision in July 2005. Pusan has a total population of 4million.000m /day of water.000m per 3 day Mumbai facility will be augmented by a 990. In return.000. It will enter service in 2012. a strategic partnership with Mahindra 3 Infrastructure Developers Ltd was signed for developing new projects in India.000.7million.3% rate revision in January 2005 and another 9. The design-build element of the EUR35million project is being supported by Japan‘s JICA.000 water treatment Construction of the 530. Indonesia 1997 West Jakarta 25 year concession 2. it is predicted this will rise to 100% by 2022.900. along with Samsung Engineering (20%) and Khumo Industrial (15%). with 80% paying. 50% of residents are currently connected.5million to 4.

.000 bulk water This is a USD85million BOT for a drinking water supply plant for Medan. 1989/95 Taiping. Australia 1993 1996 Sydney Noosa 25 year BOO 25 year BOT 3. build and operate Perth's first reverse osmosis desalination plant. Malaysia 1993 Johor-Barhu 20 year BOT contract 715.456 43. Bht. with 25% of the original network being rehabilitated. The water supply for Phase 1 will be 170.6% 59. 1997 Medan 25 year BOT 2.6million to 2.776 42.000 wastewater 3 Pimpama is a wastewater treatment plant for the town near Brisbane. In July 2006. providing water for 80% of the city. operating the facility‘s 3. 2005 Perth 25 year DBO 250.SUEZ Connections NRW Service coverage 3 Sales (million m ) 1998 290. PT Astratel Nusantra of Indonesia now owns 30% of PT PAM Lyonnaise Jaya‘s equity.3% 64. Water Sdn.000 wastewater Australian Water Services (AWS) is a JV between Suez and Lend Lease Pty formed by Suez in 1991.24million m³/day of water to 0.5 2009 421.230 48% 55.63million m³/day of potable water. Queensland was gained in 1996.000 water supply Johor-Barhu involves the lease of a water provision facility generating 0.765 46. Perth‘s Western Australia Water Corporation chose Degrémont and Multiplex Engineering to design.0% 130.000 water treatment 45. A BOT concession for Noosa.5million). Suez has operated a water contract in the industrial zone of Cilegon. with the number of low income customers increasing eight fold.8% 89.500. Bhd.000Ml/day capacity.557 45. The contract was extended when a 0.000 desalination In April 2004.300km. increasing to 260.35million people via a 20 year BOT contract signed in 1988 and started in 1989. Turnover will be USD2billion over the contract‘s life.FRANCE PART 3(i): COMPANY ANALYSIS: MAJOR PLAYERS . Capital spending to 2011 has been USD 163million.7 2010 419.7% 147. There 3 are currently 2.5million people was granted to Jetama Sdn. Java since 1993. 35% of which was held by Suez in 1995.8% 134. AWS has now entered the 25 year operating concession phase. Perak 20 year BOT contract 350.2% Suez) serves 0. with the remaining 19% being held by Citigroup Financial Products Inc.9% 137.9million.L. 1995 Kota-Kinabalu 20 year BOT contract 500. Medan‘s population is expected to grow to 8million+ by 2015 (currently. Suez holds 25.9% 63. with a capacity of 17.3 The number of people covered has increased from 1.000m /day by 3 2000. (34.11million m³/day water treatment plant was commissioned in 1995. G. or USD80million pa. the city has a population of 2.5million people in the city. The current aim is to get the NRW to below 30%.S.000km to 5.3 2008 398.000 water supply In Perak. The Sydney water provision BOT signed in 1993 saw the USD200million facility enter service in October 1996.3 2007 377.5% of the holding company Equiventures Sdn.000m /day.0 2006 351.3% 61.4% 129. It is 85% held by Suez.000m /day. Suez sold 49% of its 100% stake in Pal Jaya retaining a 51% majority. 2006 Pimpama 25 year DBO 75.000. The 25 year 256 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 .000 water supply In Kota Kinabalu (province of Sabah) a 20 year bulk supply concession for 0. Bhd. The network has been extended from 4. Water revenues for Suez in Australia in 2004 were EUR30million and water and waste management revenues in 2006 were EUR346million. which is expected to seek a market listing in due course.895 57% 33.

000m per day when needed.8million.11 2010 1.100.225 416 106 24 11 1.57 2009 1. Agbar dates back to the Compagnie des Eaux de Barcelone founded in 1867 and incorporated in Paris as La Societé Générale des Eaux de Barcelone.0% in 2010.956 1. serving 1.899 348 343 325 158 167 1.861 265 371 483 131 353 2. This contract also has a six year extension option. 2011 Adelaide 15. in 1881. generating revenues of EUR1. 2009 Melbourne 27 year DBO 1. Its results are fully consolidated within Suez‘s. The operations contract runs for 27 years.238 478 108 20 9 1. Agbar acquired Bristol Water.000 water & sewerage Degremont (50%) and Transfield (50%) gained the EUR840million alliance contract after the original VE / Thames Water contract expired in 2011. The facility is to be powered by a wind farm.5 year BOT 1.853 2006 1. 257 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 . The plant will be designed for a future expansion to 600. All revenues from 2009 are from water and wastewater activities. before being acquired by Catalan investors and incorporated in its current form in Barcelona in 1919 for the provision of water and sewerage services in Barcelona. Other projects include building the Auckland wastewater treatment plant.000m /day facility represents total revenues of over EUR685million for Degrémont.2billion for 3 Suez.12 2007 1.579 250 330 308 141 167 1.FRANCE 3 PART 3(i): COMPANY ANALYSIS: MAJOR PLAYERS .9% to 75.627 2. The EUR2billion contract covers the construction of a 450.SUEZ contract for a 140.734 1.771 3. 2002 Hutt Valley 20 year DBO 160. The facility entered service in April 2007.782 2010 1.956 105 105 441 130 311 2.200. New Zealand Activities in New Zealand are carried out under New Zealand Water Services. profit and loss account Y/E 31/12 (EURmillion) Water turnover Group turnover Water operating profits Group operating profits Net profit Minority interests Group net profit Earnings/share (EUR) Revenues by region Y/E 31/12 (EURmillion) Spain Chile United Kingdom China Others Total 2009 1.108 N/A 439 360 125 235 1. the largest independent Statutory Water Company in England and Wales for EUR256.2million people from 2005. Agbar.20 The 2006 and subsequent results reflect the disposal of Applus and the 2009 results reflect the sale of the healthcare division. an affiliate of Australian Water Services. In June 2006.000m per day facility with an 85km pipeline network.36 2008 1. EUR85million in construction work and EUR600million for operating revenues.000 desalination The AquaSure consortium‘s facility will serve one third of the city when it enters service at the end of 3 2011.000 wastewater AGUAS DE BARCELONA SA Sociedad General de Aguas de Barcelona SA (Agbar) is now controlled by Suez Environnement following an agreed increase in Suez‘s stake in the company from 45.427 2.

218.911 customers in the Barcelona metropolitan area. Spain Excepting Barcelona.372 204 1.473 International 75 11. January 2010 to June 2011 New Contracts Calvia Sant Vicenç dels Horts La Oliva Monforte Villaquilambre Almenara Zaragosse Tarragona Barcelona.377. the Alicante concession. with an internal rate of return of 15% for most recent contracts.845million people. a total of 2. Agbar‘s water and sewerage contracts in Spain have an operating life ranging from 5 to 50 years. Agbar holds 52% of the private sector‘s share of the water provision market in Spain. In 2006.476 2.SUEZ Agbar.368. The company provides sewerage services for 8million people and 10million have their sewage treated.FRANCE PART 3(i): COMPANY ANALYSIS: MAJOR PLAYERS . which is being steadily eroded by privatisations.872 20.658.823.691 381 8. Currently municipalities hold 48% of the market.180.285. Agbar serves 1.239. public fountains AES Gener Léon Santonia Canyelles Cangas de Onís Renewals Ponferrada Palencia Alicante Petrer San Fulgencio Ribera Gelida Torello Tàrrega IBI EURmillion 980 113 64 46 22 18 18 13 10 610 109 32 10 10 EURmillion 137 119 58 57 34 26 16 15 27 23 Years 50 50 50 45 25 25 4 4 40 25 25 20 20 Years 25 20 14 30 20 15 20 20 13 18 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 258 .306 2.164 36 1.205 12.013 6.233 14.590.772.000 people.315 2. was extended from 2016 to 2036.216 62 8. serving 725. Agbar. Agbar expects to devote 65% of its capital expenditure on water and sewerage services in the medium term. contract gains and renewals.645 442 9.577 Operating margins have consistently been higher than for the company‘s other activities.477.626. services in 2008 Water Municipalities served Population served Customers served Water treatment plants 3 Water delivered (million m pa) 3 Treatment capacity (m /day) Sewerage Municipalities served Population served Sewer systems (km) Sewage treatment Municipalities served Population served 3 Capacity (m /day) Spain 1.003 64 3.746.441 1.273 3.

259 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 . serving 1.000 customer accounts generating revenues of EUR16.445 6.088.732 195.949 172.5million. Sedapal serves a total of eight million people.443 164.000 during the summer.445 6.908.156 concessions under management in 2009.000 during 2000.857 26.542.136. Contracts for some 50.042.528.SUEZ There were 1.120.703 Total 15. but all other activities remain subject to review.000 11.303 132. Sale of Aguagest Sur 50% of Aquagest Sur was sold to Unicaja and Caja Granada in July 2005 for EUR73. Agbar launched a bid for Aguas de Sabadell (CASSA).568 1.703 24.000.978. The average concession life is for 20 years. The company remains committed to Chile and Cuba.823 1.000 people in 40 municipalities across Catalonia and generated EUR40million in revenues in 2009. rising to 1.535 people.503 789.966 642. Agbar.3million in 2003.FRANCE PART 3(i): COMPANY ANALYSIS: MAJOR PLAYERS .807 579.000 588.272. Acquisition of Ferrovial’s water and wastewater activities In July 2004.000 1.000 people were gained during 1998 and 1999 and for a further 150. Aguagest Sur was founded in 1991 and is responsible for water and sewerage services for 43 municipalities in Andalusia. number of people supplied in Spain and internationally (2009-10 data) Country Spain United Kingdom Chile Colombia Cuba Mexico Algeria China Total outside Spain Global Total Water 13.294 1.881 917. rising to 450.542.136.239.3million.823 1.443.294 1.200.978. when Agbar will bid to renew them. In 2010 the company won a three year management contract for Sedapal‘s commercial management activities serving the southern area of Lima. Guadalemar (Extremadura). This business was mainly built up between 1998 and 2000 and consists of 130.777 1.272.414 706. the company has reviewed its activities in Latin America and has withdrawn from Argentina.443. These consist of 14 concessions for water and wastewater services to 217. Agbar will retain the rest of the company‘s equity.000 0 6. Plá de Mallorca (Balearic Islands).191 in 2010. Uruguay and Brazil.857 29.058 Sewerage 13. The main towns served with water or wastewater by Ferroser are: Ponferrada and San Andrés del Rabanedo (Castilla-León).380.855 678.194.857 Since 2005.414 706. Poio and O Barco de Valdeorras (Galicia). Estepona.000 2.074. Contract awards in 2010 Number Low level water supply High level water supply Wastewater treatment Sewerage 18 8 14 21 Gained People 406. Ferrovial sold its water activities to Agbar for EUR43. At the time.000 14. and Castañeda and Cartes (Cantabria).000 1. CASSA provides water and sewerage services to 350. Agbar held 11% of the company.817 Number 23 8 8 12 Renewed People 280. 336 of which are due to expire in the next five years.000 1.881 917.000.000 13. Ubeda and Vélez Blanco (Andalucía).480 people in 32 municipalities.500.040 In June 2010.

SUEZ Distribution losses in Spain were 25% in 2008 (25% in 2007 and 24% in 2006) with distribution losses internationally level at 27% during this period. Agbar‘s stake was increased from 16.1 18. Enersis sold Aguas Cordillera to EMOS for USD193million in June 2000. The Aguas Argentinas concession serving Buenos Aires was ended in March 2006.6 2011 100. the Competition Commission announced that the company would be allowed to raise its bills by 17.0% to 25. At the time.4million.2% of Empressa Metropolitana de Obras Sanitarias (EMOS.5 2009 96.4 12. Bristol Water supplies water to 1. A second round of refinancing was completed in June 2005.6 6.1 2010 99.2 18. with IAM holding 50.092.1 17. Aguas de Santa Fe was meant to be sold to Fides Group and Grupo Energia BV in 2005.3 17. CORFO (Chilean Government) 35. Agbar made a GBP175million agreed bid for Bristol Water in April 2006. Santiago‘s water supply company. In August 2010. In 1999 Agbar and Suez acquired 51. along with the long-term development of its wastewater services. Bristol Water Group. In 2002. Agbar bought 30. for a total of USD1. 1999 Santiago Privatisation of EMOS 5. all non regulated activities with the exception of some joint ventures had been divested.800. United Kingdom – Bristol Water The Bristol Waterworks Company (Bristol Water) was founded in 1846. with Suez holding the remaining 19. now Aguas Andinas).7 29.6 7. Sewerage services are carried out by Wessex Water (YTL).9%.7% holding was sold to the Ecofin Water & Power Opportunities Fund Plc in 2002 for GBP38million. The Aguas Cordobesa concession (Ondeo Services 39%.8 In December 2003 Bristol Water announced a refinancing to increase in the level of borrowings in the regulated water business and a return of GBP51million to shareholders. returning a further GBP30million.000 people in the city of Bristol in western England and certain surrounding areas.9 14. the World Bank‘s ICSID found against Argentina regarding Santa Fe and Buenos Aries. Aguas Cordillera provides water and sewerage services to 260 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 .7 27. As a result.9 23.FRANCE PART 3(i): COMPANY ANALYSIS: MAJOR PLAYERS . 24% of wastewater in Spain was recovered in 2008 (13% in 2006) and all internationally (43% in 2006).2% of IAM. Argentina Agbar‘s has exited from its activities in Argentina. Bristol Water was the only company to appeal against Ofwat‘s 2010-15 price limits. Currently. Agbar 17% and five Argentinean companies) was partly sold in December 2006. BOD reduction in Agbar‘s WWTWs in Spain was constant at 93% while rising to 96% (from 89% in 2006) internationally. while 75% of sewage effluents are treated. which was declared unconditional in May 2006.3 25.9%. By May 2005.0% and a free float of 14. Agbar owns 80. Agbar selling 12% to Roggio and retaining 5%.000 water & sewerage All 44 districts of the city are to be covered. Chile Agbar holds 50. Revenue growth is being driven by wastewater services expansion.The second highest bidder was Biwater at USD179million. In June 2010. 100% of the population is served with piped water and 97% by mains sewerage.1% set by Ofwat.1% of the company. IAM was listed on the Santiago Stock Exchange in January 2007. In April 2001. Bristol Water and Wessex Water set up a JV to combine their customer services and billing operations.1% of Suez‘s holding in IAM for EUR139.1% above inflation during the 2010-15 against the 9. In 2004.0 26.9 16. profit and loss account Y/E 31/03 (GBPmillion) Group turnover Operating profit Pre-tax profit Post tax profit 2007 86.1% of the equity of Aguas Andinas via Inversiones Aguas Metropolitanas Limitada (IAM).7 18. Veolia Environnement‘s 24.4 2008 91.6% through the exercise of a call option at a cost of EUR180million. allowing GBP9million in extra operating spending and GBP15million in extra capital spending.135million. but in May 2005 Suez and Agbar decided to terminate the concession.

which includes the cities of Osorno and Puerto Montt.784 100% 98% 74% 2009 145.4million.591 clients (315.720 25. Negotiations with nine municipalities covering 10.42 2008 1. 2008 ESSAL Acquisition 650. ESSAL serves 166. 261 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 .786 104.SUEZ 116.226 14.886 106.5billion in March 2008. Uruguay Agbar acquired 60% of Aguas de la Costa at the end of 1997. Aguas Cordillera has been integrated within Aguas Andinas.871 1.97 2010 1.521 100% 98% 72% 2007 115.118 155.952 276.228 328.340 127. In 2005.994 31.358 105.000 water & sewerage The concession was awarded to Aguas Décima SA.221 90.550 1.FRANCE PART 3(i): COMPANY ANALYSIS: MAJOR PLAYERS .963 249. against 500.828 1.627 new connections. Aguas Andinas acquired ESSAL‘s holding for CLP72. with the aim for universal sewerage and sewage treatment by 2005.000 people. who also acquired 31% from Copel. Agbar sold its 50% stake in Aguas Guariroba to a consortium formed by Bertin and Equipav (See company entry for Grupo Equipav SA).428 26. Aguas sold its stake for BRL57million.866 100% 99% 86% Water clients (‗000) Sewerage clients (‗000) Water coverage Sewerage coverage Sewage treatment coverage In 2008. Brazil Agbar gained the concession to operate water and wastewater services for Campo Grande in 2001. Las Condes and Lo Barnechea districts of Santiago.598 1.555 20. part of which was in turn was acquired by two local companies STA Ingenieros (30%) and Benencio SA (10%).952 16. The first objective for the concession is to connect the outstanding 4.909 1.307 15.409 connections are underway.697 17. USD240million in investments is called for. 1995 Valdiva Concession 120.569 100% 98% 74% 2008 135.169 12.617 139.954 19.031 124.964 149.157 32.032 8.27 2007 1.000 in 1999) in the Region.940 10. with a population growth of 6% pa. to increase the number of water connections within its operating area and to develop sewerage services and sewage treatment facilities.177 128.655 114. 120. The company sold this stake back to the Government‘s OSE in 2006 for USD3.884 10.000 people are served via 26.304 146.500 for sewerage.04 2006 1. Aguas Andinas.573 148.000 people) in the Vitacura.046 328.000 client contracts for water and 21.292 11. profit and loss account Y/E 31/12 (CLPmillion) Water revenues Sewerage revenues Other – regulated Other – non regulated Turnover Operating profits Net income EPS (CLP) 2006 125. providing 5.622 299. 35% of ESSAL is now held by the Government and 10% by its staff.827 100% 99% 73% 2010 136.322 112.000 customers (650. refer to the Aguas Andinas company entry.11 2009 1.000 water and sewerage Iberdrola‘s Iberener acquired 51% of Empresa de Servicios Sanitarios de Los Lagos SA (ESSAL) from the Chilean Government for USD94million in 1999.041 88. seven municipal areas were added to AA‘s concessions.500 customers to the sewerage service. For full details. ESSAL is one of Chile‘s smaller water companies and is based in Region X in the south of the country.

General Manager of Aguas de La Habana to Agbar conference “Five international examples of environmental management in the service of the citizens” on 19th June 2007. Agbar‘s stake cost COP280million. located in the north east of Algeria on the Mediterranean coast. including EUR14. is the second largest city in the country. During 2005. a JV with the Cuban Government in 1999. Turnover was EUR21million in 2001.000 2000 95% 8 327. with the aim for 88% sewerage coverage by the end of 2009.000 people in 2001-02. water was supplied to the entire population (146. China The Agbar Group is operating a series of water supply and wastewater treatment projects in the province of Jiangsu. Mexico 2001 Saltillo 25 year concession 711.000 people.245 customers). Interagua was awarded a 25 year water management contract for Havana. with an eventual coverage of 1.9million is to be invested during the contract.000 water customers and 102. Aguas de Cartagena has 132. with sewerage coverage at 83% against 61%. Water supply systems were renovated for 298. In 2008 water coverage was 100% against 73% in 1995. The November 2007 entails a EUR30million investment by Agbar. the sewerage network will be completed.FRANCE PART 3(i): COMPANY ANALYSIS: MAJOR PLAYERS .000 water & sewerage Aguas de Cartanega SA ESP has been profitable since its onset. EUR81. Algeria In November 2007 the Agbar gained a concession for water supply and treatment in the province of Orán for a term of five and a half years. Agbar agreed to continue running the concession after consultations with the city. In 2006.000 Source: Presentation by José María Tura. net profits eased by 8. Orán. with a 6. 50% by Distrito Turistico y Cultura de Cartagena and 5. In 2004. SPA.SUEZ Colombia 1995 Cartagena 25 year concession 944.000 (90% urban poor). is 50% held by Agbar and 50% by the Government‘s Algérienne des Eaux y el Office National de l‘Assainissement.000 customers were gained during 2007 and 7.0% increase in revenues to COP96. with 92% served by sewerage. 44.5million inhabitants and after the capital. through a joint venture with the Golden State Water Group Corporation Group. including Chinese capital in which the Merrill Lynch Group also has a stake.277 during 2008. Algiers. The contract serves La Havana and Varadero.000 2006 100% 24 11. in the state of Coahuila situated in northern Mexico. Water services have been provided to 350. Service development in Varadero and Havana Varadero Population covered Hours service/day Number of connections Havana Population covered Hours service/day Number of connections 1994 95% 18 5. In February 2000.188 water & sewerage Agbar has gained 49% of Empresa Paramunicipal.000 2006 100% 10 365.3billion.000 sewerage customers. has a population of 1.000 people since the concession started (93% urban poor) and sewerage services to 240. Société des Eaux Oran.000 people. for two water management contracts currently serving 1. The remaining 51% is to be held by Sistema Municipal de Aguas de Saltillo (SIMAS).9% to COP7. 7. The city of Saltillo was founded in 1577.45million for Agbar‘s 49% stake in the 262 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 .77billion. the company responsible for the management of the drinking water supply and sewerage services in the city of Saltillo. Cuba Interagua formed Aguas de La Habana.400.8% of its shares are held by Agbar.200.1% by local shareholders. During 2005.

in 2006 for EUR21million. Other contracts gained by 263 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 . This has been developed along divisional lines: Elyo/Tractabel Industrial Solutions (energy). Agbar increased its holding in the Jiangsu Water Group from 49% to 72%. Contact Details Name: Grupo Agbar Torre Agbar. Catalonia and Balearics) Industrial water outsourcing Ondeo Industrial Services In 2000.0 2. bottled water. reflecting the impact of the sale of OIS‘s German activities. 1999) and Scottish Courage (1999).es Jorge Mercader Miro (Chairman) Angel Simón (CEO) Josep Bague (CFO) Juan Antonio Guijarro (Water.800 process water and 2. BIWS) gained a EUR10million 10 year contract with Degussa‘s Antwerp plant in November 2003.000m /day) in Nanjing.SUEZ joint venture company. See company entry for the Golden State Water Group.5 0.000m /day) in Taixing and the management of another potable water treatment plant 3 (50.0 3. 211 Address: 08018 Barcelona.1 0. Ondeo Industrial Services is part of Suez Environment Industrial Solutions (SEIS) for its industrial services activities in Europe.5 0. BSN.5 0.FRANCE PART 3(i): COMPANY ANALYSIS: MAJOR PLAYERS . IBM. In December 2008. Suez had 60.5 1. This covers the management of water. Ondeo Industrial Solutions had a turnover of EUR157million in 2002. Pemex Salina Cruz (Mexico).0 1.000m /day) and the related distribution network in Xuyi. mainly for hardware or chemicals. Ondeo Industrial Solutions (water and wastewater) and Sita One (Waste management).0 1. The contract will have a turnover of EUR100-150million pa and seeks a 30% reduction in industrial water consumption from 2000 levels by 2010. Eridania Beghin Say. raw water provision 3 (200. except Catalonia and Balearics) Leonard Carcolé (Water.0 2. Danone offered a series of five year integrated industrial services outsourcing contracts for all facilities covering dairy products.0 3. Avenida Diagonal. Coca-Cola (France.0 Contract duration N/A 10 years N/A N/A N/A 5 years N/A N/A In 2002. rising to EUR168million in 2003 and EUR178million in 2004 and EUR137million in 2009. BIWS will manage the facility‘s condensate treatment and supply it with demineralised water.0 0.000 water and wastewater customers. A joint venture with Antwerpse Waterwerken (Brabo Industrial Water Solutions. OIS has 200 contracts in Europe and has developed 1.0 2. effluent waste and energy.0 1.000 wastewater treatment plants.0 0. with a 20% share in this global market.000m /day in total) in Taizhou. Spain Tel: +(34) 93 342 20 00 Fax: +(34) 93 342 26 70 Web: www. Water customers include Yoplait. Industrial contracts gained in 2001 (EURmillion pa) Client Aticorta Danone Vitapole Infineon ISI Pontelongo Osram SEPR Sant Gobain Siemens Siemens Country Italy Belgium Australia Italy Germany France Taiwan Ireland Activities WWTW WWTW Process water WWTW Process W & WWTW WWTW Process water Process water Revenues DB O&M 2. biscuits and cereals. The joint venture is responsible for four 30 year concessions: the management of a waste water 3 treatment plant (with capacity of 300. the construction and management of 3 three potable water treatment plants (350.agbar.

Enichem in Italy. Elyo gained a EUR143million 12 year contract to supply steam. Scottish Courage Brewing and Bairds Malt.com Web: www.unitedwater. Bayer. In February 2004. 2009 Suzhou 30 year wastewater management Industrial wastewater treatment The joint venture contract with CSPU (49% SFH. providing 200. The deal is worth USD10million in revenues. along with industrial effluent treatment services for Hellenic Petroleum. Suez Environnement) Bernard Guirkinger (Water Europe) 264 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 . serving the Shanghai Spark Industrial Zone (40. both in France. The Shanghai Chemical Industrial Park includes BP. The contract also caters for the treatment of 45. Ondeo Nalco gained an eight year contract for oil and water treatment service from Suncor Energy. Canada. A 30+20 year contract for Chongqing Changshou Chemical Industrial Park was gained in 2010. Other clients in the UK include Chevron Texaco. serving industrial parks and facilities.000m /day of effluent via a new EUR50million facility and may be extended to cover the entire water cycle. Ondeo gained a 20 year EUR120million water management contract for the BP Grangemouth complex in Scotland. Elyo gained a EUR90million 13 year contract with SNPE‘s Bergerac.000 customers). France Tel: +331 40 06 64 00 Fax: +331 40 06 66 44 Web: www.000m of surface run-off annually. In 2002. Other contract gains (for water only) by OIS in 2005 included Autofina (EUR26million) and Arcelor Group (EUR10million). BASF. 51% CSPU) serves the Suzhou Industrial Park and is worth EUR300million. 75008 Paris. Suez gained a 20 year private-public partnership contract in May 2007 for water and wastewater treatment for Toulouse-Blagnac Airport. 400.SUEZ Ondeo IS in 2003 included STMicroelectronics and Ascometal in France. Ahlstrom. In 2009. China Suez has specialised in major industrial water contracts in China. In June 2005.FRANCE PART 3(i): COMPANY ANALYSIS: MAJOR PLAYERS . Scottish & Newcastle. process water and wastewater. OIS was awarded a EUR16million five year O&M contract with SEAGATE Technologies at Limavidy in Northern Ireland for the hard drive manufacturing facility‘s water cycle in June 2006. Geostock. This includes cooling water. Huntsman and China‘s Gao Qiao.lyonnaise-des-eaux. process water treatment management contracts were gained serving Repsol. Contact Details Name: Suez Environnement SA Address: 16 Rue de la Ville l‘Eveque. compressed air and 3 purified water to Goodyear Dunlop Tyres France. Siemens in Spain and M-Real in Germany.suez-environnement.000m of water will be provided via reverse osmosis facilities. filtered and flocculated water. This includes the provision of raw. EDF and Galp Energia. Shanghai 50 year water management Industrial water provision This contract is a 50/50 JV between Sino French Holdings and Shanghai Pudong Spark Development 3 Zone United. SCA Valdeze and Arkema Lavera.com Gerard Mestrallet (Chairman. The contract involves EUR10million in Capex and will 3 incorporate a rainwater recovery and recycling facility designed to handle 700.000m /day of industrial water. a company specialising in crude oil extraction from oil sands deposits in north-eastern Alberta. 2002 Pudong. Suez Environnement & GDF Suez) Jean-Marc Boursier (CFO) Jean-Louis Chaussade (CEO. The contract is worth EUR600million and is the first industrial water contract in 3 China.fr Web: www.

667 3. Veolia Environnement. serving the Reims municipality and pioneering the use of ozone to sterilise water at Nice in 1909. 265 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 . after a recapitalisation exercise. Following VU‘s financial problems in 2002.088 1. Vivendi Universal sold 28% of its holding in Vivendi Environnement (VE) via a listing on the Paris Bourse and a further 9% in 2001.21 1.8 1. VE has been renamed Veolia Environnement (VE) so as to differentiate between the two companies. After the First World War. while retaining its former name for water and wastewater activities.720 4. Nice (1864) and gaining the first of a series of concessions serving Paris in 1860. In 1884 GDE secured the first wastewater treatment concession.3% and was fully divested in 2006.500 61% 39% 29% 71% 40% 38% 16% 6% 2010 2.05 2007 31. breakdown of revenues Y/E 31/12 (EURmillion) Revenues Municipal clients Industrial clients Solutions Design and build Europe Africa & Middle East Americas Asia-Pacific 2006 1.461 12. Bergamo.927 1. VE is also a pioneer in the development of the international water market.6 2.1 1. and in 1882.88 1. CEE took over the water supply concession for Venice in 1880 and further contracts were gained in Verona.110 3.268 2008 7. it is anticipated that VE will be re-examining various noncore international activities. the Gabon contract is currently under review.124.2 758.334 1.21 2010 34.1 2.FRANCE PART 3(i): COMPANY ANALYSIS: MAJOR PLAYERS .899 4. For example.21 2009 33. If this goes ahead.951.128 1.927. subsequently to Nantes (1854). The company set up Compagnie des Eaux de Constantinople for water supply to Istanbul in 1879.818 10. CEE gained the water supply concession for Lausanne in Switzerland and Oporto in Portugal. a new transportation company will be formed which would then seek to obtain a market listing. VU‘s share of VE fell to 5.657 12. Veolia Water Solutions & Technologies.7 1.187 2009 7.020 2006 27.VEOLIA VEOLIA ENVIRONNEMENT SA Compagnie Générale des Eaux was renamed Vivendi in May 1998.941.318 1.089.148 55% 45% 36% 64% 45% 28% 19% 8% Générale des Eaux (GDE) was founded in 1853 and started the privatisation of France‘s water sector by winning a concession for water supply to Lyon in that year.145 2010 8.21 2008 35.13 1.981.786. the Générale des Eaux name was revived to become the holding company for Veolia Water‘s French activities.1 0. In July 2000.1 1.89 1. As a result. contracts were either wound up or nationalised during the inter-war years.2 405.161 2007 7.6 1. VE‘s results (and debt) are no longer consolidated into VU‘s.8 584.0 2.24 1. the company sold a further 43% of VE‘s equity to a series of French institutions and as a result.500 65% 35% 31% 69% 43% 37% 12% 8% 2009 2.3 581. In 2004.21 After a poor first half performance in 2011.574. Water activities were grouped under Veolia Water. La Spezia and Naples.900 57% 43% 34% 66% 66% 11% 13% 10% 2007 2.100 61% 39% 38% 62% 50% 27% 14% 9% 2008 2.9 2.120. VE decided to restrict its contracts to France.1 927. Its subsidiary Compagnie des Eaux pour l‘Etranger (CEE) was set up in 1879 for international water contracts. Vivendi has in turn been renamed Vivendi Universal (VU) and is concentrating upon the telecommunications and media sectors. After a further sale in December 2004.838 12.461. Veolia Environnement is currently in talks with France‘s Caisse des Depots et Consignations Group about acquiring its Transdev subsidiary. profit and loss account Y/E 31/12 (EURmillion) Turnover Operating profit Net profit Earnings/share (EUR) Dividend/share (EUR) Water Y/E 31/12 (EURmillion) Operations Works Turnover Operating profit 2006 N/A N/A 10.

Professional Services Group of the USA was acquired in 1981 to address the American market and General Utilities Plc was set up in 1986 in anticipation of the privatisation of Britain‘s water services.000 municipalities in France. Since 1992.300 operating contracts serving 4. it could take a more relaxed attitude towards the international water markets than Suez.751 640 1.318 2010 4.372 1. VE reduced the number of subsidiaries in France from 40 to one. VE had 2. From 1967 onwards. Approximate breakdown of water revenues by region EURmillion France UK Germany Rest of Europe Czech Republic Italy Benelux Scandinavia Spain Poland USA Rest of Americas Africa and Middle East Middle East Sub-Saharan Africa India South East Asia Asia Australia and New Zealand Rest of the World Total 2006 4. VE – Highlights 1853: 1880-82: 1884: 1967: 1972: 1980: 1981: 1986: 1987: 1987-88: 1993: Compagnie Générale des Eaux (GDE) wins concession for water supply to Lyons Water supply concessions to Venice and other cities Wastewater treatment concession for Reims Waste-to-energy projects Water activities in Spain Acquires CGEA (waste management and transport) Acquires Professional Services Group of the USA General Utilities Plc formed for UK operations Licence for France‘s second cellular telecoms system Acquires construction and property companies Buys out Eau et Ozone 266 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 . VE entered the Spanish water market in competition with FCC and Aguas de Barcelona.619 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 691 N/A N/A 858 N/A N/A 1.128 The data used here was derived using the various country and regional breakdowns in the 2008 Reference Document and then reconciling them with the regional breakdowns in the Veolia Eau 2008 Rapport de Activities.558 2009 4. first into waste management.283 1. VE has diversified. the company has been gaining water and sewerage concessions on a global basis. Middle East & India).413 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 539 148 1.927 2008 4. then energy and more recently into construction.277 1.279 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 641 122 705 N/A 169 2 579 124 N/A 10. The 2005.884 672 1. 2006 & 2007 breakdowns are from the Veolia Water AMI Annual Reports (AMI is Africa.680 700 300 250 200 120 50 612 185 N/A 862 N/A N/A 977 359 952 12.710 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 686 N/A N/A 492 N/A N/A N/A 1.789 626 1.017 N/A 189 2 733 300 N/A 10.331 262 798 12. The company‘s domestic market strength has meant that until recently.VEOLIA VE developed its presence in water engineering through the acquisition of SADE in 1918 and Tuyaux Bonna in 1924.435 1. the French water sector has gradually been privatised with VE being the dominant player in the market.088 2007 4. Since the 1930s. By 1995.927 573 1.162 1.FRANCE PART 3(i): COMPANY ANALYSIS: MAJOR PLAYERS . The 2008 European country breakdowns are estimates based in the graphics in the 2008 Sustainable Development Report. Middle East and Rest of The World revenues were EUR314million and EUR851million respectively in 2007. This was not possible with the 2009 reports. Reporting by area was changed in 2007-08 with "Rest of the World" from then on representing India and Sub-Saharan Africa.162 256 971 12.802 552 1.377 1. property and media and telecommunications.

The difference is accounted for by newly acquired concessions operating more run down water assets.000 83.280.000 0 1.000 950.000 0 385.000 4.317.000 1.325.000 1.495.882.000 5.148.000 50.000 331. formation of Vivendi Water Partial flotation of Vivendi Environnement (VE) from Veolia Universal Deconsolidation of VE and VU VE renamed Veolia Environnement.000 267 Sewerage 16.000 14.000 1.000 2.000 375.000 275.400.222.000 5.288.050.000 50.222.200.000 2.700.000.000 2.000 2.122.000 3.000 937.000 45.280.000 552.000 45.000 0 268.000 1.000 4.732.500.307.000. VU‘s holding falls to 5% Acquisition of companies in Italy and Germany VU‘s last stake sold.000 1.000 0 5.000 290.000 185.000 2.000 50.000 385.000 2.000 2.000 2.000 990.288.000 290.000 2.000 4.000 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 .000 1.100.396.FRANCE PART 3(i): COMPANY ANALYSIS: MAJOR PLAYERS .200.000 1.000 83.000 1.100.5million with an efficiency of 15%. Oman and Australia Strategic acquisitions in Japan Unwinding the SE / VE contracts in France Acquires UU‘s European activities.000 885.000 0 6. sale of Everpure Sale of VE‘s stake in FCC.400. United Water JV bought Desalination contracts in Saudi Arabia.000.412.000 287.000 1.400. Population served in each country Country Europe France Armenia Belgium Bulgaria Czech Republic Denmark Germany Great Britain Ireland Hungary Italy Malta Netherlands Poland Portugal Romania Slovak Republic Sweden Rest of the world Argentina * Canada Colombia * Mexico Ecuador * Venezuela * USA Australia Water 24.080.096.000 275.000 950.000 0 950.000 127.945.000 4.000 1. Hong Kong contract Strategic review pondered 1995: 1998: 1999: 2000: 2002: 2003: 2004: 2005: 2006: 2007: 2008: 2009: 2010: 2011: Water activities (excluding Proactiva) VE: overall water and wastewater activities Treatment efficiency of wastewater treatment plants Wastewater treated 3 Water used (million m /pa) Customers equipped with a water meter Efficiency of water systems – Worldwide Efficiency of water systems – Europe (EU 15) 2006 90% 78% 369 93% 78% 81% 2007 90% 80% 453 95% 75% 82% 2008 91% 81% 530 N/A 77% 83% 2009 92% N/A 542 N/A 75% 83% 2010 93% 562 75% 83% Water efficiency in Europe in 2003 for its ongoing activities was 83% in 2003.325.750.000 3.172.000 3.000 1.000 7.VEOLIA GDE‘s first loss – due to property & construction Générale des Eaux renamed Vivendi Acquires US Filter and Berliner Wasser.000 138.000 138.495.000 290.100. worldwide water efficiency in 2007 was 79% net of a new contract serving 1.000 552.000 238.050.700.000 Total 24. sale of US Filter & Culligan.000 45.000 2.100.000 1. Likewise.000 2. Southern Water sold.

Dubilier & Rice Pentair Siemens Date July 2003 September 2002 September 2002 February 2002 October 2001 June 2004 December 2003 May 2004 USDmillion 130 620 125 360 140 610 215 993 These sales involved a total write-down of USD4.000 Total 32.000 40. 268 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 .000 0 0 345. some USD3. net of restatements for cross shareholdings with Suez Environnement.000 0 410.000 1.000 530.000 530.000 0 2.000 160.000 750.000 2. Division Surface Preparation Waterworks distribution Plymouth Products Filtration and Separation Johnson Screens Culligan Everpure Systems & Services Vendor International Surface Preparation JP Morgan/TH Lee Partners Pentair Pall Weatherford International Clayton. The table also excludes VE‘s continuing activities in Spain.FRANCE PART 3(i): COMPANY ANALYSIS: MAJOR PLAYERS .000 10.193million has been raised from the sale of peripheral activities in the US Filter group since 2001.VEOLIA Country China & HK India Indonesia New Zealand Philippines South Korea Gabon Israel Lebanon Morocco Niger Oman Qatar Reunion UAE Total outside France Global total *Proactiva activities Water 26.400.330.000 160.000 157.400.660.200.000 100. Company Bristol Water Mid Kent South Staffordshire Group Philadelphia Suburban Southern Water Country UK UK UK USA UK Holding % 25 21 32 17 25 Date March 2002 April 2001 October 2002 September 2002 April 2006 Value (million) GBP23 GBP22 GBP85 USD200 EUR89 In addition.000 100. serving 7.000 Sewerage 13.000 1.650. Purchasers have been a combination of companies active in water systems engineering and private equity houses. These can be found in the RWE entry.000 1.930.000.200.000 101.000 3.994.200.000 People served via Berlinwasser International have not been included.000 410. International alliances and JVs OMSA: A JV in Mexico with ICA.5million between 2000 and 2004.8million people in the country.600.000 0 0 130.000 1.000 10.000 1.000 1.980. Stake divestments Approximately USD390million has been raised since 2001 through the selling off of non-strategic minority stakes in asset owning water companies in England and the USA.000 345.416.000 100.435.000 68.000 0 700.000 1. this is also related to preparing for VE‘s blocked bid for Southern Water (First Aqua).930.000 2.000 2.900.000 750. In the former case.694.000 77.000 0 1. VE‘s water revenues in the USA will be USD700million pa post these divestments.900.735.000 125. The number served in France has remained effectively constant in recent years.000 51.600.816.000 0 0 40.

8million people and sewerage to 6. Générale des Eaux: Contract renewal rate 2001 77% 2002 92% 2003 80% 2004 >90% 2005 >90% New contracts gained in each year have at least cancelled out contract losses in each of these years. the International Finance Company (IFC) and France‘s Société de Promotion et de Participation pour la Coopération Economique (PROPARCO) acquired 19. Numbers served in 2010 were 24. As part of the company‘s responses to these challenges.45% in Veolia Water AMI.FRANCE PART 3(i): COMPANY ANALYSIS: MAJOR PLAYERS .000 PE) incorporating a sludge energy co-generation facility. IFC investment: In 2007.000 municipalities in France. the city of Beauvais (12 years. because of the low penetration of sewerage networks and sewage treatment in France in the wake of compliance work for the EU‘s Urban Waste Water Treatment Directive. the EBRD (European Bank for Reconstruction and Development) invested EUR90million to acquire 10% of Veolia Voda.5million water customers and 16. France Générale des Eaux started operating in France in 1853. 269 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 . In France.7million for wastewater.VEOLIA Proactiva: Proactiva Medio Ambiente is a 50:50 JV between VE and FCC for all water and waste management contracts in Latin America.000 contracts with 8. the company has to concentrate on consolidating its water contracts in an unprecedented competitive and critical atmosphere. 223 contracts were renewed in 2009.019 WTWs and 2. Total revenues for contracts renewed in 2006 are EUR955million. the company provided water to 8million people and by 1980 it provided water to 19. The sewerage market is seen as growing at an appreciably faster rate than the water market. Since 2000. EBRD investment: In 2007. EUR38million) and the city of Macon (10 years. a 12 year water provision contract for Saint Omer (EUR26million) and a wastewater treatment contract gain in Angers Loire (five years. For example.9million. Total revenues for contracts renewed in 2007 were EUR920million.88% was acquired by the EBRD in 2009 for EUR70million. MDC is owned by the Government of the Emirate of Abu Dhabi and has a series of investments designed to diversity the Emirate‘s economy. Is still being used post the FCC stake sale. which while active in C&EE is primarily VE‘s vehicle for the Russian Federation and the Ukraine. 175 contracts were renewed (86 for water and 89 for wastewater) including a 18 year EUR242million water contract for the Cergy Pontoise area. The average weighted time before the expiration of long term contracts is 12 years. By 1953.6million for water and 16. the figure was 24. it has been used on a number of occasions. In 2008. Veolia MIG Greece: A JV between VE and Marfin Investment of Greece for investing in projects in Greece and the Balkans was unveiled in December 2009.2million sewerage and sewage treatment customers. EUR59million). RWE/Berliner Wasser Betriebe: A joint bid gained the Budapest sewerage concession in 1997. In 2006. Major contracts have recently been gained with Citic Pacific and Beijing Capital Group. 53 contracts were lost in 2003. with all customers in France being covered by 1999. In 2009.030 WWTWs Revenues from these contracts in 2009 were EUR614million. the Middle East and the Indian sub-continent. EUR75million). the holding company for VE‘s water activities in Africa. a EUR156million 20 year BOT contract was signed with Chartres Metropole for a 164. MENA joint venture: A JV between VE (51%) and Mubadala Development Company (49%) was formed in October 2008 to develop water & wastewater contracts in the MENA region. but 35 new contracts were gained. customer service charters for 10million people were issued by the end of 1996. China: VE has a number of local partners in China. The numbers served has fallen from 26million and 17million respectively in 2004 due to joint contracts with Suez being broken up.000 PE WWTW (extendable to 200. A 6. which currently has 4. EUR21million). including the community of Nice Côte d‘Azur area (12 years. including an 18 year water and wastewater contract for Narbonne (EUR170million). serving 2. The unbundling of the 11 contracts jointly held between Veolia and Suez was completed in 2010 and will result in EUR150million in revenues going to Suez and EUR136million going to Veolia. VE has retained the Générale des Eaux name for its operations in France.

2006 Allerød 8 year management 23. Ve acquired its stake in FCC from Vivendi in 2000 for a total consideration of EUR691million. VE has retained Gruppo 270 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 . VE gained the first wastewater management contract in Denmark in February 2006. The facility will enter service in 2013. Esther Koplowitz. the sewerage system and overhauling the municipality‘s sludge recycling system for agricultural application. The transaction reduced VE's net indebtedness by EUR1.VEOLIA The Paris contract ended in December 2009. Delta Water (25%) and Waterbedrijf Europoort (25%) for operating the facilities and 90km of sewerage network. Société Martiniquaise des Eaux.000 sewage treatment The French dependency awarded a concession to Veolia Water. The Netherlands 2002 Delftland 30 year DBFO 1.1billion. the holding company for the Koplowitz sisters‘ interests in FCC. VE (11%) is leading a JV.700.3million PE) both entering service in March 2007. Sogea. Spain: FCC FCC is a Spanish construction and utility company. The concession will generate revenues of EUR270million for Veolia Water. VE sold its 49% stake in B1998 to a company controlled by Mrs. The SEDIF contract. Société des Eaux de Versailles et de Saint Cloud. 2009 La Roche-sur-Yon Contract value (EURmillion) 156 62 50 17 Contract value (EURmillion) 66 Contract duration (years) 20 30 20 10 Contract duration (years) 12 In March 2010 GDE sold to LDE: Société des Eaux du Nord. Société Guyanaise des Eaux.000 sewage treatment The EUR1. VE acquired 49% of B1998.FRANCE PART 3(i): COMPANY ANALYSIS: MAJOR PLAYERS . New contracts.4million PE) and developing the new 3 EUR258million 118million m pa plant at Harnaschpolder (1. The contract started in 2003 and involves operating the working plant at Houtrust (0. In October 1998.000 people via VE‘s I Krüger AS. In July 2004. Italy) and Egis Eau in May 2010. having generated revenues of EUR143million in that year. Société Stéphanoise des Eaux.3million people in the Greater Paris area was renewed for 12 years in June 2010 and the new contract will be worth EUR250million pa against EUR360million pa for the previous contract. Delftland serves The Hague and surrounding areas. serving 4. two Dutch publicly owned water distribution companies. which dominates the municipal waste collection market. with a total cash payment to VE of EUR916million. 2009 Chartres Public Authority of Embrunais Roquebrune Cap Martin Royan Retained contracts. Société des Eaux de Marseille and parts of Société Industrielle du Littoral Méditerranéen and Bronzo Environnement. along with Rabobank & Elvides (29%). SERAM and Société Provençale des Eaux and acquired Compagnie Générale des Eaux of additional interests in Société des Eaux d‘Arles. along with OTV. Reunion 2010 Reunion North 20 year concession 160. Rabobank (10%). Denmark Along with one long standing contract for water provision to 60.5billion contract was won by the Delfluent Consortium. Société Nancéienne des Eaux. Delta Water (20%) and Waterbedrijf Europoort (20%). SBTPC (Vinci. VE sold 29% to Rabobank and Elvides in 2010 for EUR118million. EUR75million for the construction of a new WWTW and EUR195million for its operation. which in turn holds 56. led by VE (40%). Heijmans Beton-en Waterbouw (5%) and Strukton (5%).5% of the company.000 sewage treatment The contract covers managing three WWTWs.

Valongo is 20km east of Porto.000 water & sewerage This is VE‘s first contract in Portugal. SBPAR serves 5.000 people (113.000 1. 200km wastewater collectors and a 480km water network. with an 18 month construction and 15 year operation period.000 people through a concession contract.65/m³ and Agbar‘s tender of EUR0. a suburb of north Lisbon.8million pa. Veolia Water in northern Central Europe (2007 figures) Country Poland Czech Republic Slovene Republic Slovak Republic Total Revenues (EURm) 6 470 141 58 676 People .8million. This award has been seen as somewhat contentious. The Proactiva joint venture in Latin America is to continue for the time being.000 subscribers. 22. with a turnover of EUR1.000 271 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 .000. 80km wastewater collectors and a 100km water network.000. rising to EUR7million pa. 2001 Paredes 35 year concession 60.000 sewerage The concession to serve Ourem (110km north of Lisbon. and 80km from Mafra) was gained in April 1995 (40. Construction started in March 1996 for a EUR43million facility. VE is involved in the construction of a wastewater treatment plant.000 People Sewerage 4.000 customers) were served in 2007. 1996 Frielas 30 year concession 70. generating revenues of EUR29. VE gained a EUR128million (EUR78million to VE) desalination contract in southern Spain.000 2. In 2008.Water 3. Portugal 275. which handles 560. via 15.000.000m³ per day.000 subscribers.000 60. 2009 Madrid 4&2 years management 3. 1995 Mafra 25 year concession 45.000.000 PE sewerage In Frielas.000 people. This contract operates 2 wastewater treatment plants.060.000 PE water & wastewater VE was awarded the concession in January 2001 with a turnover of EUR4million for 2002.000 270.000 wastewater This contract is initially worth EUR16million and covers the management of Canal Isabel II‘s South wastewater treatment plant. The 25 year water provision concession has sales of FRF25million pa (45.400.000 people. a 15 year wastewater services management contract was agreed with Mafra. This contract operates one wastewater treatment plant. The municipality intends to invest EUR200-250million on improved sewerage systems over the length of the contract.500 6. 1995 Ourem 31 year concession 40.VEOLIA General des Aguas (water and sewerage) which in 1997 served 3million people in Spain and had net sales of FRF1billion.000 connections).000 600.000 PE water and wastewater VE was awarded the concession in July 2000 with a turnover of EUR7million pa.46/m³. worth EUR93million.000 70. A sludge digester ensures that the facility is self-sufficient for energy.48/m³. Aguas de Valongo serves 31.FRANCE PART 3(i): COMPANY ANALYSIS: MAJOR PLAYERS . 2000 Valongo 30 year concession 80. compared with the current price of EUR0.000 subscribers) and will be extended to wastewater. because it has been alleged that this contract has been set up as a loss leader by VE with its water fee tender of EUR0.340. 2007 Campo Dailas 17 year BOT Water desalination In May 2007.000 5. This was completed at the end of 1998 and serves the equivalent of 70. Paredes is 40km east of Porto.

1. with revenues of EUR4million pa. along with 40 industrial water outsourcing contracts. while the Sokolov contract gained a 16 year extension.000 water & sewerage Revenues for the contract will be worth EUR600million. The contract will generate total revenues of around EUR360million.07million of the inhabitants were connected to the mains water supply and 0. 2006 Prostejov 25 year management 70. 272 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 . 2004 Eastern Moravia 30 year concession 157. Eastern Bohemia‘s regional capital and 50. 1998 Northern Bohemia 15 year concession (1995) 1. Revenues in 2005 were CZK11billion.3million people in 1. holding a further 34. Cizcice and Ejpovice. the contract was extended to cover a further 72.000 water & sewerage In June 2004 Veolia signed a 30 year contract with Vodovbody a Kanalizace Zlin (VAK Zlin) the water public authority for the eastern part of Moravia in the Czech Republic. The Aqua Pibram concession contract was extended by 10 years in 2003.000 people). 1999 1996 1996 1999 V Klatovy Pilsen Sokolov Aqua Pibram 10 year concession 12 + 10 year concession 10 + 16 year concession 10 + 10 year concession 50.VEOLIA The Czech Republic Veolia Voda (www. Stredoceské Vodárny AS generated revenues of CZK614million in 2006. giving the company 43.000 water & sewerage The contract covers 100. Allied with the sewerage expansion.JVS was sold to Energie AG (Austria) in 2008.000 water & sewerage 80. which served 220. Total revenues will be EUR30million.o.87million to the sewerage network.000 people) plus wastewater (180.000 people in Hradec Kralove.veoliavoda.ScV had revenues of CZK274million in 2006.ScV AS after the merger with VAK Ricany u Prahy. the Pilsen contract was granted a 10 year extension to 2017.1billion and rose to CZK5.7million) to VE. 2006 Slany 15 year management 21. VE acquired Bouygues‘ 50% holding in their CTSE JV. 1.000 water & sewerage 130.200 municipalities. this boosted 1998 turnover to CZK700million which was steady at CZK737million in 2006. The Aqua Pibram concession was gained in December 1999.000 water & sewerage VE will manage the Prostejov Water Company‘s facilities in the Moravian Region and the contract will generate EUR139million.000 water & sewerage 230.cz) serves 4. The contract will generate revenues of EUR525million.000 people. VP extended its service areas in the two latter districts with the municipalities of Štenovice. In 2002. which added 4..53billion in 2006.FRANCE PART 3(i): COMPANY ANALYSIS: MAJOR PLAYERS .600 water & sewerage Vodarenska and Kanalizanci AS Plzen (VP) serves the city of Pilsen on a lease with O&M work. In 2004. ScVK‘s turnover to March 1999 was CZK1. At the start. During 1997.238. with Severoceske Vodarensky Svaz (SVS).000 in 100 other municipalities in the region. The area includes 80 districts. the latter through a new sewage treatment facility opened in 1997.000 people in the northern part of Pilsen.000 water & sewerage Hyder‘s stake was sold for CZK795million (USD26. 1. formed by the client towns.r. 2005 Hradec Karlove 30 year concession 149.000 water & sewerage This contract is adjacent to the Kladno-Melnik contract area. Revenues in 2006 were CZK374million.17% of Severomoravske Vodovy a Kanalizace Ostrava (ScVK). Kralovehradecka Provozni AS had revenues of CZK534million in 2006. The contract is currently for water provision (230. Industrial and domestic customers pay an equal amount for water and prices are below that seen in most of the Czech Republic.600 people. s. Aqua Pibran was renamed 1.7%. In 2000. 2004 Kladno-Melnik 20 year concession 331.

Mátraszele and Vizslás. In 2002. In 2007. The town of Banska Bystrica has 85. Kazár. the remaining 34% of shares were acquired from the municipality. which is part of the Presov region in the North East of the country. villages and districts in Central and Northern Slovakia. DBO 1. with annual revenues of EUR17million and a total contract value of EUR566million. 1994 Szeged 15 year concession 168. The concession was extended to 28 years in 2002.. VE and Budapest Water will hold 26% of the operating company with the municipalities retaining 74%.000 water & wastewater Poprad Water Company (PVS) was awarded the concession.000 people in 750 towns. installing meters and a progressive pricing policy. which holds 49% of Szegedi Vizmü.000 people.500. 2004 Salgótarján 20 year O&M 44. 2001 Prague 28 year concession 1.000 water & wastewater VE and AWG paid EUR174million for a 66% stake in PVK.3million people.000 in the region. Leakage was reduced from 47% in 2001 to 23% by 2006. Water and wastewater services will be provided to 950.000 wastewater 273 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 . Total net sales for the contract will be EUR200million. It is the first PSP contract in the region.000 water & sewerage The Szeged contract had a HUF1.6billion.4billion over the contract. 2006 Banska Bystrica 30 year concession 660.000 water & sewerage Érd és Térsége Víziközmû Kft. a joint venture with the Budapest Water Company was set up in May 2006 for providing water and wastewater services to 100. the holding company for the contract.000 water This concession was awarded to Stredomoravaska Vodarenska AS (SMV) in March 2000.465.VEOLIA 2000 Olomouc 20 year concession 140. are the first international water tenders in the Slovak Republic. 2006 Erd Region 25 year concession 100. Currently 60% of the city is connected to the sewerage network. Revenues in 2006 were CZK4.FRANCE PART 3(i): COMPANY ANALYSIS: MAJOR PLAYERS . The company has been profitable since 1996 and water consumption has been reduced by targeting leakage. The contract was gained after VE had been awarded a HUF200million water treatment plant construction contract in 1992. The 13 year concession will generate EUR60million in 2001 and EUR120million in subsequent years.000 water & wastewater This is a concession with the Banska Bystrica Water Company (StVS) which will generate revenues of EUR1. There are 57.16billion turnover (HUF40million) in 1995. Hungary VE aims to increase its share of the market in Hungary from 20% to 50% in the medium term. awarded in May 2006. 2006 revenues were CZK395million.000 people in the town of Poprad. The contract will concentrate on service quality improvement and upgrading water and sewage treatment to EU standards. it served a total of 2. The 15 year contract was awarded to VE‘s 100% held subsidiary Servitec. Slovakia These contracts.000 people in the seven districts of Erd which lies to the south of Budapest.000 sewerage The Salgótarjáni Csatornamû Kft contract covers the operation of a sewage treatment works and sewerage system serving the towns of Salgótarján. and VE subsequently bought out AWG‘s stake. 2006 Poprad 30 year concession 290. with 660. 2006 Budapest 4+4 years.

000 people in the two towns. The company manages the municipal water and wastewater services for 75.800. along with Hídépíto and Alterra. In 2009-11.000m per day.67million with wastewater. with contracts in Poland and Bulgaria. Annual revenues will be EUR80million pa.400. with the proportion of households receiving a continual water supply rising from 39% to 91%.1% stake in Fövarosi Csatornásási Müvek Rt. Romania 2000 Ploiesti 25 year concession 250.1% of Sofiyska Voda AD.000 water and wastewater The concession to modernise Bucharest's water supply was granted to Apa Nova Bucuresti ANB (84% held by VE. EUR26million will be spent on network upgrading and renewal over 15 years and EUR47million on treatment systems over 25 years. VW holds 77.000m /day wastewater treatment works (wet weather capacity 900.000m /day in 2000 to 280. 1.85% stake increased to 63.5million people in the Budapest area. VE‘s initial 33. Bulgaria 1999 Sofia 25 year concession 1. Poland 1999 Biesko Biala 12 year concession 300.813 to 162.000m ) at Csepel to serve 1. Secondary treatment capacity 3 3 has increased from 220. 2000 Bucharest 25 year concession 1.000m per day and a typical 3 throughput of 400. The facility entered service in 2010 and will be operated by them until 2014.000) and 12 municipalities in the surrounding area. 274 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 . At the start of the contract. it was upgraded further at a cost of EUR33million to take in energy recovery and tertiary treatment. BWI (35%) and EBRD (30%) took a 25. with the number of customer connections rising from 137. Acquisition of United Utilities’ C&EE activities VE acquired UU‘s C&EE contract portfolio in April 2010. 1997 Budapest 25 year concession 1. The contract will generate total revenues of EUR125million. with a turnover of EUR8million pa.000 sewerage The management company formed by VE (35%).000 water The concession was awarded to Apa Nova Plotesti SRL (73% held by VE. Poland 2006 Wozniki 10 year management 10. this had increased 2. 27% by the municipality) in April 2000. two local civil works companies. the utility providing water and wastewater services to the city (200.8million people were served with water and 1..5% in 2003. The concession is being supported by the World Bank. EUR210million was invested in the first nine years of the concession out of an expected total of EUR1.000 water and wastewater In November 1999. UUI and International Water entered into a strategic partnership with the municipality of Biesko Biala and acquired 33.753.000 water and wastewater 3 The upgraded Kubratovo WWTW has a design capacity of 500. 2001 TGMS 25 year concession 75.000m /day in 2004 (76% being used).2% of Aqua SA.000 water & sewerage The contract to operate the Tarnowskie Gory and Miasteczko Slaskie water company was gained in December 2001. 16% by the municipality) in April 2000. gained a EUR290million contract to build (EUR249million) and operate for four years (EUR40million) a 3 3 350.VEOLIA In 2006 Degrémont and Veolia.FRANCE PART 3(i): COMPANY ANALYSIS: MAJOR PLAYERS .05billion.3million.900.000 water VE‘s PWIK Wozniky gained the contract for the town of Wozniky in Upper Silesia in February 2006. By 2009. Budapest‘s wastewater company.

88%. with an enterprise value of EUR233million.000 water & wastewater A EUR160million contract supported by USD 19million in World Bank funding.000 154.0% 99. Scotland 1998/99 Eastern Scotland 30 year PFI BOT 275 585. and the London Boroughs of Barnet. Essex.6million. A partnership with Evraziysky and Eurasian Water Partnership for the development of water and wastewater projects in Russia was signed in October 2006.200. 48% Vodokanal & 1% St Petersburg municipality) gained a five year management contract for the city‘s left bank water treatment works.000. UK revenues of EUR160million (GBP109million) are anticipated for 2008 (with EUR80million revenues gained in the first half of 2008).1% 78. 51% GDE. the most important of which is Three Valleys Water. The initial emphasis will be in managing water leakage and service extension. TVW reached a 41% level of metering by 2011. Thames Water Services was acquired by Veolia Water UK for EUR115million (GBP78million) in August 2007. Tendring Hundreds and Folkestone and Dover are characterised by high levels of domestic metering. 83% of the former company‘s domestic customers had meters in 2011. Hillingdon and Enfield.16 The SWCs were renamed in 2009: Veolia Water Central Veolia Water Southeast Veolia water East Three Valleys Tendring Hundreds Folkestone & Dover Three Valleys Water consists of the Colne Valley. while the latter company aims to have 78% of customers metered by 2015 compared with 55% in 2007. Ealing. asset owning entities that supply water only. 2005 St Petersburg 5 year management 2.FRANCE PART 3(i): COMPANY ANALYSIS: MAJOR PLAYERS . EWP currently has water and wastewater contracts serving Rostov-on-Don (Voda Rostova) and Omsk.95 4.000. Harrow. Buckinghamshire.VEOLIA The Russian Federation In 2007. which is active in C&EE and the Russian Federation and the Ukraine. The Folkestone Waterworks Company was formed in 1848. The company provides 3 0.000 sewage treatment Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 . The company has two principal contracts in Wales and Scotland. A further EUR70million was invested in 2009.000 163.65 Operating Profit 53. including acquiring 50% of EWP‘s equity. Rickmansworth and Lee Valley Water companies. Surrey.2million m /day of water. Armenia 2005 Yerevan 10 year management 1. United Kingdom Veolia Water UK has controlling holdings in three British Statutory Water Companies (SWCs).858million m /day of water to parts of Bedfordshire. Y/E 31/03/2011 (£million) Veolia Water Central Veolia Water East Veolia Water Southeast Population 3. and merged with two other companies in 1953 and 1970. Hertfordshire.000 water Veolia Water‘s SPEP (Société Eau Pure. one of the first to take advantage of the Waterway Clauses Act of 1847. VE acquired six SWCs between 1988 and 1990.68 18. bringing the EBRD‘s stake up to 16. The company grew again following a merger in October 2000 with VE‘s North Surrey Water.7% Turnover 239. This facility 3 handles 1. VE sold its final interest in Southern Water to Southern Water Capital Limited in April 2006 for EUR89. which was formed in 1973 from four founder companies. Brent.10 3.220 Equity Holding 100.65 14. Berkshire. the EBRD (European Bank for Reconstruction and Development) invested EUR90million to acquire 10% of Veolia Voda. which were merged in 1994.

100million GBP1.5billion contract starting from April 2005. The Tay scheme (33% held by UU) is for a single site serving Dundee and Angus and entered service in March 2002 at a total cost of GBP120million. with five yearly reviews. which was wound up in 2010.000 sewage treatment These contracts were awarded by the North of Scotland Water Authority to Catchment Ltd. at Fort William (PE of 20. Wales 2001 Wales 5&7 years.2million at completion. with UU responsible for the operation of the sewage treatment works through Caledonian Water. Scotland PFI 1998 1998 1999 2001 Fort William Inverness Tay Moray Coast 28 year PFI BOT 28 year PFI BOT 28 year PFI BOT 28 year PFI BOT 14. These contracts are operated by Veolia Water UK.000 for GBP10million) and Inverness (PE of 125. This contract was originally worth GBP450million and was expanded to GBP600million. UU Contract Solutions (UUCS) gained GBP3.000 in an area covering 1million people at the outset and 1.3million connected properties.000 at the start.FRANCE PART 3(i): COMPANY ANALYSIS: MAJOR PLAYERS . The original Almond Valley and Seafield GBP50million scheme for the upgrading of five sewage treatment works serving Edinburgh and replacing sewage sludge disposal to sea with land based recycling has been extended to include the GBP20million Esk Valley scheme.000 sewage treatment 270. United Utilities water outsourcing contracts Year 2001 2003 2004 2005 2006 Client Welsh Water Scottish Water Welsh Water Southern Water Scottish Water Contract Operations Capex management (JV) Operations Capex management (JV) Capex management (JV) Total value GBP450million GBP1.000 for GBP35million). The GBP76million scheme for the Moray Firth involves three sewage treatment works and 25km of sewerage for the Moray Firth. To date. The four year operations contract with Glas Cymru for Dwr Cymru Welsh Water‘s (DCWW) operations started in April 2001. UUCS also gained a GBP15million water meter installation and replacement contract.000 sewage treatment 55. covering both water and sewerage activities. GBP1. England. The population covered will be 585. The GBP45million Highland scheme has two facilities. This was replaced with a 15 year. VE acquired UU‘s outsourcing contracts serving various utilities in England. No contracts were subsequently gained. UU is now involved in managing contracts covering 35% of the UK water sector‘s asset 276 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 .500million GBP750million GBP760million Duration 4 years 5 years 15 years 5 years 4 years The Southern Water contract is worth GBP300million to UU and covers 250 water and wastewater projects. The contract serves 1. which fits in with a pattern of these contract awards in relation to the AMP cycles.VEOLIA Sterling Water (Veolia 100% following a buyout in 2009) gained the Eastern Scotland contract. while UU will be involved in managing water provision across Wales and sewage treatment in north Wales. variable costs have been reduced by 20%. Customer Services 1. representing a population of over 3million.3billion in utility related contracts across the UK and revenues of at least GBP650million pa in the medium term.000 households The first contract was worth GBP68million to manage customer services for Dwr Cymru Welsh Water until 2005. In 2005 it was renewed for up to 7 years.300. rising to 850. Wales and Scotland – Outsourcing contracts During 2004-05. Wales and Scotland. In 2002.000 sewage treatment 66. which are both fully operational. Acquisition of United Utilities’ UK outsourcing contracts In April 2010.

In addition water is provided to 70. a JV with Veba Kraftwerk Ruhr AG until 1998) gained a contract for Döbeln/Oschatz in Saxony with a turnover of DM17million. with the majority 50.1% stake being held by the City of Berlin.000.000 PE for industrial effluents) and will generate revenues of EUR26million.193 136 193 233 N/A N/A 2009 1.000 water & sewerage Oewa (46% held by VE.000m /day to 87. after the partial privatisation of BWB.139 150 200 241 87 415 2008 1.123 19 5 1.000 water & sewerage 277 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 . serving 240. Vennsys is 51% held by Veolia Water UK. which will increase its treatment capacity from 51.117 17 5 1.000 (including 10. 2008 Mullingar 22 year BOT 28. the VE-led consortium Vennsys Limited gained a 10 year meter reading.000. The sale by VE and RWE of 80% of Berlinwasser International to Marubeni in 2005 was rescinded in 2006 and in 2007 BWB decided to continue developing these activities. Berlinwasser Holding AG was formed and BWB was vested into this company. 1999 Grimma 25 year concession 85.4million people in Berlin.197 158 N/A N/A N/A N/A BWB dates back to 1856. Other contracts in Germany directly held by VE 1995 Döbeln/Oschatz 20 year management 240.BWI (m m ) 2005 N/A N/A N/A 1.1% and RWE 49.000 wastewater Total revenues for the contract will be EUR48million including renovating a 55. Germany Berliner Wasserbetriebe Y/E 31/12 (EURmillion) Domestic revenues International revenues Services revenues Total turnover Net profit 3 Water sales in Germany (million m ) 3 Sewage treated in Germany (m m ) 3 Water sales .000 water & sewerage BWB serves 3. Please see the RWE company entry for BWB International‘s activities.FRANCE PART 3(i): COMPANY ANALYSIS: MAJOR PLAYERS .000 people. In 1999. The 10 year contract will generate GBP 240million. automation and management contract for Thames Water.172 19 5 1.147 89 202 231 N/A N/A 2007 1. including 45 years with its services being divided by the Berlin Wall. The consortium (VE 50. wastewater This is a EUR71million repair. enlargement and operation contract for the city‘s wastewater treatment 3 3 plant. operating nine water treatment works and six sewage treatment works. Ireland 2008 Castlebar 22 year BOT 20.9%) acquired 49.VEOLIA base and is involved in 60% of the 9% of the utilities market in the UK that has been outsourced to date.9% of BWB for EUR1.000m /day. 1999 Berlin 30 year concession 4. In 2011. 2006 Limerick 20 year BOT 90.000 wastewater The contract involves renovating and operating the WWTW to a PE of 35.69billion. 34% by H2O Water Services and 15% by Mace.BWI (million m ) 3 Sewage treated .000 PE sewage works which will cost EUR25million and is due to enter service in June 2010.183 7 6 1.000 people and wastewater treatment to 535.000 in Brandenburg via 10 water and 24 wastewater contracts with a total of 113 local authorities.234 85 197 227 N/A N/A 2006 1.

The company manages water and wastewater services for the city in Lower Saxony. Treatment capacity is 119million m pa.000 being served with piped water and 45.000 water & wastewater The contract with the regional Authority of Burg in Saxony-Anhalt is worth EUR20million. 350.100. 2009 Pulheim Concession 54. including 6 gained via the 1994 acquisition of Awatech. 2009 Burg 15 year O&M 24. 2005 Braunschweig 30 year O&M 280. sewerage. VE also has a 25 year O&M contract for sewerage services in the Hanover area. The plant has a 350.VEOLIA The concession covers 19 communes in Saxony. with a turnover of EUR15million pa.000 water & wastewater 278 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 . 2004 Braunschweig 16 year BOT 240.5million.000 water & wastewater The contract is with the municipality of Gera in Thuringia.9% of Braunschweiger Versorgungs AG (BVAG) in December 2004 for EUR372. energy and public transport services to the town.9%) 63. activities in Saxony Anhalt were boosted by the acquisition of Midewa. including EUR290million in 3 Capex and a fee of EUR49. 2001 Görlitz Acquisition (74. which has a turnover of EUR56million pa. The contract is worth EUR153million over its life. Total revenues for the contract will be EUR130million. heat and gas contracts were renewed.5% of Stadwerke Springe in 2009. Sweden 2001 Norrtalje 10 year ‗concession‘ 50.6million pa for the Aquiris consortium.000 water VE acquired 74. Belgium 2001 Brussels 20 year DBFO 1. 1999 Midewa Acquisition 350. holding 25 contracts. awarded in December 2005 covers the city‘s wastewater treatment plants run by Stadtentwässerung Braunschweig Gmbh and is worth EUR390million.000 wastewater A subsequent contract.000 PE.000 storm sewerage VW acquired 33. the electricity. It also provides waste management. and the facility entered service in the first half of 2008.000 are included for water services and 210. 2009 Springe Concession 10.000 sewage treatment Construction of the Brussels North STW started in 2003. water.000 municipal services Saxony‘s Stadwerke Görlitz had a EUR61million turnover in 2000. 2003 Gera 10 year BOT 153.000 for sewerage.000 water and sewerage VE acquired 49% of Stadwerke Pulheim in 2009. The company has generated revenues of EUR270-300million pa since 2005.000 water & sewerage In December 1999. In 2009. 85. The Aquiris contract is worth a total of EUR1billion over its life.000 with sewerage.FRANCE PART 3(i): COMPANY ANALYSIS: MAJOR PLAYERS . Oewa Wasser und Abwasser GmbH mainly operates in Saxony-Anhalt. 2007 Thale Concession 13.000 water and sewerage VW acquired 49% of Stadwerke Pulheim in 2009.

Italy Until 2005.FRANCE PART 3(i): COMPANY ANALYSIS: MAJOR PLAYERS .379 people respectively. This is the first water PPP in Sweden. a company providing sewerage and sewage treatment to 700. Enel (23%) and Acquedotto Pugliese (23%) gained the concession in July 2001.195 customers. serving 38 communes. including EUR300million in the first decade and reducing leakage from 30% to 12%. Norway 2003 Oslo Construction/operation option Water treatment This is to be the largest water treatment plant in Norway. Acquisition of Enel Hydro 75% of Siciliacque. In March 2002.000 tourists use the area. as well as pumping stations for Stockholms Lokaltrafik (SL).000 people and costing EUR73million in total. The 2005 acquisition of Enel Hydro has more than compensated for the decision to sell its stakes in the two Genovan water companies to Amga. The 40 year concession starts in 2004 and calls for investments of EUR1billion. serving 44. Mill Hill NV. In October 2001. 279 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 . USD3. 2001 Latina 30 year concession 600.74million. UFW needs to be decreased from 70% to 25-30% and major sewage treatment upgrades are also required. the Dutch holding company of the Garilli family. Argentina 1994/1996 Balacarse & Laprida 20 year concessions 45. serving the region of Calabria. Camuzzi holds 100% of Aguas de Laprida and 70% of Aguas de Balacarse.000 water and wastewater The concessions cover two towns in the Buenos Aires region. with completion planned for 2008. 2001 Calabria 30 year concession 752. along with 20% of Idrosicilia and an option for Enel‘s remaining 40% stake in the latter company.000 water & wastewater VE and Acquedotto Pugliese hold 49% of Societa Risorce Idriche Calabresi (So Ri Cal).8%).000 people.VEOLIA The turnover over the life of the contract will be EUR25million. The concessions serve a total of 17. Camuzzi's subsidiary Gazometri in total manages 5 concessions in Lombardy. Veolia Vatten also operates the water and wastewater networks for the municipalities of Danderyd and Jarfalla. mainly through Idrosicilia SpA which provides water management services in Sicily. mainly during the first 8-10 years. after the tendering process had been held up by a dispute over the scoring system. the entity running Sicily‘s water distribution system was sold to a VE and Enel joint venture in 2004 for EUR299million. A consortium of VE (21. VE acquired 100% of Enel Hydro in the deal.835 customers.000 water & wastewater ATO de Latina covers southern Lazio‘s ATO-4.1million people. The concession will be worth EUR2billion over its operating life. serving some 250. There is an option for a 15+5 year operations contract worth EUR102million. Enel bought the rest of Camuzzi for USD870million from Mill Hill NV. The company is principally engaged in gas services.54million has been spent on infrastructure development since 1994. 6% of the group turnover in 1999 was in environmental services. Tuscany and Abruzzo and supplies 40. Gruppo Camuzzi Gruppo Camuzzi was founded in Milan in 1929. It is understood that VE continues to hold 72% of Siemec. A further 500. with a 2001 turnover of USD1. Enel‘s water activities were sold to VE for EUR36million in May 2005. sold 40% of its 100% holding in Gruppo Camuzzi to Enel for EUR434million. Enel Hydro SpA provides water to 6. The concession became operational in 2002 and involves ITL800billion of capital spending over its life. Camuzzi gained a 20 year concession contract for water and wastewater services for the town of Massa.051 and 30. VE was effectively engaged in managing a portfolio of operating contracts and strategic stakes. In 1997.

VE will hold 45% of the Lanzhou Water Supply Company.000m /day Jinbin water treatment works.100million in revenues.000.000 water The August 2006 contract sees VE taking 49% of Liuzhou Water Services and responsibility for managing all water distribution services. 2005 Kunming 30 year BOT 3.000.000. It includes 3 managing the Xinkaihe water production plant (1million m /day) and a 1. 2008 Changle 30 year management 680.FRANCE PART 3(i): COMPANY ANALYSIS: MAJOR PLAYERS . serving some 38million people in China. Revenues over the contract will be some EUR330million.000 water Signed in November 2005. this contract will generate EUR1.000 tonnes per day. 2005 Handan 25 year BOT 800.000 wastewater 280 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 .000 water management VE and Citic Pacific acquired a 49% stake in the municipal company Changzhou Tap Water Group following an international tender.500.000 sludge treatment This facility is designed to handle the sludges produces by Hong Kong‘s 11 WWTWs.750km distribution network and customer services. The contract is worth EUR800million and involves managing the 3 company.200.190. VE currently has 22 municipal and 6 industrial contracts.5billion. the company will develop the water conveyance network to all the industrial areas in the Binhai area. 2007 Haikou 30 year management 800.988km of mains and the 3 500. the Northern part of Tianjin. It will handle 800 tonnes of sludge per day at the start. 2006 Liuzhou 30 year management 1.000m /day. VE will manage four water treatment plants with a total 3 capacity of 2.615million m /day water treatment and distribution service. The contract will generate revenues of EUR2. 2005 Changzhou 30 year BOT 1. and the Binhai district on the Eastern coast.6billion contract for the capital of Gansu Province was gained in January 2007. The project will cover the district of Shibei. It is by some way the fastest growing market VE is involved in and is set to become VE‘s largest international water services market in the medium term. including 5 water treatment plants (capacity 790. including 4 water treatment plants with a combined capacity 3 of 540. VE and Citic 3 Pacific will hold 49% of Kunming Water Supply and manage its 1.000m /day and 640km of water mains. 2007 Tianjin 30 year management 3. 2008 revenues were EUR19million. In addition.000m /day). 2010 Hong Kong 3+15 year DBO 4. The contract will generate revenues of EUR776million. including 27million via full service concessions. following the acquisition of 49% of the operating company.000. rising to 2.000 water VE acquired 49% of the Tianjin Shibei Water Company Ltd from the Tianjin Water Works (Group) Company Ltd.VEOLIA China VE‘s consolidated revenues in China were EUR350million in 2003. It is 60% held by VE and 40% by Leighton Asia.000 water This EUR1. situated along the coast of Bohai Bay. 2007 Lanzhou 30 year management 3. currently under construction. water The contract will generate revenues of EUR294million.000 water & wastewater The Haikou (Hainan) contract was awarded in June 2007. a 1.200. The facility is planned to enter service in early 2014 at a construction cost of EUR414million followed by operating costs of EUR20million per annum. This contract generated EUR20million in revenues during the final seven months of 2006.

000m /day by 2008. Revenues over the life of the contract will be approximately EUR400million. 2004 Zunyi 35 year concession 600. signed a 20 year contract to operate the Lugouqiao wastewater treatment plant. in partnership with Beijing 3 3 Capital Group (BCG). At the start of the project.200.000. 281 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 . In 2009.000 wastewater Veolia Water and Kerry Utilities (part of PPB of Malaysia). 2003 Shenzhen 50 year BOT 7. The contract contributed EUR103million to VE‘s 2008 consolidated revenues.500.000. VE is investing EUR390million into the project. 2002 Baoji BOT. Shenzhen Water Group acquired five companies which manage water services in the district of Baoan.000 water The rehabilitation and operation of the Inner Mongolian capital‘s water production and treatment 3 system (10 plants) has a capacity of 515.000m /day and its operation for 25 years. water This is a EUR190million rehabilitation and operation contract for bulk water services.610.000m /day.000 bulk water supply VE is to refurbish the city‘s two WTWs and to expand their capacity. 2002 Zhuhai BOT. 30 year 1.6million people were served. Revenues will total EUR110million.000 wastewater The contract (with China Everbright) covers the operation of two wastewater treatment works for the 2008 Beijing Olympiad.000 water & wastewater This contract is being jointly operated with Beijing Capital Corporation (see company entry) and will generate revenues totalling EUR8.000 bulk water supply VE is to refurbish one WTW and to construct a second facility.000m /day to 140. The capacity of the Maidao plant was 3 3 increased from 80. The plant will cost EUR40million. 2003 Beijing 20 year BOT 250. 23 year 500.000m /day will increase to 400. The Veolia Water Systems contract will have total revenues of EUR62million. Total revenues will be EUR50million. This is the first private sector WWTW contract for Beijing and will be financed through a World Bank loan to the Beijing municipality with VE and Kerry providing an additional EUR5million. Total revenue for Veolia Water for the contract will be EUR260million.000m /day and will generate revenues of EUR600million.VEOLIA This contract involves the construction of a new wastewater treatment plant with a capacity of 3 100.000 water Zunyi is in Guizhou Province. The plant‘s current capacity of 200.FRANCE PART 3(i): COMPANY ANALYSIS: MAJOR PLAYERS .000 wastewater The contract serves the capital of the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region and involves upgrading and operating for a 23 year period of the city‘s wastewater treatment plant. 2. This rehabilitation and operation contract is being carried out jointly with Citic Pacific (see company entry) and will generate total revenues of EUR210million.200. located in the east of Beijing. Revenues over the life of the contract will be approximately EUR300million.5billion. 2003 Qingdao 25 year BOT 1. 2004 Beijing 20 year BOT Wastewater The Bei Yuan wastewater treatment plant is adjacent to the Olympic Village and the contract will generate total revenues of EUR20million. 2004 Weinan 22 year BOT 300. 45% of the contract company is held by VE and BCG and 55% by the Shenzhen municipalities.000m /day in 2006. providing 3 160. 2004 Hohhot 30 year BOT 2. 2005 Urumqi 23 year BOT 1.

VE gained the water O&M contract for the Pudong business district in Shanghai. VE 80%. The contract is jointly run by Hanwha Engineering & Construction Corporation & Doosan Construction & Engineering.2million live in the central area. 30. An immediate priority has been reducing distribution losses from their 30% level.000m /day. 18 year 3. providing water to one third of the 11million served 3 by the municipality.000. 2001 Incheon 23 year BOT 260. 1998 Chengdu BOT.000m /day and Songdo. Republic of Korea 2010 Dongbu 15 year management Industrial water services A EUR183million acquisition of Dongbu Corp‘s wastewater and process water facilities.000 sewage treatment The Incheon contract (Samsung Veolia Incheon Wastewater Co. Veolia Water has bought a 50% share in a new JV company. to grow to 500. USD90million going on the 3 treatment plant which started operations in 2002.000 people) and (2) A USD40million contract for pipeline and pumping station renovations for the new capital Astana (300. The two facilities entered service in April 2005. Construction took 30 months and includes 27km of pipelines. which has a 500.VEOLIA 2002 Shanghai 50 years.2million m . The project for Sichuan‘s capital cost USD100million.000m /day) with a total capacity of 100.250. 282 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 . Chengdu has a total population of 10million. which is 55% held by a JV which is in turn 70% owned by VE and 45% held by the municipality‘s Tianjin Waterworks Co. Ltd.200.000m /day capacity and is one of the Tianjin's largest facilities. Kazakhstan VE was awarded two contracts in March 2000: (1) A 30 year water management contract for the old capital Almaty (1. O&M 2. 3 3 3 70. This was the first wholly foreign owned BOT water supply project in China.. The Almaty contract never started due to delays by the Government causing VE to pull out. At the start of operations.000 bulk water supply The BOT contract was awarded to Chengdu Générale des Eaux-Marubeni Waterworks (CGDEM).000m /day in the medium term.200. The contract generates bulk water sales of USD15million pa. It supplies 460.000 water treatment 3 This was awarded for upgrading the Lingzhuang water treatment works. The entire Pudong area currently has 2. 40% Marubeni). the contract will supply potable water to 535. This is the first outsourcing contract to give a foreign company the responsibility for providing a full service offering: embracing drinking water production.000 domestic connections and 18. The business district is forecast in the long-term to be home to 5million people. 1997 Tianjin ‗Concession-type‘. The facility is to have its capacity increased by 250. The facility will have a capacity of 40. network distribution and customer services.000 water services In May 2002.000m /day and will generate consolidated revenues of EUR80million. for an amount of EUR266million.850. a JV with Marubeni (60% VE.4million residents. 20 year 1..000m /day of water. and Samsung Engineering 20%) involves USD300million being spent on two sewage treatment works (Mansu. of whom 3.000 wastewater treatment 3 The Kumdan WWTW is located near Incheon.000 commercial and industrial customers with an average daily 3 consumption of 1. VE retains an industrial water services presence in the region. The 50 year contract is expected to generate a turnover of over EUR10billion during the term due to the expected substantial growth of Pudong in the coming years. Shanghai Pudong Veolia Water Corporation. CGE Tianjin Waterworks holds the concession. 2004 Kumdan 23 year BOT 150. with an agreed Capex of USD30million for plant rehabilitation and the building of a new 13km piping network.FRANCE PART 3(i): COMPANY ANALYSIS: MAJOR PLAYERS .000).

VE 3 gained a three year O&M contract for a 283.400ha site earmarked for future development. In July 2007. 1995 Selangor 25 year O&M contract 283 1.000 people. VE made four further acquisitions of water technology companies in Japan during the first half of 2008: Company Nishihara Environment Technology Dai Nippon Eco Engineering Yamagata Kangyo Engineering Nichijo India VW India gained a four year performance contract to provide continual water supplies at various pilot locations in the state of Karnataka. 2007 2008 Nagpur Nagpur 5 year O&M 15 year DBO 100.VEOLIA Japan VE has had a low key presence in Japan. where EUR25million will be spent developing the basic water and wastewater infrastructure in the first three years of the contract. which will generate total revenues of EUR17. Philippines The 1998 Fort Bonifacio concession was sold to a third party in 2007.000 customers (100. The facility will have a 20. This company. a water management unit of Mitsui Mining Co. The 240. In this case. or a 3 EUR4million investment by Veolia Water. it is for a 4. Major contracts have been gained since 2006. a district near Tokyo and for Hiroshima).000 connections including 10. serving 200.8million.000 water Revenues EUR38million EUR8million EUR4million EUR7million Revenue year 2007 2008 2007 2006 Revenues for the 30 month construction and 15 year operations contract will be EUR24million. for 100.000 people in Chiba.FRANCE PART 3(i): COMPANY ANALYSIS: MAJOR PLAYERS . along with Indonesia‘s PT Agumar Nusa and PT Hansa Letsari. In 2010. the local water entity. now named Fresh Water Service Co provides water services for half of the households in Omuta.400.000 water provision Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 . including two three year O&M wastewater treatment works in 2006 (Saitama. In 2009. Fukuoka Prefecture and the neighbouring Arao in Kumamoto Prefecture.000m /day wastewater treatment plant serving 500. which were renewed for a further 3 years in 2009. Malaysia The company gained its first concession in 1995 and has made further progress by working with local companies so as to take over the operation of their concession contracts.000 social connections. a second EUR35million three year wastewater outsourcing contract was gained for Chiba.000 people through 33.000 water 650. The concession holds 95% of the equity.000 bulk water supply This concession is for bulk water provision to PDAM Delta Tirta Sidoarjo. a four year meter reading contract for Osaka worth EUR44million was renewed.000m per day water treatment plant contract was awarded in June 2008 and builds upon an earlier rehabilitation contract and a pilot services upgrading project designed to provide a continual water supply for 10. In April 2007. Indonesia 1997 Sidoarjo 25 year BOT 100. The build and management concession will entail a capital investment of INRR130billion. with total revenues of EUR21million. Veolia Water Japan and J-Power (Japan‘s Electric Power Development Co) acquired Fresh Water Miike. 3 including construction.000 people) in the city. being involved in short term wastewater maintenance contracts for some years.000m day capacity. 2000 Manila 25 year concession Water supply and sewerage The concession for the Clark Economic Zone is similar to the Fort Bonifacio contract.

management 1.000 people served with water).0% 81.3% 38.000 people) was the initial target area. including 17.000 people in worse off areas being connected to water and sewerage since 2002.433. The Tangiers contract was designed to generate revenues of EUR66million pa from 2001 and the Tétouan contract will generate revenues of EUR39million.7% 68. with 49% of SEEG held by local investors. 49% held by MDC and 51% by VE.400. Water coverage Libreville Franceville Port Gentil 1993 coverage 49. the number of connections rose from 58.0% 49. In 2011. 300.000 water Supported by USD65million in funding by the World Bank‘s IDA.4% 66. Niamey (600. Port-Gentil and Franceville. VE created a NAM1 a joint venture with the Mubadala Development Company.6% 37.0% 2000 actual 61.000 water & electricity The concession serves a total of 23 districts within the two cities.000 subsidised connections.600. the connection rate had risen from 40% to 70%. this 10 year affermarge contract for Société d'Exploitation des Eaux du Niger (SEEN. The two concessions cover water & wastewater and electricity services for 23 districts within the two cities.5% There were 100. Morocco In 2008. 2001 Tangier & Tétouan 25 year concession Up to 1.000 to 79.0% 43. serving a total of 1.688 new low cost connections.6million people in 38 local authorities through 738. Niger 2000 SEEN 10 years. Bill collection rates were 97% in 2004.7% By 2009. VE (51%) is the lead company in Amendis a consortium comprising ONA of Morocco.0% 2004 73. including XAF200million for water. 3.000 in Tetouan. Between 2001 and 2005.000 utility services VE won the tendering process to acquire a 51% stake in the Gabonese public utility Société d‘Electricité et d‘Eau du Gabon (SEEG). with combined revenues of EUR130million pa by the 284 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 . reflecting a programme to optimise affordability for all clients.FRANCE PART 3(i): COMPANY ANALYSIS: MAJOR PLAYERS . This is a XAF700million concession for water production and electricity distribution to the three principal cities.500 low cost water and sewerage connections. it was announced that VE was considering selling the concession.0% 43.9% 52. 45% local investors) covers 52 urban centres and charges on 3 average XOF208/m (EUR0. The two concessions currently serve 3. Average tariffs fell by 17% at the start of the contract and have been held to less than the rate of inflation since then. Gabon 1997 SEEG 20 year concession 1. with 192.500 water customer connections including 48.4million people.2million people are served with water and sewerage. As of 2011.3) for drinking water.000 in Tangiers and 630. with 84% network efficiency and 97% water quality compliance in 2005. the French Development Agency and the West African Development Bank. SOMED (Morocco and UAE) and Canada‘s Hydro Quebec. into which VE‘s activities in Morocco and the Middle East were transferred.3% 58. including 11. 55% VE.500 electricity and 588. Libreville (526. it appears that the contract remains active. A particular emphasis has been placed on water network efficiency: % efficiency Tangier Tétouan Rabat 2002 60.000 people had been connected to the water service via 60.978 which have subsidised 3 connections using less than 15m /month. 780.7% 2000 target 53.385 customer connections in 2005. By 2006. This involves the management and rehabilitation of the state‘s 26 water treatment plants with VE as a subcontractor to Puncak Niaga.VEOLIA The Selangor contract involves bulk water provision for the entire state.200. with 51 other districts being covered later.

plus a EUR15million extension option.000 water & sewage The EUR4. Veolia Water AMI was awarded a six year EUR40million incentive-based management contract for improving aspects of the management of the 10.000 low cost water connections and 20. 2007 Sûr 22 year BOO 350.200m /day RO desalination plant for the city of Sûr and the surrounding region of Sharqiyah. Lebanon 2009 Tyr Sour 5 year BO 40. which is responsible for water supply in eight of the sultanate‘s nine regions. covering 2. The former will involve reducing leakage from its current 50% level and the latter in improving the connection rate of the city. with a EUR138million (USD130million) turnover for water.300. sewerage and electricity 3 services in 1998. 285 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 .000 wastewater treatment 3 The contract covers two WWTWs. Saudi Arabia In April 2008.VEOLIA fifth year. The facility will cost EUR111million to construct in partnership with Bahwan Engineering Co (VE 60%. 84million m of water was delivered in 2000. Qatar 2009 Doha 7&3 year O&M 3 500. with an emphasis on extending and rehabilitating sewerage services. Pleiade (Portugal) and Alborada (Morocco). The concessions will also be designed to take into account the population growth anticipated over the duration. Dragados‘ consortium with Electricidade de Portugal. 1999 Rabat 30 year concession Up to 2. along with the aim of 90% sewerage coverage by 2008. where currently 2. MAD700million (EUR64million) was invested in the area in 2003.FRANCE PART 3(i): COMPANY ANALYSIS: MAJOR PLAYERS .000 low cost sewerage connections have been made since 2002. 28.000 water management VE is to provide co-management services for the Public Authority for Electricity and Water.6billion utility privatisation for Rabat and Sale was awarded to Redal. concentrating on a new WWTW in Skhirat. The facilities offer full water recovery for irrigation and agriculture. 15.500km sewerage system.200. finance and operate a 3 80.500 low cost water and wastewater connections have been made to date. development and operation of Muscat‘s wastewater collection and treatment system. Doha South (112. Rabat‘s utilities serve 1. 2006 Muscat 5&3 year management 700. OWSC is responsible for all wastewater services in Muscat under a 30 year concession agreement at the beginning of 2006 with the Government of Oman for the acquisition.000m per day) with an initial contract value of EUR44million.000 water provision In January 2007.7million people.3million people or 70% of the total population.5million inhabitants are connected to the system.0million of the 4. Oman 2011 PAEW 5&2 year management 2.000 wastewater A EUR31million contract for the construction and operation of a wastewater treatment plant. Bahwan 40%).000m per day) and Industrial Area (12.000km Riyadh water supply system and the 4. VE gained a EUR434million 22 year contract to build.000 wastewater treatment A five year management contract with a three year extension option was awarded by the Oman Wastewater Services Company in June 2006 to assist in the management of wastewater services in Muscat. The concessions involve network and service maintenance. Dragados sold its stake to VE in November 2002. including MAD350million in wastewater treatment facilities.

Construction will take 3 years. the largest membrane sea water desalination plant in Israel. The concession company is in turn 50% held by Besix. 20. 2008 Sydney 20 year BOT 75. 2006 Ajman 27 year Concession 235.000 PE). The shareholding is similar to the Ajman concession. IDE and Dankner of Israel gained the BOT contract. will be 232. Goodoa and Bundamba.000m of recycled water per day is to be provided to industrial customers. Contracts directly serving 2.527/m was well below expectations due to new technologies purchased by VE and a relatively low cost of capital.FRANCE PART 3(i): COMPANY ANALYSIS: MAJOR PLAYERS . 10% by Black & Veatch and 20% by the Ajman Government.400. the construction company‘s equity. with the plant 3 costing USD110million to build. 20% by VE. whereby a USD100million refinancing. VE bought out Thames Water. Al Ain (348.1million people have been identified. The facility entered service in 2003 with full capacity in 2005.000m /day. The volume of water treated by microfiltration or 3 ultrafiltration. VE has a DBO contract (the 3 year operating phase generating revenues of EUR10million) to treat the water in the artificial lake by the Burj Dubai Tower which was also gained in 2008. The facilities entered service in 2008.000 desalination Veolia Water was awarded a contract to operate and manage the reverse osmosis desalination plant at the F2 IWPP project in Qidfa.000 water desalination VID Investment Consortium. comprising VE. along with 230km of sewerage and the contract will generate EUR151million in revenues.000 wastewater treatment The concession was awarded in February 2006 to Moalajah.200. 3 The contract covers the construction and operation of the 320. This supersedes the Thames Water/Black & Veatch BOT.VEOLIA United Arab Emirates 2007 Fujairah 12 year O&M 130. with a 25 year operating contract on completion.000m /day facility was constructed from 2007-09. and 49.000m per day facility. In addition. Luggage Point and Gibson Island. Australia and New Zealand United Water was set up in 1995 to bid for the Adelaide contract.25million PE) and the plant 3 serving the emirate‘s second city.000 people in 2003) will treat 130. The Abu Dhabi 3 (850. Fujairah in December 2007. VE did not retain the Adelaide contract after its expiry in 2011. Wacol. and the new contract was awarded to Suez Environnement. reverse osmosis and UV.000m per day (876. the operating company. A 3 90. which was announced in July 2008.000m per day capacity (1.000 wastewater recovery The first contract involves the recycling of wastewater from sites at Oxley. The provision price of USD0.000 wastewater A EUR461million contract (including construction). VE holds 50% of OTID. as a vehicle for securing business for the state in other parts of Australasia. 2006 Queensland – I DBO 800. This company is managing the concession and is 67% owned by VE and 33% by Besix of Belgium. using the first monoline credit facility in the Middle East formed part of Thames Water selling its 60% stake in the original 2003 concession to the new holders.000 wastewater recovery A EUR99million contract for the Rosehill and Camelia WWTWs located to the west of Sydney which 3 entered service in 2011. The water will be used by industrial customers. Total revenues will be EUR900million.000 people in 2008) plant will have a 300. its United Water joint venture partner in 2005. Israel 2002 Ashkelon 25 year BOT 1. 286 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 .5% of ADOM. 2007 Abu Dhabi & Al Ain 27 year BOT 1. Australia VE serves ‗up to‘ 3million people in Australia via 14 contracts. There is a three year pre-operational phase prior to the facility entering service in 2010.

An additional 20 year contract covering four local water works was gained in 2003 serving 5. which became an O&M contract.000 wastewater treatment Victoria‘s Coliban Water Authority originally contracted VW to carry out an upgrade of its WWTW.000 water treatment The Aquia 2000 project for Victoria‘s Coliban Water Authority consists of three WTWs serving Bendigo (126ML/day). The 10 year O&M phase can be extended by a further five years.000 water treatment 3 This is a reverse osmosis desalination plant with an initial capacity of 250. 2002 Coliban 25 years BOOT 130.000 wastewater 3 A EUR43million construction and operation contract for an 8. 2000 Mafra 10 year BOT Water treatment The USD10.000 water treatment The AUD180million treatment Wyuna Water project currently handles 370Ml/day and can be further upgraded to 534Ml/day. 1999 Kyneton DBO 11. which is already operated by UW.6million contract is for an industrial water treatment facility in the state of Victoria.000 water A 125. Castlemaine (18Ml/day) and Kyneton (8Ml/day).400m per day wastewater treatment plant to serve the city.000. From 2011.000 people in the neighbouring towns of Beaufort. The 45L/day facility entered service in December 1999. Clunes and Forest Hill. 1999/03 Ballarat 25 year BOOT 105.000 water treatment This involves a holiday resort in Queensland with an off-season population of 44.000m /day.VEOLIA 2006 Queensland – II 3 10+5 year DBO 650. 2001 NSW 20 years DBO 11.7million per annum. The facility entered service in August 2002 and the recovered water is used for farm irrigation. 1998 Noosa 15 years DBO 60.000m /day which can be 3 expanded at a later date to 500. 287 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 . 2002 Castlemaine O&M 10. 2007 Sydney 23 years. The initial O&M phase will generate revenues of EUR210million.000 wastewater treatment A DBO contract with Victoria‘s Coliban Water Authority. The contract generates revenues of AUD2. Blackwood. DBO 500.000m /day desalination plant will supply residents of the Gold Coast and the South Eastern Region of Queensland.000 water supply UW is responsible for the O&M element of the contract originally awarded to Thames Water.FRANCE PART 3(i): COMPANY ANALYSIS: MAJOR PLAYERS . it is being connected with the South East Queensland Water Grid. Other contracts are operated through General Water Australia. BOO 500. upgradable to 314Ml/day) in December 1996. 2006 Ballarat 15 year BOOT 30. 1996 Sydney 25 years. upgradable to 210Ml/day) entered service in April 1997 and the Illawarra Plant (210Ml/day.000 wastewater A sewage treatment works for the townships of Gerringong and Gerroa. The EUR540million contract includes a three year construction phase completed in 2010 followed by a 20 year operating phase. The Woronora plant (160Ml/day. 120km south of Sydney.

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New Zealand 2000 Franklin O&M 61,000 water and wastewater

Franklin is 50km south east of Auckland. The project covers 13 WTWs (9,600m3 per day), five WWTWs (8,500m3 per day) and storage and distribution systems along with 12,800 water meter readings. 2002 Queenstown O&M 24,000 water & wastewater

This is UW‘s first contract on South Island and covers four WWTWs and seven WTWs. 1997 Papakura 30 year BOT 47,000 water & sewerage

Papakura is an urban district of Auckland. The AUD120million contract was awarded to UW in 1997 and it generates revenues of AUD6.3million per annum. 2002 Waitomo O&M 10,000 water & wastewater

Waitomo is in central west North Island. It covers four WTWs and two WWTWs. 2002 Ruapehu 10 year O&M 14,000 water & sewerage

In November 2002, UW started a 10 year O&M contract with the Ruapehu District Council, a rural region of approximately 14,000 residents located 320km south of Auckland. The contract covers rural water and wastewater treatment facilities, 117km of water pipes, 97km of wastewater pipes, 3,670 wastewater connections, 4,570 water connections and 38km of stormwater pipes. 2004 Thames-Coromandel 10 year O&M 25,000 water & sewerage

Thames-Coromandel District is in the North Island. It has a residential population of 25,000 rising to 150,000 during the summer. There are 14,650 water and 18,100 wastewater connections. 1995 Wellington 25 year DBO 188,000 sewerage

Two sewage treatment works have been constructed at a total cost of NZD149million (GBP50million), along with a sludge de-watering plant and a 1.8km long sea outfall at Moa Point. The construction phase ended in 1998, and. the facility is now in service, with a 21 year operating contract. United Water acquired Anglian Water International (NZ) in June 2004. Latin America Turnover for Proactiva Medio Ambiente was EUR443million in 2000, with net profits of EUR7.3million. Revenues have been impacted by currency weakness and fell to EUR145million in 2002. This has been further reduced to EUR34million in 2003 due to the non-renewal of a number of contracts, most notably for Puerto Rico. Revenues have recovered since, rising to EUR403million in 2009 with an EBITDA of EUR83million. Proactiva‘s 2010 revenues rose by 4.3% to EUR420million, with an EBITDA of EUR79million. Argentina Proactiva Medio Ambiente was awarded the Catamarca contract in April 2000 for water supply management for the departments (parts of the town) of Capital, Vallejo Viejo and Fray Mamerto Esquiú in the province of Catamarca, in the northwest part of the country. It was rescinded in 2006. Venezuela 1997 Monagas 30 year concession 552,000 water

Proactiva Medio Ambiente Venezuela gained the Hidrocapital concession for the water supply and sewerage for the north east sector of Caracas in July 2002. The service area has 650,000 inhabitants. Forecast revenue is USD2million pa.

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Colombia 3.1million people are served by Proactiva. 1998 Bogotá 20 year BOT 2,000,000 water

This is the contract for upgrading and expanding the TIBITOC water treatment works in consortium with 2 local partners, with Proactiva holding 33% of the equity. The contract involves USD78million in investment, USD55million having been spent to date. Total contract revenues will be USD300million. 3 The plant has a capacity 900,000m /day serving some 2million people. 1996 2000 Tunja Monteria 20 year concession 20 year concession 151,000 water & wastewater 329,000 water & wastewater

The Monteria concession was gained by Proactiva Medio Ambiente in December 1999 and will generate COP29billion in revenues, with COP10.5billion in investments over the contract life. It serves 329,000 with water and 124,000 with sewerage. The Tunja concession serves 151,000 with water and 148,000 with sewerage. Brazil 1998 Parana Strategic stake acquisition 8,100,000 water & sewerage

The operating consortium paid BRL249.8million (USD217million) for 40% of Sanepar, the water and sewerage company serving the state of Parana, with Proactiva holding a 35% stake in the consortium. Since 2003, VE‘s role in the concession has been eased. Ecuador 2001 Guayaquil 30 year concession 2,300,000 water & wastewater

International Water (Edison/Bechtel) sold its 90% holding in International Water Services (Guayaquil) Interagua C.Ltda (ECAPAG) to Proactiva in December 2008. Edison wrote down EUR12million on the sale. The principal targets in 2001 were to reduce non revenue water from 70% to 30% and to connect 300,000 people in informal settlements, especially in Isla Trinitaria, where by 2004 piped water was made available for a seventh of the cost of the water vendors. A cross subsidy rate scheme ensures that industrial clients subsidise in part the water that is used by residents. Access to water has increased from 1,260,000 in 2001 to 2,280,000 by 2010, with access to sewerage rising from 934,000 to 1,732,000 during this time, with a respective coverage of 93% and 70%. International Water Services (Guayaquil), contribution to Edison‘s profit and loss account EURmillion Revenues EBITDA Capital spending 2004 27 4 N/A 2005 31 8 N/A 2006 34 10 8 2007 29 7 13

During the first five years of the concession, Interagua invested USD50million in extending services to the city, connecting 40,000 new clients to the city‘s mains water and 20,000 to sewerage systems. Between 2006 and 2011, the company will invest USD250million in new infrastructure, with the aim of providing water services to 95% of the city‘s residents and sewerage for 90%. Mexico VE‘s Proactiva JV operates two contracts serving a total of 3.1million people. Since 1993, Caasa serves 506,000 people in the city and more than 300,000 in the surrounding areas; 885,000 with water and 875,000 with sewerage. 24 hour per day coverage rose from 40% in 1989 to 85% in 2007. The 30 year concession was granted in October 1993 and is 90% held by Proactiva. Sapsa (Mexico City) Caasa (Aguascalientes) 2.43million 885,000 Water management services (1993-2009) Water and waste water concession

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USA US Filter‘s (USF) involvement in public-private partnerships (PPPs) goes back to the first partnership for water services in the USA awarded in 1972. The management contract for Burlingame‘s (CA) wastewater treatment facilities remains in USF‘s hands. The Bethlehem Steel contract signed in 1950 was the first industrial outsourcing contract in the USA. Upon the purchase of US Filter by Veolia Environnement in 1999, US Filter and the former Professional Services Group of Aqua Alliance were merged to create North America‘s largest water and wastewater outsourcing company, in 2003 serving 14million people in 650 communities and thousands of companies across all industrial and commercial markets through 91 water and 185 wastewater treatment plants. According to Public Works Financing, US Filter has been the North American market leader in PPPs in recent years. Following the sale of the non-core activities, US Filter Operating Services has been renamed Veolia Water North America (VWNA). The 2002 Indianapolis contract covering 800,000 people was terminated in 2011 and sold by the city to Citizen‘s Energy Group with VW getting a USD 29million contract termination fee. 2010 Buffalo 10 year management Water

Serving the community in NY State, the contract is worth EUR38million. 2010 Fulton Country 5 year management Wastewater

Serving the community in Georgia, the contract is worth EUR38million. 2009 Mapleton 15 year O&M Water

The contract will generate revenues of USD29million. 2008 Oklahoma 4 year O&M Water

This is an extension of a contract that has been sunning since 1985 and the latest phase will generate total revenues of EUR29million. 2010 New London 17 year O&M 50,000, water & wastewater

New London is in Connecticut. The contract will manage the sewerage services for 14,000 customers and water services for 6,000 customers with total revenues of EUR37million. The original 2008 contract was due for renewal in 2017, but a new contract worth EUR53million was awarded in 2010. 2007 Milwaukee 10 year O&M 1,000,000 wastewater

Awarded in December 2007, the EUR272million contract covers the management of the regional liquid waste management network of Milwaukee, Wisconsin and management of the production of Milorganite, fertiliser granules produced by the drying of residual mud from the waste water purification plant. 2007 Tampa Bay 16 year DBO Water treatment
3

A USD158million contract to expand the regional water treatment plant in Florida from 272,500m per 3 day to 454,200m per day, which will enter service in 2010. VE will operate the facility for 13 years from then. 2006 NY State 7 year DBO
3

Wastewater treatment

A USD 45million contract for the 1.5million gal/day (7,000m /day) facility serving Rockland County. 2005 Gresham, Oregon 7 year O&M 106,000 wastewater treatment

The contract is worth USD21million and involves handling 20million gal/day of effluent. 2004 Richmond, CA 18 year O&M Wastewater treatment

The contract is worth EUR50million.
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2004

Virgin Islands
3

20 year BOT

75,000 wastewater treatment

Two 18,000m /day wastewater treatment facilities are to be constructed at St. Croix and St Thomas. Both facilities were expected to enter service at the end of 2006, generating revenues of USD126million throughout their contracts. There is also a five year renewal option. Canada Veolia Water Canada (VW Canada) is a subsidiary of VWNA. Its activities draw from the USF operations and, since 1976, VW Canada has gained 22 municipal O&M contracts. With the exception of Moncton (New Brunswick) all identified contracts are in Ontario. 2006 Brockton Five years, O&M 10,000 water & wastewater

The contract announced in July 2006 involves the management of three water treatment plants with a capacity of 2.29mg/day and one wastewater treatment plant with a capacity of 1.98 mg/day. Revenues will be USD0.47million pa. 1997 Haldimand/Norfolk O&M 200,000 wastewater

The original contract in 1997 was for both counties. In 2004, separate contracts were drawn up for each county. The Norfolk contract covers three WWTWs with a capacity of 24mg/day and the Haldimand contract is for four WWTWs with a capacity of 16mg/day. 1999 Toronto 15 years, DBO 1,000,000 wastewater biosolids

The contract covers the biosolids dryer and pelletiser facility serving the city‘s 216mg/day Ashbridges Bay WWTW. 1998 Moncton 20 years, DBFO 100,000 water

This was the first major PPP contract gained in Canada. It was agreed in April 1998 and covers a 3 94,635m /day (25mg/day) water treatment facility. The CAD85million contract will save the city some CAD12million on anticipated capital costs. Six other contracts have been identified: Location Bayfield Georgian Downs Goderich Huron-Kinloss Port Stanley Varna Date N/A 2001 2000 2003 1997 2001 Population 2,000 1,000 15,000 N/A 2,500 500 Service Water Wastewater Water & wastewater Water Wastewater Water

VE in industrial outsourcing 21% of VE‘s water turnover in 2000 was with industrial clients, which rose to 33% by 2006. VE‘s industrial outsourcing contracts have a typical duration of between 3 and 10 years, although an increasing number of contracts now run for 15 or 20 years. Overall multiservice revenues were EUR400million in 2003, rising to EUR440million in 2006, with EUR370million in large industrial client contracts gained that year. During 2003-04, Veolia Environnement signed several multiservice contracts (water, waste and energy) with industrial customers for cumulative revenues of around EUR1.25billion. VE‘s multiservice customers include Arcelor, Aventis, BP, Novartis, PSA, Renault, Solvay and Total. Veolia‘s 15 year contract with Renault was expanded in 2006 to include a five year management contract covering all service facilities in the Paris region with the aim of cutting expenditure by 20% during this period. The Novartis contract was renewed for 7 years in December 2007 and will generate EUR980million in revenues.

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Industrial outsourcing in the Americas In the US, USF enjoyed a 53% market share for identified industrial water and wastewater outsourcing services in 2002, according to Public Works Financing. Major recent developments include a 20 year, USD66million contract with Alon, USA, to manage the water, wastewater, sludge and groundwater facilities at its Big Spring refinery in Texas and the acquisition of MCS Technologies LLC, a leader in the refinery waste separation and treatment services market, based in Corpus Christi, Texas. The 15 year IPSCO Steel contract was gained in 1999 while the USD100million Sunoco contract was gained in 1998. Contracts gained in 2000 include Westlake (15 year, USD75million), Conoco (USD30million), GM (USD30million) and BP (USD1.3million). In 2001, VE gained a EUR300million 15 year industrial services contract for Usinor‘s Vega do Sul facility in Brazil. The 10 year effluent management contract for Millennium Chemicals, signed in 2001, is worth EUR165million. In 2003, USF gained contracts with the Dupont and Kerr-McGee chemical and energy groups for terms of between 15 and 20 years with an aggregate estimated total revenue of more than USD100million. Industrial outsourcing in Europe Veolia Water Industrial Outsourcing provides water and wastewater management services to industrial customers in the UK and Ireland. Contracts include a 10 year contract with Shell to supply all of their 3 chemical and oil refineries on site with up to 3,500m /day of softened water on a DBO basis, and a 10 year O&M contract with Mettis Aerospace (the aerospace component manufacturer) regarding its effluent treatment plant as well as to supply its manufacturing operations with recycled process water. During 2002, a EUR27million 15 year contract with Arcelor Packaging and a EUR11million 12 year contract with Smurfit Cellulose du Pin were gained in France, both for effluent treatment. In October 2001 VE acquired Depurazioni Industriali (DI) from Italy‘s Montedison. DI specialises in the treatment of industrial waste water, and generated EUR8million in revenues in 2001. The company owns three plants where it treats effluent from three industrial sites operated by Montedison‘s Cereol and Novaol under 20 year management contracts, along with effluents from third parties. VE also reached a partnership agreement with the Montedison group for a three year exclusive right between Veolia Water and the four companies (Cereol, Cerestar, Provimi and Beghin Say) resulting from the 2001 Eridania Beghin Say contract, covering the outsourcing of water management at over 50 industrial sites throughout Europe. VE believes that the industrial water outsourcing service market in Italy is worth EUR300million. In the Czech Republic, a EUR20million 10 year contract with Spolchemi involving the design, construction and operation of an effluent treatment plant was signed in 2001. In 2002, a EUR5million, 10 year water and wastewater services contract was signed with Cutisin‘s Jilemnica, a subsidiary. In September 2003, Veolia Water gained an industrial services contract with Synthesia, a member of the Unipetrol Group covering the operation of Synthesia‘s wastewater treatment facility. The 200,000 PE plant also treats wastewater from the city of Pardubice (population of 100,000 in eastern Bohemia), where the company is located. The 10 year contract will generate revenues of EUR90million. Other contracts in the Czech Republic include: Glaverbel Czech (producer of flat glass-process water supply); Termo Decin (operation of water management facilities); Cutisin (producer of food packagingwastewater and process and drinking water); ICN Czech Republic (pharmaceutical-operation of an industrial and municipal WWTP complex); Eastman Sokolov (producer of commodity productswastewater and drinking water); Keramika Horni Briza (ceramic tiles-wastewater treatment plant); Intersnack (Ceske Budejovice); Airport Line; Hennlich (Usti nad Labem); Marius Pedersen (Plzen); Rudolf Jelinek (Zlin) and Setuza (Olomouc). Veolia Water signed a contract in Hungary with Hajdú-Bét, a major poultry slaughterhouse located in Debrecen, in the east of the country. The 3 year contract covers the operation of a wastewater pretreatment plant and will generate revenues of EUR1million. Other contracts gained in 2003 included Johnson Matthey (United Kingdom) MD Papier GmbH & Co. (Germany), and Grande Paroisse S.A. (France, a subsidiary of the Atofina Group). Total revenues for these contracts will be EUR57million. A EUR78million 10 year contract signed with Corus Packaging Plus in Trostre (Wales, UK) in 2004 concentrates on effluent treatment services.

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Outsourcing in Asia & Oceania Australia In September 2008 Veolia Water and AquaNet Sydney Pty Ltd (part of the Jemena Ltd group) signed a contract with the Sydney Water Corporation for the first private scheme provide recycled water to industrial users in New South Wales. This will ease demand on Rosehill and Camellia‘s drinking water supplies, in western Sydney by providing 4.3billion litres pa of water for major industrial customers, with a future capacity for a further 3billion litres of water per year if needed. The BOOT contract will generate revenues of EUR122million over 20 years with a EUR30million 20,000m³ per day water recycling facility being developed in 2009. A EUR43million contract was signed in 2006 for taking over water treatment at the Bayswater Power Plant run by Macquarie Generation and serving Sydney and New South Wales. The project includes two years of design and construction works and 5 years of O&M. Malaysia In September 2002, VE signed a contract with Petronas for outsourcing services in water treatment and supply at the Kertih petrochemical complex in Malaysia. The 20 year contract does not involve any investment on the part of Veolia Water. The company will operate a potable water production 3 plant with a capacity of 250,000m /day and a distribution network serving customers such as BP Chemicals, Mitsui and Union Carbide, which work with Petronas in the petrochemical complex. The contract will generate revenues of EUR200million over its lifetime. Singapore VE signed a six year contract worth EUR53million for the construction and operation with Showa Denko, a subsidiary of the Japanese group Showa, for an ultra pure industrial water treatment unit in 2006. Korea The USD1billion Hyundai Petrochemical‘s Daesan contract (January 2000) runs for 20 years. The Hynix Semiconductors Corporation 12 year EUR900million contract for Hyundai of Korea is the largest industrial water outsourcing contract in the world to date. The contract calls for four ultra-pure water plants and two WWTWs. VE is acquiring the company‘s water and wastewater facilities for EUR196million and will generate EUR830million in revenues over the next 12 years. It was extended to 17 years in 2006 and in 2008, a new treatment plant entered service. A contract was gained in 2004 with the Kumho group for the maintenance and operation of water and wastewater facilities at Kumho Rubber Ulsan, and Kumho Petrochemical and Kumho Polychem (15 years, O&M) at the Yeosu National Industrial Complex. In 2008, VE gained a EUR180million 15 year contract to construct and operate a water treatment plant serving Dongbu Steel in Asan Bay. Thailand Global Utilities Services Co. Ltd (Thailand) is a JV between Veolia S.Napa (49%), Industrial Estate Authority of Thailand (49%), and the IEAT Provident Fund (2%). GUSCO currently has 8 industrial water management contracts in Thailand, including Sony, Egco, GM and Ford, with a THB900million (USD21.2million) turnover or USD2.65million pa per contract. In May 2007, a 15 year DBO contract was signed with PTTPE, worth EUR75million for the construction and operation of a water treatment plant. China In January 2006, a 25 year industrial wastewater management contract was agreed with Sinopec at Beijing Yansan PetroChemical‘s Yanshan facility, 50km south west of Beijing. The EUR249million 3/ contract involves running four wastewater treatment plants with a total capacity of 129,000m day 3 including the recovery of 40,000m /day of process water.

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PART 3(i): COMPANY ANALYSIS: MAJOR PLAYERS - VEOLIA

Two water contracts were gained in 2007; Tianjin Soda (construction and operation, 27 years, worth EUR492million) and Qingdao Soda (operation of a water demineralisation facility for 25 years, generating EUR33million). Multiservice contracts VE has 15 multi service contracts, which in 2008 generated revenues of EUR480million and have a combined backlog of EUR3.3billion. A EUR60million 10 year contract was gained in March 2004 by VE‘s Globalis GmbH for environmental services at Visteon‘s German site in Duren. This was the first multi service contract awarded in Germany. In April 2005, PSA Peugeot Citroën outsourced the environmental management activities of its new factory in Trnava, Slovakia to VE. The eight year contract will generate revenues of EUR60million. Three major contracts were gained in 2008, all of which involved water and wastewater services. Artenius (Sines, Portugal) includes for water supply and effluent treatment (15 years, EUR730million), General Motors (Luton, UK) includes water supply (5 years, EUR17million) and Diageo (Elgin and Cameron Bridge, UK) includes effluent management (15 years, EUR210million). Contact Details Name: Veolia Environment SA Address: 42 Avenue de Friedland, 75008 Paris, France Tel: +33 1 71 71 10 00 Fax: +33 1 71 71 11 79 Web: www.veoliaenvironnement.com www.veoliawater.com www.generale-des-eaux.com Henri Proglio (Chairman) Antoine Frerot (CEO) Pierre-Francois Riolacci (CFO) Jean-Michel Herrewyn (CEO, Veolia Water) Paul-Louis Girardot (Director, Generale des Eaux)

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GERMANY

PART 3(i): COMPANY ANALYSIS: MAJOR PLAYERS – RWE AG

GERMANY RWE AG RWE is the largest of the German multi-utilities. In the late 1980s, the company began to develop RWE Umwelt AG into one of Europe‘s largest waste management companies. In the mid 1990s, the company set up RWE Aqua as a subsidiary of Umwelt, to exploit the opening up of the water and wastewater markets in Germany and in central and Eastern Europe. RWE – Water acquisitions 2000-03 Company Thames Water plc, UK ESSBIO, Chile E‘town Corporation Inc., USA ANSM, Chile ESSEL, Chile Ondagua & Pridesa, Spain China Water Company, China RWW, Germany RWW, Germany American Water Inc., USA [1] Six months to 31-10-2001 RWE sought to become the third largest European water company by 2005 and achieved this by 2000 through its agreed bid for Thames Water. As a result of the September 2001 bid for American Water Works, RWE is now the third largest water utility company globally and the market leader in Germany, the UK and the USA. In 2005, RWE completed the divestment of RWE Umwelt and decided to sell its activities outside Germany and Central & Eastern Europe. A move away from water… In 2004, RWE decided to concentrate on its European and American activities and is considering the fate of its other contracts on the basis of a ―managed exit from all non-core markets‖. After a series of differing announcements on its Chilean and Spanish operations during 2005, the company formally announced in 2005 that it would divest its Thames Water and American Water Works holdings, along with its water activities outside continental Europe. In December 2006, Thames Water was sold to Kemble Water, a special purpose vehicle organised by the Macquarie European Infrastructure Fund for GBP4.8billion plus GBP3.2billion in assumed debt. The total value of the divestment of EUR11.9billion resulted in a book gain of EUR0.7billion for RWE. AWW was sold off in November 2009 after three placings following its April 2008 IPO. …save for a safe European home For the time being, RWE is retaining BWB and its other German activities, along with those directly held by the company in Central & Eastern Europe. This covers approximately 15million people, often within multi-utility contracts. Divestment programme: Pridessa/Ondagua Thai Tap Water Ajman Berlinwasser International China Water Company United Water ESSAM/ESSBIO/ESSEL Spain Thailand UAE Global China Australia Chile Sold to Acciona (EUR150million) Sold to CH Karnchang, its JV partner Sold to Veolia Sold to Marubeni, but bid was rescinded in 2006 48% stake sold to Biwater in 2007 47.5% stake sold to Veolia, its JV partner Sold to Southern Cross (USD300million) Year 2000 2000 2000 2001 2002 2002 2002 2002 2002 2003 Revenues EURmillion 2,247.00 46.00 190.00 22.00 20.00 148.00 [1] 9.70 97.00 97.00 1,700.00 Stake (%) 100.00 51.00 100.00 N/A 25.50 75.00 48.80 14.30 to 74.90 74.90 to 79.80 100.00 Equity value EURmillion 7,100.00 340.00 670.00 N/A 150.00 95.00 N/A 194.00 N/A 4,500.00

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PART 3(i): COMPANY ANALYSIS: MAJOR PLAYERS – RWE AG

Thames Water American Water Works

England USA

Sold to Macquarie in 2006 IPO, May 2008, stake sale completed in 2009

RWE AG, profit and loss account Y/E 30/06 (EURmillion) Turnover Pre-tax profit Net profit Earnings/share (EUR) 2006 42,554 3,537 3,847 6.84 2007 42,507 5,246 2,667 4.74 2008 48,950 4,866 2,558 4.75 2009 47,741 5,598 3,571 6.70 2010 53,320 4,978 3,308 6.20

In 2007, all water activities were classified as discontinued operations. No separate information is provided about RWE‘s water activities. In 2011, RWE stated that it served 15million people in Continental Europe. RWE, breakdown of populations served Country Germany Hungary Croatia Poland Azerbaijan Mauritius Namibia China Total - home markets Total – international Grand total Germany RWE Aqua is responsible for the water business of RWE in Germany, Hungary and Poland and the international activities managed by Berlinwasser. In 2000, it was split from RWE Umwelt and merged with Thames Water, then in 2003 it was merged with the rest of RWE Energy. RWE Aqua gained the Budapest water concession in 1997 and acquired 22.5% of Berlin Water in 1999. Budapest was held jointly with Suez and the latter jointly with VE. RWE Aqua had a total turnover of EUR808million in 2000 due to the Berlin Water acquisition. Stakes held by RWE Aqua account for 13.2million people in ten German states. Berlin and Essen and has stakes in the following entities: Hastrabau (Langenhagen), SEG (Schwerte), Ruhrwasser (Essen), WVN (Essen), MKW (Frankfurt), WRH (Ludwigschafen), Envia Aqua (Chemnitz) and W&A Holzland (Hermsdorf), DAR (Aachen, Trier, Weisbaden, Mannheim and Berlin) and ARGE (KRW (Neuweid), KAWAG (Ludiwigsburg) and LEW (Augsburg). RWE Aqua acquired the majority stake in RWW (Rheinisch-Westfälische Wasserwerks-gesellschaft GmbH) in Mülheim an der Ruhr in April 2002. RWE was one of the founding members of RWW in 1912 with a 14.3% stake, which was increased to 74.9% in 2002. It was agreed with the municipal shareholders to keep the current water tariff stable until 2005. RWW has responsibility within RWE Aqua for North Rhine Westfalia, Rhineland Palatinate, Belgium, the Netherlands and Luxembourg. In September 2002 RWE Aqua acquired an additional 4.8% in RWW. RWW serves 1million people and had a turnover of EUR77million in 2001. The stakes cost a combined EUR233million. Water 11,500,000 1,500,000 0 135,000 50,000 0 0 0 11,500,000 1,685,000 13,185,000 Sewerage 6,200,000 50,000 750,000 135,000 0 200,000 80,000 2,300,000 6,200,000 3,315,000 9,515,000 Total 13,200,000 1,550,000 750,000 135,000 50,000 200,000 80,000 2,300,000 13,200,000 5,065,000 18,265,000

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is formed by RWE Aqua (48. Sewage treatment coverage will be extended from 30% to 100%.123 19 5 1. 297 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 . Poland 2002 Gornicza 25 year concession 135. see EVN.9%) acquired 49.193 136 193 233 N/A N/A 2009 1.5%. Berliner Wasserbetriebe Y/E 31/12 (EURmillion) Domestic revenues International revenues Services revenues Total turnover Net profit 3 Water sales in Germany (million m ) 3 Sewage treated in Germany (m m ) 3 Water sales .5%). construction and operation of the wastewater treatment plant (1million PE) and the administration facilities. operating nine water treatment works and six sewage treatment works. In addition water is provided to 70.o.000.139 150 200 241 87 415 2008 1.1% and RWE 49. with the majority 50. Berlinwasser Holding AG was formed and BWB was vested into this company. after the partial privatisation of BWB. construction of the main collecting pipeline (9.000 in Brandenburg via 10 water and 24 wastewater contracts with a total of 113 local authorities.172 19 5 1. The project scope includes design.9% of BWB for EUR1.8km) and coverage of main drainage canal (5.183 7 6 1.234 85 197 227 N/A N/A 2006 1.BWI (million m ) 3 Sewage treated .000 water & sewerage BWB serves 3.197 158 N/A N/A N/A N/A BWB dates back to 1856. The consortium (VE 50.GERMANY PART 3(i): COMPANY ANALYSIS: MAJOR PLAYERS – RWE AG International contracts directly held by RWE Croatia 2000 Zagreb 26 year BOT 750.5km).o (ZOV). involving EUR270million in capital spending. including 45 years with its services being divided by the Berlin Wall.000 water & sewerage RWE acquired a 34% stake in PwiK.1% stake being held by the City of Berlin. Zagrebacke otpadne vode d.147 89 202 231 N/A N/A 2007 1. The sale by VE and RWE of 80% of Berlinwasser International to Marubeni in 2005 was rescinded in 2006 and in 2007 BWB decided to continue developing these activities.BWI (m m ) 2005 N/A N/A N/A 1. 1999 Berlin 30 year concession 4.69billion. The concession company.000 people and wastewater treatment to 535. In 1999.4million people in Berlin. The contract runs for 25 years.000 sewage treatment This is the largest sewage treatment concession award in central and Eastern Europe to date. The partnership between RWE Aqua and the city of Dabrowa Gornicza is the first project for RWE Aqua in Central & Eastern Europe and at the time also only the third privatisation project in the Polish water market. Austria) and the City of Zagreb (3%). WTE Wassertechnik GmbH (48. BWB gained its first contracts in 1997-98 and currently has nine projects in five countries with a total order backlog worth EUR495million in 2003.117 17 5 1. Construction began in July 2002 and was completed between 2004 (mechanical treatment) and 2006 (biological treatment). the municipal supplier for Dabrowa Gornicza in Silesia. Berlinwasser International Berlinwasser International AG (BWI) was set up by Berlinwasser in 1994 and therefore predates the concession award to RWE and Veolia in 1999.

Manages the concession agreement with the city of Hodmézövásarhely. The JV will address potential projects in the MENA region. a joint venture between BWI (40%) and Metito (60%) of the UAE was signed in 2008.500.753..000m per day facility was built by the municipality between 1998 and 2002 and BWI took over its operation in December 2004. 1997 Hodmézövásarhely 25 year concession 50. built at a cost of EUR30million and handles a third of the city‘s sewage. China Activities in China were grouped into Berlinwasser China Holdings in 2008. Nanchang QingShanHu Project Co.900. to the majority shareholder.000 sewerage The management company formed by VE (35%). BWI invested EUR13. 2003 Nanchang 3 20 year BOT 1. with the number of customer connections rising from 137.6million in 2007.7million from BWI.000m /day in 2000 to 280.000 water distribution Suez and RWE Aqua control all the shares of the management company and 25% of the equity of the asset management company.000 sewerage The 330. Ltd. 298 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 .9million in the project out of a total of EUR30million and the contract generated a net profit of EUR1. Metito Berlinwasser Ltd aims to manage capital spending of USD1billion between 2009 and 2012. Ltd in a CNY491million contract. The management company formed by Suez (51%) and RWE Aqua (49%) took a 25% stake in Fövarosi Vizmuvek for USD82million. Ltd. Ltd. 1997 Budapest 25 year O&M 1.1% stake in Fövarosi Csatornásási Müvek Rt. BWI (35%) and EBRD (30%) took a 25.2million.000 sewerage The WangXiaoYing 310.. In 2003. RWE holds 13% of the asset company.200. Secondary treatment capacity has increased from 3 3 220. China for USD11. RWE subsequently transferred its shareholding into BWI. EUR34.000m³ per day has been upgraded to comply with the UWWTD.500 staff.000m per day facility entered service in October 2004. BWI and VE now have a 50% holding each in Fövarosi Csatornásási Müvek Rt.813 to 162. is 80% held by BWI and 20% by Third Construction & Engineering Co.000 water BWI is responsible for the management of the city‘s water services and owns 75% of the operating contract. Hefei Wang Xiao Ying Sewage Treatment Co. rising to 75% by 2005.2million in the project and the contract generated a net profit of EUR1..000 sewerage Zsigmondy Bela Rt. BWI‘s 35% stake in Waterworks Xian South Co. FV has a USD80million turnover and employs 1. Hungary 1997 Budapest 25 year concession 1. Budapest‘s wastewater company. The total investment was EUR76million. The well network was rehabilitated in 2001 prior to the contract‘s commencement. 2004 Hefei 3 23 year TOT 1.6million in 2007. A wastewater treatment plant with a capacity of 30.GERMANY PART 3(i): COMPANY ANALYSIS: MAJOR PLAYERS – RWE AG In the Middle East. BWI invested EUR7. The 1997 20 year BOT for waterworks serving Xian was sold in 2003 after legislatory change prevented the fixed rate of returns in contracts run by international companies. the water enterprise of Xian. 57% of tariffs were collected.100. Water provision improved from 2 hours per day to 15 hours per day by 2003.000m /day in 2004 (76% being used). is 80% held by BWI and 20% by East China Engineering Science & Technology Co. Azerbaijan 2002 Imishli 10 year O&M 50. Ltd.

which have a capacity of 10.000 sewerage 3 The contract is 100% held by BWI and covers the management of a 70. Jürgen Großmann (President and CEO) Dr.000 people in 2006. Lezhe and Saranda.rwe. BWI is working with the locally based Onsiong Bros & Co on the project. In addition.000m per day wastewater facility. The project is supported by EUR22million in funding from the World Bank and was implemented by a JV between BWI (60%) and Aquamundo (40%).000 to 650.000 water & wastewater BWI gained a five year EUR4million contract to take over management of water supply and wastewater disposal in the Albanian towns of Durres.com www. Fier.5% shareholding in the Elsaban concession. Germany Tel: +49 201 12 00 Web: www. Mauritius 2008 St Martin 7 year O&M 200. Rolf Pohlig (CFO) 299 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 .de www.GERMANY PART 3(i): COMPANY ANALYSIS: MAJOR PLAYERS – RWE AG Namibia 2002 Windhoek 20 year O&M 80. BWI sold its 97.000m³ per day. The turnover of Wingoc is approximately EUR2million pa.000m of water per day.berlinwasser. Contact Details Name: RWE AG Address: Opernplatz 1. The contract was concluded in September 2008. Average water supply across the towns rose from four to nine hours a day and the number supplied rose from 450.000 sewerage The contract (34% BWI. serving 80.000. 34% Veolia & 33% VA Tech) covers a water reclamation facility at the city‘s 3 sewage treatment plant and provides 21.berlinwasser.000. Albania 2003-08 Four Albanian towns 5 year O&M 450. BWI had a five year O&M contract for the city of Swakopmund‘s sewage treatment works. a third of the domestic water supplies for the city of 250. D-45128 Essen.com Dr.

ACEA is now the leading water and wastewater company in Italy. the utility which merged with AMGA in 2006.2% market share).726.69 2007 447 272 476 2. In total.4 0. with the growth mainly taking place outside Rome.77 2008 455 312 494 3.000 10.5million in 2009 and EUR11.25 2010 418 347 3.8 293.000 0 400. the municipality serving electricity and water services to the city of Rome.3 206.000 13.000 800. they expect to serve 8.542.5 147.3 0.000 8. By 2013. International water activities had an EBITDA of EUR10.750.43 The 2010-12 business plan anticipates capital spending of EUR579million in the water activities with the aim of expanding its population served in Italy from 8.4 164. started water provision services as AGEA in 1937 and was renamed ACEA in 1945.7million 3 3 (15.9 128.home markets Total – international Grand total Italy Through a series of contract gains for ATOs. with water delivered rising from 767million m in 2008 to 832million m by 2010.976. 8.3million (14.ITALY PART 3(i): COMPANY ANALYSIS: MAJOR PLAYERS .750.3 317. profit and loss account Y/E 31/12 (EURmillion) 3 Rome-Water billed (million m ) 3 Other ATOs-Water billed (million m ) 3 Wastewater billed (million m ) Turnover Water EBITDA Operating profit Net profit Earnings/share (EUR) 2006 442 226 485 2. ACEA – people served Country Italy Peru Honduras Columbia Total . was partially floated in February 1999.000 800.000 8.5 -0.000 300 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 .87 2009 418 331 527 2. merger talks began between ACEA and Iride.2million people in Latin America in 2010.3 0. The company seeks to grow its water EBITDA by 45% to EUR372million by 2013.000 9. 8.599.000 0 9.000 3. According to ACEA they served 8.700.187.144. A further share sale by the municipality may be considered.2million in 2010. The company believes that it provides the best quality drinking water in Italy at one of the lowest prices for a major city in Europe.0 258. ACEA.000 3. ATO2 (Perugia) and ATO3 (Rieti).1 385.000 17.ACEA ITALY ACEA (AZIENDA COMNUALE ENERGIA e AMBIENTE SPA) Azienda Comunale Energia e Ambiente (ACEA).150.2 -52. The company was founded in 1909 for electricity distribution.663.000 2. ACEA is Italy‘s largest water and electricity utility.3million people there.542. In August 2007.000 2.000 Total 9.000 8.750.3million people in Tuscany.000 increase on the 2008 coverage.0 0.000 400.542million people are currently served through seven ATOs. Water 8. representing a 630. ACEA is seeking to merge the Florence. Pisa and SienaGrosseto ATOs into a single entity serving 3. 51% of the equity is held by the municipality of Rome.700.726.750. but these have not made significant subsequent progress.583.0 186. Current year targets for building upon ACEA‘s presence in western Italy are ATO1 (Lucca).9% by Suez Environnement and the rest by a variety of private and institutional investors.7 296.951.226.226.9 212.000 Sewerage 9.3 249.7 185.7 290. committing EUR636million in investments in these activities in 2011-13.7% market share) to 8.

3million people via the ATO process and to gain some 17% of the Italian water and sewerage market (9. Tivoli. Sant‘Oreste.48 5. which services Pomezia.ITALY PART 3(i): COMPANY ANALYSIS: MAJOR PLAYERS .82 2010 427.62 50. Trevignano Romano and Santa Marinella.000 379. Segni. Nazzano and Castelnuovo di Porto. Services in the municipalities of Fiano Romano.700.000 460. Marcellina.000 763. 2009 ATO ATO 1 ATO 5 ATO 6 ATO 2 ATO 3 ATO 3 ATO 1 Company name Acea ATO2 Acea ATO5 Acquedotto del Fiora Acque Publiacqua Gori Acqua Umbra Acque Stake 96% 94% 85% 45% 85% 96% 40% City Lazio-Centrale Frostione Siena-Grosetto Pisa Firenze Sarnese Vesuviano Umbria People served 3. Genazzano and Rocca di Cave from March 2007. The corporate business plan is based on gaining additional ATOs in western Italy and becoming the dominant regional player. the Simbrivio Consortium. was taken over. Mentana. where drinking water services are managed by another operator.000 Communes 112 86 56 57 49 76 38 In the medium term. Pisoniano. Rocca Santo Stefano. Vicovaro.56 50.12 5.66 64.56 6. Artena. Water services in the municipalities of Poli. Jenne.02 43. Lanuvio. Castel Gandolfo.000 1.02 40. Subiaco.98 46.2million with sewerage services. Cervara di Roma. Guidonia-Montecelio. a system that supplies water on a wholesale basis to 45 municipalities and 2 consortia. This currently stands at 3. 2004: The municipalities of Castel Madama. Expansion has been achieved through taking on services for neighbouring municipalities: 2003: Starting with the municipalities of Rome.29 22.000 480. a 30 year concession between ACEA (96%) and 111 councils (4%) in the ATO2 Lazio region that started in January 2003 and a series of additional contracts.14 42. Tolfa.CALT.ACEA ACEA: ATO activities in Italy. Consortium) Gavignano.260. along with a wholesale water system from a consortium set up by the former Southern Italy Development Fund and previously managed by Lazio Regional Authority. Colonna and San Cesareo and the system serving the municipalities of Bellegra.RE. San Gregorio da Sassola. Gorga.500. Grottaferrata. ACEA aims to gain contracts for a further 1. Fonte Nuova. 31/12 (EURmillion) ACEA ATO 2 Publiacqua Gori Acque ACEA ATO5 Umbra Acque Nuove Acqua Gesesa Others Rome In 1999. Zagarolo.8million people were served with water services and 2.000 1.30 1. Ciciliano. Pomezia (provisional management of sewerage and water treatment services). Allumiere. 2006: Doganella Consortium‘s aqueduct system serving the municipalities of Palestrina.8million people. Ardea and Lanuvio.52 63. Montelanico and Albano Laziale. excluding 3 3 CREA/Sigesa) by 2012.37million people through ACEA ATO 2. Arcinazzo Romano (excluding the CO. Waste water and sewerage services in the municipalities of Capranica Prenestina and Olevano Romano. San Vito Romano. 2.39 4. with total water delivered rising from 655million m in 2006 to 979million m in 2012. Nemi (drinking water services only). Vejano. 2005: The municipalities of Casape.13 23. Ciampino and Fiumicino. Monterotondo.04 5. Affile. Saracinesco. Sacrofano. Roiate. 2009 409. Castel San Pietro Romano and Gallicano. Carpineto Romano.83 301 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 . Lariano. Sambuci.

ACEA 2007: Rocca di Cave. The 20 year concession will generate EUR1. Subsequent ATO awards 2003 Frosinone ATO privatisation 480. Other municipal contracts gained were for San Polo dei Cavalieri. or 3. following on the acquisition of the Co. Publiacqua had a turnover of EUR104million in 2002 and net profits of EUR8million. Filacciano. Morlupo. with the municipalities paying the remaining EUR90million.000 customers). In conjunction with the privatisation. a rationalisation of these concessions is planned. 2009: The Acquedotto del Peschiera Consortium was signed up with agreements from six of the municipalities (Torrita Tiberina. ACEA plans to acquire the concessions for the municipalities of Formello.000 people (188. having already held their wastewater contracts) and Torrita Tiberina. accounting for 95% of the addressable population. To date. the Acquedotto del Peschiera Consortium and the municipalities of Valmontone and Vallepietra in 2008. Consortium. Poli and Genazzano (water. Trevi nel Lazio (sewerage and water treatment alone) and Sant‘Angelo Romano. 2002 Pisa ATO privatisation 763.000 water & wastewater A 40% equity stake in the Acquedotto de Fiora was acquired by the ACEA led consortium for EUR19. Tuscany‘s ATO-5 Toscana CostaLivorno. Riano. The concession entered into service in October 2003 and covers 86 municipalities. Marino.000 water & wastewater In April 2002. Water coverage is 97% and sewerage coverage is 57%. the holder of the 20 year concession to operate water and wastewater services for 50 communes in Tuscany‘s ATO-3 Medio Valdarno.7million out of the 3.000 water & wastewater The ACEA led consortium has acquired 40% of Publiacqua SpA.260. serving 57 communes. EUR300million of Publiacqua‘s revenues were securitised in order to pay for the capital increase and to retire mature debt. 2003 Florence ATO privatisation 1. ACEA is currently in talks to acquire 40% of ASA SpA. The consortium is contributing EUR60million towards the EUR150million capital increase. with a concession life of 25 years. EUR361. ASA provides water to 359. 2008: A water and wastewater contract for Cerveteri became operational in February 2008. These did not progress during the year.ITALY PART 3(i): COMPANY ANALYSIS: MAJOR PLAYERS . AI is Tuscany‘s ATO-2 Basso Valdarno.000 water & wastewater A 45% stake in Acque SpA (AI) was acquired for EUR19. Nazzano.000 in the Livorno municipality. 2003 Siena/Grosetto ATO privatisation 379. ATO-6 Ombrone covers 56 communes and required some EUR433million in capital spending. a consortium led by ACEA gained a 30 year concession for the Frosinone ATO 5. Fiano Romano and San‘Oreste) with two further municipalities (Cibvitella san Paulo and Capena) pending. Pugilo and Alti-piani di Arcinazzo. Trevi nel Lazio.Ec.R. Oriolo Romano and Ponzano Romano (water and wastewater). Three ATOs were gained in Tuscany by a consortium led by ACEA and also featuring Ondeo.2million. with CREA being one of the secondary investors. ACEA holds 65% of the consortium. 302 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 .5million will need to be invested during the concession‘s life. 82 municipalities have opted for ACEA‘s services in the region. 2010: No acquisitions noted. Ponzano Romano.7million people. Integrated water services for Foemello were also signed up. The concession covers 460.2billion in revenues.Alt. With ACEA and Ondeo controlling services for 2.5million people living in Tuscany.3million. ACEA has noted that the pace of acquisitions has slowed since 2007. During 2009.

which had revenues of EUR2. In July 2005.200. and a net income of EUR3million. with ACEA holding 31% of the consortium‘s equity. It will run for a minimum of 4 years and has been renewed. ACEA‘s international activities had revenues of EUR15. Crea supplies water to 13 regions. Water coverage rose from 84% to 93% between 1999 and 2003.000 water 303 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 . 2003 Santo Domingo 4+ year O&M 2.5% of Umbria Acque the ATO serving 460. In 2000. it would not be seeking new international contracts. International activities In July 2004. AI acquired majority stakes in Acquedotto de Ferrari Galliera (ADF. ACEA‘s Yerevan contract was completed in 2005 and VE gained a subsequent contract serving that city.8million in 2005 (2004. 53%). This was expanded from 700. ACEA has also acquired 3.ACEA 2005 Sarnese Vesuviano ATO privatisation 1.2million). Acqua Italia has revenues of EUR20million in 2004.40 Turnover increased from EUR21million in 1999 to EUR48million in 2000 and EUR58million in 2001. ACEA holds 100% of ACEA Dominicana.9million) and an operating profit of EUR3. 67%) and Acquedotto Nicolay (AN. ACEA announced that while it would retain its existing water activities.000 in the following three years. ACEA sold its stake in Acqua Italia to Amga SpA for EUR61million and the assumption of EUR10million in debt.85 Combined 1. Consolidated revenues were EUR30. a purchase price of EUR2million and the assumption of EUR17million in liabilities. two of the three listed water companies in Italy prior to the emergence of the municipal multi-utilities.45 Crea 0.1million (2004. a 67/33 venture with Impreligio SpA.500. ACEA acquired SIGESA for EUR19million in July 2005. Both companies serve the city of Genoa (see their respective company entries).500.000 people in the city of Perugia.000 water The contract is with the municipality‘s CAASD. The acquisition valued Crea at EUR67million. EUR12. SIGESA was founded by Bouygues/SAUR in 1986 and acquired the water services activities of Fiat SpA in 1998 along with 71% of Crea in February 2000 (the remaining 29% being held by Italmobiliare SpA). Acquisition of SIGESA ACEA acquired SIGESA (Società Italiana Gestione Servizio Ambientale) for EUR21.000 people to 1. serving 76 municipalities in parts of Naples.56million in 2010.7million in 2004 after the divestment of the gas activities.85 1.ITALY PART 3(i): COMPANY ANALYSIS: MAJOR PLAYERS . Sale of Acqua Italia to Amga In November 1999. Population served (million) Water Wastewater Sigesa 0.000 water & sewerage The concession was awarded to Aguas de San Pedro in August 2000 and entered service in February 2001.7% of Amga's (see relevant company entry) equity.35 0.4million in June 2005 and the acquisition was consolidated on 1 January 2006. All three companies provide water services to the city of Genoa. SAUR acquired 26.20 2. ACEA set up Aqua Italia SpA (AI).000 water & wastewater A 30 year concession awarded to Campania-Gori SpA. Rieti and Benevento. Honduras 2000 San Pedro 30 year concession 526. In 2003. Other activities are in Lucca. Peru 2000 Cono Norte 27 year concession 800. USD135million of investment is planned during the life of the concession. EUR2.

Its population is currently 750. Tel: +390 6 57 991 Fax: +390 6 57 994 146 Web: www. Contact Details Name: ACEA SpA Address: Piazzale Ostiense 2.72million increase on 2009. 51% held by ACEA) and covers 45% of the city‘s population.000 by the end of the concession. Both contracts have been renewed and remain active as of 2011. Cono Norte is part of the city of Rio Chillon. a EUR8.it Giancarlo Cremonesi (Chairman) Marco Staderini (CEO) Paolo Giorgio Bassi (CFO) 304 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 . Colombia Operations are carried out through ACEA‘s 51% held Aguazul Bogota. 2003 Bogota 5+ year O&M 3. Revenues were EUR18.8million) and involves USD80million in capital spending. Revenues in 2010 were EUR2. Fisia Utalimianti SpA (5%) and Castalia & Cosapi SA (10%) of Peru for the Cono Norte concession that was awarded to Agua Azul SA in January 2000.ACEA ACEA (Consorcio Agua Azul SA.53million in 2010.aceaspa. the operating contract runs for 25 years.000. Italy. 00154 Rome.000 water The contract is with the municipality‘s Empresa de Acueducto y Alcantarillado de Bogotà (EAAB. based in zones 2 and 5. The concession 3 involves the supply of 44million m of water pa at PEN2. In 2011. a new contract to manage services for the commercial zone No 1 was awarded to ACEA. After two years constructing a new water treatment works for USD50million.000 but is expected to rise to 2.8million/month (USD0.ITALY PART 3(i): COMPANY ANALYSIS: MAJOR PLAYERS .800.49million. 45%) teamed with Impregilo SpA (40%).

However.114 774 394 314 89.9% of Aqualia‘s 2008 revenues were in water and wastewater services.5% 7. a water management company in 1988 and since 2002.819million in 2010. Aqualia aims to generate revenues of EUR1. 7.9% 6.5% 6. profit and loss account Y/E 31/12 (EURmillion) Aqualia – Spain Aqualia – International Turnover – Aqualia Total turnover Operating profit Pre-tax profit Net attributable profit 2006 674 40 714 9.9% 4. Further contract gains were made in Central & Eastern Europe. Aqualia participated in 516 tenders. FCC gained three major water contracts in Portugal. At the end of 2009.912million rising to EUR12.5% 2010 18. the company sold this stake back to Ms Koplowitz for EUR916million in July 2004.3% 19.670 789 439 324 2010 695 173 868 12.259 1.SPAIN PART 3(i): COMPANY ANALYSIS: MAJOR PLAYERS – FCC SPAIN FCC (FOMENTO DE CONSTRUCCIONES Y CONTRATAS SA) Fomento de Construcciones Y Contratas SA (FCC) is the result of the 1992 merger between Construcciones Y Contratas SA and Fomento de Obras y Construcciones SA (Focsa). FCC‘s water and sewerage operations are the second largest in Spain after Agbar.9% 9.6% 1.0% 5.6% for design and build projects and 2.6% % 70.4% 7. Aqualia – revenue breakdown for 2010 Revenues by client Cities Private clients (industrial. since 2004.423 1. Portugal and Mexico in 2008 and in Egypt and Mexico in 2009.6% Revenues by service Water supply Other Wastewater treatment Sewerage % 79.3% for industrial water services.481 881 881 536 2007 715 74 790 13.252 738 2008 712 134 845 14. Focsa was founded in 1900 and gained the Barcelona sewerage contract in 1911.2% 8. as demonstrated by the Queretaro contract gain in Mexico in 2007.1% 0.618million (pessimistic scenario) to EUR2. During 2010. 30% outside Spain. all of FCC‘s water and wastewater service activities have been grouped under Aqualia.7% 23. Italy and Mexico as well as acquiring one of the leading regional utilities in the Czech Republic. FCC has sought new contracts in Latin America on its own. etc) Other public authorities Autonomous communities Aqualia .135million.223million (optimistic scenario) by 2020.0% 4.1% 305 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 .Spanish revenues Region Madrid Andalucía Castilla La Mancha Canaries Catalonia Extremadura Murcia Galicia Asturias Rest of Spain 2009 18.7% 17.3% 6. While the original aim was for VE to take control of FCC.2% 0. FOCSA purchased Seragua. The stake sale does not affect the Proactiva joint venture. In 1999. FCC. During 2006 and 2007.1% 7. Aqualia had an order backlog of EUR11.1% 4. Focsa was a Spanish construction company which had traditionally dominated Spain‘s urban waste collection and street cleaning sectors.5% 16. Alicia Koplowitz sold her 28% stake in FCC to VE. winning 210 contracts worth a total of EUR1.8% 15.016 896 520 337 2009 711 161 872 12.

EUR57million).000 530.865.3% 4.200.000. Bajo Andrax (Almeria.005.000 2.000 4. 27 years.500 people.55 171.3% 0. number of people supplied in Spain and internationally Country Water Spain 7.International revenues Country Czech Republic Algeria Italy Portugal Mexico China Egypt 2009 9.000 300. EUR85million) and Moguer-Mazagon (Huelva. EUR170million).000 Ecuador 2.87 20.000.000.6million people in 72 cities and towns.22 684.000 200.865.000 * Includes Proactiva Sewerage 9.000 28.9% 4.000 552.000 2.Catalonia & Balearics North Zone .190.3% 0. Contract gains in 2010 included: Sanlucar de Barramedea (Cadiz.300.350.09 0.930.29 3.Central & Eastern Spain & the Canary Isles South Zone .000 1.000 12.000 1.93million people in Spain: it covers 800 towns and cities and in addition provides sewer cleaning and maintenance services for 6.000 300.000.000.Basque Country. Prigo de Cordoba (Cordoba.64 Proactiva 8.000.000 15.53 975.000 Total 12.505.9% 0.000 4.000 2.97 FCC. 32.000 1. EUR82million).27 Aqualia 496.1% 4.92 Total 504.000 350.000 1. 25 years.SPAIN PART 3(i): COMPANY ANALYSIS: MAJOR PLAYERS – FCC Aqualia .7% 3.6% 0.3% 0.0% 2010 9.423.0% 0.000 16.53 691.000 2.000 4.000 0 0 0 885.00 0.000 Argentina * 200.000 306 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 .000 2.000 Aqualia 153. September 2010 Region East Zone . people served in Spain by region.19 3.2% Aqualia currently serves 12.930.000 Czech Republic 1.400. 25 years.11 Total 266.220.000 Italy 300.200.1% 0.300.68 513. 25 years.00 284.000 Total 19.423.000 1.000 6.total FCC – water received and wastewater treated in 2008 Water (Million m ) Source Groundwater Surface water Desalination Other Total Wastewater (Million m ) Total 3 3 People 1.000 Venezuela * 552.200. Aqualia.290.500.Southern Spain Spain .650.87 20.190.000 Egypt 0 China 0 Total outside Spain 12.7% 0.000.000 Portugal 350.000 Colombia * 2.000 Mexico * 4. Galicia & NE Spain Extremadura Zone Central Zone .87 Proactiva 112.000 350.

2010 Fundao 30 year concession 31.768 77 N/A N/A 2.79 815.500 water & wastewater A EUR277million contract.955 468 371 2009 44.20million inhabitants are connected to the mains water supply and 0.070 70 N/A N/A 1. 1.106 659 1. Currently.077 625 1.5% of the shares are held by Moravian municipalities.429 73 1.624 507.959 531. SmVaK is the second largest water and wastewater entity in the Czech market.71 25.07% interest from Suez.965 505. Aqualia developed Aqualia New Europe a 51/49 joint venture with the European Bank of Reconstruction and Development (EBRD) to seek new concession contracts in Central & Eastern Europe. profit and loss account Y/E 31/12 (Kčsmillion) 3 Water – in-house provision (million m ) 3 Water – third party sales (million m ) Water – people served Sewerage – people served Sewage treatment – people served Sewerage – municipalities served Water supply revenues Wastewater treatment revenues Revenues Pre-tax profits Net profits 2006 49.734 319 246 2007 46. It owns 26 water treatment plants and operates 65 sewage treatment plants (7 primary & 58 secondary).994 528.36 832. it also supplies water to 120.00 24. with CZK 0.07million of the region‘s 1. Poland and Slovakia. In April 2004 Penta purchased a further 44. including serving the Frýdek – Místek. the company was given a Baa.s.30% holding in Severomoravské vodovody a Kanalizace Ostrava a. 2008 Campo Major 30 year concession 51.25billion available for acquisitions in Moravia.000 people in near-border areas of Poland.831 382 389 2008 45.75billion (GBP38million). Portugal 2010 Cartaxo 30 year concession 24. AWG acquired this stake for GBP19million in 1999.000 water & wastewater 307 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 .203 502. It has a total capital of EUR163million. the first time SmVaK has been rated.109 508.02 829.95 23.597 527. Zimnicea and Dumbraveni).SPAIN PART 3(i): COMPANY ANALYSIS: MAJOR PLAYERS – FCC Czech Republic FCC acquired 98% of SmVaK from Penta Finance in 2006 for EUR248million.30 26. Karviná. Hlučín. and for other municipalities of Moravia and Silesia region.698 515.90 814. and Opava regions.38 24.634 72 1. 1. Penta Finance acquired AWG‘s 54.092 438 352 SmVaK provides water and sewerage services for the Severomoravske region. (SmVaK) in February 2004 for CZK1.038 451 359 2010 43. with the assets being both wholly owned and held indefinitely.300 water & wastewater A EUR190million contract. SmVaK is a full privatisation. along with the cities of Ostrava. According to Aqualia.188 77 N/A N/A 2. and under a contract. In June 2005 the company issued CZK 2billion in bonds in order to retire earlier debts.770 529. SmVaK.564 505.000 water & wastewater This EUR93million contract includes EUR7million in capital spending. Studénka.92 841. Niki) and Romania (sewage treatment plants in Agnita. Nový Jičín.short term international debt rating by CRA. Aqualia New Europe In 2009. 2008 Elvas 30 year concession 23.87million to the sewerage network. In August 2005. Construction contracts have been gained in Montenegro (sewage treatment.

3million. with an EBITDA of EUR79million. Alpiarça. most notably for Puerto Rico. The tertiary facility will handle 250. Latin America . It was rescinded in 2006.500million.3% to EUR420million. with net profits of EUR7. It is being operated with Lena of Portugal and covers the cities of Almeirim. rising to EUR403million in 2009 with an EBITDA of EUR83million.5%). The service area has 650. Egypt 2009 Cairo 20 year DBFO 1.000. Aqualia is the majority participant (51%). Cartaxo. Mexico 2009 El Realito 25 year DBFO 850.000 water Proactiva Medio Ambiente Venezuela gained the Hidrocapital concession for the water supply and sewerage for the north east sector of Caracas in July 2002. Benavente. 2007 Queretaro 20 year concession 700.000 water & wastewater This contract involves EUR200million in capital spending (EUR53million from public funding) and will generate total revenues of EUR1. Gate (0.000). Chamusca. Revenues have recovered since. the other members being the Italian firms Galva (47%).Proactiva Turnover for Proactiva Medio Ambiente was EUR443million in 2000.000) and Caltanissetta (61. Italy 2006 Caltanissetta 30 year concession 275. Vallejo Viejo and Fray Mamerto Esquiú in the province of Catamarca. generating revenues of EUR330million over the operational period. Coruche.SPAIN PART 3(i): COMPANY ANALYSIS: MAJOR PLAYERS – FCC 2006 Leziria del Tajo 40 year concession 220. Aqualia holds 26% of the concession company. Forecast revenue is USD2million pa.000 water A EUR750million project.000 inhabitants. Proactiva‘s 2010 revenues rose by 4.000m of wastewater a day and will generate EUR360million in revenues. in the northwest part of the country. Salvaterra de Magos and Santarém.000m per day to the greater Queretaro area. Caltanissetta's two largest towns are Gela (72. Golega. CCC (1%). Argentina Proactiva Medio Ambiente was awarded the Catamarca contract in April 2000 for water supply management for the departments (parts of the town) of Capital. 308 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 .000 water & wastewater The water and wastewater management contract for the Caltanissetta province in Sicily involves capital spending of EUR247million (EUR85million from public funding) and is expected to generate revenues of EUR1. Revenues have been impacted by currency weakness and fell to EUR145million in 2002.000 sewage treatment A 50/50 joint venture with Orascom Construction Industries of Egypt gained the concession which 3 was organised by IFC. This has been further reduced to EUR34million in 2003 due to the non-renewal of a number of contracts. which will start in January 2010 and awarded to FCC and Mexico‘s ICA. Venezuela 1997 Monagas 30 year concession 552.000 water 3 A EUR200million project that will deliver and treat bulk water at 130.5%) and AIEM (0.5billion.

with the aim of providing water services to 95% of the city‘s residents and sewerage for 90%.000 with sewerage. with COP10.280.000m /day serving some 2million people. with Proactiva holding 33% of the equity. It serves 329.1million people are served by Proactiva.000 people in the city and more than 300. The Tunja concession serves 151. USD55million having been spent to date. International Water Services (Guayaquil).000 by 2010. where by 2004 piped water was made available for a seventh of the cost of the water vendors. Ecuador 2001 Guayaquil 30 year concession 2.SPAIN PART 3(i): COMPANY ANALYSIS: MAJOR PLAYERS – FCC Colombia 3.000 water & wastewater International Water (Edison/Bechtel) sold its 90% holding in International Water Services (Guayaquil) Interagua C.000 new clients to the city‘s mains water and 20. connecting 40.000 in the surrounding areas. Between 2006 and 2011.000.000 people in informal settlements.000 with sewerage.8million (USD217million) for 40% of Sanepar.000 with water and 875. Since 2003. 3 The plant has a capacity 900. 309 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 .000 to sewerage systems. Caasa serves 506. 24 hour per day coverage rose from 40% in 1989 to 85% in 2007. Total contract revenues will be USD300million.000 in 2001 to 2.000 with sewerage. especially in Isla Trinitaria.000 with water and 148. Since 1993.000 to 1.000 water & wastewater The Monteria concession was gained by Proactiva Medio Ambiente in December 1999 and will generate COP29billion in revenues.100. the water and sewerage company serving the state of Parana.000 during this time. Edison wrote down EUR12million on the sale.1million people. with access to sewerage rising from 934. the company will invest USD250million in new infrastructure.000 water This is the contract for upgrading and expanding the TIBITOC water treatment works in consortium with 2 local partners. VE‘s role in the concession has been eased. A cross subsidy rate scheme ensures that industrial clients subsidise in part the water that is used by residents. contribution to Edison‘s profit and loss account EURmillion Revenues EBITDA Capital spending 2004 27 4 N/A 2005 31 8 N/A 2006 34 10 8 2007 29 7 13 During the first five years of the concession.260. with a respective coverage of 93% and 70%.732.300. Brazil 1998 Parana Strategic stake acquisition 8.Ltda (ECAPAG) to Proactiva in December 2008. with Proactiva holding a 35% stake in the consortium.000 with water and 124.000 water & wastewater 329. The contract involves USD78million in investment. Mexico VE‘s Proactiva JV operates two contracts serving a total of 3. 1998 Bogotá 20 year BOT 2. Access to water has increased from 1.000 water & sewerage The operating consortium paid BRL249. 885. Interagua invested USD50million in extending services to the city. The principal targets in 2001 were to reduce non revenue water from 70% to 30% and to connect 300.5billion in investments over the contract life. The 30 year concession was granted in October 1993 and is 90% held by Proactiva. 1996 2000 Tunja Monteria 20 year concession 20 year concession 151.

Spain Tel: +(34) 91 35 95 400 Fax: +(34) 91 34 54 923 Web: www.000 wastewater This is FCC‘s first international contract in Asia and its first since ending its relationship with Veolia. FCC‘s SPA has been involved in providing equipment for six WWTW projects since 1999. Treatment Plant 3 Number 2) with a capacity of 200.000 Water management services (1993-2009) Water and waste water concession 25 year BOT 2. including hardware for the first phase of Bengbu Number 1.43million 885. EUR40million is to be spent upgrading and expanding the city‘s wastewater treatment works and the contract will generate 3 revenues of EUR500million.fcc.es Baldomero Falcones Jaquotot (Chairman and CEO) José Trueba (CFO) Fernando Moreno (General Manager. 13.SPAIN PART 3(i): COMPANY ANALYSIS: MAJOR PLAYERS – FCC Sapsa (Mexico City) Caasa (Aguascalientes) China 2005 Bengbu 2.000m per day will be built and managed. The contract is being operated as a joint venture between FCC‘s Aqualia and BCCA of China.000. Bengbu Treatment Plant Number 1 (100.000m per day and a second plant (Yantaizi. 28016 Madrid. Aqualia) 310 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 . Bengbu is in Anhui Province and has a population of some 2million people.000m per day) will be managed 3 for 25 years and expanded to 200. Contact Details Name: Fomento de Construcciones Y Contratas SA Address: Federico Salmón.

000 1. SembCorp Industries.000 179.000 1.000 311 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 .000 76.000 591.295.928 507 28. SembCorp held 98% of Cascal NV‘s equity.072 1.8million in June 2003.000 81.000 440.37 2010 4.300 - Total 2. cooling and refrigerated water (2.500 270.58 2007 3.000 Industrial 2.000 87.080 256.619 526 29.000 83. number of people served internationally Country UK Philippines Indonesia Chile Antigua Panama Caribbean South Africa China Grand Total Water 420.44 SembCorp – Industrial water activities SembCorp Utilities was established in 1999 to gain O&M and BOT contracts for municipal and industrial water and wastewater projects in the region.031 58.water and wastewater treatment capacity.000 256.478 9. This resulted in the company having two broadly distinct service arms: SembCorp (industrial water and wastewater services) and Cascal (municipal water and wastewater services).600m 3 per day). SUT Sakra and SUT Seraya.988.000 100.500 5.000 18. SembCorp Water‘s 18% stake in Cathay International Water was sold back to Cathay and Cathay International Overseas Holdings for USD44. following a bid announced in April 2010. provides multi-utility services for 3 35 industrial customers on Jurong Island in Singapore.572 683 38.57 2008 4.000 Total 420.000 440.000 69.000 83.500 Sembcorp .102.50 2009 3. These include demineralised water (32.210. a subsidiary of SembCorp Industries Ltd.080 174.210.032 8. In July 2010.000 77.426 8.500 5.500 Sewerage 179.000 591.86million m per day) and wastewater treatment via three dedicated facilities on an O&M basis. 02-2011 Water 3 M per day Singapore China Indonesia Philippines Oman UAE South Africa United Kingdom The Caribbean Chile Panama Municipal 940.000 295.996. Cascal.988.800 89. which serve 27 corporate customers as well as other SembCorp subsidiaries in Singapore‘s Jurong Island.000 419.736 8.107 1.495 9.000 10.000 419.SPAIN PART 3(i): COMPANY ANALYSIS: MAJOR PLAYERS – SU SEMBCORP INDUSTRIES LTD SembCorp Utilities (SU).764 793 44.996.000 1. profit and loss account Y/E 31/12 (SGDmillion) Utilities Total turnover Net profit Earnings per share 2006 3.800 89.500 444.300 76.000 81.000 69.000 1.000 448.000 179.000 18.000 100.072 172.000 474.295.000 448. The company has two wholly owned utility subsidiaries in Singapore.

0 181. The company has been seeking bids in most of the currently active international markets.4 0. 2006 67.0 20.2 27. including 120.2 15.1 3.4 10.700 Industrial 3.6 40.6 163.1 2007 107.3 2009 N/A N/A 163.4 181. specialising in water treatment and sewerage engineering.8 2. SembCorp held 98% of Cascal.3% of Cascal‘s shares were held by SembCorp.2 2.000m per day of raw water and 48.4 6. The stake cost SembCorp USD191.4 0.8 38. 92.3 110.7 36.9 0.568 115.568 115. Biwater is a privately owned company.000m per day of demineralised water.7 31.8 33.6 8.0 0.4 36. The facility is adjacent to Northumbrian Water‘s GBP145million Bran Sands wastewater treatment complex.9 0.852 Total 17.7 2008 133.8 0. In April 2010.2 118.6 15.344.7 2008 94.3 10.8 110.9 6. In 2000.200 89.8 9.300 Municipal 10.0 163.3 13.2 100.5 0.8 2. As of 2011. Biwater Capital Plc was set up in 1998 for international concession contracts. profit and loss account YE 31/03 (USDmillion) Water supply turnover Water contracting turnover Group turnover Operating profit Pre-tax profit 2006 101. This was acquired for GBP106million and the company has invested GBP259million in the facility.8 21.200 89.5 14.9 13.8 0.2 14. In 1989 it acquired the Bournemouth & West Hampshire Water Companies.0 2. Biwater Capital was renamed Cascal as a 50/50 joint venture with Nuon of the Netherlands. The bid was supported by Biwater and by July 2010.9 160.9 11.2 22.5 Cascal NV.5 121.0 6.6 31.768 Total 5.468. regional breakdown of revenues Year ended March 31 (USDmillion) United Kingdom South Africa Indonesia China Chile Panama The Philippines Holding Companies Revenue from continuing operations Discontinued operations (Mexico) Total reported revenue UK SembUtilities UK provides water services to industrial customers on the Wilton International facility on 3 3 Teesside. Cascal NV.6 3.2 24.5 160.200 10.500 117. SembCorp made a bid for Cascal‘s market listed equity.100 323.SPAIN PART 3(i): COMPANY ANALYSIS: MAJOR PLAYERS – SU Water 3 M per day Total Wastewater 3 M per day Singapore China Philippines South Africa Chile Total Cascal NV Municipal 2.468 Biwater was founded in 1968 and in the 1970s it moved into sewage treatment hardware and developed a number of export markets.0 7.2 2010 N/A N/A 181.200 132.7 20. Biwater bought out Nuons‘s share in 2006 and in February 2008.7 157.812. Nuon paid USD130million for its holding in the joint venture in March 2000.1 13.7million.4 30.500 117.1 121.452 Industrial 17.6 2009 83.6 2007 75. with a balance between wastewater and water provision.8 11. June 2006 saw Biwater buy back the 50% stake in Cascal from Nuon NV.4 2010 81. Biwater sold 42% of Cascal NV on the New York Stock Exchange.1 1.4 9.1 2.3 11.5 23.7 2.4 9.100 190.8 312 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 .7 11.

87 13. These bonds are repayable by 2033 and carry a coupon of 3.00 7.000 water & sewerage The Subic Water and Sewerage Company Inc. subject to 25 years notice of termination. This company was sold to Severn Trent in 1993.61 43.57 2010 38. Bournemouth Water (founded in 1863) and West Hampshire Water (founded in 1893) were both acquired in 1989 and merged in 1994.73 46. The water companies have formed the backbone of Biwater's profitability in recent years.45 2.51 5.46 42. Cascal acquired a 12 BOT awarded by the Antigua Public Utilities Authority in 2004. in 1988. Sembcorp Bournemouth Water Plc financial highlights YE 31/03 (GBPmillion) Water supply turnover Non-regulated turnover Group turnover Operating profit Pre-tax profit 2007 34.93 9. The partners set up a local company.85 4.000 connections. There are also two resort desalination BOTs covering 17. the company refinanced its debt by issuing GBP65million of index linked wrapped bonds under the Royal Bank of Scotland‘s Artesian programme. (Subicwater) is a JV (30% Cascal) with local partners. Leakage in 2009-10 was 21. Subicwater took over the operation and maintenance of the existing assets and is undertaking extensive refurbishment work.11 2011 40.34 10. Non-revenue water has been reduced from 49% in 1995 to 23% in 2010. Batam Island has enjoyed exceptionally high investment and growth ever since it was designated a special development zone by the Indonesian Government. Bangun Cipta Kontraktor (BCK) and Syabata Cemerlang a 25 year concession contract in 1995 to operate. In 2010 it was renamed Sembcorp Bournemouth Water.8Ml/day against a 2010 target of 22.860 meters.000 desalination Cascal Water Antigua was acquired in December 2009. Antigua 2009 Antigua 12 year BOT 83.000 people in Boinaire and Curacao.000 which rises to 500. Subicwater was established together with the Subic Bay Metropolitan Authority (SBMA) and the Ologapo City Government to undertake the project by means of a twenty five year concession contract (extended to 30 years in 2003).2Ml/day. manage and develop the water facilities on the island of Batam. with an inflation-related indexation charge on their principal value.500 further meters are to be installed by 2015. 313 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 .000 water connections and 70Km of water mains and 50Km of sewerage networks.31 1.150. East Worcester Water.91 2009 37.084%. The company is 100% held by Cascal and has an operating licence in perpetuity. serving a resident population of 420. serving Subic Bay Freeport and Olongapo City.57 13.40 10. Philippines 1997 Subic Bay 30 year concession 179.99 13.52 14. 18. There are 32.95 2008 36.67 39. Adhya Tirta Batam (ATB) to fulfil their concession obligations.000 water provision The Batam Industrial Development Authority (BIDA) awarded Cascal and its 50/50 local joint venture partners.SPAIN PART 3(i): COMPANY ANALYSIS: MAJOR PLAYERS – SU Biwater was the first company to acquire a UK statutory water company. Indonesia 1995 Batam Island 25 year concession 1. The combined company has 195. which is due to expire in 2027 and has a 25 year extension option.05 15.66 15. Cascal and BCK acquired Syabata Cemberlang in November 2002 and now have equal shares in ATB. pipework and rehabilitation and the extension of water distribution and sewerage networks.02 9.000 in the summer. In 2005.26 39. upgrading treatment works.07 Meter penetration in 2007 reached 50% and reached 55% by 2009-10 following the installation of 26.

The first phase had an initial capacity of 12. with the volume of water delivered rising by 16% during the year. Singapore 2008 Changi 25 year BOT 400.SPAIN PART 3(i): COMPANY ANALYSIS: MAJOR PLAYERS – SU Due to the high growth.29966 per m . SembCorp TLIA Wastewater Treatment Company.000 and to 122.000m of NEWater a day from 2010. compared with 150.000 people in 2010. The new treatment plant will have a capacity of 11. with 69.000 water provision Cascal holds 40% of PT Adhya Titra Sriwijaya. In July 2008. with a design capacity of 160. The first phase entered service in June 2009 and full operations started in 2010. In September 2005.000m per day at a cost of CNY86million. connections rose by a further 18% to 81.000m per day. along with Nanjing Chemical Industrial Park Company (5%).000m per day industrial wastewater treatment plant in 2010 and entered service in 2011.150. against 98% by 2010. The first year price for NEWater is 3 SGD0. The CNY70million facility will 3 treat industrial wastewater from chemical industries in TLIA and have a capacity of 10. China. The project cost is SGD68million.000 municipal customers. own and operate an industrial wastewater treatment plant in Tianjin Lingang Industrial Area (TLIA) was announced in 2007. to design.000 customer connections. In 2003-04.000 by 2007. China A BOT for a wastewater facility for the Nanjing Chemical Industrial Park (NCIP) in Jiangsu Province was awarded to SembCorp in 2003. 3 In 2009 the facility underwent an expansion to 20.500m per day from 2005 with an 3 3 expansion to 30.000. build. In May 2008. The project has cost SGD65million and 3 serves 100 industrial customers. which has a concession for water provision to Sukarme. A 80% owned joint venture serving the Qinzhou Economic Development Zone in Guangxi Province 3 was awarded a 50 year BOT contract to operate a 15.000 at the outset. A potable water provision contract (80% held) for the Shenyang Economic and Technological Development Area has 600 industrial customers and 20.5million gallons per day.000. manage & operate three water treatment works in the Shenyang Economic & Technological Development Zone in Liaoning 3 Province. the first in China capable of receiving this wastewater without pre-treatment. water demand grew by 10% in 2002-03. 2008 Telang Kelapa 23 year concession 60. In 2009 a 15.000 water SembCorp NEWater Pte Ltd (100% SembCorp) gained a 25 year NEWater agreement with PUB in February 2008.000m per day from 2007. along with approval for a 20% tariff increase. equivalent to a population of almost 200. The new construction is the third stage in the development of an integrated potable water system and follows the completion of earlier modules built in 2001 and 2004. own and operate Singapore's largest NEWater plant at Changi and 3 supply PUB with 228. with all customers metered and supplied with WHO compliant water. SembCorp Utilities holds 90% of the joint venture company. The total cost of their project has been 3 SGD101million. own and operate a 3 35. In June 2005. SembCorp established an 80/20 joint venture to acquire. PT Adhya Tirta Batam undertook to construct a new water treatment plant in Duriangkang.000m per day water treatment plant BOT serving the park. expand.000m per day integrated industrial wastewater treatment and industrial water recycling plant in the ZhangJiaGang Free Trade Zone in Jiangsu Province. with a total population of 160. and commenced operations in mid 2009. an area near to Palembang. SembCorp gained a 30 year (plus 20 year option) to own. SembCorp has a 95% stake in Nanjing SembCorp Suiyu. SembCorp acquired a 100.000m per day industrial effluent plant was opened. Adhya Tirta Batam served 1. A joint venture contract to build.000m per day. Coverage was 35% in 1995. 314 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 .

000 water provision In June 2008 China Water acquired 50% of Zhumadian China Water Company. In November 2006. 2001 Yanjiao 25 year BOOT 350. 2000 Xinmin 25 year BOOT 98. All contracts are 100% held by Cascal.000 people) was sold to ESSAN. Thames Water Aqua International GmbH acquired 48. The new joint venture company. the incumbent private utility in 2006.000 water provision 3 The CWC Xinmin (Liaoning. 2000 80% held by CWC. Between 2008 and 2010. Sembcorp acquired the remaining 13% of CWC shares in 2010 for USD 12. revenues are anticipated to rise from USD6million to approximately USD13million. formally commenced operations in May 2008. which were built between 2001 and 2003. China Water has offices in Hong Kong and Shanghai and it owns majority stakes in four water service companies in China which are based in Xinmin and Qitaihe (in the North).000m /day water treatment work.8% of CWC for USD20million. The water service companies are all joint ventures with local water companies or development zones.500 water provision The Calama project (wastewater concession serving 150.000 water provision The CWC Yanjiao (Hebei) contract (92% CWC) covers water treatment works handling a total of 3 60. which partners Cascal with the Municipality of Yancheng. a joint venture in Zhumadian City. Cascal acquired 87% of the China Water Company Limited from Thames Water.000m /day WTW ran from 2004-2006. 2008 Zhumadian 30 year concession 400. a company majority held by the Australian Federal Government. 89% CWC) water infrastructure project covers one 30. 89% CWC) project is for the construction and operation of water 3 treatment works handling 120. 2008 Yancheng 30 year concession 716. 315 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 . The JV will invest USD25million towards the completion of a new water treatment works which will enter service in 2009 and USD16million on allied distribution infrastructure.8million.000m /day. Over the initial 3 years. Cascal expects the new joint venture company to achieve revenues rising from USD9. Construction of the 3 125.5million to USD11. Sime Darby (Hong Kong) and two minority shareholders.000 water provision In April 2008 Cascal acquired a 48% percent stake in Yancheng China Water Company.7million.000 water provision The Fuzhou CWC Water Company Limited (70% CWC) contract is a 30 year concession which started in December 2004. Henan Province (Zhumadian Bangye Water Group holding the remaining 49%). Construction took place in 2001-2003. 2001 Qitaihe 25 year BOOT 215. Fuzhou CWC operates the water supply assets of the Fuzhou Economic & Technological Development Zone (FETDZ) Water Supply Company in Fujian. built in 2000-2001. Yancheng China Water Company. Chile Shanyang 25 year BOOT 67.000 water provision The CWC Qitaihe (Heilongjiang. Yanjiao (near Beijing) and Fuzhou (in the South East).000m /day. 2004 Fuzhou 30 year concession 150. plus a USD50million capital injection in 2001.SPAIN PART 3(i): COMPANY ANALYSIS: MAJOR PLAYERS – SU The China Water Company (CWC) The China Water Company (CWC) was originally founded by AIDC.

9million and Cascal‘s interest continued under an O&M contract until 2008 and was formally terminated in January 2008. Revenues of USD6-8million pa are anticipated. Chile. with concessions serving medium to high quality residential and industrial areas in the North and East of the city. Cascal acquired the contract in 2006. some 45km from Antofagasta.000 water provision Servicomunal and Servilampa were acquired by Cascal in June 2008. Rate increases (5% for Servicomunal and 10% for Servilampa) came into effect in June 2009. South Africa 1999 Nelspruit 30 year concession 390.000 water & sewage 316 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 . BOOT 440.000 water & wastewater Cascal acquired Servicos de Agua Potable Barechea SA (SAPBSA) and Aguas Chacabuco SA. The contract serves people in the La Chorrera. The businesses operate perpetually held. Mexico 1993-2008 Puerto Vallarta 15 year O&M 250. Cascal negotiated a one year extension with Xtansa. increasing its supply volume by 30%. two companies operating outside Santiago. selling it on to industry and farms.000 water & wastewater This is the first WWTW PSP project in Chile. It has a production capacity of 216Ml/day.000 sewerage This is the first sewage treatment BOOT in Mexico. regulated water and wastewater concessions serving 23. This plant has enabled Puerto Vallarta to develop into a major international holiday resort. to the north of Santiago. and construction started in 2003 with the IFC providing USD15million of the project‘s USD25million funding. with a WWTW to secondary standard. 2002 Noranda 22 years 3 Industry This USD6million project provides 2. The facility entered service in 2004.000 customers in Colina.000 water This is Panama‘s first BOOT water project involving the construction of a 76Ml/day potable water treatment plant for Aguas de Panama. 1994 Santiago Perpetual 13.3mm of rainfall pa. Noranda and other companies in La Negra. In 2004. west of the Panama Canal.000 and recycles the water. The Antofagasta facility serves one of the driest parts of the world which has only 3. The government announced in 2008 that it was seeking for an early termination of the contract and in August 2008 Cascal sought leave to the Supreme Court to protect its interests.2million m pa of treated wastewater to Xstrata. In 2009. 1994 Antofagasta 30 year concession 310. A water treatment works for the Pan de Azucar concession area was constructed in 2004. the BOOT contract was sold to SEAPAL for a profit of USD12. The company owns USD50million in water rights. Panama 2002 Laguna Alta 30 years. Arraijan and Capira areas. The project was first signed in 2000.SPAIN PART 3(i): COMPANY ANALYSIS: MAJOR PLAYERS – SU 2008 Santiago Perpetual 96. the state held concession holder in 2010 and this is being contested through an arbitration procedure. The facility treats waste from a population of almost 342. These have been grouped together as Aguas Santiago SA and started supplying water in 1996. Bayesa received notice of contract termination from Econssa.

This has substantially reduced NRW and over 6Ml/day have been saved to date. The concession is operated through Siza Water which will make USD172million of investments during the life of the concession. over 8.000 (low season) and 100. 1999 Dolphin Coast 30 year concession 58.000 new meters have been installed. Cascal has taken over billing and revenue collection while modernising the facilities and has focused the concession on improving and expanding service delivery to the townships. Siza Water provides water and wastewater services to approximately 50. Contact Details Name: SembCorp Industries Ltd Address: 30 Hill Street. In the first 2 years of operation 91km of new water mains were laid as well as 18km of sewers.000 water & sewerage In May 2007. The population served varies between 30.sembcorp. Siza Water generated revenues of USD5. Cascal acquired 73.9million. Cascal purchased the 10% of the Greater Nelspruit Utility Co that it did not previously own.000 broken meters have been replaced and a further 15.000 (high season).4% of Siza Water from Bouygues for USD2.sg Peter Seah Lim Huat (Chairman) Tang Kin Fei (President and CEO) Lim Joke Mui (CFO) 317 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 . Singapore 179360 Tel: +65-6723-3113 Fax: +65-6822-3254 Web: www.com.5million in 2006.SPAIN PART 3(i): COMPANY ANALYSIS: MAJOR PLAYERS – SU In 2009. At the same time thousands of unregistered connections were found and many household and mains leaks repaired. The ZAR300million Silulumanzi concession covers the Maputo Development Corridor in Mpumalanga Province and is the fastest growing municipality in South Africa and has the World Cup football tournament due to be held there in 2010. The Borough of Dolphin Coast in Ballito is one of the main tourist resorts in South Africa and is experiencing rapid growth of both its resident population and its tourist industry. This is the first full privatisation in South Africa.000 people in the Dolphin Coast region of South Africa. #05-04.

9 529.2 581.6 50.986. United Utilities Plc (UU) once again specialises in managing water and wastewater in the north west of England. profit and loss account Y/E 31/03 (£million) Turnover UU North West Non-regulated Operating Profits UU North West Non-regulated Group turnover Operating profit Net interest Pre-tax profit Earnings/Share (p) 2007 1.3 678.0 9. the first salmon were caught in the Mersey since 1921.482 million to its shareholders in the wake of the £1. A 3.9 2008 1.126million.1billion in spending between 1990 and 2002. UU returned £1. This reflects the gains made since the Mersey Basin campaign started in 1981.8 26.4 69. compliance was at 50% and a £150million follow-up scheme concentrated on upgrading specific STWs and to reduce further a number of storm water discharges.5% for water and wastewater network maintenance and 45. It has retained its investment in Tallinna Vesi which has a separate entry in the Yearbook. £8 billion has been spent cleaning up the estuary which has now achieved ‗moderate‘ ecological status under the EU‘s Water Framework Directive.537. After £1.448.3 2010 1.2 -253. rising to £1.4 571.1 767. where serves 7.7 761.1 327.5% for service and quality enhancement. In 1999.2 502.513.3 742.7 59.6billion on capital works to divert domestic and industrial effluents into an integrated sewerage diversion and sewage treatment scheme between 1989 and 2002. 318 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 .2 916.573.1 408. when Europe‘s most polluted river was described as an ‗affront to civilised society‘.3 133.6 2009 1.1 -139.9 663.2 1. In 1997.1 2.221million in 2006 and £1. In September 1999.0 611.4 35. the total cost of the issue is £10 million.3 million people.6 2.9 36. the Mersey Basin gained the River Prize for the best river clean-up operation in the world.2 2011 1. During the 2000-05 period.000km of waterways have been restored since then. Capital spending rose from a total of £441million in 2005-06 to £570million in 2006-07. the problem of the region‘s bathing water is being tackled.0 62. after the main scheme had been completed. 2. United Utilities‘ £1 billion rights issue (£500 million in September 2003 and £500 million in June 2005) is the first UK rights issue to explicitly earmark funds for water and wastewater infrastructure spending since the 1989 privatisation.2 -270.2 -184.8 -359.7 735.3 580.1 1. Compliance has moved from 18% in 1988 to 97% in 2002.321million in 2007.050 million sale of UU Electricity (along with £686 million in debt).434.414.1 67. Since 1981. 11 out of 34 designated beaches failed the mandatory criteria and this fell to 1 in 2003 and all complied in 2006. UU is implementing a carbon emission plan that cut emissions by 18% by 2010 through using renewable energy supplies for its water and wastewater operations and a further 8% through harvesting methane from sewage treatment processes by 2012 at a total cost of £37million.6 919. In 2001. By avoiding underwriting.6 1.476.5 Km storm water storage tunnel is being built in 2011-12 at a cost of £114 million to relieve stormwater discharges into the Ribble Estuary from Preston. United Utilities.7 642. In 2010 the company sold its UK non-regulated activities and its stake in the Sofia concession to Veolia Environnement and those in Australia to Mitsubishi.7 6.314. 54.2 Regulated water and wastewater revenues in 2005 were £1. £195million was spent on upgrading wastewater treatment works and £106million on storm water overflow systems.9 478. with UU spending £1. Subsequent failures have been partly due to heavy rainfall and in part due to new problems being identified.362.UNITED KINGDOM PART 3(i): COMPANY ANALYSIS: MAJOR PLAYERS – UNITED UTILITIES UNITED KINGDOM UNITED UTILITIES PLC After two decades of expansion into international water markets and being a regional multi-utility.3 40.

au Dr John McAdam (Chairman) Steve Mogford (Group Chief Executive) Russ Houlden (Group Finance Director) 319 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 .com Web: www.com. UK Tel: +44 1925 237 000 Fax: +44 1925 237 073 Web: www.UNITED KINGDOM PART 3(i): COMPANY ANALYSIS: MAJOR PLAYERS – UNITED UTILITIES Bathing water compliance Guideline Mandatory Fail 2001 4 26 4 2003 4 32 1 2005 7 25 2 2007 10 19 3 2008 6 26 4 2009 5 31 2 2010 6 27 3 Contact Details Name: United Utilities Plc Address: Dawson House.unitedutilities.unitedutilities. Great Sankey. Warrington WA5 3LW.

PART 3 (ii): COMPANY ANALYSIS: LOCAL/REGIONAL PLAYERS PART 3(ii): COMPANY ANALYSIS: LOCAL/REGIONAL PLAYERS 320 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 .

Porr Infrastruktur GmbH (33%. Austria Tel: Tel: + 43 (0)1 603 10 12 . the company responsible for water and wastewater services in Breclav. The population equivalent for the plant is 190. This was the first BOT wastewater treatment contract to be awarded in Central and Eastern Europe.000. Construction was begun on September 21.000 water & wastewater VAK Plus holds 61% of VAK Hodonin. This concession operated by Suez.at Web: www. owned by the city of Vienna). Slovenia – Aquasystems Aquasystems DOO was founded for the Maribor wastewater treatment concession project in Slovenia.000 wastewater treatment Suez was the preferred bidder for the Maribor concession in 1997 and subsequently joined with Aquasystems. the Federal forestry company).AUSTRIA PART 3 (ii): COMPANY ANALYSIS: LOCAL/REGIONAL PLAYERS AUSTRIA AQUAPLUS Aquaplus is jointly held by Vienna Water (33%. Austria – Ariwa Ariwa was founded in 2001 for developing water and sewage treatment BOT contracts in Austria. with Porr Infrastruktur being one of the main shareholders in Aquasystems. Maribor is Slovenia‘s second largest city. The sewage treatment plant has a capacity of 16.at Dr. serving the area.aquaplus. The operational contract runs from 2004.3920 Web: www. Aquaplus has two subsidiaries. Kiril Atanasoff-Kardjalieff (Manager) Dr. The wastewater treatment plant has a PE of 100. serving the city of Waidhofen/Thaya. Günter Heisler (General Manager) Dr. 2001 and the facility entered service in September 2003. The contract started in January 2005 and is responsible for the management of the municipal water and sewerage services. Ariwa Abwasserreinigung im Waldviertel GmbH (Ariwa) and Aquasystems and a management contract with VAK Plus. it gained the first sewage treatment BOT in Lower Austria.3917 Fax: Fax: + 43 (0)1 603 10 12 .000 (equivalent to EUR29 per capita pa) and can be expanded to 285.000 PE with a capital cost of EUR4million and an operational period of at least 25 years.000 at a later date. There is an EBRD loan attached to the project. Czech Republic – VAK 2005 Hodonin Management 70. That year. VAK Hodonin was in turn awarded a 30-year concession in 1993. Contact Details Name: Aquaplus Address: Absberggasse 47 A-1103 Vienna. Construction started in June 2000. In 2004. with the municipality commencing payments in March 2003.ariwa. a new water treatment plant entered service at Bzenec. It has been developed to allow Vienna Water to operate in the private sector for BOT contracts in Austria and Central and Eastern Europe. construction) and Österreichische Bundesforeste (33%. Robert Nusser (Manager) 321 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 . Hodonin and Bzenec in Moravia. 1997 Maribor 25-year concession 190. with the pre-treatment phase completed in June 2002 and the facility became fully operational in February 2004. EUR30million investment is needed and the concession project will generate a turnover of EUR8million.

Current expansion targets are Austria and Slovenia.000 for wastewater. As of March 2011. All of Energie‘s water and wastewater interests in Austria were merged into Energie AG Wasser in 2006. From May 2007.6 67.2 2.000 water & sewerage 322 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 .0 105. populations served Country Austria Czech Republic Germany Slovenia Grand Total Slovenia 2009 Varinger Concession 80. In December 2003.000 people in 45 towns. a water transfer project to Burghausen in Bavaria (Germany) is supplying 15. 35% share).000 51.0 2.5 69.000 376.8 128. LWU and WDL supply water to 170.5 2009 1. along with one contract in Germany and is actively seeking to expand into Hungary and the Slovak Republic.6 955.0 118.8 160.000 Total 150.978.7 116. Energie. profit and loss account Y/E 30/09 (EURmillion) Revenues Operating profits Net profits Water – people served Wastewater – people served Water – potable (million m³) Water – waste (million m³) Water – sales Water – operating profit 2006 1.1 68.000 49.000 48.AUSTRIA PART 3 (ii): COMPANY ANALYSIS: LOCAL/REGIONAL PLAYERS ENERGIE AG Energie Oberösterreich AG is the regional power utility serving Upper Austria.000 15.0 2008 1.520. Czech Republic 2010 Rychnov & Kneznou Concession 53.5million m³ of drinking water per year.3 2007 1.1 In Austria.9 64. it is 51% held by the regional government.000 people for water and 698.000 663. with prospects emerging in Hungary and Slovakia at a more leisurely pace.5 27.6 57.000 412.000 44.000 Energie acquired 76% of Varinger VK in 2009.137 people in Austria and the Czech Republic.4 716. Energie.000 793.050. with 49% held by a number of financial and corporate investors in Austria.3million via 31 contracts.4 652.0 107.5 2010 1. the company states that it serves 1.806.9 4. 2000 Beroun Asset ownership 80.000 people with up to 1.000 water Water 170.000 15.050. Revenues in 2009 were EUR6.2 80.095.000 404.1 163.3 5.000 people with drinking water and provided wastewater services for 376.3 934.000 619. a joint venture has been set up between Miskolc‘s MIVIZ Kft and Energie AG Magyarorszag Vizgazdalkodasi Kft to develop contracts in the country.000 Sewerage 0 698.4 114.000 1.1 27.7 43.2 1. At the end of 2008 Energie served 716.000 0 0 698. In Hungary.000 814.141.000 1. Energie AG Wasser holds two companies: OOE Landeswasserversorgungsunternehmen AG (LWU. Energie is concentrating on developing its water activities in Austria and the Czech Republic.0 41.050.3 94.000 water & sewerage 66% of Aqua Servis was acquired in 2010.000 51.9 700. Energie‘s Energie AG Bohemia acquired AWG‘s remaining water interests in the Czech Republic for EUR115million.1 27.000 51. 98% share) and WDL Wasserdienstleistung GmbH (WDL. After a private placement in 2008.000 47.

Boehmerwaldstrasse 3. Contact Details Name: Energie AG Address: PO Box 298. The Vodosopol Klatovy concession is incorporated within 1. CEVAK. 2005 Kolln Concession 51. VAKJC had revenues of EUR38. Beroun is adjacent to 3 Prague. which VE subsequently took full control of.1million in 2006. with revenues of EUR5. VAKJC was privatised in 1994 and AWG of the UK built up a 95. Acquisition of 1.1million in 2006.000 with sewerage through 287 contracts.JVS and VAKJC were merged into a 100% held company.000) and Stod (6. Water is provided to 64. The original concession was granted a 10-year extension in 2000 to 2018.000 people and sewerage for 44. 306.JVS. providing 36million m³ of water. Board of Management) Werner Steinecker (Board of Management) Roland Plumberger (Board of Management) 323 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 . with revenues of EUR4.000 people and sewerage for 45. A further 120. In August 2008.3% of Severomoravske Berounske Vodovy (VaK Beroun) in 2000 and Energie currently holds 59.2% of the entity. Austria.000). A-4021 Linz.1million m of drinking 3 water and treating 4.at Leo Windtner (Chairman.2million m of wastewater.000 people with water and 232. Stary Plznec (6.000 water & sewerage 95% of VS Chrudim was acquired in 2005 and the company was integrated into Energie during 2006. The company had revenues of EUR6. VE sold its stake in the company to Energie.JVS from VE 1999 1999 Ceske Budejovice 3 towns 10+10-year concession 10-year concession 200. 1995 South Bohemia Concession 330. Water is provided to 80. 1. 2005 Chrudim Concession 80.000.JVS and was acquired in December 1999.7million in 2006.000). Web: www. a joint venture originally between VE and SAUR.000.0million in 2006. Revenues in 2008 were EUR31million.000 water & sewerage 100% of VODOS Kolln was acquired in 2005 and the company was integrated into Energie during 2006.000 are served through bulk water supplies. along with the privatisation award for the towns of Susice (12.000 water & sewerage The Ceske contract is operated by 1.2% stake over the next five years and Energie currently holds 98.000 water and sewerage Vodovy a Kanalizace Jizni Cechy (VAKJC) is based in Ceske Budejovice and serves 340 municipalities.2% of the entity. In 2010. providing 3.000 people and sewerage for 34.AUSTRIA PART 3 (ii): COMPANY ANALYSIS: LOCAL/REGIONAL PLAYERS AWG acquired 58.000. Water is provided to 51.000 water & sewerage 20. SBV owns 30% of the asset owning entity.energieag.

000 10.000 people in Gerasdorf. (51% held with Resonáor Kft of Hungary).0 1.14 2009 2.AUSTRIA PART 3 (ii): COMPANY ANALYSIS: LOCAL/REGIONAL PLAYERS EVN AG Energie-Versorgung Niderösterreich (EVN) is the regional power utility serving the province of Lower Austria.36 2007 2.10 207.1 1.6 221. It is also anticipated that the sewerage and wastewater treatment markets will be addressed.1 227.608. In January 2001.39 2008 2.9 1. Russia.000 10. EVN acquired WTE Wassertechnik (WTEW) from Berlinwasser. Lithuania.500 Total 502.000 10.071. against EUR98.760 people in Grossmugl in 2006.2million people in six countries. WTE has built wastewater treatment plants in Germany. EVN has one contract outside Austria. EVN acquired Nösiwag from the state government for EUR87million.000 80.0 1. EVN currently supplies some 41.000m³.000 24.744. EVN has provided the operation of water services to 11.international Grand Total WTE In July 2003. along with 1.09 2010 2. EVN.0 - 2008 24. The fall in EVN Wasser‘s revenues was due to a wetter summer than in 2003. with a storage volume of 197.7 174.000 350.6 By June 2011 EVN Wasser provided water services to 658 municipalities.0 177.7 - 2009 25. two more municipalities have joined and negotiations are underway with a further six.000 21.000 0 0 206. 131 industrial customers are also supplied.000 15.752.2 - 2007 26.500 760.000 699. In June 2002.0 1.000 370.000 24. By 2010.500 people in the region outside its traditional contract partner. Croatia.000 160.000 inhabitants.500 2006 2. EVN aims to expand EVN Wasser across Lower Austria (water supply).450km supply network. 83 water and sewage treatment plants had Water 493.000 2. which operates WWTWs in Wiental.000. profit and loss account Y/E 30/09 (EURmillion) Revenues Net profits Earnings per share (EUR) EVN. Ludweis-Aigen.000 3. or some 500. Since the original contract was signed in 2001.000 105.397. Nösiwag is the second largest Austrian water supplier behind the Vienna waterworks.000 0 0 15.000 3.000 people) in six municipalities in the Dunavarsány region of Hungary.727. ENV now provides water and wastewater services to 1.000 430. DTV Rt. Großmugl and Niederhollabrunn in lower Austria.6 - 2010 26. From October 2005. Bosnia. providing water and wastewater services for 3. EVN acquired 50% of Wiental-Sammelkanal (WISAK). With the acquisition of WTE in 2003. Austria and Denmark along with Poland. EVN Wasser‘s 2003/04 revenues were EUR19.9million for WTE.000 Sewerage 9. or around one-third of the Lower Austrian population.000 105.000 350.9 1. along with a planned entry into the end customer market.599.000.0 187.233. Slovenia and the Ukraine. populations served Country Austria Hungary Germany Slovenia Croatia Montenegro Cyprus Russia Turkey Total .100 households (c10. as well as a 1. 51% of its equity is owned by the state government.500 4.4million. other markets in Austria and internationally will be sought. In the longer term.247.500 3. The company has 16 supply areas and 75 reservoirs. Y/E 30/09 (million m ) EVN Water sales EVN Wastewater treated WTE Wastewater treated 3 2006 25.500 760.27 324 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 .000 2.

2002 Windeck 25-year BOOT 21.650 in Germany and 5. is formed by RWE Aqua (48. The plant was refurbished at a cost of EUR12million and redesigned to serve around 9.9million. reducing its COD loading by 91%. The contract involves managing and operating the municipality‘s water and sewerage services. with 11 under construction.100 internationally.116. WTE seeks to operate a BOOT model for construction contracts. involving EUR265million in capital spending. WTE Wassertechnik GmbH (48. with a pre-tax profit of EUR6. 16 are currently managed by WTE with a total PE of 345.5%). handing over the facilities to a local partner after its construction.5million.000 wastewater During 2004. construction and operation of the wastewater treatment plant and the administration facilities.000 sewage treatment Vodice is on Croatia‘s Adriatic coast. During 2007. Austria 2004 Zistersdorf 3+25-year BOT 9.5km). 2003 Langnese-Iglo 14+7-year O&M Industrial wastewater Langnese-Iglo GmbH in Heppenheim operates Europe‘s largest ice cream facility.2million people. This contract was renewed for another 10 years in 2003. with a BOOT contract running to 2003. The WWTW 3 handles 1.000 PE. 325 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 .5%) and the City of Zagreb (3%).000 sewage treatment A 48. Construction began in July 2002 and was completed between April 2004 (mechanical treatment) and October 2006 (biological treatment) with a final PE of 1. The operational contract started in January 2003 and the construction phase was completed in 2005 with EUR37million spent on capital projects. 1993 Altenburg 10+10-year BOOT 60.o (ZOV). serving 16.AUSTRIA PART 3 (ii): COMPANY ANALYSIS: LOCAL/REGIONAL PLAYERS been constructed. construction of the main collecting pipeline (9.o.000 water & sewerage Windeck is in North Rhine Westphalia. with the capacity to serve 1.000 PE municipal wastewater treatment facility and 250km of allied sewerage systems constructed over six years for EUR93million.000 sewerage The city‘s WWTW was constructed in two phases between 1993 and 1995.9million.000 inhabitants.000 sewage treatment This is the largest sewage treatment concession award in central and Eastern Europe to date. Zagrebacke otpadne vode d.8km) and coverage of main drainage canal (5. WTE is the municipality‘s private partner for a 51km sewerage system and a wastewater treatment plant for 20. Croatia 2005 Vodice 23-year DFBOT 10. WTE Austria took over the operation of a wastewater treatment plant and sewerage system in Zistersdorf. The project scope includes design. The concession company. including the construction of 100km of sewerage systems and 21km of water mains a new WWTW.1million for water. 2000 Zagreb 28-year BOT 750. WTE had 2009-10 revenues of EUR179.600m of effluent per day. Lower Austria. This work was completed in 2007 Germany 2000 Hecklingen 30-year BOOT 24.3million people for wastewater and 1. an energy recovery system was developed.

O&M 470.000 water desalination This is for a 40. The O&M element of the contract runs until 2013.AUSTRIA PART 3 (ii): COMPANY ANALYSIS: LOCAL/REGIONAL PLAYERS Russian Federation 1998 Moscow 3 11-year Build. 2009 Limassol 2+20-year DBFO 160.000m³ per day EUR65million WWTW for the Zelenograd area of Moscow. which accommodated 258.5-year build.80 per m³. 2008 Budva 2+10-year DBFO 15.000m per day WWTW covering new housing estates in the district of South Butowo.000 PE sewage treatment A EUR31million 80.000 water desalination The desalination plant built by WTE desalinizacija morske vode d.000 during the tourist season. The concession covers the complete sewerage system.o.000 sewage treatment A WWTW serving the city was developed and operated by WTE. 2006 Laško 25-year BOT 5. BOT contracts for sewerage were gained for the municipalities of Komenda and Bled. 2008 Limassol 2+20-year DBFO 100. 1998 Kranjska Gora 15-year concession 3. Slovenia 2006 Bled 25-year BOT 16. The contract covers the construction of the facility and its operation until 2011. O&M 250.000 sewage treatment The contract is for a facility serving North and South Nicosia which will cost EUR25million to construct and generate revenues of EUR20million.000 sewage treatment The WTE developed plant entered operation in October 2006 and WTE has been awarded a 25-year operations contract.000 wastewater This EUR65million facility has a 135.000m³ per day.000 PE and will enter service in 2014. Cyprus 2010 Nicosia 2+10 year DBO 270. A membrane bioreactor is to be used so that the treated effluent can be used for irrigation. Water will be provided for less than EUR0. 326 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 .o. including a new WWTW.000 PE sewage treatment A 140.000m³ per day desalination plant serving Limassol with an extension option to 60. entered service in 2008.500 sewage treatment This is a tourist area.000 sewage treatment This plant has a pre-treatment facility for brewery wastewater. In 2002. Montenegro 2009 Budva 4+30-year DBFO 80. The facility is designed to serve a peak population of 45. 2000 Moscow 12.000 visitors in 1999.

Contact Details Name: EVN AG Address: EVN Plazt.de Burkhard Hofer (Chairman) Rudolph Gruber (CEO) Peter Layr (Director) 327 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 . Austria. A-2344 Maria Enzersdorf.000.AUSTRIA PART 3 (ii): COMPANY ANALYSIS: LOCAL/REGIONAL PLAYERS Turkey 2007 Istanbul 2+7-year DBO 2.at Web: www. which was completed at the end of 2009.evn.wte.000 sewage treatment The Istanbul Metropolitan City Water and Sewerage Directorate awarded the EUR108million wastewater treatment facility contract to WTE in April 2007. Tel: + 43 2366 200-0 Fax: + 43 2366 200-2030 Web: www.

with the potential of reaching 70.0 13.83 - Tallinna Vesi has 21.4 339.3 777. the company signed a 30-year O&M contract with the city of Maardu (21. In contrast.000 in total). Tallinna Vesi AS.7 114.1 150.3% 51. Water coverage in 2008 was 99% and sewerage coverage 98%.0 14. there are 2% above RPI increases for 2009 and 2010 and rates will rise with inflation thereafter to 2020.1 40.338million (USD75.6 2. Total number served was 430.5 2007 N/A 97. 68% of customers are domestic customers.2 24.ESTONIA PART 3 (ii): COMPANY ANALYSIS: LOCAL/REGIONAL PLAYERS ESTONIA TALLINNA VESI AS United Utilities led a consortium that was awarded the contract for managing Tallinn‘s water and wastewater networks in 2000.5 16.5% which has subsequently been increased to 35.ee Ian Plenderleith (Chairman and CEO) Robert Yuille (COO) Siiri Lahe (CFO) 328 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 .0 165.000 by 2015. The 2005 IPO of Tallinna Vesi saw UU‘s stake fall from 38% to 26.45 2008 193.6% 46. After a rate rise of 6. operating data FY 31/12 Water use (L/cap/day) Water quality compliance Leakage Wastewater treated (million m³) 2006 101.50 2009 211.000 people for water and 35. Expansion has taken place through gaining new service areas near Tallinn.7 12.9 96.3 2009 N/A 99.8 12. Estonia Tel: Fax: Web: +372 6262 200 +372 6262 30 www.000).2 2010 95.4% 49.6 2008 N/A 98. UU and International Water bid EEK1.1 648. In August 2008.9 17. with the aim of 100% coverage by 2012. the first water treatment plant at Ülemiste was built in 1927. 3.80 2007 178.2 7.4 167..000 customer connections including apartment blocks where all people are served through a common metered connection.5 2006 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 693.000 in 2010. 10614 Tallinn.7 120.7% 41. Contact Details Name: AS Tallinna Vesi Address: 10 Ädala Str.779 sewerage connections were made in 2008-10.2 277.8 32.5 140.3% 17.9 152.5 138.6million) for a 50. which along with a second plant built at the site in 1970 provides 90% of the city‘s water.0 1. The city‘s public water supply was first recorded in 1337 and an extant wheel well serving the city dates from 1375.tvesi. in a contract at the time worth USD700million.4 227. Tallinna Vesi serves 21.6% 21.5.0 99.1 121. 20% apartment associations and 12% are commercial customers.89 12.00 2010 207. profit & loss account FY 31/12 (EEKmillion) Water – Private Wastewater – Private Water – Commercial Wastewater – Commercial Water – Outside Wastewater – Outside Total revenues Net Income Earnings per share (EEK) Dividends per share (EEK) Tallinna Vesi.2 719.7% 19.% 46.3%. Services were also extended to Harku and Saue (9.000 for sewerage through these contracts.9 296.40 9.5% 19.80 11.8 13.7 153.3 147.5% above inflation in January 2008.7 120.2 772.0% 17.00 25.4% stake in AS Tallinna Vesi. The city of Tallinn also holds a single Golden Share.3 256.

037million.000.904 connections (35.epcinvestments.000 water management Water 7.7% held by Bouygues‘s Finagestion and 26. see company entry) was part of the Bouygues Group from 1984 to 2004.8million outside Dakar) through its 62.671 in 1996 to 519. the capital city. Côte d’Ivoire 1987 Abidjan 20-year concession 7.000 0 3.000 3. Water produced has increased from 96. In 2007. Sigesa.000 sewerage million water & SODECI is 46% held by Finagestion and has the O&M contract for water and sewerage services for Abidjan.8% by Emerging Capital Partners until November 2009.812 million for water via 670. Total revenues were CFA 65.5million people. United States of America Tel: +1-202-280-6200 Fax: +1-202-331-8255 www.756 in 2010. This is a renewal of the original 1959 concession. Coverage is currently 79% against a contractual target of 85%. ECP‘s Africa Fund I made a USD40million investment in Veolia Water Maroc. Revenues for the water and power activities in Africa were EUR280million in 2008. Turnover was EUR67.5million in 2004.000 3.129 more than in 2009).com Hurley Doddy (Co-CEO) Vincent Le Gennou (Co-CEO) 329 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 .800.000. Connections rose from 241. followed by the sale of all of SAUR‘s activities outside Italy and Africa to PAI in 2004 for EUR1. Contact Details Name: ECP Address: 1602 L Street.000 The contract is for operations and management for water provision services to 54 towns and cities (1. Revenues have increased from CFA44. Contracts in Guinea and the Central African Republic were terminated in 2002 and SAUR withdrew from the Mozambique concession that year. N.sodeci.000.300million in 2004 to CFA73.. Société d‘Aménagement Urbain et Rural (SAUR.000.000 Sewerage 3.000 10.800.973million m³ in 2010.000 Total 7. Bouygues sold its Czech activities to Veolia and South East Water in the UK to Macquarie during 2004. including 154. SAUR‘s South African interests were sold to Cascal (see SembCorp entry). DC 20036. ECP is a US based company which specialises in private equity investments in Africa.575 million in 2010.000 10.com Web: www.800. the holding company for the Italian activities was sold to ACEA in July 2005 and the contract in Mali was terminated that year. 6th Floor Washington.83% stake in Sénégalaise Des Eaux. population served Country Côte d‘Ivoire Senegal Global total Senegal 1996 Urban areas 10+10-year lease 3.800.FRANCE PART 3 (ii): COMPANY ANALYSIS: LOCAL/REGIONAL PLAYERS FRANCE BOUYGUES SA Bouygues is one of the leading French construction companies.151 low income connections serving 1.1million in 2010. when ECP‘s stake was increased to 65% through ECP‘s Africa Fund II.000. Siza Water.320million m³ in 1997 to 146.W. including CFA 36.800. In March 2005. Emerging Capital Partners. The water activities were 70.

732 0.5% holding in Gelsenwasser (See separate entry) was sold to the municipalities of Dortmund and Bochum in August 2003 for EUR835million.753 1.50 2009 79.0 44.091 4.0 29.0 49. two German regional power utilities.0 49. Michaelisdonn Tellingstedt Uetersen Bardowick Bardowick Melbeck Fichtelberg Burgkunstadt Potsdam Bad Segeberg Hildesheim Neumünster Oebisfelde Magdeburg Salzhemmendorf Salzhemmendorf Vienenburg Vienenburg Müden/Aller Müden/Aller Stake 49.N‘s water activities are grouped under E. at a profit of EUR418million.0 49.ON. It is the world‘s largest privately held power utility.307 2.GERMANY PART 3 (ii): COMPANY ANALYSIS: LOCAL/REGIONAL PLAYERS GERMANY E.974 9.746 5.42 2.86 E.0 49. on the order of the German Cartel Commission as a result of its acquisition of Rhurgas due to Gelsenwasser‘s natural gas activities.ON Aqua.0 49.0 49.0 25.0 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 .0 49.ON Energie AG. part of E. EO.0% equity holding level and therefore not consolidated. E.454 5.75 1.0 44.ON was founded in June 2000 through the merger of VEBA and VIAG.7 49.ON‘s 80.07 2.0 25.und Abwassergesellschaft Vienenburg mbH Wasser.394 3.291 8.863 9.828 1.0 49. Michaelisdonn.44 N/A 2007 68.0 49.0 49.0 49.0 35.853 6. Dingen.420 4. along with a significant number of municipal Stadwerkes.0 26.0 49.731 7.ON Aqua has a broad portfolio of water investments. profit and loss account Y/E 31/12 (EURmillion) Turnover Operating profit Net profit Earnings per share (EUR) Dividends per share (EUR) 2006 64.0 49.1 20. This is a tentative list of water and wastewater companies held in 2010: Entity Abwasserbeseitigung Nortorf-Land GmbH Abwasserentsorgung Albersdorf GmbH Abwasserentsorgung Amt Achterwehr GmbH Abwasserentsorgung Bargteheide GmbH Abwasserentsorgung Berkenthin GmbH Abwasserentsorgung Bleckede GmbH Abwasserentsorgung Brunsbüttel GmbH (ABG) Abwasserentsorgung Burg GmbH Abwasserentsorgung Friedrichskoog GmbH Abwasserentsorgung Kappeln GmbH Abwasserentsorgung Kropp GmbH Abwasserentsorgung Marne-Land GmbH Abwasserentsorgung Schladen GmbH Abwasserentsorgung Schöppenstedt GmbH Abwasserentsorgung St.0 49.0 50. GmbH Abwasserentsorgung Tellingstedt GmbH Abwasserentsorgung Uetersen GmbH Abwassergesellschaft Bardowick mbH & Co.ON E. KG Harzwasserwerke GmbH Holsteiner Wasser GmbH Oebisfelder Wasser und Abwasser GmbH Städtische Werke Magdeburg GmbH Wasser GmbH Salzhemmendorf Wasser GmbH Salzhemmendorf Wasser.8 50. 28 water and wastewater entities were held by the company at the end of 2003.0 49.792 7.52 N/A 2008 86. Averlak.0 50.0 49.0 50.und Abwassergesellschaft Vienenburg mbH Wasserkraftnutzung im Landkreis Gifhorn GmbH Wasserkraftnutzung im Landkreis Gifhorn GmbH 330 Location Nortorf Albersdorf Achterwehr Bargteheide Berkenthin Bleckede Brunsbüttel Burg Friedrichskoog Kappeln Kropp Diekhusen-Fahrstedt Schladen Schöppenstedt St.86 2010 92. generally at or below the 50. E.0 49.1 35.0 30.KG Abwassergesellschaft Bardowick Verwaltungs-GmbH Abwassergesellschaft Ilmenau mbH Abwasserwirtschaft Fichtelberg GmbH Abwasserwirtschaft Kunstadt GmbH Energie und Wasser Potsdam GmbH Energie und Wasser Wahlstedt/Bad Segeberg GmbH & Co.0 49.

0 49.com Dr. Contact Details Name: E. Grafenwöhr Grafenwöhr Nentershausen Nentershausen Stake 49. Rbge.8 50.eon.GERMANY PART 3 (ii): COMPANY ANALYSIS: LOCAL/REGIONAL PLAYERS Entity Wasserversorgung Sarstedt GmbH Wasserversorgung Sarstedt GmbH Wasserwerk Gifhorn Beteiligungs-GmbH Wasserwerk Gifhorn Beteiligungs-GmbH Wasserwerk Gifhorn GmbH & Co KG Wasserwerk Gifhorn GmbH & Co KG Wasserwerks-Betriebsgemeinschaft Klein Heidorn GbR Wasserwerks-Betriebsgemeinschaft Klein Heidorn GbR Wasserwirtschafts. Klaus-Dieter Maubach (Director) Dr.und Betriebsgesellschaft Grafenwöhr GmbH Wasserwirtschafts.0 50.0 E. Dr.0 49.0 49. D-40479 Düsseldorf. Johannes Teyssen (Chairman and CEO) Prof.ON-Platz 1.und Betriebsgesellschaft Grafenwöhr GmbH WAZV-Abwasserentsorgung GmbH WAZV-Abwasserentsorgung GmbH Location Sarstedt Sarstedt Gifhorn Gifhorn Gifhorn Gifhorn Neustadt a.8 49.8 49. Germany Tel: +49-211-4579-0 Fax: +49-211-4579-501 Web: www. Neustadt a.0 49.0 49. Rbge. Marcus Schenck (Finance Director) 331 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 .ON Aqua has had a very low key existence since the Gelsenwasser divestiture.0 49.ON Address: E.8 49. Turnover is likely to be in the region of EUR50-100million.

800 84.711.4million people directly.5 64.000. Prices for domestic water remained constant at EUR1.6million through its subsidiary companies.6 220.6 7.5 68.7 N/A 230.7 2008 198.5 158.6 92.000 96.971.3 28.4 2009 211.8 - 2010 221.800 Sewerage 1.GERMANY PART 3 (ii): COMPANY ANALYSIS: LOCAL/REGIONAL PLAYERS GELSENWASSER AG Gelsenwasser is a water supply company operating in North Rhine Westphalia.0 99.800 Water services are via direct water supply on behalf of municipalities. along with a share offering.711. the sale of water to industrial users (mainly in coal mining and steel manufacturing) and the resale of water to neighbouring utilities.59 2010 265. this contract was renewed to 2027. hence the geographic diversification strategy.5 147.5 75.3 403.000 1. Other utilities may also merge with the new grouping. In 1887 it was awarded the contract for the operation of Gelsenkirchen‘s water provision services.000. Household sales are broadly stable or showing a slight decline as water conservation measures gain 3 in popularity.9 411.0 7.000 190.0 66.3 135.800 6.0 702.550.4 98.6 398.3 235.7 63.3 144.800 7.37 per m between 1997 and 3 2006.7 396. populations served Country Germany Hungary Czech Republic Poland France Algeria Total – international Grand Total Water 4.5% stake in Gelsenwasser was sold to the municipalities of Bochum and Dortmund for EUR835million in 2003. In 1997.7 260. In December 2007.9 293.9 1.000 by 2015.5 71.5 29.000 96.5 102.000 1.711.6 100.800 84.16 2008 248.5 2007 198. Gelsenwasser.000.5million people via other water suppliers and 2.000 460.9 3.000 1.7 - 332 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 .870.4 291.9 68.2 236.0 88.1 75.000 190.4 379.5 75.7 137.0 148.7 471. and until the privatisation of Berlin Water.000 460.16 The population of the company‘s core operating area is forecast to fall by 350.5 96.800 75.720.0 7.3 89.1 1.5 36.3 1.000 460. profit and loss account Y/E 31/12 (EURmillion) Water Wastewater Gas Revenues Operating profits Net profits Earnings per share (EUR) 2006 210.4 70.5 38.82 2007 249.0 9.0 8.0 238.3 1.7 46.4 236.000 1.000 1. was the largest and oldest water company in Germany.8 399.6 255. Gelsenwasser.4 7.ON‘s 80.150.700.5 36.9 188.7 395.9 11.56 per m . Gelsenwasser AG.0 673.9 292.000 1.000 190.4 74. Dortmunder Energie und Wasserversorgung and Stadwerke Bochum unveiled plans to merge by the end of 2009.800 Total 5. Y/E 31/12 (million m pa) Gelsenwasser AG VGW NGW Gelsenwasser Group Sales to industrial customers Sales to domestic customers Sales to other utilities Total sales Wastewater treatment: 3 Overall (million m ) Overall (revenues) 3 2006 195.16 2009 267.000 96. 1.8 71. Gelsenwasser serves 400 industrial customers and 1.8 130.3 42.7 7. The company is developing its presence in the Eastern Länder and central and Eastern Europe. when they were increased to EUR1. E.800 2.3 401.

0 2009 12. with one sewage treatment work construction project awarded and 2010 revenues of EUR12. External contract renewals included the Münster municipal utilities (until 2020) and with Wasserversorgung Herne (160. 49. Gelsenwasser gained 49% of Stadtentwässerung Dresden GmbH.6million m over the next two decades.3 9. Wasserbeschaffung Mittlere Ruhr GmbH (WMR). Contracts with industrial customers involving a total supply volume of 20million m³ were extended. NGW was acquired in 1973.9% of Osmo GmbH.000 people. the company believes that in Western Germany it has suffered from the fiscal discrimination against awarding service contracts to the private sector. The city of Emmerich-on-Rhine holds 50. Stadtentwässerung Dresden GmbH acquired two sewage treatment management contracts serving Pirna and Heidenau in Saxony covering 70. in total a water supply volume of 6.9% of the shares in Technische Werke Emmerich am Rhein GmbH (TWE) were acquired. Water is supplied by Gelsenwasser‘s Essen plant and Wasserbeschaffung Mittlere Ruhr GmbH‘s Stiepel waterworks. serving 275.187 people served in 2009.9 2008 12.4million m³ for 92. AWS is still at the start up stage. AWS Abwassersysteme GmbH (AWS) specialises in sewerage contracts.8 333 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 . Gelsenwasser (51% stake) took over the operations of Abwassergesellschaft Gelsenkirschen GmbH in April 2004. which is responsible for the operation of the city of Gelsenkirchen‘s sewage disposal operations. VGW supplies water to 152. Bochum WMR is jointly held (50% each) by Stadtwerke Bochum GmbH (commercial management) and Gelsenwasser (technical management) under a 1971 agreement covering water supply to the city of Bochum and Gelsenwasser‘s supply territories south of the River Ruhr. near Berlin.6 Wasserversorgung Herne GmbH (WVH). Three water supply contracts with different utilities were also extended: Lünen until 2023.0 2007 11. the contract was renewed for a further 30 years.9 28. In 2010 the company acquired 64. This represents a return to the company‘s origins.4 28.GERMANY PART 3 (ii): COMPANY ANALYSIS: LOCAL/REGIONAL PLAYERS Gelsenwasser has three main 100% held subsidiaries involved in water and sewerage service provision.000 people. contract running until 3 2036). securing an annual sales volume of 30.500 customers.4 9. which provides water to 43.5 2006 17. Werl until 2015 and Stadtwerke Münster for a further 16 years. these four towns represent 16% of Gelsenwasser‘s population base. which runs the waste-water operations for the state capital of Saxony. handling all aspects of the city‘s water cycle.5 2007 17. the Datteln and Oer-Erkenschwick concessions were both extended until 2028. TWE operates the 223km of sewerage pipes and the sewage treatment plant in the city of Emmerich-on-Rhine. In August 2004.8 8.1 2009 16.8 27. while VGW was incorporated by Gelsenwasser in 1968. In 2005. Vereinigte Gas und Wasserversorgung GmbH (VGW) and Niederrheinische Gas und Wasserwerke GmbH (NGW). along with a contract with Werl until 2015 and with Wickede until 2029. the 120-year partnership with Castrop-Rauxel was extended until 2028 along with the contract with Marl until 2030. which operate in Gelsenwasser‘s region.0 2006 11.7 30.2 2008 17. With 480. FY 31/12 (EURmillion) Sales 3 Water provision (million m ) 2005 16.4 9.500 people in Oranieburg. FY 31/12 (EURmillion) Sales 3 Water provision (million m ) 2005 11.000 people in four municipalities. 2010 revenues were EUR 69. Along with Nordkirchen and Welver.000 inhabitants around 26million m³ of wastewater will be disposed of. Herne The company (50% held by Gelsenwasser and 50% Stadtwerke Herne AG) was formed in 1961 after Gelsenwasser had provided water to the municipality for some decades via franchise contracts.5million. Otherwise.8million. In 2006. In August 2004. In 2006.6 30.8 9. In 2006.1% of the shares.

9 2. Lilienthal and Oyten) Achim in the surrounding area. Schwanewede.8 15.000 people in small and medium sized municipalities in 2007.0 2.3 2008 46.9million m of wastewater was treated in 1999.000 water & wastewater 2007 17. Ritterhude. a 20-year contract was gained for supplying 1.000 households in Bochum and Hamm.4 8. Ergste. serving DEW in Westhofen. FY 31/12 (EURmillion) Sales 3 Water provision (million m ) 2006 4.9 110 2007 46.7 2009 44. and Halingen. FY 31/12 (EURmillion) Sales 3 Water provision (million m ) 3 Wastewater treated (million m ) Hungary 2001 Miskloc 20-year concession 190. a municipal water utility serving the municipality of Bremen. a 49%:51% joint venture with Stadtwerke Bremen AG.6 In August 2001. The contract is designed as an open option for further expansion.6 2.8 7.9% stake in Abwasser Bremen GmbH. France 2007 Nantes Leases 460.2 7.2 103.2million people in 400. 43. It serves 360. which serves its 550. By the end of 2010.9 2.1 Wasserwerke Westfalen GmbH (WWW). Villigst.000 water & wastewater Nantaise des Eaux was established as a company in 2001 and became a 60% held subsidiary of Gelsenwasser in 2007. Iserlohn and Sendenhorst.0 2010 5. 334 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 . with a focus on western France. The network has 160.GERMANY PART 3 (ii): COMPANY ANALYSIS: LOCAL/REGIONAL PLAYERS Wasserversorgung Voerde GmbH (WVV).6 7.7 2010 24.000 people after contract gains in Guadeloupe (9.5 2010 46. Dortmund Formed in 2000 as a joint venture (50% each) between Gelsenwasser and Dortmunder Energie.4 2008 4. Drinking water is sourced exclusively from NGW's Bucholtwelmen Waterworks. it served 460.4 2007 5. paying the city DEM708million to use the sewerage and sewage treatment network. Hanse Wasser gained a 74. Gelsenwasser formed Hanse Wasser GmbH. FY 31/12 (EURmillion) Sales 3 Water provision (million m ) 2006 43. The municipality holds 51% and an annual turnover of DEM12million is anticipated.2 2008 19..5 105.9 Gelsenwasser holds 49% of the equity of Borsodviz Rt. the regional utility providing water and wastewater services to 109 municipalities in Miskloc in the Borsod region.000 connections and is served by two tertiary level treatment plants: Seehausen purification plant (serving a population equivalent of 1million) and Farge (population equivalent of 3 150.9 7. Echthausen. Voerde A 1994 joint venture (50% each) between NGW and the municipality.8 5. providing water to 15.7 2.000 customers) and Seine-et-Marne (17.000 customers) in 2010.1 2009 4.000). Hanse Wasser In 2000.0 2.000 people in the City of Bremen and 150.721 customers in Voerde.und Wasserversorgung GmbH (DEW). and Hengsen and for Gelsenwasser in Witten.4 104.8 104.0 2009 20. Wasserwerke Westfalen GmbH (WWW) abstracts and Gelsenwasser (50%) with Dortmunder Energie und Wasserversorgung GmbH (50%) distribute 3 the water.000 (Lemwerder. Up to 120million m of water pa is delivered from eight waterworks along the River Ruhr.

9 2.5 2008 287.000m pa.3 0. 335 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 . which provides water.4 0. A new wastewater treatment plant entered service in 2003.000 people.000 water & wastewater 2005 48.300m per day tertiary wastewater treatment plant running from the plant entering service at the end of 2004.7 5.9 5. wastewater and heating services to 9.6 2007 26.2 5.5 2004 13.39 2009 49.9 0. There is an option to extend this to other facilities.4 5. The company provides water and sewerage services to Cheb. The contract was renewed in 2004. It was founded in 1994 and NGW acquired its stake in 1998.49 2006 56.5-year management 1. 50% of KMS‘s shares are held by the municipality. FY 31/12 (CZKmillion) Sales 3 Water provision (million m ) 3 Wastewater treated (million m ) 2005 267. Grenzach: A ten-year contracting agreement to supply desalinated industrial process water to the Rhineland facility was signed in 2003. PwiK acquired 85% of PWKiC. FY 31/12 (PLZmillion) Sales 3 Water provision (million m ) 3 Wastewater treated (million m ) Czech Republic NGW holds 30. 30km from Glogowie.25 0.GERMANY PART 3 (ii): COMPANY ANALYSIS: LOCAL/REGIONAL PLAYERS Poland 2002 Glogowie 20-year concession 75.28 0.000 water & wastewater 46% of PwiK w Glogowie Sp zoo (PwiK) was acquired in 2002.29 0. with an investment of EUR4million and total revenues of EUR9million. with the remainder being held by local municipalities.6 5.2 5. Krupp Thyssen Nitrosda.s. AWS was commissioned to build and operate a 3 demineralisation plant with a capacity of 110. FY 31/12 (CZKmillion) Sales 3 Water provision (million m ) 3 Wastewater treated (million m ) Algeria 2008 Annaba & El Tarif 5. Two 4m per hour wastewater treatment plants 3 (0.2 3. A new contract signed in 2004 increased total revenues to EUR17million pa. covering 40m per hour of waste.2 2. Thyssen Krupp Steel AG.6 4.45 2008 52.32 The contract for the newly established company is worth EUR23million. The contract will run for 10 years. NGW acquired 50% of KMS Kraslickla Mestska Spolecnost s. 3 Agust Storck KG. Mariánské Lázne.6 2007 281. Bochum: In 2006. with a 30 year lease covering 9.8 2005 18.0 2.4 2009 299.000. the holding company serving Przemkov.28 0. Düsseldorf: Operation pilot plants for the advanced treatment of paper manufacturing wastes generated at the Stora Reishoz facility and chemical manufacturing wastes for the Henkel facility.000 people in the town of Kraslice.8 2.7 2006 272.9 2. Ash..800).31 0. Halle/Westphalia: 10-year BO for a 1.7million m pa) are operated.o. Industrial water and wastewater services Rhur Oel.4 0.3 2. Gelsenkirschen: A ten-year lease contract with Rhur Oel GmbH and Veba Oel 3 Verabeitungs-GmbH was signed in July 2002. Düsseldorf: Operation of a pilot plant for the dewatering of slurry from the 3 company‘s speciality steel production unit.2 2. near Pilsen.7 2009 27.0 5.7 2008 23. Ciba Speciality Chemicals. Henkel and Stora Enso.r.8 2.2 0.8 5.8 2.58% of Chevak Cheb a. Františkovy Lázne and surrounding municipalities (total population 87.0 5.49 2007 50.7 In 1999.

This plant handles about 0.8million m sewage annually..GERMANY PART 3 (ii): COMPANY ANALYSIS: LOCAL/REGIONAL PLAYERS Rudolph Wild GmbH & Co. Contact Details Name: Gelsenwasser AG Address: Willy-Brandt-Allee 26. 45891 Gelsenkirschen.de Dr Manfred Scholle (Chairman) Dr-Ing Bernhard Hörsgen (Management Board) 336 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 .gelsenwasser. Eppelheim: A long-term contract was gained in 2006 for the 3 management of the sewage treatment plant near Heidelberg. Germany Tel: + 49 209 7080 Fax: + 49 209 708 650 Web: www.

276 21 201 50 0.4% holding) power and gas services contract. 68159 Mannheim. Contact Details Name: MVV Energie AG Address: Luisenring 49. 26. district heating and mass transit services.900 people in Buchen and there are plans to extend water services to surrounding municipalities.48 2010 100 3. Including these activities.1% holding) provides water services to 15.636 10 337 170 2. 62% of MVV is now held by the municipality and 15% by Rhurgas AG.60 2009 101 3. In January 2004.96 2008 102 2.000 people in Germany. The company provides water and sewerage services to 3 3 320.000 615. a subsidiary of the American electric power concern TXU.. Revenues rose from EUR336million in 2004/05 to EUR370million in 2005-06 with operating profits of EUR35million. waste-to-energy.000 In April 2004. 90% of revenues are accounted for by direct contracts with 30 municipalities. The Stadwerke Ingolstadt Beteiligungen (48. 3 53. Federal Republic of Germany Tel: +49 621 29 00 Fax: +49 621 2860 Web: www. 48. profit and loss account Y/E 31/09 (EURmillion) Water turnover Group turnover Water operating profit Group operating profit Group net income Earnings per share (EUR) 2006 107 2.9million m of water was sold in 2009-10. energy. Stadwerke Kiel generated revenues of EUR292million in 2002 for a range of utility services and net earnings of EUR23. MVV provides water services to 375. As well as water.000 people in the city.91 2007 104 2. 83% to domestic customers.8% stakes in Energieversorgung Offenbach AG (Offenbach in the state of Hesse) and Stadtwerke Solingen GmbH (Solingen in North Rhine-Westphalia) have been acquired. Kiel is the capital of Schleswig-Holstein.mvv-energie.GERMANY PART 3 (ii): COMPANY ANALYSIS: LOCAL/REGIONAL PLAYERS MVV AG Mannheimer Versorgungs und Verkehrsgesellschaft mbH (MVV) was corporatised in 1974 and partially floated in 1998. The free float was increased from 12% to 25% through increasing the company‘s issued equity in 2005. which covers 96.000 people within the city of Mannheim and adjacent municipalities.44 Since 2000.de Dr Georg Muller (CEO) Dr Werner Dub (Board) Hans-Jürgen Farrenkopf (Board) 337 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 . a subsidiary of Saudi Arabia‘s Amiantit. Stadwerke Buchen (25. Private and business customers accounted for 82% of 2007-08 revenues.5million.359 13 239 95 1. breakdown of 2007-08 water revenues (EURmillion) Contracts Energie (Mannheim) Investments Water revenues 53 49 % 52% 48% Population served 375.259 19 215 109 1. was extended to cover water provision during 2004. In June 2003 Energieversorgung Offenbach gained a 25-year O&M contract for water and wastewater operations for the parish of Mainhausen in the border region between the states of Hesse and Bavaria. MVV provides gas.000 people in Bavaria. MVV now provides water and wastewater services to approximately 990.8million m pa for water (1999) and 23million m pa for wastewater. MVV. with the remaining 10% through sales to other water companies.161 14 239 98 1. MVV. MVV sold its 33% stake in AquaMundo to Inframan. MVV Energie acquired 51% of Stadwerke Kiel from TXU Germany Ltd.

with 450. it started concentrating on waste collection. which took over the water and sewerage operations of GorVodokanal in January 2010 and serves 120.000 120.000 people) was gained in 2004.000m per day entered service in 2007 at a cost of EUR10million.000 5. Since the beginning of 2002. Remondis has managed the wastewater management system for the city of Bremerhaven as a Public Private Partnership. Renamed Remondis. thus being one of the first Public Private Partnerships.000 people. A contract serving Amseldorf and adjoining towns was awarded in 2008 serving 20. 48. serving 219. Remondis holds 75% of the venture.9% held.000. population equivalent: 612. A contract for sewerage management in Frechen (Stadtbetrieb Frechen. Management of Wirtschaftsbetriebe Oberhausan started in 1996 and Remondis controls 49% of the entity.000m of water being provided per annum (1.000 people). North RhineWestphalia.000 people).000m of wastewater each day.000 120. from the operation of the water treatment and sewage treatment plants and the canalisation network to invoicing the final consumers. treating more than 1.000 338 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 .000 20. Remondis remains under the control of the Rethmann family and has revenues of EUR5.500 connections. This is for a small town. From the 1960s.000 people). 74. Russia – a municipal PPP Remondis Arzamas Service has been set up to serve the city of Arzamas some 400km east of Moscow. EUR21million will be invested in the 3 entity which supplied 13.000m per annum (15.250m per day) through a 350km distribution system. MAN.000 5. Remondis took over the management of water and sewerage services for 200.000 Total 950.000 people in Tettau and the Lausitz region of Brandenburg.GERMANY PART 3 (ii): COMPANY ANALYSIS: LOCAL/REGIONAL PLAYERS REMONDIS Remondis was founded by Josef Rethmann in 1934 as a haulage company in Selm.000 0 490.000.000 people 2. 3 handling up to 60. Spain.000 with sewerage in Oberhausen.000 4. populations served Country Germany Poland Russia Turkey Grand Total Germany – five municipal contracts The Wesendorf local authorities assigned operation of their sewage treatment plant to Remondis in 3 1982. Rethmann Wasserwirtschafts GmbH acquired an equity participation in Gotha municipal services company. A new water treatment works 3 with a capacity of 23. with 10. In 1998. BASF and the Humana Group. Remondis has been involved in wastewater treatment services since 1982.000 4. serving customers including Lorenz Snack-World.5million m of water in 2009 and has 16.9% of Zaklad Gospodarki Komunalnej i Mieszkaniowej (ZGKiM Sp. zoo) the water company serving Drobin. Wasserverb and Lausitz. becoming one of Germany‘s leading municipal waste management companies by the 1990s.2million m of municipal and industrial wastewater a year (15. Stadtwirtschaft Gotha GmbH is responsible for the entire water supply and sewage disposal system (150. The plant has a capacity of 300. Poland – two municipal contracts In 2006. Remondis Aqua operates industrial water and wastewater contracting work in Germany.3billion.6million will be made between 2007 and 2010.090.000 people.000) and 600km of sewers.070. Remondis is responsible for the operation of two sewage treatment plants (2003. Water 350. In 2007. Investments of EUR0.000 3 3 households. but traditionally this was a low key adjunct of its waste management activities. Remondis acquired 49.000 20. Remondis took over the operation of the sewage treatment plant for the 3 city of Genthin in 1992. 40% held by Remondis.000 Sewerage 950. Remondis Aqua. Poland and Turkey. the company operates in 14 countries including water and wastewater operations in Germany.000 20.000 120.

S. 0. Contact Details Name: Remondis AG & Co KG Address: Brunnenstraße 138. Fethiye. Remondis established a joint venture with the Turkish company. The total initial investment in these facilities was EUR145million. Wheels India. Bursa (two plants. Remondis Aqua GmbH took over the management of a wastewater treatment and energy recovery facility owned by Deprovesa Wild. Remondis-Sistem Yapi A. India – strategic acquisition In 2009. Turkey – Joint venture In December 2006. Sistem Yapi is part of the Sistem Group which has an annual turnover of EUR56million. D-44536 Lünen Federal Republic of Germany Tel: +49(0)2306 Fax: 49(0)2306 Web: www. Remondis Aqua acquired Shrushti Consultants.900 customers through five water treatment works. Director) 339 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 . Izmir.de Ludger Rethmann (Spokesman.remondis. with a PE of 1.GERMANY PART 3 (ii): COMPANY ANALYSIS: LOCAL/REGIONAL PLAYERS A contract to supply water and wastewater services to 10.500. Balikesir and Malatya. along with a central wastewater treatment works. Sistem Yapi A.000 people in Toszek in Silesia was gained 3 in 2007. Clients include Tata. Volkswagen India.3million m of water pa is provided to 1. The company provides water and wastewater management services to nine industrial clients and two municipal clients.. Serco Tools India and Kalyani Thermal Systems. based in Pune. operates nine wastewater treatment plants in the cities of Antalya. The BOT contract will run for fifteen years with anaerobic pre-treatment of the wastewater which will generate biogas as a natural gas substitute. Netherlands – Industrial wastewater In 2009.000). Remondis took over the treatment of effluents generated by Akzo Nobel at the Rotterdam Botlek Chemical Park on a long term basis. treating wastewater from around 4million inhabitants.S. (Remondis International 51%/Yapi 49%). REMONDIS Spain – Industrial wastewater In 2006.000 and 650.

7million m along with 20. water Contact Details Name: EYDAP Address: 156 Oropu Street.0% 2010 426. Mandra. EYDAP. EYDAP provides water to 4.3 0.3 0.29 2009 250.2 25. In 2011 it was announced that a further stake sale would take place as part of the Government‘s austerity programme.7 110.9 386.111 46.9 19.6 99. To date. The municipal network of Nea Peramos was acquired in 2007 and that serving Agios Panteleimonas will be acquired in 2009.2 43.6million m for municipalities and 3 19. water 23.05 2010 243.7%.41 2008 275.497 metered connections. In each case EYDAP is to develop a sewerage network for the municipality.8million m in 2010. Agios Stefanos. Greece. EYDAP was partly floated in January 2000.2 403. profit & loss account Y/E 31/12 (EURmillion) Revenues – water Revenues – sewerage Revenues . 2003 2003 Aspropyrgos Elephsina EUR2.0 1.0% of the company's shares and the Agricultural Bank of Greece a further 10.2 0.0 53.75million EUR1. Athens.3million people and sewerage services to 3.4 115.941.2% of the company's equity was sold at that time.000.3 1.1 12.GREECE PART 3 (ii): COMPANY ANALYSIS: LOCAL/REGIONAL PLAYERS GREECE ATHENS WATER SUPPLY AND SEWERAGE COMPANY SA The Athens Water Supply and Sewerage Company SA (EYDAP) dates back to the Greek water Company (EEY) formed in 1926.80million 31.7 0. The state retains responsibility for bulk water provision to the company and for its storm 3 sewerage services.0 22.4% being acquired by EYDAP‘s staff and the Greek Government retaining 61.8 31. 28. Water sales to domestic customers were for 208. Galatsi. no contract awards have been noted.eydap.000. In July 2002. In April 2005.9 362.31 2007 275. with bulk 3 3 sales to municipalities accounting for 67.6 388.7million m for industrial customers.gr Themistoklis Lekkas (Chairman) Nikolaos Bardis (CEO) Konstantinos Galantis (Networks) Evangelia Kakou (FD) 340 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 .7% 2007 428. Tel: +30-10-214-4444 Fax: +30-10-214-4159 Web: www. Y/E 31/12 (EURmillion) 3 Water distributed (million m ) Unaccounted for water 2006 413.7 115.0 8. with 1.11 EYDAP has a 20-year concession with the Government for the provision of water and sewerage services. the company entered into a partnership with Veolia Water to discuss joint approaches for gaining water and wastewater contracts in the Mediterranean and Balkan regions.construction Turnover Operating profits Net profit Earnings per share (EUR) 2006 259.4 63.7 22. EYDAP acquired water systems serving two neighbouring municipalities.0 20.2 55.3 379. Kryoneri.5 11.5million people in Athens and its suburbs via 1.2% 2009 425.6 22.1 33.0 39. this venture was named Attika. Networks at Keratea.924.8 118.2 19.9 5.628 metered connections and sewerage for 1. Halandri and Maroussi are under consideration.6% 2008 440.3 0.4% In the final quarter of 2003.

1 0.342 26% of the company‘s shares were sold to investors in September 2001. During the summer.396 2010 47. established in 1970). a part of Greece that has suffered from poor water levels. 30% from the state and 10% being internally funded. (EYATH) serves 850. since 2002 a banded tariff structure has been introduced that allows for improved returns for the company.7 16.1 16.gr Konstantaninos Kamakas (Chairman and President) Nikolaos Papadakis (MD) Maris Samaras (FD) 341 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 .2 0.0 12.9 23. 70% of water is sold to domestic customers. along with selling bulk water to surrounding municipalities.417 2009 52. tariffs were reduced by 4% for 88% of the company‘s customers and have been frozen.eyath.5 24.9 6.1 19.6 3.6 0.4 0.0 66.GREECE PART 3 (ii): COMPANY ANALYSIS: LOCAL/REGIONAL PLAYERS THESSALONIKI WATER & SEWERAGE The Thessaloniki Water Supply and Sewerage Co. Contact Details Name: Thessaloniki Water Supply and Sewerage Co. (EYATH) Address: Melenikou & Engatias127. profit & loss account Y/E 31/12 (EURmillion) Water revenues Sewerage revenues Other water sales Other sewerage sales Turnover Operating profit Net profit Earnings per share (EUR) 2006 38.0 77. In July 2009. while rewarding households that use less water.0 0.343 2008 N/A N/A N/A N/A 75.000m and as a result.0 0.4 15. with 60% of its capital spending funding coming from the EU‘s Cohesion Fund.4 0.0 13. Suez Environnement already holds 5% of the company.2 19.3 2. In 2011 it was announced that a further stake sale would take place as part of the Government‘s austerity programme. Greece Tel: +30 23 10 209231 Fax: +30 23 10 250642 Web: www. compared with an availability of 250.0 71. EYATH remains under state control.266 2007 41.000m . which was formed in 1888. the Government announced that it is seeking to sell 23% of EYATH for EUR59million (based on the share price at the time) via an international tender and to retain a 51% stake in the company.6 14.8 12. EYATH.5 70. average daily consumption is 3 3 280.9 20.4 20. EYATH is situated in Central Macedonia. The company dates back to the Ottoman Water Company of Thessaloniki.000 in the city of Thessaloniki. The EUR17million raised from the listing was partly used to finance upgrading and modernisation of the water and sewerage network.4 0. Thessaloniki. EYATH (EYAΘ) was formed in 1998 through the merger of the city‘s Water Supply Company (OYΘ.9 9.1 7. established in 1939) and the Sewerage Company (OAΘ. In 2009.9 0.

730 70 43 10 6.623 24 6. The company‘s Verziano (Brescia) and Bergamo wastewater treatment works have a respective treatment capacity of 590. ASM acquired the water and wastewater activities of Valgas and ASVT.Operations) 2007 23 5.a2a.000 3 people in 49 communes.067 water customers in 2010.9% of the new ACSM–AGAM entity (see company entry). ASM merged with the Municipality of Bergamo‘s Bergamo Ambiente Servizi (BAS). Water is not seen as a strategic priority for the group at present.0% being held by external investors.452 183. with Milan holding 27. There were 63.10 2009 323.401 609 80 0.000 and wastewater treatment for 170. with sewerage for 183.270 for sewerage and 152.000 people in Varese.000 people.422 163.464 178. Address: 25124 Brescia. 90% of Apen SpA was acquired in 2009. Azienda dei Servizi Municipalizzati (ASM) Brescia was founded in 1908 by the city‘s municipality.Water supply Total turnover Operating income Net income Earnings per share (EUR) 2007 numbers are pro forma A2A also holds 21.175 684 521 0.890 69 13 5.041 498 308 0.3million m of water to 513. providing 31million m of water. A2A Ciclo Idrico manages all of the water activities inherited from ASM. ASM provided 51. which sold 28% of its shares in July 2002.139 for sewerage and 17. while treating 36.000 PE.408 169. Investments were EUR23million in 2010. In 2003. The remainder are held by the local commune and some related entities.000. 55million m of sewerage collected and 3 54million m of effluents treated. profit and loss account Y/E 31/12 (EURmillion) Customers served – water Customers served – sewerage Customers served – sewage treatment 3 Water distributed (million m ) Revenues – Water supply EBITDA .000 water and sewerage 3 3 3 customers.000 PE and 250.3million m of sewage effluent. Since January 2011. There were 52. In 2006. In Brescia. In 2010. collecting 17million m of sewage and treating 9million m of sewage in 2004.787 169.5% of the combined entity. In 2004.ITALY PART 3 (ii): COMPANY ANALYSIS: LOCAL/REGIONAL PLAYERS ITALY A2A SPA A2A is a northern Italian energy utility. BAS has 44.17 2008 289. A2A. along with 16. Brescia holding 27.0% and the remaining 38.000 customers.10 342 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 . the population equivalent of 3 3 434.03 2010 327.5%.634 customers for water provision in Varese. Contact Details Name: A2A Spa Via Lamarmora 230.378 170.094 699 316 0.eu Giuliano Zuccoli (Chairman & President) Paulo Rossetti (Managing Director . Water supply services have been offered since 1933 and 3 wastewater and sewerage since 1995. Italy Tel: +390-303-5531 Fax: +390-303-553204 Web: www. along with 167. 86million m of water was provided. there were 211. In 2001. the entity‘s Varese Risorse provides water to 60. water was supplied to 330. Much of the increase has been due to mergers in 2003 and 2004. Amongst other services.025 for sewage treatment. Bergamo 2.751 water customers in Bergamo.705 for sewage treatment. adding approximately 50. In 2008 it acquired ASM Brescia.000 people to the number served at the time of its partial privatisation.

Legano.9 22.7 0.25 2009 81.983 30.1 44. performing its activities in 10 municipalities in part of the Bacchiglione water district: Piove di Sacco. APGA had revenues of EUR10. Trieste & Muggia (2027). Overall domestic water volumes were 3 53.5 477. Codevigo.5 18.5 393.648 86.3 578.121 252.257 208.7 220. Currently.6 0. and Polverara. Arzergrande.5 22.0 41.8 0. gas and water services. 34123 Trieste.6% held by Acegas-Aps Holding and 37.184 people.0 31. Acegas announced that it would be acquiring APGA (Azienda Piovese Gestione Acque) which provides integrated water services. The Commune of Trieste reduced its holding from 99.4million m of water to 226.551 91.257 in 2010.32 2007 63.6 13. Sant Angelo di Piove de Sacco. Polverana.7 506. providing electricity.1 48.99% to 54. Water services were taken on by APS‘s predecessor in 1891 and by 1929 in Acegas‘s case. Contact Details Name: Acegas-Aps Address: Via Maestri del Lavaro 8.920 109. Arzergrande. Pontelongo.961 43. Legnaro.000 people are served with water by Acegas and 301.046 44.760 25.000 in Padova. 231. Acegas merged with APS the ATO Bacchiglione serving the province of Padova.it Massimo Paniccia (President) Cesare Pillon (CEO) Manlio Romanelli (VP. 470.3million m against 53. Finance) Trieste 230. Codevigo. Cona.201 142.1 41. The combined entity serves 1million people in 144 municipalities and communes.665 56.1 120.0 44.5 99. Correzzola. the enlarged 3 3 company treated 94.92% after its IPO in February 2001.9 0.301 18.4 Padova 301.4 437.9 10.5million m of water and provided 60.ITALY PART 3 (ii): COMPANY ANALYSIS: LOCAL/REGIONAL PLAYERS ACEGAS-APS Acegas is the city of Trieste‘s municipal services company.296 94. Water – people supplied Water – customers Water – domestic customers Water – other customers 3 Water supplied (million m ) Sewerage customers Sewage treated (million m³) Acquisition of APGA In July 2007.3 17. In 2006. profit and loss account Y/E 31/12 (EURmillion) Water & wastewater revenue Water & wastewater operating profit Revenues Operating profit Net profit Earnings per share (EUR) 2006 60.0 Total 532. Pontelongo. A merger with Pavoda‘s APS was completed in 2003. Italy Tel: +390-40-77931 Fax: +390-40-7793427 Web: www.000 customers. Sant‘Angelo di Piove. Piove di Sacco.000 people.1million in 2006 and serves 100.19 2010 87. The company seeks to compete for water and wastewater concessions in other ATOs as the market liberalises. Service concession renewal dates are as follows: Abano Terme (2015). Acegas-Aps is 62. Brugnie. EUR250million was allocated to developing the water and waste activities for 2008-10 in 2008.9 in 2009.40 In 2003.3% by external investors.1 0.76 2008 70.4 343 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 .acegas-aps. Acegas-Aps.250 50. Padova (2028). Brugine.706 117. The total number of water customers was 252. Correzola and Cona (2030).

9% by Iren Acqua Gas.291 from 149 contracts.3 2010 56.3 266. Italy. operating in Palmero) and ABM Next (45% held.8 -6.1 -4.6 264. Acque Potabili Siciliane (57%.6 -8.04 2007 54.6 1.9 -0. due to the transfer of contracts from Italgas.7 2. in addition to the regional capital.000 people) in 2001.367 108 10 2009 80. an increase of 128.ITALY PART 3 (ii): COMPANY ANALYSIS: LOCAL/REGIONAL PLAYERS ACQUE POTABILI SPA Condotta di Acque Potabili (SAP) is 30.2 260. Acquedotto di Savona (founded in 1888 and 100% held by SAP since 1953. Mantova. Turin & Novara.8 In December 2006 a 30-year concession for the integrated water service in the Palermo Province (ATO1) was assigned to Società Acque Potabili Spa. the management of which is safeguarded under AMAP Spa. the number of customers was 240.9 240. operating in Savona).0 -0.it Dr Luigi Luzzati (Chairman) Dr Ing Paulo Romano (Vice Chairman / CEO) 344 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 . Aosta. based in Bergamo). for a total of 1. The company was founded in 1852 for water provision to parts of the city of Turin.5 -0. It appears the company has not been able to retain or renew a number of contracts in recent years. Acque Potabili has four operating subsidiaries: Acquedotto Monferrato (founded in 1930 and 100% held by SAP since 2002. There were 291. profit & loss account Y/E 31/12 (EURmillion) Group turnover Operating profit Net income Earnings per share (EUR) 2006 53.04 2008 54.197 over the 2000 figure.8 -0.1 240. In 2010. 81 municipalities.9 1.267 107 12 2007 85.991 customers (950.733 105 8 2010 74. as the number of customers served in 2008 was stated in 2009 as 355. The user basin of the ATO1 Palermo includes. while the current figures have been re-stated.0 -1. Service development. Acque Potabili.5 4. Asti.379 101 8 Contact Details Name: Acque Potabili SpA Address: Corso re Umberto 9 Bis. operating in Turin). Savona. 10121 Torino.18 2009 56. Tel: +39 11 55 941 Fax: +39 11 562 9730 Web: www.1 0.379.2million served residents with a total water production that will reach 3 approximately 130million m per year. 2006-10 Y/E 31/12 3 Water (million m pa) Water customers Communities served – water Communities served – sewerage 2006 88. Cueno.9% held by Metro Acque and 30. Acque Potabili Crotone (100% held).780 108 11 2008 83.acquepotabilispa. The company is involved purely in water distribution in parts of Alessandria.

1%.7 25.agammonza.000 people.it / www.1 9. ACSM-AGAM. but are offering an improved performance in the current year.AGAM Address: Via Pietro Stazzi 2. was partially privatised in November 1999.8% and external investors the remaining 24.2 213. 22100 Como.2%.2 40. ACSM is currently seeking to expand into these areas. 35 water 3 3 & wastewater) providing 20million m of water pa and treating 15million m of wastewater pa.6 0. the water and energy utility serving Como which has a population of 250.092 8.acsm.9% of the enlarged group (see company entry above).8 214. Italy Tel: +(390) 31 529 111 Fax: +(390) 31 523 267 Web: www. Monza 29.8 13. This went through in April 2009 and after the merger.5 19. ACSM and Monza‘s AGAM (Ambiente Gas Acqua Monza) agreed to a merger. In April 2003. To date.9 25.7 3. A2A held 21. profit and loss account YE 31/12 (EURmillion) Water – investments 3 Water – volume distributed (million m ) 3 Sewerage – volume collected (million m ) Water – customers Sewerage – customers Water – revenues Sewerage – revenues Water – operating profit Sewerage – operating profit Group turnover Operating profit Net profit Earnings Per Share (EUR) 2009 2. ASCM entered into merger talks with Bergamo‘s municipally held BAS Bergamo Ambiente Servizi SpA.5% with AEM holding 20.8 25. The water and sewerage activities are organised under ASCM-AGAM Reti Gas Acqua Srl.5 0.2%.0% of ASCM and Edison a further 3.4 3.6% and subsequent sales in 2003 and 2006 reduced this to 40. ACSM‘s ComoDepur is responsible for water treatment and sewage and sewage treatment is carried out by the Municipality of Como.992 12. which had a flat turnover in 1999. these talks have not progressed.ITALY PART 3 (ii): COMPANY ANALYSIS: LOCAL/REGIONAL PLAYERS ACSM-AGAM ACSM Como (ACSM). To date.9 28.it Umberto D‘Alessandro (Chairman) Dr Enrico Grigesi (CEO) Dr Roberto Colombo (Vice President) 345 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 .7 0. Como 24.11 ACSM has a total water treatment capacity of 16million m pa.1 25. Bergamo is located near to Como and would add some EUR85million to ASCM‘s turnover. A second share sale in November 2000 reduced the municipality's holding to 50.4 1.9 1. the company has concentrated on developing its core activities.04 3 2010 2. Contact Details Name: ACSM . AGAM supplies water and wastewater services to 42 municipalities in the area (7 water only.4 1.270 9.3 12.038 16. In December 2008.

273 312 50 2010 188 2.4% held by institutional and private investors. Out of the 67 municipalities in the Genoa ATO. Acque Potabili was founded in 1852 for water provision to parts of the city of Turin.6% held by various municipalities and 32. In 2000 ACEA (see company entry) bid for AFDG and AN. After gaining 53. to ensure that it has the maximum flexibility to develop its activities outside Genoa once the municipality sees fit to sell off its majority holding.381 339 186 346 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 . ADF and AN were reorganised as Mediterranea delle Acque. Gruppo Iride was allowed to proceed with its planned merger with Enia Spa. Iride was formed in October 2006 in the wake of the merger between AEM Torino and Amga. Following this. the company‘s management accepted the bid. a subsidiary of Iren acquired 14. the holding company for its stakes in Acquedotto de Ferrari Galliera and Acquedotto Nicolay to Amga in July 2005 for EUR57million.868km sewerage network. This will involve EUR1. San Giacomo Srl holds 96. Genova Acque held a further 27. serving a total of 330. In 2000 Veolia acquired 20% of Genova Acque in return for its 28% and 34% stakes in Acquedotto de Ferrari Galliera and Acquedotto Nicolay respectively. Asti.063million in capital spending between 2011 and 2015 with water becoming the largest segment of the group in terms of profit generation. Iride and Enia merged to create Gruppo Iren SpA. Genova Acque was granted a five-year contract to manage the Genova ATO. Iren SpA. The company is involved purely in water distribution in parts of Alessandria. After gaining 67. In August 2010.900km of water distribution systems along with a 7. along with other contracts.7million people in 128 municipalities under these three contracts. Amga was partly privatised in October 1996. In July 2009. Turin – Amga’s acquisition of Acque Potabili Amga acquired the 67. Iren is 67.0% of ADFG‘s shares. The company directly managed 13.464 266 145 2008 233 3. an Italian energy utility which was completed in July 2010. ADFG‘s management accepted the bid. Aosta.ITALY PART 3 (ii): COMPANY ANALYSIS: LOCAL/REGIONAL PLAYERS GRUPPO IREN In 2010. San Giacomo Srl. covering the Reggio Emilia ATO and Parma ATO from Enia and the Genoa ATO from Iride.15% of Acquedotto Nicolay‘s shares.152 434 38 3. The merged entity has been named Iren Acqua Gas. See company entry for further details. 66 for sewerage and all 67 for sewage treatment. Savona.000 people.8% of the company and the company was merged into San Giacomo. Cueno. its share of group EBITDA being forecast to grow from 18% in 2010 to 30% by 2015. Azienda Mediterranea Gas e Acqua (Amga) is the city of Genoa‘s gas and water utility. serving 1. Genova Acque and its neighbouring companies Acquedotto Nicolay SpA (AN) and Acquedotto de Ferrari Galliera SpA (ADFG) have been responsible for water distribution to parts of the city of Genoa since 1853 and 1880 respectively.59% of Mediterranea delle Acque SpA in an open tender. Amga split off its local water division from the rest of its activities into Genova Acque.839 539 153 2009 193 2. Iren‘s subsidiaries control 58 for water.130 398 41 3. In 2003. along with an increase in water 3 3 distributed from 190m million m to 380million m .62% of ADFG‘s equity.05% stake held by Italgas (ENI) in Condotta di Acque Potabili in March 2005. Turin. Verbania & Novara. profit and loss account Y/E 31/12 (EURmillion) 3 Water distributed (million m ) Water – people served (000) Water – revenues Water – operating profit Turnover Operating profit Net income 2007 243 3. ACEA sold its 67% stake in Acqua Italia. Mantova. Iren‘s 2011 plan aims to see water revenues grow from EUR303million to EUR796million by 2015.

Atena serves a total of 100.000 83.000) The contract signed with Ente Acquedotti Siciliana SpA and AMAP involves 90 water treatment plants in Reggio Calabria.l. Tortona ATO Astigiano-Monf Sub Astigiano ATO Vercellese ATO Cuneese ATO Savonese Sub Costiero-Levante ATO Imperiese Total Affiliated Cos – Tuscany ATO Alto Valdarno ATO Toscana Costa Total Total Inhabitants directly served Alliance with Turin ATO Torinese Total Inhabitants served with alliances Entity (stake) IAG (100%) ASMT (45%) Asp (5%) Asp (5%) ATENA (40%) Mondoacque (39%) Acq. Metano Arcore and Napoletana Gas.909 260.ITALY PART 3 (ii): COMPANY ANALYSIS: LOCAL/REGIONAL PLAYERS ENI was involved in water through the acquisition of Italgas. di Savona Acq. Acquedotto Vesuviano.000 Location Genova Genova Genova Cueno Tuscany Piacenza Parma Reggio Emilia Municipalities 39 11 7 250 33 48 45 18 Nuove Acque (16%) ASA (39%) SMAT 347 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 .179 Population served 700. di Savona AMAT (48%) Inhabitants 880. Sulcis Iglesinete (11..000 150.924.000 374. Acquedotto di Savona.000 people.560 2.090.000 people in the Genova ATO region. Campidano (25. Eniacqua Campania.000 326.000 people.132 556. In January 2004 Amga acquired 27% of IdroCons S.276 45. Amga was awarded three potable water supply contracts in Sardinia for 62.000) and Trexenta-Marmilia-Mandrolisai (26. Amga provided water and/or sewerage services for 915. Its principal subsidiaries are Acque Potabili.231 208. the utility company serving Vercelli in January 2003. serving 500.330 310.r.271 205. In March 2000.000 560. Amga was part of the Suez led consortium that gained the 25-year water and sewerage concession for Arezzo and 36 surrounding communes. Iren – principal contracts Company Mediterranea dell Acqua Idro-Tigullio AM. Amga acquired 35% of Atena SpA. sewerage.424. a company working mostly in the Valle Scrivia area in analysis and monitoring of drinking water. The main partners in the company are Azienda Consortile Intercomunale Bacino dello Scrivia (43%) and Idroterra (22%). By 2004. power and waste management services and had a 2001 turnover of EUR52million. This was the first water concession awarded in Italy.000 people with water.000 622.238 1.339 71.000 418.478 296.000 100.619 5.165. gas.389 128.TER Mondo Acqua Azienda Servizi Ambientali Iren Emila – Piacenza Iren Emila – Parma Iren Emila – Reggio Emilia Other activities in Italy In 1999. serving 300.000). Iride Acqua’s holdings and alliances in Italy are as follows: Contract ATO Genovese Affiliated Cos – NW Italy ATO Alessandrino. water treatment and waste management.000 2.000 people and 150 water treatment plants in the province of Cosenza.000 280. reflecting the belated impact of the 1994 Galli Law.

In August 2000. 30. 42123 Reggio Emilia. the capital of Moldova. Contact Details Name: Iren SpA Address: Via Nubi di Magellano. Moldova and Croatia In August 1997. Amga gained a water management contract for Chisinau. Amga reached an agreement with three Croatian towns in the district of Fiume for water.gruppoiren. serving a total of 667.000 people. Italy. Tel: +39 522 7971 Fax: +39 522 797 300 Web: www. gas and telecommunications services.it Roberto Bazzano (Chairman) Roberto Garbati (CEO) 348 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 . The Albanian contract ended with the conclusion of its five-year operational period.ITALY PART 3 (ii): COMPANY ANALYSIS: LOCAL/REGIONAL PLAYERS Albania.

6 296.3% of the company via Seabo Spa. 2. Ferrara (2.863.6 109.400 818. sewerage. In 2005.0%.8 2009 168 171 171 1.1 2010 168 171 171 1. while Acosea Spa will be integrated into Hera. 50. the company responsible for water.300 2. Acquisition of Agea In August 2004.1 2008 168 171 171 1. along with Modena (15.2 0. Ferrara (23 municipalities).0 0.7million people in 171 municipalities are served by the company for water. with the commune of Bologna currently holding 20.2 3.064 2010 579. 3 selling 20. Imola-Faenza and Ferrara. Savignino. ForliCesena. The company was founded through the consolidation of 12 municipal entities in 2001.894 2. Bologna (46 municipalities) and Pesaro.0%).000 customers respectively in Bologna.204. Tariffs rose by 5% in 2008 and further tariff rises at a 4.4 2.281 932.6 315.6million m . Hera SpA. Aspes contributed EUR18. Romagna (21.900 903.000 840.173. Ravenna-Lugo. In 2004.030. rising to in excess of 3million in the summer.668.7%) and external investors holding the remaining 41.000 customers and 679.092 2009 583.6 302.095 2008 459. Municipalities served – Water Municipalities served – Sewerage Municipalities served – Wastewater Customers served – Water Customers served – Sewerage Customers served – Wastewater Residential population (million) 3 Water sold (million m ) 2006 162 163 163 982.8million m of water in 2003. Hera acquired a further 51% of Agea having bought 49% of the company for EUR65million in 2003.089 2007 407.3 0.1 0.9 Hera believes that its combined losses of 25. Agea provides multi utility services in Ferrara province. gas and waste management. Acosea generated water sales of EUR31million in 2004.811 920. profit and loss account EURmillion Water revenues Group revenues Operating profits Net profits Earnings per share (EUR) 2006 398.1% of Aspes Multiservizi is held by Pesaro and district municipalities. After a series of mergers.046. 349 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 .0%).716. water supplied to its 13 3 districts amounted to 16. power. a new company is to take over Acosea Reti and sell these assets to the Ferrara municipalities in 2005.3 85.3 220. Rimini.5 231. The total number of water customers as of June 2011 was 1. Forlì-Cesena (26 municipalities).300 838.9 0. Hera aims to acquire local utilities in order to increase its size and improve operating efficiency over the next four years. Acosea owns the water assets through Acosea Reti and operates them through Acosea Spa.000 920.0 3.6 2.437 903. Hera had its IPO in June 2003.5% CAGR are anticipated up to 2012.2 291.311.8 110.5% (distribution losses and non revenue water) is the lowest seen in Italy.3 280.8million in revenues in 2006.2 100. No further significant acquisitions in the water area are currently anticipated by 2012. energy and waste services in the Pesaro area of Italy. Hera now manages 7 ATO concessions in the provinces of Ravenna (8 municipalities).8% of Aspes Multiservizi. Rimini (26 municipalities). Acosea Impianti. Modena.7 4.300.0 2007 162 165 165 962.600 2.800 816.4 142. Acquisition of Aspes Multiservizi In July 2006 Hera completed the acquisition of 49. a ten-year service provision contract extension to 2022 was granted. providing water and wastewater services to 797.040.000 932. worth a total of EUR5billion in revenues.174 299.ITALY PART 3 (ii): COMPANY ANALYSIS: LOCAL/REGIONAL PLAYERS HERA SPA Hera Spa operates in a number of municipalities in northern Italy.717 304.106 The principal water concessions are secured until at least 2012. with a consolidated turnover of EUR90million.

48. 32.3% served by Meta Modena for water. Contact Details Name: Hera SpA Address: Viale Carlo Berti Pichat 2/2. Italy Tel: +39 051 287 111 Fax: +39 051 281 4036 Web: www. with the commune of Modena holding 58% of the company. firstly by Hera acquiring 29% of Meta in November 2005 and subsequently through a full acquisition which was completed in January 2006. with remaining 53. 3 3 water. Maranello.it Tomaso Tommasi di Vignano (Chairman) Maurizio Chiarini (CEO) Roberto Barilli (General Manager) 350 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 . 72% of its equity remains in municipal hands. Fiorano and Serramazzoni.2% for sewage treatment. heating and waste services. Water sold rose from 28.000 people with power. serving 314. 40127 Bologna.207 residents are also served by the sewerage system and sewage is treated for 327.5% being held by the municipalities of Sassuolo. It was privatised in March 2003. gas distribution and integrated water supply service sectors.5% of SAT Spa.ITALY PART 3 (ii): COMPANY ANALYSIS: LOCAL/REGIONAL PLAYERS Acquisition of SAT In October 2006. Meta SpA serves the city and province of Modena in northern Italy and was originally owned by a consortium of 30 local municipalities. Hera acquired 46. 27% for wastewater treatment and 6% for sewerage. SAT operates in the waste management.074 residents. Some 211.8million m in 3 2003 and 29.4million m in 2002 to 29.45 for sewerage and 50. Hera and Meta Modena agreed to a merger. 55% of 2004 water revenues were for water distribution. Meta serves 432.920 residents in the province of Modena. Acquisition of Meta Modena In June 2005. There are a total of 651.8million m in 2004. Formigine. through a new equity issue and a partial divestiture by 17 of the municipalities. and in 2005 the company recorded a consolidated turnover of EUR62million. gas.989 residents in 18 municipalities.gruppohera.

Prior to Sulaibiya. Lebanon. No other contract gains have been noted to date. and in 2006 it bid for the Disi project in Jordan. With the project stage effectively completed. USA).000m per day of non-potable water recovered for agricultural and other applications such as aquifer recharge and industrial water. Kuwait and Egypt and is now seeking other contracts. ten sewerage systems. 3 and aims to treat some 375. with a total design capacity for 3 3 600. The first phase will see 311. Contact Details Name: Mohammed Abdulmohsin Al-Kharafi & Sons Company Address: P. It is a privately held company set up to develop and operate the Sulaibiya wastewater treatment project. The National Bank of Kuwait (NBK) arranged a USD377million loan and Kharafi and Ionics put up the rest of the funds on a 85% debt 15% equity basis. four storm water drainage systems and 12 water treatment works in South Africa. Utilities Development Co is responsible for the build-operate-transfer deal. The project is expected to 3 be worth more than USD2billion over its 27. with the facility having entered service in December 2005. the UAE. Construction work was completed in May 2005.47 per m .000m of effluent per day in its first phase.9million. The project involved USD430million in capex. Box 886 Kuwait Safat 13009 Tel: +965 481-3622 Fax: +965 481 3339 Web: http://www.KUWAIT PART 3 (ii): COMPANY ANALYSIS: LOCAL/REGIONAL PLAYERS KUWAIT UTILITIES DEVELOPMENT COMPANY HOLDINGS The Utilities Development Company is 75% held by Mohamed Abdulmohsin Kharafi and Sons and 25% by Ionics (GE. UDC was founded in 2002 in the wake of United Utilities (2001) leading a consortium to gain the original contract. UDC was involved in constructing five wastewater treatment plants. The facility‘s capacity implies that it may be intended to serve the entire population of 1. based on a tariff of USD0.net Rafed Al Kharafi (Chairman) Mohsen Kamel Mustafa (Managing Director) 351 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 . Botswana.5-year operating life.O.makharafi. UU has decided to reduce its involvement in this contract and now plays a minor role in investment terms.000m per day. Saudi Arabia.

reflecting the need to upgrade and extend the city‘s water and sewerage services. In addition Lydec is carrying out pilot projects for service extension through training staff to develop services for 10.MOROCCO PART 3 (ii): COMPANY ANALYSIS: LOCAL/REGIONAL PLAYERS MOROCCO LYDEC In 1997. This project will involve Lydec subcontracting its services to small.115 928 270 4. As a result. Morocco Tel: + 212 2 254 90 54 Fax: + 212 2 254 90 07 Web: www. Service development Water connections Unaccounted for water 1997 440. In 2005 LYDEC agreed to make 85.345 474 221 27.6 2010 5. Address: Bp 16408 Casablanca.3 2008 3.015 304 5. This covers water.566 1. By 3 2004. MAD2. 15% of LYDEC‘s equity was sold on the Casablanca Bourse on 18 July 2005. Between 1997 and 2010. capital spending on water services accounted for 27% of investments (MAD239million) and sewerage 40% (MAD362million). Lydec.9 2009 3.026 293 4.329 976 280 5. leaks generating 25million m pa of water losses had been repaired. 59% of total capital spending. local operators supported by USD21million in funding.9% 2002 590. for MAD3.000 low income connections (850.600 households in two informal peri-urban settlements which lie outside its contract specification in 2004.95m meaning that water for essential use is directly subsidised by LYDEC. During 1998. These will be connected by 2010 at a cost of USD137million.lydec. Water and Sewerage) 352 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 .429 1.34 billion was invested in water assets and MAD3.0 3 3 Contact Details Name: Lydec 48 Rue Mohamed Diouri.751 395 94 11.ma Jean Pierre Ermenault (MD) Pierre-Yves Boulet (Finance Director) Tahar El Agal (Director.7 2007 3.000 having been made by 2009.44 billion in sewerage assets. Most of the water (649million m out of 814million m in 1999) is bought from ONEP.885 358 83 10. Lyonnaise des Eaux de Casablanca (LYDEC) led by Suez (France) was awarded the 30-year Urban Community of Casablanca (UCC) concession contract. 80% of the shares being bought by local investors. Suez continues to hold 51% of LYDEC.033 447 223 27.2% In 2007. with the remaining 34% being held by Moroccan institutions.7% 2005 710. sewerage and electricity and was extended in 2001 to cover waste management. LYDEC‘s water and sewerage activities accounted for USD100million in turnover (30% of the total) and 60% of investment. profit and loss account Y/E 31/12 (MADmillion) Electricity Water Sewage Total revenues Operating profits Net profits Earnings per share (MAD) 2006 3.000 people) by 2014.000 low income households lacking adequate access to water and sanitation were identified.771 403 256 32. equivalent to the water needs of 800. In 2009.000 people. the National 3 Drinking Water Administration. with 30.000 22. 145.000 27.000 38. 58% of customers pay less than MAD43 per month.

2 124. providing 24million m of water.6 131.5million of capital spending is planned for the concession. In 2010 it examined a range of acquisitions and 353 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 .9 148.000 people in Portugal via six contracts. profit & loss account Y/E 31/12 (EURmillion) Revenues Operating profits Pre-tax profits Net profits 2008 S Joao de Maderia 2006 1.977 water The concession entered into operation in 1998.868.104 water & wastewater Revenues of EUR204million are anticipated. 2005 Matosnihos 25-year concession 169. In 2004 Mota-Engil Ambiente e Serviços increased its stake in Indáqua through purchasing Severn Trent Water International‘s 12.2 57.964 water EUR76. In 2010.1 32.82% holding to gain an overall holding of 42.1 2008 1.308.978.000 customers or 560.3 28. Drinking water provision expanded from 67% of the town‘s inhabitants to 95% by 2004. 1999 Santo Maria de Feira 35-year concession 135. The company has a longstanding involvement in water and wastewater treatment infrastructure construction and has been Severn Trent‘s partner in the country since 1996. despite poor market conditions in Portugal Indaqua served 203. 1996 Fafe 25-year concession 57. 2005 Vila do Conde 40-year concession 73.2 84.57% and Hidrante 21.7 88.0 30.391 water & wastewater Investments in the first three projects.7 2009 1.3 40.5 106.000 sewerage customers 3 and handling 16million m of effluent. with Soares da Costa holding 28.PORTUGAL PART 3 (ii): COMPANY ANALYSIS: LOCAL/REGIONAL PLAYERS PORTUGAL MOTA-ENGIL SPA The two Portuguese engineering and construction companies Mota and Engil were merged in 2004. Indaqua‘s revenues grew from EUR8million in 2007 to EUR77million in 2010.06% of Indaqua. including EUR30million on wastewater services and treatment. Mota-Engil.7 70.757 water Mota-Engil Ambiente e Serviços holds 30% of Indaqua Industria e Gestao de Aguas SA.000 people have been added since the concession started.55%. The contract originally served 50. and the company serves 190.000 people. along with serving 137. 4.7 112. gained between 1996 and 1999 are expected to total EUR170million by 2007. 28% of the population were connected with household water supplies.7 192.1 25-year concession 21.2 2010 2. International activities Mota-Engil is currently involved in construction projects in a number of countries and is looking to develop water concessions internationally.000 water customers against 3 190.7 32. At the outset.86%. M-E holds 98% of the company‘s equity after a further share acquisition in 2010. Currently Mota-Engil holds 50.401.2 2007 1.000 in 2008. along with capital investments of EUR83million.500 water & wastewater A 49% stake in Aguas de Sao Joao EM SA was acquired in 2008.004. 1998 Santo Tirso 25-year concession 109.

mota-engil. Ireland M-E‘s 70% held subsidiary Glan Agua was incorporated in 2010. 4300-454 Porto. In March 2010. The second scheme involves 24 water treatment plants in Galway.indaqua. Portugal Tel: + 351 22 519 0300 Fax: + 351 22 519 0303 Web: www. In Angola. Vista Water gained a technical assistance project for expanding access to potable water in rural areas. the Knockcroghery Public Water Supplies scheme involving seven water treatment works serving Roscommon and Leitrim entered service in February 2011. No 38.pt / www. it gained a EUR55million DBO contract for 24 water treatment plants including EUR21million for design and construction and a 20 year operating contract. Contact Details Name: Mota-Engil SA Address: Rua do Rego Lameiro.pt Antonio Manuel Queiros Vasconcelos da Mota (Chairman) Jorge Paulo Sacadura de Almeida Coelho (CEO) 354 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 .PORTUGAL PART 3 (ii): COMPANY ANALYSIS: LOCAL/REGIONAL PLAYERS concessions in Brazil and Peru. The first scheme.

7 1. the company responsible for the management of the Ras Laffan projects.5 2. Q Power (Ras Laffan B): In September 2004.C.650.9 2. International Power PIc shares 40% and Chubu Electric Power Company shares 5%.3 1.110.14 2008 788. QEWC is 42.9 9. RAF ‘B’: Commissioned in 1995 and 55% acquired by QEWC in 1999. 55% of equity of the plant was acquired by QEWC in 2003 from Qatar Petroleum (QP). West Bay. The total capacity of the plant is 70MG/day of Potable Water. Ras Laffan Power Company: QEWC holds 80% of Ras Laffan Power Company Limited having acquired a 55% stake in 2010.qewc.45 2010 1.72 2007 687.0 3. In 2010.6 6. QEWC won the Ras Laffan B Project. the JV company was acquired in 2008.3 1.926. Dukhan Desalination Plant: Commissioned in 1997.7 7.Qatar Tel: +974 4858 585 Fax: +974 4831 116 Web: www.360.E.7 1. The total capacity of the plant is 33Ml/day of Potable Water.166. The total project cost is estimated at USD900million which would be funded by 80% debt and 20% equity. The facility started its operation in the year 2003.7 7. Dukhan Water Desalination is an independent water desalination plant located in the Eastern part of the country. An extension contract (RAF A1) was signed in 2007 will desalinate 45MG/day.com H.2 1. The total capacity of the plant is 2MG/day of potable water.086.S. Abdullah bin Hamad Al-Attiya (Chairman) Essa Shaheen Al-Ghanim (Vice Chairman) Fahed Al-Mohammed (General Manager) 355 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 .74% held by the Government and 57. the country's next power and water producing facility to be built in the Industrial City of Ras Laffan.272.9billion facility entered service in 2011.63 Ras Girtas: The USD3.713. RAF ‘A’: Built in different phases between 1970 and 1993 and acquired by QEWC in 2003.515.57 2009 931.9 771.QATAR PART 3 (ii): COMPANY ANALYSIS: LOCAL/REGIONAL PLAYERS QATAR QATAR ELECTRICITY & WATER CO.5 613. The total capacity of the plant is 40MG/day of Potable Water.149.1 944. RAF ‘C’: 45% of Ras Girtas Power Holding Company.9 756.2 1. Doha . It is operated under a PWPA under which the production is sold to the Government for 20 years.9 1. It operates under a PWPA under which the production is sold to the Government for 12 years.430. increasing desalination capacity by 63MG/day or by 20% overall. A new joint venture company has been incorporated in the name of Q Power Q. the company acquired the outstanding 70% of AES Ras Laffan Operating Co. PO Box: 22046.801. This delivers 60MG/day of Potable Water to the country in different phases and was completed in March 2008.9 11. The plant is located at the Ras Laffan Industrial City. Contact Details Name: Qatar Electricity & Water Co Address: Qatar Electricity & Water Co. 70km away from Doha. The plant is operated under a WPA under which the production is sold to the Government for 25 years.6 1.26% by companies and individuals. where QEWC shares 55%. The plant is operated under a PWPA under which the production is sold to the Government for 25 years. Y/E 31/12 (QARmillion) Desalination revenues Electricity revenues Revenues Net profits Earnings per share (QAR) 2006 627.

000 Contract Management Management 356 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 . Saudi Arabian Amiantit.000 800. Russia. providing management services for water supply. along with projects that are under development in Azerbaijan.750.4 456.4 4.000 1.1 0.000 Sewerage 0 0 150. although details of the nature and status of other projects are not currently available.56 2008 3.7 20. sanitation services.026.home markets Total – international Grand Total Water 40.000 150. Italy.000 2006 2.000 250. India. China.0 94. According to Amiantit in 2004. It specialises in manufacturing piping products for water. populations served Country Saudi Arabia Romania Montenegro Russia China Total .1 64. Saudi Arabia in 1968.5 392.3 202.3 2.8 0. Amiantit. oil and industrial applications.040.000 640.5 1.000 200.8 146. which has acquired 100% of the equity of AquaMundo.0 327. Water and wastewater operational contracts have been developed through its subsidiary AmiWater.000 400.1 235.9 462. Other water engineering and construction companies owned include Jos Hansen & Soehne and JR International Bau.SAUDI ARABIA PART 3 (ii): COMPANY ANALYSIS: LOCAL/REGIONAL PLAYERS SAUDI ARABIA SAUDI ARABIAN AMIANTIT COMPANY The Saudi Arabian Amiantit Company (SAAC) was founded in Dammam.292.75 2010 3. Moldova.1 270. AmiWater believes that it serves approximately 5million people through medium and long-term contracts gained over the past decade.2 2.000 0 40. Alalamiah Water Works and Services is a joint venture between Amiwater and Wesco of Saudi Arabia which provides process water to industrial and commercial customers.6 321. Kyrgyzstan and Thailand.000 Total 40.077.000 0 800.000 150.0 75. and hydropower.18 2007 2.101. Ukraine.04 2009 3.000 200.263. It was acquired in 2004.1 1. Amiantit seeks to become one of the top ten leading companies in the world that provide drinking water and wastewater services.605.000 1.43 Amiantit claims to serve 5million people globally.1 81.000 400. AmiWater has three principal subsidiaries: AquaMundo GmbH (Germany). Romania. a subsidiary of the AmiWater Group is responsible for the provision of services in operation and management of water supply companies.8 316.000 40.659. profit and loss account Y/E 31/12 (SARmillion) Pipe manufacturing Water management Engineering Revenues Operating profits Net profits Earnings per share (SAR) Inframan InfraMan GmbH.000 250.000 600.7 165. InfraMan GmbH (Austria) and OMC (Thailand).6 3.000 250. Peru and Guatemala Projects noted by AmiWater in 2006 Country Albania – Aquamundo Albania – Aquamundo Location Four cities Kavaja Population 450. PWT Wasser und Abwassertechnik is a German process engineering company with 40 years experience in the sector which is looking to develop operating contracts. AmiWater is already operating or developing projects in Albania.000 70.040. InfraMan is based in Austria. liquids. Indonesia.

Amiantit already has ductile iron pipe manufacturing facilities in Romania. 2003 Balashicha 25-year. The town‘s population increases to 250.000 bulk water Amiantit is leading a consortium the Zetea water supply system management project. Saudi Arabia In February 2005. Bukhara and Samarkand (Uzbekistan. AmiWater formed Tawazea. Inframan holds 51% of the project‘s equity and is responsible for managing the water and wastewater services. EUR22million management contract with Berlinwasser International. Lezhe and Sarande (Albania. a 137km pipeline. In each case. USD65million management contract. has formed a joint venture with the Waste Management Authority of Thailand (WMA) in order to operate and maintain wastewater treatment plants. O&M 100. It involves building a water intake from a lake.000 900. A management contract serves 900.000 people.200. OMC.000 2. 2004-07).000 people. through its subsidiary Wastewater Operation Management Company (WOMC).000 water & wastewater Revenues for the contract will be USD20million. Romania 2003 Zetea DBOT 200.SAUDI ARABIA PART 3 (ii): COMPANY ANALYSIS: LOCAL/REGIONAL PLAYERS Country India – InfraMan Uzbekistan – InfraMan Moldova – InfraMan Kyrgyzstan – InfraMan Thailand Italy – Flowrite Iberica Germany – PWT Saudi Arabia Location Navi Mumbai Bukhara Belts Osh OMC / WOMC Sicilacque Spa N/A Yanbu & Hanakhia Population 1. a joint venture with Saudi Industrial Services (SISCO) for water service contracts in industrial cities in Saudi Arabia.000 water & wastewater This contract has a budget of USD10million and includes extending the water distribution system for an additional 12.000 people.000. 2005-08) and Durres.000 200. and connections to the distribution tanks. Russia Two 25-year joint ventures were announced in 2003. Riyadh and Qassim in June 2007.000 300. 357 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 . 2003 Dimitrovgrad 25-year. Fier. OMC Operation Management Company Ltd (OMC) provides Operation and Maintenance services of water and wastewater treatment plants in the Kingdom of Thailand. Project implementation started in the spring of 2004 and the water supply system is expected to be completed by 2007. which is worth USD50million.000 during the summer as a holiday destination. 2003-05).000 Contract Management Management JV JV Management JV O&M DBOD Completed projects include Kavaja (Albania. USD21million management contract. O&M 150. Taweza was awarded a SAR3billion (USD800million) 30-year BOT contract for managing potable water supplies in industrial zones in Jeddah. The system will supply potable water to 200. EUR17million management contract for five years. a water treatment plant. Gaza (Palestine.000 175.000 40. 200307). where the company produces its own raw material.000 750.

a public-private water company in which Aquamundo has the largest shareholding.513064610 Web: www.000m³ per day sewage treatment works for the city in Guangdong Province.com Volker Mitterhammer (Managing Director) 358 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 . The facility will become operational in 2003. In April 2003. Budva. GW Water Consultants (Bilfinger & Berger AG (Germany) and MVV Energie AG (MVV Germany. Aquamundo has gained a contract for the proposed privatisation of water provision services in the state of Montenegro. Marketing) Contact Details Name: InfraMan GmbH Address: Spiegelgasse 8/5.com Eng.000 people. The contract covers the coastal municipalities of Herzeg Novi.O. Fareed Al Khalawi (CEO and Managing Director) Abdullas Al Madhi (VP. Kotor. MVV sold its stake to Inframan in January 2004.1.aquamundo. ABB and Bilfinger & Berger sold their stakes to Inframan. It is estimated that the facility will serve 400. Saudi Arabia Tel: + 966 3 847 1500 Fax: + 966 3 847 1645 Web: www. Tivat.4million in capital expenditure will be required. financing and operating of water and sewerage projects worldwide. Contact Details Name: Saudi Arabian Amiantit P. EUR30. 40% from equity and 60% from debt. BudvaMonteAqua.amiantit. 1010 Vienna. Address: 311421 Dammam. formed the Aquamundo JV in May 2000. Montenegro 2001 Montenegro 30-year concession Water and sewerage In the former republic of Yugoslavia. China 2002 Foshan 20-year concession Sewage treatment The Aquamundo (45%) and Foshan Waterworks (55%) JV is to develop and manage the 100. with investments of EUR33million required during the first five years. see company entry). Bar.SAUDI ARABIA PART 3 (ii): COMPANY ANALYSIS: LOCAL/REGIONAL PLAYERS AquaMundo ABB Kraftswerkstechnik of Germany (ABB AG). Cetinje and most likely later Ulcinj Public Enterprise for Water (PEW) ÒCrnogorsko Primorje Ó. Box 589. Austria Tel: +43. AquaMundo seeks to gain contracts in the planning. will manage the 30-year concession.

8million m³ of water per day to 6million people.5million project developing a 15. Arascon 30%) serving Aragon‘s Zone 7B (Al Almunia de Dona. Energy and Services.A. Lumpiaque. Deiá and Paguera in the Balearic Islands.268 20. Its chief activities are the development and management of infrastructure concessions and renewable energy projects.515 430 1. RWE sold Pridesa and Ondagua to Acciona for EUR150million.000 people (Acciona Agua 70%.812million. This is a 3 108.10 359 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 . Alfarmen. In 2011.000.9 3. Acciona Agua The company is involved in the operation and development of 70 RO desalination plants supplying 1. 300 wastewater treatment plants handling 10.720m³ per day wastewater treatment facility. Acciona‘s subsidiary GESBA (Gestión de Servicios Urbanos de Baleares) manages the drinking water concessions in the municipalities of Andratx.A (Pridesa) and Ondagua S.090.A in July 2002 for EUR100million and the remaining 25% for EUR31million in October 2004.65 2008 370 40 12.89 2007 275 22 7. Many of these contracts involve sixmonth to two year operations and management elements. A 20-year DBO contract for Adelaide (Australia) was signed in June 2009. which supply 23million people. 1. sewerage services and operating the facilities for 20 years. gained in May 2009 for 5. which involves a EUR27. Recent contract gains include Andratx (Majorca). Herrera de los Navarros. In March 2006. serving 46million people. 110 water treatment works with a total capacity of have been built.92 2009 438 26 6.3 2. The Services division includes water and waste management operations contracts and water engineering under the Acciona Aguas brand.000m per day facility supplying 10% of the city‘s needs. Agua won a wastewater treatment contract for 20. lasting 36 years and involving EUR120million for water and wastewater management and development.953 774 950 14.272 713 408 21.73 3. In 2005 the company was consolidated into three divisions: Infrastructure.SPAIN PART 3 (ii): COMPANY ANALYSIS: LOCAL/REGIONAL PLAYERS ACCIONA Acciona is an infrastructure and services company based in Spain.000m³ of water was supplied to a population of 12. Godina. from Iberdrola Diversificacion S. Pridesa was renamed Acciona Agua and its activities merged with Acciona‘s extant water treatment activities. In Andratx.000 people.263 527 167 2. Acciona. Agua‘s 2010 order backlog was EUR4. Longares and Villaneuva de Huerva).5million m³ of effluent per day have been built.01 2010 454 23 6.44 3.6 2. which entered service in January 2008 and is being operated by Acciona Agua and American Water in an 18-year contract. Caceres awarded Acciona a EUR300million 24 year water and sewerage services contract. In November 2008. Desalination Desalination DBO contracts include Tampa Bay (Florida USA). involving doubling Port Stanvac desalination plant‘s capacity to 2006 N/A N/A 6. profit & loss account Y/E 31/12 (EURmillion) Agua – Revenue Agua – EBIDTA Revenues Operating profit Net profit Earnings per share (EUR) Dividend per share (EUR) 2007 & 2008 results include Endessa Pridesa Thames Water (then part of RWE) acquired 75% of Proyectos Y Installaciones De Desalinacion S. Morata de Jalon. Spain – services The company serves in excess of two million people in 70 municipalities in Spain through 41 long term integrated water and wastewater contracts.665 657 464 7. under a 50-year concession.

421.932 Population Eq 7.665. Spain Tel: +34 91 663 31 31 Web: www.611. Italy and Peru.070 2. 28018 Alcobendas.026 110. De Europa.800 347.888. The company has 17 similar contracts in Italy.es José Manuel Entrecanales (President) Juian Ignaclo Entrecanales (Vice President) Juan Gallardo (Finance Director) Luis Castilla (Acciona Agua) 360 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 .575 11. 18.092 762.83billion in investment and entered service in August 2011.870 Contracts 59 1 1 5 66 m³ per day 1.acciona-agua.500 388.000 people. O&M contracts (2010 data) Drinking water Country Spain Italy Total Wastewater Country Spain Andorra Brazil Italy Total Contracts 19 8 27 m³ per day 608.com Web: www.8700 1.547 154.acciona.447. along with one each in Algeria.209.562 26. This will require AUD1.639 Population 223. The 3 total capacity for the DBO contracts is 1.000 2.000 1.000m per day to serve 500. Madrid.416 1.346.017 Contact Details Name: Acciona Address: Avda.743.SPAIN 3 PART 3 (ii): COMPANY ANALYSIS: LOCAL/REGIONAL PLAYERS 300.600.275m per day.

8 2003 751. The company was partially floated in 1976 via a partial flotation.5 125.5 Customer connections Water provision (million m³) Wastewater (million m³) Aguas de Valencia. acquired from SAUR in 2007. S.1 10.000 for water in Valencia and has stakes in various contracts covering 1. Banco de Valencia (40%) and Gruppo Boluda (20%) along with some small shareholders (6%).5 11.9 17. Operations commenced in 1904 and in 1967 the operational mandate to supply the city of Valencia was renewed. water supply for 150. Suez Environnement is the principal shareholder with a 33.SPAIN PART 3 (ii): COMPANY ANALYSIS: LOCAL/REGIONAL PLAYERS AGUAS DE VALENCIA SA Aguas de Valencia SA (AgVal) was founded as the Sociedad de Aguas Potables y Mejoras de Valencia.95 2007 158. Contract gains for 15.000 people).040.7 22.931 169. numbers served Country Spain Argentina Global Total Water 2.43 AgVal. Spain Tel: +34 96 386 0507 Fax: +34 96 386 0567 Web: www.040. 46005 Valencia. operational performance 2001 710. In both cases.3 111.3 7.0 14.000 people were made in 1995.2 7.8 5.5 2002 731.0% stake. AgVal has also gained local concessions in San Jose (Costa Rica) and Escobar (Argentina.000 Contact Details Name: Aguas de Valencia SA Address Gran Via Marques del Turia 19.0 119.6 7.000 150.190.4 13.2 127. in 1890.000 with sewerage in Spain.998 157. Further gains for a total of 60.600. AgVal controls 80% of the Emivasa contract company.000 people in the rest of Spain. The company serves a total of 2.000 for Masalfassar were made in 1994.0 151. Other significant shareholders are Inversiones Financieral AgVal which holds 60.3 114.000 2.7 NA 2006 133.000 Total 2. AgVal was delisted in 2008 and no longer published financial information.000 0 700.040.000 people with water and 700.000 people in L‘Ampolla and 15.7 109.000 Sewerage 700.7% via Fomento Urbano de Castellon (40%).6 24.000 2.40 2008 N/A 178.aguasdevalencia. The company serves 407.4 18.es Vicente Boluda Fos (Chairman) Jose Manuel Calderero (First Vice Chairman) Eugenio Calabuig Gimeno (Second Vice Chairman) 361 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 .047 159. these were 10-year water/wastewater tenders.000 150.190. A. profit and loss account Y/E 31/12 (EURmillion) Water supply Group turnover Operating profit Net profit Earnings per share (EUR) 2004 59.69 2005 111.8 4. Aguas de Valencia.6 14.

600.000 2.000 2. Wastewater treatment management contracts were awarded by Tudela de Duero. Contracts gained in 2006 included for water management contract for the city of Almendralejo (Extremadura.700.100. with water and wastewater contracts managed by its Socamex subsidiary.000 for wastewater in Spain during 2007.736 1. Water & sewerage activities in Spain.385. ACTIVIDADES DE CONSTRUCCION Y SERVICOS SA In October 2003 Grupo Dragados SA (GD) merged with ACS.000 8.100.000 8.551 4. 20-year contract for EUR75million) and a water treatment BOT for Zone 2 in Aragón region.000 5. Grupo ACS.592 943 1.000 900. Grupo ACS. Contracts gained in 2008 included wastewater treatment facilities serving Candeleda (Ávila) and Can Massuet Elfar in Dos Ríos (Barcelona) and plant expansion for Pajares de Compiledona.600.000 N/A 229.000. including the Huesnar water and sewage treatment works concession for Seville (1993) serving 220. 2010 Plants / contracts 7 142 19 14 20 8 People 290.074 1. Spain (20-year contract for EUR50million). Actividades de Construccion y Servidos SA (ACS) and its activities were subsumed within the enlarged group.000 Sewerage 6.SPAIN PART 3 (ii): COMPANY ANALYSIS: LOCAL/REGIONAL PLAYERS GRUPO ACS.470 15.000 5.250 3. A 22 year EUR50million contract serving part of Valencia was gained in 2010.175.498 2.000 m per day 250. The concession will generate ESP60billion over its 25-year life. Totana and Valdorros.100.000. Puig Punyent.776 1.814 1.486 2.000 people for water and wastewater and 3.164 1.385.38 Urbaser.000 1.057 1.43 2009 9.805 5. along with FCC is one of Spain‘s leading waste management companies. It also has a number of major concessions.043 1.600. number of people served in Spain and internationally Water 3. along with one for a drinking water treatment plant at Presoalba in La Bureba.000 1. Urbaser served 3. Overall. Urbaser gained a 30-year (extendable to 50 years) concession worth ESP25billion serving 150.398 1.600. Contracts gained in 2005 included water management in Navalmoral de la Mata (EUR19million contract value) and sewage systems in Las Palmas.000 1.562 15. pro-forma profit and loss account Y/E 31/12 (EURmillion) Urbaser – order book Urbaser – revenues Environment turnover Group turnover Operating profit Net profit Net profit (EUR) 2006 2. the water and waste management services arm of Dragados is now the principal component of the Environmental Services Division.414 15.000 910.26 2010 9. Urbaser.945 6.000 Spain Argentina Total 362 Pinsent Masons Water Yearbook 2011-2012 .000 people.100 1. Valldemosa.100.835 15. In 1999.099 1.000 people in the Spanish district of El Ferrol.000 equivalent to 950.358 2.000 2.000 N/A N/A 3 Distribution of drinking water Wastewater services Sewage treatment [1] Water supply Management of operations Laboratory / monitoring services [1] PE 1.423.313 4.000 Total 6.58 2007 2. Tordesillas and Barbastro.459 14.000 people in 15 towns.700.799 1.51 2008 8.

800. Spain Tel: +34 91 343 92 00 Fax: +34 91 343 94 56 Web: www.3% share of Aguas del Gran Buenos Aires.SPAIN PART 3 (ii): COMPANY ANALYSIS: LOCAL/REGIONAL PLAYERS Argentina 1999 Missiones Province 30-year concession 300. A total investment of ESP31. Water will be supplied to the cities from the Parana River. with capital spending of ESP166billion. Contact Details Name: ACS.com Florentio Perez Rodriguez (Chairman and CEO) Antonio Garcia Ferrer (Vice Chairman) Angel Garcia Altozano (Corporate General Manager) Javier Polanco Gomez-Lavin (Chairman & CEO. Its Spanish partners are Impregilo (31%) and Aguas de Bilbao (20%) and the concession was awarded in December 1999. ACS holds 90% of the concession‘s equity.000 water & sewerage The Servicio de Aguas