August 21, 2006

Rev: 0

Art Montemayor

I received my first copy of Crane's Technical Paper No. 410, titled " Flow of Fluids through Valves,
fittings, and pipe", in October 1962. It was given to me free of charge by the Crane salesman that took care of
the business account at Liquid Carbonic Division of General Dynamics in Chicago, where I worked.
I had just completed my first year practicing engineering at Liquid Carbonic's affiliated companies in Jamaica,
Jamaica Oxygen and Acetylene Ltd. and Jamaica Carbonics. I had spent a year in Jamaica as Production
Manager, replacing Alf Newton who had gone to Barbados and Trinidad to erect a small CO2 plant in
Barbados and an industrial gas facility (Oxygen and Acetylene) at Biljah Road in Trinidad.
My original copy was the 1957 copyrighted version, sixth printing. It had a stated price of $10.00.
This was my first experience in dealing with fluid flow problems using the Darcy equation together with the
corresponding Moody Chart. At Texas A&M we were taught the Fanning equation and its corresponding
friction factor (the Darcy friction factor = 4 x the Fanning friction factor).
We had never been exposed to such practical and detailed fluid flow problems at Texas A&M. This booklet
was not only interesting, but it also taught the young engineer how to cope with and resolve practical
plant fluid problems. I went through all 27 example problems which were given in Section 4 of the booklet.
Later, during my tenure at Quaker Oats Chemical Division in Chicago (1968 - 1973), I would receive a copy
of the 1965 Crane version (9th printing). The example problems were basically the same and resolved in
the same manner as in the 1957 version. The 1965 version had a stated price of $2.00.
When I worked for Allstates Engineering on DuPont projects (1989 -1994) I obtained the 1979 version (18th
printing) and it had a stated price of $8.00. This is the version that this Workbook's examples are based on.
I still retain the original 1957 version copy, although the original hard, orange carboard front and back cover
have cracked and disintegrated from the stainless steel spiral hinge.
I have transcribed the Example problems given in the 1979 (18th printing) Edition into this workbook and also
added those problems that were given in the 1957 Edition but were not included in the 1979 Edition. Additionally,
I have included in each of the 1979 Example problem solutions those solutions that were given in the 1957 Edition
and that were resolved in a different manner. This enables the reader to see the difference in the technology of
solving these problems and how the methods have increased the accuracy of the answer.
My reason for transcribing these Example problems into the Spreadsheet format is to achieve a rapid and efficient
method by which an engineer can quickly detect the methodology and follow the mathematical computations.
Emphasis is put on the logic and reasoning employed rather than worrying about the mathematical mechanics.
The spreadsheet allows the reader to insert a variety of different input values and thereby facilitates the engineer
in absorbing the manner in which the ultimate answer is affected.

Art Montemayor

Page 1 of 276

FileName: 104773237.xls.ms_office
WorkSheet: Introduction

August 21, 2006
Rev: 0

Art Montemayor
Example 4-1 (18th printing)
Given:

Water at 80 oF is flowing through 70 feet of 2-inch standard wall plastic pipe (smooth wall) at a rate
of 50 gallons per minute.

Find:

The Reynolds Number and the friction factor.

Solution: The Reynolds Number is defined as:

Re =
Where,
Q
r
d
m

=
=
=
=

50
62.22
2.067
0.85733

50.6 Q r
dm

gallons/min
lb/ft3
inches
cP
Re =
f =

88,830
0.0182

(from the Moody Chart, for smooth flow)

Page 2 of 276

FileName: 104773237.xls.ms_office
WorkSheet: Example 4-1

August 21, 2006
Rev: 0

Art Montemayor
Example 4-2 (18th printing)
Given: A 6-inch Class 125 iron Y-pattern globe valve has a flow coefficient, Cv , of 600.

Find: Resistance coefficent, K, the the equivalent lengths L/D and L for flow in the zone of complete turbulence.
Solution: K, L/D, and L should be given in terms of 6-inch Schedule 40 pipe;
When the resistance coefficient K is used in flow equations, the velocity and internal diameter
dimensions used in the equation must be based on the dimensions of the basis Schedule numbers
regardless of the pipe with which the valve may be installed.
The values in the "K" Factor Table are associated with the internal diameter of the following
pipe schedule numbers for the various ANSI Classes of valves and fittings.
Class 300 and lower
Class 400 and 600
Class 900
Class 1500
Class 2500 (sizes 1/2 to 6")
Class 2500 (sizes 8" & up)

Schedule 40
Schedule 80
Schedule 120
Schedule 160
XXS
Schedule 160

K =
where,
d =

6.065 inches =

894.01 d 4

CV 2

0.5054 ft
K =

3.36

(based on 6", Schedule 40 pipe)

L K
=
D
f
f =

0.015 (from Moody Chart; for 6.065" ID pipe in fully turbulent flow range)
L/D =

224

L = (L / D) (D) =

113

feet

In the 1957 6th printing edition, an alternate solution is offered:

L=
L =

74.3 d 5
f CV2
113

feet

Page 3 of 276

FileName: 104773237.xls.ms_office
WorkSheet: Example 4-2

August 21, 2006
Rev: 0

Art Montemayor
Example 4-3 (18th printing)
Given: A 4-inch Class 600 steel conventional angle valve with full area seat.

Find: Resistance coefficient K, flow coefficient CV, and equivalent lengths L / D and L for flow
in the zone of complete turbulence.
Solution: K, L / D, and L should be given in terms of 4-inch Schedule 80 pipe;
When the resistance coefficient K is used in flow equations, the velocity and internal diameter
dimensions used in the equation must be based on the dimensions of the basis Schedule numbers
regardless of the pipe with which the valve may be installed.
The values in the "K" Factor Table are associated with the internal diameter of the following
pipe schedule numbers for the various ANSI Classes of valves and fittings.
Class 300 and lower
Class 400 and 600
Class 900
Class 1500
Class 2500 (sizes 1/2 to 6")
Class 2500 (sizes 8" & up)

K = 150 f T

From the "K" Factor tables,

CV =
K= f
d =
fT =

Schedule 40
Schedule 80
Schedule 120
Schedule 160
XXS
Schedule 160

29.9 d 2
K
L
;
D

or

L
K
=
D
fT

3.826 inches
0.017 (from table on page A-26)
K =
CV =

2.55

L/D =
L =

150
47.8

274
feet

Page 4 of 276

FileName: 104773237.xls.ms_office
WorkSheet: Example 4-3

August 21, 2006
Rev: 0

Art Montemayor
In the 1957 6th Printing edition, the problem is worded and resolved differently:
Given: A 4-inch 600-pound conventional angle valve with no obstruction in flat seat.

Find: The resistance coefficient K, flow coefficient Cv, and the equivalent lengths L / D and L
for fully turbulent flow.
Solution: K, L / D, and L should be given in terms of 4-inch Schedule 80 pipe;
L/D =

145

d =

3.826

L =

46

K =

2.4

Cv =

283

(from L/D tables for valves)
inches

(from Nomograph for equivalent lengths and K)

Page 5 of 276

FileName: 104773237.xls.ms_office
WorkSheet: Example 4-3

August 21. The values in the "K" Factor Table are associated with the internal diameter of the following pipe schedule numbers for the various ANSI Classes of valves and fittings. D or L K = D fT 6" b= d1 d2 3. When the resistance coefficient K is used in flow equations.1209 = sin (q / 2) --approximately 1.826 inches d2 = 5.761 inches fT = 0. Class 300 and lower Class 400 and 600 Class 900 Class 1500 Class 2500 (sizes 1/2 to 6") Class 2500 (sizes 8" & up) Schedule 40 Schedule 80 Schedule 120 Schedule 160 XXS Schedule 160 K1 = 8 fT (from K Factor Table) K2 = K1  sin 0. and L should be given in terms of 6-inch Schedule 80 pipe. 2006 Rev: 0 Art Montemayor Example 4-4 (18th printing) Given: A 6 x 4-inch Class 600 steel gate valve with inlet and outlet ports conically tapered from back of body rings to valve ends.6 1  b   2 2 b4 K= f L . Face-to-face dimensions is 22" and back of seat ring to back of seat ring is about 6". Find: K2 for any flow condition.xls.40 L/D = 93 diameters of 6" Schedule 80 pipe L = 45 feet of 6" Schedule 80 pipe Page 6 of 276 FileName: 104773237.ms_office WorkSheet: Example 4-4 .826" d1 = 3.015 5.761" 22" b = tan (q / 2) = K2 = 0. L/D. Solution: K.8 1  b 2 q 2   2. and L / D and L for flow in the zone of complete turbulence. the velocity and internal diameter dimensions used in the equation must be based on the dimensions of the basis Schedule numbers regardless of the pipe with which the valve may be installed.66 0.

761 inches D = 0.01 This is based on the 6" Schedule 80 pipe L = (L/D) D = 32. For venturi port gate valves: L  L  d   =    a  D a  D b  db 4  L  d a    =   4  D  b d b   4 For 6-inch Schedule 80 pipe: d = 5.xls. L / D.ms_office WorkSheet: Example 4-4 .5 in For 4-inch Schedule 80 pipe: d = 3. Find: The valve resistance coefficient K.8 0. the problem is worded differently: Given: A 6 x 4-inch 600-pound steel gate valve.826 inches 4 d4 = 214.0151 This value is for 6" Schedule 80 pipe This is the fully turbulent friction factor for 6" Schedule 80 pipe as seen in the Moody chart L K = f  D This is the definition of the resistance coefficient.1 feet This equivalent pipe length is based on the 6" Schedule 80 pipe Page 7 of 276 FileName: 104773237.4801 feet 4 d4 = 1.101. for fully turbulent flow of Reynolds numbers indicated on the Moody Friction Factor diagram. and L should be given in terms of 6-inch Schedule 80 pipe.August 21. K K = 1. Solution: K. and the equivalent lengths L / D and L. 2006 Rev: 0 Art Montemayor In the 1957 6th Printing edition.28 in L/D = 13 (L/D)a = fT = This value is for a 4" constant diameter port gate valve 66.

5 ft/sec (for the 3" check valve) Note that the mean flow velocity of the 3" check valve is less than the recommended. The minimum velocity required to lift a check valve's disc to the full-open and stable position has been determined by tests for numerous types of check and foot valves. b = 0. making it applicable for use with any fluid. it can be assumed that the pressure drop or head loss due to the flow of fluids in the turbulent range through valves and fittings varies as the square of the velocity (DP = k v2 ).018 80 3 ft /lb (the specific volume of water at 70 oF) lb/ft3 (the density of water at 70 oF) (for fully turbulent flow in 2-1/2" or 3" pipe) gpm vmin = 5.5 1  b 2  1  b 2 b4 b=  2 (From K Factor Table) d1 d2 (Definition of the "Beta" ratio) d1 = 2. v = 5.408 Q d2 (the "continuity" equation) 17.August 21.01605 62.305 0.469 inches (for 2-1/2" Schedule 40 pipe) d2 = 3. and is given in the "K" Factor Table.99 x106 K r Q 2 DP = d4 K1 = 600 f T K2 =  (From K Factor Table)    K1  b 0.4 ft/sec (for the 2-1/2" check valve) Based on the above. Try a smaller. Find: The proper size check valve and the pressure drop. vmin = 40 V v= (from K factor table) 0.1 ft/sec v = 3.xls. 2006 Rev: 0 Art Montemayor Example 4-5 (18th printing) Given: A globe type. The valve should be sized so that the disc is fully lifted at the specified flow.068 inches (for 3" Schedule 40 pipe) V = r = fT = Q = 0. a 2-1/2" check valve is recommended to be installed in the 3" pipe using concentric reducers. It is expressed in terms of a constant times the square root of the specific volume of the fluid being handled.ms_office WorkSheet: Example 4-5 . Solution: For all practical purposes. 2-1/2" check valve instead.80 (this is the Beta ratio between the check valve and the pipe) K2 is the value of the resistance coefficient in terms of the larger pipe size and is determined by Page 8 of 276 FileName: 104773237. lift check valve with a wing-guided disc is required in a 3-inch Schedule 40 horizontal pipe carrying 70 oF water at the rate of 80 gallons per minute.

396 This places the flow in the Transition Zone within the Moody Chart.0 psi for the 3-inch size. 4 L  L   d    =    a 4  D  a  D  b  d b      Page 9 of 276 FileName: 104773237. see page 2-7 for discussion and page A-30 for minimum flow. 0. 105.ms_office WorkSheet: Example 4-5 . This is the viscosity of the 70 oF water.161 It is evident that for this flow condition the pressure drop through a wide-open valve is more than 2.00001799 f L DP 2 2 Calculate the Reynolds Number to determine the friction factor based on flow in the 3-inch pipe.975 Re = f = gpm psi lb/ft3 inches cP This is the minimum pressure drop required across the globe lift check valve in order to provide sufficient flow to lift the disc fully. This is given in page A-30.0 psi for the 2-1/2 inch size and less than 2.xls. K2 = 26 DP = 2.305 3.0 From the pipe tables. The valve should be sized so that the disc is fully lifted under normal flow conditions. it is seen that the value of the d4 parameter for the 3-inch pipe is 88.597 while that for a 2-1/2 inch size similar check valve is 37. Re = Q = DP = L/D r d m = = = = 50. lift check valve with a wing-guided disc is required in a 3-inch Schedule 40 horizontal pipe carrying 70 oF water at the rate of 100 gallons per minute. Therefore.068 0. This is the ID of the 3-inch Schedule 40 pipe. the 3-inch valve would not be fully lifted and a 2-1/2 inch size check valve should be used in this flow application.00001799 f L d4  D r Q 0. the problem is worded differently: Given: A globe type.021 d4 = The friction factor taken from the Moody Chart 53. 4 Solution: Solve the Darcy equation for the value of d : DP = d = 4  D r Q 0. This is the density of water at 70 oF. This is the same as for a globe valve.0 450 62. also given in page A-30. 2006 Rev: 0 Art Montemayor basically dividing K1 by b4.August 21.0 psi (pressure drop of 80 gpm through the 2-1/2" check valve) In the 1957 6th Printing edition.6 Q r dm 100 2. Find: The proper size check valve and the pressure drop.

August 21. 2006 Rev: 0 Art Montemayor (L/D)b = 450 (da)4 = 88.85 psi Page 10 of 276 FileName: 104773237.073 DP = 2.ms_office WorkSheet: Example 4-5 .597 (db)4 = 37.161 (L/D)a = 1.xls.

375 inches (bore of the reduced port ball valve) d2 = 3.0 (for pipe exit at the end) 22' fT = 0. 2006 Rev: 0 Art Montemayor Example 4-6 (18th printing) o Given: Water at 60 F is discharged from a tank with 22-feet of average head to the atmosphere through: Quantity 200 feet 6 1 Item 3" Schedule 40 pipe 3" standard 90o threaded elbows 3" flanged ball valve having a 2-3/8" diameter seat.4 Page 11 of 276 FileName: 104773237.068 inches (inside diameter of the 3" pipe) For the K of a ball valve.6 sin 1  b  2 2 2 2 2 b4 (Beta ratio of the valve's bore to the pipe ID) Sin q/2 = sin(16/2)= 0.26 (this sine value is for the valve's outlet half angle) K1 = 3 fT = K2 = 0. K (total) = 19./ D) = 0.August 21. Sharp-edged entrance is flush with the inside of the tank Find: The water velocity in the pipe and the rate of discharge in gallons per minute. 16o conical inlet.58 K = K = 30 fT = 3. 2g v = 0.8 sin 0. and 30o conical outlet end.ms_office WorkSheet: Example 4-6 .408 v= Q d2 2 g hL K or.24 K = f (L.14 (this sine value is for the valve's inlet half angle) Sin q/2 = sin(30/2)= 0.xls. pipe. Solution: hL = K v2 or .451v d 2 K = 0.018 (for fully turbulent flow in 3" pipe) d1 = 2. the normal formula must be expanded in order to compensate for the different inlet and outlet angles: K2 = b = K1  0. Q = 2.054 (This is the K for the ball valve) 0.08 (This is the K for the 200 feet of 3" straight pipe) The K for the system is composed of the Ks for the entrance. and exit.54 (This is the K for one screwed elbow) (This is the K for the 6 elbows) 14.5 (for pipe entrance at the tank) K = 1. ball valve. elbows.77 q q  1  b   2.

0195 and this is not in the fully turbulent zone. 2006 (This is the mean velocity of the water in the 3" pipe) Rev: 0 Q = 197 gpm (This is the water flowrate exiting the system) Art Montemayor In order to verify that the assumption that the flow is in the fully turbulent zone.742 (Reynolds number in the 3" pipe) From the Moody Chart.9 d v r / m = 180.xls. The solution is valid from a practical point.ms_office WorkSheet: Example 4-6 . Reynolds Number = 123.5 ft/sec August 21. the corresponding f = 0. Page 12 of 276 FileName: 104773237. Although this flow is in the transition zone. the difference is small enough to forego any correction of K for the pipe.v = 8.

Q = 2.059 (Friction factor for the 3" pipe) K = 45.8 (K for 3" pipe) K (total) = v = 51.E.9 f = v= 22' dvr m (Friction factor for laminar flow) 64 Re K = 0.xls. Assume v = 5. The velocity can be checked through trial-and-error methods until convergence is reached.5 (for pipe entrance at the tank) K = 1.451 v d 2 Re = 123.24 (This is the K for the 6 elbows as developed in Example 4-6) r = 54. 10 Lube Oil at 60 F flows through the system described in Example 4-6 at the same differential head. Solution: hL = K v2 or . It is left to calculate the K for the 200 feet of 3" pipe and a velocity must be assumed in order to generate the pipe K. and is treated as a constant for any valve or fitting under all condtions of flow (including laminar flow) regardless of the fluid handled. 2006 Rev: 0 Art Montemayor Example 4-7 (18th printing) o Given: S.26 (K for the entire system) ft/sec (Oil mean velocity in 3" pipe -.this should equal the assumed value) Q = 121 gpm (Oil flowrate in the 3" pipe) Page 13 of 276 FileName: 104773237. Find: The oil velocity in the pipe and the rate of flow in gallons per minute.58 (This is the K for the ball valve as developed in Example 4-6) K = 3.0 (for pipe exit at the end) K2 = 0.408 Q d2 2 g hL K or.1 5.ms_office WorkSheet: Example 4-7 .26 ft/sec Re = 1.August 21.64 lb/ft3 m = 100 cP hL = (oil density @ 60 oF) (oil absolute viscosity @ 60 oF) 22 ft of oil (static pressure head developed by oil) Note that the resistance coefficient K is considered as being independent of the Friction Factor or the Reynolds Number.A. 2g v = 0.093 (Flow is laminar) f = 0.

August 21.ms_office WorkSheet: Example 4-8 .xls.4 r B Re = dm DP = K1 = 340 f T K = f f = L D 64 Re S = o 0.A.916 at 60 F (Specific Gravity of the oil relative to water at 60 oF) S = o 0.13 lb/ft3 (Oil density at 100 oF) Re = 318 (Oil flow is very Laminar) f = 0.82 x 10 6 K r B 2 d4 35.E.55 (K factor for the 200 feet of 8" pipe) K (Total) = 65. 2006 Rev: 0 Art Montemayor Example 4-8 (18th printing) o Given: S.76 (K factor for the full-bore 8" globe valve) K = 60.981 inches (8" Schedule 40 pipe inside diameter) (Oil viscosity at 100 oF) 470 cP fT = 0.31 (Total K for the system) DP = 2.900 at 100 F (Specific Gravity of the oil relative to water at 60 oF) B = 600 barrels/hr d = m = 7.20 (Friction factor for the laminar flow in the 8" pipe) K1 = 4. 70 Lube Oil at 100 F is flowing at the rate of 600 barrels per hour through 200 feet of 8-inch Schedule 40 pipe in which an 9-inch conventional globe valve with full bore is installed.87 psi Page 14 of 276 FileName: 104773237. Find: The pressure drop due to flow through the pipe and valve.014 (Friction factor for fully turbulent flow in 8" pipe) r = 56. Solution: 8.

1 lb/ft3 (Oil density @ 100 oF) fT = Q = 0.916 0. as shown in the following sketch.047 inches S = S = 0. steel angle valve with full area seat .900 (Oil Specific Gravity @ 60 oF referenced to water @ 60 oF) (Oil Specific Gravity @ 100 oF referenced to water @ 60 oF) m = 470 cP (Oil absolute viscosity @ 100 oF) r = 56.A.016 (Friction factor for oil in fully turbulent flow) 600 gpm (Oil flow rate) First.ms_office WorkSheet: Example 4-9 . Re = f = 64/Re = 723 0.August 21. 2006 Rev: 0 Art Montemayor Example 4-9 (18th printing) o Given: S. Find: The velocity in feet per second and the pressure difference between gauges P1 and P2.408 Q d2 Re = 50.6 Q r dm DP = 18 x 10 6 K r Q 2 d4 DP = (This is the pressure loss in the system due to flow) hL r 144 (This is the pressure loss in the system due to elevation change) d = 5.xls.E. establish if the flow is laminar or turbulent. Solution: 5" Class 150.089 (This flow is Laminar) (This is the fricition factor for the oil in laminar flow) Page 15 of 276 FileName: 104773237. 20 Lube Oil at 100 F is flowing through 5-inch Schedule 40 pipe at a rate of 600 gallons per minute.wide open P2 5" Class 150 steel gate valve with full area seat wide open. 75' 5" R P1 50' Flow 5" weld elbow 175' v= 0.

40 K = 20 f T This K is for the 5" elbow and is = 0.17 K = f L D The K for the entire system is the sum of the Ks = 66.32 This K is for the 5" pipe and is = 63.ms_office WorkSheet: Example 4-9 .5 psi This is the total pressure drop between the gauges Page 16 of 276 FileName: 104773237. DP = 37.xls.13 K1 = 150 f T This K is for the 5" angle valve and = 2.5 psi (This is Pressure drop due to elevation increase) DP (Total) = 56.August 21.6 This is the oil mean velocity in the pipe. 2006 Rev: 0 Art Montemayor K1 = 8 f T This K is for the 5" gate valve and = 0.01 v = 9.0 psi (This is Pressure drop due to flow) DP = 19.

and one 6-inch Class 600 y-pattern globe .015 lb/hr inches ft3/lb cP (This is the 6" Schedule 80 pipe ID) (This is the Specific Volume of the superheated steam) (This is the viscosity of the superheated steam) (This the friction factor for the 6" pipe in fully turbulent flow) K1 = 0.63 (for the 3 . The system contains three 90o weld elbows having a relative radius of 1. 2006 Rev: 0 Art Montemayor Example 4-10 (18th printing) Given: 600 psig steam at 850 oF flows through 400 feet of horizontal 6-inch Schedule 80 pipe at a rate of 90.000 lb/hr.6" welded elbows) K (Total) = 15. valve.761 1.40 (for Gate valve. The latter has a seat diameter equal to 0.9 psi This is the pressure drop for the system Page 17 of 276 FileName: 104773237.41 (for Globe valve) K2 = 1.825 (for Globe valve) K2 = 1.9 of the inside diameter of Schedule 80 pipe. as calculated in example 4-4) Re = 3.90 (This is the K2 for the 6" globe valve) (This is the given Beta ratio for the 6" globe valve) K = 14 f T (This is the K for each 6" welded elbow) L D Re = 6.5 (for the 6" Schedule 80 pipe) K = 0.015 (The pipe friction factor as found in the Moody Chart) K = 12.ms_office WorkSheet: Example 4-10 .xls. pipe.026727 fT = 0.5 1  b 2  1  b 2 K2 = b4 K1 = 55 f T 0. one fully-open 6x4-inch Class 600 venturi gate valve as described in example 4-4.94 (The total K for globe & gate valves.5.000 5. Solution: 28 x 10 8 K W 2 V d4 DP =     K1  b 0.22 V = m = 0.688.August 21. and elbows) DP = 39.279 f = 0. disc fully lifted Find: The pressure drop through the system.13 2 (This is the K1 for the 6" globe valve) b = K = f  (This is the K for the 6" pipe) W dm W = d = 90.

engineeringpage.869 [ .741 Pa 7.] Pressure Drop straight line 0.05 mm Moody Friction Factor Pressure Drop fittings 167.93 psi 791.1803 m/s Relative roughness factor ß=1 13.440 ft3/h 3098.com/cgi-bin/dp/dpf.002 inch 737.5468 bar 7. example 4-10 CALCULATION INPUT FLUID DATA Medium PIPE DATA o 600 psia Steam (@ 850 F) 3 Flowrate 109.83 psi inch ft .28 mm 6.9143 ft/s 3.s [ = cP] Sch 80 Pipe length 400 FITTINGS AND VALVES Number of fittings were manually put in Elbows 90 Valves Number R/D = Type Connection 3 R/D = 1.027 mPa.97 mm 0.90 psi 54.0003 [ .0156 [ .] Total Pressure Drop turbulent flow 0.172 kg/m3 0.46 gpm (U.8223 lb/ft3 51.060 Pa 7.] 0.This exercise compares the results and answers found in Crane Tech Paper #410 with those generated at: http://www.7614 inch Flowrate 0.S.4319 inch Internal Diameter 146.pl Crane Tech Paper #410. Ball.3706 bar 106.8608 m3/s Wall Thickness 109.9174 bar 114.653.34 mm 5.) 3 0.6252 inch 10.10 6 Schedule 0.9957 m /h Density Fluid velocity Reynolds Number Wall Roughness 13.8223 lb/ft Dynamic Viscosity ANSI B36.644.440 ft /h Size 3 Density 0.5 Long Radius All Types Number Type Special 1 Gate.681 Pa 0. Plug Full line size 1 Globe Angle or Y-type CALCULATION RESULTS External Diameter 168.

ose generated at: DATA 6 inch Sch 80 400 Connection All Types ß=1 .) ft .S.

569 0.131 f = 0.023 15 lb/ft3 cP inches gpm (K for each 180o bend) (Water density at 180 oF) (Water viscosity at 180 oF) (1" Schedule 40 pipe ID) (Friction factor for 1" pipe in fully turbulent flow) (Hot water flow rate) Re = 127. it is very important to know the orientation.180o returns. shown in the sketch below.August 21. industrial application that the top of each of the 4 top 180o returns be initially vented to the atmosphere and all air be expelled from there in order to ensure that the system is started up with 100% water-filled condtions. If the coil is vertically oriented.25  f T  0.as long as the entire 1" pipe is 100% water filled. then air will initially be trapped at the top of the 4 . This air will create a 2-phase flow region at these sites and the pressure drop will increase.92 psi This is the total system pressure drop Art's Note: This example problem doesn't mention whether the flat coil is in a horizontal or a vertical orientation. 4" Radius Solution: DP = 18 x 10 6 K r Q 2 d4 50.ms_office WorkSheet: Example 4-11 . Find: The pressure drop from Point A to Point B.89 This is the K for the 18 feet of straight 1" pipe This is the K for the 2 -90o bends This is the K for the 7-180o bends K(Total) = 9. 2006 Rev: 0 Art Montemayor Example 4-11 (18th printing) o Given: Water at 180 F is flowing through a flat heating coil.64 3. If the system is not 100% water-filled.6 Q r Re = dm K = f 1" Schedule 40 pipe 2' L D r =4 d 4" Radius A B 1' (This is the radius of the pipe bends K 90 = 14 f T (This is the K for each of the two 90o bends r   K B = n  1 0. although the pressure drop will be the same --. It is very important in an actual.34 1.024 This reveals that the water is in the transition zone This is the pipe friction factor at the flowing conditions K = K = KB = 4. Page 20 of 276 FileName: 104773237.049 0. then total recovery of this energy cannot be done because of the air's compressibility. For practical purposes.47 This is the total K for the entire system DP = 1.xls. at a rate of 15 gpm.94 0. It is in this manner that the system can "recover" the energy spent in going vertically up 2 feet four times in the coil run.5 K 90   K 90 d   r m d fT Q 1' 4" Radius = = = = = 60.

) 3 120.57 lb/ft Dynamic Viscosity Size 1 Schedule Sch 40 0.. Type 2 R/D = 5 Connection Pipe Bend Return 180 Number R/D = .318 Pa 0.2332 bar 3.0019 Moody Friction Factor 0.pl Crane Tech Paper #410.1331 inch 26.5 Long Radius All Types CALCULATION RESULTS External Diameter 33.05 mm 5.64 mm 1.4 mm 1.3024 bar 4.57 lb/ft3 1.38 mm 0.0247 Pressure Drop straight line 23...004 psi 30.386 psi Pressure Drop fittings Total Pressure Drop .071 0.s [= cP] Pipe length 18 inch ft FITTINGS AND VALVES Number of fittings were manually put in Elbows 90 Number R/D = .5703 ft/s turbulent flow 0.34 mPa. example 4-11 CALCULATION INPUT FLUID DATA PIPE DATA o Medium Water at 180 F Flowrate ANSI B36. Type 7 Connection R/D = 1.engineeringpage..This exercise compares the results and answers found in Crane Tech Paper #410 with those generated at: http://www.0488 inch Internal Diameter Flowrate 0.382 psi 6.3125 ft3/h 3.4069 m /h Density Fluid velocity Reynolds Number Wall Roughness 970.com/cgi-bin/dp/dpf.0692 bar 1.2383 kg/m3 60.315 inch Wall Thickness 3.6978 m/s 129.S.241 Pa 0.10 15 GPM 3 Density 60.0009 m3/s 15 gpm (U.002 inch Relative roughness factor 0.923 Pa 0.

ose generated at: .

Page 23 of 276 FileName: 104773237. Find: The diameter of a thin-plate orifice that must be centrally installed in the pipe to restrict the velocity of flow to 10 feet per second when the gate valve is wide open.00 (This is the K of the orifice that satisfies the system's needs) From the graph on page A-20 showing C versus Reynolds Number at varying Beta values.104 This is gate valve's K K = 0.78 (K for pipe entrance) K = 1. discharges 60 oF water to atmosphere from a reservoir. Trial-and-Error method is used as follows: At the Reynolds Number of 822. different values of Beta ratio are assumed.ms_office WorkSheet: Example 4-12 . The entrance projects inward into the reservoir and its center line is 12 feet below the water level in the reservoir.12 cP fT = hL = 0.889. K1 = 0. using the Moody Chart K = 7.938 inches r = 3 62.9 d v r 60' 12' m RO K = 0.371 lb/ft m = 1.728 + the orifice's K K(orifice)= 5.013 (This the friction factor for the 12" pipe in fully turbulent flow) 12.73 This is the system's K required for the desired velocity of 10 ft/sec.84 This is the 12" pipe's K K(Total) = 2. System K = 2 g hL v2 123.xls.August 21. an assumed Beta yields a C with which the K(orifice) can be calculated. assume the reservoir's level to remain constant) 822. containing a standard gate valve 10 feet from the entrance.889 flow is in the transition zone f = 0.00 (K for pipe exit) 30' 10' K1 = 8 fT K = f L D K Orifice  v = (K for the 12" gate valve) (K for the 12" pipe) 1 b 2 C2 b 4 (this is the relationship between an orifice K and its b ratio) 10 ft/sec d = 11. 2006 Rev: 0 Art Montemayor Example 4-12 (18th printing) Given: A 12-inch Schedule 40 steel pipe 60 feet long.014 The pipe's friction factor. Solution: hL = K Re = v2 2g or .0 ft Re = (This is the system head.

2006 Rev: 0 Art Montemayor Assumed b value 0.70 0.70 0.65 0.21 5.67 d1 = 8.33 7.68 (This is the bore diameter of the required orifice) Page 24 of 276 FileName: 104773237.August 21. use an intermediate This is close enough.682 inches K 4.67 0. use a smaller one The assumed b is too small.12 C value 0.ms_office WorkSheet: Example 4-12 . use b = 0.xls.88 The assumed b is too large.

815 grams per cubic centimeter and a kinematic viscosity of 2. in grams/centimeter = 0.28 feet = 0. in meters3/sec = 0.xls.715 bar DP(MPa) = 0.80665 meters/sec head loss.001963 Pipe internal diameter.9685 inches 11.007 mean fluid velocity = 3.565 meter/sec (mean velocity by the continuity equation) 3 fluid density. steel pipe.22334 psi 14.0 kg/cm = 3.986 0. 2006 Rev: 0 Art Montemayor Example 4-13 (18th printing) Given: Fuel oil with a density of 0.7 centistokes is flowing through 50 millimeter I.071 MegaPascal (This is the head loss through the 50 mm pipe) Page 25 of 276 FileName: 104773237.37 inches 14.7 centistokes (Kinematic viscosity) (This is the friction factor from the Moody Chart) 2 L v D 2g = 8. in meters = 30 flow rate.98067 bar = 0. 30 meters long at a rate of 7. and megapascal (MPa) Solution: Define the symbols in SI units as follows: A = D = g = hL = L = q = v = r = DP(kpc) = DP(bar) = DP(MPa)= Pipe cross-sectional flow area.1 r kg/cm2.0 meter = 2 1.D.0 liters per second. bar.ms_office WorkSheet: Example 4-13 .729 kg/cm2 DP(bar) = 0.94 meters DP(kpc) = 0.22334 psi A column of fluid one square centimeter in cross-sectional area and one meter high is equal to a pressure of 0. therefore: Re = 7740 d v/ n Re = f = hL = f where. in bars fluid pressure drop. in meters of fluid Pipe length.0 kg/cm = 3 1.6934 ft/sec 2.815 fluid pressure drop. 2 Find: Head loss in meters of fluid and pressure drop in kg/cm . in megapascals 1. in meters = 0.0500 2 Acceleration of gravity = 9.098067 Mpascal = 39.023 1.August 21. in kilograms/centimeter2 fluid pressure drop. d = v = n = 65. in meters2 = 0.

6 Q r Re = dm hL = K = f K = L D f L Db4 (This is the K for the 4" pipe. therefore.371 lb/ft m = 1. at a rate of 400 gpm. shown in the sketch below.121 cP d1 = 4.00259 K Q 2 d4 50.August 21. Find: The velocity in both the 4 and 5-inch pipe sizes and the pressure differential between the pressure gauges P1 and P2. Solution: 5" Schedule 40 pipe 5" weld elbow with 7-1/2" radius P2 4" Schedule 40 pipe 150' 75' P1 5" Schedule 40 pipe Flow 5"x4" Reducing weld elbow with 7-1/2" radius 110' Use Daniel Bernoulli's theorem. r1 = r2 :    v22  v12    Z  Z   hL   2 1 2g  144    P1  P2  =  r 0. in terms of the 5" pipe) K = 14 f T K = 14 f T  r = 3 62.016 Page 26 of 276 FileName: 104773237.047 inches Q = 400 gpm fT = (This is the K for the 5" 90o elbow 1  b  2 b 4 2 This is the K for the 4" x 5" expanding elbow & is the sum of a straight-sized elbow + a sudden enlargement 0.ms_office WorkSheet: Example 4-14 . which states: Z1  v12 144 P2 v 22  = Z2    hL 2g r2 2g 144 P1 r1 Assume that the hydraulic head of 75 feet has negligible effect on the water's density.xls.026 inches d2 = 5. 2006 Rev: 0 Art Montemayor Example 4-14 (18th printing) o Given: Water at 60 F is flowing through the piping system.

v 1)/2g = -0.94 feet Re = 279. it falls within the Transition Zone) f = 0.98 This is the total K for the entire system of pipe & elbows hL = 16.P2) = (This is the friction factor for both 4" and 5" pipe) 39.6 (This is the K for the 4" pipe in terms of the 5" pipe) K = 0.9 (This is the K for the 110 feet of 4" pipe) K2 = 14.80 (Z1 .689 (This is the Reynolds Number for the 4" pipe.108 (This is the Reynolds Number for the 5" pipe.0 feet of fluid DP = (P1 . 2006 Rev: 0 Art Montemayor b = 0.22 (This is the K for the 5" common elbow) K = 0.0 psi Page 27 of 276 FileName: 104773237.41 ft/sec (This is the mean velocity in the 5" pipe by the continuity equation) 2 2 .August 21.55 (This is the K for the 4" x 5" expander elbow) K (Total) = 24.6 (This is the K for the 225 feet of 5" pipe) K = 5.018 K = 9.ms_office WorkSheet: Example 4-14 .xls.Z2) = 75 feet v1 = v2 = 2 (v 10.08 ft/sec (This is the mean velocity in the 4" pipe by the continuity equation) 6. it falls within the Transition Zone) Re = 223.

408 Q d2 QH r bhp = 247.September 30. Gate Valve 2-1/2" Globe lift check valve with wing-guided disc & concentric reducers for 3" pipe. the equation is: 144 r hL = 0. r1 = r2. therefore. 2006 Rev: 0 Art Montemayor Example 4-15 (18th printing) o Given: Water at 70 F is pumped through the piping system shown in the sketch at the rate of 100 gpm. 70' 100' Four 3" Std.xls.000 e P P1  P2  = Z 2  Z1   hL The head loss through the 3" discharge pipe system due to flow The Reynolds Number through the 3" pipe system v= The mean water velocity through the 3" pipe system K = 30 fT The Brake Horsepower required to pump the water through the 3" pipe system and up to the 400 feet of elevation. Find: The total discharge head (H) at flowing conditions and the brake horsepower (bhp) required for a pump having an efficiency (eP) of 70 per cent. Since the mean velocity at the pump discharge is the same as at the outlet (v1 = v2). Solution: 3" Schedule 40 pipe 300' 3" Std. which states: Z1  144 P1 r1  v12 144 P2 v2 = Z2   2  hL 2g r2 2g Assume that the hydraulic head of 400 feet has negligible effect on the water's density.00259 K Q 2 d4 Re = 123. The K for 90o elbows K1 = 8 fT The K for the gate valve K = f (L/D) The K for the 3" pipe Page 28 of 276 FileName: 104773237. 90o threaded elbows 30' Use Daniel Bernoulli's theorem.ms_office WorkSheet: Example 4-15 .9 dvr m 0.

14 This is the K for the gate valve K = 26. Page 29 of 276 FileName: 104773237. assuming 70% efficiency.021 This is the 3" pipe's friction factor from the Moody Chart K = 2.33 Re = 105.xls.September 30.33 This is the K for the Check Valve with reducers as per Example 4-5 K = 41.068 62.294 ft/sec This Reynolds Number identifies the flow as in the Transition zone.2 This is the Pump's Brake Horsepower.70 This is the Total K for the system. 2006 Rev: 0 Art Montemayor K d r m fT Q = = = = = = 1.16 This is the K for the four 90o elbows K1 = 0.00 3.305 0.ms_office WorkSheet: Example 4-15 .97 0. including the exit K hL = 21 ft of water This is the head loss for the 3" pipe system due to flow H = 421 ft of water This is the head loss for the 3" pipe system including static head bhp = 15. f = 0.07 This is the K for the 500 feet of 3" Schedule 40 pipe K (Total) = 70.018 100 v = inches lb/ft3 cP This is the K for the 3" pipe fluid exit loss This is the ID of the 3" Schedule 40 pipe This is the density of the 70 oF water This is the absolute viscosity of 70 oF water This is the friction factor for water in fully turbulent flow in the 3" pipe gpm 4.

q'm = 100 scfm The air flow measured at Std. f L r V d = = = = = psi the friction factor for flow in the 1" pipe the 100 feet of 1" pipe the density of the air.9 acfm The air flow measured at (65 . 60 oF air at a flow rate of 100 scfm through 100 ft of 1". & temperature.483 ft/min Mean air velocity at downstream conditions Standard Conditions were not defined for this problem.21 psi for 100 psi. Note that it is not mentioned that it is assumed that the temperature stays constant (Isothermal).61) psig & 110 oF (Downstream) V = 3. The air tables have already taken the air density into consideration and this is the reason they are useful for calculating this type of problem.61 psi This is the DP corrected for length.2. This should be mandatory. so the volumetric flow can be calculated using the density values at the initial as well as at the final points. DP = 2. lb/ft3. this means that the viscosity of the air at the initial conditions would also have to be known. This mass air flow is constant.) 4. The 65 psig pressure is not defined as to location. Schedule 40 pipe.) DP = 2. Solution: Refer to the Table for the Flow of Air through Schedule 40 steel pipe. Note that the Reynolds Number would also have to be calculated to obtain f.) 2.000000359 f L r V 2 DP = d where. Page 30 of 276 FileName: 104773237. the conventional Darcy equation could have been used to calculate the pressure drop:  0.7 psia) Find: The pressure drop in psi and the velocity in ft/min at both upstream and downstream gauges.September 30.xls. Art's Note: 1. it was assumed that this is the initial pressure. The density of air at standard conditions would have to be known in order to find the mass of air flowing.2 acfm The air flow measured at 65 psig & 110 oF (Upstream) qm(2) = 20. pressure. at the initial conditions the mean air velocity at the initial conditions the internal diameter of the 1" pipe.ms_office WorkSheet: Example 4-16 .369 ft/min Mean air velocity at upstream conditions V = 3. Since the pressure drop is less than 10% of the initial pressure. conditions qm(1) = 20. (Standard Conditions are defined here as: 60 oF and 14.) 3. 2006 Rev: 0 Art Montemayor Example 4-16 (18th printing) o Given: Air at 65 psig and 110 F is flowing through 75 feet of 1-inch Schedule 40 pipe at a rate of 100 standard cubic feet per minute (scfm).

900 12.2 2.September 30.442 This Reynolds Number identifies the flow as in the Transition Zone. The pump's Brake Horsepower = 1.496 Page 31 of 276 FileName: 104773237.000 feet above the pump inlet.330 gpm This is the kinematic viscosity converted to absolute viscosity This is the height that the crude is elevated by the pump Re = 21. Find: The brake horsepower of the pump.0001058 Re = 35. Assume the pump has an efficiency of 67%.000 o QH r 247.6 C with a viscosity of 75 Universal Saybolt seconds is being pumped through a 12-inch Schedule 30 steel pipe at a rate of 1. Solution: DP = 0.1 F 264.000 e P o 60.8762 1.025 This is the friction factor as read from the Moody Chart DP = 533 hL = H = psi This is the oil's pressure drop over 50 miles of pipeline 1.4 hL = f L r B2 d5 Br dm 144 D P r brake horsepower = t L r S B d m h = = = = = = = = 15.050 ft C = miles = lb/ft3 Temperature of the crude oil.65 0. f = 0.900 barrels per hour.090 14. 2006 Rev: 0 Art Montemayor Example 4-17 (18th printing) o Given: Crude oil with 30 degrees API at 15. it remains constant This is the degrees API converted to density This is the density converted to Specific Gravity bbls/hr = inches cP feet 1. The pipe line is 50 miles long with discharge at an elevation of 2.406 ft This is the total head developed by the pump to pump the oil for 50 miles and raise it to an elevation of 2.406 ft This is the pressure drop converted to head loss 3.ms_office WorkSheet: Example 4-17 .xls.6 50 54.000 feet.

682 scfh = 107. Simplified Compressible Flow forumula      P' 2  P' 2  5 2 q = 114. the Panhandle formula.30 mole % C3 H8 44 4 Mixture Molecular Weight = 1.xls.186.300 psia. This is the same as a volumetric basis. Solution: (Art's Note: First and foremost.376 0.) Three solutions to this example are presented for the purpose of illustrating the variations in results obtained by use of: 1.693 q'h = Re = 10. A mole % basis is therefore assumed. this is a gross error on the part of any engineer. and. natural gas pipe line is 100 miles long.482 q h' S g dm (the pipeline internal diameter) (absolute viscosity estimated from gas graphs) (assumed friction factor for fully turbulent flow.September 30.ms_office WorkSheet: Example 4-18 .489. 21% C2H6. Schedule 20.0128 4. The gas analysis is 75% CH4. note that the basis of the gas composition is totally lacking. this problem can't be solved. the outlet pressure is 300 psia.290 f = 0. 2006 Rev: 0 Art Montemayor Example 4-18 (18th printing) Given: A 14-inch. Find: The flowrate in millions of standard cubic feet per day (MMscfd).00 21 6.011 0. from the Moody Chart) (the absolute gas temperature) (initial pipeline pressure) P'2 = 300 psia (final pipeline pressure) Lm = 100 miles (pipeline length) CH4 molecular weight 16 C2 H6 30 Component 75 MW x mole frac. The inlet pressure is 1. the Weymouth formula. 2.06 The Specific Gravity of gases is defined as the ratio of the molecular weight of the gas to that of air. the Simplified Compressible Flow forumula. MW(air) = 28.0128 500 1.300 inches cP o R psia 0.964 Sg = 0.8 MMscfd This Reynolds Number identifies the flow as fully turbulent This friction factor is equal to that of the assumed Page 32 of 276 FileName: 104773237.2  1 d f L T S  m g   ' h Re = d m f T P'1 = = = = = 13. Without a basis. and the average temperature is 40 oF. and 4% C3H8. 12. 3.76 20.

8 MMscfd Page 33 of 276 FileName: 104773237.379.1   520      T  MMscfd Panhandle formula q h' = 36 .92 q'h = 2 .520 scfh = 133.ms_office WorkSheet: Example 4-18 . Note that if the assumed friction factor were found to be incorrect. 8 E d E = 0. the correct flow rate is that calculated.575. 6182    P'  1  2    P2' Lm 2    0 . 5394 Assume a flow efficiency for average operation conditions 5.667      P' 2  P' 2  1 S L  g m 4. it would have necessary to repeat the exercise with a new assumption until the assumed friction factor was in reasonable agreement with that based upon ithe calculated Reynolds Number.0 d ' h q'h = 2.360 scfh = 2 105. Art Montemayor Weymouth formula q = 28.xls.September 30. 2006 Rev: 0 Since the assumed friction factor is correct.

ms_office WorkSheet: Example 4-19 .5 feet.371 lb/ft3 0.5 ft of water the head above the water outlet 3.September 30.6 Q r Re = dm K K K1 K = = = = K for entrance loss K for the Mitre elbow 8 fT f (L/D) K for the gate valve K for straight pipe runs K =  0 .85 1.65 d 2 3" Std.5 60 fT K2 = hL = Water @ 60o F the friction factor for fully turbulent flow in the 2" pipe this is the Beta ratio between the two pipes 0.5' 0.019 0.50 1.xls.71 4.08 0. In order to verify that the pipe flow is verily in the fully turbulent zone.33 19. Find: The flow rate in gallons per minute.31 143 This K is for the water entering from the tank into the outlet This K is for the 3" mitered elbow This K is for the 3" gate valve This K is for the 10' of 3" pipe This K is for the 20' of 2" pipe in terms of the 3" pipe This K is for the 2" exit in terms of the 3" pipe This K is for the sudden contraction from 3" to 2" This is the Total K for the system gpm This solution has assumed the pipe flow is in the fully turbulent zone and has used the corresponding fT to calculate the individual pipe Ks. The reservoir has a constant head of 11. the Reynolds Numbers must be calculated and the corresponding friction factors found and compared with the f T used. Solution: hL K Q = 19.018 0.067 inches the smaller pipe inside diameter fT = b = the absolute viscosity of water at 60 oF the density of water at 60 oF the friction factor for fully turbulent flow in the 3" pipe 1. Page 34 of 276 FileName: 104773237. gate valve.70 10.67 K = K = K1 = K = K = K = K2 = K (Total) = Q = 20' This is K for the 2" pipe in terms of the 3" pipe d1 = m = r = fT = 10' This is the K for the sudden contraction between the 3" and 2" pipes 4 f L Db4 K = 3" Sch 40 Pipe 11. 2006 Rev: 0 Art Montemayor Example 4-19 (18th printing) o Given: Water at 60 F is flowing from a reservoir through the piping system below.5 1  b 2 b  2" Sch 40 Pipe d1 1/b4 This is the K for the exit from the 2" pipe in terms of the 3" pipe 11.14 0.1211 cP 62.068 inches the large pipe inside diameter d2 = 2. wide open 50.

Therefore.xls.ms_office WorkSheet: Example 4-19 . 2006 Rev: 0 The friction factors used for the straight pipe are not in agreement with the fully turbulent flow values used in obtaining the approximate flow rate.371 0. Page 35 of 276 FileName: 104773237.021 This is the Reynolds Number for the 2" pipe This is the friction factor for flow in the 2" pipe September 30.52 This is the corrected Total K for the system Q = 138 gpm This the correct solution.83 This corrected K is for the 20' of 2" pipe in terms of the 3" pipe K (Total) = 20.020 This is the Reynolds Number for the 3" pipe This is the friction factor for flow in the 3" pipe Re = f = 194.78 This corrected K is for the 10' of 3" pipe K = 11. the K factors for the two pipes should be corrected accordingly: K = 0.953 0.Art Montemayor Re = f = 130.

785 when the system K = 11. Find: The initial flow rate in pounds per hour.710 W = 11. The initial pressure in the digester is atmospheric.September 30.914 This is the ratio of the overall pressure drop to the initial pressure From tabular data. it is seen that the maximum DP/P1 for sonic flow to exist is 0.0 K for 2" globe valve K for exit from 2" pipe into digester k = Cp/Cv = d = 2.5 K for Entrance from header K for 2".5 Y = 0.50 0. Therefore.ms_office WorkSheet: Example 4-20 . 90o Elbow 340 fT 1. from tabular data Internal diameter of 2" pipe Straight length of 2" pipe Specific volume of saturated steam at 170 psia The friction factor for fully turbulent flow in the 2" pipe The acceleration of gravity K = K = K1 = K = K = K (Total) = 0.31 11. the pressure drop for these flow conditions is: DP = 133. lb/hr This is the steam flow rate occurring at sonic conditions and is the maximum mass flow rate that can occur under these pressure conditions. 90o elbow This is the K for the 2" globe valve. Page 36 of 276 FileName: 104773237. 2006 Rev: 0 Art Montemayor Example 4-20 (18th printing) Given: A header with 170 psia saturated steam is feeding a pulp stock digester through 30 feet of 2-inch Schedule 40 pipe which includes one standard 90 degree elbow and a fully-open conventional plug type disc globe valve.84.019 g = 32.46 1. since this value is less than the calculated DP/P1. sonic ("choked") flow is taking place at the end of the 2" pipe as it enters the digester.xls. Solution: Using the Modified Darcy Formula W = 1891Y d 2 = = = = 20' Spherical Digester @ 14.776 psi This is the pressure drop that is fixed by the steam sonic flow Y net expansion factor for adiabatic flow (isenthalpic expansion) and used to compensate for the changes in fluid properties due to fluid expansion.6748 fT = 0.7 psia L D K = f K K K1 K DP KV 30 fT 0.20 1. This means that.84 This is the K for the header steam entering the 2" pipe This is the K for the 2".00 3. fully opened This is the K for the steam exiting the 2" pipe and entering the digester This is the K for the 2" pipe (assumed @ fully turbulent flow) This is the total K for the system (assuming fully turbulent flow) DP/P1 = 0. using both the modified Darcy formula and the sonic velocity and continuity equations.57 6.067 30 V =L = 2.297 inches ft ft3/lb ft/sec2 10' Ratio of specific heats for saturated steam vapor.

6 psia and 317 oF W = 11. constant.2 btu/lb The enthalpy of the saturated steam exiting the 2" pipe.6 psia psi The initial saturated steam pressure The pressure drop @ sonic conditions as developed above btu/lb The enthalpy of the saturated steam entering the 2" pipe psia This is the final (maximum) pressure that will yield sonic flow.0509V This is the Continuity equation P'1 = DP = 170 133.DH = 0.such as 14.425 ft3/lb This is the steam's specific volume at 36.653 ft/sec This is the steam's sonic velocity 36.7 psia. sonic flow will continue even though the final pressure is dropped to a lower value . by definition. the enthalpy conditions are equal on both sides of the valve . Page 37 of 276 FileName: 104773237. Therefore.197. hg = 1. the DP has been calculated assuming that 36. therefore. 2006 Rev: 0 Art Montemayor Using Sonic Velocity and Continuity Equations ' vS = W = 144 g k P2 V This is the sonic velocity for an expanded gas vd2 0.0.6 psia and H= 1. vS = 1.2 P'2 = 36.197. 12.September 30.2 but/lb The resulting temperature = 317 oF and superheated.xls.6 psia is the downstream pressure when the initial downstream pressure will be. 14.7 psia.ms_office WorkSheet: Example 4-20 . This is the same as the steam entering the pipe (DH = 0) The enthalpy of the saturated steam exiting the 2" pipe.5 hg = 1. The steam expansion that takes place across the globe valve is assumed to be adiabatic and.197.164 lb/hr V = Art's Note: The problem asks for "the initial flow rate".

686 psi Interpolated from the tabulated data for Y scfh gas flow rate measured at 60 oF & 14.700 Y d 2 K = f P'1 = f = fT = d = Sg = T1 = L = DP P1' K T1 S g 125 psig L D 139.0175 3.657 when the system K = 2.8 Y = 0.027.5 1. absolute temperature of the gas in the header.0 2.and constant.87 This is the entrance loss K This is the 3" pipe K This is the K for the exit loss out of the 3" pipe This is the K for the Total System DP/P'1 = 0. Assume that the gas's ratio of specific heats. and flow will always be in the fully turbulent range.7 psia header absolute pressure 0. length of 3" discharge pipe K = K = K = K (Total) = 0.ms_office WorkSheet: Example 4-21 .637 q'h = 1. Solution: q h' = 40. k = 1.xls.September 30.7 psia Page 38 of 276 FileName: 104773237. it is seen that the maximum DP/P1 for sonic flow to exist is 0. sonic velocity occurs at the end of the 3" pipe and the DP for the corresponding flow equation is: DP = 91.87.42 o 600 R 20 feet The Reynolds Number is not necessary to identify f since the discharged gas to the atmosphere will have a very large Re.369 1.42. Find: The flow rate in standard cubic feet per hour (scfh). a header pressure of 125 psig. in which the friction factor is a horizontal line on the Moody Chart . Since the indicated DP/P'1 is less than that calculated above.068 inches 0. 2006 Rev: 0 Art Montemayor Example 4-21 (18th printing) Given: Coke oven gas with a specific gravity of 0. the discharge pipe ID the specific gravity of the gas the initial.895 This is the ratio of the overall pressure drop to the initial pressure From tabular data. and a temperature of 140 oF is flowing through 20 feet of 3-inch Schedule 40 pipe before discharging to atmosphere.4.

Example 4-21 (pg 4-14) of Crane TP-410 includes an exit loss when calculating the equivalent length of pipe. including entrance and exit losses. 2006 Rev: 0 Art Montemayor Source: http://www. lesser the amount of fluid flow. I struggle to comprehend why this is required. Regards Page 39 of 276 FileName: 104773237. You are correct. taking the exit losses into account is important. If we are including an exit loss. My gut feeling tells me that I shouldn't include an exit loss. Given that sonic velocity occurs at the end of the line. However. All these energy losses influence the energy profile of the fluid.ms_office WorkSheet: Example 4-21 . However. Any assistance with this would be most appreciated. As such. the sonic velocity is always reached at the end of the pipe. as it will influence the amount of fluid which can flow in the pipe. Hope this helps.com/indexzz. Crane Example 4-21 is correct in computing all the losses which occur. aren't we saying that the flow is choked not at the end of the pipe.xls. Crane TP-410 example 4-21 Taran Baker Dec 1 2004 My question concerns sonic gas flow from a pipe. which are a form of energy loss. but some distance from the pipe discharge? The reason I am asking is that I am trying to calculate the reaction force from a pipeline vent. higher the losses. Hence.cheresources. I require the choked pressure at the end of the vent pipe.September 30.shtml Sonic Flow. rxnarang In adibatic flow of gas through a conduit of constant cross section. there is always energy loss involved due to friction.

xls.September 30.ms_office WorkSheet: Example 4-21 . 2006 Rev: 0 Art Montemayor Page 40 of 276 FileName: 104773237.

2006 Rev: 0 Art Montemayor However.ms_office WorkSheet: Example 4-21 . I rom the pipe n force from this would be e the energy Page 41 of 276 FileName: 104773237.xls.September 30.

This is another item that hasn't been verified. While this is more than probable.3 0.04 This is the K for the 10 feet of 1/2" pipe This is the K for the pipe exit into the atmosphere This is the Total K for the system DP/P'1 = 0.00 7.546 0.568 This is the ratio of the overall pressure drop to the initial pressure Y = 0.76 Y net expansion factor for adiabatic flow (isenthalpic expansion) and used to compensate for the changes in fluid properties due to fluid expansion. q'm = 62.7 scfm Art's Note: Note that fully turbulent flow is assumed to be occurring while the 1/2" pipe is venting to atmosphere. Find: The air flow rate in standard cubic feet per minute (scfm).xls.0 19. L D 34. 2006 Rev: 0 Art Montemayor Example 4-22 (18th printing) o Given: Air at a pressure of 19.ms_office WorkSheet: Example 4-22 . Page 42 of 276 FileName: 104773237.September 30. Solution: q m' = 678 Y d 2 K = f P'1 DP d fT L T1 = = = = = = D P P1' K T1 S g The modified Darcy flow equation for compensating for the change of fluid properties due to free.0275 10 560 psia psi inches The initial. The internal diameter of the 1/2" pipe The friction factor under fully turbulent flow The straight length of the 1/2" pipe The initial. Sub-sonic air flow is also assumed in this problem. absolute temperature of the air in the pipe ft R o K = K = K (Total) = 6.04 1. adiabatic expansion of the fluid. it hasn't been verified.3 psig and a temperature of 100 F is measured at a point 10 feet from the outlet of a 1/2-inch Schedule 80 pipe discharging to atmosphere. absolute pressure in the 1/2" pipe The pressure difference between the pipe initial pressure and atm.

September 30. Find: Solution: DP Q = 236 d C 2 1 r Re = 50.32 Dhm)^0. (this is solution "b)" ) Should the C factor prove to be incorrect for the Reynolds number based on the calculated flow. The ratio of the orifice diameter to the I.454 Dhm the differential pressure across the orifice taps d1 = 2. it must be adjusted by trial-and-error methodology until reasonable agreement is reached.0-inch diameter is installed in a 4-inch Schedule 40 pipe having a mercury manometer connected between taps located 1 diameter upstream and 0.568 Specific Gravity of Mercury at 60 oF.SW) 3 62. referred to Water at 60 oF rHg = 3 783.ms_office WorkSheet: Example 4-23 .1211 cP 73.800.4 inches. 2006 Rev: 0 Art Montemayor Example 4-23 (18th printing) Given: A square-edged orifice with 2.800 Density of Mercury underwater this is the viscosity of the 60 oF water The calculated value of C = 0. therefore.497 0.xls.625 corresponds to the calculated Reynolds Number of 73.5 This is the calibration constant and solution "a)". Page 43 of 276 FileName: 104773237.371 lb/ft Density of water at 60 oF SHg = 13.D.5 diameter downstream. o b) The flow rate of 60 F water when the mercury manometer difference is 4. referred to Water at 60 oF SW = 1.026 inches 0. the flow rate 106 gpm through the 4" pipe is verified as correct.88 lb/ft DP = 0. of the pipe Q = 50. Q = m = Re = 106 gpm 1.000 inches the orifice diameter d2 = b = C = 4.D.000 Specific Gravity of Water at 60 oF.625 the pipe's I.6 Q r dm DP = Dhm r 12144 Flow The flow equation for an orifice The Reynolds number The differential pressure across the orifice taps Dhm = the differential head in inches of Mercury (Hg) The weight density of mercury under water = rW = rW (SHg . o a) The theoretical calibration constant for the meter when used on 60 F water and for the flow range where the orifice flow coefficient C is constant.

Find: The oil flow rate in gallons per minute (gpm).D.Example 4-24 (18th printing) o Given: SAE 10 Lube Oil at 90 F is flowing through a 3-inch Schedule 40 pipe and produces 0. Solution: .4 psi pressure differential between the pipe taps of a 2.15-inch I. square-edged orifice.

Find: The discharge rate in cubic feet per second when the liquid in the reservoir has reached the maximum height indicated in the sketch below. has an absolute roughness (e) of 0. Assume the average water temperature is 60 oF.Example 4-25 (18th printing) Given: A rectangular concrete overflow aqueduct.01 foot.5 feet wide. Solution: . 25 feet high and 16. Refer to the sketch below.

Example 4-26 (18th printing) Given: A cast iron pipe is two-thirds full of steady. Solution: . Find: The water flow rate in gallons per minute (gpm). The pipe has an inside diameter of 24 inches and a slope of 3/4-inch per foot. Note the sketch below. uniform flowing water at 60 oF.

Solution: .000 pounds per hour of saturated steam. Find: The boiler capacity in both kilo Btu per hour and in boiler horsepower.Example 4-27 (18th printing) Given: A steam boiler operating at 300 psia has a maximum capacity of 100.

Find: The proper size check valve and the pressure drop with the valve installed in both vertical and horizontal positions.Example 4-6 in the 1957 (6th printing) version Given: A 600-pound steel in-line ball check valve is required in a 2-inch pipe line carrying 48 degree API crude oil at 150 oF and a rate of 37 gallons per minute. Solution: . The valve should be sized so that the disc is fully lifted under normal flow conditions.

the face-to-face dimension of the valve is 10 inches. Solution: . Find: The pressure drop through the valve.Example 4-7 in the 1957 (6th printing) version o Given: Bunker C fuel oil at 90 F is flowing through a wide open 5-inch. 150-pound steel gate valve at a rate of 400 gallons per minute.

Find: The pressure drop from Point A to Point B. at a rate of 2.Example 4-12 in the 1957 (6th printing) version Given: Saturated steam at 150 psig is flowing through a cylindrical pipe coil. as shown in the sketch below. Solution: B 30" A 3' . The coil is made of 2-inch Schedule 40 steel pipe.000 pounds per hour.

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590.635.057.1 0.3355 0.0 0.099.8 29.25 862.4480 19.001 For all pipe sizes below 3/8 0.511.2 0.2813 17.70 100.720.89 50.7 707.10 9.976 schedule.6 19.8447 65.000 0.001 identical with the forme 1/2 3/4 1 0.4 32.026 5.793.4063 1.824 0.31 826.4167 540.977.2 34.25 7.86 0.358.376 2.124 19.250 0.8542 105.350.074 Because I regard this su 24 30 24 30 0.25 3.375.1 113.4 428.ms_office WorkSheet: Pipe Tables .0 824.6042 236.2917 240.28 176.250 1.625 8.A.9063 28.312 0.205.0 114.750 0.8 82.237 0.13 0.583.133 0.806.6 3.675 0.750 2.322 0.25 2.56 841.0 81.792 FileName: 104773237.1042 1.2708 1.0874 0.895.3 7.9 137.65 230.357.14 102.1 448.900 0.0 242.000 16.19 0.797 working pressure of 350 0.0 188.9 2. is 40.380.0 0.280 0.750 14 16 18 20 24 0.1 0.39 0.13 291.1723 2.000 1.3 85.250 13.9 25.281.7 273.Art Montemayor September 30.376 1.30 0.207.0687 1.80 353.S.0075 1.00 1.831.2 54.2500 1.687 16.002 pipe.06 0.59 44.307 8.476.500 1.876 18.56 660.3 22.6 5.875.9 144.0 0.9 759.23 361.818 Eleven schedule numbe 14 14 0.3 51.1150 1.065 7.801.750 0.341.8 275.250 1.347 0.587 8 10 8.125 0.8 6.469.051 I hope this has helped yo 3 1/2 4.9375 29.500 1.1 0.562 0.308.6 37.038.5054 0.3 143.980.2 20.568.25 5.248.5 562.4 262.6726 10.73 20.2058 3.312 23.24 0.6 1.1 30.110.047 6.376 1.854.140.215.7 117.8855 Page 55 of 276 0.376 1.626 0.10 .0 1. 4.6 21.4270 1. Stainle 1 1/2 1.2 9.012 the following explanatio 4.625 0.368.2 32.750 14 16 18 20 0.68 278.076.500 1.939 1.69 Although pipe classifica found that young engine engineers are both guilty 0.1342 2.784.023 I've used the rule of thum 0.250 10.56 11. Pipe Dimensions Nominal Outside Wall Pipe Diameter Thickness Size Inches Inches Inches Inside Diameter Functions Pipe Inside Diameter Inches Feet d2 d3 (in Inches) d4 d5 in2 Commercial Wrought Steel Pipe Data 14 14 0.548 0.4 433.7 271.0208 150.292.9 389.4480 552.500 0.289 as a practicing engineer 1.250 8.92 2.52 2.85 0.500 0.04 1.789.3 1.149.53 0.021 24 30 24 30 0.4583 306.0518 0.269 0.01 28.090 13.406 0.553 1.93 370.2 298.0 0.3958 523.6 130.1 1.4 2.750 0.274.0 4.938 13.6 2.7 3.250 17.304.0 20.06 1.00 12.95 12.109 0.01 649.250 15.260.216 2.838.330 0.000 0.610 0.707 it with any one else who Schedule 20 Schedule 10 Schedule Wall Thickness .326.4 33.560 For example.8 2.321.854 or malleable-iron fitting 4.5833 146.2 3.24 225.250 12.59 4.823.840 1.777 0.94 65.050 1.42 301.6 859.643.573 American Standards As 12 12.6771 66.469 0.6 1.9 185.06 1.876 1.0 258.0 21.74 677.8 1.500 1.310 catalogs have become a 18 18 0.89 182.250 17.226 3.8 1.681.091 0.389.583.660 0.7 125. by far.6250 380.07 Schedule 40 metal lost in cutting the 4.1 508.548 0.14 16 16 0.049 0.702.3 6.375 2.5 11.97 511.723.264.250 15.00 284.315 0.2 0.0 0.140 1.360 Industrial pipe thickness 10 10.90 2.010 allowable stress.68 1.2 0.9 57.250.17 175.641.03 78.011.69 0. 16 18 20 16 18 20 0.971.0 1.442.622 0. the schedu 12 14 16 18 20 12.6 5.4 10.069 4 5 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 24 4.0 1.067 0.2 2.53 1.4 4.555.2557 4.85 111.994 fitting catalogs like Vog 1.8 6.167.3 5.1 7.10 0.875 3.562 0.500 1.47 36.7 101.3 683.0411 0.243.0 411.085.659.0937 1.375 15.563 6.40 142.004.020 11.52 0.1 894.56 3.767.078.201 0.403.4 4.355 0.375.343.07 0.xls.987.2957 12.5 1.7 8.1 24.4 1.39 0.Per ASA B36.071 0.56 293.250 0.365 0.160.246.393.3 23.6 240.277 0.014 temperatures near the cr 2 2 1/2 3 2.18 2.500 23.6 223.977.353.310.0 424.1 4. and Sch 160 is the 0.5 12.3 0.472.948 Where.5678 1.625 10.088 Art Montemayor 0.250 19.133.854.8 15.9948 1.0 0.1 2.814 22.1 91.78 63.5 744.394.375 0.4206 0.4 1.4 50.184.1 0.599 1.9 11.136 0.68 237.057.30 283.16 80.508 computed value) for iron 1/8 1/4 0.006.0 0.74 525.767.3 128.750 12. 2003 Rev: 0 Transverse Internal ("Flow") Area U.7 91.36 4.701.52 172.86 0.981 10.53 0.8 3.438 0.540 0.7 648.460.080.203 0.666.27 6.158.7 10.50 0.2 88.414.258 0.031.041.268 1.670 20 20 0.5 51.250 1.859.89 0.1250 182.506.1 106.375 0.0303 0.004 0.625 10.500 12.41 8.3 37.984.312 0.819.068 0.958 1.546.1 1.763.625 22.493 0.139 0.822.71 223.124 15.2 10.1 262.76 3.10 0.9 18.969 This would be the prope 24 30 24 30 0.929.006 Temperature has no dire 1 1/4 1.1950 Schedule 30 ft2 8 8.0 292.65 2.088 0.4 93.068 0.206.0 304.9583 29.9 140.500 5.518.1 28.033 0.0224 0.365.401.021.145 1.359.6651 0.3 55.2 408.642.405 0.1 35.2 5.375 0.7 158.409.0 2.5 3.56 232.2 6.661.227 1.312 13.52 0.364 0.8350 0.04 0.1147 178.00 402.93 135.02 536.79 7.80 137.154 0.931 2.593 0.438 0.625.316.21 25.113 0.3 6.647 2.000 2.380 0.

0678 1.9 926.65 226.0089 0.0485 0.688 17.605 8.ms_office WorkSheet: Pipe Tables .1615 1. Pipe Dimensions Schedule 120 Art Montemayor Page 56 of 276 FileName: 104773237.6 1.4532 1.630 0.34 86.6354 0.7 10.705 3861.3 212.5 5.459.750 0.593 0.3031 0.96 169.8387 164.0179 0.35 23.7970 0.614 9179.147 0.376 12.8125 61.0912 0.126 0.1 216.2678 246.2708 1.939 2.56 139.8.675 0.3184 0.1 114.875 3.900 2.2 67.849.439 9.9 29.2803 0.961.0459 0.242.375 0.2 443.06 476.062.546 0.003 1.269.718 0.62 144.747.42 22.179 0.1115 430.126 17.4011 0.563 6.501 7.7 19.036.278 1.500 4.031.68 82.4989 0.3803 0.47 129.82 30.0618 0.1 214.5776 193.07 45.512.812 3.406 0.1303 1.492.9 103.1 6.xls.8 2.20 215.750 0.281 1.66 12 12.656 0.542.6 13.13376 96.337 0.0 2.995 60571.216 3.16 0.072 0.0205 0.3438 1.519.737 14 16 18 20 24 14 16 18 20 24 0.563 5.2 1.064 10.109.064 12.500 0.7597 5.9 4.8 600.31 16.1 2.1 41.0 70094.625 8.750 12.563 6.64 122.755 2.0617 0.500 14.0 6.8 61.0 172.0889 0.3171 0.0 1.6 625.801.059567 1.0 33.500 1.5 915.767 2.234 0.218 0.8765 2.398.896 1.5506 0.4948 1.833 43.968 12.1065 0.16 33.01 0.7281 128.9 3.8 4.000 20.741.118 1.564 0.268 1.375.0025 0.4848 152.432 0.1250 0.761 1.0838 438.781.5991 0.24 252.480.94 74.230.9559 262172.2 305.229.215 0.801978 1.978.419.3020 0.531 7.726.0005 0.7 2.0462 0.2 9.617.8 25.2981 0.904.314 16.168.8 24.82 2.59 64.0099 0.980.0275 0.5 3.302 0.7970 0.7448 55.3188 0.922 1.1133 304.3 1.2240 1.276 0.19 58.6 106.050 1.08 0.006 2707.0417 1.775.0399 194.037.564 11.750 12.44 213.6 95.953 4.7 807.625 9.090.114 0.8 819.6466 205.1936 0.14 91.6980 13.18 47.6 143.264 Schedule 60 8 10 Schedule 80 September 30.625 10.4 18.4 824.0010 0.7 172.4087 67.000 4.688 16.749. 2003 Rev: 0 0.913 526020.0105 1.189 9.57 183.500 5.9 190.1204 70.742 0.315 1.812 0.813 0.1616 0.00 415.0 166.2249 0.178.1 1.141 0.624 4.1 1.624.0873 3.500 18.8027 3.41 156.6 47.3750 7.3073 1.5 191.177 1.984 192194.05225 165790.375 1.0030 0.540 0.5313 1.418 1.84 101.26 51.0625 14.250 17.7506 122.857.3 8.472.7 1.562 11.7762 0.582.536 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 24 8.432 0.6199 0.64 23.648.981.0533 950250.248.9 230.354.448 0.069 56.194 26.843 0.938 0.375 2.238 6.2417 0.913.953.026 5302.72 160.7553 0.1 1.719 1.937 1.1263 0.778 92466.165 0.500 0.497 18.857.0 3.66 71.101.72 365.813 5.2 10.1 459.072 0.218 1.625 10.725 37739.655 1/8 1/4 3/8 1/2 3/4 1 1 1/4 1 1/2 2 2 1/2 3 3 1/2 4 5 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 24 0.518 Schedule 100 U.521.367 1783.119 0.2 0.25 204.A.1810 0.25 337.495.798.1789 0.4092 7.8 16.662.485 1.0123 0.0 8.376 22.318 0.026.671.8522 1.840 1.750 0.32 14.65852 2.667654 0.6 74.364 3.5 3.6511 9.14224 115.750 0.191 0.S.7 0.625 10.564 15.500 5.593 0.3963 8.98 326.4 19.4584 0.500 7.0 5.771.036 0.3 128.92 204.0005 0.120.82 265.4 54.0016 0.8958 0.376 0.126 13.626 0.5357 24.21 382.6676 5.093 1.6 4.324.2500 3.9 2.35 0.1355 29.9 10.593 0.1628 0.3911 4 5 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 24 4.222.405 0.4 0.0 80.0548 1612439.218 0.13 20.366.473151 0.46 68.562.0320 0.826 4.27 4024166.104.77 40.56 289.74 272.500 1.7 1.0294 0.625 10.842 2.76 109.98 232.4801 0.1928 1.938 15.8 1.095.064 1.7 6.2 26.314 11.9480 1.6333 2.000 1.957 1.546.201.938 21.345.027.136.9845 1.095 0.323 2.9951 1354.993.50 182.937 1.438 0.175.8269 344.414.0 236.4085 0.721 21620.156 1.193.4121 147.900 3.3750 1.3 874.814 13.9688 135.0 3.0757 0.4 7525.932.297 238.438 20.0003 0.205.0050 0.0252 0.5 371.3890 38.2901 12.3 83.5 433.9158 1.537.53 90.282 0.750 14 16 18 20 24 0.0135 0.34234 1.16 1.21 0.1 88.3998 411.342.113.843 1.5 744.750 14 16 18 20 24 0.660 1.154 0.8388 2.814 14.085.0 111.68 486.761 7.750 14 16 18 20 24 0.888 11.0021 0.576 2.380.133.687 0.423 0.1 5.0353 0.04 95.562 0.333 0.843 0.200 0.5 683.4167 1.77 465.625 8.6659 14984.7058 0.4100 11.05 321.718 0.0798 0.3 536.300 0.2 46.523.750 11.8 345.019.750 12.750 0.0455 0.302 0.0798 0.031 1.5938 27.283 1.480.0083 0.89 260.031 1.16 115.571.8 4.

864 1.8350 1.0224 0.660 1.3594 0.226 0.660 1.0 0.1 525.41 9.292.818 37.75 10.145 0.8 508.6095 0.057.3553 0.0967 0.307 0.6 1.46 56.38 0.8 0.750 12.7 65.050 1.4 10.559 0.0884 0.260.812 1.01 76.30 0.064 0.120.55 5.4 1.020 12.3 128.625 0.0233 0.85 4.667.211 3.814 14.068.135.1 20.975.1325 0.9 44.069.6 223.906 1.237 0.14 63.006 28.047 6.531 0.4 0.819.0013 0.8447 0.17 164.22 0.0021 0.3039 0.9323 1.010 0.109 0.46 258.781 1. 2003 Rev: 0 0.0 2.628 4.6 158.548 4.025 0.145.0104 0.000 0.5 627.062 7.338 1.313 5.0037 0.8 44.513.1198 0.72 202.113 0.824 1.ms_office WorkSheet: Pipe Tables .35 1.492.750 271.0518 0.17 144.2 21.719 18.492.3474 0.0 3.5 5.2 43.161 88.75 12.102.188 12.2058 0.0 FileName: 104773237.610 2.124 14.52 1.750 2.0007 0.832.438 16.2397 1.6 15.365 0.0679 0.000 1.490.204.625 8.2 8.330 0.343 0.05 373.0874 0.016 0.038.0937 1.312 1.0512 0.861.666.790.21 25.1 40.625 10.001 0.900 2.625S 10.0 51.876 0.627 6.8438 0.96 163.496 2.54 125.272 6.689 2.601 0.2187 0.407 2.9 1.904 2.7 648.058.41 12.250 1.3 13.2557 0.625 8.628.728.206.24 3.500 11.0 14.66 1.59 103.480.624 3.xls.5 1.590.0064 0.56 110.004.036 3.82 18.540 0.187 0.890 51.1497 0.0000 0.625 8.28 Schedule 160 Art Montemayor 1/2 3/4 1 1 1/4 1 1/2 2 2 1/2 3 4 5 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 24 0.4 1.250 0.274.0 0.28 173.126 11.52 6.678.3750 1.4 5.375 2.162 50.718 0.5834 0.248.022.75 10.0060 0.207 1.7 346.064 19.353.5 38.154 2.051 28.4324 0.375 0.971.75S 12.8 9.8750 0.896 1.3869 0.007 0.2 10.1 4.981 10.500 10.0291 0.0931 0.2 248.93 46.5 101.28 14.292.563 6.1 32.005 10.854 114.30 272.4 3.469 3.125 1.157.8493 0.400.038 0.001 8.6651 0.6 74.151.00 0.370.1 17.4 2.386.8 12.625 10.067 2.0513 0.4610 1.80 113.89 11.0 1.4 48.068 3.6 18.47 36.0687 0.9 127.394 0.2957 0.622 0.0591 0.1 1.7083 0.203 0.2 1.15 36.216 0.5054 0.438 1.0 Page 57 of 276 0.502.220.088 0.5 3.136 10.155.0687 0.0332 0.03 0.1 10.875 3.2 10.2 1.20 208.4 4.406 1.091 0.154.090 12.5678 0.269 0.2 201.1342 0.304.1 29.160 1.6790 1.0 2.027 81.8 66.5666 0.7 109.267 0.8 16.277 0.968 2.0303 0.7 3.25 132.4 1.9 139.840 1.88 102.080.815 1.0 725.2 1.520.A.125 1.67 292.750 12.1115 0.2 139.7 4.0 4.730 20.98 0.74 100.315 1.0195 0.009.6563 49.0004 0.8 562.035 0.59 16.0 258.279 0.60 26.691 78.10 0.3799 1.1 0.06 1.438 0.675 0.562 1.7 43.0388 0.004 0.7 389.4206 0.314 0.3 1.13 86.322 0.7292 0.1 2.5 1.065 8.25 102.364 0.767.25 395.961.0014 0.1 669.563 6.5 262.315 1.592 4.840 1.365.137 1.5 106.125 2.79 2.4 4.380.405 0.104.189 6.578.3 124.0176 0.4 139.4 2.147 0.500 5.1 4.8 106.8 3.254 37.2430 0.243.0724 0.0678 1.8 1.133 0.614 0.50 60.0 0.343 0.4 34.218 0.1909 0.1 156.270 5.1150 0.788 7.750 14 16 18 20 24 0.S.2865 0.6726 0.8 175.42 72.7 316.1408 0.593 1.887 12.September 30.9 2.876 16.17 0.402.25 172.2032 1.981.173 8.281 0.002 0.2 0.683 0.7972 0.4 47.049 1.7854 Standard Wall Pipe (Similar to Schedule 40) 1/8 1/4 3/8 1/2 3/4 1 1 1/4 1 1/2 2 2 1/2 3 3 1/2 4 5 6 8 10 12 0.4 480.460.096 9.1 20.9 26.100 1.585 80.53 98.736.750 14 16 18 20 24 0.006.068 0.1 7.06 343.050 1.31 128.341.0052 0.0 3.485 2.500 19.5476 0.253 0.80 213.380 1.0411 0.7 1.2 614.000 4.61 21.75 80.500 13.852.290.101 0.7 0.813 8.280 0.831 15.140 0.3 7.155 Schedule 140 U.716.3 1.3387 1.5333 0.9583 1.393 9. Pipe Dimensions 8 10 12 14 16 18 20 24 8.500 4.87 135.041.939 1.9 728.40 146.762.222.2006 0.071 7.500 4.731 91.250 0.0568 0.6 2.375 2.466 0.1771 0.493 0.418 0.721 0.500 5.3355 0.750 10.41 2.687.026 5.1389 0.356 4.900 2.1041 0.1723 0.70 103.1 0.5595 1.0141 0.1 345.875 3.453.192 10.7 8.057.1 0.375 0.6 80.987.438 4.0075 1.5604 0.24 221.555.78 65.82 310.2406 0.258 0.0482 0.154 0.75S 0.

43 0. 2003 Rev: 0 U.464 5.339 11.250 3.1558 0.625 10.760 5.645 1.000 4.xls.880 37.136 29.631 0.3 31.6 223.4 152.154 0.1 0.27 0.7530 0.972 5.315 19.3031 0.179 0.375 2. Pipe Dimensions Extra Strong Wall Pipe (Similar to Schedule 80) 1/8 1/4 3/8 1/2 3/4 1 1 1/4 1 1/2 2 2 1/2 3 3 1/2 4 5 6 8 10 12 0.245 2.957 1.0027 0.334 3.1308 0.438 0.400 0.920 1.0499 0.364 3.300 2.2627 0.9 828.625 8.3 536.14 95.796.278 1.0635 0.611 7.375 0.0365 0.0154 0.2 2.2417 0.3195 0.4454 0.98 47.864 0.147 0.969.500 5.0618 0.0010 0.7 0.497 18.061.0044 0.840 1.4 151.315 1.4 98.0016 0.380.845 7.2 1.065 0.2 Page 58 of 276 0.552 0.318 0.6 1.0459 0.75 0.103 1.191 0.1884 0.405 0.083 0.0050 0.0355 0.0 111.119 0.0462 0.375 2.75 12.900 2.0046 0.0802 0.0179 0.7164 1.0294 0.109 0.64 23.0010 0.674 0.3 67.953 4.065 0.0021 0.1 56.750 0.0353 0.0123 0.7 272.036.283 1.1275 0.7 1.0003 0.8 2.2 1.0089 0.625 8.027 145.8 819.500 0.215 0.063 4.0912 0.87 154.888 11.3 12.70 18.0988 0.000 4.730 11.7 6.100 1.950 1.0 88.0485 0.500 5.0289 0.660 1.3 41.834 37.0592 0.605 8.1 352.710 0.803 3.0817 0.70 0.8125 0.126 0.839 2.2239 0.1789 0.373 57.2541 0.660 1.0542 0.933.000 4.1 311.44 9.816.1065 0.3 FileName: 104773237.4011 0.A.4 81.2341 0.0900 0.8464 1.2578 0.1 1.4081 0.0040 0.396 8.0123 0.29 7.6591 2.S.302 0.152 4.331 3.2249 0.4 325.5185 0.834 4.500 4.1 430.345 6.438 32.32 14.06 138.1616 0.276 0.0320 0.41 11.109.1936 0.050 1.4801 0.900 3.0210 0.500 0.0252 0.384 17.0077 0.600 0.555 12.0275 0.1 15.0767 0.764 8.252 0.434 0.337 8.129 0.563 6.0025 0.900 2.664 74.1 56.1917 0.500 0.5339 0.0205 0.109 0.545 14.563 6.290 12.083 0.7 126.660 1.719 1.0917 0.083 0.240 55.500 5.Art Montemayor September 30.803 1.7 128.259 3.1 4.540 0.1871 0.065 0.9 1.0 Stainless Steel Pipe (Schedule 5S) 1/2 3/4 1 1 1/4 1 1/2 2 2 1/2 3 3 1/2 4 5 6 8 10 12 0.05 70.582 5.7 263.155 5.622.75 0.897 6.775.647 205.750 11.750 0.0010 0.875 3.670 17.0798 0.837 28.5 10.599 0.625 9.995.577 1.94 16.16 33.120 70.7787 1.633 2.958 5.3 9.0020 0.636 0.924.685.3 0.107.5729 0.5 3.0757 0.537.8735 1.875 0.2803 0.682.51 23.897 411.770 2.156 0.875 3.0362 0.563 6.4 38.323 2.5 191.2 20.1250 0.362.875 3.529.1628 0.1804 0.375 7.9 297.0171 0.0128 0.359 0.0499 0.300 0.1475 0.095 0.8 816.3855 0.422 64.545 11.3612 0.3386 0.436 0.767 2.0275 0.840 1.0455 0.6354 0.040 7.341 3.294 121.0005 0.536 24.0030 0.916 1.282 0.1479 0.1263 0.3579 0.050 1.234.500 4.2 0.8438 Double Extra Strong Wall Pipe (Similar to Schedules > 80) 1/2 3/4 1 1 1/4 1 1/2 2 2 1/2 3 3 1/2 4 5 6 8 0.896 1.215 0.0798 0.0171 0.68 109.1 4.500 4.345.0003 0.0889 0.625 10.432 0.813 5.0716 0.402 53.719 1.761 7.0 0.2778 0.218 0.771 2.826 4.133 5.382 0.3 926.065 0.0135 0.109 0.122 0.4085 0.2258 0.662 108.503 1.0617 0.151.194 26.875 0.2273 0.482 12.423 0.185 1.0 55.728 3.136 5.359.0099 0.0066 0.900 2.407 8.7006 0.404 2.582.409 7.839 2.0083 0.063 14.995.840 1.1 2.337 0.876 2.78 28.0005 0.101.753 22.6 216.50 0.742 0.238 6.709 3.625 8.395 5.510 86.077 0.625 0.ms_office WorkSheet: Pipe Tables .06 0.4324 0.294 0.315 1.594 27.480 9.57 41.9 19.5 575.675 0.1 117.3959 0.375 2.1810 0.134 0.103 9.4 1.75 12.5993 0.0 594.1405 0.050 1.065 0.210 2.1024 0.409 67.315 1.19 58.9792 0.8 25.083 0.065 0.087 3.815 25.407 10.463 4.308 0.3171 0.2981 0.1 214.12 14.530 1.334 5.0363 0.500 1.965 18.1476 0.9 23.546 0.3188 0.664 3.803 12.0606 0.461 3.0406 0.067 45.358 0.2 443.0160 0.0747 0.5041 0.0400 0.1253 0.856 123.0 0.939 2.668 5.071.774 2.200 0.6648 1.5506 0.

0342 0. size for size.2333 0.0289 0.2064 0.625 8.4543 0.1619 0.0562 0.0 0.065 0.0116 0.065 0.260 3.633 2.633.682 2.1 1.463 46.998 4.5 1.0027 0.253 22.3062 0.020 31.5398 1.57 0.162.500 5.1402 0.4413 0.3 0.0454 0.3133 0.9 199.S.0481 0.315 1.3568 0.739 54. 2003 Rev: 0 U.222 3.083 0.902.A.625 10.134 0.0379 0.5 256.1320 0.0942 0.0256 0.6908 1.165 0.109 0.589 6.375 2.0025 0.14 18.4 1.410 0.403.3 786.4 122.000 4.295 34.3 148.0 0.0737 0.654 5. and 12-inch sizes).0066 0.51 0.3784 0.329 10.357 8.109 0.1 4.0154 0. as those shown above on the Standard Wall Pipe Table (heaviest weight on 8.660 1.485 85.63 14.04 40.2204 0.050 1. Stainless Steel Pipe Schedule 80S values are the same.840 1.453 8.420 12.157 2.0089 0.2 77.545 0.448 4.6138 0.0771 0.208 112.1798 0.5 40. as those shown above on the Extra Strong Pipe Table.5298 0.1681 0.6 53.2 751.9 329. Pipe Dimensions Stainless Steel Pipe (Schedule 10S) 1/8 1/4 3/8 1/2 3/4 1 1 1/4 1 1/2 2 2 1/2 3 3 1/2 4 5 6 8 10 12 0.0113 0.307 0.120 0.563 6.276 120.xls.693 127.982.58 153.9 577.759 10.0689 0.900 2.829 4.0254 0.Art Montemayor September 30.083.049 0.635 3.120 0.788.0043 0.7815 1.760 4.8683 1.0580 0.1202 0.884 1.812.839.131.324 8.3550 0.ms_office WorkSheet: Pipe Tables .347 11.1529 0.036 18.134 0.405 0.2970 0.148 0.109 0.75 0.109 0.260 5.647 48.0882 0.120 0.0990 0. 10.5922 0.945 1.1391 0.3 10.875 3.0325 0.8 23.7 291.097 1.203 2.653 6.0005 0. size for size.540 0.675 0.566.0016 0.674 0.120 0.0914 0.6107 1.2717 0.180 0.75 12.15 28.295 6.381.0740 0.8373 Note: Stainless Steel Pipe Schedule 40S values are the same.442 1. Page 59 of 276 FileName: 104773237.6941 0.0283 0.8 1.320 2.5 11.0 4.104 14.500 4.079 2.41 69.029 368.37 108.2196 0.390 0.004 21.943 10.0009 0.235 13.083 0.

For all pipe sizes below 10". The schedule number is defined as the approximate value of the expression: Schedule Number = (1. by far. except as it either weakens (or strengthens) the material's allowable stress. Walworth. 100.A. 120. the stronger it is at the lower temperatures. 40. 60. yield a stronger allowable stress at the low temperatures near the cryogenic zone (-50 to -150 oF).000)(350/10. 120. Art Montemayor Page 60 of 276 FileName: 104773237. Now. Pipe Dimensions May 8. 10. 20. Eleven schedule numbers are available for use: 5. I have found that young engineers are lacking this information because both academic professors and we experienced engineers are both guilty of not passing on the information which used to be common and available when piping and fitting catalogs like Vogt. 60. Stainless steels (304ELC & 316ELC). 100. There is no equivalent schedule number for “double-extra-strong” pipe. 30.Art Montemayor September 30. used to be freely available to us. I've used the rule of thumb that the softer the metal.the American National Standards Institute. Tube Turns.ms_office WorkSheet: Pipe Tables . Copper and Brass also exhibit the same behavior. & 160. and Sch 80 is identical with the former “extra-strong” pipe. Temperature has no direct bearing on the schedule.000 psi for use at a working pressure of 350 psig would be: Schedule Number = (1. 140. Sch 40 pipe is identical with what was once called “standard” pipe.xls.000) = 35 (approx. I hope this has helped you in explaining how pipe is classified. the schedule number of ordinary steel pipe having an allowable stress of 10. For example. The most popular schedule. some years back I prepared the following explanation for young engineers working under me and with me in plant projects. for example. psig S = the allowable stress (psi) for the material of construction at the conditions of use. if ever been employed by myself in over 40 years as a practicing engineer. 2003 Rev: 0 U. is 40. In practice. The higher schedule is required because of weaknesses in the iron fittings and the metal lost in cutting the threads.S. and Sch 160 is the only other weight in which pipe smaller than 4" is available. expressed as the “schedule number” as established by the American Standards Association (ASA) now re-organized as ANSI . Sch 5. 80. 40) This would be the proper schedule for welded joints and steel fittings but not for threaded connections and cast-iron or malleable-iron fittings. I would like to share it with any one else who hasn't had the opportunity to find out this logical explanation of how pipe is classified. & 140 have rarely. etc. these valuable free catalogs have become a thing of the past… Because I regard this subject as very basic and important for all engineers to dominate. Industrial pipe thicknesses follow a set formula. 2003 Although pipe classification is common knowledge that is taken for granted among a lot of us old engineers. schedule 40 would be used for welded construction and Sch 80 (about 2x the computed value) for iron fittings.000)(P/S) P = the internal working pressure.

00053 0.00024 0.00557 0.874 15.677 0.00668 1.0001337 0.00312 0.0004010 0.00223 0.902 0.791 12.9 1.0000891 0.387 0.02 0.5 7.339 0.00213 0.31701 0. D.0001782 0.8 1/4 Inch Schedule 40 Steel Pipe I.166 7.903 0.4 69.12383 24.00124 0.0004456 0.903 0.00317 1.37821 0.00290 0.6 1. D.00178 0.0002228 0.00037 0.08 0. ft per V2/2g V ft/sec 100' pipe ft 0.850 0.645 6.700 4.03096 1.0 1.162 11.087 0.0001114 0.032 10.617 0.0002674 0.14774 0.0201 0.258 0.00178 0.0 105 148 0.3 .516 5.226 0.3 0.555 0.00356 0.0000446 0.952 0.542 0.129 0.004950 hf.4 4.00201 0.550 6.771 0.00095 0.00134 0.8 0.0 122 164 2.233 0.006690 Water Flowrate hf.98130 212 265 324 4.0003565 0.7 1.00971 1.000891 0.2 1.0123 3.0 0.062 0.01605 2.07925 16.25 0.0003119 0.432 0.565 0.5 9.416 1.543 0.249 0. = 0.630 0.5 4.815 0.247 0.12 0.493 0.0145 0.02364 3.933 5.17832 33.282 0.359 0.1 26.04 0.71327 0.40121 0.466 2.123 0.99171 3.810 0.07239 19.2 56.308 0.154 0.4 71.36382 2.16 0.0078 0.083 3.00267 0.6 0.00020 0.332 13.0178 6.0089 0.59096 0.0 9.5 8.823 0.174 1.0189 0.20 0.790 0.8 2.0 6.06 0.0 2.2 3.5 3.272 0.8 3.03693 1.24271 44.411 0.000668 0.28957 12.69347 200 259 326 398 0.6 2.00378 0.7 0.081 5.18 0.717 Transition To Turbulent Flow 1.4 0.05319 7.016 0.14 0.291 1.26804 1.5 5.5 0.0100 0.00401 0.00111 0.5 0.7 2.452 0.49533 0.0111 0.370 0.2 2. ft per V2/2g V ft/sec CFS GPM 100' pipe ft 0.01981 2.0134 0.Nominal Pipe Size: 1/8 Inch Schedule 40 Steel Pipe I.10 0.113 0.0 9.7 0.0212 8.00713 1. = 0.00495 1.316 0.203 0.6 87.11967 0.00923 1.775 3.60486 1.000557 0.04458 9.32965 45.09455 0.21274 0.92337 1.405 0.00591 0.0 5.158 0.0 4.3640 inches (e/D) = 0.00479 0.00006 0.445 1.0167 0.2690 inches (e/D) = 0.00148 0.708 9.00446 0.694 0.5 10.00156 0.0 7.7 35.774 7.80980 2.47867 0.00079 0.97084 57.05 0.0156 0.185 0.01268 2.013 Transition To Turbulent Flow 1.

267 0.0758 0.123 44 46 48 50 55 0.0290 0.446 170 180 190 200 .1114 0.379 0.0334 0.312 0.0401 0.1025 0.0423 0.0379 0.156 0.0713 24 26 28 30 32 0.0535 0.423 0.290 0.223 0.0.0936 34 36 38 40 42 0.401 0.134 0.245 85 90 95 100 110 0.167 0.0312 0.0891 0.0668 0.145 0.178 60 65 70 75 80 0.356 120 130 140 150 160 0.0579 0.0267 0.0223 0.0490 17 18 19 20 22 0.0245 10 11 0.0802 0.201 0.212 0.189 0.0624 0.1069 0.0980 0.0356 12 13 14 15 16 0.0446 0.334 0.0847 0.

490 220 0.500 2.56 3.600 2.23 2.535 0.67 1.500 1.02 2.80 8.500 3.13 2.0.35 7.780 240 260 280 300 350 0.100 1.200 2.24 3.02 8.68 4.12 5.891 1.01 4.01 2.668 0.624 0.200 5.300 2.100 3.56 1.79 1.700 4.23 1.400 1.57 5.000 2.34 3.68 6.90 3.000 1.24 6.45 1.900 2.400 2.12 3.79 6.700 .579 0.400 3.600 3.78 1.300 1.800 2.200 7.46 6.90 1.900 3.000 3.35 5.34 400 450 500 550 600 1.300 3.67 900 950 1.46 4.58 7.700 6.45 2.114 1.89 650 700 750 800 850 2.800 1.100 2.003 1.12 2.600 1.23 4.91 7.

13 9.47 4.000 16.2 33.6 37.500 10.000 19.000 14.000 40.7 17.900 5.3 75.4 4.3 44.0 53.9 13.000 29.000 24.000 7.0 36.8.000 28.03 10.69 10.500 4.000 17.3 24.500 8.3 13.2 22.200 9.000 30.8 18.800 3.000 34.000 80.47 8.000 12.8 26.800 4.000 22.500 6.69 8.600 4.25 10.36 3.80 10.000 32.1 93.000 4.900 4.000 9.2 84.000 8.9 6.7 89.6 49.92 11.000 14.100 4.000 40.58 9.500 7.6 98.4 66.6 16.9 62.4 35.0 31.8 71.5 26.500 20.000 42.700 10.000 15.5 18.000 .7 9.14 12.400 4.300 4.91 9.000 44.1 42.000 57.000 5.1 21.000 20.5 15.000 38.000 11.

000 110.000 401 423 446 468 490 180.000 80.005 900.000 250.102.000 145 156 167 178 189 65.000 75.000 550.000.000 85.003 1.000 2.782 1.000 Basic Data: Re = 10.000 300.000 512 535 557 668 780 230.000 2.736 .000 48.000 200.000 210.000 201 212 223 245 267 90.000 240.117 950.560 1.114 1.000 450.000 220.894 650.000 1.671 1.228 1.337 400.4 123 134 46.5 106.000 120.000 750.000 290 312 334 356 379 130.448 1.000 50.000 700.000 350.000 70.468 Re = 7.9 111.000 190.000 2.000 800.000 100.000 160.000 55.000 60.000 850.225 1.000 170.000 891 1.000 600.000 150.000 500.000 140.000 95.

797 ft/sec (or Less) For Critical Zone Flow: V = 1. lb / ft 3 m = vis cos ity.157 ft/sec (or Less) dvr Re = 123.5 ft water For Laminar Flow: V = 0.04 88.371 hL = 0. d = pipe ID .1211 e. lb/ft3 f = 62.00015 For Laminar Flow: Pipe is clean & new V = 1.594 ft/sec (or Less) .079 ft/sec (or Less) Pipe length. cP f = hL = 0.04 19. ft / sec r = density .4 ft water Viscosity. feet = 0. inches v = velocity.Water is at 60 oF Density. cP 1.9 m where.ft= 100 For Critical Zone Flow: V = 2.

11240 0.22 4.08 10.276 0.89 4.0144 0.067 0.03 3.88 6.21 4.85498 2.351 0.0111 0.5 62.28 5.50 1.672 0.00395 0.0900 0.084 0.03556 0.74 0.170 3.75 5.8 30.58058 1.20 5.01581 0.456 0.212 0.168 0.61 3.9 5.336 0. ft per V2/2g V ft/sec 100' pipe ft 0.0352 0.92 8.433 0.08605 2.002890 V hf.0444 0.0182 0.15134 2.0506 0. ft per V2/2g ft/sec 100' pipe ft 1.46965 2.41 5.01 3.69 1.00011 0.524 13.0250 0.14225 0.420 0.11 2.24 1/2 Inch Schedule 40 Steel Pipe I.17 0.40 1.00028 0.81 0.87 8.31 0.01098 0. D.00176 0.06322 0.68 2.0225 0.00810 0.39 7.97 9.04 0.0689 0.3 25.36 4.00086 0.00002 0.34 6.64 3.6 31.8 .27 1.61 13.316 0.69 3.80 2.77 12.4 83.86 7.11 5.508 1.30 4. ft per V2/2g ft/sec 100' pipe ft 3/4 Inch Schedule 40 Steel Pipe I.840 1.360 8.96241 231 258 286 2.16 10.034 0.21 1.260 4.950 1.303 0.53783 0.56 70.21 5.13 15.32 6.4930 inches (e/D) = 0.17562 0. D.35 0.86 15.03 1. D.00007 0.0561 0.0173 0.134 0.624 0. = 0.277 0.09762 1.6220 inches (e/D) = 0.9 2.70 4.02 2.00063 0.29 15. = 0.27441 0.80991 118 137 158 181 205 14.842 0.0140 0.238 0.72 0.50 10.02810 0.0693 0.88907 1.51 1.0 18.3 17.01 1.01103 0.1 21.4 48.00142 0.083 1.6 54.739 0.732 0.74 0.1083 0.00274 0.0085 0.18 0.9 68.101 0.00016 0.48 0.3/8 Inch Schedule 40 Steel Pipe I.11 2.70248 0.235 0.0340 1.3 86.849 0.00563 0.92 11.34 1.72 7.7 55.40 9.114 0.203 0.0 0.7 3.002180 V hf.963 1.51 4.30 0.41 2.06 1.32812 42.722 0.156 0.39514 5.00702 0.97 3.04390 0.8240 inches (e/D) = 0.21 6.17213 3.5 100 3.81 10.269 0.20 1.25 1.5 42.55629 3.0 22.202 0.80 0.3 78.504 0.56 8.602 0.109 36.406 0.91 4.00112 0.71 3.00044 0.975 1.141 0.45 0.8 1.78 7.8 15.90 2.003650 hf.845 0.45 1. = 0.02151 1.50 11.

8 18.02 9.41 5.8 2.0 86.2 1.93 3.81 4.4 12.03 2.39049 316 10.22 7.6 16.4 15.1 104 14.27 1.7 14.0 13.24 3.23 10.82 2.63 0.56 11.1 70.6 1.42 9.3 10.82 8.7 13.8 11.02 6.73 2.6 37.06 122 143 164 187 .3 78.9 115 6.103 1.62 0.16.0 3.6 12.80 4.8 15.25 2.10 95.681 23.7 56.44 32.63 1.0 27.5 49.72 63.563 0.90 136 159 183 209 7.8 43.50 2.40 3.951 1.810 0.

.

.

712 Re = 4.Re = 5.527 Re = 3.417 .

352 ft/sec (or Less) For Critical Zone Flow: V = 1.3 ft water f = hL = 0.589 ft/sec (or Less) For Laminar Flow: V = 0.177 ft/sec (or Less) For Critical Zone Flow: V = 0.3 ft water For Laminar Flow: V = 0.466 ft/sec (or Less) For Laminar Flow: V = 0.04 4.04 1.04 0.f = hL = 0.933 ft/sec (or Less) For Critical Zone Flow: V = 0.3 ft water f = hL = 0.704 ft/sec (or Less) .

173 0.001300 V hf.00420 Transition To Turbulent Flow 0.42 1.04 0.102 0.386 0.01168 0.00876 0.823 1.928 0.342 0.0257 0.668 0. D.00154 0.445 0.001720 V hf.0262 0.536 0.78 2.26 0.0302 0.520 0.0648 2.01144 0. = 1.0402 0.1 Inch Schedule 40 Steel Pipe I.137 3.287 1.742 0.0771 0.01788 0.34 1.024 1.01448 0.86 2.00232 0. = 1.0343 0.609 1.0163 0.630 0.0139 0.300 0.00782 0.552 0.0579 0.02163 1.00183 0.00099 0.295 1.193 1.50 0.0350 0.788 0.6100 (e/D) = 0.00241 0.709 0.16 3. D.00308 0.0905 0.0490 inches (e/D) = 0.207 1.394 1.56 4.34 3.180 0.704 0.0217 0.18 1.429 0.0348 . = 1.00140 Transition To Turbulent Flow 0.120 0.867 0.343 0.155 0.594 0.3800 inches (e/D) = 0.114 0.00694 0.48 1.46 1-1/2 Inch Schedule 40 Steel Pipe I.038 0.00347 0.23 2.931 2.68 3.379 0.965 1.00447 0.508 0.299 1.0645 0.00857 0.858 0.67 1.00214 0.53 0. ft per V2/2g ft/sec 100' pipe ft 0.502 1.00076 Transition To Turbulent Flow 0.371 0.473 0.00125 0.93 2.00473 0.644 0.930 1.751 0.073 1.284 0.65 0.0313 0.00286 0.772 0.315 0. ft per V2/2g ft/sec 100' pipe ft 1-1/4 Inch Schedule 40 Steel Pipe I.001120 V V2/2g ft/sec ft 0.182 1.221 0.0279 0.394 0.00965 0.716 0.41 2.0458 1.54 5.252 0.946 1.0247 1.97 0.00548 0. D.01339 1.103 1.60 2.0189 0.0517 0.1050 0.114 0.00618 0.0535 0.01928 0.00644 0.0434 0.

48 114 124 135 146 176 9.290 4.003 3.943 15.112 0.1 30.6 1.57 8.438 9.8 17.3 24.50 4.222 0.644 0.0715 0.88 26.362 0.420 0.2 15.17 22.9 20.0 15.2 112 124 138 166 13.65 100.2 5.2 30.8 5.207 0.293 7.39 1.78 4.9 1.24 11.5 7.305 20.303 0.62 2.450 23.4 4.151 8.6 3.789 3.17 0.62 0.1 197 230 267 306 18.43 3.1 15.8 18.79 2.557 0.296 10.148 5.05 2.93 5.681 16.79 3.412 0.94 0.432 0.63 1.4 14.286 0.23 1.1 14.84 2.1 14.69 9.78 69.103 0.36 5.8 16.7 7.1 23.0 43.83 5.548 9.4 12.22 .187 8.965 1.6 68.0757 0.48 3.7 33.139 0.48 1.48 2.67 5.033 1.16 28.0988 6.68 1.8 5.5 20.36 2.15 3.259 6.2 9.35 6.218 3.574 2.52 7.92 10.47 31.19 35.232 0.31 6.67 25.1 17.360 0.7 89.5 22.6 25.037 25.30 6.773 0.160 2.2 6.39 11.56 6.53 4.927 1.47 0.3 19.50 12.17 2.68 7.6 13.580 9.3 17.5 11.89 2.34 7.4 77.99 6.140 0.861 4.088 17.0 27.15 4.121 0.58 2.725 11.6 20.3.3 23.13 3.65 1.57 3.28 4.154 0.73 5.2 21.42 8.006 6.483 0.16 12.308 0.56 7.93 7.0 59.57 5.0869 0.15 8.889 0.7 209 245 283 324 367 12.798 1.6 13.02 4.0386 0.0652 0.03 11.435 6.740 27.009 0.8 28.9 15.0 13.25 7.4 413 462 513 567 18.500 0.347 0.0 16.68 2.175 10.3 21.030 32.395 12.857 1.577 6.05 7.4 35.647 3.827 0.3 37.8 29.3 2.015 16.6 41.747 0.125 0.2 19.77 1.20 5.6 2.46 10.261 0.71 9.719 0.9 31.214 0.86 4.0 95.595 5.79 6.51 1.67 0.10 4.0556 0.3 12.0 104.5 25.346 6.3 36.694 0.145 2.45 1.619 0.0467 4.41 4.02 3.867 10.17 5.04 0.73 0.8 78.618 0.732 8.38 1.378 21.817 0.1 11.258 0.482 0.5 17.864 0.6 15.8 12.870 13.183 2.8 15.21 2.86 2.93 2.233 19.1 26.88 8.14 1.78 3.51 13.05 10.6 61.0865 1.6 33.6 47.446 0.076 4.9 54.722 8.09 3.20 5.4 86.52 0.161 0.99 3.3 3.58 1.45 7.91 9.4 29.45 4.885 30.26 17.65 10.58 51.561 0.08 0.37 13.2 3.71 4.4 14.89 2.

.

.

Re = 2.684 Re = 0 .

04 0.277 ft/sec (or Less) For Laminar Flow: V = 0.f = hL = 0.0 ft water For Laminar Flow: V = 0.360 (or Less) .210 ft/sec (or Less) For Laminar Flow: V = 0.553 ft/sec (or Less) For Critical Zone Flow: V = 0.421 ft/sec (or Less) For Critical Zone Flow: V = 0.04 0.1 ft water f = hL = 0.180 (or Less) For Critical Zone Flow: V = 0.

430 0.287 0.230 0.382 0. D.669 0.150 0.00212 0.00124 0.000870 V hf.325 0.0600 0.0497 0.250 0.0302 Transition To Turbulent Flow 0.689 0. D.0900 0.363 0.191 0.386 0. D.166 0.227 0.347 0.813 0.239 0.574 0.000587 (e/D) = V hf.00105 0.408 0.00430 0.621 0.272 0.0112 0.00237 0.00089 0.190 0.01027 0.00073 0. = 3.558 0.00089 0.717 0.318 0.00600 0.00264 0. = (e/D) = 0.00227 0.242 0.861 0.205 0.00909 0. ft per V2/2g ft/sec 100' pipe ft 3 Inch Schedule 40 Steel Pipe Asphalt-Dipped Cast Iron Pipe I.00143 0.0670 inches (e/D) = 0.282 0.217 0.369 0.239 0.00511 0.304 0.00174 0.765 0.412 0.1-1/2 Inch edule 40 Steel Pipe inches hf.431 .333 0.0128 0.00696 0.00355 0.335 0.260 0.0115 0.0680 inches I. = 2.00799 0.120 0.00128 0.00165 0.1004 0.295 0. ft per V V2/2g ft/sec 100' pipe ft/sec ft on To Turbulent Flow 0.0988 0.164 0.478 0.391 0.340 0. ft per 100' pipe 2 Inch Schedule 40 Steel Pipe I.00187 0.00288 0.439 0.0151 0.908 0.00057 0.131 0.526 0.0731 0.0492 0.

227 0.0568 0.78 3.3 103 119 137 156 11.72 1.262 0.789 2.817 0.846 0.64 6.03 0.29 2.24 1.3 2.10 3.52 1.35 6.4 2.0117 0.443 0.248 0.91 .47 0.717 0.8 17.0688 0.96 2.92 8.39 0.63 3.825 0.1 60.53 1.22 1.4 19.355 0.51 5.5 5.956 1.82 4.0278 0.74 1.8 33.422 0.2 19.7 4.0240 0.38 7.343 0.4 54.51 6.17 6.164 0.0 43.17 2.82 1.0379 0.868 1.99 88.662 0.8 3.184 0.9 3.39 0.28 1.2 16.92 4.510 0.12 4.64 24.0142 0.42 1.06 0.87 3.400 0.81 8.145 1.06 1.42 0.81 5.681 0.694 0.94 0.0.042 1.0818 0.78 10.264 0.18 3.26 0.275 0.00422 0.69 8.696 0.3 15.00293 0.600 0.52 1.60 5.0300 7.00 2.00 2.7 28.05 1.2 27.77 0.909 6.08 4.574 0.772 0.251 2.82 2.749 3.0320 0.08 1.430 3.08 2.0172 0.21 5.69 7.10 0.16 1.59 4.499 0.868 0.781 0.81 3.0169 0.1 4.640 0.0567 0.511 0.48 1.293 0.434 0.91 2.564 0.8 40.59 7.53 7.00354 1.60 1.5 62.124 0.9 14.67 5.15 1.65 1.53 0.301 0.31 4.18 1.50 23.651 0.17 8.165 0.290 0.07 8.51 6.3 35.0460 0.948 1.68 2.30 1.13 8.790 0.2 38.0960 0.4 20.39 1.34 1.454 0.72 1.02 4.0263 0.35 4.65 0.37 3.6 51.82 3.26 175 196 218 241 16.126 0.3 7.08 6.78 5.495 0.4 13.95 3.44 3.0075 2.111 0.924 1.60 2.608 0.15 1.0619 0.39 1.20 3.0 15.90 7.0513 0.0516 12.00495 0.25 8.2 18.578 0.27 1.54 4.799 0.659 0.63 1.4 14.09 2.0762 0.955 0.0364 0.39 2.20 1.68 48.14 5.22 1.0674 0.82 9.62 9.0338 0.545 0.68 0.74 6.0 56.63 1.45 1.86 4.143 0.187 0.5 8.5 12.57 2.327 0.0095 0.72 2.56 1.43 1.21 4.0085 0.0468 0.63 45.40 3.79 11.05 2.0142 4.36 1.90 6.28 8.45 5.0732 0.29 2.59 1.07 1.40 4.17 2.86 3.738 0.205 0.128 0.1 31.0411 0.34 4.91 2.089 1.590 0.477 0.27 2.052 0.86 10.21 6.0106 0.1 11.829 0.18 2.81 5.0205 0.0230 0.521 0.00574 0.76 1.635 0.862 0.453 0.237 0.69 3.39 1.91 4.08 9.0198 0.1 66.54 2.70 4.07 2.726 0.212 0.49 2.72 8.00659 0.105 0.0423 0.2 74.40 2.03 1.82 0.354 1.14 4.25 3.04 3.54 1.56 10.61 9.13 5.11 4.17 7.96 2.999 1.25 3.13 1.2 15.8 14.3 17.908 0.0372 0.82 1.94 3.0886 0.81 7.02 0.26 7.72 12.0 5.

5 18.4 19.2 20.60 11.30 2.5 31.7 21.2 1.9 19.7 9.0 15.8 12.69 1.0 36.4 22.9 38.3 38.5 101 116 131 148 29.8 17.4 14.2 13.8 18.4 29.5 8.5 33.9 11.2 10.88 80.9 12.21.93 7.7 23.7 25.7 33.0 9.2 30.3 12.0 4.7 16.7 26.6 15.14 12.6 39.68 5.6 14.3 16.1 45.55 1.8 28.63 3.59 12.4 23.2 74.2 87.9 24.42 10.2 43.0 6.4 .9 26.98 2.9 52.2 22.0 27.8 43.0 111 128 146 199 10.1 41.9 26.3 165 184 204 40.4 95.2 28.99 22.4 32.32 8.7 36.18 9.5 21.5 34.86 10.8 34.7 13.5 63.4 11.7 258 17.

.

.

ft/sec For Laminar Flow: V = 0.189 ft/sec (or Less) al Zone Flow: .281 ft/sec (or Less) For Critical Zone Flow: V = 0.095 ft/sec (or Less) ft/sec For Critical Zone Flow: V = 0.140 ft/sec (or Less) For Laminar Flow: V = 0.

00036 0. ft per V hf.243 0.00080 0.0260 inches I.00205 0. D.00048 0.00050 0.189 0.00080 0.0000 inches 0.001600 hf.166 0.164 0.217 0.128 0.227 0.00030 0.00031 0.000447 (e/D) = 0.001200 V hf.nch Asphalt-Dipped Cast Iron Pipe 3.000253 0.00091 0.202 0.00082 0.00310 0.151 0.140 0. = 4.239 0.00135 0.139 0.0000 inches (e/D) = 0.179 0. ft per V2/2g V2/2g ft/sec 100' pipe ft/sec 100' pipe ft ft 0.00057 0.00073 0.214 0.00056 0.00289 0.191 0.00063 0.00157 0. D.00042 0.00043 0. = 4.00036 0.00180 0.00259 0.00231 0.00325 .126 0.00115 0.00025 0.204 0.00065 0.00089 0. ft per V2/2g 100' pipe ft 0.00097 0.153 0.176 0.00071 0.230 0.0128 4 Inch Schedule 40 Steel Pipe Asphalt-Dipped Cast Iron Pipe I.

454 0.00142 0.73 2.02533 0.532 1.394 2.319 3.01621 0.511 0.231 0.00101 0.386 0.19349 0.05553 0.142 2.0678 0.554 0.660 1.289 0.008 1.655 0.370 0.357 0.528 3.08206 0.04171 0.638 1.74 0.720 0.06484 0.915 2.9 4.01279 0.109 1.919 0.67 1.01911 0.27 4.302 0.284 4.03065 1.00285 0.36574 0.14216 0.0104 0.40525 2.180 0.408 0.515 0.00478 0.277 0.325 0.118 0.993 1.00356 0.328 0.268 2.0116 0.0565 0.00667 0.00405 0.32 1.00259 0.01017 0.00395 0.340 4.07996 0.0093 0.00774 0.04964 0.562 0.0.55 2.123 1.01463 0.059 0.0702 0.378 0.49 3.764 1.170 2.01426 0.38 1.40 5.434 0.06 2.28 8.425 2.605 0.772 0.788 5.806 0.259 0.536 4.664 0.03554 0.02334 0.00888 0.01011 0.628 0.0082 0.39488 1.0251 0.520 2.766 0.00 2.817 0.594 0.820 4.869 .0800 0.00584 0.260 1.12259 0.93 6.02 1.03 1.01313 0.29279 0.25272 0.25936 1.00320 0.36 1.35638 0.80 11.00541 0.07133 0.830 4.00146 0.255 0.01580 0.0288 0.07320 0.80 7.479 0.037 1.01787 0.320 0.890 2.040 0.032 0.01741 0.415 0.04280 0.176 0.01961 0.756 0.553 2.86 2.0969 0.0770 0.02275 0.70 9.106 0.907 0.00193 0.353 0.868 0.085 0.131 0.0620 0.03700 0.31985 0.857 0.00912 0.00171 0.00628 0.19857 0.170 1.02986 1.021 1.199 0.0415 0.02468 0.0184 0.277 1.460 0.03647 0.403 0.00293 0.830 0.82 3.01037 0.024 3.49 2.428 0.787 1.22795 0.725 0.072 0.00228 0.00167 0.0900 0.32825 0.0370 0.00328 0.383 0.064 3.1510 0.715 0.13 5.596 4.04837 0.808 0.877 1.00461 0.22212 0.159 1.205 1.10131 0.00222 0.00119 0.14589 0.11945 0.157 0.73 10.00123 0.02089 0.332 0.01141 0.225 1.0462 0.0512 0.387 2.28530 0.574 3.541 0.958 1.0216 0.281 0.00366 0.19 1.01171 0.245 0.10 3.276 3.01080 0.16 1.00569 0.016 0.404 0.06318 0.549 0.0738 0.744 2.613 0.042 0.210 1.320 0.306 0.28 2.00253 0.00320 0.58 1.78 2.00685 0.165 1.56 1.0128 0.02144 0.851 5.476 0.780 4.135 0.00099 0.252 0.08909 0.017 1.05699 0.970 1.00794 0.0328 0.461 0.00387 0.0155 0.278 0.504 0.17122 0.09872 0.78 0.624 0.71 3.16684 0.00490 0.00720 0.00199 0.0435 0.706 0.174 1.485 0.0344 0.24 2.512 1.09143 0.925 1.298 2.115 0.

94512 30.1 36.62099 2.127 6.7 18.93585 29.885 35.51 6.057 7.212 11.79429 0.297 40.422 4.66735 0.1 121 142 162 184 207 16.081 11.55300 6.531 10.27233 28.9 23.24107 3.34913 22.2 126 144 164 185 45.637 14.744 38.2 78.049 6.3 87 102 10.3 58.84 2.03 6.9 28.99908 2.0 15.53009 84.659 8.83728 5.7 72.20932 3.942 8.79518 25.595 17.31978 27.88 3.47780 2.25 6.57359 51.68487 0.12171 19.8 25.2 6.1 26.53280 3.69879 6.062 40.30 4.88 4.56863 0.403 17.3 50.48396 7.861 15.55 14.88848 1.5 23.162 21.902 20.0 20.821 0.49035 3.14340 25.05157 2.763 35.405 39.6 32.3 5.084 12.956 32.148 20.6 112 127 143 33.68369 19.0 19.69 11.92 17.255 9.99632 23.042 15.48802 160 178 196 45.8 32.7 18.8 22.561 8.121 13.47 13.2 60.0 28.58891 52.89 5.382 17.63793 50.682 7.31808 7.27914 108.20626 24.872 19.87200 27.489 12.48 8.77397 0.766 14.364 31.936 0.7 25.545 0.74 4.1 64.2 92.98628 3.978 8.6 46.98529 47.6 .1.82505 48.283 37.06468 3.804 40.850 43.12 6.0 22.5 72.324 42.16 2.509 36.21201 25.4 36.425 21.64723 10.0 232 258 285 22.58356 0.85713 22.72 5.8 26.341 12.701 4.617 0.13252 21.87 5.553 7.191 35.638 7.5 15.8 45.13119 28.5 16.6 19.21 3.21569 40.319 1.9 32.91181 1.25874 30.28 1.51 2.52476 207 230 255 16.28043 4.3 97.00 9.90948 25.17092 4.243 14.844 16.601 13.7 41.46800 2.8 1.723 11.149 7.54 5.57952 1.202 9.96428 5.5 46.55392 8.642 18.6 10.7 32.

.

.

072 ft/sec (or Less) For Critical Zone Flow: V = 0.For Laminar Flow: V = 0.144 ft/sec (or Less) .

D. ft per V hf.000226 V hf.0650 inches I.0000 inches (e/D) = 0.000293 (e/D) = 0. = 6. = 6.000800 V hf. D.6 Inch Schedule 40 Steel Pipe Asphalt-Dipped Cast Iron Pipe I.9810 inches (e/D) = 0. ft per V2/2g ft/sec 100' pipe ft . D. = 7. ft per V2/2g V2/2g ft/sec 100' pipe ft/sec 100' pipe ft ft 8 Inch Schedule 40 Steel Pipe I.

00939 0.178 0.001801 0.00062 0.5451 0.0324 0.00093 0.00023 0.000092 0.003530 0.000655 0.3207 0.01227 0.611 0.000969 0.2565 0.8337 0.001238 0.00479 0.475 1.0902 1.0337 0.1667 0.589 1.000185 0.01190 0.0192 0.6413 0.005769 0.00277 0.8979 0.200 0.005003 0.3848 0.0374 0.039224 0.4810 0.999 2.110 2.042 2.851 0.0376 0.0698 0.008455 0.00690 0.533 0.386 0.269 0.0410 0.702 1.000432 0.0268 0.0564 0.00196 0.400 0.000064 0.444 1.0644 0.0151 0.001569 0.003202 0.001353 0.0962 0.333 0.111 0.016365 1.738 0.340 0.0173 0.0491 1.431 0.000578 0.522 0.777 0.155 0.118 0.248 0.2694 0.511 0.1796 0.002890 0.0186 0.0641 0.018061 0.1539 0.003132 0.489 0.007735 1.065 0.193 0.2437 0.001128 0.000828 0.111 1.136 0.144 0.555 0.1090 0.1544 1.002594 0.1026 0.051231 0.00487 0.000739 0.0155 0.170 0.156 2.024215 0.0311 0.023077 0.003596 0.2950 0.0138 0.204 0.009806 0.666 0.908 0.363 0.00371 0.178 0.025570 0.01070 0.004091 0.794 0.0898 0.4169 0.016210 0.002301 0.159 0.012808 0.318 0.130 0.033821 0.000309 0.499 0.777 0.944 0.011257 0.010803 0.004235 0.333 1.545 0.00810 0.7055 0.014383 0.133 0.0496 0.00222 0.2309 0.466 0.299 0.078 1.00069 0.246 0.012529 0.229 0.00157 0.0445 0.003874 0.3078 0.000338 0.272 0.681 0.2052 0.00266 0.072 0.00904 0.2180 0.1411 0.001320 0.211 0.222 0.833 0.454 0.000144 0.311 0.00028 0.055 1.058 0.00248 0.00049 0.0705 0.221 0.222 0.3527 0.422 0.00077 0.0244 0.250 0.378 0.289 0.0958 0.00130 0.0767 1.0834 0.477 0.0843 0.000575 0.2185 1.0780 .282 0.005178 0.007204 0.0770 0.001353 0.00406 0.0276 0.002701 0.045028 0.9620 1.999 1.000192 0.888 0.000648 0.5772 0.155 0.002049 0.00442 0.000512 0.346 0.001934 0.0164 0.244 0.355 0.267 0.0224 0.666 1.2826 0.00652 0.1219 0.113 0.004619 0.000200 0.021 1.624 0.002313 0.001023 0.004611 0.198 0.1924 0.000722 0.7696 0.001598 0.000242 0.0232 0.227 0.0692 0.0431 0.006054 0.555 1.567 0.1283 0.0789 0.408 0.0621 0.009205 0.000256 0.00580 0.000392 0.000077 0.00307 0.00988 0.001473 0.189 0.000125 0.0.00038 0.00442 0.000501 0.6093 0.014459 0.00523 0.5131 0.0635 0.020712 0.000401 0.816 0.965 1.00173 0.080 1.00055 0.000368 0.000800 0.929 2.1154 0.00338 0.122 0.722 0.216 0.00110 0.182 0.00032 0.0179 0.028818 0.000164 0.01078 0.00043 0.001153 0.000231 0.000923 0.148 0.167 0.125 0.888 1.00150 0.2822 0.000207 0.362 1.295 0.000450 0.0554 0.0261 0.444 0.006393 0.4489 0.020012 0.000288 0.018474 0.0521 0.135 1.000108 0.00146 0.

972 0.0926 6.9 42.92 7.415 1.156 19.84 2.61 0.753256 6.8 9.9240 2.143199 6.510 9.000 37.984 10.5392 1.348 0.8 14.0 98.41 8.542 26.503 30.4 18.636482 1.2 14.30 1.87 4.106 5.3 10.389737 7.205 33.95 3.0928 2.5 14.080334 1.637 10.439 0.4 17.496 0.5 47.694 23.6674 1.82 4.0 15.920521 1.129448 0.409120 0.2 23.359578 0.8 36.212 10.252931 1.2 8.102280 0.110 0.13 1.0 14.2 28.34 7.69 4.135 0.34 4.100 22.8479 0.0 16.4132 7.653 27.0 8.8 13.5 5.057533 0.989 21.5 33.321 24.329 8.637 2.547 16.808 2.907 1.021 18.4 52.321334 4.1 43.432 6.5 0.28 19.1 2.745 1.37 3.3 14.109 3.0545 7.647 37.70 11.780 11.307695 2.0 19.02 1.879 3.230130 0.368 29.8 22.311 0.4 3.6198 10.8 26.1 51.0 18.5 16.763 28.042 35.419 0.2 15.1 5.159813 0.87 2.41 0.235 0.211 23.284688 8.193373 0.8 27.67 8.5 14.7957 1.316 34.943 8.1686 4.62 1.8 15.507 0.461859 0.690 1.694 0.32 0.73 3.560 22.078308 0.810 0.23 1.939 1.5 5.773493 0.4 59.097 0.099 27.56 2.53 7.99 2.8 13.8 22.560 0.73 9.995 10.6 11.86 25.173 0.3 18.8 11.02 2.80 11.545926 20.38 2.3372 8.682084 3.997 5.2446 0.1260 0.4 19.774 8.9 20.55 1.961439 7.829 24.950 3.089 31.0928 0.772 32.6 40.071172 2.095 32.60 6.868 39.28 1.5 7.907 34.597 7.233 28.2 20.57 4.2066 3.7 16.479 0.1 24.290 3.658 17.76 10.81 2.8 20.758 38.45 3.7 7.54 10.0 21.17 7.8099 5.576924 0.4 34.5 12.1 68.6 30.404 3.31 9.27 1.4109 0.326 1.245 0.874 29.4893 4.442 4.88 6.6 46.32 2.819095 3.9 26.50 0.043213 0.995316 4.76 5.31 5.6959 0.41 1.443 0.130 0.105 12.4 .144 0.539 5.655 0.6 19.1 17.92 2.3 8.482 13.886 17.347 12.85 0.715 40.91 5.09 0.887 0.381636 3.332 3.424 0.093973 4.617 1.4 21.5 25.0 12.1306 5.985 21.426 35.376098 5.964 6.1 23.1 17.180 0.02 7.2 37.4 16.15 9.06 5.2.8 18.2 11.723 2.216 13.357 2.7719 6.036821 0.73 1.21 6.2 5.580 0.645 0.7 24.2 19.76 4.79 5.0 88.08 1.1 49.5 78.0 16.05 5.2 12.176 36.66 1.20 12.163 4.6 23.553 6.078 9.56 1.177 3.157 0.6 36.5 24.1088 0.2 21.5 13.550 11.42 2.8 23.674 6.9785 9.665 2.0 55.313233 0.979 41.45 5.490 0.639251 0.388 0.425 21.9 1.437 15.270083 0.4 19.847434 2.150 0.0 31.438314 1.5 15.050117 0.884 9.850 41.1 11.751341 59.20 14.6 64.02 8.446 38.4512 0.45 9.751 15.537 15.72 1.98 1.7 6.570 0.660137 31.307 0.8 13.108 6.011725 5.0 13.241 6.9 4.830820 8.5273 3.517793 0.29 19.7 17.487 0.8859 3.24 3.8 18.31 4.8 26.580 39.887 3.9 67.0 39.00 2.376 7.663 0.557003 2.33 3.5 12.5653 2.768 18.9 22.218 7.03 4.4 23.279 0.9 27.030940 0.42 2.3 3.115 0.13 3.4 75.797 0.

3 38.6 28.0 35.0 31.9 11.0 19.1 88.1 42.3 10.9 59.7 84.1 11.5 50.5 14.1 30.5 22.9 29.200 43.3 36.6 28.8 31.9 13.4 12.6 27.230779 25.1 51.2 30.723002 25.4 32.0 9.9 30 32 110 122 24.5 .5 41.7 44.8 12.1 43.7 10.311 44.3 78.1 68.9 48.421 27.3 20.5 30.42.389 28.1 35.7 15.4 9.3 23.5 14.1 93.2 26.119 44.3 27.2 28.7 29.7 26.254 45.0 40.3 16.

.

073 ft/sec (or Less) .For Laminar Flow: V = 0.048 ft/sec (or Less) For Laminar Flow: V = 0.096 ft/sec (or Less) For Critical Zone Flow: V = 0.036 ft/sec (or Less) For Critical Zone Flow: V = 0.

= 10.8 Inch Asphalt-Dipped Cast Iron Pipe I. ft per V hf.0200 inches I. ft per V2/2g V2/2g ft/sec 100' pipe ft/sec 100' pipe ft ft . D.000480 V hf. = 10.000180 (e/D) = 0.000600 V hf.0000 inches (e/D) = 0. = 8. ft per V2/2g ft/sec 100' pipe ft 10 Inch Schedule 40 Steel Pipe Asphalt-Dipped Cast Iron Pipe I. D.0000 inches (e/D) = 0. D.

3064 0.0610 0.0260 0.3052 0.000496 0.000253 0.5310 0.000140 0.0449 0.2936 0.3458 0.0227 0.2441 0.1221 0.000412 0.000785 0.000183 0.5696 0.006332 0.00165 0.6536 0.5719 0.000091 0.0144 0.000075 0.00783 0.001447 0.0692 0.4902 0.1961 0.001583 0.0212 0.1021 0.0817 0.001874 0.018299 0.003562 0.1660 0.5425 0.009363 0.000044 0.3662 0.2808 0.003735 0.000460 0.0572 0.001340 0.000162 0.00744 0.1302 0.2681 0.001459 0.0957 0.2553 0.000458 0.7731 0.2170 0.1879 0.0323 0.2127 1.4468 0.0776 0.4069 0.000083 0.3865 0.00664 0.1144 0.000175 0.0773 0.001117 0.1277 0.005129 0.6917 0.1787 0.0136 0.0814 0.1790 0.000336 0.3881 0.1085 0.00435 0.000549 0.000202 0.0654 0.000026 0.004052 0.1307 0.000124 0.000107 0.1213 0.003138 0.000084 0.000451 0.00659 0.0.3255 0.3472 0.000498 0.000732 0.001261 0.2451 0.000926 0.0851 1.008403 0.00257 0.2859 0.000648 0.1389 0.8298 0.00504 0.0490 0.010701 0.0651 0.4493 0.3064 0.004383 0.000026 0.001320 0.000058 0.0613 0.0638 0.000415 0.0103 0.000066 0.00315 0.00920 0.1552 0.000598 0.2042 0.020516 0.1139 0.000074 0.0215 0.000125 0.00579 0.0154 0.0448 0.005083 0.000375 0.000174 0.002341 0.002594 0.009118 0.000365 0.7659 0.1716 0.000300 0.000502 0.2034 0.6944 0.000229 0.00447 0.000126 0.2238 0.00929 0.000093 0.0976 0.6510 0.2425 0.0408 0.0174 0.1489 1.1634 0.0694 0.00208 0.0681 0.001459 0.002101 0.000934 0.1062 0.010374 0.1546 0.0488 0.007662 0.000454 0.7761 0.4882 0.9574 1.0735 0.000103 0.000077 0.000037 0.00232 0.000306 0.8936 0.2655 0.1465 0.1915 0.4476 0.4149 0.0103 0.5289 0.022858 0.1149 0.012411 0.000232 0.1225 0.000263 0.000138 0.000233 0.000104 0.6064 0.3268 0.0548 0.0529 0.000428 0.001660 0.0766 0.003103 0.6127 0.002280 0.000051 0.001915 0.4787 0.2042 0.01210 0.8137 0.0899 0.0732 0.0183 0.000205 0.7021 0.4085 0.0895 0.000297 0.001226 0.000266 0.000544 0.014247 0.001271 0.2645 0.000333 0.000372 0.3191 0.2766 0.0980 0.2298 0.7324 0.7353 0.00154 0.000050 0.00525 0.1872 0.000914 0.000203 0.000037 0.000043 0.025328 0.1953 0.1532 0.3676 0.1709 0.00186 0.2247 0.6103 0.0407 0.5745 0.000570 0.000593 0.01058 0.001087 0.001096 0.000142 0.007495 0.005715 0.3511 0.0830 0.0702 0.002675 0.1383 0.000149 0.000643 0.1404 0.000058 0.8170 0.1471 0.0570 0.000821 0.000066 0.00304 0.000063 0.0191 0.0894 0.000031 0.2848 0.00149 0.1627 0.6383 0.00311 0.000399 0.004575 0.016210 0.0531 0.0276 .1058 0.0428 0.000031 0.0232 0.00371 0.1797 0.000778 0.006640 1.000148 0.00269 0.3830 0.001013 0.00747 0.000094 0.00505 0.5106 0.0828 0.00834 0.005836 0.000648 0.

052520 0.8336 14.1275 6.5360 6.128223 0.756692 8.143771 1.328 0.64 3.5105 3.2 3.356175 0.037434 1.4297 0.0917 0.4267 13.4722 0.19 6.3 19.2206 1.5099 6.3105 5.86 7.6 17.5786 10.8309 2.5742 10.0621 1.0315 0.257 0.42 1.227952 0.7 22.97 3.288 0.58 6.8824 0.659 0.53 3.08 3.957496 4.6595 1.349625 3.7649 10.9020 0.334226 2.0989 0.579 0.078456 0.127086 0.895541 7.6473 15.02 2.29 2.25 1.929 1.834 0.600 0.9511 0.7872 1.361286 3.177141 3.0478 0.620990 1.101312 0.3924 11.583557 0.565 0.48 1.884 1.63 11.4240 0.840321 0.041497 0.176 0.6210 11.435 0.0778 0.766171 0.6765 3.2 17.0579 1.7871 5.020334 0.8723 3.508343 0.26 9.9855 1.373476 0.620990 1.2340 0.085046 6.1374 8.030647 0.0542 0.9 18.0926 0.59 5.9 2.18 6.464 0.4756 4.483961 11.2893 5.500 0.492435 2.4584 0.1 21.368 2.2550 12.8040 10.0125 0.5443 8.165 0.0417 0.214 4.8297 0.0362 0.014939 0.2255 1.2061 12.47 6.036472 0.0514 0.945 1.890723 17.4254 0.91 .668499 13.7060 15.1235 0.36 1.256 0.44 1.1488 4.8807 4.0 16.32 2.0583 0.0850 4.042804 0.80 11.0778 2.74 1.550617 8.09 1.126 0.0211 7.8481 3.280428 4.680 0.9765 1.16 2.9804 1.655831 21.2976 8.9445 0.8653 4.5785 8.0148 0.88 9.064685 5.151 0.325207 5.6635 13.60 1.512 0.3 15.145 0.00 5.3530 7.1438 1.911807 1.1030 6.6552 2.181 0.749546 0.0449 0.52 1.0198 2.06 4.76 2.1 19.792409 3.319785 7.033370 2.259358 0.017533 0.76 2.0521 0.936284 1.164 0.3828 7.9148 2.64 3.0687 4.410 0.21 1.36 5.8465 12.313824 0.2467 2.2125 10.1392 1.47 2.023342 0.405248 0.998184 3.310268 0.17 14.4935 4.145889 0.0343 2.109579 0.4 14.6447 2.52 13.5 19.438316 0.0425 2.0637 3.61 1.070107 1.7 15.192 1.0295 1.616023 9.012553 0.940 1.79 5.1145 2.1163 0.3580 9.753263 1.8 13.241071 1.1717 10.15 3.371 0.267527 0.3 23.328 0.372006 1.647228 3.187386 0.077567 0.4805 13.135 0.3 16.181205 2.14 1.0637 6.512891 0.380 0.84 7.7445 6.663958 0.18 4.767 0.186 0.0515 3.462 0.12 3.5 12.0643 0.532797 2.0329 1.0 23.291 0.165989 0.658 1.56 4.8 20.031771 0.0720 2.47 13.557 0.455 0.97 2.5 21.91 4.250 0.14 2.571462 0.138 0.224 0.191543 0.2550 3.8987 0.03 1.964283 5.5531 2.3237 7.2680 3.234071 0.9 1.698794 6.0202 0.504 0.1062 5.093369 0.78 1.3955 9.210080 0.9168 0.94 3.0412 0.824414 2.1.25 1.07 1.8951 0.415 5.9870 0.0 2.6594 0.6618 3.0387 0.155 0.285850 2.0542 2.8595 3.457487 0.703 3.33 3.208 0.232 0.0232 0.16 5.158300 0.4042 0.206264 8.4680 4.493905 1.45 5.6340 1.63 4.6 6.051566 2.311 0.064840 0.805 8.304 0.744 0.8890 14.056988 0.7190 6.0719 0.9359 9.7992 12.01 1.114 0.8382 2.2 10.68 1.6275 1.4510 0.049643 0.1914 3.255295 1.109 0.6130 13.370 0.0309 0.60 11.13 1.2404 14.4412 0.6962 6.5319 1.4 4.7615 8.2975 14.80 2.0990 0.2378 2.23 2.818 0.829946 2.424699 1.1700 8.0174 0.7305 8.40 3.633199 0.4380 11.1 12.

7160 19.9 26.745136 3.6 36.21 5.8 40.5 32.2 10.0 60.9 51.24.6079 20.9739 18.630962 25.9 35.488025 5.9 18.40 7.26 26.1569 3.6 18.54 34.6 36.336904 13.8 29.7 .2 15.8 13.3 14.9 13.5654 17.0164 20.0 11.2 46.7 34.9315 16.227196 6.68 8.3 12.5099 5.50 10.7 40.5 41.729228 10.021180 5.9 51.4122 5.5 34.575083 7.359816 4.7 27.4674 24.2 25.4 27.8 23.93 6.0 23.0 15.33 4.7 12.6 33.78 9.2 22.5297 19.6 38.3824 18.2 15.3 27.7 34.9 12.6 38.8 20.5 42.1994 4.98 5.6 32.0 30.1 24.7484 17.6 14.0 107 6.7 14.4 30.3 21.76 4.1 26.5 30.483961 7.0 35.4 28.8 42.5 44.5 16.8 8.1 26.149735 4.6 28.43 7.3 9.5230 15.6 40.7909 19.3435 22.6 19.3091 18.4 28.4 14.7 11.0 94.88 17.0 12.5 18.7 29.07 15.9 9.8679 16.0 51.3400 16.72 3.91 4.5 71.68 19.2748 16.18 6.975619 6.6817 17.6 26.8 11.5 10.845593 9.6 16.944842 4.4249 22.0 82.8 31.6 31.0 17.4 25.9023 18.1229 4.8 38.6 30.252009 5.9 10.8 21.3778 24.1 38.2 24.143399 24.9 42.4610 15.1 28.3 31.9366 20.7 22.4954 17.2 15.6 37.7 47.795538 5.5 30.8 19.44 5.12 4.6 15.2 25.6 18.0885 3.

.

For Laminar Flow: V = 0.058 ft/sec (or Less) .029 ft/sec (or Less) For Critical Zone Flow: V = 0.

ft per V hf.000151 (e/D) = 0.000400 V hf. ft per V2/2g V2/2g ft/sec 100' pipe ft/sec 100' pipe ft ft 14 Inch Schedule 40 Steel Pipe I.9380 inches I.000137 V V2/2g ft/sec ft . D. D.1240 (e/D) = 0.12 Inch Schedule 40 Steel Pipe Asphalt-Dipped Cast Iron Pipe I. = 11.0000 inches (e/D) = 0. = 13. D. = 12.

373 0.516 0.567 0.00211 0.344 0.369 0.00325 0.573 0.00180 0.00125 0.00128 0.00245 0.00932 0.01129 0.426 0.545 0.00461 0.00155 0.312 0.00361 0.00511 0.284 0.487 0.00151 0.00320 0.00405 0.00216 0.00448 0.00589 0.00327 0.00752 0.00445 0.00250 0.0111 0.00500 0.315 0.00281 0.340 0.00452 0.482 0.397 0.00287 0.401 0.00590 0.00369 0.00920 0.00414 0.454 0.539 0.00320 0.00747 0.459 0.287 0.511 0.474 0.00350 .430 0.0.00184 0.

61804 0.12569 1.03863 0.794 0.290 1.148 0.09037 0.681 0.269 2.986 2.032 0.929 10.21580 0.395 0.140 0.07183 0.0158 0.05595 0.135 1.251 0.423 0.823 0.51078 0.361 9.255 4.84015 0.720 0.006 2.712 0.22 1.794 9.0135 0.01564 0.00720 0.344 0.320 3.01532 0.296 2.28326 0.522 0.172 1.808 7.3 10.949 1.092 7.372 2.41373 0.376 7.576 1.73552 0.04503 0.71230 7.01399 0.702 0.981 5.07081 0.745 0.00981 0.897 2.0990 0.90 2.863 2.272 0.0182 0.75 9.28142 0.067 1.01063 1.0391 0.12589 3.210 0.44588 1.0180 0.02043 0.636 0.150 2.166 7.352 7.19671 0.10578 0.873 0.24515 0.227 8.78173 0.84552 0.026 8.0845 0.01001 0.609 2.253 2.95206 1.17135 0.25028 0.083 3.72044 0.593 6.617 0.88 2.641 6.28078 6.03 1.879 7.688 0.00618 0.20198 1.38554 0.538 8.704 0.450 0.0155 0.15134 0.04597 0.31 7.43 1.115 7.212 10.957 6.70 .12770 0.269 4.746 10.929 6.586 4.645 9.39 1.436 0.293 2.300 4.86322 0.433 1.440 0.06129 0.032 10.013 4.03694 0.624 0.846 0.47 1.659 0.858 4.08005 0.674 5.664 0.00787 0.6 1.184 0.68 1.00423 0.02533 0.34970 0.73524 0.411 0.66165 0.304 1.844 1.631 0.743 4.124 0.972 4.542 1.00736 0.572 3.45153 0.866 3.496 1.120 3.31560 0.36904 0.277 1.03127 0.390 5.173 0.07 1.0820 1.11524 0.50357 0.02586 0.03147 1.943 8.506 4.827 8.01071 1.779 1.860 1.06316 2.60537 0.733 6.446 5.07 1.539 4.13 2.98060 1.56 1.064 8.00863 0.04918 0.837 3.63733 8.599 8.18011 0.07890 0.0236 0.67551 0.36208 1.02186 0.553 2.32020 0.08742 0.621 3.372 0.0604 0.01149 0.59099 0.00591 0.775 0.131 0.0208 0.48 1.01770 0.13 1.10343 0.739 0.580 2.62099 1.36147 0.321 2.803 0.560 1.726 4.166 6.93090 6.01126 0.241 0.05395 0.13 2.306 0.23 1.695 2.32690 0.21138 0.776 5.20 0.019 6.459 9.0587 0.28731 0.003 0.00605 0.301 8.03192 0.418 1.18388 0.00504 0.455 5.0950 0.46098 0.68541 0.42314 6.28 1.153 3.02645 0.404 0.11288 0.0.106 5.55159 0.428 0.795 4.0306 0.00685 0.589 0.774 0.0485 0.14775 0.15 1.12508 0.115 0.53219 1.08172 0.07036 0.688 3.109 0.79809 0.0206 0.89523 9.05189 1.078 0.660 1.191 0.218 0.65 1.40525 0.552 0.0718 0.09226 0.78682 0.06257 0.886 9.0698 0.15451 0.404 0.312 8.930 1.0316 0.00 1.224 0.128 2.135 2.186 1.488 0.25266 5.22381 0.723 2.692 5.00846 0.65 1.0404 0.0233 0.04284 0.02001 0.558 3.569 0.851 0.156 1.830 0.50031 0.147 1.452 7.738 0.203 0.166 1.0500 0.878 7.525 6.46248 0.093 1.0132 0.159 5.91181 5.509 0.03784 0.54641 0.016 0.993 0.05284 0.695 0.37 1.41 2.510 8.56314 0.10131 0.

42148 2.3 40.617 13.74 10.10 2.85 1.47 1.5 22.03677 8.8 21.60 6.5 57.4 43.205 34.6 28.4 52.94 2.10253 2.93 5.17 7.2 59.878 39.07 3.7 10.487 9.5 23.62 1.77 1.7 15.9 40.3 41.01956 36.2 56.9 11.3 31.89 8.0 42.13425 18.2 30.90241 2.2 3.50764 15.2 2.3 14.4 13.3 12.1 51.55 9.064 11.12874 7.15 2.6 18.1 28.18 8.2 36.950 28.23 7.4 71.1 68.3 50.92 10.69 1.53280 2.8 27.276 22.60 18.389 48.531 26.3 22.51498 28.1 51.31 9.50275 5.8 17.9 11.8 14.3 15.042 10.7 21.602 17.3 11.7 45.64 3.7 17.858 21.7 49.915 1.59 2.70 2.8 58.7 45.6 25.5 34.333 2.0 39.694 24.0 14.6 54.7 36.5 2.049 13.01 2.198 10.39 13.8 42.8 19.8 33.5 38.0 28.6 20.7 51.2 13.84 1.900 14.6 37.1 21.0 14.9 24.54 4.26 1.6 12.439 19.631 11.7 31.435 10.26 7.6 11.4 21.47 8.25 12.30 11.4 10.01100 16.2 20.6 35.1 3.9 13.28 4.6 12.5 68.1 43.4 16.00 3.15 5.63 2.63 9.20635 3.7 22.4 11.3 55.08 7.1 1.7 26.9 48.715 42.5 18.4 18.36 2.03057 65.7 .2 2.28815 12.5 11.4 61.2 28.5 12.2 35.82 13.4 14.40 6.0 20.347 11.14708 34.113 25.9 13.724 9.250 9.88176 3.062 40.31266 2.2 24.20 12.9 51.28448 6.7 32.2 11.184 15.00122 2.94 3.80610 1.8 17.961 1.8 12.0 45.40 1.9 33.76294 4.736 50.33 1.9 28.10.5 7.766 13.03555 8.12691 3.198 12.04 2.780 11.13791 24.15259 56.17 9.1 47.69 4.6 17.1 19.7 66.1 79.14219 32.5 78.021 2.00489 9.32 25.92 11.4 46.899 45.8 37.0 14.4 2.2 28.38 6.92 5.552 45.8 15.482 12.2 61.18 10.0 72.78356 4.52476 53.19 2.88 11.0 24.13119 11.64662 2.4 25.1 15.368 31.65 12.47 2.86 4.0 1.012 9.00308 3.13 6.19 3.226 21.47 5.

.

022 (or Less) For Critical Zone Flow: V = 0.049 ft/sec (or Less) For Critical Zone Flow: V = 0.044 (or Less) .024 ft/sec (or Less) For Laminar Flow: V = 0.For Laminar Flow: V = 0.

0000 inches (e/D) = 0.0000 (e/D) = 0.000343 hf.000120 (e/D) = 0. ft per V2/2g 100' pipe ft/sec 100' pipe ft edule 40 Steel Pipe inches 16 Inch Schedule 40 Steel Pipe Asphalt-Dipped Cast Iron Pipe I.0000 inches I.14 Inch Asphalt-Dipped Cast Iron Pipe I. ft per V V2/2g V2/2g ft/sec 100' pipe ft/sec ft ft . D. = 15.000300 V hf. D. ft per V hf. = 16. D. = 14.

00704 0.00270 0.00533 .0.417 0.

425 5.46108 0.17283 0.149 4.0190 0.106 0.117 1.00801 0.02042 0.19511 0.24796 0.05123 0.745 5.725 1.43097 0.06093 0.197 1.78045 0.04 5.02533 0.584 0.253 6.0400 0.52461 0.0370 0.38888 0.713 0.185 1.447 5.787 4.335 3.0686 0.0148 0.35714 0.855 5.01939 0.51289 0.247 0.26753 0.06751 0.02510 0.0193 0.14287 0.02430 1.483 0.277 1.0517 0.834 0.24734 0.29773 0.02226 0.738 4.11527 0.08169 0.49233 0.511 0.836 6.817 0.377 4.03957 0.02859 0.05699 0.62758 0.15830 0.31027 0.69133 0.669 0.127 0.042 1.00820 0.00628 0.600 4.084 2.43086 0.1256 0.00608 0.002 5.11410 0.459 0.01037 0.355 1.49217 0.0533 0.752 3.04624 0.03798 0.980 2.06199 0.281 0.360 2.108 0.516 1.585 0.355 2.830 3.59223 0.810 0.00529 0.11437 3.628 5.00461 0.268 3.726 0.168 4.503 7.234 2.13233 0.461 6.709 2.558 0.0269 0.254 0.34632 0.00827 0.45639 0.585 5.60762 0.718 0.563 1.01080 0.542 2.18494 0.04321 0.813 3.377 3.32020 0.82704 0.989 4.501 0.628 4.0194 0.908 0.06688 0.450 3.33283 0.631 3.438 0.27005 0.362 1.772 0.394 2.215 0.35617 0.21874 0.163 0.542 0.625 0.0129 0.0683 0.05469 0.42196 0.28850 1.126 3.180 1.210 5.00327 0.01688 0.878 0.794 5.55791 0.04878 0.07377 1.176 4.04150 0.627 0.01844 0.500 0.596 1.543 0.03572 0.10131 0.536 6.086 7.40165 0.00769 0.01672 0.0953 0.09722 0.20935 0.994 0.00485 0.876 1.905 3.395 0.03279 0.308 0.03206 0.037 1.146 1.03308 0.999 1.157 0.0454 0.390 3.40 6.452 1.918 3.22593 0.13115 0.38032 0.01281 0.24372 0.545 0.37348 0.947 5.66396 0.0683 0.29509 0.173 6.01197 0.317 0.48479 0.285 2.19154 0.711 0.957 0.535 4.131 0.45749 0.419 5.089 0.479 0.0356 0.459 1.1050 0.543 0.755 1.203 .64880 0.22795 0.92425 1.251 0.991 6.01550 0.87497 0.20493 0.960 4.191 3.27101 0.816 1.56779 0.318 0.074 2.179 0.03701 1.356 0.248 2.32676 0.16599 0.729 0.0147 0.198 0.638 0.148 1.265 5.902 0.723 2.04789 0.00633 0.73522 0.15190 0.293 2.172 0.718 0.086 0.044 6.54178 0.02852 0.01425 1.08658 0.02882 0.351 3.872 3.14806 2.52930 0.02165 0.634 1.357 4.798 0.40525 1.436 1.07757 0.539 4.0284 0.635 0.938 1.12822 0.468 4.667 1.295 7.17453 0.0.00456 0.01367 0.00989 0.720 4.878 7.70136 0.08904 0.915 0.997 2.0247 0.16 5.032 3.266 5.084 5.670 3.271 1.225 0.0563 0.718 5.10041 0.0112 0.0872 0.0859 0.553 2.00389 0.904 0.00356 0.353 0.354 6.

8 54.90372 0.9 14.2 16.63320 0.545 8.340 7.30814 3.4 93.95019 0.5 101 57.4 69.36714 1.69 3.53280 2.49 7.4 3.9 32.69879 15.0 23.3 69.67204 1.6 3.1 54.5 36.6 40.05 13.181 7.262 7.684 45.2 28.352 8.189 45.2 75.702 0.379 9.16452 2.337 8.8 4.19714 1.15 6.20557 3.0 37.2 23.30 8.020 70.500 0.85929 16.547 14.962 9.776 9.09306 6.0 47.2 11.2 20.60194 0.51033 2.9 51.50 6.88176 3.94727 0.0 12.8 31.7 23.1 30.1 3.631 16.444 7.0 17.6 36.212 10.6 8.357 52.9 13.2 27.2 25.921 6.010 5.4 21.9 15.5 15.31 4.5 30.128 8.587 9.1 38.978 8.02687 1.76182 61.3 26.1.86120 0.6 63.7 47.525 60.73978 0.347 35.5 51.659 7.2 67.5 45.66526 0.8 29.08405 1.69 14.7 12.57146 0.896 9.27880 3.170 9.1 6.68817 7.8 19.62099 1.004 10.515 39.078 9.95750 4.2 51.38 6.1 11.7 26.3 79.9 37.8 76.819 7.081 7.78 10.796 1.7 13.03743 1.3 15.3 31.800 20.38 5.599 41.8 67.76617 0.2 19.2 71.4 15.87782 10.78857 5.9 1.80139 0.28336 19.4 74.2 18.4 41.2 17.505 1.9 10.88757 29.899 7.72189 9.178 31.5 60.852 50.5 15.0 53.094 29.32084 4.68783 2.6 16.8 30.988 8.19899 7.8 14.62362 5.50 5.22609 2.1 61.7 1.6 40.99184 1.7 30.170 8.0 21.463 12.23257 15.91181 0.97489 1.4 60.87426 24.83741 0.24832 1.9 35.49137 2.7 34.55550 1.01 2.37224 27.263 33.3 81.70146 10.9 43.00525 32.04227 2.7 34.2 81.93917 2.0 35.5 58.1 52.3 23.98937 1.49 .421 11.3 57.6 14.4 99.14974 4.73174 0.15 11.42 2.19093 2.7 22.28078 1.0 17.673 17.87 7.589 15.625 0.75669 8.0 13.16909 9.986 10.0 82.6 20.0 91.13170 1.75131 8.542 6.2 50.842 22.383 6.79761 4.5 24.8 41.4 10.85243 3.6 18.533 0.0 70.758 19.3 20.0 90.2 18.65809 25.6 1.30705 1.87421 2.32 6.6 0.51130 33.5 44.0 72.0 26.2 35.84433 1.6 47.12313 6.2 21.81970 0.4 11.862 7.43047 13.57164 3.37731 4.95 5.27 8.926 25.3 17.8 54.064 6.2 46.5 27.431 11.3 39.807 7.90 8.920 8.4 11.2 22.9 66.19046 17.69810 1.6 19.54975 1.9 25.7 65.88 7.0 83.67636 38.8 13.5 20.99 10.3 12.42470 11.81 7.6 60.4 2.04133 27.5 17.223 6.08021 1.18037 1.2 12.5 29.77923 0.8 12.93030 62.754 0.8 20.63888 58.715 8.2 43.1 63.8 8.9 50.42858 1.716 2.2 41.2 32.6 76.41 7.40972 13.46856 6.5 59.23006 1.021 7.13490 1.

7 91.6 79.1 90.2 98.9 .4 76.5 87.8 83.83.4 118 128 110 118 128 73.8 108.

019 ft/sec (or Less) ft/sec For Critical Zone Flow: V = 0.039 ft/sec (or Less) al Zone Flow: .ft/sec For Laminar Flow: V = 0.

8760 inches I. = 18.0000 inches (e/D) = 0.000107 (e/D) = 0.000267 V hf. = 16. D. ft per V hf. ft per 100' pipe 18 Inch Schedule 40 Steel Pipe Asphalt-Dipped Cast Iron Pipe I. = (e/D) = V ft/sec . ft per V2/2g V2/2g ft/sec 100' pipe ft/sec 100' pipe ft ft 20 Schedule 40 Steel Pipe I. D.Dipped Cast Iron Pipe inches hf. D.

.

147 1.519 0.13070 0.01211 0.110 2.07140 0.501 1.07195 0.0537 0.01162 0.309 2.08186 0.261 1.0.040 4.41441 0.0719 0.442 3.026 3.32743 0.00500 0.0318 0.891 2.404 0.020 5.873 0.578 1.869 3.0154 0.0728 0.441 0.101 0.01799 0.648 2.00222 0.655 2.765 1.00395 0.00512 0.00581 0.522 2.962 0.035 0.04175 0.00554 0.00288 0.02471 0.01151 0.240 3.539 4.0152 0.097 1.09241 1.0541 0.232 3.0386 0.03198 0.08005 0.782 3.02989 0.694 0.00967 0.630 0.0148 0.590 0.200 2.23310 0.809 3.578 3.198 1.154 1.567 0.32020 0.170 2.770 2.908 4.413 4.00328 0.156 4.861 0.438 0.076 1.23743 0.0197 0.193 2.02230 0.008 2.00799 0.733 4.012 3.462 0.30265 0.513 0.463 3.435 4.00980 0.923 0.397 4.502 0.26905 0.981 1.143 0.36964 0.22236 0.039 1.211 2.774 0.152 3.0910 0.156 0.347 3.616 1.03558 1.270 1.847 1.378 0.307 0.02886 0.396 2.725 2.430 0.02590 0.25069 0.12790 0.19370 0.28561 0.0760 0.883 0.0201 0.530 3.10360 0.14101 0.582 2.016 4.01351 0.297 3.291 1.00392 0.00747 0.271 .865 2.39170 0.789 0.363 1.0354 0.01567 0.160 4.25299 0.14231 0.00303 0.01581 0.307 3.161 4.05559 0.886 3.0420 0.15442 0.004 1.00648 0.139 2.00618 0.750 0.06325 0.05404 0.26892 0.0441 0.43775 0.19985 0.017 2.656 3.135 1.00889 0.278 3.539 0.092 0.424 2.34822 0.30729 0.20778 0.11958 0.114 0.731 1.03869 0.00832 0.925 4.21616 0.0298 0.320 3.01785 1.645 0.04842 0.0109 0.0560 0.219 0.574 0.15476 0.385 1.269 2.001 3.00437 0.16915 0.02310 0.117 0.02046 0.295 2.717 0.00730 0.808 0.434 1.820 0.504 0.577 0.01044 0.04605 1.0245 0.877 5.303 4.11543 0.721 0.163 0.152 2.33823 0.287 4.009 1.900 3.06267 0.932 1.072 0.0207 0.0256 0.584 4.946 1.446 4.09883 0.01390 0.078 2.08919 0.404 0.02001 0.693 0.164 5.28778 0.299 3.866 0.635 0.16702 0.387 1.693 0.0276 0.18011 0.639 1.346 0.10896 0.18418 0.130 0.729 3.756 0.586 3.665 0.

502 4.469 19.889 8.58121 1.19457 8.42 2.386 4.234 9.32485 7.0 49.37579 0.9 24.83169 31.651 18.687 31.67661 0.5 40.60452 7.826 9.315 18.086 10.02 7.47832 0.02 2.781 35.34 8.22976 2.626 14.323 10.703 21.9 47.195 8.40543 61.54329 12.389 47.00489 23.978 12.864 46.85 6.61905 0.91903 25.741 0.349 6.56924 0.717 1.824 40.781 6.789 .56066 16.2 25.390 17.43582 0.948 6.343 15.63 8.47632 18.024 0.56405 0.88258 27.29941 28.425 0.97 4.7 79.629 36.5 22.304 6.800 5.04646 2.030 45.16139 56.934 7.812 10.3 18.955 8.194 5.51161 0.525 4.028 7.44072 46.24 1.738 11.38974 1.35676 0.48 3.384 5.8 40.885 7.172 48.46173 0.8 25.5 13.79035 15.36018 11.869 15.216 9.415 4.50031 0.9 51.53751 0.252 28.1 38.503 8.73672 0.58218 47.848 0.9 37.311 6.77828 32.59123 0.52 12.23092 9.69 7.130 2.080 8.645 5.347 11.674 5.81 10.374 60.57 5.24103 14.06908 28.1 21.15113 9.50 19.40392 6.598 6.475 12.694 8.006 16.455 6.0.31026 4.61766 0.636 54.242 63.421 5.74329 36.55895 6.511 4.697 13.623 11.26727 7.172 7.161 43.733 4.86908 4.59320 0.160 17.88 11.48635 0.59005 2.67612 39.47065 2.772 6.79940 0.21062 1.0 32.920 1.9 42.555 34.23581 25.079 5.88582 3.00122 2.926 0.608 13.434 4.395 27.96 3.17539 4.173 21.39530 0.192 1.565 0.852 15.966 11.96727 1.95792 30.5 35.19759 3.33 30.043 5.21 5.555 43.53032 43.6 16.8 45.73 0.5 46.212 2.66 2.0 18.543 12.768 58.79864 2.1 64.26 2.0 41.346 42.56 4.424 10.778 21.17315 51.639 5.867 16.758 11.1 21.111 1.64751 0.17 6.50 6.0 51.178 6.5 29.917 5.515 22.2 22.55773 16.90 14.912 20.36986 22.737 5.432 52.456 10.548 5.9 16.93 2.909 13.61569 25.49 1.881 6.7 54.96410 19.964 5.295 0.41 0.1 30.169 5.657 9.321 34.646 20.01956 35.76774 0.302 37.932 23.475 32.246 41.5 13.541 5.70156 19.9 28.505 57.754 5.7 71.818 27.606 0.14016 1.8 32.04385 1.45682 0.656 5.18582 9.9 25.74737 0.88943 8.791 4.168 6.11 1.899 48.54577 0.41810 9.98948 3.4 35.926 0.61 2.259 14.778 17.594 5.1 86.040 10.910 50.310 5.5 45.481 50.293 40.081 21.35098 1.78504 11.617 4.949 24.56682 1.52279 0.938 39.052 6.10 20.954 55.84246 5.450 5.90528 36.70635 1.389 10.012 32.086 25.1 11.41532 0.

952 88.66094 73.344 98.7 53.72700 115 59.94323 51.889 86.5 73.2 84.431 .098 55.8 118 75.0 103 112 65.344 75.232 100.040 69.27885 56.8 60.715 63.93967 96.030 80.256 104 121 101.648 52.980 68.518 63.3 55.8 70.76613 74.258 93.060 67.487 69.404 135 157 118 136 81.848 71.67240 79.997 60.717 78.659 115.0 86.573 92.73702 88.888 109.116 103.95.407 57.801 86.92367 61.5 64.8 101 57.

017 ft/sec (or Less) For Laminar Flow: V = (or Less) For Critical Zone Flow: V = 0.For Laminar Flow: V = 0.034 ft/sec (or Less) For Critical Zone Flow: V = (or Less) .

6240 inches I.000096 hf. D.20 Inch Schedule 40 Steel Pipe Asphalt-Dipped Cast Iron Pipe 18. ft per V V2/2g ft/sec 100' pipe ft/sec ft . ft per V hf. = (e/D) = 0. D.8120 inches I. = 22. = 20.000080 (e/D) = V hf.0000 inches (e/D) = 0. D. ft per V2/2g V2/2g 100' pipe ft/sec 100' pipe ft ft 24 Inch Schedule 40 Steel Pipe Asphalt-Dipped Cast Iro I.000240 0.

.

718 0.357 0.437 1.0196 0.408 0.859 2.02534 0.674 0.00299 0.01186 0.00089 0.02227 0.0812 1.01673 0.430 1.0934 0.0365 0.0648 0.08284 0.851 0.00621 0.0162 0.370 3.489 1.736 0.596 1.0422 0.798 0.715 0.13999 0.284 0.1013 0.532 1.206 0.0468 1.603 0.00584 0.00897 0.16236 0.0332 0.624 .958 0.319 0.00418 0.225 0.23940 0.532 0.01426 1.22552 0.235 2.0998 1.390 0.638 0.714 2.676 3.00634 0.00146 0.08910 0.03208 0.213 0.268 0.00685 0.0318 0.472 3.08326 0.00405 0.18638 0.357 0.394 2.0146 0.758 0.479 0.279 0.135 1.919 0.01869 0.1096 0.00432 0.314 2.222 0.0.00802 0.359 0.00331 0.00990 0.451 2.838 1.00691 0.0188 0.0171 0.567 0.232 3.021 1.247 0.128 2.00267 0.460 0.953 0.00356 0.13553 0.0049 0.0146 0.042 2.210 0.166 0.817 0.399 0.00496 0.519 0.00490 0.038 1.0533 0.0177 0.269 0.461 0.00247 0.02071 0.00200 0.09133 0.664 0.1363 0.28351 0.00178 0.562 0.511 0.01325 0.11928 0.0249 0.075 2.0117 0.00794 0.915 1.146 0.01015 0.00199 0.00197 0.19901 0.940 2.10781 0.12830 0.00485 0.836 1.0330 1.0233 0.676 1.1182 0.00767 0.064 1.634 2.554 0.631 1.05302 0.10023 0.00928 0.0318 0.07476 0.0227 0.00419 0.123 2.319 0.559 0.05702 0.00518 0.779 0.02861 0.15097 0.00893 0.140 2.12127 0.00918 0.00912 0.00875 0.01940 0.986 2.25369 0.187 0.0715 0.0415 0.678 0.00371 0.474 2.177 0.0785 0.0131 0.599 0.756 0.064 3.11444 0.340 2.1271 0.780 0.709 0.766 0.21206 0.199 0.970 1.0538 0.0272 0.00328 0.411 2.199 2.155 0.00626 0.01165 0.0117 0.638 0.05985 0.03960 0.0934 2.01198 0.03500 0.0219 0.0700 1.188 2.613 0.0585 0.277 1.757 0.09514 0.0104 0.00186 0.02506 0.426 0.26839 0.0499 1.00557 0.239 0.962 3.347 1.655 2.07217 0.868 0.00259 0.634 1.0152 0.10137 0.145 2.878 0.06187 0.04366 0.560 0.418 1.04660 0.06692 0.05237 0.00645 0.166 3.057 2.306 0.02982 0.915 0.0525 0.00121 0.349 2.773 1.01677 0.0274 0.00158 0.995 2.01496 0.12943 0.0650 1.123 1.117 1.00107 0.277 1.873 2.10955 0.03574 0.00332 0.00715 0.482 2.328 1.553 2.00258 0.922 0.07761 0.0669 0.17416 0.702 1.516 1.553 2.06710 0.993 1.00746 0.439 0.04791 0.156 0.793 2.248 0.355 0.04059 0.496 0.574 3.0427 0.0129 0.00254 0.197 1.844 1.174 2.0858 0.

7 14.276 22.2 18.00 9.18 1.731 30.539 10.07 2.56 7.40093 0.546 3.766 2.911 3.0.671 0.028 6.9 33.01474 1.405 0.272 0.510 14.929 10.981 8.69221 22.286 0.4 4.29 4.602 17.220 9.89345 0.4 24.858 21.13731 27.67 6.188 5.58 3.779 9.807 40.26 0.558 19.789 0.53433 2.4 25.637 32.48509 0.1 12.475 3.1 25.45 2.1 28.33135 0.36531 0.358 0.50580 2.376 3.3 20.98997 1.49983 4.48 7.39 1.0 12.98492 0.2 20.34812 0.191 9.698 4.98211 3.298 3.29947 0.389 0.800 0.617 6.30152 5.6 16.056 6.22744 2.205 12.80188 0.7 9.35639 5.29 1.0 16.366 15.962 17.96 2.22 18.259 0.801 8.15057 0.769 13.990 4.76138 23.552 28.784 0.289 0.68 6.645 0.20047 0.361 2.80 3.352 0.247 0.135 11.62645 0.86899 2.113 26.490 0.7 14.0 23.74553 0.850 42.385 6.7 14.986 6.9 23.79146 5.596 4.493 4.455 4.31 1.57380 3.120 2.2 22.892 44.5 40.3 15.721 0.70974 7.766 13.7 26.6 21.908 2.432 3.39 18.29 4.173 11.113 3.41826 0.94034 2.510 9.685 0.91 1.404 3.297 15.373 0.033 3.319 16.314 0.924 33.18305 0.120 3.340 17.681 0.375 11.98 11.533 0.33 13.837 2.7 28.49623 1.10 3.96 5.32538 1.149 7.85 9.63358 0.35 6.389 4.184 15.021 0.62 1.881 3.71525 7.41936 0.441 0.551 0.327 31.319 5.17463 0.680 34.638 7.5 19.591 3.23769 0.51773 0.91 9.149 3.595 30.3 36.68 5.34 4.191 3.520 35.467 24.831 3.13 14.25 5.18 3.02319 11.44 3.950 28.96 12.11 1.383 6.276 14.154 2.15840 0.674 6.935 1.368 29.862 1.257 0.38291 0.234 0.55686 0.584 6.192 3.0 12.8 17.07091 2.391 4.234 12.694 24.8 14.347 12.90975 25.45746 0.187 4.347 7.29904 0.19787 1.65 4.512 3.164 15.181 3.333 0.243 3.979 0.86102 3.964 5.751 0.49722 0.1 20.786 31.43820 0.212 11.65954 5.62 0.568 1.10 5.47714 0.722 10.794 0.765 38.901 4.343 0.42 7.4 16.425 22.6 18.67 12.943 8.695 2.8 29.9 11.404 20.587 5.46 1.1 36.085 4.70 2.05898 4.959 1.671 3.971 12.106 5.14295 0.577 0.050 3.092 7.92842 5.7 27.08 9.31498 0.902 5.127 0.610 4.15 4.70224 2.170 8.9 28.750 6.004 5.328 0.4 31.262 3.272 3.2 .255 1.47597 8.2 23.16489 1.21868 0.638 11.737 7.300 0.22809 0.582 7.343 0.20751 3.6 18.87496 1.17 9.4 18.67 4.66 0.531 26.382 19.85 8.475 14.28363 10.24749 0.2 25.42556 10.702 10.116 8.74 3.935 21.04 1.85 6.20948 0.54 11.67305 1.372 4.67743 1.95989 4.439 19.19166 0.6 16.16641 0.255 0.306 3.659 8.183 7.983 4.6 31.

6 13.2 30.4 91.5 101.8 39.6 74.7 51.7 117 59.098 49.5 49.8 89.381 71.866 59.7 63.308 39.4 46.7 29.920 78.828 67.4 71.7 22.3 57.8 47.282 168 187 207 129 143 158 91.042 35.752 112 120 167 194 223 103 119 137 92.790 95.169 61.8 24.4 29.9 22.905 43.5 55.8 62.190 56.736 60.5 79.0 120 143 49.3 15.374 70.2 77.5 74.0 48.5 132.857 63.5 61.0 88.062 56.712 38.0 63.885 20.7 55.3 102 115 66.104 103.4 34.700 86.623 34.6 34.125 131 146 162 113 126 139 71.6 89.018 102.552 87.4 35.4 78.460 39.5 26.2 103.912 97.3 37.828 75.806 68.847 67.3 99.9 35.2 14.0 58.594 81.644 53.5 150 67.487 76.895 47.2 37.012 85.2 89.7 32.1 40.5 101 51.819 79.8 48.5 18.876 55.771 80.5 116.3 40.4 50.4 36.838 41.43.4 46.3 32.020 51.196 99 106 .275 34.0 68.4 44.977 49.809 87.006 42.2 42.

013 ft/sec (or Less) For Critical Zone Flow: 0.015 ft/sec For Laminar Flow: V = 0.026 ft/sec (or Less) .031 ft/sec For Critical Zone Flow: V = 0.For Laminar Flow: 0.

000621 (e/D) = 0. ft per V2/2g 100' pipe ft 30 Inch Schedule 40 Steel Pipe Asphalt-Dipped Cast Iron Pipe I. = 29.0000 inches (e/D) = 0. D.0000 inches I. ft per V hf. D.nch Asphalt-Dipped Cast Iron Pipe 24.000200 hf.0000 inches 0. = 30. ft per V2/2g V2/2g ft/sec 100' pipe ft/sec 100' pipe ft ft .000160 V hf.

.

050201 0.631 0.002649 0.00986 0.039224 0.024789 0.01532 0.002313 0.486 0.000648 0.015497 0.002970 0.0398 1.00652 0.386 0.316 1.00231 0.0276 1.00205 0.437 0.243 0.001370 0.00782 0.026928 0.00876 .272 0.311 0.001153 0.00577 0.700 1.010374 0.923 0.00096 0.971 1.0148 1.02822 0.030771 0.00330 0.182 0.10131 0.041497 0.05699 0.250 0.000800 0.00440 0.227 0.457 1.001320 0.021122 0.817 0.044 1.00070 0.454 0.047524 0.0248 0.726 0.001353 0.194 0.00280 0.00814 0.039933 0.00376 0.117 1.590 0.04503 0.545 0.001109 0.08513 0.011559 0.00390 0.04886 0.01759 0.004437 0.004611 0.498 1.00163 0.01126 0.09576 0.00633 0.006276 0.316 0.033003 0.03127 0.02001 0.030839 0.025103 0.014668 0.00187 0.389 0.413 0.263 1.862 0.037550 0.07512 0.00383 0.0206 1.001569 0.034869 0.534 0.554 0.000512 0.295 0.043835 0.729 0.00195 0.011881 0.005411 0.002890 0.000743 0.089 1.318 0.037015 0.00281 0.08005 0.908 0.013238 0.0563 1.003874 0.00125 0.267 0.002347 0.452 0.007204 0.023342 0.069 0.028818 0.044920 0.204 0.00284 0.0135 0.042390 0.001549 0.777 0.000540 0.271 1.00202 0.012808 0.0132 0.749 1.006197 0.00244 0.214 1.681 0.010598 0.679 0.001797 0.000917 0.0.00720 0.003309 0.00236 0.020012 0.03784 0.003667 0.364 0.00514 0.009387 0.0759 1.166 1.002063 0.0186 0.0173 0.008197 0.680 0.00137 0.953 0.028749 0.00128 0.01321 0.499 0.020 1.016171 0.00480 0.00452 0.00565 0.000821 0.009254 0.02259 0.00500 0.291 0.019398 0.03447 0.797 0.543 1.407 1.06574 0.014121 0.635 0.363 0.772 0.999 0.032788 0.219 0.225 0.022919 0.362 1.001801 0.000969 0.00158 0.340 0.04135 0.00706 0.408 0.0216 0.00597 0.603 1.05284 0.00724 0.007187 0.016938 0.005280 0.00147 0.002049 0.003202 0.06129 0.340 0.826 0.035240 0.10702 0.180 1.09037 0.583 0.008251 0.07036 0.00946 0.589 1.018443 0.651 1.026732 0.017748 0.634 1.021645 0.000587 0.0102 0.461 0.360 1.02533 0.002594 0.135 1.506 1.409 1.0262 0.431 0.00343 0.874 0.

058672 0.18769 0.67 3.351 0.18011 0.077593 0.0320 0.085 4.75889 2.11288 0.496 2.059204 0.277 0.801 12.629 13.94589 1.43 2.371 0.149735 4.429 20.186 2.829 0.196 0.993 5.234687 0.752405 5.100 0.297025 0.598 0.5 13.00489 9.3 12.404 3.074256 0.539 4.098 1.627583 0.938747 1.078 9.343 5.123130 5.572 15.524 15.901 6.844327 1.75 9.571 0.543 16.040 0.061642 0.286 7.368 0.320196 0.067802 0.701461 1.464 0.288977 0.56480 0.631 3.11890 0.156 19.401 21.239028 10.14454 0.478 0.82204 3.332 2.943 1.28142 0.059757 1.466792 1.067753 0.119 0.183 0.204925 0.248 18.906 0.088 2.157 3.572 0.718728 0.703 .549747 1.149 0.754986 4.129 0.340 17.90 8.089 2.13141 0.986 10.709 13.12874 7.614 4.648251 6.997 2.950 3.800 7.0750 0.046236 0.43972 0.170 8.387437 0.720440 0.284 0.725 1.732 8.861 1.070993 0.122 2.825070 0.211 0.260 0.624 9.925365 0.00122 2.455 0.380 2.65 6.774818 2.372 4.10 7.0488 2.224 2.076879 0.0535 2.893 1.61 11.38305 0.115270 0.264939 4.857 5.53219 1.617 14.715 10.770 1.179 2.234 2.17268 0.32112 1.099271 0.716 0.180110 0.03555 8.0354 1.21 2.70551 0.0690 0.179682 0.155906 1.623625 5.71 4.088044 0.300281 3.03677 3.081004 0.12508 0.5 17.259358 0.295118 5.16 8.112180 0.133 0.037434 1.50275 1.15830 0.486 18.991 2.132011 3.372 4.819701 0.064686 0.13119 11.723 0.528045 6.19543 0.515 2.816 1.080049 0.229 9.15134 0.846 1.206268 0.16541 0.262 7.23647 0.052951 0.198987 2.330945 0.177 3.064840 0.53280 2.056483 0.808 7.188101 1.32 4.135283 0.269 2.541131 0.312 4.33028 0.97 5.78356 4.510334 2.12691 3.643 3.672 2.12569 1.323779 1.63320 0.8 15.053825 0.867166 6.25919 0.061990 0.354 6.231341 4.600 14.816 1.658 5.366698 0.772 8.278803 3.257 0.137 2.886 4.0923 0.686 11.063 19.400 3.432 2.447 0.129 0.80 2.096859 0.073773 0.283 0.314 6.478878 2.0400 0.50031 0.0440 1.161 0.280782 1.084487 0.429 2.1 7.110926 0.154930 0.78173 0.070731 0.881761 3.443704 0.042 2.051231 0.57 2.461082 5.055775 0.458 19.63 10.11 1.35 12.28448 6.858 0.149 2.619719 0.0.77 0.156896 0.971 4.914 0.164522 2.743 9.048702 0.468551 7.091674 0.13790 0.83 16.894 1.952 1.874912 3.

16.1 13.1 11.685918 11.759327 23.778 95 100 104 116 128 141 155 54.289 97.430 38.5 30.715 11.5 34.859 77.2 43.7 60.850 43.622 77.161 54.167447 26.716 46.3 44.4939 29.0 43.7 46.2 31.9 48.964 27.239 90.717 82.7 87.38 6.4 19.5 13.9 26.430 58.5 28.7 18.9 54.005 63.5 22.2 65.573 53.0 19.5 12.144 48.5 40.2011 20.8 67.0 20.0 50.572 34.377307 8.5 24.7 106 104 109 113 169 184 200 89.6 113 43.287 15.6 28.0 105 4.8 25.8 72.5 23.467 132 153 176 91.3 48.5 106 121 63.9 32.344 7.0 67.0 4.0 20.775339 7.580 13.1 38.0945 36.0926 29.0 38.544 68.19 8.2 48.6 33.448720 24.6268 23.503 31.30 6.2 94.694 24.7 61.5 23.6 24.286 9.0 43.5 33.700 86.0 82.23 8.6 16.004891 9.0 38.4930 17.389 49.772 34.8 81.001 36.8 59.9 28.145 68.0 56.4687 26.6 96.119 45.1 63.5 81.233 6.311 38.7 39.5 15.1 62.042 36.431 92.1 73.5 18.574 62 72 83 94 106 28.315 8.858 41.002 72.879 21.0 81.3704 52.6698 44.0 92.9682 20.2 97.146 102 107 119 132 147 162 177 54.144 13.7 112 117 121 194 211 229 88.288 29.0 20.787 22.3 38.43 11.5 22.6 78.7025 33.083 72.8 17.4 .3 70.8045 13.928 54.6 74.7 33.9 17.5 78.39 10.

010 ft/sec (or Less) For Critical Zone Flow: V = 0.020 ft/sec (or Less) .For Laminar Flow: V = 0.

000050 0.0000 inches Steel Pipe Cast Iron Pipe e/d = 0. = V ft/sec . = V ft/sec 42 Inch 42.36 Inch 36. D. ft per 100' V2/2g pipe pipe ft I. D.000043 0.000114 hf. ft per 100' hf.000133 hf.0000 inches Steel Pipe Cast Iron Pipe e/d = 0. ft per 100' V2/2g pipe pipe ft I. ft per 100' hf.

.

440 0.718 0.003334 0.005209 0.072 1.504 0.103 1.001009 0.02001 0.536 0.756 0.004801 0.232 0.004034 0.00343 0.008535 0.00481 0.914 0.000988 0.00357 0.441 0.00347 0.01892 0.00181 0.002409 0.00101 0.00470 0.371 0.347 0.741 0.851 0.007501 0.315 0.001200 0.394 0.00164 0.01682 0.00957 .00538 0.001875 0.509 0.00751 0.630 0.00246 0.00500 0.00140 0.834 0.008010 0.005634 0.473 0.010210 0.567 0.463 0.00285 0.00098 0.00261 0.00187 0.00454 0.00295 0.01126 0.857 0.648 0.00721 0.00344 0.000977 0.002701 0.486 0.0101 0.347 0.811 0.01211 0.602 0.00353 0.00186 0.01785 0.001409 0.00237 0.662 0.00137 0.00446 0.820 0.009077 0.166 0.788 0.410 0.00557 0.011411 0.599 0.00618 0.00747 0.01484 0.003009 0.417 0.324 0.01044 0.00252 0.00303 0.0.00168 0.977 1.010802 0.00231 0.004409 0.00395 0.946 0.040 1.764 0.001634 0.301 0.556 0.009635 0.009 0.533 0.378 0.01390 0.000471 0.787 0.00681 0.695 0.672 0.00517 0.00154 0.002134 0.006535 0.01581 1.625 0.00965 0.006076 0.135 1.00817 0.255 0.725 0.00889 0.883 0.003676 0.579 0.693 0.007010 0.02114 0.000833 0.01299 0.278 0.00222 0.

0942 0.227 0.019204 0.20 1.0161 0.043 5.040841 0.15442 0.213375 0.084 2.0258 0.38974 1.03267 0.08686 0.035215 0.200 2.00580 0.020837 0.941 .04671 0.0442 1.337 8.021 6.364 2.547 2.480093 0.358 0.0591 0.963521 0.653460 0.0162 0.779 0.304 6.02349 0.300892 0.88943 8.086 10.413 4.075223 0.088 0.126 0.016136 0.0128 0.26096 0.937 0.0369 0.203 0.0122 0.049 2.263 9.513 1.30265 0.242 3.717 1.78504 11.12508 0.195 8.0441 0.274 1.505 1.1.02724 1.00602 0.03860 0.621 1.837 2.010 3.98948 0.61766 0.00720 0.015411 0.0276 0.674 5.869 2.0314 0.996 1.158 1.0222 0.39530 0.617 6.0551 0.387 1.03127 0.112 1.270053 0.012677 0.418 1.903 0.248 4.00915 0.025213 0.800 9.0122 0.316 2.403412 0.0829 0.0337 0.13936 0.279 1.0944 0.33 1.540 0.50031 0.168 4.874 0.0185 0.705 3.994 3.853 1.968 0.135 1.104 0.012036 0.229 1.726 10.152 3.05559 2.0475 0.04385 1.067513 0.0260 1.433 0.00874 0.737 1.0641 0.679 0.115 0.34743 0.095 5.58121 1.22236 4.826 9.016878 0.180 0.490 0.947 7.140861 0.0208 0.880 0.00750 0.47065 2.120023 0.053344 0.03708 0.0758 0.949 0.0276 0.02596 0.934 7.11157 2.410 7.728 5.44626 5.734 1.238 13.347 11.139 0.324 0.02855 0.018412 0.55744 0.250 0.61 0.187536 0.853499 0.163365 0.333398 0.355 1.02989 0.632 5.00122 2.0129 0.973 0.576 1.474 3.608 13.400 4.563443 0.0152 0.08 8.127 0.0172 0.03411 1.978 12.020012 0.261 1.22976 2.891 0.08 1.019 1.558 0.989 6.21062 1.083350 0.065 1.09883 0.206 2.0670 2.467 3.02471 0.292 1.103 0.014011 0.06524 0.098 4.450 1.481 0.0724 0.162 3.544 1.456 10.18684 0.750146 0.0593 0.926 0.02230 0.046884 0.279 0.013336 0.017637 0.042 1.565 0.389 0.47 1.72389 2.07566 0.198 1.0196 0.782 0.100853 0.240880 0.484 6.030006 0.189 1.0345 0.060220 0.74737 0.014703 0.0477 0.522 2.03558 0.

00 15.040 66.0 102 15.336 18.98 3.92 2.2 16.3 53.50 10.8 80.50764 13.5 36.68571 75.3 55.25 3.8 21.2 17.52 3.98 5.68425 22.760 17.3 30.42 2.0 52.9 1.800 96.1 75.74393 61.33 10.7 47.75 7.116 11.064 7.0 30.69 5.2 115.82 6.760 0.81 3.58 8.2 25.09716 74.14.0 41.0 46.9 12.92 2.1 48.0 30.48 1.560 139 110 189 126 247 1.3 18.1 67.55773 3.6 50.5 81.1 41.74345 39.26743 3.4 34.9 27.648 88.66 1.23 4.368 29.672 37.03057 55.1 16.27 1.8 0.9 14.4 14.280 50.05 9.68586 25.3 22.976 44.584 26.73702 72.12 9.57 2.1 39.912 3.344 50.8 17.23581 40.08 2.08 4.67106 5.1 92.15651 28.946 1.88258 26.3 48.520 34.668 0.09 1.40 2.52 4.52405 22.8 22.888 63.736 59.6 57.496 81.7 73.128 47.50958 94.4 18.07 2.7 37.53032 44.640 8.33 6.0 58.8 44.6 104.9 69.130 15.3 24.7 3.58 10.944 31.86038 4.216 9.6 12.2 59.44153 18.652 11.59 5.8 40.7 13.93598 15.432 53.58 8.6 22.0 87.4 26.66 4.3 34.7 44.56635 23.499 15.824 12.6 50.00 11.30 4.3 49.67 4.5 27.1 33.76613 68.1 16.76 1.52 8.1 26.08 2.64 6.26540 34.1 133 169 208 39.34 5.4 67.94323 78.9 21.6 .8 6.792 11.62603 56.02 20.0 23.1 32.45 1.68 2.46 7.4 18.3 36.09619 30.09 12.55895 20.192 69.3 105 10.5 19.488 6.

For Laminar Flow: V = #DIV/0! ft/sec (or Less) For Laminar Flow: V = #DIV/0! ft/sec (or Less) For Critical Zone Flow: V = #DIV/0! ft/sec (or Less) For Critical Zone Flow: V = #DIV/0! ft/sec (or Less) .

000033 hf. ft per 100' V2/2g pipe pipe ft I. ft per 100' hf.000100 hf. = V ft/sec 54 Inch 54.000038 0. = V ft/sec . D.0000 inches Steel Pipe Cast Iron Pipe e/d = 0.0000 Steel Pipe e/d = 0. ft per 100' V2/2g pipe ft I.48 Inch 48. D.

.

420 0.550 0.00258 0.00411 0.000855 0.00176 0.00122 0.434 0.355 0.000521 0.00245 0.372 0.00180 0.00236 0.00305 0.00633 0.496 0.00374 0.00395 0.00222 0.00191 0.00330 0.337 0.280 0.364 0.00215 0.000883 0.00500 0.00134 .378 0.00133 0.00669 0.448 0.00293 0.00281 0.000488 0.00125 0.518 0.294 0.426 0.00176 0.00418 0.00532 0.00470 0.00440 0.00238 0.00185 0.00148 0.461 0.532 0.476 0.00353 0.00275 0.000733 0.00239 0.504 0.392 0.336 0.479 0.0.585 0.408 0.284 0.406 0.00129 0.00565 0.00206 0.322 0.000508 0.266 0.00599 0.00312 0.00141 0.319 0.621 0.00257 0.308 0.490 0.656 0.603 0.567 0.00332 0.00102 0.390 0.638 0.462 0.301 0.443 0.00158 0.350 0.00161 0.00135 0.00383 0.00356 0.00195 0.00110 0.514 0.

482 2.014 0.700 0.961 2.604 5.10993 0.00760 0.727 0.63320 0.596 1.00440 0.128 0.48803 0.00610 0.101 2.86185 0.05155 0.911 0.833 0.00920 0.0422 1.0224 1.0129 0.20619 0.00821 0.0.064 0.05912 0.0598 0.121 1.00903 0.780 0.03691 0.00591 0.00476 0.02471 0.33028 0.546 0.01478 0.610 4.560 0.04392 0.950 2.124 0.401 1.0327 0.763 0.01098 0.0219 0.383 6.00213 0.12508 0.00890 0.028 0.00474 0.17569 0.0163 0.0648 2.00172 0.01716 0.981 1.00488 0.00513 0.884 6.082 3.191 3.01289 0.0713 0.362 0.01759 1.00645 0.644 0.00946 0.05978 0.00844 0.588 0.709 0.532 0.0108 0.04409 0.630 0.261 1.869 0.00763 0.447 7.323 5.0114 0.08815 0.802 3.203 4.31234 0.00391 0.330 1.975 1.00732 0.241 1.06863 0.56480 6.382 0.70551 0.14120 3.01126 0.01034 0.03957 0.0171 0.00862 0.38305 0.691 0.00314 0.964 5.23647 0.00464 0.00618 0.11011 0.616 0.483 4.851 0.00458 0.03530 1.816 0.522 2.00257 0.19543 0.191 0.737 7.142 3.00743 0.821 1.092 7.28142 4.770 0.043 5.02753 0.574 0.00358 0.78173 0.672 0.546 3.331 1.681 0.602 0.0305 0.00304 0.17638 0.773 1.01221 0.15830 0.541 1.00564 0.837 3.02748 0.662 2.922 4.686 0.745 0.00636 0.801 0.305 2.07808 0.09576 0.01495 0.02064 0.255 0.00782 0.00989 0.53805 0.0142 0.01173 0.0273 0.01952 0.0333 .00706 0.901 4.152 1.00667 0.507 0.23913 0.00674 0.09883 0.0229 0.0488 0.59051 0.659 2.27452 0.0134 0.01079 0.798 0.03127 0.841 0.051 1.0173 0.369 3.02394 0.00703 0.658 0.241 2.02204 0.886 0.674 6.08257 0.642 3.0529 0.03050 0.00378 0.94589 0.222 0.00538 0.128 0.00923 0.44045 0.39530 0.684 1.04886 0.12201 0.319 5.07036 2.50031 0.418 1.35260 0.14763 0.762 0.0391 0.248 5.674 0.164 0.43972 0.

28 13.12569 1.968 1.52999 16.1 30.0 70.548 0.6 10.004 7.76254 0.0 16.751 10.80846 8.384 0.724 7.5 30.341 0.4 12.05 5.19 8.92 3.6 97.88 11.20375 12.8 0.1 37.83 5.652 0.849 0.7 6.0 77.8 2.5 21.7 29.12691 3.75889 11.6 19.25700 24.2 33.586 0.2 62.92268 1.2 19.09806 9.64542 0.2 39.4 23.3 3.00 13.1 48.0 42.8 61.6 24.69072 4.9 36.8 17.9 7.484 0.32 6.3 14.1 129 149 28.6 40.7 19.2 29.358 0.0 84.2 .50 1.49459 1.9 17.9 33.0 25.3 53.6 35.2 9.40 23.4 13.8 9.0 56.47795 1.8 17.01115 28.3 92.6 13.8 11.189 0.70276 0.0 22.5 37.6 44.2 31.87 2.865 9.15 2.8.1 98.2 32.91181 7.28870 1.11 4.99304 28.715 1.71573 1.3 14.207 11.705 8.95750 4.03555 23.6 19.38 1.1 25.0 15.3 15.1 0.39226 18.8 76.26 3.02 1.8 14.5 21.0 63.30 1.524 12.97 31.405 0.5 23.5 30.0 12.0 49.4 16.6 44.74826 3.908 1.8 42.4 4.88580 5.8 5.0 59.5 91.8 44.156 8.267 0.80 2.4 18.1 148 176 20.81502 25.507 11.8 88.05018 3.444 6.7 35.9 79.8 28.806 10.47065 2.6 11.4 13.40943 4.06425 2.1 2.2 98.3 70.465 0.638 1.1 27.1 17.5 53.106 9.77 9.2 15.22 1.39404 2.97835 6.5 106.0 20.0 15.510 8.4 78.03383 1.5 37.22145 1.88258 26.75279 3.0 8.742 0.51 2.7 33.06 1.0 16.5 44.81 4.86290 7.95211 2.6 21.57616 26.15480 5.1 14.3 109.9 122.26 2.

For Laminar Flow: V = #DIV/0! ft/sec (or Less) For Laminar Flow: V = #DIV/0! ft/sec (or Less) For Critical Zone Flow: V = #DIV/0! ft/sec (or Less) For Critical Zone Flow: V = #DIV/0! ft/sec (or Less) .

000089 hf. ft per 100' pipe 60 Inch 60.0000 inches Steel Pipe Cast Iron Pipe e/d = 0. D. ft per 100' hf.Inch inches Cast Iron Pipe 0. ft per 100' V2/2g pipe pipe ft 72 Inch I. = e/d = V ft/sec V2/2g ft . = V ft/sec I.000080 hf. D.000030 0.

.

306 0.000440 0.244 0.363 0.001923 0.000883 0.250 0.000298 0.197 0.002313 0.001321 .000426 0.329 0.001251 0.252 0.000603 0.001801 0.000652 0.001459 0.272 0.158 0.000498 0.268 0.000812 0.181 0.002451 0.000800 0.000467 0.000969 0.397 0.000988 0.352 0.001251 0.284 0.001116 0.229 0.000386 0.386 0.000556 0.238 0.318 0.0.001182 0.205 0.002740 0.001059 0.260 0.221 0.001051 0.001683 0.000748 0.008240 0.00104 0.001353 0.276 0.340 0.261 0.00138 0.002049 0.001569 0.002594 0.000757 0.000621 0.236 0.189 0.000927 0.284 0.000446 0.292 0.000810 0.295 0.173 0.000293 0.374 0.408 0.165 0.000869 0.000511 0.227 0.000612 0.420 0.001153 0.002179 0.000704 0.213 0.

0460 2.0182 0.00365 0.0140 1.25 1.002890 0.261 1.003474 0.679 0.033821 0.001702 0.0212 1.027891 0.0360 2.00970 0.00550 0.630 0.567 0.48 1.0234 0.681 0.007817 0.049 2.186843 0.00373 0.003364 0.018061 0.016210 0.135 0.95 3.364 2.016310 0.378 0.355 0.443 0.259 0.522 0.005003 0.82 1.353 0.299 0.00105 0.170243 0.63 3.00815 0.0424 0.003530 0.0730 .00216 0.545 0.00297 0.005429 0.021 1.533 0.157 0.205 0.749 0.362 0.891 0.31 4.994 3.001622 0.59 1.039224 0.347 0.394 0.024706 0.50 2.522 2.034840 0.04 2.137 4.93 0.370 0.072244 0.556 0.465 0.946 0.014459 1.00476 0.320 0.340 0.231 0.788 0.00642 0.139360 0.008710 0.078 1.965 0.018916 0.00128 0.006177 0.008455 0.002413 0.433 0.99 0.152 3.009651 0.057835 0.038604 0.00131 0.0198 0.315 0.046711 0.006054 0.13 1.497 1.331 0.386 0.064840 0.002042 0.734 1.00103 0.488 0.867 0.339 0.0294 0.206 2.001468 0.003700 0.00499 0.70 1.00579 0.004235 0.080049 0.00220 0.115270 0.004052 0.591 0.031269 0.00266 0.055590 0.002317 0.020012 0.00155 0.851 0.0102 0.003202 0.111565 0.670 0.086859 0.0108 0.18 3.72 0.00800 0.0131 0.002919 0.00382 0.001544 0.002224 0.021715 0.045028 0.86 0.40 3.54 4.310 3.001954 0.001868 0.512 0.307 0.709 0.004805 0.182 1.576 1.323 0.012808 0.00766 0.552 0.454 0.0137 0.00159 0.431 0.125076 0.473 0.77 4.011678 0.0163 0.006973 0.624 0.065240 0.738 0.004611 0.028818 1.908 0.004421 0.001394 0.289 0.011257 0.36 0.00177 0.00454 0.001784 0.387 0.009806 0.27 2.00285 0.418 1.794 0.08 4.499 0.0.003044 0.013897 0.103 1.511 0.154415 0.002132 0.16 2.051231 0.180 0.096859 0.00223 0.467 0.837 2.004729 0.477 0.0174 0.003874 0.024 1.0782 2.075664 0.004078 0.0800 2.024215 0.098826 0.007204 0.

4 51.092 7.456 0.38 3.7 70.62 3.8 15.8 45.8 6.04 1.9 19.965096 1.158 0.1 90.6 27.2 0.820 1.5 35.0 16.516 5.4 85.542866 0.4 68.51 9.78 20.0 18.67 6.8 16.1 29.237 0.42 2.2 15.65 0.5 2.62 1.880 8.6 98.334 4.81 2.6 22.88 12.39 10.47 2.5.0 67.617661 0.6 5.7 62.5 18.89 2.241274 0.600 0.11 5.92 4.3 54.3 61.83 9.1 27.122 5.67 2.7 23.87 11.56 6.5 39.45 10.4 19.4 43.846 0.806 0.301 0.0 15.124 0.20 1.18 1.5 24.48 3.668 0.3 3.1 63.2 59.28 1.2 28.6 14.07 2.213 0.03 8.52 3.697282 7.387 0.486 7.8 69.5 13.112 0.1 112.8 47.13 3.26 4.22 3.6 51.461 0.0 29.2 55.78 11.7 23.167766 1.0 40.2 28.6 128 0.8 25.92 4.94 8.930 1.0 33.71 18.940 4.8 84.820 12.6 19.22 8.0 40.79 14.3 15.20 5.4 1.45 5.6 1.0 24.0 6.500 0.3 12.5 50.88 14.48 7.2 34.0 19.86 4.1 7.7 31.38 7.720 7.23 9.291941 0.59 2.59 11.12 5.408 0.52 1.126 1.1 56.244 11.9 78.50 5.0 73.910 6.63 1.3 3.69 5.0 39.781728 0.981 1.2 19.307 0.81 0.605 0.472897 0.6 13.222358 0.407753 0.7 16.7 10.42 9.24 6.8 16.0 24.00 2.530 0.668 9.204214 0.0 25.9 14.478 0.4 34.5 72.275 0.69 11.0 60.21 10.00 8.87 .032 11.53 12.698 0.782 3.7 39.1 32.22 5.08 9.4 21.5 17.728 0.176 0.6 22.2 22.420 0.17 2.2 20.7 26.304 6.8 79.870999 0.32 1.347434 5.211 0.625 3.688 0.60 4.1 18.82 26.423 0.40 11.9 17.01 7.3 47.01 9.34 8.344 0.62 1.

For Laminar Flow: V = #DIV/0! ft/sec (or Less) For Laminar Flow: V = #DIV/0! (or Less) For Critical Zone Flow: V = #DIV/0! ft/sec (or Less) For Critical Zone Flow: V = #DIV/0! (or Less) .

= V ft/sec .72 Inch 72. ft per 100' hf. D. ft per 100' pipe pipe 84 Inch 84. ft per 100' hf.000057 hf.000025 0.0000 inches Steel Pipe Cast Iron Pipe 0.0000 inches Steel Pipe Cast Iron Pipe e/d = 0.000066 hf. ft per 100' V2/2g pipe pipe ft I.000021 0.

.

000336 0.000123 0.214 0.000125 0.000713 0.000602 0.000122 .191 0.000342 0.179 0.000258 0.000254 0.000533 0.000501 0.000567 0.185 0.0.000675 0.197 0.000469 0.000638 0.174 0.203 0.208 0.000121 0.

0169 0.0151 0.00096 0.0184 1.97 0.00110 0.00384 0.00316 0.000717 0.16 1.347 0.00125 0.000752 0.00120 0.0320 2.00105 0.00822 0.0297 0.0352 0.00154 0.00418 0.00205 0.000309 0.463 0.000540 0.00703 0.00255 0.00158 0.00327 0.00121 0.0139 0.000573 0.000731 0.000206 0.926 0.00376 0.811 0.00118 0.637 0.0188 0.753 0.289 0.000203 0.0752 0.318 0.74 1.272 0.00673 0.000640 0.00333 0.000913 0.0533 0.51 1.00438 0.00150 0.868 0.00088 0.000910 0.00262 0.434 0.000891 0.0252 0.000562 0.27 1.01172 0.00858 0.0133 0.000833 0.232 0.550 0.62 1.0675 0.000792 0.00400 0.0469 0.266 0.000656 0.100 1.695 0.521 0.000530 0.376 0.226 0.0833 0.0208 0.255 0.0300 0.000890 0.55 0.00630 0.278 0.00538 0.000425 0.0408 0.01021 0.08 2.00092 0.249 0.000427 0.220 0.00235 0.284 0.000435 0.1009 0.00130 0.00115 0.00101 0.00193 0.00108 0.00810 0.000432 0.00255 0.00563 0.0919 0.00313 0.00220 0.405 0.00188 0.00227 0.00470 0.00155 0.00293 0.042 1.00110 0.00880 0.243 0.0173 0.261 0.0148 .0.00329 0.85 1.579 0.492 0.984 0.00186 0.00422 0.0602 0.00521 0.00199 0.237 0.43 2.00859 1.000308 0.20 2.32 2.00150 0.39 0.00750 0.

193 0.69 5.11 8.26 4.6 40.76 3.376 5.516 0.021 1.458 0.6 12.5 43.94 6.166 0.51 10.7 8.21 5.0558 0.93 4.78 2.5 17.0321 0.88 2.10 .52 5.111 0.58 5.0226 0.47 5.0298 0.522 0.1 5.52 0.216 0.2 47.880 0.97 3.0212 0.30 1.47 6.14 1.750 7.0 37.521 0.0 52.2 12.08 2.26 9.89 3.53 8.90 3.122 0.333 0.0850 0.0493 0.3 37.475 0.168 0.736 2.880 1.95 0.00 11.138 0.42 11.79 6.23 13.0700 0.0 25.149 0.69 6.272 0.237 0.14 2.365 0.64 6.0450 0.47 0.04 3.61 8.271 0.242 0.83 11.42 1.2 26.4 20.1 7.120 0.18 3.5 29.297 0.110 0.66 4.630 0.33 10.321 0.189 0.9 14.188 3.4 14.293 0.20 5.0.04 2.05 4.65 2.54 1.9 31.50 23.37 6.9 42.16 3.0513 0.45 4.600 0.3 2.0637 0.0660 0.7 1.0398 0.52 7.50 3.8 18.0 15.67 9.422 0.255 0.1 55.2 22.66 2.68 9.0781 0.0700 0.69 1.92 0.81 10.649 0.4 46.00 4.43 3.1 11.8 34.154 0.122 0.5 13.158 0.740 1.642 0.78 2.56 2.00 1.130 0.3 49.32 8.34 4.58 7.00 3.44 1.56 8.29 6.30 2.110 0.14 1.6 2.3 13.38 0.334 2.220 0.1 28.0 57.0640 0.47 2.0431 0.414 0.470 0.95 6.0940 0.87 12.33 1.172 1.3 33.64 2.00 1.5 13.88 4.8 1.92 1.76 4.6 52.50 5.84 0.63 4.

ft/sec For Laminar Flow: V = #DIV/0! ft/sec (or Less) ft/sec For Critical Zone Flow: V = #DIV/0! ft/sec (or Less) al Zone Flow: .

184 0.016719 0.102 0.8226 7.069 0.01745 0.0351 8.300 0.1796 8.3037 8.956 42.857 0.016395 0.371 62.307 55.2048 8.9926 7.613 59.517 57.2280 8.016204 0.016572 0.86 1.862 59.557 0.01799 0.4 3.9993 3.6548 4.016293 0.8801 6.016343 0.994 60.219 0.924 57.6608 7.340 11.94924 1.4308 7.545 1.115 0.812 59.From: Crane Tech Paper #410 Physical Properties of Water Saturation Temperature Specific Pressure o F Volume ft3/lb psia 32 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 110 120 130 140 150 160 170 180 190 200 210 212 220 240 260 280 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 0.2750 1.121 0.02674 0.681 0.569 60.550 61.508 0.02176 0.305 62.713 61.214 62.306 1.2230 2.5110 9.376 61.6927 2.8892 3.016019 0.005 134.397 27.345 0.3451 8.50683 0.091 0.9957 7.016247 0.1717 6.016022 0. Absolute Viscosity Centipoise (m) 1.081 58.25611 0.259 422.466 0.696 17.7433 7.3 0.648 51.526 14.614 0.016050 0.200 67.9691 7.787 60.131 0.153 0.045.269 0.301 37.426 62.016451 0.1260 8.016705 0.208.303 0.307 lb/ gallon 8.080 0.3176 8.36292 0.016099 0.996 61.016023 0.016165 0.123 14.285 0.975 0.03662 Density lb/ft3 62.017089 0.116 61.323 0.8980 7.55 680.12163 0.2877 8.69813 0.016130 0.016072 0.862 61.343 60.410 62.017264 0.0024 7.968 35.242 0.370 0.094.01943 0.016033 0.200 0.016510 0.01864 0.0667 8.586 53.7414 5.2697 8.220 62.467 48.0969 8.051 60 oF is the conventional reference temperature of water for the Specific Gravity of liquids .3378 8.6504 Note: Viscosity data taken from the NIST Internet database.398 0.3430 8.2 2.3168 8.543.02364 0.1434 5.016637 0.02043 0.7184 4.5434 6.3290 8.43 1.427 49.1537 8.430 0.761 0.2499 8.604 247.08859 0.016775 0.17796 0.107 59.948 45.791 1.186 24.188 60.016926 0.

entional reference temperature e Specific Gravity of liquids .

8 4.32 246.017335 0.0176 1.324 58.970.017034 0.42 279.0147 1.866 58.917.00187 -0.35045 0.5 4.89 246.02 218.89993 0.908.909 57.988 57.580 7.857.39240 0.017184 0.42302 0.86371 0.89767 0.3 4.18 271.19 240.37630 0.37878 0.017313 0.980.85343 0.158 59.557 58.0082 1.87 287.721 59.40978 0.00207 -0.41826 0.51 244.00216 -0.42146 0.00185 -0.2 4.41495 0.017049 0.99 216.016886 0.00196 -0.00218 -0.02 255.068 58.0241 1.707 58.90 222.0204 1.31882 0.16 255.871 57.0168 1.23 243.00197 -0.017268 0.017302 0.85048 0.00205 -0.86570 0.88794 0.852.615 57.00198 -0.4 4.00201 -0.69 267.09 217.87 213.022.92 250.71 JouleThomson (F/psia) -0.16 234.00217 -0.41 275.833 57.00189 -0.7 4.11 219.7 5.016988 0.30 237.00186 -0.848.0200 1.016972 0.421 59.58 210.044.57 204.017146 0.948 57.59 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 59.280 58.955.00212 -0.54 264.87228 0.73 190.0 4.76 224.85120 0.650 57.00210 -0.1 4.050.84908 0.79 193.89156 0.565 59.32787 0.31 208.02 206.22 251.77 277.922.00192 -0.017019 0.40243 0.75 249.1 5.95 206.016788 0.34354 0.6 4.85267 0.25 260.33988 0.0152 1.796 57.00188 -0.00204 -0.0125 1.017257 0.87868 0.886.016722 0.88305 0.017197 0.38 251.35686 0.4 4.42456 0.03 274.922 58.0227 1.0256 1.85193 0.99 220.79 212.88009 0.00191 -0.656 58.016745 0.0 4.54 233.33 184.37 248.033.017209 0.109 58.017346 0.016955 0.86886 0.53 233.35 290.00203 -0.965.0160 1.8 7.86778 0.941.40 199.37376 0.722 57.0184 1.84840 1.65 196.76 231.017003 0.99 282.84978 0.00199 -0.43 7.0212 1.31391 0.20 227.75 236.096 59.88625 0.85577 0.011.017.60 248.016809 0.0219 1.882.93 261.877.35990 0.017078 0.22 268.812 58.38354 0.29 7.87111 0.48 291.0156 1.606 58.41662 0.9 4.73 193.26 247.00219 -0.41987 0.79 242.00191 -0.017367 181.2 4.0164 1.415 58.00193 -0.7 4.00221 -0.59 196.40432 0.00213 -0.38119 0.85659 0.6 4.33605 0.4 4.40051 0.29 7.2 4.904.87348 0.6 5.51 203.07 250.71 6.36285 0.41 247.00200 -0.85912 0.28 184.017132 0.99 255.6 4.70 239.0234 1.151 58.8 4.42 233.960.7 5.759 58.5 4.47 284.36 225.30 252.028.57 6.0143 1.017233 0.0087 1.1 4.04 234.00214 -0.926.00184 -0.36 250.945.38807 0.3 5.93 215.913.0139 1.32346 0.36570 0.45 228.0130 1.017357 0.00204 -0.00196 -0.18 254.41153 0.32 240.017324 0.37115 0.869.00199 -0.0188 1.0121 1.36847 0.017063 0.04 246.5 4.85420 0.68 226.016868 0.64 187.0245 1.016922 0.037 58.57 5.895.75 253.85498 0.0238 1.017245 0.21 244.77 259.0134 1.41326 0.865.0196 1.55 259.86469 0.00187 -0.0 4.39449 0.2 4.97 201.60 258.39854 0.62 236. (ft/s) 181.Water Phase Data Data on Saturation Curve 7.0102 1.890.59 257.34 228.68 285.508 58.873.04 201.05 288.3 4.86997 0.71 Enthalpy Entropy Cv Cp Sound (Btu/lbm) (Btu/lbm*R) (Btu/lbm*R) (Btu/lbm*R) Spd.88 231.9 4.88462 0.86275 0.86090 0.00209 -0.285 59.686 57.931.80 257.24 283.34 198.11 261.43 Volume (ft3/lbm) Internal Energy (Btu/lbm) 0.86 224.78 240.03 235.18 229.990.0172 1.35371 0.87600 0.369 58.25 0.00208 -0.07 229.0249 1.978 58.88971 0.996.7 4.27 219.00193 -0.85826 0.0192 1.79 190.017221 0.803 59.03 242.11 278.016829 0.21 289.72 280.89350 0.34706 0.641 59.86000 0.985.017291 0.006.461 58.3 5.86672 0.017092 0.0116 1.2 5.0230 1.00189 -0.861.028 57.0208 1.45 237.0077 1.39654 0.66 210.7 5.4 4.38583 0.016904 0.193 58.65 242.017280 0.1 5.39026 0.9 4.00184 .6 4.00185 -0.492 59.78 258.86182 0.01 217.950.352 59.00206 -0.59 187.017119 0.65 245.95 260.21 256.89553 0.08 220.936.0223 1.49 252.0259 5.017105 0.220 59.1 4.01 215.2 4.0107 1.43 6.13 265.2 4.40799 0.33206 0.0180 1.42608 0.42 257.236 58.92 230.06 6.0252 1.0092 1.061.87732 0.5 5.017159 0.00211 -0.99 222.39 222.83 239.016849 0.055.66 252.14 Temperatur Pressure Density e (F) (psia) (lbm/ft3) 212.71 270.39 256.0112 1.91 262.00190 -0.00195 -0.57 226.9 5.85742 0.00194 -0.38 208.0215 1.016767 0.62 273.975.88155 0.09 243.039.92 254.017171 0.00202 -0.0097 1.899.17 237.40617 0.759 57.016939 0.87472 0.001.

88 270.720.691.017775 0.697.63 269.26 288.46252 0.87 300.695 56.05 290.737.0280 1.615 56.805.7 4.017477 0.60 280.017533 0.672.89 296.00158 -0.83714 0.17 282.08 294.345 57.44012 0.56 295.8 4.69 272.2 4.57 291.7 4.00182 -0.88 313.7 4.98 306.588 56.0379 1.484 56.947 56.22 290.82780 0.0304 1.96 301.83510 0.00179 -0.065 57.84 276.8 4.44525 0.1 4.005 56.83 284.00161 -0.87 295.84211 0.19 263.017759 0.00159 -0.779.00173 -0.28 305.66 270.5 4.017515 0.00177 -0.0311 1.140 56.45132 0.817.82 322.918 56.35 332.32 283.0356 1.86 304.95 301.840.26 321.00179 -0.82995 0.45707 0.43880 0.84514 0.00159 -0.83461 0.017419 0.017604 0.82303 0.74 306.83412 0.47742 0.00163 -0.017638 0.832.281 57.00157 -0.45928 0.83364 0.0294 1.0353 1.0350 1.00166 -0.82456 0.1 4.017805 0.83928 0.0324 1.45594 0.751.82379 0.833 56.00167 -0.00169 -0.83175 0.86 304.46772 0.84773 0.47364 0.47268 0.07 302.47927 0.2 4.0425 1.57 305.0287 1.38 292.91 303.236 56.46873 0.35 327.83873 0.754.00181 -0.44 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 57.82495 0.98 293.82615 0.82655 0.3 4.46145 0.82864 0.0412 1.758.00157 .61 326.125 57.46973 0.783.017587 0.39 310.47072 0.79 303.186 57.83084 0.44893 0.24 317.74 267.09 284.64 275.42757 0.0428 4.95 298.3 4.1 4.2 4.809.017613 0.0360 1.45481 0.5 4.83268 0.60 276.00181 -0.0347 1.787.7 4.740.84270 0.0314 1.80 268.00177 -0.00159 -0.410 57.05 332.095 57.52 281.0406 1.2 4.761.017688 0.727.0382 1.93 289.36 324.765.4 4.0400 1.77 335.562 56.68 273.00168 -0.82417 0.713.45250 0.42904 0.97 299.0422 1.333 56.722 56.46037 0.82738 0.0369 1.0331 1.0391 1.744.017712 0.83662 0.13 299.211 56.24 329.67 319.0419 1.017663 0.10 288.43610 0.477 57.97 300.31 262.675.26 281.8 4.117 0.017448 0.017647 0.0394 1.43473 0.84096 0.10 334.750 56.00171 -0.49 309.47170 0.46670 0.017820 262.68 292.21 300.48286 0.43 297.459 56.772.84039 0.0266 1.017813 0.29 264.747.861 56.43334 0.00160 -0.83611 0.00166 -0.377 57.0297 1.017782 0.687.44649 0.0 4.017798 0.284 56.684.93 297.7 4.00178 -0.00176 -0.0340 1.2 4.794.7 4.017728 0.83039 0.83560 0.717.669.358 56.43 279.641 56.41 287.84390 0.84707 0.48108 0.0385 1.9 4.188 56.017720 0.62 306.82265 1.63 298.0 4.00169 -0.38 289.017696 0.94 302.90 271.3 4.821.017621 0.707.017388 0.00160 -0.77 294.11 296.0375 1.83983 0.49 278.017671 0.08 327.383 56.79 277.017630 0.6 4.3 4.017752 0.68 293.00182 -0.84330 0.21 284.71 299.83820 0.0388 1.00180 -0.313 57.017744 0.5 4.55 277.00167 -0.83222 0.44143 0.44399 0.14 303.87 291.5 4.69 287.035 57.017680 0.74 333.91 272.34 302.00161 -0.0270 1.83 286.00175 -0.704.9 4.82340 0.19 292.29 294.47 320.00162 -0.78 294.017496 0.84642 0.02 312.87 318.65 331.91 273.66 274.48198 0.41 303.83129 0.96 298.43746 0.83316 0.43193 0.156 57.017398 0.89 274.017542 0.0307 1.00173 -0.83767 0.05 321.00164 -0.0321 1.84577 0.54 267.694.47649 0.67 307.6 4.27 311.19 297.5 4.1 4.0397 1.00174 -0.53 329.976 56.9 4.42 282.49 264.678.443 57.00171 -0.65 296.710.017408 0.45818 0.82696 0.06 282.164 56.017468 0.82574 0.017428 0.59 265.44772 0.50 304.017569 0.017767 0.46 300.47 266.21 304.00165 -0.805 56.700.46567 0.0284 1.730.76 290.292.0372 1.68 0.87 275.86 325.47835 0.00172 -0.42 334.57 315.260 56.95 283.0 4.813.92 305.58 308.545 57.249 57.00168 -0.39 299.39 265.0273 1.00172 -0.0337 1.00170 -0.47460 0.824.798.4 4.49 293.777 56.45366 0.890 56.0327 1.0334 1.81 328.511 57.38 263.828.0366 1.06 317.59 323.0317 1.1 4.723.00174 -0.73 314.68 302.84153 0.74 278.0277 1.95 330.017524 0.836.017578 0.11 324.0 4.768.433 56.7 4.46358 0.2 4.017655 0.41 316.1 4.4 4.681.9 -0.017487 0.0301 1.510 56.83 295.48462 0.0 4.67 279.0409 1.017790 0.790.82822 0.218 57.017551 0.48375 0.665.35 280.00163 -0.0416 1.43049 0.15 312.84452 0.00164 -0.9 4.017595 0.82535 0.017560 0.017736 0.017378 0.70 285.46463 0.0363 1.56 286.536 56.017458 0.017438 0.776.00165 -0.0291 1.017704 0.87 297.00178 -0.309 56.0263 1.47555 0.59 268.733.48018 0.82908 0.85 269.00170 -0.00183 -0.82951 0.6 4.97 285.7 4.017505 0.7 4.81 305.801.00176 -0.44271 0.0344 1.67 266.4 4.54 288.8 4.00162 -0.61 301.408 56.668 56.8 4.34 296.45013 0.844.0403 1.00158 -0.68 271.

566 55.28 330.48 333.30 337.017850 0.0541 1.0498 1.50 343.48805 0.75 320.735 55.018089 0.80794 0.8 4.018076 0.35 339.561.00154 -0.018120 0.0544 1.00150 -0.80984 0.81421 0.49 349.629.0463 1.6 4.02 328.578.00148 -0.81577 0.02 313.80848 0.00136 -0.00154 -0.148 55.51236 0.00140 -0.00147 -0.81806 0.545.017997 0.581.0513 1.0533 1.31 314.955 55.43 331.49463 0.72 344.80716 0.00138 -0.31 319.81012 0.0 4.81360 0.00153 -0.80742 0.00135 -0.81153 0.82083 0.76 337.00143 -0.51 333.00137 -0.52033 0.77 311.671 55.187 55.592.94 359.00144 -0.535.00137 -0.073 55.03 333.527.81839 0.093 56.49855 0.80690 0.50746 0.323 55.51508 0.0 4.6 4.82228 0.80875 0.0452 1.78 351.0481 1.51098 0.00 307.51575 0.167 55.018037 0.00146 -0.018082 0.017956 0.72 330.7 4.22 355.0460 1.129 55.017893 0.92 320.649 55.07 338.628 55.52160 0.0558 1.51641 0.81772 0.76 337.3 -0.48890 0.3 4.07 314.612.19 335.00135 .50235 0.00142 -0.00150 -0.00151 -0.017970 0.0507 1.017886 0.54 328.0501 1.13 319.018108 0.692 55.00148 -0.00144 -0.94 345.018145 0.00151 -0.98 360.5 4.51968 0.52224 0.81514 0.047 56.017963 0.0495 1.615.0455 1.018023 0.264 55.6 4.018003 0.017907 0.110 55.66 329.0510 1.44 312.00138 -0.80929 0.50888 0.018043 0.0518 1.0 4.545 55.69 308.97 321.0493 1.10 328.7 4.0538 1.81739 0.05 333.62 341.39 311.778 55.0490 1.80664 1.15 329.65 335.52 362.19 335.52287 0.018133 0.017942 0.0530 1.51440 0.72 336.82119 0.018095 0.40 326.82155 0.83 326.0443 1.77 323.206 55.2 4.50 324.70 319.17 322.76 356.0569 1.00139 -0.617.00142 -0.0524 1.90 348.607 55.00154 -0.73 347.800 55.0572 1.017983 0.3 4.586.09 324.03 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 56.81390 0.33 330.51773 0.070 56.4 4.382 55.83 331.24 336.017835 0.659.559.00141 -0.6 4.443 55.25 336.71 315.39 331.91 352.0547 1.00152 -0.2 4.00153 -0.00137 -0.6 4.54 346.0478 1.42 314.63 317.49542 0.10 336.43 310.96 324.529.586 55.59 329.483 55.81300 0.81674 0.47 359.10 312.3 4.597.519.42 338.600.21 316.4 4.018101 0.42 358.9 4.8 4.81609 0.910 55.51168 0.606.609.49056 0.866 55.50 361.017914 0.0521 1.0577 4.978 55.423 55.343 55.018139 0.36 320.0527 1.7 4.018152 0.51 319.53 365.32 347.1 4.0515 1.0457 1.284 55.04 364.6 4.81068 0.50602 0.58 354.589.54 363.00152 -0.50530 0.51029 0.018056 0.78 330.024 56.595.017900 0.83 357.49221 0.00149 -0.0469 1.662.81942 0.017976 0.75 309.81270 0.9 4.018030 0.6 4.0484 1.542.81125 0.22 329.553.81241 0.00135 -0.656.0440 1.017879 0.71 339.81452 0.12 334.6 4.05 309.537.0575 1.52 321.51373 0.07 349.48549 0.2 4.13 321.8 4.49302 0.49383 0.88 342.00145 -0.0475 1.650.00136 -0.50309 0.4 4.50674 0.49139 0.7 4.73 322.5 4.572.564.51838 0.81641 0.8 4.30 326.00141 -0.83 0.51305 0.13 346.7 4.556.303 55.94 332.0504 1.0552 1.59 334.623.71 336.68 355.57 334.017864 0.48721 0.45 328.03 362.50817 0.88 331.603.55 325.00139 -0.363 55.1 4.97 332.00140 -0.50008 0.80768 0.81706 0.933 55.018158 0.80902 0.0449 1.88 327.21 350.80956 0.14 325.51707 0.81873 0.0 4.018063 0.463 55.50084 0.37 323.402 55.47 353.49932 0.11 334.641.00146 -0.82191 0.0487 1.28 307.33 344.5 4.00150 -0.567.583.0549 1.524 55.37 308.36 313.89 358.620.52097 0.540.00156 -0.26 317.0472 1.5 4.635.524.80821 0.81977 0.018050 0.713 55.822 55.0437 1.00145 -0.9 4.575.81330 0.36 315.092 55.017921 0.25 325.67 325.37 309.81211 0.3 4.653.00155 -0.018114 0.017949 0.78 337.35 351.644.017857 0.99 340.84 317.13 354.756 55.018017 0.72 310.05 311.04 363.018010 0.00156 -0.5 4.626.48635 0.6 4.00142 -0.82047 0.647.2 4.569.7 4.017990 0.0446 1.00155 -0.50160 0.00139 -0.844 55.7 4.99 316.017842 0.9 4.017928 0.37 357.5 4.46 318.336.532.66 335.82012 0.49700 0.71 312.0466 1.0 4.81182 0.0535 1.00147 -0.81483 0.0555 1.06 308.018127 0.054 55.632.51903 0.66 314.89 318.97 327.49778 0.245 55.48973 0.10 310.91 323.81096 0.5 4.00143 -0.521.504 55.0434 1.25 341.550.018164 0.64 350.5 4.01 361.0431 1.50383 0.94 315.017935 0.49621 0.017871 0.00144 -0.018069 0.0561 1.72 326.76 313.81545 0.50457 0.00147 -0.035 0.638.50959 0.30 356.9 4.32 322.548.57 322.03 353.0563 1.08 318.54 364.0566 1.001 55.017827 0.888 55.81907 0.00149 -0.81040 0.11 343.225 55.018170 307.58 316.

00132 -0.1 1.018189 0.018307 0.781 54.79933 0.079.80271 0.09 349.00129 -0.25 349.37564 0.50971 1.925 54.3 1.728 54.37220 0.8 0.22 353.9 4.50641 0.478.018249 0.606 54.41 368.00128 -0.80388 0.84 340.66 351.00133 -0.3770 1.79955 0.442.0670 1.403 54.0591 1.0404 0.0910 19.86 352.23 371.52 373.710 54.568.0580 1.0 1.00130 -0.3890 22.00121 -0.018278 0.440.1 1.018301 0.09 377.80463 0.00129 -0.501.79977 0.9 4.02 338.48 350.94 368.62 349.0648 1.07 373.428.49949 0.0586 1.52900 0.018207 0.018219 0.53019 0.018381 0.79890 0.27 219.018296 0.96 378.52719 0.018231 0.28 345.80318 0.38 381.53765 0.03 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 0.80201 0.7372 1.43 353.80155 0.91 345.30 348.00132 -0.02 350.2 1.555 54.9 1.31 338.52412 0.37674 0.80342 0.53709 0.0629 1.72 350.43 343.53136 0.00120 Steam Phase Data Data on Saturation Curve Temperatur Pressure Density e (F) (psia) (lbm/ft3) 212.2 4.018225 0.42 374.78710 0.0605 1.80390 0.157.86 339.496.0616 1.6 4.4 4.82 348.0 1.53 233.85 341.7331 1.466.498.00133 -0.34 354.7461 1.0659 1.37 346.42 344.00124 -0.675 54.80512 0.018255 0.49 366.521 54.763 54.083.435.52597 0.082.0544 Volume (ft3/lbm) Internal Energy (Btu/lbm) Enthalpy Entropy Cv Cp Sound (Btu/lbm) (Btu/lbm*R) (Btu/lbm*R) (Btu/lbm*R) Spd.36 369.0640 1.50127 0.80295 0.798 54.00130 -0.80638 0.447.018213 0.0521 0.40 351.3 4.65 377.4 4.42 341.32 352.76 346.0780 20.89 369.80 355.693 54.018237 0.72004 1.151.52658 0.83 370.80488 0.25 379.454.483.00122 -0.53597 0.00131 -0.943 54.8 1.98 367.93 342.7 1.8 4.7 4.0608 1.018376 0.85 342.52840 0.0594 1.89 340.514.018243 0.0654 1.37337 0.87 375.80224 0.018176 0.7 1.8 1.5 4.658 54.018353 0.511.156.35 338.572 54.387 0.506.018319 0.0621 1.46 367.52779 0.018336 0.018387 337.018272 0.54364 0.59 352.12 354.37782 0.37888 0.565.3 1.39 222.081.018313 0.79912 0.33 339.5 4.430.0498 0.4 4.078.20 347.00125 -0.018347 0.53986 0.0667 1.1 4.4 1.19 350.8 4.96 381.888 54.00131 -0.0 1.49768 0.54311 0.43 342.79869 0.00125 -0.487 54.2 1.69 372.13 351.0664 1.6 4.7292 1.018290 0.471.80562 0.998 54.00125 -0.1940 18.40 345.00134 -0.70 0.00124 -0.89 346.2940 24.7 4.0 1.3 4.0588 1.9 1.0 1.0 4.0602 1.623 54.79826 0.53369 0.94 351.98 353.3 4.452.365.0678 4.0597 1.00133 -0.82 379.488.0451 0.00127 -0.74405 0.561.00126 -0.7561 1.437.0662 1.6 1.82 344.97 374.53931 0.550.52 377.50301 0.00128 -0.52349 0.469.77164 0.7 4.89 354.91 341.474.80065 0.509.470 54.38 339.00126 -0.018284 0.80613 0.449.018325 0.0613 1.961 54.437 54.9 4.3 4.444.504.0635 1.1 4.53483 0.018201 0.35 341.0638 1.018261 0.0583 1.80248 0.1 4.32 375.80110 0.80178 0.82222 0.00123 -0.459.75734 0.80587 0.53540 0.80 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 55.0632 1.53653 0.834 54.73165 0.34 347.018370 0.0656 1.493.558.080.9 4.53195 0.50807 0.018266 0.34 340.00127 -0.420 54.68 380.476.79999 0.00128 -0.1 4.55 350.084.0675 1.0624 1.80088 0.4 4.491.15 372.24 346.79805 1.9 4.7509 1.870 54.92 230.6 1.53876 0.37452 0. (ft/s) JouleThomson (F/psia) 26.80414 0.11 380.52535 0.00122 -0.99 216.00122 -0.80021 0.4 1.35 342.0627 1.52 366.1710 21.980 54.018182 0.589 54.7530 23.54095 0.52474 0.081.0672 1.5 4.52 352.54203 0.516.906 54.00123 -0.504 54.21 376.39 378.54150 0.86 347.0 4.53426 0.52959 0.53 380.018330 0.481.453 54.80043 0.018364 0.77 349.00123 -0.05 352.53078 0.00130 -0.018342 0.9 1.82 339.154.556.80133 0.67 354.00121 -0.80438 0.157.53311 0.00134 -0.456.7415 1.67 348.79847 0.01 366.0599 1.30 370.538 54.4 -0.50473 0.0428 0.563.553.0474 0.92 344.852 54.77 371.84 343.640 54.153.80366 0.0380 0.816 54.54257 0.152.00126 -0.1 4.0 .15 348.76 376.25 355.433.486.53253 0.00131 -0.745 54.72 347.018195 0.41 340.33 343.53821 0.80 345.0610 1.20 227.80537 0.57 355.77 353.93 343.5 4.464.79 338.0651 1.0646 1.36 225.018359 0.2 4.158.017 54.7254 0.8 4.54417 0.0619 1.4 4.9 4.61 373.461.37993 0.0643 1.54041 0.31 344.

3 1.6402 1.38866 0.5 1.621.51757 0.55303 0.25 260.600.2 1.6632 1.2 1.6584 1.67124 0.6556 6.595.596.171.5740 12.577.6720 1.099.0446 5.167.2 1.6649 1.60261 0.1 1.41747 0.0818 0.2 1.4 1.597.1 1.55901 0.098.54153 0.601.1437 0.48452 0.090.77 277.4 1.618.4 1.6568 1.6981 1.57208 0.1 1.40828 0.51132 0.6 1.41 275.170.2 1.159.53754 0.02 255.9665 5.4 1.47476 0.80 257.176.54414 0.52354 0.612.091.101.1 1.593.088.0885 0.594.4019 9.0773 0.41262 0.37 248.5168 8.1546 0.3 1.181.093.6319 1.096.615.41542 0.1086 0.0840 0.163.93 297.8495 8.56746 0.6 1.8 1.9 1.3 1.57688 0.47714 0.6 1.091.3 1.171.62033 0.179.9 1.586.179.0633 7.5 1.1611 0.2600 10.0261 8.100.097.100.3050 15.2 1.41611 0.608.2 1.54020 0.5 1.2 1.6440 1.175.1524 0.42015 0.6523 1.1019 0.607.089.7 1.8905 1.55178 0.64026 0.6296 1.91 262.0 1.67 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 0.7219 1.57549 0.71 270.1372 0.177.39979 0.1676 0.1240 0.51448 0.1 1.36 250.3 1.3 1.41403 0.5 1.40679 0.59711 0.182.615.9 1.3 1.9 1.172.0 1.8 1.42147 0.5306 7.5607 6.2071 6.18 254.090.52786 0.54284 0.7876 7.87 287.5 1.177.1108 0.8 1.570.77 294.6758 1.2 1.1633 0.55081 0.47 284.96 301.6798 1.7534 6.5 1.7470 13.0 1.39568 0.62671 0.1654 0.1 1.092.8 1.588.52207 0.51908 0.61420 0.6684 1.174.094.099.6509 1.38491 0.4 1.2101 9.91 303.13 265.6 1.9 1.56275 0.38296 0.7 1.7007 1.11 278.38095 0.05 288.51235 0.8542 6.5000 10.178.41191 0.50056 0.3 1.574.6861 1.52188 0.5 1.169.1 1.54800 0.6840 1.4085 7.1 1.57662 0.620.1589 0.0 1.51291 0.5 1.1218 0.49231 0.1262 0.57436 0.1 1.41333 0.610.0863 0.6330 1.182.617.40139 0.62 273.162.085.55427 0.53483 0.54543 0.6 1.7 1.180.168.099.6 1.6666 1.40603 0.0170 10.085.616.609.0590 0.4 1.9410 12.175.6553 1.100.166.42 279.1698 17.613.67996 0.53068 0.1064 0.97 299.40296 0.50931 0.611.6 1.1284 0.0 1.161.5 1.7 1.3 1.39734 0.0300 9.181.172.4 1.53346 0.6 1.1459 0.8 1.49775 0.6 1.9 1.53207 0.6818 1.38196 0.39898 0.2 1.59180 0.56979 0.173.5 1.2 1.0952 0.9230 7.7 1.40974 0.7091 1.095.5 1.56512 0.2960 11.164.1328 0.65503 0.181.179.48966 0.589.81 305.3 1.6907 1.6308 1.68 293.51603 0.182.0 0.53619 0.1174 0.6427 1.8 1.9582 6.4 1.50633 0.6 1.6701 1.54 264.49501 0.6481 1.572.7 1.6454 1.6955 1.9 1.6286 0.6467 1.100.94 302.096.99 282.1503 0.4 1.54303 0.1910 13.6799 8.2089 8.38774 0.22 268.8 1.6739 1.45 237.1761 7.0636 0.9 1.38680 0.40527 0.70913 0.6390 1.095.6 1.03 242.83 295.56769 0.580.169.093.0 1.6 1.72 280.0727 0.47955 0.611.4685 6.18 271.57222 0.3599 8.0613 0.0908 0.5 1.97 300.56329 0.3 1.52928 0.39136 0.5 1.30 252.51863 0.41815 0.47242 .098.6377 1.093.177.174.0 1.0 1.41473 0.585.9 1.53887 0.6569 7.5 1.6 1.9400 16.55053 0.5 1.9 1.609.1306 0.605.56036 0.6538 1.2918 6.1196 0.0 1.2270 11.55550 0.55916 0.6650 14.4 1.575.8 1.591.0930 0.69 267.7 1.57323 0.7180 15.606.7152 1.1394 0.0750 0.64748 0.6 1.55485 0.5 1.56863 0.9 1.101.1041 0.097.6931 1.57774 1.53564 0.7121 1.52499 0.6884 1.180.74 306.3 1.0 1.9 1.099.6599 1.41119 0.602.6495 1.56630 0.101.5 1.7062 1.7 1.35 290.0567 0.58667 0.41882 0.092.620.0 1.6 1.1152 0.55673 0.1720 14.3789 6.39224 0.3 1.69886 0.0659 0.1568 0.590.86 304.56394 0.096.9 1.9 1.579.2 1.1 1.0975 0.50342 0.097.0 1.57094 0.51546 0.619.52520 0.6280 16.6022 9.098.164.165.8 1.4 1.614.089.8115 9.6353 1.68 285.8 1.1481 0.180.095.5900 11.3 1.7034 1.7 1.8 1.5 1.088.40451 0.8 1.101.0 1.173.6 1.0654 6.0 1.6 1.55794 0.8990 11.6 1.614.176.40374 0.5 1.5 1.098.160.582.39651 0.54672 0.42081 0.599.9 1.0795 0.235.7185 1.6777 1.100.7520 10.4 1.166.172.605.086.21 244.094.3 1.604.618.181.094.24 283.087.39817 0.1247 6.39483 0.2 1.2 1.48707 0.097.32 246.1350 0.170.1 1.0 1.6616 1.0 1.56156 0.38586 0.53207 0.0705 0.583.4 1.1 1.54687 0.178.78 240.8 1.0 1.175.6342 1.38957 0.40753 0.168.60830 0.40901 0.03 274.40218 0.3320 12.39397 0.58170 0.63334 0.7 1.603.48201 0.598.9 1.092.68915 0.3 1.2 1.55 259.087.8 1.6 1.3 1.176.6365 1.39047 0.40060 0.8 1.41679 0.0682 0.090.52058 0.41949 0.41047 0.1415 0.21 289.95 298.101.178.162.38394 0.52860 0.89 296.084.66294 0.52643 0.54927 0.6415 1.39311 0.48 291.59 292.2904 7.617.1 1.53929 0.0997 0.1130 0.

9 1.38912 0.104.0564 5.2427 0.62 341.43326 0.2 1.2171 0.82 322.187.5901 1.3 1.2128 0.188.636.4 1.4093 5.2235 0.185.0 1.60231 0.2 1.188.60435 0.45129 0.9478 3.57 315.40201 0.632.6233 1.184.631.44068 0.6707 3.5922 1.8 1.632.7 0.0 1.6424 3.7 1.5 1.6 1.43901 0.105.636.46565 0.5870 3.2 1.7888 3.38790 0.42916 0.88 313.188.15 312.44715 0.106.39035 0.43027 0.4326 4.50 343.44333 0.9 1.106.2 1.43784 0.184.42782 0.103.104.624.5867 1.106.183.1741 0.4 1.192.634.35 327.40899 0.62688 0.6243 1.1784 0.7288 3.190.2554 0.6264 1.104.3 1.632.0 1.1687 5.1574 4.0498 4.0 1.3 1.62971 0.2277 0.1762 0.190.630.94 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 0.72 344.6 1.61237 0.1119 5.3 1.41337 0.1978 0.8 1.4 1.1 1.5 1.5 1.42103 0.6 1.622.4 1.6213 1.6144 3.5599 1.191.5915 1.1 1.9 1.187.43957 0.8970 4.2512 0.6 1.187.2 1.39800 0.8 1.8 1.2341 0.621.2 1.58327 0.189.2709 4.3 1.6053 5.39412 0.1 1.6530 4.3 1.2682 0.2661 0.183.42422 0.39540 0.1 1.41638 0.191.58654 0.9 1.44820 0.35 332.186.27 311.6275 1.5 1.623.61922 0.44396 0.6254 1.59295 0.42595 0.2085 0.42261 0.88 342.9 1.6739 5.108.53 329.05 332.35 339.104.42469 0.5894 1.103.33 344.107.108.4730 5.2639 0.636.627.3470 5.61630 0.10 336.45027 0.188.45078 0.109.46130 0.5 1.5854 0.637.108.6071 4.1 1.3910 4.103.4749 4.6003 1.2149 0.5 1.44179 0.5 1.106.6128 1.47013 0.1935 0.40066 0.2021 0.6 1.5 1.6093 1.43430 0.6043 1.6223 1.103.1870 0.626.5943 1.42 334.5887 1.6 1.58545 0.635.6 1.6011 1.2 1.40615 0.4 1.43606 0.6034 1.629.5965 1.2363 0.2724 0.8 1.191.0 1.190.2213 0.5 1.4 1.59506 0.02 312.5874 1.107.43087 0.2256 0.102.185.186.45102 0.59083 0.183.43384 0.9149 3.4 1.43256 0.43731 0.633.307.62307 0.99 340.1946 4.637.103.106.9 1.39932 0.623.6 1.629.43964 0.7 1.5980 1.108.44521 0.44013 0.61137 0.26 321.186.0 1.44610 0.8508 3.42532 0.639.44288 0.639.43559 0.42341 0.624.41487 0.6 1.4 1.44768 0.60536 0.638.2192 0.38670 .6155 1.6174 1.191.42277 0.61335 0.2064 0.8 1.47 320.6110 1.8826 3.102.107.638.44557 0.43085 0.6101 1.185.5384 5.42212 0.41 316.0152 3.62115 0.8 1.5881 1.6 1.104.6146 1.192.107.7476 4.108.7 1.8 1.43443 0.2 1.1 1.1 1.105.191.59922 0.187.6076 1.7 1.8 1.5 1.8196 3.44712 0.109.190.625.635.60838 0.2384 0.188.57886 0.6 1.42 338.105.41044 0.6193 1.108.5950 1.42405 0.1 1.108.8 1.189.58437 0.2042 0.6203 1.42966 0.1 1.2 1.61038 0.1 1.626.61825 0.0 1.108.60738 0.59715 0.7 1.43845 0.185.635.2862 5.5 1.25 341.86 325.3 1.39285 0.42749 0.1 1.59610 0.2491 0.1849 0.5861 1.44 336.4 1.42905 0.61532 0.3 1.633.40338 0.184.6119 1.2106 0.62877 0.61728 0.5929 1.7 1.1719 0.0 1.4 1.24 329.0 1.5995 1.1806 0.633.62782 0.58107 0.105.104.8 1.189.3502 4.3 1.58762 0.41190 0.60333 0.62211 0.44342 0.8165 5.44450 0.105.9 1.190.42585 0.49 309.187.7 1.1 1.7 1.1209 4.107.1 1.6 1.59189 0.4 1.1 1.2448 0.9 1.6137 1.39159 0.638.107.9 1.5 1.6165 1.71 339.108.74 333.2746 0.61 326.24 317.61434 0.07 338.62593 0.41791 0.4 1.5 1.60128 0.3 1.40756 0.625.44924 0.62498 0.58869 0.2267 5.60637 0.631.3 1.9 1.42658 0.44504 0.2 1.60025 0.1 1.45710 0.0 1.5 1.60938 0.6 1.43501 0.106.103.9812 3.6019 1.2597 0.8 1.46346 0.2 1.43617 0.106.3 1.192.189.2809 5.45504 0.2405 0.9 1.182.625.59819 0.2618 0.0 1.191.1 1.67 319.630.183.107.107.81 328.42720 0.06 317.5181 4.2 1.191.8 1.7443 5.39669 0.43147 0.59 323.43207 0.44147 0.189.6184 1.631.189.6 1.1892 0.3102 4.2 1.5908 1.4 1.190.44975 0.7 1.2576 0.2 1.1913 0.1 1.40476 0.73 314.44872 0.1 1.102.62019 0.45919 0.5936 1.3 1.63064 1.634.7 1.1 1.1827 0.1999 0.9 1.45302 0.6067 1.6026 1.4 1.7 1.4 1.62403 0.77 335.109.11 343.11 324.6084 1.76 337.186.622.4 1.628.628.9 1.44124 0.44233 0.5622 4.630.185.10 334.7586 3.58976 0.639.636.36 324.6059 1.7963 4.2469 0.46787 0.39 310.0 1.2533 0.7 1.5 1.8 1.2703 0.2299 0.7 1.59401 0.2788 0.184.102.8 1.105.6996 3.187.105.0021 4.2320 0.05 321.109.6051 1.42844 0.43674 0.9490 4.8 1.2767 0.0851 4.2 1.44906 0.8461 4.102.192.44663 0.8 1.634.65 331.5958 1.4 1.58 308.43788 0.08 327.637.627.1956 0.87 318.95 330.5988 1.0 1.5973 1.58218 0.1 1.4 1.6 1.638.0 1.9 1.43266 0.6998 4.41946 0.3 1.57997 0.628.2324 4.637.

5 1.193.47484 0.2 1.9 1.7 1.7 1.6159 2.196.3401 0.3359 0.113.640.112.34639 0.345.0 1.45868 0.4 1.111.64978 0.113.7524 2.9220 2.112.3 1.5700 1.197.63713 0.1 1.9 1.03 362.8 1.67392 0.4 1.83 370.1 1.9 1.5 1.111.3781 0.8 1.647.648.2201 3.113.3253 0.5835 1.46611 0.2 1.47055 0.0 1.66971 0.3865 0.3443 0.30 370.63988 0.3 1.5792 1.3507 0.3573 3.641.30 356.0 1.112.643.641.64889 0.6015 2.5578 1.197.1 1.2 1.7 1.8690 2.646.8347 2.0539 3.644.64621 0.197.34985 0.01 366.3654 0.5786 1.7 1.195.6748 2.73 347.113.1557 3.1348 3.37 357.3127 0.6450 2.33741 0.7053 2.35523 0.5637 1.5 1.34554 0.4 1.38550 0.90 348.5804 1.111.45820 0.5780 1.0737 3.67055 0.647.197.111.7 1.3 1.4 1.45230 0.0 1.8 1.5768 1.36089 0.52 362.65244 0.33663 .35432 0.110.46291 0.45772 0.7 1.04 363.7685 2.109.648.113.109.646.47 353.5617 1.3380 0.2 1.66030 0.3907 3.197.9 1.195.8 1.65332 0.112.45577 0.3211 0.4 1.34470 0.33979 0.3570 0.8517 2.63251 0.640.35709 0.3 1.196.6 1.9 1.46968 0.41 368.8 1.641.49 366.34222 0.640.4 1.9 1.113.3 1.66716 0.642.35 351.37526 0.83 357.111.8178 2.197.5573 1.110.0 1.66116 0.3591 0.9771 2.03 353.65420 0.46011 0.5594 1.68 355.196.110.1 1.6 1.3486 0.648.3063 0.66375 0.36582 0.1 1.37746 0.112.2 1.2 1.98 360.47271 0.111.193.5722 1.4305 3.65943 0.6 1.37858 0.1142 3.2979 0.646.3275 0.3422 0.34811 0.46152 0.194.47011 0.0 1.193.110.9 1.54 346.38084 0.36683 0.5652 1.2873 0.91 352.3042 0.109.5 1.63621 0.66886 0.4 1.194.63805 0.34724 0.3675 0.5739 1.110.34897 0.89 369.36 369.2 1.37203 0.8864 2.4 1.1 1.45528 0.45280 0.3823 0.111.6 1.3465 0.63344 0.642.3 1.5 1.645.5632 1.3 1.66460 0.65508 0.0 1.2894 0.5733 2.646.33819 0.49 349.7 1.7 1.6 1.644.5750 1.193.2873 3.192.36785 0.5678 1.193.04 364.647.34059 0.45429 0.52 366.65770 0.647.2422 3.110.36382 0.197.196.3814 3.8 1.5684 1.6 1.01 361.64 350.644.645.35161 0.3338 0.4 1.1 1.1 1.46 367.196.645.46245 0.2 1.94 359.112.111.3 1.6 1.112.50 361.64261 0.113.8 1.35341 0.37309 0.3021 0.648.6 1.648.3696 0.64351 0.1 1.6900 2.47357 0.2830 0.0343 3.3106 0.197.5873 2.3317 0.64170 0.9 1.5705 1.4 1.7 1.7 1.63897 0.1984 3.5762 1.5642 1.5711 1.38199 0.42 358.46566 0.46198 0.35616 0.45179 0.111.45723 0.194.5673 1.67224 0.64079 0.5 1.646.193.3 1.36186 0.65682 0.0938 3.197.3718 0.34387 0.46746 0.13 354.3000 0.2 1.3528 0.66203 0.35803 0.3103 3.194.3549 0.1 1.5332 3.645.112.7 1.46058 0.5733 1.5829 1.34304 0.5 1.5 1.3084 0.9 1.648.2936 0.8 1.195.192.67476 0.5587 1.1 1.9 1.195.63158 0.4 1.640.5756 1.6 1.7208 2.65857 0.642.196.197.69 372.5848 1.3 1.112.47099 0.5622 1.194.195.197.2852 0.641.3802 0.76 356.45479 0.6 1.46475 0.110.5 1.5810 1.639.5602 1.77 371.2 1.4058 3.195.45916 0.23 371.8 1.3612 0.647.63529 0.47228 0.4 1.0 1.36284 0.1769 3.37417 0.46384 0.4556 3.5583 1.7 1.644.78 351.9 1.3 1.8 1.192.5 1.9 1.0 1.3760 0.3 1.0150 2.66546 0.5 1.2 1.47 359.6 1.5568 0.195.5662 1.45330 0.46835 0.5 1.647.9041 2.2 1.46656 0.0 1.7 1.644.643.45963 0.9402 2.8 1.2 1.64531 0.46791 0.5668 1.5694 1.5 1.2 1.46701 0.4 1.645.646.9 1.36992 0.112.54 363.5070 3.3633 0.47526 0.2 1.38432 0.35073 0.5689 1.35897 0.5 1.37097 0.113.22 355.642.37970 0.65595 0.2 1.5727 1.113.195.4 1.36888 0.112.9 1.3232 0.5647 1.46337 0.53 365.67643 1.196.5657 1.2 1.54 364.46924 0.47314 0.64711 0.47400 0.5607 1.66631 0.3886 0.4 1.194.193.5816 1.646.641.63437 0.34140 0.7 1.8 1.35251 0.112.111.67140 0.4 1.8012 2.112.67559 0.110.9959 2.9 1.648.5716 1.643.32 347.45380 0.47142 0.8 1.7365 2.45675 0.5612 1.113.47185 0.1 1.3844 0.94 368.111.5774 1.58 354.5 1.195.5627 1.2957 0.7 1.193.7847 2.5592 1.9585 2.33899 0.109.0 1.65067 0.3296 0.5798 1.6303 2.647.7 1.3169 0.194.192.03 365.9 1.38315 0.3337 3.5 1.46879 0.13 346.15 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 0.8 1.110.5841 1.3 1.9 0.6 1.5822 1.3190 0.5 1.66801 0.6 1.6598 2.47442 0.46429 0.9 1.110.5744 1.66289 0.645.65155 0.195.3739 0.4811 3.37635 0.67308 0.111.07 349.5 1.46105 0.643.89 358.45626 0.110.3148 0.64441 0.5597 1.21 350.643.196.36482 0.35993 0.643.8 1.197.46521 0.196.6 1.6 1.8 1.2915 0.64800 0.109.9 1.0 1.196.194.3 1.109.98 367.2646 3.2 1.

5509 1.69361 0.3919 2.4244 0.33508 0.32766 0.198.198.199.5054 2.5496 1.3 1.52 377.3104 2.47859 0.7 1.68140 0.4012 0.32838 0.7 1.650.5 1.114.4040 2.4410 2.650.3970 0.3680 2.2 1.69038 0.48022 0.4 1.68469 0.651.48063 0.47900 0.1 1.25 379.68550 0.48303 0.5554 1.47652 0.3799 2.4 1.649.5541 1.114.16 K for saturated liquid.651.114.4349 0.68057 0.95 1.48263 0.67809 0.4537 2.4370 2.0 1.33131 0.6 1.39 378.2 1.6 1.68714 0.53 380.5527 1.1 1.114.198.5550 1.3928 0.650.855 o F psia lbm/ft3 o F Debye 1.5545 1.4223 0.4923 2.5457 2.4328 0.5 1.4160 0.68387 0.6 1.68 380.69281 0.32344 0.649.5532 1.6 1.33431 0.199.5470 0.5321 2.3 1.97 374.48103 0.nist.4664 2.4097 0.32694 0.4265 0.5483 1.5 1.4286 0.114.4118 0.651.114.2 1.650. at 273.4 1.198.3 1.198.8 1.649.649.113.650.11 380.113.4034 0.199.4793 2.5505 1.198.68795 0.4307 0.199.67892 0.68876 0.113.0 1.32910 0.198.0 0.48382 0.2 1.87 375.32483 0.5479 1.9 1.96 381.5475 1.21 376.6 1.33280 0.47982 0.48184 0. Additional fluid data Critical temperature (Tc) Critical pressure (Pc) Critical density (Dc) Acentric factor Normal boiling point Dipole moment 705.47735 0.8 1.61 373.651.0 1.32 375.5187 2.68632 0.67975 0.gov/chemistry/fluid/ ) Reference States Internal energy Entropy U= S= 0.47818 0.4 1.8 1.199.102 0.199.198.4202 0.650.4181 0.38 381.113.7 1.649.7 1.69119 0.69441 Auxiliary Data ( All data downloaded from NIST website: http://webbook.649.113.9 1.0 1.5 1.5564 1.32413 0.114.1 1.114.8 1.5 1.47610 0.5 1.47777 0.1 1.7 1.2993 2.6 1.198.10 3200.649.199.3563 2.4139 0.114.9 1.1 1.9 1.650.198.2 1.649.114.650.5523 1.48343 0.3991 0.33057 0.3949 0.198.5518 1.1 1.114.5514 1.6 1.8 1.96 378.199.47568 0.16 K for saturated liquid.32139 0.650.8 1.199.4055 0.372.5536 1.48224 0.5492 1.68957 0.48422 0.80 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 0.47694 0.4162 2.4 1.1 20.114.68222 0.32983 0.68305 0.0 1.198.33205 0.82 379.8 1.67726 0.5500 1.4286 2.114.52 373.3 0.7 1.3331 2.0 at 273.33585 0.76 376.32553 0.198.0 1.47941 0.33355 0.48143 0.649.3217 2.3 1.6 1.2 1.69200 0.9 1.5487 1.2 1.32072 .5559 1.42 374.1 1.9 1.3443 211.07 373.2882 1.113.65 377.114.09 377.4076 0.4 1.32207 0.114.3447 2.32275 0.32623 0.114.4 1.3 1.

68297 0.0003 0.68362 0.19699 0.26144 0.0003 0.68346 0.19214 0. Tension (lb/in) Phase 0.21800 0.0003 0.0003 0.68339 0.68367 0.0003 0.22150 0.68301 0.0003 0.68359 0.19597 0. (W/m*K) Surf.22336 0.0003 0.0003 0.68327 0.68338 0.0003 0.68287 0.68225 0.0003 0.68343 0.68294 0.23163 0.25060 0.0003 0.68362 0.0003 0.22530 0.0003 0.68309 0.0003 0.0003 0.68370 0.19911 0.7.26557 0.68356 0.23892 0.0003 0.68175 0.27004 0.68202 0.68347 0.57 Viscosity (cP) Therm.0003 0.68321 0.19124 0.0003 0.28012 0.0003 0.68308 0.68315 0.21474 0.21171 0.68331 0.14 7 6.68370 0.19306 0.68367 0.19498 0.21320 0.68358 0.0003 liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid .0003 0.21972 0.0003 0.0003 0.0003 0.0003 0.0003 0.0003 0.68111 0.20021 0.0003 0.0003 0.0003 0.0003 0.68265 0.68246 0.0003 0.68145 0.21027 0.24743 0.27487 0.68370 0.67982 0.20752 0.24160 0.68282 0.68352 0.20494 0.68321 0.0003 0.0003 0.19035 0.23394 0.19401 0.68073 0.68365 0.19804 0.20621 0.21634 0.68030 0.68353 0.68369 0.0003 0.20134 0.68332 0.0003 0.0003 0. Cond.22943 0.25758 0.23637 0.68365 0.67927 0.20371 0.24443 0.20887 0.0003 0.25398 0.68369 0.0003 0.22732 0.0003 0.0003 0.29 4.20251 0.0003 0.0003 0.0003 0.0003 0.

0.18949
0.18865
0.18782
0.18702
0.18622
0.18545
0.18469
0.18395
0.18322
0.18250
0.18180
0.18112
0.18044
0.17978
0.17913
0.17849
0.17786
0.17724
0.17663
0.17604
0.17545
0.17487
0.17431
0.17375
0.17320
0.17266
0.17212
0.17160
0.17108
0.17057
0.17007
0.16958
0.16909
0.16861
0.16814
0.16767
0.16721
0.16676
0.16631
0.16587
0.16543
0.16500
0.16458
0.16416
0.16375
0.16334
0.16293
0.16253
0.16214
0.16175
0.16137
0.16099

0.68280
0.68272
0.68264
0.68256
0.68248
0.68240
0.68231
0.68223
0.68214
0.68205
0.68196
0.68186
0.68177
0.68168
0.68158
0.68148
0.68138
0.68129
0.68119
0.68108
0.68098
0.68088
0.68078
0.68067
0.68057
0.68046
0.68035
0.68025
0.68014
0.68003
0.67992
0.67981
0.67970
0.67959
0.67948
0.67936
0.67925
0.67914
0.67902
0.67891
0.67880
0.67868
0.67857
0.67845
0.67833
0.67822
0.67810
0.67798
0.67787
0.67775
0.67763
0.67751

0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003

liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid

0.16061
0.16024
0.15988
0.15951
0.15916
0.15880
0.15845
0.15811
0.15776
0.15742
0.15709
0.15676
0.15643
0.15611
0.15578
0.15547
0.15515
0.15484
0.15453
0.15423
0.15393
0.15363
0.15333
0.15304
0.15275
0.15246
0.15217
0.15189
0.15161
0.15134
0.15106
0.15079
0.15052
0.15025
0.14999
0.14973
0.14947
0.14921
0.14895
0.14870
0.14845
0.14820
0.14795
0.14771
0.14747
0.14723
0.14699
0.14675
0.14652
0.14628
0.14605
0.14582

0.67739
0.67728
0.67716
0.67704
0.67692
0.67680
0.67668
0.67656
0.67644
0.67632
0.67620
0.67608
0.67595
0.67583
0.67571
0.67559
0.67547
0.67535
0.67522
0.67510
0.67498
0.67486
0.67473
0.67461
0.67449
0.67436
0.67424
0.67412
0.67399
0.67387
0.67375
0.67362
0.67350
0.67338
0.67325
0.67313
0.67300
0.67288
0.67276
0.67263
0.67251
0.67238
0.67226
0.67213
0.67201
0.67189
0.67176
0.67164
0.67151
0.67139
0.67126
0.67114

0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0003
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002

liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid

0.14560
0.14537
0.14515
0.14493
0.14471
0.14449
0.14427
0.14406
0.14384
0.14363
0.14342
0.14321
0.14300
0.14280
0.14259
0.14239
0.14219
0.14199
0.14179
0.14160
0.14140
0.14121
0.14101
0.14082
0.14063
0.14044
0.14026
0.14007
0.13988
0.13970
0.13952
0.13934
0.13916
0.13898
0.13880
0.13862
0.13845

0.67101
0.67089
0.67076
0.67064
0.67051
0.67039
0.67026
0.67014
0.67001
0.66989
0.66976
0.66964
0.66951
0.66939
0.66926
0.66914
0.66901
0.66889
0.66876
0.66863
0.66851
0.66838
0.66826
0.66813
0.66801
0.66788
0.66776
0.66763
0.66751
0.66738
0.66726
0.66713
0.66701
0.66688
0.66676
0.66663
0.66651

0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002

Viscosity
(cP)

Therm.
Cond.
(W/m*K)

Phase

0.01229
0.01235
0.01241
0.01247
0.01252
0.01257
0.01262
0.01267

0.02516
0.02536
0.02556
0.02575
0.02593
0.02611
0.02628
0.02645

vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor

liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid

0.01272
0.01276
0.01280
0.01285
0.01289
0.01293
0.01296
0.01300
0.01304
0.01307
0.01311
0.01314
0.01317
0.01320
0.01324
0.01327
0.01330
0.01333
0.01335
0.01338
0.01341
0.01344
0.01346
0.01349
0.01351
0.01354
0.01356
0.01359
0.01361
0.01364
0.01366
0.01368
0.01371
0.01373
0.01375
0.01377
0.01379
0.01381
0.01383
0.01385
0.01388
0.01390
0.01391
0.01393
0.01395
0.01397
0.01399
0.01401
0.01403
0.01405
0.01406
0.01408

0.02661
0.02676
0.02692
0.02707
0.02721
0.02735
0.02749
0.02763
0.02776
0.02789
0.02802
0.02815
0.02827
0.02839
0.02851
0.02863
0.02874
0.02886
0.02897
0.02908
0.02919
0.02929
0.02940
0.02950
0.02960
0.02971
0.02981
0.02991
0.03000
0.03010
0.03019
0.03029
0.03038
0.03047
0.03057
0.03066
0.03074
0.03083
0.03092
0.03101
0.03109
0.03118
0.03126
0.03135
0.03143
0.03151
0.03159
0.03167
0.03175
0.03183
0.03191
0.03199

vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor

0.01410
0.01412
0.01413
0.01415
0.01417
0.01418
0.01420
0.01422
0.01423
0.01425
0.01427
0.01428
0.01430
0.01431
0.01433
0.01434
0.01436
0.01437
0.01439
0.01440
0.01442
0.01443
0.01444
0.01446
0.01447
0.01449
0.01450
0.01451
0.01453
0.01454
0.01455
0.01457
0.01458
0.01459
0.01461
0.01462
0.01463
0.01465
0.01466
0.01467
0.01468
0.01470
0.01471
0.01472
0.01473
0.01474
0.01476
0.01477
0.01478
0.01479
0.01480
0.01481

0.03206
0.03214
0.03222
0.03229
0.03237
0.03244
0.03251
0.03259
0.03266
0.03273
0.03280
0.03287
0.03295
0.03302
0.03309
0.03315
0.03322
0.03329
0.03336
0.03343
0.03349
0.03356
0.03363
0.03369
0.03376
0.03382
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03573 0.03658 0.01531 0.03689 0.01530 0.03551 0.01502 0.03578 0.01504 0.03584 0.03791 0.01503 0.03767 0.03753 0.01525 0.03567 0.03772 0.03589 0.03796 0.01485 0.01486 0.03674 0.01489 0.01511 0.01495 0.03632 0.03595 0.03743 0.03648 0.03556 0.01529 0.03694 0.01533 0.0.03805 vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor .03611 0.03627 0.01524 0.03748 0.01483 0.01487 0.01484 0.03600 0.03781 0.03724 0.01522 0.01490 0.03777 0.01509 0.01506 0.03800 0.01512 0.01533 0.01520 0.01525 0.01501 0.03786 0.01493 0.03663 0.03758 0.01519 0.01516 0.01494 0.03714 0.01528 0.03719 0.01517 0.01496 0.01492 0.01513 0.03704 0.01508 0.03545 0.01518 0.01521 0.01514 0.03709 0.03738 0.03679 0.03653 0.03762 0.01499 0.03699 0.01488 0.01532 0.03606 0.01497 0.03637 0.03643 0.01515 0.01498 0.03729 0.03684 0.01526 0.03562 0.01507 0.03668 0.03616 0.01527 0.01510 0.01523 0.01505 0.03733 0.01500 0.03622 0.

01544 0.01550 0.03828 0.03851 0.03833 0.01536 0.03842 0.03819 0.03891 0.01545 0.01537 0.03877 0.01551 0.01540 0.01549 0.03864 0.0.03846 0.01547 0.03855 0.01535 0.03873 0.01538 0.03899 0.03904 vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor .01541 0.01542 0.01548 0.03837 0.01534 0.01543 0.03823 0.03886 0.01540 0.01539 0.03810 0.03869 0.01552 0.01546 0.03814 0.03882 0.01545 0.03860 0.03895 0.01550 0.

79521 0.018617 0.79200 0.0712 1.0699 1.03 391.8 4.018512 0.7 4.69 368.55914 0.80 392.895 53.54885 0.79110 0.36 362.00120 -0.48 366.3 4.018486 0.36 358.71 6.79784 0.343.0731 1.11 360.79 357.65 372.175 54.39 397.46 383.364.0739 1.00114 -0.51 387.54936 0.729 53.391.925 53.44 364.0778 1.0765 1.26 367.39 359.356.00110 -0.0 4.08 372.79236 0.4 4.87 390.10 385.82 360.22 357.78953 1.018448 0.0702 1.61 364.0710 1.71 Enthalpy Entropy Cv Cp Sound (Btu/lbm) (Btu/lbm*R) (Btu/lbm*R) (Btu/lbm*R) Spd.018409 0.09 389.3 4.0 4.0691 1.2 4.56285 0.0788 1.018528 0.00108 -0.002 53.78987 0.54470 0.0733 1.370 54.92 358.956 53.26 371.43 372.6 4.5 4.321 54.207 54.7 4.00118 -0.85 365.55434 0.48 368.00104 .0718 1.56422 0. (ft/s) 356.393.332.0704 1.018507 0.080 54.834 53.018437 0.338.79580 0.1 4.018464 0.351.358.00107 -0.79273 0.56239 0.0752 1.0762 1.2 4.144 54.70 389.1 4.685 7.18 392.328.04 357.94 362.128 54.79022 0.8 4.0767 1.0715 1.78 365.19 395.0720 1.305 54.426.375.347.26 365.096 54.43 6.56008 0.89 369.018523 0.00106 -0.0760 1.80 359.79722 0.0781 1.79462 0.79348 0.0747 1.56 392.51 385.0757 1.0793 1.05 383.56331 0.018622 0.049 54.864 53.Water Phase Data Data on Saturation Curve 7.71 387.68 363.87 373.08 370.018426 0.00105 -0.12 398.018491 0.54522 0.018539 0.43 0.018415 0.79640 0.90 356.345.018627 355.8 4.79443 0.0680 1.018392 0.910 53.112 54.941 53.79057 0.256 54.56512 0.55628 0.79681 0.44 366.369.67 361.191 54.389.00110 -0.0726 1.0736 1.35 356.54782 0.018601 0.79763 0.91 386.43 Volume (ft3/lbm) Internal Energy (Btu/lbm) 0.6 4.48 372.29 369.36 364.82 395.55772 0.378.700 53.70 370.55137 0.8 4.44 394.065 54.79004 0.15 356.371.85 367.00110 -0.353.018420 0.018518 0.79255 0.57 6.160 54.367.419.69 372.79292 0.382.52 361.0775 1.20 365.00113 -0.07 394.00119 -0.55580 0.3 4.55187 0.00117 -0.00109 -0.10 363.00114 -0.7 4.334.018534 0.0786 1.03 397.744 53.00115 -0.0696 1.66 358.08 366.04 372.380.00116 -0.03 364.54627 0.0707 1.018 54.018596 0.00120 -0.0744 1.78970 0.2 4.880 53.789 53.83 362.00105 -0.56193 0.018502 0.4 4.018555 0.79620 0.421.00113 -0.56602 0.018576 0.373.5 4.56467 0.22 382.78 363.0728 1.29 369.75 398.00108 -0.0686 1.67 368.0796 4.84 399.57 5.6 4.018404 0.79600 0.89 369.20 373.79145 0.67 366.412.00119 -0.30 388.715 53.10 368.00114 -0.79701 0.1 4.79424 0.79092 0.00106 -0.56557 0.54679 0.0723 1.79541 0.55237 0.3 4.00109 -0.00112 -0.423.987 53.00111 -0.54834 0.0 4.018475 0.00119 -0.79386 0.0754 1.87 371.00115 -0.774 53.29 371.79661 0.2 4.337 54.0741 1.54575 0.00108 -0.5 4.0688 1.00109 -0.32 393.50 370.10 370.56101 0.79310 0.396.018480 0.8 4.288 54.971 53.1 4.79128 0.79560 0.54 360.69 370.03 366.87 384.3 4.416.96 359.272 54.61 366.56 395.400.79482 0.25 360.6 4.0683 1.4 4.69 385.48 398.79074 0.79405 0.00113 -0.018570 0.14 Temperatur Pressure Density e (F) (psia) (lbm/ft3) 382.31 386.20 363.0 4.50 368.55867 0.26 390.71 JouleThomson (F/psia) -0.79163 0.59 357.018453 0.018581 0.398.93 396.387.407.79329 0.9 4.54731 0.00111 -0.56147 0.018469 0.336.0749 1.330.55286 0.63 383.55336 0.46 355.89 371.0 4.55676 0.11 387.00112 -0.00116 -0.26 373.362.52 363.018442 0.00104 -0.65 374.759 53.29 7.018459 0.0770 1.018591 0.00106 -0.54986 0.018607 0.55483 0.79501 0.360.3 4.29 7.58 6.40 361.018431 0.66 397.55531 0.55087 0.00117 -0.340.81 373.0791 1.79182 0.95 364.0 7.5 4.0694 1.00112 -0.240 54.55037 0.79039 0.018549 0.43 7.48 389.09 358.018560 0.405.10 361.7 4.04 374.42 391.849 53.804 53.354 54.65 391.30 396.018544 0.402.414.29 367.67 360.00116 -0.79218 0.08 368.018586 0.56376 0.89 367.28 384.4 4.00107 -0.48 357.91 388.224 54.48 370.79367 0.0773 1.19 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 54.018565 0.0 4.25 362.00105 -0.55819 0.97 361.034 54.00117 -0.8 4.819 53.00118 -0.55385 0.018612 0.55961 0.94 393.0783 1.53 358.8 4.24 359.018496 0.56054 0.349.384.409.018398 0.79743 0.55724 0.70 394.

399.10 388.00086 .236.262.0830 1.240.079 53.5 4.57085 0.012 52.174 53.0801 1.018703 0.7 4.78607 0.00099 -0.62 384.13 406.0845 1.510 53.2 4.539 53.257 53.57961 0.4 4.018713 0.11 378.40 388.58 379.272.228.00094 -0.276.78687 0.583 53.0804 1.018718 0.58041 0.271 53.56911 0.99 377.80 406.78174 0.57880 0.44 389.00103 -0.298.7 4.57 385.47 389.58437 0.311.052 53.243 53.018668 0.0873 1.1 4.232.57383 0.0863 1.554 53.00104 -0.75 404.018772 0.0 4.00103 -0.00092 -0.57042 0.018845 0.0806 1.268.99 387.4 4.0894 1.56867 0.234.78333 0.78868 0.00097 -0.018728 0.57798 0.79 389.62 376.018733 0.250.5 4.31 413.57298 0.0 4.55 399.37 402.11 375.41 387.87 393.525 53.58081 0.58669 0.296.0889 1.78639 0.018825 0.0901 1.0 4.0924 1.19 415.307.0929 4.161 53.12 405.57757 0.252.00097 -0.48 390.0812 1.78576 0.00094 -0.00093 -0.025 53.78499 0.57551 0.74 378.0896 1.411 53.0886 1.018738 0.425 53.86 385.0 4.84 383.018792 0.36 377.258.06 403.018648 0.78529 0.24 376.32 401.254.321.04 381.313.018777 0.00091 -0.298 53.0919 1.018632 0.57341 0.58592 0.284.0 4.00089 -0.00087 -0.86 376.57509 0.0858 1.10 404.229 53.1 4.018801 0.43 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 53.1 4.0914 1.018748 0.018864 0.07 411.00098 -0.57634 0.00102 -0.0899 1.226.58161 0.57920 0.00099 -0.00091 -0.82 391.0814 1.78592 0.264.9 4.97 374.018698 0.00087 -0.78785 0.69 383.49 390.018658 0.57467 0.48 382.018859 0.83 392.959 0.56824 0.00095 -0.81 416.67 402.85 379.018757 0.018767 0.64 386.78146 1.78818 0.58515 0.78348 0.17 374.5 4.04 412.58280 0.3 4.00100 -0.40 411.00 379.326 53.018693 0.02 402.00093 -0.00096 -0.00092 -0.0904 1.3 4.78423 0.396 53.482 53.57716 0.11 380.78217 0.0881 1.1 4.00096 -0.00101 -0.0871 1.215 53.37 386.78623 0.74 380.286.670 53.0907 1.26 384.270.78834 0.14 407.12 416.49 377.41 383.13 389.93 386.018782 0.16 391.78901 0.43 410.72 412.13 408.22 381.00088 -0.1 4.00095 -0.1 4.78318 0.0861 1.0822 1.0819 1.78483 0.78 405.58 375.018849 0.80 407.0809 1.46 405.55 383.00103 -0.57675 0.6 -0.78304 0.0891 1.2 4.02 386.018854 0.58121 0.2 4.656 53.018840 0.73 375.00088 -0.78736 0.1 4.75 411.278.9 4.018708 0.41 403.302.72 403.0837 1.0855 1.91 400.58553 0.79 409.018878 0.67 386.282.00100 -0.00089 -0.78203 0.018678 0.57171 0.133 53.8 4.58319 0.58476 0.106 53.018816 0.35 376.300.28 386.57128 0.78260 0.40 381.21 385.63 413.78407 0.78231 0.62 400.78768 0.48 378.188 53.68 412.87 378.85 392.0922 1.58746 0.985 52.78752 0.467 53.19 392.018743 0.00098 -0.018830 0.78 410.2 4.20 375.57213 0.78703 0.78935 0.120 53.78545 0.95 380.018762 0.06 387.315.3 4.97 401.56647 0.00090 -0.78275 0.78851 0.14 384.57 414.00090 -0.018835 0.09 389.018811 0.72 387.244.323.78 384.6 4.242.53 392.00098 -0.78801 0.78160 0.0827 1.00091 -0.2 4.1 4.248.312 53.57256 0.018753 0.018643 0.58631 0.78363 0.50 391.2 4.7 4.00099 -0.0927 1.066 53.0848 1.62 379.1 4.018653 0.147 53.5 4.018637 0.58359 0.58398 0.97 376.00102 -0.78392 0.018787 0.56998 0.00088 -0.58201 0.246.00096 -0.00089 -0.641 53.972 52.86 381.49 380.266.00090 -0.382 53.317.00086 -0.99 413.16 391.340 53.79 390.238.32 385.260.3 4.58707 0.230.12 409.69 388.91 384.74 389.0917 1.78885 0.368 53.78438 0.78453 0.597 53.81 390.0825 1.13 390.0843 1.76 382.00101 -0.78378 0.78655 0.288.26 400.2 4.274.05 383.56691 0.58001 0.626 53.20 383.4 4.093 53.96 382.00093 -0.44 404.97 385.256.0876 1.0909 1.47 406.78560 0.26 414.496 53.612 53.292.018806 0.50 415.78671 0.81 375.4 4.05 388.0 4.57425 0.12 382.21 379.8 4.325.15 390.78719 0.94 414.0850 1.453 53.439 53.73 377.280.0853 1.68 381.00097 -0.35 374.222.0 4.0817 1.57592 0.284 53.47 407.36 412.290.018663 0.0878 1.50 384.80 408.57839 0.5 4.00094 -0.56955 0.31 380.45 409.018821 0.018873 0.78468 0.3 4.018683 0.0 4.018688 0.0 4.11 377.039 53.0866 1.78246 0.44 388.00092 -0.0840 1.224.304.0884 1.568 53.6 4.999 52.78918 0.0868 1.34 387.75 388.00086 -0.0835 1.018796 0.32 382.00100 -0.56779 0.1 4.88 415.49 375.018723 0.20 0.37 379.4 4.1 4.78514 0.59 381.82 391.309.51 391.202 53.58241 0.46 408.018883 373.00101 -0.0912 1.56735 0.0832 1.354 53.78188 0.10 410.0799 1.294.78289 0.25 378.018673 0.319.018868 0.

77953 0.27 429.00083 -0.85 398.1061 4.65 407.77 403.58897 0.1033 1.59524 0.7 4.0955 1.1016 1.53 397.77546 0.149.2 4.018906 0.018967 0.59122 0.207.0 4.00084 -0.77770 0.56 421.3 4.019031 0.018897 0.97 421.60466 0.47 424.019103 0.018981 0.76 425.1053 1.78007 0.32 399.83 393.673 52.60330 0.019072 0.019063 0.0990 1.609 52.56 404.018944 0.178.584 52.77681 0.14 395.73 407.59196 0.53 401.07 420.77821 0.853 52.496 52.018887 0.133.019054 0.188.78132 0.019045 0.019112 0.220.209.00072 -0.04 407.78104 0.018962 0.77744 0.00079 -0.1023 1.372 52.1058 1.78076 0.00074 -0.3 4.04 427.16 393.78118 0.65 407.546 52.1 4.145.05 417.77732 0.67 420.3 4.0980 1.127.00069 -0.893 52.25 404.57 418.77913 0.9 4.45 400.01 404.62 403.00081 -0.360 52.39 403.299 0.571 52.36 402.00078 -0.0973 1.68 402.60228 0.00082 -0.83 430.416.35 407.00082 -0.0940 1.61 423.018990 0.00074 -0.00074 -0.827 52.21 396.175.12 406.77 420.77874 0.20 431.0962 1.880 52.59916 0.019008 0.48 399.9 4.1003 1.90 424.59416 0.15 402.59 400.59986 0.167.019099 0.1056 1.00079 -0.77474 1.85 422.00068 .5 4.5 4.46 395.1008 1.69 399.48 409.0932 1.7 4.1043 1.54 393.00069 -0.26 421.05 425.00078 -0.4 4.685 52.59159 0.018953 0.00068 -0.0988 1.634 52.31 404.23 405.74 407.134.00075 -0.60090 0.521 52.698 52.216.31 403.58935 0.164.00080 -0.77887 0.458 52.60365 0.814 52.60055 0.59452 0.205.1005 1.47 419.00072 -0.44 428.77940 0.00069 -0.54 396.0985 1.95 408.1026 1.00077 -0.82 394.75 427.77861 0.397 52.31 423.906 52.77694 0.59951 0.16 399.79 396.1 4.51 398.7 4.1031 1.59010 0.1051 1.533 52.59343 0.1 4.184.00071 -0.19 405.1 4.018939 0.019017 0.59560 0.153.57 408.1010 1.8 4.60500 0.55 429.214.019081 0.147.0942 1.1000 1.018999 0.186.00076 -0.724 52.151.16 428.02 423.00 429.169.00070 -0.5 4.60567 0.018916 0.77848 0.711 52.44 406.125.197.182.162.00085 -0.158.018994 0.59739 0.018985 0.26 408.1 4.165.1 4.180.77522 0.00083 -0.1018 1.42 406.17 419.59845 0.90 401.0993 1.78 0.12 400.0983 1.866 52.018920 0.00072 -0.019022 0.019121 392.932 52.96 400.737 52.73 423.83 399.21 394.347 52.018958 0.762 52.59703 0.142.019058 0.80 400.59269 0.00083 -0.019090 0.59488 0.15 394.201.00082 -0.019040 0.77594 0.192.88 395.81 406.19 426.311 52.194.96 418.01 399.0937 1.59306 0.41 401.10 430.60601 0.87 397.749 52.018948 0.471 52.59596 0.00073 -0.77644 0.019067 0.596 52.00073 -0.1 4.77486 0.60125 0.60194 0.55 394.00085 -0.00077 -0.77927 0.77900 0.5 4.90 426.77669 0.87 409.203.018901 0.136.019094 0.7 4.77498 0.60 427.88 396.6 4.87 405.0935 1.17 409.59668 0.84 406.018911 0.37 420.019036 0.00079 -0.156.87 419.1038 1.27 400.00070 -0.2 4.019085 0.0960 1.58972 0.77980 0.2 4.0952 1.20 397.73 398.59379 0.483 52.60296 0.6 4.421 52.140.775 52.00076 -0.18 424.3 4.0947 1.8 4.195.77809 0.6 4.58784 0.48 394.9 4.9 4.77719 0.32 427.66 417.77582 0.72 402.019004 0.77834 0.60398 0.160.77656 0.019108 0.77510 0.154.323 52.1028 1.09 397.4 4.019049 0.60432 0.622 52.22 395.788 52.96 408.0995 1.213.00078 -0.919 52.15 422.019026 0.6 4.77967 0.18 398.171.58822 0.7 4.22 401.5 4.018925 0.24 408.62 404.018934 0.0945 1.60262 0.44 396.0 4.190.77 401.59632 0.9 4.46 402.00075 -0.53 405.78035 0.1036 1.211.05 398.446 52.00073 -0.00081 -0.1048 1.00085 -0.92 431.38 430.33 425.76 397.78049 0.384 52.88 394.131.508 52.558 52.84 402.00081 -0.2 4.199.05 407.0957 1.00084 -0.60533 0.0967 1.78090 0.00080 -0.018930 0.59085 0.138.945 52.9 4.4 4.8 4.018892 0.801 52.74 417.1013 1.00075 -0.35 417.65 430.78021 0.58859 0.60159 0.7 4.1046 1.8 4.50 392.81 395.77558 0.3 4.59775 0.37 398.41 397.44 422.77994 0.129.0970 1.218.00077 -0.660 52.77757 0.08 403.8 4.59810 0.70 404.9 -0.1021 1.173.77783 0.59047 0.177.647 52.434 52.54 393.60020 0.93 405.27 418.2 4.59233 0.409 52.14 406.018971 0.4 4.77631 0.49 393.00084 -0.335 52.55 395.47 426.143.47 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 52.019013 0.019076 0.0965 1.0950 1.840 52.59880 0.77706 0.94 404.00080 -0.77570 0.50 405.9 4.0998 1.018976 0.77534 0.99 403.00071 -0.00070 -0.77619 0.77607 0.78062 0.0978 1.3 4.04 402.35 407.0975 1.09 401.019117 0.88 428.1041 1.64 399.12 396.72 429.62 425.00076 -0.77796 0.

1076 1.117.1109 1.7 4.00055 -0.61849 0.89 434.36 412.3 4.57 418.092.965 51.77334 0.92 422.00067 -0.051.00063 -0.115.61 418.71 418.1169 1.1141 1.711 51.37 421.00 420.019130 0.00062 -0.4 4.1079 1.76911 1.019222 0.67 414.757 51.14 441.20 411.76921 0.019143 0.14 419.77068 0.1086 1.89 419.1094 1.1106 1.019261 0.36 433.95 435.071.61061 0.78 423.1159 1.049.124.00056 -0.39 441.860 51.0 4.019139 0.274 52.10 421.28 432.14 443.166 52.099.00052 -0.77176 0.60 438.019313 0.00060 -0.019283 0.65 413.8 4.779 51.77187 0.8 4.059.00066 -0.63 443.77462 0.22 417.019300 0.1167 1.3 4.58 411.00053 -0.22 435.61382 0.68 410.088.77025 0.50 417.60767 0.109.00056 -0.085.00058 -0.6 4.094.1074 1.837 51.046.06 423.101.019148 0.083.42 417.745 51.39 443.019205 0.047.976 51.77403 0.2 4.1139 1.019317 0.38 414.98 420.00054 -0.61571 0.14 409.8 4.1149 1.00053 -0.48 435.00061 -0.77232 0.77450 0.078.00053 -0.023 52.052.1182 1.1104 1.00058 -0.1144 1.08 410.60866 0.00054 -0.77277 0.019178 0.01 432.1066 1.3 4.76994 0.98 411.00068 -0.07 412.059 52.286 52.61 410.1 4.953 51.76962 0.102.019134 0.00051 -0.77144 0.82 415.019296 0.70 419.1154 1.77079 0.722 51.62183 0.019200 0.61602 0.24 414.082 52.93 417.14 442.60964 0.35 413.8 4.6 4.1146 1.55 420.037.00067 -0.95 422.81 414.1172 1.24 415.1 4.00062 -0.00061 -0.906 51.883 51.895 51.90 411.06 413.3 4.00054 -0.61508 0.01 436.019170 0.61222 0.61029 0.00052 -0.019209 0.1068 1.00 418.23 422.87 412.056.1084 1.27 416.019278 0.012 52.1164 1.83 421.60734 0.019227 0.00065 -0.019156 0.65 421.054.61094 0.108.035 52.00052 -0.00063 -0.89 424.76952 0.1131 1.53 414.1111 1.28 420.76931 0.82 433.019257 0.097.178 52.73 410.9 4.77345 0.39 442.1089 1.848 51.080.047 52.1129 1.65 416.00064 -0.075.98 416.56 416.61318 0.6 4.1126 1.74 432.019334 0.104.019287 0.1174 1.73 423.83 421.61413 0.49 411.1091 1.00065 -0.066.00055 -0.090.4 4.00064 -0.61788 0.61350 0.069.77368 0.019125 0.250 52.62033 0.0 4.55 432.941 51.00059 -0.09 438.00056 -0.77154 0.62 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 52.019270 0.019196 0.019244 0.061.6 4.4 4.2 4.77415 0.00066 -0.039.44 0.77427 0.1184 1.1119 1.8 4.60700 0.05 437.17 412.61190 0.073.84 409.1187 1.431.076.9 4.019253 0.13 444.7 4.2 4.1157 1.77133 0.89 443.85 419.77047 0.61126 0.00061 -0.37 444.918 51.6 4.3 4.238 52.76983 0.17 419.6 4.77254 0.47 412.11 439.019235 0.88 444.019192 0.64 440.00057 -0.1071 1.64 442.019265 0.62002 0.77243 0.1063 1.3 4.61 423.019308 0.37 439.77122 0.3 4.000 51.154 52.80 416.019165 0.61539 0.019338 0.019183 0.60800 0.019291 0.8 4.61664 0.57 437.19 422.60931 0.00057 -0.019330 0.64 441.61726 0.61911 0.32 410.77057 0.1124 1.77391 0.00066 -0.1081 1.019218 0.62063 0.094 52.1101 1.00057 -0.130 52.214 52.77380 0.019213 0.77015 0.019321 0.77288 0.5 4.77322 0.60634 0.09 414.1116 1.27 420.00065 -0.0 4.60833 0.1177 1.76973 0.88 440.38 440.78 412.142 52.61819 0.122.057.77100 0.23 413.113.09 416.019274 0.118 52.262 52.00060 -0.1 4.61757 0.700 0.7 4.019161 0.019187 0.814 51.61286 0.4 4.9 4.202 52.61476 0.16 434.190 52.044.11 415.042.62123 0.1099 1.09 433.42 434.064.00062 -0.77299 0.768 51.62213 0.34 418.00058 -0.063.38 410.45 419.1152 1.14 417.89 441.1096 1.43 409.95 415.111.0 4.019174 0.77165 0.226 52.1 4.802 51.00060 -0.74 436.00051 .019231 0.42 419.72 420.69 415.0 4.1 4.06 418.825 51.79 437.37 416.118.6 -0.77198 0.52 413.02 410.60898 0.019342 408.019240 0.7 4.61254 0.62 439.068.01 410.60996 0.1 4.52 415.60667 0.4 4.120.77311 0.13 440.019304 0.77210 0.77111 0.77221 0.872 51.1189 4.00059 -0.39 421.62 433.1134 1.34 423.734 51.019325 0.77036 0.77004 0.00067 -0.77438 0.77265 0.46 422.85 417.61445 0.106.087.78 418.27 436.61695 0.67 421.019248 0.16 424.1162 1.6 4.081.11 421.28 418.40 415.071 52.041.61880 0.77357 0.94 414.51 422.89 442.69 434.55 420.61633 0.94 413.00059 -0.106 52.1136 1.1114 1.28 411.31 437.791 51.00055 -0.930 51.34 438.019152 0.53 436.1 4.86 439.095.1179 1.988 51.77089 0.62153 0.1121 1.61972 0.76 413.6 4.61158 0.65 412.61941 0.00063 -0.62093 0.76942 0.83 438.4 4.00064 -0.

7 1.201.5429 1.5382 1.651.48 389.201.5149 0.31233 0.653.49592 0.3 1.50125 0.32005 0.115.1 1.5333 1.652.7 1.9 1.4875 0.5363 1.30064 0.71101 0.200.1 1.4 1.80 392.116.4412 0.49225 0.29899 0.5 1.1632 2.116.9108 1.2772 2.6 1.93 396.87 390.0423 2.72941 0.115.49879 0.30231 0.3 1.202.653.5107 0.31 386.116.69682 0.4476 0.4 1.9501 1.71334 0.653.0 1.652.5 1.49373 0.5 1.49628 0.0690 2.69921 0.115.8 1.31676 0.49772 0.9185 1.0 1.71023 0.4981 0.652.31548 0.1 1.114.49076 0.7 1.1 1.8880 1.5367 1.116.49843 0.4 1.4 1.9909 1.49410 0.116.49950 0.9 1.26 390.84 399.9581 1.0 1.4 1.49483 0.199.115.114.31741 0.71256 0.72333 0.200.4939 0.2 1.653.116.8 1.4960 0.71874 0.200.2 1.5233 0.29422 0.4812 0.9032 1.07 394.4 1.201.5 1.115.1 1.0600 2.70238 0.12 398.115.652.3 1.1 1.5341 1.200.70080 0.70475 0.30690 0.6 1.72638 0.63 383.49446 0.9826 1.4623 0.1 1.4 1.115.7 1.652.1 1.7 1.116.1731 2.116.30458 0.71951 0.200.116.6 1.71411 0.0872 2.652.2556 2.51 385.49808 0.5044 0.5315 1.6 1.8731 Internal Energy (Btu/lbm) Enthalpy Entropy Cv Cp Sound (Btu/lbm) (Btu/lbm*R) (Btu/lbm*R) (Btu/lbm*R) Spd.30868 0.115.30 396.7 1.03 391.31171 0.201.651.4833 0.4644 0.5370 1.49914 0.5326 1.5445 1.654.5352 1.8 1.115.9 1.32 393.9 1.654.201.200.70710 0.70000 0.46 383.48461 0.71179 0.66 397.201.0 1.200.5002 0.653.30808 0.200.3 1.115.4 1.0 1.653.1 1.2 1.72257 0.5 1.49188 0.49262 0.4 1.4707 0.201.94 393.5312 1.48887 0.4497 0.31421 0.71720 0.72789 0.48963 0.5458 1.49519 0.31612 0.49556 0.4728 0.91 388.2 1.5 1.70 394.4770 0.72562 0.31938 0.8805 1.0 1.30008 0.116.4 1.5386 1.49151 0.201.73016 1.71566 0.5359 1.2664 2.7 1.5 1.5450 1.19 399.653.5374 1.5441 1.5322 1.115.9 1.30749 0.200.30343 0.6 1.71 387.9 1.9 1.0964 2.11 387.30988 0.48810 0.5023 0.56 392.5212 0.8 1.3 1.4 1.2 1.201.199.29474 0.653.9 1.5348 1.652.72410 0.1057 2.6 1.200.49985 0.70317 0.0 1.7 1.202.2 1.2 1.2 1.31358 0.31295 0.1 1.200.49336 0.49700 0.200.5297 1.5355 1.0249 2.116.7 1.70945 0.9 1.9 1.654.29370 1.4 1.8 1.30928 0.2033 2.4581 0.5421 1.3 1.31807 0.4854 0.18 392.50055 0.87 384.3 1.4560 0.49736 0.8 1.4791 0.9 1.3 1.49113 0.29954 0.29631 0.30632 0.115.8 1.200.6 1.5344 1.29526 0.70159 0.56 395.9993 1.28 384.8 1.30119 0.6 1.115.65 391.201.0 1.201.5393 1.1 1.5304 1.201.8 1.5065 0.69841 0.115.50090 0.5405 1.202.70553 0.5086 0.70632 0.5462 1.48656 0.9342 1.4896 0.69602 0.71489 0.2 1.654.8 1.72865 0.4391 0.09 389.652.30400 0.199.48 398.2 0.4454 0.3 1.5 1.199.6 1.4 1.653.30175 0.3 1.49299 0.651.1 1.7 1.116.5128 0.48500 0.5170 0.5319 1.5378 1.1534 2.5191 0.31110 0.0163 2.201.116.72486 0.116.6 1.654.0511 2.2 1.55 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 0.5294 0.5 .5425 1.8 1.8 1.0336 2.201.48579 0.48540 0.115.654.116.200.48733 0.202.29684 0.30573 0.30 388.Vapor Phase Data Data on Saturation Curve Temperatur Pressure Density e (F) (psia) (lbm/ft3) 382.2344 2.44 394.9263 1.8 1.9 1.653.115.1437 2.1340 2.653.5 1.4 1.0 1.30515 0.201.9 1.7 1.5413 1.49038 0.651.4518 0.5337 1.0 1.8956 1.653.201.5466 1.9 1.116.39 397.29738 0.49000 0.8 1.201.1931 2.70867 0.48695 0.3 1.5301 1.653.50020 0.115.31049 0.72181 0.2 1.5318 0.6 1.5339 Volume (ft3/lbm) 2.48848 0.0078 1.652.201.4 1.31484 0.4686 0.5401 1.30287 0.5 1.115.82 395.42 391.91 386.654.10 385.48925 0.05 383.4665 0.72104 0.29845 0.0780 2.3 1.9421 1.9744 1.0 1.654.4433 0.653.201.115.200.5390 1.29579 0.2239 2.199.71643 0.116.69761 0.652.69522 0.202.5433 1.652.9 1.31872 0.201. (ft/s) JouleThomson (F/psia) 1.5417 1.4918 0.1 1.5409 1.22 382.651.7 1.2 1.2 1.116.5297 0.4 1.5397 1.651.2450 2.115.0 1.5308 1.1245 2.652.70 389.1150 2.72028 0.654.71797 0.116.115.49664 0.116.9662 1.5437 1.69 385.48617 0.4749 0.4602 0.116.652.29791 0.1 1.5 1.5330 1.653.03 397.5 1.5 1.19 395.9 1.2136 2.5276 0.1 1.200.651.70789 0.1831 2.5454 1.116.7 1.654.7 1.72714 0.4539 0.653.116.70396 0.51 387.75 398.48772 0.5254 0.

51428 0.203.6 1.655.50807 0.13 406.5172 1.5154 1.74657 0.117.0 1.29066 0.8 1.6398 1.28300 0.10 410.28486 0.0 1.3 1.6174 1.399.117.27548 0.9 1.8 1.203.6162 0.5639 1.117.117.28918 0.76118 0.7 1.203.5 1.654.3 1.203.202.5 1.6394 0.5145 1.50402 0.8 1.50264 0.28772 0.5950 0.117.02 402.1 1.5243 1.74 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 0.19 415.68 412.203.202.76262 0.51460 0.6 1.27505 0.5160 1.51744 0.5507 0.655.8 1.06 403.655.28533 0.5360 0.2 1.6 1.6352 0.27983 0.655.655.74287 0.7 1.76695 0.75463 0.655.27676 0.117.5 1.655.6204 0.5634 0.655.655.204.117.655.73542 0.50538 0.7 1.76839 1.118.204.654.27463 0.28723 0.117.203.5277 1.74509 0.654.5273 1.4 1.9 1.203.73841 0.117.7 1.74064 0.5259 1.51776 0.3 1.28346 0.4 1.9 1.118.117.6629 1.5280 1.5178 1.2 1.117.6035 0.6866 1.27719 0.50907 0.6310 0.203.7 1.51807 0.27296 0.6064 1.6 1.50504 0.202.117.76045 0.5127 0.50606 0.9 1.8 1.6056 0.50940 0.5 1.8584 1.5290 1.204.75536 0.203.74139 0.72 412.99 413.6571 1.118.51299 0.5381 0.117.50333 0.6373 0.655.5465 0.51396 0.9 1.5655 0.3 1.76623 0.118.5691 1.75682 0.6331 0.72 403.5253 1.6183 0.50640 0.36 412.7048 1.50470 0.117.8 1.203.655.9 1.50299 0.32 401.5142 1.6987 1.27590 0.203.29268 0.8512 1.3 1.118.655.6 1.29217 0.76407 0.654.8 1.91 400.5233 1.76767 0.51137 0.5 1.5207 1.6 1.5230 1.9 1.655.204.655.27379 0.5845 0.6806 1.2 1.5849 1.118.37 402.202.73916 0.655.3 1.5739 0.5782 0.7171 1.74435 0.7 1.9 1.118.5676 0.117.5803 0.5191 1.117.51104 0.118.203.202.8227 1.75609 0.5194 1.4 1.27255 0.51267 0.1 1.6077 0.78 410.28254 0.50230 0.8 1.0 1.75900 0.5 1.203.6286 1.75098 0.1 1.73167 0.28628 0.5 1.29017 0.654.81 416.5760 0.6342 1.76335 0.5197 1.27763 0.73092 0.0 1.50740 0.203.12 409.4 1.6140 0.6246 0.8 1.73467 0.6513 1.0 1.75 411.46 405.5 1.7 1.8 1.1 1.202.116.50160 0.1 1.28392 0.28869 0.655.117.2 1.5956 1.50673 0.1 1.655.74730 0.202.3 1.5528 0.117.7 1.6 1.202.7 1.8158 1.51234 0.4 1.7553 1.51364 0.117.5402 0.655.117.7 1.5236 1.76190 0.1 1.5588 1.5249 1.3 1.50973 0.73990 0.7817 1.7488 1.8 1.2 1.74877 0.2 1.51838 0.203.27092 0.43 410.2 1.203.9 1.203.51555 0.51202 0.117.654.117.7297 1.5824 0.0 0.3 1.203.79 409.80 406.73392 0.5 1.5200 1.116.655.29167 0.0 1.654.0 1.7750 1.5993 0.51072 0.50874 0.51170 0.43 416.5537 1.40 411.8088 1.117.51587 0.51713 0.118.5175 1.5283 1.28072 0.2 1.655.28439 0.8 1.6 1.5550 0.97 401.26 414.28580 0.47 406.654.51039 0.117.6 1.9 1.118.117.27173 0.94 414.8020 1.202.5130 1.27052 0.9 1.6119 1.75827 0.13 408.27894 0.6 1.4 1.118.117.27633 0.9 1.6455 1.117.50572 0.45 409.117.655.51618 0.655.117.5571 0.9 1.12 416.5444 0.203.5136 1.655.655.655.9 1.117.46 408.0 1.5239 1.655.27421 0.2 1.203.1 1.6 1.57 414.5266 1.0 1.5 1.202.78 405.655.6010 1.6 1.67 402.9 1.9 1.74804 0.6230 1.7424 1.47 407.203.50774 0.655.5256 1.2 1.9 1.88 415.12 405.8 1.8298 1.2 1.118.1 1.203.8 1.75317 0.5 1.73617 0.75755 0.202.203.5210 1.8 1.3 1.7234 1.5908 0.5 1.5226 1.202.51491 0.117.6119 0.655.27938 0.655.75171 0.6 1.9 1.203.31 413.204.4 1.50195 0.8 1.5223 1.5157 1.1 1.5139 1.63 413.7 1.50436 0.04 412.5185 1.26 400.5 1.655.28208 0.118.07 411.75973 0.9 1.50 415.7 1.28027 0.27338 0.202.655.7109 1.202.3 1.28117 0.50841 0.80 408.73692 0.202.202.28675 0.1 1.5887 0.655.655.5744 1.654.7884 1.118.8658 1.655.0 1.203.5151 1.655.117.118.4 1.5796 1.5 1.5613 0.0 1.51523 0.7952 1.7 1.655.80 407.656.7 1.41 403.6267 0.44 404.9 1.5902 1.50707 0.28162 0.6436 1.6926 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.7 1.3 1.8440 1.5718 0.5929 0.74361 0.27011 .1 1.5148 1.7 1.4 1.5 1.27806 0.5133 1.3 1.118.4 1.75390 0.76551 0.6014 0.75244 0.73766 0.5166 1.5263 1.5182 1.203.5169 1.5270 1.8 1.202.28967 0.75024 0.5287 1.1 1.51650 0.117.62 400.4 1.5866 0.655.203.7618 1.654.5423 0.6225 0.5971 0.14 407.51682 0.3 1.6098 0.6415 0.5592 0.203.5204 1.27214 0.6 1.6746 1.5188 1.9 1.74583 0.9 1.7360 1.51006 0.5486 0.118.0 1.75 404.74213 0.2 1.5246 1.28820 0.1 1.5697 0.29116 0.76479 0.5163 1.27132 0.5213 1.4 1.8369 1.5 1.73242 0.51331 0.50368 0.2 1.73317 0.203.5217 1.5220 1.6687 1.74951 0.2 1.6288 0.3 1.202.29319 0.10 404.7684 1.27850 0.655.654.

78194 0.7306 0.76910 0.7519 0.118.656.118.33 425.5 1.656.0 1.5 1.6 1.6818 0.656.1 1.5101 1.62 425.204.25778 0.3849 1.26207 0.76 425.0 1.26170 0.80160 0.7349 0.1 1.52717 0.7285 0.5435 1.80508 1.75 427.5 1.5081 1.7 1.79881 0.205.118.1 1.119.1 1.118.6691 0.656.656.6754 0.0 1.1 1.204.204.3300 1.19 426.25336 0.0 1.0 1.204.8 1.2 1.3 1.4999 1.205.66 417.6563 0.4 1.1 1.6881 0.1 1.7094 0.204.3 1.4014 1.77554 0.80230 0.119.25402 0.77981 0.1 1.5236 1.5285 1.204.119.8 1.52419 0.0 1.0 1.656.5012 1.52864 0.51993 0.417.1 1.7 1.118.4268 1.52835 0.204.5121 1.656.0 1.1 1.44 422.05 425.80300 0.27 418.5039 1.656.7 1.4577 1.26581 0.6903 0.26280 0.79111 0.4 1.53326 0.118.61 423.79602 0.656.656.1 1.26971 0.7242 0.52658 0.38 430.25369 0.90 424.8 1.656.119.9 1.118.2 1.52688 0.5042 1.0 1.204.78689 0.78618 0.205.6987 0.656.67 420.119.78900 0.51869 0.5 1.3414 1.3648 1.77 420.205.6775 0.119.1 1.1 1.5050 1.0 1.5067 1.3530 1.656.00 429.656.80439 0.3263 1.52024 0.53096 0.656.204.5015 1.7540 1.119.1 1.5 1.1 1.2 1.9 1.7434 0.4 1.52299 0.118.205.25639 0.204.55 429.78477 0.3687 1.47 426.205.79041 0.6966 0.118.26467 0.204.25883 0.25204 0.119.6500 0.52747 0.88 428.656.53125 0.119.26317 0.119.1 1.0 1.77697 0.2 1.656.0 1.9 0.1 1.656.205.25436 0.78335 0.6 1.119.1 1.2 1.53039 0.5124 1.78970 0.31 423.4312 1.118.1 1.118.4668 1.79951 0.6 1.1 1.6458 0.7 1.25813 0.656.3376 1.0 1.118.04 427.118.53240 0.204.3 1.204.5090 1.5 1.47 424.02 423.2 1.26134 0.1 1.77910 0.6 1.119.4991 1.52147 0.97 421.6669 0.204.9 1.78052 0.5058 1.27 429.53154 0.0 1.79251 0.204.656.26658 0.656.52981 0.1 1.1 1.4 1.656.4 1.3768 1.2 1.204.205.26543 0.4532 1.119.26852 0.3 1.3889 1.4 1.8 1.5072 1.90 426.2 1.118.5083 1.56 421.2 1.0 1.7455 0.656.4 1.5053 1.7 1.5 1.9 1.26098 0.4947 1.1 1.5112 1.204.4399 1.1 1.77768 0.119.79462 0.3338 1.96 418.4994 1.1 1.3972 1.0 1.118.204.26429 0.25503 0.1 1.4 1.57 418.26026 0.9 1.5056 1.7 1.1 1.1 1.7412 0.25708 0.0 1.83 430.7327 0.26774 0.53269 0.52806 0.78547 0.1 1.80091 0.5004 1.118.2 1.656.656.1 1.4899 1.7136 0.77197 0.76982 0.5036 1.10 430.8 1.53354 0.204.5061 1.4986 1.6712 0.79392 0.9 1.5098 1.53068 0.205.656.2 1.204.2 1.655.119.204.26355 0.5007 1.25571 0.5018 1.204.2 1.3808 1.1 1.4097 1.5020 1.0 1.656.656.4443 1.118.118.3569 1.5031 1.4225 1.25919 0.5109 1.25674 0.74 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 346 347 348 349 350 0.3727 1.52776 0.6627 0.204.7030 0.78406 0.6839 0.26392 0.72 429.118.656.25270 0.118.4714 1.5187 1.77340 0.6796 0.5064 1.1 1.119.5086 1.6945 0.1 1.656.52569 0.51962 0.1 1.52599 0.26735 0.656.52449 0.1 1.26505 0.85 422.1 1.4853 1.118.656.205.7115 0.5010 1.204.52893 0.1 1.8 1.9 1.1 1.3 1.52479 0.656.77054 0.205.20 431.25469 0.8 1.0 1.204.5047 1.5115 1.204.0 1.5118 1.7 1.205.52539 0.5106 1.80021 0.0 1.73 423.204.7072 0.3931 1.656.119.6 1.119.79322 0.53183 0.118.3608 1.5026 1.79812 0.2 1.51931 0.6 1.26 421.118.1 1.26932 0.5335 1.656.80369 0.656.6606 0.656.118.6924 0.4989 1.656.53297 0.5045 1.5002 1.25605 0.6521 0.52509 0.656.5104 1.118.25848 0.4055 1.53211 0.8 1.2 1.52208 0.6 1.77625 0.26062 0.4806 1.26696 0.35 417.26813 0.78123 0.53382 0.25743 0.656.7178 0.52329 0.52952 0.204.51900 0.118.53010 0.1 1.9 1.52055 0.47 431.5138 1.3491 1.656.5028 1.7 1.15 422.6 1.0 1.7200 0.32 427.07 420.4355 1.25172 0.44 428.26619 0.656.6542 0.37 420.52116 0.05 417.92 431.7009 0.52238 0.7391 0.25990 0.4488 1.7157 0.656.25303 0.119.77126 0.65 430.7 1.7051 0.52085 0.119.60 427.4994 1.7263 0.7476 0.1 1.17 419.119.77412 0.118.0 1.5385 1.9 1.52923 0.205.656.5095 1.26244 0.118.5075 1.79532 0.77483 0.204.5089 1.77269 0.52269 0.4984 0.52359 0.6585 0.8 1.205.205.79181 0.9 1.7497 0.205.0 1.5078 1.3452 1.79672 0.0 1.9 1.18 424.6 1.656.26892 0.78759 0.0 1.79742 0.5486 1.52628 0.1 1.204.5042 1.656.25237 0.4622 1.4997 1.204.656.6733 0.4182 1.0 1.25537 0.119.3 1.205.8 1.47 419.656.0 1.2 1.52389 0.118.204.1 1.204.78830 0.656.7370 0.78265 0.656.7 1.25139 .0 1.6860 0.52177 0.77839 0.7221 0.204.5092 1.656.0 1.6648 0.5069 1.0 1.6479 0.5 1.16 428.87 419.4140 1.1 1.118.5023 1.204.5034 1.3 1.4760 1.25954 0.

64 442.4946 1.4888 1.53775 0.4 1.82853 0.2 1.4976 1.3 1.205.1704 1.205.6 1.119.1 1.4895 1.119.83878 0.24278 0.4 1.31 437.4 1.83468 0.119.4966 1.23823 0.54077 0.7732 0.23990 0.79 437.119.4921 1.6 1.3 1.8 1.54321 0.8 1.205.5 1.24636 0.7 1.655.57 437.1733 1.54693 0.83605 0.22 435.6 1.8 1.5 1.89 442.83263 0.7903 0.4961 1.205.119.4864 1.7 1.54588 0.54428 0.89 443.82029 0.655.80855 0.7 1.24248 0.7 1.24307 0.81685 0.5 1.655.53830 0.54720 0.8 1.8609 1.119.2161 1.7668 0.82442 0.4 1.8394 0.54401 0.7 1.62 433.54641 0.4909 1.8 1.64 440.7 1.119.655.83673 0.205.4874 1.2553 1.95 435.8138 0.4869 1.24853 0.655.4963 1.82579 0.24979 0.119.8 1.655.24019 0.3 1.54508 0.4 1.7583 0.119.205.205.2289 1.28 432.1822 1.655.205.655.3 1.4 1.37 439.655.7 1.53 436.23878 0.4 1.8 1.654.8009 0.119.53968 0.7988 0.53886 0.83400 0.119.2519 1.2452 1.119.24455 0.655.80647 0.8309 0.655.81892 0.54455 0.53524 0.24915 0.6 1.205.205.6 1.54482 0.2129 1.6 1.4 1.5 1.09 433.3 1.655.9 1.655.7 1.205.53580 0.119.119.24728 0.119.4897 1.23740 0.4941 1.3225 1.5 1.6 1.23658 .8544 0.11 439.8416 0.53858 0.83195 0.2 1.205.8373 0.2934 1.205.119.4 1.23850 0.655.05 437.24545 0.24485 0.4 1.7 1.655.2036 1.4867 1.7625 0.655.1674 1.6 1.24133 0.4 1.655.2419 1.119.7 1.54348 0.4881 1.2257 1.205.6 1.81063 0.9 1.54105 0.119.655.655.655.205.81271 0.4 1.4948 1.5 1.205.119.5 1.655.432.25043 0.7 1.4958 1.7 1.4926 1.3078 1.7 1.655.24884 0.24047 0.119.8566 0.6 1.2 1.655.2225 1.3 1.23906 0.6 1.4876 1.5 1.5 1.82510 0.14 441.2586 1.7 1.119.24104 0.7 1.9 0.4971 1.54614 0.82647 0.7796 0.53608 0.4 1.4956 1.80786 0.7 1.205.54746 0.1 1.119.1913 1.205.205.4914 1.2354 1.7647 0.7 1.82990 0.205.88 444.655.4890 1.655.38 440.5 1.53995 0.205.24790 0.7 1.4878 1.205.1882 1.8 1.0 1.4919 1.5 1.8116 0.24161 0.8 1.39 442.1616 1.4902 1.7 1.14 443.6 1.4936 1.205.7 1.54186 0.23934 0.205.119.119.2193 1.4883 1.4933 1.62 439.8523 0.3 1.7 1.81616 0.54023 0.119.2005 1.3188 1.54240 0.8587 0.205.8031 0.205.6 1.8180 0.7945 0.7817 0.6 1.4916 1.205.7711 0.5 1.119.5 1.4907 1.5 1.82098 0.205.119.4 1.24759 0.4885 1.53692 0.6 1.655.119.13 444.8 1.2386 1.80717 0.2321 1.23767 0.6 1.119.4911 1.4892 1.82373 0.7 1.53467 0.7 1.654.5 1.119.3151 1.7924 0.24190 0.7775 0.24575 0.119.01 436.119.2863 1.88 440.2689 1.205.205.24606 0.4 1.205.81754 0.205.2 1.655.25075 0.89 441.53941 0.53747 0.8 1.655.53913 0.8 1.24219 0.62 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 398 399 400 0.2792 1.8330 0.81960 0.3 1.7967 0.4 1.0 1.54667 0.53439 0.4904 1.2067 1.7689 0.6 1.6 1.7561 0.119.7753 0.655.54267 0.82236 0.4931 1.83537 0.0 1.205.7839 0.655.205.655.2758 1.7 1.53552 0.6 1.7 1.81202 0.2827 1.89 434.39 443.5 1.3 1.54050 0.64 441.83741 0.53636 0.23795 0.36 433.80578 0.5 1.24075 0.655.83 438.7 1.119.1943 1.205.655.80994 0.205.83058 0.81132 0.7881 0.09 438.8459 0.4978 1.8287 0.53664 0.205.119.82167 0.3005 1.8159 0.119.6 1.9 1.5 1.5 1.655.8 1.7860 0.8502 0.4928 1.1763 1.53719 0.4943 1.54375 0.6 1.205.82304 0.63 443.2898 1.8266 0.7 1.9 1.8437 0.205.655.24336 0.24515 0.8480 0.60 438.81547 0.9 1.16 434.54132 0.6 1.23685 0.27 436.119.24395 0.205.2723 1.205.14 442.205.83946 1.24366 0.119.83332 0.3 1.82716 0.1974 1.53496 0.205.4871 1.23713 0.2969 1.3 1.82921 0.205.655.24947 0.7 1.4862 0.4973 1.34 438.4 1.9 1.655.54294 0.54159 0.4938 1.655.3 1.655.655.24425 0.2654 1.24821 0.55 432.74 436.8095 0.119.80925 0.205.205.81823 0.83809 0.655.119.01 432.1792 1.655.655.8 1.6 1.13 440.48 435.3 1.5 1.3041 1.8352 0.119.81478 0.82 433.8223 0.205.655.8245 0.4981 1.69 434.54213 0.205.5 1.81340 0.86 439.7 1.7604 0.4 1.119.3 1.119.119.119.37 444.83127 0.81409 0.4924 1.9 1.205.53803 0.119.1645 1.8 1.39 441.4 1.53411 0.2620 1.655.9 1.8073 0.2098 1.2486 1.205.3 1.25107 0.6 1.4968 1.7 1.0 1.8202 0.7 1.655.25011 0.4951 1.3114 1.6 1.119.655.4953 1.654.1852 1.54561 0.5 1.6 1.119.8052 0.24667 0.4 1.24697 0.23962 0.82784 0.4899 1.119.119.42 434.1 1.3 1.54535 0.

10 3200.16 K for saturated liquid.Auxiliary Data ( All data downloaded from NIST website: http://webbook.0 0. at 273. Additional fluid data Critical temperature (Tc) Critical pressure (Pc) Critical density (Dc) Acentric factor Normal boiling point Dipole moment 705.nist.0 at 273.95 1.102 0.16 K for saturated liquid.855 o F psia lbm/ft3 o F Debye .gov/chemistry/fluid/ ) Reference States Internal energy Entropy U= S= 0.3443 211.1 20.

0002 0.66251 0.0002 0.66550 0.66413 0.13265 0.66164 0.00 6.66363 0.13485 0.13155 0.13793 0.13410 0.13182 0.13336 0.66326 0.57 Viscosity (cP) Therm.13708 0.66301 0.13742 0.66613 0.13425 0.66438 0.66500 0.14 7.13279 0.0002 0. (W/m*K) Surf.13196 0.13380 0.13759 0.66525 0.13169 0.13351 0.66600 0.13692 0.0002 0.13293 0.13578 0.66488 0.13675 0.0002 0.0002 0.0002 0.0002 0.66139 0.66238 0.66188 0.66475 0.13470 0.0002 0.66101 0.0002 0.0002 0.13810 0.13223 0.66089 0.0002 0.13776 0.13210 0.7.13516 0.0002 0.0002 0.66213 0.0002 0.0002 0.0002 0.0002 0.13237 0.0002 0.0002 0.66626 0.0002 0.13827 0.66563 0.29 4.13563 0.66151 0.13643 0.66226 0.66638 0.0002 0.0002 0.66388 0.0002 0.13251 0.66425 0.0002 0.66463 0.0002 0.66126 0.13308 0.0002 0.66400 0.0002 0.0002 0.0002 liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid .13659 0.0002 0.0002 0.13395 0.0002 0.0002 0.66350 0.66201 0.13440 0.13455 0. Cond.13610 0.0002 0.0002 0.66114 0.0002 0.13626 0.0002 0.66538 0.66263 0.0002 0.13366 0.66450 0.13531 0.66313 0.66176 0.66575 0.0002 0.66338 0.66375 0.66513 0.0002 0.66276 0.66288 0.0002 0. Tension (lb/in) Phase 0.13594 0.13547 0.13725 0.13500 0.66588 0.0002 0.0002 0.13322 0.0002 0.

0.13142
0.13128
0.13115
0.13102
0.13089
0.13075
0.13062
0.13049
0.13037
0.13024
0.13011
0.12998
0.12986
0.12973
0.12961
0.12948
0.12936
0.12923
0.12911
0.12899
0.12887
0.12875
0.12862
0.12851
0.12839
0.12827
0.12815
0.12803
0.12791
0.12780
0.12768
0.12757
0.12745
0.12734
0.12722
0.12711
0.12700
0.12688
0.12677
0.12666
0.12655
0.12644
0.12633
0.12622
0.12611
0.12600
0.12589
0.12579
0.12568
0.12557
0.12547
0.12536

0.66076
0.66064
0.66052
0.66039
0.66027
0.66014
0.66002
0.65990
0.65977
0.65965
0.65952
0.65940
0.65928
0.65915
0.65903
0.65890
0.65878
0.65866
0.65853
0.65841
0.65829
0.65816
0.65804
0.65791
0.65779
0.65767
0.65754
0.65742
0.65730
0.65717
0.65705
0.65693
0.65680
0.65668
0.65656
0.65643
0.65631
0.65619
0.65606
0.65594
0.65582
0.65569
0.65557
0.65545
0.65533
0.65520
0.65508
0.65496
0.65483
0.65471
0.65459
0.65447

0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002

liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid

0.12526
0.12515
0.12505
0.12494
0.12484
0.12474
0.12463
0.12453
0.12443
0.12433
0.12423
0.12413
0.12403
0.12393
0.12383
0.12373
0.12363
0.12353
0.12343
0.12334
0.12324
0.12314
0.12305
0.12295
0.12285
0.12276
0.12266
0.12257
0.12248
0.12238
0.12229
0.12220
0.12210
0.12201
0.12192
0.12183
0.12174
0.12165
0.12155
0.12146
0.12137
0.12129
0.12120
0.12111
0.12102
0.12093
0.12084
0.12075
0.12067
0.12058
0.12049
0.12041

0.65434
0.65422
0.65410
0.65398
0.65385
0.65373
0.65361
0.65349
0.65336
0.65324
0.65312
0.65300
0.65287
0.65275
0.65263
0.65251
0.65238
0.65226
0.65214
0.65202
0.65190
0.65177
0.65165
0.65153
0.65141
0.65129
0.65116
0.65104
0.65092
0.65080
0.65068
0.65055
0.65043
0.65031
0.65019
0.65007
0.64995
0.64983
0.64970
0.64958
0.64946
0.64934
0.64922
0.64910
0.64898
0.64885
0.64873
0.64861
0.64849
0.64837
0.64825
0.64813

0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002

liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid

0.12032
0.12024
0.12015
0.12007
0.11998
0.11990
0.11981
0.11973
0.11964
0.11956
0.11948
0.11939
0.11931
0.11923
0.11915
0.11907
0.11899
0.11890
0.11882
0.11874
0.11866
0.11858
0.11850
0.11842
0.11834
0.11827
0.11819
0.11811
0.11803
0.11795
0.11787
0.11780
0.11772
0.11764
0.11757
0.11749
0.11741
0.11734
0.11726
0.11719
0.11711
0.11704
0.11696
0.11689
0.11681
0.11674
0.11666
0.11659
0.11652
0.11644
0.11637

0.64801
0.64788
0.64776
0.64764
0.64752
0.64740
0.64728
0.64716
0.64704
0.64692
0.64680
0.64667
0.64655
0.64643
0.64631
0.64619
0.64607
0.64595
0.64583
0.64571
0.64559
0.64547
0.64535
0.64523
0.64511
0.64499
0.64487
0.64475
0.64463
0.64451
0.64439
0.64426
0.64414
0.64402
0.64390
0.64378
0.64366
0.64354
0.64342
0.64330
0.64318
0.64306
0.64294
0.64282
0.64270
0.64258
0.64246
0.64234
0.64223
0.64211
0.64199

0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
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0.0002
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0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002
0.0002

liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
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liquid
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liquid
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liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid
liquid

Viscosity
(cP)

Therm.
Cond.
(W/m*K)

Phase

0.01553
0.01554
0.01554
0.01555
0.01556
0.01557
0.01558
0.01558
0.01559
0.01560
0.01561
0.01561
0.01562
0.01563
0.01564
0.01564
0.01565
0.01566
0.01567
0.01567
0.01568
0.01569
0.01570
0.01570
0.01571
0.01572
0.01573
0.01573
0.01574
0.01575
0.01576
0.01576
0.01577
0.01578
0.01578
0.01579
0.01580
0.01580
0.01581
0.01582
0.01583
0.01583
0.01584
0.01585
0.01585
0.01586

0.03908
0.03913
0.03917
0.03921
0.03925
0.03930
0.03934
0.03938
0.03943
0.03947
0.03951
0.03955
0.03959
0.03964
0.03968
0.03972
0.03976
0.03980
0.03985
0.03989
0.03993
0.03997
0.04001
0.04005
0.04009
0.04013
0.04017
0.04021
0.04025
0.04030
0.04034
0.04038
0.04042
0.04046
0.04050
0.04054
0.04058
0.04062
0.04065
0.04069
0.04073
0.04077
0.04081
0.04085
0.04089
0.04093

vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor

0.01587
0.01587
0.01588
0.01589
0.01589
0.01590
0.01591
0.01591
0.01592
0.01593
0.01593
0.01594
0.01595
0.01595
0.01596
0.01597
0.01597
0.01598
0.01599
0.01599
0.01600
0.01601
0.01601
0.01602
0.01603
0.01603
0.01604
0.01604
0.01605
0.01606
0.01606
0.01607
0.01608
0.01608
0.01609
0.01610
0.01610
0.01611
0.01611
0.01612
0.01613
0.01613
0.01614
0.01614
0.01615
0.01616
0.01616
0.01617
0.01617
0.01618
0.01619
0.01619

0.04097
0.04101
0.04105
0.04108
0.04112
0.04116
0.04120
0.04124
0.04128
0.04132
0.04135
0.04139
0.04143
0.04147
0.04150
0.04154
0.04158
0.04162
0.04166
0.04169
0.04173
0.04177
0.04180
0.04184
0.04188
0.04192
0.04195
0.04199
0.04203
0.04206
0.04210
0.04214
0.04217
0.04221
0.04225
0.04228
0.04232
0.04235
0.04239
0.04243
0.04246
0.04250
0.04253
0.04257
0.04261
0.04264
0.04268
0.04271
0.04275
0.04278
0.04282
0.04285

vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor
vapor

04445 0.04455 0.04385 0.04372 0.01620 0.04331 0.01643 0.01640 0.04369 0.01643 0.01648 0.01631 0.01623 0.04320 0.04432 0.0.04402 0.04292 0.04341 0.01622 0.04462 vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor .01648 0.01639 0.01646 0.04399 0.04351 0.04379 0.04375 0.04419 0.04439 0.04310 0.04449 0.01624 0.04426 0.01625 0.01633 0.04416 0.04348 0.01645 0.04382 0.01627 0.04365 0.01631 0.01637 0.01627 0.01625 0.04307 0.01622 0.01644 0.04345 0.04303 0.01632 0.04362 0.01642 0.01626 0.04358 0.01623 0.01630 0.04389 0.04327 0.01638 0.01629 0.01641 0.01626 0.04435 0.04429 0.04338 0.04334 0.01621 0.01645 0.04412 0.01620 0.01629 0.04458 0.01640 0.01628 0.04442 0.04355 0.01646 0.01644 0.04289 0.04317 0.01636 0.01639 0.04452 0.04296 0.04406 0.01641 0.04422 0.01647 0.04300 0.04392 0.04324 0.01635 0.01634 0.04396 0.04313 0.01630 0.01633 0.01635 0.04409 0.01647 0.01638 0.01634 0.01636 0.

04536 0.01652 0.04513 0.04599 0.04501 0.04494 0.01653 0.01656 0.04605 0.04548 0.01673 0.01653 0.04478 0.01671 0.04523 0.01660 0.04504 0.04592 0.01661 0.04608 0.01650 0.04620 vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor .04617 0.04558 0.04529 0.01667 0.01654 0.04510 0.04497 0.01655 0.01649 0.01674 0.04488 0.04472 0.04602 0.04589 0.01665 0.04561 0.01649 0.01672 0.01658 0.01663 0.01660 0.04614 0.04485 0.01670 0.04481 0.04475 0.01666 0.04586 0.01664 0.01671 0.01666 0.04574 0.04552 0.04580 0.01651 0.04570 0.01661 0.04567 0.04520 0.01663 0.01672 0.0.01662 0.04491 0.01655 0.04564 0.04583 0.04507 0.04539 0.04545 0.01662 0.04595 0.04533 0.01668 0.01670 0.04526 0.01652 0.04577 0.01658 0.01659 0.04468 0.04542 0.01657 0.01668 0.01654 0.04555 0.01657 0.01669 0.01651 0.01667 0.01664 0.01659 0.01669 0.04611 0.04465 0.04517 0.01673 0.01665 0.01656 0.

06 435.90 431.62510 0.985.1209 1.6 4.354 51.76 448.1222 1.76503 0.59 428.62627 0.76512 0.1303 1.999.3 3.00041 -0.00046 -0.01953 6.24 428.63171 0.58 435.1 3.00044 -0.92 431.73 433.01950 0.01945 0.1282 1.16 425.55 423.18 455.01942 0.18 449.01953 0.91 453.76789 0.99 452.030.35 445.035.983.28 423.76780 0.95 426.981.76615 0.598 51.398 51.01935 0.14 453.66 449.75 427.01940 0.001.37 453.60 0.00037 -0.020.00047 -0.57 429.09 436.3 4.62481 0.25 433.1262 1.77 429.62801 0.1300 1.0 3.972.76466 1.1280 1.62392 0.62422 0.453 51.01938 0.1260 1.04 429.1230 1.43 Internal Energy (Btu/lbm) 423.1219 1.967.632 51.63449 0.22 426.76558 0.1288 1.76596 0.71 JouleThomson (F/psia) -0.76799 0.7 3.9 3.975.62656 0.01947 0.564 51.00042 -0.80 426.01944 0.01948 0.62303 0.04 447.1199 1.08 426. (ft/s) 424.00047 -0.52 447.96 455.53 425.76711 0.1255 1.73 432.63283 0.28 447.3 4.00042 -0.43 6.56 446.009.1240 1.63339 0.9 3.80 428.76586 0.5 3.997.76521 0.006.98 434.97 433.83 436.62539 0.01949 0.32 435.76880 0.00042 -0.278 51.1277 1.76860 0.322 51.63505 0.95 432.978.63086 0.42 449.025.00049 -0.01936 0.63114 0.1197 1.01935 0.62 426.01943 0.1270 1.70 427.85 429.76740 0.62685 0.62 424.1214 1.311 51.77 434.76643 0.00050 -0.1290 1.99 6.387 51.28 454.1237 1.06 428.10 445.00048 -0.63227 0.76839 0.996.76605 0.06 451.76819 0.587 51.3 4.62273 0.1257 1.01939 0.487 51.024.994.1204 1.007.29 451.01946 0.011.976.20 432.257 51.76809 0.289 51.1298 1.677 51.50 428.37 429.62569 0.203 51.63477 0.00039 -0.300 51.224 51.74 434.05 454.76760 0.62598 0.26 425.95 432.10 430.81 435.76577 0.420 51.34 436.016.59 450.1235 1.00043 -0.2 3.35 424.76624 0.964.00036 -0.01941 0.553 51.509 51.1250 1.980.1217 1.83 451.76484 0.1224 1.76701 0.531 51.01945 0.666 51.01939 0.00040 -0.57 6.13 450.48 426.76721 0.22 433.73 454.609 51.01944 0.18 431.2 3.62916 0.63366 0.00038 -0.54 427.464 51.57 on 5.1242 1.968.76634 0.991.63058 0.6 4.1227 1.00041 -0.33 428.970.621 51.520 51.0 4.24 448.63394 0.014.027.00048 -0.475 51.71 Enthalpy Entropy Cv Cp Sound (Btu/lbm) (Btu/lbm*R) (Btu/lbm*R) (Btu/lbm*R) Spd.36 450.5 3.15 430.29 7.62858 0.59 445.022.46 432.00043 -0.5 7.62714 0.3 3.43 427.66 430.00045 -0.1285 1.62362 0.344 51.62973 0.62243 0.01937 0.21 432.00036 .6 3.973.60 453.993.Water Phase Data Data Saturation Curve 7.01942 0.76672 0.01946 0.76750 0.40 430.01941 0.643 51.76 451.76691 0.08 424.5 4.62772 0.51 433.00048 -0.542 51.00039 -0.00036 -0.688 51.14 7.35 426.8 4.63199 0.267 51.01953 0.012.00045 -0.1192 1.99 433.62830 0.017.654 51.6 4.6 3.1245 1.1295 1.99 425.988.00047 -0.032.71 Temperatur Pressure Density (psia) (lbm/ft3) e oF 444.00037 -0.76829 0.76730 0.01947 0.63001 0.7 3.11 429.1212 1.00049 -0.42 431.63 430.1 3.01951 0.1272 1.01939 0.01950 0.00037 -0.29 7.68 452.30 429.48 434.76900 0.034.01952 0.69 425.76870 0.00041 -0.1247 1.4 4.498 51.7 3.1 3.01949 0.4 3.95 449.28 427.00 448.01949 0.3 3.62944 0.68 431.89 450.97 428.9 3.3 4.63143 0.76682 0.62333 0.42 425.002.76850 0.76568 0.76653 0.01936 0.0 4.7 4.41 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 51.01944 0.1202 1.08 446.00046 -0.6 4.01943 0.76549 0.00038 -0.00051 -0.76890 0.71 424.01940 0.76530 0.1194 1.192 Volume (ft3/lbm) 0.71 448.22 452.01 427.62743 0.9 4.00050 -0.01941 0.1267 1.431 51.333 51.986.00049 -0.00050 -0.01936 0.76540 0.9 4.00043 -0.63030 0.43 431.76770 0.89 427.82 424.76662 0.01937 0.8 3.3 3.1 3.1 4.213 51.409 51.989.47 448.00038 -0.8 4.1232 1.00044 -0.84 430.83 446.51 454.376 51.01951 0.00040 -0.32 446.89 425.62887 0.76475 0.9 4.1305 4.00044 -0.63422 0.3 4.1275 1.45 452.01946 0.69 431.1293 1.37 430.1207 1.47 432.89 430.00046 -0.246 51.71 432.01938 0.029.7 3.63255 0.23 434.00040 -0.76494 0.03 434.43 7.019.00045 -0.962.16 427.82 454.62451 0.86 445.63311 0.53 451.80 447.63532 0.16 431.01951 0.29 434.55 434.63 429.365 51.01948 0.00039 -0.01952 0.9 4.576 51.235 51.1252 1.004.1265 1.965.47 433.442 51.

76323 0.9 3.76086 0.6 3.4 3.00032 -0.01971 0.1376 1.5 3.1338 1.76385 0.00023 -0.57 461.14 461.00026 -0.0 3.76297 0.924.096 51.032 51.3 3.00034 -0.90 441.64 457.1310 1.61 446.00024 -0.021 51.76030 0.1313 1.1325 1.96 465.12 464.63587 0.64125 0.76288 0.1379 1.85 437.63885 0.46 447.63939 0.128 51.38 446.00019 .990 50.61 442.00023 -0.00029 -0.00030 -0.909.01970 0.885.771 50.22 438.75 464.02 446.00025 -0.1318 1.043 51.73 444.64823 0.181 51.1412 1.76228 0.01962 0.63642 0.689 50.30 445.897.1343 1.01972 0.945.948.08 456.00026 -0.01964 0.86 458.917.1361 1.781 50.934.894.00031 -0.958 50.64256 0.76306 0.1422 1.1381 1.49 436.83 443.00022 -0.05 460.3 3.24 436.64413 0.01968 0.05 445.38 465.31 456.42 466.7 3.01960 0.5 3.1437 3.42 440.00026 -0.76254 0.01971 0.1341 1.6 3.64747 0.64696 0.76457 0.01966 0.76161 0.76054 0.87 442.37 438.00020 -0.709 50.969 50.18 459.76178 0.69 439.64848 0.8 3.00028 -0.953.13 439.719 50.01960 0.01954 0.76022 1.1394 1.854 50.08 447.00031 -0.9 3.1336 1.8 3.1356 1.843 50.53 456.3 3.59 443.31 443.98 457.898.892.956.26 446.74 446.63 439.71 438.78 446.8 3.01974 0.63614 0.1 3.64516 0.86 443.01963 0.76194 0.5 3.20 445.170 51.929.891.7 3.64490 0.76078 0.64873 0.00020 -0.64283 0.7 3.66 448.64439 0.00033 -0.27 463.00035 -0.38 441.76186 0.8 3.01965 0.63559 0.074 51.01955 0.64619 0.64898 0.33 464.932.76394 0.81 445.00029 -0.889.00020 -0.907.01964 0.76038 0.00025 -0.00030 -0.00028 -0.960.96 459.12 442.64072 0.1363 1.918.01956 0.40 459.64361 0.44 439.63965 0.750 50.0 3.64230 0.927 50.76128 0.76358 0.011 51.149 51.63 440.00034 -0.14 446.1389 1.0 3.38 440.1404 1.59 465.1308 1.76341 0.6 3.52 458.01955 0.75 456.97 438.64177 0.979 50.912.7 3.01968 0.64098 0.2 3.01970 0.76412 0.00035 -0.00019 -0.54 464.11 437.923.78 462.888.17 440.906 50.01959 0.64204 0.01962 0.98 447.1328 1.0 3.5 3.13 449.9 -0.64309 0.36 437.88 440.01958 0.87 438.01964 0.886.761 50.63750 0.76046 0.01973 0.01961 0.48 437.62 441.1407 1.17 465.937.117 51.76119 0.07 443.01962 0.1353 1.864 50.84 460.76153 0.70 463.76144 0.18 448.1391 1.66 440.1330 1.38 441.00030 -0.0 3.1399 1.49 435.895.64670 0.00027 -0.957.63696 0.895 50.76263 0.63723 0.76439 0.63 438.00023 -0.76095 0.76367 0.64772 0.88 441.30 458.160 51.1351 1.76136 0.812 50.32 444.658 50.1358 1.885 50.01966 0.23 437.4 3.78 444.1368 1.00024 -0.1429 1.00 462.70 460.01967 0.9 3.01959 0.00033 -0.3 3.00019 -0.00022 -0.1 3.85 447.00021 -0.00027 -0.63 441.01960 0.959.064 51.1315 1.4 3.49 460.1427 1.01972 0.875 50.02 444.84 444.01972 0.914.13 440.21 462.73 436.64593 0.74 458.63 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 51.63912 0.904.648 0.2 3.921.91 446.00025 -0.1320 1.31 447.1401 1.22 447.10 443.63 455.64045 0.1432 1.01963 0.76421 0.949.8 3.00033 -0.2 3.37 0.64568 0.35 442.76103 0.76237 0.01957 0.920.5 3.63858 0.00034 -0.26 444.1409 1.823 50.01956 0.13 441.951.901.903.6 3.01970 0.94 448.01966 0.35 461.740 50.20 439.54 445.35 443.76332 0.1424 1.881.64797 0.00027 -0.12 438.00 466.42 448.954.1366 1.943.1 3.138 51.01954 0.01958 0.76062 0.64645 0.1435 1.1333 1.98 437.80 466.76280 0.900.88 439.08 458.76169 0.76203 0.01969 0.63992 0.00029 -0.1346 1.64387 0.906.01967 0.4 3.00028 -0.00021 -0.1414 1.64 462.6 3.01974 0.1371 1.87 442.49 444.62 437.679 50.00024 -0.93 440.99 436.55 436.89 449.455.01958 0.76245 0.63669 0.1 3.1323 1.42 457.940.54 443.01965 0.27 460.50 446.0 3.36 442.64151 0.72 437.01957 0.106 51.883.926.1419 1.937 50.97 445.76271 0.92 461.5 3.915.63804 0.1 3.21 466.76430 0.699 50.00035 -0.74 435.76315 0.76070 0.927.00032 -0.01956 0.76220 0.1386 1.42 462.948 50.08 444.01961 0.85 463.916 50.935.76376 0.76211 0.01973 0.06 463.44 445.01968 0.053 51.76448 0.01969 0.938.0 3.00031 -0.1396 1.63777 0.910.1374 1.38 439.24 435.86 456.792 50.833 50.00032 -0.64465 0.4 3.11 442.01974 435.931.91 464.49 463.64019 0.00030 -0.76403 0.802 50.2 3.62 459.95 439.76350 0.20 457.1 3.668 50.63831 0.5 3.000 50.46 438.7 3.64542 0.730 50.70 447.57 444.64335 0.085 51.59 442.1384 1.942.00021 -0.946.67 445.00022 -0.76111 0.64721 0.14 441.1348 1.1417 1.

66 467.1465 1.4 3.29 469.1447 1.1511 1.5 3.75685 0.00003 -0.00018 -0.04 467.75635 0.01978 0.65636 0.356 50.638 50.160 50.04 454.9 3.75766 0.09 450.00002 -0.1 3.90 470.56 456.00010 -0.06 455.23 451.75759 0.84 455.88 456.1488 1.1560 1.297 50.71 448.60 449.01982 0.75888 0.65827 0.16 458.1506 1.65588 0.75715 0.396 50.1563 1.4 3.812.24 457.00009 -0.65875 0.6 3.75927 0.1445 1.587 50.66110 0.00007 -0.17 456.81 454.1540 1.65394 0.834.82 459.6 3.5 3.70 471.0 3.01990 0.65222 0.70 457.01994 0.819.01993 0.15 458.307 50.64923 0.336 50.01983 0.88 469.00015 -0.5 3.853.65969 0.01994 0.75880 0.75827 0.4 3.01980 0.9 3.81 459.1460 1.35 453.577 50.00002 -0.406 50.75737 0.1468 1.00012 -0.840.01983 0.84 450.17 454.08 450.01992 0.1527 1.65993 0.9 3.00011 -0.95 456.1499 1.617 50.01979 0.00006 -0.05 475.01990 0.5 3.49 451.28 457.1534 1.65123 0.3 3.557 50.65922 0.6 3.62 456.1532 1.55 450.01987 0.48 473.69 472.376 50.00002 -0.832.0 3.73 455.94 454.835.60 458.24 448.476 50.3 3.179 50.2 3.516 50.68 468.02 457.860.75982 0.42 452.01977 0.8 3.65467 0.64999 0.9 3.837.852.9 3.10 470.03 459.2 3.607 50.00013 -0.76006 0.1522 1.00010 -0.66 474.65345 0.75671 0.65321 0.32 450.73 454.65515 0.869.841.75796 0.865.75693 0.1478 1.877.00007 -0.88 453.75664 0.01986 0.01976 0.01977 0.01984 0.1565 1.76014 0.1545 1.00006 -0.50 457.277 50.65660 0.4 3.86 450.75990 0.1504 1.07 468.01991 0.0 3.4 3.7 3.10 472.75950 0.238 50.01989 0.317 50.366 50.01993 0.1571 3.1524 1.62 454.816.7 3.25 451.00005 -0.00017 -0.82 476.69 469.42 455.66040 0.66087 0.1458 1.00001 .01991 0.29 455.9 3.75911 0.90 472.65732 0.858.567 50.3 3.824.862.65898 0.30 470.00009 -0.65564 0.05 459.86 468.75834 0.46 451.66016 0.37 458.82 453.1537 1.01985 0.84 461.446 50.65173 0.7 3.66063 0.9 3.00012 -0.65098 0.58 453.01 476.0 3.48 448.6 3.28 0.65247 0.10 471.01982 0.416 50.28 473.65491 0.01981 0.65684 0.386 50.61 460.72 453.72 457.65851 0.25 449.9 3.02 451.872.00004 -0.65370 0.1491 1.00011 -0.65271 0.68 473.70 470.49 469.01979 0.87 474.59 476.01978 0.27 468.1455 1.37 458.9 3.75903 0.65148 0.00015 -0.628 50.19 452.30 471.856.822.199 50.850.1553 1.19 455.75722 0.27 454.21 476.287 50.189 50.506 50.436 50.65540 0.825.01989 0.1463 1.65418 0.00014 -0.75628 1.846.04 453.1509 1.39 454.64974 0.85 475.94 460.50 470.01991 0.31 450.63 475.874.01988 0.27 459.24 467.75707 0.00012 -0.466.1529 1.55 450.218 50.828.75744 0.228 50.17 449.00016 -0.11 456.50 453.75849 0.1452 1.79 457.1547 1.75958 0.847.00010 -0.94 449.1473 1.90 471.1519 1.7 3.00017 -0.59 458.1501 1.871.30 472.75819 0.866.00008 -0.09 473.47 468.78 451.1 3.66133 0.00015 -0.5 3.64949 0.17 460.806.00005 -0.809.880.1481 1.50 454.91 452.9 3.00017 -0.75781 0.27 453.01978 0.01986 0.4 3.75974 0.75700 0.00003 -0.24 475.00016 -0.00007 -0.878.40 449.597 50.00014 -0.844.65756 0.01994 0.01980 0.65296 0.65780 0.821.1542 1.1493 1.0 3.07 474.95 452.01984 0.01980 0.66157 0.59 452.257 50.456 50.50 471.829.466 50.65074 0.5 3.78 448.46 474.426 50.00006 -0.65198 0.01982 0.1550 1.8 3.75934 0.65612 0.39 460.346 50.248 50.72 459.75678 0.83 467.75942 0.1486 1.75789 0.1558 1.51 455.78 476.75872 0.65 452.75656 0.98 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 50.838.75729 0.855.65708 0.94 458.486 50.01984 0.1516 1.00011 -0.65804 0.43 475.01981 0.00016 -0.875.75774 0.4 3.2 3.1555 1.843.140 50.00008 -0.01976 0.208 50.327 50.6 3.75919 0.65049 0.01986 0.130 0.811.75752 0.75998 0.4 3.39 456.3 -0.150 50.75865 0.00003 -0.01975 0.01995 447.75804 0.1568 1.00005 -0.1 3.546 50.72 451.75895 0.65024 0.1483 1.84 457.00018 -0.92 458.49 472.526 50.4 3.815.14 452.00004 -0.267 50.01987 0.808.496 50.1 3.1442 1.00009 -0.868.12 453.849.50 459.00013 -0.75811 0.00014 -0.805.863.1450 1.75649 0.09 469.818.78 451.00008 -0.63 449.89 473.96 455.1514 1.27 474.536 50.813.1440 1.01989 0.06 457.00013 -0.75642 0.01988 0.75842 0.69 451.40 476.37 452.1496 1.33 456.1475 1.831.65946 0.827.01987 0.47 457.859.75857 0.169 50.65 455.01985 0.75966 0.1470 1.01993 0.01992 0.01 448.01975 0.01976 0.00018 -0.65443 0.45 467.06 461.00 451.00004 -0.

8 3.75321 0.1612 1.1685 1.03 465.67041 0.757 49.82 461.75509 0.67173 0.1602 1.5 3.66249 0.976 49.17 467.1581 1.66774 0.1646 1.75308 0.75495 0.2 3.000092 0.8 3.75592 0.477.01998 0.66639 0.67195 0.75361 0.740.000152 0.34 483.01995 0.02003 0.000028 0.75394 0.772.744.02014 459.46 468.928 49.966 49.1584 1.02001 0.000008 0.111 50.5 3.66841 0.3 3.02012 0.75400 0.000025 0.75334 0.75315 0.778.40 464.02009 0.23 465.1651 1.6 3.32 481.75502 0.9 3.1617 1.1654 1.747 49.6 3.1664 1.92 467.62 484.02001 0.000085 0.8 3.75606 0.75 467.75302 0.00000 0.66593 0.61 482.29 466.01998 0.66502 0.12 463.0 3.24 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 50.1 3.97 464.851 49.55 467.66203 0.02012 0.4 3.000095 0.788.26 484.01997 0.02013 0.1625 1.7 -0.786.37 470.1669 1.01 471.9 3.66 465.6 3.75440 0.02011 0.67151 0.000125 0.000139 0.736.52 485.50 466.043 50.1696 1.000051 0.1578 1.10 469.1701 3.663 49.8 3.66479 0.66952 0.02003 0.80 465.01999 0.39 467.1576 1.26 479.766.70 463.02010 0.1672 1.06 0.000142 0.755.000119 0.02011 0.76 480.75585 0.66974 0.27 462.2 3.000075 0.1596 1.85 472.8 3.66818 0.02009 0.66273 0.12 460.2 3.01997 0.02001 0.34 467.000136 0.66548 0.710 49.947 49.87 482.02008 0.02012 0.96 468.000045 0.790.2 3.780.20 469.4 3.75488 0.1649 1.653 0.53 466.70 462.66863 0.01 465.82 468.4 3.0 3.75481 0.000048 0.3 3.75434 0.53 483.01996 0.803.82 465.719 49.75380 0.75599 0.02011 0.75474 0.55 460.792.98 461.1638 1.8 3.67063 0.75543 0.795.66434 0.45 465.02006 0.66885 0.41 461.20 461.08 466.000062 0.000115 0.07 479.94 462.121 50.66226 0.091 50.75550 0.741.34 463.02007 0.1643 1.1680 1.67260 0.101 50.66365 0.87 466.02006 0.31 478.842 49.000102 0.880 49.75621 0.776 49.50 461.000011 0.1589 1.57 480.66616 0.899 49.74 477.43 471.84 462.61 469.66729 0.67 468.66411 0.02006 0.39 462.61 462.764.31 466.1698 1.75515 0.861 49.0 3.71 483.000055 0.000068 0.761.8 3.12 478.000082 0.71 466.75328 0.785.1641 1.759.02002 0.69 478.2 3.48 462.0 3.66180 0.937 49.02014 0.75557 0.751.53 469.779.80 471.75420 0.58 468.66997 0.16 470.75427 0.000072 0.01999 0.000015 0.738 49.1630 1.773.66908 0.000122 0.79 469.88 479.823 49.74 469.000021 0.43 482.000018 0.16 462.000099 0.766 49.24 482.16 483.4 3.000149 0.14 464.67107 0.000129 0.98 485.06 486.750.1690 1.053 50.75347 0.02004 0.72 461.66706 0.813 49.00 469.1633 1.2 3.95 470.799.1628 1.000041 0.1604 1.98 483.92 464.89 469.1622 1.89 484.27 463.75367 0.000031 0.67019 0.55 477.776.918 49.795 49.91 463.800.6 3.79 482.02013 0.63 461.05 463.4 3.33 460.77 460.02005 0.66525 0.75614 0.738.02000 0.000038 0.01 480.75289 1.1683 1.66571 0.24 465.13 467.90 460.1615 1.50 481.691 49.75407 0.1 3.58 464.1662 1.000065 0.31 469.4 3.737.02007 0.000146 0.000156 .681 49.82 480.02004 0.01998 0.13 481.1573 1.000112 0.014 50.55 463.956 49.66930 0.4 3.6 3.48 463.88 466.75341 0.83 463.6 3.728 49.672 49.41 469.082 50.67282 0.762.02004 0.16 485.5 3.758.17 468.00001 0.66319 0.870 49.1591 1.995 49.1675 1.785 49.75387 0.768.765.01996 0.000105 0.01999 0.94 481.6 3.1594 1.700 49.36 464.1667 1.75454 0.804 49.06 462.36 477.45 465.802.02010 0.80 484.1693 1.024 50.88 486.1607 1.02002 0.8 3.745.61 464.02003 0.66684 0.1 3.96 467.752.10 466.02008 0.00001 -0.67129 0.004 49.9 3.17 477.2 3.75468 0.000058 0.832 49.782.34 485.02000 0.783.1620 1.67238 0.66796 0.000132 0.1609 1.66751 0.747.796.033 50.68 459.93 478.75522 0.63 479.60 467.75414 0.66342 0.07 484.50 478.1659 1.58 470.66457 0.798.985 49.02008 0.76 463.75529 0.0 3.75578 0.1 3.66296 0.1586 1.1599 1.8 3.734.70 485.75571 0.66388 0.75536 0.000088 0.000005 0.02009 0.22 471.66 465.1677 1.64 471.75447 0.000035 0.03 468.69 481.66661 0.1656 1.38 468.67216 0.47 459.7 3.06 482.771.748.4 3.44 484.67085 0.38 480.75354 0.01996 0.000078 0.890 49.000001 0.743.1635 1.75296 0.757.062 50.75374 0.072 50.789.25 468.754.1688 1.20 480.74 466.45 479.775.75461 0.000109 0.19 464.769.909 49.75564 0.02005 0.793.

8 1.225940 0.55644 0.654.119.9 1.85304 0.654.86 445.9 1.8931 0.55543 0.55868 0.9557 0.55917 0.3 1.654.8630 0.8 1.232870 0.47 448.83 451.4767 1.4848 1.86994 0.4765 1.226890 0.85237 0.54981 0.4860 1.4821 1.5 1.119.54903 0.236310 0.9 1.68 452.653.205.36 450.08 446.05 454.9 1.84965 0.119.18 455.9 1.206.8 1.10370 1.84898 0.9449 0.654.4806 1.4857 1.228830 0.86927 0.9 1.55442 0.205.654.55290 0.08060 1.119.119.205.84082 0.84830 0.4782 1.8 1.59 450.11970 1.9362 0.205.9 1.04640 1.9 1.4786 1.205.54825 0.3 1.9319 0.59 445.32 446.4773 1.85981 0.9 1.8996 0.4769 1.42 449.119.96 455.653.8695 0.230330 0.119.84014 0.9 1.86522 0.8974 0.9 1.205.55366 0.205.228340 0.9 1.119.82 454.4824 1.13 450.205.205.3 1.9 1.119.85778 0.84150 0.10110 1.8 1.229580 0.9 1.5 1.13060 1.0 1.653.86116 0.85711 0.119.8 1.654.653.55694 0.6 1.653.9 1.55391 0.1 1.9 1.228100 0.86252 0.09850 1.55744 0.226650 0.9 1.654.205.0 1.654.0 1.55619 0.230070 0.28 454.06810 1.52 447.0 1.119.1 1.07810 1.8716 0.9168 0.4819 1.8673 0.8 1.4780 1.653.55187 0.9211 0.226170 0.06320 1.205.9405 0.15300 1.8867 0.654.86859 0.653.18 449.2 1.10900 1.205.0 1.9384 0.87062 1.86724 0.84354 0.654.206.229080 0.55059 0.653.9535 0.12510 1.9341 0.228590 0.119.119.9297 0.119.653.91 453.55417 0.119.99 452.119.236040 0.05600 1.9427 0.07310 1.55213 0.8 1.654.9017 0.8 1.13890 1.4835 1.654.232360 0.205.119.4808 1.205.119.9470 0.13330 1.4815 1.9 1.53 451.119.9 1.206.9 1.4846 1.9600 Volume (ft3/lbm) Internal Energy (Btu/lbm) Enthalpy Entropy Cv Cp Sound (Btu/lbm) (Btu/lbm*R) (Btu/lbm*R) (Btu/lbm*R) Spd.04400 1.4 1.9 1.15010 1.205.4793 1.205.119.9 1.226410 0.653.00 448.05840 1.119.86792 0.653.654.9 1.4797 1.12240 1.230580 0.119.08310 1.234970 0.8953 0.84286 0.6 1.654.654.224990 .76 451.235240 0.119.9 1.2 JouleThomson (F/psia) 0.86454 0.1 1.55769 0.84626 0.4 1.206.206.9 1.9039 0.14730 1.8 1.55315 0.9 1.84422 0.653.233650 0.119.8 1.206.55593 0.4799 1.205.85169 0.8 1.9 1.9254 0.654.654.653.227370 0.54929 0.654.2 1.8 1.8 1.205.84490 0.24 448.119.9 1.5 1.80 447.119.119.86319 0.119.9146 0.55843 0.8 1.205.206.8 1.232610 0.55033 0.84558 0.86184 0.9082 0.09590 1.11170 1.119.235510 0.4771 1.654.9 1.119.4761 0.85846 0.205.8 1.71 448.45 452.60 453.205.86589 0.4788 1.9 1.9 1.225460 0.7 1.231840 0.9 1.6 1.119.3 1.04170 1.4851 1.6 1.37 453.7 1.227130 0.4830 1.55467 0.8910 0.5 1.119.41 401 402 403 404 405 406 407 408 409 410 411 412 413 414 415 416 417 418 419 420 421 422 423 424 425 426 427 428 429 430 431 432 433 434 435 436 437 438 439 440 441 442 443 444 445 446 0.8 1.9276 0.6 1.233390 0.84694 0.205.235770 0.654.8 1.04 447.4 1.54877 0.55818 0.54799 0.9125 0.229830 0.9 1.8824 0.9492 0.234180 0.14170 1.654.9 1.0 1.0 1.9 1.205.8 1.205.8738 0.9 1.Vapor Phase Data Data on Saturation Curve Temperatur Pressure Density e (F) (psia) (lbm/ft3) 444.653. (ft/s) 1.0 1.4826 1.229330 0.9 1.654.119.4844 1.119.0 1.06080 1.86387 0.55719 0.8 1.9 1.653.119.8781 0.230830 0.85033 0.10640 1.4 1.205.653.22 452.55518 0.8759 0.9 1.54851 0.89 450.14 453.205.6 1.04880 1.205.4855 1.85372 0.56 446.8 1.9 1.2 1.4817 1.7 1.9 1.119.8 1.7 1.9103 0.09080 1.231590 0.07060 1.15580 1.653.76 448.12780 1.234440 0.231330 0.9578 0.119.233130 0.653.4795 1.55264 0.4841 1.4776 1.9 1.35 445.0 1.233920 0.55239 0.5 1.8 1.9 1.205.9 1.9 1.232100 0.227860 0.54772 0.05120 1.227610 0.205.06 451.11700 1.205.28 447.29 451.15870 1.4832 1.9513 0.85914 0.0 1.4791 1.8652 0.55793 0.9 1.9 1.6 1.85643 0.84218 0.4839 1.119.07560 1.119.55568 0.85508 0.55669 0.4804 1.205.8 1.225230 0.119.14450 1.51 454.119.4778 1.85101 0.653.9 1.205.7 1.10 445.8 1.205.4763 1.84762 0.55162 0.86049 0.4810 1.83 446.55084 0.8 1.205.9 1.234710 0.9 1.85440 0.119.86657 0.55110 0.73 454.8845 0.653.231080 0.4853 1.4801 1.4784 1.06570 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.8 1.654.9 1.05360 1.206.85575 0.09330 1.119.9 1.654.205.55341 0.4828 1.205.9 1.3 1.08820 1.66 449.206.55493 0.55007 0.0 1.654.55893 0.4837 1.8 1.2 1.4 1.654.119.11430 1.8888 0.4812 1.9 1.206.9060 0.9 1.8802 0.9190 0.225700 0.9 1.9 1.55136 0.9233 0.119.95 449.9 1.13610 1.54955 0.9 1.119.08570 1.

8 1.57024 0.9 1.57164 0.88207 0.31 456.4666 1.4738 1.0120 1.89014 0.96529 0.119.9 1.219560 0.651.4750 1.56764 0.9 1.221560 0.93766 0.218480 0.88812 0.222460 0.8 1.88274 0.4701 1.218700 0.9 1.87399 0.119.653.8 1.651.5 1.9 1.652.56788 0.18 459.650.222230 0.9 1.119.119.0599 1.0665 1.9 1.9 1.119.9 1.55942 0.205.87735 0.9 1.21 462.00320 1.89887 0.9 1.119.205.05 460.56016 0.0 1.00100 0.119.650.97554 0.63 455.224290 0.1 1.205.8 1.17 465.218270 0.99453 0.0185 1.9 1.119.218910 0.652.4677 1.9 1.215110 0.0643 1.70 463.1 1.01870 1.9 1.9 1.4705 1.119.99238 0.9 1.215730 0.56977 0.650.84 460.9643 0.205.9 1.652.8 1.3 1.0294 1.6 1.56478 0.9 1.652.9 1.4734 1.9 1.12 464.224060 0.4719 1.119.8 1.205.94931 0.205.0403 1.651.8 1.9 1.0468 1.87196 0.4670 1.9 1.63 447 448 449 450 451 452 453 454 455 456 457 458 459 460 461 462 463 464 465 466 467 468 469 470 471 472 473 474 475 476 477 478 479 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 0.0 1.205.205.9 1.8 1.93958 0.9 1.651.4679 1.4 1.4687 1.64 457.0 1.92 461.119.220220 0.2 1.4709 1.0621 1.9708 0.216990 0.0012 1.9 1.87803 0.99025 0.205.206.88476 0.00540 1.4730 1.4662 1.119.9 1.56883 0.216150 0.96125 0.219130 0.89954 0.56859 0.87870 0.3 1.56741 0.651.56906 0.0 1.9 1.56139 0.4691 1.53 456.9 1.119.88879 0.9 1.223140 0.9 1.5 1.02780 1.0 1.56550 0.205.4736 1.4754 1.4752 1.220660 0.08 458.215320 0.119.89753 0.9 1.652.30 458.4 1.4725 1.9 1.03930 1.9 1.652.87937 0.4664 1.205.64 462.119.119.8 1.56333 0.02100 1.4683 1.214700 0.9 1.87601 0.205.651.56406 0.4656 0.4685 1.4699 1.205.9 1.9 1.0055 1.652.89551 0.98600 0.216360 0.9 1.651.9 1.9 1.56357 0.56669 0.01420 1.7 1.9 1.651.91 464.89820 0.652.4671 1.119.205.4697 1.93383 0.8 1.88745 0.5 1.56835 0.653.651.652.0360 1.9751 0.119.9 1.206.55991 0.205.89618 0.4715 1.214910 0.4707 1.0709 1.9990 1.9 1.14 461.94735 0.3 1.0251 1.98812 0.9 1.0 1.206.56693 0.7 1.0207 1.96733 0.89484 0.56114 0.9 1.119.220000 0.9 1.4757 1.0 1.57071 0.652.4748 1.75 456.9816 0.59 465.35 461.119.57094 0.54 464.217410 0.7 1.4713 1.0338 1.9665 0.56454 0.9 1.651.02550 1.4660 1.2 1.95924 0.9 1.0687 1.205.9838 0.56212 0.222910 0.9 1.88946 0.215940 0.4721 1.651.56065 0.653.222010 0.9925 0.119.06 463.119.0 1.119.9 1.9 1.90089 0.02320 1.119.89148 0.652.1 1.651.214500 0.0 1.56812 0.87668 0.57 461.90357 0.223830 0.9621 0.9 1.20 457.7 1.96327 0.0578 1.9 1.205.652.205.08 456.27 460.9 1.4744 1.8 1.119.86 456.98390 0.220440 0.3 1.651.217620 0.56622 0.9 1.90424 0.653.56163 0.2 1.119.9 1.40 459.00760 1.21 466.218050 0.94151 0.652.9 1.88610 0.0142 1.57141 0.9 1.90492 0.119.651.652.205.0 1.57000 0.4 1.03010 1.56953 0.653.206.8 1.9968 0.221330 0.0164 1.205.49 460.0425 1.42 457.56598 0.7 1.206.56574 0.55967 0.651.01200 1.89686 0.9 1.205.4732 1.99668 0.4695 1.9 1.0 1.93574 0.652.33 464.6 1.9 1.205.74 458.99884 0.9 1.652.97762 0.119.119.0 1.0077 1.4693 1.9686 0.119.01650 1.216570 0.651.205.9 1.9 1.119.0381 1.9 1.652.119.224530 0.205.03470 1.90559 1.9 1.87466 0.9 1.221780 0.89417 0.214290 0.4723 1.205.224760 0.70 460.217200 0.6 1.217840 0.9 1.9 1.56187 0.220890 0.03700 1.97142 0.119.4668 1.95326 0.119.0 1.651.9 1.0556 1.205.119.9 1.9903 0.119.650.219350 0.56930 0.9 1.9 1.4658 1.205.205.206.80 466.119.9 1.4711 1.9 1.1 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.56646 0.651.4703 1.119.9881 0.6 0.213890 0.97348 0.49 463.0447 1.206.88005 0.119.96937 0.56285 0.2 1.0 1.8 1.119.9 1.206.56236 0.4681 1.89081 0.94540 0.42 462.205.56260 0.90223 0.94345 0.119.4675 1.206.98 457.119.205.652.0 1.206.88139 0.119.9 1.9 1.205.215530 0.4673 1.7 1.1 1.9860 0.652.87129 0.205.652.87331 0.216780 0.62 459.9 1.205.52 458.0098 1.4742 1.9730 0.650.8 1.87533 0.205.205.56502 0.87264 0.652.650.0 1.0033 1.88341 0.119.85 463.57117 0.119.96 465.119.4759 1.119.9 1.88543 0.0730 1.9 1.95525 0.221110 0.205.00980 1.214090 0.219780 0.222680 0.651.119.5 1.223370 0.4728 1.0316 1.4 1.205.42 466.9 1.119.89215 0.8 1.223600 0.0 1.90290 0.4689 1.9795 0.4740 1.78 462.96 459.56382 0.9947 0.95128 0.56430 0.00 462.90021 0.38 465.97970 0.88072 0.0272 1.56309 0.90156 0.1 1.9 1.9 1.56717 0.651.57047 0.88677 0.455.0490 1.88408 0.6 1.213680 .03240 1.205.119.89350 0.98179 0.205.0229 1.206.56041 0.86 458.205.95724 0.1 1.205.4746 1.119.00 466.9 1.9 1.56090 0.89282 0.4717 1.93193 1.9773 0.0534 1.0512 1.6 1.9 1.75 464.119.27 463.56526 0.

4577 1.7 1.57942 0.212680 0.57349 0.205.93852 0.92036 0.7 1.208990 0.87811 0.5 1.1 1.49 469.649.1873 0.91029 0.119.4579 1.205.205.88 469.8 1.57372 0.57280 0.91835 0.4616 1.86473 0.8 1.205.57234 0.57510 0.29 469.205.119.6 1.3 1.87137 0.650.4599 1.6 1.1829 1.7 1.57987 0.9 1.89362 0.205.2 1.205.90605 0.92439 0.4605 1.4624 1.648.119.649.7 1.6 1.1168 1.90693 0.7 1.119.57579 0.1542 1.8 1.648.57556 0.8 1.4563 1.8 1.4 1.4 1.88666 0.6 1.84223 1.92171 0.4609 1.1 1.8 1.119.205.93717 0.119.69 472.205.6 1.1037 1.24 467.1498 1.205.0993 1.4614 1.70 470.90 471.57670 0.90247 0.648.119.89013 0.208420 0.7 1.648.58009 0.4 1.87305 0.01 476.205.204570 0.92641 0.90 472.09 469.206380 0.7 1.93003 0.119.10 471.5 1.4590 1.4 1.1322 1.649.0 1.205.91566 0.4 1.119.5 1.91697 0.119.85819 0.4639 1.0905 1.5 1.205.1 1.57919 0.209940 0.206200 0.7 1.205.205.92253 0.649.40 476.0796 1.2 1.84855 0.7 1.204930 0.8 1.205.57418 0.4576 1.86638 0.90894 0.119.8 1.649.205.119.119.648.1 1.88839 0.0 1.7 1.93919 0.1410 1.4610 1.90962 0.119.58054 0.58210 0.57761 0.119.24 475.212280 0.58232 0.647.93784 0.1719 1.649.9 1.3 1.119.85495 0.57187 0.0862 1.6 1.205.93515 0.92104 0.119.86970 0.57784 0.205.119.647.4643 1.92776 0.3 1.208050 0.0840 1.7 1.650.0 1.84381 0.7 1.210910 0.58076 0.4 1.57647 0.93246 0.4644 1.119.78 476.4570 1.6 1.205650 0.4596 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.48 473.119.91432 0.649.91633 0.58188 0.92067 0.43 475.119.648.6 1.85657 0.4627 1.6 1.205.92507 0.5 1.90827 0.4625 1.86 468.205.1630 1.7 1.205.57964 0.58143 0.87980 0.205.6 1.90426 0.92977 0.57533 0.119.119.27 468.119.1807 1.3 1.648.6 1.648.4574 1.57257 0.93313 0.04 467.650.58343 0.90 470.89714 0.205.88494 0.09 473.6 1.1851 1.28 473.1476 1.68 473.204400 0.0927 1.4633 1.50 470.4650 1.649.119.91365 0.119.5 1.1785 1.648.57852 0.9 1.5 1.57693 0.205.57602 0.8 1.4 1.4646 1.4654 1.650.5 1.8 1.4612 1.207300 0.8 1.93650 0.93179 0.9 1.94054 1.466.4588 1.63 475.205290 0.7 1.4567 1.205.6 1.92910 0.27 474.92305 0.4 1.7 1.7 1.210130 0.205.204220 0.6 1.4637 1.4648 1.205.58165 0.4565 1.8 1.7 1.210330 0.1454 1.6 1.4 1.4 1.2 1.649.205.6 1.57441 0.1081 1.119.650.89 473.92708 0.1234 1.4585 1.50 471.649.8 1.7 1.92627 0.8 1.7 1.4559 0.4620 1.213480 0.7 1.211300 0.58321 0.6 1.30 470.4607 1.0971 1.93448 0.30 471.205.7 1.648.119.206930 0.58121 0.85982 0.649.93986 0.119.4592 1.21 476.6 1.7 1.119.89538 0.07 468.7 1.90626 0.0 1.7 1.119.91148 0.1652 1.91969 0.4 1.4601 1.207670 0.90786 0.0774 1.88322 0.212880 0.1015 1.206750 0.59 476.91163 0.211690 0.8 1.211100 0.1190 1.647.92815 0.5 1.70 471.57326 0.4631 1.6 1.650.45 467.649.7 1.205.4581 1.119.57303 0.57829 0.647.213280 0.4587 1.204040 0.119.86145 0.205.91882 0.8 1.205830 0.91230 0.205.91514 0.212480 0.57464 0.0 1.205110 0.119.5 1.7 1.8 1.91499 0.6 1.1763 1.1103 1.93044 0.4 1.206020 0.46 474.647.8 1.205.57897 0.4583 1.85334 0.119.4594 1.7 1.91297 0.8 1.119.650.68 468.119.98 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 1.87 474.207120 0.8 1.4568 1.205.8 1.650.89187 0.89891 0.4629 1.05 475.8 1.58031 0.6 1.5 0.84696 0.7 1.4635 1.6 1.205.85174 0.7 1.8 1.8 1.206560 0.1059 1.69 469.4572 1.30 472.87473 0.6 1.647.119.92843 0.119.49 472.1697 1.58299 0.213080 0.119.119.8 1.57806 0.205.91768 0.204750 0.119.8 1.1674 1.5 1.205.119.1 1.92439 0.66 467.650.207490 0.210710 0.4 1.205.7 1.58099 0.209180 0.1741 1.0818 1.119.6 1.649.92372 0.205.648.88151 0.8 1.8 1.4618 1.7 1.205.205.649.648.1125 1.92574 0.66 474.6 1.210520 0.86804 0.211890 0.0949 1.649.91331 0.86309 0.119.2 1.650.1147 1.07 474.57395 0.119.648.8 1.205.3 1.0884 1.205.93583 0.119.205.57874 0.0752 1.1256 1.1564 1.1278 1.91096 0.119.8 1.2 1.84538 0.648.649.1388 1.87641 0.119.4652 1.82 476.205.211500 0.650.4 1.205.91902 0.10 472.58254 0.119.10 470.57487 0.6 1.57625 0.205.647.6 1.1520 1.648.205470 0.92238 0.119.203860 .212090 0.7 1.208800 0.57738 0.209750 0.649.8 1.57716 0.205.1366 1.4641 1.1432 1.91700 0.85014 0.90967 0.58277 0.1344 1.7 1.93381 0.7 1.90069 0.3 1.47 468.1300 1.208230 0.6 1.5 1.4603 1.205.0 1.83 467.85 475.3 1.648.8 1.57210 0.93112 0.209560 0.5 1.4622 1.207860 0.4598 1.90760 0.205.4561 1.5 1.6 1.119.1212 1.1586 1.1608 1.6 1.650.205.5 1.209370 0.208610 0.

4486 1.204.119.195690 0.58541 0.0 1.645.59403 0.205.119.83911 0.0 1.5 1.4495 1.205.4 1.1 1.1962 1.4510 1.7 1.5 1.2 1.58409 0.644.59040 0.94121 0.119.95132 0.69 481.96484 0.4497 1.1 1.79897 0.204.644.3 1.5 1.58475 0.4493 1.2694 1.644.4542 1.196320 0.8 1.4481 1.4533 1.200080 0.97364 0.2583 1.646.4509 1.94660 0.119.2 1.6 1.4502 1.119.94 481.644.2050 1.2538 1.2 1.59062 0.81048 0.4 1.78638 0.6 1.34 483.4500 1.2 1.96754 0.58954 0.8 1.645.2494 1.196640 0.80469 0.57 480.646.59361 0.89 484.59105 0.74 477.5 1.06 482.59233 0.2117 1.1895 1.645.119.646.77954 0.4538 1.50 478.4514 1.2 1.0 1.4547 1.9 1.77148 0.59382 0.97229 0.96687 0.94188 0.4526 1.58933 0.119.59297 0.647.4488 1.95200 0.81341 0.1 1.204.5 1.119.119.201430 0.202990 0.58781 0.205.2984 0.202460 0.82834 0.24 482.97432 1.59190 0.0 1.8 1.119.12 478.79053 0.119.119.53 483.4476 1.5 1.196480 0.2427 1.61 482.204.119.198260 0.4549 1.119.647.3 1.204.2761 1.58824 0.58694 0.58889 0.2250 1.198590 0.13 481.202290 0.96416 0.96281 0.205.2605 1.1 1.80325 0.2028 1.58563 0.119.644.200580 0.205.4 1.2650 1.3 1.9 1.198750 0.204.5 1.8 1.5 1.119.2962 1.205.8 1.119.1 1.3 1.205.50 481.79193 0.204.4 1.4498 1.1984 1.204.1 1.7 1.79473 0.647.3 1.2227 1.78226 0.16 483.119.2561 1.1 1.58976 0.4515 1.4492 1.58868 0.644.5 1.205.200750 0.78914 0.4 1.2627 1.43 482.205.199080 0.205.96213 0.2006 1.4475 1.4552 1.3 1.4524 1.58911 0.0 1.196170 0.77549 0.3 1.4507 1.59276 0.5 1.59126 0.58453 0.2516 1.5 1.4 1.78776 0.2 1.95402 0.94862 0.2895 1.94256 0.644.2672 1.205.2316 1.4505 1.79755 0.647.119.59424 0.2139 1.202640 0.83139 0.119.5 1.5 1.645.4554 1.645.119.07 484.197930 0.81784 0.204.80902 0.0 1.644.646.1 1.3 1.9 1.20 480.646.71 483.2405 1.204.8 1.83756 0.80 484.4531 1.58585 0.2449 1.81488 0.26 484.79614 0.07 479.203340 0.195850 0.95740 0.646.2161 1.17 477.55 477.119.7 1.119.645.95807 0.2 1.95605 0.95537 0.3 1.1 1.59019 0.205.94930 0.4 1.4 1.205.204.204.96890 0.4543 1.4483 1.36 477.2294 1.2783 1.88 479.2 1.4 1.5 1.647.204.0 1.59339 0.7 1.4556 1.95470 0.644.204.8 1.4 1.205.76 480.197770 0.9 1.82381 0.3 1.1 0.7 1.97297 0.7 1.2828 1.77415 0.646.203160 0.4545 1.119.24 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 1.1 1.83601 0.205.2 1.203510 0.34 485.3 1.6 1.52 485.5 1.205.646.94795 0.119.196960 0.646.4 1.7 1.646.82683 0.7 1.2 1.3 1.98 483.87 482.1 1.200250 0.119.58846 0.119.97161 0.4480 1.01 480.4517 1.2 1.3 1.644.96078 0.4535 1.201950 0.2472 1.199410 0.81932 0.646.3 1.2338 1.644.3 1.0 1.95335 0.58738 0.205.201770 0.1 1.1917 1.4 1.96822 0.94593 0.645.69 478.78500 0.645.4519 1.2 1.119.119.58519 0.119.4512 1.4528 1.4558 1.83293 0.1 1.199910 0.645.2 1.8 1.645.119.646.4540 1.644.202120 0.58497 0.59212 0.8 1.4478 1.95875 0.5 1.2 1.4529 1.0 1.4473 0.5 1.82987 0.202810 0.200410 0.77015 1.2072 1.94323 0.81635 0.84067 0.82081 0.647.4522 1.119.200920 0.119.58629 0.4490 1.77819 0.9 1.119.647.3 1.7 1.2383 1.3 1.205.38 480.197610 0.63 479.119.9 1.2 1.2739 1.205.645.1 1.58650 0.58672 0.78363 0.119.2806 1.2183 1.205.58387 0.96619 0.98 485.58365 0.80039 0.2 1.199740 0.96348 0.1 1.58759 0.96958 0.4536 1.4 1.119.119.0 1.93 478.203690 0.645.205.199580 0.205.205.195530 .83446 0.1 1.78090 0.82231 0.645.32 481.646.58607 0.70 485.7 1.7 1.58803 0.119.5 1.119.2873 1.59169 0.1 1.201090 0.646.119.119.2272 1.9 1.204.96145 0.1 1.198910 0.198420 0.81194 0.197120 0.119.645.477.196010 0.4 1.45 479.59318 0.16 485.9 1.94728 0.204.77684 0.6 1.94525 0.2717 1.646.96010 0.3 1.96551 0.4485 1.2361 1.205.205.196800 0.95672 0.4521 1.119.197450 0.26 479.119.1 1.204.204.2 1.2917 1.59083 0.9 1.3 1.2 1.97093 0.88 486.95942 0.8 1.9 1.119.4 1.58431 0.204.97025 0.3 1.59147 0.4551 1.119.79333 0.201600 0.80757 0.9 1.3 1.06 486.95065 0.201260 0.31 478.94391 0.82 480.2 1.119.2940 1.1 1.79 482.4 1.204.205.62 484.82532 0.94458 0.2 1.1939 1.7 1.199250 0.2850 1.205.645.2094 1.95267 0.2 1.2 1.58716 0.119.44 484.77281 0.94997 0.119.80613 0.2 1.2 1.59254 0.205.0 1.80182 0.197280 0.198090 0.2205 1.58997 0.3 1.9 1.4503 1.205.647.204.

95 1.16 K for saturated liquid.gov/chemistry/fluid/ ) Reference States Internal energy Entropy U= S= 0.855 o F psia lbm/ft3 o F Debye .10 3200.0 at 273.1 20.nist. at 273.3443 211.Auxiliary Data ( All data downloaded from NIST website: http://webbook.0 0. Additional fluid data Critical temperature (Tc) Critical pressure (Pc) Critical density (Dc) Acentric factor Normal boiling point Dipole moment 705.16 K for saturated liquid.102 0.

1135 0.11587 0.11362 0.63781 0.64151 0.64127 0.11537 0.0002 0.11475 0.11469 0.0002 0.0002 0.0002 0. Tension (lb/in) Phase 0.11428 0.63876 0.0002 0.63710 0.63912 0.0002 0.63924 0.64019 0.11503 0.11482 0.0002 0.11356 0.63674 0.0002 0.63734 0.11601 0.0002 0.0002 0.11594 0.11523 0.29 4.11389 0. (W/m*K) Surf.0002 0.63995 0.0002 0.64079 0.11489 0.0002 0.63864 0.64055 0.64031 0.0002 0.63722 0.11615 0.11415 0.0002 0.1151 0.63888 0.0002 0.1133 0.64043 0.0002 0.7.64115 0.63853 0.11375 0.0002 0.0002 0.0002 0.11369 0.0002 0.63948 0.63651 0.63793 0.0002 0.64103 0.11462 0.0002 0.63841 0.64163 0.0002 0.63662 0.0002 0.64139 0.63972 0.11558 0.11623 0.0002 0.11324 0.0002 0.0002 0.63769 0.0002 0.63757 0.64007 0.63984 0.63817 0.11455 0.63698 0.64187 0.0002 0.0002 0.63960 0.11422 0.11551 0.11408 0.11382 0.00 6.0002 0.14 7.63746 0.11343 0.11448 0.0002 liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid .11402 0.63686 0.63936 0.0002 0.11565 0.0002 0.0002 0.0002 0.64175 0.11337 0.11442 0.0002 0.64067 0.57 Viscosity (cP) Therm.11544 0.11572 0.11608 0.64091 0.0002 0.11496 0.63900 0.63805 0.0002 0.0002 0.1153 0.11516 0.0002 0.11435 0.0002 0.1158 0.63829 0.0002 0.11395 0.1163 0.0002 0.0002 0. Cond.

63379 0.63627 0.63237 0.0002 0.11182 0.11206 0.11122 0.63296 0.0002 0.0002 0.63426 0.0.63355 0.63603 0.63485 0.11299 0.63155 0.11059 0.0002 0.63213 0.63402 0.11134 0.0002 0.63508 0.63367 0.63272 0.0002 0.63202 0.11311 0.11076 0.63284 0.11053 0.11158 0.0002 0.63061 0.0002 0.11031 0.11025 0.0002 0.63249 0.0002 0.63225 0.11105 0.63143 0.0002 0.11042 0.63615 0.11111 0.0002 0.63568 0.0002 0.63449 0.63166 0.0002 0.11292 0.11218 0.11014 0.11224 0.63084 0.0002 0.0002 0.0002 0.11194 0.11082 0.11048 0.1117 0.0002 0.63037 0.11212 0.0002 0.0002 0.1128 0.0002 0.0002 0.63556 0.11273 0.63320 0.0002 0.1114 0.63190 0.63072 0.11261 0.11117 0.11236 0.63096 0.0002 0.0002 0.0002 0.0002 0.0002 0.0002 0.63591 0.11099 0.63331 0.63580 0.0002 0.63473 0.11088 0.0002 0.63414 0.0002 0.11036 0.11019 0.1107 0.11286 0.0002 0.0002 0.63544 0.63119 0.11305 0.0002 0.11093 0.63261 0.63178 0.0002 0.11255 0.63461 0.11267 0.11146 0.0002 0.0002 0.0002 0.11164 0.0002 0.11176 0.0002 0.63390 0.0002 0.0002 0.63049 0.112 0.63497 0.11152 0.63343 0.11242 0.63520 0.63108 0.11128 0.0002 0.63438 0.0002 0.0002 0.0002 liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid .11318 0.11065 0.11249 0.63131 0.11188 0.1123 0.63308 0.63639 0.0002 0.63532 0.0002 0.0002 0.0002 0.0002 0.

10889 0.0002 0.10831 0.0002 0.0002 0.10852 0.62476 0.62768 0.0002 0.62803 0.0002 liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid .0002 0.10942 0.0002 0.63002 0.62534 0.62511 0.0002 0.10884 0.0002 0.0002 0.62604 0.0002 0.0002 0.63014 0.0002 0.0002 0.0002 0.11003 0.10821 0.10992 0.10948 0.0002 0.10915 0.10806 0.1074 0.10811 0.0002 0.0002 0.0.10986 0.1091 0.10857 0.0002 0.0002 0.62967 0.10937 0.0002 0.10775 0.0002 0.62850 0.10863 0.10842 0.0002 0.62627 0.62452 0.10975 0.1097 0.10964 0.62639 0.1079 0.0002 0.62943 0.62896 0.10745 0.62674 0.10894 0.62721 0.0002 0.10826 0.10959 0.10795 0.62487 0.10785 0.0002 0.62791 0.11008 0.10921 0.62920 0.62885 0.62581 0.0002 0.62686 0.62861 0.62932 0.62546 0.62779 0.62978 0.10953 0.0002 0.10905 0.0002 0.0002 0.0002 0.1078 0.62592 0.62990 0.62873 0.62616 0.10878 0.0002 0.0002 0.10981 0.0002 0.1076 0.1077 0.0002 0.62522 0.0002 0.62651 0.62733 0.62838 0.10926 0.10868 0.0002 0.0002 0.0002 0.0002 0.0002 0.62441 0.10997 0.0002 0.10836 0.10847 0.0002 0.1075 0.10801 0.10765 0.10873 0.10932 0.62697 0.0002 0.62826 0.0002 0.62756 0.0002 0.62709 0.62908 0.0002 0.62429 0.0002 0.0002 0.62814 0.0002 0.62464 0.62662 0.10755 0.0002 0.0002 0.62499 0.10899 0.62569 0.62955 0.63025 0.62744 0.10816 0.62557 0.

0001 0.0001 0.10735 0.10563 0.10531 0.10619 0.61849 0.0002 0.0001 0.10667 0.62290 0.10686 0.0001 0.10677 0.0001 0.0002 0.0002 0.10559 0.0002 0.10522 0.10624 0.62418 0.10629 0.61907 0.0001 0.62150 0.61965 0.10554 0.62243 0.10504 0.10582 0.0001 0.62255 0.1072 0.62104 0.0001 0.10605 0.0002 0.1055 0.10591 0.10638 0.0001 0.61884 0.10662 0.0001 0.0002 0.0001 0.62406 0.62197 0.62325 0.10652 0.62023 0.10513 0.10568 0.61872 0.62336 0.62383 0.10725 0.0002 0.62371 0.0002 0.62127 0.61861 0.0002 0.0001 0.61988 0.0002 0.10615 0.0002 0.1073 0.10696 0.0002 0.10681 0.0001 0.61896 0.0001 0.62162 0.0001 liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid .62034 0.10691 0.0001 0.10633 0.10711 0.62174 0.1061 0.62278 0.10657 0.0.0002 0.62092 0.62116 0.61930 0.0002 0.10509 0.61953 0.62220 0.0001 0.10527 0.0001 0.10518 0.62081 0.62058 0.10596 0.10573 0.0001 0.0001 0.0002 0.62359 0.61942 0.0001 0.10716 0.10545 0.0001 0.0001 0.10643 0.61919 0.1054 0.62185 0.62301 0.62069 0.0002 0.0001 0.0002 0.0001 0.10672 0.0001 0.0001 0.10706 0.10701 0.62394 0.0001 0.10648 0.62313 0.62011 0.61977 0.62348 0.0001 0.0001 0.62000 0.62139 0.62266 0.106 0.62208 0.0001 0.10577 0.10536 0.62046 0.0001 0.10586 0.62232 0.0001 0.

01682 0.04663 0.0168 0.04693 0.01678 0.01687 0.01693 0.01679 0.04654 0.04696 0.04750 0.01674 0.04690 0.04666 0.01676 0.04648 0.0168 0.04759 vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor .04657 0.01689 0.0169 0.04675 0.04635 0.01682 0.04714 0.04629 0.04684 0.04708 0.04735 0.Viscosity (cP) Therm.01693 0.04753 0.01683 0.01688 0.04717 0.04732 0.01681 0.01683 0.04741 0.01681 0.01693 0.01684 0.01685 0.04711 0.01688 0.04705 0.04738 0.01691 0.04702 0.01687 0.04626 0.01695 0. Cond.01692 0. (W/m*K) Phase 0.04720 0.01677 0.04678 0.01692 0.01687 0.0168 0.04672 0.01676 0.01677 0.04699 0.04623 0.01679 0.04669 0.04660 0.04632 0.04642 0.04729 0.01684 0.01694 0.04747 0.04687 0.01678 0.01675 0.01695 0.01685 0.04681 0.04723 0.01691 0.01689 0.01686 0.01675 0.0169 0.04726 0.04645 0.01686 0.04651 0.04744 0.01694 0.04756 0.04639 0.

04794 0.01713 0.04892 0.04834 0.04779 0.0.04770 0.01703 0.04869 0.01717 0.01716 0.04823 0.04785 0.04837 0.04889 0.01717 0.04840 0.01714 0.01715 0.01715 0.01698 0.04805 0.01717 0.01714 0.04863 0.04767 0.04880 0.04903 0.04811 0.04857 0.04883 0.01701 0.04764 0.01697 0.04831 0.04846 0.01697 0.01707 0.04820 0.01701 0.01709 0.01699 0.04797 0.04894 0.0171 0.01703 0.04791 0.04843 0.01708 0.0171 0.01708 0.01701 0.017 0.04849 0.01705 0.04773 0.04800 0.01708 0.01706 0.01704 0.04826 0.01697 0.04761 0.04829 0.04906 0.04886 0.04802 0.04854 0.04866 0.04817 0.04782 0.01704 0.04874 0.01705 0.01712 0.01699 0.01696 0.04897 0.01709 0.01702 0.01716 0.01702 0.04909 vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor .04808 0.01705 0.01711 0.01713 0.01718 0.01712 0.04814 0.01707 0.01698 0.04852 0.04776 0.04860 0.01706 0.04872 0.04900 0.04877 0.01712 0.04788 0.01696 0.01711 0.017 0.01714 0.

01719 0.05012 0.04917 0.05023 0.01726 0.01736 0.01733 0.01734 0.05004 0.04911 0.01723 0.04959 0.01738 0.04987 0.01735 0.05001 0.01727 0.01722 0.01735 0.05026 0.04965 0.04945 0.05034 0.01729 0.04914 0.04973 0.01737 0.01723 0.05020 0.0172 0.04923 0.01718 0.01725 0.04951 0.05018 0.04976 0.05042 0.01722 0.01719 0.04982 0.05048 0.04948 0.04956 0.05015 0.01726 0.0172 0.01732 0.01725 0.04920 0.04942 0.04954 0.01724 0.04934 0.01731 0.04968 0.01733 0.01739 0.01728 0.05009 0.05007 0.01731 0.01733 0.04979 0.04970 0.05037 0.04998 0.01728 0.05029 0.01731 0.01738 0.01722 0.0173 0.01724 0.01737 0.05040 0.01734 0.01732 0.04928 0.01721 0.01739 0.04962 0.04937 0.01735 0.04940 0.01727 0.04993 0.0.0172 0.04995 0.05045 0.04990 0.01727 0.01729 0.01729 0.01737 0.04926 0.05031 0.01725 0.0173 0.04984 0.04931 0.01736 0.05051 0.05053 vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor .01721 0.

01752 0.05097 0.05168 0.05162 0.01744 0.0175 0.05095 0.05152 0.01751 0.05116 0.05189 vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor .01747 0.01745 0.05119 0.01741 0.0174 0.01743 0.01743 0.05092 0.01749 0.05135 0.05176 0.05089 0.01739 0.01742 0.05133 0.01748 0.05078 0.01746 0.01755 0.01743 0.01757 0.05160 0.0.01754 0.01758 0.05154 0.01747 0.01745 0.05105 0.01751 0.05138 0.01756 0.05173 0.05064 0.01749 0.01753 0.05067 0.01748 0.05073 0.01744 0.05062 0.01742 0.01756 0.05108 0.05122 0.05179 0.05084 0.01758 0.01748 0.05146 0.01746 0.05114 0.0175 0.01741 0.05059 0.05165 0.01757 0.05184 0.05075 0.05056 0.05157 0.01755 0.01756 0.01747 0.05170 0.05086 0.01758 0.0174 0.01753 0.01752 0.01745 0.05141 0.05111 0.05100 0.05103 0.05181 0.01753 0.05127 0.01741 0.05130 0.05081 0.01755 0.05070 0.05187 0.0175 0.01754 0.05143 0.05149 0.01752 0.05124 0.

000261 0.75043 0.330 49.02017 0.000247 0.486 49.75232 0.06 479.542 49.9 3.403 49.96 487.28 476.67347 0.1743 1.1804 1.13 490.321 49.9 3.76 474.75238 0.67325 0.1714 1.1799 1.3 3.02024 0.9 3.02018 0.68235 0.000281 0.239 49.68193 0.376 49.719.00 491.303 49.27 472.607 49.523 49.2 3.27 477.68090 0.1796 1.04 Enthalpy Entropy Cv Cp Sound (Btu/lbm) (Btu/lbm*R) (Btu/lbm*R) (Btu/lbm*R) Spd.47 0.02028 0.08 473.06 478.68111 0.18 475.25 478.75170 0.716.82 477.26 489.26 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 646 49.8 3.68255 0.8 3.75188 0.56 474.720.75276 0.5 3.1783 1.26 478.75078 0.75096 0.449 49.1735 1.75031 0.394 49.07 472.4 3.68069 0.49 474.677.703.75157 0.000295 0.725.695.14 487.02030 0.2 3.86 472.75108 0.65 478.67 480.02017 0.67412 0.257 49.676.3 3.02019 0.700.87 478.67944 0.275 49.635 49.67881 0.75066 0.23 470.440 49.9 3.1751 1.02022 0.708.505 49.31 487.66 490.705.48 476.73 492.85 488.000166 0.02020 0.1762 1.02017 0.731.696.38 475.02029 0.87 480.0 3.67712 0.688.68 476.62 476.02028 0.4 3.000213 0.1717 1.000169 0.000224 0.70 491.31 473.704.1807 1.75090 0.45 478.718.02029 0.733.1801 1.532 49.67477 0.02023 0.699.000230 0.41 476.52 473.6 3.000288 0.02024 0.458 49.25 471.000227 0.02015 0.75133 0.07 481.08 477.35 491.8 3.1732 1.681.68006 0.000275 0.03 470.1727 1.67541 0.28 473.85 479.000217 0.04 492.75194 0.02022 0.69 474.67860 0.385 49.000183 0.02015 0.92 494.701.02 488.000271 0.284 49.59 475.000258 0.75201 0.10 473.02020 0.02026 0.02021 0.02031 Internal Energy (Btu/lbm) 470.58 493.000278 0.6 3.5 3.000305 0.75151 0.727.90 493.31 490.75270 0.722.61 489.7 3.66 471.02031 0.1759 1.0 3.000207 0.7 3.02014 0.67304 0.1748 1.678.1785 1.02023 0.67923 0.67520 0.412 49.52 491.02029 0.000234 0.47 472.46 478.000241 0.67754 0.75251 0.000163 0.693.24 493.1791 1.02030 0.8 3.8 3.47 480.6 3.1817 1.477 49.89 475.09 475.38 492.68027 0.68214 0.644 49.674.673.1770 1.67797 0.682.83 491.75226 0.75072 0.75025 0.18 491.89 474.23 477.02027 0.312 49.1709 1.43 477.3 3.1719 1.80 476.27 480.67627 0.75283 0.366 49.711.94 474.75163 0.293 49.67986 0.1725 1.000220 0.000302 0.000244 0.597 49.67669 0.000251 0.67369 0.46 479.339 49.588 49.75121 0.75084 0.560 49.02023 0.690.1772 1.75037 0.75054 0.68173 0.715.672.02016 0.1 3.67 487.4 3.47 477.000186 0.38 488.1738 1.1823 3.26 479.000210 0.000159 0.4 3.000312 .27 481.02020 0.02025 0.68152 0.75176 0.000176 0.1 3.431 49.78 486.616 49.75219 0.1812 1.27 472.68048 0.02026 0.75213 0.46 471.29 475.02027 0.1793 1.1815 1. (ft/s) 472.5 3.55 488.67648 0.02028 0.44 470.03 477.69 472.67 477.569 49.64 477.692.07 493.9 3.67584 0.468 49.1740 1.14 474.97 475.05 478.75145 0.02019 0.348 49.87 481.000309 0.000292 0.1 3.000200 0.75127 0.67902 0.41 493.1746 1.48 490.1706 1.73 473.67691 0.67390 0.8 3.67563 0.75182 0.02026 0.723.551 49.21 476.685.75019 0.88 473.67733 0.000285 0.000173 0.68 473.08 489.000196 0.8 3.75007 1.000180 0.35 474.729.67965 0.684.1767 1.65 478.86 479.02016 0.3 3.00 476.49 487.3 3.75245 0.09 494.88 477.48 473.697.02022 0.726.75102 0.000298 0.422 49.000254 0.20 488.78 489.67605 0.712.6 3.5 3.686.02019 0.1756 1.67 479.96 490.1778 1.67455 0.1 3.68131 0.1775 1.1 JouleThomson (F/psia) 0.91 489.75264 0.89 476.67818 0.714.000237 0.709.67839 0.000190 0.75257 0.02031 0.67775 0.75 493.75114 0.02025 0.02016 0.1820 1.230 Volume (ft3/lbm) 0.84 471.09 474.49 475.730.248 49.1722 1.89 473.75139 0.73 488.266 49.56 492.514 49.625 49.689.08 476.1788 1.579 49.84 478.67434 0.000264 0.75060 0.1809 1.1704 1.4 3.1711 1.21 492.0 3.495 49.02018 0.680.357 49.1730 1.000193 0.Water Phase Data Data on Saturation Curve Temperatur Pressure Density (psia) (lbm/ft3) e oF 486.43 489.02025 0.000268 0.75049 0.42 486.1 3.02021 0.1754 1.64 470.75207 0.5 3.1780 1.29 474.75013 0.1764 1.2 3.000203 0.67498 0.05 471.707.67 472.60 486.48 472.07 480.0 3.69 475.87 492.

494.43
494.60
494.77
494.94
495.10
495.27
495.44
495.61
495.78
495.94
496.11
496.28
496.45
496.61
496.78
496.95
497.11
497.28
497.44
497.61
497.78
497.94
498.11
498.27
498.44
498.60
498.76
498.93
499.09
499.26
499.42
499.58
499.75
499.91
500.07
500.24
500.40
500.56
500.72
500.88
501.05
501.21
501.37
501.53
501.69
501.85
502.01
502.17
502.33
502.49
502.65
502.81

647
648
649
650
651
652
653
654
655
656
657
658
659
660
661
662
663
664
665
666
667
668
669
670
671
672
673
674
675
676
677
678
679
680
681
682
683
684
685
686
687
688
689
690
691
692
693
694
695
696
697
698

49.221
49.212
49.203
49.194
49.185
49.176
49.167
49.158
49.149
49.140
49.131
49.122
49.113
49.104
49.095
49.086
49.077
49.068
49.059
49.050
49.041
49.032
49.023
49.014
49.005
48.996
48.987
48.978
48.970
48.961
48.952
48.943
48.934
48.925
48.916
48.907
48.899
48.890
48.881
48.872
48.863
48.854
48.845
48.837
48.828
48.819
48.810
48.801
48.793
48.784
48.775
48.766

0.02032
0.02032
0.02032
0.02033
0.02033
0.02034
0.02034
0.02034
0.02035
0.02035
0.02035
0.02036
0.02036
0.02037
0.02037
0.02037
0.02038
0.02038
0.02038
0.02039
0.02039
0.02040
0.02040
0.02040
0.02041
0.02041
0.02041
0.02042
0.02042
0.02043
0.02043
0.02043
0.02044
0.02044
0.02044
0.02045
0.02045
0.02045
0.02046
0.02046
0.02047
0.02047
0.02047
0.02048
0.02048
0.02048
0.02049
0.02049
0.02050
0.02050
0.02050
0.02051

479.24
479.44
479.63
479.83
480.02
480.22
480.41
480.60
480.80
480.99
481.19
481.38
481.57
481.77
481.96
482.15
482.34
482.54
482.73
482.92
483.11
483.30
483.50
483.69
483.88
484.07
484.26
484.45
484.64
484.83
485.02
485.21
485.40
485.59
485.78
485.97
486.16
486.35
486.54
486.72
486.91
487.10
487.29
487.48
487.66
487.85
488.04
488.22
488.41
488.60
488.78
488.97

481.67
481.87
482.07
482.27
482.47
482.67
482.87
483.07
483.27
483.46
483.66
483.86
484.06
484.26
484.45
484.65
484.85
485.04
485.24
485.44
485.63
485.83
486.02
486.22
486.41
486.61
486.80
487.00
487.19
487.39
487.58
487.78
487.97
488.16
488.36
488.55
488.74
488.94
489.13
489.32
489.52
489.71
489.90
490.09
490.28
490.48
490.67
490.86
491.05
491.24
491.43
491.62

0.68276
0.68296
0.68317
0.68337
0.68358
0.68378
0.68399
0.68419
0.68439
0.68460
0.68480
0.68500
0.68520
0.68541
0.68561
0.68581
0.68601
0.68622
0.68642
0.68662
0.68682
0.68702
0.68722
0.68742
0.68762
0.68782
0.68802
0.68822
0.68842
0.68862
0.68881
0.68901
0.68921
0.68941
0.68961
0.68980
0.69000
0.69020
0.69040
0.69059
0.69079
0.69099
0.69118
0.69138
0.69157
0.69177
0.69196
0.69216
0.69235
0.69255
0.69274
0.69294

0.75001
0.74996
0.74990
0.74984
0.74978
0.74972
0.74967
0.74961
0.74955
0.74949
0.74944
0.74938
0.74932
0.74927
0.74921
0.74915
0.74910
0.74904
0.74898
0.74893
0.74887
0.74882
0.74876
0.74870
0.74865
0.74859
0.74854
0.74848
0.74843
0.74837
0.74832
0.74826
0.74821
0.74815
0.74810
0.74804
0.74799
0.74793
0.74788
0.74783
0.74777
0.74772
0.74767
0.74761
0.74756
0.74750
0.74745
0.74740
0.74735
0.74729
0.74724
0.74719

1.1825
1.1828
1.1831
1.1834
1.1836
1.1839
1.1842
1.1844
1.1847
1.1850
1.1852
1.1855
1.1858
1.1860
1.1863
1.1866
1.1868
1.1871
1.1874
1.1877
1.1879
1.1882
1.1885
1.1887
1.1890
1.1893
1.1895
1.1898
1.1901
1.1904
1.1906
1.1909
1.1912
1.1914
1.1917
1.1920
1.1923
1.1925
1.1928
1.1931
1.1933
1.1936
1.1939
1.1942
1.1944
1.1947
1.1950
1.1953
1.1955
1.1958
1.1961
1.1963

3,670.8
3,669.4
3,668.1
3,666.7
3,665.4
3,664.1
3,662.7
3,661.4
3,660.1
3,658.8
3,657.4
3,656.1
3,654.8
3,653.5
3,652.1
3,650.8
3,649.5
3,648.2
3,646.8
3,645.5
3,644.2
3,642.9
3,641.6
3,640.2
3,638.9
3,637.6
3,636.3
3,635.0
3,633.7
3,632.4
3,631.1
3,629.7
3,628.4
3,627.1
3,625.8
3,624.5
3,623.2
3,621.9
3,620.6
3,619.3
3,618.0
3,616.7
3,615.4
3,614.1
3,612.8
3,611.5
3,610.2
3,608.9
3,607.6
3,606.3
3,605.0
3,603.7

0.000316
0.000319
0.000322
0.000326
0.000329
0.000333
0.000336
0.000340
0.000343
0.000346
0.000350
0.000353
0.000357
0.000360
0.000364
0.000367
0.000370
0.000374
0.000377
0.000381
0.000384
0.000388
0.000391
0.000394
0.000398
0.000401
0.000405
0.000408
0.000412
0.000415
0.000419
0.000422
0.000425
0.000429
0.000432
0.000436
0.000439
0.000443
0.000446
0.000450
0.000453
0.000457
0.000460
0.000464
0.000467
0.000470
0.000474
0.000477
0.000481
0.000484
0.000488
0.000491

502.97
503.13
503.29
503.45
503.61
503.77
503.93
504.09
504.24
504.40
504.56
504.72
504.88
505.03
505.19
505.35
505.50
505.66
505.82
505.97
506.13
506.29
506.44
506.60
506.75
506.91
507.06
507.22
507.37
507.53
507.68
507.84
507.99
508.15
508.30
508.45
508.61
508.76
508.91
509.07
509.22
509.37
509.53
509.68
509.83
509.98
510.14
510.29
510.44
510.59
510.74
510.89

699
700
701
702
703
704
705
706
707
708
709
710
711
712
713
714
715
716
717
718
719
720
721
722
723
724
725
726
727
728
729
730
731
732
733
734
735
736
737
738
739
740
741
742
743
744
745
746
747
748
749
750

48.758
48.749
48.740
48.731
48.722
48.714
48.705
48.696
48.688
48.679
48.670
48.661
48.653
48.644
48.635
48.627
48.618
48.609
48.600
48.592
48.583
48.574
48.566
48.557
48.548
48.540
48.531
48.523
48.514
48.505
48.497
48.488
48.479
48.471
48.462
48.454
48.445
48.436
48.428
48.419
48.411
48.402
48.394
48.385
48.376
48.368
48.359
48.351
48.342
48.334
48.325
48.317

0.02051
0.02051
0.02052
0.02052
0.02052
0.02053
0.02053
0.02054
0.02054
0.02054
0.02055
0.02055
0.02055
0.02056
0.02056
0.02057
0.02057
0.02057
0.02058
0.02058
0.02058
0.02059
0.02059
0.02059
0.02060
0.02060
0.02061
0.02061
0.02061
0.02062
0.02062
0.02062
0.02063
0.02063
0.02064
0.02064
0.02064
0.02065
0.02065
0.02065
0.02066
0.02066
0.02066
0.02067
0.02067
0.02068
0.02068
0.02068
0.02069
0.02069
0.02069
0.02070

489.16
489.34
489.53
489.71
489.90
490.09
490.27
490.46
490.64
490.82
491.01
491.19
491.38
491.56
491.75
491.93
492.11
492.30
492.48
492.66
492.84
493.03
493.21
493.39
493.57
493.76
493.94
494.12
494.30
494.48
494.66
494.85
495.03
495.21
495.39
495.57
495.75
495.93
496.11
496.29
496.47
496.65
496.83
497.01
497.18
497.36
497.54
497.72
497.90
498.08
498.26
498.43

491.81
492.00
492.19
492.38
492.57
492.76
492.95
493.14
493.33
493.52
493.71
493.90
494.08
494.27
494.46
494.65
494.84
495.02
495.21
495.40
495.59
495.77
495.96
496.15
496.33
496.52
496.70
496.89
497.08
497.26
497.45
497.63
497.82
498.00
498.19
498.37
498.56
498.74
498.93
499.11
499.29
499.48
499.66
499.85
500.03
500.21
500.40
500.58
500.76
500.94
501.13
501.31

0.69313
0.69332
0.69352
0.69371
0.69390
0.69410
0.69429
0.69448
0.69467
0.69487
0.69506
0.69525
0.69544
0.69563
0.69582
0.69601
0.69620
0.69639
0.69658
0.69677
0.69696
0.69715
0.69734
0.69753
0.69772
0.69791
0.69810
0.69829
0.69848
0.69866
0.69885
0.69904
0.69923
0.69941
0.69960
0.69979
0.69997
0.70016
0.70035
0.70053
0.70072
0.70091
0.70109
0.70128
0.70146
0.70165
0.70183
0.70202
0.70220
0.70238
0.70257
0.70275

0.74713
0.74708
0.74703
0.74698
0.74692
0.74687
0.74682
0.74677
0.74672
0.74666
0.74661
0.74656
0.74651
0.74646
0.74641
0.74636
0.74631
0.74625
0.74620
0.74615
0.74610
0.74605
0.74600
0.74595
0.74590
0.74585
0.74580
0.74575
0.74570
0.74565
0.74560
0.74555
0.74550
0.74545
0.74540
0.74535
0.74531
0.74526
0.74521
0.74516
0.74511
0.74506
0.74501
0.74496
0.74492
0.74487
0.74482
0.74477
0.74472
0.74468
0.74463
0.74458

1.1966
1.1969
1.1972
1.1974
1.1977
1.1980
1.1983
1.1985
1.1988
1.1991
1.1994
1.1996
1.1999
1.2002
1.2005
1.2007
1.2010
1.2013
1.2016
1.2018
1.2021
1.2024
1.2027
1.2029
1.2032
1.2035
1.2038
1.2041
1.2043
1.2046
1.2049
1.2052
1.2054
1.2057
1.2060
1.2063
1.2066
1.2068
1.2071
1.2074
1.2077
1.2080
1.2082
1.2085
1.2088
1.2091
1.2094
1.2096
1.2099
1.2102
1.2105
1.2108

3,602.5
3,601.2
3,599.9
3,598.6
3,597.3
3,596.0
3,594.7
3,593.4
3,592.1
3,590.9
3,589.6
3,588.3
3,587.0
3,585.7
3,584.5
3,583.2
3,581.9
3,580.6
3,579.3
3,578.1
3,576.8
3,575.5
3,574.2
3,573.0
3,571.7
3,570.4
3,569.2
3,567.9
3,566.6
3,565.4
3,564.1
3,562.8
3,561.6
3,560.3
3,559.0
3,557.8
3,556.5
3,555.2
3,554.0
3,552.7
3,551.5
3,550.2
3,548.9
3,547.7
3,546.4
3,545.2
3,543.9
3,542.7
3,541.4
3,540.1
3,538.9
3,537.6

0.000495
0.000498
0.000502
0.000505
0.000509
0.000512
0.000516
0.000519
0.000523
0.000526
0.000530
0.000533
0.000537
0.000540
0.000544
0.000547
0.000551
0.000554
0.000558
0.000561
0.000565
0.000568
0.000572
0.000575
0.000579
0.000582
0.000586
0.000589
0.000593
0.000596
0.000600
0.000603
0.000607
0.000610
0.000614
0.000617
0.000621
0.000624
0.000628
0.000631
0.000635
0.000638
0.000642
0.000645
0.000649
0.000652
0.000656
0.000659
0.000663
0.000667
0.000670
0.000674

511.04
511.20
511.35
511.50
511.65
511.80
511.95
512.10
512.25
512.40
512.55
512.70
512.85
512.99
513.14
513.29
513.44
513.59
513.74
513.89
514.03
514.18
514.33
514.48
514.63
514.77
514.92
515.07
515.21
515.36
515.51
515.65
515.80
515.95
516.09
516.24
516.39
516.53
516.68
516.82
516.97
517.11
517.26
517.40
517.55
517.69
517.84
517.98
518.12
518.27

751
752
753
754
755
756
757
758
759
760
761
762
763
764
765
766
767
768
769
770
771
772
773
774
775
776
777
778
779
780
781
782
783
784
785
786
787
788
789
790
791
792
793
794
795
796
797
798
799
800

48.308
48.300
48.291
48.283
48.274
48.266
48.257
48.249
48.240
48.232
48.223
48.215
48.206
48.198
48.189
48.181
48.172
48.164
48.155
48.147
48.139
48.130
48.122
48.113
48.105
48.096
48.088
48.080
48.071
48.063
48.054
48.046
48.038
48.029
48.021
48.012
48.004
47.996
47.987
47.979
47.971
47.962
47.954
47.946
47.937
47.929
47.921
47.912
47.904
47.896

0.02070
0.02070
0.02071
0.02071
0.02072
0.02072
0.02072
0.02073
0.02073
0.02073
0.02074
0.02074
0.02074
0.02075
0.02075
0.02076
0.02076
0.02076
0.02077
0.02077
0.02077
0.02078
0.02078
0.02078
0.02079
0.02079
0.02080
0.02080
0.02080
0.02081
0.02081
0.02081
0.02082
0.02082
0.02082
0.02083
0.02083
0.02084
0.02084
0.02084
0.02085
0.02085
0.02085
0.02086
0.02086
0.02086
0.02087
0.02087
0.02088
0.02088

498.61
498.79
498.97
499.14
499.32
499.50
499.68
499.85
500.03
500.21
500.38
500.56
500.73
500.91
501.09
501.26
501.44
501.61
501.79
501.96
502.14
502.31
502.49
502.66
502.84
503.01
503.18
503.36
503.53
503.71
503.88
504.05
504.23
504.40
504.57
504.74
504.92
505.09
505.26
505.43
505.61
505.78
505.95
506.12
506.29
506.46
506.64
506.81
506.98
507.15

501.49
501.67
501.85
502.04
502.22
502.40
502.58
502.76
502.94
503.12
503.30
503.48
503.67
503.85
504.03
504.21
504.39
504.56
504.74
504.92
505.10
505.28
505.46
505.64
505.82
506.00
506.18
506.35
506.53
506.71
506.89
507.07
507.24
507.42
507.60
507.78
507.95
508.13
508.31
508.48
508.66
508.84
509.01
509.19
509.36
509.54
509.72
509.89
510.07
510.24

0.70294
0.70312
0.70330
0.70349
0.70367
0.70385
0.70404
0.70422
0.70440
0.70458
0.70476
0.70495
0.70513
0.70531
0.70549
0.70567
0.70585
0.70603
0.70621
0.70639
0.70657
0.70675
0.70693
0.70711
0.70729
0.70747
0.70765
0.70783
0.70801
0.70819
0.70837
0.70854
0.70872
0.70890
0.70908
0.70926
0.70943
0.70961
0.70979
0.70996
0.71014
0.71032
0.71049
0.71067
0.71085
0.71102
0.71120
0.71137
0.71155
0.71173

0.74453
0.74448
0.74444
0.74439
0.74434
0.74430
0.74425
0.74420
0.74415
0.74411
0.74406
0.74401
0.74397
0.74392
0.74388
0.74383
0.74378
0.74374
0.74369
0.74365
0.74360
0.74355
0.74351
0.74346
0.74342
0.74337
0.74333
0.74328
0.74324
0.74319
0.74315
0.74310
0.74306
0.74301
0.74297
0.74292
0.74288
0.74283
0.74279
0.74275
0.74270
0.74266
0.74261
0.74257
0.74253
0.74248
0.74244
0.74240
0.74235
0.74231

1.2110
1.2113
1.2116
1.2119
1.2122
1.2124
1.2127
1.2130
1.2133
1.2136
1.2138
1.2141
1.2144
1.2147
1.2150
1.2153
1.2155
1.2158
1.2161
1.2164
1.2167
1.2170
1.2172
1.2175
1.2178
1.2181
1.2184
1.2187
1.2189
1.2192
1.2195
1.2198
1.2201
1.2204
1.2207
1.2209
1.2212
1.2215
1.2218
1.2221
1.2224
1.2227
1.2230
1.2232
1.2235
1.2238
1.2241
1.2244
1.2247
1.2250

3,536.4
3,535.1
3,533.9
3,532.6
3,531.4
3,530.2
3,528.9
3,527.7
3,526.4
3,525.2
3,523.9
3,522.7
3,521.4
3,520.2
3,519.0
3,517.7
3,516.5
3,515.2
3,514.0
3,512.8
3,511.5
3,510.3
3,509.1
3,507.8
3,506.6
3,505.4
3,504.1
3,502.9
3,501.7
3,500.4
3,499.2
3,498.0
3,496.7
3,495.5
3,494.3
3,493.1
3,491.8
3,490.6
3,489.4
3,488.2
3,486.9
3,485.7
3,484.5
3,483.3
3,482.1
3,480.8
3,479.6
3,478.4
3,477.2
3,476.0

0.000677
0.000681
0.000684
0.000688
0.000691
0.000695
0.000698
0.000702
0.000705
0.000709
0.000713
0.000716
0.000720
0.000723
0.000727
0.000730
0.000734
0.000737
0.000741
0.000745
0.000748
0.000752
0.000755
0.000759
0.000762
0.000766
0.000770
0.000773
0.000777
0.000780
0.000784
0.000788
0.000791
0.000795
0.000798
0.000802
0.000805
0.000809
0.000813
0.000816
0.000820
0.000823
0.000827
0.000831
0.000834
0.000838
0.000841
0.000845
0.000849
0.000852

Steam Phase Data
Data on Saturation Curve
Temperatur Pressure Density
(psia)
(lbm/ft3)
e oF

486.42
486.60
486.78
486.96
487.14
487.31
487.49
487.67
487.85
488.02
488.20
488.38
488.55
488.73
488.91
489.08
489.26
489.43
489.61
489.78
489.96
490.13
490.31
490.48
490.66
490.83
491.00
491.18
491.35
491.52
491.70
491.87
492.04
492.21
492.38
492.56
492.73
492.90
493.07
493.24
493.41
493.58
493.75
493.92
494.09
494.26

601
602
603
604
605
606
607
608
609
610
611
612
613
614
615
616
617
618
619
620
621
622
623
624
625
626
627
628
629
630
631
632
633
634
635
636
637
638
639
640
641
642
643
644
645
646

1.3007
1.3029
1.3051
1.3074
1.3096
1.3119
1.3141
1.3163
1.3186
1.3208
1.3231
1.3253
1.3275
1.3298
1.3320
1.3343
1.3365
1.3388
1.3410
1.3433
1.3455
1.3477
1.3500
1.3522
1.3545
1.3567
1.3590
1.3612
1.3635
1.3657
1.3680
1.3702
1.3725
1.3748
1.3770
1.3793
1.3815
1.3838
1.3860
1.3883
1.3905
1.3928
1.3951
1.3973
1.3996
1.4018

Volume
(ft3/lbm)

Internal
Energy
(Btu/lbm)

Enthalpy
Entropy
Cv
Cp
Sound
(Btu/lbm) (Btu/lbm*R) (Btu/lbm*R) (Btu/lbm*R) Spd. (ft/s)

0.76883
0.76751
0.76620
0.76488
0.76358
0.76227
0.76098
0.75968
0.75839
0.75710
0.75582
0.75454
0.75327
0.75200
0.75073
0.74947
0.74821
0.74696
0.74571
0.74446
0.74322
0.74198
0.74074
0.73951
0.73829
0.73706
0.73584
0.73462
0.73341
0.73220
0.73100
0.72980
0.72860
0.72740
0.72621
0.72503
0.72384
0.72266
0.72149
0.72031
0.71915
0.71798
0.71682
0.71566
0.71450
0.71335

1,119.1
1,119.1
1,119.0
1,119.0
1,119.0
1,119.0
1,119.0
1,119.0
1,119.0
1,119.0
1,119.0
1,118.9
1,118.9
1,118.9
1,118.9
1,118.9
1,118.9
1,118.9
1,118.9
1,118.8
1,118.8
1,118.8
1,118.8
1,118.8
1,118.8
1,118.8
1,118.8
1,118.7
1,118.7
1,118.7
1,118.7
1,118.7
1,118.7
1,118.7
1,118.7
1,118.6
1,118.6
1,118.6
1,118.6
1,118.6
1,118.6
1,118.6
1,118.5
1,118.5
1,118.5
1,118.5

1,204.6
1,204.6
1,204.6
1,204.6
1,204.6
1,204.6
1,204.5
1,204.5
1,204.5
1,204.5
1,204.5
1,204.5
1,204.4
1,204.4
1,204.4
1,204.4
1,204.4
1,204.3
1,204.3
1,204.3
1,204.3
1,204.3
1,204.3
1,204.2
1,204.2
1,204.2
1,204.2
1,204.2
1,204.2
1,204.1
1,204.1
1,204.1
1,204.1
1,204.1
1,204.0
1,204.0
1,204.0
1,204.0
1,204.0
1,204.0
1,203.9
1,203.9
1,203.9
1,203.9
1,203.9
1,203.8

1.4471
1.4470
1.4468
1.4466
1.4465
1.4463
1.4461
1.4460
1.4458
1.4456
1.4455
1.4453
1.4451
1.4450
1.4448
1.4446
1.4445
1.4443
1.4442
1.4440
1.4438
1.4437
1.4435
1.4433
1.4432
1.4430
1.4428
1.4427
1.4425
1.4424
1.4422
1.4420
1.4419
1.4417
1.4416
1.4414
1.4412
1.4411
1.4409
1.4408
1.4406
1.4404
1.4403
1.4401
1.4400
1.4398

0.59445
0.59466
0.59488
0.59509
0.59530
0.59551
0.59572
0.59593
0.59614
0.59635
0.59656
0.59677
0.59698
0.59719
0.59740
0.59761
0.59781
0.59802
0.59823
0.59844
0.59865
0.59886
0.59906
0.59927
0.59948
0.59969
0.59990
0.60010
0.60031
0.60052
0.60072
0.60093
0.60114
0.60134
0.60155
0.60175
0.60196
0.60217
0.60237
0.60258
0.60278
0.60299
0.60319
0.60340
0.60360
0.60380

0.97500
0.97568
0.97636
0.97704
0.97772
0.97840
0.97908
0.97976
0.98044
0.98112
0.98180
0.98248
0.98316
0.98384
0.98452
0.98520
0.98588
0.98656
0.98724
0.98792
0.98860
0.98929
0.98997
0.99065
0.99133
0.99202
0.99270
0.99338
0.99406
0.99475
0.99543
0.99611
0.99680
0.99748
0.99816
0.99885
0.99953
1.00020
1.00090
1.00160
1.00230
1.00300
1.00360
1.00430
1.00500
1.00570

1,644.0
1,644.0
1,643.9
1,643.8
1,643.7
1,643.7
1,643.6
1,643.5
1,643.4
1,643.4
1,643.3
1,643.2
1,643.1
1,643.1
1,643.0
1,642.9
1,642.8
1,642.8
1,642.7
1,642.6
1,642.5
1,642.5
1,642.4
1,642.3
1,642.2
1,642.2
1,642.1
1,642.0
1,641.9
1,641.9
1,641.8
1,641.7
1,641.6
1,641.6
1,641.5
1,641.4
1,641.3
1,641.2
1,641.2
1,641.1
1,641.0
1,640.9
1,640.9
1,640.8
1,640.7
1,640.6

JouleThomson
(F/psia)

0.195380
0.195220
0.195060
0.194910
0.194750
0.194600
0.194440
0.194290
0.194130
0.193980
0.193830
0.193670
0.193520
0.193370
0.193220
0.193060
0.192910
0.192760
0.192610
0.192460
0.192310
0.192160
0.192010
0.191860
0.191710
0.191560
0.191420
0.191270
0.191120
0.190970
0.190830
0.190680
0.190530
0.190390
0.190240
0.190100
0.189950
0.189810
0.189660
0.189520
0.189370
0.189230
0.189090
0.188940
0.188800
0.188660

494.43
494.60
494.77
494.94
495.10
495.27
495.44
495.61
495.78
495.94
496.11
496.28
496.45
496.61
496.78
496.95
497.11
497.28
497.44
497.61
497.78
497.94
498.11
498.27
498.44
498.60
498.76
498.93
499.09
499.26
499.42
499.58
499.75
499.91
500.07
500.24
500.40
500.56
500.72
500.88
501.05
501.21
501.37
501.53
501.69
501.85
502.01
502.17
502.33
502.49
502.65
502.81

647
648
649
650
651
652
653
654
655
656
657
658
659
660
661
662
663
664
665
666
667
668
669
670
671
672
673
674
675
676
677
678
679
680
681
682
683
684
685
686
687
688
689
690
691
692
693
694
695
696
697
698

1.4041
1.4064
1.4086
1.4109
1.4131
1.4154
1.4177
1.4199
1.4222
1.4245
1.4267
1.4290
1.4313
1.4335
1.4358
1.4381
1.4403
1.4426
1.4449
1.4472
1.4494
1.4517
1.4540
1.4562
1.4585
1.4608
1.4631
1.4653
1.4676
1.4699
1.4722
1.4745
1.4767
1.4790
1.4813
1.4836
1.4858
1.4881
1.4904
1.4927
1.4950
1.4973
1.4995
1.5018
1.5041
1.5064
1.5087
1.5110
1.5133
1.5156
1.5178
1.5201

0.71220
0.71106
0.70992
0.70878
0.70764
0.70651
0.70538
0.70426
0.70314
0.70202
0.70090
0.69979
0.69868
0.69758
0.69648
0.69538
0.69428
0.69319
0.69210
0.69101
0.68993
0.68885
0.68777
0.68670
0.68563
0.68456
0.68350
0.68243
0.68138
0.68032
0.67927
0.67822
0.67717
0.67613
0.67509
0.67405
0.67302
0.67198
0.67095
0.66993
0.66891
0.66789
0.66687
0.66585
0.66484
0.66383
0.66283
0.66182
0.66082
0.65982
0.65883
0.65784

1,118.5
1,118.5
1,118.5
1,118.4
1,118.4
1,118.4
1,118.4
1,118.4
1,118.4
1,118.4
1,118.4
1,118.3
1,118.3
1,118.3
1,118.3
1,118.3
1,118.3
1,118.2
1,118.2
1,118.2
1,118.2
1,118.2
1,118.2
1,118.2
1,118.1
1,118.1
1,118.1
1,118.1
1,118.1
1,118.1
1,118.1
1,118.0
1,118.0
1,118.0
1,118.0
1,118.0
1,118.0
1,117.9
1,117.9
1,117.9
1,117.9
1,117.9
1,117.9
1,117.8
1,117.8
1,117.8
1,117.8
1,117.8
1,117.8
1,117.7
1,117.7
1,117.7

1,203.8
1,203.8
1,203.8
1,203.8
1,203.7
1,203.7
1,203.7
1,203.7
1,203.7
1,203.6
1,203.6
1,203.6
1,203.6
1,203.6
1,203.5
1,203.5
1,203.5
1,203.5
1,203.5
1,203.4
1,203.4
1,203.4
1,203.4
1,203.4
1,203.3
1,203.3
1,203.3
1,203.3
1,203.2
1,203.2
1,203.2
1,203.2
1,203.2
1,203.1
1,203.1
1,203.1
1,203.1
1,203.1
1,203.0
1,203.0
1,203.0
1,203.0
1,202.9
1,202.9
1,202.9
1,202.9
1,202.9
1,202.8
1,202.8
1,202.8
1,202.8
1,202.7

1.4396
1.4395
1.4393
1.4392
1.4390
1.4389
1.4387
1.4385
1.4384
1.4382
1.4381
1.4379
1.4378
1.4376
1.4374
1.4373
1.4371
1.4370
1.4368
1.4367
1.4365
1.4364
1.4362
1.4360
1.4359
1.4357
1.4356
1.4354
1.4353
1.4351
1.4350
1.4348
1.4347
1.4345
1.4343
1.4342
1.4340
1.4339
1.4337
1.4336
1.4334
1.4333
1.4331
1.4330
1.4328
1.4327
1.4325
1.4324
1.4322
1.4321
1.4319
1.4318

0.60401
0.60421
0.60442
0.60462
0.60482
0.60503
0.60523
0.60543
0.60564
0.60584
0.60604
0.60625
0.60645
0.60665
0.60685
0.60705
0.60726
0.60746
0.60766
0.60786
0.60806
0.60826
0.60847
0.60867
0.60887
0.60907
0.60927
0.60947
0.60967
0.60987
0.61007
0.61027
0.61047
0.61067
0.61087
0.61107
0.61127
0.61147
0.61166
0.61186
0.61206
0.61226
0.61246
0.61266
0.61285
0.61305
0.61325
0.61345
0.61365
0.61384
0.61404
0.61424

1.00640
1.00710
1.00780
1.00840
1.00910
1.00980
1.01050
1.01120
1.01190
1.01260
1.01330
1.01390
1.01460
1.01530
1.01600
1.01670
1.01740
1.01810
1.01880
1.01950
1.02020
1.02080
1.02150
1.02220
1.02290
1.02360
1.02430
1.02500
1.02570
1.02640
1.02710
1.02780
1.02850
1.02910
1.02980
1.03050
1.03120
1.03190
1.03260
1.03330
1.03400
1.03470
1.03540
1.03610
1.03680
1.03750
1.03820
1.03890
1.03960
1.04030
1.04100
1.04170

1,640.5
1,640.5
1,640.4
1,640.3
1,640.2
1,640.1
1,640.1
1,640.0
1,639.9
1,639.8
1,639.7
1,639.7
1,639.6
1,639.5
1,639.4
1,639.3
1,639.3
1,639.2
1,639.1
1,639.0
1,638.9
1,638.9
1,638.8
1,638.7
1,638.6
1,638.5
1,638.4
1,638.4
1,638.3
1,638.2
1,638.1
1,638.0
1,637.9
1,637.9
1,637.8
1,637.7
1,637.6
1,637.5
1,637.4
1,637.4
1,637.3
1,637.2
1,637.1
1,637.0
1,636.9
1,636.9
1,636.8
1,636.7
1,636.6
1,636.5
1,636.4
1,636.4

0.188520
0.188370
0.188230
0.188090
0.187950
0.187810
0.187670
0.187530
0.187390
0.187250
0.187110
0.186970
0.186830
0.186690
0.186560
0.186420
0.186280
0.186140
0.186010
0.185870
0.185730
0.185600
0.185460
0.185330
0.185190
0.185060
0.184920
0.184790
0.184650
0.184520
0.184380
0.184250
0.184120
0.183980
0.183850
0.183720
0.183590
0.183450
0.183320
0.183190
0.183060
0.182930
0.182800
0.182670
0.182540
0.182410
0.182280
0.182150
0.182020
0.181890
0.181760
0.181640

06480 1.64999 0.636.5 1.06620 1.201.62203 0.5845 1.4306 1.68 509.5730 1.202.176810 0.634.3 1.99 508.180620 0.6 1.117.2 1.117.5546 1.1 1.117.8 1.5 1.62928 0.9 1.07830 1.632.1 1.635.175750 0.5477 1.177050 0.62026 0.5960 1.117.0 1.61894 0.03 505.63112 0.88 505.37 509.7 1.201.0 1.6099 1.62010 0.5523 1.61408 0.201.06340 1.4303 1.4286 1.117.4263 1.7 1.633.632.05640 1.201.116.3 1.61542 0.202.117.04510 1.178380 0.4242 0.82 505.0 1.62222 0.61816 0.117.0 1.4 1.177530 0.65586 0.202.7 1.89 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 727 728 729 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738 739 740 741 742 743 744 745 746 747 748 749 750 1.97 503.61699 0.61483 0.181250 0.8 1.06270 1.4309 1.1 1.635.9 1.116.6215 1.633.07610 1.632.6053 1.4285 1.4292 1.117.04860 1.63388 0.635.2 1.180740 0.8 1.06060 1.06 507.202.180360 0.202.04380 1.117.6192 1.4 1.117.201.117.76 508.202.61855 0.63855 0.633.7 1.61835 0.75 506.4294 1.0 1.202.202.8 1.62068 0.6331 1.4 1.177770 0.0 1.4288 1.93 504.202.177650 0.6 1.2 1.8 1.202.2 1.04720 1.179370 0.5 1.5454 1.202.178020 0.62414 0.6 1.6261 1.62384 0.4313 1.62395 0.4279 1.8 1.35 505.2 1.61463 0.632.63949 0.04650 1.202.633.62318 0.178260 0.201.634.3 1.05990 1.06410 1.635.5 1.633.4269 1.5 1.0 1.180490 0.1 1.60974 1.2 1.5684 1.4246 1.77 503.176930 0.45 503.4267 1.1 1.64327 0.117.202.201.61 508.5707 1.91 509.635.6354 1.8 1.14 510.201.201.117.634.61718 0.4316 1.6 1.5 1.1 1.201.4 1.6122 1.06830 1.5891 1.7 1.176220 0.1 1.4284 1.202.4 1.635.4254 1.201.61991 0.6 1.61932 0.64903 0.6 1.5615 1.4 1.62356 0.502.4243 1.61147 0.61601 0.29 510.5 1.07 509.07470 1.202.201.9 1.5 1.4282 1.0 1.63020 0.98 510.53 509.65291 0.177900 0.44 506.8 1.4 1.5270 1.62376 0.117.61738 0.117.06900 1.62205 0.117.8 0.5408 1.117.178500 0.180110 0.175870 0.2 1.117.07760 1.117.179000 0.634.62280 0.117.6 1.09 504.05780 1.5362 1.7 1.62261 0.45 508.24 504.8 1.178750 0.1 1.1 1.9 1.6169 1.117.6 1.632.65194 0.179990 0.1 1.201.175980 0.6377 1.62107 0.176690 0.63481 0.4 1.62746 0.117.5385 1.4266 1.4289 1.61796 0.4260 1.30 508.4281 1.07680 1.5 1.3 1.4 1.4244 1.9 1.06690 1.61444 0.62164 0.6 1.181510 0.04580 1.40 504.4310 1.53 507.4247 1.5431 1.3 1.4300 1.62655 0.636.201.176460 0.05210 1.117.5 1.202.1 1.4315 1.62241 0.3 1.6 1.61522 0.62049 0.117.62474 0.5937 1.4312 1.9 1.4 1.61581 0.61496 0.636.5500 1.3 1.61679 0.7 1.9 1.179120 0.176100 0.05000 1.178140 0.632.5638 1.56 504.117.29 506.4 1.05920 1.8 1.7 1.633.0 1.116.64614 0.5 1.179490 0.202.1 1.181380 0.176580 0.117.4270 1.66 505.97 506.07050 1.179740 0.633.2 1.06980 1.634.0 1.62145 0.61848 0.6076 1.05140 1.06550 1.117.4276 1.0 1.116.202.61640 0.117.117.7 1.117.635.4301 1.4297 1.62126 0.202.117.5 1.635.177290 0.63667 0.07540 1.1 1.63296 0.0 1.202.64137 0.8 1.117.633.5293 1.9 1.62115 0.2 1.91 507.62565 0.5 1.181000 0.632.61777 0.3 1.04790 1.61060 0.5569 1.3 1.4252 1.6 1.05280 1.632.65389 0.05420 1.0 1.178870 0.175630 0.37 507.6 1.202.61874 0.62337 0.05500 1.65685 0.4291 1.62299 0.65487 0.5753 1.202.4249 1.62029 0.63574 0.117.74 510.201.9 1.3 1.4307 1.202.2 1.07400 1.4273 1.5868 1.6 1.5914 1.5 1.633.178630 0.2 1.62087 0.2 1.633.116.84 507.5224 1.13 503.6 1.61620 0.6284 1.4262 1.116.06130 1.633.13 506.116.63204 0.180240 0.64710 0.59 510.15 508.61584 0.117.4 1.6145 1.4250 1.0 1.635.1 1.8 1.61757 0.181120 0.22 507.61760 0.62294 0.635.4253 1.634.7 1.5 1.9 1.179860 0.04440 1.04240 1.61503 0.60 506.2 1.61937 0.06200 1.117.5339 1.6238 1.635.6030 1.62837 0.631.64806 0.9 1.4278 1.179240 0.116.634.6 1.1 1.6400 0.5 1.636.202.9 1.175400 0.9 1.4295 1.117.6 1.04310 1.634.7 1.4259 1.117.117.22 509.2 1.202.202.64518 0.07260 1.202.631.07120 1.179610 0.65096 0.5 1.6007 1.5316 1.64232 0.5822 1.8 1.61321 0.7 1.7 1.61971 0.180870 0.05570 1.68 507.633.177410 0.4256 1.3 1.05350 1.61562 0.63761 0.201.6 1.4 1.201.61913 0.175280 .117.202.4275 1.5 1.3 1.61672 0.117.5661 1.201.64422 0.5592 1.3 1.634.04930 1.202.116.0 1.7 1.06760 1.202.83 509.5776 1.3 1.634.61 503.07330 1.634.3 1.05850 1.61234 0.4265 1.202.176340 0.632.62184 0.61952 0.62433 1.19 505.05710 1.64043 0.1 1.4304 1.72 504.1 1.117.44 510.6 1.632.29 503.05070 1.202.4257 1.5983 1.4298 1.117.4 1.07190 1.61660 0.201.9 1.7 1.117.5247 1.5799 1.635.177170 0.50 505.202.2 1.175510 0.6308 1.632.5 1.4272 1.

628.629.629.2 1.0 1.1 1.63001 0.59291 0.6 1.628.201.3 1.629.115.9 1.4240 1.201.6 1.116.62452 0.4180 1.116.4227 1.201.08330 1.6540 1.2 1.57456 0.60802 0.174360 0.63301 0.69 517.63226 0.80 511.2 1.5 1.4209 1.92 515.4232 1.62662 0.200.07 515.2 1.116.170780 0.4210 1.2 1.3 1.115.6 1.65 515.201.26 517.200.9 1.98 518.171000 0.201.09 516.09110 1.10260 1.116.62718 0.09260 1.11420 1.59704 0.172100 0.62471 0.1 1.62624 0.9 1.4198 1.4213 1.172540 0.6866 1.58641 0.6680 1.173440 0.4171 0.200.7358 1.5 1.201.9 1.200.1 1.4236 1.4184 1.10550 1.58320 0.57378 0.7053 1.200.8 1.116.201.62907 0.4224 1.115.63152 0.63245 0.65 511.0 1.7311 1.62983 0.4 1.174130 0.631.58560 0.171110 0.116.627.8 1.63264 0.7 1.1 1.170560 0.59455 0.170460 0.172320 0.6843 1.9 1.631.0 1.627.27 751 752 753 754 755 756 757 758 759 760 761 762 763 764 765 766 767 768 769 770 771 772 773 774 775 776 777 778 779 780 781 782 783 784 785 786 787 788 789 790 791 792 793 794 795 796 797 798 799 800 1.11130 1.7123 1.59787 0.171550 0.12 518.63320 0.175160 0.1 0.6 1.115.5 1.53 516.7405 1.4219 1.21 515.8 1.201.631.200.200.57224 0.630.201.99 513.116.4206 1.4226 1.62699 0.116.18 514.631.63208 0.7264 1.07900 1.3 1.173900 0.2 1.170890 0.631.36 515.5 1.5 1.173100 0.89 514.201.09970 1.200.62870 0.628.68 516.630.60888 0.4203 1.170350 0.2 1.63 514.4173 1.4202 1.200.7 1.3 1.628.116.62490 0.116.2 1.62756 0.6633 1.60038 0.116.6563 1.200.170020 0.628.630.3 1.59870 0.2 1.08040 1.6773 1.172210 0.63338 0.62509 0.116.201.97 517.172660 0.116.6424 1.08110 1.7100 1.2 1.4 1.116.8 1.3 1.57533 0.4192 1.116.4 1.07970 1.0 1.7287 1.08400 1.63375 1.4 1.1 1.55 517.4188 1.51 515.630.60716 0.62643 0.5 1.174590 0.4191 1.629.170130 0.4194 1.629.10770 1.11 517.6 1.3 1.0 1.171770 0.62851 0.7076 1.4217 1.7569 0.4 1.173560 0.6 1.5 1.62832 0.173330 0.60545 0.1 1.4 1.58802 0.171330 0.63077 0.33 514.172770 0.116.116.6447 1.57846 0.63357 0.116.0 1.08250 1.4 1.40 512.116.629.62528 0.201.24 516.169700 .4230 1.200.4 1.4215 1.63020 0.511.4 1.115.3 1.6936 1.629.58082 0.4220 1.8 1.170240 0.201.63282 0.9 1.5 1.171880 0.7 1.2 1.6586 1.63189 0.57301 0.628.77 514.44 513.629.14 513.631.201.60460 0.57689 0.57767 0.58161 0.10340 1.200.0 1.3 1.2 1.0 1.200.4195 1.09540 1.48 514.3 1.10 512.4176 1.115.7 1.1 1.628.4234 1.116.80 515.62680 0.4 1.630.2 1.200.4222 1.172880 0.169920 0.0 1.39 516.85 512.116.82 516.6493 1.116.09400 1.10050 1.200.62794 0.200.6 1.9 1.5 1.62585 0.62945 0.58721 0.201.7428 1.4185 1.7522 1.629.62964 0.173670 0.62737 0.7 1.4205 1.08900 1.116.09330 1.10410 1.200.08830 1.628.4237 1.7170 1.200.6 1.6703 1.116.200.170670 0.4189 1.63039 0.173220 0.627.201.4177 1.58883 0.631.116.4233 1.3 1.63170 0.3 1.5 1.59127 0.116.628.6 1.200.6889 1.4182 1.58241 0.1 1.08610 1.8 1.1 1.1 1.58480 0.7030 1.3 1.4216 1.4 1.8 1.10480 1.60631 0.628.174820 0.29 513.09180 1.63114 0.4201 1.04 511.6796 1.631.20 511.4199 1.9 1.7 1.7452 1.84 517.1 1.5 1.200.116.62889 0.174240 0.4212 1.116.629.95 516.09690 1.6470 1.10910 1.57147 0.171220 0.116.6 1.200.627.10700 1.4 1.8 1.56917 1.70 512.1 1.627.59621 0.10190 1.200.171440 0.62605 0.2 1.95 512.10990 1.6726 1.628.200.63095 0.25 512.4181 1.116.175050 0.09610 1.35 511.09040 1.627.8 1.200.4178 1.59 513.169810 0.7 1.63133 0.115.5 1.7 1.200.6819 1.62547 0.201.5 1.2 1.57924 0.116.4208 1.630.6749 1.0 1.7475 1.627.174010 0.08970 1.3 1.59209 0.6 1.2 1.7147 1.11350 1.116.630.627.8 1.7 1.201.59045 0.172430 0.116.4 1.7240 1.09900 1.4 1.116.116.62775 0.173780 0.60375 0.7 1.10620 1.9 1.116.200.4 1.0 1.9 1.74 513.6 1.200.631.630.2 1.09760 1.8 1.172990 0.62566 0.62813 0.200.116.09830 1.56994 0.08750 1.171990 0.6517 1.116.4239 1.7 1.58400 0.174930 0.03 514.6960 1.10120 1.200.60122 0.08680 1.11200 1.4 1.116.4 1.3 1.0 1.55 512.630.4196 1.62926 0.629.0 1.2 1.7194 1.1 1.10840 1.630.8 1.7 1.4187 1.9 1.4229 1.6610 1.58964 0.7546 1.9 1.4174 1.59538 0.57611 0.201.6 1.7499 1.6656 1.08540 1.116.1 1.59954 0.116.3 1.60206 0.3 1.7006 1.59373 0.116.09470 1.08470 1.58003 0.4223 1.40 517.11060 1.8 1.200.4 1.7334 1.08180 1.174700 0.5 1.11280 1.7381 1.57070 0.6 1.115.6913 1.7217 1.174470 0.171660 0.63058 0.60290 0.627.1 1.9 1.7 1.6983 1.9 1.50 511.

0 at 273.1 20. at 273.10 3200.nist.102 0.gov/chemistry/fluid/ ) Reference States Internal energy Entropy U= S= 0.Auxiliary Data ( All data downloaded from NIST website: http://webbook.0 0.3443 211.95 1.855 o F psia lbm/ft3 o F Debye .16 K for saturated liquid.16 K for saturated liquid. Additional fluid data Critical temperature (Tc) Critical pressure (Pc) Critical density (Dc) Acentric factor Normal boiling point Dipole moment 705.

0001 0.0001 0.10365 0.10442 0.0001 0.Viscosity (cP) Therm.10373 0.10447 0.0001 0.0001 0.61769 0.10382 0.61630 0.0001 0.61688 0.0001 0.10311 0.61469 0.61699 0.0001 0.10460 0.61573 0.0001 0.61389 0.0001 0.10469 0.10319 0.0001 0.61480 0.0001 0.0001 0.0001 0.61366 0.61515 0.0001 0.61561 0.61423 0.10352 0.61377 0.0001 0.0001 liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid .0001 0.0001 0.10386 0.10390 0.10340 0.0001 0.10403 0.61400 0.61492 0.10429 0.61792 0.10455 0.61527 0.0001 0.0001 0.0001 0.10412 0. Tension (lb/in) Phase 0.10378 0.10315 0.10495 0.0001 0.10473 0.61815 0.61584 0.61538 0.10491 0.0001 0.10421 0.61803 0.61653 0.0001 0.10344 0.10356 0.10482 0.0001 0.61826 0.10478 0.61642 0.61504 0. (W/m*K) Surf.61550 0.10425 0.10336 0.61343 0.61412 0.10369 0.0001 0.61711 0.61331 0.0001 0.61446 0.10500 0. Cond.0001 0.10464 0.0001 0.10451 0.61435 0.61354 0.0001 0.0001 0.61676 0.10331 0.0001 0.10361 0.0001 0.10416 0.61745 0.0001 0.0001 0.61320 0.10306 0.10348 0.0001 0.10486 0.10399 0.61838 0.61722 0.61780 0.0001 0.61596 0.0001 0.10408 0.10438 0.61734 0.0001 0.0001 0.0001 0.0001 0.61665 0.10434 0.61458 0.10395 0.61607 0.0001 0.10323 0.0001 0.61619 0.61757 0.10327 0.

0001 0.0001 0.0001 0.10155 0.61274 0.60896 0.10109 0.10274 0.61216 0.0001 0.0001 0.10198 0.61297 0.60999 0.0001 0.10139 0.0001 0.10302 0.10237 0.0001 0.0001 0.0001 0.61067 0.10202 0.61125 0.60873 0.0001 0.10105 0.0001 0.0001 0.0001 0.10170 0.0001 liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid .61182 0.10151 0.61033 0.0001 0.61079 0.61136 0.61285 0.0001 0.0001 0.0001 0.60862 0.61010 0.60816 0.0001 0.0001 0.10190 0.0001 0.61159 0.60748 0.0001 0.60919 0.10257 0.10186 0.10135 0.0001 0.61262 0.61056 0.0001 0.0001 0.60839 0.61228 0.61251 0.60850 0.10241 0.0001 0.10217 0.60782 0.10294 0.10225 0.0001 0.10178 0.61193 0.61171 0.0001 0.0001 0.61022 0.10182 0.0001 0.10162 0.0001 0.61308 0.0.60965 0.10166 0.0001 0.0001 0.60987 0.60976 0.10194 0.60930 0.60736 0.10262 0.10128 0.0001 0.0001 0.0001 0.10290 0.61090 0.10143 0.10266 0.10270 0.10132 0.10113 0.10101 0.0001 0.61148 0.10286 0.60805 0.61045 0.60885 0.0001 0.60827 0.0001 0.10210 0.10245 0.0001 0.0001 0.10213 0.10120 0.10147 0.60953 0.61205 0.60770 0.10282 0.60793 0.0001 0.0001 0.10221 0.0001 0.61113 0.0001 0.0001 0.0001 0.0001 0.10253 0.61239 0.0001 0.10229 0.61102 0.60942 0.10124 0.10159 0.10278 0.60907 0.60759 0.10298 0.10249 0.0001 0.10174 0.60725 0.10206 0.0001 0.10116 0.10233 0.

0001 0.10053 0.60213 0.60463 0.60157 0.10094 0.60134 0.10041 0.60600 0.09912 0.60509 0.0001 0.09998 0.0001 0.0001 0.60191 0.60168 0.60418 0.60656 0.0001 0.60543 0.0001 0.09944 0.09990 0.0001 0.0001 0.0001 0.10019 0.10009 0.09951 0.0001 0.09919 0.10090 0.60622 0.09983 0.10038 0.0001 0.0001 0.09962 0.0001 0.60645 0.10023 0.09955 0.10016 0.0001 0.0.0001 0.09930 0.60225 0.0001 0.0001 0.60304 0.60281 0.10079 0.09940 0.0001 0.60236 0.09987 0.10049 0.60247 0.09948 0.60429 0.0001 0.0001 0.60679 0.0001 0.60691 0.0001 0.0001 0.10027 0.0001 0.0001 0.0001 0.0001 liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid .09976 0.0001 0.60634 0.0001 0.60338 0.0001 0.0001 0.60668 0.0001 0.60554 0.10071 0.0001 0.10005 0.60179 0.09969 0.60497 0.0001 0.60270 0.09937 0.60327 0.60202 0.0001 0.10045 0.60384 0.60531 0.10030 0.0001 0.60702 0.60350 0.09980 0.60520 0.09926 0.09923 0.09916 0.0001 0.10097 0.0001 0.0001 0.60293 0.60361 0.60611 0.10056 0.60474 0.10082 0.60406 0.10001 0.10012 0.60395 0.0001 0.0001 0.10086 0.0001 0.09972 0.60452 0.60486 0.09994 0.09965 0.10034 0.0001 0.60259 0.0001 0.0001 0.0001 0.10060 0.60372 0.0001 0.0001 0.0001 0.09958 0.60713 0.0001 0.10067 0.60565 0.60145 0.10064 0.60315 0.60440 0.09933 0.0001 0.0001 0.10075 0.60588 0.60577 0.

09763 0.59807 0.0001 0.59739 0.0001 0.0001 0.60078 0.0001 0.59976 0.60010 0.09881 0.0001 0.0001 0.59829 0.0001 0.09747 0.59919 0.59649 0.59965 0.0001 0.0001 0.0001 0.09909 0.59581 0.0001 0.0001 0.09793 0.59784 0.09840 0.09790 0.0001 0.09905 0.60066 0.09847 0.59626 0.0001 0.09816 0.0001 0.0001 0.09871 0.59931 0.0001 0.59908 0.0001 0.59750 0.09823 0.59897 0.09813 0.0001 0.09760 0.59593 0.0001 0.60089 0.0001 0.09864 0.0001 0.09874 0.0001 liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid .59863 0.59728 0.09820 0.0001 0.59671 0.0001 0.09767 0.59705 0.60032 0.0001 0.0.09895 0.59683 0.59987 0.59761 0.0001 0.09891 0.09800 0.09902 0.60055 0.09773 0.0001 0.0001 0.0001 0.09833 0.60044 0.09850 0.0001 0.0001 0.09810 0.59570 0.0001 0.0001 0.09860 0.59604 0.0001 0.0001 0.0001 0.09786 0.59716 0.59998 0.09806 0.60112 0.0001 0.09780 0.59874 0.09744 0.0001 0.60100 0.0001 0.09827 0.09770 0.59886 0.60123 0.0001 0.59852 0.59818 0.09857 0.09843 0.09750 0.09888 0.59942 0.59795 0.09757 0.0001 0.59953 0.0001 0.59615 0.0001 0.09776 0.59773 0.09837 0.59840 0.09753 0.09783 0.59638 0.09878 0.0001 0.0001 0.09867 0.0001 0.0001 0.09854 0.09898 0.09885 0.0001 0.09830 0.60021 0.59694 0.09796 0.09803 0.0001 0.59660 0.

05229 0.05243 0.01760 0.01766 0.05195 0.05211 0.01760 0.01763 0.01775 0.01765 0.01775 0.01768 0.05246 0.01761 0.01770 0.01762 0.01764 0.01761 0. Cond.01770 0.05203 0.05283 0.Viscosity (cP) Therm.01772 0.05269 0.05293 0.01766 0.05304 0.01772 0.05200 0.05262 0.01771 0.01767 0.01774 0.01763 0.05235 0.05251 0.01771 0.05205 0.05240 0.05219 0.05221 0.01760 0.01770 0.05224 0.01773 0.05248 0.01774 0.01759 0.05312 vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor .01763 0.05237 0.01769 0.05275 0. (W/m*K) Phase 0.05296 0.05272 0.05213 0.01759 0.05288 0.01774 0.01764 0.05259 0.05232 0.01762 0.01768 0.05301 0.01772 0.01765 0.05309 0.05280 0.01765 0.01764 0.01775 0.05299 0.05197 0.01767 0.05267 0.01771 0.01768 0.05256 0.05307 0.05208 0.05285 0.05216 0.01769 0.01761 0.05264 0.01767 0.05192 0.01773 0.05254 0.05277 0.05227 0.05291 0.

01783 0.05402 0.01788 0.05381 0.01786 0.01789 0.05368 0.05389 0.05349 0.01790 0.05354 0.01788 0.01785 0.01784 0.05357 0.01776 0.01776 0.01784 0.01776 0.01794 0.01787 0.05420 0.01778 0.01782 0.05418 0.01791 0.05328 0.05331 0.01782 0.01779 0.05333 0.05317 0.01786 0.05325 0.05433 0.05410 0.05378 0.01793 0.01793 0.01789 0.01781 0.05383 0.05397 0.05449 vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor .05404 0.01788 0.05375 0.0.05323 0.05360 0.05399 0.01792 0.05344 0.01789 0.05423 0.05362 0.05391 0.05436 0.05446 0.01791 0.01786 0.01780 0.01777 0.05425 0.05394 0.01790 0.05373 0.05341 0.05386 0.01794 0.01778 0.01785 0.01792 0.01785 0.05431 0.05415 0.01778 0.05336 0.05315 0.01780 0.05365 0.05346 0.05320 0.01779 0.01781 0.01790 0.05338 0.05439 0.05441 0.01783 0.01792 0.01780 0.01782 0.01784 0.01783 0.05428 0.05370 0.01777 0.05407 0.05412 0.05444 0.01779 0.01787 0.01791 0.05352 0.

01796 0.05454 0.05541 0.01796 0.05467 0.01803 0.01799 0.01802 0.05575 0.05520 0.05478 0.01810 0.05460 0.05504 0.01804 0.01809 0.01801 0.05530 0.05502 0.05580 0.05481 0.01797 0.01807 0.01809 0.01807 0.01795 0.05465 0.01805 0.01799 0.01805 0.05473 0.05507 0.05512 0.05499 0.05483 0.05570 0.05494 0.05551 0.05557 0.01806 0.01797 0.01801 0.01808 0.01808 0.05564 0.01811 0.01795 0.05496 0.01798 0.01800 0.01803 0.05577 0.01802 0.05567 0.01794 0.05549 0.01804 0.05583 0.05528 0.05475 0.01811 0.01801 0.01810 0.05488 0.05517 0.05522 0.05559 0.05585 vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor .01804 0.05536 0.01808 0.05546 0.01810 0.05452 0.05491 0.05562 0.05538 0.05457 0.0.05533 0.05462 0.01798 0.05525 0.01803 0.01812 0.01809 0.01806 0.05486 0.01796 0.01806 0.05554 0.05470 0.05515 0.01795 0.01798 0.05572 0.01800 0.01805 0.05543 0.01797 0.01799 0.01807 0.01811 0.01800 0.05509 0.

01815 0.05658 0.01814 0.01812 0.01821 0.05648 0.05708 0.05593 0.01824 0.01817 0.05614 0.01827 0.05624 0.05664 0.05643 0.05700 0.05666 0.01819 0.01826 0.01827 0.01816 0.01820 0.05640 0.01823 0.05703 0.01814 0.05674 0.01825 0.05632 0.01821 0.05679 0.05611 0.01822 0.05669 0.01825 0.01823 0.01822 0.05692 0.01818 0.01825 0.05588 0.05609 0.05706 0.01820 0.01818 0.01819 0.01814 0.01828 0.05591 0.01815 0.05604 0.05687 0.05685 0.01815 0.05622 0.01826 0.01816 0.01818 0.01827 0.05713 0.01824 0.01817 0.05606 0.05635 0.01823 0.05653 0.05661 0.01816 0.05690 0.01826 0.01812 0.05630 0.01820 0.05698 0.05711 0.05617 0.05672 0.05619 0.05601 0.01824 0.05716 vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor .05677 0.01819 0.01813 0.01828 0.05598 0.05627 0.05638 0.05656 0.01813 0.01828 0.05651 0.05682 0.05695 0.01821 0.05645 0.01813 0.01817 0.0.05596 0.01822 0.

716.221.94 467.17991 0.4449 1.50995 0.19265 0.17337 0.7 1.139.00 49.18324 0.4799 1.0200 0.7782 0.250 1.145.3 1.4743 1.66875 0.7 614.7 614.236.00011 0.4718 1.84639 0.260 1.331 1.8 1.7 614.1 1.763.0 1.94 474.291 1.7 614.9 1.8191 1.3 3.213.127.1 1.52340 0.3 1.224.75366 0.7511 0.207.7 1.52 0.10540 0.01819 0.56 49.8159 0.1 1.10461 0.66505 0.88509 0.27 469.0 1.7730 0.4783 1.7967 0.670.7 614.141.268 1.738.01833 0.4450 1.75331 0.7624 0.240 1.710.279 1.4 1.8000 0.5 1.7 614.3 1.4577 1.312 1.67599 0.122.6 3.118.1616 1.56491 0.01767 0.222.01852 0.01781 0.51414 0.84 49.233.56203 0.7851 0.7 614.00017 0.210. (ft/s) 7.59733 0.43 psia 7.7 1.4501 1.703.1 1.274 1.4481 1.5 1.725.7 614.7934 0.87457 0.17716 0.01795 0.0 1.57 6.3 1.705.3 1.18882 0.86465 0.218.1694 1.0202 0.236.255 1.89 49.136.139.80125 0.10592 0.4 1.0201 0.53411 0.7 1.1601 1.18046 0.730.79800 0.712.29 7.3 1.10645 0.65 471.4 1.1 1.85990 0.123.315 1.01770 0.9 1.55150 0.2 1.678.18938 0.238.2 1.8 1.300 1.15 468.687.695.1 1.4726 1.7 614.714.59671 0.01816 0.225.7 614.9 1.50860 0.99 467.245 1.130.9 3.277 1.75196 1.3 1.01849 0.258 1.75261 0.53221 0.51862 0.8 1.3 0.285 1.137.4 1.718.01843 0.4 3.7514 0.75510 0.4775 1.53808 0.331 1.89060 0.82 465.7 614.7 614.4623 1.92775 0.7 1.01854 0.5 1.4734 1.230.7 614.6 1.137.86954 0.228 1.17553 0.7983 0.11 475.5 1.0202 0.7 614.7 614.7570 0.7867 0.7 1.2 1.18660 0.8175 0.01822 0.7 614.220.7606 0.90E-05 8.125.266 1.1740 3.17607 0.54228 0.8144 0.5 1.714.4586 1.120.2 1.788.08E-05 4.231.125.216.19318 0.85528 0.82 472.324 1.01808 0.271 1.215.19048 0.214.0201 0.676.7 614.121.17445 0.67493 0.52855 0.288 1.2 1.263 1.2 1.217.01814 0.646.205.19211 0.90215 0.4807 0.693.01792 0.6 1.1631 1.17124 0.62 49.7 614.132.1 1.4 1.95740 0.5 1.01873 .75402 0.226 1.87975 0.651.306 1.709.85078 0.4759 1.10487 0.697.7 614.7884 0.7 614.82606 0.66 464.7 614.9 3.67 49.4 1.97409 0.78266 1.294 1.8096 0.689.7588 0.94955 0.71 Temperatur Pressure Density (psia) (lbm/ft3) e oF Volume (ft3/lbm) Internal Energy (Btu/lbm) 6.122.14 P = 7.7 614.142.3 1.78561 0.4692 1.135.227.54674 0.223 1.67370 0.143.01841 0.6 1.4667 1.685.6 1.57423 0.57759 0.80796 0.0 1.1 1.56790 0.227.653.85 489 490 491 492 493 494 495 496 497 498 499 500 501 502 503 504 505 506 507 508 509 510 511 512 513 514 515 516 517 518 519 520 521 522 523 524 525 526 527 528 529 614.78862 0.51560 0.2 1.17662 0.9 1.75438 0.51 463.3 1.4 1.01800 0.665.144.75296 0.0 1.9 1.43 6.239.1 1.01806 0.78 49.01775 0.12 0.7 614.1710 1.54908 0.4791 1.7918 0.75474 0.18380 0.18604 0.92101 0.01784 0.7 614.4751 1.67246 0.01846 0.720.82227 0.17771 0.4568 1.3 1.01811 0.1 3.01764 0.4 1.4658 1.7533 0.204.18269 0.01773 0.4460 1.328 1.00021 0.229.4767 1.31 469.7 614.0200 0.4 1.6 1.7 614.4675 1.7 614.4605 1.53035 0.8128 0.648.81857 0.129.89628 0.699.2 1.00015 0.303 1.18157 0.128.8112 0.5 1.141.4 1.663.10439 488.94200 0.19102 0.0 1.133.7 614.234.7 1.4 1.0200 0.243 1.78 465.230 1.52679 0.18548 0.135.6 1.7817 0.53606 0.4 1.2 1.7 3.3 1.4549 1.10619 0.01860 0.219.66999 0.66752 0.54015 0.4510 1.7 614.7 614.7551 0.10514 0.4 1.253 1.7834 0.134.8 1.55400 0.746.4614 1.90822 0.43 7.223.5 1.4595 1.01778 0.8080 0.145.85 614.17826 0.82 464.7 614.7713 0.17230 0.1 1.233 1.214.140.8064 0.211.7 614.8 1.674.91450 0.6 1.658.232.4 1.19326 0.8 1.66628 0.656.60 471.7642 0.138.209.95 49.01764 0.0 1.51271 0.7678 0.755.58109 0.5 1.00019 0.17391 0.4539 1.67122 0.5 1.2 1.124.321 1.01865 0.52018 0.17177 0.2 1.119.55658 0.1726 1.1678 1.318 1.01835 0.01786 0.235 1.80457 0.226.00013 0.1662 1.7 1.127.0202 462.2 1.5 1.701.8048 0.54448 0.7 614.59254 0.01803 0.7 614.1 1.231.52177 0.4701 1.0 1.780.57 5.3 1.6 1.18213 0.707.01827 0.8016 0.57100 0.4471 1.4558 1.119.52508 0.221.11 468.7 614.01789 0.7660 0.129.723.5 1.01857 0.7 614.297 1.667.7 614.3 3.4530 1.79168 0.0 1.8 1.29 7.10672 0.7748 0.2 1.7 614.248 1.7 614.727.81142 0.7 614.2 1.01825 0.98431 0.8 1.50599 0.7 614.238 1.98E-05 6.83389 0.4631 1.706.10566 0.01870 0.01797 0.5 1.58856 0.7765 0.7 50.18993 0.7 614.2 1.133.0201 0.8 1.7 614.Super Heated Steam Data Isobaric Data for 614.221 0.131.8 1.81496 0.7 614.79481 0.721.14 JouleThomson (F/psia) Viscosity (cP) 480 481 482 483 484 485 486 487 488 488.228.51709 0.7 614.18436 0.18827 0.4684 1.4640 1.75226 0.0 1.235.9 1.7 614.7951 0.98299 0.44 470.204.7901 0.7 614.643.131.691.71 7.206.6 1.8032 0.9 1.672.17499 0.1 3.01838 0.19157 0.683.5 1.9 1.51132 0.01868 0.8 1.18715 0.9 1.7 1.7 614.55926 0.4649 1.681.4709 1.8 1.0 1.144.17881 0.212.83796 0.5 1.1647 1.5 1.18492 0.126.93474 0.4491 1.17284 0.9 1.643.7 614.309 1.18771 0.01830 0.0 1.58474 0.50729 0.77 472.771.0201 0.96557 0.84212 0.237.01862 0.17936 0.1 1.18102 0.73 49.282 1.3 1.48 470.82993 0.142.71 Enthalpy Entropy Cv Cp Sound (Btu/lbm) (Btu/lbm*R) (Btu/lbm*R) (Btu/lbm*R) Spd.83E-05 0.6 3.208.3 1.7695 0.4 1.721.660.4520 1.9 1.7800 0.7 1.7 614.

4 1.50349 0.15013 0.732.7 614.210 1.816.0 1.255.8523 0.7 614.190 1.262.7 1.7 614.69035 0.5051 1.112 1.166.9 1.7 614.1 1.162.139 1.8810 0.70826 0.167.5065 1.8 1.8 1.45724 0.173 1.5198 1.772.116 1.815.46442 0.4915 1.796.178.4944 1.751.8449 0.776.0 1.14354 0.17071 0.155.761.5211 1.241.7 614.15334 0.01973 0.2 1.9031 1.16552 0.3 1.277.194 1.8206 0.5044 1.4877 1.14440 0.121 1.146.68589 0.16052 0.8553 0.274.71362 0.68301 0.48171 0.75346 0.744.46070 0.3 1.70312 0.17018 0.6 1.9 1.219 1.278.3 1.01991 0.169.792.7 1.15905 0.01902 0.7 614.5133 1.7 1.119 1.70653 0.4 1.8 1.808.4966 1.171.239.249.16150 0.3 1.15522 0.7 614.46378 0.8739 0.15150 0.1 1.2 1.262.7 614.781.01976 0.01936 0.71181 0.174.7 614.70481 0.5159 1.165.8990 0.7 614.775.5 1.46130 0.46774 0.155.4 1.46506 0.5126 1.9 1.0 1.160.0 1.151.203 1.01947 0.800.164.8329 0.7 614.7 614.8253 0.16451 0.01889 0.275.7 614.7 614.4 1.255.5030 1.16300 0.69342 0.01978 0.752.01931 0.14745 0.7 614.6 1.7 614.15242 0.736.14879 0.01905 0.264.7 614.176.4 1.109 1.7 614.14483 0.757.4937 1.77413 0.7 614.9 1.0 1.167 1.170.7 614.02002 0.01884 0.74185 0.118 1.6 1.7 614.8 1.5092 1.01881 0.0 1.813.7 614.01983 0.7 614.0 1.72306 0.76344 0.158.16400 0.252.7 1.773.7 614.754.6 1.73963 0.5079 1.7 614.46314 0.3 1.4839 1.5166 1.8375 0.8866 0.8 1.75837 0.270.739.5 1.9 1.8 1.274.15196 0.01965 0.169.276.01926 0.01934 0.15059 0.6 1.01923 0.173.1 1.1 1.8962 0.6 1.1 1.257.162.2 1.252.163 1.1 1.107 0.47508 0.278.245.806.1 1.151.02025 .5 1.7 614.271.174.5072 1.5002 1.171.4 1.67345 0.16101 0.49430 0.5112 1.152 1.2 1.6 1.729.16603 0.5 1.137 1.4815 1.159.123 1.73745 0.147.50473 0.0 1.71003 0.4846 1.01996 0.786.7 614.47667 0.8582 0.730.175.68019 0.7 1.9 1.14701 0.196 1.205 1.46572 0.7 614.01944 0.02007 0.4 1.01915 0.158.4900 1.148 1.01897 0.177 1.02017 0.48532 0.4951 1.01886 0.15428 0.1 1.5 1.5 1.01878 0.253.5 1.9 1.8654 0.179 1.157.159.8 1.9 1.4 1.7 614.8390 0.47913 0.161 1.01950 0.67610 0.759.49015 0.16002 0.0 1.8976 0.46638 0.47430 0.8435 0.9 1.7 614.8 1.242.8314 0.5023 1.8935 0.254.9017 0.261.47998 0.265.250.8 1.156 1.0 1.161.790.8907 0.186 1.69499 0.184 1.188 1.16350 0.5179 1.47587 0.749.7 1.802.803.16706 0.769.47830 0.4959 1.6 1.249.15104 0.762.148.164.16914 0.240.69188 0.8768 0.5058 1.14397 0.5 1.14657 0.4929 1.246.72112 0.779.8 1.778.272.2 1.8838 0.49989 0.133 1.9 1.75589 0.2 1.8711 0.207 1.7 614.2 1.15664 0.02020 0.0 1.73530 0.73319 0.8725 0.4 1.7 1.789.216 1.8464 0.14834 0.7 614.48259 0.01963 0.153.02004 0.8697 0.01910 0.77139 0.9 1.46984 0.4892 1.8268 0.784.7 614.16655 0.3 1.3 1.150.198 1.68884 0.8 1.67477 0.7 1.50226 0.0 1.7 614.14570 0.9 1.7 614.8 1.124 1.8668 0.4862 1.8222 0.5205 1.5 1.248.8538 0.171 1.8796 0.177.4 1.201 1.7 614.1 1.48626 0.169 1.4 1.15760 0.5099 1.782.157.71546 0.50107 0.49538 0.7 614.3 1.14923 0.46843 0.212 1.114 1.747.14613 0.01986 0.16501 0.8509 0.01894 0.48818 0.4885 1.02009 0.0 1.5106 1.48721 0.6 1.47353 0.5009 1.1 1.2 1.76089 0.01952 0.7 614.135 1.49648 0.01900 0.149.150.244.6 1.146 1.7 614.5172 1.126 1.4823 1.141 1.214 1.45952 0.173.67087 1.8880 0.9 1.5139 1.16758 0.3 1.47056 0.756.48440 0.168.746.01918 0.5146 1.166.02015 0.8344 0.8921 0.7 614.7 614.48349 0.67215 0.68736 0.5 1.49760 0.7 614.163.74870 0.01913 0.0 0.01960 0.154.7 1.77692 0.69980 0.02022 0.01994 0.01999 0.6 1.4973 1.257.280.259.5 1.01989 0.163.128 1.5217 0.3 1.14968 0.8420 0.49324 0.8639 0.15808 0.67881 0.01981 0.4831 1.132 1.16200 0.2 1.16250 0.8893 0.7 614.5 1.158 1.5 1.01907 0.172.8949 0.49219 0.8 1.159 1.7 1.47748 0.130 1.2 1.47129 0.268.0 1.01876 0.15288 0.9 1.192 1.153.5152 1.3 1.7 614.4995 1.4 1.7 614.8596 0.1 1.5 1.818.46252 0.172.181 1.154.01955 0.0 1.5 1.2 1.01970 0.72702 0.01968 0.49873 0.4869 1.15381 0.0 1.7 614.9 1.01957 0.154 1.1 1.02012 0.5 1.72905 0.70145 0.77977 0.269.8 1.5 1.266.6 1.243.8 1.71920 0.7 614.8360 0.9 1.4907 1.7 614.7 614.263.177.170.68159 0.797.251.276.15475 0.67745 0.01939 0.5192 1.152.175 1.4 1.8567 0.74638 0.2 1.16861 0.2 1.3 1.165 1.8 1.45780 0.49117 0.795.144 1.265.7 614.76605 0.260.8 1.71732 0.3 1.5016 1.16966 0.7 614.142 1.8 1.7 1.46190 0.279.809.246.8754 0.269.5 1.3 1.8782 0.15856 0.764.46706 0.8405 0.6 1.2 1.812.805.48084 0.76870 0.6 1.767.8625 0.8237 0.810.0 1.6 1.15569 0.5119 1.787.0 1.4 1.247.01929 0.741.260.0 1.7 614.7 614.737.69657 0.5185 1.5037 1.45894 0.111 1.4922 1.2 1.9 1.147.8611 0.5 1.793.8824 0.15616 0.6 1.258.168.156.16809 0.799.01892 0.267.160.45837 0.4 1.7 614.2 1.6 1.0 1.742.7 1.280.14526 0.165.8479 0.8682 0.0 1.150 1.1 1.530 531 532 533 534 535 536 537 538 539 540 541 542 543 544 545 546 547 548 549 550 551 552 553 554 555 556 557 558 559 560 561 562 563 564 565 566 567 568 569 570 571 572 573 574 575 576 577 578 579 580 581 582 583 584 585 586 587 614.7 614.48916 0.01921 0.9 1.4 1.770.8 1.5085 1.8299 0.4980 1.14789 0.46010 0.7 614.8 1.176.7 1.3 1.47277 0.73110 0.2 1.8284 0.2 1.267.256.0 1.4988 1.69818 0.15954 0.8 1.15712 0.9003 0.272.68444 0.7 614.01942 0.765.5 1.75106 0.243.4 1.734.8852 0.148.74410 0.4854 1.273.47202 0.72502 0.8494 0.46913 0.

857.4 1.9044 0.44486 0.9337 0.052 1.8 1.186.196.4 1.61706 0.14143 0.9596 0.02122 0.061 1.02030 0.02150 0.302.2 1.850.02099 0.4 1.7 1.179.873.4 1.45561 0.63403 0.093 1.13300 0.819.025 1.310.1 1.9416 0.5 1.2 1.02051 0.290.7 614.02058 0.43399 0.65117 0.1 1.45105 0.02048 0.02170 0.086 1.02104 0.5324 1.5287 1.9583 0.5 1.61987 0.886.199.6 1.7 614.02027 0.63489 0.13147 0.0 1.45153 0.031 1.304.049 1.5312 1.5 1.9545 0.13034 0.5305 1.44652 0.288.7 614.5 1.314.5224 1.5 1.66467 0.5432 1.287.288.9785 1.45301 0.62901 0.9205 0.295.62131 0.206.7 614.45010 0.062 1.5524 1.44917 0.5414 1.9 1.63065 0.8 1.1 1.9152 0.192.9179 0.12631 0.8 1.6 1.892.1 1.298.44066 0.02081 0.7 614.5354 1.12703 0.048 1.9165 0.285.9519 0.867.183.295.0 1.7 614.309.871.201.872.4 1.311.7 1.7 614.12525 0.038 1.9139 0.7 614.43926 0.02125 0.292.8 1.7 614.848.12596 0.187.7 1.7 614.43455 0.62059 0.02162 0.64707 0.1 1.9672 0.12489 0.6 1.3 1.44872 0.1 1.12667 0.9621 0.5426 1.65996 0.61775 0.823.1 1.3 1.300.9298 0.14312 0.5535 1.6 0.891.02066 0.311.7 614.02053 0.1 1.5360 1.286.02165 0.44963 0.44102 0.1 1.065 1.881.191.3 1.7 614.66229 0.195.12997 0.5495 1.65223 0.44030 0.43603 0.877.62820 0.830.7 614.7 1.5 1.193.02084 0.9 1.02127 0.315.5293 1.02145 0.9697 0.9192 0.8 1.2 1.6 1.5472 1.13613 0.7 614.45508 0.65013 0.306.5 1.66960 0.085 1.02102 0.43573 0.5243 1.309.7 614.194.9429 0.318.02097 0.4 1.02132 0.0 1.45669 0.5420 1.077 1.9634 0.306.12211 0.8 1.4 1.5348 1.7 614.2 1.12419 0.7 614.7 614.7 614.02056 0.5 1.12560 0.822.308.7 614.286.9 1.02094 0.7 614.293.4 1.9272 0.64910 0.056 1.4 1.8 1.7 1.5268 1.068 1.7 1.299.02071 0.893.43484 0.845.14227 0.43995 0.181.106 1.094 1.7 1.02061 0.02079 0.5336 1.182.051 1.5478 1.44288 0.9557 0.188.878.6 1.43514 0.63232 0.5449 1.195.0 1.185.205.080 1.9285 0.187.43696 0.02038 0.12177 0.9735 0.7 614.3 1.63666 0.6 1.02140 0.299.3 1.064 1.13378 0.9245 0.864.44405 0.7 614.180.5490 1.2 1.7 614.6 1.5390 1.9351 0.7 614.44827 0.7 1.2 1.9442 0.6 1.64607 0.62506 0.1 1.846.13977 0.13455 0.66347 0.836.889.8 1.02112 0.7 614.9 1.7 614.1 1.63846 0.6 1.64030 0.9722 0.9609 0.826.0 1.63937 0.7 614.4 1.0 1.3 1.312.2 1.6 1.12776 0.65330 0.66588 0.283.8 1.7 614.9532 0.44568 0.02086 0.9455 0.190.201.7 614.44527 0.0 1.820.44327 0.7 614.303.02092 0.02130 0.9125 0.9748 0.9259 0.02033 0.2 1.02063 0.8 1.104 1.02137 0.281.059 1.1 1.02074 0.855.026 1.45202 0.0 1.316.7 1.13416 0.294.844.1 1.5438 1.12740 0.1 1.43825 0.9685 0.6 1.7 614.45352 0.301.297.43760 0.13534 0.870.840.5378 1.190.071 1.13224 0.073 1.0 1.45057 0.1 1.02117 0.2 1.284.2 1.5 1.12349 0.861.44366 0.44695 0.317.7 614.096 1.042 1.43543 0.13573 0.297.62279 0.6 1.307.02119 0.1 1.7 614.313.64808 0.179.9659 0.203.197.62205 0.4 1.098 1.02076 0.203.053 1.9480 0.9647 0.7 614.8 1.02135 0.833.5541 1.7 1.62430 0.076 1.2 1.5507 1.61845 0.852.842.44445 0.2 1.02142 0.43960 0.091 1.1 1.9377 0.5 1.5 1.44250 0.43728 0.12143 0.290.9760 0.7 1.875.088 1.12812 0.866.12923 0.033 1.63755 0.13495 0.13072 0.186.62741 0.7 1.831.44783 0.188.055 1.02147 0.5249 1.082 1.5318 1.1 1.02109 0.039 1.880.7 614.9232 0.9 1.9 1.5 1.44175 0.316.5 1.837.030 1.14185 0.13653 0.7 614.838.13693 0.9071 0.02167 0.5281 1.184.8 1.9 1.834.12454 0.192.2 1.5455 1.13936 0.191.202.7 614.7 614.5 1.1 1.62354 0.13773 0.849.6 1.64124 0.0 1.14060 0.66710 0.041 1.9390 0.12384 0.5262 1.858.102 1.5366 1.13854 0.7 614.02045 0.12314 0.291.43427 0.5372 1.045 1.046 1.44610 0.66112 0.65657 0.43858 0.178.5467 1.5 1.4 1.5230 1.9493 0.1 1.3 1.6 1.199.305.64410 0.2 1.7 1.289.65769 0.9570 0.65547 0.5384 1.296.43665 0.5518 1.9506 0.64508 0.304.5558 1.4 1.5513 1.193.7 614.888.9085 0.7 614.044 1.292.282.284.206.308.827.9219 0.197.2 1.6 1.185.44212 0.02157 0.7 614.02107 0.183.43792 0.45251 0.3 1.9364 0.6 1.859.022 0.7 614.62584 0.6 1.5 1.1 1.862.0 1.14018 0.5408 1.181.7 614.4 1.7 614.02035 0.854.0 1.12886 0.1 1.202.189.204.7 614.5443 1.079 1.282.194.184.180.13185 0.02040 0.9058 0.7 614.7 1.65882 0.0 1.029 1.44739 0.62662 0.7 614.8 1.885.5484 1.887.027 1.9112 0.02089 0.7 1.3 1.8 1.5237 1.4 1.841.02114 0.101 1.7 614.0 1.6 1.3 1.8 1.7 614.2 1.3 1.12960 0.204.13339 0.3 1.9773 0.074 1.5461 1.9 1.2 1.090 1.883.9403 0.02173 .66834 0.182.12849 0.0 1.9098 0.037 1.5256 1.070 1.8 1.64314 0.863.4 1.02043 0.02155 0.200.6 1.200.9710 0.5330 1.5342 1.14101 0.058 1.7 1.13895 0.825.294.829.8 1.5 1.61916 0.62982 0.7 1.12280 0.067 1.868.853.02160 0.5552 1.7 1.314.43892 0.7 614.5 1.882.5530 1.9 1.5546 1.6 1.199.7 614.023 1.5396 1.035 1.034 1.7 1.65438 0.14269 0.9468 0.0 1.9311 0.9 1.13814 0.7 614.45455 0.198.45615 0.63148 0.45403 0.5274 1.43634 0.7 614.5402 1.303.099 1.13733 0.0 1.13110 0.2 1.9324 0.876.083 1.205.7 614.588 589 590 591 592 593 594 595 596 597 598 599 600 601 602 603 604 605 606 607 608 609 610 611 612 613 614 615 616 617 618 619 620 621 622 623 624 625 626 627 628 629 630 631 632 633 634 635 636 637 638 639 640 641 642 643 644 645 614.02069 0.44138 0.02152 0.7 614.9 1.301.64218 0.12246 0.5501 1.63317 0.13262 0.7 1.1 1.198.189.3 1.5299 1.2 1.61638 1.5563 0.313.196.63577 0.

5 1.209.7 614.9910 0.11366 0.332.991 0.219.9 1.5585 1.59973 0.11681 0.61115 0.61178 0.5 1.326.7 1.02178 0.5602 1.337.3443 211.7 1.5715 1.9810 0.02240 0.10 3200.7 614.207.9798 0.216.916.339.9996 1.42853 0.5651 1.005 1.906.0143 1.7 614.0215 1.330.220.5629 1.43343 0.02213 0.59770 0.7 614.0 1.209.325.7 614.1 1.320.2 1.02185 0.11522 0.9947 0.43289 0.02250 0.9 1.319.5752 0.5673 1.328.5580 1.4 1.014 1.008 1.324.7 1.918.329.5731 1.997 0.11063 0.222.7 614.5683 1.0 at 273.7 614.9835 0.221.42875 0.332.4 1.2 1.4 1.02260 .7 614.11746 0.646 647 648 649 650 651 652 653 654 655 656 657 658 659 660 661 662 663 664 665 666 667 668 669 670 671 672 673 674 675 676 677 678 679 680 614.43159 0.60990 0.913.60929 0.42747 0.7 614.02198 0.5667 1.898.996 0.60078 0.902.60749 0.0008 1.5 1.338.6 1.0130 1.0 1.2 1.5618 1.42768 0.017 1.11909 0.920.02200 0.12076 0.6 1.7 614.999 0.003 1.2 1.02210 0.998 0.919.2 1.0118 1.2 1.216.4 1.11274 0.0203 1.02238 0.924.59672 0.0 1.42942 0.934.331.2 1.9 1.02228 0.95 1.61503 0.nist.899.8 1.43084 0.933.60131 0.218.42707 0.209.2 1.9872 0.5721 1.7 614.60516 0.11942 0.9984 0.43133 0.6 1.322.2 1.019 1.9897 0.210.2 1.6 1.8 1.11397 0.9860 0.2 1.11305 0.12009 0.4 1.213.42920 0.1 20.42810 0.009 1.7 614.1 1.9885 0.6 1.42687 0.931.7 614.3 1.3 1.11843 0.11713 0.11153 0.4 1.3 1.3 1.61242 0.7 614.334.5656 1.02183 0.02190 0.215.7 614.007 1.43262 0.335.016 1.8 1.7 1.333.02208 0.43236 0.42591 0.7 614.0 1.7 614.2 1.984 0.102 0.7 1.217.42789 0.3 1.904.9 1.002 1.5574 1.43060 0.8 1.0045 1.42965 0.59721 0.02215 0.909.990 0.11093 0.11975 0.12109 0.0179 1.11428 0.0 1.910.992 0.5736 1.6 1.59871 0.02193 0.0094 1.02248 0.0155 1.02258 0.43036 0.7 614.7 614.02253 0.327.214.43210 0.02205 0.905.16 K for saturated liquid.02195 0.42629 0.43184 0.5591 1.42988 0.6 1.0 1.9 1.7 614.9 1.982 0.5662 1.11617 0.5607 1.60238 0.7 1.0033 1.004 1.333.987 0.9823 0.336.5640 1.11034 0.9922 0.7 1.208.60025 0.02218 0.7 1.02235 0.319.932.5 1.60808 0.9934 0.61371 0. at 273.5689 1.5 1.985 0.0 1.0057 1.208.02188 0.5 1.335.02220 0.11554 0.1 1.11649 0.0070 1.000 0.11585 0.8 1.8 1.11335 0.8 1.012 1.61437 0.7 614.02255 0.7 614.42727 0.12042 0.60631 0.16 K for saturated liquid.42610 0.219.0 1.894.5624 1.43316 0.8 1.217.330.327.207.59922 0.60573 0.59820 0.11213 0.981 0.02225 0.5 1.8 1.1 1.4 1.11778 0.7 614.214.321.210.917.018 1.220.02180 0.02203 0.212.7 614.11491 0.5613 1.42831 0.4 1.11459 0.2 1.903.02243 0.42897 0.911.923.60348 0.1 1.7 614.0 1.59623 Auxiliary Data ( All data downloaded from NIST website: http://webbook.013 1.912. Additional fluid data Critical temperature (Tc) Critical pressure (Pc) Critical density (Dc) Acentric factor Normal boiling point Dipole moment 705.980 0.318.994 0.5646 1.927.9 1.5596 1.216.0 1.926.43012 0.0167 1.61570 0.338.2 1.0021 1.2 1.42648 0.7 614.43108 0.3 1.61052 0.896.0 1.60690 0.5705 1.6 1.925.6 1.4 1.42667 0.221.4 1.979 0.8 1.8 1.11123 0.215.993 0.60184 0.0082 1.7 614.325.922.5678 1.11183 0.6 0.212.322.021 1.0106 1.5 1.7 614.213.9 1.9959 0.986 0.5 1.6 1.5726 1.3 1.5569 1.5710 1.915.928.4 1.900.11244 0.02233 0.5699 1.908.02245 0.1 1.02223 0.6 1.336.7 614.60868 0.4 1.60293 0.9 1.6 1.7 614.321.11811 0.0 0.9971 0.5694 1.0191 1.211.7 614.7 1.010 1.60460 0.0 1.8 1.7 614.7 614.222.988 0.02175 0.9848 0.02230 0.323.855 o F psia lbm/ft3 o F Debye 1.897.gov/chemistry/fluid/ ) Reference States Internal energy Entropy U= S= 0.43371 0.5747 1.61306 0.60403 0.211.5742 1.324.222.1 1.329.0 1.218.11876 0.7 614.5635 1.930.

05160 0.05157 0.61880 0.05149 0.05147 0.05166 0.05143 0.05146 0.05148 0.57 Therm.05229 0. (W/m*K) Phase 0.05145 0.05197 0.05170 0.61810 0.05208 0.05188 0.05143 0.05145 0.62085 0.05172 0.62153 0.00 4.05150 0.05152 0.05194 0.05224 0.62220 0.05174 0.05155 0.61949 0.05151 0.05185 0.57 .05164 0.05201 0. Cond.05191 0.05219 0.05182 0.05215 0.05177 0.05228 0.05168 0.05179 0.61740 0.62287 0.05204 0.05154 0.05143 liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor 4.05144 0.05162 0.61680 0.62017 0.05158 0.05211 0.7.

05162 0.05167 0.05204 0.05172 0.05141 0.05149 0.05152 0.05165 0.05199 0.05175 0.05179 0.05147 0.05209 0.05185 0.05148 0.05154 0.05157 0.05145 0.05161 0.05158 0.05142 0.05153 0.05142 0.05159 0.05156 0.05144 0.05189 0.05143 0.05211 vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor .05164 0.05197 0.05195 0.05142 0.05143 0.05173 0.05151 0.05202 0.05147 0.05150 0.05145 0.05191 0.05187 0.05142 0.05181 0.05141 0.05193 0.05170 0.05142 0.05142 0.05168 0.0.05142 0.05206 0.05146 0.05143 0.05183 0.05177 0.05142 0.05142 0.

05400 vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor .05315 0.05294 0.05218 0.05380 0.05275 0.05339 0.05332 0.05216 0.05329 0.05237 0.05291 0.05272 0.05354 0.05245 0.05254 0.05311 0.05343 0.05260 0.05388 0.05376 0.05358 0.05361 0.05365 0.05285 0.05322 0.05369 0.0.05282 0.05240 0.05392 0.05232 0.05336 0.05318 0.05269 0.05298 0.05251 0.05224 0.05221 0.05384 0.05301 0.05347 0.05396 0.05226 0.05266 0.05373 0.05248 0.05325 0.05288 0.05243 0.05229 0.05234 0.05257 0.05304 0.05350 0.05263 0.05308 0.05278 0.05214 0.

05449 0.05518 0.05461 0.05531 0.0.05478 0.05536 0.05491 0.05540 0.05453 0.05504 0.05432 0.05513 0.05496 0.05436 0.05424 0.05483 0.05457 0.05500 0.05420 0.05408 0.05465 0.05416 0.05509 0.05474 0.05444 0.05412 0.05470 0.05549 vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor .05545 0.05404 0.05428 0.05487 0.05527 0.05522 0.05440 0.

234.9755 0.42415 0.1 1.9416 0.42070 0.5 1.237.42160 0.945.3 1.0 1.7 614.2 1.5 1.59527 0.5 1.9698 0.09785 1.7 614.58321 0.3 1.5814 1.57845 0.10382 0.10887 0.42259 0.9469 0.5910 1.3 1.9766 0.5 1.10575 0.5 1.42187 0.0573 1.7 614.9 1.7 614.4 1.9721 0.7 614.947.5865 1.1 1.358.5855 1.4 1.9533 0.7 1.0 1.9324 0.9642 0.7 614.0300 1.10659 0.58008 0.42046 0.238.237.9 1.2 1.10547 0.10248 0.223.8 1.5945 1.229.4 1.974.09860 0.42108 0.09987 0.0702 1.5783 1.10715 0.0714 1.2 1.975.5778 1.3 1.58622 0.0679 1.9406 0.4 1.7 614.9554 0.4 1.0 1.59250 0.0 1.8 1.235.7 614.2 1.940.5757 1.948.242.58507 0.10301 0.0550 1.58469 0.41977 0.59341 0.977.58394 0.7 614.232.7 614.10409 0.10355 0.241.366.9293 Volume (ft3/lbm) 1.42147 0.351.7 1.5905 1.347.0726 1.348.8 1.9 1.7 614.6 1.353.223.971.0655 1.365.227.8 1.5835 1.227. (ft/s) JouleThomson (F/psia) 1.2 1.58661 0.57942 0.232.41933 0.09961 0.7 1.9 1.58214 0.4 1.0761 Internal Energy (Btu/lbm) Enthalpy Entropy Cv Cp Sound (Btu/lbm) (Btu/lbm*R) (Btu/lbm*R) (Btu/lbm*R) Spd.239.58545 0.0251 1.6 1.58041 0.7 614.10169 0.950.4 1.0227 1.941.58741 0.0737 1.237.346.345.9576 0.10090 0.341.228.42483 0.1 1.7 1.5763 1.5875 1.1 1.8 1.5890 1.0443 1.359.955.9778 0.42201 0.0561 1.9587 0.1 1.243.3 1.7 614.9500 0.233.42083 0.976.8 1.42034 0.10437 0.7 1.42319 0.5 1.7 614.5955 1.365.5 1.70 psia Temperatur Pressure Density (psia) (lbm/ft3) e oF 681 682 683 684 685 686 687 688 689 690 691 692 693 694 695 696 697 698 699 700 701 702 703 704 705 706 707 708 709 710 711 712 713 714 715 716 717 718 719 720 721 722 723 724 725 726 614.5 1.240.7 614.7 614.236.984.230.1 1.10975 0.343.6 1.2 1.227.9565 0.230.5768 1.0467 1.10829 0.3 1.58075 0.7 614.0526 1.42174 0.3 1.58179 0.0407 1.5930 1.1 1.959.0691 1.5799 1.5975 1.9385 0.7 614.58109 0.226.0 1.57975 0.8 1.9344 0.9 1.58822 0.10630 0.10858 0.8 1.7 614.2 1.3 1.42244 0.980.6 1.0 1.5870 1.943.952.961.7 614.42398 0.8 1.4 1.3 1.233.7 614.0312 1.09911 0.9303 0.3 1.8 1.2 0.351.09936 0.0502 1.58358 0.231.235.10116 0.42536 0.361.6 1.0 1.0348 1.958.8 1.354.42448 0.963.59206 0.7 614.9511 0.954.42465 0.59387 0.10687 0.42058 0.9709 0.0336 1.2 1.9653 0.1 1.5 1.7 614.42572 0.5 1.951.225.7 1.981.0 1.0608 1.7 1.9598 0.59031 0.9609 0.42215 0.10602 0.7 614.5 1.339.9426 0.9 .362.10743 0.349.0371 1.0276 1.234.10195 0.5885 1.9 1.936.354.42431 0.5940 1.7 614.7 614.7 1.7 1.09835 0.7 614.2 1.224.4 1.42382 0.5895 1.41955 0.42554 0.58781 0.0667 1.360.4 1.42273 0.7 614.968.10801 0.42011 0.41988 0.5860 1.972.9687 0.9354 0.9743 0.973.42022 0.0479 1.953.983.364.355.0538 1.9 1.42518 0.4 1.5970 1.58144 0.0239 1.9458 0.0288 1.10064 0.42303 0.5960 1.10275 0.7 614.6 1.3 1.5845 1.0264 1.935.5 1.0 1.359.970.228.42350 0.8 1.8 1.0644 1.59161 0.5804 1.357.10916 0.9664 0.243.226.6 1.938.7 614.9 1.5794 1.4 1.5984 0.8 1.9675 0.967.346.6 1.58432 0.352.0585 1.7 1.942.1 1.8 1.3 1.9 1.0514 1.224.6 1.5809 1.10013 0.5965 1.355.57813 1.345.9522 0.9 1.58946 0.5830 1.09810 0.9543 0.7 1.7 614.0431 1.7 1.341.42288 0.42366 0.350.10946 0.9364 0.0324 1.5925 1.361.11004 0.0749 1.0597 1.6 1.5900 1.8 1.42500 0.241.7 614.5920 1.10038 0.6 1.363.9395 0.238.979.949.5880 1.2 1.5819 1.0490 1.58989 0.5840 1.241.41966 0.344.225.7 614.59118 0.10519 0.7 614.7 0.0 1.5773 1.242.9375 0.41999 0.3 1.09885 0.960.7 614.342.229.59074 0.236.9334 0.58904 0.944.343.0 1.356.9620 0.59433 0.7 614.10464 0.0395 1.962.59480 0.10492 0.9490 0.57909 0.231.7 614.0419 1.7 614.1 1.7 614.0 1.2 1.5935 1.4 1.9437 0.9 1.5 1.58249 0.42134 0.0620 1.9447 0.349.348.340.5915 1.3 1.41944 0.5950 1.7 614.58701 0.964.6 1.2 1.352.58863 0.10328 0.10142 0.0455 1.9313 0.9479 0.7 614.5789 1.240.5850 1.59295 0.978.8 1.7 614.5825 1.5979 1.966.1 1.59575 0.239.363.356.7 614.957.0359 1.42095 0.Super Heated Steam Data Isobaric Data for P = 614.342.939.10772 0.9 1.10222 0.982.965.9732 0.58583 0.0383 1.42334 0.42230 0.7 1.7 1.9 1.2 1.7 614.7 614.9631 0.0 1.8 1.58285 0.0 1.232.57877 0.0632 1.2 1.362.42121 0.358.

3 1.8 1.8 2.381.56560 0.7 614.1072 1.007.41766 0.6211 1.030.3 1.09191 0.09589 0.252.002.2 1.9 1.0 2.09012 0.7 614.9 2.7 614.41704 0.56581 0.6 1.2 1.0 1.8912 0.6018 1.7 614.8 1.373.09637 0.7 614.367.56751 0.021.250.41669 0.41719 0.020.1 1.0 2.7 614.389.004.08924 0.7 614.7 614.1232 1.9174 0.41643 0.9 2.249.7 0.378.9 2.253.8 1.7 614.6023 1.56958 0.389.6061 1.57569 0.6160 1.09078 0.988.0969 1.1244 1.57425 0.6170 1.5 1.56540 0.1312 1.4 1.09760 0.1289 1.41903 0.09236 0.2 1.1357 1.57598 0.09662 0.998.0911 1.259.6229 0.1118 1.012.9 2.382.7 614.09565 0.57689 0.7 614.2 1.1130 1.56910 0.6202 1.6165 1.6151 1.8 2.0796 1.374.5994 1.08752 0.6 1.995.8876 0.0 1.9 2.0992 1.8967 0.57397 0.019.57208 0.4 1.7 1.41734 0.7 1.9233 0.251.244.5 1.005.57105 0.384.0888 1.8858 0.006.1164 1.08774 0.7 614.5 1.6128 1.992.0900 1.386.385.3 1.372.9088 0.0 2.09305 0.248.08881 0.41625 0.09101 0.56887 0.7 1.7 614.6052 1.57750 0.393.1187 1.8976 0.41649 0.247.41782 0.41883 0.6216 1.6013 1.57628 0.253.41835 0.7 614.41758 0.0877 1.7 614.7 614.56500 1.9 1.250.09282 0.5 1.6090 1.08946 0.41590 0.4 1.727 728 729 730 731 732 733 734 735 736 737 738 739 740 741 742 743 744 745 746 747 748 749 750 751 752 753 754 755 756 757 758 759 760 761 762 763 764 765 766 767 768 769 770 771 772 773 774 775 776 777 778 614.41637 0.7 614.5 1.026.0935 1.388.6028 1.7 614.391.7 614.8 1.6 1.6137 1.08606 .9 2.7 1.377.09686 0.385.56664 0.6 1.248.09146 0.41726 0.57369 0.08902 0.253.57781 0.41873 0.394.7 1.6066 1.9 1.7 2.41550 0.7 614.6047 1.7 614.6142 1.394.016.09517 0.09446 0.1334 1.017.7 614.260.367.56622 0.263.7 614.7 614.390.1255 1.4 1.9 2.368.996.8957 0.41892 0.0 1.6071 1.8 1.0 1.57261 0.41580 0.265.08731 0.994.255.0946 1.9223 0.6225 1.6 2.0958 1.9 2.0842 1.9273 0.1027 1.5 1.0 1.5 1.7 2.57080 0.9 2.6057 1.366.41817 0.0772 1.41808 0.1198 1.377.3 1.369.8805 1.029.9136 0.1278 1.0 2.56601 0.9 2.7 614.003.57287 0.7 614.1300 1.8930 0.378.262.4 1.4 1.7 614.08710 0.56982 0.6038 1.383.1141 1.391.249.7 614.56773 0.41844 0.57482 0.09375 0.1 1.2 1.6 1.393.41774 0.370.1 1.8823 0.0807 1.7 614.6085 1.9 2.56707 0.7 614.1 1.015.373.09711 0.1084 1.09469 0.9194 0.1323 1.382.374.258.6042 1.7 614.09352 0.7 1.395.027.6132 1.57234 0.9204 0.8 2.9107 0.6004 1.41570 0.6104 1.9097 0.023.8867 0.7 614.8 1.9283 0.993.56520 0.9 2.6188 1.5 1.7 614.5989 1.08859 0.2 1.08795 0.56934 0.1 1.6207 1.6114 1.245.08990 0.9 1.08627 0.027.392.037.9 1.0865 1.09736 0.57314 0.1221 1.57658 0.09493 0.0 1.09123 0.9155 0.5 1.1 1.252.41596 0.7 1.9041 0.8849 0.0 1.56818 0.1015 1.7 614.9 1.384.3 1.9184 0.9 2.1266 1.9 2.6197 1.41555 0.260.7 614.257.09399 0.8 1.41690 0.9 2.7 614.390.3 1.8948 0.9117 0.1038 1.9050 0.7 1.09613 0.7 614.395.8 2.244.264.1 1.986.41791 0.5 1.1 1.035.024.990.7 614.036.9004 0.9253 0.380.7 1.0784 1.9 1.251.57342 0.1153 1.1 1.031.2 1.0854 1.41585 0.028.0 1.08689 0.264.371.3 1.9 1.6076 1.41826 0.7 614.5 1.6156 1.018.387.6 1.7 614.6220 1.9013 0.032.0 1.025.387.08816 0.386.1175 1.0 1.257.3 1.5 1.2 1.56643 0.56864 0.249.370.41683 0.41676 0.7 614.41560 0.5999 1.255.5 2.8 2.2 1.41923 0.6 2.0981 1.989.011.57453 0.41711 0.991.57182 0.263.245.8994 0.9 2.034.7 1.41607 0.08968 0.997.08648 0.1095 1.4 1.008.371.8903 0.09168 0.5 1.8939 0.7 2.0 1.6 1.6146 1.41575 0.033.261.1 1.1 1.7 614.09329 0.379.1107 1.7 614.57539 0.57055 0.08838 0.41854 0.010.41565 0.254.0830 1.987.41656 0.9126 0.1 1.7 614.7 1.6193 1.3 1.001.256.09214 0.8832 0.0819 1.57030 0.6009 1.56841 0.6123 1.9 2.4 1.57510 0.7 614.009.8 1.9 2.9069 0.1061 1.7 614.9263 0.09422 0.6080 1.380.013.41742 0.9078 0.9165 0.2 1.262.8894 0.0923 1.41631 0.41601 0.9022 0.257.57156 0.6 2.6 1.245.1050 1.000.2 1.56795 0.9 0.381.41662 0.41913 0.9 1.8 1.265.56729 0.6174 1.266.8 1.256.41750 0.09056 0.376.1 1.5 1.3 1.9060 0.57006 0.7 614.2 1.9 2.7 614.254.6 1.7 2.2 1.264.2 1.7 614.7 614.261.41697 0.369.3 1.8 1.41619 0.8 1.375.41799 0.09541 0.8841 0.258.41613 0.6118 1.2 1.8814 0.1346 1.08668 0.1209 1.9145 0.259.4 1.246.9214 0.1004 1.57130 0.9243 0.0 2.8921 0.266.09259 0.41863 0.0 1.4 1.6109 1.9031 0.260.57719 0.376.7 614.014.56686 0.9 2.6183 1.246.6033 1.8885 0.247.6179 1.999.8985 0.09034 0.4 1.6099 1.6095 1.

08403 0.5 2.7 614.056.55684 2.416.1582 1.046.7 614.6284 1.7 614.6346 1.08423 0.7 614.4 1.8 1.6261 1.1727 1.41424 0.07710 0.7 614.41438 0.3 1.060.061.423.277.3 1.6252 1.7 1.8568 0.1593 1.41418 0.8 1.56481 0.287.6329 1.270.07763 0.8487 0.5 1.8 2.3 1.6234 1.7 614.41413 0.274.41471 0.066.1 2.7 614.271.8 2.1738 1.0 1.56311 0.3 1.55772 0.280.267.1760 1.41528 0.55909 0.6243 1.56241 0.41452 0.279.280.073.1 1.7 614.7 1.280.1893 1.6443 1.284.41457 0.56423 0.7 614.413.8471 0.9 1.7 614.057.268.1559 1.1 1.282.41443 0.415.416.8693 0.6333 1.6 2.1514 1.56189 0.4 2.8416 0.41532 0.55759 0.8464 0.396.41504 0.408.281.7 614.283.41520 0.56123 0.55967 0.3 2.6404 1.278.1492 1.41428 0.6 1.6 2.080.1 1.284.8408 0.069.56442 0.6 1.7 614.047.4 1.2 1.6451 1.07944 0.2 2.418.56059 0.086.275.287.55880 0.41541 0.0 2.1 2.0 1.286.6447 1.6302 1.41497 0.279.07962 0.1379 1.55697 0.8 1.41490 0.6288 1.418.1570 1.7 1.07835 0.2 1.8719 0.7 614.55709 0.1 1.55799 0.8 1.6377 1.0 1.55734 0.403.9 2.1882 1.41449 0.56106 0.8727 0.399.6324 1.8 2.2 2.8456 0.6417 1.054.042.3 2.6 2.424.274.8393 0.9 2.077.8440 0.9 1.040.7 614.6239 1.7 614.7 614.7 2.6 1.8 2.273.6275 1.56043 0.1 1.55825 0.271.8745 0.8 2.7 2.0 1.0 2.7 614.7 1.065.1815 1.56366 0.055.7 614.081.7 1.8643 0.404.1782 1.281.08036 0.8676 0.5 2.4 2.5 1.1915 1.5 1.267.8432 0.1904 1.071.7 614.3 1.4 1.278.1402 1.1838 1.1458 1.7 1.6297 1.085.55923 0.2 2.4 1.417.08188 0.7 614.419.07799 0.41468 0.6311 1.048.6 2.8 1.6386 1.2 1.045.1849 1.6306 1.07907 0.6342 1.6434 1.7 614.289.41413 0.288.272.9 1.1425 1.08463 0.7 614.8448 0.08285 0.043.8560 0.6270 1.272.277.4 1.56404 0.041.08112 0.398.400.4 1.7 1.7 2.6368 1.7 614.1 2.7 614.56172 0.41486 0.397.6430 1.9 2.9 1.284.2 2.7 614.406.7 614.287.067.7 614.269.07981 0.8736 0.8585 0.0 1.8601 0.0 1.41459 0.41415 0.7 614.8377 1.08304 0.275.56258 0.053.8593 0.6351 1.4 1.400.55894 0.41546 0.268.9 1.2 1.070.41480 0.55812 0.41417 0.7 614.08545 0.1470 1.6412 1.078.9 1.41422 0.084.3 1.9 1.56206 0.8536 0.1871 1.08227 0.8511 0.413.7 614.6248 1.1526 1.41414 0.08364 0.082.8 1.41441 0.41500 0.039.408.8626 0.407.420.6 2.075.08074 0.286.4 1.421.1548 1.4 1.8552 0.6 1.07871 0.6266 1.1615 1.1447 1.7 614.56329 0.7 614.2 1.402.08324 0.41483 0.409.5 2.08524 0.6373 1.1436 1.56012 0.5 1.4 2.7 2.5 1.6408 1.7 614.065.8 1.8659 0.8 1.1937 1.0 1.56385 0.8 1.08246 0.0 1.8 2.8 1.1793 1.0 1.6257 1.08093 0.6320 1.5 2.8788 0.6 1.405.412.420.068.422.267.415.1 1.55938 0.1682 1.406.6438 1.410.062.6 1.282.41512 0.3 1.3 1.41477 0.8702 0.1503 1.6390 1.0 2.2 1.55853 0.56090 0.274.403.1704 1.049.044.6 2.55982 0.41516 0.7 614.6456 1.398.399.0 1.1860 1.1 1.404.8 2.1 1.41419 0.1716 1.271.6364 1.41524 0.41537 0.052.6293 1.6 2.6 1.56293 0.41436 0.07889 0.8 2.41435 0.074.411.8779 0.269.7 614.56348 0.7 2.1368 1.1537 1.1626 1.277.08055 0.072.050.276.7 2.8634 0.9 1.6421 1.276.8528 0.8424 0.07728 0.8762 0.3 1.56223 0.407.07675 0.56156 0.288.55866 0.41454 0.7 614.063.7 614.55952 0.1693 1.8520 0.8797 0.1827 1.7 614.41423 0.083.07817 0.2 2.3 2.07925 0.076.2 1.07657 0.08504 0.7 614.08265 0.273.414.41493 0.079.417.5 1.6337 1.5 1.55997 0.9 1.402.6 0.56074 0.07781 0.2 1.1771 1.409.3 1.55785 0.087.8479 0.422.07999 0.425.08150 0.08018 0.7 614.6399 1.1649 1.6315 1.0 2.082.8618 0.41420 0.8503 0.41462 0.7 614.5 1.41445 0.6460 0.7 614.411.41426 0.08207 0.41433 0.55721 0.1 1.8576 0.8710 0.285.059.8 1.7 614.4 1.6425 1.7 614.8770 0.1413 1.064.56276 0.7 0.1804 1.07853 0.058.1 1.8609 0.7 2.55839 0.8651 0.7 614.6279 1.3 2.2 1.397.283.4 2.56139 0.1660 1.1 1.285.8495 0.4 1.5 1.7 1.6360 1.1481 1.08586 0.41474 0.423.8668 0.08344 0.8401 0.08169 0.1638 1.7 614.270.8753 0.07745 0.9 1.6395 1.3 1.56028 0.55747 0.5 2.07640 0.7 614.7 614.5 1.08443 0.6 1.08383 0.7 614.8 2.41508 0.1 1.56461 0.41431 0.6355 1.051.08484 0.0 1.07623 .41465 0.038.07692 0.41447 0.6 1.1391 1.1671 1.401.1926 1.779 780 781 782 783 784 785 786 787 788 789 790 791 792 793 794 795 796 797 798 799 800 801 802 803 804 805 806 807 808 809 810 811 812 813 814 815 816 817 818 819 820 821 822 823 824 825 826 827 828 829 830 614.421.7 614.1749 1.6382 1.7 614.8685 0.41429 0.8385 0.1604 1.8544 0.7 1.08565 0.6 1.412.08131 0.

445.6 1.117.7 614.6575 1.5 1.2 2.5 2.100.2332 1.103.2003 1.07336 0.7 2.2 2.7 614.7 614.4 1.1981 1.41407 0.298.41434 0.8081 0.8278 0.2375 1.07096 0.1992 1.307.0 1.7 614.425.7 1.55475 0.41409 0.6 1.8 1.07128 0.297.07065 0.41408 0.55335 0.6541 1.8 1.2212 1.1 1.8102 0.7 614.07503 0.8308 0.106.06882 0.095.8031 0.296.9 2.093.8 1.55255 0.07452 0.097.41406 0.6613 1.431.4 1.106.07320 0.7 614.6477 1.8189 0.098.3 1.6563 1.55614 0.55278 0.442.2014 1.435.9 1.290.305.1 2.3 1.55370 0.07034 0.1 1.8 2.7 2.437.438.7 614.7 614.41406 0.5 1.452.8067 0.7 614.6605 1.7 614.115.5 1.41407 0.0 2.443.55505 0.1 1.122.41409 0.55232 0.7 614.07554 0.2 1.41409 0.9 1.55649 0.8174 0.3 1.428.41419 0.6516 1.41431 0.7 614.41416 0.07369 0.6550 1.2179 1.4 2.2080 1.4 1.8 2.426.55547 0.133.9 1.119.55602 0.8017 0.8211 0.6 2.2429 1.306.6634 1.41406 0.5 1.0 0.1 2.07486 0.07255 0.2 1.6642 1.4 2.2146 1.06852 0.6621 1.2201 1.8323 0.5 1.7 614.3 2.55247 0.2 1.4 1.292.2223 1.6537 1.131.6533 1.5 2.107.2 1.2 1.8011 1.307.2473 1.8 1.4 2.2 2.1 1.2397 1.429.3 1.1 1.41406 0.310.448.0 2.3 1.2 2.41407 0.41425 0.109.102.298.9 1.432.3 1.2364 1.299.8 1.55344 0.3 2.8204 0.06973 0.7 2.55515 0.428.6558 1.6567 1.55210 2.6503 1.8256 0.7 614.299.6600 1.8331 0.7 2.8241 0.113.7 614.8138 0.55270 0.07469 0.8160 0.41410 0.07386 0.7 614.089.450.302.3 2.41417 0.8116 0.443.07271 0.6592 1.6 1.4 2.55407 0.300.41408 0.7 1.6659 1.091.7 1.7 614.5 2.8248 0.07112 0.6609 1.7 614.1 2.110.55495 0.7 1.07435 0.55569 0.3 2.1 1.6 2.6646 1.0 1.8095 0.293.112.06942 0.55672 0.55294 0.7 1.432.55591 0.8153 0.448.6 1.301.0 1.7 614.290.114.6617 1.6671 0.2157 1.299.6638 1.8088 0.132.2 1.06897 0.06988 0.7 0.7 614.06927 0.090.41428 0.07081 0.2440 1.7 614.439.6486 1.6507 1.7 1.118.9 1.8 1.4 1.41407 0.55327 0.7 614.9 2.07239 0.2113 1.2484 1.308.55637 0.4 1.2462 1.6630 1.2277 1.55580 0.2047 1.41408 0.41415 0.41412 0.6499 1.8 1.099.1959 1.55388 0.305.295.8339 0.105.302.4 2.8038 0.41410 0.6596 1.309.6 2.6473 1.426.41413 0.6 1.41406 0.41406 0.8 2.2266 1.433.129.8024 0.308.55435 0.095.55455 0.07049 0.55537 0.8109 0.124.0 1.6546 1.5 1.7 614.2353 1.9 1.41432 0.41414 0.9 2.41406 0.437.101.41409 0.451.449.6482 1.7 614.2102 1.124.2168 1.55239 0.41406 0.8060 0.8293 0.2419 1.108.092.6495 1.0 2.7 614.55660 0.6584 1.440.444.6524 1.8271 0.8362 0.9 1.2299 1.41420 0.7 614.5 1.41418 0.2 2.451.6 1.130.1 2.41406 0.07402 0.6 1.8124 0.7 614.07588 0.07159 0.442.2 1.431.9 1.2451 1.6520 1.126.7 614.55465 0.7 614.441.9 1.5 2.831 832 833 834 835 836 837 838 839 840 841 842 843 844 845 846 847 848 849 850 851 852 853 854 855 856 857 858 859 860 861 862 863 864 865 866 867 868 869 870 871 872 873 874 875 876 877 878 879 880 614.06912 0.303.7 2.292.5 1.7 1.1 1.2025 1.07419 0.07207 0.438.6 1.094.8218 0.06837 0.2244 1.6667 1.41407 0.6663 1.55217 0.8052 0.2190 1.121.55526 0.6 2.07304 0.8226 0.7 614.301.7 614.2288 1.7 614.8131 0.7 614.41406 0.07520 0.55558 0.1 1.55353 0.123.7 614.427.7 614.306.446.06867 0.6554 1.06823 .2 2.6490 1.120.5 2.111.55398 0.6588 1.7 614.7 614.8 1.9 1.55286 0.8233 0.096.8 2.3 1.07003 0.3 1.3 2.8354 0.2343 1.07191 0.435.0 1.5 1.1 2.0 1.6464 1.7 614.1948 1.41421 0.07605 0.294.07571 0.07019 0.07537 0.6625 1.2 1.41411 0.07223 0.116.6 1.7 614.7 614.2135 1.2255 1.7 614.436.41424 0.2 1.2058 1.2 1.128.8370 0.0 1.8145 0.293.430.6650 1.41406 0.7 614.427.305.445.7 1.304.295.294.2233 1.41411 0.309.41423 0.2386 1.8 1.0 1.125.7 614.8301 0.1970 1.6 1.41411 0.0 2.304.434.6579 1.433.0 1.2 1.8346 0.55310 0.6512 1.127.2321 1.9 2.55262 0.2091 1.430.7 614.41408 0.06957 0.55379 0.303.296.2 1.07175 0.9 1.55225 0.6 1.6529 1.7 614.55302 0.2310 1.447.441.104.6 1.55416 0.116.07143 0.7 614.7 614.3 2.2408 1.6 1.291.310.2124 1.447.8182 0.291.6571 1.8167 0.55319 0.55445 0.8 1.9 1.289.6654 1.41407 0.297.3 1.41412 0.8074 0.4 2.3 1.5 1.436.8196 0.8286 0.55485 0.088.55426 0.07287 0.55625 0.8263 0.7 614.452.7 614.440.0 1.300.6469 1.41426 0.8045 0.2 1.290.07353 0.41429 0.8316 0.55362 0.2069 1.446.296.293.450.2036 1.308.302.

95 1.nist.16 K for saturated liquid.Auxiliary Data ( All data downloaded from NIST website: http://webbook.102 0.gov/chemistry/fluid/ ) Reference States Internal energy Entropy U= S= 0.3443 211.10 3200. at 273.0 at 273.855 o F psia lbm/ft3 o F Debye .1 20. Additional fluid data Critical temperature (Tc) Critical pressure (Pc) Critical density (Dc) Acentric factor Normal boiling point Dipole moment 705.0 0.16 K for saturated liquid.

05554 0.02305 0.02290 0.02285 0.02361 0.02287 0.05591 0.05703 0.02282 0.02322 0.02327 0.02337 0.02270 0.05629 0.02292 0.05644 0.05663 0.02352 0.05586 0.05648 0.05723 0.05673 0.05639 0.05601 0.05743 0.05759 0.02329 0. (W/m*K) Phase 0.02280 0.02295 0.05605 0.05572 0.05624 0.02339 0.02349 0.05708 0.02354 0.02344 0.05774 vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor .05769 0.02324 0.02369 0.05658 0.05563 0.02356 0.02268 0.05683 0.02307 0.02277 0.05678 0.05748 0.02334 0.05668 0.Viscosity (cP) Therm.05577 0.02347 0.02272 0.02366 0.02371 0.02275 0.05718 0.05688 0.02297 0.05698 0. Cond.02359 0.05733 0.02317 0.05764 0.02342 0.02315 0.05653 0.05728 0.02300 0.02332 0.02312 0.05568 0.0561 0.05738 0.05693 0.0562 0.02364 0.05596 0.05582 0.05634 0.02302 0.02374 0.05559 0.05753 0.05615 0.05713 0.02310 0.02265 0.02319 0.02263 0.

05929 0.05989 0.02454 0.02420 0.05869 0.02379 0.02476 0.05816 0.02466 0.05967 0.02488 0.02427 0.02432 0.02425 0.06012 0.05934 0.02376 0.02474 0.05837 0.02452 0.05821 0.02405 0.05805 0.05962 0.02444 0.02398 0.02401 0.06057 vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor .05923 0.02500 0.05885 0.06006 0.05795 0.02396 0.02391 0.05853 0.05896 0.02440 0.05779 0.02491 0.02386 0.05973 0.02493 0.02423 0.05811 0.06051 0.02393 0.02418 0.02478 0.05842 0.02457 0.02483 0.02403 0.02437 0.05784 0.05864 0.0579 0.02471 0.0.02388 0.05832 0.02381 0.05901 0.05907 0.02459 0.05984 0.06017 0.05874 0.06028 0.06023 0.05858 0.05918 0.02435 0.05945 0.02408 0.02449 0.0588 0.05826 0.02415 0.02495 0.058 0.0595 0.02383 0.06045 0.02442 0.05939 0.02481 0.02464 0.05912 0.02461 0.02447 0.02486 0.02469 0.02410 0.02498 0.0589 0.06034 0.06 0.02430 0.05956 0.05995 0.05848 0.02413 0.0604 0.05978 0.

02594 0.06266 0.06296 0.02522 0.02613 0.02565 0.02553 0.06236 0.06213 0.06248 0.06114 0.06278 0.0635 0.06326 0.02587 0.06172 0.06166 0.02575 0.06149 0.06344 0.02606 0.06154 0.06284 0.06143 0.02551 0.02515 0.06068 0.06201 0.02546 0.06137 0.06074 0.02520 0.06184 0.06356 0.02541 0.02572 0.06338 0.02623 0.02608 0.02539 0.02582 0.02580 0.02604 0.02618 0.02512 0.02563 0.06125 0.0616 0.0629 0.06219 0.0626 0.06272 0.02505 0.06302 0.02584 0.02558 0.06091 0.06097 0.06332 0.06102 0.02560 0.02544 0.02556 0.02529 0.06085 0.02507 0.02510 0.02548 0.02601 0.02625 0.06189 0.06195 0.06225 0.06362 vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor .06108 0.0632 0.02517 0.06314 0.06231 0.02616 0.02577 0.06131 0.02568 0.02536 0.06242 0.0612 0.02570 0.02599 0.06207 0.06062 0.02503 0.02611 0.02596 0.06178 0.02534 0.06254 0.06308 0.02620 0.02589 0.02527 0.0.06079 0.02592 0.02532 0.02524 0.

02642 0.02711 0.06541 0.02730 0.06572 0.02732 0.06423 0.02644 0.06472 0.06553 0.06485 0.06448 0.06547 0.06497 0.0646 0.02720 0.02673 0.0666 0.06368 0.02647 0.06616 0.06534 0.06597 0.02737 0.06566 0.02651 0.02701 0.02718 0.02694 0.02654 0.02687 0.06673 vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor .02708 0.06584 0.02656 0.02739 0.06603 0.02680 0.06528 0.06399 0.06435 0.02670 0.02692 0.06429 0.06491 0.06503 0.02685 0.02677 0.02725 0.02637 0.02639 0.02663 0.02632 0.06666 0.06559 0.02666 0.02682 0.06411 0.06454 0.06628 0.06522 0.02689 0.06393 0.02649 0.02713 0.02696 0.02658 0.02723 0.02741 0.0.02706 0.06374 0.0638 0.06405 0.06578 0.06654 0.02699 0.06516 0.06609 0.06441 0.02630 0.02635 0.06509 0.06478 0.02704 0.02661 0.02744 0.02675 0.06417 0.02727 0.02734 0.06641 0.06386 0.06622 0.02715 0.06591 0.06466 0.02668 0.06647 0.06635 0.02627 0.

6630 11.6 1.37658 0.51281 0.50848 0.37858 1.51457 0.956.5 36.53151 0.7 1.182.622.6903 1.0861 0.485 0.38353 0.0 1.0149 1.5 1.52995 0.38192 0.38015 0.5 36.5 36.181.51015 0.092.5 36.9 218.606.601.0171 0.5 36.0 1.54208 0.6918 1.506 58.627.628.174.172.178.4 1.52232 0.2 1.58137 0.169.185.8 1.87491 0.53107 0.5 1.094.0171 0.38396 0.0 1.103.53851 0.174.6860 1.97 230.608.098.5 58.4 1.0163 1.8 1.765 58.38796 0.0859 0.1 1.0841 0.91 227.5 1.102.38366 0.0848 0.7050 1.5 36.38083 0.51164 0.610.69 220.3 1.6911 1.100.86902 0.0 1.7350 11.87032 0.5 36.5 36.51850 0.6 1.0844 0.5 36.708 58.39256 0.5 36.84 222.00199 0.39182 0.822 58.175.7030 1.87294 0.36946 0.967.0 1.594.0 1.52316 0.6946 1.180.564 58.953.598.6850 1.38854 0.624.0151 1.87359 0.87425 0.85 223.0860 0.52493 0.72 222.50916 0.0857 0.6450 11.52151 0.9 1.6 1.168.591.49619 0.948.75 224.7710 11.2 1.6 1.6867 1.6 1.2 4.793 58.37089 0.7 1.5 36.53498 0.4 1.51066 0.77 225.0838 0.1 1.097.175.38486 0.091.0030 218.6988 1.51809 0.5 36.52403 0.5 36.38469 1.0837 0.0853 0.7170 11.5 36.0171 0.51226 0.38155 0.5 1.49026 0.096.091.0168 1.5 36.5730 11.38534 0.82 228.4 1.5 36.0839 0.593 58.9 1.6 1.90 226.2 1.0 1.622 58.595.093.6995 1.5 36.52809 0.5 36.87 224.5 36.101.173.0153 1.6974 1.39043 0.73 261.00203 -0.3 1.51922 0.5 1.0171 0.51118 0.52887 0.2 4.4460 11.3 1.100.2 1.177.38270 0.0170 0.7 1.4410 11.39354 0.51485 0.592.7036 1.5 36.82 221.8 1.5 1.9 4.2 1.178.0852 0.0843 0.0864 0.86967 0.970.5 36.0170 0.5 36.4820 11.962.0170 0.8070 11.1 1.6 1.0863 0.0171 0.8 1.0146 1.6 1.8 1.5 36.38119 0.8 4.50965 0.2 1.4 1.098.55316 0.1 1.5 36.51712 0.4 1.099.0868 0.51338 0.51645 0.170.102.098.0 1.38740 0. (ft/s) JouleThomson (F/psia) 0.183.7530 11.4 4.58572 0.49321 0.179.5 36.5 36.0874 0.8250 11.7002 1.79 219.0872 0.8600 11.00201 -0.0846 0.172.0171 0.51780 0.8 1.71 1.7064 1.9320 11.38231 0.93 228.38583 0.68 219.7009 1.597.95 229.3 1.9 1.5370 11.0856 0.0173 1.5 1.0851 0.5 1.6967 1.176.37231 0.6953 1.50535 0.2 1.0 1.51171 0.38224 0.184.0170 0.6981 1.0171 11.0855 0.38977 0.094.7 1.0867 0.9670 11.6960 1.097.0850 0.099.2 1.6090 11.0 4.7023 1.8 1.2 1.87097 0.70 221.37374 0.626.602.37888 0.54572 0.177.5 1.4 1.599.74 223.8780 11.5 36.1 1.2 1.096.4 4.0865 0.500 psia Temperatur Pressure Density (psia) (lbm/ft3) e oF 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 261.6925 1.87228 0.6932 1.56480 0.3 .0871 0.625.5 36.8960 11.093.976.36803 0.6 4.5 36.6 1.5 36.173.620.38440 0.60543 0.87163 0.8 1.00204 -0.171.37800 0.535 58.38633 0.6990 11.37982 0.950.8 1.617.2 1.7043 1.86725 0.6889 1.5 36.103.00201 -0.5 36.00199 -0.168.37516 0.00200 -0.5 36.4640 11.9 1.0160 1.5 36.5 36.0847 0.6896 1.00204 -0.7890 11.00205 -0.3 1.183.37950 0.00203 -0.7 1.49921 0.52072 0.603.Super Heated Steam Data Isobaric Data for P = 36.5550 11.6882 1.2 1.60 1.51518 0.0 -0.9 1.607.60413 0.86772 0.53138 0.85 230.59017 0.38914 0.100.101.9 1.5 36.171.83 229.51996 0.51581 0.9850 12.52586 0.170.5 1.2 1.5 36.092.965.0 1.095.651 58.6810 11.5 36.78 226.611.181.621.7 1.50227 0.613.52683 0.7 1.179.0836 0.9 1.5 36.51397 0.973.54941 0.631.4 1.096.5 36.00202 -0.0156 1.00202 -0.0834 0.0158 1.981.9 1.00200 -0.6270 11.3 1.57292 0.1 1.0870 0.180.0874 0.9140 11.5180 11.52138 0.86837 0.73 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 36.6 4.8420 11.0842 0.5 36.5 1.6874 1.7057 1.9 1.52471 0.184.103.0165 1.7 1.38083 0.6939 1.092.3 1.56883 0.604.50868 4.0 1.591.7016 1.094.52783 0.37918 0.3 4.39333 0.9 1.959.616.38685 0.38311 0.0170 1.59472 0.978.8 1.5 36.615.38048 0.88 225.7070 0.095.737 58.619.3 4.0170 0.1 4.612.4 1.55697 0.5000 11.630.0174 0.39111 0.9490 11.5 36.5 36.679 58.80 227.101.59937 0.4 1.0170 0.6852 1.0833 Volume (ft3/lbm) Internal Energy (Btu/lbm) Enthalpy Entropy Cv Cp Sound (Btu/lbm) (Btu/lbm*R) (Btu/lbm*R) (Btu/lbm*R) Spd.176.57710 0.5910 11.0 1.81 220.56085 0.6 1.5 36.37941 0.

5 36.37569 0.50178 0.49800 0.45713 0.1 1.50044 0.37200 0.7324 1.5 36.0 1.118.3550 12.37320 0.38063 0.1970 12.1 1.0 1.7 1.7222 1.49690 0.6 1.208.36980 0.188.37284 0.7336 1.5 36.0826 0.201.106.7117 1.201.50730 0.7380 1.5 36.7203 1.7111 1.0825 0.7367 1.49829 0.119.5 36.36968 0.187.36935 0.36957 0.49537 0.37267 0.37592 0.5 1.47597 0.47320 0.4950 12.6 1.110.656.7292 1.49443 0.207.37617 0.5 36.192.37107 0.674.0 1.37054 0.4 1.37666 0.664.46238 0.37302 0.0 1.120.1 1.8 1.39673 0.114.0789 0.5 36.6 1.5 36.191.104.7229 1.6 1.645.3200 12.0793 0.688.0823 0.1090 12.6 1.39466 0.637.50110 0.37829 0.0775 12.109.37800 0.195.8080 12.7104 1.642.110.5 36.117.633.8 1.684.5 36.41170 0.45975 0.7342 1.2150 12.204.0 1.50285 0.5 36.7077 1.6170 12.8 1.107.2 1.6 1.3 1.7330 1.7380 12.1 1.37718 0.4 1.2 1.5120 12.9 0.5 0.50322 0.42757 0.210.5 36.661.9 1.0801 0.37479 0.7131 1.116.7254 1.43228 0.5 1.5 36.205.5 36.5 36.50398 0.0794 0.0779 0.3 1.6690 12.0788 0.4 1.3 1.7144 1.681.49663 0.36914 0.639.6 1.203.8600 12.3380 12.0828 0.0730 12.9110 1.123.116.7 1.49292 0.6860 12.191.42294 0.5 36.37745 0.1 1.202.199.36992 0.111.44196 0.190.5 1.123.0784 0.0 1.8 1.8 1.192.37458 0.113.3020 12.5820 12.0832 0.5 36.0 1.0814 0.49586 0.0822 0.4 1.3900 12.37397 0.650.49355 0.7091 1.108.50144 0.0380 12.5 36.5 36.5470 12.1260 12.2850 12.49949 0.7209 1.50821 0.110.8 1.203.7196 1.8 1.0 1.7210 12.37485 0.5 36.0829 0.655.50011 0.116.5 36.194.48734 0.0 1.7 1.37016 0.194.37676 0.9 1.0795 0.5 36.105.649.665.37153 0.4600 12.657.5 36.5 36.0 1.7235 1.1 1.113.2 1.43467 0.1 1.39882 0.7097 1.7286 1.5 36.0778 0.44443 0.40092 0.206.187.5 36.208.5 36.4250 12.49334 0.0812 0.644.6340 12.4 1.669.7177 1.47045 0.662.7267 1.3730 12.0792 0.195.45198 0.0 1.5 1.37109 0.41391 0.7355 1.5 36.0 1.5 36.42066 0.7261 1.7170 1.50558 0.196.690.8 1.668.37546 0.122.7273 1.0790 0.189.9 1.5 1.0777 0.8 1.643.108.3 1.119.1 1.6 1.37501 0.0798 0.112.1 1.1 1.0785 0.37124 0.202.46505 0.1 1.6 1.5 36.638.3 1.38855 0.50476 0.5 36.6 1.5 1.7 1.7216 1.37358 0.41614 0.0560 12.7 1.7 1.108.3 1.7 1.123.37068 0.8 1.0819 0.49421 0.0808 0.37028 0.5 1.37249 0.6 1.37216 0.49398 0.200.0 1.5 36.198.6 1.8420 12.37138 0.49888 0.36920 .0804 0.648.50642 0.4 1.6 1.37041 0.663.5 36.112.47877 0.0786 0.120.4 1.2 1.118.5 36.205.197.43951 0.635.1 1.0803 0.122.37437 0.2 1.49612 0.5 36.211.0820 0.189.7730 12.4080 12.45455 0.0 1.0813 0.186.106.37377 0.5 36.686.50599 0.206.0780 0.652.121.8250 12.44944 0.105.37772 0.1790 12.37184 0.9 1.676.38655 0.1 1.4 1.0783 0.50516 0.199.5 36.186.7373 1.0831 0.7157 1.111.107.42992 0.49562 0.5 36.0200 12.37692 0.50359 0.2670 12.50076 0.1 1.682.5 1.49772 0.1 1.38456 0.0815 0.198.50213 0.7386 1.6 1.6 1.37095 0.40518 0.49980 0.5 36.6 1.37169 0.6 1.7317 1.5300 12.5650 12.37417 0.0776 0.1440 12.5 1.119.115.7150 1.3 1.632.49744 0.672.5 36.49489 0.4430 12.641.6 1.5 1.2320 12.9 1.6 1.7124 1.105.4 1.294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 311 312 313 314 315 316 317 318 319 320 321 322 323 324 325 326 327 328 329 330 331 332 333 334 335 336 337 338 339 340 341 342 343 344 345 36.4780 12.5990 12.7241 1.9 1.0809 0.7164 1.2 1.36924 0.37081 0.37641 0.666.6 1.7392 1.5 1.5 36.5 36.7248 1.197.2500 12.651.8770 12.5 36.636.1 1.50437 0.40304 0.3 1.2 1.50685 0.4 1.671.109.5 36.3 1.660.48445 0.49513 0.9 1.7900 12.1 1.200.5 1.37869 0.1 1.685.7349 1.209.7280 1.121.8 1.37339 0.7137 1.6 1.196.49918 0.0787 0.188.5 36.7361 1.8 1.40734 0.0782 0.41839 0.7183 1.37523 0.6 1.44692 0.4 1.5 36.5 1.9 1.49376 0.2 1.1 1.689.46774 0.210.5 36.5 36.209.7404 0.2 1.0 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.118.677.2 1.6 1.204.658.112.0827 0.42525 0.0811 0.193.0 1.1 1.6520 12.0910 12.0805 0.7 1.1 1.4 1.8940 12.0 1.7190 1.4 1.678.5 36.6 1.1 1.2 1.104.185.37295 0.654.5 1.39057 0.1 1.40951 0.1 1.43708 0.0821 0.0796 0.7398 1.49313 0.679.49717 0.7 1.7084 1.0800 0.49466 0.6 1.680.207.0 1.49637 0.0816 0.0807 0.7305 1.7560 12.6 1.36946 0.49858 0.5 1.7311 1.1 1.687.0797 0.117.49252 1.0799 0.114.8 1.113.37233 0.0806 0.5 36.107.50775 0.6 1.121.0 1.7299 1.190.0781 0.4 1.7040 12.50249 0.0818 0.691.5 36.673.48159 0.37004 0.49272 0.670.115.0 1.38259 0.39261 0.1620 12.647.115.6 1.193.

136.36684 0.48585 0.36626 0.130.8 1.9460 12.5 36.49006 0.7680 13.0 0.48593 0.6 1.33791 0.745.36666 0.7477 1.30490 0.5 36.6 1.6 1.3 1.0754 0.5 36.1870 13.5 36.0 1.744.234.4 1.222.2040 13.29944 0.719.0762 0.31631 0.2 1.748.3 1.124.212.49054 0.7447 1.4 1.729.225.125.36716 0.709.5 36.0734 0.3 1.48628 0.0320 13.7670 1.5 36.31485 0.5460 13.7 1.9 1.1 1.5 1.726.7 1.7693 1.4 1.7510 13.7554 1.36705 0.5 36.710.4440 13.48810 0.8 1.2210 13.739.1 1.7536 1.30910 0.5 36.5 0.5 36.717.36774 0.29282 0.220.733.36874 0.5 36.346 347 348 349 350 351 352 353 354 355 356 357 358 359 360 361 362 363 364 365 366 367 368 369 370 371 372 373 374 375 376 377 378 379 380 381 382 383 384 385 386 387 388 389 390 391 392 393 394 395 396 397 36.0744 0.7471 1.0 1.742.0746 0.7 1.5 36.5 1.7601 1.3410 13.219.36847 0.3 1.28895 .138.48717 0.49104 0.722.224.0739 0.7483 1.136.48676 0.48916 0.5 1.0763 0.1 1.48861 0.131.0760 0.700.7572 1.127.5630 13.712.30215 0.0670 13.48728 0.234.0 1.5 36.36735 0.9 1.7665 1.9 1.0 1.4 1.0 1.0735 0.36813 0.2 1.34618 0.7513 1.0150 13.7 1.7624 1.1 1.126.136.701.126.223.48750 0.5 36.0 1.3 1.233.33954 0.5 36.129.707.48666 0.217.32226 0.124.4 1.134.2900 13.5 36.8 1.228.8 1.1 1.720.7422 1.34284 0.49214 0.0738 0.30352 0.36694 0.230.48707 0.36670 0.8 1.0753 0.236.741.235.2 1.7682 1.4950 13.36613 0.48774 0.7 1.1 1.48930 0.7542 1.5 1.0840 13.48960 0.3 1.7435 1.233.36838 0.4 1.7170 13.0735 0.3 1.36856 0.36734 0.7495 1.48577 0.0770 0.234.226.31339 0.7642 1.1 1.0769 0.716.8 1.36760 0.32377 0.3 1.5 36.214.1 1.8 1.8 1.7578 1.3070 13.5 36.0755 0.4 1.7507 1.7416 1.7607 1.5 36.6 1.36623 0.5 36.129.129.4 1.5 1.2 1.127.6 1.7584 1.229.0 1.4 1.34787 0.212.5 36.48785 0.217.5 36.48696 0.7441 1.36753 0.30629 0.5 36.5 36.7459 1.2 1.127.0766 0.135.48835 0.36657 0.36722 0.3 1.0758 0.7595 1.7676 1.221.36821 0.49176 0.747.36789 0.6 1.7501 1.29544 0.0752 0.6 1.231.7710 0.48902 0.0741 0.0765 0.34450 0.36689 0.3 1.3 1.48619 0.36782 0.0 1.7850 13.135.7653 1.7 1.0727 0.1530 13.5 36.0 1.49140 0.5 1.9 1.5 36.128.5 36.216.137.725.4 1.214.5 36.36646 0.36747 0.4270 13.0743 0.2 1.0768 0.9980 13.0767 0.36805 0.5 36.36639 0.0725 0.9 1.9 1.4 1.137.0733 0.139.5 36.48848 0.5 36.3 1.7589 1.137.33151 0.743.36369 0.7630 1.1700 13.5 36.221.133.715.32994 0.5 36.723.6490 13.227.232.7340 13.30079 0.5 36.235.36618 0.224.49195 0.36679 0.132.727.5 36.9 1.0730 0.7519 1.134.8 1.36008 0.7489 1.133.48686 0.5 1.139.5 36.36699 0.5 1.7 1.34118 0.7429 1.36865 0.6310 13.230.0756 0.35129 0.8 1.7 1.9 1.0771 0.36884 0.32838 0.2 1.134.5 36.8 1.721.9 1.0759 0.30769 0.2 1.7465 1.222.7525 1.6140 13.49021 0.36551 0.713.0728 0.36675 0.7 1.6 1.8 1.36661 0.2 1.7453 1.8 1.3 1.8 1.36710 0.226.695.5 1.4 1.36728 0.9630 12.7560 1.36610 0.228.32530 0.48602 0.6 1.5 36.5 36.215.4 1.7566 1.48975 0.36632 0.5 1.48656 0.2 1.694.730.8020 1.3750 13.9 1.5 36.36620 0.737.36187 0.7 1.213.141.6 1.133.5 36.140.7 1.9 1.3580 13.32075 0.7659 1.5 36.7618 1.29152 0.49233 0.131.33309 0.5 36.9290 12.4100 13.6 1.5 1.698.31052 0.7699 1.48610 0.36635 0.124.36767 0.0 1.220.35302 0.1 1.0 1.142.706.128.125.9800 12.0490 13.1180 13.740.6660 13.227.0751 0.219.738.48569 1.139.3920 13.7636 1.0726 0.5 36.140.3240 13.48874 0.48888 0.9 1.29810 0.9 1.2 1.0772 0.126.0751 0.33469 0.143.35652 0.731.36653 0.36829 0.35477 0.5 36.0773 0.711.138.1 1.699.0749 0.5 1.212.31778 0.213.36615 0.33629 0.29676 0.7410 1.36740 0.1 1.229.7531 1.132.734.49037 0.704.3 1.7 1.4 1.49122 0.7000 13.4 1.5 36.2 1.131.231.724.7613 1.9 1.142.9 1.5 36.211.34958 0.0750 0.0761 0.0 1.8 1.0757 0.7647 1.49070 0.6 1.29412 0.6 1.0747 0.48822 0.225.0731 0.0748 0.36649 0.32683 0.7687 1.4 1.0745 0.7 1.48762 0.215.9 1.5 36.48797 0.5120 13.36894 0.0 1.4610 13.31926 0.1 1.141.705.1 1.5290 13.703.5 1.4 1.48637 0.36797 0.218.48945 0.0725 12.718.1 1.0742 0.31195 0.218.5 36.216.36642 0.5 1.0764 0.1350 13.49158 0.5 1.2550 13.130.0740 0.5970 13.0737 0.130.142.1010 13.0736 0.5 36.696.36904 0.7704 1.5800 13.48647 0.693.140.1 1.48739 0.2730 13.232.736.2380 13.35829 0.48990 0.732.0732 0.3 1.9 1.708.4780 13.735.5 1.36629 0.6 1.29023 0.7548 1.7 1.9 1.5 36.0 1.0 1.223.49087 0.2 1.2 1.5 36.0729 0.6830 13.6 1.2 1.697.

9 13.48546 1.7727 0.0722 13.5 36.8 1.237.48561 1.8190 1.5 0.8 1.144.1 1.236.7716 0.2 1.5 1.751.237.28642 0.749.1 1.8360 1.36604 0.48553 1.28517 .28768 0.4 13.0723 0.8530 1.398 399 400 36.5 36.750.143.36608 0.7721 0.0724 0.36606 0.143.2 0.

02919 0.22209 0.02859 0.02945 0.01325 0.02880 0.68362 0.68348 0.02869 0.02849 0.68355 0.22865 0.01344 0.02930 0.02863 0.02905 0.01353 0.01322 0.01349 0.21894 0.68360 0.02901 0.68357 0.22753 0.01389 0.22316 0.01371 0.01364 0.21998 0.02949 0.02952 0.02876 0.01338 0.02908 0.02873 0.01373 0.01336 0.01331 0.02856 0.01378 0.02934 0.01323 0.68336 0.01391 0.02956 liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid liquid vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor .01380 0.02866 0.02926 0.01360 0.02853 0.01386 0.68364 0.02941 0.68365 0.01382 0.02887 0.02845 0.02894 0.01334 0. Cond.02915 0.22103 0.01355 0.02897 0.22642 0. (W/m*K) Phase 0.01329 0.02883 0.02890 0.68366 0.01358 0.68332 0.01369 0.01342 0.21716 0.01375 0.22978 0.21791 0.01366 0.Viscosity (cP) Therm.01340 0.68352 0.68345 0.02937 0.02912 0.01347 0.02923 0.01327 0.01362 0.02846 0.22532 0.01384 0.68341 0.01351 0.22424 0.

01406 0.01442 0.03035 0.03167 0.01480 0.02987 0.03064 0.01498 0.01426 0.01507 0.03149 0.02972 0.01404 0.02983 0.01464 0.03140 0.01437 0.01469 0.01415 0.03145 0.01482 0.03055 0.03015 0.01466 0.01400 0.01473 0.03039 0.03031 0.02968 0.01417 0.02964 0.01411 0.02960 0.03023 0.03119 0.01496 0.01487 0.03060 0.03136 0.01455 0.01393 0.01444 0.01402 0.03110 0.01440 0.01478 0.03047 0.03019 0.03051 0.03027 0.03158 0.03011 0.01428 0.01424 0.03162 0.01493 0.01420 0.01489 0.03085 0.03123 0.0.03043 0.03127 0.01408 0.01413 0.01422 0.01453 0.03132 0.01435 0.03101 0.01395 0.01457 0.01431 0.02999 0.02975 0.01502 0.01446 0.01471 0.02991 0.01397 0.01451 0.03007 0.03171 vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor .03068 0.02995 0.03153 0.01500 0.01462 0.01484 0.02979 0.03003 0.03097 0.01460 0.01449 0.01491 0.03080 0.03106 0.03089 0.01475 0.03093 0.03114 0.01505 0.01433 0.03076 0.03072 0.

01570 0.01556 0.03341 0.01581 0.03289 0.01516 0.01554 0.03229 0.0.03285 0.01563 0.01511 0.01608 0.03327 0.01536 0.03375 0.03211 0.03193 0.03318 0.01525 0.01615 0.03202 0.01538 0.01586 0.01541 0.01534 0.03280 0.03257 0.01572 0.03189 0.01583 0.01561 0.01602 0.01509 0.01527 0.01593 0.03220 0.03308 0.03409 0.03356 0.03399 0.03336 0.03261 0.01618 0.01518 0.03271 0.03414 vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor vapor .03389 0.03351 0.01590 0.03404 0.03380 0.03322 0.01604 0.03385 0.01532 0.03294 0.01620 0.03198 0.03175 0.01579 0.03238 0.03216 0.01545 0.03266 0.03275 0.01611 0.01577 0.03207 0.03225 0.03234 0.01568 0.03365 0.03394 0.01599 0.03370 0.03360 0.01543 0.01523 0.01613 0.03184 0.03299 0.01514 0.01574 0.01588 0.03303 0.03248 0.01550 0.03243 0.01597 0.01622 0.01624 0.03313 0.01559 0.03346 0.03332 0.01529 0.03252 0.01595 0.01552 0.01606 0.01565 0.03180 0.01520 0.01547 0.

03424 vapor 0.03428 vapor .01627 0.0.03419 vapor 0.01631 0.01629 0.

0018 roughness.In Crane TP 410 fT is the fully turbulent flow friction factor defined by the equation below. You are totally correct. but this question highlights what I consider to be one of the weaker points of the Crane 410 manual so please forgive me a little rant here. K for a fitting is found by multiplying a number times fT. but the equivalet length is indeed based on 0. See Crane Fig 2-14 and . See Crane TP 410. The fT values provided by Crane imply a k value of about 0. Page 26. The Crane engineers noted that the K values for fittings generally decreased as the fitting size increased. But it all went wrong when they noticed that this rate of decrease was close to the same as the rate at which the friction factor for fully developed turbulent flow in commercial steel pipe decreased as the pipe size increased. STYMIEDPIPER (Mechanical) 13 Dec 06 10:53 Crane 410 lists values for fT wfn217 (Chemical) 13 Dec 06 10:57 I wanted to know whether the listed fT values are strictly due to geometry or also a function of roughness. K is determined by geometry. The Colebrook-White equation uses the Reynolds Number.it really is a great pity they chose to do it this way. the relative roughness. BigInch (Petroleum) 13 Dec 06 12:16 vzeos. I have seen Crane's treatment of the K value for pipe fittings cause so much confusion . katmar (Chemical) 13 Dec 06 15:00 BigInch nailed the answer with his first post. fT is called the friction factor. 1/√fT= 2Log{(3. 13 Dec 06 11:05 BigInch (Petroleum) geometry vzeos (Mechanical) 13 Dec 06 12:03 wfn217. and k is the pipe roughness. It is calculated from the Colebrook-White equation which is an iteration. Seems I reversed the question. DLANDISSR (Mechanical) 13 Dec 06 14:45 fT is the friction factor in the turbulent region of flow.Crane 410 fittings thread378-173164 wfn217 (Chemical) 13 Dec 06 8:49 In Crane TP 410. Is fT related to the roughness? dtn6770 (Mechanical) 13 Dec 06 9:45 fT is related to roughness by way of the Moody Diagram and its use of relative roughness. The fatal mistake was to link the two. Relative roughness is the materials absolute roughness divided by the inside diameter. The Moody Diagram is derived from the Colebrook-White equation. D is the pipe I.7D/k) Crane's equivalent length calculations assume fully developed turbulent flow. D.00180".

are not being asked to believe or accept 100% of what we are offered or given . it would have been better for Crane to give the K value as 14J. Everything in engineering is subject to scrutiny and improvements.as well . as professional engineers. the K value of a fitting is a function only of the pipe size (or geometry to use the terms used by wfn217 and BigInch).5 is given as 14fT. Even worse. This means that if you use fixed L/D values. . I have awarded a star to BigInch for his comment that if you want to convert the Crane K value to an equivalent length. and at the time that Crane first published this method it was rightly acclaimed as an important advance but IMHO it was badly worded and newer editions of 410 have unfortunately done nothing to remove the confusion. The Crane description of this on pages 2-8 to 2-11 is extremely confusing. To use the example of the 90 degree bend I gave above.of recognition for bringing to everyone's attention the importance of really understanding and reading through what is put in front of our eyes. The values of fT are given at the top of page A-26 as a function of pipe size. We. but this question highlights what I consider to be one of the weaker points of the Crane 410 manual so please forgive me a little rant here. and the example 4-7 is just plain wrong because the K values given in the 410 manual apply only to fully developed turbulent flow and should never be used for laminar flow. The Crane engineers noted that the K values for fittings generally decreased as the fitting size increased. This apparent link between the K value and the friction factor gives the impression that the K value is linked to the pipe roughness . it is possible to be misled into believing the Crane K values compensate for changes in Reynolds number because everyone knows that the friction factor is influenced by the Reynolds number. but for the purposes of calculating K values they are constants for each pipe size. which get multiplied by the friction factor in the Darcy-Weisbach equation. If you are working with laminar flow it is much better to work with equivalent lengths than with fixed or even Crane K values. on page A-29 the K value for a 90 degree butt-weld pipe bend with an r/d of 1. The values may have been calculated using the function referenced by vzeos. For example. use the 2-K or 3-K methods proposed by Hooper and Darby. you must use the fT value from Crane's table on page A-26 (which is based on a roughness of 0.0018") and NOT the actual friction factor of the pipe you are using. This was an improvement over previous work where the K value had been assumed to be constant for all sizes of fittings.but in fact it is not because fT is defined to be at a particular roughness. it is not because fT is defined to be in a particular Reynolds regime (fully turbulent). The fatal mistake was to link the two. I have seen Crane's treatment of the K value for pipe fittings cause so much confusion .katmar (Chemical) 13 Dec 06 15:00 BigInch nailed the answer with his first post. but so does the friction factor. But again.thanks for listening!] Montemayor (Chemical) 13 Dec 06 18:59 And I select Harvey as the preferred Ranter of the day and worthy . [Close rant mode . where J is simply a fudge-factor and would still be given by the values in the table on Page A-26 but without any reference to the friction factor.) The upshot of all of this is that in Crane's treatment. the high resistance values are automatically compensated for. (Note that I have selected J as my symbol simply because it has no prior definition in the Crane Nomenclature table.it really is a great pity they chose to do it this way. Resistance values for fittings increase rapidly at low Reynolds numbers. But it all went wrong when they noticed that this rate of decrease was close to the same as the rate at which the friction factor for fully developed turbulent flow in commercial steel pipe decreased as the pipe size increased.regardless of how “sacred” the Cow may seem. Or even better. See Crane Fig 2-14 and associated commentary.

L/D) instead of K then you have to calculate L/D = K/f and since Crane express their K's as (Constant) x fT you would get L/D = (Constant) x fT / f If f is evaluated at the same conditions as fT (which is what my rant above was all about!) then of course L/D = (Constant) which means that for commercial steel pipe in the fully turbulent regime the (Constant) used by Crane will indeed be the L/D value given by Cameron. L/D in Cameron is 30. as Harvey states. We. in the 2-K or 3-K methods. Katmar Software Engineering & Risk Analysis Software http://katmarsoftware.as well .of recognition for bringing to everyone's attention the importance of really understanding and reading through what is put in front of our eyes. if you want to get back to the L/D values you must use fT and not the friction factor in your particular case. However.and so do some of the biggest chemical process companies.Montemayor (Chemical) 13 Dec 06 18:59 And I select Harvey as the preferred Ranter of the day and worthy . everything Harvey has stated regarding the concept of their K values is not only valid.regardless of how “sacred” the Cow may seem.e. Great comments and good engineering knowledge.com . You just have to remember that because Crane evaluated these (Constants) for commercial steel pipe in the fully turbulent regime. are not being asked to believe or accept 100% of what we are offered or given . the Darcy-Weisbach correlation for pressure drop is ?P = ( fL/D + K ) ?V2 / 2 So if you want to express the resistance of a fitting in terms of the equivalent length (i. Everything in engineering is subject to scrutiny and improvements. For example. as professional engineers. for a 90 degree elbow K is 30 times fT. with some exceptions. We have a better option. but recent research has disclosed that K coefficients are not constant for all sizes of any one type of valve or fitting. Major world-class engineering firms agree with what Harvey states . To quote one: “Until recently. is now preferred. I have a lot of respect and gratitude for what has gone into putting together Crane's Tech Paper #410. but 100% positive criticism that should be heard and applied. Harvey! wfn217 (Chemical) 14 Dec 06 11:39 The number that Crane multiplies by fT to obtain K is the same number listed as L/D in Cameron Hydraulic Data. so the use of equivalent lengths.” And this is in addition to the problems of understanding/interpreting what TP 410 is saying. 14 Dec 06 13:45 katmar (Chemical) wfn217. the use of K coefficients for valves and fittings has been considered more accurate than the use of equivalent lengths of pipe.

e. I think that younger engineers blindly use equations and computer programs . then the value is multiplied by the actual friction factor for your application. if you want to get back to the L/D values you must use fT and not the friction factor in your particular case. When you use Crane K values the value is corrected (via the table on page A-26) for fitting size before you insert the value into the D-W equation. Katmar Software Engineering & Risk Analysis Software http://katmarsoftware. In my software I use 3-K because once it is programmed it makes no extra work to use it. I have questioned Crane myself. It is easier to use because you only have to remember a single L/D value for a given type of fitting. They were blindly going to use a calculated diameter because it was less than or equal to the recommended velocity without considering the application and whether the worst case conditions could occur at the same time. Hope this makes it clear Harvey tickle (Chemical) 14 Dec 06 18:17 Thank you Katmar for your wonderful explanation. They had sized the steam piping for maximum flow and minimum pressure.com wfn217 (Chemical) 14 Dec 06 14:35 katmar. You just have to remember that because Crane evaluated these (Constants) for commercial steel pipe in the fully turbulent regime. In the Darcy-Weisbach equation (in which I managed to get the wrong symbols before) ΔP = ( fL/D + K ) ρV2 / 2 you can see that if you use a K value the pressure drop is not influenced by the fitting size or the Reynolds number. It has been found experimentally that the resistance factor (i. the very best way is to use the 2-K or 3-K method but these are computationally much more involved. but learnt to accept that its findings were as practical as required. you can see that if you use equivalent lengths.because they are there. but many of the older references gave single K values for all fitting sizes. As Montemayor and I said before. .L/D = (Constant) which means that for commercial steel pipe in the fully turbulent regime the (Constant) used by Crane will indeed be the L/D value given by Cameron. 14 Dec 06 15:15 katmar (Chemical) wfn217. but if I am doing a hand calc then I use the equivalent length method. They do not understand the applicable circumstances or the limitations. K value) for a fitting depends on both the fitting size and the Reynolds number. and more accurate than K values. On the other hand. (they can't and a smaller pipe diameter was my recommendation). and because the friction factor does depend on the fitting size and the Reynolds number it automatically corrects the calculation for both these factors. In fact whilst reading the post one of the junior engineers questioned me regarding recommended pipe diameters. This makes the equivalent length method both easier to use. My point was that I don't see why equivalent lengths are now preferred (per Montemayor).

and I have often seen engineers struggle to come to terms with it. I will also argue that for fully developed turbulent flow. but learnt to accept that its findings were as practical as required. there is nothing wrong with CRANE's values. The pressure loss of a fitting obtained from these methods is not the same nor nearly the same as the pressure loss of a fitting obtained from multiplying the pipe friction factor x the equivalent length of the fitting. Probably 95% or more of our flow calcs are for fully developed turbulent flow. Applying the 3-K method at a Reynolds number of 100 in the same sized pipe gives a K value of 8. I think that younger engineers blindly use equations and computer programs . if we take 3K as the benchmark. not to combine them all into an equivalent length of straight pipe and multiply by the pipe friction factor. We all agree that the multi-K methods are better than the L/D method. The most accurate way to perform the calculation is to use one of these methods (three-k perferred) and add the losses to those of the pipe. They do not understand the applicable circumstances or the limitations. They were blindly going to use a calculated diameter because it was less than or equal to the recommended velocity without considering the application and whether the worst case conditions could occur at the same time. including laminar flow”. It was never my intention to suggest that there is anything wrong with applying Crane's K values to fully developed turbulent flow. 14 Dec 06 20:11 pleckner (Chemical) I invite everyone to read my article on this subject published at http://www. I accept that a similar calculation at Re = 100 using the L/D method will overestimate the pressure drop but for most calculations this would be the conservative option.I have questioned Crane myself. I have printed the post and passed it to my younger engineers. The two-K or three-K methods were developed to address the fact that fittings are indded somewhat dependent on Reynolds number. I believe you will find that the K values from all three methods are basically the same at these conditions.cheresources. There is a lot more that we agree on than on which we differ.because they are there. .com/eqlength. I disagree with Crane's statement (which is echoed in your article) that “K is a constant under all flow conditions. This means that a pressure drop calculation using the Crane value will be 90% understated. I have recommended MANY times here that people should get their hands on a copy of Crane 410. However.shtml I don't agree that using equivalent lengths is the proper way to perform a system hydraulcs calculation (my arguments are in the above mentioned article). my copy "lives" in the very front of the top drawer of the filing cabinet right next to my desk. My main objection was to the confusion caused by Crane's wording and their linking of the K value to the turbulent friction factor. and Crane is ideal for this. whether we are talking about CRANE's friction factor at fully developed turbulent flow or the two-K or three-K methods.36. They had sized the steam piping for maximum flow and minimum pressure.3. Despite the shortcomings of Crane 410. You must not mix the friction factor for a fitting with the friction factor of a pipe because they are not the same. I believe the posts in this thread confirm that this confusion is widespread. but this is still not the same as a pipe friction factor. katmar (Chemical) 15 Dec 06 5:15 pleckner. In your example you give the K value for a long radius bend as 0. In fact whilst reading the post one of the junior engineers questioned me regarding recommended pipe diameters. (they can't and a smaller pipe diameter was my recommendation).

I am curious. Katmar.75 psi Darby 3-K . however.(f for straight pipe and ft for valves and fittings)”.87 psi Who would put his neck on the block over which of these numbers is correct? The L/D and Crane answers are within 15% of the 3-K answer. 92% of the pressure drop is due to the reducer. apply to the K factor calculation and that the K factor was intended to apply to the full range of flow regimes from laminar to full turbulence. my copy "lives" in the very front of the top drawer of the filing cabinet right next to my desk. Great article. I accept that a similar calculation at Re = 100 using the L/D method will overestimate the pressure drop but for most calculations this would be the conservative option. I have seen someone try to scale the fT values in Crane from pipe to tubing based on roughness. the actual data's there for the taking. LeSabre (Petroleum) 15 Dec 06 10:07 pleckner. I have one objection to the example in your article.3. If for some reason you need to examine an existing system. if you design a system close enough so that you have to worry about the difference in pressure drops from laminar or turbulent flow in a few fittings. We all agree that the multi-K methods are better than the L/D method. Neglecting the reducer. Katmar Software Engineering & Risk Analysis Software BigInch (Petroleum) 15 Dec 06 6:12 That's my humble opinion also. I don't use the equivalent length method. I'm one up on you. I agree with you (Katmar) on that. Including the reducer exaggerates the negative aspects of the L/D method.0. and all three answers are probably adequate for practical purposes. I keep CRANE on my desk. about your representation that in 1979 Crane “.discussed and used the two-friction factor method for calculating the total pressure drop in a piping system..and I have often seen engineers struggle to come to terms with it. It is my understanding from reading the TP 410 Foreword (4th paragraph.36. Despite the shortcomings of Crane 410. However. f.0. if we take 3K as the benchmark. I put the reducers into the L/D equation only as a means for comparison. I appreciate your logical presentation. This means that a pressure drop calculation using the Crane value will be 90% understated. Can you comment on this? . In your example you give the K value for a long radius bend as 0.0. that's just plain tooooo close.. Applying the 3-K method at a Reynolds number of 100 in the same sized pipe gives a K value of 8.. I'm too lazy to go into my file cabinet. I disagree with Crane's statement (which is echoed in your article) that “K is a constant under all flow conditions. but nobody would ever try to calculate the pressure drop through a reducer with the L/D method. wfn217 (Chemical) 15 Dec 06 9:09 It should be noted that pleckner's article states that K for a fitting has little to do with friction. With all the other inaccuracies inherent in hydraulics and more specifically how systems are usually operated at one or the other of the extreme ranges. quoted below) that Crane’s intent was to have the pipe friction factor. the calculated pressure drops using the various methods are    L/D method . which answers my original question.. BigInchpleckner (Chemical) 15 Dec 06 8:01 We are in agreement. ever.97 psi Crane K . But then again. including laminar flow”.

LeSabre (Petroleum)

15 Dec 06 10:07

pleckner,
Great article. I appreciate your logical presentation. I am curious, however, about your representation
that in 1979 Crane “...discussed and used the two-friction factor method for calculating the total
pressure drop in a piping system...(f for straight pipe and ft for valves and fittings)”. It is my
understanding from reading the TP 410 Foreword (4th paragraph, quoted below) that Crane’s intent
was to have the pipe friction factor, f, apply to the K factor calculation and that the K factor was
intended to apply to the full range of flow regimes from laminar to full turbulence. Can you comment
on this?
Quote (TP 410 FOREWORD):
The fifteenth printing (1976 edition) presented a conceptual change regarding the values of Equivalent
Length "L/D" and Resistance Coefficient "K" for valves and fittings relative to the friction factor in
pipes. This change has relatively minor effect on most problems dealing with flow conditions that
result in Reynolds numbers falling in the turbulent zone. However, for flow in the laminar zone, the
change avoids a significant overstatement of pressure drop. Consistent with this conceptual revision,
the resistance to flow through valves and fittings is now expressed in terms of resistance co-efficient
"K" instead of equivalent length "L/D", and the coverage of valve and fitting types has been expanded.

katmar (Chemical)

15 Dec 06 11:22

LeSabre,
The example in pleckner's article shows how the "old" (i.e. pre-1976) L/D method over-estimates the
pressure drop in fittings for low Reynolds numbers. All my calcs agree with and confirm pleckner's
result. Crane were quite correct to make this claim in the 1976 foreword.
It is true that using the “new” K values avoids the overstatement of the pressure drop in the laminar
regime, but my example (See 5 Dec 5:15) shows how the Crane K values now understate the pressure
drop by 90% at a Reynolds number of 100. If you were designing a new pipeline would you rather
estimate the pressure drop as 40% too high or 90% too low?
Your query, and the latest post by wfn217, are typical examples of the confusion that is caused by the
Crane method, and which lead to my rant near the start of this thread.
I have probably stretched everyone's patience to the limit by going on and on about this problem so I
will leave it at this now.
Katmar Software
Engineering & Risk Analysis Software
pleckner (Chemical)

15 Dec 06 12:49

To LaSabre:
Thanks.
To me that statement in the Foreword just means that they made a change on how they relate the new
K value to pipe friction factor. The statement obviously doesn't give any specifics as to how to apply
the two, that is left to the rest of the document. Indeed, everywhere K for a valve or fitting is calculated
within TP410 they are very careful to note the friction factor as fT and NOT f.
CRANE notes that the friction factors (f and fT) will essentially be the same in the zone of complete
turbulence.
But you are correct in that it appears CRANE was intent on having K applied throughout all flow
zones and that is where they got it wrong as we've been pointing out in these Postings.
ccfowler (Mechanical)

16 Dec 06 2:03

K value to pipe friction factor. The statement obviously doesn't give any specifics as to how to apply
the two, that is left to the rest of the document. Indeed, everywhere K for a valve or fitting is calculated
within TP410 they are very careful to note the friction factor as fT and NOT f.
CRANE notes that the friction factors (f and fT) will essentially be the same in the zone of complete
turbulence.
But you are correct in that it appears CRANE was intent on having K applied throughout all flow
zones and that is where they got it wrong as we've been pointing out in these Postings.
ccfowler (Mechanical)

16 Dec 06 2:03

katmar,
Thanks for your comments and their effects on this discussion.
BigInch,
You have pointed toward one of my pet peeves, the dreadful misunderstandings brought about by the
ability of computers and calculators to thrash around 10 digit numbers. If the accuracy to which most
parameters are known is only 1%, 5%, 10%, and sometimes even worse, most of those many digits
presented by the mighty computer or calculator are really just so much drivel. Unfortunately, there is
never a shortage of people who want to believe that all of those digits are significant (and are willing to
make expensive/dangerous judgements and decisions as though they were valid).

BigInch (Petroleum)

16 Dec 06 3:37

The discussion has been very informative, but there is a certain logic for Crane to just continuing to
publish equivalent lengths with conservative roughness at turbulent flows... its conservative and that's
exactly how a lookup table intended for general application to all hydraulic systems should be.
Somewhere in Tips, I recall seeing a comment I liked questioning how many digits were actually
needed before the answer became believable, or something to that effect. Guess we should have stayed
with 8 bit computers. Even if all variables were known to 1%, it seems to me that most systems would
spend an excessive amount of time operating outside the range where those accuracies were valid.
Lastly, risking repeating myself, sooner or later any given system reaches capacity at one extreme end
of operational range or another, so over the long term is using Eq.Len at max turbulence really a bad
thing?
BigInch-born in the trenches.
LeSabre (Petroleum)

18 Dec 06 10:40

katmar,
Thanks for directing my attention to your “rant”. I agree that the ft factor depends on geometry. Your
j-factor theory, however, leads to the unlikely result that two different pipe I.D.s, say, 4” sch 40 (I.D. =
4.0260”) and 4” sch 160 (I.D. = 3.4380”) could have the same K-factor. How do you reconcile this
situation? Also, how would you get the K-factor for a 36" XS L.R. Ell.?
Thanks.
sailoday28 (Mechanical)

18 Dec 06 12:11

And the L/d or K for a run or branch of a "T" is?
Regards
BigInch (Petroleum)

18 Dec 06 12:28

situation? Also, how would you get the K-factor for a 36" XS L.R. Ell.?
Thanks.
sailoday28 (Mechanical)

18 Dec 06 12:11

And the L/d or K for a run or branch of a "T" is?
Regards
BigInch (Petroleum)

18 Dec 06 12:28

You could have a look at these that Weldbend gives for fittings, including straight tees and they even give a
method for assemblies as well,

http://www.weldbend.com/Technical%20Data/Flow%20Resistance%20For%20Fittings/flowresistance.
and click on <next> for the following page

BigInch-born in the trenches.
LeSabre (Petroleum)

18 Dec 06 12:44

BigInch,
Great site, thanks! But I didn't see any info on K-factors or ft.
pleckner (Chemical)

18 Dec 06 13:03

Let's remember that CRANE TP410 doesn't publish equivalent lenghts for valves and fittings, it
provides K values or the means to calculate K values from which we can then calculate the equivalent
length using the appropriate friction factor at fully developed turbulent flow.
Let us also not forget that we can obtain various fT values from the graph on Page A-23. This graph
allows us to choose the fT for the type of pipe being used (and this translates into a constant absolute
roughness for that type of pipe) and the diameter of that pipe. So I don't agree that CRANE TP410
necessarily publishes conservative values of roughness. It all depends on how you want to manipulate
the piping material you are using, e.g. For pharmaceutical grade highly polished SS pipe I might
choose to use the roughness for Drawn Tubing (an absolute roughness of 0.000005 feet) rather than
clean commercial steel pipe (0.00015 feet). Note that with this table, I can also try to interpolate and
obtain fT for various pipe diameters!
Let us also not forget that the published fT values given in the table at the top of Page A-26 are strictly
for CLEAN COMMERCIAL STEEL PIPE and for the schedule of pipe listed on Page 2-10. If one
desires the the K value for another fitting of a different schedule pipe, they should adjust it using
Equation 2-5 on that same page or go to the Graph on Page A-23.
One last thing for now, one can still use published equivalent lenghts as per the reference given by
BigInch but just remember to calculate the pressure loss through that fitting using fT for that fitting
rather than the pipe friction factor as I've shown in my paper and my post above.
BigInch (Petroleum)

18 Dec 06 13:12

on the <next> page, they give a method for dP, from which you can backcalculate Ks, right?
http://www.weldbend.com/Technical%20Data/Flow%20Resistance%20For%20Fittings/flowres.htm
BigInch-born in the trenches.

BigInch but just remember to calculate the pressure loss through that fitting using fT for that fitting
rather than the pipe friction factor as I've shown in my paper and my post above.
BigInch (Petroleum)

18 Dec 06 13:12

on the <next> page, they give a method for dP, from which you can backcalculate Ks, right?
http://www.weldbend.com/Technical%20Data/Flow%20Resistance%20For%20Fittings/flowres.htm
BigInch-born in the trenches.

katmar (Chemical)

18 Dec 06 15:29

@LeSabre,
Yes, indeed (assuming we are still talking LR bends) the Sch40 and Sch160 fittings would have the
same K value using my J factor, or using the Crane method. The table at the top of page A-26 has a
note "K is based on use of schedule pipe as listed on page 2-10". And page 2-10 seems to say that the
K values apply to Schedules 40 to 160, but that the velocity that is used to calculate the velocity head
must be based on the actual ID of the fitting. Makes sense to me. If you take a look at Figure 2-16 on
page 2-13 of Crane 410 you will doubt every calculation you have ever made. This figure shows the
variability in the experimental data on which the K values we use are based. A great deal of license has
been used in getting to the "averages" we accept as gospel.
This question again highlights the reason I disagree with the Crane fT method. People want to start
fiddling with the fT for their particular pipe, whereas Crane's intention was that if you have a 4" fitting
you use an fT of 0.017 irrespective of the schedule or actual roughness of that pipe. That is why I
suggested that we call it "J" and eliminate the false link to the friction factor that is confusing
everybody. All the experimental work shows that the K value has almost no dependency on the
roughness, and if you look at Fig 2-16 again you will see that there is no room for hair splitting here.
Using the Darby 3-K method to calculate K values for the Sch40 and Sch160 bends gives values on
0.28 and 0.29 respectively (at Re = 300,000). If I was doing a calculation that involved these fittings I
would use these two different values for the two different schedules, but only for the sake of
computational consistency and to allow anyone to later check my calcs using the same methods. In my
heart I would know that in fact they are for all intents and purposes the same. Of course for the same
flowrate the pressure drop is higher through the Sch160 bend because of the higher velocity, but not
because of any real change in K value. To try to calculate the actual K value from the Crane method by
interpolating fT between Sch40 and Sch160 is IMO like measuring the length of a football pitch with a
micrometer.
For the 36" bend I would use 3-K and get a K value of about 0.18. The rate of decrease with size gets
less as the sizes get bigger. You could use Crane fT of 0.0105 (interpolating from the figure on page A24) because there is a substantial increment to 36" from the data on page A-26, but the fact that Crane
neglected to give values on page A-26 for 36" pipe does not detract from my argument that their
procedure is confusing.
@Sailoday28,
Crane have neglected to give K values for welded or flanged Tee's. I have no idea why. As always I
would use 3-K. A good reference for this type of data is the classic article by Larry Simpson and
Martin Weirick (Chemical Engineering, April 3, 1978).
@pleckner,
I am confused over what you are saying Phil. If we apply your example of polished SS with a roughness
of 0.000005 inch to our 4" LR bend we would have to have a Reynolds number of over 100 million to
get to full turbulence (See Crane A-24). Under these conditions you would get an fT of about 0.007.
This compares with an fT of 0.017 for a 4" fitting given on page A-26. Using the value of 0.007 would
make a 4" highly polished LR bend have a K value of 17x0.007 = 0.119 and not the 0.28 that I would
calculate from Darby's 3-K. Is this what you are saying, or have I got the wrong end of the stick?
Katmar Software

Martin Weirick (Chemical Engineering, April 3, 1978).
@pleckner,
I am confused over what you are saying Phil. If we apply your example of polished SS with a roughness
of 0.000005 inch to our 4" LR bend we would have to have a Reynolds number of over 100 million to
get to full turbulence (See Crane A-24). Under these conditions you would get an fT of about 0.007.
This compares with an fT of 0.017 for a 4" fitting given on page A-26. Using the value of 0.007 would
make a 4" highly polished LR bend have a K value of 17x0.007 = 0.119 and not the 0.28 that I would
calculate from Darby's 3-K. Is this what you are saying, or have I got the wrong end of the stick?
Katmar Software
Engineering & Risk Analysis Software
katmar (Chemical)

18 Dec 06 16:33

@pleckner,
I got confused between inches and feet for your roughness in my working of your example with the
polished SS. The fT is more like 0.010, making the K value 0.17. The numbers are different from my
earlier calc but the principle is the same. My question is, are you proposing that we use the calculated
fT value of about 0.010 rather than Crane's 0.017 to calculate the K value of a highly polished LR
bend?
Sorry for the calculation error - it’s nearly midnight here!
Harvey
Katmar Software
Engineering & Risk Analysis Software
http://katmarsoftware.com
Zapster (Electrical)

18 Dec 06 17:19

Have any of you looked at the “Handbook of Hydraulic Resistance” by I. E. Idelchik? It was my
impression that this book was the ultimate reference for calculating flow resistance through fittings.
Perhaps someone who studied this text might have some comments on how Idelchik handles these
issues.
pleckner (Chemical)

18 Dec 06 19:55

Yes, CRANE TP410, page 2-10 says that the K values apply to Schedules 40 to 160 but they are not
constant at all these schedules. Look again and you will see that Schedule 40 pipe only applies to Class
300 and less; Schedule 80 pipe for Class 400 and 600 and so on. The way I interpret this is that you
would have to adjust the K value using equation 2-5 for the different internal diameter if you were
using a schedule 80 pipe in a Class 300 or less application. For example, 2" pipe, schedule 80 has an
ID of 1.939" but that same pipe in schedule 40 has an ID of 2.067". If you were using schedule 80 pipe
in a Class 150 application, the K value would have to be adjusted accordingly because the K values are
published for the schedule 40 Class 150 pipe, not the schedule 80 Class 150 pipe; different velocities.
@katmar:
My example is to show how one can manipulate, or try to manipulate absolute roughness to suite the
type of piping material they have rather than just blindly following the table on A-26 that most people
do. And yes, for this instance, I don't see anything wrong with using a lower K value for polished
stainless steel pipe (actually tubing for bio-pharm use) over clean commercial steel pipe. The frictional
losses will be significantly less for pharma pipe/tubing than for the standard chemical/petrochemical
industry steel pipe.
BTW, I am doing a project for vegatable oil tank farm expansion and we are using a smaller diameter
304 SS pipe than I would normally choose for our flow rates (asked for by the client) because in their
experience, there is essentially very little effective friction at all, the stuff just glides right down the
pipe!
And please don't get me wrong, I am a big advocate of using the 2-K or 3-K method over CRANE for

do.01819 = 340. this defines the K-factor as the number of velocity heads lost due to a valve or fitting. Indeed. applies only to straight pipe. hL = K v2/2g. f. It should be completely evident that the link between the friction factor and the K-factor is established by virtue of the Darcy equation and that f is the Darcy friction factor. this is the familiar K-factor equation. LT = (3* 2. The Darcy friction factor can be obtained using your favorite charts or equations. vzeos (Mechanical) 22 Dec 06 11:49 There seems to be a good deal of confusion about the relationship and use of the friction factor and the K-factor.7D/k)] 2. fT. For the special case of fully developed turbulent flow. That is what I thought all along. which represents the maximum possible friction factor. Equation 2-3. hL = (f L/D) v2/2g. The purpose for inventing a K-factor and doing this algebraic manipulation is to develop a dimensionless group to be used for model scaling and to generalize experimental findings based on a limited number of experimental results.7D/k) or fT = 1/[2Log (3. BTW. where k is the pipe roughness. And yes. namely 1/√fT = 2Log (3. the stuff just glides right down the pipe! And please don't get me wrong.0015)] 2 = 0. I don't see anything wrong with using a lower K value for polished stainless steel pipe (actually tubing for bio-pharm use) over clean commercial steel pipe. hL = v2/2g. L and. this is the velocity head of a flowing fluid. I am a big advocate of using the 2-K or 3-K method over CRANE for the same reasons you have been pointing out. The frictional losses will be significantly less for pharma pipe/tubing than for the standard chemical/petrochemical industry steel pipe. this is the Darcy equation.01819 Using Equation 2-4. 2-3 and 2-4 on page 2-8 of Crane TP 410 (see below) should clarify the issue. What is the length of 2. Once the K-factor value is determined for a valve or fitting it can be equated to a hypothetical pipeline (having particular values for the parameters f. Equation 2-1.9” or 28. D) by using equation 2-4.0015”? Using the rough pipe law. The values for the parameters of the hypothetical pipe are not set in stone.067/0.7*2. there is no friction factor associated with any valve or fitting.067)/0. fT = 1/[2Log (3. For example: A flow test for a 2” valve produced a pressure loss equal to 3 velocity heads under fully developed turbulent flow. the first paragraph on page 2-10 states that these fT values are provided for “convenience. for this instance. 22 Dec 06 12:01 . K = (f L/D).067” ID hypothetical pipe that would cause a 3 velocity head loss if the hypothetical pipe roughness were 0. the von Karman Rough Pipe Law should be used. I am doing a project for vegatable oil tank farm expansion and we are using a smaller diameter 304 SS pipe than I would normally choose for our flow rates (asked for by the client) because in their experience. 2-2. It should be further noted that the friction factor.4 feet LT is the equivalent length of the valve under fully developed turbulent flow. Equation 2-2. There is no special significance given to the fT values provided on page A-26.” K-factor values for valves and fittings are determined experimentally by measuring the head lost due to the valve or fitting during a flow test. there is essentially very little effective friction at all. wfn217 (Chemical) Thanks vzeos. Inspection of equations 2-1. Equation 2-4.

wfn217 (Chemical) Thanks vzeos.067/0. fT = 1/[2Log (3.0015)] 2 = 0.turbulent flow.067)/0.9” or 28. That is what I thought all along. 22 Dec 06 12:01 . LT = (3* 2.01819 = 340.7*2.01819 Using Equation 2-4.067” ID hypothetical pipe that would cause a 3 velocity head loss if the hypothetical pipe roughness were 0. What is the length of 2.4 feet LT is the equivalent length of the valve under fully developed turbulent flow.0015”? Using the rough pipe law.

I have seen Crane's s a great pity they chose to as the fitting size was close to the same as mercial steel pipe ee Crane Fig 2-14 and . ness. D See Crane TP 410.13 Dec 06 8:49 is called the friction 13 Dec 06 9:45 e roughness. 13 Dec 06 15:00 I consider to be one of ere. Page 13 Dec 06 12:16 ometry. Relative 13 Dec 06 10:53 3 Dec 06 10:57 lso a function of 3 Dec 06 11:05 3 Dec 06 12:03 by the equation below. but the equivalet 13 Dec 06 14:45 e Colebrook-White rook-White equation.

13 Dec 06 18:59 of recognition for ading through what is put ieve or accept 100% of Everything in . The values may oses of calculating K ssion that the K value is t a particular roughness. The Crane ple 4-7 is just plain loped turbulent flow and t lengths than with fixed Reynolds numbers. but so et multiplied by the automatically ooper and Darby.13 Dec 06 15:00 I consider to be one of ere. and at the ortant advance but IMHO ng to remove the he Crane K value to an (which is based on a re using. I have seen Crane's s a great pity they chose to as the fitting size was close to the same as mercial steel pipe ee Crane Fig 2-14 and with an r/d of 1.5 is given pe size. pensate for changes in d by the Reynolds ds regime (fully etter for Crane to give the he values in the table on elected J as my symbol a function only of the as an improvement over s of fittings.

14 Dec 06 11:39 as L/D in Cameron Cameron is 30. but engineering firms agree mpanies. L/D) instead s all about!) then of Constant) used by Crane hat because Crane gime. To quote one: dered more accurate at K coefficients are not nt lengths. if you want to get cular case. s is not only valid.e. with some rstanding/interpreting or 3-K methods. . 14 Dec 06 13:45 ength (i.13 Dec 06 18:59 of recognition for ading through what is put ieve or accept 100% of Everything in ane's Tech Paper #410.

They had sized the oing to use a calculated ut considering the e. if you want to get cular case. 14 Dec 06 14:35 er Montemayor). It is easier to f fitting. t whilst reading the post eters. 14 Dec 06 18:17 ractical as required. (they can't and a smaller . K method but these are e it is programmed it ivalent length method.Constant) used by Crane hat because Crane gime. This n K values. 14 Dec 06 15:15 fitting depends on both n which I managed to get e fitting size or the the table on page A-26) f the older references ue is multiplied by the depend on the fitting h these factors. because they are there.

ver. I e same at these conditions. (they can't and a smaller 14 Dec 06 20:11 em hydraulcs calculation tion factor for a fitting e talking about CRANE's ods. g with CRANE's values. I have of Crane 410. I disagree with all flow conditions. because they are there. understated. if we take 3L/D method will overative option. linking of the K value to confusion is widespread. .36. Probably ne is ideal for this. ius bend as 0. gives a K value of 8. The pressure loss of a pressure loss of a fitting he fitting. shortcomings of Crane ght next to my desk. t whilst reading the post eters. ds (three-k perferred) and length of straight pipe and s are indded somewhat factor. 5 Dec 06 5:15 intention to suggest that bulent flow. They had sized the oing to use a calculated ut considering the e.ractical as required.3.

15 Dec 06 9:09 do with friction. ver. I disagree with all flow conditions.3. which n Crane from pipe to 15 Dec 06 10:07 bout your representation alculating the total ngs)”. Can you comment . gives a K value of 8. ius bend as 0.36. if you design a e drops from laminar or on you need to examine 15 Dec 06 8:01 ee with you (Katmar) on o my file cabinet. understated. if we take 3L/D method will overative option.shortcomings of Crane ght next to my desk. s due to the reducer. It is my w) that Crane’s intent t the K factor was ence. Including ds are The L/D and Crane adequate for practical 5 Dec 06 6:12 draulics and more me ranges. but he L/D method.

Can you comment the values of Equivalent o the friction factor in flow conditions that n the laminar zone. resistance co-efficient ypes has been expanded.15 Dec 06 10:07 bout your representation alculating the total ngs)”. 5 Dec 06 11:22 thod over-estimates the and confirm pleckner's re drop in the laminar understate the pressure ine would you rather on that is caused by the about this problem so I 5 Dec 06 12:49 how they relate the new ifics as to how to apply ve or fitting is calculated the zone of complete throughout all flow Postings. 6 Dec 06 2:03 . It is my w) that Crane’s intent t the K factor was ence. the this conceptual revision.

say. Your D. 6 Dec 06 2:03 gs brought about by the accuracy to which most of those many digits Unfortunately.ifics as to how to apply ve or fitting is calculated the zone of complete throughout all flow Postings. = do you reconcile this Dec 06 12:11 8 Dec 06 12:28 . acity at one extreme end urbulence really a bad Dec 06 10:40 ends on geometry. Dec 06 3:37 e to just continuing to conservative and that's stems should be. digits were actually ss we should have stayed that most systems would curacies were valid.s. there is ificant (and are willing to d). 4” sch 40 (I.D.

If one ould adjust it using e reference given by sing fT for that fitting ve. it calculate the equivalent Page A-23. right? or%20Fittings/flowres. This graph nto a constant absolute that CRANE TP410 you want to manipulate ed SS pipe I might 0005 feet) rather than o try to interpolate and of Page A-26 are strictly on Page 2-10.Dec 06 12:11 8 Dec 06 12:28 ight tees and they even give a or%20Fittings/flowresistance.htm Dec 06 12:44 8 Dec 06 13:03 ves and fittings. Dec 06 13:12 late Ks.htm .

28 that I would ng end of the stick? . Dec 06 13:12 late Ks. bends gives values on t involved these fittings I for the sake of the same methods. That is why I hat is confusing dependency on the m for hair splitting here. but the fact that Crane argument that their idea why. right? or%20Fittings/flowres. the value of 0. but not from the Crane method by of a football pitch with a f decrease with size gets rom the figure on page A6.sing fT for that fitting ve.007 would not the 0.007. In my Of course for the same igher velocity.htm 8 Dec 06 15:29 ttings would have the op of page A-26 has a -10 seems to say that the culate the velocity head a look at Figure 2-16 on This figure shows the A great deal of license has People want to start at if you have a 4" fitting hat pipe. As always I Larry Simpson and ished SS with a roughness er of over 100 million to et an fT of about 0.

ished SS with a roughness er of over 100 million to et an fT of about 0. elchik handles these 8 Dec 06 19:55 to 160 but they are not pipe only applies to Class erpret this is that you diameter if you were pe.007. The frictional hemical/petrochemical sing a smaller diameter client) because in their glides right down the method over CRANE for . different velocities. schedule 80 has an re using schedule 80 pipe because the K values are ipe. roughness to suite the n A-26 that most people K value for polished steel pipe.28 that I would ng end of the stick? 8 Dec 06 16:33 our example with the rs are different from my at we use the calculated highly polished LR 8 Dec 06 17:19 delchik? It was my ance through fittings.007 would not the 0. the value of 0.

D) by not set in stone. values provided on page provided for uring the head lost due to or a valve or fitting it rameters f.K value for polished steel pipe. there is no ns. nder fully developed cause a 3 velocity head 2 Dec 06 12:01 . L and. For the special case friction factor. the von fT = 1/[2Log (3.7D/k)] 2. The frictional hemical/petrochemical sing a smaller diameter client) because in their glides right down the method over CRANE for 2 Dec 06 11:49 he friction factor and the TP 410 (see below) ity heads lost due to a e K-factor is established purpose for inventing a group to be used for ber of experimental aight pipe.

cause a 3 velocity head 2 Dec 06 12:01 .

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