# SECTION I

This section contains 25 questions 1. Consider the set S ={2, 3, 4, ...., 2n+l}, where n is a positive integer larger than 2007. Define X as the average of the odd integers in S and Y as the average of the even integers in S. What is the value of X–Y? (1) 0 (2) 1 (3) (5) 2.

1 n 2 2008

(4)

n +1 2n

Te n y e a r s a g o , t h e a g e s o f t h e m e m b e r s o f a j o i n t f a m i l y o f e i g h t p e o p l e a d d e d u p t o 2 3 1 y e a r s . Three years later, one member died at the age of 60 years and a child was born during the same year. After another three years, one more member died, again at 60, and a child was born during the same year. The current average age of this eight-member joint family is nearest to (1) 23 years (2) 22 years (3) 21 years (4) 25 years (5) 24 years A function f (X) satisfies f (1) = 3600, and f (l) + f (2)+ ... +f (n) =n2 f (n), for all positive integers n > 1. What is the value of f (9) ? (1) 80 (2) 240 (3) 200 (4) 100 (5) 120 S u p p o s e y o u h a v e a c u r r e n c y, n a m e d M i s o , i n t h r e e d e n o m i n a t i o n s : 1 M i s o , 1 0 M i s o s a n d 5 0 Misos. In how many ways can you pay a bill of 107 Misos? (1) 17 (2) 16 (3) 18 (4) 15 (5) 19 A confused bank teller transposed the rupees and paise when he cashed a cheque for Shailaja, giving her rupees instead of paise and paise instead of rupees. After buying a toffee for 50 paise, Shailaja noticed that she was left with exactly three times as much as the amount on the cheque. Which of the following is a valid statement about the cheque amount? (1) Over Rupees 13 but less than Rupees 14 (2) Over Rupees 7 but less than Rupees 8 (3) Over Rupees 22 but less than Rupees 23 (4) Over Rupees 18 but less than Rupees 19 (5) Over Rupees 4 but less than Rupees 5 How many pairs of positive integers m, n satisfy

3.

4.

5.

6.

1 4 1 + = , m n 12
where n is an odd integer less than 60? (1) 6 (3) 7 (5) 3
1

(2) (4)

4 5

Directions for Questions 7 through 10: Each question is followed by two statements A and B. Indicate your responses based on the following directives: Mark Mark Mark Mark 7. (1) (2) (3) (4) if if if if the question can be answered using A alone but not using B alone. the question can be answered using B alone but not using A alone. the question can be answered using A and B together, but not using either A or B alone. the question cannot be answered even using A and B together.

The average weight of a class of 100 students is 45 kg. The class consists of two sections, I and II, each with 50 students. The average weight, W I , of Section I is smaller than the average weight, W II , of Section II. If the heaviest student, say Deepak, of Section II is moved to Section I, and the lightest student, say Poonam, of Section I is moved to Section II, then the average weights of the two sections are switched, i.e., the average weight of Section I becomes W II and that of Section II becomes W I . What is the weight of Poonam? A: W II – W I = 1.0 B: Moving Deepak from Section II to I (without any move from I to II) makes the average weights of the two sections equal. ABC Corporation is required to maintain at least 400 Kilolitres of water at all times in its factory, in order to meet safety and regulatory requirements. ABC is considering the suitability of a spherical tank with uniform wall thickness for the purpose. The outer diameter of the tank is 10 meters. Is the tank capacity adequate to meet ABC’s requirements? A: The inner diameter of the tank is at least 8 meters. B: The tank weighs 30,000 kg when empty, and is made of a material with density of 3 gm/cc. Consider integers x, y and z. What is the minimum possible value of x 2 + y 2 + z 2 ? A: x + y + z = 89 B: Among x, y, z two are equal.

8.

9.

10. R a h i m p l a n s t o d r a w a s q u a r e J K L M w i t h a p o i n t O o n t h e s i d e J K b u t i s n o t s u c c e s s f u l . W h y i s Rahim unable to draw the square? A: The length of OM is twice that of OL. B: The length of OM is 4 cm.

2

Directions for Questions 11 and 12: Cities A and B are in different time zones. A is located 3000 km east of B. The table below describes the schedule of an airline operating non-stop flights between A and B. All the times indicated are local and on the same day.

Departure City B A Time 8:00 AM 4:00 PM City A B

Arrival Time 3:00 PM 8:00 PM

Assume that planes cruise at the same speed in both directions. However, the effective speed is influenced by a steady wind blowing from east to west at 50 km per hour. 11. What is the time difference between A and B? (1) 1 hour and 30 minutes (3) 2 hours and 30 minutes (5) Cannot be determined 12. What is the plane’s cruising speed in km per hour? (1) 700 (3) 600 (5) Cannot be determined.

(2) (4)

2 hours 1 hour

(2) (4)

550 500

Directions for Questions 13 and 14: Shabnam is considering three alternatives to invest her surplus cash for a week. She wishes to guarantee maximum returns on her investment. She has three options, each of which can be utilized fully or partially in conjunction with others. Option A: Invest in a public sector bank. It promises a return of +0.10%. Option B: Invest in mutual funds of ABC Ltd. A rise in the stock market will result in a return of +5%, while a fall will entail a return of – 3%. Option C: Invest in mutual funds of CBA Ltd. A rise in the stock market will result in a return of – 2.5%, while a fall will entail a return of + 2%. 13. The maximum guaranteed return to Shabnam is (1) 0.25% (3) 0.20% (5) 0.30%

(2) (4)

0.10% 0.15%

14. What strategy will maximize the guaranteed return to Shabnam? (1) 100% in option A (2) 36% in option B and 64% in option C (3) 64% in option B and 36% in option C (4) 1/3 in each of the three options (5) 30% in option A, 32% in option B and 38% in option C

3

Directions for Questions 15 and 16: Let S be the set of all pairs (i, j) where 1 ≤ i < j ≤ n , and n ≤ 4. Any two distinct members of S are called “friends” if they have one constituent of the pairs in common and “enemies” otherwise. For example, if n = 4, then S = {(1, 2), (1, 3), (1, 4), (2, 3), (2, 4), (3, 4)}. Here, (1, 2) and (1, 3) are friends, (1,2) and (2, 3) are also friends, but (1,4) and (2, 3) are enemies. 15. For general n, how many enemies will each member of 5 have? (l) n–3 (2)

1 2 (n – 3n – 2) 2 1 2 (n – 5n – 6) 2

(3)

2n – 7

(4)

(5)

1 2 (n – 7n – 14) 2

16. For general n, consider any two members of S that are friends. How many other members of S will be common friends of both these members? (1)

1 2 (n – 5n + 8) 2 1 n (n – 3) 2 1 2 (n – 7n + 16) 2

(2)

2n – 6

(3)

(4)

n–2

(5)

17. I n a t o u r n a m e n t , t h e r e a r e n t e a m s T 1 , T 2 . . . . . , T n w i t h n > 5 . E a c h t e a m c o n s i s t s o f k p l a y e r s , k > 3. The following pairs of teams have one player in common: T 1 & T 2 , T 2 & T 3 ,......, T n _ 1 & T n , and T n & T 1 . No other pair of teams has any player in common. How many players are participating in the tournament, considering all the n teams together? (1) n (k – 1) (2) k (n – 1) (3) n (k – 2) (4) k (k – 2) (5) (n – 1)(k – 1) 18. Consider four digit numbers for which the first two digits are equal and the last two digits are also equal. How many such numbers are perfect squares? (1) 3 (2) 2 (3) 4 (4) 0 (5) 1 Directions for Questions 19 and 20: Mr. David manufactures and sells a single product at a fixed price in a niche market. The selling price of each unit is Rs. 30. On the other hand, the cost, in rupees, of producing x units is 240 + bx + cx 2 , where b and c are some constants. Mr. David noticed that doubling the daily production from 20 to 40 units increases the daily production cost by 66-|%. However, an increase in daily production from 40 to 60 units results in an increase of only 50% in the daily production cost. Assume that demand is unlimited and that Mr. David can sell as much as he can produce. His objective is to maximize the profit. 19. How many units should Mr. David produce daily? (1) 130 (3) 70 (5) Cannot be determined
4

(2) (4)

100 150

What is the value of f (x) at x = 10? (1) –119 (2) –159 (3) –110 (4) –180 (5) –105 Directions for Questions 24 and 25: Let a 1= p and b 1 = q. on the n th day of 2007 (n = 1. What is the maximum daily profit. b n = qa n–1 . T h e p r i c e o f D a r j e e l i n g t e a ( i n r u p e e s p e r k i l o g r a m ) i s 1 0 0 + 0 . . then what is the smallest odd n such that a n +b n < 0. On which date in 2007 will the prices of these two varieties of tea be equal? (1) May 21 (2) April 11 (3) May 20 (4) April 10 (5) June 30 22. that Mr. The value of the function at x = 0 is 1. for even n > 1. David can realize from his business? (1) 620 (2) 920 (3) 840 (4) 760 (5) Cannot be determined 21. b n = qb n–1 .01? 3 3 (2) (4) 13 9 7 11 15 5 .. If p = (1) (3) (5) 1 2 and q = .. On the other hand. and a n = pa n–1 . and then remains constant.15n. 2. T h e c i r c l e s h a v e the same radii and neither P nor Q falls within the intersection of the circles. for odd n > 1. 1 0n . 24.. Which of the following best describes a n + b n for even n? (1) q(pq) 1 n – 1 (p+q) 2 (2) qp 1 n – 1 (p+q) 2 (3) (5) q 1 n (p+q) 2 1 1 n – 1 (p+q) n 2 2 (4) q 1 1 n (p+q) 2 n 2 q(pq) 25. o n t h e n th d a y o f 2 0 0 7 (n= 1 . 2. the price of Ooty tea (in rupees per kilogram) is 89 + 0. 100). What is the smallest range that includes all possible values of the angle AQP in degrees? (1) Between 0 and 90 (2) Between 0 and 30 (3) Between 0 and 60 (4) Between 0 and 75 (5) Between 0 and 45 23. 365). where p and q are positive quantities. A quadratic function f(x) attains a maximum of 3 at x = 1. Define a n = Pb n–1 .. Tw o c i r c l e s w i t h c e n t r e s P a n d Q c u t e a c h o t h e r a t t w o d i s t i n c t p o i n t s A a n d B ..20.. . in rupees.

R: 500. Q: 200.SECTION II This section contains 25 questions Directions for Questions 26 to 29: Answer the following questions based on the information given below: A health-drink company’s R&D department is trying to make various diet formulations. For a recuperating patient. Composition Ingredient 0 P Q R Carbohydrate % 50 80 10 5 45 Protein % 30 20 30 50 50 Fat % 10 0 50 40 0 Minerals % 10 0 10 5 5 S 26. P: 50. The table below gives the composition of these ingredients. It is considering a choice of 5 alternative ingredients (O. In what proportion P. (l) P and Q (2) P and S (3) P and R (4) Q and S (5) R and S 28. which can be used for certain specific purposes. the doctor recommended a diet containing 10% minerals and at least 30% protein. Which one of the following combinations of equally mixed ingredients is feasible? (l) O and P (2) R and S (3) P and S (4) Q and R (5) O and S 6 . and S). The company is planning to launch a balanced diet required for growth needs of adolescent children. P. S: 100. This diet must contain at least 30% each of carbohydrate and protein. which can be used in different proportions in the formulations. R. no more than 25% fat and at least 5% minerals. In how many different ways can we prepare this diet by mixing at least two ingredients? (l) One (2) Two (3) Three (4) Four (5) None 27. Which among the following is the formulation having the lowest cost per unit for a diet having 10% fat and at least 30% protein? The diet has to be formed by mixing two ingredients. Q and S should be mixed to make a diet having at least 60% carbohydrate at the lowest per unit cost? (1) 2 : 1 : 3 (2) 4 : 1 : 2 (3) 2 : 1 : 4 (4) 3 : 1: 2 (5) 4 : 1 : 1 29. Q. The cost per unit of each of these ingredients is O: 150.

Atul was the last rank holder. Bala was not among the top two rank holders. Thirty per cent of the employees of a call centre are males. Did it win the match? A. Mark (4) if the question can be answered by using both the statements together but not by either of the statements alone. at the half-time. How many top academic performers were in the school? A. Answer each question using the following instructions: Mark (1) if the question can be answered by using the statement A alone but not by using the statement B alone. B.DIRECTIONS for Questions 30 to 33: Each question is followed by two statements. In the second-half Mahindra and Mahindra Club scored four goals. Mark (5) if the question cannot be answered on the basis of the two statements. 33. Dev got a higher rank as compared to Ernesto. Chetan’s rank was lower than the median. In a particular school. They were ranked based on their scores in the contest. The opponent scored four goals in the match. Twenty five per cent of the employees have engineering background. In a football match. sixty students were athletes. 30. A and B. B. Number of male employees having an engineering background is 20% more than the number of female employees having an engineering background. Mark (3) if the question can be answered by using either of the statements alone. Chetan. while Bala got a higher rank as compared to Chetan. 32. 7 . What is the percentage of male employees with engineering background? A. B. Mark (2) if the question can be answered by using the statement B alone but not by using the statement A alone. Ten among them were also among the top academic performers. Dev and Ernesto were the only ones who participated in a quiz contest. Mahindra and Mahindra Club was trailing by three goals. Who among the five got the highest rank? A. B. All the top academic performers were not necessarily athletes. Ten per cent of the female employees have an engineering background. 31. Five students Atul. Sixty per cent of the top academic performers were not athletes. Bala.

If the company reduces the price by 5%. 125 per unit.900 24.000 400 800 30.Directions for Questions 34 to 37: Answer the following questions based on the information given below.200 22. Some costs change almost in direct proportion to the change in volume of production. Volume of production and sale (units) Costs (Rs.000 400 820 27.000 8 .800 Year 2005 1200 59. it can produce and sell as many units as it desires.900 (5) 32.000 5. Given that the company cannot sell more than 1700 units.) Material Labour Consumables Rent of building Rates and taxes Repair and maintenance expenses Operating cost of machines Selling and marketing expenses Year 2002 1000 50. while ‘ others do not follow any obvious pattern of change with respect to the volume of production and hence are considered fixed. How many units the company should produce to maximize its profit? (1) 1400 (2) 1600 (3) 1800 (4) 1900 (5) 2000 37.000 1.000 5.500 5.400 (4) 32.000 2. The following table shows the break-up of actual costs incurred by a company in last five years (year 2002 to year 2006) to produce a particular product. in rupees.200 400 800 36.750 Year 2003 900 45.000 1.000 24.000 5.100 18. if the company produces and sells 1400 units in the year 2007? (1) 104 (2) 107 (3) 110 (4) 115 (5) 116 35.400 (2) 24. and it will have to reduce the price by Rs. that the company can earn? (1) 25. what is the maximum profit. answer the following questions.800 Year 2004 1100 55. What is the approximate cost per unit in rupees.800 1.150 1.000 20.100 400 780 33.800 The production capacity of the company is 2000 units.000 2. What is the minimum number of units that the company needs to produce and sell to avoid any loss? (1) 313 (2) 350 (3) 384 (4) 747 (5) 928 36. The selling price for the year 2006 was Rs. if it wants to sell more than 1400 units. 34.600 1.200 1.400 1.100 1.020 5.5 for all units.400 (3) 31.100 400 790 36.750 Year 2006 1200 60. Using the information provided for the year 2006 as the basis for projecting the figures for the year 2007.

55 0. Male (M) 0. In Class 12. all other groups have same number of students. What is the difference between the number of female vegetarians and male non-vegetarians? (1) less than 8 (2) 10 (3) 12 (4) 14 (5) 16 40.DIRECTIONS for Questions 38 to 41: Answer the following questions based on the information given below. all other groups have same number of students.6 0. What is the percentage of male students in the secondary section? (1) 40 (2) 45 (3) 50 (5) 60 (4) 55 39.475 Vegetarian (V) 0. 80% of whom are in the Secondary Section and rest equally divided between Class 11 and 12.55 0. Which of the following statements is correct? (1) Except vegetarian males.5 0. (3) Except vegetarian females.53 Class 12 Class 11 Secondary Section Total 38. all other groups have same number of students. 50% of the students are vegetarian males. all other groups have same number of students. (2) Except non-vegetarian males. What is the percentage of vegetarian students in Class 12? (1) 40 (2) 45 (3) 50 (5) 60 (4) 55 41. In the Secondary Section. twenty five per cent of the vegetarians are male. (4) Except non-vegetarian females. The proportion of male students and the proportion of vegetarian students in a school are given below. The school has a total of 800 students. (5) All of the above groups have the same number of students. 9 .

89 Bahts 1. A poor quality of a surgery may have significant repercussions in future. of major surgeries in USA and a select few Asian countries. resulting in more cost in correcting mistakes.928 Rupees 3. in US Dollars. The cost of poor quality of surgery is given in the table below. Procedure Heart Bypass Heart Valve Replacement Angioplasty Hip Replacement Hysterectomy Knee Replacement Spinal Fusion Comparative Costs of poor quality in USA and some Asian countries (in US Dollars '000) USA India Thailand Singapor Malaysia 0 3 3 2 4 0 5 4 5 5 0 5 5 4 6 0 7 5 5 8 0 5 6 5 4 0 9 6 4 4 0 5 6 5 6 10 . India Malaysia Thailand Singapore 1 US Dollar equivalent 40.DIRECTIONS for Questions 42 to 45: Answer the following questions based on the information given below. The Table below shows the comparative costs.53 S Dollars A consulting firm found that the quality of the health services were not the same in all the countries above.51 Ringits 32. Comparative Costs in USA and some Asian countries (in US Dollars) USA India Thailand Singapor Malaysia 130000 10000 11000 18500 9000 160000 9000 10000 12500 9000 57000 11000 13000 13000 11000 43000 9000 12000 12000 10000 20000 3000 4500 6000 3000 40000 8500 10000 13000 8000 62000 5500 7000 9000 6000 Procedure Heart Bypass Heart Valve Replacement Angioplasty Hip Replacement Hysterectomy Knee Replacement Spinal Fusion The equivalent of one US Dollar in the local currencies is given below.

Which country will result in the cheapest package. What is the approximate difference in cost. in US Dollars. taking into account the cost of poor quality? It costs 7500 Bahts for oneway travel between Thailand and India. (1) 23500 (2) 40500 (3) 57500 (4) 67500 (5) 75000 45. hip replacement and a knee replacement. and all other things including quality. remain the same. Approximately.42. A US citizen is hurt in an accident and requires an angioplasty.35 for a US Dollar. The rupee value increases to Rs. what difference in amount in Bahts will it make to a Thai citizen if she were to get a hysterectomy done in India instead of in her native country. taking cost of poor quality into account? (1) India (2) Thailand (3) Malaysia (4) Singapore (5) USA 43. Taking the cost of poor quality into account. which country/countries will be the most expensive for knee replacement? (1) India (2) Thailand (3) Malaysia (4) Singapore (5) India and Singapore 44. Cost of foreign travel and stay is not a consideration since the government will take care of it. between Singapore and India for a Spinal Fusion. taking this change into account? (1) 700 (2) 2500 (3) 4500 (4) 8000 (5) No difference 11 .

A to J.) 670 1350 1250 1600 1700 2450 1850 2000 1900 2450 2275 450 430 1100 590 700 750 1250 2450 1700 1150 875 1050 950 1150 550 890 970 425 540 46. What is the lowest price. Travel is permitted only from a departure airport to an arrival airport.DIRECTIONS for Questions 46 to 50: Answer the following questions based on the information given below. Sector No. The company plans to introduce a direct flight between A and J. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 Airport of Departure A A A A A A A B B B B C C C D D D D D E E E F F F G G H H I Airport of Arrival B C D E F G H C H I J D F G E F G H J F G H G I J I J I J J Distance between the Airports (km) 560 790 850 1245 1345 1350 1950 1650 1750 2100 2300 460 410 910 540 625 640 950 1650 1250 970 850 900 875 970 510 830 790 400 460 Price (Rs. The market research results indicate that all its existing passengers travelling between A and J will use this direct flight if it is priced 5% below the minimum price that they pay at present. in rupees. The table below gives the distance between a pair of airports and the corresponding price charged by the company. for this direct flight? (1) 1991 (2) 2161 (3) 2707 (4) 2745 (5) 2783 12 . a passenger has to pay for travelling by the shortest route from A to J? (1) 2275 (2) 2850 (3) 2890 (4) 2930 (5) 3340 47. The customers do not travel by a route where they have to stop at more than two intermediate airports. in rupees. A low-cost airline company connects ten Indian cities. What should the company charge approximately.

in rupees.06 (5) 1.48.08 50. D and H are closed down owing to security reasons. If the prices include a margin of 15% over the total cost that the company incurs.77 (2) 0. what is the minimum cost per kilometer that the company incurs in flying from A to J? (1) 0.99 (4) 1. to be paid by a passenger travelling from A to J? (1) 2275 (2) 2615 (3) 2850 (4) 2945 (5) 3190 49.88 (3) 0. If the airports C. which among the following is the distance to be covered in flying from A to J that minimizes the total cost per kilometer for the company? (1) 2170 (2) 2180 (3) 2315 (4) 2350 (5) 2390 13 . what would be the minimum price. If the prices include a margin of 10% over the total cost that the company incurs.

We prescribe a clutch of norms or rules that govern the role of a mother. trying to imitate in his walk the inflexible stiffness of some kind of automaton while carrying his tray with the recklessness of a tightrope-walker. but it is not sufficient. parents and children. his voice. Giving birth is a necessary condition for being a mother. He bends forward a little too eagerly. We would not be surprised by the waitress who plays the part in such a way as to signal to us that she is much more than her occupation..All his behaviour seems to us a game. (4) Human behaviour depends on biological linkages and reciprocal roles. as the following from J. It is not enough to be evil or virtuous. because the metaphor of an actor in a play neatly expresses the rule-governed nature or scripted nature of much of social life and the sense that society is a joint production. but everywhere behaviour is coordinated by the reciprocal nature of roles. Sartre conveys. The American sociologist Erving Goffman built an influential body of social analysis on elaborations of the metaphor of social life as drama. his eyes express an interest a little too solicitous for the order of the customer.. Finally there he returns. Social life occurs only because people play their parts (and that is as true for war and conflicts as for peace and love) and those parts make sense only in the context of the overall show.P. The drama metaphor also reminds us of the artistic licence available to the players. 51. as adoption and fostering show. We can play a part straight or. The term ‘role’ is an appropriate one. He comes towards the patrons with a step a little too quick.SECTION III This section contains 25 questions Directions for Questions 51 to 53: The passage given below is followed by a set of three questions. a little too precise. Some roles are broader and more far-reaching than others. warlords and followers.. a little too rapid.But what is he playing? We need not watch long before we can explain it: he is playing at being a waiter in a cafe. That the social role is independent of the biological base can be demonstrated by going back three sentences.. Giving birth is certainly not sufficient to be a mother but. employers and employees. but cultures vary considerably in the prestige and power they accord to the elderly. we can ham it up. biological linkages provide the mechanism for coordinating human behaviour.. Let us consider this waiter in the cafe. each makes sense only in its relation to the other. it is not even necessary! The fine detail of what is expected of a mother or a father or a dutiful son differs from culture to culture. There is distinction between the roles we play and some underlying self. reciprocal roles provide the mechanism for coordinating human behaviour. We would be surprised and offended by the father who played his part ‘tongue in cheek’. Here we might note that some roles are more absorbing than others. Perhaps his most telling point was that it is only through acting out a part that we express character. What is the thematic highlight of this passage? (1) In the absence of strong biological linkages. We expect mothers to behave in maternal ways and to display appropriately maternal sentiments.. 14 . His movement is quick and forward. Human Biology does nothing to structure human society. Describing someone as a clergyman or faith healer would say far more about that person than describing someone as a bus driver. (3) Human behaviour is independent of biological linkages and reciprocal roles. (5) Reciprocal roles determine normative human behavior in society. Husbands and wives. teachers and pupils. we have to be seen to be evil or virtuous. Age may enfeeble us all. (2) In the absence of reciprocal roles. waiters and customers. Choose the most appropriate answer to each question.

That same year Israel’s Jewish Agency sent a Shaliach a sort of recruiter to Minneapolis. When I returned to home. 15 . however. It has been claimed in the passage that “some roles are more absorbing than others”. I became one of his most active devotees. (1) A only (2) B only (3) C only (4) A & B (5) B & C Directions for Questions 54 to 56: In each question.assuming hypothetically That they know how to . (1) A. D.52. Identify the sentence(s) or part(s) of sentence(s) that is/are correct in terms of grammar and usage. C. Some roles require development of skill and expertise leaving little time for manifestation of self. (3) Women would have adopted and fostered children rather than giving birth to them. C & E (5) C. choose the most appropriate option. A . which of the following seem(s) appropriate reason(s) for such a claim? A . A . According to passage. In the longer term. move the economy Out of slump .by a temporary stimuli. E. I began to read everything I could get my hand on about Israel. D. (5) Waiters would have stronger motivation to serve their customers. 53. C . Some roles carry great expectations from the society preventing manifestation of the true self. (1) C & E (2) C only (3) E only (4) B. B & E (2) B. The authorities can. in principle. Society ascribes so much importance to some roles that the conception of self may get aligned with the roles being performed. Which of the following would have been true if biological linkages structured human society? (1) The role of mother would have been defined through her reciprocal relationship with her children. B. (2) We would not have been offended by the father playing his role ‘tongue in cheek’. 54. (4) Even if warlords were physically weaker than their followers. E. there are five sentences or parts of sentences that form a paragraph. B . such policies have no affect on the overall behaviour of the economy. B. C & E (3) C & D (4) E only (5) B only 55. Then. C. D & E So once an economy is actually in recession. they would still dominate them.

and of barns in which to store the harvest. Choose the most appropriate answer to each question.56. Every civilized society lives and thrives on a silent but profound agreement as to what is to be accepted as the valid mould of experience. Democratic ideals have been handed to us from that time. In the blank confusion of infinite potentialities flotsam of significance gets attached to jetsam of experience. . A rowing boat sets out on a difficult passage. and inarticulate experience. The exploring spirit of art was in the depths of its consciousness still aware of a scheme of things into which to fit its exploits and creations. but deepen and purify the old. In such a culture. of homes to which to return. directing. seemingly idle. Then it was as though the discipline of the old order gave depth to the excitement of the breaking away. and Shakespeare its poetic consummation. Eliot's poem. B. dykes. unexercised.. There one must tolerate him. There is no sign yet of the destination. this is an unhelpful assertion.' 16 . stable and sure of itself within the frontiers of 'naturalized' experience.. for everything is sea. They do not create new experience. Suddenly a man. In this compassion was the creative genius of the age. In truth. the granite Into which it reaches.. the arts wield their creative power not so much in width as in depth. however elusively. 'I don't know why and how. his place and function in this age. breaks out into song. 'but suddenly I understood the situation of the poet. The periods of art which are most vigorous in creative passion seem to occur when the established pattern of experience loosens its rigidity without as yet losing its force. The oarsmen labour in exact rhythm. of incomparable conquests and irredeemable losses.. it still knew of harbours and anchors. Their works do not differ from one another like a new horizon from a new horizon. D. the depth of job and tragedy. (1) A. For. Civilization is a complex system of dams. The sea is all about us. The sea is the land's edge also. The works of the early Renaissance and the poetry of Shakespeare vibrate with the compassion for live experience in danger of dying from exposure and neglect. While the people next to him try to come to grips with the element that is next to them.and Rilke tells a story in which.' is Rilke's conclusion. But the more this scheme of things loses its stability. C. and articulating the influx of the surrounding fluid element. his voice seems to bind the boat to the farthest distance so that the farthest distance draws it towards itself.S. And if the labour of the oarsmen meaninglessly defeats the real resistance of the real waves. as in T. the more boundless and uncharted appears the ocean of potential exploration. C & D (3) B & D (4) B only (5) D only Directions for Questions 57 to 59: The passage given below is followed by a set of three questions. it is again the sea and the distance of 'other creation' that becomes the image of the poet's reality. a fertile fenland. E. the beaches where it tosses Its hints of earlier and other creation . The Greeks gave us the word. Such a period was the Renaissance. It does not matter if one denies him every place . Adventurers of experience set out as though in lifeboats to rescue and bring back to the shore treasures of knowing and feeling which the old order had left floating on the high seas. but like a madonna from a madonna. everything is at sea .except this one. it is the idle single who magically conquers the despair of apparent aimlessness. however.. A . B & D (2) B. Yet. and canals warding off. hence did not provide us with a model. it was a genius of courage. It is sometimes told that democratic government originated in the city-states of ancient Greece. elaborately drained and protected from the high tides of chaotic. not of desperate audacity.

The (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) sea and ‘other creation’ leads Rilke to Define the place of the poet in his culture. Stories can be about individuals. (2) Poets and artists who create their own genre. (3) The personification of a whole organization is important because stories differ depending on who is enacting various events. the focal actor(s) determine the level and unit of analysis used in a study. (5) The personification of a whole organization is a textual device we use to make macro-level theories more comprehensible. 17 . (4) Every story is told from a particular point of view. Delve into natural experience and real waves. In the passage. 60. Characters tie events in a story together and provide a thread of continuity and meaning. In these stories whole organizations are personified as actors. Stories of mergers and acquisitions. Understand the elements that one has to deal with. (2) Personification of a whole organization abstracts away from the particular actors and from traditional notions of level of analysis. projects or whole organizations. the term “adventurers of experience” refers to (1) Poets and artists who are driven by courage. the expression “like a madonna from a madonna” alludes to (A) The difference arising as a consequence of artistic license. with a particular narrative voice. (C) The difference between ‘life’ and ‘interpretation of life’. Directions for Questions 60 to 62: Each of the following questions has a paragraph from which the last sentence has been deleted. data concerning the identities and relationships of the characters in the story are required. (4) Poets and artists who revitalize and enrich the past for us. Muse on artistic labour and its aim lessens. Reflect on the role of the oarsman and the singer. (3) Poets and artists of the Renaissance. because whole organizations cannot narrate their experiences in the first person. (5) Poets and artists who delve in flotsam and jetsam in sea. if one is to understand role structure and social networks in which that process is embedded. so from an organizational studies perspective. (1) More generally. (E) The difference between the legendary character and the modern day singer. From the given options. (D) The difference between ‘width’ and ‘depth’ of creative power. which is not regarded as part of the deep structure.57. are common place. 59. But these macro-level stories usually are not told from the perspective of the macro-level participants. choose the sentence that completes the paragraph in the most appropriate way. (B) The difference between two artistic interpretations. groups. Characters are also part of deep structure. 58. for example. According to the passage.

Each sentence has pairs of words/phrases that are italicized and highlighted. For the crowds it was more of a historical [A] / historic [B] event. when the unique features of millions of small-scale brief events become averaged out. This film is based on a real [A] / true [B] story. there are four sentences. evolutionary biologists. the resulting uniqueness of each system. Regrettably [A] / Regretfully [B] I have to decline your invitation. from the options given. (1) BBAAA (2) AAABA (3) BBBBA (4) AABBA (5) BBBAA 67. geologists. controlled experimental interventions. Choose the most appropriate answer to each question. Amit’s explanation for missing the meting was credulous [A] / credible [B] She coughed discreetly [A] / discretely [B] to announce her presence. is most feasible on large spatial scales and over long times. choose the best one. Then. He was besides [A] / beside [B] himself with rage when I told him what I had done. the consequent impossibility of formulating universal laws. the complexity arising from enormous numbers of variables. Prediction in history. the historian can recognize factors that made 20 . and the difficulties of predicting emergent properties and future behaviour. it was just another day. select the most appropriate word(s)/phrase(s) to form correct sentences.Directions for Questions 66 to 68: In each question. ecologists. The further [A] / farther [B] he pushed himself. I am drawn to the poetic. The critics censored [a] / censured [B] the new movie because of its social inaccessibility. sensual [A] / sensuous [B] quality of her paintings. The old man has a healthy distrust [A] / mistrust [B] for all new technology.000 newborns but not the sexes of my own two children. From the italicized and highlighted word(s)/phrase(s). The difficulties historians face in establishing cause-and-effect relations in the history of human societies are broadly similar to the difficulties facing astronomers. To varying degrees each of these fields is plagued by the impossibility of performing replicated. Just as I could predict the sex ratio of the next 1. climatologists. One suspects that the compliment [A] / complement [B] was backhanded (1) BABAB (2) ABBBA (3) BAABA (4) BBAAB (5) ABABA 68. the signs of an imminent flood were clear. As the water began to rise over [A] / above [B] the danger mark. and palaeontologists. for their leader. the more disillusioned he grew. After brushing against a stationary [A] / stationery [B] truck my car turned turtle. (1) BAABA (2) BBBAB (3) AAABA (4) BBAAB (5) BABAB Directions for Questions 69 to 71: The passage given below is followed by a set of three questions. The cricket council that was [A] / were [B] elected last March is [A] / are [B] at sixes and sevens over new rules. as in other historical sciences. 66.

the science of drawing inferences about human diseases by comparing groups of people (often by retrospective historical studies). In short. but no details of who said what could have blocked the European conquest of Native Americans. provide a good comparison to large islands such as Eurasia. and many others). have still been able to identify effects of high salt intake by comparing groups of humans who already differ greatly in their salt intake. New Guinea. Natural experiments in any field. forbidden to feed large amounts of salt to people experimentally. (2) Isolated islands increase the number of observations available to historians. Why do islands with considerable degree of isolation provide valuable insights into human history? (1) Isolated islands may evolve differently and this difference is of interest to us. (4) Isolated islands. 21 .S. epidemiology.inevitable the broad outcome of the collision between American and Eurasian societies after 13. I acknowledge that it is much more difficult to understand human history than to understand problems in fields of science where history is unimportant and where fewer individual variables operate. arouse curiosity about how human beings evolved there.000 years of separate developments. (3) Isolated islands. in so far as they are inhabited. The details of which candidate said what during a single televised debate in October 1960 Could have given the electoral victory to Nixon instead of to Kennedy. How can students of human history profit from the experience of scientists in other historical sciences? A methodology that has proved useful involves the comparative method and so-called natural experiments. Those include confounding effects of natural variation in additional variables besides the one of interest. nebulae. whether in ecology or human history. by comparing systems differing in the presence or absence (or in the strong or weak effect) of some putative causative factor. differing in their endowments and size. unable to provide human groups experimentally with varying resource abundances for many centuries. As a result. Madagascar. and cultural anthropologists. differing in their endowments and size may evolve differently and this difference can be attributed to their endowments and size. Americas and Australia. Native American Hispaniola. For example. While neither astronomers studying galaxy formation nor human historians can manipulate their systems in controlled laboratory experiments. successful methodologies for analyzing historical problems have been worked out in several fields. has for a long time successfully employed formalized procedures for dealing with problems similar to those facing historians of human societies. (5) Isolated islands. as well as societies on hundreds of smaller islands and regional societies within each of the continents. still study long-term effects of resource abundance on human societies by comparing recent Polynesian populations living on islands differing naturally in resource abundance. they both can take advantage of natural experiments. In particular. Africa. epidemiologists. Hawaii. but not the outcome of the 1960 U. presidential election. 69. Comparisons can also utilize large islands that have developed complex societies in a considerable degree of isolation (such as Japan. as well as problems in inferring chains of causation from observed correlations between variables. the histories of dinosaurs. and glaciers are generally acknowledged to belong to fields of science rather than to the humanities. Nevertheless. Such methodological problems have been discussed in great detail for some of the historical sciences. are inherently open to potential methodological criticisms. The student of human history can draw on many more natural experiments than just comparisons among the five inhabited continents.

(2) Complex societies inhabiting large islands provide great opportunities for natural experiments. and some appears to contradict it. it is hard to establish convincing connections between family changes and economic factors using conventional approaches. by their very nature. (2) Historical out comers depend upon a large number of factors and hence predictions is difficult for each case. C . B . who are in stronger position in the labour market than less qualified ones. and need to be arranged in the logical order to form a coherent paragraph/passage. In America. it is equally inconclusive. Some works supports the Becker thesis. which might be important in a specific historical outcome. According to the author. are not interested in a multitude of minor factors. just as with crime. highly educated women. choose the most appropriate option. Indeed. which of the following statements would be true? (1) Students of history are missing significant opportunities by not conducting any natural experiments. (3) Historical sciences. But regardless of the conclusion of any particular piece of work. According to the author. there are five sentences/paragraphs. (4) Historians are interested in evolution of human history and hence are only interested in log term predictions. Directions for Questions 72 to 75: In each question. (5) Historical sciences suffer from the inability to conduct controlled experiments are therefore have explanations based on a few long term factors. E. A . The sentence/ paragraph labelled A is in its correct place. 72. C. (4) A unique problem faced by historians is their inability to establish cause and effect relationships.70. an enormous academic literature exists on the validity of the pure economic approach to the evolution of family structures. D . why is prediction difficult in history? (1) Historical explanations are usually broad so that no prediction is possible. The four that follow are labelled B. have higher rates of marriage than other groups. D and E. as with crime. 71. (1) BCDE (2) DBEC (3) BDCE (4) ECBD (5) EDCD 22 . (5) Cultural anthropologists have overcome the problem of confounding variables through natural experiments. From the given options. (3) Students of history are missing significant opportunities by not studying an adequate variety of natural experiments. And.

and radical changes in centre-local government relations towards administrative. “unofficial popular discourse” comprising “old wives” tales and based on maternal experiences of childbirth has also been noted. The mass media. a third. C . These changes have led to a reframing of modern discourses that pattern pregnancy and motherhood leading to an acceptance of the need for greater expert management. but power relations have not. But constructions of good mothering have not always been so conceived and in different contexts may exist in parallel to other equally dominant discourses. Indonesia has experienced dramatic shifts in its formal governance arrangements since the fall of President Soeharto and the close of his centralized. D . fiscal. historical work has shown how what are now taken for granted aspects of reproduction and mothering practices result from contemporary “pseudoscientific directives” and “managed constructs”. authoritarian "New Order" regime in 1997. B . once tidily under Soeharto's thumb. Both of these tend to focus on the “optimistic stories” of birth and mothering and underpin stereotypes of the “godmother”. has experienced significant liberalization. including many dedicated to such controversial issues as corruption control and human rights. Similarly. C . The contrasting. These discourses have also been acknowledged in work exploring the experiences of those who apparently do not “conform” to conventional stereotypes of the “good mother”? (1) EDBC (2) BCED (3) DBCE (4) BCDE 74. A different group of analysts paint a picture in which the institutional forms have changed. Personal experience of mothering and motherhood are largely framed in relation to two discernible or “official” discourses. It has featured the active contest for political office among a proliferation of parties at central. E. Such developments are seen optimistically by a number of donors and some external analysts. A . E.73. and political decentralization. direct elections for the presidency (since 2004). Vedi Hadiz argues that Indonesia's "democratic transition" has been anything but linear. the “medical discourse and natural childbirth discourse”. D . (1) BDEC (2) CBDE (3) CEBD (4) DEBC (5) BCDE 23 . the need for medical expert guidance is also a feature for contemporary reproduction and motherhood. provincial and district levels. B . At the same time. as has the legal basis for non-governmental organizations. overlapping and ambiguous strands with in these frameworks focus to varying degrees on a woman’s biological tie to her child and predisposition to instinctively know and be able to care for her child. In addition. who interpret them as signs of Indonesia's political normalization. A . The political system has taken its place in the nearly 10 years since Reformasi began.

arid had thus got much spare land besides the coffee plantation. D . The maize grew up higher than your head as you walked on the narrow hard-trampled footpaths in between the tall green rustling regiments. A . E. The squatters' land was more intensely alive than the rest of the farm. what [the Kikuyu] called their shambas. I had six thousand acres of land. and they very likely regarded me as a sort of superior squatter on their estates. and their fathers before them.75. C . The beans ripened in the fields. were gathered and thrashed by the women. The Kikuyu also grew the sweet potatoes that have a vine like leaf and spread over the ground like a dense entangled mat. and about one thousand acres were squatters' land. for many of them were born on the farm. Part of the farm was native forest. and in return have to work for him a certain number of days in the year. I think. (1) CBDE (2) BCDE (3) CBED (4) DBCE (5) EDBC 24 . saw the relationship in a different light. and the maize stalks and coffee pods were collected and burned. B . The squatters are Natives. who with their families hold a few acres on a white man's farm. and many varieties of big yellow and green speckled pumpkins. -My squatters. and was changing with the seasons the year round. so that in certain seasons thin blue columns of smoke rose here and there all over the farm.

24 8 3.Detailed Solutions 1..+2ng n n = (3 – 2) + (5 – 4) +. f(1) + f(2) + f(3) + f(4) = 16 f(4) f ( 4) = 5400 = 360 15 f(1) + f(2) + f(3) + f(4) + f(5) = 25 f(5) f (5) = 5760 = 240 24 f(1) + f(2) + f(3) + f(4) + f(5) + f(6) = 36 f(6) f (6) = 6000 = 171approx.... f(1) + f(2) = 22 f(2) = 4f(2) f ( 2) = f (1) 3600 = = 1200 3 3 f(1) + f(2) + f(3) = 9 f(3) 8 f(3) = 4800 f(3) = 600.... X = 3+ 5+ 7+.. 1 n = = 2...( ntimes) n n =1 Ans. f(1) = 3600. for n = 2.....+2n+ 1g – b2 + 4 + 6.+2n n Y= X-Y= b3+ 5+ 7+. the total age when one more member died = 275 + 24 – 60 = 239 So the current total age = 239 – 48 = 191 ∴ The average age = 191 = 24(approx) Ans... Ten years ago the total age of 8 members = 231 Today the age of 8 people = 231 + 80 = 311 Total age after 3 years when a man of 60 year died = 311 + 24 – 60 = 275 Again after 3 year..+[(2 n + 1) – 2 n] n 1+... 35 25 .+2n+ 1 n 2 + 4 + 6+.

80 80 5. (100y + x) – 50 = 3 (100x + y) 97y – 299x = 50 97y = 50 + 299x y= 299x + 50 97 = 299x + 8x + 50 91 26 . of Cases = 18 Ans. and also. 48 f(1) + f(2) + f(3) + f(4) + f(5) + f(6) + f(7) + f(8) = 64 f(8) f (8) = 6299.f(1) + f(2) + f(3) + f(4) + f(5) + f(6) + f(7) = 49 f(7) f ( 7) = 6171 = 128. 18 Let x rupees & y paise. 6400 = 80 approx. Should be Cashed.5 approx. x + 10y + 50z = 107 No of cases will be x y z 1 107 0 0 2 97 1 0 3 87 2 0 4 77 3 0 5 67 4 0 6 57 5 0 7 47 6 0 8 37 7 0 9 27 8 0 10 17 9 0 11 7 10 0 12 57 0 1 13 47 1 1 14 37 2 1 15 27 3 1 16 17 4 1 17 7 5 1 18 7 0 2 Total No. Ans. ∴ the amount she should get is 100x + y but she got 100y + x.5 = 100 approx. 63 f(1) + f(2) + f(3) + f(4) + f(5) + f(6) + f(7) + f(8) + f(9) = 81 f(9) f ( 9) = 4.

we only get D – P = 50. 50x + D − P = y [where D is the weight of Deepak and P of Poonam] 50 and of section II will be 50y − D + P =x 50 Also total weight = 50x + 50y = 4500 ⇒ x + y = 90 (1) Statement A says y – x = 1 (2) from (1) and (2) y = 45. Ans. We can write above eqn. y = 56 paise. From statement (B) (3) 50x + D 50y − D = ⇒ 10D = 255y − 245x. Over Rupees 18 but less than Rupees 19 Given equation can be written as 12(n + 4m) = mn 12n + 48m – mn – 576 + 576 = 0 n(12 – m) – 48 (12 – m) = –576. 3 Total weight of class 4500 kg. Let the average weight of section I and II be x and y respectively. Total amount is 18. As n is odd ∴ n – 48 is also odd.5) – 245 (44. we get 10D = 255 (45.5 But these does not gives the exact age of Deepak and Poonam.5) (4) 11602 – 10902. 51 49 Which does not gives age of Poonam combining (A) & (B). But –576 is even. Now working back from the option if we put x = 18 the only y will be integer.=3x + 8x + 50 97 6.5 10D = 700 D = 70 from (3) P = 20 Ans.56 paise. So by Combining (A) and (B) we get the solution 27 . 7. With the given change average of section I will be. Ans.5 x = 44. as (12 – m) (n – 48) = – 192 × 3 or (12 – m) (n – 48) = – 64 × 9 or (12 – m) (n – 48) = – 576 × 1 ⇒ n – 48 = 3 ⇒ n = 51 or n – 48 = 9 ⇒ n = 57 or n – 48 =1 ⇒ n = 49 ∴ There are three values of n. (12 – m) (n – 48) = – 576. therefore (12 – m) is definitely even. where x < y.

The value of x2 + y2 + z2 will be minimum when x = y = z which is not possible So we take the case x = 30. ... All the times indicated are local and on the same day. the speed of planes = x kmph and time zone of B is ‘a’ hours ahead of time zone of A (which means if there are 3:00 pm at A.000kg = 30 cubic meter. 2. z will provide the minimum sum of x2 + y2 + z2 And statement (B) does not provide any additional information. A is east of B. Hence statement (B) alone is sufficient.(2) x + 50 By solving equation (1) and (2) simultaneously 28 .. So only statement (A) alone is sufficient to answer the question. Ans.. If JKLM is Square and O is any point on JK then the maximum value of OM can be concide with K and KM becomes diagonal so at the most it will be 2 times of OL when O 2 times of side and therefore can never be two times. And statement B does not give any usefull information. 10. 3. y = 30. z =29 Here the value of x2 + y2 + z2 will be minimum. Ans.. 9.. Let. Outer radius = 5 m By statement (A) inner radius is at least 4 meters.8. there will be (3+a):00 pm at B) Now by the conditions given in questions 7–a= 4+a= 3000 x − 50 . 3gm / cc 4 π( Vo 3 − V13 ) = 30 cum. y. No other value of x. 3 4 525 − πV13 = 30 cum 3 4 πV13 = 495 cum 3 Thus Tanks capacity is adequate. So the volume of tank is in the range: 4 4 × 314 × 4 3 < V < × 314 × 53 . 3 3 268. So only statement (A) alone is sufficient to answer the question.8 < V < 525 (approx) We can not say that the tank capacity will be adequate to meet the required By statement (B) Volume of tank = 30.(1) 3000 . The distance between A and B is 3000 km. Given : 1. 11.

. To maximize the guaranteed returns risk is minimum along with profit %.no. A is east of B. which is the second option of next question. The distance between A and B is 3000 km. Given : 1.20%..(1) 3000 .. there will be (3+a):00 pm at B) Now by the conditions given in questions 7–a= 4+a= 3000 x − 50 . Short-cut: Now by putting the value of option (1) of this question as ‘a’ in equation (1) we get x= 6000 + 50 .14 (since both question are linked) if 36% is invested in option B and 64% in option C then in case of rise in stock market return is 5% of 36 – 2. All the times indicated are local and on the same day. which also not satisfy any option of next question By putting the value of option (3) of this question as ‘a’ in equation (1) we get x = 2000 + 50 . return is not guaranteed.20% 29 .(2) x + 50 By solving equation (1) and (2) simultaneously we get 11x2 – 6000x – 27500 = 0 which gives x = 550 and – 50/11(not possible) and a = 1.20% and in case of fall in stock market = 2% of 64 – 3% of 36 = 1..08 = 0. which is the second option of next question.we get 11x2 – 6000x – 27500 = 0 which gives x = 550 and – 50/11(not possible) and a = 1. If equal amount is invested in all three options then there is a chance of loss. the speed of planes = x kmph and time zone of B is ‘a’ hours ahead of time zone of A (which means if there are 3:00 pm at A. which do not satisfy any option of the next question 11 By putting the value of option (2) of this question as ‘a’ in equation (1) we get x = 650. Working from options of Q. Short-cut: Now by putting the value of option (1) of this question as ‘a’ in equation (1) we get x= 6000 + 50 .. Let. Ans. which also not satisfy any option of next question By putting the value of option (3) of this question as ‘a’ in equation (1) we get x = 2000 + 50 . which do not satisfy any 3 option of next question By putting the value of option (4) of this question as ‘a’ in equation (1) we get x = 550.28 – 1..5% of 64 = 0. in all other cases values will be less than it. which do not satisfy any option of the next question 11 By putting the value of option (2) of this question as ‘a’ in equation (1) we get x = 650. 0. 3. 2. Ans. 550 kmph 13. Ans. 1 hour 12. which do not satisfy 3 any option of next question By putting the value of option (4) of this question as ‘a’ in equation (1) we get x = 550.

To maximize the guaranteed returns risk is minimum along with profit %.. But as one player is common in following pairs i. 1 2 ( n − 5n + 6) 2 16. ∴ 100x + y = 11p ⇒ y = 11p – 100 x As x & y are single digit positive integers we will have to look for the solution which satisfies this equation.. T1 and T2. If the total number of players in each of the n teams be ‘k’.e.20% and in case of fall in stock market = 2% of 64 – 3% of 36 = 1. Working from options if 36% is invested in option B and 64% in option C then in case of rise in stock market return is 5% of 36 – 2. Ans.. If p = 16 y = 11 × 16 – 100 x y = 156 – 100 x If we take x = 15 then only we get y as 6. n – 2 17. If equal amount is invested in all three options then there is a chance of loss. which is contradiction.5% of 64 = 0.08 = 0. But in that case x is two digit no. so its enemies are formed from the selection of two elements from remaining n – 2.14. 36% in option B and 64% in option C. therefore we can say that there are n players who are common. Therefore total number of players participating nk – n = n(k–1). n −2 C2 = ( n − 2)( n − 3) 1 2 = (n – 5n + 6) 2 2 Ans. in all other cases values will be less than it. With the common element of the friends (n – 3) pairs are possible and one pair will be formed from the uncommon elements. Any member of 5 includes two elements. 1 30 . ⇒ 1000x + 100x + 10 y + y ⇒ 1100x + 11y ⇒ 11 (100x + y) If this has to be a perfect square 100 x + y must be of the form 11p where p is a perfect square. then total players in the tournament will be nk. T2 and T3 . n(k–1) 18. Hence the only no.20%.. which satisfies this is 7744.28 – 1. Ans. So total = n – 3 + 1 = n – 2 Ans. Tn and T1. p = 25 y = 11 × 25 – 100 x = 275 – 100 x here at the max x can be 2 but in that case y is 75 which is not possible. Let the four digit number be xxyy. return is not guaranteed. i. Similarly checking for other perfect square we get solution only at p = 64 y = 11 × 64 – 100 x = 704 – 100 x If we put x = 7 we get y = 4..e. Ans. 15.

Cost function c(x) = cx2 + bx + 240 When production changes from 20 to 40. [c(40)2 + b(40) + 240] – [c(20)2 + b(20) + 240] = 2 [c(20)2 + b(20) + 240] 3 On solving we get 140 c + b = 24 . 100 20. −2x +20=0 10 ⇒ x = 100. [c(40)2 + b(40) + 240] – [c(20)2 + b(20) + 240] = 2 [c(20)2 + b(20) + 240] 3 On solving we get 140 c + b = 24 . Cost function c(x) = cx2 + bx + 240 When production changes from 20 to 40.... 10 On differentiating and putting equal to zero.... Profit p(x) at 100.(1) When production changes from 40 to 60 [c(60)2 + b(60) + 240] – [c(40)2 + b(40) + 240] = 1 [c(40)2 + b(40) + 240] 2 ⇒ 2400 c = 240 ⇒ c = 1/10 On substituting in eq (1) 14 + b = 24 ⇒ b = 10 Profit equals p(x) = Sales – Cost F x + 10x + 240I p(x) = 30x – G JK H 10 2 p(x) = − x2 + 20x – 240...(1) When production changes from 40 to 60 [c(60)2 + b(60) + 240] – [c(40)2 + b(40) + 240] = 1 [c(40)2 + b(40) + 240] 2 ⇒ 2400 c = 240 ⇒ c = 1/10 On substituting in eq (1) 14 + b = 24 ⇒ b = 10 31 .19. = –1000 + 2000 – 240 = 760 Ans.

22. −2x +20=0 10 ⇒ x = 100. 32 . May 20. 10 On differentiating and putting equal to zero.Profit equals p(x) = Sales – Cost F x + 10x + 240I p(x) = 30x – G JK H 10 2 p(x) = − x2 + 20x – 240. ∠ AQP → 60 and when PQ → 2r ∠ AQP → 0 0 < ∠ AQP < 60°. –159. f(x) = 1 ⇒c=1 a+b=2 Differentiating f(x) we get 2ax + b = 0 x= −b = 1 − b = 2a 2a a+b=2 a – 2a = 0 a=–2&b=4 f(10) = 100a + 10b + 1 = – 200 + 40 + 1 = – 159.15 (100) = 104. Ans. Between 0 and 60 23. On 140th day the prices will be equal i.15 n = 110 ⇒n= 21 = 140 015 . For P and Q to be outside the intersection past condition is distance between centre PQ follows: r < PQ < 2r When PQ → r. 20th May.10 n = 100 + 10 = 110 price. Let f(x) = ax2 + bx + c at x = 1 it has max value = 3 a+b+c=3 (1) at x = 0. of Ooty tea on 100th day is 89 + 0. Ans. = –1000 + 2000 – 240 =760 Ans. Now the price of Darzeeling tea is constant so the price will be equal when 89 + 0. Profit p(x) at 100. Ans. After 100 days the price of Darzeeling tea is constant equal to 100 + 0.e. 760 21.

q( pq) 2 n−1 ( p+ q) 25. For n = 4 a4 = pb3. bn = q an – 1 for odd n > 1 a1 = p and b1 = q For n = 2 ⇒ a2 = pb1 b2 = qb1 = pq = (q)2 n=3 ⇒ a3 = pa2 b 3 = q a2 2 =pq b 3 = q2 p n=4 ⇒ a4 = pb3 b4 = qb3 2 2 =pq = q3 p n=5 ⇒ a5 = pa4 b 5 = q a4 3 2 =p q b 5 = p2 q 3 Finding an + bn for different n from above: a1 + b1 = p + q a2 + b2 = pq + q2 = q (p + q) a3 + b3 = pq (p + q) a4 + b4 = pq2 (p + q) a5 + b5 = p2q2 (p + q) a6 + b6 = p2q3 (p + q) a7 + b7 = p3q3 (p + q) 33 . b4 = qb3 an + bn .24. for n = 4 a4 + b4 = b3 (p + q) = q2p (p + q) 1 Ans. Given an = pbn–1. a2 = pb1. For n = 2. b2 = qb1 For n = 3 a3 = pa2. Given a1 = p. According to given conditions. b1 = q. bn = q bn – 1 for even n > 1 an = pan–1. a 3 = p2 b 1 = p 2 q b3 = qa2 b3 = qa2 = qpb1 =q2 p.

Ans. Desired 10 % fat and at least 30% protein P and Q will give protein as less than 30% ( by alligation rule) P and S will give fat as 0%. Hence Ans. Fat – 10% protein will be at least 30% and cost will Rs.5 gm Carb. Similarly.200/unit. Quantity P From 1st opt.500 ∴ The lowest cost per unit will be lowest for 4 : 1 : 1. % <60% 60% 50% Total Cost Rs. A diet containing 10% minerals will be obtained only by mixing O and Q in equal proportion. From IInd opt.600 20 gm 10 gm 30 gm 60 gm 40 gm 10 gm 20 gm 70 gm 20 gm 10 gm 40 gm 70 gm 30 gm 10 gm 20 gm 60 gm 40 gm 10 gm 10 gm 60 gm < 60% >More than 60% Rs. From Vth opt. Let 1 unit = 10 gms. (Q and S) 28. If.5 gm 42 gm 35 gm 34 gm 37. Q S Total Carb. 9 H 3K H 3 K H 3 3 K 6561 4 4 26. to get 10% fat R and S will be mixed in the ratio 1 : 3 and the cost will be Rs. One 27.0109 > 0.120/unit. From IIIrd opt. 4:1:1 34 .01 hence this option is eliminated H 9 K 729 3 FG 1IJ FG 2 IJ FG 1 + 2 IJ = 16 = 0.01 Ans. To get 10% fat P and R will have to be mixed in the ratio 3 : 1 but in the mixture protein will not be at least 30%. Qty 30. we mix Q and S in ratio 1 : 4.a8 + b8 = p3q4 (jp + q) a9 + b9 = p4q4 (p + q) a10 + b10 = p4q5 (p + q) a11 + b11 = p5q5 (p + q) a12 + b12 = p5q6 (p + q) a13 + b13 = p6q6 (p + q) a14 + b14 = p6q7 (p + q) a15 + b15 = p7q7 (p + q) 2 1 and it is given in question that p = and q = 3 3 Now checking options for n = 7 : an + bn = a7 + b7 = p3q3 (kp + q) = (4) For n = 9 a9 + b9 = FG 2 IJ (1) = 8 ≅ 0. Ans.0024 < 0. From IVth opt. Let 1 unite = 10 gms.

4. 7 Non eng. ∴ 47.5 gm. Hence A alone is sufficient. Protein will only be 5 gm.) To verify option (5). Let total employees are 100 Male 30 eng. Statement A is sufficient while statement B is not sufficient. ⇒ 40% of them were athletes From the question 10 top performers were athlete. ∴ 7. Combine (A) and (B) . 2. Statement (A) : Atul → 5 ⇒ C → 4 Rank 1 2 3 4 5 Name D E B C A B D E C A Hence we are not getting a unique answer. Given conditions are D B E C If we assign ranks as 1. So 40% of top performers = 10. As we want at least 30% carbohydrate and protein no more than 25% fat and at least 5% minerals. 63 (A) Total eng.29. Carbohydrate = 9. Total number of top performers = 25.5 gm. background = 25 ⇒ x + 7 = 25 ⇒ x = 18. ∴ 5% Minerals = 1. Ans. 5 median = 3. O = S = 10 gm. we get the order as Rank 1 2 3 4 5 Name D E B C A. (not satisfying the condition. Statement (B) alone is also not sufficient. x Non eng. Only statement A is sufficient. ∴ 25% . Then C’s rank can be 4 or 5.5% (not satisfying the condition.) Option (3) Minerals will be 0. y Female 70 eng.5% So. From statement A = 60% of the top academic performers were not athletes.5 gm.) Option (2) Carbohydrates is only 5 gm.5 gm. ∴ Only 2. Option (1) O = P = 10 gm.5% (not satisfying the condition. O and S 30. 35 . ∴ 40% Fat = 1 gm.) Option (4) Carbohydrates will be 5. 32. Ans. ∴ 27. ∴ Only 25% . 3.5% Protein = 8 gm. Ans. (not satisfying the condition. Question can be answered only by taken both the statements together. ∴ Take 10 gm of each in equal quantities. 31.

Ans. M & M Opponent a–3 a ⇒ first half From A statement M&M Opponent a–3+4 ⇒ second half a+1 ? From B statement M&M Opponent Total = ? Total = 4 Combining the two. 107 1400 36 . Question can be answered either of the statements alone.49. Questions cannot be answered. In one M and M ties the match and in second it wins. 5750 Total cost 1.000 Labour 28. we get Opponent scored a max of 4 goals M&M Opp ∴ Initial condition ⇒ 0 3 or 1 4 After second half ⇒ 4 4 or 5 4 ∴ There are 2 conditions possible.(B) x = 6 ×7 5 42 % . 820 (approx) Operating cost of max. exp.470 Cost per unitq 149470 = 106. Ans. According to the condition given in the question. Ans. we can find the cost for the various categories for 2007 when 1400 units are sold.000 Consumables 1300 (approx) Rent of building 1200 Rates and taxes 400 Repair and main. 42000 Selling and mar. 34. exp.74 ≈ 107 . 5 ⇒ x= 33. Material 70.

Total cost if number of units is 1400 is Material 70000 Labour 28000 Consumables 1300 Rent of building 1200 Rates and taxes 400 Repair and main. 800 Operating cost of max. Ans. Ans. Profit = 1. we can dram the table as Male 12th 11th Secondary Total 48 44 288 380 Vegetarian 32 40 352 424 Female 32 36 Total 80 80 640 800 For secondary section the required percentage = Malestudents 288 = × 100 = 45% . = 2000 units. exp. Material 15650 Labour 6260 Consumables 1300 Rent of building 1200 Rates and taxes 400 Repair and main. Hence there is a loss.35.49.450 . (e.780) We observe that as the number of units increases. at 1400 units. 9390 Selling and mar. Total sale = 1400 × 125 = 1.75. TotalStudents 640 37 . Total sell in Rs.000. Now if we check for 384 units. exp. Profit will be maximum for 1400 units. 5750 Total cost 40750 . New price = 95 × 125 = 118. 800 Operating cost of max. Go by options: option (1) 313.400.49. profit increases.400 38. Ans 45.000 – 1.450 = 25550 ≈ 25. Ans 2000 37.470. we get total sell = 48000 and the total cost 47850. 5750 Total cost 1. Total cost is more than total sell (in Rs. From the information given. = 313 × 125 = 39125. of units given in the option. Now we will calculate the cost for the various categories for 2007 when 313 units are sold. Hence profit = 150. exp. ∴ Profit = 16. 384 36. exp.49.66.g.). 25. 42000 Selling and mar. 100 Now we can calculate the profit for the no.250 and total cost = 1. So minimum number of units = 384. Hence profit will be max.75.75 . total sell = 1.

we can dram the table as Male 12th 11th Secondary Total 48 44 288 380 Vegetarian 32 40 352 424 Female 32 36 Total 80 80 640 800 25 × 32 = 8 . 16 40. The required difference is 40 – 24 = 16.39. 32 × 100 = 40% . 40 80 There is problem in this question. From Table 1 and Table 2. Ans. From the information given. Male nonvegetarian = 48 – 8 = 40. From the information given. male vegetarian = Male 12th 11th Secondary Total 48 44 288 380 Vegetarian 32 40 352 424 Female 32 36 Total 80 80 640 800 The required percentage = 41. we can dram the table as In class 12. We have: For Angioplasty Hip Replacement Knee Replacement Total Angioplasty Hip Replacement Knee Replacement Total Grand Total India 11000 9000 8500 28500 5000 7000 9000 21000 49500 For Angioplasty Hip Replacement Knee Replacement Total Total Grand Total Thai 13000 12000 10000 35000 16000 51000 38 . 42. Ans. 100 ∴ Female vegetarian = 32 – 8 = 24.

For Angioplasty Hip Replacement Knee Replacement Total Total Grand Total Malaysia 11000 10000 8000 29000 18000 47000 Angioplasty For Hip Replacement Knee Replacement Total Total Grand Total Singapore 13000 12000 13000 38000 13000 51000 So it is least for Malaysia. lowest cost = Rs. Ans.89 = 263120 Bahts Cost including travel expenses = 263120 + (2 × 7500) = 278120 Bahts.45 which is nearly equal to 2500. AGIJ. 2930. ∴ Cost = Rs. 35 Cost for spinal fusion in Singapore = 9000 (dollars) The required difference = 2568. ∴ Shortest route is ACFJ. India 44. Difference = 345345 – 278120 = 67225 ≈ 67500. 2930 47. Possible routes from A to J to get shortest distance. AHIJ but these routes will give higher distance.) 2945 3700 2850 3340 2275 2930 Other possible routes for two intermediate stations can be ABIJ. 2275 for AHJ. 2500 46. 67500 45. Malaysia 43. Ans. From the table in previous question we can see that. Ans. 2161 39 .5 Bahts. Ans. Cost of treatment in Thailand = \$ 4500 + \$ 6000 = \$ 10500 = 10500 × 32. India 8500 + 9000 = 17500 Thailand 10000 + 6000 = 16000 Malaysia 8000 + 4000 = 12000 Singapore 13000 + 4000 = 17000 So most expensive is India. AFIJ. Cost of treatment in India = \$ 3000 + \$ 5000 = \$ 8000 = 8000 × 32. ∴ Price of flight = 95% of 2275 ≈ 2161. ABJ ADJ AFJ AGJ AHJ ACFJ Distance (kms) 2860 2500 2300 2180 2350 2170 Cost (Rs.89 = 34534. New cost for spinal fusion in India = 5500 × 40. Ans. Ans.928 = 643154(dollar ) .