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armifh rsufES mu&H+h ueJwGe fhoG m;onf?ykqd k;udktaotcsm0wf^yD; ukwifay:uqif;
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&yf_zpfatmif0wfonf?
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Þvm^yDv+ dif a&/vm^yDß
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ÞOD;bkd/bmvkyf aewmvJ[ifß
ÞtJ h h h tif;ß
ÞorD; rvmciftdyfaejuwmuGJhß
cifruxpftxpft_zpfaeaomarmifhu dk,fpm;0ifa_z&if ;rsuf apmif; wpfcsufxdk ;
onf?(10)ES pforD;t&G ,fv+di fuouFmruif;[ef_zifha rmifh udkpdkuf junfhae_yefonf?
Þreuft apm}uD;&dSao;w,f/_yeft dyfwmvm;ß
Þacgif;udkufvdk hwJhorD;&,fß
Þ[,f 'gqdkaq;aomufav/aetHk;bGm;bGm;qDrS maq;oGm;,lvdk uft Hk;r,fß
vd+if urkefhxkyfrsm;udkcifrvuf xJodkhxnfhumqwf ueJv Snf ha_y;avawmhonf?
cifruta_y;tv$m;wm;aomf vnf;rrSDawmhay?wu,f awmharmifESifhcif ronfraehu
vufxyfc Jhonfr dkho nfaehESi fhreufzef rsm;pGmonfaEG; axG;aomaeh &ufrsm;_zpfae&rnf
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Þa&mh tJ'gacgif;udkufaysmufaq;wJh/OD;bd kaomuf av/aomufygqdkß
Þaomuf vdk ufavarmif&Jh/uav;uatmuf xyfuawmifwul;wu,lvmay;&wmß
armifh rsufES m}uD;urJhae^yD;bma&m*grSr&S dbJaq;udkaomufcsvdkuf& onf?Tr#
txd' k=ay;aomowW 0grav;_zpfonf?
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - vd+ifhudkxdk (10)ESp fo rD; t&G,fuyif xdef; ajumif;&if;orD;wpfa,mufyrmcspfc Jh&
onf?tajumif;uawmhcif ruuav;rarG;Edkifaomajumif h_zpfonf? uav;r&SdI vGw f

vGwfvyf vyfcspfAsL[mcif;Edkifrnf [krxifygESifh?,ckvd+if( 16)ES pfa&mufonft xd'k=
ay;wk ef;yif_zpfonf?
ÞOD;bdkuvJ wl rav;&atmifv kyfygqdkß
Þ[Jhaumif rav;/tydk;}udK;atmif aeprf;ß
a_ym&if;ESi fhyifonft&G ,ftxdcifr vd+ifh tay:oGefoifr+tm;enf;aeonfudkawG;
&if;armifouf_yif; udk csrdonf?vd+ifuudk;wef;a&mufae^yD?tysKd}uD;_zpfumzG HhxG m;ae
^yD?taetxdkifu_y\emawG_zpfvmonf ?tay:tusôudkausmrS vSefIb&mpD,mcsd yf
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orD;vkdoabmxm;aomfvnf;armifonfa usmufaqmifr [kw f?&[EWmr[k wf?cifr
onfq&mrwpfa,muf yif_zpfonf?cifrem;vnfzdkhaumif;onf? [dka ehuqd kv#iftawmf
pdwf qdk;rdonf?
Þarmif 'Dntdyf tHk; rvm;[ifß
Þcif rpdwfrygvkdhvm;ß
Þr[kwfygbl;/&moDvmaevdk hnpf ywf uke frvm;vdkhygß
ÞvmvmuGmß
Þ'g_zifhc%av;aemf/ cifra&csKd;ay;r,fß
Þ&ygw,fuGm/vmprf;ygß
Þ[ifh tif;uGm /armif rnpfywfe Jhß[k qdku mcifratmufxyfodk ha&qif;csKd;onf?xdkpOfvd+if
b,fua&mufv mrSef; rod/pmar;rvkdhqdk umxdkifapmifho nf?
ÞOD;bdk/uav;rvdkc sif bl;vm;[ifß
Þeifhtvkyfr [kwfygbl;vd+if&,f/uav;uuav;pum;yJa_ymprf;ß
Þuav;[kwfvm;/[m['gvm;uav;ß
Adkif;emrav;uzl;wif; &k ef;xaeaomol r.wif yg;uspfu spfav;udkaumhumaumh
umarmifha &ShwGifvS nfhywf_yonf?xdktcgarmifuukwif ay:rSx vsufvd+ifh ud k&dk uf&ef
vuf udkaÕrmuf vdkufo nf?
Þarmif rvk yfeJh/cifr_rifw,fß
cifru&ifvsm;ESifha_y;0ifvmumarmifh udkaqmifhwGef;vdkufonf ? vd+ifurcsKdrcsOf
rsufE SmESifhcsmueJvSnfh xGufoGm;onf?
Þarmifb,fwkef;uvd+ifh udk&dk ufzl;vdkhvJß
Þvd+ifa_ymwmawGcif rjum;w,f qdkß

Þuav;yJ/ola_ymcsif&ma_ymrSmayghß
Þarmif ht rS m;yJxm;vdkufy gawmhcifr&,fß
xdknucifruarmifhudk vHk;0cGifh ray;?
Þcif ruvJ uGm/a&csKd;^yD;rS/uJyg'DbufvSnf hp rf;ygqdkß
Þz,fprf;yguGm/pd wf rygbl;ß
ÞwcgxJyguGmß
ÞwcgvJ r&bl;/w0ufvJ r&bl;ß
Þarmif hu dkcspfw,fqdkß
Þrcspfbl;ß
Þ'gqdka rmif td rfay:uqif;oGm;rSmß
ÞoGm;av/oGm;aygh/zmrawGq DoGm;^yD;vdkh uawmh'Du[mrudk vmvk yfzdkh rpOf;pm;eJhß
xdkwpfnvHk;pum;taumif;ra_ymawmhay?armifh rSmonf_y\emrav;vd+i f
ajumif hxdk'k =awGudkcHcJh&onfrSmjumvS^yD?
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Þarmif /nutd yf raysmfbl;vm;ß
Þtif;aygh/cGJrSrcGJbl; wmß
Þcif rawmifilu_yefvmawmhyify ef;vmrS myJa emfß
Þarmif vky f csifaew,f r[k wfvm;ß
cifruxrDudkuGif; vHk;c|wfumarmifhykqdk;udkc |wfay;&if;a_ymonf ?cifr.Ek e,f
azG;qGwfaomvufacsmif;av;rsm;uarmifhvD;}uD; udk&G& Gav;udkif&if ;yGwf wdkuf upm;
aeavonf ?
Þ'Daumif }uD;nuwpfniwfo Gm;wmayghß
armifhvuf uvnf;El;nHhtdpufIacsmrGwf wif;rmaeaomcifr.apmuf zkwf }uD ;
udkE d+ uf&if;Þ'g}uD;uvJ nu&Gpd& Gpd_ zpfaerSmayghß [ktm;usrcHa_ymaomtcgcif ru&,f
onf?
ÞwpfrsKd;yJarmif&Jh /armifh [m}uD;udk r_rif&if cifraeEd kif w,f/tJtckvdk udkifr d&iftJ'DtxJ
rS m&dk;wdk;&Gw}uD;_zpf vmw,fß
ÞcH csifvmwmvm;ß
Þtif;aygh/^yD;awmh'g}uD;avßcifruarmif h vD;'pf }uD;udkvuf!d+; _zifhomomav;zd&if;
udkifv+y f_yonf?

ÞtJ 'g'pf aygh cifr&Jhß
ÞtJ 'D 'pf }uD; ucifr&J h[d ktpdav;udk csdw fqGJovdk_zpfo Gm;&ifodyft&om&SdwmyJß
Þ'Dnrdk;tvif;udkif&atmifaemfc ifrß
Þarmif hoabmß
Þcif rcHEdkify ghrvm;ß
Þtr,farmifomwpf csDESpfcsDeJhz vufß
ÞuJu Gm/avmif; rvm;ß
Þbmaju;vJß
ÞyavGeJhb m*smaju;ß
Þ[if;olemaetHk; r,f/armif[mavwu,fvnfw,fß
cifrua_yma_ymqd kqdkapmufzkwf} uD;xJodkh vufacsmif; xdk;oGif;umar$aESmuf a e
aomarmifhvufudkz,f&if;td yfa e&mrSxd kifvdk uf .?Þarmifhud ktay:pD;uES dyf pufrvdkhß [k
a_ym&if;axmifaeaomarmif hvD;}uD;ay:odkhum;,m;av;cGum'l; udk !Gw fcsvdkufonf ?
apmufzkwft0odkhvD;}uD;pGyf ueJ0ifoGm;pOfÞ',f'Dav;/rmrDwHcg;zGifhygtHk;ß
armifacgif;ebrf; }uD; oGm;umvl; vJxonf?cifruxrD udkuref;uwrf;qGJ0wf
onf?
ÞbmvJvd +if /bmvJ[if ß
Þvl/vl td rf a&ShrSmß
armifuoG ufvufpGmxumay:wDu dk rD; ud kzGifhvdkufonf ?tvkyfo rm;wef; rS udk
ompdefudkÞ*suf uDh udk }ud K;a_zay;xm;vm;ß
Þ*sufuDhudka_cmufem&Duwnf;uv$wfx m;wmß
Þvd+ifu vlawGhw,fqdkvdkhß
Þrif;udkvd+if uaemufvdkuf_ yef^yDxifw,f/aetHk;cif rawmifil roGm ;cifnuvd+if rif;wdkh tcef ;
rS macsmif;junf haewmigawGhw,fuGß
cifrawmif ilroGm;cif nuarmif ESifhcifryka vGr+w f/bm*smpky fvkyfaeju_cif;_zpf
onf?armiftay:xyf odkh_yefa&mufaomtcgvd+if ucif rudk cGxm;umtd yfcsif[efaqmif
aejuonf?armifucifrESifhnD wlavmuf&Sdaomvd+ifhaygif vHk;}uD;rsm;udkai;aepOf Þbm
junfhaewmvJß
vd+if uausmay;xm;aomfvnf;cifrurla rmifhrsufES mudk_rifyHk&onf?zswfueJ
rsufvHk;zGifh umar;vkduf_cif;_zpf onf?

Þvd+ifri,fawmhbl;aemfa rmifß
Þ[ifcifr 'gudktck rSo dvm;/olhtoufu(16)ESp favß
xdktcgcifrouf_yif;csonf?armifa'goxGufaerSef;odaomcifrut_yHK;av;ESifh
tdyf &mrSxvm&if;armifhE+wf crf;udka rmif pGJvrf;aomterf;rsKd;_zifhp kyf a y;vdkufo nf?
armifuvnf;aoavmufatmifpdwfqdk;ae/a'go_zpfaeygapcifrutJovdk erf;vdkuf
v#if'dkif; ueJaxmifxvmonf?
Þarmif utJ'gcspfzdkh aumif;wmß[ka_ym&if;olr .Edkh}uD;ESpfvH k;udka rmifh&ifbwfE S ifhxd
uyfvdkufo nf?armif ucifrEdkh }uD;rsm;udkpky faepOfcifr.a_caxmufES pfacsmif;uarmifh
cg;udk uwf aju;udk uf!S yf&if;ykqdk;udka_crESifh !Syfumc|wfvdkufonf?
Þarmif awmfawmhuGm/Edkhcsnf;yJzdpdkh raeeJhß
cifrua_ym&if;ukwifab;&Sdt&uf cGufudk,l umÞeJeJaomufjunfhuGmß
Þtmr}ud K ufbl;/cg;w,fß
ÞeJeJygqdk /a&mh'g0DpuDß
Þraomufc sifbl;uGmß
Þr[kwfbl;armif&J h/t&ufaomuf ^yD;vkyf&iftjum}uD;vk yfEdkifw,f wJhß
cifrtwif;wdk ufo_zifh armifwpfcG ufaomufumcifrudk wpfudk,fv Hk;c|wf^yD;pd rf
a_yea_yorav&mcifrtawmfav;aysmh usoGm;&Smonf?
Þcif roHk;csDawmif^yD;w,f/armif a&mß
Þ'DwpfcsDyJ/ vD;udky laewmyJ/t&ufuawmfa wmfpGrf;om;yJß
Þaemif udkarmifaomuf^yD; rSvkyfaemf/armifht}udK ufcif uk ef;ay;r,favß
Þcif ryifyef ;rSmayghß
Þtr,fav;/cH r,f hol ucHE dkifygw,fqdk wmawmifolurlaeao;w,fß
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Þarmif /'DtacGjunfh&atmifß
ÞbmtacGvJcif rß
Þvdif ynmay;vdk ha_ymwmyJß
[ka_ym&if; atmufp uf xJodkhtacGudkxdk;oGif; umpufud kzGifhvd ku fo nf?AD 'D,dkjunf hae&if; cifr
uarmifhvD; udk vufwpfzufESifhqkwfudkif&if;armifhaygifay:wufxdkifonf?armifh
vD; }uD; udkolr.apmufzkwf }uD;ESifhESJhonf ?armifhvufxJrSt&ufcGufudkvnf;iSJhx nfhay;
onf?onfum;onfatmvfawmh r[k wf ?&GH&SmzG,fvD;ESi fh apmufywfy,fy,fe,fe,f }uD;

0ifxGufyH kudkawmh r_yacs?_zLazG;aomtcsKd; tqpfuseonfhaumifrav;wpfa,mufu dk
vlxGm;}uD;wpfa,mufuenf;trsKd;rsKd;_zifh rk' d rf;usifhaomum;_zpf onf?o&kyfaqmif
*syef rav;.wGefhwufaumhvefoGm;yHkrSmtoufygvSo nf?armifh pd wfxJw Gifvd+ifESifhcyf
qifqifwl aomaumif rav;.cg;udktxuf odkhqGJaÕrmufvdk ufaomtcgacgif;ESifhausm
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r_yaomfvnf;vlx Gm;}uD;ucg;ao;ao;av;udk qGJumaqmifh vdk;aeyHkuvl rqefacs?
Þc%aetHk;/qD;oGm;tH k; r,fß
cifruarmifhvD;wef }uD;ay:rSq if;umatmufxyfodkhq if;onf?armifhvD;wef }uD;
urwfusef cJhonf ?armifut&uf udko mquf umaomufaeonf?wD AGDudkyDyDoorawGh
awmh ?onfrSmvd+if0if vmonf ?armifhvD;wef} uD; udk junfh&if;armifht em;odkhvd+ifa&muf
vmonf?AD 'D,d ktacG rS tm;ueJ tm;ueJatmfaeaom*syef av;.toHuvnf;wpfudk,f
vHk;udkylxlvmaponf?vd +ifhaoG;om;awG ql a0aomif; usef;vmonf? vd+ifhvufuav;
uawmifaeaomvD;}uD;udk r&Jw&J udkifonf? xdkhaemufylaEG;vH k;uspf aeaomarmifhvD;
xdyf eDeD& J&J}uD;ukd pdk0if;a_ymifvufaeaomE+wfcrf;av;rsm;_zifhxd&Hkav;acgif;udk cg,rf;
umyGwf ay;ae&mvD;wef}uD;rSmE+wfc rf; eDav;rsm;ayusHumqwfqwfcgoGm;avonf?
armifu&Da0aomrsuf vHk;tpHkud ktwif;_zJjunfh^yD;vd +ifhacgif;av;udkvufESp f buf_zifh
!SyfumvD;wef}uD;udk txufo dkhaumh aumh^yD;vd+ifhyg;pyftwGif;odkhvdk;oGif;.?vd+if u
armif_yKor#^id rfae&if ;v#mav;_zifhvD;xdyfudk tkyfumpk yf,lay;vd kufaomtcgarmifh
wpfudk,fvHk;wk efcgoGm;onf?armif urwfwyf&yfvdkufumvd+ifhykcHk; av;ESpfbufudk qGJ,l
Iqdkzmaemuf rS Dodkh axmufap^yD;zif}uD;udk ukef;xm;vdkufaponf?vd+ifurdef;armaeum
armifudkif wG,f_yK_yif ay;onfht wdkif;yHkpHwusav;uke f;ay;xm;vdkuf .?EkEkxG wfxGwf
apmufzkwfav;uzifjum;atmuf rS yifhxGuf_yL;0if;vmonf ?armifuvuf_zifhapmuf
zkwf }uD; udkAdkufatmufrSp^yD;zifjum;twdkif;ausm_yifav;wpf av#muf &G&Gav;yGwf ay;
vdk ufaomtcgvd+ifhtlawGtoJawGtvdyfvdkufwdk;acGhv dyfw uf, m;,HoGm;onf? vd+if h
E+wfzsm;rS ryDro^iD;oH av;yifxGufvmonf?
Þt t[ [ifh [ifh t[ifhß
cg;ao;ao;av;cG uf0if atmifaumhay;xm;aomvd+ifhzif }uD;rsm;rSmvHk; 0ef; um
wif;a_ymifae^yD;apmufzk wf }uD;rS mrufarmp&m/vdk; csifp&m_zpf aeonf?armifuaemuf
odkhtHkvdkuf}uD;xGu faeaomapmufzkwf}uD;.t0wGifvD;wef} uD; ud kawh umtomt,m
wGef;zdESpfoG if;vdkufo nf?vD;}uD; uauG;oGm;^yD;txJo dk hr0if ao;ay?armif uzifud k

tomv+yfumaemufwpf }ud rfxdk;oGif;vdkuf rS w_Apf_Apf _rnf umapmufzkw fav;twGif;
odkhvufav;vHk;cefh avsmueJx dk;cGJ^ yD;0ifoG m;onf?
Þtpf tpf tD;ß
vd+if uyg;&dk;av;rsm;axmifvmatmift Hudk} udw fumrsufpdudkwif;wif;rdSw fx m;
onf?qdkzmaemuf rS Dudkvufqpfav;rsm;azG; aeatmify ifwif;wif;juyf juyf }uD;qkyf
udkifx m;&Smonf?ausmtxd0JusaeaomqHE G ,frsm;uol rrsufE Smav;udkw0ufzHk;tkyf
xm;onf ?
Þ_Apf _yG wf yvyfß
quf wdkuf xGufay:vmaomtoHrsm;ESif htwl eifhoD;aoma0'emudkapmufacgif;
xJwGif_ynfh _ynfh juyfj uyf}uD;cHpm;vd kuf&^yD;&Swwvar$;tHk }uD;u0if;rGwf vHk;wif;ae
aomzifom;av;rsm;ESifhzduyfoGm;onfud kodvdk uf&onf ? Þtpf [ifh t[ifh t
tm; tifhß [laomtoHav;ESifhtoufatmifh umawmifhcHxm;aomvd+ifh rsufE S mav;
eD& JoGm;umapmufy wf ESpf_crf;udk oefrmpGm qGJ!Spf_ypfvdk ufrdawmhonf?vD;t&if;ydkif; ud k
om;a&uGif;ESifhtpD;cHvdkuf&ovdk armifcHpm;vdk uf&onf ?
Þaumif;vdkufw mcif r&,fß
armifu vd+ ifhausmay:udkarSm ufcs&if;a_ymvdk ufonf ?vD;wef}uD; u_znf;_znf;
csif;0if_znf;_znf;csif;xGuf vsufnifnifomomav;vdk; aeay^yD ?vd +ifuaumho xuf
aumhatmif cg;av;ud kcGufay;&if;OD;axmify JhaxmifyH kpHav;_zifhtvdk;cHae&Smygonf ?
av#mueJav#mueJtcsuf rSefrSef vkd;ay;aeaom'uf'Dav;vD;}uD;.t&omrS vd+if&kef;r
xGufE dkifatmif_zpf aeonf?odkhaomfvd +ifha pmufywf rSpD;usvmaomaoG;pD;ajumif;av;
udk rlESp fa,muf pvHk;owd rxm;rdacs?vD;ESif hapmufywfwif;juyfpGm0ifaeaomtayguf rS
vD;wef }uD;xGuf vmwdk if;aoG;rsm;yGu fueJ/yGuf ueJ usqif;aeonfudk_ rifaeolucif r?
olrutd yfcef;wHcg;0rSm&Sdaeonf ?wHcg;abmifudk axmufxm;aomcifrvufa wGu
atmufod khavsmqif;usoGm;onf?tm;wif; &yfxm;aomolr .'l;av;ESpfzufu!G wf us
vmonf?
Þ_yGwf yvyf _yGwf pGyfß
Þtpf tpf tifh tifh tif;ß
vd+if uawmhzif}uD;ukd b,fnmvdrfE GJh cg&rf;&if;avmuudkarhavsmh ae&Smonf?
vd+if.0if;rSnfh_ynfhwif ;aeaomEdkh vHk;vHk;av;ESpfzufudk* sKdif;atmuf rS v#KdqGJu mzdzd
aqmifh &if;t&omawGhaeaomarmifhrsuf vHk;rsm;uvnf;arS;pif;aeygonf?vd+ifuw

a_z;a_z;tm;r&awmh [ef_zifholr.zif0 dkif;0dkif;}uD; udk aemufo dkh aqmifhaqmifhw Gef;&if;
vD;udkapmufywft wG if;odkht qHk; 0ifatmif_ yef aqmifhaeavonf?cifrem;vnfEdk ifyg
w,f? cif rpGefh v$wfE dkify gw,f? cif rwkdhtck vdk wd kufeJhum;eJha eEdkif wmwu,fawmhvd+ifh
rdbESpf yg;&JhypPn f;awGajumif hyg?pOf ;pm;&if;cifrtouf& +usyfvmonf?&ifb wf xJu
atmifhvmonf?t_rif tm&H krsm;a00g;vmonf?xdkhaemuftif hueJwpfcsuf&d +uf umjurf ;
_yifESifhrsuf ESm uyfv suf^id rfusoGm;&Smonf?
Þaqmifhaqmifh/tm;cyf ememav;zdaqmifhvdkufp rf;yg'uf'Dav;&,f/tifh tifhtpftm;ß
vd+if uowd vuf vGw fav;a_ymvdk ufonf?armifuvD;wef} uD; udkt_yifbufodkh
u|wfxGuf vkeD;yg;qG JE+wf&if;_Apf ueJ wpfcsufxJzdoGif;umvd+ifhzif }uD;udkaygifwGif;om;
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