Nimra butt

7G5
Renewable and non-renewable sources of energy

PG no. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 CONTENTS Wind Water Solar Tidal Geothermal Thermal Fossil fuel Oil .

A single turbine can generate up to 5 MW (five million watts) of power.Wind Sometimes you might think that the wind is a very unreliable source of energy. This is enough to supply all the electricity needed to a village of 5000 people. Wind turbines can be used to generate electricity as they turn. but in some places the wind blows all the time. .

even a slow flowing stream of water. can yield considerable amounts of energy. Run-of-the-river hydroelectricity system derive kinetic energy from rivers and oceans without using a dam   . or moderate sea swell. Since water is about 800 times denser than air.Water Energy in water can be harnessed and used. There are many forms of water energy:  Hydroelectric energy is a term usually reserved for large-scale hydroelectric dams Micro hydro systems are hydroelectric power installations that typically produce up to 100 kW of power.

solar thermal electricity and solar architecture. . which can make considerable contributions to solving some of the most urgent problems the world now faces. solar photovoltaic. radiant light and heat from the sun.Solar Solar energy. Solar energy technologies include solar heating.

Tidal Tidal power. . tidal power has potential for future electricity generation. tidal power has traditionally suffered from relatively high cost and limited availability of sites with sufficiently high tidal ranges or flow velocities. also called tidal energy. is a form of hydropower that converts the energy of tides into useful forms of power . Tides are more predictable than wind energy and solar power. Although not yet widely used. Among sources of renewable energy. thus constricting its total availability.mainly electricity.

Geothermal Geothermal energy is thermal energy generated and stored in the Earth. flash steam power Geothermal electricity is electricity generated from geothermal energy. flash steam power plants and binary cycle power plants. Technologies in use include dry steam power plants. Thermal energy is the energy that determines the temperature of matter. Geothermal electricity is electricity generated from geothermal energy. Technologies in use include dry steam power plants. .

We use it to keep warm (by heating structures and vehicles). . and to make zillions of products (manufacturing and industrial applications). too. prepare food (both at home and commercially). Thermal energy from the sun supports life on this planet.Thermal Energy of an object due to the random motion of its atoms and molecules and substances. We can convert thermal energy into electrical energy. We've used that for as long as a man has been on earth.

petroleum. .Fossil fuel Fossil fuels are fuels formed by natural processes such as anaerobic decomposition of buried dead organisms. and sometimes exceeds 650 million years.[1] Fossil fuels contain high percentages of carbon and include coal. and natural gas. The age of the organisms and their resulting fossil fuels is typically millions of years.

Oil Oil is commonly formed in rock or in sealed pockets under the seabed and it is from the Latin for ‘rock oil’ that the word ‘Petroleum’ is derived. What we commonly refer to simply as ‘oil’ is properly known as mineral oil or crude oil and is formed from plant and animal matter that has broken down and been subjected to extremes of temperature and pressure over millions of years. . though this umbrella term also covers natural gas as well as oil.

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