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Database Management System(DBMS) is a software package/system to facilitate the creation and maintainance of a computerized database. The term "database" refers both to the way its users view it, and to the logical and physical materialization of its data, content, in files, computer memory, and computer data storage. A general-purpose DBMS is typically a complex software system that meets many usage requirements, and the databases that it maintains are often large and complex .
It defines databases in terms of data types, structures and constraints. It constructs or loads the database on secondary storage medium. It can also manipulate the database by querying, generating reports,insertions,deletions and modifications to its contents. There is concurrent processing and sharing by a set of users and programs yet DBMS keep all data valid and consistent. It provides security or protection to prevent unauthorized access. It provides proper presentation and visualization of data.
Self-describing nature of the database system: A DBMS catalog stores the description of the database. The description is called metadata. This allows the DBMS software to work with different databases. Insulation between program and data:It is called program-data independence.It allows to change the data storage structure and operations without changing the DBMS access program. Data Abstraction: A data model is used to store hide storage details and present the user with a conceptual view of the database. Support the multiple views of the data: Each user may see a different view of the database, which describes only the data of interest ot that user. Sharing of data and multiuser transaction processing:It say that it allows a set of concurrent users to retrieve and to update the Database.Concurrency with the DBMS guarantee that each transaction is correctly executed or completely aborted.
queries. forms and reports. The licensee is given the right to use the software under certain conditions. further distribution. and connect them together with macros The original concept of Access was for end users to be able to "access" data from any source. usually on different servers.Some common DBMS packages Microsoft Access Microsoft Office Access. The Oracle DBMS can store and execute stored procedures and functions within itself. who can run it in disconnected environments. This scenario offers advantages such as better performance. Microsoft Access is a file server-based database. It can also import or link directly to data stored in other applications and databases. previously known as Microsoft Access. then multiple instances. One of the benefits of Access from a programmer's perspective is its relative compatibility with SQL (structured query language). attach to a central storage array. or reverse engineering Oracle The Oracle Database (commonly referred to as Oracle RDBMS or simply as Oracle) is an objectrelational database management system (ORDBMS) produced and marketed by Oracle Corporation. Very convenient to distribute the entire application to another user. Software License Proprietary software is computer software licensed under exclusive legal right of the copyright holder. Features Comprises at least one instance of the application. such as modification. If the Oracle database administrator has implemented Oracle RAC (Real Application Clusters).MS Access stores data in its own format based on the Access Jet Database Engine. Software License Proprietary . scalability and redundancy. Microsoft Access offers parameterized queries. along with data storage. is a relational database management system from Microsoft that combines the relational Microsoft Jet Database Engine with a graphical user interface and software-development tools. Features Users can create tables. but restricted from other uses.
MY SQL Is a relational database management system (RDBMS) that runs as a server providing multi-user access to a number of databases. Features Independent storage engines (MyISAM for read speed. InnoDB for transactions and referential integrity. MySQL Archive for storing historical data in little space) Partititoned tables with pruning of partitions in optimiser Embedded database library Cross-platform support Software License GPL or Proprietary .