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The Cicadas of Thailand (Hemiptera: Cicadidae)

Allen F. Sanborn1, Polly K. Phillips2 and Robert W. Sites3


Barry University1 Florida International University2 University of Missouri-Columbia3 ABSTRACT
Recent fieldwork in Thailand has led to the production of this list of genera and species found within the country. A total of 152 species with 5 additional varieties and one undescribed species from 35 genera have been identified. Records for eight species are reported for the first time in addition to the first specimens of the genus Muda and fifteen new species adding to the diversity of the cicada fauna of Thailand. Eight other species are removed from the Thai cicada fauna. Major areas of diversity are the northwest region of the country and the Thai peninsula.

Address: Barry University 11300 NE Second Ave Miami Shores, FL 33161-6695 Phone: (305)899-3219 Fax: (305)899-3225 Email: asanborn@mail.barry.edu

RESULTS
A total of 152 species and one undescribed (Purana aff. tigrina) species have been identified from Thailand. Figure 1 illustrates the taxonomical hierarchy and species diversity for the cicadas of Thailand.
Superfamily Cicadoidea Family Cicadidae Subfamily Cicadinae Tribe Platypleurini Subtribe Macrosemiaria Subtribe Platypleuraria Macrosemia chantrainei Boulard 2003b Afzeliada badia (Distant, 1888) new record Macrosemia giovannae Boulard, 2005c Platypleura arminops Noualhier, 1896 Macrosemia khuanae Boulard 2001d Platypleura auropilosa Kato, 1940 Macrosemia longiterebra Boulard 2003a Platypleura mira Distant, 1904 Macrosemia tonkiniana (Jacobi, 1905) Platypleura nobilis (Germar, 1830) Macrosemia umbrata (Distant, 1888) Platypleura watsoni (Distant, 1897) Tribe Platylomiini Pycna concinna Boulard, 2005a Subtribe Orientopsaltraria Subtribe Cryptotympanaria Orientopsaltria beaudouini Boulard, 2003b Chremistica n. sp. nr. bimaculata Orientopsaltria cantavis Boulard, 2003e Chremistica chueatae Boulard, 2004 Orientopsaltria fangrayae Boulard, 2001 Chremistica echinaaria Yaakop and Duffels, submitted Figure 2. Distribution of the Figure 3. Distribution of the Orientopsaltria guttigera (Walker, 1856) new record Chremistica germana (Distant, 1888) Platypleurini in Thailand, Tribes Polyneurini (blue Chremistica guamauangensis Salmah & Zaidi, 2002 new record Orientopsaltria lucieni Boulard, 2005c Orientopsaltria musicus Boulard, 2005k subtribes Platypleuraria (red diamonds), Talaingini (green Chremistica malayensis Yaakop and Duffels, submitted Orientopsaltria padda (Distant, 1887) Chremistica moultoni Boulard, 2002a circles) Cryptotympanaria triangles) and subtribes Subtribe Platylomiaria Chremistica mussarens Boulard, 2005g (blue diamonds). Leptopsaltriaria (orange Platylomia andamansidensis Boulard, 2001 Chremistica nesiotes Breddin, 1905 squares) and Cicadaria (red Platylomia bocki (Distant, 1882) Chremistica n. sp. 1 circles) of the tribe Cicadini. Platylomia malickyi Beuk, 1998 Chremistica n. sp. 2 Platylomia operculata Distant, 1913 Chremistica numida (Distant, 1911) Platylomia pendleburyi Moulton, 1923 Chremistica ochracea (Walker, 1850) Platylomia operculata Distant, 1913 Chremistica pontianaka (Distant, 1888) Platylomia saturata perakana Moulton, 1923 Chremistica siamensis Bregman, 1985 Platylomia nr. similis (Distant, 1888) Chremistica viridis (Fabricius, 1803) Platylomia stasserae Boulard, 2005c Cryptotympana aquila (Walker, 1850) Tribe Tosenini Cryptotympana facialis (Walker, 1858) Tosena albata (Distant, 1878) Cryptotympana fumipennis (Walker, 1858) Tosena melanoptera (White, 1846) Cryptotympana gracilis Hayashi, 1987a Tosena paviei (Noualhier, 1896) Cryptotympana mandarina Distant, 1891 Tosena splendida Distant, 1878 Cryptotympana recta (Walker, 1850) Ayuthia spectabile Distant, 1919 Salvazana mirabilis Distant, 1913 Tribe Gaeanini Tribe Polyneurini Gaeana cheni Chou & Yao, 1985 Angamiana oridula Distant, 1904 Gaeana festiva (Fabricius, 1803) Angamiana oridula var. bauei Boulard, 1994 Gaeana maculata consors Atkinson, 1884 new record Angamiana melanoptera Boulard, 2005e Ambragaeana ambra Chou & Yao, 1985 Formotosena montivaga (Distant, 1889) Ambragaeana stellata (Walker, 1858) new record Tribe Talaingini Balinta tenebriscosa (Distant, 1888) Subtribe Talaingaria Subtribe Becquartinaria Talainga binghami Distant, 1890 Becquartina versicolor Boulard, 2005i Tribe Cicadini Becquartina versicolor var. chantrainei Boulard, 2005i Subtribe Leptopsaltriaria Becquartina versicolor var. ammea Boulard, 2005i Leptopsaltria draluobi Boulard, 2003e Becquartina versicolor var. fuscalae Boulard, 2005i Purana atroclunes Boulard, 2002a Becquartina versicolor var. obscura Boulard, 2005i Purana doiluangensis Boulard, 2005b Becquartina bleuzeni Boulard, 2005i Purana guttularis (Walker, 1858) Becquartina electa (Jacobi, 1902) Purana jdmoorei Boulard, 2005b Tribe Pomponiini Purana johanae Boulard, 2005b Subtribe Pomponiaria Purana khuanae Boulard, 2002a Figure 4. Distribution of the Figure 5. Distribution of the Pomponia dolosa Boulard 2001a Purana khuniensis Boulard, 2005k Subtribes Dundubiaria (blue subtribes Orientopsaltraria Pomponia fusca (Olivier, 1790) Purana pigmentata Distant, 1905 Pomponia fuscacuminis Boulard, 2005b diamonds) and Macrosemiaria (green triangles) and Purana n. sp. nr. sagittata Pomponia fuscoides Boulard, 2002a (green triangles) of the Tribe Platylomiaria (red squares) of Purana n. sp.1 Pomponia gemella Boulard, 2005b Purana n. sp. 2 Dundubiini. the Tribe Platylomiini. Pomponia lactea (Distant, 1887) Purana aff. tigrina in Gogala, 1994 Pomponia linearis (Walker, 1850) Purana tigrina (Walker, 1850) Pomponia littldollae Boulard, 2002a Purana ubina Moulton, 1923 Pomponia n. sp. nr. littldollae Rustia dentivitta (Walker, 1862) Pomponia namtokola Boulard, 2005b Rustia dentivitta var. amussitata (Distant, 1888) Pomponia nasanensis Boulard, 2005g Maua quadrituberculata (Signoret, 1847) Pomponia n. sp.1 Puranoides klossi Moulton, 1917 PompPomponia noualhieri Boulard, 2005b Tanna ventriroseus Boulard, 2003d Pomponia n. sp. nr. noualhieri Tanna n. sp. nr. ventriroseus Pomponia quadrispinae Boulard, 2002a Tanna yanni Boulard, 2003e Pomponia scitula Distant, 1888 Subtribe Cicadaria Megapomponia clamorigravisBoulard, 2005e Terpnosia abdullah Distant, 1904 Megapomponia imperatoria (Westwood, 1842) Terpnosia neocollina Liu, 1940 Megapomponia intermedia Distant, 1905 Terpnosia nonusaprilis Boulard, 2003d Megapomponia pendleburyi Boulard 2001b Terpnosia psecas (Walker, 1850) Megapomponia n. sp. 1 Terpnosia viridissima Boulard, 2005c Megapomponia n. sp. 2 Euterpnosia chibensis nuaiensis Boulard, 2005b Subtribe Aolaria Tribe Dundubiini Aola bindusara (Distant, 1881) Subtribe Dundubiaria Aola sulaiyai Boulard, 2005c Dundubia ayutthaya Beuk, 1996 Tribe Moganniini Dundubia crepitans Boulard, 2005k Mogannia caesar Jacobi, 1902 Dundubia feae (Distant, 1892) Mogannia conica (Germar, 1830) new record Dundubia hastata (Moulton, 1923) Mogannia cyanea Walker, 1858 Dundubia intemerata Walker, 1857 Mogannia saucia Noualhier, 1896 Dundubia kebuna Moulton, 1923 Dundubia nagarasingha Distant, 1881 Subfamily Tibicininae Dundubia nigripes (Moulton, 1923) new record Tribe Huechysini Dundubia oopaga (Distant, 1881) Figure 6. Distribution of the Figure 7. Distribution of the Huechys beata Distant, 1892 new record Dundubia ruvena Walker, 1850 Subtribes Pomponiaria (blue Tribes Tosenini (green triangles), Huechys sanguinea (De Geer, 1773) Dundubia somraji Boulard, 2003c Scieroptera splendidula var. cuprea (Walker, 1870) squares) and Aolaria (red circle) Gaeanini (blue diamonds), Dundubia spiculata Noualhier, 1896 Tribe Gymnotympanini of the Tribe Pomponiini. Moganniini (purple square), Dundubia sinbyudaw Beuk, 1996 Subfamily Tibicininae Muda n. sp. 1 new generic record Dundubia terpsichore (Walker, 1850) Huechysini (red circles) and Muda n. sp. 2 Dundubia vaginata (Fabricius, 1787) Gymnotympanini (orange star). Meimuna duffelsi Boulard, 2005k Tribe Huechysini Tribe 2 genera Gymnotympanini Meimuna durga (Distant, 1881) 3 species 1 genus 1 variety 2 species Meimuna jsguillotsi Boulard, 2005k The following species are removed from the Thai fauna for the reasons listed after each species. Meimuna nauhkae Boulard, 2005b Chremistica bimaculata (Olivier, 1790) Thai specimens determined as C. bimaculata are actually an undescribed species (Yaakop et al. submitted). Meimuna n. sp. 1 Cryptotympana vesta (Distant, 1904) These specimens are probably C. gracilis Hayashi (Hayashi 1987b). Meimuna n. sp. 2 Kalamata javanensis Distant, 1905 Siam listed as a question in Moulton (1923) who then states the species is restricted to Java. Meimuna tavoyana (Distant, 1888) Terpnosia andersoni Distant, 1892 Location in Ishihara (1961) is Nam Tha, Laos, not Thailand. Platylomia similis (Distant, 1888) Specimens from Moulton (1923) actually undescribed species (Beuk, 1998). Platylomia spinosa (Fabricius, 1787) Beuk (1996) questions accuracy of labels in his revision of the group. Dundubia bifasciata Liu, 1940 Species synonymized to D. hainanensis (Distant, 1901) by Beuk (1996) but this species is not found in Thailand (Beuk 1996). Pomponia adusta (Walker, 1850) Species is restricted to Java. Thai specimens are considered to be examples of P. pendelburyi (Boulard, 2001, 2005b).

DISCUSSION
Afzeliada badia, Chremistica guamusangensis, Dundubia nigripes, Orientopsaltria guttigera, Gaeana maculata consors, Ambragaeana stellata, Mogannia conica, Huechys beata, and two species of the genus Muda are each described from Thailand for the first time. Eight species are removed from the Thai cicada fauna. New species of Chremistica (2), Meimuna (2), Megapomponia (2), Pomponia (3), Purana (3), Tanna, and Muda (2) have been identified. The distributions of the individual tribes are influenced significantly by the limited number of collection sites. Significant areas of cicada diversity are found in the extreme northern and southern regions of the country. These regions have species or genera whose distributions extend into neighboring countries as well as mountains which can lead to reproductive isolation and speciation.

INTRODUCTION
The cicadas of Thailand have received little attention until recently. Specimens were identified as part of the Thai fauna generally as individual species were described or as a part of a much larger reference work. It was not until the recent work of Boulard (see summary in Boulard 2005a for the results of five years of field work dedicated to studying the Thai cicada fauna including the description of fifty new species and five varieties) that significant additions to the Thai cicada fauna have been reported. Our collections of cicada specimens were conducted while sampling for adults of aquatic insects as part of several nationwide biogeographic and faunistic projects focusing on aquatic and semiaquatic insects from 19972005.

REFERENCES
Beuk, P.L.Th. 1996. The jacoona assemblage of the genus Dundubia Amyot & Serville (Homoptera: Cicadidae): A taxonomic study of its species and a discussion of its phylogenetic relationships. Contrib. Zool. 66: 129-184. Beuk, P.L.Th. 1998. Revision of the radha group of the genus Platylomia Stl, 1870 (Homoptera, Cicadidae). Tijds. Voor Entomol. 140: 147-174. Beuk, P.L.Th. 1999. Revision of the cicadas of the Platylomia spinosa group (Homoptera: Cicadidae). Oriental Insects 33: 1-84. Boulard, M. 2001. thologie sonore et larvaire de Pomponia pendleburyi n. sp. (prcd dun historique taxonomique concernant les grandes Pomponia) (Auchenorhyncha, Cicadidae, Cicadinae, Pomponiini). EPHE, Trav. Lab. Biol. Evol. Insectes Hemip. 14: 79-103. 1650bp 1000bp Boulard, M. 2005a. Note technique: Missions cicadologiques en 850bp Thalande 2000-2004. Chronologie des espces colliges, publies ou sous presse (addenda et corrigenda). EPHE, Trav. Lab. Biol. Evol. Insectes Hemip. 15: 147-152. Boulard, M. 2005b. Cration du genre Megapomponia et description de Mp. clamorigravis n. sp. (Rhynchota, Cicadoidea, Cicadidae). EPHE, Trav. Lab. Biol. Evol. Insectes Hemip. 15: 93-110. Duffels, J.P., and P.A. van der Laan. 1985. Catalogue of the Cicadoidea (Homoptera, Auchenorhyncha) 1956-1980. Dr. W. Junk Publishers, Series Entomologica 34, Dordrect. 414pp. Hayashi, M. 1987. A revision of the Genus Cryptotympana (Homoptera, Cicadidae) part II. Bull. Kitakyushu Mus. Nat. Hist. 7: 1-109. Ishihara, T. 1961. Homoptera of Southeast Asia collected by the Osaka City University Biological Expedition to Southeast Asia. Nature and Life in Southeast Asia (T. Kira and T. Umesao, eds.) 1: 225-257, figs 1-110, pls 14, Fauna and Flora Research Society, Kyoto, Japan. Metcalf, Z.P. 1963a. General catalogue of the Homoptera, Fascicle VIII. Cicadoidea. Part 1. Cicadidae. Section I. Tibiceninae. N. C. State Coll. Contr. 1502: i-vii, 1-585. Metcalf, Z.P. 1963b. General catalogue of the Homoptera, Fascicle VIII. Cicadoidea. Part 1. Cicadidae. Section II. Gaeninae and Cicadinae. N. C. State Coll. Contr. 1502: 587-919. Metcalf, Z.P. 1963c. General catalogue of the Homoptera, Fascicle VIII. Cicadoidea. Part 2. Tibicinidae. N. C. State Coll. Contr. 1564: i-vi, 1-492. Moulton, J.C. 1923. Cicadas of Malaysia. Jour. Fed. Malay States Mus. 11: 69-182. Yaakop, S., J.P. Duffels, and H. Visser. Submitted. The genus Chremistica Stl (Hemiptera: Cicadidae) in Sundaland. Tijds. voor Entomol.: submitted.

MATERIALS & METHODS


Specimens were captured during our expeditions (RWS) from 1997-2005. Cicadas were mainly captured in black light pan traps, although specimens were also collected whenever found. Data from additional specimens were obtained from various museum collections. Specimens were identified and the literature reviewed in order to determine the Thai cicada fauna. The bibliographies by Metcalf (1963a, b, c) and Duffels & van der Laan (1985) were consulted to find literature which mention Thai cicadas. These references, as well as the more recent literature, were then compiled and checked to determine the species of the Thai cicada fauna and any collection localities mentioned in the articles. If not provided in the original reference, latitude and longitude information for available sites was compiled from the U.S. Geological Survey GEOnet Names Server (http://gnswww.nga.mil/GNS/index.jsp). Distribution maps A B C were produced using iMAP.
Figure 1. Taxonomic hierarchy of Thai cicadas. Representatives of two subfamilies, 12 tribes, and 35 genera have been identified in the Thai cicada fauna. The subtribes Cryptotympanaria, Dundubiaria, Pomponiaria, and Leptopsaltriaria have the greatest diversity of species representing more than half the total number of species present in Thailand.
Superfamily Cicadoidea Family Cicadidae

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
We thank Akekawat Vitheepradit (University of Missouri), Surakrai Permkam, Taeng-On Prommi (Prince of Songkla University), Penkhae Thamsenanupap (Chiang Mai University), and Kriengkrai Seetapan (Naresuan University) for assistance with field work or sharing of specimens and data. Jason Mat and Kazunobu Sanada provided specimens to AFS. Julieta Brambila (Florida State Collection of Arthropods), Lewis Dietz and Robert Blinn (North Carolina State University), J. Liebherr and R. Hoebeke (Cornell University Insect Collection), Edward Riley (Texas A & M University), and Doug Yanega (University of California-Riverside) provided assistance while visiting their respective collections. Support for RWS has been provided in part by NSF project numbers DEB-0103144 and DEB-0531513.

Subfamily Cicadinae

Tribe Platypleurini

Tribe Polyneurini 2 genera 3 species 1 variety

Tribe Talaingini

Tribe Cicadini

Tribe Dundubiini

Tribe Platylomiini

Tribe Tosenini 2 genera 5 species

Tribe Gaeanini 3 genera 6 species

Tribe Pomponiini

Tribe Moganniini 1 genus 4 species

Subtribe Platypleuraria 3 genera 7 species Subtribe Cryptotympanaria 3 genera 23 species

Subtribe Talaingaria 1 genus 1 species

Subtribe Leptopsaltriaria 6 genera, species 21 1 variety, 1 aff. sp. Subtribe Cicadaria 2 genera 6 species, 1 var.

Subtribe Dundubiaria 2 genera 22 species Subtribe Macrosemiaria 1 genus 6 species

Subtribe Orientopsaltraria 1 genus 7 species Subtribe Platylomiaria 1 genus, 9 species 1 subspecies

Subtribe Becquartinaria 1 genus, 3 species 4 varieties

Subtribe Pomponiaria 2 genera 22 species Subtribe Aolaria 1 genus 2 species