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Pakistan, officially the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, is a sovereign country in South Asia. It sits at the crossroads of the strategically important regions of South Asia, Central Asia and Western Asia. It has a 1,046-kilometre (650 mi) coastline along the Arabian Sea and the Gulf of Oman in the south and is bordered by India to the east, Afghanistan to the west and north, Iran to the southwest and China in the far northeast. It is separated from Tajikistan by Afghanistan's narrow Wakhan Corridor in the north, and it shares a marine border with Oman.
Flag of Pakistan
Capital: Islamabad Largest City: Karachi National Language: Urdu Regional Languages: Punjabi,Balochi,Pashto,Sindhi,Saraiki,Hindko and Brahui Area: 796,096 sq.km. Population: 177,100,000 (2011 estimate)
Capital of Pakistan
Islamabad is a rather modern and clean city, especially in comparison to other cities in Pakistan. It is well-organized, with the city being divided into different sectors and zones. Islamabad was divided into eight zones: the diplomatic enclave, the commercial district, the educational sector, the industrial area and so on, each with its own shopping area and park.
It offers a healthy climate, pollution free atmosphere, plenty of water and lush green area. It is a modern and carefully planned city with wide tree-lined streets, large houses elegant public buildings and well-organized bazaars/markets/shopping centers. The average humidity level is 55% with an average rainfall of 1150 millimeters each year. The city is quite moderate in case of its weather. The maximum average temperature is 29C and goes down to average minimum of around 14C.
Islamabad is home to many migrants from other regions of Pakistan and has a cultural and religious diversity of considerable antiquity. Due to its location on the Pothohar Plateau, remnants of ancient cultures and civilisations such as Aryan, Soanian, and Indus Valley civilisation can still be found in the region. A 15th century Gakhar fort,Pharwala Fort, is located near Islamabad which was built on the remains of a 10th century Hindu fort. Rawat Fort in the region was built by the Gakhars in 16th century where the grave of the Gakhar chief, Sultan Sarang Khan, is located
Islamabad has a multi-Sports Complex opposite Aabpara. The complex includes Liaquat Gymnasium for indoor games, Mushaf Squash Complex and Jinnah Stadium for outdoor games, which is a venue for regular national and international events. 2004 SAF Games were held in the stadium. Major sports in the city include Football, Cricket, Squash, Hockey, Table Tennis and Boxing. Water sporting facilities are developed at the Rawal Lake
Historical Places and Monuments Faisal Mosque
The Shah Faisal Masjid in Islamabad, Pakistan, is among one of the largest mosques in the world. It is renowned for both its size and its architecture covering an area of 5,000 square meters with a capacity of 300,000 worshippers. Turkish architect Vedat Dalokay's designed it. began in 1976 by National Construction of Pakistan, led by Azim Borujerdi, and was funded by the government of Saudi Arabia, at a cost of over 130 million Saudi riyals (approximately $120 million USD today).
Capital of Provinces of Pakistan
Karachi is the largest city in Pakistan with its population being the second largest in the world after Mumbai. The city is called The City of Lights for its beautiful lights display at night. Located at the southern coast of Sind, this city is the 6th largest in the world according to the business, area and population.
Karachi is located on semi-arid zone but due to marine affects, it enjoys a moderate climate. May and June are hottest months of the year with temperature as high as 43.3 degree centigrade while January is the coldest month with temperature as low as 5 degree centigrade. The mean annual rainfall is about 7 inches.
Karachi is home to many theatre, music and dance performance groups, such as Thespianz Theater, a professional youth-based, non-profit performing arts group, which works non-stop on theater and arts activities in Pakistan. Karachi has many museums that present exhibitions on a regular basis, including the Mohatta Palace and theNational Museum of Pakistan. Karachi Expo Centre hosts many regional and international exhibitions. The culture of Karachi is characterized by the blending of South Asian, Middle Eastern, Central Asian and Western influences, as well as its status as a major international business centre.
Cricket is the most popular sport of the city, and is usually played in many small grounds around the city. Street cricket is played in the narrow by-lanes of the city. Night time cricket can be seen at weekends when people play brightly lit night matches on less traversed city streets. The major venue for cricket matches is the National Stadium but matches are also hosted at the UBL Sports Complex, The A.O. Cricket Stadium, the KCCA Cricket Ground, the Karachi Gymkhana Field and the DHA Cricket Stadium. Other popular sports in the city are hockey, boxing, association football, golf, table tennis, snooker, squash, and horse racing. Sports like badminton, volleyball and basketball are also popular in schools and colleges.
Historical Places and Monuments Tomb of Quaid-e-Azam
Situated in Karachi, Mazar-e-Quaid is the tomb of Pakistan's founder Muhammad Ali Jinnah. Established in 1970, the tomb is an iconic representation of the city of Karachi. Every year, on national holidays, the site is visited by prominent leaders to pray tribute to Jinnah. Not only the founder, but other prominent leaders, namely Liaqat Ali Khan, Abdur Rab Nishtar, Fatima Jinnah, and Nur-ul-Amin are also buried in the same mausoleum.
St. Patricks Cathedral
Lahore is the second largest city in Pakistan after Karachi. It is popularly known as the Heart of Pakistan, due to its historical importance in the creation of Pakistan, and also being the cultural, political and educational centre of the country. It is also often called Gardens of the Mughals or City of Gardens because of the heritage of the Mughal Empire. It is located near the Ravi River and Wagah, close to the Pakistan-India border.
It offers a healthy climate, pollution free atmosphere, plenty of water and lush green area. It is a modern and carefully planned city with wide tree-lined streets, large houses elegant public buildings and well-organised bazars/markets/shopping centres. The average humidity level is 55% with an average rainfall of 1150 millimeters each year. The city is quite moderate in case of its wether. The maximum average temperature is 29C and goes down to average minimum of around 14C.
Lahore has a combination of different people from all over the world and Pakistan. As similar to many other capitals of the world, Lahore combines traditions of many areas and thus provide cultural opportunity for everyone alike. The markets and shopping areas clearly represents the theme of different cultural values.
Gaddafi Stadium is a Test cricket ground in Lahore. Designed by Pakistani architect Nayyar Ali Dada, it was completed in 1959 and is one of the biggest cricket stadiums in Asia. After its renovation for the 1996 Cricket World Cup, the stadium had a capacity of over 60,000 spectators for high-profile matches or events. Nearby are an athletics stadium, a basketball pitch, the Al Hamra, open-air hall similar in design to the coliseum, and the world's largest field hockey stadium, Another Cricket Ground and Headquarters of Pakistan Cricket Board, all based in the city's Sports complex. In the same vicinity lie headquarters of the Pakistan Football Federation, as well as the multi-sport Punjab Stadium.
Historical Places and Monuments Minar-e-Pakistan
Literally meaning the “Tower of Pakistan,” the Minar was completed during a span of eight years from 1960 to 1968. The monument is located on the same grounds where the famous Lahore Resolution was passed in 1940. The Resolution demanded separate states for the Muslims of the then-India, thus fusing the creation of Pakistan with the minaret.
Although most parts of the Royal Fort were constructed around 1566 A.D. by the Mughal Emperor, Akbar the Great, there is evidence that a mud fort was in existence here in 1021 A.D. as well, when Mahmood of Ghazna invaded this area. Akbar demolished the old mud fort and constructed most of the modern Fort, as we see it today, on the old foundations.
Built by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan, the Shalamar Bagh is one of the most beautiful sites in Pakistan. Its gardens and refreshing fountains attract a large number of visitors. The site consists of three levels of garden terraces which were watered by a canal; which also waters the exquisite marble terrace. It has a total of 410 fountains at all levels and a large variety of fruit trees.
The tomb of Allama Muhammad Iqbal at Lahore is an important national monument. The tomb is located in the Hazuri Bagh between the Lahore Fort and Badshahi Mosque. Set in beautiful red sandstone, Iqbal’s importance to Pakistan renders this building historical significance.
The Badshahi Mosque , or the 'Emperor's Mosque', was built in 1673 by the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb in Lahore.It is one of the city's best known landmarks, and a major tourist attraction and characterizes the beauty and greatness of the Mughal era.Capable of accommodating over 55,000 worshipers. It is the second largest mosque in Pakistan, after the Faisal Mosque in Islamabad. The architecture and design of the Badshahi Masjid is closely related to the Jama Masjid in Delhi, India, which was built in 1648 by Aurangzeb's father and predecessor, Emperor Shah Jahan. The Imam-e-Kaaba (Sheikh Abdur-Rahman AlSudais of Saudi Arabia) has also led prayers in this mosque in 2007.
The Capital and the largest city of the Khyber Pakhtoon Khuwan (K.P.K), Peshawar, has enjoyed tremendous historical, Military and political importance because of the Khyber Pass which has been a vintage point as a gateway for invaders of the sub-continent.
Its climate and weather conditions are regraded as the Pakistan's healthiest climate. With average temperatures of 30-35 C, Peshawar is one the popular tourist attraction site around the year.
Peshawar specialty is the Chappli Kabab (a spicy beef burger mixed with tomato, corn flour, green chilies and eggs) served on naan (unleaved bread) which acts as edible plate.Qehwa Khana, a traditional teashop, is totally heaven for the weary travelers for providing relief. One definitely comes across the Qehwa Khana on longer routes or inside the Peshawar city.The style, the decor, the hookas (smoking pipes), and brass samovars with colorful China teapots and small bowls of matching colors would be same at all Qehwa Khana. The tea is served steaming hot, without milk, as it is not the usual black type but has leaves of bottle green color which gives it its name green tea.
Historical Places and Monuments Khyber Pass
The Khyber Pass is the mountain pass that links Pakistan and Afghanistan at an altitude of 1,070 m or 3,510 feet .Throughout history it has been an important trade route between Central Asia and South Asia and a strategic military location. The summit of the Khyber Pass is 5 kilometers (3.1 mi) inside Pakistan at Landi Kotal and it cuts through the northeastern part of the White Mountainsor Koh-e-Safaid - extension of the Hindu Kush range. For centuries, it has been a trade route between south and north Asia.Every stone in the Khyber has been soaked in blood." Rudyard Kipling called it "a sword cut through the mountains."
Situated in Peshawar, Islamia College was established in 1913 by Nawab Sir Sahabzada Abdul Qayyum and Sir George Roos Kepel. The idea of Abdul Qayyum, an educationist-cum-politician, was to build an educational institute that imparts modern education to the Muslims. Later on, the students of Islamia College played an important role in the movement of independence for Pakistan; even Jinnah visited the College thrice.
Bala Hisar Fort
Quetta, derived from kwatta meaning fort in Pushtu, the fruit garden of Pakistan and the capital of Baluchistan is the legendary stronghold of the western frontier. It sits at 1,680 metres (5,500 feet) above sea level.
Quetta has a semi-arid climate with a significant variation between summer and winter temperatures. Summer starts in late May and goes on until early September with average temperatures ranging from 24–26 °C.The highest temperature in Quetta is 42 °C which was recorded on 10 July 1998. Autumn starts in late September and continues until mid-November with average temperatures in the 12–18 °C range. Winter starts in late November and ends in late March, with average temperatures near 4–5 °C.The lowest temperature in Quetta is −18.3 C which was recorded on 8 January 1970. Spring starts in early April and ends in late May, with average temperatures close to 15 °C . Unlike more easterly parts of Pakistan, Quetta does not have a monsoon season of heavy rainfall
Quetta tribesman is strong and silent in their bearing, they are known for their friendliness and hospitality. To make a visitor comfortable is part of their tradition. The main bazaar on Jinnah Road is full of Pathan traders wearing huge turbans, Baluchi hawkers with red embroidered caps, and fullskirted nomad women carrying bundles of imported cloth for sale.It is always crowded and colorful. Baluchi mirror-work embroidery, jackets, fur coats, sandals, Afghan carpets onyx,semiprecious stones, dried fruit and nuts are the best buys in the bazaar.The Kandahari Bazaar on Iqbal Road, which crosses Jinnah Road at right angles, and the Liaquat Bazaar on Liaquat Road, are also good hunting grounds for Baluchi souvenirs.
Historical Places and Monuments Quaid-e-Azam Residency
Situated in Ziarat, a hill station in Balochistan province, the Residency was where Pakistan's founder Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah spent the last days of his life. The ailing Jinnah was recommended a rest and Ziarat was the best choice for its fragrance and fresh mountain air. There, the Residency, a wooden structure, provided the founder with the perfect retreat.
Famous Cities of Pakistan
Faisalabad is the third largest city in Pakistan with an estimated 2006 population of 2.6 million (city proper). The entire district had a population of about 5.4 million in 1998. It is an important industrial centre located in the Punjab province, west of Lahore.
The climate of the district touches two extremes. The maximum temperature in summer reaches upto 50°C or 122°F. In winter, it may, at times. Fall below the freezing point. The mean maximum and minimum temperature in summer are 39 and 27°C respectively and in winter, 21 and 6°C respectively. The summer season starts from April and continues till October. May, June and July are the hottest months. The winter season, on the other hand, starts from November and continues till March. December, January and February are the coldest months.
The district of Gujranwala, with a population of about 11 million has an area of 3198 km², making Gujranwala the fifth largest city in Pakistan. It borders with and some small towns and villages.
The climate of Gujranwala changes quite drastically through the year. The summer periods last from June through to September where the temperature reaches 36-42 degrees Celsius. The coldest months are usually November to February. The temperature can drop to seven degrees Celsius on average. The highest precipitation months are usually July and August when the monsoon season hits the Punjab province. During the other months the average rainfall is roughly 25 mm. The driest months are usually November through to April, when little rainfall is seen.
Gujranwala has a lot of tourist attractions and places of interest. There are many modern shopping malls where the visitors can enjoy shopping in controlled environment and can buy local and international brands. There is an Officers' Club which has a swimming pool and squash complex, with the scenic natural beauty of Gujranwala Golf and Country Club. There are modern, innovative landmarks like Jinnah Stadium, Pace Shopping Centre and Nishan-e-Manzil. Jinnah Park, Model Town Park, Gulshan Park, Liaqat Park and other recreational places ensure that the city offers something for everyone.
Hyderabad is a city, district and division in the Sindh province. Hyderabad is one of the oldest cities of the sub-continent. The city is an administrative headquarters lying on the most northern hill of the Ganjo Takkar ridge just east of the River Indus. Before the creation of Pakistan, it was known as the Paris of India, for its roads used to be washed with perfume every day.
Hyderabad has a hot desert climate , with warm conditions year-round. The period from mid-April to late June (before the onset of the monsoon) is the hottest of the year, with highs peaking in May at 41.4 °C (106.5 °F). During this time, winds that blow usually bring along clouds of dust, and people prefer staying indoors in the daytime, while the breeze that flows at night is more pleasant. Winters are warm, with highs around 25 °C (77 °F), though lows can often drop below 10 °C (50 °F) at night. The highest temperature of 48.5 °C (119 °F) was recorded on 7 June 1991, while the lowest temperature of 1 °C (34 °F) was recorded on 8 February 2012.
Historical Places and Monuments Ranikot Fort
Multan is one of the famous cities in Pakistan for traditional and religious fairs and festivals. There were lot of Islamic Saints whose shrines are the assets of Muslims. Multan is well-known as 'City of Saints and Shrines'
District Multan has an extreme climate. The extreme temperature of Multan in summer is 49ºC whereas 1ºC in winter. The average rainfall is 127 mm. The land of the district is plain and very fertile. However, the portions of tehsils Multan and Shujabad close to the river Chenab are flooded during monsoons season.
There is a saying in Persian that Multan is the 'City of Saints, Sufis and Beggars'. It is one of the main cities in the Southern Punjab province of Pakistan. The city has been a focal point for many religions, in particular becoming a central abode for Sufism, the mystical side of Islam. The city has attracted Sufi saints from far places of the globe. Today, Multan is known as the 'City of Sufis'. His HighnessShaikh Amin bin Abdul Rehman, who has introduced the Idrisiyya sufi order in Pakistan, lives at 381-A, Shah Rukn-e-Alam Colony, New Multan, where a four-storey mosque adjacent to his residence is visited by people from all over the world..
Historical Places and Monuments Gate of Multan Fort
The Multan Fort was built on a detached, rather, high mound of earth separated from the city by the bed of an old branch of the river Ravi.
Multan Clock Tower
Shah Rukne Alam
Patrick Alexander Monument
Tomb of Bahauddin Zakariya
Sialkot is a city situated in Punjab province of Pakistan. It is located near Indo-Pak border, about 125 k.m. From Lahore, the capital of Punjab. The city is famous for being the birthplace of Allama Iqbal. This city is centries old. According to tradition, it was constructed by Raja Sul. After his death 5000 years ago.
Sialkot features a humid subtropical climate under the Köppen climate classification. Sialkot is chilly during winters and hot and humid during summers. May and June are the hottest months. The temperature during winter may drop to 0°C. The land is, generally, plain and fertile. Most of the rain falls during the monsoon season in summer which often results in flooding when combined with meltwater from Himalayan glaciers entering local rivers. Sialkot has one of the most modern weather forecasting and flood warning centres in the country, which is fully equipped to record and transfer data to and from the relevant concerns. This facility is equipped with radar and is internationally linked.
Historical Places and Monuments Sialkot Clock Tower
Sukkur city is in Southeastern Pakistan in Sind Province, on the Indus River. It covers an area of 5,165 square kilometres. Geographically it is spanned from 27°05' to 28°02' north latitudes and from 68°47' to 69°43' east longitudes. The city of Sukkur is located at an altitude of 220 feet (67 m) from sea level
The climate of the Sukkur is characterized by hot and hazy weather during summer days while dry and cold in winter. During January, temperature ranges from 7 to 22 °C (44 to 71 °F). The summer (month of June before monsoon) temperature averages 35 °C (95 °F) though it often reaches up to 52°C (107 °F). Generally the summer season commences in March - April and ends before October. The average rainfall of the district is 88 mm, (ranges from 0.59 mm to 25.62 mm) per annum.
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