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Case Study – Operations Management-I Donner Company
Group 1 Sec A
Faculty: S. Venkat
Group Members: Ashutosh Shukla Ashu Tomar Anupama Sharma Atul Bodke Prabhanshu Uchhana Praveen Kumar P Sandeep Shekhar Swapnil karande
resulting into no of bottlenecks being created where output rate of one module exceeded input rate of the next module. Rush orders. The acid vapours and the dirt & dust combined has resulted in situating machinery far from each other which has resulted in employees spending 15% of their time in just moving from one place to another. plating and etching processes as these modules were sensitive to the dust. This is an area of concern. is one of the leading manufacturers of Printed Circuit Boards for experimental devices and for pilot production runs. . reworks. The company leadership boast of superior skills in anticipating and resolving the problems that might occur while designing and manufacturing prototypes of new/experimental products. It was observed that in past few months only 10% of the rejected boards were because of the damage to the boards and/or out of tolerance. 4) Workers and processes are not managed properly and to the fullest of their potential. 2) Rush orders and reworks keep the assembly lines busy and create bottlenecks for the daily manufactures. Also some of the machining operations that exhausted dust and dirt had to be separated from some of the manufacturing modules like imaging. It has been observed by Mr. Since the company has taken loan amounts and invested in purchasing the quality machinery. The Company needs to make sure that the operations done on the Printed Circuit Boards is proper so that the no of reworks is reduced by 90%. Cause: 1) Modules are situated far from each other because a certain processes emit certain fumes that will add to the wear and tear of the machinery.Donner Company Established in 1985 by Edward Plummer. Problem: 1) Different modules of the plants are situated very far from each other in order to not let one module get affected by another. the supervisor. 3) Another major problem the company is facing is its quality standards. This is mainly because the amount of workload put on the assembly line by these individual orders is different on each operation. In September the company’s rejection rate was amounted to be 7%. 2) Company has only one assembly line at its disposal and therefore has to share it between the daily manufactures. 3) Quality checks are not stringent. etc. The remaining 90% of the rework was due to incomplete operations performed on them. We already have a no of instances where reworks are creating problems in the assembly line. Mr. had found it extremely difficult to compensate for these variations. Plummer while assessing the company’s operating position that forecasting on which day and at what time will the rework jobs and rush orders will be creating pileups in the assembly line. Flaherty. The company has been marred by the high rate of reworks that it was receiving. the management wants the machinery to be used to its fullest potential and is reluctant to expose machinery to harmful fumes. Since there is no way to predict such instances.
Since the amount of work that comes is unpredictable. there was no work in manual drilling department in the morning so the workers were asked to transfer to other department and by noon no of expedited offers reached the drilling operation but that time all the three workers were busy in some other tasks. about four days after the order was accepted by the company.4) Workers are not managed properly. 2) Have a tentative flexible plan as to when and for how much time is the assembly line is going to be used by various orders. Apart from the employees. There have been instances in the company a few days back where lack of proper structure in the organisation hierarchy has led to unnecessary problems arising which could have been avoided otherwise. 6) Shift the machinery of the different modules closer and create insulating barriers between them so that the fumes and the dust particles are not transferred to other modules. the company can have the organisation charts on weekly basis which will define in which operation module is any particular employee supposed to contribute on which particular given day.g. some of the operations are also not managed properly to their fullest extent. probable solutions: 1) Hire unskilled workers to perform the menial tasks of transferring unfinished boards from one module to another. E. the orders were actually reaching Flaherty. Not just merely on the priority basis (Rush order first) but also on the availability basis. E. The purchasing agent requires one or two days to negotiate and procure the raw material at the lowest price available in the market.g. who is the Supervisor. dust and dirt away from machinery. (Further explained in solutions segment) 3) Have an extra department directly under one of the senior managers which will deal with the quality checks of the raw materials and also the finished products. many of the workers employed in the company are multi-skilled. it is still not the most feasible practice to keep repeating the task of negotiations and procurement of raw materials on individual order basis. Adding to it the time to log and create blueprints. Although the amount of work that the company is receiving is varying. 4) Have a definite organisation structure which will define every employee’s area of expertise and assign them to that particular operational module only. . These workers are expected to do work in multiple modules as per required and most of the time the requirements are on adhoc basis. 5) Create relationships with a vendor or a group of vendor and establish a loyal connection in between the company and the vendor(s). Disband any adhoc changes to the organisation structure on an intra-day basis. This is resulting in loss of precious time. Also availability of small objects like exhaust fans in each insulated sections will be helpful in banishing the acidic fumes. These kinds of instances are classic examples of mismanagement of the employees. a lot of time is wasted in negotiating deals with vendors for procuring raw materials every time an order is placed.
Since 15% of the employee’s time is spend in this kind of work. Solution: WHY NOT? 1) We cannot go for moving the machinery as some of the equipments like the 20-ton punch press are very heavy. This alternative also requires a lot of investment and will also add to the maintenance costs of the company. In this way if a rush order is . as the company has already taken loans from banks to pay for the expensive machinery involved in the manufacturing process. 3) Procuring extra machinery is out of the question. we will keep the assembly line usage on an adhoc basis. 8) Procure some extra machinery for creating an auxiliary assembly line especially at the places where most no of bottlenecks has been observed. This solution however seems the most feasible one at the time in the future when company is able to make huge profits and has paid most of the debt. it will be helpful to automate this particular part of transferring objects. 1) The company needs to hire unskilled workers to move the unfinished printed circuit boards in small batches to the next modules transferring that are taking as high as 15% of their time in moving from one place to another. 2) The option of having battery driven carts or conveyer belts has similar disadvantage as that of the previous alternative. This alternative should be freeze by the company for plans of any further expansions in the future that might occur. This will have a very negative impact on the company’s productivity and profits. will not only require a lot of investment in context with both time and money. These workers will not require high investments to start with and also the costs related with them will be pretty low as the salaries of unskilled workers are not very high. but might also lead to shutting down of the plant for around 2-3 weeks time. According to new plan of action. This will remove the problems that are created by the reworks and rush orders for the manufacturing of the daily orders. The restructuring of the manufacturing floor like adding insulating walls and exhaust fans etc in addition to moving heavy machinery. WHY YES? The company should go with the following combination of the alternatives to resolve the problems its facing now. The batch size of the printed circuit boards that are moved by the workers at one time will be directly proportional to the distance between two consecutive modules. The company simply cannot afford to go more deep into debt to purchase an extra set of machinery just to avoid intermittent bottlenecks.7) Have battery driven carts or a conveyer belt to transfer the objects from one module to another. According to the current plan the rush orders get first preference and then the reworks and normal daily manufactures. The unskilled workers thus will perform the tasks similar to an office-boy. 2) Having a tentative plan will help company make use of the assembly line more efficiently than how they are using now.
This process done at the start of the manufacturing process will enable him to be aware of the exact requirements and therefore he will be the best judge of whether the manufactured printed circuit board is perfect to be delivered or not. Also to avoid the quality problems arising out of missed operations on a PCB. In case any one of the rush orders require the module then again the rework. Instead of having only one master blueprint with Mr. a job-card with quality checklists can be created at the time of design and circulated along with the batch. The job-card will include information like what are the expectations at the end of each module.operational in such a way that it is leaving a few modules without considerable amount of work. It’s been observed that no amount of raw material is stored before hand by the company and every time an order is placed the purchasing agent has to . However. Forecasting for mere week will be easier and it will also bring more organised feel to the employees. 4) It’s been mentioned that having a structured plan or a checklist will not be feasible to raise the quality standards as the expectations of the customers differ from order to order. 6) The last but not the least point that the company needs to look into is their relationships with their raw material vendors. this disadvantage loses its value as it is already known that the company does not have any restraints as far as the space is concerned. When blueprint is accessible to the workers. Therefore storing these unfinished boards and bringing them back to the assembly line will not create any problems as we have already hired unskilled help to do such tasks only. daily manufactures will go on standby and then wait for the module to be free again. 3) Following point 2 of the solution will ensure that there are no employees unassigned to any work. On other hand the Disadvantage of this approach is that there will be a lot of unfinished printed circuit boards from the reworks and daily manufactures waiting at almost every module. Altmeyer will be most suited man for the job as he is the one who inspects the customer’s artwork and requirements in order to locate any possible errors in design. Who will be able to go through the raw materials and finished Printed Circuit boards to check whether any specifications have been met or not. Here the Advantage is that the bottlenecks created due to rush orders will be reduced if not completely removed and also the efficiency of the workers will increase as “at no point of time any worker in any module will remain without work.” b. Here Mr. a. Flaherty. The organisational structure can be revamped every week or so according to the volume of the work that the company is having. This will make need to change departments of the employees sparse. Blueprint’s extra copy needs to be circulated along with the job card. This need not be as rigid as some of the big-scale companies which have thousands of employees at their disposal. However. The daily manufactures or the reworks can immediately take the opportunity to use that particular operations. 5) To ensure quality and to reduce the number of rejects. It’s still recommended for the company to have a definite organisation structure. they can know whether any operations are missed or not. The only other solution is to have a small section of about 2-3 people max.
This brings us to the second part of this point. which is a big amount of time to be wasted on a trivial thing that can be avoided. 8) For the operations like drilling and profiling there is an option of performing the operations on CNC machines. Having a fixed vendor to provide the necessary raw materials to the company will help in reducing the amount of time that is required to negotiate and procure the goods.D.etc. copper. 7) Expertise of Arthur Dief should be utilized by training other senior employees under him. Also the Donner Company can expect some amount of discounts from the vendor on the basis of loyalty to that vendor. E. The amount can be just enough to start processing the order with. Also as per the exhibit 4 the most commonly used base stocks like A.negotiate the best deal available in the market and procure raw material. Even though the company is unable to forecast as to how many orders will be placed at what point in time. This will help the Company remove delays in procuring raw materials and the saved 2 day’s time period will add to the buffer time for completing the manufacturing process. Should be buffered. Some of the points to note here are that the raw materials that are used are not the kinds which get expired easily. solder etc. But CNC machines are preferable only if the no of circuit boards is greater than 6 for drilling and for profiling around 200.M.g. it is advisable to the company to keep at least some amount of raw materials buffered. We create such similar rules for all the modules and take them into consideration during the scheduling of the batch. This process takes almost 2 days. It is advisable that the company makes one time negotiations with the vendor. Signing mutual contracts of doing business with the vendor and vendor providing the raw materials faster than others in market will help both the parties in this endeavour. This approach provides a two way advantage of easy access to the raw materials and more buffer time to solve bottlenecks and still deliver on time. . During which time more raw materials can be procured as per requirement of the customer. acid.B. also lessons from his timely and high quality work be used as input in resource scheduling.
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