Indian musical instruments

Indian musical instruments can be broadly classified into four categories, mainly classical, western and folk. See Carnatic music and Hindustani music.

Plucked string instruments
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Bulbul Tarang Dotar, Dotora, or Dotara. Ektara Getchu Vadyam or Gettuvadyam or Gethu Vadyam or Jhallari Gopichand or Gopiyantra or Khamak Gottuvadhyam or Chitravina Katho Rubab, plucked rabaab (not to be confused with bowed rebab) Santoor Sarod Sitar Surbahar Surshringar Swarabat Swarmandal Tambura Tumbi Tuntuna Magadi Veena Mohan Veena Nakula Veena Nanduni - Two stringed lute Rudra Veena Saraswati Veena Vichitra Veena Yazh

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Folk sarangi Classical sarangi Sarinda Tar Shehnai

Wind instruments
Flute
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Alghoza - double flute Bansuri Bombashi or Bommbanshi Venu (Carnatic flute) Pullanguzhal

Single reed
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Pepa Pungi or Been

Double reed
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Kuzhal Nadaswaram Shehnai Sundari

Bagpipes
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Bowed string instruments
Tribal fiddle instruments called "Dhodro Banam" used by Santhal people in Eastern India.
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Mashak Titti Sruti upanga

Free reed
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Gogona Morsing

Chikara Dilruba Esraj Kamaicha Mayuri Vina or Taus Onavillu Pena or Bana Pulluvan pattu - one stringed violin Ravanahatha

Free reed and bellow
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Shruti box Harmonium (hand-pumped)

Brass

Ekkalam

Kombu Other wind instruments

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Dholi Idakka Thavil Udukai

Ramsinga

Stick drums
Percussion instruments Membranophones Hand drums
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Dhad Damru Dholak Duggi Ghat singhari or gada singari Ghumot Gummeta Khol Maddale Maram Mizhavu Mridangam Pakhavaj Pakhavaj jori - sikh instrument similar to table Panchamukha vadyam Pung Shuddha madalam or Maddalam Tabala / tabl / chameli - goblet drum Tabla Tabla tarang - set of tablas Tamte Thanthi Panai Thimila Tumbak, tumbaknari, tumbaknaer

Chande Nagara - pair of kettledrums Pambai - unit of two cylindrical drums Parai thappu - medium frame drum played with two sticks Sambal Stick daff or stick duff - daff in a stand played with sticks Tamak' Tasha - type of kettledrum Urumee

Chord percussion
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Gethu or Jhallari Gubguba Pulluvan kutam (pot with one string attached to it)

Idiophones
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Hand frame drums
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Daff, duff, daf or duf - medium or large frame drum without jingles, of Persian origin Dimdi or dimri - small frame drum without jingles Kanjira - small frame drum with one jingle Kansi - small without jingles Patayani thappu - medium frame drum played with hands

Chimpta - fire tong with brass jingles Chengila Elathalam Geger - brass vessel similar to a nut Ghatam and Matkam (Earthenware pot drum) Ghungroo Khartal or Chiplya Manjeera or jhanj or taal Nut - clay pot Sankarjang - lithophone Thattukazhi mannai

Melodic
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Stick and hand drums
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Jal tarang, ceramic bowls with water Kanch tarang, a type of glass harp Kashtha tarang, a type of xylophone Loh tarang, a set of metallic plate

Chenda Dollu Dhak Dhol