asthma, disease, condition, immune system, case, risk factors, breathe, symptoms, tightness, wheezing, pressure, infection, treatment

, signs, features, sensitivity, inflammation, obstruction, exposure, allergens, breath Article 1: Overview of Asthma Asthma is a disease of the lungs that is that is characterized by tightening of the air pathways. Common symptoms of asthma are wheezing, shortness of breath, coughing, chest pain, tightness or pressure. Many of these conditions are reversible with medication but not 100% reversible in all patients. Some common features of asthma are inflammation, airway obstruction and airway sensitivity. Some risk factors for asthma are a family history of asthma, regular lung infections, presence of allergies, exposure to tobacco smoke, low birth weight, and being male. The current rise in asthma cases among children is alarming. Asthma may occur at any age but is very common in children. Approximately 10% of children have asthma and that rate may rise in the future. Experts don't agree why the rate is increasing but here are some ideas: Children are being exposed to more triggers (things that bring on asthma attacks; dust, tobacco smoke, pollution) Children don't have strong immune systems (they aren't exposed to many childhood diseases.) Decreases in the rates of breast feeding may also play a role.

Asthma is a disease that causes many problems for the patient. However, it can be controlled. With the right information and medical attention medical professionals can prevent many deaths. Article 2: Information for the Patient Asthma is a disease of the lungs that causes wheezing, coughing, chest tightness and difficulty breathing. It can be very scary for the patient. Luckily, asthma and its effects are reversible with medication. There are a few options for asthma treatment: Breathing machines (or nebulizers) are machines that turn liquid medication into mist. A mask is used and treatment takes about 10-15 minutes and is given several times per day. Inhalers are common for older patients and medication is breathed in using a spacer. Syrups and other oral medications are available, but aren't useful for asthma attacks because their effects take time.

Asthma attacks are the periods when symptoms suddenly become worse. Some common triggers for these attacks are exercise, infections, dust, tobacco smoke, allergens, cold air and nervousness. Limiting exposure to these triggers may help improve quality of life. When an asthma attack occurs, take your medication according to your asthma action plan, wait 10 to 15 minutes if symptoms worsen or don't improve immediate medical attention may be necessary. Some danger signs are severe wheezing or coughing, trouble walking, and blue lips or fingernails. If any of these danger signs occur go to the emergency room or call 911. Asthma is a lifelong disease. Some people have fewer attacks as they grow older, but most patients see a return of symptoms in their 30s and 40s. The effects of asthma attacks on the lungs can cause serious problems later in life. Proper management of asthma is very important.

C. D. Children have strong immune systems.What are some common symptoms associated with asthma? A. D. A. ? ? ? ? shortness of breath coughing chest pain all of the above What age does asthma present at? A. B. C. C. D. ? ? ? ? reversible stronger avoidable sensitivity What percent of children have asthma? A. Breast feeding has increased. A. ? ? ? ? any age childhood 30s 10-12 years Asthma is ___________ of the lungs. B. ? ? ? ? a part a disease a risk factor a symptom Family history of asthma. C. B. B. ? ? ? ? risk factors triggers diseases exposures Recently. there has been an increase in asthma cases among ________. C. C. B. regular lung infestions. D. D. ? ? ? Children are being exposed to more triggers. C. A. B. D. B. and exposure to tabacco smake are all ___________ of asthma A. C. B. . D. ? ? ? ? 20% 1% 10% 15% What is one idea why the asthma rate is increasing in children? A. ? ? ? ? young adults IV drug users the elderly children Many of the symptoms of asthma are 100% ________ with medication in some patients.

D.) . tobacco . Many of these conditions are reversible with medication but not 100% reversible in all patients. Experts don’t agree why the rate is increasing but here are some ideas: . C. and being male. ? More children are smoking. The current rise in asthma cases among is alarming. ? ? ? ? severe headaches tightening of air pathways relaxation of the lungs medication Common symptoms of asthma are wheezing. B. pollution) (things that bring on asthma attacks.D. is a disease of the that is that is characterized by tightening of the air pathways. D.Children don’t have strong (they aren’t exposed to many childhood diseases. exposure to tobacco smoke. medical professionals can prevent many deaths. Asthma may occur at age but is very common in children. dust. presence of allergies. it can be controlled. Some for asthma are a family history of asthma. A. C.Decreases in the rates of breast feeding may also play a role. coughing. ? ? ? ? diseases triggers features risk factors Asthma is a disease that causes _________ . chest pain. However. tightness or pressure. Some common of asthma are inflammation. E. Approximately 10% of children have asthma and that rate may rise in the future. A. airway obstruction and airway sensitivity. With the right information and medical attention. Asthma is a disease that causes many for the patient. shortness of . regular lung infections.Children are being exposed to more smoke. Airway obstruction and airway sensitivity are common ________ of asthma. . B. low birth weight.

The cells of the body starve and the blood sugar level rises. Article 2: Type 1 Diabetes Information for the Patient Type 1 diabetes is a disease that destroys the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. Filtering of glucose by the kidneys results in large amounts of water loss causing dehydration. Type 1 diabetes can present at any age but usually presents before the age of 20 and the symptoms are subtle. as well as increased skin. especially sugar. insulin helps move sugar and other nutrients from the bloodstream into the cells of the body. Beta cells produce insulin. the body cannot produce sufficient insulin supplies. Tests for Article 1: multiple choice questions. Because of the high risks associated with hyperglycemia and the difficulties associated with therapy. which means the body's immune system is attacking itself. High blood sugar can cause dehydration. Some of the more common symptoms are frequent urination. are not transported into the cells. and after the immune system damages enough beta cells. hunger after meals. fill in the blanks Read Article 2 and then answer the questions. fatigue. unexplainable weight loss. Cells use sugar as energy for all of their functions. urinary tract. It is thought to be caused by an environmental trigger (possibly a virus or toxin but doctors aren't sure. counseling and follow-up.Article 1: Overview of Type 1 Diabetes Type 1 Diabetes is an autoimmune disease. Diagnosis is usually made by detection of abnormalities in blood glucose levels and by glucose or ketone bodies in the urine. these cells are damaged and cannot produce enough insulin to supply the body. When the body destroys the beta cells nutrients. blurred vision and dehydration complications. and vaginal infections. Dehydration associated with hyperglycemia (high blood sugar) causes increased thirst and dry mouth. it is suggested patients visit a diabetes counselor for regular monitoring. It is an autoimmune disease. By attacking the insulin-producing cells. In the body.) This trigger causes the immune system to attack beta cells in the pancreas. .

a disease that affects the eyes and vision . There are diabetes counselors who can help patients take control of their disease.circulatory problems .) Careful monitoring of blood sugar levels. eyes and heart.possibly leading to nerve damage. . and insulin therapy (insulin injections. Management requires exercise.retinopathy . and irreversible damage to small blood vessels in the kidney.kidney damage . infection. .which could lead to kidney failure and heart disease . patients are in danger of developing several serious diseases and complications.weight loss. and amputation Quality of life can be maintained by keeping blood sugar levels in target ranges. is important. both fasting and after meals. These services are often covered by most insurance plans and can be a great benefit to patients. When blood sugar is not controlled. meal planning.

the pancreas produces insulin but the cells of the body become resistant or the amount of insulin produced is not enough.Article 1: Overview of Type 2 Diabetes Type 2 diabetes is the most common of the two forms of diabetes. fill in the blanks Read Article 2 and then answer the questions. and circulatory problems.) The origin is still unknown but it is probably a combination of factors. the elderly. Glucose builds up in the blood stream (hyperglycemia. infection and can lead to amputation. . As this neuropathy continues. and people with metabolic syndrome (problems with hypertension and cholesterol issues.) and the cells of the body are unable to function properly. These blood vessels begin to leak fluid into the retina which leads to blurred vision. Retinopathy is caused by damage to the small blood vessels of the retina. Circulatory problems and nerve damage are cause by a hardening of the arteries. Quick diagnosis and immediate strict control of blood glucose levels is crucial. Kidney damage is cause by destruction of the small vessels in the nephrons allowing protein to flow into the urine. This causes loss of sensation. In type 2 diabetes. risk of ulcers. kidney damage. Many life-threatening problems can occur with uncontrolled blood glucose levels. Tests for Article 1: multiple choice questions. people with a family history of type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes can affect anyone at any age but is more common in overweight populations. The effects of type 2 diabetes on the body are often irreversible and compounding. The three most notable are retinopathy. affecting 90% or greater of the people with diabetes. the function of the kidney declines and leads to kidney failure and end-stage kidney disease.

Treatment of type 2 diabetes is usually managed with oral medication. called insulin-resistance. Some common symptoms of uncontrolled blood sugar are frequent urination. insulin replacement therapy may be necessary. Obesity (the condition of being overweight) is a major factor in causing type 2 diabetes. In type 2 diabetes. vision problems. Constant monitoring of blood sugar levels several times per day is very important. The damages and problems in the body caused by diabetes can often go unnoticed until they are serious. heart disease and even amputation. exercise and weight loss can make dramatic changes for the better. This can be done with blood sugar monitors. Uncontrolled blood sugar can lead to kidney failure. dry mouth. but aggressive therapy and control can greatly improve quality of life and lengthen life expectancy. There are medications that help increase insulin production and medications that increase the cells' sensitivity to insulin. fatigue. increased thirst. . weight loss and diet management can be very effective means of managing type 2 diabetes initially. This uses insulin injections. the cells of the body starve and many problems occur. When insulin resistance occurs. Exercise. The initial damage to the body can go unnoticed but the damage is severe. If oral therapy fails.Type 2 Diabetes: Information for the Patient Type 2 diabetes is caused by a lack of insulin or the body doesn't recognize the insulin. Proper management of blood sugar levels isn't easy. among others. Insulin moves nutrients into the cells of the body. Combination therapy may also be required. and numbness in the hands and feet.