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2008 Hurricane Guide

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Advice from Bill Read: 7 Hurricane Preparation Checklist: 15 Special Needs: 25
Director, National Hurricane Center
National Hurricane Center at Glance: 16 Emergency Network: 27
Important Contact Information: 8
Surge Myths: 19 Pets: 28
Warnings from Matt Strahan: 11
Behind the Scenes With Dennis Feltgen: 21 Applying for a FEMA Trailer: 30
Monroe County Shelters: 12&13
Tips for Boaters: 24 Re-entry to the Keys: 31

Special Thanks
Many people and
organizations were
instrumental in
making the 2008
Hurricane Guide the
most comprehensive
publication available.
The staff at the Weekly
Newspapers would
like to thank National
Hurricane Center
Director Bill Read, Matt
Strahan and the entire
staff at the National
Weather Service in
Key West, Monroe
County Emergency
Management, Monroe
County Sheriff’s Office,
NASA, the United States
Coast Guard, NOAA,
and Billy Wagner

Published by the
Weekly Newspapers
(305) 743-0844
Art by: Travis Cready
Written by: Matt Standal

2008 Hurricane Guide

Village of Islamorada


Islamorada enjoys an extraordinary quality of life in a beautiful tropical paradise. Nevertheless, our
location leaves us exposed to the powerful and destructive nature of hurricanes.

Although we can not prevent hurricanes, we can prepare for them. And through careful planning
and the collective efforts between government, citizens and businesses, we can lessen the effects of a
hurricane and carry on as one of the finest communities in America.

In Islamorada, we are making intensive efforts to ensure the safety and well-being of you and your
family in many different ways. While the Village does have comprehensive hurricane preparedness
plans, it is vital each resident and visitor is educated on how to prepare for, and what to do should a
hurricane strike. This guide will help you get started.

It’s estimated that 80-90% of people living in hurricane prone areas think they’ve experienced the
worst of a major hurricane; most likely they have not. This can give people a false sense of what a
major hurricane actually is or the potential damage it can cause. Every day that goes by without a
hurricane, it becomes harder and harder to convince people to prepare.

So, here we go folks. Your wake up call is ringing and you’ve got three options: get your hurricane
plan done now; accept the notion you’ll be waiting in very long lines for supplies; or get caught by

Keeping our fingers crossed won’t do the trick. Please prepare now for storm season.


Mayor Cathi Hill

Mayor Vice Mayor Councilman Councilman Councilwoman

Cathi Hill Don Achenberg .JDIBFM3FDLXFSEU Dave Boerner +JMM;JNB#PSTLJ




The Village of Islamorada has developed its own CEMP which has specific plans to deal with tropical cyclone emergencies. The primary strategic
components of this plan are:
- Reduce vulnerability of people to damage, injury, and loss of life and property.
- Prepare for prompt and efficient response and recovery.
- Prepare for prompt and efficient rescue, care, and treatment of victims.
- Provide a setting of rapid and orderly restoration of services and rehabilitation of affected property.
- Provide for interagency coordination to facilitate immediate delivery of assistance.
- Maintain continuity of operations and continuity of government.
- Provide public information

Once the Mayor (or in the Mayor’s absence, Vice Mayor, Mayor’s designee, or an available Councilmember) declare a local State of Emergency,
the CEMP is then put into place. Depending upon the level of the threat of the approaching storm, the Village will coordinate protective actions
with Monroe County’s Emergency Operations Center (EOC). Additionally, the Village will set up its own EOC to coordinate necessary local

At timed intervals before landfall, different parts of the plan will be implemented. These include identifying and determining the need to
evacuate non-residents, boaters, parks and campgrounds, trailer and RV parks and special needs. In addition, coordination of response and
recovery teams, any necessary mandatory evacuations, and all necessary interagency coordination will also be addressed.
The Village has contracts with professional disaster recovery teams, as well as additional local providers of heavy equipment and contractual
services necessary for any recovery. However, the aftermath of a tropical cyclone impact leaves many hazards that will need to be managed
and rendered safe. Some of these could be down power lines, blocked or washed-out roads and highways, fire hazards, and unsafe structures
and looters.

Local residents must be patient while emergency responders perform search and rescue and render areas safe. Local residents should understand
that recovery from a tropical cyclone emergency will be extensive and comprehensive! Depending on the damage and access to the affected
areas recovery could take days, weeks or months! Your patience will greatly assist our efforts during the recovery process!

Just as The Village has a Disaster Preparedness and Response Plan for its residents and visitors, so should each resident have their own plan. Use the resources
in this guide to formulate your own plan, and then put it into effect should a storm threaten. - Chief William A. Wagner, III

Category 3, 4, & 5 Hurricanes

that have effected the Keys in
the last 100 years

2008 Hurricane Guide

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Hurricane hunting meteorologist Bill Read joined the team at It’s been more than a decade since the Florida Keys sustained
Miami’s National Hurricane center just this March. An experienced a direct hit from a major hurricane. Explain the importance
leader, he brings to the position over 30 years of intense storm of storm education and hurricane preparedness during these
forecasting, hurricane impact prediction, and complex disaster times of relative calm.
response skills. The challenge you have in the Keys is no different than
A graduate of Texas A&M University, Read earned both his anywhere else as far as the recognition of the risk. It’s a relatively
Bachelor’s and Master’s Degrees in Meteorology, served in the U.S. low probability event, though higher for the Keys than elsewhere,
Navy, and was commissioned as the onboard flight meteorologist with a very high impact should that event actually occur. And
for the Navy’s squadron of P-3 Orion “Hurricane Hunters.” that’s wherein your problem lies… In the Florida Keys you really
Before he was named Director of the National Hurricane Center, don’t have a whole lot of options other than to get out of harm’s
Read worked as the top meteorologist at the Houston-Galveston way. If people continue to decide not to leave, someday they’re
Area National Weather Service where he led a team of forecasters going to get bit by the one that rolls right on top of them.
through many significant weather operations including Tropical
Storm Allison, Hurricane Claudette, and Hurricane Rita. Read has How should area residents work together to prepare for
also been a member of the National Hurricane Liaison Team, hurricanes and major tropical storms?
where he assisted the National Hurricane Center in the briefing The number one thing is to assume the individual responsibility
of high level government agencies. In this role, Read worked for you and your family. Therefore, you have to have a plan for
Hurricanes Isabel (2003), Charley (2004), and Katrina (2005). what you are going to do in regards to a hurricane. It’s pretty easy
Honored for his dedication to severe weather forecasting, to know your risk in the Keys, because you’re a series of islands.
Read’s most significant awards include the Special Award for Once you’ve established that, you should help your neighbors and
Public Education from the National Hurricane Conference in 2004, encourage others to develop plans. The tie in is with your local
and the Member of the Year Award from the National Weather government’s emergency managers who work diligently to come
Association in1996. up with the big picture. You need to work with them and agree
5IF8FFLMZ/FXTQBQFST recently asked the National Hurricane on what’s right to do, and then when told to act, act.
Center Director about hurricane preparedness in relation to the
low-lying Florida Keys. In the event of a mandatory evacuation, what should be a
resident’s top priority?
As Director of the National Hurricane Center and one of the Following that directive and “getting out of Dodge,” so to speak.
top meteorologists in the world, what are some of the biggest Things you could be doing now—make sure your car is in good
challenges you face? running order; if it’s not in good running order and it breaks down,
I’ve always felt that the number one challenge is to make sure now you’re in a world of hurt in the middle of an evacuation.
that what we’re forecasting is conveyed clearly to the citizens that What are you going to take? Have you got special medications?
are going to be impacted by the weather so that they have the Your 130-pound Saint Bernard – how are you going to get it out
information they need to do the right thing. of there? Those types of things are the things you need to worry
about now so you don’t have to try to do those in a crisis when
Do you predict a pattern of greater intensity when it comes you haven’t thought about them.
to future Atlantic Hurricanes?
Quite frankly from the data that’s out there now, I don’t see it. In relation to Monroe County residents, what is the most
But, it doesn’t really matter because a lot of the big storms that important information you can offer?
have hit have occurred in years when relatively little has been Have a plan, know where you’re going to go, know who your
going on. If you look at Andrew in ‘92 there was only six storms, officials are that will be advising you of when it’s time to go—and
Alicia in ‘83 there was only four, so the number of storms isn’t as do it.
nearly as important as the one storm that runs over the Keys.
2008 Hurricane Guide

Websites and Phone Numbers

Important information for the 2008 Hurricane Season

The following telephone numbers and websites provide an updated source of hurricane information. Be
cautious of information not provided by official sources. Use this list in your household plan for hurricane
evacuation. “Have a plan, know where you’re going to go, know who your officials are that will be advising
you of when it’s time to go—and do it,” says Bill Read, Director of the National Hurricane Center.

Village of Islamorada

Islamorada, Village of Islands

Fire Rescue and Emergency Management: 305-664-4559

Islamorada, Village of Islands Preparedness Information

Monroe County Information Hotline: 1-800-955-5504

Monroe County Sheriff’s Office: 305-853-3211 (non-emergency)

In an emergency dial 9-1-1

National Weather Service, Key West: 1-305-295-1316

National Hurricane Center Preparedness Info
Ready America, Ready Business and Ready Kids

Are You Ready? An In-depth Guide to Citizen Preparedness

Florida Division of Emergency Management: 1-800-342-3557

Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA): 1-800-621-3362

(TTY/TDD 800-462-7585)

Florida Department of Financial Services (including insurance): 1-800-343-2762

The Weather Channel: Channel 27 (Comcast Subscribers)

American Red Cross, Miami/Keys Chapter US Coast Guard Boating Information


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2008 Hurricane Guide

Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale TROPICAL STORM DICTIONARY:

Classifying scale for most Western Hemisphere
tropical cyclones that exceed the intensities of know the terms, identify the hazards
“tropical depressions” and “tropical storms”, and
thereby become hurricanes. The categories into Barometric Pressure Barometric winds associated with them.
which the scale divides hurricanes are distinguished pressure is the weight of the column of air Tropical Depression An organized
by the intensities of their respective sustained winds. that extends from the ground (or water’s system of clouds and thunderstorms with a
The classifications are intended primarily for use in surface) to the top of the atmosphere. It defined surface circulation and maximum
measuring the potential damage and flooding a is also called air pressure. Air pressure is sustained winds of 38 MPH (33 knots) or
hurricane will cause upon landfall. The Saffir-Simpson measured by a barometer. 29.92 is the less. Sustained winds are defined as one-
Hurricane Scale is used only to describe hurricanes average air pressure at sea level. Barometric minute average wind measured at about
forming in the Atlantic Ocean and northern Pacific pressure is very low in a hurricane. Labor 33 ft (10 meters) above the surface.
Ocean east of the International Date Line. Other Day Hurricane: 26.35 inHg(inches of
mercury), Georges: 27.68 inHg, Wilma:
areas label their tropical cyclones as “cyclones” and
26.06 inHg (record low)
Tropical Disturbance A discrete
“typhoons”, and use their own classification scales. tropical weather system of apparently
organized convection -- generally 100 to
Category 1 winds 74 – 95mph Eye The roughly circular area of 300 nmi in diameter -- originating in the
No real damage to buildings. Damage to unanchored comparatively light winds that encompasses tropics or subtropics, having a nonfrontal
mobile homes. Some damage to poorly constructed the center of a severe tropical cyclone. migratory character, and maintaining its
signs. Also, some coastal flooding and minor pier The eye is either completely or partially identity for 24 hours or more. It may or
damage. Irene(1999), Allison(1995) surrounded by the eyewall cloud. may not be associated with a detectable
perturbation of the wind field.
Category 2 winds 96 – 110mph Eyewall / Wall Cloud An organized
Some damage to building roofs, doors and band or ring of cumulonimbus clouds that Tropical Storm An organized system
windows. Considerable damage to mobile homes. surround the eye, or light-wind center of of strong thunderstorms with a defined
Flooding damages piers and small craft in unprotected a tropical cyclone. Eyewall and wall cloud surface circulation and maximum sustained
moorings may break their moorings. Some trees are used synonymously. winds of 39–73 MPH (34–63 knots).
blown down.
Georges(1999), Gloria(1985)
Hurricane An intense tropical weather Tropical Storm Watch Hurricane/
system of strong thunderstorms with tropical storm conditions are possible in the
Major Hurricanes a well-defined surface circulation and specified area, usually within 36 hours. Tune
Category 3 winds 111 – 130mph maximum sustained winds of 74 MPH (64 in to NOAA Weather Radio, commercial
Some structural damage to small residences and knots) or higher. radio, or television for information.
utility buildings. Large trees blown down. Mobile
homes and poorly built signs destroyed. Flooding Hurricane Warning A warning that Tropical Storm Warning Tropical
near the coast destroys smaller structures with larger sustained winds 64 kt (74 mph or 119 km/ storm conditions are expected in the
structures damaged by floating debris. Terrain may be hr) or higher associated with a hurricane specified area, usually within 24 hours.
flooded will inland. are expected in a specified coastal area in
Betsy(1965), Alicia(1983), Fran(1996), Dennis(2005), 24 hours or less. A hurricane warning can
Katrina(2005), Rita(2005), Wilma(2005) remain in effect when dangerously high
Storm Surge An abnormal rise in sea
level accompanying a hurricane or other
water or a combination of dangerously
Category 4 winds 131 – 155mph high water and exceptionally high waves
intense storm, and whose height is the
More extensive curtailwall features with some difference between the observed level of
continue, even though winds may be less
complete roof structure failures on small residences. the sea surface and the level that would
than hurricane force.
Major erosion of beach areas. Terrain may be flooded have occurred in the absence of the
well inland. cyclone. Storm surge is usually estimated
“Galveston”(1900), Donna(1960), Hugo(1989), Hurricane Watch An announcement by subtracting the normal or astronomic
Charley(2004) for specific coastal areas that hurricane high tide from the observed storm tide
conditions are possible within 36 hours. and can reach 25 feet high and be 50–1000
Category 5 winds 156mph + miles wide.
Complete roof failure on many residences and Tropical Cyclone Tropical cyclones
industrial buildings. Some complete building failures are warm core, non-frontal, low-pressure Storm Tide A combination of storm
with small utility buildings blown over or away. systems of synoptic scale that develop over surge and the normal tide (i.e., a 15-foot
Flooding causes major damage to lower floors of all tropical or subtropical waters and have storm surge combined with a 2-foot
structures near the shoreline. Massive evacuation of a definite organized surface circulation. normal high tide over the mean sea level
residential areas may be required. Tropical depressions, tropical storms, and created a 17-foot storm tide).
“Labor Day”(1935), Camille(1969), Andrew(1992) hurricane are all forms of tropical cyclones,
differentiated only be the intensity of the
Matt Strahan
In the continental United States’ southernmost county, emergency
managers and local officials turn to the Key West Weather Service for If the Keys can survive a hit from a Category 1 or 2 hurricane, why
specific, localized weather forecasts in the event of severe weather. Since would Emergency Management call for an evacuation during a
graduating from the University of Missouri with a degree in Atmospheric Tropical Storm – like they did with Hurricane Rita in 2005.
Science, Strahan has flown into thunderstorms aboard rickety airplanes, That evacuation was actually started while Rita was only a Tropical
used his laptop as a flashlight during tropical storms, and issued tornado Depression, but it was forecast to pass very close to the lower Keys as
warnings in a bathrobe. In 2002 he was appointed Meteorologist- a Category 2 hurricane. Emergency Management always plans for one
in-Charge for the Key West Weather Service. Since that time, he has category higher than the forecast, so they usually evacuate for Category
watched the passage of 11 hurricanes on the local Keys weather radar, 2 storms. Planning for one category higher than the forecast is a good
including 8 during the hurricane laden seasons of 2004 and 2005. rule of thumb, because our forecasts are often off by about a category.

The Weekly Newspapers recently caught up with Strahan and What should Monroe County residents be more concerned with:
asked him to share his concerns regarding the 2007 Atlantic Hurricane high winds or storm surge?
Season. Most buildings in Monroe County that were constructed within the
last few decades shouldn’t collapse in the wind, but they are not likely to
Over the last few years, Monroe County has been impacted by withstand a violent storm surge. Storm surges in the Keys are sometimes
several storms, but with no catastrophic damage or loss of life. Can fairly gentle, like Wilma, but they can be very violent, like with Donna, Betsy
this be attributed to higher building standards, better evacuation and the 1935 Labor Day Hurricane. These violent surges usually come from
procedures, advanced forecasts, or just luck? the Atlantic, and can wash over entire islands. As a general rule, if your
Despite several close calls, none of these hurricanes have actually home was flooded by Wilma, it could be washed away by a violent Atlantic
crossed the Keys. That’s luck. With the exception of Ocean Reef in Andrew storm surge. Just imagine Wilma’s surge with 120 mph wind pushing debris
back in 1992, the Keys luck has held since 1965. Hurricane Betsy came laden water at your home. Even stilted buildings would be in danger if they
through the upper Keys that year, which was the last time the Keys really were struck by floating debris.
experienced a solid hit of a Category 3 or higher hurricane. Hurricane
Betsy and Hurricane Donna in 1960 both showed how destructive a Since Hurricane Andrew in 1992, forecast errors have been cut in
major hurricane strike can be for the Keys. Luckily, people had enough half. What continues to be the Weather Service’s biggest challenge
notice to evacuate before those storms, so almost no lives were lost. when forecasting tropical storms and hurricanes?
While the track error has been cut in half in the last 15 years, no
When a storm is bearing down on South Florida, how should progress has been made at all with intensity forecasting. Unfortunately,
residents feel about evacuating to a hotel on the mainland that our location in the warm waters of the Gulf Stream, at the southeast
is just as likely to be struck by the hurricane as their home in the edge of the Atlantic high pressure center, is an ideal location for rapid
Keys? intensification. It is not unusual for storms to go from a Tropical Storm
This actually happened to people who evacuated the Keys and stayed to a Cat 4 or 5 in our region. It would be completely unusual for us to
in Homestead during Hurricane Andrew in 1992. This story is now used forecast it before it happened. This is because we can model steering
by many Keys residents as an excuse to not evacuate. However, while the currents in the environment around a hurricane, but we have difficulty
Andrew evacuees had a horrible experience as they road the storm out even observing, much less modeling, the actual structure inside of
in a hotel they survived unscathed. If Andrew would have veered south hurricane. There’s only so much data you can gather from satellites
and gone through the Keys, those who did not evacuate would have and aircraft, and it’s not enough to get a full 3D picture of a storm.
been much less likely to have been unscathed. They would have faced This missing 3D picture is necessary in order to forecast the structural
the storm surge, which is much more destructive than the wind. Strong changes that lead to intensity changes. Hopefully researchers will find a
structures can stand up to hurricane winds, but storm surge sweeps away sensor technology that can give us the initial picture, but then you need
almost everything. a model to handle that much data, and enough computer power to run
the model. We’re probably a long ways from reaching those goals.

2008 Hurricane Guide

When hurricanes are tracking across the Atlantic Ocean and veering .FEJDBUJPOT 'JSTU"JETVQQMJFTMedications--clearly marked with
toward the Florida Keys, proper preparation is the best defense for you your name, dosage, type of medication, and prescribing physician. You
and your family. must be able to take all medications by yourself. Any dressing changes
Who should Evacuate? *NQPSUBOU1BQFSTIdentification and valuable papers (insurance
Category 3, 4, AND 5 Hurricanes: documents, etc.), Name and address of doctors, Name and address of
By state statute, all persons are required to comply with an evacuation nearest relative not living in area.
order. In this case, you will be directed to go to the mainland. 1FUTSpecial Needs clients who pre-register their pet(s) are able
'PSBOZIVSSJDBOFAll persons that live in mobile homes, travel to bring their pet(s) with them to shelter providing that Pet-Friendly
trailers, recreational vehicles (RVs), and boats are required to evacuate. sheltering is available at the time, they provide the required supplies
Without regard to structure type, all persons that live in low-lying (including a cage, food, etc.), and make arrangements in advance of
areas or directly adjacent to the water will receive a recommendation their pick-up.
to evacuate. .JTDFMMBOFPVTBring a cell phone if you have one. It may come
All persons that are sick, elderly, or disabled will receive a in handy. Games, cards, toys, battery powered radios, flashlights (no
recommendation to evacuate the mainland. candles or lanterns), batteries, or other reasonable items you may need
All women in their third trimester of pregnancy will receive a are welcome too. Take a bath and eat before you leave home.
recommendation to evacuate. Not Allowed: Alcoholic Beverages or Weapons
All non-residents and visitors to the Florida Keys must evacuate due
to Florida Statutes. Evacuating to Dade County
Monroe County residents seeking public shelter in Dade County
Evacuating your home should take the Fl Turnpike Extension from Fl City to Florida International
An evacuation is a slow, frustrating, time consuming experience. University (F.I.U.) at the US 41/SW 8th St. Exit (MM25X). See map below.
Evacuees exercise extreme caution in traffic, because they do not wish This is the officially designated location to provide shelter for Monroe
to loose their means of transportation. Provisions have been made County residents. Do not report to other Dade County shelters as they
to close US1 and move remaining evacuees into the safest structures may not be open. IMPORTANT: Bring items with you as shown in “What
available, as weather conditions deteriorate. You will not be caught on to bring to a Shelter”.
the highway during landfall of any hurricane. Remember these important Upon entering Dade County, turn your radio to station WIOD (610
points, while evacuating AM) or WFLC (97.3F) to receive emergency information.
t Select your primary and alternate evacuation routes prior to leaving. When weather forecasters predict that the Florida Keys are in the path
t5BLFEFUBJMFENBQTPGBSFBTBSPVOEZPVSEFTUJOBUJPOBOEBMPOHZPVS of a hurricane, Monroe County shelters are opened. However, Monroe
evacuation route. County may not have enough shelter spaces for a Category 1 or 2 storm
t.POJUPSMPDBMNFEJBGPSJNQPSUBOUJOGPSNBUJPOGSPN&NFSHFODZ (This is especially true of the Lower Keys and Key West). In the event of a
Management. Category 3 storm or higher, all shelters will be closed and residents must
t'JMMZPVS$BSTGVFMUBOL mSTU evacuate to the mainland. Monroe County’s Emergency Preparedness
t$IFDLBMMnVJEMFWFMTJOZPVSDBS Plan calls for a ‘Phased Evacuation” intended to provide a safe and orderly
t5BLFBOBEFRVBUFTVQQMZPGGPPEBOEXBUFS At this point, residents and visitors should already have their disaster

Dangerous winds can often precede a hurricane by many hours. All 'JWF)BSE'BDUT
persons evacuating with a large vehicle and those persons planning to 1) Monroe County may not have enough shelter spaces for a Category
tow a trailer or boat are required to leave early. Later in an evacuation, 1 or 2 hurricane.
these vehicles will be removed from traffic. 2) There are no shelters in Monroe County that will be safe in the most
deadly hurricanes (Category 3,4, or 5) and will close during the most
8)"550#3*/(50"4)&-5&3 intense hurricanes. Residents and visitors will then evacuate to the
'PPEIf you have the need for special foods (Ensure, etc.) you may mainland.
bring them with you. High-energy foods such as peanut butter, jelly, 3) The purpose of a shelter is to provide a safe haven from the storm.
crackers, granola bars, trail mix, and other snack foods may be a good DO NOT EXPECT substantial meals or comfort items.
idea if you get hungry in between meals. If necessary bring special 4) NO MEDICAL CARE will be available at these shelters. Residents
dietary foods--such as diabetic, low salt, liquid diet, baby food and who need medical care or who qualify as “special needs” should
formula. Don’t forget a manual can opener. register with Monroe County Social Services if they will require special
$MPUIJOHBOE#FEEJOHOne complete change of clothing including assistance in evacuating.
footwear. A sleeping bag, blanket and pillow. Rain gear and sturdy shoes. 5) Absolutely no alcohol, illegal drugs, or weapons will be permitted
1FSTPOBM*UFNTWashcloth, small towel, soap, toothbrush, toothpaste, in the shelters.
sanitary napkins, paper towels, toilet paper, towelettes, etc.



1 MM0 - MM6, Key West High School
2100 Flagler Ave., Key West 1 Poinciana Elementary School
1407 Kennedy Drive, Key West

2 MM6-MM40, Sugarloaf Elementary School

One block north of U.S. 1 on Crane Blvd., MM19
3 MM40-MM63, Stanley Switlik Elementary School
3400 Overseas Hwy., accessed by 35th St., Bayside, Marathon

4 MM63-3-way stop at CR 905 (near Garden Cove)

Coral Shores High School 3
8990 Old Highway, MM89, Oceanside

5 CR 905-Mainland, FIU Campus and

other Miami-Dade shelterss 2


For 2008, Monroe County recognizes additional citizen needs in relation
to emergency evacuation. Now offering additional transportation -PXFS,FZT
services for residents, guests, workforce, and appropriately caged or MM 4.6 Stock Island — Vacant lot north of Burger King
crated pets, Monroe County wants you to know the following new MM 10 Big Coppitt — Circle K
information: MM 15 Saddlebunch — Baby’s Coffee
MM 17 Sugarloaf Blvd
Countywide emergency transportation provided by Monroe County MM 20 Sugarloaf — Alamo building
will be available during the evacuation, reentry, and recovery phases MM 21 Cudjoe — County building
of emergencies as determined by Monroe County Emergency MM 22 Cudjoe — BC Marine
Management MM 25 Summerland — Professional building just north of Dion’s
MM 27 Ramrod — Looe Key Resort
The purpose of emergency transportation is to provide residents, guests, MM 28.5 Littler Torch — Dolphin Marina
workforce and pets with transportation to County shelter facilities located MM 29.5 Big Pine — Keys Sea Center
at Florida International University campus in Miami-Dade County. MM 31.4 Big Pine — St. Peter’s Church

Those who wish to utilize these emergency transportation services can Middle Keys
be picked up at the following countywide locations: MM 47.5 Knights Key
MM 48.7 Marathon — Fisherman’s Hospital
OFFE w SFNJOET *SFOF 5POFS  $PVOUZ %JSFDUPS PG &NFSHFODZ MM 51.7 Marathon — Southwind Building
Management. MM 53.2 Marathon — San Pablo Church
MM 58 Grassy Key — Wild Bill’s
MM 59 Grassy Key — JoJo’s
MM 61 Hawk’s Cay — Water’s Edge restaurant
We offer MUCH MORE than shipping! MM 62.9 Coral Key
MM 68.5 Layton — City Hall
Printing Copying MM 70 Fiesta Key — Aqueduct Authority


MM 73.8 Lower Matecumbe — Caloos Cove Marina
Document Scanning Services MM 75 Lower Matecumbe — Columbus Drive

The UPS Store

MM 81.5 Upper Matecumbe—Hurricane Monument
MM 84.2 Windley Key —Holiday Isle
MM 86 Plantation Key — DOT scale house
305-743-2005 MM 84.4 Plantation Key — Professional building mm 88.4
MM 90 Plantation Key — Coral Shores High School
5409 O/S Hwy MM 50 • Next to Publix

2008 Hurricane Guide

Medical Checklist
Residents and visitors with medical conditions
are especially vulnerable to the threat of
hurricanes and those on medications, or who
require ongoing professional health care, should
make preparations with medical facilities in areas
not affected by tropical storms.

Minimum two-week supply of medicine

(one month is ideal)

First Aid kits for the home and car

Waterproof containers
Medical records
(history, medications, doctors’ names and phone numbers)

Ice, water
(minimum of one gallon of water per person, per day)

Pet medications
* In the event of an evacuation, please take these items
with you since shelters provide no medical attention.

Before hurricane season in the Florida Keys begins,

residents should prepare a hurricane survival kit that
covers the basics and fulfills your medical needs.
Diabetic Patients: preserve insulin with a plan to
provide refrigeration for at least two weeks. (extra ice
and coolers, a refrigerated cooler powered by your car.
Keep insulin away from direct contact with ice by
wrapping it in a towel)
Dialysis Patients: contact medical facilities outside of
hurricane-prone areas.
Oxygen Patients: generator in the event of a power
failure and portable oxygen in case of an evacuation.
Evacuations are always the safest bet for residents
requiring constant medical attention or medication. In
the aftermath of a storm, supply lines and
emergency/medical personal may be disrupted for
prolonged periods of time.

MM 48.7 Marathon, FL 33050



Before hurricane season in the Florida Keys begins, R Blankets or sleeping bags*
residents should prepare a hurricane survival kit that covers R Sunglasses
the basics and fulfills your medical needs.
Diabetic patients should prepare to keep insulin cool Sanitation
with extra ice or a 12volt cooler that can run off of a car’s R Toilet paper, towelettes
battery. Keep insulin away from direct contact with ice by R Soap, liquid detergent
wrapping it in a towel. R Feminine supplies
Dialysis patients should contact medical facilities R Personal hygiene items (toothbrush, toothpaste, hair
outside of hurricane-prone areas in the event of a storm. brush, shaving supplies)
Your current renal dialysis center can help with those R Plastic garbage bags and ties (lots of them)
arrangements. R Disinfectant
R Unscented household chlorine bleach
The Basics
R A watertight, easy-to-carry container to store essential Special need items
R Manual can opener R Remember family members with special needs, such
R Non-perishable foods as infants and elderly or disabled persons
R Ready-to-eat canned meats, fruits, and vegetables, R Infant needs – formula, diapers, bottles*
canned juices, milk, soup Important Family Documents
R (if powered, store extra water) R Keep these documents in a waterproof, portable container
R Staples such as salt, pepper, and sugar R Will, insurance policies, contracts, deeds, stocks and bonds
R High-energy foods like granola bars and trail mix R Passports, social security cards, immunization records
R Vitamins R Bank account numbers
R Instant tea, coffee R Credit card account numbers and companies
R Flashlight – 1 per person* R Important telephone numbers
R First-aid kit R Family records (birth, marriage and death certificates)
R Sunscreen R Proof of occupancy*
R Money
R Battery-operated radio with extra batteries Pet Supplies
R Prescription drugs R Dry and canned food
R ID tags and collars
Tools & Supplies R Proof immunization
R Mess kits, paper cups, plates and plastic utensils R Water
R Emergency Preparedness manual R Litter box
R NOAA weather radio with extra batteries R Carrying container
R Flashlight with extra batteries
R Utility knife * If you are planning to evacuate to a Red Cross Evacuation
R Fire extinguisher: small canister, ABC type Center, please be sure to take these items.
R Matches in a waterproof container
R Sterno Fuel Disaster kit tips:
R Napkins/paper towels
Water: Store water in sanitized bathtubs, washing machines
R Aluminum Foil
R Portable camp stove/fuel and water heaters. At least 1 gal. water, per person, per day
R Entertainment: books, games, etc.* for 7 days.

Clothing & Bedding Cooking: Do not use charcoal or gas grills indoor.
R Include at least one complete change of clothing and
footwear per person* Supplies: Pack your supplies in container you can carry.


2008 Hurricane Guide

Senior Hurricane Specialist James Franklin conducts a coordination conference call regarding
Tropical Storm Noel on October 31, 2007. In attendance, from left to right is (seated) Senior
Hurricane Specialist Dr. Lixion Avila, Hurricane Specialist Jamie Rhome, NHC Science and
Operations Officer Dr. Chris Landsea, Franklin, and NHC Deputy Director Ed Rappaport.
Photo and caption Courtesy the National Hurricane Center.


LOCATED ON THE CAMPUS of Florida International
University, Miami’s National Hurricane Center is the axis
of tropical cyclone predication for the Atlantic Basin and
Eastern Pacific regions. Bringing together the world’s
leading meteorologists, scientists, and hurricane experts, The Weekly recently interviewed Public Affairs
the National Hurricane Center tracks tropical weather Officer Dennis Feltgen of the National Hurricane Center.
events from the moment they’re born. Utilizing a network Touring the government facility, we got a first-hand
of advanced satellite communications, the Center’s look at the center’s hurricane prediction capabilities
specialized team works to analyze and successfully and met the people who dedicate their lives to saving
predict the path of these impending storms. others from the storm.

Advanced Communications Suite consisting of 3 satellite-linked, world-scanning radar rooms*
National Press Room
Video Conferencing Room
CARCAH Operations Center (Chief Aerial Reconnaissance Coordination, All Hurricanes),
processing Air Force Hurricane Hunter Aircraft data
Offices for weather experts and NOAA Government Officials
*Includes National Weather Service Forecast Office, Miami

To save lives, mitigate property loss, and improve economic efficiency by issuing the best
watches, warnings, forecasts, and analyses of hazardous tropical weather, and by increasing
understanding of these hazards.


-Staff of 17
-The first line of defense in severe weather forecasting
National Hurricane Center Tropical Analysis and Forecast Branch (TAFB) meteorologists are
constantly on the job. Scanning the globe, these advanced weather experts look at every atmospheric
ripple from the coast of Africa to the Islands of the South Pacific. Conducting sea state analyses, wind-
wave forecasts, wave period forecasts, and other predictions, they’re tasked with constantly updating
the National Weather Service. One of the most important forecasts TAFB puts out is called the Tropical
Weather Discussion, completed every 6 hours.

-Staff of 9
-Hold a minimum master’s degree in meteorology (however, many are Ph.D professors and/
or government science experts)
-The final word in hurricane prediction
Using computer models and the latest scientific research, Hurricane Experts formulate the
infamous cone of impact for tropical cyclones, brief high level government agencies, and prepare
advanced storm forecasting tools for coastal regions. Working 24 hours a day from May 15 to
November 30, these highly trained experts are available at a moment’s notice.

-Facilitates and supports the National Hurricane Center Mission
Including scientists, webmasters, I/T professionals, clerical staff, security, and other valuable
workers, if it wasn’t for these government employees, The National Hurricane Center would be
little more than a science lab with an impressive name.

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Jon Rizzo, Warning Coordination Meteorologist
(Key West) busts the myths associated with storm
surge in the Florida Keys.


Storm surge is the highest only Storm surge does not occur The reef provides protection Storm surge and storm tide
during high winds and weather. on the Gulf side of the Keys. from storm surge. are the same thing.


Many times, the surge can In the Keys, storm surge While the reef does keep large Storm surge is the rise in
occur after the highest winds passing through the Florida swells and breaking waves water due to the winds of the
and storm have passed. During Straights can cause a greater from reaching the shore, it hurricane blowing towards
Hurricane Rita(2005), the surge on the Atlantic, whereas does not inhibit the rise of shore. Storm tide is the actual
high tide was after the storm a storm passing north can water due to storm surge. level of the water including
made its closest approach cause bayside flooding. A the astronomical tide, so it
– four hours after the storm storm crossing directly over is the actual expected water
passed Key West. Hurricane the Keys can produce a surge level above sea level.
Wilma(2005) actually outran on either side at different
its surge. Just because the times.
weather is not bad, does not
mean the surge is not coming.
The astronomical tide may
cause the water to rise.

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2008 Hurricane Guide


To better communicate with the public, forecasters worldwide

use short, distinctive names to describe tropical storms and

2008 Atlantic Basin Tropical Cyclone Names

Arthur Hanna Omar


Bertha Ike Paloma

Cristobal Josephine Rene
Dolly Kyle Sally
Edouard Laura Teddy
Fay Marco Vicky
Gustav Nana Wilfred

According to the National Hurricane Center, the practice of naming
storms is especially important when exchanging detailed weather
information between hundreds of widely scattered weather stations,
coastal bases, and ships at sea.
Updated each year by the World Meteorological Organization, six
rotating name lists give rise to these official storm names. Separate lists

are used for separate world regions. The lists contain 21 names and are
cycled each year. For example, the 2008 Atlantic Basin list will be used
again in 2014.
In the event that more than 21 named tropical cyclones occur, each
additional storm will take names from the Greek alphabet: Alpha, Beta,
Gamma, Delta, and so on. If a storm forms in the off-season, it will take
the next name in the list based on the current calendar date.


When tracking a tropical storm, please be mindful that a
   hurricane’s intensity could erupt in just hours!

 t Labor Day (1935) t)VSSJDBOF3JUB 

Category 1 to 5 in 24 hours Tropical Storm to Category 5

in 33 hours

Category 2 to 4 in 6 hours t)VSSJDBOF8JMNB 

Tropical Storm to Category 5

in 21 hours
Category 1 to 4 in 18 hours


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OUTDOOR PATIO TRY OUR FAMOUS When potentially devastating hurricanes churn through
“PIG’S BREAKFAST” the Atlantic, Public Affairs Officer Dennis Feltgen goes to
work behind the scenes. The unsung hero of NHC forecasting,
HOME FRIES & TOAST Feltgen utilizes his background in reporting and TV weather
forecasting to deliver important hurricane information to
the public.
3520 OVERSEAS HWY • MM49 Connecting weather experts with government agencies,
(305) 743-4059 • WWW.THESTUFFEDPIG.COM coordinating press events, and scheduling the release of
critical storm information, Feltgen’s work is vital to the
mission of the National Hurricane Center. When major

hurricanes hit, he works round the clock to keep members
of the media in the loop. Organizing TV, print, and online
news sources, Feltgen literally camps out in the National
ACCESSORIES Hurricane Center’s Conference Room. Because he facilitates
Hurricane Center Director Bill Read, Feltgen’s duties also
& Car Audio include contacting and scheduling meetings with important
You protect your family, let us protect your cargo government officials—like the President of the United
$VTUPN$BS"VEJP*OTUBMMBUJPOt4BMFTt4FSWJDF A 1974 graduate of Florida State University, Dennis
Feltgen earned his Bachelor’s Degree in Meteorology. He
then built a 28 year career as a major market television
meteorologist and reporter at stations in Atlanta, West
Palm Beach, Minneapolis, Tampa, and Charlotte. In 1975,
Feltgen was awarded the American Meteorological Society
Trailer Accessories and MORE, We install what we Sell! Seal of Approval for Television Weathercasting. Pioneering
the use of Doppler radar, Feltgen was also one of the very
Custom colored, spray on bed liners first reporters to broadcast live during a hurricane using
=Truck Racks =Jason Truck Caps =Bed Liners satellite technology. His daily reporting assignments earned
=Hitches =Running Boards =Bug Shields the award for best environmental reporting in 1995. He
=Diesel Transfer Tanks =Tool Boxes =Sun Visors was nominated for a regional Emmy award in 2001 as Best
=Jason Toppers =Lift Kits =Wheels
Always ready to provide answers to concerned citizens,
 he says, “I make it a point of answering every single piece
of email or phone call I get.”
07&34&"4)8:t."3"5)0/ '- To contact the National Hurricane Center in Miami and
(across from the airport)
.PO4BUt4Ï)BCMB&TQB×PM Public Affairs Officer Dennis Feltgen, call (305) 229-4470,
or email
2008 Hurricane Guide

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emergency management process. We must continue to develop a

culture of preparedness in America in which every American takes
personal responsibility for his or her own emergency preparedness.”
Paulison spoke during an event at FEMA’s national headquarters


that featured demonstrations of reforms and improvements being
implemented for this year’s hurricane season. The event highlighted
FEMA’s new equipment, on-line resources and new programs.
FOR HURRICANE SEASON Paulison and other FEMA officials highlighted recent reforms at FEMA.
This year, FEMA has teams standing by to be on the ground within
Senior Officials Stress Individual Preparedness - Demonstrate hours of a storm or other disaster striking. FEMA has worked with
Improvements vulnerable states to identify where they will most need support - one
WASHINGTON, D.C. -- Administrator David Paulison of the Federal size does not fit all and any response will be tailored to individual state
Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) spoke at a Hurricane needs. FEMA has improved its logistics to better get the supplies and
Awareness Day event on the federal government’s preparations for the resources to a disaster site more quickly than in the past. Earlier this
2008 Hurricane Season. He was joined by Department of Homeland year, FEMA released the new National Response Framework that will
Security (DHS) Secretary Michael Chertoff and other senior leaders help coordinate activities at every level of government, as well as with
from government and the private sector - all of whom spoke on the the private sector.
joint activities being planned this year and their efforts to improve FEMA has improved its ability to deliver assistance. FEMA is focused
coordination when helping communities to prepare for, respond to and on providing assistance in an easily accessible and coordinated manner
recover from hurricanes. through simple and effective delivery mechanisms. FEMA expanded its
FEMA Administrator Paulison stressed that individuals also must capability to register those in need of aid and to have mobile registration
prepare themselves for a Hurricane. “Americans in hurricane-prone centers that can be on hand to help those without access to phones or
states must get serious and be prepared,” said Paulison. “Government computers. FEMA continues to work with federal, state, and voluntary
- even with the federal, tribal, state and local governments working partners to build a robust system for evacuation, sheltering and housing,
perfectly in sync - is not the entire answer. Everyone is part of the including our collaboration with the American Red Cross to implement
the National Shelter System. FEMA established a National Emergency
Family Registry and Locator System and a National Emergency Child
THE PORTER-ALLEN COMPANY Locator Center to help those displaced find their loved ones. FEMA
instituted a new policy to help those with pets.
Since 1891

Experts at the event also demonstrated equipment used by the
National Guard, DHS and a rescue boat used by the U.S. Coast Guard.
Other participants in emergency management explained new and
Now is the Time to Check your Wind improved capabilities that will be used this year by government agencies
such as the U.S. Small Business Administration and the Virginia-based
& Flood Insurance Coverage Urban Search & Rescue Task Force, as well as volunteer organizations
Elizabeth M. Freeman • David W. Freeman, C.P.C.U. such as the American Red Cross and the Humane Society.

294-2542 FEMA coordinates the federal government’s role in preparing for,

preventing, mitigating the effects of, responding to and recovering from
all domestic disasters, whether natural or man-made, including acts of

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2008 Hurricane Guide

a mariner’s guide
busy helping others, but they must
also begin preparing their own
but provide enough slack so your
boat can rise with the higher tides.
evacuation and hurricane plans. Cover all lines with chafe protectors,
&WBDVBUJPOT or double neoprene garden hose,
If you know a hurricane is
If you must move your boat, first at points where the line is likely to
approaching, prepare for the worst.
inspect the trailer to make sure it is wear an put out extra fenders and
in proper working condition. Check fenderboards.
tires (including a spare), wheel 0QUJPO Anchor your vessel in a
bearings, tow hitch and lights. If protected harbor where the bottom
If this is impossible, keep in mind
you can, put you boat and trailer in a can allow a good anchor hold. An
that the right front quadrant of a
garage or under a carport. Secure the advantage to anchoring is that the
hurricane usually, but not always, One of the many possible
boat to strong trees or a “deadman” boat can more easily respond to
produces the most violent weather. arrangements that can be used to
anchor. Strip off anything that could wind and water changes without
If you boat is easily trailerable, secure a boat in a hurricane hole.
be torn loose during high winds. striking docks or other boats. Heavy
evacuate from the Keys AS EARLY
Increase the weight of your and extra anchors are needed for
AS POSSIBLE. Monroe County has a
trailered outboard by filling the this option and enough line should
phased evacuation that allows for
hull with water. Insert wood blocks be on hand to allow a scope of at
early departure of boaters, tourists,
between the trailer frame and the least 10:1 for each anchor.
and those in mobile homes. Please
springs for extra support with the  0QUJPO  Hurricane holes are
remember that if you wait too long
added weight. ideal locations to moor your boat
to evacuate, you won’t be allowed
4FDVSJOHZPVSWFTTFMJOUIFXBUFS during a hurricane. These are deep,
to take you boat on the road. If you
Never stay with your boat! Once narrow covers or inlets surrounded
place on taking your boat away by
your boat is secured you must by a number of sturdy trees which
water, please remember that the
seek shelter on land immediately. which block the wind and provide
Keys’ drawbridges will be locked
Please remember: Monroe County a tie-off for anchor lines. The best
down once mandatory evacuation Using three anchors set 120°
Hurricane Shelters are closed for the location for a hurricane hole is one
begins. apart allow the boat to swing
most severe hurricanes and you will far enough inland to avoid the most
Marathon is also home to many and face the wind. This is an
be forced to evacuate. severe winds and tides, yet close
boat storage facilities and yards that especially good technique in
0QUJPO Berth at a dock that has enough to reach under short notice.
may remove your boat from the crowded harbors because the
sturdy piling and offer reasonable Safety-conscious cruisers may want
water, but please plan several days boat will not swing as wide an arc
shelter from open water and storm to scout out a satisfactory hurricane
ahead. During these emergencies, as a boat riding only two anchors.
surge. Double up all mooring lines hole ahead of time.
yards and marinas are not only

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State of Florida Emergency Management Act Florida Statue 252.355
– Registration of Disabled Citizens; notice
1) In order to meet the special needs of persons who would need
assistance during evacuations and sheltering because of physical and
mental handicaps, each local emergency management agency in the
state shall maintain a registry of disabled persons located within the
jurisdiction of the local agency. The registration shall identify those
persons in need of assistance and plan for resource allocation to meet
those identified needs.

Evacuation and sheltering information

Monroe County Social Services offers evacuation transportation to couple days supply of food that will not spoil. It may be several hours
elderly and disabled citizens in the event of an emergency or disaster. before shelters are fully supplied.
You must register with Social Services for this service. If you have registered with Social Services and requested transportation
You should seek help or shelter from friends, neighbors, or family in assistance, you will be contacted by phone in advance of evacuation.
a hurricane or other disaster. Public shelters should be a last resort for When we call, you will need to decide to evacuate, we will not be able to
those who have no other choice. If you have to go to a public shelter, call you back. If you decide to evacuate, we will give you an approximate
try to ride with friends, neighbors, or family if you cannot drive yourself. time we expect to pick you up. You must have your belongings and
If Social Services transports you in a category three, four, or five storm, supplies packed and ready to go.
we will pick you up at your home, and take you to a “staging area” where
you will get on a school bus to ride to Miami. In a category one or two To register for this important service, contact:
storm, you will be taken directly to a local shelter. Anna M Haskins, Special Needs Coordinator
Please remember that space and supplies are limited at public shelters. Monroe County Transportation program
Very few comforts will be available. The only bedding available may 1100 Simonton Street, RM 1-180
be blankets and sheets. If you need special foods, you should bring a Key West, Fl 33040

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2008 Hurricane Guide


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The importance of clear, “Living in the most hurricane
accurate, and accessible prone county in America, it’s
communications during imperative that people get first-
times of hurricane evacuation, hand information accurately AEN on the Internet – a website available free to the public
disaster mitigation, and re-entry and time—this will be a big
is critical. To better meet this step towards that direction,” said containing video feeds and bulletins issued by emergency
important requirement, a new, Wagner. management offices and other government agencies. Visit
advanced communications Consisting of local TV,
network, called America’s cable, and FM stations as well,
AEN-TV – a dedicated local TV channel carrying the most
“Living in the most hurricane prone county in important new conferences and other feeds from emergency
America, it’s imperative that people get first-hand management offices and government agencies. Some
feeds will be carried live, while others will be prioritized
information accurately and time—this will be a big and run on a schedule posted on the channel.
step towards that direction.”
- Chief William Wagner III, Islamorada Fire Rescue AlertFM (powered by GSSNet)– a comprehensive alerting
system using part of local FM stations’ signals (subcarriers)
Emergency Network (AEN) was America’s Emergency Network that can send messages instantly to an entire community or
introduced in 2007. Created by is specifically designed for
past National Hurricane Center small, local governments like to specific neighborhoods or individuals using proprietary
Director Max Mayfield and Islamorada. Not just limited technology. In addition, the alerts can be sent to specific
Miami CBS Hurricane Analyst to internet users either, AEN

Bryan Norcross, the internet- also features the capability to
based network will enter its final broadcast over major TV and FM
testing phase in the Village of networks. Based on a satellite
Islamorada in 2008. system, the network is designed
According to Islamorada to function even when land-
Fire Chief William Wagner III, based phone lines, cable, and
residents of Islamorada will be mobile services are knocked
the first in the Keys to access out.
real-time emergency news
“fresh, right off the website and
When fully developed, its
designers expect the AEN/
Construction, Inc.
from the horse’s mouth.” AlertFM system to be a Residential • Commercial • Marine
By simply visiting to www. partnership between local, citizens of state, and national emergency Licensed & Insured
Islamorada will be able to select agencies throughout the United
the Village from an online list States. All government agencies Home Inspection,
of cities and immediately gain will have access to the secure
access to specifically updated AEN system. Remodeling,
emergency information, press
releases, video, and local news.
For right now, however,
Islamorada and a few other
New Construction And Marine
Impressed by the new municipalities are the only Drywall Repair,
system, Chief Wagner hopes governments currently testing
AEN will enable Islamorada’s the innovative service. If AEN Windows, Doors,
Emergency Management Staff succeeds in these places,
to broadcast vital emergency expect it to spread far and wide,
Siding, Painting And Stucco
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Lic#CB-C045578 David L Mapes-President

2008 Hurricane Guide

What to do with our furry & feathered

friends when a Hurricane threatens
Frightened animals quickly slip out open doors, comforting refuge if the animal is required from you. Remain calm, and speak to
broken windows or other damaged areas of to live in it for a few days or even weeks after them regularly in calm, reassuring voice.
your home opened by a storm. Released pets the hurricane.
are likely to die from exposure, starvation, Before hurricane season begins on June Exotic Pets
predators, contaminated food and water, or 1 of each year, make sure all your pets If you have exotic pets, contact local pets
on the road where they can endanger others. have current immunization and take these stores or zoological gardens in a safe area for
Even normally friendly animals of different records with you if you must evacuate. assistance in sheltering your pet. Again, be
species should not be allowed together Photograph each of your pets prior to June prepared to supply appropriate housing for the
unattended since the stress of a hurricane may 1 every year and include these pictures with pet (not glass) and other supplies necessary to
cause distinct behavior changes. your immunization and allergy records. sustain the pet for at least 2 weeks.
Your pet survival kit should include ample
New for 2008: All Monroe County Shelters food(at least 2 weeks supply); water/food If you must leave your pets at home
Now Accept Pets bowls; medications; specific cage instructions; Your pets will be most comfortable and
All Monroe County Shelters are now newspapers and plastic trash bags for handling secure in a safe area of your home until the
accepting residents who wish to evacuate with waste; brushes, combs and other hygiene hurricane has passed. If they are not secured
their pets. Pet owning evacuees must provide items; toys and other comfort items; muzzles during the storm and your house is damaged,
the appropriate cages or crates for animals, and if necessary. A manual opener is a necessity. your pets may escape and become disoriented,
ample food, water, and bedding materials. Due All belongings should be marked with since normal landmarks and scent trails could
to Health Department regulations, evacuated identification. If you are not evacuating your pet be obliterated. If your pets become lost, proper
animals will be housed in separate pet shelter to a commercial facility, you should also include ID will insure their return to you.
facilities. Residents are encouraged to plan for first aid supplies for your pet in a survival kit. Place your pet food and medications in water-
regular feeding and animal care sessions. Take first aid and CPR courses and keep tight containers in cool, dry, dark place. Store
In the unfortunate case of high winds manuals handy. The same basic principles adequate water for your pets. If you plan to
and unsafe storm conditions, Emergency apply to animals. Ask your vet for an emergency bring plants into your home before a hurricane,
Management will instruct residents to remain care pamphlet for animals. be careful not to allow pet’s access to them
in shelters while properly trained staff attends If you plan to shelter your pets at a kennel since many ornamental plants are poisonous.
to the animals. or clinic, call before evacuating to determine if
space is available. Allow sufficient time to travel After the storm
Evacuating with your pets from the kennel to you evacuation location after Walk your pet on a leash until they become
All animals should have secure carriers (or making certain that your animals are secure. reoriented to their home. Do not allow pets
collapsing cages for large dogs) as well as The facility you choose should be operated to consume food or water that may have
collars, leashes and rabies tags. Carriers should by knowledgeable and capable staff and the become contaminated. When you know you
be large enough for the animals to stand location should be high, dry and of sturdy have done everything you can do to protect all
comfortably and turn around. Train your pets construction including hurricane shutters. members of the family, disaster preparedness
to become familiar with their carriers ahead Throughout the evaluation and the will give you peace of mind.
of time because the carrier will be secure and storm, your pet will need reassurance


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FLOODING: get the facts, stay prepared

To due the low-lying elevation of the Florida Keys, Monroe County residents need to be
aware of potential flooding that may occur during a tropical storm.




a federally subsidized program that enables property owners to purchase Flood
insurance in return for community adoption of specific flood damage reduction
planning and building criteria.

the following services: information about flood hazards, map determinations, base
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2008 Hurricane Guide

In the Event Of A
Don’t Get Caught
If you are eligible for housing assistance from FEMA, but are unable
Without Water!
to find a rental house or apartment within a reasonable commuting
distance of your damage home, please contact FEMA at 1-800-621-FEMA HELPFUL HINTS FOR WATER USERS:
(3362) or visit a nearby Disaster Recovery Center. FEMA will evaluate your
situation and, if appropriate, may authorize a travel trailer or mobile home < Store at least 1 gallon of water per
you may be able to use it for up to 18 months from date of declaration person/per day for 3-7 days in steril-
if you continue to have disaster related housing need. ized sealable containers for drinking
Post-Hurricane building requirements for temporary travel trailers
1) Complete building application along with property record card prior to
< Fill bathtub with water for household
installation of trailer.
cleaning and other non-drinking pur-
2) Pictures of damage structure.
3) Approval from department of Health if connected to Septic System. poses
4) If utilities are not being connected by home owner a licensed contractor
must be listed on permit. < Turn off main water supply to vacant
5) A repair or demo permit for structures on property must be applied for buildings to avoid water loss in the
at this time. event of water line damage during the
6) Site plan must be submitted along with application indicating setbacks. storm

Post-hurricane travel trailer fact sheet < Report water/sewer line breaks or
Travel trailers are only to be in place for 180 days. These permits are any other unusual conditions to the
no-fee building permits. Travel trailer is limited to eight (8) feet in width FKAA area office. Water main breaks
and thirty-two (32) feet, if lacking self-propulsion, and (8) feet in width
are often distinguished by the following:
and forty-two (42) feet in length, if self-propelled. Permits for travel
- Extremely Low Pressure
trailers will only be issued under these conditions if Monroe County is
under an Emergency Directive. - Discoloration of water
- Water bubbling up in the street or yard
Trailer safety and formaldehyde Levels
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) conducted a </.*4/22"%*/34"4*/.3'/2&-&2(&.$9
preliminary evaluation of a scientifically established random sample broadcasts
of 519 FEMA travel trailers and mobile homes tested between Dec.
21, 2007 and Jan. 23, 2008. The evaluation showed average levels of <)&$+4)&15&%5$47&#3*4&"4
formaldehyde in all units of about 77 parts per billion (ppb). Long-term for updates
exposure to levels in this range can be linked to an increased risk of
cancer, and as levels rise above this range, there can also be a risk of <",,4)& )/522&$/2%&%)/4,*.&'/2
respiratory illness. This is higher than expected in indoor air, where levels "%%*4*/.",*.'/2-"4*/."4
are commonly in the range of 10-20 ppb.

What do the test results mean?

CDC recommends that FEMA continue to work to relocate families that
have members who fall into recognized higher risk categories should
be relocated sooner. These include children, elderly persons, persons ' Key West: (305) 296-2454
with chronic health conditions such as asthma or bronchitis, persons
exhibiting symptoms (such as difficulty breathing, chronic coughing, ' Marathon: (305) 289-6161
chronic runny nose), and women who are pregnant. ' Tavernier: (305) 853-1999


During the re-entry process, residents must consider whether or not honored at the re-entry point in Florida City. A re-entry decal is meant
emergency personnel, supplies and equipment are established, whether to speed up the re-entry process, but is not mandatory to re-enter the
rescue crews have had enough time to assist any trapped or injured Keys. If a person does not have a decal, he or she may also present a
people in the hurricane affected area and, most importantly, whether driver’s license with a Keys address, or some other proof of residency or
emergency management has declared the area safe for residents to proof of home or property ownership.
re-enter the Keys. The hurricane re-entry stickers are orange in color for the lower keys
In 1998, after Hurricane Georges passed the Keys, county telephone residents (from Key West to the South end of the Seven Mile Bridge),
lines were overloaded with residents’ concerns. To address the influx blue for middle keys residents (from the north end of the Seven Mile
of calls, additional phone lines have been diverted to Monroe County Bridge to the south end of the Long Key Bridge) and yellow to the
Rumor Control. When calling the Rumor Control number during or after upper keys (from the north end of the Long Key Bridge to the county
a storm, however, residents need to be patient. The phones are staffed line, including Ocean Reef.
by volunteers who do the best they can to take calls quickly and give In the event a storm devastates a particular area of the Keys, as
out up-to-date information to the best of their ability. Monroe County happened during Georges, the color coded re-entry stickers will allow
Rumor Control: 1-800-955-5504 law enforcement to separate those who are traveling to relatively safe
The Sate Office of Emergency Management also has their Florida areas from those who are returning to the more badly damaged areas of
Emergency information line, which is activated in the event of an the county. Depending on the circumstances, the people returning to
emergency and which will have up-to-date information available relatively intact areas may allowed to re-enter sooner than the others.
about Monroe County if a hurricane hits. State Office, Emergency
Management: 1-800-342-3557
The Sheriff’ Office highly recommends that everyone who does RETURNING TO THE KEYS
evacuate stay put in the aftermath of the storm until an announcement Once an announcement is made that it is safe to return, everyone should
is made that they may return. Many people who attempted to return proceed south on the Florida Turnpike to Exit One in Florida City. Once
to the county directly following Hurricane Georges in 1998 ended up off the turnpike, at the exit point, law enforcement officers will check for
stuck in long line traffic in Florida City, with nowhere to go nothing to hurricane Re-entry decals and direct people to the designated staging area
do for along period of time. for their particular decal. Decals are issued depending on where a person
lives in the keys. There are separate stickers for the upper, middle and lower
keys and for the city of Key West. Those people who do not have a decal be
pulled to the side and identification and proof of residency will be checked.
A decal will then be issued to those who do not have them, and they also
will be directed to the appropriate staging areas. No one will be allowed
to enter the keys until they have been checked and cleared for entry.
Once a particular area of the keys is cleared for re-entry, those people
in the designated staging area for that location will be escorted into the
Hurricane re-entry decals, color-coded for different areas of the keys, county and allowed to return home.
are currently available at all Sheriff’s Office substations and the Sheriff’s It is important that people not try to re-enter the county before it is
Office Headquarters building on Stock Island. They are also available determined to be safe. Everyone trying to enter prior to that time will be
from all tag offices in the Keys, Key West City Hall, Islamorada Sheriff’s stopped and turned back. Remember, there aren’t many facilities available
Substation located at Founders Park, and the Ocean Reef Public Safety at the designated staging areas, and they will not be comfortable areas
Communications Center. The decals will be used to identify Monroe to stay in for very long.
County residents at the re-entry point in Florida City after a storm has Monroe County Emergency Information Hotline:
passed. The city of Key West is issuing its own decal, which will also be 1-800-955-5504


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