Input & Output Devices

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Input Devices Page 2 .

touch screen . rectangle etc. Page 3 . pen devices . Wireless keyboards have become popular for their increased user freedom and easy to use. A single Left click is used to select an item and when double clicking on that item activates the application. Dragging and Dropping makes easy to move icons or item on the screen. In computer a keyboard is like a typewriter style keyboard which is an arrangement of buttons or keys. The QWERTZ layout is widely used in Germany and much in Europe. There are many types of Input devices: 1. Mouse is also used for drawing shapes like circle.INPUT DEVICES In computer input devices is used provide data and signals to an information processing system such as computer. KEYBOARD A keyboard is a interface device which is represented as a layout of buttons. The Right click displays a list of menu or commands on the screen. The Left mouse button is used more than the Right mouse button. voice recognition etc keyboard is the most commonly used and most versatile device used for direct input into computer. square . The difference between it and QWERTY is that Y and Z are swapped or interchanged and most special characters such as brackets are replaced by diacritical characters. Input and output devices make up the hardware interface between a computer and a input device. Earlier Herman Hollerith developed the first keypunch devices which soon evolved to include keys for text and number entry like normal typewriters. 2. MOUSE Mouse is the most commonly used input devices and pointing device that lets you select and move item on desktop. Despite of the alternative input devices such as the mouse . It also acts as switches. There are a number of different arrangements of alphabetic and numeric symbol on keys.

The scanned data was converted into digital images and shows on the computer screen. The pointer on the screen moves according to the movement of the ball which is detected by the mechanical sensors which is in the mouse. SCANNER It is an input device that scans the text. It is having laser technology which is used to detect the movement of the mouse. 3. In the drum scanner the light from the object which is to scanned is split into separate red blue and green beams optically making image preside. The difference is that it uses optical sensors to detect the movement. documents. B. C. 4 . Opto-Mechanical Mouse: This type of the mouse is similar to the mechanical mouse. An optical mouse is more easyefficient and expensive than mechanical and optomechanical mouse. images etc. There are different types of scanner: D. Drum Scanner: Page This is the most efficient and expensive scanner.There are different types of Mouse: A. Its uses a rotating glass to drum to scan. Optical Mouse: Optical Mouse does not have any mechanism. This mechanism is called Photo Multiplier Tubes technology. Mechanical Mouse: This is the type of mouse which has a metal or rubber ball on its lower side.

Bar code scanner is one of the most utilized hand held scanners. Laser Scanners Laser Scanners work the same way as pen type readers except that they use laser beam as the light source. newspaper.E. Pen Type Reader This type of reader consists of light source. There are many types of bar code readers: G. In both pen reader and laser reader the light emitted by the reader is rapidly varied in brightness with a data Page 5 . These scanners are operator by hand. It is a very useful device for billing application. It is the combination of dark and light strips. F. In a flatbed Scanner the object to be scanned is placed face down on the glass of the scanner. This scanner is used in school. Flatbed Scanner: It looks like miniature printer with flip up cover protecting the glass window. homes and offices. lens and a light sensor. A bar code consists of a light source. It is difficult to operate this scanner. photos etc. It used charged coupled devices technology to read the entire area optically. 4. articles. Depending upon the size a flatbed scanner can fit the standard or any size of the document and cover allows scanning books. BAR CODE READER It is an input device used for reading bar codes on the products. Handheld Scanner: It is a small manual scanner which is dragged over the surface of the image to be scanned. To read the bar code the one holding the pen must move the tip of it across the bars at a relativity uniform speed. H.

CCD Reader CCD reader use an array of hundreds of tiny light sensors lined up in a row in the head of the reader. Loraine is cited by the Oxford English Dictionary for using the term Joystick in his diary in 1909 when he went to Pal to learn to fly at Bleriot's school.Pelterie.pattern and detect only signals with the same modulated pattern. Page 6 . It is normally used in video games. underwater. JOYSTICK A Joystick is an input device which allows the user to move an object on the screen. It has a moving stick with some push buttons on it. He is alleged to have invented the George Stick which became more popularly known as the joystick. In fact the stick movement is similar to gear of the car. The physical movements of the stick are sent to the computer as input to move the cursor or the object at different positions on the screen. trucks. The name Joystick is thought to originate with early 20th century French pilot Robert Esnault . 5. vehicles. Joysticks originated as controls for aircraft ailerons and elevators. Joystick is also used of controlling machines such as cranes. The George and Job-ling aircraft control column is in the collection of the Discovery Museum in Newcastle upon Tyre. wheelchairs etc. A popular variation of the joystick used on the modem video games. England. in combination with a foot-operated rudder bar for the yaw control surface on the tail. Each sensor measures the intensity of the light sensor in the CCD reader is extremely small. and are first known to have been used as such on Louis Bleriot's Bleriot VIII aircraft of 1908. George was a pioneer aviator who with his colleague Job-ling built and flew a biplane at Newcastle in England in 1910. There are also competing claims on behalf of fellow pilots Robert Loraine.E Gorge. I. and A.

VoIP. wav file. piezoelectric generation. This is usually achieved by the light pen causing an interrupt. and often an electronic circuit to adapt the output of the capsule to the equipment being driven. the X. It is similar to touch screen. motion picture production. or light modulation to produce an electrical voltage signal from mechanical vibration. karaoke systems. some means of bringing the signal from the element to other equipment. Most microphones today use electromagnetic induction. A light pen is fairly simple to implement. The sensitive transducer element of a microphone is called its element or capsule. Microphones are used in many applications such as telephone. Just like a light gun. MICRO PHONE It is an input device used to record and store voice or any other sound into a computer generally as a . FRS radios. By noting exactly where the scanning has reached at that moment. in radio and televisions broadcasting and in computers for recording voice. It is also used to record a narration in a power point presentation. live and recorded audio engineering. It is very easy to use. tape recorders. hearing aids. A microphone is an acoustic-to-electric transducer or sensor that converts sound into an electrical signal. speech recognition. at which point the scan Page 7 . A complete microphone also includes a housing. capacitance change. megaphones. It allows the user to point on display object. Generally it is used to separate component for desktop but can be seen as an integrated component in some laptops. and for non-acoustic purposes such as ultrasonic checking or knock sensors. 7. You can notice a special port in these computers where microphones can be connected. A wireless microphone contains a radio transmitter. LIGHT PEN It is a light sensitive pointing device commonly used to select or modify data on the screen. a light pen works by sensing the sudden small change in brightness of a point on the screen when the electron gun refreshes that spot.6.Y position of the pen can be resolved.

position can be read from a special register.HGC and some EGA graphics cards featured a connector for a light pen as well. or computed from a counter or timer. It was notable for its use in the Fairlight CMI. Some digital cameras can crop and stich pictures and performs other elementary image editing. IBM PC compatible CGA. the light pen fell out of use as a general purpose input device. typically using a lens with a variable diaphragm to focus light onto an image pickup device. However. Many digital cameras can also record moving video with sound. DIGITAL CAMERA A digital camera is a camera that takes video or still photographs by recording images on an electronic image sensor. unlike film cameras. The first light pen was created around 1952 as part of the Whirlwind project at MIT. 8. Because the user was required to hold his or her arm in front of the screen for long periods of time or to use a desk that tilts the monitor. It is used for video conferencing and online chatting. and store and delete images from memory. just as with film but the image pickup device is electronic rather than chemical. It does not require any film roll like normal camera. A web cam is also a kind of digital camera connect to computer. Page 8 . The pen position is updated on every refresh of the screen. The light pen found use during the early 1980s. such as the Thomson MO5 computer family as well as the Atari 8 bit home computers. Digital and film cameras share an optical system. The diaphragm and shutter admit the correct amount of light to the image. Even some consumer products were given light pens. digital cameras can display images on a screen immediately after being recorded. Most cameras sold today are digital and digital cameras are incorporated into many devices ranging from PDA and mobile phones to vehicles. and the BBC Micro.

A controller is usually connected to a game console or computer by means of a wire or cord. and for recording social videos. First developed in 1991. permitting computers to act as videophones or video conference station. an image sensor. 10. typically to control an object or character in the game. The camera was finally switched off on August 22. etc. Ethernet. game pads. Other popular uses include security surveillance. although wireless controllers are also widespread. The final image captured by the camera can still be viewed at its homepage. video broadcasting. Web cams are known for their low manufacturing cost and flexibility. or WIFI. 2001. Fixed focus lenses. computer vision. which have no provision for adjustment. They have also become a source of security and privacy issues. mice. Their most popular use is the establishment of video links. WEB CAM A web cam is a video camera that feeds its images in real time to a computer or computer network. The oldest web cam still operating is Fog Cam at San Francisco State University. making them the lowest cost form of video telephony. a web cam was pointed at the Cambridge University Computer Science Department. Various lenses are available.9. Web cams typically include a lens. and may also include a microphone for sound. support electronics. as some built-in web cams can be remotely activated via spy ware. which has been running continuously since 1994. joysticks. are also available. Input devices that have been classified as game controllers include keyboards. GAME CONTROLLER A game controller is a device used with games or entertainment systems to provide input to a video game. often via USB. the most common in consumer-grade web cams being a plastic lens that can be screwed in and out to focus the camera. such as steering wheels Page 9 . Special purpose devices. The common use as a video camera for the World Wide Web gave the web cam its name.

Game pads are the primary means of input on nearly all modern video game consoles. Devices such as mice and keyboards can be emulated with a game pad through the use of programs such as Joystick. They are held in both hands with thumbs and fingers used to provide input.for driving games and light guns for shooting games. 11. where a variety of games and emulators support their input. A version for Windows was released on February 1. Due to the ease of use and precision of game pads. 2010 and in Japan on November 20. 2010. Kinect was launched in North America on November 4. are also game controllers. Action buttons are generally handled with the digits on the right hand. After selling a total of 8 million units in its first 60 days. New Zeal and and Singapore on November 18. and the directional input handled with the left. 2010. also known as a joy pad. through a natural user interface using gestures and spoken commands. is the most common kind of game controller.in Europe on November 10. the Kinect holds the Guinness World Record of being the "fastest selling consumer electronics device". Game pads can have a number of action buttons combined with one or more Omni-directional control sticks or buttons. they have spread from their origin on traditional consoles to computers. Based around a web cam-style add-on peripheral for the Xbox 360 console. Page 10 . respectively. Kinect competes with the Wii Remote Plus and PlayStation Move with PlayStation Eye motion controllers for the Wii and PlayStation 3 home consoles. Purchase options for the sensor peripheral include a bundle with the game Kinect Adventures and console bundles with either a 4 GB15 16 17or 250 GB 18 Xbox 360 console and Kinect Adventures. A game pad. 2010 in Australia. KINECT Kinect is a motion sensing input device by Microsoft for the Xbox 360 video game console and Windows PCs. The project is aimed at broadening the Xbox 360's audience beyond its typical gamer base. it enables users to control and interact with the Xbox 360 without the need to touch a game controller. 2012.19 20 21 18 million units of the Kinect sensor had been shipped as of January 2012.

Output Devices Page 11 .

IBM introduced the Color Graphics Adapter. have built-in network interfaces. The common aspect ratio of televisions. Many printers are primarily used as local peripherals. The monitors were monochrome. A computer can have several output devices attached to it. has also changed from 4:3 to 16:9. 2. typically wireless or Ethernet based. MONITOR Monitor is the most common output device. and are attached by a printer cable or. Until the early 1980s. and can serve as a Page 12 . It is just like television. usually on physical print media such as paper or transparencies. Some of the common output devices are: 1. and then computer monitors. commonly known as network printers. in most new printers. computers have been used for both data processing and entertainment. From the 1980s onwards. Some printers. a printer is a peripheral which produces a text or graphics of documents stored in electronic form. It is also called Visual Display Unit. In 1981. they were known as video display terminals and were physically attached to the computer and keyboard. Originally. PRINTERS In computing. a USB cable to a computer which serves as a document source. The first computer monitors used cathode ray tubes. flickered and the image quality was poor.Output Devices The output device is used for printing the processed data in a user readable form. while televisions have implemented some computer functionality. In 1984 IBM introduced the Enhanced Graphics Adapter which was capable of producing 16 colors and had a resolution of 640 by 350. which could display four colors with a resolution of 320 by 200 pixels. computer monitors were used for data processing while television receivers were used for entertainment.

Pen plotters can draw complex line art. maps etc. Individual printers are often designed to support both local and network connected users at the same time. and copying among their many features. This means that plotters are restricted to line art. including text. It is capable of producing graphs. Plotters offered the fastest way to efficiently produce very large drawings or color highresolution vector-based artwork when computer memory was very expensive and processor power was very limited. rather than raster graphics as with other printers. because in many uses. and have been replaced by large-format inkjet printers and LED toner based printers. In addition. or all-in-one (AIO) printers. It interprets computer commands and makes line drawings on paper using multicolored automated pens. Most MFPs include printing. Page 13 . 3. but can hatch an area by drawing a number of close. regular lines. Computer Aided Engineering (CAE) applications like CAD (Computer Aided Design) and CAM (Computer Aided Manufacturing) are typical usage are Plotter. or to image capture devices such as digital cameras and scanners.hard copy device for any user on the network. PLOTTER Plotters are used to print graphical output on paper. charts. some printers are combined with scanners or fax machines in a single unit. Such devices may still understand vector languages originally designed for plotter use. scanning. Printers that include non-printing features are sometimes called multifunction printers . Pen plotters print by moving a pen or other instrument across the surface of a piece of paper. multi-function devices (MFD). drawings. a few modern printers can directly interface to electronic media such as memory cards. they offer a more efficient alternative to raster data. but do so slowly because of the mechanical movement of the pens. They are often incapable of efficiently creating a solid region of color. and other types of printers had limited graphic output capabilities. and can function asphoto copiers. Pen plotters have essentially become obsolete.

The computer speakers typically packaged with computer systems are small. A plug and socket for a twowire coaxial cable is widely used to connect analog audio and video components. and these units usually include the power amplifiers both for the bass speaker.5 watts of output power. The prong is 1/8" thick by 5/16" long. They often have a low-power internal amplifier.4. Rows of RCA sockets are found on the backs of stereo amplifier and numerous A/V products. Computer speakers range widely in quality and in price. The standard audio connection is a 3. to enhance bass output. usually an AC adapter. are speakers external to a computer that disable the lower fidelity built-in speaker. There are also USB speakers which are powered from the 5 volts at 500 milliamps provided by the USB port. and the small satellite speakers. allowing about 2. or multimedia speakers. A few use an RCA connector for input.5 mm stereo jack plug often color-coded lime green for computer sound cards. Some computer speakers have equalization features such as bass and treble controls. plastic. SPEAKER Computer speakers. and have mediocre sound quality. The internal amplifiers require an external power source. More sophisticated computer speakers can have a subwoofer unit. Page 14 .

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