asthma, disease, condition, immune system, case, risk factors, breathe, symptoms, tightness, wheezing, pressure, infection, treatment
, signs, features, sensitivity, inflammation, obstruction, exposure, allergens, breath Article 1: Overview of Asthma Asthma is a disease of the lungs that is that is characterized by tightening of the air pathways. Common symptoms of asthma are wheezing, shortness of breath, coughing, chest pain, tightness or pressure. Many of these conditions are reversible with medication but not 100% reversible in all patients. Some common features of asthma are inflammation, airway obstruction and airway sensitivity. Some risk factors for asthma are a family history of asthma, regular lung infections, presence of allergies, exposure to tobacco smoke, low birth weight, and being male. The current rise in asthma cases among children is alarming. Asthma may occur at any age but is very common in children. Approximately 10% of children have asthma and that rate may rise in the future. Experts don't agree why the rate is increasing but here are some ideas: Children are being exposed to more triggers (things that bring on asthma attacks; dust, tobacco smoke, pollution) Children don't have strong immune systems (they aren't exposed to many childhood diseases.) Decreases in the rates of breast feeding may also play a role.
Asthma is a disease that causes many problems for the patient. However, it can be controlled. With the right information and medical attention medical professionals can prevent many deaths. Article 2: Information for the Patient Asthma is a disease of the lungs that causes wheezing, coughing, chest tightness and difficulty breathing. It can be very scary for the patient. Luckily, asthma and its effects are reversible with medication. There are a few options for asthma treatment: Breathing machines (or nebulizers) are machines that turn liquid medication into mist. A mask is used and treatment takes about 10-15 minutes and is given several times per day. Inhalers are common for older patients and medication is breathed in using a spacer. Syrups and other oral medications are available, but aren't useful for asthma attacks because their effects take time.
Asthma attacks are the periods when symptoms suddenly become worse. Some common triggers for these attacks are exercise, infections, dust, tobacco smoke, allergens, cold air and nervousness. Limiting exposure to these triggers may help improve quality of life. When an asthma attack occurs, take your medication according to your asthma action plan, wait 10 to 15 minutes if symptoms worsen or don't improve immediate medical attention may be necessary. Some danger signs are severe wheezing or coughing, trouble walking, and blue lips or fingernails. If any of these danger signs occur go to the emergency room or call 911. Asthma is a lifelong disease. Some people have fewer attacks as they grow older, but most patients see a return of symptoms in their 30s and 40s. The effects of asthma attacks on the lungs can cause serious problems later in life. Proper management of asthma is very important.
Children have strong immune systems. C. A. B. Breast feeding has increased. B. B. C. C. B. B.What are some common symptoms associated with asthma? A. D. D. D. D. ? ? ? Children are being exposed to more triggers. A. ? ? ? ? shortness of breath coughing chest pain all of the above
What age does asthma present at? A. ? ? ? ? a part a disease a risk factor a symptom
Family history of asthma. there has been an increase in asthma cases among ________. B. C. ? ? ? ? 20% 1% 10% 15%
What is one idea why the asthma rate is increasing in children? A. A. C. D. and exposure to tabacco smake are all ___________ of asthma A. B. D. B. ? ? ? ? reversible stronger avoidable sensitivity
What percent of children have asthma? A. C. C. C. ? ? ? ? risk factors triggers diseases exposures
Recently. D. ? ? ? ? young adults IV drug users the elderly children
Many of the symptoms of asthma are 100% ________ with medication in some patients. regular lung infestions. ? ? ? ? any age childhood 30s 10-12 years
Asthma is ___________ of the lungs.
D. and being male. coughing. airway obstruction and airway
Asthma is a disease that causes many for the patient. B. regular lung infections. exposure to tobacco smoke. E. C.
. ? ? ? ? diseases triggers features risk factors
Asthma is a disease that causes _________ . presence of allergies. pollution) (things that bring on asthma attacks. Experts don’t agree why the rate is increasing but here are some ideas: . dust. Some common of asthma are inflammation. Asthma may occur at age but is very common in children.Children don’t have strong (they aren’t exposed to many childhood diseases. D. A. B. C. Approximately 10% of children have asthma and that rate may rise in the future. Some for asthma are a family history of asthma.) . With the right information and medical attention. ? ? ? ? severe headaches tightening of air pathways relaxation of the lungs medication
Common symptoms of asthma are wheezing.
More children are smoking.
Airway obstruction and airway sensitivity are common ________ of asthma. However.Decreases in the rates of breast feeding may also play a role. tobacco
.D. tightness or pressure. shortness of . medical professionals can prevent many deaths. low birth weight. chest pain.Children are being exposed to more smoke. is a disease of the that is that is characterized by tightening of the air pathways. A. it can be controlled. Many of these conditions are reversible with medication but not 100% reversible in all patients.
The current rise in asthma cases among is alarming.
fatigue. blurred vision and dehydration complications. Cells use sugar as energy for all of their functions. Because of the high risks associated with hyperglycemia and the difficulties associated with therapy. Type 1 diabetes can present at any age but usually presents before the age of 20 and the symptoms are subtle.Article 1: Overview of Type 1 Diabetes Type 1 Diabetes is an autoimmune disease. especially sugar.
. Diagnosis is usually made by detection of abnormalities in blood glucose levels and by glucose or ketone bodies in the urine. Dehydration associated with hyperglycemia (high blood sugar) causes increased thirst and dry mouth. counseling and follow-up. High blood sugar can cause dehydration. In the body. urinary tract. and after the immune system damages enough beta cells. and vaginal infections. it is suggested patients visit a diabetes counselor for regular monitoring. Some of the more common symptoms are frequent urination.) This trigger causes the immune system to attack beta cells in the pancreas. which means the body's immune system is attacking itself. the body cannot produce sufficient insulin supplies. When the body destroys the beta cells nutrients. It is an autoimmune disease. By attacking the insulin-producing cells.
Article 2: Type 1 Diabetes Information for the Patient Type 1 diabetes is a disease that destroys the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. The cells of the body starve and the blood sugar level rises. are not transported into the cells. as well as increased skin. insulin helps move sugar and other nutrients from the bloodstream into the cells of the body. unexplainable weight loss. fill in the blanks
Read Article 2 and then answer the questions. Beta cells produce insulin. these cells are damaged and cannot produce enough insulin to supply the body. hunger after meals. Filtering of glucose by the kidneys results in large amounts of water loss causing dehydration. Tests for Article 1: multiple choice questions. It is thought to be caused by an environmental trigger (possibly a virus or toxin but doctors aren't sure.
meal planning. infection.
. and amputation Quality of life can be maintained by keeping blood sugar levels in target ranges. eyes and heart.) Careful monitoring of blood sugar levels.which could lead to kidney failure and heart disease . is important. both fasting and after meals.a disease that affects the eyes and vision . There are diabetes counselors who can help patients take control of their disease.weight loss. patients are in danger of developing several serious diseases and complications.possibly leading to nerve damage.kidney damage . Management requires exercise. and insulin therapy (insulin injections. . When blood sugar is not controlled. and irreversible damage to small blood vessels in the kidney.circulatory problems . These services are often covered by most insurance plans and can be a great benefit to patients.retinopathy .
The three most notable are retinopathy. Many life-threatening problems can occur with uncontrolled blood glucose levels. risk of ulcers.
. As this neuropathy continues. affecting 90% or greater of the people with diabetes. infection and can lead to amputation. and people with metabolic syndrome (problems with hypertension and cholesterol issues. Quick diagnosis and immediate strict control of blood glucose levels is crucial. kidney damage. This causes loss of sensation. Circulatory problems and nerve damage are cause by a hardening of the arteries.) The origin is still unknown but it is probably a combination of factors. people with a family history of type 2 diabetes. and circulatory problems. Glucose builds up in the blood stream (hyperglycemia. Kidney damage is cause by destruction of the small vessels in the nephrons allowing protein to flow into the urine.Article 1: Overview of Type 2 Diabetes Type 2 diabetes is the most common of the two forms of diabetes. The effects of type 2 diabetes on the body are often irreversible and compounding. These blood vessels begin to leak fluid into the retina which leads to blurred vision. the function of the kidney declines and leads to kidney failure and end-stage kidney disease.) and the cells of the body are unable to function properly. the pancreas produces insulin but the cells of the body become resistant or the amount of insulin produced is not enough. Retinopathy is caused by damage to the small blood vessels of the retina. Tests for Article 1: multiple choice questions. Type 2 diabetes can affect anyone at any age but is more common in overweight populations. In type 2 diabetes. fill in the blanks
Read Article 2 and then answer the questions. the elderly.
Insulin moves nutrients into the cells of the body. weight loss and diet management can be very effective means of managing type 2 diabetes initially. Some common symptoms of uncontrolled blood sugar are frequent urination. Constant monitoring of blood sugar levels several times per day is very important. If oral therapy fails. When insulin resistance occurs. but aggressive therapy and control can greatly improve quality of life and lengthen life expectancy. Obesity (the condition of being overweight) is a major factor in causing type 2 diabetes. The damages and problems in the body caused by diabetes can often go unnoticed until they are serious. Combination therapy may also be required. dry mouth. exercise and weight loss can make dramatic changes for the better. This uses insulin injections. increased thirst. There are medications that help increase insulin production and medications that increase the cells' sensitivity to insulin. insulin replacement therapy may be necessary. and numbness in the hands and feet. Proper management of blood sugar levels isn't easy. among others. vision problems.Type 2 Diabetes: Information for the Patient Type 2 diabetes is caused by a lack of insulin or the body doesn't recognize the insulin. heart disease and even amputation. This can be done with blood sugar monitors. Uncontrolled blood sugar can lead to kidney failure.
. In type 2 diabetes. Exercise. the cells of the body starve and many problems occur. The initial damage to the body can go unnoticed but the damage is severe. Treatment of type 2 diabetes is usually managed with oral medication. called insulin-resistance. fatigue.